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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 10, 1919

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
uronsTWAL rams btmmwh
OWIOIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADBS AND LABOB COUN -IL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF
U-Q*X
POLITICAL DNITTi  VICTOBT
ELEVENTH YEAR.  No. 2
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 10,1919
(Im Ymmwkx
(Htr. SIM ;
$1.50 PER YEAR
W. W. Lefeaux and McKenzie Held Platform
Last Week
'What we of tho working does nood
BETTER SERVICE
ED
la knowledge. Knowledge of socioty,
its history, structuro and the laws of
Its determining economic lifo processes,
because the working class must know
its own position .within society in order to solvo its problems." So spoke
tho chairman in tho Theatre' Boyal in
opening Sunday's meeting of the Socialist Party of Canada. "Ignoranco
will mean confusion, despair and disaster in thc critical dny* that aro noar."
Ho quoted the closing words of tho ad*
drCBB of Premier Lenin to the proletariat of Russia when ho asked thom
to "apply themselves with a.lf-swri-
ficing zeal to tho collossal task of as*
sembling and reconstructing the economic and Industrial lifo of Bussia,"
which are contained in the pamphlet,
"Tho Soviets at Work." "Only a
elasB that marches along itB road without hesitation, that does not becomo
dejected and docs not despair on tho
most difficult and dangerous crossings,
can lead tho toiling and exploited
masses. We do not need hysterical
outbursts. Wo need the regular mnrch
of tho iron battalions of tho prole*
tariat.
Two speakers occupied tho platform,
Comrades McKonzio and Lofcaux. Mc-
Konzio in hiB address said the solving
of the problems of reconstruction do-
ponded on tho revolutionary working
clasB, the BusBian proletnriat pointing
the way.
Wo bad only to listen to tho spokesmen of tho present dying regime to
realizo tho mental bankruptcy of its
apologists in tho futility of their pro
posed remedies. How wcro wo to face
the over recurring industrial panics,
ono of which was approaching now,
The hourgooisio had no remedy, because such social phenomena wore the
rosult of tho wage system itsolf and
production for profit.
The speaker also dealt with the conditions in Eussia and Gormany and
with tho false impressions, os to tho
proletarian movement in thoso countries, which tho capitalist press was
trying to instil into tho minds of tho
workers in othor countries. He said
it was our bounden duty, as Socialists,
to whom the succcsb of our BUBsian
ond German comrades was of vital intorest, to countor these false im*
presirions and lies by spreading thc
truth.
• Comrado Lefeaux then spoko
Bussian intorvontion aud thc relation
and responsibility of tho workers in
this and ovory othor country to and
for this affair. He said ho could seo
t vision of mon dead or dying in agony
on the plains of Russia, and who wcro
they? Working men of Bussia. Killed
by working men of othor countries,
with bullota nnd shells from guns mndo
and tra»«iiortod also by working men
and women of other countries. Ho
wantod to know for what and why.
Had tho experience of thcao last few
horriblo years and tho many years of
Socialist education among tho working
class gono for ao littlo that they wero
dead to ony feeling of solidarity with
tho workers in EuBsia who woro fighting tho Sght of not alono their own
emancipation from cnpital!st exploitation and Its attendant miseries, bnt
also that of the workors of all other
countries. Ho Baid wc could not escape
our share of responsibility by any sophistical arguments, for the carrying
on of tho intervention in Bussia. And
whnt woro wo going to do about itf
Could wo all sincerely say we wcro doing our utmost to prevent this expedition? He thought not. Not by any
moans. Ho appcalod for a change in
tho attitudo of tho workors on this
question nnd called for a moro vigorous
opposition to it. It was mntter that
could only bo dealt with by tho whole
of the working class and tho truth of
It muat bo put beforo thom. Wo cannot sit quiet in tame acquiescence and
permit tho affair to go on, not oven in
the interests of (rado and commerce.
For wo will not livo by tho Russian
workers' death nor profit by thoir exploitation by foreign capitnl, nor sacrifice our class ideals for a fat pay envo
lope.
In closing ho said he had hopes, but
he was beginning to bo suspicious that
all waa not right with tho AngloSnxon
working class, Ho hoped events would
justify his hopos and not his suspicions,
New Pla*, and Press Is
Being I-^kVl to Meet
Increaset Vrculation
'-•S
Last week ther,,.;5ls a delay in
getting out tho Fod'erationist owing to
thc striko of tho job printers. Tho
week beforo somo littlo delay was occasioned through tho holidays. This
weok tho paper is out on timo. Tho
growth of the circulation, which has
mure than doubled in tho lost, six
months, with tho printing plant used,
has made it an increasingly difficult
mattor to got the papors mailed on Friday morning, especially on tho week
when thc Trades und Labor Council
meeting is held, which docs, not ofton
finish until nfter 11 p.m. Within tho
next month, howover, we shall, bo ablo
to givo FederationiBt readers bettor
aorvico than in tho past. A hew press
and stereotyping plant is being installed by tho printers of tho Fed.,
MessrB. Cowan & Brookhouse, in order
to copo with tho additional numbor of
papers. Additional mailers will also
bo employed, and when everything is
in ordor tho pnpers will all bo mailed
before 8 n.m. on Friday, and thoro
should be no noed for delay in tho delivery, unlcBB tho postal*- authorities
fall down or some unforeseen circumstances intorveno. Complaints as to
non-delivery of pnper will bo dealt with
immediately thoy are received, but
subscribers changing thoir addresses
should sond in their old, as well as thc
new address. A littlo patience will bo
rownrdod in tho near future by better
aervice, but phonomenal growth in circulation cnn only bo met nnd dealt
with as times goes on, nnd immediate
steps ennnot nlwnys bo taken to copo
with tho situation.    ,
NEW YEAR "HONORS"
Ai.ieuT.COt,
is Mtat A
Kmwretret fRMI
CROSS of *t.mi__<h_
Aaa at. qtoatt.
vIhiu * asit,-
Mil. uta re ^l
sATis-tn mra *
toammaa or nt
VICTORIA IDES
The Meat Cutters and Butchers
At the- Inst meeting of tho Meat
Cutters i-Bd Butchers Union, No. 643,
woro installed tho officers for tho ensuing six months, nnd a good number
of candidates wero initiated. Considerable business of intorest was takon up.
Tho butchers in genernl /are showing
more desiro for tho botter working of
tho organization, and nro determined to
show thot when disagreement arises, it
is tho employer that is to blame. Tho
next moeting is on Jan. 81. Mombors
sorvo thomBclves best by attending
overy mooting nnd keeping in touch
with what is going on.
No. 191 Boilermakers Elect Officers
The nnnunl olection of officers, Local
191, Boilcrmnkors, Victoria, took placo
in Labor Hall, Sunday, December 29.
Thore wns a largo attendance., Mr.
Woodward addressed tho meeting on
behalf .of the Tribune, and on a motion
by Bro. Lnmrick, seconded by J. Waters, tho local decided to take tho paper
"en bloc" for a period of throo
months." Tho olection results wore as
follows: President, T. Moir; vioc-prosi*
dent, W. Stevens; secretary and organizer, A. Stewart; recording secretory, J. Waters; treasurer, H. Prior;
trustees, D. Wood, J. H. Cormichael, A.
C. Curmichncl.
The body of Bro. Peters, who had
diod as a result of oxpoBure in tho Gold-
stream woods, was found on December
28, nnd was buried in Boss Bay cemetery, December 31, thero being a largo
representation of the local at the
funeral.
Business Agont A. Stowart reports
thnt the boilcrmaking Industry in Victoria is in a flourishing condition, nnd
thero was a difficulty in finding men,
twenty being wanted for tho navy
ynrd. "
Retail Clerks Seeking Saturday Half-Holiday Instead
of Wednesday
At tho last meeting of the Victoria
Trades and Labor Council, President
Dooley presided.
Credentials wero received from the
following organizations; Retnil Clorks,
Delegates Woodward, Mrs. Ellis, Mra.
Sutton, Grognn and Tuylor; Streot Railwaymen, W. Matthews, Robinson, Wost,
Campbell and Bell; Steam and Operating Engineers, Coleman; tho delegates
wcro Seated.
Secretary Sivertz reported that thore
wcro 29 organizations affiliated with
the council, with approximately 3021 of
membership.
The censorship protest mooting committee reported ull ready to hold a
mass moeting on Sunday, at tbo Columbia Theatre.
A delegation from the Men's Auxiliary to tho Great War Veterans Association, presenting the following resolution;
/ "Be it resolved, that this association
demands from tho Dominion government tho disfranchisement of all enemy
aliens, and that legislation ho forthwith onncted by parliament prohibiting
the immigration of nlien enemies into
the Dominion of Canada, and that naturalization laws bo changed so,thnt no
onemy alien can ever becomo a citizen."
Mr. Cross, of tho dclcgntion, triod to
show tho necessity of thc resolution;
tho dologation wore subjected to a severe grilling, nnd thc council informed
them that their ideas would bo considered.
from Fort William Trad.-s and Lnbor
Council, a resolution wis receivod protesting against tho increaso of tho
Kprthwost Mounted Police, as it wns
going to be used as a coorsivo forco
against lnbor. Tho resolution wa9 endorsed.
Tho Retail Clerks sent in n communication asking support of tho council in
an effort to "	
A Record Crowd Listened to
His Expose of Present and
Past Systems of Society
Judging fitm tho attendance at the
Rex Theatre meeting on Sunday last,
under tho uuspicos of the Federated
Labor Party, tho scare headlines and
fulsome lying of tho daily press of capitalism in reference to the internal af*
fairs of Russia and othor European
countries, is meeting with results entirely contrary to that which the aforesaid liars aad thoir instigators intended. Because qf tho frantic falsehoods,
so brazenly spread broadcast by tbo
press and othor prostitutos of tho ruling class in regard to tho Bolsheviki ot
Europe ahd elsewhere, it seems that (he
curiosity of the common people has
been splendidly aroused, and they are
not only anxious bnt determined to
find out the truth about n movemont
that has beon thrust to tho centre of
the world stago by the agencies of ruling class misrepresentation and downright lying. Not long sinco, tho German Kaiser was supposed to bo the
very embodiment of all evil. If wo aro
to believo one-hnlf of thut which wo
were assured by the press and spokesmen of capitalism, to be the solemn
truth about tho wickedness and peculiarly dovilish characteristics of the
Hohonzollcrn person, wo would certainly bo forced to tho conclusion that ho
had achieved tho well-merited distinction of having attained to tho very ultimate in wickedness. But now tho
Kaiser is practically forgotten. A now
goat haa been discovered by tho watchdogs of "liberty and democracy,"
upon which to saddlo thc sins **of mankind. The erstwhile wicked Kaiser
now gots a rest. The Bolshoviki is
found to be infinitely more wicked nnd
threatening to tho beneficent powers
tlmt bc, nnd that wisely rulo and guide
the common herd for its uplift and
beatification, than tho Kaiser ever
,,   ,  ...  ,..      dreamed of being.
k        . t  f w^l'^SrtJ And tho clatter and din raised by tho
changed from Wodn™dajr *o ftitnrday- LtorcmiA v..^.^ against'the pes-
tJ5%&?-7X_ t"£ «<«•■» Bolshevikif thaf would poLn
IS.
AI REX ON SUNDAY
ARE AROUSED
Protest   Meeting   Against
- Intervention in Russia to
Be Held Sunday
On Sundny at 2.30 p.m, in tho City
of Senttle thoro will bo a mass opon*
tir moeting called by the Seattlo Motal
Trades Council, tho central body, and
the Socialist locnl. Tho object of tho
meoting is to protest against any interference in the Russian situation. Efforts havo been mudo to secure a suitable hall in which to hold a meeting
of protost, but without avail, tho powers that bc having evidently tipod off
the owners of suitable plnces to refuse
te rent nnv hall for this purposo. As
a result of this attitude on tho part
of tho owners it has been decided to
hold an open air demonstration, and
It is expectod that thousands will bo
in attendance.
Botel Md MtMituit Employees
|i     Business   Agent  McKenzie,  of  the
Hotol  nnd  Restaurant  Employoos,  is
"confined to his *home, nnd it may bo a
.few days before he is able to bo around
■gain.   Following the successful dance
I. held on New Ycnr's Evo, it is intonded
to hold another of theae functions in
the near future.
A. S. Wells Will Be the
Speaker at Broadway
Meeting
Last Sunday, E. T. Kingsley spoko to
a record crowd at tho Rex. At 7.-40
p.m. the doors woro locked, os there
was no moro room. That tho working
class Is taking nn interost in the problems of tho dny, is fully proved by the
crowds that aro attonding theso meetings. On Sunday, J. S. Woodsworth
will speak nt tho Bex. His subject
will bo: "What We Want," chairman,
Mr. Nelson.
Thc Broadway meetings nro still be*
ing carried on, nnd on Sundny A. S.
Wells will bo the speaker. The party
s considering tho advisability of start-
.ng another down-town meeting to accommodate tho overftow from tho Bex.
Due notice will bo givon ns to tho timo
and place. On Wodnesday ovoning tho
party held a very successful whlBt
drive aud dance, and these social gatherings are to bo continued each month
throughout thc winter. Tho dnto for
tho next ono will be announced in a
fow days.
LONGSHOREMEN TO
HOLD A DANOE
Amalgamat'on of Two Locals to
Colobratod By a Social
Pnnction
Tho Longshoremen arc going to celebrate tho amalgamation of tho two locals by holding nn "Amalgamation
Dance," in tho Lester Court, on thc
29th of this month. The committee in
chargo is leuving no stop untaken to
make this dance n red letter event In
tho nnnnlB of this organization. Those
thnt hnvo in tho pnst attended the
Longshoremen's social affairs, will
have no doubts ns to thc success of
this one, if the past is anything to go
by, and if all reports arc truo, thon too
danco on tho 29th will be the best over.
Tickets cnn bo obtained from any of
thc officers of the organization, the
chargo boing (1.00 per couple.
Fifteen Asiatics Are Signed
Up for Local Built
' Ship
For four yours or over, tho Canadians
overseas were fighting for democracy,
and a bettor world, at least that is
what wo were told, In so far as Canada
has boon concerned, wo havo been in*
formed that tho shipbuilding pro*
gromme was to bc a groat boon to this
country. With ships built-on tho coeBt,
tho seamen have been looking forward
to somo benefits ns a result, but it
would nppenr that British, or white seamen, are not in demand. This week n
crew of fifteen has boen signed up for
tho War Chief, ono of tho freighters
built on this coast. There is evidently
uot sufficient seamen on this coast to
man tho ships that aro built hero, or
possibly there is not sufficient seamen
"cheap enough," na tho crow of fifteen
woro brought, hero from China. The
wages that these men nre to receive
nro such us no whito mnn would ship
for: First Chinaman, (40 per month;
second Chinaman, $36, and tho remainder, *25 per month. Evidently thc
"freedom of the Bens" nnd tho glory
of tho traditions of the British mercantile marine service is to be mnin-
tnincd by tho Asintics. "Blittania
Bulos tho Waves." This latest addition to the British merenntilo marino
waB brought here by tbe steamer Madras, which reeently nrrived here from
Eastern ports.
OFFICIAL RETURNS OF
CARMEN'S  ELECTION
The Old Officers Are  Re-elected  by
Large Majorities In accent
Elections
President, W. *H. Cojtrcll, 474; W.
Barker, 191. First vice-president, J.
Hubble, 354; E. Hicks, 138; T. Eccles*
ton, 72; P. Logee, 68. Second vice-
president, A. J. Harraway, 294; E,
Ponrson, 248. Recording 'secrotary, A.
V. Lofting, 889; A. Macduff, 248. Financial soorotary-buslnoss ngeijt, F. A.
Hoover, 435; E. S. Hougham, 223.
Treasurer, E. S. Cleveland, 402; H.
Birnio, 202. Second conductor, E.
Hicks, 174; F/. Pearson, 164; J. Johnstone, 123; E. Wedge, 70. Auditors
(throe to elect)— E. Kermode, 437; J.
Byron, 363; T. White, 837; A. J. Harraway, 277; E. Pearson, 20.1.
Trades and Labor Council dolegates
(eight to elect), F. A. Hoover, 495; W.
""   Cottrell, 484; J. Hubble,   415; A.
Censorship and Intervention
in Russia Is Strongly
Condemned
- ■ -il*....
Mothers' Pensions and Provincial Department of Labor
Are Demanded
The annual convention of the Alberta
Federation of Labor convened on Monday lust nt Medicine Hat, Alborta. President A. J. Kinney, who has been appointed as commissioner on tho Workmen's Compensation Act, presided. The
resolution of thc Vancouvor Trades and
Labor Council, calling for the cessation
of tho Allied intervention in Russia,
was endorsed unanimously. A resolution calling for an increase in tho
amount of alcohol in beer, ns passed at
the Quobcc convention of tho Trades
and Lnhor Congress of Cnnada, was defeated. A resolution calling for the establishment of a provincial department
of Labor, under a responsible minister,
was adopted.
Censorship
* A resolution denling with the censorship and banned literature, was introduced on Wednesday. This resolution
caused considerable discussion, tho resolution merely celled for tho removal of
tho restrictions, but an nmendment wns
made, giving thc executivo thc power
to call a general strike if tho ban is
not lifted within sixty days. After
considerable discussion, tho resolution
was referred back to the committee on
resolutions for nmendment, to make it
moro effective.
Mothers' pensions and many other
remedial measures wcro endorsed,
icngst which was tho provision in tho
Factory Act for a half holiday for all
workera each week. That child labor
exists, and that the factory act is not
enforced, was brought forcibly to th'
H,
Lofting, 397; E. Kermode, 374; E. S.
Cleveland, 352; R. E. Rigby, 394; J.
Price, 265; A. Mclnnes, 264; W. Barker, 240; P. Logee, 173; J. johnstono,
173; E. Hicks, 162; B. O. Davies, 138;
E. Pearson, 132; D. Eraser, 131; G. R.
Fcttcs, 106; W. E. Fonnoll, 104.
Delegates to Convention of B. C.
Federation of Labor (four to elect, W.
II. Cottrell, 407; J. Hubble, 280; E,
Kermode, 257; A. Lofting, 257; J. Hubble, 280; E. S. Hougham, 220; W. Barker, 161; R. E. Rigby, Mil; J. Price,
120; J. Johnstone, 117; A. Mclnnes,
113; J. Sldnwuy, 100; A. J. Harraway
84; E. Pearson, 77; E. Jackson, 57; J.
Anton, 47.
Elected by acclamation—First warden, B. G. Davies; second warden, R.
Anderson; Hirst conductor, J. Hendry.
Judgo of elections, H. S. Schofield.
■fellors—Prior Street barns, 8. A.
Wilson and J. McKinnon; Lulu Island,
G. Hnmson; North Vsncouver, R. M.
Viney.
United Warehousemen-s Association
A muss meeting of the nssociatlon
will bo hold on Friday evening, January 17, at 8 o'clock. A full attendance of the membership Is specially requested to assist in making thc
meeting a success.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Jnn. 12— Musicians,
Sawyers and Filofa, Saw Filers'
Association.
MONDAY, Jan. 13—Boilermakers, Htrnra Engineers, Electrical Workers, Amalgamated Engineers, ^Patternmakers, Upholsterers^ Ironworkers, Bakery
Salesmen. U. B. Carpentors No.
TUESDAY, Jan. li—Pressmen,
Barbers., A mnlgamat ed Car-
penters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15—Bookbinders, Boilermakers' Examining Beard, Metal Trades
Council, Laundry Workers, Hotel and Restaurant Employees.
THURSDAY, Jan. 16—Trades
nnd Labor Council, Foundry
Workers, Maintenance of Way
Employees, Painters, Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary.
FRIDAY, Jan. 17—Granite Cutters, Brotherhood of Railway
Cnrnfefi, Pile Drivers and
Wooden Bridgemen, Boilermakers' Executivo, Civic Employees, Molders, City Hall
Employees, Wareh,o a s e in e n
Minimum Wago Lengue.
SATURDAY, Jan. l-fc-BIaek-
smiths,
Discussion    of    Working
Class Problem Draws Big
Crowds  at  Royal/
The war has given an impetus to
history. Tbo necessity for war production on a gigantic scale haa speeded the
development of tho machine. Tho war
market has disappeared, millions of
men are being demobilized and will
again competo in tho labor market "for
jobs. Recall pre-war conditions with
its periodical panics, and even at tl\e
best of times its large armies of un-
mployed. Consider tho increased productivity of tho machine and how long
think you boforo thc markets of the
world aro glutted with every conceivable commodity. What has always
been the condition of the working class
when that has happened previously! If
you are interested in theso problems,
and you' should be if you aro a member of the working clasa, attend the
Sunday night meetings of thc Socialist
Party of Canada at the Royal Thoatre.
Comrado Harrington is the speaker
next Sunday. Doors opon 7.30 p.m.
Moeting called to order 8 p.m. sharp.
Questions and discussion.
Jack Kavanagh at Colombia
After turning hundreds away every
Sunday night at thc Royal Theatre for
tlie past six weeks, the Socialist Party
of Canada has decided in future to
run two meetings. For this purpose,
the parly has engaged the Columbia
Theatre, nnd, commencing Sunday, the
12th inst., addresses on scientific So
e'nlism nnd the many problems nffuct-
ing the working class cnn bo heard nt
this house.
Comntdo Knvnungh is the first
speaker to take the platform at thc
Columbin, and undoubtedly will put
forth the working class position in his
usual forceful manner. Doors open nt
7i30 p. m.. chair will be tnken at H by
A. McKenzie.
Thi' umml course will be followed
that applies at all meetings; when
the sinker has concluded, tho meeting
will he thrown open for questihns and
discussion.
attention of the convention, by specific
charges against a Redcliffo firm. A
committee wns appointed by the convention to take legal proceedings
ngninst this firm. Later tho committee
uhmitted a report which nstounded the
convention.
Mr. E. E. Roper, convener of tho
specinl committee, roported the action taken by tho committoe, and this
was endorsed by the convontion, but
the prosecution proceedings instituted by the committeo wore dropped
after a report from Delegate Russell
of Edmonton, which revealed a situation which amazed tho convention.
According to thc statements of Bro.
Russell, the justieo of tho peaco before whom the information wns laid,
was not only unsympathetic, but was
it was alleged, himself an employer
of child lnbor; the pnrcnts of thc
ehildren were acquiescent in the mntter. and tho other laborers were so
loath to give evidence that the committee anticipated great difficulty in
securing justice in the event of
bringing the caso to court. Tho superintendent of thc factory assured tho
eonvention that the children were not
employed In the factory on Wednesday.
A resolution promising the support of
the Federation to all members of the
working class, arrested or Imprisoned
for politicnl offences, wos endorsed by
the convention, as wns a proposnl for
the nationalization of the medical and
dental professions nnd hospitals. It is
expected thftt the convention will givo
its undivided support to the proposed
Western Labor conference,
changed from Wcdn™iajr «o Hatnrany. af „.,.,,, WAteh._oga against* the'pes-
A committee composed o   Dels.Woo* Bolsheviki? that would poison
«ard, Dakers and Mrs. Sutton was m-\ £ -
pomtodtov.sitthelmonstoplaeotho destroy all of that
ease beforo thom, and got tneir lup- L-,0'ot.,mollll,g oiviiUation that has so
rteommu.ication from the £» nXfit^K
Party of Canada condemning tho eon- ,.„. * J. b<;._ ,,(,», ,Mt
sorship regulattonj.wn.weivod, and j....^ o{'„„.„„, -na imp_aenHying
But all of
was unanimously endorsed by the council, and a motion to writo to Ottnwa
protesting against thc opening of mail,
and domnnding that it bo immediately
stopped, was also passed.
Tho election of officers wore deferred
to next meeting, Janunry 22.
Tha Blacklist
Local employment agencies arc busily compiling'a blacklist.     This, contains the names of .those that hnvo in  tiro nbscni
any wny shown so-called "Bolshoviki I shoviki bugaboo conjured up by the
.       ._ ..      _r_   ***. • i*    nin.n. nn_ nnn.Tnr. nf nfJi'nff rills.'  CVlI.
for now quite some weeks.
this noisy lying and frantic warning
ngainst the approach of ovil gees for
naught. The common herd does not
care worth a depreciated cent. Tho
eagerness 'with which tho workers and
other decent persons (if there nre any
such^gathei* to tho internntionnl situation, nnd tho avidity with which thoy
seize and nbsotb reading mntter floating therewith, clearly affirms tlieir en*
of fear regarding the Boi*
tendencies." No Bussians or Swedes
nro to bo' employed through these
agencies. Many will wonder if the
government employment agencies that
are to bc established, will also have a
blacklist, as it is well'known that some
kind of n blacklist is in operation in
connection with the Old Country bureaus. ,
Bilkers Union, No. 179
This union continues to incrcaso in
membership, and tho members aro
working harmoniously together. Tho
union pnssed a resolution to the effect
thnt all soldiers who desire to join shall
bo admitted for $2. Mootings 2nd and
4th Saturdays in thc month.
This   Dance  Is  to  Raise
Funds in the Defence of
W. L. Geofrdy ,
It is to be hoped that a large number of unionists will find their way to
the Dominion Hull, Pender Street, on
Monday evening and help make tho
whist, drivo and dance given by (he
Laundry Workers In aid of thc Goofroy
defense fund a big success. Every
preparation has beon mado t" handle a
good crowd and all are assured uf a
great time. Don't forgot to come
along aud bring your friends. Ladies
25 conts, and gents 50 cents. (Wnr to*
extra.) Whist drive at 8 p.m. and
dancing from it to 1.
Music will be supplied by Holdon'fl
orchestru. The total proceeds of tl'
dance will go towards the defense fund
oj W. L. Goofroy, n laundry worker
who wns convicted during the strike.
Evorybody come, Monday, January 15,
nny.'
pimps and pnnderH of ruling elas.i evil.
The Rex Inst Sunday wns fillod to
capacity ut 7.110 p.m.; 500 or moro
people were turned away. Mrs. Lorimer presided over the meeting. Whoa
she announced herself &b a "Bolshe-
viki," and with a husband and son in
the Canadian army at tho front, tho
big audience nearly raised tho roof
with applause,
E. T. Kingsley was the speaker of
the evening. He occupied an hour and
a half in pointing out the politicnl and
economic characteristics of the civilization of the last ten thousand years;
that such civilization had at all times,
„..d still is based upon the enslavement
of tho workers of the world; that all
social and industrial institutions aro
predicate! upon the enslavement and
exploitation of lubor nnd are maintained and safeguarded by the organized
brute force of the modern state. Tho
Bolsheviki movement of tho world that
in now frightening the rulers of nil
lands is but th" advance guard of tho
world proletariat thnt is coming into
its freedom through the overthrow of
the eupitnlist or ruling eluss state and
tho nictitation of product'on for the
uho of those who do the work, and tho
ending fur all time of the slavery lhat
has cursed the world fer the Inst ten
t-Jiousand years.
The speaker ul the Rex on next Sundav will be .1. K Woodsworth. Thoso
wh'o expect to get in will needs como
T*rly.
Job Printers' Dispute Was
Settled on Wednesday
Morning
Fatal Accident at Foudatlon Tarda
It is said that a period of peaceful
capitalist prosperity will kill and maim
as many a« a periodical wnr. The Victoria shipbuilding industry continues to
add to ita numerous list of killed and j wore reo-iving $29.6o'nnd
Tho Typographical I'nion wns diio-
tioasful in bringing about it settlement
•in the trouble with the job pr'nters on
Wednesday, The job un n will from
now on receive the gamo scale aa tlio
newspapoi- men. Tin- ttftiount of the in-
reuse is considerable, as  Ihe job men
injured workers. On Thursday, Junu
ary li, Alfred Reynolds, a member of
lflbfi, U. B. Shipwrights, died from in*
jures recoived whilo working at Point
KNice yard of the Foundation Co, Bro.
Reynolds in attempting to adjust a
cross-piece, was caught between the
heavy timbers uud was so badly erushed
about the head that he died on the wny
to the hospital. He was a resident of
Vietoria for the past ten years, was -15
yeurs of age, and was born at Tilbrook,
Lincolnshire, Kngland. Bro. Reynolds
was well-known and liked by alt who
knew him, being also for a number of
year* bnndmnster in the local Hnlvntion
Army band. Ho leaves a widow ana
three children.
wi
ll now'
The Ri-d Flag—Following Mclbourm
and Sydney, thc Brisbane Trades Hall
now flics the red flag at its mast-hi-ud,
$34.60, or li ri incrense of five dol-
lnrs per week. The agreement has been
signed by the officials of (he 1'r'nters'
Bonrd of Trnde and ull nfTiees thnt are
operated by members of the rmp'oycrs'
association are now working undir the
new scale.
Left for Chicago
A. J. Crawford, international executivo board member of the Sheet Metal
Workers, left for Chicngo on Thursday
to attend a board meeting. He expecti
to be nwny a couple of weeks or more.
Machinists 182. ,
Irfidge 102 of the International Association of Machinists met last oight
and the officers for the year IP19 were
installed. A lift of the office™ bal
already been published in the Fed, PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT. January », UU
Not how cheap
but how good
<
IT'S the extra strength in the metal,
the extra skill in the workmanship
that makes all the difference in the
world between a good machine and a
poor one.
That's the Twin Bute
Story
i
T'S the extra strength in the cloth,
the extra skill of Union workers, the
extra value in twin needle stitching, reinforced corners, continuous, rip-proof
pocket and fly facings and the extra
value in rivetted buttons that make
Twin Bute Overalls preferred.
Ton cu par lm
lot OTirtlli, hut
yea could not
get io much.
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
Makers of Twin Bute
Work Garments
WITH THE BOLSHEVIKI
BUSINESS MAN'S
PSYCHOLOGY
tBy R. Reynolds Ball]
I havo boen two years -in Russia, engaged in reliof work, I havo been in
Samara, in Moscow, on the western
frontier, iu Astrakhan and tho Caucasus, and quito recently in Petrograd.
From time to timo I havo been in relation with Bolshevik commissars, and
havo found thom well-disponed, and
rule, with a sense of their
Pattern Makers Union
Harrisburg, Pa.—Tho pattern makors
have finally succeeded in completing
their union and electing a full set ol
officers. Tho work of securing the organization required continued close application and much effort on the part of
representatives of that league.
Demand An Inerease
Pottsvillo, Pa.—Tho Unitod Browery
Workers aro demanding an inerease of
$1 a day. The request for tho increaso
is tho result of tho brewery companies
advancing tho prico of beer t)l a barrel.
An offer of $2 a woek was rejected by
tho workors.
ENTIRE STOCK OP MEN'S HIGH-GRADE
Suits and Overcoats
at TREMENDOUS REDUCTIONS
DURING THIS
JANUARY CLEARANCE SALE
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE JfflUR DOLLARS
I ARNOLD &QUIGL£Yf
"5Tie Store thats aluiays busy'
B46Granville St. 546.1
M»t UPSTAIRS CLOTHES SHOP
What's in i Name?
I. naamnt tk. ml "OnkWi"
mu taMUIli --r.ru--* Tu*
oetett ttt
Orpheum Cafe
mu. IM ttat wttai |Ue> tt trawl, ud ductal to tk* mln
DfU   to   Uf   time.      B1UM1 UlM
-mm to ▼aoo-nnr.
TM «a»TOlb      Om. Otftuaa
Umiu Se. 10-1TM
ORPHEUM
^THEATRE1 x
FLAYING OBPHTOM OTR-
QUIT VAVDIVILLI
Matinee...
Evening! .
 2:80
 8:20
SLATER'S
QUALITY, SERVICE, FREE DELIVERY
Cnnnda Food Board Ueonu No. 8*32774
FBESH MEAT DEPABTMBNT
Finest loci ltrab, .houlder.
per pound  - 85*A0
Legs, loo.l limb; Ib 87VI.
Loins, local limb, Ib 87Vjo
Stew,  local  lamb,   lb 860
Boiling Bunt, por lb- J»C
Pot Bout, per lb up SOo
FOBS SPECIAL
Fluent Pork shoulders, ribs,
35o lb• Saturday only ajy.c
Log oi Pork, por lb-- 90Y,e
Crlsco.  per tin  - 850
Tomatoes, large tint  200
Sunlight Soap, 4 lor  it.
Royal Crown Soap, 6 Ior Oft
Sardine,   a ior  Ole
Pork and Beans. 3 ior...- 250
Fry*. Ooeoa, 1 ior  4.0
PBOVISIOH  DEPAEIMENI
Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb Mo
Sliced Bonelett Bam. Ib MM
Sliced Ayrshire Boll,  lb SOe
Sliced Smoked Backs, » ....Me
BOOS—BOOS—BOOS
Alberta Cooking Eggs, do.en...J8o
Alberta Freeh Kggs, doson......78o
BOITBB—BVITBB—BUTTEB
Finest Mo. 1 Alberta, 3 lbs 11.30
Fino Alberta Butler, 3 ft... 11.1.0
Finest Ontario Cheete, per Ib 310
Finest  Pure Lard,   lb 35.
Finest Compound Lard,  lb SOo
Finest Beol Fat,   lb - 800
Finest Beef Suet,  lb _ 250
Finest Beel  Dripping,   lb 290
Salt Pork, per lb , 400
3--BIG STORES-3
123 Hastings Street East
830 Granville Street
3260 Main Street
Phone Sey. 3262
Phone Sey. 866
Phone Fair. 1683
WE DELIVER ALL OVER THE OITY AND SUBURBS
responsibility. I waa struck by the
fact that thoso in responsible positions
in HuBsia are mostly young men.
On tho western frontier, which I
visited at the end of May, the government was making uso of an existing
organization, the "Union of Towns,"
fer the reliof of refugees. Thirteen
thousand pooplo wero boing fod at
Orsha, and arrangements were being
made for tho supply of foodstuffs along
I tho whole western frontier from other
parts of Russia. Whother those arrangements havo boen projudicully af-
footed by tho Allied occupation I cannot say.
In Astrakhan the relief is being carried out directly by commiBsarB and
committees working undor a state -department. I visited, in September, tho
commissar in charge of Armenian affairs, who is also commissar (minister)
of tho interior in tho republic of Astrakhan. Six million roubles had been
assigned by tho central department in
Moscow for tho reliof of refugees in
Astrakhan and tho Caucasus. A commissioner had been sent into tho Caucasus to link up existing relief committees with tho stato department. A
sign that tho department was bent on
practical -measures of relief was tho
fact that thoy w,fro sending 30,000
yards of cloth into tho Caucasus for
tho Armenian refugees. By tho way,
I might mention that nn Englishman
working under tho Bolshevik rolicf department travelled with several comrados of the Red Ouard on a journey
of more than a week's duration in a
goods wagon bringing tho cloth from
Petrograd to Astrakhan.
On my roturn to England, I find that
there is a great discrepancy between
what my countrymen expect to hear
about Russia and what I can tell them.
Whero one iB expected to describe
scenes of bloodshed and riot in the
streets of Moscow and Petrograd I
saw no scenes of violence or disorder.
Tho extreme shortago of food makes
this somewhat remarkable. I should
perhaps qualify tho abovo statement by
saying that thoro was ooo disturbance
while I was In Moscow (I was there
from the beginning of May to tho middle of July), a disturbance occasioned
by tho murder of Count Mirbach by the
Social Revolutionaries, which was
promptly suppressed by tho Bolshovik
government.
As to personal safoty, I can only
say -that it was possiblo to travel unmolested from Moscow to tho southern
limit of tho Caucasus through Bolshovik torritory. It is truo that on my
arrival at Vladikavkas (August 18th),
two days aftor tho Bolsheviks had captured it from tho Cossaoka, there was
looting by Ingush tribesmen, but by
tho third day it was put down by tho
Bolshevik administration. On the
othor hand, tho only occasion whon I
was molested was on my return journey through a village belonging to our
Allies, tho Cossacks, whoro somo mountain tribesmen, allies of our Allies,
woro engaged in dragging a woman
out of tho village to shoot her.
It may bo urged that the preservation of public order signifies nothing
moro than the acquiescence in a roign
of torror by a frightened population.
In that caso ono would expect to flnd
signs of k repressive polico or unpopular martial law.
Since tho flrst revolution there has
boen ao police force; its functions have
now fallen to the Bed Guard. A little
less than a year ago tho Bed Ouard
was a body oontaining heterogeneous
and irresponsible elements. These aro
no longer conspicuous. Tho committee
system, whieh nroso in an army which
did not trust its officers, haB gono, and
officers promoted from the ranks havo
full authority and maintain discipline.
In fact, tho experiment of creating a
disciplined army without offending the
Socialist tomper of the soldier seems
to havo succeedod.
Tho differenco between tho Bod
Guards of nine months ago and those
of today -is vory noticeable in their
bearing. They now have tho air of
men confident in themsolves and their
cause, who aro conscious that thoy
share tho faith and aspirations of the
masses. The Bed Army, which is directed by tho commissar for war in
Moscow, is said to be a million strong.
Nino months ago a few thousand men
could with difficulty be scraped together from the highways.
It may be supposed that ordor both
in tho army and in the towns exists
only in certain special parts of Russia.
Bnt tho truth—not always known in
England—ib that from tho western
frontier to boyond tho Volga, that is
to say, over the greater part of Bussia,
there Is a federation of republics and
a uniform structuro of governments of
thoso names. In each thoro is a con-
tral Soviot, whilo in every town and
village thero is a smaller Soviot. Tho
professional classes, teachers, doctor*
chomists, etc., are represented by their
Souz or trado union.
Tho confidence of the population In
tho stability of tho government la
greator than it was earlier in the year.
Contrary to tho expectations, not
only of its opponents, but also of many
of Its supporters, it has survived tho
treaty of Brest-Litovsk, tho signing of
which has actually Increased Lenin's
prostlgo in Russia. Tho Czecho-Slovaks,
who wore carrying aH before thom in
tho-spring, hnvo rotreatod from tho
Volga Into Siberia, and Lenin's popularity haa greatly increased sinco the
attempt   to  assassinate him.
Thoro hnB lately beon something liko
a cult of Lenin.
Tho failure of all plots, of which
thoro havo boon plenty, to ovorturn
tho govornment, combined with tho
weakness of the Social Revolutionaries,
has mado it clear to the Russians, oven
if it Is not yot clear to ub, that thero
is, ftt present, ot least, no alternative
party.
Gorky has recognized this, and haB
joined lho government. Early in Octobor ho called a iwihs mooting in Petrograd in which ho appealed to tho
Intellectuals to join forces with tho
Bolsheviks. .Tho mooting had a great
succoss. In view of tlio facta of the
situation it is difficult to beliove that
anything short of intervention by foreign armies, which would involve the
occupation and garrisoning of  towns,
f both large and amall, is likely to upset
tho Bolshovik government.
Tho objection to tho Soviet system
likely to be most strongly hold by Liberals Ib that it is not democratic. This
is possibly truo, but tho Russians may
possibly argue that a labor qualification for the franchise is at least as
democratic aa a property qualification.
Tho Soviot government is an experiment, and to be blind to tho experimental naturo of revolution in itself ia
to misundoratand it. Just as it is a
mistake for us to wish to apply our
own constitutional precedents in
Russia, so it is a mistake to soe in the
Bolshovik application of Marxian doctrine tho experiments of more doctrinaires. Lenin is a doctrinaire in tho
full aonso of tho word; he novor relinquishes one lota of the pure doc-
trino, but he la a doctrinaire at bay,
and nover falls to uso an advantage
when circumstances offer. Such a
weapon, ready to tho hands of tho Bolsheviks, was tho Industrial Soviet bequeathed by tho revolution of 1905.
Tho experiment would have boon
crushed by tho constituent assombly,
which we now know was not wholly
representative of tho Russiian pooplo
bocnuso it was elected beforo tho re
turn of tho younger* genration from
tho front had remodeled tho old-fashioned parliamentary machinery In the
country. A parallel will suggest itsolf to many Liberals at tho present
time in tho recent election in England.
Tho constituent assembly would have
boon a reversion to tho parliamentary
typo of representation which offers no
attraction to tho rank and file of tho
Russian people. Tho Soviot gives them
that direct contact with tho govornment, an outlet for that spontanoity of
expression which thoy are accustomed
to in thc Commune. Tho Industrial Soviot is a spontaneous dovelopment in
a centro of industrial activity of tho
samo instinct for communal action
which finds its expression in tho Mir
and tho villago Skhod or mooting. We
English havo not tho instinct for meetings.
Tho most unforgottable impression
left by a year and a half in a Russian
villago is thc scone so conatanly witnessed in front of tho villago hall. An
apaprcnt pandemonium; all are talking
at once, no one apparently la listening
to what another says. And yot pando-
monium it is not:—a conclusion is
somehow reached. It can only bo interpreted as collective thinking. Sometimes- tho whole crowd can be soon
moving away at once to carry their
conclusion into action. It Is aa mysterious as a swarm of bees.
What a contrast to our ideally elected parish councilsl
Bolshevism rests on this instinet, and
it Boems to mo that In the absence of
it tho widespread fears of Bolshevism
in England aro idlo.
—Prom tho London Nation (Nov. 30).
Workers of England Demand Cessation of War
Against Russia
AHubIvo reports from the Old Country indicato a near crisis over tho letting of tho Albort Hall in London for
ttifi big Lab.or and Socialist meeting of
a month ago. This hall is perhaps the
finest and largest in London, and is
mostly devoted to gatherings of rank
and beauty. But Labor wanted it for
this occasion, and the directors decided
to refuse it—to exclude Labor from it,
and there was no other hall adequate
for its purpose.
'' Consider," the report states,
"what would havo happened if tho
trustoes had persisted in their refusal
with thr, total acqulesconeo of the government. On the following Wednesday, wo* the Victory ball at tho Albert
Hall—a gathering of tho clans of London wealth and society. There would
havo been no taxi-cabs and no buses.
Ne tube trains would have stopped at
South Kensington. Any attempt to restore tho olectrio ourront would have
plunged all Kensington into darkness.
It would have been a powerful demonstration; but It would havo been moro
than that. It would havo been a foretaste of the possibilities taht are lying
ahead—and that no wise man would in
vite."
It is evident that Labor threatened
to striko, to force tho lotting of tho
hall to it. It is a foretasto of possibilities, all right When Labor really wants
the squaro deal it can no doubt get it.
Of tho meeting, the Nation reports:
'' Tho tiudionco was more revolutionary
than the speakers darod to be. .
Any roferenco to diroct action botrayed
the Teal mind of the crowd. Parliamentary methods, such as Ramsay Macdonald offered, wore recoived in silence."
Formal resolutions wero listened to
with restraint. "Then came tho demand to stop our war against tho Russian Ropublic. Thoro was a pause,
thero wns a littlo hearty cheering,
which caught up liko heather alight,
which swept back and up to the galleries, and ended in a storm with tha rare
and unmlstakablo note of passion.''
Tlmei Axo Changing
Lob Angeles, Col.—This elty has
boasted of tho fact that It is an open
shop city whero tho newspaper editorials are inspired by the advertisements and tho advertlBerfl are controlled by tho merchants' and manufacturers' association, whoso only legitimate oxcuso for existence is to circumvent tho organization of labor
unions, incrcaso hourfl and reduco pay
of tho wago oarnor. Recently the workor has been aroused to tho danger by
which ho ia surrounded and is moving
along on safo and sane lines at a rate
of Bpocd hardly to bo bolieved by tho
doubting Thomases in and out of thc
rankB of organized labor. Tho fact haB
been brought home to the moro nstutc
businoss men of tho city that a |8 a
day worker Is moro profitable to tho interests of the city than a |3 a day
man; and also that tho Saturday half-
holiday has increased tho buying opportunities of tho wealth producer by giving them more time to mako thoir purchases.
Patronize Pederationist advertisers
. and toll them why you do so.
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
A good deal of nonsenso is often
Bolomnly utterod by Soialist speakers
and othor working class advocates with
regard to the '' capitalist bunch.'' They
are classified as bourgeoise and petit
bourgeoise. They aro often depicted
aa a sot of self-conscious hypocrites.
Frequently highly colored pictures are
drawn of the idleness and luxury in
which they livo.
Now as a matter of fact most of
those descriptions are second-hand, being borrowed from translations of European writers, some of them writing
of conditions thirty or forty years ago.
Certain distinctions aro considered essential to tho maintenance of "orthodox scientific" theories of social development.
Wo submit that thero is nothing to
bo galnod by maintaining arbitrary or
orronooos idoos. Wo have, for example,
in America no class corresponding to
the bourgeoise class of Europo. Our
" middlo class" occupies a very different position from what in Europe is
known aB the "middle clauses." Moat
of our wealthy mon havo not inherited
thoir wealth and by no moans livo an
idle, self-indulgent lifo. Thoy are, according to thoir light, highly estimable
citizens.
Tho rather crudo invoctivo with
which those "capitalists" aro assailed
haB not only tho effect of making their
minds to a still greater degree impervious to modern social ideas, but it also
prevents tho workers understanding
tho truo position of thoso whom they
regard aa "tho enemy" and hence
adopting the most effectivo form of
attack. Not infrequently tho mombors
of tho business and professional
classes aro as much tho victims of "the
systom" aB tho manual workers who
havo becomo "class-conscious."
' In the background of the minds of
tho majority of tho successful buainess
men of Canada thero in on old Eastern
homestead. Tho successful business
man may lunch at a high class club or
occupy a box at the theatre or spend
his vacations in Europo, but as a boy
ho '' did the chores,'' swam in the villago millpond, cut his namo in tho
desks of tho littlo rod school house and
genorally lived tho all-round democratic
lifo of a farmor's boy.
Thoso who havo como to Canada in
recent years, especially to Western
Canada, ofton fail to understand tho
Canadian lifo of a genoration ago in
which the mon past middle age were
nurtured. Agriculture .was ths predominant industry. Thore wero few
cities, and thoso small. Soeial prob
lems wore unknown. The virtuca and
vicea wero thoae of a aimplo individualistic type of society.
Tho labor problem was confined to
tho hired man and the hirod girl, but
as thore waa plenty of froo land tho
hired man soon took up land for himself. Aa thero waa a scarcity of women
the hired girl soon found herself in a
homo of hor own.
Flitting recollections of such a life
pass bofore the half-shut eyes of the
big business manager as ho rests in his
comfortablo leather chair after a heavy
day at the office.
In tho nearer background of his consciousness is the life of tho small town
in which he oxporioncod his early businoss struggles. Hero ho married and
set up his first home. Here hia chil*
dron had moasles and croup' and ho
know what it was to bo on friendly
terms with all sorts of neighbors. In
his buainoss, ho called most of his employees by their first namos and know
moro or less of their personal affairs.
There were fow poor In the town, and
thoy wero generally shiftless or addicted to drink. If a man didn't make
things go It was more or less his own
fault. Organized labor was unknown
and Socialism unhoard of. A few constables represented tho dignity of the
law and rounded up potty thieves and
disorderly porsons. Tho church stimulated men to overcomo tompationa to
appetite and to strive for a certain
type of personal goodness.
Since our successful business man
moved to tho eity and entered upon
larger commorcial and financial enterprises the life has been very different,
The greatest change lies in Mb Isolation from the common lifo about him,
His offices in the flne new warehouses
are open only to employers of the highest rank. He throws tho responsibility
for dotails upon managers and foremen.
He studios the rise and fall of markets
and analyzes costs. Only privileged
visitors get past the outer offices to
trespass upon his time. At noon ho
lunches at a high clasa club -with men
of his own group and way of thinking.
He drives his own car, bo he doea not
evon rub shoulders with the strap-hang-
era in tho street cars, His homo Is In
tho best residential district, whore
building restrictions are rigidly enforced. After dinner with guests of
hiB wife's "Bot" or circle he may accompany them to tho theatre. On Sunday ho and his family occupy a pew in
St. Mark's, where everything ia in the
bost of taato. His isolation is complote,
His class-consciousness assured.
Ho is kind-hoarted. Ho givos to tho
children's home, evon though ho protests againat mothers' pensions. Thia
is not rank hypocricy. His early childhood and tho villago life gavo him personal sympathy. But ho haB had no
personal experiences of the desperate
struggles of modern industrial life and
no cnHghtmenment with regard to
modern methods of social aervice.
He will send a Christmas basket to
a poor family at Christmas but ho will
fight valiantly againat organized labor.
Again the key to his action Hob in his
own personal experiences with their
limitations.
Ho thinks he knows tho problems of
labor becauso ho know hts father's
hired man or know hia mon in the littlo
town whero he began business twenty-
fivo years ago. Ho faila to realize that
just as his mahogany-finished offlco and
beautiful rosidonco differ widoly from
the old barn ln which ho forked back
tho hay or his little bedroom with the
rag carpot, bo an absolutely now world
has grown up about him.
Ho has depended for his information
on tho newspapers and on his subordinates, and they have made only partial
representation.
Ho has, he thinks, a mass of now
data, but the now data hns all boen
run into tho old moulds—tho moulds of
hiB porsonal experiences in a simpler
social state.
But la ho not a leador in tho nsw
industrial and commercial life? Undoubtedly, but ho has not seen tbat life
as a series of human relationships, but
merely from tho standpoint of dividends.
He thinks himsolf juat. He would
not commit a vulgar theft He would
□ot insult his neighbor's wife. He
dooi not realize that he is tho bene-
You will not
be "soaked"
_ So many pooplo neglect their
oyes oven when they know
thoy should havo them attended to—when they know
they should be wearing
glasses—because thoy aro
afraid they will be over
charged—and because of tho
uncertainty of the eost.
_ I want any of you union men
who feel that you may require
glasses—you or your wives—
to come in and lot me examine your eyes. Let mo tell
you what Is wrong—If anything—what It will eoat to
five you glosses that will
make seeing and living more
comfortable.
_ My optical service is tho
most efficient and tho most
reasonublo on tho coast.
Seymour 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Oo.
610 ORANVILLE STREET
Below Dryidale'f
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADU AMD LABOB OOUNOIL—UBBTB
Int Mi tkint Thursdays, ta-milw
baud: PrMtttnt, I. Wink; Tlw-pml-
dtat, J. Kevuttfh; letrflUrr ni kiitatu
4g«t, Y. B. UidiUr; tnyuir, f. Eaowlw;
■Mi-BHt'St'sr-M, J. F. PmU; (mun, J.
B. UeTttr, J. Hibblt, A. J. Onwtsri, W.
A. Pritek«4.
ALLIED  PRIDTWO TBADKH  OOU.VU1L-
KhIi iiMi Ussisj la tk* m»tk. Pr-iil
drat,  Om.  Bart ley; itsntur, It- H.  Mat
luda.  P.O.  B.i 66.
JOURMCTMBM BAKBIBB IMTKBMA-
tloatl Olios tf AmHh, Uul Mo. lit—
IfotU sc»Bd ud fonrth Ta-M-Uyi U tke
Month, Room SOS, Lsbor Tanpl-s. Prtaldeal.
0. B. HtrrlU; sttttisij, fl. H. Quit, 136
(hwbio Btroot.
BBUTHCBHOOD OP OABPBMTEB& LOCAL
Mo. 617—HmU sfSTf ••Had ud foartb
Ifoadtf sTonlir I a'alosk, Ltbor Tampla.
PrwUait, II. Mil suit; IumUI aaaraurr.
0. Thoa, • Duftrta Btmt Baal: raaordlaf
aaeretarr, J. B. Camp ball; kaalaaai ifut,
Waltar Tko«u. Boon 801 Labor Taapla.
Paoat Bay. 749S.
BROTHERHOOD Of B01LBB HAKEBB
ud Iroa Skip Bail-ion ud Holpars of
Amtrlaa, Vaataavar Lodfo Mo. 194—Maata
avary Hoaday, • p.m. Praaldaat, H. A. Mr
Eaakara, 1846 Afberal Bt.; aaaratary-traaa-
aw, Aagna Praaar, 1161 Hawo Bt,; baalaaaa
agent, L. Cammina, Boom 318 Labor Taapla
HOTEL AND BESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Loal 36— Maata amy drat Wadaaaday ia
tba moath at 3.80 p.m. aad ovary third
Wadaaaday ta tka month at 9.80 p.m. Preaident, Harry Wood; aeeretary and business
agent, W. llackaaale. Room 808 Labor Tempi*. Fkeaa Boy. 1681. OBoa heart: 11 lo
18 noea;  t  to 6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL OMIOM OP STEAM AMD
Operettas Eaglaeera, Loeal Mo. 680—
MeeU every Monday, T.SO a-m., Labor
Tempi*. Proeldut, J. B. Flyaa, 810 Moodle
etreet, Mow Weetmlaater; rlee-preoldaat, D.
Bedcea; aeflratary-treuarer ud baalaaae
agent, W. A. Alosuder, Boom 819, Ubor
Tempt*.    Phoae Bay. 7496.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL MO. 318
—Meeta ln Room 205, Labor Temple,
overy Monday, 8 p. m. Preaident, H. Borneo,
1168 Powell atreet; recording aeeretary, W.
Poulkea, Ubor Temple; financial ateretary
and bnalneaa agent, E. H. Morrlaon, Room
207, Labor Temple; Militant iecretary, F.
R. Bnrrowa.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
■oelatlon, Local 8863—OBee ud haa 804
Pander Strati Waat.   Maata Int and third
Friday*    8    P-m.     Secretary-treae-arar,    •.
Tkomaa; bnaineai agent, A. HU1.
AMALOAMATED MEAT COTTEBB AMD
Bntahor Workmon'a Oalea, Ma. 948—MeaU
Int ud third Taaadaya of eaeh month,
Uhar Tomple, 8 p. m. Prealdeat, Chaa. P.
Hoggin*;  recording aaantary, JT. Baauaan;
__ ■_.. -Mntavw ud bulnaaa ageat, T. W.
587 Homer atreet.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vuwnvtr ud rieialty)—
Branch meat* second ud foarth Moaoays,
Boom 804, Ubor Tempi*. Praaldant. J.
Bufortk, Eoelld Are., Colllngwood Eaat;
financial aocrotary ud bnalneaa agent, H, B.
Nlgkuealea, 379—66th At* Eaat, Boath Tu-
couTer; recording aeeretary, I, Wettmor*-
lud, 8347 Point Orey road. Pkoa* Bay-
view 3979L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RI0GER8 AMD
Faateners, I.L.A., Local Union 96A, Berlee
6—MeeU Ihe 3nd ud 4th Friday* of tho
month, Ubor Tempi*, 8 p.m. Praaldant. J.
M. Boolt; flaanelal iecretary, M. A. Phelpa;
bulnaaa agent ud eorraapondlng aeeretary,
W. Ua. OMee, Room 219-980, Ubor
Temple.
BTREET AMD ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM
ploy***, Pioneer Dlvlalon, Mo, 101—Meeti
Ubor Tempi*, aecond aad fonrth Wadaaaday* al • p.m. Preaident, W. H. Cottrell;
treuarar, E. 8. Cleveland; recording aeeretary ,A. Y. Lofting, 8661 Trinity atroet,
Pkone High. 168B; Inanelal iccntary and
bnalneu agent, Fred. A. Hoover. 1409 Clark
drive, alee eorner Prior and Main atroeU
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND CHAUP-
foure Union, Local Ne. 655—Meete every
Snd and 4th Wedneadaya 8 p.m. Preildent,
W. M. Brown; hnclneaa agent, F. Haalett,
125—15th Ave Eaat; phone Fair. 2109X.
Financial aeeretary, Birt Showier, 1120
Kobaon St.} phone Sey. 5679. OBce, 687
Homer Street.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, Mo. »9—MeoU
laat flnnday of eaeh month at 3 p.m. Pnaldent, R. Manball; Tiee-preoldent, W. H
Jordan; aeoretary-treaanrer, R. H. Neelanda.
Boa 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FIDIB1T10K OF LIBOR— H..U It
.nnn.1 MnVHtlon la -Tkauftrr. Et«-Mllvt
offlo.il, 1818 1»: Pre.ld.M, Dbic.ii UoOal*
lorn, Labor Tempi.. Vusoavor* vto.-prs.l-
d.nts—Tsnwilir Island. WaJur H«.d,
South W.iUaft«B', Victoria, J, Tarlar; Prise.
Rupert, W. B. Thompson; Van*....., I.
Winds, W. B. TrotUr* Hem W-atmlnst.-*, V.
Peebles; West Koot«n.r, Vaieu Uartln,
Nelson; Grow, K.st Pus, W. A. Sherman.
Feral*. BMrstefT-trouanr, A. B. W.1U-
Labor  Tempi., 406 Dansm-Ur etreet,  Tha.
0MSVM.   B.   0.
T1OTOBIA, 1. 0.
VIOTOBIA AND DISTBIOT TBADBS AID
Labor Counoll—Heels Irst ul third Wed
oesders, Knlfbt, of Pjl.lu Ball, Korth
Park street, tt I p.m. Prtaldtnt, B. Sim*
mont; TiM-presldett. T. Dealer; eeereUrr*
trifturer, Obriltltn Sl.ertt, P. 0. Boi 109.
Vlttorit, B. C.	
soura wiLumTOM. v. r.
LOOAL ONION, N.. ITI, 0. II. W. ol A.*-
Meets Irst Bandar In mrr month I pja.,
Blihtrdi latt. Pretlltat, Jt,. Btumta;
Tltt-prtildtat, Andrew Pttker; rteeedlm
eterelarr, Jaa. Fearon; Intaeltl ewe-Mur,
Wllllaa Mt.Don.ld; tniturer, J. H. Btai
trdaaa.
Twenty-seven por cent, proflti during war time la, according to a recent
oditorial In the Moobo Jaw Time*, another czamplo of tho handaome divi-
donda which accrue to the Ogllvta Flour
Mill, Company.
llciary of a systom that la dc-rmd!n-(|
womanhood and crushing out manhood.
Can ho be made to understandf
Splendid
Silks
In Crepe de Chine few store*
attempt to cany so many
different grades. We have
them all.
And, furthermore, each k
the best quality obtainable
at its prioe,* beoause we import direct.
There is a choice of 25
shades and tints; all 40 in.
wide, at $1.60. $1.70, 93.25,
|2.75, $3.25, $3,95 per yard.
Georgette Orepe
Splendid quality, durable, beautiful and Arm of weavo. Wa
havo a ehado to match alraoat
any gown or costumo; 40 Inchei
wido; per yafd, $2.26 and tUO
Saba Bros.
Limited
~he Silk Specialist!
682 GRANVILLE STBEET
Excelsior Laundry
Limited
554-556 Richards Street
Vanconver
Drop Calls can be made
after hours
J. F. BURNS
Leather Goods Store
LadlM' Hand Bags a Ipedalty
All Kinds of High Ond*
Travailing Qoodi
Ut QBANVn-LB STBEET
Phone Say. SIM   Vaneouvar, B.0.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
-TWIXTS nw TAB1BB-
(lnatwl.k-Bilki OoUsnder Oo.)
—■ladtiamra far ValM Haa—
Ualta-aadt   T.kattat,   Olfnrt   and
Olfanttae
Otl*- WUta Belt lasfltitd
42 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Halting, stmt Waat
OIiELAHD-DIBBLB EMOBAV-
nra COMPACT
FBOM IMBAVBBS — OOM___BO__X
ABTISTS I
Phon. 8.m.nr 7161 I
ttlrd nn.rjf.rld BtlldUii
VAXSObTM. B. 0.
—Th. only Union Bhop la T.neetrw—
CENTER & HANNA, Iii
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
10*8 OEOBOIA STBBBT
Om Bleak west of Court Hou*.
Uie ot Modern Chapel and
Funeral Farlori free to all
Patrons,
Telephone Sermonr Mil
<5el
Jbff-wntjobc
acal
THL LONDON GRILlf
7V.;   HOHSON SI       il
Patronito   1-MaraMonlat   tdvertie
and UU than irhjr you do to. I   iimi
Li
ommu raraa taboo-otbb
tlADII  ID  LABOB   OOOTOH,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL  FiPBB
mu FBSBianoa oi uaoa
3
ELEVENTH YEAR.  No. 2
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B, C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 10,19i9~
Unionism Means
EFFICIENCY
•I The Union principle stands for efficiency and a
uniform standard of quality in workmanship, as
well as in wage. The public is asked to look for
the Union Label which guarantees this quality.
Union workmen demand quality. In no product
is it so essential as in dentistry. "Cheap" dentistry is generally worse than no dentistry at all,
because it covers up decay, and because clumsy
workmanship in the mouth will bring on serious
trouble there. My prices are uniform, my materials are thc best money can buy, and the workmanship turned out here is guaranteed to be the
" very best. All my work is warranted for quality and durability.
_ Uniformly efficient dental aervlee at
uniformly fair fees. Thia ia my
proposition.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Pine Dentistry
HASTINOS AMD ABBOTT
29th Anniversary Sale
HEN'S SUITS—Special lines of Men's Suits at ?14.75 and
$21.75.
OVEROOATS-Special, $9.75, $18.75 and f21.75.
These aro great values as goods and prices go today.
BOYS' DEPABTMENT-Special lines of Coats, Overcoats
and Suits at big reductions.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
BOYS- AND MEN'S OLOTHINO
309-316 HASTINOS STREET WEST UNION STOBE
_=
THE BEST UNION-MADE FOOTWEAR you can buy will be
found at this store.
Mr. Union Man, you are doing yourself a good turn by buying union-made Footwear at a Union Store.
Our display of Winter Footwear for Men and Women is
well worth coming to see.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
.666*GRANV11XE STREET
"TANOOWEB'S ONLY UNION SHOE STOBE"
tteA Ont Flowon, rmeral Dwlias, Waddiof Bo-nqutt, Pot Plantf, At-
nunenul and Bhad* Tim, latta, Belbs, TltiUrtt' Indite
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
rLOBIBTI AND HVUBmOn
8-8TOBBS—I
M Haitian Streot Bast, Ny. man — 7M Otao-fUlt Stmt, ley. ell*
10% OFF TO ALL SOLDIEBS AND THBIB FAMILIES
Your face is different from every other face
I recognlee tbls fact whim doing dental work. By my individual
methods I restore to yonr face Its natural expression.
My methods fill out thc Bunken chocks caused by missing teeth—
rcstoro the natural contour—obliterate tho linos roiyilting from
lost teoth—mnko your faco as well bh your teoth what it was intended by Nature to bo.
Call on mo and lot mo personally explain my methods—show you
tho pleasing results of my work.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St W. Oor. Seymour It
Offlce Open Tuosday and Friday Evenings Until 8 o'clock
X-R.y fllm.  '.ken;  10-yeer
gu.ra.tee    giYtsn;    Victory
Bends   t.ken   la   exchange
ler DenUI Work.
Thtn. Sajnrar 8SS1
T. B. HILL
CLEARING UP SOME ODD LINES
This is "House Cleaning Time" with us and the
following prices show that we intend to make a
thorough job of it:
Wo have about 100 Boys Suits—odd lines—values to $12.50.
Clean-up price  $6.85
76 Suits, values to $14.00, at $8.85
75 Suits, values to $17.50, at - $13.50
100 Men's  Suits—odd  lines—values  to  $27.50.    Clean-up
priee ••• $18.85
Three dosen grey   heavy  Jumbo   Wool   Sweaters;  regular
$12.50, at $8.85
Men's Work Glovcs-*horsehidc and pigskin; reg. $2.50..81.95
Men's Horsehide Gloves; reg. $2.00, at $1.35
Men's Mule Gloves; reg. $1.00, at 50^
Men'a Heavy Rib Underwear; reg. $2, olean-up price...S 1.25
The above are real bargains.
T. B. HILL
117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
STATE IU 6
Tl
ARM
PATRONIZE B. C. FEBERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Socialist Philosophy Based
on Materialist Conception of History
Social Ownership of Means
of Wealth Production
Means Happiness
The many Utopian schemes labelled Socialism floating about In the
minds of numbers of those people interested in the problems of social
life ore misleading and have a tendency . to dishearten the genuine
searcher after a solution that Is In
harmony with evolution, and have a
material basis upon which to build
the society that will replace the present.
These fantastic schemes, such as
"State Socialism," Municipal Socialism," "National Guilds," "Fabian"
free thought Socialism, and the many
more or less step by step to Socialism
fallacies are completely out of joint
with the evolutionary process that in
our present society, aa in all those
of the past, Is controlled by the economic forces of production.
Socialism can never come by ' the
gradual extension of state ownership
or municipal enterprise. Such a process merely strengthens the stranglehold of financial interests, and can
never lead to a form of society dealing out economic quality, which is
the only thing worth striving for, as
when the individual's needs are assured lt enables him to live a fuller
life freo from the anxieties of a system such as our present, that never
has, and never shall bo able to assure to every unit the essentials of
life.
Tho All-Powerful Economic Factor
We as scientific Socialists base our
theories upon the evolutionary process controlled by material conditions
the most powerful, of which is -the,
oconomic factor, recognising that the
problem of food, shelter and clothing
in ail forms of society has dominated;
emotionalism and humanitarian ideas
for reconstruction of society have
their basis in the brutal conditions
caused by economic Inequality, but
auch Ideas are of no valuo and can
never be of any use as a basis upon
which to construct society.
A study ot the past reveals tho fact
that the economic in all its phases of
society has been the basis upon which
waa built the sooial Ufe of the community. The social superstructure,
ethical, legal, religious and the
ideology generally, have been but a
reflex of economlo conditions, that
has always controlled, is controlling
today, and will in the future, the aspirations and outlook of humanity.
The economlo basis of our present
system dominates the mental outlook
of the community, many being forced
unconsciously to adopt a physchology
in antagonism to the system, Instinctively they act In opposition to economic forces that have grown out of
Joint with the conditions created by
those forces. They havo a vague unconscious fooling that tho superstructure or environment does not
harmonise with the economic, and
are forming within the shell of the
present form of society th© germ of
the Ideology of the new.
The Errors of the Past.
This unconscious ideology ia but
the reflex of the oconomio development that has taken place during thc
past one hundred years. Our Industrial system was based upon Individual liberty, a revolt against tho State
control, or rather, curtailment of industrial enterprise. As the system developed the individual has had to
moro and more merge his Isolated
activities in that of his follows,
whether employers or employed. The
extension and development of the
world's markets has forced the individual capitalist to comblno his
capital with other capitalists, leading
to tho formation of tho Joint stock
companies, in which the owners are
parasites pure and simple, living
upon the interost of thoir capital,
without performing any social function. The workers in these big Industries liavo evolved into automata. In
tho early stages of tho systom the
skilled worker predominated, but as
the systom evolved ho has gradually
boen replaced by unskilled machine-
minders as tho tools of production
became moro porfectod. Tho evolution
from simple production to meet homo
consumption with comparatively a
small surplus for oversea markets,
has led to all fully devoloped countries depending more and more upon
tho world's markets to dispose ot
thoir surplus commodities. A production of commodities for the social uso
of the human race in all parts of the
globo, socially produced In tho big Industrial centres, nnd distributed hy
the collective worker in the Joint
etock railways and shipping companies, produced by tools nnd distributed by transport not socially owned
but owned and controllod by a diminishing number of parasitical shareholders.
Tho Problem to bo Solved.
Thla Is the economic antagonism
that requires solving. Social production for social use by tools individually owned. State Socialism or ex-
tension of municipal enterprise are no
solution of the problom. They are not
oven palliatives, for If put Into force
would still leave the financial capitalist astride of tho community, and "«>
workers compelled to grind out surplus profits to pay Interest upon loans
•raised to pay off the owncra of tho
Industries. ,.       ,K
Wo have no reason to believe the
Co-operative Commonwealth will oe
brought about by peaceful n>*-*ns*
The capitalist class will fight hard to
maintain their control of both tne
economic and political power, bat
must eventually be beaten in the
struggle with the only elaM below
them-I h« working class. The economic contradiction of private ownership and social production is the point
around which the struggle will centre.
The harmonising of this contradiction will place the land and tools
of production under social ownership. Whilst the struggle continues
It will be a working-class dictatorship, but when ended the society that
will eprlng up will be a society freed
(mlTnSt")      ll-N PER YEAR
A NEW ELEMENT IN
BBITISH LABOB SITUATION
Shop
Be   the
Steward   System  to
Ueaos of Gaining
Control
The British Labor Movement faces a
serious crisis, in the opinion of Q, D.
H. Cole, one of the leading experts on
British labor probloms. Writing in a
recent number of Tho Dial, Mr. Colo
statos that the.war has brought into
ozistence a now element, tho shop
steward movoment, which threatens to
revolutionize tho old standards of
trade union organization.
The Shop steward movemont, in tho
opinion of Mr. Colo, provides a machinery "through which trado unionists can hopo, by gradual extensions of
their powor, to assumo control in tho
workshops." Mr. Colo tolls that tho
trado unions are very barely prepared
to take this step. Howover, he insists
that whorovor tho movoment haB gained strength "tho samo far-seeing
stewards are boginning to work ont
tho immediate problems of control"
NATIONS IN BLINKEBS
Mr. B. Beynolds Ball writOB to tho
London Nation on his two years experience in Bussia, where he was engagod
in relief work. He is one of the increasing band of finer spirits in all
countries who are daring to protest
against the damnable lies manufactured
by governments and press against Bussia. "On my return to England," he
writes, "I Ind that thore iB a great
discrepancy betwoen what my countrymen expeet to hear about Bussia and
what I can toll them." He had boon
all ovor Bussia, "in Samara, in Moscow, on tho wostorn frontier, in Astrakhan, tho Caucasus ,and quito recently
in Potrograd." Ho was struck by the
fact that thoso in responsible positions
wore mostly young men, aU woll disposed and with a duo senso of thoir responsibility.
Tho western frontier wa eorganized
by Bolshovik' commissars for the reliof
of refugees. "Thirteen thousands pooplo were, being fod at Orsha, and arrangements wore being made for thc
supply of foodstuffs nlong the wholo
western front from other parts of Bussia." But he was afraid theso arrangements would be prejudicially affected
•by Allied occupation. "Six million
roubles had beon assigned by the central department in Moscow for the relief of rofugoes in Astrakhan and tho
Caucasus. Thc same department had
sont 30,000 yards of cloth to the Armenian' refugees, and an Englishman
working undor the relief department
travelled with sovoral comrades of tho
Bed Guard on a journey of moro than
a week's duration in a goods wagon,
bringing the cloth from Petrograd to
Astrakhan."
A governmont sail for voluntcors to
join this Englishman in the work of organizing a now and bettor domocracy
prosonts a contrast to its .expeditions
of machine guns and bayonets. To tho
objection that tho Soviet system of
govornment is not democratic, he coun*
tors with the argument tbat "a Labor
qualification for tho franchise is at
icast as democratic as a proporty qualification." This suggests a now plank
for tho platform of our Labor Party.
A Labor frnnchiso qualification would
bo educative, at least, and might shorten tho spectacle of tho seduction of
tho Labor voto by lawyers, politicians
and grafters.
Personal safoty, ho states, was secure
in Bolshevik territory. "Tho only oo-
casion when I was molested was on my
roturn journey through a villago belonging to our Allies, the Cossacks."
Tho confidence of tho population in
tho stability of tho governmont is
growing. "Tho professional classes,
teachers, doctors, chomists, etc., aro represented by their Souk or trado
union" in tho government. Lenino is
becoming a cult. And it is clear to
thoso who know that thero Ib no alternative government to tho SoviotB.
"Gorky has recognized this, and has
joined tho govornmont. Early in October ho called a mass meeting in Potrograd, in which ho appealed to tho Intellectuals to join forcos with tho Boi*
shoviks. Tho mooting had a great success."
It would seem that tho Allies In the
war for Democracy havo got moro Democracy than thoy bargained for, and
deep down iu tho hearts of our reactionaries is a wish to roplaco the Czar
nnd Koiscr on their thrones, if they
could. Tho sending of armed expeditions to Russia, and tho concealment
nnd poisoning of tho truth by press
censorship nro damning facts. Tho people must not soo or honr what Is beinc;
dono. Their hcadB must bo encased
In blinkers, nnd their view confined to
Ihe dusty turnpike. Tho fair scenery
nnd dclectnblo pastures ore not for
thom. And now wo aro told from the
Old Country, "tho press Is boing appealed to, in tho namo of tho primo
ministor, to avoid all speculation in or
discussion of tho terms of peace." Blin*
korod children that wo aro, poaco or
war, It is nono of our business, any
way.
SOWING THE WIND
E
The Frame-up on Mooney
Has Become a World
Issue
Mooney Speaks Through a
Thousand Avenues to
the Workers
Littlo did the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce suspect that the dea
pcrato effort of their million dollar
"Law and Order Committee," organized in 1910 to destroy the labor movement of San Francisco, would result in
cementing the solidarity of labor's
forces far beyond the boundaries of
California, even of tho United States,
aye, to tho ends of tho earth.
The "frame-up" on Mooney and his
co-defendants has become a world
issuo, and the insistent demands for
justice has become a rallying point
around which surges the flowing tide
of labor's growing voice. Not alono
in the groat industrial centres of the
world, but on the very frontiers of
civilization whero the white man
mingleB with other races, "The Mooney
Case" stalks like an ominous Frankenstein threatening to destroy belief
in the courts, thoso solemn institutions
which tho overlords of soeioty have
chosen to surround with a halo of semi-
sacrednoss, in order that the masses of
men may not scrutinize thoir inner
workings too closely.
Times move and wo movo with them!
Americans, that is, those Americans
who think and feel liko human beings,
who are not satisfied merely to browse
like cattlo on straws from the capitalist trashing machine, find thomsolves
forced to adopt thoir own moans to
establish justice where courtB have declared themselves bankrupt.
Tho trial court presided ovor by
Judge Franklin A. Griffin, the only
court that heard the evidence, has declared that the court was imposed upon
by fraud and perjury and therefore the
Moonoy vordict Bhould not stand. The
Appellate Court, the Supreme Court of
California, and the Supremo Court of
tbe United States do not do deny that
thero may havo been fraud or perjury
used, bnt it Is their contention tnat as
long as none of the sacred rules of the
law books were violated relief could
only bo afforded by tho exercise of the
royal prerogative of a pardon.
Tho governor of California commuted death sentence to life imprisonment, a crowning act of stupidity and
injustice.
Littlo did tho corporate interests of
California realize that Mooney in his
Returning
Soldiers
should ask their comrades,
especially those who have been
attached to the construction departments, as
to tho best tailoring outfit in Vancouver, and
they will bo told, nine times out of ten, the
"Ii. O."—because the B. C. haB been in bust-
ness in Vancouver for ten years, doing a big
business with men who work and who want
good clothes, well-fitting clothes, and clothes
that will wear and look well for years,
Suits and Overcoats mado by the B. C. Tailor
ing Co. are genuine from start to finish-
thorough in' all respects—and B. C. prices are
always low. A fair prico for a good article.
The B. C. haa a special cutter—a man of
great experience—for the Ladies' trade. The
latest Fashion books are ready to hand and
correct.   Style is absolutely guaranteed.
SUITS
For MEN, For WOMEN,
$35 up      $45 up
The B.G. TAILORING GO.
Custom Tailors to the Working Man
128 Hastings St. East **** rs__-a _m__
living tomb speaks now with a thousand voices whore he had bnt one before, ij
Little did they realize that labor for
its own protection must prevent the
establishment of legal precedents,
which if allowed to remain, will make
unsafo thc life and liborty of any
champion of labor's cause, as long as
unscrupulous men with money enough
to hire perjurers can get away with a
frame-up.
Labor's political power iB at present
undeveloped—-until labor learns to develop a powerful press of ite own that
condition will remain.
While labor papers may educate one
man to use his ballot intelligently, tbo
millionaire-owned big dailies will miB-
educate ten.
But Labor's oconomic power is absolutely unquestionable. It is in the
hands of labor itself. If organised on
definite clear-cut lines, voicing aa in
a trade movement for hours, wsges or
shop conditions, the opinion of the
rank and file, co-ordinating their activities through tho instrumentality of
central and national bodies, there eon
bo no doubt of its efficacy.
It is to secure tho expression of
lnhor on how to best combat the now
peril tbat confronts labor through the
judicial approval or indulgence in tho
Afooncy frame-up that a conferonco has
been called for January 14, 1019, in
Chicago.
The "call" has gono forth to local
unions, central labor councils, state
federations and internationals. No
labor man with his ears to thc ground,
listening to the approach of coming
events, eon afford to ignore the most
democratic movement ever concoived
in tho history of America. He Bhould
insist upon having his own voice heard,
through instructed delegates if need
be, thus picking up the gauntlet of big
business and flinging it back in their
teeth.
Want An 8-Hour Day
New Orleans—A new wage and work*
ing agreement has been presented to
tho employing bakers by representative
of Bakery Workers Union No. 35. It
calls for eight hours and time and a-
half for overtime. As the trade is well
organizod, little opposition is anticipated. Tho minimum wage is $22 snd
the maximum |39.
Mew Cooperative Store
Doniflon, Tex.—Tho Co-operative Buy-
ors Union store has opened for business.
The stock of thc now venture will bo
in tho hands of members of tho various
unions. It starts with a capital of $10,.
000.
from class distinction, un environment freed from the sordid, grasping
snobbery of our economic system of
get rich quick. An environment thai
will raise humanity, give It a noblor
outlook, freed from tho brutalizing Insecurity of a systom (hat requires for
lta continuance tho prop of an unemployed army of workors as a standing menace to thoso In employment.
A Happier Futuro for Humanity.
Buch Is our objective. Wc cannot
fill In the details. We know, however,
that the foundations of all past societies, and our present, have been economlo, and that tho social life of tho
community is the reflex of the economic. Alt the economic forcea of all
phases of eocl-t.ty aince thc advent nf
civilization has been privately owned
by a minority, thus leading to a degrading dependence by tho majority.
We feel certain therefore, that the
ssclal ownership of the means for
producing the essentials of life will
lead to the raising of a social superstructure, that befogged as we are
mentally by our degrading capitalist
socioty, words fall to convey any Idea
of the glories of life in such an environment.—J.M.G., Jn the "International."
Patronise Federationist   advertisers
and toll them why you do so.
Kneading 1000 Loaves
In Less Than 15 Minutes
From the old - fashioned
spinning wheel to the modern loom turning out its
yards of cloth was a big
stride in progress. Just as
in the last few years scientific machinery in the modem bakery has so reduced
the cost of bread that home
baking is no longer economical.
Above wo. show ono of our battery of mixing machines that
turns out 1000 loaves in less than
15 minutes. Compare this with
the housewife toiling over her*
batch of four loaves. Thus it ia.
possible for you to buy Batter's*,
bread at thc Bamc price il sold for*
18 months ago, though flour*,
wages, sugar, etc., havo fill great*,
ly increased in price since th-en.
Practice Economy—Buy Bakers' Bread
SHELLY BROS.  LTD.
Phone Fair. 44 *—
m
PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...Jaminijr 10) Mlt
IB. C. FEDMNISI
•fifcllshad rusty Friday morning by ths B 0.
it m<
iiit.
r«d*rationist. Limited
JL S. Weils...
...Manager
C-fllce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmair St.
Tel. fixchftngd, Beymour 7495
Aft.-r 6 p.m.: Boy   7497K
Hub«crii.tioii Rates: Unlt«d States snd
PoN-ign, |2.00 par yesr; Canada, $1.60
tier yur; in Vancouvor City, $2.00 per
fear; to Unions subscribing in a body,
#1.26 per member per year.
stand that production us wa have it to*
duy, is not a blessiug to the producers,
blu a curse, tho more the workers pro*
duco tlie less they havo. All the efforts
of the idling class nnd the apologists of
that class, coupled with tho growing
knowledge of the workers, proves conclusively that not only ia the system
dying, but thnt thc ruling clnss is bank
rupt, morally, intellectually, and in
every other way ns is the system, and
their clumsy effort to bolster it up are
doomed to failure.
$&.
"Ualty of Ubor:   tba Hop* of tbt World"
FRIDAY January 10, 1919
THERE ARE many signs that tho
day of tho present ruling-class is
about spent.    In Great Britain—
in spite of thc election results—there
are signs that do uot auger any long
tenure  of  oflico   on
THB the part of tho gov
END IN ernment or thc con-
SIGHT. trol  of   the   present
ruling class, Strikes
for shorter hours are becoming common,
and ou every hand industrinl unrest is
evident. The Soldiers are also evidently
dissatisfied at tho wny things arc going, and the recent demonstrations in
the south of England, by tho soldiers
demanding the hastening of the demob*
illzation, shows that uow that they
havo macle the "world snfe for democracy," that they desire to be rid of thc
impositions of military rule. In connection with these demonstrations, it will
havo been noted, that thc Canadian
troops took part in them. Of course,
tlie press again comes to thc rescue by
saying that they only did it for fun-
but wc huve a suspicion, that they too
aro scek.ng an end to their military
servitude. Roports in thc press are
agaiu taking on au antagonistic attitude towards the Bolsheviki government in Russia, and thc .taking of con*
trol by tho Spartacus group in Germany
is causing much concern. But it will
bc noted that nt tho same timo, aB
this campaign of slander against the
now democracy is going on, that all tho
troops are to be withdrawn from Russia, and the president of tho United
States is reported as saying that if the
policing of Russia is to bc carried on,
then some other nation than the
United States will have to do it, as tho
American troops arc to roturn homo at
once.
* * *
Tho fact of the matter is, tho governments of thc world arc at thoir wits
end, aB to how to provide employment
for thc returning men, and tho released
munition workers. The rebuilding of
Franco and Belgium may suffice to assist thom in this object for a time, but
France will not need to bo rebuilt every
year, neither will Belgium, and tho
French and Belgian governments aro in
exactly the same quandry ns to what to
do as are the rest of the Allies, Employment cannot bc found for thc workers so long ns tho present system is in
existence. Thc very productivity of the
workers themsolves, when in employment, will muke this impossible. The
Engineering nnd Mining Journal, published in New York, says, in discussing
tho labor situation: "The laborer is
going to g."t what ho earns nnd no
more." Exactly, and unless ho is employed, ho will earn nothing. This same
journal goes on to say:
"Wo have no doubt that thero
will be resistance by labor to any
changes. It is not unlikely that
thero will be an attompt to unionize thie labor in industries more extensively than is at present the
cuse, an'd keep the jobs within tho
unions. Some employers may acquiesce to such a plan. Others may
refuse ,and there may bc disputes
about -it. But the one thing that is
certain is that tho wuges for labor
arc going to be determined by economic law.
"The classic economic doctrine
that labor is the residual claimant
upon tho product of industry, i. c,
that after rent, interest and profits,
which nro determined and limited
by competition, have boon deducted from the produce of a community, labor gets all thc rest, may not
hold true during such a period as
the last four years, but under natural conditions it ia generally truo.
Now, more than ever, should labor
be taught that its real interost is
to produce more, whicli is to earn
more ,and employers should not attempt to diminish labor's residual
claim by abolishing competition
among themselves or artificially enhancing profits by other menus.
And just us it is thc interest of
tabor to enrn thc miximum, so is it
the interest of the employer, which
means that he should ever bo alert
to improve his methods of production. Wide differences of plant efficiency, administration, etc., are tu**
ally tho inspiration of Bocial unrost
among workers, rnther thnn conditions that are intentionally designed to be evil. The social reformer,
vrtio doos not understand production, is u far less important person
in the promotion of humnn welfare
than the engineer, who does."
♦ * *
Well do those workers thnt havo studied the present system know that
"wages will be governed by economic
laws," and that they always have
been, and always will bc, und that
wages in the lust analysis arc but thc
food, clothing and shelter, necessary to
tho laborer in order that ho muy reproduce his labor power, and more
slaves to follow him. It is not labor's
interests to produce, more, it is concerned in the, ownership of what it produces ,and when that question is solved,
the question of greater production will
be no longor a problem. The improvement in the methods of production, by
whieh the productivity of thc working
class is enhanced, is but tho hastening
of the fall of thn present system. And
tho social r'eformer who docs not understand production,- is a joke and should
bc so treated by all mon who under-
THB RULING CLASS and thc press
of tho Entente  Allies, aro  very
much concerned about thc establishment of constituent assemblies in
both Russia and Germany.    Much is
mado of the fact that
NO these    essentials    to
GOVERNMENT   rating  class   domina-
NEEDED, tion and exploitation
are not brought into
being. They desire that "governments" be set up iu those countrios.
Evidently they do not, er will not, seo
that governments such as have been
known in tho past, arc not necessary
in any industrial democracy. The very
term government would imply that
some one was held in subjection, or
under control. Whilo in an industrial
democracy, government would not bo
noeossary, but an administration, not of
laws governing property, or men, but
of things, an administration of industry, and this bogey of the ruling class
is like all other subterfuges of those
who desiro to continue thc present system of exploitation; but a red herring
across tho trail. The Bolsheviki in
Russia hus established nn industrial democrucy. This is a fact; in spite of all
the lies that aro from dny to day published in tho press as to the situation
in that country. Tho Soviet government, or administration, is not concerned in ruling mon, but in ruling and administering the means of wealth production. It haB turned over to the peasants in that land the menns of production in so far as agricultural pursuits
are concerned. The single taxers aro
of the opinion that high prices, etc.,
etc., can only bc governed by thc taxation of land values. In!Russia, however, the people arc not worrying about
taxes, but as to how wealth may bo
produced by the workers, and when produced, enjoyed by thoso that produco
it. It has turned over the land to those
that will use it in production, and not
as a means of speculation and profit.
The same can be said in so far ns thc
production of wealth in any form is
concerned, and 'as a result, tho Soviet
government is not bothering to set up
any machinery by which tho people can
be ruled, as where thc people arc not
robbed, there is no nood for any ruling,
but the only necessity is industrial administration.
* *        *
And so it is in Germany.  Liebknecht
and his followers, like the Bolshoviki
in Russia, arc uot coucerucd with setting up uny constituent assembly, but
arc concerned in capturing thc powers
of stute, so that they muy introduce
production for uso instead of profit,
nnd introduce an administration of
tho means of wealth production,
in order that thoso that produco
collectively, may enjoy collectively
thc things that thoy havo produced. Tho press this week has announced that if there is no constituent
assembly, that thoro will be little
chnnce of collecting nny indemnity.
This in itself shows that what the ruling class in any country fears, is tho
establishment of democracy on the
lines of Russia. It fears tho removal of
thc established form of government,
becauso as soon as that is abolished
and an administration of the means of
wealth production is set up, and wealth
is produced for use instead of proflt,
that the ruling class will havo nothing
to pay any indemnity with, for it is tho
workers alono that can pay any indemnities, in tho shapo of wealth produced,
nnd .taken from them by the present ex-
ploitajion system, Once again it must bo
pointed out, that oven under thc pro-
sent system, tho payment of indemnities by Germany or her late Allies to
the Entente Allies, would spell disaster
to thc workers of thoso countries which
were tho recipients. This is borno out
by history. It is also borno out by
common sense. And a very little
thought would bIiow that indemnities
can only bn paid in woalth produced by
tho workers of the country that is pnying them, nnd ns in the case of Franco
when she was paying the wnr indemnity
to Germnny, after the Franco-Prussian
war, Germany suffered industrially, and
France prospered.,
* *        *
But to como back to the question of
government. Not only are the workers
of Russia and Germany aware of tho
fnct that in an industrial democrncy,
constituent assemblies arc not necessary, but the workers of Great Britain
ure also aware of this fact, und the
Steward system in many parts of the
Old Land is already the established
method, and will in a very short time
be used by them in their attempts to
establish the rule of renson, ovor the
rule of profit. Government was never
rteeessary until men become enslaved,
Government, as wo know it, will no longer bo needed in any country, when thc
workers aro freed from tho domination
of a capitalistic ruling class. The workers in Russia, or nny other country, are
moro concerned about tho ownership of
the means of wealth production, than
they are about thc continuation of tho
government of a slave class, by a useless and parasitic class in socioty.
NOT ABOVE a thousand miles from
Britannia Beach, there is a noted
outfit that endeavors to protect
its slaves from imbibing any knowledge
that will bo of benefit to them in gaining their freedom.
THE WHEEL This outfit docs not
OF desire   to   have   its
FORTUNE. workers rcceivo Thc
Fcdcrntionist,*and repeated requests nro mode to ub to send
copies to subscribers who work for this
aggregation, in a wrapper, as unless
this is done, thoy have considerable
troublo in getting the paper. In addi-
tlon to this solicitude on tho port of
these kind employers, thoy nro at prosont giving thoir employees something
to read which will inspire them with
hope for thc future. Here .is a sample
of tho bunk that is being distributed
in pamphlet form to tho slaves of this
outfit:
"Thoso who possess monoy arc an interesting Btudy. We hear a lot about
what is termed tho capitalistic class, but
did you ever figure out that those
who possess surplus money constantly
change? Every month, every year, now
men como along, men who have saved
a little, invested a little, until they
have capital sufficient to ennble them
to take an interest in somo industrial
enterprise After they may have made
u compctcnco, they drop out and othor
new mon come in.
"Oliver Wondoll Holmes, referring in
one of his books to the New England
States, tells of how he noticed thc
names of families, onco well-to-do, in
lowly pnrts of towns, or whero the descendants of prominent people were
keepers of boarding houses, or little
businesses, in which a hand-to-mouth
existence was eked out. The progenitors of theso families were once capitalists, prominent in tho affairs of the
state. Tlieir money was spent1 by their
heirs, and a new race of 'capitalists'
took their places. And so it goes on.
As Longfellow's potter, in 'Kcra-
mos,'   says:
'•Turn, linn, my who*].   All things must
chango \
To something new, to something Ktrango;
Nothing that Is can pausu or atay;
Tho moon will wax, thc moon will wane,
Tho mist and cloud will turn to rain,
Tho rain tn umt and cloud again.
Tomorrow  will   ho  today."
"Tako tho men today—look at the
men you know nt tho head of affairs,
the mon who have saved money and
have been able to-invest it safely. How
many of them arc what are known ns
self-made men? Quito n few, arc thero
not? In fnct, nearly all of them. A
generation or two ago they were not
known. Very few are those whose fathers were capitalists before them. Most
of them aro workingmen like' you and
me, and thoir success is due to thc
face thta they worked and saved.
"So-called capital is tho individual
savings of a fow or several workmen,
thrifty souls who gradually put by a
little money. This aggregation of savings from wages makos tho fund today which operatos businesses and
and evon the largest enterprises. Thc
stockholders of a compnny aro not limited to a few, they are many. Take
the Southern Pacific Railway for example, which has 37,000 stockholders.
Tho holdings of BtocR' in any large
company vary from the modest $100 to
larger amounts, according to how thc
holders have savod. This pooling of
money constitutes the capital. Tho
contributors to this fund arc constantly changing—present ones aro dropping
out and new ones are coming in. To
have such woalth is not a crime—on
thc contrary it indicates thrift, careful habits, progressive industry. It is
the premium paid respectability, education, thrift and decent living.
Many persons havo an idea that
there is some mysterious sourco of
wealth. Thoro is none. Thc only sourco
of wealth thnt employers havo or that
you have is tho reward of such intelligence as is put into the business and
your work.
"If thc poople wero to give up working and Baving, then capital would vanish. If capital is missing, then business is nothing. If managing intelligence is not there, then business will
go on the rocks. If co-operation is
lacking botweon tho man and his assistants, the entire business feels it.
If you extend cordial co-operation, if
you work, you will find that Borno day
you will have saved enough money to
taJce an interest in somo business. You
will be an employer—a capitalist—
yourself!
"This, idea that capital is something
to bc possessed or controlled by a few
is false. Anyone can havo it, everybody has it. It is wrong to suppoae
that capitalists are a distinct sot of.
beings, whb always had money and
who always will havo it. , You- will find
that in a few years the present generation of men in the employing class will
have passed along and that a now set
will have taken their places.
"If you livo long enough, you will
find thnt some of tho new employers
are men you know—very probably fellows you never heard much of, men
who Btuck to their work. You may
liavo known them as plodders, men
who did not listen to tho tempter and
got into a frenzy, but who thought for
themselves, who quietly saved and
studied, improved their knowledge and
capacity und made their services indispensable to some one.
"These nro the capitalists. Thoy woro
These are the capitalists. Thoy were
the capitalists a generation ago, they
aro the capitalists today, they will bo
the capitalists' a generation henco.
"Thoy nre tho workingmenl"
Thc most delightful passage in thc
epistle is thc ono referring to tho illusions that many persons havo to the
source of wealth. ( It says: "The only
sourco of wealth that employers have
or thnt you have is the reward of such
intelligence ns is put into tho business
and your work." Suro thing, thc intelli-
genee put into the business is tho intelligence displayed in exploiting tho
workers. And the intelligence put into
the "business" by the workers;' nlong
with their lnbor powor, is tho source
of tho wenlth created. But tho trouble
is tho workers do not get tho wraith
they create. What a lovely picture to
paint for the edification, or should we
say, delusion of the workers. Turn the
wheel and you will "mayAo" all becomo capitalists. Anothor fine piisFtigr
is, "if peoplo wore to givo up working
and saving, thru capital would van*
ish." Holy mackerel! They eame-
pretty nearly giving thc game away
then. Just a step furthor and they
would have said that labor wan thc
source of all wealth ,and then tho workers of this firm would havo got next,
and would have decided that* it was
about time that the intelligence displayed in exploiting tho workers wns no
longer necessnry, nnd would have nlso
decided to get rid of the intelligence
employed in "business." Careful, caro-
ful, or it may bc thnt the workers will
soo through thc game, nnd cud it.
Dealing with politics nnd other
things, the Nation has tho following to
say on tho economic interpretation of
history:
"There is a school of thought, devoted to the economic interpretation of
history, which holds that all modern
wnr is waged under an -idonMntie
camouflage, for concrete economic ends.
It was right about thc German junkers
nnd industrinl sts. The 'Associated
Powers' nro now about to coiim under
its microscope.    Among ua   certainly
arc somo men, notably Mr. Wilson, who
are free from any suspicion, and many
others who at least are unconscious of
auch motives. Thc realists are, none
the less, numerous and vocal. Trade
papers frankly remind ub that Russia,
with her vast stores of unworked war
material, is a great 'prize,' that
Mesopotamia can bo made to grow
threo crops a year, and that Africa is
tho world's treasure house. However
much wo may prefer to talk of humanity and democracy and philanthropy in
dealing with Russians, Arabs, and negroes, we must certainly deal also with
railways and minoB, oil wells, exploitable sources of raw materials, concessions and debts. A prudent man,
callpd in as trusteo in private lifo to
settle some similar tangle, would take
his precautions. He would not begin
by excluding all tho rival interests, and
he would look about for disinterested
associates. It is folly to protend that
wo or the Fronch or tho Italians can
bo, or oven ought to bo, puroly disinterested. A business intorest in railways and raw materials is nothing to
be ashamed of. But we treat such matters in our public debates as thc last
generation used to treat sex. Wc oro
economic prudos, We pretend to bo
abovo all this kind of thing, and to
escape any frank handling of the facts.
,If tho projected trenty stands ns a
sectional instrument, without uny true
internntionnl appeal or organ of justice between the states, the Socialist
all over Europe will simply find his
familiar thesis confirmed. 'Thoso powers,' ho will sny, 'won the wnr, settled the balance of power in their own
favor, and then proceeded, aftor excluding their rivals, to deal with the
spoils in thc usual way, but ou a scale
hithorto unknown in history. They
wero much cleverer than their rivals.
They wore u glovo over thc mailed fist.
When they took over a big rich region,
they did not annex, they 'protected.'
When they took over a German colony,
they called themselves its 'trustees.'
None tho less, tho net economic result
was that all the concessions and other
valuable considerations fell to them
and theirs." We do not say this, but
wo aro well awaro that an able, logical, well-equipped school of thought,
whose thesis is a conquering forco in
Eastern Europe, and may make a for;,
midablo bid for power in tho West, is
wniting to say it. There is still a fair
chance to defeat this criticism by doing as little as possible to deserve
it."
It may bo true that Mr. WIIbou is
free from suspicion, or aga;n it may bo
that ho is unconscious that the economic factor has a largo bearing on
his viewpoint. Tho outstanding thing,
however, is that all tho countries that
are now about to engage in the peace
conference are dominated by the material interests of thoir particular ruling classes. That-every action of tho
nations that aro "making democracy
safe" will bo analyzed by tho Socialists, or men that understand tho materialistic interpretation of history
goes without saying, and as thoy havo
exposed the ramifications and hypocrisy of tho ruling class in the past, so
they will in this case. Pelf and spoils
is the object of every country under
the sun in these days, with perhaps
only ono exception, that of the new
democrncy of Russia. Thero tho people
only desiro to be left alone, in order
that thoy may havo thc fruits of their
toil, which has b^en made possiblo by
tho revolution that has takon place in
that country.
CHEWING THE  CUD
Mrs. J. W. DeB. Farris, Bpeaking at
the Women's Canadian Club mooting,
hold on Wednesday, on tho "University and Its Relation to the Life of the.
Provinco," stated that it wns from tho
universities that the public leaders
camo. This may have been true in tho
past, but tho futuro "leaders" will
not have been educated in thc univcr-
sitioB of the ruling class, but will havo
received their education in the university of capitalistic production. The
aims of all our educational institutions
in this day, is to po.'son the minds of
the student with ruling class philosophy, but greater forccB aro at work
than tho universities, and tho school of
practical experience is giving a know-
lodge as to the present systom of socioty, which will eventually knock out
tho props of all our so-called educational institutions. Universities are ruling class institutions, and with tho abolition of tho ruling class, education will
take on a very different form.
Vancouver is suffering from an epidemic othor than that of tho Flu, This
now epidemic is taking tho form of
"hold ups," and citizons are much concerned as to thoir safct/, and as to tho
safety of their goods. Hold ups are always -in ovidenco when industrial conditions arc bad'. And in spite of all tho
talk of prosperity, thero arc a largo
number of unemployed in this city.
With thc cost of living over on tho increaso, the workors are nearer the bread
lino, even when working, than ever,
and any lay-off of men is only aggravating the situation. With from threo
to four thousand workers jobless in the
city, tho blacklists at employment
agencies, and ChinoBo crews for "British" built ships, the proBpocts for industrial pence in this nock of thc woods
are remote.
A private and confidential document
has recently been circulated nmong employers jn Britnin suggesting that support should be given to those organizations "which are organizing counter
propaganda from various points of
view against thc revolutionary tendencies in British industry;" including
"Thc National Alliance of Employer
nnd Employed," "Tho Industrinl
Leaguo for tho improvement of relations between employers nnd employed," "Tho British Workers National
League," and the "Women's Social
and Political Union,"
TWENTY- FIVE YEABS AGO
Vanconver Trades and Labor
CouncU  .
[January 6, 1894]
Newly-elected delegatea seated as
follows: J. Rumble, W. Lawson and
James Twaddle (Stonecutters); Chaa.
Kai no, W. IL Ireland and J. E. Henderson (Amalgamated Carpenters);
Geo. Gagen (Brotherhood Carpenters);
W. Elliott, Thos, Nye and D. Holm-
wood (Mainland Steamshipmen); J.
Clarke, R. Harrison and F. Bridge
(Builders' Laborers); A, Wcmken, F.
Cordingley and W. Cartwrlght (Stove-
Hores); C. Galbraith, Fred Fowler and
Geo. Bartley (Typos.).
Owing to municipal elections small
attendance.   Meeting adjourned 9 p.m.
Oeo. Walker, vice-president, presided, and Geo, Gagen, secretary.
If an account is to bc rendered on
Judgment Day for every idlo word,
what will Premier Borden's reckoning
bo for cabling at the public oxpenao
that New Year's message?
Thc "fiu" socniB to be accompanied
by tolegraphitis.' The high-ups aro peculiarly Busceptiblo. Acting Premier
White wired e Now Year's sermon to
all Canada. Governor Barnard telegraphed from wet Now York joyous
greeting to his subjects in thiB dry
zone. Have another, Governor!
•' /•   •
Remember that message from Genoral Sir Arthur telling us how debonair
aud spick and span oui* boys wcro and
how their armor shone whet} they
marched into Germany? I was reminded of it on reading a letter in Friday's
Victoria Times from ono of tbe same
soldier boys, marching from "fifteen
to twenty miles" a day "on two of
those hard biscuit^ for two meals,"
and when camped, without fires, expected "to sit and shine brass aud
freeze to death." The Victoria man
thinks "somebody will pay for"' it
'' when the boys come home.''
•   *   *
Sir John Willison, chief writer for
tho capitalists of Canada, tells us:
"There arc millions of peoplo in tho
world for whom '' democracy'' (he
quotes tho word—he'd not uso it as his
own) would bo the door of anarchy."
That's rather rough on us after fighting und bleeding and planting Flanders' Fields with corpses "to mako the
world froo for democracy." However,
Sir John had bctcr remember thnt it
was thinking just such thoughts that
spilled thc beans for B 11 Hohenzollorn.
«   #   »
I should liko to have hoard Stephen
Lcncock 's laugh when he saw the spluttering fury of Sir Hibbcrt in thc Star
over hia noar-irrovorauco for monarchy.
Why docs not Dir Hibbcrt get after
Wells? Stephen got thc idea from
him. Couldn't ho have Joan and Peter
put on the Ottawa index expurg? Of
course it was published in dear old
London, and a competent critic regards
it ns a triumphant achievement, but
is it tho stuff to feed colonials on. in
what Agent-General Wade calls "British North America"?
an*
When I rend recently in tho Winnipeg Freo Pross that tho Dominion govornment had practically completed arrangements for giving a copcession of
the wholo country north of the Athabasca Rivor to thc Shell Transport and
Trading Company of England, it occurred to mo that a plutarch could
draw a most illuminating parallel between Bacon and Sifton. No; I did
not think of hoggiahness at tho time.
I wns away abovo that. Both moat
ablo men and most acutely minded—
and keen-eyed at gathering gear; apt
too at giving reasons of state and
setting forth purposes of "godly government." Sir Clifford is said to bo
interested in tho Shell Company. No;
not gome—company. I feel quito sure
Sir Clifford mado as clever an argument to Premier Borden for putting
thc deal through as Bacon did to Essex
for "tho deluding of ns wise a people
as tho Irish." It is our government's
great work of rcconsruction. It is designed in tho public interest. It is a
splendid pieco of imperial patriotism.
There may bo proflt in it for those who
put their capital at thc public service,
but it will bo "without any show that
such a thing is meant."
• -_*   *
Why ia tho Canadian government so
bont on sending troops to Russia that
unwilling men were forced to embark
for Siberia at Victoria on December
23-24 after leading protestators wero
put under arrest? Surely the anBwcr is
not in tho announcement of the birth
of the Canadian-Siberian Development
Company, which we afc told "has good
ground for hoping to get valuable concessions," From whom? From Kol-
chak? And is it his party our troops
aro being sent to support? Kolchak
is the Siberian adjutant of Dcnikin.
was an intimate of the Czar and is the
present hope of tho Romanoffs.
• *   »
Canada went to war against tho Central Powers; not against Russia. That
war was ended in fact by tho armistice. Tho government of Canada has
no mandate—nor has Parliament voted
any money to send men out of Canada
to tako part in any other war or to support or oppose by armed forco any
party in'Russia or nny other country.
It was announcod some weoks ngo by
a "high nuthority in Ottnwa that
Canad;au intervention in Russia wns
an '' Imperial idea'' nnd that word
was awaited from tho London War
Offico as to whether tho troops encamped on the Pacific Coast wero to bc sent
to Siberia or not. But Canadian public money ennnot be constitutionally
expended on tho mere order of tho
British War Office. That would bc
worso than what led to tho old Boston
Tea Party.
• •   •
Acting Premier Whito has called a
great council of our country's wise
financiers, or financially wiso men; and
in the Innd of shades Grovcr Cleveland
remarked to John A. "In Canada parliamentary government seems to hnvo
lapsed into Innocuous desuetude."
bkehon Mccarty.
JUST AVERAGE
When about to purchase a diamond, your Idea is
a stone of average size at an average price.
Tho "average" man In evory villago, town and city in
Canada ia willing to pay an avorage price, but naturally
looka for tho highoBt grade gom and tho best possible
value procurable.
OranvillB ud
Oeorgin Sts.
Ooo. E. Trorty
MU. Dlr.
Bnck is cnr reputation. 8m is when
nsst yon wliti te
purchase diamonds,
and 1st us prove It
Tb* Room BeUat tk* Ooods"
COSTARD
POWDER
Simple to make—easy to take.
THE W.H. MALKIN CO.'
Limited
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Finest quality is tho baso of all
our products.
CANADA FOOD BOARD    _*
License No. 6-612 License No. 3 453
Proposed Lahor Bank
Seattle, Wash.—Tho Central Labor
Council's plans for tho organization of
a banking institution aro reported to
have been fully matured and tho promoters aro hopeful \ot boing able to do
business in the near future. The now
enterprise will bo known as tho Trades
Union Savings und Lonn Association,
Its board of directors will bo composed
of a momber from each of tho unions
holding stock. An effort is being made
to -interest tho grange, farmera unionB
nnd othor friendly organizations in the
new venture,
Butchers Win Bight Hours
Bakersficld, Cal. —Thc Butchers
Union hero has just signed a new scale
agreemont that concedes them the S-.
hour day. It -is asserted that this is
the flrst butchers union in tho United
StatCB to socure that recognition. The
agreement also provides that no Japs
or Chinese arc to bc hired in tho butcher shops.
Form Btate Body
Nashville, Tenn.—Postal employees
of tho Btate held a most successful
mass meoting. Eepresentatlves from
all sections to be known as thc Tennessee State Association of Postal Employees was formed. Tho purposo of
the new organization Ib to bettor the
postal service and tho working conditions of postal employees.
WAIT UNTIL THB  "NUMBER"  ANSWERS OR THB OPERATOR REPORTS
Vory often a subscriber will call a
number and, If an almost instantaneous
connection la not established, will hang
up and try again later. He feels that
ininut h havo elapsed whito, In reality it
has been but a mattor of a tow seconds.
This hanging up ot your tolephono re*
coivcr means that your timo and tho timo
and labor of tho operator has bun wanted. If the cailod party comes on the line,
tin* operator haB to explain.
Remaining at your telephone until yon
got a report or the callud party answers
means tho saving in the time and effort of
three parties.
B. 0. TELEPHONE CO., LTD,
?. B. C0THBIRTSON & 00
Men's BattiTH and Outfitter*
•io Onwuii stmt
fliv Bastings Stmt West
What Thou Dost-Do Quickly
The simpletons und hypocrites who
urge us to "keep within legal limits,"
remind one of Marie Antoniette, who
recommended tho starving peasants to
cat cake! One would think wo suffer
from an organic aversion to cake, a
kind of incurable disease. Onc would
think our lunga wero infectod with an
irresistible desiro to breathe tho atmosphoro of tho solitary dungeons in tho
fortress "of Peter and Paull One would
think wo have no uso for those endless
hours pulled out ot our lives by tho
jailers.
Wo love our underground just as littlo as a drowning person loves the bottom of tho sea. Yot wo have'as littlo
choice as, let us say directly, tho absolutist order. Being fully awaro of this
wo can afford to bo optimists even at
a timo whon thc underground tightens
its grip around our necks with unrelenting grimness. It will not chock us,
wo know itl Wo shall survive. When
tho bones of all tho great deeds which
aro boing performed now by tho princes
of tho earth, thoir servants and thc servants of their servants will hnvo turned to dust, when nobody will know the
graves of many of tho present parties
with all,their exploits—tho cause wc
are serving will rule tho world, and our
party now choking underground, will
dissolvo itsolf into humanity, for the
flrst time its own master. History is
a tremendous mechanism serving our
ideals. -Its work Ib slow, barbarously
slow, implacably cruel, yet the work
goes on. We beliove In it. Only at
moments, when thia voracious monBter
drinks the living blood of our.hearts,
to servo it aB food, wc wish to shout
with all our might: What thou dost, do
quickly!—From "Our Revolution," by
Loon Trotzky, Paris, 1907.
Socialism In Japan
Tho New South Wales attorney-general, Mr. Hall, has lately been on a
visit to Japan, and says: "Huge fortunes aro being mado in Japan today.
People are flocking into the cities from
the country to join in the prosperity.
Tho cost of living has, of course,'in-
crcaBcd, rentB boing double what they
were, and thero has been many a bitter
struggle to secure bettor wageB. Although the govornment practically
shoots Socialists on sight, tho fact remains that last year thero wcro 300
successful strikes in that country.
—SATE TOUB MOVEY-
8TABT A BABE AOOODVT XB
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Doa't alow away yoar spare Mak Ik
toy old corner when it la Id daagei
from burglars or Ir*.
Th* Merchants Rank o! Canada ot
Un yoa perfect safety for youi
money, and will (It* yoa fall banktu
service, whether yonr aceoont la lug*
or small.
Interest  allowed  od  savings   dtps
•ill.
0. X. ITACBT. Htttftr
OraiTiUa tad PmIm
W. 0. JOY, Manager
Hastings aid Oarrall
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabric*
Style Correct
Price the lowest pew
sible consistent witb
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
nrooBFouTio nw
Bank of Toronto
Attnta  „ _!M.O00,0M
Doyattt   _ (3,000,000
Joint Swing* Account
A JOINT Rutin Acoo.nl toe, h.
op.nod it Th. Buk at Toronto
to lh. nut., of two or mor.
pni-iooa. In tkat. looonnu eltkor
party _» iln ekec-ae, or dopooll
tnon.f. For tk. dUeri-nt Mtat nl
i(mill or • Inn • Jaiml -wKw.it 1.
ofl«n • ir.il oomoiIim., Iitorat It
pud on bounces.
V-nooarvr Bntneki
Oonor HuttBf, ud OutkU IttoM
_. Brioche. It:
Vlrtotll.   Mttrtft,   Mow
Bint; up Phone Sermonr HM for
appointment ,
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
MM SOI Dominion Building
tANCOUVEB, B, 0. FBIDAT January 10, IBM
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
T. B. ANDREWS
*53 HASTINGS WEST
-,.,■■■ .J
Special
Showing
of
Suits
at
$25
These suits are of first-class
material and workmanship
and are offered at prices
which means a worthwhile
saving to every man. Many
were taken from the broken
lines of higher priced stock
—each and every one measuring up to the usual high
standard of style, fit, fabric
and finish. Some of these
suits you would ordinarily
pay $35.00 and even $45 for.
Now is the time to get a
really good suit at little
cost. Buy now and save
money.
Special Price
Saturday
$25
THE ALL UNION
STORE FOR MEN
UNION +> OFFICES
This Official last of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OA» SUPPLY TOU WHB TBI ALLIED PIMIISO TRADE! OKOH LABBL
BLOCHBKRQKH, !*. R., Ita Bro.dwijr Eul-
BIUNI), W., eat Pnuto Kir**.! W«.l ...	
B. C. MtlNTMO tk LiTUO. CO.. Kinjrlk. lod Boawr	
Cl-AKkE A STDABT, H20 ttojiunr Strait	
COWAN a BBOOKHOUSB. Libor T.lnpl. BiUdlnf	
DUNSMUIR BK1MT1NO CO., ett Dnuimoir Strnl ...
tatttXt. W. A., 1K8 1'irkor SUM.	
KEUSHAW. 1. A., taa Hew. Slreot...
-.Fllrwnl IM
M.B.'rmoir Obit
..-.junr SMI
 H**rmoir 8
....Seymour 4410
...Seymour 1100
-HlnkUod HIT
I.ATTA. R. P., 837 Oor. A.toao .	
MAIN  PRINTINO  CO.,  8851  lllln  gtr.nl	
MAINLAND  PRKMBKB,   tt Corfli.vi  Strwt Gut   	
MoLRAN tt SHOEMAKER, North Vutawnr	
MITOHELL-roLKY,  LTD.,   129 Ilnllnm  Streot We.t .......
NORTH SHORE PRESS. North Vuoounr	
PAOIKIO PRINTERS, 600 Beitly Stnwl .._
Ror.DKB. a. A., ete Uonu-r street...
ADbi.i.r,,  u.  a.i  div  u.iiu.'i   curec.	
SUN JOB PRESSES, 137 Pender Streft...
TKOIIN1CAL PRESS. SHO lle.tt*. Stmt...
...B.,noir 1074
 Beym-wr 1031
 Filrinuit. 1MB
ri_Z3'.'"Vu~'6i
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 N. Vu. iO
 8o-nnoir MM
..........._nyi_o_r 104
TRIMS. A. n„ 230 F'iurti*(>nlh Avenue Eut	
WARD. EI.LWOOD 0 POUND. 118 Honor Stroot	
WKSTKRN SPECIALTY CO., ill Or.uville Stroot.	
WHITE A BINDON, 628 Pondiir Street Wort	
Seymoar 41
-B.ym.-.r I82S
 rumont NIR
 Soymonr 1516
 & Soymonr 8528
 : Seymoar 1114
Writ. "Union Lihoi" on Yoar Oopy when Yog Sond II to tht Pitnttr
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF JANUABY 13
Herbert Bnshford's Piny
"The Voice Within"
Written specially for
Edytho Elliott
Ono  of  the  most  phenomenal
plays ever presented
F-rlcoi 160, Me ud SOe
PANTAGES
*» Next Week
Tbl   Incomparable   K T B A—OrluUl
Dancer Supreme
Other Big Featnm
Why the Infant*' Hospital
Ute*
VALLEY DAIRY MILK
Miss Watterson, in chargo of the Infants'
Hospital, selected VALLEY DAIRY
MILK because she knew it came from J.
M. STEVES' FAMOUS HEED OF PUBE
BRED HOLSTE1N COWS.
It is a well-known fact among the Medical Profession that thiB special approved
Milk for Babies is digested with thc same ease as Mother's Milk. It is not
loaded with greasy fats that form a tough, hard curd in baby's,delicate stomach. Yet, it contains all the rich, noruishing body-building values, which are
assimilated with the same ease as those from Mother's Milk.
YOU TRY IT. IT WILL PUT DIMPLES IN THE GIRLS AND BOUNCE
IN THE BOYS.
"THB CHILDREN'S FRIEND"
PHONE BAT. 663
^VALLEY DAIRY
Canada Food Board License 9-12240
among the triumphing crowds, one fa
the prey to a subtle despair, Life, or
what looms to be life, is passing out of
our grasp. We remember that in the
remote August days four years ago, we
were thrilled by the common emotion,
We were part of the nation, while with
a sickening premonition we watched
the Highlanders swinging past the
Green Park on their way to something
unknown and terrible. With their rhythm some nobility of valor and high resolve in ourselves kept time. In the
set face of those who watched with us,
we eould read the workings of our own
emotion. We were not outcast then.
Today we are. Somewhere, in a manner and time whioh we seek forlornly
to discover, the contact has been snapped. We are glad that the slaughter
of man by Ms brother has ended; but
our gladness, though profound, is not
spontaneous. A stern effort of the mind
is needed to acknowledge that even
this cause of satisfaction really exists.
It is as though we had onco moro to
steel our imaginations and bend our
flinching minds as we onco did in ordor
to understand that fellow men in their
thousands wore being murdered and
mutilated day after day. The process
of understanding was long and terrible;
yet wo feci that the effort to respond
to the surstim corda will be as long,
and may be more tcrriblo still. Wo
have reason to rojoico and cannot rejoice.
•Being what we aro, wo seek to understand ourselves. It is not tho memory of our dead which weighs ub
down. To that burden wo aro accustomed, nnd to the knowledge that wo
shall carry-it with us to the end. A
part, how great we do not know, of
our soul is become forever numbed and
insentient. But with what remains wo
foci ,and wo foel no joy. It may bo
that it was through tho friends who
are dead that thc roots of our being
found their way into tho common life.
Through them our personality may have
been extended and touched by the general emotions. Now thoy have been
severed, and we are left to live to ourselves, or to die.
The treo whose roots havo been severed does not always die. There are
some which grow greater strength.
Even though it should prove to be only
tho Baving illusion, we shall believe ioarnt to uvo from a trieklo of air in
that our present isolation reveals us thcir lungs, we aro stifled, evon though
stronger than wo aro. Not that we w0 aro i0\_ the air blows free once
desire tt in   order   to   manifest our more
strength.   Thore is no man who being        ,', N       > t     de ch
isolated in a crowd of his rejoicing       ^   hQftmraoa d d /M „       '
fellows ,does not desire to be ono with *
it. But now wo aro prepared for tho j And while wo reach timidly back
isolation; we are armed and norved into the past to discover the sequence
against it. We make a virtuo of our of our wounds, and to remember what
grim necessity. And we know that it is onco we were, we begin to wonder why
not the Iobb of our friends that has we were amazed. We should havo
brought the grim necessity upon ub, known that it would be thus. And so
Tho horror of the crowd has seized in the last resort wo flnd in ourselves
upon us. Like men who stand on a bo much at least of faith, that we
crumbling island in the midst of a rag- wonder at its absence.   A small seed,
PAGE FIVE
THE SORROWS OF SATAN
Wandering in disconsolate ieolationtjustice of fraternity, instead of Ihe Jus
tice of retribution, on the new conven-
ant, instead of the old; if the high resolve that this should be the war to
end wars were made good in aot; If by
some splendid assertion of humanity,
complete disarmament were achieved;
if theBe things were to be, then there
might be room for confidence. If we
could only believe in such an act of
liberation, then we could believe in
many other things besides. But who
will deny that the possibility of these
ideals has diminished during the warf
Aa the flood of hatted has ebbed on
the one side, it has mounted on the
other. And even were this burden re*
moved, ideal remedies such as those
which will alone give us back the old
expectations are not applied by the
scratch of a diplomatic pen. For these
renunciations young minds and young
wills are necessary: and thoy have been
hurled by their thousands unto nothingness. Few Indeed remain of those
who of thcir own free will dared everything for a future that was denied
them; the old spirit did not, could not
last. Its plnco has been taken by a
lessor, but still valuable, thing, the horror of tho war in those who have endured it. Tho champions of the positive ideal havo perished; but the force
of the ncgativo ideal m'ght still bo
drawn upon to shapo the world anew.
Thoro aro thoso who would say this
thing, and that thing, shall not bo
again. But thcir voiccB nro to be stopped lest they should disturb tho settle-
jm-nt. and should declare that our modern Clcon is not tho very pinnaclo of
thc Democratic ideal.
We wander on disconsolate in tho
crowd. Not all theso doubts aro present to our mind in forms so acute as
they now bear. ?ut in the past they
have risen ono by one against bur
hope; they have torn away belief aftor
belief, leaving wounds that acho dully
within us. Only when wo try to distinguish amid the general pain do wo
remember what .each particular intolerable and incrcdiblo happening was;
only by long thinking can wo realize
that once our faith was so great that
it could have moved mountains. To
its slow decrease wc have steeled our-
selves; wo have heard the verdict, that
we were droamcrs, and we have tightened our hearts and cannot expand
them again.   Like sick men who havo
GENUINE AIL WOOL
SUITS
in  indigo-dyed navy  blue
HUSH SEEOB
of a beautiful firm weave
and soft finish in extra
heavy weight, sell for Three
Dayi Only, being the great
feature of our JANUARY
CLEARANCE, at the positively astounding price of'
OhMrtU
Soap
of ley.
Tea'te
Ml*.
Zip;
I To. Lot
f'nllp,
JHtIM
*•» 0..
Oi.Borl
We started with 750 yards. Bee our window where 600 yttit
ot thia wonderful Serge aro on view. No auch value potwiblo
elsewhere. After Monday prices on thja urge—if any left—will
bo *45 and $59 respectively. Ford faultless stylo and make g»
into these suits and strictly individual cut and measure. Hark
youl   We guarantee this all wool
Ta*/LOPMG_£_\.
Hastings
St. West
E Ml
Refuse to Take Part in
Inquiry to Be Made by
Royal Commission
Somo little time ago, tho miners in
the Crow's Nest Pass wore compelled
to strike for tho singlo shift aB a safety measure. At that timo a Boyal
Commission was appointed to enquire
into the conditions of the minos in
that district. At a rocont mooting of
the Oladstone local at Fernio, the following resolution was passed:
-"WhereaB, the result of Order 86 decreed that tho mines at Coal Crock
and Michel resume work on single
shift for an indefinite period'pending
the report of a Royal Commission
as enchanting with the magic of her
melodious voice and dainty artistry.
And then tho artists had stopped down
from tho platform and gono behind tho*
screen "for keeps"; tho hand-clapping
had died down; and tho audience—just
went homo I
It was really bewildering to some;
amusing to others. Thero was the
piano, standing open, ready on the platform; and nearly every porBon present
know enough about mimic to Btrike the
first few chords of tho "anthem." Yet
nobody darodf   Incredible, but truo.
Vet, after all, there is a very simple
explanation. Two hours of music—real
music—with all its sweet aet. Mio
charm and spiritual exaltation! No
wonder that nobody had the heart to
mar its echoes by the intrusion of anv
auch piece of woodon ineptitude aa the
political doggerel, with its desperately-
doleful, make-believe melody, which
serves as the British "National Anthem." It would have been sacrilege
—nothing less,
Who first perpotratcd this stodgy
specimen of British or Teutonic genius,
nobody seems really   to   know.    Per-
ave \
LENINE APPEALS TO THE
AMERICAN WOBKEBS
Frankly Admits Mistakes and Appears
Hopeful of Ultimate
Triumph .
Nicolai Lenino, Premier of tho Bussian Soviot Republic, addressed flu
world." Tho autocracies havo crumbled, I opon lotter to American workingmen,
it is true, in tho strugglo for cxistcnco J which is published in tho Decembor
thoy havo revealed themselves tho! issue of "Tho Class Struggle." A
weaker social units. But whether De-'short summary of tho document folj
mocracy has triumphed by virtue of lows:
moro than tho surplus of bruto strength| "Had the Anglo-French and Amort-
that comes from a greater elasticity,' can bourgcoisio accepted the Soviet in-
this we do not know. To believe it, wo vitation to participate in peace ncgo-
must mako |an act of faith. tiations at Brest-Litovsk, instead   of
It is precisely this act of faith in leaving Russia to tho mercy of brutal
Democracy which tho war has mado Germany, a just peace without aimoxa-
hard, if not impossible for us, What tions and indemnities, a .peaco based
has been the attitudo of Democracy to! upon complete equality could havo been
Russia! Hero was a giant nation, ut- j forced upon Germany, and millions of
tcrly exhausted by war, which had in a lives might hnvo been saved."
supremo effort thrown off the chains of i    BiU though tho bourgcoisio doserted
tyranny which had been a byword >. the Soviot Republic, the workers of
among the people of the world, Yet j the wholo world, in whatover country
Democrncy treated it just as autocracy, they may live, rejoice with tho Russian
had done, as a soulless instrument of' workers. Thoy understand that Russia
war. Had England been Prussia herself, sho could not have been more ruthless and cruel. And who will dare to
say with conviction that our treatment
of tho now-born German Democracy
will bo otherwise! The greatest height
of generosity which we havo yet reached is to insist thut Germany must be
fed in order to work—for us. Wo proposo to act as the slave-owner acted ib
tho good old days ,to keep body and
soul together in order that the Inst
ounce of labor may bc extracted. Would
autocracy have acted otherwisef
Tho evidence do«n not justify a faith
in modern Democracy; it justifies "only
tho belief that it is actually the strongest form of social organism that has
yet been evolved. And tho triumph of
tho stronger in tho struggle for existence can bo made the occasion of profound rojoioirig only by those who aro
prepared to swear that whatover is, is
good. This may bo a subject for ac-
qurcsceiice, but surely not for oxluta-
tion. It may bo part of tho imminent
purpose that nil those things which we
were accustomed to call good should
perish out of the world, or disappear
for a season as long us our lifetime,
but the purpose itself is not what wo
call good. A victory which preys upon
ts own vitals is hardly victory. Yet
what was the vague thing we fought
to win, but the opportunity for those
freedoms of thought-and speech and act
which we have sacrificed in the effort
to victory! Now, tho very loisuro in
which alone they enmo to flower is to
bo denied to us and our children. To
meet thn interest on their war debts,
the belligerent pcoplcB will have on a
modest calculation to work twice as
hard as they worked before the war;
and they had littlo enough leisure, in
all conscience, then.
And if wo say thc battle has been
fought and the victory won for distant
posterity, it may be answered that perhaps distant posterity will curse uh for
our pains,   "  "
ing Bea, wo have watched the spume in truth, but tho birda of the air might        And whereas, our pomtion is actual haps that is just as well.   In point of
and scum borno always to tho summit one day again mako their nests in the 1 atod lajr the question of greater safe-1 rhythm^ it is just about aa musical aa
of .the angriest and moat  menacing branches of tho tree which could grow
wavb.  We havo scon a NorthclifTo and out of it.   A seed so tried and tested
a Bottomley becomo the spiritual lead- should produce a toughish plant. There
ers of a people to which we onco bo- is somo logic, after all, in our Baving
longed; wo havo seen the reluctant peo- illusion.—The Nation.
pie of America become fanatical fori
war, and all but disown the President,
whose authority alone gave to the last
year of tho struggle some clement of its
old moral significance; we havo seen
the people of Germany wait foV tho
shock of defent to turn their rulers who
brought  this  ordeal   upon   thc   world.
The war, which has  boon fought tol
mako the jporld safe for Democracy, j
tho cynic in us argues, has ended by'
making  Democracy  a  danger  to  tho
litarism in order to save the revolution.
As for the mistakes iu method and in
tehchicai execution made by the Soviet government, these Lenine frankly admits. "It is not to be expected
that the working classes who have been
oxploitod and forcibly held' down by
the clutches of want, of ignorunco and
degradation for centuries should conduct itswcvolution without mistakes.
Tho deau body of bourgeois Bociety
cannot simply bo put. into a coffin and
buried. It rots in our midst, poisons
the air we breathe, pollutes our lives,
clings to tho new, the fresh, the living with a thousand threads anil tendrils of old customs, of death and decay. ''
Lenino cloaos with au apepal to tho
Amorican workingmen to rally to tho
support of thi -ir Russian fellow work-
ins: "\Vo know that it muy take a
long time before help ean come from
you, comrades, American workingmen,
for the development of'the revolution
in the different countries proceeds
along various paths, with varying rapidity. . . . Wc know full woll
that the outbreak of the European proletariat revolution may take many
wecEs to conic .quickly as it is ripening
in theso days, We are counting oa the
inevitability of the international revolution, But that docs not meun that
we count upon its coming at some definite, nearby date."
in the mining world;
."Now, whereas, wo as members of
Gladstone Local Union, did not seek or
roqucat that such oxpert services as
that'of the highest reputed authority
on the American continent, viz,, G. E.
Rice, of tho United States Bureau of
Mines, nor were we nsked collectively
or individually to give evidence as to
conditions existing in this conl field,
but siich evidence was supplied exclusively by the Crow's Nest Pass Conl
Company, ancf by tho deportment of
mines, nor were wo informed of the
conditions which led to the disastrous
explosion nt No. 3 mine, notwithstanding thc fact that tho department of
mines had 0, R. Rico's report of conditions on file, which report of conditions clearly shows the flash point
should bo reduced from 5.5 to 2.5 in
those mines;
"And whereas, sinco tho above-mentioned disaster, the withdrawal point
bas boen changed from tbat of 1-2 inch
cap to 1-4 inch, which Bhows that thc
department of mines must havo somo
faith in the Rico report on which wo
base our argument;
"Now, whereas, all commissions that
have beon appointed to settle disputes
between capital and labor have invariably been unsatisfactory to labor;
"Therefore bc it resolved that we,
thc members of Gladstone Local Union
No. 2314, U. M. W. of A., absolutely
refuse to take nny part whatever in
aforementioned commission."
any but that of tho sycophant
and the slave. It's "Hoch dor Kaiser"
in Engliah.
Still, to bco it publicly discarded in
the Hotel Vancouver! Things are mov*
■ing after all.
Quality Groceries
—AT—
A BIG SAVING
Union men work hard for their
money. Why not save 20 per cent?
Look at these pricos:
OrangeB, largo and juicy gA
Navels, per dozen  OUC ,
Dominion Vegetable Soups,      f f|     '
per can   1UC
Clark's Pork and Beans,
3 cans for	
Pry's Cocoa, 1-2 lb.
cans for .
IS IT REALLY TRUE AND
IF SO WHAT IS TO BE DONE?
Hotel Vancouver Gathering Did Not
Sing God Save tho
King
Yes, sir; it renlly happened!
Nonrly one thousand of thc city's
elite" attended n grand musical recital in the big ballroom of the Hotel
Vancouver on Saturday evening, and
thon dispersed without "God Have the
King!"
George Bnrrere with his flute, Paul
Kefor with his 'celjo, and Carlos
Siil/.p.lu with his harp, hud been discoursing real music of tlie -instrumental
kind; and Lucy Gates had boen just
GhiradclH'fl Orouad Chocolate,
1-lb. tins for 	
Dot Sweet Chocolate,
per IA     and
package   1UC •
Cowan 's Maple BiidB,
per box	
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 1-2
bix, two tins	
Reindeer  Condensed  Cocoa  of Coffee
and Milk, large
t-ins  	
25c
23c
45c
25c
10c
35c
of Coffee
28c
.   FRESH AND CURED MEATS
Wu only sell tho very best grndo
No. 1 Government Inspected Meats.
Try it—you'll come back for more.
Cured and Cooked Meats of the
finest qunlity always on hand at
rcasouaplc prices.
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118  HASTINOS  ST.  W.
SSY.   126»
; Oiuwi* food Bftarrt jjj
;   Licence 8—18(15   -jj
tho
Employment Furnished
Washington—In its "report on
part it is playing in restoring war
workers and discharged Holdiers, to
peucc-time industry, the United States
employment sorvice announced that
during lbe week ended December 7,
jolts were found for 84,284 applicants
who registered. Women registrants
r _ _,numbered 17,350, and of theae 13,054
It may still,' in tho"thfrd*or jwoft P,uccd* 	
fourth generation, be paying for th;s	
victory with its blood, shed not with] "In memory of the men, women and
violence, but slowly drained away In childron who lost their lives in fret-
factories whore speeding up has reach- jdom's cause at Ludlow, Colorado. April
ed tho limit of tho endurable. It might: 20th, 1914. Erected by the Unitod
be credible that we havo secured pos- Mino Workers of America." Such is
tcrity; if we had tbo sure knowledge [the inscription on a magnificent monu
that a mighty effort would be made to: mcut on the site of the slaughter of 33
assert the slumbering conscience of tho, men, women aud children by tho thugs
world, in the establishment of peace, i of cnpitalism under the name stato
If tbis poace were to bo based on thc militia.
"IN-V1C-TUS" Shoes for Men
HP HERE are few men who are interested in the good shoe
question who don't appreciate the sterling qualities of the
popular "INVIOTUS" Brand
To tlio particular people, who neck a perfect (it in this hIioo, there never
win n liner opportunity thnn you'll find nt this home of (food shoes todny.
We huve them in all sizes and widths nnd in all the wanted leathers.
Thi* big point is: thcy'ro standard high qunlity goods—tlie sort of shoe
your feet feci safe in, nnd thnt nny man will be proud to wear. "Floor
sweepings" nnd shoddy bargain salo atuff h»vo no plnco in tho Goodwin
stock. Wo know from long experience that wol]*»hod mon nro tho bost
advertisement this storo can possibly have.
Almost hnlf the life of footwear depends on an exact and comfortablo
lit. Lot us shoe you with an "INVICTUS" from tho Inrgost and
choicest stock in the Canadian West. Fair and consistent prices.
SPECIAL FITTING SERVICE TO EVERY PATRON.
THE BEST IN UNION-MADE SHOES
GOODWIN SHOE CO.
119 HASTINOS SXBXET SAST PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
raiBAT™
Men's Shoes With
"Class" and "Pep"
$7.50
WE have assembled the finest range of Shoes at
this price that wc think can be found in the
city. These Shoes are reliable and recommcndable,
and Wilson's will stand behind them for satisfactory
wear.   Sec what we can offer you:
Tony Red lnce, recede too, white Neolin Bolo
Mahogany Brown lace, recedo toe, whito Neolin sole
Mahogany Brown with recede too, brown Neolin sole
Tony Red loco with tho "high bump" toe, with cither
fibre or leather boIc
Mahogany Brown lace, with high too, with elthor fibre
or leather solos.
Also duplicato styles of each in black.   Soe them,
$7,50 THE PAIR
WILSON'S
Twin Shoe Stores
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Cambie
Some Preu Itemi on Ruuia
The "horrors of Bolshevism" is tho
heading to a dispatch printed in the
daily press which goes on to stato that
Bussian landlords are boing doprived
of their holdings and turned out into
tho streets. Heretofore the landlords
of every country did this to poverty*
stricken workers, but it was never dos-
scribed tu a horror by tho Flute press.
Monster mass meetings are to be held
in all tho largest citioB of tho Unitod
States on Sunday, Jan, 5, to demand
the immediate release of all political
prisoners.
The Portland, Ore., News informs its
roaders that the returning soldiers are
becoming I. W. Ws. and Socialists, becauso they are stranded and begging
for food in Eastern cities, And there
are two million more to be returned.
A dispatch reads that Catholics in
Holland will be rofused sacrament if
they aro members of any organization
that is in conflict with the Catholic re*
ligion. This sounds like another frantic
yet futile effort to savo the church from
the Inevitable crash.
Wear Union Buttons
York, Pa.—The members of tho
newly-organized union of street car
men are all wearing their union buttons and aro proud of the much-treasured ornament. It required a long contest to socure that privilege,
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
Ws Swam Tnd* Union FMnnift
No. 1 No. 2
IM Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
BOYS' ANO GIRLS' CORNER
-APPLICATIONS FOR-
Winter Term
DAY AND NIGHT SCHOOL
Received up to—
Monday, January 6th
Success—trained students are always in demand.
Phone Fairmont 2075
Phone us now, for full information.
Success Business College, Ltd.
E. SCOTT EATON, B. A., Principal
Corner Main and Tenth Vancouver, B. C.
NOW IS THE TIME
TO BUY FOOTWEAR
10,000 PAIRS OF SHOES FOR MEN, WOMEN
AND CHILDREN
AT BIG REDUCTIONS
AT OUR SEMI-ANNUAL
Clearance Sale
Extra Special every day next week in our Economy
Basement
THE STORY OF A LOAF OF BRSAD
[By J. B. Woodsworth]
Who mado tho loaf of broad we had
for supper! Mother? But where did
she get the flourf And whero did the
miller get tho wheat! It is like setting
the dinner table: it takes a great many
people to make a loaf of bread.
In the old days it was very simple.
The farmer went into his field carrying a bag full of seed. This he scattered broadcast. Then ho waited till
tho sun and the' rain had done their
work. When tho harvest was ripe he
cut tho wheat with a sickle, bound it
by hand into bundles, beat it out with
a flail or big club, tossed it into the
air to let tho straw and chaff blow
away. Then ho had his little heap of
wheat.
Next, his wife took two flat stones
and by putting tho wheat between
them and turning them round and
round ground the wheat into meal. This
she put over a camp firo and baked it
into a cake.
Then she and her husband divided
the enko. between them nnd probably
thanked God for sending tho fruitful
showers and blcBsing tho work of their
hands.
But how different -is the making of a
loaf of bread todnyl In preparing tho
ground, tho farmer uses plows and harrows and rollers. Ho puts in his grain
with a seeder. He takes it off with a
binder and threshes it with a great
threshing outfit. Tho miller has all
sorts of complicated machinery to grind
it.
Where do the agricultural implements and milling machinery come
from! We must take a long journey
to Eastern Canada or the United
States. Here we go into a great manufacturing plant. Thousands of men are
at work—machinists, moulders, blacksmiths, carpenters, boilermakers—all
tho trades. Tramways run through the
shops, great cranes swing overhead,
fires belch out strange fumes that almost choke one, live wiros and belts
and whoels and shafts make travelling
more dangerous than it is in tho jungles
of Africa. Amid these surroundings
all these men are helping to grow the
wheat that waves on the prairies.
And where does tho iron come from!
And the eoal used to smelt tho ironf
Over at Nanaimo hundreds of mon each
morning go deep down into tho earth—
you remember how a few weeks ago
a number of miners woro killed when
tho cago dropped part way down the
shaft. Theso miners go away under
the sea to get tho conl. Thore in tho
dark they work all day or all night
in dangor of frosh air being cut off,
in dangor of bad gasses creeping up
and smothering them, in danger of the
bending roof falling in and crushing
them, in danger of water leaking in
and drowning them, in danger of an
explosion hurling them to their doath.
These aro tho men lhat dig the coal,
that smelts the iron, that makes the
machine, that grinds tho grain, that
makes tho flour that mother uaed to
bake tho bread that Jack atel
You can tell all about where the
wood for tho machines come from.
Then how did the machinery get to
tho farmer! How many men helped to
build tho railroad or the ship! Yos,
tens of thousands. Without their help
the farmer could not grow .his grain
or could not get it to us.
Thon as wo carry on business today
wo must uso money to pay workmen,
to help us exchange goods, to buy.supplies. So we noed banks and loan
companies' and the great commercial
and financial system that has grown
np in recent years. Wo haven't time
to talk much about that now.
But think! We havo already spoken
of the agricultural industry, the manufacturing industry, tho mining and
lumbering industries, tho transportation and commorcial systems—all these
and tho millions of men whom they employ have helped to make our loaf of
bread.
It was easy for the old farmer and
his wife to divide tho loaf between
them. They two had made it all by
themselves. But into how many slicos
are wo to cut our loaf and who is to
havo the biggest slico, or aro we all
to have the samo sized slice! Don't
you see how difficult are our problems
nowadays, Tho servico that deals
with tho production of woalth, its distribution and its exchange, is called
economics, Aa our social life becomes
moro complox questions of right nnd
wrong dopond moro nnd moro on our
understanding of economics. Our laws
havo to do very largely with material
wealth, so you soo how important it
is for us to tako an interest in public
affairs.
In fact, today no man enn live to
himself alone—unless you are going to
livo liko Robinson Crusoe you must bo
interested in economic and social questions. Kvon Robinson CrusoaJfiftd his
man Friday! " ,
But to return once moro to our loaf
of bread. Should anyone who' doesn 't
holp havo any part of thc loaf! Should
my slieo bo as nearly as possible equal
to tho work I put into making the loaf,
or since I'm u growing boy with a big
appetite should I havo as big a slico
as I need!
Whon 'the old-tio farmer and his
wifo divided tho cako between them,
thoy thankod Ood for sending thc fruitful showers and blessing tho work of
their hands. Whon so many thousands
help mako tho loaf and wo know moro
about how tho wheat grows wo often
utter no word of thanks.
Now what would you think of the
man who thankod Ood for tho good
things on his table and yet had dono
nothing to help mnko' thom or know
that somo who had helped had nothing but thc crumbs that fell from his
table!
Many who know most about nature
and economics and lifo nro reverent as
they think of "tho Giver of all good
things."
But, it seems to mo, that not ono
of us who cats hiB slico of broad should
forgot tho many who helped, or, as the
broad gives new strongth, should refuse to hsd that strength for the oommon good.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Would
you kindly find space for this short letter! By doing so you will bo assisting
me to find Ernest Broadhurst,
Will Ernest Broadhurst, a roturned
voteran, lato of 137th, Edmonton, who
left Drumheller last November, communicate with the undersigned? Anyone knowing tho hid please draw hia
attention to this, and it sure will be
appreciated by a comrado.
T. P. THOMPSON.
Socretary Miners' Union 1746,
Drumheller, Alta.
Clerks Federated
Wnco, Tex.—Thirty-three lodges of
tho Brotherhood of Railway Clerks
representing the southwestern soction
mot here nnd formed an organization
to be known as tho Southwestern Federation of Railway Clerks. The delegates present represented a membership of over 10,000. R. J. Morgan of
Dallas was chosen permanent chairman
and J. R. Hooper of Houston secrotary.
Houston boasts of ovor 1000 mombors
and other locals reported that they
were closo seeonds.
Patronize Federationist   advertisers
and tell them why you do no,
Ideas  From  Cell No.  7,  Vancouver
Police Station
Editor B. C Federationist—As I
have been held in custody for threo
mouths at tho C P. S. on account of
being a very "dangerous" momber of
the Industrial Workers of tho World,
I would bo very thankful if I am allowed to speak some of my thoughts
through tho columns of tho official organ of organized labor, Tho B, C. Federationist,
During my imprisonment I could not
help thinking of the different stages of
evolution I had gono through before I
became a member of tho "dangerous"
I. W. W. Unfortunately I am only a
Swede so I can't speak nor write the
English languago as well as I wish to.
I left my homo among hills in the
northern part of Sweden oight years
ago and arrived at Winnipeg, Man., in
June, 1910; aftor a year and a half
I bogan to understand the language to
a certain extent, and the general slogan
of tho workers around Winnipeg, was
"Go West," because there is more
money and food to bo had out West.
So I went "out West" along with the
rest of the men.
Some years later I came to Calgary,
Alta., and as I was walking along
Eighth Avenue I happened to seo a
sign reading "Liberal Meeting," so I
wont along with six or seven hundred
othors, and thoro were four or five mon
on the platform, and tho principal
speakers of tho ovening got up and accused another kind of a "political
party," that ho called "Conservative"
—he aecuscd them of having dug into
somo treasure somewhere, and hnving
made investments that would never in
all tho ages to como, givo any returns,
and the "people" clapped thoir hands,
and so did I; it was groat, I thought.
I became very much interested, and
talked to all tho mon I could get hold
of, telling thom that it was no wondor
that wo are working so hard and get
almost nothing for it, when the "Conservatives '' aro digging into our treasury and spoiling everything for ub. My
slogan then was "Voto for tho Liberals—to h—1 with tho Conservatives. '' Excuse my clumsy attempt at
satire.
About one week lator I saw anothor
sign reading "Conservative Mooting,"
and I could not understand that those
scoundrels, the Conservatives, dared to
eome out in tho open and hold meetings at all, after all tho bad things wo
—tho poople—had hoard 6f thom a
week ago, so I wont to their meoting
nlso. It is useless to gay that I hated
thorn; of courso I was curious to learn
what they had to say for themselves,
tho darned scoundrels, as I called them.
Somo six or soven hundred porsons
woro prosont at that moeting, too, I
for my part remembering what I had
hoard at the Liberal meoting, expected
to see a bunch of shame-faced men
standing on tho platform trying to
apologize to ua—tho peoplo—for what
they had done to us, and I was also
gloating socrotly in my heart ovor tho
impossibility of clearing thomsolves in
tho eyes of the poople.
As I camo insido the door I saw three
or four mon on tho platform. They
did not look very shame-faced at all;
they looked neat and cloan and also,
to a certain extent, intelligent, so I
said to myself, "Aro thoso tho horrible scoundrels that those Liberals told
us about!" I could hardly beHove my
eyes, thoy looked so honest and well-
meaning. The speaker of tho evening
got up and started to accuso the Lib*
crals of not knowing anything about
economics, and ho also said that ho did
not believo that they, tho Liberals,
knew anything about handling tho administration of tho people, and he also
had his doubts as to their honesty, so I
was astonished when tho people started
to cheer and clap thcir hands at this
meeting too; ho also spoko something
about some other kind of a party that
ho called Socialists—ho said thoy were
drenmors and fools dnd did not know
whnt thoy woro talking about. Of
course, ns I did not know nnything
about political economy then I could
not say that ho wus a fool, but I
reached two conclusions; First, that
both tho Conservatives and tho Liberals must be a bunch of crooks, and
second, that I should go and listen to
somo of tho men that he, tho speaker,
sneeringly called Socialists. All my
faith in tho Liberals that I had so
faithfully believod in, faded away that
night, and tho Conservatives could not
givo mo any moro satisfaction oither,
so I left tho mooting in disgust.
After a whilo I wont to difforent
Socialist meetings and I became convinced thnt their explanations of sociology woro truo regnrding tho ultimate
downfall of capitalism, becauso tho
student of International Socialism can
not avoid becoming convinced that
capitalism carries tho seed of itB own
destruction within itB bosom and that
is "Tho robbery and exploitation of
tho workers at tho source of production." Tho spocches that I havo heard
at the different Socialist mootings appeal to my reason; it is vory true that
labor creates all woalth, and it ia on
titled to what it produces; it is nlso
true that tho wage system must of no-
ccssity be abolished somo time in tho
future.
However, I went to different placoa
looking for work, and sometimes I got
into a enmp whero the bed was unclean and the work hard, and sometimes I got rebellious and went up to
the foreman and told him that if ho
could not givo mo a cleaner bed and
more money I would not work any
longer for him, but he always told mo,
"Well, if you don't like it, why in
h— don't you get out of here!" So
I h&d to leavo and look for something
olse, and at least I did not dare to
say vory much because as soon as I
said anything I always got fired.
But at last a grand idea struck me.
I started to lenrn that if I wanted
eleaner bods and more reasonable treatment, the only thing waa to get into
a union of laborers and by the cooperative efforts of us all enforco our
aomands, and I selected the Industrial
Workers of the World, among aU tbe
WORLD WIDE NEWS
Cotton Worken Gain Right to Unite
The labor movoment of Brazil hat
gono beyond the propaganda stage. The
textile industry, tho basis of the garment industry, centres in and around
Rio de Janeiro, somo of the largest
textile mills in the world being located
there. The workers, who are banded
together in tho "Union of Operatives," sent thoir demands to tho
manufacturers organized in the Centra
Industrial de Brazil. The terms were
accepted aftor some parleying, and the
industry becamo organized. Whilo
wages aro not mentioned, tho principlo
of union recognition is definitely established, and thus an entering wedge secured. A weekly schedule of 50 hours
is agreed to.
Uruguay—Goneral Strike Threatened
As a purt of the epidemic of labor
disturbances now sweeping over Central and South America, news comes
from Montevideo that a general Btrike
is threatening. ThiB fact has resulted
in the government's calling upon the
military forces under date of Decembor 27 to bo prepared for mobilization
at any timo against the strikers.
Argentina—Socialist Conferees Chosen
Juan Junto, Socialist leader in tho
Argentina Chamber of Deputies, and
his colleague, Det&masso, have been
appointed by the Socialist Party to attend tho coming International Socialist
congress in Europe.
Cuba-—Workers on Political Strike
A general striko is on in Cuba. It
was precipitated as a sympathetic
walkout to aid the railroad workers
on tho Cuba Railroad. Although the
railroad workers won, tho goneral
striko continues, the demands being
largely of a .political and not of an
economic nature. The abolition of
laws permitting tho deportation of
"foreigners" who are "agitators" is
demanded. Tho employers now threaten American intervention.
Important Agreement Reached
An important conferonco has beon
reached between tho Socialist Tarty
the Socialist Party and thc General
Confederation of Labor. An agreement
has been reached by which tho confederation yields to the party the absolute right to call any general, local
national striko for a political
roason. On tho other hnnd, the Socinlist Party pledges itself to give all tho
support it ia able to give to any economic striko called by tho confederation.
Labor United In Opposing Imperialism
Tho General Federation of Labor,
tho League of tho Rights of Man, the
Republican Coalition, and tho Socialist Party have signed a joint manifesto
sotting forth that theso organizations
aro resolutely opposed to any policy of
imperialism in tho coming peace settlement.
Labor Clauses Demanded in Treaty
Tho labor eommittoo of the Chamber
of Deputies has adopted a report of
clauses relativo to international labor
legislation to bo inserted in the poace
treaty. These include: Prohibition
against night work for young industrial workers.and a 10-hour day for
women and youths in factories; a
minimum age of 14 years for tho employment of children, an eight-hour day
for adults in factories or mines, with
half a day's rest weekly; tho institution of periodic international labor
conferences.
Belgium and Italy to Bend Delegates
From prosent indications it appears
that Belgium will bo represented at
tho peaco conforonco by a Socialist,
Emile Vandorvoldo, president of the
International Socialist Bureau, and
that Italy will bo represented by an
expelled member of tho Socialist Party,
Loonida Bissolati.
Coet of Living in Oreat Britain
A parliamentary committeo of exports and economists was recently nppointed to make a study of tho increased cost of living with tho view
to determining what wage incrcaso
should bo granted in order to keep tho
working population on a plant of economic lifo equal to that preceding tho
war. Tho commission, which includes
some of tho leading statisticians . of
England, reports that betweon July,
1014, and Juno, 1018, tbe cost of living
for a wage-earner's family iu tho
cities of England increased from 68
per cont. to 80 per cent., with an aver-
ago of about 76 per cent. Clothing increased 06 per cont.; food 00 per cont.
Oeneral Strike of November 11-13
A detailed account of tho goneral
atriko in Switzerland, in which 900,000
workera participated, and in tho
course of which postal, telograph and
transportation servico wero entirely interrupted, has reached tho oditorial
offices of tho Now Yorker VolkBzoitung.
It appears that tho strikers demanded
now elections to tho Parliament on tho
basis of proportional representation,
woman suffrage, popular reorganization
oi tho army, guarantee of food supply
tn co-operation with agricultural pro*
ducors, a 46-hour week, goneral obligatory labor, state monopoly of Importation and exportation, old-age and in
validity insuranco, and payment of tho
public dobt by tho propertied classoB.
Aftor throe days, however, tho strike
committee was persuaded to call off the
striko.
..January 10, »»
Why We Are Doing the Big
SWEATER COAT Business
We have a broader selection and a larger stock than any
other store in the eity. And onr Coats are big values. Here
are a few of them:
f 12.50—Jumbo Knit Pure English Wool Coat j "Pride of the
West" manufacture; no better coat at any pricej heaviest
weight.
?9.75—Close knit j a warm, heavy weight coat that will prove
wonderfully serviceable.
?7.75—"Pride of the West" Coat; medium weight; pure
wool j a very satisfactory garment.
$5.5©--Pure wool coat; medium weight; exceptionally good
value,
$6.75—"Pride of thc West Coat; light weight; pure wool;
close knit for hard wear. This is last year's coat at last
year's price.
$3.95—Well finished coat in clean, tight worsted yarn; Cardigan knit; will give splendid wear.
The above Coats have roll collar and are here in the eolora
men require.   Less expensive Coats at $2.95 and $3.50
—Men's Store, Main Floor,
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INOOHPOIATBD 18.»
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits-
Total Assets	
..$ 25,000,000
-.$ 14,000,000
$ 15,000,000
.-$360,000,000
518 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and British Waat
Indies.
Also branchei in London, England, Ntw York Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vaneonver:
Main Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Comer Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weet.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue West
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street
2016 Tew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
A,!M>~r1'!(,.r*h Vanoou»ef. New Westminster and 27 otker points
in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION HID TO lATOr-M ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an mout, on wkUh intern   ii paid half-yawl? it
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vsscoaver Branca
o. w. num, ▼!»•»-«,
■ tn ao.
DRUG SPECIALS
FBIDAT AND SATUEDAT
91  Nolo]  78c
SOe Plato   Water    S-ie
91   Wyeth's Bage h Sulphur  .700
60c California Syrup of Figs  48C
16c Btar Hand Cleaner  .. .... 9c
85o Jad  Salta  - „ 67c
91   Liquid   Arvon   _ _.....76c
25c Witch Hatel Shaving Stick 13c
60c Hind's  Cream   _. 42c
60c Gin  Pills    Sic
75o Cremo  El  cityo   84c
60c Bland's   Pills     26c
25oMenn-nn*s Talcum  „ „ 14c
60oForrozone _ 86c
91  Reid's   Syrup    of   Hypophos-
phit-rs   ....-- 68C
500 Pink   Pills    -.  36c
25c Aspirin Tablets    13c
EOoCasBol'tt  Tablnts    _ „ 38c
25oDonton© Tooth Paste  17c
50oParrlah's Chemical Food  25c
25c Nature's Romedy  Tablets   16c
60c Brook's  Barley .  SSe
B5c Rold's Almond Cream  23c
60c Raid's Catarrh Crosra 40c
16c Verbena Bath Soap 3 for 26c
War Tax Extra When Required
Vancouver Drug Co.
Unites
Original Out-Bate Druggists
MAIM STOEE
105 Hutlnf • W. - Sty. 1986 ud IMS
BBAKCH STOBBS
7 HMttap W. Oey. SB32
712 Granville St. Sey.701S
Oor. Orurllla ud Broadway
Ber* SSK ud 17440-
419 Meta Stmt Ser. 30S2
1700 OoninwcUl Drift
Hifh._3.md 17830
12 Wage Boost
Soutli Bend. Ind.—A general wage
increase of $2 a wook has been secured
by organized elcetrotypors.
Dentistry!
•lewis,   BrtifM   ud    rwae.
mate a. saw akede u its en
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Opei evcnlnp 7:80 to  8:11.
Dental anne In eUandano--.
OOB.   ORUrVttLl   ABD   BOBtOI
STBEBIS
Over Owl Drnj Stan
neat Ser. SSSS
-THB—
TROGADERO
CAFE
For Union Men
168 HASTINGS STBBBT WEST
Phone Sey, 935
THE BEST PLACE TO BAT IN
VANCOUVEB — UNION OABD
Q'-od for ne jeaTe •ibaertelta-* ta TIM B
. —.    n    t       f*        l        O. Federetleilet, will bt Ballad to ur ad-
10 Sub. Cards w-«s^wkl-cw
*"   *f***"    ■«•••■'*•■«»     dlT,   namll wku aold.
other unions, becauso thoy includo so
much torritory. However, since my imprisonment I have learned that they
arc an unlawful orgnnizntion, and as I
am not much of a politician I cannot
understand how a fow mon at Ottawa
could make tho Industrial Workers of
tho World an unlawful organization.
In my opinion, thc order-in-council
should rend the Industrial Workora of
Canada, because as far as. my reason
goos tho men at Ottawa havo only tho
jurisdiction over tho workers of Canada, and not of the workers of the
world. After all. In spite ef my sufferings, my thoory is the same as tho immortal words of Paine, "The world la
my country, and to do good is my ro*
Hgion." In conclusion I also wish to
includo the equally grand words of
Karl Marx, ''Workera of the world,
unito; you have nothing to lote but
your chains, and a world to gain."
EBNBBT LINDBEBO,
805 Carrall Street
Victoria Mayoralty Campaign,
1919
To the Citizens of Victoria:
I beg to announce that I am a candidate for
re-election as Mayor.
If elected, ray policies will be a continuation
of those of the past two years, and I shall, at all
times, continue to do my utmost to advance the
interests of Victoria.
As in the past, I am strictly an independent
candidate, and am not connected with any political party, clique or interest
A. E. TODD,
8rd January, 1919, Mayor of Victoria.
Victoria, B. C. FBIDAT... Jaiuary 10, 1910
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OUR JANUARY
Offers everything in the
store at great reductions
with tha exception of meats, provisions
and a few contract lines.
Buy Now
and Save
Canada Food Board Lic-ensss 5-1482, 8-14590,10-4435,11-168
MMIM iMlfuUliJ III]
Granville and Georgia Streets
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Not
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump —Comox Nut—Comox Pes
(•fty oor Pes Ooal f« yott taAtttott ftmaee)
ji)/iii.iiK
iiacdonaloHarpoleCo.
Phone
Seumour^
ZIO
Phone
iwniw
zio
loot haw mm
Canadian Northern Railway
TXANKONTINBNTAL
Lowest Pouible Pauencw ram
—to—
BAITBBN DBITINATIONS
Modem Bquipmant—Ooarteoue Atteadante
Traval Comfort
Coniult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DMTMOT PABMNOBB AOBNT, MS HAMDTOi W, TANOOUVBB
TMsphoa* svaioar Md
HOTEL ALCAZAR
OpsoelM Uter Taew*
TABCOUTBB. »* 0.
—Baadaiarten far lata, Uaa—
ilea—lie ui 11.00 sec der.
li.OO par weak ud ap.
0OWAN   A   BROOKHOUSE
rsmiBs *un> rtnumaa
Frlaten te tke tttutttttm
tta  redanttealat  la  mdaaad  fraaa
ear  saedera aawapaper  prlallas  plul.
PAGE SEVEN
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Sreryone knows that oheap foods ean only be produced by
using oheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
ii produced from the highest grade materials procurable—
Cascade is a UNION product from start to Inish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
[Eugene V. Debs, ln New Tork Call]
We need to grow out of the aelflah,
sordid, brutal spirit ot Individualism
which atill lurks even in Socialists
and la responsible for the strife and
contention whioh prevail where there
ahould be concord and good will. The
aoelal spirit and tbe social oonaclence
must be developed and govern our
social relations before we ahall have
any social revolution.
If there are any among whom the
social apirit ahould find its highest
expreaalon, and who ahould be bound
faat In lta comradely embrace and
give to the world the example of lta
elevating and humanizing influence,
they are the Socialists. They of all
others, have oome to realise the hardening and brutalizing effect,of capltaliat Individualism In the awful
struggle for existence, and it la to
them a cause of unceasing rejoicing
that they live at a time in tbe world's
historic development when the very
condition* which resulted from this
age-long struggle forbid Ita continuance and proclaim ita approaching
termination.
The rule of Individualism, which
haa governed society aince the daya
of primitive communism, has effectually restrained the moral and spiritual development of the race. It haa
brought out the baaer aide of men'a
nature and aet them against each
other aa If the plan of creation had
designed them to be mortal enemies.
Typical capitalists are barren of
the social spirit The very nature ot
the catch-as-catch-can encounter In
which they are engaged makea them
wary and suspicious, if not downright hateful, of each other, and the
latent good that Is In them dies for
the want of incentive to express Itself.
I saw two auch capitalists shake
hands. It was pitiable. Their hearts
had no part In the purely perfunctory ceremony. They happened to
meet and could not avoid each other.
And so they mechanically touched
each other's reluctant hands, standing at right anglea to each other for
a moment—not face to face—and
thon passing on, without either looking the other In the eyea.
This cold and heartless ceremony
typified the relation begotten of capitalist Individualism, in which men's
interests are competitive and antagonistic, and In which each instinctively looks out for himself and la on
the alert to take every possible advantage ot hla fellow man.
The result of this system Is Inevitably a race of Ishmaelltes.
How differently two Socialist comrades shake hands! Their hearts are
In their palms and the Joy of greeting
la in their eyea. They have the social
spirit Their interests are mutual
and their aspirations kindred. If
one happens to be atrong and the
other weak, the stronger shares the
weakness and the weaker sharea the
strength et his comrade. The base
thought of taking a mean advantage,
one of the other, doea not darken
their minds or harden their hearts.
They are Joined together In the
humanizing bonds of fellowship. They
multiply each other, and they rejoice
In their comradely kinship. The
beat there Is in eaoh, and not the
worst, aa In the oontact ot Individualism, is appealed to and brougbt
forth for the benefit of both.
What an elevating, enlarging and
satisfying relation!
And this la tbe "dead level" of
mediocrity and servitude to which we
are to sink when this relation becomes unlvereal among men, ae It
will In the International Socialist republic.
So, at least we are told by those
who, in the present system, have acquired the Instincts and impulses of
animals of prey ln the development
of their Imagined superiority by
draining the veins and wrecking the
lives of their vanquished competitors, but we are not impressed by the
virtues of the system of which they
stand aa the shining examples.
Through all the agea past men,
civilized men, so-called, have been at
eaoh other's throats ln the struggle
for existence, and the spirit of individualism this struggle has begotten,
the spirit ef hard, sordid, brutal selfishness, has filled this world with
unutterable anguish and woe.
But at last the end ot the reign ot
anarchistic individualism is in sight.
The social forces at work ore undermining and destroying It, and soon Its
knell will be sounded, to the infinite
Joy of an emancipated world.
The largest possible expression of
the social spirit should be fostered
and encouraged In the Socialist
movement and among Socialists
themselves. In spite ef the hindrances which beset us In our present
environments and relations, we may
yet cultivate this spirit assiduously,
to our Increasing mutual good and
*.*> the good jf our great government.
In our propaganda, ln the discussion of our tactical and other differences, and ln all our other activities,
the larger faith that true comradeship inspires should prevail between
us. We need to be more patient,
more kindly, more tolerant, more
sympathetic, helpful and encouraging
to one another, and loss suspicious,
less envious and less contentious, if
we are to educate and impress the
people by our example, and, by the
results of our teachings upon ourselves, win them to our movement
and realize our dream of universal
freedom and sooial righteousness.
Manufacturers Are Able to
Escape "Unwise"
Taxation
SEATTLE UNION LAUNDRY
IS TO PAT DIVIDENDS
rirst Tsar of Operations Is Entirely
Satisfactory to All
Concerned
That stockholders of tho Mutual Laun
dry Company may decide to declare
dividends about the Irst of tho year,
was the statement mado by F, A. Bust,
socrotary, in issuing a coll for tho
soml-annual stockholders' meeting hold
recently. At this moeting a financinl
Btatemont was mado and aix trustocs
wero olected.
Bcviewing the history and progress
of the big union laundry concern, thc
capital stock of which is owned and
controlled by labor organizations and
Individual unionists, Bust gavo an Interview to tho Union Bocord.
Organized in 1914, tho Mutual Laun*
dry Company was capitalized at (25,-
000, about (19,000 of which was necessary beforo tho storm of opposition
from tho big private laundry intorests
was overcome During this period of
stress tho Lnbor Temple Association,
of which Bust is manager, financed tho
Mutual by putting a mortgage of (15,-
000 on the Labor Tomple and safely
carrying tho union laundry over tho
rough place. During this time the
laundry lost a total of (10,000, but with
tho powerful backing of the Labor
Templo Association hns now wiped out
tho overdraft, Is doing a business averaging (2300 por week, and mar be ln
a position to doclare dividends early
this year. ,
Old Phrases Are Used to
Bolster Up the Bankrupt System
[By J. 8. Woodsworth]
ABTICLE HI.
In previous articles wo have discussed Old Country schemes. Wo come now
to thoso "made in Canada."
The best known ia the programme of
the Industrial Beconstructlon Association, whieh is practically a child of
the Manufacturers' Association.
A few paragraphs Indicate the scope
and viewpoint of the manufacturers'
programmo:
"Employors and workmen, labor
unions and veterans' organizations,
havo a mutual interest in opposing unwise taxation. . . . Thore is a great
dangor that land taxation would retard
immigration and settlement. ... A
great influx of desirable settlers will
be wanted in order that the individual
burden may be lossencd by distribution
over a largor population."
So immigration may be aB ln tho
past, a good thing for us but rather
hard on the Immigrant I Especially so
whon wo consider our liabilities.
According te Sir John Willison, thus
far the greatest revenue we havo raised in any year was (170,000,000. When
tho war is over in ordor to meot previous interest and tho general purposes
of govornment our annual charge will
bo (350,000,000, and possibly (400,000,-
000. That means that there will bo an
annual charge of at least (50 on evory
man, woman and child In tho Dominion.
Bomemberl Many of us havo heavy
private burdens to carry. We are paying heavy tribute to those who have
"made money" out of inflated land
values and out of "watered stock."
We aro paying heavy tribute to monopolistic corporations and protected interests. We are paying heavy tribute
to an army of middlemen. We are
struggling under the load of municipal
IndebtodnesB and provincial obligations. Now on top of all this, wo are
to provide (50 eaeh to our federal
finances. Not a rosy prospect for a
man with a wife and six children—
(305 a yearl If ho doesn't pay it
Some one else must!
Undoubtedly taxation will be a largo
item in eur reconstruction programmo,
but thero may be somo difference of
opinion aa to what is "unwise taxation."
According to Prof. O. D. Skelton,
head of tho department of political
economy of Queen's University, "In
tho four years of war Canada has met
only six per eent. of the direct principle oost of tho war out of surplus revenue, as against £0 por cent met by the
Unitod Kingdom; while the United
States has met tho extraordinary proportion of 44 por cent, the first year
and propasos to meet 42 per cont. this
year."    (Canadian Federal Finance.)
Prof. Skolton contrasts tho policy
of the United Kingdom with that of
Canada. In 1917*8 in tho United Kingdom 81 por cent, of tho taxes came
from property and income; only 19 per
eent. on consumption. In Canada on
the other hand in 1917-8 only 11 per
eent. of tho taxes eame from property
and income, consumption being 89 per
eent. In the earlior years of the war
consumption bore tho entiro burden-
Truly, the manufacturers—many of
thom may justly he called war profiteers—seem to be able so far to escape
"unwise taxation." They propose to
do ao In the reconstructed Canada.
Let us quote again from their programme: "Customs duties must continue to bo tho chief source of revenuo.
Duties necessary to provido revenue will afford such incidental protection as should enable ub to create and
maintain now industries and tako full
advantage of all that we have loarned
during the war of processes of manufacture, stores of raw material and
requirement of overseas markets. , . .
"By manufacturing in Canada wo create local Industrial communities, provido employment for labor, trado for
merchants and home markots for producors. ''
How strangely familiar the old
phrases! Thoy have dono duty on
every eleetion platform sinco tho good
old days of "Sir John A." Tho national policy of reconstruction turns
ont, thon, to be simply Canada's "National Policy" en an onlargcd scale.
Undor Iho now phrases of "rebuilding
dovastatod Europo" and "opening up
of tho Orient'' our attention Is turned
to now and larger markots. Canada
has boon exploited. Tho manufacturers aro now looking for other worlds
to eonquor.
It is not necessary hore to go into
tho old academic question of Free
Trade versus Protection. MoBt of ua
aro coming to understand that if wc
buy "Made in Cnnada" goods, as tho
manufacturers ndviso, tho Dominion
govornment gains no rovenuo from customs dutlos, but the Canadian menu,
fncturor is ablo to add to his rcgulnr
profit an amount equal to the customs
duty. If, on thc othor hand, wo buy
imported goods, we as consumers carry
tho financial burdens of the country
whilo at tho same timo Canadian Industries are not built up—tho whole protectionist schemo falling to tho ground.
Wo arc, further, coming to understand that "Protection" is tho mother
of trusts, the sourco of much of our political corruption and a constant men*
aeo to international goodwill.
Naked and unashamed tho programmo of tho Manufacturers' Association is placed boforo us as a reconstruction policy. Aro the peoplo of
Canada willing that this policy enlarged and strengthened and backed up by
military powor should bc our nntionnl
policyf
Lot us dwell on tho well-sounded
phrases: "By manufacturing in Cnnnda wo (1) crcute local industrinl centres. Undoubtedly true. Our cities
nnd industrial enraps have grown at the
expense of prosperous rural communities. Are the country people satisfied
with the rostdtf   Are the men in tho
RUSSIA FBOM WITHIN
J. Finoberg, of the B. S. P., Litvin-
oil's secretary in England, thus describes his flrst impression of a visit to
Bussia, last June:
Preconceived notions of the appear-
anco of a great city during a revolution, together with tho lurid tales of
English press correspondents, increased
one's astonishment on entering Potro*.
grad. -The town presented a strikingly
normal appearance. At the station
tried guards are at the entrances and
exits. Outside there is little on the
surface to indicate that the greateat
social conflict ia the world's history Is
being fought out here. In tho thoroughfares droshkies and the trams aro running. In the Novsky Prospect crowds
of people are promenading. Prosperous
looking bourgeois are taking their families for a walk, apparently not afraid
of being robbed or murdered. Vendors
are selling all sorts of wares. The flrat
signs of change came as a shock on seeing fashionably dressed women st the
street corners selling cigarettes, flowers and sweets, obviously for a livelihood. High over the Winter Palace ia
tha rod flag ot International Socialism.
Moscow presents a similarly orderly
appearance. When ono arrived there
on Sunday thore was a long queue at
tho railway station, people going to the
eountry for the day. Hore also were
bustling crowds of hawkers. The armed
guards at different parts wore not as
numerous aa the policemen te bo seen
in London.
Living Costs $14.76 Week
San Francisco—Mrs. Sarah Hagan,
chairman of tho United Garment
Workors, appeared beforo the industrial welfare commission with documentary evldonce to show that tho
cost or living of a single woman in
these times, without putting anything
asido for a rainy day, is (14.75 a week.
Her list shows such items as wholo-
some food, substantial clothing, ono
picture show a week and 10 cents for
church plate. Tbo purposo of tho meeting was tho proposod readjustment of
tho wago* schedule for women to fit
post-war conditions. No decision was
reached. Representatives of employers
advocated a national wago scale in ordor that there might be no disadvantage suffered by any of the various
states.
SOME NEW AND VERY BEAUTIFUL WAMP-r.-Bf or
BELL ART PIANOS
HAVE JUST ARRIVED
The nuns "BELL" in piano history is synonymous with
QUALITY—with DURABILITY-with a TONAL BEAUTY
that lasts as long as the instrument itself I
VISIT OUR WAREROOMS! Satisfy yourselvea that in
the BELL ART PIANOS are embodied the great essentials
of CONTINUOUS MUSICAL SERVICE - structural
strength—tone quality—perfect aetion.
TERMS 17 DESIRED
Montelius Piano House Ltd.
524-28 GRANVILLE ST.
Terms If Desired
camps satisfied! Are wo, dwellers of
tho cities, satisfied! If our cities
double their populations and tho prico
of real estate doubles, and the cost of
living doubles, will we be any better
satisfied f
"By manufacturing in Canada (2)
we provido employment for labor"—
tho bait to catch labor votes. Has tho
manufacturers' policy provided employment! Ask the thousands whose
grentest nnxioty in lifo is to find a
i-toady job. Rathor, profitable manufacturing demands , and an abundant supply of cheap labor. Aro tho people of
Canada contented to be "cheap labor"
increasingly in competition with Oriental labor!
"By manufacturing in Canada, we
(3) provide trado for merchants"—the
bait to catch middle class votes. Trne,
If the meaning is trado for big business,
tho littlo men know that commercial
developments aro squeezing them out,
and aro beginning to understand that
increased manufacture, under existing
conditions, does not involve for their
increasod prosperity—rather the ro*
verso,
"By manufacturing wo (4) provido
homo markots for producors"—tho
bait to catch the formers' voto. But
once bitten twice shy. Tho farmers of
Canada in thcir reconstruction pro*
gramme, denounces the wholo protected
manufacturers' policy and demand, not
homo markots, but open markets.
The association niight hnvo added a
fifth clause—"By manufacturing (under our poliey) we provido opportunities for the enrichment of tho few,''
All very well for the few. Boforo
tho war, a fow grow wealthy at the expense of tho wolfaro of the common
peoplo. During tho war, thoso fow
havo increasod and consolidated their
fortunoa Now by a reconstructive policy, it Is proposed to continuo the great
work.
Very desirable; bnt will the people
stand for itt
The Jonah-Prat Co., 401 Hastings St. West
100 Overcoats, regular valiie
$27.50, reduced to	
$21
These were extra special values at $27.50.
Buy now before they are all gone.
Regular $6.00 Pants.  To clear
at .	
Look them over,
values.
$4.95
They are exceptional
Union Store—Everything for Men—Union Store
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings Street West
nilteiw-y Shames the Dnltsd States   ing that Mooney be either released or
Washington—"What would be aaid
of a world-leading democracy wherein
10 per eent. of the adult population
cannot read the laws which they are
presumed to know!" asks Seeretary of
tho Interior Lane in his annual report.
Tho cabinot official asks this quostion
bocauso the draft disclosod that of tho
first 2,000,000 mon conscripted,  there
woro 800,000 who could not road thoir
ordors or understand them whon delivered or read tho lottors sont from home.
Secretary Lano declares that tho nation I union tlckots.
sponds in a year twice as much fori
chewing gum as it does for school
books, moro for automobiles than for
all primary and secondary oducation,
ond pays the avorage school teacher
loss than it pays the avorage day laborer.
given a new trial. It is to be hoped
that tho powers that be will understand
what Australia meana—that when Australian Labor speaks, SS per cent, of the
working manhood of Australia carrying
union tickots, speaks. No other eountry
in tho world can register the same effective protest as Australian labor,
becnuflo no other country in tho woi'Xl
can claim that, on government oHcm!
figures, tho workers to the extent of SO
per cent, are trades unionists, carrying
Australia Strong for Mooney
Australian Labor has taken up tho
fight on Tom Mooney'» behalf itt very
earnest. From ono end of Australia to
tho othor, stato organisations of Labor,
trados and labor councils and individual unions are passing motions demand*
TO Form Matins ConneU
Now Orleans—Delogatcs from all the
gulf states mot here in convontion to
form a Gulf Districe Marine Connell of
tho various organized crafts engaged in
building ships. Approximately 100
delogates, representing 40,080 men,
wero in attendance. A committee of
throo has boen sent to Washington to
perfect arrangements for obtaining the
charter from tho American Federation
of Labor, Bnd to look after other details incident to forming tho organisation.
Union Blue Label
Cigars
EIDoroandEISidelo
McLEOD, NOLAN & Co.
Makers
LONDON, ONT.
These Cigars are made
from the highest grades
of Imported Tobacco
grown, and are made
under the most sanitary
conditions in a strictly
union factory.
Any honest connoisseur
of tobacco will teH you
that they are the Cigar
of Cigars.
For Sale Everywhere
It roar rl-Mlcr hain't tot laeia,
wrlu B. J. KLMSE, sin uteris si,
VanoMw, a. 0. P""-*-""
PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAf„
..January », IMS
Men's
Overcoats
When it comes to giving
real value this Store for
Men is first—and the rest
nowhere.
We give real honest-to-
goodness value, not by
spasms, but every day,
every week, every month,
always.
This is the happy-to-show-
you store, where you can
come in and look around
without feeling obligated.
You'll find we have what
we advertise.
In overcoats we've a fine
range' of dark mixture
tweeds; comfortable,
good looking and very
serviceable.
Exceptional value at
t-PI-ricbt IUrtSdwSti*. am.-
$15   $20   $25
Claman's
LOOTED
153 HASTINGS ST. W.
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
The Pioneer Union Store
New Agreement Presented
to J. J. Coughlan & Sons
by Metal Trades
During.the past woek a now agreement was presented to tho firm of J. J.
Coughlan ft Sons by the executive of
tho Vancouver Metal Trades Council.
Mr. J. J. Coughlan, Br., stated that
it was a financial impossibility for
him to pay any incrense in wyges under his present contracts unless the
govornment assisted him in the same
manner as the government of the
United Stntes had assisted tho various
shipbuilding,firms on thc other side.
In view of thc fact that members of
tho Metnl Trades Council, working under thc llobertsou and Macy agreements aro receiving a considerable
amount in wages over the nmount the
firm of Coughlan & Sons are now paying, there is no doubt that some action
will havo to be tnken in order to bring
the wages of members working in the
Coughlan yard up to at lenst the
.same level ns Ihe members working under the  Robertson Agreemont.
The latest award handed down by
Mr. MaeJJonald, labor adjuster, under
Robertson Agreement, calls for an increase in wages of 2 3-4 centa per hour,
making a total -increaso since the agreement wus entered into of 4 3-4 cents
per hour. This incrcaso became effee
tive December 1st, 1918, and is based
on the increaso in the cost of living
from figures supplied bv thc governmont. All membors working undor the
Robertson Agreement should seo that
they nro now receiving the following
rates of pay, as all firms have been notified by the business agent to pay
same:
Wago Scale for Members of Local 620
Effective December 1, 1918.
Operators of locomotive cranes <6.98
Operators of gantry cranes  6.98
Operators of double cable ways.... 6.98
Operators ot all double machines.. 6.98
Operators   of   electrical,   air,   or
steam    operated    winches    or
donkeys 6.98
Oporators of singlo  aerial  cable
ways  6.38
Operators of overhead cranes (in
shops) 6.38
Steam and electrical operators in
power houses 6.38
Enginoers in chargo of boilers  5.88
Firemen  „ 4.78
Oilers  6.38
Furnacemen  .5.38
Operators of single drum   steam,
electrical   or  air   winches   and
donkeys, not hoisting 5.38
Several members working in mills
reported that it was the intention of
tho firm where they were employed to
reduce thcir wagcB and stated tbat
should this action be taken they would
all refuse to continue working. When
this fact was pointed out to the firm
by thc business agent, and they were
shown that the cost of living was still
increasing, and instead of . reducing
wages they should bo increasing same,
the firm assured thc business agent
that they would not reduce tho wages
of their engineers until such time as
there was a considerable decrease in
tho cost of living.
Business Agent Alexander considers it was not tho fact of him being
a good talker that pursuaded the fljm
to take this action, but thc realization
by the firm that the members of the
union he was representing intended
acting in unison (as all union men
should act) that was responsible for
the firm's action in agreeing not to reduce thcir wages,
Clearance Sale of
MACKINAW COATS
Reg. $15, $16.50 and $18
Clearance Price
$12
—SHOP OF-
"Fashion
Craft"
614 OBANVILLE STBEET
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
Victoria Metal Trades Oouncll
At tho weekly meeting of tho Metal
Trades Council on Friday ovening, credentials were recoived for tho following delegates, who wcro duly seated:.
Electrical Workers,' Brothers Dooley,
Barnes, Hynes and Ormond; Amalgamated Carpenters, 2651, Bro. J. Green j
Painters, Bro. Johnson.
Delegato Harbor*! wus elected vice-
president, re Delegate Chlsholm resigned. Much discussion tootf placo with
regard to tho increase of pay granted
from Sept. 1, several firms not having
complied with Adjuster Macdonald's
decision.
Organizer Watchman pointed out that
thc attitude of several of tho organizations was detrimental to getting the In-
crease, as some of them had gone on
record as boing in favor of repudiating
the Robertson agreement, and thus in
somo instances thoy wcro no nearer a
settlement today, than in August last
Delegate Dontmchie spoko on the Bflri-
ous state of affairs prevailing, owing to
the inadequacy of hospital accommodation in the city, citing -a recont caso,
which, because of the serious nature of
the accident, was takon to St. Joseph's
Hospital, being nearest, but owing to
the accommodation having been taken
by the government for returned soldiers, thp ambulance was diverted to
tho Jubileo Hospital, the injured man
dying on the way. A committee com-
poi'ed of Delegates Wylio, Huby and
bonnnchle wus appointed to investigate tho hospital situation.
Cholbcrgs shipyard came is for severe criticism, whero tho management
has apparently adopted stalling tactics
in connection with the two conts per
hour bnck pny. Action was taken to
bring about a decision.
PARTY MEETING
J. S. Woodsworth Spoke on
Christianity and Labor
Movement
The weekly meeting of tho Federated
Labor Party, held in the Columbia Theatre, Sunday evening, was well attended. Tho audience was very attentive,
and took a keen interest in the lecture.
Mr. H. Dakers occupied tho chair,
and after stating tho aims of tho party,
introduced Mr. Woodsworth of Vancouver, who in the courso of an interesting
address on the subject, "Christianity,
and the Labor Movoment," -said:
"Tho Federated Labor Party indicated n new development amongst the
working class, the crisis wns leading us
to join forces to get what was duo to
us. Tho people were yet under tho dominance of the church, the church was
a social institution, and liko thc schools
and press, was largely reactionary. For
2000 years, Western Europo had been
recognized as under Christian civilization, and it was a force to bo reckoned
with, when we take into account tho
onvironmont and its consequent effects,'
but that it was losing its hold was evidenced by tho manifestations of the
present day. The Federated Labor
Party was one manifestation, tho Labor unions nnother, the Bolsheviki another. Tho great changes in the outlook of the working class, was duo to
tho change that had taken place in tho
system of production. Up till ono hundred and fifty years ago, production
was largely carried on by hand, but
with the introduction of machinery, a
social revolution'took placo, the worker
left homo and went to tho faatory.
Now only a fow could own tjtc tools
and control industry; the rest, the
great mass, had no voico except to ask
for a job."
As an illustration, tho speaker mentioned the case of a farmer, who previous to the socinl revolution, sowed
his own grain, reaped, thrashed nnd
ground it into flour; his wife baked it
into loaves, and it was consumed by
tho farmer nnd his family; but today,
it was altogether different. The agricultural machinery and the industrial
plants necessary to its production; the
coal, timber nnd othor materials required; the transportation systems, all
entered into tho mnking of thc loaf today, and mode production not individual, but social; thc problem was not
how to make a loaf, but how it should
bo cut, ond it was no longer safo to
trust the ownership of the means of
production in the hands of a few; what
was socially produced, should be socially owned, for the benefit of all, and the
present system must inevitably give
place to a new, namely, control by thc
people.
Tho speaker emphasized the great
contrast between tho teachings of Jesus
and that of the churches of today; that
Churchianity was the dominant fonturo,
not Christianity. The church had bo-
come a class institution, and tho mass
of tho workers were not found there,
for the church corporations were after
thc dollars and cents, liko any other
capitalist institution. In all the mysterious rites and ceremonies, in all thc
creeds, in all tho hymns and prayers,
tho trend of thought was towards another world, and the good thought was
towards another world, and the good
things that wero waiting for tho weary
slavo in tho sweot bye and bye! The
church had not a high code of ethics,
for it condemned individual personal
vices, but it hud not taught the great
social virtues. It was a sin to steal a
pin, wo ho,d been taught, but the man
who stole a franchise or a railroad, w»>
sont to parliament, and very probably
would receive a knighthood! Tho old
kind of stealing was to put yonr hand
in another's pocket and holp yourself,
but tho new kind was to got control of
what oiigfit to belong to all tho peoplo.
Tho discovery of coal—which had undergone a process covering millions of
years in its formation—wns of groat importance to the human raee, yet we find
the coal of the world owned rfnd controlled by a class who had appropriated
it. The day was coming when such
men would bc regarded as thieves, for
no one has any right to tako out of a
community more than they contribute
towards it.
Mr. Woodsworth went on to explain
his reasons for leaving tho church, of
which ho wns a minister, and gavo illustrations of conditions during an epidemic in Winnipeg, when a great number of children, all mostly of thc poorer
clnBs died, mainly dun to the huddled
up, hnlf starved, insanitary condition
of the working class districts, and ro-
collected seeing a number-, of graves,
ready dug to receive all the little bodies. Tho hypocrisy of tho burial service: "For as much as it hath pleased
God," etc., was borne in upon him, and
ho realized that his duty lay in trying
to save the childron alive, rnther than
burying them. 'On another occasion, hia
attitudo had been questioned, regarding n strike, whero ho had shown sympathy with the working class, nnd was
of tho opinion when a church got to thc
position thnt its members were advised
to voto Union Oovernment, or a minister was required to givo a statement of
tho number of recruits obtained, that
it wus time to havo done with tho
church. Thc powers that bo have got
possession of tho church, and made it
over to suit thcir purposes. Jesus' was
a man of the people, by trado a carpenter ,and yet it was curious to noto
tho exalted position he was placed fn
today by tho ruling class, while tho
workers were trampled upon nnd exploited. Jesus placed human life first,
property second, while todny tho
church preached Christianity and elevated property ownership.
Tho humnn lifo todny was tho cheapest, tho workers might contract tuberculosis in n factory ns n result of damp,
ill-ventilated workrooms, but If the machinery began to rust, heat would bo
Installed, becnuso machinery was of
more consideration than humnn life,
The master class knew if one slave died
others would bc waiting at tho door.
The* government of the country had
taken a strong, healthy, stalwart man
nnd sent them to Franco to bc maimed,
or killed. Surely if it was right to confiscate human life, it was right to confiscate property. Jesus had snid, "thc
servant is not above his lord," but Ho
said also, "he wns the greatest who
served others." Today the man was
greatest who had got most; and thc
plutocrat who had made millions of
dollars out of the war, was elevated
for the admiration of thn poople. Bishop Ooro, of Oxford, had said that the
Germans wero not alono In their taill-
Exceptional
Corset
Values
At $1.35—Low, medium
or high-bust Corsets, in
white or fleBh coutil, made
with long skirts and some
have reinforced fronts.
Splendid styles, in all
sizes from 19 to 30. Un-
usual values, $1.35 a
pair.
AT ?2.95-Corscts in
brocades and plain materials, in white or pink, low
or medium bust designs*
in latest styles. Some of
these have elastic insertB
in skirt and tho majority
of thev models have six
hose supporters. There
are all sizes from 19 to 34.
575 Grmoille 'Phone Sey. 3540
taristic ideas, and tho revelation of the
secret treaties by tho Bolsheviki had
placed thc Allies in an unenviable and
contemptible position. "It was dangerous to refer to Russia,"'declared
Mr. Woodsworth, and quotations wcro
rend from tho London Nation, London
Chronicle, Manchester Guardian nnd
Westminster Gazette, all speaking
against Allied intervention, and calling
for tho withdrawal of British troops
from Bussia.
A number of questions woro nskod
and answered. Tho collection, amounting to $28.70, was announced by tho
chairman, also that tho Victoria Trades
and Labor Council wero going to hold
a protest mooting tho following Sundny,
when _ a monster meeting is expected,
tho vital questions to bo taken up boing, the "Censorship," ond tho "Russian Question," "Ban on Litoraturo,"
etc. .
IS
The Proletariat Is Gradually Taking Control the
World Over
Tho array of tho proletariat still continues its victorious inarch in overy
country on tho globe. The revolutionary wavo is Btill rising, and is destined
ere long to shatter all opposition. Those
in tho know caunot help onjoying the
plight of the master class. How helpless they s-.-i-m au how woefully ignorant. They aro in control of the ship,
but they no longor steer it. They have
no compass, and society ia drifting.and
will continuo to do so until thc working class comes forward and takes tho
holm." Tho capitalist Ib now utterly unable to gauge the future. In a system
of production for salo, supply must anticipate demand, and owing to the peculiar situation, due to thc stoppage of
the war, tho inflation of tho currency
through tho floating of war loans, etc.,
wo aro going rapidly to chaos.
Tho machinery of weulth production,
or rather tho present system of wealth
production, that has production for salo
and profit, as tho bo aU and end all of
its existence, is rapidly flying to pieces.
It is this fact, (the breakdown of capitalist production), that is tho fundamental causo of tho situation in Europo. The Allies hnvo won and yet
havo not won anything, because there
is.nothing to-win. Capitalism is played out. It is impossible, however, for
the master clnBs to realize this, and
they will continuo to plow tho sands
until thc proletariat moves in its own
bohalf.
It i_ now stated that tho Allies are
going to withdraw from Russia, and it
may be expected that they will withdraw from Germany also, or their
troops stand u good chanco of becoming infected with Bolshevism. The
Spartacus group havo the situation well
lu hand, and aro bound to establish full
control in tho immediate future. It is
an interesting spectacle that confronts
tho world. Thc Hpartacus group nro a
small body in tho midst of a sea of
enemies, and yet they movo steadily
ahead. All the power and might of
tho Allies and German' reactionaries
combined cannot stny thc advance of
tho revolutionary army. In the recent
eleetion in Britain, thc deep dyed red
section, mostly kept away from thc
polls. T"hoy have a card up their sleeve
that will be played whon the situation
is fully developed. It may appear that
now and again a temporary setback
will occur, but tho advanco all along
thc lino will bo maintained. Tho awful
mi-irry following in tho wako of the
wnr, wns anticipated by all thinking
minds. Look at the conditions in Belgium for instance. They nppcnr to bo
worse than they havo ever been. The
demobilization of tho millions of working men In Britain, and tho throwing
on tho streets of hundreds of thousands
of working women is likely to creato
liavic in the Old Country. Something
is bound to give there immediately. It
is impossible to feed tbe slaves of England under tho old system nnd she
looks like being the next to make the
plunge. Thc working men do not seem
yot to grasp the fact that the master
class has clean nnd completely lost its
head. It doos not know what to do.
The capitalist controls tho state, but
the machino won't work, nnd tho world
is waiting with bated breath for thc
universal riso of the proletariat.
Thnt this is imminent, there Is no
doubt. Spurred on by necessity, and
driven hy tho insane badgering of ig
norant officials, the working class is
now forced to move. The goal should
be kept clearly in view. The working
class ownership of the meana of wealth
production, and the abolition of the profit system. Everything Ib going flne for
the slave class, therefore be bold and
march confidently forward. It is impossible to be too audacious. It is impossible to demand too much, because
nothing short of tho whole shooting
match is of any use. It Ib now realized
that compromise is impossible, between
the working class and tho master class.
It is a fight to a finish, a fight to the
denth. In many countries the bitterness between the contending elements
will increase as thc conflict grows more
desperate ,and quarter will bo neither
given nor taken. The man who a few
years ago looked forward to a peaceful
transition from capitalism to the cooperative commonwealth, percelvcB now
that this -is not likely to occur. Tho
capitalist system will bo smashed to
smithereens beforc thc building of tho
co-operative commonwealth begins.
Thc old war horses of thc social revolution smell the battlo from afar, and
aro lining up for tho last great political combat. The next great clash botweon capital and labor will bo tho last,
because there will bo no cessation until
the slavo comos out on top. Tho triumph of our class iB ns certain as tomorrow's sunrise and it behooves us
each and every ono to do our bit, and
wherever we happen to bc to tnko our
stand and play our part, For tho flrst
timo since civilization began, the slavo
and the master stands face to face. AU
tho veneer, all tho hypocrisy, has been
cast aside. Thc mask is off. Wo know
our enemy and he knows us. "Down
with the systom of profit." Down with
tho barriers that bar our way to liberty. How small the movement seemed
Jive years ago, compared with the dimensions it has reached today.' Three
hundred millions already lined up under tho red flag, and the numbers increasing by the hundred thousand every
day. The victory is ours in this generation.
Tho master class Is In mortal dread
of tho future. It judges tho working
class by itsolf. The. working men and
women are tho only decent creatures
on tho planet, nnd tho world they build
will bo a clean world, a world in which
fraud, corruption, vico, filth and all tho
fruits of capitalism can not exist. Tho
mnster class has no need to fear the
victory of tho working class—if it behaves itself and consents to bo transformed from a parasitic element into
a useful portion of society. Should the
capitalist class break its own laws, then
may the Lord havo mercy upon it, for
thn slaves will have none, and the accumulated misery of ten thousand years
will bo avenged at onc stroke.
LAUNDRY WORKERS
ELECT NEW OFFICERS
Every Effort to Raise Funds to Appeal
Caso of W. ti. Oeofroy Will
Be Alade
At the last meeting of the Laundry
Workers' Union tho following officers
wero elected for the coming term:
President, J. Little; vice-president,
Mrs. Graves; secretary-treasurer, E.
Levy; recording secretary, Mrs. Lo-
Brun; trustees, N. Thompson, W.
Reed and J. Hart; finance committeo,
G. Carter, Mrs. Croclman and Mrs. Cot-
tarn; guards, J. Wilcox and W. Todd.
A letter was received from tho
Trades and Lnbor Council sating that
no further striko pay would bo forthcoming.
Tho appeal caso of W. L. Goofroy,
who was sentenced to 18 months' im-
QUIET WHEN ALLIED
IN
Press Reports Were Not
True as to Scenes of
Disorder
Nothing to Sanction American Troops in
Siberia
The nows from Russia, particularly
sinco the Bolsheviki havo had control,
has been notoriously false. Tho stories
of massacre and anarchy aro, of course,
largely for effect. ... It is also
well known that tho various governmental censorships, principally tho
British, have suppressed actual news
messages sent by accredited correspondents of accerditod nows associations
from Moscow and Petrograd—messages sent by men who were not themselves Bolsheviki at all, but simply
honest journalists. And many aro tho
stories of events by "eyewitnesses"
who saw no moro than tho inside of a
hotel in Stockholm, Not a word of tho
constructive work being dono by the
Soviet government has been given out
by tho press. ... All that wo aro
allowed are silly stories about now decrees on marriage and free lovo, issued
(whero rarely authentic) by irresponsible groupB striving to put tho Soviet
govornment in a falso light. When a
really first-rate analysis of what the
Soviet government iB doing iB published—like "Tho Soviets at Work," by
Lenine—wo nre informed by Postmaster General Burleson that it is unbailable.
But thc worst of all is tho fashion
prisonment during tlio striko, together
with the case of another member awaiting trial on the samo chargo, was discussed at length, and jn viow of tho
fact that funds must be raised immediately to carry on these cases, an appeal was ordered to be mado to organized labor for assistance. No
efforts havo been spared by tho Laundry Workers, thoro being a series of
ontortniuments already under way to
raise funds.
Although the striko has boen cnlled
off, only a very small number of girls
hnve been ablo to get back to work in
thc laundries or elsewhere, and as reported at tho meeting thero nro somo
80 girls, many of whom ar self-supporting, and about 20 men now left without
any resources, until such time as they
obtain employment.
Jewelery Workers
Tho International Jewelery Workers will hold a smoker and concert at
Room 307 Labor Temple tonight (Friday) at 8.30 o'clock. The nomination
of officers is to take place on this occasion. David Spencer's havo agreed
to comply with the request of the
union. The only two firms now out-
Bide the pale are Paul and McDonald's
and Lyttleton Bros.
in which the news about Allied intervention is distorted. We ue led to believe that Allied troops landed 4a
Vladivostok to restore "law aad
order," to put down thr rule of aa
anarchical minority and to substitute a
democraic government. It is false. '
Thero was quiot and the best of law
and order at Vladivostok when Allied
tro»ps landed. The Soviet had the support and affection of tho people. The
Allied troops did not set np a demo*
cratie government) they set up a reactionary dictatorship. We ate prepared to prove that in every case where
Allied troops have invaded Russian
soil they have overthrown the popular government and set np a temporary
government resting for its support oa
foreign bayonets, a government reactionary and, in some cases, even frankly monarchist. It is safe to say that
tho average American citizen would be
thoroughly shocked at knowing the
kind of imperialistic and anti-demo*
craitc gamo which is being played by
our own and our Allies' armies in Russia. Theso are facts, and we think it
high timo that they be told. We do not
beliove that our own governmont wants
tho restoration of tho   monarchy   in
j Russin, or that it would support a demonstrably unpopular government for-
over. Tho American govornment would
| like to seo in Russin a liberal and commercial republic liko ourselves—a
quiet, respectable governmont with
which we couttl do business. Undoubtedly. But what we should like and
what wc are as a matter of cold faot
getting are two widely different things.
Japanese Ambitions
It ia no Becret that powerful parties
in Japan are advocating tho unostentatious annexation of largo sections of
Siberia, and that they have no interost
in seeing nny stable popular governmont arise cast of the Urals. It is no
sccrot that England trembleB for Persia, Afghanistan and India, and that
the Tory party would gladly crush the
Russian Revolution if it exhibited any
tendency toward prosclytism in for
cign countries (as it haB). It is no
secret that a certnin section of the
French governmental opinion cares not
a fig what sort of a reactionary government there Ib ln Russia, provided
only -it is a government that will immediately repay tho foreign loans. In
a word, our intervention in Bussia may
have been undertaken with tho best of
intentions, but thc practical situation
with which we are faced today is
cither to support reaction and imperialism or—to withdraw our troops.
* Tragic Anachronism
Russian intervention has become for
America a tragic anachronism sinco the
defeat of Germany. Wo have neither
a national nor an international intorest which todny legitimately sanctions
tho presenco of our troops on Russian
soil. It is falso to our traditions to be
fighting a workingman's republic, even
if wc do not approve of its form', or its
manners. It ft not in accordance with
any doctrine of American nntional policy for us to be engaged in crushing a
revolution or in crucifying the hopes
and aspirations of a great and mighty
people. It is really difficult to believe
that this is thc same country which in
Washington's timo almost had a civil
war becauso the govornment refused
to intervene in tho French Revolution,
on behalf of the revolutionists. And
not even tho most severe critics of the
present lenders of the Soviet government have said one-tenth as- bittor
things as were said of Robespierre and
Marat in their day. No; to holp crash
a revolution is not in accordance with
tho real American tradition.—The
Dial,
UNION SHOES FOR MEN
33-45-47-49, H^sHngs ShEasK
BUYING   QlinTTQ
BETTER   OXlvyErjD
BUT! paying less for them
Dick's 14-Day Sale of lively shoe selling has brought
out .great values—we might talk all night about them
and then not tell you all—come and see them for yourself—or ask the man who bought.
HERE ARE A FEW GOOD SPECIALS
$8.50 Military Boot Sale
$5.95
A boot with a heavy single
sole, Goodyear welt, extra
well made. Regular $8.50
value.   Dick's Sale Price—
$4.00 Boys' Boot Sale
$2.95
A very stout boot for boys,
in soft grain leather. Regular $4.00. Dick's Sale
Price—
$11  McPherson's Sale
$7.65
A very dressy boot in mahogany brown, Neol'.n sole,
recede toe.   Regular $11.00.
Dick's Sale Price—
$5.95
$2.95
$7.65
$12.50 J. & T. Bell's
Doctor's Special 	
$9.45
$12 Reed's Cushion
Sole Boot 	
..$8.95
HIGH TOPS
In Military Grain or Unu OtAi
Regular $9.50, »rj (tf_
14-inch top  91.OO
Regular $9.50, */» AJJ ,
10-inch top   ejnj.tJO
YOUR MONEY'S WORTH
OR YOUR MONEY BACK

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