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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 9, 1920

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$2.00 PER YEi
Prisoners All Condemn Trial as Being Unfair—Dick
Johns Gives His Views Before Sentence Is Pronounced—Says He Did the Bidding of the
Working Class—Recalls Incident in Trial
(By J. Russell)
WINNIPEG, April 8.—Sentence was pronounced on thc six
convicted labor men by Mr. Justice Jfatcalfe at thc assi/.c
court, Tuesday, April 6. Wm. Ivens, R. J. Johns, Geo.
Armstrong, W. A. Pritchard and John Queen were sentenced
to one year on each of the six counts of seditious conspiracy
and six months for common nuisance, sentences to run concurrently, making the term to be served by eacli in tho provincial
jail onc year.
ft E. Bray, found guilty of common nuisance, was sentenced to
six months in the provincial jai).
Beforo being sentenced, each of the convicted men, with thc
exception of W. Ivens, when asked if they had anything to say,
condemned the trial as unfair, and reiterated their adherence to
the principles of thc right of general strike and free speech.
CroM'ds of sympathizers thronged tlie court, and crowded the
halls, in the courthouse. They were orderly and took the announcement of Uie sentence without any demonstration.
That preparations had been made to cope with any disturbance, was very evident, judging by the squads of provincial
police and R. N. W. M. P. stationed iu the courthouse.
The convicted men while Availing for the court to convene,
conversed freely and light-heartedly with their families and
friends, and John Queen in particular kept thc relatives of the
prisoners, who were in the jury box, in laughter with his witty
\\\ A. Pritchard stated that he felt the same way as Johns and
went on to say that he was ready to go to jail to serve the sentence of the court, but I go to jail realizing that if a man is to
be true to himaelf he cannot then bc false to any other man,
he declared.
Alderman Queen referred to the
Deposition he and his comrade:, put
up when Mr. Justice Metcalfe was
•.ppolntcd to take charge ot the
tr.al, claiming that he could not
help but be prejudiced. He also
claimed tlmt he was convicted
merely because he waa on the City
Council and did not prove suitable
lo the Citizens' Committee.
Not »hi Strike.
Armstrong stated he was not on
itrlke, was not. a striko leader, and
tbat In his mind the law Itad been
given elasticity to cover his par
ticular etise. Andrews had, be said,
referred to his theories as sweet
(reams, hut had apparently changed hia mind now to protect hla
proporty interests.
Bray rapidly caused the court's
displeasure by stating: thut he had
not had a fair trial, and that the
trial and verdict was a travesty
on Hritish justice, and referred to
tbe judge as biased. He continued
by slating that the class struggle
had heen plainly shown in the trial
when well-dressed women had been
given reserved-seats in the court to
Kloat over tho suffering of liimseU
and comrades.
Mr. Justice Metcalfe told the convicted labor man, that he had just
committed a crime far more serious
than the offence he stood convicted
of, The utterance of the prisoner
lie suid, was onc uf the highest
crimes again.*! (he Judiciary of
Following the pacing of sentence on R. 13. Bray, A. J. Andrews.
K.C, asked his lordship to take action with regard to offences against
the court, committed by Bray,
He said that he wns tired trying
to uphold lha dignity of tbe court,
ALD. J. J. tiiull'S
who was acquitted in the Winnipeg
and would let Bray's contempt rest
until parliament could treat its
judges with ordinary courtesy. The
speech of It. J. Johns, who had not
spoken during the trial, was as follows:
The Court—R. J. Johns, have you
anything to say why the sentence
of the court should not be passed
upon you?
tt. J. Johns—Yes, my lord, I
have something to say, 11' you will
listen to me for a few minutes, seeing Unit 1 did not get an opportunity to sny .something during thu
T listened very attentively to your
advice on the question of securing
legal talent to defend us, and I
may say quite frankly before you
today, that I cannot say that I fully appreciate that advice at this
Wan Only  Spokesman.
I felt during that trial, that I
would have liked to have said
something on my own behalf. I do
not say now that had I.defended
myself 1 would have been a free
man today, but I do say this, that
T had a number of things on my
mind that I would like to have
given there. I feel I would like
to do so today, and I would hope
the court will bear with me for a
few minute*, In thc Ilrst place I am
charged with having a seditious intention and I wns brought Into this
court as a conspirator with my fellow workors. .Vow, r want to say
today that anything l have done
during my activities for the working class, I have done because thc
working class wished me to do that
—I mean that f wns their spokesman throughout. I could not he a
leader. I haven't thc material. I
am uot made that wuy. to be a
leader. The working class would
not accept your lordship, they
would not accept" Mr. Andrews, they
would not accept any Individual
whether you take him from Rus-
sia or the United Statos. Even
President Wilson could not inflict
himself' upon the working-class
movement. Yon must have that
psychology of the working-class
movement before yon are acceptable lo them, lu other words-, you
must at all times express their
wishes. That Is what I hnve done
without fear. I have done that. I
went to Montreal. Your lordship
will remember a letter was written—two or three letters—I wrote
them. They were signed "Dick,
I wrote them to Russell,       ^
Address Russell.
I admire Russell. I admire Russell today more than I ever did.. I
wrote Russell aud told him that 1
was carrying on the work und I am
pleased to sny that I did carry on
Vancouver Trades Council
Decides to Follow Winnipeg's Lead
A Treat for Federationist Readers
******* ******* *******
"Where Iron Is; There Is the Fatherland"
This is the title of a remarkable war story which will
appear in the Federationist in serial form.
At a considerable expense, the Federationist ha« secured .the Canadian rights to publish in serial form, a
story of lbe manipulations of the Ironmasters of France
during the Great War. This story was, written by a member, or attache, of lhe U. S. A, Peaee mission, who secured
thc information contained therein while he was in France.
The revelations contained in this story equal in sensationalism those of the Bullitt report, and reveal for the
first lime the reason that the Mar continued as long as
it did. As a revelation of thc manipulations of international capital it is unexcelled, and will raise in the minds
of all those that read this sensational story of capitalistic
intrigue, the denial question as to what is the cause of
wars, and at the same time give the real, and only reason for thc legalized slaughter of humankind. Do not
miss tlie next four or five issues of the Federationist, as
this story will only appear in its pages in Canada. Thc
first installment will appear nest week.
,,.++.*AS>,+4-i<>t»*»**>t>t»Wt ***** ■!■■»■*"»"«»l"<"l^-|..^>-».>«t..>..|.<..».«i.»».»t■♦■»■»■»■>.
Firemen's Troubles With
Canadian Merchant
Service to Be Probed
There was much discussion on
thc result of thc Winnipeg trials
at last night's meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council.
Some delegates took the position
that thc appeal to the privy council would avail nothing, but the
majority of the delegates were of
thc opinion that the interpretation
of the law as made by Justice Metcalfe, would be overrulod ln the
Old Land. It was decided to take
no stops until the result of the
Winnipeg conference was known.
Two new delegatea were elected
to represent the council on thQ.De-
fensc committee. They are Delegates Wilson and Mrs. Al'lon.
The socretary reported that he
had wired to the minister uf marine and fisheries on Lho question
of non-payment of union wages on
ships sailing from Canada and operated by tho Canadian Merchant
Marine, he also reported that he
had received a wire in reply to the
effect that the manager of the Merchant Marine would bc In Vancouver next week, on recommendation of the executive, the secretary
waa instructed to attend a conferenco to be held on the 13th.
Delegate King of the Marine Firemen and Oilers, reported that he
would ulso be, In attendance at
thia conference, and that the members of this organization were seeking a new wage scale for May the
1st, und thut the Sailors' Union,
white International, were working
hand in hand with thom und had
pledged "their support.
The Building committee reported that, thc Pender hall had been
secured for headquarters of lhe
0. B. U. On a recommendation
oi- the executivo ll was decided to
have a meeting of all the units In
the new hall on Wednesdny, April
28, A commit tec was appointed to
apportion space to the different
units In the new hall, the committee constats of Delegates Shaw,
Campbell and King.
A communication from the A,
I-', of L, Instructing the council to
unseat any representatives of the
Maintenance of Way Employees,
owing to jurisdictional disputes
was flled, after it was pointed out
that thig was only In line will, the
policy of that organization, wliich
was not to bring the workeri. together but to separate them by
such means.
Tho General Workers unit reporting that this unit ts calling a
special, meeting on Thursday, April
15, to decide ways and means for
raising further funds, for the upkeep of the dependents of those
comrades recently convicted at
Winnipeg. AU members will be
notified by mail, but those not receiving such notice, must make a
special effort to attend, as (his Is
a vital question and effects every
member of the working class lu
this country. Thc Federatlonist is
now being supplied to every member of this unit.
The organization commit lee of
this unit Is arranging a muss meeting for Monday, April 19, at the
Staples Hall, Fnr/ur Street, between Fiftieth avenue and Flfty-
llrst avenue, South Vancouver. All I
members living in the district ofi
South Hill are asked to attend and
help with the arrangements,
Fellow Worker J. Q, Smith will
be Uie speaker and "Bob" Hatley
the chairman, Some good rustlers
are wanted lo distribute posters
and dodgers, which can be secured at the offloe of the secretary.
Making Reds in Canada
Is Subject of His Ad-/
dress Sunday
It Is almost three months since
Comrade ft. P. Pettlplece took "the
platform at the Koyal Theatre,
and In that three mouths the authorities and rulers of this country have done much towards educating the workers along progressive   lines,   unintentionally   of
Hundreds uf people who last year/
scoffed at what they said were the1
too radical aims of the various
socialist parties, aro now saying,
"there's nothing too radical forme," atid the masters hftve done
far more to work this change In
Socialist Party Speaker to
Explain Some Aspects
of Capitalism
The propaganda meeting of the
Socialist Parly of Canada will be
held on Sunday night in the Kmpress Theatre, and \V. Kinney will
be the speaker.
All the wealth the capitalist clans
possesses has bcen produced by the
course, but nevertheless effectively.- working class,    in   taking   lt,   the
Workers would but be taking it
back. Wealth Is not a flxdl and indestructible quantity. It Is being
constantly destroyed and renewed.
LKven the moBt staple portions are
being constantly worn out and replaced.   The workers of one gen-
one year than all the t'aglfato^s',,if'rutlon m,,-v be sitlrl io produce with
could do in five years. With X\i%. "thrir own "hands practically all the
events of recent weeks In mliu),HP'cahh in existence ut the end of
Comrade Pettipiece should' hayjai''tIleir (feneration, so that ln taking
ample material for an Interesting, fil *»*? wouliV actually be taking
address when he speaks at tibej''1B v*r>' things they" themselves
Federated Labor party meeting- in ^produced, things taken from them
the Boyal Theatre ' next Sunday- without any'compensation. They
evening on the subject, "Making,';m,uld therefore owe compensation
Beds In Cunnda." Comrade W. ft. ¥0*' them-to none. And, Indeed,
Trotter will take lhe chair at .8 i;lhm' 1;un ll(? "° Question of com-
p. m. Doors open at 7:80. '*,'; jfpensatlng (lie capitalists. The'oilt-
The members of the labor ■chjplfcn* °f ,,,,H "M^Sffle between Iho
aro preparing a special pro- f a*",:i,laf *',tuw iunI the working
gramme for the closing Sunday ,of 82ftM win ,>e tlie 60ultl1 wolutlpn.
this season, April 25, when a' life- Hy ,,0,i!feftl force ,he working class
turnout of parents und friends■j3;-",w WTf,nt fr,,m lhe capitalist ditf*
expected. The subject of the leu- l}llC rr!nj< of eovernment, aud must
Rise the powers of thc stnte to leg-
Social Changes Must Be
Made Before War Will
son next Sunday la, "The Alms 'ojlfl
Various Societies and Iiwtitutiohst'    '
'ht,   u/.lwi.-.l    ..-...*.!..    *.....—..   ft.:   .-_» *  *
„ {islllto .in lis own  dermic.    By   that
The school meets every Sundav .,f.
tornoon at 2:30 in O'Brien Hall. .  ,
The social committee of the fr. :F""
Ktt'oko elusses will he overthrown
,.nd lalior |mwer cease to lie a com-
h. P.
ility: production will he for use
nd not for profit: fiovcrnment of
is completing the arrange  ,. ,,, , ,
ments for tho whist drlvo „n(1 P1'1'801^ wl" die out anil he replaced
dunce to he hold noxt Friday : t5' "" administration of tliinga. The
April 1C, In Cotillion Hall Good'*'01''"1'1' w"!"i,,l,n» "10 moans of
prines ure  being offered  for  the ' M''"'1'"'""" "'"' **"" ™ntro] the re-
whlst und ull Indications point-to •"»»« wnttlths-they *lll Individual:
a hlg turnout. The whist wlJ1;'J'"oioy «liat llie.v collectively pro-
start at S:I5 p. ni. and the dnnoln'ei*"''' S,'CI!'' '"" ,,a,'! '*""'" opo"
at Ii p. ni.   Tickets   are   ir.» (.".l"! ,:!0'   Mooting ut 8 p.m,
2r,o for
ladles, r,0c for gentlemen, and cun
ho had at the Lahor Party rooms,
alO Dominion building, and nt the
Foderationist office, or at the Koy-
al Theatre on .Sunday evening.
■ Question'* ahd an open platform.
Workers engnged in the building
trade In the .Slate of Victoria. (Australia), have, since Fobruary I lust
introduced the   tlve-dny   week   of
~   . •      i eiglil hours pel* day— to hours lit
"wing to thc snow on fiood Frl. a«.    The -live-day   movement   Is
,   ,      , 'o for the Junior uprca.iing    throughout    Australia
Labor League to hold Its Intendell'l«.,„! should bG a   universal   thing
plena lo Capilano Park, bo, accord- there before very long.
ing to arrangement, a  number  of
the members turned up at tho club-
rooms   and   spent   lhe   afternoon
there.   Tonight (Friday)  the third : tion
sitting of tho Mock Parliament will :„,etal
No Meeting of Junior I jihor I.r««uc j
Owing to tho snow
day It was Impossible
Montreal- The new wage schedule and  i*'i ins of working coudj-
of men    employed    in    the
ndustry,  marine  eogineer-
„  ,  ,. °    """'InlonJin,, firms, and shipbuilding plums.
Holding.   An 'Act lo Confiscate In-  f,.,,,,,  „„.„„, ,„  ,.,,,,  Aitl.ur, ar
heriiuneos'   is on the order palter
bc held In  Hoom    610
for ihis sitting and promises ...
provide some lively discussion.
Owing lo a counter-attraction, In
the shapo of a whist drive and
dance to be held by Federated
Labor Party in the .Cotillion Hnll
next Friday, there will bc no nieeting of thc Junior tabor League oir
that evening us a majority of the.
members wish to be free to go to
the dunce.
Buy at a union store.
feeling tlltl.llOO workers, have, been
adopted by lllo one hundred delegates who assembled in convention
al'Montreal. The terms tu bo presented at once, and In some cases
to go Into effect April 1. In others
ou May 1, embrace an eight-hour
day. 44 hour, a week with the Saturday half holiday. The wages
demanded are DO eents an hour
for mechanics, Hii f0r hotpot's, and
00 for laborers.
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
'.-» ~«...-.-...(.'t.-..."...4..*-l~t-'....M,..,..l..f..|..(,.|
$1.00 Per Month for the
Last week a corrnpondent Suggested that those in
sympathy with the men who are in durance vile for their
activities in connection with the labor movement give
$1.00 per montb to the defense fund. His suggestion has
taken hoJd, and several persons h^ve called at the Federationist Office and started by giving their flrst month's contribution. How many more will assist in this way? Every
little helps, and the appeal to the Privy Council in the
Bussell case will cost money,     j
New Organization Form'
ed to Forward Internationalism
(By J. Kavanagh)
LONDON', March 18.—Being over
here as a result of the ridiculous
hysteria of the Union government,
it vas quite a change to listen to
spceclien, delivered here In the
heart of thc Umpire, which in Canada would be viewed as sedition
of thc rankest kind. I attended,
last night, a meeting of "Clarte"
held in King Ceorges Hull, Great
Russell street.
C'lortc Is an organization for the
purpose of spreading international
knowledge, and the promotion of
an international consciousness, as
opposed to this national patriotism
now In vogue. The chairman was
Robert Dell, a writer on International affairs. Tho speakers were
Paul Colin, (ion. Secretary Clarte,
Belgian socllon; l.t.-Col. .1. Wedge-
wood. M.P.,- H. Orcnfoll, B.N., and
the Mon. Uertrand Russell.
Tbe chairman.In his opening remarks, Btated that already thore
were more Internationals than ono.
The second Intornutlonal, which
Robert. Williams had snld was innocuous, and the third International with headquarters at Moscow.
There was also the Black International with headquarters at Rome.
Clarte was not a new International,
bnt was an organization for tho
purpose of spreading intornutlonal
knowledge and developing an Intornutlonal consciousness, in order
to prevent it repetition of the live
yours' slaughter from whicli wu
hove just emerged. Those people,
In L'nglund, who bad refused tn lie
stampeded by lbe patriots but hud
insisted on tlie use nf their reasoning powers In relation to I lie war,
hod boon sent to gaol. Ho cited
the lion. Uertrand Russell und ,M
E, I). .Morel ns examples.
Only tlmt ovening lie hud noticed
In the paper, the ruport nf tho unveiling of the monument to liditli
Cnvcll by Queen Alexandra. Actually what had taken pluce was the
unveiling of a monument for the
perpetuation of national hatred.
Killlli Cttvell bad acted as au English patriot, in a district undor
Gorman military rule and bad been
treated In exactly thc same man
nor ns Rosa Luxemburg und Karl
Liobknecht. "Loud applause greet
cd the mention of thc latter two.
He wondered whether, if a Gel
man nurse lind been In England
and had acted In thc manner In
which Etlltli Cnvcll hud acted In
Belgium, Queen Alexandra would
huvo unveiled a monument in honor
of her patriotism. No! Patriots
only exist when Ihey happen to be
our own people. They ure traitors
when ihey nre on the side nf the
enemy.    I Prolonged applause).
In Introducing Mr. Paul Colin he
described him ns one of the Belgian Socialists who did not become
a social patriot when tlie war broke
out. but retained his international
viewpoint throughout. ,\lr. Colin
had been vigorously assailed b.v
both Belgian and German Chauvinists. "When a man Is denounced
by tlio Chauvinists of opposing
countries he needs no further introduction."
Mr. Colin spoke In French and
wus translated by lho chairman.
He said In port:
"The Germans made n revolution anil In 24 hours Marshal Koch
had become u great general,"
He hnd recently been in Berlin
and bad seen Ibe Baltic troops on
their return.   These are thc same
troops who assisted Von Kapp in
(Continued on page S)
Dominion Labor Party Hears Truth About Wii
—Fast Becoming Political Degenerates'Says
gate — Convention Sympathizes With Convicted
Men in Their Fight for Constitutional Liberty!
(By Gordon Oaseadden)
WINDSOR ONT., April 7.—Ontario is awakening to t\v$,
menace to labor organization whieh results from the trial
snd decisions of the Winnipeg cases.   This fact is apparent to
any one who make* a careful study of the situation.   Almost
complete Jack of information about Winnipeg prevails through^
out Ontario, Canada's most populous and industrial province!
When labor here knows something of the truth about Winnipeg!
it sht/ws its resentment towards the capitalist class and  thf
politicians who support that class in the battle against labor.  Oitl
my way back from the big AVinnipeg labor trial, where I aetedi
as publicity represcnttaivc for- thc defense committee, I stopped^
off in Toronto, Hamilton and London, three of Canada's indus-3
trial centres.  In-all three I found marked interest in .the Win-3
nipeg'situation.   In all three the workers showed recentmentl
because of the trials of workers and lack of prosecution of th«||
so-called "Citizens' Committee" of Winnipeg.   No where waa||
the feeling of class solidarity more evident than at the annual^
convention of tlie Independent Labor Party of Ontario, held' irt'i
London on Good Friday and'the following day.   While inA
Toronto, certain delegates who arc positively behind the Winnia
peg boys, told me they would -do their best to get me the floor.!
This eonvention was the most important in the history, of tlyS
Labor Party of Eastern Canada.  The presiding officer was the?
Hon. Walter Rollo, Minister of Labor in the Druiy Farmers aud 1
Labor Ontario. Provincial Government.   Another Cabinet ruin-'
istcr and eight or nine other members of the legislature were
also present.   I give these facts to show the position this con-;
vention held in the eyes of those interested in the political.
affairs of Canada's most populous province.
Of course tlio delegates varied
(rom the most uncompromising to
the most conservative type of toiler,
but this convention was a gathering
of one wing of the combination
which holds the reins in Toronto
aud which mny move on to Ottawa. Bccunse of these facts, the
dully newspapers in various sec-
lions of the province had their political writers prepent to give
lengthy reports of tho convention.
These facts are given because they
arc facts and not because of any
particular views which the writer
may hold. He went there to tell
farts about Winnipeg and not propagate ony particular views. Eearly
in the convontion it was decided
that no. speaker could talk for
more than ten minutes. Mrs. John
MacDonald of Toronto, who asked
for the floor in my behalf, got me
fifteen minutes. My address lasted
for more than a half hour. Tlie reception wonld please anyone who
passed through the great Winnipeg
trials. Heading my remarks, J
pointed out that I did so In order
that spies could not garble what
was s«ld. They were invited to
come forward if they were in the
room and obtain a copy of my ad
Headers of the federal Ion ist are
thoroughly familiar with nearly all
the topics discussed because of the
ample space which that paper gave
to reports of the trials.
These- quotations from my address may interest Federationist
So Violence.
Prior to my trip to Winnipeg I
felt that possibly there was a small
particle of truth in the reports that
a certain amount of violence wan
useil by the workors during the
Winnipeg strike. After an experience of many years as a writer and
observer of various strikes, great
and small, 1 am here to tell you
that In few strikes, with one-tenth
the number of men engaged, and
ono-liflh (he time consumed, has
there been so little violence on the
part of lahor. 1 tell this after 'hearing those win) sought a conviction
introduce every particle of evidence
they could produce to show thut
labor committed crimes.
Deprecate*.   Fori v.
"To me tlie use of. physical force-
on labor's pari is a mistake. Violence cannot help labor. I urn opposed to Uh tine, When men advise
you to use physical force to with-
your controversies, beware, for they
may be provoking MghiM-s sent
among yon by those who want lo
detent you. Education and organizntion   arc   absolutely    necessary;
They alone will   help   you.    Vio-
lence cannot help labor.
"I recognize as well as you that
we must not be carried away by
sentiment. What are the facts.
Oreat economical changes are taking place, the people of the world
are lining up in two camps; the
capitalist class and the working
class have nothing in common.
Capital still rules because of its '
might, and because the workers ot
the world have not united. These
men In Winnipeg are the victim'
of that might. They are class-war
Adopt Resolution.
Various phases of tho strike, and
trials, and a description of the activities of the convicted men, was
part of my address. The speech
contained no Information that the
most dense observer of the trials
could not impart. It contained
vital truths, however, and tho enthusiastic reception was entirely
due. Various delegates got up and
requested that the dally newspapers
print the speech in full. This they
could not do. However, this resolution was aflopted unanimously:
"That this convention of the Independent Uibor Party, assembled iu
the Ma*onlc Hall, London, after
hearing G. Cascadden address us on
the Winnipeg strike, go on record
as expressing sympathy with the
convicted men in their flght for
constitutional liberty, and in view
of the appeal about to be made io
fhe Hritish privy council, \\*\_ uryo
the Minister of Justice to release
these men on bail In the meantime
without restricting their personal
liberty, and that a copy be sent to
(Continued on page 7)
who was charged   with   seditious
Ubel and acquitted.
The Federated Labor Party
Whist Drive
and Dance
In Cotillion Hall
Whist nt 8:15 p.m. Dancing 9 to 12
Ladiea, ibe—Gentlemen, SOe
Tickets may be. obtained et thc Federated Labor Party
offices, Sll) Dominion Building, and at the office of the
B, (.'. Federationist.
j». i. ,i"i »i 1111111
twelfth tear. no. is    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAY..-..-...-... .April   9,   192«
Easter Clothes
at Substantial Savings
Men's high-grade hand-tailored clothes in newest English worsteds and tweeds in great variety and assortments.
Regular values arc     <jj.
$45 and $50	
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546 Granville Street
Finest Canterbury I,am It Stow, lb. 250
Fine*.  Canterbury   Lnrnli  Slumldcr*.
per lb a8VaC
Fineit Canterbury Lam). Luini,
per lb 29'/ae
Finest Canterbury Lamb Lix*, lb. 388
W» told last Saturdar over 500
pork shoulder*. Did you get
one! We will again aril them
on   Saturday,   regular   38c   Ib.
Saturday apeclal, lb SO'/jC
Ther only weigh from 4 to 7 lba.
QnaVor Corn,  tin  20c
Finest String Beans, tin  20c
Helnti Tomato Boop.  tin   J6c
Van Camp's Tomato Soup, tin IM
K, C. Fresh Ejrgs, dos.  ~ 55C
Finest Beef Dripping, lb - 500
Pinwt Beet Fat, lb 20C
Slater's Famous B'mW Picnic
Hams, weighing from 4 to 8 lbs.
Reg. 30 %c lb. Saturdar only
per lb. ..- 82>/iC
They are all sugar-cured and mild.
Finest Prime Rib, boneless, lb. ..2B%0
Mo. 1 Steer Pot Roast from, lb SOe
Mo. 1 Steer Oven Roasts from, lb. 23a
Mo. 1 Btoer Boiling Beef, ib .220
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 50c
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 66c
Sinter's Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, lb. 660
Slater's Sliced Boneless Roll,
per lb «•
Finest Canterbury Lamb Shoulders
weighing from 4 to 7 lbs. Regular 85o lb. Saturday speeial,
per lb,  gQVaC
Sitter's     Famous     Sugar    Cured
Streaky Bacon,  from  8  a.m, to
11 a.m., sliced, per lb 45c
Limit 2 lbs.
Finest Large Prunes, lb 25c
Finest  Dried Pesehes,  lb 35c
Fineit Marrowfat Peas, 3 lbs SSe
B. k K. Split Peas, 2 lbs 25c
Pearl White Beans, 2 lbs _ 25c
Our dellrorr Imww Hastings street
store for Hastings east, Hastings
Townsite, Vancouver Heights, anl
Grandvlew, every Saturday tt 1
o'clock. Don't forget to phono yopr
orders—large or small.
8 a.m. to  11 n.m.  we will
onr Famous Creamery But-
8 lbs. for $2.16
Slater's Famous Boneless Cottage
Roll.   Regular SOc lb.  .Saturday.
per lb.   - 46»/aC
Weighing from 4 to 0 lbs.-
Phone Sey. 3202
Phon. Sey. 886
Phone Pair. 1683
The best dental work
is the cheapest
To save is commendable—if you
don't sacrifice quality.  Unskilled
dentistry is costly—even if you
* got it for nothing.
Your teeth are invaluable—valuo
them accordingly. I assure you
Ihe highest skill—at a most moderate fee. The dental work I do
provides the best substitute for
natural teeth. It is efficient—has
perfect appearance.
Come to me for satisfactory work
at a reasonable price.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings St. W., Cor. Seymour
Pi ION E SEV. 3331 .
Oflico open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooods, Oenti' Furnishings
Factory organized under "Unltod Garment Worken of America"
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings SL W.
Vancouver, B. C.
I'honc Seymour 285B
820 Granville St. Vancouver, B. C.
Vancouver Workers Hold
Big Protest Meeting
in Avenue Theatre
Harrington sSays   There
Never Was a Law That
Prevented Strikes
"Resolved that we. thc workers of Vancouver, assembled In
mass meeting, view, with II*-
upin-oval and disgust tlio trout-
men t meted out to our fellow
workers at Winnipeg. We
consider tlmt the summing up
oT Mr, Justice Metcalfo was unfair, and contrary to the so-
called principles of British Justice."
The above resolution passed by
a solid standing voto at the Avenue mass meeting on Good
Friday evening did not mjnee matters when it frankly expressed
"disapproval and disgust" ut the
treatment of the comrades at Winnipeg and censured the judge's part
in tho proceedings as "contrary to
the principles of British justice.
At that, it did not say all that its
mover, Comrade J. Smith, and
many more in the audience, would
have liked to say.
Blames Ignorance
Victor Mldgley opened the meeting as chairman; and R. E, Rigby
of the Street Rallwaymen's Union
spoke briefly, assuring the comrades of the hearty support of his
organization. Then Dr. W. J.
Curry did his bit In his usual earnest and outspoken style, declaring
himself and the majority of the
workers equally guilty with the men
condemned. He laid the whole
trouble to ignorance, the fountains
of knowledge being poisoned at the
source under capitalist control, and
put in a strong plea for "a press
that will tell tlie truth." He urge!
that they should make the Federationist a dally paper and each of
the workers should give one day's
wages a month for that object, He
hoped that in a short time there
would be no S. P. C, F. L. P.,
and other such separate organizations of workers, but "one big
revolutionary party of Canada that
will sweep Metcalfe and all his
crowd"—the destination specified
was not audible in the storm of applause that greeted the suggestion.
"We stand," he declarel, "for the
solidarity of the whole humun race.
Thousands Implicated
A. S. Wells recalled the resolutions passed last year at the Walker
Theatre in Winnipeg, and in every
country where the working class so
gathered together, indicating approval of the services of the working class of Russia. Men who advocate change, he said*, must be
prepared at all times to face the
rough handling of the other side.
His own name was on the AVinnipeg
Indictment, with many more; in
fact, thousands of men, by their
connection with the Socialist Party
of Canada, the Western Conference,
or the B. C. Labor conference, were
all made guilty of seditious conspiracy.
Prltchard, Ivens ,and the others
were in jail becauso they represented the" working class—and for
that alone. Pritchard's remark was
true: they had raked "evidence"
from the ash-barrel of the lubor
movement of the country. Among
such evidence was included a letter
written to himself in 1917 by an
official of the B. C. Fedoration of
Labor, advocating "group" action.
Only a fool or a knave would write
anything so silly; the men who understood the proposition did not
advocate that kind of thing. Yet lt
could be used to prove that the
speaker was seditious because it
was written to him. Such had been
the procedure at Winnipeg. A man
who did not understand the working class movement waa absolutely
dangerous, not to the ruling class,
but to the workers.
Government's Part
Instead of Pritchard, etc., conspiring, the government of this
country had conspired with the deliberate intention of wrecking the
working -class movement established in Calgary. The movo was
started, not in Ottawa, but in Wall
Street, to wreck this new movement that was starling out to upset the A. F. of L. it was because
they could control tho A. F. of L.,
but could not control an organization on democratic lines. (Applause.)
Metculfe Not Crude
Whenever tho forces of repression were let looso, there would
the workers be united together. A
clear example of the class nature
of society had been put before
them, "We couldn't bave brought
It home to them as tho govornmont
have done," the speaker declared.
As to Judge Gait's assertion of a
general strike to subvert the government and take over all the industries, that statement was a deliberate lie. (Applause.) Metcalfo
didn't appear half as crude as Gait,
but even in lhat case they could
see the bias. Metcalfe was the product of a certain environment; the
accused men were the product of
another. The "force" which Bob
Russell referred to was the force
of laying down tools nnd doing
nothing; yet the judgo tried to impress on the jury that he meant
force In the sense of the word "accepted by the ruling class.
There were now nine families
lo bo kept, and about f38,000
would bo required to take care of
them, assuming thut the rest of
lhe men would be treated about tlie
some as Russell. As to dofense
funds having been used by O. B. U.
propaganda, tlie rovcrso had been
tho *ase. "Wig down and give a
folloctlon that will show you are
willing to help. More than that, go
out into the high-ways and by-ways
:'iid enlighten the people of this
country, for without understanding, the efforts of the workers all
must come to nothing."
ln immediate response to the appeal, the audienco now turned fn
a collection of |179,70. Then J.
Harrington started in to make the
closing address.
A Tusk to Perform
I They had, he said, a task to perform. With that in view, It waB
open to them to make protests, and
they might go on to form a political party. "Then, if the master
class refuse to recognize that, party,
we ean adopt Russian methods,"
he said, and proceeled tu explain
what it meant.
The pre-war Russian government
was notoriously rotten; before 1914
there was scarcely a newspaper in
Christendom that did not speak the
truth about it. Confronted with the
most powerful military machino or
the Gerrrian government, it proved
itself rotten and fell. Then came
the revolution, which was not nil
«»*r yet; "but looks as if it will
be over pretty soon." As to tho
government troops, Instead of firing
uu the workers, they shot their officers.    (Hear, hoar.)
A group of workers, in possession of knowledge important to
tlie working class ln Russia ut that
Ume, now had freer access to the
Russian workers' minds than ever
before. They took advantago of the
opportunity and laid bare the capitalist system; and the power of
government was placed In the
hands or members of the working
class and those who understood the
Conditions that there obtained
might never again appear; just the
same, the speaker remarked, "they
used machinery at your command
today—working-class knowledge."
(Applause.) Those    are    the
methods by \vhich we intend to con-
duet our campaign."
Coming now to the court at Winnipeg, the speaker noted that the
blindfolded flgure of Justice, with
the sword and scales, waa absent;
but the judge's place was ornamented wtth "a species of buffalo
of the male gender;" he didn't
know whether there was any connection or not.    (Laughter.)
Press Attitude
As to the attitude of the press,
lt had given front page and editorial prominence to the Russell
case; in this case It was very quiet!
Though Metcalfe spoke for eight
hours, the press only quoted as
much as lie would say in five mln
utes, hitting at the Socialist Party
of Canada. If the S. P. of C. was
so notoriously criminal, why not
tako process against it? Pritchard,
however, was not definitely indicted
for his activities as a member of
the S. P. of C, but for letters
written by others. At the instance
of the banking Interests, drastic-
steps had to be taken to stop
such activities. The fact that mull*
lated letters were used as evidence*
showed that the real culprit ytas
the individual who was doing .({he
Stands for Va All      .f.  (
According to tho ruling -hai^eJg
down, a strike by which citWenB
weer prevented from having things
they were accustomed to have, (C-g.,
newspapers and street cars, was^an
illegal strike, the speaker pointed
out. "If that stands for Russell,
Prltchard, and the others, It stands
for the rest of us when we go on
strike." But thore had never been
a law put on the statute book that
prevented striking. They might as
well jnake tt illegal for a frost to
happen in July^on ths prairies. "If
the conditions are ripe for a strike
—tbe manufacturers are going to
lose their labor." The speaker
had noticed that outside a locat
newspaper offlce there were seven
bulletins and Ave of them, referred
to strikes in different parts of the
As to the "Illegal" O. B. XT., mere
dissatisfaction with officials, etc.,
was not sufflclent ground for any
new form of organization. Unless
they thoroughly grasped how they
lived under modern capitalism,
there would only be ferment and
unrest; but when they organized
on the basis of knowledge—of class
as class—they did not need to go
any further.
Privy Coundl Appeal
Touching on the appeal of the
Privy Council—"composed of conservative lords of the realm"—-the
speaker said that they had previously given favorable consideration
to such coses. Whether In the
present state of world turmoil they
would render such a verdict was
doubtful. But every part of the
British Empire came undor their
ruling—even Britain itself. ''Just
fancy telling the working class in
Britain that strikes are illegal!"
<Laughter.) On the whole, the
possibilities were that they would
not have to go much further than
the Privy Council in England.
Should they fail, the workers would
not be allowed easily to forget iti
Should Understand
Tho speaker referred to the
rough talk" going about Just now
—coming fTom members of the
"sulitariat," etc.—suggesting that a
delegation should go and take the
men out of prison, "Before we do
nnything <*f that," he Bald; "wo
ought to inform ourselves as to the
position wc occupy in this <|r. any
other eountry—a subject position."
An army stood between them—fnd
that army was recruited Racgely
from the working elass.
As to "other means," tho Wibllc
dreaded public agitation—'<drdads
the fact that it Is not considered as
fulfilling its duties to the people."
They dreaded still moro thaiknow-
ledge that Prltchard and r,qt(hers
possessed. According to accounts,
Andrews, Metcalfe, etc., '.had a
guard round them day and' flfght.
"They are the men who are inijall
—not Pritchard."   (Applause.).?
Trial by Perjury 1) )0
Trial by jury, said the speaker,
"sometimes almost looks like- trial
by perjury." Zaneth, for instance,
attributed things to Pritchard and
Kavanagh which they absolutely
denied. "They absolutely dony having had anything to do with the
man in any shape or form."
"What they have done," said tho
speaker, "we contemplate doing."
(Applause.) "There is going to
come a time when that cheque you
drnw will not do what Is required
of It. Its clastic properties wilt
bust. You will go to tho boss and
say 'More oats,' The boss will say,
'The oat-bin won't stand it.' This
sentence, If It stands, forbids you to
tako action, or you will suffer lho
consequences." Tho time had not
yet come for any other action than
they had been concerned with hitherto, but they must take this thing
home to themselves. At some point.
lussia   Becoming   Independent of Other Coun-
Tries' Products
Workers Are Enthusiastic
Over Industrial
(By George Lansbury)
(Editor The London Dally Herald)
■Moscow.—"AU soviet Russia \ylll
become a united All-Russian Cooperative Society ot Workers—thai
Is our aim," said Lenine tke oilier
day, addressing the e'entral execu
tivo committee of Soviets.
I have gone through several stale
factories here, where motors,, bicycles, and aeroplanes are being
built. There wo could see how
.much hus been accomplished during the poriod of trouble. Before
the revolution Russia waa dependent on the outside world for neatly all her machinery, and parts
were brought here from abroad to
bo assembled. Now, from her own
raw material, she is building aeroplanes, motors, and bicycles.
I have seen toolmakers, foundry
Writers, machine minders, engineers, woodworkers, all at work,
with machines at full speed, and
have mentally compared them with
those I have seen by the thousand
in England and France, The only
difference, and it Is a vital one, Is
that men here are thetr own employers, They are working not for
a boss or to produce rent, profit or
Interest, but for the' soviet state,
which is themselves.
! They take part In the organization and direction of their Industry.
The day before my visit they had
cast their votes for their representatives on the Moscow soviet, and
by large majorities had chosen
Communists. In England we talk
of national workshops, Guild So-
jcialism, and workshop control; here
national workshops and -workers'
'control are in actual operation^
j People in England often talk of
jwaste in government and municipal
[enterprises. In these national
j workshops the exact contrary is the
case. Every scrap of raw material
land stores coming in is carefully
registered and accounted for. The
stores Inspected are a model of
completeness, nnd were a complote
surprise. The products of the factories are all carefully inspected before use, and scamped or inferior
work is rejected.
So much for state factories. At
the Moscow waterworks the workers have partial control, nnd they
show extraordinary initiative and
enthusiasm. They have helped the
fuel shortage by new methods of
burning peat, which is lying In
great quantities near Moscow, and
by the construction on their own
initiative of a narrow-gauge railway which enables them to get fuel
with less labor and In large quantities, It is impossible that the red
armies could have been fed, munitioned, and the nation kept alive,
except by this sort of enthusiasm
which not only believes but works.
Our London municipal workers
could learn a great lesson from
these Moscow men and women, who
know that they work for the state
and feel they are working on behalf
of their whole class, and must
therefore do their very best even
though creature comforts are so
short. Thero are some who grumble, they say that all the world is
agatqst .Russia; not a single person
I have met, though, dreams that
things would be other than much
worse^ under any other government
than the present.
The postlon of women in Industry here would givo complete satisfaction to every leader of the women's movement at home. Women
work in industry side by side with
mon, and are recognized on terms
of absolute equality as citizens of
tho state.
Every post Is open to them.
Women working on day rates are
allowed the same wages as men,
even though their production falls
lfi per cent, below that of the men.
On piece work there Is always a
minimum wage, which, of course,
Is the same for men and women.
Sickness and unemployment are
paid for at full rates, and to the
sick extra food and nourishment
are also supplied.
Many workers belong to the orthodox church, and desiro to enjoy
the many holidays proscribed by
that organization. In consequence
of this, workers are given the opportunity of 10 church holidays
each year, In addition, there are
eight public holidays during "the
year, and Sundays and Saturday
afternoons are holidays. Two
weeks' vacation are given yearly,
and where needed these are extended. British workers will note
that all these are real holidays, as
they are paid for.
Overtime Is paid for at time and
a half rates for the flrst two hours,
and at double rates afterwards.
Much overtime is being worked at
prosent, and a good deal of volun-
whether they liked it or not, they
had got to make a stand.
They luid all henrd of Copernicus,
Gullloo, Tom Payne, Geo. Washington, Oliver Cromwell, and a host
of other rebels that had appeared
in the world's history; but hardly
one of them could tell the name of
the reigning king, the judge, or the
prosecution in either case. These
rebels had represented something
which the race Imperatively needed
—knowledge absolutely essential to
the human race—which the men
now in jail possessed, "They can't
Imprison ideas; they can only imprison the individual who happens
to givo vent'to tho idoas."
"Revolutions aro not ^planned.
Thoy spring uncalled out of tho circumstances of tho particular country in which they occur." The
rulers did not understand that—or
pretended so. "If they believe half
tbey say they believe, thoy are to
he pitied. You've only got to stand
on your feet and say: 'We refuse
to be slaves any longer.'" (Loud
tary work Is also being done. This
latter means that peoplo work at
occupations other than their normal ones in order to assist the nation.
A byj wave of enthusiasm Is rising among the people, who tulk now
of "the bloodless front," meaning
thereby the industrial field. But
on everyone's tongue there is one
question when Ihey are told I am
from England. "When are you
British workers going to make your
government let us live?"
I am also asked wben the British
trade unionists are coming. Smillie,
Henderson, Snowden, Thomas and
Williams—In fact, all our people—
would get a great reception. For
in spite of o\ir terrible blockade
and our supply *of munitions and
soldiers to help thc counter-revolutionists, the Russian workers
have faith in our labor movement,
and like to believe that It Is only
our governing classes whicli bave
hurt und hindered them these two
years past. It is up to tbe trade
unionists and the Socialists of
Britain to see that they arc worthy
of this confidence.
Dr. Curry Asks Pertinent
Question in Answer to
Metcalfe's Statement
"When the workers rule," was
Dr. W, J. Curry's Topic at the
Royal on Sunday evening, althongh
he recognized that It wah itself almost an act of sedition to Infer that
the* present rulers would some day
be down and out. "No doubt Metcalfe and his kind will conisder it
an act of treason to tho system that
they think always has been and
always will be." Such people knew
nothing of social science or human
evolution; the workers knew that
capitalism was just a passing
phase. Metcalfe publicly showed
the elass antagonism of modern society; the workers stood for the
abolition of classes, and were thus
the only real patriots existing in
the world,
Pritchard, Ivens, and Russell had
joined the noble army of martyrs;
their memories would be held up as
examples of the highost form of
patriotism. All progress had been
due to sedition; as witness Copernicus, Galiieo,.and the rest. In the
matter of the strike, there was no
evidence of revolulton; but these
purtloular comrades had been
singled out because they realized
that a strike was no cure for existing evils and that the overthrow of
the system was the only remedy.
There were a great many sedi-
t Ion lsts right in that meeting, the
speaker declared. "We have shown
we are opposed to capitalist rule,
and would even estublish tho dictatorship of tho proletariat." (Applause.) The dictatorship of the
workers was vastly moretjust than
that of the exploiters.       j
Referring tto Metcalfe's remark,
In his "summing-up," that "the
grass was dry," the speaker nsked,
"Who made the grass dry?" Ono
cause of its being dry was that the
capitalist system had the seeds of
its own destruction, and led Inevitably to the great wur and the killing of 20,000,000 people. Another
cnuse was that the men who went
tto fight now realized that, while
they were eaten up with vermin
out there, other vermin wore eating up the people here.
To show how dry the grass was,
the speaker cited Bradstreet to
show that It now took $3 to buy
what $1 would buy in 1886. Were
the workers getting three times as
much wages now as then? (No.)
On the other hand It was shown
that In 1870 the average profit from
each man employed ln the steel industry was $322; in 1900» it was
$900 per man. "Those," said the
speaker, "are some of the things
that have dried the grass. Does
Metcalfe think tho people are going
to lie down and die, because his
class own the moans of life? They
want a spineless lot of miserable
cowards who will crawl on their
hands and knees to their masters."
"What are we going to do about
lt?" the speaker asked." The workers are going to get on top—no
doubt about that. I don't know
how or when, but in the not very
distant future. There will be no
parasites; they will be compelled,
under penalty of death by starvation, to get down and work just
as we. We believe In brotherhood
and love and all that sort of stuff,
but you cannot have brotherhood
while ono class Is on the back of
another class,"
Tho speaker went on to discuss
the methods that might bo necessary during tho transition, insisting
that "the ballot alone will never do
it; we have got to havo the ballot
backed up by industrial organization—tho O. B. U. If you will." The
new social order must develop
jjiVlthln the shell of the old; meanwhile, the workers must learn to
do things—learn to administer. Cooperation was a most important
factor; except for the co-operative
system in Russia they would have
been under the yoke again. "It is
necessary, when the struggle lakes
place, to have your own warehouses
filled with the necessaries of life.
Get in now. Take a hand. Get
drilled, Get disciplined. Show you
can beat the capitalist ln his own
The speaker then asked: "After
we got in, what are we going to
do?" Something might be learnt
from Russia along economic tines,
though he did not think they would
have to go the same lengths here.
Russia, being In tho vanguard, had
to flght evory capitalist government
on this earth, whereas "we'll only
have our own rulers to fight." However, it was well at this stage to
consider "certain lines of activity
which must be taken up after we
have taken the reins of power."
In the flrst placo, there was the
need to start produtclon of necessaries for general use. The Soviet
was a government of revolution;
now that they had conquered their
enemies, thoy were gottihg down
simple to a bureau of production
The Idea wns: "Cake for none, until you have bread for everybody."
Education was another important
consideration. In spite of tin
bloodshot) In Russia, colleges had
been established in every city
Peoplo who worked during the da?
went to school at night. So that in
stead of 85 per cent, of the people
Spring Modes
—at prices so exceptional—so incomparable
in value—they cry aloud for early inspection.
These new models you really must see. Exquisitely dainty
—retaining the charm of youth in fascinating lines. Tailored with Famous superiority—tasty piatcrials of enduring quality—in styles not just for the hour, but for all
Now on Display—at Wonderful Values.
Neu OranvUlt
being Illiterate It was said that 85
per tfent. could now read. They
look the children and showed them
the process qt. production; showed
them that labor created all wealth.
Then let them judge who was entitled to that wealth. "That is what
we have got to tell them when we
get control of the colleges and the
press—that the unpardonable sin
Is parasitism." Ot courts that was
humiliating to the ruling class—instead ot being lords of creation, to
be regarded as things that*shou\d
bo despised by alt honest men.
Health must be another Important consideration—depending, not
on vaccination or prescriptions for
alcohol, but on good food which
would make good blood.
The abolition of law courts and
of life in crowded cities; tho cultivation of art nnd of real religion
were also dealt with by tho speaker. In Russia, religion was absolutely free; but the Christ worshipped In Russia today was the
man who started the communist
movement that shook the foundations of the Roman Empire.
.There was a long and lively discussion following Dr. Curry's address; and 3. N. Boult took the
platform for five minutes, during
which time lie flred some hot shots
at the workors who shirked their
own part ln tlie fight. Ernest Trotter submitted the Avonuo protest
resolution, which wns warmly endorsed.
Our a'dvertlsers support the Federatlonist. It Is tip to you to support them.
"We're tho people to fix you
right; prices low and treatment white. Goods of
quality the best—Better,
none in all the west. Hero
you'll flnd just all you
need. That's the truth. It
Is indeed.
NOW Is Ute Ume! So don't
delay — prices nre rising
day by day—Cornel Won't
stop to think but move,
maltc its all our statements
416 Main St.
Opp. City Hall
Guaranteed Coal
If our eoal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
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coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phonos Seymonr 1141 ud MS
Greatest Stock of
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Replete in every detail
41 HlMifi ItrMt Won
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and Ron-alcoholic wtaei of all
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Phon. Seymour 7X69
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A mil wrltttn PAMPHLET, cruunti full «f (tlti*
FACTS,   ll toktt r«« •ttaiiM into MEXICO.
I. Z.!>r,jii.,Ui\<* 'Tht Votli". Oakland, CA
fmm. <l »lr»«M horn Ota ohatMtT. il im.Hi ol PETROLEUM and tht fntrifUN of lh* JESUITS tod lha MoMf
torch ef ENGLAND ami AMERICA. |
ft iIimU be tuifutlr »«4 br army Ameriean Wo*  j
CIIIES PUBLISHING CO., «f Tk!rt«»tfcSlnri, OiUiiJ, C4
ffi ee 9900 pat IW, all thr|t* sta$s4
THESE fino Spring .days make you want lo get out doors and
enjoy yourselves. *
Whether you are a disciple of Isaac Walton or a baseball en*
thuslast, we are here to take care oC your every need. We have
the largest stock ofliigli-grade fishing tackle and sporting goods
ln British Columbia, all moderately priced.
OP THB 0. B. V.
$2.0© PER YEAR f
Lumber and Camp Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
50,000 IN 1920
JAFFRAV ,      '
B. Kootenay Lnmber Co., Canip 15
A nieeting has been beid In camp
ltt which It was decided by unanimous vote to cut out piece work.
It was ulso decided that it waa time
for the camp to be cleaned up,
hog pens removed, and to make
conditions conform to sanitary
regulations. The 75 men present
decided to give the company until
the ilrst of April to comply with the
union and government standard.
Otto Staples lumber, Camp 10
It waa moved at a meeting held
here last nJght by the employees of
this company and camp to give a
vote of thanks to the management
In the next Issue of the Federatlonist for their kindness and attention
to the sick In the last epidemic of
the flu. This company supplied a
hospital and a competent man to
look after the sick and did not
oharge them board and gave them
good attention.
Massey Timber, Canip 1
This camp is pretty well organ
bed, a few men not In the union
but they promised they would join
when they get somo money. There
Is no bath house yet. The food is
none too good, but the excuse Is
that a boat hae not culled for some
Larson's Camp
Camp now In good condition;
bath house and dry house; good
bunk houses. Cook house and dining room flrst class; grub good;
lady waitresses, 6 tables, six men
to a table. Wages from $6 to 19.50,
Board, $1.60 per day.
Meeting was held on March 29
and a new delegate elected. From
now ou regular meetings will be
held weekly and the Indications arc
that the camp will he unionized in
every respect.
An executive meeting will be
held In Kamloops district ofllce on
the 1st of May. Fellow Worker
Cohie, Billings, Welsh and Kin-
loch are thc members permanently
resident in thc district who received the highest votes at the recent
district referendum, and. consequently arc acting as executive.
As mnny members as possible are
also requested to attend so as to
get as good a meeting as possible.
P. G. E.
Qtiesncl to lx«c Butt*-—Northern
Construction Co.
All camps of this outfit are ln a
deplorable condition. No man who
wants to live like a human being
will stay; np bathing accommodation, board $10 a week, but as soon
aa you quit, charge 75c a meal until you get out, which often takes
ten days. Men live in tents, fllth
all around. Recently engaged a
man in town as foreman carpenter
for 85c an hour and bonus, If Jio
stayed. On his arrival they refused
to pay him more than 75c an hour
Without a bonus.   He quit.
Terrace Bay, Ford's Ouiit, Uunora
Horse camp, bunk houses are
tar paper, shack cedar, shake kitchen. No washing or bathing accommodation. Good grub; no flrst
aid kit. Boata stop going up, but
will not do so coming down unless
flagged. Minimum wage rate in
operation, but men have difficulty
In changing their time checks for
Northern Construction Co,
Good board, $1.50 a day; $1.25
medical fee; 55c an hour, 9-hour
day. Bunk houses 15x30, single,
two-tier bunks. Windows are too
high up to look through, and much
too small. Boss says the company
will be installing shower baths
Boon; 28 men Jn camp; 50 per cent,
Black i toy   Point,   Northern   Cedar
There are four bunk houses,
24x18, 18x20, 18x30, with five
double deck new iron bunks and
new mattresses, four double deck
new Iron bunks and new mat-
tresses, six double deck new iron
bunks and new mattresses, erspec-
tively. A small house occupied by
two engineers, room for three; one
good filers' shack, well equipped,
well lighted with stove and bed;
dry house with two showers; large
dining room with well appointed
kitchen; separate house for cook
and flunkey, also separate storehouse, all on floats. Delf dishes,
plated cutlery. Good water supply and sanitary conditions generally. Prices hi the store reasonable, compared with Vancouver.
Long walk to work, 16 minutes
each way on our own time, but
this will be remedied to some extent as camp will bo moved shortly. Association scale paid. Men
pack their own blankets. Fare on
Union steamboats about $14, including meals und berth. Mail
once a week. Mostly cedar timbor. As far as actual logging operations are concerned, boss is a
good man to work for. Camp 100
per cent, union.
PEL. 235.
Springbrook Camp
Frequent meetings have been
held recently, thc main topic being
the question of drafting a new
wage scalo. The flrst point to be
dealt with and receiving endorsation of the members waB to cut out
piece work, contract and bonus
system. Scale was then drafted to
cover all wages in the camp, and
copies sent to all district offices to
see how this compares with the
scales drafted by members in other
camps, ho that a uniform rate
should apply. A ommlttee was
elected to present the schedule to
the employers. A very good feeling exists between the employees
and the management of the compnny, and a motion was passed expressing appreciation of the manner in which the men had been
provided for during the recent epidemic. Arrangements wero made
for taking up a collection amongst
the men on the next pay day for
the support of the Winnipeg defense fund,
At a meeting held at this camp
on March 29th, all members and
delegate present, reference was
made to the letter appearing in the
Federationist of March 26th as to
the statement that the outfit Is
haywire, We would say that the machinery, tools and rigging are very
first class; all the lines being in
good shape. Fallers were behind
for a while, but are now getting
ahead, and say they are satisfied
with conditions. We wish to protest against any member going
over the heads of the delegate and
the men In camp, inserting a letter
containing misleading statements,
causing-general ill-feeling.
The foreman, C. Sorenson, has
always shown a sympathetic spirit
toward the L. W. I. U., and we do
not consider it a square deal to
have such a derogatory letter published, which would make it hard
for him to obtain men, and also
makes it hard for men to distinguish a good, camp from a poor
Outlook good in this district.
The members are determined to
have the 8-hour day, and to cut
out the piece work and bonus system. Demands have already been
put in to thc management of
camps which have always operated
on this system in the past. The
following Is the wage scale, which
has recently been presented to the
management of the three mills at
Waldo and Baynes Lake. All
rates bused on strict 8-hour day:
Lag deck man, $5.50; yard laborers and night watch, $5; firemen,
$5.75; blacksmith, $6.75, log-
sealer, $5.60; trimmer men, $5.25;
slasher men, $5; tail sawyer, $5.50;
.lack to Edger, $5.25; edgerman,
$6.75; setter, $6.75; dogger (carriage), $5.50; filer (band, pays helper), $16; sawyer, $10; man on
pond, $5.25; millwright, $6.75;
men on sorting table, $5; pliers
(green lumber), $6; lumber grad-,
er, $6.50; feeder (planer), $5.50;
taller (planer), $6; teamsters, (2
horses), $5.25; assistant shipper,
A walkout took place at Camp 1,
Skookumchuck, when the foreman
turned down the demands of thc
workers at that camp. Tho de*
mamls were: "That the cook bo
given more help;
"Tbat a fence be placed between
tbe   pigs   and   workers   at   that
The foreman could not see it that
v.ay and so lost his crew. These
foremen will wake up some day,
or tlie companies, and then these
walkouts will be out of date, and a
th'.ng of the past.
Some of tbe workers coming
from the Crow's Nest Pass Lumber
Company camps report thnt when
workers are token sick tbey ore
left in these camps for days before
being sent down to the hospital. If
this is the cose why do not thc
workers in these camps get active
and see that these men are sent
out? It Is no good for you workers to come to this ooffiee and do
some kicking and let it go at that.
When you are in camp and cases
like this happen, get your camp
committee to go and domand that
the sick worker be sent to the hospital, and then stick by your com'
mittee whom you have elected to
carry your demands. In this district I only know of one company
that Is looking after their sick
workers. It lms a hospital hut In
camp and a male nurse to attend
to the wants of the sick workers.
Why not put a hospital In all
camps and a first aid man. The
compensation boards say there
shall be one with equipment for
firat nid work. Anything that the
law and the Workmen's Compensation Board gives you, "you should
have," but it Is up to the workers
to see that they do have these
things, and when you arc in camp
that Is the right place for you to
place your demnnds, and get what
the law says you shall have, so the
next time any of you workers
chance lo be in a camp where
sick man Is laying just get busy and
sec that he Is shipped out to
place where he enn get medical attendance, and then wben you come
to town you can throw out youn
chest and tell me how it was done.
Donations Received
Defense  fund,   Quatslno   camp,
(per A. B. Andorson), $35.35,
Wanted—The address of Frank
Asslln, who went to work in Kanr
loops district several months ago.
Boom Cnmp
A meeting wns held recently,
which it was decided to take up
with the foreman the question of
being paid overtime for work in
excess of 8 hours, and also to see
why some men were left to lay in
camp whilst others worked, The
foreman agreed to do his best to
conform to the 8-hour day, or
mnke some arrangement concern
ing same, also to regulate work
on stormy days so that each man
received equal treatment. Work
on new bunk house fs still progressing, and things running fairly
General Items
Members going on the Grand
Trunk Boats to Buckley Bay and
other points are warned to get the
berths they pay for. Some men
with first-class tickets could only
get second-class berths, whereas
the others could not get any. Men
travelling on the Grand Trunk Pacific should be sure that they get
the accommodations they pay for
before leaving Vancouver.
Contributions to Winnipeg Defense
Fund from Quatelno
Contributions as follows: Rex
South, $4.80; S. Hanes, $3.65; J.
Durrant, $4.80; L. B. Tucker,
$4.30; It. Coatoff, $4.80; S. Hosoff,
$4.55; Sam Castoff, $3.55; Alex.
Popovich, $5.
By the act of 1917, every person
and every corporation carrying on
business lh tbe province in connection with the industries of mining,
foundries, machine shops, lumbering, plup and paper mills or fishing,
shall pay wages at least semimonthly, except In Lhe cose of an
employee employed under a contract where the yearly salary or
wages is 2000 a year or over.
Every person or corporation violating the provision of this act arc
liable on summary conviction, to a
penalty of not less .than $25'and
not more than one hundred dollars.
There Is no provision in the act regarding the location of the work.
There iff a provision regarding location of work under "The Truck
Act," which provides for payment
of wages to be made In cash, but
that provision only applies, speak'
ing broadly, to work done within
three miles of a town.
In places more than three miles
from an incorporated town, the employer-must make payment either
in cash, cheque, time cheque at
least twico a month. Failure on
his part to do so constitutes
breach of the act and makes him
liable to penalty.'
Contributions to Dcfentse, Fund
Since March 26th
\ViIson & Brady camp, Heriot
Bay, $27; Whalen P. & P. camp,
Port Alice, $16; Camp 4, Campbell
River, $162.25; Kingcome Biver
camp, $75.50; Burnett's camp, McKenzie Sound, $190; mlscell-»i«ous
contributions, $7.   Total, $480.75.
A. Wallln, Andrew Maguinn, M.
C. Tomfflner, J. Salo, John Campbell, Wm. Ruthven, J. Wenberg, C.
Wlkstrom, Swan Millor, N. Lay-
ton, A. Erickson, A. Noble, M. Mc-
Charles, F. Thiele, H. Copeland,
Gust Miller, Steve Mlrahren, F. R.
McCharles, Harry Martinson, Klaus
Contribution of $2.50, E. Mun-
Contribution of $1.75,. P. Mc.
Contributions of $1 each as follows:
J. E, Burke, P. A. Person, Joly
Anderson, W. B, Danslan, C. Kask,
E. Anderson, A, Leberls, A. Pearson, Jos. Kushnir, Jas. Leer, P.
Jonkerson, H. Archibald, G. Jamieson, J. B. Manson, F. Holder, H.
Holmstrom, Henry Tomchuk, A.
Vila, Martin Brandt, Tom Jack, K.
F. Tom, Tom King, J. Helander.
Grading. Camp, Stillwater
Contributions of $10 each, J.
Crystal, J. Payne.
Contributions of $5 each as follows:
John Erickson, G. Miles, S. Hillman, C. Nelson, G. B. Bobertson,
C. A. Anderson, Mike Mattuda, A.
Chatham, J. Love, Mcltcdden, E.
Berg, J. Ingram, P. MacFarJanc,
J. McCaura, J. M. Nicohls, Joe
Morris, F. Morrison, M. Iffelland,
M. Olson, L. Lund, K. E. Westman,
Thos. H. Nichols, A. Johnson, K.
Rislakken, A. Nlison, Peter Burk-
land, Gus Johnson, C. Swanson, J.
Anderson, O. Larson, G. Larson, H.
Contributed, $6.75, Jas. Cowle.
. Contributed, $4 each, John Dole,
:N. McDonald, J. Jager.
I   Contributed $3 euch as follows:
L, Franklin, K. Knutson, K.
Swanson, W. Halle, A. L. Anderson. »
i .Contributed $2 each as follows:
I, John Wondonly, C. Sandon, A.
jHildcbrand, R. Neely, J. Oxon. M.
J, ,'jtyan, M. Tavetts, J. Daly, J. J.
Lypeh, L. Kirkham, J. McCarthy,
Johnson, John Hanson, John
Sullivan, James Lockie, C. Watson,
C, Craig.
, Contributed   $2.50,  B.  Wansil.
. Contributed $1.50, Wm. Holman.
Contributed $1 each as follows:
B. Mack well, C. P. Sheppard, G.
Rasmussen, H. C. Hughes, A. Far.
fanjl, Wm. Madden, B. Beverly, J.
S. .McDonald, F. Knajyny.
Headquarters have communicated With the Provincial government suggesting that the Health
Act be amended to provide for the
following amendments:
1. You should define the cubic
space to be provided for each man.
Have authority to abolish double
decker bunks.
Demand cooking and eating
utenlls other than graniteware,
which chip and are dangerous.
Require single iron bedsteads,
with springs and mattresses.
Have bunk houses washed with
disinfectant each week.
Have sanitary store room apart
from the kitchen.
Limit the number of men to a
bunk house.
Require the reading or recreation room to be erected In every
camp so that the men haven't to
pass alt their non-working hours
in the bunk house.
Insist upon a separate building
suitable for and properly equipped
and reserved exclusively for hospital purposes.
Reply has been received that the
matter would be given consideration. It will be interesting to know
what action the government will
take in this matter, as this will be
some concrete evidence that even
In matters which does not affect
the government revenue or expenditures, whether they are willing
to make regulations essential to
health and well-being of the workers ln general or whether this
-might affect the employers' profits to a slight degree, and have
greater weight with them than the
health of the community, whom
they are supposed to represent.
.The following article  appeared' 'tawa valley and In varying degree
On Thursday, 25th, the O. B.
,U, held thu first meeting at tho
Riverside Hail, Blind River. W.
J. Labell acted as chairman, and
W. Cowan addressed tbe meeting,
outlining the alms and objects of
organization. There was a very
big crowd and everybody was
deeply interested. At the close of
the meeting, 45 members signed
up, making a 100 per cent, town
of It, there was no discussion or
questions. A business meeting
was called to order at 10 o'clock
by W. J. Labell.. Oscar Lemleux
was elected chairman, and Fellow
Workers Oscar Lemieux, Dave
Ran ville, Norman John und Geo.
Brown were elected delogatcs, and
the meeting- adjourned.
There are three saw mills here,
so the L. AV. I. if, is pretty well entrenched for the coming summer.
OHO. 78.
Bi'iiH'ii's   Camp,   South   llenlinck
Crew of about 30 men; camp fs
In good shape, single bunks; blankets installed. Bath house just
completed In connection with teh
laundry and a Chinaman does the
washing. All the hoys in camp
ure pleased with conditions in
camp, and the outlook In future is
DEL. 135.
Directory of District Offices
Vancouver, B. 0.; E, Winch, 61 Cordova Street West
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H. Thompson....Box 18
Cranbrook  District—Legal  adviser;    George SprcuII
Kamloops, B. 0 J. I* Peterson Box 812
F 3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0 . Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelson, B. 0 E. Mutch Box 197
'Meetings are held In the O. B. U. Hall, Baker Street,
Nelson, on the flrst and 3rd Sunday of each month at
3 p.m.
Prince George, B.C.... J. Stevenson Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B.C...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 E. Waterson —1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333-lOlst St. E.
Prince Albert, Sask...Geo. Tether 108-8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont. W. Cowan Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont G. Anderson 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont,....T. Mace  Box 390
Webster HaU
Cobalt, Ont -J. D. Cluney .96 Lang St.
Vancouver District Secretary:   61 Cordova St. W.
Members in Grade camp, Stillwater, donated the following
amounts to the nssistanco of the
miners al Bellview, Alta., who arc
locked out because of their refusal
lo sign lhe United Mine Workers
Contribution of $5 each, George
Contributions of $2 each, as follows:
J. Larson, O. Larson, H. ►Stewart, C. Nelson, J. Doal, N. McDonald,
Contributions of $2.50 each, as
Jas. Coure, .1. Chryslall.
Contributions of $1 each, as follows:
L. Franklin, P. Macfarlsne, B.
D. Karman, AV. Madden, J. McCaura, M. Mattuda, J. Anderson,
J. T. Morris, L. Kirkham, Gus
Johnson, Joo Beverly, A. Nflsen, N.
M ellard, Andrew Johnson, Khut
Rislakken, R, Roberts, .1. 8. Macdonald, Frank Knapp, B. Macli-
well, James Lockie, J. J. Lynch,
J. B. McDonald, J. Ingram, S,
Hillman, John Hansen, C. Manson,
G. H. Pembrldgc, J. Payne, L.
Lund, T. McCarthy, G. 'Miles, C.
Nelson, J. Erickson, j. Morrison,
Wm. Holman, Ant Gognon.
Contributions of 60 cents each:
Stove D. Mftros, George Trlfon,
A. Living.
Contributions to Defense Fund
Burnett's camp, McKenzie Is.
land, contributions of $10 each as
A. O, Jensen, C. Gayden, Ben
Contributions of $5 each as follows:
W. Pendlcbury, J. Defrane, W.
Weir, A. Edwards, J. Wilson, A.
Jones, No. 10965, W. Trembli, F,
Klrkby, B. Miller, W. Craig, N.
Hanson, E, Howard, E. Olson, E.
McCabe, M. McCa.'t, A. M. Anderson, E. Johnson, G. Haska, M,
Davidson, J. Shortall, Jas. Walsh,
J. lllller, T. Cornelius, C. Maloney,
Ed. Shewell, P. Denesky, A. Miller,
W. Wulkeri, J. Alexander, Sam
I. T. Co., Campbell River, B. C.
Contribution of $17.00 from Jack
Contribution of $7 from A.
O'Hondt and Frank Pettier,
Contributions of $5 each as follows:
Peter Felix, Frank Lapelle, W.
Carlson, Tom Butoroc, M. Patterson, C. 6. Draper, J. C. Edwards,
T. W. Hanson,'Chas. Dewing, A.
Contributions of IH each:
C, Erickson, Allan McBeth, G.
Johnson, H. Nichols, John Binkey,
O, Elllngson.
Contributions of $2 each ns follows:
Harold Taylor, J. Carey, Geo.
Jackson, J. Carmichacl, Fred Cyr,
Ladder Lake Lumber Co.
One hundred per cent, organised. Still working the 9-hour, but
paid double time for overtime, and
no discrimination because of be
ing ii union man.
After reading camp reports, I am
suprrised at the number of complaints of "bum cooks,," In my estimation, thc cook Is the main man
around camp; good grub means
healthy workers, also keeps the
boys in good humor. I claim a
cook ought to qualify and receive
a certificate, and a clause put into
the government camp rules making this compulsory.
An amateur cook can do a lot of
harm before he can be got rid of.
Why not a cook school run-by the
Province? Who will only Issue
certificates to men capable of cooking food fit to eat.
In the Federationist of March
26 lust., an article was printed regarding kitchen worker. The writer went, on to say he works from
12 to 14 hours a day; ho is very
■lucky to get off at that. About
wages, a cook gets about 35 cents
per hour, while the lowest paid
man in the woods get about 60
cents per hour, surely the poor
cook deserves as much as the
whistle boy. It is aljout time they
all got together and got an 8-hour
day like the kitchen worker. By
my own experience 1 know what
thc cook bas to put up with.
Wake the cook up at 3 or 4 o'clock
in the morning to «et meals and
lunches (especially in a railway
camp) and still he on the Job for
the 6 o'clock breakfast. If there
was no water or wood In, "O, well,
thfit is ull right, let the cook do
It." I cun't see the reason why
a cook has to Join the union under
such conditions as this, or are the
men willing to eat food cooked by
a scab cook, who works 14 hours
a day while they only work 8
hours. Wake up at onco and better your camp conditions, Here's
Wishing tho writer of March 26 thc
best of success for better kitchen
Information required concerning
relatives or whom address of deceased member, Albert Pnrlce,
Send thc information to headquarters as early as possible.
The Following Appeal Has Been Sent In
From District No. 1, Mining Unit,
O.B.U., Taber, Alta.
COMRADES: District No. 1 Mining Department oi! thc
One Big Union ure appealing for funds to help the mine.ru
of Bellevue, Alta., who have hecit |<jcked out by the West
Canadian Collieries Co. who arc insisting with the assistance of lhe Minister of Labor, that our men sign the International United Mine Workers check-off form, which
gives thc eoal company power to deduct a certain amount
of money from the wages of our men, this money folic
sent by thc eoal eompany to the office of thc United Mine
Workers, in Calgary, and from there to Indianapolis,
Indiana, U. S. A. we will fight the signing of this cheek-
off to a finish in this district, no Minister of Labor will
bc allowed to force our men into nny organization against
their will. We demand the right of self-determination, the
right to belong to any organization, so long jus that organization is within the jurisdiction of the Inws of this country, we appeal to you for funds to help us win this fight
in Bellevue, if we win in this camp, we have thc International beaten in this district, they have spent $230,000,
since last August trying to hold this district, with the assistance of Robertson aud government stool pigeons.
Kindly send all monies to Rod. McDonald, Blairmore,
Yours for the success of thc One Big Union,
In addition the matter of amendments to the Workmen's Compensation Act was also taken up, and
the following suggested amendments made:
The nominal 55 per cent, compensation Is inadequate and whilst
of the opinion that a workman Is
sufficiently penalized by the physical discomfort, without being financially punished and consequently, should not suffer any loss of
wages as a result of the accident,
nevertheless, we consider that 75
per cent, is thc lowest percentage
of compensation he should receive;
particularly aa his present compensation Is only nominally, not actually 55 per cent, as stated, owing
to the limitation of the maximum
amount, and when it is taken Into
consideration that many workers'
wages have, during the recent period, been advanced a considerable
amount to meet in some degree the
Increased living costs, nevertheless,
the maximum basis has not been
advanced, consequently hiB actual
loss, instead of being 45 per cont.
as would appear on the surface,
Is even more nearly 75 per cent.
The three day's lost period
should also be eliminated, particularly In those cases in which the
disability exists for any considerable period.
Tho maximum compensation to
widows and dependents !s totally
inadequate, and bears no relationship to tho cost of maintenance.
The strongest possible exception
is taken to the non-Inclusion of
strained back and hernia as compensation injuries.
Provision should also be made
for other forms of treatment than
that provided by drug and surgical
(lends. Treatment by qualified osteopaths or chiropractors should
be provided for when there Is reason to believe that such form of
treatment may be beneficial.
Workmen under an approved
medical scheme Bhould have the
same freedom of choice of doctor
as is accorded to workmen where
such scheme is not In existence.
Possibly in this Industry to i
greater degree than In others, wi
have th,; remarkable condition ex
isting by which it is cheaper to
kill a man than to injure hlrn.
This is owing to the large number
of unmarried men employed, and
OS the Act Is at present constituted, it places a premium (less penalty) upon the employer In killing
a mnn than in injuring him. This
can be overcome by having a minimum of substantial financial penalty against the employer in the
event of tbe death of a workman
without dependents and using lhat
money for Increased benefits to
widows or children.
Some provision should be made
by which an Injured workman losing part of his efficiency, should
not be cut off from full compensation Immediately the doctor kIvch
an opinion that he is qualified to
do light work, it should continue
until he is in a position to secure a
Job which does not require the full
efficiency called for In his previous
occupation; for the reason that the
injured workman is doubly handicapped. First, because In the more
limited demand for partially efficient men a* compared with fully
efficient men, nnd secondly, because, in seeking employment, he
bas to meet the competillnn of ox-
servlce men who were injured at
the front, and at the present lime
given a preference by tho employer when requiring «ome one for
work of this nature. The argument which mny be advanced that
thc proposal is merging Into an
unemployment compensation wc
do not accept, for the reason thnt
his unemployment Is a direct result of the Injury.
Jlopouled Instances have come to
our notice m which, owing to the
delay of the employer, or doctor in
sending a report, or, as sometimes
happens,  delay by the doctor In
In the March, 1920, issue of the
Canadian Forestry Journal. \ It
presents views on the present condition of the lumber market which,
to say the least, does not cover the
whole situation, and puts the main
responsibility upon the alleged Inefficient workman. A discussion
of the article In camp, and in thc
press, should have considerable educational value:
To many a prospective lumber
iuirchaser there seems a disheartening discrepancy between what
looks like and abundance of threes
In the forest and the amount of
money demanded of him for 5000
feet of serviceable boards. If logs
were lumber, the price might indeed be sliced off many per cent,
but trees and logs are merely one
factor in production. The conversion of trees into merchantable
products requires a very unusual
application of expensive manual
labor, and this factor alone fs capable of accounting for the greater
part of the lumberman's troubles
and greatly Increased expenses of
producing his goods.
5000 Men Missing
Perhaps the fact that may impress the lumber consumer most
emphatically js that since the declaration of war and the heavy enlistment from the ranks of Canadian woodsmen, more than 5000
skilled workers In Eastern Canada
alone, highly essential to the conduct of thc lumber Industry in this
section, have been lost to thcir former employment, mostly through
seeking easier and more congenial
jobs in towns and cities. The deterioration of man power in Canadian woods operations has been
most marked. Years ago a gang
commonly accounted for eight to
ten thousand feet, board measure,
in a day's work. Today a gang of
the same numerical strength will
not average half that production.
There is a series of costly discrepancies also In the accuracy with
which they do their work, so that
the old-time skill and economy in
turning a stand of timber Into the
maximum number of merchantable
units is not today commonly In evidence. This depreciation In personnel Is a development that the
Canadian lumberman would go far
to remedy, for if adds Immeasurably to his worries, and, of course,
reacts upon the market price of
lumber products.
Inefficient Workers
It has become a common saying
today tlrat timber cutting has
changed from a one-gang system,
to a three-gang system, the latter
referring to the consequences of
industrial unrest whereby quite
frequently, while one gang is at
work producing logs, another gang
is going In to take its place and a
third gang of disgruntled men is
coming out. As a general flgure,
it is probably safe to say that
coupling quality and quantity of
work per day, the hulk of shanty-
men (in Ontario and Western Quebec at all events) are not abovo
50 per cent, efficient as compared
with thc standard of, say 1913.
Tfic shiftlessness of sueh a large
proporiion of present-day lumberjacks Is perhaps not very difficult
to account for' \vhen ono considers
that 5000 of the veteran workmen,
who previously gave stability to
the labor market, have quit their
old employment and have left the
jobs to a like number of uninitiated workmen. To the latter class,
shanty work lacks a good many of
the soeial amenities of the town
and city, and a few weeks restless
unemployment Is apt to make such
a man give a willing ear to the
cam]» agitator.
Labor Tnrest
Another Interesting and vital
fnct taken from the 1919-20 ex
pqriciicc of lumbermen in the Ot
over other parts of Eastern Canada, Is that In the average camp
that should have a staff of 80 to
100 men, labor unrest often results
ih stripping tho camp of half' Kb
complement at the period of the
year when production should he
highest. The reader will bear In
mind also that the flxe* overhead
charges remain about the same
whether the woods operations are
going at full blast or under a half
crew. Foremen, superintendent*,
bookkeepers and clerks must be
held on the job and the cost of
supervision itself has materially
risen. At the sawmill end, also,
the reduced hours of labor and advance of wages of from 80 to 100
per cent, between 1913 and 1920
bear upon the cost of lumber la
thc retail yard.
Feeding the Lumberjack
The wages paid to sbantymen
always arc in addition to board
and lodging. Here we come upon
yet another factor that helps to
add dollars to the market price of
a thousand feet of spruce or pine.
Comparing the wholesale prices in
1913-14 and 1919-20 at Ottawa, the
four big items of staple food have
advanced approximately as follows:
Flour from $4,80 per barrel to
Oats from 45c per bushel to }1.
Hay from $15 per ton to $30.
Pork-from $23 per bbl. to $48.
Plant and equipment, aa between
the bix years mentioned, show an
Increase of 150 per cent. Blankets,
■which were $4.50 a pair in 1913
are now $12.50 to $15 a pair.
Wages have increased 120 to 140
per cent. In 1913, wane rates in
the woods ran from $2S to $30 a
month, and today are from $05 tu
$60 a month plus board.
Freight Rates Also
Another factor directly increasing the cost of lumber to the consumer has been the advance In
freight rates by the railway companies. First came an advance of
16 per cent, with a maximum of
one cent per hundred pounds, then
a further scaling up of 25 per cent,
with a maximum of 5 cents per
hundred pounds.
It Is well also to hear in mind
that thc popular notion that lumbermen obtained their limits for
"a mere song" and are cashing in
on a piece of good luck and government generously, is not borne
out by facts. The "mere song"
may run into scores of thousands
uf dollars, and no investment in
the world Is so constantly exposed
to depreciation through forest
fires as Is true of a timber limit
purchaso in most parts of lhe Dominion. Except for a small area
In thc Eastern States there is us
yet no auch thing as timberland
insurance against destruction by
fire. It Is the purpose of the Forestry Journal fn an onsulng number to explain some of the facts
associated with timberland tenure
In Canada, from which It will be
seen that, except for a relatively
small percentage, the great bulk
of the timber lands now under operation represent a lnrge capital Investment with heavy currying
Powell River, elc., wo find an anxiety on the part of the medical at'
tendant to get thc men out of hospital as quickly ns possible. This
has the effect of throwing the often very greatly Increased cost of
living in hotels Instead of camp
upon the workman, and whilst ya\
may argue thut it wna never llu
intention of the Act lo keep a man
In the hospital who could Just as
well live outside, nevertheless, the
fact remains tlmt in many instances the workman is undoubtedly
paiinli.H'd to a considerable degree
owing to the increased cost of thc
hotel accommodation,
Tho government's action will be
awaited with interest.
Donations Reoelved
Camp 8, Port Alice (per John
Danielson), $73; Orford Hay hogging Co., llaza. Island, $157.50;
Hedley Metal Miners, $11.
Died  at  Vancouver.
Mark Kehoe, who has previously worked at Campbell River,
died April 8 at Vancouver, B. C.
Further information Is to hand
of Injured patients being charged
$2.00 a day for board whilst in the
hospital on the grounds that it was
not necessnry for tbem to remain
there whilst recovering from an
accident and consequently were not
entllled to remain In hospital at
tlie expense of the Compensation
Board. Other members having
similar experiences are requested to
«end In information anil iu the
meantime members ore warned to
use this institution an tittle as possible, and also any institution operated by the Columbia Coast Mission.
Wanted, the address of W.
.Strong. Anyone knowing same
please communicate with Vancouver headquarters.
sending a progress report, the
workman Is unnecessarily and unjustly penalized through his inability to receivp the compensation.
We suggest two reports, tho workman's and the employers or doctor's should be sufficient to put tho
claim in order for the payment of
In  many caw.*,  particularly in
the amall localities,   such   us the
$6 Camps M%r Mills $5
Enforce the Laws! PAGE FOUR
twelfth i-EAit. no. is    THE HRITISH COLUMBIA"FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. c.
FRIDAY April  9,   1929
1 B.C. 1111
Published •wy Friday morning by The B. 0.
Vederotionist, Limited
k. a veluL
Mee:   Labor Temple,  405 Dnnemmt  Street.
Telephone Soymour 8871
fiubacribtion Bates: United Statei nnd Foreign,
$2.50 per yearj Canada, *2.00 por year; to
Uniona subscribing in a body, 41-50 per
member per year.
Unity of Labor: Tbe Hope of tbe World
.April  9,   t»20
IT is impossible to ascertain if "justice"
is satisfied by the sentences meted out
to the labor men in Winnipeg. There is
little doubt, however, that the "law" as
interpreted by Mr. Justice Metealfe, and
Mr. A. J. Andrews, K. C,
HO once active representatives
SETBACK ol the Citizens' Commit-
TO LABOR tee, alias Winnipeg's Soviet administration, has
been upheld. No doubt, now that
Pritohard et al. are behind the bars, the
"Beds" in this country will be "suppressed," and duly "impressed," by the
"majesty" of the Metcalfe law. While
the sentences were being considered in
Winnipeg', the heart of the Empire (London, England) was thc scene of a gathering of the reddest of the "Reds," at
which opinions that would make the hair
Btand up on Mr. Justice Metcalfe's head,
were expressed. Be it noted that these
expressions were freely made, and to date
we have not heard of any of those who
were at this conference being arrested.
What their fate would have, been if they
had come within the jurisdiction of Mr.
Andrews we tremble to think. The
opinions, according to the daily press,
were as follows:
A Scottish organizer declared the
British Socialist Party could not do
better than foster every tendency in
the movement that led towards revolution.
A Dunkeld delegate informed thc
conference that a thoroughly organized soviet waB in existence' iu his
town ready to seize power when the
revolution came. He urged the necessity of every town forming a similar
Another delegate said the British
Empire should be broken up. In his .
opinion thc most dangerous principle
was the spirit of patriotism and all
efforts must be used to destroy it. A
resolution supporting an Irish repub-
lie was carried.
Stranger than the opinions expressed,
is the fact that this gathering was presided over by the Mayor of Bethnal
Green. There can bc little doubf that the
Canadian upholders of the British Empire, as represented by the Canadian Government, and particularly the Minister of
Labor in that government, will be duly
shocked at this laxity in the heart of the
empire, and so that the very pillars of
modern society shall not be destroyed, we
would suggest that Mr. Andrews, IC. C,
be at once dispatched to England to in>
stitute proceedings against the men who
would dare to voice such sentiments.
* » *
Aside from the absolute folly of the
Canadian Government being of the
opinion that ideas can be' killed by such
methods as were employed in thc Winnipeg strike, and subsequent arrests, the
outstanding feature of the Winnipeg
trials, in so far as thc Crown's case is concerned, is the fact that nothing has yet
been produced that would denote a conspiracy. It is true that letters and other
Bo-called evidence were produced. In fact
tons of this kind of material were presented by the crown as evidence of seditious conspiracy, but in no instance have
the convicted men been proven to have
conspired to overthrow the government.
There is, however, evidence to prove that
the Citizens' Committee did take control
of thc City of Winnipeg, and that it was
through thc activities of tliis organization
that trouble and disorder arose during
thc strike. In every case where trouble
breaks out in any industrial strugglc.it
can inevitably bc traced to the activities
of those who do not, or will not, understand the situation.
The lack of understanding of conditions, however) docs not always remain
with the ruling class. In many cases thc
workers, who, while filled with enthusiasm, but lacking in knowledge of the position of the working class, and the position
of the ruling class, and tho tactics of that
class, have played thc masters' game. Tlie
incarceration of the Winnipeg strike
spokesmen could not have been possible
had the working class ol' Uiis country have
understood their position. The Metcalfe
interpretation of thc law will not stand a
day longer than the day when working
class ignorance is dispelled. The Robertsons, and the Mcighenx, can only officiate while there is a working class that
lias no conception of the position of the
members of that class. It is inevitable
that while capitalism lasts that there will
bc industrial unrest. There will be strikes,
and no law can stop them. There will be
struggles between sections of the ruling
class and'factions of the working class.
And even in these struggles the workers
will be more efficient and powerful if they
realize their position in society, and understand ruling class tactics. Many strikes
are the direct result of the manipulations
of the employing class, who for some
reason desire to sec a cessation of industry. We are of the opinion that the
Winnipeg strike, and later the strike in
the Crow's Nest Paas coal fields, were
engineered by the employers. The workers not understanding, fell itno the traps
that were laid for them. Asa result some
of the best educated men in the ranks of
the working class of this country are in
durance vilej this is not so mucOi due to
thc vindictivencsa of the ruling class as it
is to tho igmrancc of tlie working class.
While the men found guilty by a farmei
jury are in gaol, the ideas which tlicj
hold have been given greater prominence
by the trials than they could have been
given by any other means. Not only that,
but the conditions from which they gathered the opinions they held, are daily creating iu the minds of men thc thoughts
which bring them to a study of modern
society. No gaol that was ever built can
prevent the spreading of socialistic views.
They are just as inevitable as the rising
of the sun. They are born of conditions,
and the conditions are becoming more and
more favorable to thc spreading of those
ideas. In the old land, these ideas are
freely expressed without let or hindrance,
as is evidenced b.v the above quotatiotis.
In Canada the workers are discussing Socialism, and the class struggle which has
been so plainly shown in Winnipeg,
in every street car, in every meeting hall, and on the strects.And while the
men who have been convicted of seditious
conspiracy are in gaol, the government of
this country is responsible for more socialistic, propaganda than the Socialist
Party of Canada could ever hope to have
promulgated. This will result in the
workers becoming better acquainted as to
their position in society, and instead of
having retarded the education of the
working class, the trials have been of invaluable assistance, and thc next time the
workers are brought face to face with
the State in an indusrial struggle, it won't
take policemen's clubs, to bring it home
to them. The eight men in gaol are more
dangerous to the present system than they
ever could be if they were free. Thc ruling class of this country always does the
wrong thing at the right time, and in
this ease it has run true to form. In
Great Britain experience has taught the
ruling class a little discretion, but this
cannot be expected from a ruling class
lhat does not even understand how h got
its power. The workers, however, will
learn their lesson in the school of experience, and the Winnipeg trials have been
a great help. If justice isjiot satisfied, the
beneficiaries of ruling class laws are sure
to be workers.
THE WORLD was never in such a
muss as it is at the present time.
There never was so much human suffering
as there is today. And there never were
more organizations whose function it is to
try and alleviate the
THE WORLD'S misery that present-
MISERIESAND day civilization im-
THE CURE ' poses on the slaves of
the capitalistic, world.
During the past week citizens of Vancouver have been urged by the means of a
circular letter to contribute towards the
relief of the people in Eastern Europe
who are suffering as a result of thc war.
We have no quarrel with those who are
behind this project, except that we realize
that their efforts will be of no avail, and
the money collected will be like a drop in
a bucket, and will not make any appreciable difference in the conditions of the
people who are today, as the circular letter says, "becoming homeless wanderers. '' The following passage from the circular letter^ referred to is, however, not
strictly true, and is at least somewhat misleading, in so far as to the causes of the
suffering: ^_
"The civil population of Eastern
Europe has been driven to the last extremes of want by the war machines
of Germany, Austria and Russia.
These people arc now homeless wanderers and the famine and disease are
turning this country into a charnel
house, fathers sit by while children
starve; insane mothers nurse dying
babies at milkless breasts; boys and
girls are sapped of their vitality in
their search for food. In many districts there is not a child alive under
foitr years of age."
This is the result of capitalism. This
is the outcome of our boasted civilization,
and men who oppose the present system
are thrown into gaol. No greater indictment of the present system was ever made
by a Socialist thau the above passage; it
epitomizes capitalistic civilization, with its
train of death and destruction.
Wc were uot aware that the war machine of Russia, which was broken and
destroyed when the workers of that country took control of things, and was only
revived to save fbc revolution from the
reactionary attacks ot the Allies, had anything to do with the situation in Eastern
Europe. It is, however, true that the present world chaos is the direct result of
the militarism and imperialism, which
has been given such an impetus in the
countries that engaged in the late war on
the grounds of democracy, and the crushing of Prussian militarism. French, British, Italian aud American capitalistic
methods aud vengeance are partly the
cause of most of the suffering in Europe
today. The policies of lliese nations with
respect to Soviet Russia, which has compelled thc Bolsheviki government in that
country to raise a fighting force, instead
of bending the energies of the people tb
productive effort, has bcen onc of the immediate causes, while the system, which
was thc cause of thc war, is the primary
cause of all the suffering that is in existence in all capitalistic countries, as well
as in the war-torn areas.
AVe have bcen told that Socialism will
destroy the home. We are daily informed through the press, that the red policies
of the working class will bring death and
destruction in tlieir train. If Socialism
could bring forth anything worso than the
conditions that prevail in Europe today,
it would indeed be a deplorable thing.
But capitalist apologists warn us against
tho very things that capitalism has
brought about. Apart from the slaughter
of millions of people that took place in
the late war, there arc hundreds of tho'U:
sands slaughtered yearly in tho mills,
mines and factories. The homes, mean
though they be, arc destroyed by capitalism every day. In war times, and the
periods of misery that follows in thcir
wake, death and desolation stalk through
JJie world, and the misery of the people
occomes greater as Tapitalism  develops.
The only real cause of the suffering in
.he world today is human slavery.   Since
he first slave was shackled, thc position
of the only useful people in society has
become worse, until today, in the day
when wago slavery is tottering, and the
capitalistic system which is built on it is
rotten with its own corruption, and is
doomed, millions of people are starving to
death, or succumbing to disease, brought
about by the suffering endured during thc
bloody years that are just past. Philanthropic minded people who would attempt
to relieve the suffering in the world are
helpless; in fact, in many eases, those who
head Hie charitable organizations, which
attempt, to deal with these conditions, will
be found to be thc very people who would
resist any attempt to bring about any
change in conditions that would bring order out of chaos, and happiness out of
misery. In most cases those who head
these kind of organizations, arejhose who
benefit by thc system which creates the
misery that they attempt to relieve. In
the United States, a the head of such organizations, will bc found men who arc
content, nay, who insist, that Gene Debs
and men of his type who preach a remedy
for the world's ills, shall be imprisoned.
In Canada, the charitable organizations
are headed by men and women who gloat
over the imprisonment of men like
Pritchard, Ivens, and those men, Who because they saw the perils of capitalism,
voiced their opposition to the system that
starves millions, kills other millions, and
compels many more millions to live iu
bondage so that the present ruling class
can wallow in luxury and power. The
miseries of the people in Eastern Europe,
the slavery of humanity, with all its attendant .ills cannot be relieved by charity.
They can only be relieved when the present system of capitalistic exploitation and
chaos is wiped out, and the people produce for use, and by so doing provide for
tlieir needs, and all men are compelled to
ljjfe by the sweat of their own brows, and
not on the blood and tears of a slave class.
The working class is the only class
that can bring this about. The mission
of the workers is the greatest the world
has ever known, bnt they do not realize
The Mothers' Pensions Bill has been introduced in the Provincial House. At this
time we are not in a position to say just
what the provisions of this piece of legis-
lation are, but they should at least pTOf
vide for the maintenance of mothers wjiti
have no one to support them. Or4
ganized labor, and many women's
organizations have agitated for this
legislation for a number of yet^Js,
not with any expectation that it would,,be
a panacea for all the ills of the working
people, but with the object of giving the,
children, who from no fault of thcir oWh,
are left without fathers to provide |or.
them, the benefit of a mother's care. This1
kind of legislation will be necessary so
long as capitalism lasts, but with the end
of the present system, Russia's example
will be followed, ana women and children will then become the first care of thc
The serrice of the B. C. Electric Railway is of such a nature as to make it compulsory for passengers to stand in thc
vestibule. This is particularly noticeable
in the rush hours, when the strap-hanger
has his daily exercise and gymnastic recreation. No doubt this is good for men
who work in offices, but we fcannot recom-
ment this kind of physical culture for the
women folks who have to compete with
the men for standing room at the rear end
of the cars. It is quite natural that the
people, at least the male section of those
who are compelled to use the street cars
in order to get home, and who are compelled to put up with the accommodation
afforded on the rear platform, and sometimes on the steps, should have a desire
to mitigate their miseries by smoking. The
men we particularly sympathize with,
however, are the men who are compelled
to enforce the no-smoking regulations recently enforced. It will only add another
little burden to their daily round of toil
and make what would appear at the
best of times a none too comfortable job,
a little harder. A few more cars would
do away with the necessity of using thc
vestibule, and the smoking evil would be
eliminated. But then this would cost
money, so what's thc use.
The "Honorable" Gideon Robertson has
spoken. He has made statements in the
last refuge of political has beens, thc Senate. His topic was naturally labor
troubles, for is he not tho Minister of
Labor?, He has predicted changes" that
are to be made, in the "Lemon"! Act,
otherwise known as the Lemieux Act, or
the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act.
Wc gather from the statements of thp honorable gentleman that this aet is,to be
amended, so that men will not be allowed
to strike, and employers not allow'ed to
lock out their employees, until this fyjthas
been put into operation, and the provisions
for conciliation have been used and exhausted. Consistency is stated t« ibe a
jewel. But the Minister of Lab'ot i can
never be accused of being full of tli^igems
of consistency. It is not very long ago
that the miners in the interior aske&for a
board of conciliation; they were refused.
The miners were members of the 0. B. U.
The miners in several camps in Alberta
are locked out. They would not conform
to the dictates of the director of coal
operations, who is a government agent,
and we have not yet heard that the Minister of Labor has interested himself in
seeing that the employers sought conciliation. Possibly this is because the miners
prefer to belong to the 0. B. V. and not
the International union. If 0. B. U. members are not to be allowed to have the
privilege—if it be Wat—of having a conciliation board, and tbey go on strike, will
they bc penalized. Perhaps we shall learn
just what is the intention as we go along.
In the meantime, it might be well for the
workers to take careful note of thc activities ot the Department of Labor,
Winnipeg Trades Council
Follows Advice of
Trades Congress
'Winnipeg, Mann., April -t.—To
ro-establlsh trade unionism before
the law, such In the object of the
Winnipeg Trades and Lahor Council, which has split with the Defence committee. The Trades
congress of Canada has been Invited to Winnipeg to consider the
situation. At a meeting of the
Trades and Labor Council Tuesday
night, E. Itobinson, secretary, read
correspondence from P. M. Draper,
secretary of the Trades Congress.
This advised tha council to break
with tho defence committee, und
to postpone further definite action until preaident Tom Moore,
who is on the ocean, returned to
Ottawa. Mr. Robinson said ho
did not want the position tn be
misunderstood. It was the duty of
all labor organisations, politieal,
social or industrial, to make a united effort in connection with the
only policy for which success could
be hoped for.
Mr. Bobinson then read thc
draft ot a letter which it was proposed to issue broadcast to labor.
This set forth that since lost June,
organized labor had been restricted in its actions in order that
these might not react on the men
on trial. Now that the challenge-
had been thrown to labor, however, and for its own preservation,
labor must take It up. It was emphatically stated that the Internationals wero the only organisation
that could hope to get anything
like satisfaction, and that it was
up to other labor organisations to
line up with them, and make labor present a solid front when the
issues at stake were so vitally important. The couneil will, therefore, not be officially represented
.at the convention which the Defence committee has called for
Sunday, April 11, in the Columbia
Theatre, at which it is expectod
800 delegatea will be present.
Unions Breaking Away
in Ever-increasing
The railroad carmen of Los Angeles, Cal., voted at a mass meeting and again by referendum vote,
with two agents, to break away
from the International and join
the O. B. IT. There were about
400 men in the union and a lot of
non-union men in the shops, most
o( the latter having signed up with
the O. B. U. previously. With
these and other crafts Joining up,
a big transportation unit Is looked
forward to for that city.
Twelve Shop Cards.
In San Pedro the O. B. U. meetings nre growing larger as eaoh
onc is hold. In Oakland and San
Francisco the movement is making great strides. Two organizers
are in tho field in both places.
Twelvo shop cards have recently
been placed ln barber shops and
restaurants. The Criminal Syndicalist Law, however, Is keeping
back the growth of the movement
to a great extent.
In New Tork . the seven machinist locals that have broke
away from the international are
putting it up to the other twenty-
seven locals In the district to break
away from the international and
go O. B. U.    The machinist lodge
of Bridgeport,  Conn.,  has    voted
unanimously to join the O. B. U.
Ekvtrlcal  Workera  for  O.  B.  V.
The tNew York Independent
Electrical Workers Union, one of'
many who have broken away from
the International during thc past
two years, lias a committee getting
In touch with all the independent
unions for the purpose of getting
together In the O. ,B. U.
Chicago Carpenters Ako.
Great dissatisfaction exists
among the carpenters in Chicago
over the actions of the international, and a . per capita tax
amounting to over .5000 is being
held bock from the international
office m order to force demands,
lf these demands are not met thc
carpenters are going O. B. U.
The International officers are
now getting excited over the number of unions breaking away, and
Sammy Gompers had J. Cannon
ami some other officials address a
mass meeting in New York to try
und clear up the situation. After
several speeches had beon made
the situation tiecame so tense thut
the officials left hurriedly and the
meeting broke up in confusion.
In Billings, Mont., thc carpenters are so much enraged over
the recent tactics of an organizer,
that if tlie matter Is not cleared
up, the men may rally round the
One Big Union.
Introduce   Bill   for   Amnesty   utul
Pardon for Political Prisoner*" In IJ. S.
Politicians are going to make
love to Labor and Liberals of all
sorts from now on to eelction day.
Spring is at hand, and the candidate's instinct to mate with the
masses has begun to assert itself.
The wooing of Labor is not confined to the stump speech. This
great love finds a way into the
most sacred precincts. It has
penetrated to the courts. It haa
granted a. new trial to Rose Pastor
It may release Eugene Debs and
Kate O'Hare by the 4th of July.
That will depend upon the votes
that can be made by official mercy
and forgiveness. There is a joint
resolution In Congress calling for
"amnesty and -pardon for political
prisoners in the United States."
President Wilson will oppose the
resolution, because to him there is
no such thing as a political prisoner in America. But the purpose of
the resolution is in line with the
best political expediency.
Don't pay fancy profits—buy
here and save money,
Special! for Friday ud Saturday
.50 Pepsndent    35
1.50 Scott's Emulsion  1.13
.75 AUbey'g Salts  51
.35 Castorla   - „... .99
.50 Orchard White   .35
.35 Mennen's Talcum  14
1.00 norma Face Powdor   .67
.25 Nature's Itemed/   ..... .17
.50 Gin  Pills  .. .".  34
1.00 Reid's  Hair  Tonic    .67
.SO Miiiard's Liniment  81
.35 Aspirin Tablets,  1 dos, 10c;
8 for   .25
.50 Lyman's Groats  .... ,25
.75 Nnjol    „ 58
.50 Pebeco Tooth Pasta   31
.30 Verio's Cough Cure 31
.25 Hepchaui's Pills 18
.50 Palm Olive  Shaving Cream.. .35
.25 Glycerin*  IT
.75 Cnnuen Face Powder 62
.25 Castor Oil  .. 17
1.00 Nnxated  Iron  70
.50 Diapepsin 35
.35 Calox Tooth Powder 23
.50 Pond's Vanishing Cream  34
.75 Dorin'i Brunette Rouge 52
■K5 .fad   Hulls    - 56
| .15 Witch Soot Destroyer  10|
ibe 0Bi<ux/a out bate dboo-
—Serin fltort,—
405 Heatings W —Sey. 1968
7 Halting! W  —Be,. 9532
16!l Hinting! E.   Sty, 8039
Ifl Unnville SI S.r. 1019
1700. Commercial Drire ....Hlgk, 233
(Irsnville and Broadwer ...Bay. 2314
Broadway and Mala  Pair. 4098
Defense Committee to Meet
The Defense Committee
will meet tonight, Friday,
in the B.C. Federationist
office, at 8 p.m.
AU members are requested to attend, aa important
bnsiness will be brought before this meeting.
I . .ii.... ^iWM
Four Large
Good Clothing
Hundreds and Hundreds of Suits and Overcoats—full of value, quality, and right up to
the minute.
$25, $35, $45, $50 to $90
J. N. Harvey
rJ.N.HARVEYjt? Limited
123-125-127 Hastings St.
Also 611-816 Yates Street, Victoria
Canadian Clothes
for Canadian Lads
spring is here, and with it the desire to spruce
Our display of 20th Century Brand Clothing
for young men is the talk of the city.
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
309 Hastings St. West
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
•   Opposite the Orpheum
Matinee  2.30
Evenings 8,20
Pkoai Seymour 8499
"The Unknown
The Litest Mystery Play
A nxi inn
"1> E H IJ V    DA Y"
Othor Big Features
When through with thie paper,
pase It on.
Slag Of Pbone «ejmonr KM (el
Dr. W. J. Curry
■alto 301 Dominion BolKUag
My method of construction ii
perfected according to the
fundamental principles of
dental science.
AU plates are'theoretically
correct and perfectly adapted
for comfort and ease of articulation.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
or» •««!■«■ Tiie i* turn •'•■•et
Dotal ■■« la Attudaaie.
Granville Street
Corner Itefcaoa Street
Aver Owl Dru Mere
Wham* termout tttl
Bank of Toronto
Asseta ovei  $100,000,000
Deporiti     79,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Giving! Account tea, ee
opened at Th* Beuk et Toreato
U (he nim* o( two .t nor*
ponoai. Ia tkeii iccoonti either
pyty mar life okeqeoo ee iepoall
nana,, tet the different membera
of a family or a Arm t Joint tenant
ll oftee ■ greet convenience, lntereat
le pel* ea belaneoa.
Venooever Breech:
Corner Heatings and Gambia Striata
Branohea at:
Victoria,   Herrltt,  Maw Wettnlaiter
tto Abbott Street
Central  Men'a  BroUierllood
Soloial:   Hit. A. at. CRONKH1TI
Pianist:   MR. LEO MAHKEK
Doorl open 2:30
Everybody Welcome
1199 Oeergli striae
Snnday aorricea. 11 a.m. and 7.90 p.m.
Sander eoeoel Immediately following
morning lervioo. Wedneaday tutiatoaW
moeting, a p.m. Froe roading room,
901-903   Birke   Bldg.
Oaloa Olclala. write for prleaa. We
Pollow tkt Crowd to tke
Patricia Cabaret
Oae block tut of Empress Theatro
SMITH,  B.  LOVE  and Ut BBL
Jnttrprot the HUrt song hlti, u*
■iitil by Thi Bronio Jus But
Music. I p.m, ti 1
Supposing 701 were telephoning a
•tore mil you got tor the «niw«r,
"iietlol" would you proceed (o giv*
your ordiT or would you inquire, "Is
that 8o-*nd-.io'i1M At Ihe line tint
you would think how much bettor It
would hnvo beea bad the person replied with the I13.U9 of the store.
Hsd he done io, you would doubtless
hsve siid to yourself, "How, tbit mu
U np to dnte; hi knows how lo sn-
■wor the telephone properly,"
Yet how msny people blurt out
"Hollo!" Merer residing thst It
sounds brusque and tbnt It also inter
feres with oftirlont telephono service.
.Savo Coupon* for  I'tviulunw. u
-   -■   '_.._..
n-lS^V., FRIDAY Apri\ 9,   1920
twelfth yeab. no, ii    THE BRITISH UOLL;Mj3IA FEDERATIONIST    tamcoihtm, b. a
Save on
'jriMiMMmirfs uf people are proving daily that the nwet economical wttl wises* way to buy groceries Is tlie 'Woodward Way.'
Our qiikk-Wlling plan besides enabling ns to sell at rock-bottom
prices, Assures- nice fresh stock at all times.
The following sre some of our pri<je» for one week,
commencing FBIDAT, APBIL. Oth
Coleman's Mustard,
tin   SSo
Coleman's Mustard, .4-lb.    *
tin SOe
Black Pepper, y_t  OOo
White Pepper, %a  SOo
Pendray's Water Oluss. Prc-
•• aerre eggs now.
Per tin 	
White Swan Soap, box ..SOe
White Swan Washing Pow-
■ der, pkt. SOc
Ivory Soap, per bar Ve
I'VI's Naptha Soap,
per bar 	
litrbrulella's Macaroni ,.. 13o
Hlrondella's Spaghetti ., .130
Hlroodella'a Ready Cut . .ISo
Ranuay's Macaroni ....»i_e
Lipton's Jelly Pow-   QA-»
dere, all flavors...  tr 2 V
Cottage Peanut Butter ..29c
NatH>b Icing Sugar, pkt. .17c
Paelfle Milk, per tin .. ,W_c ,
Ro% Hood Rolled   og
Oata, cartons  Wv
Helntr. Olive Oil, bottle .SSo
Quaker Fork and Beans,
per tin  So
Maybloom Tea, per lb. ... 5Bo
Woodward's Better Tea,
per lb 54c
Woodward's Extra Choice
Tea, per lb -19c
Woodward's Choice Tea,
per lb tsc
Fl neet Green Peas.      gl,
per tb    O 2 C
Woodward's Better Coffee,
per Ib.  Mo
Woodward's Choice Coffee,
per lb '. 4Sc
Globe Brand rears, tin ..25c
Blue Berries, per tin 25c
Finest Pumpkin, 2 li
size, per tin
Climax Apple and Raspberry
Jam, lln  8Sc
Empress Strawberry Jam,
per jar  Mc
Empress Orange Marmalade
per jar 28c
Clarke's Pork and Beans,
sis '.... £3C
Honey, per bottle S8c
Del Monte Tomatoes, tin.24c
Del Monte Corn, tm .... .210
Quaker Corn, per tia .... 18c
Choice Cooking
Figs, per lb. .
Royal City Oreen Beans,,
per tin . ...18o
Standard Peas, per tin .. 20c
Wetty's Mince Meat ...17Hc
New   Cedar  Mops,   triangle
shape, easy taken off and
put on, each  $1.11
Cedar OIJ, per bottle 18c
_-Gallon Cans, each ..SI.IS
Rice Boilers, Graniteware,
each ,.,.-. 89c
Floor Wax, per tin l»c
Alumlnumware Rice Boilers,
each    S1.S8
Alumlnumware Teapots,
each    $2.19
Alumlnumware Saucepans.
6-qt., each   $2.19
Alberta Creamery, per lb. 75c
Swift's Premium Oleomargarine, lb lie
Ontario Primrose Cheese,
per Ib. SOc
Swift's Premium Backs,
per lb 5Uc
Empire Side Bacon, lb. .. 53c
Boneless Cottage Rolls, lb 42c
Prime Hams, small size,
per lb Sic
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
May and June, 1919
(living tbe Irue facts and all the details. A book that should
be ln every home. Over HO pages of the most interesting reading over published. Send your orders to James Law, Secretary
Defense Cumneitlee. Boom 4, 210 Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrailination d<M» nst pay, there is danger in delay, the best
Lira* is today.   DO IT NOW.
Pricts:    Bundle orders, $40 per 100 copies, 929 per 50 copies,
$15 per -fc copies, single copies 50c each.   All charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
i        ,:'
A Labor Psper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies.      •
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Bos 1508, Oalgary, Alberta
> B=
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized .   $ 25,000,060
Capital Paid-up -..- f 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets ...$460,000,000
590 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branches in Vancouver:
Main Offioe—Cornor Hastings and Homor Streeli.
Comer Main and Hastings Strode.
Corner Oranvillo and Bobson Streets.
Corner Bridgo Street and Broadway West,
Corner Cordova aad Carrall Streets,
Corner Oranvillo and Davie Strocts.
Corner Oranvillo and Seventh Avenue West
1060 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Streot.
M16 Tew Street.
Comer Eighth Avenue and Maia Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch anil 26th Avenue Brunch,
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia,
Ono dollar opens an account ea whiA intorest ia jaid half-yearly
at current rates.
Manager Vancouver Brasek
0. W, FRAZEE, Vanoouver,
Supervisor f or B. 01
Pass Resolution Demanding Release of Winnipeg Strike Victims
On the dirtiest night of a wet
week-end—Easter-tide, too,—quite
a'number of the public turned out
to register their vote and to contribute to the Defonce Fund at a
meeting called by the Federated
Labor party and the One Big
Union at the Crystal Theatre, Sunday night. W E. Pierce took the
chair and also addressed the meeting later, but fist called upon Mr.
McQuoid to propose the resolution
of the evening.
Comrade McQuoid has the qualifications .of having been all
through the Calgary "sympathetic;" was in Winnipeg during the
workers' strike, knew most of the
'convicts" personally—and others
—and the honor of being named
on the list of "also rans" In the
evolution and psychology, hy. the
famous "blanket" Indictment of
Crown Prosecutor Andrews (whoso
way, was so well anticipated ln
Belfort Bax's analysis, quoted In
Western Clarion last week!) Billy
told of some amusing experiences
with the notorious "Zaneth". and
other companions liars and mental
perverts employed by the scared
enemy in their frantic endeavors
to camouflage labor and to prostitute justice.
"We had nothing to hide and
we have nothing to hide; our aims
are honest and our methods are
sane." Secretary Waterson ot the
Victoria O. B. U., in seconding the
resolution, gave some very useful
extracts from the press, revealing
sinister muster-class conspiracy,
and warned his hearers that no organization of labor, no individual
is safe from arrest and jail, and
that the Imprisonment of our
spokesmen, authorized by us to
voice our aspirations, Is virtually
Imprisonment und persecution
aimed at each one of us.
Comrade Cuufleld gave an Inspiring and educative address,
quoting Israel Zangwlll to Illustrate the hold which orthodox
conception of "British fair play,"
and beneficent Empire-rule have
upon generous minds, and the
shock with wblch the dreadful
facts of capitalist unscrupulous-
ness shatter these ideals. He Instanced the Peasants' Revolt df
1382,-^apparentIy crushed, but
victorious In principle,—and the
torture-extracted denial that the
world moves round the sun, when
the fact Is demonstrable that it
does move!—ns examples of the
folly of any dominant interests in
attempting to check evolutionary
progress or tho spread of knowledge.
"The acquisition of knowledge
Is a painful process, perhaps,—
certainly the Imparting of It Is
sometimes painful, and that is
what Bussell and Pritchard and
Johns und Ivens and Woodworth
and Armstrong and Heaps and
\Queen—are being punished for;
that Is their real crime; but all
the forces of creation can not,
will not, stop the change in the
order of society, which Is now
President Woodward of the
Trades and Labor Council happened nlong and from his eeculiar
peraonal position as an anti-One
Big Unionist, supported Ihe resolution and pledged support to any
person or party on the fight for
free thought; he was easily the
most "seditious" of tlie speakers,
though (as yet) not named in the
Index  lOxpurgatoria!
Comrado Pierce, who has "been
there," briefly summed up the
case for the prisoners, and put thc
resolution, which was adopted
unanimously and enthusiastically.
A bold and effective poster in
Pierce's bost style is worth quoting as being In evidence on point
of Trades and Labor platform just
now, using the well known words
of and old-time local ballad of
class-conscious Merrio England;
"And have they fixed the "when"
and   "where?"
And shall Tressaway die?
Then thirty thousand Oornishmcn
Will know the reason why!"   .
Tho resolution was as follows
"Resolved, That we demand of
the Dominion Government the Immediate release of the workers representatives now detained in jail
through ihe Winnipeg atrlke.
"We demand the right of all
workers to organize In any way
they deem best suited to their Industrial needs without dictation
from nny government department
and the same freedom »f action of
the workers accredited representatives as ia enjoyed by such representatives in Qreat Britain.
"We further demand the right
of the workers to join suoh political organizations as will heat give
political expression lo their needs.
"Be^lt further resolved, that a
copy of this resolution be sent by
wire to the acting Premier of the
Dominion of Canada and copies
sent to the press." A. C. J.
Hungarian Miners and
Others Are Forbidden
to Strike
The Hungarian "Commander-ln
Chief Horthy's general Labor policy is Illustrated by his-measures
to prevent walk-out of miners In
Dorog. 'In the Interests ot the
state,' Horthy declared his Intention of occupying the Dorog intnee
with troops, and asserted he did
not recognize the right of workers
to strike.
"The Hungarian daily, Becsi
Magyar Ujsag, publishes the following utterances by him: ''Not
only will I refuse to grant the
workers' demand for shorter hours
but I will not Include In their
working hours the time they need
to change their clothes. I shall
control the working claas with
heavy heart, but with a strong
hand.'  .
"Grant Smith, the American
commissioner In Budapest, denies
that he protested against the White
Terror. The tone of the entire
Liberal and Labor press of Vienna,
In commenting upon his denial, Is
typified by the following:
" 'During the Socialist regime In
Hungary tho Allied missions pro
tested vigorously whenever a -Magyar baron, duke or count suffered
the slightest inconvenience. When
the Communists Imprisoned a
counter-revolutionary nobleman,
the British mission used to telephone Bela Kun during the night
to demand his liberation. During
the last six months the Allied
governments in London, Paris,
Rome and Washington have been
kept informed of all details of the
White Terror, yet they have never
Intervened to demand the cessation
of the reign of brutality. Smith
has now denied the only decent act
with which the Allies have been
credited in Hungary.'"
Paper   Trade   Possesses
Power to Destroy (?)
Rebel Movement
Pasadena, CaJ.—What appears t<
be a conspiracy on the part of th>
paper Interests of the United State i
to suppress the publication of Th i
Brass Check, the unsparing stud;
of the American newspaper by Up*-
ton Sinclair, has   been   uncovered
here.    Sinclair has made a public-
statement    declaring    that    every
effort to obtain   enough   to   print
new editions of his book have been.
mysteriously stifled.   Paper is not
to be had, his printers  claim,
promise for it can be made, and
the prices to be asked for paper if
it is ever available will be very high
The reason for that is very plain;
ly suggested in the February num
ber of The Paper Trade Journal of
New York, says Sinclair. In that
number there, appeurs an editorial
headed "The Balance of Powor" in
whieh the pa'per manufacturer*,
reminded that they alone possess
the power to dostroy "red revolutionary radicalism," The editorial
"If you want to effect the genuine
cure you must wipe out the source
of supply. There is no law—constitutional or otherwiso—that hinders thc manufacturer or dealers
from choosing his own customers,
"We urge that someone In tho
trade take the lead, and we believe
that co-operative action and support will as quickly respond. Let
us choke off the supply of paper
to these enemies of the government, of law and order, and of our
dally bread!
"Let us not delay another moment, i'or the dangerous seed is.be-
ing rapidly scattered to the four
winds, and Is fulling on fertile
"And in taking active advantage
of tho golden opportunity, wo will
not only serve the government In
the most effective patriotic fashion, but we will cause to bo diverted
a considerable tonnage of paper
from unworthy and ovil purposes to
deserving customers and legitimate
U. S. Machinist Local Addresses Stinging Letter
to Goiflpers
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, Is
politely requested to clean some of
the autocrats out of bis own orl
ganization besides pleading for
trades unionists to organize protest meetings in order, as he says,
that "our beloved democracy" may
not "be lost to us," In a resolution
adopted by the members of Frank-
ling Union 23, of New York, which
has recently experienced some of
the "democracy" of certain reactionary international presidents.
The resolutions as mailed to
Gompers, over the signature of
Leonard C. Kaye, recording secretary of the Franklin Unton, reads
as follows:
"I was, by unanimous vote, directed by my union in regular
meeting assembled at Webster
Hall, East Eleventh Stroet, New
York City, on Sunday last, to acknowledge receipt of your printed
letter of January 23, 1920, on the
subject of the legislative attacks
on American civil liberties.
, "They wish me to state that
whilst they object most strenuously
to the numerous assaults on the
liberties of our beloved republic
culminating In the Iniquitous Sterling-Graham bill, they also object
to the suppression of democracy
In the unions of this country by you
and the executive council of the
American Federation of Labor,
which takes Its form in helping certain reactionary international presidents, such as George L. Berry of
the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union, to beat
their membership when on strike,'
by using their international union
as strike-breaking agencies; by allowing unwarranted attacks by the
international officers of the Machinists' Union on the Bridgeport
local when on strike, and on Micrometer Lodge of New York City,
and the recognition by the American Federation of Labor of a
minority in the clothing trade as
representing that trade.
"They wish me to state further
.that tlie spectacle of their international president, George L. Berry,
bVeaklng their strike for a'44-hour
-week und a $44 weekly wage, and
advertising for international men
.a,n(l non-union men in the same advertisement in their strike of October and November, 1919, is a spectacle that will not fade from their
l^emory, and they have yet to hear
Of .this 'affront to democracy' being condemned by you or the executive council of the American Fed'
eration of Labor.
, | "You say these are indeed trying
times. They Indeed are, in more
Ways than one, and we hope, that in
the near future the head and governing body of the American Federation of Labor will do their share
to make them less trying for their
brothers in all trades, whose only
sin is that of improving their conditions in the teeth of the opposition of, and refusing to stay in a
state of "stagnation at the behest
of such arch-reactionaries lllti
George L. Berry."
Count the Gost
by the Quality
The mum yon will buy
Parta Show is the Mae
one whieh hu brought
peop)e to onr ito» time '
after time with tlieir re
Special Prices for Saturday Selling
Men's Black round toe dress
shoes. A wide roomy last.
Goodyear welt
soles. Special at.
Men's Dark Brown shoe with
medium toe.  Splendid value.
Regular $9.50.
On sale at	
.Child's Black ' shoes, with
good stout soles and light uppers.   Sizes 8-7 _ e+e% nrt
.SIms 8-10J4
misses'   Black   and   Brown
school shoes.   Snuhber sole's.
Sizes 11-2.   Reg.
$6.00, at .
Hen's Blaok wd Brown Work
boots, with or' without tot-
cap.   Good heavy soles. KetL
Men'a Recede Toe Fine shoe*
in nut brown shade. Thto U
a wide.litter, but still a re-
sUtuntay $10.50
Little Gent's Gunmetal shoes.
Medium weight.    Sizes 8 to
Youths'   Chrome
shoes; genuine '
chrome soles, at
Boys' Black and Tan Solid
Leather shoes. Regular $«.»•
r?. $4.65
Ladies' Black Kid and Calf
shoes. Short vamp with Louis
heels. Regular dJ/J QC
*1.00, at VVtHO
Jwt Arrived—Every Style
of Canvas Outing Shoes
Ladies' Black Kid Oxford*
Cuban aad Louis heel. Rec
110.51. t-O AB
Saturday   epUetJeJ
Ladles' Brown Calf Oxford
with Louis and Cuban heels.
Welted and turn
soles. Sat. only..
51 Hastings W.
Ladles' Black Patent and Kid
•Pumps. Plain vamp. Classic
make. On sale dJ/J QC
Saturday op\9o*T%J
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent, V. B. Hldgley;
vice-prntldont, J. Marshall: Bfcretary, J.
B. Campbell; treuurer, J. Shaw; tap
geant-at-armi, E. King; tnstm. W. A.
Pritchard, J. S. Merson, J. M. Clark, A.
J. Wllaon.	
The latest victory for the sbort-
er work dny in Hwcdun is the
granting of the eight-hour day by
the largo paper mills at Coteburg.
With the shorter work-day goes a
new wago seals which represents
an increase of ISO per cent. In
The miners in District No. I are
locked out In some of the mln^s
hi Blairmore, Bellcrost and Can-
more. The mon ure holding out
good and less are working today
than the first day of the lockout
over signing of check-off.
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STBEET
PbBM Bejmeor 2137
We will exchange  your  second hand
fnrnltuve for new,   A squirt desl er
your money  back.
Pittsburg—The steel shortage Is
obviously due to the refusal by
the steel Interests to end the strike
during the full of 1919. When the
men went back to work they found
machinery they had left in perfect condition turned into so much
snap by unskilled strike-breakers.
For some time the morale of the
workers was still    dominated  by
ell—Meets    aecoad    Honda*    in    the
month.    Prcsideit, 3. V. McConnell. secretary, R. II. Neelanda, P. O. Box 68^
snd Reinlorcod Ironworkers, Local 91
-Ueeu second and fourth Mondays.
President Jas. HssUnfi; tnsnelal secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Boon
218 Labor Temple.
Lumber Industry (camp »nd mill)
meet with fellow workers In that Industry. Organise Into the Lumbec *orh*ra
InduMtrial Union of the O. B. U. Headquarters. 61 Cordovs fit. W., Vancouver.
Phone  Sey. 7856. _ __
MeeU every flnt snd third Thursdays
In the month.   Prea. A. J. Wilsoa.   See.-
tbe effects of their lone privation Itrtss., J. R. Campbell Boom 219 Labor
and   of   brutality  shown   men   by S*,P1»:. °"~*?. hoBr,» • •* U ' pJn*
the police and the cossneks.
Restaurant Employees of
Prince George and Win-
nipeg Tailors
Two One Big Union strikes tool*
place on April 1 and wero won the
same day. Prince George, B. C,
wns the scene of one and Winnipeg
the other. In Prince Oeorge, Secrotary Stevenson or the Lumber
Workers Industrial Union, organ
izod a general workers unit among
whom were a number of hotel and
restaurant employees. These work;
drs put In a demand for an eight-
hour day commencing April 1»
The employers ignored the demand, but appealed to the city authorities to take action against the
O. B. U. Tho authorities failed to
act, but tho employers stood pat.
at 9:30 the employees /Of the entire hotel industry walked out.
Three hours later the bosses capitulated. Five O. 11. U. shop cards
were placed In prominent places
and more Bent for. The loggers
stood solidly behind the workers
and Intend to help enroll overy
wage worker Into the general
workers unit.
Winnipeg Tailors Win,
The other atriko took place In
Winnipeg. The tailors unit of the
O, B. U. presented an agreemont
laat month for a 20 per cent. Increase In wages 'and a 44 hour
week, Tho bosses refused to recognize them or the demunds. The
Paid Spies Cannot Make
It Stick in Flower's
Los Angeles, March 29.—The
jury in Comrade .Sidney Flower's
case was discharged lust Friday
night, being unable to reach a verdict. It is reported that they stood
seven to five for a conviction.
Sidney Flower was tho editor of
the Dug Out, a returned soldiers'
magtuslilOi In November bf last
year lie wus indicted for criminal
syndicalism and released on (5000
The trial occupied an entire week
and was replete with sensations.
The witnesses I'or the prosecution
were either paid Ipys of the Merchants and Manufacturers' Association or clump politicians.
Jt was thc contention of the
prosecution that in order to bo
guilty of the criminal syndicalism
law it was only necessary to write
or otherwise urge a change in our
industrial system that by construction would cnuse tho propertied
class to tear fur their property or
their lives. The causing of this
'fear was an aet of terrorism within
the meaning of the act, If this
contention Is good law the act of
teaching Socialism Is illegal and fo
s tlio single tax or municipal ownership of public utilities.
During the trial the prosecution
Endeavored to prove that thc One
UIk Union, of which Flower Is a
member, was a part of tho I. W. W,
organization. To refute this testimony Oeorge W. Oraydon was
placed on the stand. This he wan
ablaeto do, iu great part, In spite
of tbe numerous objections of the
prosecution, most of wliich were
sustained by the court. It Is not
known whether or not tlio district
attorney intends to re-try Flower.
Phene Sey. 291.
ployees, Losal 88—Meets cvary *«:
Wednesday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In the month
at 9 p.m. President, John Curnmiiiw,
secretnry and business agent, A. Graham.
Office and meeting hall, 614 Punder St.
W. Phone Sey. 1681. Office hears, I
to 6 p.m.
era'   Union—Nieots  Snd  and  4th   Fridays, 306 Labor Temple.   President,  W.
Wilson, 22»9 Granvillo Street; secretary,
E. T. Kelly, 1800 Hastings St. E.: recording-secretary, L. Holdsworth, &U9—
14th St. W., North Vancouver.	
LUMBER A.ND OAMP WORKERS' industrial Unit of the One »ijj Union—
An industrial union of all workers in lugging and construction ramps. Coast District and General Headquarters, 61 Cordova Ht. W., Vancouver, D. 0. Phone Rt'y.
7856. E. Winch, general secretary-
treasurer; legul advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdouitld A- Co., Vsncouver, B. C: auditors, Messrs. Bullar k Chiune, Vancouver,
Association, Local 38-82—Office and
hall 804 Pender Street West. Moeta flrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.tn. Secretary
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; business ageut,
Peter Sinclair.	
tho O. B. U. meet in their untou hall
at 314 Cordova St. W., every First and
Third Wodnosdny in the month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Carlin;
secretary, Earl King.   Phone Sey. 3098.
1st sad Srd Mondaye at 10.15 son. and 7
pji. PiMfdeat, R. Bigby; recording
secretary, F. E. Orlffia, 447—lth Avenw
But; twiaerer. F. aldaway: financial
aeeretary Md buslnesi egswx. W. H. Get*
trail, 4308 Dumfries Straet; office corner
Prior tad Mils Sea. Phe« ftlr. tOOi B.
America, Local No. 178—MetUnfl heM
flrat Monday U each moath, 8 |jn. President, J. T. Elsworth; vice-president, A.
R. Gatenby; recording secretary, C. MoDonald, P. O. Box 803, Phone Seymou
8281L; financial aeereary, Bobt McNeill,
P. O. Box 603. 	
Meete last Sanday af each moath ftt
3 p.ra. Preaident. W. 8. Thomson; vlee-
preside*!* 0. H. Collier; iecretary-treaaurer,  R. H. Neelands, Box  68.
. bor Council—Meet* aecond and feuth
Tuesdays  of eaeh moath. In Carp—taw*
Hall. President, 8. D. McDonald; tlee-
praxident, A. Ellia; lecretary, Gee. Waif
"   Box 27*. Pnaee Rupert,  B. C.
COUNCIL, O. B. U.—Meets every seeond and fourth Tieedsy iu the O. B. V.
Mall, corner Sixth avenue and Fmltea
atreet, at 8 p.m. Meetings open ll aB O.
B. V. memberi. 8eer*4ary-treesu«r, D.
8. Cameron, ton 3 IT, Prince Rupert, B.O.
Dr. De Van's French Pilb
A rriilbl. Hc««l»ti« Pill Ior Wonu>, M
• bn. Soil tt ill One Slom. or milk*
to .., oddrMfl on receipt of prie TOt
Sertoli Drug Co., It. GitfeortB.i, Oltalte.
Provincial Unions
TIOTOmiA. »■ 0.
tnd Labor Council—Meet, lr,t and
tklrd Wodnradayi, Knight, ot I'ltblu
Hall, North Park Street, M 8 p.m. Preaident, K. S. Woodward; »ice.pr«ident,
A. C. Pike; aecretarrtreaaarer, Ckriatlu
Slverti, P. O. Bo* 802, Vlctorit. B. 0.
_    PEIMOE SpPEEt, B. 0.
Retlore, Vim Bnd Vitality; Ior None ui
Brain; lncreaae, "(rar matter;" a Telle
—will hnild yea op. $8 a boa, or two for
|5, at droit atore., or br mail on receipt
of price. The ScobeU Bittf Co., St. Oaa-
armea. OoterU.
The newly formed Intlepent Labor party at Moncton, New Brunswick, entered the aldermanlc elections with a full ticket and carried
every ieat but one.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Bead the News from the *rairl« Mttropolti
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six monthi
Address all communications to
J, HOUSTON, Suite 2, Biilnuui  Block, 220  Bannatyiie Avenue
WlmUiwg, Manitoba
tatlorfl Informed the bosses that
this WM tho only union in the
city and would have to be recognized. Tho bosses .stood pat. On
April 1 the employees took a holiday nnd the bosses wcro (laber-
gadtodi rounded lip the commlltoe,
agreed to the demands nnd noxt
day the O. B, U. lallova were buck
on tbe job.
Butchfr Workmen'! Onion No. e«—
Meeta Int and third TMldan ol *ach.
month, Labnr Tomple, I t».m. President,
John BUrk; flnnncial iecretary Mid bunt
ne&i agent, T. W. Andenoa, 687 Homer
Lumbor Industry, organize into tho I,.
W.  I.  U.  ttt th* O.  B.  0.    MIllWMk-
•rs' leettoni meet m follows:
VaacOttVer—Lombor   Worker*'   headquarters. Bt Cordova St. W.   K«ry Monday
8 ii m.
New Westminster—Lnbor Hall, cor. Royal
ATe. and 7th St.   2nd and 4th Wednea-
daya at 8 p.m.
Fraser  Mills—Ohl  Moving Picture Theatre. Maillanlvllle.   2nd and 4th Thuraday. 8 p.m.
Port Moody—Orango Hall,  2nd and 4th
Fridays at Sji-m.	
kiitis, milL and smeltkr work-
era' Unit of the One Ul« Union, Metal-
I if crone Miners—Vancouvor, U. C., headquarter!, Ot Curdova Street West. All
workers engAged in thli Industry are
urged to join tbo Union beforo going on
the job.   Don't wait to be organised, but
orgaulio  youriflf. 	
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets aecond and fourth
Mondays, Koom 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; flnanclal aeeretary, K. God-
dard, 800 Richards Street; recording aeeretary, J. D. Russell, U28 Commorcial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.	
puii*. PApltR and si Limit; wouk
ers—You need the Cnmp Workers of
your Industry. They need yon. OrganUfi
together In the 0. B. U. InduUrlal unll
of ynur occupation. DelogatM on every
job   or   write   the   Dlstri<:l   Headquartera,
ol Cordova St. W.. Vancouver, Entrance
fee, jll 0»; Jtfnlhly iluev Jl.O'i.	
Fasteners, I.L.A.. Loeal Union Uk,
Seriee 5—Meeta tho 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, K p.m.
President, William Maylor; flnanc al aeeretary and business airent, M. I helps;
corresponding secretary, W, Lae. OIBee,
Konm 207 Labor Temple.	
Kmnloyeei,   Pioneer  Division,   No.  101
—Meeti A. 0. F. Hall,  Mount Pleasant,
Read9 Learn and
Inwardly Digest
iTIHlgO JlotcalfcV Cluuw to lho Jury In  Uie lluwll TrlaJ, u
compared  Willi  CAVE  in   Hm  «".  IIUKNS,  KNUI.AKD,   1«M.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
Examination and statement ot Law, and Review of Justice Metcalfe's Charge tu the Jury, In Trial ut Jt. B. Uussell, at Win*
lllpeff, December, 1915.
Prlcea for the above puinphleU are as under: —
Bundle orders, $."».oo per 100 copies, &__ per doxon copies;
single copies io<- each,   freight and postage extra.
Two in One
Acknowledged tn bo tho most eloquent nnd hlntoric address evef
delivered ln the courts of Mnnlloba,
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 eople*, $5,00 per 25 copies; singlft
copies, 25c each.   All charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of the above pamphlets, place your orderg
early with James Luw, Socretary of the Defenso Commltte*
Koom 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue,
Single copies can be obtained in Vancouver at tha Federal
lionlst Offlce.
have  purchased   from   K.
D. Dinning, Esq., the Assignee
mm___^___mm of the estate of H.  Rommerts
trading as   the   "Canadian   Olothing   Co.,"   "Tom   the
* Tailor" and tlie "Victor Clothea Shop" the  WHOLE,
Stock of Fine Woollens
The elass and character of this stock have been so
widely advertised, they must be so well known to everyone that description on our part Is needless. We have
put the whole uf this stock on
and, from those choice Ban-
nockburn, Donegal and Harris 'tweeds, as well as other.
line weaves intended to sell at
♦ 55 to }U0 we are making
to your individual stylo
and measure ' ln tho
highest Perfection of
>lan-Talloring with absolute flt and satisfaction guarantee*), and
selling same to you at
$45, $50
$55, $60
W« bought tlii* atock at
a saving of 85 per cent.
st s time when woollens
are steadily raising In
pries—We give y»u tha
whole bsnsftt—and mon.
Oar recompense Is in ths
advertisement of our
etore, ths goodwill of onr
regular eustomen snd
the increased connection
secured for the coming
We have right here, in this Btore,
    the WHOLE of the novelty weaves,
""^^™ faney suitings and latest spring
woollens comprised in the Tom tlio Tailor stocks at
both the Granville and the Hastings Streets Stores and
can otfer you the smartest selection of the season at
Startling and Sensational Money-Saving Prices—We
are Real Tailor men—Masters of the Art of Designing,
Cutting and Making.
soo Hastings!
1 Lo ST. east |
Near Carnegie Library
Mechanics' Tools
J. A. F1ett9 Limited
We buy and sell second-hand GUNS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
ii produced from the highest grade materials procurable
.—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
twelfth year, no. is    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    ■'ancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY April   9,   1020
Asiatics at Prince Rupert
Want White Men to
Work Eight Hours
Tho regular meeting of tbe
Prince Rupert Central Labor
Council convened at 8 p.m. on
March 30, with 25 present. For
the first time there were no bills
to meet or correspondence to be
dealt with.
The committee appointed to
hrlng to the attention of the city
council the Selenas affair (which
pointed to a lack of proper super,
vision of a mentally deranged man
who had left the hospital and subsequently disappeared, suicide being suspected) reported that the
mayor and council had discussed
lhe matter, and the promise was
given that the Provincial police,
as well as the civic authorities,
would take the matter up. (At the
time of writing, It is reported ln
the local press that Selenas' notebook has been found on the
beach.) The report was nccepted
and  the committee retained.
The committee formed to report
on a case of apppllcation for compensation which had been refused
reported that It had interviewed
the doctor engaged on the caae,
and his report endorsed the attitude of the board, Report accepted
and committee discharged.
The executlvec ommittee's report on the recommendations of
temporary Organizer Cann, was
presented as follows:
1. "That a special service of
Information bo organized for fishermen." On being consulted, Del.
Cann said that this referred to the
market prices of fish, etc. As this
is always available on the wharf,
the committee recom in end.ed non-
2. "A bona fide fisherman on
the executive committee." Approved, and referred to the council
for action, ponding the next regular election of officers.
3. "A temporary office downtown for the secretary-treasurer."
Non-concurrence, pending the out.
come of the negotiations for new
4. "News bulletin, to be posted
In hotels, etc., with Informntion as
to the progress of organization,
etc." Approved. In this connection the committee was considering the matter of securing a mimeographing machine.
fi. As to Including the financial
statements of thc council ln thc
proposed bulletin, the committee
recommended non-concurrence,
the present methods of meetings
and publicity in The B. C. Federatlonist were considered sufflclent.
6. Re fully paid secretary-treasurer. Approved, action to be deferred until presentation of the
next quarterly report.
7. "Formation   of  a  publicity
committee."    Non-concurrence,
the  same  grounds as applied  tb
No. 5.
Clause 2 of the report was laid
over to new business. The rest of
the report was accepted.
Temporary Organizer Cann reported that the Japanese at the
Seal Cove sawmill had held a
meeting. They were divided on
the question of joining up until
the white men at the mill worked
the eight hours. He was working
on a recommendation having to
do with the delegate syatem. He
had found difficulty in finding out
the dates of unit meetings,
Del. Booth reported that at a
general meeting held In headquar.
ters the previous Sunday, the council had been requested to call another meeting for next Sunday,
with a speeial invitation to Dry
Dock Workers, same to be advertised in the local presa. On motion
the request was granted, and the
■ecretary-treasurer authorized to
incur the necessary expense.
Dels. Mrs. Booth for the Auxiliary, reported a surplus of $300
from the benefit dance, which had
been handed over to the beneficiary. Canon Rlx would speak in
headquarters the following Sunday
evening on "Birth Control," andj
discussion and questions would follow the address. The lecture would
be open to all. The Auxiliary wanted to come in as a unit,
and would ask for a representative In the Library committee. The
Auxiliary had appointed the speak-
as organizer of the Women
Laundry Workers.
Del. Booth for the Fishpackers,'
reported that the Arbitration.
Board had sat that day, and thc |
chairman  had  asked  for another
conference with the C. F. & C. S.
Co. He and Mr, Nicholls had submitted figures on the cost of living,
over which there had been a bat.
tie. It had been agreed to get tlie
cost of various articles of food aiid
clothing for each year from 1915
to date, with the percentage of In-;
crease, on which to establish a
basis for an Increase of wages:-'
The board would probably finish
Its work in two or three days. >jj
The recommendation of the exl
ecutivo re tho^ placing of a boffif
fide fisherman on that body wis
considered, and on motion the
Fisheries Unit was requested to.
elect Its representative, same to
have an advisory position until the
next regular election of officers,
when the committee could be enlarged to accommodute increased
representation. The secretary -
treusurer referred to the request
of the landlord for definite information as to the intention of the
couneil re keeping the present
quarters. The rent would be $40
per month, and for the whole bull-
ding, $65 per month, both propositions on the basis of a yearly lease.
He would not give a guarantee
against a rise In rental. Ou motion
sec.-trcas. was instructed to endeavor lo secure the present quarters
on a monthly basis at $40 per
Under "Good of the Movement,"
the sec-treas. reported that the executive committee had met the pre.
vious night and considered sample
sheets submitted by Del. Shaw for
compiling and rendering readily
accessible information as to the
membership of the affiliated units.
'With a few minor alterations, the
sheets would bc utilized. AH dues
would be debited, and credited
when paid. The secretary of each
unit would get a report euch
month showing which members
had paid their dues to the sec-
troas, of the 'council. That would
enable them to know how their
membership stood, which the present method did not. The secretaries of units would also be supplied with a form to be filled out
each month, In duplicate, one of
which he would keep, the other to
be forwarded to the secretary-
treasurer, giving all necessary information as to membership,
standing, transfers, etc. The next
quarterly report would show the
membership In each unit, and the
council would know exactly how
the membership stood. When tho
new system was in full operation,
It would leave nothing to be desired in the way of statistical Information. The financial report
for the last quarter would not be
ready until April 13, owing to pi'es-'
sure of other business, and thc r-\Y-
id increase of membership, wlflclf
had entailed a heavy increase' 6P
work, l'n answer to a question,' he!
Baid that the forms to be Issued
would contain particulars of 'live
receipt books issued 'to delegate's
and secretaries, also the folder
numbers. He. pointed out that
when the O. B. U. movement starred, the system adopted by PrlWce
Rupert had not been anticipated,
and the supplies Issued by the (J.
E. B. bflng unsuitable for ttfeiV
purposes, they had to evolve tfielr
own methods to suit their oWH
needs. "''
On motion, Casey.Cox, the secretary-treasurer's salary was increased $15 per month in consideration of the increased amount of
work accruing.
The assistant secretary reported
that the assessment stamps needed
for the collection of one hour's pay
per month for the defense fund,
would be ready during the coming
The question of setting a minimum scale for laborers in the city
was discussed, and action deferred
pending the result of the arbitration proceedings between the Fishpackers and thc Cold Storage Co.
Adjournment at 10:30.
The stationery engineers of
Moose Jaw, Sask., at a well attended meeting, voted to go ovor to
the O. B. U.
In Lethbrldge, the laundry work,
ers and the cooks and waiters, are
all lining up with the O. B. U. and
other crafts are getting pretty well
The labor party, in conjunction
with the farmers of Swift Current,
Sask., Is doing good work for the
O, B. U. as well as flooding the
city and surrounding country with
working class propaganda. Good
meetings ar& being held, but they
lack speakers.
The miners of Ontario are boosting the O. R. U. In Ctowgamla the
unit is 98 per cent, strong. Cobalt
has 350 members nnd Porcupine,
about 700. •
All Cars Stop at the Door—Opposite Pantages
Wc supplied Vancouver Housewives with several tons ofii
sugar at coot price this week. '
We will have another supply for Saturday.
No restrictions"up to onc hundred pounds.
Remember the Cal-Van does this for the people's benefit
and to lower thc H. (!. L. whon we can, and wc want y.our
trade in return.
Buy Marmalade Oranges and Sugar Tliis Week
All kinds of Brown Sugar at W/._ cents per pound in five,
•ten, twenty-live and fifty-pound lots, or $.18 per sack ol:
100 pounds.
White Sugar, w&ile it lasts, at 20 cents per pound in five,
ten, hveiUy-n'vc and fifty-pound lots, or 100-pound sacks
at $19.60.
Absolutely no restrictions.
Sugar will be 25c per pound this season.
Organization in East Is
Progressing—Want the
Correct Reports
Camp C, Crawford'B Anchorage,
on strike for a .6 minimum; J1.B0
a day board which ts to include
blankets, sheets and the laundry-
work in connection with same. The
engineers to be paid one hour overtime for firing up in the morning.
Ne discrimination of auy kind
against union men. The other
camps of this company at Rock
Bay have been notified of the demands,
Before striking the men In camp
instructed headquarters to request
tlie company to state on or before
April 1st If they wished to operate
a union camp or not. Following
their last year's policy of non-recognition or communications, the
company sat tight. The men
moved. The camp is closed. Others
are likely to follow, and then we
hear long Sulogies of tlie brainy
men who manage our social industries.
Repented complaints are reported of men suffering from accident
being charged $2 a day for accommodation at the hospitals of the
Columbia Coast Mission. The excuse for this Is that tho effects of
the accident are not enough to warrant the man remaining in hospital
as he could get well as quickly at
home or ln a hotel. Consequently
the Workmen's Compensation
Board disclaim liability and the
Hospital authorities get a cinch on
$2 a day. It is reported that some
workers are paying $1 or more a
month to help maintain these insti
tutions so as to have the benefit
of treatment In the event of Blck-
ness. It is a question as to whether the returns justify the outlay
or whether better lesults could not
be secured by the workers maintaining their own hospial and medical fund. Princeton and Kamloops
are already doing so.
The first course of first aid classes have been completed at the
Workmen's Compensation Board
offices. Thirty-eight members
passed the examination aud are
now certified as qualified to render
first aid. Classes will be continued
as long as members desire to take
advantage of them; the instruction
is tree. All jobs employing 20
men, or. more, must have a qualified first aid mon employed. Members can, if necessary, study the
course whilst in camp and tpke
the examination when in town.
A district office has heen opened
at Montreal as being the best point
for which to handle the big lumber
outfits of that locality. Organizer
1-flbell's ability to speak French Is
a great asset, and in addition two
French organizers are also on the
road. Tho .eastern organization is
making good progress and evidence
of this is given in the abuse ot tho
Union which Is being heaped upon
it by those who fear their interests
are being threatened. The organizers report that considerable activity Is being shown by the Ontario Provincial Government Healh
Dept. In seeing that the sanitary
regulations are lived up to. This
will prove a great educative factor.
Members in reporting unsanitary
conditions in camp are urged to
state facts, not lies or exaggerations. Instances have been met
with fn wliich Investigation has led
to the conclusion thnt personal
spite and malice could have been
the only reason for sending in reports of rotten conditions which
did not exist. Incorrect reports
fool the members who are looking
for information and also tends to
lower Ute standing of thc Union
with the provincial authorities who;
if repeatedly sent on wild goose
chases, will naturally Incline to
minimize the likelihood of necessity for immediate Investigation to
complaints sent them from headquarters.
The Dollar outfit at Union Bay,
wliich in the past wns actively op-
Gardeners! We Are Ready to
Supply All Your Needs
We have thc very best facilities at our command, consequently the goods sold here are the very best to be had
and arc sold at reasonable prices:
CARTER'S SEEDS—The Old Country's best llower and vegetable, ln generous packets , 10c
Peas and Beans 16c
CARTER'S LAWN SEED—Sold only in sealed packets. .BOc, 60c
SEED POTATOES—Burpee's Money-make, Gold   Coin,   Early
Rose, Netted Gem;  100 lbs $9.50
PURITAN LlttE—A carton , 25c and $1.00
AGRICULTURAL SEEDS—Timothy, Alslke, Mangolds, Turnips,
Carrots, Field Peas, Alfalfa, Clovers, etc., at keen prices for
Strawberry Plants, Raspberry Canes, Fruit Trees, Rose Bushes,
etc. —Seed Dept., Cordova St.
posed to the Union and had bad
camp conditions, has now decided
to got onto the fair Hat. The nuin-
qgement met the men and together
have agreed upon conditions which
are to operate henceforth equal
to any on the coast. Camp solid
Named Shoei are frequently made
in Non-union factories
_-» No matter what its name, unless
Ifactory       J      it bears a plain and readable im.
v "Sf~~^      pression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without tbe UNION STAMP ate alwayi Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of the Union Stamp
OOLLIS LOVELY, General President—CHAS. L. 8AINE, General 8e0.*Tnu.
The entire bankrupt stock of Tom the Tailor's VICTOR CLOTHES SHOP was bought with
ready cash at a fraction of its real worth, and is now being sold at the LIBERTY STORE at
prices that are a rank insult to the high quality of this superb stock. Thousands of people
attended this great sale Saturday—so great were the crowds hundreds were turned away, as
it was a physical impossibility to serve all the intending purchasers. Sale reopens tomorrow at
9:30 a.m. Come, See and Save!!!
78  Fine  Paramatta  Raincoats;
values to $1S.
200 Fine Double Texture Tweed
Raincoats. Values to f 30.00,
Entire stock of hlgh-grado
KprJng Overcoats of the Victor
Clothes Shop to he sold at exactly half price.
125,00 Spring Top Coats, light
colors, Bankrupt AlA ttl\
Hale price    tPl£«DU
$30 Spring Over- A| g
coats,   Now     (Plv
$40 Fine Over- <£9ft
ooats.   Now   «P«v
$50.00 Spring Overcoats, all colors,    latent   styles.      Bankrupt
price     JpZO.UU
Hi" sure you flnd tin*, right place.
Look for tho name
above the door before entering.
Do not confuse tills big bona tide
Bankrupt .Sale of tbe Victor
Hollies Shop with a Kock of
mills and ends and other cheap
truck of a new store that Is using large signs and glowing
pron)i<.cs to lure you in. lie-
ware; 1 ! I
Entire stock of the Victor Olothes
Shop being- sacrificed. Over 2000
garments to choose from.
Loi of young Men's Suits, latest styles,
valuos to $30, til   AR
Bankrupt Sale ,.   9 * *■ '***0
Men's Suits, values to $25.00; good
fabrics. Bankrupt .... Ain QC
Sale price   *10.00
.30.00 Suits, all sizes. A chance of a
lifetime. Bankrupt ... d> | Q QC
Salo price    «PlO.«70
Men's Fino Suits, latest styles. Values
to $37.50. Bankrupt &OO QC
Solo price    tVA**J.OO
200 high-grado Worsteds, Surges, etc.,
hand-tailored. Valuos to $43.00. Bank-
::;:*: $29.95
147 Suits, latest styles, newest colors.
Values to $55. ^^11  *7C
Now    *P*m9*Jo o %J
227 Fine Blue Serges, Worsteds, Cashmeres, etc., hand-tailored, new models.
Values to $70.00.
Bankrupt Sale prico
Highest grade Suits, values to $85.00,
Sale   , -_____________m
made for clients of Tom-the-Tailor
will be sold here at less than the cost
of thc cloth alone.  Investigate.
'    c
Shipped from Granum, Alberta.
All standard, reliable brandi,
rade   Regal
75 Pairs of   High-grade
Oxfords, values to
$12.00.   Now ....
Small Sizes
400 Pairs of Fine Boots, including Walkover, Invietus, Hartt,
Gold Bond, etc., Values to $14.
Sizes :.\_ to 6% <fcC AO
only.  Now 90*.*k7O
250 Pairs of Boots, odd lines,
broken  siz.es;   values   to   $9.00,
ar." $4.49
350 Pairs, latest styles, all sizes;
values to $10.00. d>£ A(\
Bankrupt Salo VW.^H
Invietus, Walkover and other
good brands; values to $t4.00;
all sizes, &m QO
Now    «P I »SJO
Hartt, Gold Bond, Invietus, etc.
Values to $10.00. *Q QC
Now    tyO.iJO
000 Pairs Solid Leather Work
Boots; values to &C AG
$8.00.  Now  <pO>4!7
<00   Men's  Hats,  all  sizes,   all
colors;  values lo »fi.00.   Bankrupt
Stetson, Borsallno and other fine
hats; values to dj yf t\Q
$12.00, now   $HWO
42-44—Hastings Street West—42-44
Only One Store Only One Store
^jfcap^yyrf*^ FRIDAY....-s;...,,.April »; 1980
twelfth tear. no. is    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vahoooveu, b. a.
Quality .'. Service
642-Granvffle Street-642
Labor Men Are Sentenced at Winnipeg
(Continued on page T)
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Bete Ttqr.An, Indexed for Ton
Mr. Union Hu, Ont Tbii Out ua am It to Toot Wif»
Bank of Toronto, Hutinga k Cambie; Vletorl*, Merritt ud New Weatminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branches in Vanoouver, 29 in B. C,
BUciiy 'a — Phone Fairmont 14
TladaUs Limited....
J, A. Flott	
 618 Hastings Stroet West
 Hastings Street West
Pocket Billiard Parlor. 42 Haatinga Street Bast
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Rooms)   Haatings Street East
Boots and Shoes
Goodwin Skoe Co., . ; . lit Hastings Street East
Ingledew Shoe Store.- ....—.—...—— . .606 OranvUle Street
"K" Boot Shop...
Pierre Paria	
Wm. Diek Ltd...
 319 Hastings Street Woat
 64 Hastinga Street Weat
...Hastinga Streot Eaat
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street WeBt
UacLnchlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros , 56 Hastings W.
Golden Gate Cafe Hastings Street East
O. B. U. Model Cafe ..> BT Cordova Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold & Quigley.  546 Granvillo Street
Clamana, Ltd 153 Ha.sLings Street West
Clubb & Stewart „ -  309-315 Hastinga Street Weat
B. C. Outfitting Co,... „.„„..  342 Hastings Street West
Wm. Dick Ud   - 33-49 Hastings Streot Eaat
Thoa Foster ft Co., Ltd  514 Granvillo Street
7, W. Fostor ft Co., Ltd. . ....    345 Hastings Street West
J, K. Harvey Ltd ...125 Hastings West and Victoria, B. C.
Tho Jonah-Prat Co.  401 Hastings Street West
New York Outfitting Co   143 Hastings Street Wost
David Spencer Ltd....- Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt „ Cord«va Street
tho work. It Is a work I feel my
Die must be given to, because I am
a member of the working class. I
have worked seventeen years in a
machine shop, How can any man
outsido of that machine shop, not
receiving the same remuneration as
I received, how can he sympathize
with me? He doesn't t.-wi— '-n,i
my needs and my determination. I
worked there, and it might have
have been eleoted to represent those
men to go and meet the employers,
and when you meet the employer,
your lordship, und you tell him
what those workers desire In that
machine shop he doosn't like to
hear It. 1 agree with him Insofar
as It Is detrimental to him. He
doesn't like that we should go and
see him and tell him, "You have
I to do certain things in that shop
to alleviate and letter tho condl
tions existing in that shop," It
means an expenditure of money.
When the employer is placed In the
predicament where he has to Spend
money, he doesn't like it, and he
says, "It is wrong for you to come
hero nnd. mako those demands." I
nm not criticizing him for doing
that, and when he comes and says,
"We are going to beat you," "how1
"anyhow," why, you see, your lordship, they have   taught   us   these
..things. You may not be ablo to
comprehend my phschology but It
Is true.
Conditions Would  Bc Iutolemble.
Tho employer says, "You go back
and be good, nice workers, you
have to produco the necessities of
life." But while we are producing
the necessities of life, does that
command carry with it the furthor
one that we stay on the job because
the employer say6 so? If It did,
your lordship, our conditions would
be so intolerable we would not be
able to work there. They had a
general strike in Winnipeg. I
wasn't in the strike, your lordship.
I was never on atrlke. That was
the amusing thing to me. I am here
charged with seditious conspiracy—
being a party to that strike. What
about Mr. Heaps? I like Heaps.
Heaps got out of this and he was
a member of the strike committeo
—ho was on strike. Mr. Andrews
said during this trial that any man
on strike was a co-cons pi rator, and
yet Heaps Is free today. That, Is
why I contend it was not an Intelligent decision from that jury. Had
Heaps been convicted I could ntft
have said that. But Heaps was a
member of the strike committee.
Johns waa not. No, he wasn't in
Winnipeg during the strike.
But I appreciato the fact, your
lordship, and I understand according to the law as you laid it down
that I could be a conspirator. It
does not seem to me common senso,
but at lejtst according to the law I
was a conspirator. I was In Montreal at the time of the strike, according to the statement of Mr.
Andrews,, you would think I left
Winnipeg with tlio Intention of going down there to start sovietism.
Went to Montreal.
How did I get down there? Not
because somebody sent me down
as an agitator.   Mr, Percy, in that
Lenin Addressing the Workers of Moscow
Thomas k McBain...
Woodwards Ltd...
...Granville Stroet
...Hastings and Abbott Streets
Victor Clothes Shop 112 Hastings West
D. K. Book ._ _.    117 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Kifkson's 820 Granville St,
 929 Main St., Seymonr 1441 and 465
    1001 Main Street
Kirk k On, Ltd.	
Macdonald Marpole Co...
Fraser Telle; Dairies...___..._... 8th Avenne and Yukon Stroet
Drs. Brett Andorson and Douglas Cassolman -..602 Hastings Woat
Dr. W. J. Carry .„ .........  801 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Crrapbcll............. Corner Granville nnd Bobson Streets
Dr. Lowe .— . ....  Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
Dr. Grady...
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Beer 	
Hotel Wost	
Patricia Cabaret...
 Cornor Hastings and Soymour Streets
...Westminster Brewery Co.
.—...—„ Vancouver Breweries Ltd,
...444 Carrall Street
...411 Hastings Street Enst
Taxi—Soft Drinks    409 Dnnsmuir Street
Von Bros _  ..Ciders and wines
Vancouver Drug Co...
..Any of their sir stores
'   Famous Cloak k Suit Co...
Dry Goods
1 Hastings Street Weat
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Weat
Brown Bros, k Co, Ltd -.- 48 Hastinga Seat and 728 Granvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
{lunn, Thomson & Glcgg —..........  531 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co  41 Hastings Street Weat
Ballard Furnlturo Store   1024 Main Stroet
I Ionic Furniture Company 416 Main Street
Cnl-Van Market...
"Slaters" (three Btoros)-
WoodwordB —.....................—
Spencer" Ltd,
..Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
Hastings, Granville and Main Streets
...Hastings and Abbott Streots
...Hastings Street
,'uneuuver Co-operative ., 41 Pender Stroet West
Black and White Hat Storo Cor. Haatinga and Abbott Streeta
Uiil'Ji M ' Granville and Georgia Streota
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin _ - - (Malkin 'a Beat)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand (Turner Beeton k Co., Victoria, B, O.)
...648 Granville Street
guntor-Hondcrson Paint Co,..
Printers and Engravers
Cowan k Brookhouse    ..—Labor Templt
Clolland-Dibblc -.    Towor Building
 and the C. H.. a
...524 Granvillo St.; 318 Haatings W.
P. G. E-
Tom the Tailor	
lAbrains the Tailor • (14 Haatings West
J. A. Flett.        Hastlnga Street West
Martin, Finlayson k Mather -..Hastinga Streot Weat
Theatres and Movies
Empress' _.- - -. Orpheum  —.—  Pantages
Reduce Your
Grocery Bills
1 not only sell for less, but 1
guarantee the quality to bc
the best obtainable.
New Laid Etfgs—Guaranteed
fresh dally.   Doz 55c
Quaker Pulled ltlce—ipkg 20c
Quaker Purled Wheat—Per
pkK IBo
Butter—Alberta Specials; the
very finest; per lb 75c
3  lbs $2.80
Cheese—Fine ripe Ontario.
Extra good,  per lb....37c
Crisco—For cooking and frying; 1-lb. tins  40c
3-lb. tins  $1.20
Teco Pancake Flour—Special,
2 pkgs 35e
Tomatoes—Large tins; special  SOc
Troeo Oleomargarine—Special, per pkg 40o
Clark's Pork and Means-
small tins,  3  for 25c
Large tins 25c
Iteindecr Condensed Milk—
Per tin  2tc
Teal—My special Orango Pekoe blend, per lb 55c
Cocoa—Fry's or Cowan's, half
pound tins   28c
Sardines itl Oil—Special, per
tin    So
Salmon—Choice quality; hnlf
pound tins, .2 for 25c
Rogers' Golden Syrup—5-lb.
tin   7Bc
Wild Itose Pastry Flour—10-
lb. saclis   SOo
Malkin's Host and Empress
Making Powder—Tin , ,28o
Sngai—With or without
other goods, while It
Hour—Royal Standard and
Robin Hood, 49-11). sacks
for $3.25
Tin* Home of Quality
Seymour  1200
_X ' -   ."   » «»V   :
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*<•  „.-?y'•'-"•'   '   ':■■
Vm*.<£..       '   <    ' ■ .      , ■■<
Latest photo of the Russian Soviet leader,   (By courtesy of the
London Daily Herald.)
Phone Sey, 221      Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson ft Clegg
631 Homer St   Vancouver, B. 0,
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ono year'i lubserlptloD to Tho
B. 0. PVilprttionist, will be nailed to
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(Quod nnywhoro outsido of Vancouver
city.) Ordir ten today. Remit whon nold.
All Royal Crowo Products
carry Coupons, redeemable
for useful article*..
box, told us how I got there. It
wasn't placed before the jury, but
he told the court how I got to
Montreal. I got to Montreal because the machinists working on
fifteen railroads in this country
said that "Johns must go and
speak to the railway war board for
us." Now if thore was any sedl
ttous Intention in that those thousands of machinists working on all
tho railways in Canada are responsible, "because thoy marked their ballot for me. I went there and what
did I do? I went thereand I did
just what I told them I was goiusj.
to do in March, lour lordship must
bear with me for a few minutes.
Previous to the last year when
thoso committees went to Montreal, and met the employers, I don't
know of one that did not go thete
and violate the instructions of the
rank and flle. That is, they were
instructed to do something, and
when they went, before the employ-'
ers the employer said to them,
Vou nre Intelligent men, you hnye
good judgment, you are the klnd-
of men who should come before us
and represent the working class.'* '
Why Were They Good Men?
Certainly they are good men;-
why are 'ny so good, so acceptable to the employer? It is becnuse they do what the employer
wants them to do. Then you have
tho rank and file all through the
country saying, "You traitors; you
sold  yourselves «to  the  employer."
No, it is not that, they merely
:o beforo the employer, and the
employer tells them they aro a
bunch of good fellows, and they
fall for it, you see.
• When the two-thirds majority
vote was cast for a strike, what do
you think I Would do? Would I
go befbre the war board and say,
"maybe you will give me a better
iob than I have now if I do something for you? I could not do
that. That is not my particular
psychology. I may be foolish for
my own petty interests, but li
pleased me better to do what I was
told to do. That was why T said:
"Now you have voted for a strike;
If you' vote "for a strike, It is your
business and not mine, and that
was why ail this evidence was
carried Into the court here, and
they said Johns was a conspirator
because he wfrote to Russell, —and
Russell, by the way, was secretAry
of the organization that I represented, that wns why I did my
duty as representing the working
There Was a Conspiracy.
This is what I contend. It may
be a little out of place, hut I contend that there waa a conspiracy
on the Rfirt of the employers of
this country to get me out of the
way. I am not such an individual
that they needed to worry about.
But that is their psychology. • They
think men In the labor movement
Mad men. No, they do not. You
may not accept it, but you will
find, your lordship if you go into
that shop whero I worked these
years as a machinist, where there
was one man at tjuit time, a year
ago, carrying those Iduas. You
will find twenty today, and it is not
my fault. I haven't boen thero.
That psychology is Increasing. It
Is foolish of Mr. Andrews to aay
thore are no classes in Canada.
There is the working claas and
thoro Is tho c'apllallst class—two
classes—one trying to get from the
other all that they can. Our philosophy is something tho capitalist
class doesn't want, they reject it
in the most forcible way, but it is
hero, and Ihey will have to deal
with It. All we have attempted to
do Is to explain it. When I went
to the Majestic meeting, Batsford
said; "Johns is a sane economist,"
Ho said I was conservative compared with the other fellows This
Is what I told them in that mooting. .That we were producing social nnarchy owing to the ownership of the means of producing
wealth being owned privately, and
I said that arising out of that condition, there would be an inevitable rovolution, what did I mean
by that? Batsford contends' that
when the word revolution was
used lt meant we were out for
blood. Nothing of the kind. I
told them that thoy should get to
work and educate themselves, and
prepare themselves for that day.
I said that. I know I said that.
There lu nothing wrong with it.
It la our psychology. \. mean this,
your lordship, that some time the
means ve have of satisfying the
needs of the people will no longer
be able to do that, they will be inadequate, and arising out of that,
ii social ownership is inevitable—
social ownership of tho moans of
producing wealth. That is all-
only misunderstood by the powers
that be.
Brat the Working Class.
I contend thoro    was    a    con-
^nlracy, and the general strike in
, Winnipeg waa precipitated by tho
citizens committee, becauso the
O. B. U. was being organized. That
was all, and they certainly beat us
that Is, temporarily they beat us.
I am going to give them credit for
that. J admire them for their
work. That Is a funny thing to
understand—we don't understand
it sufficiently—they beat us. Today I have to go behind bars, just
because they beat the working
class. Punishing me will not stop
this, your lordship. You can punish me, but that will not stop, it,
the psychology is there, the same
as it was before. We are responsible—ono Pritchard and one
Johns—because one Pritchard Is a
top-notcher and received the'hlgh-
est number of votes in Calgary, he
started the O. B. U. Nothing of
the kind. Prltchard did not start
ttye O. B. U.. Had Pritchard never
b,flen heard of the O. B. U. would
haye gone through that process,
ajjd it must come, because the
W^Jtlng class today are becoming
i^ivc- to themselves. The citizens
C^nmlttee of Winnipeg; what did
${]%.. citizens' committee of Great
gfijtaln do when the groat railway
§lr\k_ was on? Did they say it
Wfifl an honest strike by honest
Uj-l^or? "No, It was an attempt by
t^f,,.working class to start a revo-
1/itfpn." t
^."Tlioy were keeping tbe milk
trptfi the babies," and all the rest,
fyytj eventually that strike was setting find the wnrkers went baek
be^jnise they prevented a reduction In wages.
"■> ■' Working; Cla-«s Got Tired
' In Winnipeg, havo the working
class the right to strike? Yes,, the
working class can strike in sections, or in other words, strike as
the employer wants them to strike,
and he wants thein to strike by
hundreds so that they can defeat
that section, and then start in after another section, and we have
continually defeat, defeat, defeat.
The working clasa got tired of
that, snd they said,' we will band
ourselves together and we will get
stronger. But wc lost that tight.
We arc here and your lordship Is
going to pass sentence upon us.
Peculiar Incident
I want to call to your attenllon
one incident In connection with
this trial that I think should be
brought before the court—I didn't
have the opportunity previously.
V feel that while I am going behind tl^- bars I did not get alt
that I should have got in this
court, " muy be that I am somewhat docile. It may be that my
brain will not permit me to comprehend all the procodure, but this
Is the point—when I came into
court at half past nine one day I
saw that door open (indicating
Hide door of court room). A funny
thing about tbat door is that it
does not closo <julckly, and tbat
door was open enough for mo to
see a juryman standing at that
table, nnd I also saw Air. Wheeler
standing beside him. That was
only one week before the close of
the trial. That might havo been
a coincidence, for when I went
Into our room over there, the
otber said, "Oh, I guess It doesn't
matter. But five minutes later
Mr. Bonnar camo in with tbe
morning newspaper, and said:
"Whnt do you think of this?" and
here was the picture of Mr. Wheeler with the Jury. Of course, [
know lhe picture showed Mr. fllen-
tle with his beard, and It must
hnve been taken in tbo early part
of the trial, but when tbe two
things were connected, "Well," I
said to myself, "This is peculiar."
This is thc point I want to drive
home if I can. I don't know Mr,
Wheeler personally. He may bo a
fine gcnileman, but I have beard
he fs against us. Of course he has
that right; we can not expect
every ono to be with us, hilt he Is
supposed to be agninst us, nnd he
wns standing beside that juryman.
Now, just put it the otber way,
supposing I had the opportunity
to stnnd with tha Juryman, maybe
I could put something In their ear
that would be all right for us. I
can not help but think your lordship, that everything Is not just
as clear as it. might be, and I go to
goal today thinking that thore
was something there that should
not exist. I am not condcrwting
your lordship for that, becauso I
don't know whother you are responsible or any other mnn, but
seeing1 It, I can not eliminate it
from my mind.
Question (he Law
I am going to close with these
words, tbat the law to me Is not
everything that I would like it to
be, naturally. I bave to go lo goal
because o'f the law. But I would
like to know if it is good law to
per'mil.s crown council to speak to
the Jury and tell them about what
happened in Russia, about, tbe Allies interfering in Russia, and tell
them these things whieh were not
In evidence, and also many other
things—whether that is good law.
Then my counsel was Interrupted
for doing a similar thing, and Mr.
Hollands lost himself in speaking
td the jury In that respect because
of the -interruption, and I feel if
that Is good law, and proper procedure, then all I have to say, your
lordship, is that I hope the next
time, lf ever it should be, that a
member of the working class is
put on trial In the courts of justice, that there will be some common sense used in that respect. I
will now conclude and thank you
for your patlenV.
The Court—You know it may
be difficult for some of us chaps
who have grown up through poverty and penury and have become
lawyers and judges to understand
what you consider commop sense.
It may be difficult for us, but that
does not make any difference here
or there, Johns.
R. J. Johns—I don't think so,
your lordship.
The Court—The sentence of the
court Is—I might say to avoid any
■su-spence—that the sentence will
be the same all the way through;
that on thp first count you be imprisoned In the common goal of
the eastern Judicial district of the
province of Manitoba, for one year
on the first count; on the second
count, one year; on the third
count, one year; on the fourth
count, one year; on the fifth count,
one year; on the sixth count, one
year, and on the seventh count,
six months—all to run concurrently.
Railroads Getting: Badly
Tied Up Right Across
CHICAGO. — Representatives of
8500 members of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen employed in the Chicago
switching district defied their union officials and voted to join the
unauthorized switchmen's strike
called nearly a week ago.
Defy Grand Officers
The vote of the engineers and
firemen came in the face of predictions of grand officers.of Uie Brotherhood of Ruilway Trainmen and
the 'Switchmen's Union of North
America, that on Saturday the
strike would be broken by loyal
union men rushed here from other
The walkout includes firemen, engineers, switchmen, oilers and
other railroad yard workers.
Freight, as well as passenger
trafflc will be tied up.
The "insurgent" railroad strike
has spread to other parts of the
United States today.
Eas: and west-bound freight
movement across the continent, already restricted by the Chicago
strike, was hampered further by
switchmen striking at such strategic gateways as Buffalo and Kansas City, and at such centres as
Joliet and Decatur, 111., and Gary,
Leaders Lose Control
Today will decide whether the
railroad brotherhoods can control
their men, or whether the unauthorized strikes sweeping railroad
yards from Buffalo, N.Y., to I-os
Angeles, Cal., have so disrupted
the established unions that leaders
have lost all control.
The strikers said their action
here was the result of being underpaid and predicted the entire Pacific Coast, if not the whole nation,
would be affected soon.
Workers in East
Are Becoming: Alive
(Continued from page 1)
the Minister of Justice at Ottawa
and the defense committee of Winnipeg."
Fnccd by  Dictatorship,
J. Arthur Conner of Toronto,
mover of the resolution, made a
bitter attack on the Dominion Government. "We're faced In the Dominion Government by a dictatorship of the legal profession," he
said. Conner cited glaring cuses ot
persecution of men arrested under
orders in council,
'We'ro fast becoming a raeaSof
political degenerates," John F.
Thompson *jf London declared.
For If wo say anything, some Individual says 'hush.' The chartists
blazed the way for labor, and were
thc Bolshevists of their dny.
I wonder where we would be If
we follow these political Inverte-
bracs. We must be fighting mon
ud tako deflnflo sides, and fearlessly express ourselves ns to what
we desire, lf this case goes to tin*
British Privy Council its judges
will drop down dead to learn thai
wo In Canuda are so recalcitrant
to the principles of the British
constitution, and to the principle of
froo speech, free expression of
opinion and the right to combine
lo better our conditions,"
Never t^n PcaecfuT.
Peter Hecnun, Labor party member of the Ontario Legislature for
Kenora, wiio seconded tho resolutions, declared: "These resolutions aroso no mattor what the
charge, or what they got out of
the Winnipeg strike. I was In Winnipeg during most of the time of
that strike, and It was nevor so
peaceful before. It was because of
thc advice of these men now found
guilty, that it was carried out so
peacefully. Tn my opinion, no mallei* how guilty thoy sny theso men
are, notwithstanding their verdict,
these men aro no more guilty than
all who nre In this eonvention."
Shortly after the resolution was
adopted the convention decided to
put a plank in Its platform, advocating absulute freedom of speech.
The London Morning Advertiser
gave a column and a half report of
this Incident, devoting one column
to what I said about metfiodfl of the
arrests and Incidents of tlio trial
and the men convicted.
Tho London Free Press nnd Toronto's three morning newspapers
also carried extensive reports.
This all goes to show that labor
everywhere, when it gets an inkling of the truth about the activities
of any of its spokesmen, Is ever
reaily to stand back of men like
labor's class-war prisoners Iu Winnipeg
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Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East 7M Oranvllle Street
Seymour 988-672 Seymour 9613
The Season's Nobbiest Styles
LOW-CUT footwear will be very popular this season nnd we
aro propared to meot every demand with lh. "Best Footwear
Quality considered, our prices arc tlio lowest.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
twelfth tear. no. is     __t- BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDEKATIONIST     tancouveb, b. a
rRIDAT April  S,
BOYS' D1SPT— 2nd floor
Buy Where You Can Get
Union-Made Clothes
New customers are continually telling us that our
assortments arc wonderful both as i'or size and variety. Then they send us tlieir friends, Older customers
arc a little more reserved in their enthusiasm, because generous assortments of good All-wool Clothes
here are an old story, with them.
Probably, if nil union men knew of thr wonderful vulues
In Clothing' to he obtained hero; that this is tho only store
In Vancouver that sells Clothes carrying tho union label;
we would number many more of them among our customers. That is why we are advertising in tho Fodorationtst-
we have godti Clothes, plenty of them, and
they arc made by union men in union shops.
Come in and look over the attractive vulues
$40, $50, $60 and $75
Ihe Home ol
R. B. Russell, George Armstrong,
\V. A. Pritchard ami R. J. Joans,
four of the convicted strike lead'
ers, were nominated for seats in
the provincial legislature hy the
Winnipeg Socialists,
Spring Water
Spri* Clothes
Both Desirable If You Get Them Pure
and Good
Are made by skilled operators in strictly sanitary factories—no sweat-shop
Buy Fashion Craft and be sure of satisfactory service as well as good style.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
How to Solve
the Problem
oftheNeu) Outfitting for the Family:
The rilffleultiofl experienced in these days
of constantly rising' prices in clothtr.g may
be readily offset by our CIIKOIT SVSTBM.
You muy select your garment, PAY A
\\IM(, ti little at a tlrilo to suit your eon-
veiiieiwc.. Following is a list of the high-
grade articles or ready-to-wear apparel we
Forget -your worries and "PAY Tlltf KASY
for Men and Women
Opposite the Province Office
Phone Soy. 1361
U. S. Commercial Representatives Not Yet Ad
mitted to Russia
Washington.—The League of
Nations mission to investigate conditions in Itusaia may be turned before-It reaches the borders of that
Moscow's decision, plainly statod
to the entente powers, Is likely to
be that only governments which
make known their own official atti
tude toward Jtussia will be free to
scud missions there.
A compromise solution is consld
«red possible, based upon the complete freedom of soviet missions t<
visit the entente countries simultaneously with the League of Nations' "slumming trip" into Russia
Armed with full authority to conclude contracts with the soviet government, a representative of a Ohl
rago packing corporation arrived at
Copenhagen a few days ago, en
route to Russia. There he wus courteously informed by Maxim Litvinoff, assistant commissar for foreign affairs, that the Chicago packers would have to procuro some
statement of policy from the American government before their
American representatives would be
admitted to Russia.
In this connection, one of the
packing corporations is said to aim
at making a deal for the establishment pf a large packing plant on
the lower Volga, for the preparation of Russian meats exclusively
for export
The politicul effect of Moscow's
refusal to admit commercial ugents
to Ru-tslu In advance of a statement
or policy by the Washington administration is expected i:i iho form of
a concerted demand by American
exporters for a show-down by the
state department.
Financial  Plutocracy of
the World Encouraged
(By tlie Federated Press)
Washington.—inlernn tional lln-
alii'ial interests were baok of the
Prussian reactionaries In tlio reeent
monarchist attempt, mid In order to
prepare the ground for their eotip
o'etat at Berlin had thwarted every
move to revive the economic life oi
Germany, J. P. Morgan &. Co. had
concluded arrangements to loan the
Wolfgang Kapp dictatorship $100,-
000,000 as soon as tlie Kbert government should be overthrown.
The foregoing facts reached the
Federated Pross correspondent here
from a Scandinavian banker in intimate touch with European diplomacy. He explains that for more
than a year allied financiers have
been-perfecting a plan to get rid
of working-class, influence lu the
Oerman government.
To this end, lie says, tho Ebert
forces were "starved out" b.v American Interests, and needed loons,denied thehi. A tenta.tlvo loan of
many millions to the Ebert government was pot off by a ruse when
the news of the impending reaction reached Wall Street.
The complicity of certain British elements In thc revolution is
suggested in a telegram sent to
London from Lord Kilmarnock.
British chnrge d'affaires ln Berlin:
"Tho position or the new government appears to havo been
strengthened. Military coups have
heen carried out lu 115 towns."
At the time this was written
(March Iii) every newspaperman In
Germany knew that the Kapp dictatorship had no hold whatever on
thc people, and that thc general
strike of the .workers hud attained
wide proportions.
Ask your grocer If his clerks ar«
'» the union?
Peace Can Find No
Place on Earth
(Continued from page 1)
achieving the Coup de Btat They
were excellently clothed and armed,
equal to 1914. Noske could have
disarmed and demobilized them.
He did not do so because the Allies
did not wisli hira to. The reasons
for Marshall Pocli Insisting that
Germany maintain an army larger
than thnt laid down in the peace
terms were, 1st, in order that they
might he usod against Russia. 2nd.
to provide an excuse for the calling
uii of (he W21 clnss of conscripts
(whicli has just heen done) in ordor to ho ready for any internal
emergencies which might arise.
3rd, if the German army was to
be reduced to a mere police force,
thoro could he no excuse for maintaining moro than a police force
in France. If the German general
staff was eliminated what need
would there bo for a French genera! staff, which, during hostilities,
had ontcred into arrangements
with each other not to' bomb or
shell tlie staff headquarters on
either side, wero likely to relinquish thoir relations with each
other now that hostilities had
ceased. It was only hy the development of an International spirit
that we could hopo to avoid tin-
other conflict.
Col. Wedgowood followed In a
similar strain. Commander Gl'on-
foil said the chairman had mentioned one piack International. He
know of another the International
of Ambassadors. He had beeu an
insido member for the past six
years and had found that tho same
viewpoint, the same opinions existed in all of them. If the question
was one of Internal dlssention in
any country there was unanimity
of opinion as to (he method of dealing with It. Always against the
people. Tho British Embassy,
which had been at Petrograd.
would havo known just as much
about Russia had it been at Paris
or Madrid. They mot exactly the
same kind of pooplo they would
meet In any of the great capitals.
They know nothing of the conditions in Russia. During 1912 and
13, when questions wero being
asked lu the House of Commons us
to whether or not this country had
any agreement with France, lhe
answer was Invariably "that Eng-
laug was free from entanglements
In every respect." Then the next
day a messenger would bo sent
from tlie Embassy in Paris to the*
French foreign olllce to toll them
to take no notice of tho newspaper
reports, as such answers were necessary, hut not to worry as wc
would be thore "ou tho night."
He said: "I know what Clime
stond3 for and what 1 stand for,
and that is Bolshevism, '.Umd
and prolonged applause).
After boing in close contact- with
Russian affairs for tho past two
years and observing Iho colossal
wall of calumny raised against
Russia hy the press of the capitals!
100 lbs - $19.50
Xo Porch a sins Dividend
ke Floii
Aunt Jemima Pancake Flour
Central and Brunch Stores.
Society, Ltd.
nations, I am forced to the conclusion that Uie news coming from
Moscow ia truth of the highest order.    (Applause),
The Hon. Bertrand Russell (who
was greeted with applause) said
he had only just got ln from Prance
and had been too late to hear what
the others had said. He hoped,
therefore, that he would not repeat
them, or what was worse, contradict them.
Dealing with the quostion of Internationalism and of the effects
of Nationalism in the carrying on
of war, he said that a repetition of
tho late war, on a more colossal
scale, was inevitable unless we
change the social system under
which we live.
imperialists can never agree with
one another because the Imperialism of one country always clashes
with that of another. It is only
the Socialists who cnn carry out
their programme simultaneously in
every country.
At the same time a socinl change
can not be carried out in any one
country. It is an Interna tional
movement, Tho leaders of the
Russian movemont have been, and
are, trying to introduce Communism, but the backwardness of
oilier nations, the blockade, and
the necessity of keeping an army
in the Held, is checking their efforts considerably. Some people
held that the present social system
aided and advanced art and culture. Por his port, though he must
admit it was very difficult to Bet
authentic information from Russia,
still, such accounts as did come
through of Lunacharsky's effort.-;
In the direction of education, were
such as to till hira with admiration,
lie was assured that the educational methods of Ltmacharsky were
snch as tended to develop to the
fullest extent, tho artistic and creative impulses of all the people.
He ilnished by saying that war
on a more gigantic scale cannot
be avoided; peaco can find no' place
on earth until tlie present system
of social inequality Is cleared trnin
tlie face of the earth.
I am as ever,
Best Values
in Men's
Working Boots
Brown and black—solid leather throughout—all
sizes and widths. You are guaranteed a perfect
fitting. We specialize in that service—fit you
. properly.
In this exclusive men's shoe store you will feel
at home—it's the place where you get just what
you want—where you leave with no regrets.
Come in—inspect our new store—look over the
splendid lines we offer—at values you can't get
Cornett Bros. & Clarke
33 Hastings Street East
Union-Made Shoes
We arc offering a. roal good
miion-madc shoe..far meu,
mude by J. A. & M, Cote
Co., on Saturdiiy at a special price. Thi3 shoe te
good HO value,
our prlci
and a purchasing dividend.
The "Ladyware*- boot ia well
known and we uro'Offering
them Saturday ut u price
that will appeal to every
woman who has a keen
sense of knowing a bargain.
This is a regular $12 vnlue
our price
and a purchasing dividend.
Society, Ltd.
International Used Daily
Press in Attacking the
Former Officials
Borne two months ago there appeared In the Calgary Herald an
attack on the former officers of
District 18. r.M.W. of A. Parts of
uu auditor's report were published
which implied that there had bcen
some crooked transactions on the
part of Socretary Edward Browne.
It was also shown that the District
Ledger plant at Kornic, whicli cost
about eighteen thousand dollars,
had bcen sacrificed and the attempt
was made lo place the blame ou
the former editor. In addition to
tho attack in the Calgary Herald,
au unsigned circular letter was
sent to overy local in the mining
The miners promptly took the
matter up und by strong resolutions condemned the insidious attack nnd expressed absolute confidence In the integrity of Secretary-
Treasurer flrowne. Browne him*
self challenged the International
commission which had mado the
attack to come out iu the open
and show the books and reports in
their possession to the membership. The former editor of the
District Ledger admitted that the
newspaper plant had beeu nacri-
flced after the property had been
seized by Die international and tlio
paper suppressed. The auditor of
Marwick, Mitchell & Peat, the (irm
employed by the international, ox-
i)reused hia annoyance at the garbled and misleading report published in the Calgary Herald anti
the unsigned circular.
Had there beon a scintilla of evidence of any wrongful transaction,
either in connection with the affairs of the district or of the ofliciul publication, the District'Jjed-
get',' the international commission
would have Quickly commenced a
prosecution. This they were challenged to do but they left for tho
United Statos some three mouth:)
ago and have never returned. The
remnants of the internalonal orga-
ni/aion thoy loft in chargo of onc
.Morgan l«ewis and up to date softie
quarter of a million dollars has'
been expended iu lho effort to kill
the O. B. U.
A strike of maritime workers has.
been ordered by the Marluo Union
In all tho ports of France. The
strikers demand the liberation of
sailors who mutibied in the Black
Sea In 1917.
■ Electrical Trades Lecture
The Vnncouvor Electrical Trades
Association will hold a lecture "The
British Trade Union Movement" in
their hull at 410 Pender St. West
this (Friday) evening. Tom Richardson, speaker.
-Athens—It Is announced hore
that an Italian commercial mission lms arrived In Athens on tbe
way to Knssia to negotiate With
the soviet government for th'e purchase of raw materials for manufactures; The mission, it is said,
is provided with several million
roubles in cash,
Labor demonstrations of au imposing nature are expected ill,Farts
on May 1 and. it- is declared ox-
Ircmists may seek to foment a nation-wide walkout.
London—Mounted police wi
heavy batons charged upon 15,0
ex-service men parading to prott
the discharge of several ex^tuldie
from Woolwich arsenal and itoi
yards, and wounded 60 men. Tl
clash took place at Westmlnst
Bridge, when a large body
police met the paraders. scIki
iheir banners, and m Ad ft gencro
use of their new batons, which a
especially long and heavy. Tl
scene-was confused and violent.
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
SEATTLE.— A directed verdict
of acquittal was ordered b.v Superior Judge Ronald for E. B. Ault,
editor of the Seattle Union Record,
a lubor dally newspaper charged
with criminally libelling tho .'me-,
mories of the four-former aoldiers i
killed by alleged Industrial Work
ers of the .World at Central in
Men's Strong Work Shirts, up from  $1.50
Men's Underwear, from  $2.50
Men's Balbriggan Underwear :. $1.50
Men's Gloves, from  65c
Riggers' Gloves, doublefpalm, thumb rivottcd $3.00
Men's Overalls, good ones, from $2.50
Mackinaw Shirts, from $9.00
Blankets from, pair $6.00
Diamond Sweaters $7.50
Raincoats at all prices, from : $7.50
Tweed Coats, rubber lined, from  $16.00
W. B. Brummitt
444 Main Street
18-20 Cordova Street W.
Specials in
Men's Suits
—with the clarion call of value
.Suits that don't just look good at the price—but look good for all time. Made
by exclusive Canadian style manufacturers— bought, in quantity—offered you
Saturday at a money saving only Dick's have the power to give.
Men's Blue Serge
Iii large sizes, 42 to 40. Pure all-wool serges—built specially for thc stouter
man. Clearing Saturday at—
$35 to $40
Irish Serges
Suits with that; smart finish built right into them. Special clearance on Sat-
Wonderful values in Men's Fancy Worsted Suits. These arc odd sizes—specially collected to clear off Saturday. High-grade suits wc regularly sell at
$15. Going at— i
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
Tho largost exclusive Men's Stor.
In tho Wost—handling Die best Canadian lines at values Imjioeslbl.
trom imported goods.-
Wm. Dick Ltd.
..   .-»


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