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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 14, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
B. C. Electric Railway
Would Cut Wages and
Increase Work
Public Safety to Be Sacrificed to God of
To cut down the cost of oper-
. ition, the B. C. Blectric Railway
hM announced that one-man cars
will be put Into operation on dlf-
■ terent lines under the control of
the company. The company
claims that certain lines are not
paying, and that this innovation ls
necessary in order to make them
return a revenue.
This announcement, coming in
the midst of an unemployed period
which has already taxed the Ingenuity of all those responsible for
looal government, only proves the
contention of Socialists that capitalism knows no other creed but
that of profits. Human needs and
requirements are not considered
when placed alongside of the interests of those who live on dividends and other forms of the spoils
that are wrung from the workers.
Horo Work, Less Pay
While the B. C. Electric Railway
Company has announced Its Intention of placing more work on its
•mployees, who will be employed
on the one-man cars, It has also
proposed to thie representatives of
i the men, that a substantial reduction pf wages is overdue. It has
also been announced In the press,
that ln order to have this reduction
put Into effect, the company has
applied for a conciliation board,
under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, otherwise known as
the Lemleux Act,
Whenever the workers seek
higher wages, the dear public becomes the concern of the employers. The increase asked for ls usually objected to, because as Is often
■tated, the poor long suffering publio must be saddled by this additional burden.
Those who should know, claim
that the one-man car Is a danger-
1 ous form of locomotion. Those
Who have had to use this form of
| transportation, also claim that service, which the dear*publlc is sup-
! posed to receive at the hands of
public utility corporations, ls lack-
i ing,  and  that  the  one-man  cars
[ mean a slowing up in service.
Recently the local pross carried
Ia news item from Kingston, Mass.,
In which it was recorded that four
children were kilted in a street car
ftccident in that city, the car being
(Continued on page 3)
J. Kavanagh Addressed
Enthusiastic Meeting
Last Sunday
The third meeting in the interest
of the election campaign, was held
by the Socialist Party of Canada,
laat Sunday night, In the Columbia
theatre. '
J. Kavanagh, the candidate In
South Vancouver, was the speaker
of the evening. "■
The house was crowded at 8
o'clock, and throughout the address, the closest attention was
displayed. The latter part of the
meeting was given over to questions and discussion, some very interesting points being brought Up
and dealt with by the speaker.
This was the most enthusiastic
meeting that has been held for
some considerable' time, and au-
South Vancouver.
Next week the meeting will be
held ln the Royal theatre, and J.
Harrington will speak.
Other campaign meetings will
be held as follows: Lynn Valley,
Friday, Oct. 14, 8 p.m.; B. C. Electric corner, Saturday, Oct 15, 8
p.m.; Pacific and OranvUle, Wed-
nesdty, Oct 19, 8 p.m.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Cambie  Street Grounds
Secured for Russian
Aid Meeting
|F. L P. Arranges for Big
Rally on November 5th
Sunday last a propaganda meeting was held   by   thi Federated
abor Party   at the    Dreamland
theatre.      Comrade R. P. Pettipiece  (prospective    candidate for
New Westminster)    occupied the
(chair.    Comrade Tom Richardson
live an interesting address on the
[•Meets of the party and made it
unmistakably dear that the sole
aim of the F. L. P. was to change
he present system of society.   He
firmed that until you had an In-
elligent working class who real-
thelr political and industrial
ower you    could    never achieve
nything much towards changing
he system.
Comrade Mrs. Corse followed
With an address and an appeal to
i lyomen to line up with the la-
or party who at all times would
urthcr the Interests of the work-
Comrade Harry Neelands, M.L.
, followed with a few well-chosen remarks on the work of a member of the Legislature.
Several questions followed and
frere answered by the various
akers to the full satisfaction of
audience. The meetings wilt
continued every Sunday at the
eamland Theatre at 8 p.m.
Speaker next Sunday, Dr. W. J.
urry; chairman. Comrade A. Meints.
Rally of   all   members of the
*rty in  Vancouver and  Greater
Vancouver to be held  Nov.   6th.
artlculars and   hall    to be announced later.
Local Committee
Great Efforts for *
The committee appointed by tho
Council of WorkerB to raise funds
for the aid of famine stricken
Russia has arranged for a mass
meeting on Sunday afternoon on
the Cambie Street grounds.
Efforts were made to have Joe
Knight, who has just returned
from Russia, speak, but owing to
him having made other arrangements the committee was not successful and J. D. Harrington and
J. Kavanagh will address • the
meeting. A collection will be taken for the famine sufferers.
To date the committee has collected $750, and as there are still
a number of workers in various
organizations collecting donations,
the total will eventually exceed
The committee has circularised
all organizations of workers in the
city requesting that they take part
in the nieeting on Sunday afternoon, and it is hoped that there
will be a large turnout of workers
so that the attitude of the working class of this city towards So-
viiet Russia cnn be-, realized.
Many organizations have aided
the Council of Workers ln thts
most essential work. Dances and
social evenings have been held and
a considerable sum raised by this
means. On Monday night, Oct,
17th, ,Dr. W. J. Curry will give a
lantern lecture in the Pender Hall,
the proceeds to be devoted to the
aid of the famine sufferers.
On October the 28th a concert
and dance will be held In the Finnish Hall for the same purpose.
Those willing to render help either
by singing or any other way, are
requested to meet the committee
on Monday night after Dr Curry's
The committee wishes to impress
on those who are collecting, the
necessity of active work during
the closing days of the campaign.
(By The Federated Press.)
Sydney, N.S.W.—Unemployment
still exists in Australia on a somewhat extensive scale. Fifty thousand workers are stated as being
Jobless. In the labor States of
New South Wales and Queensland,
public works are being Instituted
by the governments to absorb the
local unemployed.
In the other Australian states
(that Is Victoria, Tasmania, South
Australia and West Australia)
anti-labor governments are In
power and little or nothing is being done to reduce unemployment,
while efforts are being made by
private employers to force the men
to accept lower rates of pay. The
men, however, are solid and so far
There have been no wage cuts.
Where Is the Union Button?
Whist, 8 to 10
Dancing, 10 to 12
Some Changes Are Made
in the Constitution
Control to Be Kept in
Hands of Rank
and File
The third annual convention of
the One Big Union came to a close
on Thursday afternoon, Sept 2d.
The convention began ita deliberations on the' previous Monday with
twenty-two delegates present, as
follows: Glendenning, Chaclnols,
Mrs. Riley, Mrs. Day, Kohn, Davy,
Skinner, Clancy, Hammond! Popo-
wich (Winnipeg), Sykes (Thunder
Bay), Knight (Toronto), Roberts
(Sandon, Silverton, Rossland), Stevenson (Prince Rupert), Beroit
(Dauphin), Esselweln, (Reglna),
Broateh (Calgary), Lakeman (Edmonton), and General Secretary
Mace; general executive board
members Russell, Tanner and
Woodward were also present, but
without votes.
The convention assembled, not in
the expensive Alexandra Hotel, as
did the Trades and Labor Congress,
but in the old Roblln Hall. The
city hall did not have an electric
sign "Welcome Delegates" In front,
as it did a few weaks ago. The
ruling class knows Its friends and
Is always ready to extend the hand
of welcome to suchh as Draper,
Moore, Bruce, et al. This accounts
for tho delegates not being tendered a "banquet" in a public park by
the city.
The credentials committee re<>
pointed by the executive, was as
E. E. Sykes, Thunder Bay C. L. C.
A. Broatchf Calgary C. L. C. ■
J. Stevenson, Prince Rupert.
W. Hammond, Winnipeg C. L. C.
T. B. Roberts, Sandon.
Th ecredentiais committee recommended the seating of the above
mentioned delegates, and the convention got started on business.
The press was excluded, the reason being, that the reports of all
O. B. U. activities are nearly always misrepresented by the editors,
if not by the reporters.
The committees were quickly
elected, as follows:
Constitution Delegates—Clancy,
Broateh, Stevenson.
Officers Reports Delegates—Roberts, Hammond, Benolt.
Resolutions Delegates — Lake-
man, Sykes, Skinner, Popowlch.
The reports of these committees
are far too lengthy to give in full;
brief resume is all that is possiblo.
A large number of resolutions
had been sent in by Central Labor
Councils and Units, some of which
were favorably reported upon by
the committee and some otherwise.
The debates on tho committee's
roports were lively, even at times,
quite warm, which gave to the proceedings the life which is necessary
for renlly efficient work.
The changes In the constitution,
recommended by the convention,
after considering the reports, are
not really great, but are Intended
to keep the control of the organization in the hands of the rank;
and flle.
Several units sent In resolutions
for the consideration of the delegates, but the nature of the resolu.
tions was such that no action could
be taken, as It would Interfere with
the local autonomy which every
unit in the O. B. U. has.
The changes in the constitution
If approved by the membership!
will aid, as Is Intended, tha further
organization of the working class
in Canada.
Resolution No. 8, dealing with
Clause 13, caused much debate. It
was contended that as Clause 13
reads in the present constitution, lt
did not leave control in the hands
of the unit but in the Central Coun-
(Contlnued on page 4)
»i»'|if"»»«-»i>"».t.e«-t  III  s.H»jet'i|'»HH
THOUSANDS of workeri have aa yet not realized their
position in society. During in election campaign, there
ia muoh interest aroused in publie question*, and owing
to the present condition of the Labor market, even more
tban usual interest is being taken in the doings and sayings of the politicians. Workers will be deluged with
ruling olass propaganda and catch cries; it is essential
that they should be given the opportunity of studying the
conditions in the oountry and the cause of those conditions, in order that they may arrive at a correct conclusion as to the necessity of tin'Worken taking action on
new lines, which must of necessity, be based on class interests.
One medium of carrying thi correct diagnosis of the
prevailing distress and misery is The Federationist. Its
circulation is considerable, but it should be at least twice
as large. We have not the funds to pay for the securing
of- new subscribers—this must be dono voluntarily by our
readers. A little pep during thtt eleetion campaign would
produce the results. If present conditions are not sufficient to produce that incentive to spread working class
propaganda, the workers of this province must be sunk
ln apathy, which bodes nothing but ill for the working
class movement. Svery new reader is one less to be fooled
by ruling class piffle. Every fresh convert to the Socialist
philosophy, is another one less for the ruling olass to depend on, and another on the side of the working class.
Oet a new reader—it is in your interests.
Money for Armaments—
None to Provide
London.—"We are spending for
the current financial year on the
army, navy and air force, £207,-
794,000," writes E. D. Morel, editor Foreign Affairs. "We can only
spare £30,000 to patch up slum
property ln the whole of Scotland,
but we can spare £24,960,000 upon
the military operations of Mesopotamia. We have cut down a
building programme recognized aB
Indispensable by about one-half,
but we are presenting a dove of
peace to the Washington conference in the shape of four new
dreadnaughts, whose initial cast is
to be from eight to ten million
pounds apiece (a pound equals
13.75, present exchange).
"In the ten years before the
great war we spent £684,000,000
on armaments, which we were
told would ensure peace. The result was war, and our national
debt stands today at £8,000,000,-
000. We have added a million
square miles to our empire, and
added two millions te our unemployed as the result of it. Today
we are spending four times more
on armamants than we were In
Ruling  Class Pays  for
(By Scott Nearing.)
(Federated Press Staff Writer.)
The police of Japan must be a
happy lot! Neither subterfuge nor
concealment aro imposed upon
them after they have participated
ln a demonstration against striking workmen, On the contrary,
they are publicly commended and
duly" compensated for their pains.
The Japan Chronicle of September devotes some space to the recent labor troubles at Kobe. The
article is concluded with the following  paragraph:
"Gratuity to the Police.—The
Prefectural Council has considered
a proposal to distribute 111*946
yen among the police for their
work during the recent labor disputes In Kobe. The average sum
of money to bo granted Is 60 yen.
A few members opposed this in
view of the severe ccriticlsm
which Is now being made in some
quarters on the doings of the polico -during the recent trouble, and
urged ruduclng the grants, if they
must be given at all. The governor was, however, very emphatic
in his contention that it was not
proper for this sum to be reduced
The opposition was finally overruled and the proposal was approved."
Here, In the United States, the
police must be more circumspect.
When the New York officials help
to break strikes they are given an
inside tip on stock deals or helped
in some other Indirect way, and
when the fact of such transactions
come to light there is talk of
"graft" and "corruption." How
the American police must envy
the publlo recognition accorded to
their confreres by the grateful rulers of Japan!   .
Dance Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night in the Ponder Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe streets.
Good music, a flne floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
60c, ladies 25c.
O. N. V, X. Donates
The South Vancouver branch of
the C. N. U. X. has donated $15
toward the reliof of the famine
sufferers of Russia. The regular
meeting nights of this organization
have been changed from the 2nd
and 4th Wednesdays to the 1st and
| .City Council Refuses Request of Council
of Workers
1/ ■
; There was a good attendance at
the regular meeting of the Council
of Workers . on Tuesday evening,
the South Vancouver unemployed
sending new delegates as their old
ones are steadily employed and lt
,lr.considered that .only unemployed
iworkcrs can represent the unemployed.
' The request made for permission to hold a tag dny for the
-fainino sufferers of Russia was recused hy the City Council. The
communication from tho' city fathers stated that only for local relief would tag days be allowed.
A. communication was received
from the Winnipeg famine relief
committeo stating that Joe Knight
.would he coming to Vancouver in
[the near future to hold meetings
in aid of the famine sufferers.
A communication trom the
.Parks Board granting permission
to hold a meeting on the Cambie
Street grounds on Sunday, the
1.6th, was received.
Committees were elected to take
|.chn.rge of the dance to be held on
the 19th in the Pender Hall, for
the purpose of raising funds for
the defence of the Federationist.
Good' prizes have been secured for
the whist drive and a big.crowd
Is oxpected. Special Vusic has
| also been arranged for.
Dr. W. J. Curry having promised
to give a lecture entitled "Is Russia Making Good?" tho representatives of tho Socialist Party and
the Federated Labor Party were
requested to announce the date
of this lecture from their respective propaganda meeting platforms,
The lecture will he given on Monday night in the Pender HaU,
Officers of Internationals
Betrayed Their
Proposal to Men to Work
Under Open Shop
Turned Down
(Editor's Note—This Is the second Installment of the analysis of
the San Francisco building trades
situation, explaining the origin and
purpose of the Rank and File Federation. The article was prepared
by James Dewar and endorsed by
the Federation, whose 81 constituent unions requested ths Federated
Press to publish it).
Caso Again Adjourned.
The case against the B. C. Federationist andd A. S. Wells was on
Monday morning again adjourned
at the request of the defence. It
is expected the case will again
come up In the police court on
Monday. Oct. 17. Particulars of the
charges are now in the hands of
tho defendants' counsel and are
somewhat lengthy. Full reports
of the hearings will be published
In the Federationist.
(By James Dewar)
Here, briefly, is the history of
the battle of San Francisco;
Last May the Building Trades
Arbitration Board handed down a
decision cutting the wages of 16
building trades crafts 7% per cent.
The board was composed of the
Rev. B. J. Hanna, Catholic archbishop; George Bell, an industrial
engineer, and M. C. Sloss, former
Justice of the state supreme court.
On the technical ground that the
board had exceeded its authority In
applying the wage reduction to 16
crafts instead of the few crafts
whose cases were under Immediate
discussion, P. H, McCarthy, president of the San Francisco Building
Trades Council, rejected the award.
The membership of the unions
had not been consulted, had had no
opportunity to vote either on the
proposed arbitration or on the acceptance or rejection of the award.
A strike of the crafts affected was
ordered by the Building Trades
Several weeks went by. There
were rumors of a- coming "open
shop" campaign, backed by the
Chamber of Commerce. It was
said that a fund of $3,000,000 had
bcen subscribed for that purpose.
Apparently apprehensive of this,
President McCarthy announced
that the Building Trades Council
had reconsidered its stand, and had
decidod to accept the award of the
Arbitration Board, which, though
reducing wages, still recognized
the union shop,
The Builders Exchange, the contractors' organization, came back
with the declaration that this concession by McCarthy was "too late."
Tho "open shop" flght was on. San
Francisco, "the stronghold of labor," the city which had maintained tho union shop in its major industries for 20 yenrs, was in for
the same medicine that had bcen
forced down the throats of labor
in a hundred other American
With tho carefully-planned support of the Chamber of Commerce,
through its industrial relations
committee, a close-knit organizii
tlon was formed which effectually
forbade tho delivery of building
materials to any fair contractor—
any contractor standing by the
unions and refusing to accept the
"American plan." Incidentally, it
may bo pointed out that through
the thin disguise of the Industrial
relations committoe may be recognized tho same notorious "law and
order" committee that brought disgrace upon the city in the Mooney
case and in a dozen other, episodes.
Import Scabs
The Builders Exchange and the
Chamber of Commerce began the
importation of scabs, A downtown
hotel was ronted in which to house
them. Tlio Building Trades Council pursued the policy of permitting men to work for such contractors as could be Induced to
play both ends of the game—promising the Builders Exchange to
work on the "American plan" so as
to get materials and at the same
time entering into secret arrange-
(CoiiUnuort en page 4)
Seattle Workers Will Send
Stream of Supplies
to Strikers
(By the Federated Press)
Seattle—Plans for relief caravans which will stream out of Seattle and Taeoma several times a
week bearing relief furnished by
unionists for striking coal miners,
have been approved by the Central
Labor Council here, and actual re
lief work has been begun. The
work is under the supervision of
Teamsters and Auto Truck Drivers
Local 174, which is furnishing a
fleet of trucks to the Black Diamond mine, largest of the struck
mines, which Is to serve as a base
for commissary supplies.
The Washington coal diggers
have been on strike seven months
against an attempt to cut wages In
defiance of an agreement between
operators and the United Mine
Food and clothing Is being supplied by city workers, while grangers are sending truckloads of
vegetables, milk and other farm
products ln their own trucks to the
relief centre. Carpenters, street
rallwaymen and musicians are ac
lively aiding the teamsters ln the
Situation in Far East May
Cause Another Great
(By The Federated Press.)
San Francisco.—A resolution to
bar unemployed workmen from
entering California was the chief
result of the State unemployment
conference Just held here.
Cambie St. Grounds
Sunday, October 16th
AT 3 P.M,
For the Purpose of Raising: Funds for the
Famine Sufferers of Russia
J. D. Harrington and
J. Kavanagh
Collection for the Belief of Russia's Famine Victims
Australian Workers Are
Putting on Big
(By W. Francis Ahern.)'
(Australian  Correspondent,  The
Federated Press.)
Sydney, N.S.W.—A big campaign
is now under way in Australia for
the establishment of the proposed
chain of labor dally newspapers in
every Australian state. Organizers are out all over the continent,
and a start has boen made'e In the
raising of $1,750,000 necessary to
establish labor dailies in Sydney,
Melbourno and Perth, and to
strengthen existing dailies in Brisbane, Adelaide, Hobart, Broken
Hill and Ballarat.
The money Is being raised by a
levy of $2.CO from every adult
male unionist and $1.50 from women and juvenile unionists. Tho
sceme .also encloses the merging
of all existing labor papers Into
ono company—Labor Papers, Limited—with a ential bureau in the
intorests of efllciency and eocnomy.
A world-wide exccluslvo Labor-
Socialist cable and news service
Is part of the schome. It Is planned that the scheme will be able
to start with the beginning of 1922.
Patronize  Fed  AilverllMr-i
Decision of Washington
Conference Will Only
Have Force of Guns
(Federated  Press  Staff  Correspondent.)
Washington.—China's legitimate government at Canton, ln a
message cabled to.Ma Soo, representative of its president, Dr. Sun
Yat Sen, here, announced that the
offers from Poking of one of its
four commlssionershlpB to the
Washington conference had been
and would be flatly refused. Dr.
C. C. Wu, son of Dr. Wu Ting
Fang, Foreign Minister of the Canton government, will not bo one
of the delegation Bent here by Peking. South China, which claims
to speak for all China, will be represented here, lf at all, only in Its
own right,
Mr. Ma explained that thc issues
to be discussed in the conference
of the powers on the Fnr Eastern
situation ure not general, but concrete. It ls not the open door in
China, but tho definite application
of the opon door rule and the
principle of the territorial integrity of China, In Shantung, Manchuria and the various other re
glons, that must be settled tf the
Orient ts to have peace. The day
for discussing abstract principles
Is past. The Canton government
speaks for China, and if It Is not
permittod to speak at this conference, the obviously this conference will fail to settle the Chinese
American wage-workers are con
cerned ln the failure of our State
Department to deal directly with
tho government at Canton, because Amorican labor wants peace
and disarmament. Just to the extent that China is turned over to
the receivership which Great Britain, Japan and the United States
may declare against her political
freedom, the menace of a later
revolt bby 350,000,000 Chinese
will give excuse to the military
clique of all countries to maintain standing armies and costly
South China will watch and
wait, and probably she will Join
the people of India, of Korea and
of Eastern Siberia in armed activity when the Washington conference has definitely refused to grant
her permission to Its cessions.
The Chineso are aware that Secretary Hughes ls a lawyer and
that as a lawyer he feels bound to
shut his eyes to facts in China and
to deal with the Peking government—which Is under Japanese
control—Just as he still deals only
with the Kerensky government of
Russia. The Chinese wait. They
smile 'politely at the suggestions
now coming from the White House
and Stute Department to tho effect
(Continued on page 4)
Inter-church Commission
Bares Rottenness of
Capitalist Sheets
A Scathing Condemnation
of Lying Tactics in
U.S. Steel Strike
.By the Federated Press)
(New York Bureau)
New Tork—What It perhapi th*
moat damning exposure of newipaper fal-lflcation on a glgantlo
•eale, of deliberate and shameless
suppression and distortion of facta,
of Journalistic grovelling at the feet
of the Oreat Qod Honey, and Anally, ot the debauching of publlo
opinion fey the harlotry of tha
press, li set forth ln complete detail and In calm, dispassionate language In the concluding section of
the second volume of the report of
the Interchurch World Movement*
Commission of Inquiry on th*
Steel Strike of 191», to be publish-
ed within two weeks.
The report, baaed on analyses of
400 issues of the seven English tan-'
guage newspapers ln Pittsburgh,
appearing during the first two
months of the strike, discloses just
one Instance among the thousands
of articles printed In whtcb a description of conditions among tha
striking steel workers was based on
a first-hand investigation by a
Pittsburgh reporter.
It proves that the Pittsburgh
newspapers gave detail and prominence only to the side of the steel
Interests, and It describes their
general attitude as having been
well stated to one of the Interchurch Investigators by a Pittsburgh editor, who said the strl^a
ww "a ticklish story" and best let
alone as much as possible.
Brawn Lying
It shows that the English-language newspapers of Pittsburgh
from the beginning of the strike,
resorted to every species of perversion, misrepresentation and brazen
lying to poison the minds or the
public against the strikers and to
conceal not only the real issues of
tho strike, but thc actual conditions from day to day. It declares
that although there were later Investigations and protests sent to
these newspapers, not one of them
(Continued on page 2)
Meeting: Are Arranged for
to Eve of the
The campaign committee in
South Vancouver, which is supporting J. Kavanagh, the S. P. of
C. candidate in that constituency,
is a model of efficiency. Mootings
havo already been arranged for up
to the eve of the election, and much
money hns boen collected.
A whist drive and danco will be
held in the Fraser Hall on Saturday night, the proceeds to go to
tho campaign fund. The list of
meetings already arranged for Is
lengthy. Others will bo provided
for at a later date In the campaign. Tho list to date ls as follows:
Oct. 25, Mackenzie school, 46th
and Fraser,
Nov. 4, Carleton school, Kings-
way and Joyce.
Nov. 8, Tecumsoh school, 43rd
and Victoria,
Nov. 17, Selkirk school, 22nd and
Nov, 23, Secord school, 61st and
Victoria road.
Nov. 24, Brock school, 33rd and
Nov. 25, McBride school, 29th
and Cultodcn street.
Nov. 29, Brock school, 33rd and
Main street,
Nov, 30th, Sexsmlth school, 61st
and Ontario street.
Deo 1, Carleton school, Kings-
way and Joyce.
Dec. 2, Connaught school, Wellington Ave. and Rupert.
Dec. 5, Mackenzie school, 46th
and Fraser.
Headers of Tho Federatlonist In
the South Vancouver district should
cut out this list fora reference, as
good spea'kers will be In attendance
at each meeting.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription,
»■.-*■■ .1 |    | l,...»..<.i«..«-«.l«"»..|pl*">n »-,—■■»..
Under the Auspices of the Socialist Party of Canada
Campaign Committee
PENDER HALL, Corner Pender and Howe Sts.
Whist, 8 to 10 Dancing, 9 to 12
OENTS, 500 LADIES, 25c
l-t"» II* .■!»_-It H_--*lltll|   il
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Thirteenth ybar.  no. 4a   T__ J-K1X1H11 COLUMBIA FEDKKATIONIST  Vancouver, b.a
..October 14, IH
Publisned every Friday morning by Tke B. 0,
Federationist, Limited
A. & WELLS..
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tTnity of Labor: The Hope of tte World
FRIDAY.;...'. October 14,  1921
THE word unemployment is working
overtime these days. There is not a
newspaper published in which it does not
occupy a prominent position. .Cabinets are
meeting to discuss this phase of capi-
talism. Labor or-
THE NECESSITY ganizations are at-
Cr tempting to deal
UNEMPLOYMENT    with the greatest
problem that has
ever faced the world, and yet we were
told in a newspaper dispatch a few days
ago that Great Britain must at all times
have a reservoir «f floating unemployed.
*t tt. if.
Socialists have for many'decades pointed out that capitalism can only be operated with a large army of unemployed
people, social reformers of every school of
thought'have scoffed at this statement;
but a statement contained in an, article
which appeared in the Vancouver Sun on
Monday morning, and which was1 cabled
from London, is a candid admission that
the Socialists have understood capitalism,
and, understanding that system, realized
the cause of unemployment. The statement is as follows:
"The nature of this huge concentrated industrial community demands
a constant employable reservoir of
floating unemployed population
wherefrom to draw reserves for
periods of industrial speeding up in
any given,industry.
"Heretofore there has been a fairly constant economic factor.   Today,
however, it is out of bounds."
* ♦ *
Not only does that huge concentrated
industrial community in Great Britain demand a constant unemployed population,
but the capitalistic method of production
in any country mnst, of necessity, have a
reserve industrial army of'unemployed.
But, however, as pointed out in the
passage quoted above, that unemployed
army is now out of bounds. It has grown;
it must continue to grow, and by its very
dimensions, at some time, bring about
such conditions that the system will collapse due to its top heaviness and inability
to provide for the people. ,
» * *
Labor organizations, reform societies
end organizations, who, while possibly influenced by the best of intentions, are
neither capable or strong enough to cure
unemployment under a system which is
incapable of being carried on without a
large number of unemployed. The development of the system will continually
cause more and more unemployment because of its very nature, When the capitalistic tools of production were of a comparatively primitive nature, tho surplus
values created by the workera were relatively small. As those machines grew
more complex the productivity of the
workers was enhanced and more and more
surplus values were stored up in an ever-
decreasing space of time. In ratio with
this increased productivity, the unemployed question grew, until today every country in the world Is faced by an evergrowing problem that cannot be solved
by more work as suggested by many.
Doles have proven futile; in fact, thc rilling class is today groaning at the inroads
that are being made into the surplus
values by the necessity of feeding the
hungry. The workers having nothing but
their labor power, cannot hand out doles
to themselves, and the master class hai
to provide the wherewithal to stem the
tide of discontent and misery which is
caused by the very productivity of labor.
» » »
While no one would deny that the workers should do all they can, under the
present system, to relieve their miseries
and to feed themselves, the fact that capitalistic production cannot be carried on
without an arpay of unemployed demonstrates that; any measures short of the
abolition of the capitalistic system will
not cure the unemployed evil. Doles only
relieve temporarily and partially. Belief
work Ib only a* patchwork proposition.
Charity in the shape of soup kitchens and
cast-off clothing from the ruling class, is
worse than useless. None of these things
even begin to touch the fringe of human
misery caused by the present system.
They are but an admission, that the unemployed question is greater than the
minds of men can solve, without first admitting and realizing that the system
which causes unemployment must be removed before the evil wliich it creates can
be relegated to oblivion. The only way to
solve unemployment is to abolish the system that demands it and cannot exist
without it.
IT IS a long time ago since Marx and
Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto. Much water has run under the bridge
since those days, in the late forties, when
an immediate programme was thought
necessary in the Soeial-,j
EVOLUTION     ist movement in order
AND MB." to bring the moro con-
STEVENS servative workers to thc
point where they would
attempt to study Scientific Socialism.
Engels, in a preface to a lato edition published in 1888, about forty years after thc
flrst edition was circulated, particularly
roferrcd to this section of tho work and
said: "The practical application of the
principles will depend as the manifesto
itself states, everywhere and at all times,
on tho historical conditions for tho time
being existing, and, for that reason, no
special stress is laid on the revolutionary
measures proposed at the end of Section
11. That passage would, in many respects,
be very differently worded today."
» ».        #
The immediate programmo, as laid down
in 1848 is the latter part of Section 11,
and when read in the light of Engels'
words some forty years later, and it is
considered that'over thirty years have
elapsed since the later pronouncement,
and the development of capitalism in
those years has been greater than
in the previous hundred, it will be
readily recognized by the student,
that there havo bcen even greater changes
in the historical conditions than in the
years between the date of the publication
and Engels' preface of 1888.
The Hon. H. H. Stevens, who is contesting the Vancouver Centre constituency,
as a supporter of the Meighen administration, in an address delivered last Sunday, quoted the immediate programme aa
laid down in the manifesto, and is reported as follows:
"The speaker commenced by reviewing tho progress of Socialistic ad-
" vances since the time of their great
apostle, Karl Marx. Nearly all of the
reforms advocated by him in his manifesto of 1845 had come to pass either
in whole or in part. This change had,
however, been brought to pass not by
rovolution, but by evolution. In considering any great change in economics, said Mr. Stevens, two things
must be taken into consideration, the
human clement, and already proven
theories and facts. In Russia, the
Bolshevists were ardent admirers of
Karl Marx, but had tried to bring in
his ideas by revolutionary means and
without considering the human element, and the result was what certainly looked like failure."
» » #
While Mr. Stevens endeavored to impress his hearers with the idea that great
changes must be brought about by evolution and not by revolution, it might be
well to point out that Marx, while laying
down a programme for the immediate moment, even in those days, before the development of capitalism reached the stage
it has today, when the entire world is
suffering misery, disease and death while
the means of production are a hundred
times moro profflcient than they were in
1848, always insisting that wage slavery
must be abolished before the workers
oould become free and human society develop to the full. This objective has,
however, not yet been achieved .by the
workers. We have, however, today reached that stage in the evolutionary processes
when an entire change is necessary. Just
as it is necessary for the egg to go through
a process of evolution, before it is possible
for the chick to emerge from its shell, so
must human society develop within the
shell of the system under i.hich humanity
struggles for greater development. But
as the chick reaches a certain stage in the
evolutionary process, it must of necessity,
burst its bonds and emerge from the shell
or perish; so humanity must at some stage
in the process of evolution attempt to
burst the shell which prevents further
progress or perish.
* * «
Capitalism, the shell which was necessary to the development of the means of
production to a point where the wants of
humanity could be supplied, and which
was just as necessary in its place as was
chattel slavery and feudalism, and has
reached that point, where, as in older
forms of slavery, it has ceased to function, must be burst or the human race will
perish. A complete change must be made.
A political and economic revolution is necessary. Whether that political and economio revolution will be a violent one,
will depend on the actions of the reactionary elements of society, not on tho workers who aro endeavoring to bring about
that necessary change so that humanity
can grow and reach the highest point of
• • *
It is true that the change was brought
about in Bussia by violent means,—the
only means, however, be it noted, that
was possible in that country. The Kerensky revolution, which was hailed with glee
by all capitalistic governments was also a
violent revolution. Not because of the
wish of the revolutionary forces, but from
necessity. The Meighen government,
which Mr. Stevens supports, knows what
effect force has. It has used it on the
workers. The working class /has been
ruled by force all down through the ages.
The members of that- class are sick of
bloodshed and war. They have been the
victims too long. They now seek peace
and the right to live, and if the ruling
class and the reactionary forces of any
country-will stand out of the way and refrain from force; that necessary political
and economio revolution will be a peace-'
ful one. The onus for any other method
will rest-on the reactionary forces. If,
however, either one of the ruling class candidates in Centre Vancouver wishes any
further information and enlightenment on
the works of Marx and their meaning, or
the policy of the revolutionary working
class seeking to break tho shell of capitalism whioh prevents the human family
from attaining a greater development, such information and enlightenment will be supplied at any
time to them on the publio platform by the Socialist candidate for
that constituency, who not only understands Marx, but the position of the working class and the function of the Mcigh-
ens in keeping the workers in subjection,
Mr. Stevens says reforms must eome slowly. A question our readers might ask
themselves is: If it took over seventy years
to seo some, not all, of the immediate
reforms aa laid down in the Communist
Manifesto', mot, how long will it tako a
ruling class to abolish tho system wliich
enslaves tho workers. The correct answer
to this question, when found, will point
tho way thc workers must take to achieve
their freedom, and that is to take it themselves and education will greatly assist
them in getting it Capitalistic politicians,
even if they wanted to, do not know bow
to secure it for them. ,
IT IS too bad, President Harding has
dashed the hopes of the peaceful-minded to the ground. In spite of the fact that
he called the disarmament conference, he
says it cannot be done, and that universal disarmament would
ANOTHER be beyond hope of real-
HOPE ization, and that even
SHATTERED its desirability at this
time might well be
questioned. We had a hunch that the
conference was not likely to bring the results that some people hoped for. That
hunch was based on the fact that all nations are seeking markets for their surplus products. Surplus products when
the people are starving from the lack of
the very food they have produced. Unless those markets oan be obtained, there
can be no profits realized. Consequently,
undem system of society which is carried
on for profits, there must be a struggle
for markets in whioh surplus values
wrung out of the hides of the producing
slaves, can be disposed ot
* * *
The London Daily Telegraph, we have
been told during the week by the local
press, has stated that the problem of the
Pacific touches the interests of the British
people far more than matters they may
consider wholly domestic. It is reported
as having stated :
"It is a strange irony of fate, that
as soon as the Atlantic problem was
solved, as far as Great Britain and
Germany were concerned, an equally
momentous problem emerged from the
Pacific. It may threaten a world cat-
ashtrophe if not dealt with at Washington, in a spirit very different from
that in which the former was handled.
If no satisfactory understanding is
reached, there seems little chance of
escaping new rivalry in armaments
between Japan and the United States
for the mastery of the Pacific. It will
be seen the whole future of China is
at stake, and China's future is of vital interest to the nations which depend upon her markets as an outlet
\ for tneir manufactures."
* ' » *
That subtle touch about the settling of
the Atlantic problem, taken into consideration with the reference to the future of
China being at stake, and China's futuro
being of vital interest to the nations
which depends on her markets as an outlet for their manufactures, in other words
surplus values, would almost lead one to
think that after all the war for democracy
was merely a struggle for economio powey
or for tho command of markets. PerislJ
the thought; it is only heathen and uncivilized countries which are fougldt fo*
markets,, and "civilized countries fight
amongst themselves for the right of self-
determination for small nations. What the
slogan will be when the U. S. seeks
by the sword to maintain the interests of
China so that her markets may.be available for American goods, heavens only
knows; it certainly will not be for the
right of a small nation to determine her
course. It may, however, be for the extension of civilization and the upholding
of the supremacy of the white race. In
any case, it will belhe blood of the workers that will be shed in order that markets may be found to dispose of the
wealth which the slaves who do the fighting have produced. In the meantime,
there will be no disarmament. The conflicting economio interests are too strong
and_the"race for markets too keen, and
the'peace-seeking element in society'must
turn their eyes to otlier than capitalistic
powers before their dreams come true.
(By Evelyn Sharp)
(federated Press Staff Writer.)
LONDON, Sept. 21.—So far nothing that has been done by
the government In recesses has
approached a settlement of the unemployment difficulty. The first
meeting of the cabinet sub-committee with its feeble suggestions
of local works and its evasion of
tbe main question of finance, met
with the scorn lt deserved from
the thousands of workless men and
women who are beseeching the
poor law guardians for relief now
that the unemployment dole has
been  stopped.
The meeting between the six
London labor mayors and the
cabinet committee on .unemployment resulted in nothing useful,
the labor representatives pointing
out that unemployment was not a
national business and could not be
dealt with locally. Work or maintenance, they represented, must be
provided by the government, and
both should be financed by the
national treasury and not by the
ratepayers who, ln the poorer districts where the poor tax is highest, are unable to pay.
It Is as a protest against this Inequitable manner of financing relief to the unemployed that the
Poplar guardians, including George
Lansbury, \ editor of the Daily
Herald, went to prison a fortnight
ago, and are still in prison, technically for contempt of court ln
refusing to levy certain rates ln
their district which involved the
pernicious principle of forcing the
poor to pay for the poor.
The six labor mayors, after their
fruitless interview with the cabinet committee, resolved to go ln
deputation to the prime minister
and set off for the Highlands,
where their persistence has been
'rewarded, for in spite of an original refusal to see them the prime
minister has now consented to receive th£m.
The trouble has, no doubt, many
roots. One is our foreign policy
and the disastrous effects of the
Versailles peace, and our blockade
of Qermany and Bussia, upon our
foreign trade. Another is the victory of the capitalists and profiteers In the last general election,
and the consequent war upon
wagea which has produced strike
after strike. Another ls the deliberate, scrapping of the many admirable schemes drawn up by the
reconstruction committee during
the war in anticipation of the present crisis.
But more than anything ls the
new spirit among workers expressing Itself ln their refusal to sit
down quietly and starve with their
families, as they-used to, in periods
of depression in "the good old
days." And this spirit is not confined to the workers; it Is shared
by large numbers of others, especially among the intellectuals
who are now in the labor party,
and even by members of the employing class.
All this has to be reckoned with
In answering the demand for work
or proper maintenance, and, ln
conjunction with the Irish question, It may well lead to a general
election. .No government returned
to deal with both questions would
be in an enviable position.
. No doubt the government ls
moved more immediately by the
increasing riots that ar ebreaklng
out everywhere. Collision^ with
the police naturally occur when
hungry men and women parade In
thousands. The amazing thing is,
not that they sometimes resort to
violence, but that they do not rise
in revolution everywhere,
World News in
Brief Paragraphs
Thousands of London's unemployed met on the Thames embankment on Thursday for the purpose
of accompanying a delegation to
see the premier. They demanded
work or maintenance at union rates
of wages.
Helingsfors, Sept. 4.—Representatives of the American Belief
Commission who have arrived in
Petrograd, have sent a radio to
Hoover denying reports In the American presB that food shipments in
Petrograd have been plundered.
Lying Press  Is
Once Again Exposed
{Continued from page I)
'A U. S. paper takes much pleasure in
announcing that the unemployment conference has proven that there are not
six million unemployed, as has been
stated, but only four million. The four
million will no doubt, get a similar
amount of satisfaction to learn that
there is not more of them.
The editor of the Vancouver Daily
World opines that Mr. King ia free from
improper influences. He may not, however, be free from the influence of'the
Rockefeller interests which he at one time
served. "We might ask if the' * influences''
of the Quebec manufacturers are improper t We should imagine at least that
they are influential.
The president of the Manchester Ohamber of Commerce says that we are not
suffering from organie troubles, but from
an exaggerated feeling of depression.
Tho unemployed of that city will no
doubt be pleased to know that they are
not hungry, but merely depressed. We,
however, doubt if the gentleman referred
to, is capable of filling an aching void by j
optimistie words. ' ■   ,
Capital, says the new Minister of
Trade and Commerce, is merely saved-
up labor. We were under the impression'
that capital is wealth extracted fronvthe
workers at the point of production, ahd
used in the production of more wealth.
If, however, saved-up labor is capital,
there are a large number of capitalists
amongst the unemployed they have saved
up thcir labor-power for a long time now.
Tho ruling class saved up the product of
their toil produced when they were "working.
Sydney Webb thinks that the cure for
the present conditions in Great Britain are
to be found in the stimulation of normal
production. No doubt the manufacturers
of that country will agree with him,' and
would bo glad to find a market which
would provide thc stimulation. Mr. Webb
might very, easily bo benefited if he could
have his mental processes stimulated, he
might then recognize that it is impossible
to stimulate anything except with stimulants, and in this case tho needed stimulants arc markets, and thero docs not appear to bQ any around,
changed its attitude or its policy,
It cites instances in which the editors printed false stories believing
them to Ue false, stories concocted
for the one purpose of hurting the
strikers and discrediting their
The report traces some of the
more obvious connections between
the ownership of the newspapers
and the industrial and financial interests whose whole terrific power
was arrayed against the steel workers, and it finds that the newspapers were chiefly responsible for
the current belief in Pittsburg—reflected by most of the newspapers
throughout the country—that the
strike was "revolutionary," "un-
American" and  "Bolshevik."
Without heat, and as coolly and
ruthlessly  as a surgeon  exposing
went about the business of polluting the publlo mind and drenching
the community with falsehoods
about the strike, which seeped
through the usual news channels to
every part of the country, tainting
the news of the struggle and deceiving millions of persons into the
belief that the strike was Intended
to be a flrst step to overthrow the
Headline after headline, story
after story, is reproduced exactly as
it appeared from the Pittsburg
Gazette -Times, Chronlcl e-Dispatch,
Post, Sun, Dispatch, Leader and
Press; and then, concerning the
policy of all the Pittsburg papers,
the report says:
Ads. Used
"On Sept. 27, the fifth day of the
strike, an advertising campaign
was begun to Induce the striking
steel workers to abandon their pro-
tost. While the advertisements
were apparently intended for the
strikers themselves, they had, unquestionably, by reason of their
prominence, an important influence
In forming public opinion on the
causes and issues of the strike. Between Sept. 27 and Oct. 8, over 30
full page advertisements denouncing the leadership ot the strike,
and calculated to undermine the
morale of the Btrikers, appeared in
the Pittsburg newspapers. They
were printed in English and generally ln four or five foreign languages as well. In sum, the purport
of these advertisements was that:
it was un-American* for the steel
workeri to be on strike.
A number ot these advertisements contained a half-page cartoon of "Uncle Sam," garbed In
Stars and Stripes, with his hand to
his mouth calling in the direction
of steel mills pictured in the upper
background: "Go back to work."
This exhortation was printed In
eight languages. The pago-wlde
streamer line tn heavy black Ink at
the top read: "America la calling
Says the report: "Theso advertisements represent In crystallized
form the misinformation concerning the strike which was persistently circulated in the news columns
ot the Pittsburg press and elsewhere. The point of view taken in
these advertisements waa exactly
the point ot view which dominated
tlie newa and editorial columns of
Uie Pittsburg papers from the beginning to tbe end of the strike,
and It should be borne ln mind that
no Pittsburg papers pretended to
offer at any tiirie a consistent and
thorough examination of the causes
of the strike from any other point
of view."
The lengths to which the papers
went is illustrated by their printing copious excerpts ,from Wm. Z,
Foster's book whitten years before
'Syndicalism," which was specially reprinted by the steel companies, The extracts printed from
this book in the newspapers took
tlie place of nctusl detailed news
on the extent of the strike.
Whon it came to printing the
Milko committee's figures of the
number of men on strike, it was
tho practice to "bury" these statements. Only when the strike was
two months old did some of the
papors print an estimate ot totals
made by a news agency from company sources, wliich confirmed the
strikers' original estimates. The
newspaper headlines customarily
boHttled the extent of the strike.
Two days after the strike started
the display headline of the Pittsburg Leader said:
"Pittsburg Mills Running Full;
Union Men Meet,"'
The   story  contained   no   such
statement, and the mills were not
running full even-six weeks later,
Headlines from the Post, the
Chronicle-Telegraph, the Sun, the
Press, shouting in bold letters that
on Nov. 17, from 7000 to 8000 men
had returned to work in the Cam'
brla mills, are reproduced. It is
then set forth that the whistles of
the Cambria mills did blow In November for the first time since September 22, and that the actual
count of the men returning to work
participated in by an investigator,
showed 600 men at work in the
Cam bra i plants!
The papers gave Bpeclal prominence to stories calling the strike
"alien," and demanding the "curbing" or deportation ot "aliens."
The Chronicle-Telegraph and the
Gazette-Times editorially charged
that the strike was pro-German in
origin. They put on the front page
stories that "numerous steel men'
asserted that the strike was started by Germany. One of these had
a headline: "Inspired Walkout to
Regain Trade, Steel Men Say.
cancej*, the report tells exactly. 	
how   these   Pittsburg   newspapers p  When   the   news   developments
—*   ■  -     -      were   actually   favorable   to   the
strikers, such as on the occasion of
the sessions of the Senate investigating committee ln Pittsburg, at
which steel workers and their leaders gave dramatic testimony—at
such times the Pittsburg press reported the hearings under such
headlines as:
"McKellar Scores Chiefs for Not
Delaying Strike." "Steel Strike
Preventable, Senators Hear; Walkout In Opposition to President's
Wish, Witnesses to Local Probe
What the worker witnesses actually said was cut down to very
brief space and "burled" in the
Toung friends of the Junior
Labor League will have an opportunity to get acquainted with the
members at the whist drive and
dance thaht will be held in the
F, L. P. Hall, 148 Cordova Street
West, at 8 p.m. next Friday evening. A good crowd of members
and friends ls expected and everyone Is invited to attend and take
the young people along. A nominal
admission fee will be charged to
cover expenses.
The league's football team, the
Spartlcans, will play North Vancouver Juniors, In the opening
match of the season, at Boulevard
Park, North Vancouver. The team
Is entered ln the new Junior football alliance, B.C.F.A., and a lively
season is anticipated. The Spartlcans are anxious to line up a strong
team and to that end announce that
San Quentin, Cal.—John Golden,
criminal syndicalism prisoner,
whose hunger strike aroused the
sympathy and protests of radicals
all over California, has been released from solitary and given a
light job in the prison Jute mill.
Vienna—Rosta Wien: The Vienna Bote Fahne publishes a secret
letter (L. 1784) from the Polish
embassy In Vienna to the Hungarian embassy. The letter( arranges
for the transport under the label
old iron of 160 wagons of war material, chiefly field guns, howitzer
and machine guns.
Budapesth—Contrary to expectations, a flrst transport of exchanged Communist prisoners will not
leave until the middle of the
month. The Hungarian government flnd the difficulty ln Identifying the Communists and claims
that many of them do not wish to
go to Russia. It is feared that
Hungarian authorities will force
the imprisoned Communists to
state that they wish to remain in
New Tork—"Big Six" Typographical Union of this city has
voted to accept the arbitration of
the wage scale in the book and Job
printing shops with the Now Tork
Employing Printers Association.
President Leon H. Uons$, although
he characterized the plan of arbitration proposed as unfair, told the
members,that In view of the fact
that the executive council of the
International Typographical Union
had directed the acceptance of the
proposal, there was nothing else to
do. Pending the arbitration, the
scale will remain at |60 a woek.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
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Phone Sey^ 1397
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they can take a few more into the
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players. Toung footballers should
pbone convener sports* committee,
Fair. 302SL, tonight, or bo at the
game tomorrow. Get out and boost
for the Spartlcans!
The executive commltte* and
other committees Are meeting tonight There will not bo a meeting
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Saturday and Monday
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Men's Storm or Plain Front, ordinary weight
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much—call up
Phone Fairmont M
Prompt Ambulance Service
"A Good Place to Eat"
Tha great Increaso in tbt number
of telephone station! ln thla province meani that the telephono tnb*
acrlbar la able to reach many mora
poople by wire, and consequently Ua
service la of greater valne. During
the past year or two, expansion hM
been marked In all parts of Vaneoaver Island ond the Lower Mainland,
bnt adequato facilities have been la*
stalled, both In regard to outsit*
plant and Inside equipment, to meat
the neods of the various communities.
The object of the company Is to givo
a telephono aervloo socond to nono.
and Non-alcoholic wines of (0
..October 14, lilt
Something must be done
about your teeth
It takes you a lifetime of care to keep yonr teeth
attractive. Everything is lost once you start to
neglect them—after decay sets in—when it is too
late to save the natural tooth. ,
See me before they reach this stage. If possible,
I endeavor to save your natural teeth. There is
no need for discouragement, however, if one or
any of yop teeth have been lost. I can match
them perfectly—give them a natural charm, behind which my work is entirely concealed.
Corner Seymour
Olllce Open  Tuesday  ood Friday
.  Hall Last
Year's Prices   '
With this average reduc-
tion ln all my prices, now
m mea your opportunity.
The saving Is very considerable.
Lumber Workers' .-■
News and Views
1921, whil. emplorad ky p. Bain,
at Mission, as a logger.
Edwin   Anderson i—i Claim   No.
12447.     Af. 29.     Injured Jun.,
DB. BESTT  AHDIBSOlt, form-pl, member it th. Fatuity ol tn.
Colls,, ot Deutletrjr, Uol.-nlt.   of Southern C_llt-r_ls,  Lwtnrer
oa Crown .nd Bridgework, Oemonstretor In Plotework Md Opera-
tin D.nll.trr, Local and Oeoer.1 loMsthesU. '
Velnna- t-t Tha announcement
that th. government lntends.to
' double the price ot bread ln Austria fs arousing labor's bitterest
opposition, Th. allies have stated that the bread subsidy must be
reduced aa the requisite of obtain
ing entente credit, and aa th.
government haa n. alternative the
only defence left to labor la a
new atruggle for higher wages.
The Inevitable result of the new
bread price ls aa unprecedented
strike wave
Help Famine Stricken Workers and Peasants
How Much WiU-You Give to Help Them?
Will you feed 100 children today at a cost of only 5 per
cent, per child t
A Total Contribution of .$6.00
Will you feed 20 families today at a cost of only 25 per
'   cent per family!
A Total Contribution of $5.00
Will you feed 10 families today at a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family.
A Total Contribution of   $2.50
WW you feed 20 children today ^at a cost of only 5 per
cent, per childf
A Total Contribution of   $1.00
Send All Remittances to
P. 0. Box 3591, Station B, Winnipeg, Man.
Seoretary, Miss A. Schultz
Form branches  everywhere,  and  affiliate  with the
Central Office at the above address.  Collect funds, grain,
etc., and ship, to the Central Committee, advising when
having "done so.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plant.
Ornamental and Shad. Trees, Seels, Bulbs, Florist.' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
— Easting! Street Eut 728 Oranvllle Strerl
- Seymour 988-672. Soymour 9B1S
The WhT.l Loggers' Boot
lf.ll orders perHaally ttteadad te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VO~S A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymour 551 Repairs Done While Yon Watt
A Common Sense
Economic Law
It is good logic to spend your money where it
will do you the most good. Cascade Beer is made
in Vancouver by Vancouver workmen. When you
drink it your money helps to keep Vancouver men
in employment. Not only that; but it is acknowledged to be the best beer sold in B. O. Insist on
For Twent, Vesre w. 1st. Issued this Union Stamp tor nss under onr
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Forbids Both Strikes and Lockout!
Disputes Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Workmanihlf
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers and Publio
peace and Success to Workers and Employers
prosperity of Sboe Making Communitiei
Aa loyal unloa men and women, we aak
you to demand shoes bearing tbe abort
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole ox Lining,
Collls Lovely, Goneral President     Charles L. Balne, General Sec-Tress,
Reports have) "been received from
several camps during the past
week showing general feeling of
disgust with the rotten conditions
at present prevailing in the camps,
at the Bame time there is shown a
startling Inability to crystalize
these sentiments Into a desire to
change these intolerable conditions.
There is one camp In particular,
Widman's camp on Hardwick Island, where conditions are, jto say
the least, punk, and decent men
going up there only stay long
enough to make their fare to town,
because the rest of the slaves
haven't sufficient gumption to try
to get better conditions. *
In order to crowd more men
Into the bunk house partitions are
put in so that beds can be placed
side by side. According to a report
received Donkey punchers are paid
the magnificent sum of 50 cents
an hour, and it is said that one of
these has even gone so far as to
repair the Donkey on. Sunday for
nothing. It is extremely fortunate
for this Individual that the Donkey j
wasn't of the four-legged variety.
The Ocean Falls labor skinners
seem to be peeved over the trouble
they have ben put to for the contractors are getting up on. their
ear now. A member of the Union
who has been trying to wake the
slaves up In one of these camps.
was rewarded a few days ago by
one of the aforesaid contractors by
getting the order of the can at a
moment's notice.
The trouble at Ocean Falls Is a
striking illustralon of what could
be done if all the loggers on the
coast woke up. At the timo of
the strike the Dominion government was communicated with and
a request was mado to all Trade
Union bodies in the city to do likewise, which many of them did
with the result that something < ?)
has happened. Camp 7 has had
to shut  down.    Camps A and  B
131 Hastlngi St E-- Phon* Sey. 3202
BSO Granville Street. Phone Sey. 880
3260 Main Street. Pbone Fair. 1683
1191 Granville St.   Phoae Sey. 6119
On sale on Friday and Saturday, onr
Mild   Cured   Bonolesa   Boll   Bacon.
Reg. 8 lbs. for $1.10.   Friday and
Baturday, 8 lbs. for ....__„.„..90c
On aale Friday    and    Saturday,
Weighing from  4 to  9 lba.    Very
mild.   Per lb  23 l-2c
Nov ia the time to buy spuds. On sale
on    Friday   and   Saturday,    finest
Highland  Spuds,   100-lb.  aaok,  de*
livered,  only   11.38
On sale Saturday morning from 7 to
11    o'clock,    our   apeclal   Alborta
Creemefy Buttor.    Speeial,   3   lbs.
for $1.18
Slater's Finest Alberta Creamery
Butter, nothing better at any
prico.    Our price, 3 lbs $1.35
Have you triod our famoua Cottage
Rolls.-weighliiir from 4 to 7 lbs.!
Reg. asc lh., special, lb...29 1-Jic
Our famoua Sugar Cured Streaky
Bucon, in half or wholo slabs. Ri?g.
40o lb., extra special, lb. ....36 l-2c
LABD       LABD       lABD
On sale on Batunlay morning from
8 to 11 o'clock, the rery finest
of I'nro Lard, special,  lb 20c
Choice Pot Roasts, from, per lb...!0e
Choice   Oven
Roasts    from,
Chnlcfe Rolled RoastB» per lb. 20c
far* doing very little, and according
'to all reports Camp 17 is practically working S hours. So th* attempt to start ths ten-hour dsy
has not been a howling success.
If this could be done in the present state of the organization, whit
could be done lf the loggers eould
only realize ths necessity of getting together. ,.,
Everything possible ls being,
done to build up the Union* and
there is nothing to stop ths loggers from once more making the
boss sit up and take noticee.
Meetings the being held every
1st and 3rd Wednesday of the
month at 8 p.m., and Fellow-
Worker T. Blssett will speak at the
meeting to be held on Thursday,
October 20th. It is not expected
that the loggers can organize in
town, but it Is hoped that some
good, live delegates can be recruited. In addition to this an
organizer is on the road who will
try. to stir up some lifo ln the
j camps. He lias been away a week
now, but nothing has been heard
from him, so presumably hs has
been kept busy.
The matter of cancelling back
dues has been taken up with the
executive, and they have decided
to let the members use their own
discretion. Any man who Is ln
arrears may pay as much or as
little of his back dues as he feels
able to. By this means it Is felt
that many members who* have
been out of work for a considerable tisje will take advantage of
this and get on the firing line
Thq job market, is still showing
signs of improvement and now ls
ths time to build up our organization, and even if we cannot do a
great deal this year, we can make
preparations for the spring drive.
It ls to be hoped that all camps
will get in touch with the office as
soon as possible and let us know
what they are going to do in the
necessary awakening process.
A copy of an agreeemnt entered
into between F. S. Uychara and
ths A. A. Plummer Co.,, at Galley
Bay, B.C., on July 28th, 1921, has
just been received at the offlce of
the Lumber-Workers' Union, and
it ls a startling illustration of ths
great risks the master class will
take in order to provide the slaves,
with a job.
It appears that Uyehara owes
the above-named outfit soms money for which they hold a mortgage on Uyehara's land, timber,,
and equipment. Uyehara can have
the use of hia Donkey for $250.00
a month and interest until $3260.00
Is paid and when all logging is
finished and his debts are paid to:
A, A. Plummer Ltd., the land is
to be divided fififty-flfty.   Uyehara
'Falls Logging Co., as a bucker,
' Thomas Nickelson—Claim No.
81980., Ags 54. Injured May,
1921. Employed >a a planerman
by Lake Lumber Co* at Qualicum
Beach, B. C.
Daniel McDaid — Claim No.
66677. Ags 41. Injured early
1920, while loading ties. Employed by the Northern Construction
Co., near Clinton.
Gordon McBain — Claim No,
64956. Age 19. Injured about a
year ago, while working on railroad construction. Employed by
fl. S. Magogffln - Co* near Hazel
Jamas Clund—Claim No. 65742.
Age 22. Injured over a year ago
while employed as a logger by
Oscar ErickBon, om lino of P. Q.
B.. Hy.     ;
Tod B. Nesbltt — Claim No.
69990. Injured September, 1920,
while employed as a brakeman by
ths International Timber Co., at
Campbell Biver.   Ags 24.
James McNaughton—Claim No.
'65220. Age 68. Injured last year
while employed as a logger by the
Salmon River Lumber Co., Ltd.,
pear Dewey,
Donald Wm. Thorhurn—Claim
No. 69944. Age 38. Injured ln
1920. Employed as a faller by
Whalen Pulp & Paper Co., at
Quatslno, B.* C.
Alfred Wetln—Claim No. 63324.
Age S3. A Flniander. Injured
while employed as a logger by the
Alberni Pacific Lumber Co., near
Port. Alberni.
Michael Salomon—Claim No.
72146, Ags 26, A Russian. Injured last year at Call Creek, while
.employed as a logger by Emil
Nik Schyck or Bhyck—Claim
No. 86429. Age 36. Injured August, 1921. Employed as a logger
by Qapllano Timbber Co,
George Albert Smith—Claim No.
S36S0. Age 19. Injured last June
at .Cobble Hill, Vancouver Island,
while employed as a logger by
Cyrus Dougan. /
. Aubrey White—Claim No. 79684^
Age 23. Injured last March at
Denman Island. Employed aa a
logger by Vogel & Gordon.
Frank Parker—Claim No. 78312.
Age 28. Injured a year ago on
steel gang working for Northern
Construction Co., on P. O. B,
One-Man  Cars       *
Are Public Danger
(Continued from page 1) P   „
stroet car Una, Sines .— —..,.—
skein of steel has been equipped
with those death-defying one-man
,—....      «.** «*.      uuuicu •. u__v,|wun moss aeatn-aeiying one-man
192^ while employed by the Stave J cars, svery trip has become an ad-
Falls   LO-Ttrlnir  Co..   ___■  »   h_l_-_r«r_      I mntmw       ■__••#_•__»  — *.-   i.'*..-   -!.i.i-~
On sale on Friday and Saturday,
Swift's famous Drookfiold Puro
Pork Sausage, put np In 1-lb,
boxes. Monoy back if not Hit-
isfied. Regular 40c lb., special,
»b.  - -   360
No. 1 Government Inspected Shoulders
of Fresh Killed Lamb, from 4 to 8
lbs.    Extra special, lb 161-20
Lamb  Loins,   per  lb.  .
Lamb  Logs,  per lb,  .	
Lamb Stew, 2 lbs. for .
Our famous Pork Shoulders, lb. 22 l-2o
Small  Pork  Roasts,    very    little
bone, weighing from 2 to 8 lbs.
Beg.   80c  lh„   special,  lb 26C
Fresh   Rendered   Beef   Fit,
lbs. for  	
pure,  2
lb. ..
Corned   Beef   Ribs,
Limited quantity.
Finest Canadian Cheese, 2 lbs, for..8Be
Fresh  Alborta  Eggs,  per doscn....BOC
B. O. Fresh Eggs, por dosen..55c, 60c
Ogllrle's Royal Household Flour,
49-lb. aaok, special ..._. |2.60
i venture. People who have ridden
camels in Egypt or broken Mon
chos In Montana; rather llks lt.
"The Crown Hitlers who venture
on this 11ns, acquire ths rolling
gait of ths seafaring man. I once
made the trip. I spent most of the
time sitting on the laps of women
to whom I had never been introduced, Just as oite fat blonde
would bs getting used to me, another jolt of the shimmy car would
take me over to the skinny milliner ln ths corner. Before I oould
fairly explain myself to her, my
arms would be wrapped around the
neck of the pilot, and I would be
begging him to take ms to the
nearest bootlegger that I might end
lt all. The chorus of the anthem
of tho Crown Hillers ls, "We are
rolling, reeling home," and tt ts repeated 85 times or until ths ehautt
feur kicks at the last goal. Tho
chauffeur Is also pilot, conductor,
receiving teller, baggage master,
watchman and chief of ths Information bureau, if he brings back
the car at night, without all ths
paint being scratched off ths hurricane deck, the company pays him
(40 a weok. it would bo a poor
Job for a blind cripple or a one-
armed deaf mute.
'Whenever I am In a desperate
mood, or seek hazardous adventure, I taks a spin on this merry-4
go-round. One gets an Idea of
what lt is to glide to tho bottomless pit in a zinc-lined casket Not
so much of a glide, either,' as a
But though the heavens fall, and
ohildren killed, and the nerves of
the workers, endeavoring to go to
and from work, aro racked, tho B,
C. Electric Railway must have profits, and very evidently the city
and provincial authorities aro willing that thoss profits shall be realized, no matter what the.cost.
The peoplo may, however, have
something to say In ths matter,
and refuse to ride on any car which
docs not provide a measurable degree of safety.
a one-man car.   Ths report read
in part as follows)
Children Killed
"Kingston, Mass., Sept. 27.—Four
school children wero killed yesterday when a trolley pole came off a
car. which was carrying them to
their homes, broke the feed wire
and    caused    their    electrocution
to Da divided Mfty-flfty.   Uyehara J*™ °**r ium.'** °« "' «"> <**■
also-agrees that all men employed' ">« °« waB se' on ,are',""' oth,r
shall sign    th.   following Agret-  ^ ,'*"» escaped serious injury
mmi.-_ I Nino other children wero held
•;We, th. undersigned, being' !" J*6 °?r' w_^n'w" a ""Jr""!1"*
employees of F. S. Uyehara, a- trolley of the Plymouth and Bos on
gre.' not to lien or attach any Strf6t K8"™^ Company, by the
__„.-,■.» I*. _.. ... - ___«___ motorman,     H.   caught   a   flfth
We make ladies' Garments
Sight Here in Vanconver
—the equal In style nd' smart.
ness of any offered ta Oaaada.
■alta Bnew, Cts, 'ete.-tke
MM itylM—tba swuttst »e4els—_.
aU tl. new slMM—cms,-* Uaes
f» year o__oi_s|.
W. .far lta. __r»-Sl> mt Oaa
•ls.wh.1. bec.us. ee desl dlnet—
.llaliiata all th. middlemen's prelts.
Cloak ft Suit Oo.
628 HASTINGS  IT..  New Onavflte
Los Angeles, Cal.—W. I. Fruit,
on trial hero for "criminal syndicalism*" Is ths first person arrested in Los Angeles on this
chargo to act as his own attorney.
Fruit Is basing his defence on tho
constitutional right of free speech.
UNION     OF     CANADA—As    latif-
tri»l union of all workers is log*
glng ud construction cusps. Out Dfi*
trlet ud Oeneral Headquartera 11 Oat*
dors St. W., Vancouver, P. O. Phoae Sty.
7850. J, U. Clarke, general secretary
treasurer; lefal advisers, Messrs. Blre,
Macdonald S) Co., Vancouver, B, 0.1 Mil*
tors,   Messrs.  Buttar ft  Chiene,  Vueoa-
ver. B. O.	
Union   of   British   Columbia—Meeting
ght, flrat and third Wednesday ef eaeh
month it 108   Main   Street.    President,
Dm Carlin; vice-president,  J.   Whiting;
i secreary-trtafiurer, W. Donaldson. Ad*
drees, 101 Main Street, Vucouver, B. O.
I Victoria Branch Agent's address, W
Wat-oli, 687 Johnson St.; Victoria, B^C,
Vancouver Unions
, COUNCIL—President, B. W. Hatley;
secretary, J. 0. Smith. Meets Srd Wed*
nesday oach mouth in tbe Pender Hall,
eorner of Pender and Howe streeta.
Phono  Sey.  291.
oil—Meets    seeond    Monday    In    the
nionth.    President,  J.  R. White;  seeretsry, B. H. Neelanda, P. O, Box 80.
need bricklayer* or masons, for boiler
Tories,   etc,   or   marble  letters,   phone
Bricklayers'  Cnlon, Labor Temple.
logs put In by us from lot 1474
or adjoining timber, and agree
that A. A. Plummer Co. Ltd. Is
not to be held responsible for
wagee, and that A. A. Plummer
Co. Ltd. be paid first out of each
boom as follows:  Stumpage  80
per cent, to 40 per cent, of gross
price, commission of 4 per cent
for  selling,   |250.00   per   month
on Donkey Engine, also cash for
anything    supplied    from    this
date.      Engineers' wages to be
be paid-from, Aug. 1st, 1921."
This agreement  was   signed   by
the Japs working In the camp, but
the white men refused.   As far as
can be learned no wages have boen
paid and the Plummer outfit took
good care that thoro was not much
timber left on hand,, as the timber was towed away with a gas
boat as soon as it was produced.
At the present time the hook-tender has got a lien on what logs
are on hand, and the poor boob.*.
who  signed   away  their   right  to
Hen  will  have to  tako  a  chance
on what ls left of the wreckage.
After hearing so much about
the reward that should go to the
Capitalist class for the risk lt
takes, a revelation like this is refreshing. This gang of capitalists
apparently took no risk at all.
They had a sure thing. They didn't
even have to worry about running
the business. They had a slave
masquerading undor the name of
an employer, doing it for them.
This Is a good Illustration of the
usefulness of the Capitalist class
as a whole. Industry has advanced to the stage where the only
function the Capitalist performs
Is one of collecting dividends.
Drs. Dumas and
Laura Flynn
X-liay and Electro.
It Hastings Stroot East
Phone Ser, BULL
Th. Workmen'. Compennatloii
Board ofteen flnd. it difficult to
locat. worker, who ar. entitled to
of check, ar. now waiting claimants, and the Board ls desirous o(, 'i-anic-siiicKen, many of the
Jiaving the addresses of th. follow* passengers were struggling to get
ing worker, who  art, nntltlAit  ,n\ ....   _~* -—- - -    ■
, r~ —- —.-...-p passengers were struggling to get
ing worker, who are entitled to out, but found themselves locked
compensation and whose   check. in by failure of the 'safety1 devices
are  WftHn-   fn.   thnm>  •   ■■
are watlng for them:—■
It. S. Hartlln—Claim No. 79896.
Ag. 30; boom man. Injured April
2nd, 1931. Employed by Cargill _
Co., at Broughton Island.
Emil KouppI—Flniander. Claim
No. 67623. Ag. 36. Injured July
23rd, 1920, working for th. Massett Timber Co., bucking log. at
Buckley Bay.
Oeorge Kearney — Claim No.
71SS86. Age 19. Injured October
1920, on th. barking machine of
th. Whalen Pulp & Paper Co., at
Fort Alice,
Frank Oray—Claim No. 71429.
Ag. 19. Injured last October, at
Quatslno Sound, whil. employed
by John A. Whalen, aa a chokerman.
Patrick Flynn—Claim No. 70999.
Age 46. Injured October, 1920,
while employed by Bernard Tlm
ber & Logging Co., at Orford Bay,
as a logger or broad axe man.
Wm. Campbell — Claim No.
7702S. Age 69. Injured February, 1921, while employed by
James Logging Co,, at Mission, as
a logger or wood bucker.
Charles Anderson—Claim No.
11816.   Ag. 10,   Injured May 33,,
 —r ""-"■■ ""        MeUglll        O,       1(1.11
youngster as he tried to leap out.
"Tho accident occcurred as the
car approached a bridge. The
trolley pole slipped off the wire and
broke the food line-carrying thousands of volts. One end of the wire
fell on the roof of the car, setting
It afire. The other end fell to the
bridge, charging the rans.
"The children screamed and rushed for tho door. The motorman
tried to hold them back, but four
jumped out. They came in contact with the rails and wore electrocuted. The clothes were burned
from their bodies.
"A flfth child had got to the door
when'the motorman seized him and
barred the way, keeping the reat of
hit* passengers within the car until
the current was turned off."
Street railway men claim that -it
is impossible to keep up anything
like a decent service with the one-
man cars. Those who by force of
circumstances, are compelled to
use the street cars in Vancouver,
and havo developed the strap-hangers glide in doing so, will no doubt
view with alarm any suggestion
that will make tbelr dally trips
more Irksome, and the added risk
of travel will no doubt add to their
dally .worries, especially when the
following records of accidents on
the eone-man cars are generally
Moro Dead
'Five dead and more than a
score Injured was the toll of an
other safety car accident last
night."—Clipping from the Kansas
City Times of Doc. 13.
In reporting the accident, the
Times says that the car was loaded
with theatre and church-goers.
The report states that "the car
plunged into a curve, loft the
tracks, and smashed Itself to pieces
against a steel trolley pole. The
ear was literally torn to pieces with
Its load of humanity trapped inside.
"Tho utter demolition of the
small car was alinoat inexplicable.
The parts were widely scattered,
the wreckage was flat. There was
not a piece or section left ln
standing position.
''Panic-stricken,   many   of   the
SERVICE mea meeti leeond snd
fourth Wbdnwdftys of cioh month, tt 01
Cordovs St W., et 8 p-m. Jw. 1. •wham,
Secre tary-TroMoror.
O. ,B. U.—Preaident, H. Grand; aeoretary, 0. O. Miller. Heeta Snd and 4th
Wednesday ln eaeh month In Fender Hall,
corher of Fonder and How* Streeta.
Phone  Seymonr 291.
neora, Load 040—International Union
of Steam aad Operating Engineers meeta
overy 2pd and 4th Friday at 0 p.m., 319
Fended Stroot Weat. G. Riley, 2684
Mahon Avenuo, North Vancourer; acore*
tary, F. Bradley, 1762 MeSpadden Stroet,
Vancouver, B. 'O.'
Association,    u
hall,   152   Oordov.
and third   Fridays,
treaaurer, T.   "'
Local   88-62—Offlce and
ov*   St.   W.    MeeU  flrat
.-aya,   8   p.m.    Secretary-
Nkon; bualneaa agent, P.
era' Union—Moota 2nd and 4th Mondays. Preaident, J. E. Dawson, 1045 Ye*
St-, Kltallano; secretary, E, T. Kelly,
lBOO Hastings St. E.; recording secretary,
L. Holdsworth, 539—14th St, W., North
.._mw|    »v,     1-iiihvm    ai..,     ? ICH^ia,    MA*_U.
—Adllatod wilh Tradea and Labor Coo*
ell and Theatrical Federation,- Vaaeouvor.
President, J. R. Foster; secretary aal
treuurer, Looksley Clark, P. O. Box 840.
Offlco ud mooting room, 810 Londos
Building,'Fonder St. W. Regular meeting night, int Snnday in eaeh month et
7:30 p.ra. Business Agent, W. Wool-
ridge. Phone Fraser 23 7L,
. »tora and Paperhangera' of America,
Loeal 188, Vanconver—Meeta 2nd and
4th Thursdaya at 141 Cordova St. W.
Phone Sey, 3491. Bulneia agent, R. A.
Barltor, *-_WL\\\__mwm
aays Dr. Chaa. Mayo, U. D., Is tha
bost thing that has earn lata tto
lite at tho present.
en Bridgemen, Dorrickmen and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meits every
Monday, 0 p.m., ln O. S. U. Hall, 804
.Pender St,  W.    President,   W,   Tucker;
finanoial aeeretary and business agent, 0,
'Anderson. Phono Beymour 291.
New Westminster, meeta every Int and
third Friday In the Labor Templo, -Royal
Avonuo nnd 7th Street. Englneera supplied. Address Secretary, 1040 Hamilton Street, New Westminster, B. 0.
Phono 603 Y.
Employeea,   Pioneer Division,  No-  101
—Meeta A. O. F. Hall,  Mount Pleasant
Iat and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and I
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko
Drive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
447—6th Avenue East;   treasurer, E.  8.
Cleveland;   financial-secretary   and   but*
nesa agent,  W.  H.  Cottrell,  4308  Dum-
frlea Street; oflico comer Prior and Main
Ste.   Phono Fnir 8804R. ________
Meets last Snnday of eaeh month at
3 p.m. President, 0. H. Collier; vico-
presldent, E. H. Gough; eeentary.
treaaurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 00,
B. 0., meals overy Tuesday evening
at 8 p.m. In the O. B. U. Hall, 804 Pen
dor St. W. Secrotary, E. Horiburgh, Poador Hall
of the O. B. U. meets oa ao third
Wedneaday el evory month.    Everybody
Provincial Unions
end Labor Council—Mints in, aa.
third Wedneedeje, £_lg.u el FrtlUu
Belt, Horn Perk Street, et • em. Freel-
dent, O. Site-Is; Tlee-presldenL B. II-
llott; secretarrt-SU-rer, B. S. Wood-
w»rd, P. O. Boi 30_, Ylclorl_. B, O.
_____ ^PPEBT, B. O.
Counoll, O.  B.  U.    Brenohes: Prlnee
Ruport District Fisheries Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferous    Miners'    District Bonrd,
O.B.U.     Secreftry-tressurer, i P. O.   Bel
217, Prince Rupert.
IB Our,, tt rii.nil ts.leeinej
SAL, MM tuaaart auk
rheaeei   Bey.OOOJUte. HM*
W. ton l.uir at—I n.m
(Iw. U-uud tn kaain.  M>
Ian') troth rf new -nlpmut W
•ar almdr utnsln ilaat Chiet
uaoifit th... in th. Alp-M In
Urn, ud Ibe __r»_ufw Ua,
thtt.    Introdneln,     tto    ULTBi
viourr ur t. w tn.ut.a_,
Dr. hat. O. Da nadir. Main ee-
thapadls s«r,eoa Cri-Wata HMft
tal sat.: "Tk. Use, liberate,
o-on. whieh a. tot, -UT ■>
•orh. Tto hu»|l.bla .b_erW tto.
aim Tielel nn Iml, ia .-____>
In. it. Cert-en lletljt I. broke.
down Hi the oi,,.a Matnt et
lh. hemotlobja la laetHMi.   TU,
._■ _«_us_-iy_ up ino-BMen.     is.
i-riieatlM at tto hltei lapnn.
henlth." H. furthtt eUtes n
'P.in la l-_.r_l I.
health."    H. furthu   .tatt.   ..
rbeaiantie.: "P.in la i.n.ral I.
relie.ed. Thla _t a»,eti,lty aatittt
In rheumatism..a-_ritl_, (oiil aai
a-uel. lnjnrise, .la"
Bar_t_tcr_, SollcHan, XoUriw
,     Talaphon. S.T. MU
Bum Block, 11 naMtaan tt. W.
Vanconver, B. Ol
Guaranteed Coal
If onr coal U not ntt*
'factory to yon, after yon
haro thoroughly triod it
out, we will rem ore what
eoal ii left and charge yon
nothing for what yon hare
Ton to be the tole judge.
Kirk & Co.
•29 Main Street
•fbonu Seymour 1U1 aad Ml
.   What   about
your   noUCbboro
to work. A^^^^M^HM
Hare la anotbtr one—Sioux City,
Ipwa: We have now experienced
one-man cars on one lino, sinco
Oct. 1, and on another for about
ono month longor. The record has
been three people killed and nine
Injured—aome badly. It will cost
the company at least $25,000 for
the damage and the patrons are
much wrought up about It. Hundreds walk' down town mornings
rather than risk riding on tho one<
man Blrnoy cars.
Numerous other Instances of the
danger of this form of transportation can be found in the records of
tho cltlei'which have allowed their
traction companies to operate the
onp-man car. Tho above are, however, sufficient to demonstrate that
the dangor is a considerable one,
and that tho Innovation ls not one
to be desired In Vancouver or any
other place In British Columbia.
Just bow theso contraptions
atrlke the pooplo who havo had to
uae thom, Is very well summed up
by Eugene Brown, writing in the
Los Angeles Times, he says:
"The merry-go-round la the common or garbage namo for tho An-
The Moderation League's
attitude on the public demand for
'T'HE Moderation League has been asked to endorse several
•■■ petitions which are at present being circulated asking for
the sale of beer by the glass.
The consensus of opinion of the League, taken from its organizations throughout the provincef has been and is in favor
of the sale of beer by the glass under reasonable restrictions
as being conducive -• moderation. Prior to the passage of
the present Act the League forwarded to the Legislature a
resolution asking:
"That the commission be given power tb pro-
ride for the serving of beer by the glass dor-,
ing limited hours in approved establishments
where meals are served. Such privilege to
be subject to cancellation in aay locality at
the discretion of the commission. No beer
to be sold over a bar." ^
Since the passage of the Act public opinion has strongly substantiated the League's resolution, and it has been suggested
that the League should urge the matter on the members of
the Legislature at the coming session.
This the executive of the League is prepared to do. It invites the co-operation of all in favor of a moderate law and
holds itself ready to assist in the presentation to the Govern-   ,
ment of petitions and the resolutions of organizations which
have the above object in view.
All communications should be addressed to the Secretary
Canada Life Building, Vancouver
Chairman Oeneral Seoretary PAGE POUR
»W«tawrirt j^foo. <o   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopveb, b. a
FRIDAY Octoner 14. 19-1'
Here's the
Weather for
And here are
the Coats—
pENUINE English and •
" Scottish Tweeds, heavily rubberized; perfect
rainy weather coats and
with the genuine warmth
of the wool—a perfect
coat for this winter climate. Handsome patterns
and mixtures, made in
loose belter as shown in
the sketch. Values up to
Better quality rubberized
tweeds, heavy and light
weights, in heather mixtures,
smart plaids and solid colors,
convertible collars; Slip-ons,
Belters, Chesterfields—
From $15
to $18
'Your moneys worth or your money back
Concrete Issues
Are Raised by China
(Continued from pago 1)
that we are about to reach an understanding with China—through
the Peking and Tokio governments, assisted by thee British and
American governments. As the
Chinese now feel that the British
are Quite as.hostile as tho Japanese, they smile at the reports that
London will be their ally here.
Word comes from In*!!*, that the
Mahatma Ghandi, giving the word
for a nation-wide refusal by faithful Mussulmans and Hindus to
■erve in the British army, has imperilled tbe authority of the British crown over hundreds of thousands of Mussulman.soldiers. This
Indicates a new danger for the
Washington conference. It is possible that before the conferees begin their work here the British
empire in the east will be aflre
with revolt, and Britain will again
bo arming and seeking the aid of
Japan in crushing out the movoment. If Japan sends an army to
India .she  will  loso  her   grip   on
Siberia and Korea, and the world
may summon Its sense of humor
to understand the meaning of the
Conferenco to Discuss Limitation
of Armaments.
At this moment China is declaring by her attitudo what Russia
has declared in a formal note—
that the Washington conference Is
without authority to determine
anything for the peoples of continental Asia, and that Its pronouncements will' have only tho
force which guns can give them.
' Seattle.—Many street work contractors here are being haled Into
court for paying laborers under
the city scale of 14.50. A city ordinance demands that all contractors on city work pay at least the
minimum. One contractor was
fined $400 and sentenced to 30
days in jail for paying his laborers
$3.50 a day.
Riga.—The rumors over disorder In Petrogad are malicious inventions, as well aa the report of
tho alleged murder of an English
sailor in Petrogad and that English ships left the harbor on this
Why the Frisco
Workers Rose in Revolt
(Continued from page 1)
Friday, October 28th
Under the Auspices of the Relief Committee for Famine-
Stricken Russia
Concert Programme, 8 to 10
Dance, 10 to 12
General Admission, 25 Cents
Socialist Party of
Federal Election Campaign Meeting
Next Sunday Night
Speaker, J. HARRINGTON, Socialist Candidate
.  "■> Burrard Division.
Of Tremendous Importance to AU
ments with the union officials to
maintain union conditions.
Up to this time, the union membership had ln no instance been
consulted. The situation waa confused, with the "American plan"
obviously making progress in labor's stronghold. At length a proposition came from the Chamber
of Commerce—out ot secret "nego
nations with several of the Inter
national officers of tho building
trades unions—for the men to go
back to work under the "open
shop." This proposition was put
to a referendum vote of the unions
and overwhelmingly voted down.
Disgusted with the apparent attempt to get them to sacrifice all
the achievements of 20 years, and
kept in the dark as to the actual
situation, the membership of the
unions launched the movement to
tako the situation into their own
hands. A smaU committee was
formed for that purpose in one of
the carpenters' locals. A day was
set for a general meeting,' and all
the building trades unlona Invited
to send delegates.
Organize Rank and Fllo
On the day of the meeting, over
30 of the 66 unions ln the Build
ing Trades Council were repre
scnted. An official of the Building
Trados Council told newspaper reporters who came to the building
Trades Temple that "half a dozen
radicals and agitators" had appeared for the meeting, but had been
thrown out of the building by the
"regulars." Meanwhile, the meeting, with from 300 to 400 building
mechanics present, was being organized ln the Temple auditorium.
The new body was organized under the name of the Building
Trades Union. It immediately began a campaign to get in representatives of all tho remaining building trades unions, of the miscellaneous crafts affiliated with the
bodies in the Hay district. It an'
nounced itB intention of calling r
general strike of all Bay district
labor to meet the organized and
solidified attack of the employers.
'The building trades now. You
next," was the message lt aent to
tho other labor bodies.
Thero was an immediate response. Some 16 unions of the
miscellaneous crafts sent delegates.
With these and the delegates from
tho building trades unions, the1
Rank and File Federation of Workers, led by the progressive group
that for yearB had been combatting reaction and personal politics
in the locat labor movement, was
formed.   It now Includes 86 unions.
The propaganda for the general
strike was pushed, but lt soon becamo obvious that the obstacles in
the way of actually taking such a
step were too great.
Tho Building Trades Council was
forced to give its support to the
movoment, but the Labor Council
bellowed protests and threats. Labor Council locals affiliating with
the new movement wero threaten
ed with revocation of their charters, excommunication, and what
not.    None of them withdrew.
The Rank and File Federation
of Workers, however, lives on and
thrives—with Its eye on the day
when lt will be strong enough to
give general battlo to the employers,
(To be continued)
Cut out the above, fill in the amount you are willing to
giro to the defense of The Federatlonist! and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist,
Ltd., 342 Fender Street West, Vanoouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defenie of the paper is to be
made, i
Previously acknowledged, $49,
C. Morley  $ 6.00
C. V. Semerad..-     1.00
Wm. Fleming — ..u^    .60
V,  J.  McNey.  ~    6.00
Broadview Local F. L. P.
A Worker ...—..
A Friend 	
A. C. Cameron .
A. C. Wells _..
T. Scott 	
A. J. Lipschltz  J.00
OU Refinery Workera Union,
loco, B. C ~  35.00
Lover of Justice .  6.26
W. Burns   6.00
Swamper    „'. . 1.00
Mr. Simpson ..;  6.00
R. Gooding «™ 1.60
W. Campbell  1.00
Total to dato. $126.25
Dr. Curry's offer is being taken
up. This ls what he says: Laat
wefk I offered to hand over to The
Federationist defense fund 20 per
oent of all receipts for plate work
taken as the result of this offer. I
am pleased to say that financial results are already coming in.
If you need any kind of plate-
work in accordance with the most
approved methods, you can now se
cure the same at pre-war cost, and
at tho same time help The Fedorationist flght its battles for free
Remember, the Federationist is
fighting your battles. It is the one
paper published here which deals
scientifically and fearlessly with
unemployment and other great social economio problems of the day.
. It you are interested In this, and
want to help The Federationist,
call at my offlce, S01 Dominion
building, or ring up Bey. 2364 tor
an appointment.
O. B. IL Convention
Does Much Work
(Continued from page 1)
cil. The clause was amended to
"A member holding offlce on the
G.E.B. must at all times maintain
his credentials both from his own
local unit to Central Labor CouncU
or District Board, and from the
Central Labor Council or District
Board to the convention. Any local
unit withdrawing the credentials of
an Executive Board member from
the local Central Labor CouncU or
District Board shall notify them of
their action, and Central Labor
Council or District Board shall Immediately make a full investigation
for the beneflt of the membership."
The method of election was dealt
with also, thus:
"When vacancies occur on the
G.E.B. lt shall bo the duty of the
G.E.B. to fill said vacancies. The
G.E.B. shall, when possible, request
the C.L.C.. District Board or unit
from which the previous member
was elected to fill the vacancy."
The officers' reports were read
and discussed; numerous questions,
both in committee and in convention were asked and answered. The
policy followed during the last year
was approved, and the Incoming
G.E.B. was recommended to follow
along tho same lines,
A letter from the Canadian
Workers Defence League was read,
asking for financial assistance for
the defence of three workers in Toronto, whb were arrested last May
Day on a charge of seditious Ubel,
The leaflet on which the charge
was laid was read for the guidance
of the delegates.
A committee was elected to investigate tho Defense League, as
many delegates spoke unfavorably
of it. s  .
This committee reported on the
last day of the convention'and recommended the formation of a new
Defense League.
The committee held that too
great a percentage of tho present
league's income went for office expenses and Instructed the secretary
to writo the O.B.U. units pointing
this out, with the object ln view
of protecting the membership.
Comrade  Knight,   who   has  re
cently returned from Moscow,
where he attended the Red Trades
Union International, reported on
his activities there and explained
the R.T.U.I., its structure and objects., Ho was in favor of affiliation. His address was perhaps the
most interesting part of the proceedings. A considerable number
of questions were asked by tho
delegates, which were answered by
Delegate Knight,
The committee which was to report on various resolutions calling
for affiliation, reported to the effect that so much confusion existed
in tho minds of the workers as to
the real nature of the R.T.U.I. that
a campaign of education should be
conducted before it was possible
to get an Intelligent vote on the
The recommendation of the committee was adopted by the convention and a campaign as outlined,
will be started in tho near future.
Several delegates openly ox-
pressed their hostility to affiliation,
basing their arguments on tho assumption that affiliation would
hamper further organization work.
This question will, of necessity,
have to be discussed by the rank
and file of labor, and must bo Bottled by the workers themselves.
The final work of the convention
was to elect the new General Executive Board. The following were
J. Stevenson, Prince Rupert,   /
A. Broateh, Calgary.
J. Lakeman, Edmonton.
T. B. Roberts, Sandon.
W. Hammond, Winnipeg.
J. Clancy, Winnipeg.
E. E. Sykes, Thunder Bay.
J. Knight, Toronto.
Delegates Knight, Lakeman and
Broateh having declined, Delegates
Stevenson, Roberts, Hammond,
Clancy, Sykes were elected.
After the convention, the new
G. E. B. members met and elected
J. Stevenson, of Frince Rupert,
chairman ot the board.
Calgary was chosen as the seat
of the next convention, which will
be held ln August, 1922. Edmonton was also nominated, but lost in
the voto.
In concluding, the writer may
say that taking into consideration
the bad Industrial conditions which
have prevailed during the paat 12
months, the convention was a sue-
To   tlio  Importance  of • 'Correct  Logger  Boot  You   Must
Investigate the Boot Tlmt Wo An Making
$15—10-Inch Top—Made to Your Measure
Send Yon .Repairs by Mall
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
8S7 CARRALL STItEET—Just a Step from Hastings
All O. B. tl. Help Phono Sey. 8217
I . I I I I I I I I e ei e ie e I I I e e ei e . ininiii i.n.niii..i..,|i _ immn. e .". . ■ .
Ono dollar and nrty centa Is the
cost (or a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination Leaguo.
MONDAY—Pile Drivers.
TUESDAY—Workers' Council.
WEDNESDAY—Trades and Labor Council.
THURSDAY-Plasterers' Helper*
SATUI-DAY-Danee, 9 to 12.
^•*>a»a<.a~*-t*—»S"aaa«ai<s a ***** 4*9 '«iH"«"<..>.f.»..ti.»..>..<.,t„t,.i..t„|,_l,i„|.>.itiit..|i,».ti.>llt,_|i
Frisco O. B. U. Members
Arrested as Vags But
Are Released
(By Maurice M. MIchelson.)
San Francisco, Cal.—Six "Reds"
answered the "roll call" at the
police court on Tuesday, Oct. 4th,
on a charge of vagrancy. Friday
evening after a meeting of the
O. B. U. soven plain clothes men
and about the name number of
harness bulls" raided the local,
located at 805 Howard Street,
where they found Albert Thon,-
Secrotary and Or&unizeer of the
Ono Big Union; \Toneph Knight,
"Tom" Cassity, James Sinclair,
Maurltas Larseh and Edward Ray.
They all pleaded not guilty when
brought    before    Judge    Llle    T.
JacltS. -—neem^—msa^mmm.
Detective William O'Brien, who
had charge of the raid, took the
Btand and testified that these men
belonged to the notorious I. W. W.
and vjpe arrested by the help of
hia m* In the I. W. W. Headquarters. Continuing his remarks,
the witness Btated that the prisoners were agitators and that they
wrere preaching a propaganda to
the unemployed which would cause
those out of work to overthrow
the government    of    tho    United
"Did you oay," Interrupted
Thomas Cassity to the witness,
"that tho hall you and your men
raided was the headquarters of the
I. W. W.T"
#"Oh, no," replied O'Brien, "I
just remarked that mombers.of the
I, W, W. and 'bums' hung out
there. Why, your Honor, look at
tho literaturo that we carried
away with us. It Is poison, that's
what I call it."
Joseph Knight waa called to the
stand. "What have you to aay
about-this charge that is laid a-
gainst you?" asked tlie Judge.
'Not guilty," replied "Joe," who
wasted no timo in warming up for
a apeech, but who was interrupted
by the Court who asked If he was
working. "Tes," came thee reply,
and the Court dismissed him.
'Albort Thorn, what have you
to say?" but Comrado Thorn waa
unable to proceed, as O'Brien again
had the floor,
"Y6ur Honor," atated the witness, "we are out to suppress the
I. W. W., and I am sure that the
Judgo does not know what theBe
men are. Why, your Honor, they
are dangerous to a 'clean city' such
as San Francisco, and they are getting a foot hold in other, cities,
and the Chief ls trying to suppress
them here."
"As far as I can see," Bnid the
Judge, sumlng up the case, "these
men have proven to me that they
are working, and they have an
idea of their own as to which way
they wish to organize."
"These men do not belong to an
organization that the wltnesa here
so testified, but belong to an organization that wishes to bring all
unions under one head, as X understand the case. I flnd these men
not guilty."
"Next caae," commanded the
Judge, and the six comrades walk
ede out of the court roonVwith a
smile on their faces.
cess. Had conditions been better,
more delegates would have been
present, but at that those who wore
present attended strictly to business and got through a mass of
work with efficiency and dispatch.
This, of course, was possible os we
did not havo to*Hsten to any long-
winded speeches from notorious enemies of our class, as happened at
an alleged Labor convention held
here but a few weeks ago.
The dolegates left the convention
more firmly convinced than ever,
that the only hope .of the worlfers
on the industrial field lies in the
One Big Union. t. M.
300 Pairs of Travellers' Samples, values to
$12.00, on sale, while
they last	
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
Big  Rally Planned for
Monday at flew
R, P. Pettipiece, F. L. P. candidate for New Westminster, will
opon his campaign in St, George's
Hall on Monday night. He will
have the assistance of Som Guthrie,
M. L. A., and Mrs. J. S. Woods-
Tho opening meeting will be on
the lines of an organization rally.
A large committee is already at
work and every effort is to be made
to elect the labor candidate.
Aa an instance of the Interest
aroused among the workers lt Is
only necessary to stato that the
street railway mon have voted J100
to the campaign funds, while the
Trades Council..and many unlona
have made contributions and endorsed the candidature of the nominee of the F. L. P.
Dunce Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night in the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe streets
Good music, a fine floor and every
accommodation. Admission, 'gents
SOc, ladies 25c.
London—ViBcount Birkenhead,
lord chancellor, has ordered tho release from Brixton prison of the
councillors of the Borough of Poplar, whose recent arrest grew out
of the rofusal to comply with certain law provisions of the London
county council.
48   OORDOVA    ST.   E,
Juit Off Oarrall Stroet
Comfortable and Olean Accommodation
for Working People.   Hot and Oold
Water in Every Room
Ratei Reasonable     Phona Sey. 117SO
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Comfortable and Modern
Prices Reasonable
Seymonr ItBI-O
Patronise Fed Advertiser!.
H. Walton
Specialist   In   Electrical   Treatment*,
Violet -Ray and High  Frequency for
Rheumatism,  Sciatica, Lumbago, Par*
•lysis, Hair  and   Scalp   Treatment!,
Chronic Allmenti.   -
Phone Seymonr 2041
198 Hastings Street Weat
Dental Plates
a Specialty
Orewai, Bridge, Md FlUing, nude
tb, urn. _b.de u your __tu-_l
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dentil Art Establishment i
Ot/O Ccrnor Kobson
Over Owl Bruit store.   Sey. 5238
Socialist Party of Canada Candidates
for B. C. Constituencies
Burrard - J. D. Harrington
Centre - T. O'Connor
South - - J. Kavanagh
Contributions to Campaign Fund urgently needed.  Forward
same to E. McLEOD, 401 Pender St. E., Vancouver, B. C.   .


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