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British Columbia Federationist Sep 29, 1922

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Array RITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
NDUSTRIALUNITY:  STKENGTH-
Official Organ Vancouver Trades ind Labor Council (International)
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
FOURTEENTH YEAR.  No. 34
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY 1IORN1NG, SEPTEMBER 29,1922
$2.50 PER YEAR
FOR MINERS PAY
venty-two Out of the
Twenty-six Are
Married
aces of  Children Tell
Story of Miners'
Struggle
[By Maud McCreery]
{(Federated Press Correspondent)
Marion, 111.—All but four of tha
|l men In the Williamson county
all Here,  Indicted  in  connection
fclth the trouble at the Lester strip
jilne near Herrin, which was precipitated by the Importation of Chi-
;ago gunmen, and the murder of
hree unton miners on June 21, are
lathers.   Two others were the sole
lupport of young orphan brothers
fnd sisters.    Four of the indicted
were   supporting   widowed
bothers.
t Fifty children are nightly pray-
for the release from jail of
lers and brothers and their free-
i from charges of participation
t the recent trouble here. I have
aome of these children, and
ny heart has been wrung by the
expressions ln their eyes, al-
hough they are so young, it seems
|hey could not understand what it
i all about and why their fathers
^re kept from them.
Then I remember that at their
bother's knee and almost at her
; the children of coal miners
am the story of.the early strug-
s of the union. X remember that
y know of the blacklist; of be-
driven from pillar to post; of
Ludlow and Homestead and other
I mining towns where not only
fathers have been persecuted, but
mothers and babes been ground to
fceath under the feet of horscB rid-
Ben by Cossacks hired by the operntors, and, as In Ludlow, burned to
peath In pits like so much rubbish.
When I recall these things it is
^ot hard to understand the oddly
.erious looks on the faces of these
r mites.
"A  wife   and   three   ohildren;"
I'wife and five children;" "supporting a mother, Ave brothers and a
plster, all too young to work," This
ihow the record of the men In jail
1 in all but two instances.
"Alt I am worrying about is mo-
(ther and  the  kids,"  says Phillip
Fontlnetti,   of.  Italian   extraction,
Who nerved two years and a half in
fthe world war in the United States
navy.   He was the sole support of
a widowed mother and five brothers and a sister.
The union fs caring for the dependents of the men In jail, and
(everything humanly possible ls be-
. done to ease their minds in this
[trying time.   There ls no need for
capitalist  Red  Cross   or  any
bther agency to bring alms here.
The miners of Illinois take care of
khelr own.     Evidence of this waa
(given'when the recent convention
i Peoria voted to give 1 per cent,
[of the earnings of 90,000 members
this State to the defense fund
hnd to caro for the families of the
Dependents.
Essen- Qermany—Conservative
few Radical miner unions are flght-
Bn£"the Hugo Stlnnes proposal that
■they work overtime to pay the reparations bill.
Safety Laws Broken and
Forty-seven (^liners
Forfeit Ijires
Jackson, ,Cal.—ThjglT Argonaut
miners who were sta J "9 d and stifled
to death in the goldj&iine seem to
be haunting Vlnceij? ! Garmarihl,
head of the compat which owns
the Argonaut mine. . Me goes about
with protectors clos jit hand, less
someone take rev,: ^je for the
deaths of those men. Mt is said that
Garbarlni Is preparing to leave
Jackson.
Their deaths were unquestionably due to the violation of the
Btate safety laws by the Argonaut
company, In that there was a con'
creto bulkhead where the escape-
exit required under the statutes
ought tp have been. The high voltage wires into the mine were not
properly protected nor inspected as
required by the law, according to
reports by miners engaged in the
futile attempt at rescue.
Correspondents for the big newspapers and press associations here
—with the exception of a Scrips re-
presentative — appear to have
overlooked the existence of the con
crete bulkhead, the building of
which as a piece of capitalist spite
work, was reported by the Federated Press.
IS EXPOSED BY
mi-:
Australian Workers' Rep>
resentative  Exposes
Capitalist Plot
I UD OFF
POLICY
U.S. Railway Executives
Forced Shopmen
to Strike
I
fichigan Falls in Line
With Other
States
Battle Creek, Mich,—Following
six other state federations In the
'past three months, tho Michigan
Itate Federation of Labor in convontion here, went on record for
amalgamation of eraft unionB Into
industrial unions, one for each Industry. The resolution is substantially the "Chicago resolution,"
twice passed with overwhelming
votes by the Chicago Federation of
Labor last spring.
The Minnesota and Wisconsin
federations led the way for state
bodies ln July, followed by Washington state, Indiana and Nebraska in August. Utah fell in line in
September, and now Michigan has
followed suit.
Sponsors of the resolution here
anticipate a favorable vote at the
forthcoming Ohio and Illinois state
conventions.
The advocacy of amalgamation
by the Trade Union Educational
League, of which William Z. Foster Is secretary, has drawn forth
unqualified denunciation by Samuel
Gompers, president, A. F. of L.
The amalgamation movement has
gone particularly strong among the
state federations," says E. R. Browder in Labor Herald, organ of the
Trades Union Educational League,
ln the October issue. The movement haB taken "on such Impetus
tbat It has run far beyond the Immediate membership of the league.
Consequently many organisations
may have adopted, the proposition
without our getting to hear of lt."
As Indications of a tendency toward
amalgamation, Browder cites the
American Federation of Textile
Operatives, the signs of unity seen
ln^4.he boot and shoe industry, the
leaning of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America toward
one organisation In the needles
trade, and the 'attempted leadership of the International Typo-
\ graphical Union ln amalgamation
of the printing trades.
Unions Ignore Injunctions
—Measures Arc
Fantastic
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago—Ripping the Ud off the
anti-labor conspiracy ot the gov*
ernment and the rail executives, the
shopmen's unions ln federal court
here, showed how 26 bankers and
financiers dominated the industrial
life of the country, and how eight
of them conspired to smash the rati
Labor unions.
The demonstration was mnde by
affidavits, diagrams and charts In
the hearing before Judge Wilker-
son to determine whether the
Daugherty "open shop" Injunction,
forbidding every kind of active
strike measures such ns speeches,
picketing, messages of cheer, etc.,
should bc made permanent.
In an affidavit read to the court
In his absence, B. M. Jewell, president, railway employees department, A. F. of L., declared.
further state from my Intimate and detailed knowledge of all
mattors leading up to the suspension of work of July 1, 1922, and
events occurring since that date In
cosnectlon with said suspension of
work that snid. suspension of work
was forced upon the shoperaft employees by the concerted action of
the dominant group in the Association of Railway Executives, who
adopted, with the termination of
federal control, a deliberate anti-
labor union policy, and who
through the operations above described, were able to force the railway employees Into a position
where they were required to choose
either to"submit to the degrading
results of persistent efforts to destroy the effectiveness of their organizations and to disintegrate
them or to demonstrate by united
action und by the solidarity of their
action in support of their common
Interests that they are able to com
maud from thc railway executives
full and fair consideration of thcli
interests and rights as human .being, Including the right to receive
fair compensation for work performed and fair working conditions
and their right to negotiate ngree
ments through representatives of
their own choice with representatives of the employers, and to obtain adequate recognition of and
compensation for the Investment of
their lives in the transportation Industry."
Of the 26 financial key men dominant when . the anti-labor conspiracy was hatched, William
Rockefeller has since died; The
others are Robert S. Lovett, H. W.
De Forest, A. H. Smith, G. p. Baker, H. Si Vanderbllt, Samuel Rea,
L. P. Loree, A. J.County, A. W.
Krech, F. N. Davis, Fairfax Harrison. W. W. Atterbury, J. E. Reynolds, Charles Steele, Howard El-
lliott, M. H. Smith, Charles Hay-
den, A, H. Harris, Jnllus Krutt-
schnltt, Charles E. Ingersoll, E. T.
Stotesbury, E. V. R. Thayer, T. De
Witt Cuyler and H. Walters.
Tho first seven named were, with
Rockefeller, those dominant in the
railroad autocracy, the remnant of
which is attempting to pi-event the
spread of Individual settlements
with the shopmen. President A, H.
Smith, of tho New York Central
lines, has capitulated to the men
after a brief resistance.
The government is attempting to
show that interruption of interstate
commerce, with whatever laudable
pro-Labor motive, is criminal. Attorneys for the unions counter with
citations from the constitution, the
Clayton Act, the Each-Cummins
transportation act and the acknowledged rights of men to' cease work
and seek to better conditions.
No attempt on a large scale has
been made to enforce the temporary   Injunction   anywhere* in   th*
Communicates with Police
and  Has  Men
Arrested
By W. Francis Ahern
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
Brisbane, Queensland.—A plot to
bribe a Labor member of the
Queensland Parliament has been
exposed. Two journalists, acting
under instructions from Big1 Business interests, approached Labor
Member Frank Brennan and offered to pay him $17,500 if he would
vote against the Labor government
and throw it out of office.
At the time the offer was made
some of the Labor members were
absent through sickness, and one
vote would suffice to put the government out of office.
When the offer waa made to
Brennan, he communicated ■ with
the police, and arranged for detectives and shorthand writers to be
hidden In his home while he interviewed the two men offering the
bribe, and made arrangements (apparently) for the paying over of
the money.
On the day appointed to pay over
the money, the detectives were
close at hand, and at a signal from
Brennan arrested the two men.
When they were searched they
were found to be in possession of
the $17,600 in bonds and cash.
At the time of writing they are
before the courts charged with attempting to bribe Brennan—a
crime punishable under the criminal code of Queensland by seven
years' Jail.
The discovery of the plot, the
admission as to who is involved in
lt, and the arrest of the two men,
has caused a political sensation in
Queensland.
Miners Got Raise
Coeur D'Alene miners have had
their wages Increased from 60 to
76 cents per day, while the miners
of Bingham, Utah, have been successful in Increasing their wages
60 cents per day. The increases are
no doubt due to the organization
which is taking place among the
metalliferous miners of the Western States and the demands made
by the Butte miners for an increase
of $1.25 per day,
Washington — Revival of the
Cumberland Evening Leader, the
trade union dally published at
Cumberland, Md., is announced,
following the return to work at
that point of some 700 strikers under the settlement signed with the
Baltimore & Ohio road. It Is tho
organ of railroad men and coat
miners. When tbe strikers marched back to work, the strike-breakers, some 760 in number, decided
to quit. Except for a group which
wont over to the Western Maryland
Railway, which ls still under strike,
the non-union men were shipped
out of the region.
tan Francisco—The Machinists
Union of this city has adopted resolutions protesting against the arrest of William Z. Foster, on a
chnrge of violating the Michigan
criminal syndicalism law, as "a
part of the programme of the combined anti-union labor forces of
this country to crush organized labor and Its loaders, especially those
who would meet capital's attack by
a solid labor front."
British Writer Deals with Wtfch ami French Antag
onisms—Says Britain Fe*ra,Frepch Aeroplanes,
also Points to Difficulties in Enforcing of
Payment of Pebts
By H. N. BRAILSFQRD
A CONVERSATION may be Interesting-, in one or two ways.   Il may
be. interesting by reason of wliat ia said, or by reason of whut Is
suppressed.   It bas hitherto been the )«Wt or M. Poincare to develop
die dramatic possibilities of tbe latter < style.    The   conference   at
Genoa came near bursting from the violent efforts to suppress Uie
Immense number of Important things, which might not he ssld.
It Is not a healthy form of art.  It i* Macterlimk at a green table,
and Freud In polities.   On this occasion, also, one conceives tbe talk
that Is going on at this moment as a milled dialogue of sound and
silence,    Thsy ara talking debts,♦plain language, it amounted to this,
no doubt,    but ara thay talking """** ............... .
aeroplanes?
In this particular It must bs
admitted that for once we have
adopted M, Polncare's - peculiar
technique on our side of the Channel. Two very notable steps were
taken by way of preparation for
this talk. Lord Balfour wrote his
circular note. He published it to
the world, and It has been discussed in all languages of Babel.
Even the House of Commons found
time to debate it The other pre-.
paratory step, though It was no
less notable, has been passed over
ln significant silence. So deep was
the silence that some will be surprised when I mention it. It was,
of course, the announcement which
Mr. Lloyd George made on Thursday, that he proposes to add 600
new aeroplanes to our defensive
forces, ,. ,.
Afraid of a Break.
Hitherto we have talked with M.
Poincare at a disadvantage. He
has a conscript army. He . has
colored troops within call. He la
building submarines. He has built
aeroplanes. We lack most of these
things, and perhaps because
lack them it had become a habit
with most of us to assume that a
definite break ln the Entente Cor-
diale—ironical name!—which binds
us to France would be dangeroua
and disastrous. Dangerous to'
whom? We all said, of course,
that it would be dangerous to Germany. We rarely speak, or at
least print, all our thoughts.
If, to anyone I seem unduly cynical, let me quote a striking passage from a letter by the American
banker, Mr. Frank Vanderlip,
shrewd and liberal observer, In the
current Nation:
"What I believe ls the true reason for a semi-paralysis of British
action has come to me as the greatest shock of anything I have
learned ln Europe. Bulldog Eng*
land, with a history full of such
courage that she has seemed to
be afraid of nothing, ts today afraid
of a break with France, She fears
2,700 French aeroplanes, manned
by the most daring and skilful airmen In the world. She has 800,-
000 reasons for fearing French military force, for France has the most
formidable army in the world. She
fears that undersea fleet. ... It is
this fear that prevents England
from taking a course so strong as
to . result in a break with
France. . . ."
Mr. Vanderlip wrote a week before the Prime Minister's announcement. Five hundrod aeroplanes are not enough, not nearly
enough to equalize the disparity of
forco. But they are a beginning,
and these tools are quickly constructed.
Tlio Balfour Note.
Let us now interpret these two
measures in combination, What,
to begin with, did the Balfour note
say in effect? It said many thingB,
and of course It said them well,
for Its author is one of the ablest
minds of our time. But It said so
many things that not everyone has
fully grasped the ono vital, effective, actual thing which emerged.
It said that since America is steadfastly resolved to exact her debt
from us, we are going to collect an
equivalent amount from Europe.
The prefatory sentiments were admirable, the hypothetical generosity warmed the heart.... But,  in
thai' ire deihand £854,000,000 from
the Continent.
Now that ls a staggering in*
tlmation. No one, until thla week,
had taken, these debts seriously.
They figure up to £3,400,000,000,
but'.thts unimaginable sum weighed
on nobody's conscience and finance
ministers up and down Europe did
not.j_ej_.unt; it among the smallest
.and nfbst distant of their anxieties.
Wtt'rtduce it, to be sure, but we
als*L !intimate that we intend to
exa&rit. (That is a wholly new
situation. At the same moment we
begin fto linild aeroplanes,
'jQfbt-jftollectlng Difficulties
Exacting debts, as the French
should kpow, is not the most pac
ific business. From whom shall
we collect;this sum, and In what
propoirtionS? No one knows. From
Ruuirik, with the ruble at some tens
of millions (I forget how many)
to tbe pound? From Germany,
with, .the mark at 4,000 to the
pound? From Italy; from France?
Imagine where the franc and the
lira .Mil stand when we begin*
and* finish. The mere publication
of the note set all the exchanges
waltzing to perdition, and the
French, who had seemed at last
to be hearing reason, started talking sanctions again.
To put it bluntly, this courteous,
.cogent, high-toned note was about
the most mischievous thing which
anv .British statesman has perpe*
tnated^sirjee the treaty of Versailles
was .signed. We have lived amid
suoh tt procession of disasters since
1»14 {hat one despairs of finding
language to convey the impression
that this hour is what even the
black hoilra thut preceded it were
not^the immediate moment before
Irreparable ruin. Let me give an
illustration. I was in Vienna at
WhlUun,.and X changed £6 to 260,
000, kronen. On the eve of this
bahk'jhollday I could have bought
the ■sf.ipie number of kronen for £1
It is laughable, perhaps, but it is
also j'fagic. For It means that tomorrow, If not today, kronen will
not be exchangeable for any kind
of sound currency whatever.
| A Menace of Famine
Veil, and what then, Then food
can no longer be imported, and
Vienna will literally starve. Vienna,
to be sure, Is a big city, but Austria, you may say, ls very small.
Then, look at Germany. The mark
-has been falling quite steadily one
year behind the krone. The two
curyes run almost exactly parallel
with that time allowance. In
rather less than a year the mark
will be worth no more than the
krone today.    And then?
Then Germany, too will no
longer be able to import either
raw1.'materials or food. One feels
as men must have felt in the Volga
Va|)ey a. few months before tbe
harvest was due last year. They
counted the cracks in thc earth.
They saw the withering stalks.
Theyijnettsurod the inches of rainfall. "'/That curve of the mark predicts [famine no less surely.
In'this situation, it seems to me,
there'wuh one thing to be said on
the* subject of debts and reparations, ;.one.thing only, and with all
his subtlety It wns the one thing
which Lord Balfour neither said
nor hinted. The thing to say was,
ln plain and undiplomatic language, this: Force and fraud have
(Continued on page 4)
Of
Oppose   Competition
Technical School
Boys
" The regular meeting of Local452,
of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners on Tuesday
ovening, was the best attended
meeting for some time, and eight
new members were admitted.
Matters of interest to the followers of the carpenter trade were discussed, but the main discussion
centred around the report of the
Central Labor Council meeting of
last week, the members deciding
that they were opposed to the making of tables by the boys at the
Technical School, and the delegates to tho Trades and Labor
Council were Instructed to bring
this matter before the council for
further consideration. During the
discussion, it was claimed that the
boys were not only muking tables,
but were producing doors and sash
which were being used ln the city
schools.
Emphasis was laid on the next
meeting of the organization, which
is the quarterly meeting, and owing
to tho number which is expected to
attend the meeting, lt was decided
to take the O'Brion Hall to accommodate the members. The meeting
will be held on Monday, Oct. 0.
Delegates were elected to attend
the Union conference called by thc
Trades and Labor Council on Oct. 6,
and many matters of routine business were transacted.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
country, the unions Ignoring he
fantastic and drastic provisions
with Impunity.
MAKES ITS
ORGANIZED LABOR STRIKEBREAKERS RUSSIAN MASSES
Chicago   Federation
Labor Opposed
to Arrests
Federation of Minneapolis
Puts Up $1000 for
Dunne
Tha Chicago Federation of
Labor, by unanimous vote, adopted the following resoltuion In connection with the arrests In connection with the alleged Communist
convention held at Bridgeman,
Mich.:
"Whereas, the arrest of more
than a score of men noted for thetr
progressive views and activities in
the labor, movement on the charge
of violating the so-called 'Criminal
Syndicalist laws' of Michigan "creates a crilss that canont be Ignored
by anyone concerned In the maintenance of American civil rights or
ln the struggle of workers for a
decent standard of human rights;
and
"Whereas, The unlawful Invasion
of a public meeting and the indiscriminate arrest without warrants
or due process of law of men and
women and the cruel treatment of
union men and women by the police Is contrary to every principle
of American right and justice; and
"Whereas, the arrest of Wm. Z.
Foster and Earl Browder, members in good standing in recognized
trade unions of Chicago, Is an outrage and disgrace to every real
American, therefore, be It
Resolved, by the Chicago Federation of Labor, that we protest
against these unlawful practices
and declare our fullest confidence
in these men both as union men
and as peaceful citizens."
Minneapolis Also Opposed
The Minneapolis Federation of
Labor appropriated $1000 for ball
of William F. Dunne, one of the
Michigan victims, and adopted the
following resolution:
'Whereas, it appeara that certain progressive members of. t he
working class, including W, Z.
Foster and Wm. F. Dunne, are
being made the victims of an attack by certain labor-hating, labor-
baiting detectives reputed to be ln
government employ, and
"Whereas, such methods as are
being used both as regards action
by such officers ond publicity, as to
their actions, ure the ever-present
methods and tactics of tyranny, and
of financial tyrants and exploiters
in control of government;
Now, therefore, be it resolved
by the Minneapolis Trades and
Labor Assembly lhat we hereby
avail ourselves of the empty right
that we thought we reserved to
ourselves ln the constitution 'To
petition the government for redress
of grievances,' and hereby petition
the President of the United States,
and the Department of Justice to
assign William Burns and his able
coterie of thugs to the prosecution
of the financial plrntcs and profiteers, who during and Bince the
war have so enriched themselves
at the expense of the starving
workers und farmers, and to relieve
Wm. 'I. Foster, W. F. Dunne nnd
other representatives of the workers of the pleasure of their unscrupulous attentions."
Similar resolutions huve been
adopted by the Chicago Feedrntlon
of Labor and will he brought before every other centrnl labor body
in the land for their consideration.
ARE BULLIES
Associated  Press  Gives
Its Employees the
Straight Dope
New York—From no leas an au
thorlty than the Associated Preu
comes tho admission that the men
supplied by professional strikebreaking agencies are bullies and
thugs. Not, that the Associated
Press reporter or correspondent
should use one ot those words to
describe any strike-breaker ln any
of his stories he almost certainly
would be looking for another Job
the next day. But just between
the "world's greatest news gathering agency" and Its employees the
Information may, apparently, be regarded as "flt to print." .
It Is given among some news
writing suggestions recently sent
out by the Associated Press to its
correspondents, as follows:
"Look out for that word 'strikebreaker.' It is associated In the
publie mind with the bully or thug
supplied by professional strikebreaking agencies, and should not
be used to describe men who act individually In accepting positions.'
Which may explain why, in the
Associated Press articles on the
railroad strike, there not only
have been no thugs and bullies,
but no strike-breakers. They were
'replacement. men."
MINERS ALLIANCE
BE RESULT
OF
Always look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases.
Portland,   Ore.—The   I.   W.   W.f
and  the  International Longshore
men's Union of this city are plan
nlng a Joint strike on the docks.
Bloomington, 111.—A verdict thai
he "met accidental death, falling
into the pit and drowning," was
rendered in tho case of Tony But-
kls, a strike-breaker, whose body
was discovered when it was brought
up from a cinder pit in the Chicago
& Alton shopB by the clam shell
used to remove cinders. The pit
lies between two tracks, and It is
thought Butkls stepped in the
wrong direction after cleaning an
engine.
Katonah, N. Y. — Brookwood
Workers College opens here Oct. 6,
with 40 students, which is all that
can be accommodated. Eighteen of
the students are returning for second year courses. The rest were
selected from a large list of applicants recommended by trade unions
und other organizations. Courses
In Labor history and Labor problems and statistics have been added. David Saposs, Stacy May and
E. D. Martin are additions to ths
faculty.
Seattle—Union mine workers who
havo been on strike since March.
1921, and have established the
mine colony of Unlontown near
Newcastle, recently turned out In
full force and built a schoolhouse
for their children when the county
declared lt had no funds for the
work. School district funds,were
exhausted by the regular school In
Newcastle, attended by children of
strike-breakers, The total property
valuation of Newcastle is onty
|172,000 despite the rich coal property of the Pnclflc Coal Co.
Portland, Ore.—At the Episcopalian convention here prelates tell
about the rapid spread of Bolahe
vlsm i in China, conscription In
French Africa and "spiritual unen
Hglltenment" at home.
; Berlin—Union of thc Majority
Socialist'and Independent Socialists
at ibo convention in Nuremberg
Sept. .24  la  forecast.
Both Vorwaerts and Rote Fahne
de^jitc a page a week to working
elate athletics.
Berne, Switzerland—Switzerland
has'about 400,000 factory workers,
of wb»m &2.000 are now out of
employment. This is explained by
the fact that Swiss manufactures
nrt_f mostly articles of luxury, which
poverty-stricken Europe can not
afford to buy. Another reason assigned is the fact that several surrounding countries, among them
especially Germany, have Issued orders forbidding the Importation of
.Swiss wares, so as not to compete
with; tlio home product. The cost
of lining ha* advanced 50-60 per
cent, over pre-war times.
Bloomington, 111,—Disappointed
in'the sxpectation of an overflow
of Hoiks at the shops here, the Chicago & Alton Railroad Co. nn-
ndontjes that its striking shopmen
above! 45 years of age are given
until I Sopt. 21- to return to work,
Snd nfter that date the 46-year nge
limit-will be rigidly enforced. PnBt
privileges enjoyed by the strikers,
the announcement states, will not
be curtailed if the men return to
werkj but their seniority will date
ftom .the t(me of thcir reemployment; The announced policy would
mean that all strikers above 4fi
years of age, refusing to scab, will
not bo re-employed.
Next    Dance   Set    for
Friday, October
20th
The first of the whist drives and
dun-en to be held during the winter season by the label committee
of the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, held at the Cotillion Hall
on Tuesday night, was a decided
success.
There was a good crowd on
hand, those who do not step the
light fantastic step, were uble to
tuke part in the whist drive, and
good prizes were provided for the
winners. The feature of this part
of the entertainment was the fact
that three men tied for ilrst place,
their relative positions were finally
arranged and the result was us follows: First prize, gents, A, F. Reld;
second prize, gents, H. Nelson,
while J. D. Gow took the booby
prize. Two ladles tied for first
place. Mrs. A. Cooper being finally
awarded the first prize, while Mrs.
Petrie and Mrs. Hardy took tho
second und booby prizes.
The special pi tee, a union suit,
to be made by Perry & Dolk, union
tailors, wus won by Mr. Armstrong.
The ..ommlttee which had charge
of the uffulr, left nothing undone
for the comfort nnd entertainment
of those attending, the refreshment
committee excelling alt previous
efforts.
The next dunce will bc held in
the Alexander Pavilion, corner of
Robson and Hornby streets, on
Friday, October 20. This dunce
hall ls considered to bc second to
none in town, and the committee Is
looking forward to an even greater
success for the next whist drive
and dance and a further boost to
tho union label.
United Mine Workers and
British Miners Consider Project
Object Is to Prevent Coal
Being Sent in Case
of Strikes
By Harry Godfrey
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Atlantic City, N. J.—The Importation of British-mined coal to assist In breaking any future coal
mine strike In America will become
impossiblo If a proposed alliance
between the coal mine unions of
this country and Great Britain Is
carried out. Suoh a project, it has
been learned, not only is under a
consideration between officials of
the United Mine Workers of
America and the Miners' Federation of Groat Britain, but a conference of representatives of the two
miners' unions is being arranged
for an early date.
The announcement is made by
William Green, secretary-treasurer,
U. M. W. A., who has been attending the meeting of the executive
council, A. F. of L., here. Members of the A. P. of L. executive
council also have expressed approval of thc proposal.
Mutual AM
The allanee, if completed, would
enable the coal miners of Great
Britain and the United States to
aid each olher in time of strike,
and not only would be designed to
prevent the exportation of British
coal to America at such times, but
would contemplate the prevention
of American cool exports to Great
Britain to help break a strike of
the British  miners.
The suggestion, Green suid, came
from Frank I lodges, secretary of
the British union, aB u result of
correspondence about British coal
shlped here during thc recent coat
mine strike.
"We were agreeably surprised to
receive the suggestion," Mr. Green
said. "The suggestion for a conference will be submitted to our
executive board next month, and
probably acted  upon.
"I do not believe the 'thousands
of tons'of British coal which came
to this country during the last
strike had nny effect, but I took
thc matter up with the ofllclals of
the British Miners' Federal lon und
tbey appeared to want to eo-uper-
ato,"
Important Factor
If such an alliance is perfected,
the attitude of the marine und
transport workers of Brituin and
the United States will he nn important factor, lf the unions of
these workerB become parties to
such an arrangement, the exportation from either country in time
of strike even of non-union coul
could  be effectively stopped.
Lnbor union officinls nre of the
opinion lhat an alllnnco Riich as
that under consideration if successfully carried out, would be one
of the most formidable labor forceB
in the world. The U. M. W. A. has
approximately 600,000 members,,
while the British Miners' Federation has a membership of about
1,000,000. Tho latter organization.
Green said, has sent a cheque for
$22,000 to tho U. M. W. A. to help
defray the expenses of the recent
strike here.
Herbert Smith, acting president,
Miners' Federation of Great Britain, who attended the 1922 Cincinnati convention of the A. F. of
L, ns a fraternal delegate from the
British Trnde Union Congress, was
quoted nt Cincinnati us huving said
that closer CO-Operation was needed to protect the mutual Interests
of the American nnd the Hritish
miners' organlzaionn.
Ifl
Frank P. Walsh Gives fiis
Impressions of Workers' Republic
Organized Labor Is the
Basis of AU
Activities
(By the Federated Press)
Washington—"Russia hu gone
to state capitalism, the state own*
fng the land, the essential industries, the large factories, the railroads—with the control in the
hands of the working men and
working women,"
Frank P. Walsh, roHner chairman of tbe war labor board, thus
sums up his ■/»bservattons made
during a business trip to Moscow,
Smolensk and the Volga valley in
July and August. He has returned
convinced that the Russian people
will soon .have rebuilt their industrial plants and restored the properties ruined during eight years of
war. He found the mosses ardent- '
ly devoted to the Soviet government in spite of the fact that tho
new economic policy has permitted
speculators to return and grow
fat.
Volga land Good
"I travelled 600 miles Into the
Volga valley, and found the rich
harvests almost gathered," he said
to The Federated Press. "Theso
Volga lands are equal to the best
Mlssisslpl bottom lands—black soil
that produces heavy yields. Yet,
because the famine last year resulted ln the killing for food of all
domestic animals, even to the dogs,
not enough land could be cultivated
by hand thla season, and there will
be suffering before the next harvest.
'Rail transportation is good on
the main lines, snd bad on branch
roads. Oreat shops are now repairing the locomotives and training boys from all over Russia ln
repair and construction work on
engines. At the frontier stations
I saw 30 to 40 new Oerman locomotives coming In. The United States
could furnish this rolling stock If
our attitude toward "Russian trade
were different.
"Banking In Russia has all been
nationalised, and ln Moscow I met
the director 'of the Moscow state
bank, working devotedly and willingly for (100 a month in place of
the (20,000 to 130,000 a year he received when director of a Moscow
bank which before the revolution
had 1500 branches throughout
Russia, They exchange money on
cable rates received dally from
London and Paris. Facilities are
as good as In either of thlse cities.
My Brown Brothers letter of credit
was recognized In Moscow precisely as In western Europe, and I
was paid my draft In American
currency.
Factories Opened
"Factories are being reopened. A
cotton textile mill in Moscow that
had _500 employees before the
war now employs 6000 people. They
have taken the big while palace of
the former owner, np on the hill,
and administer and maintain it
through a committee of tenants.
The hovels from which these mill
(Continued on page I)
BANKERS PUT
Vancouver, Wash.—The Methodist convention here condemned the
criminal syndicalism laws and advocate their repeal.
Would Like to See Conviction of Herrin
Miners
Chieugo.—Fifty thouaund dollars
to secure convictions of Illinois
union miners hns been set by the
Illinois Chamber of Commerce as
the new goal for Its Herrin fund.
The ante was raised from 125,000
when the bunkers and manufacturers went gallantly over the top ln
thc untl-iubor drive and poured in
$31,000 to nuance Attorney-General Edward S. Brundage's part In
the prosecution. It in rumored
that Brundage will be tho business
candidate for governor against
Smalt.
The campaign, so lenders of the
Illinois chamber tell the Manufacturers' News, has proved to be one
of (he most enthusiastic ever put
on by the association. The response
to the nppeul was immediate und
satisfactory.
Already 21 cities in Illinois have
reached their quota and sent in the
money. They are: Aurora, Albion,
Bridgeport, Centrnlfa, Charleston,
Danville, Gibson City, Havana,
Hlghlund, Kankakee, l,a Grnnce,
LaHallc, Uiwrenrevllle, Morris, Mt.
Vernon, Nupcrville, Peoria, Pontine, Rockford. Sycamore and Tuscola, . Others ure putting on campaigns now.
Many sorts of organizations havo
engaged In the work; Chambers of
Commerce, Manufacturers' associations, Botary clubs, Kiwanis
clubs and other business and professional organisations. A number
of cities in other slates have written lu asking for an opportunity to
put on campaigns. The reply has
been, however, thnt Illinois Is able
to and should tnke care of her own
misdeeds. A number of cheques
sent in by individuals Trom other
states hnve been accepted and
thnnks returned to the donors-
One dollar and fifty cents Is the
cost for a six months subscription
«lo the FwUraitonlst *r PAGE TWO
FOURTEENTH YEAR.    NO. 84
BRITISH COLOMBIA FEDERATIONIST vAwoinrwt. a a
FRIDAY September 2j. IM
IIM COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
Business Office:    1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office:    Koora 30C, 319 Pender Street West
Editorial Bourd:    P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands,
J, M. Ciark, Georgo Bartley.
Subscription Rates: United Statea and Foreign, $3.00
per year; Canada, 12,50 per year, $1.50 for six
months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Unity of Labor:   The Hope of the World
FRIDAY _. September 29, 1922
The Near East and the Conflicting Imperialistic Interests
^AR IS IMMINENT. War is certain, and
again war is averted, and onco again war
is almost certain, have bcen tho features of the
news from thc near cast during the past week.
Meanwhile, thc average person is bewildered
by the kaliedoscopic nature of the "news,"
which has appeared in tbe daily press, so varied
has it bcen that even thc Vancouver Daily Sun
has noted that all the news is propaganda conveyed to thc public by the interested powers
for their own particular purposes, '
• *     e       '
The people were told some few days ago that
the Turks were responsible for the burning of
Smyrna, on Wednesday the press carried a
news item to the effect that it wai the Greeks
themselves who were responsible fjr this destruction. In the meantime, chaos reigns in the
Balkans, and it would appear that even more
rulers than Coiistantine would have to abdicate
before the situation is cleared.
• *      *
Great Britain demands the freedom of thc
Dardanelles, has been a feature headline for
many weeks in thc press of this country, but
we learn that Kemal has stated that this will be
aesured, and to back up his statement, and to
prove that he means what he says, he has
stated in an interview that Turkey has never
considered thc question of the Straits as a
national question, but as an international one;
he further clinches his argument by the following statement:
"Besides, as you know, there Is the treaty with
Russia under which Turkey guarantees to tuke thto
point of view towardu Russia, tho Ukraine, Georgia,
etc. After this statement we can easily see that the
alarming pronouncements from the British government that we might close the straits are baseless.
Tt is humane and a duty toward the peace of the
world to make known the real meaning of the English statement regarding the straits and their
closing."
e * *
Thc cause of the struggle in the near east is
the rivalries of France and Great Britain for
thc exploitation of Asia Minor. Russia has
also played a part. Great Britain, now so
anxious or apparently ao, for the freedom of
the Dardanelles, does not want the Straits open
to all, but docs desire to have them closed when
the occasion arises to the powers whieh she
thinks will be innmical to her interests, and this
includes Busaia.
• *      *
Aa stated last week, the people of Asia Minor
(re not engaged in any struggle of their awn,
Mit in a straggle started by two imperialistic
bowers for the privilege of exploiting the oil-
fields of Asia Minor. After pointing out the
connections which France had with Turkey, a*
a result of the Angora treaty of 1921, entered
ihto between Turkey and France, a writer of
bote in Europe point* out that this treaty gave
France an excellent opportunity of bringing
pressure to (war on the British government
every time • revolt was threatened against the
French reparations policy. The writer in question turns up the situation as it existed in the
early days of September, in the following
words:
"Lloyd Oeone attempted again and again by
means of Entente conferences to remove this dan-
tereua source et conflict. It was just as futile aa
similar attempts nude ia regard to. the German or
Russian questions. The last Oriental conference met
on tho 26th of March ot this year in Parts. Fresh
"peace conditions" were put forward there for terminating ths G-reco-TurkMt war. They already betokened the surrender of the Sevres Treaty by Bag-
land. The Turks, it Is true, were to rocelve Smyrna,
but wtth unendurable restrictions: they were to receive back Constantinople, but under the control of
an international, i. o„ English commission; Adrla-
nople, the centre of European Turkey, was ultimately to be handed over to Greece. The Turks,
instigated by France, refused these proposals. Greece
too,, was dissatisfied with the Impairment of the Sevres Treaty. Tlie decisions of the Purls Oriental
conference Intensified the Anglo-French conflict.
This fact was strengthened when some weeks ago.
Greek troops landed at Rodoato and threatened to
advance on Constantinople nloiiB lhe Tchataluah line.
f_lnc« the time of the armistice, Constantinople has
beea under tho control of the Entente, lt is occupied by English, French and Kalian troops. England, however, lias file upper hand. The Hritish
general Harrington, is oflkiallj In command or all
the Allied forces. The Turks announced that they
would reply to the Greek advance with a general
assault upon the straits and Constantinople. Through
the close co-o|>e.ation between France and Turkey,
therefore, there exists the danger of a direct collision between the English anil their Greek proteges
on the one hand, and the Turks and the French on
the other. Everyone can imagine what an enormous
world political danger exists in this formation."
Wc thus sec that while thc press blows hot
and then cold towards war, and thc propaganda
is more or less of a see-saw proposition, the
world today is facing a situation that may again
plunge Kurope into another bloody struggle,
and not his time for freedom, but for oil and
the exploitation of Asia Minor.
Thrift and the Profits Wrung
from the Farmers
A RECENT issue of the Christian Science
** Monitor calls our attention to James A.
Patten, who at one time played a largo part
in thc manipulating of thc grain market. It
will bc remembered that in the year 1909, this
worthy gentleman, who started his operations
on the corn market with $2500, hardly sufficient to purchase a farm of any value, and insufficient to equip onc with thc latest machinery for agricultural purposes, bought some
30,000,000 bushels of wheat. Still later, in the
year 1912, he cleaned up a cool two millions
on an accumulation of 12,000,000 bushels of
corn.
*      *      *
The usual apologist for the present system,
ch  is  redtfting the average  farmer  to
penury, will inform the producers of wheat
and other agricultural products, that if they
were only more thrifty and worked harder
they would become more prosperous. The
farmer, however, who works harder than
most folks imagine, and who works his wife
and children from sun up to sundown, will, if
he is of an enquiring turn of mind, ask how
can I work harder and how can I be more
thrifty than I amt For he never has any
money to spend, and all he earns, after providing himself with the barest necessities, has to
be turned over to the individual or corporation
which has a mortgage on his farm, or to thc
implement trust, which supplied him with the
tools of production.
«      *      at
But Mr. Patten was not thrifty, nor was he
industrious, that is, in so far as the production
of wheat was concerned, when he made his
pile. He manipulated the market from an
office building which most likely never harbored a bushel of wheat. Yet this man was
able to purchase the wlieat and sell it and
make a profit by so doing. In fact, his profits
were so enormous that they were the talk of
the entire world when he reaped in the fruits
of the unpaid labor of the wealth producers.
♦ *      *
Bot Mr. Patten, while not actively engaged
on the grain market any longer, is a large
shareholder in banks and financial corporations, and his profits are still rolling in. He is
not at the head of any industrial organization
directing its operation, but his wealth gives
him the power to still draw from tlie workers
of all kinds the surplus wealth which they
create. This is capitalism. It is the system
which starves the farmer and givos him a
steady job. It is the form of society which
starves the industrial worker because he cannot get a job, and if he does, all he gets out
of it is the barest existence while working.
* #      *
The farmer imagines that if the city worker
would only work cheaper and be "more reasonable" in his demands from his masters, then
the farmers' position would be easier, while the
city worker inns away with the idea that he
is paying too much for his foodstuff and thc
products of the farm. They both lose sight of
thc fact that it is not the workers, cither industrial or agricultural, who are doing the
gouging, but that the same interests skin thc
fiair of them. When they realize this, they
will organize on a common basis, and with a
class concept of their position in society, sweep
the parasites who live and fatten on thcir
sweat and misery from the position which they
now hold.
Mary and Dong, and the People's
Taste in "Art"
IF there is a place on this earth which is supposed to be more disposed to the enforcing
of law and order, than Vancouver, wc have yet
to hear of it. In faet, when the workers in
d*ys gone by quit work because they did not
like thc treatment handed out to their fellow
workers in the City of Winnipeg, tho lovers
of law and order made it known to all and
sundry by a display of force in the shape of
machine guns, that law aud order—their law
and order,—would be maintained even if blood
had to bc shed in the enforcing of it.
* *      *
Last winter the idle workers were told that
they could not hold demonstrations, ag it was
feared the peace would be disturbed, bnt during the week, law and order were swept into
the discard, and that holy of holies, private
property, was outraged. As it was not "our"
property, we feel that the workers will not feel
any misgivings beeause of this sacrilege, but
will view the situation with due calmness.
* *.      »
But why was the peace of our city disturbed. Was it beeause there was a labor
demonstration, or because of a strike. Oh, no,
dear reader, but we had two people in our
midst whose position and actions have given
them salacious headlines in thc press, and thc
screen played a minor part in their notoriety.
They were no less than Mary Pickford and
Douglas Fairbanks, who reap great benefit by
posing and, acting for the benefit of people
who inhabit a world which George Bernard
Shaw has suggested is used as a mad house
for the rest of the worlds in thc cosmos.
* #     *
We were told on Wednesday morning that
gates were torn down, and windows smashed.
This exuberance of spirits on the part of a law-
abiding and loving people is passing strange,
for so far as we can sec the objeots of this
"joyous" reception have never done half as
much for the advancement of huvtan society as
did Hulet M. Wells, who on his ti'rival in the
City of Vancouver to speak on behalf of the
starving Russians was kindly but (irmly seized
by the immigration officers and returned to
thc land which is thc home of Doug and Mary
as well as of the free.
* *      *
Capitalism has, however, developed many
strange things. It has developed a stale of
mind In the people which is passing strange,
and to emphasize this point wc again quote
Bernard Shaw, who in discussing the theatre,
stated:
"Wellington said that an army moves
on its belly. So does a London theatre.
Beforc a man acts he must cat. Before he
perforins plays he must pqy rent. In
London wc have no theatres for the welfare of thc people; they arc all for the
sole purpose of producing the utmost obtainable rent for thc proprietor. If the
Twin Flats and thc Twin Beds produce a
guinea more than Shakespeare, out goes
Shakespeare and in come the Twin Flats
and the Twin Beds. If the brainless bevy
of pretty girls and the funny man outbid
Mozart, out goes Mozart."
* #     #
Wc might bc permitted to add to the words
of Shaw, and say that the people who tore
down the gates at the C. P. R. Depot to facilitate thc seeing of thc exponents of modern
"art" have evidently fallen in line with those,
who have destroyed all that resembles real
talent in the interest of greater profit and degraded tastes. Exit art, Mary and Doug visit
nur fair city, and the people demonstrate their
lack of cither sense or tho fitness of things.
i ■ , - , ii.n.M".", tee .. ,-,ii,i,,m , ,n,ii
The Rise and Fall of the Entente
(Continued from laat Tjfeek)
'   By *J. T. WALTOX XEWBOLD   ■■ hmi ■» i ■«» »■ »« ■■■■»*
and  Holland   and   Prance.     Here' *gl$*_ capital, to unite in one pro-
While London, England, is placarded with
"no more war" Signs, wo have not. noticed that
the workers on tliis continent are preparing to
resist being slaughtered for oil instead of liberty. Will the Canadian Congress give thc
Canadian workers the lead?
It—ECONOMIC  ORIGINS
T-HE multiplicity of political frac-.
* tlons which haa rendered the,
Interplay of French affairs''almost
unintelligible to the-English observer, and which has now beeft modified very consUcrably by the formation of the "Bloc National," had
a bat.it- in the economy of the Third
Republic.
The Home of the Bourgeoisie
France is, and has for a century
been, the fountain head of bourgeois democracy.
It has been thus, the nursery and
school house of middle class pontics,- because it has been the one
country in which material conditions have made for the survival of
tbe middle class ae the dorainent
class.
Capitalism in France grew up In
and has continued to draw its substance from an economy of land
cultivation and the working up for
the market of the produce of the
farm, the field and the vineyard.
Thus in ita earlier stages (1. e„
in the 18th century) French capitalism was a stronger and richer
growth than its English and Scottish contemporaries.
Fortified by these resources, the
bourgeoisie of France tried conclusions with the autocracy and its
landlord supporters and, in the
great revolution, swept them away
and built up a new political cystem
on the razed ruins of the old. '
Immediately thereafter, it sought
under the eagles of Bonaparte; to
recover the fields of exploitation
which It had lost by reason of'the
ineptitude of the later Bourbons,
and its absorption In the revolutionary struggle.
It failed. It failed heroically under the spectacular leadership of
Napoleon the Great. It Called less
conspicuously but none the less
surely under the Restoration, and
under the rule of Louis Phillpe. It
failed inelo-dramatifuilj; under Napoleon the Little. It tailed obscurely in the earlier years of this, the
Third Republic.
The reasons for this failure—long
drawn out and productive of so
much discontent within and disturbance without—were not to be
sought tn the political crises and
upheavals which accompanied it.
Cotton and Corn   .
The French bourgeoisie failed in1
the 20th century because,, after the1
industrial revolution in Britain'
(which occurred simultaneously'
with their political revoultfoh) tha
materia] basis of British production became bedded Jn Just that
prime neceaalty in which France is,
so conspicuously lacking—coal.
Not only had and has France
very inadequate supplies ot eoal,
but those she has lie In scattered
fields, remote from her iron* mlnen
and distant, also, from good harbors and navigable waters.
Moreover, the great cotton manufacturers upon which the liberal
bourgeoisie of Lancashire and the
west of Scotland grew rich and
prospered so exceedingly, took
their rise just at the very time
when the blockade prevented the
French obtaining adequate supplies
of cheap raw material. Thus the
French cotton manufactures labored under an enormous initial handicap. Furthermore, there has
been no heavy Import of foodstuffs
in France to foster a big export of
finished articles. The textile man-.
ufacturers at Uie north have had to
depend on sources of raw material
dominated by British capital. Cotton has contributed much, directly
and indirectly, to the establishment
«f the Entente.
Credits ond Colonies
Then, at successive periods, British financial houses have, -dene a
great deal to help French governments to stabilise themselves.- The
Restoration In ISM drew upon the
Barings, The men who Imposed
thcir will upon Louis Phili-»pe In
188*9 were financed by the Kothtt-
chlldo ©r-hy the Liberal Catholics
who had financed Daniel O'Connell
and Catholic emancipation. Other
British bourgeois lined their nest in
aid or Napoleon III.
When In 1848 not only did the
Liberal l>ourgeoisie of the Rhine-
land fait to set up a German Republic financed and rule*.: by
Frankfurt capitalists, but thtf.:process of unification under Prussia
made Berlin and Dresden of more
importance, many of the Radical
bourgeois hived off -to Antwerp,
London, Liverpool and Paris.
These gentry became very powerful in tbe Third Republic. They
were cosmopolitans. They were an
influence making for solidarity between Britain, France nnd Belgium.
They desired Uie overthrow of the
Bmudcn burgers' Kateer and a
bourgeois alliance of republics run
by and In the Interest of bankers.
'n tho Third Republic, Gnmbet-
ta, Rouvler nnd Palnleve successively pursued the aim or establishing an entente with the LiberaTaml
the Ltbei'iil Unionist bourgeoisie of
Great Britain. , js,
Such wero the deepening ciujrents
which made for co-operation" with
Britain, with Liberalized Britain,
as a definite principle of French
bourgeois statecraft.
Not. howevor, until the Monarchist-Clerical-Nationalist reaction
had finally beon pulverized into acceptance of the Republic na k fait
accompli was It possible to set
about deliberately to cement fin alliance with the State ln whostf Empire and whoso spheres of influence the banking oligarchy of Republicanism nnd Radicalism had so
many milliards of francs invested.
Because of their material interests in the Rand, in Egypt, In Argentina and in tho strategically exposed areas of Madagascar anfi'In-
do-China, tho bankers (whose
agont wns Rouvler) made an' entente with Britain,
Not only so, but In 1898 it become
obvious to all the parties of the
French bourgeoisie thnt In opposition to Britain they could not hope
to extend their Empire.
But tho year that saw Fashodn
saw, also, the passing through tho
Reichstag of the first German navy
law.
The logic of the situation was
plain. The lessons of history wore
obvious.
Here was the hereditary enemy
of the seas challenged by the hereditary enemy of the land. Here
was Britain challenged by Oermany
aa sho had boen of old by Spain
were the two great industrial capitalist powers coming into conflict.
Coal aud Iron
These two rivals were each rivals
of France. They were each more
powerful than her in this stage of
economic development by reason of
the fact that they had what she
lacked. They had coal and iron in
abundance and organised industries
reared upon the exploitation of
both In conjunction.
France needed to gain control of
coal and iron.
As yet she scarcely understood
the immeasurable potentialities of
the iron-ore fields of Normandy
and Anjiu, but she had jyet begun
to appreciate the riches and to exploit the ore field of Briey.
The latter field was, besides, a
part of the great Luxemburg-Lorraine field, exploited and contributing almost the whole nativo supplies of ore to Germany.
It was, however, on the very
frontier.
It was necessary to bring Briey,
to bring the whoie field, back behind the frontier of France, safe
behind .the guns of French fortresses.
Britain was in need of Iron ore.
Britain was jealous of Germany's
competition In the steel trade. Britain was jealous of Germany's increasing coal exports.
France had one important coalfield, but this was only part of a
larger field underlying both her
own soil and that of Belgium. It
was, moreover, a field that con-
tinued eastward and emerged again
in the Ruhr valley. It woula be
possible, by arrangement with Bel-
ductlve system the colliery industries of the Nord, the Pas de Calais and Belgium,
This arrangement could, however, only be Arrived at in conflict
with the German capital already
involved in Its development and by
agreement with Great Britain, the
friend and patron of Belgium.
To safeguard the Nord—producing three-quarters of her coal—
and the Meurthe and Moselle—
producing nine-tenths of her iron
ore—as welt as to extend the areas
of exploitation was possible If only
she eould pick a quarrel with Germany in which she could throw one
great industrial rival ngainst the
other.
France learned tbe lesson of Fa-
shoda and set herself to teach
Great Britain, who never needs
much Instruction in such cases, the
lesson of the German navy law.
First, Germany must be destroyed and, if possible, argued the bourgeoisie, the typical bourgeoisie of
France, dispossessed of both her
iron and her coal. Then, Britain,
weakened in the struggle, might be
overwhelmed in a second conflict
with the already powerful and Increasingly ambitious Empire of the
United States.
Cold, calculating, relentless, ruthless, inexorable logic of the most
true-to-type bourgeoisie in all the
world, logic such as we are familiar with as the logic of M. Poincare, mathematician, premier of
France and tool of the Comite des
Forges, is it not thun that the haute
banque, t. e.. French high finance,
may have argued it out amongst its
own experts and advisers?
(To be continued)
LONDON LETTER
By Evelyn Sharp
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
LONDON, Sept 6.—Tha decision
of the Trade Union Congress
to increase the assessment on its
members for publicity and to
enable the Labor party to take
over the Daily Herald as Us official
organ, has more than a party or
even a national significance.
That the British Labor party
should have at least one doily
newspaper devoted to the interests
of the workers is essential for British labor; and If this is not possible through an independent paper,
auch as the Dully Herald has beea
until now, the next best alternaUve
is an official labor organ. The
Dal ly Herald has struggled since its
fighting start as a strike leaflet ia
1911. Almost alone among European countries, Great Britain cannot boast of a working class sufficiently intelligent to run and support newspaper* of its own, but
prefers the poison provided in ihe
ordinary press.
The new editor, H. Hamilton
Fyfe, has a sound jearnalistlc
reputation behind him, united to a
recent conversion to labor ideals.
The man who has been mainly instrumental in bringing about the
change In the Herald fortunes ia
George Lansbury, perhaps tbe moat
beloved leader In the labor ranks,
though he would prefer to think of
himself as a comr.ide. His resignation of the editorship will free
him for his many activities outside
a newspaper ofllce that havo suffered from his recent absorption in
journalism.
The 54th Trade Union Congress,
meeting at Southport, represented
with Its 800 delegates the Industrial side of the labor movement.
But it was by no means neglectful
of the political side of the movement. Tlie strong resolution It has
passed on the European situation
shows a statesmanship which, if
labor had not been excluded from
Versailles in lfile, might have
averted much of the present chaos
on tho continent. Labor's international policy as here outlined demands the abandonment of the occupation of the Rhine and of the
policy of force, asks time for the
payment by Germany of reparations, and for an Invitation to Germany nnd Russia tojoin the League
of Nations on an equality with
other nations. The resolution
urges the French people to adopt
a polley of truat towards the German republic, to reconsider the
plans for *he reconstruction of the
French devastated areas made by
Germany and accepted by French
labor but rejected by French capitalism, and to Join in support of all
those who believe in a reconstituted and -ill-Inclusive league of
nations, pursuing a policy of progressive universal disarmament.
Deliberately we say that, God.
helping us, thero will be no next
timeV said thc Archbishop of Canterbury in his sermon on war to
thc delegate* «f the Leaguo of Nations, assembled at Geneva. Well.
one can only hope that when "next
Ume" Is again foreshadowed in tho
haneelleries the ehurch will come
out boldly in defense of CbrlsUan
principles. There was perhaps a
greater safeguard against war In
tho appenl to mothers of Mrs.
Coombe Tennant; the British woman delegate to tho assembly, exhorting them to remember wht Internationalism did to tbem in tho
war and to take an interest henceforth ln international affairs,
Tho European situation has been
very slightly relieved by the compromise arrived at by tho reparations commission, which at least
delays a settlement which would
force France's hand. What will become of Turkey's defeat of the
Greek nrmy in Asia Minor has yet
to bo seen.
'   In Ireland guerilla warfare continues, but over all tho happenings
in that unsettled country hangs the
shadow of past wrongs. The decision of the acting chairman of the
provisional government, William
Cosgrove, to summon parliament
and his assurance to the Irish
Labor party that the latest postponement was caused only by the
deaths of the late president of Dail
Eirann and of the chairman of the
provisional government (Arthur
Griffiths and Michael Collins) has
reassured the national executive of
the Labor party for the time being,
and the resignation of labor members is held over.
Seattle—Refusal to aid Russia's
recovery and the continued persecution of political prisoners In this
country were tbe two Issues stressed
by Senator William E. Borah of
Idaho, in a message to Seattle Labor. Revision of the Versailles
tiouty, the application of the best
economic opinion to the settlement
of industrial controversies at home f
and a lighter emphasis on the reputed efficiency of court orders and
arbitration in strikes were also
main points ln his letter.
Yakima, Wash.—Thousands of
tons of the world's finest cantaloupes have rotted on the ground
this year (n the great Yakima frutt-
ralslng valley because growers can
not get a price to reimburse them
for picking, crating and hauling to
the railroad. Farmers are willing
to market the fruit for little or no
profit, but high freight rates and
the demand by middlemen of high
profits is blocking the entire trafflc.
NEW FALL
MODES
of rare charm and beauty
—reasonably priced.
The work of expert designers hi our own factory—copied trom fashion
leaders.
Famous Fwnl"ka
To U'oarer
123 HASTIKOS ST...
Drugless Healing
Downie
Sanatarium Ltd.
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Oor. Hastings and Richards
Phones: Sey. -SOS, High. 2UHL
To our many friends nnd patrons
wo wl*h to say we aro still at ths
samo address, doing tho snme
worlt, and still getting results.
Why I Because WE havo tho best
equipment on the Pacific Coast nnd
know just huw to use It. Our
syitem eml-tticcs evory system or
method used by anyone unywhera
in tho practice ol DRUGLESS
therapeutics.
It costs nothing to Investigate and prove these asaor-
tloni*  so  why don't  yout
"LAID OFF"
Two Short Words, Hrtrffflns (lie Gulf Item-ran
COMFORT mill POVERTS
Hnve ynu prntwinrl y__T_olf .nd yonr family agaUiit Buch nn rmfi-K.nof,
wltli . SAVINGS ACCOU-IT— IA, moit valuable Asset a man cun have ior
lhe "UAI-IY IUr."
Wc KTKONlll.Y KECOIIMEUD ,ea le Blurt inch en ncconnt AT ONOB,
ot mn' of onr City Brunches.
HASTINOS and SEYHOUB On. 1. Her-Hon, Manager
Oordova aad Abhott llaU ul 26th An. Main and Broadway
WHEHE TOU WILL EBOEIVE PBOMPT AND COURTEOUS ATTENTIO!.
Union Bank of Canada
I'.N. -Tf you aro living in s community not provided with Banking facilities, address un by mail, snd wo will be glkd to guide yoa in respect to
"BanJring by Will."
■JU      ■yr-y-fi
Swagger Coats
For Women and Misses
Ideal for Everyday Service
$19.50 to $29.50
REPRESENTED in this worthy collection are
just the sort of coats one would select for
street, business, motor or travel—smart looking
garments of good quality and attractively
tailored. There are tweeds and soft finished
fabrics in popular brown tones, green, grey, tans
and heather mixtures; made with raglan
sleeves; novelty, slit, or patch pockets; convertible collar and smartly belted; all sizes—$19.50
to $29.50.
—Drysdale'a Women's Dress Shop, Third Floor,
Store opera st 8 a.m., and closes at ( p.m.
575 OranvUlt Btreet
BE SUBB 1<SV OET
VAN BROS.
when you Ask for
— CIDER—
and Non-alcoholic wlnas of all
UNION MEN'B ATTENTION
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND
NANAIMO
Klndllnc Frac
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANY
1440 GRANVILLE far. UK
Mainland
Cigar Store
110 GABKALL STHEBI
TmriACBFOBKWM
Ring np Phona Seymour MM
lor ai/polataiaol
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite SOI Dominion Bonding
VANCOUVER, a a
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
IIM
«__4ar Mni-w, U ua. ud 7.10 ».__
BudW    labial    I«_n__ll-i7    Manila
■-ratal a.rrie..    mtleeete, uillaoBld
sss* at-TaJr -*■ —
UNION MAN!
IB that dark hour when ermoe-
thy and heat service count aa
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
»U XIMUWAT, VAJfCOOVER
rhMiWmoetU
_*ro__p_ Ambulance Servlc*
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A flood Place le Eat'*
H4STIX0S AND COLUMBIA Mm
Ask for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat*
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
LUMBER,  SHINGLES, FUEL, FENCE POSTS
-HAULING-
1M0 MARINE DRIVE EAST Phone Fraser 1*1 LS
Vancouver
Night Schools
RE-OPEN
October 4th, 1922
ENROLL ANY AFTERNOON FROM
5 TO 6 O'CLOCK
—on—
MONDAY AND TUESDAY EVENINGS, OCT. 2 AND 3, FROM 7 TO 10.
Fifty Courses-Expert Instructors
W. K. BEECH, Director,
School Board Offices. rRlDAT.._
■IV     ' .,
...September ti, 1921
Fourteenth year.  no. li   BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, r g
PAGE THREE-
A Dental Service that is complete
in every particular
I am in tlie unique position of being able to
cope with every kind of dental problem in thc
most modern and satisfactory way possible.
To do this I bave equipped my offico with every
laboratory facility, as well as a complete X-ray
scrviec. Nothing has been overlooked that
would add to your comfort and improve my
work. You need fear no pain. My methods
are endorsed by the highest dental authorities.
11' .von need dental a;ii*nlioii, let
nil* allow jou how -laHJllc und Inexpensive tho wark can be.
Dr. Brett Anderson
EXPRESSION dentist
602 Hastings Street Weat
Hank ol Nora Scotia Iluliilinc
Phone Seymour 3331
Expression
Teeth
Thia has long
be_n my specialty, tho making nt
teeth that match
the natural and
give your features the lull
benefit o_ perfect
teeth.
BB- BKKTT AKDEBSOS. formerly mnator of tk. Ifccullr nt U»
I'oll.gn of Denti.try, U«i..rihy ot Southern ColHornia, LtctiiMr oil
Orowa and BrWf«w.r_, Dnnvnstrator in Platowork and Operatlv.
Iloutistrjr, Local and Genoral Aaaelttaak.
Vancouver Unioni
VANCOIVER TRADES AMD LABOt
Council—Ft»_id_»t,    K.   H.    _.'__U._S,
IW.L.A.; general aecreUry, Percy R. Bon-
?omit. Office: 808, Mt Pendor St. W.
tone Soy. 7_M. Anl. In Labor Hall at
Tt ,.a oa th. fint and Usl-d Tiwadaya
[ k snath,
I U——0 PUUITIIIO IEADK8 COVS-
L ell—Heel, aecond Honday in t_.
Cmontl.. Preildent, S. «. WHU; M_»
| tary, ». H. Neeleiidl, P. O. B_i W.
PbAKERY BA_-__-tEtJ. LOCAL 871—
I Meet, aeoond Tliuaday ev«ry month,
I 810 Ponder St. W. Pnaldent, J. Bright.
l.waril; inanclal aocrotary, H. A. Bo»raa,
rSSij Baro- gt
[JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' 1NTERKA-
_ tlonal Union .1 America—Local 130.
rVancouvor. B.C.. moota oocond and fourth
I Tuesdays in each month in Room 818. SM
r Ponder Street'Weil. Proaldent, 0. E.
(Horcetl, 71 Haitians St. K. SoonKarr,
I A. R. .lani. 320 OamU. St. Shop phono,
f eVy. 2702. Residence phono, Pong. _17_R.
^INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
' Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilder, and
■Helper) ol America, Local IM—Heetinie
firat aad tklrd Mondaya la nth month.
I Preaident, P. Wlllla: aeer_tarjr, A. Frawr.
LOffice: Room 303—812 Pender St. W.
tOge. hour,, 9 to 11 a.m. and a to !>..__
f BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—II I"—"
I nnd kricUayam er maaona ler tei-V
[ worka, ett, or marblo aettort, phono
[ BcUUayera' Union, Lahor Tomple.
ICNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAB-
poavaro and Joliwri, Uetet 442-Prual-
--lent, Wm. Dnnn; recordinf eecretary.
[Geo. Snell: business aieat, fine. H. Hardy.
l<J_-oe: Room 904, 31- Ponder St. *0J.
I Meela aecond and (oarth Mondays, f na,
I Baam 5. 31S Pender St. W. .
L HOTEL AND BESTAURANT Empleyeas
* Unloa, Loeal Si—*41 Soyaionr Str«L
, Maata bat and third Wedneaday. at 2.90
p.tn. S-Cond and lourth Wedneadaya at
I 8.20 i».m.   Exeeatlre heard meeta overy
*—m&, at 3 p.m. Pre-Wo.1 W. C-taar.
.)__•_*_. ami. A. eaakaaa. Phen. Sey.
flMl
INTERNATIONAL    LUNOSHOREME^S
. _.i_^,^,r»V W. *_*"
) aad third -rtdaya, i P.m. Oeeaaletr
1 treunrer, T. Msea; taainua .mat. P.
BroeUlr.
UjaSS    OT    OAMADA— Aa    Is***-
..__,_._«__ UiMIHViAL
OT    OA1ADA-A.    ladee-
. _.._ a   at  aB   -anafaeia   in    tee-
I ilna aad co_Btruc_Kra camps. Gaaat Ma-
I Set and Ooaeral aoadonaljara, tl taf
f *•■» SI. W, VansoSTer, B. O. fiane ley.
MSS. J. at. Utorkj, fWM»l aoendary-
I treu-rer: lefsl adrtaeaa. «"»»• **_
1 Mao4__ald a C- Taaooanr. t C : nil-
ta'aTnfou-a. R.tlar * Ohfaae.  V_.«a-
i eat. B^O.	
ISaCHINISTS LOCAL «M—Prealdeat.
I Ed. Dammosi aeeretary, B. Hirat; but-
I i».t at-at, P. U. Brafsaah. Mice: -OS,
I ll» Faador St. W. Hosts In Room S,
tal. Pander St. W., on aecond and lourth
f Tnoadsy ln month.
[MACHINISTS LOCAL in—PnaMeat,
I Lee «eene: aeereta-y, i. O. Jaealej
ihuineu ajent, P. R. Bongona*- OBce:
I aot, 810 Ponder St. W.   Meeta in Room
1 213, 319 Pender St. W. on flrst snd third
2 Thursdays In mantli
fcROTBOOBOOD S PAINTERS, DIOD-
\ mere aad faperaangera ol Amerle^
I Loeal  ISS,  Vsaceaver—Meets  lad aad
J Ik Tkarsdays al MB, Cordow Bi W.
hone B.y. Ittl.  Bsslneai steal, R. _L
I Barker,
I rEDERATED SEAFARERS UWON Uf
IB n rmmeili l__a_wa aad OOera
I Clion of Britlah Columbia—Meeting
I night, flrat and third Wedneeday ol eaeh
\ month at 318 Cordora St. W. President.
IB. Thom; vice-president. R. Morgan;
r aeoretary-tresauror, W. Donaldson. Ad-
. drew, 108 Main Street, Taneoaver, B. 0.
a Victoria Braneh Agent's address, W.
' f rancli, 887 Jokaaea St. WejMJS; B, 0.
i INTERNATIONAL UNION STBAM ABD
L Operating Engineers, Local Md, meeta
f atter, Thursday at * p.m., Baam SOT
1 Lsbor Temple. SeeretoryTroesaror, N.
•reen, 953 Hornby St. Pheae Ber- 7<H3__
Reeordlng Secretary, W. Chaadler, 1231
!■ Pell Ave., North Vsncouver.
BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAE
J Employees, Pioneer Wvlsloh, No. 101
—Meets K. P. Hell, 8th and Klngsway,
1st snd 3rd Mondays at 10:11, a.m. and 7
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2209 Clarke
Drive; rocordlng-seerrtBry. T. E. GrlBn,
247—Oth Avonuo Enst; treasurer, 4. F.
Andrew; flnancial-secretary and huei-
' ness agent, W. H. -Cottrell, 4308 Dumfries Street; oftee, eorner Prior and Main
Bts.    Phono Fair. MOIR.
JOURNEYMEN I'AILORS' UNION OF
Amorica, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Irst Monday In eseh month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, Mra.
Dolk; recording secretary, C. McDonald,
P. 0. Box 303; financial secretary, P.
McNrlsh, P. 0. Boi 303.
SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO
S ivi,t Russia, Vaneonver branch, meets
Ilrst and third Sundays each month, 2
|i,m., At 01 Cordova St. W. For information write tu branch secretary, ST.A.S.R.,
61 Cordova St. W„ Vancouver. B. 0.	
•TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION -No. 226—
I'ri'siilent, Wm. Skinner; vie.-president,
A. Tucker; aecretarytreasurer, K. H.
Ncelnnds. P. O. Box ISO. Meets laat
..iinrlay ol oach month at 2 p.m.
You may wish to liclp Tho x-'ed-
t-ratlonist. You cnll do mt by renewing; your subscription pi'oraittly and
ecndlng In the subscrlpllon of your
-i-lcuil or nclirhlior.
To most people, the connecting or
disconnecting ot a telephono eeema a
simple operation 'it installing or re*
moving the instrument. As a matter
ot fact, in every caso it necessitates
changes in tho ealiles and vires overhead or underground. It nino necessitates clinntres In centra] o.tleo wires
nnd swilea)'Bi-rl connections; in subscribers' accounts nnd directory listings; nnd frequently requires now
"drop" UneB from open wires or
cables. The problems nl station movement nre among tho large problems of
telephone sorvice. tlocause of the
double oporation of disconnecting and
reconnecting, the work involred ls
olten twice as great as in tho cose
of new subscribers.
B. 0. TELEPHONE COMPANY
Slater Bros.
WEEK-END
SPECIALS
Free Delivery
We Denver Free AB Over Van-
couver, Soutli Vancouver, Point
Gael' and ColUneu-ood.
123 Haatinga Eaat -Sey. S_i«
IM Granville J-er.  BM
1191 Granville _ .....Sey. 6140
UtO Main Btreet Fair. IttSt
FIU_SH MEAT 0EP1'.
Choice Oven Roasts   from,   per
Jb _ 10c
Choice Pot Roasts from, lb...l«c
Choice    Rolled    Prime    Roaata
fram, per lb Mas
Choice  Boiling Beef from, per
lb Be
Choice  Boneless Stew Beef,   S
lba  _ _So
PORK SPECIAL
We hava a apeclal conelen-
ment ot Alberta anin-fad
Pork Shoulders, weighing
from d to 8 lba. <<j_aUty No.
1), which we are putting on
aale on Friday and Saturday,
Rec. 2oc per lb., Frl. and Sat.,
perlb.'      lOiC
Froe delivery.
Prime Lamb Legs, Ib SSe
Prime Lamb Loins, lb —Bile
Prime   Meaty  Cuta  of  Lamb,
from J to 4 lba., per Ib Mc
Prime Lamb Stew, 2 lba Ue
Choice Meaty Cuts of Veal,
from, per 1 O __
lb _  loc
Finest Corned   Beet  (extra
quality), from, A
per lbi .„  OC
BACON SPECIAL
Slater'a   Famed    Breakfast
Streaky Baoon,
per lb	
35k
Finest Canadian Cheese, !b..___c
Finest Cream Cheese, lb, ....40c
BUTTERI      BUTTER!
Fine Alberta Creamery Butter, fit for any A]    | g
Uble, I lba. .... $le__0
Finest New Zealand  ijg
Honey, No. S tins, only OOC
At Slater's
Stores
With Free Delivery
Lumber Workers
News and Views
CRAXBROOK,  B.  0.
Dealing with the lumber Industry, and the cattle pens that are
called camps, where no eemblance
of sanitation is to be found, such
are the condltlona in the lumber
camps In the Crows Nest Pass. This
in spite of the fact that wo have
men paid high salaries for enforcing the law, such as health Inspectors, provincial police, mounted
police, etc. What is the reason
that these officers of the law do not
enforce the sanitary regulations?
There must he a reason why this
state of affairs is allowed. It certainly could not be worse If those
in authority were paid to prevent
the camps from being kept In an
unsanitary condition.
However, we should not lose
sight of thc fact that it Is the duty
of the men who are employed in
these camps to see that proper sanitary conditions aj-e provided. It
is needless to ask those in authority to do something for us; we will
only get what we have the organlied might to take.
The workers are not to be allowed to stay around the city ot
Cranbreolc this winter. They are
going to be compelled to get out to
work. Already tbe police are giving orders to some of the worktn
In O-wbrook to take the next train
otu of town. It would be a good
idea if the loggers, when they come
in from camp were te paas up this
town and go to some other burg
while they are resting. It la certainly about Ume that the tollers
among the li/ty pines got up on
their hind legs and demanded that
they ahould be treated as men.
On you, the eamp workers, alone
dependa the conditions that you
are going to have in the camps and
slave pens of the lumber barons
this winter. Why do you not compel the employers to furnish you
with a bed, and when you have got
the bed, see that he has the blankets and sheets washed at least
once a week, and not allow them
to be changed from one man to another for two or three years, like
they have been in the past. There
are bltmkets in some of the -camps
that are almost able to crawl out
of tbe bed themselves. But how
could anything else be expected,
seeing that they have not been
washed since they were bought
some two years ago.
There is only one way in which
this state of affairs can be remedied, and that is by organizing in
the union that caters to the workers in the industry in which you
work. Let us try nnd support our
own union flrst, and then aftor thnt
it anyone desires to keep a boot-
logger, welt, that is up to them.
Let us make an attempt to get our
wnlon back to what It was two
years ngo. It costs money to buy
the pnpers that are sent to the
camps, and also to pay the hall
rent* A dollar a month for your
dues Is not much; ln fact, it Is only
two drinks of bootleg whiskey. Organise!    In unity there is strength.
WI1EN IN TOWN STOl* AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 % CORDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Patronlzo   Fed   Advertizers.
-ORPHEUM-
COMMENCING MONDAY,  OCT. 2
coxmnoxs at bvckley bay
Considerable jmbllicty haa been
given in the press regarding the
re-opening of ttae Buckley Bay
mill and logging camps on the
Queen Charlotte Islands, witb the
result that many \-amp workera
have been drawn Jtno this district
under the impression that they
would be able to secure employment.
Now aome publicity should be
given to the preaent rates of pay,
etc, and the class of workers that
will be required, I. e.> provided the
mill resumes operations).
The eompany expects to have the
sawmtll gomg hy the flrst week in
October, and as there nre some
millions of feet of logs already In
the water, left over from previous
operations, these will be cut first.
Then several millions of feet
were left lying In the woods, just
ns they were left by the fallers and
buckers. These will have jto be
taken «ut before any more Umber
wUl be felled, so that fallers and
buckers will not be needed for
some considerable time.
The following is the present
wage-scale:
Per Hr.
Millwrights   from   Vancouver....65c
Millwrights, local  SOc
Steam engineers. 55c
Boom-men, firstrclass  50c
Boom-men, second-class  40c
Laborers  40c
Board costs $1.50 per day;'
hlankcts free; board medium.
The company has been negotiating with a Chinose labor contractor to supply Chinese labor to
the mill, offering 30c per hour. The
contractor wae holding out for 35c
per hour.
Single fare from Vancouver
costs $3*6.00.
Single fare from Prince Rupert
costs $9.10.
Fellow worker, compare the
above scale with the one in effect
In 1919-20; compare the number
of members in the L. W. I. U. of
C. with pnid-up cards, at thc present time and tho years 1919-20;
can thero be any connection between them? Is it possible that
the smaller tho number of organized members in the union means a
very much smaller flgure on the
old pay chetiuc? Reason for a moment with yourself, then lf you
aro satisfied that a stronger organization would mean more pay
and better conditions in force In
the camps, why, rejoin, pay up
those back dues, and do not be a
piker all the rest of your life.
W. E. D.
[The opinions and Ideaa expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily endoned by The Federatlonist, and no responsibility for the
views expressed Is accepted by the
management.]
Trades Council Proceedings
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist—Sir:
The Federationist gave a report on
the Trades Council proceedings of
Vancouver, where the report of the
delegate to the recent Trades Congress was heard.
Notice that one Wilkinson, who
was a delegate to that Congress,
was considerably criticised for his
action ln regards to the resolution
before that Congress asking to
bring pressure to bear upon the
Dominion government, In extending
a loan of fifteen million dollars to
Russia. This waa Wllklnaon who
appears to be a resident of the
City of Vancouver, blew into Bdmonton laat spring.
He waa to organize the carpenters In the city. While be failed to
do so, he did succeed in getting tho
local building contractors to understand that & cut In wagea could
be brought into effect very nicely.
This gentleman did everything in
his power to get tho local carpenters to sign an agreement with Ihe
bosses for a wage lower than was
then paid anywhere ln Alberta.
While endeavoring to get the carpenters to see the need for a cut,
at one of his meetings, he was told
that he was evidently working for
the Builders Exchange,, for he
seemed to be the only one who
wasn't organizing anybody, and at
the same time waa the only one, or
practically so, who was wanting a
cut.
That agreement waa never entered into, in spite of the efforts of
Wilkinson. Then Wilkinson died—
to come to life again a month before the Trades Congress was to be
held.
At a meeting of the carpenters,
the Nova Scotia resolution was
read and adopted.
Wilkinson, who believes in democracy, spoke In favor of the resolution, favored trade with Russia,
although he said he had no use for
their form of government; this is
only natural when one is democratic. Wilkinson statod, however,
that he wished to go to the Congress, and he wanted the confidence
of the local. He made it clear that
he would support these particular
resolutions to the limit.
The brothers, believing the man
to be a good democrat, gave him
their confidence, and so Wilkinson
arrivod at the Congress with credentials from an Edmonton local.
Now the delegate isn't back yet;
but at the last meeting of the local,
n brother wanted to know how Wilkinson had got on; so one who had
■seen The Federatlonist read the
part where Wilkinson waa prominent, and then, a scene followed
which no wards can describe.
Motions te tell headquarters who
tliis brother is? I want to know
how this follow got here? Someone else, who paid him? Yet another said he had no words at his
command which would anywhere
near express the contempt he had
for him. I don't know when Wilkinson will be back, or whether he
will ever be back here, but I do
not think that we will ever aend
another delegate who believes la
democracy to the Trades Congress.
Those people who never lose an
opportunity to voice their disapproval of the Russian government;
who always point to the undemocratic method of government there;
who always etick their chests out
when speaking of democracy; do
not seem to be very particular when
It comes to applying some of it
themselves.
Wilkinson knew he was not expressing the sentiment* of the workers whose confidence he asked for;
he did not state that at the Congress as far as we know. He did
not say that the local whose credentials he can-led, had adopted
the very resolution he helped to
defeat. ^
The moral of this lesson Is: People who live in glass houses, should
not throw stones. Yours fraternally,
PAT GRAHAM,
Trades and Labor Hall.
Edmonton, Alta.,
Sept. 19, 1922.
In the case of the flag they are
taught that the white stands for
.''purity^'' the red for "courage,"
and th? blue for "truth."
j The -king stands for "gracious-
ness" and "nobility" qualities, that
nobody- doubts .that he possesses.
Kings, however, ae legendary beings, as distinguished from their
human understudies, are beed as
trade marks for the "big" interests.
Wh'en these' corporations, In any
monarchy, wish to flnd men to flght
their battles, they say:
"Your King and oountry need you."
And very likely the Shah wouid
say, "The King of kings needs
you."
iU saying that the flag, too, is
used as a trademark, I am referring to the* world at large, and not
and In achool they must abide hy
the prescribed text books and rules;
Indeed one pf the questions asked
each month to every teacher ln thla
province is, "Did you obey the
rules?"
But there Is no reason ln the
world why people ahould depend on
theee achoota alone—useful as
they are as far as they go.
Such institutions as "The Vancouver Labor League" might be
developed and expanded. The deficiencies of other schools might
be supplied there as It might also,
and no doubt le, in economic and
other classes.
As I said, capitalistic society fs
crumbling, and when it la helplessly decrepit, If It Uvea eo long,
there muet be sufficient people j
capable of helping along the new
order if we don't wish another relapse to barbarism.
Both orders are overlapping
now, the nucleus In Russia of the
newest is spread Uke the tall of a
comet over the whole civilized
world. Let us hope they will continue to have the wisdom to use
to any particular country.     Each  their machinery in the Interest of
nation eulogises Its flag, and the) the nation.
*ame is.described to Its young
people as an emblem embodying
the highest Ideals—truth—amongst
them having a very salient position.
Consider Christian nations for a
moment.
They all, more or lees, profess
the same ideals; yet they win-form
two sides composed of millions of
people each.
On each side there will be found
thousands of piatformere, pulpiteers, and scribblers of high rank,
who arc ready, one and all, to
swear that tbe other sets of millions are diabolical Hare and fiends,
with the exception of the canaille,
whom they are sufficiently charitable to dub as fools.
Vet a fourth class child of the
public school, if the circumstances
were explained, would understand,
beyond a doubt, tbat the millions
were fighting for the world's markets.
All up-to-date nations are in that
position, while those that are not
up to date are gradually lining up,
with the result that the markets
are gradually growing scarcer.
Rivalry for these markets causes
war, and it seems to be only the
visitation of the terrible and worldwide desolation and devastation,
which forces people to look back at
their school days and entertain
strong doubts of the wisdom of
their former credulity.
"Oh Canada, we stand on guard
for thee," says the aecond reader
pupil as ho commences the first
lines In his book, never suspecting
that although for the present it is
necessary to fight for Canada, yet
after all he is fighting for the flnanclal interests of the group of nations of which Canada Ib only ft
factor.' '
The 'fourth class boy begins his
first lesson by looking at the picture of a military figure blowing a
call to'arms as he recites:
"For Ood; for home, our legions
.Shall win or fighting die"
And wben he finishes the book his
last wards are:
"Ood grant us wisdom to value our
,„   .birthright,
Courage to guard what we hold"
—a most commendable prayer Indeed, yet one that emphasizes what
the fight is for when one sees large
placards posted over the country
bearing the inscription "Your King
and Country need you."
Am I blaming the Bourgeois for
their system of education ? Undoubtedly not. It is an economic
necessity to them.
They attained their position ln
the natural course of evolution, and
in the natural course of evolution
they are preparing institutions and
developing machinery and Industry lor humanity, composed of
those who labor with hand and
head and embracing practically all
len.
Tenchem are engaged by them,
MAHON MORGAN DANCERS
____TABER & MoOOWAW—graft
WILSON AUBRAY TRIO
OLEN  It JENKINS
ROXY LA SOCA
JOHN and NELLIE OI_MS
BILLY OLASON
Vlffats, 25c-|l Mats., I5e-Mc
Twice Daily, 2:30 aad 8:20
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funut'nl Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NUHSEUYMEN
•IB Hastings St B. 2—STORES—2 665 OranvUle St.
Sey. HWMtlH "KAY IT WITH IIiOWUKK"       Sey. PKift-twu
AT THE OKPIII-IM
0£ as great an interest to the
patrons of art as Christmas eve Is
to tho youngster, is tho announced
appearance hero next week at tho
Orpheum Thoatro of the Marion
Morgan Dancers. This distinguish*
ed company, exponents of the infinite grace and beauty ln tcrpsl-
chore, stands unparalleled in the
realm of classic dancing in America. They aro all American trained
girls, mostly from the sunny clline
of California, whero Mrs. Morgan
for many years was connected with
tho Greek Theatro at Berkeley.
Federationist:   In
two   weeks   ago,
Their success in that line would'
be a brilliant example to the rest
of the world ae a way out of their
difficulties. They would demonstrate the fact that produce could
be raised without the necessity of
foreign markets, also that machinery, lf given free scope, could
produce an unlimited amount Instead of having to shut down every
time the dwindling market Is sup-
Piled.
In the meantime "education"
should be the watchword. The
education that won't prevent the
young people preparing for an
enemy, but will endow them with
sufficient vision to he able to recognize such, and treat him accordingly.
No better soldiers would then be
found to protect thetr democracy
from its foes whether at home or
abroad,
F. W. MOORE,
(Teacher), Lund.
Turks, Greeks, and Others
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Sir-
So much "news" has been given
through the press recently that the
pros, and cons, of a possible
spreading of the war now being
waged, principally between Turkey
and Greece, form one of the topics
of tho day.
What the actual detailed facts
are as to the situation in and
around the Balkan States Is difficult to say, but I think the general
facts are fairly well known to those
desiring to know.
The preaent conflagration is the
Inevitable outcome of the Versailles
Treaty, which is based upon the
poisonous theory, long since exploded, of the one nation guilt, for
tho great war.
Back of this treaty Is the competitive system of production for
profits, whicb cannot exist without
periodical wars, largely for the
possession of raw materials and
markets for manufactured gooda.
Since 1871, when Oermany formally annexed Alsace and Lorraine,
we .have been continually told
that "never again" shall there be
another "Alsace Lorraln." But we
flnd the annexations, spheres of Influence and other committments,
arising out of the Versailles treaty,
have Alsace Lorrain backed off the
map a hundred times, with Great
Britain and France the worst transgressors.
To those who thought further
wars Improbable, the last few
days have brought a rude awakening.
The lesson learned by those controlling the press during the war
evidently have not been forgotten.
The sudden announcement by many
papera that 129,090 supposed
Christians had been massacred by
the Turks waa an effective psychology producer. By thla and
otber ways efforts were  made te
THE FAMOUS
Astoria Shoes
for Men
We have just received a new Fall shipment of
this well known make of footwear. They are
the favorite shoes for men who demand style
plus service and comfort. Made in rich dark
mahogany shade, in tan Russian calf, black calf,
and black kid; suitable for either Business or
Dress wear; in all sizes, and widths A to EE,
and attractively priced at—
$9 to $10.50
—In our Specialty Boot Shop.  Direct cstranca an Oranvlll, St.
Hudson's Bay Company
W
•i
atlr up and fan the flames of racial
and religious hatred. Very llttla
mentlon haa been made, that
France, Britain! ally, haa bea*
assisting the Turks with munitions
and at least some men. "Why is
Britain and France, respectively,
backing Greece and Turkey?"
Largely becauee their la oil In
Mesopotamia, and it Is behind tha
acenea that a trcmendoua atrtlfgU
in going on for the possession of
the world'e potential aupply of oil
and other natural resources, with
a visible eruption once In a while
auch as is now taking place around
Constantinople.
Should the preaent atruggle
spread (and If lt does not at this
time lt will later on), an attempt
here and elsewhere may be nada
to force men and boys to again go
to war, to kill their fellow workera
who they have never seen, and
have no quarrel with.
To those who wish to voluntarily
fight the battles of capitalism, we
have no quarrel, and have ao desire
to put any obstruction In their
road, hut we de object to any form
of conscription, whether it be
statutory, economic, or otherwise,
and while we express primarily
our own sentiments, believe the
overwhelming majority of workera,
at lest in and  wound  Nanalmo,
feel similarly.
It ia aa wall to ba ob guard; tha
recent demonstration shauM warn
us that tho praaa Js ready Cor a
campaign, and tha church, st least
in soma places, Is apparently prepared to bask another war. It Is
reported thlt tho Trinity Methodist
Church In Toronto (ths hsad-
duartors of Canadian Methodism).
Sundsy, September 17,! by a standing vols, pledged themselvea to
give ott possiblo support, In oase
the present war spreads.
Reports aro now coming la from
all ovor tho world, and la asany
cases contrary to previous roports,
considerable appaolllan to a war
with Turkey la evidenced almost
everywhero.
If the workera refuse to right,
there will bo no more wars.
Speod the day.
T. A. BARNARD.
Nanalmo, Sept. 22, IS!!.
Petrograd — One hundred and
ninety-eight locomotives hare arrived from Oermany In ths course
of the summer via tho Petrograd
harbor. It la expected that 15»
more wtll bo delivered before ths
shipping season clones.
Patronise Wet
-    ,
JsTew Torlt—Union members and
others, In purchasing furniture,
[ilanos, phonographs, etc., are urged by the union woodcarvers of the
United States to seo that they obtain hand carving, and not composition ornaments. Hand carving
Is invariably union made, while
■■.imposition ornamonts, mado of
colored putty, are almost unfailingly non-union work, the woodcarvori
organization asserts.
Editor   B.   C.
your    issue   of
you ask if some teacher would explain what ideas Incidental to our
economic life are inculcated by
non-red teachers in this country.
In the absence of better I send
you the following:
There Is no doubt but that the
non-red teachers of the world
would be both surprised and shocked if told that when they Imagine,
quite unconsciously, that they aro
most intent on Imbuing their boys
with the spirit of bravery and patriotism, they are really engaged in
preparing them to be the docile
instruments of International rlva(
corporations, without conscience^
and prepared to shed the blood or
half the world in the name of wha^
Jock London used to call the Qod
"Blsenas," and equally prepared to
shed oceans of crocodile tears because the hated rival—a name that
includes each side in turn—was so
diabolically unfeeling as to bombard a town wherein were women
and children; as if forsooth, the
party who did the weeping, only attacked towns In which there were
but old bachelors bred and born.  ,
If ona looks at Article III ia the
School Laws, he will see that It Is
decreed that the "lessons, recitations and otber exercises on the
laet teaching day preceding Empire Day, shall be such as bear directly on the history and resources
of Canada and the British Empire,
and tend to promote a true spirit
of patriotism and loyalty.
-Concerning tho flag, It Is laid
down that it is desirable that on
the day school reopens a function
of a public character should take
place ln connection with Its hoisting.
This Uttlt celebration should Include the singing of tho National
Anthem as tho Union Jack is
raised; a march past of the child
ith marshalled ln rank, and might
well be brought to a close by
short patriotic ripeech from the
chairman or othor member of the
board of school trustees.1
But whut, we might ask, does
the "flag," and the "king," signify
as emblems to tha .hivanlla Aind?
i
l
s
I
i
To Holders of Five Year
51 per cent Canada's
Victory Bonds
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st December, 1922.
CONVERSION   PROPOSALS
t*T*.__ ]
MINISTER OF FINANCE offers to holders
theie bonda who desire to continue their
investment in Dominion of Canada securities the
privilege of exchanging the maturing bonds for new
bonds bearing 5} per cent interest, payable half yearly,
of either of the following classes:—
(a) Five year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1927.
(b) Ten year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1932.
While the maturing bonds will carry interest to 1st
December, 1922, the new bonds will commence to earn
interest from 1st November, 1922, GIVING A BONUS
OF A FULL MONTH'S INTEREST TO THOSE
AVAILING THEMSELVES OF THE CONVERSION
PRIVILEGE.
This offer li made to holders of the maturing bonds
snd ii not open to other investors. The bonds to be
issued under this proposal will be substantially of the
sams character as thoie which are maturing, except
that tht exemption from taxation does not apply to the
new issuo.
Dated at Ottawa, 8th Auguit, 1922.
Holders of the maturing bonds who wish to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should take
their bonds AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE, BUT NOT
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, to a Branch of
any Chartered Bank in Canada and receive in exchange
an official receipt for the bonds surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver the corresponding bonds of
the new issue.
Holders of maturing fully registered bonds, interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa, will receive their
December 1 interest cheque as usual. Holders of
coupon bonds will detach and retain the last unmatured
coupon before surrendering the bond itself for conversion
purposes.
The surrendered bonds will be forwarded by banks
to the Minister of Finance at Ottawa, where they will
be exchanged for bonds of the new issue, in fully
registered, or coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May and 1st November
of each year of the duration of the loan, the first interest
payment accruing and payable 1st May, 1923. Bondi
of the new issue will be sent to the banks for
delivery immediately after the receipt ofthe surrendered
bonds.
The bonds of the maturing issue which are not
converted under this proposal will be paid off in cash on
the 1st December, 1922.
w. s.
FIELDING,
Minister of Finance. - m
I
^AGE FOUR
FOURTEENTH YEAR.    NO. 84
BKITISH C0I1UM1HA FEDERATIONIST   vakcouvbr. a. a.
FRIDAT. .„...Bept_mb_r Mj
Just Real Values
in Solid Leather .
Fall Footwear
Hand-made, High-top Boots
Black Chrome
8^   $9.00 10in   $10.00
GENUINE hand-made oil
tan boots for boys and girls.
If you have never tried this
boot you do not know what
real vnlue Is. It is not priced
as low as some lines, hut with
wear considered, the cheapest
boot to buy.
Youths,   11-13   »5.00
Boys, l~i*\_  $5.50
Big boys, .**._  $6.50
Girls,' 1-4  $0.00
Ladies' brown calfskin shoes
that will appeal to you.
There are three lines of
about 75 pairs. Two lines
have Cuban heels and medium toe, and the other has
shorter vamp an.d low heel.
These are really good values
and the styles will please
yok   0.r_»_Ug£QQ
offer, per pair.:.. ■
A man's work boot that
needs to be worn ln wet
weather to be appreciated. It
la hand-made from No. 1 oil
tan leather, has two full soles
of heavy oak tan.   Pays you
pair   $7*50
A special table of boys' and
youths' black grain all solid
leather boots. Some of these
lines were priced as high as
$6.00, others at $4.60 and
$6.00. They are all on at one
price and are exceptional
buying at, per
pair 	
$3.50
Children's and Misses' sturdy
school shoes. Full fitting,
wide toes, Blucher cut, two
full soles, black'grain upper.
A medium priced boot that
will give splendid wear.
Sizes   5-7%  $2.25
"      8-10%    $2.95
"    11-2 $3.45
Women's short vamp Oxfords
and boots. A special shoe
for perfect comfort. It has a
short vamp, high arch and
Cuban heel. Made for women who experience difficulty
in getting a broad, roomy,
■ good-looking shoe, .,
Brown Calfskin Oxford..$7.50
Blaok Kid Oxford  $8.00
Brown Calfskin Boot ....$$.00
Black Kid Boot -..$10.00
Just a little better workmanship
and double the wear in our "
REPAIRING
PIERRE PARIS
51
Hastings West
A FEW FACTS    LOCAL ST
I Stand Convicted
by Law
But it is one of those
joker laws which are
enacted to serve certain
interests.
I am also guilty of succeeding where medical
practitioners have failed.
My methods are:—
SAFE, SANE AND SURE
Dr. WALTER STURDY
OFFICES: 312,3,4,5 DOMINION BUILDING
Telephone Seymour 2098 lor Appointment
Building Permits
Sept. 21—1_2_—15th Ave. W., A.
Smith, dwelling, 15000.
Sept. 22—2080 Keefer Street, H.
Kennedy, dwelling, 12000; 8.9
Broughton Street, Rock Island Sec.,
Ltd., repairs, $1500; 3296 Parker
Street, G. Eustis, dwelling, $1800;
S195—llth Avo. W., Cook & Haw-
klns, dwelling. $3000.
Sept. 25—604—12th Ave. W„
Htggen & JohanBon, dwelling,
$5000; 3571 Broadway \V„ Bernard
Construction Company, $3500.
Sept. 26—823-25-27-29 Oranvllle,
F. T. Sherburne, offico building,
$100,000.
Help the  Fed. by 'Helping our
advertisers.
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity-
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
.beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade
UPU.
Russian   Crown   Jewels
Give Press Great
Scope
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
New York—This Is a fact-story.
The facts are taken from the nowspapers from which the public gets
its facts. If any of the facts seem
not. to agree with any of the other
facts, it must be the fault of the
facts, for are not American newspapers—by their own confession—
honest?
It's about the Russian crown
jewels—the czar's crown, and the
czarina's crown, and the rest of the
spangles and fandangles and sparkling frippery and gorgeous, dazzling, priceless tinsel with which
the poor dear Romonov, used to
deck themselves tn the good old
days.
You knew, of course, from having read the facts in the newspapers, that these wonderful gems had
been ripped from their settings and
smuggled all over Europe and even
into the United States, by sly Bolshevist agents, and sold to get
money to carry on the naughty
Bolshevist propaganda?
No one ever will know how many
times these marvellous precious
stones were sold to help Lenln bolster up the "tottering" soviet regime. But a few such transactions
and attempted transactions are
given herewith—together with the
newspaper headlines just to show
the accounts must have been genu*
ine:
"Lenin Selling. Jewels for Red
Propaganda—Gems Sent Through
Germany to Dutch Markets—
Czar's Diamonds Offered."—New
York Times, Dec. 24, 1919.
"Russia's Royal Gems on Sale in
Holland."—New York Globe, Jan.
5, 1920.
"Russian Crown Jewels Smuggled Into England—Czar's Crown
Was Among Gems Offered for Sale
to Swell Bolshevist War Chest."—
New York Tribune, Aug. 4, 1920.
"Russian Diamonds Were Intercepted—Supposed to Have Been
Imperial Jewels—Were Consigned
to L. C. A. K. Martens and Seized
by Customs Officers."—Headline in
New York Post over an Associated
Press dispatch from Washington,
Aug. 13, 1920.
"Martens Got Czar's Gems to
Sell Here—Trafflc in Crown Jewels
Between Soviet Russia Agents Here
and Abroad Bared, Federal Agents
Assert."—New York Tribune, Aug.
14, 1920.
"Russian Crown Pearls Offered
fn Berlin; Jewelry Identified by
Czar's Crest."—New York Times.
Oct 1, 1920.
■ "Dead Czar's Gems Brought to
America—Crown Jewels Sold by
Soviet Government, May Be Put on
New York ■ Market."—New York
Times, Jan. 30, 1921.
"British-American Syndicate After Late Czar's Gems—Hopes to
Sell Them in United States and
Dodge French and English Claims."
—New York Herald, March 6, 1921.
"Find Part of Czar's Crown fn
Red Envoy's Baggage—Italian Customs Officials Think Delegates'
Trunks Contain Imperial Treasures. "—New York Tribune, March
23. 1921.
"Twenty Thousand Dollars of ex-
Czar's Gems Are Lost Here."—New
York Tribune, May 3, 1921.
"Russian Crown Jewels Pawned
ln Germany."—New York Evening
World, Jan. 16, 1922.
"Russian Crown Jewels Pledged
to Stlnnes; Pawned for 60 Per Cent.
of Value, Berlin Hears."—New
York Times, Jan. 16, 1922.
No wonder Lenln has been able
to keep his government going and
to keep up propaganda all over the
world! Why, the salo of the Russian crown gems so many times
must have brought uncounted billions of dollars to the soviet coffers!
This being, perhaps, not strictly
a news story, but a "fact" story,
the final part will be added as a
postscript. The postscript appeared in; the "rotogravure" section of
the New York Times on Sunday,
Sept.' 17, 1'922. It consisted of a
very large photograph, filling almost half a page, of a mammoth
table, every inch of which was
covered and piled with gems nnd
Jewels and crowns and diadems and
everything, under which was a caption reading Jn part:
"Gems Valued at 'Sixty Billion
Dollars,' Crown Jewels of the late
Czer and Czarina of Russia. Now
in the Hands of the Soviet Government of Moscow.
"From a photograph just received in this country of the entire collection of the former Russian rulers. . . The men grouped ubout
the priceless treasures include the
Soviet treasure fund administra-
, tors, with Farberger, the French
'Jewel expert, who made the official
valuation quoted above."
Says Trains Are Late
and Equipment Is
Defective
Poor Work Costs More
Than  Efficient
Union Labor
[By a Local Striker]
According to daily press reports
one would not realize that the
Great Northern Railway running
into Vancouver were interested In
any way with the railroad strike In
the United States.
They are reported in our local
dailies as running on time, on
schedule, and carrying more freight
than at any time previous to the
strike. Such careless, untruthful
reports as these should be verified
before being given to the public, as
they (the public) have tb a certain
extent to rely on the veracity of
our papers.
Passenger trains are Ute, have
been ever since the fourth week
of the strike, when the1 motive
power began to show its weakness,
through the want of proper care
and attention and competent hands
to do the work.
Previous to July 1, orte would
seldom see the local freight leave
Vancouver with less than- twenty
cars each night. Now a train
made of of five or six cars and
running about every other night, is.
as much aB Is going from thlta great
terminal.
It is quite possible, for this railroad, to make up a very long train
of loaded cars between here and
Blaine, provided they could get
these loyal scabs to repair the great
number of loaded cars that lay between here and the boundary, as
every spur and side track Is filled
with them.
At White Rock on July 1 there
were cars with draw-bars ^-pulled
out that are still there, and at New-
Westminster loaded cars are still
standing in the same place they
were six weeks ago.
A week ago at Westminster a flat'
required, two new brasses and the*
scab started to apply them.i r-Early
in the day he jacked up tHe> body
THE "ORIGINAL"
HARVEY LOGGING BOOTS
HAND MADE BOOTS for
LOGGERS, M-HEPS, CRUISERS AMD PROSPECTORS
SEW DOWNS A SPECIALTY
Established In Vancouver since 1897
H, HARVEY
Phone Sey. 8634—68 OORDOVA ST. W.—Vancouver, B.0.
Russian Masses
Devoted to Soviets
(Continued  from  page  1)
workers moved to the palace were
the worst I ever saw—except perhaps 'back of the yards' In C'ht-
cago.
, "Housing is the property of the
Russian state,,and the two biggest
and finest hotels in Moscow—the
Metropole, which Ib larger than
the Waldorf, and the National,
which Is in the same class—aVe
now filled with soviet officials;
street cleaners, street railway
workers, and so forth. The same
classes of citizens are to occupy,
the blocks of beautiful new modern
apartment houses which are being
co.mple.ted.. These two hotels nro
now called the First and Second
Houses of the Soviets.
"Organized labor Is the basis of
everything over there. You call
vote only through a union, but the
law enables everyone to belong to
a union. For instance, the 1000
doctors ln Moscow can belong to
the sanitary workers' union, which
Includes some 6000 street cleaners
and sewer constructors as well,
Russia is a poor place for lawyers,
but they aro not discriminated
against; 15 per cent, of the Judges
are now lawyer*;
"Spinners In the cotton mills receive twice the wages they had before the revolution.   Thev nino irat
boxes,
were still in their place and as tlghfa
as ever, so he released his jacks
and made another attempt,. This'
he kept up until afternoon next
day, when two more scabs* came
down from Vancouver along with
the local car foremen, and on
the third day the twp new ^brasses
were in, their place; a Job that the.
average' car man would do in as
many hours.
These kind of things are happening all along the line, and with
this class of help the railways are
paying at least three men's wages
for the work of one man, and not
getting a satisfactory Job in the
end.
We have it on authority from the
officials that not two per cent, of
the scabs are mechanics.
If all were running as smoothly
as thc railway officials would have
us believe, and that the class of
humanity that they have working
at the local roundhouse so efficient,
why is lt that Engine 1067 has been
doubling on the Vancouver-Seattle
run so often? It does seem a pity
that this engine coming In here
twice with a broken frame, nnd
once "with the side rods defective,
thut there is no engine available to
give this poor old hard-worked machine a rest. But no, they have
not got an extra engine, and to
keep this old pluggcr going they
huvo to send for their old standby,
the Vancouver Engineering Works,'
to holp them out. (Birds,of a
feather flock together.)
The strike is not over yet,
though the disgraceful Daugherty-
AVilkerson Injunction has been
passed upon.       " '
Thc demand of the striking railroad shopmen through their locnl
general strike committee for the
impeachment of Daugherty and
WIIkciHun, is not so ridiculous us
some people may regard it.
Their action stands out in strong
contrnst to thc government's failure to act ngainst the Pennsylvania
and other roads when they first de-
fled the United States Ruilrond
Labor Board, without which defiance by the railroads, the shopmen never would have gone out on
Btrike. .
This strike was forced upon us.
The strike has not been lost, and
national settlement will follow if
all continue to do their full duty.
There are a large numbor of railroads that have accepted un {agreemont to .put the men back-to the'
positions they- originally, held on
June .30, 1922, and at , the- same
point and tit. the present rates' of
pay, all men- to be put-to -work
or under' pay noi^ later tha)n thirty
days after signing the agreement, m
New   Methods   Demand
Amalgamation of
Unions
Chicago~"In the small, undeveloped machine shop of early days,
the Machinists Union functioned
fairly well," reads the report of the
metal trades section, as presented
by Delegate Knudsen at the national conference of the Trades
Union Educational league. "Around
the corner was the blacksmiths'
union, and down by the river bunk
stood the small fouairy employing
members of the Molitrs Union. As
long as this condition existed the
various craft unions functioned effectively and were Ideal and logical.
"But now things have changed
fundamentally. The machine shop
in its growth has added ono department after another, firBt a drafting
room, then a foundry, and as the
industrial development advanced,
there followed in quick succession
a boilr shop, carpenter shop, pattern shop, making of the former
primitive machine shop a gigantic
institution, the modern metal industry."
The reports lists over 30 trades
now- included in the metal Industry, running from structural iron
workers to jewelry workers. It
gives as the total of men employed
in the industry 4,47*3,137; The report says of them: "These millions
of workers are not organized, because we ure so blind that we have
not yet constructed our metal trade
unions so that they can be organized. Once united, this tremendous
mass would have such enormous
strength that they could soon put
an end forever to the damnable
conditions under which metal trade
workers as a class live."
The report suggests that there be
six departments to an industrial
union of metal workers; steel workers, machinery and engine builders, shipbuilders, automobile constructors, shop crafts on the railroads, and jeyelry'and small instrument workers.
Against the argument that this
would split the crafts, the report
argues that the metal, workers on
the railroads, for example, would
be members of the metal workers
union, but would still be affiliated
with the railroad unions, paying
part of their dues into both organisations. It cites the amlgumution
in the Germnn Metnl Workers
Union, und shows that u multitude
of insurance and fraternal features
attaching to the former separate
of the car, and after examining the
found that the old 'bi-assesAunions had been handled without
' T.uscon, Ariz.—A collection 'of 56
rare works In Spanish has/been
donated; by President Obregon to
the Carnegie library *.*%£, The
list includes history, philosophy
and literature, ••■*'•>'•■ i
Try your neighbor for a ■ubecrlu-
aon.-
preference in housing and in food,
as employees of the stute, ^hey are
producing '■ a .wide variety of calicoes, prints, spool cotton, etc. Kot_
plants are constantly bein^-opened.
Russia is keenly alWanfrttonfldt'iit
.other future," ',. .-'^j
'--Walnh told with* bmuA&fent ■ of
being-shown, ln; ah' airdrome at
Smolensk, some 23 nirpitpjes "donated1 by ell tHe'riattoijS"—i, e„
captured from. the various reactionary , armies during. t vie civil
wars. The Moscow officials also
pointed out to. him many American
motor cars, likewise picked up on
thc battle field and devoted to government uses.
"Any factory worker or other
citizen can now secure 20 acres of
land, free, if he will till lt," Walsh
reported. "Russia is In this respect the only place I know where
the means are preient to destroy
pauperism."
Debts and Aeroplanes
(Continued from Page 1)
difficulty.
I MILITARISTIC
PAIS I MAD
brought us all to the edge of the
abyss.
Tlio Indemnity Curse.
There are only degrees of danger. We are solvent, but we have
our million and a half unemployed.
Germany is bankrupt, but she
works—on starvation wages. Austria is bankrupt and in immediate
danger of being workless and food-
less.
The root . f it all fs this curse
of debt, and nbove all, this indemnity debt. N it all the parade of
force will ennl le lt to be collected.
Each violent feature only shakes
the exchange -_, little lower. But
It does worse than that, It prepares such passions of hate that
when the economic crisis comes in
its ultimate form, as it sonn will
come, despair will take the color
of brutal murder, first perhaps in
civil, and then In international war.
And then should have come the
offer.
What Franco Must Do.
What America will do Is irrelevant. If she Is so foolish as to
exact our debt from us she will
suffer for it, as Europe Is suffering from its similar folly. Let her
do what she thinks fit, we at least
will scrap our debts—roubles,
marks and francs—on one condition. But that condition is absolute. France must consent at
last to a real peace.
How do you define it? She must
end the Rhlneland occupation. She
must allow wretched Austria to
unite with Germany. She must
write down the total of. the Indemnity, and agree to receive it in
bricks and girders.to rebuild the
devastated zone. If she will do
this we will forgive her the,whole
of her debt and forget the estrange'
ment of recent years. But If she
will not do this the Entente is over.
Of all this there was not a word
in the Balfour note. It has angered
America, yet the one chance of
winning America was to have said
precisely this. For America's reason for severity is that she realizes
that we are all ruining each other
by militarism.
More Talk.
With this beginning one need
hope no more from the talk with
M. Poincare than the Prime Minister does himself. It will not
bring the appeasement of Europe.
There will be one more inconclusive talk, one more period of delay,
and one more slide of the avalanche
toward the abyss. And then?
Well, perhaps the aeroplanes will
be ready, and, poor though we shall
be, we shall doubtless manage for
a time to buy petrol on credit.
These are little men. They can
neither prepare peace nor wur.
They build SOO aeroplanes when
3,000 are scarcely enough. They
scrap debts, and hold back £854,-
000,000. They perorate ubout
devoting their lives to peace, and
dare not demand the evacuation
of the Rhlneland. Half peace,
half war; inadequate armaments;
niggard generosity. It is peace and
war in orte coalition. From that
mixture comes war.
Rave Because German
Teacher Wins
Point
Berlin—That war is a hindrance
to culture may now be taught Ih the
schools of Prussia, In uccordunce
with an order from the minister of
education, Dr. Boelltz. He basis
his decision upon Article 48 of the
national constitution, which prescribes that teaching must be conducted "in the spirit of German national ideals und of the reconciliation of nations."
The opinion of the minister was
handed down as the result of a controversy between a Berlin teacher,
Dr. Erich Witte, and the Berlin
board of education. Witte had put
into hfs course of lecture topics
such as international courts of arbitration, self-determination of nations, international Ufe of today,
and the culture-destroying nature
of war. .
His achool board objected, Witte
was told that he must not mix politics with education., Witte took his
case direct to the minister of education, who sustained him.
The reactionary and militaristic
papers of Germany are enraged
over the Incident. The Tnegllchc
Rundschau calls the permission to
"hnmmer the thesis about the destructive influence of war upon
youthful brains a daring one. It
certainly isn't tho business of education to tnke one-sided slogans of
an international clique of pacifists
nnd to hnnd them out as ethical
principles."
$100_2__
REWARD
The above reward will be paid for
information leading to the rocovery
of J. W, Green, mleslng since Monday, Sept. IK Age ll years; height I
feet B Inehes; blue suit, brown
shoes and brown soft het Addreee
all communications te
Special!   Special!
AU Wool Sox
2for$l
We are showing an extra fine quality of all wool cashmere
sox and also pure wool worsted sox at the above exceptionally keen price. They come in all sizes to 11%,
and in a big range of shades.
CD. Bruce
LIMITED
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
'THE PROBLEMS OF
LIFE ANO LABOR"
Phoenix, Ariz.—Effective Oct. 1,
all mine employees working by the
day will receive a 10 per cent, increase in pay, according to notices
posted in the lufger mining camps
of the state,
Lelpslc, Germany—German journalists deplore the economle pressure exercised over them by the
capitalists and long for a German
Federated  Press.
rvR. W. J. CURRY Is to again take
up his course In "Biology and
Social Science," the proceeds, as
usual for The Federatlonist.
For the laBt two winters, these
courses were conducted In this city
with great success. The initial
meeting for this season begins Oet.
6, and will be held every Thursday
evening in the W. P. Hall, 805 Pender West/ near corner of Hamilton
This season considerable new material will be introduced, and the
course Improved. For instance, astronomy, biology and science in
general have all, through the ages,
been opposed by organized religion.
Several evenings will be devoted to
this "warfare of science." The
economic basis on what Upton Sinclair terms tho "Prophets ef Religion" will be examined.
The origin and evolution of some
ancient creeds and priestcrafts will
be dealt with, while some of the
modern branches of "American
Mythology," so conspicuous in
Vancouver, will have their Intellectual and financial basis exposed.
The importance of this subject is
evident when we realize the mental chaos existing In our midst, and
the ease with which spiritual Impost ers, and "healers" bleed their
victims. Modern science is based
on "matter and force," and tells us
that "mind" is the product of organized mntter," while religion or
metaphysics has Its feet in the
clouds, and puts mind before and
above matter.
After that the forming of the
worlds, the beginning of life in the
prlmordnl seas, the struggle of life1
upward, to human forms will be
taken up, and all Illustrated with
lantern slides.
This course will Include studies
In physiology, and a review of Joseph McCabe's great work, "The
Evolution of tho Mind," will also be
reviewed.
For two successive Sundays last
spring, the Empress theatre waB
crowded to hear the "Brown-
Curry" debate on "Evolution versus
Creation." The course this season
will give you a,chance to examine
this subject thoroughly, and will be
the best possible basis.for understanding the greut problems of life,
and the atruggle of "Labor for
Freedom."
You are Invited to come and take
part  in  these    discussions   every
Thursday at 8 p.m., ln the W. P.
HaU at 305 Pender West. "The
Truth Shall Make You Free."
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The FederationiBt, and then call,
around next day for a subscription.
AT THE EMPRESS
"Sllpy McGee," some times
known as the Butterfly Man, written by Marie Conway Oomler, up
to that time a practically unknown '
author. It was originally published
in April, 1917, and made a very
modest showing for the first few
months. The readers, however,
were big "pluggers"—they recommended the book to their friends—
so much so that a new edition waa **
issued in August of the Bame year..
From that time on the success ot
"Slippy" has been phenomenal.
Edition after edition has been exhausted until today it is undoubtedly the most widely read and circulated book ln America. It is a i
strong, human heart interest story'
that will appeal to everybody. The
lovable character of Father de Ran-
coe, whose life ls devoted to the
uplift of the "Down-and-outers" of ,
his little community—the regeneration of the worldly wise and thief ,
nnd notorious crook Slippy VcGoo.
The delightful unfolding of the
sweet nature of the beautiful Southern girl, Mary Virginia; the manly traits of the boy, Lawrence—the
beloved physician, Dr. Westmoreland; the laughable courtship ol
Major Cartwrlght_and Sally DeKter,
and the scheming- machinations of
George Inglesby, the boss of Ap-
pleboro and his secretary, Howard
Hunter; the environment of the
rural atmosphere of the old-fashioned Southern village; all tends tc
blend into a play that will yield a
very enjoyable, and memorable
■evening's entertainment. •••
EMPRESS
M
em o.U
_*S   ■
WEBE.O** OOI. i
R
E
S
s
AuocUt.d Stoek Pbyeri, IM.
Hill  Ibrilott   and  Hr.   tu
In the modern comedy.dnm.
"Slippy McGee"
From the book by Marie Conway Oemler. Dramatiied
by E. E. Rose.
Startling thuntionu. drimatls
cllmaien, wonderful comedy.
60c-Mon. Nit* Bargain NiU-BOc
Usual Wed. and Sat. Matinee*
awe Bans It, ■eon..TfM>
Wakery Prirere* Local tTl, ot
9hont Tail-wont t4«B et War
HAND. ACROSS IHE SEA
FROM
Soviet Russia needs machinery— vast quantities of it.
The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractors, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Russia will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
.machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc.
American Workers! American Farmers!
YOU KNOW WHAT IT MEANS TO BE WITHOUT TOOLS
Help Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to do.
Today Help-—At Once
International Tool Drive for
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the—
Friends of Soviet Russia
201 WEST 13TH BTREET
SEW YORK OITT
Help Build Vp the
World's Flrat
Workers' Republic
Accept my roiKrllHitlun of 9  lo help hulld up
Soviet RumIb or the Workers nnil PcaMMta.
Nunc	
Address .
City  	

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