BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Jan 9, 1925

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345403.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345403-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345403-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345403-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345403-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345403-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345403-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Burnaby and South Vancouver
Municipals-Elections, Saturday, January 17
THE neglect of the workers to obtain representation on municipal
bodies deprives them of a certain amount of right to criticize
those whose only function has been to protect tho interests of the
banker and the debenture holder. Not only do municipal bodies fail
to realize that they are presumed to provide service for the community, but they have contracted a load of debt which now is
practically a first mortgage on thc homes supposed to be owned
by the citizens.
Civic governments, composed of men without vision and with
no conception of the commonwealth, when called upon to expend
large amounts fail to obtain beneficial results. Just as the foolish
heir to fortune wastes his patrimony, so do those suddenly called
to administer a municipal estate. Seeking nothing in particular,
they attain it easily. Meanwhile elementary necessities of modern
existence are missing. With the years of experience in the old land
to learn from, every mistake has boen repeated on a larger scale.
Slums, narrow roads, impassable highways, lack of sewerage facilities, indifference to education and.health mark tho way of the
local administrator, who will inevitably state that thc municipality
is in a sound financial condition which, being interpreted, means
waterlogged by overdrafts and debt. Even such a primary need
as water cannot be supplied. Neglect of town planning has
allowed settlement in districts devoid of facilities. Real estate
interests control councils by the power of the yearly big cheque
for taxes.. Assessments are an incomprehensible muddle. "Keep
■the truth from thc people and give us another year so that our
fiiends can unload thcir land" is the cry. No man arises who is
strong enough to grasp the nettle—a mediocrity is succeeded by
mediocrity. All things to all men is thc road to a politieal favor.
Pass thc buck to the government, the ward councillor, 'the official,
or the ratepayer.   Evade responsibility and draw the indemnity.
In expressing their willingness to endeavor to clear up the
situation the labor candidates recognize that it will take long and
serious effort—the errors of years of maladministration cannot bc
righted in a year. Sooner or later, however, the situation must bc
faced—the longer it is delayed the worse the muddle.
Labor representatives offer their services to the community,
they do not seek office. No candidate for thc pai'ty has thrust
himself forward to advertise himself or to pursue private interests
—each has bcen deliberately chosen with careful selection and long
consideration.    Friends, the future is yours.
Labor Candidates-Burnaby Municipal Elections
Burnaby Municipal
Labor Candidates
For Reeve:
J. P. Dickson
Ward 1—H. W. Swann
Ward 2—M. Sorley
Ward 3—W. J. Holdom
Ward 5—0 B. Gibbs
Ward 6—J. Brown
Ward 7—H. Enberg
School Trustees:
Alfred Smith
M. Marino
Police Commissioner:
H. S. Bate
IN entering the municipal field lhe labor party is always met wilh
an assumed objection to the introduction of politics into such
elections. The fact is, of course, that thc anti-labor party has always
used political affiliations to ensure the return of their candidates.
Civic employees are often engaged on account of their activity in
_ thcir particular party and in the hope of retaining the job or
K scouring better remuneration, are compelled to work for the powers
|^ that be even in municipal hours. Contractors and firms supplying
goods have to keep step and come through in thc provision ol
,,, autos and canvassing, particularly as regards thc outside vote. A
[j careful survey of the different municipalities over a period of years
"■ discloses a long line of officials dismissed because the other side
has eome into power. More often than not the aim of Ihe high
muck-a-muck has been to create a machine to win elections in other
(V  fields.
Under the control of the anti-labor party corruption and graft
has been firmly imbedded. Whilst contracts have been handed to
friends of the administration without supervision or inspection,
labor has bcen underpaid and denied reasonable treatment. No
civic body demands even trade union regulations in all its dealings.
Whilst the small owner has been compelled to lose his rebate, or
pay the penalty if behind with his taxes, those in the know have
escaped both penalty and interest. Even the assessed taxes have
been reduced years after they were levied. Thus, even from an
ordinary commercial standpoint, the past administrations have
failed. Overdrafts and debenture issues have been accumulated,
and an elaborate yearly financial statement is issued to keep the
truth from the people. Not even a chartered accountant eould
obtain information worth while from Ihcse documents without close
examination of the actual records. Yet the public is as satisfied
with the "balance sheets" as is a child with a toy.
Attendance at a council meeting will disclose a body of men
incapable of taking a large view of things. If the ward system is
in vogue eaeh Solomon views the universe as comprised within his
mud puddle.    The  bulk of thc evening will  bc taken  up  with
[i some petty grievance whilst the bulk of the business is rushed
f through at the end without consideration or left to the mayor or I
Although absolute incompetence is displayed in finance, yet
j the only interest of the elect is paying tlio banker and the debenture
holder and maintaining thc civic headquarters.   No thought of
, servico or the provision of convenient necessities for the ratepayers
/exists.   So libraries, health, food, parks, recreation, education and
f tho realities of lifo are reckoned of no account; in fact, a fiendish
J delight is shown in obstructing the school board.    An insane joy is
* manifested in the  annual profits (save the mark)  derived from
I liquor, horse-racing and other manly sports and handed over by a
J* fairy godmother provincial  government.    No  thought that such
L profits may be dearly obtained, that they may disappear, or that
*J the cost of hospitals, jails and asylums far and away obscures thc
f alleged gain.
Labor will stress the point that taxes are high when no service
is rendered in return, and that they are low when satisfaction is
{>, received for the payment made.   Above all, thc communal point of
t view in all matters under consideration will be taken.   The experience gained in trade unions and fraternal societies will enable tin;
■ movement to show that in comparison with the anti-social councils
of thc past, labor is at least decidedly fit to govern.
works on self-sustaning basis. Has
stood for fair wages and conditions for school workers and supports payment of current wage
scalo for relief work, deeming it
unfair to pay for work done at
loss than its value. Opposed to
taxation of improvements.
R. Neville for Councillor Ward
Has already served one year
as labor representative for this
ward. Js president of local branch
of Federated Labor Party and
very activo in all political
and organization work of the
labor movement. As representative of the ward has been most
energetic and persevering in endeavoring to get good results
from tho small amount of money
available for necessary work. I.
of the opinion that, as individuals
are of necessity controlled by
their political ideas, it is more
honest to come out in the open in
municipal affairs, which, after all,
aro entirely subject to political
H. S. Swann for Councillor,
Ward 2. Came to British Columbia from Ontario in 1911. Has
served for five years on the board
of school trustees, holding office
of chairman of board and of
finance committee, *, Member of
street railwaymon's union. Advocate of trade union wages and
conditions. Wonld protect interests of Burnaby in the event of
a metropolitan scheme being proposed on the lines of the Vancou*
ver sewerage board.
M. Sorley for Councillor, Ward
3. Bom in Leith, Scotland. Was
on executive committee of Y. M.
V. A. for Scotland. Entered the
labor movement after being an
active church worker. Came to
British Columbia in Wll and
worked for the B. C. Electric
Bailway Co., becoming a member
of the Street Railwaymon's Union.   Served in the ranks of the
J. P. Dickson for Reeve—Born
in Peebleshirc, Scotland. Ca»e
to Selkirk, Manitoba, in 1905,
and soon took an active part in
community effort there. Arrived
in Vancouver 1909, and started
the business of Dickson Brother ,
landscape gardeners and nurserymen. Is well known in horticultural circles throughout the province, the firm specializing in the
laying out of rock and natural
gardens—waste land being converted into an artistic asset to
the common good. Designed
Burnaby exhibits at tho provincial faira ot New Westminster in
1922 and 1923. These exemplified
the possibilities of production for
use. Has served on thc Burnaby
school board for four years, being
chairman in 1924. Was chairman
of school building committee foi'
three years, during which period
extensive and satisfactory wor.
was done earning the approval of iDorsot Regiment di"'ing the Euro*,  _ -_ _
the department of education on poan war. rising to commissioned 1907; after 10 years there came
South Vancouver
Labor Candidates
J. Auton
Len Edge
Alec. McDonald
0. J. Mengel
J. 0. Smith
J. W. Wilson
School Trustees:
A. C'aridge
R. E. Rigby
Police Commissioner:
W. Ford
cessful labor camtidate at the
provincial eleetion. Good platform speaker with a fund of
Scotch "jokes."
W. J. Holdom for Councillor,
Ward 4. Arrived at Winnipeg
from London in 1908 and on to
1'-. C. in 1910 Took a large part
the development of North
B lrnaby and well known for community effort in that district.
Was councillor for the ward in
1916 to the satisfaction of thc
residents. Was active in the labor
political movement, in England,
boing secretary of the mile-end
branch of the Social Democratic
Federation. Whilst working affile respective callings was mom
bor of mail carriers' and painters'
unions. Always a steady supporter and workor for the Federated Labor Party at all elections.
C. B. Oibbs for Councillor,
Ward 5. Born in London, England, and eame to Winnipeg in
account of thc economical and
efficient completion of the schools.
Member from the first of Southwest Burnaby Ratepayers' Association. President of Nelson Avenue Parent-Teachers' Association. .Member of Federated Labor Party for some years. Advocates town planning and placing
of public utilities, snch as water-
rank. Returning to B. C, became
an active worker for the establishment of a Dominion labor
party, which finally camo into
being under the name of Canadian Labor Party. Has been an
active worker in the Federated
Labor Party, beinu secretory of
tho East Burnaby branch. Was
campaign  yianager  fn.  the sue-
to B. C, and has actively assisted
the Federated Labor Party at
previous elections in Burnaby
covering a period of 12 years.
Has contested this ward previous*
lv. Is president of North Burnaby
branch of F. L. P.
J. Brown for Councillor, Ward
6.   Resident ond ratepayer in the
(Continued on pnse 1)
i '"THE present system considers that a man's property has more
I, -I rights than the man himself. One man in this city, by virtue
of property qualifications which he possessed was enabled to vote
f something like twenty-one times. The ordinary man could vote
but once. What chance have we to bring about the many-needed
reforms so long as men, so encumbered with this world's possessions,
can voto so often. Twenty-one men could not off-set their influence. Such a system! Could anything bc more disgraceful in a
so-called Christian civilization? Wo have always been taught—
and arc yet being taught—to fight for our country, bnt we never
seem to think that it is about time that we were learning to fight
1 for ourselves.   Let us start right now.
Vote labor in Burnaby and South Vancourer. These two districts are very well organized. Let us put labor into power here.
Other districts will soon follow onr load,
What the Labor Party Stands For:
Public ownership of iwhllc
lte ven uc - itrotluuiilg public
nt Hides lo be seir-siip|H>jt-
Abolition   of   properly   ijuall-
I'leiniiiii- I'or en tul Ida (es.
1/4'vy of one mill Mix lor
school  purposo*  io obviiile
O|i|)osilion io nil forms of
improvement tnx.
Abolition nf con.met work
anil substitution of tiny
labor wherever possible.
Contracts. If used, to specify right-hour  dny,  forlj-
four-hoar week, and anion
I'l-SKlliR of school  bylaw.
Ketetilion of certain tax sale
lands for park nnd school
purposes to avoid purchase
at high prices.
Abolition of hiirrowln» from
More permanent road work
(o be done.
{{eduction   of   16%   penalty
on unpaid  taxes.
Chairman of council to bc
chosen by Ihem instead ut
an elected reeve.
•ftcnernl t o w n-p I a n u I n g
J. P. Dickson, Labor Candidate for Reeve of Burnaby
T EVY of onc milj tax for school purposes. The present method of
*■' paying for the erection of school buildings is by far the most
extravagant and erratic method of submitting bylaws for tho issue
of debentures. The result of this is that considerably more than
the amount borrowed has to bc paid back in interest, compound
interest and sinking funds. Thc present position in Burnaby ia
that the amount to pay interesting and sinking fund is borrowed
a second time from the banjc, thus creating the present huge "overdraft wliich is crippling municipal effort, Compound interest is
again compounded, but thc financial position is excellent, we are
told. The school act provides for a levy of one mill, but it is
optional and not compulsory, hence past councils have omitted to
take advantage of tho method and so save the burden. The alternative method would provide a fund steadily increasing at compound
interest until needed—borrowing and hasty building schemes could
bo obviated.
Opposition to All Forms of Improvement Tax- In the announcements of the bylaws to be submitted to the people at this election
thore is every indication that the present administration intends to
tax improvements but fears to say so outright. This would place
an increased burden upon the homes of the citizens for the proteb-
tion of the speculators who will bo conveyed from Vancouver and
New Westminster by the dozen to oppose the wishes of the
inhabitants. There are other methods of taxing commercial concerns
on tho basis of profits earned.
Passing of School Bylaw. Every effort should be made to provide necessary accommodation and keep pace with the population.
A year's delay is not easily caught up, injury physical and mental
may be done to those deprived of proper environment and the
municipality might find itself in the position of cities who
hnve failed to act in time.   Keep faith with the young.
Retention of Tax Sale Lands. The municipality is overloaded
with land which at present is unsaleable. It is suggested that a
few acres in each ward bc set aside permanently for future municipal needs—parks, school sites, fire and police quarters, new municipal offices and many services will need land within the next few
years. Already those are being purchased at high prices. The
reduction of the amount of land for Bale will increase the value
of tho remainder. Not a city in thc world has sufficient open
space for recreation. In view of thc increase of motor traffic and
necessary road widening all lands bordering on main roads should
be held.
-Permanent Road Work. The bulk of municipal road work done
at present is patching up roadB which aro little better than tracks.
Heavy trucks or autos in a few minutes destroy the work of days.
The patchwork is undone almost at onco. All expenditure of this
nature is waste and should be reduced to a minimum. Roads once
made permanent require little attention.
Reduction of 16% Penalty. A man out of work and unable to
pay his taxes, finds himself twelve months later compelled to pay
15% penalty and 8% interest, which equals 23% in all. This is
not only usury and intolerable injustice, but is very doubtful law.
With all their faults the courts of recent years have from time to
time refused to allow tho collection of exorbitant interest and an
appeal tb the highest court would probably declare the impost
Council to Sleet Chairman. The fact that the reeve of a municipality is 'the nearest thing we have to a despotic ruler in British
jurisdiction is perhaps not in itself sufficient reason to abolish the
office. It may bo pointed out that in parliaments as in school
boards and in practically every governing body, the elocted choose
their own chairman. The advantage of 'this is that the best man
is likely to be chosen. Furthermore, in the event of several men
of capacity contesting for reeve the defeated num arc lost to the
service of the community and thc most effective opposition is lacking. Past experience has proved that thc power of the office has
overcome thc mental and moral equipment of tho holder. What in
tin. first plnco was merely ignorance and lack of breeding lms
developed into sheer inanity.
Oeneral Town Planning. The neglect »( this wise precaution
is obvious. Real estate developers gave a stray lot in the wilds for
tho asking—then a ery was set up ttsf roads, sidewalks, lighting
and water to help not thc unfortunate family, but the sale of the
subdivision. The municipality therefore has had to try and render
impossible .service over its vast area instead of providing the
necessaries I'or n planned area. Money would be saved even now
by buying out the settlors in the bush and giving them land in
settled districts, al the same time informing futiiiM incomers that
outsido certain limits no assistance could be givon and at the snme
time vory litlo tax assessed. Town planning schemes now advocated
merely restrict lho conduct nf certain businesses—actual planning
is not yol in sight.
PIIH GOVERNMENT, through the medium of our dnily press,
would linvo tin* public believo thai thoy wero about lo do
something for llic unfortunates who today arc unable to find
employment. It has boon publishod in lho dnily press lhal there nro
in Vancouver something like 3,800 unemployed, Tliis includes
both singlo nml marriod men. Whnt hns the govornment actually
dono? One thing Ihey hiJve done, nnd thoy linvo done it well;
thoy have bluffed lhe genernl public in perfect stylo. Tho unemployed, thoy know better!
On January 3rd, at the Powell street burenu, the govornmont
employment agency, some 2!) men were chosen to go out to the
University site to work at the enormous wage of $2 per day. Of
course, that is not all that they did. They sent out again on
January (Mb another lot of 30 men at a similar wngo. At the rate
of 30 men per diem it will take tho government something like
four to five months to place all the men who are at present out
of work. What an efficient govornment we have nt our disposal.
Suoh  hypocrisy!
The govornmont will, doubtless, continue lo bluff nlong ns they
arc doing—or rathor not doing—until a few camps open up. Then
they will discontinue their efforts, stating that there will bo no
furthor need for relief. How men can be played with, ns those
unfortunate men are today boing played with, almost passes all
human understanding. Wniting dny after dny for a job that never
comes tlieir way. Waiting—in ft land of plenty nnd to spare-
In tho hope that thoy niight be able to earn something for themselves nud their dependents, Whnt a scone! Thirty men oalled.
All supplied in about four minutes, Yet some have the impertinence
Ito sny thnt those men do not want work; that Ihey would not take
it if they could get it. The very least that any govornmon. oan
do is to see that every mnn and woman in the country should have
work. Labor claims that "human rights should come nhcad of
proporty rights." Let us elect labor men to represent us. Their
aim is to bettor the lot of men and women.    What else really
matters?     VOTE LABOR
(Conllnuod on nan 4) pAf"*P TWO
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
BoiIm-m and Editorial OIlLeo. 1129 Howw St
Tin. jiuhvy ot The B. C- Federationist ih
•on trull nl by the editorial .muni of the Federated Lahur I'arty of Britlah Coiumhia.
SubbcniHiun Katu: United Statea and Foreign, -..mm per year; Canada, $2.50 tier
year, $1.60 for six wombs; tu Unions sub-
acriliiiiK in a body, 16a per member per
The   Federationist   is  on aale at  the  foi'
lowing newa Biunda:
E. J. OALLOWAY 940 Granville Straet
  1071 Oranvlll* Street
P. 0. NEWS STAND 326 OranvUlt Street
JOHN OBEEN  265 Oarxell Street
 Cor. Hastings and Columbia Avenue
 Cor. Carrall and Hastlngi Streets
 13i  Hastings Street East
 136 Hastings  Street East
 103 Hastings Street West
 Cor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
W. H. ARMSTRONG 2402 Main Street
BEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP 421 Oranvllle
BOULT'S BOOK STOBE....S13'/a Gambia St.
 909 Oeorgia Street Weet
 648 Oeorgia Street
PBOCHNAU & OATES....169 Broadway East
P, TURNER   815 Main Street
B. A. WEBSTEB 6993 Fraser Street
SHOEMAKER & McLEAN....6 Lonsdale Ave.
A. MUNGEAM 764 Columbia Street
DEPOT NEW STAND Interurban Depot
DAN MACKENZIE Columbia Street
 Oor. Yates and Government
HOUSE SHOE STAND..1223 Government St.
W. LEVY 644 Yatei Street
T. A. BABNABD 63 Commercial Street
W. H. DENHAM News Stand
._ nu4 Eighth Ave. W.„ Calgary
 109 Eighth Ave. W., Oalgary
 808 Centre Street, Calgary
 304 First Street W., Oalgary
 126a Eighth Ave. E., Oalgary
  810 Second Street E., Calgary
LAYCOCK 8TOBE8 LTD Swift Current
within It, needs courage. We need
the courage of our forefathers who
were pioneers In this great land, and
who wore not afraid of hardships and
not afraid to make sacrifices. We
peed men and women who are willing to go out and blaze the trail for
the generations that are to follow.
Wo noed whut the editor of thc Sun
stated that • we needed in a recent
editorial, "the. new Canadianlsm,
based on the pioneering spirit, big
enough to set up a national economic
policy that will involve the preservation of Canadian resources for Canadians." Labor has been sav'ng tnat
fiir yea's, She has been flghtni*. fi*r
that—and the Sun lias never yet been
on   btor side.
When onr peoplo huve courago
enough to develop Lhe new economic
policy (socialism), whieh will Involve
tlio preservation oT our national resources for the good of our people
rather than for making a fow American and British—and evon Canadian
(—.financiers just a little richer, then
we will he on our way to permanent
poaco and happlne'ss in Canada—and
not until then. Let us, during the
coming year, awaken out of our state
of lethargy and indifference and do
our hit, so that socialism may be
much neater at the end of 1925 than
It was at the end of 1024. It is uttei
folly and a most futile policy to expect others to emancipate us when
wo refuse to bring it about ourselves.
only two plainly when one of lta
most powerful members and seemingly most enthusiastic supporters can
utterly refuse to have anything to do
with It, when true justice might, or
rather would, endanger its dividends.
The working classes who fight the
capitalists' wars can never feel sure
of peaco until they have control of
those factors which are the root
cause of war. That is to say, they
will never bo sure of peace until the
land and the natural resources of the
various countries and the distributing
agencies aro owned by thoso who
produce the necessities of life and
all  the woalth  of the world.
FRIDAY January   9,   1925.
TT is only natural at this, the commencement of another yoar, that
we should stop and take stock of
ourselves—of what we havo accomplished in the year that has just gone,
and of what we are prepared to do
during the coming year. The year
of giace, 1925! We sincerely hope,
at least, that it will not be a year
of disgrace. When, however, we read
our dally press and note therein the
evident signs of discontent the world
over, though more particularly ln
Europe, v.e aro prone to believe that
the latter state will abound, rather
than the first,
Canada has within her borders
some wonderful natural resources,
She has a rugged, hardy manhood
and womanhood, longing, not alone
to assist themsolves, but to bo of
service in developing this country and
making it a country worthy of the
world's best citizens of every nation.
Unfortunately, however, Canada is
being crushed betwoen two huge millstones, the so-called financial geniuses of Great Britain on the ono hand
and of the United Stntes on the other.
To them nothing counts othor than
profits. The life, the comfort and
happiness of the citizens of thlh dominion 'means nothing to them. The
fact Is that the harder thoy can drivo
our people and make them nothing
less than slaves to do their bidding,
the more successful they feol they
hnve tieon, and the more—in their
estimation—have they done for ilio
country. Tho future of Canada today
looks Indeed gloomy. Ho long as 11
is goln*,' lo be governed by men ond
women—ns, in our estimation, tt Is
being governed today—who have no
concern with the wolfare of Its people
whatever, but who are. on the othor
hand, concerned only with what they
can got out of the country, or Its
slavos—for we are nothing moro or
less today than slaves—there «■> little
hope for the average citizen ot this
country during the coming year.
Wo may talk as we like about
having inherited great traditions, of
developing a national philosophy oi
religion thnt wll! never save Canada.
The only thing that will save Canada
will bo for her people to rlso up in
rebellion against this system of oppression under which wo are forced
to live today, it is a systom that is
based upon profits, comforts, luxuries
and idleness for the few at thu ox
pense of the many men and women
who havo lo slave and drudge all the
way through life, who novor have
had, and nevor will have, any chance
to botter their conditions so long ah
our present capitalist system lias existed, or so long as It continues to
exist. All this cither talk h puro and
unadulterated "tommy-rot." It servos
only to distract the minds of the
masses off their misery by arousing
within their souls  false hopes.
We need courage. Tho labor movement,   nnd   every   man   and   woman
PREMIER OLIVER, apparently felt
that hu should say something to
tho people at this season of the year,
hence he sends his "greetings." The
unemployed, of course, ure "fed up"
on greetings, even from "Honest
John," They have noticed, no doubt,
that ho admitted their aliment—that
of being unemployed—was due to the
seasons. That will be a shock to
many who have always claimed that
such unemployment was due to pure
and unadulterated cussedness on the
part of the "ne'er-do-wells," and had
nothing to do with the seasons. And
all this in spite of "the steady increase in industrial and commercial
development during the past three
years." May God help us, If thia
development over becomes stationary,
We have all been listening to this
piffle and twaddle for some years
now. It is about time wo faced the
realities. Talk about capital loosening up for industrial and commercial
expansion! How can capital get loose
that is tied up in our national debt
and used in paying Interest on the
$2,400,000,000.00 debt of our dominion, and the forty or so millions due
by our own province of British Columbia to our financial mongers: and
besides this we have to pay interest
on our city's indebtedness, on our
private mortgages, pay our poll tax,
and on top of this meet our living
expenses. There's a limit, and we've
reached it, and "Honest John" and
his governmont lias been no small
factor In helping us along to this
unfortunate state. No, John, "greetings" are not auffHcent! We need
men and women nt the head of our
government who have not only honesty, but Intelligence and foresight as
well. It will be a decided innovation,
'THE othor day a report was current
for a short time that Miss Marjory Hyndman, a school teacher at
Hudson Hope, in northern British
Columbia, had perished. Fortunately
for herself and hor anxious parents,
Miss Hyndman reached safety.
Tho incident, however, caused ns to
ask, why attempt to settle such a
God-forsaken country when we have
so much land much nearer civilization? It would appear much moro
sensible for us to develop such ar-
rable lands as we havo near at hand,
and utilize them for the good of
our people than to allow them to bo
beid by speculators who have no
concern for any person or anything
save profits, as we are doing today.
It ls appalling to think of our
young girls having to go away up to
this forlorn country to teach a few
children who should never have been
there and would never have been
there were it not for the fact that
their parents have been forced to go
there in search of a livelihood, sine*
their birthright has been stolen from
them by speculators who, like the
dog in the manger, do not utilize the
lands they control nor will they allow
others to utilize It unles they are
permitted to make a huge profit ouv
of the transaction—and this in spite
of the fact that the land originally
belonged  to all,
When wo come to our proper
senses, the editor of the Vancouver
Sun notwithstanding, we will develop
alt our lands scientifically and methodically, developing as we go along
and not in the haphazard and wasteful manner that we ore doing today
Then it would not be necessary to
build expensive railroads to satisfy
the needs of a few unfortuante creatures who have been driven away
from ciTilization by selfish specu-
over eoes the whole fabric. Troible
came, acutely, just as Boon as the
Baldwin government came Into
power; in Ireland, in Egypt, in India;
questions serious enough, of broad
import enough to be of world interest, but, no, Britain would have none
of it; "this is purely domestic matter
and Britain brooks no interference,"
and so, especially in the case of
Egypt, a further irritation is set up
and Britain scores, not in respect
gained, not in tlio self-consciousness
of an action taken for the world's
good; but a brilliant commercial success has been achieved and another
scalp added and capital triumphs.
Wc have not heard tho hist of it,
though. The Egyptian peasants will
one day refuso to be machines to
slave for British dividends.
There is one hopo. Another,
stronger, juster, honestor tribunal
must arise that will function for thc
peoples of the world and not for a
selfish interested class which dominates nnd cont. ois the goods, food
and wealth of tho earth.
Wo need men of tho calibre of the
late E. D. Morel, and lots of them,
in all countries to constantly koep up
the international spirit among the
workers of the world, to strive for
identity in aims and actions, with
their councils in tho closest relations,
and so raise to power such a tribunal
that will combat and restrain wild
and dangerous actions of capitalist
Socialism Is moving forward splendidly, but do not let us bo lulled with
solf-complacency by what has been
done, to abate by one jot the militant course needed. Reactionary
powers are striving to get even and
crush down what we have won. Can
thero be a sadder picturo than unfortunate Italy these- opening days of
1025, and Britnln has her Fascisti,
and we have rumors here of strange
movements, undercurrents that are
certainly not in the interests of the
people nor the advancement of the
socialist ideal.
FRIDAY January   9,   1985.
Comprehensive Review of Agricultural Conditions Existing
in Canada
Illimitable Acres of Fertile Soils
Able to Produce AU
Our Needs
[Note—Following is the third of a
series of six articles which will appear from time to time in The Federationist on the farming situation
existing in Canada.—Ed.]
[By G. F. Stirling.]
1V/IR. JUSTICE MURPHY In an address that must huvo been very
Interesting to some of his hearers,
told tho Klwanls Club that the hope
of peace lies In the League of Nations. So we all thought for a while,
but some of us don't think so any
more. Rather we would say that the
hope of tho capitalists lies in the
Loaguo of Nations, which, after all,
Is only a body representative of tho
banker-rulors of the world. One may
be quite suro that no man who did
not represent their intorests would hi*
allowed to sit In that august council.
The .fact of the matter Is, the
League of Nations Is only the outcome of desperate attempts to keop
what bas boon obtained by the Inw
of grali, and tho master-class Is realizing that on-opcrntlon and federation are the best means to employ,
As has been said so often bofore,
nationality really means as littlo to
the ruling class as It does to the
so-called  "rod  Internationalist,"
Mr. Justice Murphy urges intelligent mea to study world conditions
and by trying to bring about a better
understanding, secure peace. But
what Is the use of that whiie thoso
whom the "Intelligent" mon have put
Into powor pass fool legislation, such
as the anti-Orieiitiil insults which
make for war. And yet there is no
Intention on the part of the government to enforce such legislation. For
capital objects to no color. So long
as the human machinery Is cheap
and plentiful, race prejudices count
fer nothing, save that they are cures
fur discontent, or rather class consciousness, Thoy servo to side-track
tho workers; to gull them Into the
belief that Iheir quarrel Is with their
colored brethren rather than with
those who exploit them both. On
the whole, It is possible that tlio real
rulers of Canada wonld bo vory sorry
to seo tbe unorganized yellow workors depart.
How tho hopo of peace can possibly Ho In a Leaguo of Capitalists of
thp Nations passes one's understanding;, Tho Leaguo of Nations is but a
talb whose mythical character Is seen
World and doing things, whilst
we, in comparison, are ln the elemen
tary stage of just realizing a bit (very
little, with some) that much has to
be done.
In France, the government has
taken a hand in things to remedy
the high prices that bread has scared
to, due almost entirely to the speculation which has heen rampant in
tho grain and flour trades. At the
end of November the French chamber adopted a proposal to placo at
the disposal of the ministry 150,000,-
000 francs to create a permanent
stock of wheat, thereby having a
weapon to counteract speculative
manipulation. The reasoning being,
that lf the government Is in a position to throw on the' home market
wheat to such an amount for bread
making purposes, speculation by bouI-
less gamblers ln the people's needs
will be limited. Good luck, monsieur!
In England the price of the four-
pound loaf Is ugaln raised and there
Is widespread agitation being aroused
among the people, who are justly
blaming Chicago and Winnipeg speculators for the Increases, and government Is urged to find some means,
at once, for dominating the wheat
markets in order to do away with
the scandalous manipulation of prices.
Now, mark this—
Propositions that have been made
by socialists are now being discussed,
and the royal commission considering
the whole quostion of the wheat supplies aud reserves of Britain have to
hoar witness after witnoss give evidence practically supporting socialistic schemes to deal with the situation!
Forces are swiftly moving demanding a halt in this devilish gambling
In tlie people's food, which must ultimately result In the world's administrative governments or boards handling ail food supplies for the peoples' needs, not for profit of tho selfish few who control tho world's
TT WERE BETTER to accept once
for all tho utter failure of the
league as a practical working tribunal to function as it was Intended.
There were hopes; but since the advent of the capitalist party to power
in Britain tho last hope is gone, and
we have now a grizzly corpse mocking thc failure of tho efforts of those
that  tried   and   hoped,
We will not dwell on the Indictment
already delivered against the United
Statos; With thon) rested the power
lo help to success this dream of lho
harmonious working of a responsible
body handling nil difficulties and
stopping forovor chances of more
wnr si.
Britain—blundering, foolish, solflsh
old Britain, gives tho flnnl shove and
Legal Aspects—Po'icy of league
to Disseminate Knowledge
in Its Platform
League Determined That Question Must Be Given Dignified
and Ethical Position
IT HAS been claimed that the advocates of "birth control" desire
freedom, under the law, to disseminate knowledge of contraceptive
mothods without any restriction what
soever. This is a wilful or ignorant
perversion of the truth. The policy
of tho Birth Control League in regard to Dominion legislation as well
as provincial statutes is summed up in
a plank of ita platform, which reads
as follows:
"Hygienic and physiological Instruction by the medical profession
to mothers and potential mothers In
harmless and reliable methods of
birth control in answer to their requests for such knowledge"
The fight to alter blue laws In tho
U. S. A. which placed birth control
principles under the heading "obscene" was commenced in 1914 by
Margaret Sanger. Her magazine,
The Woman Robel, was forbidden the
mails and she was indicted under
section 211 of the federal statutes.
Owing to pressure brought to bear
by leading men and women, the case
was dismissed. Again, In 1916, Mrs.
Sanger challenged the law by opening, in Brooklyn, a birth control
clinic. She was arrested and her
sentence affirmed by the supreme
court, although the presiding judge
upheld the right of physicians under
soction 1145 to "give birth control
advico and prescriptions to married
people for the euro or prevention of
In 1923 a birth control bill was
drawn up by Mr. J. J. Chamberlain
of tho Columbia law school, and introduced Into the New York legislature. The bill wos killed in committee, although petitions ln its favor
were Blgned by over 700 New York
state physicians and nearly 00,000
voters. For some time aftorwards no
assemblyman was found brave enough
to introduco anothor bill ln face of
the opposition of the Roman hierarchy. But, nt the presont moment,
there Is a new bill before the assembly which roads as follows:
"Section 1145; Physicians' Instrument.—An article or Instrument, used
or applied by physicians lawfully
practising, or by their direction or
prescription, for the contraceptive
treatment of married porsons or for
the cure or prevention of disease, Is
not an article of indecent or immoral
nature or use within this article. The
supplying of such articles to such
physicians or by their direction or
prescription is not an offense undor
this article."
Thero, at present, the matter
stands in New York state. In other
stales, with the exception of nine,
thoro still remain legislative restrictions in regard to the giving of contraceptive Information by physicians.
In the majority of state, printed
oral Instructions In regard to birth
control comes under these statutes
dealing with "Obscenity." In other
words, "sox Is still In the gutter" in
the trreoter part of America.
What Is the condition confronting
the Canadian public? Section 207 (fl)
A NOTHER very common and very
plausible argument is put forward
lhat our troubles are due to periodic
over-production. That Is to say, in
plain English, thnt we lack sufficient
food and clothing and shelter because
wo have produced too much.
Babies are dying of malnutrition
because we have unfortunately produced too much milk and honey. The
shoe factories and the clothing factories must close down for a period
because the markets are glulted and
we have produced too much clothing. Luscious fruits go to rot in our
orchards each year because we have
produced too much of somo variety
or othor. To put this argument forward to persons of average intelligence is to insult their intelligence.
It is an argument of equal value to
the previous one on the need or
greator population; that is to say, it
is of no value at all.
How can there be over-production
and poverty at the same time?
Imagine any peoplo whining about
having produced too much of any of
the good things of life. There have
been times of famjne where there
has been great under-production, but
never in the history of tho world has
there boon loo much of anything.
Does the reader knew of any case
where somo poor unfortunate has
been suffering by being Inundated
With too much food or too much
clothing or too much furniture, or
musical instruments or motor cars,
or books or paintings, or blankets,
or dishes, or cutlery, or anything
that tends to bring comfort and happiness to mankind?
Whnt Is the meaning of this cry
of glutted markets and over-production? Simply this, that the purchasing power of the people is not great
enough. In othor words, the total
roturns to the farming community,
and the total wages of the industrial
workers, and the total salaries cf the
professional classes, all added together,   have  not   been   sufficient   to
of tho criminal codo reads as follows
"Everyone Is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to two years'
Imprisonment who knowingly, without lawful justification or excuse, offers to sell, advertises, publishes nn
advertisement of, or has for sale or
disposal any means or instructions
or any medicine, drug or article intended or represented as a means of
preventing conception or ot causing
abortion or miscarriage."
A further extension of the section
states that no one shall be convicted
under the act if he proves "that the
public good was served by the acts
alleged.'1 Note, however, that the
court ls left to decide as to whether
the public welfare was served by tho
defendant under this statute. The
lower courts, facing a statute which,
In the light of the Middle Ages,
places contraception in the same class
as abortion, will hardly adjudge ln
favor of contraceptive practices, no
matter how hygienic or pathologically sound. The fact remains also that
tho act, in placing birth control information under the section and
chapter dealing with obscenities, proclaims the fact that Canada ts still
under the dark shadow of a theology
which looked upon sex as an unclean
thing, which looked upon man "as
a worm of the dust"—"born in sin
and conceived in iniquity."
Two things are demanded by the
enlightened intelligence of tho^e who
favor birth control: First, the mailing, delivering, selling or having for
sale or disposal, contraceptive information or materials, as between lawfully practicing physicians, licensed
druggists or Importers or exporters
or manufacturers of such printed
matter or appliances, must be permitted, nnd section 207 amended to
delete the clause above mentioned.
Secondly, the establishment of birth
control clinics by the state, in charge
of specially qualified physicians, must
be speedily effected.
The Canadian league has set Itself
against the indiscriminate dissemination of birth control information, but
has resolutely determined that the
question must be given a dignified
and ethical position. Moreover, its
practice must be undertaken scientifically by the medical profession.
Camp Cooks Organizing
F, W. Bond, International organizer for the Hotel and Restaurant
Employees' and Soft Drink Dispensers' union, is in the city, He says
he is moeting with success in his efforts to organize tho camp cooks of
British Columbia.
Industry is made for man. nnd not
man for industry, and if industry fs
not serving mankind thero is something vitally wrong with industry.—
Miss Margaret Bondfleld.
We think our civilization nonr Its
meridian: but wo nro yot only at the
cock-crowing and the morning Btftr.
purchase all the good things that
ft'e have produced. Yet some people
would like to reduce wages, and
think they see in that the salvation
of Industry.
If the total production of the country be represented by one hundred
millions, and the total returns and
wages and salaries be sixty millions,
we would have forty millions of a
surplus, part of which would no doubt
be exported to pay interest on bor-
rowe dcapital, and part would be
exported to exchango for foreign
goods. We would then still have a
surplus equal to the foreign goods
Imported. The people havo not sufficient money to purchase this, no
matter how much they need it, so
there must be either a waste of perishable commodities like fruit and
vegetables, and flsh, etc., or an accumulation of other commodities like
shoos and clothing and furniture.
This accumulations oT commoditio
which th epeople cannot purchase,,
In the course of timo will cause a
slowing down of industry, a closing
of factories and mines until the effective demand begins again. This is
called over-production, but it Is plain
to see that It Is under-consumption
duo to an insufficient purchasing
power of tho people. In othor words,
wages, salaries and agricultural roturns are too low.
If total production bo represented
by one hundred millions, and wages,
salaries and returns be raised to seventy millions, there would be more
prosperity. If wages aro reduced to
fifty millions there would be correspondingly less prosperity. Yet we
have heard farmers arguing against
high wagos. The trouble with agriculture does not lie in the fact that
wages are too high. Farmers cannot
pay low wages; they cannot pay
Chinaman's wages. They cannot pay
any wages at all, and have a decent
wage left  for  themselves.
This is a fault in the organization
of agriculture. No other industry
would continue if it could not pay
current wages. It would not grouse
about the current wages being too
high; it would simply close the doors.
If a man can earn ?4 a day working
8 hours in the city, it would be demoralizing to the agricultural industry to expect him to work for $3
per day of perhaps 14 hours.
Aslong as wages are competitive
farmers must pay tho current wages,
They cannot pay the current wages
under the present organization of agriculture. It follows, therefore, that
they must either go out of business
or have a different system ot production and distribution. The production of food and the wages of
those engaged In it are entitled to be
placed upon the same footing as the
production of shoes, of clothing, or
anything else that society domands.
Every other industry has its organization of masters and its organization of employees. Doctors combine, lawyers combine, retail merchants combine, manufacturers have
gentlemen's agreements, shoeblacks
combine, barbers combine, railroad
workers combine, but Mr. Farmer
plows hfs lonely furrow, He has no
economic union, and the result Is he
is ensy plucking for every Tom, Dick
and Harry that gets his fingers on
his product.
The purchasing power of the people must be Increased to do away
with this so-called over-production,
and that moans the farmers of Canada must get behind tho industrial
workers in this country, as farmers
and labor are Joining their forces in
the United States.
Over-production Is an excuse, or,
worse still, It Is a He.
(To be continued.)
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Women's and Misses'
Better Grade
Cloth Dresses
Half Price
npHE offering includes the
**■ entire stock of cloth
dresses on the third floor,
consisting of trlcotines, poi-
ret twills and wool crepes,
in navy, black, brown or
grey. A fine collection to
choose from; many smart
Originally $49.60 for $2-1.75
Originally $59.50 for $'20,75
Originally $69.50 for $34.75
Originally $79.50 for $30.50
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
IP you aro lookiiig for bargains such ob
woro nevor known boforo in Vancou*
vor, you'll find thom now at this gl-
nar.tfi) sale. Whatever your needa, from
a fur coat to a pair nf hono, ynu can
gel it now at a tremendous reduction.
OUS   StUT Co. Ltd.
61.623  Hastings   Strwt Welt
Vancouver Turkish Baths
WUl cun your Rheumatlaro, Lumbago,
Neuritis or Ba
Mass- n_ a 8*nnH«V'
PACIFIC buii.jmm;
744 Hastings St. W. *fti'<n* Sey   n?o
Phone Sey. 1198. 312 OABBALL ST.
Established  1888
Eyes Tested snd Glasses Fitted br regie*
tered Optometrist
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan  Building
837 Hastings St. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Telephone!: Sermonr 8868 end 6887
'???'. , ■?_???_
[Note—As many enquiries reach
thia offlce from time to time, the editor will reaerve space to deal with
auch matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
HUGH L,—It, Is all a question of
expense, those articles you mention,
and others we should like to Issue in
pamphlet form—and we may do so
later on.   Thanks for appreciation.
UNSATISFIED—Sorry you did not
like the article, but why not come out
and let's know who you are? We
like a signature, net necessarily for
publication. Further, send us a letter. We shall welcome your legitimate criticism, however it may be In
opposition to our viows.
WALTER H.—Dr. Annie Besant,
who is presidont of the Theosophical
society and lots of other societies for
the great causo of humanity, ls expected In Canada this year, and it ls
hoped she will visit Vancouver. We
have access to a copy of her autobiography in which she graphically
recounts her early struggles for socialism, and may be able to give you
somo Information you are looking for.
Write us again.
AULD REEKIE — The banking
method you refer to Is probably that
known as the Kirkintilloch method.
We shall probably deal with this and
other questions relating to socialistic
schemes of banking In future issue.
ST. JOHN—PleapQ send ln lotter
for publication in our correspondence
column.    Very  interested.
J. S. and OTHERS—Regret must
leave over till next issue.
Phoue Seymour 0364
When a Telephone
Is to Be Moved
W/E would appreciate it if
thc   subscriber   would
give us as mucti notice as
possible. '
LI A V It you ever huil a real drink
11 or I'ure Apple Cider during tin
lu.sl lew years?
To meet the d.liree of m«,iy clients,
we hsve Introduced recently i pure clenr
spurring epple elder In pirn b«ttlea,
either pure sweet or government reguln*
tlon 2% herd apple elder. Th.ee ilrlnke
nre absolutely pure tnd free fruin 111
caehtinlr icld gas or preservatives of
en, nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 80.
Older Minufacturoti
1956 OommercUl Dnte, Vucouver, B. 0.
1160 Georgia SttMt
Sunder aervloea, 11 ».n_. end 7i30 p.n.
SuiMUy school immedlitel! fallowing
morning eervice. Wt-dneidey teitlmonikl
mvetitig- 8 p.m. Free reeding room.
90190? Bfrki Bid*.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Ki'flxoiuihle
TIU3 UNION BANK OP CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
-.-<lnllll-.il**.! 511  Yl'lll'H FBI^DAT January   9,   1926.
no, 2       BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
CANADA and U. S. A.
I Union Musicians Employed Exclusively
Premier Wellington
lROO  lba. lump, $9.50
1500   lbs.  eye $9.25
j. d. McNeill coal oo. ltd
324  ABKOTT ST. Sey.  4288
S' BALED TENDERS addressed to tho un-
dursignod will bo rccoivod by tho Council
up to 8 p.m., of Monday, January 12 proximo,   for
3,500   feot     4-inch   water   pipe
80,000   foot     6-inch   water   pipo
6,000   foot     8-inch   water   pipo
750  feot   10-inch   water   pipo
Specifications,   conditions   and   forms   of
tender   may   be   obtained   on   application  to
tho Municipal Engineer on payment of five
dollars   (95.00)   which   will   be returned il
a  bona   /ido   tondor is made.
A dcpLsit by cash or certified cheque of
fivo (5) por cont, of the amount of the
tender must accompany each tendor as security that if called upon tho contractor
will enter into a contract and provide the
required bond.
Tenders must bo marked on tho outside,
"Tender ior Water Pipe." Tho lowest or
any tender not necessarily accpted.
Municipal    Hall,    5851    West   Boulovard,
Vancuuvur,   B.   0.,   Dec.   24,   1924.
Vancouver, B. C,
THE UNDERSIGNED will recoivo separate tenders, marked "Tenders for Eloctrical Supplies,'' up lo 12 o'clock noon,
Wednesday, tho 14th day of January, 1925,
for  tho  supply  ot  lho following:
Lead-covered Itubber-covercd Cable.
Oa.vaniied Conduit,
t)riuiiui-ittu] Cast Iron Standards.
Quantities required and specifications can
be obtained from tho City Electrician, Holdon  Building.
Tho   right   to   accept   or   reject   any   or
ill   tenders  reserved.
Purchasing Agent.
Workers9 Condition
Challenge to Society
Problem of Unemployment and the
Machine Is More Than One
of Mathematics
[By J. A. MacDonald.]
"Hayformers, Hinnlssy, ia in favor
iv   suppressin'   iverythlng,   but   rale
politicians    bellve    In    suppressin'
nawthin'  but Ividence."—Mr. Dooley.
At tho Orpheum
Four of the most famous actresses
in the country are to appear In one
big act at the Orpheum theatre next
week. They are Jennie, Uoxie, Lenu
and Julie, the Powers dancing ele
phanta, which havo been features ol
the New York Hippodrome since Its
opening day. These are the most
valuable elephants in America. They
are officially valued at $-260,000, but
they uro not for sale at any prico.
They aro unique, the product of years
and yenrs of education. The war
scene, tlie barber shop scene and the
baseball scene, ln which Power's elephants are letter- perfect, are veritable masterpieces of animal training.
Paul Gerard Smith lias written another masterpiece called "The Lucky
Stiff," which la serving for a starring vehicle for Dave Ferguson, one
of the bost sketches he has evor appeared in. It was staged by Alan
Brooks. The eminent European concert violinist, Bruno Stelnbach, is In
America for a short concert tour in
vaudeville. > Hia tour includes this
city, and hia wonderful mastery of
the piano will be much enjoyed by
music lovers who hoar him. Lew
I {rice cf the hairpin physique and
remarkable dancing Is buck in vaudeville after a fling at tho movies, In
which this comic proved most adept.
Tho Three Orontes offer a balancing
routine that Is nothing short of amazing. Aesop's Fables, Topics of the
Day, tho Orpheum Concert Orchestra and two other big novelty nets
make up a very attractive programme.
In difficulty alone docs the nobility
of great souls prove Itself.—Schiller.
Vancouver Unions
Meets second Mondiy In the month.    Pnsldent. J. R. Whito; secretary,  R. II. Nasi*
ands   P   O   Boi flfl.	
819 Pender St. West—Business meetinga
•Tory    Wednesday    evening.      A.    Uaolniii,
chairman; E. H. Morrison, ■eo.-trru.; Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1183 Parker Street. Vancouver,
B. C. cnrrpspondini secretary.
Any district in Britiih Columbia deilrlng
Information re securing ipeikera or the for-
wm inn of l"C*l branches, kindly communicate
with Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
(24 Blrka Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0, Tel*-
phone Srymnur 1832. or Fairmont IMS.
■econd Thursday every month In Holdon
Building. President, J. Brljrhtwell; flnaiclil
secretary, H. A. Bowron, 820—llth Avenue
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilder! ind Helpers of America. Local 194—Meetings flrst
and third Mondays In each month In Holden
Building. President, P. Willis; secreUry, A.
Fraser.   Offlco hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 8
and third Fridays In eaeh montb, at 446
Richards Street. President, David Cuthlll,
2882 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
806 Holden Bldg. President, Charles Price;
business agent and financial secretary, F. L,
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
UNION, Looal 145, A. F. of M.—Meots In
O.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E. O.
Miller, 991 Nolson Straet; secretary, E. A.
Jnmioson, 991 Nelson Street; financial aeoretary, W. E. Williams, 091 NeUon Btreet;
organlsor,  g, Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street,
ATION—Moets at 1)91 Nel-vin Street, at 11
a.m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sunday of tho month. Prosldent, Harry Pearson,
091 Nelson Street; Secretary, E. A. Jamleson,   91)1  Nelson Street; Businoss Agont, F.
Fletcher, 991   Nelson St.	
dont, It. P. Petiipiece; vlco-pn-xidont. C,
P. Campbell; secrotary-trcasuror, R. II, Ni-o-
lands, P. O. Box 08. Meets last [Sunday of
ench month at 2 p.m. In Holdon Building, 18
■  Hastlnga Street East.	
UNION, No. 41B—President, 8. D. Mao-
dotlftld, secretary-treasurer, .1. M. Campbell,
P. O. Boi 089. Meets last Thursday of each
Writers nna Unemployment
A SCIENCE of living in this world
"^ would be moro important than a
science of other worlds. Yet man has
plotted the worlds that fill the immensity of space, learned their composition, determined their distances
and their movements. With cold
precision we can ascertain when a
comet is next to be visible to our
world, but not when the next panic
is to occur.
When we deal with astronomy we
find ascertained, correlated facts, but
the writings cf many of the economists are a mass of conjectures, farfetched theories, vague inferences,
with the basic facts of our industrial
life safely disregarded. This condition can be understood when we realize that no professor of astrology Is
ever discharged for any theory he
may hold. He ls free to give every
fact he has in regard to Interstellar
space. He Is free to be a scientist.
But professors of economics are
themselves thrown into the army of
the unemployed if their findings do
not conform with the interests of
thoso who control society. In this
department, instead of having society
conform with the findings of science,
science is made to- conform with the
present society. A professor of astronomy must be a scientist, but the
professor of economics can only bo
as scientific as tho ruling opinions
of their mastors will permit them to
be. In the history of American institutions of educations there have
been teachers of economlc8 and sociology who have made the mistake
of believing that the search for truth
Is the object of science, and as a
result they have been forced to ceaso
studying unemployment as an abstraction to study la as an experience.
Being better economists than they
dare to show In their writings, they
often know who supplies their bread
und butter and on what conditiona.
This Is perhaps the reason that although in my youth I looked for humor In the pages of the world's
laugh-makers, I now find more humor In the writings of many of thi
In regard to unemployment, mosi
cf tho economists are In the situation
if the Encyclopedia Brltannica, whicli
ilevotes merely a few paragraph.-.,
worthy of a lingual tight rope per- |
former, to this immense subject. Thl:
authority gives three cures for unem
ployment, one of which they admit
is temporary, tho other two being
lermanent. The temporary cure is
harity, and the permanent cures art
employment offices and unemployed
.'harity Not Cure for Unemployment
Charity ls a cure for the unemployment of a few. It takes a few out
jf the ranks of the unemployed for
a. new industry—the industry of exploiting unemployment without doing
anything to touch this vast industrial
evil. According to statistics, ninety
conts out of each dollar collocted for
churlty goes to this new Industry.
But except in this Ironic sense, charity is not a cure for unemployment.
What charity does at best Is to maintain some of the unemployed in that
shadow land between life and death
through adding the Insult of charity
to the degradation of unemployment.
Sometimes religion ia added to charity, and together they add hypocrisy,
Unemployed men aro converted into
Baptists for breakfast, converted as
Methodists for a dinner of soup, and
converted as Presbyterians for the
light supper that is given as a reward for conversion In aome mission.
Any cure for unemployment must
como through decreasing the number
of unemployed, and charity hns no
such effect.
Employment offices ure not a cure
for unemployment. Thoy can—and
often do—send workers to Jobs that
do not exist. But they cannot make
joba. If unemployment was caused
by a scarcity of men instead of a
scarcity of jobs, employment offices
might bo of benefit.
Unemployed insurance ia not »
cure for unemployment, or there
would not be any unemployed in Englund at the present time. Buch insurance may have its necessity, but
to think that unemployment insurance would decrease unemployment
would be as naive as to think that
life Insurance assured ngainst death.
I looked into the AmeHcanti, and
could find no mention of unemployment. Porhiips the reason was that
"unem" comes just boforo "unit"
alphabetically, snd to give the statistics of unemployment would take
tho edge off the praise of the vast
industrial and growth of wealth of
the United States, which filled many
pages. Readers might bo Inclined to
ask themselves questions in regard
to the Increase In unemployment on
the one hand and of woalth on the
olher, and to wondor if this is renlly
progress nnd civilization at their
What nro the causes of unemploy*
ment and of those periods of depression in which unemployment Is greatest ? In "Crises und Depressions,"
Theodore E, Burton writes:
► "Some writers ascribe these cycles
(of depressions) to physical causes,
notably to spots on the sun. • * *
Professor Jevons has been regarded
as the most prominent advocate of
the sun-spot theory."
Only a professor could handle successfully the long chain of inferences
between spots on the sun and a patch
on the trousers and a vacant spot in
the stomach of a lumberjack in Bangor, Maine, or Seattle, Washington.
Such logic is beyond the powers of a
worker. Aristotle, himself the father
of tho science of logic, would stagger
under the strain. But this at least
has the advantage that it shows nothing can be done to cure unemployment, that no one is to blame for it
—but God.
D. A. Wells says: "All Investigators seem to be agreed that depressions of industry in recent years
havo been experienced with the
greatest severity in those countries where machinery has been most
largely adopted; and least, or not at
all, in those countries and occupations where hand labor and its products have not been materially interfered with or supplanted."
From these two quotations one arrives at the conclusion that there are
more spots on the sun In the countries where machinery has most developed, and that tho sun they havo
in China, India, Turkey and Mexico
ls remarkably free from sun-spots.
We leave this inference to be argued
over by the professor of astronomy
and tho professor of economics.
Causes Given for Unemployment
In one of his reports for the Bureau of Labor Statistica of the state
of Massachusetts, the late Carroll D.
Wright gives nearly five pages of
alleged reasons for depressions suggested to agents of that bureau or
to a committee of the U. S. Congress.
Among these are:
"Withholding the franchise from
"Faulty laws relative to the guardianship of children.
"Want of training of girls for futuro duties.
"The custom of free railroad
"High telegraph rates.
'"lhe use of tobacco.
"The  use of intoxicating liquors."
It is not evident whether the last
still holds, now that bartenders have
uecome bootleggers, that the saloon
is replaced by a pig without vision,
and officers of tho law as blind as
the pig itself. To these reasons could
be added with equal logic the Ein-
jtein theory, the domestication ot
guinea pigs, bobbed hair, the "holy
rollers," Tea Pot Dome, and that
Paul Bunyan and his blue ox are doing all the work.
The causes for depressions given
io the labor bureaus prove if nothing
elso that "every absurdity has its
champion to defend it, for error is
always talkative." The causes of unemployment given by labor bureaus
are often equally, although sometimes not so evidently, frivolous. The
professor of the sun-spot theory
blamed God for unemployment. Many
of tho other writers blame another
creator, Labor. We are told, for instance, that strikes are a cause of
unemployment. Tons of drivel have
been written on this alone. It Is a
favorite theme with many of the
economists, misled themselves or
willing to mislead.
Strikes Do Not Causo Unemployment
Strikes do not cause unemployment.
We will suppose that workers go ou
striko In an industry whero there is
a layoff during the summer months,
such as, for Instance, tho lumber Industry. Of course, they would not
go on strike In the period when unemployment would naturally occur.
We will say that they strike lu January. Tho strike lusts for two months.
They ure Idle for two months, und
from this the conclusion la reached
that the strike adds to unemployment. But the time tho workers lost
lu this way is made up for during
the slack season in tho strike area,
or the work of making up the total
demand of lumber is done in aome
other pnrt of the lumber industry.
By striking, worker smerely choose
when they shall be unemployed, and
when they win thoy work nt higher
wages. Where the workers lose,
scuba nre used to replace them.,
Scabs are not as efficient as the'
workers they replace, so that it will
take more of them to do the work.
Unemployment resulting from the
workers being on strike is made upj
for by the same workers supplying
tho market during the slack season,
by the work being done in some
other territory by an equal number
of workers, or by scabs. In no case
Is the number of workers unemployed during the year Increased.
If there wen- an industry in the
United States or Cnnada where all
the workers were employed steadily
throughout tho year, and into which
with an Increased demand unemployed workers would not come, it might
be suid that strikes causo unemployment. But the fact that there tire
millions of unemployed during the
year, nnd every year, negates unemployment being Increased through
Sickness Does Not CaiifiO I.blentployment
Sickness nnd death take their (iw*
ful toll of the workers.   A lnrge per
centage of the sickness and most of
the deaths at an age when the other
groups In society are in the prime of
manhood, are preventable.
Professor Irving Fisher of Yale,
considering only the money aspect of
this, said: "* * • the loss every year
through preventable deaths and sickness amounts to nearly three billion
Doctor Thomas Darlington, Secretary of the Welfare Committee of the
American Iron and Steel Institute,
which made an investigation In a
number of Industrial towns, com
menting on the findings, said:
"A study of the causes of death
shows that, in general, but four per
cent, die from old age, more die of
violence, and 92 per cent, die of disease. Of this last group neraly one>
half are due to diseases of environ
ment, that is, to diseases that aro
wholly preventable."
To quote from W. Jett Lauck and
Edgar Sydensticker ("Conditions of
Labor in American Industries"—
Funk and Wagnalls):
"In a recent address, President E.
E. Rittenhouse of tho Life Extension
Institute, asserted that tho mortality
records, indicated a marked decline
in the powers of the American work
er to withstand the conditions of
modern life. This was manifest in
tho extraordinary increase in the
death rate from the breaking down
of the heart, arteries, kidneys and
the nervoua system, digestive organs,
which diseases, he stated, are reaching down into middle life and apparently increasing there and at all ages.
Of the 410,000 lives annually destroyed by these 'old age' diseases, he
pointed out, 60,000 occur under the
age of forty; 106,000 occur between
the ages of forty and sixty; 245,000
occur above the age of sixty. Virtually all these liseases, as Mr. Rittenhouse remarked, should come In the
group above sixty years, and theae
owly developed afflictions are not
only reducing tho working, productive period cf life, but also lower the
capacity of (lie individual, and are responsible in large measure for accidents, damaged machines, spoile.l
good, and other costly errors. The
records show, he stated, that in thirty
years the mortality from these liseases has nearly doubled."
Murder of the Innocents
An Investigation of the intant mortality In Johnstown, Pa., conducted
by the Children's Bureau ot the Li.,'
Department of Labor, showed that
the intant mortality of that city,
when divided by wards, was from 50
to 200 per thousand, ln the distinctly working class sections the death
rate was found to be from 156 to
871. This was In 1915. Four times
as many children of workers per
thousand die as of tho children of
the rich.
An investigation of three working
class districts in Cleveland, one typical of the best conditions, one ol
average conditions and the third of
the worst conditions, found that tho
deaths at all ages due to tuberculosis
per thousand were five ln the best
districts where workors live and
thirty-five In tho worst.
(To be contfnued.)
[The opinions and ideas expressed
'iy correspondents are not necessarily
••ndorsed by The Federatloniat, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.J
Spud Tamson's Rejoinder
Editor B. C. Foderationist: Dr. Telford has seen fit to reply to my "Little Article" regarding the attitudo of
The Federatlonist to the C. L. P.
candidates at the recent election. It
ls not my Intention to widen any
broach thero may be in the labor
movement, but the main questions
raised by me have not been dealt
with by Dr. Telford, viz., Why did
advertisements from all the opponents to the labor party, with one
notable exception, appear iu what has
been termed by some, tho best labor
papor in B. C?
If the candidates did not represont
the workers, why did the F. L. P. not
Bay so on nomination dny? Every
opportunity was given thom. And if
the F. It. P. can produce the men
who do represent the workers, why
didn't thoy? Would Forward or the
Labor Lender or tho Herald run ads.
from opponents to labor, with labor
men in the field nominated by a
properly constituted labor body? 1
think not. There ia absolutely no
excuse for that insult to tho Intelligence of tho workers, muny of them
F, L. P.'s, who endorsed the various
One can only wonder whnt la going to happen to tile local labor
movement when "clnss conscious"
workers allow their paper to boost
anti-labor men on the one hnnd nnd
rule that a worker who has made a
Sacrifice, be not allowed to speak in
their moeting on tho other hand. This
happened recently nt an F. L. P,
meeting in Burnaby when a member
of thc socialist party, certainly class
conscious,  waa refused tho floor.
In so far us the lubor candidates
pointing to local conditions is concerned, the platforms of the I. L. P.
during civic elections Is very similar,
and, therefore, the charge of camouflage does  not hold water.
The existing slate or affairs, so far'
nt. B. C. is concerned, cannot bo allowed to drag, the workers must be-,
stir themselves and make decisions
now, without regard to the feelings
of any of tho lenders, If B. ('. Is going
to keep pace with the rest (if the
world in labor affairs. Xour* truly,
Vancouver,  it. C„ Dec SO,   1924.
Statesman, had ln advertisements
from some who were, most certainly,
not labor candidates. We will venture, and we will state that we are
convinced that tho many advertisements that appeared in the "Christmas Bpeclal" were not from firms
who were ardent followers of the
principle of trade unionism. Why
were they there? To make money,
of course. People who live in glass
houses should never throw stones!
So far as the candidates of the
Canadian Labor Party representing
the workers are concerned, well, it is
ancient history as to how the workers voted. That should be sufficient
proof. Not the fact that they were
defeated, but the number of votes
they polled. Far be it from the
Federated Labor Party to claim a
monopoly of the Intelligent and "class
conscious" workers. There are hundreds of exceedingly capable and intelligent working men and women
outside of both these parties. Furthermore, we believe that many of
them will continue to stay out until
these parties demonstrate thoir ability to follow the straight and narrow
path of labor—socialism. j
The Federationist has never boost-1
ed any anti-labor candidate at anyi
time. Advertisements may appear, i
of course, as they have done in the
Labor Statesman. But, frankly, we
aro looking forward to the day when
labor will have a paper that wil] be
entirely free from having to take ad
vertisements. When that time comes
we will be heartily glad. Again we
are amused at the reference to some
socialist not being allowed to speak
at a Federated Labor Party meeting
at Burnaby. Such childishness! The
Federated Labor Party Is only too
glad to have real socialists on their
platform. Arrangements cannot be
upset ad lib. to satisfy the whims and
fancies of everybody—be they socialist or otherwise.
We are absolutely in accord with
the idea of all the workers of B. C.
and elsewhere bestirring themselves
and making decisions; we are anxious,
however, that they do not go off on
some wild goose chase, and that they
seo to it that the men they choose
as their candidates, whether they be
members of the Canadian Labor
Party or Federated Labor Party, or
any other working clnss party, adhere strictly to the socialist platform; and that they nre not merely
opportunists or ordinary office-seekers, with no other objective thnn that
of feathering thoir own nests. The
workers are fed up with that sort,
no matter what party they may claim
to be adherents of.
We hone that our friend will allow
this matter to drop now nnd concern
himself with the betterment of the
movement In general. Again we
would say, principles, not personalities, nre whnt really count. Let us
adhere to them.—L.  T.]
Oriental Question
Editor B. C. Federatlonist.—Be letter from Mr. William Shaw, criticizing Mr. A. W. Neill, M.P.P. for Co
mox, Alberni, who is in favor of
excluding Japanese from this country. I cannot seo his point, and
only see what a shortsighted
person ho must be. The Japanese
have been excluded from the U. S,
and they and all the yellow race will
be excluded from Canada. Tho time
is not far off, either.
As to lumber and log sales, thoy
hnvo to havo our lumber and logs,
just the samo aa we have to havo
their tea aud rice. Wo will always
trade. Tho U. S. took the stand, and
why not Canada? I'll venture thut,
whoever this man Shaw Is, ho Is
muking his living trading with Japs
•or he Is n politician, Whenever
there is any criticism about tho yellow race, somo loyal politician writes
a letter to some of our dally papers,
upholding the yellow man—and they
are only too glad to print it, as that
Is what they aro supposed to do. You
nevor aeo any criticism of the yellow
raco In our big dailies! If only we
had a strong dally labor paper which
would burn them up on one side and
down tho other, until tho people become wise to the real menace thoy
are! We would soon start somothing!
I may soy I havo been in this country forty years; I havo worked hundreds of Chinamen and know them
thoroughly—and the tactics thoy
work to oust white men from tho Job,
when there is n mixed crew. Being,
organized, aa they are, the boss Is at
their   mercy.     Every   tlmo   a  white
Clearance Sale
A Sale that will embrace every kind
of fashion merchandise, as well as
hundreds of staple lines. And because
the fall season has been an exceedingly
backward one, stocks in many instances are extra large; consequently,
in order to effect a quick clearance,
prices have been cut especially deep.
This will afford untold opportunities
of purchasing requirements for both
now and spring at generous price
See Special Sale Windows
man defends himself against them,
they quit as one man; whether it's
two or one hundred, they all walk
off. The consequence ls that the
white man is fired and the Chinks all
go back. This is their game, and I
have seen it worked scores of times
—until now they have a complete
monopoly of the shingle bins, which
I am most familiar with. I am informed, also, that they and the Japs
are working the lumber mills the
same way.
Now the shingle bosses, see what
they have done! They are trying to
retrace their steps. Twenty years
ago they started to hire Chinamen;
they replaced white men with Chinamen In order to beat the white man
down ln wages, until they drove nino-
tenths of all the white shingle sawyers either over tho line or out of
the bins. Today the yellow race controls nine-tenths of all the shingle
bins, from tlio tree to the shingles,
and It is nenrly aa bud In the lumber
Glance at the columns of literature
prlntetl about our great timber resources, and Just stotp and think whoi
gets the benefits doiiv. I from them, j
Yes, every time you hosr or reud of
tho bonefits derive! trom your yellow brother. Just loo'c for the nigger
In the woodpile. My advice to you,
as an old-tlmor, is "Don't sell your
birthright for a mess of potage."
I regret that I am not an educated
man, so that 1 could explain to you
more fully and forcibly the terrible
conditions that exist today—and not
one word is boing said by our big
papers. Tho point Is this: Who controls our immigration policy, and
why Is British Columbia (thc greatest
asset In Canada today) being sold
deliberately for a mess Of potage?
Who Is getting the benefit resulting
from allowing this yellow race to
come In?   It's not only what we our
selves ui*,. losing, but likewise our
children and our grandchildren. I
have raised a big family, and say
repeatedly that all our children wilt
be working under Chinese bosses.
There is only one solution to this
damnable curse, and that ties in the
hands of the worker. Pick out your
dyed-in-the-wool white men and eleet
him to represent you in your governmont! If we only had a couple of
dozen Woodsworths representing ua,
or Dick Burdea, we could start something—or Neill of Comox. Yours, etc.,
Vancouver. *B. p., Dec. 29, 1924.
Junior Lnbor Leaguo
Mrs. Rose .Henderson speaks at
tonight's meeting. The first of the
educational meetings which the
Junior Labor League Intends to hold
will tako place at 8<S3 Twenty-seventh
a venue east, South Vancouver, (tonight (Friday, Jan. 9).
Mrs. Rose Henderson, whose abilities aro well known to readers of
this paper, will speak for a short
time on "Future Citizens," The meeting will then be thrown open for a
general discussion on the subject.
This should be very lntereat tng to any
young people Interested in the labor
The leaguo membership Is increasing rupldly, and members are looking
forward to the time when a hall can
bo scoured an a regular meeting place
where socials and dunces can be held.
Secretary, Mr. George Mitch/all,
Telephone; Fairvicw 3320X.
The capitalist syatem places idleness on the throne and Industry In
the Jail,—Kugeno V. Debs.
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
In I
| I'M it
hut be rim
thnt, when
ne,nts of tl
notnblo i'X(
hns   I ii   i
labor   papc
knows, or
Note—One cannot help
used, and frankly sn, ni
Mr. Skinner risks, "Why
■nla from all the oppo-
e Lnbor rutty, with ohf*
option, itppodretl In what
ormed bv some the best
in B.C.." Mr. Skinner
3Ught to know, if he has
ovor had nny experience with news-1
paper work, thnt. advortisomonts art'!
pr-.senll.il if nny paper Is lo live, Wo
would cnll to his attention thr> faot
thn t   "hla   own"   pnpor,   tho   Ln bor
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50; 5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the       '
paper, namely:
Book Seller and Stationer
FRIDAY January   t,   192ly
The New Edison
Plays All Records
DISCRIMINATING LOVERS of the best in music are
purchasing thc New Edison Phonograph, noted for
its rare and perfect reproducing qualities, which render
it so like tlie original that detection becomes practically
impossible. The popular London Model is a favorite at
a modest price, complete with twelve selections (6
double-sided records of your own choice), tlA-l
for only     *
(Remember, there are no needles to change when one
owns an "Edison")
Permit Us to Demonstrate for You
Largest Stock of Musical Instruments In Ott,
Special Easy( Terms at Christmas
443 Hastings Street West
Near Richards Phone Sey. 2444
Labor Candidates
(Continued from Page 1)
district for the past 12 years.
"Will give best services to the district. Being engaged in building
operations locally, is in a position
to note the needs of the community and give the necessary
time to the business of the muni-
H. Engberg for Councillor,
Ward 7. Has been fifteen years
in B. C. Member of typographical
union and supporter of labor candidates at all elections. Has represented the ward for two years,
being unopopsed for the second
term. Haa the confidence of the
Broadview district which, although the earliest settlement in
Burnaby, is still without proper
road access to the outside. Is
working hard for the construction of the new highway from
Vancouver to New Westminster
through Broadview which will
give the needed thoroughfare and
divert traffic from Kingsway,
now overloaded.
M. Marino for School Trustee.
Born in Edinburgh and eame to
B. C. in 1908. Has been 14 years
in Burnaby. Particularly interested in the education of the
young. Has devoted much time
and study to the science of physical training and gymnastics, having been a voluntary instructor in
these subjects at different institutions. Is insistent upon the
needs of increased educational
facilities and the fuller development of the sound mind in the
sound body.
Alfred Smith for School Trustee. Educated at St. .Silas, Bristol
England. Has been 13 years in
Burnaby and is prominent in fraternal work. Particularly active
in labor and community work,
being secretary of North Burnaby F. L. P. Is chairman of
parks committee of local ratepayers' association, which has
secured the setting aside of tax
sale lands for playgrounds and
H. S. Bate for Police Commissioner. Has already served one
term in this capacity, giving general satisfaction. Has done mueh
to secure good, clean administration and impartial administration
of justice. Served in the navy
during the last war.
All Burnaby Labor Candidates
are nominated by the Federated
Labor Party and endorsed by the
Canadian Labor Party.
J. W. Wilson. _ Comrade Wilson
was chosen as a candidate for the
South Vancouver couneil by the
Collingwood branch of the Federated Labor Party. His candidature has been endorsed by the
Annexation League of South Vancouver. He is just now entering
upon his seventh year as financial
secretary of the International
Moulders' Union here. He has on
previous occasions occupied the
position of treasurer and president of this organization. He is
also a member of the political
group of his union, which is
affiliated with the C. L. P. He
has been a resident of Greater
Vancouver since 1898 and he has
for 14 years been a resident and
taxpayer in his district. Chris
Cropley is acting as campaign
managpv fop Comrade Wilson.
Ask for CATTO'S.    Por sale at aU Government Liquor Stores
T_U adtertliement ll not prtllihid or dlipUT*>4 It, *»• J*l««i» Control Betti or
by the Qowrnment of Brltllb Columbia
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd,
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15o per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Some Startling Figures Showing
the Power of Big Advertising Firms
[From O. B. U. Bulletin.]
Why is the country's press pouring out a flood of poisoned news and
fiction tending to maintain a public
opinion hostile to labor's Btruggle and
favorable to the existing order of exploitation? For answer see the Chicago Tribune tabulation of amounts
paid for advertising space by 62
leading corporations.
These big capitalist combinea, the
Tribune unconsciously shows, subsidized tho newspapers and magazines which aro molding public opinion to the extent of more than $48,-
000,000 in 1923.
The Tribune's figures were furnished by the bureau of advertising of
tho American Publishing Co. They
cover the amounts paid to newspapers and to 30 leading periodicals.
For some of these corporations the
figures are as follows:
To To
Advertising Nowspapurs -Magazines
American Tolmcco Co. $1,700,000 $   242,981
Lever  Bros.   Co.,   soap 1,500,000      664,795
Standard Oil of Ind  1,500,000
Victor Talking Macli... 1,500,000
Calumet Bak'g Powder 1,200,000
Dodge   Bros.,   uutos  1,200,000
U. S. Rubbor Co  1,100,000
Punk   &   Wagnalis
{Literary   Digost).... 1,080,000
Liggct &  MyerfiTobnc. 1,000,000
Wm.   Wriglcy,   gum  1,000,000
Corn Products   Rofin'g     900,000
Buick Motor Co      600,000
H.J. Heinz Co. pickles     000,000
Goodyear Rubber         525,000
Hart Shaffncr & Marx     500,000        „
Colgato &  Co      430,000    1,183,431,
Proctor & Gamble,   soap    400,000    1,167,000
Quaker  Oats   Co        400.000       616,620
Chevrolet Motor  Car....     325,000       595,721
Eastman   Kodak  Co      225,000       488,130
Amorican Radiator Co. 175,000 431,220
Other companies in the list are
Goodrich Rubber, Hupp Motor, General Cigar, Sante Fe Railroad, Union
Pacific, Northern Pacific, vacuum
Oil and Portland Cement Association,
Here are tobacco, soap, oil, rubber,
automobile, food, clothing and building material trusts subsidizing the
press as they subsidize the country's
colleges. And the Tribune list is Just
a sample showing a small part of the
corporate millions upon which the
press depends for its annual support
and profits. Standard Oil of N. J.
is not on the list, nor are the other
oil units. Many railroads which advertise extensively do not appear. The
huge department store advertising is
missing. But the figures give a clear
Idea of how the molders of public
opinion look to the dominant power
of 'the existing order for a meal
The result appears not only in the
handling of ordinary news and fie
tion In a way to distract attention
from economic Injustices and glorify
tho capitalist order, It Is doubly apparent when a crisis develops between capital and labor. Then the
press resorts to actual suppression
and distortion in order to favor the
employing class.
It is this situation which renders
the development of a powerful labor
press a vital necessity.
Timely Topics
Open Forum
The original "open forum" will re
open in the O'Brien hall, corner off
Homer and Hastings streets, at 2:30
p.m., Sunday, January 11. if you
are there, you hoeomo o, member.
This Is all the "membership" there
will be in the open forum. A collection to pay expenses will be taken
up at each meeting.
British Heavily Taxed
TT H. STEVENS, M.P., informed the
**" members of the Gyro club the
other day that Great Britain was the
most heavily taxed country in the
world, and that Germany, with lower
taxation and factories equipped to
the highest state of efficiency would
be one of her strongest competitgrs.
And all the time they were telling us
that we won the war! Instead of
our boys fighting to defend our country they have apparently played Into
the hands of Germany.
• •    *
Our Greatest Enemy
We can hardly bo blamed If we
look elsewhere than upon the Germans for keeping us in such a state
of servitude as we are today experiencing everywhere within the British
Empire. If we examine things carefully we will find that our unfortunate state of affairs is due, to a very
great degree, to the selfishness and
greed of our so-called patriotic fi
nanclers who, though they told to
the world that their investments in
the many and varied war loans were
purely patriotic, are now demanding
their "pound of flesh." Theee are
the men who are holding the destinies of our empire in their hands,
and it is they who are bleeding the
life-blood from the empire. Traitors
in disguise! Traitors, enemies of the
worst sort, but no longer are they
able to disguise the fact.
* *    *
Dislike Early Closing
The small storekeepers are request'
ing some changes In the "early-closing bylaw." They apparently feel
that they cannot earn a decent live
Hhood for themselves before 6 o'clock
each day. "We rather feel that they
would be exhibiting a greater degree
of intelligence if they were to demand a change in our whole economic system. It is generally recognized that three or four hours' work
eacli day should be sufficient for
every man to amply fulfil his obliga
#tion to society. Why, then, do more
than they are already doing? There
must be something else wrong than
the matter of early closing.
• *    *
Fascist! Show True Colors
Invisible martial law reigns
throughout Italy—and how our "paid
press" spreads the "glad tidings of
gi%at joy!" Mussolini, like "Kaiser
Bill," keeps in touch with God, apparently. He asserts that "before
God I assume full responsibility for
the trouble." He really ought to forget that "stuff." Tho Bolshies took
on their responsibilities all alone, and
they have really done amazingly well:
In spite of the fact that God, the
press and the capitalists the world
over were against them.
* *    *
Reactionary Tactics
If the tactics adopted by the Fascisti in Italy are in any way indicative of the course that reactionary
forces in England and elsewhere are
to follow, then labor better "purlt
up." However, it may just be as
well to allow these forces to kill us
suddenly, as thoy apparently intend
doing, as to allow them to follow the
present method of execution—that of
'gradual starvation,"
The history of all hitherto existing
society Is a history of class struggles.
—Marx and Engels.
Name, if you can, any other poll'
tical party besides Labor that encourages self-education on the part
of its adherents. The hope of the
private-profit system lies in the ignorance of JU victims. Labor's hope
lies In enlightenment.
Olub to Be Formed in Vancouver
—Broader Interpretation of
Art Needed
Possessors of Art Treasures Not
Always Lovers of Art
or Artists
'PHER.E Is about to be formed in
A this city an Arts and Letters club,
the inaugural meeting of which takes
place ln the Theosophical hall, 33?
Hastings street west, Wednesday
evening, at 8 o'clock, January 14th,
and to which all men and women interested in art in any of its expressions aro givon a cordial invitation.
The need for such a club has been
felt for some time by many, but has
not taken definite shape until now.
At the opening of the meeting
Madame Edith Stewart will present
a musical trio, and Mrs. Lyle Telford will also sing.
The objects of the club are many;
but a few general principles may here
be inferred: Firstly, to broaden the
cultural Ideal of art in Us many expressions. To create an appreciation,
a demand and a greater understanding of the message of the modern
poets, artists and writers who are
having so pronounced an influence in
shaping modern thought. A new
world is being born, and with it is
coming a new science of social life,
new relationship of man to man.
These changes are being reflected in
a new music, poetry, drama and literature. The modern artist is the
herald of this new oge and is heroically portraying life in its manifold
changes, tragic suffering and heroic
struggle toward the art of a common
life lived in peace, harmony and
There are men and women in every
city who are In tune with the ideals
of this new day. Those who have
the vision of the poet and prophet,
but who for this very reason are
often Isolated and alone. People to
whom Ufe in its commercial aspect
is but a means to an end, and therefore seek to toueh life's realities
through art and to attract kindred
spirits. To bring such people together,
to pool their ideals and inspiration
for the common weal is another object for which the club is being
Art, generally speaking, has up to
the present been looked upon as
something apart from life, divorced
from and despised by the "common
herd," appreciated and understood
only by the few. This idea is as
erroneous and senseless as the conception that politicians have the welfare of the people at heart, that war
lords dream and work for peace, and
that religion can only be interpreted
by a select ordained few. Generally
speaking, these with the money to
possess art know as little about it
as a fish does about the water In
which lt swims, while on the other
hand those who love and create art
are divorced from it because of the
struggle to live, hemmed in for want
of the patronage of the powerful and
hemmed out for want of the means
of life. Thus, the possessors of art
are often credited with being tho artists, while the artist is often looked
upon as a kind of commercial hack
with something to sell.
The masses cry out today, not so
much for food as for the "bread of
life," Peace, Beauty, Art—self-expression. The workman must be
given the opportunity to develop his
soul in art. And the artist to develop
his body in comfort. The unity of
the artist and the artisan in a broader concept of culture, art and beauty,
the unity of tho thinker and the
dreamer will one day make of thiB
force-ridden, fear-ridden planet an
earthly paradise.
AU those who are in sympathy with
the Ideals of the Art club about to
be formed should make an effort to
attend on Wednesday evening, January 14th, 337 Hastings street west.
Called to the Bar
Friends of Mr. John RichardSdU,
son of Comrade Tom Richardson,
who recently returned to England,
will be pleased to know that he has
just been called to the bar. For some
years he has been in the law offices
of Messrs. Ladner and Cantelon of
this city. He intends practicing law
in the city. It is anticipated that he
will . follow in the footsteps of his
father and Join in the local labor
Chiropractor, 709 Dunsmuir St.: 10 till 8
Sey. 6798. Evg-s. by appt.; Sundays, 8 till 4.
Burnaby and So. Vancouver Municipal Elections
TN thi) times of emergency we have shown to us how things can bc
•"- hlbs't advantageously operated in the interests of the people. In
spite of the opposition that was raised by the big interests, even
during war times; in spite of the fact that many men who were
at that time in charge of the affairs of the nation were opposed to
government ownership, yet they were forced to adopt some form
of government control of the vital industries. At that time they
were fighting—supposedly—for their liberty. Today thc nations
are fighting for .heir very lives. Thousands, yes, millions in thc
various countries of the world are now on the verge of starvation.
Why is it so? There is nothing that you cannot buy today, providing you have tho whcre-with-all to buy it. Why have you not
that whorc-with-all? Because many employers cannot employ you
at a proit to themselves—they are not concerned with your neods.
If we but had some form of government tlmt would take over all
thc means of wealth production and the means of distributing that
woalth where it was needed—to those who were willing and able
to work and who needed it—what a different world even this one
eould bc made to be. Labor is out to give everyone in this world
an opportunity to earn a livelihood. That is thcir real concern.
The riches, the luxuries of the few, they are not concerned with,
only when they interfere with tlte rights of thc masses. Help them
accomplish their task. There are few that are more worthy.
Fresh  ait  Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding  Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees. Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 H..U_g_ Streot But S.y. 9BS-872    005  Onnvill.  SttMti  .... Se,.  86.3-J3M
ill HUtffgl Str..t W.st S.7* 1370    1047 Otorgt. Stntt W.st 0e,. 7418
STOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
T ABOE is emphatically opposed .0 the giving of contracts where
t-l it is at all possible to havo the work done by day labor. • Labor
believes that at all times the municipality, or the government, as
the case might be, ought to undertake and supervise all its own
work and that huge profits should not be allowed to contractors
who, in many cases, are nothing more or less than political parasites.
Many of them, in our opinion, stand ready at all times to bribe
wherever and whenever possible, those who have been chosen to
represent us on the various governing bodies. Aside from eliminat*
ing graft to somo extent, day labor results in a very material saving
to the taxpayers. Wo have ample evidence of that in this city, thc
daily press and our politicians notwithstanding.
We have in our possession at thc present time a copy of a
letter from Charles Tisdale, then mayor of our city, written some
time after the work on the Collingwood Valley Storm Sewer,
section 10, was done. Thc facts contained therein are interesting,
to say the least. The lowest bid from responsible contractors was
$165,338.20. A scaled estimate was put in by the eity engineer. It
amounted to $157,676.03. It was finally agreed that tho work be
done by day lahor. It actually cost the city $128,047.45, resulting
in a total saving of day labor over contract of $43,290.75.
That husky of yours requires strong boots.
We are selling Boys'
Boots at prices that will
surprise you. You must
see these to appreciate
the values.
Please pay us a visit.
W. B. Brummitt
18-20 Cordova St. W.
Shoe   Dept.
Q. F. ALLAN, Manager
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 71Z BobBon
Great Program
Admission Only
15c and 25c
Big Amateur Ooatoit Friday
Manifesto and Platform
Federated Labor Party of B.C,
THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and the collective ownership and democratic control of the means   of   wealth   production. -*
Private ownership of the means t)f wealth production (lands,
forests, mines, fisheries, mills and factories), is the basis of tho present
system of society. The ownership of these natural resources and the
machinery of production is vested in a small minority of the people,
who, because of this ownership, constitute thc real rulers of the'
country—the ruling class.
This class ownership of the means of life, with the restrictions and
appropriation of the fruits of labor necessarily following it, is the root
cause of the present insecurity and privation suffered bj tho working class.
The large majority of the people—thc working class—being property less, must obtain the necessities of life through the only channel
open tb them, i.e., by selling tlieir labor power. Thc only condition
upon which they can do so is that a profit must accrue to the owning
class from thc process. Profits for the few and not the needs of the
many is the motive underlying production.
The farmer, despite the semblance of ownership which appears
from the occupancy of thc land and tlie machinery with which he
works it, is in approximately the same position as the propertyiess
wage-worker. The wage-worker sells his labor power direct to the
capitalist class for a price (wages), and that which he produces be-
ongs to the party employing him or her. The farmer converts his
labor power into other commodities, (wheat, oats, etc.), which he
must dispose of in the open market, having little or no control over the
disposal of his product. The result of his toil passes into the hands of
the* capitalist class in rent, interest and profit just as surely and completely as does the product of thc labor of the wage-worker, which he
(the wage-worker) leaves in the mill or factory when the whistle blows
at the end of the day.
The production and distribution of the things essential to our
needs has reached a stage of development in which it requires thc
active cooperation of practically all thc productive forces in society;
social production has superseded individual production. Our ultimate
objective is, therefore, the collective ownership of things collectively
produced and collectively used. The need and well-being of society
must be .the regulator of produetion.
The present ruling class maintains'its ownership in the meanB of
life and consequent exploitation of the workers through its control of
the powers of the state. This present system of government is controlled by the same class which controls the industries and hence
is used in their interests. Under these conditions the welfare of thc
masses is a subordinate consideration.
Realizing this, it logically follows that thc working class can not
improve their condition in any permanent way until they assume the
powers and functions of thc state. This can be accomplished in this
■country by taking advantage of our political privileges and electing
working-class representatives to all legislative and administrative
bodies. The working class itself must be its own emancipator.
Taking into consideration the international aspect of the development of capitalism and the interdependence of each country upon all
other countries for even the partial functioning of the productive
forces that obtain to-day, we realize the impossibility of the working
class of any one country—even if the entire government waB within
its control—formulating and carrying out, unaided, a complete programme of socialisation. We therefore pledge our support and cooperation to all groups, of whatever nationality, having similar aims.
The Federated Labor Party will support all legislative measures
having for their purpose the betterment of the condition of the working class, but we maintain, that so long as the workers are content to
sell their life's energy in the market they must accept the conditions
which thc fluctuation of that market entails.
The present productive forces of society are quite sufficient to supply our every need and comfort; but the present system of production
and appropriation denies to the great mass of the people the bare
necessities of life. While the few revel in wealth and luxury, millions are done to death by slow starvation. Knowledge of the cause
of this phenomenon is absolutely essential to intelligent aetion.
Class ownership of the means of produetion; elass appropriation of
the social product of labor, is the cause of this denial to the workers
of an opportunity to participate in the fruits of their labor.
Collective ownership of the means of production; social appropriation of that which is socially produced, is the only means to end exploitation.
In the foregoing \ve have given an outline as brief and concise as
possible of the basis of present-day socioty.
Thc Federated Labor party as a socialist party holds that the difficulties which the working class is laboring under can only be removed
by a change in our economic system. For this reason we do not put
forward any lengthy list of immediate aims.
By working class wc moan all of the people who must labor by
hand or by brain and have no other means of support.
The function of the party is to organize and educate the workers
along political lines as the surest and safest way to get conlrol of the
powers of government. Once having secured,that power it will be
used to liberate where it is now used to oppress.
Changes come slowly as the people learn slowly and to try and
force changes beforc the mass of the people aro ready for them will
ony defeat the end we have in view.
Before the workers can advance to power they must gain confidence in their own ability as organizers, legislators and administrators;
and the best way to create, that confidence is by contesting the eleetion to every elective office.
On the platform, around thc council table or in the legislature we
shall put forward and work for the passing of such reforms as the
workers think necessary for the strengthening of their position, but
our ultimate goal is the Socialist state.
_M?ratf*b ffiabnr #art|j of -.it.
/, lhe undersigned, endorse and subscribe to the furtherance of the
declared objects of the Paris and agree to be governed b\> lhe
Constitution thereof.
Phone No ..Occupation -	
Proposed fcj -	
Date - - -..-


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items