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British Columbia Federationist Mar 2, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Industrial unity ■■ strength
m Official Organ_Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        .^political unity: victort
^FIFTEENTH YEAR.  No. 9
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B.<C., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 2, 1923
$2.50 PER YEAR
(UNEMPLOYED TO IS.
MEET ON \\ REVIEWS EFFECTS
3
*%
Y W__f-m_mM
I Mass Meeting Arranged for
Empress Theatre
At 3 p.m.
[Trades Council and Other
Organizations Will Be
Represented
Some two weeks ago, it joint meeting between tho unemployed conference  committee  and  the Vancouvor
* Trades and Labor Council, was held
for the purpose of considering the unemployed situation.
At that meeting, It wns decided that
tho Trades Cuncll should be requested to form a Federal Labor Union to
take care of the uuskilled or semi*
skilled workers, that a delegation of
two should go to Victoria to interview
.the attorney general, and that a mass
mooting, under tho auspices of the
two organizations should be held to
hoar the report of the delegation.
Following theso doclaions, the delegation saw the attorney general on
the 19th, and a meeting for the presentation of the report has been arranged for Sunday, March 4, in the
Empress theatre, at S p.m.
Several speakers will be on the
platform, including R. P. Pettipiece
and  Georgo H.  Hardy,  representing
; the   Vancouver   Trades   and   Labor i
, Council;  J. Woods, representing the
■ unemployed,.- and it ls expected that
n "VV. A, Pritchard will also speak, In
\ addition to those already named, and
] the two delegates who met the attor-
i ney goneral, W. H. Cottrell, chair-
i man  of  the  unemployed  conference
committee, will tako the chair.
All workers, employed or unemployed,   organized   or   unorganized,   are
' urged to attend this meoting, so that
they may l^ear working class opinions
. as to the unemployed question, and
tho needs for immediate action and
■ organization on tho part of the work-
f ers. Get there eurly and avoid the
! rush, as tho thoatro ls limited in capa-
j city, and can only accommodate the
numbor of peoplo allowed by law;
overcrowding will not be allowod, so
get there Iii timo.
\
OF UNI
saJ
I s "Diplomacy" of Big-
%iancial Institutions
in War
A
LABOR MEMBERS OF PROVINCIAL HOUSE TO SPEAK
««««««       ******   ««««*«    ******       ******       *«««*« .    ******
AT NANAIMO SUNDAY-ORGANIZATION ONLY WAY
******       ******       ******   ******       ******    ******       ******
MINERS CAN GET A MODICUM OF SAFETY IN MINES
 : . i
REPORTS foam Vancouver Island indicate that never since the big coal miners' strike of 1913 has
so much interest been aroused in the ranks of the Island miners with regard to organization, and
if .the reports have any foundation, it will not be long before the miners are again organized.
fhe disaster at Cumberland a few weeks ago has been thc cause of much discussion as to how to
safeguard the lives of the miners, and organization is on every occasion brought forward, as thc only
solution.
On Sunday next, March 4th, Sam Guthrie and E. ll Neelands, members of the provincial house
for Newcastle and South Vancouver respectively, will address a meeting in Nanaimo. It is expected
that the question of organization will be the issue of the meeting, and in local labor circles, it is hoped
that something tangible will result.
During the last session of the provincial house, Mr. Menzies, "independent" member for the constituency in whieh Cumberland is situated, opposed the proposal of Tom Uphill, member for Fernie,
which was to thc effect that men who were not employed in the mine to be inspected, should beon
the gas committees. At that time Mr. Menzies stated that he-had consulted the miners of his constituency, and they had declared that no change was desired by the miners.
This happened shortly after the explosion last September, and Mr. Menzies took the stand that
any such aetion would hamper the coal mining industry, and for this reason the amendment sought
by the member for Fernie was inadvisable.
The disaster of a few weeks ago, however, proves that such a provision was necessary, and that the
"independent" member for the riding was more interested in the production of coal than he was in
the safety of the miners.
But there is another side to the story, and that is that on February 13th, the miners of Cumberland
in mass meeting, protested against the aetion of the Rev. Mr. Menzies at the last session of the provincial houseN and repudiated the statement that the miners had been consulted as to their desires on
the question:
While the expression of the miners of Cumberland as to the veracity of Mr. Menzies was most emphatic, the following interesting figures, taken from thc report of the minister of mines for the year
1921 ai'e most interesting.
During that year, or at the time the report was prepared, tho number of men employed in the Cumberland mines was as follows: Supervisors and clerical workers, underground, 52; white miners, underground, 148; laborers, underground, 119; mechanics and sRilled laborers, 68, and ten boys. The
above were all whito workers. Above ground the white workers employed werorcported as follows:
Supervisors and clerical workers, 33; laborers, 103; mechanics and skilled laborers, 149, and 19 boys.
A grand total of 701 white workers.
The following is a list of Asiatic workers employed at that time: Underground Jap miners, 66;
laborers, 9; Chinese miners, 94; Chinese laborers, 256. | Above ground there were 194 Chinese laborers
and one Jap; a total pf 620 Asiatic workers employed in or around the mines.
The Federationist docs not take exception to any man because of his race or color, But the fact
remains, that the miners of Cumberland have protested against the employment of the Asiatics in thc
mines, but the mine owners say that they must continue to employ them in order to keep up the output, and .for that reason the wisheB of the men, who every day of their lives when working face death,
are compelled to submit to the conditions which they do not like. There can only be one means to
enforce thc miners' demands, and that is by organization, and the sooner the miners of Vancouver
nt country." I Island recognize this fact, the sooner will thcir conditions be improved. ' In the meantime the cru-
Ami n_ indicating thnt there was| plovers' wishes dictate tho terms on which the miners shall work and, might wc add alBo, die.   The
Urges   Caqadian   Government to Forego Claims
on Germany
Ottawa—A modernte and able discussion of the causes of the great war
was presented to tho Canadian House
of Commons by* J. S. V. oodsworth,
Labor momber for Contre Winnipeg,
in a speech upon the reparations problom. Ho said that he did not exonerate Germany "for the dastardly part
sho i)lnye__in the war," but he quoted
from ex-Premier Nitti of^ Italy, *ex-
Premler'Lloyd George"bf Britain, E.
D. Morel and others £o show that
"Germany was not solely responsible
for the war."
In one passage of his speech, the
Labor member put on record a distinction between the policies of the great
mass of a nation and those of the
tinanciers, which is well worthy of repetition.
"Further we )Ught to remember
very clearly," he said, "that whilst
certain policies may be arrive, at in
Grent Britain, these may in fact represent the conclusions of only a
small section of the British people—
possibly only tho conclusions of her
diplomats or her great financiers.
Some of us take the ground licre that
the interests of the common people of
thiB country are not identical with the
intcroHts of the moneyed kings of th'e
country; and a great many of the
people of. England, aB shown by the
last election, are nlso taking the
ground thnt wo ought not to follow
the great flnnncial leaders of Great
Britain. If we criticize British policy,
wo aro crltlclziuK the policy, not of
-tho grent masses of the people of
Grent Britain, but tho policy of a certain definite section of the people of
that country,"
Business Agent Asks New
Registration of Unem-
v    uloyed Members
Local 452 of tho United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, hold
• a successful meoting on Monday last,
and thenumber of applications for
membership denoted tlie trend of the
movement as well as tho impi'jvo-
►fliont In trade.
While the regular business ot dealing with problems affecting tho everyday interests of thc membors tool, up
tho best part of tho evening, sullleioiit
time was devotod to the soeial side
of the organization, and on tho recommendation of a committee, de-
"cided to hold a smoking concert at
'the next meeting, which wUl bo held
March 12th. Tho usual ordor of
j business will he gono through, and
! the meeting then adjourned, and a
smoker hold. All members oro requested to turn out and show the
committee that they approciato the
offorts being put forwnrd to give
[them  an  enjoyable evening,
Huslness Agent Hardy reported
that thore was a chango in tho labor
market, and Lhat there was a demand
for a number of men who wore willing to go to out of town jobs at short
Wtlco. He also stated that lhe namca,
at present on tho unemployed book
■would be removed, and that all unemployed mombor.*! are requested to
register again so that tho list will be
up to date.
Referring to local sltuulions, the
(business ugont roported lhat Woodward's job waa now uuion so far*as
the carpenters are concerned, but
that out of four mon employed on the
Hospital only three were union men,
•and the sainre' conditions existed on
Bchool Jobs.
Tho sick committeo reportod as to
ithe condition of Bick members and
spocial stress was laid on the cuse of
W. Rennlo, who was knocked down
by an auto on Saturday last, and had
both legs and one arm broken. Bro.
Rennie has been a member for a
number of years, and a general ox-
presslon of regret as to his mlsfor*
[ tune was voiced by tho moeting.
Organizer J. W. Wilkinson, In discussing tho worlt which is already
undor way on the waterfront, ' and
which Ib expected to be started In tho
near future, urged that some foresight should bo shown whon tho different jobs arc first mooted, and not
loft until they aro under way. The
wages being paid on Canadian Pacific
railway boats running from this port
when having repair worlt carried out,
were also dlBcussod, and lt was deeid-
Eod that efforts would bo made to get
the union rate established on this
work.
The vote on the action of the Trades
|and Labor Council's action In soatlng
7v. R. Mldgley as a delegate, will bo
j taken at thiB meeting, and all mom-
Ibers are requested to attend and voto
__ that the truo opinion of tho local
|may be ascertained. •
Patronize Fedorationist advertisers.
division of opinion In Gormany. ns in
Britain, he paid a tribute to Karl
Liebknecht, "who stood up in the
Reichstag there and suggested that
war credits should not bo* voted, who
was," addfi Woodsworth, "hailed as
being the bravest man in Europe."
Tho Woodsworth motion was a declaration that Canada should forego
all her claims upon Gormany for reparations. Very much the same proposition has been made by Nowton
W. Rowell, who was a member of the
Union Conscription government during the u ir. Rowell Umltod his sufe-
gestior .:lnlms   for  pensions   and
separation allowances, but these form
from 75 to 90 per cent, nfstho total
Canadian claims. In spite, however,-
of the moderation of the Woodsworth
resolution, it did not ret a discussion
on lta merits. His ralm analjsis of
the causes of tho war roused the old
war feelings in tho Houso. It was
noticeable, howevor, that no ono undertook (o justify the heavy burden
put upon Germany by reparations.
Open Charter Is Effort to
Unionize All Bands
and Orchestras
Tho Musician-- Mutual Protective
Union, Local 145, A. F. of M.( has
started a drive for new mombors. In
order to meot tbo conditions which
havo boen complained of In tho columns of Tho Federationist, and' to
unlonlzo all tho men and women'following the occupation of musicians,
tho local has decided to open the charter and reduce the Initiation fee from
$2G to ?10. This rato will be effectlvo
until  Match  18 noxt.
In view of tho fact that the musicians will not accept any member unless ho or she belongs to a Labor
union, If tho applicant, follows any
occupation covered by an organization, tho local expects ail membors of
organizod labor who either play ln
orchestras or bands, to join tho Musicians organization. Secrotary Jamleson states that at tho present timo,
thero aro many musicians, members
of other trades unions, who are competing against tho Musicians Union,
nnd should they fall ^i take advantage
of the reduction rfy tho timo It expires, their local unions will be appealed to which undoubtedly will
cause the member embarrassment and
nn additional $15. He also states that
his organization has tho full backing
of tho Theatrical Trades Unions, and
that every offort will bo made to
unionize all bands and orchestras.
moral should bc obvious.
BOND HATRED IS MUSICIANS HARD HIT LEGISLATURE WILL
G     BYtENERAL    HI CHANCE TO
Mrs. Lewis States That It Is
a Black Tale Which
War Produced
Fritz Kreisler and  Other
Artists Aid German
Workers
France Determined to De-Industrial Chaos of Germany
Technical Aid Danco
Tho Society for Tochnlcal Aid for
Soviet Russia will hold a hard-times
dance at the Clinton Hall, corner of
Clinton and Pender Streets, on Saturday, March 3rd. Good prizes aro offered, for costtfmes. Admission, ladles
25c, gouts, GOc.
"In addition to Bottling with the
Typographical Union, A. H. Timms,
local prlntor. has signed agreements
with tho Printing Pressmen and
Bookbinders UnionB,
Patronize Foderationist advertisers,
stroy Enemy of French'
Capitalism
Philadelphia.™Blind hatred la animating France in her Invasion of the
Ruhr. Europo is collapsing In disaa-
tor and America may also be on-
gulfed.
Theso ore the convictions brougnt
back from' Europe by Lucy Blddle
Lewis of the Society of Frienda whero
she attended the Hague conferenco
of tho Women's International League
for Peaco and Freedom presided over
by Jano Addama.
"It is a black tale," said Mrs.
Lewis, "but I talked lo a number oi
men and women In Europe and tbo
facts are gouerally recognized. Everywhere in Europe the results of tho
world war are working dlsustor ond
sooner or lator America will suroly
bo engulfed ln tho general ruin if
Europe falls into chaos.
"Not only has Franco Invadod tho
Ruhr, but she Is using her Influence
to forco Poland to attack Germany
on lho east. Poland realizes tho sorl-
ousness of Biich a step, but Franco
finances the Polish army and largely
offlcors lt. Now she demands this return. Russia la ready to come to
Germany's aid, and tho Poles know
only too well what this means. They
have had enough of tlgnting, and
their dlfltractod country noeds peaco
and settlement, but It will bo difficult
to refuso Franco's demands.
"At the closo of the war the new
German republic had littlo bitterness
toward Franco, and many of tho
peoplo were ready to be friends and
to pay reasonable reparations fortn«
devaatatlons they acknowledged they
had committctd. It seemed possible
tho feud of centuries might be healed. Unfortunately Franco took lho
other way, determining to ruin her
adversary rathor than try to make a
friend. By tho impossible provisions
of tho Versailles treaty, the spirit In
which they hnve been enforced so
far aa possiblo, and tho torrlble conditions under tho army of occupation,
a widespread spirit of hatred has been
engendered amongst all classes In
Germany, and revenge Is likoly to be
tho cry of tho future.
"Meanwhile tho Turk awaits results,
postponing any settlement nt Lausanne; tho Balkans aro a soething
cauldron of hatred, strlfo, jealousy,
ambition; and Islam grimly, eagerly;
watches ns tho christlnn natlonB kill
each other and destroy thoir vaunted
civilization."
Creates a Unique
Situation
[By Louis 1'. r_ochner]
(ISuropean Dir. Federated Press)
Berlin, Germany—One of tho trades
In Germany that has been hardest hit
by tho general misery of tho eountry
Is tbat of tho musician. Professional
musicians arc so underpaid that tho
Philharmonic Orchestra of Berlin
would have- been forced to the wall
had not Fritz Kreisler nnd othor art'
lsts given benefit concerts for It in
Berlin, London and elsewhere. Most
of tho Philharmonic musicians who
appear before tho audiences with stiff
collars and While bosom shirts havo
no underwear beneath this Immueu
late front despite tbe winter season.
Many non-professional musicians In
other trades arc, unwillingly perhaps,
scabbing on  thoir brothers by devol-
(Continuod on page 2)
F. L. P, Meeting
usual   propaganda  meeting
Tho
tho Federated Labor Parly will bc held
at headquarters, 148 Cordova Street
West, on Sunday night, at 8 p.m, The
speakor will bo Dr. Lyle Telford and
Mrs. Taylor will take tho chair. All
pai'ty membors aud friends aro Invited.
Will Appeal for  Abolityan
of Criminal Syndicalism .
Harold Ware Wants American Manufacturers to
Compete
Big International Exhibition
To Be Held in
Moscow
[By Louis P. Lochner]
Berlin—Harold Ware, one -of the
directing heads in the Technical Aid
unit of the Friends of Soviet Russia,
who took tractors and an aggregation
of husky North Dakota farmer lads
Into the Russian Urals to work a strip
of land owned by the Kiesel miners, ia
on his way to the United States.
He hopes to interest American manufacturers of agricultural machinery
to take part in an international exposition in Moscow from August till
October of this year. The commissariat of foreign affairs ls extending invitations to manufacturers of agricultural machinery in every part of the
world.
A feature of the exposition is to be
a six weeks' competitive demonstration on Russian soil of the brands of
machinery exhibited. Thla international competition promises to be entered by manufacturers of standing ln
every country.
"Our American pioneers who went
over there with the Technical Aid,
have rendered a great service to the
Friends of Soviet Russia and to Russia," said ware, "in finding out exactly and practically what are the needs
of Russia and in what concrete manner Americans can help to supply
these needs. We have had to disabuse
ourselves of many fantastic notions
that some individuals held, and now
wo return with a clear idea both of
the needs and of the manner ln which
we may fit into these needs.
\ "One great need Is that of farming
machinery for the miners ln the Kiesel
mines region. I am going to America
In the hope of making the American
miners see that, in order to let these
miners in Russia continue to own and
operate thoir mine, it is necessary that
they be fed properly. This can be
done if we have enough agricultural
machinery. Wo havo taught the Russian peasant of that region how to
operate tho tractor, but at the same
time you will find the peasant womon
mowing down the grain with the primitive sickle."
Ware speaks with warm enthusiasm
of the work done by the North Dakota boys. "They went on beyond the
time for which they had agreed to
como," ho said, "and worked for six
weeks without pay, never uttering a
word of objection. On the contrary,
thoy Hold they wore willing fo stick
thero longer if thoy could be useful.
Thoy are still there."
Ware hopes to interest American
farmers and colonizers In applying for
Demands Return of Ships
Stolen by Admiral Stark
Retains Right to Claim the
Vessels Wherever
Found
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—Any private persons or
foreign government* that buy tha
Moscow ships recently stolen from.
Vladivostok by Admiral Stark, leader
of the refugee Whites, do so on their
own risk after the announcement by
the All-Russian central executive committee, •
When the Red army moved into
Vladivostok, Admiral Stark fled with
hla fleet to Japan, and put the boats
up for auction. The Russian government issued an order to him to return,
offering full amnesty to commanding
staff and crews tn caso of voluntary
Submission.
Stark thought lt better and mora
profitable to sell the boats and disposed of one ship, the Mansur, to the
Japanese government for $18,000. He
tried also to sell the transport Ohodsk.
The Russian government announces
that lt will not recognize any euch
sale, and that it maintains the right to
claim these boats wherever found
hereafter. It demands of all governments whose ports they enter to take
"all means for detention of the criminals and the return of, the boats, the
staff and the crew to Russia."
The order, may not prove immediately effective, but as Russia ls recognized by moro and more governments,
the ships are likely to have a diminishing value which may discourage
purchasers.
lio sure to notify the post office
soon as you change your address.
Industrial Unionism Live Is
sue in Montreal Central
Labor Body
Montreal—Industrial unionism hns
been mado a live Issue In tho Trades
and Labor Council of this city. A
resolution,-introduced by the Machinists Union, jiropoMod to commit lho
couhcll to a declaration that all unionB
should be federated by Industries,
Tills proposal, Involving a departure
from the dominant craft unionism of
tbe council, was defeated by a motion
to refer tho mailer to the oxecutivo.
Last month tho shop craft workers
of this city decided to clrculariyo all
the railway unions In Canada with a
viow to holding a convention to discuss tho amalgamation of the sixteen
standard railroad unions. Tho proposal Is tho Minnesota plan.
Twenty-one Men Are to Be
Tried During March
Under This Act
Lansing, Mich.—Repeal of the
Michigan criminal syndicalsim act
under whicb 21 Labor mon will be
tried at St. Joseph, beginning wilh
Wm. Z. Foster March 12, Is demanded
in a resolution to be introduced when
tho Michigan legislature reconvenes
hore.
Tho text of the act, which resembles the ads pnssed in over 30 othor
Statos during the anti-red hysteria,
whipped up in 1919 by Attorney Gen,
Palmer and the privato detective agencies,   follows:
"Soction 1. Criminal syndicalsim if
hereby defined as the doctrine which
advocates crimo. sabotage, violence
and other unlawful methods of terror
Ism as a moans of accomplishing in
dustrial or political reform.
"Tho advocacy of such (loiiriiu-
whether by word of mouth or writing
Is a felony punishable us In tho act
otherwise provided.
"Section _!. Any .person who by
word of mouth or writing advocates
or loaches the duty, necessity or pro
prioty of crime, sabotage, violenco or
other unlawful methods of terrorism
as a means of accomplishing Industrial or political reform; or prints,
publishes, edits, issues or knowingly
circulates, sells, distributes, or pub'
llcly displays any book, paper, docu
ment or written matter in any form,
containing or advocating, advising or
teaching the doctrlno that industrial
or political reform should be brought
about by crime, sabotage or violenco
or othor unlawful methods of terrorism or openly or willingly and deliberately justifies by word* of mouth or
writing, tbe commission or the attempt to commit crime, sabotage, violonco or other unlawful methods of
terrorism with Intent to exemplify,
sprond or advocate the propriety of
criminal syndicalism j or organizes or
holps io organize, or becomo a member of an organization or voluntarily
assembles with any society nr group
or assemblage Ot persons formed lo
teach or advocate the doctrine of
criminal syndicalism Ib guilty of a
felony punishable hy no more than
ten years Imprisonment or by a fine
of not moro thnn $5000 or both at
tho  discretion  of thc court.
"Approved May 12, 1910."
farm concessions in the Ural,
did tracts of land are here,
waiting for somebody to
them.
Splon
he says,
develop
ON UNFAIR UST
Saratoga Springs, N. Y.—Alice Davis, 72, froze to death in her home at
Whitehall, near here, because she
could not obtain coal and her attempt
to make a flre with groep wood failed.
Residents have seized coal from railroad' yards.
YIO
Minneapolis—Legislative Investigation of tho fitness of strike-breakers to
make repairs on locomotives and ears
Is asked by tho Minneapolis Labor Re
vlew.
Seamen Put Canadian Volunteer on Roll of
"Honor"
The Canadian Government Merchant Marine Lid., havt- added one more
vessel lo lho large fleet of ships Hint
are In operation from this port, name
ly, the H.N. Canadian Volunteer, which
Ih to tako up the same run as the
Rover. Farmer and Observer to San
Francisco and way ports. Tho volun*
nteer is a larger ship than any of tin
enaslers nl ready mentioned. Whon
tbo Volunteer was running fr
Eastern Canada, she had a crew of
six flromon, and three trimmers, one
doukoyman, six A. U.'s and two dock
boys, ono bosun, one carpenter, ono
cook, one lind cook and one mess boy.
Tho Volunteer otllclals of tho C. G. M.
M. Ltd., decided to cut down tho crow,
and tbis is hew they did il' Six firemen
and four trimmers, six A. B.'b, and one
bosun, no carpenter, no 2nd cook, no
2hckfltewnrd,
Tbe firemen and trimmers that camo
out on the ship, refused to sign on
again, unless tho stokehold crow was
the same numbor as tbey had boen
running out of Western Canada. Tho
reason the men gave for doing so, was
lhat the Volunteer was a stllT job, and
they (the men) did not think tbat
thoy would bo able to do It.
The Federated Seafarers bad iwo
speeial meetings to consider the matter, as tbe C. G. M. M. Ltd. wero open
to negotiate, but practically stood pat
on pulling a short-handed crew on lho
Volunteer. Thoroforo at tho last
special meeting of tho Federated Seafarers Cnlon on Thursday. Fob. 22, a
committee roported that on Thursday,
22nd, I hoy had beon In consultation
with the c. a, M. M. oiiiciais, regarding the matter of putting six tlromen
nnd throe trimmers ou her, tho Bame
as tho original crow, but after two
solid hours, tho C. G. M. M. officials
decidod not to givo any moro men
than six flromon nnd two trimmers.
Tho meeting passed a resolution, declaring tho 8.8. Canadian Volunteer
unfair. Therefore all members of organized labor aro warned io keep away
from tho S.S. Canadian Volunteer.
Railroads and Coal Operators Join Hands to
Crush Workers
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Pross Correspondent)
- New York.—Thc reason lhat scores
of eltles and towns In Northern New
York, shivering with cold, are dc-
|4nonding a government embargo on
coal to Canada, is lhat the coal-carrying railroads, particularly the Delaware & Hudson, nnd the New York,
New Haven & Hartford, have refused
to settle wilh ih.ilr striking shop
crafts workmen. That fact was
brought out here bofore the interstate
commerce commission.
In one yard of tho 'Delaware &
Hudson, ono of thc commission's investigators found -22 loaded cars
billed to towns in Northern New
York which had boen from 13 to 40
days on the'rails uiitl still were standing.
The general umn.'.j,oi' of lbe Now
Haven admitted that hfs road b:.d 500
cais detained at one transfer point.
Tho superintendent nf transportation
for tbe l.oston A Maine railroad testified lhat Ills road had 080 ears licit
ii]i nt upstate junctln points.
•following lliese admissions, Kuyul
8, Copeland, Now York (My h<;.lth
c6mmlsslorior, declared that his Investigations had shown that
iher
onsplri
collusion,  it  not   acl
among tbo "big five" railroad companies and  the eoal  mine operators
lu limit supply and transportation,
Lockouts by the railroads of tho
shop craftsmen, Copeland nssi-ried.
havo caused the demoralization of
rolling stock. He assorted further
tbnt tbo coal famine had beon aggravated by the refusal of railroad ofil-
cials to appiovo wngo agreements and
agreement on working conditions
and hours of work which havo beon
rataiflod betwoen tho officials' representatives and the employees; and
finally, that tbo railroad companies
are defying tlio laws which should
compel  Ihom to  fulfil  thpir duties as
public utility corporations.
"A ten-mlnute conference," ho
said, "among public-spirited railroad '
fficlols and eoal mine operators—
if there are any—would settle all controversies, and tho poople who freeze
because of tho failure of those men
to perform their duties would get ihe
relief they demnnd.
"Tho chief offenders among the
railroads aro tho Pennsylvania, tho
Lehigh Vnlley, tho Lackawanna, tho
Delaware & Hudson, und tho Central
of New Jersey,"
Forum Meeting
Tlio usual forum will be hold on
Sunday. March 4, from 3 to r> p.m. at
tho W. P. Hall, 303 H Ponder Street
West, when Prof. Angus, of the B, C,
University, will take ns his subject,
"Czechoslovakia, AtiBtria and Hungary In 1922."
Alwnys look tip The Fed. advertisers
before making purchnsos. PAr-F TWO
fidteenth year, nd. 9 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancquvbb, b. c.
FRIDAY.. March », 11
BRITISH ...IIMBM FEDERATIONIST
p«bli_tied every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Bualneaa Office:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Offlce:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:  P. R. Beiigough. R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Oeorge Bartley.
Bub-c.lptlon Rate: United States and Foreign. $3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, 11.60 for six months; to
Unions subscribing ln a body, 16c per member per
Month.
I'nlty of labor: The Hope of the World
..March 2, 1923
The Policy of "Beggar My Neighbor"
WHILE PEOPLE STARVE, and Europo is on the
verge of ruin, tho politicians and diplomats play
at the old gamo of "beggar my neighbor." And
after all, what are polities in the international
sense. Aro lho machinations of thc different sections of the ruling class carried out with the interests of the wealth producers as thoir objectivo, or
arc they but struggles for power and pelf. History
will give tho answers to these questions, if studied,
for after all, history as she is written, is but the history of ruling classes and their efforts to keep their
slaves in subjection, and to extend their power.
* * *
But all ruling classes, whether under feudalism,
orchatlel slavery, have had a beginning, and also
an end, and tho present ruling elass had its beginning when the present system of society became possible, and tho institution of capitalistic methods of
production spoiled tho doom of thc feudal system
and the feudal baron, and the end of capitalism is
now in sight, and it is not necessary for our readers
to take our word for it, but they can and will, no
doubt, give credenoo to the words of capitalistic
politicians and upholders of the present system.
And here is what Bonar Law has to say on the danger of working class revolution, due to the machinations of the various capitalistic countries, and particularly Prance and Great Britain, which oh, so
short a time ago were bosom friends, but are now
at outs, beoause of their conflicting interests. Speaking on the split between the policies of thc French
and thc British government, he is reported in the
press as saying:
He believed it was best to get the most money
they could out of Germany, and not attempt to
get as much as they would liko. Thc information in his possession showed Germany to be on
the point of industrial collapse.
"And indeed," ho continued, "in my opinion,
it would bo contrary to the whole experience of
history and the view of economists if such terrible inflation as has bcen going on there is not
followed by the biggest crisis seen in almost any
eountry. I am afraid lest that crash should be
precipitated."
Yes, Germany is on tho point of industrial collapse, but is Great Britain any better off? Has she
not her industrial crisis. And what of France?
Can she claim to bo free from the crash which is facing every capitalistic country? We trow not. They
are all in the same boat, while trying to keep up the
hopes of their several industrial slave groups. The
ruling class of all countries know that the jig is up,
and that the so much desired "capitalistic prosperity" will nover return. But just as hungry wage
slaves live on hope, the members of the ruling class are like Micawlier, waiting for something to turn up to save them from their
misery and uncertain position. But as John
Maynard Keynes, in his work, "The Economic Consequences of Peace" has said, the international rivalry, brought about by the present system, is in-
evitab'e. Here arc his words: Tho politics of power
are inevitable, and there is nothing new to learn
about this war, or the end it was fought for. England has destroyed, as in each preceding century, a
trad: rival, a mighty chapter had been closed in thc
secular struggle between the glories of Germany
and of France. Prudence required some measure of
lip service to thc "ideals" of foolish Americans and
hypocritical Englishmen; but it would bo stupid to
believe that Ihcre is much room in the world, as it
really is, for suoh affairs as the League of Nations,
or any sense in thc principle of self-determination
except as an ingenious formula for re-arrnging the
balance of .power in one's interests.
And that is all there is to it. The struggle in
Europe today is between conflicting interest., for
the balance of power, but the workers have not yet
recognized that until they get thc "balance of
power" they will bo the pawns of the Bonar Law's
and the Poincare's of capitalism, and suffer hunger
misery and destitution, and flght their master's battles, because Ihey do not realize that thoy have the
power, but not the balance to tako it. When they
get that balance, the days of ruling classes will be
ended.
Education in the Public Schools
influence of the red and gaudy colors of war. He
may be influenced by the martial music of the regimental bands, and who can deny that this is true.
But the education of the child on right lines can be
carried out in the home. But how many parents,
who have lost sons and even daughters through the
ravages of war, spend the time necessary to disabuse
the minds of their offspring, and prove to their
children that thc pictures wliich depict war as a
glorious pastime, are but a lie and that war is but
the outcome of the present system.
Under the present system, it is necessary that the
child should be taught to read and write; how to
measure and to add, subtract and divide figures.
Usually, if the child becomes a_ bookkeeper, he or
she spends the time given to the employers tasks, in
estimating how much the particular employer who
has engaged them, has made or lost. In other words,
in figuring out profits and losses. But when the
parents of the child who objects to war goes to the
ballot box on election day, they voto the old party
programmes; and while wc recognize that voting
will never alone get the working class freedom, yet
wc also recognize that if they do not vote for thcir
class interests, it is not likely that they will do anything else to secure thcir emancipation, ln the
meantime, we would suggest that parents who do
not wish thcir children to become camion fodder fertile ruling class, should teach their children those
facts which are not taught as to war in the public
schools.
Sleeping Sickness and Working
Class Activities
THE PRESS has announced that a cure for sleeping sickness has been found. Not being acquainted with the nature of this disease, .and realizing
that the workers have been asleep for so long that
they must have some disease of suoh a nature, we
welcome the announcement and only trust that it
may be1 applied to the world's workers, and effect a
permanent cure.
It is but a short time ago that the workers were
compelled to go to work or to goal. Today, they
cannot go to work, but if found in a condition which
necessitates the authorities being faced with the
duty of providing them with thc necessities of life
or burying them after they have starved to death,
they are sent to goal or ordered out of town.
We have recollections of poople being ordered
out of town for thcir health; that is when they have
broken down under the stress of securing profits
from thc hides of the workers. But we have never
heard of workers being ordered to sunnier climes
because their health demanded a "change," while
they are driven from one point of starvation to another, because they have not the change with which
to buy a meal.
But if by chance you attempt to call a worker by
his real name, which is obnoxious to all "free" men,
namely, a slave, he mounts his hobby horse and
blows out his chest and announces to all those in
hearing that he is not a slave, and that he is a free
man and can do as he pleases. Ye gods, it is to
laugh. His master moves from point to point for a
change, whilo the humble producer of wealth, moves
from point to point because he has not the change,
and will never get it under capitalism, and then we
wonder that sleeping sickness exists? It would appear that (here is more of it on this earth than even
tlie doctors know of, or the workers would be taking the change and getting the cats and also health
which appears to be even beyond the reach of their
master's, due to thcir manner of living, and the easy
lives they enjoy because they, can depend on a
sleepy working class to provide them with all they
need.
EDUCATION TS, at all times, in the public schools,
determined by the powers that be—in other
word., by those whose business it is to sec that the
children of the workers are educated to respect and
defend their master's property. Then they wonder
that war pictures arc hung in schools wliich glorify
the slaughter of human beings.
The child mind is plastic and amenable to the
mou'd'ng of those who are entrusted with the job
of touching the rising generation veneration of the
existing system. Even the teachers themselves,
quite unknowingly, or unconscious of the fact, have
their ideas njoulded in thcir early youth so that
thoy may impart that "knowledge" which the master c'n desires they should have disseminated to
the children, who in due season, will becomo producers o'f profit for that olass.
*       *        *
But certain people have taken exception to their
children being filled with tho idea that war is
glorious Thoy havo protested against "war pictures." Well do wo remember that in our early
days, mc wcro taught that onc Englishman was
wortli three Frenchmen. But time, coupled with
thc rebuffs of oapitalism, dispelled this idea, and
today wo find that even a Chinaman, in the eyes'of
the employer, is as good as an Englishman, providing he can deliver the goods; in other words, can
produce thc requisite amount of profits for thoso
who employ him.
But p rhaj>s war pictures are a little different.
Thc clii'd ia his plastic state, is susceptible to the
Some genius has decided that the cure for unemployment in Great Britain, is to settle the waste
spots in the colonies. We imagine that there are
lots of waste spots in British Columbia, but if there
aro other provinces which have, more, they arc welcome to the immigrants. But how they will exist on
stumps or earth we do not know. Possibly thc
genius referred to may be able to inform us.
France is supposed to be after the eream of the
Italian man power. In other words, it would appear
from press despatches, that France wants Italian
immigrants. But Italy is afraid that the best workers will go and leave the misfits and residue of
capitalistic production behind. In this there is a
lesson for Canada, or at least, Canadian workers.
While The Federationist has opposed the immigration schemes now being advocated, it might be good
policy to have the best of the British workers come
to this country, and the eream of Italy, France and
other European countries. The cream naturally
would be the militant spirits in the working class
movement. The doad ones would never leave "thoir
country," but the live ones might acquire one.
Many stories as to Russian activities have been
spread broadcast throughout the world during the
last few years. Perhaps the worst of these is that
Russia is exporting wheat, while the people in the
famine area are starving.
This story, while true, has been spread to offset
the efforts being made to care for the famine sufferers and thoso who, through the aid of the capitalistic nations, have made it impossible to ship commodities large distances.
Thc truth of thc story is as follows: Russia, seeking to do the best it can for the people, irrespective
of the class distinctions which prevail in the capitalistic countries, has recognized that with the transportation facilities destroyed by the capitalistic
powers, took steps to get the necessary supplies to
those most in need. Unable to ship direct from the
point where necessary foodstuffs were available, the
Russian government sold wheat and sent it to other
parts, and then with the money, so obtained, bought
foodstuffs and had it shipped to the parts needing
them—not only more quickly, but much more economically. If the capitalistic press which has spread
this story as to Russia shipping wheat to other
countries, had have told the truth, they would have
enunciated these facts. But Russia is in the control
ol the workers, and as in thc cases of strikes on this
continent, or working class activity, the capitalistic
press cannot speak the truth but spreads its lying
propaganda. "
Russia has neither gone back to capitalism nor
deserted her starving people, but has adopted the
°_' j P''a"t,cal methods which would bring results.
And if thc capitalistic nations who have for years
held conferences and arrived at no conclusions wish
to achieve something, they might well take a lesson
from Soviet Russia.
Mexican Workers Divide tjie
Work snd Remain
Organized
tBy,F. W. Leighton*'
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Salina Cruz, Mexico—Though United States consular reports show that
the number of ships touching at this
strategic and once active port have
dropped from 283 in 1920 to 138, the
longshoremen of the port have succeeded ln keeping alive a strong organization.
The 900 members of the Sindicato
de Estivadores Jornaleros (Union of
Longshoremen and Laborers) divide
what little work now comes to them
in an orderly and co-operative fashion.
Each momber is assigned certain days
of the month for work. When a vessel is in port work is continuous until
tho loading and unloading is accomplished, but a new set of men comes
on every eight hours. A wage of
JB.fiO ($2.80 American) is paid for
eight hours' work. Sometimes no vessel is in port on the day a member ls
scheduled an. men sometimes go for
several months without work. Since
there are no other industries in the
port and since- farm labor in the vicinity gets only from 20 to 30 pesos
($10 to $16) a month the economic
stagnation is causing privation.
Salina Cruz Is equipped with a largo
and efficient modern docking system,
with ample warehouses, large cranes,
railroad connections on the wharves,
etc., Installed before the days of the
Panama Canal when the Isthmus of
Tehauntepec was the most important
route for inter-ocean freight. Later,
revolutionary activity along the Isthmus caused lnter-ocean trafflc to be
diverted from the Salina Cruz-Puerto
Mexico route to that of the newly-
opened Panama Canal.
Members of the Longshoremen's
Union and of tho local of the Seamen's
Union of this port feel that the lack
of confidence generated by the refusal
of the Harding administration to recognize Mexico is the reason for the
failure to resume lnter-ocean shipments pointing out thnt cargo from
the Pacific to tho North Atlantic can
save 4000 miles of distance, expenses,
and two weeks' time by using this
route Instead of Panama.
Musicians Hard Hit
By General Misery
 (Continued from Page 1)
ing their evenings to semi-professional
musical work while pursuing their regular trade In daytime. They are doing It, not to Interfere with the regular men and women of the musician's
trade, but because their own wages
are so law.
The General Federation of Free
Trade Unions of Qermany found that
in certain sections of the Rhlneland
professional musicians have been
practically crowded out In the comic
operas and similar performances, because miners have to play in tho
theatres in the evenings to increase
their Income. It was found, further,
that there was a tendency among Labor unions when they had social gatherings, to engage bands of non-professionals who were organized, not in
the Musicians Union, but in the motal
trades, or In the street rallwaymen's
organizations. It was thought sufficient to hold any-kind of a union card,
even though this meant thnt such
players, while rigidly insisting on
union wages in their own trade, were
ready to work for a more pittance at
this oxtra Job.
The general federatlowproposes to
put an end to this form of working
class disloyalty. The following steps
are to be taken:
1. Workers organized ln other
trades aro to be appealed to not to engage in musical work on the side; lf
they feel that this Is necessary for financial reasons, they are to bo ordered
to Join the Musicians Union; if they
fall, they are to be treated as enemies
of organized labor.
2. The works councils are to exercise strict control over tho number of
hours during which members are at
work for pay," and If this number exceeds eight, to take stringent measures
against such offenders. In the case
of new workers coming Into any particular industry, the works councils
are to warn them against scabbing
upon the musicians.
3. The political parties of the
workers and workers' organizations,
are to engage only such musical talent
as belong to the Musicians Union.
4. Legislation ls to bo urged upon
the Reichstag and the provincial parliaments by which the eight-hour day
shall be defined as Including work for
pay during leisure hours. Men and
women In civil service positions are to
be barred from deriving an extra Incomo from musical activities.
IKE
Political   Prisoner    Takes
Drastic  Action  to
Secure Freedom
[By Karl Pretshold]
(For the Federated Press)
Boston—Declaring that he despaired of Justice In tho Massachusetts
courts, Nicola Sacco has gone on hunger striko in the' Dedham county Jail,
the Sncco-Vanzetti defence committee
announces. The hunger strike began
Feb. 15, and will be continued, Sacco
sayB, until ho is released from prison
dead or alive.
Convicted ln 1921 with Bartolomeo
Vanzetti of a payroll holdup and murder, Sacco has found it impossible to
endure the long delays of the law in
waiting for Judge Webster" Thayer to
puss on motions for a new trial.
Perjury confessions by Important
witnesses for the prosecution and additional evidence have convinced most
investigators into the case that the
two radical Italian-Americans were
victimized by the authorities, and a
crime committed by gunmen fastened
on them to stop their organizing activity among the foreign-born workers of New England.
"I am Innocent of the murder charged against me," declared Sacco, after
going several days without food ln any
form. "It Is now thirty-four months
that I am in prison for a crime
whloh I did not commit. I
refuse to permit my Imprisonment to continue without protesting. My friends have tried to dissuade mo from so extreme a atand,
but I think It is tho only way.
"My refusal to eat ls a protest
against the inability of workers in
America to secure Justice ln American courts. Look at Mooney. There is
Building Permits
Feb. 16—4021 St. Catherine Street,
James Edgerton, dwelling, 13000.
Feb. 20—2023—2nd Ave. West, J.
Nixon, dwelling, $2250; 101-J7 Hastings West, Pom. Const. Co., storo,
$146,000; 2861—8th Ave. West, A. W.
Delamont, dwelling, $2500; 1329-81-9
Robson, O. F. Betchley, stores, $900;
2029—2nd Ave. West, J. Nixon, dwelling, $2250.
Feb. 21—26—13th Ave East, A. W.
Johnson, dwelling, $3000.
' Feb. 22—2448 Grant Street, Reld &
Thompson, dwelling; $2800; 1861—
7th Ave East, Reld & Thompson, 1760;
1861 William, J. 8. Klfflngton, dwelling, $2500; 2668 York, F, G. Bell,
dwelling, $2800; 2666—10th Ave. W„
Mrs. G. K. Quigley, $2500.
Fob. 23—2770—8th Ave. West, Dag-
avel & Kllgour, dwelling, $3000; 2760
—8th Ave. West, Dargavel & Kllgour,
dwelling, $3000.
Feb. 24—1776—14th Ave. West, G.
Churchill, dwelling, $8500.
Feb. 26—2209 Tork, J. J. Johnston,
dwelling, $2000; . 2203 York, j. J.
Johnston, dwelling, $2000 2976—1st
Ave. West, F. Melton, dwelling, $5000;
Feb. 27—3610—8th Ave. West, S.
P.-Fraser, dwelling, $3000; 3064—10th
Ave. West, James Morrison, dwelling,
$2800; 318—14th Ave. West, J. D.
Dnvls, dwelling, $4000.
Feb. 27—2807'Bradway West, H. C.
Woodcock, dwelling, $3500; 3368—7th
not a thinking person in America who
believes he is guilty. Yet he is in
prison, and will spend the rest of his
life there."
d>9C SPRING COATS dJOB
«p_SO spring surrs 9***>0
New  and  Striking  Models—In
tho  New .Materials—the   New
Shades.
Offered at a Popular Price
Famous
From Maker
To Wearer
ett  HASTINOS  ST.. Hut On-MUs
TRADES UNIONISTS
TAKE NOTICE
THE FOLLOWING BAKERIES EMPLOY
ALL UNION BAKERY SALESMEN
SHELLY BROS. LTD.
STEVENSON'S BAKERY
GRIFFITH'S BAKERY
THESE FIRMS PRODUCE AS GOOD BREAD
AS ANY IN THE CITY.   THEIR SERVICE
IS OF THE BEST.
WHY HAVE YOUR BREAD DELIVERED
TO YOUR HOME BY A NON-UNION MAN?
Be Consistent, and Patronize Those
Firms Which Employ Union Labor
LOCAL 371 BAKERY SALESMEN
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
These New Ratines
Are Especially Smart, As Well
As Moderate in Price
Plain ratine, in a good
firm weave, in shades of
pink, maize, eopen, sand,
lanvin green, canary,
grey, navy, mauve, rose,
white or black; 36 ins.
wide—-95^ a yard.
New striped ratine's, in
wide and. medium
stripes, in shades of pis-
taehe, zinc, citrine, cinnamon, ceramic, pink,
ivory with hair line of
black; 36 inches wide—
$1.45 a yard.
Striped ratine in white
with black, black with
white,   or   navy   with
white; very smart for
dresses or skirts; 36 ins.
wide-^f 1.65 a yard.
Heather striped ratine,
very effective stripes in
ratine of heather color
tones in medium and
dark tones; 36 inches
wide—$1.95 a yard.
Artificial silk ratine,
with a bright silken
thread, in a good collection of plain shades; 36
inches wide—$2.25 a
yard.
—Drysdale's Wash    Goods
Shop, First Floor.
Ave.  West,  H,' A.  Luxton,   dwelling,
$2600.
Feb. 28—1067 Llllooet Street, Thos.
O'Hagan, dwelling, $2600; 1720-22—
41th Ave. West, J. Peterson, alterations, $2600.
New Tork—Charles P. Stelnmetz,
electrical engineer, has accepted the
invitation of the Friends of Soviet
Russia to become a member of its advisory committee.
Books Worth
Studying
rTHK following are a few of
•*■ the books wo consider worth
reading and studying. We offer them at greatly reduced
prices. We reprosent one million books, and we invite you to
see our stock. For this week
we offer:
Karl Marx "Capital," In three vols.,
new,  at   .. $5,60
Christianity and the Social Crisis    .75
Ancient Society, Morgan   2,50
Economic Liberty, Cox    1.00
The Republic of Plato  1.00
The, Prodis  of  Religion,   Upton
Sinclair  1.00
Tho  Cry for Justice,   Sinclair..-. 1.50
'■ Data of Ethics, Herbert Sponeor 1.00
flelrctlons from Spencer (rare).... 1.00
A   Study  of  Sociology,   Horbert
Spencor - -... 1.50
Marriage,    A    Lifelong   Honeymoon)  Macfadden   1.00
FOR PARENTS WITH BOTS AND
GIRLS IN HIGH SOHOOL
The  Student's  Reference  Book;
~    new, $15; our price, 5 vo1b-...|5.00
The  same  work   In  4  volumes,
bound ln leather   6.00
Tho sume work In 3 vo]b  4.50
We sell on time to thoss purchasing
above |5.00 ln value.
The Educational Book
Supply
4—441   SEYMOUR  STREET
Telephone Seymour 1638
MAIL   ORDERS   WELCOME
KUy;  i>p J'Jk   a Seymour 2354
far ii ,-ihilntment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
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VANCOUVER, B. C.
COAL
YAI.B SOOTLE8*
AND NANAIMO    .
Kindling Free
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANT
1-411 GRANVILLE Sey. MM
FIRST CHURCH  OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
11<0 Ooorjia SIMM
Sunday etrvicea, 11 a.m. ud 7;B0 pjn.
Biindiy    auhool    Immediately    following-
morning aervice.    W.dneiday irillmonid
iff. .*' ~8   |,m-     FrM   »adln_   toon,
901-903 Birk. Bide.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBMTBB8, SOUOITOHS, ETO.
401-401 Metropolitan Building
137 Hut-UI St W. VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Tolophonea: Seymonr 0660 ud 0007
IF IT'S
Kirk's Coal
—IT-
DOES LAST LONGER
COSTS NO MORE
NOW
Kirk & Co.
limited
929 Main Street
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
Offlce No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone "Sey. 9075
B. r. HarrUoo S. A. Party
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO., LTD.
AMBULANCE SERVICE
030 KINOSWAY       VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Phone Falrmone 68
BE SORE YOU OET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK POR
— CIDER-
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
Phone, Highland M.
Mainland
Cigar Store
81U OAltKALL BTHKKT
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
LONG DI8TANCE telephone aervice
will contact you with any desired
city within hundreds of milo*. This fact
of getting into personal touoh with the
distant party Is worthy of your furious
coiisidrratirn. Your own telephone is a
potential hub from which, at will, you
may radiate business both incoming and
outgoing to numberless distent arras.
Call "Rato Clerk." for .Information de-
Blred on charges to distant points.
Tour telephone entitles you to a courteous, efficient Bcrvfce by carefully trained
operators, and tt Is our pleasure to pro*
vido yon witb the many benefits of this
service.
B. O. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
—"LAID OFF"—
1ms Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
COMPORT ud POVERTY
Heye roa protected jronroelf and rout family agalnat eneh an em.ra.nor.
with a SAVINGS ACCOUNT—th. moat valuable Aiaet a man <aa hn». lot
the "BAINT DAT."
Wa STRONGLY BECOUHIND ron to alart anoh aa aooount AT ONCE.
at one of onr City Branchee.
HASTOtOS and SETMOOB Oae. I. Hnmaon, Haunt
Oordoia and Abbott Main and nth An. Haiti aad Broadway
WBESB TOU WUJ. BBOBITE PBOIIPT ASD OOVBTBOUS ATTB1ITION
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you »re living In • community not provided with Banking faellitl-*-.   address ua by Bull, ud we win Im glad to guid* yea in mpeet to "Banking by Mail." FRIDAY..
...Maroh 2, 1923
phttbbnth YEAR. no. o   BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancqpvto. a c.
PAGE THREE
DENTISTRY
Usual Prices
A Bona-fide Offer by a Dentist
of the Highest Reputation
Every form of Dental Work—-every-«
thing necessary to put your teeth
in first-class condition.
Call next week—have your Dental Work done at
Nominal Cost—Estimates Given
EXPRESSION PLATES, EXTRACTION OF TEETH,
BRIDGEWORK AND CROWNS, FILLINGS      '
15-Ycar Written Guarantee Given
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Corner Seymour
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings    .
Startling Capitalistic Report as
to Conditions in Coal Mines
in Pennsylvania
[Ed. note.—For yean the minera of the United States have (ought
agalnit all the powers of the ruling class to secure some relief from the
conditions under which they have been compelled to work. They have
been abused and butchered by the hired thugs and gunmen of the companies they have worked for, but when the City of, New York became
affected by the striker it was decided to investigate Into the shortage,
wtth the result that conditions were revealed which even made the supporter's of the present system recoil ln horror. The following Is the report
made by the committee appointed by Mayor Hylan, of New York City.]
(Concluded from last week)
Vancouver Unions
I VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOB
I    Oounoil —President, R. H. HoeUnda,  M.
■ L. A.: goneral aeoretary, Percy R. Bengough.
lOBco: -08, 819 Pender St. West. Phono Bey.
I 7495. Meeta in Lahor Hall at 8 p.m. on
I the first and fhlrd Tuegdaya in month.
I ALLIED '"PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
I Heeta seeond Monday In the month. Pre-
IBld-_t_&fcK R. White; secretary, R. H. steel-
_.«. 	
■ jrrfriyr»tF,llf.'*l*'    LOCAL  371—Meets
'ftery month, 819 Pender
lmr__tv_____V" _-t_ildei)t, J. Brlghtweoll;
I lie slip SB sail pi!    A.   Ilowron,   2849
 IRS' INTERNATION-
larlca—Local  120,  Van-
Hind and lourth Tuos-
Room 813—819 Pen-
ildont, 0. E. Herrett,
,;   secrotary,  A.  R.
Bhop phono, Sey.
Doug. 2171R.
Pf.*-V;'*tT
BROTHERHOOD     OF
fihipbuildorB nnd Help*
*1 194—Meetings first
jn each month. Preil-
iry, A. Fraaor. Offlee:
iv Street We|tr Oflico
,d 8 to S p.m,
("MASONS—It you need
b  for boiler works,
phono  BriokUyer*'
_HOOI> ' OF CARtfEN-
[Xocal 452—President.
f secretary, Geo. HnoU;
, H. Hardy. Offloo:
itr Streot W •;it Meets
ffihdayi. 8 Pjn'' Room 6|
|*st. '
icivio BBK-ttpUB UNI
Tind third Friday* IM oach m.
Eova Stroot West.    ""iffatt^,,,.*  _ma
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
.
•ill) WoMllMd—r
_rr_tl_t   W»l »lii-ll»UV
**hsr-F_il&
.'JOS
Sness meetings every
■Maclnnis,   chairman
■treas.; Oeorge D.
■Drlvei Vanoouver,
Irelsry.      __
■ CITY   .IM-FIGHTEM
President, Nell MaaD.
Isocretsry. 0. A. Wataon,
_■—Kdnedt_i»»!   mo*
Educations'
_ p'cjwfc, -
AND     - ,,
Union,   Local   28—Wl .
IHOTEI _
iM.'ftallSd thl.Twed_e._la.s- at" 2:80
I..1.'."" Second °»nd   fourth   Wednesdays   ot
,m      Executive   board   moots, every
President. W.
IbusincBS agent,
InfflB^rwTlWEWli^TRU^UN'ON
I ll. CANADA—An Industrial union ol all
l_nr_.r„ in logging »nd construction camps.
KartT-lstrlot £d Oeneral Headquarlon, 81
•Cd-vfBtroot .West    Vf.-™*    B^O.
itti etHetf,,. S<**™:
thone Seymour 7850. J.
I-cmen-tnsaMarl""!
|!ffi.rr^Bnfe *-Chi.-n.,?.»-«-
■tfsmiENKRjs.
&im_TT-L00X_^»8-P~^ta*«J,
, Oeoraj; jfcretary. J. °ni"™'Jr_|ii
ibw t^tyr***^*^ >__?& aih ,
Pander ....
1.19 raider Strati
fluw-ars la asoolh. ^_
\_vAvta .W .5-=a«tt
■cent, P. R. »«l
fonder Street W«j
119 Ponder BtretVt
Tuesdays in mo"*!
. __.slness
nia W Iteohi 8—
tOfjyiitli^.tnt «h
hUSICIANS    _--_
i ONION. Local IM.
Jlooso Hall, Hrmir.l
It 10 a.m.   Prealdal^
Kelson Streot.
|91 Nolson Street!
Vllllams.  991   Nr
Belcher, 991 Nel
Brotherhood     ,
1 TORS and I'apartsftera
Vancouver—liHtl Iw
f.am
,ys at UB Cordon Atnet \.~--_^_
.. WAO.   BnllneSI tgwt,Jt. -A, Bt-cr,
10RA-
Local
Thurt.
Phono,
AND
2404—_taets in
.tar""Hail, "lJi9   _**_***y***-__**i__J
[_•_-_-«_ *^i_\-**K>****:'-JT't ™  p
Jn. financial ..--.ttffj        '     '    V-	
J___OIW UNION 'OF TH" Jwwffl"^1!?
Icordova Street W«W_2'*?_J_-h.Pt0n"
Iy. 8708.    M-atljIT.VMf I. 0"t»»»' ••  •
* _ Hocltaday,
I1DERATED SE.-,
BO.—Meeting nlgw
tiilay ol each mr
lirdova Stroot Wi
Je; vice-president,
Beosurer, Wm. Dol
_ve Street West,"
Francis, 1424
trla. B. 0.
Itreet and ei
|pl"yces. Pioneer _..,._.-.., -.-■ --- - .
I p. Hnll, Eighth and Klngeway, 1st and
Id Mondays at 10:16 a.ni. and 7 p.m. Pre-
•dent. F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko Drive:
Vco.dlng secretary, A. V. Lofting: treasurer,
O. Andrew: financial secretary and bnal-
L1 agent W. H. Coltrcll, 168—17th Ave.
KtVlBeo corner Prior and Main Streete.
Ihone, Fairmont 4504Y.  /
WnEYMKN TAILORS' ONION OF
/America. Local No. 178-Mc.tlng. held
Irst Moniiny In ench month. B p.m.    Presl-
Vnt; -A. R. oateniiy: Tl««;P*W'l"",;,.M'i'
; recording secrotary, 0. McDonald   P.
1 Bn« 608: Snanclal secrotary, P- McNolsh..
' 0. Box  608. -
llCIKTY FOR TKOHN10AL AID TO SO;
Tvlel Rns.ia—Vancouver branch »•'»"'"'
Id third Sundays oach month, 2 p.m.. at 81
trdova Street West. For Informatian writ.
5 branch secretary. S. T. A. 8. R.. 61 Oor-
|va Street West, Vnncouver. B. C.	
VprffiRAPHiCAi, union no. aae-P™-
Isldent, Wm. Skinner: vice-president, A.
Vcker: secretarylrensurer, R. "•/™"n„l™
I 0. Box 66. Moets last Sunday of each
linth at 2 p.m.
Ifiltm.   TYPOORArHICAL  UNION   No.
»887—Preeldent, J. I. Beggi vice-president.
,T    Stewart:    secretory-tressnrer,   L.   L.
ilbert.   P. 0. Box 476. Nanalmo. B^ 0.	
_inm—Ruptot     typooraphicaij
IUN10N.  No. 413—President.   S.  D. Mac-
|tnald   secretary-treiwurer. J
" 0. Box 689.    "   '   '   '
M. Campbell.
Meets lost Thursday of each
mid.
J Hand your neighbor thin ropy of
fhe Federatlonist. and trien call
(round next day "or a subscription.
^mwm
Pprk Special
1 What can you have nicer for
your wejftk-end roast than one
of our Famous Pork Shoulders,
im 4 to 10 lba. (all
fed and govern-
IqppMted);   regular   20c
Extra 9ptotal	
Choice   Pot   Roasts   from,   per
tb  10c
Choice Oven Roasts, from   per
lb 12 Ho
Choice Boiling Beef from,   per
lb    8o
Choice Boneless  Stew Beef,  2
lbs. for 25c
Slater's
Weekend
Specials
FREE DELIVERY
123 Hustings St. E Sey. 3262
1191 Granville st Sey. 0119
3260 Main St J-'ulr. 1683
830 Granville St Sey. 886
15c
Lamb
Choice Meaty Cuts of Real
Lamb, per lb 22Hc
Choice Legs of Real Lamb,
lb 860
Choice Loins of Real Lamb,
per tb 30c
Choice Lamb  Stew,   2   lbs.
 ,  25c
Butter   Butter   Butter
No.    1    Alberta   Fresh    Made
Creamery Butter,
3 lbs .„	
From 7 to 11 a.m. Saturday
$1.40
Eggs
are cheap at Slater's.  Extra
large B. C. fresh,     QC-*
two dozon     OOC
Extra Special
On Saturday morning, from 7
to 11, we will put on sale 200 of
our famous -• Cottage Rolls,
weighing from 4 to 8 lbs. Regular 28c Ib.
Extra special, Ib.
22k
Slater's Cottage
Roll, 3 lbs	
75c
Comb Honey,
each 	
Slater's Tea, regular
55?.   Special	
35c
50c
Slater's Famous
Mealy Spuds, sack1
Slivered.
$1.00
ALL AT
SLATER'S
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 % CORDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
To ascertain the cost of freighting
the coal from the Windber coat fields
to New York, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company was. asked to quote a
freight rate for hauling bituminous
coal from Johnstown, Pa., to South
Amboy, N. J., as well as to Greenville,
N. J. The prico quoted waa $2.74 per
gross ton to South Amboy and $2.79
per gross ton to Greenville, N. J. A
well-known water transportation company quoted 40 cents per ton to transport coal from South Amboy or Greenville, N. J., to the dock at 59th Street,
North River, or at 96th Street and
East River, By hiring a boat of 500
ton capacity by the day, the cost per
ton for lighterage can be cut down to
about 25, cents per ton. Thus, the
total freight cost for bituminous aoal
from JohnstoWn to tho Interborough
Rapid Transit Company's power house
in New York City would amount to
about $3,00 per ton.
It is but reasonable to assume, that
because Mr, E, J. Berwlnd is a director of the Pennsylvania railroad and
that the Pennsylvania railroad tracks
run directly to the Berwind-White
mines, the Pennsylvania railroad
freight rates to the Berwind-White
Coal Mining Company are lower than
were the rates quoted to the committee's representative.
However, accepting the figures quoted to the committee, $3.00 for freight
and lighterage, plus $2 or $2.25 a ton
for production, this would make a
total cost for production, freight and
delivery to the hiterDorough's power
houses of about $5.00 or, at the most,
$5.25 per ton, a net profit of at least
$2.10 per ton to the Berwlnd-Whlte
Coal Mining Company, or $1,617,000
on tho sale of 770,000 tona of coal at
$7.35 per ton to the Interborough
Rapid Transit Company in 1921.
Rapid Transit Pays Higher Prlcea
Apparently, not caring any more for
the people of the city of New York
than it seems to care for Us miners,
the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Company last
April not only decreased Its cost of
mining coal by lowering the wages of
ita miners and abolishing payment for
"dead work," but increased the price
of coal to the consumer by one dollar
per ton.
When the strike In the Berwlnd
coal mines occurred, and that corporation by reason thereof was unable to
supply the Interborough Rapid Trans-
It Company not only decreased its cost
of mining coal by lowering the wages
of its miners and still purchases coal
in West Virginia, England and elsewhere, for delivery to the Interborough Rapid* Transit Company. The
sliding scale permits the coal company to charge the transit company
much higher prices for the coal so delivered that it could have charged if
there had not been a strike in its
mines.
In fact, the Subway Sun advertised
last summer that because of the strike
In the Berwind-White Coal Company's
mines, the Interborough has spent a
million dollars more for coal during a
given time this year than lt did for a
similar period last year and, from all
appearances, the increased expenditure of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company for fuel this year, .will be
at least two million dollars over last
year.
Here also the managers of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company
and of the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Company have shown their political power,
when, because of the coal shortage
created by their own doing, the Mc-
Aneny Transit Commission gave the
Interborough permission to reduce the
number of trains In the subways by
ten per cent.
If Mr. E, J. Berwlnd's coal company's unjustified flght against its miners and the coal miners' unton were
conducted at the expense of that company, that corporation's officials could
perhaps, talk of so-called flght for
principle. When, however, the expenses incidental to fighting the coal
miners are-reflected in the Increase of
the price of coal to the Interborough
and the Transit Company in turn
charges that increase as an operating
expense against tho City of New York,
the talk of fighting strikers as a matter of principle, becomes mere prattlo
to hide greed.
It does not require an expert mathematician tb show that if the Berwind-
White Coal Company's proflt from its
sale of coal to tho Interborough Rapid
Transit Co. was $1,617,000 in 1921,
that with the increased expenditure
by the Interborough of $2,000,000 for
coal this year, the Berwind-White
Coal Company's profit for the year
1922 will be at least $2,600,0.00.     '
Summary
As herlnbefore stated, this committee appointed by-Hls Honor Mayor
J6hn P. Hylan, went to tho bituminous coal district with open mind and
with the sincere dosire of gaining
first hand information of a situation
that had been characterized as deplorable.
Instead of receiving assistance, to
get the truth, tho committee met insults at almost every turn from tho
Berwind-White Coal Mining Company.
Tho officials of the company refused
tho committee's invitation to attend
the hearings, but ondeavored to entrap
it behind closed doors, the favorlto
method of soulless corporations.
The refusul to attend the hearings
of your committeo and meet Its striking employeos who had grievances,
can only bo interpreted to mean that
the Berwlnd-Whlto Conl Mining Co,,
being unable to refute the charges of
its striking omployees, attemtped to
hide from the public the true facts of
Its method of dealing with Its miners
and other employees.
However, in spite of the handicap
b^the officials of thut coal mining
company, this committeo proceeded
with Its Investigation and developed
the true facts in the premises.
The committeo heard harrowing
' tale* of suffering and deprivation and
saw in tents, hen-houses, stables and
In other improvised homes, women
and children whose feet were bare
and bleeding, and whose bodies were
thinly clad.
As already herein pointed out, Mr,
E. J. Berwlnd, the'reputed largest Individual stockholder In the Interborough Rapid Transit Company in the
City of New York", and chairman of
that transit corporation's board of
directors, is the principal owner of
the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining Company. The principal customer of Mr,
E. J, Berwlnd's Berwind-White Coal
Mining Company is Mr, 53. J, Ber*.
wind's Interborugh Rapid Transit Co.
Thus M. E. J. Berwlnd, the multi-millionaire traction dictator, buys from
himself, the fuel czar, coal upon which
are engraved stories of sweat, sorrow
and suffering.
It is fortunate that the peoplo of
the city of New York, who have over
three hundred million dollars of their
money Invested in the New York City
subways, must under the present Geo.
McAneny dual subway contracts stand
by and see Mr, E. J. Berwlnd purchase
from Kis own company, coal mined
under unfair and heartbraeklng conditions and reap therefrom enormous
profits, amounting in 1921 to over a
million Bix hundred thousand dollars,
with corresponding financial detriment
to the tax and rent payers in the city
bf New York.
It may not be amiss to state here
thab while in the cbal fields It was testified before your committee that in all
likelihood, if tt had not been for the
strike in the coal mines, the price of
coal naturally would have dropped
considerably this winter. It was further suggested that the Btrike in the
Berwind-White coal mines was fostered with the object of creating a fuel
shortage and thus maintain war
prices.
The utorles of the conditions which
compelled the workers in the Berwlnd-
Whlte Coal Mining Company's mines
to strike and organize for self-protection were amazing, while that corporation's refusal to give employment
to their former employees because
they had joined' the miner's union,
stamped It as being heartless and un-
American.
The right of workers to organize for
mutual protection has been recognized
everywhere. *tn fact, ln certain industries where skilled labor is employed,
organization of mechanics Is being encouraged by employers. Collective
bargaining has become a fixed Institution in this and many other lands, and
only recently, Presldent^Harding and
other mon of authority, learning, and
standing, expressed themselves in favor of collecting bargaining, as being
In the Interest of America's Industrial
wolfare.
By its un-American tactics, in refusing to accede to its..workers the
right to organize, Mr. E. J. Berwlnd's
Berwind-White Coal Mining Company
and other corporations like it created
a famine In a most important commodity, which besides hampering Indus
tries giving employment to those who
need lt to earn livelihoods, is endangering the health of millions of Innocent men, women and children.
Coal Is as much a necessity to the
life, health and well being of the people as is food. We must have food to
keep alive, and, with the exception of
water power here and there, we depend on coal entirely to keep us warm,
furnish light and power and cause the
wheels of industry to revolve. In fact,
coal plays such an important part and
is bo vital to our lives and comfort and
to the development and prosperity of
the nation, that, in the opinion of
your committee, It is the duty of the
national government to take over the
coal fields, utilize them for the beneflt
of the people and place It beyond the
possibility of any man, or group of
men, to restrict coal production or its
distribution.
While your committee was appointed for the purpose of investigating
the mining and living condltons in the
mines of the Berwind-White Coal Mining Company, In relation to the coal
supplied to the Interborough Rapid
Transit Company, It hopes that It will
be pardoned, if it expresses its belief
that lt was an act of Providence that
guided the Judgment of the people in
the State of New York and in many
other states on last election day, when
they voted against continuing in control of the state government the
friends and, ln some Instances, the
willing tools of the public service corporations and coal czars.
There is no uestion in the minds of
your committer that so long as the
city subways continue to be operated
by private corporations, the manipulators of these corporations will purchase coal from their business associates at exorbitant prices and charge
the excessive costs in the operating expenses.
Only when the city of New York
takes over and operates the transit
lines for the beneflt of its people will
the city receive a return on Its enormous investment in those lines and be
in a position to purchase coal from
operators who pay their employees a
living wage and treat them like human
beings.
DAVID HIRSHFIELD,
Commissioner of Accounts of the City
of New York, Chairman of Com.
LETTERSTO
THETED
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Ig accepted by the management.]
Unfair Dances
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir: Referring to my letter In Tho Federatlonist, criticizing unfair dances, under date of February 2, 1923, I wish
to tender a sincere apology to Mr. R,
Foxcroft, and also to those that would
be misled by the assertion made by
me, that the Oddfellows' Hall on Main
Street was among the unfair dance
halls. This applies to the Oddfellows
Hall only. Thanking Mr. R. Foxcroft
for the speedy correction. Evidently
Mr. Foxcroft reads The Federationist
evory week.
I remain, yours for unity,
SCOTTY.
February 27, 1923.
Bicknell, Ind.—Local Union No. 884,
U. M. W. of A., has purchased a two-
storey building for the use of the
union.
LUMBER WORKERS'
NEWS AND VIEWS
"A CASE IN POINT"
A NEWS item which has been re-*
ceived from Victoria, B. C, shows
by actual facts the need of organization and close relationship among
the men who work in the lumbering
industry. —■
Early last summer a young man
named Quilty went to work taking
out poles for a J. Du Bols, who resides on Yates street, Victoria. He
worked for this man for about four
months without receiving his wagOB,
and had a total of $215 owing htm
when he quit. About a week after
leaving the job he went to see Du
Bols and  demanded  his  wages,  but
was told that he could go to h	
for his pay. Tho matter was placed
In the hands of a lawyer in Victoria,
but he stated that nothing could be
dono as Du Bols had no money. The
Chief of Polico is also reported to
have stated, when his attention was
called to the matter, that Du Bols
was within the law.
From what informntion Is available
it appears that tills individual Du
Bols has for sovernl years been carrying on this "stunt" of hiring men
to work for him nnd then beating
them' out of their wnges. "Beating"
them ls the correct word, as he
claims to bo something of a fighting
man, and evidently believes In driving his wago slaves to the limit, nnd
then giving them n benting in Hou of
wages.
The following excerpt, taken from
the lettor which called our attention
to tho matter, very clearly illustrates,
the sharp class division between Du
Bols and thoso ho hns duped. "He
walks round town dressed to tho
'nines,' smoking big cigars,' his wife
In furs and his son and daughter tho
samo way, whilo young Quilty must
by force of necessity walk round nlmost bnrofooted, nnd if you tako him
into court he gets the best of lt every
time."
It Is now too late tn do anything
with thiB mattetr except stio Du Hols
In the courts for recovery of the
money, nnd lf, as stated, ho Is broke,
then follo\»?tng that courso would
only be a further wa«le of monoy.
Where the first in Istako was mado
was when Quilty did not lodgo a complaint against Du Bols for failing to
live up to the requirements of tho
semi-monthly pay act and secondly,
seeing that ho had not followed thn
former course, he should have plartid
a Hen on thc poles inHlde of thirty
days from tho time ho stopped work.
It may be stated thnt he did nut
know wh:it procedure to tnke, but
why didn't ho? Surely at this day
nnd  date  thoro  can   be  hprdly nny
'working man who does not know
that labor unions exist, and that these
unions are in existenco for the protection of the Interacts of their members. One can hardly credit that evon
In tho dead city of Victoria a workor
can be found who does not have some
slight knowledge of that fact.
If the workers would take one-
tenth of the Interest In their own affairs that they tako in the affairs of
their masters, perhaps they might
get somewhere, but on all hands we
see members of tho working class Intently dlscuBsing, and trying to solve
questions that are purely master class
questions, while their own affairs art
allowed to go past unheeded. What
the working class of this country
must be taught ls that thetr affair*
thoir buBlness, is Important business;
lhat in all things tbeir business cornes
first. It was no concern of Qullty's
whether Du Bols had tho money to
carry on his business or not. Whon
his pay dny camo nlong ho should
havo aeon that ho got his money, or
thnt the plant wus closed up, and the
product of his lnbor, tho poles, had a
Hen on thom. Never expoct any mercy from the master when ho gots you
down, nnd nover show him any mere/
whon you get on top. The clnss
struggle Is war, not a theory.
We nre ruled by the henchmen of
Wall Street, the most brutal and the
most powerful ruling class In the
world today. They are strongly orgnnized to protect their interests, and
we too must organize and consolidate
our forces In order thnt wo can to
Homo extent combat their forces.
That is what labor unions nro organized for; let us mako good use of
them in carrying on the elass war.
At the regular mooting of tbo Const
Branch of tho Lumber Workers
Union tho matter of lho union Issuing
a lull).'tin enmo up fnr diHi'ilsflinn.
After going Into the mntter pro ana
cnn nt some considerable length the
mooting decided to appoint a committee to mnko further Inquiries Into
tho mntter. This oommlttee will report at n Speolal mooting to beheld
(jn Sunday next,  Mnrch  4, at  1  p.m.
Will any of thc mon who were
working nt headquarters inst summer
plQOSO enmniunicato with tho socretary L.W.I.U„ fil Cordova St. W., us
soon ns evor convenient?
Vincent   McDonnell   Is    nsked    to
write to    Pat    Homers,  Anyox. B.fc*
'-■'■ e is Important news for him from
home.
Come and Look at this
IMPERIAL
RANGE
'  for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the U. B. C. It's a rang% value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven doon with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2i4-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
$59
-CASH OR TERMS-
Hudson's Bay Company
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The result of long ro-
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FIFTEENTH YEAR.    No. 9
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST vANconviiR. b. o.
FRIDAY March 8, H8i|
YOUR SPRING
Awaits You Here
The COLORS include all the newest favorites for
the approaching season in dark heather mixtures,
browns, greens, striking Donegal tweeds or smart
pastel shades of varied hues.
The STYLES include the'very latest models from
the great Eastdhi fashion centres for men, featuring pleated backs, long fronts and one or two-button
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The PRICES are lower this season than in years
and the qualities superior. A particularly large assortment awaits you, at only
$24^
WILLIAM DICK UMITED
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Ottawa, — "The hlgheat possible
earnings of a skilled mechanic working every hour the shops were open
during the last two years havo averaged only $24.61 per week, and the
highest possible earnings of a mechanic's helper have averaged only
$16.90 per week." These statements
are made In a resolution received
here  by the primo minister,  passed
by a meeting of Canadian Pacific railway 'ihopmen at Winnipeg. The resolution declared that tho C.P.R. shopmen had boen on continuous short
time for the past two years, and contained a demand "that the transportation industry of! the country be or-
ganized upon a basis that shall insure
a decent standard of living for the
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STEEL INTERESTS
IGHT
"The Evolution of Bible Morals"
J AST Thursday this aubjetc was ex-f belief is a matter of free will, and
Economic Forces of France
and Germany in Bitter Feud
German Labor Will Be the
Loser Whoever
Wins
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Press)
Essen, Germany—I have Just completed a Journey of Investigation which
took me through the principal cities
of the Ruhr valley and the adjacent
occupied Rhlneland — Dortmund, Essen, Boctium, Muelhelm, Dulsburg,
Duesseldorf. Most of this distance
was covered In overcrowded, dinky
little tramways, amid endless delays
caused by the unexpected congestion
of traffic. The fact that the rallwaymen In most of these townB are on
strike leaves one no other alternative
save that of travelling by automobile,
as do most of tho capitalistic newspaper correspondents here, or by direct street car, which latter method
offers the opportunity of mixing with
the native population and learning to
know how tho man of the street feels.
The Issue here, stripped of all essentials, Is: Stlnnes versus the Comite
des Forges; the coal barons of Germany versus the steel princes of
France and of Germany are but the
marionettes of these two gigantic economic powers. Nationalism, patriot-
Ism, racial hatred, coercion on the one
hand and stubborn disobedience on
the other are merely so many tools in
thc hands of the industrial overlords
who are fighting a bitter feud as to
which of tho two groups should control.
Whichever way .the outcome, the
rank and flle of German Labor will be
tho loser, unless the workers start a
new revolution, and this time really
master their own economic destiny.
To understand the conflict in the
Ruhr, one must recall what happened
toward the close of 1922. ^Last November, Stlnnes.-and the French Comite des Forges got together to size
each other up and to see in what way
they could come to terms. The French
possess tho iron—the Germnns the
coal.
The French, according to the
Rheinlsch-Westphaelische Zeitung, an
organ of big industry, offered a 60-40
arrangement, according to which the
French iron and steel Industry were
to do business jointly, with the French
group exercising a 80 per cent, control and the Germans having only 40
por cent.
Hugo Stinnes balked. The coalition cabinet headed by Wirth was
got rid of. A business mnn was put
Into the chancellor's place—Wilhelm
Cuno, captain of undustry. The Industrialists could face thoir Hrench
adversaries with the knowledge that
the government and the enitre non-
working class population of Germany
were behind them.
To tho present moment It bas not
beon cleared up whether tbe failure
to make certnin deliveries stipulated
by tho .treaty of Versailles to the
French were Intentional of not.
It seems reasonable to suppose
that the German industrial barons
were glad to have nationalism as a
means of exerting pressure upon the
French. And the French Industrial
lenders were etjually glad to furnish
Poincare with tho pretext for attempting to put over the dream of
his life—the permanent annexation
of the Ruhr volley.
Meanwhile, according to tho Manchester Guardian's special correspondent, Stinnes is already busy behind
the scenes to pr<__pose a new basis oi
com promise between the two conflicting groups. The white-heat excitement of the "plain folk of the
Ruhr, the total dislocation of transportation and inability of the Fronch
to put It back ln shape, the hatred
fostered by the nationalist press—all
this Is good material In Stlnnes' hnnd
to exert pressure upon the French.
Where QUALITY
Counts and
Likewise  PRICE
-AT-
CAL-VAN
MARKET
OPPOSITE   PANTAGES
At tho Orpht-iim
The dictionary gives the definition
of "Rath," "Coming before others."
And thnt definition applies particularly to the Rath Brothers, representative American athlete's, who are
coming to thc Orpheum theatre next
week.
It doesn't Imply that they will open
tho show, however; for thoy are a
fentured act nnd are given singular
distinction on the bill. But when It
comes to athletics in theatricals, tho
Rath Brothers come beforo all others;
they have no seconds.
"A Study In Enduranco" they calt
their act. It might well be titled "Tho
Poetry of (Motlon." The boys nre distinguished abovo all. others because
thoy know that to make acrobntlcs Interesting much moro must bo given
than tho mere stunt itself So,..they
perform the most difficult feats with
exquisite caro for the lino their bodies assume and for the curve of beauty
with which each motion records itself
on tho retina of tho observer.
■Ljamined In the light of "economic
determinism," and Socialist philosophy Morality, as the speaker showed,
Implies relationship. It deals with
conduct of men, one with another,
and it was demonstrated that many of
the "holy men of old" often treated
others in a manner which would be
considered not only immoral, but decidedly criminal, according to our
modern standards.
Dr. Curry took the position that tho
moral and religious teachings of the
Biblo largely reflected thc social and
Intellectual status of the times in
which the mythical or historical events
wero recorded, and as was shown In
the previous discourse, the story of^
Creation, ot the flood, and many other
marvellous events recorded in tho
Bible, havo now beon proven to have
been tnken from the traditions and
writings of more ancient people, than
were the Hebrews.
The original scribes, and the translators In the pnst, even ns now, In tho
Interests of themselves, or the privileged classes, put words fn tho mouths
of their prophets or their tribal Del-
ties. Thus salth tho Lord," to a superstitious people, had in those days
even more powor than it has today.
Charging Vp tho tho Fall of Man and
tho Sins of Humanity to Its Sourco
As the all-knowing Jehovah had
just created the temptor serpent, the
tree bearing the fruit of knowledge,
and also Adam and Eve, "with her
feminine curiosity and desire for wisdom, lt seems that if we are rational,
we must charge the world's sin and
suffering due to tho "Fall" up to tije
Creator Himself, providing we do m»t
take the moro rational view, now accepted by the majority of theologians,
that these are but ancient myths and
symbols, adopted by the Hebrew
priesthood. According to the Bible,
the first murder took (place when Cain
killed his brother, which we-are told-
was through jealousy, because Jehovah, represented by the ancient medicine man, preferred Abel's offering of
lamb, to the vegetarian gift of Cain.
This, too, could be charged to the
ones who preferred meat.
According to Bible chronology, this
tragedy took place between five and
six thousand years ago, while our
scientists have discovered remains of
cannibal feasts which were held ln the
British Isles, tens of thousands of
years ago. Regarding the morals of
tho patriarchs, they hardly measure
up with the "love your enemy" sentiments of the Sermon on the Mount, or
even with the more ancient rule of
"an eye for an eye, or a tooth for a
tooth,
Samson, for instance, derived his
miraculous strength fuom his long
"hair," and hiB friendship with Jehovah. In revenge for having his eyes
put out by the Philistines, he overthrew a groat building, In which his
enemies were assembled; killing many
thousands. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
and David, the "men after God's own
heart," In their treatment toward
women, children and men wore they
here todny, would be considered monsters of depravity, aud the writers of
these events offer no apologies or comments, but treat murder, slavery, polygamy and lying as a matter of course,
as it probnbly wns In those days. i
In all cases, It is easy to see the
economic or material basis of Bible
morals, or of tho outrages inflicted
upon us by these heroes of old. Just
as the wars of today are struggles for
trnde, territory or oil, so the wars and
massacres of old had a material bnsis.
It wus nn ago of savagery; brute force
was the mnster, tho God of the Old
Testament was the Lord of Hosts, the
"man of war," Jealous and cruel,
David, the warrior king, who slew his
"tens1 of thousands," said: "Blessed be
the Lord of my strength, who leaches
my hnnds to war, and my fingers to
fight." At Jehovah's command, we
are told, whole nations wore exterminated by tlie Chosen People. Here
are two of the dozens of similnr commands which can be found in the Old
Testament: "Thou shalt" consume all
the people which the Lord thy God
shall deliver unto thee. Thine eye
shall have no pity upon them." Deut.
20, vl6. "Of the cities of these people
which tho Lord doth give thee for an
Inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth, but shall utterly
destroy them."
According to theso divine commands
It was specifically stated in some cases
that women and children should be
slaughtered as well as the men, nnd
In others, tho women were given to
the conquering warriors, as parts of
their spoils of war. Women were
slaves In those days. Historians tell
us that thc command, put in the
mouth of Jehovah by a superstilltous
and brutal priesthood, resulted in the
torturo nnd death of over fl,000,000
witches hi Europo alone, and the proporty of theso victims wns confiscated,
When wo como to tho New Testament, we find many striking evidences
of moral advancement. "In sfact,"
said thc speaker, "some of the ethical
teachings of tho Nazarene aro so high,
that it will bo mnny generations boforo our race can reach thom." And
yet one of thc central doctrines of
Christiaiiity is Hell eternal, suffering for thoso who do not believo, as lf
pot of  evidence or environment.
No one who really thinks seriously
of the matter can believe In the doctrines of theological Christianity, nor
that the Creator of the universe commanded these outrages recorded In
the Bible, hut we can understand how
the ancient priesthood, with his mystifying ceremonies, and machinery of
Imposition, oould back up his desires
with "Thus salth the Lord," and make
hfs poor superstitious dupes bow to
their commands.
The commands or "moral law" given
Moses from Mount Sinai wore on a par
with tho oracles given by, the pagan
gods from Mount OlympUB, and they
hnd a material basis.
Tho Hebrew race had boen Communistic, the commandments presented by Moses marked tho coining of
privato property, and a priesthood,
which endorsed it, "Thou shalt not
steal or covet," would have had no
meaning under Communism. "Remember the Sabbath day to keep It
holy," "Thou shalt have no other
gods but me," were in the interests of
the spiritual guides ln those days, just
oB they are today. Property and
priesthood needed a supernatural
backing, Imperialism also needed a
"Divine" foundation which is perhaps
thO/ reason why the ex-Kaiser, the
late Czar, and many war-lords of today are dovout readers and believers
in the Bible, but their claims to be
followers of the "Prince of Peace"
have no foundation.
Next Thursday the subject will be'
"When ther Capitalist Class Was Revolutionary."
—ORPHEUM-
OOM. WED. EVE., MABOH 7«l
Four Nights nad T_r__ MatlnonH
"YARMAUK"—"A  Night at t„«
 Carnival"	
 FRED   HUGHES	
FABKEL-i TAYLOR 00.
WYLIE   and  HABTMAN
RAINBOW'S END
TIIE BILLY LA MONT TRIO'
RATH BB03.
Mats: 15c to liBc; Nights: 25c to 11
Twice Dally, 2:30 and 8:20
DANCING
Every Mon., Wed. and Sat. Evening!)
THC NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION
804 HOENBY BT. Opp. Ooirt Homo
A Record of Crimes Committed by the Forces
in Germany
Berlin—Twenty-five murders, assaults and rapes are officially attributed to the now departed American troops of occupation in
the Hhlneland, out of a total
of 350 such crimes committed
by the soldiers of Frnnce, Belgidm,
Great Britain and the United States.
. The list was complied from official
records by the German department of
the Interior and submitted to the
Reichstag in response to an inquiry
by a member of the body,
The 15 murders, 9 rapes and the assault to rob credited to the American
forces constitute one-twelfth of the
total, which Is out of proportion to
the small number of Americans relative to the force of the Allies stationed
In the Rhine valley. Publication of
the report has affected the regret felt
hero over President Harding's with.
drawal of Gen. Allen's command.
The offenses are given lh detail with
the action taken by the military superiors of the offenders. In most cases
no record of any action was available.
In a number of cases sentence of the
court-martial was subsequently
duced.
The double murder by Lieut. John
Beggs of an innkeeper and of a woman whose only offense was that she
covered the innkeeper's body with u
cloth, was punished by a sentence of
20 years, later reduced to six years.
The innkeeper, Helnrich Kaess of See
berg, Wiesbaden, left a widow and one
son. Mrs. Gross, the other victim, is
survived by n husband and four minor
childron. The American authorities
declined to grant compensation to the
families. Begg had frequently stated
that ho would avenge the death In action of two brothors on the western
front by taking two German lives before he left the country. Ho used
dumdum bullets for the shootings.
A ten-year sentence for rape and
two other offense^ was reduced to two
years In the case of an American sol
dler who entered a widow's home in
Horhnusen near Flammersfold, and
tore the widow's daughter put of the
bed where the two women were sleeping. The mother fled to neighbors
while the daughter was raped.
Conviction is recorded of an Americnn soldier who criminally assaulted
an 11-year-old girl near Bendorf. The
sentence could not bo learned.
No record Is available of the action,
if any, takon in the case of five American soldiers, of whom four criminally
assaulted a Niederzlssen girl while the
fifth stood off rescuers with a revolver.
Tho complete list Is given in Reichstag publication No. 5448, Issifed Dec
16, 1922.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
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AND GRILL
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SPECIAL
Men's Worsted Socks
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Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
LONG WEARERS
MONEY SAVERS
SOLID LEATHER
SHOES
Mon's Work Boots—Regular $5.50 values, In strong work boots,
made from good^quallty black chrome, with two full soles
stitched and rlvetted, A boot that will give you exceptional service. All sizes from 6 to ll. On Ao QC
sale at Vy*vV
Moil's Brown Dress Shoes—Dark shades of beaver brown, with
Goodyear welted soles.   Remember this ls a solid leather boot,
and has all the appearance and wear of a $10.00     Ag g/\
' boot.   Our special «pO»DU
Boys' Blnck Grain School Boots—Broken lines of boots that sold
from $5.00 to)$6.00 a pair. Saturday these all dfcO (J/\
go at one price of, per pair.* * (JpOtOw
_t
Men's Finer tirade Black nnd Brown Calfskin Boots—Ten guage
Goodyear welted soles. Made ln three laBts—wide, medium and
box toe.   Special for Saturday _£% **X(\
selling per pair   /.  vOtOU
$5.00 buys a pair of brown calf Oxfords which sold for $8.50 in
the regular way? We havo forgotten costs to "blear   ^C f\f\
■ theso lines.   All good-looting solid shoes; pair :.ip!)«ww
Littlo Gents' Black Grain Boots—Solid leather toes^ heels and
cunters; sturdy shoes for the Uttle fellow, *fcO A **_
at, per pair ,  «P_£»TT0
$3,95 for Ladies' $7.50 Oxfords and Straps—Clearing prices on
about 100 pairs of ladles' patent strap slippers and brown and^
black Oxfords.
Broken Linus of Children's Shoes—In sizes from 4fl
will pay you to get down early to take h..|
advantage of theso at, per pair X.	
PIERRE PAJ
51 HASTINGS WEI
—why we sell
milk at 12 quarts
We are Fi
the Consi
price on a
The only alternative to buying mil
buy from thc man who buys f_ojj|
necessarily means a fixed   price
BASIS.      ■ -
We handle our milk betwi
the delivery rig at a MINI
QUART.
Our iWHc is handled in   Vancou
which is one of thc most up-to-
Handling the milk, ns is done at
quantities and with a complete
ing machinery, enables us to offer
ON A MINIMUM COST FOR I
We distribute our milk A'
POSSIBLE DELIVERY 0'
Our delivery system eliminates Aft .4h**fj|N|fej4 routes.
Each district is covered on a basis which "cTeMaRds from
thc rig thc delivery of the maximum "quartngc" of milk
with due regard to proper service.
We handle our Milk economically—at minimum eost, We deliver bur Milk on a straight
business basis of eliminating waste—our delivery oosts less per quart, We sell our Milk
direct—with One Proflt only.
It is by following such methods that we offer
Milk at 12 Quarts for $1.00.
PHONE FAIR. 1000
and we will arrange to have your delivery start tomorrow
'Fraser   Vallex  Milk
Producers' Association

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