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British Columbia Federationist Aug 18, 1922

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades an j Labor Council (International)
hades Council Takes
Stand on Dominion Wide
Supports Alderman Pettipiece in JV Objection te
Aldermen Crone and Seribbins Repn Voting City—
4   Labor Alderman Exposes So-calle-ft\^presen-
tatives of Labor on City Couim,
The part the City Council willfScrlbbens were to i?fcsent the city
day In the coming unemployed
tonference at Ottawa, and who will
epresent the city at that gather-
ng, was the cauae of considerable
llscusslon at the Vanoouver Trades
nd Labor Council meeting on
'uesday night. It ls a long time
Ince the central labor body has
aeen so stirred by any local event
lt was by this question. The
natter was raised by the presentation to the council of the following
That inasmuch as Aid. Woodside,
Icrlbbens and Hoskins, have accor-
llng to press reports, declared
hemselves as representatives of
_abor, the secretary be instructed
o write the city clerk, and the al-
ermen referred to, inviting these
aldermen to attend the next meet-
ng ot the Trades and Labor Coun-
ill, and explain their attitude on the
B, C. Electric Railway agreement
nd other questions of Interest to
he members of organized labor?
The mover' of the resolution
•olnted out, thst the three alder-
len named had taken the stand
hat they were-representatives of
.rganlzed labor, and they should
lve an account o fthelr actions, -
Why Send Scribbcns
Another delegate referred to the
press reports, Which were to the effect   that   Aldermen   Crone   and
Pledge Support to Striking Miners in
U.S.A.   ,
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European . Dlr.  Federated Press)
Frankfort, Germany (by cable)
-i-Moit cordial fraternal greetings
to. American coal miners on atrlke
wir ordered sent by the International Miners Congress, which Is In
session here. The national miner
unions afflliated with the congress
were asked to assess their members
to help relieve their American brothers who have been on strike over
18 weeks without wages, and ln
most cases without strike benefits
from their own unions. Frank
Hodges, general secretary of the
mintra' International, transmitted
the message.
The resolution adopted by the
congress cites the fact that the
strike was caused by the refusal of
the American operators to enter
into conference before the expiration of the old contract March 31,
1(22, though the old contract Itself
carried a clause making such a conference mandatory on both parties.
"The congress sends Its warmest
fraternal greetings and best wishes
tt,the American miners for their
so.-ass In a atruggle fought with
sOt i solidarity," tha resolution declares.
Ten thousand pounds sterling
(144,000) waa recommendede as a
donation for American miner relief, each country represented at
the congress to pay In proportion
to Its membership in local unions.
The sums were requested to be paid
over aa soon as possible as a mark
of the sympathy and solidarity of
the European miners with their
transatlantic brothers.
The resolutions were ordered
transmitted to William Oreen, secretary-treasurer, U. M. W. A.,
through the Federated Press,
Eleven unions with a combined
union miner membership of over
represented at
' 2,000,000 men are
i this congress.
Many New Members Are
Admitted—Press Committee Appointed
1 Local 844, of the Steam * Operating Engineers, Is making satisfactory progress in spite of the fact
that there is a dual organization in
the city. Many old' members are
rejoining, and meetings are being
held every Thursday evelnlng in
room 307—319 Pender Btreet WSst.
On Thursday, August 8, the local
was visited by International President Stitt, who addressed the local
and promised that he would be
back in Vancouver as soon aB possible, to assist in tke organlsatioa
On Thursday, August 10, many
applications for ■ membership were
received, one being from Princeton
and anothor from Nanalmo, which
denotes the growing Interost in organisation, A wage scale has been
drawn up and will be submitted to
the Trades and Labor Council for
A delegute wns elected to the
Friends of Soviet. Russia, and the
local will, on receiving his report of
.that organisations activities, take
such steps as are possible to render
as-lstanco in a-'practical manner.
A p.tf-s committee Was also elected to supply tKe riecesary Information to The Federatlonist, as lo tho
local's activities.
at the unemployed v*-*j^-ence called by the Dominion *V'Vernment,
and asked why Be_3|™ilerman
Bcribbens along witlEMgderman
Crone, as Aid. 8cribbenst_*o_ld only
Say whatever Aid. Crone said; he
also added that it appeared to him
that Aid. Hoskins was being used,
and waa the goat.
Delegate Pettipiece, ln speaking
to the resolution, stated that the
pres reported what did not matter
in City Coupcil affairs, and did not
report those things which count,
and added that Aid. Crone and
Scrlbbens practically recommended
that they should be the delegates to
the unemployment conference, and
that under these conditions, he had
been compelled to take a stand.
Wanted Somo' Action
Referring to the necessity of something being done for the unemployed whtch will be held ln the
city next winter, he stated that the
city had no-money, and had already over-expended the amount
which would provide work, and
that men were being laid off . He
stated that a conference will be
held in Victoria before the Dominion wide conference was held, but
that Aid. Scrlbbens, ln spite of the
fact that he City Council, by a vote
of 5 to 3, had .decided to follow this
course, refused to move tn that direction. He stated that lt appeared
to him, that it Aid. Scrlbbens could
have his own way, there will be
nothing done.
Referring to the Provincial government's attitude, It appeared that
the winning of an election was of
more Importance to the premier and
attorney general than ,the caring for tho unemployed, and
asked that a delegation be sent to
the City Council to lay the views of
the Trades and Labor Council beforo that body. Referring to thc
Idea of the city being represented
by Aid. Crone and Scrlbbens, he
stated that he could stand a lot ot
raw stuff, but that the selection of
these two Individuals, was more
than he could stand, and he-made
the' protest whloh had been reported in the press. He also took the
stand that he unemployment question was a national question, and
should be dealt With as such. Referring to the press reports as to
hts stand in the City Council on
Monday in connection with this
question, he referred to Alderman
Scrlbben's remarks, which were
quoted in the press to the effect
that if Alderman Pettipiece was
sent to Ottawa, he would represent
the city and not labor, and stated
that the press did not report all
that was said on this uestlon-.nfl
that was said on this question,
(Continued on page 4)
n iiWi liiiini m linn	
AT the Trades Congress of Canada convention held last year, Western delegates
voted in favor of Montreal as the convention city for 1922, on the understanding that the
1923 convention would be held'in Vancouver.   ,
While it is true that Vancouver has a fine
climate, and that'British Columbia has many
points of scenic beauty, there are other reasons
why the 1923 convention should be held in the
West, the most important of which is the necessity of bringing the workers together.
For years there has been misunderstanding
between the Eastern and Western workers. The
split in 1919 was due to the fact that the East
did not understand the West and the West did
not understand the East; more than that, the
employing class of this country has used this
misunderstanding for its own purposes.
To be effective, the Canadian labor movement,
must be a unity. It must have no divisions because of the fact that it.covers a vast territory.
Its aims and objects should be the same, no matter where located. Labor cannot act with intel
ligence if it is divided by imaginary and superficial boundary lines, yet it is a fact, that not since
M15; has the Trades Congress of Canada held
ijjs convention in any city west of Winnipeg.
;The labor movement of this country, to be
made effective, must be consolidated. It must
be freed from all nonsense. But this cannot be
accomplished unless the workers of the East
understand the psychology of the Western
Workers, and the workers of the West understand the outlook of the Eastern wage-earners.
■ Scenery and climate will not bring the workers together, but a mutual understanding of the
outlook of the East and West will be of incalculable benefit to the labor movement of this
country, and for this reason we ask the Eastern
and Western workers to line up together, so that
me 1923 convention of the Trades Congress
shall be held in Vancouver, and a further step
^made to bring the working-class movement
iftto line with the conditions which face it, so
that the workers may, by a common understanding, present a united front to the struggle
Which faces them ih these stirring times.
United States Soft Coal
Miners Win Big Victory
In Face of Great Odds
All Powers of State Were Used to Defeat Strikers,
But United Efforts of Miners Prevailed—1921
Rate Is Conceded and Check-off System
WiU Be Continued
The miners of the United Statesfevery form of Intimidation hu been
March in Protest Against
Action of Railroad
Popular Worker Receives
Mark of Appreciation
On Leaving
On Monday evening a very pleasing function was held at 305 Pendor Street Weet, headquarters of
_ho Workera Party of Canada, when
R. (Dick) Schiller vas the guest of
a number of friends prior to his
leaving for Germany. Comrade
Schiller has been prominent in Labor circles on the coast for a number of years, always an active
worker In the working class movement, he will be missed by thofco
who have had the pleasure of working with him.
A member of the local painters
union, and always active in the
political movement, Comrade Schiller has made many ft lends, hin
sterling qualities have made
hlin a valuable asset to the working class movement, and when
Comrade Clark, on behalf of his
tnftny friends, presented'him with a
gold filigree fountain-pen, suitably
engraved, he expressed the sentiments of all those who have had
the pleasure of working with him,
when he stated thftt he had been of
service ta the movement of the
workers, and that he would be missed In local circles.
In replying.to the words of Comrade Clark, Comrade Schiller stated
thar In the working class movement
in Canada he had found a home;
and that .when, war broke out, although ho was one of the 'despised
Huns," he had found his friends iu
the ranks of the workers, who
knew no country and no other interests than those of the class to
which they belonged. A supper wot
served by the ladles and dancing
was Indulged in until midnight,
when the gathering broke up after
singlhg the Red Flag.
Paris.—Tha French Seamen's
Union has voted to call a general
strike on all French vessels If the'
government carries out the recent
decree virtually " abrogating the'
eight-hour law in tho merchant
marine until othor seafaring nations adopt lt. There are many Indications that the government will
not dare come to grips with the
the sailors. The miners' organizations In the north of France art upholding the seamen's union, and
have given notice < that they also
Will declare a general-strike if the
chamber of deputies, touches the
eight-hour day'or \f;\vug;s are decreased' •''... -;i    •'! V • ■■•■'
International Solidarity Is
Is Shown by Rail Workers of Mexico
(By The Federated Press)
Mexico City.—An August 1, along
Mexico City's wi<l. boulevard, s'-
lentty, in a slow, orderly procession
half a mile in length, four and six
abreast, marched 10,000 rail workers of the city. They marched In
silent protest against the U. R. railroad employers who helped to force
the present strike upon thoir comrades of America.
At the front of the procession
several men bore aloft a great
standard of the arm and hammer,
the union symbol. At intervals in
the procession wore borne tons-
white banners with red nnd Mack
lettering: The Cause nt the North
American Railroad "Workers ■ fs
Our Cause; Long Llvg ihe Strike;
Let International Solidarity Bo
Achieved; Robel, Workors of the
World, and Destroy Imperial Capitalism ; Workers of the World,
Waken from Your Letharey; Contemplate -the Immense Block of
United Capital and Think of Yot»r
Sad Future tt You Remain Dead.
On the last banner, ln huge letters,
flared, the words, United We Conquer.
Trades Council Executive
Asks Department Head
Many Questions
Head of Locomotive Engineers Advises Members Not to Work
(By Tho Federated Press)
Cleveland.— 'It you cannot work
in safety, go homo and stay there."
This message telegraphed to locai
officers of tho train service brotherhoods by Warren S. Stone, grand
chief, Locomotive Engineers, and
D. ft. Robertson, head of the Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen,
before their departure for Washington, has resulted in tying up
trains on raods where irresponsible
militia have been put in charge of
railroad yards and terminals, '.ac--
cordlng to reports received here
after the messages had gone out.
The Elgin, Joliet & Eastern, Chicago's outer belt line, wob tied up
ln a knot at Joliet where Illinois
national guardsmen swarmed over
the railroad property following the
killing of a striker and a company
guard and the wounding of the
The Santa Fe, which recently
posted bulletins asking Its gunmen
to be more careful and polite, has
been similarly roped at the division
pointM, where soldiers have been
given the Job of promoting transportation ..with bayonets.
It Is believed that tho action of
the Santa Fo was taken as a
demonstration of strength to lend
"moral force" to the demands of
the 16 standard railway unions that
met in Washington recently. What
has happened on the Santa Fe Is a
•ample of what can be done on
other roads where soldiers make
railroading a hazardous occupation
for tho crafts not called out on
Eight-hour Day Suggested as Alleviating
As intimated in last week's issue
of The Federationist, Labor representatives waited on the Hon. Jas.
Murdock minister of Labor and expressed their views as to the Labor
situation on the .oust. This interview was held on Thursday evening,
too late for a report to appoar in
The Federationist.
As usual, the representative of
tbo government faced his questioners with a question. He asked,
have you anything constructive to
offer? lt is the usual way for a
representative of a government, be
it Conservative or Liberal, to answer a question by asking nnother,
therefore the representatives ofthe
Vancouver Trades Council weie not
taken by surprise, and the minister
of Labor was asked nnother question, which was "Is not the mismanagement of industry largely responsible for the unemployment
prevailing?" Still another question followed, and the representative of the department ot j-i bor
was aaked: "Why should the municipalities be asked to bear the cost
of the mismanagement of industry?"
To tho flrst question, tho hon.
minister of Labor replied In the
affirmative, and to the latter question he conceded It would .not be
right to do so.
Ue was then asked, would you
think lt right for tho cities to be
asked to keep in repair the equipment of a lumber camp when that
Industry was closed down? Ho replied that he did not think so, and
when the workers were likened to
the machinery of production in a
logging camp, he conceded thnt the
men who were unemployed through
the closing down of an industry
should bc cured for by that industry. The minister of Labor was
also asked if he did not think tynt
the unemployed should be tak\n
care of by a direct tnx on industry,
and that where seasonable occupations were concerned, where tho
employers did not keep a permanent staff, the tax should be higher
so that the workers could bo provided for. So far as could be gathered by the delegation, the minister
of Labor was not. inclined to deny
this viewpoint.
The conference which Is to be
held on unemployment, wos next
referred to by the ministor of Labor, and was asked anothor question, which was to the effect: "Do
you not think that in view of the
situation, the general application
of the eight-hour day would relieve
the situation?" The lumber Industry was cited aB an example, where
the men are working in many cases
ten hours per day for wages which
have beon less than those which
were paid for eight In days gone by.
The minister was also askod lf he
did not agree with the view that
there was not enough work to go
round. Ho admlted this, but offered no solution to the problem.
Dealing with unemployment Insurance, the representative of the
government ln chargo of the department of Labor, intimated that
this was a matter for provincial
consideration; ln other words, the
same old game of passing tho buck
was Indulged In, just In the same
way that lt has been on the eight-
hour question.
The delegation representing tht
Tradea Council who waited oi
Discusses   Compensation
^ Act and Mothers'
j    !   Pensions
Member for Skeena  Is
Asked a Number of
^     Questions
At the Inst meeting of the Prince
Rupert Traces and Labor Council,
the Compansation and Mothers'
Pension Acts were under discussion,
and some dissatisfaction expressed
against some of the decisions of the
board. A Bpeclal committee consisting of George Casey, J. J. Oillls
and T, Ross McKay was appointed
to Investigate and look after cftm-
ponsatlon cases and claims for
mothers' pensions.
The council is planning a monster Labor. Day celebration, and
Purkfer Williams has been usked to
speak on thut occasion.
. .Fr.ed Stork, M. P. for the f'keeun
constituency, addressed the council with respect to the doings at Ottawa^ After his address, the mem-
beY for Skeena was asked and -answered the following questions;
•1. Why did the government refuse, to submit a national policy In
dealing .with the unemployment
question. .
AJi swor. The government Is still
co|b doring the question and a con-
fcroj ce Is to be held. No practical
solii Ions Had been advanced yet by
th*' Dominion government on ac-
coUr i of the shortage of money.
z,f Why did the government oppose the Wo-tilsworth resolution restoring the Royal Northwest Mounted. Police to their original terrlto-
ihil jurisdiction7
The whole quertlon Is now under
taylew and eht-nges. wilt be made.
Tlie Graham ohtimate for military
mid naval  purprj-es were  reduced
,S. ; Why did tbe govornmont oppose the McMaster resolution debarring corporation directors from
acting as ministers of the erown?
.-Absolute consistency might htt\o
worked great disaster nlong somo
othet line so lhe lesser of two evils
was phosen. Mr. Stork gave an account of the debato In the Houeo
on tfte question.
4. i Ip.what particular does the
revised tariff shirt thc burden of
taxation from tho poor to the rich?
iA' (slight reduction in tho tariff
h*4 been made- but thc tack of a
clOQ> majority had forced tho government to do things lhat wero not
entirely to Its liking. This conditio* hat also prevented the Liberal
p_gkgrarmiie from being carried out
In full.', Thc guestlon was much invoiced."
jS    Primo Rupert Drydock
■ i, ' Why has a part of the Prince
Rlipert -dry dock plant not heen
converted Into a car repair shop
and cnr building plant for the Canadian National Railway system.
I' this matter was one for the new
ranWay" management to doal with.
Mr. ptork stated that anything he
could do towards having the suggestion carried out would be done.
■t.>. Why did the government do-
feat'the Asiatic exclusion reHolu-
Even tho United States hod refrained from using the words "total
exclusion." "Effective restriction"
had been used, this boing merely a
malar of diplomatic courtesy. Hon.
(Continued on Pago S)
minister of Labor, consisted of P.
Bengough, secretary of the council,
who; made the arrangements for
tha Interview; R. H, Nelands, M.
L. A.( preaident of the Council; A.
Fraser, of the Boilermakers, and B,
~ iowlof
Heavily Armed Men Deport Labor Man
From Denver
State  Police   Confiscate
Baggage and Reference Works
Omaha—Pull extent of the lawless kidnapping of William Z. Foster from Denver by Colorado State
polico not In uniform, and of hla
deportation to Wyoming was revealed on his arrival here to fill a
belated lecture engagement ob secretary of the Trade„_UnIon Educational League.
Foster indignantly denied the
press yarns woven around his Illegal removal from Colorado. He did
not come to Denver In disguise, despite the assertion of Pat Hamrock,
adjutant general of the Colorado
Rangers, -that his was the case.
Foster arrived openly to be the
principal speakers at a widely advertised public meeting, and registered under his owa name at tho
Oxford hotel.
Soon ufter registering there heavily armed rangers In plain clothes
entered and forced him to accompany them to the street to a waiting automobile. Under direct Instructions of Hamrock, the Ludlow
butcher, the auto was headed for
Brighton, 20 miles distant. Tho
rangers had no warrants. At Brighton, Foster was Illegally hold over
(Continued on page S)
Trades Council Committee Has Arrangements
Well in Hand
Tho Labor Day committee of th«
Vancouver Trados Council Is leaving nothing undono to mako tho
picnic und celebration at Mahon
Park, North Vancouver, on Lnbor
Dny, a red letter duy ln the history
of the Labor movement in Vancouver.
In addition to the sports which
will be the feature of the day, there
will be dancing In the pavilion and
In the Armory, which has boen secured for tho day. Tho Union La-
bet committee haa been entrusted
with making the arrangements for
the dancing, and will socure a
union orchestra.
In addition to the races and other
sporting events arranged for tho
members of organized labor, thero
will bo a lacrosso match between
two Indian teams, the teams being
selected from the Squamlsh and
Capilano Indians.
The City Council of North Vancouver has decided to provide the
lumber for the completion of thc
fence around Mahon Park, providing the council will see thnt the
men are provided to do tho work
with no coBt to tho city. It Is ex-
pected that the local carpenters
union will do this work without
Many valunblo prizes for tho
sports have been secured, and all
that Is now necessary to make the
dny a success-Is flne wenther, and
the hearty co-operntlon of the
members of the different unions.
Tickets are now on snle; adults,
f»0   cfnts  and   children   25   cents.
have won a great victory. After
one of the bitterest struggles in the
history ot ooal mining on the American continent the operators have
backed up and signed an agreement
with the bituminous coal minera,
whloh grants them tho 1921 scale
and the cheek-off.
President Lewis, In a statement
to the press, Btated:
The settlement provides that the
miners shall be returned to work
at (the same scale of wages that
were In effect when they went out
on strike; the new contract Is to
continue ln force until noxt April
1; the agreement also provides for
appointment of An advisory factfinding commission, a part of Its
duties to consider future settlements of disputes in the coat Industry.
The aettlement camo after a week
spent In marking time here by operators and miners. Operators
controlling production of 10,000,-
000 tons annually are oommttted to
adoption of the agreement In principle"
To Speed Up
The operators' ln the meeting
have mines in Ohio, West Virginia,
Pennsylvania, Indiana, Illinois and
Michigan. Orders went forth from
these oporators to get ready to
speed up coal production. Miners,
too, wero confident that an eurly
resumption of work at scattered
mines would result ln other operators hurrying their acceptance of
the agreement.
The miners' committee sat for
hours. Thero was a. sharp division
but late In the afternoon they
agreed to r cept.
The conference petwecn anthracite operators and union mine lenders scheduled lo have been held
Wednesday, was postponed until 2
o'clock ThuWuuy afternoon. "Unavoidable circumstances" wus given
as the reason for postponement.
Remarkable Victory
The victory of tho miners Is remarkable In view of the fact that
WUl Hold Smoker
. Tha Milk Salesmen and Dairy
Employees will bold a smoker and
get-together on Friday, Augst 25.
nt 319 Ponder Street West. The
executive of the Trades and Labor
Council has been extended an invitation to this social function.
Local Strike Items
The Great Northern Railway Is
finding It hard to get men who are
capable to work In tha local shops.
During the week a machinist and
his helper were flred because they
could not deliver the goods. Three
car repairers quit during the week,
when they found that they were
acting as strike-breakers.
used by the employers against the
men. Thugs and gunmen have
played their pftrt, while the courts
have Issued Injunctions galore, and
State mllltla has also been employed by tha ruling class to bring
the miners to their-knees, but they.
stood solid, and with messages of
cheer from all lands, have fought a '
winning' flght, and will return to \
work knowing that their suffering
and want has not been In vain, but
that they have resisted effectively
the encroachments of capital.  -
The miners of Illinois are still on
strike, the men taking the position
that until the operators recede
from their Arbitration basis settlement, and accept tne simitar terms
to those agreed to at Cleveland,
they will not return to work.
Tokio—Because a Russian woman alleged she had a millionaire
friend ln Yokohama, she was allowed to, land In Japan without the
customary deposit of $1250 asked
of all Russians landing here. TKe
woman with two children is on her
way to join her husband in Harbin,
and when she attempted to,laid in
Yokohama In order to ship' for
Korea, sho was asked to deposit
the sum. The Japanese .govornment previously asked for $2500
from all Russians as a security
against Bolshevist propaganda, but
have lately reduced It.
Strike of Fishermen ai
Bella Coola Shows Cannery Methods
A litle light has bcen thru-an on
the fishing and canning Industry of
this province by a strike which took
Place recently n- lielln Coola, when
52 men quit work si-oner than uc-
cept the prices niTer.ul fu tin. HaY
Which they cnugbi; Incidentally, 'ho
waste of foodstuffs was emphasised
when it was pointed out bi* one of
the strikers to n Federal I on_»L ie-
prescntnttve that he threw back
Into the sea some 800 humpback
Milium because tho canneries would
not accept thein, owing to the fact
that It took 17 humpback! to make
a case, while it only takes threo dog
salmon to fill tbe Hame number of
The trouble arose oper the price
which the canneries were willing to
pay for tho flsh caught. The men
demanded three and a half cents
per flsh, while the canneries would
only pay 2\_ cents. The price of a
case of salmon, wholesale. Is $9,
and tho men considered thnt Ihe
price thoy demanded wns the lowest they could accept and mnko a
living. After the sockeye season
was over, the canneries offered tho
men 2 % cents per llsh for dog und
humpback salmon, This the men
refused to accept, and falling to
have their demands met. they quit.
White there Is no union to take
caro of the flshennen, Hie fact that
they struck, shows that lhe prices
offered to thein for the flsh was so
low that they could not powdbly
make ■• living under the terms offered. Residents of Vancouver and
other British Columbia points will
no doubt wonder why they pay the
prices thoy do for tinned salmon
and fresh llsh, when they realize
that some fifty or more men quit
sooner than catch flsh for 2% centa
per flsh, and only have certain kinds
of fish accepted, nnd have lo throw
good food bnck Into tbe sea, be-
auso thore in no market for it, although the peoplu are needing ll,
and wages are so low tlmt they
cannot obtain but the barest necessities.
Thene tickets cover alt trannportn-
tlon from tho city cither on street
cars or the ferries.
Dancing In the Armory will he
Indulged In from 7;:i'i to 11:30 p.m.
A feature will be a prize waltz for
the championship of B. C. This
Willi*, will commence at 9 p.in*
Friends of Soviet Russia
Are Aided by
s Knockers
(By The Federated Presa)
New York.—The attacks by the
Jewlah Dally Forward of this city,
and of Ur editor, Abraham Cahan,
upon t:.o conduct of the famine relief Anaut-er. of the Friends of Bo-'
viet Russia, says a statement by the
■Friends of Soviet Russia, 201 W.
13th Htreot, have had the Immediate offect of bringing larger
euros tlmn before to the organization's f mine relief fund.
Lnbor organizations, It Is declare, aro protesting agninst tho
Forward's attempts to hamper tho
relief work of the Friends of Soviet
At the time of the Hoover attack, saya the statoment, the attention of the working men and
women of the oountry was called
to the relief work, -and they sent
in their contributions as a protect
against the vile nssnuRs that were
being made on working class famine relief organizations in this
country.-' The latest editorial In
tbe Forward questioning the Integrity of these famine relief activities lauds Hoover. The Friends
of Soviet Russia are sending copies
of the article to labor and working-
class papers.
TUs editorial, published on .
Aug. 5, says that the support, both
open and secret, of the Wilson and
Harding administrations to , the
coun ter-revolution In Russia, although It "contributed In no email
measure to tho present conditions
*n Ruf-sia," e*n be forgotten be-
< i'.ute of tho present relief o/.tivi-
'ii-n of tho American Government
Strike for Retention of
1921 Wage Scale-12,000
Men Affected
Novo Scotia miners quit work on
Monday night, nnd withdrew nil
men, Including pumpmen, after
they had repudiated the action ol
the executive. Somo 12,000 mcr
are affected,
On Tuesday tho tie-up was complete, nnd the strike admitted tn b«
100 per cent,
On Wednesdny the Minister of
Labor wired tn President Lewis of
the United Mlno Workers, askinn
him to wire thc officers of the district to afford protection of the
mines, President Lewis wired the
officers, urging protection for the
mines, but he nl*n hnve not return- J
ed to work in any *-&&,
President Baxter, who opposed
the policy of Secretary McLoughlln,
was defeated in the recent election
of officers for the district, which indicates that tbe miners are prepared to fight for the 1921 scale, and
will use all efforts lo win out in
their fight with the British Empire
Steel Corporation and other large
Carp*" »l «'•■'-• Help
Local 452 of thc l.tnllcd Brotherhood of Carpenters nnd Joiners,,
voted $50 to the striking shop employees of the Groat Northern Vancouver shops on Monday night. A
collection wus also tnken up ahd a
further sum realized for the' suiters,
Pnirnnlxe   Fed   A lvertlxt-rs. 'PAGETWO
* " ' * "J      -■"■■.      r   ■' '    ■——    it     ■■-.       -ii- mm        i — ..    ,_...,, —**"?■ "■     ■      ."ii  -
..Augiut 11, 1H1
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FRIDAY „....., ....^August 1.8, 1.92-
A Capitalistic Viewpoint on the
Real Criminal
r. is customary yr]t*n you wish to kuow any-
. thing about any particular subject, to go to
«n expert, a man who is trained and knows
Whereof he speaks, and when it comes to speaking of crime, Sir Basil Thompson, who was tho
head of thc British, criminal investigation department at Scotland Yard for a period of
eight or more years, should know what he is
talking about. It might also be pointed out
that Sir Basil had previous experience with
criminals as thc head of the Dartmoor prison,
and in a local newspaper this "expert" has
given some of his views on crime, the most
striking of which should cause every worker to
think, and think seriously.
Sir Basil says;
j    "When you read of the crime fc the
1 magazines or thc detective novels it is
is nearly always murder.  You have to be
in charge of a prison in order to realizo
that thc murderer is rarely a criminal by
nature at all. But for thc grace of God he
is just you and I, only more unlucky. For
the real criminal you have to go to the
crimes Against property. Most murders are
committed without  any deep-laid plot,
wherjiwt^e professional thief or forger or
fraiji^)(i_l);i-8_efully planned his depreda-
tions'Bcfore he sets out to commit them.
The murderer is repentant and is planning
only how he can earn an honest living after
he is discharged; the others are thinking
out schemes for fresh adventures."
'  The average man considers murder   the
most serious of crimes, but here we have an
expert stating that crimes against property are
the real crimes) that you or any other man may
be a murdered, but the real criminal is the nian
who commits a crime against property.   This
viewpoint, the viewpoint of a man who was
appointed by thc ruling class of Oreat Britain
to deal with crime, evidently understood what
his job was; it was to protect private property,
to conserve the concept that private property
is sacred.
* *      *
The present system of society is based on
private property in thc means of wealth production; it gives to a ruling class a living without work, nay, it gives luxury and all that
makes life worth living, while at the same time
• it debauches thc ruling class and gives to the
workers an ever-increasing measure of misery
and degradation.
* *      *
The present industrial situation on the
American continent bears out that the real
crimes under capitalism arc the crimes com--
mlttcd against property. Crimes which are
visualized in the minds of the members of the
ruling elass when workers strike, when they
refuse to lower their standard of living, in this
there is evidenced again the ruling class concept that human life is less sacred than property. But our masters have peculiar ideas as
to thc laws of the land, for let it not bc forgotten that Sir Basil thinks that murder is a
lesser crime and that crimes against property
are the real crimes, and wc may then get a
line-up on thc psychology of the employers
when they evade thc laws which they had
enacted to secure thcir property, because of
the fact that by complying with those laws lhe
workers might secure an advantage and hurt
private property; in other words might interfere with profits. Such is the capitalistic con-
«ept of crime. It is a greater crime to cripple
an industry than it is to murder men1, women
and children, as has been done in the United
States and this country by the gunmen and
thugs which the employers always have at their
call 1o break a strike against a lower standard
of living. Slow starvation, misery and death
for thc workers are nothing when thc profits
of the master class arc concerned. The workers might well recognize these facts, and by
bringing about a change which will alter thc
ethical and moral code of the lawless and
brutal system of capitalism to the ethics and
morals of a system when human life would be
more sacred than all thc private property thnt
ever existed.
City Hall Employees and the
Efficiency Programme
PRESS reports indicate that the special committee appointed by the City Council some
time ago, to go into the eMiiieiwy of the City
Hall departments, will bring in recommendations whieh will include longer working hours
for the City Hall staff. This of course is the
usual method for practising economy, which is
SO dear to the hearts of the employers. Speed
up, cut down wages, and lengthen thc hours
of labor, are tho slogans for a return to normalcy the world,over.
* *      *
Thc employing class believes in efficiency; it
puts it into effect. Organization is the keynote in the ranks of the employing class in
these days when wo are returning to
"normalcy," yet the workers are dilatory and
slipshod in their methods nnd cithcV cannot
«r will not sec thc necessity of perfecting their
• *      *
'A striking instance of this assaninc stupidity
hart bcen shown recently by the Vancouver City
Hall employees. They are faced with changes
whicli mny moan longer hours nud possibly
lower wages, but they have refused to join
with lhe other organized workera in thc city,
through tho medium of the Trades and Labor
Council, and by so doing gain strength and
nisiRt. In building   ud   a renl   workinir.clnss
movement which would be effective in resisting
any increases in the hours of labor.
* * *
There was a time when those persons who
were engaged in clerical work were more or
less, assured of a job and steady remunerative
wages, but those days are gone. The capitalistic system made education more and more necessary aiid the development of machinery did
not stop-in the production of machines for producing commodities, but was extended to thc
office and the places where learning above the
average was necessary, and today We find that
the market for clerical workers is overstocked,
and the white-collared brigade is faced with
unemployment and all the evils whioh the industrial worker must suffer under iu the present, system. The moral of this should be
easily seen by the clerical and other employees
at the City Hall; they havo everything to gain
by affiliating with the Trades and Labor Council and linking up with the labor movement,
but will never get anywhere while they remain
aloof from the working-class movement., To
orr is'human, but it is never too late to rectify
a mistake, and the City Hall employees will be
well advised if they reconsidor their decision.
Brains and the Protection of
Private Property
THE eoal miners of Nova Sootia have gone on
strike. In fact they made a good, job of it,
none of them staying at work, not even to man
tho pumps. Realizing that the boss owned the
job, and that the terms which were offered to
them for thcir labor power were such as would
not supply them with the necessities of life,
they left the job where it belonged, and that is
in the hands of^the men who hold thc title
deeds to it.
* *      »
But immediately the men left the job, there
was a howl of rage. The press carried scare
headlines, picturing the destruction of property which would follow if the miners would
not take care of the mines. Appeals were sent
to thc bead of the miners' organization asking
him to come to the aid of the property owners
and help save the mines by sending some men
back to work.
* *      *
Wc have been told by the press, pulpit and
politicians, that wealth came to those who
worked hard and had brains. But it would
appear that thc coal operators have not tho
ability to even take eare of their property;
that thoy cannot man the pumps and keep the
mines free from water. This would appear to
be passing strange if wc did not realize that
it is thc workers who create all wealth; that
thc machines of wealth-production would bo
so much junk if it were not for the faelj that
workers arc available to operate them and
produce profits for those who own them.
We woilld, however, ask why should the
miners be compelled to save that which does
not belong to them.: Why should men who are
denied a living wage be expected to take eare
of thc property of those who exploit them.
When nicn strike, there is bound to be a deterioration of property, as witness thc condition whieh the rolling stock of.thc railroads
iu the United States is in as a result of thc
strike of shopmen. Thc workers arc not available and tho result is chaos. The workers
know how to do things. They are capable and
have sufficient brains to keep thcir masters'
property in order, but as yet they havo not
learned how to take care of their own interests. In the meantime, however, we would suggest that those people who are supposed to
have brains should cease squealing because
they are unablo to Uke care of thcir own"
While politicians of the Liberal stripe aro
trying to throw out a smoke screen to cover
up the defeat of the government candidate in
thc Cranbrook election,' the Conservatives are
making capital out of their victory, but we
wonder where the workers get off in this
affair. In fact wc might say that we know,
but then we would never give the fact away
that no matter which side won, the workers
The following news item will no doubt throw
a great white light on thc mental outlook of a
cabinet minister who has "risen" from the
ranks of labor:
"Ottawa.—James Murdock, federal minister of labor, has just purchased a home in
Ottawa at a reported cost of $20,000. It
is said to be onc of the best constructed
homes in the city."
Thc Canadian Bailroad workers have won
their first victory. Thc railroad corporations,
while protesting, havo boon compelled to live
up to the laws of thc land, not because they
wanted to, but because their evasion of thc
laws would have prejudiced tlieir case. But
while the cut in wages is not to becomo operative, thc situation demands the closest unity
on the part of the railroad workers, for the
employers are not yet defeated, and they may
yet violate their own laws in order to enhance
their profits.
Vancouver has beeu invaded by mon learned
in the law. They have done much talking, but
thc following gem struck us as being the height
of imagination. The. Bt. Hon. Lord Shaw is reported as stating, "The principles of law are
not national; they arc universal." Wc had
imagined that there were laws which differed
in principle; in fact many workers have the
opinion that laws when applied to those who
aro responsible for their enactment, aro much
different in principle than when they nre applied to common or garden people like miners
or any other brand of workers.
Lato news dispatches on Thursday indicated
that the government had sent troops to tho
Nova Scotia coal fields, where the miners aro
on strike against a reduction in wages. Naturally thc troops are sent to protect private property, but we would ask the workers of this
country how it is that troops are not sent to
the strike areas to compel tho employers to
pay a living wage so thut human life can be
conserved. There is a reason, and if the workers understood it, they would not act in the
capacity of scab herders in uniform, for, after
all, thc master cluss has to depend on members of the working class to protect its prop-
fl'lv nnd fitrht. its wn.-
Remarkable Speech Delivered Before A. P. of
L. Convention .
Past Revolutions Reviewed and Hypocrisy of Opponents Exposed
(By Arthur Koep] .
Mr. Keop was a delegate to the
Cincinnati convention ot the American Fedoration of Labor, from
the Journeymen Tallore Union.
In the debate on a resolution for
recognition of Rusaia, he made
an argument seldom heard. This
article* is the text of his address,
published herewith because of the
valuable facts lt contains, as well
as because of the forceful manner of their presentation.
JN THB REMARKS that 1 Intond
1 to make, let it be understood
that I am not discussing this matter, from the standpoint of the Intellectual. I have met the Intellectual on his native heath, and my
opinion of him and his Is not flattering. I wish to Qod that kind of
people would go away from the
Labor movement and leave it alone.
I am aware that on such questions as are now up for discussion,
such as recognition of the Russian
Soviet government, there are those
who have no more use for that
government than has the Soviet of
Wall Street. But, seeking notoriety
they pose as friends of the Russian
people In their attempt to establish
a form of government spuited to
them. I am in no way connected
with or desirous of being considered one of those.
At this time I want to take exception to the statemnts being
made by chambers of commerce,
Con and Rotter and Kiyl clubs, io
the effect that it is only by the use
of Russian gold thnt opinions are
created in this country. Is ft to be
said that we Americans have fallen
so low, and are so Intellectually
contemptible that we are incapable
of arriving at judgments upon the
Russian situation'except in So far
as those judgments are occasioned'!
by the jingle of Russian gold?
(state Facts
In discussing' this matter I in*
tend to state a number of facts,
plain facts, which oijly an lnyjudenj
fool would attempt to deny.. [There,,]
ls not a governmont In civilization.
today, tho form of which wpp-no*
conceived In nnd born out oi'-a revolution, our own included. None
of those revolutions were jn any
sense tea partlea It is remarkable
to me-that we, living under a- form
of governmont conceived in and
born out of a revolution, and a
bloody revolution at that, should.-]
now be unablo to recognize revolutionists in other lands. It Is remarkable-that we havo become* so
nice, so pretty, and so clean as to
bo incapable of desiring to do business with, or carry on affairs with,
revolutionists of today. Where
does this Idea come from that a
revolution is a sort of dance during whieh If one man bumps into
another, he Immediately turns
around and says to the other, "Excuse me, I didn't mean it?"
In the Astor library nl Xew York
there Is a collection (it • Ir ilars Issuod by the Tories of itui Colonies
during our revolutionary period,
thousands In number, and Judge
O'Brien of that state, has another
collection. Take aar ot thos*
[broadside* or circular* Issuo* by th» j
{Tories at that time. Strlk* o4t thtt
'tnaraoa ot Washington, Hancock,
Jefferson, Madison, Henry Paine,
for some other revolutionary father,
and insert therein tha names of
[-Lonin and Trotsky, and those circulars, word for word, are identical
with the staements now being mad*
[against the Russian revolutionists.
JDcnlod Froe Speech
During our revolution, Tories
were deprived of the right to free
speech, free assembly, or free press,
they were driven from their lands
[and homes, jailed and terrorised.
Every time one of them, or a band
of them, escaped the Colonies and
landed in England they Immediate
ly proceeded to Issue broadsides
denouncing the revolutionists as a
mere handful of assassins, murder
ers, robbers, thieves and scoundrels of the darkest and deepest
hue. They also accused the colonist*, or the revolutionists in the
Colonies, of being in favor of and
actually Indulging ln the communi-
zation of women. They declared
that the marriage relation was abolished, that he .Idea of Qod was destroyed, and that In general our revolutionary anceston were a set of
wild-eyed anarchists bent on de
straying civilisation and killing all
tho good peoplo of the Colonies.
On one occasion, a Tory general,
escaping death by the skin of hla
teeth, left th^ Colonies and arrived
In England. He Issued the usual
broadside denouncing, In the terms
noted, the revolution. So great was
his influence that a commission
of the House of Lords was appointed to investigate and take his test!
mony regarding the conditions existing In the Colonies. During the
course of that hearing, the Tory
general referred to told the usual
story of the revolutionists being a
band of murderers, anarchists and
destroyers of religion, a mere hand
ful terorizlng the great majority of
the de fmt people of the Colonies.
He decried, them as intimidating,
killing, outlawing and outraging
the men, women and children who
did not support them in their ne
farious work against the King of
A Sorry Majority
One of the noble lords took oc
casion to ask him to repeat the
statemont that it was a mere hand
ful of malcontents, scoundrels,
thugs and murderers who were intimidating all the other peoplo of
the Colonfu _ overawing them and
compelling* jbodience to their dictates? The senerad did so. Whereupon V\a noble lord said: "Tou say
these aro facts, that lt Is a more
handful o* malcontents that is doing al lthis outrage, and so forth,
that thc majority are compelled to
submit to—well, all I havo to say
is that's a sorry majority." '*
Revolutions are a combination of
death and birth—the simultaneous
death of the old and the birth of
the new. There is no death witj^
>ut some agony, and no birth with*
>ut the shedding of blood and a lot
if crying. Russia, aB did we, ls
now slowly recovering from that
;lme of travail. All men of sense
Know that to be so. There is order
ind system in this world—the or-
Jcr of causo and effect—and the
Russian revolution is the effect produced by a cause.
I have listened to 'ho presentation of figures regarding the number of poople killed In Russia during this revolution, and I ask you
to wait, we are too near the event
to judge of lt. We aro listening
to those who, like the Tories in our
rovolution, have been driven from
their properties and their homes,
and who are, as wore those Tories,
very prone to exaggerate.
Tlio Fi'imch Revolution
I call your attention to the fact
that during tho reign of terror In
the French revolution, that revolution being analogous to the present
Russian revolution, wild-eyed stories were told of the t'emendous
numbf r of people who wore killed.
Vet Carlyle In his history of the
but this will advise you that
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French revolution shows conclusively that during the many month*
and years of* that reign of terror,
as It existed during the French involution, not more than 20,000 people were executed, while during the
thre* yeara preceding the French
revolution over 3,000,000 French
men women and children were brutally killed, gibbeted, hung, outraged to death, starved to death, and
abused to death by the aristocrats
Who then controlled France.
I can see on a Sunday ln 1906,
13,000 people on their.kneea, before
a church, In St. Petersburg, asking
for relief from their conditions at
the hands of the Csar, And, tho
machine guns nre turned on those
people as they kneel, and the
square in front of the church becomes ti bloody, stinking shambles.
I know, and you know, the history
of those Russian people, the millions who have been murdered, the
millions who have been sent to ex-
le, whipped, knouted and indescribably abused by tho aristocrats and
the Csar who controlled Russia.
And knowing all that, we are
supposed to listen to this talk about
how bad they are, and how Wrong
they are, and how vicious they are,
because now, having gone .Into revolution and got the other fellow
down, they proceed to kick hfs head
off. Where do we get thia notion
that people who have been abused,
outraged, murdered en masae, and
terrorised for ftges are supposed to
bo such nice, clei.n, pretty gentlemen themselves, when they, unable
to suffer longer the Indignities and
outrages they are subjected to revolt? ,
Basel* Not Only Place
Russia Js not the only place or
organization said to bo run for nnd
dominated by a few, and If they
have the guts to put it over and get
away with ft, I hand it to them.
Take the "Mother of governments," England. The form of
government now existing in that
country was conceived ln and born
out of the Cromwellian revolution,
and surely that' was no peaceable
noonday lunch. That government
was further established when later
on they kicked out James the Second In another bloody upheaval.
Listen to the Stuart* and the royalists of those and later days aa they
tell the story of the revolution in
England, and to believe them you
would think that the revolutionists
of those days ate a royalist for
breakfast, bit off the ear of another
royalist for dinner, and gouged out
tho eyes of another for supper. Always around revolutions and-going
with them are these stories of awful terrorism, tyranny and abuse.
They went with our revolution.
The same abusive, lying, denunciations of our revolutionary fathers
were uttered as are now being uttered against the revolutionists in
Russia, The charges were Identical in words—with the exception
that they did not have the word
"Bolshevist" to use at that time,
but they were free In the use of the
word "Anarchist." Do not be deceived that in other respects our
revolutionary fathers were not accused of crime and treated in Identically the same manner as are the
Russian revolutionists of today.
Repudiates Debt*
Upon tho establishment of our
form of government, Thomas Jefferson was sent as commercial representative to Europe. See him
going around among diplomats and
business men of England nnd other
countries, hear them telling htm
that the debts placed upon the
Colonies by Tory legislators, claiming to be representative of the people, must be paid before commercial treaties would be made. See
Jefferson utterly refusing tn con-
alder the puyment of those debts,
willing to pay all real claims
against the United States governmont, but repudiating absolutely
all the debts incurred by legislators
serving under the King.   And, let
me tell yoo now that this nation repudiated those debts and has never
paid them.
Then dot* thl*, that there wero
changes in property rights made
by our forefathers as the result of
the revolution, tiow many revolutionary soldiors were there whb
were given lands taken from thtt
Tories? How mony Tories were
there who lost all right to their
property, in houses, lands, factories
ahd other forms, and saw iuch property handed out to revolutionists?
Knowing all these facts, then see
tbat this Soviet of Wall Street, that
now runs tho United States, -and
those who*' mimic tlieir utterances
and words, denounce the Russian
revolutionists in the same words,
and for the'same-reasons, that our
revolutionary forefathers were denounced in and for.
Now, till these countries, including ours; born out of a revolution,
have grown fat and wealthy, salnt-
ed and sacrosanct, and top nice and
good to deal with revolutionists.
Sick of Arguments
Call lt sentiment if'you will, call
It what you please, but I as an American am sick and tired of the arguments, so called, being put forth
by this Soviet of millionaires called
the cabinet, at Washington, Mr.
Hoover and the other foreigners,
concerning what I shall believe and
what I shall-not believe about the
Russian revolution. As a plain
American with a knowledge of the
history of ray country, with a knowledge of the history of the world, 1
am sick and tired Of thts betrayal
of real Americanism by those in
high places, and those who ape
them. As I stated at the beginning,
I despise the so-called Intellectuals.
I am not affected by their propaganda at all.
I am perhaps more fortunate, or
unfortunate, than the majority of
you in that I have been a delegate
to an international congress at
which there were 800 of these Intellectuals present. And I am of
the opinion that a little Russian revolutionizing on them would do no
harm. They always put me In mind
of Dan Daly in the play of "The
Belle of New York." Every tin^e
he came on the stage with his handful of Salvation Army lasses In his
attempt to reform the city of New
York, he would sing the little ditty,
"Of course, you can never be like
us, but be as like us as you are able
to be." It is a hopeless thing trying to be an Intellectual, or like
one of them, and In that respect I
am not swayed by anything they
may say. But as a plain American,
believing In the right of any people
to have a government to suit themselves, nnd caring nothing for
abuse of the kind of government
Russia now has, I favor the recognition of the Soviet government of
Russia.—New Majority.
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ordering its strike guards to show
better manners. The signs state
that the guards have been gambling, drinking, flourishing guns and
making night hideous with their
noise. The guards are told to "act
like gentlemen." Complaints had
been made by local engineers and
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grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
British Columbia Federationist DAT.,,.,__Z_l'SftfU*-_ is. mi
fourteenth year. no. «s BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, a c
Did job ever really investigate
the marvel of Expression     	
". 'I have samples at my office that wiU
be a revelation to you.
Come in and let me show yon these examples
of my own work—mado in my own laboratory
•—by means of wliich I hpvc replaced defective
or missing teeth perfectly. Expression teeth as
1 mako them, adjust them, not only exactly.
. match the natural teeth, but give practically
the; ssime comfort in use.
I specialize- in Expression Work ahd
.charge no more than does any dentist
for ordinary dental plates.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Haitingi Stmt Wert
* Bftuk of Nov* Scotia Baildlaf
Phone Ser. MM
No need to ton
pain -when you
; come to me—I
I uae "nerve blocking" and othor
selenitic methods
In all cases liable
to *catn» pain.  ■
J>11- BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of ths Family of tb*
College of Dentiitry, University of Southorn California Lecturor .ua
Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in l'lttawwk and Operatlt*
DentUtry, Local and Oenaral Anatitbeaia.
Vancouver Unions
\ CouncU—Preeldent, IL H. KtelandN
I.L.A.; general aeerelarr, Percy R. Bea*
Ujfh. Office: 808, 81* Pender Bt. W.
tw* Bey. 7495. Meeta In Labor Hall at
p.m. on tbe first and tblrd Tueidaya
. ell—Meets second Monday ln tbe
Lrum-h. Pmldent, J. R. Wblte; lecro-
ry, R. II. Nwlanda, P. O. Box "
, Bollermakert, Ivan Shipbuilders and
Helpere of Amttrica, Loeal 104—'Meetluga
Bnt and third Mondaya ltt each montk.
President, P. WillU; aeoretary, A. Fraaer.
Dice: Room 908—818 Pender Bt. W.
plee hoJni. a.tflL.tl ».m- and 8 to 5 p.m.
fteed brlcklayui « nuaon* lor boiler
orlp,   ete.,   or   marblo  letters,   pbone
.yen'  Union, Labor Temple,
penters nnd Joiners, Loeal 43a—President, Wm. Dunn; recording secretary,
pet. Snell; bnaineai agent, Oeo. H. Hardy.
' : Room 304, 319 Pender fit. W.
„_.-1 second And fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,
Joem 6, U19 Pender St. Iff.
International   longshoremen's
' isooiatlon,    Local    88-52—Oflea aad
,  IftS Cordova flt.  W.    MeeU Irst
__J third   Fridays,   ft.pjn.    flewetarr*
[treasuwr, T. aitan;  Muaws agent, P.
__„    WORKERS'     IpUOTRflC
!. —RON Of CANADA—An Indns-
trlral anion of all workers In log*
flag aad construction camps. Coast 1Mb*
frlft aad Oeaoral HeadaaarUn. tl O-if
Qora St. W., Tanoonver. B. 0. Phono Bey,
7158. J. M. Clarke, general secretary-
traasarer; legal advisers, Messrs. Blret,
Mlodonnld * Oo, Vaatoavw, B. C.; anal-
tow, Messrs. Buttar b China, Vancou-
vir, B. c. 
I Ed. Dawson; seeretary, R. Hirst; busl-
Jftess Igent, P. R. Boagough. Oflico: 809,
■319 Ponder St. W. Meets In Room 8,
|H19 Pender St. W., oa seoond and fourth
Needay In month,
IA0HINI8TS LOCAL 182—President,
m Leo Georgo; aooretary, J. G. Keefe;
■business agent, P. R. Bengough. Oflee:
UM, 819 Fender St. W. Meets In Room
la 18, 819 Fender St, W. oa first and third
^.Thursdays  In month.
ratbrs and Papeianngera   oi   America.
Looal   188,   Vaaeouvor—Meets   2nd  and
th Thursdays  at   148   Cordova  St.  W.
'bone Bey. 8491. Bnsiness agent, R. A.
B. C.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
Union of British Columbia—Meeting
night, flnt and third Wednesday of each
moath at loa Mala Street. President,
A. WilliamB; vice-president, R. Morgan;
■ecrotary-tn-nmirer, W. Donaldson, Address, 108 Main Street, Tanoonver, B. C.
Vietoria Branch Agent's address, W.
Francis. 567 Johnson St., Victoria. B. C.
Intern ation al union steam and"
r Operating Engineers, Local 844, meets
lavery Thursday at t p.m., Room 307
■Lsbor Templt. Secretary-Trcasurtr, N.
[dtreen, 053 Hornby St. I'hoao Bey. 7043R.
■Moeording Seeretary, W. Chandler, 1631
I fell Ave., North  Vnncouver.
IbTRttl-T    AND    UL t-XTKlU   KA1LW A \
Employeea,  Pioneor  Division,  Na  101
—MeeU A. 0. P. Hall,  Mount Pleasant
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 3409 Clarke
Drive;  recording-secretary, F, B. OrlBi..
447—Oth Avenue East;  treasurer, E, 8.
Ci''eland;   financial-secretary   and   bssl-
y ...agent,  W.  H.  Cottrell,  4808  Dum-
. fr|\   Streot; offlce corner Prior and Mala
[pj.   Phono Fair b604R
1 America, Loeal No, .178—Meetings held
flrst Monday ln each month, 8 p.m. Pros-
I Ident, A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, D.
[ Lawson; reeordlng seoretary, 0, MoDonald,  P. 0. Box  503;  flnanolal aecre-
taryjJT. Templeton, P. 0, Box_808.	
J     of th<» 0.   B.  U.  meets on  the  third
I Wednesday of every month.    Everybody,
Tokio—According to one of the
Ruaslan engineers employed by the
South .Manchurian Railway at Dair-
en, the proceeds of this railway
company., are divided as follows:
One-half to Japan, one-fourth I*
China, one-fourth to "Rusaia." The
money for Ruasla Is put Into the
hands of a email group of generals
to be used at their discretion. It ii
actually used in connection with
White activities and propaganda ln
the Far Eastern republic and to
maintain a "Russian" consul in San
Philadelphia — Renewed appeala
to .unions to bombard the White
House with demands for amnesty
for political prisoners convicted under war-time lawa, are being sent
out by the Pennsylvania committee
for political prisoners, organized
for the release of all political prisoners. "The political prisoners
wtll be released lf you flood Wash*
ington with letters on your own
stationery," writes E. J. Lever of
the Machinists to the officers and
members of organised labor.
Sovlft Russia, Vancouver branch, meots
first and third SiiiuIrj-h each month, 2
I p.m., at 61 Cordova St. W. For informa-
f tlon write to branch secretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
01 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C.
■ Chicago—Tlm Murphy has followed Con Shea to freedom from
the murder conspiracy charges
brought against fivo Chicago Labor
men nftor the killing of two police-']
men, May 10, by unknown men.
The prosecution dropped the case
hgainst Murphy In the same way
'as lt dropped the oase against Shea
last week"-—*or want of evidence
The frame-up to Involve the men In
control of the building trades council was hatched by the State, the
BO-called Citizens Council to Enforce the L_i mils Award, the city
crime commission and a number of
other organizations, open or disguised, of the big business Intcrcsts
of the city. Fred jMader, D. J. McCarthy and John Miller, who says
he was forced at pistol point to
■ flrlve the death car by. the unknown
players, still face the jury.
Every render of The Fedcrn-
tlonlst can render vnlnnblc assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon ns they nre due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe, It dot* not take much
effort to do thin.   Try It.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
'Rates Reasonable
Lumber Workfers\
News and Views
Seeretary L. W. I. U„
Vanoouver^ B. C.
Only a few of tht camps are
working over here. This Is on account of the dry weather we are
having; but there is an abundance
df other -'skull gragglng" work,
the fellows say: "Well, I think I'll
take a couple of weeks at such and
such a camp, and ride or walk out
to it." I imagine It would "be a
icult job to enforce the blacklist
over here.
There was an I. W. W. delegate
here when I came. He. was doing
'bushel" work. I didn't hear him
discuss hfs "harvesting" Qualities,
but the boys told me that he was
talking in tens of thousands of
[bushels," Any amount of "Wobblies" aro doing bushel work here,,
and the "scissors" are giving them
the horse laugh. This Is a plain1
statoment of oold faot. The Wobblies never, did have as Strang an,
organisation ln the woods as we
did. X did not know this until I
talked with the fellows over here.
It appears that only three or four
oamps were organised on an 100
■ cent, basis. We must remember, however, that terrible obstacles were tn the way of organising
in the camps.
Very few camps Interfere with
delegates. The pendulum has
swung the other way.-* Evidently
the masters tn thts State have
awakened to the fact that persecution Is, ln so far as a Labor organisation is concerned, a boost.
The delegates pick up most af the
members in town. There are, of
course, a few exception! to this
Washington, U. 8. A*
Augst 10th.
present is beeause of the unorganised condition of most of the camps,
those who are unorganized holding
baok the ones that are organled
and prepared. At the first onslaught of the Lumbermen's Association against the union, the.men
yielded, but they yielded not to' the
open war and persecution that was
being waged against them, but they
became a disorganized mob when
they allowed the agents of the master olasa to stir up dissension, and
spread lying propaganda against
their union. The effects of this is
being felt today in the shape of decreased wages, and "old-time"'
camp conditions.
Today the American Labor movement is fighting as tt never fought
before, and what Is more, It ls winning. The master class has made
onslaught after onslaught upon the
United States workers until the
bwekiaa point ha* been reached,
sj im*\\ the workers hare turned
ai crand&d are fighting back. Bui
tt vf are lighting baek because they
hi ve kept their organisations in-
U at, wlAn they haft to retreat.
T iey hate seen to it lhat they rote ,ned tto machinery to flght with,
at that they should be ready at
tt e flrst opportunity. There is a
U ison ln this for the Lumber Wor-
k rs. Although their union is in a
w lakened condition, owing to the
r< peated attacks of the boss loggers
a ents, yet the loggers too have the
O ceseary organisation machinery
ti 'flgnt with If the mass of the
■rtorkepp wll lonly avail themselves
oj the opportunity and use It.
(The time Is here for us taking
action on our own behalf. The
time ls here to have revenge for
J hat, has been Inflicted upon Us
urthg the past two*years. Let us
setse; the. opportunity, and make
such a drive against the lumber
barons that in after years the story
of that drive wtll "stand out like a
red light In a fog" ln the history of
the Canadian Labor movement.,
Phont your orden lo any of our
123 Huting. E. Pbone Sey. 32(9
Next Door to Goodwin's
830 Granville St. Phone Sey. 8««
llctirccu Bobaon and Smlthc Sts.
__00 Main St, Phone l'alr. 1083
lit-tween 16tli and 17th on Mali)
11*1 GranrUle St. Sey, 614*
Cor. Davie on Granvillo
Lets Prime Veal from, per
lb - SW'/ic
Prime Veal Roasts from, per
lb 180
Prime Choice Meaty Veal
Roasts, per lb.  25c
Prime Veal Stew, lb lbe
Prime Lf.i;s .st Lamb, lb...SBc
Prime Meaty Lamb Roasts,
per lb 25c
Prime Lamb Stew, 2 lbs...25o
, BEE.*
Prime Meaty Pot Roasts from,
per lb .....;. ,.".....10o
Prime Meaty Oven Roasts from,
per lb 13Vic
Sirloih Tip, any size cut, lb...28c
Do you buy your butter at
Alberta Creamery Butter on sals
on Saturday morning from 1
a.m. to 11 am.    &_    IO
Special, 3 lbs   «Pl.l__i
No delivery.
B. C. Fresh  Eggs!"
3 dozen for
Slater's   Sliced   Sugar    Cured
Ham. very mild, n_t\_a
per lb.
Slater's Smoked Picnic Ham,
,r _ 23k
Finest Puro Lard; -
per lb. ...'..
Finest Roast Beef Dripping,
2 lbs.
for ....;	
Slater's Famous Roll
Bacon, 3 lbs	
Our  Finest
Butter, 3 lbs.
Shipping Orders AH ai
Above Prices
Freeh Cut. I'lowcrs, Funeral Resigns,  Wedding Bouquets, Fot
I'lunla, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
■iKriliistlni-f. St. E. 2--STOR1-1H---2 065 Granvillo St.
Sey. P88-672 "SAY IT WITH. FLOWERS"'     Sey. ft313-13ei
The rain which har fallen during
the past week haa practically put
eut the bush fires, and the boss log*
gers are once again opening up the
campa A large number of men are
heading east for the harvest,, sev*
eral hundreds having been shipped
during the past two days.
This opening up of the camps,
and the fact that a large number
ef men are going to the.prairie,
has already had a slight effect upon
the labor market. On Monday last
the loggers' wages went up 25c per
day ln Vancouver.' 'However, this
small Increase ls nothing to what
could be secured lf some action
was taken by the m$n to enforce
an Increase ln wages. At the present moment there fs a golden opportunity to make a drive against
the boss loggers, lf the men In the
camps would only take advantage
of It.
The only reason why wages In
the camps are as low as they are at
The Economic Development in j
'at. Australia After the War
Rupert Trades
Council Is Active
(Continued from page 1)
Charles Stewart had just announced
that being made.
- 1. What was the attitude of the
member for Skeena on the Nova
Scotia coal miners' strike?
He did not consider the question
of vital importance). It was a
Nova Scotia question, and not British Columbia's.
8. Is lhe government in favor of
further centralizing the control of
our banking system?
He- was not familiar with the
policy of the government, but he
admitted that tho Liberals, had
gone on record aa being opposed to
further centralization.
No Railway Building
9. In reference to the unallotted
vote of eight million dollars for
British Columbia, will the government build a road into the Ground
Hog or some other short feeder
that will help make the main, lnie
of the Grand Trunk Paelfle a profitable road and, at he snme time
help the unemployment when it is
needed ?
Hon. W. C. Kennedy, minister of
railways, had said that no more
railways would be built ln the Immediate futuro. Personally, Mr.
Stork said he would vote for lt.
10. Does tho government contemplate passing a national eight-
hour day?
He did not know if, the government was contemplating such a
measure, but If it did he would vote
for It.
Mr. Stork stnted that he had not
taken up the-matter of unemployed
Insurance with the government.
In reference to the question as to
why the Dominion Iron and Steel
Corporation of Nova Scotia had
beon $4,000,000 for breach of contract In connection with war cancellations, and British Columbia
lumber mills had not been similarly treated, Mr. Stork said he was
not familiar.
Tho next meeting of the Trades
and Labor Council will be devojod
exclusively to consideration of the
Workmen's Compensation Aot
Rangers Deport W. Z.
-Foster from State
(Cent inued_from   page   1)
By W. P. Earaman (Sydney),
pRIOR to the war Australia was.
■"■ mainly the dumping ground
for the manufactured commodities
of Europe and America. Australia
exported nearly all her raw material in wool, wheat, meat, copper, gold, ete. In many instances
the raw material returned in the
form of finished commodities.
With the.outbreak of the European, conflict the whole scene waa
changed. Britain and Germany,
the main induetrial countries supplying Australia, had something
else to do than sond manufactured
goods for colonial exploitation.
Then America and even Japan
found they were too busy supplying
Europe to trouble about Australia
or Now Zealand. Therefore the
shortage had to be made good in
some way. Herein appeared a
blessing In disguise, as it was an
opportunity for the economic e*r
pension of Industries In Australia
which previously had never been
dreamt of.
The Commonwealth Government
was the flrst to commence operations by erecting large woolen
mills for the manufacture of woollen goods. Private enterprise followed and this industry was soon
ln a flourishing condition. This
led to the manufacture of machinery, which'In turn l«*d t© the
very great expansion of tho Iron
and steel industry. The steel
works at Newcastle expanded
enormously and even commenced
to export'to Brituin.
Then followed shipbuilding,
which also got a great impetus.
The Commonwealth Government
policy of having an Australian
Navy was nbout to be realised. The
Government took ovor large shipbuilding yards in Sydney and commenced the building of battleships, destroyers and submarines.
This later extended to tho building
of merchant ships. In fact thero
wns no direction but what there
was some very marked dovelopment Electrical appliances,
steel tires for the railways, etc.,
which hnd all beon previously Imported from Germany, were manufactured. Then there was a greater demand for wheat at fabulous
prices. In fact nothing escaped the
influence which "was abroad.
This prosperity continued for
two years after the termination of
the wur. Then thn scene began to
change. Those who had been
studying thc situation knew what
waa coming, and the workers were
woll warned. At this time when
prices were falling all over tho
world, the Commonwealth Government acted in such a way that tho
full force of the impending crash
wus delayed for a fow months.
During the war period the government had formed what wasj
known as tho wheut und wool pool.
This was an organization which the
government organized for the purpose of marketing all wheat and
wool for exportation. The government bought up from tho farmers
all their wheat and wool, and puid
them London prices minus cost and
freight. When prices fell all over
the world, the government did not
reduce the price of wool and wheat
but continued to pay war pricos till
the beginning of 1021. This was
merely political trickery on the part
of the Nationalist government,
which was afraid of the opposition
of the farmers, but It had a very
big influence on everything at thia
moment, and was the means of stalling off the evil day. The evil day
the government had In mind was
the elections and the idea of losing
votes for a paltry few million
pounds sterling seemed to this gang
of daylight robbers very silly. So
they waited till after the elections
and then burst up the pool. This
meant that the farmers were
thrown on thetr own resources for
the disposing of their commodities.
In 1920 the price of wheat alone
fell three shillings per bushel, but
the Commonwealth' government
continued to pay nine shillings thafjj
vvni-Kni' sf
FAGTOK Brand Work Bttrta an froduced expreuly for tha Hudaon's Bay Ooapaap.
. Thoy ara'mada for raalaomfort and lonj wear. Thay oontain many spatial faatwaa
of advantagt to tha wearsrwhkh are not found in ordin^ work A-_a_m _____
features ara: ___^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
In   the
twas a slump In this business too,
which left the army of unemployed. It was not expected that the,
farmers of all kinds would continue
their operations as In previous years
with the big fall In prices which I
have already mentioned. Aa in other
countries, the capitalists commenced their offensive against the con*
ditions of the workers and lowered
the standards of living so as they
could compete -with other countries.
The unemployed were far from
passive and became an organized
mass. They soon brought pressure
to bear on tha different State gov-
ernments, who In turn for a time
supplied relief work, making new
roads, etc. But his was not sufficient, because theer were a great
numbor of skilled mechanics also
on the bread line or I should say
below the bread line, and they refused to accept the pick and shovel
work. They were not flt for lt, and
they demanded work at their own
occupations. Thia was also granted
for a limited period, but it was not
long before the whole of the relief
work came to an end, The government could not carry on because
of .the shortage of funds. This situation gave way to one of desperation by the mob and street conflicts took place between the unemployed and the police at the Instigation of the Labor governments,
Which thought that' this was the
only way to silence the hungry. At
the same time they were perfectly
candid about the whole position,
saying that they had plenty of work
put no money to pay. Appeals wore
pent to London by the Queensland
and NeW South Wales State governments, but both appeals fell on deaf
ears.' Then an effort waa made to
rdiae lOcal loans, which carried for
a while; but today they have given
OUt and unemployment is still Increasing.
^■So far no effort' has been made
to1 reduce'wages, but towards the
end of 1921 the capitalists opened
the campaign by demanding that
wages' must fall. Thta was kept
goltig for several weeks just wtth
the object of preparing the ground
fot- the real attack which would
follow. The union leaders replied
by refusing to consider any reduc
tlon and stating that the profits of
employers must fall. The unions
were now alive to what was doing
and commenced to put their house
In order for the attack and. prepared their defence. For some reason the employers did not deliver
their attack at once, but delayed ft.
This we turned to the best advantage by organizing, and doing the
utmost of propaganda among the
rank and flle.'
At  the   beginning  of   1922  the
night in jail and denied the right
to communicate with friends or
with a lawyer.
The State police confiscated half
his baggage, Including the manuscript of a book he had in preparation and a number of re fern ee
The next day the Colorado rangers took him 100 miles by auto
across Wyoming border to Cheyenne. Despite his protests they I
photographed, weighed and meas-'
ured him, contrary to law. In
Cheyenne, the Colorado police, who
wore illegally holding Foster a prisoner on Wyoming territory without a warrant, learned that a Wyoming county sheriff was wa'itnlg
to co-operate with them 12 miles
away, Re-entering the auto thoy
took Foster back to the State line,
where the sheriff said he was going
to put him on an east bound Union
Pacific train.
Instead of doing so the sheriff
drove Foster ln an auto to a point
six mlles-'from Tarrlngton( Wyo.,
100 miles distant from Cheyenne.
Foster was ordered to walk the six
miles to the Burlington station. Ho
succeeded ln arriving at the station
with what was left of his baggage
and hastened to Omaha.
Prepartlons for legal action
against the Colorado and Wyoming
nntborlties are being made.
Ample room without undue bulk
boar Unas.
Ncat-flttlng shoulder yoke tti collar.
Extra roomy armpit ana aleeva cut with a
generous amount of material, not skimped
like inferior quality shirts that bind and
hinder freedom of action.
Placquet faced and buttoned Ttat at wri*v„
Correct length (or real comfort   FACTOR
FACTOR Braid Shirta
trear by the maehaaia, mr
ahirta that wiU ssaat ywr
No. 101—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt of wool
khaki flannel. Coat style. Ton down collar.
Two bellows pockets. #0  CA
Each   ~__~-. «)OiUU
No. 103—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt Khaki
moleskin.   Coat style. feO AA
Each  ,_ SU- #e5eUU
No. 105—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt. Black
fleeced twill   Closed front. ->«V gA
Breast pocket   Each   «P_beOU
No. 106—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt. Grey
cotton military flannel. Closed Aa AA
front.   Breast pocket.    Eaeh  -VMeUU
No. 10S—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt. Superfine
cotton khaki gabardine.   Turned down collar,        Bacn
Brand comes either la ths nsw coat styW
or closed front, with extra  long three-
button vent to facilitate taking off.
mt   Gusset skirt i "?
in a wida choioa of mttariala mnad particularly for
or sportsman. Saleot from tha fallowing lha fartMaw
and order by numbor:
Faced breast pocket Cos* ttyta. 'Aa Meal
shirt for golf or any outdoor d>A IA
sport   Each  , _»  •sysMptHr
No. 109—FACTOR Brand Work Bhlrt. Neat Moo
grey pick and pick chambray, la good ms<lnm
weight Closed front Turned d>f 0A
down collar. Breast pocket Each tploejU
No. 110—FACTOR Brand Work Shirt Balm
heavy weight pick and pick chambray. Closed
front.   Breaat pocket #•> AA
Each *. «.. _-, tpZeUtr
No. lit—FACTOR Brand Work Skirt ft**
quality black mercerised sateen. Closed
front.   Breast pocket __% AA
H*">?jji!_- fea-(fagr»wsjfl»
prime minister of the Commonwealth, Mr. Hughes, called an economic conference, composed of employers and employees. .This conference opened ln Sydney, in February, with Mr. Hughes as chairman. The prime minister said that
he had called the conference with
the object of finding out lf either
side could offer the government any
suggestions whereby the present
economic crisis in industry could
be remedied. Also with the objeot
of bringing capital and labor together to try and avoid any unnecessary conflicts.
This conference lastod ten days.
The employing class simply demanded a reduction tn wages and
an increase of the working hours
from 44 to 48 hours per week. The
workers' representatives refused to
consider any sucb proposals, and
declared that nothing-short of force
would induce them to accept any
reduction In wages, that unemployment would not be assisted to any
degree by reducing the standard of'
living, that it was part and parcel
of the present mode of production,
and that while the latter lasted,
there was no.remedy for the disease. But to meet the present position, the workers' leaders put for*
ward a programm that would be
the means of assisting the workers
a tittle ln their misery. It was as
"In consideration ofthe fact that
Australian Industry is inseparably
interwoven with tho world's economy, and believing that industry In
the Commonwealth will shortly be
gripped by the same crisis that Is
paralyzing Industry throughout the
world, the employees' representatives at this conference declare that
the preeent syatem of unregulated
production, Inadequate distribution,
and unco-ordinated exchange la Incapable of meeting the situation
that has developed,"
They declare further, that only
the socialisation of Indnatry, wtth
workers' control, offers a solution
for the Impending collapse of industry."
The workers' representatives concluded wtth the following demands:
1. No reduction In wages or
lengthening of tne working week.
2. Adequate unemployment Insurance as a legitimate risk of and
charge upon Industry,
t.   Effective share by the workers In the control of Industry.
When this programme was tab-
der to bo able ta 0n proper con*
stdoratlon to the proposals. Thls>
was agreed to.
The noxt day tbo conference met
and the employers refused to discuss the employees' proposals and
that they could ooo ao good purpose In going on with the conference. In othor words, thoy Bound
the workers' repre—nl stives solid
and not prepared to own in agree*
ing to reduce wages.
Today the position Is becoming
very acute. More worksrs are being thrown on the streeta, and factory aftet factory Is closing. Tho
employers are preparing to make a
mass attack on the unions and hy
sheer force compel a reduction of
/wages, ate. On the other hand, tho
uniona are also getting ready by
banding themselves together Into
industrial unless and whea the attack, ts mado sometimes thta year
ted, the employers asked for the ad- nothing short of a general strike
Journment of the conference in or-   wtll be the result
Eatabllshed In Vancourer «!»« 1111
Phone Sey. 8631-68 CORDOVA BT. W.—V-moonwr, B.O.
To Holders of Five Year
51 per cent Canada's
Victory Bonds
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st December, 1922.
bushel. Tills will give some Idea of
the crash when ft did come in 1921.
It has not yet fully developed, and
this coming winter will be the most
severe the masses of Australia have
yet exporiencod.
The flrst sign of the coming
change was that factories and mills
began to dispense with the services
of some of their workers. At flrst
tliis was not general, but soon the
rout began and every industry was
affected. There were all kinds of
rumors abroad, that lt was only a
temporary stoppage and soon the
wheels would be moving again. By
the beginning of 1921, the position
had become vfery serious, and Aus-'
tralla for the flrst time probably]
in her short history,, was faced
with what looked a permanent unemployed army. This does not
mean thnt Australia never had any
unemployed before but that she had
not any great number of unemployed in the past. This ia easily ac-.
counted for when it is remembered
that Australia Ib an agricultural
country with great farms, thousands of acres In sice, producing
wheat nn.. wool on mass production
lines. Thts means that In spring,
sumer and autumn there Is always employment either harvesting, shearing, cutting sugar cane,
fruit packing and work ln the big
freesing works, where the cattle
are slaughtered and prepared for*
asportation.  But at this Ume thero
THE MINISTER OF FINANCE offer, to holden
of theie bond, who desire to continue their
investment in  Dominion of   Canada  securities  the
privilege of exchanging the maturing bonds for new
bonds bearing 5} per cent interest, payable half yearly,
' of either of the following dasMt:—
(a) Five year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1927.
(b) Ten year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature Ist November, 1932.
While the maturing bonda will carry interest to 1st
December, 1922, the new bonds will commence to earn
interest from 1st November, 1922, OWING A BONUS
Thi* offer is made to holders of the maturing bonds
and is not open to other investors The bonds to be
issued under this proposal will be substantially of the
same character as those which are maturing, except
that the exemption from taxation does not apply to the
Dated at Ottawa, tth August, 1921
Holders of the maturing bonds who wish to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should take
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, to a Branch of
any Chartered Bank in Canada and receive in exchange
an official receipt for the bonds surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver the corresponding bonds of
the new issue.
Holders of maturing fully registered bonds, interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa, will receive their
December 1 interest cheque as usual. Holders of
coupon bonds will detach and retain the last unmatured
coupon before surrendering the bond itself for conversion
The surrendered bonds will be forwarded by banks
to the Minister q[ Finance at Ottawa, where they will
be exchanged for bonds of the new issue, in fully
registered, or coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May and 1st November
of each year of the duration of the loan, the first interest
payment accruing and payable 1st May, 1923. Bonds
of the new issue will be sent to the banks for
delivery immediately after the receipt ofthe surrendered
The bonds of the maturing issue which are not
converted under this proposal will be paid off ia cash oa
the 1st December, 1922.
Minister of Finance.
!jBi7_JlmU-_fi-_li-^^ PAGE FOUR
fourteenth year, no. 28 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vAwonvim. a __
FRIDAY ■'..„:■ juigaat-1», 1922 1
Here's a bully
suit and coat for
Fifty Bucks!
CEE this fellow in the picture wearing' a
^ "Dick Bluo"—tho famous English serge
which has made Dick celebrated in this line.
Over his arm ho carries an English-made
Gabardine coat. The outflt costs you Fifty iron
men. His tie is a new college stripe, and his
hat is one of the new Fa.'l styles, a Dick special
at $5.. What do you think of it?
Dick's Special
Blue Serge ^ - $30
English heavyweight blue serge suits—our
well-known leader—guaranteed' fast color.
Made np into thc new Fall suits for men and
young men. The newest trousers, slightly
belled or straight, if you like, semi-form fitting
coats, smart sleeves and lapels, in a serviceable
snit for all the year round. A genuine buy at
any time—appropriate now.
English Gabardine
Coat  - - -  $20
New English-make Gabardine Coats, in olive
and tan shades, raglan sleeves und patch
pockets, or set-in sleeves and slant pockets,
just as you like them; belted or looso stylo;
half silk lined; well made and linished.
Send your mall orders, with
description, and measurements as.accurately as possible. All orders sent, express
prepaid, on receipt of prices
marked here—and guaranteed.
"Yottr moneyj worth or your monoy ba.dk *
to inve:
Government Sends Ques-
tionaire to Unions and
Public Bodies
(By the Federated Presa)
Stockholm, Sweden—In order to
test the workings of the eight-hour I
day ln Sweden, the government is
now considering a questional™
among workers, national, provincial
and municipal authorities, employers, superintendents of the poor,
librarians, trade unions, * school
boaTds, physicians, chambers of
commerce and educational, athletic
and temperance societies. The
questlonalre Is to be completed by
Sept. 1, and as a result of It new
laws governing employment and
hours of work are to be drafted,
The questlonalre will cover the
following (1) A general Inquiry as
to whether, as a result of experience with the eight-hour day law,;
thc person asked believes it o be a
good measure; (2) a. general inquiry among certain special Industries as to the economic and social,
effects since the Introduction of the
eight-hour day.
The eight-hour day law was
adopted in 1919, and put Into effect
on Jan. 1, 1920. Under Us terms,
the ordinary working week is one
of 48 hours.
Trades Council Takes
Stand on Dominion-wide
Unemployed Conference
'^"(Continued from Page l)
Get your workmate to subscribe
for The Federations.
Convenience In vacation isjs li
made poaiible by the telephone. Tbe
telephone nhirld aifn along the highway* means tbat anxieties can be
eliminated, changed plant made
known, emergenclea more quickly relieved. It la symbol of assurance to
the motorist, and he may rely on It
day and night. . In our rural offices,
a telephone booth haa been placed outside so that it la always convenient
(or people travelling to pit in a call.
pointing out that he had stated, in
effect, tbat he only represented Labor, and would hot represent any
other section' of the community,
and Jf they did not like it, they
could do the other thing.'
Woodside a Hypocrite
Dealing with Alderman Wood-
side and bis claims to represent
Labor, the speaker pointed
out that at one time this
city representative was a member
of the 'Western Federation of Miners, but that organisation was now
as dead as was Aid. Woodside, and
that he had always lined up with
the employers, and he had arrived
at the conclusion, that after his remarks In the City Council on Monday, Alderman Woolside was one
of the most colossal hypocrites he
had ever met.
Liquor Profits
Another delegate voiced his opposition to the profits from the liquor stores being used to pay the
expenses of the Oeneral Hospital.
He took the atand that, he hospital
was also a fiasco, and. the money
should be devoted to the care of
the unemployed.
After the resolution was adopted
without opposition, the following
committee was appointed to present
the views of the council to the City
Council: R. H. Neelands, M. L. A.,
president of the council; Secretary
Bengough and J. Nixon.
See Minister of Labor
Secretary Bengough reported on
the Interview which the executive
of the council bad held with the
Minister of Labor, Hon. Jos. Murdoch, on Thursday last, and stated
that he did not expect much from
It. He also drew the councils attention'to the fact that while the
Minister of Justice had given his
decision, to the effect that the railroads were not within their rights
in placing a wage cut Into effect before a board of conciliation, under
the Lemieux Act had sat on the
proposed new agreement, the railroads had cut the wages of the
shopmen.    The executive wns In-
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan & Brookhouse
Phone*:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
structed to protest to tho premier
against this action by wire.
A communication was received
from the A..P. of L. intimating that
I the Maintenance of Way Employees
1 had been reinstated ln that organization. This letter was referred to
the committee on organization.
Wont Affiliate
A communication was received
from- the City Hall Employees, In
reply to a letter from the council,
seeking the affiliation of that body,
I which intimated that the proposal
was turned down by a vote of two
to one. The secretary of the council pointed out that the leterhead
1 on which the letter was wrlten did
not carry the'union label, and that
the organization was designated as
a Federal Union, while the letter
Itself stated that It was a Provincial organization,
Another communication of Interest to labor, was one received
from the Burrard Inlet Tunnel &
Bridge Company, with respect to
the contract for the proposed
bridge. This letter was In reply to
one sent by the council asking if
a fair wage clause was to be Inserted in the contract, but it did not
state whether this proviso would be
made or not.
Arrangements for Labor Day
The Labor Day committee reported progress; • and stated that
tickets wer now on sale, the price
being for adults '60 cents, ohildren,
25 cents, these prices including
transportation on the street cars
from any point in the city, and on
the ferries and to the park.
The committee appointed to collect funds for the striking shopmen on the Great Northern, who
reside in Vancouver, reported that
$265 had already been .secured, and
that his amount would be distributed amongst he strikers.
Secretary Bengough reported
that one man, who was on strike
at the Great Northern shops, and
who had been engaged ln picket-
work, hod been' arrested, and that
the magistrate who tried the case
had reserved his decision. He stated that the mnn arrested had
thought the strike-breakers were
going to hit him, and had put up
his hands, when the strike-breakers
stated: "Now. we've got him."
He also reported that city police
were protecting the strike-breakers,
and even taking them from the
shops to their homes, and that the
matter had been taken up with
Mayor Tlsdall, who had stated, that
the police commissioners had not
glv-an any orders to the police to do
this work.
Another delegate stated that he
was of the opinion that Alderman
Woodside had a hand in this matter, and asked: "What Labor organization does Alderman Wood-
side represent?" This Question
caused an out burnt of laughter,
which showed plainly Just what the
council thinks of this alderman.
Unions reporting did not give
very promising reports. Tho painters reported that they had many
members out of work. The Milk
Salesmen nnd Dairy Employees reposed that the Fraser Valley and
Purity dairies were now fair, but
the Valley Dairy was still on the
unfair 11st.-
Delogate Showier, reporting for
the Milk Salesmen, pointed to the
fact that thVee members of this organization had been Injured In the
early hours of the morning by Joyriders returning from their Jaunts,
and tlmt one man had his wagon
cut In two recently, and was himself ueriously Injured, but that
there was no report of it In the
_,    Be sure to notify the post offlce
BI  so snnn «■ vnn ehnnr»vnnt- odd reus.
J    I
Call Is Issued for Uijions.)
to Take Their Place
Stormy   Debate   Marks
Australian Labor
By W. Francis Ahem
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
Melbourne, Australia.—Thc second annual All-Australian National
Trade Union Congress was held at
the Trades Hall, Melbourne, June
26-July 1, J922. All. unions
throughout the Australian continent were represented—170 delegates answering the roll cal),,
This congress reviewed the year's
work since the framing of the new
Industrial and political objective by
the last year's congress. It was
hoped that as a result of the decisions of the 1921 congress, complete unity among the various
working-class organizations would
have been reached. Unfortunately,
such has not been the case.
Speakers at this year's congress
voiced the opinion that the still existing differences of opinion were
due to personal feuds and obstinacy, a refusal to agree upon details,
and the presence of trickery lu the
-   On Eve of Attack
In opening the congress President E. J. Holloway, after again
stressing the need for, working-
class unity and co-operation, said:
"We are on the eve of an organized
attack from the leaders of the capitalist class. Instead of the promr
ises made during the war there is
considerable and general % onslaught on the workers' standard
of living."
The congress decided to call
upon all unions in Australia to take
their places In their respective departments under the O. B. U.
scheme. Trades Hall councils are
to be asked to organize their unions
In industrial groups.
The following were   elected   to
form the council of action for the
current year:   J. B. Holman, A. C. J
Willis, J. Baddeley, C. Pattlnson, J..
McNeill, J. Barnes,   C.   Crdft,   J.
Howie,   D.   Clifford,   J.   McDqnald,^
W. Rlordan, W. J. Dunstan.    The
council of action will function ostJ
the   supreme  controlling  body  of-j
the   industrial   unions   throughout!
Australia.   It was decided that nn-
unions,   the   AU-Australian   Trade
Union congress shall meet   every'
year at a place and date to be ar-4
ranged. ;
Stormy Debate
A stormy debate   lasting   three,'
daya. was fought around the labor.1
objective, between the "moderates"
and the "reds."    Finally, the'following decision wns arrived at:
That thiB congress, desiring a
united working-class front in this
country, reaffirms the Industrial
and political policy adopted by the
last year's congress, and endorses,
as far as Is consistent with this
resolution, the work of the Brisbane conference of October,- 1921.
It urges all branches of the Australian Labor, Party and other working-class parties and groups forthwith to fall into line, bo that a
uniform political policy may be
presented throughout Australia,
and calls upon - the Australian
Labor Party to make provision
along the lines of the British and
New Zealand Labor parties, for the
incorporation of aU schools of general labor thought and activity,
with freedom of propaganda and
organization, While at the eame
time requiring the. loyal acceptance
of the decisions of representative
Veteran of Four Years'
Service Is Now in
Ottawa.—Readers were forcibly
reminded of the promises which
were made to men eight years ago
when aoldiers wore required to
help "make the world safe for democracy" by an item appearing in
the Ottawa Citizen as follows:
" 'Scotty' MacDougall, an Ottawa
veteran of nearly, four years' service In.the trenches, Is reduced to
rags and ls in poor health, mental
and.physical, officialdom hccmd to
have passed the buck with him,
and -now 'Scotty' needs friends-
real, human friends.   -.
"Ip.-the early days of the war he
was too short in stature for Canadian ' _ military standards, so he
crossed to England In a cattle boat
and got Into the international pastime participated In by heroes (bo
they called them). Now many of
them are called 'cases.' And
Scotty' Is a case. He was wounded
and gassed as a result of his services with the East Lancashire, an
Imperial regiment, The :Great
War Veterans' Association has carried his case as far as they could,
but 'Scotty' still remains a most
destitute,' pitiful case."
Wage Cuts Cause Workers to Strike in Many
Washington — Reports reaching
the department of commerce indicate that labor unrest in Spain is
on the increase, with both the coal
and shipping industries tied up by
In Bllboa the metallurgical workers, voting on the government's
proposition of compromise with the
operators, decided to return to
Work, according to cable dispatches
received from Mndrid, The operators had announced a reduction
bf wages of 20 per cent,, with the
alternative of a working day of 9
instead of 8 hours. Twenty-eight
thousand workers are said to have
been oh strike, paralyzing tho metallurgical Industry of the region.
The government's proposition Is a
reduction of 10 per cent. In wages,
"•.""'.I- ,.\r. Trai»a..„Ll'*h'ch has been accepted by the
the O. B. U. ir.cl_de_ all *»*«i^_m_m_ „„„.,„• -rl„'ell)1(! „*  t„e
strike lenders.
Conditions ln the coal mining
strike ln Ovif-ilo have not changed.
Seven thousand five hundred coal
miners in the section struck because of the announcement of a 20
iier cent, cut In wages. The workers refused to accept the cut while
the operators refused to assent to
any other proposition.. Efforts of j
the government to effect a compro-.
mise have thus far been unavail- j
Ing. I
It is reported that 15,000 seamen are idle in. parcelona. This
is due to the nonactlvity of 139
steamers comprising a total ton
nage of 350,000.
Disappointment Expressed
Disappointment, was.: expressed
that the. whole of the; money necessary to start a chain of labor dally
papers in -Australia was not to
hand. This was due to the depressed Industrial- outlook, Congress carried a motion urging all
unions to assist in collecting
11,760,000 necessary.
On the question of wages' and
hours of the workers, the congress
repudiated the principle and practice that any section of the workers were entitled to no-more tha.n a
bare living wage. Adequate provision in the .shape of sustenance
allowances for unemployed workers
was demanded,
As against the attempts to
lengthen the hours of work in Industry, the congress demanded a
shortening of the hours In accordance with the nature of each Industry. It also demanded equal
pay for the sexes for equal work.,
The congress again expressed* itstl
complete hostility to war! jJ!itH||
ringing cheers delegates adopted.!
lhe slogan: "Not a man. not a
gun, uot a penny for war." , Congress also decided to notify [ the
government that In the event?of
any future war "the workers''of
to be moved ln Australia in support
of any war outside the country."
Catharines, Ont.—The possibility of a strike on the Weljtand
Canal construction work Is 16pm-
Ing up. A few weeks ago a deplita-1
tion waited upon the minister of
Labor and the government ad Ottawa protesting that Porter Bros.;
and Porter & Stand ifer, contractors, were not paying the required
schedule of wages. An order waa
Issued directing the contractors to
pay ft -schedule averaging from 5
to 16 cents an hour more,"retroactive to May 1, but the men claim
.that neither the increase* nor the
back pay has been granted.
Pr. Curry Baek
Dr. W. J. Curry, who has been
touring on Vancouver Island, for
some weeks Is back In town again.
During his holiday, the doctor has
not been idle, for he has been
boosting The Federatlonist Dr.
Curry can be found at the dally
grind again at his office In,, th*. Dominion Building.
New    Economic
Puts New Aspecton
World Problem*
Purpose Will Be to Train
Communists in
.;y.   ( Leadership
(By the Federated Press)
Moscow—A Communist University of the west has just been foun:
ded at Moscow; "the purpose
which;will be to train young men
from European countries'1 In Com
munlst leadership^ To begin with,
there .will be six sections—Jewish,
Lettish, Lithuanian, German, Pol
ish and Roumanian, The school
will be a counterpart of the Communist university - of the east, in
which 600 Asiatics are receiving
Communistic training. During the
period of their study, those In at'
tendance are to be clothed, housed
and fed at the expense of the Soviet
state. The chief subjects tb be
taught are historic materialism,
history of the revolution, religion
vs. Communism, constitution of the
Russian Socialist federated Soviet
republic, the red army and the dictatorship of the proletariat.
£^&^ Proceedings Have
Been'Started in Czechoslovakia
(By the Federated Press)
Prague, Czechoslovakia — The
unity of the' trade movement of
Czechoslovakia haB received a severe blow through the exclusion
from the General Federation of
Trade Unions of the Union of Workers in the chemical industry,
which has a membership of 70,000,
This union has an executive of
Communists, and because of its
avowed desire to have the Czechoslovak trade union movement affiliate wtth the Red Trade Union International of Moscow, ouster proceedings were started. This Is the
second exclusion of a whole organization, that of the woodworkers, tis| j
already reported by the Federated
Press, having taken place about a
month ago.
Crime  Wave  Is  B?ing
•^   .{py Ani^e] ,V   '
(Federated Pre^S; Correepondent)
Moscow,Tf-Under. ;the, inflyence^qf
the new-'ecoriomicpolicy the:problem of crime and Its deteeticViind
punishment la.coming to Ate,littlo
different in- Russiii from any dthcr
country. Porhaps the. only difference is thatjhe regular .police/aiid
detective forces in'Moscow never
handle political offenders _at',all, as
do the police In America In arresting Communists. or "woblies."
These come in . Russia under.-the
State political department, a special
organ; while the police and detectives deal only with the ordinary
forma of recognized, crime and. have
the usual criminal experts, .rogues'
gallery, etc.,,for.catching them.'
During the active time of the revolution, wjien little, property was
on display, there was litle crime,
robberies especially were almost
unheard of. The frequent reports
of correspondents that Moscow was
the safest city in Eprope were absolutely true.
Last'winter, however, with the
growing inequality of fortune and
the greater display of wealth, a
crime wave started which assumed
serious proportions. Nikolaev,
chief of tho Moscow detective force,
has issued a statement regarding
the subsidence of said wave.    .
"Lessening of crime is a fact,"
he says. "Street robberies have decreased 90 per cent, since the beginning of the year, and roberies of
Institutions 70 per cent. Murders,
unfortunately, still continue at the
same average of two or three per
week, usually relatives killing relatives, and, as a rule on economic
grounds to get money. This kind
of thing ls obviously not so easily
reached by a detective .force.
"The reasons for the decrease of
robberies and holdups is first, that
360 professional criminals' have
been taken out of Moscow to various places of detention; these were
all men with from two to ten
crimes In their record. _ Then the
summer evnlngs are light and make
crime less easy. Also our strenuous policy, which included the execution, Jn all, of 60 persons guilty
of robbery with violence or threatened murder, has Beared the criminals out of Moscow.
"Many criminals have left for
the south, where we Bee occasional
evidence that 'Moscow specialists'
are operating. Many have gone to
Nfjni Novgorod to the great fair.
We shall try to see that they are
properly received there. Some important criminals, we regret to say.
have escaped from Jails, not merely
once, but several times in succession."
_Where Is the Union Button T
Brace's Suits
The Maximum of Value at
the Minimum of Price
$17.50 to $3450
CD. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets      •
Mr. Workingman
Do You Believe that the
BEST Is the Cheapest?
OW about that ahoe repairing. We could
use inferior materials and do the work at
a very much lower prioe, but we can prove to
you that our hand-cut soles will outwear'two
pair of the ordinary kind. It remains with you
to test this statement. Let us do your next job.
It will convince you.   '
Hastings W.
Conference Will Be Attended by Soviet
Washington—The following cable
has been received from the Dalta,
the,Far Eastern republic's press
agency In Pekin, by the Washington ofllce of the agency:
"The governments of the Far
Eastern republic, and Soviet Russia,
on the basis of the special declaration of the Japanese government
regarding ItB decision to withdraw
its troops by Oct. 30, think that
favorable conditions have been
created for establishing peaceful relations with their neighboring
country, and after an exchange of
notes, the governments of the Far
Eastern republic, Soviet Russia and
Japan have agreed to sumomn a
conference. The place for this conference has not as yet been selected.
It will be either Moscow,.Chita or
, "The Soviet, government has appointed Mr. Jaffe as Us representative. Tho Far Eastern republic
has appointed Mr. Janson, its minister of foreign affairs, as Its representative. Jaffe, who left Moscow
July 27, has been appointed as
plenipotentiary representative of
Russia to China. He will, at the
same time, act as special plenipotentiary representative of the Soviet government In Its negotiationi
at Chita,"        	
Hand yonr neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then eall
around next day for a subscrlntlnn.
Millions have died in Soviet Russia from hunger;
Millions will be the victims of tuberculosis; !. ,   ■
Millions have had their constitutions undermined by famine.
Fields cannot be cultivated,
Factories cannot bs operated,
Mines and railways cannot work—
Because there are no tools or machinery.
Soviet Russia Depends on YOU
Have You Done Your Share?
Friends of Soviet Russia
Help Build Op the
World'e Fint
Workers' Republic
Soviet Ku_-!a of tlie 'WorkflrH and Pensjuita.
. to lic'n hallil up
. f j%n5^j_ _||^u.v


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