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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 13, 1919

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..EVENTH YEAR.   No. 24
( .5-^^") $1-50 PER YEAff
f. C. Loggers Union Has
Opponents All Tangled Up
bikers in All Camps Standing Firm—Tierney Company Offers Red Herring to Returned Soldiers—
To Vote on General Strike—Membership Now
7,000—Six Days Convention in July
There Is not one of the 7,000 memethe contract to some ex-service of-
Ji*a of the B. C. L. U. who Ib not
jib the workers of Winnipeg to.
. limit lu their flght agalnat the
jolshevlsm" of the employing and
bncial interests of the country at
lose dictates their puppets, the
■rubers of the government. Issue
prs-lncouncll, munition con-
and staff colonels during
he of military warfare, and grave
trnlngs, dismissals from service
Id specially prepared legislative
lactments during periods of In*
Irval Industrial disputes."
lowing to the condltlona of em-
Toyment peculiar to the logging
Id construction industry, the mem-
Irshlp Is placed in a position
liich does not permit recording,
Id if necessary, acting in accord
lth the wishes of the member-
lip with the same facility as can
members of other Unions.
|attered in hundreds of camps of
men to a hundred or more,
liny of tbem situated many miles
lim post office or telegraph, with
|iy occasional boat or rail service
Infrequent intervals, it is an
Iter Impossibility to take even a
Irtlal vote ot any magnitude un-
Ir the minimum of a month. This
1 evidenced by the fact that balls on the O. B. U. sent out at tlie
|d of April are still coming to
nd, 6 and 7 weeks later, and
lion to such a condition Is added
Ijomp'.ete tie-up of all water trans*
Irtatlon which Immediately affects
■full 50 per cent, of the member-
lip the position becomes one
liich were it not for the absolute
(possibility of moving one way
J the other, would have the famed
liinese Puzzle pr Gordian Knot
Sinned a mile. Possibly Alexander
le Great were he here would say,
lo Hell with the constitution" and
lth a wave of some magic wand
lovlde immediate means ot com*
lunicatlon and transportation, but
Irtunately for the labor movement
|lexander and Gompers are things
the past and "he who must, be
fieyed" la the man on the job, who,
the final analysis, Is the organ!-
Controlling The Job
I One outstanding feature In the
Ylnnlpeg situation calls for comas it substantiates the argu-
nents which have always been advanced by opponents, of the exist*
; Industrial systems which is that
i control of the Job gives con*
Itrol of the life ot the worker.  The
■direct threat the government or
[Uie boss could use was "If you do
loot return you will lose your job."
■The striker on the other hand de*
Inlands    "re-establlshment."      The
dispute centres around the
(question how long shall the control
human being's life be in the
ands   of   another   human being
hrough the medlumshlp of control
! the means whereby the worker
lirocures the necessaries of life?
Company Haa Red Herring
I'is a highly colored and flavored
|red herring" which Is being drag-
across the trail at Princeton.
l new contracting firm Is statod to
lave taken a contract from W. P.
Tierney and Co. for a portion of the
lonstructlon   work on the   Copper
fountain Railway near Princeton
1 this Arm is said to be anvlous
li employ none but returned men
lho ara invited to enter into a so-
plled co-operative scheme Whereby
who remain on the work till
npletton will ahare In a percen
ge of the profits.   Now If thla
lore a genuine scheme why was It
pt   offered before   the men who
previously engaged   on the
Jork struck for better conditions?
[hy wae It not offered to thero?
Tierc are plenty of ex-service men
taongst them.   Why profess to let
upport Organized Labor
| in Struggle for Collective Bargaining
That tbe veterans in tho city, as
Jill as tho returned men in Winni-
I? are in Bympathy with the stand
lion by organised lnbor, was dem-
Istrated this week, the strike com*
|tt*Bc receiving the following let*
from the Campaigners of tbo
[eat War, this organisation having
a thousand   members  in   the
le Socretary, Strike Committee,
Laber Temple, City.
|At a meeting of the executive
nmitteo of tbe Campaigners of the
eat War held in (heir rooms, 601
lanvillo Street, on Sunday, the 8th
lit., tho following resolution was
d unanimously:
'That wc heartily endorse the
J_nd takon by organizod labor in
lis city in giving their fnil sup*
Irt to our comrades in Winnipeg
I to aro striking for tbe right to
Ignntzc and for tbe principle of
lllcctivo bargaining as defined by
le workers of all countries and os
libodicd In the peaco treaty."
■ The Becrotary wan instructed to
Irward copies of this resolution to
J.o press, thc striko commltte.) at
l.c Labor Templo and to tho prom-
lr of Canada.
f Signed on bohalf of tho executive.
' B. H. YOUNG, Secretory.
- Steam and Operating Engineers
J In viow of tho fact that it will
fo nccossary to provide a strike fund
■or members of abovo union wno
lira now on striko, It was doomed ad*
Ilsablo to assess all members who
Ire now working $2.00 each.
' This amount should be forwarded
mmedietcly to W.  A.  Alexander,
don't youDWE
Strike  Situation   to  Be
Dealt With Under Auspices of F. L. P.
A, 6. Well* will apeak under the
auspices of the Federated Labor
Party at the Columbia Theatre on
Bunday evening, June 10. Doors
will open at 7 p.m. Music will commence at 7.30 and tho chairman will
introduce tho spenker at 8 p.m. The
speaker will have for his subject,
"Why This StrikeV and it is to
be hoped that those who aro op.
posed to the atrike will attend the
meeting and got first-hand information regarding it, or tako thc platform and state their reasons for opposing it. Tho platform will be
thrown open for both questions and
Boilermakers and
Local No. 1
Room 401
Labor Temple
7 p.m.
J. C. Wood, Pres.
H. J. Pritchard, Sec.
11 in 111 ii. i hii 1111111 in
fleers? DoeB Mr. Tierney forget
that he stated In the office ot the
B. C. L. U. that returned men were
no good except for timekeeping or
similar jobs? Yes, there are witnesses to this atatement. If a cooperative scheme, who fixed the
length ot work day at a minimum
of 9 hours, who decided that tbo
Dominion fair wage ofllcer r" '~
fix the rate per hour. Certalniprtv Library
the men who are to coop .....
Who shall decide whether the
workers shall remain until the Job
Is completed? Himself or the boss?
Why try and fdol the men by saying the board would be at cost with
ten per cent, profit to be returned
to the employees ln the shape of
recreation. Who Bald canteen?
Ask an ex-service man what he
thinks of canteen funds returned
to the men? The fact is the Tierney Construction Co. and the Kettle Valley Railway Co. and the C. P.
R. have come up against the solidarity of labor and its determination
to have an eight hour day and a
minimum of fifty cents an hour, and
to get lt the whole of the construe-'
tion workers of B. C. will organize
for a general strike to have this
voto put in to operation at once.
The place to write the law governing the job is on the job, and the
man on the job is the one who must
do lt. And there isn't an ex-service
man that will not stand solid for a
maximum work day of 8 hours.
With a minimum wage of fifty
cents per hour.
Prince George Campa Out
All Prince Oeorge camps are out
for an 8 hours day. Prince Rupert
ts also in the fight. The men on
strike at the Empire Camp 9 and
19, (Genoa Bay Co.), Cowichan
I ake are standing by the strike and
have put in their own commissariat.
Comox Logging Co. Camps, 1, 2, 3
at Courtenay are atlll on the unfair list, unless* a settlement Is
made In the very near future th.**
organization will take effective
steps to close the camps completely
except for the few unprincipled
scabs who are always to be found
willing to play the bosses game.
last Sunday's meeting ordered
15,000 pamphlets bearing upon the
O. B. U. to be printed and circulated.
Also pledged full support to the
strikers in Prince George District.
Preparing For Convention
CampB in which there are fifty
union members with paid-up cardB
should select a delegate to attend a
delegates meeting to be held on
July 1, 2, 3. Camps with less than
SO union members to combine.
Transportation of such delegates to
be paid by the organisation. Dele
gates to come with instructions as
to proposed scalo of wages and
working conditions. Also a list of
members they represent. Any camp
can send a delegate at Its own ex*
pense. As many members as possible should be in town for the General Meetings on July 7, 8, 9. All
camp delegates credentials aro
dated to expire June 30th, but will
continue in force until new ones are
Issued. Camps must see that if one
delegate leaves another must be Immediately appointed in his place.
Winnipeg Standing Firm
For Collective Bargaining
Soldiers Are With Strikers—Special Police Armed With
All Kinds of Weapons Are Responsible For
Recent Disturbances
THE STRIKERS in Winnipeg are standing pat, wasflte word brought to the Federationist by a man
who has just returned from that point and who hai been in Winnipeg for a week.   The Great War
Veterans have ended the period of neutrality.  Some:two thousand members were present at a meeting of this association in Manitoba Hall, Tuesday, June 10* It was soon evident that the great majority ot
those present were strongly in favor of the strike and its objects and the chairman was over-ruled,   bome
eturned men who were working at Eaton's, and had only joined the association that afternoon, were re-
City Council Would Rather
Have Jitneys Than Phones
Tries to Place Blame on the Workera, as Usual-'
American Can Workers to Join the Strike-
Seaman from Makura Is Visitor at Meeting
and Addresses Trades Council
The   Jitney   question   and   tlietbing on the street railway men. Thia
action of tho city council in legaliz.
ing tho operation of the jitneys on
tho city streets was again before the
Trades and Labor Council last night.
Tho matter came up in tke report
of tho seeretary on tho strike situation. Ho Btated that the strike com*
mittee had informed tho city couneil that tho workers were of ihe
opinion that the jitneys bad been
legalized for the purpose of breaking
the street car men's strike, and that
tho council had beon informed that
failing action -on the part of the City
council to re-enact tno Jitney bylaw,
that tho telephone sorvice would bc
discontinued at 7 o'clock Friday
morning. At the conclusion of his
report he asked members of the
strike committee to attend a special
meeting of tho city council, which
was being held at 8.30 p.m. Later
in tho ovening the delegates who
had attended the city council meeting reported that the city council
had refused to take tho action suggested as to the-jitneys.
Telephones vs. Jitneys
In reporting on the city conncil
meeting, Del. McDonneil stated that
the Mayor hsd said that the striko
committeo was intending to perpetrate a crime on the community by
cutting off the phone service. Aid.
Woodside had said that it was not a
strike in Vancouver, but that it was
a world condition—today in Vuneouver, tomorrow in some other city.
Del. McDonneil also stated thut the
Mayor was not very pleased at iho
view taken by the strikers as to the
action of.the city council on the jitney question, and that thc bylaw
had been repealed only in the inter,
ests of the citizons. Del. Kavanagh pointed out that when the
jitneys wore put off the streets it
was not because tho people asked
for it to bo done, but for tho B. C.
Electric Railway Company, and he
also said that the Mayor had stated
to the delegation that had first Been
him, thnt tho B. C. Electric Railway
solicitor had drawn up the bylaw.
A delegato asked if tho jitneys
wero put off would tho strike committee guarantoo that tbe phonos
would not bo cut off later.  The see
the Mayor know, and ho wanted to
make it clear that it was not tho
strikers that were going to make tha
people suffer, but the.city council
in legalizing thc jitnoys. He urged
the strikers- tii fight clean, and ta
preserve order, at all costs, bo as not
to play tho game that the Mayor
and council wished them to do. Del.
Hill stated that tho whole scene ai
the City Council was liko a comie
opera and bad been staged for tho
benefit of the delegates.
Striken' Banks Incxeaalng
Reporting oa the strike situation,
Del. Kavanagh said that the strike
was gaining ia numbers, and that
many workers that had nevor been
organized were now getting into
line. Ho reported on the trouble
that had been experienced by soma
of the firms in the oity not doing
the right thing, but that they had
been mado to comply with union
conditions. He stated that gooda
had been tent to the Makura by men
without a permit, and the sailors
had sent a delegation to the strike '
committee, and on being informed
that no permits had been issued to
the men delivering the goods, they
not being union men, the . sailors
would not allow it to bo delivered.
Victoria Officers Apathetic
Del. Smith reported that he had
been to Victoria, nnd thnt he had
found the rank and file thore wanting to support the strikers in Winnipeg, but that the paid officers in
that city wero not only apathetic,
but indifferent, and wore attending
an aviation meeting on tho day he
was there instend of looking after
the interests of the men they represented.
V, R. Midgley reported thnt the
American Can workers were to go
on strike on Friday morning.
Campaigners Support Striken
A communication from the Campaigners of the Great War waa received, containing a resolution supporting the strikors in Winnipeg
and the objects of the workers in
the present struggle. Another communication was read from Winnipeg,
retary replied that no   onc   could which stated that the G.W.V.A. of
guarantoo anything as to   the   fu-n!111* ,\lr was behind the men, and
fused the privilege of the floor. An officer present said this treatment was an insult to those men. He was
asked to apologize, but refused and left the meeting. The following resolution was passed:
"would not release them, and only after the police had lodged
them in the cell* wan he able to get thom their liberty. This
will show the real reason i'or the demand for special polico,
and will also give some explanation for the trouble that has
since started in Winnipeg. A lot of irresponsible people
armed with the weapons as described by the eye-witness referred to can start a lot more trouble than an army of sane
people could stop, and should be a warning to the authorities
here, unless they are deliberately trying to start trouble here.
Running Trades Favor General Strike
The running trades in thc Middlo West have voted by 95 per
cent, in favor of a walkout in support of the Winnipeg workers, and il is expected that the result of the intervention of
the international will be thc disruption and severance of these
men from the parent body, and if the strike is not settled a
general walkout of the Big Six.
Committee of Thousand Starts Trouble
The Western Labor News states that thugs and gunmen
now rulo. Loaded hosepipes are in evidence everywhere,
blackjacks and guns arc as plentiful as blackberries in summertime, and when men were arrested for carrying firearms thc
Mayor has endeavored to have them released. In onc ease a
policeman was struck down by a thug in front of the City Hall.
In all eases the* men arrested are not of thc working class, or
belonging to organized labor.
While another, a man slaying at thc Royal Alexandra Hotel,
was being taken by two policemon to the police station on a
gunman charge, Mayor Gray rushed after them bareheaded,
like a maniac, through thc streeta, and overtook thc police
with tlieir prisoner at thc corner of Rupert Street and the lane
at the back of thc Stratheona Hotel.
"Release that man at onoc, and let hi in go!" yelled the
Mayor. "Release him!" This from thc chief magistrate, who
knows a man, once arrested, can be released only on order from
the police, station, and that a policeman would be guilty of a
criminal act if he released a prisoner at will on thc streets.
The crowd surged up to mob Mayor Gray, when a burly policeman in plain clothes rushed to his defence, and threw his
arms around him to keep him from the disgusted crowd.
"Take your hands off the Mayor of Winnipeg," yelled
Gray.   "Take your hands off."
The policemen marched ou and landed thc gunman in the
toils. But the Mayor, hatless and breathless, followed them
up. So powerful waB his appeal, that in a few minutes his gunman friend walked down the steps from thc police station a
free man.
His gun, and two cases of ammmunition, were retained, but
he was dismissed without nny charge being laid.
Will those tlmt hnvo   tuken   thc
stand that the strik,*.' was thc work
Besolution Instructing Executive to Support Strikers
'Whereas great changes have taken place in the strike situation in Winnipeg;
'And whereas thc time has come for the G.W.V.A. to dcr
clare its position as to which sxle is right in the present
"Therefore, bc it resolved that this mass meeting of the
G.W.V.A. go on record giving their entire support to the
present strikers, and that our executive board be instructed to
give all necessary assistance to the workers now on strike in
order to bring an early settlement."
Chairman Over-ruled
Vice-president J. O. Newton, who was in thc chair, expostulated that this resolution was out of order, as the policy of
the association was one of neutrality.
The meeting, however, over-ruled-his decision by more than
a two-thirds majority, and the resolution was sustained.
This story is somewhat contradictory to those that have appeared in the press as to the attitude of the Great War Veterans in Winnipeg, just as arc thc stories of tho rival veterans'
parades in that city. The truth as to the parades as told by
en eye-witness is as follows: "Thc citizens' committee in
their daily sheet announced that thc veterans would parade to
show that they were not in sympathy with the strikers. The
strike committee also organized a parade of the veterans, and
got iu a little ahead of thc citizens' committee parade. The
strikers' parade stretched for over s*x blocks, the full width
of Main Street, there being 30 to 40 men abreast. Thc citizens'
parade stretched three blocks, four deep. While it was the
original intention to discredit thc strikers, the citizens' parade
acted as a boomerang, and the next day the Mayor issued the
order banning all parades. It was very evident that the law
aud order crowd did not want the display of solidarity of Ihe
strikers to be repeated. In the citizens' parade were college
students and veterans of the officer class, and veterans that
came from the aristocratic section of thc city. In the strikers'
parade there were from six to seven thousand veterans."
Special Folioe Armed With Clubs
The special police in Winnipeg arc armed with all manner
of arms. Some of them go around swinging baseball bats loaded with lead, or with iron collars around the business end of
them. That law and order is not being enforced impartially
is evidenced by the fact that when the citizens' parade lined
up to hear the Mayor address the crowd, men were detected
with guns in their hip pockets. The police made six arrests.
The Mayor endeavored to secure their release, but thc police
Striken Can Help Here
Rapid progress is being mado in
signing up all the stray men not yet
in the Milk Drivers and Dairy Bin-
ployees tJnion. All members of organized labor now takiti(-._Jie vacu*
tion, should stop every milk driver
and ask for his union card or ro*
ceipt as O-Mng to the big incroase in
membership, H is impossiblo to supply all the new men with hooks, but
thor all have receipts. The union
has handed an agreement to the employers which it is hoped to have
'fettled up shortly.
To Automobile Ownen
Tho Central Striko Committee is
in great need of transportation rn-
cilities. Qtt, oil opd necessary repairs wlU be provided to any ear
Owner who will give the committee
tho use of his 'ear. rhone Seymonr 291. or coll at Boom 210
Laber Temple.
Enginoers Take Note
The following is a statoment mado
by a fourth-class engineer who was
sent out to a job by the Governmont Labor Burenu: "1 was sent
out to a job at thc Port Moody Oil
Refinery from the Oovernment Employment Office as a fourth-class engineer. Tho wages promised mo
were $2.50 per night for Ihrco nights
acting ns watchman, and *4 per
night for four nights per woek acting as engineer running an engine.
When 1 went out to tlio job thc
firm offered mo $60. per month, nnd
I wnr. to work 10 hours overy iHght,
which I refused to acoept, (Sign*
cd) A. K. Bresquar."
Pat Burns * Co. savs thnt if the
mutton on too Makura is nor. unloaded that tne citizens will not get
any moro- cheap mutton. This is
the lint intimation we havo had that
wa have been getting mutton ciieao. evor that **iuv menu—leagues have
of the agitators in Winnipeg, now
take that staniit Is it not evident
that the big interests uro behind the
trouble, which has no doubt been
started with the deliberate purpose
of crushing thc labor organizations!
Who has started tho trouble! Not
a single striker has been arrested
for [carrying firearms, and not ono
of them is doing so.
Vancouver Situation
That the workers realizo the importance of the present struggle is
shown by the response to Iho call
for the general strike. Forty-one
local organizations are on strike.
These includo all the larger and
basic trades, and many of those tbat
are not yet out are working becuusc
so ordered by the stnlto committee.I JjJJiJJ
No loeal troubles have developed.
Muuy meetings have been held by
' law and order—what-
sprung up, but there has to dato
been no violations of the luw, and
thc police court records show less
crimo than under normal circumstances. Strenuous efforts havo been
mado to unload tho R.M.B. Makura
of her cargo of mutton, but tha seamen took a hand, and mado it quite
clear that if there was any attempt
to unload thc ship, that they would
not take hor back to Australia.
On Wedneaday evening tho running trades met and discussed the
situation, and there is little doubt
that these men nro just as much in
fnvor of supporting the Winnipeg
men as arc .their follow members in
the Middlo West, nnd if some settlement is not nrrived at in the neit
duy or two there Is little doubt that
there will be a cessation of work by
tbe men engaged   in   tho   running
Don't forgot to register at thc
•curt house,
that tho employers were only prepared to recognize their own ent-
A. F. of h. Protest
A communication was recoived
from the A. F. of I., protesting
against tho support rendered by tbe
council to Local No. 1 ot the Machinists, whoso members wero suspended from Local 777 of tlio International.   It was moved that the
... . , , i A. F. of L. be informed  that the
seen tin, crisis coming and he was | u]lurtcr wouM b(1 nianei   „_   ™
ture, but ho pointed out that it was
always tho worker that wan responsible for causing tho suffering, but
that in this case if the city couneil
thought tho jitneys of more service
to the people, then that body had
the decision in their own hands, and
would decide as to which the people
.should liavo.
Jitneys Are Scabbing
Smith stated    that   ho
going to fight a clean flght, n thing
thut Mayor Uulc was mcapuble of.
He suid that if thore wns any suffering because of necessity for medical
service, thnt it would be the workers that would suffer, ns tbey did
aot have cars at their doors, but
this would be obvinted by the strikers placing a man at tho door of any
sick poison to seo that they did not
havo to wait for medical attention.
He said that thc jitnoys were scab-
i in
Sunday Afternoon Meeting: for Benefit of
Returned Men
The usual Bunday afternoon nieeting will be held by the ex-Soldiers
and Sailors' Labor Council in the
Nntional Theatre. Ex-Sergeant Kinney and Jack Harrington will be
tho spcukors for this meeting. Doors
will open nt 1! p.m. Comrade Bead,
an ox-servico man, will preside. All
ex-sorvice men are given au hearty
invitation to attend and hear of
the solution to their many troubles.
Thc burning question of the day
K'-ems to bc whether tho Winnipeg
street cars will run with strike-
breakers or not.
of workers will be
held in the Arena,
Saturday, June 14,
1919, at 2.30 p.m.
Ladies are especially invited. Speakers
from Veterans' Organizations have been
Strike Committee.
i.i 111.1111 *i.,«,", i >» t
quest. An amendment was made by
P. W. Welsh that tho matter be
tabled for a month. This waa
Press Statements Again Untrue
Del. Welsh statod that he wished
to deny the statements in the press
which stated that only three out of
iivo of the motal trade workers were
ou strike. He informed the council
that practically tbo ontire membership of the metal trades were out.
0. B. O. Conference Beport
Del. Midgloy reported on hiB attendance at thc O. B. U. conference
in Calgary. Ho gave the reports of
thc executive committee and thc financial statement, showing that
*3S0S.2fi had been received, and
$2839.81 expended. By membership
the voto in fnvor of thi) O. B. U. wm
24,318 against 6147. One hundred
(Continuod ou pnge 8)
Socialist Speaker to Deal
with Canadian Strike
The Socialist Tarty et Canada will
be re present-nt nn Sunday evening by
\V. W. Lefoaux ut the Empress
Those members of the working
cluss who have not yet learned their
eluss position in socioty would do
well to attend these meetings and
get wise.
Comrado Lefeaux will no doubt
deal with the current events and
there are few who can mako them
appear so simple und interesting ai
he can. In these stirring times
there is nobody who works for
wages wbo cnn afford to miss one of
these meetings.
Come enrly to avoid the rush.
Doors open at 7.80. Chair -it 8 p.m,
Questions, discussion .
Teamsters Standing Fltm
The Teamsters, Chauffeurs and
Warehousemen'« Union reports that
the following firms are on the unfnir list: Amid Ice Company, Vernon Feed Company and Kirkham'a
Grocertc-ria. Boniiett 's -Transfer ia
operating with strikebreakers. Do-
Hpite reports to the contrary, tho
members are standing firm. Severnl
huvo received very interesting letters from their omployers, wliich
shows how tho omproyers want to
do business by ignoring the union,
und Inter on cleiiu up the men. Hy
stnnding solid we run and Mill win
out. The notion »f tho "ion «n iho
'Makura in rct'imin^ tn let good.* delivered to the docks by oftiee whiffs
and coniiueroinl travellers bo Lint
on hoard is uppreeinted.
You now hnve the time.    Do ii
eleventh YEAH.'no. .4     TBE BMTISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    TAwconrEB, b o.
...June 13,
Arnold & Quigley's
Remarkable  Dollar Day
Bargains in all Lines
Co-op. Store Bucceaaful
Sydney Mines, N. 8.—The laat
quarterly report of the British Canadian Oo-operative Cociety, Ltd., contains a table showing the progress
of tho society front tho flrst to the
twelfth year of its existonce. The
sales of the society rose from $16,-
1)13.18 during the first year to *675,-
204.94 in the twelfth year. The membership increased from 88 to 1550,
and share   and  loan   oapital from
$1710.11 to $88,602.43, while thc
amount paid in purchaso dividends
was $598.20 in the first yoar, and
$71,029.81 in the twelfth year. Thc
aggregato trade amounted to $2,-
561628.40. The total interest paid
on capital amounted to $19,306.28,
the sum of $262,026.39 has been returned to the customers as purchase
dividends, and the sum of $12,000
has been transferred to the reserve
fund out of the surplus revenue.
Fork and Beans, 2 for  SSo
Sardines,  8  for   „.. 86c
Windsor Salt, 8 for  25c
Potted Heats, 8 for  .-  SSe
Finest Peas, tin  ..  16«
Laundry Soap, 6 for  26s
Bister's Tea, lb _  45c  ■
Nabob Tea, lb.  66o
Nabob Baking Powder „.. SSe
Pancake Flour   26c
Pure Plum Jam,  _ lbs 968
Large Tint Peaehei, tin  36c
Large Tina Pineapple, tin   SOe
Large Tina Aunt Dinah Holaaaes SOe
Jelliea all klnda, 3 for  SOe
Corn flakes,  2 for   360
Eggo Baking Powder  _  2Se
Apex Jama, No. 4 tlna  76c
Nabob   Coffee SSe
Finest Marrow/at Pets, 3 lba SSe
Smalt White Beam, 8 lbe. for SSe
Buttercup Milk, 3 for    360
Blatar'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 60c
BUter'i Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 66c
Slater's  Salt Fork, lb  W_e
Slater's Ayr-shire Bacon,  lb  SSe
Slater's Sliced Boneless Boll, tt....46c
Finest  Compound  Lard,  regular
85c lb.   Special Q*LJo
2 lbs. for  _ vw*
Limit 4 lbs.
Finest Pare Lard, lb  400
Finest Alberta Creamery Batter,
per lb  66c
Fresh Alberta Eggs, dozen   60c
Cottage Bells, boneless;
while ther l"t. lb. -
Fineat Brisket Bacon, lb 46>/ac
Finest Calves' Liver, lb.   86c
Vegetable Soap, tin   -  lOe
Seeded  Raisins,  8  for   26c
Finest Pumpkin   16o
Vinegar, bottle   16c
Three Big Stores
Phono Sey. 3202
Phone Sey, 686
Phone Fair. 1683
President of Australian
Labor Conference Flays
Capitalist Government
[By W. Francis Ahern]
At the annual conferenco of the
Victorian branch of the Australian
Labor Party, held at Melbourno,
April 18 Inst, the president (Mr. J.'
H, Scullin) delivered a scathing denunciation on traducera of the'Australian labor movement.
He said the true character of organizations and individuals was
guaged by the manner in which
crises were faced. The was was
labor's testing time, and though individuals in tbe Australian labor
movement hud been found wanting,
organized labor in Australia stood
fearlessly for liborty, against the
tyranny of military oppression.
Those of the labor movemont in
Australia, like thoso of other countries, who expressed humane sentiments, wero denounced as "Huns,"
while anybody who urged Prussian
methods wcro acclaimed as "loyalists." It was ever thus, and would
doubtless continue whenever the
dogs of war were released. The
labor programme, with its proposed
peaceful methods for the settlement
of international disputes, seemed so
ineffective amid tho tumult, and was
oponly derided by many maddened
with blood-lust. But. the labor ideal
was acknowledged today by statesmen the world over, who realized
the futility of arbitrary force.
It was the organized efforts of
the labor movement that twice
saved Australia from conscription
and prevented tho military overlords from dragging Australians
from the sanctity of their homos
thousands of miles away to forogn
battlefields. The.Labor Parliamentary Party was broken in tho conflict, and it was labor's duty to
repair the damage by putting
strong, reliable men in the positions where weaklings nnd traitors
lamentably failed at the crucial
Next to tho stand taken on conscription, nothing had brought down
on them moro bitter criticism than
the peaco proposals formulated by
tho Australian Labor Party two
years ago. The critics wero now
silent, since delegates to the Peace
Conference gavo unanimous approval to the League of Nations'
covenant, which, if it. meant anything at all, was a completo endorsement of the labor, proposals sot
forth—not after the armistice was
signed, when it was popular to talk
peace—but while the war was raging. Tho "Bitter Enders" in Australia, who would have no peace unloss it was signed in Berlin, were
now strangely quiot.
In spite of the censorship, in spite
of the shameful repression of free
speech, labor intuitively sensed the
true position, and voiced its convictions amidst howls of execration
nnd denunciation. Labor in Australia had reaaon to be proud of the
sound judgment shown on those
vital questions.
In Communist Hungary
[By H. N. Brailsford iu'uie "Na-tof the university, with a family of
Is is common form in the oratory
and journalism of the west to identify Bolshevism with anarchy. The
traveller who enters communist
Hungary with that illusion rs destined to a crescendo* of disappointment. There is in Europo today no
city more monotonously orderly than
Budapest, and the stranger who expected confusion emerges in the end
a little stifled by the oppressive
order. The communism which prevails in Hungary reflects the later
phases of the Bussian revolution.
Its first principle iB authority and
with all tho enthusiasm of -a new
fftith it is creating also a taore than
Roman discipline. The dally papers
have been turned into gatettee wliich
devote interminable columns' to tho
edicts and legislation .of tho new
government. Page after page is filled with "orders" which regulate
every phase of life from the distribution of boots to the repertoires of
the theatre. Their tone is sharp, pro-
emptory, threatening, and mdst of
them contain a threat which has become a commonplace of communist
style—that tho least rosistence will
be punished with -death. Tho -official
smiles as he pens the conventional
words, for in point of fact, after
three woeks of proletarian dictatorship, only one death sentence has
been passed by tho revolutionary
tribunal, and even thnt has not been
executed. There is no torror for
thore is no rosistence. The essential
difference betwoen Russia and Hungary lies in tho fact that thc Hungarian proletariat was from the first
unitod. There are no Monsheviks
and no social revolutionaries in Hungary, Tho social democrats and thc
communists fused their soparate organizations at the moment of thc
revolution to form a united Socialist party. The orthodox Socialists
supplied tho members, tho communists tho driving force. The radicals
had already dissolved their party
organization before the coupe d'etat
and had rallied to the support of
the Socialists. The other parties had
been shattered by the catastrophic
end of tho wa*, and the assassination
of Count Tiszn.
Revolution Inevitable
A social revolution was already
inevitable, even before ttyc IJutente
precipitated it by tho insensate note
of Colonol Vix, Morally, vnnil materially the old order was panfcrupt.
Tho October rovolution had 'ended
thc feudal rule of the magnates-, Universal suffrago had come,, at, last
with Count Karolyi, and, the long
oppression of the subject nationalities was ended for all timcv Magyar
refugees from the occupied -,territories thronged thc capital.*.Tqhcchs,
Serbs, and Roumanians helfl the
richost corn lands, and thejfew, coal
mint's of the monarchy; the Tchechs
demanded the river mercantile,, fleet
on which Budapest depended for
transport. Thc winter pjissud in
ever-growing want and (deppuir.
Looting and disorder were frequent
in tho country and tho Karolyi government with its patchwork compromises between radicalism-and So-
Thii Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BI.OCHBF.RGEK, P. R, 919 Broadwer Ent Fairmont 203
BRAND. W., 689 Ponder Strut Wont Seymour 2671
B. C. PRINTINO A LITHO. CO., Smyth, .nil Homer Seymour 3_3,*>
CI*AKK A STUART. 320 Seymour Street  Seymour 3
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple Bullnim Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO.. 437  Dunemulr Street Seymour 1103
JCTFEBY,  \V.  A.   2168 Pirker  Street Highlenit 1137
KERSHAW. J. A..  639 Howe Btreet Seymour 8674
I.ATTA, R. P., World Building Seymour 1039
MAIN PRINTINO Co., 8851 Main Stroet Fairmont 1988
MrLEAN A 8HOEMAKER, North Vancourer. N. Von. 53
MITOHELIi-FOLEV,  LTD., 129 Haetlnge Street Weet Seymour 1085
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vaneourer N. Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 600 Beatty Street.;. Seymour 9592
ROEDDE, G. A., 816 Homer Street ._ Soymour 201
SUN JOB PRESSES, 187 Pender Street Weat Seymour 41
TECHNICAL PRESS,  Mlnee Building, Homer Street Seymour 3825
TIMMS, A. H„ 290 Fourteenth Arenue Eaet Fairmont 821R
WARD  ELLWOQD A CO., 316 Homer Street Beymour 1515
W«!SMRN BPEOIALTT CO., 672 Oranvllle Street Seymour 8526
WHITE A BINDON, 528 Pender Stnet Weat Seymour 1214
Writ. "Union LAM" on Tou Oopy Whon Th Snd It te tha PrinUr
This is the time to
buy a Wheel. We have
a full stock of Bicycles and supplies. Repair work done by experts.
W# H. Morrison
108 Hastings Street East     Vancouver, B. C.
Agent for Massey Harris and Indian Bicycles.
There was much for a labor gov-!*1"8"1* could supply no stimulus to
ernment.to. do, and mafly evils to  the «?rgic? «.' a broken people. In
bo undone when the time came. For
ovor four years the eyes of Australians had been focusscd on happenings abroad, to the neglect of
matters ut homo. They had cheered
for the cause of freedom in Belgium and Franco and Poland, whilst
freedom wos being Jllchcd from
them in Australia, To breathe a
word againat a foreign nation,
whother whito, brown or black, was
an indiutible offence, but slanders
against Australia wore regarded us
Ute very acme of loyalty. Labor
in Australia had learned recently
that while her sons were pouring
out thcir blood to assist tho Allied
cause, the Allies were secretly entering into treaties with an Asiatic
power whieh struck at Australia's
economic freedom and the white
Australia policy.
After pointing out how the peo-
Buy Your Shoes
Buy good shoes of dependable
leather stock—of unquestioned
quality—and  you   get
most in comfort, service
and satisfaction.
Goodwin Quality is Economy. Your shoes wear to an
honorable old age and Goodwin prices are sane and fair.
Thc best in union makes,
Goodwin Shoe Co.
o£ the profiteers, the president went
on to say: The self-styled "Nationalist" government could no
longer sheltor behind tho catchy
title of "win-the-war" government,
and even now regarded tlie title as
ono of reproach. And finding tho
epithets of "shirker," "pro-German," Sinn Foiner" ami so on ineffective to discredit labor, a new
war whoop had been sounded. "Bolshevism '' was the new epithet
Hurled at lahor. Every forward
movement, evory attempt to remove intolerable conditions was described as Bolshevism, anarchy and
lawlessness. But they had to bo reminded thot the lawlessness on a
gigantic scalo that delugod Europo
in blood was not the work of labor
agitators. It was not a dispute ovor
work or wages that hurled millions
of men into eternity; that maimed
and shattered many millions more,
nnd murdered and starved helpless
womnn and children. It was not
tradeB unionism that ordered the
ruthless destruction of noblo works
of art and ancient shrines, and the
devastation of towns, cities and villages. It was tho chish of capitalistic interests, the frenzied seeking
for outlets for surplus capital and
tho ghoulish grood for munition profits that brought these horrors on
suffering humanity, Thc crime of
tho war did not Ho at the door of
the workers, although they bore the
brunt of it all. And it was urged
on by the capitalistic press, who
wero not labor's accusors.
These minions of tho capitalists,
guilty of tho blood of millions,
dared to charge the workers with
the unholy desire to plunge the
world into tho throes of Ted revolution. No greater untruth was ovor
uttered, for the very task bofore
them, and tho task to whieh labor
in Australia had bent Us energy for
nearly thirty years, was to so shape
the industrial course as to render a
revolution unnecessary. It
stupid to think of bullets whoro the
ballot rightly understood was all-
Labor in Australia must have a
positive policy. Tho negative policy
that capitalism Bhould be abolished
by rendering lahor inefficient would
produco results that would make
any other system impossible. Labor
in the future in Australia must bo
united if it wishod to succeed and
attain power again. Thoy had not
only the old anti-labor forces to
moot, but alao a number of Jabor
its external situation Hungary had
no choico. From the Entente it had
learned that it could expect no consideration; it turned in despair to
Russia. There was, however, a more
potent phychological reason for the
revolution, Iu the -depths of despair
the human instinct of self-preservation cried out for a new hope. Patriotism was a spring brokon by tho
intolerable strain of thc war. .Religion was an official convention
linked with thc old feudalism and
the capitalism era. In the prudent
schemes of opportunist politicians
who mixed a little reformist Socialism with middle-class Liberalism
and the pensant view of landowner-
ship, there was no stimulus for.mind
or will. From the ruined past and
the intolerant present, Hungary
turned to Communism because its
will could recover health only in
pie of Australia were at tho merfly, .gigantic effort of creation. There
' was nothing left that scemod worth
conserving. Traditions, reverences,
catch-words, they were all meaningless. Even of property thero waa
little loft to defend, for every man's
woalth had shrunk by the fall of the
Exchange to a fifth of its old value.
One party had nn energetic belief.
There sruvived no force which could
oppose it,
General Obedience
The amazing thing is that thia
new dictatorship, scattering orders
so numerous that the memory cannot
copo with them, is overywhere obeyed. It has ruthlessly carried out its
principles. Privato proporty in all
but tho smaller forms of capital,
vanished in a night. It mattered
littlo that the internal state debt
above a minimum figure was repudiated—its owners did not exaggerate Ihe value of their scrip. Nor
was tho expropriation without compensation of industrial capital « cat-
ustropho measure, for there-are no
old industrial families iu Hungary,
no numerous master class. Thjj' during of tho new administration was
shown in itB instant attack 'itpijh the
conventions of daily life. It Wd.to
copo with urgent problems?1 ^Budapest was throngod with refUSem and
demobilized soldiers; some mr4hat
it had doubled its normalM,'ii<.pula*
tion. The government "ihs'tpntly
laid down tho principles that every
adult is entitled to one living1,ijoom,
and no family to more than (lirec
rooms, apart from the kttcfeen. nnd
rooms sot apart for work. Thp .homeless were promptly housed.qy,- local
commissions, and in many n> palace
the inmates retired to the three
rooms allowed to them by law." The
British Labor Party announced as
its motto at the last eloction "No
cake for any till all have bread,"
The billeting plans of the Hungarian-government were a drastic application of that principle. In practice
it was carried out with reasonable
consideration. Friends and relatives
were encouraged to live together.
On tho amusing plea that the bourgeois would corrupt honest workers,
families of the same habits of life
were grouped together.   A professor
renegades, and it was notorious that
"scabs" usually resorted to cunning
and subtlo .devices. Their treachery
was frequently manifested by tivo
use of poisonous sectarianism which
tho Labor Party had done so much
to MIL
three had five large rooms. One was
allowed him a study, and the official
who dealt with his caso suggested to
him that he ahould bring, his secretary to inhabit the fifth room. Clothing was no less scarce than house
room ,and no new stocks could be
imported. In oach block of fiats the
tenants were required to eleot truatees, who must countersign their applications for new clothes or furniture and grant them only in case of
actual need. Those who had excessive stocks of personal clothing had
to give up their surplus. These are
only a few instances of the drastic
measures whioh the People's Commissioners adopted to deal with an
abnormal condition of scarcity. Thoy
toll, on the whole, for the good of
tho greater number. In nothing,
perhaps, did the commissioners act
bo firmly as in the instant and total
prohibition of all alcoholic.'drink.
There is no evasion of that command; Hungary is obediently "dry"
and to this, oven moro than to the
firmly disciplined Bed Guards, Hungary owes the preservation of order.
Communism and Agriculture
The test question for any form of.
Socialism in Hungary lies beyond
the boundaries of the towns. They
wore ripe for the chungo. The younger peasants may havo been ahakon
somewhat out of the conservatism of
their class by the war, but the older
peasants, half of them illiterate,
clung tenaciously to tho idea of private ownership. Tho former government proposed to break up the vast
feudal latifundia into small farms,
and on Count Karolyi's own estate
thc partiion had actually bogun. Socialism could have no futuro outside
the towns if that policy were carried
out, for the peasants would necossar-
ily form a preponderant conservative propertied class. Even before
the revolution, the Socialists in aome
countries started an active campaign of education among the landless workers of thc great estates.
The argument was simple and convincing. One niight divide the land,
but one could not break up the immense model cattleshcds with their
perfect equipment, I saw some of
these catatos in County Somogy.
Thore was electric light and hygienic drainage in the byres; the workers' cottages had neither. Then if
gains' must be shared under com*
munism, so also would risks and the
Hungarian peasant had reaaon to
dread the sudden local storms of
hail. He readily understood the case
for commuuizing engines und steam
plows, and on one great estate' near
Kaposvar the laborers under the influence of the local Socinlist Party,
themselves formed a Co-operative
Society to work' the estate as an alternative to subdivision. In any
ovent, they roalized that the end of
March was no time for a destructive
experiment, for the fields called for
tho sower. In the first days of the
revolution, a plan of organization
waa rapidly worked out by tho Com-
misaioner for Agriculture, Sr. Ham*
burger, a country doctor with a high
record for revolutionary courage,
who stepped out of prison like so
mauy of his colleagues, to wield a
dictator's power. On each great estate over 200 acres (thc limit is only
provisional, and may vary in each
district) the entiro staff is formed
into a permanent Socioty. The only
condition of membership ia the obligation to work at least 120 days in
tho year—a minimum which is intended to lure the owners of small
'(uneconomic'' holdings into the
agricultural guilds.
Society Fanning
The maintenance .of the workers
is a first charge upon the produce of
the communal ....farm. Ench family
will receive a ration of grain, meat,
dairy produce and vegetables, according to the number of its members. The surplus produce ia then
bought by the district central agricultural association which is, in its
turn, subordinate to a country association and to the -ministry. In
these organizations arc centralized
the purchaso of seeds, manures, machines and the sale of produce to
the town population of Hungary.
This centralization will mako for
economy and efficiency in all the industries subsidiary to agriculture,
from the making of butter to the
manufacture of beet sugar. Xt will
bo an obligation on thc societios to
expend half of each year*B surplus
on improvements—a term which covers the building of decent dwellings
for the working members of the society as well as tho purchase of machinery. The remaining half of the
surplus is distributed in time-wages
to the working mombers of the community ,and is the inducement which
will stimulate them ro work thcir
bost for as many days in the ycur
I aBked the opinion of
a strongly individualistic lender of
the local peasantry ns to who had
led the opposition to the Socialist
Party. He summed up the view of
iho laborers ub follows: "Thoy care
nothing for the theory or ideals of
Socialism, but thoy arc attracted by
tho promises of tho leaders. At present they aro disposed to work heartily und will give the experiment a
chance. If theae promises are kept,
if they see now and healthy cottages
built, if thoy get whut they- never
had beforc, free medical attendance
and well-organized schools, if they
soe that the former gains of tbo absentee capitalist landlord are flowing into their own pockctB, they will
remain firm supporters of the system." From a hostile but capable
witness, this was favorable testimony.
Workers' Guilds
The constitution of these rural
workerB' guilds reflects the wisdom
hardly'gained from the early experience of Bolshevik Bussia. The autonomy of the workers allows them
a eortain initiative and control, but
the final authority is the central
bureaucracy. Each cstato {thoy average 10,000 to 20,000 acros) elects
its own workers' soviot, and this, in
turn, chooses a managing committee
of threo. Sido by side with this
elected authority there is, however,
a manager appointed by1 tho district
organization. He is usually the bailiff of the old aristocratic landlord.
These meu were experts, and against
all the traditions of their claaa, they
have rallied to Socialism. Feudalism received its death blow in thc
war. Thc alternative was the partition of the estates among laborers.
That would have meant tho end of *■
the stewards' profession, and today
Continues to Deport the
Aliens—Russians Are
Most Undesirable
One would have thought that by
this time the anti-Labor governments of Australia would have finished making the country aafe for
domocracy. Alas, such is not the
case. At tho beginning of last April
a notification was issued that further
deportations of alien subjects were
to be made. Arising out of a recent
disturbance in Brisbane (Queensland), where some Russians of Bolsheviki tendencies carried red flags
through tho streets iu a procession,
some eight or nino of tho more
prominent Bussians involved aro to
be immediately deported. These
have now been brought to Sydney
and detained ponding the issue of i
deport ation notices. It was flrst do-!
cided that they would be deported
to Odessa, but now that that city
has fallen into the hands of the Bolsheviki it iB extremely unlikely
thut the Australian or any other
anti-Labor government would deport
the Russians and land them at
placo where thoy would be likely tb
swell the ranks of thoir own class
und thus add fuel to the world conflagration.
This does not end the deportation buainess by any means. The
commonwealth government has ordered a list to be compiled of all
aliens in Queensland who aro suspected of having identified themselves with Bolsheviki propaganda
during the wur period, Aa soon as
thia list is complcto deportation
orders will be issued to them. Somewhere about sixty persons will participate in this freo trip from Aus
tralia at the government's expense,
It is also asserted that similar action
ia to be taken against British subjects who similarly offend as soon
as authority is issued, but in the
case of the latter it is understood
that they will be interned on an
island over which tho British f
flies. Some Australians are believed
to be already there at tho present
time—wherever it may be.
Some time ago the Soviet Consul
General in Australia (Mr. Petor
Simonoff) was arrested and jailed,
and thero is good renson to bolieve
that he will bo sent out of the country on the complotion of hia sentence.
It is interesting to note that all
the Bussians proposed to be deported were brought to AustraUa by
thc self same anti-Labor folk who
now seem anxious to get rid of them.
They were welcomed to Australia
after the Bussian revolution of 1905
and invited to bring out all their
friends if they liked, and were assured of thc sanctuary end protection of Australia for all time,
here again, we see that Germany
wasn't tho only country to tear up
its scrap of paper.
I. W. W. Oases in Australia to Receive Wide-World Mention
Ail efforts to date having failed
to secure the release of the twelve
imprisoned I. W. W. men in Australia, the release committeo connected with the Sydney Labor Council has decided that a world-wide
propaganda campaign on the lines
of tho Mooney case shall be instituted. It has been decided to write
up tho case in full, showing the
kind of evidence on which the mon
were sentenced to terms of imprisonment ranging from fivo to fifteen years nnd what caine out in the
recent commission inquiring into the
conduct of thc polico who secured
their incarceration ,and distribute
samo throughout the world.
Producing Results
Seattle, Wash.—Thc formation of
Teachers Unions and thc general
agitation that has followed is producing results, aa is indicated by action of thc board of education at a
recent meoting. After 11 years' servico high school teachers will receivo $2100 a year, beginning September next, according to the salary
schedule approved by the board.
For all grades au $1800 maximum
was named. Tho respective mini-
munis are $1600 and $1200.
Big Strike On
New York—The 45,000 striking
members of thc International Ladies Garment Workors Union won a
44-hour week and increaso in wages.
Unusual Bargains
in Ladies' Garments
Ai the remit of a fortunate purchase we off«1
Vancouver ladies exceptional values in all lines <
ready-to-wear garments.
These garment! tre now oa display tn our salesrooms—we are offering
theu at extraordinary redactions from, regnlar values.
VtWafc Ooats aad Oapoa—The very latest la outer gar*
meats M«.0i  to  129.80
Oapoi and Dolmans—In serge and velvet—an estra special
at   - llt-JO
Suits—In line material—Bluo and Black—handsome braid
trimming  ~ .|28.00
Heavy Wash Satin Skirts—In White—with tailored pockets
—Tory  smart    - - ..|8.50
Call and im our fuU display—lt conn th* best—offered fox leu.
Sett Granville
Mr. Union Man, do you buy at a
union itoref
1047 Granville Street
Anly the
Bole leather used. Shoee made
to order. Union shop with
Union principles.
No delay Shoe Co.
Pbone Sey. 1471
PBWTBB8,     PU1LI8HBR8,     STI-
Onloa Ofloials, write for prioei.  Wo
Phono Soymour 7188
Third  floor,  World  Building,  Vancouver, B. O.
ono may see these men, with their
1mlfaristor™tie. half parasitic man.
iters, wearing a red button in their
coats, and serving thoir new masters
with all their habitual corroctitudo.
The steward has tho right to veto
the decisions of the elected authority, and all its plans and budgets go
with his independent reports to thc
omnipotent eentrul authority.
Agriculture in theso vast estates
is already a typical modem Industry,
which dominated a rural proletariat
by the power of its concentrated
capital. This fiold is ripo'for Socialization, Outside it lies the an-
tiquo world of tho peasant—a term
which covers the small farmor who
mukes a living by the labor of Mb
family from his own ten acres, and
finally the struggling small holder
who gains a helf-aubsistence from
his own inadequate plot, and ekes
it out by his work as a hireling for
richer men. Towards this intonsoly
conservative peasant world, the policy of Communist Hungary will be
the minimum of interference. Thero
will be in the villages no Socialization of houses or of lund. The small
owner will struggle on as before. If
he is adaptable, he will himself
create a voluntary co-operative systom. If he is conservative, he will
fail to compete with the great industry of the Socialized estates. He
will have to pay a fixed minimum
wage for his hired labor, and if all
goes well the attraction of life on
these comfortable self-governing estates wilt raise the requirements of
his hands, He will hardly survive
this generation, but Uionnwhilo the
intention is thut no villago Shall bc
" Socialized" until it calls for the
chungo, Tho lesson of Russia has
beon learned. One cannot force the
pace of a peasant's thinking. His
mind, however, will be formed in the
next generation in the village
schools, Thoy were the stronghold
of the church, They are now the
ndvauco-plots of the Socialist state. I
(Continued next usual
advice and stock yout OOAL
Till June 1st
Lump (sacked) $10.15
Nut Coal $9.65
KIRK'S   Celebrated   Doublo
Is Always Dependable
Ask tho woman who burns it.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and 485
aad Non-alcoholic wines of all
Tou can depend on tho
A. FISH, Prop,
to furnish you Pure Mfl
Housewives should insist i
■11 delivery men showtt
their union cards.
rk.au: Ssy. 773«o*o. ssy, eitsi
O. 1. Ull, IMyslstst
Greatest Stock of
In Greater Vaneourer
Replete in every detail
Hastings Funnture Co. Iii
Matinee   2.3
Evenings  1.2
For Onion Hen
Phone Seymour MS
Refined Bervloe
One Block West of Courthoi
Uso of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to
Telephone Seymour S4SS
Our advertisers support the
sratiouist.   It is up to you to
port them.	
Bicycles of Real Value-Tisdall's STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality has been out
flrst consideration. We.therefore offer you an excep-
tionally strong wheel at a very moderate priee.
omaux- iaim
OOfc   J
Eleventh year. no. 24       eight pages
For Reliable Footwear
Union Made Goods
Woods, Ltd.
Tho Shoe People
160 Cordova Street West
Men's Dress Boots
P. W. Slater, Strider, Astoria, Leckie, Murray, Gresh-
am, in Tan and Black Calf Leathers, $8.00 to $10.00.
" Men's Work Boots, $8.00 to $8.00
"Steelite" solid leather boots for boys and girls. "There's double
the wear In overy pair,"
Special prices on outing shoes for tha whole family
i^SrSSP) H-60 PER YEAtf
Feel free to consult us about any
trouble you may bave with your teetb
We give you honest advice after examining your teeth—
if work is necessary, we will do it in a thoroughly satisfactory manner and at a reasonable price.
Drs. Brett Anderson ond
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Bay and Crown and Bridge Specialists
Phone Seymonr 3331
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Particularly Good Men's Shoes
Men who come here for shoes are always glad they
did so.
Our shoes show superior style and quality at once, and they show
it too as long as you wear them.
Our shoes are "Onion Made" with "Quality" built into every
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
IiSm sTXSSwi^onSTtVMlSlC 1-tMllJ
Union-made Cigars. u.
)3h« (jMlllrt M-ktoiiMi-i'.i.uMMSiHIClM
tamovnt. Ml tmtntx&nttmwM
r cjti u.jAtunt. .
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bowiuets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East 738 Granville Stmt
Seymour 988-672 Seymour 9513
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
The Uttle "Stunt"--
JUST TELEPHONE wifle that you and she aro "going
out" tonight—or maybe it's Saturday afternoon. Tell
her that »he can save n lot of time—have all her work
—"odds und ends" done, if hIic gives the "go-by" to
baking broad. Oummlly mention, tlmt you aro bringing homo
a loaf of Inkers' bread.
Food  License
No. 6-1061
Fairmont 41
Countries That Have Been
Oppressed Are Now
in Revolt
That at the prosent time in Canada, we have a situation without
parallel, in the history of the labor
movement of this eountry was clear-
ly shown by Jack Harrington at the
Empress Theatre laBt Sunday evening.
The recent order-in-council aimed
at certain bodies, and certainly not
those of the type of the Knights of
Columbus, wbb a point worth noticing.
Another feature of the situation
waa the mounting of machine guns
in prominent places in this city.
A fit theory of the master class
is that if he puts a gold seal and
some ribbons on an order, he solves
his problems. They have yet to
learn that neithor orders-in-council,
machine guns or deportation will
solve their difficulties.
Those countries which have been
most drastic in their treatment of
labor, have failed miserably and in
some caseB have gone down and out.
Russia and Hungary for example.
What is the real situation today, the
fact is that the vast number of the
workers aro sore. Their grievances
have piled up until they are unablo
to Buffer in silence.
They have not been able in spite
of their apparent high wages, to buy
that which they require in order to
live decently. The civilized world
has been at war for nearly five years
(Savages settle their quarrels in a
much shorter time) and during this
time regular commerce has been and
still is at a standstill.
The process of exchange of commodities botween the various countries has been stopped. They are
still unable to move those commodities becauso of the huge indebtedness stacked up in each country.
Comrade Harrington described the
financial process necessary to the exchange of commodities and stated
that the master class are unable to
overcome the difficulties which confront them. The credit system is in
such a condition that they cannot
afford to place any more strain upon
The high cost of living was also
dealt with. It is not the result of
the actions of any particular person
or group of persons. Nor ie it a question for a bunch of governmental
heads to lit down and figure out a
solution to some, but the high cost
of living ie the result of the system under which we live.
The flght against the trado union
movement w|s not new. One hundred years ago in Great Britain the
trade unions were outlawed. The
trade unions of Bussia and Hungary
also were outlawed and the laws
were applied with great vigor. In
the face of great opposition set up
by the government of Great Britain tho trade union movement in
that country grew up.
In Russia the secret police also
attempted under the government to
sot up rival unions so that the government could control them. But
theso sham unions failed miserably.
While you may determine the death
rate or the height of a people by
averages ,you cannot determine their
temper by averages.
Touching on the Winnipeg strike
and the origin of that affair. The
whole cause of tho trouble as viewed by the master class was caused
by an agitator by the name of Rus-
sol. Their narrow minds aro incapable of understanding the situation
as it really is.
The cause of the Winnipeg striko
was not due to one cause but like
an avalanche on the mountains, due
to an accumulation of causes. The
unrest all over the world todtiy is
not due to individuals but to an accumulation of causes arising out of
the mode of production today.
The education of the workers
•long proper lines has beon lacking;
cheap novels havo boen fed to them
in abundance, and certain scientific
literature has been banned. Now
that the workers can read and write
they aro in a position to gain sufficient knowledge to be able to view
conditions as they really are.
Modern science will defeat all at-
This is a grand phrase, and I love
it. It .was, I fear, originally made
in Germany; but no matter. I raise
my hat to the memory of the man
who firBt coined it. The Germans call
it the Zcit-geist or Time-Spirit, that
is the spirit of the times. In this
senso every man will have a differ*
ent idea of it. Tho Spirit of tho
Ago may be regarded as good or evil,
according to the point of view. But
the Spirit of the Age is no mere
abstraction to me. I would define
this spirit as the spirit that looks
forward instead of backward; the
spirit of progress, of change, of daring adventures on to tho unknown
and the untried ways. The Spirit
of tho Age is tho daughter of Time,
but never grows old; she is the spirit
of toiling, progressing humanity,
which marches on with bleeding feet
from generation to generation, to the
mysterious goal that is hidden from
the gaze of man as he peers wistfully from time into tho dark
shadows of eternity. The Spirit of
tho Ago is a living Bpirit, a real
being, partly divine and partly human, a vitalizing and inspiring spirit.
She preserves tho race from dry rot;
she inspires new thoughts and new
ideas, and makes the dreamer soe visions of days to como that, seem beyond the reach of humanity. She
is tho sworn enemy of dry-as dust
traditions; sho is tho spirit of today
and now. Yet she constantly points
to the future as the good timo to
come, but her very existence proves
that there is no past and no present, only an eternal now.
The spirit of the age speaks to us
in a voico of thunder. She bids man
confront the problems of life and
solve them at tho risk of death, Sho
forces him to choose between God
and Mammon, between what is and
what should be. Sho compels him to
choose his way of life; cither to
live for himself or- for the race. She
seeks continually to drag men away
from tho idols, the traditions and
ways of tho Past, and points them
to the future; sho fills thom with
divine discontent; ahe makes of
man a fighter for better things, and
forcos him to oboy the great law of
his being that decrees that the world
shall bo constantly born again, by
means of tho travail of man's body
and soul.
The spirit of the ago bids mon
havo hope. She is full of optimism.
She gilds the future with the bright
colors of the golden age which is to
come. She tells tho toiler to have
hopo and patience, for the hour of
his deliverance is near. She gives
tho lie to the pessimist who regards
life as an evil, and tolls hiB brothors
it is vain to expect happiness in
life. "Life is a constant struggle,"
she says, '' but also a constant
achievement. Work, ye sons of men,
work on till the night cometh when
no man can work, though ye reap
no reward but sour bread and water.
Your prosperity shnll reap whore ye
havo sown, and yo.ur names ahall be
kopt in honored remembrance by
thoBo who enter the Promised
The spirit of thc age often comes
to us with messuges of hope, and
duty, and solace. She fills ub with
a sublime hope for humanity which
language is unable to express. She
tells us of a dny when poverty shall
be no more; when wars and rumors
of wars shall cease, and mon shall
live together in tho bonds of brotherhood. Sho tells us that labor will
yet rulo tho earth, clothed in tho
majesty of power and the magnificence of wealth, and that all men
will do him homage. Sho spcakB of
the timo when roan shall blush no
by machino guns or other means.
Tho more revolutionary the workers become the more reforms will bo
conceded to them by the master
They arc now doling out pensions
and out of work pay becauso in
other countries they see tho slaves
throwing their masters off their
It is up to the workers at this
timo to remain cool and collected, nn
experienced fighter novor gets mad,
but is always on tho lookout to
roach a vital part of the enemy.
This is not a flght of fists but ono
of brains nnd when the workors
stay on this plane they will win because they and they only have tho
knowledge enough   to  know what
tempts to crush the workon either they want and tho way to get it
manhood, because
womanhood is degraded and children
starve for want of bread. She bids
us speak out boldly and fearlessly
in the cause of man, and to sparo
not those who ask him to be content with tho life of a boast. She
says, with a voice of compelling authority, that a time will come when
manywiFl be truly a little lower than
the angels. Of a time when ignorance; aiid want, and war, and die-
ease', will bo thrust from tho homes
of men'ami banished for over; when
man shnll cease from spending his
life in tho pursuit of shadows, and
shall HVe and lnbor and rejoice in
the1 work of his hands, and fill the
earth With peace and love, beauty
All gWat and good men have been
inspfred'and cheered by the voice of
the'Spirit of the Age, The reformer
in advimee of hie age, thrust into
dunjjeotis, racked and - tormented
witH'iristrumcnts of torture, hewed
asunder and burned witb flre, in tho
sore hour of his trial, when ho folt
the earth slipping from under his
feet, heard her voice, Baying, "Fear
not, but follow Truth; tread boldly
where sho leads, for her way leads
to life everlasting." Poets and seers
and artists, tho rebels of the ages,
have interpreted her messages to thc
sons of men, and given to humanity
new thoughts and ideas thnt seemed
madness to their duy and generation.
Tho Spirit of the Age will not bc
donied; ever she speaks, in thc busy
hours of day, or the silent watches
of the night. Sho fills tho weary
fighter in the battlo of life, almost
perishing in thc struggle, blinded by
the smoke of war and the poison-gas
of the enemy, witb new courage,
new hope, nnd now strength to go on
until life departs. Always she finds
some ready ear and eloquent tongue
to proclaim her gospel of the Living
Present to the sons of men. Thus,
even when thoso who battle for the
right seem vanquished for evor, now
disciples spring up who own no allegiance save to the divine firo within
thoir bosoms, who refuse to bow the
knee to Baal.
When man hearkens to this divine
spirit tho Golden Age will come, and
the words of the Prophot-Poet Whit-
tier bc fulfilled:
Earth own, at last, tintrod,
By soi!t or caste or clan
Thc Fatherhood of God,
Thc Brotherhood of Man,
Working Class  Government Making Life
Worth Living
Labor correspondents in Hungary
havo sent ever interesting particulars of what tho Socialist government has done in Hungary. ;
Education was freed, and teachers, even thoso in the poorest village
schools, received tho same salary as
a cabinet minister.
Private picture collections were
placed in the public galleries; theatres were cheapened and the quality
of the performance raised.
Work on the land constituted the
only title to ownership; small proprietors were therefore left undisturbed. Only those who refused,
though able, to work for the community— exploiters and those who
lived on unearned incomo—were disfranchised.
At the Soviet elections on April
7, the Communist Party swept the
country. The standard was "one
loeal councillor for 500 persons,"
and each successful candidate received an avorage of 210 recorded
votes. Thus the Soviet government
was more representative than the
British.—Evelyn Sharp, of the Lon*
don Daily Herald.
Agreements of Federated
Unions to Expire on
Same Date
called tht "Federated Union.
Thie body, It ia claimed by th*
promoters, ie not to interfere with.
the work of the Central Labor Coun*-
cil, but is to auume authority oil
economic and induetrial quettione.
"It ia our idea," aay. Archie Bob.
treeon, chairman of the publicity
and speaker.' committee, "to function ae a delegate body of local
unioni, dealing with our economic
and induetrial problem, with th*
thought in mind of standardiiing of
contracts and agreements so that
they will expire on the same date."
Strike, Wag* SxctUM
Kingston, Jamaica—1 ten-days'
strike of dock laborers forced tha
Atlantic Fruit Company to rain
wages 38 1-3 per eent. and Ix the
working hours from 7 a. m. to 6 p.
m,, with double pay for night work.
Shlngtai, Attention
AH shinglers are invited to at.
«... *_.____■-_._.. it******** a meeting in the Holden build-
Believing that tho Central Labor togi _„m 3i5) Friday, J«m H. »*
Conncil of Beattle is devoting tools p.m. The meeting haa been called
much time to oratory, donate, reed-l*-*-*' the purpose et organizing these
ing of communications and speeches I workers,
by "Labor leaders," somo 55 local! '■
unions have started an organization'   Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Niagara Falls, Ont.—Workers employed on tho Hydro and Welland
ship canal), havo secured nn eight-
hour day ,a 44-hour week, and
double timo on Sundays and holidays, Tho mon arranged for a striko
that would involve a lnrge number
of oities if their demand for shorter
hours was not granted. Every attempt was made to deny these employees a shorter work dny, and thc
Hamilton Herald mourfully de-
"What a clumsy and Inefficient
economic system we have under
which it is possible for one class of
workers to tako all other classes of
workers by the throat and compel
them., io 'cough up.' For that is
practically what this threatened
strike of thc Hydro workers amounts
Sydnoy, N. S.—After being on
strike for 25 days, tho journeymen
plumbers have returned to work,
agreeing to accept G5 cents nn hour
and ait1 eight-hour day. The old rate
was* 52 cents and nine hours.
Wiudfior—Double pay for work on
holidays nnd a working week of 44
hours has been granted Windsor
mail carriers by the post oflico department, Tho men will be given a
half-day off each week. The now
order becomes effective immediately.
Kingston—A shorter work day has
been established tbnt will give the
elcrks in the various- storos eight
hours five days in the week, with
nine hours for Saturdays. Saturday
night work will bo eliminated.
Halifax, N. B.—Tho recently organized coal handlers have increased
wages 10 cents an hour, from 50 to
60c. From (J to 10 p.m. tho Tate is
70e, with timo and a hnlf for over-
timo and double time for Sundays.
Buy only from a union store.
Union Store
however, is still doing business with the approval of the Strike Committee.
Our Big Clothing Clearance/ Sale
is Going Strong-Every Suit Must Go
The Only Store for Real Strike Prices
Regular $21 to $25 Suits for $15-
just think, real good suits for $15!
A large range of suits for $20. In
this range we have suits that were
worth $40 eighteen months ago; only $20 now.
You can't afford to miss them.
For $55 we can give you the most beautiful
suit in the city. Sold at other stores for $70.
Only $55 here.
Furnishing Department
Odd Lino Arrow Collars; a few left.. 6c
Odd Line Arrow Shirts —30 per cent,
Odd Line Underdraw ers,
worth $1.00.
6 Pairs Cotton Sox $1.00
Work Shirts, regular $2.00 and $2.25,
for  $1.60
5 Handkerchiefs,
regular 2  for
____________ Mc
Oood  Summer Work  Shirts,  regular
$1.25, for 8*Jo
Suspenders 35c
Union Mnde Overalls, $1.75, $1.95, $3.15
nnd ( $3.45
Twin Bute, Carhartt, Mogul, G. W, O.
Regular $6.00 and $6.50 Pants $4.95
The Jonah-Prat Co.
Our Brandt—"Fit-Rite" and "Better Olothei'
Corner Homer
No. U
a. . •
...June 18, 19
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A. 8. WELLS...
Office:   Labor Temple,  405 Dunsmuir  Btreet.
Telephone Exchange, Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Boy. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United States and Foreign,
$8.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 per year; in
Vancouvor City, $2.00 per year- to Unions subscribing in a body, $1.26 por member per year.
Unity of Libor: The Hope of tbe World
...June 18, 1919
REALIZING THAT men are the product of thcir environment, and that
their views reflect the manner in whioh
they obtain their living, it is not the policy
of this paper to be
ADRIFT personal, or to in any
WITHOUT manner blame indivi-
A RUDDER. duals, but to place
the responsibility for
conditions where it belongs, and that is
on the system under which we are now
living. At times, however, it is necessary
to expose fallacies as put forward by individuals occupying more or less high
places. At no time are we overduly impressed with the importance of the individual. We were never of the opinion,
bo matter how high the position occupied,
that the individual can alter conditions,
but when men in high places, who think
they are oapable of interpreting the mo-
. tives behind the working olass movement,
and to prove their points, make misstatements, and aceuse mon of doing that
which they were not guilty of, then we
are compelled to expose them. Such a
case has been brought to our attention
this week. The occasion being a banquet
held in New WestjniMter on Monday, to
thc premier of this Province, Hon. John
Oliver. At that function the premier, in
dismissing the present Labor trouble
throughout the country, according to a
report in the Vancouver Daily Sun, made
the following statements:
* *      *
Speaking of the present twreft the pre*
mier declared, "I have no hesitation in stating that I ilrmly believe th»t behind the
preaent agitation is a died determination to
overthrow tlie constitutional government of
• this country—a handful of agitators, whom
- we know nothing about—do not even know
whether they are British subjects—ate trying to be dictators today. They are trying
to grab the reins of government without
asking the citiiens of the country to have ft
voice in the matter."
He cited the fact that last yoar a delegation of Labor men visited him at Victoria.
"These men told me," he declared, "that
they would not come again; that this was
the lut time.
"When I asked them what they would do
after this, they declared that they would
take what they wanted without asking,"
conoluded the premier. '' This, gentlemou,
is revolution, and this is what some of the
* present agitators would like to soe brought
• »        *
The premier very evidently does not
understand the present trouble, or the
cause of it.   He has gathered that a revolutionary strike is in progress.   In this
surmise he is absolutely incorrect.   The
■trike, we repeat again, is not a revolu-.
tionary strike.   Were the workers on revolution bent, they would not sit idly by,
but would take over the powers of state,
and commence to operate industry, and
not keep it closed down.   To prove his
point, the premier comes pretty near to
being a deliberate liar.   He attempts to
prove his contentions by quoting statements that were supposed to have been
made last year by a Labor delegation, but
We know that the statements attributed
io this delegation were never made.   The
occasion referred to was when thc executive of the B. C. Federation of Labor
waited on thc government, and asked for
the enactment of an eight-hour law.  This
by thc way had previously been practically promised by the government.   Thc
delegation pointed out that this would be
the last time that organized labor in this
Provinoe would ever ask for an eight-
hour law.   It was also pointed out to the
premier,  that only by. shortening thc
hours of labor, could very great suffering
be prevented.   The old argument that it
was not possible for British Columbia to
enact such legislation, without causing
the flight of capital from this Province
was used by the government representatives, as the excuse for the governmont
not being able to grant this legislation.
When the premier heard the delegation
Btate that Labor would not again ask I'or
this kind of legislation, he asked what
would Labor do after this, and he was
told that if the delegation understood thc
temper of Labor in this Province, that thc
workers would shorten the hours of labor
by the medium of their industrial organisations, as it was evidently useless asking
the government to give it lo them by
*       »       *
How the premier, who has, been so long
labelled "Honest" can so wilfully niiBcon-
ktiue thc statements of the delegates, wc
ere unable to sec. We realize that the
present government of thc Province, and
of the Dominion are capitalistic, or are
at least controlled by the large manufacturers, and thc financial interests. Realiiing this, wc do not think that thc workers were far wrong in tuking the stand
that what they desired, which was shorter
(lours, in order to relieve the unemployed
situation as far as possible, would have to
be got by the workers themselves, and by
thc only means at Iheir command, their
industrial organizations. In fact the premier on onc occasion, told thc representatives of the Federation, that if the government enacted tho legislation, that tlio
workers askod for, that, difficulty would
be experienced in floating loans, and that
the difficulty would bc caused by the
financial intorests who would object, and
by that means place the government in
difficulties as far as flnanoes were concerned.   On this occasion, one of the dole-
gates pointed out to thc premier, that in
that case, he would have to.admit that the
government was iu the hands of capitalists. This thc premier very strenuously
denied ,and took it personally, which was
never intended, but the facts prove that
the statement was correct, and if thc premier was at all logical, he would have to
admit that by his own words, he had
proved it.
*       *       *
. The small politician in a big puddle
caused by capitalism, and which he can-
nat understand, is like a ship without a
rudder. He drifts hither aud thither
without any means of correcting his
course. In desperation, and without any
knowledge of how to get out of the difficulties, which he is placed in, thc premier
has accepted.the ruling class press size-up
of the situation. He cannot, however,
aooount for the actions of men in thc different cities now ou strike, by saying that
they are led by a few agitators, who intend to do this and that, and thc othor
thing. He has no knowledge as to what
they intend to do in the flrst place, and in
the second he does not realize that a few
men cannot do anything, in fact the masa
of the people cannot do anything unless
the conditions are ripe. And well does
the Bed clement, which he denounces,
know this. They realize that the individual is driven, as are nations by circumstances to act as conditions compel them.
And to say that the present strike was
engineered by a few individuals in the4
ranks of organized labor, is to credit thc
workers with a much better organization
than they have got, and to class thc workers of this country as being men without
minds. If the premier thinks that they
can be led by a few men, how would it be
if he gathered a few men together, to lead
them as he would like them led? Poor,,
silly man. Nay, there are many of them.
Poor foolish creatures, will they never
realize, that the world is moving towards
a social democracy, when thc piffle of politicians/and small minded talk of the bourgeoisie will not fool anybody, not even
the inmates of the mental hospitals, and
children of tender yeara will laugh such
nonsense to scorn.
would be doing a public service rF+hey
closed up this source of hysteria-creating
agencies. The workers will obey the law.
They will keep order, if they aro not interfered with by some officious inojjvidual
with more zeal than brains.
*       ' ■
The Morning Albertan of Calg|ry has
the following to say on the present situation in an editorial, which is* weft worth
perusal by such people as Mayor; Gale,
Premier Oliver and others that ''-cannot
see why the workers in Vancouver!are on
There are two recent instances of sneconhful
labor negotiations which illustrate collective
bargaining very well. Several unions of roil-
way workers placed their case through a committee of which B. J. Tallon is tho chairman,
beforo the railway war board. Tho different
unions of civic employoes placod their schodulu
before tho city council. In eaeh case negotiations wero satisfactory. Uniformity was secured
un-d time was saved.
Whether collective bargaining will go any
further than thot is very doubtful. It may go
furthor in co-operative effort for shortening of
hours or perhaps upon a minimum scale or upon
some other big principle. But lt would have to
be a big principlo and ono that had beon carefully and thoroughly canvassed and very familiar to all of the peoplo and very popular with
the publie.
Tho suggestion made at one of the meetings
of thc citizens that collective bargaining meant
that the postal workers in Calgary Would be
called out if tho barbers of Vancouver had somo
difficulty with tho employors is ridiculous. Poople
who bolieve that forgot that the labor people
are not only human boings, but human beings
with intelligence nnd discretion.
There should be no trouble about collective
bargaining. We have some experience of it,
and it has boon very satisfactory. If the labor
men want to bargain that way, how can it be
prevented. This is a froe country. If tho labor
men are to be permitted to organizo thoy must
be permitted to doeido for thomsolves tho
methods of organization. This objection to collective bargaining means objection to Organized
lubor, no more and no less.
Cumberland    Leads    in
Labor Representation,
Holds All Seats
MOB RULE is something that everyone with any braina at all does not
desire to aee.   Least of all do the workers wish to aee violence in this or any
other troubles that may
WHY arise out of the present
THI industrial  system.    So
FRENZY?    ,.'v far there has been no
trouble   in   Vancouver
during this strike, and the police court
records prove conclusively that the work-
era arc law-abiding oitizens.  While there
is less crime than usual, there are some
feeble-minded persona in the city that are
seeing things.   Whether the mounting of
machine guns on the Armory has upset
their mental equilibrium we cannot say,
yet there ia every evidenoe that in aome
manner they have become disturbed, and
have lost that poise which shows a normal
state of mind.   One would think, after
seeing the half and full page advertise-
jnents in the daily press, that there were
riots and disturbances on  every street
corner.     Special   constables   are   being
sworn in, and all preparations arc evidently being made for a period of anarchy.   Those individuals who arc joining the Citizens' Law and Ordor League,
no matter how good their intentions arc,
will bc mostly people who are prejudiced
iu the premises. These are the people that
are being sworn in   as   special   police,
sworn in to preserve law and order that
is not in any danger of being destroyed
or in any way disrupted.   In the meantime thc police and civic authorities arc
in full control of the situation.   The police are trained men, men who by experience have learned to act with discretion.   They do not flaunt their authority.
In the case of men untrained, being given
police power, there is the danger of the
mob spirit obtaining.   Men given a new
power usually misuse it, and if our information is correct, this   has   been   the
cause of the trouble in Winnipeg.    The
trouble in Winnipeg did not develop un-
■til untrained men were given  a  power
which they were not fitted to wield. That
they misused' it and acted iu a manner
which would tend to cause troublo, there
is no doubt.   Wc have only to look at thc
press reports to prove this.   In Thursday's press reports wc are told that one
of these self-constituted law and order
freaks, armed with a little brief authority, and a revolver which he did not evidently understand, shot the man he was
trying to protect.   No doubt he lost his
head.   No doubt he was hysterical,   as
are most individuals when placed in an
unfamiliar situation.   Tho result is headlines in the press which would load onc
to believe that a police officer was shot
by a striker, when, in fact, he was shot
by another of thc same kind as himself.
So much for the first exhibition of thc
capabilities of the new law  and  order
a   • a .   a
The average man will respect and obey
thc regular officers of the law. ThiB is
proven by the present state of affairs in
this city. But it is another matter to have
a man accost another, who has nothing
but a special policeman's badge to show
his authority. In this there is danger.
There is danger because the men on strike
know that the people behind the Citizens'
League are antagonistic to labor. Thc
men so accosted will take it as an affront,
and those taking on themselves thc duties
of special police, must be prepared to take,
thc consequences of thcir foolhardy
actions. The strikers are carrying out
their work without any attempt to violate the law. The wild and silly statements appearing in Ihe press in the shape
of advertisements, the swearing iu of
special police, and the nonsensical press
statements and speeches oi! some of our
hysterical citizens, whose motive is not
above question, is linMc to cause that
state of mind, not onl*- in the men on
strike, but amongst the general public, as
ild not
Doubt still seems to exist as to the
cause of the strike. The World in discussing the situation says;
If, however, the Btrike is called as part of a
plan for overturning tho present oconomic system then it takes on quite a. differont complexion, Thc present economic systom is admittedly
by no means perfect and it is possible a much
better system could be readily devised. In-time
it may happen that tho majority of people will
discover this and through their oxisting governmental machinory bring about such ohongos as
they desire. With all its faults, our governmental system is a system in which democracy
can express itself, and if demooracy demands a
new economic Bystem it can bring onc peacefully into being.
Wo have repeatedly pointed m *that
there is no intention to bring jpottt "
revolution; that the strike was
support of the Winnipeg   worki
mands for the right of collective
ing.  Cannot we get the press to
or do the editors of the papers
to sec the trutht Thoae who are
to be the most revolutionary wi
allow any other issue  but  thaf? wluch
the workers went on atrike for to intervene.  Even Mayor Gale cannot iffliivMhe
workers from this point.  This is fjo revolutionary strike, wc. again repeat. S
The World last night made theJfoltow*
ing comment:
If thero were a censorship in time of strikes
tho following statement by a labor speaker in
Victoria is one that would surely merit tho censor's attention if only for its absurdity:
"Wo know that a maohino gun is posted 500
foet away from tho Labor Hall ln Vancouver
und that its muzilc is trained on our meeting
Now we know Bro. Smith, and we don t
think he made thc mistake and said feet
instead ol* yards, and we do know that
the machine guns are not over a thousand yards, and that they are nearer five
hundred yards from thc Labor Temple.
There is one thing -sure: the press of that
city could do with a good dose of censorship by the working class; it might be
able to print thc whole truth once in a
while. Wc are inclined to be of the
opinion that the report as to the statement of Bro. Smith is on a par with the
statement tha V. R, Midgley was in Winnipeg when ho was in Vancouver,
In last night's World thore appeared
an hysterical outburst by onc named H. D.
Giles. He signs' simsclf as a member of
the 29th Battalion. Wc do not know the
gentleman, but in view of the fact that he
has challenged any labor man to debate
the question that has arisen out of the
trouble in Winnipeg, we would like to
see that gentleman accommodated in so
far as the challenge deals with the debate part of it, not that there would be
any fear as to the consequences of the
outcome if it were fought out in any other
way, but because wo realize that force
without intelligence gets nowhere. He
says that he is a fighter, but as we are
now getting past that time when a good
rough and tumblS' was thc joy of life, to
accommodate the gentleman in question,
the editor of this paper, who can lay
claim to being a British subject, having
been born in the British Isles, or any member of the strike committee, who are'fortunate enough to be within the soope of
being British "subjects," and wo. think
they all arc, will debate the ques|ipa at
the Arena on Saturday afternoon.j meal*
izing that this individual does not'toad
the labor press, or he would not (ajjf so
frothily, and so silly, wc would ask the
editor of the World, who we know, ftads
the Fedorationist, to pass this along to
Mr. Giles.
From Parliament to District Council Labor
Won All Points
It is not the Clyde and not South
Wales that leads the way, but Cumberland, just ovor tho Scottish border.
Smillie and Williams, writes a correspondent at Cockermouth, are now
contemplating using tho industrial
forcos of the Triple Alliance to resist conscription. This project is
two years behind one strong West
Cumberland union, who resistod tho
.shackles of militarism in tho heat
of tho war passion and downed tools
against it. This was a bold venture,
for whicli credit must bo justly givon. So far as can be ascertained
these miners were prisoners and in
thiB drastic action stand alone in
Oreat Britain. Other triumphs wcro
achieved on the economic field, until now tbis ono important industry,
enjoys working conditions and wages
second to none in the country.
Faith ln Industrial Solidarity
What is truo of industrial victories here is even more true of tho
recent political achievements. Two
yeara ago tho comrades here were
reviled and ridiculed. In the face
of a frenzied war pnssion thoy proclaimed 'thoir international faith and
industrial solidarity fearlessly. They
suffered of courso. Housos and furniture were smashed and livos woro
attempted. They wore chased and
stonod and almost crucified. Un*
daunted and with unshakeable faith
in the ultimate triumph of thoir
principles, the propaganda waB continued. The more prominent comrades judiciously distributed tliem-
selvos equally iu each craft and industry and championed the cause of
thoir olass so consistently that an
accession of influence soon followed and executive positions woro secured in their respective unions.
When success began to como thoir
way vested interest rcsortod to the
usual malign slander, and a premium
was offered for such informntion as
would expose them as being of ques-
tionablo character and unworthy of
tho confidence of their fellows. They
emerged unblemished and with added power. Tho logic of events came
to our aid. Knowing the value of
good literature thoy taxed their resources heavily and used this powerful weapon to tho full. Their membership inoreased and influence multiplied. The whole atmosphere became moro' congenial and for the
sycophants of tho master elass more
uncomfortable. Those police who
had harassed and persecuted thcin
found it good for thcir health to
take, a change of air in other parts.
Trial of Strength
The first roal trial of strength
came at tho goneral olection. The
powors that be were challenged.
They wcro audacious. A Conservative, a Liberal and an Independent
wore already candidates. Labor ran
fourth, Tom Cape, an I. L. P. member. The workors organizod, fought
and won. Labor secured moro votes
than the threo opposing candidates
combined. Reaction recovered from
tho shock just sufficiently to find
consolation in tho hope that the triumph was only a passing spasm. Disillusionment quickly followed.
The County Council eloction came
noxt. Jack Adams, a working miner, young, able and vigorous, mili.
tant, true as steel, opposed tho chief
of the clan, the local royalty owning Conservative squire, who had
bold tho seat for 27 years. Thoro
was a wido gulf betweon the candidates. A hard light ensued. Thore
was a record poll aud a sweoping
Labor triumph.
The district Council election soon
followed and brought a chanco of
completing a .solid Labor claim.
Vested intorest had ruled the Coun-
cil through middlo eluss channels,
Labor announced a candidnto for alt
the eleven seats. With dignity
woundod and power rapidly waning
the opposition rallied all their forces
for a supreme final effort. A vigorous and heated contest ensued. - A
Over the
Top With
We don't Want to hurry
you into buying that Summer Underwear you have
been "standing off," but
just remind you that this
is. the place to get it.
We have all stylos in two-
piece suits and combinations at
$1.50 to $5.00 a Suit
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
spade was called a apaffe. Kid gloves
were laid aside. A record poll was
established. Not one available voter
was missed. The workers voted in
such a way that local capitalism
porished in the mire of its own filth,
and labor and truth emerged triumphant. Evory seat was won handsomely and thus was solidly forged
the last link in a perfect unbroken
chain of labor representation, Here
is proof that political power can be
secured. Let it go forth liko a clarion measnge to the world that here
from the parliament at Westminster
down through the County Council,
board of Gunrdiana, Urbau District
Council, school managers nnd every
other public admlnstrativo offico, is
solidly held for labor.
Labor Holds All Seats
There is not a single representative of any of the other parties. Labor holds sway, victorious and predominant. So fnr as wo know thiB
record is without precedent in the
annals of British history, and this
district shines forth as a boacon
light, leading tho way to the new
and botter order.
Mr. Winston Churchill says that
the check to Admiral Kolchak 's advance ia now moro pronounced and
that no attempt must bo made to
encourage extravagant hopes in that
quarter, and that the Britiah troops
will be withdrawn in the fall.
TRIO — Othor   Big   Features
The bug house at Ottawa is considering amendments to the criminal code to
the effect that associations purporting to
bring about any governmental, industrial
or economic chaugos by means of foroe
will be classified as unlawful and its
membera will be deported or givon heavy
sentences. It is presumed that thiB is
aimed at the military caste and that it is
tho purpose of thc government to try and
to bring about mob violence.    Thc city avoid all future wars by deporting or jail-.
council und thc authorities in  general ing all who have militaristic aspirations.
Possibly the reason Mr. Richardson of
thc Firemen's Union takes the stiiisJ he
does is because he is an international
officer and not a common plug. Try
again, George. There is one thing sure,
the job you have a loan on from the city
is sure,
Minimum Wage Board
Province of British Columbia
NOTICE is hereby given that
pursuant to Chapter 5B, of the
Statutes of 1918, being the
"Minimum AVago Act," a publie
meeting will bc held at- the Court
House, Georgia Stroot, in the City
of Vancouver, B. C, oa Wednesday,
tho 18th day of June, 1919. at 10
a.m., for the purposo of hearing any
person interested in tho establishment of a minimum wago and hours
and conditions of labor for women
engaged iu the manufacturing industry, including the. making, pre
pairing, altering, repairing, orna
tucnting, printing, finishing, pack*
ing, assembling the parts of nnd
adapting for uso or sale auy artielo
or commodity, but excepting fish,
fruit and vcgctublo drying, canning,
preserving and pneking,
A cordinl invitation to bo presont
is oxtended to all thoso who desire
to be heard on the above question
beforo a minimum wage nnd hours
and conditions of labor aro determined.
Minimum Wago Board for the Province of British Columbia
J. D. McNIVEN, Chairman,
Victoria, B. C, .Tunc 5, 1919.
Union Bank of Canada
Paid Up Capital and Reserve $   8,999,792
Total Assets, over  139,000,000
Special attention paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS and out-of-
town eustomen.  Safety deposit boxes to rant.
Vancouver Branches: ,
Hastings and Bichards, Cordova aad Abbott Streets, Mount
J. N. Harvey'a Onion Stores.
If it is clothing or
furnishings you
need today, see
J. N. Harvey
125-127 Hastings St. West
Alio 614*416 Tates Street
Victoria, B, O.
The first idea when a presentation for a man cornea
along ia a Birks' Watch. A Birks' Watoh is aa
trustworthy as it is beautiful, Nothing else is so
serviceable, or so pleasing a reminder of former associations as a Birks' Watch.
In every style, and at almost any price desirod. The most
modern ideas of engraving. We are pleased te shew our
watehos, whother a purchase is made or not,
Oeo. E. Trorey
Managing Dir,
Oranrille and
deorgia Sti,
"The House Behind the Goods"
Deeds reveal the station of the man, no matter
what the tongue speaks,
My method of construction is perfected according
to thc fundamental principles of dental science.
AU plates are theoretically
correct and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
eaae of articulation.
Open ETMingi 7 to 8 o'clock
Pent*. Much ia Attendance
Corner of Robson Stntt
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Se/. 62SB
Don't forget OUB advertisers.
If   you   want   your   motorcycle   or
bicycle    overhauled    or   repaired   at
reasonable prlcee, pay ui a visit.
We buy and self used machines of
all kind*, We ropair Hewing ma*
chinea. Lawn mowers sharpened. Get
our prlcea before buying.
312 MAIN 8T.  (near Hutlngi)
Seymour 27S1
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. end 7.80 p.m.
Sunday ichool Immediately following
morning Bervice. Wednetday testimonial
mentlng, 8 p.m. Freo reading room,
901-008   Birks   Bldg.
In Rainier Hotol Block
High-grade work promptly ox*
omited. Member of Watchmak-
ors' .Union   from   its  inception.
Dr. H. E. Hall
Oppoaito Sol-tin Blot*
latt But at A. 0. Bin-Mo Sepal
Don avail—si ansa
Theae Si;. 4011
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sim-
Bank* of Toronto
Aueta ovtr $100,000,001
■OtpMlU      79,000,001
Joint Saving. Aceount
A JOINT BftTlafO Aeeonnt mar ht
opened at Tht Bank of Toronto
in tha name ot two or mon
porioni. Ia thoao account! elttal
party may alga cheques or depot!
money. I'or tho different memben
ot a family or a Arm a Joint aoeonnl
fa often a treat conrenience. Intern!
ii paid on balaneaa.
Vaneouvar Branoh!
Comer Haitian ud Gambia Street!
Branehel at:
Vletorl*.   llarrttt. Haw Waitaliatai
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest pos-
. sible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Cm TOU sell our Sickness and Acel
dent   Policies I     The  coit   ii    mill
($1.00 per month and up), the benefit
Ib lnrge,
(All sudden, a nod every known  dis-
nase coverod.)
We give good service, nnd need good
men to represent ui in nil parts ot
British Columbia.
Merchants Casualty Ca
Bogere Bulldlnf      Vancouver, B. 0.
Wag up Fboiu Stymonr S3M tot
Salt* 801 Dominion BulMlng
VANCOUVEB, B. 0, FBIDAY...... June IS, 1919
Grocery Specials
For One Week
Commencing Friday, June 13th
Boyal City Tomatoes,
1_'s, per tin Hfte
Clark'a Tomato Ketchup.
per bottle  ....; 21e
Nabob Best Tea, por lb,   47e
Woodward's Better Coffee,'
leg. 85c, for. 40a
Paciilc Milk, per tin lie
Dr. Price's Baking Powder, reg. 45c, for   36c
Fraser Valley Baspbor*
ries, reg. 40e for 	
Fels Naptha Soap, per
Toilet Paper, large rolls.
Matches, 300, per box    8o
Skookum Shoe Polish,
black or tan  -    9c
Ramsay's Family Sodas,
per pkg.   23o
Som-Mor Biscuits, plain
or salted   18o
Lion Macaroni or Spaghetti, 16-oz. pkg. 18y_e
Sunmaid Seeded Baisins,
16-oz. pkg ISHo
Excelsior Dates, por pkg... 24o
Victoria Cross Currants,
per pkg.  15c
Bluo Bibbon Peaches,
por pkg.  *.  19e
Knox Sparkling Gelatine,
por pkg. ., 18o
Holbrook's Egg Substitute,
per pkg.  j.. 21o
Holbrook's Custard Powder, per pkg. 13>_e
Schepp's Cocoanut, por
_hg _.
Boyal Standard Flour,
24-lb _... 1.4S
Wild Bose Pastry Flour,
49 's ., 2.78
Holbrook's Ground Bice,
per pkg.  15*V4o
White Oloss Starch, per
pkg.  ...j. - llo
Benson's Corn Stareh,
per pkg.   13c
P. of V. Baking Powder,
per tin -  20o
. 12c
P. of V. Boiled Oats,
71b. sks «	
Castile Soap, per cake ..... 5c
B. C. Oatmeal Soap,
t cakes   23c
P. Q. White Naptha Soap,
per cake  7*t»o
Crystal White Soap, por
coke   7%c
Lux, por pkg. *.... lotto
B. C. Cleansor, per pkg, ..   5a
Bon Ami, brick or tin lie
Bcckitt's Blue, por pkg. ..   5c
Nabob Spaces, per tin .   9c
Malkin's Best Spices,
por tin t.  9o
Campbell's Soups, per tin 15e
Aylmer Eearly June Poas,
per tin 17o
Quaker Standard Peas,
per tin 15%o
Nootka Pilchards, per tin.. 17c
Chof Molasses, por tin ..... 19c
Waffle Syrup, per tin  45c
Aunt Dinah Molasses
 <* 22—12)ie
Domolco Molasses, por
tin _. 26»o
Choice West India Molasses, per tin  45c
Speeial Molasses, per tin .. 43c
Moutsorrat Lime Juice,   -*
por bottle ...*. 41c
Okanagan Cidor, per bot... 27c
Forest Cream Butter,
por tin   28c
Small's Maple Syrup,
por bottlo  72o
Solar Pineapple 24*^0
Maple Leaf Bartlett Pears,
per tin „. 33c
Quaker Pears, per tin 23c
Thistle Brand Fears,
por tin  j. 23c
Happy Vale Pincnpplo,
per tta 24%o
Libby's Pineapple, per tin 29e
Del Monte Pineapple,
per tin  *. 29c
White Lily Pineapple,
por tin   29c
blbventh YEAB. Ho.»    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tanoouvsb, b. a.
The Voice of English Labor
Send your old address with yout
new one when making a ehange.
Soft Drinks and
Fresh Cool Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick luqch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Your  Money's  Worth—
"Gold at a basis of exchange
kai uttrrlr 'ailed. . . THE
IQUITI8T iayi that the anlt
muat be ono hour of adult human
labor. ... An hour for hour
pnrchasluB unit. Wo recommend
our readora to atndr THI WI-
TIBT plan."—Winnipeg Western
Labor Nows.
91,00 *> rtirt 11.50 oatildt tbt
V.8. Box 96, Lon|D»nch, Wub.,
Por Bent at 632 Pilot St—First
class cabin apartmonts, furnished
for housekeeping, except bedding
tnd utensils; inside sinks, and electric light. This is a clean and quiet
.place, suitable for men who ean afford to pay a littlo higher rate than
is charged for eome cabin apart
A rood pUno for less. 8*re money
•ad buy s good piano at loweit price
from ui.
826  Georgia W.   (Opp.  Courthouse)
Today we answer the telephone at
"Jonei A Company, Mr. Smith speaking," or "This is Mr. Smith's rest-
It Is conslie and definite, smacks
of efficiency and eliminates uncur-
The person calling too, replies
with, "Mr. Brown winhes to talk with
Mr. Smith." These are the telephone
"introductions'* of today—and ther
make for good servico all around,
B.  0.  TELEPHONE   CO.,  LTD.
To members of any union In Canada
a special rate for The Federationist,
11.35 per year—If a club of 10 or
more Ib sept In.
Telephone Sey. 1041
Saili, Tentt and Awnings
Toamateri* and Oaipatterl'
Eitlmatea given on canvaa work
10 Sub. Cards
Oood ftfr ont year'i subscription to The
B. C. Federationist, will be mailed to
any address in Canada for 91250.
(Good anywhsra outside of Vanoouver
elty.)  Order ten today. Remit when sold.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We deserve Trade Union patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or        622 Pender West
THItOUGH Mount Bobson and Jasper Park* across the prairies
through tho most fertile grain bolt in tho world to Winnipeg,
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec.
CONNECTIONS at Winnipeg and Duluth for Central States, at
Toronto and Montreal for Eastern States and Atlantic^ ports.
FINEST TRAINS, Electrio lighted, Standard and Tourist Bleep-
iiiE Cars, also Dining Cars. ,
For Rates, Tickets, Literature and Information, apply w
605 Hastings St. W„ Vancouver, B, 0. Phone Soymour 2432
(London Daily Herald, April 21) '
The number of men and women
captured * * * or arrestod during
the flrBt weeks of May amounted to
90,000. Of those, between 15,000 and
20,000 were shot out of hand without any form of trial.   *   *   *
Over 200 women were taken out
early one morning in the second
week of May * * * and mown
down in a bunch with machine guns.
* * * Thore remained at th,e beginning of Juno about 74,000 male
and female prisoners.
These wero confined throughout
the summer and autumn in prison
camps, where they were subjected
to a regime of almost incredible barbarity.
Thousands Starved to Death
Thousands were starved to death,
in the literal sense of the word. In
one camp alone, out of about 7,500
prisoners, all adults undor 50 yeara
of nge, 2,851, died in four months,
only about 10 por cent of these
deaths boing attributable to disease.
Altogether the total number of prisoners who died between June and
October from aetual starvation cannot have been leas than 13,000.
No, the foregoing is not an account of Bolshevik barbarities. It
is an extract from an artielo appearing in The New Statesman, and
relates to the "whito" terror in
Indeed, judging by the story given
'to the world by this writer, and by
articlos appearing in some sections,
of the American press from sources
which have always been found'
trustworthy, the barbarities of fhe
soviet government of Russia, as set
forth in a British Foreign Office,
white book, pale into insignificance
before the atrocities attributed to
the landed and capitalistic classes in
Finland. Indeed, the "white terror'''
eclipses altogether the "red terror,',
which assumes puny proportions in
Execution^ Galon
Take the military executions
....alone. As compared with 1,000
lives destroyed by the red terror, we
have 30,000 as the sum total under
the white terror.
But the worst barbarities of all
are in progress at the present time.
The white government, we are assured, is systematically torturing
men and women with a View to extracting from them information.
The tortures inflicted in the Spanish inquisition period are as feeble
rushlights beside theso deviltries.
This is ono of the methods—ponder over it—lot it sink in:
A man is flogged till he becomes
unconscious, with a short length of
electric cable. A woman is flogged
in the samo way. And the excuse
set forth, when protest has been
made, lias been: "Thore are still
red plots going on, and it" is necessary, in order to save tho country,
to discover all their ramifications."
British Tommies Shot at
Dawn to Satisfy Officer's Bloodlust
This ia a truo story of British military methods in tho field. Wo abstain from giving full details since
we do not wish to cause unnecessary pain to the relativos of thc
mon concerned, but all the facts—
supplied by an "eye witness," an
ex-N.C.O. of tho B.E.—are held by
the London Daily Herald.
, Scene One,
A little French village behind the
British linos on an intensely cold
January night; a foot-thick mantle
of snow covering the earth; and the
scone lighted by a steely moon. The
hour is near midnight, and in the
distance is heard the incessant thunder of the guns.
Down the villago streot there
comes a file of soldierB, with rifles
at the slope, and bayonets gleaming
in tho pale light of the moon. Thoy
wheel into the yard of a farm allocated to the military police, and
are'promptly ordered into triangular formation, Ten minutes lator a
luxurious car arrives with four British officers.
Shot at Dawn.
More ordors; then from a barn
close at hnnd emerge threo handcuffed men, who are led bofore tho
company. The senior officer pompously unrolls, a document, and by
tho aid of a flash-lamp reads tho
confirmation of thc death sentence,
and decrees they bo shot at dawn.
A gasp from ono poor trembling
devil—tho other two remain stiff
and impassive. . . • The officer
quickly rolls up his paper and makes
for thc car; tho condemned men aro
led back to the barn, and the soldiers marched away.
Poor Devils of Scapegoats,
The three condemned men had
been in tho lino for eighteen
months, and their battalion had suffered very heavily. At tho time of
their alleged crime they were in tho
trenches at Arras, and owing to the
frequency and success of German
raiding parties the staff were getting alarmed, and were determined
that if these raids wero not ropulsed
somebody would be "for it."
A particularly successful foray
led to, an official inquiry, and several N.C.O.'s and mon wero placed
undor arrest and tried by court-
martial. A sergeant and two corporals wcro decided upon to pay tho
extreme penalty, and were senton-
cod to bo shot for cowardice. Two,
if not all, were married men with
The Human Sacrifice.
A piercingly cold duwn; a crowd
of brass huts; the medical offioor,
and throe firing parties. Throe
stakes a few yards apart, and a
ring of sentries.
A motor ambutanco arrives convoying tho doomed men—tho same
car that will shortly bear away
thoir lifelong bodies. Manacled and
blindfolded, they are helped out,
and tied with ropes to a stage. Over
each man's head is placed an envelope.   .   •   .
At the sign of command the three
firing parties, twevo to each, align
thoir rifles on the envelopes. Tho
officer in charge holds his stick
aloft, and aB it falls thirty-six bullets swiftly usher the souls of the
condemned men to -tho great unknown.
"Assassins Anglais."
But not quite swift enough. The
aim of the firing parties is not quito
steady. The medical officer quickly
examines oach victim, gives a sign
to tho officer, who with his revolver
coinplotg the ghastly work.
With almost furtive colcrity the
scene is swiftly cleared.- As the
nmbulance conveying the bodies
pnsses through the farmyard,
Murthe, the old domestic, reverently
makes the sign of tho cross and
mutters between broken sobs, "Assassins Anglais,"
Junes Bruco Not Guilty
Seattlo.—Jnuios Bruoe, first of the
twouty-scven radicals arrested following the February genoral atrike
hero to be triod, was doclared not
guilty of criminal anarchy by a
jury'injhe aupcrior court here this
woek. Tho state based its ease on
the fact that Bruce was an I. W.
W. organizer and therefore in a
conspiracy to overthrow the government.
Whore is your union buttonf
Plague and Famine Are
Rampant Throughout
British India
A full statement of conditions in
India, described as "unparalleled
elsewhere in thc history of the
world," wo recently prepared and
made public by the India Famine
Fund Committee of Canada, of
which Donald A. Cameron, manager
of thc Canadian Bank of Commerce,
is honorary treasurer. A summary
of the statement appeared in To'-:
ronto Times, Globe, Mail and Empire on April 24th and 26th. It no
sooner appeared than it was suppressed by the authorities.
Tho formal appeal, now suppressed, reads in part as follows: w
1' Appalling conditions prevail
throughout India. Thirty-two mil-f.
lion deaths have occurred already.
150,000,000 are on the verge of starvation. Plague and famine are rami*--
ant. Death stalks through the land1
taking its toll. The existing conditions aro unparalleled elsewhere in
the history of the world   ,   ,
"Tho poor have caton all their
food and thousands upon thousand*,
are reduced to snch a state that they
are nothing but living skeletons. Thc
conditions are indescribable and
"Tho cities are peopled by emaciated humanity. Traffic has ceased,
mails aro undelivered and businoss
is at a standstill   ....
' Unless thc peoples of the world
and governments pour help into India by immediately cabling relief,
millions more British subjects will
die, and the world will bo shocked
to know ihe terrible results of their
procrastination and selfishness."
Attached to the appeal are tho
names of 29 representatives of religious, philanthropic, nud commercial
institutions who compose the famine
fund committee.
Conditions in India are inconceivable by the avorage mind. The number of people estimated to havo died
within the past few months amount
to one-third the total population of
the United States. Added to these
are the disasters of the Indian revolution, in which innumerable helf-
starved and half-naked meu, women
nnd children, armed with nothing
but bamboo sticks, havo lost thcir
lives before British machine guns.
British aeroplanes have bombed
them from the skies; in one city,
states tho London Herald, twelve
persons woro flogged in the public
square for destroying governmont
notices; tho London Tinios of May
Uth reported that even a thirteen-
year-old boy of Delhi had been arrested for seditious utterances, and
because ho had said that he was a
follower of Gandhi, the great passive resistance leader,
ICant-d* rood Board:
:   License 8—1855   :
Are You Aware
that you can get the but quality,
Grocerios at a saving if you shop at
The Marketariaf Give ae t trial
and I'll convince you.
Fancy Creamery Butter, extra     'I
special *|   An
3 lbs _ <4>i*<9y
Tea, the finest Orange Pekoe blend,
regular 75c. My Brt_»
prico, lb  OUC
Boyal Household Flour,       * X__m
small sacks for - "luC
Full Cream Canadian 9i_f_t'
Cheese, special per lb O fl C
Lux, spoeial .... | £\_%
per pkg  1UC
Crisco, extra special QC__
lib. tin. OOC
B. C. Frosh Herrings ng
3 tins ...*__UV
Bit Dyes, speolal o ft
3 for   ImOQ
Oold Dust, large 0*_f
pkgs. for — «-OC
Castile Soap, OK_»
9 bars for   £OC
Boot Polish, ".*in-l"and     _(___
"Nugget," per tin  1UC
Freah and Cured Meat* Bejonably
S. T. Wallace's
ns HAi-rnrai it. w.-bey. isce
p UT DOWN the high cost of living.  Cut out the profiteers who are upholding the price ef
^ chandlse.   Trade at Liberty Store—Vancouver's great Bargain House—the Store for the worfc
ingman. We buy bankrupt stocks at 60c on the $, and seU them direct to laboring people at less than
wholesale cost. Make this big store your shopping headquarters.
Special sale of the bankrupt stock of S. Glazen, of Victoria, B. C.
Men's    fine    Shoes,    regular    to
all sizes .
200 pairs' of fine Boots,* values to
$0.50; all sizes; <£•> QQ
 now spJ.S/O
Grade    Boots;    values    to
now ..
450 pairs of fine Boots, America's
finest brands; all sizos; values to
now ...
A thousand Hats to choose from; all
aim, all colors, latest stylos.
♦3.00 Hats, all sites, *-|   AQ
$5.00 Hats, latest styles, all *0 Ath
sises, no*  «)>-«"»'
(0.00 and »7.00 Hats, all sizes, neat col.
ors, newest styles; some £0 AQ
silk lined; now  «p.fi«90
Thirty doien Km Shirta, with soft
collars attached; ng.      **fCe>_.
*1.M, now • ** V
50c Blaak Box, now..:  Mo \
•H.OO Bilk Neckties. now,.-.*..-..J»c
closes Saturday at 6 p-m.    Shop
The afternoon crowds are terrific.
Penman's Underwear, all AQ.
sizes, reg. 41.75. now.. UOC
Stanfield's Heavy Bibbed Wool Underwear; reg. # | Atk
♦8.60; now  **•■»•*
♦1.00 Balbriggan Bummer
Underwear, now	
160,000 stock on sale at the mercy of the
Hartt Boots, Canada's best make,
rog. to *14.00; *7   JQ
now  .'.■. ..*9 I a*t^>
250 pairs of Fine Mahogany Tan
Boots, regular _£_ QC
J.12.00:   mnv  .tBOel/O
The entire balance of Oalladine'i bankrupt stock being told here at far leas than
wholesale cost.
Stanfield's Pure Silk' and Wool (not
mado of cotton from the "Fn
Fu" Islands as other so-called
sales are advertising) bnt a genuine $2.50 garment. *| AQ
Bankrupt sale at .... »leW
Hundreds of pairs of Children's
Shoes—Classic, Playmate and
other brands; all sizes at 33 por
cent, discount.
White Canvas Boots; all sizes for
women and children; about half-
Men's Fine Suits, values <fc1_l QE
to »27.50.   Sale price «Pl*te»7U
Big range of high-grade Suits, values to
♦35.00. -»1Q  Ct
Sale price  _.«P1«7.U«
Hand-tailored Suits, Canada's finest
brands; reg. to $50.00. <t«>7 OE
Sale price *?e_ I lOU
President Suspenders,
reg. ♦1.00, now. „.
♦1.50 Work Shirts,
Llama Wool Boi, reg.
♦1.00, now	
600 pairs of Fine Men's Trousers,
values to $6.90,
now .
Bankrupt Sale now on at Vancouver's Bargain House
a toon na ns
P. II     SHOP
.   EARLY. I
Only A Few Days More To Gear Out
The Whole Stock Root And Branch
Good Solid Leather Working
Boots—Reg. values $5.50,
closing out at less than
the wholesale $2,95
and Be Here Early Saturday and Coming
Week for Our Finish
McPherson'i Union-made
Shoes for Men $6.98
Here is your chance to buy
$10 and $12 shoes for. $6.95
Very seldom good union-made shoes like Mcpherson's are thrown on a sales table. Here
they are, $10.00 and $12.00,
Men's fine dress boots, in many styles and
makes, good regular value today at * a or
$8.00, going out at  .*$*.<*>
Men's box kip working boot, all solid leather.
Regular value $5.50, last closing-out     *. a*
Men's very fine boots, in many styles, lasts and
colors.  Regular values $9.00, clearing out at _	
Tell the Ladies About Our Finish—We have many lines that will suit them, in Sea Island, duck and
kid boots, at about half the price they will pay elsewhere.
As you will see by our price-cut, this is a real sale.   Come while the choice is good at
305 Hastings Street West PAGE SIX
•eleventh tbab. No. 24     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
..June IS, 1019
Pure Paints
642 Granville St
Paint Co.
Phone Sey. 6110
Unions to Federate
San Francisco—Tbo lahor unions
in the maritime industry on the Pacific coast are being formed into a
federation. The now organization
will include the sailors, masters,
motes and pilots ,marine engineers,
marine firemen ,oilcrs and water tenders and   the   maritime cooks and
,approximating      70,000
War, What Por?
Tho total Canadian casualties up
to May 1 were 212,812, of which
63,347 were killed and died from disease, etc., and tbe remaining 148.-
836 were wounded.
Don't Gamble With Your
Hard Earned Money
Are you a judge of food values I Do you know whit you
Uke to -Mtf Oo you reallie that when you order over the
phone, you take a gambling chance In getting the BEST for
the LEAST t
Do your own selecting] See what you buy! Fay for what
you get! A pnrcheie at the OAL-VAN MARKET Is the most
effective way to reduce the eost of llvlngl AU middlemen's
profits are eliminated! All frills incidental to the usual method of merchandising it cut out! You buy direct from the
producer! You buy at a price that saves you from one-third
to one-half your usual expenditure for foodstuffs!
Don't gamble with your bard-earned money—play a sure
thlagl Buy at the OAL-VAN MARKET und get a dollar's
worth for every dollar that you spend t
Cal-Van Market
Look at this Men's Balbriggan Suit $1.00
Work Gloves—Good ones,
too, for, pair 50£
Dress Shirts, Star brand,
big and roomy $1.00
Men's Light Sox, 3 pairs
for 501
Stanfield's Underwear is
sold for less than our competitors.
Stetson Hats, the newest
18 and 20 Cordova Street West, and 444 Main St.
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
310 Carral Street
We are still offering a good line of
50c Pipes.
Fellow Workers, do you know that
there are only three Union Cigar stores
in town now. Being fair with yourself,
don't you think the man who employs
Union labor from choice is worthy of
your support, ahead of the store you
have to make a closed shop of before
he will employ Union help?
Constitution of the One Big Union
As Adopted at theConference Held in Calgary Last Week
THE conference called for the'
purpose of putting Into effect
the expressed wishes of the
members of organized labor, as expressed by the referendum vote on
the question of forming the One
Big Union was hold in Calgary last
week. There were present representatives from British Columbia,
Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba,
and Ontario. The conference Bat'
trom Wednesday the llth, until
Monday the 16th inst., and drew up
the following constitution. Provision Is made for Bemi-annual conventions, the next one to be held
ln October of this year.
Modern Industrial society it divided into two classes, those who
possess and do not produce, and
those who produce and do not pos*
s. Alongside this main division
all other classifications fade Into
insignificance. Between these two
classes a continual struggle takes
place. As with buyers and sellers
of any commodity there exists a
struggle on the one hand of the
buyer to buy as cheaply as possible,
and on the other, ot the seller to
sell for as nfuch as possible, so with
the buyers and sellers o f labor
power. In the struggle over the
purchase and sale of labor power
the buyers are always masters—tlie
sellers always workers. Prom this
fact arises the inevitable class
struggle. ,
As industry develops and ownership becomes concentrated more
and more Into fewer hands as the
control of the economic forces ot
society become more and more the
sole property of imperialistic finance, it becomes apparent that the
workers, ln order to sell their labor
power with any degree of success,
must extend their forms of organization in accordance with changing Industrial methods. Compelled
to organize tor self defence, they
are further compelled to educate
themselves in preparation for the
social change which economic de*
vevelopments will produce whether
we seek it or not.
The One ,Blg Union, therefore,
seeks to organize the wage worker,
not according to craft, but according to Industry; according to class
and class needs. We, therefore,
call upon all workerB to organize
Irrespective of nationality, sex, or
craft into a workers' organization,
so that we may be enabled to more
successfully carry on the everyday flght over wages, hours of work,
etc., and prepare ourselves for the
day when production for profit shall
be replaced by production for use.
Workera of tht World Unite
Name: The name of the organization shall be THB ONE BIO
Membership: Membership In the
O. B. U. shall be open to all wage-
Executive Board: A General Executive Board shall be elected con*
slating of a chairman, secretary and
representatives of the various industries (number to be Bet by the
next convention).
The General Executive Board
Board shall be elected for a period
of elx months by and from the duly
accredited delegates attending conventions. The Executive Board
shall remain In office until their
successors are elected. The wages
of the officers of the General Executive Board shall be $40.00 per
week. Expenses of organizers
away from home shall be $4.00 per
It shall be the duty of the chairman to preside at all meetings of
the General Executive Board. He
shall have charge of, and be responsible for, the general administration of the organization.
It shall be the duty of the general
secretary to keep a true account of
all moneys received, and all moneys
paid out, he shall deposit all moneys
or cheques received by htm In euch
bank or banks as may be named by
the Executive Board; he shall be
at all times in a position to render
to the Executive (Board an account
of the financial condition of the organization; he shall keep the minutes of all meetings of the General
Executive Board in a book provided
for that purpose; he ahall pay all
bills when satisfied of their correctness, and shall sign all cheques; he
shall be bonded in a responsible
surety company tor the sum of five
thousand dollars ($5000) and the
bond shall be approved ot and paid
for by the General Executive Board.
The members of the General Exe-f payment of dues during sickness.
cutlve Board shall act aB general
organizers, they shall at all time*
be in active touch, and conversant
with, the Industry which they represent, and shall be at all times under the general direction of the
Initiation Fee: maximum initiation fee to be charged by local
units for new members shall
one dollar.
Shop Cards: Union Bhop cardB
shall be Issued to those local units
desiring same for display In such
places of employment where all the
employees are members of the
O. B. U.
Certificates: Certificates shall be
Issued to Central Labor Council and
District Boards and isolated units;
said certificates shall designate the
jurisdiction of the organization to
which they are issued.
This organization Bhall meet ln
convention every six months.
Convention calls to be Issued by
the General Executive Board.
The conventions Bhall consist of
delegates from Central Labor Councils and District Boards on the tol
lowing basis of representation:
One delegate for 2,000 members
or less, and one additional delegate for each additional 2,000 members or major fraction thereof.
All conventions of the O. B. U,
shall pool transportation of the
delegates. Transportation to mean
railway or steamship fore only,
Each convention shall fix the date
and locality for the succeeding con*
The General Executive Board
shall call a special convention with*
In thirty days upon receipt ot a de*
mand from three or more District
Boards or Labor Councils comprising a membership of not less than
16,000. The reason for such convention must be stated in the demand and Incorporated in the con*
ventlon call.
Recall: A member holding offlce
on the General Executive Board
must at all times maintain his credential both from his own local unit
to Central Council or District
Board, and from his Central CouncU
or District Board to the convention,
Any local unit withdrawing the credential of an Executive Board member from Local Central Council or
District Board shall provide state,
ment for reason for so doing, and
Central Council or District Board
shall Immediately make a full ^Investigation. Should the recall, aa
instituted by local unit be warranted the Central Council or District
Board shall then revoke credential
ae held by Executive Board member, and request Executive Board Jo
immediately All the vacancy, fyy
officer of the O. B. U. may be recalled by a majority vote of the
District Board or Central Labor
CouncU which sent said officer to
the convention. >,
The General Executive Board
shall fill vacancies occurring on said
Board by choosing a representative
from the same industrial division,
Meetings to determine the recall
of any officer, whether of local unit,
Central CouncU, District /Board or
General Executive Board must be
specially summoned, all members
being notified.
Locnl units, whose delegates on
Central Council or District Board
have been elected to membership,
on the General Executive Board!
shall fill vacancy on Central Council
or District Board by electing an
alternate delegate.
Per Capita: Per capita tax to the
General Executive Board of the
O. B. U. shall be ten cents per
month, which shall be paid through
the Central Labor Councils and District Boards where same exist.
Any organization not within the
jurisdiction of a Central Labor
Council or District Board may be
afflliated with and pay per capita
direct to the General Executive
Supplies: All supplies to he delivered to Central Labor Councils
and District Boards where same exist, said Councils and BoardB shall
be responsible to the General Executive Board for payment.
All supplies to be furnished the
membership at cost.
General Executive to issue a special membership card for members
sick, unemployed or on strike. Local
unions to be empowered according
to their own needs and circumstances to release members from
strikes and unemployment,
Official Membership Receipt
Each organization afflliated with
the O. B. U. must use the official
membership receipt unless exempt
by the General Executive Board.
The General Executive Board
shall isBue official membership receipt books in triplicate to the Central Labor Councils and District
Boards who shall distribute to their
affiliated organizations; tbe original
receipt shall be placed ln the member's folder; and all the duplicate
receipts shall be sent to the secretary of the Central Labor Council
or District Board, together with a
monthly remittance of per capita
tax; the duplicate receipts shall remain In the possession of the local
Tho following is recommended as
a basis for representation of affiliated organizations to the Central
Labor Councils. One delegate for
the flrst fifty members, or less, and
one additional delegate for each sue
ceeding one hundred members or
major fractions thereof.
No delegate shall be seated In a
Central Labor Council who Is not
a bona fide wage earner and a paid
up member of the O. B. U.
In small towns and in isolated
places where few workers are em*
ployed, they shall organize into one
unit, including all branches,
bers of these branches shall be controlled by central organization ot
the industry to which they belong.
All funds maintained by local
units Bhall be the property of the
members composing said local
Disputes and Strikes
Whenever any dispute exists
which the local unit affected can*
not settle through Its Grievance
Committee, the dispute shall he re*
ferred ln writing to their Central
Labor Council or District Board.
A Central Labor Council or Die*
trlct Board to whom a dispute has
been referred shall, through their
Grievance Committee, endeavor to
effect a settlement; failing a settlement the Central Labor Council
or District Board, If they consider
the dispute is of sufficient Import*
ance to the workers, shall refer the
same ln writing to the General Executive Board.
If any Central Labor Council or
District Board refuses to refer such
dispute to the General Executive
Board, the local unit affected shall
have the right to refer the dispute
to the General Executive Board,
Should the General Executive
Board consider a dispute of suffl*
tient importance they shall refer
same ln writing to the Central
Labor Councils and District
Boards. Should a majority of the
Central Labor Councils and District Boards vote In favor, the Gen*
oral Executive Board shall be empowered to call a strike of all
afflliated bodies.
Nothing ln the previous clauses
shall prevent any Central Labor
Council or District Board from calling a strike In their own district
or Industry, provided, however, that
any Council or Board calling
etrlke without the consent of the
General Executive Board, doeB so
on Its own responsibility.
Whenever a strike in any district
or Industry takes place, no member of the One Big Union shall handle directly or Indirectly any products of the Industry on strike.
Editor B. C. Federationist:
The following letter was refused
publication by the Daily Province:
Your correspondent, Irene C.
Dukes, is rather disappointing. One
would naturally opine, from the
pedagogic tone of her first letter,
that them had come to light someone with a sufficiently firm faith in
a certain line of action to, at least,
be a trifle more explicit
Such phraseology as la commonly
used by the average politician and
Buch panaceas as are put forward
by the average newspaper writer
may pass well enough on the atreet
and in the drawing-room, but they
are hardly becoming to one who
writes as one having authority, unless that one is prepared to give
reason for their faith.
We are continually admonished
to produce more, spend less, shore
profits, reduce the cost of living,
repose faith In committees, break
Commendable Values in Men's Clothing
Here are a few suits we would advise you to look at, supposing you are one of those men who has. a suit to buy
They are good suits—will give you excellent service. They look well
and as values will compare favorably with anything going in the
trade today.
A GREY WORSTED AT $32.50 is first choice. For the business
man it is an ideal suit, very neat and practical.
brovHi heather mixture. Wc don't think you can beat it at the
money. ,
WAISTLINE SUITS are requested by the younger set. Accordingly
we have at $32.50 one of thc best to be found anywhere. They
are made up in beautiful soft cheviot finished all wool materials,
in dark plain greys, heather browns, also dark toned with very subdued checks in red, purple and other colors that are used to relieve
the sombrehess of men's clothes.  Thc tailoring is faultless, the suits
p3t|SB(s '\aio\ iio.i yos Vbius « sabi| pus stiovjnq oai( ijit.n no%wtf
pocket, and the characteristic seam at the pinched-in waist from which
they derive their name of "waistline" suits. They are big value
for $32.50 and we can conscientiously recommend them to those men
who want to pay about this price for thcir suit.
—Men's Store, Main Floor.
David Spencer, Limited
up the trusts, increase competition
reduce competition, give liberally,
be economical and to assimilate
and to radiate a goodly share of
hope. Maybe your correspondent
can call to mind that a few years
ago we, in -British Columbia, were
very authoritatively assured that
all we required in this province
were more railways!
What, under the conditions, can
governments offer except "wordy1
statements or their limited powers
of action? No observations that I
have ever been able to make of the
actions of governments have ever
led me to think that they ever do
anything along lines of social betterment until forced by conditions
so to do. The government of Canada, when faced by the conditions
that confronted the British Government, will necessarily take steps
along somewhat similar lines and
they will not do so until then, notwithstanding the well meant efforts
of such ae your correspondent.
It appears to me that certain lines
of action follow certain stages of
development. If this is correct it
hardly becomes a student to bewail
the fact that here ln Canada we are
not doing those things that are be*
ing done at the present moment in
more highly developed parts of the
globe. If I am not correct in my
conception, in the opinion of your
correspondent, I shall welcome her
On the question of the unfitness
of the average teacher to shape the
minds of their pupils in matters pertaining to sociology I thoroughly
concur. At the same time lt were
better to leave them with open
minds than to All their heads with
the average jargon with which most
people rush into print.
If I may be allowed to make a
suggestion, I would make bold to
say that perhaps a little contemplation of the stages of social and economic developments in the respective countries will assist your -correspondent to determine "the next
stage in Canadian affairs" and
throw a little light upon "the national minimum" and the "materialist"
experiment in Russia. The sabotage
reported by Lunacharsky on the
part of the teachers in the latter
country would undoubtedly be duplicated here.
Vancouver, B. C, June 7, 1919.
Vancouver Unions
ecutive committee: Preaident, E.
Winch; vice-preiident, J. Kavanagh;
treaiurer, F, Knowlei; lergeant-at-armi,
W. A. Alexander; truiteei, W. A. Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell, H.
Outterldge;    iecretary,   V.   R,   Midgley,
Rwm 810 Ubor Temple.	
1 cil—Meots leeond Monday ln the
month. Preildent, J. F. McConnell; •■"'-
retary, R, H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 86
tlonal Union of America, Local No,
130—Meeta aecond and foarth Tueidaye
ln the month, Room 305 Labor Temple.
Pretident, O. E. Herrltt; aeeretary, 8. H.
Grant, 620 Cambie Street.
and Iron Ship Buildera and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—
lleeta overy Monday, S p.m. Preildent,
M. A. HcReebern, 1246 Alberni St.; eecretary-treasurer,    Angua    Fraaer,     1181
Howe   Street;   buiineai    agent,    J.
Moore, Room 213 Labor Temple.
and Reinforced Ironworker*, Local 97
—Meets seeond and fourth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 1846
12th Ave. East.
Loeal No. 617—Meets every lecdhd
and fourth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. Preeldent, M, McKen-
lie; aeoretary, J. R. Campbell; busineu
agent and flnanclal aeeretary, T. Thom,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
218—MeeU    at    440    Pender    Street
West,    every    Monday,    8    p.m.    President, H. H. Woodside, 440 Fender W.;
recording aeeretary, W. Foulkes, 440 Pender Btreet West; financial seeretary and
buslnesi agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street Weit; assistant aeeretary,
F. R. Burrows.
ployees, Local 28—Meets every first
Wednesday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday in the month
at 9:90 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
secretary and business agent, W. Mackensle, office and meeting hall, 614 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlce
hours;   11 to 12 noon; 2 to 5.	
era* Union—Meets Snd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apts., Burrard Street;
secretary-treasurer,    D.    J,    Snell,    910
Dunsmuir Street,	
with B. C, Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An Industrial union of all workere In
toning and construction camps. Head*
quarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey. 7889. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Butter
f Chlene, Vancouver, B. 0,
Association, Local 8852—Office and
hall, 804 Pender Street West. MeeU
first and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman; business
agent, P. Sinclair.
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meeta flrst and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; recording lecretary, Fred
Lilly; financial iecretary and business
agent,_T.  W. Anderson, 587  Homer St.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets aecond and fourth
Mondaya, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vanoouver; flnanclal seeretary, E. God-
dard, 886 Richards Street; recording secretary,  J.  P.   Ruiiell,    928   Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.     	
Fasteners,   I.L.A.,   Local   Union   :I8A,
Series 8—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tho month. Labor Temple, B p.m.
President, John Sully; financial secretary. M. A. Phelps; Business agent and
corresponding seoretary, W. Lee. Office,
Room 219j20 Labor Temple.
and Operating Engineers, Local No.
620—Meets every Monday, 7:90 p.m..
Labor Temple, President, Dave Hodge,
677 Richards Street, City; vice-president,
Frank Hunt, 1922 Second Avenne Weat;
iecretary-treasurer and business agents
W. A. Alexander, Room 216 Labor Tern*
pie.   Phone Seymonr 7495.
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No, 101
—MeeU A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleas&nt,
1st and 3rd Mondaya at 8 p.m. Preal>
dent, W. H. Cottrell; recording secretary, A, V. Lofting, 8239 St. Catherine*
Street; treasurer, E. 8. Cleveland;
financial aeeretary and buainess agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; offlct
corner Prior and Main Btreetl.
feur's Union, Local No. 666—Meets
every 2nd ahd 4th Wedneadaya 8 p.m.
President, W. M. Brown; bnalneaa ageut,
F. Haslett, 128 Fifteenth Avenue East;
financial secretary, Birt Showier, 1120
Robson Street; phone Sey, 8079. Offica
587 Homer Street.
tTpographical  Onion no. 226—"
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vice-
preildent, W. H. Youhill; aecretary-
treasurer, R. H, Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
In annual convention In January. Excutlve officers, 1918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Caaey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. Mc Murphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow't
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fornie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treaaurer, A, S.
Weill, Labor Temple, 405 Dunamuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
and Labor Council—Meeta firat and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pytblat
Hall, North Park Street, at S p.m. Preaident, B. Simmons; vice-preiident, T.
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Christie*
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. C.
era, Local 1777—Meets first and third
Mondaya In I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road Eait, at 8 p.m. Preaident, H. H.
Foster; financial aeeretary, W. C. Smith*
cor. Sutherland and Kieth Road Eut,
North Vanoouver,
has been approved of by the Government
DELINQUENT taxpayers may now pay one-
tenth of the arrears, plus the full current
year's taxes, and their property will be saved
from a tax sale. Those who do not pay the current year's taxes on or before the 30th of June,
will have 10 per cent, automatically added on
the first day of July. A long pull, a strong pull
and a pull all together will put South Vanoouver
over the top. You all helped save the Empire.
What about South Vancouver?,
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up.
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets	
...$ 25,000,000
-I 15,000,000
...$ 16,000,000
686 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weit Indiei.
Alio branohei in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain,
Twelve branohei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets,
Corner OranviUe and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weit.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Ave. West
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole,
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 28 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account on whicli interest is paid half-yearly
at ourrent rates.
Manager Vancouver Branch
C, W. -"RAZEE, Vancouver,
Snparrisor (or B. a ■MP
..June IJ, 1919
Men's $37.50 Suits
Selling Friday and Saturday at
This special offer concerns a
variety of fancy worsteds and
tweed suits in the newest
checked and striped patterns.
Many of them are selected
from our regular stock of
hand-tailored garments, and
include conservative three-
button styles and some particularly - smart single or
double-breasted "waist - line"
models for young men, and
men of irregular build may
also expect to be fitted from
this assortment. Reg. $37.50
values at $29.50.
$5.50 and $6.00 Trousers
at $4.75
An assortment of Grey Tweeds, Worsteds and
Whipcords of good appearance and splendid
wearing quality, in sizes 82 to 44. Regular $5.50
and $6.00 lines, epeeial at I4-/75.
Granville and Georgia Streete
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
MO Granville Stntt
IU Hastings atreet Wart
Phon Sqr- sn     Day or Hltht
Nunn, Thomson A Olegg
681 Homor St.  Vaneouvar, B. 0,
Named Shoes are frequently mads
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unlets
it boars a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All SHoo« without tbt UNION STAMP art always Non-union
Oo not accept any excuse tot Absence of tne Union Stamp
COI.IS LOVELY, Gonen.1 Prmidonl—CHAS. L. BAINE, General Sec.-TroM.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(Try our Pta Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
1001 MAIN STBBBT Phone Sey. 210
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that oheap goods ean only be procured
by using oheap materials and employing oheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
■—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Editor of the B. C. Federationist:
ln reading your last Issue of tbe
FederationiBt there was a communication from Mr. N. Booth, of
Prince Rupert, criticizing the address given in that town br Mr,
Woodsworth. I have had several
conversations with Mr. Woods-
worth, and In my opinion he is doing good work among a certain
class of people that some of the
more radical socialists cannot
reach, for one instance he Is working on Sundays in a socialist Sunday sohool, and If he can get some
of the children to attend and listen to simple economic questions
that Is some advance from the present Sunday school; also Mr/Woods-
worth haB spent practically all his
life in church life. Don't you think
lt In aome advance to leave tbat at
his time of Ufa and take the stand
he does both on the political and
the Industrial field as well. Then
If Mr.Booth has read Marx tie would
know that Marx says you will get
men and women in the movement
from all callings in life. You will
get men from the capitalist class,
from the middle class and from the
ministry and university, and they
will all do good, some wilt be very
enthusiastic, and when some of
tbem flnd the mass of people do
not see the light as fast as they do
they will get disgusted and quit
and lose hope, and others will stay
with lt to the end, and that jump
ln and out will do some good by
attracting others to the movement
of the people. It is much easier
to see the mote in the other fellow's eye than our own, not even
the Socialist Party of Canada and
some of Its members that claim tb
possess so much scientific knowledge as far as B. C. is concerned.
I believe the Socialist Party of Canada has been the greatest drawback the Labor movement lias had
in regard to industrial organization,
I know around here you cad be as
rank a socialist as you wish and
get a job, but talk union and you
walk the plank. The SociaUst Party in B. C. for years has been telling the workers the only way to
emancipation was to send men to
the halls of legislature and by
means of legal enactment vote yourselves into possession of the earth
and the means of wealth production. Does it look today as if you
are going to get it that way? Then
they told us that business and
wealth would concentrate into one
or two men's hands, all small men
would be frozen out and it would
be easy to get possession. Are
those ideas worklug out? There
are more small business men on
the earth today than ever there
was, and If they are the correct
party of tbe workers, how is it after about twenty yeara' propaganda
work they have no party? The reason Is they based all their energy
ou parliamentary action, whicb is
a part of the present system and In
control of the ruling claas, and the
working class refuse to be led and
are slowly finding out that their
emancipation lies on the Industrial
field, and are educating and organising their forces from that base,
and I think one of the greatest factors tn destroying the S. P. of C.
is practically in every local there
developed a few stovepipe philosophers. They wouldn't sit around
and criticize men tbat were doing
the spade work in the movement,
and they quit, and there are only
a few of the philosophers left to
denounce men as paliators who are
endeavoring to get better conditions here and more of that kind
of reasoning. Marxism, Marx allows for all men and women being
in different stages of mental development, and I believe practically all men and women connected
with the labor movement are ding
the best they know how; there may
be a few exceptions, but they don't
rule and we should give all of them
credit for being in the movement
with honest purposes until found
different. A READER.
* 'poaal that would try and compel the
lying traitors to withdraw instantly
the troops from Russia and elsewhere wherever they have been
sent to crush the workers. Suffer
we must, but better that tban be a
again coward. You may, perhaps1
jeer again. I would sooner still be a
Blave than be free, and know I was
so, at the expense of my brothers
and sisters' blood. I say again, it
will not hurt Labor so much, for
have they not always suffered, but
it would hurt the ruling class, in the
only spot, at the only thing they
care for, the stopping of labor power, and it would be the laBt step towards your freedom, besides saving
our comrades there to defy Labor.
It is the life thai preaches, not precept, bo if you preach like a Paul,
and live like a Bacchus, there is no
doubt about which will bo the sermon. Yours, who believe in aotion
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir:
Delegate 133 proposes to have one
delogate to represent each 100 men
thnt is in the camp when the general
meeting of the B. C. Loggers Union
comes off.
I can not seo how that can be
done with a camp of say forty men,
situated miles away from any other
camp. Surely the men in the camp
have a right to see the man that is
going to represent them at that
meeting, and they can not do this if
that man iB appointed in town. I
am delegate for fifty men here in
this camp, and if I,-go to town to
represent this camp, I will not allow
any one else to represent it. I know
what the men here want, and a man
who has not been in this particular
camp does not. This camp is several
miles from any othor camp, and no
means of communication with any
other camp, therefore we can not appoint any. one except a man iu this
I think it would be much better to
havo a delegate for each camp at
tho delegates' conference, and the
general meeting, and let that man
have a vote for each man ho represents. In my opinion, that is thc
only way that the men in the camps
can be really represented. As far os
the financial quostion. is concerned'
let tho delegates pay for their own
transportation. If a man will not
pay his own expenses for his own
emancipation, he is too' dead to represent any one. For my part, I am
willing to pay my own expenses, and
do uot want the assistance of thd
union in that respect.
Speaking for the men in this
camp, we want to know the mad
that represents us, as wo want to bi
sure that that man Ib living in the
presont and not in the dead past. (
DELEGATE 375, B. C. L.U.  '
Editor B. C. Fedorationist! I attended the mooting of tho Lnbor
Party held at tho Columbin Sunday
last, at the request of my husband.
I had never heard Mr. Kingsley, and
I wanted to. He certainly is some'
good speaker, and* can get home at
his hearers, there is no doubt.  I put
quostion, Bro. Lester was chairman, called it a speech; it may have
boen. It was this, "What is Labor
doing towards compelling the governments, with all their resolutions,
to withdraw their troops out of Russia, from slaughtering our helpless;
Buffering comrades." The answer
was joering, and you would suffer
first. I am a Hebrew Quaker, and
was born and raised n Bolshevist, in
other words, a Communist, nnd from
-generations bnck, havo and do stand
for equality freedom for all nations,
nnd no man to be governed by another. God, tho great Creator, is no
inspector of persons, then are wo!
am not ablo to pronounce your
good English language, but would
butcher same, that it would hurt
your cultured oar, or I would have
asked; Then your talk, ond songs of
freedom for your brothers, is a
sham. If you uro afraid of your
own sufferings, no cross, no crown,
no fight, no freodom. When Labor
has called big strikes, for more pay
und shorter hours, thoy have got,
for the time, until thoy will tako a
stronger by organizing more firmly,
ono step nuaro/ tho goal of our hopo
is better than none. Yet they will
do this for themsolves, but when it
comes to help thcir comrades, do
theyt Are ihey not put to tho test,
like ths church, and found wanting.
Because afraid of being mint. Human life and talk is the cheapest
thing we" have today, and yot in
spite of all the cries of our poor
murdered comrados, wo are told that
you must wait to overturn the governments, or voto thom out of power.
How long think you will this take!
Say tho nearest would be over a
month if all consented, In the meantime while we are waiting, the ruling class will barricade our comrades with a ring of firo and stool,
and oan, if no help is given annihilate thom off the face of tho earth,
who are fighting, not only for their
freedom ,but all the workers of the
world. Let me ask you, what would
be the good of our freedom from
slavory, at tbe expense of our persecuted comrades rs lives, when thoy
have caHed for help in vain, and yoa
would not hear, only to jeer any few-
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: The
other day I picked up a copy of
what ia burdened with the terrific;
title of "The Official Magazine, International Brotherhood Teamsters,
Chauffeurs, Stablemen and Helpers
of America."
If this js an average sample of
tho illiterate trash peddled out to
mombors of Sam Gompor's so-callod
unions, I don't* wonder that tho intelligent workers wish to break looso
from tho American Fedoration of
Labor. I should think twico before
I would join such a union. The editorials, written by a man named
Daniel J. Tobin, are on a par with
the awful rubbish written by our
own subsidized writors for the capitalistic pross, namely, L. W. Makovski, Jap Pee McTwaddlo and others.
The wJiolo of this "official magazine" appears to bo one long wail
against the One Big Union movoment.
I should dospair of tho working
cluss if I thought for a moment that
they could swallow such nonsense;
but I huvo a higher opinion of British Columbia teamsters, chauffeurs,
If I wero ever in favor of the absurd craft union idea, a glance at
Bro. Tobin'a editorials-would hnve
settled me. May I quote a few linos
from this man's childish protest
against the O. B. U, pngo 2:
"There is no argument that favors the One Big Union, excopt that
certnin discontented offico-seeking
individuals, who are looking for notoriety, and who want to mako thc
Labor movement of tho country tho
tail of somo political movement to
which they owe allegiance, are endeavoring to creato this rumpus in
the Northwest, and are thc only ones
who seem to favor it; yet, unfortunately, a great many of tho rank
and file, Innocent, honest, sincere,
trado unionists, listen to their harp-
ings on this question. Thoy say to
our locals in Vaucouver: What is the
use of belonging to the international'
down in Indianapolis, when we
might have one big union here in
thu Dlstriot of Columbia to look
after our own uffuirst" And so on,
ad nauseura,
The poor ignoramus who penned
the above iH evidently so flustered'
over tho prospect of losing his job
H8*'   *nd   th*   Federated   Labor
11 Tfrty, and both can and must do
q -pood work if the oause of humanity
is to be served. The cheap sarcasm
in which your correspondent hu in-
-ftilged is, therefore, quite inexcusable, and if he speaks for the 8. P.
Hit C, which I would be loath to believe, his attack appears to betray
a. spirit of intolerance in which
"pride of intellect and the vanity
of boing different" is all too evident. He speaks of consummate
twaddle and refers us to Karl Marx
who wag an infinitely bigger man
than his exponent appears to be. It
is a lamentable fact that a man can
read Marx "Capital," digest the
words and repeat them like a parrot,
and havo very little indeed of the
spirit of tho good master economist.
No one who really understands anything of economics can deny the
vital importance of knowing the
principle involved in the three great
Marxian ideas of "The Economic
Interpretation of History," "The
Class Struggle," and "The Law of
Surplus Valuo." But great though
those economic ideas are, Karl Marx,
Engels or any other "intelligent Socialist" laid down no law, aB out
self-made intellectual dictators
would appear to do, that these principles were the whole of life. This
would indeed be to reduce the human mind down to about 10 per
cent, of its efficiency. Are we to
leave out reference to art, to music,
to religion, to science, to psychology
and the hundred and one other factors, which constitute men's mentality, executivo, social, perceptive,
egotistic reflection and imaginative.
Mr. Woodsworth, the man referred to, as speaker at Prince Rupert,
has been man enough to resign from
the ministry, to quit a job he eould
not honestly fill, and to work hard
with his hands aB a longshoreman
for the laBt year or so. Can every
so-called Socialist show as clear a
record or is excuse made for dishonesty and moral jugglery that the
times are out of joint, and that itis
fair, right and honest to deal dishonestly with dishonest men, Morality
may be something apart from thc
economic problem, but I will trust
an honest hearted Socialist sooner
than a dishonest ono. A little less
self-righteousness on the part of
your correspondent would sit well on
him, ere he ventures to criticize men
and a movement evidently far higher in intellectual and moral calibre
thnu he can perhaps as yet be expected to understand. Intolerance,
narrow-mindedness, are poor weapons with which to convince the
world that Socialism Is a good and
proper principle to adopt. Rather
will tolerance, broad-mindedness and
cfiurity (or common every-day kind-
nbss) help to bring man into a fit
state of mind to listen to ,and to
comprehend tho Gospel of Socialism,
of wliich, according to some deluded
folk, Karl Marx was the solo emancipator, and tho final artitor in his
""Capital;' [ This book, epoch making in the economic phase of human
natures' needs ,supphes only part of
i\ie Gospel of a Full Life. The Harp
of Life is vibrant with a thousand
nulsing strings, of which the economic chord is but a part. Recommen-
"ling to our friend a spirit of toler-
■nco and good nature. Yours for
nmanity and Socialism,
new cantes, which are (1) inerease
in paper eurreney and (I) decrease
of goods. Some people think ttat
the more money there io in circulation, the better it is for the country.
But money itself is net goods. Itis
chiefly a means of exchange of
things and services. A great issue
of new currency depreciates the
value of the dollar, and raises the
cost of living. There is today a boom
in paper finance which means heavier taxes in the future. That is aot
good business.
Publie loans and heavy- taxes tend
to toke money and people away from
productive work, and thus decrease
the stock of goods and raise eost of
living. Also that cost ean be raised
very rapidly by the issue of much
new paper currency. These are probably the chief causes today.
H., that ho has got British Columbia
and the District of Columbia mixed.
m> I ,
He will very shortly find that the,
intelligence of the trade unionist* "
two terrible men, Lenino and Trotsky, are tyrannizing ovor tho hundred million or moro Innocent, honest and sincere Russians,
Editor B, O. Federationist: The
recent communication from Princo
Ruport, signed N. Booth, should not,
1 fed, puss ununswerod. Whilst tho
Federated Labor Party of B, C.
needs no apologists, thero aro somo
of your readers who may be inter-
'cstod in something more rational
than the diatribos launchod against
tho Fodorated Labor Purty by your
cstocmed corespondent,
The present is not the time for
those who lovo tho causo "*' Labor
to got at one another's throats, nnd
there is room in British Columbia
for both the Socialist Party of Canada to wniek your correBoondent be-foro
Looking Ahead
Editor B. C. Federationist:    The
masters and their government are
looking ahead to that time when
there shall be a huge ovorsupply of
labor looking for work, and that
timo is rapidly approaching. Whon
that timo comos, the workor who
will work for the lowest wage will
get the job. In those industries
when there are no unions thero will
bo found low wages, bad working
conditions and long hours. Sueh conditions mean increased profits for
the employor ,and so thoy would like
to see the unions put out of business.
Tho unorganized worker is quite
defenceless, he must take the employors' terms or he gets no job,
The workers with the aid of machinery they have built and raw matorial from the earth produco everything, but capitalism compels thorn
to surrender the biggest part of
their produce to the owners of the
machinery, the factories, mills,
mines, railroads and ships, otc. There
is constant conflict evor dividing up
what the worker has producud. The
workers share is called wages, as he
organizes iu defence of his wages.
Alono he is helpless. Trade unions
have helped iu the past, but. a stronger defonce is noedod now. The machines uro reducing the number of
jobs. The workers must make thoir
defence more powerful. Trade unions
must be banded together ,industrial-
ly for greater defence.
Industrial organisation will not
increase the numbor of jobs, but the
local unions will have greatly increased strength in its defence of
wages aud working'conditions when
it meots the employer through tho
induBtrinl organization.
And wen greater strength with
all industries allied together. Would
Mayor Golc legalize the strikebreaking jitneys if the working olass
of Canada collectively said they
must stopf
W. S.
A Visitor's View
Editor B. C. Federationist: The
better the day the better the deed.
I am a visitor in Vancouver and
district, have only been here three
weeks. The strike is on, and I am
interested and taking notes, and
faith I'll print them. Some publications in connection with said
strike are misleading and misrepresenting. Others are not a mile short
of boing cursed lies, if you will allow
me, sir, I will note one down and
that may suffice. It caught my eye
on a blessed Sunday morning, in a
paper, entitled "The Morning Sun."
Sunny Jim says, "There is no
change in the general appearance of
the eity," and on the same day I
could see the jitneys tearing to and
fro like wild fire, the Btreet cars
are conspicuous by their absence,
there are a few more police dodging
around, also a few specials in red
jackets, and two machine guns placed on the Drill Hall, and yet some
one is allowed to put such balderdash in one of your local papers.
Your mayor allows it and I suppose
your ministers of the gospel won't
say anything against it ,and to -my
way of thinking those guns placed
whore they are is provocation to
those on strike, and it seems to me
an invitation for the strikers to
start a row, so as the red jackets
and soldiers could have something to
> on with.
If Mayor Gale would give orders
quick to havo said guns removed
and put out of sight, I believe the
strike would be settled sooner, when
I was down looking at these guns I
questioned two men who wore there
on sentry duty as to the meaning of
such being placed so securely and
so conspicuously. They smiled and
replied they did not think they
meant much but they were there.
Another soldier who was listening
came out and told me thoy were on
a government building and the authorities had the right to decorate
such as tftey thought fit. A boy who
was standing listening tb all tho outs
and ins of the conversation looked
me straight in the face and says,
"I waat to ask you a question,
Mister." "Go ahead, my lad." Hia
question wu this:
Did I ever know a good mayor of
a eltyt
B. C. Federationist Daily Paper Fund
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Cut out the above coupon and mail tke amount you wiih to contribute
to the fund for the purpose of establishing a daily paper for B. C. Receipts will be acknowledged from time to time in The IVderotionist.
Minimum Wage Board
Province of British Columbia   *
NOTICE ia hereby given that
pursuant to Chapter 56, of the
Statutes of 1918, boing the
"Minimum Wago Act," a public
meeting will bo held at the Provln.
The lad waa only 13 years of ago,
and I feel sure he will be a man
before his mother, to make a long
story short, I sincerely trust tha
striken will win iu every detail, I
believe thoy can by holding out
irmly and trust to each othor. It is
only a matter ot a week or so, no
excitement nor parading is needed,
stand together and victory is sort.
833 Hornby Street.
cial Court House, Georgia Street.
Vancouver, B. C, on Tuesday, tke
17th day of June, UU, at 10 a.m.,
for the purpose of hearing any per*
son interested is the establishment
of a minimum wag* and houtt ul
conditions of labor for womon engaged in the Telephone and Telegraph Occupation, whicli includes
tbe work of women operators II
telephone and telegraph establishments and exohangw, including
thoso engaged in such occupation in
public and private offices and at
publio and private switchboards."
A cordial invitation to be preaent
ia extended to all those wko desire
to be heard on tke above question
before a minimum wage and houra
and conditions of labor are determined.
Minimum Wage Baaed fir tb* Pot-
inoa of British Columbia.
J. O. UemVBN. Chairman,
Buy at a unloa tton.
The Oost of Living
Editor B. C. Fedorationist At presont, people do not seem to notlco
os president of tho I. B. of T. C. &. hon tho recent iwrao of quantitios of
new pnper money and publie bonds
"jus affected tho pricos of goods and
he cost of living.
r Prices of goods depend on the
ratio existing between tho quantity
of British Columbia is not quite the" «f  money  in  circulation  and  the
same brand as that which prevails- quantity of goods for sale.  We must
paider both, money and goods.
On new gold fields, where thoro is
...muck money, but few goods, the
Bro. Tobin Videa socmB to be tkafr c08t of living is always high.   An
w „.,«_.,. i  inn,in.u ,,rn twiaA^ ucroafle ia the quantity of _
X jmouey in circulation has the same
,        * -4  flTcet  as  an  increase  in  the  gold
Columbia before them like a lot o$ .apply.   It raises prices and cost of
sheep.   Intho same way that those; fflving, but there is this differenco,
in the District of Columbia; ho is
evidently not familiar with the B-j
C, brand.
Bro. To  (>
a few radical leaders are driving grease "in the quantity "oT'paper
tho thousands  of  innocent, honest/
sincere, trado unionists of British
gold is an asset, bu tpaper currency
is a public liability. During and
ainee the war, the government and
tho banks have issued much new
paper monoy in connection with
payment of troops and govornment
workers, and the finouciug of publlo loans. At the same time, the
withdrawal of mon nnd monoy from
ordinary production for military and
other government purposes, has de
crensod tho stock of goods, This increnso in pupor monoy with decrease
of gooda has depreciated the value
of the dollar, and raised the oost of
Prnflfppring and tho tariff arc
blninod today for the high coet of
living. They may be partly thc
cause, but both of them existed in
Canada beforo tho war, when the
cost wns comparatively low, there-
piTstMit hiirh '■"■■l is due t-o
We Employ ONLY Union Men
For fifteen years, merchants of Vancouver and throughout B.C.
have enjoyed a service of quality engravings and commercial
art unexcelled the world over.
518 Hastings Street West PAGE EIGHT
eleventh tear. v.. .4    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
...June 13, 1919
Here's the answer
Can you tell all-wool
from part cotton?
Good tailoring from
Ask for this label; it stands
for all the things you want
in clothes; when you see it
Hart, Schaffner & Marx
Clothes that save
$25 $30 $35 $40 $45 $50
One-Fifty-Three Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Why not join tbe "law and order
league'' ana got bold of a gnu or
club which will probably bo handed
out to the membership! It will be
tbnt many less to attack workers
When  through with   this papor,
pass it on.
See That Your
Baby Has An
Equal Chance
If mother cannot nurse
baby, see that it hae an
equal chance .or health
and strength enjoyed by
the breast-fed baby. Valley Dairy Improved Milk
will assure your baby of
this chance.
ED MILK comes from J. M.
Stoves' famous herd of Hoi-
stein Cows. Your dootor will
tell you tbat Holsteln Milk is
nearly like Human Milk, in
structure, quality and quantity of fats; and in the naturo
of ourda formed. Holsteln
Milk contains this fat iu the
form of small, even globules,
wblch produco flaky, tender
eurds. These are easily taken
eare of by digestive juices.
In otber Cow's Milk, tbe et-rds
fort-aed ire ooirie sad ho.vjr.
fetb/'l delicate Blemsoh orsene
-Mono, dieeet theee hesvier, tet*
Iter alike. The beby becomes
irelfil, hea Indigestion snd le prevented from gsinlng in strength
and health.
Phona Bar. W3. We will ba
glad te leave you a few trial
bottles, and you baby's gain
In strength and health will ba
you mwu4 and onr proof.
Headlining tho new bill of vaudeville at the Pantages, opening with
the matinee performance tomorrow,
will be the Teeter Septette, said to
bo one of the mont remarkable acrobatic aBts now beforc the public.
For the special ndded attraction
Manager Pantages will bring on the
famous Olga Sawaroff Trio, in what
is said to be a rare mimical theat.
Violin, cello and piano are the instruments employed.
The bill also promises somo good
fun in the offering of Cook and Lor-
enz, comedians, who aro known as
"The Two Millionaires.''
For the' ohildren and also the
grown-ups there will be Sshepp's
Comedy Circus, featuring some wonderfully trained dogs nnd monkeys.
Josephine Davis is a versatile
comedienne, who ii declared to have
a delightful mixture of mirth and
Arthur Lloyd, the humorous card
indei, has somo new ricks that are
expected to amuse and interest.
To Civic Employees.
Civic employoes are needed, to act
as pickets.   Voluntters are requested to report at   Boom   218   Labor
Bay. 553
The Canadian Manufacturers' Association takes great pleasure in announcing that it is Labor's best
friend. There is no doubt about it.
That is why wo are wary of it. It
Ib generally your best friend who
stings you good and proper when
you least expect it.
j It seems funny that so many people will sympathise with the person who gets hurt whilst seeking
trouble. A man mounted on a Aery
steed and facing an antagonistic
crowd is simply seeking trouble
when ho deliberately geta into that
Why Keep
1T is certainly folly to keep
* a decaying tooth in your
mouth, tainting your food and
poisoning your stomach. It
is not an ornament, nor is it
an instrument of utility. It
is worse than nothing. If that
tooth has gone too far in de*
eay to be either filled or
crowned, it should be removed. Why do you keep itf
Is it because you fear the
dentist! You should know by
now that modern dentistry
has removed cause tot that
fear—not only in regard to
extracting but all other dental
work besides.
My pttiauts do not fesr
-rlthtr my ohslr or my
Dr. Lowe
Flue Datlltry
Opposite Woodward's
Unsettled labor conditions
have not altered our policy
•»vt firmly believe in the honesty of workingmen.
—we evidence this belief by extending him liberal
oredit on olothing—giving him his suit on pay-
went of a small cash deposit and balance in small
weekly payments.
—-we treat all business with our customers as confidential and give you oredit without "red tape."
On tbe above basis we offer you a flne line of Hen's Suits—
good material—good workmanship—good style—good fit—und nl*
a right prioe,
$25 to $50
New Bom*
Record Crowd Listened to
a British Socialist
Last Sunday
The "biggest crowd evor" attended the Coumbia on Sunday night
to hear thc British Labor man and
ex-parilamentarian Thomas Richardson, who has recently come to make
his home in the golden west, and
was thus in a position to address
his audience as "fellow citizons."
Comrade Trotter, as chairman, referred to the Vancouver World's recent insidious attompt to "damn
with faint praiso" the veteran who
was coming to throw in his lot here
—who had, in fact, already come,
though the World didn't know it.
Comrade Richardson on his part admitted he was no orator, but would
continue to do such "spade work"
as his talents enabled him to do.
For a mun who was "no orator,"
ho did remarkubly woll. Deliberate
and impressive, with an entire absence of "flre works," he held his
large audienoe from start to finish,
though the numerous questions whieh
followed his address plainly indicated that tboy did not nil see with
him eye to eye. Tho promptness and
brevity of his replies was a notable
feature in hiB favor.
He quickly -drew a round of applause when he stated that "the I.
L. P. in tho Old Country is a Socialist and international organization;"
and another when ho explained that
he was "one of the small minority
of the labor party who refused to
countenance the Coalition govornment." Referring to tho upheaval
in Canada and all over the world,
"the spirit of discontent and revolt" that was overywhere manifested, he remarked that '' the
forcos of labor have been disciplined
as never beforc." At Winnipeg, in
particular, ho noted the disciplined
mind and sound judgment displayed
by the workerB in pursuit of what
they held to be their inalienable
right; and expressed the hope that
the same intelligence, wisdom and
good sense would characterize the
movement in Vancouver.
Touching on tho great war, he
waived any enquiry aa to "its
cousob, preferring now to treat it as
a matter of history; nevertheless,
be submitted, "If we had played
our part as men aud women in earlier times, this catastrophe ought
never to have happened." Some of
them had predicted that the inevitable sequence" and result of the institution known as capitalism was
militarism, imperialism and jingoism; and that, sooner or later, war
would come of it. (Applause.) Thoy.
were out to attack the syBtem that
not only meant the economic bondage of all the workers and tho negation of liberty; the effect of capitalism, even to those known as the
bulwarks of society, was demoralization. Therefore, in attacking it,
they were endeavoring to bring tho
opportunity for a full life, not only
to tho disinherited, but nlso to the
favored members of society.
Por four years and a hnlf they had
been living in a land of lies, with
the press giving day by day a minimum of truth and a maximum of
falsehood They had been told thnt
in the Old Country the class-lines
no longer existed*between the aristocracy and tho disinherited; thnt
all wore living together "in the
same living-room, if not in tho samo
bed-room." (Laughter,) But many
of them had had their doubts about
it. So they had been told that, when
this, war was over, there was going
to be a now earth—a new order of
society. Some of them, however,
said: "We aro not only sceptical; wo
don't believe it.'' (Laughter.)
There had been constantly camouflage by editors and politicians, und
sometimes ulso by labor leaders; but
whilo tho masses were allowing
themselves to be hypnotized, capital
ism had been entrenching itself day
by. day. Never had there been a
period whon so many wealthy men
were made as in the last four and a
half yoars. (Applause.) Tho knowl
edge that the professions mado were
not to be implemented formed ono
of the bed-rock causes of the present unrest.
Thc object now was to build a new
order of society, providing for not
only the physical necessities of Hfo,
but mental -dovelopment and education. It was necessary not only to
perceive effects, but to understand
causes. "There arc some even today who talk about tho laws of
supply and demand, and say they
are like the laws of the Modes and
Persians," he exclaimed. "In the
matted of food, the law of supply
and demand haB been held in abeyance. " The food problem wbb lit-vge
ly fictitious and manufactured. Similarly in the coal mining industry,
pro-war profits in Englnnd had heen
increased nbout four-fold. Capital
had reached that highly organized
state where, in any industry they
could mention, it could set ut naught
tho law of supply and demand. It
was nn elementury fact of capitalism tbat, as consumers, they were
bb effectually exploited ub tho producer.
The issue in the Winnipeg strike
bad been fought out in the Old
Country many years ago; for 30
years they had bad collective bargaining, covering all sections nnd
crafts in the mining industry, above
grouud nnd below. The politicians
here '' lived in ancient times."
(Laughter.) He considered the demands of the Winnipeg men very
moderate; it was for both thc workers and the public to bring pressure
to beer on the government und make
them come through.
It wus a terrible indictment
agninst Cnnnda to havo hundreds of
thousands of poople living undor
such conditions os to muke'it impossible for them to develop into
the best kind of citizens. That was
the inevitable result of capitalism;
to have a new ordor, they had got
to strike at the very root of thc
The speaker gnvo further statistics of tho mining industry, showing how capital had boon repaid in
dividends soven times over in 21
years, leaving as much again to add
to share vnlues or to distribute by
way of bonus. Bat he nddnd, "You
Hnd I have beeu parties to that system. Our complaint is tbat you have
boen bo indifferent, bo sluggiih, and
so quiescent in assenting." If they
would uso both arms of their organ
iiation, industrial and political they*
If You are
These WiU
Interest You
Model in Beach Cloth,
made in slip-over style,
with yoke back and with
smocking at front and two
large pockets. Colors are
King's Blue, Apple Green
or Bose, at $3.75 each.
Beach Cloth Smocks, in
Rose, Copenhagen or Reseda, made in coat effect
with fancy braided collar,
The White Linen Crash
Smocks are made with
bishop collar and embroidered in fanoy designs, blue, rose or reseda,
at $5.75.
Smocks of white linen
crash, round neck style,
and fastened on shoulder.
These arc embroidered in
French knots and are
trimmed with self material, in Copenhagen and
rose, at 86.50.
Embroidered Voile
Smocks, in Copenhagen,
maize or pink, with roll
collar, in contrasting
shades. These come in
slipover styles, at $7.50.
—First Floor
676'   ORANVILLE    ST.
could in ono decade secure ns nn inheritance to the next generation, not
only the common ownership of natural resources, but tho inalienable
right of tho worker to a voice in the
management of industry, (Applause.)
Rank and File Swamped
in G.W.V,A.-Men
Tear Up Cards
For the past week the officinls of
tho G.W.V.A. have been vory busy
enrolling every officer and non-commissioned officer iu tho employ of
the government so that they could
by orgunized gang methods pass a
resolution hostile to labor. The
scheme was successful, so we may
expect in the near future to see a
gigantic schism iu this organization.
Tho rank nnd file of the Winnipeg
branch have gone, on record as being strongly in favor of the strike;
and the Imperial soction of the local
branch, comprising some 300 men,
has taken tho samo attitude. So
bitter was the feeling of the members at the action of the officials
last night that scores were seen to
tear up their cards in disgust, as
they left tho building. A mass
meeting will be held in the near
future to give expression to the real
sentiments of the returned soldier-
American Revolution Waa Led By
"Rede" With Red Flage Flying
Remember when you read of the
"Reds" and the Red Flag, that it
waa a Red Flag tnat made the trip
up Bunker Hill, In the American
War of Independence in 1775. Was
it not Ben Franklin who said, "If we
don't hang together, we will hang
separately?" But the Revolutionary—(get the word)—patriots were
successful rebels. Reds, as tt were,
and became beloved of all the
world. The Red of to-day Is the
Patriot of to-morrow! Tlie American rebel has not turned out to be
an Intelligent rebel, but at the same
time he was opposed to British imperialism. He has since degenerated into the _same kind of "law and
order" animal that tags after the
Canadian brand of moneybags that
cunningly opposes worker against
worker in order that he may continue his life of leisure and luxury,
City Council Would
Rather Have Jitneys
Than Telephones
(Continued from page 1)
Strikers Should Capture
Powers Now Used
Against Them
Hundreds of labor men and women
hnvo secured scats iu thc city councils, rural councils, boards of guardians und school boards in Oreat
Brifain during the recent elections.
It has been one of the big surprises
in the Old Land, and has been referred to as tho growth of a Soviet
form of Oovernment. Hundreds of
these councils aro now under thc
control of Lnbor, aud is looked upon
as u powerful weapon for tho workerB in the struggle that is daily
forcing itself upon human society.
Workers of Canada should see to it
that they nnd their fellow men are
placed upon tho voters' list. Whilo
on strike, it will be an easy matter
to tuke a trip to the courthouse
and register. Do this at once so thut
when thc time comes, you will bc
able to help capture the powers of
government and prevent big busi
ness from using the samo powers
against you and yonr class that it is
doing today. Nobody can -deny that
the eity government is a stumbling
block against thc workors in tho
strike at thc present time.
Don't be fooled into throwing
your weapons nwny. The ballot is
tho biggest weapon that tho workers have in their every day struggle.   Register nt the court house.
Made of Irish Serge,
Fashion Craft make,
selling at $45
These are excellent
Thos. Foster & Co.
514 Granville St.
ai.-i ninety locui unions voted in
fnvor, 72 against. Tho total membership of the unions voting numbered 41,702. These figpros do not
Include Winnipeg, their votes being
tied up in thc mail. The following
officers were elected: Chairman, W.
A., Pritchard; secretary, V. R.
Midgloy; executive committee, R. J.
.Johns, J, R. Knight and J. Naylor.
.The next convention is to be held iu
'October. Full detailB of constitution are reported in another column.
Tho    sailors   reported    that   all
ships oxcept the ferries, including
pleasure steamers, were unfair.
Now Boilermakers Pass 1000 Mark
Tho- Boilermakers, Local No. 1,
reported more than a thousand membors, nnd the Painters reported that
tho, firm of Bishop ft McQnskill waB
working with u full staff nnd unfnir.
Del. Kavanagh urgi-,1 the organization of the Asiatics, pointing out
that tho employers did not look so
much at the color of a man's skin
as to whether he was cheap or not.
The question of the Typographical
Union not coming on strike wns discussed in view of the unfair presH
reports, and aftor considerable discussion it was decided to leave the
matter to thc strike committee.
Del. Winch reportod thut a local
office had been opened in connection
with the Loggers for the Chinese.
He also reported that Pat Burns had
let 15,000 pounds of liver get to
such n state that it-was being need
for chicken feed.
Del. Burns offered a motion to thc
offect lhat the workers bc urged to
get on the voters' lists in order that
the workers would be prepared at
the next election, which he imagined was not far distant. The motion was ndopted.
Makura Seaman Addresses Oouncll
A delegate from the Makurn addressed the council, on thc invitation of the president. He stated
that he was pleased to have attended the meeting and to see how well
the business was carried on. He
also stated that the flght which the
workers were carrying on here had
been fought in Australia in I9J3.
He said that he was n returned man,
nnd hoped that ull returned men
would line up with tho workers in
this flght. President Winch thanked the member of organized labor
from overseas, and asked him to
convey to his fellow workers down
under tho best wishes of Vancouver
workers. The meeting adjourned at
JU.H0 p.m.
How Many Beans Make $6
The rotall prices of common articles of diet, as given in the Labor
Oasette for May are interesting.
They are interesting to the consumer, but they are very interesting
to tke farmer.
Take one of the most common
foods on the workingman's table—
beans. In the middle of April, according to the government figures,
the following prices prevailed in
Britiah Columbia:
At Vancouver beans were 8 cents
per can; New Westminster, 10c;
Fernie, 12c; Neson, Se; Trail, 25c.
At the samo timo in April the
price of beans quoted to the growers here at Salmon Arm was 4%c
per pound, a price barely sufficient
to pay for the labor producing them.
Now, the variations in the above
figures are not due owing to any
fluctuations due to supply and demand. On the other hand it is
clearly evident that they.arc due
very largely, if not wholly, to a system of robbery which passes under
tho innocent name of business.
The man who drives up in an auto
to a rural bank, and at the point of
his revlover, holds up tho teller
whilo he rifles the till, gets his living in precisely the same wuy, and
just us the business man who makes
a lot of money at this game, is
praised by his friends and held up
as an example to the admiration of
the rising generation, so thc holdup man who can get away with a
big steal is looked upon with mueh
favor by his class. But there is
this difference, the hold-up man
doos not go to church on Sundav
and sing Sankoy's hymns through
his nose. He does not pretend to
the teller that he is collecting for
the dependents of aoldiers or any
widows' and orphans' scheme, nor
is ho supporting missions in the island of Walla-Woolloo. No, nol He
admits he is out to steal, S-T-E-A-L,
and does it Uke a gentleman, i nthe
open, iu broad daylight, whilst the
other guy rolls his eyes to heaven
and whilst he is talking to you
about tho bountiful favors of the
Almighty in granting him prosperity in his business, he takes your
wad, makes out a bill and a receipt
all according to correct business
procedure, and hands you the balance of your cash, if there is any.
Many people nro beginning to notice these things, muttcrings are
heard on the stroot, and even resolutions aro passed at meetings condemning profiteering, and calling
upon the government, tho police,
heavens, or the Labor Party to do
something. But it is ultra vires, as
the lawyers say, for the government,
the police, the heavens or the Labor
Party to do anything.
The government Ib composed
wholly of men who havo mnde the
legal robbery business a success, nnd
who have done it with nil its attachments of Sankcy's hymns and
donations to foreign missions. Tho
polico are servants of thoBe gentlemen, set to catch tho other gentle
gentlomen who don't sing the San-
koy hymns. The heavens are neutral, nnd tho Labor Pary doesn't
give a hoot.
It ib you, Mr. Man, you tho sovereign people (God forgive us) who
alone can do anything worth while,
and the only way to do it is to got
tho slnve habit out of your soul and
body. You are a subject of His
Majesty the King; you are a sub-
ject of Mr. Borden, and Mr. Oliver;
you are a subject of the lawyer, the
banker, tho press, the pmpit, big
business, little business, coal bosses,
railway magnates, sugar kings, flour
kings, pork kings, bean kings.   In
If You Need Smart Clothes—
BOTH ladle.' and O-snt'u Apparel is subject to thie
discount during June.   Act quickly while tlie selection is at its beBt.
- PLAN -
It will iolte your problems regarding clothes of the better
Und md give you the key to botter dreulng. ... A small
deposit down and balance on terms arranged,
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
OfpMlt. Province OfllM
«.J. 1381
All Boats now operating
other than the Ferries
Whether used for Picnics
or otherwise
fact, you have boen a subject so
long that you are subject to it.
You have never heard of it or
havo forgotten tho only true creed
that vine ever preached to humanity, it is this:
No man is good enough to be
any other man's master,
Get that into your noodle, and if
yon are a working man, if you nro
doing any just, useful and necessary
work in life, thon stand with your
class, with organized labor, aud
presently we shall be able to throw
all this profiteering rascality into
the discard, and in place of government of the people, by the press for
tho capitalist, we shall substitute
government of production, by thc
producers, for the producers.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell thom why you do so.
Another Blacklisting Outfit
Member.-* of the Loggers' Union
roport that the Pacific Mills Company of Ocean Fulls has instituted a
blacklist ngainst all employees who
curry a union card. This outfit hns
decided thut men seeking better
working conditions are a drawback
to profit-making, but it seems to
hnvo overlooked the fact tlmt men
who do not show union cards nre
often used to slow down production
by being dissatisfied with the conditions imposed upon them. Many
an outfit of this kind was put out
of business in the State of Washington by tho workers sabotaging
on the job, and tho sabotaging was
done so scientifically that not a
single workor wns harmed. The bos*
carried thc whole loss.
Patronize Federationist  advertisers and toll them why you do so.
Charles Thomas Gray
Charles Thomas Gray is being inquired for by liis brother, Wm. P.
Gray, 6 Clarcmont Court, Bunnell
and Ellice Btreets, Winnipeg, Anybody knowing hiB whereabouts will
do a favor by drawing his attention
to thiB.
Brewery Workers Ordered Back
Thc Central Strike Committee has
ordered the Brewery Workors back
to work. Tho Bodega Cabaret has
boen taken off the unfair list.
Meeting for Women
A woman's meeting will be held
on Monday at 2.30 p.m., June 16, in
the Grandviow Chambor of Commerce, Commercial Drive, between
Nupicr and Parker streets. Thc
strike situation will be fully explained.
Tho C.P.R. strenuously objects to
tlie deportation of aliens. It
brought Hi cm out here to build its
rnilrond and buy its land. It has
lots of railroad building to do and
plenty of laud to sell.
U. S. lubor unions are rallying to
the support of Canadian strikers.
Financial assistance is being for
warded to Winnipeg,
■,   Patronize Fedorationist advertisers*
-the best lines at prices you can't equal elsewhere
—needed by every worker
—invaluable for the motorist—every car owner should have
a pair in the tool box
—handy for the man when doing odd jobs about the yard or
house—saves clothing
"Western King*
—a famous line—known to workers throughout Canada—in
plain or striped—good stout material.
—known to every worker as the highest standard in Overalls
—made in Vancouver—good-material—strongly made.
—sold at other stores for $3.00
Guaranteed—Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back
'33-45-47-49. Hastings ShEast*.


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