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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Nov 10, 1922

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Official,Organ Vancouver Trades aftd Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
Vancouver and Victoria Trades Councils Strenuously
Oppose Proposed Amendments to Minimum Wage
Act—Say Changes Suggested Are Ruthless
and Would Denv Women Right to
Live as Human Beings
IN term, whieh could nof.■>—'"
misunderstood, rev '
ttves of the Vancouver on.dK i-iorla
Trades and Labor councils voiced
their opinions lust Friday on the
employers' proposals with respect
to the amending of the Provincial
Minimum Wage Act.
The delegation consisted ot P. R.
Bengough, Mrs. Mahon and Mrs.
Dolk of the Vancouver TradeB and
Labor Council, B. S. Woodward, B,
Simmons and B. 0. Peele of th.
Victoria central labor body.
Referring to the proposals mad.
by the employers, the representatives of labor pointed out that they
were no more or less than ruthless
proposals to take away all semblance of safeguard for female
workers? They also pointed out
that even with the act as at present constructed, there were not too
many sa.egua.ds for women worksrs, and that oven these were violated.
The following ls the written text
Of the statement presented by the
Joint delegation to the Minister of
Labor, Hon. A. M. Manson, at the
Parliament Buildings, at Victoria:
Purpose Forgotten
"In th. first place we would respectfully submit that the very
purpose of the act has been forgotten or Ignored by the Manufactures' Association In drafting the
changes they propose. The purpose
ot the act Is to prevent the exploitation of female labor at wages Insufficient to provide the essentials
of happy life. The purpose of the
proposed changes is obviously to
facilitate such exploitation. One
after the other the safeguards contained ln the present act are ruthlessly thrown aside and in their
place are offered a series of amendments which lf adopted would reduce the act to the status of a
meaningless farce. Tf the welfare
of the employee was the main consideration of the framers of the
present statute, and if such Is
•till the guiding principle of legislators, it would be fatal to substitute the clumsy proposals of the
Legislative Committee of the British Columbia division ot the Canadian Manufacturers' Association
ler the.well-conceived safeguards
contained ln the present act. .
"A Retrograde Step"
"Consider lor Instance the attack made upon tha hoard aa at
present constituted and the proposed substitution of a board consisting bf two representative employers of female labor and two
representative female employees.
It Is quite obvious that the two fe-
snale employees would not be free
agents, and would but very ineffectually strive to maintain the
rights of their fellows. If any
changes are considered desirable ln
the constitution of the board we
would suggest that tbe three present members be retained, and that
one employer and one employee
represenatlve be added. The latter should be aelected by the Provincial Executive of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada. To-per-
Steam Engineers Willing
i to Talk Amalgamation
The Engineers held their regular
meeting on Thursday, Nov. 2, at
which there was a fair attendance,
and several new members admitted,
and quite a lot of Interesting discussion.
A letter was received from
a member reporting a poor
state of affairs at the Sumas Lake
reclamation work, an an Investigation is to be made. The letter Intimated that the business agent of
the Steam Shovel and Dredgcmen
Is supplying engineers for this job,
•aid engineers working below the
acale and lnoger than an eight-
hour day for straight time.
This matter wae discussed ln conjunction with the report of the delegates to the get-together meeting of
the Trades Council, and lt assisted
greatly tn forcing the members to
Instruct thel. delegates to the
Trade Council to oppose the affiliation of dual organizations. At the
same time the delegates were instructed to support any move having for its objective the removal of
any objections to the affiliation of
any other bona fide labor unions.
The meeting was of the opinion
that a dual organization was a
standing menace and the application of such to the councU would
be a sign of recognition. They
were therefore of the opinion that
the best way to treat these organ-
laalons was to Ignore them and let
them perish in their splendid isolation. Local 844 is willing to talk
amalgamation at all times, but owing to the fact of there being so
many organizations of engineers
they cannot for the moment contemplate recognizing but one organization of engineers; they feel
that lt ls bad enough to be divided
according to craft, without countenancing any further division
within the craft Itself. At present
there are at least Ave organizations
that are attempting to claim jurisdiction over some, or all certificated
engineers, and ln the opinion of
Local 844, "Enough's enough, but
too much Is plenty."
twit two employers to alt at the
Nne table with two unprotected
\ iale employees would be a retro-
de step that would Incur the option of the large majority of
ti Against Mutilation
% aider further the proposal to
dt %'a the board of its right to Inspect payrolls and other records
and to demand sworn statements at
will from employers concerning
wages, hours, and other conditions
of labor. Without such powers the
board would be quite unable to
prevent and detect breaches of the
act and such breaches would be
committed with impunity. We desire to enter a most emphatic protest against any such mutilation of
the board's powers. In this connection we would strongly urge
that the keeping of standardized
payrolls and records be made compulsory on all employers of females
in the province.
Downward Revision
"The proposals to hold meetinga
for the consideration of wages and
conditions only on request ln writ"
ing from bodies of employera and
groupa of employees would appear
to us to be Inspired by a desire to
effect a downward revision of
wages regardless of the cost of
living. Employers would have no
hesitation In making such demands
in writing but employees would be
able to exercise no such freedom.
We would ask you to consider very
earnestly the position of employees
who should venture, over their own
signatures, to take the Initiative in
demanding an increase of wages.
The machinery of the Manufacturers' Association ls known to be
working very efficiently and it
would be difficult Indeed to remove
the fear of the employees that such
activity would not result sooner or
later to thetr disadvantage. The
present act gives the board power
to initiate proceedings for the Axing of wages without such written
demand, but requires »-d*mand In
writing for the reconsideration of
a wage when once determined. This
latter clause ahould be amended to
permit the board to raise wages at
any time that such Increase la necessitated by an Increase in the cost
of living.
Keynote or Situation
"The proposal to peianlt the
Board to fix wages of female labor
without taking into consideration
the cost of living Is surely the most
daring and Impudent proposal ever
made to a board which holds In
(Continued on page 1)
Twenty-four New Railroads Sign up with
Organized Labor
Great Northern Has "Its
Own Union" with All
the Trimmings
The situation of the Railway
Shop crafts itrlke Is looking brighter each week. The last report,
dated Oct 27, ls that 24 ratlroads
signed up during the week, mak
ing a total of 129 up to this date.
Below is a copy of an application
form of the Great Northern Railway Co. for employment bly the
replacement men. In it will be
seen the liberty and latitude these
loyal servants enjoy when going
into the world to help their fellowman.
"In consideration of your placing
or keeping me upon the payroll of
your shop craft employees, and
permitting me to enter or continue
In your employment, I agree to, and
do hereby, join the association organization of Shop Craft Employees
of the Great Northern Railway Co.
I also agree to withdraw from
membership tn any other shop
craft employees, and agree that I
Will not become a member of any
such organization, while remaining
in your employment.
"I also agree to the deduction
from my wages of the sum of $1 as
Initiation fee for membership ln
the above organization, and likewise to the deduction of such dues
or assessments as may be levied by
my local district committee or by
the employee membors of the system Joint board of adjustment, provided that neither the dues nor the
assessments levied by the local
committee or by the employee
members of the system board of
adjustment shall exceed the sum
of 26c In any one month, or such
other limit aa may be determined
In accordance with the constitution
of this organization; and provided
further, that the Initiation fees,
duea or assessments so deducted,
shall be paid over to the committees
ot officers of this organization entitled to receive the same, under
the nrovisior.s of said constitution."
There arc, at the local roundhouso and local yards, twenty of
theBe men, and one wonders how
many of our Vancouver citizens
can look on these twonty with anything but contempt.
This Is in the U.S.; but It Is "US" Too
Middle Class Is Now Facing Same Problem as
Purchasing   Power    of
Savers Has Been Hit
Very Hard
[By Louis F. Loohner]
(European  Dir.  Federated  Press)
Berlin—One of the most moving
figures in Germany today, and one
whose plight Is among the saddest
ls the so-called "Kleinrentner."
There is no exact equivalent of this
term in the English language; I
must define it by circumspection.
The "Klenrentner" is the small
tradesman, or professional man, or
artisan who through the yeara before the war, accumulated enough
money so that, under ordinary conditions, he would have been able to
enjoy a quiet old age, free from
economic cares. . For the most part
he has Invested his money ln a
bank. In many cases, too, he has
bought a little real estate. He has
little to do with commercial paper
or with speculative investments, All
he wanted was for his savings to
bring th ordinary legal Interest,
from which he then hoped to live
for the rest of his days.
Fall of Mark
With the catastrophic downward
course of the German mark, this
man or woman has been hit terrifically. The purchasing power of
his accumulated marks Is almost
nil. His savings at the bank are
(Continued on page I)
Italian Right Wing Takes
Another Step to
Rome—When the congress of
the Italian Socialist Party met ln
Rome after expulsion of the right
wing, Its first act was to vote on
Serratl's proposal, Its adhesion to
tho Third International. The congress decided to abolish all Socialist daily papers except Avanti, In
whose editorship Serratl was confirmed, and to establish a united
Labor front with tho Communists.
The reformist right wing met in
separate congress and decided to
call their party tho Socialist Unitarian Party. Thli party will now
include 80 deputies and the Socialist Panty 40 deputies.
As a sequel to the schism In the
Socialist Party, the management
committee of the General Federation of Labor has decided to renounce Its alllanco with the Socialist Party and to proclaim Its Independence of all political parties.
Scores Immigration Plans
While People
Opposes Suggested Minimum Wage Law
Harry Neelands, member of the
Provincial House for South Vancouver, speaking to the Speech
from tho Throne, on Tuesday,
again referred to the unemployed
He said he considered lt Important enough to refer to upon ALL
occasions, and that the degree of
unemployment did not enter into
the case, as It is Just as serious to
an individual out of work as if
thousands were with him. While
our object Is elimination of the
system which caused the condition,
In the meantime It is the duty of
the governing bodies, Federal, provincial and municipal, to alleviate
as much as possible by undertaking
public works.   _
He said workers were largely responsible themselves, as If they had
the ordinary Intelligence of an Insect commonly known as a bee,
they would throw out tlie "drones"
and eat the food which they had
(Continues on page 2)
Says Investigations Are
|      Whitewashing
Socialist  Member  Deals
With Problems of
Sam Guthrie, Socialist member
for Newcastle, caused considerable
heart-burning in government ranks
on Tuesday, when he referred to
the mine disaster at Cumberland,
in which 18 men loBt their lives.
He stated, that at the entrance to
•every mine, there ts a notice in
large ' type, which reads: "Safety
First," but what really comes-flrst
is coal, which means profit... He
also gave a resume of the history
pf mining disasters, and pointed
but that in the year 1909, thlrty-
,|wo men were killed at Extension;
.Nineteen men were drowned at
Bouth Wellington, and that shortly
afterwards, twenty-two men were
killed tn the Reserve mine near
iNenaimo, and that the latest disaster at Cumberland was the cause
of the death of eighteen miners.
He stated that the Investigation
Into these disasters were nothing
but whitewashing arrangements,
and that ln tho Cumberland disaster, tho whole Investigation was
(Continued on page 3)
World News in Brief Paragraphs
Chicago—New Russia will be de-'
scribed from personal observation
by Capt. Paxton Hibben at a meeting ln the Great Northern theatre
Nov. 12, at which Clarence Darrow
is to preside. Russiun reconstruction will be discussed by Hibben at
a dinner at the City Club Nov. 10.
Melbourne, Australia—At a conference of delegates of branches of
the Housewives Association, lt waa
decided to establish a women's political party. It was held that It
was desirable that women should
secure election to the Stato and
Federal legislatures In view of the
growing Importance of proper legislation dealing with women's conditions and child life.
London—Recent court cases of
street solicitation by womon lend.)
a point to the demands of women'a
societies that convictions should
follow only upon evidence by the
men solicited, and not merely upon
police evidence. It ls stated that
overy yoar 3000 women are imprisoned and another 3000 fined on
chargos of soliciting for conventionally immoral purposes without any
evidence except that of the policemen who arrested them, to whose
intorest lt Is that convictions should
be secured,
Vienna—A member of the Hungarian embassy hero declares that
the Hungarian "Awakening May-
gar" party received a lettor from
the Italian Fascisti, signed by Mus-
'aollni, calling upon them to he
ready to seize the Hungarian government and to Join Italy in war
against Jugo-Stavitt. The Fascist!
have formed a secret international
committee, which is entrusted with
preparations for concerted action
between the Fascisti and tho Hungarian and German monarchists.
, London—Prompt action on the
part of the Co-operative Union of
Great Britain, supported by the
British Labor movement, in opposing war with Turkey, is assigned
hore as tho real cnuse of the downfall of Lloyd George. Four and a
half million co-ope ral ora made
.their Influence felt In support of a
manifesto, demanding that the
freedom of tho Straits be dotorniln-
'od by the League of Nations or
-onto other international arbitrator,
nnd not by a fresh dolugo of blood.
The co-operators tako the stand
that war destroys, whilo tho cooperative societies are seeking lo
do constructive work.
London—Reginald MtfKcnna has
admitted to a correspondent of thc
London Dally Herald that some of
tho points ho recently put forward
In his speech to American bankers
In Now York were advanced by the
Labor Party at the elections of
1918. Ho ndded that ho did not
fhlnk tho German govornment to
blame for the fall of tho mark, as
they had to mnko external payments by selling marks, and the
fall was therefore Inevitable.
Tom Uphill Raps the Minister of Public
Urges   Amendments   to
Workmen's Compensation Act
Tom Uphill, Labor member for
Fernle, added his quota to the discomfiture of the government when
speaking to the speech from the
throne during tho past week. His
rmarks were more confined to local
affairs than Sam Guthrie's or R. 11.
Neeland's, but they struck home.
He stated that he could not, like
the member for Nelson, congratulate the Minister of Public Works
on what his department had done,
for he stated that Uttle had come
to the Fornie district. He referred
to the plans which the Minister of
Public Works had produced, but
intimated that all there was to It
was the plans and no work or
roads. He gave Instances of road
work which had been promised, but
which had never been started. He
invited tho Minister of Public
Works to visit his district and laid
Bpecial emphasis on the needs of
Referring to the Aluthers' Pension Act, he stated that this net had
been passed to catch thc women's
votes, but that many women bad
been denied tho benefits of tbe net.
Continuing, he said it was absurd to sny that a person owning
property to the value nf $l,G0O Is
'Continued on Page 8)
Pay Debt That German
Unions Cannot
Stockholm, Sweden.—In 1909,
whon the Swedish workers wore engaged In a genernl strike and an
appeal was issued to the Workers
of other countries to come to their
aid, the organized workera of Germany made them a present ol
1,21*0,000 crowns and loaned them
500,000 crowns.
Today, lu 1922, the General Federation of Free Trade Unions of
Germany finds itself unable to repay a loan of 600,000 crowns whicb
they obtained from Swedish bant..-,
by virtue of the fart that the Swedish federation went security.
The Swedish workers, remembering how thcir brothers and sisters
in Germany came to tbeir aid 1.1
year ago, have paid tbeCOO.OOO to
tho banks and have sont their German fellow workers tho receipted
bill as an act of gratitude und solidarity.
Protection for Stmt Railway Men Urged—One-man
Car Under Criticism—Alderman Pettipiece in
Clash with Alderman Scribbcns—Trades
Congress Is Urged to Appoint
Provincial Executive
•-THE usual procedure of the Van-1 'pany on work If tt waa ratified ai
* couver Trades and Labor Council meetings was varied on Tuesday evening, by the introduction of
delegations, and the discussion of
matters which are not usually
looked upon as being within the
purview of Labor organizations,
The meeting was, however, one of
the best and most interesting that
haa been held for some time, the
B, C. Blectric Railway agreement
with the city being the centrepiece, and Vice-President Bartlett,
who presided, In the absence of
President Neelands, who is attending to his legislative duties at Victoria, had his hands full to handling the meeting, and the various
matters under discussion.
Street Railway Agreement
The debate on the B. C. Electric
agreement was started by Delegate
Pettipiece, under the order of new
business, when he asked that W. H.
Cottrell, business agent of the
Street and Blectric Rallwaymen, be
asked to give his views.
Business Agant Cottrell stated
that he was not there to speak, but
to listen, as he had been informed
that the matter would be discussed,
but he was not there to discuss It,
but to hear what was said.
Delegate Pettipiece then went
into the history of the negotiations
which had been carried on between
thc city and the company, and stated that by a vote of five to three,
the City Council, In May last, had
given an extension to the six-cent
fare until December 16 of this year,
and had also sanctioned a clause
in the agreement, which says ln
effect, that in tho event of the city
and the company not being able to
arrive at an agreement, a tribunal
shall be appointed by the govern
ment at Victoria to adjudicate on
the dispute. He stated that he had
opposed thia tribunal, and had supported an arbitration board, und
that the mlBtukc had been made by
the City Council when tt was tn
the premier position ond could have
dictated the terms.
Referring to the agreement submitted by the company a few days
ago, Delegate Pettipiece stated
that the company had agreed to a
compromise, and would accept i
four-year agreement Instead as originally suggested, one for five
yeara, and that the council now
stands five to three in favor of the
Workers Interested
Continuing, he stated that the
workers were Interested ln the
agreement, as It provided for the
spending of $980,000 by the com-
New Central Council for
Political Action Is
All  Branches of  Labor
Join in Securing
United Front
[By E. E. R.)
'We are making history ln the
Labor movement of Edmonton tonight," was tlio way In whieh newly-elected President Geo. Latham
of the Central Council of the Canadian Labor Party, described tho
meeting of delegates who gathered
in  Labor Hull on  Monday,  Oct .10,
to bring Edmonton Labor's new
political organization into being,
225 delegates' representing an ain-
Ilated membership of 8400 wore in
attendance and practically every
organization of Labor in Bdmonton
Industrial, political and educational, was represented, Some of the
organizations whieh havo afflliated
are: The Canadian Labor Party,
branch No. I, Md mon ton Trades
and Lahor ("ouncil, Workers Party,
Ukrainian Workers Party, Labor
Church, people's Educational Bociety, and practically all trade
unions in the city, Including Division 796 Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginoers, machinists, printers, carmen, carpenters, bricklayers, metal workers and others,
To Unite 1-ahor
The meeting wae the result of
an effort put forth by a provincial
committee, composed of the executive of the Canadian Labor Parly,
branch No. 1 ami the Trades and
Labor Council, to bring into helm;
antral council of Edmonton l-*a-
hor for political purposes. All Labor organizations, Industrial, political or educational were invited to
participate and tbo response was
(trout beyond evon lho fondest
hopos of the provisional committee. Apparently tltfld of the disunity of Labor In Edmonton on
the political Held in the post, trade
unionists aud other Labor bodJo*-
grasped at the opportunity of uniting nil organizations by alllllatlon
with one central council for political action.
Provisional Committer Reports
The report of tho provisional
committee was the flrat Important
(Continued on page 4)
It now stands, and that he had
agreed, that If the company would
let tt go to a plebiscite, and If thit
course was pursued, It would do
away with the necessity of an appeal to a tribunal appointed by the
provincial government, lf adopted
by the people. He also stated that
Mr. Murrin had said that he could
put the six-cent fare up to any
tribunal and get It ratified.
Referring to the effect of the
fares on the position of the 16<i0
employees of the company. Delegate Pettlplece stated that any. reduction of fares would place the
company In the position that the
first objective would be to take It
out of the hides of Its employees,
and for that reason, he urged that
the agreement be ratified. He regretted that the Street Railwayman
were not represented on the council, but took the position that If the
agreement was ratified, the position
of the Street Railway employees,
as far as wages were concern-? i,
would be ensured. He also stated
that as he was pledged to tho Fed*.
era.ed Labor Party, he would have
tn Riinnort the plebiscite in the City
AM. Scribhons Airs Views
Alderman Scrlbbens, who was
present, asked for the floor, and
his request was granted. He stated
that he agreed with Delegate Pettlplece as to the need for thc affiliation of the Street Railwaymen with
the council, but considered that tbe
council had come to a hasty decision on the six-cent faro, when it
had decided to oppose the new
agreement on that basis. He also
stated that the Street Railwaymen
had informed him that if the fares
were reduced, wages would follow
suit, and it was for tbls reason he
had taken the stand he had in May
Referring to Alderman Pettl-
piece's attitude, he stated that Alderman Pettipiece had voted for
every clnuse of the agreement, until
the one for the appointment of a
tribunal was reached, and he could
not swallow this, and had voted
against the entire thing for thot
reason. He urged tho support of
the agreement, because It was In
the Interests of the company's employees, and all other workers, because lf the wages of the Street
Railwaymen were cut, all other
workera would have the reflection
of that cut In their conditions..
Pettlplece Denies
Alderman Pettlplece denied that
he had voted for all clauses, and
stated that the company had shied
clear of the arbitration provisions
which he proposed. He also stated
that If tho people were willing to
wait for four years, as the company
was now willing to compromise on
the length of the agreement for arbitration, then he was; but if his
view hnd been adoptod In M*jy last,
then the board of arbitration would
have sat in December, 1922.
Delegato Nixon asked if there
was any agreement that tbe wages
(Continued on page a)
Historical Event Recognized by Vancouver
The joint whist drive and dance
held under the auspices of the
Workers Party, tlie South Vancouver Labor League, and thc Solely
Tor Technical Aid for Soviet Russia, in the Clinton Hull, on Nov. 7,
tbe flfth anniversary of tlie Hus-
Blan Proletarian Revolution, was a
decided  success,
Somo three hundred people gathered togothor to celebrate this historical event, and all pre.oiu had a
good time. The chief feature, outside of the enjoyment which cards
and dancing give, was the speech
made by Qeorge Tether, and the
singing of the "Hod Ping," which
not usual events at whist drives
and dance.*-.
Referring to the Russian Revolu*
tlon, Comrade Tether said in part:
It Is only live short yenr-j ago that
the Russian workers tonic tho step
which freed them from the rule of
their maatera; they have been five
years of suffering and misery, but ■
the Russian workors are free.
Referring to lhe counter-revolutionary forces which hud operated
against the workers, he pictured ihe
sufferings which had been caused
by the blockade of Soviet RumeI.i.
and In conclusion, urged his hen>-
crs to drop their platitudious utterances and to Join in the working
class movement, so that aid could
he given to Russia and the needs of
the world's workers supplied.
Building Permits
Nov. 3—2838 Turner St.. Wong
On, dwelling, K'ooo.
Nov. -1—1001 Pender Wast, It. P.
Forshaw, dairy, |70fl0: 2206 Pays-
water. P. Johnston, dwelling, $3000.
Nov. 7—403 St. Catherines, Jas.
Bdgerton, dwelling, $2500) 2lfi
Fifth Ave. East, P. lleiulerson,
dwelling. $2fi00; 2351 (Irnveley, H.
I),  Crawford,  dwelling,  12800.
Hand your neighbor this copy nf
"he Federationist. and then call
•"..und next day for a snbscrlp;ion. PAGE TWO
__________ _____ no. 40  mm'lSH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST v
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Business Olllce:    1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office:    Room 300," 319 Pender Street West
Editorial Board:    P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands,
J. M. Ciarl., George Bartley.
Subsc rip tion Rates: United States and Foreign, $3.00
per year: Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50 for six
months; to Unions subscribing in a body, lfic per
member per month,
Unity of Labor:   Tlie Hope ol' tlie World
FRIDAY November   10,   1922
The New Terror Is "White"
Not Red
F' OR A CONS! DURABLE time the people
have been fed on "Red menace news" by
the capitalistic press. A new menace has now
arisen, lt is the white terror, which is best
exemplified by the Fascisti in Italy. Law and
order is the stand-by of the ruling class, but
law and order is not very much considered by
thc class which enacts the law when the power
of that class is threatened, and in Italy, as in
the United States and Great Britain, the ruling class is determined to rule no matter
what the cost may be. Power and domination is all which a ruling class needs, and
given that power and domination, the slaves
of the present order are made to comply with
their master's needs.
* *      *
When the workers of Russia took steps to
rid themselves of their masters, they were
likened to inhuman beasts, who had no human
instincts. Their acts were termed the acts of
barbarians. When the counter-revolutionists,
plotting with the capitalistic nations, were arrested and goaled, howls arose from every
government the world over, and even so-called
Labor men made their protests against the
acts of the Soviet government, but they never
protested against the activities of the Fascisti
in Italy. Oh, no; law and order prevailed
there. Law and order, as thc workers too
well know, which was the law and order of
ihe ruling class.
• *      •
Thc Fascisti in Italy is the White Terror.
It, is the last resort of a ruling class in its
extremity.   Its activities are peculiar in view
of thc sacred regard which thc  employing
elass has for "private property,," and because
of thc fact that the property of the workers in
the shape of labor halls and other buildings
devoted to working class activities, are destroyed without let or hindrance.   The "law"
' not recognizing any sacredness in the property
of working class property.    The following,
taken from an international press statement,
is sufficient to show how the "Bloodless Revolution" of Mussolini was carried out:
"Where in thc whole of Europe, in the
whole world—except in Mexico and aome
republics of South and Central America,
is there a country like Italy which has
bcen ravaged by the Fascisti, where undor the connivance of thc government
and in utter disregard of law, Co-operative, stores,  trade union  quarters  and
people's houses are systematically burned
down, town halls captured, the resignation   of   thc   authorities   enforced,   thc
priests driven away, unpopular persons
banished and propaganda carried on by
the revolver?  In Italy alone has this culmination of reaction been reached."  Thus
is the situation described, not by a Communist organ, but by Italia, the paper of
thc Catholic Party.
# *      *
There are many people, who while they see
the activities of the White forces in other
countries than thcir own, imagine that such
activities as have been indulged in by the
ruling class in Italy, could never be tolerated
in thc lands in which they live. But Great
Britain has a lesson for the workers of all
British dominions. In fact, Lloyd George,
puppet and unprincipled tool of the ruling
class of thc British Empire, has bcen discarded after he had served thc purpose for
whieh he was selected, and thc ruling class
has now taken control of the situation without any middleman entering into the scheme
of things, ln othor words, thc AVhite Guard
of Great Britain has assumed control, and the
workers of the British Isles must from now on
expect that the Black and Tans, which were
employed in Ireland, will now be used against
them. Fascistism is not an Italian product.
It is the product of capitalism, and will be
the •method used by the ruling class thc world
over, as predicted by Jack London in his
"Iron Heel," when the workers show fight,
and the Italian workers showed fight when
they took the factories and operated them
in 1920. Boring from within has been looked
upon as a real menace to thc Labor movement
when thc radicals have been the borers, but
thc boring inside thc trades unions in Italy
has been for some time a ruling class proclivity, and thc sooner the world's workers
realize that there are two kinds of boring, one
in the interests of the workers, and tho other
for master class interests, the sooner they will
be able to organize to combat a united International White Terror,
* *      »
Speaking of the attack on the workers in
Italy by thc Fascisti, Tcrracini has the following to say:
The attack began in thc night of Aug.
3. Tlie plans had been carefully laid out,
tho aggressors were armed with all thc
weapons of modern warfare, and protected by thc forces of the State against any
resistance. Ten thousand men against
Ancona, 20,000 against Parma, 15,000
against Milan, 15,000 against Genoa, 500
against Livorno, equipped with machine
guns, aeroplanes, cavalry, provision and
ammunition wagons, artillery and tanks.
Thc State troops remained a "neutral
witness" to the struggle. But thc workers rose to thc defence, led by thc Communist organizations.
Wm. Z. Foster, in his worlt, "Revolutionary
Crisis of 1918, of 1921. lu Gormany, England,
Italy and France," written in 1921, depicts
the.real Fascisti In the following words:
The method of Ihe Fascisti is calculated
organized  terrorism.    They aim lo paralyze [he workers with naked fonr and to
Il-IDAY November 10, 11122
destroy every semblance of organization
and independence among them. Murder,
arson, rape, kidnapping and the systematic violation of every right, human and
civil of the workers, are thc means they
use in thcir work of destruction. One of
their favorite tactics is thc so-called "punitive expedition." Commonly this horror developed as follows: For some real
or fancied grievance, the Fascisti would
decide to punish the workers in a certain
town. To this end they would assemble
their cohorts from the surrounding country, som climes to the number of many
thousands, and then make an armed, automobile raid in force upon the ill-fated
community. Then they would proceed lo
brutally shoot and beat men and women,
destroy working elass property, and generally act as thugs until their fine "patriotic" instincts were satisfied. When the
invaders departed, usually there would
not be a stick or a stone of anything relating to Labor left standing. Such "punitive expeditions" happened in scores, if
not hundreds of Italian cities and towns,
particularly in thc industrial north. They
have resulted in the death of large numbers of workers and 4he destruction of
many Labor temples, co-operatives, newspaper plants, etc. A recent estimate calculated thc ravages of the Fascisti as follows: Workers killed, 400; wounded, 3500;
Labor temples, etc., destroyed, 150.
If thc above words do not stir the workers
of this continent and inspire them to organize,
then we ean only say that the workers will
never organize, and will eventually become
the prey of tho White Terror, and be destroyed.
Intellectuality and Action.
VANCOUVER has for some time, in working
* class circles, been considered the centre of
gravity, the hub of the universe, and the home
of thc intellectuals. But intellectuality, without aetion, has brought the workers of British
Columbia just what could be expected, and
that is nothing. Just as the men who went
to France were told that "nothing was too
good for them," so thc workers on the coast
havo been told that nothing could be done for
them; but conditions must eventually force
them to take action.
* *     *
While it is hardly good taste to knock one'a
own town, even though the individual may not
own a stick in it, and all that he can call his
own is on his back, even though it may be
lousy or dirty with the grime of ages, yet
the fact remains that Vancouver is not where
it should be in the working elass movement.
It has too many intellectuals, and too few men
who realize that action counts. In other
words, the intellect of certain individuals has
become the only source of joy to those beings
and the working class movement, instead of
being the objective of their efforts has become
subservient to their great knowledge and
* *     *
While not deprecating knowledge, realizing
thaj knowledge, if applied, is power, we recognize that working class activities can only
be stimulated when knowledge is applied to the
movement of the workers. Therefore, the
cxamplo set by the workers of Edmonton in
starting a move for a united political front,
appears to us more useful than thc storcd-up
knowledge of some self-satisfied individuals on
this Coast, who are afraid to move for fear of
thcir knowledge being questioned.
It may be claimed that thc move mado in
Edmonton is not scientific; it is, however, a
move, and if the effort put forth results in
thc working class of Edmonton getting a
movo on, then we have no fear as to the results. As previously stated m these columns,
the workers can only learn by experience,
and the experience they get by moving will bc
greater than any lessons they can learn by
sitting at the feet of high priests, bc they Socialistic or theologians.
Little Girl's Action Saved
One Man from
From Oreat Falls comes a slory
of a worker who desorted- the
strikers and went hack to worlt.
When ho returnod from work on
the first night of ills venture in
scnbber.v, his little six-year-old
daughter lhat always ran down the
street to meet him, failed to appear.
He wondered at tills, and as he
entered the gate to his home saw
her sitting on the stoop.
Always before she had run to
meet him, and pour out to him the
happenings of the day. But this
time sho did not look at him, and
she did not speak to him.
Finally the father opened the
conversation, "Why don't you talk
to me tonight, littlo girl? Why
didn't you come to meot me?"
"Papa, are you a scab?" she enquired.
"At school today the other children wouldn't play with me. They
said that my father was a scab.
Aro you a scab, papa?"
The father didn't answer. He
didn't try to explain. But next
morning hs did not go back. He
reported at strike headquarters,
and told the secretary, "that little
girl of mine made me realize the
terrible thing I was doing. I'm
with the boys to a finish from now
on. Ood, but I'll be glndHo be able
to tell her her dad ls not a scab.'
Butte Bulletin.
Organized Labor
Protests Against
Employers' Proposals
.     (Continued   from   page  1)
The Dual Union Questions
COME MEMBERS of organized Labor in
- Vancouver imagine that dual unionism does
not retard the movement in this city. But
facts cannot lie, and the situation is so serious
that any man who has thc right idea as to the
objects of the working olass movement, which
must of necessity be, lhat the workers must be
united, must sec that the dual organizations
which exist in this city, must be eliminated,
and a real unity brought about by the members of these organizations being absorbed by
tho recognised Labor organizations, and later
by thc amalgamation of the eraft unions into
industrial unions.
*      *      *
W. '— Foster sums the situation in the following words:
Since the dual programme was outlined,
almost thirty years ago by DcLcon, it has
wasted a prodigious amount of invaluable
rebel strength. Tens of thousands of thc
very best militants over produced by thc
American Labor movement, have devoted
themselves to it whole-bcartedlV, and have
expended oceans of energy in order to
bring the longed for new Labor movement into realization. But they were
pouring water upon sand. Thc parched
Sahara of dual industrial unionism has
swallowed up their efforts, and left hardly a trace behind. Thc numerically insignificant dual unions of today arc a poor
bargain indeed in return for thc enormous
price they have cost.
t.        .       .
But industrial unions cannot bc brought
into being while in local circles throughout
the continent, dual local unions exist, Dual
unions are not necessarily national organizations, but they prevent the organization of
the workers in the local cities in which they
exist as do the national dual unions prevent
the organization of the workers ou national
lines. The first necessity is local organization, and if the organized workers of Vanoouver will for a time devote 11• cit* attention
to this part of the work of Lubor organization, they would be able to play a greater part
in the. international working class movement.
Three Boards Sit on Railway Labor Dispute "
By John Robur
Ottawa, Can.—There have been
IS labor disputes on the Canadian
railways this summer and fall
which have led to application for
boards of investigation under the
Industrial Disputes Act. This measure provides not for compulsory arbitration but for compulsory investigation before either a strike or a
lockout takes place. There has been
neither a strike nor a lockout on
the Canadian railways this summer and up to the present Ume
only 11 boards have been appointed,' though in two instances
thc dispute has been withdrawn
from the board in its early stages.
Four applications for boards ,are
still before the department of
labor, but they involvo relatively
small bodies of employeea. Every
application for a board of Investigation has come from the employees.
The most critical disputo in Canada, as In the. United Statos, wns,
thut between the shopmen and the
companies. In this connection throe
boards sat to deal with disputes
on tho Canadian sections of the
Michigan Central, the Pere Marquette, and the Now York Central.
All three United States roads
agreed to suspend reductions In pay
pending the hearings. The boards
did not settle tho disputes but their
reports formed bases for further
negotiations which preserved
peace. In the case of the Now
York Central there was a unanimous report and tho company
agreed to accept Canadian rates of
puy and conditions. Reduced wages
wont Into effoct In all cases.
The Canadian railway systems
long refused to suspend reductions
in pay and tho sitting of tho"board
In this caae was accordingly delayed. Finally pressure by the Dominion Government secured a qualified assent, the companies reserving their legal rights, and the board
proceeded. Tho hearing was ln the
end Inconclusive, not settling the
main issue at all, but merely postponing the coming into force of the
reductions from mid-July to mld-
\ugust. Negotiations for a per:
mnnent agreement are still on.
The real result of the board Incident wns to bring out a government
Interpretation of the law which
forbade a reduction in pay until
after a board had reported on nn
assertion by the railways of their
right to muke reductions without
waiting for a board. This Is a question that has not beon settled by
tho courts.
Four boards havo doult with disputes relating to railway clerks,
freight-handlers and associated
crafts, ln the case of the Canadian
Pacific and lho Pore Marquette tho
men were represented by tho International Brotherhood of Railway
and Steamship Clerks, Freight
Handlers, Express and Station im<
ployees; in thc Orand Trunk thc
tjion belonged to this organization
and to tho Canadian Brotherhood
of Railway Employeos, whilo the
Cnnndinn.. Brotherhood., was., solo
representative on tho Canadian National.
The boards which sat In the Canadian Nutlonul and the C. P. H,
disputes reported ngainst reductions, with the companies' representatives dissenting, while on ^hq
Pere Marquette the cut was postponed nnd left to negotiation or the
U. S. Railway Labor Board. On tho
Grand Tumk the reduction was
postponod, and the Una! report oi
the hoard has not yet been made.
The C. P. R. has refused to accept
the roport and Is Insisting on a cut.
Negotiations are still on with tho
Canndlan National. V
A dispute between the Canadian
railways and their maintenance at-
way men, for which a board was appointed, was settled by dlroct negotiations. In tho case of the C.P.R.
telographors, tho company withdrew tho proposed reduction and
tlio bourd did not Bit. Tho roport
of a board which Investigated a dispute between tho C. P. R. and Its
navigators, etc., on British Columbia ink?-, has not yet boon received.
Two of tbo boards yet under consideration woro applied for by
steam shovel and dredgomon on tho
C. P. R. and C. N. n. It Myajit
likely that boards will bo appointed.
The other two yet to be dealt with
lave boot! applied for by the parlor
_n<l dining car employees of the
C. P.  R. nntl thc. G. T. It
tru_t the well-being of the girls of
the province. Such a proposal ls
ail attempt to destroy the very intent of the act. The/Words in the
present act which the employers
w.oiild thus delete ure "ontalncd In
Section 7 and read as follows: 'On
lioquest of the board, it shall be
we duty of the conference to
recommend to tho bourd ahd estimate of the minimum wage proper in the occupation or lnduslry in
question, and adequate to supply
the necessary cost of living.' If
these words are permitted to be de-
letod the wholo act might be repealed without loss to female employees of the province.
Degrading Servitude
"Another daring and destructive
suggestion is that all restrictions
shall be removed in regard to the
number of apprentices and unskilled assistants who may be employed at tesB than the minimum
fixed for skilled employees. Evidently the employers hope to fill
up with this class of cheap labor
to tho detriment of those who by
service and merit have earned their
right to the full minimum filed by
the board. We feel suro that thto
proposal will carry conviction to
the Minister of Labor that the Legislative Committee of the B. C.
Division of the Canadllan Manufacturers'. Association Is more than
anxious to reduce female employees to a position of degrading
servitude than to assist ln the enforcement «_ an adequate Minimum
Wage Act.
"In conclusion we would aay that
in our opinion the present board
has sought to discharge its duty
to the working girls of the province and has been scrupulously
fair in Its- decisions. We think
that a paid board giving full time
to the act and its enforcement
might perchance display more
initiative than can reasonably be
expected from an honorary board.
Nevertheless It Is a pleasure to
bear testimony that In our opinion
the bourd has regarded its duties as
a sacred trust and has functioned In
the best interests of the girls of the
province. All changes should be
examined very carefully to aacer-
tain whether they aro or are not
inspired by a desiro to exploit those
whom the act would protect."
Neelands Again Urges
Aid for the Idle
(Continued from page 1)
New International Association Created at
(By tho Federated Press)
Vienna, Austria—An International Federation of Building
Guilds has been called Into life
here at a meeting of representatives ot building guilds from Italy,
Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia,
Germany, Luxemburg and Holland.
Inasmuch as the .social building
guilds of (he various countries enumerated have all been founded by
the trade unions and arc enrolled
by them, It la expectod that tills
formation of an International association will further strengthen the
Solidarity between tho workers of
ull countriea of Europe.
The International body will act
as a clearing house of Information
concerning now Ideas in Inexpensive home building, labor saving devices, means and methods of providing homes for the worker of
limited means, and the like.
The powers that be advocate Immigration as the solution, while tho
fact of the matter Is that, accord
Ing to the Sun of November 4, in
ten years 200,000 people had left
B. JC, and also that farmers who
had operated ten, twenty, and some
thirty years, were appealing,
through representatives meeting
the agricultural committee of the
Houso, for financial assistance . by
WAV of loans to help thom out of
their difficulties.
Dealing with the P. G. E„ he
stated that from hia observation he
was of tho opinion that there wan
no juslficatlon for its inception, and
that instead of inefficient workers
being tho cause of its present predicament, it stood as a monument
of colossal stupidity or rascality on
the part of those responsible for lis
construction. However, as a medical man had lately been appointed
ns Its minister, perhaps some improve), t in the patient might be
looked for.
He also, urged improvement In
Mothers' Pension and Workmen's
Compensation acts.
Referring to the Minimum Wage
Ace, he said a few weeks ago a
gentleman by the name of Mcintosh, one holding opinions from an
employers' point of view which If
held by a representative of the
workors from their point of view
Drugless Healing
Sanitarium Ltd.
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Cor. Hastings nnd ltkhards
Sey. 60S, High. 2134L
Our system includes all that
Is best in Chiropractic,
'Electro - Therapy, Hydro-
,Therapy, Osteopathy, Me-
ichano Therapy, Dletics, and
Hygiene, etc. There ls positively no pain with any of our
treatments; our patrons are
all satisfied with the results wo
obtain. We will bo pleased
to give you further details if
.you will call.
German Papers Cease to
Publish While American
Controls Supply
(By the Federated Press)
Berlin—Wm. Randolph Hearst
is prollting from Germany's economic plight by buying up all the
German paper necessary for printing his numerous dallies throughout the United States. This is the
contention made by the Book Publishers exchange of Germany.
According to the exchange, every
Hearst newspaper that you may
chance to take Into your hand,
might well bear the label, "Made
In Germany." This readiness of
foreign concerns to outbid native
consumers of paper has the effect
of driving papor costs within Germany even higher. The result is
that Innumerable smaller newspapers have had to cease publication
of late, and that the publishing
business is a bad way generally.
The Book Publishers Association
fs making representations to tho
German govornment to curb the
sale of paper to foreign concerns.
would class him as ah agitator and
probably deny him admission into
the province, attended a meeting
of the Manufacturers' Association
in Vancouver and pointed out how
his organization operated across
the line—urging manufacturers of
B. C. to do likewise. He believed
his ideas had been adopted, and as
a result representatives of the
manufacturers had waited upon the
government with a view to amending tho Minimum Wagt Act. He
pointed out the little chance the
employees would have before a
board constituted as they requested.
He also Insisted that before any
change was made in tho act that
organized labor be consulted. (The
Attorney-General Intersected to say
that organized labor had already
been consulted.) Mr. Neelands replied, saying that he hoped the
representations thoy made would
not be overlooked In thc matter.
Canadian National Union of
Ex-Service Men
at 8 p.m.
Speakers:    O. Murry tad B. Phillip.
'____n»ti-_-l D_lif.Ua)
Men's, Women's
and Children's
Women'a Felt Juliet .Upper.,
lovely and warm, with fur
bound top, leather aoles and
heela.    Special  $1.75
Men'a Felt Slippers, with
leather aoles and heels.
Speeial  ,  S1.85
Children's Navy Bluo Slippers, rod trim with strap and
button.   Special J1.00
Hoys'   Kneo   Umn   l!ool_—
1 to S Vwvi)
Our leadei—Men's black
pointed too luce boot.
Special ...'.:  01.00
Men's Blucher Cut Balmoral
Shoe, block too  $1.00
Boy's Red Star Gauntlet,
with tringe 830
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's nnd Hoys' Furnish Ings,
Ilnta, Boots and Shoes
(Betwttn 7th and Bth Avenues)
Tivo Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
Havo yoa protected yoartalf and your family agninst such in rmergftney,
with a SAVINGS ACCOUNT—tho most valuable Asset a man can hare for
Vie "RAINY DAY." ■—
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND you to start such an account AT ONCE,
at one of onr City  Branohei.
HASTINOS and SEYMOUR Oeo. S. Harriion, Manager
Oordova aud Abbott Main and 25th An, Mala and Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you arc living In a community not providod with Banking f-tcili-
Uph, aSdrcit ua by mall, and wo will bo glad to guide you in rntnt-tt to
"Banking by Mall." i
Store Opens at 9 n.m. and
Cloi.cs at 6 p.m.
Special Reduction
— >.
7s Now in Progress
575 Granville Street
Once Upon a Time
—someone complained abont tha
looieneas of Engliah clothea—thoir
lack of atyle. If It waa a woman
nho would promptly change her
tune, and purchase one of the
striking Topeonta made of English
fleece or blanket cloth, eut circular,
unbelted and showing a striking
plaid back every timt the wind
From Maker
To Wearer
623 HASTINOS  ST..  Near  GratTille
•nd Non-jUcoliolle wlnea of all
Ring np Phone Seymour 2SS_
(or appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Suit.   301   Dominion  Building
Kindling Tree
Cigar Store
lieo Q.o.st. stmt
_u_d»j icrvle... 11 ..m. .nd 7:30 p.m.
Sundsy ..hool limiipdl.t.ljr following
morning lonric. Wednud.r leitlmoni.l
nutting, « p.n. Tree ...ding room,
9019011  Blrki Bldg.
In that dark hour whon aympa-
thy and best sorvice count ao
muoh—call up
I'lione Fairmont S3
Prompt Ambulance Servlc.
"A Oood Placo to Eat"
WHEN your telephone Is Jeft accl-
" dentally off tha hook, It registers
the aam« u a ull at'central. If tha
operator geta no retuonso to her
''Number, please," the number la
handed o?or to the repairing forces
is being out of ordor. All this involves testa, reports and time. In
the meantime, no one gets yon on
your telephone.
"Off the hook" la a very (Tom-
mon causo of Interruption to tele*
phono service. By the curdle of
care In this connection ,vou will protect yonr servico and avoid inconvenience  to  yourself  and  others.
Ask for
"It Can't Be Beat"<
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
%1 ttlDAY  November 10, 192J
I You May Not Wear the Finest Clothes
I or Ride in a Limousine—
but if your teeth are perfect no
one can question your culture.
Good teeth arc the outward evidence of an inward
self-respect—with the most modern methods at
your service in my office—with low prices all can
afford—your teeth, regardless of their present
condition, are just what you care to make them.
Show that you care—your teeth have more to do
with your personality than you thinlc—skilful
dental work is thc finest investment you can make
—the cost is- a mere detail, yet the benefits are boyond calculation.
Sec' me now—I can make your
tooth   express   a   now   meaning
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Haatings Strwt West
Bank of Nora Scotia Bulldlac
Phone Seymonr 3331
Kxpri-rsslon Teeth
—ft specialty with
me, requiring tho op*
eratlon of my own
laboratory. Kipres-
i sion Teeth are truo
copies of your remaining teeth, enenr-
ing rigidity and oora-
fo*t, beauty and facial benefits.
UK. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of th* ('acuity of tho
ColleRO of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer on
Orown and Bridgework, Uunionstrator In Platework and Operative
Dentistry,  Local and General Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
Ancouver trades and labor
K-onncil—Presidont, R. H. Neelands,
AL.A.: general aeeretary, Percy R. Ben-
Burt. Office: SOS, 819 Pender St, \V.
liono Soy. 7405. Meeta In Labor Hall at
Ip.m. on tha flrat and third Tuesday!
\ month.
Jell—Meets    second    Monday   In    tbo
lonth.    Preaident,  J.  R,  White;  r	
\tj, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Box 68.
I Meeta second Thuraday every month,
LO Pendor St. W. President, J. Bright-
poll; financial secreUry, H. A. Bowron,
Ntt  Burns  St.
Itlonal Union of America—Local 130,
hneouvor, B.C., moeta aeoond and fourth
Is .'.days In each month In Room 313, 819
|>nder Street West. President, 0. E,
sirrett, 71 'Hastlnga St. E. Sueretary,
1 R. >lani, 820 Gambia St Shop phona,
Ly. 3702. Residence yhone, Doug.ainB.
j Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Molpera vf America, Local 194—Meetings
■st and third Mgadaya in eseh month.
Tjesldent, P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraser.
T«ce: Room 303—819 Ponder St. W.
flne houra, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 6 p.m.
I need brieklayera or masons for boiler
firks, ato., or marble atttara, pbone
l-icklayers' Union, Labor Temple.
■penters and Joiners, Local AM—Presl-
Ini, Wm. Dunn; recording secretary.
lo, Snell; businesa agent. Quo. H. Hardy.
,hee; Room 304, 819 Pender St. W.
lofts second and fourth Mondays, 8 pm.,
lioui 5, 819 Ponder St. W.
1 first aud third Frldaye In each month,
h 148 Oordova St. W. President, J.
Ihlte, 3405 Pender Bt. E.; Secretary-
Iveasurer, Geo. Harrison, 1385 Woodland
■rive. __
| dova St. W.—Educational meetings
Lery Sunday evening, 8 o'clock. Buai-
lua meetinga every Wednesday evemiiz.
I. P. Pettipiece, chairman; E. H. Morrt-
;*, sec-treas.; JfBennett, corresponding
Unton, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
eets flrat and third Wedneadaya at 2.30
,m. Second and fourth Wednesdaya at
84 p.m. Executive board meets every
ueaday at 8 i>.m. Preeldent W. Colmar.
uxineia agent, A. Oraham. Phone Bey.
ial union of all workera ln log-
ng and construction campa. Coast Dls-
let and Oeneral Headouartera, fli Cor
■ve St. W, Vaneoaver. B. 0. Phone Sey.
166. J. M. Clarke, general •.■•orotery
eaturari legal advisers. Messrs. Biro,
acdonald A Co., Vanconver, B, C; audi-
ra, Messrs. Buttar * Chiene, Vancoa*
ir, B. C
Ed. Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; busies agent, P. R- Bengough. Office: 309,
9 Pender St. W. Meeta in Room 3,
i9 Pander St. W., on aeoond and fourth
laaday  lit  month
iCHINISTS U>CAL 182—President,
Leo Oeorge; secretary, J. 0. Keefo;
tinea* agent, P. R. Bengough. Office:
9, 819 Pender St. W. Meets in Room
8, 819 Pender St. W. on flrat aud third
mradaya In month. .
rators tnd Paperhangers of America.
ooal 181, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
h Thursdaya al 141 Cordova St. W.
hone Sey. 8491. Bualneaa agent, R. A.
Dock Builders. Local No. 2404—Meets
Labor Hall, 819 Pander St. W., every
id and 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jas. Thomp-
m, Financial Secretary.
186 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Box  671.
none Sey. 8703. Meetinga every Mon-
r 7 U-m.   P. Hockaday, Business Agent.
B. 0.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
nloa of British Columbia—Meeting
ghti, flrst Tuesday and third Friday of
oh month at 318 Cordova W. President,
. Thom; vice-president, R. Morgan;
orotary-treasurer,   W.   Donaldson.    Ad*
rest,-  BIS  Oordova  St.  W.,  Vancouver,
.0.    Victoria Branch Agent's address, W.
rancls. S67 Johnson  St., Victoria,  B.C.
Operating Engineers, Local 844, meets
-ery Thursday at   8   p.m.,   Room   807
abor Temple.     Secretary-Treasurer,    N.
roan, 958 Hornby St. Phone Sny. 704311.
.t-cording Secretary, W.   Chandler,   1681
sll Ave., North Vancouver,
Empluyoes,  Pioneer  Division,  No.  101
-Meets K. P.  Hall,  8th and Kingsway,
at and 3rd Mondaya at 10:lf> a.m. and 7
>.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
trlve;  recording-secretary,  F.  E, Griffin,
H47—fill,  Avonue   East;   treasurer,   A.   V.
FAndrcw;     financial-secretary   and    bind-
i.ess  agont,  W.  H.  Cottrell,  4808  Dumfries Street; office, corner Prior and Main
Phone Fnir. 3604R.
Soviet Russia, Vancouver branch, meeta
Irst and third Sundays each month, ■'£
MB., at 61 Cordova St, W. For Informs-
lon write to branch i cretary, S.T.A.S.K.,
lj]ordova St.  W., Vancouver, B. 0.
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetinga held
irst Monday In each month, 6 ij.m, Pr»t*
ident, A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
Onlk; recording secretary, C. MnDonald,
P. 0. Box 503; flnanclal secretary, P.
UcNei.h, P, 0. Box 603,
President, Wm- Sklnnor; vlcc-presidont,
*.. Tucker; secretary-troasun-r, R. H.
<>o)ands. P- 0. Box 66. Mccta last
tnnrlay of each month at 2 p.m.
Every reader of The Fedora*
ktlonlflt can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions assnoti ns tlie> are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
.subscribe, lt docs not tnke much
effort to do tills.   Try It,
Try your neighbor for a subscrlu.
One dollar and flfty cents la the
cost for a aix months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
Logging Men!
Christie's No. SOO Calfskin
Single %>lo Stitclidown Boot
ls the lightest and moat flexible Logging Boot ever made.
If you use your feet aa a sledgehammer on books, chains, ate,,
then buy Christie's No, 50 and go
lit It. Waterproof; guaranteed to
hold caulks.
Christie Boot
Pbone Sey. 3970
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
"Old Command Was Take'
Up Thy Bed and    .
123 HlMtlnis SS. E. Sey. _!<__
1101 Granville SI. Sey. 0149
3200 Main St. Fair. 1083
830 GranvUle Sey. 800
(Oor. Davie and Granville,
on Granville)
Wo Sell Nothing but Government Inspected Fresh Meat
Have you tiled our famous
Pork Shoulders? They only
weigh from 4 to 8 lbs., und
you cannot get anything bettor for your week-end and
holiday roast; reg. 25c lb.,
Friday and Sat- 1Q1
unlay, special lb...   lOJC
Prime Rump Roasts AA^
of Bopf from, lb  _*JC
Prime Boneless Stew
Boef, 2 lbs. for 	
Prime Oven Roasts   *| i\ _
from, lb  IUC
Primo Pot Roasts
from, lb :.
Prime Boiling Beef
from, lb	
Choice Meaty Cuts    0«J 1 _
of Lamb, lb    tCtU 2 C
Choice    Fresh    Mado    Alberta
Creamery Buttor,
3 lbs. for 	
From 7 a.m. to 11 a.m. Saturday morning we will sell the
very finest of Lard Compound-
lots of pooplo say It ts bettor
for baking than pure lard: reg.
18c lb.   Special,
4 lbs. for	
Limit.  4 lbs.
The very choicest of Breakfast
Streaky Bacon,, hnlf or whole
slabs; res. 42c lb.    Q{J
Spocial. lb    OOC
Slater'a  Famous  Picnic   Hams
' EGGS!   EGGS!    EGGS!
Genuine B. C. Storage Eggs,
Juat liko fresh eggs. ylA-
dozen  T"\/C
Genuine    B.   C.   Fresh   Pullet
Ogilvlo's—the   finest   Bread
Flour In Canada—49-lb. sks.
All at Slater's
Don't forget to order a supply
. tt of Spuds
Fresh Cut Flowers. Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental mid Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
■18 Hastings St. E. 8—STORES—2 <J05 Granvillo St.
Sey. !)88-<172 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"      Sey, 951.1-1301
Will Loggers Still Be Subservient
to tbe Dictates of Their
TN the history of tho Lumber
A Workers of tha Coast district,
the years 1919 and 1920 mark
the time when the Lumber
Workers showed for the first time,
that they were able to function as
men, after their day'B toil was over.
In the beginning of 1919, the B. C.
Loggers Union started to organize
the loggers on the Coast. During
1920 hardly a logger could be found
who was not a member of the
Lumbor Workers Industrial Union
of the O. B. U„ the original name
being changed to that.
Strikes and struggles to enforce
the health regulations and laws of
ths province, and for the eight-
hour day, was the order of the day.
Health Inspectors visited the camps
and gave orders regarding the
health regulations, which orders
wero frequently carried out; more
bunkhouses being built, upper
bunks were In many cases abolished, and the legal amount of airspace for each person complied
with. Here it may be noted that
the health officers never Inspected
any camps before the union was
formed, and thoy were compelled
to do so; and in many cases, It was
necessary to strike more than once
to have the regulations compiled
with. The loggers refused any
longer to obey the old command'
ment of Christ: "Take up thy bed
and walk." They demanded that
tho companies furnish their slaves
with bedding, clean sheets, pillows,
blankets, etc., which in most cases
where It was insistently demanded,
it was received.
Meetings wore held ln the camps,
social and economic questions were
discussed, and explained, wherever
some fellow worker could be found
who could tako the floor. If the
meetings failed to teach social
questions, the literature and Labor
papers offered an opportunity to
get acquainted with them. The
Federatlonist, O. B. U. Bulletin,
Western Clarion, Soviet Russia, etc.,
etc., wore regularly distributed by
the union. Numerous pamphlets,
such as Value, Price and Profit,
Red Europe, Wage Lubor and Capital, etc., were also distributed In
large quantities. With this kind of
reading matter, the workers who
were nwny out of the centres of our
so-called civilization, who were
right in tho heart of tho giant
woods, wero constantly brought,
into contact wilh the rest of the
world, and were daily showing signs
that they were being liberated from
the state of childish ignorance in
which their employers desired to
keop thom.
But   tbo  lumber  barons   of  the
Golden West did not like the manly actions of their slaves, and these
lumber barons are men of uction.
They   saw   that   the   organization
movement had to be destroyed at
any price.    During the latter part
of  1919,  the* loggers'  agency  was
started.   Hicks was put in as manager, and the spying system was so
....... nffnnfgsed that one year later,
at the end of 1920, this institution
had bllckllsted 1500 mombers of
the Lumber Workers Union. Those
men wero the most active and efficient spirits In the union, and almost all of them wero compelled
to leave the country In order to get
a job.
Then occurred the Port Arthur
convention of the O. B. U., in
September, 1920, and fn January of
1921, tho Lumber Workers Union
was suspended by the O. B. U„ and
later at its convention, and by re-
rcfendum vote, (fevered affiliation
with that body. The tollers lh the
heart of the giant woods, were astonished and confused. They wan-
tod to belong lo the O. B. U„ and
also to thc Lumbor Workers Union.
Their time was taken up with real
st rug-rles, thereforo, they hadn't
limo to consider the technical formation of their organization. At
this moment, appears a certain
group, who either deliberately or
on account of their Ignorance, did
the dirty work of the lumber barons. They created and circulated
very many strange, weird and dirty
lying tales abont the man who was
at that time general secretary of
the' union. Tho mombers of the
union, being mostly out In the
woods, removed from tho headquarters of the organization, had no
chance to prove the tales that wero
told was all lies, circulated by the
lumber barons' toola, In order to
break up their union.
All these things combined destroyed the so-culled discipline
among the members ao completely
that tho unemployment crisis of
tho winter of l!)__0, and the year of
1921, was auITJclently large to onnble the lumber barons to set asldo,
and aimoHt completely smash, the
union during tho year 1921.
But development of organisation
doesn't advance constantly forward.
It's movements are always nnd constantly nllernnLJng udvnnces and
retreats, The convention of the
Lumber Workers Industrial Union
of Canada, held In Jnnuary of this
ycur, shows to us that this union
Is still a long way from being out
of existence. Many Important
'luestlpns wero discussed, and resolutions passed at that convention,
auch as tho resolution that tho
Coaat branch unconditionally a.I.,«)l
the principles laid down by the Red
International of Labor Unions, and
instructing Us officials to Immediately apply for affiliation with that
body. Tho wnges of the secretary
waa reduced to conform with the
wages paid In tho industry, Lte,
etc. This convention gave bolld
proof to thc fact that tho organization had loarnod nnd profited
from mistakes made In tho past,
and was, thereforo, vigorous and
ablo to struggle forward again,
This organization calls upon you,
who accomplish such wonders with
(he forest giants of the west, whon
your energy ls centralized under the
control of your employer, to organize with your class brothers all
over the world. Indeed, you produce wonders. A gang of four mon
will fall and buck from forty to
sixty thousand foot of logs In a day;
three Ion dors will load from fifteen
to twenty-flve cars of togs ln a day;
high lend blocks and guy lines that
weigh many hundreds of pounds,
are rigged x>\) on troos up t» 150
and 175 feet high. That work requires power and energy, and you
i havo It: but you aro too careless,
too cowardly, too Jesus-like towards your own class movement.
You talk and pray about Socialism
and Communism, about Workers'
Party and I, W. W„ yet you do nothing, heedless of the fact that the
lumber barons cares nothing about
health regulations, sanitary or Industrial lawa, or anything else that
is of benefit to you. Look at your
fellow workers in the United States.
They are very active looking after
their wages and standard of living,
while you, the heroic handlers of
these giant trees, you sleep or act
as little children. "Man should
belong to a union. I have been a
member for so many years." "Lots
of tJmo later on;" "All the rest of
them haven't lined up yet." That
Ib the way you are babbling on a
simple question such as the fact
that you are giving up without a
struggle living, working and health
conditions, which you have had to
fight like demons for In the past, to
say nothing about control of Indus*
try, which will be an acute question in the noar future. You will
get nowhere by talking; you must
organize in a militant organization.
Suoh an organization ls the
Lumber Workers Industrial Union
of Canada. As stated previously. It
Is afflliated with the Red International of Labor Unions, which has
an affiliated membership of some
twenty millions. The constitution
of the L. W. I. U. of C. Is a solid
rock upon which a powerful union
ean be built. Forms of action are
determined in conventions. The
next convention will bs held on
January 3, 1923.
Now, you Bturdy Lumber workers, wake up from your 'boar
sleep." Leave off babbling, because It is as bad or worse than
scabbing. Join tho unidh. One
dollar a month-for dues Is not too
much. Look for the delegate, so
that he does not have to look for
you. Let our slogan be: "One
hundred per cent, organized by
May Day, 1923."
German Small
Tradesmen Crushed
(Continued from page IJ
worth one six-hundredth of what
they were worth before 1914. He
does not dare sell his little house,
for there is such a dearth of living
quarters in Germany that he might
find himself sleeping under the sky
for months to come, were ho to dispose of his property. So he continues to draw out his depreciated
savings, to sell one piece after another of hia furniture, to "hock"
what few littlo trinkets or items
of jewelry and adornment he may
have accumulated throughout his
long and often arduous life, and
when everything is sold and, because of his age, ho cannot find
employment anywhere, ho ls as
likely as not to end his own life in
despair, as has happened time and
again ln Germany recently.
Hits Shopkeepers
Recently there came into my
hands the statistics concerning
somo 6500 "Kleinrentner" of the
city of Hanover. Thoy aro said to
be typical of fair-sized Germnn
cities generally. Theso 5600 "Kleinrentner" are in part retired shopkeepers, artisans, employees In
factories, widows of physicians and
lawyers, and unmarried women.
Their age are between 55 and 90,
and hnlf of them above 65. Over
2000 of the 5500 are widows. The
appalling faet dovelops from these
figures that there arc actually 1600
of the 5500 whose annual Income,
oven such extra earnings as the
sub-leasing of rooms Included, ls
between 600 and 1500 marks, or,
In American figures, betwoen 21
and 50 cents!
While it is truo that 1500 marks
In Germany go considerably farther
than do CO cents in the United
States, yet It goes without saying
that "Kleintrentner" ot this sorL
aro in a pitiable plight- Bread, for
instance, today coals 38 mirks.
With an annual Income of 1500
marks such as "Kllenrentner"
might buy almost 40 loaves on
which to livo for 365 days, but ho
could not Indulge In the luxury of
clothes, or of heat or light for his
house, or even of paying a water
Othor figures follows of the 5500
"Kleinrentner" in Hanover: 1800
have an annual income of 1600 to
3000 marks (50 cents to $1); 1500
have 3000 to 6000 marks (|1 to
$2); 400 have 0000 to 10.000 marks
($2 to .$3.3*1); 100 have 10,000 lo
15,000 marks (-$3.34 to |6); 100
have moro than 16,000 marks
(abovo $5.)
■In conclusion, this lotter of tho
daughter of a postal inspector Is
"I am 73 years old, and together
with my sister hnvo an annuul income of 3000 marks ($2). I have
spinal meningitis, and my slstor
suffers( from rheumatism, both of
the hands nnd of the feet. Wo
have disposed of all possible furniture and havo sold whatever jewelry and trinkets we possossod.
What noxt?"
Mothers' Pension
Act Under Fire
(Continued from pago 1)
not entitled to the benefltlTof tho
net. What! do they expect a woman to sell her houso If it Is vulucd
at $1,500 nnd spend tho proceeds
bofore sho Is entitled to relief under tho act? The object ot tho act,
as I understand It, Is for the purpose of providing the necossarlcs
of lifo for widows and children
without tho mother having to go
out to work, thereby giving the attention to thc children that they require, but In some Instances the allowance ls so small that tho mother
hus to go out scrubbing und washing in ordor to provido food for her
Ho also paid attention to tho
Workmen's Compensation Act,
pointing out that the board had
drawn a too flne distinction botweon accident, and Injury, and suggested that the act should bri
amended to make the injury chnrg-
ublc to lho employors. Ho also
urged that amendments should be
mado lo the act for moro prompt
paymonts of compensation and Tor
the Inclusion of all Industrial
diseases and an increaso In the
compensation from tho present
rales of 55 psr cent, to 75 por cont.
B.C. Electric RaUway
Agreement Discussed
By Trades Council
.    1\ ■	
(Contfrtusd from page 1)
of the men would not be reduced
during the time of the life of the
agreement, or if any protection was
provided in the agreement for the
Alderman Scrlbbens pointed out,
in reply, that the company took
the stand that the wages of the men
was the subject for an agreement
between the men ud the company
and not between the city and the
Secretary Bengough statea that
the council should know whether
the company is going to maintain
tho wages now being paid or not,
during the life of the agreemont.
He also asked if there was any
provision against the Inception of
the one man cars, and the laying
off of practically half of the platform men in Vancouver, as had
been done ln Victoria.
Seven-cent Fares
Delegate Flynn asked If any kick
had been made on behalf of the
residents 1o*, Vancouvsr City, who
had to pay a seven-cent fare?
Delegate MeMlllan, ln speaking
to the question, pointed out that
no note for public ownership of
publlo utilities had been struck.
Supporting his argument, he stated
graft would be enoountered ln public ownership, but that was only a
matter of time, and that public ownership should be a live topic in
the Trades Council.
Delegate Mrs. Mahon insisted
that there should be a fuller understanding of the agreement before
It was voted on. She referred to
the Electrical Workers' position
two years ago, when the couneil
was urged not to oppose the rates
proposed, but the rates still stayed
up, whilo she was not sure that
wages had been maintained, but
was sure that many men had boen
laid off.
It was moved that the City Coun
ell be requested to submit the matter of the agreement with tho B.
C. Electric Railway Company, and
the slx-rcent faro and light rates, to
the people before ratification.
Six Conts Not Basis
In answer to a question put to
Business Agent Cottrell, that official replied that the Street Railwaymen refused to take the stand
that the wages df the men should
be fixed on tho basis of a six-cen^
or any other fare, and that they
would no: consent to the fure being
a basis of the wage agreements.
After some further discussion,
the resolution calling for the submission of the entire agreement to
tho people Was adopted.
In addition to the B. C. Electric
agreement, th© administration of
the Mothers' Pensions Act and the
building of'the university were under discussion. The flrst question
was raised by a delegation consisting of Mrs! Clark and MrB. Taylor,
who took tho position that the recent amonflments to the act, made
by .order-In-council, and tho elimination of women from the board of
supervisor^, were against the mothers', of the province.
Mrs. Taylor spoke flrst, and stated that owing to the orders-in-
council which had been passed by
the government, many womon who
needed support had bcen denied the
benefits provided by tlio act, as
enacted originally. Sho urged tho
council to support the womon ln
their claims..
Act Not Working
Mrs. Clark stated that she was
satisfied that the act was not working as It was Intended to bo worked, and referred to the elimination
of women from the advisory board.
She stated that she had nothing
against Mr. Winn,'chairman of tho
Compensation Board, which body
was now operating the act, or any
member of the bourd, but objected
to lhe amendments which had been
made by order-in-councll, which
practically put a wiro fence round
the act, and women wero denied
the benefits which the act originally provided for thom.
On a motion presented by a delegato, the mattor of the administration of the Mothers* Pension Act,
was referred to tho oxecutive for
The U. B. C.
A delegation from the student
body of tlie U. B. C. was heard on
tho question of the building of
permanent quarters for the university, and the following resolution
was presonted and adopted:
"That tho Trados and Labor
Council of Vancouver, B. C, go on
record this 7th day of November,
1922, as being In favor of the immediate erection, by thc Provincial
government, of permanent quarters
for the University of British Columbia on the selected site at Point
Grey, Vancouvor, B. C."
Minimum Wage Act
The commiltee appointed by thc
executive to interview the government at Victoria with respect to
the proposed amendments to the
Minimum Wnge Act, mndo by employers, reported on their work, a
full account of which Is given in
another column, ln tho report, It
wns poinled out thnt a letter had
been sent io Mrs. Ralph Smith, giving the council's objections to the
proposed amendments, and calling
attention to an editorial which hud
appeared In The Federatlonist dealing with thc subject, a copy of
which had been sent to every member of tho Provincinl House. Tho
report wns adopted.
Delegate Hardy, of the Brotherhood of Carpenters, reportod that
men were being hired by tho city
who needed relief at the into of $G
per week for two dnys work, and
lhat men were being employed by
tho Provincial government at the
Essondalo Mental Hospital grounds
at tho rato of 60c por day and their
board. Those men, ho stuted, are
being picked up In Vnncouver, and
given, .their choico of taking this
work or going to jail.
The secrotary was Instructed to
make Investigations, nnd to report
to the executive at the oarllest moment fur that body to take action.
Venereal Dlncascs
Delegnte Graham, of the Hotel
and Restaurant Employees, refer
ring to the statements ln thc press
with reference to tho spread of
venereal diseases by restaurant employees, pointed out taht tho union
had long ago nskod for remedial
legislation |n this rospQCti and Introduced (he following t'osoluUnn,
which hnd been pftssod in ioid by
organized labor:
"Wlierens, there nro nt prpser
no  regulations matting  tt com;mt
Famine Conditions  Not
Yet Removed in
Philadelphia.—Confirmation of
the reports which the American
Friends' Service committee (Quakers) have been making since July,
with reference to famine conditions
in Russia, comes from Graham
Taylor and Allen Wardell, of the
National Information bureau. In
an Interview given In Moscow to
a representative of the Philadelphia Ledger they say that the work
of the American relief organize*'
tlons will have been in vain unless
feeding continues this coming winter. The Quakers are responsible
for a district as large as Belgium.
All overhead expenses of this work
are provided by the Society of
Friends, and every cent contributed
by the public goes directly for reUef. Thslr work ls without political bias and they have the confidence of the Russian government
Contributions may be sent to the
committee at 20 S. 12th SL, Philadelphia.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily endorsed by The Federation*
1st, and no responsibility for the
views expressed is accepted by the
Crew of S. S. Canadian Skirmisher
Complain Bitterly
Editor B. C. Foderationist—Sir:
The S. S. Canadian Skirmisher,
truo to her nnme, arrived in Vancouver last Sunday, Nov. 5, 1922.
The crew of seamen and firemen
report that they have been very
shabbily treated as far as food and
money ls concerned. The allow
ance to each man, when the ship
docks at a port to unload or load,
ls not more than |5 por week, out
of wages already earned, then only
at the master's option. Four able-
seamen were so disgusted with trying to get something to eat on the
trip to Australia, that they decided
not to make the return trip to
their home port, Vancouver. The
ship's cook and second cook nlso
decided to have no more of it, once
the ship berthed at the docks ln
Australia, so that ono can easily
see that thero Is lots of trouble
through the men not getting sufficient to eat.
The seamen who filled the places
of the men who deserted the ship
in Australia, were utterly disgusted
with the rotton conditions aboard
lhe Skirmisher, and were greatly
surprised at the immigration officials refusing to pay them off, as
their contract was through when
the ship arrived ln the home port
It appears as tf the Canadian Gov*
ernment immigration laws, whloh
aro enforced, the support of the Canadian Government Merchant Marine to have those men in a semi-
starved condition aboard the C. O.
M. M. vessels, by refusing to give
the men the right to leave ths ship
when tho voyage Is comploted. All
seafarers should got ln touch with
the Seafarers Union and get acquainted with the actual conditions
aboard these C. G. M. {J. vessels.
The address Is 318 Cordova St.
West, Vancouver. Yours for unity,
Tho Federated Seafarers Union
of British Columbia.
sory for persons engaged In the
preparing of food for public consumption to be medically examined; and
"Whereas, owing to the prevalence of venereal and other contagious diseases, such a regulation becomes vitally necessary for tho preservation of public health;
"Bo it resolved, that the Dominion and Provincial governments be
requested to put in operation regulations compelling the periodical
medical examination of alt persons
employed or engaged In the preparation and distribution of food for
public consumption."
The resolution was carried.
To Wire Congress
Delegate Pottlplece asked if the
Trades Congress had filled the
vacancies on tho Provincial exocutive.
Vice-President Bartlott replied
In the negative.
Delegate Pettlplece then moved:
"That in view of the fact that tho
Provincial House is now in session,
the secretary be Instructed to wire
congress asking for the appointments to be mado Immediately,"
The motion was adopted,
A resolution from the Steam nnd
Operating Engineers, local 844,
cnlling on the council to rofuso tho
affiliation and dual unions, was
passed without dlHsent.
A communication from tho Calgary Trades and Labor Council,
supporting the council's resolution
on the 'No Moro War Policy" wa.
rocelvod; anothor communication
on this subject was received nom
the Trados Congresw of Cnnada, In
which It wns pointed out that the
policy of tho Congress was against
war, and promising thnt the matter
would bo placod before the execu
tive at tho next moeting.
A communication from the sinking Metal Polishers of Suckvllie. N.
B., who struck work at the Enter
prise Stovo Factory, because of
thoir opposition lo tho contract
system, was referred to lhe delegations for report to their locals.
A communication was received
from lhe Hoard of School Trustees*
with respect to tho representations
made by the council in connectlon
Wlth text books not IhsiiciI by tho
free text book department of tho
governmont at cost.
Tho communication pointed out
that this mattor wns now under nd
vlsement, und was being taken up
by tho B. C. Trusteos Federal inn,
with tho government, lo see ft tno
matter could not bo arranged.
Local 83, Operative Plasterers,
applied for affiliation with tht
conncil. and (he request WttS gran
ted. This makes (hu third now mil
lintlnn within the last two months,
Tho Label commiltee announoed
thnt (he next dance would bo bold
ou Friday, (he 17th. In the Alesan-
| der pavilion.
Come and Look at this
for $55
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that h^s no
equal in Canada. It's a range ofexcel-
lent appearance, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19x_.6xl.2i/2-inc__ oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid bafcer
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 npe
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
Sam Guthrie Deals
With Mine Disasters
(Continued from page 1)
nothing but a whitewash, and the
Investigation a farce.
Referring to the speech from the
throno, tho member for Newcastle
stated that there was nothing in it
but what*tvas already known, and
that the light between ths two old
political parties was but a sham
fight. He Illustrated his point by
stating that when the eight-hour
bill was before the House, that W.
J. Bowser, loader of the Conservative Party, Joined hands with the
premier in his opposition to this
bill, and that the premier had
stated that the speech made by the
opposition leader was one of the
bost he had ever made.
Referring to the Workmen's
Compensation Act, he stated that
amendments were not made at tho
last sossion, owing to the pressure
brought to bear ou the government
by the real rulers of the Liberal
Party. Ho referred to the fftct
that Mr. Kidd, of the B. C. Electric
Hallway Company, Mr. Cameron,
of the Cumorou Lumber Company,
and Mr. Quinn, of the Granby Co.,
had Interviewed tho government on
this matter, and their views prevailed. He also dealt with the P.
G. E. quostion, and took tho stand
that It was not tho Inefficiency of
labor which was responsible for
the high cost, but tho sums which
wcro pnid to tho contractors, aud
the political pup which had to be
handed out.
Dealing with tho immigration
question, tho member for Newcastle was scathing In bis denunciation of the efforts being mado to
bring poople to this country, whon
thoso already hero cannot got a
living.   Ho said, In part:
"It Is tho height of madness to
bring peoplo to this provinco when
you cannot find omploymont for
those who nro here. It Is already
a case of too many settlers who
don't know whnt In henvens to do
with tho things that they have produced. Hundreds or tons of onions',
tomatoes and peach,os aro going to
rot in tho Okanagan this year, bo-
cause they cannot sell (hem. And
yet we have in this province starv-
res -_, !
ing people. Instead of finding Immigrants the proper thing to do is
to flnd a way of bringing food that
is rotting to the people who are
starving In the cities."
Turning to the unemployment
quostion, Mr. Guthrie related how
he had interviewed the then minister of publlo works, Hon. Dr. King,
to Induce him to take care of forty
men and their families tn his own
district. After waiting four weeks,
he could only get an appropriation
of $500. On seeing the premier,
he had been able to secure an.additional appropriation of $250,
while the following week the premier had promised the Good Roads
League of Canada a sum of $3000
to allow mostly omployers to sit in
the Empress Hotel to talk rather
than to build roads.
Referring to the remarks of Attorney Goneral Manson last week,
that tho unemployment situation
would not be so acute as last winter, the member for Newcastle produced a who from Vancouver
which statod that the authorities
there were making vagrants of
single men. Even a government
official, Mr. J. H. McVtJy, hud
stated that 6000 mon would havo
to be attended to soon. The conditions wero the samo at Nolson,
Cranbrook, Fernle and in Albsrta.
Yet, in spite of this, efforts were
being mado to bring more people
into Britiah Columbia. The minister of lands, during the past summer, had spent most of his time
riding the high seas and fn aeroplanes tn tho Old Country, to bring
more peoplo Into the province.
The speech of tho Socialist member, whilo not widely quoted ln the
press, was the best effort that he
has made, nnd was so full of meat
that lt Is regrettably that It could
not be published ln full, but space
wlU not permit.
Whsn through with this paper,
pass it on.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Itate, It.nftonuble
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer litis for 3_ years
been British Columbia's favorite health
bovorage. No expense has boen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dol-
lurs lo build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
ir.IDAY November 10, l»i
Paris Hand-Made
Do you appreciate comfortable shoes ? Perhaps
it is difficult for you to get them to fit. We make
a specialty of footwear that does away with arch
^supports entirely and still gives you the corrective features. Along with this we guarantee
you a perfect fit.  Come in and talk it over.
Why not try our Shoe Repairing?
You wiU find that it pays you.
Hastings West
A dill
Renegade Socialist Is at
Head of the
The people demand it, the
labor unions have all endorsed it, and it will ultimately triumph.
I am still at liberty
getting the sick well
Telephone Seymour 2098 Ior Appointment
Lady In Attendanco
Six Belgian Steamers Are
Now Using Workers' Emblem
Brussels, Belgium—Six Belgian
flih ing- steamers are now flying the
red flag on the North Sea. These
are ahlps owned by the Belgium
Co-operative Union, an enterprise
owned and controlled by the work-
The co-operative movement of
Belgium has four main centres. The
flrat and most Important of these
la houaed ln the "Molson du Peu-
pie" of Brussels, famous throughout the world as a centre of working class endeavor. In the case of
Ghent and of Jollmont, the build'
Ings of the Socialist newspapers,
Vooriut (Forward) and Progres,
respectively, are also the co-operative centres. At Liege the Union
Co-operative du Pays de Liege not
only has a main building, but there
axe 200 branch stores and 200 smaller People's Houses,
One of the recent things undertaken by the Belgian . workers
through co-operative effort Is the
erection of model workers' hospitals and clinics, In which the membera are given inexpensive medical
treatment. There Is now a hospital or clinic In practically every
large Induatrlal centre.
Patronlie Fed. advertisers.
Bulgaria Has Law Which
Provides for Compulsory Labor
(By the Federated Press)
Sofia, Bulgaria—Bulgaria has a
law that makes It compulsory upon
people to work a certain length of
time for the State, Just as formerly
they had to serve in the army. ThuB
a young man when he reaches the
age of 20, must serve tho common
interest for a period of eight
months; glrla upon reaching their
sixteenth year, for a period of four
months. In addition, all males between the ages of 20 and 60, and
all females betweon 16 and 30 must
give 10 days' work every year to the
district ln which they Hve.
The men work off their time by
engaging in the construction ot
roads, canals, water works, railways and dams by draining swamps,
laying or stretching telephone and
telegraph wires, building schools,
and the like. The women engage
in sewing and other household
pursuits for the public institutions,
such aa hospitals and the like.
Everybody, from the premier to the
humblest citizen, ia subject to the
Put a one-cent stamp on  thii
paper and mall It to a friend.
Where Is the Union Button?
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
Our No. 2 Shingles Arc Cheaper Than Hoofing Paper
1900 MARINE DRIVE EAST Phone Fraaer 197 L2
Big Whist Drive
and Dance
Corner of Hornby and Robson Streets
Friday, November 17th
Under the Auspices of the Label League of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
Whist, 8:15 p.m. :: Dancing, 9 to 12
Admission:   Ladies, 26c; Oents, SOc
Workers    Compromised,
But Ruling Class Is
By Paul Kanna
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Washington.—"W hi t e Bolshevism" ie what students of Italian
politics call the Fuscistl movement,
now dominant at Rome, And
leaders of the clan who have been
asked to form a ministry would not
deny the phrase.
Benito Mussolini, dictator of the
Fascisti, was until a few yeara ago
editor ot an Italian newspaper.
During the world war he deserted
thc Socialists and gave his support
to the war party. Bince that break
his shift to the extreme right has
been very rapid.
For a time Mussolini called himself a republican. But middle
ground and personal obscurity are
Intolerable to' such a man. With
the return of peace his ambition
faced a crisis; the government
needed him no more and the working class remembered his name
only to call him traitor.
Then he came under the influence of Liberto Tangredl, once an
individual anarchist, but of late a
convert to monarchist imperialism.
Tangredl soon made Mussolini see
that fame and fortune for them
both lay in the direction of violent
agitation in favor of an Italy restored to her ancient glory and
United with Mussolini and Tangredl in this ambitious project are
Ouldo Bodrecca, former editor of
the antt-clerlcal L'Asino; Edmondo
RossonI, once a violent direct actionist, resident of America and
editor of II Proletarlo; and former
syndicalist Blancl.
The year 1920 gave birth to the
present Fascisti. In response to a
violent lockout by employers that
'ear, the workers seized the plants
and continued production. This
act Bhowe.d how easily the workers
might become masters of the whole
land if they had desired. Instead
of seizing power, however, the
workers compromised on a legislative plan that was to give them
increased authority In the factories.
To defeat that programme the
Fascist! came into being. Mussolini, Tangredl and the other renegade radicals saw their opportunity,
and by playing upon the fears of
the owning classes they havo ridden into greater prominence than
they ever knew before, as chiefs of
an exaggerated Ku Klux Klan
which with cheers for the king, sets
the torch to workingclass property,
proclaims its purpose to annex
Greek, French and British territories and murders all men who
stand in the way*
It ls a mistake to think that the
government hns feared the Fascisti during these past two years.
Its ranks are filled with the sons of
generals, politicians, chiefs of police, landlords and others whose
youthful imaginations are Inflamed
by the promise to restore the ancient Roman empire. And lf Its
foreign programme has been ridiculous its raids against the working class have made it popular with
all the reactionaries.
Small shopkeepers have rejoiced
to see the Fascisti attack and destroy the co-operative societies,
Catholic and radical alike, and for
this abolition of their business rivals the little business men have
contributed freely to Mussolini's
war chest. .
Every passing day makes it
harder for the Italian masses to
get bread. The lira is at Its lowest
level—2% cents. Mussolini must
either use his new power to feed
the people and restore the lira or
find that his entrance Into offlce
Was a march toward the grave of
the whole Fascist! movement.
Theso dances arc held for the purpose of eduaitlng thc workers to demand the union label on all purchases, Thc transportation trades are participating ln this month's dunce, profits to go
to tho Trades Council building fund.
For First Time Since 1914
Metal Workers Hold
(By the Federated Press)
Budupest, Hungary — For the
Ilrst time since 1914, the Iron and
Metal Workers National Union of
Hungary this fall held a convention. Tho war, revolution and lately the white terror regime of Admiral Horthy, hnve thus far interfered with the regular holding of
annual or biennial conventions.
The congress voted unanimously
to continue Its nlllltatlon with the
Amsterdam trade union movement
—tho International Federation of
Trade Unlona. It voted, further, to
resiBt all attempts of the bosses to
abrogate the 48-hour week, even
though this will with certainty
mean a general lockout ln the
whole metal industry ln the near
What conditions still prevail in
Hungary may bo judged from the
fact thut this convention, as indeed
all meetings of trade unions, had
first to obtuin a permit from the
police to meet, and had to submit
to tho indignity of having police
detectives attend the proceedings.
The present membership of the
union is 50,000. Before the war lt
wns 30,000; by 1018 It hnd reached
a high water mark of 80,000; after
the fall ofthe Bela Kun Soviet regime that number was cut in half;
and now It Is gradually on the upgrade again.
Eleven  Thousand' Local
Rail Unions to Discuss
Amalgamation   •
(By the Federated Press)'
St, Paul—Eleven thousand local
railway unions have been sent a
call to** attend a national railroad
amalgamation conference, to be
held ln Chicago, Dee. 9. The call
Is Issued by O. H. Wangerln, secretary nutional committee to amalgamate the 1C standard railroad
organizations, with heudquarters at
411 Dakota Bldg., S4 W. 7th St.,
St. Paul,
The call reads in part: "The time
has now come when the railroad
men of the United States and Canada are ready to amalgamate the
many unions Into one mighty organization. On July 1, 1922, our
committee submitted for approval
of the 11,000 railroad local unions
the method of amalgamation since
famous as the Minnesota plan.
This plan, with Its departmental
zed form, gives tho fullest protection to the separate craft Interests,
yet at the same time unites the entire body of railroad workers In un
breakable solidarity. The response
in favor of the plan has been over*
"The shopmen's strike, with Ub
tragic spectacle of nine unions
working while seven are striking,
makes algamatlon more Imperative
than ever. Td stop aeeessionlsm
and devise a method of consolidating all unions as speedily as possl
ble Is the big problem for. this con
ference to solve. The conference
will also deal constructively with
the closely related problems of
amalgamation and strengthening
the metal trades generally.
"All local unions or local and
system federations are entitled to
two delegates each. Bring credentials with you and notify the secre
tary (Wangerin) in advance.. All
lodges are requested to contribute
92 to the conference fund.
"Brothers, beware of dual union
Police Give Truth as to
Reason for "Rfed"
[By M. A. DeFord]
(Federated   Press  Correspondent)
Oakland, Cal.—The prosecution
In the trial of the five communists
here has offered ln testimony a
copy of William Z. Foster's Syndicalism, bearing marks which show
that it was Introduced formerly in
the trial of Anita Whitney. It (If
claimed by the police that thie
book was seized at Communist La
bor party headquarters In 1919.
Police Inspector Williatrt E. Kyle,
who led the raid in which the defendants were arrested in 1919, wat
asked by James F, Dolsen, one o*
the defendants, lf It was not trut
that he had received two copies o
this book from the United State-
Steel Corporation, and had planter
one at Communist Labor headquarters and one ln Miss Whitney'*
home. The Judge refused to allov
the question to be, answered. "Wt
found a large part of the literatur.
we seized not in violation of tht
law," Kyle stated, "but we took it
so as to mess the organiaztion up.
We wanted to force them to cease
their propaganda."
The defense forced Kyle to acknowledge that files of The World.
Socialist party weekly, dating bacl
to 1911, had been seized withoir
search warrants and burned without court order; also that most of
the magazines and papers seized
were at the timo openly on eale on
newsstands in Oakland and San
Francisco, an,d that one of them
The Liberator, the Oakland polir-
had been enjoined by court ordei
from interfering with.
John G. Taylor, formerly stati
secretary, Socialist party, late;
state secretary, Communist Labo>
party, and twice Socialist candidate
for mayor of Oakland, who is out
on parole from San Quentin on -a
criminal syndicalism charge, wu.
subponead by the prosecution, but
made a boomerang witness. Tin
district attorney tried to force hin.
to state that the Communists Im.
endorsed the I. W. W., but ht
vohemently denied this, staling thn;
the national convention had seven,
times refused such an endorsement
while praising he heroic ani-war
stand of the organization.
Meanwhile the stoolplgeons
Coutts and Dimond, nnd the state'*'
now flnd—first used in Sacramentc
—W. E. Townsend, are waiting In
court, rendy to testify If the prosecution can flnd somoono to connort
the communists with I. W. W. Sc
far no one hns been found to perjure himself in this regard, and so
the familiar tales of burnt haystacks nnd coppor nails, recited iti
all former criminal syndicalism
trials, have not been heard.
Taylor's testimony further showed that the raid had been marked
by great brutality, ono man bein^
pushed through a glass door. The
Judge refused to allow Dolsen te
bring out the fact that thero was
blood on the floor after the raid,
but a good deal of evidence of the
polico cruelty got across.
Vou may wish to help The Fed'
(■rationlst. Vou can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending in tlie subscription of your
friend or neighbor-
Open Forum
On Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock
Dr. Walter Sturdy will answer the
arguments put up by Dr. Petersky,
as against Chiropractic,- in the
Workers' Party Hall, 303 Pender
Streot West. It is expected that
the hall will be crowded to capacity and all those who desire to hear
the other side of the story are requested to be on hand early.
Australian Government Is
Recruiting Slaves from
New Guinea
Territory Captured from
Germans Now Slave
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. Wales.—The Australian commonwealth government
Is still openly practicing slavery in
aome of the Islands in the Pacific
ocean taken from Germany during
the early part of the war.
It was admitted recently ln the
Australian Parliament that during
last year 110 natives wero recruited
from the mandated territory in ex-
German New Guinea for labor in
the phosphate works on Nauru and
Ocean Islands, which were also captured from Germany.
Those two Islands are owned
conjointly by the British, Australian and New Zealand governments,
who divide the profits arising from
tho Bale of. the rich phosphate deposits there. The Australian government administers the islands on
behalf of the three governments.
e It was also admitte.d In the Australian Parliament that the wages
paid to the recruited slaves were
$1.25 per monh for males and $1
per month for females and boys
under 16.
For this miserable sum of money
the male and boy workers have to
slave for 240 hours per month,
while female slaves have to work
192 hours every month for the
lesser wage they receive.
Of course, the unfortunate natives are not openly seized as
slaves. They are "recruited" on
their distant island homes, asked
to sign.Indenture papers In the belief that they are going to make a
big pile of money. Great care Is
taken to prevent them learning exactly what "recruiting" means till
they are transported to the slave
centres, from which there ls no return till their three-year term of
engagement is expired.
It should be stated, of course,
that the government provides every
slave with a blanket six feet long,
a wooden bowl, a wooden spoon,
and a box with a lock thereon. But
this free gift can hardly be called
compensation for tho scandalously
low wnges sanctioned by the Australian government as adequate remuneration for their laborious
Tet in the face of the above facts,
the head of the Australian commonwealth government recently
announced that the natives in ihe
ex-German islands in the Pacific
ocean now under the care of the
Australian government were being
generously treated and that their
welfare was the flrat consideration
of the government.
Alberta Workers
Move to Unity
(Continued from page 1)
Dr. Curry's Lectures
On Thursday, November 10, Dr,
Curry will lecture ln the Workers'
Party Hall, 303 Pender Street West,
on "Tho Basis of the Universe."
This lecture Is one of a series nnd
all those who have heard tho previous lectures and are interested
aro invited to attend.
Item of business to come before the
meeting, and after setting out. the
manner in which the delegates had
been called together, and the reason for the proposed central council, the report recommended thnt
the delegates resolve themselves
into the Central Council of the
Canadian Labor Party, and proceed to elect officers. The recommendations of the commitee were
adopted after a short discussion,
and Chairman D. K. Knott called
for nominations for president.
Latham Elected
Geo. Latham, D. K. Knott, J.
Lakeman, James East and J. H.
Miller received nomination, and
after three, ballots, Geo. Latham,
who represented the Tradea and
Labor Council, was declared elected. Mrs. M. Mellard, of the Workers' Party, was chosen as vice-
president; E. E, Owens, plumbers,
iecretary; J. B. Yule, Typographical, assistant secretary, and Elmer
Toper, Printing Pressmen, treas.
President Latham was warmly
received when he took the chair,
and expressed hiB application of
the honor bestowed upon him. He
felt that the success which had resulted from the efforts of the pro1
visional committee had already
well repaid them for their work.
Nominating Convention
It wub decidod to hold a nominating convention to select candidates for civic offices, on Saturday
evening, Nov. 11, in a hall to be
decided upon by the executive.
There was lome discussion as to
who should constitute the nominating convention, some delegates
contending for attendance of th-_
.whole affiliated membership, and
some for representation of the delegates of the Central Council. A
motion finally prevailed to the effoct that the nominating convention should be composed of all
members of organizations represented at tho Monday evening meeting, who could Bhow credentials or
membership cards at the door.
As a late hour was reached before the long agenda had been completed, the meeting adjourned to
reconvene on Tuesday, when
..he constitution of the Central
Oouncll will be dealt with, and permanent committeos appointed.
During tho balloting on officers,
Chairman Knott called upon Aid.
East, Frank Scott, Dr. Crang, Geo
Latham, Mrs, Mellard and others
to address tho meeting. All expressed their appreciation of the
splendid attendance and enthusiasm. Mrs. Mellard struck the keynote of the meeting when she appealed to all present to lay aside
alt petty differences and unitedly
advance in the Interests of the workers.—Alberta Labor News.
Says Unemployed Labor
Men Will Be of Sane
and Safe Type
A well attended meeting of the
Labor Party was hold last Sunday
evening, at 148 Cordova Street
West, when Comrade Tom Richardson delivered a comprehensive
review of the British political situation. The speaker, Comrade
Bichardson, said that he was not
unmindful of the fact that he and
his audience were over 6000 miles
from the scene of tho conflict, yot
there was no doubt in hla mind but
that the representatives of capitalism In the Old Land were greatly
alarmed at the rapid growtli of
Socialism among the members of
the Labor Party. Referring to the
slogan adopted by Lloyd George In
the 1818 campaign, about "hanging the Kaiser," and making Gormany pay the full cost of the war,
Mr. Richardson said that Lloyd
George had shown the agility of
the super-quick change.
With regard to the recent war
scare in the Near East, and the
statement of Lloyd George, that it
was necessary for the preservation
of Christianity, Comrade Richardson quoted H. N. Brailsford, editor
of the New Leader, the official organ of the I. L. P., In an article
dealing with the Near Eastern
question, said: "When Lloyd George
speaks of Christianity, he means
oil." Another article in Professor
Hobson's book, "The Problems of a
New World," has this to say of
Lloyd George. He believes that
Lloyd George is a sincere man; he
is not an unprincipled man; he is
a non-principled man. The speaker
continuing, said, that the cause of
the elections was the revolt of the
Conservatives against the domination of Lloyd George while there
seemed to be a split among the representatives of high finance and
big business. There was one thing
sure, that where thero were Labor
and Socialist candidates of outstanding ability contesting a seat,
there would be found a concentration of capitalist Interests. If
there were any Labor candidates
returned unopposed, they would be
of the safe and sane type. Com.
Richardson anticipated thnt the
Labor Party would be in the next
parliament of a more verile and
presenting in the widest sense, the
intelligent working class type re-
princlples of Socialism and of Internationalism.
On Sunday next, Nov. 12, the
speakers are Mrs, J. S. Woods-
worth and Mrs, Hayward of Seattle.
Speakers for Nov. 19: Aid. R. P.
Pettipiece, candidate for alderman
1923; W. J. Downie, candidate for
school trustee, 1923.
A get-together social of the party
its friends a"d adherents, will bo
held in the Oddfellow's Hall, Mt.
Pleasant, Saturday, Dae. 9. Particulars later.
Made in smart dressy styles, from splendid quality serges of good weight and body. The values
are surprising, so look them over.
$25   $32.50   $39.50
C. D. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
London—A harness maker, charged with stealing a cake from a
shop, asked the magistrate to send
him to prison for tho winter, on
the ground that he was out of
work and found the poorhouso degrading. There was no other
charge against him, and he bore a
good character.
Vou may wish to help The FederationiBt. You can do so by renewing yonr subscription promptly and
sending lu the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
The greatest assistance that the
readers of Tho Federatlonist can
render ns at title time, Ib by securing a new subscriber. By doing ao
you spread the news of the working class movement and assist ns
The Unlucky (?) Thirteenth
Returning to Vancouver after
an absence of several years, comes
Miss Clara Beyers to once again
associate herself with dramatic
stock. Miss Beyers last appeared
here at the Avenue theatre, and on
Monday next, the 13th, opens at
the Empress, in one of, if not the
greatest "hit" she ever made in
her career. "Three AVeeks" will be
the offering of Miss Margaret Marriott and the Assoclnte Players, and
Miss Marriott remembering tlie
huge success of Miss Beyers as
"The Queen" In "Three Weeks,"
willingly has conceded and welcomed her fellow artist to the city
by agreeing with the management
In selecting the play that will give
Miss Beyers an opportunity of her
almost unparalleled . performance,
which is remembered by many Vancouver stock fans, that of the "The
Queen." While it is generully conceded that the company at the Empress is well up to requirements,
and that the productions leave nothing to be desired, there is no
doubt that the addition of Miss
Beyers to the company will be weN
come,   and   should   establish   the
H«,ti_g» St. £_>t—Pbone Sey. 2492
Eletnor Gly_T,
"Three Weeks"
(Her Re-ippcirance in "The Queen"
Mi» Margaret Marriott, Mr. J. Anthony Smythe, supported by The
Associated Players
Players still further In public favoj
'Three Weeks," from the pen <
Eleanor Otyn, Is well known boll
to book readers and theatre goeri
and affording as it does, with 1(1
wealth of Intense dramatic sltuij
tions, romantic and indeed all tha
goes to make a play that will livj
forever, should make a history i
the Empress next week that wl]
long be remembered.
At the Orpheum
James P. Conlln and Myrtll
Glass ure progressive vaudevillian|
They themselves are thoroughly esT
tabllshed In that players haven!
public approval. Everybody whl
goes to vaudeville knows that Conl
:in aud Olass are synonymous witf
good entertainment, and just as rcl
gular as the seasons come and gq
they have a new vehicle.
This year lt is a miniature musll
cal tjomedy ealled "The Four Seal
sons," and "The Four Reaaona.f
This is a little comedy romance!
the story and lyrics of which werjl
written by Harry Breen and th-f
music by Mr. .Conlln, and the arj
gument Is in spring they're engafl
ged; in summer they're married; hi
autumn they quarrel, and in wintiT
they nre reconciled. If there werl
a fifth season, the story might bj
longer and possibly it would end]
with a divorce.
NEA1 ABEL                    ']
OONLIN * OLASS                .
Xlf-tt, 25C-U             Mitt., l-e-iOe '
Twin D»Uy, 2:90 ul 8:20       i
Every Hon., Wed. and Sat. Evenings '
804 HOBNBY ST. Opp. Court Houttl
Patronize   Fed   Advertisers.
Tlie greatest assistance that thc
readers of Thc Federatlonist can
render us at this time, la by securing a new subscriber. By doing so,
you spread the news of tlio working class movement and assist us
Costs Yon Nothing to Try-So SoiveThis Puzzle j
How Many Words]
Can Yon Find]
In This Picture;
Commencing Wilh
the Letter «F»?1
For example, you will
notice "Fire," "Fiddle,"'
"Foundry," etc. Are you
able to find 20 words'!
commencing with the
letter "F? The picture
is very clear: there can
be no mistakes. You will
find It very interesting
to look for these words,
and may win the big
prize. Anybody can try
— costs nothing. Why
should you not be ths -.
winner of the $2000.00? ,
VATT  -Z_}___W_f__TTW Tk 1S7THT The p"80" havin« the Iar«est llst °0
Willi TtrlllliljM WWini word3 beginning with the leticr"F" will -
» W W MUV %/ MJMeW V V Ail get the First Prize. You Burely have a i
real chance of winning at least one of the prises offered—there are fifteen of them. Why not try for *
the big prize and win $2000.00. Somebody will win It—your chances are 83 good as anybody's,
Jtut think what you could do with the money. $2000.00
lould buy an automobile and leave enough balance to
make a payment on a cozy home. Perhaps, you have in
mind Just the thins you would like to do if you received a
check for $2000.00. Certainly vou owe tt to younelf to try
to solve thli panic You will find the trying very easy
and pleasant.
The Way to Win One of tbe Twenty Prizes
You do not have to spend • penny to get Into thia contest,
It is not necenary for you to order any Yeastolax. If your
list is adjudged to be one of the twenty best you will receive one of the cash prises. Without your order for
Yeastolax, if your list of worda commencing with the letter "P" is the largest you receive the firat prize of $50.00,
If thc judges award you the second prize, without your
order tor Yeastolax, you will act a check for $25.00; and
ao on down tbe line aa ahown in Lids announcement.
Win the Blf PrIze-$2000.00
If you choose you can win a great deal more tban tbe
data A prizes. All that ie neceseary for you to qualify
your list for the BIGGER PRIZES is to send in an order
for one or more packages of Yeastolax Look over carefully the schedule of prizes at classified In this announcement You will find that If you tend In f" "
>n Riving the tirgeit number of
(ginnlne wltb tht letter "J-"'. Ttf
i fn oran will bn awarder) thi
RULES* 1 This nntiU l« optn to
_SSS!___S,» X nvorj-bodr fsct.pt em-
ployee and relatival of iho Yeaitolal Co.
2 Tht Flnt Prist will bt awarded to tht
pertwn ■ '
Worill iMgl;
tbt ntxt ii.       _
Baeond Prist snd to on down tht illt of
Twonly Prim. Tbt swardt will bt madt
on tht bull of tho wordi eubmitted and
rot from a predetermined Hit Sh-mld
thero be any tlet tho fall amount of tht
priw will iw awarded to each contestant
so -j'lrnr.
3W<<rdi of irnonmona meaning ind
worda or the aant apaillna but diffir-
tnt Toeanlna wit! count aa only ono, Uie
either the lingular or plural of a word.
Only worda appearing in Weheter'i nio-
tlonarr-and not obwlete wonli will bt
4 Worda mart be numbered 1, S, t, ete.,
I tend in 11.00 for one pack-
it award youfirtt prize you
n $2.00 for two packages of
age of Yeastolax and the judges award you i    _.   	
will get $300.00. If you tend in $2.00 for two packages o.
Yeastolax ono your list it awarded fint prin yoa will get
a check for $600.00: and to on up. If you tend fn $5.00 for
5 packages of Yeastolax and t he Judge* award you the fint
prise, you will receive the Big Prise of $2000.00. Should
Er hat be Judged as the second best you would receive
0.00; and to on down the list. Remember, there are
nty prizes offered, at ahown. All the opportunity one
could desire. Go in to win tbe best prize.
$700.00 Extra Award lor
Dec IStb, 1922 is the last day for receiving your solution
to this puzzle qualifying you to win one ofthe prizes. But,
note this: For every day before that date that your order
for Yeastolax Is received an extra prize itf $10.00 for each
and every day will be added to any first prise won. If
you tend in your order today you will set a receipt for the
money: then you can send in your solution any time before
5 Tha content will bt dtddtd by three  {,
Judgee Independent of and not eon- . JL
reeled wth tht Yeaitolii Co.   Thett < |
Judget will award the prim. Thteoa>
Milan ta egret to abide by tht dtelalnne ■
of theie liidgei, md It li utidinood thlt '
■uch di<-liloni are to In tOfi-lntln. Tbe I
namet of winner! and wlimlng Ijita af
of wordi will be publlibtd ai toon aa pot-   ,T|
elblo arter the eonftit. A eopr of thli lilt   ,\
wllltwfUTnlihedtou/ontnHnrereititof   its
-■•'—-•   -,J-eiied inttfope. Two or    _
- ,- , r co-eiwatt In thie eon-  '~
ttat. but only one pHie will be awarded W
any mch co-operating imp, ;
6t_iitaof nimee muil berieclredatoor ''
offlco (any time during rm.-u.ar offlee m
hoorilonorfo.urcDee.llth,19i__, Forever* lv
day before (or ahead) of thie dite that JrH
your order for Yr-wtolax il recelreri yon /J
will get an additional award of 110.00 per '
dar,added tomy Ant prlterou win. In '-,_
eaat of tie* thli award will bi duplicated ul
to every eontenlant io tying. ■' *
Give a (fn<
OltBt hti
Medical mthstilUi have tantt reeotnfiid thet con .tip*t!imi Ii fetOMjftMJar I |r*_[ rntnr MVt - .,
s^7..ra!__r_r,» ■*■ ■*•*•• "** — Jl
IMPOHTAl-T-Sptclal Introductory Premium
Mi **jl_{£kl" totawfiic. it***— to. .»«FW_miiBllJ. w. will it*, u m mimb, nori.
Absolutely FREE- 50,000.00 Rubles
Dec. 15th and your Hit will be qualified for any of the
.prices. We will award an extra $700.00in (Mi manner. You
should try your very best to earn thia additional award.
It will cost you little additional effort. In case of ties we
will award duplicate amount* of 1700.00 to each contest*
ant ao tying. Don't overlook reading about our extra
premium of 50,000.00 Genuine Russian Rublet, whether
Twenty Prizes -$4,000.00
Class A
Wben no
Wbin 11.00
to »wt bnt
tent lo tackige
ltt Prire $50.00 $300.00
2nd Prize 25.00 150.00
3rd Prize 25.00 75.00
41b Prize 20.00 45.00
51b Prize 15.00 30.00
Yeastolax Go* '"SSw'Tm* Chicago 6th is isih ssk   200       3.00
Class 9       Claaa C
or not you enter this contest
Go after the Big Prl«a-don*t delay-start rlsht away—
set into the contest. How many worda can you find with
the letter "P"7 Great amusement—great opportunity.
$2000.00 it awaiting your call. Now Is the time to act.
!• tent In fur
two II
Class 0
Wh_n J5.«
1000.00 >'«
400.00 Ml


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