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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 18, 1921

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Array INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER-WUDKS AND. LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITT: VICTOBT
THIRTEENTH YEAR.  No. 10
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MOANING. . MARCH 18,1921
-__■.—,.■ — ,_„ ..—   _■_.„       ,        ........ ', ^l.'Jii C ■        '       wi •  ■■  ' ■     m   ..-if.     i    i
$2.50 PER YEAR
RUSSIAN KVOLTS OLD CLOTHES
Paris Newspapers Printing Stories Before
Trouble Started
Kronstadt Trouble Result
of French Conspiracy
While the press propaganda on
affairs In Soviet Russia has not
been quits as startling during the
past week as it was the week previous, yet lt has followed ths same
lines. As an Instance of press veracity the "news" Items ln the early
part of the week were a fair sample. One newspaper carried on the
front page two Items, that to say
: the least were somewhat contradictory. One of these articles dealt
with the Internal difficulties that
were having to be cpped with, due
to the counter revolutions, and the
other announced that some eighteen to twenty divisions of Bolsheviki troops were advancing on Poland, a somewhat peculiar condition if the Soviet regime was facing a counter revolutionary movement,, the. following dispatch from
the Federated Press will give some
little light on the recent troubles
In Soviet Russia, and'will at the
same time refute the press propaganda that has been carried on
during the past two weeks:
(By the Federated Press
New York (N. Y. Bur.)—The
"revolts mutinies and uprisings"
which once more—in the columns
of the anti-Soviet press of France,
England and America—are bringing about the "collapse" of tho
Russian government, consisted in
fact of czarist and foreign plots,
plus an unsuccessful attempt to
foster strikes In Moscow and Petrograd following an equalization
of food rations which cut off extra
rations to employes of the government, printing factory. The Petrograd and Moscow disturbances
ended almost immediately. The
Kronsdadt revolt does not menace
Petrograd, and dissension and
lighting already Is ln progress
among the mutineers.
These facts—the flrst complete
and authentic ones describing this
latest propaganda assau 11 upon
Russia—are set forth ln detail by
the Russian Telegraph Agency, the
official Russian news bureau, in
dispatches fnwn Moscow. The news
was given out by the Soviet Russia
Bureau. Which received the facts
by Marconlgram from Chrlstlanla.
The dispatches add that the coun-
(Contlnued on page 8)
Willing   to   Work   But
Must Accept
Charity
Ex-service men who were
gaged on .the fields of France and;
Flanders, making demooracy safe
for the ruling elass, and who are
now on the bread line and unable
to secure the necessities of life, are
learning a very valuable lesson
these. The following item appeared in a local paper on Wednseday:
"The clothing given to the Returned Soldiers Club In response
to the recent appeal, has all been
put to good use, and further supplies are now urgently needed.
The returned men have without exception readily grasped all opportunities for work. Many of them
are very badly off for clothes, and
with the weather as It is they are
suffering a good deal.
The business man Ib again asked
to dig up some more suits, overcoats, boots, etc, and advise the
club immediately.
Is every comfortable, well-fed,
well-clothed civilian doing his hit
in this little matter, asks the chairman of the finance committee.
Poverty is usually attributed to
idleness and lack of thrift on the
part of the individual, ln view of
the statement that the retdrned
men have "readily grasped all opportunities for work," the unemployed returned men are evidently
not to blame for their poverty,
which makes it necessary that old
clothes be collected to protect
them from the weather. No doubt
the returned heroes are flattered
by the news items that appear ln
the press from time to time along
similar lines to the above, but they
will have considerable to do before
they attain that which they were
supposed to flght for. Oh, where
are those specious promises which
were made when "our empire" was
in danger? Are they concealed ln
the linings of old clothes?
Another Four Thousand Wanted
and Wanted Quick
■'..''' s
THE first thousand has been raised. But ve need tie •tfcer four thousand dollars, and need it quick. The price of
paper is still high, and there is no sign of advertisers coding through. The boycott against this paper is evident
ly still on, and workers are still patronizing those who do not advertise in the Pedentionist We must have the
money and the active support of the workers or fail in our efforts to keep a real live working-class publication in
existence. The appeal has been made and it is now up to Ae workers to deliver the goods.   ...
One of the most encouraging features of tht campaign is the support that is being given to the drive for fundi by
all kinds of working-class organizations-. Many of the International unions have realized that without a paper such
as the Federationist they are helpless when it comes to a st&ggle with the employers, and are giving both money and
time in the effort to keep the Federationist in the field.
From far eastern Canada to Frince Rupert in the North, workers are rallying to the aid of the Federationist, but
there seems to bc some idea that it will do next week, Ttt is la not the attitude that will get results. Now is the time
to get busy.   Now is the time the money is needed.       .'"'
Workers Struggle Against
Government Brings
Results
Vienna—From the mass of con
Dieting reports received here as to
the status of the Labor movement
tn Jugoslavia, following the drastic
measures of repression adopted by
the government td crush the gen-
eral strike called by the Communists at the end of the year, two
features stand out. One Is the
fighting spirit of a large number of
the Jugoslav workers, and the other
Is the determination of the business interests to take advantage of
the reign of martial law to break
up the unions at all costs.
In connection with the transportation through Croatia of some of
the remnants of Baron Wrangel's
counter-revolutionary troops, who
had been landed in Dalmatia, there
Were hostile demonstrations at
many of the railroad stations, and
ftt Vokovar, Stephen Suponcez, a
leader of the demonstrants, was
•hot and killed.
Hundreds of mine workers who
resisted efforts to cut wages and
Increase working hours, have been
thrown into Jail and subjected to
abuses. The Jugoslav government,
however, does not feel any too confident in its strength, so it is now
busily making promises of better
treatment of the unions and a restoration of civic rights In the near
future.
Millions Suffer From Malaria Without Necessary Medicines
A special dispatch has Just been
received from Moscow in which
Prof. Martslnovsky advises that
there are about ten million sufferers from malignant malaria In
Russia at this time. The quinine
on hand in all Russia wtth which
to combat this pernicious disease
amounts to about 6000 lbs. A mere
drop in the bucket.
Immediately upon receipt of this
dispatch, the Soviet Russia Medical
Relief Committee decided to use all
the funds which it has on hand,
about $3000, for thc purchase of
quinine and other drugs to help relieve this deplorable situation. But
this will not go very far in view of
the great need, '■»
The steamer Lackawanna Valley
is now loading at pier 22, Brooklyn,
with goods and medical supplies
for Soviet Russia. R will sail about
March 20.
Kronstadt Is the Only Rebellious Spot in
Country
The following cablegram has
been received from Moscow ln reference, to newspaper stories:
Moscow.—The fantastlo stories
abroad about revolutions, street
fights and mutinies in Petrograd,
Moscow and other cities are pure
Inventions. The Kronstadt affair
ls a separate incident ' without effect anywhere else.
A gang of Czarist generals and
French spies took advantage of
dissatisfaction among the Kronstadt sailors, whose extra rations
were temporarily revoked; but now
that the counter-revolutionary
schemes of the plotters have been
revealed, thc sailors are deserting
the generals and their gang.
The reactionaries still control the
battleship "Petropavlovsk," but our
fortress guns are speedily ending
the adventure. The reason this was
not done earlier ls that we wanted
to spare the ship and the men Imprisoned aboard her.
The Soviet forces, under the personal command of Trotsky and Tu-
chachevsky, have the situation well
ln hand. Moscow Is as peaceful
as a Sunday in a New Engalnd
village. Mild excitement, not unmixed with merriment, was caused
by the receipt of wireless messages from abroad telling of bloody
fights here. The alarmist reports
are obviously aimed at preventing
the attainment of peace between
Russia and England and America.
RUSSIA PREPARES
POR SPRING DRIV*
Bot Only with An Army of Workers to Carry on Production
of Commodities
Moscow—The instructions of ths
last all-Rnsslan congress have to a
large extent been carried but. The
peasants have already received
their seed -and the completion of
the equipment necessary for ths
spring work. Three thousand steam
plows and about 800,000 plows of
every sort have been made available. Many of the minor manufacturing plants are being Used for
repairs of agricultural Implements
and for the manufacture of new
tools.
"I
E
WE NEED IT NOW
While May Day lias been set as
the closing date for the raising of
$5,000 for the Federationist, lt
should be understood that we need
It NOW.
The  Indian  Cove,  Nova  Scotia,
miners have won their strike.
Twenty Locomotives Per
Week for Soviet
Russia
One of the biggest orders now
being executed in Qreat Britain
for Soviet Russia, owing to the
signing of tho trade agreement, is
by the well-known firm of Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. OJhis
firm will immediately begin the
shipping of lOussiun locomotives
via the river Tyne at the rate of
"over twenty a week." This contract is expected to run for several
years.
Other contracts with various
British firms Include vast orders
of clothing, foodstuffs, machinery,
etc,
FED. DANCE
Don't forget tlio Federationist
Danco on Friday, March 26, in thc
Pender Hall, Pender Street West.
Gents, SOc; ladles, 25c. Tickets at
Fod. offlce or any member of the
Women's Auxiliary of tlio O. B. V,
Canadian Government Is
Seeking Immigrants as
Thousands Starve
While many thousands of workers in this country are unable to
securo work, and face starvation,
the Canadian government Is carrying on an immigration policy tn
Oerat Britain, which if successful,
will only Swell the ranks of the
jobless slaves of this country. The
following Item is taken from the
Blackburn (England), Tlfnes of
Feb. 19 of this year, and demonstrates the policy that the Canadian government ls pursuing:
Canada's Cnll for Emigrants
In the Co-operative rooms,
Northgate, last week, Mr. F. W.
Kerr, Canadian government emigration agent, delivered a lecture,
illustrated by lantern slides, on
"Canada, an asset of Empire." The
lecturcer said that any man with
grit and determination was assured
of success ln Canada, and If he
sought advice from the Canadian
governmont before emigrating, he
could obtain employment at any
time, except one or two months In
the year, for which he should set
aside enough money to keep himself. In Canada there was enough
latent wealth to settle all the fin
anclal problems with which this
country was confronted today. It
was Intimated that, intending emigrants could obtain further Information from the offices of the Canadian government, at 48 Lord
street, Liverpool.
Active These
Days
The next two or three weeks will
see plenty of things doing for th*
members of the Junior Labor.
League, of which one of the most
important will«be the dance on
Friday, April 1, in Cotillion Halli
In aid of The B. C. Federatlonist
Maintenance Fund. Tickets for'
this event can be obtained from
members of the League, and at The
Federatlonist office. Any one wishing to assist the fund by Belling
these tickets, can obtain them at
The Federatlonist office, Pender
street.
On Friday next, Good Friday,
the majority of the members of the'
League will (weather permitting)
climb Grouse Mountain, starting ih
the morning, and returning by way
of Capilano Park-to take in the
picnic that Is to be held there. But
good weather or bad, climb or no
climb, the young people intend id
be on hand for the dance ln Pender Hall for The Federatlonist
Maintenance Fund on that night.
For information regarding the
climb, phone Fair. 8033L.
There will be no regular meeting of the League'until the educational meeting on April 8, after the
business meeting tonight, whicb
will be held at 3343 Windsor street,
half a block from Kingsway. Plans
are being made to have a celebration
on the second anniversary of the
forming of the J. L, L. on April 9.
All young people^are invited to
attend the economics class, held
by the J, L. L. at 2 p.m. Sunday
afternoons In the F. L, P. hall, 148
Cordova street west.
WAHTS POWERFUL
BUILDING TRADE UNION
British Building Trades Are Con-
' tinning Procebs of Forming 5
;. {" One Big Union
> Barrow—At a gathering of members of the Building Tradss Amalgamation, George Hicks, general
Secretary of the National Federation of Building Trade Operatives,
strongly appealed for a solid baok-
log of the national movement. He
Welcomed the combination already
achieved, but he wanted to see the
workers of the whole building industry m one great union, wblch
could say, "That ls our cose," and
hive the power to win."—Daily
Horald.
J.
Junior Labor League I# Will Speak on the Paris
C. N. V. X.
The Canadian National Union of
ex-service men, has opened office*
at 148 Cordova street west, ln the
Federated Labor Party hall. Any
one wishing to Join up or to seek
information regarding the above
union, the offices wll be open from
2 to 6 p.m. dally.
Commune* of
1871
An audience of fully 1200 people
awaited the rise of the ourtain at
the Empress laat Bunday nifht.
After a short talk by the chairman,
tht ipeaker of the evening, Comrade J. Kavanagh, was called upon.
Iii the course of his address, which
lifted one hour, the speaker made
many telling points,. which were
well received^   :
' .Outlining the situation in Oermany, and. dealing with the question of 'Indemnity payment by that
harrowed country, Comrade Kava-
liagH showed that It is but one of
many problems with which the master class have to deal. A clever
analysis of .the Russian situation,
with a speculation as to the possibility of a spring offensive against
the Soviet government was also
given. .
' Vigorously condemning the reactionary attitude of Kautsky,
Snowden and Thomaa towarda the
Russian dictatorship, tbe speaker
.stated that these Individuals Were
supplying the most effective arguments used by the Allied statesmen
against Soviet Russia. But the
workers are at last beginning to
open their eyes, after ages of slavery, and what la more significant,
are beginning to talk and act, Russia ls the one country in the world
where the workers are in full control. He urged the audience to see
to it that the magnificent effort of
the Russian workers was supported
both by word and deed,
dealing with the local unemployed
situation, and making humorous
references to the Canadian navy
now in the harbor of Vancouver,
the speaker pointed out tbat the
only question worthy of serious
conslderatlan by the workers, was
the question of their own emancipation from wage slavery.
Next Sunday, J. Harrington will
lecture on "The Parts Commune'
of 1871. A great meeting Is anti
clpated.
Plans for Meetings, Etc,
Will Be Announced
Later
'A large committee met on Friday laat to consider ways and
means of holding a demonstration
on the return of W. A. Pritchard
to Vancouver, It was decided to
hold a mass meeting on the Cam-
ble Street grounds and three meetings on Sunday, April S, the date
which Prltchard had stated he
would be back. The-arrangements
are, however, likely to be upset
somewhat owing to the fact that
Pritohard is in 111 health and has
been forbidden by the doctor to
speak. Latest advices are that he
will arrive on the 20th or 27th,
and final arrangements for the demonstration will be decided upon
by the committee on Friday night
at a meeting in Pender Hall. Full
announcements will be made In
the next issue of the Fedoratlon-
lst and by whatever other methods
are found to be necessary.
Rovelstoke Helps
Comrade P. R. Johnson, Revelstoke, B. C, collected the sum of
126 In that district for the Main
tenance Fund. He turned this
amount In to. the Federationist office before he left for Europe.
"Di-plomacy has become a philanthropic pursoot like shopkeepln',
but politics, me lords, is still the
same ol' spoort lv highway robbery."—Mr. Dooley.
Ex-Service Hen See the
Nature of Capitalistic Wars
A well attended meeting of the
Canadian National Union of ex-
Bervloe men, was held In the O. B.
U. hall on Wednesday event, g,
when quit* a number of new membera Joined the organiiation.
The more revolutionary portions
of the preamble and objects were
exceptionally well received by the
audience, and the determination to
never again be used in, the fighting
of battles'for the preservation of
capltalltm wu much In evidence.
Mn. Rose Henderson addressed
the meeting, and her remarks
against war were well received.
The membenhlp Is determined that
no One of commissioned rank shall
be admitted to membenhlp.
Two clauses in the constitution
display iti working claaa character, and an understanding of the
way, and the manner of obtaining
a living affect their actions.
Sec. >, Art 1, reads: It shall at
all times co-operate with Labor for
the purpose of presenting a united
front to the'common enemy.  '
Sec. 1, Art. 2: No member of the
Canadian National Union ot ex-
Servlce Men, who Is a member of
a fraternal order or other ex-service men's organisation, or of the
Dominion or Provincial civil service, or who holds an appointment
under the Dominion 'or Provincial
government, shall be eligible for
election to an official position.
The office of the secretary ts at
148 Cordova street west, F. L. P.
hall. He will be there from 2 to 5
p.m. daily for tho purpose of receiving applications for membership. The next meeting will be
held In the Loggers hall, on Wednesday, March 28, at 8 p.m.
Just a few copies of that remarkable book "Red Europe" left. Rush
In your order. Fifty cents, postpaid from this office.
No Matter What Their
Bosses'Nationality
May Be ,
LETTS PROTEST
Practical   Sympathy
Shown by Kamloops
Secretary
Meetings in O.B.U. Hail
For the Coming Week
804 FENDER BTREET WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self Determination League.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
WEDNESDAY—General Workers' Unit.
THURSDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
FRIDAY—Whist Drive and Dance, 9 to 1.
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
BIG DAMAGE SUITS
AGAINST U. S. UNION
Amalgamated Clothing Workers
Being Sued for Million and
Half Dollars
New York.—Filing of a sixth
suit against the Amalgamated
Clothing Workera by Frauhauf
Bros, and Company brings the
total of damages ln suits pending
against the union to Jl,500,000.
The firms which now claim damages against the Amalgamated and
the amounts which they claim are
as follows: Michaels, Stern & Co.,
Rochester, 1100,000; Rogers, Feet
& Co., $200,000; J. Friedman Company, 8.00,000; Joseph Skolny A.
Co., 1260,000; Heidelberg, Wolff &
Co., J250,000; Frauhauf Bros. &
Co.,  8250.000.
There Is too much canned flsh
ln British Columbia and elsewhere,
hence fishing will be luri_.lv abandoned  thlB year.
$700 I Week
IF we are to achieve onr objective, then the workers
mnst oome through with $700 every week until May
Istj To date it has not nearly reaohed that sum in any
one week. This is no camouflage campaign, it is an effort
to beat the other fellow to it, and if the workers want the
Federationist to keep on tha map then they will have to
eome across. The big interests would chuckle if the
paper went ont of business, and it depends on those who
exist by selling their labor power—when the boss wants
them—whether they will laugh at the workers' stupidity
or not.
Letters from all parts are daily
being received, promising support
to The Federatlonist. This is very
gratifying, and ln view of the Idea
that some people have about the
Lumber Workers ln their attitudo
to  The Federationist,  the  follow-
2SS J»Blrt^n*m be enl|ehtenin*'
C|o B. ■<_. Federationist,
342 Pender Street West,
Vancouver, B. C.
Fellow Worker:
Will you please furnish me with
some subscription blanks for The
Federationist as I believe that I
can get quite a few subscribers ln
this city.
The Federationist is ln growing
demand here, and although we
need, and are now getting out our
own paper to specialize in the work
of our industry, we will never be
without lots of Federatlonluts, both
ln the office and in the camps. I
feel sure that The Federatlonist,
and the Worker will work together
for the common cause, and thero
ls certainly plenty of work for both
of them, and plenty of workers to
support them both in good shape.
I remain, yours for education,
W. S. KILNER,
Secretary-treasurer,
Kamloops District.
Latvia Breaking Up the
Meetings of
Socialists
Stockholm.—Unless the reign of
reactionary terrorism said to prevail In the Republic of Latvia is
put an end to within a short time
and the constitutional rights of
free speech, press and assemblage
restored to the Lettish citizens, the
Lettish labor unions will ask the
International Federation of Trade
Unions to rally the forces of the
world against the government
headed by President Ulmarls, says
an appeal sent out by the Central
Bureau of the Lettish Trade Union
League and found in a recent issue
of Arodnecks.'
The protests of the Lettish
unionists against the breaking up
of Socinlist meetings ln Llbau have
already caused the appointment of
a parliamentary investigating committee, reports the Socialdemo-
krats. Early in January the reactionary minister of the Interior forbade the observance of the anniversary of Red Sunday.
LECTURE
-BY-*-
DR. N. S. HARDIKER
"LABOR m INDIA"
Itt the Hamilton Hall
—ON-
Saturday, March 19th, at 8 p.m.
Chairman—COM. RICHARDSON
Under Auspices of the Federated Labor Partj.
New consignment of "Pritchard's
Address to the Jury," on sale at
this office. Ten cents, postpaid.
WORKERS WUL NOT
ACCEPT WAGE CUT
Building Trado Workers Decide to
Go Into tho Contract
St. Paul—Plans for the establishment of a corporation composed
entirely of workers to contract
with prospective builders for tho
erection of buildings here are rap-
Idly being completed by members
of organized labor in this city. The
corporation will operate in a cooperative manner, with each worker owning stock and having ono
vote ln the determination of the
policies of the company.
The project ls the result of the
breach between the employers and
the workers in tho building trades,
thu focmer twing declared a wage
reduction of from 20 to 40 per
cent., to which the workers eay
they cannot ogree.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Tho Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Veteran Propagandist
WiU Be Missed By
Workers
John Houston, Socialist propagandist and editor of the O. B. U.
Bulletin, has passed to the great
beyond. Stricken ut his post, John,
who owed no allegiance to any
but tho class to which he belonged,
laid In the hospital for eight weeks,
suffering from pleurisy and pneumonia, and on Friday last he expired. That Comrade Houston
•will be missed in the middle west
there is no doubt, for he was well
known in all the towns and cities
from Winnipeg to Moose Jaw, at
which places he has often expounded the working class philosophy.
Winnipeg, where the deceased
made his home for many years,
has lost a worthy stalwart of.the
working class movement, and the
young men of that city have lost a
teacher whose interest in the rising generation of workers wos unlimited.
Allies to Use Germany as
Buffer Against
Russia
(Cable from Louis p. Lochner)
Berlin—The worken of thi
Rhlneland will continuo their battle for better living conditions and.
the dethronement of capitalism
whether their bosses be of Oerman
Allied nationality. Thi^.hej
made clear In resolutions auupted
at a meeting ln Duesseldorf ol
trade union executives and delegate!
from the Central Federation of Labor.*
'Our economic struggle is nol
for or against one or the other national groups, but against capital*'
lstlc exploitation," said the reso.
lution. The statement admonish*
ed the workers to be orderly and
observant of regulations just as 11
German authorities were still In
charge.
The Communist Party la planning to hold moss demonstration!
to urge an alliance with Russia as
Germany's only salvation. The In*
dependent Socialists are planning
to hold mass meetings all over the
country in common with the adherents of the Vienna International
to demand the revision of the peace
treaty on the basis of self-determl-.
nation of peoples, tho abolition of
militarism and the solution of the!
country's economic problems/ in accordance with the principles of in-
nection between the Petrograd retentional solidarity.
Later opinion here finds no con-
volt and the advance of the Allies
upon the Rhlneland. Wlgdor Kopp,
head of the Russian Soviet bureau
In Berlin, declares categorically
that the reports alleging Fetro- j
grad to be tn the hands of counter-revolutionists are pure Action.
He admits that the city population
was discontented because et the
lack of food and fuel, but says that
they were satisfied by the explanations offered by the govenrment
Nowhere, he says, were resolutions aganist the Soviet government adopted by the workers meetings. Only In Kronstadt did ths
counter-revolution meet with any
success, but Kopp believes that
thin will be of short duration.
The attitude of the United Com- .
munist Party toward Allied aggression is expressed in the following manifesto addressed to the
French workers, issued shortly
(Continued  on  Page  fi)
TO
MEET SUNDAY
Parade WiU Be Held if the
Weather Permits—Big
Crowd Expected
Owing to the inclement weather
prevailing last Sunday, the unemployed meeting, which was to have
been held on the Cambie Btreet
grounds, was held in the lender
HaU. J. Q. Smith was unanimously
ohosen as chairman. The report ot
the meeting of the week before,
and the Tuesday evening meeting,
with reference to the rock pile, was
read and adopted.
It was moved and seconded: That
the clothing donated by the relief
committee for children, up to ten
years old, be sent to Sam Guthrie,
M. L. A.   The motion was adopted.
It was also moved that tho Council of Workers issue a letter calling
on ull Labor organizations to send
delegates to the Council of Workers, thc letter to be published in
The Federationist.
J. Kavanagh nnd W. Blssett gave
very interesting addresses on the
working clnss position, pointing out
that tho wage workers were in a
position where they could not help
themselves under the present system of society, and urging education as one of the most potent factors tn the working class movement. Another meeting will be held
on Sundny, and tf the weather ti
fine a parade and meeting on ths
Cambie street grounds.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
GIVE A HAND
Before muking a purcliasc, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7, ,
and then patronize one of them,
and by ho doing give The Federatlonist a boost.
Whist Drive and
Dance
Under the Ansplivg of tlio Women's Auxiliary of tho
Ono Big Union
In Aid of the Federationist Maintenance Fond
PENDER HALL
FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1921
WHIST 8 to 10
Oents', 50c
DANCING 9 lo 1
Ladies', 2Bo •*\\3ta X WVt
thihteenth ybiar. No. to    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
You can't be too i
proud of your teeth
THERE'S no false pride about teeth—it's a
natural pleasure—one you ought to have-
it means the humiliation of pride if you don't
have them—or if they aren't as nature intend,
ed. The aim of nature is harmony of countenance—to restore and preserve the natural expression is the object of my work. Expression
Teeth—the up-to-date method—in which I
specialize—will greatly improve the appearance of anyone in need of the replacement of
teeth.
X-Ray Diagnosis
I   ipectalll.   in X-ray  Oiaf-
no_U—hue   my offlle.   com-
pltttly *qnipp«S. Then, too,, II
greatly     facilitate!    thorough,
rapid  work—has .   certainty
whieh   thoughtful people   demand.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
60S HASTINOS ST. W.    ,
Cornor Sermon
PHONE S-.YMOUR S3S1
Office Open Tuesday and Friday
Ercnlngs
DR.  BRETT ANDERSON,  formerly member cf Ihe Faculty of th.
Colleg. of Seatlitry, Uni.er.ity of Souther. California, Lecturer
on Orown and Bridgeirork, Demonetrator 1. 1'l.t.work ud Opera-
tire Dentiatry, Local and General Ansoathealft.
THE OFFICIAL RECEIPT
This is a reproduction of the official receipt
that is being issued.by the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for the maintenance fund:
$5   British Columbia Federationitt  #»
1921 HAINTEHANCE FUND
"fjHIS it an acknowledgment lhal the Pearethai con-
^ tributed the sum of Five DoHin ($5.00) to aid in
wiping out, tho indebtedness of tho B. C. Federationitt;
increaie its field of operation.; defend Ltbor in the every
day struggle and to become a bigger and more powerful
£_    Workers' News and Propaganda Paper    *,_
For Twenty Tun wt bav. lined this Unloa Stamp for «. nndir oir
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OVa STAMP INSURES:
Fttetfol Collective B.rgrtolni
rorhlde Both Strlkee ud Loeko.ll
DUputa. Settled ty Arbitration
Steady Employment tad BUlUd Worknumihlf
Prompt D.UvtriH tt Dealeri tad Publlo
Pmm ud Succeu tt Wer Sin ud Employers
Proiperlty tt Skoe Ibklac Ctmmuultlte
As loyal ttnloa an ud wtmta, w. uk
yot to demand akoei b.artai tbt abm
Unloa Stamp oa Sole, XUtl. «r Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
MS SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
Oollla Lovely, Oentral Pntlde.1    Caarln L, Balne, General Sle.-Treai.
Fresh OM Plowws, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquet., Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Treee, Seeds, Bulbs, florists' Snndttae
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
PLOEISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8-8TOBE8-1
It Bastings Stnet East 788 OranviUe Street
Seymour 988-672 Seymonr 9513
-SUBSBMBB TO-
The One Big Union
Bulletin
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oounoil
Bead tbe Nevis ftom Uw Prairie Metropolis
Subscription priee $2,00 per year; $1.00 for six monthi
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
HARRY WILT-COCKS, Business Manager, Roblht Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Bdltor should
be addressed to 3. HOUSTON, same address.
OMIOH MADE
% 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Mill ordm yanonally attended tt
Guaranteed to Bold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successor, to H. VOS & BON
OS CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. a
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Pbone Seymour 658 Repairs Done While Ton Walt
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for out jrear'i subscription to Tk*
U. O. Ffldentlonht, will be milled to
»nj iddrm In Canidi for $22.50
(Oood anywhere oauids of Vuieonmv
olty.) Ordw ton today, ggnlj whtn sold.
fe^
is^
ONE OP THB FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows tbat cheap good, can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing oheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
Refused  to Betray the
Confidence of a Boy
in Court
Boy Helps to Acquit His
Mother From Charge
of Murder
Tho United States Supreme court
has dismissed the appeal of Judge
Ben B. Llndsey, of Denver, from
the decision of the Colorado Supreme court, Imposing a flne of
.500 or a year ln jail for hit refusal ln th. trial of a woman for
murder, to give as testimony what
her boy had told him la conndenc
as Judge of the Juvenile court. —N.
T. Survey.
Judge Llndsey Telia the Story
Successful work with children la
Juvenile courts depends not
much upon statute and law books
—lt depends upon -understanding
the psychology and physiology of
ohild life; lt depends upon knowing th. cause, of bad things ot
whioh lies are often the beginning,
I can aay truly that In over It
years as a Juvenile Judge, I have
had very few, if any, children. He
tome. The Btatement has been frequently made, for example, that
girls are bigger liars than boys.
During my work, in the war, in
courts ln foreign countries dealing
with children, a common expression was: "These girls are suoh extraordinary liars." The girls were
not liars, the ohlldren " were not
liars; the court was simply a stupid Institution that promoted lies
and perjury. Why? Because th.
foolish courts did not know how to
lift the spell of fear which was the
cause ot the lies.
We have established a system in
this court of lifting the spell of
fear, and then the truth comes in
practically every case. But you cannot lift the spelt of fear In many
cases unless you enter into confidential relations with the child. It
Is better to get the truth thla way
than not to get lt at all, or to get
what court, generally get—a miserable lie. -'
In the midst of this work there
came a mysterious murder case in
Denver. A woman was said to have
murdered her husband. The woman's small son surprised the prosecuting officer, by suddenly' appearing one day and declaring that
not his mother but he did It.
They said the boy was a liar.
They brought him to me, as an expert in truth and falsehood. I got
tho truth out of that boy by lilting
the spell of fear by my promise that
I would not betray his confidence.
But a very able and a very worthy
and well-meaning prosecuting attorney, ln his zeal to prosecute the
mother, oalled me aa a witness to
impeach the testimony of the boy
which acquitted the mother of the
charge of murder.
I refused to betray the boy's confidence. It I had said that he had
told me the same story and the next
time I w_s called ln some other case
I refused to testify, it would have
been assumed that I had been told
a different story. I could only claim
ln the Interest of truth and Justice,
the privilege I contended tor: That
this confidence 'should be respected
by the courts in the Interests of
truth and Justice,
The lower court- disagreed with
me. I was found guilty of contempt
and fined f 600 ahd costs, with the
usual ruling, that unless I paid I
should go to Jail,
On appeal to the Supreme court
of Colorado, four out of seven
Judges held that technically I
should . have betrayed the child.
Three of the Judges, in dissenting,
held as I here contend. But one of
the four Judges wos one of my bitter enemies—one of whose relatives
had figured in the Beast and Jungle
stories, This was the deciding vote.
I therefore say that the decision
Of the Supreme Court of Colorado
ls a biased and unjust one and a
blow to the child welfare work of
this state, which I Bhall oppose with
all the strength of my souL
The Supreme Court of the United
States, I understand haa held upon
some technicality that they could
not review the decision—the very
unjust decision of our Supreme
court
I would far rather go to Jail—and
rot ln a cell—than to betray the
confidence of a child and strike
down the big principle we roust
stand for which makos for truth
and Justice as against the present
ono which makes only for lies and
injustice.
Denver.        BEN B. LINDSBT.
FRIDAT...
...March lt, lilt
JUDGE RECEIVES FORM WOMEN'S MEXICAN WORKERS MORE SM
SEINCE OE
E
ANOTHER DAN02 TO
AID FEDERATIONIST
Finnish Workera ot the Ono Big
Union Put on Dunce to Help
Out Our Finances
A whist drive and dance will be
held in the Finnish Hall, 2605
Pender Street Sast on Tuesday
evening, March 22. This will be
under the auspices of the Finnish
Workers' Unit of the O. B. ,U. ln
aid of the B. C. Federationist.
Tickets: Cents BOc, ladles 26c.
Dancing 9 to 1.
Paris.—At a moeting of the former deputies who have decided to
obey the edict of the Tours conven.
tion and form part of the Communist International it was resolved
to organize a Communist group In
tho Chamber. At a meeting of the
deputies who will remain in the old
Sooialist Partylt was announced-
that 62 of the old 64 Socialist deputies had declared their intention,
of sticking to the old party.
Moscow.—At the pGac. negotiations In Riga between representatives of tho Polish and Soviet governments thc Poles agreod to Include White Russians lathe "righto
of minorities" clauso and refusod
t .  Includo Jews.
South Vancouver Women
Help the Feder-'<"*
ationist        ->
y .---J
On Monday, the 14th Inst/ tt*
women of South Vancouver assembled In the rooms occupied by'th^
unemployed committee, It ha^bpen,
mooted for some time past in the
unemployed meetings that lt would
be a good thing if they formed
themselves Into an organization;
they therefore proceeded to organizo forthwith, naming themselves
"Tho Women'a Labor I_»ague,".j ,
Mrs. a. Corse of Vancouver ggy •
a general explanation of how such
bodies -were organized -elsewhere,
and how they functioned and tbelr
general purpose. Following, hor,
talk officers were elected as follows
President, Mra. Drummond; secretary. Miss P. Oraham; treaaurer,
Mra. D. Roe. :.-■-., a
The ladiea organiz.lt-a spl.ndld
"Get Acquainted Sooial" and* mo«t
enjoyable evening was opent on Saturday night in tho Fraser Rail. An
excellent Impromptu programme
wu arranged. Songs and recitations and Instrumental '-'numbers
were rendered tn excellent stylo.
Following a good slipper thos.
present played card, and darned
until Sunday morning, dispersing
with an enthusiastic rendering of
the Red Flag. A collection -was
taken to defray expenses.-    c■' ■'-. "
The ladles at their meeting, having a small cash surplus, decided'
to donate 16.00 toward the Fedw-
atlonlst Campaign Fund. "
The next meeting of th. Women's
Labor Leaguo will be held on the
corner of 43rd and Fr*B«r on Monday next at 7:S6 p.m. All working
women aro cordially Invited.'    7
"PUSH"
Tommy Roberta of Sandon forwards 22 subscriptions to tho Ifea-
erattonlst in spite of the fact.that
work ls pretty scarce around his
district.      __
' And W. it. Chapman of Coleman,
Alta., rustles up six autuuand.sayp
that he oould do better 1-* work, was
more plentiful. , "....
_]•■■■■_ ~'      ■ ll»_i
Gus Larson of Bholt, jB. C* appreciates the paper and shows jt by
adding four new names to our nyUI-r
ing list and collecting (5.50 foftjthe
Maintenance fund, __ '
— . -.'ttt'. «_
Of   course   you   cannot   expect
Tommy Barnard to let the wee* gor
by without getting any new-j_nibir
scrlbers. He rustle, up three mor.
from Vancouver Island. •-. f »
— -i lut
Carl Ekman of Van Anda Johwd"
the band of sub. hustlers this >veate:
by forwarding-three subs, fronuftlfc
home town. : - In
And here Is a little band who
have started In to spread-the working-class message by forwarding
two subs, apiece: L. Garner ■ of
Port Moody, E. L. Johnson of Nelson, N. Cook of Union Bay, H. &
Foster of Powell River, C. B. Bennet", of Brldesvllle.
Tou can do "your bit" by getting
at leaat one sub. Just the same as
the following have during the past
week: Geo. Dingwall, Jas Lawrle*
Mrs. H. Carr, "Vapaus", S. Griffith,
— Lockheed, W. MynttL
Timmins, Ont, Miners' Union Increases its bundle order by .6 a
week.
Victoria Longshoremen's Union
also Increases Its bundle by SO a
weeki
TREATMENT
Ideal Factory Conditions
I Prevail in Govt.-Own-
ed Plant
Labor Man Is Director of
All Factories in the
Country
IN
ALL ITS
Ten in One Room While
One Man Draws Ten
Million in Rent
The following Items appeared in
a recent Issue of tho Washington
Star, a stupid but consistent defender of things as they are:
Benin tor $10,000,000
"Ten million dollars In rent from
ono building will be received by
Capt. John Jacob Astor during the
next 20. years, under the terms'of
a leaso signed up last week in New
Tork City. The property ls tho
Hotel Astor, The blnck ls part ot
the old Eden estate, whloh originally sold for (34,000. ,-nui J
Tou Live in Onc Room Wi t
"Ten persons woro found lfltttg*
in one room by housing Inspect, re
of Grand Rapids this week. They
all eat standing ind sleep in sHrftS.
Occupants are a man and hla wl.e,.
Ave children, the grandmother,
grandfather and a boarder. Three
small beds served th. whoie
group." .*
Some wag of a printer, who''had
read "Progress and Poverty," riitii-£
have placed the Items together,r.lo'
that the effect would not be lost on'
thinking readers. ' "5
In no other way'cap we accoSht
for the appearance In a landlord's
paper of such a powerful argumjsiit
against capitalism, .    .
Ton children forced to live ln one
room while one man make, off
with $10,000,000 of "unearned Increment."—Labor.
(By Paul Hanna, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Mexico City—In one of the leng
galleries of an ancient convent, I
Saw 400 Indian girls bending over
electric-driven machines, which
■titched together army uniform, at
the respectable rate of 1000 per
day,
In another long, sunny gall.ry of
the some old convent I saw other
girls bending before machines
which turned out finished underwear for soldier.. In another,
overcoats.   In another, leggings.
More than 1200 women and men
are employed In this, the strangest
and most attractive manufacturing
establishment I ever heard about,
The average wag. of tho girls Is
aix pesos dally, whloh ls very good
for Mexico. The work day ls eight
hours. -
Bome of th. women employed
here are' married' and have babies.
In another cheerful gallery of the
building I saw a score of these
babies. They ranged in age from
three months to thi-e. years. Some
of them were asleep in spotless
swinging cradles, while other.
played about upon a thick carpet
laid over with a washable cover,
Three times a day th. mothers
of these babies are invited to leave
their whirring machine and come
to this restful nursery to feed their
Infants at the breast, Two mothers
wero so engaged as our party passed the scene while a third Infant
cried heartily for the mother who
had already beep sent for.
All the babies of women employed ln this establishment are dressed at the expense of the government, which owns the factory.
jEvei-y morning, as their mothers
deposit thom and depart for the
Reiving galleries,' tlie babies are
bathed, subjected to medical exam,-
iilatlon, weighed and dresend lu
jtresh clothing.' Food is ' supplied
piy tlie management, to all those old
enough to take ^'government ra-
.lo(is."
{' Three months before her child is
hjbrn an. expeotant mother drops
her work and remanis at home.
Her normal wage continues to be
bald, however. Such payment,
fcbntlnue until th. baby Is three
months old, at which time the mo-
jthor. ls expected to resume work.
Medical service is furnished the
(mother and child during those crl-
|tlcal six months.'
A...mall but Impressively modem hospital, with physicians and
nurses, is part of this factory's
equipment. When the electric current ..Is automatically cut off at noon
the. wprkers proceed to the factory
restaurant to enjoy Its .cheap meals
unless through personal preference
tliey choose to gather ln one of the
many sunlit courtyards and there
dispose of the lunch they hav<
brought from home.
'in turning the old convent into i
model factory, the present manage
ment has been careful to preserve
its rare architectural beauty. In
numerable charming cloisters re
main as they originally were, sav.
for. the scrupulous cleaning t<
which they have been subjected
One gallery U being converted Inti
a motion picture theatre, and an
other into a" night school for oper
atlvos.
The street approach to this factory is adorned by banka of bloom
Ing flowers, among which an Am
erlcan ls pleased to find calendula,
pansles and something very llki
Our Wild daisy, in great abundance
Within two minutes after a womai
in' our party had remarked upon
the beauty of these flowers, a smll
trig attendant had filled her arrm
with two bouquets of them.
Soldiers' uniforms are turned
out at thts government factory n-
a total cost to the taxpayer ot |>
each. And because the efficient
of the plant ls being Increased slm
ultaneously with the rapid demobl
llntlon of the Mexican army, plant
are being considered to make a par
of its equipment available for sup
plying civilian needs. A sho. factory IB being installed, and one section of the plant Is already devoted
to the manufacture of army bugles,
which hitherto have been Imported, to the delight ot foreign profiteers,
LulB Morones, presidont of the
Mexican Federation of Labor, and
now dlroctor-generftl of all government faotorlee, ls primarily responsible for the social, mechanical and
ifthanclal virtues which it displays.
[Th immediate charge is Mr. Angel
flamore, aided by an enthusiastic
corps of assistants. Tho factory is;
situated in the Tacubaya suburb of
IMexloo City.
>r Skeptical Americans, who are not
I(.pressed by the humanitarian
ihases of this extraordinary establishment, would do well to examine
It at cloBe range, to bohold the
.speed and accuracy with which
Mexican girls, can work, the excellence of their'output, the charm of
their surroundings, the elaborate
cost charts created by Manager
Zamora, and finally, to discover;
that this demonstration of modern
industrial efficiency ls the exclusive accomplishment of Mexicans.
No alien has contributed to Its creation.
Toronto, Ont.—Evictions of unemployed and others who cannot
pay rent stopped as a direct result
ot the obstruction of sheriffs officers in the performance of their
duties hy 3. Harris* Jttynn, genoral
organizer, and F. J. Marsh, provincial secretary of the Grand
Army of United Veterans. Thoy
were not prosecuted. Toronto's licensed ballffs have agreod to .stop
evictions of thoso out of work.
Edmonton      school       teachers
threaten to striko over wagos.
Rumania Govt. Still After
the Rebellious
Workers
Vienna—The Roumanian courts
continue working overtime ln thelr
efforts to hand out prison sentence.
to practically all the leaders of ths
general strike oalled last October In
protest against the maintenance of
military rule and the suppression
of civio rights. A report Just reoelved here, via Sofia, eay. the Trajan Newak, a well known leader ot
the Banat, has been sentenced to
serve ton years, and that aome 90
of his comrades have received sentences of from five to ten years,'
In an appeal to the worker, ot
other countries sent out by the executive committee of the Communist group ot the Roumanian Socialist Party, the Rouanlan Bojars
(agrarian aristocrat.), ar. branded
as th. equal, ln feorclty of th.
Horthy White terrorists of Hungary.
GIVE! A HAND
' Beforo mnking a purchase, look
up onr list of advertisers on pago 7,
and then patronize ono of them,
and by so doing give The Federatlonist a boost.
Montreal.—Operations In Montreal's cattle markets are at a
standstill because BOO butchers employed by the Davles Packing Company, ; Canadian Packing Company
and Montreal Abattoirs struck
against wag. reductions of from
12 to 26 per cent, and Increased
working hour.
GET IN THE FIGHT
When thsn Is a light on tho man
who gets in and digs Is the one that
wo like. Get In now and dig, by
patronizing Tho Federatlonist advertisers.
Help th. F>d, by helping our
advertisers.
Our prices are not for
the purse-proud
but you can't help feeling
proud in a Famous Mode.
Opening onr Easter Style Show^-Snlts, Ooats
and Dresses that delight the heanty-loving eye.
THE spirit of color and the touch of exquisite materials alike invite—reflected in the mirror—just as
they look when you wear them. The greatest pleasure
any woman ean have is to see herself dressed as she would
like to be seen by others. May we give yoa this expe-
riencct  Come early tomorrow.
FROM MAKER TO WEARER
623
HASTINGS ST. W,
Near Granville
GIVE A HAND
Before making a purchase, look
ap onr Ust of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize ons of them,
and by so doing give Tbe FederationiBt a boost.
Chita—The Chines, government
has Issued orders that th. bands
of Gen.ral Ann.nkov, who Bed
trom Somllpalatln.k, and ar* now
ln Chinese territory, an to be captured and disarmed.
/
FOR REAL
Hat Satisfaction
TRY THE BLACK and WHITE
THIS SEASON
OUE Spring showing of Soft Felts, Derbies and Caps in
a splendid line of new styles and colors will appeal to
all good dressers. ,
Black and White Hats and Oaps possess a beauty of finish and a staying quality
that cannot be equalled, at a muoh higher price,
TKT ONE FOB EASTER.
OAFS
In ail the newest styles and oolon; an immense
variety to choose from.
Specially priced—
$0.50
to J
SOFT FELTS
Correct aliapes and style, for
Spring In all the latest shades.
STL $4.00
DERBIES
A choice selection featuring
tho latest styles. * 4 AA
Priced at _  9*Xe\l\t
BLACK and WHITE
HAT SHOP     J.
Comer Abbott and Hastingi Streets
Opposite Woodward's
UNIONISTS-ATTENTION!
The B. C FEDERATIONIST
IS NOW IN A POSITION TO EXECUTE ALL KINDS OF
PRINTING
AT REASONABLE RATES
When You Need™
SUPERIOR
^—^———s—sss—i—l^mmmmmmmmm
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
LETTERHEADS
ENVELOPES
OARDS
INVOICES
STATEMENTS
CONSTITUTIONS
CATALOGUES
FOLDERS -
ANNOUNCEMENTS
INVITATIONS
PROGRAMMES
OR ANT KIND oV PRINTING-GIVE
US TOUR ORDER AND WE WILL
GIVE YOU SATISFACTION.
TELEPHONE SEYMOUR 5871
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all yout Printing
needs. No Job too latge ot
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work • Specialty,
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
BOOM 1, VICTORIA BLOOK 842 PENDER STREET WEST
Oor. Homer and Pender Streets, Vanoouver, B, 0.
■ tbtmsiwth *m_i th. ie t__ BBITISH COLUMBIA,FEDERATIONIST vamcouvto, b
PAGE THREE
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
THIS PAGE IS PAID FOR BY IHE LUMBER  OAMP AMD AGRICULTURAL WORKERS DEPARTMENT OF IHB ONE BIG UNION.   OPINIONS EXPRESSED THEREIN ARE NOT NECESSARILY ENDORSED BY THE FEDERATIONIST.
Camp Reports
KAMLOOPS BRANOH
The organiser has been to the
eutern end of the district, and
Sr.t>,took ln the camps at Golden,
from there he ls working back
along the main* line and any branch
line, where there ls any work going on ln tho bush. A partial report, covering his activities ln the
Golden camps is as follows: Receipts: Dues, 1147: fees, $14; sale
Of Btamps, |4; sale of literature,
12; total, |167. Expenses—Transportation, $18; postage and telegram, Uf total 119; remitted, $100;
en hand, $48. The wages have not
h..n deducted ln thts report! but
will be figured when this trip ls
finished, and a summary of the trip
mill be given.
It 1. clearly shown here that an
organiser was neoded on the road.
W. will soon have to hire a truck,
tor the mailing list I. growing every
day. The olllce is getting Into touch
with all parts of the district, and
th. only way this oould be brought
about w». by somebody getting ln
to these places and waking things
ep. Thing, are going to be a Uttle
glow ln some porta for a whil., beeause of tho snow going oil and
stopping tho hauling, but lf the
camps that aro working will stay
on tho job, and send ln all
th. n.ws they can, we will
havo a running start In thl.
dlstriot whon things do begin to
pick up. Keep allv., follow workers, and boost tor the L. W. I. U.
•very minute you are on the job.
Onoe we get the real spirit of solidarity, there 1. nothing ablo to stop
U from making our own condition* and living a little moro as
men should livo.
The organisers report shows poor
condition, at Golden, as follows:
Headquartera camp—This was a
nrstty nice camp when I wa. here
two ysars ago. It was nice and
clean, with single bunks, springs
. and mattresses. Now they have a
few double-decked wooden bunks
With hay ln them mixed in with
the good bunka The refuse trom
the kitohen ls thrown behind the
bunkhouse for the pig., and they
might aa well put It In front of the
kitohen for with the pig. running
loose, lt eould not be any dirtier
than It Is now.
Camp No. 4—Two bunkhouses,
with 62 men to eaoh houae. No
hath or dry-hous., and an Imitation wash house. Thero aro oracks
In the floor an Inoh wide. The
neat la hung on a pole between
two trees, with nothing over It but
the tree, and the blue sky. The
meat la as blaek as a pleoe of coal,
and all the rain and snow falls on
' It, and the bluejays, moose-birds
and squirrels feed on lt before the
men get it.
Camp No. S—Two bunk-bouses,
glxlO, with eight-foot pitch to the
roof, both built Into one building,
with waah-house ln bttween. Bunks
for BS men In eaoh room. Th. wet
olothu are hung on raoks In tbe
bunk-houses to dry the same, as It
waa 20 years ago. No springs or
mattresses, and very little hay to
sleep on. The kitchen Is ln fair
condition.
There are a few good union men
In these camps, and after the
ethers hav. gone baok to the prairie
with a little hard work, we should
ho abl« to organise these oamp.
100 per cent. Come on, fellow
workers, organise in the I. W. I.
V. and stand solid as unton men,
and demand better sanitary and
8vtng_oondltlons, and the eight-
hour working day.
(Signed)   Organiser No, 1(71.
All camp reports so far have
shown that conditions on the whole
ors bad all over the district. There
Is just one sure way to remedy thts.
That ts by organising and acting
on the job. If you believo In this
organisation, you have got to get
busy. One organiser can't do It all.
St. oan only mak. a start, and then
It Is up to the men on the job to
carry on the work, and mako the
oamp 1.0 per ent
Th. hsalth Inspector from Viotorla was hero this wuk, and I
had quits a talk with him, and
showed him a long list of oamp reports which complained- of poor
conditions. I gathered from our
talk that they are able and willing
to do a certain amount of enforcing of the Health Aot. The rest 1.
up to us. Thoro ar. clauses ln thc
act that have loopholes ln them
that mako lt Impossible for the Inspectors to enforce them. It they
cannot do so, we oan, providing we
organise and get a little more flght
Into us. If lta up to us, then let's
go, and the sooner the better. The
inspector has gone up th. North
Thompson.
Reports  trom  Camps and  from
Other Branches
Cranbrook—A meeting was held
at Cranbrook of tho exeoutlve
board. It.was moved and carried
that the membership take action to
force the employers to furnish
blankets,: abolish top bunks, and
Institute tho eight-hour working
day with a $4 minimum wage by
June 1. A referendum ballot ls
being taken on these questions,
Secretary Bidder reports things to
be a little qul.t In that oountry at
presont on account of no snow, and
It being too wet to haul on trucks.
Most of the sawmills will open
this month, and tlmea will be better by tho 1st of May.
Prince Georg. Branch — The
strlk. at Swenney's oamp ha. been
settled. Tho P. G. B. Railway Is
trying to flood the country with
men for the work that they are going to do this spring, so don't be
In a hurry to go th.r. for a job
because It only means low wagu
and long hours.
Bdmonton Branch — Things ar.
quiot here owing to the spring
bruk-up; wagu offered for farmhands, $85 to $40 a month for good
men. The miners at Brule are still
lighting. The bosses have declared
for an open shop, and are now
backing the Internationals, es well
as the O. B. U.
Kamloops Branoh — Mclntyre's
camp at Slcamoua has closed down.
The mill at -Chas. will open this
month. Fusee*, camp has closed
down booauso of no snow. Camp
6 ls working a few men on the
chupto.
Merritt—The -mill is expected to
open on the 16th. The Nicola Pine
Mills, aftor promising the olty that
there would be no Orientals used,
unless white help could not be pro
cured, have shipped ln a bunch of
Japs and' Hindoos. The business
men of Merritt must be asleep at
the switch or perhaps they think
that the Orientals will be good
spenders. When they get a town
well filled up with Orientals, then
we will make a whistling post of
Merritt, and leave lt all to them.
If It Is that class of workers they
want, we will give them lots of
them.
The North Thompson is getting
pretty well finished for the season.
A couple of weeks more will see
most of the camp closed. Members
who have just come up from the
Boundary country report that
things are quiet there, too. The
camp at Molson has closed. There
are a few men working for Jlppos
along the Kettle River. Penticton
ls quiet, but there will be quite a
lot of ditch and road work there a
Uttle later on. The Summerland
Lumber Co. has been working ten
hours a day for $4 to $4.60 a day
under rotten condltlona; double
bunks, no springs or mattresses;
no ventilation and no toilet. The
Okanagan Saw Mills are reported
to be dosing the camps at Mabel
Lake.
It Is easy to see that things are
bound to be alow at this time of
the season. Hang on to a few. dollars when you come ln, and you
will be a Uttle more Independent
when thing, open up again, as they
are certain to do ln a short time.
Remember that we carry no
blankets after May 1. Why not
say that we won't sleep In top
bunks. That Is the only way we
will ever get rid of them. Don't
wait for the other fellow when the
day comes.  ,
There are some copies of The
Brass Check, and 100 Per Cent,
by Upton Sinclair on hand. These
are books that everybody should
read. Prince 65c mailed to you.
The March number of the Industrial Pioneer fs here and will be
sent to you for 25c. Take up a
little collection In the camp and get
thebe books for the eamp to read.
Members who are on the mailing list, and- who are leaving the
camp or changing their address,
should Instruct somebody else to
get the bundles or notify me If the
camp Is closing down, and no more
papers are to be sent. They all
cost money, and we don't want to
waste them.
All ballots Bhould he marked and
sent in to this olllce or to headquarters aa soon as possible now.
W. S. KILNER,
' Secretary-treasurer,
Kamloops District.
PRINCE RUPERT DISTRICT
Since the last Dlstriot Bulletin,
there has been no more camps opened up. Preparations are being
mado to start the rafting oamp of
Whalen'. at Thurston Harbor, and
by this boat the crews axe expected to oome up: A crew Ib also expected for Sedgwick Bay.
Jamleson'. and Israel's camp at
Port Clements has stopped oporation., tho equipment having been
taken over by the owner, J. R.
Morgan, who Is running a camp at
Surf Inlet
No news has been heard from
Kelly', camp at Cum.h.wa, nor
from Thurston Harbor. While
delegates were on the job In these
camps, th. offlce waa always kept
posted on happenings, but since
those delegates left, this offlce has
not been Informed If the camps are
running or not The necessity of
maintaining tho delegate system
ha. bee* 'referred to before In this
Bulletin, and the general eonvention drew to the attention of the
membership the necessity ot all
camps maintaining delegates,' no
matter how small the oamps might
be. Good organization ls impossible ln the lumbering Industry
without them, and lf the organl-
satoln dou not funotton In this respect, It will cease to bo of value
to the membership.
Camps that eleot members should
see that there Is an alternate elected at the aame time, so that If tho
acting delegate is flred or leaves
the oamp, th.r. will be no delay In
carrying on tho work. To neglect
this detail persistently will only
rosult In the affairs of the organisation drifting Into tho hands of
the paid offlclsls hy default, and tn
procoM of timo tho m.mbwshlp
may wake up and dlscov.r that
th.y have a scrap on their hands
to regain tho pow.r ot controlling
tho activity and polloy of their organisation from entrenched officialdom.
The preient period of unemployment Is a testing time for our
scheme of organisation. If wo oan
keep tho camps organised until the
worst Is over (and the worst Is yet
to come), we will be In all the better .hape to make gains to offset
the losses wo ore forced to submit
to now.
Th.ro Is an element ln most
camps that Is willing to enjoy sll
the benefits that the organization
has aeeured for them but that hates
to pay a oent towards the maintenance of the power that has secured
the beneflt.. This Is the timo In
which, If the membership does not
tak. notion to guard their Interests, they will show themsolves In
Increasing numbers In all oamps.
When newcomers arrive, and flnd
out that there Is no trouble in staying In a oamp, and not joining up,
many of th.m will not do so. By
the time th. wont of tho unemployment period 1. ovor, the oamps
which havo not maintained tho
delegate systom will flnd that they
have a numerous element amongst
them whloh Is not ln tho union,
has no respect for the union, and
will continue to refuse to lln. up.
Then th. union hiemberohlp that
has neglected Its Interests In this
vital particular, will start raving
and cursing and denouncing the
"solsiorsbillB," when in reality they
are themselves to blame for the
condition they will have orsated by
their own neglect
The greatest "solssorsbill" Is he
who knows that hts benefits lie In
maintaining an organization, and
takes no part ln tho task of maintenance, thereby leaving himself
helpless agninst the assaults of the
employers.
Onr Official Organ
All delegates known to this offlce
have been supplied with the books
of voluntary aa.esam.nt .tamps to
raise funds for a paper of our own,
also to create an organisation fund,
60 per cent, of whloh will remain ln
the dlstriot,.the balance going ta
the L. W. I. U. headquarters and
used to liquidate the debts of the
organisation and perfect It. No
returns have been received to date.
The sooner th. money come. In,
the sooner will we have the paper
of our own. One hundred coplu
of the flrat Issue, when ready, have
been ordered for this dlstriot as a
starter.
Copies of "Labor News of Soviet
Russia," and "Marriage Laws of
Soviet Russia," can b. had at 26
cents each,, from thl. ofllce.
"The Brass Check," and "100
Per Cent." and the "Profits ot Religion," all by Upton Sinclair, will
be available shortly. Price to he
determined latOr.
THE REFERENDUM
Resolution by  Crawford's Camp,
Swansoa's Bay
"We, the undersigned, have
agreed not to pay any more monoy
Into the O. B. U. until we oan see
and understand what the remit is
ln regard to th. split;
"And   furthermore,   hear   from
other camps.    You will find tho
names votod on this Btatement"
(Sogned)       LOGAN HABIRD,
Delegate.
There are 18 men ln this camp,
and all the members of tho L. W.
I. U. signed the above—15 ln all.
FINANCIAL REPORT FOR FER,
1»21
Offloe Receipts
Duu    $82.00
Sundrlu      2.96
 $24.95
Bal. Jan. tl  $8.09
$68.04
Expenditures
Hospital smokes, eto $ 1.00
Soviet Russia,   (Jan.)  20.00
O. B. U. Bulletins -   '.60
Rent   19.60
Calendar  '6
Stamps  •    *.M
$46.26
Bal. Feb. 28 ...$16.79
$46.26
SUDBURY NEWS.
The unemployment situation is
becoming tense, and Is the question
of the day here as well as In other
parts of the country. CampB are
closing up. Some of the mines ore
following suit; for Instance, the
Murray Mine here has been closed
down, approximately 800 men being thrown out of work; and, therefore the army of the unemployed
Is growing day after day. The unemployed are getting restless bo-
cause many of them have no funds,
no place to Bleep and no food, and
lt has already occurred that somo
of them have gone Into a resuu
rant, ordered a meal, but having no
money to pay for some, were billing to be arrested, thereby getting
a place to sleep and food ot some
kind. However, they were not arrested, and local "news" hare not
mentioned about It witb even a line.
SOme are returned soldiers, and
are learning a lesson ln "democracy" through bitter experience and
hardships, but this may have an
effect in bringing the gray matter
to the top, so they will bo able to
understand what bourgeoisie definition of democracy mun., and when
they once start to think they will
soon start to aat, for an empty stomach Is kind of an uncomfortable
and untiring customer ceaselessly
making Its demands. The workers
have not forgotten the littlo story
about tho gypsy's horse; that Is,
when the horse learned to be without eating it—died; but atlll many
of them «e.m to be willing to try
It they couldn't do the some without the grave results that becamo
the lot ot the horse. Even horse-
sense should bo able to understand
that the present form of society Is
not managed for the welfare of all,
but only for the privileged few who
control ("by divine right") the
means of production and of distribution, and natural resources
which really ahould bo tho mean,
of satisfying the wants of the whole
soolety, the means to freedom and
happiness, tor It Is not the brain of
one Individual that has made lt possible for mankind to gain control
over nature, and to use nature's
forces for Its own purposes. It has
not beon tho brain of one man
that hu mado tt possible to alwaya
use more advanced method. In production OS well a. ln distribution,
because lt ls taking the co-operative activltlei of the millions of tolling masses, who, however, are always on the brink of want and misery and ln ttmu like at present,
ore compelled to go through great
hardships. The "wave" of crime ls
Increasing. Suicides are becoming
the fashion of the day. Prostitution
(mental as well oa physical) are
ever on the lncreue. Other corporal maladies are hitting the pace
and If this keeps up God knows
where It wtll end If the workers do
not wake up. Oh you mighty giant
of labor! What could you not do,
lf you would only use your brains,
and yur power for your own benefit? You have moved mountains,
changed the courso of rivers, so
why not use this same strength for
your own welfare, and for tho welfare of tho new generation so thoy
wouldn't have to he participant, tn
writing bloody pages In history for
tho sake of a democracy whloh
spells suffering to millions and
over abundant luxuries to f.w. Bofore you oan do thl., you tolling
muses—you will hav. to organise
and educate youmlves. Join ths
One Big Union and study Its literature, and when tn town don't forget to oall and have a chat. Tho
O. B. U. hall 1. at 9 Lligar Btreet
By organising Industrially wo are
keeping up tho pace with tho methods of produotlon.
Yours for solidarity,
JUKKA TOIVAR.
BDMONTON DISTRICT
Tho Bluo Diamond Coal Company at Brule ls doing everything
ln Its power to seoure soabs to
operate their mine, It Is now
spreading tho talo that tho miners
do not want tho U. H. W. ot A.,
and as lt knows that there are a Iot
of men that have been blacklisted
for refusing to be forced by tho
Blue Diamond Oompany, to bolong
to that organisation, It Is nsw In
hopes that lt oan got soms ot thu.
men to tako the plaoe of tho minor,
who aro now looked ont No msn
who la a union man, or who he-
U»vu ln tko principle et organisa
tion, wUl fair for this. The man.
agem.nt sf tho Brule mlno knows
full well that the minora did not
want ths U. M. W. of A. wh.n It
forced lt npon tho men. Th.ro wu
then a mining department of tho
O. B. il. and lt und th. sams argument then to crush that unton as lt
is using now against the United
Mine Workers. Tho workors fell
for it then, Aro th.y going to
commit the ume mistake now?
Wa hopo not Wo fought the
United Mine Worker, af ono time,
but It wu on a mattor of principle.
Some will uy that, they .cabbed on
us. Wall, let u. prov. that we
not only preach solidarity of the
workors, but we practice It, therefore throw all of your old grudge
ulde, and do all ln your power to
keep men away from Brule until
the Blue Diamond Coal Company
gives ln to the demands of the
miners tn that camp,
11>s men who votod to go baok
to work at Brule tho other day
(thoro were only 64 ot them) an
the very wm* Uk that chased tho
real union mon out of that camp
In 1919 and 1990. W* know ths
brood. Thoy aro what Is commonly known u oompany sucker., and
are always ready to voto for a
union that hu flrst boon endorssd
by tho manager of tha mlno. Thoy
remind mo of Hlllitrom'. poem
(tho SiBorblll). They alwayi will
bs utlsflad until -thoy aro dud
with coffee and with doughnut*
and a lousy old ood.
Tho returned m.n who were out
of jobs havo had their parade, and
thoy were told to go back and elect
a oommlttee who oould act for
them, but they were also told that
on this committee must be representatives of the G. W..V. A. Besides this they were told that nothing could be gained by a parade
ot thl* kind. Evidontly Mr. Stewart
dou not like to see the boys take
things in their own hands, and we
know the reason. They ore
afraid that the boys might get wise
to the "faot that direot action will
get the gooda It Is much nicer to
deal with a committee, where, under the mild Influences of a good
cigar, the aliments of the soldiers
and the workers can be cured
with talk—talk—and more of lt
Premier Stewart is reported to
recently have had a trip .over the
Alberta ft Great Waterways Railway, u well u the Dunvegan. It
1* safe to say that no legislation'
will be Introduced to better the'
oamps and bunkhouses along those
lines, nor to Improve tho health
aot of the province, so that it will
benefit the worker, who are forced'
to live ln camp, that should not
be used even to keep pig. ln. No
wonder we have smallpox and
every other known disease brought
Into the cities from the camps. Wo
Wonder how some of thue cabinet
ministers would like to work all'
winter, without tho privilege of
taking a bath or evon having a.
chance to wuh thetr clothe*,
when the work opens up on those;
roads that tho premier speak* of
this spring. Let us see to It that
dece.,1. camps are built for tho
workora to live in, and that food
1* served that Ib flt to eat It you
do not want the ume condition* to
exist during the coming summer,
as wu the case when these roads
were built, and have been--ever
since, then get busy on the job this
spring and remember that organlutlon is your only weapon of
defense against the masters and
the "Gypo" contractor.
The Alberta Labor News favored
ub with almost an entire column of
excerpts taken from our last bulletin. We are indeed glad to have
the opportunity of putting the case
of the lumber workers before the
rank and file of organized labor In
Alberta. We realize that we need
tho support of alt workers if we ore
to better the conditions of the so-
called migratory worker; we also
believe that the trade unionist or
the homeguard as he ls termed ls
beginning to realize that he cannot
maintain his standard of wages as
long as the masters are able to
draw from on army of underpaid
and underfed workers who are,
and have been tor many year.,
forced to live and work under conditions such u hardly ever prevailed in the days of the chattOl
slave. Many of the trado unionists
In this city have ln the paat worked ln the camps of Alberta, and no
one knows better than they what
conditions are like, and that organization Is the only cure. They
know that by organlutlon they
have bettered their own condition,
and raise their wages, and secured
a shorter work day, and that what
hu been accomplished ln their
case, can also be done by the lumber workers. We also know that
lumber workers on the coast .secured the eight-hour day and
oamp. whtch, when compared with
the campa of Alberta, would be like
comparing the McDonald Hotel to
the stockade erected by the Northwest Lumber Company at Wide
Water, and what tho workera ot)
the cout did un be done by the
worken In Alberta whenever they
organise to put an end to the ml«-
orable conditions that now prevails In the camps of this province.
We are ln receipt of a lettor from
Foothills, Alberta, whoro all tho
members of the local O. B. U. unit
th.r., at thalr lut muting, voted
to link up with the lumber worken. Delegato Bien.rt suds $81.00
a* a contribution to thl* branch
from the worken ln that camp.
The report 1* ln too late for thl.
bulletin to giv. ln full, as th.
dtotrict wor.tary 1* about all la
from a oold and ought to bo horns
In bad. You will have to overlook
that you aro not getting a. muoh
now. u oould be given, but w* will
mako up tor thl. noxt wook.
Be sun and get your roforondum
ballot ln to thl* offlco by tho 27th
of thl* month.
FORT FRANCIS
Organlutlon Is making good
progress duplts ths opposition of
tho employers, Improvements have
boen secur.d In quite a number of
oamps, besides successful resistance to proposed outs. Shovltn ft
Clarke Company Is strongly opposed to the union but don't objeot
to gambling and bootlegging, whloh
Is still th* barfo lnduitry In this
oountry. This outfit epemtos 18
camps, which 11* trom I to II mUu
trom th* track. Camp oondltlon.
Nttsn. Th* representative* et "tew
and etaar" who visit the oamps
occasionally, profuaodly on th*
look-out for bootlegger*, apend
met of their time enquiring It
there ere any union men ln the
oamp. Thoy mak* no attempt to
set the Health Aot enforced.
: The worker, have realized that
Only by building a atrong Induatrlal
organization will thoy be able to
improve their condition, on tho
job bere and now, and at the mme
time carry on the big work of education and organlutlon for fighting the clan war in line with the
third International. Frequently at
propaganda moating, w. hear It
said that organlutlon Is unnecu-
ury ln carrying on the clau war
and that all tho workon will havo
to do when the big wrap 1. on 1.
I* to walk out In a body. How thoy
expeot to do thl* without organisation I* ume riddle, particularly
•Ming that th* bo**e* or*
thoroughly org*nlz.d. In addition
we hav. to get some Improvements
from day to day, this oalls for organization and pro-arranged united notion, It alio enablu ns to
get hold of thoso workers who an
not clos* conscious and ahow tham
the benefit ot organlutlon; having
dono thl* w* can bettai^-.ducat.
thtm to tak. part In th* bigger
flght
Atnady w* hav* suoee.d.d In
many way*, amall In th.nM.lw_,
but w.U worth tho time and .Sort.
Bvon th. high and mighty Sh.vlln,
Clark, outfit hav* had to mak* con-
culoiu and an building wuh-
housu ln tho camp*.
In Camp 11 oondltlon* aro bad.
Board 1* medium. About 11-8
houn a day. Bou opposed to union; hu flred delegates and union
men. Camp wu shut down for a
tew day. recently:
: Camp 9. Sanitary conditions are
fair. About 9-hour working day.
Board fair. About 115 men, mostly
in union, although there are a few
active scissors who were hired to
buck the organization hut got poor
faults.
Camp 8 is the limit Filthy outfit The red-whiskered Scotch foreman chases union men out of the
camp, Nine and tan-hour day.
Board rotten. Watar uud In kitchen uud ovor and over again.
When hall gets-over-crowded thl.
camp would mako a good starting
place for an overflow. Look out
for this camp, it's sure ume joint.
, Camp 4. Avenge. Foreman only
been promoted to "buck w.av.r"
about two month.. He ls a good
tool tor the bou. Aetlv«ly oppoaed
to Union. Keep tab on him. The
{boy* have hli number,
t The reit of tho camp, or* not
too bad whon compared with those
mentioned, but are a vory long
Way'from being what they (hould
be. We are going after tho wuh-
houses and an 8-hour day.
j Llndrew's camp, at Kittle Fall*,
Is a Glppo. Bou tried to cut wages
put men were too well organized.
Board fairly good. The ahackers
pay $80 a hundred for sugar, $9.00
a bushel for potatoes, and other
things In proportion. Rate for tie
maken 26c; monthly men vary,
Lochard Lumber Co., at Rocky
Inlet, two camps, 66 men. Sanitary
conditions fairly good. Board fair.
About 8-hour day. Wages $60 to
$70. Nearly all men ln union. No
wash-house, but two women do
laundry at 10c per garment. Boss
not bad.
While the country Is faced with
quite an amount of unemployment
It Is Interesting to note that the
scaler at P. Linder's Camp Is holding down three Job.: Government
scaler, camp clerk and tie culler
for A. Shaw; the latter job he manages to do while ln his office, which
means he takea another man's
count. At the ume time he alms
to boss and speed up the $8.60 a
day men around camp to make
them earn their money. Seeing
that he gets more tn a week than
they do In a month It looks u lf
a little speeding up In another direction might be-good, especially
If be was headed for home—where
he spends his easy money.
SUDBURY DISTRICT NEWS
■The date for the conference (for
the purpose of discussing ways and
means of organizing an Industrial
union ln the lumber industry by
uniting the varloua districts in Ontario, Quebec, etc., and affiliating
with the O. B. U. a. an Industrial
union, and not as heretofore, as so
many different district units), hu
been changed to commence March
26, 1921, ln Sault Ste. Marie, Ont,
Hussey Hall, and not, as formerly
suggested by the Soo O. B, U. Unit,
FINANCIAL  STATEMENT
Sudbury Diwrict from Sept 1 ie
Dec II, 1920
Ezpendlturcs
Wages   $1190.00
Rent, light, heat and offlco
repair!      176.76
Sundry olllce lupplleB      87.50
Postage -     84.94
Literature and express     114.10
Organization  ~   490.67
Telegrams      80.14
Sudbury   Finnish   Society
re loan    800.00
District convention exp    487.86
Worker Maintenance Fund     18.60
Remitted to Montreal, ro
cards and buttons    180.00
Wagu and transportation
of members re counting
referendum ballots       84.10
Sydney R. Flowen' fund....   119.85
Sam Makl fund    118.68
H. Halkola re over-remittance on report .—.
Bemltted to headquarters..
p. B. B, meeting u
Paid In advance for Preto
Ball re convention	
O. B. U. oonvention, (Port
Arthur)
26.80
160.00
11.06
6.00
Sent to Montreal on aoot.
Receipt.
Ofllce dues .
Offlce fees  	
Sale of buttons _...._.
Sale of O, B. U. folder..—-
Sal. of defence .tamps _
Sale of literature ...
Loan from Sudbury T. S.
Society 	
Room rent „...._-.—....-—..
Makl fund .....
Sydney R. Flowen fund....
John Hill, ro d.Kgata*' expense, to district conven
Donated Into tnuury	
Refund ro O. B. U. convention (Port Arthur) .
Convontion a*s*s*m*nt..—.
M*g»tMi**aIt....|l,TII.9l
86.00
loo.oo
$4868.18
..$ 987.00
...      17.00
.     18.10
1.76
4.16
1.00
100.00
40.00
111.69
119.98
18.81
ll.fl
11.10
.60
Socialists Control
Three Mexican States
IN 8PITE of unlimited fraud,coercion and violence agalnat
them, the Socialists bave gained
absolute control of three states of
the Mexican Union — Yucatan,
Campeche and HUdalgo.
The Yucatan elections were
marked by bloody fighting, SOO
deaths and frantic appeals of the
capitalist candidates to the central
government for troops. The henequen Interests furiously and frantically resorted to every available
means to prevent the return to
power of the Socialists, hut they
failed utterly.
Dr. Hlroano Ayuso y Orlbe, the
new governor, haa been Inaugurated, and the new Socialist Legislature—every one of the 11 membera being a Soclaliit—and the Socialist supreme court are now
functioning. The flrst thing done
by the Legislature was to depose
Oovernor Alberto Ancona who, although appointed as a Radical on
the recommendation of Felipe
Carrtllo, Yucatan's Socialist leader,
turned traitor. Ancona was ousted
and Ayuso y Orlbe substituted, the
new executive being a veteran Socialist and worker.
A new rent law was enacted,
limiting rentals to • per cent, of
the assessed valuation of the property. The landlord must pay taxes
out of his 6 per eent.
The distribution of henequen fibre waa socialised and the "Comi-
slon Reguladora," In charge of the
state monopoly of henequen, the
state's only Important product, was
re-eatabllshed. Speculation of
bankers had nearly destroyed the
market for the fibre and left the
atate ln a fearful economic condition. The new administration ls
trying to sell the fibre successfully
again and thus provide. employment and Income for the citizens.
The Socialist Party of Yucatan
came Into activity In 1910 in the
Mexican revolution of that period.
Its flrat poUtlcal campaign was the
municipal one ln the city of Merlda
and lt triumphed, subsequently
electing a majority of deputies to
the State Legislature. After that
It nominated Carlos Castro Morales
then head of the Railway Union of
Yucutan, for governor of the state
and he too was victorious. More
than 60,000 workera were organlud ln the party, every one having
hla red card and the red flag flying from nearly every achool house
and publlo building in the city.
Under Carransa the national government for a time kept the Social -
late out of power by the use of soldiers under the leadership of the
notorious Zamarrlpa. With De la
Huerta's entrance * Into power all
interference In elections waa stopped and the Socialists were given
a square deal. They carried the
elections and are today firmly In
the saddle.
Attempts of the Liberal Constitutionalist Party to hold the
government machinery of the
state regardless of the election,
were promptly thwarted by order
from Secretary of State Calles,
who commanded federal troopa to
proteot the Socialist state officials.
An edict of Calles ordered sollders
to ouat the fake atate government
of the Liberal Constitution allats
from a private house ln the city of
Merlda ln which It was "functioning."
Hicn the Reds Carried Campeche
Campeche has now been captured, and most of the Legislature
of the little state are Socialists.
Sales Guerrero, governor of the
state, wired President Obregon a
few days before the election and
called for troops to protect the
state against an "invasion of Socialists from Yucatan," Obregon
did not send the troopa and the
election resulted In an almost unanimous victory for the Reds.
When Mexico City papers published wild stories about the "invasion" of Campeche by 10,000
armed Socialists from Yucatan,
Secretary of State Calles dlapoaed
of the allegations with a curt statement that the only disturbances In
Campeche came from the reactionary behavior of the outgoing governor, Ouerrero. If Guerrero had
turned over the government to the
new Socialist administration, Calles
said there would have been no disorder. Officials of Calles* department stated that 4000 Socialists
who were celebrating thetr victory
with parades and feasting, were
Jailed and manhandled, and that
soldiers would be promptly dispatched to compel Guerrero and
his satellites to atop their outrages.
A few weeks later the Socialists
carried their third state election In
the Republic.
General Amado Azuara, candidate of the Socialist Labor Party,
was elected governor of Hidalgo
north of the federal district. He
received 79 per cent, of the total
vote to 16 per cent, cast for Roberto Martinez, and 6 per cent, for
Dr. Cutberto Hidalgo, secretary of
foreign relations.
The recent municipal election In
the   City   of   Jaurez,   Chihuahua,
Less commls'n     144.60
Less exp      27.24
 12692.22
$ 171.74
Bal. on hand Aug. 81, 1920    266.81
14706.42
Summary /
Receipts $4706.42
Expenditures  4258.18
Balance on hand 9 448.24
Motet The financial statement for
Jan. 1 to Feb. 28,1921, will be published as soon the bank book has
been ohecked.   The above report la
a atatement of the finances during
the time the former secretary, E,
Guertln waa in ofllce.
Yours for Industrial freedom.
JUKKA TOIVAR,
District Seoretary.
WANTED
WIU any one knowing the whore-
abouta of the following fellow
workers: Henry Baker, Herman
Kemp, Oskar Puolakka, and John
Smith, please communicate with
Sudbury dlstriot ofllce. Address J.
Toivar, Box 1511, Sudbury, Ont.
waa carried by the "Reds." The
other ticket waa called the "Green."
While the programme of the Reds
does not seem to have been very
revolutionary, it Is to be noted that
their ticket was supported by the
Lubor unlona and the business men
were back of the other ticket, A
flght over the returns waa instituted by the Greens and the dispute
will be settled by the State Legislature.
On top of thts comes the news
that the Socialists have carried
municipal elections ln the city of
Morella, capital of the State of
Mlchoacan, and ln Indaparapeo,
one of tha principal villagos of
Mlchoacan. And this In /spite of
pistols and extensive buying of
votes by the electioneers for the
bourgeois candldatea. Indications
are that Mlchoacan will soon be fn
the handa-of the Reds, too, making
the third Mexican state controlled
by Socialists.
Mexico City has two boards of
aldermen, as the result of the deolaion of the Co-operative Party to
refuse to aubmit to the ballot-stuffing and fraudulent counting,'^
the recent municipal electoln.
The Co-operative candidates for
aldermen Insisting that they were
really eleoted, met and organized
the same aa If they had been de-
olard chosen, and sb the reactionary candidates had done the same
thing. • previously, the two city
councils are now functioning at
once.
The Co-operative board of aldermen Includes Jose, Vasconcelos,
minister of Education, who established the study of Socialism In the
National University; Eduardo Mon-
eda, secretary of the department
of Labor, and one of the organisers of the "Casa del Obrero Mun-
dlal" (House of the World's Work-
era), Mexico's .original Industrial
union; Fernando F. Franco, a
printer who published Gale's at
one time, and other men distinctly
allied with Labor groupa.
The courts have just handed
/■„...„ -, l*r.r.tn\nr, dprip'-ing the Cooperative ticket elected.
CfHigroKsmrn May Visit Russia
The Socialist block in congress,
always active, Is now endeavoring
to arrange to send a delegation to
visit Soviet Russia.
It ts expected that Felipe Car-
rlllo, president of the Socialist
Party of Yucatan, and member of
congress, will head the delegation.
Robert Haberman, correspondent
for the Federated Press, the New
York Call and the Liberator, may
also go. General Salvadore Arvar-
ado, former Socialist governor of
Yucatan and Secretary of the
Treasury under Provisional President De la Huerta, la likely to
make the trip, too.
Congress Votes $1 Daily for Magons
The Chamber of Deputlea recently voted $1 a day to the Magon
brothers, In Leavenworth prison,
Kansas, United States, for every
day they have been Incarcerated.
They are serving a term for violating the espionage act In tho United
States and are well known Mexican Radicals. The motion for the
payment was made by Socialist
Congressman Soto y Gama.
It Is worthy of note that Antonio I. Vtllarcal, secretary of Agriculture and National Development,
In charge, of restoring to the peons
land which hns been grabbed by
land sharks, was ten years ago an
organizer of Mexican Labor Unions
ln Los Angeles, Cal.
In'three montha Vlllareal has
distributed about half a million
acres of land which Is in striking
contrast with the policy of Carranza who only distributed about
100,000 acres In two years—and
most of that to generals, grafters
and favorites, not to peons and
workers.
Confiscation of Rich Estates
Since the government never
pays more than the assessed valuation of confiscated land and since
the assessed valuation Is always
below Its real valuation, thc process is not expensive to thc government. As low as 10 cents an
acre has been paid ln some cases
for fine land. Creditors of the government who under the Diaz regime borrowed money from Diaz's
agricultural bank and did not pay
It back, are losing their estates as
the penalty. Most of them were
cronies of Diaz, who neither paid
interest nor principal. The department of Agriculture calls for payments and confiscates hactondas of
those who do not Bettle up. These
tracts are divided Into small properties or used for co-operative agricultural colonies.
One of the methods used by the
department of Agriculture In taking over land from big owners Ib
to pay 26 per cent, down in cash,
and tho balanco In bonds. Tn cases
where the land Is simply lying Idle,
and no attempt haa been made to
develop It, the government does
not take the trouble to pay, but
simply confiscates It because of the
failure of the occupant to till It.
Word has Just gone forth that the
government will cancel concessions
under which 12,000,000 ocroB of
land have been held by various
corporations—most American—in
Lower California. The confiscated
land covers a strip running along
the International boundary from
Sonora almost to the Pacific coast.
It Includes several townships among
them being Mexlcall. The companies which ure hit by tho order are
Luis Holler ft Co., British; Floral,
Hale & Co., American, and the
California Land Co., also American.
The efforts of Austreberta Jur-
ado, daughter of the late Juan M.
Jurado and bollo of the famous
Jurado family, to hold the 200,000
acre ranch given to Pancho Villa,
have failed. The plantation, which
is located in Conutlllo, Durango,
was expropriated by the government as a public utility and turnod
over to Villa for a co-operative
colony for him and his retired
bandits. The supremo court refused to entertain a motion of
Srita Jurado for an Injunction
against the preaident and secretary
of agriculture, restraining them
from turning the ostato over to
Villa.   The government had agreed
FIVE MILUON
Tremendous  Growth  in
. the Three Years of
Soviet Rule
(By the Federated Press)
The growth of trade unionism in
Russia, both in numbers and
strength, is set forth ln detail ln
the current Issue of Soviet Russia,
the official organ 0f Russia In
America,
In the first half of 1917, accord*
ing to Soviet Russia, there wars
360 labor unions In Russia, wtth a
membership of 646,000. In the
flrst half of 1920, under bovlet rule
the unions had Increased to 4483,
with a membership of more thaa
6,000,000—approximately one million greater than that of the American Federation of Labrr. Theso
figures are given by cities and provinces.
The 88 unions whloh existed In
Moscow in the flrst half of 1917,
with their membership of 111.964, '
had grown to 121 unions with a
membership of -824,266 In 1920.
In Petrograd there were only 4
unions ln the flrat half of 1917, .
with 48,800 members. In. 1820, despite the tremendous falling off In'
population In Petrograd, the unions
had. Increased ln number to 183,
and ln membership to 482,296—an
Increase of lOOO per cent
These figures, say the edftort of
Soviet Russia, are their comment,- ■
ary on the Gompers declaration,
that the Russian government has
"adopted a campaign of ruthless
persecution and slaughter" of labor
unionists.
Stockholm, Sweden.—The executive committee of the Swedish
Socialist party has begun an agitation for the release of Eugene V.
Debs and "the other Imprisoned
pacifists" ln America, The committee ls urging the International
Socialist bureau to start an international campaign ln aid of this
movement.
to pay the owners the price at
which the ranch was valued for
taxation purposes and an extra 10
per cent, for increased valuation.
The court upheld this proposal as
just.
The flght of the Catholio Church
to retain possession of Its $100,000,-
000 worth of property, Including
98 buildings and grounds, three
haciendas, 25 farms, 66 mortgages
and other possessions which the
government recently attempted to
confiscate, ls still pending In the
Mexican supreme court
Governor Ignacio C. Enrique* of
the State of Chihuahua Is going
after the land question vigorously
In his ballwiok, and he proposes to
slice up every big ranch ln the
state and put an end to the process
of earth hoarding which has been
the curse of that rich domain for so
many years. Chihuahua contains
more than 200 haciendas ranging
from 16,000 acres to 2,000,000 acres
In size. Over 50 of them consist
of 76,000 acres more or less. These
mammoth haciendas will soon be
occupied by numerous families,
each having a little tract, If the
governor has his way.
Chief of Police Ia Socialist
R. D. Ramfrez, chief of police
in Mexico, Is a Socialist and author
of several Socialist books In Spanish. One of his flrst official acts
waa to name ten women policemen
to servo lu plain clothes and to assign them to tho special tasks of
organizing women into unions. He
alao co-operated with the taxi drivers In organizing a union, and this
union ts now used to considerable
extent in stamping out taxicab banditry.
A "houae of workers and policemen" with school, lecture hall,
amusements, baths, etc., and owned Jointly by workers and policemen, was established by order of
De la Huerta Just before he left office. He also ordered the pay of
policeman to bc raised from 8 to
5 pesos daily. Since school teachers, bookkeepers, clerks, etc., rarely get moro than 4 pesos a day, he
expressed the hope that an Intelligent element would join the police
force. This was thc second raise
of pay of policemen in two months,
the first being initiated by Governor Celeatino Gnaca of the federal
diatrict, who increased it from 2 tp
3 pesos and provided for uniforms
and shoes being furnished free, instead of the police force being obliged to buy their own clothing.
Governor Gasca among his numerous other projects, fs establishing a school asylum on the ranch
of Chaplugo for the beggars of
Mexico City and vicinity. These
unfortunates will bo educated, fed,
clothed and sheltered at the expense of the government and those
who nre able to work will be compelled to do so. An effort will be
made to transform them Into useful and Intelligent citizens.
In the month of February the
Mexico City Council will found 20
schools for workers in the capital
city, according to an announcement
Just made.
History Being Made in Mexico
Concluding, I can only repeat
what I said last month, namely,
that I am giving a recital of events
in Mexico and that this recital by
no means Involves endorsement ot
everything that Is being done.
Voting $1 to the Magnon brothers In an American prison is not
Communism, nor is tho election of
Socialist tickets ln three states, nor
yet is tho establishment of workers' schools by the government.
Yet theso things when viewed In
connection with thc rapidly Increasing revolutionary spirit of the Mexican wago slaves, the succession of
strikes, tbo Bolshevism in the army
and the other interrelated developments, are worthy of serious mention and consideration.
History is being mado ln Mexico
—history of vast moment to the
proletariat everywhere.
The moving finger writes. And
lta message is—
Soviet Mexico is near.—From
Gale's Magazine. tAGE POUR
iTHInTEHNTH THAR.   tte. 10
THE'BRITISH COLUMBIA" PEMIRSPIOSSST vwotrym
»a-
vmbaV..,....,-
THE B. G. FEDERATI0N1S
Published evety Friday morning by The B, 0.
Feds.atio.iat, Limited
A. B. WELLS..
..Manager
Office:   Boom 1, Victoria Block, 842 Pender
Street West
Telephone Seymour  .871
Bub-oribtion Kates: United States and Foreign,
$3.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per year, $1.60
for Bix months; to Unions subscribing In a,
body. 18c per member per month.
Unity ef Labor: The Hope ot the World
..March 18, 1921
HISTOEY is replete with instances ^f
the ferocity of ruling^lasses whenever their power has been threatened by
the slaves over which they ruled, Prom
the days of the Eoman Empire, to the
present day, there are
HISTORY AND numerous examples of
RULING CLASS just how muoh credit
TAOTIOS the.   ruling    power*
placo in constitutional
or moral force, when it is a question of
losing power over the slaves on which
their wealth and power is based. When
Spartacus and his fellow slaves revolted
against the power of the Roman dominant class, the ruling class of that day did
not rely on any moral suasion, but, as the
slaughter of the Appian Way indicated,
preferred to rely on force and repression.
Spartacus himself was killed in the final
battle, and the rest of the defeated
slaves were either crucified or eut down
.without mercy, and the patricians gloated
over their butchery. Such, even in the
days before Christ, was the outlook and
concept of ruling which tho dominant
elass held.
* *        *
March the 18th, 1871, saw the revolt
of the Parisian proletariat, which finally
ended in thousands'Df men, women and
children being slain and many others deported to New Caledonia.   Denied  for
' many years the right to politieal activity,
and while the enemy in the shape of the
German forces were without the gates of
Paris, the workers established the Commune.   Stories of the alleged atrocities
of the workers were circulated by the
bourgeoisie, as ia usual in all occasions
when the slaves revolt against the tyrannies of their masters, bnt hiBtory proves
that with the exception of a very few instances of individual activities, tile workers' government of Paris was established
without disturbance and little bloodshed.
.True only to its class interests, the bourgeoisie, with the aid of the enemy without
the gates, regained power, but at what a
cost.   Twenty-five thousand men, women
and children were slaughtered during the
battle on the streets, or after. Thousands
died in the prisons, .and thousands were
deported.  Such was the sacrifice the Parisian  workers  paid  for  their  heroic
though futile effort to   throw   off   the
shackles of their mien.   This slaughter,
however, did not appease the wrath of
the bourgeoisie, for twenty-five years the
persecution of the workers wu carried
on, and, as Lissagaray has said:
"■What a lesson of revolutionary
vigor given to the working menl The
governing classes shoot in the lump
without taking the trouble to select
the hostages.   Their vengeance lasts
not an hour; neither years nor victims appease it; they make of it an
administrative function,  methodical
and continuous."
* *        *
■While the French were still besieged by
the Oerman forces, the class nature of the
ruling power was very distinctly brought
ont by the alliance of the French bourgeoisie with the foreign invader, to resist tlie proletarian movement whicb
threatened the rule of the French propertied class, and once again proved,
without question of doubt, that
when olass interests are threatened, the
ruling classes of different countries
are qnit» willing to drop their differences and fight the force that would appear to challenge their power to rule and
rob. Karl Marx, on May 30, two days
after the last remnants of tho Commune
had been destroyed, speaking to the Oeneral Cornell of the Working Men's International Association, of the part played
by the Prussians, said:
"That after the most tremendous
war of modern times, thc conquering
and the conquered hosts should fraternize for the common massacre of
the proletariat—this unparalleled
event does indicate, not, as Bismarck
thinks, the final repression of a new
society upheaving, but the crumbling
into dust of bourgeois society. The
highest heroic effort of which the old
society is still capable is national
war; and this is now proved to be a
mere governmental humbug, intended
to defer the struggle of the classes,
and to be thrown aside as soon as
that elass struggle bursts in civil
war. Class rule is no longer able to
disguise itself in a national uniform;
the national governments are one as
as against the proletariat!"
* » *
While the Parisian workers may not
have had the amount of knowledge that
they niight have had, yet they were not
without some understanding of the Socialistic philosophy. They were, however, forced by the conditions that prevailed to make some effort to freo themselves from the yoke of their oppressors,
Today, however, the revolt of the workers
is not confined to any city, nor to any
country or continent; it is world wide;
and many a lesson can be drawn from
the experience of the French workers in
those days half a century ago. But many
events that are not so far distant, should
also be of great value to the world's
workers. It is not necessary to turn back
thc pages of history to those days of the
Spurtacans to realize ju_t what a ruling
class will do when Is power is threatened.
There are numerous instances of master
class atrocities much closer home than
even the French bourgeoisie butcheries in
the early seventies.
* * »
Class Interests always dominate the
rulers of any period. It matters not
whether their power or their profits are
assailed. The Belgian atrocities in the
Congo demonstrate to what extent the
profit-hungry class will go to in order to
secure their measure of spoils wrung from
the workers of all nationalities, races and
creeds. Later we find that when the
power of the present rulers is threatened
in any country, that all sections of the
ruling class combine to resist the power
that would appear to be a danger to their
rule and domination. One only need to
refer to the Finnish White terror, when
60,000 of the proletariat were slaughtered; to Horthy's reign of butchery and
torture in Hungary, and to the inhuman
blockade of Soviet Russia by the Allies,
which has been the cause of the death
of thousands and thousands of the Russian people, not to mention the counterrevolutionary forces that have been supported by the French, British and other
capitalistic classes in the attempt to overthrow the Russian workers' regime. Countries that have not yet reached the revolutionary stage have also their ruling
class atrocities. Only this week we have
seen that Dublin was silent, while those
who sought freedom from the domination
of a class that has, both in India and Ireland, enslaved the people, were hung. The'
Amritsar massacre in India, and the
operations of the Black and Tans in Ireland, all denote the tendencies of a panic-
stricken master class, while American red
raids a la Palmer, and the gaoling and
deportation of thousands of reds, indicate to what length the powers that be
will go to, in order to retain their power.
* * »
Even Canada has not been without Its
eruptions and its manifestations of the
class struggle that is going on. Winnipeg
during the 1919 strike was mute witness
to the fact that the the rulers of this
country would be no less arbitrary and
repressive in the event of rebellious
slaves challenging the authority of the
ruling class. But all their struggles will
avail the world's bourgeoisie nothing, for
the forces of progress cannot bc stemmed.
They must ever move forward, and the J
Socialist movement, which was unknown
in the days of Spartacus, and but of small
moment in the days of the Paris Commune, is now the greatest force in the
world, for it is founded on the history
of the human race, which since the days
when the first shackle was placed on a
slave, has been struggling to secure economic freedom and emancipation. That
day is now well within sight, and those
forces that try to repress the ever-growing tide of protest from the proletariat
against their slavery, might well consider
the words of Marx with respect to the
ruling class in those days following the
slaughter of the French workers, when he
said:
"forking men's Paris, with its
Commune, will be for ever celebrated
as the glorious harbinger of a new society. Its martyrs sre enshrined in
the great heart of the working class.
Its exterminators, history has already
nailed to that eternal pillory from'
which all the prayers of their priest
will not avail to redeem them."
» * *
What can be said of the present dominant class. Is it one whit better than the
one that was so ably condemned by
Marx! Will its history not point it out for
all time at the most merciless and diabolical that the world has ever known,
and Russia, mighty Russia, with its martyrs and its heroic proletariat, does she
not stand today as a flaming torch lighting the way of the workers of the world
to that aim tof all human endeavor, liberty, freedom and the right to live? May
the lessons of the past be a guide to the
workers in tho future, and the experiences
of our French and Russian comrades be
of such value to the working-class movement that the new era may be ushered in
by knowledge and an enlightened proletariat. For the prayers of priests,, the
use of force, or the lying of the capitalistic press, or all combined, cannot stave
off the day of the workers' emancipation,
but that day can be made easier by the
workers if they have the knowledge that
will enable them to direct the forces thnf,
are at work in society, and which are all
working to bring about a new order of
society in which only the forces of nature
will come under the domination of man.
LIBERALISM has been held up to thc
workers as the only simon pure
brand of politics. Time without end the
Liberal party has posed ss the friend "of
labor—at election times—during the late
provincial election. The
T.TWWAT.* supporters of the pres-
AHD THWtB ent government were
PROMISES ' " Tend fij fKeir proclamations as to what>
they" would do lor the workers if
only the Oliver administration were
returned to power; in fact some of
them were so misguided as to pen their
intentions with respect to amendments to
the Workmen's Compensation Act; but
to date, and in face of the fact that the
government has announced its intention
to bring the present session to a close by
Easter, no amendments have been introduced to this act. We suppose that the
letters promising support to the amendments demanded by the workers are only
scraps of paper.
* » »
Under the act as it stands at present
the worker who is injured in industry is
supposed to receive 55 per cent, of the
average earnings while incapacitated.
While the act specifics this amount it does
not take much figuring to find that the
workers only receive 46 per cent, of their
average earnings, due to the fact that the
average period of incapacity amounts to
30.3 days, and as they are not compensated for the first three days they really
only receive the 46 per cent.' of their:|
average earnings. The workers are asking for 76 per cent, of the average earnings, but unless those members of'the
legislature who have promised to support
the amendments to the act which have
been asked for, the injured workmen will
have to grub along on 46 per cent, of
$22.16, which is the average earnings of
the workers in this province, and whichi
makes the pittance doled out but little
better than the rock pile dole that is now
being given to the unemployed.
Another question that has been proiaj
ised attention by the government and
members of the house is the question of
company towns. Socialists are criticized
for calling workers slaves, but in this
province, ot which so much is said about
its prosperity, there are numerous slave
encampments which preclude the workers
having any say in the affairs of life, and
which even prevent them from buying
their hay and oats where and how they
desire. One has only to understand jutt
how the workers fare in such places as
Ocean Falls, Anyox, Cassidy Siding,
Swanson Bay, and many other of these
company towns, to realize just how far
this slave-town system has spread in
British Columbia. So far as we have seen,
however, Sam Guthrie is the only-member of the House who has raised his voice
in protest against the extension of this
relic of the feudal Bystem in this province.
« « «
If the workers of this particular neck
of the woods have any hope of anythhlg
that will relieve their misery under the.
present system by the aid of Liberalism
or any other political nostrum, a good
dose of Liberalism as delivered by the
present administration should cure them.
Slaves they are even when living in those
plaees that are not directly controlled
by the companies carrying on industry
for proflt, but that slavery is only intensified in the slave encampments that are
so prominent in B. C. While the present
system lasts the workers must try and
get'all that is possible out of life; and
while workmen's compensation acts will
never remove slavery, and the abolition
of company towns will not free the wage
workers, yet only the supines, of sl$yes';
will kiss the hand that strikes themf be.
it Liberal or Tory.
publicffrg
Hardly any employing class gatherings
are held without a discussion on Bolshevism being started. The Rotarians
have been holding a session in Seattle
during the past week and of course the
Soviet system was discussed. The remedy
for Bolshevism advanced by one gentleman was "education." He suggested
that a start might be made on the school
children. From the beginning of publie
school education, it has been the purpofe
of the ruling class to get control of the
minds of the children, but if the knowledge of Bolshevism displayed by the
educationists, both of the public schools
and the universities, is no greater than
that exhibited in the history disseminated
to the children in the public schools, we
can only conclude that the minds of the
risiflg generation will be overburdened
by a further addition of piffle, lies and
hypocrisy. Judging from the patriotic
humbug and glorification of the most immoral rulers who have cumbered the
pages of so-called British history, which
most of our demagogues indulge in, we
would suggest that those who are to educate the children should first see to it
that they are fitted to teach. Parroting
ruling class historians is not, however,
educational. All history which is taught
in the schools is calculated to conceal the
class nature of society and so prepare the
child's mind for its future environment
under capitalism, which must be wage
slavery.
Well 'Well' our own dear Harry, not
Harry of the smiling face, but Harry
Stevens, has come to the rescue. He wishes
to offset the forces that are causing unrest, which he claims are a bunch of international spirits deliberately directing
the world's unrest. Harry evidently has
not yet realized that unrest comes out of
conditions and not men's mouths. However, he must have been reading of "our
navy" as he calls on the citizens to anchor themselves to those things that have
for a thousand years enslaved the working class. It is rotten anchorage, Harry,
and will not hold, so try again; you may
yet achieve the impossible, but for heaven's sake look out for a "gale."
The United States is sending its fleet
to the Pacific. Of course the usual disclaimers about any intimidation have
been given out, but we wonder how seriously these apologies will be looked upon
by the Japs. ■'-''
Great Britain is now trading with Soviet Russia. The devil acquiring a taste for
holy water would be nothing compared
with the grimaces that the British statesmen must have made before swallowing
this dose.
The Bishop of Birmingham iB alarmed
at the spread of Communism. Perhaps the
bishop can eliminate the conditions that
are responsible for this phenomena; if he
cun, his masters will reward him suitably.
Sir George Foster is afraid that the
British Empire is threatened Poor Sir
George, if he but knew it all, empires that
are built on slave labor are not only
threatened but due for extinction.
Now that the Bolsheviki have "agreed"
to cease their propaganda in the British
Empire the madc-at-home variety will
have its opportunity.
They are still talking beer at Victoria,
while soeietly is tottering. •
..arch n, mt
What the Workers
Do Not Understand
(By Oraham May)
THB AVERAGE! working man
obviously does not undentand
two vital faotorf of tha syatem
of society prevailing today. His
conversation proclaims this; bi** replies, In debating on economlo and
political matters, prove this beyond dispute. Admantlne facts
daily stare him In the face, yet he
does not perceive them. '
The two all-important realities
he Is unaware of are: (1) The slave
condition of the working class the
world over, and (2) the way the
wagea system roba them of the
greater part of the wealth they
produce.
Let us deal with things as we
flnd them. We will consider the
flrst of the above statements.
The working class constitute the
vast majority of the community.
They must work to provide themselves and their dependent* with
the means necessary to sustain life,
The only alternatives are existing
on charity, stealing or starving.
They are propertyiess—they own
no land nor any means by which
wealth can be made by the application of their socially-useful labor power. Th» only thing they
do own is their labor-power—the
ability, strength and faculties to
work. That labor power has a
value, for lt has the magic quality
of producing wealth when usefully
exercised.
The capitalist class, owning all
the natural sources of wealth and
the means and instruments for its
production, are thus intensely powerful through that ownership, and
through their appropriation of the
wealth as It is daily produced by
those who toll for them.
The capitalists are an idle class.
The workers labor-power they
males use of for themselves, and
appropriate the fruits of labor for
one purpose only—their own enrichment. Thus the sole function
of the workers under ths present
system Is to produce proflt for the
capitalist class.
From the time when they "go
out to work" till the time when
they can no longer toil they must
continue to function as mere producers of capitalist wealth. They
may change masters; they may
suffer want and misery through enforced unemployment and consequent poverty; but they will always
have to sell their labor-power
(whenever and wherever they can)
to a capitalist in order to exist at
nil. It ls impossible, in practically every case, to get away from
that dire necessity. It Is impossible to avoid their dependence on
being employed by some member
of the capitalist class. The latter
own the very means of life;
they control the conditions of getting a livelihood; the whole economic and political power exerted by
them secures their position and
riialntains their privileged status.
As a class they completely control
the lives of the Indispensable work-
class the world over. Thus
working class will and desires are
completely subjected to capitalist
class will, interest and dominance.
What else is thts but the slavery
of the workers?
You have today, on one hand, j
aristocratic and plutocratic dominance and privilege, combined with
Idleness and exploitation, class rule
and social inequality. On the other
hand you have a huge class of toilets who are propertyiess and exploited wago slaves who produce
the wealth of the world, and yet
are robbed of .the greater part of
it in order that their masters may
realize a proflt out of It.
Now, secondly, it Io observable
that the average worker does not
seo how he, or his class, are robbed by capitalist exploitation
through the wages system.
"Robbed! How robbed? he will
say when told of the fact. "I get
my wages. 1 suppose the employer
Is entitled to make his bit out of
It!   How am I robbed?"
Possibly he recalls many kinds
of robbery. Brigandage, piracy,
burglary and Sick Turpinlsm suggest themselves to him. There is
no parallel that can be cited he
thinks to prove the contention.
Well, let us consider wealth-production from its very basis.
A worker tries for a job nt a
firm. He Is willing to sell his labor
power—his skill and strength—to
be used In the production of wealth
by applying it to nature-given material. The employer agrees to purchase that labor power for a given
period under specified conditions,
and for a stipulated sum—termed
"wages."
Ascertained facts prove that, on
the average, the worker Is paid no
more for his services "than is barely sufflclent to reproduce his lnbor
power dally.
This labor power has cost certain necessaries to produce in the
flrHt Instance. It has beon develop-
fd; it must bo sustained In a given
degree of efficiency.    But, In spite
of this, the human machine will
and doe* wear out, just u the one
of iron and steel does, and when
no longer useful tt will have to be
replaced.
So not only is an amount of necessaries required to maintain him,
hut an added amount Is Imperative
to bring up ohildren to servo In his
stead as wage workers, and who,
ln their turn, will perpetuate tho
supply of labor power,
Labor power ls really a commodity—bought and sold ln the labor
market like margarine, and with
as little sentiment.
The value of every commodity is
determined by the average quantity of Labor required under the
general conditions prevailing at
any given time to produce it. Thus
the value, In the form of wages,
that Is paid to the worker for his
labor-power, represents the value
of the necessaries needed for Its reproduction, and therefore Uytfeter-
mlned by the amount of labor required for that purpose.
Being engaged to work for a
stipulated wage the worker has also
to labor for an agreed number of
hours per day or per week, and
under certain other restrictions.
He thus sells his labor power for
the whole of that time. In faot,
the employer has bought lt all for
that period.
All the wealth the worker produces ln that time ls appropriated
by the employer, and every means
is used to extract the utmost value
from the worker In the period during whloh he has sold his labor-
power.
When the capitalist buys the
worker's labor power he buys it
for one special purpose—to get out
of the toller a greater total value
than ts represented by the worker's
wages, lf the worker did not produce this surplus value, the capitalist would make nothing by employing him, and would therefore
have no inducement to do so.
This value produced by the worker ln excess of that contained ln
his wages, this surplus value as we
call lt, Is value for which the capitalist pays nothing whatever.
The worker thinks he has been
paid for his labor. He has not;
he has only been repaid the value
of his labor-power. He has been
paid what his labor-power cost to
produce; but the value which that
labor-power produces —a far
greater quantity—belongs to the
capitalist. This Increase, this surplus value, whioh the exploiter
pays nothing for, represents the
robbery of the worker,
Thua the robbery of the worker
Is veiled by the wages system. The
paid and unpaid portions of the
labor are Indistinguishable, and
the worker appears to have been
paid for the whole.
This process of exchange between capitalists nnd laborers, resulting in a systematic robbery of
tho working class, simply continues
to keep the workers a wage-slave
class in chronic state of poverty,
and tends just as surely to enrich
the idle capitalists, who exploit
them.
We have seen from the flrst portion of the article that the working
class are enslaved under capitalism; wa see that labor alone of
human factors produces social
wealth, but that the greater part
of the fruits of the workers' labor
ls stolen from them.
The only hope of the tollers, the
only remedy for all the disastrous
results of the slavery of their class,
lies In Socialism. While the pernicious capitalist system continues,
their poverty and misery also will
continue.
When the workers understand
the real operations and effects of
the wages system, and their own
class alavery, they will see that no
reforms or palliatives can affect
thetr emancipation.
When they understand Marxian
economics and Socialism, they will
realise that only by their own class-
conscious efforts will they freo
themselves and establish a new
and sane social system.
Educated in these things, and organized on the industrial and political fields, they will seize political
power and wield It and its forces
for the paramount purpose—the
establishment of the Socialist Commonwealth.
FED. DANOE
Don't forget the FVderattontot
Dance on Friday, March 25, in the
Fender Hall, Fender Street West.
Gents, 50c; ladles, 86c, Tickets at
Fed, office or any member of the
Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. V,
Cassel, Germany.—Five of the
seven Communists en trial here
were found guilty of forming a
military organisation and endeavoring to provoke insubordination
on' the part of members of the
army and of the state police foroe.
Light sentences were Imposed. Two
defendants were found not guilty.
We are selling all
our goods at the reduced prices
Stanfielda hare sent ont a
new prioe list whioh is now
on display. Our prices sre
all marked down to meet it.
Headlight 'O t e r a 11 s are
down 75e a pair.
Our gloves run trom, per
pair  .__.._  6.0
Special line of Union Label
Grey Work Shirts. High
or regular collar $1.75
Men's Blue Chambray
Shirts at   $1.00
Camp Blankets tram, pot
pair ...: .!_..„.$4.00
Khaki Pants, double knee
and double seat	
Sboe Dept.
We oarry a yery large stock
of flne boots and working
boots.
Our vary Epeeial line of new
calf summer boots in
black -and brown $7.60
Working Shoes, from, per
pair  $6.00
W. B. BRUMMITT
18 and 20 Cordova St
444 Main St
Genuine
FRENCH IVORY
frota Paris
This la French Ivory of tha
better clwsts — imported
from Paris.
Whether you ore a judge
or not you can tell at a
glance that onr Parisian
Ivory ls much suporlor to
the so-called French Ivqry
aeon elsewhere.
Also a choice line ol Real
Ebony Toilet Seta.
We have a distinct depart*
ment of theae worthy
wares which contains
practically everything you
need.
Mirrors, Hair Brushes,
Powder Jars, Hair Receivers, Photo Frames, Glove
and Handkerchief Boies,
Hairpin Boxes, Jewel
Boxes, etc.
OMQMm
The House of Diamonds
480-498   GranvUle   Street
At Corner Fender
NEW WESTMINSTER
00-OP. OFFICERS
WiU "Carry On" Voder the Direction and Control of Its Own
Local Membenhlp
New Westminster co-operative
membera met last Monday nliht
for the purpose of ra-organiztaf
and electing officers. It was decided the name be the New Westminster and Dlatrlct Co-operative Society, and while the local store at
89 Eighth street will, in the future,
manage Its own business, tlie cooperative spirit will still prevail
between the community stores in
Vancouver, and co-operative buying
will be taken up later.
The following were elected as officers: President, Mr. D. McDonald;
vice-president, Mr. T. Smith; sec-
treas.^Mr. F. Brown; organisation,
Mr. W. Bowcott; educational, Mrs.
T. A. Barnard; auditor, Mr. W.
Adams; social, Mrs. II. Edwards.
These will act as convenors of
committees and will contltute the
board of managers.
' GET IN THE FIGHT
When there is a flght on the man
who gets ln and digs is the one that
we like. Get in nm* and dig, by
patronizing Tlie Federationist advertisers. A
EMPRESS
Phon. S*ynou ItM
NEXT WEEK
"The Daughter of
Mother Machree"
Featuring
EDYT1IE ELLIOTT
PANTAGES
■MVHk
BAND    of ths
HOUSE   OF   DAVID
Otltn Bi< rmttru
Labor and Socialist
literature
P.   AIX  LANGUAGES
oaa ba obtained at
The International
BookShop
Oor. Hustings and polunibla
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record carried
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
HENRI- DAHL, Prop.
tOli time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Can
AU Abbott St.     Vancouver
Phone Ser- MIJ-MM
ORPHEUM
THEATREHl
THS HOME 07 OOOD
VAunsvau
Matinee .
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FURNITURE, STOVES,
BEDS, Ete., at coat. Our atock
la Big .and so ara 'our Bar*
(aim. Watch our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought ant
Sold.
Love & Co.
AUCTIONE WIS— DEALERS
Pbone Seymour S74»
510  SEJTMOUR  STRUCT1
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour wben sympathy and beat aervice count ao
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
ISS IUNGSWAY, VANCOUVER
Pbone Falnnont U
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phone Sey. Ml      Day or Night
NTJHH AHD THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
SSI Homer St. Vancouver, B. C
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Prlcea
Fair view: Office and Chapel,
2388 Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 8300.
North Vanoouver: Office aad
Chapel, lit Sixth St. W,
Phone N. V. 114.
Meant Pleasant:   Offlee aal
Chapal, till Mala tt.
Pbone Fairmont tl.    .
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
MM r
flmiey anvlcoa, 11 tm. ant 7.lj> pje.
Bndar eitteei tmaodlatoly talinHaf
noraiar sorrkM. gataeatsy mnmeh*
me.tl-r,   i  p_B.   tn.   mUm  tarn.
0. HOLDEN OIOAR STAND
It Hutinga m.:_.
o. a. v. oats
PatroiUo flan Wka Mnriae THI
CONSULT NEW TELE-
PHONE DIRECTORY
DoufUl kas t>M. aubitltnttt
for R-V In th* a*w t*l*phoa* «1>
reeta, wkick will to Iat. uu *a
IWbraaiy IT. Imral .win)
ntuuberi hav. also boon obaagol
from RT to Soymoar and from
eepaoar to Doo|_u.
It la ImporKIro tkat yea sea-
nit tho now directory ao that yea
got th* right numbor whoa aak>
itt| a tolephono Mil.
British Columbia Telephone
Oompany
Ring np Phone Seymoar ISM
far appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit. Ml Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, *. 0.
a«g?KahQofcflM
■THE   ONL?   «._..<. If   HADE
OLOVE IN B. C.
Wholesale—Retail
Best Quality—Right Pricei
VANCOUVER GLOVE OOk
MS Carrall Street,
 Sey. 1150	
bb mnn tott an
VAN BROS.
WHUT TOU ASS r<»
-CIDER-
IDA Non-alcoholic wlaea of ID
Hat!
UNION   WIN'S   ATTENTION *l____________^__ IW1
COAL
SAVE MONET by wing
Smaller Grades of
, Ooal
Stove $12.50 Ton
The demand for thla coal Is
proof of the quality.
Thla la the best HOUSEHOLD
COAL in .Vancouver, bar
NONE.
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson
420 OAMBIE ST.
Phone Sey. 4044-6
DICTAPHONE USED ON
DETROIT ELECTRICIANS
Enemies of Organized Labor Use
Machine to Discover th.
Actions ot Worker.
The unscrupulous tactics being
employed by the enemlea of labor,
In their campaign to establish the
American plan, are emphasized by
the recent discovery of a dictaphone which hat been placed In
one of the rooms of the Electrical
Workers Temple ln Detroit
Eleotrleal workers upon coming
Into the room discovered that the
rooms ahd been entered and doors
and deaka had been jimmied, along
with the disappearance of $75 tn
cosh, ant scented something besides robbery, they soon found the
dictaphone. Upon following up the
trail one Rodman was found with
the "bug" attached to hla ear, taking notes of what waa going on ln
the Electrical Workera rooms.
Three other men were found to
be involved ln tbe spy system.
They were Roll Newman, Louis
Posner and Howard Blusser. Newman and Rodman are employeea
of the Turner Engineering Company and Blusser ls an operative in
the employ of the Metropolitan
Detective Agency.
A POINT TO REMEMBER
Soma merchant, tn town do not
think yonr ctsrtom Is much use to
tbem, or they would advertise their
wares In The Federatlonist to securo yoar trade. Remember this
wben yoa an about to make a purchase.
Ireland Is ... an agricultural district of England, marked
ott by a wide channel from the
oountry to which it yields corn,
wool, cattle, Industrial and military
I recruits.—Karl Marx.
Drugless
Healing
W. J. DOWNIE
SANIPRAOTIO
PHYSICIAN
Muter of Practical
Drug less Healing
DOWNIE
Sanitarium
LIMITED
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bank—Corner of Hastings
and Richards
Phones:    Seymour MS;
Highland UStL
No Knife or Poison Used ln
Our Treatment—It Is
ABSOLUTELY
PAINLESS
We have again to enlarge
our premises as we have installed two mon machines,
lliese are the flrst ot tbeir
kind tn Canada.
THE ELEOTRO-VIBRWO-
MAS8EUR
Is simply marvellous—vibrates, stimulates and massages every part of the body,
tones the muscles, reduces
fat and Invigorates the entire
syBtem ln the most pleasing
manner.
THE HIESLAND TRACTION
COUCH
has such a relaxing and
soothing effect patients go to
sleep on lt. Make Vn appointment and investigate for
yourself.
Wo have the best equipped
sanitarium and the only one
of Its kind on the Padflc
Coast, using overy method
for tlio elimination of
diseases by
Drugless Methods
OF STONE AGE
Curry Lectures in Federated Labor Party
HaU
The stone age, according to the
records of the rocks, lasted nearly
half a million yeara and it required the great al- part of that era.
Man knew enough to polish his
flint weapons. We think sometimes
we are moving slowly, and yet ln
our conquest of natural foroes and
our understanding of ourselves and
the world in which we live tho last
century has seen more progress
thai; all the proceeding ages.
Last Monday some very interesting Illustrations were thrown on the
screen.
Then was flrst seen a beetle
which had been caught ln the soft
sediment of the eanbonlferous age
same four or flve'milllon yeara ago.
The speaker atated that th. sal'
ence ot biology and evolution rested on reason and on the changeless
Ustimony of the rooks.
The theological theory of orea-
tlon rested on th. myth, ot eavag.
.ry, and the dreams of tb. childhood of our race, on blind faith ia
authority and priestcraft
W. then aaw some photos of the
gorilla ant gibbon, ant either ot
these apea compared mor. favorably with the pioture of "Julia Pastrana" the hairy ape girl monstrosity, the child of human parents, but repreeentlng an extreme
"reversion of type," ant In appearance mon beaatlal tban the average ape. *
Missing Linka
Whan Charles Darwin published
his famous descent of man, he admitted there were many gaps or
missing links essential to prove the
continuity ot life upward to man
and many of his theological opponents cited this fact as proof that
man was not a "modified monkey"
and that it would require Ood to
create mankind.
Last Monday Dr. Curry described some of these links and compromises between the ape and man.
In 1891 Dri Eugene Dubois dil-
covered on th. island of Java, a
skull and bones representing an
ape-like man or a man-like ape,
which experts bave deolared to be
in brain development half way between the gibbon and tha Australian savage.
This specimen Dubois termed
Pithcanthropus or monkey , man.
This creatun was about Ave feet'
tall, walked erect and probably
used a club to defend himself, and
was covered with long hair, the
only clothing of that day.
In 1855 another link was found
but no one doubted this to bo a
man of the old stone age. This
skull was discovered ln Neandeu
Valley ln Rhlneland, Germany. This
skull was so unusual that Its peculiarity waa declared to be the
result of disease or accident. Over
each eye sooket was seen a large
bump, made mon prominent by the
low and nceeding forehead and
the great pntudlng teeth. Thy type'
was extremely brutal, ant ape-like.
But this was no result of disease,
for later other skulls of the same
types were found in the same strata
and in 1878 a whoie group of these
skeletons wen exhumed, whloh had
been the victims of a cannibal
feast This nee was contemporary with the Mammoth and great
cave bear.
Those skulls represented a brain
capacity midway between the Java
man and tha lower savage, fnoo
then other relics ot these ancioi,
ancestors have been found, thus defeating tha theological bats and
owls who fear the light of biological
research because lt would .destroy
their economic basis.
The evolution of man ls no longer a theory, lt ia a fact established
as well aa the law of gravitation
or of chemical affinity.
A slide ot epeeial lntereat was
one showing an embryo of a gibbon.
The adult gibbon has enormously
long arma and physically la mora
unlike man than either the gorilla,
orang-outang or chimpanzee, but
the prenatal gibbon of a certain
age la extremely child-like in feature ant proportion.
The Blogentlc Law
Now this points to our blogentlc
law, which means that tha Individual ln lta physical and mental development passes In a general way
through the same phases of life as
tha race has gone through ln its
struggle upward from the flrst call
or ovium.
Applied to the gibbon this shows
that the long arms and grotesque
form ot the gibbon is the result of
tree dwelling and other special
modes of life, but this also shows
that the ancestor of the present gib
bon was at one time much more human-like than that ape of today.
The same may be said of the gorilla and other anthropoid apes.
This fact with many others also
show, us that the course of development is not always upward,
judging from embroyology lt seems
that the great majority ot apes are
degenerate rather than progressives and at one time wen nearer
the human type than they are today. Many varieties ot life including apes and savage man are fixed
or even going baokward. The Pan-
togontun, the Bushman, and Australian savage started where we
did; aay a million yeara ago, and
an still ln the old stone age and
will probably die out rather than
advance.
Man Arrived on a Very Flimsy
Ladder
Out of millions of yeara of struggle and out of millions of varieties
of life it is believed that but a
single group ot anthropoid apes at
one time ln one location comprised
all there, was which made lt possible for man to appear on this planet. Two or three million years ago
this group of apes came down from
tho trees, bogan to walk on thcir
hind limbs having no fangs or
claws fit to.meet their carnivorous
enemies they began to use clubs
and to combine thoir forces. This
necessity developed more brain and
so we as men and women are here
today.
The speaker declared that the
further .evolution of man demand-
TT*fr ift,n   TOlT^lirnroi.OLUMBIA FEDERAttOMST    vancouveb, a a
Mexico and American
Property Rights
(By Arthur Thomson)
ACCORDING to Washington dispatches, the Harding administration will not recognise the
Obregon government unless It gives
guarantees that the lives and property rights of American citizens in
Mexloo shall be respected. This ls
the same old story we have heard
for some time. Beoause Mexloo
would not give special privileges to
the petroleum Interests, the Wilson
administration withheld recognition
and now it looks as lf Mexico will
be up against extreme pressure
from tlie new administration.
Tbls cry of "guarantees for the
respect of American lives and property rights" Is plain hypocrisy. It
Is mere camouflage.to hide tbe real
issue.
American property rights hare
been respected by Mexloo. So have
other foreign property rights. And
as tar as respect for Uvea goea,
Mexico has a cleaner record than
the United Statea border states
bava whea lt comes ts balance up.
Only noantly law and order-loving
mobs committed crimes against
Mexloan worken ln Texas, that
home of so many of the Interventionists who want to tak. "law ant
orter" and "freedom" to Mexico.
The Harding administration will
be guided by the Fall report on
Mexico, lt ls reported. Tha Fall
report la a moss of misrepresentation, and a brief for American imperialism. It meana that if Mexico
Is to abide by thla, It muat sell out
to Wall Street bankers, give special
ed prompt action in the preeent
economlo ortsta of the world, for
the foroes of darkness and death
are with us.
"Now," said he, "do you believe
that man—the onwnlng product of
these millions of years of struggle
up through all the brute and savage forms of life, surviving the ice
ages, the cruel fangs and olaws of
myriad monsters, the sudden blight
of plague, the ravages of famtne—
is now going to perish ln the midst
of plenty? Is active, productive
man the most truly brainy; the
moral and strong type of man In
this age going at this stage to lay
down and die without a struggle
lust because the breed with the organized appetite, the big stomach
and small brain has through fraud
and force gained legal possession
of tbe world's economlo forces of
its food, clothing and shelter?
"Ia this then tne end ot progress?
Must man too degenerate—or is
humanity represented by the revolutionary workers wise enough and
strong enough to meet the crisis
and lift our raoe to a higher and
happier stage of sooial existence?"
Next Monday the sutijeot will be:
"The Origin of the Gods."
privileges to petroleum, mining and
landed Interests, and ba ruled indirectly lrom Washington, Just as
are the Central American republics. In such an event* Mexloo may
save Itself muoh trouble lf lt were
to come Into tbe American Union,
and be done with lt.
The Imperialists ant interventionists are getting bolder. A while
back, there waa little or no talk of
property rights, but all of law and
order, atrocities, murdering? and
other thlnga calculated to gain pop-'
ular sympathy and 'support tor the
Intervention cause. Now that peace
reigns ln Mexico, and the imperialists axe In power in the United
States, the time seems to be ripe to
oome out openly and tell the people
that after all tha fuss ot the past
waa merely on account et property
rights. Of coune, It will be neoes-
aary to hide tha faot that Americans are seeking special privileges
In Mexico.
How gullible an the people ean
be notei by the way they fall tor
the high-sounding phrases of politicians who pnt* of making the
world sate for demooraoy. self-determination of small people* ant
sa forth, while tbey proceed to foster movements dlreotly antagonistic to suoh. Mexioo's case la a gost
example' ot thla..
UNEMPLOYED IN
BRITAIN BOO KINO
Interviewed By Unemployed Bnt
Unable to Offer lliem Any
Solution to Their Troublea
London.—During a recent vlalt
to Norwloh the King ant Queen
had an unexpeoted Interview with
the unemployed of that city. Their
visit had bsen kept private, but the
men got wind of it, and the royal
party thus became confronted wtth
four of the leaden of the workless
people there. One of the four was
a member of the Norwich board of
poor relief, but having been forced
to apply for relief was now .disqualified from serving on tha
board. The King waa courteous
and sympathetic, but not otherwise Inspired ln his reply to the
men's spokesman. During the incident, which took place in a hall,
there were sounds of booing from
the unemployed crowds assembled
outalde.
FED. DANCE
Don't forget the Federatlonist
Dance on Friday, March 26, ln the
Ponder Hall, Pender Street Weat
dents, SOo; ladles, 26c. Tlokets at
Fed. offlce or any member of the
Women's Auxiliary of tho O. B. U.
Calgary school teaohen go on
strike today.
=F
PAOEFIVI
- HustGetTogt4_.tr
; Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist;
Through tha experience gained by
many years of work for Socialism
Ih this provinoe, and after a survey of tha situation In Vanoouver
ant elsewhere, assisted by consultation with tha working olass np-
resentatives in the loeal legislating,
I bava coma to th. conclusion that
we are facet by two alternatlvee.
W. must either get together in a
unified effort or else make up our
minds to endure present conditions
for some time to come.
The value, of united action has
been clearly shown ln the handling
of the unemployed question and ln
the. way hi which, all factions are
rallying to tha aid of our working-
class paper, the Federatlonist. In
connection mth this I wish to endorse most heartily th. forceful
way ln which the.urgent necsaslty
for co-ordination of our forces waa
atated by Comrade Kavanagh at
th. unemployet meeting oa Sua.
day.
My suggestion is that la avary
town or electoral dlstriot when
more than one labor organisation Is
functioning, w* form a worken'
oounoil en whloh all .laments can
flat npresentattoo. The tuty of
thia council wlU be to teal with all
questions arising out ot th. neet
for concerted action whether Industrial or political.
The labor movement la tha biggest thing ln the world today, ant
lt woult be strange it w. ooult not
Had room for ths utmost diversity
of opinion as to tactics. In fact
such extreme diversity Is to be desired ln order tbat every phase of
thought should flnd due expression
In the coming era. He would bo a
poor Marxian who woult attempt
to set down a hard and fast Inter-,
pretatlon oa to the exact tread of
events, and for that reason, lt for
no other, we must -exercise th.
widest tolerance for each other's
views in this period of flux and
flow;
Now that Comrade Lenin haa so
ably pricked some of our direct
actionist bubbles tha time seems
most opportune for all .notions to
get together, We need to flght
with every weapon at our disposal
and I would like to point out to
those who favor induatrlal action
only, that Comrade Guthrie haa
been able to obtain trom the floor
of the Legislature mon publicity ln
the press for the unemployed situation than all the parades ant
demonstrations held this winter. It
labor Ib to rule labor men must be
trained ln every department of
publlo life, and wo might Just as
well begin now to build up our organization. If wa leave thla until
tho revolution Is on us we will Indeed be In a sorry plight, and the
experience of our Russian comrades ought to show ua the neces
sity of technical aad administrative
training la every'department of our
activities.
It ls well to preserve the utmost
fluidity of thought but unless there
is behind us a unified power to
drive us in the direction of onr
evolutionary goal, wa will keep oa
moving ln circles and get nowhen.
For that reaaon our solidarity must
become an actual tact and with
all labor organisations working together for a oommon purpoae
while at tke samo time carrying oa
th. apeclal propaganda which appeals to each one, we can become a
mighty power. With thla idea accomplished wa could set as our
flnt objective the establishing of
th. Federatlonist on a solid basis,
not only as a weekly but as a
dolly, carrying the gospel of eoonomlo freedom far and wide.
Comrades, thousands have died
for working-class solidarity. Isn't
It about time that we began to
lire for It?
Tours for Soolaliam as soon as
possible,
JACK LOGIE.
Viotorla, Maroh lf, lilt.
T*a Chiropractors
Bdltor B. 0. Foderatlonlat: W.
an still being pereeeutet by th.
B. 0. Medical Association for pns-
tloiag medicine, whieh we havo te-
nlet scores of times; mr laat sum-
mons mado No. 0. lt this ts aot
persecution, I would like to know
what la. Thslr olt stool pigeon is
still oa tha Job, ant othen a. woll.
I would Uke ovory ono who Is ia
favor of madloal fnedom versus
mattsal monopoly, to writ, our
legialatora expressing their views.
It la only on a technicality they
can get a conviotlon, and tbo. professions that has ta have reooura.
to law to tone people to go to
thoa, la surely seand stilt. It is
ths survival sf tha fittest, bnt no
ona need be astonished at thoir
taotlcs. The greateat drugleaa
healer the world has ever seen,
Jesus Himself, was crucified by a
olose corporation, and on ths evidence of stool pigeons.
W. J. DOWNIE.
A POINT TO REMEMBER
Somo merchants tn tow. do not
think your cnatoin ia much use to
them, or they would advertise their
ware, ln The Federatlonist to ee-
oun your trade. Remember thi.
wben yon ire about to make a pnr-
ohaee.
Hamilton, Ont—Pickets representing 1,1.0 striking members of
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers are stationed at nearly all the
large shops hen hi an effort to resist an "open shop" declaration of
clothing manufacturers, who refuse
to arbitrate.
Somebody oomplains about the
high cost of meat in Vancouver
aa compared to other places. How
can we expect the meat truat to
keep meat ln colt atoroge for thne
yean ant not make us pay for
the storage?
NEW SUITS
FOR EASTER
OUR NEW SPRING CLOTHING IN TIME
FOR EASTER
.$48.75
New Suit, in Blue Serge; $65.00 quality;
new priee ..____..._, _____.„_._.»™_.
Spring Overcoats from $80 and higher.
A bright Spring Showing of Children's Clothing in both'
stores.
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
' Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
809 HASTINGS W.       628 GRANVILLE ST.
IK IE
TO ENTER U. S.
Govt Played to the Galleries by the Deportation
(By the Federated Preaa)
Washington—Secretary of Labor
Wilson, In relinquishing hla olllce,
made public an offlolal announcement that Ludwig C. A. K. Martens, Russian government representative in the United States, waa not
deported, but waa grantet permission to'loan this country at hts
own expense, in orter that the np-
tdly changing condltlona la Russia
ant the United Statea, which may
lead to a new Ruaalan policy by
the aew adminiatration, may not ba
embarraaaed.
Moreover, Secretary Wilson asserts that lt was by his own direet
orter, ant not by order of Assistant Seoretary Post, that tha useless deportation order against Martens was cancelled after Martens
reachet Moscow.
Thus the people ol tha two re-
publics are permlttet to learn, at
the last moment that the whole
deportation proceedings instituted
by the Bureau nf Immigration, at
the Instance ot Attorney Oeneral
Palmer's red-raiding foroes, aaa '
th. angry letter et denunciation of
Martens' activities sent out by Seoretary Wilson, attar tha praaldant
hat decreed the deportation orte*i
wen brought to a final, though asent antl-ollmax. The adminiatration played to the gallerlaa of reaction, but when It made up Ita owa
recort for history, and for the
criticisms of future generations, it
eleaoed Ita own aklrta.
tarn NEED II NOW
While May Day has been Mt aa
the dosing dato for the raising of
«,000 for the Federationist, tt
shoaM be understood that w. need
KNOW.
New Tork.—The Central Trades
and Labor Council of Greater New
Tork has sent to President Raiding aat to the executive councU of
tho American Federation of Labor
a resolution urging immediate
opening of trade relations with
Russia "without aay strings." Tha
resolution paya lu respects la
stinging terms to tho "deluge of
diplomat., ant manufactured publicity" against Russia.
The modem warship la aot only
a product ot modern Industry but
a masterpiece, a produot ot the dissipation of wealth.—Engels.
And Financial Security
We need it in our fight for the working class
How mud are you interested in that fight?
DURING the last two years the cost of production has
gone up 75 per cent. In addition to that all the active
reactionary forces have waged a fight against the
Federationist because of its clear-cut ahd uncompromising
policy.
Advertisers Withdraw
Advertisers have withdrawn their support,'while admitting the efficiency of the paper as an advertising medium.
Some of them have stated openly that unless the policy of the
paper was changed they would be compelled to withdraw
their patronage. A glance at our advertising columns will
disclose just how far this opposition has gone.
No Change in Policy
The directors have faced the difficulties that have had to
be surmounted with a determination not to be dictated to by
advertisers. Feeling that unaided they; could not wage the
fight that must be faced if the paper is to give the same
service as in the past, a number of workers who have shown
interest in the working-class movement, representing all
kinds of organized labor, wei'e invited.to a meeting to discuss the situation. It was decided unanimously that the
workers of the province and country should be appealed to
and their aid solicited.
Need for Ready Cash
With restricted finances the highest prices have to be paid
for supplies owing to' the fact that they must be bought in
small quantities. With ready cash this difficulty can be overcome and some saving effected. With the. aid of the workers
the directors will be able-to carry on and overcome the difficulties that face them. But if the fight is to be won it can
only be won by the working class and not by a few indi*
viduals.
And an Increased Circulation for the
Federationist by May Day
Will Continue Fight
The Federationist will continue to fight as it has in the
past for the workers, irrespective of tbeir affiliations. When
the workers are struggling against their employers it is with
them on all occasions and without respect to craft, race or
creed. But it can only continue as long as the finances are
available.
Labor versus Capital
When the line up is labor vs. capital, it can hardly be expected that the enemy will contribute the sinews of war.
The fight is therefore one that the workers must assume.
This responsibility has been recognized by a large committee
wliich will work in the city of Vancouver with the object of
securing the amount mentioned above. Other parts will also
be asked to add their quota in the fight and labor in all parts
will be asked to join in. We need the money. We need more
readers.
Close May Day
May Day is International Labor Day.
That day has been set aside for the conclusion of the campaign. Five thousand dollars and five thousand new subscribers by May Day. Official receipts will be sent to any
officer or responsible member of the working class for distribution. Let us know what you can do and intend doing
and the necessary supplies will be forwarded.
More Subscribers Needed
The Federationist has the largest circulation of any Labor
paper in Canada. Only two dailies in British Columbia exceed its circulation. As an advertising medium it has no
-equal when the workers are to be reached. But there are.
many workers who do not subscribe. This can be remedied.
Why not help in placing the Federationist in the premier
position regarding circulation?
Will You Help?
Will you assist in aiding the Federationist to be In an independent position by May Day? Our fight is your concern.
You can aid us and we will assist you, but you must do your
bit and do it now.
WILL YOU ONCE AGAIN PROVE THAT YOU HAVE THE   FIGHTING SPIRIT?
Send As Much As You Can and As Often As You Can BEFORE MAY DAY
Let the Slogan be: "Put the Federationist on Easy Street" PAOE SIX
THIRTEENTH TEAR.    No. lt
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vANconvm, a a
THE PROVISION MEN
Freah Mtat Department
1XYB4 BXTEA        EXTEA
Wc  will put  on   Bale  oa Friday tnd
•tturday mr tpecitl shipment of the F»-
8Mis Otntubury Lamb, <H>»1 Lamb, not
utton).  Priaaa as follows:
Canterbury  Lamb  Shoulders,   from  8  to
6 lba.  Par lb - 80c
SLATER'S "Left Wing" Communism
******
******
******
******
Cents-bory Lamb Loim, tram 8 1-2 to 6
' lbs.   Per lb ..2S1-SC
Canterbury Lamb Legs, from 3 to 5 lbi.
• Per lb     Ole
POBK       POBK      POBK
Owing to the scarcity of Pork, we fceve
only been able to secure a small
consignment of our famous shoulders, which we will put on sale on
Friday and Saturday; they only
weigh from 5 to S lbs. Special
price per lb 28 l-2e
Oome or Phone early, and don't get
disappointed
Choice Pot Roasts, from per Ib 17c
Choice Oven Boasts, from per lb 18c
Oholee Boiling Beef, from per lb 16c
Choice 8tew Beef, from por lb SOe
Selee Corned Beef, from per lb SOc
olee Pickled Fork, for stewing, for
per lb 88c
OHOIOE MIDDLE OUTS OF POBK
Oa sale oa Friday and Saturday, onr
choice Kiddle Cote of Corn-fed Pork
practically no bone, from S to 8 lbs.;
reg. 40e.   Speeial, Ib 34 1-Se
BOLLSD BOASTS
We pit ap tha laott Boiled Beef Roaete
in the eity, from Mo. 1 Prime Steer
Beef, in oats from 2 to 10 lbs.; reg. Bfle
Ib.   Special, per lb 28 1-Sc
Grocery Department
•PU9I      SPUDS      SFDDS
Toa can bay tne meally spuds at any of
Slater'a 1 Storei oa Friday ant Saturday at, per sack —  91.28
Delivered.
' Slater's Green Label Tea, > Ibl. ..81.00
Slater's Red Ubel Tea, 8 Ua 91.28
Slater'a Green Label Coffee, 8 lba. ..91.88
Tomatoes, largo tins, per tia —___ l*2e
Quaker Corn, per tin .. _.......r^>7 l-2e
Quality Peaa, per tia IT 1-20
Quaker Peaches, per tia —» Sic
6. C. Milk, 2 for  88e
Bolbrook Custard . .....18c
Fine Largo Prunes, 3 lbs   SSe
Columbia Hard Prunes, por lb. lfic
Park and Beaas, 13 tins for —880
Fine Sardinea, 12 tlna for »8e
Finest Groea Peaa, t lbs. for 28e
Ashcroft White Beans, 4 lbs. for....36e
Provlalon Department
Btmn       BOTTIB       BUTTEB
Oa aale Friday from 3 p.m. to 11 a.m.
oa Saturday eur Famona Alberta Batter.   Special, per lb.  ...Ale
Bemember, thla la good Bettor.
SAOOM       BAOOX      BACOH
Oa tatardar we will sell oar Famoua
Streaky Bacon la slabs from 10 to
It lba.   Speolal, lb 861-Se
Half slabs, por lb 87 l-2o
MAK SPBOIAL
Bator's Famed Plenlo Baas, oa sale oa
Saturday.   Speeial, lb.  Hl-te
  BUTTIB
Oat Famoaa Government Speeial Al*
karta Batter; reg. ste par lb. Speeial, 8 lta. far  j—.91 .TS
From 9 a.m. to 19 noon.
1 Streaky Baooa, per lb.
I Streaky Baoon, per lb. —
Va Sheet Streaky Baaoa,
-.400
lb.. ...toe
beolal Bloat Streakr Baooa, Ib SBc
Beet Ayaablro Boll, por Ib Jle
DAIBT BVRBB
Dairy Batter, only, lb. ,
From 9 em. to 11 bob.
bm.Ii BO-HUM tuat
Hhr par alf prloea for Boaelesa Ham
«M pea aaa bay it fieai liatorV ball
tr *%—, at par ft. M 1-te
Mil  bat fat t
LABD
altn  aaj».
lb. M Jto
*i_ It tare lar*.
Basss* haaoas Oaraatloa Oompoaat tart
Balk \e__. IU   g"MtoTia;
Pffl e—h    W*^tmeW_   m  *****   taeeH^aeeeteaaaeamtamOTS
WTO   BIO   BTOMM
WW
J. Weat Sep. 89SS
Pkoae t«. 9149
Thea, Fair. 1998
rhoaotoy. 999
Mm I f ai. Fkaaa Ms STM.
c
Vancouver Unions
3
TAMOOTM TRADEB AND LABOR
tSoOXOIb-P-ieitent, R. W. HaUey:
aaenlary, _. 0. Smith. Heeta 3rd Wat-
aeelar eaoh aieath la tbo Peader Hall,
•mar ef Faster aat Bows streets.
Fbone Sey. HI.
luaiD -
ell—Hoots
nOrara
io .--■
•u—Maata   aaaoBv    Moaaay    In
■oath.    Fwlfait, J. f. Uet&utlt;
, gfe. *■ a" WaaWstU, P. 0. Belli
IBJObUTERB Abb MA80H&-H
1KB AND KABONS-H yoa
uaA briafclayart or muoai ler bolUr
jetu,   ate,,   or  marble  aattert,   pkoae
lrUfctaym'  Union, Labor Ttmplt.
•1KKRAL WORKERB'  UNIT  61 THE
0. B. U.—Pmld«nt, I, Aadre; aiere-
larr, W. Bentee. Hsals Sad and 4th
WMBMdar la oeel. moath la Ponder Hall,
aw. o( reader aad Howe elrooti.   Phone
Ml.
HOTIL     ASS     KB8TAURAWT     Elf
Phyaaa, iMal IS—MeeU every aeeoad
WedBNiajr la the moath at 9:80 p,m.
■ad anrr foarth Wedneiday la the month
.at l!B0 p.m. Pretident, John Commlnfi,
iecretary and awlaeia atent. A, Oraham.
Mm and muting hall, 441 Seymour St.
t-   Phoae toy. 1181.    Oflee hoore, •
uVernati6nal LONGSHOREMEN'S
AieoeUtioa. Loeal HM—Oflee aad
kill, Ul Cordova Bt. W. lleete Int
aad third PHdayi, ■ p.m. Seeretary
treaiurer, F. Chapman; buiineu agent,
1. llteharda.
INTERNATIONAL JEWElAY WORK-
«H' Unloa—Meeti Snd and dth Monday!. Preildent, J. E. Dawion, IMS Tew
■t,. Xititlano; eeeretary, E, T. Kelly,
1180 Haetlni■ St. E.; reeordlng iecretary,
L. Boldiworth, 680—14th flt. W., North
TaacoBTor.	
iUMBER, OAMP ft AGRICULTURAL
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.—
Aa Induitrlal union of all workeri In log*
■log ud construction campi. Coait Dlitrlet and General Headuuarten, 01 Oor
•ova St. W., Vaneonver, B. 0. Phono Sey.
TISO.      E.    Wlaeh,    general    iecretary-
Seaiurer; legal advlion, Meun. Bird,
acdonald ft Oo., Vancouver, B. C.; audi-
tore, Meun. Buttar ft Chiene, Vancou
—, B. 0.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
TORH UNION, LOOAL 84S, I.A.T.S.E
—Afflliated with Trades and Labor Connell and Theatrical Federation, Vancouver.
Preeldent, J. R. Foiter; iecretary and
treaaurer, T. W. Sapited. Office and meet-
lag room, 810 London Building, Pender
LW. Regular meeting night, flnt
day la oaoh month at 7:80 p.m. Buiineu Agent, W. Woolrldge.   Phone Fraier
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAOUE 6*
North America (Vancouver and vicinity) — Branch meeti ucond and fourth
Venderi, 818 Peader St. W. Preildent,
Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave., North Vanoouver; flnanclal iecretary, E. Goddard.
J86 Rlcharde Street; recording iecretary,
. D. Ruiiell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0.,
Burnaby, B. 0.
0. B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS, WOOD-
ea Bridgemen, Derrlcktnen and JRIggeri
ef Vancouver and vicinity. Meiti every
Monday, 8 p.m., In 0. fi, U. Hall, 804
Pender St. W. Preildent, A. Brooke;
flnanolal aeeretary and buiineu agent, W,
Tuck er.    Phone,   Seymour  201.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 336—
Meete lait Sunday of each month at
I p.m. Preildent, A. E, Robb; vleo-
preildent, 0. H. Collier; ■eeretery-treai-
arer, R. H. Neolandi, Box 66.
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Etnpluyeee, Pioneer DIvlilon, No. 101
—Meet! A. 0, F. Hall, Mount I'leiian'
lit and 8rd Mondaye at 10.IB a.m. and <
p.m. Preildent, P. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko
Drive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
447—Oth Avenue Eait; treaiurer, E. S.
Cleveland; flnanclal-iecretary and buil-
aeu agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; offloo corner Prior and Main
Bt!.  Pbone Fair 8604R,
THE NEW WESTMINSTER BRANCH
of the 0. B. U. meeti on tbe flnt and
third Wedneiday ot every month. Al)
membera la thii dUtrlct an invited to
attend
An   Infantile   Disorder
(Note by Editor—The question ol affiliation with the Thlrt or Moscow
International, is being discussed ln Socialist circles throughout the
world. The terms or affiliation have caused more than one split In Socialist parties. In view ol those facts, and that Lenin Is no doubt aware
of all that these torms Imply, and that he Is a master of worklng-class
tactics, we feel that a perusal of the latest work of the head of the Soviet regime In Russia, "Left Communism, An Infantile Disorder," will be
of groat assistance to our readers in arriving at definite conclusions as
to the programme of the Third International. We therefore publish
In serial form the work referred to, and publish the fifth Instalment this
week. This work waa published In the Old Land by the British Communist Party.)
[By Nikolat Lenin]
(Continued from last week)
"Left" Communism in Oreat Britain
IN Britain there Ib as yet no Communist Party,- but there is a young,
extensive potent Communist movement, rapidly growing among
the workers, which entitles one to entertain the brightest hope.
There are, moreover, several political parties and organisations (the
British Socialist Party, the Socialist Labor Party, the South Wales Socialist Society, and the Workers' Sooialist Federation) whloh are desirous of forming a Communist Party and which are carrying on negotiations among themsolves to that effect. In the Workers' Dreadnought
(Vol. vl, No. 48, February 11, 1920), the weekly organ of the last of
the above-named organizations, edited by Comrade Sylvia Pankhurst,
she publishes an article "Towards the Communist Party." The artlole
desorlbos the course ot negotiations between the four above-mentioned
organisations regarding the formation of a single Communist Party on
the basis ot affiliation to the Third International, acknowledgment of
the Soviet System instead cf parliamentarianism, and the dictatorship
of the proletariat. It appeara that one of the chief obstacles to the immediate creation ot a single Communist Party Is the difference of
opinion on the question of participation in parliament, and on the affiliation of the new Communist Party to the old professlonalist Labor Party,
composed of tradee unlona, opportunist, and social-chauvlnlst. . Thc
Workers' Socialist Federation, as well as the Socialist Labor Party," arc
against participation ln Parliament and parliamentary elections: they
are also against affiliation to the Labor Party, disagreeing in this respect with all, or a majority of, the members of the British Socialist
Party—"the right wing of the Communist parties in England," according to the editor's way of looking at It.
-Written before the formstlon cf the Communist Party of Great Britain in
August, 1920;
"I believe this party (the S. L. P.) Is against affiliation with the Labor Party
bat not all of its members oppose participation ln Parliament,
Thus the principal division here Ib the same as in Qermany, notwithstanding the enormous differences in the way ln whtch these differences
manifest themselves, and a whole series of other circumstances. In
Qermany this torm much more'aearly approaches the Russian than ln
England.  Let ue have a look at the arguments of the "Left."
On the question of participation in Parliament, Comrade Sylvia
Pankhurst refers to an article of Comrade W. Qallacher, printed ln the
eame issue, who writes in the name of the Scottish Workers' Committee
of Glasgow:
"Thie Committee (S.W.C.) Is definitely anti-Parliamentarian, and hes
behind lt the Lett wing of the various political bodies.
"We represent the revolutionary movement ln Scotland, strlVlng continually to build up a revolutionary organisation within the different
branches of Industry, and a Communist Party, based on social committees, throughout the country. For a considerable time we have been
sparring with the official parliamentarians. We have not considered it
necessary to declare open warfare on them, and they are afraid to open
an attack on ua
But this state ot affaire cannot continue long. We are winning all
along the line. The rank and flle ot the I. L. F. ln Scotland ia becoming more and more disgusted with the Idea of Parliament, and thc
Sovlete or Workera' Councils are being supported by almost every
branch.
"Thia is very eerlous, of course, for the gentlemen who looks to
politics for a profession, aad they are uatng any and every means to
persuade their membera to come back Into the parliamentary fold.
Revolutionary comrades must not give any eupport to this gang. Our
flght la going to be a difficult one. One ot the worst features of lt
will be the treachery of thoae whose personal ambition la a more compelling foroe than their regard fer the revolution.
"Any support given to parliamentarism is simply helping to put
power Into the hands ef our British Scheidemanns and Noskes. Henderson, Clynes and Co. are hopelessly reactionary. The official I. L. P.
ta more aad more coming under the control of middle-class Liberals,
who, aince the rout of the Liberal Party, have found their 'spiritual
home' In the eamp of Messrs. MacDonald, Snowden and Co. The official
I. It. P. la bitterly hostile to the Third International, the rank and flle
la for lt. Any auppbrt to the Parliamentary opportunists is simply
playing Into the hands of the former.
"The B. B. P. here simply cuts no Ice   ...   .
"What la wanted here la a aound, revolutionary, Industrial organizntion and a Communist Party working along clear, well-defined, eclentlftc
lines. If our eomradea can assist us ln building these, we will take their
help gladly; If they cannot, for Ood's aake let them keep out altogether,
leat thay betray the Revolution by lending their eupport to the reactionaries, who are so eagerly clamoring for Parliamentary 'honors' (?—the
query belongs to the author of the letter), and who are so anxious to
prove that they can rule aa effectively as the 'Boss' class politicians
themselves."
This letter to the editor splendidly expresses. In my opinion, the frame
of mind and the viewpoint of young Communists, or of the rank and
flle ot the workera who have just begun to arrive at Communism. This
frame ot mind ia highly welcome and valuable; lt is necessary to appreciate and eupport lt, as, without lt, the victory of the proletarian revolution ln Britain, or ln any other country, would, be hopeless. People
who are able to express such a .disposition of the masses, who aro able
to awaken ln them auch a mood (which often lies dormant, unconscious,
and unawakened) ahould be cared for attentively and every assistance
rendered them. At the same time, they must be told, frankly and
openly, that that mood alone ls not aufflclent to guide the masses in the
great revolutionary atruggle, and that people devoted to the cause of
the revolution may make mistakes whioh do actual harm to that cause
itself. Comrade Qallaoher's letter to the editor reveals, without doubt,
in embryo all the errors which are being made by the German "Left"
Communists, and which were committed by the Russian "Left" Bolsheviks in the years 1.08 and 191!.
The author of the letter ls full of the noblest proletarian hate towards
class politicians ot the bourgeoisie; and his hate is comprehensible and
dear, not only to the proletariat, but to alt tollers, to all "Uttle people,"
to use the German expression. This hatred of the representative of exploited masses Is, Indeed, "the beginning of all wisdom"; it 1b the basis
of every Socialist and Communlet movement and of its success. The
author, however, evidently .does not take into consideration the fact
that politic- la a aclence and an art which does not drop from the
skies, and which cannot be obtained for nothing; and that the proletariat, lf it wishes to overcome the bourgeoisie, must create for itself
tta own, proletarian, "class politicians," as capable aB bourgeois politicians.
The author of the letter has understood excellently that not Parliament but Workers' Councils will be the way by which the proletariat
will achieve, its end; of course, those who have not yet understood this
are the most vicious reactionaries, even though they be the most lenrn. il
men, the most erudite Marxists, the most honest citizens and fathers of
families. The author of the letter docs not, however, oven think of
putting the question as to whether or not it is possiblo for thc Soviets
to vanquish Parliament without introducing "Soviet" workors into the
latter, without disintegrating Parliament from within, without preparing inside Parliament the success of Soviets In the Impending struggle
for tho dispersion of parliaments. At tho same time, howover, the
author of the letter expresses the thoroughly right idea that the Communist Party ln England must act upon a scientific basis. Science
demands, in the first place, on evaluation of the experience of other
countries, especially lf those others are undergoing or have recently un-
FMDAY. ,...—.. .March 1», 1 My
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dergone & very similar experience; In the aecond place, It demands an
evaluation of all force* groups, parties, classes, masses, acting within
the given country, and the determination of one's polioy not merely according to the strength of the desires and views of one group or party,
according to its degree of class consciousness and readiness for the
struggle.
That the Hendersons, Clynes, MacDonalds and Snowdens are hopelessly reactionary Is true. It is alao true that they want to take the
power Into their own hands (preferring, however, a coalition with the
bourgeoisie, and that they will Inevitably behave, when ln power, like
tbe Scheidemanns and the Noskes. AU this is true, but lt does not
necessarily follow that to support them means treason to the revolution;
on the contrary, in the interests of the revolution, the revolutionaries
of the working class must render to theBe gentlemen a certain parliamentary support
To make this thought clearer* I shall take two contemporary Bngllsh
political documents, (1) the speech of Lloyd George, on March 18,
192j}, as published in the Manchester Guardian of the following day,'
and (2) the arguments of the "Left" Communist, Comrade Sylvia Pankhurst, in her above-mentioned article,
Lloyd George in his speech argued against Asquith (who was specially
invited to the meeting, but refused to appear) and those Liberals who
desire, not a coalition with the Conservatives, but a closer connection
with the Labor Party. (In the letter of Comrade Gallacher we also
lind mention of the tact that Liberals are going over to the Independent Labor Party.) Lloyd George sought to prove that a coalition of
the Liberals with the Conservatives, and a close one at that, was necessary, otherwise victory would be on the side of the Labor Party, which
Lloyd George prefers to call "Socialist," and which strives towarda collective ownership of the means of production. "In France lt waa
known as Communism," the leader of the English bourgeoisie explained
to his hearers (membera of the Liberal Party who probably up to that
time had been unaware of lt), "ln Germany It wag known aa Socialism,
and ln Russia it is known as Bolshevism." For the Liberals, explained
Lloyd George, this la unacceptable on principle, as the Liberals on principle are for private property. "Civilization Ib in Jeopardy," declared
the orator, and, therefore, the Liberals and Conservatives must unite.
"If you go to the agricultural areas," said Lloyd George, "I agree that
you have the old party divisions as strong as ever; they are far re<
moved from the danger. It does not walk in their lanes. But when
they see It they will be as strong as some of these Industrial constituencies now are. Four-fifths of this country la industrial and commercial;
hardly one-flfth la agricultural. It ls one of the thingB I have constantly ln my mind when I think of the dangers of the future here. In
Franoe the population Is agricultural, and you have a solid body of
opinion whioh does not move very rapidly, and which Is not easily
excited by revolutionary movements. This is not the case here. This
country is more top-heavy than any country ln the world, and If it
begins to rock, the crash here, for that reason, will be greater than ln
any other land."
The reader sees from this that Mr, Lloyd George Is not only a clever
man, but that he has learned much from the Marxists, It would not be
committing a sin for us to learn something from Mr. Lloyd George.
It is Interesting to note the following question put after Mr. Lloyd
George's speech;—Mr. Wallace: "I should like to ask what the Prime
Minister considers the effect might be ln the industrial constituencies
upon the industrial workers, so many of whom ore Liberals at the present time and from whom we get so much support. Would not a possible result be to cause an immediate overwhelming accession of strength
to the Labor Party from men who, at the present time, are our cordial
supporters?" The Prime Minister: "I take a totally different view.
The fact that Liberals are fighting among themselves undoubtedly drives
a very considerable number of Liberals ln despair to the Labor Party,
where you get a considerable body of Liberals, very able men, whose
business It is to discredit the government. The result is undoubtedly
to bring a good accession of public sentiment to the Labor Party. It
does not go to the Liberals who are outside, it goes to the Labor Party,
the by-elections ahow that."
By way of remark this discussion specially shows how the oleverest
of the bourgeoisie have got Into a muddle, and cannot help committing
irreparable blunders. It is from this that the bourgeoisie will perish.
Our people may commit stupidities, it Ib true, but bo long aa these
stupidities be not vital and be .corrected in time, we shall none the
less conquer ln the end. .<,(_
Another political document gives the following arguments of the
■Left" Communist, Comrade' Sylvia Pankhurst:—
Comrade Inkpin (Secretary of the Britten Socialist Party)
refers to the Labor Party 'as "the main body of the working-
class movement." Another comrade of the B. S. P., at the conference of the Third International Just held, put the B. S. P.
position more strongly. He said: "We regard the Labor Party
as the organized working class."
We do not take this view of the Labor Party. The Labor
Party Is very large numerically, though Its membership Is to a
great extent quiescent' and apathetic, consisting of men and
women who have Jollied the Trade Unions because their workmates are Trade Uhlonltrt8 and to Bhare the friendly benefits.
But we recognize that the great size of the Labor Party Is also
due to the fact that It Is the creation of a school of thought beyond which the majority of the British working class has not
yet emerged, though great changes are at work in the minds of
•*^ the people, which will presently alter this state of afTnira. The
British Labor Party, like the sociul-patriotic organ lwUlons of
other countriea, will, In tho natunal development of society, Inevitably come Into power. Tt Is for the Communists to build
up the forces which will overthrow the social-patrlotB, and In
this country we must not delay or falter in that work.
We must not dissipate our cn<-'rgy In adding tto the strength
of the Labour Party; its rise to power ts inevitable.   We must
concentrate on making a Communist movement that will vanquish it.   The Lnbor Party will soon bo forming a government;
the revolutionary opposition must get ready to attack It.
And so, the Liberal bourgeoisie renounce the bi-party system of the
exploiters—historically sanctified by centuries of experience, and highly profitable to the exploiters—finding tt necessary to join their forceB
for the fight against the Labor Party.   Part of the Liberals, like rats
deserting a sinking ship, run over to the Labor Party.   The Left Communists flnd it inevitable that the power will fall into the hands of
the labor Party, and admit that at the prosent time the latter is backed
by a majority of working men.   From this they draw the strange conclusion which Comrade Sylvia Pankhurst expresses ns followa;—
A Communist Party must not enter into compromises . . .
A Communist Party must keep its doctrine pure, and its independence of reformism inviolate; ItB mission Is to lead the way,
without stopping nr turning by the direct road to the Communist
revolution.
On the contrary, since the majority of the workers in Britain still
support the British Scheidemanns and Kerenskys; since they have not
yet experienced a government composed of such men, which experience
was necessary ln Russia and Germany before there was an exodus of
the masses towarda Communism, it follows without any doubt that the
British Communists must participate ln Parliament. They must from
within Parliament help the workers to see In practice the results of
the Henderson and Snowden government; they must help the Hendersons and Snowdens to vanquish Lloyd George and Churchill united. To
act otherwise meana to hamper the progress of the revolution; becauso,
without an alteration in the views of the majority of the working cluss,
revolution Is impossible; and thla change can be brought about by the
political propaganda alone. If an indisputably weak minority of the
workers say "Forward, without compromise, without stopping or turning," their slogan is, on the face of lt, wrong. They know, or at least
they should know, that tho majority, in the ovent of Henderson's and
Snowden's victory over Lloyd George and Churchill, will, after a short
time, be disappointed ln its leaden., and will come over to Communism—
or at any rate to neutrality and, in most cnseH, to benevolent neutrality
towards the Communists. It Is as though ten thousand soldiers were
to throw themselves into bnttle against fifty thousand of the enemy at
a time when a reinforcement of onc hundred thousand men Is expectod
but is not Immediately available; obviously, lt Is necessary at Buch a
moment to stop to turn, even to effect a compromise. This no-
compromise slogan Is intellectual childishness, and not the serious
tuctlcs of the revolutionary plass.
The fundamental luw of revolution confirmed by all revolutions, and
particularly by all threo Rusaian revolutions of the twentieth century,
Is as follows: It ls not sufficient for the revolution that the exploited
and oppressed masses understand the Impossibility of living in the old
way and demand changes; for the revolution lt Ib necessary that the exploiters should not be able to live and rule ob of old. Only when tne
masses do not want the old regime, and when the rulera are unable to
govern as of old, then only can the revolution succeed. This truth may
be expressed in other words: revolution la Impossible wlthut an all-
national crisis, affecting both the,cxploitod and the exploiters It follows that for the revolution it is essential, first, that a majority of the
workers (or at least a majority of the conscious, thinking, politically
active workers) should fully5understand the necessity for a revolution,
and be ready to sacrifice their lives for lt; second, that the ruling class
be ln a state of governmental crisis which attracts even thc most backward manses into politics. It is'-a sign of every real revolution, this
rapid tenfold, or even hundredfold, Increase in the number of representatives of the tolling and oppressed mosses, heretofore apathetic, who
are able to carry on 0, political fight which weakens the government
and facilitates Us overthrow by the revolutionaries.
In Britain, as la seen specifically from Lloyd George's speech, both
conditions for a successful proletarian rovolution are obviously developing. And mistakes on the part of the Left Communists are now all
the more dangerous just because some revolutionaries show an insufficiently penetrating, insufficiently attentive, conscious and foreseeing attitude, towards each ot these conditions. If we are not a revolutionary
group, but a party of the revolutionary class, and wish to carry the
masses with us (without which we run the risk of remaining mere
babblers), we must flrst help Henderson and Snowden to defeat Lloyd
George and Churchill; or, to bo more explicit, wo must compel the
former to defeat the latter, for the former aro afraid of their vlctry!
Secondly, we muat help the majority of tho working class to convince
themselves, through their own experience, that we are right; that la,
they must convince themselvea of the utter worthlcasneaa of the Hendersons and Snowdens, of their petlt-bourgeola and treacherous natures,
of the inevitability of their bankruptcy. Thirdly, we must accelerate
the moment when, through the disappointment of the majority of the
workers with the Hendersons, It will be possible, with serious chances
of success, to overthrow tho Henderson government—which will most
$ (Continued on pace 1)
Five Lawyers Now Acting:
in Behalf of U. S.
Labor Men
(By John Nicholas Beffol)
(Federated Press Staff Correspond
dent)
Boston, Mass.—The forcea defending Nicola Sacoo and Bartolomeo Vanzettl, Labor organizers, accused of murder at South Bralntrec,
have been strengthened by the entrance into the case of Attorneys
John W.( Thomas F. and Jeremiah
J. McAnarney, one of tho leading
law firms of Boston and Quincy,
Five lawyers now are acting in
behalf of the defendants, Elver
since laat August, Attorneys Wm.
J. Callahan of Brockton and Fred
H. Moore of Loa Angeles have been
developing the case of the defense,
whloh haa Involved a search for
missing witnesses throughout Italy
and all the Italian centres of the
United States.
Entrance of the McAnarneya Intq
the flght to free Sacco and Vanzettl haa large significance. Various
outstanding oases have been tried
by the three brothers, but their
practice has alwaya been conservative; they have defended men accused of murder, but none of their
prevloua clients has been damned
ahead of trial by the label of "radical."
Their integrity "Is rock-aoltd. "If
the McAnarneya are defending
Sacco and Vanzettl," the people of
Boston already are saying, "it
means they are certain that these
men are Innocent."
Fred H. Moore has defended men
and women tn Labor trials'in many
parts of the United Statea. He was
chief counsel for Elizabeth Gurley
Flynn and her fellow-defendants In
the famous free speech flght at
Spokane in 1909, when the authorities' jailed 1800 industrialists. After
months in the courts that battle
was won by the defense,
In 1912 Moore was one of counsel for Ettor, Giovannittl and Car-
uso when those organizers were
tried in a cage at Salem for the
killing of Anna Loplzza In the Law
rence woollen strike. All three
were acquitted. Nicola Sacco was
an aotlve worker In raising funds
for the accused men.
WE NEED IT NOW
While May Day lias boen set as
the closing date for the raising of
$5,000 Mr tlie Foderationist, It
should be understood tliat we need
It NOW.
Athena—A tragic fate has met
three Greek Socialists who had visited Moscow. The representative
of the Greek Socialist Party to the
Third International, Demosthenes
Lygdopoulos, along with two comrades, was on hla way to Athena
when their ship was attacked ln
the Black Sea by Turco-Aslan pirates, and all three were murdered.
The Socialist Party here la commemorating their deaths by a public protest against the blockade of
Russia.
According to a Moscow wireless
message received today, 630 carloads of goods from abroad were
brought into Soviet Russf during
November. The United States furnished three carloads of soap, three
of shoes and one of rubber boots.
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PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
The Federationist
Can Be Made
more useful than it is if more workers can be induced to read it.
The Directors Have Decided
To Offer Prizes
in the shape of literature to those sending in subscriptions on a voluntary
basis.
With a View to Increasing the Circulation
The circulation today is larger than many, daily
papers but it should be even larger.
The following works have been chosen as suitable prizes to offer sub.
hustlers:
Ancient Society	
Critique of Political Economy
Essays on the Materialistic Conception of .....
History .._...„.—  (Labriola)
..(Morgan^
..(Marx)
Landmarks of Scientific Socialism
Philosophical Essays
Positive Outcome of Philosophy.
Socialism and Philosophy 	
History of Canadian Wealth.
— (Engles)
.. (Dietzgen)
._ (Dietzgen)
- (Labriola)
(Myers)
Physical Basis of Mind and Morals (Fitch)
The Students Marx  _. (Aveling)
Those sending in 30 subscriptions can have a choice of any three of the above.
Those sending in 20 subscriptions can have a choice of any two, and those sending
ln ten subscriptions can have a choice of any one. A copy of "Red Europe," by"An-
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one sending in live subscriptions.
A special prize will be given to the one sending in
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Two half-yearly subs will be counted as one yearly.
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Help the Fed and Build Up Your Library PRIPAT.—-....„.;.Maroh U, 1*11
thibtbboth tbak. no. it THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vanocuvm. b. a
PAGE SEVEN
WHIST DRIVE
and DANCE
Under the Auspices of the Women's Auxiliary of the One Big Union
/
In Aid of the Federationist
Maintenance Fund
PENDER HALL
FRIDAY, March 25th, 1921
Whist 8 to 10 r      Dancing 9 to 1
Gents. 50c.
Ladies 25c.
Tickets can be obtained from any member of the Women's Auxiliary,
or at the Federationist Office.
RESIST BOSSES
"Awl It Came To Pass"
And so tt cams to pan that ln
the vaat city ot Vancouver tbat
standeth at ths bottom of the
Mountain, that la known aa Grouse,
that Is near unto Stanley Park,
there dwelt therein many men who
were of a BolsKle nature, and they
did sow tho seeds of i discontent
amon» thetr Wayward Brothors,
whom they wished to gather into
their midst and become of the very
same mind as they, and they did
glory tn their day and generation.
And so one day they did go into
the remote corners of the Soldiers
Club, which ls known as Elysium,
and did speak ln many whispers,
the one unto the other, about the
great Famine whtch prevailed.
There were some among them
whose Highness'of Ideals and lack
of Vision did say, "Let us to the
kitchen' go, and make clean thts
vile staff that dlsheth ua out the
Mulligan and. Bully, otherwise we
in time shall becomo of very low
mind from eating not of the noonday lunoh which truly belongs to
DANCING LESSONS
PRIVATE OB CLASS
W. E. FennV School
COTILLION HALL
Fhones: Sey. 101—Soy. 3058-O
Social Dances Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
OOWAN ft BROOKHOUSE
PBINTEHS, PUBLISHERS. STEBBO-
TTPBB3 AHD BOOKBINDERS .
Unloa OfflcUli, wrlU for prlwi.   Wt
give SATISFACTION.
On tad titer Jn. 1. 1920, we will be
lonted st 1129 HOWE ST.
us, within whose bosom burns the
■park Divine, For lt is now written ln the good book of Wisdom, to
Bat, Drink and be merry today,
for tomorrow we shall be on our
way to (Easondale), (yea, verily lt
is so). So when the vast multitude
didst gather-In the very spacious
Rotunda of Elysium, they did'st select six men of very High mind to
go and see htm who ls known as
Harnett, knowing that he was the
man before whom it was best to
state their demand. And they did
speak unto htm, saying, "Tom, you
have promised us three meals a
day, but you gave us only two,
What oauseth thou to act ln such a
way to men who taketh up the
sword against ~tbo Enemy, to so
guard our land form pestilence?'
And they did also say, when the
Government asked us for milk we
gave them milk, now wben we ask
for Gratuity, they give us more
Mounted Police. So af empty belly
maketh a loveless Heart And the
chief of the six men of High mind
did speak to the man known as
Harnett, and salth unto htm: "Tom,
lt shall proflt us nothing If we pass
the whole day ln speaking words,
whloh are but words, for is it not
written, 'a good bank account and
a full Belly, causes Deafness?' So
ln warning thereof, the danger that
lleth in watting. The men you now
behold within whose bosonfs burn
the spark Divine, will be changed
unto Demons unless the stew and
Bully ls replenished at Mid-day.' "
And so lt came to pass, that those
six men of High Mind, did resume
their journey back to the multitude
to tell them of their sojourn and
the fruits of their labor * thereof,
and some felt cheerful for one moment and hostile the next, until
one man, tall and light of limb,
didst get himself upon a soap box,
and he did speak to the multitude
ln accents that were of a Rebel Nature. But Is It not fully written
that a man shall come among you
and Restore peace and Happiness.
And so lt came to pass when the
crises waa at Its Highest, there appeared a man small of stature, but
of very High mind  and  he did
speak to the multitude In tones
that did hold weight for silence
fell upon the throngj and their ears
were very attentive to him whose
Higher mind didst convey to them
conditions as they really did exist
' And the ones ln the .throng that
were Hard-boiled, and had ven
seance In their hearts, didst wipe
tears from their wrinkled faces,
and cry out for forgiveness to that
Higher mind. For is it not written
in the Scripture, Thrones may fall
and Despots Bound before the
might of mind, (and a little child
shall lead them.) Then when the
men were quieted down, and peace
was again restored among its people, the ones who were known as
Bolshle surrounded the Uttle man
of High mind to pay htm homage,
and they did go on their weary
way Rejoicing, singing praise to
htm and the Kitchen Staff who
dlsheth out the stew and the Bully.
And so it Is written, that gentle
words do more to calm down the
savage nature than harsh words.
(Tes, verily it Is so, very much so.)
Oakland, Cal.—An autopsy on
the body of a high achool instructor, who died in Berkeley suddenly,
disclosed the faot that the teacher,
Morris V. Campbell, had died of
starvation, his salary not having
been sufficient to maintain/himself
and his Invalid wife. He was an
Instructor tn chemistry and mathematics ln the Oakland Vocational
High School.
Philadelphia — Seven thousand
shipyard workers have entprpd
upcn the sixth week of thetr strike
against the William Cramp & Sons
Ship and Engine Building Company
here. Preservation of union conditions for 75 000 shipyard workers
along the Atlantic coast is believed
to be at stake in this strike.
FED. DANCE
Don't forget the Foderationist
Dance on Friday, March 25, ln the
Pender nail, Pender Street West
Gents, SOo; ladles, 25c Tickets at
Fed. ofllce or any member of the
Women's Auxiliary of tbe O. B. V.
Wage Cutting Does Not
Make Much Headway
in Holland
(By Louis P. Lochner)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Amsterdam—Despite the determined efforts of the bosses, all attempts thus far to lower the wages
of the organized workera of Holland
and to reduce them to pre-war
levels, with but few exceptions,
have failed. Thla is due to two
facts, flrst, the solidarity of the
workera, and second, the industrial
"war chests" built up by the unions
to supply thetr membera with strike
and unemployment benefits.
There are five general federations
of Labor unions In Holland. Tha
largest of these, the Netherlands
Federation of Trade Unions, Is Sooialist tn character, and haa a membership of 220,000. Next comes the
Federation of Catholio Trada
Unions, with a membership of
about 190,000. Thla foderation la
particularly strong tn the southern
sections of the country, where the
railroad employees are the most
powerful group among the organised workers. The Syndicalists,
who number soms 40,000, are members of the National Workers Syndicate. While theoretically they
are opposed to political action, they
have not hesitated to take part in
parliamentary activity when the
occasion demanded. '
Then there are office worker*,
who are organised nationally in the
Neutral Trade Union Federation.
Their number ls about 40,000. To
them belong practically all the organized postal employees and
clerks In commercial Arms. Finally, there are the Christian Trade
Unions, some 50,000 strong.
These five federations are ln conflict with each other aa to theory,
tactics and degree of revolutionary
action. But on any question of
wate scales or even the question of
a strike, they may be counted upon
to act together.
"I do not believe that the attempt to force the workers to
accept lower wages will succeed,"
said J. Oudegeest, secretary of the
International Federation of Trade
Uniona. "The Dutch trade unions
have long ago prepared againat (be
rainy, day, and have built up vast
flnanclal reserves, out of which
tbey can aupply the strikers and
unemployed. The employers know
this, and are exceedingly cautious
about starting something."
Of the 60,000 unemployed ln
Holland—they constitute one per
cent, of the population—the great
majority belong to the diamond
workers, clgarmakers and furniture and harbor workers.
Djttch workera declare that, so
long as the countries that formerly
formed the "hinterland" for Holland's trade, especially Germany,
France and Belgium, remain virtually bankrupt with foreign exchange heavily against them, there
ls little hope for Dutch Industries.
"Left Wing" Communism
S —An Infantile Disorder
(Continued from :
W
1800 WORKERS IN
PRAQUfc JAILS
Are Jailed As the Result of the
Suppression 6f General
Strike
Berlin—More than 3000 Communists and Left Wing Socialists
are still ln Jail tn Czecho-Slovakia
as the result of the government's
violent suppression of the goneral
strike of December, according to
statements found ln a heavily censored copy of the Prague Rude
Pravo received here late in January. Rude Pravo, the leading organ of the Prague Communists,
saya that 1800 of the arreted men
are held in the Prague jails.
It Is asserted that they are being subjected to grave abuses, as
many aa 50 or 80 being confined ln
a single room and their food being
of the. poorest quality. Special
courts have been set up to try these
men, and the press of the republic
Is clamoring for drastic punishment.
These Firms Advertise in the Federationist
You Can Help the Paper By Patronizing Them
Here They Are, Indexed for You
Mr. Union Man, Cut This Out and Give It to Your Wife
Auctioneers
-ova _ Co 570 Seymour Street
Bicycles
l-dalls Limited—-. 618 Hutings Street Weal
Billiards
!on Jones (Brnnswiek Fool Booma)  Hastings Street Eut
1   Boots and Shoes
'Itrr, Ptris. tl Hutings Btrest Wert
lacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Stroet Woat
Jornett Bros. _ Clarke 58 Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing
'terre Paris «4 Hastings Strset Weet
re* Mothod Shoe Repairing ."..._   S87 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
nternatlonal Book Shop  Corner Hastings and Columbia Streets
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
)ownie Sanltadlira, Ltd.  15th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
>r. Lee Holder ....74 Pairfleld Building
>r. H. W>lton 81.-811 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
ancouver X-Ray Institute 614 Standard Bank Building
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
lumens, Ltd 163 Hastings Street West
ilubb ft Stewart S09-81B Hastings Stroet Wesl
. m. Dick Ltd 88-49 Hastinga Street But
'hoe. Foster 4 Co, Ltd-     614 Granville Street
5. D. Bruce 401 Hastings Street West
iew Tork Outfitting Oo._____ 143 Hastings Street West
F. B. Brumitt Cordova Street
Coal
Irk A Oo, Ltd. 089 Main Bt, Seymour 1441 and 481
!anadlan Wood and Coal Co 1440 Qranvllle Street.  Phone Sey. 6290
IcNelll, Welch & Wilson 420 Cambie St. Phones Sey. 404-406-406.
Dancing Lessons
'ender Hall Corner of Pender and Howe Streets
V. B. Penn Dancing School , ...CotllUpn Hall
Dentists
Dr. Brett Anderson 602 Hastings West
Dr. W. J. Curry 801 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Beer-
Van Bros.	
Drinks
...Westminster Brewery Oo.
..Vancouver Breweries Lti
...........—..Ciders and wines
Diy Goods
Famous Oloak 4 Suit Oo Bs . 623 Hastings Street West
Florists
Brown Bros. * Co. Ltd 48 Hutings Eut and 788 Granville Btreet
Funeral Undertakers
   2398 Granville Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co _ 233 Klngsway
 - 681 Homer Street
Harron Bros. ,
Nunn and Thomson...
Hastings Furniture Co..
Furniture
-41 Haatings Street Wost
Groceries
"Slators" (three stores) .Bastings, Granvillo and Main Streets
Cal Van Markst  Hastings St. W.
Hatters
Calhoun's, Ltd „.„61 Hastlnga Street Eaat
Black and White Hat Shop „ Hastings and Abbott
Jewelers
O. B. Allan 480 Granville Street
Masseurs, Etc.
M. P. Bby, B.A., M.B 999 Broadway West
Printers and Engravers
Oowan * Brookhouse 4 1129 Howe Street
Taxi Service
Stanley Steam Tail Co..,
Swan Taxi 	
certainly lose its head It the clever leader of, not tha petit, but grand.
bou-gebisie, Lloyd George himself, loses hla wits so completely and
itfore Weakens himself—and wtth himself the wholo bourgeois party-
yesterday through Mi "collisions" with Churchill, today with his "col:
Ilslons" with Asquith.
Let me speak more concretely. The British Communists must, ln my
opinion, unite all their four parties and groups (all of thnn very weak,
some very, very weak Into one single Communist Party, on the platform of the principles of the Third International, with obligatory participation ln Parliament Ths Communist Party must offer to tho Hen.
deb ons and Snowdens a compromise, aa electoral understanding:—
"Let Us go together against tha union of Lloyd George and Churchill;
let us divide the seats in Parliament according to the number of votes
cast by the workers for the Labor Party or the Communists (not In
tho elections but by a special poll), we to retain the fullest freedom
of agitation, propaganda, and political aotivity." Without tht latter
condition there can, of course, be no bio0, for this would he treason;
tht British Communists must and will stand up for and maintain the
fullest liberty ln exposing tht Hendersons and Snowdens, u did the
Russian Bolsheviki for fifteen yeara (1908-1917) In relation to the Rut-
slap Hendersons and Snowdens, that Is, the Mensheviks.
If the Hendersons and Snowdens accept the bloc on thtn conditions,
then we are the gainers, for It Is altogether Immaterial how many
seats ln Parliament we get On this point wt shall make mort con-
cecsslons so long u tht Hendersons, and tsptolally thtlr ntw friends
(or should lt bt their new masters?) the Liberals, who have gone over
to tht Independent Labor Party—art keenest on this, Wt art tht gainers, for wt shnll carry our propaganda Into tht massts tht sooner to
understand our Communist propaganda, which wt shall oarry on ceaselessly against tht Hendersons, overlooking nothing.
If the Hendersons and Snowdens rejeot a bloo on these conditions,
we shall Btlll. gain more. Por wt have at onct thus shown to tho
masses that tht Hendersons prefer their own nearness to the capitalists
to the unification of all tht worktrs. In thts conntotton lt Is to bt
noticed that even In purely Mtnahtvlk olroles—i.e., tht entirely opportunist Indtptndent Labor Party—tht rank and flit art for Soviets. Wt
havt at onoe gained in tht tytt of tht masses; they, after the highly
accourata exposurt of Ltoyd George—highly .useful for Communists—
-will sympathise wtth tht unification of all workers against the coalition
of Lloyd George and Churohlll, Wt score again ln demonstrating that
tht Hendersons and Snowdens art afraid to defeat Lloyd George, are
afraid to take tht power alone, and are striving secretly to gain thb support of Lloyd George, who Is openly stretching a hand to Churchill
against tha Labor Party.
It should bt noted that ln Russia, sifter the revolution of February 87,
1917 (old style), tht propaganda of the Bolsheviks against the Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries (i.e., the Russian Hendersons
and Snowdens) gained on account of precisely similar circumstances.
We said to the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries; "Takt tht wholt
power without the bourgeoisie, for you havt a majority la the Soviets."
(At the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets, in June, 1917, the Bolsheviks had only 13 per cent, of votes.) But the Russian Hendersons
and Snowdens feared to take the power without the bourgeoisie. Consequently, when the latter.kept delaying the elections to the Constituent
Assembly (knowing full well that tht majority of votea would go to
the Social Revolutionaries and the Mensheviks, whtch parties were In
the closeat political bloc and represented In faot one petit bourgeois democracy), they (the Socialist Revolutionaries and Mensheviks) were
powerless to fight energetically against these delays.*
*Tho elections to the Constituent Assembly la Bnssls la Norember, 1917, on a
poll4 ooinprising more thsn thirty-six million electors, gars 25 per -oent. ef the
votes to the Bolsheviks, 18 psr oent. to the vsrlous parties of landlords tnd bourgeoisie, end 62 per cent, to petit-bourgeois democracy—l.e., to Socialist Be.ol.tloa-
sriM snd Mensheviks, together with small kindred groups.
Should tht Hendersons and Snowdens refuse to form a bloc with tht
Communists, the latter would have at once gained in the work, of obtaining the sympathies of the masses and of discrediting the Hender-
forts titid Snowdens; and lf, on that account, the Communists should
Vein aJfew seats in Parliament, lt would not matter very much to them.
We;would put forward our candidates only ln very Insignificant numbers, and only In absolute safe districts, i.e., where our candidate would
not help to elect a Liberal agalnat a Labourite. Wt would carry on
anelection campaign, spreading literature ln favor of Communism, aad
j>ropo;jing In all districts where we have no candidates to vote for tht
Lqt>or(te against the bourgeois. Comrades Sylvia Pankhurst and Galla-
c ber are mistaken lf they think there Is treason to Communism ia thli,
pr,that It signifies the renunciation of the flght against social traitors.
Qn-the contrary, the cause of the Communist revolution could undoubtedly only gain by this.
At present it Is often difficult for the British Communists even to approach the masses, even to make themselves heard. But if 1 address
the mftsseB as a Communist, and Invite them tot vott for Henderson
agatoujt Lloyd George, I most certainly will be listened to. And, being
Ijatenoij to, J ahall be able to popularise the Idea, not only that Soviets
are. better than Parliaments, aad that the diotatorshop of tht proletariat
is better than the dictatorship of Churchill (disguised under the name
of bourgeois "democracy"), but also that I am prepared to' support
Henderson by my vote in just the same way as a rope supports a man
who has hanged himself. And, as the Hendersons draw nearer to the
formation of their own government, It will be proved that I am right,
lt will draw the masses to my side, and will facilitate tho political death
of the Hendersons and Snowdens, as happened ln the case of their co-
thinkers in Russia and Germany.
And lf the objection be raised: "These are too cunning and Intricate
tactics; the masses won't understand thom; they scatter and disintegrate
our forces; they will Interfere with concentration on the Soviet revolu
tton, etc.;" I shall reply to tht "Left" critics: "Don't attribute your
doctrinal. Ism to the masses!" It1 Is a matter of fact that the masses In
Russia are not more but less advanced than ln England; nevertheless,
the masses did understand the Bolsheviks, and the latter were helped,
not hindered, by the elrccumstances that, on the eve of the Soviet Revolution, in September, 1917, lists of thetr candidates for the bourgeois
parliament (Constituent Assembly) were being prepared, and that on
the morrow of the Soviet Revolution, In November, 1917, they were
taking part ln elections to the very same Constituent Assembly which,
on January 6, 1918, was dispersed by them.
I cannot dwell here on the second point at Issue between the BrltlBh
Communists; that Is, the question of affiliation or non-affiliation to ths
Labor Party. I have too little Information on this question, which Is
especially complicated on account of tht quite unique composition of
the BrltlBh Labor Party, which Is so very unlike the coraposllton of the
usual political parties on tht Continent.
I have no doubt however, that, on this question as well, he would be
mistaken who would be Inclined to draw up the tactics of the revolutionary proletariat on the principle that "the Communist Party muat
maintain its doctrine pure and Its freedom from reformism inviolate; Its
slogan must be to go forward without stopping or turning aside, to
follow the straight road to the Communist revolution." Por such principles only repeat the mistakes of the French Communard-Blanqulsts
who, in the year 1874, proclaimed the "repudiation" of all compromises
and of all intermediary positions. Secondly, lt is beyond question that
the problem, here as everywhere, consists In the ability to apply the general and fundamental principles of Communism to the specific relations
between classes and partlos, to the specific conditions in the objective
development towards Communism—conditions which are peculiar-to
every separate country, and which one must be able to study, understand, and point out.
But of this we shall havs to apeak not only in connection with British Communism, but in connection with the general conclusions pertaining to 'be development of Communism ln all capitalist countries. These
we shall now take up.
(To be continued)
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FORT
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THE BIG INVESTMENT
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Capital, $1,000,000.
Shan Iatue, l,ee*,0M.
Par Value $1.00 Pet Shan
This Company hat two drilling outfits, fully paid for, whloh will
be shipped to Fort Norman. These will bt working night and day
throughout tho summer on contract drilling for existing least-
holders and en tho Company's holdings.
The Company hat two Oil Leases, ona near tht altt tf tht Imperial Oil Co. "gusher" at Fort Norman, and another near Windy
Point, where thp Imperial Oil Co. la also drilling.
Wo offer tht public a limited number of shares In ths abort
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Pleats purchaat tor mt ■
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ADDRESS
PAR VALUE, DOLLAR PER SHARE
The Army of Occupation and Morals
 334 Abbott Street
-A2   Cordova St.   E.
Theatres and Movies
Empress Orpheum ...._.._._._....,
-...m. Pant* ges
JUDGING from the information
j on the occupation of Oerman
_: territory, by Allied troopa, morals, do not count very much. The
following summary of cases supplied £o the Nation by a mayor of
ono of the towns in the occupied
area, Ib most Illuminating:
1,' The olty «f Katserslautern
was ordered verbally and In writing, early in 1919, by the French
military authorities (Major Der-
vllle) to establish a brothel for the
occupation troops. The city put
t_)e execution of the order in the
hands of a brothel-malntainer, who
covered the costs by the profits,
I. The mayor of Landau was
ordered, January 6, 1919, by Major
Watrln and Oeneral Laroque of the
Eighth army to establish a public
house for the French troops of the
Landau garrison. Shortly after
the houso at No. 7 Kaufhausgaase,
belonging to the Schneider family,
was seized. Three other families
besides the Schneiders lived in the
house; other homes had to be found
for them on short notice. Up to
April 21, 1920, the city had paid
out 10,837.25 marks for equipping
the house and for accessory costs.
8. A brothel was established in
Ludwlgshafen upon order of the
French local commander early ln
1919, Two houses were nuked at
firBt; but after negotiation this was
reduced to one house. The city authorities bought two houses for
90,000 marks, and equipped one
for 43,000 marks, The business was
let out, and it fs hoped to covor the
costs by the rental.
4. In Mainz the French chefferle
du genie ordered the Oerman military building offlce to establish a
brothel In the Luenette Erbenhelm
for a battalion of Algerian tirailleurs, The rooms are no longer UBed
as a brothel, but as a prison. The
building costs amounted to 70,000
marks, paid by Germany.
6. At the Kosthefm camp the
sams French authorities compelled
the same German offlce to establish a brothel for Algerian tirailleurs. The brothel ls occupied by
Arab women. The building costs
amounted to 109,802.76 marks,
6. At Fort Welscnau bei Mainz
the municipal garrison authorities
were orderod by the French cheff-
eru du genie to build a brothel.
After' four weeks the rooms were
transformed into a dining-room for
French ollicers. The building costs
wore 1600 marks.
7. In Bingen a brothel wus established upon order and turned
over to a privato entrepreneur. The
costs, 40,000 marks, are to bo covered by Interest at 6, and amortization at 2H per cent.
8. At Langenschwalbach the
city turned over the establishment
of a brothel, ordered by the French,
to an entrepreneur.
9. At Hoechst am Main two brothels were established, at a oost of
29,000 marks, upon order of the
French authorities.
10. At Wiesbaden two brothels
were established upon demand by
the French, at a cost of 61,542.22
marks, besides which ths city provided equipment costing 100,000
marks, which the manager of the
brothel Is ot pay for in monthly instalments of 1600 marks.
11. At the manoeuvring ground
at Grleshelm near Darmstadt, a
brothel for North African troops
was established in stall 89 upon
order of the French. It oost 14,-
890 marks.
12. At Idsteln a brothel was established upon order at a cost of
27,000 marks.
18. At Speyer a brothel was
established early in 1020 upon order of the French local command-
The city paid 60,000 marks to
buy two housos; the business iB
rented out, the renter paying for
the equipment, and it is hoped that
the rent will pay for the purchase
costs.
14. In Dies two brothels were
established by the city upon order,
at a cost of 3680 marks.
16. At Slegburg a brothel was
ordered established during the armistice period. A building belonging to the national government formerly used for offices and a printing shop was seised for the purpose.
The total costs amounted to 162,-
069.13 marks, but the house has
not yet been used hy tho occupation
authorities nor freed for other uses.
16. At Bad Ems the mayor was
forced by the French occupation
authorities to establish a brothel
after he had refused several times,
and been threatoned with punishment. The brothel is chiefly UBcd
by Americans coming from Cob-
lenss. The business Is so lively, especially at night, that sometimes
14 automobiles are parked in the
street ln front of the house. Apart
from the fact that Germany has to
pay for the costs of the automobiles, the conduct of those using
the brothel affects Injuriously the
business of the city of Bad Ems.
The cost of establishing the brothel
was 6000 marks.
.. GET IN THB FIGHT
When there Is a light on tho mi
who gets In and digs Is the one thai
we like. Get In now and dig, bj
patronising The Fudcratlonlst advertisers.
London—The Russian Trade
delegation here has just signed an
important preliminary contraot
with Armstrong, Whitworth & Co.
by which the Arm will be entrusted
with ths repair of some hundrode
of Russian locomotives annually.
Its operation Is, however, conditional upon the trade agreement
between the two countries being
elgned.
Milwaukee—With the issue dated March 6, the New Day, the national Socialist weekly, will be enlarged to eight pages, double lte
present size. The business offlee
has been removed from Chicago to
628 Chestnut street, this elty.   .
COAL
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A POINT TO REMEMBER
Some merchants ln town do not
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nitres In The Federatlonist to secure your trade. Remember this
when you are about to make a purchase.
One dollar and fifty cents is the
oost for a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
Greateit Stock of
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in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
if astings Furnitnre Coilid.
41 HwtUcs IMM WM
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A reliable Regulating Pill for Women. $1
a box. Sold at all Drug Storai, or mallei,
to any sddreai on receipt of priee. Tke
Scobell Drag Oo., flt Oath artaM, Ontarte.
PHOSPHONOLforMEN
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r  -rr-r
THIRTEENTH YEAR.    No. 10
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
FRIDAT .....Maroh 11, Hit
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
*   Boys' Department;—Second Floor
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Russian Revolts
Largely Press Stories
(Continued from Page 1)
ter-revolu tion ists and Finnish White
Guards, making up the principal
forces tn the Kronadadt adventure,
already realize the hopelessness of
their situation,
A further significant fact, the
Moscow dispatches atate, Is that
Paris newspapers printed stories of
"revolts" in the Baltic fleet on
February 13 and .14, before any
signs of revolt occurred, "The
whole affair," the Marcontgram
continues , "was a deliberate plot
by French agents."
The flrst radio, dated Moscow,
March 6, follows ln full:
"In view of the persistent rumors
abroad, alleging uprisings, mutinies,
etc., the following are the facta:
Moscow and Petrograd are now absolutely quiet. A week ago, on the
Insistence of the workers, the food
rations were equalized, thereupon
tha workers of the. government
printing factory wha had been getting extra rations, protested, sending delegates to different factories,
unsuccessfully endeavoring to foster strikes. The workers In other
factories, Insisting that the government measures' were right and
justifiable, refused to join the dem-
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Second-hand Dynamos, Blectric
Motors, Tools and Machinery
Bought and Sold.
629 Dunsmuir St.      Seymour 6698
onstratlon which   ended   immediately.
Soldiers Protest
"The soldiers maintained that
the strike was without Justification and wanted to demonstrate
their disapproval of it. This is the
only foundation for stories of soldiers' mutiny. A similar incident
occurred at Petrograd .where the
workers ln a factory who had been
getting extra rations objected to
the equalization; but that was also
qulted immediately.
"Kronstadt Ib a seperate Incident
and the facts are as follows: The
fortress of Krasnaya Gorka, which
dominates Kronstadt from the land,
ts maintained In our hands. The
garrison of Krasnaya Gorka is absolutely hostile to the mutineers,
and is eager to flght them. In
Kronstadt, in the forts of Peredo-
vol and Ustye, the same condition
prevails. Until now tho mutineers
have not been dispersed only because the military authorities wish
to spare the battleship Petropav-
lovsk; but lf lt should prove necessary, Krasnaya Gorka will force
the mutineers to surrender.
"Dissensions are breaking out
among the mutineers, one faction
supporting General Koslovsky, the
other being against their officers
and actually attacking them.
"In Petorgrad there is complete
quiet. Even in the two factories
where food and fuel difficulties
caused demonstrations by some,
the men now understand that they
were made tools of by a capitalist
conspiracy. Eight thousand Petrograd sailorB have held a meeting;
and unanimously passed resolutions supporting the government.
"At the meeting of the Petrograd Soviet, March 4, Zlnoviev gave
the following history of the Kronstadt events; 'On Feb. 13 the Paris
Matin spoke of revolts ln the Baltic fleet. The Echo de Paris, Feb.
14, had similar stories. As at that
time no unrest whatever existed in
Kronstadt, but lator occurred, it
Ib proof that the whole affair was
a deliberate plot by French agents,
which fact is confirmed by the activity tn Finland, at that time of
Czarist Russian officers and agents
who managed to penetrate into
Kronstadt, using the food difficulties as basis. A few days later,
when Kalinin, president of the All-
Russian central executive committee, spoke at a large meeting at
Kronstadt, the patrol of the battleship Petropavlovsk wnnted to pre-,
vent his leaving, but sailors of that
battleship interfered aad apologized.
Conspirators at Work
"On Feb. 28, at a meeting on
board  the Petropavlovsk,  a reac-
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IBB OIXD1T STOBB OPPOSITE THE PBOVIHOE
tionary resolution was adopted, but
rescinded on demand of the ship's
crew. On March 1 a new resolution was adopted, demanding the
re-election of the Kronstadt Soviet,
which was agreed to. The election
thereupon began, but conspirators
obstructed it, demanding that it be
held on board the Petropavlovsk.
On Maroh 2 an aotual mutiny commenced, the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionists taking an active part, calling themselves nonpartisans. The nominal leaders
were Petrlchenko, former purser
of the Petropavlovsk, and Turin;
but the real leader Is Capt. Burk-
sar, one of the former Czarist officers. General Koslovsky is a person of lesser Importance.
"Following upon the meeting
came the Inevitable dlsallusion-
ment, ln spite of the frantic efforts
of the aforementioned officers. to
maintain the morale of the mutineers by holding out hope of Etho-
nlan help. In a military uense,
Kronstadt was never for a moment
In danger of coming ln the control
of the mutineers to the extent of
menacing Petrograd, as It was constantly covered by the guns of
Krasnaya Gorka. 'While mutiny
now Is no greater,' said Zlnoviev in
his address to the Petrograd Soviet, 'the time has come to completely liquidate this farce.'
Men Called to Duty
"Zlnoviev was followed by other
speakers, Including Kalinin and a
Kronstadt sailor, Feodorav, formerly under Burksar. The meeting
then adopted a proclamation calling on the workers, sailors and soldiers ln Kronstadt to divulge the
real sources of the conspiracy, and
stating that no attempts against
Soviet power would be tolerated
and calling the men back to duty,
promising that those who had been
misled wouid be distinguished from
the real plotters, and would be
treated conciliatory. After the
meeting, the situation eased as indicated above.
"In a reeunt speech Lenin explained the food situation, saying
that large stores of food accumulated had been too confidently distributed, instead of being stored for
a possible emergency, and that
when heavy snowstorms and temporary shortage of fuel brought
down the train arrivals from 120
every five days to twenty,- the consequent lessening of rations produced a protest. The usual number of trains are now bringing food
and the shortago Is over. It Ib obvious that foreign plotters are endeavoring to use the rumors of
unrest to counteract possible trade
relations with England and other
countries. No/uneasiness is felt here
as the demonstrations proved that
the great masses of the workers
adhere firmly to the policy of the
government, and the soldiors immediately rallied to Its support."
A second radio, dated Moscow,
March fl, stated that the "final
stages of the Kronstadt adventure
are marked by utter disillusionment among the participants of
tho mutiny." The mutineers were
declared to be fighting among
thomnelves. The arrival of Trotsky on the scene, and the fact that
stores of food ran low after tho
first days of pillaging were declared to have led to a situation In
which the whole affnir wa3 expected to dissolve at any moment.
The revolutionary military council of thc Republic Issued a proclamation signed by Trotsky, Kamenev, Tuchachevsky and Lebc-
doy, ordering tho Immediate return
of the mutinous ship Into the hands
of the Soviet Republic, and tho cessation of hostilities on pain of armed intervention, tho dispatch
states.
News of American labor ts being
distributed to 72 dally papers In
Germany through the Federated
Press Berlin bureau. Through the
Arbeldepresse of Chrlstlanla, 42
Scandinavian pnpers are being
reached by the Federated Press. In
England, tho London Daily Herald,
the only labor daily In tho country, ond tho Labor Party Research
Department are receiving the service.
Toronto, Ont.—Union painters
and decorators did not wait for
work to be supplied them through
government agencies but judiciously distributed circulars through tho
residential sections offering to doc-
orate for 25 cents an hour less than
employers' charge. Thoy are kept
busy, according to E. B. Reeves,
secretary, who says tho scheme
may be made permanent, f
First Issue of "The Worker" Has Been Pufc.
lished
When it became known that tbe
Lumber Workers were to publish a
paper of.'.their own, many thought
that this would mean that' the
Lumber Workers wouid cease to
support The Federationist. The
flrst issue of the Lumber Workers
organ, The Worker, which appeared last week, dispels this illusion,
as the following .comment from that
publication will show:
"No Labor paper on the Amerl
can continent has attained a higher
standing among thc friends and foes
of the Labor movement than has
The B. C. Federationist, which, because of Its unswerving adherence
to the strict revolutionary working
clasB position has earned the..hat
red and opposition of the exploiting
Interests who are determined, lf
possible, to put it out of business,
ln furtherance of which object they
have withdrawn their advertisements, hoping thereby to cripple
lt financially at a time when the
cost of newsprint has trebled. The
ownership and control of the paper
Is ln the hands of the advanced
section of the Labor movement,
and the directors have accepted the
challenge of the opposition by Issuing an appeal for (5000, which
amount will place the paper on a
strong financial footing and at the
same time permit going ahead with
an enlarged degree of usefulness,
There Is an absolute necessity for
The B. C, Federationist In the Labor world, and Its function ln no
way conflicts with that of The
Worker. There ls the need and
scope for both, asl'he Worker will
specialize with working claas organization on Industrial lines, with
particular attention to the-affairs
of the workers In the lumber in
dustry, and The Federatlonist will
continue Its present field of more
general scope of world wide news
pf working class questions viewed
from all angles.
Donations or subscriptions can
be sent direct to The B. C. Federatlonist, 342 Pender street west,
Vancouver, B. C."
The flrst Issue of The Worker is
a creditable sheet. It ls well written, and newsy, and while dealing
mainly with the problems of the
particular industry which It represents, lt at the same time Is of educational value, carrying as lt does
much propaganda matter, Aa an
auxiliary of the Labor press, She
Worker will be of assistance, and
with Its already expressed attitude
to the general Labor press, and The
Federationist in particular, will,-Instead of being a knocker, be a
booster of the real Labor publications that are worthy of Hie support of the workers.
Might Learn Wisdom
from the Holy
Bible
The following dispatch appeared
ln a local paper on Wednesday:
London—Tha Bishop of Birmingham startled his audience at a
meeting recently by announcing
that there were to his knowledge
39 schools in London alone where
Communism ts taught,
'If the church had made its Sunday schools ns attractive as ttyse
Communist schools, they would be
full," he said.
As an outcome of the meeting, it
was decided to conduct a counter-
Communist crusade, which has the
endorsement of high clerical and
lay dignitaries.
The following, taken from the
Bible, might well be studied by all
those that are supposed to look to
that book for guidance ln their
worldly affairs:
(Arte),  CI).  4, verse 32-35)
"And the multitude of them that
believed were jf one heart and one
soul; neither said any of them that
ought of the things whtch he possessed was his own; but they had
all things in common.    •    •    *
"Neither wns there any among
them that lacked; for as many ns
were possessors of lands or houses
sold them, and brought the prices
of the things that were sold.
"And laid them down at tho
apostles' feet; and distribution was
made unto every man according as
he had need."
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
IH FACTO
6
Shop Stewards Are in a
Strong Position in
the Factories
Owners Would Not Dare
to Fire Stewards
Off Jobs
(By the Federated Presa)
Brussels, Belgium- — "Belgian
workmen are developing factory
control aB effective aa the British
shopsteward movement," declared
Cornelius Mertens. head of the Belgian Federation of Labor, to a correspondent of the Federated Press.
"These stewards are picked by the
workmen themselves, and keep
their posts as long as they hava
their confidence. They hava no
legal status, but are none the lew
geen rally recognised by employers.
"They are the representatives of
the workmen. AS auch, moat of
them are active ln the trade unions
movement and work ln close harmony with the central syndicate
bureau. This connection with the
national bureau is now being Increased by the trades union educa
tlonal system. Stewards are given
a chance, to attend the union
schools, and become familiar with
general Labor and faotory mat*
ters. Those who have had this experience go back as active organizers for the unions.
"At the same time that these
stewards are In closest contact with
the workmen and unions, they also
work with the employers. In many
big factories, notably the iron and
steel works, employers have given
the stowards a lot of social welfare
problems to handle, and flnd Jthis
the most satisfactory way to avoid
friction. Many stewards are now
givfng all their time to this work,
but continue receiving full pay from
the employers. At the same time
they are entirely dependent upon
the workmen for thetr posts, and
can be removed on any step from
the narrow path. ThiB combination of control is far more satisfactory than either the one where
poor unions are obliged to carry all
the oosts, or where there are simply so-called 'welfare engineers,'
who depend on the good Will of
the employers for their jobs, and
who have not the confidence of the
workingmen." ,
In answer to the question about
how the status of these stewards
compares wtth that of the heads of
the workers' councils In Germany,
Mertens replied: t
"Although our stewards have no
legal position, their actual one Is
even stronger than that of the workers' head ln Germany. Belgian
employers, for example, would not
dare to flre stewards the way German factory owners dismiss them.
In Germany the only recourse of
the workmen ls to the courts, and
here the . most favorable decision
for them Ib that the leader receives
an Indemnification. He does not,
however, get back on his job, and
the workmen are left without a
suokesman.
"We are not keen about bringing Labor disputes Into the courts,
whatever they are. Long experience shows ua that here we usually come out the small end of the
horn,. The dismissal of a steward
ln Belgium therefore means a flght.
Employers know that such moves
are provocative and therefore go
slower than ln Germany In seeking
to decapitate organized labor.
"About the origin of the shop-
stewards movement tn Belgium,
Henri DeMan, head of the Unions
Educational Department made an
interesting statement: "Before the
war not only stewards, but even
the union delegates were pretty
generally disregarded by the employers. But then there were only
some 150,000 organized workmen.
Today, howaver, there are some
800,000, so that the stewards, like
the unions, are a factor to be taken
into account. They got a firm foothold In the period just after the
armistice when manufacturers were
ready to make any concessions to
Labor to Increase production, and
they refuse to give it up now, despite the fact that employers are
profiting from thc crlslB to tighten
screws on their workmen.
"That the Belgian stowards system is ln many ways similar to the
British one Is not at all a result of
the English . example. Belgian
workmen know something of both
French and German organization,
but almost nothing of English conditions. There Ib, too, an essential
difference In the development of
the two movements," DeMan con-
Largest Mon's Store In tho West
1200
Men's and Young Men's
SUITS
at less than bankrupt sale prices
How we break even on a purchase of .-fifty cents on the
dollar.
See Our Windows for Sensational Clothing
Announcements
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Baok."
Wm. Dick
Limited
4547-491%-tings East
AF1A.F.0FL.
Call Attention of Gompers
to the State of Unemployment
; The following resolution which
ts self explanatory has been passed
by the Phoenix Arizona Central
Labor Council and ordered sent to
all Central Labor bodies and to
Sam Gompers,, president of the A,
F. of L,: .        ...
"To Sampel Gompers,
"President A. F. .of L.
, "Whereas, we, membera of the
Phoenix Central Labor Union, after
being connected with the A. F.. of
L. for many years, during Which
we have been schooled to expect a
Moses to lead the hosts of labor
forth from economic bondage, now
realize that our A. F, Qf u gods
have feet of clayj.ihat If these officials move ln our lntereat, It ls pnly
after they have received a-vigorous
shove from the. workers upon
whoae backs they so nonchalantly
ride. Therefore, Mr. Gompers, we
are constrained thus to address
you.
"Do you realize that millions of
men and their dependents face
starvation in this country becauso
of unemployment, because of stagnation ln Industry, because we now
have a period of over-production-
that ever-recurring phenomenon of
the capitalistic wage Bystem for
whose continued welfare and existence you have eVer shown such
tender solicitude.
"Do you know that ln Russia,
that country where today one finds
the only government on earth con
ducted by and for tho useful, work-
era, millions of our brothers, after
successfully defending their workers' republic from the treacherous
assaults of International capitalism,
now endure hardships, privations
and want for lack of clothing and
shoos, medical supplies and
canned mUk, paper and dishes, machinery and farm implements—in
a word the varied products of our
farms, mines, mills and factories,
while their Soviet government
stands ready to purchase these products with gold or exchangeable
raw materials.
"Here la the Salt River Valley
of Arizona. Our largest industry
Is the raising of long stable cotton,
which Wall Street, because of no
market, haB forced out of the
hands bf the producers for a fraction of its value. Do you konw
that Russia has announced that
Bhe will purchase the entire world's
surplus of cotton?
"Are you blind to the welfare of
those you purport to serve that you
cannot see your duty clear to demand ln the name of the unemployed workera of this .country that
trade relations with the Russian
Soviet Government be established?
"When the Jackals of capitalism
demanded the life blood of the
workers for the protection of their
markets and credits, you dramatically announced that you were 'a
living, breathing, vflghting man/
and behind the amoke screen of
'make the world safe for democracy' you valiantly ■ led us to the
slaughter. For that democracy we
still flght, and, thanks to our Russian comrades, the plan of successful battle begins dimly to unfold.
The workers of all countries can
and will free themselves from wage
slavery.
"How maliciously and cruelly
were the workers seduced In the
world war is now apparent to all.
Can lt be that you alone have not
yet recovered from the poison gaa
attack of WaU Street, or are we to
understand that your 'galvanic, dynamic energy' can be aroused only
in the Interest of the exploiters?
The time ls near at hand, Mr.
Gompers, when you must speak
out In the real interest of labor or
make way for some one who can
and will.
"For the present, Mr, Gompers,
to the end of relieving immediate
.distress both at home and abroad,
you are instructed to humbly supplicate the powers that temporarily
be—to lift the economic blockade
against Soviet Russia. .
'Resolved that these, our sentiments and views, after receiving
the official endorsement . of organizations composing this body,
be forwarded to President Gompers
and published in the labor press."
German Workers Battle Against Capitalism
(Continued from page 1)
before the invasion of the Rhine-
land:
'The Imperialists of the conquering states are lending themselves to an alliance with the Imperialists and capitalists of conquered Germany. This explains
the complacence of the Entente
on the question of disarmament.
There can be no doubt of this
fact.
"The forces of the Orgesch (the
Bavarian guard organized by the
imperialist forces of Germany)
and of the other organizations for
self-protection will one day form
the ranks of a new Imperial army.
Their first task will be to anoint
themselves ln the blood of tha
German proletarian revolution.
That ls why the Entente at Spa
permitted bo much delay in disarmament."
Not only do the Allied chiefs
plan to reduce the German workers to slavery ln order to keep
gold flowing into their empty exchequers, but they Intend to use
Germany as a buffer against Soviet Russia, the manifesto charges. The fact that Generals Hoffman and Ludcndorf offered their
services to the Entente to aid in
crushing the Soviet Republic ls
cited ln this connection.
MRS. HENDERSON TO SPEAK
Mrs. Rose Henderson will give
an address on "The Economic
Causes of War" in the F. L. P.
headquarters, 148 Cordova Street
West, on Wednesday, March 28.
The chair will be taken at 8:16
prompt.
eluded. "The stewards system fn
England tends to operate outside
the unions, while in Belgium the
stewards have become among the
most active union leadars."
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CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
UNTTED
Men'a aai Boya' Shoe Spcelallste
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Trades  Council Delegation to Victoria Is
Dissatisfied
At the regular meeting of the
Vancouver (International) Trades
and Labor Council held laat night
the Building Trades department
reported that the master builders
of the city had refused an interview with a committee of the
trades. The matter, however, of
a reduction In wages wilt be
fought out at all costs.
The parliamentary committee
reported a very unsatisfactory Interview with the members of the
legislature at Victoria on matters
of working-class legislation. The
delegation were heard in the House
but were not given an opportunity
to discuss the subject matter and
were told that the suggested legislation would receive consideration.
The council decided to affiliate
and favored plans of the B. C. Arts
and Crafts school; a body which
la asking government aid ln iistl-
tutlng such a school.
By a vote of 27 to 14 tho council favored a motion asking the
government to provide for the selling of beer on draft under strict
and proper supervision in the proposed moderation bill.
GLEANINGS FROM RUSSIA
Soviet Russia has proven time
and time atfain that there Ib no
hope for the counter revolutionists
ln that country. Outside of the Imperialists of all countries, Russia's
greatest enemy, ls the capitalist
press which glorlflea outside attacks on Soviet Russia and pictures
a street flght tn Petrograd as a general uprising.
Soviet Russia has called In and
does not Issue any inore paper
money. Workers are paid by means
of a Soviet card. Of course rubles
are still used by those who do not
work and speculators make them
pay for their idleness. Bread, for
Instance, costs these idlers thirty
roubles a pound, while three roubles Is the cost of a person on the
soviet card. Everything ls purchased on the Soviet card.
Medical aid In Russia Is now
gratis to all workers. 897,436 beds
are at their service In hospitals.
In a campaign, "to flght for
cleanliness" In which It waB decreed that "Tho health of the working class Is properly tho workers'
affair" the workers, soldiers and
peasants help to post up eight million announcements published by
the health department.
The People's Commissariat Is responsible for the feeding and clothing of every child In Russia and the
Soviet Republic considers and attends to the needs and well being
of "Children Firat."
v-
Russla solved the "rent problem"
by making all houses the property
of the state.
The trade agreement has been
signed between Great Britain and
Sonet Russia.
The "uprisings" created by the
"shock troops" of the capitalists
are not looked upon as serious by
the Soviet government.
OIL ON I
Petroleum WiU Be Factor
for die Next
War
The OU News, the organ of Britlah oil Interest!!, in a recent edition
.tates;
"The year' 1821 opena with petroleum a definite factor ln national and International polloy and diplomacy. Where one can lmagtre
the natlona of the old regime deputing tor thla or that ollfleld.
Thla new phase of petroleum hla- .
tory ia the chief feature that distinguishes 1921 from, all the yeara
that went before lt. To what It will
lead we cannot, any of us, be Quite
sure; but we may predict with perfect confidence that the oil polloy -
of any of the principal natlona will
be a chief department bf ita diplomacy."
A one, two or five-dollar bill to
our maintenance fund will be ap- i
predated Juat now.
Old Country Steam
Baths
Open every. Thursday, Friday
and Saturday from 2 to 11 p.m.
3. WEI'SAIA
2221 Gordon Drive. Phone High.
2000L
Take Hastinga Street Eaat car,
transfer to Nanalmo St car at
Sixth Ave. Walk half block west
:..~,r. . J
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PROFESSIONAL MASSITO
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810-911 OABTBB-COTTO* BLD«.
Phone Soymonr 3041
'    101 Haitian Street Weit.
A dance ln aid of the Federatlonist ls being held by the Vancouver Finnish Unit of the O. B.
U.
New National Hotel I
200 Outalde Booma
Special Ratea by the Week
Ph. Sey. 7030—1221 Oranvllle i
TAXI
SWAN TAXI
Central Hotel
ta coiioova sr. e.
Phone Sey. 65S3
Night—Pbone High. 405X
Jt.jBWANSON
New Suits
Keen Prices
$24.95   $29.65   $33.75
$37.65   $44.65
C. D. Bruce
LIMITED
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets

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