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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 20, 1920

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Array INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPBB:   VANCOUVEB TBADBS ANDK^BOR COUNCIL, AND B. C FEDEBATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL UNITT:  VH3TOBT
TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 8
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY ITORNING, FEBRUARY 20, 1920.
$2.00 PER YEAR
FARNELL IS FOUND
GUILTY AT WINNIPEG
Justice Prendergast's Charge Feature of Trials' in
Fast Week — Witness Called By Crown Is Good
■    Witness for Defense—Heard of No Conspiracy
(Special to the Federationist)
"Winnipeg, Man., Feb, 19.—Only one court is now sitting in
the trials of men charged with activities in the big 1919 Winnipeg general strike. John Farnell, returned soldier, charged with
uttering seditious words during a meeting at the time of the
strike, was found guilty Wednesday morning and sentenced in
the afternoon to nine months at hard labor in the provincial jail.
In the trial of the seven charged with seditious conspiracy, the
crown continues to call numerous witnesses.
Judge Prendergast'« charge in the Farnell case was easily the
feature of the week's sessions.
"Mr. MacNeil was going very far in saying the strike was illegal. Certain things were illegal; certain people struck illegally
because they wero bound, certain people had no right to leave
their jobs. But that does not effect the strike in a general way—
if We investigated we might find that the blame is to be distributed all round—that we are all responsible. We are not to judge
of the ethics of labor and capital." So declared Justice Prendergast, Tuesday afternoon, in his summing tip address to the jury
in the trial of Farnell, charged with using seditious words at a
meeting in the Market Square on June 20,1919.   v
were calculated and Intended.   It
Is not enough that they were cal-
The Jury returned Its verdict ot
"guilty" Wednesday morning, and
Farnell, who is feeble ln health,
and whose wife is in a serious condition, was sentenced to nine
months In the provincial jail with
hard labor, later in the day.
"I is charged that on Juno 20,
In the market square, at a public
meeting of returned soldiers, this
young man used certain words,"
the judge said, In opening his
oharge, "these words being used
with the intention In hla mind
that they were seditious words.
Hard to Define
"I am free to aay to you, as has
been said by one counsel, that uttering of seditious words Is an offense hard to define on account of
It being aimed at something of a
general nature, and something with
a certain amount of uncertainty
about It. There is also a certain
conflict of authority among the
decisions.
N "I have no hesitancy ln saying
that kind of a crime, where it is
considered, must be weighed In tho
change• in the spirit, In the development of thc spirit, of freo
speech—that It is being enlarged
more and more In the development
of democracy. This adds also to
the difficulty because most of the
cases cited have to do with earlier
times.
"We must consider the age and
general conditions of liberty which
the citizen enjoys in a free country.
"I will, therefore, give you certain definitions narrowed down.
. "Every one Is guilty of sedition
who speaks .seditious words," it Is
said. The meaning of "seditious
■ words" In the code, is not Very
clear. It nays "seditious words are
words which carry a seditious intention."
Quoting Campbell, Archibald
and other authorities, he then referred to the definition In the code,
pointing out that lt Is necessary to
do the things defined under certain
el iv uni stau cop.
Must Bc Intent
"It is not enough that the words
he speaks creates disaffection," he
deoTared. "His words must be
words calculated. But more than
that they must be words intended.
Tou must flnd that he has had
that Intention. It la not only a
matter of having spoken those
words, there was a seditious intention   In   hts   mind—thut   they
New Westminster Branch
Also Assured—Concert Success
Tho North Vancouver branch of
the Vancouver Co-operative Society Ltd., will open on Monduy,
February S3, with a full line of
groceries and provisions. Kir. Ralph
liuTc-.i, a resident of North Vuneouver, returned soldier and au old
country co-operator wtll be in
charge of the store. All the shelving, counters, painting, electrical
work mid sign writing has been
done by voluntary labor of both
Vancouver and North Vancouver
members.
New  Westminster Meeting  Frldny
A mass meeting of New Westminster residents will be held ln
St. George's HaU this evening (Friday), for the purpose of launching a branch store, in that city.
The store is practically.assured by
the number of people who have
been signed up by an enthusiastic
committee who have been on the
job for the past three weeks.
The concert and dance held by
the Women's Co-operative Guild in
tho Labor Temple last Saturday
was a huge success in every way
and now the women are busy on
the job of selling tickets for the
big dance to be held in the Cotillion Hall on Monday, March 8.
The Seattle delegate to the machinists' convention says that If
his local Uvea up to the order of
the International to expel all members who advocated the One Big
Union, that It wnrtd - mean oxpul-
•ion of ninety per cent, of hla local.
Since, the capture of the vast
Lena gold fields by the Bolsheviki
troops, there has been a great rush
on the part of the business element of the world to sell goods to
the Bolshevlka becauso they now
apponr to be the only nation with
a real supply of that precious metal
which can be exchanged for goods.
eulated to cause disaffection and
distorder, but they must be Intend-
You must in fairness be able
to saddle him with that intention."
Judge Prendergast then cited
Lord Fitzgerald and also Judge
Cave, who said that they "must be
words quoted with criminal Intent.'
Chief Justice Brown of Saskatchewan, has collected all these authorities, and has auummed them
up by Baying that in order to be
guilty,, "we must not only havo
intention, but must have the effective edge," tho Judge said.
"The crown cannot say that I
have limited it, although there la
a danger that you ahould be prejudiced by that evidence. The only
reason it was allowed was purely
and simply to show you the con-
.   (Continued on page S)
j.
AT IMPRESS
The Education of Workers
Never More Necessary
Than Now
The Socialist Party of Canada
will hold tta regular propaganda
meeting noxt Sunday night, at
the Empress theatre, and the
speaker will be J, Harrington,
Active social forces work exactly
like natural forces, blindly,, ford
bly, destructively, so long: as we
do not understand, and reckon
with them. But when once we
understand them, when once we
grasp their action, their direction,
their effects, it depends only upon
ourselves tp subject them more
and more to our own will, and by
means of them to .reach our own
ends. And thla holds quite especially of the mighty productive
forces of today.
Thia fs the lesson which the
working class ■ must learn, before
they can freo themselves from the
bondage of capitalism and wage
slavery, and the necessary mental
stimulant can be obtained by a
visit to the Empress next Sunday,
to hear Jack Harrington deliver
his address. •
Workera, the need for education
was nover so urgent as at tho present time, Rally around tbe Socialist Party of Canada. Meeting
at 8 p.m. Doors open at 7:30,
Questions and  discussion.
Jewellers Install Officers
At the last meeting Friday, Feb.
13th, the installation of officers
took place. Thc following Is the
list of ollicers elected: President,
Bro. W. Wllaon, by acclamation;
1st vice-presidont, Bro. F. Davis;
2nd vice-president, C. Holmes; financial secrotary, Bro. 13, Kelly; recording secretary, Bro. iJJ Holds-
worth; treasurer, Bro. G. Hodgson! trustees, Bro. F. C. Yarrow
and Bro. G. Watt; sergeant at
arms, Bro. 13. Howell; local representative, Bro. W. Wilson. The
president, W. Wilson, in a shotr
speech, thanked the members for
thcir confidence in him, and a
hearty vote of thanks was given to
the retiring officers, after which tht
meeting adjourned.
Where Is your union button?
Scores Winnipeg's Newly
Rich and Winnipeg
Trials
Compares France's Action
With Respect to Political Offenders
Mayor Joe Clarke of Edmonton,
while ln the city on municipal business, was an Invited guest to the
Kiwanls Club lunch on the 19th
Inst., at whloh ex-Sheriff Ellbech
of the Yukon, was the speaker of
the day. Being called on ln the
dual capacity of another old Yu-
koner and mayor of Alberta's capital city, Mayor Clarke aroused enthusiasm to a degree by his claim
of Vancouver as the prairie seaport—the Montreal of Edmonton,
which 'ihe speaker pointed out
could be reached in 24 houra' rati
journey.
Touching on Labor questions,
Mayor Clarke pointed out the dan.
ger to Western Canada of the concrete headed newly rioh at Winnipeg" were allowed to continue
their judicial farce of putting returned soldiers In jail for making
speeches where yesterday's news
from France proclaimed that the
flrst act of the new French president waa to pardon all criminals,
war or peace, order-in-councll or
penal code, except those actually
guilty of treason.
With this as the chief news of
the day from the seat of the war,
It was time some one stepped on
the fanatical persecutors of Manitoba, was Mayor Clarke's concluding ahot .and whisper softly, concluded amidst an ovation.
Metal Miners Warned
Metal miners are warned by C.
H. Lake of Stewart ,B. C, agalnBt
going Into that district in search
of work. Mining promoters are
attempting to stampede men into
that district but there can only be
a limited amount of work done
before June 1 on account of the
heavy snow and condition of the
ground generally.
Lecture Tonight
Professor T. H. Boggs will be
the lecturer on Economics at the
Brotherhood House, 288 Abbott
street, tonight (Friday) at 8 p.m.
His subject will be "International
Trade." These leotures are drawing great crowds, and as an oppor.
tunity Is given for free discussion
of the subject dealt with, are full
of general Interest.
Olve a Uttle' encouragement to
our advertisers.
OUTLAW PRINTERS
WIN WAGS DEMANDS
Increase of (0 Per Week Granted
New York Printers Who
Took "Vacation"
Over 6,000 job and book printers of New York City were lost
week granted an Increase of $9
a woek by the board of arbitration. The scale under the award
will be $45 a week.
This closes the story of one of
the most remarkable labor disputes
which has occurred ln the United
Statea. The printers, asking for an
Increased wage, were not given the
sanction of the international union to strike and no strike waa declared, but thousands of them announced they would take a vacation, and many national publications were tied up for a period of
more than two months ln the late
fall.
Any member of the Typographical Union could work in tho shops
without being 'penalised by the union, but none could bo found to
take the place of those on "vacation," An attempt to send some
of the work to other cities failed
when Typographical men elsewhere announced they would refuse to handle It,
A Correction
In last Week's issue In a report
of an addreHB given by Mr. Thomas
Richardson at the Royal Theatre,
he was quoted as stating that Great
Britain had added 15,000,000 square
miles. What he said was that
1,500,000 square miles had been
added to the British Empire.
What Have You to Say?
Two men are now serving: sentences for their
part in the Winnipeg strike. Their families
must be cared for. This is the work of the defense committee. In addition to the caring for
the families of the men now imprisoned, there is
the appeal to the Privy Council, and the necessary defense of the men now on trial, and their
support during the proceedings. This fight for
the spokesmen of Labor must be continued. But
money is needed to carry it along. They did as
the workers desired them to do. It is the duty
of every man connected with organized labor to
assist in their defense. Every dollar counts.
Money talks. How much have you to say. Send
all monies to A. S. Wells, 405 Dunsmuir street,
Vancouver, B. C. Remember that if you were
in the position that Russell and the other boys
are in, that you would like to think that you were
not forgotten by the men you had fought for.
1
AT THE ROYAL
Will Address Meeting oil
the Fitness of Labor j |
to Govern
"Can Labor Govern," will be the
subject of Comrade J. W. Hogg's
address at the Federated Labor
Party meeting in the Royal theatre next Sunday evening. It will
be remembered that during a recent campaign ln England, Winston Churchill, of Gollopoli fame,
made the statement that "Labor
was unfit to govern." Various,
others of the same class as Churchill have expressed that opinion. If
Labor could do no better than the
present rulers at least it could do
no worse.
At a time like this, when all parties are expecting an election Comrade Hogg's address on the fitness
of Labor to govern Is sure to attract attention. Comrade W. It.
Trotter • will occupy the chair.
Open platform and questions after
the address. The meeting begins,
at 8 p.m.
The Labor Party Sunday sohool,
meets every Sunday afternoon in
O'Brien Hall at 2:30 o'clock. The
lesson next Sunday will be on
"Freedom In the Twentieth Century." There are grades for boys
and girls from 6 and 7 years up,
the school being divided Into three
classes.
Tonight (Friday) the Junior Labor League Is having a social in
the club rooms at 52 Dufferln
street west. Next Friday the regular business meeting of the league
will be held in the same rooms.
Preparations for a "mock parliament" have been under way for the
past two weeks. When "parliament" is convened on Friday, Mar,
5, It is «xpected that the government will have a hot time. The
time and place of the "sessions"'
will be announced later.
Tomorrow (Saturday) evening.
the postponed meeting of the F.
L. P. Debating Club will be held
at the party rooms, 610 Dominion
building at 8 o'clock. The subject
of debate will be "Resolved, that
the capitalist press is the greatest,
enemy of the working class." The
subject to be debated the following
Saturday is, "Resolved, that trades
unionism Is an asset to the workers."
81U. MS TO
MEMBERSHIP
G. H. Hardy and J. G.
Smith to Debatt—Craft
Unions Versus O.B.U.
At the regular meeting of the
General Workers' Unit of the O.
B. U. held last night, 31 new members were admitted, and the secretary reported a balance on hand
'pf 1352.76. The committee appointed to arrange for a debate
on the queatlon of the craft form
of organisation versus the O. B.
U. reported that George H. Hardy
would take the International side
of the debate. The special committee appointed to make a report
on the recommendations of the
defense convention held In Winnipeg, recommended that no action
be taken on the general strike resolution until all means through the
Courts had been taken. The report waa adopted.
The committee appointed to
draw up by-laws for the unit,
Jnade a report and presented draft
fcy-laws which, with only one
jimall amendment, were adopted.
\ The call for an assessment for
the defense of the men arrested
as a result of the Winnipeg strike
Was laid over until the next meeting which Is to be a special summoned  meeting,
1 J. G. Smith was eelcted to represent the O. B. U. in the debate
With George Hardy,
' ' A special committee on organising was appointed; this committee
Is to report at the next meeting.
: It was reported that efforts to
secure a reading room in the Labor Temple had not been successful, and -that the matter was being
taken up with the receiver.
Secretary Midgley reported that
the miners at Trail had been refused a board und£r the Industrial
Disputes Investigation Act, by the
minister of labor, but that the men
had received an Increase of SOc
■per day.
New appropriations aggregating
gl,500,000 have been asked of
congress by the department of la-
*or for use In furthering the government's campaign to cleanse the
United States of violent radicalism.
When through with this paper,
pass It on.
LUMBER WORKERS ARE
MAKING C08D PROGRESS
Discrimination Still Being Shown—Will Have Those
Destroying Federation^* Arrested-Strike at
Camden Bay 14 Called Off
The strikes at Dempsey-JEwart
Camps 1 and 2, Carriden Bay, have
been called off. The men demanded;
itraight time, at a miserably low
fete. This Is unnecessary, none
mould work longer than eight
Iwmrg a day whilst other workers
1. That blankets and sheets be j arc unemployed, and no man can
  ''"" jmaintain a decent standard of living at 40c an hour, unless he works
iwo days in one, which means he
lengthens his working day but reduces the period of life. The company is doing a splendid paying
business, Is overwhelmed with orders and Is In .a good position to
five the best working and living
conditions on the coast, and will
dp ao when the workers have
enough backbone to act.
■ ;Fox & Hunter's Camp at Stag
Bay, operated under the name of
tjie Campbell River Lumber Co.,
li on the blacklist owing to the
strike, particulars of which were
jflven last week.
j|      Breathes of Health Act
lln the L. W. I. U. page Is given
totalis of employers issuing the re-
.cent ultimatum re camp conditions.
Members are requested to Jqccp
Mis list for reference, It may be
needed many times during tho year.
-\yill members working in any of
the camps of these firms give ab-
ffijiutoly reliable Information os to
any breaches of the Health Act,
etc? Have several men sign the
{information, be absolutely accurate, and give authority for legal
action to be taken to enforce the
Mr.
Destroy Feds.
j Complaints ore still  coming  in
innccrning  the   members  not reviving the labor papers and other
ail being Kent them from hend-
.arters.    In   two  cases  evidence
been secured against the peris responsible') in each case bun-
of Feds were destroyed,  inactions have been given for warts  to  be Issued  for thcir ar-
rt.
iThe dally press has stated that
(jie shingle manufacturers and thc
wgjr^rs'   associations   nre   sending
Hgiresenttftives  to  protest  to   the
Islature  against uny attempted
furnished within a reasonable
time. (Time to be fixed by agreement.)
2, Also that all top bunks be
removed within a stated time.
(Time fixed by agreement.)
8. That all floors to be washed
once a week.
6, That camp committee and
delegato be recognized and the'
men hold meetings whenever they
wish to   do ao.
6. That the blacklist, against
men be remoedv from the company, Hicks and other employment
agencies,
7. That the three men discharged be reinstated and no discrimination be shown againat-any
man who wishes to return to
work.
The company agreed to comply
with clause No. 1 subject to the
men paying a dollar a week, or
whatever sum the olher campa
were charging.
Clauso No. 2. That as these
camps were there for a short period only, the company could not
agree as this would mean building1
more bunk houses.
Clause 3. We expect to put-in
ventilators as soon as we can get
It done.
Clause 4.  Agree to.
Clause 6, 6 and 7 wus answered
by the statement of (principles issued by the logging employers.
More Discrimination
Neiml & Vlcks Camp on the A.
C. R. In Sudbury district, Ontario,
are on strike. Tho delegate tf-os
fired. This being the third one to
be so dealt with. The men refused to stand for lt and came out
100 per cent. The men hlred^
hall for a strike meeting but two
hours before were told by the owner they could not have the hall
os, owing to the flu, meetings were
prohibited. But as the picture
shows and other places are running
this Is not the reason. The government employment agency at
Sudbury Is trying to hire men for
Klmberley, B. C, where a miners'
strike has been on for months.
At Alberni the strike still continues, the men standing solid and
the company doing its best to get
Scabs.
Chase strike is being maintained, +he only dcvlopmcnt being that
the provincial health inspector has
be m sent In to Investigate conditions existing In McLeod's Camp,
oi crated by Johnson & McKlnley,
whe-e, it was reported last week,
the logs being cut were lntendod
for the Chase mill.
Klmberley miners' strike is still
on, as is also that at the Premier
Mine, Stewart.
Strike at Port Alice
The Carpenters and Construction
Millwrights at the pulp mill, Port
Alice, ore on strike for 70c an
hour. Unfortunately It is only these
workers who at tho present time,
are attempting to Improve their
working conditions, the mill and
yard men are working a 10-hour
day, often' 12 to   16    hours,   all
.-^■■.■■■■n..-,)-,,    '
£|hour day law. This Is wasted
!brt, an the 8-hour day is already
accomplished fact in tho ma-
■J^rlty of the camps, particularly
B. C, and will be so In all camps
a mills of the lumber Industry
afid on construction work in the
early spring of this year. Of course
ufthe legislature wants to take to
ifaelf the honor of accomplishing
tffis, already too long delayed, Improvement, they can pass a law enacting it. but it is suggested that
tHey do not fix the date later than
ti>£ first of May, 1920, as the log-
gjWs are now so solidly organized
tlfat a non-union man is a rare, and
an undesirable animal. The mill
wjprkcrs ure coming along splendidly! considerable increases of membership and at .Millardville some
nfrkerg have received an advance
of fie nn hour; not much 'tis true,
bit nevertheless a step In the right
infection. The main nuestfon.'how-
Hgr, is the 8-hour day with a
minimum of $5 and this is within
rite immediate reach of all organized mill workers.
■t   Arthur   district   holds   its
(Continued on page 8)
SETTLED-I
E
N. Vancouver Fire Fighters Dismissed After
a Days'Strike
Have Had No Wage Increase for 2 Years-
Offered $5.00
After negotiating since last November for an increase of $16 per
month in wages, the captain and
eight men of No, 2 Firehall In
North Vancouver, informed the
city council that lf their demands
were not met by Friday they would
strike. The council offered an Increase of $6 per month which the
flre fighters turned down as inadequate to meet the ever Increasing
cost of living as it would only
bring the wagea up to $106 per
month and would be the flrst raise
In two years.
The flre fighters went on strike
Friday but left two men in the
flre hall and a .promise that all
men would stand by in case of
emergency.
The city council were firm In
their' attitude and on Monday appointed a new fire captain with Instructions to fill the places of thc
strikers and formally dismissed
the striking captain and his eight
men.
Effort Failed
A week or two ago, P. M. Draper, secretary of the Dominion
Trades Congress, having heard that
the miners in the Cobalt district
were intending to break away from
the International, induced Jimmie
Simpson, of Toronto, to attempt to
go Into this district and save the
situation. Jimmie, as a saviour
was a failure and so announced at
a meeting after his return in Toronto.
Harrisburg, Pa.—One of the results of Garylsm least foreseen by
the oppressors of Labor iu this
trust-ridden state, is the early establishment of a daily paper, to
be owned and controlled by organized Labor ln Pennsylvania. A
corporation has heen formed bearing the name of The Federation
Publicity Co., of which James H.
Maurer is head. The 2600 local
unions In the state are being canvassed for subscriptions and f
non-Interest bearing Labor certificates at $10 per share. Some
$400,000 Is to be raised In this
manner before thc project will be
launched. Already .- more than
one-half of this sum has been
raised In a short time.
DIXON NOT GUILTY
OF SEDITIOUS LIBEL
Manitoba M. L. A. Acquitted After Bitter Attack By
Prosecuting Counsel—Dixon Came Back With Hot
- Shot—Justice Gait Airs Views on "Conspiracy"
(Special to the Federationist)
AVinnipeg, Man.—Fred J. Dixon, charged with seditious libel
in articles published in the Strike Bulletin during the 1919 Winnipeg general strike, was acquitted by a jury here Monday morning.
Similar charges against J. 8. Woodsworth, charged with the
same crime because of articles also published in the Strike Bulletin during the strike, were then dropped by the crown.
Another charge of alleged contempt of court for utterances
made in a speech in the Industrial Bureau since his indictment
may come up at the spring assizes, opening March 16.
Cheers followed announcement of the Dixon verdict.
Dixon's acquittal was thc climax to a sensational trial in which
efforts were made to really flnd him guilty of seditious conspiracy with the seven strike spokesmen being tried in an adjoining
court as well as K. B. Busscll, already serving a two-year term
in the penitentiary for alleged seditious conspiracy.
Dixon pled his own case without the aid of lawyers while
Woodsworth planned to follow thc same tactics.
For two weeks the crown Introduced much evidence, hundreds of
documents and many witnesses
who gave evidence against the sev.
on being tried together in an adjoining court room being used to
prove Dixon's guilt.
Three of the ablest lawyers ln
the province of Manitoba appeared
continually in court whilo other
lawyers as well as Mounted Police
and various officials were busy outside building up the crown's case.
Dixon called no witnesses.
- Hugh Phillips, K.C., chief crown
prosecutor, made a bitter attach
on Dixon and on the men accused
of seditious conspiracy, ln addressing the Jury.
Dixon followed with a masterly
address, giving- an historical summary of the fight for freedom of
the press and of speech ln both
Canada and Great Britain. He
spolco all  Friday  afternoon,   all
A
Patronize Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
LONDON LABOR DAILY
HAS BIO CIRCULATION
Becomes Powerful Factor In La-
Bor Struggle), of the British
Isles
What labor can do when it makes
up its mind to have Its own press
has been brilliantly Illustrated by
the career of the London Dally
Herald. Started on March 31, 1919,
under George Lansbury, it now
has a circulation of about 325,000.
Not only is it solving Its own financial problems and maintaining
a high standard of all-around newspaper work, but It has actually
saved the unions thousands of dollars by bringing public opinion to
their support during great strikes.
Just before tho railroad strike
the Herald was losing $10,000 a
week, but since then has increased
its advertising and circulation
enough to reduce this deficit to
$7,000. No interest above half of
1 per cent, cnn be ipald to thc
shareholders of tho company, and
nny profits must be spent on behalf of the labor movement.
The Herald Is successfully carrying on a campaign for a fund oC
$2,000,000, In which thc great labor lenders are assisting. At thc
Inst spccinl trados union congress
a motion to buck the drive for
the pnpor wan passed with an enthusiasm which showed what a
factor it has already been ln the
battles of labor.
Ask your grocer If his clerks nre
In the union?
Mohammedan World Becomes Centre of Struggle Against British
Much Kuropen news la likely to
center around the Caucasus mountains for some time to come. The
great world drama of the armed
struggle against Soviet Russia has
reached that point. Odessa, the
great port on thc Black Sea, has
heen entered by the Soviet troops
and Dcneklne has only a few scattered bands left between that point
and the Caspian Sea.
The Caucasus becomes the centre
of Interest because south of thnt
barrier Is the Mohammedan world,
ruled for the most part by England and in a state of abnormal
unrest. Already Enver Pasha, former Turkish minister of war, has
an army ln northern Armenia fighting pro-British elements and endeavoring to turn the popular feeling against foreign rule Into a holy
wnr. Britain thus faces a strange
mixture of hostility—patriotic elements, Bolshevist elements, nnd
religious fanaticism, all of which
tho Soviot governdent of Bussia,
can well afford to stimulate. With
revolt against Englnnd from Tibet
to Egypt the Soviet government
might well be able 'to protect itself from Japan on the east and
the allies .through Poland, In the
west, First reports that England
would send an army to the Caucasus to prevent these two hostile
forces from getting together hnve
beon denied. Temporarily Englnnd
clnims to be relying on strengthening Georgia und the new Tartar
republic of Azerbaijan, which lie
across the road to her Moslem territory. But Georgia, with her
2,000,000 people, groims under a
junker landlord system nnd thc
Tartar republic Is a German creation. The two look like wc;ik supports for John Bull,
Berlin,—Declaring that he Is
through with parliamentarism, nnd
that tlie only hopo for Germnny
lies In the establishment of a soviet,
republic, Dr. Aberhaldcn, a university professor and representative of Uie Democratic Pnrty in thc
Prussian Lower House, has resigned his seat.
From 7,000 to 21,000
New subscribers are daily sending in their
subs. Renewals received with letters of congratulation on the general policy of the paper
are a daily recurrence. To increase the circulation from 7000 to 21,000 in less than two years, is
some accomplishment. There is still something,
however, that has not been accomplished, and
that is the covering of all the working class districts in the Province. There are many places
where The Federationist (foes not go. What are
you doing to help? Our advertisers are also
worthy of your support. What are you doing
along these lines? Those that do not use the
columns of The Federationist for advertising
purposes, are either antagonistic or indifferent.
Those that do are evidently seeking your support. Give them it, and show your appreciation
by so doing. This will help The Federationist,
and in helping it you help yourself.
Saturday  morning,  and #>r one
hour Saturday afternoon.
'The blood of the man who was
shot rises upon the head of the
writer of that article," Philips
said, in his address to the jury,
He referred to the- riot during
which one, man was killed and
several Injured following the reading of the riot act.
Dixon came back with the following declaration:
'Gentlemen, I want to draw your
attention to the fact that that article was written two days after
the man was shot   If that fair?"
Phillips made a short closing
address, Judge Gait then charging
the jury.
In an adjoining court the seven
accused of seditious conspiracy
were still listening to the evidence
being put In against them by the
crown. They have not yet started
to put on their defense. ,
"Thc mntter was one of thc most
infamous conspiracies that 1 havo
known in Canada," declared Gait,
In his nddress. "It was conceived
In Quebec by men whose names
you liavo heard, later hatched fn
Calgary, and consumated fn Winnipeg."
The strike was Illegal from the
very start," Judge Gait said In another part of his charge. "The
true slave driver Is the labor leader who cracked the whip and ordered these men on strike when
they had nothing of which to complain."
He referred to "this preacher
man Ivens who actually opened
meetings with prayer."
Dixon is well known throughout
Winnipeg and Western Canada.
He Is a member of the provincial legislature as well as a single
t&xer,
Woodsworth was for a number of
years assistant pastor of one of
the largest Winnipeg Methodist
churches.
Ho was also director of the Bureau of Social Research of the governments of the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
fur one year, and is well known
from coast to coaat as a lecturer
on social service,
Ho is a member of the International Longshoremen's Union, hav.
Ing worked on the docks at Vancouver for more than a year.
Lahor here Is elated over the
acquittal of Dixon and dismissal of
charges against Woodsworth.
Tt Is solidly backing the other
men on trinl.
Next Social Function will
Be to Raise Money
for Defense Fund
When are you going to have an.
other. This was the only question
asked at thc close of the O. B.
U. Women's Auxiliary of tho 0.
B. U. dance and whist drive last
Friday evening, which was held in
tbe Labor Temple. Everybody
went home happy aud contented
nfter having spent a most enjoy-
nblo evening. Jack Sheppurd acted as master of ceremonies and
thero was not a single hitch, in
the arrangements. The refreshments whieh were served by tho
Indies, provo that they know how
Lo enter for the needs of the inner man.
In answer to the question, when
nro you having another? the ladies replied tho next one will be
for the purpose of raising funds
for the 'defense of the men arrested as a result of the Winnipeg strike, and will be held in one
of the largest halls ln the city.
The result of the whist drive
was announced during a lull in
the dancing, or rather between
dances, Mrs. Charters being the
winner of the ladies' flrst prize,
and   H.  W.  Watts the  .pen's,
Thnt the firat social .affair staged by the women of the O. B. U,
movement was a success, both
financially and from the standpoint of those seeking an enjoyable evening, there can be no
doubt ,nnd if it was as successful,
financially as it was as an evening's entertainment,, then the ladies will be ablo to continue their
good work without any fear as to
iho financial end of their affairs.
The next regular meeting of the
Women's Auxiliary fit the O. B.
U. will be held In room 201, In.
the Labor Temple on February 37,
This meeting will see the beginning of a series of leotures on
economic;, and those desirous of
following this course, should bo
on hand at thli meeting. PAGE TWO
twelfth tear. No. »    THE BRITISH {COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
"UP STAIRS WE SAVE YOU MONET"
OUR GIGANTIC
February Clean-Up
SEE DAILY PAPERS FRIDAY
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Don't put off till it la too late.
Finest   kitchen   oi   table   salt.
Speeial 10 lbs. for 25c
Van Camp's Vegetable Soup, 3 for ISO
B. A K. Wheat Pearls only, sack 464
Bird's Custard Powder, 2 Ior  36c
Holbrook's Custard Powder, 3 for 36c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Finest  Sugar  Cured  Picnic  Ham,
reg. 33c lb.   Friday and Saturday, per lb.  . .2»Vio
This la your last chanoe to-buy
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BAG TEA
Special for Friday and
Saturday,
Slater'a Beat Tea,  reg.  COc lb.
Special 8 lba. for .	
 11.69
Tea is going up.
Finest Compound Ham, 2 lbi. for ..680
Fineat Pure Lard, 2 lbi. for ......76c
B. C. Fresh Egga, doaen ..............760
Fineat Beef Dripping, lb. _..........30l
Finest Extra Large Poars, lb     —.260
Finest Dried Peaches, lb, „„-........85o
Fineat Cooking Flga, lb. .... .—SM
BUTTER—BTTTTEB
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Onr Finest Fresh Churned Creamery Butter.  Only 8 lbi.
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Finest Whito Rye Flour, reg. $3.45,
49-lb. eack.   Saturday only, 49*
lb. sack  12.46
FRESH  MEAT   DEPARTMENT
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Finest   government   Inspected   Pork
shoulders, weighing 4 to 0 lbi., reg.
f So lb. Friday and Saturday, lb. Slftt
Finest Split Peas, 2 lhi. for  26l
Finest Small White Beau, 2 lbs...20S
Apple Strawberry Jam, only, tin ..900
Finest Nabob Marmalade, tin  0So
Washing Soda only, pkge. ,...„.....l6fl
Finest Oven Rnasts from lb. ..17c
Finest Pot Roasts, per lb 18c
Finest Rolled Roasts, per lb. ..28c
Finest Oxford Sausage, lb. ......36c
Finest Beef Sausago, lb 260
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Finest   Streaky   Bacon,   half   or
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602 Hastings St. W., Cor. Seymour
Phono Ser. 3S81
Office open Tuesday and Friday
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.
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The Best Shoes
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That's not a new statement of policy. Men who havo
been regular and consistent customers of this shoe store
for years have bcen actuated by the feeling that we give
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We oarry lasts and sizes that are extremely difficult to get in many instances at
other stores.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 Hastings St. East
"GOODWIN'S  GOOD  SHOES"
Metalliferous Mines Have
Been on Strike.for
Nearly a Year
Men Are Well Supplied
With Food and AU
Necessities
(By W. Francis Aliearn)
Metalliferous miners employed at
the solver mines of Broken Hill,
Australia, hav* been on strike
since March, 1919, for higher
wages and better condition! of
work. They are claiming a minimum wage of $5 per day of six
hoursliank to bank, with Ave days
per woek—30 hours per week ln
all, abolition of night work and
contract system of payment, compensation for accidents and sick'
ness incurred through working In
the mines, and full pay when oft
sick with occupational diseases,
Several conferences have been
held between the mine owners and
the representatives of the men on
strike, but no results have been
achieved. The mlno owners have
huge stocks of metals on hand,
owing to the quick ending of the
war and can afford to hold off till
the men are starved into submission.
But lt seems that the starving-
out proposition is a tougher problem tha nthe mine-owners antlci
pated. At all events the miners are
still holding out. and from all accounts will be able to hold out
till the end. It stands to the credit
of Australian workers, that during
the length of the strike—about the
longest In Australia of recent
years—enough money has been
found tb keep the Broken Hill men
from starving, while it stands to
the credit of the Broken Hill men
that not one man haa "scabbed"
since they struck: work last
March.
Just here the Broken Hill Btrike
affords a tupical example bf how
a lengthy strike Is conducted In
Australia. Maybe the information
will be good use to some of our
lighting comrades on the Ameriean
continent. Those responsible 4or
the distribution of the money see
that it is well laid out, and because
of this the cost of living Is reduced
a minimum. All stock's are
bought In the wholesale market at
the capital city nearest to the
mines, and willing unionists see
that railway trains are loaded with
foodstuffs, vegetables, and other
necessities and sent off to the strike
headquarters. When lt arrives
there the strike committee takes it
In hand and sees to the dlstribu.
tlon. Nothing is wasted. Subcommittees watch tho distribution
of the foods under various head
1ngs, while other committees pay
attention to the needs of the people In other ways, such as cobbling
their boots, buying clothing,
ting milk for babies, medical attention for the sick, and so on.
The whole system Is run by
coupons, and cosh is never paid to
the men on strike. Booze Is not
allowed—the committees figure it
out that wives and children are the
erst consideration, whilst the man
himself wants food—not alcohol,
Other schemes are provided, such
as games, etc., for helping him
spend his spare time.
Married men with four children
or over receive a coupon worth
J4.50; a man with three children,
$3.75; a man with two children,
$8.00. Where there Is only one
ohild, $2,75 is paid; and In the case
of married men with no children,
$2.25 Is paid. Single men get
$1.76. When It is remembered'that
over 4000 families have to be provided for every week, it will be
seen that a fair amount of cash Is
got rid of, though the weekly payments look small. In the earlier
stages of the flght money was
scarce and the meat allowance was
cut out. Members also had great
difficulty with footwear, which
began to wear out. But this latter
difficulty was overcome by the committee purchasing leather, and appealing for voluntary labor amongst
the men on strike to cobble the
boots and shoes of the men, their
wives and children. The help was
forthcoming and this aspect of the
strike Is got over. An average of
150 pairs of boots and shoes are repaired weekly free of charge to
bona fide strikers, and the work is
first class,
The coupons are Issued by the
strike committee and aro only redeemable by the person concerned
at the strike store. All clerical and
distributing work Is performed by
willing hands free of charge, and
all they receive is the coupon they
are entitled to, in common with
others. The work is distributed as
much as possible, so as to get as
many working one timo or the
other as possible. Tho union newspaper Is run on the same lines.
Members write the articles of reports for the press, but they receive their coupon Just the same
as the others. The only mon who
are paid are the typos., who are
not out on strike.
As the cash comes In, so It varies
with the coupons—that Is to say, if
a large amount comes in one week
enough Is side-tracked to meet
future periods and lf anything over
the ordinary amount remains, the
people are given some little extra allowance for their coupons.
Now, for Instance, at Christmas
time, we had a kind of self-denial
scheme amongst the Australian
workers.
The reuelt was that money poured into the strike relief funds,
and over 6000 kiddles were made
happy on Christmas morn. It Is
one of the kindliest of sentiments
that Father Christmas did not fall
to arrive at that mining town on
schedule—even though they had
beon on strike for nine months and
hadn't seen money for quite a long
time.
Women's committees spend their
time daily making clothes for children, or attending at the schools
for the children—which they thoroughly enjoy. Single men mess ln
a camp, over which a  committee
Industry and Humanity    MEN STAND PAT
(By Goo. P. Stirling)--- '
No Liberal who reads th«r1ltf»ve
book by W. L. Mackenzie" King,
tho Liberal leader, will an« therein anything upon which to base
an accusation of heresy, Neither
will he flnd if he baa patieifdl to
wado through the 667 pages, feny
Important ideas bearing upon social science which have not been
uttered and reiterated timo 'and
again during tho last few yefiji-
To expect the leader of a "political party, or tho Pope of Bome,
of the Archbishop of Canterbury,
or the King, or the governor general, to say anything or write anything, giving expression to new
Ideas or*advanced thought, Is to
court disappointment. These men
reflect set opinions, and any individuality they may at one time
have held 18 suppressed In the interests of the party or offlce they
represent.
Mr. King's book will be read,
however, by students of social affairs ln order that thoy may know
the length and depth ot his future
policy lf ever the ahould become
premier of this country.
Outsido of theso. one Is tempted
to predict that the only other persona who will read th* book will
bo dyed-in-the-wool Liberals who
reverence every utterance of their
great leader and who will plough
patiently through thia volumnlous
work, as devoted Christians sometimes plough through the arid
records of tho booka and chronicles
ln Holy Writ.
Of lato years there has been fre-
duent reference mado in tho press
to.the comtnuunlty or the publlo, ao
I'oing separate from Labor t and
capital and having some rights
which must be respected by thoso
contending forces. Mr. King has
seized upon this Idea, and his
hock may be said to be a strong
effort to raise this community
party to the dignity of a placo, as
being a factor In Industry.
On page 130 he says, "Tho parties to industry, then, are.four In
number: labor, capital, management and tho community. .Out of
the wealth produced comes tho reward of each of the several contributing factors. Wages, is tho
term applied to tho reward labor
receives; interest denotes the reward capital receives; rent, the reward paid its owners for the services rendered by land and salary
the reward of management. Tho
community receives its reward in
Increase of quantity or improvement of qualjty of services nnd
commodities available ln exchange
for purchasing power."        ■_,,.}
Trom any such division.^, the
foregoing the writer would, tape}
emphatically dissent. TT'
Thero aro two factors to Industry, but there Is only on*'party.
The one party to Industry'is' the
industrious party, or the ' party
which works with brain and brawn.
The two factors to Industry are labor and the natural resource's.''
To say, as Mr. King does "(page
180) that "capital Ib tho result of
previous effort" Is to adnHPWhat
commonly acknowledged- 'by
economists that capital Is the product of labor. Therefore capital Is
not a separate factor In Industry
but a product of Industry, which
Ib constantly being renewed by the
efforts of labor. To say therefore
that labor Is entitled to wages,' ahd
tho product of labor entitled to
wages, Is absurd, and ts only recognized under our present form of
society because capital, tho product
of labor ts not ln the hands of Its
producers but Is ln the hands of a
separate party which produces nothing, but which uses capital for
tho purpose of exploiting labor,
Thoso who are curious to know
how It comes about that capital
Is not in the hands of its producers
would do well to rend Myers' "His
tory of Canadian Wealth."
But for the sake of argument let
us assume that the capitalist class,
produced the capital, and that the
capitalist as well as the laborer I:
necessary to Industry, by what argument can lt be shown that the
one has tho right to exploit tho
other for "proflt"? It two men are
necessary to dig a well, one man
to do the digging and one to do
tho hoisting, what right has the
digger to mako a proflt out of the
holster, or tho holster out of ths
digger?
Capital, Jn the narrow sense, of
wealth saved from previous lobor
to be used for further production
Is necessnry to Industry, but capital
privately owned, and used as t
means of exploltatlor/of the industrious is not only unnecessary but
Is the bane of our social order.
Mr. King's third division Ib man
agoment. But this again la not a
separate factor In Industry but Is
a part of labor and as such Is entitled to wages for tho energies directed towards production.
When wo come to Mr. King's
fourth division, tho community, It
almost earns a smile. Who Is the
community, apart from thoso engaged as wage workers, and thoir
dependents, and capitalists and
their dependents? The only other
persons nre the aged and Infirm,
and lunatics dependent upon thr
state. When the miners aro on
striko and the supply of popl is
shut off, the press clamors ation
operates—tho work being .apportioned out ln relays. Among'the
young men the motto Is "No 'work,
food." Breakfast consists of
porridge and milk, bread,' Jam and
tea; dinner gives soup, bread, Jam;
and for tea there ts stew or Jointed
mutton, potatoes, vegetables, bread,
Jam, and tea. There Is no restriction with any of the Items with
the exception of meat, and ths
average cost of each meal la-seven
cents. .  !3j<*
It is the spirit of co-operation
with which the situation " Is
handled, that the whole business is
a great success. All are fed at
bare cost—averaging b'ut a few
cents per meal. In addition recreation is provided by good open-
air healthy games, with cinema and
lectures on economical and other
subjects of an evening. Everything goes with a swing, and
though the people on strike at
Brokon Hill haven't got all they
want, they are winning their strike,
and are determined to stick lt
through til) the end.
The above few particulars as to
how a strike Is run in Australia
will make Interesting reading for
our fellow comrades on the American continent, who, too, are orten
hard put to it when strikes come
around,
'the rights of the community. But
tho community, are either mombers of tho working class who mn
be on strike themselves tomorrow,
or they are membors of tho capitalist class; Thero Is. no community apart from theso classes,
and all such attempts to divido Industry are mero subterfuges to be
used, ln the event of Joint control
councils being Inaugurated, to hold
a three-to-one vote against labor.
Vigilance on the part of Labor,
however, will frustrate any such
hope.
On pago 195 Mr. King says
"Rightly conceived, law and order
in industry Is the equivalent of
falrplay in sport. For in gaines
there are rules and regulations
. . .so lt should be ln industry." But in sport, the rules of the
game aro agreed upon by all concerned for the benefit of all tho
players. In Industry, however, the
principle rulos of the gamo are
made by ons party in tho interest
of that party ulone. And should
any secondary rulos bo forced from
that party by public opinion In the
Interests of labor, It then becomes
thc capitalists' game to beat the
rules.
The right of collective bargain
ing and tho right to strike are some
of tho rules whloh have been
grudgingly given by capital. Consequently the country is periodically In tho throes of disorders owing to the captains in industry refusing to abide by the rules and
leading players In the game on
tho tide of capital who havo bcen
notorious offenders against the
rules are decorated with honors,
and loading players In tho game
on the side of labor, whilst Insisting upon tho rules, are penalized
and suspended by the umpires for
two years, to encourage the others.
To talk, therefore, as Mr. King
doos, of "playing the game," "abufc.
ishlng foar and substituting faith,"
having confidence ln each other,"
"dfvoloping a new spirit," and all
such like admonitions, shows either
nn .-t-.olute Inability or dlslnclln-
atior t.( face the fi)-».
Tho fact is, the system Is competitive. Competition means strife,
strife means hatred, and hatred
means war, and Mr. King might
Just as well advocate Joint control
councils between chickens and
grasshoppers. Mr. King's error Is
lho fundamental error underlying
tho league of nations. It is possible
to get co-operation in a gang of
bandits, but the idea of Joint councils composed of delegates from
different gangs of bandits who live
by plundering oach other, Is,
suitable subject for a musical comedy.
Tho same thing applies to Industry as now orgunicd, and the
only way capital and labor can' get
together Is in tho denth struggle,
Hero and there throughout Mr,
King's book thero are flashes
which might be mistaken for liberal horesy, if It were not for tho
fact thnt they are offset b^ do-
lugeB of words depreciating fundamental changes In society.
Ho says, for Instance, (p. 348):
"When private ownership in land
and capital' becomes anti-social,
the community may be expected
to see to the organization of society on some other basis."
Again, (p. 860): "Certainly any
doctrine of unrestricted and unregulated competition can no longer be defended."
Again, (p. 379): "Industry based
on tho present competitive profit-
making systom creates and sustains Witter strife between divergent classes In society,"
Again, (p. 380): "Tho basis of
society must be altered fundamentally if wo-aro to have true national and International peace."
But wo look ln vain ior any suggestion of radical changes from
tho present "competitive profit-
making system," which he seems
to deplore.
On the whole, however, it is a
good thing Mr. Kins has written
this book, and *lt would be a good
thins If a number of other "lead
Ing lights" instead of beating the
air on the subject of profiteering,
would say something tangible, that
we couid examine and pronounce
upon, that is, if they have anything to say. If Mr. King has not
boldly suggested the remedy, he
at least has honestly diagnosed
the disease, and no doubt may be
the means of stimulating, some of
his -devoted followers to consider
tho Iniquity of privato ownership.
I
GET R
Monarchy Tottering in the
Face of Increasing
Discontent
(By th* Federated Press)
Brussels.—Following the reports
here of bloody clashes ln Sofia,
statement has been received from
Premier Stamboullskl (Peasants'
party) denying that revolution has
boen declared in Bulgaria, but admitting that th* situation was very
precarious du* to tho strlk* of the
railroad workers.
From present Indications lt Is
evident that th* monarchy cannot
last. Th* last election, ln spite of
the suppression of tho voters, roturned one-fifth of tho poll to tho
Communist party, heretofore very
weak. Th* Reformist Socialists
have beon discredited ln two successive combats.
Since Stambouliskl's coming Into
power there has'been a big reaction against him, and many of
the peasant* hav* left their party
and turned to tha Communist
party.
Paris—Th* government, thinking to honor the cltysf Perlguour.
sent It a number of cannons to be
placed In th* public squares and
parks. By a unanimous vote, tho
citizens of the city, which has a
Socialist government, refused these
reminders of tho war. This example has stirred up great admiration among the pacifists of France,
who suggest that the best thing to
do to mak* this ln reality "the
last war" Is to melt up the cannons
and give the money to th* war
widows and orphans.
Prince   Rupert   Central
Council Aids the
Strikers
Th* last meeting of the Prince
Rupert Central Labor Council opened at 8:05 p.m., Feb. 10th, Dol.
Rudderham presiding.
Various correspondence Was
dealt with, some being laid over to
new business, and bills were ordered paid.
The Young Peoplo's Club reported reorganization under tho name
of the Juniors Club. They requested permission to use the-4ieadquar
tors as a gymnasium when not
otherwise required. Permission
wss granted, subjeot to approval
of the landlord.
Tho Women's Auxiliary roported
having secured 138.56 for the Premier mine strlk* fund, as th* result of their efforts at the last social and dance, Difficulty was referred to in organizing tho Laundry
Workera on account of the frequent ohanges, many of them leaving the occupation after a month,
Th* Fisheries Unit reportod, per
Del. Booth, that th* constitution
had boen finally approved, and asked for authorization to have lt
printed. Same granted. Del. Rudderham presonted his expense account for tho trip to Winnipeg to
attend th* O. B. II. oonvention,
showing a refund coming to th*
council of 127.10.   Report adopted.
The Premier Mine Strike
Th* communications from th*
Premier inino strike committeo
wero taken up. Thoy reported
striko conditions satisfactory, with
no signs of weakening on tho part
of tho men. The crew of tho
Princo John, on th* last trip, had
refused to handle freight for tha
mine for some hours, but on receipt of a lotter from the assistant
secretary of tho C. L. C, the strikers had advised" them that It
would be better to lot lt go
through In order that they might
not bo liable to punishment for
thoir loyalty. Tho portion of the
crew who were not on tho Bhip's
articles, refused ;to handle the
freight, and the firemen, who'were
O. B. U., refused to make stoam
for th* winches until tho matter
had been decided. They were getting aftor the organization of a
carpenters' unit of tho O. B. U.
for Stewart, and expected a 100
per cent organization.
New* had been received- that
Noble, of the Big Missouri mine,
had started a movement to get ln
40 men for that mine, and tho
strikers were suspicious of the Intentions. They forwarded credon.
Hals introducing Bro. Nlcholl, one
of tho two members who had advanced nearly (500 for tho strlks
fund at tho commencement.
Bro. Nlcholl, nt the request of
the chair, addressed the counoll.
Previous reports submitted wer*
confirmed. The strikers had secured comfortablo quarters to livo
ln. They wanted suggestions as
to how thoy could Btop supplies
going from the wharf to tho mln*.
Thero. was ho Longshoremen's organization in Stewart. If feed for
the horses was not available, tho
company would have to quit, as
nono was for sale in Stewart. Ho
had boen approached by Pat Daly,
one of the officials of tho original
owners of the mine, to settle tho
strike, but had referred him to
the men in Stewart, which did
not meet with tlio gentleman's approval. Also, that Pitt, tho manager, hnd approached the tele-
graph operator at Stewart in ar.
endeavor to Induce him to hold up
telegrams filed by the strike com-
committee, and let his own go
through, but the operator had refused.
Tho assistant secretary read a
letter from the Vancouver I L A
in answor to a wire he had sent
asking them to assist by not handling machinery for the mine. Tho
answer was to tho effect that as
the consignments were only small
ones, and as thoy were dickering
with the employers, for wages and
conditions, they regretted their inability to assist at the presont
time.
Discussion took placo on the roport, The question of the freight
was considered, and it was brought
out that Uttle could be dono In addition to what they wero doing,
as tho boats carried extra men to
work the freight on the wharves in
the small places, and lf an organisation was there tho company
would still have those men available.
On motion the report was accepted and the promise of all possible assistance renewed.
Tlio B. c. F. of L. Convention
Consideration of tho call for the
above convention was thon taken
up. After discussion a motion to
receive the call and elect two delegatea was moved, and an amend-
ment that the election bo laid over
until the next meeting. The reason
given for the amendment was that
absent delegates should be given
nn opportunity to vote, some of
them being unavoidably absent. In
opposition to this lt was contended that lt was the duty of delegates
to attend the meetings, find if they
were unavoidably absent, there
might be other delegates then prosent who might be unavoidably absent at tho next meoting and they
would bo deprived of thoir vote
if the amendment carried. The
amendment waB defeated by a vote
of 11 for and 19 against,' Tho motion then carried unanimously.
The chair thon called for nominations, and the result, with the
votes, was as follows: Cameron, 19,
Booth, 8; Casey, 11; Rudderham,
9. The chair declared Delegates
Cameron Olfo Casey [bo delegates
to,the oonvention, with Rudderham and Booth alternate*.
Th* Fishpackors, per Delegate
Rank, handed ovor to th* oounoil
a 110.00 share |n th* nuWIshing
house of Chas. II. Kerr & Co,, Chicago. The certificate would have
to be sent to the company for the
necessary alteration. Samo was accepted with thanks, Delegate Rank
to se* to getting the required alterations,
The use of the hall was granted
to th* Metal Trades Unit oa Saturday, February 21, for a smoking
concert,
The pending wage demands at
"OUB GARMENTS MAKE US FAMOUS"
Season's New
Offerings
All the latest springtime garments in
the best lines of 1920 style.
See our extensive stock of ladies' high-
class suits, dresses, coats and skirts, direct from master designers.
FROM MAKER TO WEARER
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Neit Oranvill*
the plant of the Canadian Flsh A
Cold Storage Co., wore discussed,
and details left te th* management of the Flehpaokers. Delegato
Mores was thanked for th* gift of
a painting for th* hall, and the
meeting adjourned at 11 p.m.
Because they refused to work on
a Job at which other printers were
on striko, the Seattle Bookbinders
Union has had Its charter lifted by
the International president.
Patronize Federatlonltt  advertisers.
Wh*r» It your union button?
Efficiency!
THIB Ii tbi Ast et organlutlon
—system—efficiency. Portion-
Hrly ii this ao in the caio of Ab
things mechanical. Old tools—old
methods—old Ideal are boing discarded for thoso vrhoch an mor*
serviceable—moro efficient. And
dentistry Is a profession which haa
its foundations in craftsman ship-
In tho mechanical. And what «•
tho tenth themselves but parts of
ft highly important moohanlsml
The now Removable Bridge is as
emphatic stride forward—a distinct mechanical triumph I Through
the medium Of perfected methods,
revised ideas and speolal mechanisms it evolves—a perfect denture
giving the highost mechanical efficiency—perfectly grinding the food
whore perhaps a dosen of the natural toeth aro missing,
I am naturally enthusiastic abont
this bridge. I can prove lta oB-
cloncy beyond question.
Dr. Lowe
Hn« Dtntlstry
HASTINOS   AND   ABBOTT
Oppoilte Woodwtrd't
Pboit Sty. Bitt
UniohTailor Stores
Abrtat 614 HmHujs W.
B. O. Tailoring Oo., 128 Hut-
ingi E.
F. W. Button, 6«3 Ooorjlt
Street West.
W. & Bilbop, lit Huting! St.
1. Crauty. 761 OrtnriUt Si
3. E, Daoust, 2236 Granvillo St.
I. P. OtlTin, 633 Htutlngj St.
Wott.
1. Om   .15 Oranvillo St.
Hartlo Int., 610 Hutlnil St.
W.
Kill * Furneaux, 420 Seymou
Ltngtry * Co., 322 BtRlngt W.
MscMutll t Mlttltal, 710 Bob-
ton St
S. McPhorcon, 621 Btttlngt W.
Ihu. O. Iforgts, 617 Orunlllt
St.
Piny * Do*, labor Ttmplt,
Dunsmuir St.
Porrin, 2146 Main St.
F. M. Slowln, 207 Haatingt W.
Storry * Co., 660 Orimrllli St.
Tom, nt Tailor, 314 Haitian
St. W.
Tom, Tht TlUor, Sit Onnvllll
St.
WlUltto* * Xinnily, 417 Ponder St.
Su Sttwirt, 400 Hock, Homor
St
Boh * Bowior, 2202 Mais St.—
Clothing itorn, rttdy ratdt,
whtrt union tallon trt employed
tal otgnod tgreemont witb th*
Talon Union:
'Olubb A Stewart, Htsttngi St.
Oltmtni, Ltd., 163 Btttlngt Sk
W.
Foiter, }. tl., ltd., 346 Baitings St W.
Foiter, J. w., Ltd.,460 Oran-
Mlt St.
Tbomtl  k McBitu, 666 Ortn-
Till!  St.
Wm. Diok, Ltd., S3 Btttlngt
St. E.
Boblnion'a Upittln Olothes
Shop, 441 Httt!ngi W.   •'
Jonah Prat Oo., 401 Huting!
Victor   Olothej Shop, 112 Baitings St. W.
Fashion Craft, 514 Granvillo St.
NOTICE
Ex-Alderman Kirk hu
no conneotlon whatsoever
with this Company direet-
ly or indirectly, nor hM
he ever had any.
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 14tt anl MS
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
tt Button StnM WM
bb mrni YOV OBV
VAN BROS.
WH.JT TOV ASS FOB
— CIDER-
anA Kon-aleohoUc wine* of an
UNION   MEN'8   ATTBNTION
Labor Power Regenerated
—at tho—    •
MODEL CATE
Meals of the Best—Prion
Bight
P. Gibb
57 Cordova St W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
CLELAND - DIBBLE   ENGRAVING  OOMPANT
Limited
PHOTO  ENOBAVEBI
COMMEEOIAI ABTISTS
Phont Stymour 718*
Thirl  Floor,  World  Bulldlnf,  Tin-
couver, B. O.
A REAL TREAT AWAITING TOU
Mill
"t,'tsirti.uCTS vKSr. mu, ca
n.-C0Nsrii«cr .o»iN5TMtxrco"h».jfiW
(ml il Mr»ifht from lhi ihuMif. II mat* •* KTRO.
Uult .«! it) Wkn •! llu JESUIT) ut da Maat
I** tl ENGLAND u* AMERICA.       ,
.   ItlkMltbKUflullrtMtfcMMrTAtarKMWMfc
•fviuitnu tee MttitciMt-NOT i oi nont-
oriH rmtisHws co, in mmiim, oamca J
nm »i 001* lot, tl iiati* met)
EXERCISE AND  KEEP WELL
A few minutes a day with a
pair of Dumb Bells,- Indian
Clubs, or. a Striking Bag will
keep you well. It Is to your
advantage to keep physically
fit. We have a full stock of
health-giving equipment.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
The Complete Sporting
GooUe Store
61S   HASTINGS   ST. WEST
Phono Sey. 159
mm •OUt FAOB IS PAID FOB BT THE
LUMBER WOBKEBS OF
THE 0. B. U.
THE BRITISH-COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
 '  _- ■       t_ i    , is,	
EIGHT PAGES VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 20, 1920. ~
HUB PAOB If DBTOTBD TO aa—*tA-_
zsts or nn man man
WIT OF TB» 0. I. V.
TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 8
$2.00 PER YEAR
a*B
News of the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
.50,000 in 1920;
CAMP REPORTS
OCEAN FALLS
Benson's Camp
This camp is situated 26 miles
from Bella Coola, 65 miles from
Ocean Falls and south of Bentlnck
Arm. The conditions in camp are
good. Plenty of food and a good
cook. Single beds with springs.
Bath house and dry room under
construction. This will be a good
camp when things are finished.
OCEAN FALLS
Grub poor, quarters fairly good;
12.00 per week some SOc, and fur.
nisli your own blankets; 10 hour
day, and straight time for overtime. Lots of home guards and
■tools. Company have their own
bulls besides Provincial and sometimes Mountles,
PORT ALICE
Camp 1
This camp is 100 per cent or-
ganlsed, foreman is union man. No
top bunks.  There Is a bath room.
ONTARIO, ROS8P0RT
Jackson's Camp
This Is a pulp wood camp situated about four miles from track.
Bunkhouse 24x20, 21 men, all union. Board fair. Meeting held last
week and succeeded in getting
wages set at 176 per month straight
Instead of different ratea for different work. We also put ln a
kick about the grub, so now we
have good meat and sugar also
coffee instead of moose meat,
brown sugar and bum coffee. This
Is a fairly good camp to work in.
It Is an eight-hour day from oamp
to camp. There are about ten
piece makers here.
DELEGATE   1410.
ONTARIO,  SUDBURY  DISTRICT
O. Johnson's  Camp,  Mileage «i,
C. N. R.
A strike was called In order to
compel the boss to take back the
two union men who were discharged for no apparent reason what*
Industrial   Union,   against   which
dry room. Rouses lighted by eleo-
trldty. Good cook and everything
clean. Blankets and sheets are to
bt put In as soon as laundry I*
erected. This Is no place (or any
ono who does not carry a card.
DELEGATE 141.
CAMPBELL  RIVER
I. T., Oamp 4
Tin New Industrial Democracy
The manager recently called the
cr»w together and gave us a lecture upon the principles of Industrial democracy which were to be
put Into operation In the camp. He
Impressed upon us with much repetition his belief ln industrial democracy and opposition to autocracy, whether by labor or capital.
Hereafter In these camps, so
says the boss, neither he nor the
superintendent will listen to demands or suggestions by the men
which are thought, or stated, to
have originated from the workers'
0. B. U. On this democratic principle thc Employers' O. B. II. have
come to a definite and final decision and will enforce tt In all
thtlr camps, which, as previously
atated, will be run henceforth In
strict accordance with the fundamental principles of modern capitalistic Industrial democracy. If
the workers don't like thete absolutely fair terms which the employers have decided upon without considering It necessary to consult their employees, then the
camps will be closed and the Industry operated by capital alone without the use of labor; by which
tt is deemed that those workers
who began to feel they were entitled to decent working and living conditions will be taught a very
necessary lesson. He alto Impressed upon us that ho had always considered himself to be honest and square with his men, and
is evidence of his Intention to continue so would put all his card* on
the table, face up.
Most of the boys have had previous experience of stacked cards
handed out by experts who proflt
by manipulation, and not th* least
valuable of whose assets la the
ability to keep a straight face when
handing out a good line of bull.
The firm had also decided to introduce the piece work system as
being the best mean* of getting the
desired results. They had not considered It necessary to consult the
workers on the matter as lt was
felt that on auch a question as
this the employers wer* ln the
best position to decide what was
best. The new system would start
the next morning. In future when
any question arlBes which the employers do not wish to settle themselves, or when the workers will be
asked to make tome concsslons, a
get-together meeting will be hold,
which will be conclusive proof ot
tho Identity of Interest of capital
and labor. The company would
also prefer that the Individual employees would take up any real or
fancied grievances with the foreman or management, as difficulties
of this nature can be more easily
adjusted than when a committee
representing ail the men takes up
the question. After the boss was
through the men held another
meeting and decided that they
would continue to conduct their
affairs In thc future as thoy had
done ln the past, as only by so doing would their Interests be protected. DEL. 43.
CAMPBELL RIVER
Sain Osher and Oscar Anderson
are at presont ln the Campbell
River hospital. When Delegnte
Perry visited Fellow Workers Kos-
mer and Anderson in the Campbell
River hospital he found both wards
filled with Injured loggers. Ar
rangements are being made to
tend Feds, to the hospital every
week, Consequently, any member
going Into the hospital should enquire for the Feds., aa by this
means he will be kept acquainted
with the affairs of the organisation.
RAZOR ISLAND
Orford Bay Timber Co.. Oamp 2
Four bunkhouses, 18x24, containing eight single bunks, well
ventilated. Cook and flunkey's
house Is too small, Juat big enough
for two men. Drainage from
kitchen is poor, should be lengthened. Crockery ware, dishes and
platod knives, forks and spoons.
Good bath house and dry room.
Grub can't be beat. Camp 100 per
cont. union. Lots of room for Improvements at Beach camp. Dining room and kltchon are too
imall. Cook sleeps in same room
an he cooks ln; too small for
kitchen. Drainage from kitohen Is
unsanitary. One bunkhouse 18x24,
■Ix single, bunka, One bunkhouse
unoccupied that men can wait In
when coming oil boat.
the boss is actively opposed. The
members ln thiB camp Immediately came to Sudbury, and Informed the local secretary of the above
facts. Bulletins were Immediately
run off and freely distributed ln
Sudbury, and also North Bay, the
latter place being where O. Johnson decided that he would get
men to break the strike. Much
can bo said about the fellow
workerB In this case, and the manner ln which they so ably handled the situation. All trains of
the C. N. R. were systematically
picketed with the result not a
man went out'to the camp.
On Sunday, Feb. 8, the strike
committee held a meeting ln Sudbury,'the following being a report
of the resolutions of sold meeting.
Henry Johnson in the chair, and
Fellow Worker Uno Jarvl recording secretary.
1. "Resolved that we refuse to
go to work until the boss agrees
to our demands of an 8-hour day
camp to. camp."   Carried.
2. "Resolved, that we refuse to
go bock to work until the two fellow workers, members of this
union,  be  reinstated."    Carried.
(Signed) Strike Committee.
"THE OPEN SHOP"
Clause 2 of the Employers statement of principle is as follows:
"The open shop principle Is
adopted and will be maintained.
This means that no discrimination
will be shown, either by employer
or employee, against any man who
is law-abiding and who Is .capable
and willing to All his Job."
Mr. Dooley, however, Interprets
the open shop differently:
'"Whut Is all this talk that's In
th' paper about th' 'open shop?'
asked Mr, Hennessy.
"Why, don't ye know?" said Mr.
Dooley. "Really I'm surprised at
yer Ignorance, Hlnnlssey. Whut Is
th' 'open, shop?' Sure, 'tis th'
shop where they kape th' door
open to accommodate th' constant
stream av mln comin' ln t' take
Jobs cheaper than th' mln whut has
th' Jobs.   'Tls like this, Hlnnlssey
-Buppose wan av these freeborn
American citizens Ib workln' ln an
open shop f'r th' princely wages
of wan large iron dollar av tin
hours. Along comes anlther son-
av-a-gun an' he sez t' th' boss, "01
think 01 could handle th' job f'r
ninety clnts.' 'Sure,' sez th' boss,
an' th' wan dollar man gets th'
merry, jlnglin' oan, an' goes out
Into th' crool woruld t' exercise hlz
Inalienable rolghts aa a freeborn
American citizen an' scab on some
other iioor dlvil. An' whoo gits
th' benefit? Thrue, It saves th'
boss money, but he don't care no
more f'r money thin he does f'r
his right eye.
"It's all principle wld him. He
hates t* see men robbed av their
indlplndence. They must kape
their indlplndence. They must
have their indlplndence regardless
av anything else."
"But," said Mr. Hennessey,
"these open shop mln ye menBhun
say they are f'r th' unions iv properly conducted?"
"Sure," said Mr. Dooley, "Iv
properly conducted. An' there we
are. And how would they have
thim conducted? No strikes, no
rules, no conthracta, no scales,
hardly Iny wages an' damn few
mlmbers."
ONTARIO, FORT FRANCIS
Sliclvln ft Clark Camp
Reports coming from this district are to the effect that not only
are the men being exploited
through working long hours at ridiculously low pay, under rotten
camp condltlona which arey are
dissatisfied with, but that further
exploitation is carried on through
the medium of the hospital charges
the men paying 75 cents a month
and receiving worse than nothing.
We understand that a qualified medical man is supposed to visit the
camps at rogular Intervals and
when needed for th* purpose of
looking after the men's health. Recently a notice was sent to the
doctor that two men wero sick ln
Camp 1, he came, but was in such
a condition as to be Incapable of
attending the men, consequently,
the men received no medical assistance. He filled himself up with
several bottles ot pain killer, then
started on sweet nitre and cholic
cure until tho boss refused to give
him any more. He then packed
up and left about noon with the
Intention of making Camp 2 whioh
Is three miles distant. He never
reached lt, lost his way and slept
out all night and arrived back at
camp at 6 o'clock next morning,
minus his satchel. No drugs or
medical supplies ln camp and the
men are not getting thc attention
for which they are entitled and
paying for. They Insist that when
medical attention Is needed they
shall get it from some qualified
person who iB able to control themselves and look after tho men
in the best possible manner,
LUMBER WORKERS
INDUSTRIAL UNION
Mall Uncalled for February 20Ui
Anderson, Ivan G.
Brown, G, W„ Black, James,
Burges, Wm„ Bell, Tim, Bucklow,
George, Brown, W. S„ Bennett, W.
Cuonunlc, Joo.
Carlson, Gustaf A., Cnrlan, A.,
Dutchak, Alex., Deacon, Mrs.
John, Dewing, Charles,
Egge, Peter.
Grcnfleld, Frank, Grledcr, J.
Haons, Matt, Henderson, Pete,
Henderson, K., Hansen, Chris, Heliums, Coy.
Jockus, M„ Jones, A, C, Jervis,
Fred.
L. Lacosse, George, Lindsay,
James, Lardon, James J,
Moshier, John, Marks, Walter R„
Martin, C. H.
McWilllams, P. A., McCurdy,
John.
Oulllette, J, D., O'Donavan, P.
J.
Pritchard, Peterson, Nels, Pet-
terson, P., Forrltt, Roy, Paterson,
H. G.
Rattlgan, W. D., Relton, John,
Robinson, E. J., Ross, W.
Saunders, Ernest, Skelton, Matt,
W. H. Stevens.
Tunus, Taylor, A.
Urwln, C. J.
W. J. Wilson, Wlktowar, Joe,
Wilkinson, Dan, Wentz, George.
Papers, etc.—Timothy, Tom,
(registered); Korlan, Alfred, Lardon, J, J., A, McKenzle, Yoctnan,
Henry.
Onr Ten Points
B etter conditions.
0 rder of Industries.
L abors only hope.
S lavery abolished.
H umanlty's only salvation.
B quality for all.
V anqulshed exploitation,
1 nternatlonal In scope.
K nowlodge, Justice and Truth,
I Invincible tor Labor.
UNION STEAMSHIP CO,
Many complaints have come
from members .concerning overcrowding, and tho charging tor
berths when same is not available.
This matter was taken up with
the company, and their reply is
given below. Members having
specific instances, will please give
full details of same so that the
matter can be taken up.
"We are In receipt of yours of
the 21st inst., in whioh you state
there has been complaints received ot twelvo passengers being unable to obtain berths. You do not
give us any specific steamer, and
we might say that the fares on all
of the logging camp boats are exclusive of meals and berths, bo
that a mnn does not necessarily
havo to purchase berths. If referring to northern steamers, that
Is to points in Alert Bay and
north, where fares Include meals
and berths, It frequently happens
that men come down at the last
moment who have made no reservation for berths. They are offer-
ed the alternative of taking a
steerage passage, which does not
Include meals and berth, but lt
they Insist upon first-class passage
we regret that we cannot make
any deduction when all accommodation has been taken beforehand,
In this case the men would have
the run of the ship, and would be
fed first-class meals, and also allowed the privilege ot Bleeping on
settees, etc. On the other hand,
when men are told that there is
no accommodation, they do not
have to travel first-class,
"If you have any further specific complaint to make, kindly
name steamer, so that we may
take up the matter with the officers."
(Signed)    "Union S. S. Co."
GENERAL HOSPITAL PATIENTS
S. & T. Compensation Wards—J.
Corlar, M. Woran, T. Pierce, D. A.
Moore, J. E. Pendergast.
Ward E—John Burko, Mike
Koope, Tom Cottrell, Jamea Crov-
arty.
Ward   D —W.    Sheffield,    Dan
O'Brien, Tlm Sail.
Ward I—T. Sinclair, Chas, Johnson, John Gilmour, Yd. Augest, A,
C. Jones.
George Selenlus, Andy Bergman,
C. Wlerman.
St. Paul's Hospital
Ward No.
A. Bellanger     114
Chartrom       40
Joseph Furgca     124
Kanut  Lumsftlh         40Q
Martin Higgins      406
T. D. Thompson     407
M. Larsen     407
F. Petrowltz      408
SUDBURY DISTRICT
Satement from November 16th to January 24th
Receipts
Dues _ ( 828.00
Fees *  48.00
Delegates' and organizers remit  8058.71
District members  17.00
O. B. u: Butons sold  126.00
O, B. U. Folders sold  1.25
Expenditures
13573.96
Wages I 696.00
Rent—three months to February 17th V     45.00
Advertisement  20.00
Office equipment   61.60
Office supplle  78.67
Postage   76.60
Express and cartage i  88.45
Telegrams   14.72
Organization   1143.98
Printing circulars  67.25
O. B. U. Buttons  8.60
Hospital patients  ,  2.00
Advance to Alberta Tlkka  • • 16-00
Time check outstanding  -  tt.00
balance on hand ,.t '.. • 1412.39
83573.96
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT
Detail Statement for January, 1(20
Receipts
Dues
.8 425.1
Fees • -  10
Delegates' remittances    539.
Defense fund collections •  40.
Chase strike collections  869.
O. B. IT. Buttons sold   18
O. B. U. Folders sold  '
Refund of strike relief  17
Balance on hand, December 31st  448.
Expenditure*
Wages t 350.
Rent  16
Heating -....-. *     8.
Installing electric light and water rate *   26.
Stamps  15-
Defense fund collections remitted  86.
Organization  76
Sundry office supplies   2
Telegrams    8
Chase strike expenses   264,
Remitted to headuarters   134.
Printing ballots  It
Balance on hand, January 31st  895.
PRINCE GEORGE DISTRICT
Statement for'January, 1020
Rectfpts
81870.78
Dues    , 8 200.00
,  14.011
  381.00
  344.50
 ,  40.00
 ," 18.20
 60
  1.60
  260.00
Fees   •-.	
Delegates' remittance '.. i.'.....,
Less commission, less exp., $86.50	
District members ..'..... i'.......
O. B. V. Buttons sold  ,"?.'.	
O. B. U. Foldors sold  it.".?,...
Sundry literature sold	
Cash on hand, December 31st .'..',.J....
Expenditures
Wages
THE LION AND THE LAMB
Following is copy of agreement,
which aome of the employers have
been endeavoring to get their employees to sign. Information to
hand is to the effect that the men
have turned down the proposition,
and are standing solid on the principle that the L. w. I. U., being the
only body with which they have Interests In common, being themselveB part and parcel of lt, they refuse to enter into any fifty-fifty
camouflaged agreements with any
other body or Interest.
FOR THB ESTABLISHMENT OF
AN "INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL"
We, the undereigned Employers
and Employees, do Jointly and severally agree to the establishment of
an
INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL"
for the
So that there will be a permanent organization, containing both
employers and employees, through
which we can Jointly and severally
give expression to our views and
carry on effectively and efficiently
negotiations and complete agreements as to wages, working conditions,, hours of tabor, etc.
We further endorse the establishment of an Industrial Council so
that
JUSTICE   WILL   BB   DISTRIBUTED;
CONFIDENCE CREATED, AND
CO-OPBRATION ESTABLISHED.
I agree to the following Constitution and will honestly try to make
the Industrial Council work satisfactorily for twelve months.
Constitution and Working Rule* of
Industrial Council.
<   PREAMBLE
Recognizing that the best Interests of all factors of the community, employers, employees and general public; can best be served by
the establishment of a system of
practical co-operation, lt is there.
tore deemed wise to form "Industrial Councils" as the flrst step In
carrying this out.
Industrial Councils nay be
formed either between the employers and employees of any one concern, or between the employers and
employees In any trade group.
As It has been deemed advisable
to form an Industrial Council for
the ., be It therefore
Rent (or six months lr......
Heating  U'-M-v'
Stamps   	
Offlce supplies and telegrams 	
Delegates, convention expenses	
Bank exchange	
Remitted to headquarters for Chase strike
Cash on hand, January 31st	
i 210.00
90.00
10.00
8.00
8.45
70.00
.65
47.00
424.70
FORT FRANCES DISTRICT
Statement for January, 1920
Receipts
i 868.76
Dues  3 40.00
Fees       2.00
Delegates' remittances   176.60
Less com., 314.50, less exp., 31.35; (16.85  169.65
O. B. U. Buttons sold     42.00
Cash on hand, December 31  446.20
Expenditures
Wages  (160.00
Rent     15.00
Heating i     8.50
Light account i      .60
Stamps  ,    10.26
Offlce supplies and telegrams .. .<• ' -     2.70
Organization      1.80
Signs      9.50
Literature       6.00
Cash on hand, January 31st  476.00
1689.85
PRINCE RUPERT DISTRICT
Statement for January, 1920
Receipts
Dues I 80.00
Fees  218.70
Less com., 31460; Iobs exp,, 50c; 815.00  203.70
District members      14.00
O. B. U. Euttons sold      6.30
O. B. U. Folders Bold 75
Sundry literature  25
Cash on hand, December 31st     82.78
Expenditure*
Wages   (120.00
Stamps        8.80
Sundry offlce supplies       6.95
Telegrams, etc      1.85
Premier strike expenses      60.00
Cash on hand, January 31st   200.18
The Four-L organization at the
south of the line was professedly
based upon the principle of unity
of Interest between tho worker and
employer.
We understand tho Four-L locals In the vicinity of Everett have
decided to ask their employers for
o. flat Increase of 31.00 per day.
It is rather odd that they should
seek any change in tho mutual relation. Would not the Identity of
Intorest still be thore even if wages
wore reduced?
A Correction       _.
In the Issuo of Feb. 13th, reference was made in tho Foroman
report and in that relating to the
Chase strike, to the offect that the
Royal Canadian North West
Mounted Police were engaged in
seeing that the Provincial laws
relating to sanitary conditions,
etc., were enforced, Wc aro Informed that this Is not exactly
correct, as the enforcement of
Provincial lawa In a matter coming within the Jurisdiction of the
Provincial police only. The R. N.
W. M P. Jurisdiction being the
administration ef Federal law
only,
8387.78
PRINCE ALBERT  DISTRICT
Statement for January
Receipts
1920
Duet   8 18.00
Fees       2.00
Delegates, Remittances  -.   i.OO
Less com., 812.60; less exp., 31.62; (14.12  116.88
O. B. V. Buttons sold   .;.     10.15
Cask on hand, December 31st  193.23
Expenditures
Wage ( 43.00
Rent        20.00
Light      8.20
Stamps    ,     29.00
Organization expense   ,     64.00
Sundry expenses    .. ,j       3.01
Cash on hand, Janutry 81st ... .".j,   187.45
resolved:
Clause 1—That the name of the
Industrial Council ahall be "Tbe
Industrial Council of	
Clause 2 —That the "Industrial
Council of 	
—hereinafter called the Industrial
Council—Bhall be composed of an
equal number of employers and employees.
Clause 3 —That the employees
elect one representative for every
 or portion -of	
In any one concern, such representatives to be duly elected by
secret ballot of the employees of
each concern at their Individual
meetings, all such elections to tako
place on the same day.
Clause 4—That the employers ot
each concern shall nominate from
amongst themselves and the managerial staff, including foremen, a
number sufficient to equal but not
to exceed the number of representatives of the employoes of that
concern.
Clause 5 —That the Industrial
Council representatives elected by
the employees, or decided on by
the employers as their delegates,
shall remain ln ofllce for a period
of twelve months.
Clause 6—That all elected representatives shall he subject to recall: should the employees of any
concern at a properly assembled
meeting (notice of whicli has been
served on each employee not less
than two weeks prior to the date
of the meeting) so decide, but such
meeting shall be composed of not
less than seventy-live per cent, of
the employees affected.
ClauBO 7—That a quorum of the
Indusrlal Council shall be seventy-
five per cent, of the total number
composing the Industrial Council.
Clause 8—That all duly elected
representatives ot the employoes
THE LEAGUE OF EMPLOYERS
The recent statement of prlnci-t   Nimpkish Timber Co., Ltd.
plea Issued by several logging employers, reduces Wilson'* fourteen
points to six.
Clause 6 and 6 states: "It Is
the wish and expectation of the
management to work at all time*
ln perfect harmony and good fellowship with the men, and to
meet them in a ipirlt ot equity
and fairness.
"It ia hoped that all employees
will recognize the fairness of the
foregoing principles, and will give
cheerful approval thereto, ao that
the relations between employer
and employee will be those of real
co-workers, and result ln accomplishments of which all may feel
proud, and furthermore will be to
the material betterment of all
concerned."
The following is the list of Arm
who attached their signature to
that most ridiculous document,
wherein, it was stated, that no
discrimination would be practiced;
open shop would be maintained;
the lawa would bc enforced; that
they desired perfect harmony and
fellowship with their men, but refuse to discuss any demands originating outalde of their own
camp.
In their actions they are not
conforming to aome of the "principles" they themselves define, but
the main Joke Ib that'they, having apparently no Interest In. the
affairs of each other's camps, yet
form an organization which decides how each member shall conduct his camp operations (and incidentally also fixes the prise of
logs), and at the same time states
that the employees' organization
will not be recognized, or any.requirements discussed relating to
working conditions which they
claim may have originated out-
Bide that particular camp. Fortunately we do not expect consistency from the employers, because
we never get  It.
The list Is as follows:
Aberhethy tk Lougheed, Ltd.
Alberni   Pacific Lumber Co.
R.  R. McKenzie ft Co., Ltd.
Genoa Bay Timber Co.
Grassy   Bay   Logging  Co,   Ltd.
Keystone Logging Co.
H. Whittaker.
CO.,
Tack Logging Co., Ltd.
Mainland Cedar Co., Ltd.
New   Ladysmlth   Lumber
Ltd.
Brooks-Scanlon-O'Brlen Co. Ltd,
M, Hemmlngten.
H. M.  Kills,, Limited.
Deep Cove Logging Co., Ltd.
Powell River Co., Ltd.
Victoria  Lumber  A  Mfg.   Co„
Ltd.
Northern Cedar Log Co., Ltd.
Blcedel, Stewart A Welch, Ltd.
Shawnigan   Lake   Lumber   Co.,
Ltd.
McLeod Timber Co., Ltd,
Comox Logging A Railway Co,
The BcndlckBon Logging Co,
Booth Logging Co,
Eagle Timber Co., Ltd.
Capilano Timber Co., Ltd..
Dempsey-Ewart, Limited
ButleJ Timber Co.
International Timber Co.
O'Connor Logging Co., Ltd.
Matthew Sutton.
Lamb Lumber Co., Ltd,
P. B. Anderson.
Smith Dollar Timber Co., Ltd.
Masset Timber Co., Ltd,
Cedars, Limited,
Lapan Logging Co.
Undine Logging Co., Ltd,
A. Fraser ft Co., Ltd.
Wilson Brady, Limited.
J. & W. Mllligan.
Gllroy-McKay Lumber Co., Ltd.
Canadian Robert Dollar Co. Ltd.
McGougan ft Macdonald.
A. B.  Burnett.
Whalen   Pulp   ft  Paper  Mill*,
Ltd.
Pacific Mills, Ltd.
Northern   Pacific   Logging  Co.,
Ltd.
Abbottsford Lumber, Mining te
Development Co.
Beaver Cover Lumber ft  Pulp
Co., Ltd.
Pacific Lumber ft Trading Co.,
Ltd.'
Merrill,   Ring,   Moore   Logging
Co.
Cox, Verge ft Parkhurst.
Campbell   River   Lumber   Co.,
Ltd.
The    British    Columbia   Mills,
Timbqr ft Trading Co.
McDonald, Murphy ft Co.
M. B. King Lumber Co., Ltd.
Many of these are different trading names for the same person.
on the Industrial Council shall not
be subject to dismissal by their
employers, except for serious neglect of duty In connection with
their work, and ln such case a complete report of the matter shall be
made to the Industrial Council, before action Is taken.
Clause 9—That both employers
and employees in each concern
shall sign a petition calling for the
establishment of an Industrial
Council, and each and every one
shall agree to abide by the decision of their Industrial Council.
Clause 10—That at the first meeting of the Industrial Council, a
chairman shall be chosen, and he
shall Immediately call for the nomination and election by ballot of
a president and secretary, who
shall hold office for a period of
three consecutive months, and be
eligible for re-election.
Clause 11 —That in order to
maintain co-operation, the president and secretary shall be chosen
when nominations are made, one
from the employers and one from
the employees.
Clause 12 —That the president
Bhall preside at all meetings, and
his decision In the order and con
duct of the business shall be Anal
Clause 13 —That regular meetings shall be held once In each
month, and that date, time and
place shall be that most suitable
to all.
Clause 14 —That any special
meeting shall be called by the
president, on the request tor same,
In writing, of 60 per cent, of the
(340.26
DIRECTORY OF DISTRICT OFFICES
1.1.
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H. Thompson....Box 18
Kamloops, B. 0 J. L. Peterson Box 812
3 Victoria St,
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelson, B. 0 E. Mutch .Box 197
Princeton, B. 0 R. S. Baxter Box B
Fringe Oeorge, B.0...J. Stevenson Drawer 20
Prinoe Rupert, B.0...J. H. Burrough ....Box 838
Victoria, B. 0 E. Waterson 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333-lOlst St. E.
Prince Albert, Sask...Geo. Tether 108—8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont 0. Anderson 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont T. Mace Box 390
Webster Hall
Cobalt, Ont. _W. Cowan .96 Lang St.
PRINCETON DISTRICT
Statement for January, 1920
Receipts
Dues    (229.00
Fees    • • • •      8.00
Delegates remittances    359.00
Lcsb com., (31; loss exp., 25c; (31.25   327.75
Cash on hand, December 31st   411.05
Expenditures
Wages    • •. .(200.00
Rent        35.00
Light        3
Per capita tax liaid K-rdqaurters   209.00
Delogatos' expenses to convention      60.00
O. B. U. Folders and Buttons      01.00
Printing     10.
Office supplies        10.00
Heating         7.00
Telephone and telegrams    7.1'
Alterations to offices ,
Organization expenses	
Signs  	
Stamps   	
Cash on hand, January 31st .
12.80
36.00
10.00
3.00
261.86
(975.80
CRANBROOK DISTRICT
Detail Stntewmnt for January
Receipts
Dues    (408.00
Fees       19-00
Delegates' .remittances  945.97
Less com., (67.50; less exp., (2.23; (69.73   886.24
District collections   209.05
Strike collections        7.00
O, B. U. Buttons sold     46.45
O. B. U. Folders sold         1.00
Winnipeg defense fund      30.00
Balance on hnnd, December 31st ,   924.90
Expenditures
Wages    (177.00
Stomps         13.00
Electric light account        4.55
Telephone account        4.95
Rent        45.00
Conventlo nexpenses   303.50
Chase striko       46.00
Dofenso fund remittance      81.50
Remitted to headquarters   197.75
Kimberly striko remittance        2.00
Waldo ttrike 200.00
Organization    '     20.45
Cranbrook Courier      17.00
Office aupplles       2.00
Balance on hand, January 3lit 1416.94
,12331.61
members of the Industrial Council.
Clause 15 —That the Induitrlal
Council when in session may arrange for any special meeting.
Clause 16 —Tbat the secretary
shall keep on accurate record of
all motions adopted at each meeting. He shall send out notices, and
take an active irterest ln bringing
to the attention of the president
any matters which In his judgment
ahould be presented to the meeting.
Clause 17 —That the president
and secretary shall have a vote,
and when a casting vote Is required by the meeting then the
president shall deposit same.
Clause 18 — That this Industrial
Council, helng organized for the
purpose of establishing mutual cooperation, shall have power to consider and take action on all matters of Joint Interest affecting th*
employers, the employees, and tha
general public.
Clause 19—That It shall he th*
duty of the members of the Industrial Council to assist each othei
in the conduct of the business la
such manner aB to establish th*
greatest efficiency and economy,
and assure the best Interests ol
both employers and employees.
Clause 20—That all new business
requiring notice of motion shall b*
submitted in writing at a preceding meeting, and (unless the meeting so decides) no vote on any subject shall be taken, unless and until this has been done, but this It
not to be Interpreted aB preventing
an open discussion ot any subject
when It is Introduced,
Clauso 21—That It shall be ths
special duty of the members of the
Industrial Council to establish,
through meetings of the employer*
and employees generally, a spirit
of good-fellowship. For this purpose and to thiB end the Industrial
Council shali. at stated Intervals,
arrange social gatherings, and,
whenever possible, business meetings of all the employees,
Clauso 22—That it shall be the
duty of the Industrial Council to
provide ways and means for the
welfare and protection ot the employers and employees. All matters of wageB and working conditions shall bo taken up In the Industrial Council, and there shall ba
no lockout nor strike, threatened,
implied or Intended, unless or until
the matter has bcen considered by
the Industrial Council In proper
session at three meetings held
within a period of seven dayB, without being able to arrive at an amicable adjustment. That In the
event of the Industrial Council being unable to arrive at a settlement, an Arbitration Board of flv*
shall be appointed by the Industrial Council—two being chosen by
Uie employers, nnd two bv tlio employees, nnd these four shall jointly select a fifth party, Who shall be
Chairman of tho Arbitration Board.
clause 23 —That this Constitution may be amended by a two-
thirds voto of the members present
ut a duly and properly called meeting of the Industrinl Council.
I will abido by the said Constitution and not allow any other Interests to disuude mc from following
out tho system and tlio directions
of said Industrial Council.
In attaching my name to this
form I do so realizing that the giving of my word is a binding obligation.
When   Industrial   Councils   are
formed ln three or more lines of
Industry in the Province,
THEN—
Any subject which has not heen
satisfactorily adjusted and nettled
by the Trade Oroup Industrial
Council, must bo at once referred
(Continued oa page 8) VA'rti hUUK
TWELFTH YEAR.   NO. 8     Itl-   BK1WS-   OULiLUHBlA   UHUKKAXIUNIST       VANCOUVER, B. 0.
FRIDAY February 20, ItiO
M B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationitt, Limited
A. a WELLS
...Manager
Offlce:
Labor  Temple,  405  Dunsmuir Street.
Telephone Seymour 5871
Subscribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
♦2.50 per year; Canada, $2.00 per year; to
UnionB subscribing in a body, $1-50 per
member per year.	
Unity sf Labor: The Hop* ot the World
FRIDAY... _~—
...February 20, 1920
SO MUCH has been said by all mannor
of persons, from thc minister of labor
to the judges who have had charge of the
trials of the labor men in Winnipeg,
about conspiracy, that it would appear
to bc about time to
WHERE say something on the
WAS THB conspiracy that evid-
C0NSWBA0Y? cntl.y exists to fasten
seditious conspiracy
on not only those charged with it, but on
many who are not indicted or even named.
It will be remembered that in the particulars supplied by Mr. A. J. Andrews,
K.C, erstwhile member of the Winnipeg
Citizens' Committee, now chief prosecutor
in the trial of the seven labor men being
tried in Mr. Justice Metdflfe's court, there
appeared the names of a large number of
men who arc supposed to have been engaged in a conspiracy. The conspiracy
being of a seditious intent. Thc place
where the conspiracy was hatched, or
brought to a head being Calgary; the occasion, the Western Conference held in
that city.
» * »
Ministers of labor, judges and such persons who are entrusted with thc administration of justice, are not supposed to
judge the intents of persons or groups
of persons. Usually that is left to juries.
They are also supposed to hold thcir
tongues as to matters that ore ,not yet
decided by the juries selected to adjudicate on the evidence presented to them,
Yet we find that in the past week a learned judge of thc Province of Manitoba has
uttered words that would predjudice the
case against those now faeing trial in
Winnipeg. The case being that of the
remarks made by Mr. Justice Gait at the
close of the trial of F. J. Dixon, who was
acquitted by a jury of his peers. Mr.
Justice Gait, in dismissing Dixon, stated
that Dixon waB a man of high ability and
education. In the next Ijreath he warned
him to have nothing to do with such men
as took part in the conspiracy at the Calgary Conference. And then said, "Of
course you were not there, and that is in
your faror." Apart from the fact that
his advico to Dixon was a gratuitous insult, this statement, eoupled with the opinion he expressed as to the unlawfulness
of the Winnipeg strike, was a direet intimation to the public that he considered
the men now on trial had been guilty of
seditious conspiracy at the Calgary Conference. And at the same time was likely
to predjudice the case of the men now on
trial.
* «        •
Senator Bobertson has also at times
contributed to the idea tbat is now becoming prevalent as to the conspiracy
against the labor men. In the early days
of the trouble last year, he stated or inferred by the quoting of a portion of a
letter written by Carl Berg, that Bolsheviki funds were behind the Winnipeg
strike. This has not been accepted as
the truth by the crown counsel for the
prosecution in Winnipeg, as announced
by the chief prosecuting counsel last
week. He has also stated that the Busscll family would be added to, inferring
that others would be convicted for an
alleged seditious conspiracy.
* •        *
Now what was the seditious conspiracy? The Calgary Conference was a
gathering of labor men dissatisfied with
the craft form of unions. It was held
in a large public hall, where all and sundry, including stool pigeons, policemen
in uniform or in plain clothes, could as
readily enter as could the delegates, to
that gathering. Nothing was hidden.
The full report of the proceedings being
published broadcast throughout the land.
In faet, greater publicity was given to
the proceedings of that conference than
has ever been given to any conference
or convention of labor previously held in
the Dominion. This would not lead any
person, who gave the matter a moment's
"thought, to suspect .a conspiracy, seditious or otherwise. Then came the Winnipeg strike, Not an 0. B. U. strike, but
a strike of international craft unions. If
there was conspiracy, it was conspiracy
on the part of the employers to crush
out organized labor, and to prevent the
formation of an organization more in
keeping with the times, and the development of industry. A form of organization that is taking hold the world over,
and especially in the Old Land and other
British colonies, as well as Canada. In
the attempt to destroy the now oiganiza-
tion, it has been described as the I. W.
W. in disguise. It has been described as
anything but what it is, an organization
tor the purpose of dealing with wage
questions, and the conditions of employment, and for educational purposes. It
is in no particular like the I. W. AV.. The
men at the Calgary Conference could not
be driven into the I. W. W., not agreeing with the views of tbat organization.
They conld not even be persuaded to
agree on the question of political affiliation. Still less likely were they to be engaged in a seditious conspiracy, or to
agree to even consider such a proposition. If, however, the strike weapon of
ithc workers is to be declared unlawful;
if thc engaging in sympathetic strikes is
to be considered a seditious conspiracy,
then that is another matter.  Tha .West
ern Conference was not a seditious gathering. It was not unlawful. It was not
even engaged in dealing with strikes. It
may have been thc cause of a new form
of organization being launched, but
since when was it unlawful for the workers to organize as they see fit, providing
■that no laws of the land wcro broken
in doing so. If conspiracy existed, then
it was hatched in Winnipeg. It was
hatched by thc iron masters of that city
backed by American capital, whieh controls this country in all its larger financial and industrial activities. Many of
the brightest and best labor men in this
Dominion were at the Western Conference. If the statements of Mr. Andrews
K.C, to the effect that the Western Conference was the occasion where the seditious conspiracy was brought to a
head are correct, or rather if he is allowed to get away with them, then every
man at the convention is just as guilty
as Russell. Just as guilty as Pritchard,
and the rest of those who are now being
tried at AVinnipeg. Mr. Andrews describes them as dishonest Reds masquerading as labor men in order to control
the labor movement. Tliis is not only an
insult to the men who are named by Mr.
Andrews, but is a direct inference that
tho men in thc ranks of organized labor
are without brains and can have anything put over them at any time by men
who choose to do so. That a conspiracy
existed, and still exists, wc have no
doubt. It was not, however, a conspiracy
of labor men. It was a conspiracy of thc
employing interests to break the power
of organized labor. Under the cloak of
getting-to thc bottom.of the labor unrest by arresting labor men, thc government of this country evidently thinks
that its own infamies can bc covered up.
By the stool pigeon and spy system the
active labor men arc to be suppressed
either by deportation or imprisonment.
By this method the employers arc of the
opinion labor can bc made more subservient. Thc government thinks that it
can cover up the sore spots in the
country. But Judge made interpretations as to the unlawfulness of
strikes, and Minister of Labor Robertson's championship of the international
unions do not make a seditious conspiracy out of a gathering of labor men who
had nothing to hide, and proved it by
holding their meeting open to the wide
world, and stool pigeons included. And
if he had have cared to have attended,
Senator Robertson would have been admitted along with" Rowell's spys. The
conspiracy still exists, supported by a
subservient press, aided and abetted by
every reactionary influence; but labor is
the victim rather than the culprit.
tionist or to the Western Clarion, or
both. It would be well if the writers in
the journal published by Mr. Fish and
his associates took a kindergarten course
in the study of Marx and Engles, "they
might then be able to see straight. In
thc meantime there is no doubt that the
occupation they now follow is a very
profitable one. »!«««
The Lumber Operators of this province never had such times. They never
made sueh profits as they are doing today. It iB well known in some circles,
that not very long ago when things did
not look quite so bright in this industry,
that it had been decided by the operators to come to a show-down with the
Lumber Workers' Unity of the 0, B. U.
Things, however, picket! up and the matter was allowed to rest for a while, but
it is very evident that some time the union will have to fight for ita existence
if the operators maintain thcir present
attitude. The conditions thc men are demanding at thi» time are thc least that
they could ask for, and they are only
asking those things which makes life in
a lumber camp tolerable. Inspectors who
would, make the camps sanitary, if unmolested from thoso highor up, are restrained from enforcing the laws of the
land, at the behest of the big interests.
Consequently thc men arc, by their organization, getting conditions that they
never have had before. This is causing
a squeal from the operators and the usual press propaganda against organized
labor is being used. Weird stories of
pink teas in lumber camps have been
served up to the public, and evidently
with the intention of discrediting the
workers.
AA'ith the exchange rate in the present
condition, everything is in favor of fhe
operators, bljt they may by a shortsighted policy, place themselves in such
a position as will only rebound to the
advantage of their competitors .to the
south of the lhie. In fact there is moro
than a suspicion that trouble may be
stirred up in the camps in B. C. so that
business on the other side can be improved. If the operators in this province arc
wise, they will readily grant the men the
conditions tbey are demanding, and
should have, and reap thc benefit of the
present situation created by the adverse
exchange rate. The men are not lookipg
for trouble, but are determined that they
shall live like men. The operators ;cah
well afford to grant thc concessions Salved for and by doing so will reap wipUe
the reaping is good. -■■■ or
TF THERE is any brand of propaganda
^ we dislike it is the American type.
We are opposed to the American form
of labor organization, to the tactics of
the employers and the courts of that
country. Ameriean
WHY trades unionism bas
THIS CONCERN a too decided Gomp-
FOR CANADA? erian and Jesuitical
smell, to be very acceptable to any,one with any sense of
decency, but even these organizations,
and the tactics of the employers and the
courts, do not raise our ire as do the
self-appointed saviours of American democracy, and combatters of Bolshevism,
and disciples of industrial peace, who at
times wander over the boundary line to
give advice to the workers of this country, and to point the way to tho open
shop policy to the employers. Some little
time ago we had in Vancouver, a gentleman named Fish, whose mission was to
give advice along the lines enumerated
above. This gentleman was designated as
an Anderson expert in the combatting of
the Bed element in labor. He spoke be-'
fore the Rotary Club, and got Bomewhat
extended reports of his utterances in the
press.
* » *
The headquarters of this gentleman
are in Seattle. He is associate editor of
a publication issued in that city, under
the head of "Labor and Industrial Journal." Recently this publication has been
distributed in Vancouver, and with a
date line which would indicate to the
unthinking that it was published here.
Its contents, however, would indicate the
place of its origin, or at least as to where
the writers for it obtain their ideas, and
they are distinctly American. The subscription price of this "journal" in Canada is six dollars per year. Needless to
say, there are very few working men who
are rushing to subscribe to this paper.
Tho outstanding feature of this publication, however, is its abuse of labor men
and their organizations. In the latest issue to hand, tho theory of surplus values
as laid down by Marx and Engles, is attacked and one quotation from this article will be sufficient to show the trend
of it, it is as follows:
Thc few idlers who consume the
commodities of life without returning service to society, therefore, aro
not sufficient to make consideration
worth while in the total sunt of production. If thero is not sufficient
food, clothing and shelter for all, increased production we believe is the
sole remedy.
Might we suggest to the peoplo behind
this paper, and thc Anderson system, that
there is more people in thc U. S. A. than
there is in Canada, and that their activities might well bc confined to their own
country. At the same timo we would
suggest to those who are subscribers to
tho paper referred to, that there are
plenty of publications in this oountry
that do much better in thcir treatment
of economic problems and that in view
of the exchange rates now prevailing,
that it would be much better to purchase home-produced papers, and if they
wish to be informed as to reliable papers,
which are capable of giving true inform-
. ation and instruction as to questions of
economioa, we would suggest that they
invest in a subscription te the Federa-
Headlines in the press are pccifltyt
things. Sometimes they give color f£*p\
story, that the article itself does' ,fiqi
corroborate. In the local press of Welb
nesday, there appeared thp following
headline: ."Allies Fear Reds Will Jrtjj
Over All Southern Russia." As a niatr
ter of fact the Allies and the ruling
class of all countries are scared stiff* bei
cause they realize that the Reds, in other
words the Socialists, are gaining ground
by leaps and bounds. They have not yet
realized that the reds are in line with
the evolutionary processes that are going
on in society, and that they are bound
to win, not over all of Southern Russia,
but throughout the. entire world. The
war for democracy, which has not established democracy, but to date has crushed
any semblance of it that remained in a
capitalistic state, has brought the present system to thc place where it cannot
recover, and the Socialists, not_because
they will it, but because they cannot help
it, aro being forced into the position
where they aro compelled to dominate
more and more every day. Yes, the Reds
are on their way. And no one, nor anything can stop them.
An Economic Peace
{By Scott Nearing)
There seems to be somt question
u to whether the war was an economic one. Mr. Wilson lays lt was,
Mr. Burleson says (it wai not.
Various prominent radicals were
given long terms for taking the
affirmative in the discussion.
On one point, however, there can
i no difference of opinion—the
war may or may not have been an
economio one, but the peace Js certainly an economic peace.
France and Germany are old-
time ecoonmlc rivals, with the advantage heretofore on the side of
Germany. For example, before the
war the German iron ore resources
are estimated by The British Board
of Trade Journal to have been
3,600,000,000 tons, while the French
ore was estimated at 3,300,000,000
tons. Undor the treaty, the iron
ore resources of the two countries
are: Germany, 1,300,000,000 tons;
France, 5,1100,000,000 tons. Iron
ore Is tho basis of modern prosperity. The treaty has shirtod from
one side of the Rhine to the other,
the pofrer that goes with the richest ' iron deposits of western
Europe.     v
Beforo the war, Germany held
an enviable position in the economic life of the world. The
treaty contains one section (Part
X) that completely shears Germany
of her economic power. Tho al-
left her an army, but they
took her shipping; took her dock
facilities; took Ijer cars and motor
vehicles; took her stock; took al!
of the fruits of German enterprise
in the allied and associated countries, in the former German colonies and the Orient. By the treaty,
Germany is stripped economically,
at the same time that sho is compelled to assume the responsibility for making huge economic
reparations.
Great Britain hod a considerable
share of the world before the war
■far more tfian even the most
Pan-German of the l?an-Gormans
hoped to possess. Under the treaty
she is granted spoils that are probably greater than those that have
fallen to ono nation as the result
of one war. Great Britain held
the commanding position in Africa.
During the war she took possession
of Egypt.. Under the trooty the
bulk of the German possessions in
Africa goes to Great Britain, mak-
f ing her practically the mistress of
the entire oontinem, && flying 'ner
the long desired stretch from the
Mediterranean Sea to the Cape of
Good Hope.
So vaat were the territorial ao-
quistions of Great Britain in Africa
that the Belgian delegation to the
peace conference felt called upon
to make a protest. Needless to
say, their objection made no difference in the final settlement,
Outside of Africa, the British
receive substantial concessions in
Mesopotamia, Arabia, Persia and
in the South Pacific. A round million and a half square miles, experts estimate, will be added to the
British Enfpiro 00 a result of the
treaty of peace. Some of this newly, acquired territory Is rioh in oil.
Other portions of it produce the essential raw materials that Great
Britain requires to maintain her
position as a manufacturing and
trading nation.
France, Italy and Japan received
important economlo concessions
under the treaty. The United
States Is secure ln the Monroe Doctrine, which puts oome of the
choicest pickings in the world under her exclusive  jurisdiction.
The war may not have been an
economic war, but Mr. Burleson
must admit that the peace is an
economic peace.
If the judge who tried R. B. Russell
and the jury that rendered a verdict of
guilty against him were not poisoned it
was not because the press which so ably
aided the prosecution, headed by Mr. A.
J. Andrews, erstwhile spokesman for the
Citizen's Committee, ,whom no one will
believe was free from prejudice, did not
do all that was possible, not only during
trial, but before the arrests were made,
to poison not only those immediately in
close touch with Winnipeg, but the entire population of the country. "With
perhaps the exception of the Soviet government of Russia, no set of workers
have been lied about so much, as were
tho strikers in Winnipeg, and particularly the men who were arrested. If
J.udge Metcalfe is not as prejudiced as
Mr. Andrews against the accused, ho
has not at any rate shown much toler-
ance in his remarks. To those that havo
not yet realized the prostitution of ,the
press, we would recommend them to read
Upton Sinclair's new book, "The Brass
Check." After reading this book thfej
will look twice at the date lines, beforc
they even believe that part of the papers.
Rebellious Element Causing Gang of Imperialists to Tremble
While England Is having anxious
days over her Moslem empire, Japan ln the extreme east appears to
bo having similar imperialistic
troubles. In recent months she has
put down a somewhat theoretical,
idealistic move for independence
among the Koreans with considerable severity. Now news agencies
report bands of Korean rebelB
forming In Chinese territory and
attacking Japanese garrisons. At
ono .point 300 out of a garrison of
700 Japanese are reported killed.
Popular uprisings are also reported'in the Island of Sakhalin, formerly Russian territory, just north
of Japan. .
What makes these incidents,
which are described as Bolshevistic,
the more significant fs the fact that
the Bolshevik armies are not with.
in hundreds of miles of the trouble
areas. At most the Soviet troops
have gotten as far as Irkutsk. And
yet ail Siberia to the east of that
point revolted when tho defeat of
Kolchak and his Japanese support
became known. Revolutionary
forces took Vladivostok recently,
leaving allied contingents favoring
Kilchak far inland.
It is obvious, therefore, that
thoso latest troubles spring from
local causes and must become more
Intense for Japan as the Soviet
troops get further east. War con
ditions, in the meantime, have turn
ed considerable of the publio opin
lon of Japan against imperialistic
policies.
Affiliates With the Moscow International; Condemns Violent Peace.
(By the Federated Press.)
Paisley, Scotland.—By a vote of
1B8 to 28 the Independent Labor
party of Scotland at its annual
convention here severed its connection with the Socond International and affiliated with the Moscow International, declaring that
"Lenino is now the leader of the
movement which will destroy world
capitalism."
Tho party also decidod to retain
Us connection with the Labor party
on the ground that It was the only
mass proletarian organisation
whieh held the potentiality of the
now social crder.
Other resolutions wero passed
condemning the "peace of violence'
and demanding freedom for ire-
land and restoration of real peace
with all nations.
These decisions have been for
warded to the Independent Labor
party of Englund, and will be taken up at the national convention
at Easter.
New Spring Models
in Men's Suits
ON DISPLAY
They are 20th Century Brand, which means
the best in Men's and Young Men's Wear. We
are sole agents for Vancouver.
See Our Boys' Department.
Everything for the boy—same as dad wears.
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
309 Hastings St. West
Hamilton, Ont.—Harris Bennett,
of Carleton Place Molders Unton,
has beon expelled from the union
there beeause of his O. B. U. sympathies. The molders were warned
by their International that they
must not affiliate with the O. B.
U. on pain of expulsion from the
I.  BI U.
ORPHEUM
theatreIu
THS HOME OF OOOD
.    VAUDEVILLE
Matinee 2.30
 8.20
Hon. Arthur Meighen has been defending the Unionist Government. rHe
has told a Winnipeg audience what "the
government has done for the county.
As he was addressing a meeting in the
Fort Garry Hotel, no doubt the ,doiugs
of the government would be satisfactory'.
Winnipeg has been the scenes of mijety
doings-by the government, notably tin
crushing the strike last summer, and
supporting Winnipeg's autocratic iron
masters. Let the hon. gentleman come
to Vancouver and address a working
class audience, and his remarks will bc
mot with due appreciation.      ,
Seattle.—A strong fore* of
mounted police la urgently needed
In Alaska to combat "Bolshevism,"
Gov. Thomaa H. Riggs, Alaska,
told the editors assembled here ln
annual convention at the Washington Newspaper Institute. Biggs
told of the formation ln Alaska of
a "vigilance committeo" of 15
whose duty It was to flght "radicalism." Higgs called on his bearers
to flght the "radicals" with all tho
forco of their editorial typewriters.
EMPRESS
Phon. Seymoar 2402
NEXT WEEK
The Dramatic Sensation
"THE HOUSE OF
GLASS"
Featuring Margaret Marriott
IPS WONDERFUL
PANTAGES
A MBIT WEBK
TBD SHAWN'S DANCEBS
—IN—
"JVLVAE OF IBE SEA"
Other Big restores
If the Unionist Oovernment wants a
scrap as Hon. Arthur Meighen says, why
not go to the country. The electors are
just as anxious to have the scrap as the
government is, if the sayings of the man
on the street are of any value in judging
the opinion of the people as to the merits
of demerits of the present aggregation at
Ottawa.
Just Received
100 pairs of Carr's grey tweed pants. There is
nothing to equal them for hard wear. Price $9
per pair.
-ALSO-
100 dozen of Broncho Gloves, at per pair.....  65c
Men's genuine Horsehide Gloves, at, pair......$1.50
Men's heavy Sox, up from, per pair.   25c
Loggers' Shirts, double back and front, from $9
Oil Clothing of all kinds.
WORKING SHIRTS-I would advise you to
buy them now, as the price is going to Be very
much higher.   Our prices now run from $1.00.
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 CORDOVA STREET WEST
And 444 Main Street
AGENT POR HEADLIGHT OVERALLS,.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
limited
DENTISTRY
Hut supreme
touch of ftea-
tal skill OM
maku Uie difference.
OBOWN8, BBIDOES AND
FILLINOS made tke waa
•hade a* yonr own NATUBAL
TEETH.
DR. GORDON
CAMPBELL
Evenings by Appointment
Dental Nnrw ln Attendance
ORANVILLE STREET
Corner of Robson Street
Ovor Owl Drug Store
Phone Seymou 6938
WBAT DO TOO SAT WHEW TOW
AN8WBE TBS TELEPHONE?
If yoa work in a star, or .a ott.
ee, four Ambition is lo give service.
Wlifct do roa answer, wbea tke tele.
phone rings t Hello 1 Or, do yott an*
nounoe Uie name ot yonr Ann or tke
department I "Hello" oigaineo onlr
thet someone is talking. It entails
interrogation and results ia lose ot
time. Ie many eases, it ceases an-
noynnce. Wky not ba efflcioat aad
courteous I
BBITISH COLUMBIA TELBFBONS
COMPANY
THE    BROTHERHOOD    HOUSE
aas Abbott Street
SUNDAY, *  P.M. •
Central Men's Brotherhood
Live Subjects, Live Speaker* fer
Live Men
"WHAT OF TH   FUTURE?"
Speaker—MRS.    RALPH    SMITH,
u   p   p_
Soloist—MISS CAIRNS.
Doors Open 2:10 p-m.
Everybody Welcome
Blag ai Phpne Seymour ISM f or
•Vpolatout
Dr. W. J. Curry
.DENTIST
lilt* Ml DoMnion Building
VANCOUVER, B. a
DQBrAROITC!
INOOBFOEATED 1MI
Bank of Toronto
Aflseti over .
Deposits ..	
...$100,000,000
_t   79,000,000
Joint Saving* Account
A JOINT Saving! Account miy Im
opened at Th* Bank of Toroott
in the namo of two or mora
pwion. In then account! aftkar
party mar sign cheqoea or dapoaii
money. For tha different membera
of a famllr or a firm a joint account
U often a treat conveniens*. Interett
ia paid on balances.
Vancouvor Branoh:
Cetnet Baatingi aad Camilla Straatt
Branchei ttt
VleUite,   llarrttt, *«r Wertaiarfat
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
11«» (Merita street
Bunday tervlcao, U e-at, aat 1.00 ML
Sanday    achool    immediately    following
morning service,    Wednesday tottlmeniai
meetlnr,   S   p.m.   Frr"   -   "- -
»81.»0»   Blrki   Bldf,
COWAN t BROOKHOUSB
norma,   fublishebs.   sn
BE0TYPBB3   AVO   BOOKIHalM.
Union Offlflieli, write fer prlete.
tive SATISFACTION
We
OO TOP WAT TO BMTOT Hf|
fellow tta Orowd tf tkt
Patricia Cabaret
One block east ef Kmpress Tkeatra
—AND HKAIt—
MISS ULIJE BOSE, ASA
SUITB, B. LOVE and tkt BBL
Interpret tkt latest eons kite, teetotal ky Tke Bronte Jut Band
all HASTINOS STBEBT B.
Muelc, B p.in. to >
m J
p ii r e
64KINC
MM FRIDAY .February I
TWELFTH TEAR.    NO. 8,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA' FEDERATIONIST     vancootb», b, o.
PAGEHV*
Grocery Specials
For Week Oommenoing Friday, February 20th
6c
Cottom's Bird Beed, pkt. .llo
Coleman's Mustard 'A lb.
tin Hie
Coleman's Mustard, _ lb.
tins 450
Coleman's Mustard, 1 lb.
tins 10c
Libby's Asparagus
Soup per tia ...
Grape Nuts, per pkt. .... .110
Kellog's Corn Flakes, pkt llo
Shredded Cocoanut, lb ... 35c
Finest Largo Valen- in.
tia Raisins, lb    1I7C
Malkin's Baking Powder,22c
Dominion Matches, SOU'S
per pkt 8c
Dominion Matches, 800's
per pkt Sle
Fel's Naptha Soap, bar 11 lie
Royal City Tomatoes,
214 lb.
tin  	
Golden West Sow pkt. .SOo
Gem Lye, per tin  llo
Blue Point Oysters, tin Sic
White Swan Washing Powder
and Laundry ftw_
sonp  su I C
North Sea Sardines, tin .. lc
Jutland Sardines, per tin . lOo
Cadbury's Cocoa, tin ... .25c
16fc
13k
Quaker Corn, per tin ... .ISo
Sunlight Soap, per box . .SOo
Robin Hood Rolled   QB-
Oats, 4 lb. carton  «BV
Royal Household  Flour,  84
lb. sack 11.15
Five Rosea, 84 lb sk. ...LIS
Robin Hood Flour, (4 lb.
sack    1.6B
Australian Jam, 1 lb. tin .Ho
Carnation Milk
large tins .. J	
Maple Leaf Milk, tin ..—He
B.C. Pure Honey, bottle . .320
Fry's Pure Cocoa,  _ lb.
tin   SOo
Teco Buckwheat Pancake
T:...:. 13c
Christie's Soda Biscuits,
per tin   .;....Mo
Toilet Paper, per roll ... Bo
Concord Sardines, tin ...Mo
Lifebuoy Soap, per bar .. lo
Pacific Milk, tin WKO
Larke Bottles Del      AA.
Monte Ketchup .. a_V\*
Finest Spanish Sardines,
per tin 2*0
Del Monte Apricots, tin . .Mo
Kleanbrlte, per pkt .....llo
Ivory Soap, per bar lo
FRUIT DEPARTMENT
Finest No. I  Quality  Jon a- Finest    Chinese    Preserved
than   and   Home   Beauty        Ginger, special lb 41c
Eating    Apples,    delicious
flavor, 3 lbs. for  22p FlnMt Tab,e Plg8' extra sp8'
Finest Sunklst Navel Oranges,        clal, per lb 4»0
extra juicy, do*.  .....SSo BxtT_ L        Jul     0rMlgM,
Spltaenberg   Bating   Applea, .,    1     „  „   . «   ,
flne flavor, special,   3   lbs. s"nW« Brand' N° 1 ^
for 22c ity, per doz ...55c and 6i>c
GET  IT  AT  WOODWARD'S
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be consistent ud demand the Union Stamp on yonr boots ut
show. The following local Arms aro fair to Organlied Labor ul
an worthy of yonr patronage ud support:
J. Uoklt Co.. IM., 220 OamWe Stntt.
stirrer Beet Skep. 61 Otrttvt St W.—0«*wn MSkbg tad Bepairs.
W. 1. Heedt. 10 Water Street—Custom Maklni tad Bepairs.
MtcLacbUu-Taylor Co., S3 Cordova Street  West—Custom  tUklag
tad Bepalre.
Dunsmuir Beet Skep, 511 Bansasair Straet—Custom Making tod
Bepairs.
UNION REPAIR SHOPS
"Vedtltt" Sket Bepair Company. 1047 OranvUle Stmt.
WOattti Skot Bepelr Skep, 618 Bektea Street.
tt. B. Tkoms, 868 Klniswar.
Woods, Ltd., "K" Boot Skep, Oeriovt tod Btstingt Street West.
H. C. SptulllBg, 1871 rraeer Stnet, Seutk Vancouver.
0. B. Tone. 1489 Oemoitrcial Drtn.
F. Wells, 3761 Mala Stntt
r. Ftnlsen, 868 Broadway East.
Be progreertre, Mr. Shoe BeptKer, and get In touch with Secretary Tom Cory, UB Vernon Drive,
I   PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
"The Searchlight"
A Ltbor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the 0. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
SIX MONTHS FOB A DOLLAB
Send along your subicription to "The Searchlight,'
P. 0. Box 1608, Oalgary, Alberta
Rt
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED IBM
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets	
....$ 25,000,000
„..$ 16,000,000
-$ 17,000,000
....$460,000,000
590 branchei is Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
West Indiei.
Also branchei in London, England; New Tork City and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homor Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Cornor Granvillo-and Bobson Streots.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Cornor Cordova and Carrall Streeta.
Corner Oranvillo and Davie Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Avenue West,
1050 Commorcial Drive,
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street
-    2010 Yew Stroet.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Stroet,
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branoh and 25th Avenuo Branch,
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
SrEOIAL ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
Ono dollar opens an account on whieh intereat Is paid half-yearly
at current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vancouver Branch
a W. rBAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. OL
BI
Dr. Curry Says Bolshevism Thrust on Us
and We Accept
"The word Bolshevism hat boen
thrust upon us, and wa accept it
and call ourselves Bolshevists."
(Applause.)
This was only one ot many remarks which called forth prompt
and emphatic endorsement from
the large audience -whloh listened
to Dr. W. J. Curry's address tn
the Royal Theatre on Sunday—the
topio being, "Why Bolshevism
Wins." The Bolshevik captures at
Odessa, and Kolchak slain by his
own men, were other items that
were heartily applauded.
For e, time, the speaker admitted,
the fats of the world hod seemed
to be in the balance. If the revolution ln Russia had gone down,
it would have been a sad thing for
humanity.
"War, hate and misery, in a
world of such plentlous resources,
and when they all wished to see
happiness, were simply evidence of
a lack of. understanding, "I bave
long ago thrown aside any suoh
thing &0 blame. Heredity and environment are the sole factors that
made men what they are." There
was no place for censure and revenge in the SociaUst philosophy,
which was the most humane that
ever existed.
Tht prevailing ignorance had
been fostered in the school and
the church. The Bible was the
record of a barbarous, ignorant
people; and its precepts were based
on the idea of property. "Thou
shart not steal; thou shalt not
covet;" even classing the women,
along with the ox and the ass, as
property.
"We know that science has
fought a terrific fight, all through
the ages, against tlie church."
Against the theological doctrine of
fixity, science had taught that there
was perpetual change going on
throughout the universe. All material forms were ever changing;
and social systems changed too.
Vet thousands were still clinging to
the old myths; that was the reason thp world today was crawling
in misery.
The first of the four great social
systems this old world had seen
was communism, in which there
was no place for greed and the
word "stealing" had np meaning.
Then came chattel slavery, in which
man expressed his desire to live
at ease even at the expense of his
fellow creatures. Next was the
feudal system, In which the land
was the basic factor. This was
succeeded by modern capitalism.
"Today we stand at the deathbed of ■ capitalism—the most lm-
farnous system of slavery that has:
ever existed. We can help at Its
passing, and help to usher In the
new communism." As to being
called Bolshevists, Eugene Debs,
one of the sweetest natures that
ever lived, and now spending his
life in prison, had declared: "I am
a Bolshevist from the ctUwn of my
head to the soles of my feet."
^fnst of them knew that the present bystem had run Its course, and
that the next system would be
whnt they called collectivism or
Ifolshevlam.
As to why capitalism must go.
the speaker pointed out that while,
under former systems, the world
could consume Its own products,
today it was not so. The "balance
of trade" called for an excess of
exports over imports; It was impossible for every country to:
achieve this. Hence the present financial situation, suggesting a lot
of drunken men sliding down a:
toboggan-slide; and "Uncle Sam is
tied up to them In such a way that'
if they go, he goes." The demands
of the war had developed the sys-
was resounding with cries of distress. In the Old Country things
seemed to be moving very rapidly;
It would not be surprising If, in
a few months, the workers would
be able to sefzo the reins of power.
"We are the only patriots; we
believe in a good time all round.
The others would sacrifice hundreds of millions of lives for profit,"
Munitions had been sent to kill
the men, women and children of
Soviet Russia, because they had
thrown over the exploiting class,
They had published the secret
treaties, showing the real objects of
the war, and had repudiated thc
Cttar's debts to the Shylocks of
France; but the head and crown of
thoir offense was that they had
overthrown the ruling class of
Russia. For all the parasites to be
swept off was simply a "roign of
terror" (laughter and npplause).
Therefore the cry to exterminate
the Bolsheviki, It showed once more
how economic determination dominated tho ideas of right and
wrong.
On the other hand, the kindliness, wisdom and spirituality of
the Bolshcylkl were now being
widely attested by those who had
been among thom. "They don't
kill their enemies; they love them
and make friends of them." (Applause.) "They foed them throe
ttmes a day, and keep them reading nil the time." (Laughter.) "It
takes about three days to make a
Bolhsevllc out of a Canadian soldier," (Laughter.) The proletarian
dictatorship In Russia was vaBtly
more just than the capitalist dictatorship in Canada. "If a man
doeBn't work, he doesn't eat and
Jie doesn't vote." (Laughter and
applause.) The people In Russia
were going to extend their propaganda all over the world. The people here had got to do their share.
Ballard's Furniture Store
102*    MAIM    STREET
Fbone atyumir 2137
W. will oxehang. your second heal
fnrnltnro for new.   A squw. desl or
jour money  back.
(By Lewi* S. Gannett In Tile   '
Nation)
The Independent Social-Democratic Party ef Germany, meeting
ftt Lelpslg on December 6, voted
to leave the Second Internationale
and to Join the Moscow or Third
Internationale, and adopted a programme of notion declaring for the
Soviet system ae the basis for government ln Germany. The vote
mar!us the close of an evolution
which hae been ln process slnoe
the armistice. It puts an end to all
hope of fusion ot tke two great
Socialist parties of Germany, and
it Is a doath-blow to the Seeond
Internationale, and Involves a complete shift In the mond leadership
of Western Socialism.
It was on war-tim* Issues that
the German Socialist Party first
split—on questions of annexations
and Indemnities, of Alsace'
Lorraine, and of the voting of war
credits. The armistice seemed to
make possible a union of the two
chief groups. The Spartaclsts, led
by Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, despised the two old parties
equally, and formed a third, the
Communist Party, openly Bolshevist and frank ln its acceptance of
riotous tactics. The Independents
and tke Social Democrats, rejecting
mob methods, Joined hands ln a
coalition government which lasted
a scant six weeks. Noske's violent
methods of repression led the Ind*-
pendents to resign in December,
, Split on Soviets
Meanwhile the strugglo for exls<
tenoe of the Workmen's Councils
which sprang up on the heels of
the revolution was driving the two
Socialist parties farther and farther
apart The system of Workmen's
Councils,or Soviets haa been the
bone of contention in the German
labor movement for a year. It has
been as much a symbol ae a reality.
All over working-class Europe during the.past year there has been
one living issue: the Russian
Revolution. Those who supported
It have been lined up on one side;
those who opposed it, whatever
their stand on other issues, have
been forced Into the other camp.
The Independents supported lt, and
the inexorable fate which, with tho
aid ot the Peace Conference, has
been driving Europe to one extreme or the other, to reaction or
revolution, hae driven the .Independents nearer and nearer to the Bolshevist programme, and ^ the old
Social Democrats Into closer harmony with the .bourgeois parties.
The Independents, who had a
membership of 40,000 at the armistice, and have three-quarters of a
million dues-paying members today, have becomo the revolutionary
working-class party of Germany;
the Social Democrats have become
a shadow organization, holding
offices, but without power or mem-
ters.
Innocuous Plan
The Workmen's Councils wero
introduced somewhat anarchtcally
In tho hurly-burly of the November revolution. In those first
weeks whon the whole world Boomed tumbling about them, all parties accepted something of the
principle; the only question was
the method of election and the extent of power. For a time the
Greater Berlin Council disputed
with the coalition Commissars the
title to supremo power in revolutionary Germany; thun its claim
passed to a Central Council, which
surrendered to the National Assembly, tbe National Assembly announced that the council system
waa to be "anchored" In the Constitution, but It appears to be a
very Innocuous plan which, literally over dead bodies of Independent Socialists, has just been placed
npon the statute books.
Cannot Co-operate
Within the Councils the two par
tem in the Orient, Intensifying thew .„„._.,,.. ,_  ■
trouble; every part of the worldf*1_M_.hfTe found " lmP0Mlbte *• c°-
operate. The Independent faction
seceded from the Second Congress
of Workmen's Councils in April;
and the Social Democrats seceded
from tke Greater Berlin Council
when, tn July, they found themselves in a minority. Similar splits
have occurred ln Saxony and Westphalia. The Independents, led by
Ernst Daumlg and Richard Muller,
worked out their own eystem of
economic and political councils,
and began systematically to form
Betriebsrate throughout Germany
with. the workshop as the basis.
Despite raids on their headquarters
and imprisonment of their officers,
tlio work has spread to all the
larger Industrial centres. These
Councils are the hoart and hope
of the revolutionary movomont In
Germany today; they conduot the
strikes, and should there be an-
|-other revolution tn Germany, they
would assume control.
Without Lenders
Noske made lt a crime to carry a
Communist purty card in Germany;
and the murder of Liebknecht and
Rosa Luxemburg left that party
without leaders of national reputation. The Communists poured Into
the Independent party, tke next
most radical organisation, and
quite naturally the Independents developed sympathy for Noske's victims. The evolution of the Independent party, which has Just culminated at Leipzig, was accelerated.
New leaders have been coming
to the fore—Richard Muller, the
metal-worker, who led the protest
strikes In January, 1918, against
the Peace of Brest-Litovsk; Daumlg, former editor of Vorwarts
and the brains of the . councils
movement; Crlsplen, Minister of
Labor ln the flrst revolutionary government in Wurttemberg; Otto
Brass In the Rhonish-T^estphallan
region; Kurt Geyer and others ln
Saxony. Theso younger men and
not the pre-war veterans are now
tho effective leaders of the Independent party.
OM Party Discredited
Inevitably, in defending the councils system, the party has boen
forcod more and more Into har-
mony with the general Bolshevist
programme. The continuing misery In Germany a year after the
armistice, has driven the Germans
to extremos. The growing strength
ot the now military machine has
discredited the old Social Democratic party and Its policy of coall-
'tlon! and tbe decision to part com-ftuw »M>e to Swjtjer^pd to arrange
■pony with an lntsniatlon»!e led by
such men as Brantlng, Henderson,
Vanderyelde, and Albert Thomas,
all Cabinet ministers or former
ministers In coalition bourgeois
governments, has been thl natural
consequence.
The Bolsheviki hav* not always
regarded the Independents \ylfh
favor. In tht early days they condemned their half-heartedness and
recognised the Communists alone.
Personal resentment left by this
former condemnation is largely responsible for the peculiar form pf
the resolutions Anally adopted by
the Leipzig Congress. Three rese'
lutlons were presented. The flrst,
offered by Hllferding, disciple of
Haase and Kautsky, and editor of
the party organ, Die Frelheit, declared dissatisfaction with both
Second and Third' Internationales
and, without definitely seceding
from the Second, proposed a sort
Of Fourth Internationale, to restore
the unity of the proletariat of the
world. Stacker's resolution, supported by Daumlg, declared for unreserved adhesion to the Moscow
organization. Ledebour, recalling
Mb earlier excommunication by the
Bolshevist prelates, presented a
resolution breaking with the Second Internationale, but criticizing
the Moscow organization, and calling for a preliminary conference
which all Socialist partlea accepting the councils system and the
dictatorship of the proletariat, including those belonging to tbe
Third Internationale, could enter
"with  equal  rights.
Hllferding** proposal had no
support and was not even voted
npon; Stoeckor's was rejected by ft
vote of 170 to 111; and Lebedour's
was withdrawn, after long negotiations, in favor of a compromise
resolution prepared by Crlsplen.
This resolution, carried by a vote
of 227 to 64, is as follows:
Declares for Unity
"The Party Congress declares
that the union of the entire revolutionary working class into a single
revolutionary Socialist Internationale Is one of the most Important
tasks of the Independent Social
Democratic party. The first condition of an Internationale capable
of action Is uncompromising conduct of the working class struggle,
rejecting any policy of seeking to
a preliminary meeting. ■ The Left
Wing, which hat waged a long
flght to "purify" the party and rid
It of its anti-Bolshevist elements
Is openly triumphant. Tht party
executive, which has struggled to
maintain unity at the cost' of poj.
Icy, hai decide, io postpone until
the end of February the party Congress announced for January.
Frits Adler has already an
nounced that th* Austrlans will go
with the Independents. The whole
Left of the Berne Conference,
whloh blocked the passage of the
BrantIng-Mocdonald resolution con
demnlng tht Bolsheviki in the
name of democracy, will thus be
but ot the Seeond. Tht Spanish
party, which was ta session at tht
eame tlmt as tkt Leipzlf Conference, and voted a conditional adherence to tht Stcond Internationale tn tht hope of "purifying" It
of Its conservative elements, Is
surt to Join the Third. The German Independents, the Austrlans,
Italians, Swiss, French, Spanish,
and Norwegians, the Danish, Swedish, and Bulgarian Left Wings, tha
Ukrainians, Rumanians, Serbians,
and Greeks, with the Communist
fraction* In other countries, will
be tn tkt Third Internationale. IA
tht Second will be left only tht
pro-war Socialists of Germany and
the British and Belgian Labor parties, together wtth a few smaller
groups such a* the ministerial Socialists of Finland, Sweden, ben-
ihark, and Bulgaria, possibly
Fr»noh Right wing, and th*
Czeohs, Poles, and Georgians, Sim
how long British labor will be willing to remain In such a group is
doubtful. Their Congresses have
passed reiolutlon otter resolution,
and sent deputation after deputation to the Prime' Minister, demanding that Intervention in Russia
be abandoned. Within the British
labor movemont there has been a
strong tendency toward a shop
steward system bearing an obvious
resemblance to the Soviet system
in eastern Europe. The powerful
Triple Alliance has brought its influence to bear in thc Interest of direct action, although the official
party leadership has remained conservative and parliamentarian. Tet
even Arthur Henderson is too good
a politician to refuse a compromise
when expediency demands it
,HJW<ulue atlf kmwj   „t ^ ,0 v„     The Leipzig Conference marks a
obtain reforms within"the capitalist '"Thing point, not only In German
class-state. The Congress therefore Socialism, but In the whole course
decides to leave tho Second Inter- "l tn* Western labor movement,
natlonale, a step which excludes The raoral leadership of that move-
to'rtlclpaUon In the proposed Go-, """t, held baton the war by the
tii— Conference. The Independent 0»™»» s»cla' Democrats, and
Socialist party is In accord with the imiD° the war ** *• Brltis*
Third Internationale In the desire to Labor »arty' hu definitely passed
realizo Soolallsm by the dictatorship t0 M°8oow.
of the proletariat on the basis of
the. councils system.    A working-      Nlort,
$5.95
shoee.
Buys a pair of low heel tan
or black calf growing girls'
tfi AR Buy<l * paIr of ltdle9' blM*
90*40 kld Loull heel or browa
calf Cuban heel shoos.   Regular $9.00.
^ Prance.—An   hour-striko
jsioss Internationale capable of ac- by all the railroad workers here to
Ubh must be created by the union prote9t the unfair diacharge of ,
draur party with the Third Inter- unlon offlc[al WM Bi&m exh|,
rationale and with the social-revo- biUon of Ho]ldarityt The 8trlke be.
UH^W^iMortheothwcouB- gan upon tho refusal of tho local
IfifiL ™ere'on!' ^e Congrew in- 8Uperlntendent to make a fair In,
rihtett its Central Committee to ve8tiffaUon Int0 the caM of the ai8.
jptir Into negotiations with all cha>ged unlon mani anfl endfid -
^ese parties on he ba^is of he hour ]atw when me mivict enfi.
programme of action voted by the naer promIgelj juatlce, *
party, in order to bring about this	
union and so to make possible a ^^B^Bawi..——zssa e^'.""^*g
purely working-class Internationale
which, in the struggle of the working clasa for freedom from the
chains of International capitalism,
may be a decisive factor In the
world revolution, If the parties in
the other oountries do not agree to
enter the Moscow Internationale
with us the Independent German
party will have to enter alono."
Crlsplen President
In place of Oskar Colin, member
of the National Assembly, the Congress elected as President of the
party, Crlsplen, who has all the enthusiasm of a recent convert for
the pure councils system. For
vice-president, Daumlg, an avowed
Bolshevist, defeated Ledebour, the
veteran friend of Liebknecht. Tho
Programme of Action, In Its pro-
amble, developed the theory of the
councils, as organs of combat
while the capitalist regime endures,
as meeting places for the Instruction of manual and Intellectual
workers ln preparation for the
pneeessary temporary dictatorship
of the proletariat, and as Instruments for the transformation from
the anarchical capitalist economic
system to the methodical Socialist
economic system.
May Never Meet
The repercussions of the Lelpstg
decisions among Socialists generally were Immediate. Within three
weeks the executive committee of
the Socond Internationale, consisting of Arthur Henderson and Ramsay Macdonald of England, Jean
Longuot and Pierre Ronaudel of
Prance, and Camllle Huysmans of
Belgium, met at London and decided to postpone the proposed
Geneva Conference from February
to July. In all probability it will
never meet, Itl long Inactivity
during the period of the Peace Conference, when the Allied and Associated Powers wore unltod In the
attempt to crush the Soviet Government of Russia as they did the
Soviet Government of Hungary,
nnd discredited lt in the eyes of
Tabor everywhere. So long as it
was ths visible symbol of international working-class unity, however, the Socialist parties of Western Europe clung to it ln a forlorn hope that It might rise to the
level of Its task. The Italians were
the first to desert It by joining the
riewly-formed Third Internationale
of Moscow. Thp JJronoh voted to
stfit>- In the Second Internationale
in tlie hope of giving it an "orientation to the Left." The Swiss
piny, Hlto the Italians, refused
Sven to bo represented at the Conference of the second Internationale
held at Berne In February, 1919,
but by a referendum vote lt abstained from unconditional acceptance of the programme of the
Third. Tho Norwegians, Serbians,
and Oreeks joined tho Third Internationale before the Leipzig Conference; minority groups within the
Socialist parties of every country
did likewise.
Ma;,   Follow  German   Lead
Thoro is every indication that
the Fronch Socialists will follow
the German lead, even at the cost
of splitting thoir party. Jean
Longuet, leader of the party majority, haa Anally come out In support of tho German proposal, and
Frossard,  secrotary  of  tho   party,
Spencer's
In th* production ot these stalne speolal ottentlMhM b*m ftyft
to the making of an article which will hftm W*U*H* fmtjflr
ing, ROWS \o yrqperly preserve th* wood, th* ntct&uy bind^nj
tpi»lity to prevent bleeding or washing, and te the pro»»r co*.
bining of the pigment* w M to f__i/im «!»4W ft tfei* **>*
Will ripen with exposur* and UnproV* with tto. Voaj oro »M
Prints, but "STAINS." .Shingle* should b* "«ul»**.' nst paint**.
For on* coat, one gallon to 180 *tu*r* feat; tor •** dip MM, «W»
gallons to 1000 shingles. The** quantities **rr (lightly ac**rib
ing to the condition of the surfao* to bt stained. Old and ntatk*
er-beaten surface* may require mor*.
Shades ot Red. Brown, Tan, Blaek, OrW, (to, #g AA
per .-gallon tin .......,..,.,..,..„...    ?9*UU
Four shades of ar*en, * AAA
per gallon tin r......>, ,•„,•.i, 9*vUV
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
Conditions In New Westminster
Editor B. c. Federatlontat: Th*
following ts a copy of a letter sent
by T. A. Barnar _ to tbe president
ol the New Westminster Trade*
and Labor Council, owing to lt
haying been stated in the central
body that conditions in the Boyal
£ity were good:
Mr. Rees Morgan, ,
Sec. Trades and Labor Counoll,
New Westminster.
Dear Sir; A report appeared In
the local and Vancourer paper*
Thursday, Feb. 12, to the effect
that according to the local Trade*
and Labor Council, which met the
previous night, labor conditions
are apparently satisfactory, and
that there was at that time practically no unemployment. I thave
watched the papers mentioned expecting to see a contradiction, but
as it has not appeared to date, I
am sending you this letter.
* It might be Information to your
council to know that hundreds of
men are out of work In this district, while many others are working for less than 40c per hour. 'I
cannot 'conceive how the above
and other prevailing condition*
can be considered satisfactory by
any organisation supposed to function in the interests of the workers. I trust by drawing your attention to this report, your council
will issuo a report in harmony
with existing facts. Fraternally
yours,
T. A. BARNARD.
*mmi$imm*m*m
- Mr. J*cL»o4 and his *ub-contrao-
t«r* (MpKIJlejr * Johnaton) Spur*
proved themselves sympattlMl*
wfth th* union movement by Installing modern Improvement*
ft»th hMW, irr bou»e, *t$/ th»
bunk house*, {oo, are large and
roomy, one being entirely equipp**
with spring bed, and WttFWW
» luxury hitherto unknown tp tk*
l°tt*t.
Th* cook hous* tea I* being nm
In a vary satisfactory manner by
th* ladle* in oharge and tk* victual* ar* good class.
I hav* no hesitation about recommending thl* camp te th* lot-
Tour* truly, \
PHILIP t. HUBKETT.
Delegate No. .Ill,
ger.
Be McLeod's Camp
Editor B. C. Federationist: As
O. B. u. delegate at McLeod's camp
at Louis Creek, B. C, I beg to report that this camp 15, 100 per
cent, union, and consequently a
good camp for the logger who
wants to work.
The hours are eight per day and
the wages as per unton schedule.
Editor B. ft Fedarnijonlst! «r
—I would Ilk* to call attention t*
certain condition* that now extot
In connection with the plledrlving
now being done In camjp, and
would be pleased If you would Insert tbe following:
It ha* come to my notice tbat a
considerable amount 'of pile driving and brldgo work I* going on
ln aeveral of tha camps along th*
coast, whloh la being done by th*
men ln these camps, therefor* I
wish to draw the attention ot alt
members concerned, to please tak*
notice that our wage Male for same
1* f 7.M (seven dollars) for th* men
on deck: 17.GO (seven dollara and
fifty centa) for the boomman, and
18.00 (nine dollara) for the (era-
man per day ot eight hours, and
double time for all overtime, tre*
transportation both ways, and eight
hours' pay out of every 24 hour*
traveling time. And further tak*
notice that, unless you adher* to
thoes condition*, you at once would
become Instrument*. In destroying
those conditions whieh we fought
bo hard to establish and maintain.
I am resnectfuily youn tor fhe
O. B. U„
f. L. HEWITT,
Secretary.
Pa** th* Federationist along sad
help get new subscribers.
Don't forget OUB adv*rtia*n.
Paris' Reductions
MaEe These Your "Genuine
Saving Days"
SINCE you determine the price of a. shoe by the wear it gives, it paya
to buy Paris Brand. The aim of Paris has always been to produce
the best boots that can be made. No cheapening of making cost at the ex-
pense of durability is tolerated. We believe that for a long time you will
not have an opportunity to buy shoes at as low prices as we have marked
our shoes for this sale.
ABAC BuW *■ l"llr 0[ Patent leather
Vo.uo oxfOTd,   wlth
Louis heela  Regular 17.50-
$9.85
| Buys a pair of J. T.
Bell'* black kid or
brown calf boots.   Reg. to tie.
Child'* patent button and gun
metal button and lac* *boes.
Regular list,
now ...>
$2.20
Rtgular M.00 linen of child*
velour patent button and Don-
kola lac* shots.        An C{\
Sises 8 to 1014
Misses' velvet calt and patent
lac* ahoe*. Rtgular Ao OB
|M0. Sice* 11-IH   *0OtO9
Mimes' brown calf shoes. Plain
toes or with cap. Ao ng
Sizes U to 2H ...   mOeOO
REPAIRING-THAT DOUBLES THE UFE OF YOUR SHOES
$5.00
■ho*.
boya a pair of men's Chrome work
boots or a rtutde tos velour Ans
$5.95
Buys a pair  of men's Goodyeur
welt fino shoes on a broad filling;
$6.95
Buys a pair of brown or black calfskin boots,   Regular to $10.00.
Child's colored top classic shoes.
Sizes 2 to 5	
Boys' Grain bluchers.   Regular $4.50 lines,
sizes from 11 tn IIH*
now  t
$2.95
Boys' Chrome boots.  Heavy serviceable wearers.   Broken lines but all al^M       d»0   A^t
1 to 5H. at ■
Little Gents' boi calf bluchera. Strong sturdy
shoes.   Regular $3.50.
Blzes 8 o 1016  	
$2.60
$2,15*_^_^
Any Style Shoe Made to Order
P.PARIS
51 Hastings W.
Misse* white oik school shoes.      £yl   AA
Sizes 11 to 2 V_   .;   vIs^U PAGE SIX
twelfth tear. no. .    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    VAKcormw, _ o.
FRIDAY February 80, ItiO
The Troubles of Imperialism
Much European news Is likely tof barous methods.   Now news agen-
centre around the Caucasus moun- ]
talni for some time to come. The
great world drama of the, armed j
gtruggle against Soviet Russia has
reached that point. Odessa, the
treat port of the Black Sea, has
been entered by the Soviet troops
and Denekin has only a few S&t-j
ttrgg bapds left between that
point and the Caspian Sea.
The Caucasus becomes the centre of Interest because south of
that barrier Is the Mohammedan
world, ruled for the most part by
England In a state of abnormal
unrest Already Enver Pasha, for-
mer Turkish minister of war, has
an army ln Northern Armenia
fighting pro-British elements and
taking advantage of the popular
feeling against foreign rule. Britain thus faces a strange mixture of
hostility—patriotic elements, Communist elements and religious fanaticism, all of which the Soviet government of Russia can well afford
to stimulate. With revolt against
England from Tibet to Egypt, the
Soviet government might well be
able to protect itself from Japan
on the east and the Allies, through
Poland, ln the west.
First reports that England would
■end an army to the Caucasus to
prevent these two hostile forces
from getting together have been
denied. Temporarily England
claims to be relynig on strengthening Georgia and the new Tartar republic of Azerbaijan which He
across the road to her Moslem territory. But Georgia, with her 2,-
#00,000 people, groans under a junker landlord system and the Tartar
republic Is a German creation. The
two look like weak supports for
John Bull.
Not so long ago the United
States was urged to take a mandate over this seething territory
from Constantinople to the Caspian
Bea and may yet accept it, lf our
Imperialists have their way.
While England Is having anxious
days 'over her Moslem empire, Japan in the extreme Eaet appears
to be havingg similar imperialistic
troubles, in recent months she
has put down a somewhat theoretical, idealistic move for Independence among the Koreans by bar-
cfes report bands of Korean rebels
forming in Chinese territory and I
attacking Japanese garrisons. At
one point 300 out of a garrison of
700 Japanese ai'e reported killed.'
Popular uprisings are also reported In the Isl&n3 of SaghaMen, for-1
merly Russian territory, Just north I
of Japan. j
What makes these Incidents the'
more significant Is the fact that
the Bdlshevlk armies are not within hundreds of miles of the trouble
areas. At most the Soviet troops
have got as far as Irktusk. And
yet all Siberia to the east of that
point revolted when the defeat of
Kolchack and his Japanese support
became known. Revolutionary
forces, took Vladivostok recently,
leaving Allied contingents favoring
Kolchack far Inland.
It Is obvious, therefore, that
these latest troubles spring from
local causes and must become more
Intense for Japan as the Soviet
troops get further eaBt. War conditions, in the meantime, have
turned considerable of the 'public
opinion of Japan against imporlall-
Istlc policies.—-Butte Bulletin,
WAS RECENT BLOODPEST
WAB TO END WAR?
If So Why Spend $200,000,000 to
Keep Military Machine
in Operation
London—Edwin Montagu, British secretary of State for India, announced in the House of Commons
that the cost of the British military
operations against Afghanistan and
all connected operations on the
northwest frontier of India amount
to 170,000,000, and that this
amount would be borne by the In.
dian revenues.
The military budget in India for
1920 was originally set at $206,000,-
000, but the governor general has
the power by special ordinance to
appropriate any additional sum
which he deems necessary. For
improvement of agriculture, the
budget is only $484,500; for irrigation, $2,000,000, while for education it is $1,888,388.
I MS
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Vancouver Unions
TASCODTIB TBADES AMD LABOB
OOUHCIL—Pmld.nt, T. R. Mldll.yi
vlM.pmM.at, J. M.r.h.11; secretary, J.
X. Cmpb.ll; treasurer, J. Bh.lt; ser-
MSUHm E. King; trustees. W. A.
ntMk.ri, J. 8. Hereon, J. II. C'l.rk, A.
_ Wlhoe/ 	
ALLIED   FJUNTIK8   TRADEB   CODS-
ell—Hmu   .eeond   Ueelay   la   Ik.
aeath.    Praildent, J. F. McConnell; .sc*
Trtar,, R. H. M.el.njs, P. O. Boa eg.
E£
-UDQg STHDOTDBAt, tJ»NAMENTAL
tad Btinforced Ironworkers, Local 07
£-MmIi leeoad tad foarth Motdtys.
fnsidtit Ju. BMtlagi; tutorial see-
ntary tad tmnrer. Boy Mmm ««, loon
ill Labor Tomplo.
■JKJTRIC'AL WOBKEBS. LOOAL Ho.
«»—*-••** tt 440 Pouder Stroet
_fHi, evory Hotday, B bjb. Proii-
*Mt, H. H. Woodilde. 440 Pender W.;
neordlng •tmltry. J. Murdock, 440 Pen-
Car Slroot Woat; Bitnotal socretary tad
HiImii tffeol. t H. MorrliOD. 440
»  t,rB ' uatatut *****t*ITt
-   IOI1IMRB AM)  MILL WORKERS—
MUnll ef tta O. B. U.—Ueetinka ovory
M««ay, 7:>0 o.m., Ubor Templo.   Pre.
Omt, r. L. Haiti leeretary-treaittrer,
. A. Alexander, Boom 910, Ubor Tom-
'    theae, floyaoar mo.
aMttt
ten
llOTKL AMDRESTAURANT ZUb
vkyMO, Local M—Meeta every iriS
Wodnesday la tho month at 8:80 p.m.
Wd ovary third Wednesday la tho month
« • p.«. Prosldent, John Cumratngi,
•aentary and bnalaen agent, A. Graham.
Mao and mooting hall, 014 Fender St.
Phono Soy. "1811.'
Offlco hoan, 8
BPteenational jiwblby Work-
on' Union—Moots 2nd and 4th Frl-
dtyi, SOS Lahor Temple. Preildent, W.
Wllion, 3389 Oranvillo Street; iecretary,
B. T. Kelly, I860 Hutlngi St. E.; re-
aordlni-Hflretary, L. Holdiworth, 089—
14th St. W., Borth Vancoow. __
iUMBER .WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
Ualon af tto Ono Big Union—Affiliated
Witt B. C. Federation of Ubor tnd
TtnoeiTor Tradea tnd Ubor Conncil—
Aa ladnitrlal naion of til workeri In
bftiac aad HMtractloa eimpi. Head*
taarten, 01 Cordova Street Wut, Taa-
warn, B. C. Phona Sey. 7864. E.
Wlach, leeieury-treuurer; legal adfll-
en. Moun. Bird, Maedonald k Co., Van-
net, B. 0.; aadlton, Mum. ButUr
Chloae, VancoaTir, B. C.
fori
_ TEBNATIOKAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Aiioclatlon. Local 38-52—Office and
htll. 004 Pender Stnet Wut. Meeti flnt
and third Frldayi, 8 p.m. Secretary.
treasurer, Thomu Nixon; bullous agent,
later Siaclair.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Bnteher Workmen'! Union No. 643—
Meeti flnt and third Taeidayi of each
moath, Ubor Temple, 8 p.m. Preildent,
John Stark; financial iecretary and busineu agent, T. W. Andenon, 687 Homer
Btreet.
MINE, MILL AND SMELTER WORK-
on' Unit of the One Big Union, Metal-
llferom Minen—Vanconver, B. C, headquarters, 61 Cordova Street Weit. AU
workers engaged In this Industry are
arged to Join the Union before going on
the job. Don't wait to be organised, but
organise younelf.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OP
North America {Vancouvor and vicinity)—Branch meeti eecond and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Banter, 818 Tenth Avo. North
Vanconver; financial secretary, E. God-
dard, SSO Richards Street; recording eeentary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phono High. 2204H,
foiPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Putenen, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
Sertei 6—Meats tho 2nd and 4th Frldaji
ef the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Pnaldent, William Maylor; financial secretary and busineu agent, H. Pbelpi;
correspond in it seeretary, W. Lee. Ofllce,
Room 307 Libor Temple,	
Ijtreet and electrio railway
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. O. P. Hill, Mount Pleiunt,
lit and Srd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Bigby; recording
aeeretary, T. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenne
Bait; tnwinr, P. Sidaway; flaanelal
uwetary and business agent, W. H, Cot
trell, 4808 Dumfries Streot; office corner
Prior and Main Sta. Phono Fair. 1004 B.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 2!i0—
Meeti last Snnday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. 8. Thomson; vice-
preiident, C. H. Collier; eecretary-treuorer, R. H. Neelands, Box 06.
Provincial Unions
B. 0. FEDEBATION OP LABOR—Meeta
in annual convention ln January. Ex-
entlva offlcen, 3918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Ubor Temple, Vaneonver;
vice-preildents—Vancouver Ialand: Com*
berland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo, Caiey; Vancouver,
W. B. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Weatminster, Geo. HcMurpby; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberta; Crow'i
Nest Pan, W. B. Phillips, Fernio, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8.
Wells, Ubor Temple, 401 Dunsmuir Bt*
Vanconver, B. O.	
VICTORIA, fl. Q. -
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADEB
and Ubor Connell—Meeti flnt tnd
third Wedneidiyi, Knights of Pytblu
Hall, North Park Stnet, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodtworth; vice-president,
A. O. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. Q. Box 803, Victoria, B. Q.
PRINOE BOTEBT, B. O.
PRINCE BUPERT CENTRAL LABOB
COUNCIL, O. B. U.—Meets every eecond and fourth Tueidiy ln the O. B. U.
Hall, corner Sixth avonuo and Pulton
itreet, at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all O.
B, U. memberi. Secretary-treasurer, D.
8. Cameron. Box 217, Princo Rupert, B.C.
Pbone Sey. 321     Dtj ot Night
Noun, Thomion ft Ole;;
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
6S1 Homer St  Vanconver, B. O.
AGENTS WANTED
'BEW   HEAT   WITHOUT   OOAL   OB
WOOD"
PBIOE $15.00
AGENCIES   OPEN
225 West Notn Damp Street, Montreal
DRUGLBSS HEALING
If yoa hare failed to got results olio-
whoro, try Dr. W. Ut Holder, D.C, the
Worken' doctor. Special adjustments,
diet, all methods of drugless healing applied. No. 74 Fairfield Bldg., Cor. Granville ond Pender Streets, Phone Sey. 8533
BUSINESS CHANCES
AN ESTABLISHED MANUPACTUK-
Ing company wants a capable man
tn every town to open branch office
and manage salesmen, $300 to $1,600
necessary. Handle own 'money, should
make $5,000 yearly. Prospective sales
tn every home. Expenses to Montreal
allowed when yoa qualify. Sales Manager Walker, 225 Wut Notre Dame Street,
Montreal.
It Economical The Coupon* whicb
tl carriea-.redeemable for usefil
article! -- are a furthar economy.   .
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES UMITE%afo,
The Common Sense of Coercion
Has  Now  Reached  the
Stage of Judicial
Murder
H. N. Brallsford, writing to the
Manchester Guardian has the following to eay on the White Ter-
rorMn Hungary:
Tour correspondent who was lately In Budapest warned us what
to expect in the way of barbaric
repression from the triumph of the
"Whites" ln Hungary. They began
by burning 15,000 books out of the
University Library, and went on
to the wholesale massacre of prisoners suspected of Communism.
They have now reached the stage
of Judicial murder.
The plan seems to be, on one
fantastic charge or another, to execute anyone who held offlce, even
as a minor civil servant, under the
late Socialist government. The victims are publicly hanged, and tickets are distributed to those who
may wish to enjoy these amuse
ments. At least 25 capital sentences
of this kind have already been carried out. I have before me, in the
"Pester Lloyd" of Decembor 20,
the official report of tho second
batch of sentences. A literal translation of some of them is worth
giving, for they must be unique
in the history of civilized justice:
"Otto Korvln-Klein, 25 years of
age, bank employee, Is guilty of
the crime of murder as instigator
In three cases, since, as an ofliciul
of the Soviet republic, he contributed to the condemnation of Dr.
Johann Stencsjel and his associates
In the counter-revolutionary attempt to overthrow the unlawful
authority of the Communists, inas.
much as he appeared before tho
tribunal, and further, ln the presence of the condemned men, con
versed with Alexander Krammer
concerning'the details of the execution, and thus through his intervention and his behavior
strengthened the murderers in
the premeditated crime. He Is also
guilty of the crime of Infringing
the personal liberty of the subject
In six cases, because thc revolutionary tribunal composed by his
agency robbed the- pardoned counter-revolutionaries of their freedom for a considerable time.
One need know no details about
this Dr. Stenczel, who was evidently executed with two others, for an
attempt to overthrow the Soviet
government. One may deplore such
sentences, though they are not In
any country unusual. This very
young man however, had not responsibility for this act of severity
He gave evidence before the court
(If that is what "appeared before
It" means), and afterwards conversed about the executions. The
latter part of the sentence It still
more scandalous. A friend of mine
who knew him well writes from
Vienna that Korvln-Klein was an
ardent Idealist who worked hard
to frustrate the doings of the little
terrorist group under the Com
munist regime, and succeeded in
saving many lives. He ts now actually condemned to death because
In six cases he helped to get
capital sentence commuted to one
of Imprisonment.
The next sentence, on Dr. Eugen
Laszlo, aged 41, advocate, Is equally remarkable. He is sentenced to
death for murder because he
present and nodded assent" when
the president of the revolutionary
tribunal appointed one Ctoerny to
preside over the court which was
to try this same Dr. Stonessel, So
the sentences go on in case aftor
case. Anyone who had any eon
nection, however humble, with the
courts set up by the Communists
Is held, since he supported the sys.
tem, t0 be constructively guilty of
murder.
Day by day the Viennese papers
report these and similar horrors.
The "Arbeiter Zeltung" of December 17 gives the full text of the
official report of the sheriff (himself a "White") of the massacre 0f
62 suspected Communists near
Kecskemet, half of whom had been
released as innocent, while half
were awaiting trial. In spite of
his resistance two "White" officers
with warrants from their superiors,
took command of the gaol, flogged
tho prisoners with wire whips, and
then hanged them in a wood. Tho
gravest part of this story Is that
tho sheriff of Kecskemet had given full and timely warning to the
ministry at Budapest of what these
Iwo officers were planning; lt allowed the massacre to take place
With full knowledge. The "Arbleter
Zeltung" mentions several similar
cases.
Hundreds of these suspected Socialists are awaiting trial. Hundreds more, against whom no
"crime" can be alleged, are intern.
ed In a ruined barracks, with no
glass ln Its windows, awaiting death
by hunger and cold.
The Huszar-Friedrlch ministry
exists only through the "recognition" of the Allies, We are about
to make a formal peaco with it.
It could not continue these practices if one firm word were spoken
by our government. That word, if
we mny trust the news from Vienna
It has formally refused to speak.
REACTIONARY GOV'T
is Re-elected
The New Zealand Government Is
Returned to Power
The results of the New Zealand
elections, which took place on December 17 last, show that the reactionary Massey - Government,
which Imposed conscription on the
New Zealand workers during the
war, haB been re-elected. The
state of parties is as follows: Conservative (Massey Party), 45; Liberal, 20; Labor, 11; Independents,
4. The Labor Party gained four
seats, and the Liberals suffered a
crushing defeat—several of the ex-
Liberal ministers, Including Sir
Joseph Ward (an ex-Prime Minister), being defeated at the polls.
Like Australia, the New Zealand
people, for some strange reason,
voted for reaction, and will doubtless get plenty of it during the next
three years.
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. It is un to you to support them..
(From the New Statesman)
Every one, It appears, is Inexpressibly shocked by the story of
the Amrltsar massacre. And Indeed the crude horror of ths picture presented by General' Dyer
himself, in his evidence before
the Hunter committee, would be
hard to match. even amongst' 'the
most appalling incidents of ' the
great war. Ten minutes' steady
rifle flre at close quarters upon a
great crowd of unarmed and unresisting men and women, resulting in about 600 people being killed and another 1500 being wounded and left to groan where they
laf fur a day and a night—neither
the Germans ln Belgium nor. the
Bolsheviks in Russia were ever,
we believe, accused of any act
quite so horrible. No doubt, Gen.
Dyer declared, that Incident was
calculated to "make a wide impression throughout the Punjab."
It was a very thorough piece of
frightfulness — too thorough, apparently, for the stomachs of even
the fiercest of Hro-eatlng Imperialists In this country, for no attempt appears to have been mado
lo defend it in any quarter.
Condition of Rulo in India
But thought the fact that Gen.
Dyer finds no apologists over here
may be In one sense a matter for
congratulation, in another it has a
somewhat disquieting significance.
For lt surely indicates a very
widespread failure to appreciate
the conditions of our rule In In
diu. In Anglo-India where those
conditions are comprehended and
accepted, Gen, Dyer, we have no
doubt, will find not only plenty of
apologists but plenty of wholehearted champions who'will maintain that by his decisive actional
a critical moment he saved the
whole British Raj, or at least
averted a tragedy that would have
involved scores of thousands
stead of only a few hundreds of
lives. And it is important that the
Anglo-Indian point of view should
be understood. To treat the incident as a unique outrage due to
the accidental presence on the
spot, and In temporaryfly supreme
authority, of a peculiarly brutal
type of soldier, ]g to overlook Its
real significance. It la true that
certain details brought out at the
inquiry seem to indicate that (Jen.
Dyer is a man of exceptionally insensitive temperament. His repudiation of responsibility regarding
the wounded and his stupid
crawling" order, will not, wa,Imagine, be defended even in. India.
But stripping the story of" these
details—and though they ' .have
dono much to movo English 'jrtjblic
sentiment, they are ■essentially
only details—what Oen. Dy£r'did
Is probably no more than" what
nine Indian army officers thlt1 of
ten would have done in the1 saime
circumstances, provided the&'lkad
the courage. And the tenth would
have acted otherwise as the'result
of the possession of a cooler 'Intelligence rather than or'toiDre
humane sentiments.
Approved of Actions
Consider tlie position. A ■ large
partof Northern India was seething with sedition. Violent outbreaks were occurring simultaneously In widely separated districts,
There had been fighting in Delhi
and Lahore. Officials had been
murdered. Systematic attempts at
various points to wreck trains,
seize railway Ktalions and sever
telegraphic communications, conclusively showed the existence of
a widespread and welt-organized
revolutionary plot, behind which
loomed the terrifying spectre of
"Bolshevism." in Arm!tsar itself
a bank had been attacked, looted
and burnt, two bank managers
had been killed, the town hall
had been burnt, a Mission station
had been raided, an Englishwoman had been beaten almost to
death and the city was practically
fn the hands of the rioters. Such
a state of affairs had never been
known in India since the days of
the Mutiny and many men believed that the British Raj was
face to face with a second mutiny
on, perhaps, an even larger scale.
Gen. Dyer was called in by the
civil authorities to restore order.
He promptly proclaimed martial
law—a proceeding which was
probably in excess of his technical
powers, but was not otherwise unreasonable In the circumstances—
and forbade meetings or assemblies In the streets. He caused an
order to this effect to be proclaimed in all quarters of the olty and
himself took an energetio part in
making lt known. A few hours
later, however, he heard that in
defiance of the order a crowd of
5000 people had assembled and
was being harangued by an "agitator." There were only a hundred British and 200 native soldiers fn the city. The lives of the
tiny European colony depended oh
Gen. Dyer; and if visions of
Cawnpore and the Black Hole of
Calcutta rose before his eyes, who
are we, in the safety of London,
to say that those visions were
mere Idlo Imaginings? When
white men believe that while women under their protection, j tn
the midst of a huge colored population, are In danger there are
very few Bteps they will shrink
from In their defence. That Is a
fact of human nature, not a peculiarity of Gen, Dyer's. Gen.
Dyer decided upon a step of extreme severity in order to save the
situation; he saved It, and we do
not suppose that a single white
man who was in the city at tho
time condemned him for th'e excessive brutality of the means he
adopted. The resident civil commissioner evidently acquisced, and
the Lieut-Governor of the Province subsequently telegraphed his
approval.
Hold India By Sword
Needless to say, we have set out
the. facts In this manner not In or-
dar to defend Gen. Dyer's action
or to minimize the horror of the
massacre, but rather as a protest
against the Idea that the British
public can oscape its responsibility
in the matter by denouncing this
particular officer as a criminal and
demanding his punishment. Fundamentally, the Amrltsar massacre
was merely a corollary of the
conditions of British rule In India.
If General Dyer had not been
there to firo upon thd crowd some
other soldier would have done It.
Another man might have boen
content to kill fewer people, and
f might   have   concerned    himself
with the  subsequent   care  of  the
wounded, but almost certainly in
the circumstances   he would have
shot and shot to kill.    The truth,
which cannot and must not' be ignored or evaded, is that we hold
India by the sword and rule her
by fear.    There is no other way
by which a population of 800,000,-
can be governed by a handful of foreigners.    The justice of
the British Raj and  the  benefits
which tt has conferred on the Indian  population are  not  here  in
question.   The Indian people may
be foolish, very unappreclative of
the disadvantages and dangers of
any   practicable   alternative, -but
they do not want British rule and,
at bottom, nothing but force Induces them to submit to  It.    We
hold India by the sword and as
long as that Ib true, we must be
prepared to use the sword ln an
emergency—or go.    We  may,  by
wise government, contrive to keep
It in Its sheath for'half a century,
but   when   the  emergency  arises
there   must  be  no   hesitation   in
drawing lt;   and  sooner  or  later
the emergency is bound to arise.
Gen. Dyer's view Is that by shooting 500 people he averted the necessity of shooting perhaps 50,000
In   the   course   of   suppressing
general   rising   in   the   Province.
And whb Is to say that that view
Is Incorrect?    The  essential   and
governing fact Is that the British
administration In India is attempting to rule a nation or a number
of nations against their will; and,
having accepted the responsibility
for   that   attempt,   we   at   home
have   no   right   to   hold   up   our
hands in horror of those who do
the dirty part of the job-for us,
Force ts Force
The  moral of Amrltsar  is  not
that a particular soldier Is a very
brutal  person,   but  that  force  Is
force and that It is both useless
and dishonest to pretend that it is
anything else.    We are  certainly
not prepared to say that England
ought never to have taken India
and   held  It as she  has held  it,
still less o'f course that she ought
now to abandon precipitately the
responsibilities which she has assumed   and   accumulated   in   that
vast  Empire,    But where we are
manifestly at fault is In our failure to Introduce democratic Institutions    concurrently    with    the
spread  of democratic  Ideas.    We
cun rule our African dependencies
— Nigeria, for example — without
massacres,   because   the   Nigerian
population  has not absorbed and
Is not  yet  ready  to   absorb, the
doctrines of Mill and Mazzini.   But
In India the danger of our being
forced to use the sword Increases
with   every   year  by   which  self-
government  is delayed.     It  is  a
danger   which   must    be   frankly
faced.   If there should bo signs of
a rising next year in some other
part of India there will  have to
be   more   shootings.     But   when
these unfortunate necessities arise,
we must not attempt to throw the
blame on  the  man  on   the spot,
even   though   his   judgment   may
have erred, but accept It ourselves
and do what can be done to hasten   the   application   of  the   only
possible  remedy.    Mr,   Montagu's
Act is a great step forward,  hut
It ts only a beginning and it comes
a decade late.   If lt hod been passed , ten years ago and  had  been
developed with all practical speed
by   subsequent   measures   leading
towards self-government, it Is probable that the Amrltsar massacre
would never have oeourred.    But
we  can  see no  other  means  by
which   this   Incident,   which   has
stained our national reputation In
the   eyes   of   the   whole   civilized
world,   could   have   been   surely
averted.
Cannot Define Limits
Once a policy of coercion Is
adopted it is impossible to define
its limits. To suppose that ft can
be conducted on liberal and humane lines Is a sentimental illusion, Its character Is determined
not by the government which coerces, but by tho people who are
coerced. The ruled can drive the
rulers to any excesses they please.
That is the essential vice of coercion. Applied to a nation which
is politically conscious and awake
It Is not the vindication but the
negation of government. The pro
cess may be observed in Ireland at
this moment. The Irish executive
Is powerless not only to govern
the country, but even to determine
Its own act. It Is being led willy-
nilly Into all sorts of Indefensible
extravagances. Whether the "Liberal" Mr. Macpherson, in the
course of the next few weeks or
months, will be using machine-
guns In the streets of Dublin depends not at all upon his views or
his own political principles but
simply upon whether the Sirin
Fein leaders consider tt advfsable
or not to Invite such a measure.
The coerclonist—unless, of course,
he Is prepared to surrender—can
shrink from nothing and deter
mine nothing. If his victims
choose that he shall act like
Czar, a Czar he must become. In
they wish to be Imprisoned wholesale he must imprison them
wholesale. If they wish to be
massacred he must massacre them.
Coercion, In however mild n form
it may originally be adopted, implies the absolute abandonment of
every principle of freedom or democracy. It is the rule of the
sword and the most brutal excesses of the sword are Implicit In
It from Its very beginning. Having admitted It—Inevitably—as the
foundation of our rule tn India we
cannot evade responsibility for Ub
consequences by making scapegoats of our General Dyers.
UNION STORE
Roms.—A motion ln the Italian
chamber that all diplomatic papers
be made publio was defeated, although the entire Socialist bloc
voted for It. Premier Ntttl and
minister of foreign affairs Scialoja
vigorously opposed this move.
Leipslc, Germany.—The constant
rise of the Independent Socialist
Party is marked by the Increase In
membership and the number of
party organs. The party now has
more than 750,000 dues-paying
members and 66 daily papers, covering every section of Germany.
Luxembourg—The Socialist Party
here has declared for affiliation
with the third (Moscow) International, and the early establishment
of workmen's councils "capable of
exercising power at the moment of
decisive action by the International."
Brussels.The great strike of the
ooal miners in the Charleroi basin
ts over, with victory In the hands
of the miners. A government commission, which included the ministers of labor, Industry and food
supplies, granted the demand of
the miners for a raise of two and
one-half francs.
Mexico City.—Public Indignation
has been aroused In the state of
Yucatan at the burning of the Socialist Party headquarters at Yucatan by a group of masked men. In
spite of fast work by the fire department and federal troops, most of
the records and documents In the
building were lost. Several similar
attempts have been made ln other
towns In the province by outlaws.
Chicago Bakery Drivers' Local
734 has signed an agreement with
the Master Bakers' Club which
affects 700 members. They will receive $32 a week as a minimum
wage, with 7 per cent commission
over $325 worth of business. Tho
former scale was %H with 7 per
cent, commission over $225.
Paris.—Simultaneously with the
move on the part of Republicans tn
the chamber to withdraw the right
of labor to strike, the mayors of all
the towns In France have received
orders from the minister of the Interior to send a list of the union
membership. Labor forces see In
this an attempt on the part of the
unpopular government to measure
the strength of Its adversary, labor.
Says Bill Lloyd: "The League
of Nations don't seem to be a self-
starter and, If I was a bettin' man,
I'd wager that it would have a flat
tire even before the Bolsheviki
monkey with the Ignition."
Berlin—At the recent municipal
elections In Elbing, an industrial
city of 60,000, the Independent Socialist Party returned 29 out of 60
seats In the council, while tbe majority Socialists secured only five.
Eight other parties took part In
the contest, and together elected
the remaining 26 aldermen. The
Lelpziger Volksblott ascribes the
success of the Independents chiefly
to the fact that they have a vigorous dally paper, which circulated
widely among the workers in the
torpedo boat and machine shops.
Bale, Switzerland.—A wave of
strikes has swept Germany, due to
the increasing cost- of living, A
general1-strike has been called at
Eisenach by the employees of
banks, commerce and Industry. In
tho western provinces a railway
strike paralyzed transportation.
Tho Magdenburg insurance solicitors havo gone on strike.
Turin.—At the congress of trade
unions held recently it was decided
that the factory councils now being Introduced here should be
made the basis for the development
of Soviets—I.e., councils of workers, soldiers and peasants,
Cleveland. An     open     shop
league or a manufacturers' association on the lines of the gunmen-
employing, strike-breaking western
organizations is to be organized In
this city soon, according to several
prominent business men. Manufacturers arc being solicited by independent agents with a view to concerted action ln refusing to sign
agreements with unions.
Detroit—Great enthuisasm marked the flrst Michigan convention of
the National Labor Party here.
SalonikI—Several railroad strikers have been sentenced to death
by courts-marital established In
Bulgarian towns to try men Identified with strike disorders,
Havana, Cuba.—The railway
workers have rallied to the side of
the transport workers of Cuba,
who have been on strtko several
weeks, and have also gono on
strike. As a result, the transportation system of Cuba ia completely   paralyzed.     The    government
Abrams the Tailor
• IP ABRAMS MAKES THEM
THEY ARE CORRECT
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
63 CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B, O.
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymonr 056
Repairs Done While Yon Wait
threatens to declare martial law in
order to break the strike.
Paris.—Great indignation has
been aroused ln France over the
refusal by frontier authorities to
permit Serratl, famous Socialist
leader of Italy, to enter the country. Serratl and Deputy Graziadel,
planning to visit the French So-
calllsts, went to the French consulate at pome, and had their passports promptly vised. They were
halted at the border, however, and
Serratl sent back,
Milwaukee.—Eighteen men of the
reportorial and editorial staff of
the Wisconsin News, who went on
st.Vke following the refusal of
Business Manager M. L. Annen-
berg to grant them a 33 1-3 per
cent. Increase in pay, were replaced
by 20 strikebreakers from the other
Hearst newspapers throughout the
country.
Stockholm.—Metal workers or
strike hero have warned their employers that hatred against those
who drove them Into strike had
become so widespread that the outlook for the future is grave.
Seattle.—A string of labor news
papers, labor banks and labor fo-
operative enterprises stretching
from coast to coast will be an ac
tuallty wlthdn the near future, ac
TWENTY-FIVE BULLION
DOLLARS FOB CO-OPS.
Development Bonds Being lamed j
By British Co-operative Wholesale Society
(By the Federated Press)
LONDON,—A development fund]
of  $25,000,000 is being raised by]
the Co-operative Wholesale society ]
by a bond issue.  Retail co-operative societies, trade unions, work-1
ers; clubs, and individuals.
The wholesale society, which Includes growers, Importers manufacturers and distributors of ths
necessaries of life exists, as Its
leaders say, "for the advancement
of the control of capital by ths
people for the people through the,
co-operative principle."
cording to Frank A. Rust, Seattli |
labor's financial expert,   who  I
returned from an extended visit In |
the east.
Seattle.—In attempts by ths po-1
lice of the city to suppress Ths |
Forge, organ of the Worksrs, Soldiers and Sailors' Council, the newi j
»tand of the O'Haiirahan brothsn 1
has been raided, and five vsndon |
of the paper arrested.
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OOLLIS LOVELY, General President—CHAS. L. BA1NE, Generil Scc-Treu.
It Is this way, Henry; now that
the Allies need Russian flax and
wheat and con sell our machinery,
the yellow press Is about to discover that the womon of the Soviet were never nationalised. Russian morals, common, Is due tor &
rise on Wall Street.
Beattle—Privately owned newspaper.! In this city have made
much ot the fact that the Master
Builders Association has given a
"voluntary Inerease" of 50 cents a
day to carpenters. Investigation
by tho local bureau of The Feder*'
ated Press, disclosed the fact that
the master builders have out the
wages of the majority of building
laborers fl a day. This more
than makes up for the 60-cent increase given tbe carpenters.
Cal-Van
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
FISH
DIRECT FROM BOAT
Hallibut       -      >       perlb20c
Spring Salmon
Filleted Cod -
Sliced Cod   -
Fresh Herring   I	
GET VALUE
Hastings St. W.
3 lbs for 70c
3 lbs for 65c
3 lbs for 55c
3 lbs for 15c
Opposite Pantages FRIDAY February n, It»
TWELFTH TEAR.    NO. t
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONS    vamtouvm, r o.
PAGE SEVEN
Songs Unbidden
BY THE PROSPECTOR
This volume of poems by a new British Columbia poet
is meeting with a favorable reception in many quarters.
The following aro brief excerpts from some of the reviews: -
"The author hu allied snd held
la picturesque language the. moods
of the moment and hia subject! cot*
er a wide range. . . . Through,
out, however there It the breadth
of vision and freshness of outlook
which is the prerogative of th*
dweller in the untrammoled spaces."
—Victoria Times.
"His nom da plume la happily
ciiouim because he fs indeed a pros*
pector relating all he finds la his
search for th* precious things of
earth. His 'Tale of the Moveable
Mine,' is delirious and tense in hu*
mor, and la perhaps tha outstanding
poem la th* series.''—Vancouvtr
FairpUy,
The book slse contains poems oa
auch diverse subjects as ' * Omar
Khayyam," "The Spiritualist,"
"John Ruskin,"   wd  "Love'a  As
tronomy." Th* author Is a studMl
of sociology and hla sentiments toe
expressed in verses on "Tha Indus*
triallst," "Liebknecht aad Jaures"
Md "Progress."—Vancouver Sun.
"Th* Prospector's volnm* *f
lyrics seems to me to tak* lta plaoe
among th* books to be reckoned
with by aay person wh* realises
what Is going on in th* Canadian
literary world. I shall look foi*
ward with no ordinary curiosity t*
the reviews In the year Twentr
Twenty ef this delightful volume,"
—Aubrey St. John Miltoay, M.A.
"I knew nothing ef onr p**t personally, bnt 1 do know that he hai
caught tk* spirit of the beauty sal
the glory of onr Western Oannde
nnd embodied it In true and bean*
tifui poetry."—-"Nemesis," In B. 0.
Federationist.
} For Sole br yonr local bookseller, or mailed direot on receipt ef
price.
VELVET SHEEP BINDING _ .$2.00
LEATHERETTE BINDING ........v... 41.50
Victoria Printing and Publishing Co.
SSI YATES STBEBT, VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hen —my An, Indexed for Tou
Mt. Union Uu, Out Thli Out and oive It to Tou Wifo
Banks
Bank of Toronto, Haatinga * Cambie; Viotorla, Merritt and Now Weit-
minster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branches in Vancouver, tt in B. 0,
Bakeries
Shciiy 's   '   Phone Fairmont M
TlsdaUs Limited...
J. A. Plott	
Bicycles
..618 Hastinga Street Weat
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Billiards
Tockot Billiard Parlor 	
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)..
..42 Hastings Street East
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Goodwin Shoe Co., ....
Ingledew Shoe Store...
"K" Boot Shop	
Piorre Paris———.
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Boots and Shoes
..11» Hastings Street East
 G66 OranviUe Street
.....319 Hastings Street Wost
...64 Hastings Street West
..Hastings Street East
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
MacLaohlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Cafes
Golden Gate Cafe Hastings Streot Hast
O. B. U. Model Cafe . .< 57 Cordova Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold ft Quigley 546 Oranvllle Street
damans, Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb ft Stewart . 300-315 Hastinga Street Weat
B. C. Outfitting Co... .... 342 Hastings Streot West
Wm. Dick Ltd 83-49 Hastings Street Eut
Thoa. Foster ft Co., Ltd-  ■ 514 OranvUle Streot
J. W. Foster ft Co., Ltd	
J. N. Harvey Ltd	
The Jonah-Prat Co-
New Tork Outfitting Co...
David Spencer Ltd.——.
W. B, Brumltt...
 345 Hastings Stroet Wost
..185 Haatinga Wost and Victoria, B. 0.
 401 Hastings Street West
 , 143 Hastings Street West
—.—.——>,  Hastings Street
Thomas ft McBain-.
Woodwards Ltd...
..Cordova Street
..OranvUle Street
Victor Clothes Shop...
D. K. Book .
.-Hastings and Abbott Streeta
  118 Hastings West
. 117 Hustings Stroet West
Vancouver Co-operative „ 41 Pender Street West
Coal
Kirk ft Co., Ltd.... 929 Main St., Soymour 1441 and 465
Maedonald Marpole Co...
Fraaer Valley Dairiea-
..1001 Main Street
Dairies
..8th Avenne and Tukoa Street
Dentists ,^^^__
Dre. Brett Anderson asd Douglas Caaaolman. 602 Hastlnga West
Dr. W. J. Curry...... .——..——.„  .301 Dominion Building
Dr. Oordon Campbell—
Dr. Lowe....—.-.---—.
Dr. Grady.	
.....................Cornor OranviUe and Bobson Streets
 - Cornor Hastings and Abbott Streeta
_—....„—Corner Hastings and Soymour Streets
Drinks
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Boer.—
Hotol West	
Patricia Cabaret..
 Westminster Brewery Co.
...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
...444 Carrall Street
Taxi—Soft Drinks-
Van Bros. 	
..411 Hastings Street East
 409 Dunsmuir Street
—.—.—Ciders and wiffss
Vsncouver Drug Co...
Drugs
ARMY IS NEEDED
Troops Used By Exploiters to Break Strikes
of Slaves.
Bombay, India.—Brltlih troop*
in India called into service to break
the strike of 200,000 Indian cotton
workera in Bombay, have flred upon peaceful gatherings of workers,
causing many casualties.
The strike started the flrst of
January and has continued unabated. All the mills in the city are
closed, The striken demand an
increase in wages. The average
wage of skilled workers in the cot.
ton mills of Bombay range from
14.40 a month. Unskilled workers
receive atill leas.
In cotton mills the workers are
often employed as many as 17 and
18 houra a day. In Bombay the
workers work for 14 hours or moro.
The factories in which th) mill-
hands Work are without any sanitary of health provisions. There is
no ventilation.
<The present Bombay .strike Is a
repetition. of a strike whioh occurred sfx ninths ago, the character of which was passive resistance.
It was only when BrltlBh troops
fired upon the meetings, killing
and wounding large number* that
any disturbances occurred.
AT THE EMPRESS
Next week Margaret Marriott's
greatest triumph, "The House of|
Glass," will be presented at the
Empress, and this wonderful play
will be the forerunner of a series
of real dramatic treats, for "The
Misleading Lady," "Jim's Girl,"
and "Little Peggy O'Modre," wlU
follow in rapid succession, and we
personally guarantee each and
every one of them to be wonderful
plays. "The House of GlasB" contains one of those deep, dramatic
atories that Keeps you wondering
as to what is coming next. It is
brimful of intense moments which
afford the the actor or actress opportunity for displaying their real
dramatic talent This great show
will give a revival tn the East during the coming season, which is
sufficient proof that It is considered
one of the greatest American ploys.
Those who have admired Miss,
Marriott ln her comedy parts, will
have a chance to see her ln the.
best dramatic offering that ah* haa
ever presented.
Put a one-cent stamp on thla
paper and mail it to a friend.
A LECTURE ON CHRISTIAN
SCIENCE IN THE ORPHEUM
THEATRE SUNDAY LAST
Entitled Christian Science: Its Restorative Ministry, by Dr. John
M. Tutt, O. S. n.
Momber of the Bourd of Lectur-
shlp of The Mother Church, The
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
in Boston, Mass.
-Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak k Suit Co,.... — 623 Hastinga Btreet Weat
Vanoouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Weat
Florists
Brown Bros, k Co. Ltd.....—,......46 Hastings East and 728 OranviUe Street
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn Thomson k Slegg .._- 531 Homer Street
Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co    41 Hastings Btreet West
Balianl Furniture Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Oompany 418 Mala Street
Groceries
Cal-Van Markot.....—.  Hastings Btreet Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three stores)—. Hastings, OranviUe and Main Streets
Woodwards. .__._...._....._.  HaBtings and Abbott Streots
Spencers Ltd..,-..—.....-.-—. -— Hastinga Street
Vancouver Co-operatlvo 41 Pender Street West
Hatters
Black and White Hat Store Cor. Hastings and Abbott Street!
Jewelers
Birks Ltd- -.—  OranviUe and Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
!W. H, Malkin.   (Malkln'a Beat)
\ Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand ....— (Turner Beeton k Co., Vlotoria, B. O.)
Paints
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.-  .841 GranvUle Btreet
Printers and Engravers
.Labor Temple
a..:i.if—
Cowan k Brookhouse.
ClellundDibblc
P. O. B-
Railways
.......and the.._
-Tower Building
 O. N. B,
Tailors
Tom the Tailor.——.  624 OranvUle St.; 318 Hastings W.
Abrams the Tailor ;.... «1« Hastings West
J, A. Flott..
Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather. ...
Theatres and Movies
Empress ........„.—__  Orpheum 	
...Hastings Street West
...Hastings Street Weat
 — Pantages
10 Sub. Cards
Cls.od fur ono yi-nr'a subscription to Thi
B. 0. FV<I miKinlst. wll) be milled to
liny ftddroxa in Canadft for f 17.50.
(Qiiud anywli rr nut ldi> of Vancouver
City )  n-rl r i.'ii tmlny.  Remit whoa sold.
sarah-a Portrait
Of nil tbt people that ovor I met
it waa Sarah who fulfilled most exactly tht ide* that mut have been
at tha hack of her Maker's head.,|
Many people who ought to be clr-
havo boom twelve. In hia hand.
Farmor hadn't tho chango, or waa
a bit short hlmaoU, for thoao woro
tlio daya whs* tho /armor had to
hia market stuff boforo ho
$QUld buy hla groceries.    Sarah's
clea, standing for soma Qualitya»4-|iB??,*oul?.tl»ht^l:_*,,t *•__V*.*
bringing lt definitely into being,
achieve qothlng bettor than an Irregular rotundity that would never):1
satisfy tho least exacting of math-j^
ematlclans. Sarah did nothing of i
tho sort; she waa round and complete in character, Tou knew in a
moment-what she stood for. When
He made Sarah the Almighty wan.
ted some one who knew how to
cherish Ufa ln everything living, j
And for tho span bf fifty years
Sarah saw to lt that He got Hla
will with her. Sho was tho mother
of twelvo children, men and women now, brought up on a wago
of IS shillings a week, who aro
stamped wtih tho Impress of hor
clean, hearty, honest make. Thero
is a zest about them tbat was Sarah's. Thoy do things wtth-a will,
her daughters mako pastlea for
their men tbat aro bigger than
any one else's, they clean a room
with an eye to the corners, and
they avoid shrewishness. They aro
not all as generous as sho waa, nor
as great Jn fibre, partly because
they don't know, as sho did, tho
bare edge of things, the hard living
and the risks poor women ran In
country places at a timo whon
there wasn't a Midwlves Bill or.
even a parish nurse. *
You went up three steps Into her
cottage of two rooms that stood
alono ln the-fields oa a winding
lane off the turnpike road. Hot a
horse's clattering hoofs passed by,
nor a market cart bucketing along,
but Sarah could guoss who it was
and that mostly by the time of day.
If you went out after summer rain
and banged the front door behind
you the rose buah would Bend a
shower of drops on your head.
Monthly roses they were and sweet
liko new-washed linen. Whenever
any child left the cottage on a
small errand or a great, to Totnes
market or a "place," he or she
would turn at the lane end to get
a glimpse of Mother standlrtg in
the doorway, as rosy and pleasantly wrinkled as a sound hoarding-
apple, with little merry eyea "like
gimlets." By the fire behind there
would be Granny, footing stockings
or darning. She kept the fifteen
of them going in hose and thought
amall beer of a woman who could
not knit a sock a day. Old peasant wisdom was hers, a sort of
tenderness for the life of fields and
good washer woman and muoh in
request after less thorough bands
.than hers had spoilt the whiteness
of tho farm linen; old "aggrier-
Lances" she used to call tho signs of
(other women'a slackness. What
she couldn't abide waa a thing half
done, as' you found if you woro hor
child and were seized before tho
steaming tub of a Saturday night
with the words, "Propor grafted,
that's what you be." Tho elder
ohildren were out lh tho world,
for they fortunately camo with
gaps between, before tho younger
ones were born. It was lucky, for
thero wero but two bedrooms, and
ln winter after.'a thaw tho walls of
theso reeked with wet. Tet it
meant .baking on a Sunday afternoon, for tho boys on the term got
no supper of a Sunday night, so
their mother put hot pasties ln tha
hedge for them to tako as they
went home to tho farm or 'from
church. Year after year sho did
this, though her man said regularly, "You'm a fulo to bake on a
Sunday afternoon. I'd not do it."
But ho, as sho said scores of times,
wasn't a mother. And tho boys
Uked mother's pasties hot
Tho high-water mark of her life
camo in tho great blizzard. Her
children tell the story still with
kindling oyes as of some battlo
long ago. Maybe her children's
children will tell it. The drifts
were over the hedges in places
and the wind bringing down, not
elms alone, but firs and even oaks.
Queerley enough, one Bertram
Snow chose this moment to be
born, but his coming was hard and
dangerous.' The doctor, summoned
from Totnes put his head out of
the window and asked the distance.
It was eight miles. Then said he,
"Do you think I'm going to risk
my life tn this?" He was nlght-
papped and elderly. But Sarah got
to the woman in time, though she
walked four miles through waist-
high drifts and across the moor
on hands and knees. In tho morning she faced the doctor with a
smile and a respectful, "Come at
last, sir?" as she showed him the
baby. Today her daughters wreak
a mort of sex malice on the man
and his smallness.
There were a few debts when
she'diod, for to feed country children who would bring friends home
THB UMYERSAIi PANACEA
If each Individual in this audienco
were asked to give a reason for his
presence here, no doubt lt would
be possible to classify the replies
undor two great heads—religion
and medicine. These may be said
to bo the" paramount human Interests, for second only to a futuro
salvation, man)-.ind Is concerned
in the preservation of his body.
Christian Science has amalgamated
these Interests so that, rightly viewed, religion and medicine become
one; and since Christian Science,
in its saving and healing grace, is
applicable to all manner of discords, physical, mental and moral,
lt may bo termed the universal
panacea,
PRAYER
' The modus operandi by which Christian
Science fulfills Its restorative ministry is
prayor. By prayer sickness is healed, ain
Is destroyed nnd harmony restored. By
prayer ignorance Is replaced with under*
standing. By prayer wt drnw near to Ood
and enter Into tho heritage of hit son.
Prayer ia thut process by which false
bellofi are destroyed nnd right concepts
restored. To know tho Truth Is truo
prayer. Therefore ih« Christian Scientist
when ho prays, does not nsk God for
any material thing. Ho seeks to appro*
hond whal Is nir arty cxi-t n and betdnw-
ed. He asks only for guidance, for wls<
dom, for truo knowledge. So Solomon
prayod for an understanding heart. So
Hagar athirst in the desert, fearing for
tho life of her child, prayed tho prayer
whieh opened her blind ry*a and revealed
tho well of water at hnnd. Such prayer
has never failed, for lt is the prayer of
spiritual sense, that "conscious, constant,
capacity to understand Ood," ind the
spiritual real man.
CONCLUSION
How shall wo epitomize the restorative
ministry of Christian Science 1 As Hrs.
Eddy wroto of Christ Jesus, so may It be
said of Christian Science, Its "sublime
■iimmnry points to the religion of Love."
(Science and Health, page  1J1B).
Little moro than fifty years ago there
waa but one Christian Scientist in all the
world, Mm1)' Baker Eddy. Today, through
her loving ministry, the rostnratlvo Truth
plentifully is reaching humanity. Be*
cause of her love for Ood and man, she
organised tbe Church of Christ, Scientist,
"designed to commemorate the word and
works of our Mnster, which should re*
Instate primitive Christianity and Its lost
element of healing." (Church Manual,
page 17). Because of her lovo fur Ood
and man she cNtnhlfshed the Christina
Science Rending Rooms, whom the storm-
tossed and distressed flnd refuge and comfort. Because of her love for Ood and
mun sho founded the Christian Science
periodicals which, daily, weekly nnd
ininthly Bend out the message of Truth's
rniitorativB mission. Through all its aetivities the Christian Science church is
demonstrating the practical character of
tts idealism, for lt Is committed unselfish*
ly to the rcdomptlon of humanity through
the regenerating power of Christ, Truth,
operating in human consciousness.
Christian Scientists desire nothlnr so
much as that the power of God unto sal*
vation, so richly enjoyed by them, because to them understood, shall be made
available to their fellowmen. That Is why
all over the earth men nnd women Are
devoting their lives- to Christian Science,
to the restorative -'inlstry of healing the
sick and saving tho sinner.
Oh,   he   whom   Josus   loved   hM   truly
spoken,
That holler worship, which God deigns
to bless.
Restores the lost,  and heals tht spirit
broken,
And feeds tbo widow and the fatherless,
Then, brother, man, fold to thy heart thy
brother I ■ •
For where love dwells, th* pesos of God
Is thore:
To worship rightly la to love each other;
Each smile a hymn, each kindly dead
a prayor.
Follow, with rev'rent stops, tho great ei-
ample
Of him   whose holy work was doing
good!
So shall the wido earth seem our Father a
temple.
Each loving life a psalm of grntltudn.
—(Christian   Science  Hymnal,  pg   173.)
boys she would say with a shake of
the head, "They*m all God's crea-^
tures, my dears." There by the
flre; ■' tooi in hatching time, and
wrapped in 'an old petticoat, would
be the chicks that were egg-bound.
Sarah could perform that most delicate operation of freeing thej
young bird of tho shell which irtj
clumsy'hands as often kills as
cures. It was the fowls that helped to keep the family going, thoughi
tt was a high price when eggs
made a shilling a dozen, and at
half-a-crown for a fowl ■ Sarah's
heart would beat joyously.
She had one extravagance: it Is
a pleasure to think of it. She nover
paid less than two and sixpence a
pound for tea, she kept a drop of
"tea milk" with the cream on it,
and she uesd to make her children
go a quarter of a mile to fetch
the water for tea from a special
spring that welled out, cold and ley
clear, from the bottom of a hilly
orchard. Ah, that spring In the
midst of the fields with In autumn,
the blue of distant hills, the gold
elms, the red and yellow heaps of
elder apples at the foot of a tree;
all Devon is in the cold of that
water, no pipe stuff that, ns folks
say in the West, "tastes," But
sometimes the girls cheated thelir
mother and got tho water from the
washing water pond. It was nearer,
and legs ache that have walked
three miles to school and three
back, There the girls sewed while
the boys learnt geography, so that
Sarah's daughters still auk lf Pnrls
is near India, though one grandson
died on the Sommo and another is
ln ^Mesopotamia. '  -
It wasn't much that Sarah kept
for herself, though she did sometimes hide a few biscuits In a drawer upstairs and some apples In a
cupboard. But ono child or other
there always was who, boing tn
Sarah's language a "proper unty-
crock," soon discovered the hidden
stores and devoured them. Sarah
had her own household tongue; "a
proper old tetty-cake" means, for
Instance, a Covering sort of person,
somebody heavy and soft, like a
potato cake. You may apply It to
a sweetheart or an affectionate oat.
And when a swing is made from a
treo or a kitten swings from a
towel rung out to dry, you call it
u "goosey-butt
The father of the family does not
make much show. A quiet man,
he worked nn the same farm for
forty years and had a set of jokes,
not above fonr or five, that served
him well fov a life time. "Ono
meal a day," he'd say of th© children, "they have one meal a day,
but it never stops." If any one waft
ill, "Cnn 'em ate?" he'd ask. If
they could, there was nothing a-
miss. But what really mattered to
him was tbat the pig should eat.
The pig squealing for meal and
potato parings set him dancing
with Impatience. "Bless the man
and the pig, too," Sarah would cry,
standing wtih arms akimbo and
eyes twinkling. But sho knew well
enough, too, that the pig's prosperity meant the family's future, He
was the hub of their universe, and
his arrival, ln a sack as a youngling, the most delirious moment In
the children's year. They couldn't
sleep the night before for the
thought of that rtde and the great
moment when, wtth doer carefully
hasped, the sack would be oponed
in the kitchen and the pig released,
There were nuts and apples then,
and the girts, standing on chairs,
watched with soroams the plunges
of the excited creature. Later on
he would be Bold, here a quarter
and there another, sold In prosptc-
tive long before his last moment
enme In the still dawn.
Sarah's man workeri in the garden by moonlight on many a night
of spring, ln tho planting season;
he was famous for his shallots nnd
earned besides an honest shilling
by outtlng the farm men's hair of
a Sunday morning. Yet there were
timet) when, looking very sheenlsh,
hedgerows. To the bird's"ne^tingfj? te* ««* * *" <* *£* "Eat
\\no_ loal, will 'ee?" old Granny
used t say. But Sarah sliced away,
j'the loaf against her breast, cutting round after round. She could-
nJL.grudge, not even when the old
black and white cat fell IU. She
J^a.dn't a sixpence   in   the   house
flien he was found at death's
cjpr, but she sent a child running
i the tavern, "Qutck( say it's for
irah," she ordered, "say she
WQUts slxpennyworth of brandy and
spe'II pay next week with the egg
money." The brandy came, Sarah
drenched the beast, and ln half an
hour he was licking his paws.
Things did live with her. She made
thingg jolly; even if she waa only
cooking plum Jam the childron felt
tt was a feast to be allowed.to have
all the stones and crack them for
the kernels. Cheese at the rind Is
sweet.
And then one night, having tucked her children up in their beds,
she did what she had never done tnd
her life before—she walked down"
the lane to meet her man coming
home from work. She lived Just
long enough to see him, but as he
camo up she sank at his feet, crying, "Oh, Jem, Jem." Dazed, he
hung over her. Then, carrying her
to the hedge side, he had to tramp
back to the farm for a cart. She'd
had a day ln Exeter, for tho flrst
time, a day's outing, and a new
dress, not long before. It was the
only time her daughters can recall
mother having anything new—for
show- The children still remember her arms as she tucked them
In that last night, the Sry of the old
woman, and the rumbling of the
farm cart to the door. She must
have known she was going, they
say.
But all through the parish, when
it was known that Sarah had gone,
tho women held up finger and
thumb In a circle to show how the
fat had closed round her heart.
And every one saw, too, the guttering of candle gfease ln the
draught from the door as It makes
a winding sheet.
Fill
A
British    Labor"   Raising
Storm of Protest
Against Wages
■■ (By the Foderaled Pross)
,r-London.—The syatem of fixing
'%a£ea on a_ "fodder basis," I. e., in
relation to living costs, is regarded
aft,-the big question before British
lahor at present. The recent rail
Way award on the basis of living
cbsts has raised a storm of protest
at thla tying down of labor to tho
Status of farm stock.
uBrnest Bevin, organizer of tho
tickers' Union, expressed the new
qpirlt when he said;
j "I refuse to discuss labor on
fydder basis. Under the system of
a sliding scale, dependent on the
epst of living, labor is asked to
recognize, and by recognition support, tho theory that in relation to
an employer a worker is In thp
position of a horse to its owner.
Decrease the price of food, and
the cost of keeping both animals
will decrease too.
"What of the things that labor
demands as an absolute elementary
right of a man or woman—good
houses, leisure, art, literature,
music? Once ndmlt that and you
say goodbye to tho claim that, labor
has an absolute right to concern
'tsolf with the employers' profits.
We are not going to sell our right
to make profiteers disgorge, tn ro-
_____ ____  turn   for  being  left  al  a level   of
be'wouw'return"'^^^'^^''^'^^^^^ that In relation to the CO&t
(ho precious shillings,  that ought 1 of necessities will nevor rise.
SUGGESTS LEVY
1 CAPITAL
Issuance of Paper Money
Cause of High Prices
of Commodities
(Br tk* Teierttei Preu)
Olugow—A levy on capital il
th* •nir cut* tot Bwland'i financial situation, ia th* opinion ot
John Parr, British eoonomlst Th*
reaion tor th* preaeit disastrous
condition lay in tb* reckleaa iwua
ol flat paper money (Bradburys)
•aid Parr.
'Under • capltaliat system," he
explained, "a paper substitute for
gold It luued over th* quantity
necessary, causes depredation. We
are in a position today ot having
violated the law ot proper proportion of paper monoy tokens, and
thl* has become so very apparent
to eve* th* most convlnoed Inflat-
1st* that they ar* keeping very
silent en th* matter. The question Is one of economic adjustment to a value basis, and not
economio reform, although for a
tlm* th* worken may stand to
gain through their increased
wage* during th* fall in prioe*
Just sa they stood to lose wben
price* were going up.
In banking parlance, John Bull
has mad* a loan Into a deposit by
allowing production to be continued on' a proflt baa* during a period when he was destroying
wealth as fast as he could produce it/ Our government adopted
the insane method of borrowing
from ourselves, thereby allowing
profits to be plied up by the manufacturer* on th* one hand (and
the vain delusion that they represented treat wealth) and on th*
other hand by the creation of
Bradburys and credit erected on
those Bradburys.
'From th* summary of the balance sheets of 20 prominent banks
the proportion of capital and reserves to liabilities sto'od on June
30, 1910, at t per cent
"Any sensible ordinary being
owing a debt to him can become
free by striking! It out of his
ledger, and our national account
can easily get rid of the debt by
a levy for cancellation purposes."
0. B. U. Notes
Fort William, which has been a
live centre for the O. B, U, for
some timo, has now commenced
to place some union shop cards.
Two tailor shops and several bar'
ber shops having signed up.
The labor department of the Dominion government has been
showing an almost fatherly Interest in the One Big Union, the deputy minister has asked to be supplied with a list of branches and
secretaries aud the number of
members, etc.; for publication in
tho Labor Gazette. The general
secretary has supplied him with
the information also with a copy
of the proceedings of the recent
convention. While the minister of
labor has been doing his best tr.
put the O. B. U. out of business
the deputy minister seems mi
anxious to put the O. B, U. in the
Annual'Labor Gazette.
The employees of the MacBrlno
Co., leather goods manufacturers,
of Kitchener, Ont., are endeavoring to get that Arm to adopt the
O, B, U. label on the sultcasses,
handbags and other leather goods
manufactured by that Arm. The
Luggage Workers' Unit of Kitchener Is growing rapidly, last meeting
they took In twenty-four new mem.
bers.
- Albert Gilt, M.M., i„ going to
Trail, B. C, to assist ill the or
ganization work on behalf of the
general executive board. The Smelter Workers have asked for an Increase of fl per day.
The outlawed machinists local
No. 30 of Bridgeport, Conn,, is
taking a vote on the question of
joining the One Big Union of the
Brotherhood of Metal Workers Industrial Union.
The Winnipeg C. P. R. unit admitted 28 new members to the
unit at the last regular meeting.
The Sick BeneAt Club of thie unit
is growing. The dues are 50c per
month and the benefit.4 $7 iter
week and $100 at death.
The International Association of
Machinists Officials are after the
radical element in the various
lodges. The spector of the O. B.
U. Is driving them to suicido.
Organizer Houston of the U. M.
W, of A. recently attempted to get
a meeting of tho miners of the
Federal Mine, Lethbrldge, Alta.
hut only two turned up. He has
now departed for thc U. S. A. having apparently failed In making
Lethbrldge Diatrict 100 per cent.
U. M. W. of A.
An engineer is president of the
Coleman, Alia., U. M. W. of A, local. No miner would accept the
office.
An O, B. U. miners unit has been
organized at Saunders Creek, Alta.
What you want in a dentist is reliability. That
includes care and- skill, conscientiousness, sincerity. My reputation aa "The Careful Dentist,"
and my ten-year guarantee of solid quality for
all my work should attest these characteristics.
You may safely rely upon my work, the way in
which I do it, and the reasonableness of my
printed price schedule. -
0R.GRADY
MS    BASTINGS   WESW—CORNER SEYMOUR
Reliable Footwear
for Children
0U8 JUVENftiE DEPABTMBNT IS' GIVINg READ
BIG VALUE THESE DAYS IN QUAUTY 3HOB3
Hisses' Steelite School Boots, all solid leather.
Sizes 11 to 2 $4.65
—tit
Ker-Ker High Boots in genuine tan and blapk call
leather........... J6.50
Hand welt process sewn soles of best qualify backs
11 to 2 . 94.50
For children's sizes 8 to 10. >
Classic Boots for children in button and laced styles; Ud
calf and patent leather, welted soles, sizes 8 to 10 04.75
Children's sizes 5 to 7% .__ ,.,,. ,.,,■■.•.., $4.50
We mail shoes fret.       Write for our Spring Catalogue
BOOT SHOP
, 310 HASTINGS ST\S
WSi*
        BUY YOUR
foENfiVlpMEH! CLOTHES
THE EASY
WAY
iCREDITj
*£*mtFA
542 Hastings bT.W.
Near Homer-   Sir.    '
When you replenish you
wardrobe on credit you
don't mist the money—
TRY IT.
EVERYTHING
REDUCED
FOR
CLEARANCE
There is no red tape io our credit
system—the transaction is brief
and businesslike. We trust you
because we know you will be satisfied with our garments.
Our full and varied lines of men's
and ladies' fine clothes are all on
sale at reduced clearance prices.
342 Hastings West
Near Homer
x
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
rreib Ont Tlcmtre, Tmexel Designs, Wedding Bouquet!, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shads Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros, & Co. Ltd.
FLOBISTS AHD NUBSERYNBN
8-STOEE&-2
48 Hastings Street East 738 OranviUe Strati
Seymour 988-672 Seymour 9513
INDUSTRIAL UNION
IDEA SPREADING
Journeymen Tailors Wish to Break
Away from Craft Form
-   of Organization
The general executive board of
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers baa received a communication
from the Journeymen TaUora International Union requesting the
Amalgamated to participate In a
conference to work out a programme for the formation of one
big industrial union for the men's
clothing, workers. The boaid of
tho Amalgamated replied to the
Journeymen Tailors with a statement that the Amalgamated haa
always favored not only ine organization in the men'a clothing
Industry, but also ono organization for the entire needle tradea.
The board Instructed the grand
officers of the Amalgamated to
take up the proposal of the Journeymen Tailora.
This O. B. U. already has over
200,000  members.
Did you ever try to rustic a sub.?
If not, why not?
THE SPRING STYLES ARE HERE
AU lined up ready for your inspection, and they are a
gathering of the best styles end best values to be found
anywhere.
SHOES for all the family. You'll find our prices in
every instance consistent with thc high quality of Our
Shoos,
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
"UNION-MADE FOOTWEAR"
Eat More Bread
fflHAT'S the slogan that meane real economy for you. Tho
*• tact that other food costs havo Increased tt per cent, ilnce
1914 makes bread the cheapen food you eaa buy,
ICJ311
la full of real food value and possesses a taate that makea
the eating of more bread a profitable pleasure. Those flaky
loaves with the golden brown crust have never been equalled
—they're from Canada's most modern and hygienic bakery.
SHELLY BROS. LTD.
PHONE FAIR. 44 JPAGE EIGHT
twelfth year.' no. t    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
FRIDAtv
....February SO, 1911
Upright 1919,HartSchaffntriMa«
CANADA'S LARGEST
STOBE FOR MEN AND
BOYS.
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boya' Dept., 2nd floor
"Do Union Men
Buy Union Clothes?"
There is a Union Label in these Clothes. The
suits we are offering you were made in Canada,
by Canadian Union Men. The money you pay
for these Clothes gives legitimate profit to us,
to the manufacturer, and a fair Union wage to
Canadian workmen. Your money remains in
Canada, helps build Canadian industries, provides work for Union men, and eventually benefits every Union Man in Canada by upholding
the principle of Union Labor. Furthermore,
you have a Suit that for all-wool quality, smart
style and reasonable prices, cannot be better. A
Union Man couldn't ask for more—we wouldn't
want to give him any less. See our Union Suits
at $40.
OTHERS AT
$25, $30, $35 to $75
The Home of
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
Lumber Workers Are
Making Good Progress
(Continued from page 1)
Limited
153   HASTINGS  WEST
THE LIOX AND THE LAMB
(Continued from page 3)
to the Provincial Executive Industrial Council who shall consider
the matter at throe consecutive
meetings and endeavor to adjust
same, satisfactorily.
Before the discussions or subject
shall become the cause of a Lockout or Strike, in such event thirty
days' notice must be given by
either side of the Council and a
copy of the findings in full mailed
to all employers   and   Employees
Wallace's
Marketaria
The Home of Quality
Groceries
Broken Orange Pekoe Tea
at 55c
Finest Government Creamery Butter, 3 lbs $2.20
Strictly New-laid Eggs, at
per dozen 70c
Royal Standard, Five
Roses and Robin Hood
Flour, 49-lb. sack $3.45
Australian Jams,  2 tins
for • : 35c
Marmalade, 1-lb. cans..20c
Pork and Beans, 3-lb;
tins, at ...25c"
Reindeer. Condensed Milk,
at -...:...%& ;.:.......21c
Eagls Brand 23c
Pacific Milk, 2 large
cans at 25e
Rolled Oats, per sack....47c
Toilet Soap, 6 cakes 25c
Toilet Paper, i rolls   25c
S.T.Wallace
118 Hastings St. West
WHEN  HUNGRY EAT  AT THE
s
ARE ORGANIZING
Elect Wage Scale Committee—Make Many
New Members
Quite a number of Mill 'Workers have joined up with the Lumber, Workers Industrial Union during Ihe past week, and there seems
no doubt that members of the Engineers and Mill Workers Unit of
the O. B. U. made the correct
move in transferring into their
proper industrial divisions.
The branch meetings of Mill-
Workers in outside districts are
now being well attended and at a
meeting of the Fraser anils branch
within five days of the concluding
session of the Provincial Executive
Industrial Council.
During meetings of the Provincial Executive Industrial Council,
at which contentious matters ave
under discussion, there shall he,
neither on the part of Employers
or Employees, any slowing down
or cessation of operations.
Drugs You Need
at Special Prices
FBIDAT AND SATURDAY
.70 Abbey's Salts   52
.35 Cglox Tooth Powder  24
„1!5 RoiJ's CaHcara Tablets  16
.50 Velnor   Hhnmjioo    25
.35 Rolil's Witch Hazel Cream 21
.50 Fruiiatives    _ 32
.75 DJer Kiss Face Powder 52
1.00 Nature's Remedy Tablets  68
.25 Mecca Ointment  17
.50 Pebeco Tooth Paste    82
.25 Mennen's Talcum  14
.1(5 California Citrus Cream  18
,25 Holbrook's Fuller's Earth 14
.35 Djer Kiss Talcum  21
1.00 DeIaton«    77
.25 Aspirin Tablets, 1 dos., 10c
3 for 25
.50,Gin PilJfi   .33
1.00 Wyeth Hape and Sulphur  74
.50 Reld'8 Brllliantine  25
.25 Reecliams  16
. Hot Water Bottles, etc.
2.50 K. & S. Hot Water Bottle.. ..1.50
2.00 K. &  S. Hot Water Bottlo ..1.19
1.50-Hot Water Bottles  79
.50 Household Gloves  27
Reid's Mnntfn Remedy, 75c per bottle.
Reid's Listol, 25c, 50c and $1.00 bottles.
Gardon    Court    Double    Combination
.   Cream, 50c tlm.pot.
Penslar Dynamic Tonic, 75c nnd $1.50
bottles.
Prices Include War Tax
Vancouver Drug Co.
LIMITED
THE ORIGINAL GUT RATE DRUGGISTS OF VANCOUVER
—Seven Stores—
405 Hastings W Soy. 1965
7 Hastings W Soy. 3532
103 Hastings E Sey, 2082
762 Granvillo St Sey. 7013
1700 Commercial Drive ....High. 233
Granville and Broadway ....Bay. 2314
Broadway and Main  Fair. 4088
FURNISH
YOUR HOE
ON
EASY
TERMS
WORKING MEN!
Why not own your own
furniture? Come to our
great 15 Days' Opening
Sale. See our swell
stock and study our system.
Your Credit Is Good
-HOME
Furniture Co.
416 Main arft
Decides to Carry Fight Into Convention of B. C.
Federation of Labor
At the regular meeting of the
Vancouver (Int.) Tradea and Lubor Council held in the Labor
Temple on Thursday evening,, a
motion was passed to pay its per
capita tax to the B. C. Federation
of Labor, send two delegates to
the eonvention and to notify all
other B. C. Trades Council bodies
of its action. This motion was
passed at the suggestion of President Welsh who took the stand
that the council should put up a
scrap for tho machinery of the
B. C. Federation of Labor. The
suggestion of affiliation with the
B. C, F. of h. waa fought at flrst
on the grounds that it was far better to reorganize than to attempt
to capture tho organization. This
Idea however was ilinally overcome
by information that International
organizations in other parts of the
province were waiting to see what
Vancouver intended to do, and in
order thut the Vancouver council
might not be known as a quitter,
the abovo action was taken with
ihe idea of putting up a flght.
A communication from the city
council asking for a committee to
go into thc matter of taking a
hand in the forthcoming "Hudson
Bay Co. Pageant" was flled on
the ground that the company Is
unfair to organized labor in several departments of its business.
A communication from tho Winnipeg Defense Committeo asking
for funds was flled.
A suggestion to oppose the daylight saving scheme was turned
down.
The council received word that
Its attempt to obtain a seat oh the
hospital board has met with failure
from every source. The fight is
now to be waged through the pro-
"inclal parliament.
Garment Woikers reported an
Increase of wages.
Steam and Operating .Engineers
reported an 10'J per cent organiza-
held at Maillardville on the 12th
inst., over 80 employees from the
Fraser Mills were present, and 14
new members were signed up.
Thc members present elected a
wage scale committee, comprised
of one member for each class of
work in the mill, also a representative for the Japanese and Hindu
workers; it is expected the present
hnll that Is used for branch meetings at Maillardville will not be
lnrge onough to hold nil the members at the next meeting.
Tho Port Moody branch is also
getting down to business, and in
spite of the fact that a vaudeville
company was showing in tlie town
on the evening of the last meeting
over there, quito a good attendance
of members were present at the
meeting, five new members \Vere
signed up and the members present
elected a wage scnle committee on
the same lines as the members at
Fraser Mills branch.
It Is the intention of the members In Port Moody to discuss plana
for holding a social evening at the
next meoting, and the Vancouver
Woman's Auxiliary of the O. B. U.
Is to be asked to assist In arranging the social.
In spito of thp fact that a number of Mill Workers continue to
Join up every week in Vancouver,
the meetings are poorly attended.
However, as the evenings get a
little warmer, it is expected that a
larger number will turn out to the
meetings. All members should
make an effort to be present at
the meeting bn Monday, Mnrch 1,
as it is thc intention of members
to elect a wnge scale committeo,
and other matters of importance
will be discussed.
Meetings for Mill Workers will
be held in thc following places during the coming week:
New Westminster, Feb. 2nd, at 8
p.m., at Labor Hall, corner Royal
avenue and Seventh street,
at   old   Moving   Picture   theatre,
Fraser Mills, Feb. 26, at 8 p.m.,
Malilardvillo.
Port Moody, Friday, Feb, 27, at
8 p.m., at Orange Hall,
flrst district convention on February 23, it is good to see the 'districts getting down to effective organization within their territory.
Sudbury district reports having
taken in hand the preliminary arrangements for a convention. Eastern reports are particularly good,
the organization is spreading,' is
being enthusiastically received by
the workers and the weekly ratio
of new members necessary to accuse the 50,000 total this year is
being well maintained.
It Is reported that some members arc still packing blankets, this
is unnecessary, the employers are
willing to provide blankets and
sheets as called tor ln the schedule
of camp cosditions, and even if
they were not willing the men are
sufllciently organized to get them.
What about it?  It's up to you.
It is Interesting to note that thc
ot ganization, particularly ln the
coast district, is more up-to-date
and alive than ever it wag In the
past, this is due to a variety of
causes, but undoubtedly one Important factor is the recent slip
of the employers. And lt was a
bad slip, really they should be
more careful or the question will
arise whether they are really capable of running the Industry. It
Is rumored that several employers
are already realizing the jack-pot
which they have placed themselves
In, or rather In which they have
boen placed as a result of the actions of certain autocratic Interests, However, those employers
who are prepared to face the situation, can savo themselves a lot
of worry and expense by meeting
the schedule of wages and camp
conditions called for by the' men,
otherwise—but that's their funeral,
Farnell Is Found
Guilty at Winnipeg
(Continued from page 1)
ditions   he  should   or  must  have
known up to June 20."
J udge Prendergast referred to
thc mass of evidence, consisting
of countless documents and testimony of Mayor Gray, Mounted Po.
lice members, newspaper report--
ers and others to show what had
taken place in thc strike. Many
of the witnesses who appeared
In the trial of the seven accused
of seditious conspiracy before
Judge Metcalfe and of Fred J.
Dixon, for alleged seditious libel
before Judge Gait on the seeond
floor of the Law Courts building,
descending to the ground floor to
add their testimony In the trial of
Farnell.
Innocent of Strike
"This man is not to bo held responsible, he is to be held as innocent, as you men of all -of the
strike and what occurred foboten
years before it. He Is all innocent
of that, I insist on lhat."
Judge Prendergast then referred
to the declaration of M. C. 'Mac-
Nell that the strike was. Illegal.
"No doubt there was a great deal
of hindrance and Inconvenience
during the strike, but let us remember, please, that we are not
here trying labor or capital either,
that we are not to apportion the
blame," declared the Jurht.
"Let us not forget that this mnn
must be held by you as absolutely
innocent  of  causing  that  strike-
that you cannot lay all the crimes
of the calendar to him.
"This question of the strike it-
tion In both Prince Rupert and
New Westminster.
Soft prink Dispensers report 3d
city well organ.red with exception
of places on Powell Street, which
are employing girls at $12 per
week.
Organizer Hewitt of tho Railway Carmen spoke briefly on the
International movement across the
country to ihe effect that it was
at least holding its own.
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
Labor
applied to tho natural resources of the earth has produced all tho wealth, all the
food, clothing, houses, rail?
roads, ships, factories," mansions, touring cars, pullman
cars, labor saving devises, etc.
has been produced and in a\*-
most every instance is operated by tho workers. But the
ownership is almost entirely
vested In thc hands of people who have never moved a
musclo to produco these
things. There Is only one exception to the rule and that
is ln connection with the cooperatives. All the factories,
mills, mines, houses, stores,
food nnd clothing of the cooperatives aro owned by the
workers and there Is an ever-
increasing number becoming
co-operators,
GOODS FROM ENGLAND
Goods from the Co-opem-
tlve Wholesale Society of
Manchester, Eng., are now on
view In the store, having arrived this week. Two other
shipments are on the way.
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
SPECIALS
Royal Household Flour,
per sack  $3.25
Robin Hood Flour,
per sack  $.1,55
Paelfle Milk, per tin ... 12
Aunt Jemima Pancake Flour,
4 lb. suck      SO
Co-Op Tea "Thc Best" . 05
Kmpress Strawberry Jam
(pure) 4 lb. tin $1.25
Pink Salmon, 3 tins for . 25
Scaled Raisins per pkt . 10
These prices to members only
North Vancouver Branch
Opens on Monday and the
above prices prevail there for
two days. ThlB branch store
Is located in the Mount Crown
block on First St. E.
Free Delivery  Join tlio Co-op
VANCOUVER
CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY
41 Fender Street West
Phone Sey. 493
self Is the first stage in this evidence. The words he Is charged In
the evidence with uttering is ttae
seeond stage, while tho third stage
la what happened next day.
"As.to what happened next day,
that his words were liable to pro-
duce a certain offense. But the offence stops on a certain day—It is
not that he is charged with what
was done next day for that was,
1 :\.u>,*H In hy tne crown. You
must realize that he Is charged
with only one offence.
Dismisses Evidence j
Now what did this man say? It
is all very well to talk about con-
ditions, etc. Gentlemen, there are,
two pages Jn the charges and I'm I
going to advise you to consider
two lines of that. He Is charged
with saying a whole lot of things,
but I am going to take the responsibility of telling you that you cannot hold that in this charge of seditious words except two or throe
l.'nes in which he called on them
to hold that parade. Of courso, I
advise you to read certain parts
along with that. He also said
they should have some place to assemble.
"These crimes of sedition are too
serious, and a man is not. guilty
of sedition because ho lots his temper get u little the better of himself."
Judge Prendergast then discussed the evidence given by certain
witnesses, declaring that Campbell
and McLaughlin, two mounted police members, contradicted each
other on certain details.
"McLaughlin said he (Farnell)
said, 'Constitutional government
had failed, a'nd we're going to try
something olse,'" the Judge declared. "One was positive, but the
other was not positive as to the
alternative,
"I don't say Mr, Batsford's evidence is unreliable. Batsford Is a
Free Press cartoonist and. reporter,
who gave evldenee ln both the
other trials. "But he says ho
doesn't remember the words of a
meeting, being only concerned with
the general character or tenor of
a meeting. He did say, however,
that the general temper of the
meeting was orderly.
"Mr. MacNeill referred to 'tumultuous peace,' three times, and I
think he referred to the silent
parade in order to show more
clearly what the mood of the accused must havo been. I throw
these out.
"There is no doubt this man
said pome things which were 111-
advU' , but you must give a little
latitnue."
The judge then quoted from the
work of Mr. Cramshaw, a Canadian, "which I claim it won't do
you any harm to read, for although
it is not law, it does carry weight,
"He flrst goes over certain cases
of 100 years ago, when a man was
hanged, drawn and quartered,
when he did not favor what was
considered thc right form of political organiation."
Concluding, Judge Prendergast
salt.'
"This young man urged that a
parade be held. The question is.
were those words calculated and
Intended. When ho said Ihey
should have a silent parade, would
ihe natural effect be that there
would follow a tumultuouus disobedience of the peace, and did he
intend that should be so?
"It has not been shown to you
how the riot was precipitated. It
would be very unwise for you to
say how the riot was precipitated,
Some strikers might say the police wore tearing at them. There
la the trouble, just because we can
not place the blame.
"If certain things were left he-
fore you to decide, it would be a
miscarriage of justice. But when
it comes to tho essential point, I
leave it to you. I am not interfering with the facts, which Js in your
domain, but I'm hero to tell you
thc law, and it is up to you to take
the Issue as I am laying it before
you,
The Silent Parade
"There is no doubt that what
was meant by a silent parade was
an assertion of protest, but purely
and simply a moral protest. The
intention was not to assert force, or
to have music. Was the calling of
that parade liable to create a tumultuous disturbance of the peace?
"This man is as much entitled
to the benefit of the doubt as all
who are accused, and not more.
There are three ingredients—the
speaking of the words, what would
be their effect if carried out, and
did he intend what took place to
occur?
"lf in doubt on any of these
points, give him the benefit of thc
doubt. It must be a real doubt, a
reasonable doubt. , After making
an honest effort, in talking among
yourselves, if you think he is guilty
say he is guilty, and If not guitly,
that he is not guilty.
Veterans Present
"You must be unanimous in order to bring in a verdict of either
guilty or not guilty."
Many war veterans, comrades of
the accused, were present to hear
tho closing addresses of Mr. Hymen, counsel for the accused, and
Mr. MacNeil, for the crown, as well
as the judge's charge. Dave Scott,
Winnipeg Free Press reporter, a
newspaper writer of more than 26
years' experience, gave valuable
testimony for the defence, In the
trial of tho seven, Wednesday morning, although he waB called by
the crown,
"The papers were filled with
glaring headlines about tho foreign
menace, several months before the
strike," he said under cross-examination.
No Jobs for Veterans
"There was a great deal of noise
that the returned soldiers were
not getting the positions held by
aliens. On returning home large
numbers of returned soldiers were
not able to get positions. ThiB
conditions was getting worse. The
press joined in with the soldiers
in their actions about their inability to get work. The returned soldiors were very hostile to the aliens
In and about Winnipeg.
"They went to the mayor, to the
premier of the Province, and to
any one they thought could do justice to them. They were very insistent.
"The papers printed editorials in
reference to tho alien (question.
The soldiers held meetings of pro-
tost.
."I remember onc meeting whore
the returned soldiers were going
to clean out the Telegram."
Thc Telegram, an evening newspaper, is one of the most bitter
papers against the forces of Labor.
The cost of living has been a very
.bmiIuus question In Winnipeg dur
ing the last two or three years,"
witness said.
"There was a continual clamor,
the workers saying 'give us a living
wage. We're not.getting enough to
live on,' and 'our bosses are not
treating us fairly.'
'There was also a great amount
of discussion about profiteering."
When Mr. Scott, who is labor and
police reporter for the Free Press;
and who visited tho Labor Temple
nearly every night during the
strike, was asked about certain:
parts of the constitution of the
Trades and Labor Council, A. J. i
Andrews, K.C, chief crown prosecutor, objected. ', i
"The constitution of the Trades |
and Labor Council has nothing to.
do with this case," declared Justice
Metcalfe. ,
"So that there may be no misun- j
derstanding, I want to eay that
there is no legal powor on earth
by which any council may force any
union out. That's law. There's no
international body can force any
Canadian union out. They can
bribe them. Every time you deal
with a United States union you can
bet the United States gots tlio best
of it."
Mr. Andrews objected to certain
statements about the international
unions mado by defense counsel.
"The International officers Bhow
that more money is sent here than
is sont across the border," declared
Isaac Pitblado, crown counsel who
appeared for the iron masters before the Mathers'* commission.
"The international officers claim
that."
The newspaper man, under furthor cross-examination, said that
the vote of each union for the
strike was very large.
"Everything possible to avoid
strikes was done," he declared.
"They were very earnest ln their
desire to avoid a strike. I always
found that from all the reports I
got around' the Labor Temple it
would seem that It was impossible
to avoid a strike. The strike was
called to bring about collective bargaining and a living wage.
"All seemed sincere about the
purpose of the strike.
"Everyone connected with the
strike that I knew was endeavoring
to keep law and order in Winnipeg.
I heard many instructions to preserve law and order given. They
said, 'Wo want peaee, peace, peace.
They wore saying, 'Don't do anything that will cause trouble.* Their
advico at all times was, 'Do riot do
nothing.' That was their attitude
throughout.
Mnny to Do Work
"Outside of those on strike thero
were thousands of able-bodied men
In Winnipeg who could do the work
necessary if they so desired. They
could look after the garbage if they
were so inclined."
Here thero was laughter and the
court officials called for order.
"There were plenty of horses and
rigs," witnss continued under the
skillful cross-examination of R. A.
Bonnar, chief counsel for tho defense.
Mr. Andrews objected to this line
pf examination, after Mr. Bonnar
had asked if lawyers and others
were not permitted to perform necessary work.
"Were there not 1,000 able-bodied men on the Citizens' Committee
who could do this work?" Mr. Bonnar then asked.
Mr. Scott then answered in the
affirmative.
"They (the strikers) did suggest
that they (tho Citizens' Committee
of 1,000) do it?" Mr. Bonnar then
asked. Mr. Andrews, who acted for
the committee of 1,000 during tho
strike, objected again.
"All the strikers were doing was
to carry out their motto of "do nothing and let the other fellows do
tho work if they so desired,' " tho
newspaper man said.
No Reference to Conspiracy
Mr. Bonnar: "I'm going to risk
this question. During the whole
time that you were going amongst
these men of the strike committee
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and the strikers did you ut any
time ever hear any conspiracy to
ovorthrow the courts of the government?"
Judge Metcalfe: "you needn't
answer that queatlon in that form."
Mr. Bonnar; "Did you ever hear
any talk amongst these men in reference to conspiracy?"
Mr. Soott:   "No, I did not."
Mr. Bonnar then asked about
election campaigns In which our
friend, A. J. Andrews ran ngainst
Fred J. Dixon (Dominion Labor
Party-, Oeorge Armstrong (Socialist Parly of Canada), and other
Candidates. The judge disallowed
these questions,
Mr. Scott said that, as a reporter,
he had seen all kinds of Socialist
literature.
Mr. Bonnar proceeded to ask-fur-,
ther about sueh literature naturally being in homos when Judge Metcalfe replied: "It's only a herring
across the trail. The fact that it's
read for a thousand years makes
it none the less seditious."
Mr. Bonnar: "Can histories be
purchased anywhere?"       ,
Mr, Andrews objected.
Mr. Bonnar: "Is the Socialist
'communist manifesto,' which is a
history, found any place?"
Judgo^Metcalfe: "If you Include
that, in "histories. I must disallow
Lho question." **?
Citizens' Committee's Part
-Mr. Bonnar then questioned the
witness about the activities of thc
so-called "Citizen?' Committee."
Mr. Bonnar:   "It is reported that
most of the disorders in Winnipeg*
during the striko were caused.'
through the instrumentality of the
Citizens1 Committee.
Mr, Andrews objected and Judge
Metcalfe disallowed the question.
Several other questions of this
nature were disallowed.
Mr. Bonnar: "There was a sort
of rag of a sheet Issued during ihe
strike called the "Citizen."
Mr. Scott:   "Ves,"
Mr. Bonnar: "Who was the cdl->
tor?"
Mr. Andrews objected and Judgo
Metcalfe disallowed the question-
Questions about the advertisements of the so-called "Citizens'
Committee" In the newspapers during lite strike were disallowed, in- '
.cHuUng.one.asking if "advertisements and articles put in newspapers during the strike by tke Citizens' Committee were calculated to
stir up strife." j
As a matter of fact, Mr. Andrews*
in his anxiety, said, "Question disallowed" before Judge Metcalfe had
the opportunity.
"Did your paper (the Free Press)
on Jiuio 17, the night after these
men here were arrested, come out
with a strong editorial condemning ,
the manner in which the men were ,
arrested  during the strike?"  was\'
another question disallowed. I
"Counsel for the defense Is deliberately giving information to the
jury," shouted Mr. Andrews In
making objection to this line of
questioning.
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