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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 20, 1918

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Vancouver, b. g, Friday morning, September 20,1918
Soldiers' Dependents Speak
Out  Strongly
Trades Council and B. C. F.
of Labor Endorse $100
Per Month
A crowded meeting was held in the
City Hall on Saturday evening to con-
aider what Mayor Gale called "the
scriouB situation facing tho province
of British Columbia, tho city of Van*
couver, and possibly tho Dominion of
Canada," the reference being to tho
bitter complaint of tho soldiers' dependents as to tho inadequacy of the
provision mado for their maintenance
by the governmont. That tho situation WaB indeed "serious" had been
made sufficiently apparent at an open-
air meeting earlier in tho day, at
which "direct action" had beon openly suggested ns a remedy.
The mayor referred briefly to "some
vory Bnd and deplorable coses on thc
pnrt of tho womon left at home," and
the necessity of having the matter
brought forcibly to tho attention of
tho government. Ho said he used the
word "forcibly" advisedly; "now is
thc time for the citizens of Vancouver
to striko nnd strike hard." (Applause.)
Ho suggested that a memorial be passed round to all tho public or semi-
publie organizations in tho city for
their endorsation, and further named
E. W. Dean as recording secretary for
tho meeting,
Mrs, Macken spoko pathetically of
the "silent women going about day
aftor day" trying to buy shoes for tho
childron, etc, "Many of our heartB
aro broken," she said. "Why should
wo go without the necessaries of life?"
Sho declared that the womon of tho
country should say whother the prosent governmont should be roturned to
powor or not, and hinted at a "bolt
from tho bluo" in the near future.
Mrs. Borland spoke next, with voice
already raucous from previous efforts,
but with wrath unabated. She could
seo tho white crosses, not only in
Prance, but alBo at Mountain View;
she could also hoar tho roturned man
—broken-hoarted at his treatment—exclaiming, "Would to God I had never
gone I"
Major (Bev.) C. C. Owen said the
govornment had not checked the profiteering; and the cause of strikes was
often tho employer quite as much as
the employee.
P. G. Shallcross suggested that the
matter be roforerd to the Board of
Trade; but such a cry of dissent aroso
that he hastened to add that lie did not
mean delay—far from itl A lady
pressed that the matter bo dealt with
right away; nnd Dr. Henry said it
was not a mattor for discussion. "I'd
be ashamed if my name wasn't ou that
petition," ho declared.
Sergcunt-Ma,ior Jimmy Robinson
thon presented tho resolution passed at
the afternoon meeting, calling for $100
per mensem us the govornment allowance. This wns seconded by Aid. J.
Hoskin; and Mrs. Jennnie Macdonald
added n few words on tho impossibility
of keeping a home going on the present
rate of pay.
At this point President Winch of the
Trades and Labor Council took the
platform, remarking on tho fact that
he and those ho represented had a
principle in common with those mon
now facing him—"though a short time
ago some of you would have hung ius
if you could." He was not there to
decide whnt labor would do. Labor
docides thnt for itself," he pointed
out. However, they could count on
labor's support, not beeause they wero
dependents of soldiers, but because, us
workers, thoy woro entitled to tho bost
humanity could produce. "Tho community that docs not realize its duty
to the individual is not worth fighting for," was one of the thoughts he
voiced to the meeting; the dead silence
that followed showed that tho shot
had gone right home. Then speaking
of tho rising generation, he set his audience chuckling by the naive admission thut ho was himself "responsible
for six." This dovelopod into a perfect cataract of cachinnation when ho
added that ho wns still young. He
scorned the idea of a "petition" to
tho government they had themselves
elected; tho word "demand" wns im-
mediately substituted, and "command" again inBtantly replaced that.
In conclusion, ho ropoated the assurance that they could call on labor for
its co-operation "so long as tho object
in view is in tho interest of tho whole
community," ho said, "nnd you won't
havo to call twice." :
W. Drinnnn of the Great War Veterans Association hnrdly thought Sir
Herbert Amos wns right in his nsser-1
tion that there would be no incrcaso I
of pay. 8am Gothard, vice-president of
the Comrades of the Groat War, said,
it was all right for peoplo like Mr. J
Stevens and Colonel Cooper to urgo'
them to voto for the Union government, and then turn round nnd slap
thom in the faco!
Thc mayor now declared that "something must be done," and called far
"Bome practical suggestion," Again
a mention wns mndo of thc Board of
Trado ns being "constantly in touch
with tho governmont;" and a member
of tho Rotary Club suggested framing
a telegram asking support from other
largo cities. E. C. Appleby proposed
that an "emergency committeo" bo
formed right there.
Mrs. Borland rose to "protest against
any further delay," and both sho nnd
nnother lady scorned any reference to
Ihe Board of Trade, their attitude being heartily endorsed with cries of
"Hoar, hour," nnd loud applause. "Put
the resolution right hore nnd now.
Their children are not hungry and going without shoes," it was remarked.
This brought Mayor Gale to his feet
with tho plea that it would bc unfortunate if they left the room with any
misunderstanding. Hu had no objection to tho resolution going forward
right away, but it should be backed up
Minister of Mines Suggests
Royal Commission
J) question of one shift in the
\ _f Fernie and District haB been
[loot of a conference in Van-
this week. The representatives
Miners of District 18 of the
Mine Workers of America ar-
the city on Wedneaday morn-
iy are as follows: T. Biggs,
r-—____\0^ fck° District; Ed. Brown,
secre Q treasurer of the District; H.
Heart u iretary of tho Michel Local;
W. P, £ * Fernie Local, and W. Hunter, ijmf,.
The stand taken by the miners is
that unless the one shift is granted
they will not return to work, and it is
possible that unless their demands are
granted they will call a general atrike
throughout tho district, which is at
present confined to Fernie and Michel.
The miners claim, and submit evidence
to prove, that unless thc single shift
is adopted they are courting death in
tho mines, and so the strike ia for safe*
ty firat.
Tho employers havo .refused point
blank. to meet tho representatives of
tho miners, and consequently Hon. W.
Sloan, Minister of Mines for the province, has held conferences with both
sides of tne dispute. As a result of
these conferences the Minister of MineB
submitted a proposition to tho minors
representatives, which would call for
the immediate appointment of a Boyal
Commission to go into the whole situation. This the men's representatives
declined to recommend to their members, and so informed the minister by
the following letter:
"Vancouvor, B. C,
"Sept. 19, 1918.
"Hon. W. Sloan,
"Minister of Mines,
"Vancouvor, B. C.
"Dear Sir,—Be singlo shift proposal:
Tho undersigned delegates representing
tho miners at Fernie and Michel, after
carefully considering your proposal of
tho 18th inst, re the above matter, do
not feel disposed to recommend same
to the mon.
"However, wo nre prepared to submit your proposal for their consideration und be governed by their decision.
In the event of the miners, refusing
to accept said proposal, we can do no
other than advance our former demand
for thc single shift.
Mr. Slonn acknowledged the receipt
of this letter by the following letter:
"Thos. Biggs, Esq.,
"Pres. Dist, 18, U. M. W. of A,,
"Dear Sir,—Re singlo shift proposal:
Beg to acknowledge receipt of yours of
the 19th inst. and note your promise to
submit my proposnl to tho miners for
their decision and to be governed by it.
I havo to thank you for this consideration and to assure you that it is appreciated. I presume this matter will bc
put to all the men affected, by ballot,
and that an expression of the opinion
of all interested may be obtained at an
early dnto.
"I um yours faithfully,
"Minister of Mines."
Mr. Slonn haB had in conference Mr.
G. Wilkinson, chief mino inspector; W.
R. Wilson of Fernie, manager of the
minea; Mr. Barney Caufield, superintendent at Coal Creek, and R. Wilson
of Fernie. Mr. W. R. Wilson on behalf
of tho company has accepted the proposal of Mr. Sloan, and President Biggs
and Secretary Brown have sent tho following wire, which contains the proposal of Mr.' Sloan to the men in thc
Oopy of Wire
Manager Wilson refuses to meet
delegates. Minister of Mines Sloan
submits the following for consideration of coal company men. Call meeting of men and take voto and wire result immediately."
Re Single Shift Goal Oxeek and Michel
In the interest of the industry and
for thc purpose of arriving at a quick
decision so as to enable the much-
needed output to be maintained, I mnko
(Continued on Page 8)
by tho various organizations. "I hate
to think of whnt the fate of any organization would bc that would refuse," he snid.
Sergt.-Major Robinson concurred,
and suggested thut the churches and
fraternal orders bo uppronched. He
added that, with the treatment received by tho returned soldier, it was only
his Vintense loynlty" that had held
him in check. A widow, whose son
wns at the front, said she felt "inclined to blush for the eity gent lemon." If her son wns home ho would
bo junking $150 a month,
D. McCallum, of tho B. C. Federation of Labor, did not believe thc resolution went far enough. Even #100 n
month wns "only an existonce," ho
declared. ,
It was ultimately voted, nom. con.,
that tho resolution bc forwarded immediately, Mrs. Lowory taking nnother
crack at tho Rotary Club and the
Board of Trnde, nnd asking why they
hadn't "come to us."
A. S. Wolls of the B. C. Fedorationist took tho opportunity to point out
that labor had long ago demanded that
the government '' conscript everything" in the interests of the peoplo.
Those women should not bo subjected
to tho ignominy of having to depend
on tho Pntriotic Fund. If any sueh
fund wero to be continuod nt all, it
should bo merely to supplement the
$100 allowance from tho govern mont,
in cases where that was found not
W. A. Pritchard, nlso of "that much
Hilled body," Ihe Trndes and Lnbor
Council (und, in fact, another of tho
recently "proscribed")) spoko ns
one who hail known what it was to
eat orange pool out of tho nutter,
which, ho suggested, "mny not bo the
experience of some gentlemen here."
Ho pointed to tho need of "reconstruction from tlio bottom up—from
tho foundation of those who make
everything by thc sweat of thoir
brow."    (Applause.)
(Ib Tucnnrx
Otty, 18.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAB
Trades Congress of Canada
******      ******      ******        ******      ******      ******
To Issue Reconstruction Manifesto
(By Special Wire to The Federationist)
AT the thirty-fourth annual Congress convenedin Quebec September 16 there was present a record attendance of. 440 delegates. British Labor was represented in tne person of Fraternal Delegate Hancock, M. P., while the American Federation was represented by Delegate Haywood. One hundred and
fifty resolutions were introduced and 29 disposed of. The Congress is holding three sessions daily in the
endeavor to finish by Saturday.
The Glace Bay miners introduced a resolution which was unanimously adopted urging workers to
use all means in their power to oppose the introduction of coolie labor. The resolution to repeal the
Military Service Aet resulted in 116 votes being cast in favor of it being referred to a committee and
306 against.
Secretary Draper moved a resolution j
to tho effect that a wire be sent to \
the Canadinn army urging it to carry1
on, which was almost unaniinouly
Tho principle of a.national minimum
wage was endorsed ns was also the principle of a national fund to assist workers' dependents when disasters occur.
Tho government is to be asked to
introduce a compulsory insurance bill,
nnd to soe that all old wall paper is
removed beforo being repaperod, and to
ilx the prices of thc necessities of life,
to denature wood alcohol and -to prevent painters from onting thoir lunch
in paint shops.
The Congress approved of the nationalization of medical and dental
professions and tho state operation of
hospitals. All hospitals to bo freo to
The numerous resolutions on reconstruction after the war were referred
to tho executive, which is to Issue
manifesto on theso subjects.
President Watters is to bo opposed
by Tom Moore, who is likely to supersede him, although the western delegates from Winnipeg aro   supporting
will   be   h
Tho noxt convention
cither at Hamilton or Winnipeg. Dave
Rccb is oxpected to bo elocted as weBt-
orn vicc-preBidcnt.
The Toronto machinists introduced a
resolution opposing tho intervention of
the Allies in Russia.
Delegnte Midgley is the chairman
of special committeo on Firemen nnd
Policemen and introduced n resolution
pledging tho support of Congress to
these organizations.
A special committee wns formed to
deul (with vocational training.
This meeting of the Congress is considered to bo the most important gathering in tho history of the Dominion.
Organization Issues a Statement as to Its
The Laundry Workers are still on
strike, and are standing pat. Some effort haB been made to run the Cascade
Laundry, but the effort has not been a
success. First blood was drawn during
tho week, when a driver was struck
over the head by Mrs, Morrow, of the
Star Laundry, on Monday morning.
This case haB been aired in the police
court, and is recorded in another place
in this issue. Many local unions are
contributing to the strike fund raised
by the Trades and Labor Council on behalf of the employees on strike, and a
whist drive and dance haB been arranged for Monday evening, tickets for
which can bc obtained at the Labor
Temple, and all members of organized
labor should take one or more tickets,
and assist tho striking Laundry Workers in their efforts to secure decont
The laundry proprietors, having
thought it advisable to issue a statement of thoir position in thc strike
amongst thoir employees, the union has
issued the following statement of the
position of the workers:
"In the flrst place, tho sincerity of
tho proprietors in regretting the inconvenience caused the public by thc
strike, must be judgod by their flat refusal to meet the officials nnd discuss
thc schedule of wuges submitted to
them. They, (the proprietors) know
that thore was unrest, and also that
there was serious causo for that unrest
amongst their employees long before
the strike, but instead of trying to remove tho cause of that unrest in any
way, they calmly allowed it to proceed
to tho only end by which the workers
can asert themseleves, a strike, thus
causing the inconvenience which they
now affect to doplore.
"Their troe attitude 'towards their
employees, however, is shown in tho
misleading statement of the earnings of
the female Laundry Workers, which are
said to range from $40 to $65 per
month, for experienced help, for a week
of from 42 to 45 hours. Even on that
scale, we should be prepared to make a
stand, and say that it is insufficient,
and wo are convinced that the public
themselves would admit that it is impossible for a young woman to keep
herself respectably and decently on
that wage. The facts, however, are far
different from that stated by thc proprietors. There are roughly 300 girls
employed in the laundry business, and
of that numbor, at least half have been
working in laundries for yearB on a far
lower wago than that published. Arc
they still to be considered inexperienced f   If so, the laundry trade is such
Soldiers9  Dependents  Are
Supported by Trades
President Watters Is Con*
demned for Recent
, Acts
At the Trades and Labor Conncil
meeting last night the tour principal
matters discussed were the policy of
the Federationist, the allowances to
soldiers' dependents, the action of
President Watters in his passing over
Vancouver when on the coast, and the
striking laundry workers.
The resolution introduced by President Winch on the allowances of the
soldiers' dependents is as follows:
"That the secretary be instructed to
forward thc following wire to all central bodies in capital cities and Federations of Labor, and to the Trades
Congress of Canada." This resolution
was adopted:
"Wire all central labor bodies in
your province and reply earliest possible moment if they will co-operate in
such Dominion-wide action"!
■ necessary
Federation of Western
Postal Employees Name
The formation of the locnl branches
of tho new organization of postal employees covering the letter carriers and
thc postal clerks is being carried on.
Vancouver letter carriers and the postal clerks held their flrst meoting last
Saturday and a temporury constitution
was adopted and officers elected. The
officers are ns follows: President, F.
Knowles; vice-president, J. McConaghy; secretary, R. James; treasurer, D.
J. McCarthy; sergeant-at-arms, 8. Nash,
Frod Knowles and G, Hutchinson
wont to Victoria Inst Sunday nnd organizod tho Victoria branch. This
branch nlso adopted a temporary constitution and elected officers. They are
as follows: G. Pretty, president; secretary, J. White; treasurer, J. McKon-
It is expected that other points
in the west will follow suit.   Edmon
to assure by order-in-council, or otherwise, and operative from October 1, the
abolition of the patriotic fund and pay*
ment to soldiers' dependents of double
full present allowance with a minimum
of one hundred dollars monthly."
When President Winch took the chair
thc hall was packed, and a good number of the striking laundry workers
were on hand to aee what action the
council would adopt toward their striko.
The executive reported that a number of locals had sent in funds for the
strikers, some to the extent of $100.
Two communications were received,
one from the Painters and one from
the Steam Engineers, as to the policy
of thc fi. C. Federationist, and the
change of editorial policy.
These communications were laid over
to new business, after a recommendation by the executive to refer to the
B, C. Federationist, Ltd., had been
A complaint was received from the
Marine, Firemen and Oilers against
snipyaid workers operating ships during trial trips. Tbis was referred to
the Metal Trades Couneil.
The new wage scale of the Boot and
Shoe Workers was endorsed on recom*
mendation of thc wage scale committee.
a-highly  technical  business  that  we  dent ZcHhat Z .__******   Pr?si-
shall have to consider revising the scale j od hytilTmayor L tfcl -PPOint-
of pay submitted in onr schedule.   Wo I forwardr^SKtfS the ■ coWttoo to
Splendid Prizes for Whist
Drive To Be Held on
At the regular meoting of Lodge 110,
Machinists, Ladies' Auxiliary, on Tuesday, September 17, a delegate was received from the Laundry Workers
union. Lodgo 110 gave them their encouragement and support in the strike.
The Lodge is pleased to roport that
Brother Hodges, who has been very
sick in thc General Hospital, is making
rapid progress  towards  recovery.
The Lodge has decided to hold their
futuro meetings on tho flrst and third
Thursdays of tho month, at room 206,
Labor Temple. Their next meeting
will bo hold on October 3rd.
Arrangements aro completed for the
whist drive and dance on Snturdny
evening next at 7.30 o'clock. Good
refreshments aro being provided. Many
splendid prizes will bo given nnd the
ton, which has not yot"doctdod toTjofii I '""* °-™»<fctra P°»«ib'° will be in at
the new organizntion, is boing attended tondalieo. A good crowd Js expected
to, and au organizer has beon sent
that point to got thom to lineup. F.
Knowles is going to New Westminster
in the noar futuro to organize tho men
From Suult Ste. Marie west the postal omployoes nre joining tho new organizntion and ii is only a matter of
time before the entire Dominion will
be covered.
It hus been docidod to call the new
orgnnizntion tho Fedoration of Western
Postal Employees.
to be in attendance, und if the past is
any criterion, Saturday's function will
he one well worth taking in.
Division No. 101 to Form a Ladies
Auxiliary ln the Near
Tho ndvisory board of tho Streot and
Electric Railway Employees met on
Thursday morning in the Lahor Tomplo
to consider the conditions as pertaining to tho barn and shop employoes.
Fred Hoover, business agent, Is in
Portland, and President Cotterill is
acting in his stead during his absonco,
Division 101 has decided to form a
Indies' auxiliary, and the executive has
been instructed to mnko arrangements
for n socinl us soon as possiblo for tho
purpose of inaugurating the Indies' organization. It is expected that the
Indies will prove un important factor
in thfc success of the division nnd of
tho movement, generally. Membors are
requested to tnke note of Ihe fact that
tlio  night meetings will oomthouco nt
o'clock  iu  tho  future  inslead  of  8
lock, and that all members Hint do
not  attend   at least   ono   meeting   per
month  will he   fined   25   cents.    The
CCUtivo meetings will nlso commence
at  7 p.m. In future.
SUNDAY, Sept. 22—
MONDAY, Sept. 23—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Pattern Makers,
Amalgamated Engineers, Upholsterers, Iron Workers, V, U.
Carpenters No. (117, Bakery
Salesmen, Street uKilwnymen "s
TUESDAY, Sept. 24—Harbors,
Amalgamated Carpenters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25—Gas
Workors, Motal Trados CouncU,
Boilormakors Exam. Hoard,
Laundry WorkerH, .Jewelry
Wnrkers, Hotel S_ Resinunint
Employees. Street. Kuilwnyinen,
Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY, Sept. 20—Shoo!
Metal WorkerH, Painters, Machinists  No.   1H2, Shipwrights.
FRIDAY, Sept. 27—Pile Drlvors
& Wooden Bridgemen, Plumbers, Telephone Operators,
Caulkers, Boilermakers Executive, Shipyard Laborers, Woro-
housemen, Mill Ac Fnotory Wor
SATURDAY, Sopt. 28-
Mrs. Lorimer Will Preside,
With Lestor as Speaker,
for Labor Party
Mr, Charles Lestor will deliver tho
address ut noxt Sunday's meeting on
"Tho Deluded Multitude," while tho
chair will bo occupied by ono of tho
best known uud most able of the workers in that section of thc women !s
movement which bas been tho direct
product of the war.
Mis. Lorimer is one who has proven
her ubility ut ull times to think clearly and uct wisely. Those who uro ut
all intimate with the fight which has
had to bo wugod locally to secure anything approaching justice from the
Canadian Patriotic Fund are well acquainted with the sturdy und effective
work of these women. They have steadily maintained that they want no charity outfit suoh as the Patriotic Fund always hns boon and must continue to be,
By the removal of the wnge-oarnor the
govern mont becomes responsible for
the dependents and what tho women
demand is that tho governmont shall
realize und live up to its responsibility in tho fullest sense without inflicting tho luint of charity in addition to
I other indignities.
[ Tlie Lahor Party is lo he congratulated that the active section of the
I soldiers' wives organizations has Join-
led ils ranks. Those women can not be
j either bought, bullied ur wheedled and
I aro umong tho most potent of tho
'forces which aro fighting for democracy here, as Mrs. Lorimer puts it, "for
l the home against tho Huns at home."
Mine Workers to Nominate Member to
Fill Unexpired Term on
the Executive
W. A. Shormau, vice-president of the
IJ. C. Federation of Labor is now in
England in tho 0. E. F. This wus lenrn-
j oil from Tom Biggs, prosidont of District 18, of the I'. Mi W.J who hns been
iu Ihe city this wook.   It is expected that.
! the minors will nominate anothor momber to servo ihe unexpired term of
Bro, Shormail otl tho executive. Slier-
mnn is a.sou of the late Frank Sherman
who played un important putt iu tho
mino workors organization in this provinco some yenrs ngo.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Tho Toumstors and Chauffeurs hold
tlieir regular mooting on Wednesday
evening. The mooting wns well nttended, nnil fifteen new ineinhers were Initialed. The now wnge scale was discuss-
ed uml it is oxpoctod lhat a satisfactory settlement will he reached. Businoss Agent Showier is nwny in Victoria al tending to tho new locul of
teamsters in the Capital Oity.
pay submitted in onr schedule. We
cnn produce a list of names, if desired,
of girls experienced who receive us low
a wage as $7.25 a wook, as already
stated on the llth inst, by the vice-
[ presidont of the union, Mrs. K. C.
! Campbell, It has never been stnted by
us that if was a question of minimum j
wage alone. We know that thero is nn
upward tendency in all tho scales submitted io the proprietors. Thero hns I
also been, as the public know to their
cost, an upward tendency in tho eost
of living; but so fnr no increnso to
meet that increase cost of living has
been mado in tbo Laundry Workers'
"In dealing with the proposal of tho
proprietors to submit the whole mntter
to the minimum wage bonrd, it will bo
noticed by tho public that the proprietors say, ' Wo propose,' but add not one
word about whether it is agreeable or
satisfactory to their employees. They,
tho proprietors, at an early stage in the
troublo, arranged through Mr. McNiven, the deputy minister of Labor, to
meet a committee of our union, but
when Mr. McNiven returned to them
with our agreement to their proposnl,
he discovered that they had changed
thoir mind, would receive no committee,
but had decided amongst themsolves to
refer the wholo matter to tho Minimum
Wngo Bonrd. This attitude lownrds us
doos not show them as boing very anxious about, the inconvenience caused tho
public, Wc, on our part, contend thai
this board would be exceeding its function, nnd however ngreenblo it may bo
to tho proprietors, we on our part, consider it essontiul that a representative
of Labor should lie on any committee
(if uny is necessary), appointed to consider the sehedulo submitted to thc
masters. We consider it would bo unreasonable on our parts us u union, to
expect the proprietors to submit their
case to the presidents of three of tho
most important Labor unions without
thoir body being represented, and wo
conaidor it is unreasonable on their pari
lo insist Ihut we shall submit our ense
to a bonrd upon which we are not personally represented.
In conclusion, we, the Laundry Workers Union, hopo for iho public convenience, especially, that the laundry proprietors will see Jit to bring an early
termination to tho deadlock now exisi-
forward lho resolution re soldiers' dependents wns rend, and tho appointment endorsed by thi! council. A notice of motion wus read to amend tho
constitution of the council giving tho
Council the power to levy assessments
for a strike fund. Tho notice was laid
on tho table until tho next mooting.
Will Meet Oovernment
The membors nf tho executivo of tho
B. C. Federation of Labor resilient on
the coast, along with the representatives of the miners from the Crow's
Nest Pass now on tho const, will meet
the provincinl govornment on Saturday
morning. The matters to ht
uro relating to new legislation
und the strict ent'orcomoul of
Inws pertaining lo tho safety
workers in Ihe province.
desired j
ull the;
of   (ho!
Shipyard Laborers
The Shipyard Laborers, Rlggors and
Fasteners al their last meeting donated $10(1 to tho striking laundry
Workers. Tho question of affiliation
with the B. C. Fedoration of Lahor was
laid over to tho first meeting in December. The local decided |o pay the
Incroasod subscription lo the Federationist.
Telephone Girls
The tolephono girts nro holding u
dunce in the Temple (his ovoning. Oood
music and a general good time is assured lo ull that tako pnrt.
I Miss Gutteridge, reporting o
activities in the Inst two weeks,
' thut her efforts had been principally
confined to (ho laundry workers, but
that the organization of the office
workers wns being curried on, and that
(hey had elected ollicers. Kef erring to
thc laundry workers' strike, she stated
thut all they needed to do now was fo
sit tight, and how (hoy had refused fo
allow thc matter to bo referred to the
Minimum Wage Board, and that tho
laundry workers wero standing behind
thoir wnge scalo. She stnted thnt in
spite of the reports to the contrary
the workers at the Cascade Laundry
wore not satisfied, and instanced as a
proof of this the fact thnt a driver
from that laundry wns a delegate to
the council. Sho ulso reportod that
thc laundry workers were starting a
laundry oh the co-operative plan, and
that over n thousand tickets had been
sold for the danco on Monday nnd
urged the support of organized labor in
the striko, Hor report was received
with loud applause, which intimated
that the council was wholcheurtedly
behind the workers in thoir doninnds.
President Winch roported on tho
nieeting called to deal with the mntter
of ihe Workmen's Compensation Act,
and which Mr. Winn and Parker Williams hud addressed. Ho stated that
ho regretted the fad lhat more officers were not present at tlmt meoting.
Ho also reported ou his attendance nt
the mooting called on behalf of tho
soldiors' dependents, nnd stuted thnt
he had supported their demands,
Mr. Griffin of Senlfle, who is manager of the Mutual Stoam Laundry of
lhat city, and which is owned by labor,
wus grantod the floor to give the council some idea as to how thut institution was started. Mr. Griffin stnted
thut it was a pleasure to him to address the council, and instanced the
difficulties Ihey had had in organizing
the laundry workers iu Scuttle and in
organizing the Mutual Laundry, but
stated aa a result of their effons thoro
wore over J000 laundry workers organized in thnt industry in Seattle and
tho inoal up-to-date and efficient laundry wus the union laundry which they
hnd established, President Winch
thanked Mr. Griffin for his address.
At this point the question of tho
policy of (he FederationiBt was brought
up, anil it wus moved that u commilteo
of fivo ho appointed to investigate info
the policy of ihe paopr, the committeo
lo repori at Ihe next mceling of lho
council. Del. Cotterill stated (hut thc
conncil should know how much tho OU*
thorilies had to do with the way tho
puper wns run, nnd lo whnt extent
they had dictated to tho directors. A.
S. Wells gave (he council all tho information nt his disposal ns to tho
censorship, und lo the chango in tho
editorial writer, and tho renson for tho
same, pointing out thnt for a considerable lime the paper, like all others,
had boen affected by tho censorship.
Del. McVety pointed to Ihe incrense in
the circulation, stating thai it did not,
show very much signs of dissatisfaction, and said that the circulation had
incroasod from H000 copies lo close on
14.0(10 under the present management,
and thnt the board of directors woro
(Continued on Page 4) PAGE TWO
PBIDAT September 20, 1918
We can't make
them fast enough
rT HE workers of British Columbia are quick
* to recognize a good thing. They quickly
recognized the sterling value of
The result is that we need help. Young women
can find pleasant, well-paid work, under the best
working conditions in our factory. Apply at
once. |
•"TWO weeks' demonstration and sale of Men's
* Woollen Underwear at prices impossible to duplicate today. Buy your Winter Underwear here tomorrow and save money.
"The Store That'i Alwayi Busy"
Have your teeth examined--
Let an expert go over them before Fall weather sets in
Isn't it more to your advantage for me to advise you of any weakness and tell you how to protect yoursolf against danger than to
give tho inclement weather a chanco to develop that weakness and
bring nbout acute troublei
Call at my offlce—make a phone appointment if you wish—and
I will examine yonr teeth and advise you.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Spedallit
3 Hastings Street Weat, Cor, Seymoar
X-Bay Sinn token U MCM-
wry;   ten-rear  guarantees
Ezamlnatlona   mid*   on
phont appolfltnuBti.
Offlce open Tuesday and Friday Evenings until 8 o'clock
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BLOCHBERGER, F. B., 819 Broadway Eut 	
BRAND. W, 029 Frailer Street Weet . Sermour J678
B. 0. PRINTING A LITHO. CO., Smrthe ud Homer. Seymour 8288
CLARKE A STUART. 880 Seymour Street Sermonr 8
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple Building Sermour 4*90
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 487 Dnnamuir Street   Seymour 1108
JEFFERY, W. A., 8168 Parker Street .Highland 1187
KeWsHAW.'j. a!, mT Howe'street."
LATTA, RL P., 837 Qore Annie.
MAIN. PRINTINO CO.,  8851 Main Street...
MAINLAND" "PRESSES', Vo Cordova Street Eaet
MoLEAN A SHOEMAKER, Nortr._Vani*ouYer...
 —Sermour 6874
  Seymour 1089
 Fairmont 1988
MiTCHELL-FOLEY; LTD.'.  129 Haatinge Street West ..............Seymour 1086
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Veneouver.
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 600 Beatty Street.-..
ROEDDE, Qi_uj___  Homer Street..
SUN"jd1S PRESSES" W7"pende7°St'i*ee't'."
TECHNICALJ>RE88,_I>00 Beatty_ Street
TIMMS, _k._H.k 280 'Fourteenth 'Avenne" Eaet...
WARD, ELLWOOD A POUND, 818 Homer Street.....
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 572 Qranvllle Street...
WHITE A BINDON, 628 Pender Street Weet	
....Beymour 9692
—Sermonr 364
 Seymour 41
—Seymour 8825
...Fairmont 621R
Beymour 1515
...Seymonr 8526
..Seymour 1214
Write "Union Labal" on Yonr Oopy whan Yon Sand It to tha Printer
Maple Leaf Peaches, tin.. 20c
Quality Pears, largo size.. 25c
Fresh   Herring,   extra   large
size   15c
Black's Pork  and  Beans;  3
for  25c
Clark's  Tomato   Soup,  threo
for  35o
White Spring Salmon  15c
Bed Spring Salmon  20c
Worcestershire   Sauce,   threo
for  25c
B. C. Catsup, per bottle.... 26c
B. C. Chow Chow, bottle.. 30c
Foncy   Waffle   Table   Syrup,
for  «c
Laundry Soap—Same quality as Royal Crown Soap.
Special, IS bars for 25c
B. C. Naptha, 5 for  26c
P. 0. Whito Naptha, 2 for 16c
Fancy   Creamery   Butter —
Packod   in   sanitary   tins.
Special, per tin 45c nnd 66c
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
Workers   Only   Are   Able
to Build a Fairer
The Dove of Peace has heen flapping
its wings lately, but we do not anticipate any formidable movo in that direction at present. The world is sick
unto death of bloodshed, but how to
stop the hideous slaughter is the unsolved problem. The war cannot ecase
without tho whole of society facing us
when this takos placo aro likely to bo
greater than those being endured nt j
present. Tho after the war situation,
to quote tho* words of the bard,
"puzalos tho will and makes us rather
bear the ills wo havo, than fly to others
that wo know not of."
Tlio strike of thc cotton workers of
J-,nncashire seems to bo a sorious
nffair und no doubt has had an effect
on tho health of Lloyd George. As
the official organ of the Labor Party,
the '' Lubor Leador" is prohibited
from entering Canada, We havo no
reliable data on which to form an opinion, but we venture to assort that the
Premier is not so popular as before tho
Derby convention and that now the
Labor Party is perceived to be far
more powerful than tho government anticipated. Tho efforts of Gompers,
Havelock, Wilson and othors to split
thc working class of Britain havo ended iii dismal failure, and although the
toilers of tho old land may not have
a majority of membors in tho Houso of
Commons after the next election, they
will be powerful enough to force tlie
new government to onact legislation of
a nature beneficial to labor. It iB plain
to every observant man that tho war
hns been usod frequently as a pretext
to enable tho master class to curb the
political aspirations of their bondmen.
Take the censorship, for instance, and
nsk yourselves why it is that certain
publications aro allowed to circulate
in the old country and aro forbidden in
Canada. We may bo naturally stupid
and dull and if so thc reader will extend charity, but we cannot for tho life
of us soe how this will help to defeat
the enemy. What harm will it do
tho British Empire or tho Allied causo
if the govornment of Canada allows
the workors of Canada to read what the
workers of Britain aro allowed to publish? If anything gives aid and comfort to the junkers it is such actions
on tho part of tho authorities and wo
have no doubt that the Kaiser and his
gang take every advantage of the opportunities offered them. Thoy can revive tho flagging patriotism of thoir
slaves by pointing out to them how
tho workers in tho Entento countries
arc not allowed to read each others
publications, nor attend an international conference. Tho heavy; sentences on Debs nnd others in the
States will have the same effect. The
treatment meted out to the political
offenders in the Central Empires will
be compared to tho punishment inflicted on certain individuals in God's country.
Glaring headlines and startling editorials will try to make the slaves of
Germany believe they have somothing
to light for and tho arm of Prussianism
will be strengthened thereby. The ono
thing necessary to got the duped working men of Gormany to rise up and
wipe out clean and completely the
whole gang of military humbugs who
regard thc toilers as so much cannon
fodder nnd spending money is to get
thom to realize how much better off
they would bo and how much more liberty thoy would enjoy could they
change places with the artisans of
other lands.
Thero doos not scorn to be any real
desiro for peace among tho workers in
tho Allied countries. This is easy to
understand. Tho Germans have frequently raided France and Britain in
their Zeppelins and airships and many
non-combatants havo lost thoir lives.
The friends and. relatives of theso naturally clamor for revenge and desire'
to seo tho people in Germany got a'
taste of thoir own medicine. Then
again tho Germans Btill occupy Belgium and Northern Franco and wo do j
not think the peace party will amount
to much until the enemy is either
driven out or voluntarily leaves these
territories. Tako a look over tho
strikes in tho Allied countries during;
tho war and you can't flnd one that
was a strike for peace; thoy havo all
been about wages, living or working
conditions and generally both masters
and men have accused each other of being unpatriotic. The rosolution passed
at Derby to thc effect that peace would
bc seriously considered when tho Germans were back in their own country is about tho barometer of public
opinion, and no doubt thu peace party
will become strong when this takes
place. Tho militury party, howover,
will not consider peace until there is not
a single thing left to light. The Allied
urniics have been huving a rough time
for four years and now that they are
beginning to get tho best of it tho
Allied commanders will naturally object to any interference, lt therefore
looks like a winter campaign and a
light in ii linish. In Germany and Austria ever since tho publication of the
Brest-Litovsk treaty and the exposure
of German war aims there lias been a
clamor for peace.
Strikes have taken place us a protest against the reduction of rations
or similar grievances and when mass
meetings have been called tlio fact has
become apparent that the strike was
merely a pretext as far as the rations,
etc., were concerned, because the only
subject seriously dealt with was peace,
and strong resolutions have been passed at nearly every striko calling upon
thc government to muke a peaco embodying no annexations or indemnities.
The German working clnss seem to
lack political ability and it apepars as
a result that Germany will go the way
of Russia in the immediate future. The
Prussian franchise is a joke and leaves
the slaves of Germany more helpless
t hu it ever before from a political standpoint. The pressure on her is becoming
.so great that something is going to.rip
•boforo long. Site looks like caving in.
When litis takes plnce we ure nil in the
air. The developments in Siberia,
China and Japan indicate a shifting
of the scenes. The Paciilc may soon
be almost as level as the Atlantic hits
boon, Much blood lias yet to How.
Don't lot us be downhearted, however,
We must remember that wnr or the
miseries of wnr have their compensations. The workers at least get work.
The world is moving quickly to a new
social order and if a man is mangled in
it machine, or it million die on the battlefield, there is no more pain in so far
as tho   victims   aro   concerned.    Man
ri co-ji resident 11. C. P. nf L., who hon been
appointed ur .tutsidt- n-ju'twontativo for the
Vnncouvor Stoam ami Operating Engineers.
Equal Pay for Equal Work
Not Given Unless This
Is Carried Out
Women Workers Have Dependents Same as
the Males
Washington—Should the minimum
wago for women bo computed for the
support of a woman alone, whilo tho
minimum for men is computed for a
family of five? This question, says
tho National Women's Trado Union
League, is onc which must be faced in
connection with the cost-of-living survey which has just been undertaken
by the U, S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The figures sought, according to tho
official announcement, are needed by
the National War Labor Board, and
all other adjustment boards because
every claim for highor wagos in these
days is based on the increased cost of
living. Will tho adjustment boards,
the women workors aro asking, revise
their mothod and computo for women
and men on the same basis, now especially as the draft proceeds and women
aro rapidly becoming tho chief or almost the sole support of their families?
Wage fixing for women as usually
done," says the Women's Trado Union
League, "is not our idea of a square
deal. It collides right off with the
principlo of oqual pay for equal work.
But, principlo and theory aside for the
moment, tho straight fact is that most
women wage earners, just like most
men wage earners, have other people
besides themselves t,o look aftor. Only
tho fow, relutivoly, like tho few detached men, hnvo themselves alone to
"Timo and again investigations
havo proved this. In tho Bureau of
Engraving and Printing at Washington, where the womon workers como
from families # who have lived for years
in tho vicinity, tho percentage who
havo dependents is 70. In one of tho
recent cases that camo before the National War Labor Board, according to
Miss Marie L. Obenauor, chief of tho
Division of Women Examiners, out of
150 women's budgets representing a
porfect cross section or miniature of
the plant, there was only one where
a girl was found to havo nobody but
herself to look after. Taking tho entire plant, with thousands of workers,
in only 22 per cent, of the cases could
the womon's earnings bo disentangled
from tho family budget.
"Economic equality for women is
long overdue. The National Women's
Trado Union Leaguo urges labor authorities to recognize this fact and
utilize their wage-fixing powers to
establish it."
Opposing Eight-hour Day
St. Paul, Minn.—Managor McGav-eny
of th0 South St. Paul Stock Tards Co.
is making a fight ngainst the oight-hour
day awarded stock yard omployoes last
May, by Fedoral Jadge Alschulor, acting as arbitrator in Chicago.
Organized employees haver mado repeated demands on the managor to
nbide by this award, and they were finally compelled to suspend work. Th-e
manager then demanded a secret ballot
be taken on whether eight hours or ton
hours would prevail. He was defeated,
despite two score policemen, watchmen, foremen nud strnw bosses voting
with him,
How About America?
Washington—In an address in this
city, Mrs. Howard llannuford, wifo of
n misiottary in Japan, stated that girls
12 years of nge worked 30 and 32 hours
a day in that country. THb speaker
emphasized the need for legislation in
Japan to correct this evil.
Colored Firemen Unite
Slldell, La.—Colored stationary firemen huve orgunized und affiliated with
the International Brothorhood of Stationary Firemen.
does not understand thb world in which
he lives or the economic forces on
which he depends. Ho must do so now
or perish, Strictly speaking man .is
not running the war, tho wnr is running
him. Tim munition plants, factories,
shipyards and ull those industries that
have come into being in every country
during the war cun not stop without
stopping our rations. Wur is now tho
sole business of this planet. The means
have become the end. Wo aro on tho
treadmill and can't stop without desl ruction. We can't go on without exhaustion, We aro burning the furniture to keep tho stove going. Keep
up your hearts, however; the common
people will not all perish, they arc the
only class that can't, and although
everylhing they have made may become usolOBS or be destroyed,.' yot in
their heads is tho knowlodgo and in
tlieir hands tho skill necessary to build
another ami u fairer world.
The Returned Soldier Problem as Seen by an
Almost everyone who is interested in
the returned soldier problem and the
reconstruction of society after tho
war has got somo pet scheme of his
or her own by which they consider it
will alleviate some of tho distress and
suffering which they consider will affect tho workers in tho various countries that aro now at war when hostilities cease.
Trado unionists of tho puro and simple variety put forth a scheme for a
six-hour" work day, as they consider
that owing to the closing down of the
various industries whero the workors
are now engaged in making munitions
of war, thoro will consequently bo hundreds of thousands of workers thrown
out of employment; thoroforo thoy
considor by enforcing a six-hour work
day, that theso workors could thereby
be absorbod into othor industries, and
it would at the same time mako tho
conditions of labor better for all workors.
"Tho governont has also a scheme
for placing roturned soldiers back in industry, and havo started vocational
training schools, the idea being to give
tho returned, soldior a chanco to learn
a suitable trade, whereby ho could lit
himsolf for nn industrial pursuit, in
order that he may be enabled to earn
a decent living.
"Theso various schomos soom fino
and workablo to tho superficial thinker,
but when you got down to scientific
reasoning, you realizo that nono of
these schemes mentioned will bring
about the results intondod by those
who no doubt aro conscientiously trying to do somothing that thoy considor
would be in the interest of thoso for
whom they wero put forward.
"Tako the government scheme, for
instance, and see how it applies to a
steam engineer. Previous to tho war,
nud in fact up to July of the prosont
year, steam engineers in this province,
followiug stationary work, were compelled to work from 10 to 13 hours por
day, and recoived loss wages per hour
than common laborers, but owing to a
considerable number of engineers having left tho province to go to France
to fight for their country and freodom,
and maybe the right to como back (if
thoy wore not killed) and go back to
work 13 hours por day if thoy so desired at tho samo rate of pay thoy received before they left, but which owing to tho action of ugitators or perhaps somo Hun—in tho Labor movo-
iu ent, these conditions havo been
changed, for tho engineers nro now only
working eight hours per day and aro
receiving in dollars and cents about
twice as much per hour as they received proviouB to tho war. Howover,
these conditions tbat have been established by organized labor during tho
war may not be satisfactory to the roturned soldier, as ho may feel inclined
to go buck to tho old 13-hour shift per
day, but I have my doubts. Under this
industrial system of competition, as
soon as tho returned soldior has his
pay stopped by the military authorities, he is compelled to hustlo a job, for
the soldior has not had an incrcaso in
wages since tho commencement of tho
war, and the purchasing power of a
dollar is only half that which it was iu
pre-war days.
When the returned Boldior starts to
hunt for a job, ho finds ho is competing
with a man already holding tho job,
and if ho bc a steam engineer, he finds
that the government has arranged a
scheme to give other returned soldiers
a chance to becomo engineers, by giving them a course in a vocational training school freo of charge, thus increasing thc competition among engineers
for thc various jobs, aud thereby eventually decreasing wages for thoso workers who aro steam engineers. Take tho
new recruit without a trade, who takes
a course iu the vocational training
school. He imagines all he has to do
is to settle down to hard study for six
or twelve months, then get a good
steady job for tho rest "of his lifo, and
all his worldly troubles will bo ovor.
But alas! for him; under this competitive system, tho main thing considered
by an employer, whether ho bo a capitalist or workingman, is profit, and
even officials in shipyards engaged on
government work are not koen on employing returned soldiers unless they
can deliver the goods, by being as efficient and capable as the othor workers.
In most instances, tho returned soldior
finds himself in this position, that owing to privations suffered, from shell-
shock, gan, wounds, etc., his nerves arc
somewhat unsteady, ho thorefore cannot compete successfully with thc man
who has not been to the war, and he
is therefore compelled to offer his services at a lower wago than tho man
now on the job, and tho would-be patriotic employer is prone to take advantage of this' in order that his profits
may be increased by getting cheaper
labor. Therefore the outlook for tho.
roturned soldier who proposes to take
a course in steam engineering through
the vocational training school in not
cry promising, as tho best ho can expect to get by working for wages, oven
should he find steady omploymont, will
be just sufficient to enable him to reproduce his power to labor, in order
that he, ns well as tho machine he oporates, may bo ablo to continue on producing goods so long as there are sufficient surplus vuluos created by him and
the machino to satisfy tho owner of tho
particular industry whero he may bc
employed. If this then is all that thc
government of Cnnada intends to do
for those who have been away fighting
for freedom nnd democracy, then tlieir
scheme will fail, for it will not satisfy
the returned soldier, who will demand
somothing bettor, something whereby
ho will not bo dependent on the law of
supply and demand of labor, as to
whether ho shall havo sufficient in tho
form of wages to enablo him to purchase the necessities of life after having been educated that ho has been
lighting for freedom and liborty.
Tako the six-hour work day scheme,
and seo how it will apply under a competitive system for tho worlds trade,
whicli no doubt our present rulers will
attempt to engage in at tho end of the
present war, During tlio present war,
the industrial development in Japan
aud China has been so rapid tharthese
countries have now become a menace
to America nlong industrial lines. Already they ure filling the murkets of
the world with their cheaply produced
commodities, and so long as they can
continue producing commodities cheap-
er than another nation, so long will
they continue to gain control of the
world's markets, and even tho dullest
thinker must realize that if two workors aro givon similar machines to operate to their fullest enpacity by each
man, they will produce in a given number of hours the samo amount of products. Therefore, the Asiatic worker
operates his machine 12 hours a day
for $1 in wages and the Britisher operates his for $2,00. Providing everything olse is equal, the Asiatic will be
able to produce his goods the cheaper;
therefore, if production for proflt under
a competitive commercial system is to
bo carried on after this war, you, Mr.
Worker, havo got to be prepared to
produce commodities as cheaply as
your competitors, and if you do not do
so, you have got to out of business as
a competitor, but bofore a nation goes
out of business, it usually puts up a
scrap in order to try to put its competitor out of business.
Tho competition for trade botween
tho various nations after tho war will,
no doubt, bo very kcon, as production
will bo carried on in every country in
tho most scientific manner possiblo,
thereforo, unless the workers responsible for thc six-hour work day scheme
desire a repetition of tho present war,
which no doubt would result if production is still to bo carried on merely for
tho purposo of producing profits in tho
form of surplus values, for the bonefit
of tho ownors of tho various industries,
thon those workers who aro responsible
should bo made to go out and do tho
fighting, and not thoso who aro trying
to abolish this competitive system of
production which no doubt is tho real
cauBo of all wars.
Those who have given tho social problem a littlo doopr study, whether they
bo capitalist or workor, realizo that a
moro drastic chango has got to take
place in society, before any problem
haB been solved. They also realize that
this war haa beon the means of bringing together the productivo forces of
the various nations for the purposo of
carrying on tho war of destruction, and
now thnt those forces have becomo
welded together ,and are now practical*
ly under the control of our various governments, and that the representatives
in the government are elected to office
by the vote of the workera, therofore,
if the working men and womon will
seo to it that representatives of their
own class aro clcctod to governmont
office, and instructed when taking office, to immediately take over the control of the various industries, and instead of allowing the productive forces
of * snmo to be uaed for the purpose of
destruction, have them used to feed,
clothe and sholter humanity in comfort.
If tho workers will do this instead of
continuing to croato surplus values to
make this world merely a pleasure
house for the rich, and will get together
and use their productive ability to
make it a treasure house for tho poor,
then, maybe, tho social problem will bo
FrlnUri to Thi Fidtntlonltt
Tit   fcderfttltmltt   la   produced   from
Mf  maAsm  aewiptper   printing   plant.
You will not
be "soaked"
q So many people neglect
their eyes even when they
know they should have
them attended to—when
they know they Bhould be
wearing glasses — because
they aro afraid they will
be overcharged—and because of the uncertainty of
the cost.
fl I- want any of you union
men who feel that you
may require glasBeB—you
or your wives—to come in
and let me examine your
eyoB. Let me tell you what
iB wrong—if anything—
what it will cost to give
you glasses that will make
seeing and living more
q My optical Bervice iB the
most efficient and tho most
reasonable on the coast.
Stymour 1993
Granville Optical Oo.
Below Drysdale'a
; Canada Food Board -
;   Licence 8—1865   ■
It's a Winner
Our Cash and Carry System Is a system of certain saving. You carry tbem
away (er much less than you can have
them delivered.
Butter—Fancy Government Alberta,
por pound *.    52c
Fresh Local Eggs, dozen    70c
Coffee, Fresh ground, pound -.   35c
Fancy Preserving Pears, large box $1.75
Fancy Plums, per crato  91.75
Fancy Prunes, 20-lb. box $1.65
Tomatoes, per crato     86c
Crisco, 3 cans for $1.00
Sago, 2 lbs. for    25c
Fancy Sultana Raisins, lb    15c
Puro Lard, in bulk, lb    35c
Compound Lard,  lb    80c
Fresh and Cured Heats—All Kinds—
Money-saving Prices
S. T. Wallace's
118 Haatinga St. W.
SET. 1268
England Sends Some
New Velvets
English Velvets excel all
others in service—and in
beauty. It is acknowledged.
The French make fine hat
velvets—but it is to Britain
we look for Costume Velvets.
"We neve'r carried so many
kinds as this year—Corduroys, Chiffon Velvets, Velveteens and Plushes.
27-inch Corduroy Velvet
(narrow cord) in all shades;
per yard    95o
27-inch wide Cord in all colors; per yard  $1.26
Pin Cord Velvet in whito
only; 27-inch, per yard..$1.50
45-inch finest quality narrow
Cord Velvet, in nigger
brown, Russian green, navy,
black, white; per yard..$2,75
Plain Velveteen, in all colors, 23-inch; yard    95o
Saba Bros.
17he Silk Specialists
Are You All Fixed?
begins on September 14—DUCK
SEASON on the 21st.
If it happens you'll be needing
a few things—keep us in mindl
As Vancouver's leading Sport*
ing Goods store, we venture to
suggest a little timely list. They
may set you thinking, anyway.
BOYAL SHELLS (12 and Id-
gauge)—Por box     $1.25
CANUCK SHELLS (12-gauge)—
Per box  .J1.35
U.M.C. SHELLS (in Arrow,
Nitro-Club and Bemingtos
NOTE—TIb supply of these last la
generally limited.
for rifles.
CLOTHING; WADERS, SUCKERS, eto. Everything the hunter
Wa Sail Game Llcenjea
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
Near Homer
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hastings Street Weit
Should be in the home of
every man-
is it nr yours?
—Phone Fairmont 86M—
Pocket Billiard
(Bnuuwlak-Bllke Collender Co.).
—Headquartera for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccoa,    Olgara   and
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
Phone Seymou-- 7160
Third Floor. World Building
—The only Union Shop In Vancourer—
TENTH YEAR.   No. 38
(Di Vmcoot«\
Oity, 18,00 )
$1.60 PER YEAR
Only the best will serve!
_ Men who produce are entitled to the best. Intelligent men know that the best is the cheapest
and insist upon quality first, guaging the valfte
offered by the price charged for quality. In
dentistry, only the best will serve, for cheap
dentistry, with inferior materials and unskilled
workmanship, is always the most expensive in
the end—costly in trouble, in pain and inconvenience, in money in the long run. I offer, only
the best of everything—the finest materials that
money can buy—the greatest care and skill.
Dental delays are costly, for the dividing lines
between a filling and a crown—between a crown
and a lost tooth—are dangerously thin. See me
at once. '
IJ A careful dental examination will
inform yon ae to the exact state of
your mouth. I shall he pleased to
make this for yon.
Fine Dentistry
Announcing our appointment
as PENSLAR Agents
for Vancouver—
WE purpose in the future featuring these nationally known Remedies, sold under absolute guarantee. You are safe when you buy Penslar preparations;
the formula is plainly printed on each label for your
protection. We want you to have a copy of the Penslar Health Book, and get acquainted with these Remedies.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
40B Hastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1965 and 1966
7 Hastings Street West Seymour 3632
782 OranviUe Street Seymour 7013
Oor. Oranvllle and Broadway        Bay. 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 and 1733-0
Styles, $20.00, $25.00, $30.00 and up
Wc could buy suits to sell at a cheaper price, but would not
give them shop room.
We stand behind all our goods, but could not guarantee
muoh of the cheap cotton goods that are being sold today. Let
us have an opportunity of showing you our stock.
Seymour 8380
Dr. Reid's Cushion Sole Shoes for Men
Dr. Reid's Cushion Shoe is a shoe of ideal
foot comfort.
It's not necessary to have your feet hurt
you. Look into the Cushion sole proposition. The lasts are nature shaped, and
will free you from corns, bunions and all
foot troubles.
Tho leathers nro soft nnd pliable; single or double soles.
Every sizo for perfect fitting.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Specials for Saturday
Men's Sox, worth 50c.   Saturday, 3 pairs for $1.00
Men's Elastic Suspenders, worth 50c, for.   35c
Men's Elastic Suspenders, worth 75c, for.   50c
Men's W. G & R. Shirts, worth $2.00, for.   $1.50
Men's Working Pants, worth $4.00, for $2.85
We have now in stock a special range of English Wool Taffeta
Shirts, winter weight, bought eighteen months ago,
and just now delivered.   Price, each	
Our fall stock of Stanfield's Underwear is now complete, and
we arc selling it at thc same prices as we would have to pay
for it if we were buying it today.
Wc are now showing our Winter range of
Men's Rubber-lined Raincoats	
$18 to $25
117 Hastings Street East
Toronto   Saturday   Night
Misrepresents Miners'
The following article whieh we reproduce from the Toronto Saturday
Night should prove interesting reading'
to our readers, and especially to the
miners of the province.
The coal miners of the country are
not, so far as wo have ever known,
overburdened with wages, although wo
havo heard of their short hours, etc.,
etc., but havo never as yet found any
foundation for these stories. Heaven
knows this province has had onough of
tho Asiatic in the mines, and any attempt to bring more coolio labor into
this province, or in any other part of
the country, will bo resisted. Tho Nova
Scotia miners havo declarod that they
will strike as soon as the first coolie
enters tho mines. Tom Moore of Toronto, who has seen the miners and
knows thoir sentiments, says that if
the government deliberately breaks
faith with organized labor in this respect, and which tho paper in quostion
advocates, would prccipitato one of the
most serious situations that tho country has ever faced.
Toronto Saturday Night may want
coolie labor, but the minors do not, and
in thoir opposition the rest of the miners are bohind thom.
"Liboral Leader Carvell is to be
commended for his manly stand in
respect to tho importation of coolies
to soo us over a labor cricis. Silly
sentimont over tho question of importing a sufficient number of Chi-
nest to bring our coal mines and
othor necessary employments up to
the point whero production may meet
tho demand should not bo nllowed to
interfere Other membors of the
cabinot have boen 'pussy-footing'
over this question ever since the
Union govornment took hold, but
Frank Carvell is the only member
with sufficient nervo to como out and
oxpross a viow that tho majority of
them hold, but for political reasonB
(and thero was to bo no politics in
this goveernment) nro afraid to express. Owing to inadequate labor
our coal mines are not by any means
producing tho tonnago they should.
•The Nova Scotia mines have been on
a stead down grado so far as production iB concerned for many
months, and there is no hope, with
tho labor now available, to hotter
this condition. In tho Canadian West
tho mines nro also in a bad way from
tho same causes. Wo cannot hopo
for much relief from the United
States, nor should wo expect it: If
their coal experts' figures aro correct
they aro now mining in both anthracite and bituminous fields just now
nbout enough coal for their own uso,
and what we obtain from them
means just thnt much of a shortage
in their own country. If our coal burning plants are silent and our homos
cold during the coming winter it will
bo tho fault of our cabinet ministers
who, unlike Mr. Carvell, refuse to
face tho crisis. If Franco and England can import Chinese labor to help
out during the war, why not Canada? Tho coolies working behind the
lines in Franco aro roported to be
giving splendid service nt any work
they undertnke, and unquestionably
tho same results would be experienced hore. Our coal miners are working short hours for hugo pay, with
tho result that they feel they can afford to loaf a good share of tbo time,
with thc rosult that production is
far below normal. It is late, but not
too Into, to romedy the situation.
Had our cabinet dono its duty theso
coolies would long ago havo been arranged for under indenture to go
homo when the war is over, and
would now be on tho job, making it
certain that many of our big manufacturing plants, steel works, for instance, will not be obliged to slow
down or to close next winter for lack
of fuel. Think what that would
mean. It would cut down the country's production of war materials to
a minimum, and wonld bc felt in
every community in one form or another.   However, there is still time
Bridgeport Workers to
Vote on Industrial
Washington—Eleven thousand worn-
i, workers in tho munition factories
ut Bridgeport, Connecticut, where tho
law denies them a voice in the government of their community, stato or nation, will nevertheless be among tho
voters who aro about to cast their ballots in a local election. It is not an
ordinary election, to be sure. It is
an industrial election, and almost com-
munity-mado—a thing . unprecedented
in this country. Its purpose is to
choose representatives of the working
people upon a board which will control tho conditions undor which those
people work. And this is a caso where
working women, as well as working
men, are considered people; therefore
thoy vote.
Tho Bridgeport industrial eloction
comos about ns the method by which
the munition workers of that city will
put into oporation tho decision of thc
National War Labor Board in tho disputo between tho employees and employers in the 66 Bridgeport plants
making arms and ammunition. Theso
plantB practically constitute tho city
of Bridgeport. Like all previous decisions of tno board, this one. ordors
the institution of a system of collective bargaining., "Wo have passed
from the day of tho individual to the
day of tho group, and tho will of the
group shall hove precedence over the
'will of tho individual," is the
Inngunge of the decision, which provides further tlmt tho locnl bonrd referred to shall consist of six members, three to be chosen by the work-
era, three by the employers, and a
chairman to be appointed by nnd to
represent the seeretary of war.
The election at which the workers'
representatives are to be chosen will
be the elimination of a proccduro no
less dramatic. The workers in oach
of the 66 plants concerned will elect
shop committees to deal with the management of the respective plants. Members of these committees will be chosen
ob delogatcs to a convention which is
to bc representative of the workers in
all the factories in Bridgeport, nnd
this convention will nominate the candidates for election.
The function of the local board will
bo to adjust such futuro differences
between employers and employees as
cun not bo settled between themselves.
If tho local board finds itself unable
to effect a settlement, the case will
ngain como beforo the National War
Lubor Board.
to get theso coolies on the job and
speed up production where white
labor has failed to do its duty."
As An Orator He Had No
Peer in the Socialist
Wo regret to announce the death of
our old friend and comrade, H. M. Fitz-
gorald, at Tranqullle Sanatorium, on
Saturday laBt. For somo considerable
timo now Fitz has been hanging on by
a thread, and his sufferings cooped up
at Tranc|uillo have beon mental ob well
as physical. That ho will bo missed,
goes without saying, for a man of his
mentality and ability can bo ill spared
in the working class movemont in these
stirring times.
Fitz was 45 years of ago, and leaves
a widow and one child, a son. To his
loved ones wo extend our doopest sympathy. r       '
Fitzgerald came to the coast in 1909,
from Australia, whero ho was well-
known, and took an activo part in tho
working class movemont of that country. Ho followed Walter Thomas Mills'
trail, so persistently exposing the
weakness of his theories that as a result, Mills loft the country.
His stamping ground in Vancouver
was at the corner of Columbia and Hastings street, and many a speech has ho
delivered to the wage slaves at that
point. He also took an activo part in
tho propaganda work of tho Socialist
Party of Canada, and spoke on their
platform in all parts of the provinco.
As an orator, he was a genius, and he
will never be forgotten by tho workers
ns an ablo chamuion of thoir views.
His greatest speech was delivered at
Lcthbridgo during tho Alborta elections
in 1913, when Jones ran as a Labor-
Liberal, and Joo Knight and Charley
0 'Brien and othors were candidates on
tho Socialist Party ticket. His speech
at that time was admitted by tho
friends of E. B. Bennett as being a
greater effort than over Bennott put
forth, and that as an orator Fitz was
his superior. During one of the South
American revolutions, Fitz played a
prominent part, and was shot in the
wrist, the wound to tho day of his
death nover having healed up. He suffered from tuborculosis, and enlargement of the heart. His emotional nature aggravated his otherwise grave
condition. His recent letters to World
denouncing certain individuals, among
whom was W. A. Pritchard, showed
that at the end, his mentality was
impaired, which is not to be wondered
at when his physical condition is considered. His strictures on Pritchard
were unwarranted, for W. A. is ono of
thc ablest, and as broad-minded and
fair a man aa thore is in the working
class movemont, and wo feel that ho is
too big a man to bo swayed by any personal feeling in his dealing with members of tho working class, as Fitz suggested. However, even in health, all of
us have faults, and Fitz's physical infirmities should mnke our judgment n
charitable one. Thut Fitz was respected und loved by his mnny comrndes and
friends, there cun be no doubt, nnd
while he is gono from our midst, ho will
bo remembered nud his work will con
tinue. Like John Brown, his spirit, in
other words his tenchings, will bc
found inarching on.
Seattle, Wash.—A new union of
tenmsters with 27 chnrter members wns
orgunized ut Enumclaw nnd an organization drive started in which it is expected the balanco of 150 teamsters
engaged in tho town and on auto interurban freight work to and from
the mines and logging camps nearby
will be brought into the union. C. M.
Duhlager, business agent of Seattle
Teamsters' Local No. 174 and president
of the Northwest Joint Council of
Teamsters Unions, accompuuied by
Harry Dail of Local No. 174, assisted
in starting thc new local.
the business we're doing
—if you knew the number of people buying FALL
SUITS—both men and women
— you'd perhaps appreciate
that there are wiser people
than yourself in the world-
yes! and in this city—people
who recognize—knowing from
old experience—that the "B.
C." makes in the most perfect
manner from the finest woollens the world produces, and
moreover can submit you a
choice of patterns unobtainable at any other store. And
all this at the most economical
935 UP
128 Hastings Street East
Neat Theatre Boyal   (Old Pantages)
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lvmp
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
M_l_-__. _\\__
macdonald-Marpole Co.
United States Calls Union Girl
Chicago—Miss Elizabeth Christmnn,
for six years genernl secrctarly-trcasu-
rer of the International Glove Workers'
Union, has been appointed chief of women investigators of tho national war
Labor board. She will nssist women
workers to present their grievances to
thc board.
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendant!
Travel Comfort
Coniult Our Nearest Agent or Writo
Telephone Beymour SMS
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU Allow
W* Deserve Trade Union Patronaje
No. 1 No. 2
1D7 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
ilUIIUIUIIIIIIIIIRIIIIllIlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllliUlll! PAGE FOUR
IB. t
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federntionlst, Limited
A. S. Wells..
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496
After 6 p.m.: Bey   7497K
Subscription; $1.50 par y«ar;    ia Vanoouver
City,  $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.25
"Unity of Labor:   tbt Hope of the World"
PBIDAY September 20, 1918
THE  recent  disaster  at   Nunaimo
again brings to the attention of
the public tho dangerous naturo
of the mining industry.   It must also
call to its attention Ihe fact thut the
laws    enacted    for
THE LAWS tho    protection    of
AND THEIR thc  workors of the
ENFORCEMENT province are uot
enforced. Not that
this is anything new, but in nny ease
where a number of men lose theie lives
it is made an outstanding fact.
# * *
The Coal Mines Regulation Act of
thia province is stated to bo one of
the best laws of its kind in the world.
This may bo truo, but thc enforcement
of that act cannot be said to be any*
thing exceptional. Under the late government tho non-enforcement of this
act was the cause of one of the most
bitter strikes in the annals of tho
country, and as pointed out by the
Federationist a short time ago, was
also tho causo of the province losing
the best typo of miners that any country ever gathered together.
* * *
The troublo at Fernie is another instance of thc fact that sufficient attention iB not given to tho safoty of tho
men that work iu the mining industry. The governmont at this time is
in possession of information gathorod
from expert scientific investigation,
which proves that the working of tho
mines at this place more than one shift
per day is highly dangerous, and yot
we find that the men of tho Crow's
Nest Pass are compelled to strike in
order that thoy may securo such conditions in the mines as will provide at
beet only the minimum of safety.
*        * *
From the evidence taken at the inquest at Nanaimo into the cause of tho
death of the sixteen miners that met
their fate last week, through the
breaking of tho cable that operated the
cage in tho mino, it is very evident
that even the most cursory care was
not taken to see that the lives of the
minors were protected. Mr. Brown
Overman at the shaft in quostion, in
his statement in roply to questions by
Mr. Johnson, Deputy Attorney-General,
stated "that during the three yearB
of his tenancy of the overman's position he had actually seen the rope or
cake inspected eight or ten times, and
that he did not think he had done so
in the past four months. Ho further
stated that Nicholson, who was inspecting the ropes, had only beon acting as inspector for about nine days
prior to the accident. Ho also admitted that he had never in practice
carried out rulo 20, which demands
that  the  overman shall  examine  the
takou of the workers. And the blame
in tlie lust analysis, where does it rest?
It rests on the men that elect the em
ploying cluss to power on election dny
The moral should be evident to all
the workers of this province, to all
of the workers of this country. It is
this: when they write the laws for
thomsolves and enforce them thoy will
be made nnd enforced in their own
interests nnd not until.
Tthe men who are serving in the
military forces, is not an enviuble
one. But they assitsed to elect the
government now in power, and having
done so we hope
ALLOWANCES that they reulizc
OF SOLDIERS' that the working
DEPENDENTS      class candidates   at
the last election
were mnking :i pretty good guess as
to the treatment that would be meted
out to the workers by the government
when elected. For they stated on every
platform that they spoke from, thut
the government if elected would represent the employing class, and whose
interests were not tho interests of tho
common people. Organized labor has
ut ull times taken the stand thut men
called to militnry service should be
paid ut loast the same rate us the industrinl workors, nnd huving taken
that stund it must bo behind the soldiers' dependents in their demand* for
an incrense in the allowance now given
to the ones whose support hus been
taken, or hns gono from them, to fight
the battles of thc country. j
Organized Labor Is Informed as to Shipyard
FRIDAY September 20, 1918
The cost of liv
figures supplied by the Department of
Labor at Ottawu, has gono up over 75
per'cent, since the outbreak of tho war,
and we ure prepared to tako tho figures
as being correct. Thon thore should bo
no hesitation on tho part of tho govern*
ment in granting the modest demands
of the peoplo affected. The government was elected on tho win-the-war
platform, and if that is its object, then
it should havo no diffidence in paying
for it, but like all othor governments
that do not reprosont tho workers—or
the fighters for that matter—but the
employing class of tho country which
is making profits—undreamed of in tho
past—as a rosult of tho war, wo aro
prone to think that thu government
will need lots of porsuasion beforo it
will grant tho demands as presented
as a result of last Saturday's mootings
in Vancouver, and if the goneral public intends to seo this matter righted
there will havo to bo some plain speak-
ing, and in that organized labor will
not be laggard, und tbe soldiors' dependents can rest assured that as long
ns they have any desire to mako conditions bettor, either by agitation, or
by any action that will be in tho intorests of the common people of this
country, thnt the labor movemont of
this province is with thom. Tho mon
in the main overseas, and who will go
overseas, are of tho working class.
Their wrongs are the wrongs of tho
working class, uud will bo so looked
upon until they aro righted, and that
will not be consummated when the do-
pendents' allowances are incroaBed,
but will only be accomplished when the
production and distribution of the
wealth produced by the working class
is controlled and governed by tho producing class, and not as at present by
thc ruling class, who produce nothing
but trouble for tho workers. To that
it is welcome and no more.
Safety First Is the Object of
Board—Men Asked to
At the meeting of members of organizod lubor cnlled by President
Winch of tho Cenral Body on Tuesday
cvujiing for tho purposo of having the
Workmen 's Compensation Act explained by members of tho Compensation
Act board, President Winch, in opening tlie meeting, stated that thoso who
were ut the last meeting of tho Trades
and Lubor Council would remember the
discussion us to the number of nccidents in thu shipyards, and as a result
of that discussion he had   soon   Mr. j 	
■ Winn, the chairman of the board, who Lf ]lornia"tho same trouble was found,
,g, according to the luul oHotoa to attend any meeting in in deciding if tho hernia was due to
«,« tww.-*™.-...* „*.ordi-r   that    the   fullest   information! -.--■*■- - ,.*...
position on the continent. Referring to
Dr. Hull, the medicul officer, he culled attention to the fact that ho
hud come from the rnuks of tho common people, und that lie hnd been one
of the largest contract doctors in the
province. He also pnid u tribute to the
work of Mr. Gilmour us the safety first
member of the board und to his knowledge of the subject und of muchinery.
Dealing with medical aid, he Btated
that the workers were entitled to the
best that the land could provide in
both medical and hospital treatment
when injured. He instanced the plans
by which medical aid was provided,
giving the two plans, the first being
the one cent per day, which provided for
all medical treatment to workers injured, and tho second plan, which gave the
board power to approve of any plan
which tho workers were paying into at
the rate of $1 per month or more which
provided medical treatment for the
workers and tbeir families, not only in
cuses of uccident, but in ordinary sickness, but which must bo sanctioned by
the board und give us good treatment
as was provided by tht1 board under
the ono cont per day system in the caae
of accidents. Referring to the cases
which gave most trouble, he instaneed
hernias and sprained backs, stating
that the modical profession claimed
that out of the number of cases whioh
were thought to bo strained backs, only
one per cent were caused by strains,
and in most of the cuses it waB a diseased condition, such *is lumbago, ot
other causes, and that under these conditions thc board had much difficulty
in coming to decisions.    In the case
Federated Labor Party
Meeting Supports
Dealing with the   peaco   resolution
passed recently by the British Labor
,    „ , .     , i conference at Derby,  tho  Now York
shaft, cage, ropo and all gear at least Ev{mi      Posf has    the   following   to
onco  ii   woek.    Hn had   nrobablv  done I	
once a week. "Ho had probably done)"!,"*
so some five or six times in the past •
three years." Continuing, his evidence,
he said: I
*        * *
"In the whole of his service as overman, extending over more than threo
years, witness had novor soon the dogs
or clutches taken off the cage, and as
far as he knew the only repairs which
. had beon made to them were on the
ocension when a pin on the east side
of the cage that had fallen was found
to be defectivo und a new pin had been
put in its place by the blacksmith.
This was probably a year ago, and as
far as ho Knew was tho only time any
repairs had been made to them in the
three years. Mr. Menzies, the ropo
inspector, had on one occasion found
that onc of thc slides which keep tb<
cage ou thc guides, was loose, aud
this had been repaired immediately.
Menzies very frequently tested the
rope, quite us often, ho believed,
once a week, though tho last occasion
on which he hud personally seen him
do so was about four months ago, und
then he allowed the whole length of
the rope to run through his bunds as
the cage wus being lowered slowly for
the purpose."
From tho abovo it will be seen thut
proper care und inspection has not been
the rule, und we are not inclined to
think that the individual is to blame,
but the raanagomont, und more thun
anything else the non-enforcement of
the act. This is the duty of the gov
ernment. The disaster at South Wei
lington sometime ago was due to the
non-enforcement of the laws of the
lund, and while thc inquest in this cuse
hns been adjourned to October, in order that expert opinion can be gained
:a» lo thc causes of tho accidont, it is
more than likely thut iu the meantime
the mutter will bo forgotten and the
parties responsible for the accident
will bo whitewashed. Any attempt of
this kind should be carefully wutched,
not because of the pust, but in ordor
tltat the blame cun be plncod where it
bolong, so that the miners may in tho
future be safeguarded against accidents caused either by tho non-
enforcement of the law or negligence
ou thc purt of any official.
Tbe B. C. Federation of Labor hus
time und time again asked for the
strict enforcement of the Iuwb of the
province us pertaining to labor, but
until thc workers take a tumble, und
reulizc that thc government of this
province, like uny other government,
does not represent their interests, but
is the executive of the employing clnss,
they cun not expect the laws to be
enforced if by their enforcement it
will interfere with the profits of the
employers. Profit is the Ood. Wliat
aro the lives of a few workers? There
aro plenty more; if not at hand there
are lots of them in China, and they are
of a cheaper variety than the home
product. Steol guides cost moro to the
employers than do the workers, or they
would be installed. Safety devices ure
costly things, true thoy ure produced
by labor, but thoy aro not the property
oi lubor whon produced, and until the
workers see that the products of labor
belong to labor, sueh things will go
on. Profit is the goal, and until that is
eliminated there will be no proper core
In   this light  the  Derby peace
resolution is not at the bottom  a
peaee resolution at  all;  it is nn
attempt to put Labor on record as
early us may be *or after-tho-war
purposes.   Mr. Henderson and the
other   labor   leaders   aro   hardly
naive enough to believe   that   as
soon as tho Germnns have recross-
ed the French and Bolgian frontier, it will be in human nature for
the French or the Belgians, after
four years of agony, to hold out
arms of trustful reconciliation to
the   invader.     Mr.   Henderson   is
aware thut u good deul more must
hnppen before words of peace cun
bc addressed to Germany.   But he
is thinking of after the wur.   He
is thinking of the time when peace
permits tho resumption of international life; and then   tho   record
shall read that the   Labor   Purty
was the first to spenk for reconciliation.   He is thinking of that
Leaguo of Nations  to  which the
thoughts of so  many  others  aro
turning, and it   shall   bc   on   tho
record that Labor was the first to
disavow the gospel of vindictive-
ness.   Within England ho must be
thinking as the Italian and French
and German Socialists arc thinking
about their own countries, of tho
time when the reaction of the war
is felt, when the peoples begin to
count up  their losses,   when   the
great war debts press down hard
upon thc musses, when tho spirit of
discontent is rife. In order to capitalize such discontent for Socialism, the historic purty of protost,
no lime must be lost now.   Every-
whoro Socialism  is  organizing to
win back the role und the prestige
whieh it lost in the war.
If    we    understand    the    situation
aright,  Mr.  Henderson  and   his   col
leagues, und the representatives of the
Socialist groups of tho allied countries
aro uot looking so much for political
offect us  they are to the ehniieos of
bringing about pence us eurly us possi
ble.    Recently wo pointed out thut Iho
representative Socialists of the nllied
countries recognized the growing revolutionary  (.'lenient in    Germany,    nnd
they also recognized tho policy of Hiding that revolutionary element in their
Offorts to overthrow the militury despotism  in  the Contral  Empires,  from
without.    And to attempt to construe
the efforts of the workers of the allied
countries iu their efforts for pence as
merely a political dodge for the purpose of gnining prestige either lost or
yet to be won is nonsense.    No men
loss given to politicul jugglery arc in
ixis'tonce In the world  than the mea
referred  to, and the    efforts    to    roost ublish   the   '' International"   is   a
movo to givo tho revolutionary movement   in   Gormany   and   Austria   a
chnnce to show itself nnd for it to feel
that their comrades in other lands nre
wilh  them. '
In Prance us well as iu England lhi
Socialist movoment is passing Into tho
hands of tho roal revolutionary groups.
In Franco (he movement hus been cap'
turod by tlio .lonn Loguot, or, us thoy
ure termed, tho extremists of the Ho-
cialist movement. The same thing cun
be suid of the Italian movement, and
the samo cun bu said in Germany. The
revolutionary movemont in that country  is  growing daily,   but   with   the
could be given. He had therefore arranged for the meeting, but regretted
thut it wus not better attended. He
puid tribute to tho attention that was
given to the casos that tho board had
brought to their attention, and requested thoso present not to tako advantage
of the members of the board being
present to bring up personal cases. Ho
then cnlled upon Mr. Parker Williams
to address tho meeting.
Mr. Williams stated that ho appreciated the fairness of tho chairman in
asking those present not to bring up
personal cases. He instanced the policy
of the board whieh was to tako ovory
possiblo opportunity in gotting public
hearings, but that in Vancouver that
opportunity had not been afforded for
somo reason or another, and while the
board had addressed very nearly evory
local union in Victoria and in other
parts of the province, that this opportunity had not been given them in
Referring to the number of accidents
in the interior, he stated that by far
the larger part of tho names of tho
men injured showed that they
had como from Continental Europe. Boforring to the unorganized men, he pointed out the
difficulties that the board had in dealing with men that could not evon speak
tho language of the country. Beferring
to thc special convention of the B, C.
Federation of Labor in September of
last yoar, he said that a good opportunity had been missed for placing the
working of the act beforo tho workers
of all parts of the province, but that
thc moeting of the evening was evidence of a different attitudo at this
Ho gave a resume of tho development
of the machinery of production, and
at the samo time the development of
the laws as to compensation for personnl injury during employment.   Dealing with the old laws ho pointed out,
tho fact that tho cost of the litigation ]
entailed was always a handicap to the
workers, and tho employers could, by
having tho  monoy  behind thom, employ better legal   talent,  and at  tho
sume time delay tho caso   until   tho
workers  or  thoir  dependents   through
economic  pressure  wero  compelled  to
accept a compromise.   Taking tho Employers Liability acts and tho insurnnce companies that dealt with this
kind of insurance, he statod that the
companies got their business from thc
employers ou account of their ability
in getting tho cases settled nt tho lowest possiblo cost    to    the   omployers.
However, later it was proven to the
employers that the present method was
more economical, and that it waB no
use labor fooling itself thinking it had
got tho legislation, as it was due to
this fact being recognized by the employing clnss that the  legislation became possible.
Mr. Winn, chairman of the board,
thanked thc chairman for having given
him the opportunity of addressing tho
workers in Vancouver, He statod that
either ono or the other members of
the board had addressed nearly ovory
local in tho province outsido of Vancouver, and that tho board realized
that no legislation could bo a success
unless tho peoplo wore behind it.
Referring to the work of the board,
he said that thoy had to deal with
125,000 people, and that many difficulties had to be faced. He instanced tho
troublo with the doctors in the first!
days of the acts operations, and recited
u cnso where a doetor hud chnrged the
board the sum of $125 for setting a
broken linger, but that this had been
rectified by setting u flut rato for the
uiffcrcnt medical treatments.
Outlining the procedure that must
hi; udoptod boforo a man could get
compensation, he said thnt the injured
mun must fill in his papers, thon the
medicul mun attending thc case must
till in his report, und the employer
must nlso fill in u report, nnd eniphn
sized the necessity of nil of these re*
ports being in boforo claims could bo
paid, lie furthor stuted that during
the past yoar tho board had been ml
justing claims from five to seven dnys
aftor tho progress reports of the doctors were in.
Outlining ihe organization of tho
hoard und the staff, he stated that Mr.
Hinsdale, the secretnry und organizer,
was known us the best mun for this
that lund, the lot of the rebels ib a
hard one, und the bost service that the
revolutionary element in the nllied
countries can give to the cause of tho
allies, if their aim is the elimination
of the Prussian system, is to revive the
International, and by so doing assist
tho overthrow of thut system in Ger-
ninny by nssisting the revolutionary
element in their efforts to accomplish
ihe same object.
Wi! wonder whnt the decision of
Magistrate Shaw would havo been if
the cuse hud hnve boon reversed, nnd u
striker hud struck Mrs. Morrow first,
We suppose thut tho striker would hnve
been in jail tomorrow if experience in
the pnst is nny criterion. But thon tho
Inw is u funny proposition anyway, In
Mis cuse, tho striker wus struck first.
Wonder whut hus beenme of that
"Order-in-Council" giving the workors the right to organize, und to collective bargaining, nnd how it is thut
it is not applied to the luundry pro-
methods of government in existence in j prietors in the eity. .
accident, or whether it wns in evidence
before thc supposed uccident, and had
only been brought to thc attention of
tho man by an extra strain being
placed upon it.
Beferring to tho amount of compensation that had been disposed of, he
stated that a million and a half dollars had been disposed of or placed in
reserve during tho timo the act had
been in operation, and that two hundred and twelve thousand dollars had
boon paid out in medical and hospital
attention. Dealing with the efforts of
thc board to institute safoty first conditions, he said that it was the wish
of the board to eliminate as many accidents as possible, and that they had
started the safety first work by circularizing the employers and asking for
the appointment of safoty first committees, and that they had now 28 inspectors at work on this. Beferring to
many places, amongst which he mentioned Powell Rivor, Ocean Falls and
Anyox, ho statod that by the establishment of safety first committees thc
numbor of accidents had been reduced
considerably. Coming to the shipbuilding industry, he stated that on a
recommendation of the board a committeo of throe had been appointed in thc Coughlan yards, and
these men held a meeting and reported all bad or unsafe conditions to
the board—but that evon with safety
first committees it wus impossible to
eliminate tho porsonal element; however, this committee had one man who
worked so persistently and well, T.
Fawkes of tho Boilermakers, that he
was appointed as safety first man in
tho Coughlan yards.
Referring to a letter received  from
the secretary of the B. C. Federation
of Labor, A. S. Wells, which called attention to two men being killed,   he
wished to say that the information was
not correct, but ho did not blame Mr.
Wolls,   At this point tho man that had
given tho secretary of the Fedoration
the information rose, and stated that
ho was responsible for tho informntion,
and that he had been so informed.   Mr.
Winn then continued, and said he had
no desiro to blamo Mr. Wells, as ho
knew his fairness and the interest he
took in tho operation of tho act, but
wished to point out tho fact that there
had been no deaths in Coughlan's sinco
1917, and only two deaths in the 21
months, but stated that the piece work
and speeding up was detrimental.   Ho
spoke expressing his   appreciation   of
the work of T. Fawkes in this yard,
and of the attitude of tho firm iu dealing with the different safety first suggestions offered by him, and whieh had
always been put into effect at once.
Again referring to   the   accidents   in
Coughlans, ho stated thut in June, July
and August thoro had only boen 24 accidents that required   hospital   treatment.
He concluded by stating ho could not
doal with individual cases as tho number of coses that passod through his
hands mado it impossible for him to remember thc different circumstances
in all thc cases. Ho requested the
fullest co-oporation of tho men in the
different organizations, and said ho
considered it their duty to notify the
board of any unsafe conditions, and
uny such information, and its source
would not be revealed.
Questions were then askod by
different men present nnd were answered by Mr. Wiun. Del. Cotterill of
the Street Railwaymen asked what was
tho object of thc quostion ou the claim
form as to amount of money received
from friendly societies or other
sources. Mr. Winn statod that it was
for statistical purposes, and to enable
the board to detect malingering, and
did not interfere with thc amount of
compensation in uny way,
Mr. Winn in answering questions
suid that the cost of operation of tho
uct last yenr was less than five per
cent, of receipts, und that anyone desiring a copy of roport of Inst year's
activities eould obtain same upon writing to the board,
President Winch before closing the
meeting mnde t he following suggestions for amendments to tho act.
The busis of compensation to be
trude union rate of wages. No waiting period. Compensntion to be paid
every two weeks, sume to bo paid by
tbe employer. Two reports to bo sufficient for men to get compensation.
Highor puy for dependents. Extension of the net to covor sickuess and
unemployment nnd old ugo pensions.
FuU freodom to choose medical attendant to ull, including thoso who nre under approved schemes. Provision for
othor forms of treatment other than
surgery or drugs, und a.strict policy of
safety first nnd inspection of equipment
and scaffoldings,
In closing the meeting ho thanked
the members of the board for their ad- i
dross, which he felt would have a good
Injustice of Allowances Is
Voiced by Woman
An unusual element was added to
last Sunday's meeting of the Federated Labor Party when, following the lecture, Mrs. Lorimer, representing the Boldiors' dependents,
took the platform and spoko to a resolution culling for u minimum of $100
per month for soldiers' fnmilios. "Wo
want enough to live decently upon till
the men return, then I think we can,
depend upon the meu to attond to the'
mattor themselves," she stated. They
had existed on the charity of tho Patriotic Fund until they were sick of
the thought of it. Those who wero
doling out the allowances spoke and
atced as though they alone had a monopoly of honor, high ideals and the principles of justice, but test aftor test
had been applied to those In authority,
and they had been found wanting. Thoy
must be taught that thoy had no monopoly on those principles which had beon
upheld by the blood and tears of those
who had suffered, and the vexed spirits
of thc women who had beon left behind. The womon woro tired of listening to homilies from those who doled
out "patriotism' 'at so much per cent.
They had received an extra $5 per
month at last Dominion election to buy
their votes, but the women would faro
better if thoy would remain truo to
their own class, and she was proud to
bo a member of the Federated Labor
Often they had heard of tho "boys
of tho bull-dog breed," but those who
quoted so glibly should remember that
they had now to doal with the women
who breed tho dogs of the bull-dog
breed. They were carefully learning j
their lessons in thc big school of life, I
and they wore aware that if they had
been properly represented in tho House
of Commons, they would not need to
present "petitions." Whilo our men
are "crushing the Hun over thoro,"
we need to band together to crush the
Hun here, and it must be increasingly
understood thnt we did not givo up our
men to protect tho profiteers,
Mrs. Lorimer received an ovation on
concluding, and the resolution was carried by a unanimous standing vote.
Mrs. Lorimer will take the chair at
next Sunday's meeting.
Many a Presentation
tnkes thc form of a Birks'' Diamond Ring—there is no
more worthy or pleasurable or constant reminder.
When the occasion arises for a presentation, consider the
unusual merit to be found in the giving of a Birks' Diamond Ring. There are no gems of higher quality, no finer
settings, and no hotter values than are obtainable in
Birks' Rings. We have a splendid assortment, and can
mnke up uny special ring desired.
>* E. IBOBET. Uu. Dlr.
The Out Hoom of Ouuula"
Ore-mile ud O-XKfU Sti.
—savb Tons Monr—
Doa't stow away your iptn euh ta
•ny old turner wben lt fi In daagtt
from burglars or flre,
Tbe Merchant! Buk of Canada offers yoa perfect safety for nw
money, and wtll give yoa fall banking
•errloe, whetber yoar account U tarf*
or email.
Interest allowed on lavlnn deposits.
O. V. 8IA0BT, lhu|tr
OraBTitl* and Foadar
W. O. JOT, Manager
Haitian aad OanaU
D-T00BP0B4TED 1868
Bank of Toronto
... 68,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT S.vlnji Amount m.j b.
opened at The Buk ol Toronto
In tke nunei of two or more
penons. In theee ueonnte either
PKty ■» eign cheqnee or depoelt
now. Tor the different memben ol
• tanUj* or a tan a Joint* aeeonnt li
often a treat eonrenlenoa. Intereat la
paid on balance.
Tuoonrer Branch:
Coiner Hutu***, ud OamUa atraats
_,_   , Branches at:
Victoria,  Merritt.  Hot WeitmluUr
Striking Laundry Workers
WiU Get Strike Pay
(Continued From Page 1.)
Onus,   Bridges
etttt ihe tut ihi
natural taath.
eat   rtmate
Dr. Gordon
Open .rentage 7:80 to 8:»».
Dental none In attendance.
Onr Owl Drag store
   Phona s.j*. mil
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Central Body of Shipyard
Workers Deal With
Cost of Living
A letter received from the office of
the Semi-weekly Tribune, asking for
the co-operation of thc various
ganizations affiliated with the M. L. C,
waa endorsed, uud thc press committee
instructed to attend thu meeting of thc
committee of management Friday, September 20.
A letter from W. L. Macdonald, adjuster, enclosing copy of lotter sont to
Mr. J, Hart, secretary of tho M. T. Employoes Association of B. C, at Vancouver, suggesting that the different
committees notify the management of
thc various yards and shops as to the
name of tho chairman of tho griovanco
committee to eliminate unnecessary do-
lay in dealing with any caso that might
Moved and seconded thut thc Metal
Trades Council concur with tho suggestion and that each local bo notified by
their delegates.   Adopted.
A report wus read on the cost of liv-.
ing. The roport stated that owing to j
the elusivcnoBS of the figures of tho I
Labor Gazette, which wore very misleading, it wus very hard to make a
propor estimate. As an instance, rural
districts were taken into account where
rents were 50 per cent, lower, water
free, and no transportation; the latter
figuring at threo per cent, of tho average earnings. Another point was that
of wearing apparel, ete.
Thc proposition of adopting a griovanco card to facilitate the handling of
grievances in the various shops and
yardB was rofcrcrd to the various locals
for endorsation, as was a motion that
the secrotary of the Retail Clerks
Local bo nuked to supply a list of the
fair and unfair hardware stores for the
guidance of the purchasing union men.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
The regular mooting was hold last
Wednesday, at which soven new members wore initiated, and a number of
applications received. It was decided
to havo u series of dances during the
winter in the Auditorium, the first commencing on Wednesday, October 2.
Quite a numbor of girls coming into
town uro anxious to join tho organization, and in tho near futuro it is hoped
to make the local 100 per cent, strong.
A mass meeting of the union will be
held on Wednesday, Sept. 25, to vote
on raising the monthly dues. There are
still two Unfair cafes; thoy aro tho McLeod Cafe and Melntyros. Unions will
pleaso tnke notice that those arc unfair.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
well satisfied.   The motion to appoint
the committeo as above was adopted,
Presidont Winch stating that he would
appoint thc committoe after the close
of thc meeting.
It was moved that tho executivo be
empowered to call a special meeting
or a mass meoting of organized labor if
the membors considered it necessary to
assist tho efforts of the laundry workors
to establish a co-operative laundry in
the city.
President Winch thon introduced tho
motion as above on the question of
soldier dependents' allowanancos, which
was adopted with applause.   He pointed out in introducing tho resolution,
that as the men at the front woro members of tho working class, and they
could not assist their people at homo,
it was the duty of thc organized labor
movement to assist them.
Delegate Pritchard then movod tho
following resolution, which was adopt-
"Wherens, a short time ago, President J. C. Wntters of the Canadian
Trades Congross, wrote tho socretary of
this council requesting that we arrange
for him a meeting, but was informed
that we did not considor public meetings advisable at the timo, and asked
that ho call upon our executive committee for tho purpose of discussing
various mutters, and
"Whereas, J. C. Watters saw fit aftor
visiting Victoria, to hold mootings at
Lethbridge and Winnipeg, nt which
points he expressed himsolf respecting
happenings here in Vancouver, without first availing himself of such information as could have been given by
our executivo. Therefore bo it resolved:
Thnt we, thc Vuncouvor Trados
and Lubor Council, hereby rogistor our
condemnation of Watters' action and
it is our opinion thut he has given indication of his anti-working class character; and it is further rosolvod that
a copy of this resolution bc forwarded
by wire to congress and to our two
It was movod that thc provincial,
municipal and school authorities bo informed that the council is opposed to
tho compulsory vuccination of school
children.   The* motion was adopted.  A
motion to authorize the executivo of — _
the council to pay strike pay to the for its financial and moral support for
laundry workers was adopted without  tho   striking   laundry   workers.    The
dissent, and President Winch nnd Miss  council  adjourned aftor
Gutteridge appealed to organized labor session at 11 p.n
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
It yoa we considoring the pi
or iale of Government op Mt
bonds communicate witk
736 OranviUe St.        Vancoavar, B. O.
Notary Public
439 Richards Street
very busy
- At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Storei
Goal and Wood
Tho Toamsters and Chauffeurs Union
asks for your co-oporation whon ordering your winter's supply of the abovo
commodities by seeing that you purchaso from firms employing union mow
only, us some firms, whilst profossing
patriotism, ure still employing Cliinu-
men nnd uon-ui|ion mon. The following HrniH employ union men only: Macdonald, Marpolc & Co.; McNeill, Wolcll
& Wilson; Kitsilano Wood and Coal
Company; Cnnndinn Fir Wood Ynrd.
and Evans, Coleman & Evans,
Naylor Case
A subscription list has beon passed
around tho various locals in Victoria.
Local 2(151 Carpentors, voted $25; 1898
votod $50 und by the timo it reaches all
tho other loouls, it is hoped that about |
$500 will bo subscribed in Victoria for
the dofenco of Naylor. Feoling hero is
strong againBt the arrest, and should
the authorities keep nibbling away,
those actions will bo mot by counter
actions on tho part of organized labor.
Justice has got to bo done, but any attempt to rape snme will be opposo'd by
Labor in genoral. lt behooves thoso iii
power to go vory carefully, because the
long pent-up feelings of Ihoso triod by
the firo may givo out.
And You Will Pay Less
OUB stocks aro now complete; they were bought early, but
cannot be bought again to sell at the same prices.
WE RECOMMEND STANFIELD'S unshrinkable underwear;
no better made in Canada; certainly none   so   good   for   the
STANFIELD'S Fine Elastic Bib Shirts and Drawers, $1.25,
$1.75, $2.50, $3.50 and $3.75 each.
Combinations $2.50, $3.50 $5 to $7.50
Stanfield's Heavy Wool Unshrinkable Shirts and Drawers, $3,
$3.50 and $4.
Heavy Wool Combinations $6 and $7
WOBKING SHIBTS in large variety, $1 and up.
Shirts, union made, $2,50 and $3
SWEATER COATS at f6, $8, $10,
$12 and $15.
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alao 614,616 Yatei St., Vietoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign	 FBIDAY...
...September 20, 1918
The First Union Cigar Store
in Vancouver
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
Have you ever used an Old Pal French Briar?
If you have, you will know that it is a very good
value at 50 cents.
Why even before tho war these pipes were considered.the
best SO-cent pipe on the market, so you will understand
what good value we are offering you.
—at the—
60 cents and lots to choose from at the mainland.
Dare Irvine Calls en The Fed.
"Dave" Irvine, ef the International
Mine Workers, waB a visitor at The
Fedeartionist offlee this week. Ho will
be remembered fer Us activities on bo-
half of the striking miners on Vancouver Island during tho trying tftnos of
1918 and 1914. Save is going baok to
Clearfield, Pa., whore the miners are on
strike. The striko is all over the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields, and may
develop into a general strike if the
government do not chango their tactics.
Oowicban Bay Fishing Scheme
Fred Sullivan, returned soldier, and
for twonty.fivo yoars a trade unionist,
who is tho father of the Cowichan Bay
Fishing scheme for returned soldiors,
which waa endorsed by the Great War
Veterans at their convention, reportB
that the scheme is meeting with success and general approval.
Metal Tradea
Tho Metal Trades Couneil has received the following wire with respect
to the wage adjustment in the shipyard industry,   It may be possible that
tho meeting requested will   be   held,
when the whole situation will be discussed as affecting the B. 0. yards:
"Seattle, Wash.,
September 18.
"Seattle advises calling of Pacific
Coast Motal Trades Council to be held
at San FranciBco not later than September 27.   Three delegates from eaoh
council.   Subject: Maoy deelsion. Wire
answer immediately.
"(Signed)   E. F. SMELTZEB."
New Fall Millinery
Erery Style; Every Color; Every Size;
Every Price—in the Hat of Today
•**.>    mi* aeuuaea wi
A brief record of the progress of the and Socialist work.
Amalgamated   Association   of   Street     Q.   Will you tell us the date you
-—•*■-•• — * -      *■*"-<■'*•-     .H-     *.«».*«. A J*;    WM     __     fl*,*)
Full   Text   of   Evidence
Taken at Preliminary
The VAN LOO Cigar
Light up a Van Loo Cigar and settle back for a good half hour
of downright pleasure. Note how even it smokes—just a suggestion of a "draw" and your mouth fills with a satisfying,
pleasure-compelling taste that tickles the palate and soothes
the nerves. Sec the rich brown Havana tobacco gently curl
into a firm snow white ash—take a "whiff" of that mellow
fragrance—Oh, Boyi "ain't it a grand and glorious feeling?"
Trust mc to thc extent of "two-bits," Boys, and the next time
you step up to a cigar counter call for a VAN LOO—thank mc
15c, 10c and 3 for 25c
Evidence in Aitken Case of
a Quite Similar
In ordor that our readers may havo
the fullest possible information as to
the case against Jos. Naylor, who was
charged with aiding draft evaders, we
produce in full the evidence taken at
the preliminary hearing before Magistrate Shaw at Courtenay.
The evidence in the case of Aitken,
taken at tho same time and place, is
very similar in all respects. In view of
the case being sub judice, we offer no
comments on the case, but leave the
reader to come to his own conclusions
in the matter. Habeas corpus proceedings have boen started by Mr. J. E.
Bird, who is acting on behalf of the
accused men, and we reproduce tho petition for habeas corpus, with all its
uegal trimmings in full. The petition
will be heard in Supreme Court Chambers on Sept. 27.
It is as follows:
Writs of Habeas Corpus and Certiorari
Upon the grounds that there was no
evidence or proof before the said committing justices prima facie or otherwise of the guilt of the said Joseph
Naylor of the said charge, upon whieh
he eould lawfully and properly be committed for trial thereupon or any evidence to found the jurisdiction of the
said committing justices so to commit
Province of British Columbia,
County of Nanaimo.
In the matter of Bex vs. Naylor.
The appended is a true transcript of
the notes taken at the preliminary
hearing of Joseph Naylor held in the
provincial police offlco at Courtenay,
the 16th day of August, in the year of
our Lord one thousand nine hundred
and eighteen before Joseph Shaw, Esquire, Stipendiary Magistrate.
Province of British Columbia, County
of Nanaimo.
The information and complaint of
William J. Dovitt of Cumberland in
said County of Nanaimo of Dominion
Police Inspector taken this 12th day of
August, in the year of our Lord 1918,
before the undersigned Stipendiary
Magistrate Shaw in and for the said
County of Nanaimo, who saith that
Joseph Naylor of Cumberland on or
about the 4th day of July and at divers
and sundry times since the 4th day of
July, in the year of our Lord 1918, in
the sai-4 County of Nanaimo, and in the
provinco of British Columbia, the said
Joseph Naylor not being an enlisted
soldior in His Majesty's Military Servico, did unlawfully assist Albort Goodwin, Fred Taylor, Arthur Boothman,
James Randall and others whoso names
aro unknown, being persons who are
deserters from His Majesty's Service,
tho said Joseph Naylor knowing tho
said persons to bo such deserters.
To wit: By delivering thc said deserters a quantity of groceries and
other provisions contrary to tho statute
in such cases made and provided.
William J. Dcvitt appearing for the
P. P. Harrison appearing for defendant.
Examination in Chief
Robert Rushford, after being duly
Question. Are you a constable in
this district?   Answer.   I am.
Q. And wore you acting as such on
the 14th day of August this yeart A.
I was.
Q. Tou affected the arrest of the
accused f   A.   I did.
Q. How long have you known the
accused.   A.   For five or six years.
Q. What doos he dof A. He is an
ofHcor of the union.
Q. What officer was he, a leader?
A.   He wos an organizer.
Q. Of what organization? A, TT.
M. W. of A.
Q. What does that stand forf A.
Unitod Mino Workers of Amorica.
Q. Any difference between taht and
thc Socialist Party of Canada? A. I
don't know.
Q.   He is supposed to be a leador of
tho Socialists, too?   A.   I believe so.
Q.   You executed a search warrant
nnd soarched his room?   A.   I did.
Q. Wore thoso papers among tho effects?   A.   Thoy wert'.
Q.   Did you find those papers also?
A.   Yoa.
Q.   Is that his signature?   A.   Yes.
Q.   Are you familiar with his signature?   A.   No.
Q.   Is that his name?   A.   Yes.
Counsel for tho dofonco objected to
tlio introduction of a lotter marked Exhibit A, dated August 22nd, and purporting -to have been written by tho
accused, on tho ground that it was irro
I event.
Examination in chief continued.
Q.   You found this lettor in his room
also (indicating papers) ?   A.   Yes.
Counsel for tho defence objocted to
tho introduction of letters marked Exhibits B, C, D and E on tho ground that
they woro irrolevant.
Examination in chiof continued.
Q. How long have you boen a constable?   A.   About four months,
Q.   Beforo   that   you   served   your
country in France?   A.   Yes.
Q.   Aro you a local man?   A.   Yes.
Q.   You know all these mon whose
namos wero montioned?   A.   Yes.
Q. Did you havo any advico offorcd
you about doing your duty to your
country or of doBorting and going into
the hills?   A.   I was onee told.
Q. Who told you? A. Tho romark
was passed among some of tho boys.
Q. Did these advise you to go into
thc bush? A. Not exactly. They said
if it was thom they would go into the
Q. Thoy work hero? A. In Cumberland.
Q.   You finally joined up?   A,   No,
I was called up.   I was a reservo man.
Q.   When you camo back you took
your oath as an officer?   A.   Yos.
Q.   And did your duties take you to
Comox Lake?   A.   They did.
Q.   Thnt was in the County of Nn-
Amalgamated   Association   oi   street ty   w»u you teii l
and Electric Bailway   Employees   of tracJ{[ this cabin?   A
America during the aix months' period ffi0Qn   D°id y/;trftee the hootmtU oa
ended July 31, 1918, as shown in the the same day that yon saw the accused
report of the international president in the cabin?   A.   No, I did not pay
to the general executive board at the an£ a«ention to the shoes.
semi-annual meeting held at headquar- JLfiX iw ^^J0^ ***
tftTB   TWrnlt   lflfili     loaf wallrTZm.   3U8t  aD0Ut  What  ™me 1D JtlV   ""* WM
&Ddffi,f_z SSd""' """s r^nsSt1^ st« rtt?
Nam momho™ onrnlio-i m aS to "■* clbuu'   —   "« landed at the
&«ta renewed   .i::: ' « t0pQ "K?" lake "VX6' , r ,   ...
New eontral secured ... ll     * J* I? ""J?,8, 5tJ "Vf* tHt
Divine receiving wag, in* ^"Jfi —J «U
Death beMfltToaid YtfBBWW did y0tt ?6° —*to—i *•» warranting
Old ago'beneflt. paid ...I    VfiOOM __   N°' * *" not or voM have iom
Total benefits for term .... 187,860.37    *        Examination in Chief
.hoX8bf« /su*. sfs -^lliom u'umm'a,ter ^du,y
gives some idea of the volume of work
that is falling to the international
office and the general executive staff.
New locals are being organized on an
averago of one for eaoh day. Every
available man in the official staff is
busy and a number of special organ*
Q.   Does he work!     A.     I never
knew him to work.
Re-Cross examination
(*>.   Just what do you mean by work?
The accused was engaged in Labor
_   — „ „    —   ....„..,.,.     „4    □--ou.'*.-     -**-*t*-|
izors are now working undor the direc
tion of the international president.
naimol  A.  It was.
Q. Who did you see theref A,
Fred Taylor.
Q. How waa he dressodf A. He
wore a blaok mask.
<_. Was he armed» A. I couldn't
Q.' Who was with you and what
happened I A. Constable Stafford,
Harry Thompson, Trapper Anderson
and Constable Woods from Alberni. We
went to the lake and could see no boats
to get across the lake, so we had to
foil a tree. Anderson went in front and
started to fell the tree, and as no one
seemed to go to help him, I went. We
felled the tree and the noise must have
fetched Taylor out. I heard him say,
"Whoareyouf" Anderson went up to
tho bush for something and I hid behind a rock. When Taylor saw Anderson going away he turned his boat and
went right across tho lake. We followed up the lake after him.
<_. Did you flnd anythingt A. We
found a shack and some provisions.
<J* What elsel Any arms! A. A
shotgun and some ammunition.
<_. How muoh provisions t A.
About 4200 worth.
' Q.   Did you see the accused on that
occasion!   A.   No.
Q. What did you do thero» A. I
was under instructions of Constable
<_. Tou assisted him to take the provisions backf   A.   Tes.
Cross-examination by Counsel for
aud any cabins?   A.   Tes, we found    .'
the accused in a cabin there. of
<_. Was that on tho ond of trail I A.
It was on thc ond of the Alborni trail.
Cross-examination by Counsel for
Q. Who was with you whon you
found tho accused in tho cabin f A.
Chiof Stephenson, Trapper Anderson,
Graham and mysolf.
Q. Tou are a flre warden in this
district t   A.   I am.
Q. And wero acting as suoh on the
3rd day of July this yearf   A.   I was.
Q. Did your duties take you to the
head of Comox Laket   A.   They did.
<_. What did you flnd theref A. I
was informed that there was a flre at
Cruickshank's. I took an axe and went
up, but found the flre had climbed some
trees. I eame back down the lake to
get some buckets and met Mr, Williams. I askod him where he was going.
He said he waa going to have a day or
two up the lake Ashing. I asked him if
ho would take up some buckets, saw
and axe and cut these trees down and
remain there till I came up in the morning. Mr. Beveridge and I went up in
the morning. We noticed that the flre
was out. I heard a gas boat coming
from the direction of MeDougall's cabin. We waited until the boat was
within ten or fifteen feet of shore. Mr.
Williams and the accused Naylor were
in the boat. I said to Williams, "I see
you got it out." He had cut down the
trees to keep it from spreading. I
told him I would allow him $12 for the
job, and asked him if that would be alright. He said it would be alright. I
asked them where they were going.
They said they were thinking of going
into tho Little Lakes. Mr. Beveridge
and I circled around from one side of
the lake to the others. Williams' boat
stalled at the head of Cruickshank's
during our trip. Beveridge and I came
down the lake.
Q. How far would that be from MeDougall *s cabin f   A.   About ono mile.
<_. Did you see any of the deserters
in that country!   A.   I did not.
<_. Tou knew that was where they
woret  A.   I did not.
Q. How long have you known the
accused!   A.   About ten years.
Q. Was he a keen sportsman! A.
Not that I know of.
Prisoner Cross-examination by Counsel for
Q.   Tou tell us that some evil-dis- Prisoner
poBod porson told you to beat it to the     Q.   That  lake   is  used by  people
bush when you wero called up.  Did the ftroun*** this country for fishing, is it
accused Naylor tell you that!   A.   Tho no"   A*   K '"•
romark was passed among some boys       Q-   Do maiiy people go Ashing there!
<_.   Was the accused there at that A-   A 8*™** ""*""*•
time!   A.   No. Q*   When you saw the accused Nay-
Q.   Tou told the court about a shack '?' *lll!re 4i(J Jm 00me *° the oonolu*
and some provisions    Tou don't sup- 810n t,la* aQ wa8 there for so™*- A-a
pose Naylor put them there, do you! tatlily PurP<>se'   A*   I dill not.
A*  No* Examination in Chief
Examination in Chief Alfred  Stafford,   aftor  boing  duly
John Shims after boing duly sworn, sworn:
<_.   Tou aro a member of tho Domin-     Q-   r°'J aro a mombor of tho Mil
ion polico forco?   A.   I am. *ary Polico in this district!     A
Q.   Tou woro acting on tho 4th of am-
July this yoar!   A.   I was. ■«•   Aad wero acting as suoh on tho
Q. Tou woro in chargo of a party of ■■■"• of Ju,y this J""-**'*' A* I was.
constables searching for deserters in "• Do ym ^now the accused!
this distriot!   A.   I wos. Yos*
"    Who   woro   tho   deserters!   A      *•■•   Wllat is llis profession!   A
understand that ho is prosidont of tho
United Mino   Workers   Association of
wee!   a.   i did. Q*   Was ho reputed to bo friendly to
Q.   Did you find any porsons thore! tn™'J *"0" ***ou wcro seeking?   A.   Tes.
ii any cabins?   A.   Tes, we found    ."•   "em y°a Pros°nt nt tho inquest
Q.   wno   woro   tho   deserters?   A _    "ImT- ls nls proressionr   A
Fred Taylor, Arthur Boothman, James understand that ho is prosidont of
Randall, Albert Goodwin. United Mino   Workers   Assnr.iatini
' Q.   Tou hod occasion to go to Comox Cumberland
Lako?   A.   I did °   w"° '
■ f   you've   been   told   that
I m   prices are going to out of
II sight this season, that
woollens are high and scarce,
you can believe it or not, but
well tell you this that
were never better in quality or in
make than they are today, and
never in the history of the House
has it had so complete, comprehensive and sumptuous assortment of woollens in every shade,
style and weight. Consequently,
the FOBD people are prepared to
fill your suit (or eoat) requirements in the fullest and moat
adequate manner, and at prices
that will please you by reason of
their extreme moderation. Workers need the best. Quality is the
FOBD sheet anchor.
Woa»,s...$46, $60, M8, MO
WD'S $38, $40, $45, $80
St. West
BntcHen ud Meat Cutters
A very interesting meeting was held
on Tuesday, September 17, at which all
our wage troubles were disposed of,
the employees being granted an inerease of wages. Wo initiated thirteen candidates and received a number
of applications, which plaees the
Butchers and Meat Cotters about 100
per cent, organized. The business
agent also reeeived an inerease in pay.
"HEIPI     POLIOBI"—HlrU.   Helot*
Owen,    DB-noTtva km
Otter Blf rntam
K tob tnen't Joined the Feiiratad Ubor
|«r. »• in »•■* wltt BaeMtsiT Trottor,
Booni SOS, Lsbor Tusplo, or ear of Iho tin-
pr-nldenti tbromhout tto proTinoo. •••
Leather Goods Store
Ladles' Hand Bags a Specialty
All Kinds of High Ond*
Travelling Ooods
Phona Sey. 2U4   Vancouvw, B.O.
Psaturlng Margaret Marriott
Prices 16c, 36c ud 80c
party to enter thc cabin?   A.   I could
not toll you.
Q.   Why couldn't you tell me?   A. ?„,
Wo all entered different cabins.
Q.   Was it you?   A.   No.
Q. What timo of thc dav or night
wns it?   A.   About 3 o'clock a. m.
Q. Did you meet with any resistance?   A.   No.
Q. Wus thoro any mining or logging
thero? A. No logging. An excuse for
somo mining.
<_. Did you observe this man subsequently (indicating accused) ? A. We
watchod him. Wo crossod tho lako and
four constables went towards Little
Lakes. I strongly suspected the accused boing there for evil purposes. Chief
Stophonaon nnd I watched tho accused
nnd his party, and aftor hoaring thom
say thoy would stay Ihero till Monday
we cleared out. When wo went up lo
the cubin to whoro theso evadors were
last located, one* of tho accused party
mndo in that direction. About 400
yards from MeDougall's cabin wo
found a recess tinder a log where a
cache of food hnd been loft and only
very recently lifted. Wo found pieces
of string and papor.
Q. Did you lind n pnir of boots? A.
After I learned thai thc accusod or one
of his party had made in that direction,
we went to MeDougall's cabin und wo
found a pair of shoes, which had boen
discarded by some one who had spent
considerable time in the bush. In tho
centre of lho sole of the boots woro
three or four lacks. A mark corresponding to Ihis was traced from the* lop
of tho lake through tin; Alberni trail In
the cabin Ihe accused was occupying.
Wo traced up this bent prints and afterwards put two and two together.
We went out and got on tho fresh trail
of these evaders, and from all appearances these men were aware of tho approach of the police.
Q. You subsequently followed the
trail und found some food? A. Wo
found a box of food about three miles
from MeDougall*s cabin,
_. Pid yon (Ind anything elso but
tho food? A. We found some wire,
somo pnllB for cooking, a crutch and
some cotton dressing and some wire
that wus placed between two large
rocks a littlo lo the left-hand side of
thc trail going inwards
thc doath of ono of theso mon?
Q. Did the accusod appear nt tho inquest? A. Ho did. Ho said that ho
was roprosoating friends and relatives
of tho deceased.
Q. Did ho ever offer you any assistance to bring in tho men you wcro seeking for?   A.   Ho did not.
Counsol for tho accusod advisod tho
committing justices that ho would, as
Q.   Who was the first man of your C0"lmlMl"« Justices that he would, a.
irty to enter thc cabin?   A    1*2! 8.00" "8,Cou^ c5n bo hoard, move bo*
afiousodf   A.   Tho accusod wa« pointed
,*.. ■*.  ,        4t* *!■-..   ua*---  uui U    nun    I'lr'll'i  -
out to mc by Chiof Constable Stephen
mill   lti   \*n nn i nm  ilnririir   flm   uti-ilrn  nl.mit
- — -      --      *----     —^         -—      _-..«,wmiv     >."-.j.u*l*i , l| I I*.- I      111      *,>!*     |*|   | | I      | [IM      111-     I I I 'M*     III
son in Nanalmo during tho striko about it   until   the   following  woek.   Thev
fivo yours ago.,   I hnve never known   should nlso semi ur their old addrosa ns
him personally.
fore u Superior Court or a judgo thereof for bail for tho accused, Joseph Nay-
Pwsident Watters' Tour
Wc notice thut President Watters of
tho Dominion Trades and Labor Can-
greBB took u trip to Denver, Colorado,
und thore spoko to tho minors in convention assembled. No doubt this
cost congress a littlo piece of money.
Thut would not have mattered but on
his way back ho culled at Victoria,
and mnny other points in the wost.
Ho, however, missed Vancouvor. Surely he remembered the Terminal City,
or perhaps lie recognized thnt he could
not ilu nay good in the matter of
building up fonces, or in educating the
workers in this part of the province.
But it might huve been possible to
huve givon Jimmio u little of the western spirit thut lie used to hnve before
lie liei-niiie contuminutod with the political atmosphoro at Ottawn, hud he
hnvo stuck mound Vancouver for n
Laundry Workers Whist Drive and
For Ihe benefit of tho Htriking Laundry Workers, a whist drive and dnnce
has been nrmnged for Monday, the
28rd inst., nt H p.m., in the Dominion
Hnll, Pender street. The total proceeds
will go towards financing the strike.
We here tnko great pleasure in an-
aouncing our appreciation of the support of the various unions by wny of
purchasing tickets. The hnrd-working
ticket committee hns been more thun
triply rewarded by the overwhelming
sale of tickets. 'Approximately 1000
tickets hnvo already been sold.
All arrangements have been mnde by
the committee in charge to make the
event a success from every standpoint.
Warehousemen's Association
All membors nre requested to attond
the regular meeting on Friday evening.
the new chnrter from the A. V. of
L, has arrived, nnd  then1 will be an
'lection  of new officers.    The ussocin-
ion is still growing, 2(1 new members
joining tip Innt week.
Changes of Address
... ...... Sv....e ,....».,..,. Headers desiring to hnve their pnpers
Q.   How long have you known  the   re-directed arc  asked   to   have   their
 "-1*    *     '''' '-1 "  —■'-■'*a change of address in by Tuesday at the
latest or we will not be able to change
well as the new.
New City Market-Fish Department
Plenty of AU Kinds
Cured Fish Specials
Smoked Salmon	
Smoked Filleted Cod
Kippered Pilchards.
15c and 20c per lb.
 15c per lb.
 3 lbs. for 25c
...2 lbs. for 25c
Bloaters (Pilchards) 10c per lb.
Food Control License No. 8-23077
Smax Bread
"SMAX"-an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
Cakes and Pastry
FRIDAY September 20, 1918
"Two Jolly Good Pals
GO where you will—do what you please, you'll find REGAL
SHOES always "right there"; famed for their "stick-to-
it-ness" and trustworthiness—staying with you "closer than a
brother." And, when life's walk is "toughest"—helping you
to "carry the burden"—yes, tho "chummiest sort of fellows,"
and "weathering every storm." You'll never do yourself a
better turn than make the acquaintance of—
And 850 Chances to Fit Your Foot
Through elimination of unnecessary diversity of styles and concentration on more sizes, widths and lasts, the REGAL SHOE, as sold by ub,
offers you 850 different PITS for your kind of a foot.
No othor shoe on the markot today, represents so much human intelligence in the designing nnd building of every model. Thc result—longer
life and greater comfort combinod with inimitable style. Undor we
.Representing all the name implies. A conservative, onBy swinging last
in cherry, brown calf with low English walking heel and heavy single
solo.   A recede toe model for tho fleshier foot.
Exclusive Men's Store
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near OamMe Street
Lessons   From   the   Past
Should  Now  Be
Victor Berger Leads ln Elections In
*„   Wisconsin—Expected to Bouse
I*-        social BepiisentativeS '*■■«,
Milwaukee, Wis.—With Congress-*
man W. J. Cary defeated by J. 0.
Klcczka for tho Eopublioan nomination in tho Fourth district and tho Ec-
publiean nominee, W. H. Stafford in
the Fifth falling away bolow the num*
ber of votos cast for Berger, it is gen-
crally conceded that Socialist candidates for congress, E. T. Helms and
Victor L. Berger, will bo the I victors
in the three cornered flght at tho olection.
Figures in the Fifth district are as
follows: Berger, Socialist, 8,557;
Greene, Republican, 3,756; Laflin, Bo-
publican, 4,621; Stafford, Republican,
7,914; Carney, Democrat, 3,601.
Molms in the Fourth polled more
than the total combinod voto cast for
the two Democratic candidates, W. J.
Kershaw and A. Szczerkinski, his total
being 5,020, according to complete returns.   Klecxka's plurality ovor Carey
is only 156, whilo Kershaw's majority
is 139.
Berger Large Vote
In tho Fifth district, Berger drow
over 2,000 over tho combined vote of
thc "Patriotic League" eadidates, J.
P. Carney and H. N. Laflin, indicating
li cloar vindication of Berger's flght
for till* peoplo over hip league opponents. '
Borgcr polled about 000 votes ovor
Stafford, tho successful candidate for
ronomination of the Republican Party.
The Wilson Democrat, Carney, polled
only 3,601 votes or about 200 less than
half tho vote cost for Berger. Carey
in a statoment given out after returns
indicated his defeat by Klcczkn said
indications were he would be renominated, but he changed his mind when
confronted with the aetual and complete figures . Carey was eleoted to
congress to succeed Teodoro Otjen.
Ameringer Wins Q«t    . ■■-"'"
Oscar Ameringer in the Second and
Leo Krzycki in the Bighth district
wero nominated for the Socialist
ticket, their votes showing also good
increases ovor the showing made in
other years.
This Space Reserved for
Vancouver Milling
and Grain Co., Ltd.
Bee that the bread urved on your table ia
You'll find it the best bread sold in Vancouver.
The ingredients used are the beBt on the market—
they're mixed in the proper proportions—expert
■i    bread makers superintend every part of the operations.
Your patronage means support of a co-operative
trades unionist movement.
The Union Bakery is owned and controlled by trade
unionists, who are working on a co-operative basis.
Try our Hand-made Bread—it'a delicious—keeps far
better than ordinary bread.
Union Bakery bread can be bought from your grocer.. Ask for it.   If he don't have it, call up
Union Bakery Ltd.
Commercial Drive and 4th Avenue
Phone Highland 2146
Democracy to Emerge Victorious After Present
War Is Over
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
What is Bovolution? Many associate
it with bloodshed. It is true that revolutions havo often been accompanied
by bloodshed or ushered in by bloodshed. It is true that some advocates of
the social revolution can see no other
moans of accomplishing their ends than
bloodshed. In this, they are, of course,
simply accepting the principle on which
this wur and evory war is justified. But
whother or not revolution twill be accompanied by bloodshed is'at most incidental. It is not as the school men
used to say, essential to revolution. Ill-
treatment of slaves disappeared when
chattel slavery as a system was abolished. In the United States this great
social change was accompanied by a
war; in British possessions it was
brought about without bloodshed. The
ond was the same—the freeing of the
daves-—the abolition of an antiquated
social system.
This is essentially what w-e mean by
revolution—the freeing of the slaves—
thc abolition of an antiquated social
system. Since the industrial revolution
a new species of slavery has grown up
a social condition in which workmen
not owning their tools of production
are dependent upon Others for their
livelihood. Production lias become social) ownership and control have remained in the hands of a few privileged individuals who exercise a life and
denth authority and reap wealth undreamed of by the old slave owners.
Undor these conditions tho old system
of individualistic ownership and control has become antiquated and must
be replaced by a Bystem of social ownership and control. This means revolution—a turning of the world upside
down—or rather, since the world is now
wrong Bide up, it means turning the
world right Bide up. ■When'1 icebergs
drift into warmer waters the submerged part gradually melts; the centre of
gravity is changed; the Btyte of unstable Equilibrium cannot bo long maintained. So one day thore is a big splash
-—Over sho goes—upside down—right
side up—now in a state of stable equilibrium. In this present social system
the centre of gravity haB stiffened—
confessedly wo maintain a very wobbly
and precarious existence. Revolution is
inevitable—a revolution that will bring
not disaster but a state of stable equilibrium.
Revolution means the end of blood'
shed, because it means the end of blood
money. Why this war? war is not a
thunder-b(5lt out a clour sky. It is not
an unrelated phenomenon. It has a definite cause or combination of causes.
It has been estimated that already in
this war, "tho killed and dead by fighting alone comes to over ten millions of
tho best made men in Europo." A little
spark may kindle a big flre, but surely*)
a murder in Servia can hardly be held
to be the sole and sufficient cause of the
turning of the world into a shambles.
Why thiB war? It is not a religious
war, though kaisers and would-be kaisers may call it a holy war. Catholic
fights against Catholic, Protestant
against Protestant, Mahomntedan
against Mahommcdan. It is not a racial war, black men and red men and
yellow men flght side by sid-e with
white men against white men. It is
not a national war. National aims and
prejudices play their part—and a very
important part, but this world conflagration has swept from one nation to
another—jumped all boundaries. It is
something deeper than that. It is a
war of democracy against autocracy.
So we British are inclined to think and
who docs not hope that out of thc
welter of it all, democracy will emerge
victorious? But No Man's Land is not
the line that divides autocracy from democracy. At the beginning of the war
England joined hands with Russia,
"Democracy," if you will, in league
with world-detested Tsarism.
Why the war? German aggression,
Even if Germany alone were to blame,
why German aggression? Why seek
new colonies? Why seek an outlet in
thc East? Why seek ports on the Atlantic? Why increase ber navy? Why
so jealous of England? Why? Trnde!
"Gentlemen," said a prominent Canadian manufacturer, "we must recognize that this iB fundamentally a trnde
war, and we must prepare for the war
after tho war."
And so long as the existing
industrial and commercial systom exists, we mny look forward to war. Our
Canadian manufacturers are already
planning to take advantage of wider
markets nftor' the war. So aro the manufacturers of every civilized country in
the world. So are the manufacturers in
the countries which till recently, have
been "new fieldB for exploitation."
Whore are the new markets to come
from? Rebuilding devastated Europe
may take n few years, and then we
shall need to knock it to pieces again
or our work will cease I That, of courso,
taking for granted that Europe can
pay ub for our work of rebuilding, but
how repay us except in goods which we
don't want; lest they should ruin our
own industries.
No! Tho advocates and beneficiaries
of the present system can show us no
way out.
"It is possiblo," says n writer in
The Nation, "that the human race has
now entered upon a generation, an age,
or an aeon in which war will bo the
normal state, and peace extraordinary;
war thc rule, peace the exception; war
continuing almost uninterruptedly, and
peuced breaking out only now and
Permanent wnr—or Revolution! Surely the human race will not be so blind
as to refuso the alternative. Even
without the aid of machinery or scientific knowledge, man was able to produce enough to sustain himself and devote considerable time to art and religion. With our modern equipment, if
instead of grasping after more profits,
we could produco what we need, there
would be onough for all and to spare.
To the Editor B. C. Federationist: In
the July 28th issue of the Federationist there appeared an article on "sex
and other problems in eompany
towns.'' The writer thereof mado
reference to the great number of single men and grass widowers that occupied or usea the "buck" boarding
houses and to the miserable conditions
existing therein. I would like to acquaint your B. C. readers with the fact
that the exposed evils aro not peculiar
to B. C, for in northern Ontario like
or nearly like conditions obtain.
Whilst no one company owns a town
that I know of, yet overy wild cat of
a mining claim that's boing exploited
has its bunkhousc and quota of segregated males. 'Tis a damnablo '/qya-
tom" that requires such a state of
affairs. Personally, I hate the sight
of a bunkhousc, yet I'm slooping in
onc at present. I'm kcon on domesticity, and I've a partner and we'vo four
kids. Twenty-six miles is the distance
separating us and thc road (alleged))
over which it is necessary to travol is
of auch a naturo that it takes tho mail
(and passenger) stago eight or ten
hours to make the 27-mile journey. The I
fare, by stage, is $5. A meal at tho
half-way houso costs 75 cents. Thus
a round trip (fare, meals and time occupied) sets ono back $21.50. Every
day away from work means a loss of
$5 (my pay being $4 and board), so
how often and for how long can I
afford n visit "home." So far I'vo
managed to got them at-eight-weok intervals, and I find on computation that
I can deduct 75 cents por day from:
my pay as "visiting allowance." The1
wifo has to get certain chores attended to by others that I could do and
would bo doing myself wero I
homo." I think tho cost to mo of
theso services is about 25 cents peri
diem. Therefore, upon summing up
I'm getting in reality $3 a day clear.
At that I'm a dollar a day better off
than surface laborors, such as dock
men, blacksmiths' helpers, otc. I find
tho single men aro fairly contonted
with their lot and in this vicinity nearly all the men aro single (the great
majority are of Austrian, Polish, Croatian or other Central European extraction). These aro living single, so, in
spite of this boing a union camp
(there being a local of the I.U.M.M.
and S.W.), I find that existing is a hard
matter for a married man with a family, and I havo no "homo comforts."
What is needed is cottages br bungalows
on every property that's being worked,
and this is a subject that might well be
taken up by unions when there's nothing else to bother with. So far I have
harped on the ono condition that hits
me the hardest. Thoro certainly aro
other problems pertaining to the buck
boarding house. Ono is tho effect of
the unlovely surroundings. Imagine a
log b.uttdifli with the bark loft on the
logs, Hmo plastered, with rough lumber
floor, gable ends and roof. Fill thlB
building with either rough lumber
bunks or. dilapidated iron beds or
double-dclikers, a fow benckeB, a table
and the inevitable iron stove and pipe,
and you have n miner's sleeping quarters, his '' home.'' A dump no hell for
looks on the inside. True thero are
sonic belter fixed than this, and somo
again are abominable—small, overcrowded, without ventilators and not
really fit for human habitation. Such
surroundings do not make men feel
comfortable and contented, nor do thoy
make for orderliness nor cleanliness.
The effect upon tho "bucks" must bc
degradation and depression, making
thom feel that they're evidently considered useful animals—solely. This
must suflico for now—the other problems will keop.
Yours, etc.,'
Gowgandn.    j
Editor B. C. Federationist: In dealing with the great problems of reconstruction aftor tho war will it not be
an absolute necessity to probe deep
down into the roots of the present and
past rotten social conditions? It seems
to be one of the greatest orrors we
make in not understanding man, his
physical and mental make-up,
The average person who observes ns
he or she passes along the -daily path
of life cannot fail to notice the different view point of almost each person
just as one observes the difference in
all people's handwriting. Is it that
this difference in ench individual
stands for nothing? Are we men and
women all the some mentally? Do we
all act the same, have the same outlook in life?
We are all men and women having
in common tho same physical mako up,
but yet we all differ. The first need
and blessing which any man or woman
requires is health—and thc second is
a suitable vocation. Hero lies the
trouble. What guide have we today
which points out the right course for
a man to follow in life so that he can
get his natural ability to work both for
his pleasure and to the benefit of his
fellows. This question in the very
near futuro will havo to bc dealt with
because it is a natural truth and, like
all great nntural truths, is bound to
como to thc front and bo acknowledged
as a basic fact.
Our present and paBt systom of education does not take this great fundamental und natural truth at all into,
consideration, but is a process of
stuffing each person with facts and
not in polishing and drawing out ench
individual to that individual's benefit
and tho benefit of society in general,
It is quite common knowledge that
in each family of boyB and girls each
onc differs, and yot no allowance is
made or understood because tho matter is looked upon as somewhat of a
mystery and it is ono of tho groatcst
difficulties of parents to know whnt
or how to start their children in life.
This question lies at the root and
bottom of all social reconstruction and
this I feel certain in time will be
found to be so when we have done a
further spell of the old groping in the
Tho cause of a great deal of our past
social misery has been ignorance and
selfishness. Wc want tho best men and
women to be our leaders in our new
order of society and we can only hope
for this when the human animal is
understood and the flower of those
amongst us cun show us the way.
Labor Men Inform Government That Miners WiU
Mr. Carvell Strongly Criticized by Labor
That the attempt to introduce cheap
Chineso or coolie labor into Canada has
not been by any means abandoned is
well attested by thc fact that no less
a personago than tho Hon. Frank Carvell is out flat-footed in its advocacy
and he is backed up by tho Toronto
Saturday Night which for somo considerable time has apparently beon a
mouthpiece of the big interests as will
bo soon by roforonce to anothor arti-
clo which appears in the presont issuo.
The Hon. Frank Carvell is tho individual who is so anxious to introduce
Prussian autocracy into Canada, and
would make it a penal offenco for a
working man to striko while tho war
on, no mattor how groat the provocation, and at tho samo time he stands
complacently by and never lifts a finger to curb tho special privileges as
they screw up tho price of tho necessaries of life, and thus rake in enormous and honorable dividends by a
systom of scientific profiteering. Ho
says the workers who dare to striko
otro unpatriotic and by inference implies that tho intorests that force them
to tako drastic action by tho payment
of starvation wages and imposition of
intolerable conditions upon them, are
'truly patriotic of course.
Tho Hon. Mr. Carvell makes no
bones as to whero his sympathies actually lie; ho directly represents a province in parliament where, according to
thc revelations of a clergyman who
camo from thoro to attond thc Goneral
Assembly of tho Presbyterian Church
of Canada, tho mines are filled with
foreigners who cannot understand English, and who aro so poorly paid that
the only time they taste moat is when
a dog is accidentally killed or is
stolen to make soup of,
At tho present moment and for a
long time back thero has boon great
dissatisfaction among tho mine workers because of the low rate of wages
paid. It was Mr. Carvell who told
them thoy ought to put up with it
while the war was on, though they nro
tho lowest paid workers of the kind
on tho American continent.
Iu order to smooth the way for the
importation of Asiatic coolies into tho
mines, with tho intent to mako tho
white toilers docile and content, tho
real situation aB it exists has been deliberately and grossly misrepresented
by tho mining interests, who claim
that if tho Chinese were brought in
there would bo no shortngo of coal as
at present exists.
It may bo stated that for som$ timo
past President Watters and Secretary
P. M. Draper of thc Trados and Xabor
Congross of Canada, Thomas Moore,
general reprosentatico of tho United
Brotherhood of Carpentors and Joiners; A. Bastion of tho Electrical Workers, and H. Jf Halford of the Journeymen Barbors,, have boon in tho Cape
Breton district, nnd mado a thorough
investigation into tho situation as it
actually exists, and on August 20 called upon the editor of tho Halifax Herald, which on tho preceding day had
published the article from the Toronto
Saturday Night which wo have* alroady
referVed to, and Organizer Thomas
Sfoore asked that the attitude of organized labor upon thc question be also
published, and given tho same publicity. The Horald of August 30th complied with this request, and referred
to tho interview ns follows:
'Our answer to Mr. Carvell," said
Mr. Moore, "is that coolio labor is hot
needed, and tho minute a Chinaman or
coolio enters a mine to work that moment the minors of Capo Breton down
tools and walk out." Continuing, Mr.
Moore said that Hon. Frank Carvell
should have informed hiuiBelf of conditions at tho mines before as a public man, condemning the minors as unpatriotic. Mr. Mooro said: "We have
personally visited the mines in Cape
Breton, and discussed the situation
with hundreds of the men. We found
that in the smaller mines of tUe Dominion Coal Company that tho men
clnim there Is sufficient help to work
to capacity the present " rooms." In
the large pit head, known aB Dominion
No. 2, more men could be employed.
The situation there, however, is for
lack of transportation, that tho coal
ut present being produced cannot be
hundled nnd taken away, nnd unless
something is dono immediately the
possibility is that a very large proportion of tho present help will have to
We Have Planned To Do the Big Business in
Men's Coat Sweaters
We bought some of them more than a year ago, so that there
would be no shortage, and to make sure we would get the quality you require. At every priee we offer the best Coat on this
market.   Instances:
P2.50*--Jjimbo knit, pure English Wool Coat; "Pride oi the
West" manufacture j no better coat at any price; heaviest
$9.75—Close-knit j a warm, heavy weight Coat that will
prove wonderfully serviceable.
$7.75—"Pride of the West" Coat; medium weight; pure
wool; a very satisfactory garment.
$6.75—"Pride of the West" Coat; light weight, pure wool,
close knit for hard wear. This is last year's coat at last year's
$3.95—Well finished Coat in clean, tight, worsted yarn;
Cardigan knit; will give splendid wear.
$5.50—Pure Wool Coat; medium weight; exceptionally good
The above Coats have roll collar and are here in the colors
men require.   Less expensive coats at $2.95 and $3.50
—Men's Store, Main Floor
he paid off during tho winer months
whon thoro is no Water-borne freight."
"Tho labor leador explaining tho
reason for this sorious outlook, said:
'At tho present time thore is betwoen
200,000 and 300,000 tons of coal banked at tho mines, and considerable fear
is entertained by the management that
it may becomo a total loss through
spontaneous combustion, and monsures
aro boing tnkon to open up the heap
so as to ward off disaster if possible.'
" 'What this enormous pile of coal
means may bo gathered when it is understood thnt tho average production
of a miner working at tho face head
iB from seven to twelvo tons per dny,
but when tho surfaco holp and other
labor is included, the coal produced
doos not represent more than two tons
per day per head of tho men, employod
at the mines,*
i 'Therefore, if you tako 200,000
tons, ae tho minimum of the pilo, and
it certainly is more, that represents
100,000 working days for 1,0QQ -men.
In other words it represents tho output bf 1,000 mon for over throe months.
In tho past this pilo has always boen
cleared away in the BUliimor whon
thero was plenty of transportation by
rail and water and thc men wore kept
on all winter producing coal for anothor pile, which would bo moved in
tho spring, when navigation was resumed. If the presont pilo is not removed, the outlook is that tho mines
will have to closo down this winter,
and instead of importing coolie labor,
Hon. Frank Carvell will havo to find
employment for tho minors., of Capo
Breton.' "—Industrial Banner.
flrat And third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, E. Winch; vico-presldent, J. Kavanagh; secretary and buiineu
agent, T. R. Midgley; treasurer, P. Knowles;
sergeant-at-arms, J. F. Poole; trustee!, J.
H. McVety, J. Hubble, A. J. Crawford, W.
1   P?itohwd.
tlonal Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets aeoond and fonrth Tuesdays in the
month, Room 206, Labor Templo. President,
C. E. Herrltt; iecretary, S. II. Orant, 820
Cambie Street.
No. 617—MeetB every aecond and fourth
i Monday evening,  8 o'clock,  Labor Tomple.
President, M. McKenzie; flnanolal eeorettry,
'G. Thom, 6 Dufferln Street East; recording
secretary, J. R. Campbell; business agent,
'Wnlter ThontUi -Room 306 Labor Temple.
Phong Bey. 7406,.
Every one responds to courtesy, face
to face or "telephone to telephone."
No one will roply with bruskness
if tho smile in our voice reaches
him or hor. And don't think you
can't put a smile into your voice—
you aro doing it every day.
A gonial telephone voico mnrkB
that true cordiality which is the
basis of successful business nud real
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
eao OranviUe fltmt
.610 Hastings Stmt Wart
Opposite labor Temple
VAsfOOVTll, 8. 0.
—Headqaartera for Labor Men—
itaa—76e ud $1.00 per day.
94.00 per week and up,
Oafe at Beaaoartae bmh
Editor B. C. Federationist: Seeing
un articlo in the daily press about tho
"City Fathers" sending a rcquost to
Ottawa to make the affiliation of polico
forces and fire brigades to Trados and
Labor councils illegal, I take this opportunity of pointing out to all your
renders thc unfairness of such n request.
Tho police have always been a much
abused body of men.   In many roBpeets
they are the finest body of mon to bo
found in tho Dominion, To qualify for
tho position of constable on the majority of the large forcos, a mun must
be free from all bodily complaints;
physically and mentally he must bo
able to safeguard thc lives and property of othors. Ho must be servile. Ho
must have no soul of his own. He
must obey his unspiritunl pastors and
masters, viz., ono such as was present
at the last shooting affair on Jervis
Streot. By day nnd by night ho risks
his lifo in the interests of an ungrateful public, and is to them too often an
object of senseless and insulting ridicule. Ho must doal with suicides, madmen, burglars, murderers, etc., which
will often make tne stoutest heart siek.
For tho sako of society his lifo is in
peril all day.
Now when ho seeks to protect himself by a union, and in ordor to maintain himself and his union by affiliation, he is ridiculed by so-called society
and thc city fathers. Why should "tho
joy of a manly selfhood'' be doniod to
such a deserving class of men? If the
citizens demand that thc policemen be
respectable, self-respecting citizens,
trusted with their physical and financial dofoncos, why should they want to
deny them tho means of self-government by way of a polico union? By
such unions tho publie in general (not
society such ns we have on Jervis
Street), will bonefit by incroasod efficiency und a disinterested discharge of
thoso duties which the public demands
from the police.
Tours truly,
Vancouvor, B. 0.
Refined Servioe
One Block west of Court Home.
Ute of Modem Chapel ud
Funeral Parlora free to all
Telephone Seymou MU
Meeta aecond Monday in tke montk. Preaident,   Geo.  Bartley;   aeeretary,  B.  H,   Neelands,  P.O.  Box Ofl,
ind Iron Skip Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
every Monday, 8 u.m. Preaident, M. A, Mc*
Eachern, 1245 Alberni St.; aeeretary-treae-
urer, Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe St.; bnsiness
agent, L. Cummins, Boom 212 Labor Temple.
Loal 28—Meots overy first Wednesday in
tbo month at 2.80 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in the month at 8.80 p.m. Presl*
dent, Harry Wood; secretary and business
agent, W. Mackenzie, Room 200 Labor Temple. Pbone Sey. 1681, Offlce boars: 11 to
12 noon; 2 to 6 p.m,
Operating Engineers, Local No, 620—
Meets every Monday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J. R, Flynn, 810 Moodle
street, New Westminster; vice-president, D,
Hodges;   secretary-treasurer    and    business
?jent,  W.  A.  Alexander, Boom 318,  Labor
emple.    Phone Sey. 7496.
—Meets in Boom 205, Labor Temple,
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MoDougall, 1162 Powell Street; recording
secretary, W. Foulkes, Labor Temple; financial seeretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple; assist*
ant socretary, F. R. Burrows.
Booiation, Local 8852—Offlce and hall, 604
Pendor Street West. Meets every Friday,
8 p.m. Seoretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, A. Beed.
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 152 Cordova East.
Meets first and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary-treasurer, E. Winch; business
ag?nt, J. W. Whltely.
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 643—Meeta
firat and third Tuesdays of each month,
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. President, Chaa. P.
Hugglna; recording seoretary, J. Summers;
flnanolal secretary and buslnesi agent, T. W.
Anderson, 587 Homer street.
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Boom 204, Labor Temple. Preaident, J.
Banfortb, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
financial secretary and business agent, H. 8.
NightBcalos, 276—56th Ave East, South Vancouver; recording aeeretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Grey road. Phone Bay-
view 2979L.
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union 88A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of tha
month, Xabor Temple, 8 P-m. President, J,
N. Boult; financial secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding seeretary,
W. Lee, Offlee, Room 219-220, Labor
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meeta
Labor Temple, leeond and fourth Wednesdays at 8 B.m. Preaident, W. H. Cottrell;
treaaurer, E. H. Cleveland; recording secreUry ,A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street.
Phone High. 16 6B; flnanolal seeretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offloa oorner Prior and Main streets.
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetinga held
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording aeeretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608; financial aeeretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 608.
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produce, * nn* Creamy Lather
and Doei Hot Dry on tne Fac*
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Oak*
Muafactnndln Brltlih OotamMa
fours Union, Local No. 655—Meets every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W. M. Brown; buslneas agent, J. F. Poole,
245—10th Ave. East. Phone Fair. 2109X.
Financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1120
Bobson St. Phone Sey. 6679. Offlce, 587
Homer St.
laat Sunday of each month at 9 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; aecretary-treaaurer, R. H. Neelanda,
Box 66.
annual convention ln January.   Execative
officers, 1016-19: President, Duncan HcCal* ■
turn,  Labor Temple, Vanoouver;  vlce-preai* I
dents—Vancouver    Island,    Walter    Head, <
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert,   W.   E.   Thompson;   Vaneonver,   E.
Winch, W. B. Trotter; New Weatminster, P.
Peebles;   Weat   Kootenay,   Marcus   Martin,
Nelson;  Crows Nest Pass, W. A, Skerman,
Fernle.    Seoretary-treasurer, A.    S.    Wells,
Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir atreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
Labor Council—Meets flnt and third Wed*
nesdays, Knights of Pythlaa Hall, North
Park street, at 8 p.m. Preaident, B. Sim*
■none; vice-president, T. Dooley; secretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B. O.	
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.— ■
Meets flrat Sanday In every month 8 p-m,,
Richards Hall. President, Jaa. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
aeeretary, Jas. Fearon; financial aeoietary,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Rich-
BET. 7405
APTEB « p.m.—SET. 7497K FBIDAT. September 20, 1918
Men's Slip On Overcoats
Reg. $27.50 Values for $15.95
A small line that our buyer
picked up in the East at a
price concession, hence this
very low price, which should
clear them in a few hours.
Made of good quality fashionable tweeds, in attractive
patterns.   Some are lined
throughout, others are quarter lined in plain or raglan
shoulder effects. You'll like
their smart appearance, and
the chance of saving $11.00
on a coat is mostd*] E AC
alluring. *f I v,3v
Boys' Bloomer Suits
Values to $15 for $9.95   n
These are the kind of Suits the
boys cannot go through in a hurry.
Built from hard-wearing tweeds,
and extra strong throughout; the
bloomers are lined, and have the
new adjustable fasteners; there
are many smart tweed patterns
from which to select, and the styles
are the new belted and novelty
Norf oiks. You save many dollars.
on these splendid suits in the Boys'
New Clothing Depart- &Q QC
ment. Special for. *y WaWU
Canada Food Board Licenses 5-1482, 8-14590,10-4435,11-163
Now Being Referred to All
Organizations in
the City
The following resolution, presented
by Loeal 617, of the U. B. Carpenters,
to the Trades and Labor Council some
time ago, is now being voted upon by
the various organizations in the eity,
and the result will shortly be reported
upon by the carpenters to tho central
"We, tbe members of Local 617, of
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners, prompted by tho fact, that
tho end of the present international
war will bring about a general industrial, and social rQ-udjustment, and
thereby make it necessary for the organized Labor movement to re-adjust
its standards, in ordor to mtaintain its
efficiency and purpose, as a medium
for securing for its rank and file as
.large a portion as is possible pf thc
| wealth they croato, we hereby submit
the following resolution for your deliberation and approval:
"Whereas, the ending of tho world
war will mean that an industrial readjustment will be necessary, because
of the millions of soldiers who will be
released from war duty, in addition to
hundreds of thousands of workers who
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
Toll—Toll—that's a funny word—a
very short word and easy to spell but
perhaps you never heard it. Our grandfathers often used it. We take toll or
pay toll right along, but we don't often
say so:   Sometimes we don't know it.
Some years ago I was travelling in
Ireland. In one placo visitors were
told about a sort of cave in whieh a
queer old man once lived for many
years. People afterwards called him
Saint Somothing—Saint Kivin, I think
it was. Of course we all wanted to
see the cave. The only way to it was
by a narrow path around the face of
a steep cliff that overhung tho water.
Whon I was scrambling carefully
around a dangerous point, a man reached out his hand to steady me till I gof
a hotter foothold.   Then ho. ahM «i
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Royal Bank
of Canada
    __   -..www   *.*■   nui.HIB   WHO
will be thrown on the Labor market by
tho dismantling of tho munition plants,
etc, therefore be it resolved that we,
the members of Local 617, of United
Brotherhood of Carponters and Joiners,
in regular meeting assembled July 22,
1918, go on record as favoring tho six-
hour working day, to be inaugurated
throughout our jurisdiction, within 60
days of the end of this .world conflict.
"Be it further resolved that copier
of the foregoing resolution be forwarded to tho Trades Congress of Canada,
tho B. O. Federation of Labor, the
Trades and Labor Couneil, and affiliated unions, and the Returned Soldiers'
organization, for their support, with a
view to bringing about the above pro-
If approved by the membership of
tho various organizations, it Ib expected that the B. C. Federation of Labor
and the Vancouver Trades and Labor
CouncU will place the matter before
all tho locals in the provinoe and
throughout Canada.
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits..
Total Assets ~...
...$ 25,000,000
..$ 14,000,000
..$ 15,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland asd Brituh Wert
Alto branches in London, England, New Tork Oity and Bar**
celona, Spain,
Twelve branches in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner HaBtings and Homer Streets
Oorner Main and Hastings Streets.
Oorner Granville and Robson Streets.
Oorner Bridge Street and Broadway 'West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive,
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Bighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other points
in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an acoount, an which interest is paid half-yearly at
current rates.    _
Manager Vaneoaver Branch
C. W. FBAZEB, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B.O.
ttteH Out Flowers, Funeral Design* Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
I    Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hutlngi Street East, Sey. 988-678 — 728 OranviUe Street, Sty. 9518
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
Because they art equal er better than aay other similar products, let
them come from where they may
Cascade Beer
All the arguments of the opponents
of publio ownership become' pointless
when the results achieved by the eity
of Glasgow in tho ownership and operation of its etreet ear system are adduced. Not only havo the civic authorities provided a cheap, convenient and
profitable service, but they have now
succeeded in extinguishing the last vestige of debt in connection with the
tramways, *
Tho Glasgow tramways were takon
over by the oity in 1804, Sir James
Bell being at that time Lord Provost.
In reviewing the present situation, Sir
| James said recently:
'' Theearnings last year amounted to
. £1,149,000, and out of that no less tban
£485,000 was gathered in half-penny
fares. If thoy had not instituted tho
, half-penny faro, thore would have been
I half a million more out of tho pockets
of tho people, and he questioned if the
tramways would havo been so successful and tho service so much a boon to
the community as they had been.
'' Thoy were backed up by tho people
of Glasgow, who woro satisfied with
tho service, and they continued to improve it until £3,835,000 had been spent
on capital account. In addition to that,
£464,000 had beon paid into the common good and they carried forward
£119,000 to renewal and depreciation.
Altogether, tho tramway system of
Glasgow had drawn £4,600,000 over and
nbove tho expenditure. In twenty-three
years that was an enormous sum, and
it had enabled them not only to square
all accounts, but, with every debt extinguished, their capital account extinguished, they started afresh as if
they wore beginning tho tramway systom with £119,000. They had givon to
tho city a means of egress and ingress
such as no city ever possessed. To
crown all, when tho nation came to demand money for the nation's needs,
tho corporation came forward and gavo
the largest donation he knew of any
municipality in tho kingdom. That
£2,000,000 was founded on the tramway
{systom, and would ever go to the honor
and credit of Glasgow."
Glasgow may well feel proud of its
initiative and its success. The question
, which naturally arises in the minds of
its envious sister corporations throughout the Empiro is whether thore is any*
thing in tho position of Glasgow which
, hns peculiarly favored tho magnificont
achievement. Tho second city of tho
Empire has, of course, an onormous
population upon which to draw; it is
possible that the density of that population is greater than is altogether desirable.   But thero is no reason to sup
  --, »* * M*>t
a hotter foothold. Then he said ''A
shilling, sir." Now he had helped mo
and I gavo him the shilling. But I felt
that it was hardly a square deal. I
1 learned afterwards that this man mado
a great deal of money by practically
forcing his help on people and then
demanding whatever he thought he
| could got—sometimes frightening timid
poople on the edge of the cliff. That
was one way of taking toll.
Long years ago in Europe, when tho
forests covered the country and thore
wore fow roads, the people had to
travel by means of boats, on the river.
On one great river some robber barons
built strong castles on the high hills
on each sido of tho river. When boats
with food or merchandise camo along
they stopped tho owners and robbed
them. Do you think they took everything! Oh, no! They woro too wiso
for that. If they had done so, the
boatman would nover have gone up
the river again. But when a man had
ten sacks of grain, they took only ono
and the poor boatman was so glad that
ho still had nine sacks that he felt
almost grateful to the robber baron
for being so generous with him. So
the robber barons came to be very rich.
! They did not need to work. They took
part of what others produced. They
didn't even pretend to help the boatman as the Irishman helped me. But
they, like him "took all the traffic
would bear." Ask your father to explain that! That's another way of
taking toll.
When I was a boy in Eastern Canada, the people had to make roads
through the woods. Sometimes these
were poor roads made simply of logs
placed side by side. They were called corduroy roads. Then ono man Baid
he would build a good graded road if
everyone who used the road paid him
something. All the people were so
glad to get a good road that they
agreed to let him do this. So after he
had made the road he built a house beside the road and in front of the house
he put a big gate—something like the
gates across the railroad tracks. He
called it a toll gate. When grandfather would tako me for a drive in
Retail Clerks Send for Charter and Affiliate With
Trades Council
The New Westminster Betail Clerks
last Friday completed their organization, with a charter membership of 50,
They have applied for a charter, and
havo also applied for affiliation with
the Trades and Labor Couneil.
The officers were lected, and considerable enthusiasm was displayed. The
officers of the Trades and Labor Couneil
and A, Glen, secretary of the Vancouvor branch of tho Betail Clerks Association, assisted tho clerks in their organizing efforts.
After the officers had been elected,
the local got down to business, and
went on record as being in favor of
the proposed shortening of tho hours
adopted by tho Vancouvor branch, the
object of which is to havo the stores
closed on Saturdays the samo as any
other day, thus giving tho workerB in
tho vurious industries time to do their
shopping on Saturday afternoon, and
the half-holiday to be as at present on
Wednesday, for the clerks.
Tho clerks also decided to subscribe
in a body to The B. 0, FederationiBt.
This makes the second local in New
Westminster to subscribe in the past
Announcement Extraordinary!!!
the old phaeton we would soon como
)f these gates.   Then we would
stop and the toll   gatekeeper   would
come out. After grandfather had paid
him ten centa, he would open the gate
and let us drive along. The man who
built the road of course did muoh to
holp the people but often he made a
great deal of money because he could
charge everybody every time ho used
the road. After a while the people understood this and then they mado thoir
own roads and you know now that we
can walk or drive back and forward
Petition Signed by 2,000,000 Workers
Washington — Petitions protesting
against war-time prohibition on the
part of organized labor, said to have
been signed by two million wage-earners in forty-eight states, has been presonted to President Wilson by _ committee composed! of Bella G. Sexton,
Henry Sterling, and J. J. Henley.
At the same time a telegram of protest from the New Tork State Federation of Labor was presented.
Ottawa—Mr. Justice Snider has been
appointed chairman of tho board of
conciliation under the industrial disputes act, which will inquire into the
dispute between the Poison works and
'other Toronto firms and their blacksmith employees and helpers, The
other membors of the board are J. G.
Merrick, secrotary of the employers'
I association, representing the employers, and Mr, F. Bancroft, representing
tho men.
Arrival of Three (3) Carloads
.'.   of Pianos   .'.
THE arrival of these pianos, comprising such famous makes
others, affords us so comprehensive a stock—so wide a range
of prices, as to place before the intending purchaser a magnificent assortment from which to select, eased in every variety
.of woods known to the manufacturer.
Montelius Piano House
Some Splendid Values in Used Player-Pianos and Uprights
(Abraham Lincoln, 1861.)
I seo in the near future a crisis
approaching that unnerves me and
causes me to tremble for the safety
of my country. As the" result of tho i
war, corporations have been enthroned)4!
and an era of corruption in Ugh places
will follow, and the -money power of
the country will endeavor to prolong
its reign by working upon the preju-
I dices of the people until all tbe wealth
in Hanrarrata* \_ _ £ew hands, and the
republic is destroyed. I feel at this
momont more anxiety for tho safety
of our country than ever beforo, oven
in tho midst of war. God grant that
my forobodings may bo groundless.
"Monarchy itsolf is sometimes hint
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Gents' Furnishings
Factory orgsnlMd untor "United Oar-neat Worksrs of America"
Montreal — Substantial wage in-1 operators of the Canadian Paciflo Bail-
creases, the recognition of the eight- way Telegraph Company by the labor
hour day and time and a half pay for committee of the, Canadian Bailway
overtime were on Saturday granted the | War Board.
„„ .1    .     1  —•"_.»"»- ■*■*■«■ -"Jrwaru        luuuiir-juy n_ea ,*, sometimes hint-
on tbe streots as ofton as wo liko with- od at as a rcfugo from tho powor of
Alexandra Stout
s»ver SoDA water
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
pose that, in due proportion to their
sizo and area, other cities Bhould bo un-
ablo to emulate tho success of Glasgow
given caro in management and eonscr
vation in development,
Last year tramways thero carried
302,000,000 passengers, somo two-thirds
of whom pay ono-cent faros. Tho remainder paid fares carefully proportioned to tho distanco travelled, according to tho zoning syatem everywhere in
voguo in tho old country, Tho observer
is led to considor seriously whether this
method of collecting fares has not a
good deal to do with the success attained. Very large numbors of passon- j
gers aro carried about tho business sec-j
tion who would hesitate to pay two
cents each time they desired to travel
a few. blocks. Tho not uncommon experience that lower faros produce greater rcvonuo may bo largely responsible
for Glasgow's success. At any rate tho
chargo is proportioned to the servico
But did you overy think that you
boys and girls do pay toll—that many
of you go through a toll gato every
day? Tou don't believo itf Well I'll
try to explain.
When people camo to livo in cities
thoy found they had to walk a long
way to go to work. Most of them
could not afford to keep a carriage.
So someone said: I'll build streot
cars and carry you to and from work if
you pay mo something, and the people
wero all so glad to get helped along
the roads that thoy agreed to do this.
And the man built the cars and at
tho door of each car ho mado a kind
of gate. Tes, I suppose you would call
it a toll gate. Tou sec it all now! And
what do you call thc conductor! A
toll gate keeper.   Sure!   Tou boys and
firls seo what a lot of older people
on't soe.
Well, tho street cars are of great
use, but as hundreds and hundreds of
peoplo camo to livo in tho city and
must go to and from work, you can
see that tho street car peoplo can make
a great deal of monoy. That is why
peoplo are now beginning to think that
ovorybody ought to build tho street
cars and then we wouldn 't havo to pay
any toll. Hide free, just like on an
olovator? Well perhaps, ask your
fathor about that too.
Who else takes toll? Tho railroads.
Tes, Tho steamboats. Tes. Do you
know thero nre tollgntcs in overy shop,
and toll gates on the waterfront, and
toll gates between different countries,
But it's a funny thing poople aro so
blind thoy don't see thom even though
they pay toll a hundred times a day.
Somo other timo I'll tell you about
A Word to the Fathers and Mothers
Tou working class men and women
understand somothing about economics.
Tou are in tho labor movement.   Whnt
could scarcely be justified woro I to
{omit to raise a warning voico against■,
tho approach of returning despotism.
It is not needed nor fitting hero that
u goneral argument should be made'
in favor of popular institutions, but
thero is one point with its connections
uot to bo hackneyed as most othors, to
which I ask brief attontion.
It is assumed that labor is available
only in connection with capital, that
nobody labors unloss somebody olso
owing capital, somehow by tho uso of
it, induces him to labor. Labor is prior
to and independent of capital. Capital
is only tho fruit of labor and could not
have existed if labor had not first existed.   Labor is tho superior of capital
Exceptional Values
Men's Boot
Seattle, Wash.—Martin J. Flyzik,
president of tho United Mino Workors
District No. 10, this state, just returned from a convention of the Mill, Mine
and Smelter Workors International
Union in Denver, which ho nttondod
as a fraternal delegate, says that nn
important development, was tho laying
of foundations for nn organization
campaign among metal oro minors and
smelters in tho cast. About 100,000
of this class of workers in Alabama oro
mines and custom smelters aro ns yet
unorganized and an agreement between
international unions cedes jurisdiction
over them to the Mill, Mine and Smelter Workers International,
about your boys nnd girls?' What kind |otfe P"»n? fcco*
of teaching do they get at school? Is
history taught from tho working class
standpoint? Are social institutions explained from tho working class viewpoint/ When thc girls and boys associate with others, attend tho movies,
read the papers, perhaps go to Sunday
school, do they got training along working elusas lines? We hold all sorts of
propaganda meetings and succeed in
converting n few old men who will die
off one of these dnys. Whut about tho
young people?
From the floor, nt n recent Labor
Party nieeting, came nn inquiry us to
what tho labor people and Socialists
were going to do for thoir children.
Every ono hasn't the timo or perhaps
the ability to train his own children
A sort of Sundav school hns boen sug
gosted.   Would thnt (ill the bill?
The abovo little talk to tho boys nnd
girls has been written us u suggested
lesson. Whnt do you think of it? Givo
your suggestions and somothing
might be worked out. Address them
to the writer, eare of the Fedorationist.
aud deserves higher consideration. I
bid tho laboring peoplo beware of sur
rendering tho power which they possess and which, if surrendered, will
surely bo used to shut tho door of advancement for such as thoy, and fit
new disabilities and burdens upon thom
until all of liborty be lost.
"In the early days of our race, tho
Almighty said to the first of mankind,
'In tho sweat of thy brow shalt thou
eat bread.' And sinco then, if wo except thc light aud air of heaven, no
good thing can bo employed without
lirst having cost labor. And, inasmuch
as most good things have boon produced by lubor, it follows that all such
things by right belong to those whoso
labor has produced them. But it has
so happened in all agon of tho world
iIm. some huve labored und others
huve, without labor, enjoyed a lnrge
portion of the fruits. That is wrong
and should not continue To secure to
I euch laborer the whole product of his
lubor, or nearly ns much, is a worthy
object of any governmont
"It seems strange that any man
should dure to nsk God's assistance
in  wringing bread from the sweat of
Today and Saturday
State Unions Meet
Fort Scott, Kan.—At the annual convontion of the Stftto Federation of
Labor delegates and nfllcers reported
that trade unionism is making continuous gains throughout Knnsns. The
next convention will be held nt Arkansas City.
This country, with its institutions,
belongs to the people who Inhabit it."
Try Union Recognition
WASHINGTON—The United Statos
Shipping Board announces that tho
Puscy & Jones shipyards at Wilmington, Del., hus sunt its plant manager
"to the west coast to get a lino of (ho I
'secret' of speedy ship building that
apparently hns been solved along the
The shipping board is awarding red,;
white and blue penants every month to;
the yard that makes the best record,1
and  to date the Pacific  const yards,
whieh  arc strictly union, have swept
the platt-cr.    Not a ponant has been
awarded Atlantic or gulf coast yards.
Of forty contract steol vessels delivered to the shipping board the Skinner
& Eddy concern has built 18.   Of nine
contract vessels that hnvo been completed this year in loss than 100 calendar
days, Skinner & Eddy have bujlt seven.
The record ut thut yard is 78 calendar
days from keel laying to delivery of
tho completed vessel to the shipping
board.   This is ulso the record for any
yard engaged in building contract steel
Pntronizo B, C. Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Laundry Workers Gain
San Francisco—Representatives of
the Laundry Workors Union nnd the!
Laundry Owners Association have
agraod to a general wage Increase of $- !
a week for employees, regardless of
The Above Illustration
Exactly portrays a dress boot of excellent proportions. The medium narrow, receding toe,
and sensible heel, form a combination at once
stylish and practicable. To be had in a Russian
calfskin leather,
A $9 value specially priced at $6.45.
$y Oxfords To Clear At
We are clearing all Oxfords at this low price—in
many instances at less than factory cost. They
are all 1918 styles reflecting in heel, tip and pattern the most approved ideas in a low shoe.
'TheHome of Good Shoes'
649 HASTINGS. W.   Near Granville.
The Pioneer Union St
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Fall Clothes
for Men
nothing else—no "seconds," no "specials," no
"job lots," no off-styles—
the best and nothing else,
therefore you are assured
of complete satisfaction.
Hart, Schaffner & Marx
all-wool Fall Models Suits
and Overcoats
$35 >° $60
Claman's Canadian
$15 'o $30
OopTrlsMHartSchiffiiw & Mars
Man Had to Have Medical
The caso of a striker having been
struck on the head by Mrs. Morrow
of thc Star Laundry, was aired in the
police court Thursday morning, Magistrate Shaw dismissing the charge and
the counter charges. It appears that
Todd, the man who was struck by Mrs.
Morrow, resented some of tho coarse
jokes of Mr, Morrow and mixed it with
him; the jokes wero levelled at some
of the striking girls, and Morrow then
struck a pipe from the mouth of Todd,
who retaliated by giving Mr. Morrow
one in the eye, which was the signal
for Mrs. Morrow entering into tho case,
and Bhe struck Todd on the head with
a hammer, and he had to have medical
treatment as a consequence. While recognizing the fact that tho man was on
strike, wo cannot see how that should
affect the decision of tho court, and
can only wondor at the vagaries of the
law.       t
The Bakers aro still forging ahead
and are making new members at every
meeting. All union men are requested
to demand tho label of tho bakery
workers on the breed thoy purchaso.
We're ready to show
you the New Fall Models and Fabrics whenever you're ready to
look, but don't wait too
The best choosing is
right now.
Shop of—
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Oranvllle Streot
Letter Sent to Premier by
the Secretary of the
Provincial Body
The promise made at the meeting last
Saturday evening by President McCallum of the B. C. Federation of Labor,
that the Federation would support tho
dependents of the mon overseas In their
demands for increased allowances, has
been carried out. Acting undor instructions Secretary Wells has forwarded tho following letter to Premier Bordon:
"Soptembor 16, 1918.
'' Hon. Sir R, L. Borden,
"Premier of Dominion of Canada.
'' Sir,—I am instructed to inform you
that organized labor, as represented by
the abovo Fedoration, is in favor of
the demands now being made by the
dependents of tho men now engaged in
military service, for increased allowances.
"Those demands are in effect 'That
tho government enact such legislation
as will increase the soldiers' dependents ' nllowanco to $100 per month.
"In view of the fact that the governmont has possibly the most accurate
information as to tho increased cost of
living ns supplied by the Department
of Labor, which shows that the incrcaso is over 75 per cent, during the
last four years, there should bo no need
for an extended agitation for this mat-
tor to be rectified by tho govornment,
and in view of the fact that tho government was elected on a "Win-the-
war" policy, and tho men engaged in
military service are doing their best to
win the war, thero should be no hesitation on tho part of the governmont in
granting to the dependents of these
mon tho necessary allowance in order
that thoy may not suffer from the absence of their men folk,
'As the men are giving thoir service to the nation, it is necessary that
the nation should protect their loved
ones, and as the government is the
only body that can give expression and
put into effect the wishes of the nation, we call upon the government at
this time to fulfil the pledges of tho nation to tho mon serving in military servico by amply providing for thoso left
"I romain, respectfully yours,
"A. S. WELLS, Sec-Treas."
Seattle Optimist ln Victoria
W. McGuerin, international representative of the Bakers Union, is now
organizing tho insido help of tho bakery shops in tho Capital City, and will
present a new wage scalo to tho employers in tho near futuro. With the
drivers organized and every indication
of a 100 pr cent, organizntion of the
linkers, thc union men of Victoria will
shortly ho ablo to purchase union-
made bread which will be tleliverod by
a union driver. Ask for tho union
card of the driver that delivers your
THIS IS TO CERTIFY.Ttat this Meat Market Is conducted In
accordance with the rules of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters
aad Butcher Workmen of North America, A. P. of L
Therefore we commend It to the patronage of all.
Sa ..*. n.u.
D-mu-Ji Luw
Writ of Error Granted by
Supreme Court—Debs
Out on Bail
[By J. Louis Engdahl]
Cleveland, Ohio.—(Special to The
Federationist.)—Eugene Victor Debs,
veteran spokesman of Socialism in
Amorica for a score of years, was declared guilty here tonight by a jury of
having uttered words in a speech at
Canton, June 16, that the government
considered prejudicial to the interests
of the United States in the present
Debs received the verdict, which
may mean twonty years in prison, with
thc same genial smile that has endowed him to millions,   He declared:
"I am satisfied. I have no fault to
find, no fault with the court or the
jury. Time will mend everything and
make everything all right."
Socialists present at the trial, who
hnvo instinctively felt the rising tide
of prejudice, hysteria and hatred
ugainst overy progressive idea voiced
by the radical forces of the country,
felt that tho jury would return a guilty
verdict in a fow minutes aftor thoy
rotirod on Thursday morning, following the charge by tho court.
When tho noon hour pasBed, how-
however, and tho afternoon began to
fade away, hopes of a disagreement began to materialize. At five o'clock
word camo from the jury that a verdict had been reached.
Hundreds who thronged the corridors hurried into the court room, the
lawyers were summoned, and with
judge and court attendants in their
places, the last sceno in the Debs trial
was enacted. Ab the news boys in the
streets yelled the last extras about the
American advance in France, the jurors
took their places to render their verdict on the preservation of fundamental institutions at home.
Bose Pastor Stokes, herself facing a
ten-year sentence in prison, took a seat
beside Debs and grasped his hand.
The judge in a droll voice was again
warning the high strung audience
against any demonstration.
Cyrus H. Stoner, aged 58 years, the
youngest man on the jury, as foreman,
handed tho verdict to Clerk Miller, who
passed it up to Judge Westenhaver, who
glanced over it, thon returned it to the
clork, declaring, "Tho verdict may be
The clerk read and as he finished,
showing that Debs had been found
guilty on threo counts in the indictment, and not guilty on but ono, the
four-time Socialist presidential candidato turned to his comrade, Bose Pastor Stokes, who was still holding his
hand, and smiled, satisfaction lighting
up his whole face as ho said:
1' Now wo are in the same class, Comrade," and Bose Pastor Stokes smiled
One of thc charges against Debs was
that he had declared, "If Rose Pastor
Stokes is guilty, so am I."
During the day working men and
working women of Cleveland had como
to Debs,, keeping opon houso in the
court room while awaiting his verdict.
Some had come to shake him by tho
hand. Others presented their champion with small bouquest of flowers—
some tied with rod ribbons, others with
red, whito und blue ribbons.
"Poor in clothes but rich as Croesus
in mind and soul," commented Dobs,
as onc working man left him.
Now after the jurors had been dismissed and after the lawyers had gone
through formalities and court had adjourned, the audience on masse moved
up to and around Dobs, expressing its
hope, sympathy and encouragement.
And thus they all, Debs in tho centre,
departed* from tho court room, went out
of the federal building into the driving rain, all accompanying their loved
leader back to his hotel.
That tho jury gavo some consideration to the question beforc them is
seen by the fact that they were out
six hours and roturned a verdict of not
guilty on the ono count charging Debs
with opposition to the cause of the
United States in the war.
The counts on which ho was found
guilty chargo that ho attempted to incite insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny and refusal of duty in military
and naval forces; obscructing and attempting to obstruct recruiting and
enlisting; utterance of language intended to incite, provoke and encourage resistance to the United States and to
promoto the causo of the onemy.
Until Saturday, Debs was at liberty
undor thc same $10,000 bonds that ho
has enjoyed his froedom since his arrest. The court inferred that he would
be allowed to remain at liberty pending an appeal on the samo $10,000
bond, but that ho would also be compelled to sign an additional bond to
kocp the peace. Whother this meanB
thnt he will not bo allowed to mako
any speeches or write nnything for tho
Socialist press wns not made clear.
His bondsmon now aro E. A, Mos-
cowitz of Cleveland, who scheduled
$20,000 worth of property, added to
$10,000 scheduled by Mrs. Mnrguirotc
Provey of Akron. Dobs left at night
for Akron where he is remaining nt the
home of Mrs. Provey until Saturday
Judgo Westenhaver'a charge to tho
jury was considered fair by Debs, who
listened intently to ovory word of it,
nnd by counsel for Dobs. The court
told the jury that Debs was on trial
just liko uny other criminal.
1' In this trial Socialist principles,
the Socialist. Party, its aims, principles
and programme havo somewhat entered
into tho proceedings," said Judgo
Wcstenhnver. "Mr, Debs is not being
tried, however, becauso he is a Socialist."
Thc court then declared that ono's
political opinions of religious beliefs
can be offered ns an excuse for utter-
uncoH made or offered as a defence. Ho
said it was not necessary to show that
Debs caused insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny or refusal of duty. It was
merely necessary to show thnt ho attempted to do it.
Tho court ruled thnt tho question of
whether the espionage law is a violation of the free speech, press and assemblage sections of the federal constitution, is n question for the court
nnd not the jury to determine.
Debs was later sentencod to ten
years imprisonment on each count, tlie
sentences to run concurrently.
Motion for n new trial was overruled nnd an exception on bclinlf of
the defendant was nllowod. A motion
for nrrest of the sentence was also
Tlie court admitted Dobs to bail in
...September 20, 1919
fastidious you may be
about your corsets,
you will be delighted
with the new Warner's Rust Proof models we are showing.
They are made of excellent materials—soft and
beautiful to wear, but
firm, with a pliant boning
guaranteed not to rust or
break and the fabric not
to tear.
Warner's Corsets oome in
a large number of styles
providing types for all
normal figures. Prices,
¥1.75 to $5.50
575 Grartoille 'Phone Sey. 3540
Provincial   Body   Protests
Against City Council's
The following is a copy of a letter
sent by the B. C. Federation of Labor
to the Premier on the question of policemen being allowed to affiliate with
central bodies, and is self explanatory:
"Sept. 16th, 1918
"Hon. Sir B. L. Borden,
"Promier of Dominion of Canada
"Sir,—The City Council of tho Oity
of Vancouver is asking the government
to enact legislation which would make
it illegal for policemen to organize and
affiliate with any Trades and Labor
"I am instructed to write you and
to protest againat any such legislation.
We are of tho opinion that the polico-
mon or any other govornmont or civic
employees should have the right to organize, and to affiliate with whom they
will, in timo which is their own.
"Labor organizations are law abiding organizations, and havo not in any
caso advocated the breaking of any
law duly placed upon the Statue Books,
and are not in any shape illegal organizations. In view of this fact we can
not seo how thero can bo any differentiation between policomon and letter
carriers, or between civic employoes in
any form, nnd any other typo of labor.
"We thorcfore bog to enter a protest
against nny such legislation.
I remain, respectfully yours,
A. S. Wells, Sec.-Trens."
At the Plumbers meeting last Friday
much routine business was transacted,
and ten new members woro initiated, A
number of applications for membership
wero received. The new quarterly
working card was adopted at this
Miners to Vote
On   Proposals
(Continued from page 1)
the following proposals to thc miners
now idle, and nlso to thc company involved:
1. The iminediato appointment under authority contained in Section 73
of the Coal Minors Regulation Act, of
a commission confposed of three members, ono chosen by tho miners and ono
by the operators, tho third to bo appointed by tho Lieutonant-Governor-in-
Council on the recommendation of the
Minister of Mines, this commission to
immediately proceod to tako evidonco
on the questions involved in so far as
it affects nny or all mines in Coal
Crook, and to be prepared to roport
within 30 days of their nppointmciit,
to the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Couucil,
whether in their opinion, tho singlo
shift would be advisablo in any or all
mines in snid aron. Tho recommendations of this commission, if nny, to be
binding on both operators and men until the conclusion of tho war,
2, If tho nbove proposal is satisfactory I will bo prepared, as Minister of Mines, to introduce at the next
session of tho legislature, an amendment to the Coal Mines Regulation
Act, calling for ono shift in every 24
hours for the production of conl,
throughout the provinco of British Columbia, except in cases of national
This nmendment to become effective
within one year after the conclusion of
the war.
(Signed)    W. SLOAN,
Minister of Mines.
(Signed)   BIGGS, BROWNE.
Until thc action of tho men in tho
district is decidod by thoir votes nothing further cun bo done, and all parties await the outcome of the vote.
the sum of $10,000 with permission
to leave tho northorn federal district
of Ohio only to go to and remain at.
his home.
A writ of error was granted by the
United ISates Supreme Court. ' Bail
wus granted in tho sum of $10,000 upon
condition thnt Debs would observe the
Inw whilo at large.
As usual, the Socialist Party of Canada will hold their propaganda meetings at tho Royal theatre. Come early,
as the meeting will start nt 8 p. m.
sharp. ***
Overtime  Cause   of   Discussion and Pertinent
[By Waltor Head]
In once moro coming before the readers of the Federationist under the
slightly changed conditions that havo
been brought about through the threatened suppression of the paper by the
censor, we will no doubt have to govern ourselves uccoraingly and will
probably havo to refrain from saying
some things that wc would like to
say. However, our policy will be to
comment on the passing show and let
the labor world know what Local 620,
Stoam and Operating Engineers, is doing from time to time.
It may not be good policy to dis-
cubs somo business that is transacted
in a union meeting, while on the other
hand, there aro some dismissions that
take place in a union meeting that are
of educational valuo to the workors
in general, as well as to the members
of tho organization in quostion. Under this heading would como questions
dealing with shortening tho hours of
labor; questions of bringing about a
closor affiliation betwoen the 57 varieties of unions that aro at prosent in
existence, among which can be classed
tho various returned soldiers' organization; and such other questions as perplex the wago. slave from timo to
The regular meeting of Local 620,
Steam and Operating Engineers, took
placo on Monday night and several
matters of genoral interost wero up
for discussion, and quito a numbor of
applications of new membors were
received and all tho signs are in evidence of Local 620 becoming ono of tho
largest organizations in tho province.
Tho question of accoding to Lieut.
Robertson's request for our co-operation in having tho boiler inspection
act amended, so as to allow membors
of tho returned soldiors' vocational
training class to sit for on engineers'
examination without putting iu the
necessary timo boiler firing, was reported upon by the executivo, who woro
of the opinion that inasmuch as the
B. C. Federation of Labor had a committeo working on a vocational training scheme, the time was not opportune to deal with the matter, and until
such time as the Federation committee
had made, a report the matter could bo
left in abeyance.
Tho oxcessivo lovo of overtime muni-
fosted by a certain class of individuals
waB given a largo measure of condom-
nation and this camo at tho psychological momont, as the resolution of
the carpenters proposing a Bix-hour day
at thc termination of tho war had just
beou endorsed. It was shown very
plainly that in addition to ponalizing
the employer by compelling him to pay
timo and one-hnlf and double timo for
overtime, it was necessary to invent,
somo poualty for the worker who loved
working overtime, to whom the overtime rates simply acted ns an incentive to work more overtime, and in so
doing provent nnother mnn from finding employment, and also giving the
omployer tho opportunity of cutting
down wages by pointing to these individuals ns examples of tho high wages
that aro being paid. Wo are familiar
with this phase of the question and wo
One hundred per cent, economy-
T<HE fabrics now woven in Great Bri-
1 tain and the United States are but
60 per cent, wool—the balance cotton.
The governments will not now allow
pure wool cloth to be spun, and the pure
wool fabrics in existence are being universally held at enormous prices. When
you consider these facts you must appreciate the value and economy of a
Tom-the-Tailor suit made of guaranteed fabrics woven exclusively of fine,
long wool in the best British looms.
One hundred per cent, wool is one hundred per cent, economy. Examine my
fabrics—and the prices.
Man's •alta to
Itaaane  ftom
Mil (Mm
have seen such incidents nriBe during
tho negotiations of wage scales. We
also know that such individuals exist
because we visited a saw mill a few
days ago where the boss told ub his
night engineer would quit if ho was
"forced" to work oight hours instead
of twolve. This mill is at present
operating with one watch engineer on
night shift and a roustabout on morning shift. Just so long as such conditions as thia are permitted to exist,
just so long will we have men seeking
■work and failing to find it. That those
conditions are permitted to exist is
'evidenced by the fact of tho provin-
I cial governmont refusing to pass an
I oight-hour law at tho last session of
I tho legislature. They plead war-time
i necessity, but those three magic words
* cover a multitude of Bins and no man
in his right senses can see tho necessity of a mnn working 12 and 13 hourB
nightly, seven days in a week whon it
is possible to obtain tho services of
another man and so put thc plants on
nn eight-hour shift.
A communication was received from
thc Naylor-Aitken defence committee
and in answer to their appeal the sum
of $50 was subscribed towards tho defence of theso brothers.
Upon glancing through the columns
of the Ladysmith Chronicle of the past
week, I notice there recorded tho death
of Fred Shaw, of Ladysmith, who, thc
Chronicle recorded, had made tho supreme sacrifice upon tho battle fiolds.
Thoso of us who knew our comrade
well, realizo thut his death was not so
much a sacrifice as it was a penalty,
for Comrade Shaw wns noted for his
outspoken opposition to tho prosent insane system of woalth production. He
played a very prominent part in thc
lato bitterly contested Vancouver Island strike,  which  of course entitled
him to bo classed among lawbreakers
and rough-necks in general, but "in a
moment, in the winking of an eye" a m
chango is mado and the one-time dos- '
porado has become a hero.   It certainly is "a mad world my masters."
We also note recorded in the columns of tho Vancouvor World, the
denth of another ono of Labor's dero-
licts, our late Comrade H. M. Fitzgerald, who recently died. "Felix Penne,"
who writes under the heading, "Tho
World's Window," eulogizes our departed comrade, not so much becauso
he worked for tho overthrow of the
system of capitalism, but because in
tho waning years of his strenuous lifo,
his wonderful brain, due to tho weakening of the bodily structure which
nourished it, showed signs of deterioration.
That is tho only reason for Fitz's
change of ideas and of course the
apologists for the present system will
always scizo upon these opportunities
to cry "recantation." They have done
it time and timo again and will no
doubt continuo to do it until the overthrow of this system is brought about.
assures success of industrial enterprise—15-ycar monopoly on
world market—staple line—market available in Canada and
U. S. A. alone 50,000 per day,
our profit 30 cents each—essential industry—amounts $200 up
accepted. Confidential information nt 310 Dominion Building.
£11? DICK <™
Union Men, Attention!
Dick Sells Union-made Shoes—
McPherson's Black Dress Boot
Made in tbt oldest UNION SHOE FACTORY in Canada thla
boot hat the appoval of UNION MEN.  Bnt tbere ia another reaaco, too—McPherson's boots are exceedingly
well balanced nd attractive.    Roomy   enough  to
ininre comfort, yet adhering to tbe appro-red (tyke.
Tbe boot -ve ikateh it a black call with Neolin
nle and Panther robber heel, built on tha popular Engliah lait.  We alio have thli boot ia
th*   round   and   raawd   toe.    DICK'S
oH to
Return*] Soldiara ^	
Tan and Brown Boots
This union-made boot will stand favorable comparison with many higher-priced imported boots.  From
the straight-cut top of fine Russian calf to the tip
oi the semi-recede toe there is "class" in the
boot we picture here.    Has Neolin sole and
rubber heel.  Shown in a rich nut-brown and
tan.    Also   the   round-toe   model,   same
quality.    DICK'S PRICE.. $9.00
Worth or


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