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British Columbia Federationist Jan 2, 1925

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.-**S*' .
*X*t nnnfmiT   nTMUV nn miiT.   cmnnntTKn T innn nlnTV _\f.  nnimioil nnt itumi
Comprehensive Review of Agricultural Conditions Existing
in Canada
Illimitable Acres of Fertile Soils
Able to Produce All
Our Needs
|Nolc.__lPollo.vlng Is the socond of a
series of six articles which will ap-
ponr from timo to time in The FederationiBt on tho farming situation
existing in Canada.—Ed.]
[By G. F. Stirling.]
TN tho previous nrtiele We atated the
case regarding the conditions ot
agriculture in Canada. "We now propose to examine some of the explanations and causes of these conditions as
set forth by our political lenders.
During election times especially il
is carefully explained to us whnt are
tho causes of our adversity, and financial sickness, and what are the remedies. These causes and remedies are
almost as numerous ns the expounders,
lut whilst the cnuses arc fundamental,
those apostles of prosperity usually
.skim on the surface and advocate superficial remedies.
One of the most common and most
plausible of these superficial remedies
advanced by - the conventional politician is—population. We are told
that oil}- troubles arise from lack of
population, and tho remedy is to adopt
a vigorous immigration policy. And
so persistently has tills been advocated that many poople have finally
come to think thnt there mn. bo
something in it. But a very slight
examination of the matter will reveal
the fact that it is absolutely misleading, lt Is bused upon a fallacy. It
is based upon the assumption that
population necessarily means prosperity. They say If we only had a few
moro millions of peoplo scattered
throughout this vast country we
would soon have a laud flowing with
milk and honey. Which Is very true,
only It Is not staled whore the milk
nnd honey will flow to. If tlie milk
and honey continues to flow through
the present channels of distribution
there Would ln the ond be just as little
for the consumer and just us little for
tho producer iih thore is todny. and
this is why in countries with largo
populations thoro Is great poverty and
distress and misery.
Evor since the time of Malthus, sociologists have been pointing out to
us thnt great populntions, and groat
production of wealth go hand in hand
with groat poverty.
If great population means great
prosperity this country would never
hav ebecn settled. Cannda hns developed hy receiving thc overflow ftom
Groat Britain and other European
countries precisely because the opposite is the truth; that population
meant poverty. Years ngo many of
us wero advised to go to Canada becauso in tho thinly-populated west
there wore many opportunities to bo-
oome prosperous. And now wo are
hero we nro Informed thnt our (roubles
arise from the fact that we have too
Jlttch elbow-room. Speakers in England are pointing out that England's
troubles nro duo to the fnct that she
has too many people to the squnrc
mile. Speakers in Canada would hnvo
us believe that Canada's troubles aro
due to tho fact lhat she has not
enough pooplo to the square milo.
If our system, or rnther our no-
system of production nnd distribution
romains the same, the results will bo
the samo whether wo have a population as dense as Belgium or as sparse
.as tho Groat Australian Desert. It
must be obvious to tbe casual thinker
that population hns nothing to do with
the trouble here in Cnnndn.
Poverty and misery exists In every
civilized country of tbo world today,
whether that country ho thickly populated or sparsely populated, nnd therefore the misery nml poverty must ho
duo to somo other causo; som« pause
which Is common to all countries.
The advocates of a vigorous Immigration policy say that a great Influx
of pooplo would mean a greator market for our products. It would if
these new people would bo content to
be consumers and not producers. But
they must become producers in order
to get tho wherewithal to bo consumers, and it ls common knowledge thnt
one pair of hands can produce ten or
even twenty times more than one person can consume, so that every newcomer just makes the struggle a little
more Intense for those already here.
The ndvocates of this policy state fur-
ther that If we had a great Influx of
people producing commodities they
would help to solve our great railroad
problems. They forget thnt people
who are producing fruit and cattle for
shipment by railroad today frequently
do not receivo anything for their product, and sometimes they have even
had to pay the freight. This might
help to temporarily solvo tho rnllroad
problem, hut tt would increase the
poverty and misery of tho maSB of
There is no doubt thnt Canada has
room for millions more, • There is no
doubt that we have the natural resources upon which they could work.
But It ts equally beyond doubt that If
(Continued on pnge 3)
Will British Columbia
Be Prosperous in 1925
Our Business Leaders Suggest That
It Will--Soundness of Their
\        Reason Doubted
\\'iy J- L. T.] ^attendant upon the coming of a widor
.AETEi'/vi. has read statements freedom in national life." We feel
n issued \*-\m. IS of our loading |8uro that ho Is riSnt- Dut the wldor
business met f/1 women in a recem I freedom that will be born will not
Issue of tho\. i 'y press, in which
they have erf^ t£;\ed themselves a*
being con fidelity*, o* Isound prosperity"
for B. C. in \ «[',-, onc naturally
hesitates to contradict them. Howover, we havo heard such stories before—and we have seen whnt has
happened. In the language of Uie
street, "they do not go down." We
have not forgotten the stories that
our Rotarian friends used to tell us—
via the billboards—about prosperity
being just around tho corner. The
workers In general have found that
particular brand of prosperity most
elusive—and wo know that some of
our Rotnrlan friends havo found it
Face the Facts
It ls all very well lo talk, to predict and prophesy, but after all, it
is tho-actual facts that really count.
We do Know that men and women
are walking our streets and are
searching in vain for work. We do
know thnt there were hundreds of
men given their Christmas dinner on
charity. Wo do know that there are
men and women In tliis city receiving,
in return for thoir labor, such sums
in wages and salaries ns to force
them to live in a stato of seml-
starvution. And we know further
that some of these snme mon who
made the statements to tho press to
which wo are referring are at the
heads of institutions that are paying
such wages and salaries—and these
meu talk about prosperity for B. C.
We want lo be polite. To put what
we ihink in print would not look
good, but it would bo true, nevertheless. Is it to be wondered at
that we hear of such things as a
"class war?" When business men
mako such statements as they have
mado in this instance, knowing full
well the state of the workers in this
province—and not alone the workers
In genoral but the workers who arc
employed by their own firms—they
are helping to create a state of mind
that tbey will some day regret. How
could  it be  otherwise?
Clergyman Hns Hopes
Even ono of tlie clergymen rushed
into print—but, then, they are used
to living on "hope." The workers
are gradually giving tlmt up. Their
wives and children, it seems, cannot
live on It. However, we believe that
the Rt. Rev. A. U. De Pencier, Bishop
of New West minster, was right when
he stated: "Though the unrest and
upheavals in mnny parts of the world,
in Egypt and India, in our own empire arc cuuses of anxiety, yot I bolieve   they  are  but  the   birth   pains
Ex-Premier   Finds  Only  Disappointment—Derides  late
Labor Oovernment
Wednesday,  January 7th—Election of Officers and Other
Important Business
The annual meeting of thc Federated Labor Party will be held in
Room 3. 318 Pendor street west, at
8 p.m., on Wodnesday, January 7th,
All membors are urged lo be present. The election of officers for the
coming year will take placo at this
meeting. Never was our country in
so groat a nood of a Bane, aggressive
and constructive labor political programme as now. Lot ns try and
make the coming year nn outstanding one foi- labor.
be the freedom to which he alludes,
we nre suro.    And  further,  It Is not
man of tho reactionary type that
will be the father of this child. "That
'we are members, one of another' Is
boing realized as never beforo," wns
another statement attributed to the
bishop. Again wc agree. We would
point out, however, that tho men
with whom he is associated upon
this occasion, are about the last ones
to come to such a realization. The
workers are being driven to sueh n
realization, whethor they like it or
not. Wo will go further and state
that the sooner al! the workers realize this the better for themselves.
Their employers do not like the ideal
of such a realization on their part,
however. In fact, every time that
they show signs of such ideas they
are forthwith  "sat upon."
Woodward Hopeful, Too
He has good reason to be, since
things wero not bad with him last
year. He did not suffer from want.
Of that we aro certain. We do know,
though, that many of his small competitors went out of business. They
were not as shrewd as he—nor as
•lucky, shall we add. He hopes to
reduce his taxation somewhat by the
addition of a $10.00 poll tax oi. the
workers, it would seem. Then he is
not over-generous with his help, either. If he had to stand In his store
all duy. behind some of those counters and try to sell to customers who
aro trying to make 110.00 do the
work of almost a hundred, perhaps
he would change his in ind about last
year not being so bad, What do
such men as Mr, Woodward know
about tho tragedies that are being
enneted about them every day—even
as the result of what, in our opinion.
Is tho result of their own "Inhumanity to man"'" if our bishop I. end
Was really concerned about the jouls
of those unfortunate creatures ivho
have to work down there ho would
see to it that they were at least sufficiently fed and clothed to enable
them to properly discern the spiritual
things in life. He might have to do
some tall talking to Mr. Woodward
(nnd we would hasten to add here
that Mr. Woodward Is not nlone. He
Is* not the only sinner we have In
our midst. Wo arc not blind to that
fact), but nevertheless, us a true
servant of tho Lord, we feel that it
ought to be his duty to see to such
things—and we nro not a bit afraid
to bet  that  he won't.
Dawes Flan
Some of our business men saw fit
to mention the Dawes plan as being
one of the instruments that will su'.'c
to bring prosperity to B. C. in 1925.
Little they know about the workings
of the Dawes plan, if they make such
statements honestly believing them to
be true. Under that plan the workers of Germany will be ground down
to the vory lowest level of subsistence. A good German piano can be
bought today for about $70.00. (Of
course, tho government has seen to
it that tbey havo protected our manufacturers in this Instance, so that
when a German piano arrives here
It is valued at, not what was actually
paid for It, hut what the valuation
officer deems it to be worth, and
then charges duty on that valuation.)
Wo can well Imagine tho state of tho
German workers who build pianos
which cnn be sold at such a price.
Unless <utr workers allow themselves
to be drnggod  down  lo such a low
Dr. Curry's Lectures
"Tho Geological Evidences of the
Evolution of Man" will be tho subject on Friday evening at 8 p.m., In
31!t Pender street wost. Questions
and discussion.
Heoimmlc Luw Rules
The starving man may be free to
the law of the land, but he is not free
by the economic law that you must
have something to sell if you want to
live. If you have no goods to sell,
you must sell yourself—that is, your
labor power, and if you cannot find
a buyer for It you nre doomed.
Human beings wi.nt something
more than moral censuro and advice.
They want practical knowledge and
tho moans of a happy, healthy life.
Wherever tho ownership of the soil
is so engrossed by a small part of the
community that tho far larger number nro compelled to pny whatever
the few may seo fit to exact for the
privilege of occupying and cultivating
the earth, there Ih something very
like slavery.—Greeley. i
I think I could turn nnd live with
the animals; they are so quiet and
self-contained, • • • Not one is demented with tho jpanla of owning
things.—Whitml   1 i
standard as must exist in Germany,
thoy nre going to soon bo out of
work no matter what may bo their
line of occupation. Of course, these
business gentlemen will consider that
such a slate of affairs will bo good
for business. That is as far ahead
as  Ihey  can  seo,
Sane Government Returns
We could not fall to note that
littlo slam at labor. A nice dig. Well,
we will wait and see what their "safe
and sane business government" will
accomplish within the next few years.
They will find out, wo nro confident,
that It is neither safe nor sane. Unless it awakens from Its lethargy and
adopts many of the socialist principles which hus long been udvocated
by labor as the only means to save
civilization from utter ruination,
their fate Is senled. If somo of our
reactionary friends would but lay
aside their preconceived notions nnd
prejudices about the principles advocated by lahor, and allow their better selves to hold sway for a Ume,
we are sure that they, too, would
adopt the ChrltHtnn principles for
which labor has always stood. No
government can claim the right to
call Itsolf sane, that hopes to carry
on its administration as It has In
days long gone by, If they do, thoir
affliction can be diagnosed with a
fnir degree of accuracy, as that of
"senile dementia."
The plain truth Is that you cannot
disarm nations until you have disarmed suspicion.—Thomas Jay.
It Never Promised to Bring: About
the Millennium at
Any Time
jVTOT being satisfied with the harm
he has done thus far, Lloyd George
would lead us again to believe that
he has a panacea for all social Ills.
Whon in reality he is but a memory
—and a hideous memory — to real
statesmen. He would have us believe
that the world, for want of himself
as a leader,  is going, to  the dot<s.
Of all the politicians in this world,
nd of every nation under the sun,
none tried so ardently to raise the
hopes of the war-weary men and women of this world as did David Lloyd
George. Could he bo considered as
having a mediocre intelligence we
might excuse him, but, in our opinion,
he has quite the reverse. But when
it comes to a conscience, well, much
ns we may hate to say it, we feel
that ho has none. To him, we believe, there Is but one individual that
really matters in this world, and that
is himself.
He refers to what to him was apparently nn Ideal stato in 11)19 wheh
we were all discussing the best
means of effecting an altruistic revolution with thc consent of all classes."'
Such humbug! He would have us
believe that the men and women
who today arc living in the lap of
luxury would voluntarily give up all
this I'or the good of humanity. He
himself did not know enough oven
to let go the reins of power and
authority, even in his ojvn interests;
bow much less, then, need we expect
our reactionary friends to give up
their hold on power which wealth
gives   them.
"The sordid, haphazard, inefficient
and cruel past was to be broken with
forever, and a new era was to begin,
fraught with happiness, plenty and
security for the ever-pntient, children
of men," How wonderful that sounded In 1019! But todny, what are the
conditions that gtuot theso "ever-
patient"   children   of  men!
The tragedy of it all is this: Lloyd
George wns told over and over again
just what was going to happen—and
what did happen—hy the loading
economists and sociologists of Europe.
Ho hooded not!
He plunged the wholo world Into
social chaos when, hnd he had at
heart the interests oC the masses
whom he professed to serve, rather
than the high financiers, whose servant he really was, how different our
world  might  have  been  even today.
And now to hoar this man deriding
the late labor government of England
lowers him still further in our estimation. Ho Is well aware that labor
never promised tu bring about the
millennium at any time, and certainly
not while their nuthority could be
and was over-ridden by the old
Labor a fallurel Never was a
world-peace nearer than under the
labor regime. Nover were moro honest and sincere attempts made to
bring nbout a world peace. Lauor a
failure! Over one million more voters thnn over before voted labor, and
there was an election only nine
months previously. Given four yean:
or so. together with the Incompetency of the present "safe nnd
sane" government, and there will be
added another two or three million
voters to the side of labor. Oh, no,
Mr, Georgo, you cun fool all the
people some of Ihe time; you can fool
somo of thy people all tho time, but,
clever und nil as you might be you
cannot fool nil the people all tbe
time. May we soon bid you "adieu"
from the political arena.
Review Late Session
Provincial Parliament
Few Accomplishments-Sixty-seven
Bills Considered-Eight-hour Act
Effective Today
GENERAL review of the legislating, compromising or from tho exer
tion ennctod does not discloso any
social progress of any moment. Our
city thinkers and workers too often
forget the men on the land and Ignore the fact that vory little can be
accomplished until thoy realize and
accept the socialist philosophy. The
visionary who imo ,lnes that the agriculturist would submit to surrender
his produce to a city dictatorship is
oblivious to the lesson of France,
Russia or even Canada. Thc banker,
elevator, machine trust or marketing
corporation, of course, already appropriate the result of his labor, but
they represent private personal property and his intimate and close connection with the land, which he has
wrested from the wilds, compels him
to defend the system which enables
him to "own" his soil. Although it
may be true to say that the land
owns him, yet thore is the lovo of
a, farm akin to the love of one's
home, and in an agricultural country
such as this it Is time that wo had
some definite policy to lay before
the rural worker than the vngue talk
of nationalizing the farms.
The bearing of these remarks is
the fact that although the memberb
from city constituencies will admit
under pressure that certain aspects
of society need adjustment, yet the
rural representative is hopeless. The
outstanding specimens of reactionary
conservative thought in the present
house are the premier, the minister
of agriculture and the member for
Delta. The slightest measure or reform will find those men in opposition except In a measure forced upon
the party hy a popular demand.
Sevoral members of the Conservative
party are years ahead of such backward   personalities.
Some Accomplishments
In considering the nccompllshments
of the session therefore the drng of
such a type of thought must be al
lowed for.
else of a balance of power that did
not  exist.
Legislative Work
Even a watchdog, however, in entitled to expect a reasonable share
of work and hours. Some sixty-
sevon bills In all were considered.
Each measure requires careful anal
ysls, criticism, amending and general
watching through committees und
tbe house. The larger parlies can
allot so many measures to each member for consideration. In addition,
each member can specialize In one
subject. For Instance, one conservative specialized in mothers' pensions,
another in Workmen's compensation
■—this in order to take the wind out
of labor's sails and exhibit the Interest of reaction in social reform. Two
or three members in the house can
keep watch whilst the rest attenu
to correspondence, lobbyists and hunt
for information in government de
parlmenls and   the  reference  library
excellent storehouses for debating
material. When a particular subject
arises in the houso the member In
charge is sent for. It will bo seen
therefore that two or three lubor
members cannot begin to cope with
the amount of detail Work that has
to be accomplished — parliamentary
work like all other work ls a business that has to be learned and taken
seriously. The fact that the public
judges by recorded speeches and the
necessity of being constantly on tho
watch for any contingency that may
3e keeps the labdr group almost
constantly in thc house. Quite apart
from their usefulness in voting power,
labor needs at least another six mem-
bers^ to cope with tho work which
does not earn publicity or win elections. The present position of the
parliamentary party resembles thut at
the editor of a newspaper who has
neither reporting or composing slaff.
I The introduction of now Ideas In in-
Pertaining to Late Civic Election,
—Message Delivered
No Glass of Workers More Neglected in the Matter of
There will be found a cummunicur
tlon in this issue from Mr. Callander
rogarding the retail clerks. Wo might
say that we are only too anxious to
be of service to those workers. Thero
Is no body of workers, In our opinion, who havo boon more neglected
—and, we might nlso add—who havo
been moro neglectful of thomsolves.
The Federatloniat at all times stands
rendy to aid thom In any possiblo
way thut it can. If any of the clerks
themsolves, or through tho medium
of any of the associations that they
might yet have, or might form in tho
future, would forward us such Information as would be of servico in educating the masses In genoral regarding their lot, wo would ho only too
happy to publish the same.
Surely no persons are better fitted
to give us an Insight into thoir own
lot thnn the clerks themselves. Wn
thereforo invito thom to utilize the
pageB of this publication for any educational mattor that they might like
to publish.
vention and industry has usually been
During the election, labor speak- (accomplished by three processes,
ors laid stress upon the iniquity otLW'..«»« cpncoptlpn of .the .Idea, then
refusing the mother's pension to those '!,e P"™nlng of the scheme, and
in possession of small amounts of "llIliIy the Putting into action. Our
property or money. Tliis regulation P111'1'am en tary work will bo moro ef-
has been abolished. Many complaints fec,t,ve when we have men enough
wore mado both In thc house and at ta mnko il team of that nature,
privato conferences with tho min- The ,lrl,nte »" unomploymont roisters regarding the administration of vea,ed nn '"Iv.ince in the understund-
tho Workmen's Compensation act. j,n* oC tho Problem. Labor challenged
More humane treatment has been tno ho,,se to Prove that employment
promised, more consideration to ap- for a1' WIIS Possible under the system
peals, nnd what appears to have been
customary in many casos, the almost
compulsory settlement by one cash
payment, has been admitted to be
unfair—no worker need fear to re-
ruse tbis In future.
A vicious attempt was made by the
city of Victoria to undo the work of
last session whoreby firemen secured
one day per.woek off with a twelve-
hour day. This Insidious proposal'
was defeated.
Tho tugboat owners introduced a I
measure   that   would   have   deprived
tho workers of the rights given them kuucationai Programme for Its
b.v tho woodmen's Hon.   Labor mem-     Next Meeting', Friday Kveib
hers killed  this at thc start.
The barbers had tho satisfaction of
seeing their measure pass und the
public should derive some mensure
of protection from better enforcement
of  sanitation.
Opposition was raisod to the surrendering of any portion of the liquor
traffic back to private enterprise.
Labor stood frr government retailing
without profit. Vigorous protest was
also mnde to the surrender of our
Torost rights for ten years without
adequate pnymont i'or the lumber appropriated, Heor and lumber barons
mot the old parties in caucus, dictated  their terms und  received   hum
or that unwillingness to work wns
the cause. No member rose to defend
tbo old ideas. Tbo work nf next
session would be assisted if workers
wishing tt. introduce certain mattors
for discussion would advise their
members now and provide all information  possiblo at tho same time.
ing, January Oth
Junior Labor League w
| its flrsi moeting of the new ,\
I Friday evening, January nth,
i Twenty-seventh   avenue   east,
o'clock.   Tii- league Is arrane
Interost to all young peoplo wh
the  welfuro of tho working class at
heart.    As this is  its  ri
ble thanks  for their kind   condescension,
Eight-Hour Act
Pressure was brought to bear
upon the governmont to muk-b the
eight-hour act a live measure, and It
was intimated that too many exemptions of "seasonal" Industries would
bo strongly opposed. It was also Intimated on several occasions that
should the administration of tho
measure rosult In tho lowering of
tbe day's wago, theu labor Would
immedlntcly press for fl minimum
wage for men.
The church union bill was deprived
of Its most threatening aspect. The
measure foreshadowed another great
combination of church and stnte—a
political machine compelling unwilling minorities to join up and surrender nil rights und properties to
tho combine. A strange circle of
thought that hns compelled tho dissenters from state dictation to seek
union by the aid of lhat state. Minorities woro duly protected, however,
nnd tho "adulterous connection" has
boon advised that the legislature does
not hold with such goings on.
The obvious duty of labor members was to act as watchdogs and
bowl when they noticed tho marauders display unusual activity. In Judging their work therefore tbe public
must decide for Itself whethor they
have done their duty in that regard.
No ono alive to conditions will hnvo
expected much benefit from bargain -
■  Have
Labor Leng
rybody web
i nud (lon'i
lay. Jamiar:
•lilll   avenue
:   meeting
•ter. th"
s nn luvl-
tho labor
Lu attend,
tr friends.
fqrgol the
irgel lho address
lb, m  XSH Twenty-
Did Not Appeal to Those Rebelling Against Iniquities Fat
Upon Workers
[By Mrs. C. Lorimer.]
and gone without the return to
orrice of any labor candidates.
That hi itself would not matter,
providing the game had been played
honestly, becauso we would at least
have had the satisfaction of knowing
that we delivered tho message, which
ls ho necessnry (o the workers beforo
they can vote intelligently or bring
about their own emancipation.
Being a class-conscious worker, I
went to the Avenue theater to attend
the final rally of the C. L. P. candidates. The first speaker was the labor candidate for Ward 3. Ho put
up a very strong talk for equalized
freight rates; a plea for help to make
this city grow, and, if he were returned to thc city council, one of the
chief things he would do would be
to got coal dug in Stanley Park; he
promised also to encourage more
population for Vancouver—In fact, he
Informed us that everybody was on
their way to Vancouver because they
had heard so much about cur lovely
climate and our natural resources.
(He did not mention anything about
our broad-Hne.)
This speaker also informed us that
the working class of thc U. S. A. had
nothing to think about but where
they should drivo with their automobiles, and, If tho people of Vancouver
would only return men of vision to
the city hall, tho workers here would
all get an auto each and wo would
all be happy over after, la fact, he
assured us that tho cure for Bolshevism was to make poople happy.
1 looked around the audience to
seo if anyone had said Bolshevik, but
no, they seemed quiet, with the exception of a few In my immediate vicinity, who were muttering, "How do
you get that way?"
Thoy, like myself, were thinking
they had wandered Into tbe wrong
hall. To make sure, I went to the
back of tho hall and asked tho campaign manager If I was in a labor
meeting and If that was the sort of
stuff that wus to bo dished up to us.
The answer was "yes, and tho present
speaker Is billed tor half an hour."
By tbls time I was beginning to
find my bearings. I returned to my
seat and looked around tho platform,
to seo If Jerry McGeer, K.C, occupied a chair. But, no. I thought he
might bo behind u curtain, but I only
discovered a lady reporter, who loft
tho building Immediately after the
first speech.
The speaker brougbt In the Oriental menace. These people, he thundered, lake all the benefits of our
province, and wc pay the bill. Of
course, it was the working-class Oriental  be was referring to.
_\l I be close of his address we wore
Informed'Ao had been a labor alderman in tbo city council, and while
there br bad discovered a million
things ho could nol do; in fact, It had
made him almost conservative. On
his own admission he had gono a
sUp fuither buck than John Oliver
(and, says 1 to myself. "Oh, whero,
oh,  whore  Is the vision?'*)
Thc chairman now called the second speaker, also an ex-alderman. He
gave us a lengthy tnlk about millions
of gallons of wasted water, lots of
civic scandal, arid the chief point of
I'iled-t ,,  lAplosivi-s
Today the peoples of Kurope are
moving amongst piled-up explosives
to which some clumsy or sinister fool,
some vile combination of sordid interests, or some section of the European
community, exasperated by tho hypocrisy of Its alien Judges and rendered
frantic by Injustice, may at any momont apply the match.—E.  D, Morel.
What does all the talk about taxu-
ing profits amount to? if you caught
a thief In your hen-house, and he had
taken 75 por cont. of your hens, would
you tell him that, If ho would give
yon back a qunrtcr of them and allow
you to recover <10 or B0 per cent, of
future stealings, you would do nothing to stop his Htoaling.— Kqultlst.
StatO ownership of tbo powers of
production l» not the solution of tbe
conflict; nevertheless it carries within
It the technical moans, the handle to
tho solution.'—Hngcls.
It seems to mo nn unpnrdoTiubli-
thing that we should waste so much
more vigor In trying to put an end to
the poor mnn's betting than In try Inf.
to put nn end to his povorty.—New
Statesman, London.
and rat poison- -bin forgot to mention
tho Uni thai tho preunt system is
built on graft and corruption and the
wastage of millions of human livos.
llo was a politician to bis fingertips,
and he really tried to be funny.
To me il was a tragedy, Ho much
so lhal I bad to have lbe building.
In   my   mind's   eye   was  u   picture   of
the mombors or my class lying on tho
floor of the City Mission: of ihe
working-class mothers who brought
thom into the world, who struggled
rear thorn, and the almost superhuman effort made by these mothers
to shield them from the scars of
wage-slave  eonditlons.
And we, who aro rebelling against
the Iniquities that Is practiced upon
thc workers, and try to organize and
educate our own kind as to what Is
tbe cause of our miseries, The type
of thc two speakers can bo used to
sidetrack tho Issue, simply for their
wn aggrandizement,
Both speakers huve statod they do
not bolieve in any horo stuTf; thnt
they are to look after their own
families. Very well, thon. keep out
of our way; no weak-kneed variety
can carry the banner of the worker,
nnd wo have enough to carry, while
wo aro compelled to carry a parasite
The points raised by the first
sneaker: (1) equalized freight rates.
They have equalized freight rntes In
Orent Britain, and still millions of
people ntnrvlng by Inches; equalised
freight rates obtain In tho east, and
poverty grown npnee.
(Continued on page 4) PAGE TWO
seventeenth year.  No. l.  BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
FRIDAY January  2,   1*126
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
Tho   British   Columbia   Federationist
ggtlnwi; i»'"l  Kilitorial OfTLce,  1120 Hnwn St
Tim puJiuy ai The B. C. Federatloniat is.
eoniruilriJ by tbe editorial board of thu Fed-1
orated  Lalicr Parly >.t liritisli Columbia.
bofore Christmas. The sooner they j Thore la developing in the minds of | ftfinnnnnc*___s___£-0onnoo
arouse themselves xto a realization of tho groat masses of humanity the ^►/■vV «■ ■■■ =sa=a .^A" • «^
their perilous position and see to it world over a spirit of discontent ami | ?i |jf[^CTf ^\ILK^jV ?
that thev choose   real  labor renrnsf-m.    ni"   , I is.-,; si isfantion   with   'he   world   hh '   ,  \_f-}}___! W Hill mJ \j_\ V
Bubsoripliun Ham: United States and Foreign, fclJ.OQ pW year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, tl.50 (or fix monllifc; lu Unions Bull-
scribing In a body,   10c per momber pur
mun Hi.	
Tho  FederationiBt is on  iale at  tbo  following news .stands:
E. J. GALLOWAY 940 Granville Stoert
  1071 Granville Street
P. 0. NEWS STAND 326 OranTilU Street
JOHN GREEN  205 Carrall Street
 Cor. Hastinga and Columbi* Avenue
 Cor. Carrall and Hutlngi Streets
 134  Hastings Street Eut
 135 Hastings Street East
 163 Hastinga Street Weat
 „....Cor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
W. H. ARMSTRONG 2402 Main Street
BOULT'S BOOK STORE ...313'/a Gamble St.
 909 Georgia Street West
 548 Georgia Street
PROOHNAU & GATES....169 Broadway East
P. TURNER -..815 Main Street
B. A. WEBSTER 6993 Fraser Street
SHOEMAKER & McLEAN....S Loasdale At*.
A. MUNGEAM 764 Columbia Street
DEPOT NEW STAND Interurban Depot
DAN MACKENZIE Celuinbia Street
 Cor. Yatei and Government
HORSE SHOE STAND.,1223 Government St.
W. LEVY - 644 Yatei Street
T. A. BARNARD 63 Commercial Street
W. H. DENHAM.  JStev* Stand
 •an Elgiitii Ave. W.„ Oalgary
 109 Eighth Ave. W., Oalgary
 808 Centre Street, Calgary
 3l>4 First Street W., Oalgary
_ lU6a Eighth Ave. E.„ Oalgary
...810 Second Street E.. Oalgary
LAYCOCK stores LTD Swift Current
BCK1LUIT NiiWtf STORE .Seattle
FUIDAY January   2,   1925
A .NUMBliift uf tlio workers In old
Scotland have had added tu their
many suftenngs and privations just
ono more for Christmas. A body of
eviction officers, acting on behalf of
the landlords ({these officers never
did act for anyone else; that was a
needless bit qf information) escorted
by 60 policemen, seemed to frftVfl conducted their campaign most efficiently. When tbo tenants were
lulled Into a false security for the
night, they made their raid. ?fre
average worker today is one of the
most honest Individuals in our whole
society. Given anything like a decent
chance, he will meet hia ey.ery obligation—and a lot that are not real
Social conditions arty however,
gradually developing iptoi such a
etate, not alone jn .Scotland, i>ut right
here in Canada—even iu ,our f»ir c#y
•of Vancouver—that there is gradually growing up a state of society In
which thousands are being doprlved
of their Inalienable right to earn sufficient, at least, to provide themselves with all tho necessities of life—
shelter being une of these. We hear
of no police being called out lo protect the rights of such unfortunate individuals. These Individuals may
have obligation? townrds iheir landlords, their grocers and butchers, but
it must be recognized that society has
an obligation to fulfill towurds them.
It is an obligation thai must be met
in tho future, otherwise uur whole
social structure miisl collapse. As a
matter of fact, it Is oollapntng today,
and very rapidly so.
No doubt those landlords, under
whose Instructions these evictions
wero carried out, live .In comfort and
security. Their wives have not boen
struggling all year, trying to make
$10.00 do the work of $100.00. Their
children are not gaunt from hunger,
nor In rags. Yet these individuals
have the audacity to turn these unfortunate men and women onto the
streets a day or so before Christmas.
If. some day, the workers feol com
pelled to rise up in revolt against
such an Iniquitous system, no doubt
these same gentlemen will be the flret
to condemn them. Gradually the
economic pressure Is growing greater,
The workors are finding the struggle
for existence becoming almost unbearable. As a matter of fact, it
would appear to ns ns though tho
thousands of unfortunate workers in
this nnd other countries have exhibited, and are now exhibiting, an
amount of self-control thai Is amazing. For them to stand by and live
In a state of seml-destlUition, if not
absolute starvation, while others are
living in the lap of luxury,'nol as a
result of their own labors, but as the
result of Ihe exploitation of the labor
or others—that requires renl courago.
The workors here can look for no
other treatment than that meted out
to their Scottish comrades a few days
that they choose real labor representatives to look after thoir affulrs in
tbo various legislative bodies, the better for humanity in general,
themselves in  particular,
of  dissatisfaction   with  the  world  as
it  is today.    They do  not  know  the j <J>qo*q[  |f>o*9*^
remedy.     If   they   really   know   and     * * *
[VTOW that wo are to havo beer by
the glass, we wonder what the
ultimate rosult is going to be. We
have very grave apprehensions. If
we could be convinced that nothing
more would be sold over (be bur,
we would rest more content. The
legislature, In the words cf tbe street,
"passed the buck" to Commissioner
Davidson. Tbey have created almost
an Impossible position for him. In
the event of the proposition being a
success, the government will try and
claim the glory. In tho event of it
being a. failure, it will be upon Mr.
Davidson's shoulders that the blame
will be placed. We would advise him
lo move very cautiously. Today the
public have every confidence in him.
If ho  prizes thnt confidence und  fs
and undei-stood—and that is where good
salesmanship comes in—Ihey would
not hositate to cast aside thi:-- diabolical system of individual competition
and "cut-rate," or rather "cut-throat,"
schemes which arc over on the increase the world over. Should this
system continue, tbe result is inevitable. We have something worth
while selling. We need not be ashamed
of tbe article, at least. And, too, tho
need is urgent.
VVTKlTIis'G in an American papor for
the edification of the American
masses, Lloyd George, who has lost
bis hold on the masses of the British
working class, airs his views with
his customary eloquence on life in
goneral, and conditions in England,
In particular.
He speaks of tho hopes of the peo
be necessary for him to disassociate
himself from the whole affair. If
beer must be, and beer the public
must have, then the sooner its manufacture, as well as sale, Is under
the absolute control of the people the
botter. Beer, in itself, may or may
not be harmful, but of this we are
certain: the struggle for the profits
which result from it smanufaeturc
and sale Is most debauching in its
effect. Here, as elsewhere, the policy
of labor offers the only satisfactory
solution, and that Is government ownership of the whole affair, from beginning to end.
desirous of retaining It, it may yet pie. And he calls those people "over-
patient." And well he might. He all
but admits the idiocy of our present
social order when he writes of thc
mad Industrial system, the "returned
heroes," and the slums. And he
laughs at the brainless idealists who
could put faith in war and the aftermath of war as a remedy for all our
ills, forgetting that when he was
Minister of Munitions, and all but
panic-stricken lest the workers should
perceive thc tricks of their masters,
he preached the same doctrine.
According to this tool of reaction,
we can now settle down to the drab-
ness of modern life, for it Is impossible lo alter things except by such
slow reforms as our masters wish—
to salve their consciences. Labor
governments are no use, he tells us.
But he conveniently forgets that a
Labor government has never existed,
and that minorities can never work
wonders in parliament.
No, Mr. Lloyd George, the workers
are not going to settle down to 1914
conditions. A million extra votes
were registered against those conditions and the men who mako them.
The workers are not so Ignorant or
so tame us they used to be. And
their hopes are not groundless. For
the mind of man which can yoke the
powers of nature and invent wonders
and work miracles almost is capable
of the gigantic task of building a so
clal order on a foundation of justice,
Insuperable as. the difficulties may
jT IS NOT our desiro to deal with
such a sensational subject as murder, either as a pastime or for the
purposes of private gain. We are
forced, however, to again draw to
the attention of our readers the case
of the unfortunate Scottish . maid,
Janet Smith, who was murdered, apparently, at the Baker home. We
cannot help but feel that had this
poor girl been born under different
circumstances, and, hud the murder
been committed in some less fashionable and influential home, that someone would have been found who knew
a lot more about the murder, and
what was going on at this home, the
night before. Were there a lot of
so-called or would-be aristocrats
there the night before, or in the
early morning on which this murder
is believed to have taken place.
When tho bank at Nanaimo was
robbed the other duy, there was a
great fuss made over the money loss.
When this murder was committed,
we believe that a very considerable
amount of Influence was used in* an
endeavor to hush up the whole affair. It all looks very fishy tot us.
One cannot help but feel that there
Is something decidedly wrong somewhere. The police officials may have
done their best In this case. Here,
again, we very frankly think they
made a miserable mess of the whole
thing. Certainly time onough has
passed to make It almost impossible
to ferret out the truth. Anyone who
mlffht be connected with tills affair,
and who is fortunate enough to be
able to afford to travel, can easily
take a trip abroad until the storm
blows over. It appears to us as
though position and wealth and influence are decisive factors.
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this office from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
—Ed. J 	
A. MORRIS—Shorter hours of labor would naturally ensue if the
whole question of production for the
requirements of the people were
based on thoir needs, and not for
capitalists' profits.
W. A. S,—Yes, it is very important
to watch out that wireless and the
wide use of radios do not pass into
tho control of corporations. This is
a public utility and demands vigilance
that parliament doos not slip something ovor the people.
CITIZEN L.—You are not the only
disgruntled one at receiving the City
Liconso Tax notice. We fully agree
with Vour criticism as to the unfairness of the way this tax Is levied.
That smnll struggling tradesmen and
professionals should pay the same as
the largest outfits is unfair to a decree.
ANGUS OR E E N— O ur g r e at
strength here In Canada is the quick
enlightening of the younger thinkers.
An excerpt from the (London) Economist is worth quoting—in a warning to Mr. Baldwin that unless he
controls the diebards and reactionary
elements in bis own ranks there will
be another and far more sensational
advance in the vote for socialism.
"The ranks of socialism will be
speedily swollen, not merely by the
normal workings of distress, discontent and class antagonism, but by the
accession of the young men and ardent spirits who, seeing reaction on
the right, will revolt to tho far left
• * * and bring a socialist government, not only into office, but into
power." You see, thoy fear the vigorous young thinker.
MARY BARTON —Thanks, the
question will be treated ln a future
L. D. J.—Your letter is rather long
to reply to very fully. The British
papers are rather exultant over dividends declared in many industries
(especially cotton, tea trade, liquor,
etc.), and therefore to their obfusti-
eated visions all Is well; but—consider these dividends, profits and
bonuses, and then the wages paid the
producers. Now, Canada has the
same problem, which will intensify
unless socialists keep pegging away.
Send us a paper on your third question.    We shall be pleased to use It.
CNote—<In thia little sketch I use
the word "lady," not ln Its conventional sense, but ih its deeper significance, implying true wo.iianluod
ind true morality. The name Is fictitious.—N.]
world that need never be out of
work, from thc present onward, Is
what is generally known as a "first-
cluss salesman." In fact, the demand
for such individuals Is growing rap-
Idly day by day, and, jn our opinion,
this demand will grow still greater
thc years go by. Production is
today far In excess of "effective" demands. Thc needs of the people today are far from being satisfied, of
course. They may have demnnds lo
make, but the great difficulty In the
fulfilling such demands is the fact
lh ut ihey have not "the whoro-with-
all" to make the payment demanded
by those who- control what has boon
already produced, And the numbers
nt those who have this very necessary substance—money—is gradually
diminishing, and as a result the "ef
fectiye" demands are going to diminish still   further.
Our friends, the capitalists, see this
stale of affairs gradually closing In
upon them. They think that thoy can
overcome It by getting good salesmen. They are, of course, quite
wrong.' They have gotten under thoir
control, and they are using for their
own selfish ends, wealth thai should
have been in the hnnds of and under
the control of workers who produced
It. If tho workers had this they could
then purchase bnck that which they
need * • * then business would
be good. Until our high financiers
get this fnct through their brains and
give up voluntarily—or aro made to
disgorge in some other way—then our
troubles (and theirs, loo) will he
always present.
If, now, we can get gathered together enough labor enthusiasts who
have sufficient confidence in themselves and their causo to go out in
the byways and highways and sell
(he goods that we have to offer, the
futuro of labor-socialism is assured.
rpHlii Vancouver Morning Sun informs us that the young communists have staged twenty anti-Christmas celebrations ridiculing God,
Christ and religion. This same organ
informed us thut there was rebellion
against Trotsky * * • then they
denied it later, If we recall correctly.
Their stories vary so often—-especially
regarding all things Russian—that It
Is rathor hard tew keep up with them.
The climax Is reached, though, when
the editorial goes on to state that
Russian bolsheyfsm is "the political
creed of lho unfit, the subnormals
and the undermen."
Since this hated bolshevism came
Into power there hns hardly grown
up men and power who are eld or
matured enough tu take over any
form of government, let alone the
bojsheyic form. Therefore, lt must
be admitted that all these "unfit, subnormals and undermen" were, at
least, not thc product of bolshevism,
but were rather the product of our
capitalistic system. And certainly we
do not have to go to Russia for such
subnormals"—nol so long as we
have such men ns the editorial writer
of the   Vancouver Sun  with us.
The Russian system may or may
not be right. Time alone will prove
that, Certainly the system that we
have here in Canada is no credit tu
any civilized country. With all the
unemployment, privation, suffering
and semi-starvation that we have hero
In this wonderful country of ours,
with all Its "wonderful potential possibilities," It hardly behooves the
editor of the Sun, or any other capitalistic sheet, to belittle Russia and
her government. Let us show our
own authority first. We would remind our friends of what Christ !s
reported to have said: "He that is
without sin among you, let him cast
the first stone." That should close
the mouth of the editor of the Sun,
nt least.
Ah! when shall all
and   universal
But we grow old.
men's good
Be   each   man's   rub
Lie  like  a shaft  of light across  the
And like a lane of beams athwart the
Through all the circle of the golden
year? —Tennyson,
■*=5*^gf****<   «
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The FederationiBt, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Clorks Work Overtime
The Editor, B. C. Federationist: I
read with interest your article on the
retail merchant in your last Issue. You
have certainly defined him very well.
It is no wonder some merchnnts really
do not know what Is going on in the
outside world, they only work, eai and
sleep. The retail clerks think you
should forget the merchants and give
tho workers a show. At this particular season the clerks in some case* nre
supposed to get two days for holidays.
When you consider the overtime that
Is worked, two days will not cover the
amount that is worked extra. However, I could go on and give many Instances which I will leave till a later
date. In the meantime, I hope you
will assist the workers (clerks), the
merchants have their association to
look after their Interests. Yours truly,
New Westminster, B. C, Dec. 29, 1924.
Spud Tamson: Your letter is crowded out this week, but will appear in
next issue.
Liberty will not descend to a peo*
pie; a people must raise themselves
to liberty; it Is a blessing .that must
be earned before It can be enjoyed.—
1 fat
PRESENTING the following
Licts to thc notice of the readers
of The Federationist, I do so with
a two-fold object. I wish to present
an interesting study in child psychology, one of the most fascinating of
subjects, and to draw attention to
the work of a lady In our midst who,
personally, has solved the problem
of human existonce, for she has
discovered tho only way to enjoy
truo happiness in this world of woe.
Realizing the true significance of
hei- little hour of consciousness, she
is obeying, not In words, but In
deeds, tho one eternal moral law
of  the  universe.
Words aro more wind; deeds are
eternal facts.
Years ago, before tlio great war
had cast Its blight upon mankind,
this lady and her husband wore driving in their car round Stanley Park
in the dusk of a summer ovening.
Suddenly tlie wail of a little child
rose from the bushes by the wayside, and she caused the car to stop.
After a short search she found the
■child, a lost waif, crying plteously,
through fear and loneliness, In the
margin of the dense bush. Most of
us would have contented ourselves
by driving the child to the nearest
police station and handing it over,
and flattering ourselves that we had
done well. Not so with this little
lady. Here was a suffering child
hungry, weary and very much
afraid, and though our policemen
are very humane in such cases, here
was something that\ in our lady's
way of acting called for tho exercise
of that real sympathy with the suffering whtch Is so characteristic of
"Tom," said sho simply, "I am
going to take hini home. He is
hungry." And Tom, like the gentleman he is, acquiesced; and there
and then the little waif was driven
to their home, miles away in the
west end.
The lights of home revealed the
waif to be a little child just past
the baby stage, indescribably dirty,
and In the last stage of neglect, a
sight that would have moved the
hardest heart, and which brought
the hot tears streaming from the
lady's eyes. She straightway well
bathed the child, who, relieved of
his coating of dirt, presented even
In his rags and with the traces of
neglect on his features, the wln-
someness of the little child.
The following tragic story, bit by
bit, was drawn from tho waif. He
was six years old. His mother and
father were dead and ho was living
with a neighbor, an elderly man,
who was out of work, but wus feed
Ing the child as best he could under
the circumstances. He lived miles
away in one of the poorest districts
of Vancouver and roamed the
streets at will. That day he had
followed a band, and, straying away,
finally was lost, chilled and hungry,
In the gloom of the falling night.
He was a little street urchin, unwashed, altogether neglected and
uncared for in a motherly sense, of
whom there are many such ln our
larger cities and who would be left
entirely to the clutches of disease
and untimely death were it not for
the efforts of good women acting
through their child ^welfare societies.
Our little lady, after the attention given to the child, accompanied
by her husband took him and drove
to the address which he had given
to ascertain if his story was correct,
yand with the intention on her part
to see how tbe child's condition
could be improved. On their way
there the called at a restaurant and
tho little hungry waif was regaled
with a simple meal, but such that
probably he had ncvej' beforo enjoyed.
The talo ho had told proved to be
true in overy respect, and the lady
left the waif in the man's care after
extracting a promise from him that
be would place him in a homo for
orphan children where he would be
properly  cared  for.
This would be a pleasing story
oven if it ended here, but it does
not, as far as this benevolent little
ludy and her baby waif aro concerned.
Early next morning, as the lady
was preparing to ,go out on her
customary rounds of mercy, she
heard a sound In tlio vestibule, and
on opening the door found her little
waif waiting to be let in. He had
accumulated a fresh array of dirt,
and smiled triumphantly at her as
she stood regarding him in astonishment. And her astonishment was
natural. This little child of six had
been driven to her homo in tho
darkness; had boen driven from it
to tho city rcstnrant and to where
he lived miles away through dimly
lighted streets, yet had found his
way back to tho house, where he
had received the first* touches of
love   he  could   probably  remember.
It has been suggested that dogs
an dother dumb things possess a
sixth sense by which they have performed marvellous feats In the way
of finding their way back to thetr
homes; hut by what sense of direction did this little human waif return to the home where human love
had warmed his little soul into conscious life? To this day it is
mystery to the lady and to all who
have henrd of tt, unless the great
eternal spirit of love, which is the
ruling cause at the heart of things,
guided the baby waif unerringly in
his   earnest   search.
The child was again washed and
Ted and returned in tho evening to
his comfortless and dreary home,
but he was back the next morning
and  every morning for a week.
During the Inst evening, when thc
lady and her husband were discussing the problem of tiie child, and
the gentleman had intimated that
this could not continue Indefinitely,
as naturally it could not, the baby
waif mado its final and successful
attempt to retain his hold on the
blessed mother-like love which had
been bestowed upon him during that
memorable  week.
Suddenly he burst into a passionate fit of baby weeping, and. clinging to the lady's skirt, sobbed out
his desire in the following words of
baby logic and appeal: "When you
get old, you'll want somebody to
drive your car, and if you send me
away you won't have anybody."
That was all. He had pondered on
it in his extremity and made that
final and touching appeal with his
six-year-old logic and baby intuition.
A thought which had been growing in the lady's mind during the
whole of that week suddenly matured in her heart. She took up
the child in a whirl of affection and,
kissing him, exclaimed: "Let us keep
him," and her husband, whom we
must class in the same category as
Mb lady wife, acquiesced.
It will interest all who have read
this little story of a lady's love and
a baby's logic to know that that lit-
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you want is here—
In every historical epoch, the prevailing mode of economic production
and exchange and the social organization necessarily following from It
form the basis upon which Is built
up nnd from which alone can bo explained tho political and intellectual
history of the epoch.—Engels.
The time for petty polities Is past;
the next century will bring the struggle for the dominion of the world—■
lho compulsion to great politics.—
Nict^cho (1844-1900).
"DlCIl and creamy, wholesome and pure—the
finest beer it's possible to brew from the
choicest of malt and hops—tho utmost in purity
beeause it's brewed at a plant where pride is
taken in absolute cleanliness. BETTER BEER
—the beer for you—and it costs no more.
"Cascade"—the beer
This advertisement, is not published or displayed
by the Liquor Control Hoard or by the Government
of British Columbia.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
The January
Sales Are Now
In Progress
Come and take advantage of the greatly
lowered prices.
Watch the daily papers and
view the  window  displays.
575 Granville Street
Plume Seymour 3540
tie waif, after careful training: and
education,' has turned out a complote success. He is in a responsible
position, trusted by his employer,
capablo and enthusiastic,, and tiljo.vo
all possesses a reverential love and
esteem for the lady who adopted
him and whom ho even calls mother.
I am sure this little story will not
only interest (the student of child
psychology, but all interested in
their fellow creatures in the right
way, for this is only one incident
in the life of this lady and her husband.
In her altruistic work she, exhibits a daily persistency equal to that'
of the business man in his occupation, and has long discovered that
true and satisfying happiness tan
only be found In deeds dono in the
Interests of others, for the satisfaction of successful sejf-strlvlfig ls ln
the end but as bitter herbs to the
taste, and in tlie neglect 'ot that
eternal truth lies thc unrost and un-
happlness of our present selfish
world system.
Does thc world always reward
merit, never worship cant, never raise
mediocrity to distinction? Nover
crowd to hear a donkey braying from
a pulpit, nor never buy tho tenth
edition of a fool's book?—Thackeray.
Imagination Is the lightning of the
mind.—.Tames Agate.    '
IF you are looking for bargains audi ns
wero never known before In Vancouvor, you'll find them now at tliis gigantic aale. Whatover your neods, from
a fur coat to a pair ot hose, you can
got It now at a tremendous reduction.
Famous SE&5.S.
«1_*«23 Hutings Stmt Wut
Vancouver Turkish Bathi
Will cun yoar Bheumatlsm, Lumbago,
Heurltle or Bad Odd
Massage a Spsclalty
7.4 Hutingi St. W. Phont Be,. 2070
Phono Soy. 1198. 313 OABBAIL ST.
Established  1888
Eyes Tinted and Glasses Fitted by registered Optometrist
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan  Building
837 Hutlngi St. W. VABOOWEB, B. 0.
Telephones: Seymoar 6888 and 6867
Criminals do not die by tho hands
of tho law. They die by the hands
of other men.—George Bornard Shaw.
Now opinions are alwaya suspected, and usually opposed, without any
other reason but because they are not
already common.—John Lcclto.
Phona Seymour 2364
of our efforts to maintain good service in the
face of winter weather
is a creditable one.       ■
IIAVE you ever had a rral drink
11 or I'uro Apple Cider during tta*
last rew years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we bare introduced recently a pure elear
sparkling apple elder In pint bntllea,
eilher pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple older. Th.se drinks
are absolutely pnre aud free Ircm all
casbonlc aold gaa or preservatives of
any nature. Write or pbone your order
today, Highland 00.
Older Manufacturers
1MB Commercial Dun, Vancouvtr, B. 0.
1160 Georgia StTMt
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7iI0 p.m.
Sunday    school    immediately     foi Jo wins
morning lervlce.    Wedneiday leitfmunial
BS* £*.**_..*'" -*"  —■
The Oliver Rooms
Everything; Modem
Ratea Reasonable
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of brandies across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
KNlahllMlinl 00 Vwi • FRIDAY January 2,  1926
WE wish our friends one
and all a bright and
happy New Year. We thank
them for their kind patronage during 1924 and solicit
a continuance for 1925.
Men's Dress Boot, tan or black,
6 to 10   $3.50
Greb Work Boots, tan or black,
0 to 11   $_.»B
Men's Silk Suspenders, 38-inch,
(or      Sl.00
Men's Irish fterge Pants, 5 pockets, belt loops, cuff bottoms,
for   J2-05
Children's Knee Gum Boots,
first quality, 5 to 10%, 91.95
Children's Rain Capes, with
hood  attached      SS.50
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishing!
lints, Boots and Shoes
Between 7th and 8th avenuei
Phone. Fairmont, 14
Joseph Howard's Toy Shop at
Next week's heudliner at the Orpheum Is Joseph 10. Howard's "The Toy
Shop," with twenty-fivo artists, and
every artist is a specialist. Last season Mr. Howard toured tho Orpheum
circuit with Ethelyn Clark and a big
company in "Etchings from Life."
This year's revue, "The Toy Shop,"
goes one step better in that practically every variety of song and
dance is presented with marked taste
and skill. Prominent In the big
■company of 25 are Edith and Dickie
Barstow, Mammy Jimmy, Janette
Gilmore, Lew Brown, Ed and Miriam
Root, Ruth Miller and the Yankee
Doodle Boys, Mabel McCane, the
popular musical comedy star, ls in
second place on the bill, in something
entirely new iu a wong playlet, entitled "Lifo," written by Blanche Merrill. This is described as a story In
rhyme and song, and runs through
three   scenes.
Demarest and Collette present
"Strings and Stringers," a combined
musical and comedy offering. This
pair first impress tbe audience as
being a duo of refined musicians,
striving to please with a repertoire o;
classical atrlng selections. Then the
cello slips, that sturts it, and a flood
of comedy follows. Walters and
Walters,. Emily and Walter, have
something new In ventriloquism,
"Frankle," Mr. Walters'* other assistant, sometimes called a dummy, Is a
personality in himself. Margit I-Iege-
dus, a typical Magyar beauty from
Budapest, carries jazss-Ioving theatregoers into new realms with old world
classics drawn from her beloved violin. Miss Gertrude Clegg, of tho team
of McRae and Clogg, is tho champion
lady cyclist of the world. She and
her partner, who is a comedian ot
no mean ability as well as a clever
bicyclist, do some daring feats and
put over a brand of comedy that
decidedly original. Another big
novelty act, the regular picture features and tlie Orpheum circuit orchestra makes up an unusually attractive  programme.
Life must fashion education, not
education fashion life. Life is fluid
and ever changeable, and so must
education be.—L. Dechaineux, Hobart.
Vancouver Unions
Meeti second Monday In thn month.    Preeldent, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Neel*
■tula.  P. O   Bnx  60,
819 Pender St. West—Buiineu meetittfi
'    erery   Wedneediy   evening.     A.    Maclnnis,
|    chairman;   E. H.  Morriion, eee-'treu.; Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
i B. C, corresponding eeoretarr.
Any district in  Britiih Colombia desirjoc
(Information re securing speakers or the lor
/ tnatlon of local branohei, kindly eommnnleata
1 with provincial Seeretary J. Lyle Telford,
524 Blrke Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Tele-
phone Seymour 1892, or Fairmont 4MB,    _
..      aecond Thunday every month In Holden
I  Building,    Preeldent, J. Brlehtwell; financial
\V secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
Boilermaker!, Iron Shipbuilders and Helper!   of   America,   Local   194—Meetinga   tret
and third Mondays tn each month In Holden
Building.    Preildent, P. Willie; iecretary, A.
Prater.   Offlce houra, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5
|f p.m
M      and third Frtdaya Id each month, at 445
. Richards  itreet.    Preildent,  David Cuthlll,
1     2852 Albert Street; seoretary-treasurer, Oeo.
Harriion, 1182 Parker Street,
of    Steam   and    Operating,   Local   882—
Meets every  Wednesday at  8  p.m.,  Room
806 Holden Bldg,   President, Charles Price;
business agent and flnanolal secretary, P. L,
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
UNION, Local 145, A. T. of M.—MeeU ln
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
second Sunday at 10 a.m.    President, E. O.
Miller,  991 Nelson Street;  aeeretary, E. A.
Jamieson, 991 Nelaon Street; flnanelal aeere-
1 tary, W. E. Williams, 991   Nelaon   Street;
organiicr, F. Fletcher, 991 Notion Street.
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meots ftt 991 Nelaon Street, at 11
|a.m. on the Tuesday preceding tbe 1st 8nn-
. dny of the month.   President, Harry Pearson,
991  Nolaon  Streot;  Socrotary, B. A. Jamie-
son,   991 NeUon Street; Business Agent, F.
I   Fletcher, 991 Nelaon St.	
V     dent, R. P. Pettipiece;   vlce-prealdent. J.
M.  Bryan;    (iecretary-treasurer,  R.  H.  Nee-
'* lands, P. 0, Bus 66.    Meets last Sunday of
each month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, 10
' Hustings Street East.
UNION,   No.  413—President,   S.  D. Macdonald, secretory-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
. Box 689.   Meets last Thursday of eaeh
Workers' Condition
Challenge to Society
Problem of Unemployment and the
Machine Is More Than One
of Mathmatics
Farming Situation
(Continued   from  page  1)
[By J. A.  MacDonald.]
It ls necessary first to have a maintenance and thon to practice virtue.
r, nonniu-
. P. 0. Bi
Unemployment-—A   Challenge  to
TO THE ECONOMIST, unemploy-'
ment is merely a problem to be
considered calmly, coldly, as one
would a mathematical formula, reducing It to statistics, and the.se statistics often contradictory, and far
from the certainty of mathematical j
science. Unfortunately, to the worker,
unemployment is more than a problem. It is a grim reality, a terrible
nightmare of hunger, natural wants
unsatisfied, desires thwarted and life
lived below even the animal scale.
To him unemployment is a spectre
that dogs his steps, haunts his dreams
and makes a horror of his working
hours. For him unemployment chills
the fervor of love and changes it to
hate by the ashes of cold fires. It
breaks up his home, and drives him
into the cold of winter and to a
colder charity with its loss of the
priceless gift of self-respect,
The problom of the economist is
to tho worker the actuality of listening to his children crying for bread
in countries that boast of their enormous wealth; of the beauty of motherhood quenched in tears; the joys
of childhood obliterated In the pangs
of hunger.
The emblem of unemployment Is
the outstretched hand of want—a
hand that is capable of producing
enough and to spare, denied its function as creator, to find it In appealing for food from those who are not
Its producers.
Unemployment Is the negation of
the beauty of life, the denial of civilization and culture to millions. It
is even the refusal of the merely
animal requirements of vast numbers
of human beings. Man may boast of
bis Jong upward climb from the brute
and the barbarian, that he is the
heir of all tho ages, but how mean
ingless this is to tho millions to whom
this climb has been to the frigid
heights where hunger, crushed hopes
and unrealized dreams are their lot!
Mow useless It is to show the long,
arduous, aeon-long steps by which
man hus climbed upward from the
jungles, which In the short span of
ii lifetime, millions are retracing their
steps through unemployment back to
the "jungles" of the division points
—jungles more miserable and more
horrible than those in which mnn hail
his genesis, because unnecessary.
How useless it Is to speak to the
unemployed of his being created In
Ood's own image, when on every
hand he sees thnt Image effaced In
the mad animal struggle for food.
May he not ask, and logically;
"Is that ragged body, that woebegone face with the terrible down-
ward-drooping lines of the struggle
and the wan look of hunger In your
bread lines—is that man, ragged,
crushed, that human shell, from
which all has been sucked dry, In
which all ambition has been destroyed, In which alt hope is dead, the
Image of your God?"
Foots may weave words into magic
about the beauty, the nobility of life
and the advancement of mankind,
but tho worker fs continually faced
with the cold prose of having to go
hack to the nomad life—a great reversion in the history of the race—
to having to wander, gaunt, hungry,
friendless, ill-clad amid the scenes of
wealth and trade, surrounded on
every hand by the things which his
class has produced, begging to share
in that industry, to add to that wealth,
and as John A. Hobson has said.
"Asking iu roturn, not the comforts
of luxuries of civilized life, hut the
rough food and shelter for himself
and family, which would have been
prnctically secure to him In tho
rudect form of savage society."
We may boaat of home and family
as thc units of civilization, but to thn
thinker must come tbe picture as to
the worker often comes the reality
of seeing homos, if at all, only
through half-closed blinds. We can
imagine the unemployed, with that
quenchless longing for home, wife and
children which is the heritage of the
race—a hunger older thnn the race
Itself — seeing through half-closed
blinds the childron playing by the
fireplace, the face of the mother
glorified in the glow of tho firelight, and listening, a pariah and outcast, to earth's greatest music, the
care-free laughter of children, while
he himself Is as much as,the first
mnn a prey to thc elements. But,
unlike the savage, be has education
to add to his misery and to make his
lot more dismal. Looking and listening to a heaven which he may nol
share, confronting n civilization which
with the strength of his body and his
brain he helped to build, but whicli
denies him everything, that mnkes
life worth living or bearable, is It
to bo wondered at that he contrasts
his life with thnt of the rich, that
he should see tho laughter of these
children bought with the terrible
price of the labor of the "child-
slaves" of modern industry, who, becauso they are cheap—nothing Ih so
cheap ns tho lives of children—have
replaced him in the industries.
We   shudder   nt   the   cruelties   of
Nero, at the tortures of the Inquisitions, at tbe persecutions of the past j had   lost   from  ono to  threo  months
which havo soughf to confine pro?-   during the yenr;  36.7 per cont had
ress in thumb screws,  to torture it | lost   from   four to six  months,  and
'with the rack, to burn it with fire,
to dismember it with the headsman's
axe. Often we .shrug nt unemployment, the outstanding crime and
cnuse of crime of our century. Yet
it is something that must be faced
and solved beforo pretensions of
Christianity can be other than a refined veneer of hypocrisy or unfor-
glveablo blindness to facts; beforo
civilization for tho millions can be
other than a vast machine for coining the blood and labor of the workers into gold; and before talk of the
growing progress of humanity has
more meaning than the mumbling of
an idiot. If humanity is not going
forward to the abolition of the poverty and misery caused by unemployment, then the evolution of humanity
is a meaningless thing, and man's
conquest over nature a farce-tragedy
played on the scene of our planet
for the amusement of demons.
If Professor Frederick Harrison
were living today ho would strengthen a statement he made before an
Industrial Remuneration Conference
In  England:
"To me at least It would be enough
to condemn our modern society as
hardly an advance on slavery or serfdom, if the permanent conditions of
industry were to be that which we
now behold; that 90 per cent, of the
actual producers of wealth have no
home they can call thoir own beyond
the end of the week; have no bit of
soil, or so much as a room that belongs to them; have nothing of value
of any kind except so much as will
go into a cart; have the precarious
chance of weekly wages which barely
suffice to keep them in strength, are
housed for the most part in places
that no mnn thinks fit for his horse;
are separated by so narrow a margin
from destitution that a month of bad
trade, sickness or unexpected loss
leaves them face to face with hunger
and pauperism."
Referring to tbe increased mass of
wretchedness in the great cities,
Professor Huxley, the great scientist,
after living in the East End of London as a medical health, officer and
observing conditions whicli have
since been accentuated, for reasons
that will  later become evident, said:
"It is a condition in which food;
warmth and clothing which are necessary for the mere maintenance of
the functions of the body in their
normal state, cannot be obtained; in
which men, women and children are
forced to crowd into dens where decency Is abolished, and the most or
dinary conditions of healthful existence are Impossible of attainment; in
which the pleasures within reach are
reduced to brutality and drunken
ness; in which the pains accumulate
at compound interest In tlie shape
of starvation, disease, stunted development and moral degradation; In
which tho prospect of even steady
and honest industry is a life of unsuccessful battling with hunger,
rounded with a pauper's grave. *'*'.'•
When the organization of society, instead of mitigating this tendency,
tends to continue and intensify it,
when a given social .order plainly
makes for evil and not for good, men
naturally enough begin to think It
high time to try a fresh experiment.
T take it to be a mere plain truth
that throughout industrial Europe
there is not a single large manufacturing city which Is free from a large
mass of people whose condition Is
exactly that described, and from a
still greater mass, who, living just on
the edge of the social swamp, are
liablo to be precipitated into It."
Il Is human naturo to minimize
those things which are disagreeable,
or even to close one's mind to them
entirely. It Is far easier to notice
evils in the past history of man than
those that exist now, Cain's cry,
"Am I my brother's keeper," has a
basis in human nature. Social evils
persist mainly because of these facts.
But we must recognize Hint unemployment fs ntt u temporary manifestation, an unusual oondltlon. Unemployment is always with us, it will
not solve itself, ll cannot be disregarded, but must be faced and solved
before mnn can live In dignity, nnd
humanity as a whole be able to reap
the fruits of industrial progress.
Although theie are not the data
on unemployment that thore would
he if it were a disease thnt destroyed
hogs as docs hog cholera, cattle as
lines the boof and mouth disease,
fruit fees lis does the Sua .Iomc scale,
or cotton as does the boll weevil, yot
the statistics that do exist are conclusive that unemployment is normal,
not subnormal, increasing not diminishing.
the same system of production and
distribution is continued, an increase
of population here will follow the
same line that it has followed In the
older European countries and will
bring in its train povorty, misery, destitution and slumdom.
There was far greater happiness
and contentment in Canada in the
early pioneer days when the population was very small, but where force
of circumstances impelled the colonists to become self-supporting. They
worked hard. They worked without
proper tools. They worked in ignorance of modern- methods, but they
grew their food and made their clothing and built their housos and made
their furniture, and in spite of all
their handicaps they were warm and
well fed.
The greatest argument and most
convincing, however, ngainst a vigorous immigration policy lies in the very
necessity of that policy. It is noces-
sary to boost the country; it is necessary to spend vast suhib of money on
advertising the advantages of the
country; It is necessary to have agentB
and lecturers urging people to leave
their homes in Europe and come out
to thc Canadian West. It is necessary
to persuade people to come. If conditions were such that the people who
are already here could make a comfortable living all tlio foregoing things
would bc entirely unnecessary. Every
man in the country would be an advertising agent. Every man would
write to his poorer relatives in Europe
urging them to come out here and
take up land. This immigration policy
would not cost the country one cent.
AH they need to do is to forget about
the population bugaboo, and present
plan whereby agriculture can bo
placed upon a paying basis. Then
immigration and railroad problems,
and highroad problems, and school
problems, and taxation problems and
all other problems would soon fado
(To  be  continued.)
Ten  IVr Cent. I'licruployeil In
of Prositorlty
ln January of 1821, writing In the
"Review of Economio Statistics," Edmund E. Day said that in periods of
prosperity unemployment affected ten
per cent, of thc active supply of labor
in the United States.
In Ifl 10, one hundrod and seventy-
nine unions in the stnte of New York
roported on unemploy in ent among
their membership, and It wns found
that unemployment decreased their
working time HO per cont.
The preceding year the Federal
Immigration Commission tabulated
the data in regnrd to 27,908 representative workers and found that 28
per cent, of the possible earnings of
these men had been lost through unemployment.
ln 1910 the Census Bureau mado
nn effort to discover the amount of
unomploymont, and ft und that In
mechanical and manufacturing pursuits 48.4  por cont. of the workers
"Blossom Time" Positively Xoi
'Positively the greatest hit of
ages," is the universal praise one
hears about town these days concerning the return of the charming operetta, "Blossom Time," which is booked at the Orpheum theatre, beginning
Monday, January 6, nfter its remarkable triumphs in all the larger cities
of the country, where it created a
veritable furore, ln addition to breaking all records for receipts, as It is
certain to do here again. A play
that has registered a two-year hit In
New York and was praised by leading critics In the following manner,
could not fail to enthuse all music
lovers here,
" 'Blossom Time' is -charming with
its Schubert melodies."—New York
"Immortal melodies of a beauty
that often lies near to tears. Songs
of puslsonnte longing that Illuminated
'Blossom Time* like a Christmas
book."—New   York   Times.
"A saturated solution of intoxicating melody. It is a relief to sit
through such a musical play ns 'Blossom Time,' a melody that wns showered upon you opulently. Tt was an
embarrassment of riches. One number was followed by another of even
greater beauty."—New York American.
Theatregoers will turn out for
'Blossom Time" even bigger than
they did for "The Merry Widow,"
It's worth your time as well us your
money. Theatregoers who have seen
"Blossom Time" will want to see it
again. Dont miss the treat of the
Whnt socialism menns ls not to
abolish property, but, on the contrary, to establish Individual property—property founded on labor.—Lassalle.
Multi-millionaires provoke much
envy, but they do not command much
respect.—Bishop Henson.
No longer talk at alt about the kind
of man that a good man ought to be,
but be such.—Marcus Aurelius.
1 B.i)   iter  cent,   hnd   lost   from   seven
to twelve months.
Unemployment In Mining- Induslry
The Geological Survey shows that
the time list through unemployment
In 1913. one of the four most productive years in the coal mining industry, was 117 days in Illinois, 110
iu Indiana, I Ifl in Missouri, nnd 111
lu Iowa. This was entirely due lo
the closing down of ihe mines or to
[in ii-lime work, and takes no consideration rf the army of minors who
eould not get work, yet ll Is equivalent lo nearly 3ti per cent, of the coul
miners being permanently unemployed, j
During the busy Umn in the mining
Industry of the United Stale-, nnd
Canada, In the winter or 1988-84, tin
miners in many of the districts of
the United Mine Workers of America
were working one, two or threo days
a week. If tho coal mines of the
United States and Canada wcrkei]
steadily and employed all the miners,
instead of part of them, thc entire
mining of conl on litis continent could
Iw done on the ha.ds of a Four-liour
Tti   Be  Continued.)
Premier Wellington
mem llis. lump, sh.bo
I SOO  llis.  tsgg (9.25
3. D, McNeill ooal oo. ltd
l__   ABBOT-   ST. Spy.   I2SS
Do You Know?
itomuall In out of or-
,!,*,* you lira iiootllom iy ciii-itIiib a
burden of mlnevy whin* Jo-To^ wUl
dipyo m i«o.|.v.!,.!,i!:,'*,-!,"i",,!;',;,".i;
ndd i m nft'eli, i onr burning
raniMiid Imir.od *>)• *o Jo*
nt nil Drua Btorou.
[John PickonahovelJ
'THE B. C. Legislature has voted to
ask the Dominion Houso to reform
the politieal "old man's home" at Ottawa, the Senate. The labor members wanted to have it abolished on
tho grounds that it acts, as a check
against the progressive ideas of the
people. As at present constituted, it
consists entirely of party leaders who
have become too old to take active
part in the game of politics. They
are Incompetent to comprehend the
significance of modern conditions and
for that reason ure unable to think
new ideas. To state that it is a moribund institution is to place it mildly,
for it has as much capacity to function in accordance with tho modern
conception of things as King Tut had
in the Invention of the airplane. It
Is conclusive evidence that we still
allow our grandfathers to do our
• #    •
Tho unemployed who reason that
all that is necessary to demonstrate
their condition is to hold mass meetings or parades, or to congregate on
the parliament steps, or conduct
scenes in the public gallery of the
legislative chamber, have another
think coming. |
• •    a
Demonstrations are atl right and
necessary, but there is one demonstration that is often overlooked, and
that is the one at the ballot box.
The mass action that all politicians
fear is the massed force of a dissatisfied working class on election day.
Beyond all question, the greatest of
all demonstrations is the demonstration of intelligence.
• • ■ *
During the recent demonstration in
the legislative chamber at Victoria,
one js reported to have asked: "Where
are we. going to get our Christmas
turkey?" They need not have asked
that question, for we can provide
them with the answer. If there will
remain unsold turkeys which the people cannot buy, they will be placed
in cold storage till next Christmas.
Meanwhile they will go hungry for
a long time If they are waiting for
turkey. The unemployed, above all
others, should know that the turkey
Is a privileged bird for privileged people, and not for the "common herd."
» * •
While the workers generally are
not interested in the question of
church union, they can afford to
smile at the spectacle provided in the
legislature of one section of the
church combatting another section.
Of course, the fracas was not over
creeds or religious principles. It was
largoly over the real estate on which
the church buildings are erected.
Christ once said: "Upon this rock I
shall build my church." He was referring, of course, to thc rock of
individual, which Is an entirely different kind of proposition from the
"real estate" concept of his alleged
disciples who congregated recently in
the legislative lobby in Victoria. If
property and not character Is to be
the basis of the modern church, the
sooner the people look for religion
in some other source, the botter.
» * ■»
When the C. P. It. and other concerns, years ago, brought thousands
of Orientals into the province to compete with white labor, there were no
complaints raised by the business clement. They were in need of cheap
labor and got it. While the Oriental
was engaged, he was considered a
very necessary member of the population, and while his presenco was
considered a menace to the white
worker, tho business men, whose interests were not jeopardized by his
activities, stood by unconcerned. The
'Chink," so long as he worked  for
$37.50 Cash
Gives Vou Possession of This
—and $14.50 per Month Quickly Pays the Balance
________! tr=
Manufacturcd by the Weber Piano Co., in bungalow style,
with thc case beautifully finished in mahogany, walnut or
fumed oak. It is built of the best materials obtainable,
with pure copper-wound bass strings, full metal plate,
perfectly balanced action. Ivory keys and ebony sharps.
• It has a charming touch and delightful tone, and at our
selling priee is easily $50.00 less than the same quality
piano can be purchased elsewhere.
(Further particulars gladly furnished if desired.)
£ wGOw«*wno..H .Wi»«w
wages and was not engaged in enterprises that competed with them, the
business men were perfectly satisfied
But, lo and behold! the Oriental
makes the important discovery that
millionaires are not made while work'
ing for wages, and that they could
accumulate more of this world's
goods by selling the wenlth produced
by labor than by selling labor. He
thus became a business man, and incidentally changed the complacent
smile on the white business man's
physiognomy to that of an indignant
frown. "A White B. C." Ib now their
cry. So far as the working class is
concerned, we should worry. So long
as they do not competo on the labor
market they do not constitute a menace to us. And that being the case,
let tho business men pull their own
chestnuts out of ihe fire.
•    *    <•
In order to give the "hypo" to the
Janet Smith case, someone conceived
of the rather brilliant idea of trying
to get the B. C. legislature to pass
a bill prohibiting people from employing white girls where Orientals
are employed. While such an Idea
has been successful in allaying the
public feeling of dissatisfaction regarding the case, lt presents a unique
form of logic. If it is distnsteful to
have white girls working with Orientals, would it not have been more
logical to have the bill framed to
prevent Orientals working with whito
girls, instead of white girls working
with Orientals? But, then, that would
mean that some of the people of
Shaughnessy Heights would hnve to
dismiss their Orientals and employ
white girls.    That  would  also  mean
that the Orientals thus dismissed
would no doubt open up business
establishments ln competition with
the white business men now in control, and beat them at their own
game. As we have said before, we
would rather that the Oriental be a
business man than a working man.
Meanwhile, if we are to have a
"White B. C," Shaughnessy Heights
would be a good place in which to
make a start.
Shall I tell you the very worst
among you? Those who eat alone,
and whip the slaveB and give to nobody.—Mahomet.
. The only progress which is really
effective depends, not upon the bounty of Nature, but upon tho energy of
SEALED Tt.NDI.KN addressed to the undersigned will ba received by tho Council
up ta n p.m., ot Monday, January 12 prox-
inii),   for
8,500   foot     4-inch   water   pipe
20,000   feot     (1-inch   water   pipe
6,000   foot     8-lnch   water   pipe
7S0   feet   10-lnch   water   pipe
Specification)!,   conditions   and   forms   of
tender may  be obtained  on  application  to
the  Municipal Engineer on payment of fivo
dollars   ($5.00)   which   will   be  returned If
a   bona  fide  tondor is made.
A deposit by cash or certified cheque of
five (6) per cont. of the amount of tht
tender must accompany each tender as security that If called upon the cont.actor
wUl enter into a contract and provide th*
required bond.
Tenders must be m%rhod  on   the  outside.
Tender for Water Pipe."    The lowest or
nny tondor not necessarily accpted.
Municipal   Hall,    .1851    West    Him levari,
Vancouver.   B,  C,   Dec.  24.   1924.
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
l'sad by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50; 5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
Book Seller and Stationer
vANcouym. & a
FRIDAY January t, MiB
The New Edison
Plays All Records
DISCRIMINATING LOVERS of the best in music are
purchasing thc New Edison Phonograph, noted for
its rare and perfect reproducing qualities, which render
it so like the original that detection becomes practically
impossible. Thc popular London Model is a favorite at
a modest price, complete with twelve selections (6
double-sided records of your own choice), J51_l_l
for only    *9.**f*
(Remember,  [hero are no needles to change  when one
owns an "Edison")
Permit Us to Demonstrate for You *
Largest Stock of Musical Instruments in Oity
Spocial  Easy  Terms  at   Christmas
443 Hastings Street West
Near Richards Phone Sey. 2444  •
Palmer Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   Rheumatism, Stomach  and all Internal TroubieB,
Phone, Seymour 11)110
They are made of
' first quality leathers on comfortable
good  fitting lasts.
For v)ori\ or dress
At all leading Shoe Stores.
Lewis' Annual
Special Cut Prices and Special
Ensy Terms
No Interest Charged
i Lewis  offer*,   a magnificent rani;o  of
HcGtlioven   Pianos   und   Player  -Pianos
at  exceptional prico reductions.
Beethoven Pianos
Ouk,  Walnut and Mahogany,
$325  $350  $375  $400
Beethoven Flayer Pianos
Oak, Walnut nnd Mahogany, completo
with bench und 25 now rolls,
$675      $725      $750
On Easy Terms,        Without Interest
Lewis Leads!        Follow Who Oanll
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
•* McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Musical Company
Country Store Monday and
100 Tickets Given Free Each Oountry
Store Night on $1,000 Oar, to he
given away absolutely free, January 5.
Oar on exhibition ln front of theatre.
Fresh   Cut   Flower*.,  Funeral   Designs, Wedding:   .Bouquets, Pot Plants.
Ornamental mid Shade Trees, Seeds, llulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
i— STOKES— _
48 Halting, Stroet East Oe.. 08B072    GOr*  Granville  Street Sey.  coin* 1.191
151 Bastings Street Wost Sey. 1370     1047 Oeorgia Stroot Wost Soy. 7412
LaavM Dally al 9 p.m.
A Through Train te Montreal
Mafclng all Important .top., and canH.a
A Through Sleeping Car to Chicago
via Mlnneapolle Is St. Paul
In aridltlan tp I1ral-«lat. coach, tourist car.
.   ttaaaata aloopor., diner and compartment
•bacrvation car.
 » ml, «t TIMET OfflCIlI
r tetet, tem I », et *U Omtttts W.
Notes  on  Child-Welfare  Topics
Compiled by U. S. Children's Bureau
A Oldld-Welfore Professorship
Child welfare is now recognized as
a subject worth the attention of colleges and universities. Evidence of
this is seen in the fact that a chair
of instruction In the welfare of the
child has Deen endowed at the University of Pennsylvania.
Correcting Physicnl Defects
Over 103,000 defects are reported to
have been corrected as a result ot thc
physical examination of New STork
city school children. Tho weekly bulletin of the New York department of
health gives theso figures and also reports that examination of children
applying for employment certificates
showed a decrease in the percentage
of defects discovered during 1023 as
compared with previous years.
Scholarships Eor Child Workers
Tho Scholarship association for
Jewish children in Chicago provides
scholarships to Jewish children of
working age who, without the scholarship, would havo to leave school in
order to support themselves or their
families. During 11 years 2!I9 children iiave received scholarships; in
some cases for as long periods as five
and a half years. Since 1(120 the
iverage scholarship has been approximately $20 a month.
Saving Mothers and Babies
Parental care for negro mothers in
a New York district resulted in lowering the rate of deaths for the mothers
during childbirth, and also the death
rate for babies under one month. The
New York Association for Improving
the Condition of the Poor reports this
fact and shows that the longer period
of parental care, tho lower the death-
rate for both mothers and babies.
Under-Nourished Children
Height, weight, age tables fail to
identify many under-nourished children, according to Dr. Louis T. Dublin,
of the Metropolitan Life Insurance
Company. Dr. Dublin and John C.
Gebhart are the authors of a report on
on this subjoct which shows that many
children up to standard in weight and
height nre found, when examined by
a physician, to be under-nourished.
Foster Homes Help Children
Children whose own home background Is poor may, if placed in good
foster homes, overcome tho handicap
of a bad start. At lenst, the New York
State Charities Aid association re*
ports encouragingly that more than
threc-([iiarters of a group of 910 "foster" children, now grown up, hu •'«
made "good" and are solE-supportint,
law-abiding and rcspons'ble to educational opportunities. Yet most of
these children had spent the impressionable years of early childhood in
their own homes, with a family background predominantly bad.
ion island's Low Infant Death Hate
According to tlio report of the registrar-general for tho third quarter of
1924, the infant mortality rate in England and Wales during that quarter
was thc lowest ever recorded in those
countries—54 per one thousand live
births. The United States' rate in 1922
for the birth-registration area was 70
".Sunshine" CI Inlet
Hull, England, Is reportod tho first
city to establish a clinic for the treatment of babies and children by artificially produced llgb trays having the
rallve qualities of direct sunlight.
Malnutrition and rickets have been
treated with marketd success, it Is
Political Ethics
(Continued from page 1)
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Japanese Immigration: A recent Issuo of "A Folha" (Rio do Janeiro
dally) reports that 1,000 Japanese Immigrants are expected in Brazil during
tho two-months' poriod' ending Decembor 31, 1924; and that another
contingent or 1,600 will arrive between
January and March, 1026, This active
Immigration is receiving the assistance and encouragement of the Japanese government, and Is expected to
supply rice-workers for the Brazilian
rice fields.
Refugee labor: A recent influx of
refugee labor Is reported from Shanghai, together with the partial closing
of several of the city's largest manufacturing  plants.
Burnley Cotton Industry: With SO
per cent, of the looms now running
In the Burnley district, It Is indicated
that the local cotton manufacturing
Industry may havo Improved permanently.
Coal Trado Depression: It is reliably estimated that 40,000 coal miners are out of work in the Cardiff
district as a result of the temporary
closing of the coal pits, thus causing a
marked depression In tho steam coal
Employment Needs: Throughout
Germany there ls an Increased labor
demand for bakers, butchers, sales^
men, and for female labor In the metal
and textile industries.
Unemployment: Unemployment Is
very small at presont in Sweden and,
according to official cstlamtes, there
were ln September, 1924, only 4,200
unemployed persons as against 163,-
000 In January, 1022.
Patronise Federationlit advertisers.
(2) Coal in Stanley Park, at thiB
stage of the game, would not be tolerated by the coal owners. Take a
look at the plight of the Fernie
miners—coal Btacked at their backyards and they have no fire. Any
socialist knows that the coal owners
need a market and will not stand for
the people producing for themselves.
(3) Make this city grow. Is it not
enough that thousands in this city
are denied the right to the means of
life? Is it not a fact that the larger
tho city under the present system,
the more the misery? A#city can
only grow under capitalism by establishing industries, and industries can
only be established in Vancouvor by
reducing the standard of living of tbo
people, because they have to compete,
under tho profit system, with other
countries whose workers havo an Inferior standard   of  living.
(4) The condition of tho workers
of the States. Yes, the aristocrats of
labor muy have an automobile each,
but the speaker forgot lo mention the
unemployed of the U. S. A. and the
awful conditions obtaining in the cotton factories and mills and mines.
(5) Tho Oriental worker is iri B.C.
because the employlng-class neod
cheap labor; furthermore, making the
statoment that they take all benefits
and givo none in return, Is stating
a deliberate falsehood. The Oriental,
although his skin is yellow, is helping to produce the wealth of this
country. He is robbed to the same
extent ns the white workers; if he
did not produce a profit he would
not   be  allowed   to   remain   in  B.  C.
Cheap labor brings big profits, and
big profits is the highest ideal of the
owners of the earth. It only needs
common sehse (leave out the vision)
to understand that the yellow workers give more to the country than he
will ever receive.
And, If a question Is raised as to
his right to be here, lake this fact
home: that we do not belong here
either—that tho natives of this country (the real native sons) are caralled
In reserves all over* Canada, and that
condition obtains because of the use
of fire and sword.
Now, a point for the workers. If
a representative of their class turns
almost conservative, by taking a seal
In the city council, heaven only knows
what would happen if he went to Ottawa. I would suggest that the workers keep that typo outside the halls
of legislative bodies.
The only thing to solvo the problem of the toiling masses Is to socialize the means of Ufe; thc mission of
the workers who are awake is to
organize and educate their clans for
the taking over control of their own
lives. And wo need not fool ourselves that by helping the masters
to run their system of oppression that
we can hope i'or tho deliverance of
our people..
A comrade, writing iu last week's
Federationist, gave a dig to thoso
who refused to vote for the mombers
of their class, irrespective of what
they stood for. We beg to differ with
our friend. We vote for a principle
and policy, not for infdviduals; but,
if certain individuals got themselves
established under the banner of labor, and we doubt their sincerity,
thon wo claim the right to withhold
our vote.
When we hear working-class candidates speaking with our master's
voice, it is time to sit up and tako
I, for one, do not believe in being
robbed at tbe point of production,
and, if I wish to sell my principles
to the ruling class, I will do so without any middle men.
I beg to be excused from voting
Tor working mon who have not tho
workers' cause at heart, but wbo aim
at social prominence.
The mention is made of a sick
working woman going to vote for
tho labor candidate. I wonder If she
would have been so anxious If she
had seen one of Bowser's special
henchmen, in the district mentioned,
nailing up the posters of lho C. L, P.
I mention also that at the election
of 1923, in the old country, two women of 72 yoars walked five miles to
vote labor; that working-class women
pawned Ihtdr clothes to provide
money i'or the cause What was the
result? Just this: that J. Ht Thomas
had his daughtors presented at court
and some other labor mis-loaders got
the chanco to wear silk brooches.
No, my friend, wo havo a little
wisdom. Wo wish to benefit from
tbe mistakes of the past, and we are
not to be railroaded Into voting for
any old liberal, labor or conservative.
To 'quote the words of William
Morris, poet and author: "The rich
are rich, and the poor are poor, and
tho rich are rich because they rob
the poor, and what we socialists have
to see to Is to educate tho poor, to
establish a now system ns soon as
possible, where men shall become
men and not slaves; to establish the
co-operative commonwealth where nil
men shall be brothers." (Such la our
To my trade union friends, I would
like to remind them that Bowser set
the machine guns on the Nanaimo
miners, the liberal government set
(hem on the miners of Glace Bay.
(•Tis finished.)
At Meeting of the Greater Vancouver Council of
C. L. P.
A meeting of the Greater Vancouver Council of the Canadian Labor
Party was held on Monday evening
last in the Trades and Labor Council
hall. In the absence of the chairman, Delegate Bartlett occupied the
chair. A communication was received from the North Burnaby branch
of the Federated Labor Party stating
their intention of applying for affiliation with the Canadian Labor Party
after their next regular meeting. Tho
Colllngwood branch of the Federated
Labor Party applied for affiliation
and was admitted, with Delegate
Cropley as their representative. The
question of including Candidate J. W.
Wilson, chosen by the Colllngwood
branch, was discussed. Although it
was felt that they should not endorse
this latter candidate, since they had,
at tho last meeting, dealt with that
matter, nevertheless it was felt that
they could co-operate if tho Colllngwood branch definitely decided to run
their candidato.
The Burnaby Federation of tbo
Federated Labor Party submitted the
following list of candidates for various offices, all of which were endorsed :
For Reeve—... P, Dixon.
For Councillors
For Ward 1—R. Neville.
For Ward 2—H. W. Swann,
For Ward, 3—M. Sorley.
For Ward 4—AV. J. Holdom.
For Ward 5—C. B. Gibbs.
For Ward 6—J. Brown.
For Ward 7—H. Enbory.
Police Commissioner—H.  Bates.
School Trustee?—Alfred Smith and
M. Marino.
Comrade Frank Browne, M.L.A.,
has boen chosen as campaign managor by the Federation.
All comrades and friends are respectfully invited to contribute all
tho financial assistance they can to
the campaign.
The eighteenth century discovered
man; the nineteenth discovered woman; tho early twentieth discovered
the child, and now It's up to the world
to discover humanity.
Timely Topics
fpHE British government is nppdint-
ing a commission to inquire Into
the higher cost or living. Everyone
knows why tho cost of living is hlgh-
ir, Wages have been raised in certain industries, thanks to the efforts
of trade unionists, but the profiteers
and the dividend hunters must not
suffer In consequence. There really
no neod to inquire into such conditions when a slight knowledge of
economics gives ono the key to tho
situation. But commissions provide
work and fancy prices for some folks.
^- *    *    o
No wonder tho law needs all the
skill of lawyers to interpret and
dodge it. One reads of the efforts of
tho "dry squad" and of their success
In tripping up those who find bootlegging a more prosperous business
than their talent or toil could procure iu the ordinary run of business.
But one never reads of the prosecution of those who havo always
thrived on tbe graft known as high
«    *    *
And Standard Oil won't be prosecuted for the breakdown through
poison-gas (tetra-ethyl) of its common laborers hired at 85 merits
per   hour  to   make   profits   for   their
*    *    *
The murder of the Sirdar In Egypt
turnod out a good thing for Britain.
Sho has in effect taken the Soudan,
with the waters of the Nile, thus
fortifying her own economical and
political position. Thus benefitting
the favored cotton growing syndicate
New Year Term Opens January 5, 1925
In All Branches of
Wc Arc Glad to Bo Known by Our Fruits:
1923—Civil Service Exams.:    First Four Places.
J 923—Canadian Typewriting Championship Contest; First, Socond
and Third Places In nearly every clnss.
11121—Civil Service Exams.:    First Six Places.
"By Their Fruits Yo Shall Know Them."
R.  J.  SPROTT,  B.A.,  Mgr.
Phones: Seymour 1810, 7125, 7451 and Fairmont 41
which includes many membors ot the
British  ruling  class.
*    *    •
Britain   champions   the   League   of
Nations—when   tbo   leaguo   concerns
Itself   with   other  countries,   but   re
fuses Its jurisdiction when British
claims are at stake. Britain can best
manage Its own affairs to suit its
own   shareholders.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
Great Program
For New Year Week
Admission Only
15c and 25c
Big Amateur Contest Friday
The forco of economic circumstances will make England dry by
1930.—Bishop James Cannon.
Chlrnprnotor, 70S Dnnimnlr flt.; 10 till 0.
Buy, .1798. Evfi. by appt; Bnndtyi, 9 till 4.
Glajwe* not preacrlbed unit**
■bun) at eir nece-MMy. Usaiul-
Mtlon* mule br «r«ilu»i»
t-reNiKht ■pcclalltt.
ft n tin ruction ku a rant red.
We grliid our own lenaea and
du repair! ii if. L«un duplicated tty mull.
Former!)    tltimn   Optical
Ba   ear*   ot   tb«   addraui
Abave    Wuolwortb'a    Mara,
■ear Uraitvllla
■alte   HU.   UavU   Chamber*
tllO   Hamlas*   St. W.
I'haae ler. 1*71
Ask Tor CATTO'S.    For snle tu all Governmont Liquor Stores
Tbl, advertisement is not published or displayed by tbe Liquor Control Board or
by tbo Oovernment of British Columbia
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET        Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
people think, say and do
Grand Subscription
Free to Subscribers
How ninny words in the English language enn you make
from tlie words:
"Jack Canuck, Toronto"
No proper names are to tie used. Webster's English dictionary will
decide.    In the event of ties, prizes will bo divided pro rata.
With yonr help wo are going to make ilm_k CtimU'k tlie greatest of
all Canadian magazines, a magazine fearless in criticism, untrammelled  by  the big interests,  devoted  to  the  common  people.
Cut out tho form below, fill in your name and address, attach it
to your list of words, enclose tho regular subscription -.rice of $3.50
per annum and mall it to Circulation Department, Jack Canuck
Publishing Co. Limited, 319 Bay Street, Toronto, and your little
investment may make you a fortune.
Mark your enevelope "Cash Prizes."
The amount of money to be divided will be based on the number
of subscribers received, In tho proportion of 50 cents for each new
subscription received. Thus, lf the objective of 100,000 new subscribers ls reached, the amount will be $50,000.00 divided as follow:):
To first subscriber sending in largest correct list....$20,000.00
" second              " "             "       .... 10,000.00
" third                 "   • "              "        ... 5,000.00
" fourth              " "             "       .... 3,000.00
"fifth                  " "              "        .... 2,000.00
" sixth        .        " "              "        .... 1,000.00
" seventh             " "             " 500.00
" eighth              " "             "       .... 300.00
" ninth                " "             "       .... 200.00
Eighty prizes of $100.00 eaoh  8,000.00
Total $50,000.00
Competition closes on thc first day of March, 1(125, at 12 o'clock
p.m.   Rush your entry and get a place among tho big winners.
Circulation Department,  Jack  Canuck,
319 Bay Street, Toronto.
Memliera of
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Allowed to
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