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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Apr 13, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        ^political mm, victobt
$2.50 PER YEAS
feeting Called by Tra4%; Recognize ^° Unions in
Council Is a Decided    v^
One Crafts an Aid to
iuilding Trades Committee
Endeavoring to Consolidate Unions
Large movements have often small
(beginnings. The    spectacular    moves
are not always the most successful,
as many workers of Vancouver can
testify, but the meeting called by the
Building Trades Committee on Tues-
Iday evening for the purpose of con-
1 Bolldating the building trades and the
1 formation    of a    general    laborers'
union, was a success In more ways'
[ than one.
| Over fitty men signed up to form
I a Federal Labor union, chartered by
' the Trades and Labor Congress of
j Canada, and arranged to hold another
' meeting on Saturday afternoon at 2
j o'clock.
J     In opening the meeting, President
I Neelands outlined the reasons for the
councU    taking the action to   bring
) about the meeting and the unsatls-
i factory position the   building   trades
1, workers occupied.   He    then    called
"' upon   Organizer   Wilkinson   of   the
J United Brotherhood of Carpenters to
■| address    the    meeting.    In opening,
It Bro. Wilkinson stated that the buai-
, neBs of the meeting as he understoou
| It, was to draw the non-union ele-
f ments Into the organizations, and that
I the function of the organized was not
j to call the righteous but the repent-
! ant.
Local Conditions
,     Beferring to local conditions,  the
I speaker stated that for ten years the
V building trades had made no progress,
! and that   since   1912, there had not
been the activity In   the   organized
[ labor movement as far as the building
trades were concerned, as there was
I prior to that year.   The general strike
of 1910  for the closed shop In the
_| building tradea waB    next    touched
E upon, and a plea for the spirit of that
time urged.
The  prospects of good trade and
I prosperity were then dealt with, the
[ speaker taking the stand   that   they
■ were   not   anything to   get   excited
It about, and the war activity when
! labor was in demand in the shipyards
was referred to, and which the speaker
, claimed had not benefited the building trades workers. Better prospects
were, however, now in sight, as many
hundreds of men had left the city for
places whero conditions and wages
were much superior to those existing
in Vancouver, and which had attracted
the best mechanics who had followed
those conditions.
This Improvement in the Labor
market, the speaker insisted, gave the
carpenters an opportunity to improve
their conditions, but the best organization work could be done by the
members of the unions, and Bpeaking
of the organization he represented, he
(Continued on page 4)
Br&"°, *hood Reduces Initiated Fee to Help Organization Work
Head of Manitoba Employers' Association Gives Vivid Picture
of Misery of Farmers, But Would Aid Them by Reducing Wages
of Industrial Workers—Immigration Is Urged As a Means of Increasing Surplus of Labor So That Wages Can Be Reduced
THE RULING CLASS never sleeps. It is active twenty-four hours per day, and. at all times its activities are directed towards the intehests of its members. If the workers could or would read the
propaganda and confidential documents of their masters with understanding, they would realize the
nnnaaaitty n*t ni*tyanWn*i\i__\  hnt.h 'industrial and political.
| Pettipiece and Guthrie Will
Address Coal Diggers
on Sunday
Vancouver Island miners will havo
n opportunity of discussing the need
i for    organization on    Sunday    next,
when Alderman  H. P. Pettlplece of
Vancouver, and Sam Outhrle, M.L.A.
for the Newcastle riding, will address
them on "Why the Miners Should Organize?"
The meetings have been arranged
!as follows:   Sunday morning at Ladysmlth, South Wellington In the afternoon, and Nanaimo on Sunday night.
Kvcr since the Cumberland dlsast-
ir, the minors of the Island have been
?thinking organization;   numerous let-
f ters have been received by the Federatlonist asking how best to proceed,
1 and these meetings may result ln the
I organization being formed to cover ail
. three points.    That   organization    ls
necessary  it  seems  foolish  to  state,
_ particularly after the disasters on the
I' Island during the past few months,
and It is expected that the speakers
} will be greeted by capacity audiences
on Sunday next.
If the expressed wish of one of the
largest attended meetings held for
months, of the United Brotherhood of
Canponters, has any weight, then
there will only be one union of Carpenters in Vancouver in the near future, and that union the United
The discussion on this subject arose
out of a report of a Joint commltttee
which has been working for some
time ln an endeavor to secure unity
In the carpenters' ranks. This committee Ib made up of members of the
United Brotherhood and the Amalgamated Woodworkers, and recommended a Joint meeting; the resolution which was presented to the meeting calls for the members of Local
452 of the Brotherhood,* to support
the one local as the only solution of:
tho carpenters1 difficulties.
The following resolution calling for
amalgamation of the existing unions
was endorsed, and will be presented
to the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council at the next meeting of that
Resolution on Amalgamation
Whereas Employers throughout the
country have solidly united, being
bound together by a solidarity lf interest and organization which leaves
no room for divided action or desertions, and moreover, they are supported by the government, the courts
and the press in any union smashing
or wage reducing campaign in which
they may engage, and
Whereas the Unions because they
are divided against themselves along
trade lines and are thus unable to
make united resistance against the
employers, constantly suffer defeat
after defeat, wtth heavy losseB ln
membership and serious lowering of
the workers' standards of living and
working conditions, giving rise to a
tendency economically unsound but
Immediately attractive, namely secession, Independent and national
unionism and all the confusion inevitable with such developments, and
Whereas, Expressing as this tendency does the sincere desire on part
of large numbers of workers for progress, the only solution for the situation Is the development of a united
front of the workers by the amalgamation of the various trade unions
so that there will remain only one
union for each Industry on the North
American continent, therefore be it
Resolved: That this Trades and
Laber Council of Vancouver ln regular meeting, endorses the principle of
amalgamation as here set forth, and
calls upon the Trades Congress as the
highest body in Canada to circularize
the various International Unions, urging them to co-operate In calling a
series of Joint conferences for the
purpose of consolidating the present |
craft unions into powerful departmentalized Industrial organizations,
each of which shall cover an Industry-
Fees Reduced
Another feature of the meeting was
a lotter from Oeneral President Hutchinson, granting the local a dispensation to reduce the initiation fee to five
dollars for organization purposes.
A protest was made against the
Hastings Park lease to the Exhibition
Association, it being claimed that
there was no provision made for the
children resident In the vicinity, and
a demand for the Park Board to take
the park over will be presented to the
proper authorities.
The BrlghouBe Park job also came
under lire when Business Agent Hardy
reported that unskilled labor was
being employed on. carpenter work.
It was Anally decided that the central
labor body be asked to place this Job
on the unfair list, unless union conditions are maintained.
It was also reported that another
batch of carpenters had left town
owing to the fact that the wages in
thc city are lower than south of the
line, and as a result of men leaving
for cities where decent conditions and
wages could be secured, the local situation was Improved,
Organizer Wilkinson urged the
members to consolidate and build up
the organization, so that conditions
could be improved. His remarks
were brief but pointed, and showed
that where real organization existed
the position of the workerB had been
ft «,;.■_-■-,_._.«_.   „.... .    _,.
necessity of organization, both industrial and political.
The president of the Employers Association of Manitoba, some time ago delivered an address,
not in the haunts of labor, but in the Port Garry Hotel in "Winnipeg, a place where the common work-
Stood Six-Six for Acquittal
in Communist    '/
Russian Industrialists Ban
quet Comrades in
Frank P. Walsh Expects
Same Results in
Other Cases
do not congregate, out ount.
In his address this "worthy" gentleman expressed his opinion as to labor organizations, and in his
eeh he repeatedly referred to the fact that "we," referring to thc members of his class, had not
done all that could be done to prevent the labor organizations of this country getting control of the
1 A copy of his address, with another circular on- immigration, was received at the office of the
Federationist this week. We take it that they were sent out together for the purpose of furthering*1
the immigration schemes of the government at Ottawa, as reference is made in the report of the
speech, to labor's attitude towards immigration, and the circular deals entirely with the ruling class
need for immigrants. j
The president of the Manitoba Employers' Association has much to say on labor organizations.
He also has a solution for the ills of the country, and referring to the after war conditions, he makes
the following statements:
I believe that the world is sick and that the cause of it was the Qreat War. The business doctors of the world have not much hope that those patients in Southern and Eastern Europe will
ever recover. There are indications of convalescence of the Anglo-Saxon nations and that our
brothers to the East and cousins to the South will be amongst the first to get baok to normalcy
in business matters. In Western Canada the patient has suffered two relapses: The flrst and
minor of which is emigration. I may not speak at any length on this subject for the reason that
it can and will be far better handled by a subsequent speaker, but it does not require a very great
stretch 8f the imagination to realize that if we have a given population and a given capital debt,
the per capita of which is high, that if our population was doubled the per capita debt and its accompanying carrying charge, our taxes, would be reduced by one-half, also that our per capita
debt and per capita taxes would be increased in proportion as our numbers diminish.
The second and major relapse that is delaying our convalescence is the deplorable condition of
our farming population. I was told by a prominent and respected citizen of Winnipeg, who has
given a great deal of study to statistics, that last fall the farmers' dollar was only worth between
70c and 72c of our dollar. I was told by no less an authority than the present Premier of our
Province that 75 per cent, of our farmers are disconsolate, dissatisfied and practically ready to
quit. He told me they were desperate; that they and all their families had worked to the best
of their ability early and late on fhe farms with the best of equipment and still they oould not
get at the end of the year more than the bare necessities of life and sometimes not even that.
Would Divide Producers
AU through the tirade of the president of the Manitoba Employers Association, there is an evident attempt to bring about a further division between the farmers and the city workers, but tht
(Contlnued on page 4)
Meet in Works Theatres
Protest Action of French
k Ruhr
engineers for
Will Decide on New Wage
Scale on April
Local 844 of the Steam and Operating Engineers, held a well-attended
meeting on Thursday, the Sth, at
which several new members were initiated.
Interest in the organization is growing with the Increased membership,
and the question of wages and conditions were thoroughly discussed nt this
Final action with respect to a new
wage scale will be taken on the 19th,
and all members are urged to attend
the meetings, which are held every
Thursday evening.
The resolution sent by the local
branoh of the Trade Union Educational League, calling for the Trades
Council to endorse the amalgamation
of the existing unions into industrial
organizations, and for Trades Congress to secure a call _Eor a convention
to further the scheme, was endorsed,
and the delegates instructed to support the resolution when presented 'to
the council.
German Workers Have to
Work Longer for
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Berlin—What military occupation
meanB to an average skilled workor In
the Ruhr valley ls set forth in the current Issue of Die Welt am Montag.
Instead of describing ln marks what
food cost before and after the occupation, the editor has made calculations
ln terms of working hours. This
should be a far more satisfactory
method of demonstrating to the Am
erican worker his fellow workers' lot
in the Ruhr tban a compilation In
marks which will have been overtak
en by the time this correspondence
reaches the United States. According
to the Weit, an average skilled worker
In the Ruhr valley had to work—
Aug. 5,'22 Feb. 2,'23
Pound    HourB & mln. Hours & mln.
Beef  2.16 3.03
Rice 46 1.39
Flour 36 .54
Coffee   5.15 10.«6
Margarine   2.40 4.43
Butter  3.45 6.31
Coal (ton)  45.00 120.00
The Vancouver and District Labor
Representation Committee
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender Street West
Monday, April 16th, 1923, at 8 p.m.
All delegate, should bo present, nnd nil lnbor organizations aro
entitled to be represented
[By Joe Carroll]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
St. Joseph. Mich.—"We are confident that the next jury In the Michigan syndicalism cases will be as fair
and as keen to grasp the fundamentals of liberty as this one," said Defence Counsel Frank P. Walsh, when
the flrst of the trials ended fn a 6 to 6
vote and the jury discharged. Wm.
Z. Foster, the defendant, Is subject to
retrial on the same charge but the
prosecution Intends to proceed flrst
with the next case, that of C. E. Ruth-
enberg, opening April 16.
"Judge Charles E. White held the
scales of justice with unimpeachable
evenness," Walsh declared. "Hts Instructions to the jury were fair to
both sides. His rulings during the
trial, while differing sometimes from
our Interpretations, were always characterized by a desire for complete Impartiality.
"The prosecution conducted Its case
with extreme vigor, but nevertheless
preserved a courteous attitude toward
the defendant. We are glad to have
met such foes,
"The healthy Americanism of the
jury seems to be typical of Michigan's
Inhabitants, Mrs. Minerva Olson, the
woman Juror, traces her family back
to American revolutionary stock. We
hesitated at flrst to accept her when
she declared that she had been under
the Impression that Reds were nothing but ignorant foreigners. Her
spirit of freedom seems to have been
roused when the prosecution attempted to turn a scientific prediction of
violent revolution into actual advocacy
of lt. With her stood Ave men from
the start, who were determined not to
jeopardize liberty of speech and assemblage in Michigan. I do not quarrel with the six others who seemed to
fear that American institutions were
"I congratulate the State of Michigan on the eminently judicial temper
of Judge White .and on the representative character of the jury."
Undercover men of the United
Slates   department   of   justice,   who
Trades  Council   Affiliation
Condemned by City
Montreal—Affiliation by the police
union with the Trades and Labor
Council has again been condemned by
the city council,
[By Robert Dunn]
(Special Cor. Federated Press)
Moscow, March 1— (By Mall)—
When Moscow and all Russia celebrated the flfth anniversary of the organisation of the Red army last Friday
and Saturday, everyone was busy at
meetings, reviews and concerts. Bill
Haywood took ln an entertainment or
two at the military academies; McManus, English member of the Comintern Presidium, spoke nine times at
Tver at tlie headquarters of some of
the regiments. The Soviet papers ran
special editions with sketches showing
the development of the present well-
equipped Red army oui ol the ragged
Red Guards, who careered about bi
motor lorries ln Petrograd ln the fall
of 1917.
I did not attend the great meeting
in the big theatre, addressed by Radek
and Kamanev, and greeted by Trotsky. I went Instead to one of the factory rayons and there watched 1500
workers in a textKe dyeing and flnlan-
Ing plant, one of the best ln Russia,
express their greetings to their soldier
They met ln the works theatre—a
solid affair used tn pro-revolutionary
years by the bosses tod the white-collared office employees,-but not by the
manual workers. Now the tables are
turned, and on this night the place
waa jammed with rabotcheye—jammed to the steel rafters from whloh
hung the fresh, gold-lettered banners
of-the revolution, red enwreathed with
ftr and green garlands. ..
Act as Patrons
In the reserved seats at the front
of the hall sat the. SO members of
Regiment No. 41, for which the factory workers act as a sort of chef or
patron; and on tha stage with the officers of the factory administration
and the trade union, sat the leader of
the 50, a tall, young, muscular boy, a
trusted Communist.
There was nothing extraordinary
about the speeches. They were
straight, simple, unaffected, quite like
tbe ones I bud heard the night iprevi
have been tho mainstay of the State oUa ftt a clothing factory, where an-
prosecution, registered chagrin at thelother half-hundred members of an-
outcome. The jury apparently hellev- other regiment had been given a blow-
fid with thet defense that the testl- out p)u8 BOme excellent clotheB.
mony of professional spies on Labor "Long live Comrade Trotsky and our
was questionable at best. Francis workers' Republic," spoke the hearts
Morrow, alias Ashworth, the govern-10f th0 workers from the dye tubs and
ment spy, who posed as one of the I the bleaching machines. These work-
delegates to the Communist conven-,erH were obviously ln a good humor.
tion of last August, and who cast the Tj,e hall was warm and comfortable:
deciding vote to keep the party underground,   was   in   the   court-room
This action by the throughout the jury deliberations.
1    The prosecution shot its best bolt
city council follows adoption of a re- i
solution by the Trades and Labor
Council ln favor of the appointment
of a royal commission to probe the
aditttriisratlon of the city police department and the alleged toleration of
commercialized vice. The resolution,
which was addressed to the lieutenant-
governor of the Provinoe, specifically
charged that "certain members of the
city council are making all possible
efforts to disrupt the policemen's
union, and other unions of municipal
employees," and that the executive
committee of tho city council had
"persistently refused to recognize the
Pqlicemen's Union and receive its of'
Give a little encouragement to our
Victorian   Government  to
Generate Own Electrical Power
Melbourne, Australia—The Victorian state government is working huge
deposits of lignite near the City of
Melbourne for the generating of electric powor. The mines and electrical
works are all State-owned.
Three deposits of lignite, each covering an area of 30 square miles, have
been located near Melbourne, and in
these areas only one yard of earth had
to be removed to commence winning
illimitable supplies, something after
the style of the strip mines in the
United States. The thickness of the
seams range'from 150 to 600 feet.
lt is estimated that there is enough
conl for all electrical purposes for at
least ISO years, Tlie cost Is only 60
cents per ton, and even if the combustibility of two and a half tons Is
regarded nH equivalent to thot of one
tone of best blnck coal, there still remains an enormous saving.
It Is intended to make light and
power available for the whole Stale
from these state-owned brown coal deposits. At present power is being supplied to the City of Melbourne at on
exceedingly cheap rate. Because of
Its cheapness when converted to power, the Industry will revolutionize
amnufucture In tills part of the Austrnlian government.
Workers' Party Mcctinft
The Vancouver Branch of tho
Workers' Party of Canada will hold
a propaganda meoting at headquarters, 303 Pender Street West, on Sunday evening, at 8 o'clock. Comrades
Drayton and Wells will bo thc speakers. Discussion nnd questions will
follow the speakers addresses.
Be sure to notify the post office as
soon aB you change your address.
From April  I Sill to 211th
FRIDAY, April 13—Milk Snlcs-
nvon anti Dairy Employe™;
Plumbers nnil Steamfltteraj
Uiilteil Pattern Makers of B.
SUNDAY, April 16—Maintenance
of Wny Bmployeee, 11 a.m.
MONDAY, April 16—Electrical
Workers, No, 310; Boilermakers; Structural Iron Workers;
Labor Representation Commiltee.
TUESDAY, April 17—Trades
nnd Labor Council.
WEDNESDAY, April 18—City
Firefighters;  Lllhographors,
THURSDAY, April 10—Machinists. No. 18_; Plasterers Laborers; Tnilors' Bxeoullve;
Steam nnd Operating Engineers,  No.  844.
when it selected Foster, who has been
branded by his enemies, far and wide,
as the "master American red," ns the
first to be tried, thinking that his conviction would make the convictions of
the other 70 defendants easier. They
overlooked the fact that Foster's acquittal would be the hardest possible I
blow to the prosecution in the remain- j
Ing cases.
The  Labor  Defence  Council,    with I
offices at  166 W. Washington  Street.
Chicago- organized to defend the Labor men in tho Michigan prosecutions,
Is redoubling its efforts to help clear !
Ruthenberg, Robert Minor, Wm.   P. ■
Dunn,   Rose   Pnstor   Stokes  nnd   the
rest.    The  blow  to   the   prosecution
will not have tho effect ot putting the
Labor Defence Council off its guard.
real wages were advancing; life was
giving time for entertainments like
this; memories of the hard days on
the military front stirred them with
courago to face difficult work on the
(Continued 'on  page  4)
Boss Goes Away and Employees Run Plant and
Make "Good"
Kansas City, Mo.—In June, 1818,
Ernest H. Wright, inventor nnd manufacturer of liquid smoke used ln curing bacon and hams, left his factory
ond went for a munth'H vacation- tell-
ng no one his destiny, tt wns up to
his employees to run the business
without a boss. They did so. This
was the biggest month in the history
of the plant, in point of production
anil business done.
Two years ago Wright mnde n two-
year trip to Japan, again leaving it to
the workers to see thot the wheels of
Industry kept moving. Again tho
workers exemplified their ability In
the field of industrial management,
nnd the factory rolled along and produced good profits.
Wright soys: "I am satisfied that
these workers cnn carry on this business when I'm dead. I have proscribed no form of management in my will.
They've watched the business operate
for- years, and they will flnd a way."
Wright's will specifies thnt at hia
death the employees shall he Hole heirs
to tho Industry he founded. The Industry consists of n large building in
this city, and two manufacturing
plants, the locution of which Wright
prefers not to reveal, The business
done amounts to more thnn $fi00,000
rosier Congratulated
Chicago—"Foster    cure    Federated
Press, Chicago:
These seven cabled words from
London carry the congratulations of
tbe London Dully Herald, the great
British Lnbor daily, to Wm. S3, Foster,
on the failure of the Michigan Jury to
convict   him   of criminal  syndicalism.
DlSCdlltlilllU   Meetings
The Federated Lalior Purty, recognizing that the summer months are
not the bent time for propaganda
meetings, hns decided to discontinue
their Sunday night meetings. The regular business nieeting will bo held,
hut there will be no further propa-
banda meetings until the full.
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
before mnking purchases.
Say Passage from England
Onc of Privation and
(The Federated Press)
Perth, West Australia—Scandalous
allegations against.the Peninsular &
Orient Steamship Company wore mude
by Immigrants arriving, in Western
Australia by the steamer Berrima.
Thoy assert that their passage from
l-.iiK'urid was one of privation and
Tbey -aid there was ait-insufficiency
of food, while that offered was un-
pnlntohle und badly conked. Mothers
wore unable to get proper food for infants, ond two children died ttt sen—
It being claimed that their deaths
were due to lack of proper nourishment. The accommodation was overtaxed, and In some enses the people
were horded together like outtle.
The Australian federal government
is to mnke Inquiries into the allegations,
Put a one-cent stamp,on this paper
ind mail It tn a friend.
Of Unskilled and Building Trades Laborers
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender Street West
Saturday, April 14th, 1923,2 p.m.
PnMWwd every Friday mornlngjjy The B. C, Federatloniat
Busineu Ofllce:  11SI Howe Street
MltoriU   Office:    Room   806—119   Pender   Street   West
SMIterlal Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.
SOMdrtptton Hate: United States and Foreign, (1,00 per
year; Canada, 12.50 per year, 11.50 (or six months; to
Valons subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
Unit/ of Labor: The Hope of the World
FRIDAT Aipril   It, Hit
Immigration, Capitalistic Efficiency
and the Blacklist
LE THE CANADIAN Government is seeking
new immigrant- from European countries, the
employing class is driving thousands of workers
out of the country. The blacklist is in operation
in every industry. Workers who are active in endeavoring to increase thcir standard of living, or
even holding that which they have got, are marked
men. In fact, no feudal baron ever had more control of his slaves than has the present ruling class.
* *       #
Efficiency is a ery which the workers hear when
they apply for a job. In fact they can hear their
masters raving for efficiency in industry every day
in the week, and read about it in the daily press,
but while the Canadian government is seeking new
slaves, the employers are driving the efficient men
out of the country by the moans of intimidation,
and the denial of the right of a man to be a thinking individual.
* *       »
To be efficient in the eyes of the employers, is
to be subservient. To be amenable to discipline,
and to accept such wages and conditions as they
are offered without protest,
Vancouver is a city which is boosted by all and
sundry, but the army of efficient mechanics whicli
have left it for the south of the line, where conditions and wages are better, will offset all the boosting of the Rotarians and other noisy but misleading individuals.
We also often hear about basic industries and
their value to the Province. But in these basic industries, we find that discrimination against the
most efficient workers is carried on because they
refuse to be supine slaves. The miners on Vancouver Island were intimidated during the big strike
of 1913, when the men struck because their gas
committee was discriminated against. Troops were
used against them, and since that time there has
been a system of espionage carried on which has
been a source of intimidatiqn and terrorism.
* *       *
The logging industry is also infested with the
same type of human vultures, who for pay, will spy
on their fellows and report their activities to the
employers. As stated in another column, the blacklist is in operation in thc lumber industry. Thousands of the most efficienUloggors who came from
Eastern Canada and other points, have bcen denied
-the right to even produce profits for their masters,
because they refused to be skinned to the bone, and
to eat and sleep under conditions which no galley
alave was ever asked to live.
But the blacklist, and thc intimidatory methods
of the ruling class cannot be met with apathy.
They can only be dealt with by an organized working class. Organization will not, however, be
brought about by the grouching which can bc heard
in the lumber camps, and in the mining centres.
The workers must get together—there may be
some who will be sacrificed to thc greed of thc ruling class,' but that sacrifice must bc made, and if
•the workera will not line up in Iheir industrial organizations to fight thc encroachments of capitalism and the terrorizing methods of the ruling class,
then they will never bc capable of taking over thc
means of wealth production. Organization should
bc the slogan in the yoar 1923, and if immigrants
aro brought here, they too must bc organized, but
the first necessity is to. organize the workers already here.   To the task.
The British Labor Party's Lesson
for Canadian Workers,
On Monday next, there will be a meeting of the
local Labor Representation Committee. There are
many organizations not yet affiliated with that
body, but there is no reason why they should not
be represented at this meeting, and The Federationist, realizing that in political action there is
educational value, would urge all delegates to attend this meeting, and all local working class organizations not yet affiliated, to see that they are
Friday: ....April it, ui
WERE THERE NOT a doubt as to the intentions
of thc British Labor Party, and also as to the
understanding of the position which that party
holds, in so far as thc working elass revolutionary
movement is concerned, there might be much satisfaction taken in the ranks of the workers throughout the world at the happenings in tho Mother of
Parliaments during thc past week.
* »        ¥
Even with all other considerations taken cognizance of, there is one outstanding feature, und that
is that the Labor Party was able to make some copy
for thet capitalist press, and to give an opportunity
to the hendline writers to show their skill.
. 4 #
But, the solemnity of a musty institution, has
been penetrated. Socialist songs have been sung
by sufficient working class representatives with
power enough to send thcir message throughout the
world. The men who sang the songs might not be
willing to support their intent, but at least they
sang thom and that is a start, and the workers of
Great Britain have had an experience which they
will not forget.
For the firat time in British hlitory, the Labor
representatives were able to prevent thc ruling
class politicians from carrying on. Thc master
clasa carried on during thc war with the aid of
such men as J 11. Thomas, who is still opposed to
strikes, but in the days of peace, when the patriotic bug had been lost for a time, the Labor members of the House were found to be lusty enough to
prevent, the proceeding to the House continuing.
* *        *
Canadian workers might learn a lesson from this
«pisode. Only two Labor members in the House at
Ottawa; three in the Provincial parliament ot
British Columbia, and a similar proportion in other
legislative bodies. But. this lack of working class
representation should be an incentive to tiic workers of Canada, and particularly of Vancouvor,
where tho workers arc supposed to be revolutionists, to sec that some steps should bo taken to secure more Labor representation, and b.v so doing,
more working class propaganda..
French Militarism and the
Chemical War
Prosperity, Earnings and Wages
other words, what is affluence to a man in the
ranks of thc working class, would be poverty in
the eyes of a millionaire. But earnings, can increase
or they may decrease, and the positien of the wage
worker or the millionaire stockholder, enhanced by
that increase, or reduced by the decrease.
From financial magazines, published to show the
tendencies of the business conditions prevailing in
the United States, we learn that the "earnings" of
thc large railroad corporations, and other large
capitalistic institutions, are increasing.
But oven such journals admit that there is a
connection between the wages of the workers, and
the "earnings" of the large corporations, and in
this connection, the Magazine of Wall Street, has
the following tp say:
This growth of earnings is much more substantial than might reasonably have been anticipated some time ago, when it seemed as if the
extravagant advance of wages had condemned
a good many concerns to permanently low earnings, or to the necessity of maintaining an abnormally large turnover in order to pay ordinary dividends. On the whole, a better adjustment between priees, wages and earnings now
exists than has been true for some time past,
although probably there not not a few industries in which the adjustment is still unsatisfactory, owing to irregular or one-sided-price
Those who have been sceptical as to the activities of the employers in the breaking down of the
workers' organizations, after reading the above,
can have little doubt left that there is a struggle
between capital and labor, and that the struggle is
for the product of labor. ffl
The workers are paid wages, the employers
"earn" profits, the lower the standard of living
the workers are handed out, the higher the profits
of the ruling class.
# *        *
The omployers, through their politicians and
other henchmen, seek to retain their power to control the wealth producers, and by so doing, protect
their ntercsts. No onc can blame them for so doing. But when the workers vote for their teasers'
puppets oh election day, they vote to still further
enslave themselves and increase their masters' earnings. If the average wage worker could only see
that only by the control of political power can he
increase his share of the necessities of life which he
so much desires, there would be but little chance of
the employers of Labor, who nover engaged in actual production, earning anything without going to
work. In the meantime, the workers work, and
their wages go lower, and lower, while their masters' profits mount to fabulous figures, and yet
they are "Content to remain unorganized, and to bc
thc slaves of a class which has no god but profits.
Red Sunday Schools and Ruling
Class Ethics
CUNDAY SCHOOLS, like all other educational in-
*J stitutions, have at all times been a means of
spreading ideas to the young in conformity with
those who had them in their control. Prior to the
workers in the British Isles realizing the power of
such institutions, from a class viewpoint, the employing elass had full scope, and saw to it that all
such institutions taught ruling class ethics.
* » ¥
Having a view which is different to the powers
whieh now control thc lives of the toiling millions
of the Greatest Empire the world ever saw, the
workers of that Empire, or at least that part of it
which is contained within the British Isles, decided
to have Sunday schools of their own, and even
went so far as to draw up their own ten commandments.
Naturally, working elass "ethics" are taught in
these schools. The children are taught to bow to
none, and to love learning. There is a difference
between knowledge and learning. Thc "know-
ledge" which has been implanted in the minds of
the young for generations, has been the knowledge
of thc master class. Learning, in a proletarian
sohool, dispols this knowledge, or retards its power
in the minds of the young, and by this means, the
workers have been able to foster thc spirit of discontent and working class learning in the minds of
the youth of the British Isles.
The minds of the youth of any country, if under
the domination of any class, can be trained to aet
in conjunction with the wishes of thc class which
has control. Youth docs not, however, stand still;
the boys or girls of today'are the men and women
of another decade, and their early teachings, mould
tlieir ideas and opinions and their concept of life.
Recognizing this fact, the ruling class fears the
workers' Sunday schools, in which thc children are
taught that the. capitalistic system is the cause of
tlieir father's unemployment; thoir hungry stomachs and thc poverty of their homes. Hence the
outcry in thc British House of Commons from thc
Tory benches against the workers' Sunday schools
which do not teach religion, but facts which deal
with the daily life of the workers, and which arc
doing much to destroy the power of the dominant
olass in society, and the workers of this country
oan safely follow in the footsteps of the English,
Scotch and Irish workers by starting working class
Sunday schools for, if the Tories object to them,
thev must be good for the wealth producers in
thoir struggle for emancipation.
Whon Soviet Russia executes a counter-revolutionist, that is an act of barbarity. But when an
Irish rebel is shot, the press announces that a
"Rebel loader is slain, and that peace is near." It
all soems to be a question as to whose ox is being
[By Marcel Fourrier, Paris]        '
lili DARIAC'S (Chairman of the
*■"'■ Finance Committee in the
Chamber of Deputies) secret report,
exposed to the light of day by the
Humanlte, and suppressed by a complete conspiracy of silence on the
part of tho great capitalist press
obedient to orders from above, haa
thrown much light on the real Intentions concealed behind Polncare's
Ruhr adventure. His ultimate aim
is nothing mor nor less than the annexation of the Rhine Province.
In the opinion of French imperialists, this annexation ls justified by urgent reason ol national defence. In
one part of his report, M. Darlac refers to the Rhino country as a, "military glacis of France," and M. Poincare emphasized these words still
more In the speech before the Chamber, In which ho Justified his military
action, and made insinuations as to
"certain pressing necessities of national defence."
At the present juncture lt ls not
merely a question of the notorious
policy of natural boundaries and the
"Watch on the Rhine," for the war
of 1914-1918 gave us conclusive
proofs that no river, however well
guarded, can afford any serious obstacle to the advance of a modern
army. The Irresistible "charm of the
Rhine for the French militarism lies
ln the gigantic dye factories, which
can be transformed overnight into
poison gas factories.   .
The Gaa War of 1D1S to 1918
The whole world knows of the gigantic development of poison gas oa
a military weapon ln the laat imperialist blood bath. Those soldlera who
escaped the hell of Tpres will never
forget the first attack, with its preliminary of chloride gas, in the year
1915. And all through their lives
will they remember the gas grenades
and their effect.
The sudden and rapid advance of
the Germans in 1918 was to be attributed almost solely to the extensive employment of blue gas grenades. And Ludendorff's memoirs
have since revaled to us that at this
time the Oerman artillery waa actually shooting 70 per cent, gas grenades.
In the face of this danger, the
Allies have been exerting their utmost endeavors, since. 1917, to create
for themselves a chemical industry
of equal efficiency. Huge sums have
been expended for the rapid erection
of great chemical works, and to provide these with the necessary raw materials. But it was not until J,uly
1918, that the1 poison gas production
of the Allies had made any noticeable progress.
Dye Works and tbe Production of
Poison Gas
What was the attitude adopted by
the Allies and'the Germans, after the
war, to a problem causing the utmost
distress to chemical capital! For
though the English and French poison gas factories, built and developed
exclusively for the war against Germany, became practically useless for
purposes of post-war uroductlon, this
did not by any means apply to the
German chemical works. These, on
the contrary, were at once re-transformed Into what they had been before 1914: excellent dye works. The
French and English factories, on the
other hand, were obliged to disappear
altogether or to undergo complete reconstruction.
A few figures may serve to represent the situation more graphically:
The present production of dye-stuffs
In Germany exceeds 160,000 tons, as
against SO,000 tons in the rest of the
world. In 1918, France produced 18,-
000 tons for her war purposes, but
this has now receded to a round production of 9,000 tons.
Poison Gas and the Strength of
the Annies
Germany's crushing superiority In
this line thus becomes obvious. For
the poison gases known today are obtained from dyestuffs through a simple chemical process.
It waa for thla reason that even
after 1918, Germany, though vanquished and disarmed, still remained
a great military power, for ah'e had
at her disposal, the mightiest chemical producing capacity ln the world.
The peace treaty of Versailles devoted some attention to the chemical
war. . It formally forbade Germany
to manufacture poison gases. Moreover, it provided for a strict supervision of all German dye works. But
of what use is supervision? The dye-
stuff industry is once and for all a
peace Industry, and its products are
simply indispensable in the dye works
throughout the world, so that lt cannot be reduced or otherwiso limited
without turning world economics upside down. Hence, Germany romains
ln a position enabling her to transform tho some raw materials and
products, overnight, Into poison gases, and to convert her peace Industry
Into a war Industry at a moment's
The United States and Its Dye
This material Impossibility of disarming Germany on this point is a
source of great concern to the French
army staff, and the government of a
country which Is striving for a world
hegemony for its militarism at any
prico. And, Indeed, the significance of
the chemical factor In the next war
could scareoly escape the notice of
the French army staff, despite Its
mental limitations, Just as it has escaped the notice of the other world
powers. Tho United States, however, was tbo flrst to take measures
towards reinforcing its military position by the increase and development
of the chemical equipment of Its
Goneral Fries, the head of the
chemical doparlmont of the American
military headquarters, wrote aa follows In tho Journal of Industrial and
Engineering Chemistry, as early as
tho year 1910:
"The chemical war represents,
above all, a real science. Since
tho Invention of gun-powder, nothing has been discovered which has
so fundamentally altered the conditions of conducting warfare. . .
The genoral Introduction of tho
chomical wur on land, water, and
ln the air, will secure an Incontest
able superiority to the nation which
ls able to produce most ln this
line. . ,"
The Cares of the French Military
Thla view was lately confirmed by
Field Morchal Foch himself. This
confirmation may be found ln the
preface of a book by an Bngllsh officer, Major Lefebure, entitled The
Riddle of the Rhine. Thla preface
seeks to enlighten Its readers as to
the fate awaiting them during the
next capitalist war. The aeroplane,
we read, which Is becoming capable
of carrying ever greater weights from
day to day, will form a fresh means
of spreading Immense quantites of
poison gas ln the form of bombs of
ever Increasing size, making It very
easy to attack armies, or centres of
population behind thefront, or of rendering whole districts uninhabitable
for human beings, , .
Bright futurel
After all this, we may well comprehend why French militarism gazes
as if hypnotized at the German dye
works, all of which hapen to lie, by
a miraculous accident, ln the Rhine
We must decry this policy of
French Imperialism in every country.
At the Orpheum
Of the many imported "acts" that
have been presented in Orpheum vaudeville, there are none who have
created more of a furbre on their American debut than Mile. Qermalns
Mltty and Eugene Tilllo, sensational
dancers, who hall from Paris. They
are coming to the Orpheum theatre
next week as one of the principal at-
This pair Is nothing short of a dancing sensation, with their combination
of grace, strength and lissome skill,
Theirs is a combination of the Apache
dance of .Max Dearly and his partner,
and of the classic evolutions of Mord-
kin and Pavlowa, set to the wild
Spanish school's tendency toward
color in costuming. Truth to tell, the
costuming applies only to Mile, Tilllo.
As to Mllle. Mltty, she ls not restrained or concealed by garments.
The athletic features of their dances
are astounding. Yet ease is ever observable. Once Mors. TUHo hurls
Mile. Mltty from high above his head
into a huddled heap fifteen feet from
htm. Yet she alights uninjured and
with composure.
Much sensational dancing has preceded Mitty and Ttllio, so much that
theatre-goers have become somewhat
blase in this direction. Yet they are
an amazing dancing, athletic, artistic
sensation, and unquestionably the
most marvellous importation that will
havo graced the Orpheum boards ln
many seasons.
Fonr Miithti md Three Mattnoea
Mile. Germain*. M. Eugene
Assisted by WlUard F, Doree
Joe Morris and Ro. Campbell
Mcdonald trio
Aesop's Fables      Topics of tbe Dar
Canadian Fatbe News
Bitty Mon., Wad. tat Sat. En_lngi
804 HOBKBT IT. Opp. Ooart Bonn
"A Good Place to Eat"
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Drugless Healing
THIS business calls for the best
equipment, backed by the best
human judgment and skill. It needs
men who can sbow. a record; who
can repeat, and lf necessary, beat
their own record. WE have the
equipment, and this Is what we always want to do—BEAT OUR OWN
we have It to givo,
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 21341
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at < p.m,
To Embroider
COLORED linen Guest Towels, hemstitch-
ed and stamped in neat, attractive patterns; colors are beige, mauve, pink, blue
or tan—$1 each.
Bungalow Luncheon Sets of blue and white
check gingham, hemstitched and stamped
to embroider. Sets consist of one eloth and
four serviettes—$2.50 complete.
Bedspreads of unbleached cotton stamped
for the new candlewick embroidery, at
$4.50, also bolster at $1.25.
Pillowcases made up and stamped for applique or white embroidery — specially
priced at $1.95 a pair.
—Drysdale's Needlework Shop, Fourth Floor
S75 OranviUe Street
Phone Seymour 3640
San ■ Francisco—The California
branch of the general defense committee announces that there are now 47
members of the I. W. W. ln prison under criminal syndicalism charges, and
27 more out on appeal. There are
also about 40 awaiting trial, and a far
greater nunTber held on so-called vagrancy charges.
THE Largest Stock of Ladies'
Spring   Suits,   Dresses   and
Ooats ln the West.
Our display of 1928 style, Ib magnificent. It la complete at to atyle—
offers a full range of the new ehadei.
We have garments to suit stay taate
—to meet any parse.
Oar Pricsi Are Exceptionally
Famous ^I^T
023  HASTINOS  ST., Kear On&fUl*
If yoa live oat of town, send for oar
Mail Order Catalogue. Free on request. Wo guarantee satisfaction or
refund yonr money.
Bint np Pbone Seymour tSM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Bolt*  Ml   Dominion   Building
Arthur Frith & Co.
2313 Main Street
Between 7th and 8th Avenues
We still have a few pairs of
men's Boots, with or without
Neolin  sole, An   C|"|
Children's Elk Sole Sandals,
at  $1.20, $1.50, fl.65
See our special prices on Outing Shoes for Men, Women and
Men's Wash Ties,     A J   ftf\
Special 3 for *J>loUU
Extra strong Muleskln    gn
Gloves, at   OUC
Phono Fairmont 4859
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
4M-4M HotropolHan BoUdlng
•97 Haattaga St. W. VAKKWVBB. 1. 0.
TtlfPks-M: _ej-»ar HM sad M_r
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones:  Sey. 1441 and 465
Offloe No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Kindling Free
1440 ORANVILLE gey. 62*0
1160 Oeorgia street
Snnday senlcea, 11 a.m. ud 7:80 pjn.
Sunday    ichool    Immediately    following
morning aerrloe.   Wedneiday teatimonlal
?0_&Bfr_.-!id,.PrM   md""   """"•
E. r. Harrison s. A. Ptrr»
23. E-KOSWAT      VAHOOUVEB, 8.0.
Phone Fatnnona 01
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone,- Highland W.
Cigar Store
Long DUtanee Telephone Service a Beil
Auat to tbe Electing BnmsMi Mea.
THEBE ere few advantages In modern :
bunlm-ns to be compared In actual value I
with the aervice yonr own offlee telephone \
Its prepared at any moment of thc day or
night to aupply you with. '
At a minimum outlay in minutes, you
can get In direct touch with yoar desired
party, possibly hnndredit of miles away,
whero postal or other dolay would be a
decided drawback. Correspondence can* i
not compete with tho spoed of telephone
service, besides which consider carefully
the undoubted advantages of a personal
Two Short Worda, Bridging the Gidf Between
,_"**l*-^—%*R*i,JI°-*''{ *** far family Htalait atel _■ emergeney,
witk • 6A7IXQ8 ACOOnHT—the most »__•__> AlHt laiaia tare tet
the "RAIHY DAY,"
We STH0N9LT BIOOMM-ID yoa lo (lut lock (a account AT ONOE,
at one of oor Olty Bnendiea.
bashros tat smiora .one. b. mm. __■_.-_.
Oordm ud Abbott Main o__ __t_ Are. tSa-tTa—it—y
Union Bank of Canada |cUDAT April   11, 1911
Call and let me examine yonr
U&ll&l     tee^ ""^ advise yon.  I will
give yon an estimate on the
P-_J„^_ cost of putting them in proper
-TllCeS    condition.
Bridgework and Crowns
Expression Plates
Extraction of Teeth,    Gold, Porcelain and Al-
HALF PRICE loy Fillings, Half Price.
Hy work Is thorough—I give 15-year written guarantee
Dr. Brett Anderson
Comer Soymour
Phone, Seymour 8831
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
•     * [By J. M. Clark]
(General Sec. L. W, I. U. of Canada)
Vancouver Unions
Vancouver   trades   and   labor
■CouncU —Prealdeat, R. H. Neelanda, U.
U. A.; general seoretary, Percy R. Bengoagh.
Jfice; 308, 319 Pender St. Weet. Phone Sey.
T«6. Meets in Ubor HaU at 8 pa. en
■he flrat and third Toetdeyi In month.
Meete aecond Monday in the month. Pretident, J. R White; aeoretary, R. H. Reel*
tads. P. 0. Box 86
. second Thursday erery month, 819 Pender
Street Weat. Preaident, 3. BrightweoU;
Inanclal   secretary,   H.   A.   Bowron,   3849
3nrna Btreet.  i	
AL Union ef America—Loeal  120, Vu*
-Oliver, B. 0., meeta second and foarth Taea-
lays in eaoh mouth in Room 813—819 Pettier Street Weat.    President, 0. E. Herrett,
fl Hastings Street East;  aecreUry, A. B.
Tanl, 320 Gamltie Street.   Shop pbone, Sey.
3702.    Residence phone, Doug. 2171R.
I   Boilermakers, Iroa Shipbuilders end Help-
■tn of America, Looal- 194—Meetings  drat
■.nd third Mondaya in each month.    Presl-
■lent, P. WilUa; sewotary, A. Fraaer.   Offloe:
■(oom 803—819 Pender Street West.   Offlee
liours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 pjn.
bricklayer*  er  masons   for  boUer  worka,
i to., or marble setters, phone BrlckUyera'
Union, Labor Temple.	
TKRS and Jolnera, Looal 452—Preaident.
Vtn. Dunn; recording eecretary, Oeo, SneU;
Witness agont, Oeo. H. Hardy. Offlee:
(oom 804—819 Pender Street Weat Meeta
econd and fonrth Mondaya, 8 p.m., Room 5,
119 Pender Street West. 	
5fvl6   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meets   first
md third Fridays in eaoh month, at 148 Cor-
'.ova Street Weat.    Preeldent, David Cuthlll,
1852 Albert Street; seoretary-treasurer, Oeo.
tarrlgon, 133S Woodland Drive.
K Steam and Operating,  Looal  844—MeeU
Avery Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
■Temple.    Secretary-treasurer,  N. Oreen, 958
VVornby Street.   Phone Sey. 7048R.   Record-
■iig   secreUry,   J.   R.   Campbell,   808   First
tftreet, North Vancouver
(Federated labor party, us cor-
i  dova   Stroet   Weat Educational   meetings every Sunday evening, 8 o'clock.   Busi-
,:u'K8 meetings ovory Wednesday evening.    A.
Maclnnis,   chairman;   E.  H.  Morrison,  see.-
l:roaa.; Qeorge D. Harrison,  1385 Woodland
Drive, Vancouver,  B, C,  corresponding aeoretary; 
President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Fireball'
1-Borotary, 0. A. WatBon, No. 3 Firehall.
HOTEL    AND    RESTAURANT    Employees
Union,   Local   28—441   Seymour   Street.
Meets  first and  third Wednesdays  at 2:80
in.     Socond   and   fonrth   Wednesdays   at
■hu : 30   p.m.     Executivo   board   meets   every
^Wuoeday at 3 p.m.   President, W. A, Colmar-
l^lmsint'ss agent, A. Oraham.    Phone Seymour
'In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
St. Louis—Tho St. Louis Central
Tradea and Labor Union Ib unanimously behind the demand of local flre
fighters for an increase of $25 a month
in wages. The flreemn are 100 per
cent, unionized, and afflliated with the
central body. Comptroller Nolte says
he will not approve the ordinance lf
it le passed.
^m OP CANADA—An induatrlal union of all
^■workora in logging and construction camps,
^H feast District and Oeneral Headquarters, 61
^■-iirdova Street West, Vancouver, B. 0.
^H'horte Soymour 78G6. J. M, Clarke, general
^^ocretary-treasurer;   legal   advisers,   Messrs.
llird,  Maedonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. 0,;
uditors,  Measrs,  Buttar tt Chiene,  Vancou*
'      B. 0.
.iOHINISTS  LOOAL   182—President,  Lee
J Oeorge; aeeretary, J. 0. Keefe; business
feent, P. R. Bengough. Offloe: 309, 319
onder Strwt Weat. Meeta In Room 818—
19 Pender Street West, on first and third
'huradaya in month.       	
[ACHINISTS LOCAL 692—President, Ed.
Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
tent, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 309—819
J onder Street Weat. . MeeU In Room 3—*
119 Pender Street West, on second end 4th
leadays In month.
^T. UNION, Looal 145, A. F. of M.-*-Meets at
(jEoose HaU,  Homer  Street,  second  Sunday,
It) a.m.   President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
ilson Btreet; aeoretary,  Edward Jamleson,
ll Nelson Street; finanoial aecreUry, W. E.
''illlams,  991  NeUon  Street;  organiser,  F.
letcher, 991 Nelson Street.
■IPHJ-IUT,     m     aam*m*.*.       ^ 	
1 TORS and Paperhangers of America. Loeal
", Vancouver—MeeU 2nd and 4th Thura*
s at 148 Oordova Streot West.    Phone,
tiy. 8510.   Bnalneaa aa-ent, R. A. Baker.
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets In
ibor Hall,  819 Pender Street West every
d and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m.   Jas. Thomp*
n, financial secretary.	
Cordova Streot West, P, 0. Boi 571. Phone
. 8703.   Meetings every Monday at 7>Rn
P. Hockaday, bnsiness agent;
0.—Meoting nlghU, first Tuesday and 3rd
'Iday of eaeh month at headquarters, 818
►rdove Street Weat.    President, D. Glllcs*
ne; Vice-president, John Johnson; secreUry*
reasnrer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
Street West.    Branch agent's address:
. .... Francis, 1424 Oovernment Stroet, Vic*
i.rla, B. 0.         ^_
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
P. Hall, Eighth and Klngsway, 1st and
Mondays at 19:15 a.m. and 7 p.in,   Pre*
laent,   F.   A.   Hoover,   2409   Clarko  Drive;
.cording secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
. Andrew; flnanclal secretary and busl*
agent, W, H. Oottrell,  168—17th Ave.
»■■*,-.   Offlce, corner Prior and Main Streets.
."hone, Fairmont 4504Y. '
America,   Local   No.   178—Meetings   held
' Monday in each month, 8 p.m.   Presl-
A.   R.   Oatenby;   vice-president,   Mrs.
K_m; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, P.
[ Box 508; financial secretary, P. MoNelah,
0. Box 503.  ;
viet Rnsftta—Vancouver branch meets first
id third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
irdova Btreet West.   For Information write
braneh seoretary, 8. T. A. fl. R„ 81 Cor*
—)tb Btreet West, Vancouver, B. 0.
■yPOGRAPHIOAL   UNION   NO.   226—Pre-
[ aldent,   Wm.   Skinner;   vice-president,   A.
fucker; seoreUrytreasnrer, R. H. Neelands,
J  0. Box 66.    Meets last Bunday of each
■onth at 2 p.m. [ .
j 387—President, J. J. Begg; vice-president,
■, J. f-tf-wnrt; secre tary-treasurer, L. 0.
■Hhert, P. 0. Box 476, Nanalmo, B. 0.
1 UNION,  No.  418—President,   S. D.  Mac-
123 Hastings St. E.—Sey. 3262
830 GronvlUo Street—Sey. 866
1101 OranvUle St. — Sey. 6149
3260 Main Street Fair. 1683
Fresh Meat Department
Slater's Famed Pork Shoulder,
average weight 4 to 10 lbs.
Special at,
per lb	
Choice Pot Roasts, from, lb. 8c
Choice Oven Roasts, from, jler
lb  fOe
Choice Boiling Beef, from-lb. So
Choice   Bonelefm  Stew  Beef,   2
Ibe.  for - 2Bo
Choice Veal Cutlets,   _b...35c
Local Lamb Shoulder Chops,
per lb SOc
Choice Pork Steak, tb 20c
Choice Loin Pork Chops, per
B, nn. .to—rroniu-e-i-', «. -. ■«»-
a, secretary treasurer, .T. M. Campbell
Box 680.   Moets last Thursdsy of eaoh
hand your neighbor this copy of
Federatloniat,    and    then    call
around neat day fer a subscription.
Extra   Choice   Middle   Cuts   of
Pork, practically no bone, 2 to
8 lbs.    Special,
per lb	
Butter    Bntter    Butter
Choicest   Alberta   Creamery
Butter,  3   lbs.
Bacon Special
Slater's Famed Breakfast
Streaky Bacon, half" or whole
slab, weighing about 10 IbB.,
for the whole slab; regular 42c
per lb. Friday and
Saturday for...
No. 1 Alberta Creamery But-
;i3..:8: $1.45
Slater's Famous Qg.
Spuds, 100-Ib. Back....*-"''*
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, in cuts
of 2 lbs. and up, OQi^a
per tb   -6U2C
Slater's Famed Sugar-cured
Smoked Picnic Hams, 4 to 8
lb. Special,
per tb	
At Slater's Stores
HOR OVER a century and a quarter,
*■ members of the working olasa have
been fighting steadfastly to build up
organizations which would ln some
measure protect their economic interests, and prevent, as far as possible,
the iron heel of capitalist exploitation
from crushing them completely Into
the dust.
We flnd the flrst Labor organisations
springing up at the commencement of
that era of social development, when
power-driven maohlnery wae being Introduced, and capitalist produc. ion
was beginning to supersede handicraft
production. At that period, for the
flrst time In their history, the workers
were forced to congregate and work
together ln large numbers in factories.
The lives of theBe workers being
ground out with incessant toll, driven
by a rapacious and ruthless master
class, receiving an inadequate wage,
and having no other means of protecting themselves, they were forced by
the very logic of events to band themselves together in order to protect and
defend themselves against thetr avaricious masters.
Tor a number of years in Oreat
Britain, that country which cradled
trade unionism, these Labor organizations were prohibited by law, but for
certain reasons whloh it is not necessary to enter Into here, these laws (the
Combination Acts) were repealed, and
in 1826 trade unions became legal to
a certain extent.    ,
Machine Production
During the past 100 years, we see
Labor Unions of various shades and
forms springing up and developing in
every country, and at the same time
we flnd capitalism uprearing Its ugly
form, and Its wage labor and machine
production coming into vogue, until
today we flnd labor unions in existence ln almost every country lh the
world. The last one hundred years
marks a period of intense struggle on
the part of the working class to build
up effective barriers of resistance
against the social forces that were
crushing them into the ground. Learning by their mistakes, and profiting by
their experience the workers ln almost
every country have succeeded ln establishing permanent organizations, and
these unions have now become so
powerful that the master class recognize them as a force to be reckoned
These unions have become so great
a factor in the life of human society
that today they are accented aB a matter of course. In fact, broadly Bpeaking, it is becoming far more strange
to flnd a body of workers who were
organized. Labor unions are today so
commonplace that we take them as a
matter of course, many of our class
paying but little heed to them, and
not even noting their vital importance
to /the working class.
Loggers Have to Fight
For t&ht years 'V 'group of men
working In the lumber camps of British Columbia have been fighting and
struggling against all the forces of a
well-developed capitalist system, trying to build up a union to "advance
and maintain the social and economic
Interests" of the men who work in the
lumber industry, which is the basic
Industry of the Province, and employs
approximately 20,000 workers. At
flrst the efforts of those men were
fairly successful. The living and
working conditions In the lumber
camps was such that something had to
be done to improve them, and everyone knew that the master would
make no improvements until com
polled to. To most of these men, the
union which was formed, was something new, and the idea "caught on."
Labor was scarce, enthusiasm ran
high, and all conditions were favorable to build up a union. During the
next two years, great union activity
prevailed; strikes were the order of
the day whenever and wherever the
lumber barons refused to comply with
the demands of the union. The masters, finding that It was cheaper ln the
tong run to grant the union demands
than to flght strikes, great improvements took place in the camps. For
the flrst time in Canada, a logging
camp was made into a place that was
In some respects habitable. During
these two years, greater Improvement
took place in the lumber camps of
Canada than had taken place during
the fty years previous to the inception
of the union.
It was during the latter part of the
first year of the union that the lumber
kings, who were organized in the B.
C. Loggers' Association, decided that
something must be done to get rid of
this, to them, new pest, which was
raising the devil with their profits.
They decided to open an employment
offlce of their own, and put a hireling
of their own ln to operate it. Accordingly this was done. The Loggers'
Agency Ltd. was opened and Herbert
J, Hicks Installed as manager.
Tho lilac kl 1st
The lumber barons could not have
selected a botter man for their purpose. There never existed anything in
human form so lacking in manly principles as this human leech, who formerly had earned his living by selling
Jobs to hungry slaves at $1.50 or moro
each. In all respects this thing—It
cannot be called a man—futlled all
tho requirements of the association.
Immediately ho was Installed in offlce and his business of hiring wage
slaves for those hog pens, known as
logging camps- got ln working order,
he began to b_u.-l.lis_ all active union
men. Of tho 7000 odd men working
In the logging camps on the coast of
British Columbia, at least 75 per cent.
had to hire through his agency. Every
man who In nny wny took an active
part In union activity of any kind, was
a marked man, and wus Immediately
blacklisted. Men who had Just returned from FiUprope after fighting to
make "a land fit for heroes to live
In." were, if thoy actively participated
In tho union, treated the same as the
erstwhile "slacker" by this soeial fun
gus. To such an extent did this black
listing develop that the latent reports
to hnnd places the total number black
listed at 1700, or about 2& per cent, of
tho total numbor of men employed
Such Ih human advancement In c
hundred years.
Of course the Inevitable happened,
With all the active union members
weeded out or subdued, with the ex
ceptlon   of   those   grimly   deterlmned
f fighters who refused to be chased out
of the country and sent tramping ln
search of a master, the organization
was drained of Its life blood.
Simultaneous with the blacklist,
there waa Inaugurated a campaign of
villification against the union and all
those actively connected with it. Stool
pigeons were employed ln the camps to
spy upon union men, and all the
agents provocateur, all of that rotting
offal from the dregs of the working
class who could be secured, was put
to work to lie, vlllify, spy, and spread
distrust and dissension within the
Reproduced below can be seen a fac
simile of an employers' report form,
which when made out, ls supposed to
be sent to the employment department aa soon aB an employee leaves
camp. Thia form was seoured in the
office of a toggong camp on the coaat
of British Columbia. The form itself
requires no comment. Like Llmbur-
ger cheese, it can speak for Itself. Its
purpoae is obvious on the face of tt
Every'detail that could possibly be required regarding a wage slave, Ib carefully asked for, and that Information
ts aa carefully supplied.
In outward appearances, It looks like
the democratic efforts of a benevolent
American bourgeoia trying to make lt
optional whether his slaves join a
union or not: At least that is what
It reads like In the capitalist preaa;
but in substance, it Is the Iron heel of
capitalism, trying to prevent the working class from organizing, and to
smash up the existing organizations
of labor. Its democratic veneer la the
slime that atl honeat to Qod American Presbyterian bourgeois use to
cover up their foul purpose. Of course
democracy Is traditionally American.
Their alleged ancestors, the Pilgrim
Fathers, came to that country, it ls
stated, ln order to have freedom of
religion, so that they could worship In,
their own way; but this.did not prevent their ruling class at that time
from burning witches and committing
other depredations of a like nature
against thoae whom they did not agree
with. At that timo, freedom of worship meant freedom to compel all
those they came ln contact with to
worship ln their way, and the democratic "American plan" in Industry today means freedom for the ruling
class to smash the organizations of
Union Busting
In Canada It ts much the same.
Union "busting" whenever and wherever possible.    Recently a Canadian
Judge decided that ln Canada a trade
has left tlie Company's stroke for the following reason:
Ut Is important that reuon. be tully riven)
D     (2) Laid off  Q    (3) Di-charged   D
'     SPCEO                               CONDUCT
O     (9) Rapid     0   (14) Reliable      □
D   (10) Medium D   (15) Unreliable    D
D   (II) Slow      0  (16) Agitator      □
(4) Good
(6) Poor
(7) Ye,
(8) No
TEN. CMTt                  WOULD VOU __.EH.LOV
D   (12) Ye.      D  (17) Ye.          D
D  (13) No      D  (18) No           a
Thtt. 192—
ed- - ,—
Note.—Thii fenii must be made out and lent to time department
when an employee it kid off, discharged or quits.   Any other infot-
mation may be written on reverse side.
This is what the men working In
the logging camps ln the coast of
British Columbia are up, against. This
Ib what they must smash or be crushed and degraded until their spirit
ainks to that point where there is no
kick left in them. Ninety years ago,
the employers of labor in Great Britain were using the "document." Thla
was a pledge which all employees
were obliged to sign swearing that
they would not Join a union. The
"document" was finally smashed, although many valiant fighters went
down in their struggle against lt. But
even the "document," bad enough although It was, was not half so pern!
cious as this noxious system of black
listing, which obtains today on the
Pacific coast. This is what in tho
20th century, with all Its great development, with Its tremendous Improvement in the methods of production,
with its supposed great improvements
in the lot of the working class, with
its alleged democratic laws before
which master and wage worker are
supposed to stand on equal footing
(although we find that the one can
organize, but not tho other), and with
its decadent and bankrupt capitalism,
after e, century and a quarter of trade
union effort, during which time soldiers of labor have been hanged, banished, lynched, deported, imprisoned,
tortured ln tho hell holes of capitalism, and suffered every other manner
of degradation conceivable to the human mind. Yes, after alt that and
more than has ever been told, this is
the situation we flnd .existing—the
smashing of which Is the task we flnd
confronting the men who work and
keep in operation the wheels of Indus*
in that Et Dorado, that "Last
Great West," where fortunes hang
from trees; that "worklngmen's paradise"—Western Canada; while a moribund and mentally dormant government evidently acqulsces in the whole
business, because the matter has been
brought to their attontlon, but being
the representatives of the B. C. Loggers' Association, and others of their
Uk, they naturally take no notice.
Shall It Continue?
Shall It continue? That is the question which confronts all members of
the working class in this country.   It
for the dormant slaveB of capitalism, who are at prosent wallowing tn
their misery, asleep and indifferent to
their own needs, to make answer. A
handful of men are fighting, struggling against terrible odds to smash
this institution alongside of whfch the
helt of our Christian frlendK pales
Into insignificance. They are fighting
for tho destruction of this modern
beast of the Apocalypse, and for the
dethronement of this animated mountain of fatty tisHiie who reigns supreme as the uncrowned king of the
northwest. Never did Norman baron
sltltng In judgment on his feudal
Saxon serfs, nor absolute monarch of
tho Middle Ages, possess1 greater power of life and death over his subjects
than does this modern Czar of labor
possess ln the twentieth century.
Am-fts All Workers
To some this may seem like a question only affecting the men who work
In the camps on the coast of British
Columbia, but lot not tho workers In
other places, ond In othor Industries
delude themselves. This Is but pnrt
and parcel of tho operations of a sociul octopus that is strangling and
crushing to death the entire American Labor movement. This Is simply
our part of the operations of that octopus, and not by our unaided efforts
can it bo exterminated, but only
through the help of all those wbo
come within the scope of Its rnmlflca-
tlonH, This is but part of the general
"smash tho union" policy now In
common vogue, both ln Cnnada and
the United States', In name places it
takes one form In another place another form. But although Us form
may change, the substance always remains the same,
Tho Iron  Hi-el
Naturally, (ts might be oxpected In
a democratic country, In tbe United
Rtntoa, It takes tho "democratic'* form
of the "Ameriean plan." or open shop,
union was an Illegal organisation, operating ln restraint of trade, and that
Its funds had no legal protection. A
similar state of affairs existed in Britain from 1867 to 1871, at which time
British Labor, after a great effort, succeeded in getting legal protection for
their funds. It may be noted in passing that In 1867, when a certain British Judge decided againat a local union
of the Boilermakers, and gave out a
decision almost the same aa that recently handed down by a Canadian
Judge, when he decided against the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers,
a drive was, being made by the employers of Britain against, the then*-
growing powerful trade unions of that
country, and everything was being
done to smash the unions. There ls
in some respects a peculiar analogy
between what was taking place In Bri
tain at that Ume and what Is taking
place today ln Canada.
The  Loggers  Must  Figlit
As stated previously ,this blacklist,
which is boing fought by the loggers
on the coast of British Columbia, Is
part and parcel of this general plan
of American capital to smash organized labor, so that profits may flow in
still greater volume Into their coffers.
This is a social problem affecting all
who toil on this continent, and only
can be solved by tho united offorts of
all toilers. Everyone can help in their
own little sphere, If only they want to
try. Although It Is the business of
all workors that does not mean that it
should bo treated lightly as if It were
no one's business. Everyone must
help, lf organized labor ts going to
Will these few fighters In the camps
of British Columbia succeed ln hewing to pieces the particular tentacle
that Is strangling them? That ls the
paramount question confronting these
men, as can be mutely attested to by
the employer's roport form reproduced. It is a question which can only be
answered by the help these men re
ceive from their fellow workers. They
will continue to battle on as long as
lt ls possible for them to flght, because real fighters are never quitters;
but whether or not success finally
crowns their efforts, they will at least
have succeeded In putting up a strug
gle as brilliant as any recorded in the
annals of the working class on this
continent. For them to succeed, not
only must all those who work In the
camps get organized and help, but the
entire Labor movement, at least Qf
this Province, must be prepared to
lend the strength of Its organized
might. Wo shall battle onward,
cause tho blacklist must be smashed,
and the great uncrowned king of the
Northwest must' bo dethroned. Let
all workers get busy and flght to prevent the organizations of Labor, thc
bulwarks of the proletariat, from be
Ing smashed by the moHt avaricious
and ruthless master class that ever
cursed and polluated the earth with
their unlovely presence.
In the world's broad field of battle.
In tho bivouac of life,
Be not dumb nnd driven cattle,
Be a hero In the strife."
Albany, N. Y.—Police and sheriffs
In the state of New York hereafter
will have to drop their practice of entering homes and other private property without warrants If a bill just
passed by the legislature and signed
by Gov. Smith Is enforced.. The bill
prohibits search and seizure without
a warrant, and the attorney general's
oftlco has Issued a warning to peace
otllren agninst violating It.
London — Voluntary 'prohibition
among three-fourths of Ihe 144 Labor
members In the House of Commons
may cause an increase In the cost of
living for all members of parliament.
The house restaurant Is losing money,
because fewer drinks are sold and the
kitchen committee, according to Alfred Halter, M. P., "Is still compelled
to consider whether In consequence of
the decreased sale of alcoholic drinks
It will not bo forced lo raise the prices
of foodstuffs."
What   about   your   neighbor's  sub-
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.G. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and dose selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c eaoh
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Upstairs at 853 GRANVILLE STEEET
Fresh Cut Flowi-rs, Fnneml Dvxlgns. Wedding Bouqnete, Pot Planta,
Ornamental and Bbade Treea, Seeds, Bulbs, florins' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street Bast        2—STORES—2        SSS Oranvllle Stnet
Sey. »B_-07» "SAT IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. tMS-lMI
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, ynu agree
that it has bcen worth it.
Insist Upon
Two Popular
Lines of Blue
Suits for Spring
Irish Serge
This line of smart models for young men is of exceptional quality at so low a price, A high grade
imported Irish Blue Serge in the proper weight,
very well tailored throughout in several styles and
all sizes. Guaranteed fast color and Ann j*(\
priced specially at only. f&btuU
English Blue Serge
Here's another remarkable value in super-grade
hard finish Olay Worsted, of absolutely guaranteed
fast color blue Serge. All styles and all sizes from
34 to 44, The greatest Blue Serge (£Q'7 Cf\
Suit offer of the year at *p__ I .OU
45-49 Hastings St., East
Courses of Instruction  for
Delegates to Workers'
[By Louis P. Lochnor]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Stuttgart, Qermany — The largest
and most progressive union ln tho
General Federation of Trade Unions
of Germany—the Metal Workers, with
a membership of 1,622,000, more than
one-fifth of tbe entire federation—ls
building a new system of workers' education.
Courses of Instruction for works
council delegates have been established in each of the union's 17 districts
since the fall of 1821. Additional
courses are given for young workers.
There is to be special courses for the
200,000 women ln the union.
Membership is limited to those actually at work in their trades, who at
the same time are doing work for the
union, such as serving as union officers or as acting on works councils
(Betrlebsraete). Each courses lasts
from two and one-half to three weeks,
and is conducted ln some small, quiet
place within the district, so that there
is nothing to distract those assigned to
the course, who live in this spot while
under instruction.
The Metal Workers Union pays 80-
80 iper cent, of the wages lost by the
pupil, freeing him from economic worries, that he may give his undivided
attention tb study. The union sets
aside a fixed sum for each pupil for
travelling expenses and lodging.
This method of taking the worker
out of his usual surroundings while
the teaching course Is in progress, Is
regarded by the union officials as preferable to night courses in the worker's home town. Stitt though the
course is—usually six to seven hours a
day including Sundays—it is nevertheless in the nature of a recreation.
The curriculum Includes the following:
1. Economic history, nature and
development of capitalism and Socialism, concentration of capitalism, current politico-economic questions.
2. Organization of private industry,
factory managament.
8. Commercial and labor law, sociology, trade hygiene.
4. History and problems of the
trade union movement.
Issued by the
Htrtnria printing m\h ftohtfafftng (En.
All Abont Victoria, by Alfred Emberson.   Paper covers, 26c; cloth, 35c
Poems and Lyrics, by Mrs. Jane E, French,   Paper covers $1.00
Songs Unhidden, by the Prospector.    In paper covers, |1.50; velvet
sheep $U.OO
"The Prospector's" volume of lyrics seems to me to tnke Its place among
the books to be reckoned with, by any person who realizes what is going on in the
Canadian literary world. To aay that he Is an excellent story-teller Is higher praise
tban it would havu t.cen before the war, when literature was suffiring from tho
effeets of an epoch of self* cnn tempt, and Stevenson and Wells had persuaded us
that • strange sotting and distant epochs were essenttnl to a readable story or to a
convincing lyric.
The Home Doctor Book—A functional review of the human body, ita
care and treatment of disease. By E. L. Hodges. A treatise on
the Uglier massage; 405 pages, with Illustrations, bound In full
cloth covers,   Price $5.00
Industrial Peace Found Practical—>A presentation by the Society of
Friends.   Price    ....10c
Aunt Emmy Want!, to Know—Who is n Bolshevist and why 5c
Peace and What Then?*—By the CounteBs of Warwick 10c
Inter-Allied Labor Wnr Alms—Full text of memoranda adopted by
tho Allied Labor and Socialist Conference ln Loudon, February
14th, lftlfi 10c
"Why the British Labor Party I*eft Gnulfelim"— (Labor stands out of
the Capitalist Coalition and for a Workers' International) 15c
Labor nnd the New Socinl Order—A report on reconstruction hy the
hii b-committee of the British Labor Party ..15c
"The Only Way"—A poem of poace.  By W. BJ. Peirce 10c
Communism and Capitalism, by N. Bucharln (Moscow). A review ot
capitalism and tho causes uf its collapse, togethor with a draft
programme of tlie Communist International. In view of the present Industrial condition tills pamphlet Is of absorbing Intorest.
Price   16o
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management]
..April  U, Ifl:
Who Can Solve This?
Editor 6. C. Federatlonist—Sir:
Can you in your next issue tell your
readers what in Hell the half-column
over Harrington's signature, in last
week's Federatlonist, Is about?
[Ed. Note—Life Jf too short to solve
the insolvable, and we are prepared
to wait and let Russia show that her
revolution was not a farce.]
Real Objective
of Government's
(Continued from page l)
following paragraph, not In our words,
but In the words of a member of the
ruling class, or at least a spokesman
for it, reveals the real intent of the
immigration policy of the government
of this country, and also that of the
Provincial governments of each west
ern province. Here Is what this upholder of the present system has to
Organized Labor, whicli after nil
represents but a very small proportion of our population, not only refuses to meet the situation, but
fights by every underhand method
possiblo to perpetuate Uie disparity
by harmful legislation, such us the
prohibition of Immigration nnd by
measures designed to prevent others
from engaging In their pursuits in
order that a scarcity may bo created
in the crafts and abnormal wages
prevail. Tlieir successful objection
to the establishment of trade schools
thc frowning' upon apprentices and
tlie absurd regulations governing
admission to membership in some
of tlie mule unions, has ul rendy
caused sc-urcity in many instances;
today ln the city of Chicago there ls
n dearth of plasterers, consequently
many are working Saturday afternoons and Sundays nt double time
of $2.50 iier hour, $20 per eight-
hour day, and taking their ordinary
Sunday rest on Tuesdays at 910 per
A Glorious Picture
The glorious picture painted by a
representative of the ruling class as
to the conditions under which the farmers live, Bhould bc at least instructive to the agrarians of this country,
but the members of organized labor
will fail to see wherein they have been
receiving exorbitant wages; in fact,
they have not In mnny Instances, received any wages at all, as they have
heen unable to connect with a Job for
months in mnny cases, and wages have
been reduced in accord with the number of slaves seeking that over elusive
But If the real intent Is not conveyed to the workers as to the real move
behind the Immigration plans uf the
present administration at Ottawa, by
the words of the employers representatives who daily spread ruling class
propaganda in the press, there cnn be
no doubt us to the Intentions when
the ideas of the president of the Manitoba Employers Association are read,
nnd that is to break the La-bor unions
by a large surplus of workers, and to
reduce the standard of living for those
Industrial slaves who are at present
in the country. The moral should be
Organize both industrially and politically, industrially first, so that the Industrial organizations muy be the basis
of the political movement of the working class, to the end that tho present
system may be wiped out of existence.
But organizntion was never needed in
this country ns it is at the present
time, to olTset the machinations of the
Re Control of Hastings Park
Editor B, -C. Federationist—Sir: At
a meeting of the District Five Ratepayers Association, the above subject
was fully discussed, and lt was unanimously deolded that, In the best Interests of the locality, and the city ln
general, the control of the park be
vested ln the Board of Park Commissioners.
It was pointed out, the playgrounds
for children were entirely inadequate,
and situated in a very undesirable
location, and consisted of only one
swing and one giant stride (both
Regarding fields for amateur games,
athletics, etc., it was found the Oval
was not in condition for ball gaines of
any description; the park lacked any
other grounds for same. We feel that
Hastings Park should be used the
same as any other park in the city.
Realizing the scarcity of ball grounds
in the city, it seems unreasonable to
allow this flne park to remain idle 11
months in the year. In respect to
band concerts, etc., the present lessees
have refused to provide any entertainments along these lines.
The general condition of the
grounds are not all that could be desired. Certain old sheds, etc, give to
the park a very unsightly and untidy
Respecting "Tho Exhibition," the
same method could bo employed here
as pertains in Toronto (where the exhibition Is three times as large),
wherby the Park Board rent the
grounds to the association for the annual stock show, etc.
Finally, we are certain that the
Park Board, being equipped with the
necessary machinery and experience,
are the logical people to control all
city parks;
We feel In every respect the transfer would be in the best Interest of the
public.   Yours truly,
Patronize Federationist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Factory Workers
Support Red Army
(Continued from Page 1)
economic front. A wind orchestra of
25 pieces focussed the enthusiasm, the
"International" never sounded better.
Salute Lenln
The speeches are followed by applause and resolutions. Resolution 1
protests against the French action In
the Ruhr, and the violent and predatory activities of western capitalism.
Resolution 2 salutes comrades Lenin
and Trotsky. Resolution 3 makes a
present of 250 yards of cloth to the
50 Red soldiers supported and fathered by this factory.
Then the culture front breaks
through with a dashing skirmish ln
the form of a long and almost breathless programme of artistic stunts. Remarkable things that might be unspeakable, potty and melodramatic
performed by Anglo-Saxons, but by
Russians, well—those who have seen
the Russians act know the Bea of difference. The same range and flexibility of voice, the subtle variations of
mood, the skllfulness of gesture, the
unusual artistry of the Moscow Art
Players—all this Is here in the early
but promising stages of' development.
It Is In the tableaux and dcclamatsta,
in the dialogues and dances. An old
Ukrainian challenge dance done by
girls of 14, an exquisite ballet a la
Bolshoi Teatre, a comic puppet dance
reminiscent and evoking the same
mirth as the Chauve Souris, children's
polkas, recitations, violin solos by engravers and folding machine operators.
'Tes, 90 per cent, of the performers
tonight1 were pure (proletarians (chles-
stir rabotcheye)," says Comrade Grie-
ba of the committee. "See what they
can do with a month's practice." And
one marvels at what they have been
able to do in the social-children's art
and music schools, organized by the
factory for the young workers nnd for
the children of the workers.
The workers of Russia are determined to have' their own art from
the ranks of tho workers, and now
that the prices at the Big Theatre are
prohibitive to all except Nepmen and
foreigners, the workers nre thrown
very directly upon their own resources. They want to develop their' own
culture, and be dependent upon the
old oi lhe new bourgeoisie for nothing.
They organized a new sort of army
out of the ranks of the workers.. They
are now busy developing out of the
same material some rare and beautiful forms of art.
Push The Federatlonist along and
help gel new subscribers.
Sunday Open Forum
On Sunday afternoon thc usual
open forum meeting will be held in
|the Workers' Party hall, 303 Pender
Street West. Thc spenker will bo
Miss M. h. Bollirt. and fhe subject
will be "Ideals in Education for the
Womon of Tomorrow," a subject In
which all women should be Interested.
Unloni) Participating:   OUar Makars,  Hotel and Bastuiraat Employees  and
Allied Tradei.
FRIDAY, APRIL 20th, 1923
Whiat Drive B:lfi p.m. Dancing 9 p.m. to 12 p.m.
Six Valuable Whiat PrUoa, Buffet Lunch, 15c. Five-piece OrcMtra
GENTS, 50 Cents LADIES, 2(i CentB
Russia Sells Grain to Buy
Machinery to Speed
Up Production
Philadelphia—Russia Is exporting
grain in order to combat the famine
mere effectively, explains Wllbus K.
Thomas, executive secretary, Ameoi-
can Fslends Service Committee, which
conducts the Quaker relief work in
Russia. Proceeds from sales of grain
abroad are used to buy locomotives
and agricultural machinery to hasten
the end of famine conditions at home,
Thomas says,
- "Famine conditions Btill prevail,"
Thomas declares. "People can be
Baved from starvation only by foreign
"Last year we were greatly handicapped because the Soviets did not
have enough locomotives to move our
food. This year they have purchased
several thousand locomotives in Sweden and are transporting the food as
rapidly as possible. Locomotives, as
well as some agricultural machinery,
horses, etc., are just as necessary to
combat famine as wheat. Grain is one
of the very few things the Russians
have to export; and we believe more
lives will be saved by buying a few
locomotives, etc., than by keeping the
"We know that in our area taxes
were rebated and the government
shipped in such things as seeds and
tools nnd transported our horses and
supplies free of charge.
"With from 70 to 90 per cent, of
their horses and cattle dead, thousands
of orphan children to care for, no extra clothing and only their bare hands
to work with, the 20,000,000 peasants
in the Volga region will call for our
sympathy and interest for many years
to come."
Unskilled Workers Take
Steps to Organize
(Continued from page 1)
stated that the initiation fee had been
reduced to aid tho men who are not
In the organization at present, to secure membership, and to help build
up the building trades movement.
Alderman Pettlplece was the next
speaker, and in opening, he stated
that if the workers watch the organizing efforts of the employers, then it
would not be necessary to tell them
what to do.
Time for Reflection
Referring to the past, he stated that
It was now time for reflection as to
what should be done to Becure better
conditions, but that the industrial
movement should be backed up by
political action. In support of his argument, the speaker pointed to the
plight of Bonar Law, and the position
that Labor had placed him in by political activity. The only thing wrong
with this country, the speaker stated,
was that the workers don't own It.
They do all the work, and then go
hungry looking for a job.
What industry could run without
your labor-power, the audience was
then asked? And if it is so that nothing can be done without you, ls It
right that the workers ahould determine that the members of the working class should determine the conditions under tvhich they work? This
can, however, only be done by organization, and he urged his hearers to
start all over again and organize.
George H. Hardy was the next
speaker, and he outlined the work of
the Building Trades committee, and
the steps which had been taken to
bring about the meeting, and the necessity of the workers in the Building
Trndes getting to the unions of their
craft, so that they could secure a reasonable means of subsistence.
Wages Raised hi States
Referring to tho men who had left
town for the United States, he pointed
out that in Washington, all the towns
ln that State, the wages of the carpenters were |8 per dny, while In Vancouver they were only $6.50, and that
in order to better the conditions in*
the building trudes in Vancouver, six
organizations had reduced their initiation fees.
A. S. Wells showed how the divisions nnd dual unions were detrimental to the workers, and aided the employers. He urged greater unity between the building trades, but stated
that in his opinion, the flrst step before amalgamation of any trades in fl
given industry could bo secured, wns
for thc local unions to build up their
membership, and further the cause of
industrial unionism. He concluded by
Btatfng that If the workers could not
gain control of their own organizations, there was little hope of them
ever capturing the power to operate
society In the interests of the working class.
A general discussion followed nfter
the last speaker concluded his remarks, and a number of applications
for,a Federal Labor Union were tak
en. Several workers spoke on the
needs for better organization, and the
termination of all agreements with
the employers In the building trades
at the one time was urged as a means
of solidarity, and building up thc
building trades unions.
A meeting of those who had made
application for a Federal Labor Union
was held after the building trades
moeting had adjourned, and it was decided to call anothor meeting for Sat'
urday, tho 14th, at 2 p.m., and all
mombers of organized labor aro requested to urge any laborer whom
they know, to attend this meeting
which will be held In Room 5—31P
Pender Street West.
Trades Council Opposes Letting of Contract to
Gault Bros.
The executive of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council has sent a
letter to the School Board, protesting,
against that body letting a contract for
uniforms for the cadets to a nonunion Arm.
At tho last meeting of the School
Board, it was decided to recommend
that the contract for these uniforms
be let to the firm of Gault Bros., which
does not employ union labor. The
matter was laid over until the next
meeting of the School Board, and the
oxecutive of the council, recognizing
that the contract might possibly be
let before the council meets on Tuesday, decided to take action.
Tho executive is under the Impression that this firm employs orientals
along with white girls, and does not
pay the union rate of wages, and cannot supply the label, nnd following up
the policy of tho council in boosting
union concerns, has tnken this step.
Berlin—Indian revolutionists living
In exile In Germnny, have stnrted n
four-page newspaper, Indian Independence, which appears monthly nnd
which carrion as Its motto "Our
Aims: To attain complete nnd nbso-
luto independence of India by all possible moanB and lo establish the Federated Republic Democratic Republic
In which sovereignty must rest wilh
tht? people." When copies of the Bheet
reached India, they wore seized by
thc government.
5TOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Building Permits
April 3—804—llth Ave. East, I.
W. Clarke, dwelling, 12500; 2610 Oxford Street, J. B. Smith, dwelling
.3000; 20—13th Ave. East, W. W.
Johnson,  dwelling;,  $2700.
April 4—1860—1st Avo. East, R. W.
Pilmnier, dwelling, J2760; 278—llth
Ave. East, Mrs. _. Carter, repairs,
J2600; 2765—8th Ave. West, Dargavel
& Kllgour, dwelling, J3000; 1675 Salisbury Drive, H. Burnham, dwelling,
J5500; 1694—14th Ave. East, J. Aconlt
dwelling, $2500; 1818 Charles Street,
L. S. Powell, dwelling, $2200.
April 6—3342—8th Ave. West, K.
Creelman, dwelling, $2500; 1911
Creelman Street, Mrs. Hudson, dwelling, $3000; 2742 Oxford Street, C.
Ferris, dwelling. 2600.
April 9—3180 Manitoba Street, L.
Yellowlecs, dwelling, $3500; 2472 Balsam Street, W. W. Thompson, dwelling, $2000; 2462 Balsam Street, W.
W. Thompson, dwelling. $2000; 2492
Balsam Streot, W. W. Thompson,
dwelling, $2000.
Oor. Homer and Hastings
Patronize Federatloniat advertiser!
DICKETS, Infantile Paralysis, Weak,
Byes,  Clubb-fect,   are  enred  by
Osteopathy, Spinal Adjustments, Diet,
Hydro-Therapy, Massage,  which  are
Sanipraetic methods.
Dr. W. Lee Holder
Seymonr 8533
Pender West and Oranvllle Streets
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Whist Drive*
and Dance
Tuesday, April 17th
WHIST 8:15 p.m.
DANCING 9 p.m.
Tickets 35 Cents
Everybody Welcome   Come Early.


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