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British Columbia Federationist Sep 12, 1924

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 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH .
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   NfcjfsX
.4 POLITICAL UNITT: VICTORY
SooUmen Are Knowit tbe World
Over as Successful Colonizers— -
Struggle for Demooraoy
VERY RADICAL IN POLITICS
Prior to Oreat War Scotland Had
Higher Standard of Education
Than England
Farewell to the woodlands high covered with snow,
Farewell to the heaths and green
valleys below;
Farewell to the forests and wild
hanging woods;
Farewell to the torrents and loud
pouring floods. —Burns.
"W7ITH sorrow,   and   oftentimes   re-
' sentiment, in   their   hearts,   and,
' with the foregoing sentiments on tlieir
Ups, succeeding generations of Scotsmen havo watched the fast receding
shores of their native land grow dim
and vanish, and have turned with set
faces and renewed hopes to a stiange
and unknown future across the sea.
In a collection of Scottish proverbs,
compiled by Archbishop Beaton, of
Glasgow, about the time of the reformation, we flnd the following; "A
Scotsman and a Newcastle grindstone
travel a' the world o'er." Which goes
to prove that at that remote date,
Scotsmen in common with the product
of tho Northumbrian quarries had become known as extensive travellers;
and, let us hope, that their, worth had
been recognized as being quite up to
the standard of the sandstone.
1 To determine whence came the Inherent disposition of the Scots to
rove would be a very wide, although
a very interesting subject; but the intention of this article being to discover
, a reason for the extensive immigration
from Scotland at the present time
narrows the subject very considerably.
It is, therefore, sufflclent to say that
from mediaeval times when they wero
known over Europe as very seiviee-
t able men at arms or soldiers of fortune, from their colonizing efforts,
such as the Darien scheme and the
early Canadian settlements, to the pre-
aent day, Scotsmen have been known
the world over as successful colonl-
\ zers. There ia scarcely a family in
. Scotland to-day which cannot speak
with pride of some member who has
made good in remote parts of tht
world.
Politically, Scots have always been
progressive    or    advanced    in   their
views, and the advanced wing of the
, liberal   party, better   known os   the
"radicals" always received    most   of
their strength from the Scottish constituencies, with the exception of the
cities and districts under the sway of
4 the landed aristocracy, Scotland had
been   notoriously   radical   since   the
union.
These sentiments had been aggra-
\ vnted by the actions of the nobility
■ whose activities wo may have an opportunity of considering at some early
date; and the work of Robert Burns,
who in Scotland carried out the work
which RouBseau was carrying on in
France, the flrst paving the way for a
democratic Scotland,  the latter laying the foundations of the French revolution,       *
Prior to the outbreak   of   war   in
11914, Scotland had established a very
fmuch, higher standard of elementary
leducation  than  her' southern neigh-
|bor tn addition to a much more liberal
criminal code.   Animated by a dosire
for knowledge, the workers had established in the evening schools, classes for the study of Industrial history
and economics, and there was scarce
a district   tn   the   industrial  centres
where the I. L. P. had not established
a study class In these subjects.
Particularly on the Clydeslde where
Ithe casual, on and off, conditions of
Jlabor were the source of endless controversy between the employers and
he unions, was this evident; and, In
years, this was responsible for a
fjreat change in the political .outlook.
The   unions   were   controlled    by
Lvowedly socialistic   leaders.     Shop
Stewards   controlled   the   workers In
he shops to a man; and Jn the Qlus-
bow forty-hour strike, ln   th)   early
pays of 1910, was the maiden effort
pf an avowedly revolutionary proletariat.   They failed, It Is true, but they
Evere able to shew their tremendous
strength in the face of machine guns
pnd bayonets.
The Industrial collapse which followed the cessation of hostilities
treated favorable conditions for the
ppread of this revolutionary propagan-
; and the workman, who remained
Unconvinced, generally, known by the
Jiame of Henry Dubb, began to realize that a man might be unemployed
land yet be a perfectly respectable man
land' also a man who would be willing
fo work were work procurable.
To-day Groat Britain ls at th« beginning of a new era; the country ls
fairly evenly divided in opinion, Scot-
Ilfind and Wales being overwhelmingly
lootallst, the cathedral towns of Eng-
and and tho rural districts being the
^ainstay of tho orthodox parties, and
here Is a growing realization of tho
(act, that anything may happen,
i There la, therefore, a steadily &row-
pg exodus to tho colonies—firstly, of
he middle class, who havo saved- considerably money and wslh to conserve
lamo; secondly, of tho artisan class,
Ivho nee a long period of unsettled la-
ior conditions before them, and who
ii consideration of tbeir families are
islng their   savings   In   establishing
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING,   SEPTElpER 12,1924
,\ A Call to Service
'n the history of the human race have we been more
_%— of the assistance of right-thinking men and
women, who feel the call to serve their fellows, than we are
today.
The time has come when we cannot afford to longer shirk
our duty to mankind, if we would prove ourselves worthy
citizens of our land. To stand back and allow your fellows
to strugglo alone with the odds against them is cowardly.
Things do not happen of themselves. Conditions are not going
to improve unless we set out deliberately to bring about such
a happy stato.
The Federated Labor Party of British Columbia offers you
an opportunity to join in the fight. It offers you an avenue
through which to express your better self in an endeavor to
bring about the emancipation of the great mass of humanity,
Can there be a more worthy service?
Meetings aro held on the first and third Wednesdays of
each month at 8 p.m., room 3, 319 Pender Street West. Send
in your application to join, to this address.
POLICY OF LABOR ANNUAL MEETING
Relation Between Economics and
Politics—Imperialism and
Capitalism
VAST SOURCES MAN-POWER
Colored   Populations   Open   Up
Tremendous Field for Exploitation by Capitalists
TVHER.E ls a direct relation between
economics and politics. Imperialism is a development of capitalism,
and the workers may rest assured
that any proposals made fn the name
of imperial unity of an economic ^character are in the Interests of capitalism. The vast sdurces of man-power,
especially of the colored population,
open up a tremendous field for exploitation. The development of tropical
medicine is making equatorial regions
more healthy and before long, production, now confined to the temperate
zones, will be carried on in the tropics. If tho white worker wishes to
save himself from the results of mich
competition, he has got to recognize
the ononess of the'working clasB, irrespective of color. This Is fundamental lf the socialist Ideal which is ns
follows,   is  to  become  practical.
1. The control, leading to the imperial ownership, of the means of
transpotation and communications-
shipping, cables and wireless.
2. The dovelopment of the public
works and utilities of the crown colonies, etc., by capital controlled by an
imperial economic committete on behalf of the whole empire. No concessions of land should be granted to
individuals or corporations.
3. Where colored populations are
In a majority, education, particularly
fn regard to agriculture, should be
provided. The land ahould be preserved for native occupation; and a
two-fold educational system be devised, whereby, on the one hand, they
should be encouraged to Increase their
productivity; and, on the other, to
raise their standard of life.
4. The control of all exports and
imports between tho various parts of
the empire, the only purchaser being
an Imperial economic committee, or
a purchasing board representative of
the whole empire, which shall fix the
price for sale, and, lf It be necessary,
ration each area. Wheat and meat
might be choson for a commencement.
5. The encouragement of co-operation, between those engaged in industries not yet developed, on a mass
production or large scale basis. The
provision of credit facilities for such.
6. Population, ln some parts of the
empire, may tend to trench on the
means of subsistence, There should
be, therefore, thought out a policy , or
family migration, with land settlement
■between the white and colored portions of the empire.
7. A universal forty-eight hour
week and a factory code, based on
that which fs best in the empire, to
be common In all Industrial districts,
whether the labor be white or colored.
8. Wherever white and colored
work side by side at the same wor*,
the white rates of pay to prevail,
In conclusion lt must be born ln
mind that the interests of the workera
are the same the world over. We cannot put a ring fence around ourselves.
If we do, we Bhall only promote further antagonisms ln the world. The
Imperialistic ambitions of the Ave
grou'ps are leading straight to another
world war.
Burnaby Branch of B. 0. Federated Labor Party Hold Election of Officers
COUN. NEVILLE  PRESIDENT
McKay Branch in Future Known
as S. W. Burnaby—Monthly
themselves in more settled surroundings; and, lastly, the young men, who
have become conscious of the rottenness of tho political system nnd tired
to death of the low standard of living.
Wo know that many of thom aro
doomed to disappointment, but let us
not be resentful of. their coming for
they are bravo men and womon, with
the light of a new understanding slicing in their oyes, and with tlio spirit
of comradeship In thoir hearts. They
havo hitched their wagon to a star
and will slnnd with their Canadian
brothers shoulder to shoulder In the
coming struggle for truo democracy.
BURNABY
AND LABOR
[By Our Burnaby Correspondent]
"W/.ILL Labor. M. L. A. Have to Re-
J» sign? Frank Browne of Burnaby Refused Leave of Absence by
Municipal Council," The above heading appeared ln to-night's Province,
followed by a report of the Burnaby'a
council   decision     not
[By Our Own Correspondent]
TJURNABY.—The annual meeting of
the Burnaby branch of the B. C.
Federated Labor purty was held at the
Oddfellows' hall, McKay, on Thursday
last, September 4, A number of labor
men from other parts of Burnaby at
tended the meeting, and stops are be
Ing taken to organize branches In
North Burnaby, Hastings townsite and
the Broadview district. Owing to the
formation of new branches, the McKay branch will be known in future
as the S. W. Burnaby branch of the
B. C. Federated Labor party. Election
of officers took place and Councillor
Neville was elected president; J. A.
Jenkins, vice-president; J. Walsh, secretary, and H. Stanley Bate, treasurer.
The party will hold their monthly
meetings at Oddfellows hall, McKay,
the flrst Thursday in each month for
the next six months.
Miss BoncUlcld, M. P. Replies
A reply has been received from Miss
Margaret Bondfleld, British labor M.P.,
by the secretary of the B. C. Federated Labor party, expressing her regrets at being likely unable to address
nny meeting during her visit. Sho is
coming, she explained, to Canada in
charge of a government delegation
whose main object is to obtain firsthand information regarding the system of child migration from England
to Canada. The Itlnery of the delegation has not been Anally settled, but
It was felt that, with the time at their
disposal, It would be quite unlikely
that they could visit Vancouver, and
that, even if such a visit could be arranged, it would be of such a short
duration as to preclude any possibility
of her addressing a meeting. _
^^^^^^^^^^^^ to alow Mr.
Browne leave of absence to attend the
forthcoming session of the provincial
legislature at Victoria.
One councillor said.that Mr. Browne
did not aak permission of the council
before accepting nomination as a candidate. Did Mr. McLean ask permission? Would Mr. "McLean have been
granted leave of absence had he been
successful? It would be rather infe'r-
estlng to have those two questions answered by the Burnaby council. It ls
sated that another accountant would
have_ to be appointed to take Mr.
Browne's position during his absence.
This statement does hot reflect much
credit on the municipal hall staff if
there Is no clerk capable of taking
ovor another clerk's duties. But is
this so, and what happens when other
members of the staff are away on holidays or sick? Why can some members of the staff take three months
leave of absence to visit the old country and their places lcept open? Nol
long ago one official was granted
three months leave and full pay for
the first two months leave, and yet
they refuse Mr. Browne leave without
pay. We know a little about the annual financial statement, which by
the way, is not touched until early In
January. To say the least all the
above objections are purely plausible
excuses and will not be acceptable to
the majority of tax payers and voters
in Burnaby who returned Mr. Browne
to represent them. There aro times
when a council can overstep their
authority and when they forget that
they are the servants of the people
and not their employers, and It Is the
hope of the writer that they will reconsider their deceislon at their next
meeting and not close their eyes to
the writing on the wall or be influenced by parties wishing to h» spiteful
and playing politics.
Neither must we forget the wider
issue of protecting our representatives and seeing that they are properly remunerated and their positions
made as seoure as it is. possible, other-
fse we shall never be able to hold
good conscientious men in our ranks.
It is up to tbe workers to get behind
the men they elect as their representatives. We must see that they are
well paid and free to devote their
lull energies in solving the problems
wo have to face in our social life in
the same way as we pay our medical
officers of health, engineers to provide
us with roads, schoolmasters to teach
our children, etc., etc., instead of leaving our problems in the hands of politicians to fool with as in the past.
Notice of Meeting J
A LL MEMBERS of the Federated Labor Party are requeued
to be present at the next regular meeting of the party,
which is to be held in room' 3, 319 Fnder Street West, Wednesday evening, September 17,1924, at 8 p.m .
It wiU be necessary for the party to make such nomina-*
tions as it may see fit, for the offices of Aldermen, School
Trustees, and Park Commissioners, for the coming civic elections. . These nominations will, in turn, bo placed before the
next meeting of the Canadian Labor party, with which the
F. L. P. iB at present affiliated, for their endorsation or otherwise.
It is hoped that the members of the party will turn out,
and'give to these matters the attention that they rightly deserve. If labor is to assumo the responsibility of governing, in
the not distant future, then it is up to thoso who have the
interests of labor at heart to see to it that proper representatives are chosen to guide the destinies, not only of thcir city
and province, but of their party, which stands for the emancipation of the masses.
5c A COPY
IHE GREAT RIVALS BANKERS CONTROL
Between World-Groups Extensive
Competition Exists—France
and United States
Reparations   Settlement
Who Are Real Governors
of World
PRODUCTION INCREASES
GERMANY'S FATE SEALED
Although Britain Enlarges Empire
War Practically Destroyed Her
Continental Markets
rpHiE British empire alone is not, as
the others are to a great extent,
a geogiaphical unit. It may be grouped into (a) the self-governing dominions which are capitalist nations; (b)
possessions, called dependencies, protectorates and mandated territories,
such as India, Bb; pt, the Sudan, etc;
and (c) naval stations and strategical
points, like Gibraltar, India and
Egypt are becoming capitalist countries, and the one demands dominion
self-government,- and the other complete independence. Between these
world-groups there is considerable
rivalry which has not been modified
by the results of tho war. In fact, it
has been said that in entering the war
to destroy her commercial rival (Ger
many) Britain has created two greater rivals in France and America. Although Britain increased her empire,
the war has practically destroyed her
continental markets—a serious position to her, as a nation dependent very
largely on its export trade. Further,
the potential capacity of production of
the non-British groups has enormously increased since the war.
Birth Control Meeting
A meeting of thoso Interested ln the
movement for birth control will be
held in the Vancouver Women's building to-night (Friday) ' evening at 8
o'clock. Arrangements will be made
for tho forthcoming .conference, to be
held during November, at which Mrs.
Margaret Sanger will be present
All interested are welcome.
Man's obligations do not tend toward the past. We know of nothing
lhat binds us to what is behind; our
duty lies ahead.—C. Richet.
Golf Course to Pny Fair Wukcs
Negotiations between Reeve Brooks
and Councillor Hardy of South Vancouver, with the C. P. R. In regard
to the Insertion of a fair wage clauso
In the proposed golf course agreement have been sucessful.
M INDIA
Present-Day Conditions In Thai
Countiy of Gnat Wealth and
Fearful Poverty
UNDER THE  BRITISH FLAG
Big  Money   Interests   Always
Start and Continue and
End War
[By Worker]
rpHE RECENT reparations settlement shows very clearly who are
the real governors of the world—not
those whom we vote into parliament
or who take up cabinet positions, as
somo people think, but the men with
the money.
America was well represented when
the conference opened on July 15, and
also on the three committees consti-
A humble slave I despise; a rebellious slave I respect.—-Wendell
Phillips.
The bold idealism of to-day may
seem mere common sense to-morrow.
—H. G. Wells.
DISFRANCHISING THE WORKERS!
QNE WOULD have thought that our friends, the reactionaries, would have awakened ere
tlhis to the march of events.   Some, it would appear, are still living back in the dark ages.
When the Burnaby Council, on Monday last, refused to give the necessary leave of absence
to Mi\ Browne, the labor member-elect from that district, to permit his attending the session of
the.legislature, they did one thing that will do more to boost labor than anything else they
could have done. That is so far .as propaganda is concerned, and the arousing of the people
to a realization of the depths to which some people will go, to attain their ends.
The more serious side of the question is this, however: Are the workers to be deprived
forcibly of their representation in the legislature? The average worker today is dependent
upon his being able -to sell his afeilHy to work, in order to obtain his livlihood. Thc remuneration that the,representatives may receive is exceedingly small when one considers the demands that are made upon these people; and, when on.top of all this, the workers' representatives are to be deprived of their means ot* earning their livelihood because they have
been chosen by their fellows to legislate on their behalf, it is a most serious matter.
No right-thinking man or woman in this province can afford to let such an action pass
without voicing their protest,- and voicing it in such a manner that there can bc no doubt as
to where they stand. It is just such actions as this that does more to produce radicalism (so-
called), than anything else. And the irony of the whole thing is that the very people who arc
so active in producing it| are the severest in its condemnation when it is produced. How
little consistency such minds seem to bc able to show! And they tell us that this is a free
country! And some people rave over the tyranny in Russia! Can one" imagine any aet
moro tyrannical in itis nature than that of the Burnaby Counoil when, as is reported, they
have deprived ono of the workers' representatives the right to sit in the house to which he
has been chosen, and yet retain the position, which it must bc absolutely necessary for him to
do, if he would provide the necessities for his home.
Thus the workors aro disfranchised! It is all logal. So the workers are robbed of their
rights, whilo living in a land of boasted freedom! This action on tho part of the council is
one that cannot go unchallenged. If thc workers allow sueh to go by without a most, effective
protest, then they have little right to expect any of thoir numbers to bear any further burdens
for thom.   Their fate then, will have to be letft in the hands of their masters, ns of yore.
Tliis is not Mr. Brown's fight. Tt Is one in which every workor must feel it his sacred
duly, to humanity as a whole, to do "his bit. Workers arise. Tho challongo has noon given.
Duty calls.
tuted. Hughes, the American secretary of state, turned up later, though
In an unofficial capacity. It was he
who informed MacDonald that American and British bankers could not
accept the terms arrived at at that
time, and suggested a meeting between these bankers and the French
delegntes. The next day a mooting
wns arranged, but nothing could be
agreed upon, as the bankers were
trembling for the safety of their
money.
On July 23, the American secretary
of the treasury Andrew Mellon, turned
up—unofficially, of courso. By this
time the French papers wero demanding that Horrlot abandon hfs undignified posistlon of engaging in a scrap
with American citizens, nnd the
French parliament intimated that it
would let lho Dawes plnn die rather
than accept the terms insisted upon
by the New York bankers.
However, by August 2, nn agreement was reached; in other words, lhe
bankers were satisfied and the fate of
Oermany wns sealed. But not of Gormany alone, but of the rest of Europe,
particularly of Britain, nnd lt is safe
to say that there cannot bo prosperity
for the working classes for anothor BO
years—providing capitalism ls allowed
to last so much longer. Tho Oerman
people; the working classes, are paying the penalty for German's guilt (?)
and tho British working classes are
paying for the "victory." And thc
tragedy Is that the working classes
hnd really nothing lo do with tho war.
Tho big money Interests always start
and continue and ond war. They have
no qonslderation whatever for human
life; as (he reparations business shows,
their only concern Is tho safety of
their dollars. The Husso-Jnpnncse
war was only stopped because American capitalists began to bc afraid for
their huge loans; the great war could
have bcen stopped several limes before tbe armistice, but the financial
fruits were not quito ripe, and now
Germany has to bo re-established economically for further exploitation of
thc working classes.
Under such circumstances there Is
every excuso for class hatred. Por
the conditions under which people
have to live, breed that blind reasoning hatred and distrust which often
expend themselves ln mere vaporings,
which the master need not fear at all.
After all, our only salvation lies ln an
understanding of tho situation and an
uncompromising fight against capital-
Ism; and, Incidentally, against tho
wars of capitalism*
Syitem of Forced Labor Badly
Paid—Attempts Hade to Organise Workeri
W7K give below extracts from a letter
of It. N. Chaudhary the secretary
of a society In India (whose alms are
mentioned) and who Is at present
awaiting the result of his trial for sedition.
f Rajputane and Central India are
divided into more than a hundred native states, each ruled by an Indian
prince, under the suzerainty ot the
British government. The object of
my society is to work for the uplift
of tho masses in these provinces. -
Ninety-five per cent, of the population
ts the agricultural and laboring community. There is practically no education among them, and an exorbitent
system of land revenue, coupled with
numerous cases, compels them tu live
i lives of starvation. They have no poUtlcal rights, i.e., they can neither start
journals, hold publlo meetings or bind
themselves in associations for their
well-being. Their greatest disability
is the system of forced labor which is
either ill-paid or under-paid. Under
this system, which ts veritably modern
slavery, any official ean compel a
worker, his'wife or children to do odd
jobs, from carrying burdens to making roads with little or no remuneration. This system works at its highest
when the British officer, who Is styled,
the political resident and lives at the
court of each native prince, tours in
the native territories. The present
political agent, Mr. Holland, went so
far as to tour In several native states
and sing the praises of the hated system, t
The masses of these two provinces,
as of one-third ot India, are thus being crushed under tho double heel of
the Indian autocrat and the British'
bureaucrat. It Is amid these musses
and these conditions that my society
has to work. . . . Our workers accept
only the barest necessities of life, ahd
have to renounce all family and
worldly relatione,.except the service of
the toiling poor. Chief among our activities are:
1. The publication of a weekly vernacular Journal.
2. Preparation of the masses to refuse to do forced labor and pay excessive land taxes and cesses; to boycott all foreign and mill-made cloth;
and to give up liquor and opium.
3. Establishment ol arbitrary
courts, village schools, co-oiorativo
societies and village protecfft.il societies, and thc spread of home-spun and
hand-woven cloth made in the villages,
This is a very modest programme,
and its fulfilment bas been strictly
confined to peaceful means throughout. Yet tho nntive princes, moro
often thnu not, instigated by lho British political officer, have ,,met tho
movement with n eruel hand, Tho
renson is not far to seek. Tho nutlve
prince aristocrat has, nevertheless, the
germs of ancient Indian culture, and
chivalrous tradition forbids bim to resort lo brute force ngninst the peaceful and unarmed. But the British
bureaucrat, steeped in ihe selfishness
nrn of a capitalist and Imperialist
outlook, hns no sueh scruples; and ho
It Ih that views tlie slightest awaken-
ng of the masses with the greatest
alarm.
As a result, the three years of this
strugglo -havo witnessed tho most
cruel happenings. In two native statos
there were one thousand arrests without warrants nnd followed by unspeakable torlure of men. women and
children. In nnother district, a peaceful gathering of women was trampled
upon with horses and fourteen were
wounded seriously. Complaints lodged In the Btate courts were disregarded. Village assemblies, schools, cooperative societies, temperance and
all other activities of these associations have since been suppressed by
state proclamation. Many of our
members have been arrostod—Including Mr. Patkik, the president.
Such tn brief nre the tragic details
of humble work for the poor carried
on by my society. Wc are. however,
ready to face greater trials In l!io furtherance of this noble cause. We need
only the sympathy nnd help cf our
comrades nil tbe world over.
The Growth of Empire
After the war of J914-18, It was apparent that tho world wan divided into
five groups, namely (1) America, (2)
British empire, (8) Far Bast, (4)
Franco, and (fi) Middlo Europe and
French Africa. The United States of
America Hecks to gain control through
lis finance, leaving to each slate Its
apparant political Independence, nnd,
consequently, she Is extendIniJ'hor hold
over Southern America, lhe West Indies, Cnnnda and Newfoundland. Thc
oil, coal, Iron, and whent of tho two
last mentioned are singularly ntlrnct
Tn difficulty alone doos thc iiobll
Hy of great souls prove itself—
Schiller,
Liabilities of It. 0, Districts and Cities
Thc total debenture debts of B. C.
•Itles amount to $71,479,049.91; sundry outstanding debts, $3,475,917.21 —
malting a grand total of $74,954,967.-
12.
13. C. district debenture debts, $24,-
794.93ii.84; sundry debts, $1,206,134.75
—grand total, $20,001,071.59.
Grand total for province. $100,956,-
038.71.   '■
Vancouvor City—Debenture dobt,
$33,106,499.17; sundry debts, $839.-
898,44—grand total. $33,9.6,397.61.
Thoso liabilities ns of date December 31, 1923.
Ho IH'Imic on Vaccination
Not receiving tbo nrtiele for thta
Issue on vaccination from the Humnno
education nnd Antkvlvisocton .society,
lhe ono by tbo Medical association is
held ovor. We hopo, however, they
will both appear next week, PAGE TWO
SIXTEENTH  YEAR.     No.   37 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANeonVBR. B.C.
British Colombia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British  Columbia   Federatlonist
HiMlnsu and Editorial Ottce, 112B Howe St.
The policy of The B. 0. FederationiBt Ifl
untrolled by the editorial board of tho Fod-
rated Labor Party of Britiah Colomhla.      _
■Subacriplioa Rate: United States and Foreign, (8.00 per year; Canada, |2.50 per
year, $1.50 for alx montha; to Unions sub-
■erlbing In a bedy, 16c per member per
month.
FRIDAY ..September   12t. 1924
THE LOOAL LAIIOH MOVEMENT
NO institution is more anxious than
The Fedorationist to soe the local
labor movement become the force for
good in this province that It ought to
become, and will become, provided
those who have been chosen to. guide
It, are true to tho cause of the workers, and are sincerely and honestly
out to better the lot of the massos. It
by any chance;', they endeavor to
make the labor movement serve as a
■stepping stone to lead them to loftier
heights than those thoy have already
attained, and they disregard the good
of their fellows In that process, then
tliey are certain to bring the wrath of
the multitude down upon them; and
\.hat is more important, retard the
progress of this great humanitarian
movement on its upward trend.
We are Inclined to the belief, in fact,
it has haunted us for some time, that
fame of the would-be leaders of the
Canadian Labor party in British Col
i.mbia, are not, altogether, in the business for the good that they can ao
their fellows, but rather are trying
: o have it serve as a stepping stone (or
themselves, If such an assumption
on our part is true, the future of the
C. L. P. is far from being rosy. *o
rive to, not to take from, should be
the motto of every man and woman
who joins that body. Selfishness is
.. :st as destructive within the labor
movement as It ls within any other
i.iovement: Its influence is, at all
t.mes, detrimental.
The recent activities of a few of
these individuals, whore, instead ol
trying to create unity, they have, it
■*. ould appear to us, deliberately set
cut to create a condition of strife. In-
; :ead of trying to unite the various
factions within the labor movement
Ihey try and create a greater breach.
To serve their own ends, that may be
. 11 well and good, but for the purposes
ot furthering the good of the move-
;.:ont with whose destiny they have
'•-en entrusted, the effect is quite the
reverse.
The C. L. P. is an afflliated body,
ca we have pointed out many times.
As such, It should not, under any presence, take in individual members. Its
-v.rength should lio in the fact that it
.'■'i a co-ordinating body and it should
i oek to assist, direct, and prevent all
possible over-lapping of work undertaken by the various affiliated bodies.
11 is not a new party as so many seem
to think. The moment it becomes so,
its influence will be gone. There are
always a lot of would-be reformers—
derelicts from former, and even from
c :istlng labor parties—who nevei
h ive, and who, likely never will, un-
i. -r.stand what labor really stands for,
cad who are always seeking for some
place to hang their hats. Such peo-
1 1q are no asset to any party.
What labor wants more than anything elBe Is men and women who
lave studied, and who understand the
inndamentals for which labor is striving, and who are willing to sacrifice
i.o small amount of their time and en-
e gy, without thought of personal
!.;iln, to further the interests of the
Great masses of humnn kind, fio-cali-
ecl labor lendors who choose to utilize
tho labor movement as a stepplng-
Btone for themselves, rather than trying to make themselves worthy servants of thut cause are, we feol, more
to be feared a'nd u greater detriment
lo the movement, than capitalism itself!
party has worked most effectively in
the past.
It is to be hoped that the workers
will become fully awakened to the
seriousness of the situation as it at
present exists, and that they will not
be misled further into believing that
there Is no royal road to their own
emancipation other than through
their own co-operative efforts. When
this two party system arrives let then*
see to it that they are solidly arrayed
on the side of labor, which party
atone offers any sane solution to the
great economic chaos which everywhere abounds.
As We See It-Why You
Should Join Labor Party
INJURING CANADA'S TRADE
A RECENT editorial, ln one of our
local dallies, devoted considerable
atttentlon to the plea for restriction of
immigration, made by J. S. Woods-
worth in the Ottawa house. It also
stated that he was followed by two or
three 'pink-eyed reformers in the same
strain.
It ls little to be wondered at that
the massos of the people, who do not
give these important matters the earnest and Intelligent consideration that
thoy should, are floundering.
To state that Canada's troubles are
duo to her not having sufflclent population, is so obviously ridiculous that
no thoughtful man or woman will be
led astray by such an argument. If
the writer of the editorial tn question
would only tell us how it Is that the
United States feels it encumbent upon
her to restrict Immigration, while he
sees flt to urge this remedy for Canada, it would be most enlightening,
we are sure.
That such talks, as Mr. Woodsworth
gave on this Important subject, was injurious to trade, was another argument brought forward. Such uttei
twaddle! The English bankers, investors, and their kind, are fairly well
aware of the conditions as thoy exist
In Canada to-day. They Know as well
as we do, that what Mr. Woodsworth
said about Immigration and its relationship to unemployment Is only too
true. Surely tho editor of that article
did not-read a quotation, on the front
page of the Issue containing his gem
of wisdom. For his edification we will
repeat it: "Opinions alter,** manners
change, creeds rise and fall, but the
moral laws are written on the tablets
of eternity. For every false word or
unrighteous deed, for cruelty and oppression, for lust or vanity, the price
has to be paid. Justice and falsehood
may be long-lived, but doomsday
comes at last."
So we suggest that the writer of the
editorial rest ln peace. His ravings we
feel, wiU do little harm—for we, too,
are convinced that justice and truth
will ultimately survive, in spite of our
friend.
Some Labor-Day Editions
The current issue of the Alberta
Labor News appeared September 1st
in the shape of a "labor annual,'"
comprising 88 pages and cover. It Is
chock-full of well written articles by
prominent labor leaders. City merchants wore liberal in their advertising
patronage. Edmonton workers have
something to feel proud about in its
real live progressive labor paper.
Hamilton, Ont, boasts of two labor
papers, that merit the support of the
labor organizations and merchants of
that city. Both publications issued
mammoth Labor-day editions. The
Labor News appeared with sixteen
pages, printed In red nnd blue, and
copiously illustrated, together with
plenty of appropriate and well-selected articles. The Labor World published eightetten pages, ink being used being photo-brown. The letterpress appertaining to the labor movement was
all that could be desired. The pages
of both papers In size are similar to
The Federatlonist. The advertising
carried in the two labor journals was
large and bulky. Both productions
bespeak thc magnanimous spirit of
the citizens of the Ambitious City.
Tho Detroit Labor News issued a
twenty-'page Labor-day edition with
plonty of good articles befitting the
occasion. With such a liberal amount
of advertising appearing in its columns, the News looks like an heir to
prosperity.
THE TWO PARTY SYSTEM
fl[R HAMAR OREENWOOD, former
\0 chief secretary for Ireland, arrlv
i .1 In Canada the other dny. He is re
Ported to have expressed tho opinion
that England bad reached such a pass
that the country was ready lo return
to the two pnrty systom. He apparently ls under no delusion as to
which two parties are to remain, howovor. U will be n case of labor against
ihe rest, he stnted.
Sir Hamer is undoubtedly right.
The time has come when the English
I-eople realize that there Is only room
fdr two parties, the old reactionaries,
Die type who want to carry on ns they
have always done rogardless of the
otect upon the great mass of human-
1 ind, and the progressive, radical or
socialist element, who Feel that tho
masses must receive the just consideration to which they are entitled-lf
: oclety is to carry on as lt ought.
The workers are as aware of the
envelopment of such a state, as any
'..ne, Sir Hamar not excepted. It waB
i-rophenied thus, during the early
years of the labor movement. They
realized that the workers would'lake
Mime time to awaken to the fact, that
.- ny representation, which they were
.supposed to enjoy through the ranks
of the old-line parties, was merely
make believe. It was a scheme
v. hereby they could be lulled to rest
and kept In a condition of servitude
with the greatest ease. Getting the
•orkers pitted against each other by
• .tieing some to join the liberal party
nnd   others   to join   the conservative
LETTERS TOR
I TW ED
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management]
Tlie   litlciiiibnilsi   ami  the  C.L.P.
Editor B.C. Federntionlst: I hopi
your vigorous and trenchant leader
in this date's Issue (Sept. 5, 1924)
will jn far In the direction of pouring oil on the troubted waters In
the matter pertaining to an offlcial
publication  of labor In  B.C.
It Is particularly distressing to
read tbat "some individuals ....
ave frankly u hhoyed to see Tho
Federationist making the headway
'.hat It is. To put this labor news-
paper out of business, If they could,
Would give them more pleasure
thli n the success «ji' the move mon*
it -wh " I would ask these disgruntled ones to realize, at this of all'
times, the necessity and duty of
sinking all small jealousies and
quibbles and to work for a united
front to forward the work before
ua. Your concluding paragraph
minis up the situation splendidly:
"Let us try and be real men and
women . . . ln the great struggle
that confronts us."
May 1 emphasize how Important
tbat this should be so. We" must
not lose sight of the fact that at
this time stronger efforts than ever
before are being made against us;
every action and move is being
watched and misrepresentations
and distortions of facts are being
used to discredit us. In face of this,
let us all waive all disgruntles against
[By Angus Mclnnis]
f\N MANY occasions when asking
" people why they do not take a
more active part in the political labor
movement, we very often hear this expression: "I sympathize with the labor
party and I always vote labor," and
then some excuse is made for not joining the party, or for not giving a more
active support.
The election held In this province
last June proved that there are many
pebple who will vote the labor ticket,
but for some reason are not prepared
to take an active part, or to Identify
themsolves with the labor movement.
Many of these are, we know, absolutely out of harmony with the alms and
methods of tho old-line parties; many
who have come through reading and
study, to the conclusion that a betterment of social conditions is impossible
while the present system of production for proflt continues, yet thoy hesitate to take part with a party which
they, If not ln all things, ln many
things, agree.
The story is told of an old Quake?
who, In making a contribution to some
cause, said in his letter: "I sympathize
£100." Now, you may not be able to
sympathize £100, or 100 cents, but you
can sympathize, to the extent of giving yourself to the movement. Of
course, the labor movement needs
money to cary on Its work, but If we
get active workers the money will follow; because any one, who Is interested in the movement and cannot
give of his or her time, will give of
their subBtance—If they have it.
Maybe you do not join the party, because you do not agree with the programme and policy of the. party iu detail. It must be always remembered
that the. policy of a party reflects the
opinions of its members, and Its members being human, they are liable to
err both as individuals and collectively. Each individual has then his due
weight in shaping the aims of the
party through the expressing of his
opinions In the councils of the party.
The socialist movement Is more
than a class movement. True, it has
its inception in the class basis of present-day society, but its triumph will
bring into being a society in which
there will be no classes; where the
welfare of one will be the welfare of
all.
The struggle is not merely one of
"bread and "butter," although outwardly it manifests itself in that way,
but a struggle for as full a life, both
physically and spiritually, as co-operative effort can give. As long as a
singlo Individual is denied a full and'
free expression of the best that ls in
him, because of oconomic circumstances, so long must the struggle continue. The best and the most that we
can give is not too much for tho end
we have in viow.
Ask yourself this question: "How
can I justify my staying out when tho
party needs every ounce of support it
can get?"
He that is not with us is against us!
There is no neutral position in this
flght. Tho following, which appeared
tn the New Leader of August 15, puts
the case so well that we make no apology for reproducing lt here:
"I Have Joined the Labor Party
"[By Alfred Zlmmern]
"It is some twenty years ago since
I first came Into contact with the labor
movement in the field of education,
and, in one way or another, I have
been in fairly close touch with it ever
since. But lt ls only within the last
few days that I have Joined the party,
and thus dedicated myself to its active support by speech and pen.
"There are probably a good many
who have been through an experience
similar to mine, and are wondering
whether to take the final step. So it
may be useful to state the reasons,
both for my twenty years' hesitation
and for my present decision.
"My objections to joining were twofold. In the flrst place, I had intellectual scruples about certain economic
formulas. Perhaps I am an unduly
scrupulous person, but, when I am
presented with a formula for signature, whether theological or political,
my first Instinct ls to argue. Moreover, I have always been more interested ln social democracy than in collectivism. So it seemed simpler as
well as more honest to work for a better society through education nnd on
non-Party lines.
"In the second place, I was not quite
sure how far tho labor party was a
truly natlonnl party. I was eager, de
spite the intellectual scruples to
which I have referred, to see a labor
government administer the affairs of
Great Britain; but the party still had
to win my confidence ln the field of
foreign and imperial policy.
"Why have I changed my attitude?
For twenty years I have boen saying,
'Why should I join?    I can work for
fthe same ideal equally well outside.'
Why have I come to feel that the right
way to put the question is, 'How can
I justify my staying out, when the
party needs every ounce of support It
can get?'
"My reasons are threefold. In the
first place, I no longer believe that tt
Is possible 'to work for the same ideal
equally well outside.' Post-war England is moving so rapidly from Us
old class-bound basis towards a more
democratic form of society that it is
extremely difficult for the ordinary
'non-party' agency, which is in most
cases rooted in tbe class system, to
keep up with the change. Openly or
secretly, consciously or unconsciously, most men and women and most
organizations and institutions side one
way or the othor. The result Is that
a social democrat liko myself feels
much freer in the labor party than
among people most of .whom differ
from him on much more fundamental
issues than the .formulas to which I
have referred. In a word, it has be
come both simpler and more honest to
join. In the second place, tho recorfl
of the labor party In offlce has com
pletely blown away my theoretical
Bcruples. I remain as disputatious as
ever, but I realize that it is what the
movement is and does that matters.
And what the party has done and ls
doing at home in ever so many ways,
but especially in education, not only
ensures It my vote, which it has had
before, but makes me feel that I
should be a coward if I did not give It
my open support."
FRIDAY September   12, 1924
Sidelights on a Great
Industry
A
CONDITIONS IN TBE POEEST
INDUSTEIES EEGULATE
THE PROSPERITY OF
THE PROVINCE
Lumbermen Furnish Main Clientele of Business Finns and Professional Practitioners
ANTI-WAR DAY
ON Sunday, Sptomber 21st, "Labor's
_ j Anti-War Day" will be celebrated
all over tlie world. Demonstrations
of thje workers, joined by other forcos
who arc Interested in the abolition of
wm; will take plaoo. Many Canadian
cities will participate In tlie worldwide protest against future slaughter.
Tlie woiltors have more interest lu
suppressing war than any other class,
Im-iiusc labor pays tlio penally-
Women and children suffer most from
wnr, and work-folk liavo nothing at
all to guiin and everything to lose.
Through the last great holocaust millionaires wcro made by tlie thousands.
But they did not eome from the ranks
of labor, Tlie workera only reaped
death nnd pain and misery and heartache. Labor ean stop wnr If lt wills
to do so. This anti-war demonstration is international, not being confined to the allies nor to nny group of
nations. 'Recognizing tho great common bond of brotherhood, tho world of
labor pledges itself to oppose war and
uphold international j>eaee and goodwill. Tlie heart of tlio workers
should go into the anti-war demonstrations.
BOOK REVIEWS
THE PEOPLE'S CORPORATION; by
King C. Gillette, author of "World
Corporation" and "Human Drift";
237 pages. Boni and Llveright,
publishers, New York.   Price, $2.
'"PHIS BOOK is an exhaustive sketch
for the reorganization of the body
polity into a great corporation, under
which all Industry should be Inter-
equivalent as lo the property of the
common people.
A strong indictment is set forth to
combat the present competitive systom, In the plan for readjustment,
the author goes further In the direction of a practical and logical solution
than any other that we know of.
Mr. Gillette's proposals cannot bo
thrown Into the discard of "Isms" as
a quack's cure-all for the defects oi
our social system. He speaks from 40
years' experience, inasmuch as he Is
a successful inventor, organizer and
executive prominent In the world of
Industry. In the first chapter, "Production for Profit," concerning the gap
A WELL-KNOWN B. C. retail merchant remarked recently: "The
lumber trade is my business barometer. I regulate my business, by advertising au . the activities of my Bales
department by the strength or weakness of the lumber market."
Another prominent Vancouver retail merchant says: "I cannot say, of
course, how many of my customers
are actually loggers or lumbermen, or
their wives, or sons or daughters, but
I do know that If I lost the business
I do with the people who depend on
the lumber industry for their income,
I would have to shut up shop and
move out of British Columbia."
Forest Industries Motive Power
These two cases go to prove the
truth of the statement that the Forest Industries are the motive power
of this Province's progress.
One-fourth of the working population of British Columbia are on the
payroll of the lumber industry and
they, with their families and dependents, must necessarily constitute the
main support of the storekeeper in
our cities, towns and settlements.
How many of these, but for the
business the lumbermen brings them,
would also he compelled to "shut up"
shop and move out of British Columbia.
This series   of  articles  communicated   by   tho   Timber   Industries
(ouncil of British Columbia.
between the    Haves and Have-nots,
he concludes—
'That the evils of the present sociai
and industrial system are not inherent in man or nature, but are the remit of man's relations to property,
which prevent his harmonious adjustment to natu.'0'ti laws and to other
men. He is convinced that out of the
strugglo of animal life for food grew
man's desire to possess property, and
the resultant competitive syatem, begetting the struggle between those
who possess property nnd exacted a
proflt for its use, sale, or exchange,
and those who were forced to sell
their labor in  order to live."
A vory large amount of the book ls
devoted to an analyses of tho overlapping and useless overhead, etc., m our
present industrial system. If a manufacturer would reduce the cost of
production with a machine of say 90
per cent., then why should not the
people of a nation save nine-tenths
of the pesent labor cost, which is
equal to a 900 per cent, gain In productive power In legitimate fields
of labor.
Out of every dollar spent,
45 cents '■ goes to non-pro
ducers. Fifty per cent, of productive enorgy is loot through lack of
co-ordination and co-operation between industries and corporations. A
vast amount is charged up to the flght
between capital and labor, which capital charges into the cost of operation.
War, caused by competition, is chargeable with 25 per cent, of the loss of
productive energy In the last ten years.
All this Is borne by producers. The
world must confess the shameful total
of 70 per cent, loss of producing
power. Never, perhaps, has the
world so Badly needed change as now.
The "people's corporation" depends on
the co-operation of all classes, and
unites them, Instead of dividing them.
This unique book discusses ln chapters: (1) Production for profit, (2)
the producing machine, (8) proflt versus science,   (4)   wanted—co-ordina-
The B. C. Federatlonist, and realize
with gratitude what it has dGtie for
the cause. What It can do ln the
future depends on the whole-hearted
support of everyone with the worldwide cause of humanity and the
rights of labor at heart. The
cause ls not political—-lf ls for
everyone everywhere.- Labor, ahd
labor only, will, In God's good time,
abolish political boundaries, capital-
Ism, militarism and poverty. And
so let us to our task in B, C.
In conclusion, I would urge all
who subscribe to, or buy occasional
copies of your paper, to talk of it
and interest others In It and Its
alms..
From a pamphlet, I havo before
me, recently published by the I. L.
P., London. Eng—"The Capitalist
Press," I quote the following, which
I think ls as good advice to our B.
C. labor comrades no to our brothers
In Britain: "Suppose each one of the
five million trnde unionists said, 'If
tho paper owned by our unions Is as
good as the others, I will give 11
preference, I won't buy a capitalist
paper unless I have already bowrlit
Our own paper." J. W. Y. JARVIS.
Vancouver,   5th  September,   1924.
Insist on
^BeerjM_--t__T
Tlie better beer-
pure—palatable-
high in food
elements
At all Goo't Liquor Stor—
VANCOUVER BREWERIES UMITED
Thli UTtrttMrnut If nt ptblMud or displayed br tta Lfeaor OartfM
Beer* or by tta Government ot Brltlih OeleaMe.
Store Opens at a a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
if/ere Are Some ofthe Newest
Woollen Fabrics
KASHAIB CLOTH, a soft camel hair material suitable for dresses or wraps. Comes 54 inches wide,
in tan, grey, powder blue, shutter green, navy or
black-*-$3.50 a yard.
SHADOW CHECK SATIN CLOTH for dresses or
suits in a 54-inch fabric, in shades of nutria, navy,
teakwood and also black at $3.95 a yard,
SMART SCOTCH SUITING in black and white,
broken stripes or checks with flakes of color introduced. A splendid fabric for tailored garments;
full 58 inches wide—$5.50 a yard.
—Drysdale's Woollen Goods Shop, First Floor.
576 OranviUe Street
Phone Seymour 8540
i
y
I
tlon, (6) duplication again, (6) the
peoples' corporation, (7) labor under
the people's corporation, (8) living
conditions under tlje people's corporation. (9) agriculture under the new
order, (10) corporation versus competition, (11) brass tacks, (12) the
author makes a motion, (13) the
fork In the road—one prong leads to
order, science, co-operation, peace and
universal welfare—the other leads to
conflict, violence, anarchy, war and
collapse.
It is a time for calm, scientific enquiry, for constructive planning and
organization, and then for action.
Whether the people will submit to the
control of a national corporation or
not, Mr. Gillette, thc author, has done
a great service in his shrewd and none
the less ardent presentation of facts,
to demonstrate how the gross evils of
our crazy economic system can be terminated.
Biggest of Film Siiectaclcs Coming
Tlie engagement of D. W. Griffith's
wonder spectacle "Way Down East"
opens at tbe Orpheum Theatre on
Monday, for a run of three days,
Basically "Way Down East" is a
plcturlzatlon of that delightful story
of New England rural life which
Lottie Blair Parker and Jos. R.
Grismor, made so familiar upon ihe
American stage covering a period of
more than a decade. By Griffith's
treatment it became a new art, vibrant with a life that Is all but too
fastly passing from view and Infused
with realism. Music adds its charm
to this swelling appeal and the combination spells a now form of expression to every sense that seeks
the playhouse for entertainment and
Illustration.
It   Is  deemed   essential   to  advise
—SEE THE--
1 Famous' Window Shows—
Always Something New.
YOU can closely follow fashion'■
trend and get to know the prioes
of things by keeping yonr eye on
the "Famous" windows. The prioes
too will show you how to save on the
things yon need. Mako a comparison
with other stores I
Famous
CLOAK and
SUIT Oo. Ltd.
8U-623 Hastings Stmt Wut
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBHTEBS, 8OU0ROM, BTO.
MI-MS Metropolitan Building
1S7 Buttofl St. W. TAVOOUVEB. B, 0.
Tettphontl. Seymonr «._« ul 16.7
the readers of this paper that "Way
Down Bast" Is going to pock the
theatre from the opening presentation and it will be prudent for you
to make your reservations well In
advance.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paptr
and mall It to a friend.
Phone Sermonr 296*1
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITB 901, DOMINION BOILD IHO
 VANOOPYBB. B. 0.
IIAVB you over bad a real drink
■" of Pnro Apple Older during the
last fow years?
To moot tbo desires of msny ellentl,
we htve introduced reeently » pore eleir
sparkling apple eider ln pint bottle.,
either pure sweet or government regulation 2% herd apple cider. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from alt
carbonic aoid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or pbone your order
today, Highland 90.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1066 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
HELP TO REDUCE
TELEPHONE ERRORS
prtOMPT acknowledgment of
the operator's repititlon of
the number being called, ln order that she may know whether
she has heard It correctly or
not, will reduce mlBtakes and
improve the service.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
mo Oeorgia itnet
Sunday cervices, 11 a.m. anl 7U0 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning aervice. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 9 p.m. Free reading room.
001*008 Birks Bldg.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
t*H   CORDOVA STREET  EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
BANKING SERVICE
*T»HE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
.-1 of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, oilers complete facilities for taking care
" of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
IP°J?__!*NK
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Union Officials
When Wanting: Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work fpr
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
PhonM:  Sey. 7421 ud Sey. 4480
1129 HOWE ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C. FRIDAY September  12, 1»84
SIXTEENTH  TEAR.    No.
»: BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
PAGE THREE
Oor Expenses Are Small
and So Are Onr Profits
For a good Work Boot, oome in sod
see ns. Grab's special, 6 to 11 $4.98
Hen's tnd Boys' Boots, just In from
England, at special prices-
Men's Leather Slippers, cat priee—
„.„  fl.BS
lien's Underwent—If you want an
aU wool, good reliable underwear,
wear Viking, just in, in 2-plece or
combination. $6*50
Bpeclal, per salt.  ™
Penman's 71 Combination Underwear
for Boys and Men.    Saturday—•",
.....„„.„.„ fl.35 and $1.95
Men's   Khaki    Coveralls,  84   to   44.
Saturday ,...* »2.W
Arthur Frith & Ca.
Hen's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2813 MAIN STREET
Between 70s and Stb avenues
Phone, Fairmont 14
IN DAYS GONE BY
People Judged by What They Do
Rather Than by What
They Advise
Playgrounds Too Few for Youngsters to Work Off Their
Superfluous Energy
UOW often those ot < i
1     yoiinger generations.
MOVING   ,
Baggage, Pianos and  Furniture
SANGSTER TRANSFER 00.
Bey. 4288 224 ABBOTT ST.
RE CIVIO VOTERS' LIST
The City Clerk's Offlce will be open
from 7 to 9 in evenings, September
10th to 13th both inclusive to receive
applications to be placed on the
Voters' List for the current year.
Tenants and Registered Owners of
property not on the Assessment Roll
must make application.
The last day is Saturady the 13th
lnat' WM. McQUEEN,
City Clerk.
City Hall,
Sept. 8, 1924.
OOAL   TENDERS
TENDERS wanted for 2000 tons Ooal for
Vancouver School Board.    Quote prices
1 aa follows:
Delivered In Bankers any School of
Vanconver School Bond.
Double Screened Lump, per ton, t -»£•
Slack       •       ■       -     per ton, $	
State B. T. U.'r. Ton to bo 2000 lba. and
, unpolled to School Board as required by Individual orders. Lowest tender not turn*
sarlly accepted. Tonders ondorsod Voal
Tender," to be In hands of Secretary, Van-
couver  School  Board,   Monday,   15th   Sept.,
1924' B   G. WOLFE-MERTON,
Socretary School Board.
OOBPOBATION OP POINT OBBT.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to the under-
nlgncd will be  recoived by tho Council
op to 8 o'clock p.m. of Monday, Soplcm-
i ber 15th inst., for the following:
Excavating nnd backfilling for water mains
Markham St. from 41st to 49th Aves.
Sperling St. from 45th to 49th Avus.
Constructing Sewors on—      ,,.,,«£
Markham St. from 4lst to 49th Aves.
Sporting St. from 45th to 49th Aves.
Trafalgar St. from 43rd to 46th Aves.
Paving Trafalgar St. from 43rd to 45th Aves.
Forms of tender, specifications, and full
information may bo obtained on application
to tho Municipal Engineer on payment or
tho sum of $5.00 which will be returned on
receipt of a bona fide tender.
A deposit by certified cheque of ten (10)
per cent, of tho amount tendered will bo re-
quired with each tender as security that tho
tondorer will, if called upon, enter into a
' contract, and provide the required bond for
the performance of the work.
Canvassing members of the Council ior
any of thts business will be held to be a dis-
,0Tho lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted. HENRY pL(m)
C. M. 0.
Municipal Hall, 5851 West Boulevard, Vanoouver, B. C\, September 9, 1924.
{By E. C. Miller, President Muslclansflow themselves to be .deluded that it Is
TRAINING     OF     OHILDREN
Anti-War Day, 1924
THIRD SUNDAY IN
SEPTEMBER
Vancouver Unions
ALLIED PRINTfNO TRADES COUNCIL—
, Meets seeond Monday in the month. Pre-
} aidant, J. R. White; secretary, R, H. Neel-
[ anda. P. O. Box 66.     ___________
[ FEDERATED LABOB PARTY, Boom Hi-
fi 19 Pender St. West—Business meetings
lavery Wednetday evening. A. Maclnnis,
I chairman; B. H. Morrison, sec-tress.; Oeo.
|D. Harrison, 1183 Parker Street, Vaneoaver,
B, 0., corresponding secretary.
__    Any dlstriot in British Columbia desiring
■ information ra aecuring speakers or tba for-
■ ■nation of loeal branches, kindly commuuieate
Iwlth provincial Seeretary 3. Lyle Telford,
[694  Birks   Bldg.,   Vancouver,  B.   0.    Tele-
Ipbons Seymoar 1888, >r faimont 4988.
I BAKERY SALESMEN, LOOAL 871—Me«ts
1 second Thuraday every month in Holdon
I Building. Preaident, J. Brightwetl; flnanclal
[secretary, H. A. Bowron, 939—llth Avenue
I East.
is of the
have heard
That is not the way we used to
do lt when we were young." It re.
calls to mind the advice the young
husband was giving his wife about
making pies, • "You should make
thom liko mother did." Exceedingly annoying to say the least.
When the younger generations
read our histories, stories and legends
of the past, they very frequently
contain references that would make
our rising generations blush. People
aro judged by what they dov rather
than by what they advise others to
do. Children are admonished by
parents for being guilty of certain
conduct. The ohildren, with minds
much more alert, active, and per
haps much more reasonable, take
the advice with a "grain of salt,"
for they see their parents living in
a manner, not quite in keeping with
the advice they had given.
If we are earnest ln our desire to
have our children respect our advice
and teachings we will so live, that
they might by our very example, at.
tain the ideal we would have them
reach.
The irritation which parents display at the failure of the children
to attain their ideal is due, we fear,
too often to thetr own failure to live
os they ought. They are chaffing
under their own failure and take it
out of the children. Hardly fair to
say the least!
The children of to-day are
bright, active and alert as were those
born in the "good old days." Out in
the country, however, they could
busy themselves in some * creative
enterprise, the product of their own
imagination. They could roam the
fields, stroll through tho foroods, and
commune with nature in a thousand
different ways. They could develop
naturally. It was a privilege that
fow children enjoy, as they ought,
to.day.
To-day, especially in our cities, the
children are forbidden to do this, or
they mustn't do that. The back
yards in which they play are too
small for them to turn around in
comfort, let alone to romp In, as
healthy boys and cirls should do.
The streets, should be forbidden
ground, owing to the dangerous nature of our traffic in these days.
Playgrounds are few and far be.
tween. For the children to work off
their superfluous energy in the home
drives mother to distraction, and
father too, If he happens to spend
tlie dny at home, especially if lie feels
a little grumpy. It would appear that
thus far, the little tots "have to
make    the best of a bad job."
When they grow a little older,
they aro sent to school. What a
relief, Bays the weary mother! But
the poor child, what of it? Forced to go to school; forced to learn
a thousand and one useless bits of,
so-called education; forced to their
little minds subservient to that of
an lll.natured—or perhaps a good
natured—school-marm, who feels
herself, as does the child, although
Perhaps unconsciously so, a victim
of circumstances. The things they
would love to do are forbidden them.
The things they hate to do, they
must do. Is tt any wonder that their
tittle minds rebel, and that in later
life that rebellion takes the form of
an anti-social attitude towards the
community in which they livo,
If it were alt to a good purpose we
might forgive, but it Isn't. Those
who are happiest—and after all, true
happiness is no mean goal ln life—
are those who are engaged in doing
that which oihey like best. Being
forced to do something one dislikes
all one's life, does not make us bett.
or men or women. It does, however,
mak us, ftvhat we are wont to turn,
the want of a better name, reb-
Union]
TVTOW that the recent controversy
between the Musicians' union and
the Famous Players Canadian corporation, Ltd., has ended satisfactorily
to all concerned, it Is felt that a word
or two to our fellow workers is necessary in order to correct some erroneous impressions of our demands, when
comparisons detrimental to our cause
may be made with those of others who
toil in the general field of labor.
The fact that we were asking for a
reduction of a working day of six
hours, to that of five and one-half, except on rehearsal days, when another
two and one-half hours are allowed;
and we were determined if necessary
to endure a lock-out of a prolonged
period rather than submit, may cause
a gasp of astonishment to those who
spend eight or even ten hours a day
following their vocations. Our demand possibly might seem unjust and
arbitrary, if it were not for the point
that it ls generally acknowledged by
all play and not work. Let them remember that the finished product has
been the result of years of effort, consistent and laborious; that ln addition
to their performance, there are the rehearsals, private practice and indivL
dual commitments to an outlay on instruments, often expensive ' which
again have to be constantly renewed;
then again let lt be noted that the
physical and nervous strain which
they undergo has a deleterious effect
on their system; and finally due to a
capricious public, who are forever
clamoring for novelties other than
the legitimate side of the art, their
occupation becomes precarious when
unemployment is the result and by the
very nature.of their calling which has
demanded so Intensive and so exhaustive an application to their profession
when they are out they are in many
cases not fit for anything else.
_ With this brief explanation of our
profession to those who may misunderstand  our position  we hope that
.. , ,     ,„        ...   .. .   .any ideas that we are a grasping body
those who are familiar with the musi- which ^^ for much and giveB mUe
MANCEUVRING UNDERSTOOD
llNTKBNATIONAL     BROTHERHOOD     OF
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
■ era of America, Local 194—Meetings Irst
land third Mondays In each month In Holden
■Building.   President, P. Willis; secreUry, A.
■ Fraser.   OBce hoars, 9 to 11 e.m. and 8 to 6
hr
lOIVIO EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets Brat
I and third Fridays ln each month, at 448
| Richards Street. President, David CuthlU.
12863 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
| Harrison, 1183 Parker Btreet.
I ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
J.   of   Steam and   Operating,  Loesl   882—
I Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
1 806 Holden Bldg.   President, Charles Priee;
I business agent and financial secreUry, F. U
I Hunt;   Recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
[ MUSICIANS'       MUTUAL    ■ PROTECTIVE
UNION, Loeal 145, A. F. of M.—Meets in
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
second Sunday at 10 ajn.   Preaident, Harry
Pearson, 991 Nelson Street; secreUry B. A.
Jamleson, 991 Nelson Strsst; financial secretary, W. E. Williams, 991   Nelson   Street
organiser, F. Fletoher, 991 Kelson Street.
I FEDERATED SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
0.—Meeting nights, Int Tuesday and Srd
Friday of eaeh month at headquarters, 811
Oordova Street Wast. President, D. Gtller
pit; vice-president, John Johnson; sserstary-
treaaurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor
leva Straet West. Braneh agent's address:
Oeorge Faulkner, 576 Johnson Street, Vic-
'torts, B. 0. ______
IVhE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FBDEB-
I ATION—MeeU at 091 Nelson Slrest, at 11
1a.m. on tha Tuesday pwMdlng tha 1st Bn*
■day of tha month. President, fcl*Jim*
laaa, 991 Nelson St.; Becrettry, 0, H. Wll-
[Hams. 991 He. aon St j Boslnese Agent,   F
Bfletcher, .991 Nelson St.	
ITTPOGBAPHIOAL UNION, No. 338—mull dent, R. P. Pettlpleet: vlef president. J.
|M. Bryan; seewUryt»asnrar, B. H. Nae-
'lands, P. 0, Boi 88.   MaeU last Sunday of
each month at 9 p.m. In Holden Building, 19
Hastings Street East.  _
[•PRINCE       RUPERT       TTPOGBAPHIOAL
II UNION, No. 411-FniMat, &£. MM'
J'duull aemurrtreasnrer, J. If. Campbell,
I p. 0. Box 819.   MeaU lut Thnralay of eaeh
Mth.
for
els. It will always be so. If our lives
coutd but be lived In such a manner
as to devotop all the highest and
noblest attributes which we possess
and thus bring to a full fruition all
the glorious potentialities which
oach and every one of Uh possesses,
*o a greater or less degree, this could
he, it would be, a glorious paradise.
As it is we are In a world, not of
our own choslng. Our parents have
been forced upon us. Our environments are not 0f our own making,
The hereditary characteristics with
which we have been endowed, for
better or for worse, we perhaps, had
we the freedom to do it, would glad.
Iy hand them back to the givers,
free of all encumbrances. Thus we
are handlcarped at tho very com
mencement of the race. And that is
not all. Once wo participate
find that wo are handicapped
overy aide. Instead of finding that
the obtaining of our livllhood is but
the means to an end, we are con-
fronted with this stern reality, that
for the most of us, it is taking tho
real joy out of living, and that is "tho
fact that this earning of a livllhood
now turns out to be, through the
force of circumstances, which by the
way are quite unnecessary—to be tho
end Itself. Suoh is life as it is to.day.
However, there Is a silver lining to
every cloud. Th* dny Is not far dls
tant, many of us feel, when our
social system will be changed, and
In such a manner that wo will all be
enabled to more or less ignore tho
sordid side of life, that    of    merely
cal profession, that on account of the
condensed energy and concentration
which a musician must undergo In
giving service; his six hours a day
without adequate rest periods, ls
equal to ten hours of an ordinary occupation, and the five and one-half to
that of the eight hours per diem for
which labor is striving for throughout
the entire civilised world.
The result then, is that unless some
steps were taken, the continuance of
our musicians breaking down under
the nervous and exhaustive strain, accompanied often by eye trouble; particularly ln picture theatre orchestras
on account of sustaining sound either
by string or wind for periods of an
hour and a quarter, to an hour and a
.half has contributed largely to making many into mental and physical
In the early days of the motion picture no attempt was made by the orchestras to give a close interpretation
to the action on the screen. A programme of music was discoursed, not
much .different to that of a band or
orchestra playing at a garden party,
for the pleasure of their patrons with
intervals between every number. But
nowadays, the system has entirely
changed. We have now what is called
synchronized interpretation, i; e.,
every cue or action that takes place
on the screen, must be visualized by
an exact setting in music; and it must
be continuous from orchestra to organ,' and vice versa when relieving
each other; so it must be realized, to
expect orchestras of the type to perform on periods or sessions of playing
varying from one hour, to one and a
half hours with a working day similar
to other trades and crafts, is physically Impossible and beyond all human
endurance.
Sume capital has been made of tin
fact, that our players in the flrst class
houses are handsomely rewarded with
a salary of ?50 per week. Well, lti
San Francisco, Now York, etc., many
houses pay $70 and upwards per
week; while in symphony work, which
is far less arduous, though, perhaps in
detail more technical, there are some
who obtain $100 or more per week.
However, there are other places of
amusement besides first-class houses,
where our musicians perform, and
some do not receive much more than
$25 or $30 per week, out of which tt is
expected they must provide for their
own instruments, unless they are' organists or pianists.
When lt is considered that lt takes
eight yearB to make a moderate player
and often fifteen years, even after
having the advanntage of studying
at o college or conservatoire—entailing further fees lor instruction—to
produce a first-class player sufflcl
ently skilled so as to render justice
to the class of music required by a flrst-clasB house;
then remember that most ol
his early years while gaining experience, his remuneration is a pittance.
Add to that, his profession, is very
precarious. Often by the whim of the
public, he may be thrown out of-employment, on account of some change
in the Instrumentation due to a passing fancy, such for example as the
present craze for Jazz. The salary of
$50 per week, therefore, Is anything
but an exorbitant demand on the theatrical management.
Possibly If the salaries of the professional musician throughout his
career could be averaged, the sum per
woek would in nil probability be below
mony others, who nre able almost Immediately after their apprenticeship
has terminated, to be at their full earning power; and yet there are crafts
and professions, it must be said without disparagement to them, that require little more than one to five years
compared to the musician's eight to
fifteen years to learn their business.
Unfortunately this docs not entirely
sum up our case. It has to be reipem-
bered that while the time taken
train a musician Is very extensive, he
or she is still not finished. Ability to
n player Is never at a standstill. We
are either going backwards or for
wards. Woe to the man who thinkB
he has learned It all, for ns sure as
there Is a sun above us, he will And
that ln the Intense competition such
as exists in our proreBSlon—let It be
In all fairness stated, as what does not
exist elsewhere—that person will be
overtaken, and he will Join the ranks
of the "has beens." Continual application and study Is necessary not only
In order to retnln skill but also to
retain It ,so that a musician Ih never
finished.
In conclusion, our friends when they
attend a concert or a picture theatre,
and listen,to what Is after all the most
beautiful and uplifting art in existence
namely, that of music, should not al
tn return, will be removed; and that
on the contrary, our- cause is deserving of the sympathy of all those who
toll for an existence, mental or
physical.
Franco-German Trade Pact Worries Financiers of Qreat
Britain
Big Bnsiness Ever on Look-out
for Field of Commerce to
Exploit
WE do not share the worries, regarding this trade-pact, that our
relations "across the pond" are supposed to be experiencing respecting
these affairs. We have other worries
which are more vital to
welfare.
However,  it is th.  „m   oW 8tory|
our    own
One country
earning our livllhood, and we will
then bo enabled to develop the higher and the nobler tendencln and
potentialities within us, ns God him
self, we feel sure, primarily intend
ed  that we  should.
it is the
of money and of war.
fears that its rival Is going to put
something over on It. That sounds
very well, but as a matter of fact
the country, or the people should
not concern themselves about such
matters Such rivalry i8 purely and
■ mply between the the various international trading groups in the
various countries. Occasionally they
feel that they a,-e being outwitted-
or something like that Then they
"•ing up the question of "national
honor.' or the "very ltWa blood 0
our nation " or a few other such ap.
Pealing phrases.    The    daily    press
owned and controUed by these'arge
financial interests, either d,„c£
or -indirectly, usea its influenced
« a rule it succeeds-m convincing
the common people that their (the
People's)  rights are in jeopardy.
The big interests of England can
see danger ahead for themselves, for
heyrea,,       fu„    we„_thoy
rom experience, that "big business"
knows no flag, it carries on where
it is found profitable so to do
whether it be /with its one time one
my or Its most beloved ally. Those
of us who believed that such bitter
animosity  existed   between   the peo-
23 .* *f-e ^nd Ge™w wm
find it hard to understand any trade
pact between the interests of these
two countries. Those of us, on the
other hand, who have seen the hias-
or hand of the big interests at work
throughout the past decade, can ena.
Uy  understand   their  manceuvurlng.
They are ever on the lookout for
some field of commerce or business
to exploit for their 'personal gain.
They care not whose rights they
trample underfoot so long ns they
win. If it Is necessary for them to
bring about a war between France
and England, they would not hesitate so long as they wero not In tho
front line.
So long as nations aro being controlled hy those whose private interests are diametrically opposod to
those of the citizens in general,
then we need have little hope of a
Permanent pence." The influnce and
control, as exercised by the big Interests in Germany, France and
England Is tho one factor that is
producing a needlessly hard and nr.
duous tnsk for lhe statesmen of
those various countries. The heads
of these governments wuuld find
much ground In common, and very
Httle In dispute if the financial interests  were  eliminated.
Premiers MacDonald and Herrlot
have, In the opinion of many of s,
been too Inclined of late, to hark-
en to the call of tho financial barons,
rather than to the needs of tho peo.
pie. Their task, however, is an
enormous one, and we must be patient for a time, at least. They are,
no doubt, having many obstacles
placed in their way, of which we
know but little. They ore men who
have our ovory confidence and we
feel that they arc doing their best
In  face of their difficulties.
One thing, they must ever bear In
mind, howover, Is that every act they
perform, must have as its ultimate
goal, the emancipation of the great
mass of mankind.
Thoir Interests alone must ultimately predominate. Any govern.
mont thnt has not such an Ideal, as
Its flnnal objective must sooner or
Inter pass out of existence, regardless
of whom may be in control. A labor
govornment would be no exception
if It failed to recognizo this fact,
When    the    foodstuffs    that    aro
grown, the materials thot are manu-
FOREIGN HEWS ITEM.
Unsettled Conditions Prevail in
Different Lands Among the
Workeri
Rumania
American capital has been dealt a
sharp slap ln the face by the new mining law. The Bucharest government
will not lease additional fields until 60
per cent, of their capital ls in Rumanian hands. It has been estimated
that this act amounts to a confiscation
of foreign property equal to $150,000,-
000.
Persia
The murder of Imbrie, the American consul last July, was evidently
the outcome of more than his
rash action in trying to take a picture
of a religiously-excited crowd on their
holy day. Oil interests were apparently Involved. The influence of Britain and Russia had been exerted to
secure advantages and. defeat each
other's aims, and American forces are
involved In the struggle between the
Sinclair and Standard Oil companies.
In spite of criticisms in the press
against the American advisers of the
government, four more American experts were engaged. - *
Philippines
Independence was promised the
Filipinos in 1916 as soon as a stable
government could be established.
When the United States took over
government at the end of the nineteenth century, they found a more or
less deep culture and more than 2000
publio schools and various institutions
of higher education. The people have
progressed much since that time as
regards education, public health, administration of Justice, etc, and now
their one wish Js independence. The
United States object to this on the
ground that the Philippines may fall a
victim to some great and ambitious
power; ln other words, they prefer to
exploit the people themselves. But according to the president of the Philippine senate, the people feel capable of
looking after themselves, and ln any
case they have a better opinion of the
rest of the world than has America,
probably because they do not happen
to be a great power.
Egypt
Premier MacDonald is in a difficult
position. He must realize that Britain
is breaking her promise to Egypt in
not giving her the absolute independence promised for assistance In the
war. Independence must surely include evacuation by the British troops
from the whole country, including the
Suez canal region. On the other hand
It is easy to account for capitalist unwillingness to evacuate the country.
■ Table ■
Gramophones
(As Illustrated)
Wonderful Value at
$13.75
We don't think like value has ever been offered
before. We bought severnl hundreds of them, and it is
r- -    _^_fM       only,   because   we
E--lii-.i-i;__________S^| bought  them   in   a
i I large  quantity that
*%»' we can sell them for
W this low price.
The case measures 11 x 12 inches; has a speaking
front, concert sound box, nickel front turntable,
stop, tone arm and regulator. It has a splendid
tone, and plays all makes of records. Really
wonderful value at $13.75.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
The only progress which is really
effective depends, not upon the boun
ty of nature,  but upon the energy
of man.—Buckle.
factured, and the various natural resources of this, and othor lands that
may be developed, are utilized
wholly and solely for the good bf
mankind rather than being used as
they are to.day, to enrich a fow fin
ancial barons, we would have no need
to fear trade pacts, or any other
kind of pacts. *
FOR SALE
Lot'33xl20 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
APPLY BOX "C," FEDERATIONIST OFFICE,
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
Here tt is
oivei STAFF
THE MASTERPIECE OF BEERMAKING
The New.    • PAGE FOUR
sixteenth year.   No. 37 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vAncouyn,
aa
FRIDAY September   12, 1-2.
Here's Your
J HAVE just received 600
Grey and Khaki Flannel
Shirts that I am putting on
the market for $1.95. These
Shirts were made by an Eastern firm that had too much
cloth  and had to sell.
Sizes 14y_ to 18 (large bodies). You and I both benefit
at—
$1.95
SOME SNAP
W.B.Brummitt
18-20 Oordova St. West
Lewis Piano
Specials
—SEE IHE NEW-
STUDENT   MODEL
Beethoven Piano
A beautiful toned little Instrument,
standing 3 feet 8 1-2 Indies high,
especially suitable for apartment
houses and small suites, etc. Every
piano fully guaranteed by tbe makers.'
See these before deciding.
$350.00
On Buy Teraa     Without Interest.
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Cant
LEWIS PIANO HOUSE
LTD.
1044 GRANVILLE STKEET
VANCOUVER. B. O.
Between he Devil and the Deep Sea
British capitalists are between the
devil and the deep sea. The .dominions want to flnd markets for their
surplus agricultural products and they,
therefore, ask for a preference tariff.,
If this Is granted, food prices will rise
in Britain and the cost of production
goes up. On the other hand, the principal oxport to the overseas dominions Is textile machinery. But soon
the dominions will ne producing this
for themselves. Meanwhile, something like 62 per cent, of Britain's
trade is with countries outside the em- <
pire; and, if a preference is given to
dominion products, reprisals may be
expected, and a blow civen to the ex- ,
port trade, i
TIMELY TOPICS
TJIS HOLINESS THE POPE and sev-
iJ" eral other pillars of the church,
are taking a remarkable attitude with
regard to short sleeves and low-
necked dresses. We would remlna
them that "modesty is mainly an accidental result of the Invention of
clothes. Narrow-mindedness never
gets anyone anywhere.
Let them obey who know not how j
to rule.—Shakespeare. , "
DR. W. F. E. DURRANT
CHIROPRACTOR
Palmer Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   Rheumatism, Stomach and all Internal Troublea.
SIXTH FLOOR (615)
DOMINION BANK BUILDING
207 HASTINGS ST. W.
Phone, Seymour 19(16
We wonder if these reverend gentlemen realize that their objection to
bare arms and necks gives the show
away with regard to themselves.
Either they are guilty of thinking
there is something unworthy about
arms and necks and, therefore, in effect, criticize the Creator (and criticism, to them, is surely a heresy) or
else they advertise the fact that they
are evil-minded.
• *      *
^According to J. St. Clair King, the
cleverest and ableBt lawyers in congress have been unable to devise a law
regulating child labor that can win the
sanction of the supreme court. For
years the employers of child labor
have successfully fought legislation affecting the welfare of child laborers.
These employers maintain high-priced
lobbyists for the purpose of influencing legislation in their favor.
* *      *
A large proportion of America's
boasted prosperity is obtained through
child labor factories, quarries and on
farms. There is a good deal of home
manufacturing—the making of jewelery, knitted goods and lace, for instance—done by children between five
and seven.
• *      *
We are told that this is due to the
greed of parents who live from the
toil of their children. We would like
to give the devil his duo, and point
out that the greedy capitalists exploit the children, because their work
is cheaper in proportion. The parents
are simply driven to depend on tbeir
children's earnings to some extent, for
children can generally more easily obtain work than adults.
* •      •
We don't usually indulge ln swearwords, so we hasten to add that the
following is not ours, but an extract
from a speech by a clergyman, Lieut-
Colonel Dudley, of New Tork, pastor
of the Frst Congregational church: "I
would send the God damn pacifists to
hell." This from a churchman con-
firms our fears that the church, or
some sections thereof, will be the finest recruiting agents In the next war.
• •      •
We would not like to offend our
readers by printing the adjectives
Dudley used in regard to the working
class. The mildest thing he said was
this: "Do you want a dictatorship of
a drove of pigs substituted for a government of decent men?" Then they
condemn us working class folks for
being 'class-conscious! Class consciousness In the form of snobbery is the
usual attitude of the elect, and they
only despise us because we do the toil
and dirty work for the community.
* •      •
We sincerely hope that true Americans are thoroughly ashamed of the
activities of the Ku Klux Klan,1'and we
hope that Canadians will resist every
effort to form a similar organization
in Canada. "Murder, floggings, tar-
rlngs, burnings are among somo of Its
gallant exploits." And all because
people have a different viewpoint.
Truly, we cannot afford to condemn
tho Italian Fascisti when the "land of
the free" has to employ such methods
to maintain its madhouse kind of
capitalism,
•*      *      *
Two thousand lots up at the coming
tax sales in South Vancouver. * That
sounds as though prosperity Is a long
way around the corner. Yet they persist in telling us that Vancouver Is In
for a great era of prosperity; that
f business Is picking up, etc., etc. Still,
we shouldn't expect anything else. We
have the past activities of this crowd
to guide us and there has never been
anything very enlightening or encouraging about it.
«-     *      •
MacDonald's speech angers "Pertl-
nax," the French nationalist writer.
The speech would surely have been a
failure if lt hadn't have done so. Our
French nationalist friends believe—at
least they say so—that we cannot have
peace assured us unless by force. MacDonald believes that we cannot have
peace with force. There's a difference! The one has been a dismal fa.il-
ur. That we know from experience.
The other could not be a greater failure by any chance.
OUR SYSTEM
OF EDUCATION
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN s
■18 Huting. Street East        2—STORES—2        655 OranvUle Street
Sey. __8-87a "SAY IT WITH FLOWER8" Sey. 9513-1311
FOR SALE
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Kitsilano.
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
APPLY BOX "D," FEDERATIONIST OFFICE,
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
FOR SALE
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
APPLY BOX "A," FEDERATIONIST OFFICE,
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
Apparently some of our Italian
friends in America are not kindly disposed towards Mussolini and his fascist! eane. Lieut. Locatelli had his official welcome at New York marred on
account of^he strong anti-fascist! feeling running rampant there. Even the
fascisti are finding that they cannot
make this old system function in a
satisfactory manner. Well, it cannot
be 'done. They are foolish" wasting
their time trying.
In one of our recent Rotarian publications, one of the contributors
seemed to go a long way out of the
usual course to praise the young patriots of Italy—the fascist!, if you
please—for their valiant services to
their country. Our Rotarian friends
must be willing to believe anything,1 if
they believe that propaganda. We
think they are a little inclined to
flounder a bit, when lt comes to solving our real social problems. Tbat
stunt of theirs, "Prosperity is Just
around the corner," was a wonder.
* *      •
"Jerry" McGeer stands ready to assist Premier Oliver in the freight rates
fight. "Honest" John need not fear,
being left alone In that struggle, when
he so lavishly—at least his government—hands out the cash remunerations for services rendered that has
been done In the past in connection
with the freight rates fight. Well,
"Jerry," It has gotten moulding brass
beaten to a standstill, hasn't it,
* *     *
"Arrested on charge of attempting
own life," reads a recent headline, in
our local press. This is a funny world
isn't it? Driven to desperation by Ill-
health, or worry of -some kind, and
during such a period of depression he
commits an indiscreet act, now he is
arrested. Yet some large bank or corporation will so conduct their business
as to ruin thousands of Individuals and
force them to the verge of starvation
and they can get away with it. Get the
poor devil who Is helpless, and down
and out seems to be the game. To em-
harass an already distracted wife,
means nothing.
• *      *    ' *
It seems odd not to hear of "Our
Lloyd George" receiving wonderful
ovations down at Geneva these days.
We are sure ha must miss them.
There is this to be thankful for, at
least, Mr. George, a better man, en-
Joys that honor, though he is perhaps
much less concerned about these ovations than yourself.
* *      •
Oversubscribed!    The Dominion of
Canada offering of $26,000,000 waa
oversubscribed and the books closed
Friday noon last. Can you blame our
New York friends when they can "feet
a good dollar for 90 cents, while at,
the same time draw 4 % per cent, interest on the dollar? Now, we suppose, if we have any , differences j
among ourselves the Urtited States,
army and navy will be called upon to1
preserve the rights of foreigners. That
is the usual procedure. That will be a '
wonderful card for our anti-labor
forces to play some day. Oh, they
have foresight, alright.
At the Orpheum
The Orpheum circuit's banner European importation of the year, '"The
Imperial Russian Players," an aggre- j
gation of thirty clever Slav artists,
heads the new vaudeville bill opening
next Thursday. Their offering Is a j
bizarre and exotic novelty featuring I
Vlasta Maslova, Philip Pelz Sympho-,
nlc~ Orchestra of 24, and Olga Kazan-;
Rkaya, known In Russia as "Olga,- the
Nightingale." The act comprises the
finest fancies in song and dance, these
entertainers having been former
prime favorites of ex-Czar Nicholas at'
the winter palace of Petrograd. The
big orchestra is entirely of stringed instruments, and there Is a also a ilus-
slan made quartette. This act will assuredly set Vancouver agog. Blackface Eddie Ross, veteran minstrel
man and a headliner wherever he ap-.
pears, brings his "African harp" and
plays lt as lt should be played. Will
Fox and his company will also present
"The Story of a "Man Who Bought an
Automobile," a satire which makes for
clean and clever entertainment, Ze-
laya, noted South American pianist
and master of music, wit and philosophy, Is also an authority on psycho-,
logy, new thought, unity and theoso-
phy; his offering is distinctly novel
and "different" to the ordinary vaudeville turn. Collins and Hart are two
"athletes" of a new order who surprise
their audiences and create riots of
fun. Les 01.ei.zl are also athletes, but
of a totally different order. Their
equilibrist ic ' attainment is thrilling
and genuine. Downey and Claridge
have a now offering which tbey call
"Walt and See," The usual pictures
closo this fino show.
Had Barnum observed politics
with as great an Interest as he observed the circus, bo would havo realized
tbat tho politician Is more adept in
ihe art'of fooling the people than
the cleverest of showmen.
Rend in Your J.nmllt. Orders Now
Prices for The B. C. Federationist
ordered in bundles: Fifty for ?2, loo
for $3.50, 600 for ?10.   Mailed to any
address.
[Nemesis]
1 TT WAS rather confusing to read the
1 recent controversy on our system of
education, confusing because of the
diversity of viewpoints from whicb
the various interests expressed their
opinions thereon, and because we have
no system of education in vogue.
We have read of tne dissatisfaction
in many minds regarding our educational methods; we noticed that the
business man got up and expressed
himself somewhat as follows: "You
teach the children many things of no
value to them in after life, In the
great struggle for profits. Teach them
more on business lines; it will pay.
You are wasting much good money
on them now—a blood-red sin."
Up sprang the parson and exploded:
"You are heathens. You' are not Instructing your children in religion;
you are starving their souls and depriving them of the chance to make
good in the next world, and the
churches are suffering on that account."
Then the representative of labor-Intervened and said: "Your education is
not practical enough; fit your children
for the workshop nnd give them a
chance to make good at the benoh in
the coming great struggle which is intensifying with each year."
Then up whirled the flaming loyalist: "Your hjstory books are infamous. They place foreigners of all sorts
on a level with British subjects. Let
us have new history books and wave,
wave the flag for ever."
And so on and so on; each shouts
from his own little corner, and confusion rages, and will rage for a long
time yet.
When I said wc have no educational
system, perhaps I should have mora*
clearly expressed myself, if I had said,
our so-called system of education is
a system of instruction merely. If you
obtain a copy of tbe school law and
read it carefully, you will find that
the school life of the child is divided
into certain periods, in each of which
a certain amount of knowledge—so
many pages in a reading book, so
many rules of arithmetic, etc., etc.—
is outlined to be imparted to forty or
fifty children by one teacher doing tbe
set period, and that is about all there
is to* our so-called system of education now under fire of the critics-
Our children are treated exactly as
If thoy were so many machines, all
capable of performing so many footpounds of work in a given time. I am
conscious that I am employing a poor
metaphor here, because we have more
consideration for our machines (because we reckon their worth ln dollars, I suppose) than we have for our
children. We recognize the difference
in capability of our machines, and one
never hears of anyone except a manlat
talking of cracking stones with a sewing machine.
But like 'everything else on this
earth, our education must be performed at the cheapest rate; and so we find
our present system In vogue. The
teacher is appointed at the lowest salary he can accept, and he Is presented
with forty or fifty scholars and the
school law, and he is expected to treat
them all alike—so many facts, in a
certain time, to be rammed willy-nilly
into each and all of them; and the
result Is soul depressing work for the
instructor, and as very intense dislike for school in the pupil's mind. It
could not be otherwise under the circumstances. If anyone wishes his
children to be educated he must do it
himself or they will get no education.
For centuries the world's producers
were allowed to exist in absolute ignorance, and only when economic reasons forced the employers to give
them some form of instruction was
any form of systematic, public instruction introduced and, of course, it was
then made compulsory, and from
then till now, that instruction has
been added to nnd regulated, merely
in response to the needs of the ever-
intensifying economic struggle for existence of the individuals and the nations.
There has been no. attempt to educate, because educated and thinking proletarians are not desired,
merely trained ones—trained to do
their masters' work like the trainod
stage-dogs.
There are two qualities possessed
by man, which have been entirely
overlooked in the past by our so-called
educational authorities, which, however, play a great part in our lives and
possess immense possibilities for the
race, if taken in hand and proper!*
trained or educated, that is, trained in
a direction which will tend to Increase
the happiness and comfort of the race.
The qualities I refer to are those of
inquisltiveness and Imagination. Take
the first-mentioned one. It is a noble
quality and, properly educated, a
great power for progress and devel.
opment.
Under existing conditions, a charge
of being inquisitive contains a reflection on the conduct and good Judgment of'the person so charged and, ot
course, there Is a wide difference between the man of science spending
his whole life seeking to unravel the
mysteries of nature and the old lady
eagerly panting to discover what form
of mischief her neighbor ts hatching
behind her drawn blinds. One represents the trained and properly directed quality, the other the untrained
qunlity left to the unfettered Instincts
of tho primeval savage.
A truo education thon would consist
in training the qualities nature has
Implanted In the child so lhat thoy
may be exorcised for the happiness
of the Individual an<l the good of the
whole race. Only by such a training
of all the qunlities (and they can all
bo trained in the right direction) can
our men over hope to develop into a
higher and nobler state than the very
questionable ono we flnd ourselves
In  to-day.
.. Let our so-called educationalists,
then, como out of their little corners,
and, discarding their little trumpets,
Acquaint Your Fellow Workers
with Clean Labor Journalism
AVE you friends to whom you would like The B. C. Federationist sent for a month, in order
that they may become acquainted' with this upright, constructive weekly Labor paper?
B
If you have, send us their names and addresses, accompanied by Twenty oenti for eaoh monthly
trial subscription. Those whose names you send will be notified of your courtesy. You may use
the coupon below, or write us.
- Your Own Name :. ...	
Street Address , .'.. City and Province.	
Amount enclosed $	
Please Send The B. 0. Federationist for Ono Month to:
NAME STBBBT ADDRESS CITY AND PROVINCE
*%>«iiai;a«M»»,»»* -*tn\ nxtstans.
-
TRIAL BUNDLE ORDERS—Twenty-five or more copies, iy_ cents per copy.
agree on a system of true education by
which each mental quality tho child
possesses shall bo developed to bene-'
flt the child and the race. They win
find it expensive, of course, as no
teacher can properly guide and educate the large number of children that
our present instruction system requires of them; and equally, of course,
I am sadly aware that the expense
will prevent the adoption of any real
system of education, which I fear
must wait till the tottering, old proflt
system has cashed-in its last cheque.'
Another subject,_whlch might with
advantage receive more attention than
it does at present, Is that of pure logic
—I mean by that logic, unassociated
with any other subject such as mathematics. Man possesses logical qualities, and should be properly educated;
but as there is false logic, as well as
true, care and watchful supervision
would be necessary ln Its application
when dealing with children.
Let me illustrate what I mean by
two simple syllogisms:
First—(1) Your masters own the
earfh. (2) They kindly let you eat,
drink and exist In return for your labor. (3) Therefore, it is your simple
duty to love, honor and obey them
to the utmost of your nature.
On the surface this seems true
enough; but, more seriously considered, one finds it to be false, because the
premises are false, and show that logic
Is not always to be relied upon—unless it be associated with true morality, In a somewhat different form the
human race has been subjected to influences resembling the above for long
centuries.
Second—(1) Your masters do not
own the earth, but have unlawfully
taken possession of it. (2) By being
In possession they are able to enslave
the rest of mankind. (3) Therefore,
the only hope left to mankind is to retake the earth and work it for the
good of all.
■ Fmally, let us insist that our children be educated in the true morality,
that is, ln the observance of the one
great, eternal, moral law, which the
truest and greatest of earth's teachers
referred to when he spoke of "The
Law."
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet <&
j&
iii VERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work" you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires feoinfc with plenty of good
fuel-food-BREAD.
BREAD IS YOUR BEST FOOD
EAT MORE OF IT
THAT hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of delicious
golden-crusted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo. «
When wars do come, they fall upon the many, the producing class,
■who are the sufferers.—General
Grant.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
•* McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OF   THB    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS  AT   THB   GOVERNMENT  STORES
OOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sole at aU Government Liquor Stores
TUl advertisement la not published or displayed by tbo Liquor Control Botrd ox
by tbo Government of British Colombia
Have Your Name on the Civic
Voters' List
'7% HE next municipal elections will be upon us again before we realize
*"^ the fact. Elections are won by the people whose names are on the
voters' list No one should take it for granted that because his or her name
was on the Ust last year that he or she should not register again this year.
The Municipal act calls for a new list every year, and if names pf electors
are not on the new list they cannot vote.
Labor is out to win, ahd it can only succeed when every member does his
or her bit. Therefore, every one should register their names with the city or
municipal clerk.
Anyone owning property is entitled to vote for mayor, aldermen and
money by-laws, PROVIDED ALWAYS HIS OR HER NAME IS ON THE
VOTERS' LIST.
Anyone who is a bona fide tenant of ,a private house or an apartment
house is entitled to vote for mayor and aldermen, PROVIDED ALWAYS
HIS OR HER NAME IS ON THE VOTERS' LIST.
At the present time, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., in the city
of Vancouver,' at the city hall, in the city clerk's office, the new list for the
next election is being revised. Be SURE AND GET YOUR NAME ON
THAT LIST.
Similar conditions apply to South Vancouver, Point Grey, North Vancouver and Burnaby municipalities.
No matter where you reside you should REGISTER YOUR NAMES
NOW, and then you will be in a position to register your protest on election
day.
WM. DUNN,
Secretary Greater Vancouver Central Council of the Canadian Labor Party.

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