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British Columbia Federationist Jun 5, 1925

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General Elections Held in New
South Walea Last Saturday.
Mr. J. Carlton Succeeds Former
Premier Dooley As Labor
f[ ABOR waa victorious in the New,
South Wales election last Saturday and it will probably have a small
majority over all the other parties.
Thus far in the returns the labor
group haa gained six seats. The re-'
.suits thus far show the return of the
parties as fallows; Labor 43: natlon-
alists,13l; progressives, 8; Independent, 2: 'doubtful, 6. The legislative
assembly consists of ninety members
from twenty-four, districts. .
All the members of Sir Qeorge Pul-
. ler's -national  cabinet were returned
apd Miss Proston Stanley appears to*
be  the  flrst  woman 'elected  to   the
legislature of New South JVales.
New South Wales had a labdr government with. J1. Dooley at its head
P-lor to the general election of March
1924, when the labor party was defeated: at the'polls by a coalition of
nationalists and .progressive's, headed
by the nationalist- leader, Sir deorge
Fuller. The labor government resigned early„in Apjjl last and Sir Qeorge
Fuller became premier, with Wlalter
E. Wearne,. head of thl progressive
branch of the 'coalition, as deputy
leader. The present tabor loader in
Jtew South Wales, J. Carlton, succeeds
former Premier Dooloy, who resigned
owing to ill health. '
New Scheme Established on
Contributory and Compulsory Basis.'
Being Ruined By "Insane Com-
petition," Says Sir Fred-
eriok Mills.
Remedy Not the Trust, But Reorganization Under National
[Glasgow Forward]
pHCKNTLY Mr. Baldwin met a
deputation from the A. E. U., and
according to tho official report, Indicated, that the government fully "appreciated the severity of unemployment ln the engineering trade, and
would lose no opportunity of forwarding any practicable plan that seemed
likoly to load to Ub alleviation."
Under those circumstances we
might direct Mr. Baldwin's attention
to a remarkable speech delivered to
the annual meoting of the Iron and
<• Steel Institute on 7th May, by its
president, Sir Fredortck Mills, who is
also tho chairman of one of the biggest iron and stoel companies in the
Sir Frederick told the Iron and
Steol institute lhat it was all nonsense
to talk nowadays nboul tho benefits of
competition and that tho time had
come to realise tha. lho groat hope
of saving tho iron nnd steol industry
'      which gavo direct employment to 300,-
000 persons and indirectly to another
1,000,000 in tho shipbuilding nnd engineering trades, was lho merging of
all tho Iron and steel compnnies in the
country into one big trust. Here is
Sir Frederick's statement:
"It will be of benefit if our pro-
' prletors cnn nmnlgamnte their interests, and arrange for the segregation
of orders and concentrate them into
those areas and thoso works most
suitablo Cor their production; our
prosont practico—lho survival of former years—whereby a great variety
of shapos Is rolled In tho same works
is wasteful; specialization is the order
of tho day—we must adopt it.
i "Can wo  not, go even further.    Ts
it beyond the wit of those who control
our hundred and one iron and steel
works to deviso means for the physical amalgamation of those plants
which are geographically suited for
the purpose ? The public may be
afraid of a trust—they need not he;
thero are real trusts all around them,
unobsorvnble, or at least unremarked.
But, apart from that, should such
grouping result in grenter efficiency,
1 venture to suggest grouping, combined with prosperity nnd progress,
is of greater use to a country than
insane competition and stagnation."
This is a frank confession that the
innofflciency of tbe iron and steel industry in face of intensified International competition can only be met by
the entire reorganization of th'e iron
nnd steel and engineering industries
i nnd the wiping out of tho competition
between indlvldunl firms.
Sir Froderick is demanding the unification of the heavy Industries of thc
country (under private ownership, of
course) and -tho elimination of the
wnste of competing capitalism.
"The   public,"   snys   Sir   Frederick
■*' naively,  "mny he nfrnid  of n trust."
Exactly.    Sir Froderick is out for a
big Iron nnd steel trust, which would
wipe out competition, and  with  in-
Terms of Widows', Orphans' and
Old-Age Contributing
Pensions Bill,
Intereat has been expressed In Canada in the terms of the Widows, Orphans and Old Age Contributory Pensions bill recently Introduced ln the
British parliament by Mr. Winston
Churchill to extend the existing social services provided for the working
population by adding to the present
schemes of health insurance, unemployment insurance, and workmen's
compensation, a scheme of:
(a; Pensions for widows and dependent children, and
(b) Old-age pensions starting at the
age of 65 instead of. 70, and passing
on the attainment of the age of 70,
into pensions under the Old Age Pensions acts, freed from the restrictions
and disqualifications at present ap
plied to such pensions.
The bill establishes the new scheme
on a contributory and compulsory
basis, interlocked with the present
scheme of health Insurance. The beneficiaries are the survivors of members
of the working population insured
under that soheme In Great Britain,
who now number approximately fifteen million persons.
All members of the community who.
at some time In their lives pass
through a substantial period of Insurable employment (not less than
two years) will have an opportunity
of taking advantage of the scheme.
The voluntary contributor, like 'the
employed contributor, must be Insured
both, for health Insurance and for
The Benefits
The sums payable In the three
classes of pensions provided for by
the bill are:
Widows' Pensions (beginning on
January 4th, 1926): Ten shillings a
week for the widow of an insured
man who dies after the date of the
commencement of the scheme and
WaB under 70 years of age at the date
with an additional allowance for children up to the age of 14 at the rates
of five shillings a week for the eldest
child, three shillings a week for each
of the other children.
Orphans* Pensions beginning on
January 4th, 1926): Seven shillings
sixpence a week for the eldest child,
and six shillings a week for each of
the younger children—up to the age
of 14 in each case—of an insred man,
being ti married man or a widower,
or of an insured widow.
Old Age Pensions (beginning 'on
January 2nd, 1926): Ten shillings a
week to insured men and Insured
women between the ages of 65 and
70, and ten shillings a week to the
wives between the ages of 65 and 70
of insured men who aro themselves
entitled to pensions.
Woodsworth and Stirling to Contest Winnipeg Federal Constituencies.
At a convention of tho Centre Winnipeg, Bi'ooklnnds and St. James
members of tbo Independent Labor
party in the Woat End labor ball on
Thursday evening, candidates wore
selected to contest the North Centre
aud South Centre Winnipeg seats in
the noxt federal election. For North
Contre thore was only ono nnme mentioned, the nomination going unanimously to J. S. WondBWorth, M. P.
For South Centre five names were
prpposod: Aid. James Simpkin, R. B.
Stirling, Mrs. Iteed, V. B. Anderson,
and S. J. Farmer. The two last mentioned declined to stand, and on a ballot being taken on the othof'threc, R,
B. Stirling received a majority and
wns declared the candidate The election committee will immediately
proceed to organize.
Canadian Corporation to Recognize
Calles' strong arm government in
Mexico Is cutting both ways so far as
it affects the labor movement. He
has denied the right of railway workers to strike but bas balanced this
action by ordering the Canadian-
owned corporation operating the
street car lines to recognize the
A starving man has a nntural right
to his neighbor's bread.—Cardinal
creased efficiency and massed production, exploit tho nation for the benefit of ils shareholders.
We aro much obliged to Sir Frederick for liis testimony to tlie fact
that "insane competition" is ruining
British industry, lint suggest thnt tbe
romedy is not tho handing over of
iron, steel, and engineering industry
of Great Britain to a huge trust, but
its reorganization under national ownership.
A New Instrument of Progress
AFTER seventeen years'of valuable service to the labor movement, The B. 0. Federa-
■"■ tionist with the nest issue beoomes a bigger and better paper, and as THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE will enter a sphere of greater usefulness to the
farmer and labor movements.
The new paper will be an innovation in Canadian labor journalism, in that it will
feature farmer and labor news, rather than long articles. It will emphasise what the
farmer-labor movement is doing rather than what it intends to do.
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE will not be the official organ of
any special wing of the farmer or labor movement, but will attempt to serve the needs
of our movement as a whole without factional bias.
That there is a need for such a paper has been repeatedly stated. The advisory
board issuing THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE is a further proof of this
fact, inasmuch as its members hold many divergent views as to tactics and policies, but
they are unanimously agreed that the farmer and labor movement of British Columbia
can only build up a strong press by united effort. j ...jjj
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE is the lirst step towards remedying the present moribund state of the labor press of this oity.
We will let the contents of the forthcoming paper speak for itself.
Be Glad That the "Big Boom"
Has Passed By Without
Touching Us.
The great'boom anticipated last fall
did not materialize. The stock market tried to leap over the moon, stubbed it toe and fell back. Wheat leaped
to a two-dollar peak and .dropped
down again faster than It went upt
The steel and iron Industry accelerated Its pace tremendously, but slowed down again. And calmly facing
the facts, it Is best that the anticipated hectic activity did not come
Why do we all crave a boom? To
make more money with less effort;
to increase profits at the expense of
the buyer; to get more for giving less,
Of course these desires to escape from
the curse of labor are natural and
universal, but the percentage, of. hap:
plness in the homes along Easy street
is not high. Real contentment is the
fruit, of earnest and persistent effort.
The orgy of the war profiteers ended
ln the head and stomach ache of 1920.
Like the drunkard we are longing for
another grand and glorious profit debauch even though we ought to know
that It will impair our economic and
spiritual health.—June Sunset (San
Eight Thousand Girls Apply for
Forty Jobs at Wembley
A recent London cable says that
an answer to tlie question so frequently asked In certain quarters, whether
ghis would rathor draw the insurance benefit than tako a job, was
supplied recently. In response to an
advertisement by the Dominion Catering company for 40 soda-water fountain attendants at Wembley, at a wage
of £2 10s. a week, no fewer than 8,000
applicants presented themselves, and
lt was not until 3:30 in the afternoon
that the work of selection was finished. A large number of tbem actually
rushed tbe gates of the administrative offico in their eagerness.
Nominating Convention for New
Westminster Discussed-
Will Hold Picnic.
The Vancouver district federation
mot on Tuesday, June 2nd, In the Holdon building. Delegates were present
from the Vancouver branch, Collingwood, North Burnaby, South West
Burnaby, and Broadview,
It was decided to invite tbe Westminster labor group to meet a committee from the Burnaby brandies to
set a date for a nominating convention for tbe New Westminster riding
in the federal elections. This riding
Includes Burnaby, New Westminster,
and  a part of the  Fraser valley.
Plans were also advanced for the
holding of a picnic on Sunday, June
28, at Old Orchard or some other
convenient place.
Definite arrangement will he announced next week and all wnrkers
aro invited to come and make tlie
affair a complete success,
Child Study, Iowa
"Summer Courses In Child Life" are
belijg offered by the uhlvu ity of
Iowa for the coining summer. The
courses will be given by tho Iowa
Child-welfare Research station In conjunction with the extension M* ..ion
and other departments of tlio university.
Patronize  Federatlonist  advertisers
United States Excluding Whites
and Admitting Mexicans
and Indians.
The back door is still open. Though
we bar the front gate and exclude
thousands of Europeans because the
national stomach can't digest them,
the back door admits a wide stream
of Mexican-Indians. And nobody
seems to note the paradox in excluding whites and admitting "Indians, os*
tensibly to keep our bloodstream pure,
Two years ago we remarked that the
horde of Mexican-Indian Immigrants
was swelling. Now a survey made by
several .Western universities demonstrates that "the rise in Mexican immigration is likely to increase disease, crime and, poverty," in the area
of the survey, the Coast states and
British Columbia. Are we wise to admit Mexican-Indians practically with
out restriction wfi'ilo-we bar Europ
ean whites?—June Sunset (San Fran
Junior Lnbor League
There will be a business moeting of
the J. L. L. this Friday evening at
6262 Chester street.
The League Is holding another
dance on Saturday, June 6th, at the
Elks hall, Forty-ninth and Fraser
avenues. Admission by collection at
the door.   Good music.
Members of the League have been
taking advantage of the fine weather
on tho week-ends by hikes and picnics. Tho organization is still growing. Six nuw members were accepted
at tlie last meeting. Let's have a few
British Organized Labor
Bi-ltish trade unions have increased
their membership sinco la23 by 1,-
000,000, according to figures mndo
public in Washington by the North
American agency of the International
labor office of Geneva, Switzerland.
There nre some 1135 trade union organizations in Great Britain, with a
total membership of 5,461,000.
Britain Hard Hit by Gorman Tariff
The new German tariffs although
fully expected are regarded as one of
sovorest blows yet at British industry
for a long time particularly in tho
textile industry, says a London cablegram. Canada will be particularly
affected in canned products, wheat,
rye, barley, artificial silk material,
frozen fish etc,
Wc want something more than n
programme; we want something oi
the nature of a gospel,—Hamsay McDonald,
THOSE Individuals, or groups,
wishing to get pamphlets
which have just recently been
printed are urged to send in
their orders at once. There are
only a limited number printed.
They are the following:
By Mrs. Roso Henderson
10 cents.
By George P. Stirling
fi cents,
Theso pamphlets are well writ-
ton. They contain a wealth of
information, and are, to say
the very least, thought-provoking.
Send in  Your Orders  at Onco
You Cannot Afford To  Bo
Willi.ch, Thein
Restricting   Food   Supplies   in
Order to Raise Prices of
Sir Auckland Geddes and his commission may not have heard bf it, but
supplies of foodstuffs are destroyed
In England in order to keep up market prices. The agricultural correspondent of the London Times says
* "It wilt pay to sacrifice part of tl
output in order that the markets wtl
not be so depressed by over-suppl;
as to lower prices unduly. One hean
views of this description uttered re-|
specting such products as potatoes,
fruit, green vegetables, milk and other perishable articles. . . The farmer
is only acting'in conformity with
other classes of producers and trad
A bright system isn't it, in which
■foodstuffs are deliberately destroyed
In order to maintain scarcity prices.
In the midst of plenty tho people
Hold Anti-Socialist Meetings aad
Adopt Aggressive
Knock the Hat Off An Old Han
And Are Chased By
A correspondent writing ln the
Glasgow Forward relates the following: 	
. For two Sundays running the British fascist! have been holding anti-
socialist meetings at Alexander park.
The first Snday they knocked the hat
off a young man who kept lt bn whilst
they waved the union jack and sang
'God Save the King/ Last week they
knocked the hat off an old man and
were chased by the *rowd. A huge
posse of police were brought out, and
the threat Is made to close down
meetings there. This cannot be tolerated.
'Our loyal comrades of the I. L. P.
rallied round splendidly, and showed
great solidarity. Under these circumstances lt would be stupid to debate
our differences there. May I suggest
either joint meetings at this stance or
alternate Sundays with oomplete solidarity of co-operation? This could be
arranged by delegates.
"Also, may I appeal to all socialists
and workers, to boycott the fascisti
meetings completely. Let us provoke
no disorder.
"If the I. L, P. has a meeting fixed
for Sunday first, Comrade J. H. Murray (our speaker) and our stewards
will co-operate loyally."
Harked Increase in the Member.
ship of Trade Unions in
Maternity and Infancy Act,
Rhode Island
Rhode Island has accepted the provisions of the federal Maternity and
Infancy act. Forty-three states and
Hawaii now co-operate with tho national government under this act.
United States Rails Manufactured
Under Anti-Union Conditions Ruled Out.
The town council of Glasgow,
Scotland, has refused to buy United
Slates Steel Corporation rails for uso
in its tramway system. Tbis action
was taken because American steel
rails are manufactured under unfair,
anti-union conditions, Labor members of tho council used tho Interchurch report on thd Sleel Striko of
litis to prove their cuse.
Tiie wickedest, the most damnable
traitor In tbe country Is the food profiteer.—H. Dennis Bradley,
Wisdom lies only in truth.—-Goethe,
Premier C. A. Dunning's Party
Will Havo Majority of 43
in New House.
Last Tuesday's general elections for
the provinco »f Saskatchewan resulted
in re-electing tlM> government of Premier C. A. Dunning (liberal), with
the exception of Attorney-general J.
A. Cross, defeated at Keglna by M,
A, Macpherson (conservative), Standing of tho parties in tho new parliament follows:
Liberals   fil
Conservatives      8
Progressives       5
Independents        2
Deferred        _
Total     03
Government strength      53
opposition Btrength   io
Government majority   43
Alderman Enst to Lecture
Alderman James East, of Edmon
expects to spend some time next
Lecturing under the auspices of
[mors' Unton of Canada, In
wan and Manitoba. Mr.
\t. several weeks during the
in lecture work for the
Ion ln Saskatchewan and
on the "Nationalization
[e bo well received that
pranging a more ex-
tensTWWWBf for him on the coming tour. Airman East haa made
an extensive study of the money and
credits question and his lectures are
full of Interest for students of econom
Socialism Inevitable
Socialism Is the only theory of re
form receiving wide support from capable thinkers; and if, as the socialist and the advocate of the trust systom contend, tho inevitable tendency
and result of economic competition be
the monopolistic domination of Industrial activities by private corporations, then socialism Is Inevitable,
Professor Ely.
As labor is the common bip-den of
onr race, so lho effort of some to
shift tlieir share of tho burden on to
the shoulders of others Is the great
durable curse of the race.—Lincoln
Decided  to  Support Australian
Labor Party in N.S.W.
State Elections.
It was decided at tho annual con
ference of the Commonwealth Publli
Service Assistants' association, reeently held at Sydney, X. fl, \\'., ttiat the
association should, through its official journal and its members, support
the Australian labor party at the N.
S. W. state elections.
An official report of proceedings
showed that the delegates adopted
tbis course becnuse they considered
that the labor parly supported tbe
principles of ettual pay for equal work,
preferences In unionists, and the
amondmont of the Superannuation act
to make belter provisions for single
Tbe conference also decided to bold
its next annual sitting ut  Canberra.
Prevention <>f Accidents, New York
Serious injuries lo nearly 2,000
children In New York factories in one
year, reported by the state department
of labor, have resulted In the Inauguration of n campnlgn for the prevention of accidents to children In Industry by iho American Museum of Safety, aad (lie state departments of labor
and education.
Teach history ami economics truthfully nnd men will bate war.—Bishop
of Birmingham,
London Tmnmays Profitable
The municipal tramways of London
made nn actual profit of £028,000
last year despite th'e auditor's report
showing a deficiency ot £100,000, ac
cording to Angus Soott, municipal reform momber in the London county
council. Scott points out that the
auditor   included   charges   for   repay-
tent on capital which If they had
been deducted would have shown n
profit of £586,000. In addition tho
tramways   made   road   Improvements
lOStlng fSan.OOO. which nre improperly charged against tho tramways. "By
taking these items out 'if tho expense
account, (In; tramways show an actual profit of £028,000," Scott says.
Shoo Workers1 Coin cm ion
Montreal, P. Q.—Shoe Workers
wero In convention in this city all this
week al tho Mounl Royal hotel. Dele-
gales from all parts of tho continont
wcro present, ami tho whole shoe
condition was discussed thoroughly.
The convontion—10th in number—
was of great interest being of international character, Owing to trade conditions It wns the first held in four
years, and mnny problems wero faced.
Last Year Government Adopted
New Polioy Toward Organised Labor.
rTHERG has been of late a marked "
acceleration of the rate of Increase In the membenhlp of trad*
Unions ln Japan, states Induatrlal nnd
Labor Information. According to the
figures of Japan's Police bureau, ther*
were, at the end of l»2l, SO, year*
after the Japanese workers began to
organize themselves only 109,009
trade unionists in Japan. At th* end
of 1S28, according to the returna of
the Bureau of Social Affairs, there
were 430 trade unions, with a total
membership of 126,000
The adoption by the government, in
1924, of a new policy toward organised labor, gave a great impetus to the
growth of trade unionism with the
result that by the end of 1924 there
were 600 unions with an aggregate
membership of 230,000; this represents a growth in one year almost
equal to the growth of the previous. SO
years. In spite of this expansion, the
total membershipr of trade unlona ln
Japan amount still to only one-twentieth of the total number • of wage
earners of Japan, whioh excluding the
rural districts, is something over
The holder of a monopoly is a sinner and offender.—The Koran.
Head of Vast Chain of Restaurants Dies Leaving Large
All Employees Under New Management Lose Time-Honored
CAMUKL S. CHILDS, head of a vast
chain of restaurants, with employees numbering well over 5,000,
died recently after mnking a fortune
out of a new type of eating establishment that began as "the poor man's
restaurant" and ended "as the restaurant whore only a rich man could
afford to eat regularly," Judging by
some of tho prices.
Various attempts were made to organize these employes. One of the
obstacles wns the woli-lntrenchod bonus system, tho waitresses sacrificing a
standard wage for the promise of a
bonus which they got year after year.
If the girls worked 30 days continuously tbey recoived a bonus. Where
tbe wage averaged about 30 cents an
hour tbe "gift" thoy received at tho
end of tbe month amounted to from
$10 to $15. Out of this thoy contributed r»0 cents a week by a check-off
system to an insurance fund. Millions wore collected in the courso of
years to provide medicul attention for
them in cases of sickness.
The plan, based entirely on the good
will of one man, kopt tbe girls from
trying to help themselves. It served
also to tie them to their John in tho
hope of getting the deferred payment, tbe  bonus.
Then the good employer died. Immediately the enormously wenlthy
restaurant company cut out the bonds
and notice was posted on the bulletin
boards to that effect, Nearly 20 per
cent of the employees' Wnges was thus
dipped off.
Wbat recourse have they'.' None.
What the good employer gives in tho
form of a bonus, be can also take
Machinists Re-elccl orrkvrs
A Washington, I>. <\ press despatch
tales that all the high officers of
the International Association of Machinists, including Wm. II. Johnson,
president, were re-elected it was announced today, after an official count
of the ballots. Johnston's majority
was 946 votes. B, C, Davison was reelected secretary-treasurer. Davison
led nil other officers with a majority
of 0603 votes.
Children in Moving Pictures, Germany
Baby "movie stars" are frowned up-
*n in Germany, where a recent police
irdor forbade the employment of ehli-
Iren under 3 in Berlin movlng-picturtj
studios, according to the international
lalior office. A police permit is required for the employment of children
between 3 and tbe school-leaving age,
Tills permit is given on condition that
childron nre not exposed to con-
ons Injurious to health or morals,
to unhealthy exci 'mont of tho
igin atlon. Children attending
school mny bo employed only outsido
school hours.
Pauperism is tbo general loakago
through every Joint of tho ship that
is rotten.—Carlyle. T-2P- Two
■FRIDAY June   5,   1925
Published every Friday ny
Tke Britlah Columbia Federatloniat
BmImm and Editorial Office. 1120 Howe St.
Tho policy ol Tho B. C. Federationist I.
eontrolled by the editorial board of the
Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Sub.cription Kate: United States and Foreign, »3.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per
year 11.60 for all months; to Unions
iubscriblng in a body, 16o per momber
per month.	
The Federationist is on salo at the  following news stands:
B. J. OALLOWAY BIO Granville Street
KELSON'S NEWS STAKD.*** ■■— *jj~ ,
Mja_,->v« a .___   anmyijie street
p 0. SBWS Bliiw) S2B UranYille Streat
TOHN OEEEN 206 Oarrall Street
wStbb oallowat^Ki-gSi-a-*r._t
mWS  "^r. Ha«tagiS"Abbott'stt.eti
w "i AEMSTEONO 2102 Main Btreet
BEK TOON'S BOOK SBOF....121 OranflUe
BOULT'S BOOK STOBE....S13Vi Cam-la St.
8B0BOIA OONraOTloraBY.;.._i*.wirt
FBOOBNAU S OATES....188 Broadway Eait
»   TUENEE 816 M*1" 8ttM'
T_\ A WEBSTEB 6983 Fraaer Streat
IBOEMAKEE it M0LEAN....6 lonadale AW*
A. MUNOEAM 764 Columbia Street
DEPOT NEWS STAND .Interurban Depot
»AN MACKENZIE Oolumbia Street
I. A BABNAED 83 Commercial Street
W. K. DEKHAM , *•*» flUnd
deplored.    It  playa   into  the   hands
of self-seeking individuals.
An earnest effort was made to
amalgamate The Federationist and
the Labor - Statesman — the local
tradea union organ—aome months
ago, but it was futile. A letter was
forwarded to the Trades and Labor
Council from The Federatloiplst-
letter, wo hope, they will publish
should any discussion arise on this
subject—but of no avail. It would
appear to us, and we feel we aro
far from being alone In this regard,
that a few officials were desirous of
having control of their paper so
that nothing would be said or done
that would be injurious to their
own personal aims and ambitions.
Upon this rock, all too ofte*p, many
labor movements are wrecked, for
a time at least.
The Canadian Farmer-Labor Ad
vocato, wo hope, will servo to unite'
the various groups in the labor
movement. It is, to say the least,
a worthy venture, and one, we hope,
that will not meet with tho general
apathy and Indifference that has
been the lot of so many such ven
tures. Until the great mass of the
workers come to realize that they
owe a duty to themselves and to
those who are honestly striving to
serve their best interests, the miserable economic conditions which have
been their lot for so long will likely
continue until they do. The remedy
rests in their own hands; they can
blame none other than themselves
for the miserable state that Is now
theirs. Workers, the future is yours
for the taking.    Arouse yourselves!
.News Stand
 .Box 022
■ ™^"i8qt SStranrsw
FRIDAY J"ne   5'  1925
WB BELIEVE that our frienda
and supporters will appreciate
the proposed reorganization contemplated by The Federationist, which
will take place next week. For
some months the management committee haa been in consultation with
representatives of different labor and
farmer groups, and it was felt that
The Federationist—or Its successor,
by o,n amalgamation of other publications—must havo a field of larger
scope to function as a real driving
force in the political arena of British Columbia—thus solidifying far-
mors, wage-earners and others supporting tho labor party.
Since The Federatlonist has been
under the present editorial management It has endeavored to consistently Oflid persistently advance in
every way the best interests of the
workors. That it hae fallen short
of reaching tho Ideal, that thoso
who were responsible for Its news
and editorial policy had at heart,
Is admitted. This work has been
dono entirely voluntarily for over a
year, and often under most adverse
and trying circumstances.
It ls our earnest wit.li that our
new organ, The Canadian Farmer-
Labor Advocate, will meet with every success. It Is rather a new departure In the newspaper realm. It
ls, wo earnestly believe, an honest
and Hlneoro attempt lo co-ordinate
the efforts of tbo various trades
unioiiH and other labor organizations
und the farmor movement of B.C.
Unless such a combination can be
HueccHsfully arranged, our presont
political pariiHiles can carry on with
Impunity. Certainly the present economic situation in whicb both the industrial workers and farmers find
themselves is sucb as to demand
the earnest consideration of every
thinkMig   individual  hi   both   groups.
Locally, wo sincerely hope that
the same spirit of co-oporation which
we believe actuates IIioho who are
ondeavorlng to organizo tho no'V
paper will predominate in the futuro la the labor movement in thl;.
city. Frankly, wo are of the opinion that personal greed and personal
ambition to a largo extent is tho outstanding feature in many of our
local labor circles. There aro too
maiiiy of our Irndofl union officials,
in our opinion, In the movement
solely witb tbo object of personal
gain. Tbelr ideals begin and end
there. As a rulo they manage to
manipulate tilings to that end. The
rank and file of labor, wo are sure,
aro aware of this condition, and, ns
a result, they turn from the movement In disgust, or elBo they have
nothing moro lo do with it than Is
absolutely necessary. Tills attitude,
on the part of tho masses, is to he
WONDERFUL victory for the
Liberal politicians of Saskatchewan—but what of the people? The
Liberal politicians have boen able to
convince the majority of the voters
of that province that they hold in
their ha,nds the "sure cure for what
ails them." Once again the people
will have to become disillusioned.
Sooner or later they will have to
learn that neither of the old-line
parties have any remedy for their
economic ills, They are out for the
good of themselves, and not for the
good of the people who elected them.
With business conditions as they
are throughout the Dominion, it Is
not to be wondered at that people
are upset and more or Jobs unbal
apced. They grasp atyfcvery straw
that comes their way. .JThis one wlU
fail them, as have all others In \
past. Our whole ecou-Bl-ltt-fr^ftSmem,
based, as it is, upon competition and
privato profits, without any regard
to human needs, must collapse. A
system that puts a premium on the
crudest forms of shrewdness, rather
than on honest toil, can hardly be
expected to survive for long.
Certainly there is a great need for
tho gospel of LABOR to be preach
ed. Unfortunately the dally capital
1st or big business press is the one
whose influence predominates at the
present time, and in the interest of
self-preservation it continues in Its
campaign of lies and falsehoods. In
this way It is keeping the people
ln ignorance of the true state of
affairs. If the Liberals have enough
money, It swings Liberal, and extols
the virtues of Liberalism. When the
Conservatives grow wealthy, it advises the people to support them,
and so tho little game goes on. Until
labor becomes united and strong
enough to enablo them to publish a
good paper of their own, and one
that will give to the people the
facts, there is little hopo for the
emancipation of mankind outside of
a revolution, Judging from the way
things look at tlio present time.
NO SUBJECT is coming more to
tho forofront today than the one
of birth control. It Is high time that
It was coming into Its own. Children
ire being born Into this world who
are not wanted. They aro being
born into homes whero thero Is
nothing whatever to look forward
to. The standards of 'educalloin aro
becoming higher and higher, In lhat
more and more utterly useless learning and memorizing is being demanded of the pupils, and a greater
time required, all of which requires
money. This latter commodity Is
becoming scarcer In tho average
homo every day. Even though it
might bo possible for the average
parents to give their children suffi
cient education to lit them for some
of tbe professions, their difficulties
are by no means solved. The professions aro most decidedly overcrowded at the present time. All
the tradea have onough men and to
spare for every vacancy that might
bo offered. What, then, has the
average young person to look forward to in this life? Certainly the
prospectB nro not ut all rosy,
Honk' of our ignorant leaders
would try to mako us bcliove lhat
we must have moro childron If wo
would preserve our empire. It would
appear thai, right now, ils preservation Is more riopemUipt upon numbers than upon tlieir Intelligence.
Even It' that woro so, one would
think that an empire worth preserving would consider tbat its manhood
ought lo lie worth being provided
foi-. That Is not so. Children horn
today, In the average home, have
little   to   be   thankful   for,   because
they are born. Certainly it is high
time that the parents of this land
were taught the methods1-of birth-
control. It is unfair, not alone to
tho children, but to the parents as
well. It is an urgent need today.
We hope that the day will soon come
when we will have birth-control
clinics ln this province, to which
people can go for such information,
along these lines, as they might desire or be In need of. Children who
are wanted by their parents will find
things hard enough. Those who are
not, may the gods be with them!
TF7E WONDER how long we are
" going to consider ourselves the
all-superior race. We wonder how
long we are going to feel Justified
In going Into and exploiting the territories of other peoples, while we
continue to rosent any interference
by them In our affairs. We wonder
how long we are going to talk "Asiatic exclusion," while at the same
time we rese-nt the educated Chinese
students aiding the Chinese workers
in their struggle against their "foreign exploiters" in Shanghai. What
is more, we wonder how long our
hypocritical daily press manipulators are going to keep on insinuating, either directly or indirectly,
through fake or colored news reports, that the Soviets are behind
every effort that is made, in any
and every land under the sun, to
prevent our super-Intelligent business exploiters from robbing the natives of that which is theirs—and
theirs alone. How long, oh, how
long, are we going to carry on in
this disgusting manner! Is it to bo
wondered that the little prestige we
may have had among the citizens of
other  countries  Is going!
In these days of unscrupulous
journalism It is indeed refreshing to
read a great daily journal exempt
from that morbid and scandalous
stuff dubbed and printed as news by
legions of newspapers. The Boston
Christian Science Monitor is ths
cleanest, best edited and most reliable newspaper that we know of.
It accords labor a pretty fair deal
In its news, which Is more than can1
be said of hundreds of other big
dallies. Its editorials and articles of
a literary character a.*e prized above
ill for their educational value. The
^Vlonitor is a real high-class family
[Note—As many enquiries reach
thla offlce from time to time, the editor wtll reserve space to deal with
such matters, under tbe above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled aa quickly aa space permits.
J. ROBERTSON: Referred to a
few weeks ago in Ramsay MacDonald's speech at St. Ives (Cornwall);
he also then appealed to the young
conservatives to join his party as the
"only progressive group in the house
of commons."
W. LEE: For us to have success
quickly and thoroughly requires the
effort of all sides of thought united in
the one slogan that capitalism and all
tlie system stands for must go. The
rule of thc people by tlie people, nol
by a class,
W. HICKS: We published the figures you refer to In our issue of Apvil
L. (New Westminster): Yes. Probably on June 12th,
HARRY L.: Don't listen to such
'ot. Sam Scarlett is a groat forco, a
powerful speaker with lost of sound
common sense,
[Written for The Federationist]
If you would seo a tailor work
Heboid the way he sews;
While stitch by stitch ho cannot shirk
His toil is not repose.
Perceive  this ninth  of one the  man
To dally work doth cling;
A man ho makes the best ho can
In  clothes boeome a king.
—G. B.
Vancouver, June, 1825,
Inconsistent Ijabor Man
Ho was a Union man—tbat Is
He had a Union card.
And on tho floor at meetings
With  his voice be always starred
Unfair employers he'd denounce
As "fakirs," "kikes" and "beats".
His roar would almost Jar tho
Other members from their seats.
Hut when he went to purchase goods
He did not seem to care
About the Union Label—-
Never askod if it was thore.
While to bis brother unionists
He did a grlevlous wrong,
Tbe people whom lie howled against
Ho boosted right along.
—Thos. II. West
Police Tower Condemned
The firing on unarmed workers
striking against being swindled out
of a bonus by the Cawnpore Cotton
Mill company, of India, is condemned
as a gross misuse of polico power by
an unofficial committee of enquiry
consisting of Cuwnporo lawyers and
business men. The police killed six
and wounded 18 workers.
Tho cure for democracy Is more
democracy. The danger to tho world
lies In autocrats and autocracies and
privilege.;! classes.—Walter Pago, Eng
[By Our Peripatetic Pagan]
COCIALISTS should be proud of our
representative at Ottawa, J. S.
Woodaworth. Once again he has delivered a splendid speech; this time on
war and war preparations, and as
usual, he has not bcen sparing in his
indictments of those who told us that
the last war was a war to end wars,
but that commerce is behind the
whole of our military preparations.
Every word of this speech should be
read and digested.
* *    •
Note the following excerpts: "For
a good man years in Canada thoso
who believe fn military preparation
have had their Innings, and they have
almost come to tako it for granted
that their policy is the correct policy
and tho one that must be maintained
indefinitely In this country. In fact,
during the war it became a crimo for
any body to question the cause that
led to hostilities; and the press and
other agencies effectually silenced
anyone who was opposed to that pol
icy. It seems to me that now that
we have had this great war, which has
practically led to the bankruptcy of
the world; and when we are faced
with the possibility of another war
which as Winston Churchill has said
will be the potential destroyer of the
human race, It ls well that we should
take time to consider the claims of
the militarists before passing as a
matter of form from year to year
these military estimates."
* *   •
"And now the countries of the world
are again making ready for fresh war.
Science Is busy seeking new and even
more terrible methods of dealing
death and destruction. We all know
that the next war will bring with It
wholesale slaughter to a degree undreamed of before. The very air will
be laden with death and will bring
pestilence and destruction to countless multitudes far remote from the
actual centres of war. The next war
will be the final triumph of barbarism; it will sweep from the face of the
earth the last traces of civilization.
"In tho noxt war there will be ho
place for personal heroism. The days
when man could show prowess on the
battle-field , are for ever gone by.
Henceforth he will be killed by a system of mass destruction, which will
work unerringly as the machinery he
now uses for mass production. Tho
sole use of the mechanical perfection
to which ho will have attained will ho
to doom millions to horrible and inevitable death."
* •   •
He attacks the horror of how
twenty-five Canadian soldiers were
executed for offenses committed during their connection with the army.
No Australians were so punished, because their command refused to allow the imperial authorities to impose the death penalty. He criticises
General Currie's disapproval of the
publication of these details and says:
"Sir Arthur—who gathered many
medals, a title, and much appreciation
from his connection with the war—
apparently does not think it a good
idea that the public ln general should
actually know and realize what war
Is and what it means. He apparently
believe that If it Is possible to hold
the public to the idea that war is a
great and glorious occupation, in
which the flaunting of banners, the
playing of bands and the shouting of
heroes—and not the misery and horror of death—are the main consideration, it is a good thing for the country. As a matter of fact it Is just as
well that the people should know
what thoy are talking about when
they talk about war. It is well that
they should know who these men are,
who were shot down by their comrades in France; well to know why
they were shot down." ..
* *    * *
He appeals to Canada to strike out
for peace. "Why should Canada not
strike out along new lines? The hon.
member for Southeast Grey (Miss
Macphall ) had on the order paper
a resolution, which, I am very sorry,
was not reached, suggesting a peace
bureau to foster and promote international goodwill and understanding
Why not? We are spending millions
upon war preparations, why not spend
at least a few thousands in trying to
flnd if there is not some other way?
We have trodden the hard paths of
war; why not explore thc avenues
that may lead to peace? You want
the thing put on a business basis? Mr.
Chairman, if Canada adopted an attitude of this kind and was foremost
among the nations that definitely set
themselves against war and assured
her citizens that they would keep out
of those great struggles, It would be
tho biggest advertisement that Canada could ever make bofore the nations of the world."
• *    *
In concluding this remarkable and
powerful appeal he said:
"I would like to appeal to the men
and women who have dreamed of a
better future for their children and
for humanity, and who are willing to
take some risk to make their dreams
como true. I recognized that the pol
icy which I have advocated would
Involve risks, but the present policy
Involves not only risk, but almost cer
talnly a failure. Why not take tiioso
risks which are incident to tho de
velopment of the new means of pro
tecting our nation?"
The scathing denunciations we see
so often quoted by the capitalist press
on the "doles" and how it is pauper
izlng tho manhood of Britain takes
some explaining away when we read
that: "An incident reported from
Colchester (Essex), In wliich unemployed men fought for work, provides
yet another contradiction to those
people who assert that tlie unemployed man has no desiro for a. job,
Fifty men were required in connection with the laying of electric cables,
sonic 200 men turned up to be taken
The man in charge told them that
the flrst CO who got the tools would
be put on the job and Immediately
thero was a wild rush for the implements. In consequence many received
hard knocks."
Incidents like these rather give the
lie to the statements wo read so frequently.
• *    •
Owing to the terrible distress prevailing among the agricultural workers in Hampshire (England), A. C.
Parry, a rate colector,  has resigned
"My reason for resigning ls that I
am forced to the conclusion that tho
rural district ls utterly unable to meet
the demands made upon lt without
causing a considerable amount of distress to the children through agricultural laborers having to find money
for the rates out of their meagre
"The action of the county council
In increasing the assesable value by
such an enormous amount without
making a corresponding reduction ln
the rate in the £ will cause greater
hardship than ever.
"I can not conscientiously go on
forcing these sums of money out of
peoplo who have but a mere existence."
* •    •
Mr. Parry's resignation was accepted wilh regret, the guardians being
informed that he refused to reconsider hii decision.
"The majority of tho ratepayers In
my five parishes are agricultural laborors and small holders," Mr. Parry
"Thero average wage Is about 2fis.
(about $6) a week out of which rent
and rates had to be paid.
"There Is no question as to ; the
poverty existing, and the general conditions of families was poor, and I
have always experienced great difficulty in collecting rates.
"During the last six months I have
taken no fewer than 628 Instalments
towards amounts due, and I had juBt
handed eighteen commitments to the
police. People did their best to pay,
but the work was heart-breaking."
Oh! This capitalist system! Oh
this imperialistic stuff—and, hats off
to Parry for his manliness, courage
and sympathy.
*    •    •
Maeterlindk says: "There needs but
so little to encourage beauty in our
soul; so little to awaken the slumbering angels. There is no soul but ls
conscious of this. And yet must one
of them 'begin'. Why not dare to
be tbe one to 'begin?"
Let's begin with all our strength
and determination hy united efforts
to advance the cause of labor and
socialism. That means all of us—
not a few Georges
Fresh  Cut  Flowers, Funeral  Designs, Wedding  Bouquet*, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bnlbs, Florins' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
t, Hutlngi Stmt Eut 0.,. 981472    665 Onn-mit Strut lay. 1611*1311
151 Hutlngi Strut Wut. Sty.  1370     10*17 Georgia Strut Wut. 6.7* 7*111
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Have You a Friend?
To whom you would like us to send a sample oopy of
the British Columbia Federationist
We want NEW READERS—Help us to get them
I have a friend whom I think could he induced to subscribe
to the British Columbia Federationist. Please send him a
sample copy to the address below:
[Tb. opinion, and ideas uprMMd
by corr..pond.nt. ar. not neceaearlly
endorsed by Tb. Federationlit, and
no responsibility for tb. Ti.wi upraised 1. accepted by th. management.]
Would Eliminate Punishes
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Will
you please allow ine to thank you for
printing tlio articles written by.Comrade Harris, and also to say how much
I enjoyed reading thoso articles. 1
agree witli Comrade Harris lhat the
time is now ripe to weed out, os many
as practicable, from the non-producers who are living on tho production
of others. As a start, I think we
ought to bring pressure to bear on
our educational authorities to direct
the future students. For instance, we
are making girl stenographers by the
hundreds whon the domand ls only
for dozens, and out* girls would be
better employed in other walks of life
and could be mado into producers,
producing clothes and foods, cooked
and uncooked. Wo should regulate
the professions for our boys, too. Why
continue making lawyers to bc rounil
our necks, surely we have sufficient
right now. Tho same law could apply to real estate men, parsons and
doctors. With regard to real estate
operators, I would suggest that we
get busy nnd tell thoso in authority
to stop Issuing licenses to real estate
men and gradually limit them out o;
existence. Some of our municipalities
have real estate offices to dispose ol
their tax property, and I submit thai
those public offices could bo mado lo
handle all real estate, and If there
are to bo any fees or comissions, lei
tho same go Into the municipal treasuries. I would also liko to see Insurance agents, solicitors, (known ns
commercial travellers), and all other
canvassers, taken oft the streets nnd
our door steps. Tho sooner lho workers realise the number of parasite;*
they are carrying the better it will be
for us and the future generations.
Yours etc. w. W.
Vancouver, B. C, June 2, 1925.
They are made of
first quality leathers on comfortable
good  fitting lasts.
For work or dress
At all leading Shoe Stores.
Can Be Relieved
The  new   Continental Remedy  oiled
"LAKMALENE"  (Kegd.)
Ia & simple, harmless homo treatment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noised in tho hoad, etc. No expensive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates upon the
affected parts with complete and permanent Biiecesa. Scores of wonderful cases reported.
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whltehorae
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to toll you that the small tin of
ointment you sent to mo at Ventnor
has proved a complete success, mr
hearing is now quito normal and the
horrible hoad noises have ceased.
The action of this new remedy mast
bo vory remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these complaints for
nearly 10 years and have had some
of tbo very best modical advice, together with othor expensive ear Instruments, all to no purpose I need
hardly say how very grateful I am,
for my lifo has undergone an entire
Try one box today, whieh can he
forwarded to any address on receipt
of money order for $1.00. Thert Is
nothing better at any price. Address
orders to Manager "LAEMALENE"
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
What  about your neighbor's subscription?
"Famous"—the Store for
TT IS always our aim to givo cub-
*• tomers what they want—wo nover
attempt to sell anything hy force.
We know our goods aro right—in
quality, stylo and wearing properties.
Wo rely upon our merchandise to
sell ItKftlf, giving ads-ice and service
to help our cuBtomors choose,
JrOltlOUS   SUIT Co. Ltd.
619-623 Hastings Street West
'   Insist on
|T IS long lusting for furnace
*■ und rango uso, yet easy to
start. It lias this combination
of  qunlltlos  which   none  other
Mined on Vnncouver Islnnd
at Cnssldy ky
Granby Consol.
Mining, Smelting and
Power Co. Ltd.
Office, Dlrlis Illdg.
Sey. 5777 Vnncouvor, B. C.
Teesse Saymour 1354
■urrs soi, DO-tmoM BUXLsnra
 VAjjgOPTBB, B. O.
Boost for
The Fed.
—Especially otl orlidnal envelopes; do not
delnch,   but send  entiro  envelope by regis***,*,
tercd mail  to Adelbort Porter,   Suntn Ann, .
* '■'.
lVTEW night rates arc
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
B. 0. Telephone Company
HAVE you ever had a real drtak
of Pure Apple Older during tb*
last few years?
To meet tho deilre. of many cllentl,
wo have Introdnoed recently . pure clear
■Darkling apple Alder In pint bottlea.
either puro aweet or government reeult*
tion 2% hard apple elder. Theae drlnki
are abaolutely pure and free from all
eapbonlo add gaa or preaervatlvea et
any nature* Write or phone your order
today, Highland SO.
Older Muifaetareri
1956 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
•THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
■*■ of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers completo facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established 00 years FRIDAY June   5,   1925
Page Three
=—Vast Possibilities for Prospectors and Investors—=
*'•--• •■*■•-•-<•"•*>■••**(
■ •■•■'•»•■• »..»..•*»»"•.••-•*■••'•*■••>•■•«■■•"•"•"•..• M|
British Columbia Mining
TWINING is the outstanding industry ol. British Columbia—the
future development of which is foreshadowed on a tremendous
scale. The mining' possibilities of this provinee are now receiving
more attention than ever. This fact has resulted in a gratifying
flow of capital for the exploitation'of thc natural mineral wealth
ol' our great mining districts, Also, {further capital is promised for
future activity and expansion of the industry. To a greater extent
than heretofore our mining possibilities are being recognized. The
mining resources ol' this province forcefully demonstrates the further faet that it is a great mineral producing country, whose future
success is at once assured.
Tlie year M'*M has been ji remarkable duo Cor mining In this
province, both as lo actual produe-
iion und future development for-
t.ha .lowed.
British Columbia la Canada's second mineral producer in point of value wilh an output in 1923 valued
at $44,143,390 or 20.11 per cent, of the
Dominion's total, against $79,910,830
or 37.4 per cent. In Ontario. British
Columbia's mines are producing two-
thirds of Canada's output of copper;
ninety per cent, of its production of
nine; one-half of Hs total lead production; one-fifth of Us gold und silver;
about one-third of Its total metal output; and one-filth of Its production
of coal.
Somo Ou Isn ml fug Mines
Some interesting Information hus
recently been collected on the outstanding mines of British Columbia.
The Sullivan Mine at Klmberely is the
second largest Bilver-lead-zlnc mine in
the world, producing yearly ovor 50,-
000,000 pounds of lead, 50,000,000
pounds of zinc, and 1,000,000 pounds
of silver. This mine, whieh is owned
by the Consolidated Mining and
Smelling company, has, It is understood, ore reserves blocked out to
meet the demands for many years to
eome. Thc Premier Mine, Portland
Canal, produces yearly about 125,000
ounces of gold and 4,275,000 ounces
of silver. Deposits in sight guarantee
Us open) tion for another ten years at
least. The Britannia Mine, Howe
Sound, has produced since 1910, 1-14,-
715,880 pounds ofl crtpper, 796,650
ounces of silver, and 16,816 ounces o:
gold. A new mill recently erected
.and ore uncovered guarantees an annual production of 30,000,000 pound.'
of copper.
Of other British Columbia mines,
the Granby Mine, Observatory Inlet
han sinco   1914   produced   223,481,462
pounds of copper, 2,610,857 ounces >>.
silver, and 51,141 ounces of gold, and
has oro in sight to keep the mine operating for anothor twenty years. The
Be'mont-Surf Inlet Mine, Princess
Royal Island, has since 1916 producod
about 750,000 tons of ore containing
about 3,500,000 pounds of copper,
220,000 ounces of gold, and 125,000
ounces of silver. The Nickel Plate
Mine, Henlof, has produced gold to
tho value of $7,750,000 since 1904.
Sixteen Companies Signify Starting Operations This
J. M. Humphrey, of Malakwa, near
Revelstoke, is doing much to advertise the mineral possibilities of thc
Revelstoke district. Recently he gave
sevoral Illustrated lectures before
boards of trade and mining organizations ln the coast cities. He, spoke in
the Board of Trade rooms, Vancouver,
on mining and other resources of the
Revelstoke end Lurdeau mining division, and states that those areas will
come into their own this year on a
more solid basis than ever before.
This progress, he declares, is not only
due to the enhanced value of base
metals, but also to the fact thut a
number of large companies with adequate capital plan to enter this field
and get out the metals which this
district possesses In such rich quantity, rather than for the purpose of
selling stock.
While last yoar not more than three
companies were operating, and those
In a small way, this year sixteen companies have signified their intention
of starting operations, most of whieh
will be of an investigatory nature.
Minister of Mines, Victoria, B. C.
To Establish Chamber of Mines
For Eastern British Columbia.
The move to establish u Chamber
of Mines for eastern British Columbia, with headquarters at Nelson, is
a good one, observes the Western
Canada Mining News. The B. C.
Chamber of Mines in Vancouver is
doing fine work for mining in the
province, and an organization on a
similar basis, giving particular attention to Kootenay, Boundary, Slocan
and Lurdeau districts, could also do
much. Hon. William Sloan, realizing
the importance of such an organization, has forwarded $500 of provincial
funds to help finance the coming interior convention, when this matte1'
will be taken up.
In this connection, the Kaslo Koo-
tenaiain appropriately says: "Mining
In the Kootenays ln the past has contributed a large share of the total
mineral wealth of the province, There
British Columbia Producers Are
Paid For Them at London
AS AN Instance of the variable methods of compiling statistics of the
mineral industry, the Mining and
Engineering Journal-Press points out
that at New York quotations the
lead production of British Columbia
tor the past year had a value of
$13,437,766, or $1,021,849 over the
estimate of the provincial mineralogist
at Victoria. Similarly, the authority
places the value of the zinc production for the province at $6,976,000, or
$1,708,259 over the estimate of the
provincial mineralogist. On those estimates the value of the mineral production for the post year would be
$52,157,348, as compared with $48,-
627,097, as estimated by the provincial
It must be remembered, says the
Vancouver Mining and Engineering
Record, that the Trail Smelter pays
on Lodon quotations, and although
the American Smelting and Refining
Company marks the New York rates
up or down, it does not follow that
these are the true world market rates,
The Record continues: London is
still the centre of the world's metal
markets; British Columbia producers
are paid for the metal in their ores
on Loudon quotations; and these
should rule, despite the effort of the
Engineering and Mining Journal to
arrogate to itself a policy of setting
up New York rates as the standard.
On Vancouver Island
A correspondent writes: "There is
as much gold in the vicinty of Leach
river as there is in most places in the
province, and an outfit with machinery, operating where I was last spring,
would do well,"
Dividends of B. C. Mining Companies
pHE following dividends were declared for mining companies
operating in British Columbia for the years 1923 and 1924:
Vancouver, B. C.
is an abundance of good properties
here in the making that require capital to mako them mines that will
equal or excel anything that has been
uncovered in the past. But we must
have capital, and a good, live mining
bureau in the district will help some.
Every interior mining man should get
behind the new venture, and a good
live organization formed that will look
after all the districts of the interior,
with favor to none."
MEW No. 3 Britannia
mill, whicli started
operating March, 1923.
Photograph shows incline
for freight and passengers to in i n e, power
house (hydro - electric),
beach hotel, beach store,
beach offico in foreground.
Britannia Mining and
Smelting Company
Marmot Mela Is Ools Under Way
Stewart, li. C.—A start was made
last week on the Marmot Metals Mining Company's operations, a quantity
of supplies and equipment hnving been
landed and taken up to the silo of the
temporary camp on the south fork
of Marmot river at the foot of a precipitins mountain side which is covered by part of the company's claims.
The eamp will be 1800 feet above the
creek and a tram of this longth will
be put ln us soon as possible.
Chamber of Mines, Vancouver, B. c
For Mining on Dease Biver and
Elsewhere in British
AT THE February meeting of the
B. C. division of the Canadian
Institute of Joining and Metallurgy,
held in this city, H. G. Nichols said
that placer mining at Carcross and
Casslar and hydraulic mining on
Dease river offered great possibilities,
and that there would be a great influx of prospectors into that country
this spring.
Zinc, lead and silver occurred on
Haskins mountain; silver and lead on
Babinc, in veins two feet to ten feet
wide; narrow veins carrying 100 to
200 ounces silver as well as milling
ore on Nine-mile mountain; lead, zinc,
gold and silver on Glen mountain,
with values of $150 a ton; arsenic,
gold'and cobalt at Hazelton; silver
at Kltsault; complex ores at Kitsum-
gallum. High-grade zinc, guid and
silver occurred at Portland Ce.nal.
Tho cupriferous pyrite of the Coast
range mountains had posaibH'. oa.
Several million yards of dredging
ground has been proved up In Carl-
boo, where gold dredging is being
inaugurated. Eutsuk lead and zinc;
Tatlayoco gold quartz; Bridge river,
gold; Cun creek, arsenic-gold, and
lead-zinc on the coast; high-grade
gold-zinc on west coast of Vancouver
Island, and realgar at Comox were
In Slocan the Silversmith shoot has
been proved to depth. The Bluebell
mine has been re-opened.
Seventy-six outside producers shipped ore to the Trail smelter last year.
Nickel  has   been   found   on   Emory
creek   ln  a  dyke  300  feet   wide,   resembling tho Sudbury occurrences.
The small high-grade deposits in
the Boundary are being successfully
Zinc and lead are now being shipped to Europe In large quantities.
The mining industry of this province continues to grow and what is
needed is more real and thorough
prospecting, as mineralization is wide
ly distributed over the country.
The   B.   C.   Electric   Railway   and
Consolidated Mining mid Smelting..
Crows Nest Pass Coal	
Howe Sound Co. (Britannia)	
Belmont-Surf Inlet 	
Surf Inlet Gold	
■ %
Rich Oold Striko Discovered at
Casslar on Stickine
A rich gold strike has been discovered at Casslar, B. C, 150 miles up
the Stickine river from Wrangell. This
was recently confirmed by Oscar
Slther, a Petersburg lumberman.
"Wrangel stories we'e that 1000
men mushed through since Christ
mus in spite of snow and ice," he
said. "No reports have come back
and no one knows what is there, but
last fall advices came out of Casslar
and spread over Alaska and British
Columbia that a 26-mile strip of rich
placer gravel hud been found on a
bar In Cassiar Creek. Sourdoughs and
prospectors have been collecting for
the rush ever since."
Boats now leave Wrangel for up-
river points every eight hours.
Development carried on during the
winter on the Independence has resulted most encouragingly. This property wus located and is controlled
by Sam und John Fitzgerald, two ot
the pioneers of the district.
Preparations are in hand to drive a
200-foot tunnel on the Eagle group ol
claims belonging to the Gold Ore
Mining Company.
Recent Incorporations
Incorporations of mining companies dur'ng the past month were:
Silver Tip Mining Dovelopment
company, limited, $1,000,000, Victoria.
Silver Premier Mining company,
limited, (260,000, Vancouver.
Alaska Amalgamation Mining Corporation of British Columbia, limited,
$5,000,000, Vancouver.
Dalhousie Mining company, limited,
$1,000,000, Victoria.
Salmon River High Grades company, "limited,  $500,000,  Victoria.
Rt-iiuirkabli. Showing
Engineers who have examined the
Engineer mine at Atlin believe that,
when dovelopment work Is completed
this month, it will have tho largest
reserve of high-grade gold ore on thc
continent. Three veins have been cut
at depth and show remarkable value.
The main tunnel should Intersect all
the large veins on the property, and
Is about completed.
Power company are developing 400.
ooo horse-power on Bridge river, anc
Will eventually develop 700,000 h. p.,
there. In this work they will dam
the river, creating a lake 26 to U
miles up the valley, which will mak<
the country more accessible.
Public Should Take Chances and
Invest in Developing
[Western Canadian Mining News]
With successful mining companies
opening up productive properties
in various parts of British Columbia,
the point has arisen if advertising
companies not yet on a producing basis is questionable. The Seattle Times,
for instance, takes the stand that It
will not insert any advertising having
to do with the sale of Block ln any
mining proposition not a producing
mine. That ls too lofty. When a
mine is producing it does not have to
advertise stock for sale. The trouble
then Ib to get It at all. How Is a
property to become a producing mine
if there is no money for development
purposes ? lf certain shareholders
put up all the money necessary, without advertising stook for sale, stook
will never be offered to the public.
If the operations are unsucessful, that
Is the end of lt. If successful, then
the public will not get a look in.
it Is proper and legitimate to offer
stock ltt a mining company tor sale,
even if that property is In the prospective stago. It has proven a fine
thing in the past to numerous small
Investors in every country, and will
be the means of introducing many ln
the future to the possibilities in mining.
This method of raising money for
development purposes applies to nil
industries, and is ln vogue the world
over. There ls no reason for the
Seattle Times to take a particular
stand against mining. No paper can
be consistent in taking auch an ultra
stand. In the columns of the Times
aro to be found classified ads. offering shares In businesses upon payment of a certain sum of money. What
Is the difference betweon such an ad.,
and that of a mining comnany which
offers a share in its business for a
• ertaln sum of monoy?
A writer in the local Vancouver
press suggests that when a man invests in mines there should be some
legislation to protect him. His suggestion called forth an answer from
another newspaper correspondent,
who says that, after fourteen years
of prospecting and mining in British
Columbia, (he way to get the benefit
of development of natural resourcos
Is to take a chance; If une chance
fails,  then take another.
That is the principlo of all business,
do to ;t until you win. It does not
apply to mining more than to any
other line of endeavor. Mining, however, is a big Industry In British Co-
lumbla, and it Is along this line that
(be people have the most opportunity.
Mining Speculation in the
Portland  Canal  District
UNDOUKTEDIIY in the course of tlie next twenty-four months  largo amounts of
money will bc mado by participating in   ground  floor   issues   of   Mining   Companies in this area.
will bo assured providing you are in with the right eompany and if you know that at
least 80% of your money is actually spent on tho development of thc mine.
In   our  past   promotions  we  have  the  reputation  of spending 00%  of monies  Invested   with  us
ln  tho actual  development of  tho mines.    A  RECORD,   NO  DOUBT.
You will bo assured of offfclent management.
You will be assured that your money is being spent  on  tho  mine.
You aro assured by coming into this company that you are goi.nn to have a quick return on
your investment, as we have both high and low grado ore only .'(OUO feet from deep water nt
Stewart. Do you realize what this means to you? No transportation difficulties to be overcome  and   low  costs of  hauling the  ore  to  tide water.
THB LOCATION of the property held by this company is undoubtedly (he finest In iho entire
Portland  Canal District,
TIT13 COMPANY Is one of tho strongest of the now organizations recently Incorporated In
this  province, and will stand  the closest Investigation.
Sign the attached coupon and, without any obligation to you, a prospectus will be mailed,
with   one  of tbe  latest  maps  of  this district.
Silver Slipper Mining Co., Limited
Telephone Soy. i»sn
Mull,  without any obligation to mo,  yonr prospectus ami map.
CITY   	 Page Four
■seventeenth year. No. 23 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAV Juno   5,   1.25
Government's Statement
Of Mining Dividends
OON. WILLIAM SLOAN, minister of mines,  hua Just issued a statement
ut Victoria showing lhat lih'ldends declared by mining companies ln
British Columbia in the year 1924, compared with 1923, a. e us follows:
Premier Gold Mining .Company, Ltd	
Consolidated M. & S. Co. of Canada	
Howe Sound Copper Co	
Silversmith Minos Ltd	
Wallace Mountain Mines Ltd	
I. X. L. (Trail Creek Mining Division)	
Hell   (Greenwood  Mining Division)   	
Apex (Slocan Mining Division) 	
.Mountain Chief Mines  (Slocan mining division)
Del Monte-Surf Inlet Mine   	
Totals      82,809,295 J2.890.174
The amount of J'1.890, shown above us distributed In 1924, by no means
represents the total f ,uet profit earned during lhat year. In nearly all
cases substantial su.ils are set aside from profits lo the credit of surplus
and reserve accounts, Profits accruing through private companies and
Individual mining enterprises us a rule are not given publicity as dividends,
as is thc case wilh larger companies, so that no record ol" these profits,
which in the aggregate are considerable, is available.
DIVIDENDS 1896 T01924
Estimated Total Tonnage of 48,-
529,556, Valued at
Dividends Pnid   18U6-1924
Company Amt. of Dividend
Wellington Collieries  $10,000,(100
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co.    7,571,609
Granby Consolidated M.
S. & P. Co $10,761,438
Howe Sound (Britannia).... 1,587,313
B.  C. Copper  615,349
Tyee Copper Co  291,325
Hnll   Mines  187,600
Marble   Hay  175,000
Premier  $ 6,961,125
Le Rol No. 2 Ltd  1,620,000
Lo Hoi   1,476,000
War Eagle   1,245,250
Daly iteduction Co  881,570
Belmont, Surf Inlet  760,000
Carlboo-McKinney   509,337
Cariboo Gald    600,000
Surf Inlet Oold   409,453
London & B. C. Ooldflolds 360,000
i.'enre Stor  210,000
Ymir Gold   200,000
Mothorlode Sheep Creek.... 181,300
Can. Pac. Exploration   37,500
Poormnn    25,000
Pern   16,000
Standard Silver-Lend  $ 2,700,000
Payne   1,420,000
Qu. Bess, C. Cunningham .. 1,000,000
Whitewater   600,000
Slocan Star   575,000
Rambler-Cariboo   560,000
Silversmith    600,000
Idaho   400,000
North Star  37J.0O0
Can. Ooldflolds Syndicate.. 291,000
Rotallack lit Co	
Last Chance 	
St. Eugene 	
Gralena Farm, p. Clark.
Noble Five 	
Queen Bess 	
Jackson Silver Lead 	
Lucky Jim 	
Mining and Smelting
Cons. Mining & Smelting..$ 8,
Grand Total Dividends..$72,
Statistics of Tonnage Mined fan
..  30.490
.. 169,302
.. 215,944
.. 287,343
.. 554,796
.. 920,416
.. 998,999
Total 48.529.556
Tho Golden Star group, close to thc
Dunwell and L. & L. Glacier, has been
acquired hy (he Gold Ore Mining
Mining Briefs As Gleaned From
the Western Canada Mining
George druggy, of Alice Arm, who
spent three months in Vancouver anu
\ ietoria, organized the Marmot River
Alining company to develop the Montana group on Marmot river. This
property was the flrat staked in the
Marmot river section, and it is claimed to be the first of the Portland
Canal mines to ship ore to a smelter at
a profit. Angus McLeod, Stewart, will
be managing director.
Phoenix Silver Mines, whose property adjoins the Dunwell, have refused an offer of a London financial
house of $100,000 for the 300,000
shares uf stock so far issued. The
owners decided to proceed un a larger
scale with thet development of the
Discoveries on the Ji. C. Silver, controlled by the Selukewe company,
London, are of special interest to the
Salmon river area, since they prove
that the high-grade ore is not confined to any particular property.
Officers of the Northland Mining
Company, operating tho Troy group,
are; Robert L. Forrest, Minneapolis,
president; Walter C. Pope, Vancouver,
vice-president; 1_. O. Weston, of Victoria, and Neil McDonald, Stewart,
Sterling Silvor Lead Mines, Limited,
has been organized with a capital ot
$2,500,000, controlling groups formerly known as the Wire Gold, Fraser,
Crawford, Dwyer and Forks, in the
Marmot river section.
The Hobo group, rocently purchased
by Rosa & Davles, Ltd., Victoria, has
four veins of commercial ore opened
up. Compressor and tramway will be
installed this season.
A new strike of ore in No. 3 tunnel,
which does not show on the surface,
has been made on the Lakeview. New
machinery was recently installed, on
thfls property.
The Riverside, owned by a small
group of Ketchikan nnd Seattlo people, is shipping concentrates, and production is about $3,000 per day. Sixty
men are employed.
Little news has been coming out
about the Indian mine of late, but it
is, reported from Stewart that shipments of ore are to be made immediately.
Christopher R. Reid, of Kelowna.
B. C, who represents Bngllsh capital,
was a recent visitor to Portland Canal
to look over some of the properties.
It is planned to bring the Alaska
Premier, which was taken over by
Benjamin Guggenheim, New York, into) production this season.
A contract for 3,000 feet of diamond
drilling on the Daly-Alaska property
has been commenced.
Shipments of high-grade ore from
thi Terminus will be made ns soon ns
spring operations are under way.
L Ml
Large Sums Spent in Developing
Properties—Fuel Oil
Coul Mining Is an industry uf -Importance in British Columbia, but
full development has been retarded by
the Importation of fuel oil, which is
providing serious competition. The
labor troubles in tlie Crow's Nesi Pa3i$
region have greatly reduced tlie output of the mines there, but a settlement has now been reached.
The history uf mining in British
Columbia is filled with siories of sun
satiunal successes, bitter disappointments and courageous efforts. Fortunes have been missed by Indies.
Men have sunk large sums of money
In developing properties wliich thoy
have eventually dropped In disgu-a,
only to have someone else who followed them—more lucky or more skilful
—stumble upon wealth. It was su
in the case of the Premier, and lt lms
happened elsewhere.
The faith of men in "a hole hi the
ground" is inspirational, and sometimes tragical, lt is a good tiling fo
Hritish Columbia that there has 6eon
tliis faith for It has overcome obstacles and led to development, and
gradually prospectors and others interested In mining are attaining
scientific knowledge which will aid
them in their penny-matching wilh
Specially Prepared for Prospectors doing Into Dease Lake
Specially prepared for the use of
prospectors going into the Dease Lake
eountry, a map of the area prepared
by the British Columbia department
of Mines, ls proving one of the most
valuable aids those taking part in the
rush to Telegraph creek and the original strike on Gold Pan creek have
in locating the new placer fields.
The map is compiled from data
from the Geological survey of Canada,
from the department of railways and
canals, the department of lands of
B. C.j department of mines of B. C,
and from data sent in b.v H. W. Dudd,
B. C. government agent.
Dr. G. M. Dawson's survey of 1887
and J. S. O'Dwyer's survey of 1900
have been used as the basis of the
map which has been brought up to
date with information secured in surveys of 1912 and 1917 aud by Mr.
Dodd's   reports   including   those   of
i y a fi.
Tlie Gold Pan creek district, where
the strike occured is shown us
swampy, with very little timber. Tlie
creek is from GO to 200 feet wide,
with sloping banks abotif 100 feet
high to the benches above.
Castle creek, Squaw creek. Dome
creek, Grady creek, Jimmy creek and
Little Gold Pan creek are all in tho
same area.
Development Work Active—Ex-1
pect to Cut Ore This
U. C. Thompson, of the North Star
and Steiuwinder mines, at Kimberley.
has secured controlling interest in the
Alice mine, three miles north of Creston, and work resumed on the property. This mine was worked years
ago by an English company, who put
in an aerial tramway and a concentrator. Leasors operated the property for a short time smce then. It is
lead and silver.
Rossland and Trail men who leased
the Midnight claim at Rossland, and
IVho have been developing it for the
past year, have been encouraged by
striking a. rich vein of ore. This properly adjoins the 1. X. L.
The Marsh Mining Company, running through the Daybreak's ground,
hus been working steadily. This property is about twelve miles from
J. Carter and W. McBroom, of Spokane, owners of the Martin group,
eight miles from Kaslo, expect to
lake out ore and develop this summer.
Col. Armstead, of the Utica mine,
twelve miles from Kaslo, recently let
another contract to T. Garrett to continue developing this long tunnel.
The rich vein struck In the shaft ol
the Molly Hughes at about one hundred feet indicates that values continue with depth.
B.  0. Produces $810,722-782 in
Minerals—Coal Mining
PROM 1852 lu 1923, Brlt.sh Columbia has given to the world $810,-
722,782 In minerals, including $190,-
000,000 In gold; $03,000,000 silver;
$179,000,000 copper; $58,000,000 lead;
$28,000,000 zinc, and $250,000,000 coal
and coke.
Active coal mining is being carried
on chiefly on Vancouver Island, in
Nicola Valley, and in the Crow's Nest
Pass district, close to the Alberta
boundary. There are large undeveloped coal fields to the North or the
Crow's Nest Pass and in the Groundhog district to the north of the Grand
Trunk Pacific Uranch of the C. N. R.
Gold mining really began with tlie
rush to the Cariboo alluvial or place;'
fields In the early sixties, and, later,
placer areas were discovered stretching from the 49th to the fiOth parallel and beyond to the Yukon.
The most important placer gold
producing fields in British Columbia
are In the Atlin and Cariboo districts,
with smaller amounts produced from
scattered localities. The chief loilo
gold producing districts are Portland
Canal, Naas river, Skeena (Princess
Royal Island), Rossland and Osoyoos
{Hedley mine) mining divisions. Copper producing districts are at Anyox,
on Observatory Inlet, Howo Sound,
Rossland ami Boundary.
The MINERAL PROVINCE of Western Canada
Has produced Minerals as follows: Placer Gold, $77,382,953; Lode Gold, $118,473,190; Silver, $68,824,579; Lead, $70,548,578:
Copper, $187,489,378; Zinc, $32,171,497; Miscellaneous Minerals, $1,431,349; Coal and Coke, $260,880,048; Building Stone, Brick,
Cement, etc., $42,225,814; making its Mineral Production to the and of 1924 show an
Aggregate Value of    -    -    $859,427,386
Production for Year Ending December, 1924    -    -    -    $48,704,604
Any who are interested in authoritative information regarding mining properties situated in the Province, are referred to
the Annual Report of the Honourable the Minister of Mines
Thu all. nil..n tir mlnlim corporations placing stook on the market is directed
to Sections l« unci 17 or tlie "Mineral Survey and Development Aci," which read:
ifi. "Ka-vh Resident Engineer shall, upon receiving notice oC any ud vor Used or
solloltod mile or shares In nny company or In nny claim or mine or mineral property
Whatsoever, upon statements or terniH not In accordance with actual facts and conditions) notify the Minister of Minos, who upon Investigation may, ir found neces-
nary, glVO flUch notices, cither personal or public;, as may he nocessary to prevent
any Injury to Investors; und every notice given under this section hy the Minister of
Milieu Hiniii bo absolutely privileged.
17.    "(I.|    Wher.. a  corporation,  other than a   private  oompany  under the
'(.umpunlCH Act,' acquires un Interest Jn or title to, or engages in work on any
mining property situate ln a mineral survey district, It shall forthwith notify tho
Resident Kngineer of that District, and file with him full particulars thereof, and
shall ulso file witli him as soon as it Is Issued, a copy of every prospectus or statement In lieu of prospectus which is required hy the 'Companies Act' to he filed
with tho llogistrur of Companies.
"(2) If a corporation makes a default In complying with any requirement of
this section, it shnll be liable, on summary conviction, lo a fine not exceeding
twenty-flve dollars for every day during which the default continues, und evory
director and every manager of tho corporation who knowingly and wilfully authorizes or permits the default shall be liable to the liko penalty."
Page Five.,;
Per Ton, Delivered
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
Communism In IJ. S. Schools
West   Baden,   Ind.—Mrs.   John   D.
Sherman, of Estes Pnrk, Colo., presi-
[ dent   of  the   General   Foderation   of
I Women's Cluhs, spenking before this
I board of directors of the federation,
| said that soviet Russia is attempting
to     spread     communistic     doctrines
! among young Americans of grammar-
school    age.      They    were    working
through  an   organization   known   as
the    Young   Workers'    League,    she
stated.    Apparently   the   capitalistic
doctrines were failing in their appeal
to the minds of the rising generation.
Thc   appeal   of   selfishness   Is   losing
.while tho desire to co-operate with
I and serve their follows is ever grow-
I Ing day by day.   Sinco capitalism has
nothing  moro   to   offer,   tho   young
minds must look elsewhere.
Think of lt. Mon begging for work
and their wives and children starving
j In this land of plenty! People starving because there is too much food-
Naked, because there ls too much
clothing- Homeless, becauso there
are too many houses!—Robert Ingersoll.
Fhoit Sty. 1108. 312 CABBALL ST.
EltiMlohol 1III
Antique Clocks, Chronographs, te.
Weather Glasses
[By  Charles  Hill-Tout,   F.   R,   S.   CV'al characteristic but an acquired one.
Meets second Monday in the montk.    Pre-
•Id-nt.   J.  R.  White;  aucretnry,  R. H.  NmI-
andl. P. 0. Box 66.	
819 Ponder St. West—Businoii mootiiifts
1st nnd 3rd Wednesday evening*, R. il.
Ni'i-lnnds, Chairman; E. H. Morrison, See.-
Treas.; Angus Maclnnis, 3544 Princo Edward Street, Vancouvor, B. C, Corresponding Socrotary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
information ro socurlng speakers or tho formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary J. Lylo Tolford, 524 Birks Bldg., Vancouvor, B. 0.
I Telephone Soymour 1382. or Bayvlew 5520.
second Thursday every month fn Holden
Building. President, J. Brtghtwell; financial
aeoretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
and third Fridays In eaoh month, at 448
Richards Street. Prosldent, David Cuthlll,
2852 Albert Street; secretary-troasaror, Oeo.
Harrison. 1182 Parker Street.
of Steam aud Operating, Local 882—
Meets every Wodnesday at 6 p.m., Room
806 Holden Rldg. President, Charles Priee;
husiness asent snd financial secretary, F. L.
Hunt;    recording secretary, J. T. Vonn.
UNION,   Local   146,   A. V.  of M.—Moots
lln Cotillion Halt, corner of Davio anil Gran-
f villi*   streets,   second   Sundny   at   10   a.m.
President   B.   A.   Jamleson,   ottl   Nelson
Street; Secretary, J. W. Allen, 001 Nolson
Street; Flnanelal Secretory, W, E. Williams,
901 Nolson Street; Orgnnizer, F. Fletcher,
891 Nelson Street.	
ATION—Meots at 1)91 Nelwn Stroet, at 11
a-m* on the TuesdaT preceding the 1st Sunday of tbe month. President, Harry Pearson,
091 Nelson Stroet; Secretary, E. A, Jamie-
aon, 991 Nolson Stroet; Dutilness Agent, F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—President, R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president. C.
P. Campbell j io cretary treisum, R. H. Xt*
lands, P. 0, Box 66. Moets last Sunday of
eaoh month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, 10
Hastings Street East,	
UNION,  No.  413—President,   S. D.  Maedonald,   spcrotsry-tnaiurer,  J.  M.  Campbell,
P. 0. Box 089.   lleeta last Thursday of eaeh
F. R. A. I. etc.]
(All Rights Reserved)
CHAPTER XXIV (Continued)
TT7E saw ln Chapter X how strong
" were the regenerative powers of
somo ot the lower life-forms; that
Child, for example, was able to bring
into existence new fully-formed planarians from small bits of these creatures; and that Hydra could renew itself from the tiniest particle of Its
own body that had been strained
through a cheese-cloth,
It is undeniable that the more lowly
life-forms, both plant and animal,
possess this power of reconstructing
lost parts and of renewing themselves.
Exactly to what extent this regenerative power is latent in the somatic
cells of the higher Hfe-forms has
never yet beon definitely demonstrated; but the case bf the stork regenerating the lost portion of Its bill,
cited in the tenth chapter, would seem
to show that the somatic-cells retain
potentially the powers of the original
germ-cell from which they are der
ived; and that in certain abnormal
circumstances these latent powers be
come active and manifest themselvea
in relatively highly-organized life-
The greatest opposition to Wels-
mann's gorm-coll theory, which has
practically dominated biology for
nearly two generations, comes from
physiologists. They are not willing
to admit that the germ-cells aro so
absolutely differentiated and insulated
from tho body-cells, or vice versa, as
Weismann claimed. Child has pointed out that in somo of his experiments
certain somatic cells, after they had
become distinctly differentiated into
muscle-cells, lost this definite character and returned to a germinal condition.
Now it becomes quite clear that if
this kind of reversion on the part of
differentiated cells can take place—
and on this point there appears to be
no doubt—it is quite conceivable and
possible that new germ-cellB might
arise from soma-cells In this manner;
and thus a mechanism or way would
be provided for the transmission of
acquired bodily characters, or for the
effects of Use and Disuse.
Vfo know that among plants this
can and does come to pass. Begonia,
for instance, can reproduce itself from
the smallest part of one of its own
leaves, and the leaves of many other
kinds of plants can do the same. We
havo therefore to admit ln the case
of these plants either that the leaf-
tissues contain undifferentiated germ-
plnsm or that soma-cells can give rise
to germ-cells. And when we leave the
world of plants and enter the animal
world, Kammerer's experiments with
frogs, newts, salamanders and asci-
dians make It very clear that the same
power lies in the soma-cells of animals.
Kammeror belongs to that school
of biologists who believo that environment has more to do with the calling forth of new functions and bodily
modifications, that are of a transmissible nature, than Welsmann's
theory of the independence and insulation of the germ-plasm admits; and
he set himself tho task of proving his
The most noteworthy of his experiments along thoso linos include the
restoration of the lost vision of the
blind newts; changes in the coloration of certain salamanders; and modifications in tiie tissues of the organs
of sea-squirts; all of which were
shown to bo heritable by tho offspring of thoso animals in tho following generation.
The newt Proteus is blind by nature
becnuso of Its ll'Vhablts. It passes
Its existence In dark subterranean
caverns. Kammeror, by alternately
exposing some of these animals to
ordinary sunlight nnd to artificial
light (red) succeeded ln redeveloping
both thoir eyes and their sight. He
found that by interbreeding these modified newts, thoir offspring in the
flrst generation possessed normal eyes
and vision. Theso cavern newts had Inherited blindness from a long line of
ancestors and this tack of eyes and
sight was thus clearly a transmissible
quality and could only havo arisen
from non-use, unless we suppose they
wore specially created sightless for
existence in dark caverns. Tf wo take
this view then Kammerer's experiment shows conclusively that altered
conditions of life can change the organs of tho body and that these
changes can lie transmitted to and
inherited by the offspring.
Rut Weismnnnlnns are evolutionists
and would never allow special Creation of this It Ind for a moment,
Noither would thoy allow the caso to
be ono of accjulstloti of now characters; but merely the restoration or a
lost ono. The remote ancestors of
Proteus wore for thom creatures with
normal eyes and vision.
But in taking this position'thoy
seem to havo lost sight of tho fact
that they are hanging themselves on
tho other horn of tho dilemma. For
It must necessarily follow that If Pro-
tous bo descended from newts which
originally ppBsesBod normal eyes and
vision, tho modern sightless-nowtB
must Inherit sightlessness In eaoh generation. There has thus been a transmission here of blindness, which on
their own showing was not an origin-
Proteus was clearly either brought
originally Into existence eye-lese and
blind, or it possessed eyes and sight
like other animals. If the former
view be held then by gaining eyes
and sight, they had acquired new
characters which they were able to
pass on to their offspring. If the
latter view be taken then they had
transmitted thc acquired character of
blindness to their offspring. Thus
whichever way one looks at the mat
ter there ls no- escape from the con
elusion that there has been an acquisition of new characters, which In each
case have been transmitted to the
next generation.
But, Kammerer was not content to
rest his claims on one set of experiments alone; he undertook others;
this time with Salamanders as subjects.
The Firo Salamander Is normally
Inky black in color with yellow markings consisting of irregularly distributed yellow spots. Now if these
spotted salamanders be kept ln an
environment with a black background,
that is, in black surroundings, those
yellow spots In a few years gradually
disappear and the creatures become
wholly black; thus showing that external conditions can affect the color
ation of their bodies. Conversely lf
they are kept ln a yellow environment
the yellow spoU; arc. seen to melt into
each othor, and ln a few years yellow
becomes the dominant color of the
animal's body. By interbreeding
black with black and yellow with
yellow It was shown that the young
of these modified salamanders inherited the newly acquired color characters of their parents and passed them
on likewise to their progeny.
Surely we have here a clear case of
the acquisition, transmission and Inheritance of new characters.
But, Kammerer was still not satis-
fled. Desiring to remove all possible
doubt about the matter he Instituted
another set of experiments, this time
with Siona intestlnalls, one of the
aBddlans or sea-squirts. This animal
has a habit of anchoring itself to the
bottom of the sea by Ub stolons which
nre very like the "holdfasts" of the
sea-weed. Its outstanding features
are two siphon-like organs whioh ox-
tend from the head of its cylindrical
body. The longer of these siphons is
the ora! or Inhalant one; the shorter >s
the anal or exhalant one. It draws
in the water with the one and emits
it through the other after extracting
the nourishing particles it contains.
Low down in its body lie the intestines and the generative organs. Theae
latter consist of a hermaphrodite
gland, Siona being a bisexual animal.
This creature has astonishing regenerative powers, and lends itself
readily to experiments of the kind
Kammeror contemplated. Thus If the
tops of the siphons be cut off they
speedily grow again becoming a little
longer than before. Repeated amputations on the same specimen finally
resulted In an elongation of the tubes
much beyond the normal length, the
successive new growths exhibiting a
jointed appearance.
By breeding with these modified
specimens it was found lhat the offspring ln tho next generation had
siphons of abnormal length, but that
the jointed features seen in the parent
had in the young forms been smoothed  out.
Here   again   there  seems   to   be
clear   case   of   the   acquisition   and
transmission of new characters.
The Welsmanninn school of opinion
met this new experiment with the
objection that tho transmission of the
elongated siphons to the offspring
might be accounted for by regarding
tho relation between the soma-cells
and germ-plasm as not yet fully and
entirely severed; that the insulation
of the lattor from the formor was
imperfect ln this instance; and thus
tho germ-plasm had boen affected by
the bodily mutilation and so was able
to pass on tlie modification to thc
offspring. In other words thoy would
not allow that the independence of the
germ-plasm claimed by Weismann
had been In any way impugned by
these experiments.
To prove that tlie transmission of
tho elongated siphons was not brought
about, as his opponents claimed, by
the Intervention of the germ-plasm
stored in the generative organs, Kammerer now amputated the whole of
the lower part of tlie sea-squirt containing tlie generative organs, leaving to tho mutilated creature only
that part of Its body which carried
the elongated siphons.
From this upper portion tho specimen reconstructed Itself afresh, growing a new lower pnrt with mnv intestines and new generative organs; and
when later tills regenerated creature
produced young it was found that they
had inherited the elongated siphons
of the parent as before.
Those experiments seem to (ihow
conclusively thnt all lho powers pos-
sossQd*by the gormplnsm lli> dormani
in evory cell of tho body, and cnn nl
times and under certain unusual conditions bo called forth and brought
Into activity. When wo romemhor
that evory somatic-cell of which the
body Is composed, has boon derived
from the original germ-cell by division of Its substance, there Is nothing
unreasonable or Impossible In this
view of the matter; indeed it does nol
seem  reasonable  to   expect  that   lt
should be otherwise.
If these conclusions be granted, as
it seems they must be, then it follows
as a natural corollary that transmission of acquired characters can
snd does take place; and that Weismann went too far in declaring that
no bodily modifications arising from
without can be passed on.
It should be added that these experiments of Kammerer do not stand
alone. Many similar experiments
have been carried out by other Investigators; and some at least of Kammerer's experiments have been confirmed by Durkhem and Pavlov. Other
experiments along somewhat different lines have alBo been carried out.
Thus Doctors Ouyer and Smith instituted a series of experiments of their
own that appear to lead very decidedly to the conclusion that there is a
way or mechanism by which the
germ-plasm or heredity material may
be modified by external agencies, as
well as by i the spontaneous changes
from within postulated by Weismann.
Guyer himself thus remarks in this
connection: "No one today, qualified
by his knowledge of embryology nnd
genetics to the right of an opinion,
would think, deny that the new organism is in the main the expression
of what was In the germ-line, rather
than what It got directly from the
body of its parents; but does this fact
necessarily carry with it the implication that the germ is Insusceptible to
modification from without? Is not
the serum of organisms possessing
blood or lymph an excellent medium
through which external influences
may operate upon it? Is it not more
reasonable to postulate the origination of germinal changes through
some such mechanism as this than to
attribute lt to mysterious 'spontaneous changes?"
The experiments of Guyer and
Smith were carried on with various
kinds of Sera. Thus, for example,
they took the lensos of newly-killed
rabbits and pulped them thoroughly
in a mortar and diluted tho pulp with
normal saline solution. A small quantity of this immulsion was then injected intraperitoneal^ or Intravenously Into each of several fowls. Four
or five weekly treatments with this
lens-immulslon were given. A week
or ao after the last injection the blood-
serum of one or more of theso fowls
was used for injection into pregnat
The rabbits had been so bred as to
have the young advanced to about the
tenth day of .pregnancy; since from
the tenth to the thirteenth day seems
to be a particularly important period
in the dovelopment of the lens. It is
at that period growing rapidly and
ls then surrounded by a rich network of blood-vessels that later disappear. A certain quantity of this
prepared fowl-serum, was injected at
intervals into the veins of the pregnant rabbits. Several of these died
from the effects of the serum and
many of the young were killed in
utero. But of sixty-one surviving
young from mothers so treated, four
had one or both eyes conspicuously
affected and five others had eyes
clearly abnormal; and lt was found
later that many of those which ln
the earlier period of their lives had
seemed normal, developed defects in
the lens or other parts of their eyes.
That these defects in the eyes of the
young rabbits were true Inheritances
was proved by mating defective-eyed
males with normal females unrelated
to the stock used for the experiments.
The first generation produced by
this crossing all had normal oyes;
but when females from this genera
Uon wero mated With defective-eyed
males again the resultant offspring
were defectivo-eyed.
As pointed out by Guyer it is obvious theso defectivo characters could
only have beon conveyed through the
germ-cells of tho male and therefor
thc abnormality is an example of true
inheritance. Ho furthor remarks
'The point T wish to emphasize is that
a certain specif'c effect has beon produced; und, what Is of greator moment, once the condition Is established
it may not be merely transmitted but
inherited. Whother tho lens of tho
uterine young is first changed and
then In turn Induces a chango ln lens-
producing antecedents In tho germ-
cells of these young, or whethor the
specific antibody simultaneously affects the eyes and the gorm-cells of
the young, is not clear. In any event
It is evident that thore is somo constitutional Identity betweon the substance of the mature organ in question and the material antecedents of
such an organ as It exists in tho germ.
Biologically considered the most significant fact Is that specific antibodies can Induce specific modifications In lho germ-cell. . . Truly
one may pronounce that social complex of reciprocating Ivfllvjiftato
termed cells, which make up an organism, "members one of another."
And with all these co-operntlvo activities of the various ports of the
body It Is Inconcolveable to me, at
least, that the germ-eclls, bathed In
the same fluid, nourished ,-Uh tin-
same food, stand wholly apart.
Mny wo not surmise, thon, that as
regards Inheritance and ovohillnn,
Lamarck was not. Wholly In error
when he stressed the importance of
uso and disuse of a.part, or of modifications due to environmental ohatlgo,
In altering tho courso of tho hereditary stream, particularly If wo conceive of these Influences as being
prolonged, posslldy over many generations? Have we not In tho Serological mechanism of tho body of
animals an adequate menns for the In
citement of the germinal changes
which underlie certain aspects of
This very reasonable conclusion
reached by Guyer, it may be added,
receives strong support from a long
series of other, more or less, similar
experiments. And while Welsmann's
main concept of the germ-plasm, as
the material basis by which our hered
itable qualities and characters are
passed on, remains unimpaired and
very rightly still holds the biological
field; it would seem that his second
ary theory of the Independence and
insulation of the germ-plasm from the
other cells of the body can no longer
be maintained without, considerable
It ls ln questions of this kind that
differences of opinion arise among
biologists; and one can see that in
dealing with this aspect of the evolutionary problem such differences from
the very nature of the subject, are
almost Inevitable.
But as our modern experimental
methods come more and more to replace the theoretical methods of the
past, as they are now fast doing,
many If not all of these differences
will gradually disappear as our knowledge Increases and we get a clearer
insight Into the actuating factors
which underlie organic evolution.
Brandon Opera Company at
the Orpheum
The tuneful comic opera "The Pirates of Penzance," the third offering
of the Brandon opera company at the
Orpheum theatre, served a double
purpose to the music lovers and
theatre-goers of Vancouver and vicinity. Miss Ethel Codd, a new prima
donna, made her debut on Monday
evening, in the leading soprano role.
Her grace, stage presence and wonderful voico immediately endeared her
to the audience and she sang her way
into the hearts of all, who were fortunate enough to be present. The entire company gave a most satisfying
performance of "The Pirates" which
is regarded as the cream of Gllbert'i-
humor and satire and Sullivan's catchy lyrics, prominent among them being "Poor Wandering One" and "The
Sollicking Policeman's Lot Is Not o
Happy One."
Next week starting Monday, Juno
8th, will be mother week of Gilbert
and Sullivan when the perronnlal favorite "The Mikado" will be the offering. "The Mikado" and, in fact,
all the works of Gilbert and Sullivan
aro replete with music that is as much
wound up in the home life of the
Anglo-Saxon race as are the sayings
of Shakespeare. For a young boy or
girl not to hear and know "The Mikado" would be as sorry a matte' as nol
to read 'Robinson Cruso" or learn
tho story of "Cinderelln". It becomes
therefor'. :: pleasure and a duty to
hear thd Urandon opera company In
revivals of these comic opera gems.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
To live straightforwardly by your
own labor ls to be at peace with thp
world. To live on the labor of others
Is not only to render your life false
at home, but lt is to encroach upon
those around you, to incite resistance
and hostility.—Edward Carpenter.
The Federatlonist ls out to heli
the workers, There is no noblei
work. Join us ln the fight. Ge'
your friends to subscribe.
Canada's Finest
Pipe Tobacco
Put Up in Four Sizes at
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(* iNcoapoftATED ^ if nwv lew*       % "B \
, Child-Welfare Council, Chile
A superior council of child protection, created in Santiago to co-ordinate public and private child-welfare
work, will consider problems relating
to eugenics, maternity, and infant and
child welfare;  promote nursing and
social work; organize national child-
welfare congresses; and work with
other organizations in Chile and
abroad having similar aims.
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help get new subscribers.
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Till tdTorUfomont Is not published or dl_pltyo_ 0, tbt Liquor Control Bout or
by tbo OoTonunent of Brltlih Oolumbio
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50   5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, aa well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, by undersigned.
THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE BRITISH TRADE UNION DELEGATION TO RUSSIA-234 pages, with Maps and Illustrations. Price, $1.50
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______ Page Six
FRIDAY June  5,   19_E
Farmer - Labor
The time has come when these two great groups must unite-
There must be a greater understanding of each others problems
THERE never was a time in the history of the Dominion of Canada when the Farmers
Were finding it harder to bear up under their burdens than they are today. Why
do such conditions exist? There is to be found in this Province of British Columbia
soil that is unsurpassed for its productivity; a climate that is well adapted for the growing of an unlimited variety of farm products; the farmers themselves are a thrifty, industrious, hard-working group. As the result of all this, there are grown in this province
fruit and vegetables and other farm products, world famed for their quality and appearance.,
in spite of all this, such a state of affairs as is depicted in the following, taken from
the Duncan report, published by the Department of Labor of the Dominion of Canada, exists.
Extract from a letter from A. C. Stephens at Vernon, who was collecting Summerland
"To W. E. Carruthers, Nash Supervisor, Calgary, Alta.:
"I sure stepped into a nest of hornets there, without knowing where I was going till I was up agaihst them. The way
feeling is running down there it is a wonder I got anything at
all. Charlie Brosi was well spoken of, and the mutual organization generally, but it was largely a matter of a lot of them being
right up against it, watching their families starving, and" they
just naturally turned 'red.' It is a bad time to ask a man for
money or for a note."
Another extract: Mr. Snow, of Mutual Limited (Vancouver), writing to Carruthers, states as follows: "The writer is
meeting the local growers daily, who are talking as though they
were a bunch of starved Russian refugees."
Mr. Snow, to Mr. Carruthers, further quotes: "Do not think
for a moment it gives the writer any pleasure to advance money
to the growers. We would have been much better today if we
did not have to worry about some of the advances we are con-
" tinually being asked for. You ask if they are absolutely broke
at Victoria. We do not see any difference between the Growers
over there and those in any other place, only that they are just
bent, not broke."
The people who have been living off tii* farmer and the industrial worker have been
playing the one against the other. Long tirades have appeared in the public press for the
consumption of the farmer, pointing out the short working hours and high wages which the
city worker, it is claimed, through the medium of his various trade unions, has been able
to command. This was the "red herring" that was drawn across the trail to divert the attention of the farmer from his real exploiters.
When, as is admitted by all, there is such a marked difference in price between that
paid by the worker for the farmer's products, and that received by the farmer for those
products, it is evident that the worker is little, if any, better off. It is obvious that a large
amount of this "spread" is being absorbed along the way and in a manner that works
equally to the disadvantage of both the worker and the farmer alike. Evidently the farmer
is beginning to see this, as is shown by the following communication received by the Duncan
Commission from a grower:
«* * * a rancher's investment brings him no interest, small or large, and his time is
counted for nothing. Yet we go to Vancouver and elsewhere and see with our own eyes
our fruit being sold at very high prices—yet we dare not spend a cent other than for dire
necessities. * * * We must go on working or let our ranches die, or go elsewhere and
earn money, as several are doing right here (I could give their names) to live and pay help
to keep the trees alive."
Another thing that the farmer is beginning to see is the benefits that accrue to him
through co-operation. The following extract from the Duncan report: "The producers of
British Columbia may be classified as organized and unorganized, and are known as co-operatives and independents. The co-operative associations, which represent an achievement in
organization, have made possible what slight amelioration there has been in the condition of
the growers. The independents are enabled in some cases to avoid c-tain of the overhead
to which the co-operatives are subject, but, in so doing, they take the benefits created by
their fellow-growers without contributing to the cost; and, in many cases, by their unregulated marketing seriously disorganize the market for both parties. Like some fungus, they
sap* the strength of the tree which shelters them."
The problem that confronts alike the farmer and the industrial worker is how to free
themselves from the control of the big financial interests that are today robbing them of
the fruits of their labor, without rendering any necessary service to society. As the necessary factors in production, there are two parallel paths by which the farmer and the worker
must proceed to become the masters of their own destiny. First, through co-operation in the
production and distribution of the fruits of their labor. Second, by co-operating upon the
political field, securing control of the various legislative bodies.
A Dominion election is a possibility during this year, and must come in 1926. As a first
step, the farmers should organize on a political basis for the purposes of united action on
their own behalf. It is a case of "their minding their own business." They have allowed
the old-time politicians to run their affairs quite long enough and now they should take a
hand in it themselves.
We are quite sure that labor will meet them more than half way. We would suggest
that the matter of organization of the farmers be left in their own hands. They understand
the conditions as they exist in their own localities and can the better organize to meet their
particular needs. With a programme of co-operation they will, undoubtedly, find that labor
will be more than ready and willing to co-operate with them.
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST does not attempt to lay down a programme or platform
for either the farmers or the industrial workers. Sufficient for us is it if they accept the
principle of co-operation as opposed to individual action. The actual policy will be worked
out as time goes on. However, we are anxious for n di^crssion on this matter by the farmers, and we would suggest that they write to THE B. C. FEBEItATIONIST, giving us
their various viewpoints and suggestions. It is by an interchanging of ideas that we hope to
make any advancement along the lines of real progress.
MH "   vISHilllilifllgllllEIBIl'lllilill
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Census of Workers.—The British
government la now engaged in making
a comprehensive survey and census to
ascertain the number of operative
workers in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the wages received
by them.
Subsidizing Industry.—A committee
Is now being formed by the federation
of British Indusries to examine the
proposals for alternative methods of
relieving unemployment by devoting
the money at present expended on
the dole to the purpose of subsidizing
industry and thereby enabling employers to give a larger measure of
Unemployment.-—Among the 11,-
500,000 workpeople insured against
unemployment in Great Britain under the unemployment insurance acts,
the percentage of unemployed on
March 23, 1925, was 11.4 compared
with 11.6 per cent on February 23,
1925, and 9.9 per cent, on March 24,
Few Building Apprentices.—Ten
and three tenths per cent, of the boys
and 8.2 per cent, of the girls now
leaving school at Duesseldorf desire
to take up commercial business training, and 13.3 per cent, of the girls
wish to become shop-girls, making
It evident that this will result in an
overcrowding of commercial occupations. On the other hand it is unfavorable that only few boys choose
tho building trades and other professions of importance to the Rhenish
Senmen's Relief Act.'—Under tho
terms of a law recently enacted by
the Reichstag the decree for the relief of unemployed seamen, of Ootober 30, 1924, which was to expire
this spring, is extended for an unlimited period.
Mine   Workers.—During   the   past
five years the number of persons engaged in the mining of coal Increased
from 24,944 to 30,000.
Colonization Schemes.—Current reports indicate the possible colonization in Paraguay of Japanese and
German immigrants.
"Baby Fnrnis," Pennsylvania
Infant boarding homes in Pennsylvania must now be licensed by the
state department of public welfare,
according to provisions of a "Baby
Farm" act recently signed by the
governor. The licenses must first bo
approved by tho local health authorities, or, in the smaller towns and
villages, by the person or agency designated by the welfare department. The
act also provides for the registration
of all childron in boarding homes.
Infant Mortality, Scotland
Ninety-eight out of overy 1,000 babios born in Scotlnnd In 1924 died bofore reaching their first birthday, according to tho latest report of the
Scottish registrar-general. The birth
rato for 1924 was tho lowest recorded
sinco the war. Tho United States infant mortality rate was 77 per 1,
births in  1923.
Wealth alono  never will  nor  can
sustain a State.—Joseph Cowen.
Health Teaching, England
Public-health pictures are shown
on one of tho busy streets of the
Borough of Bermondsey (London)
(jyery day from 7 a. m. till 11 at night
under the direction of the medical
officer of health. A short rhyme is
attached to each picture emphasizing
and explaining its meaning. The public health department alao has a
moving-picture van which is sent
about the city showing films on health
subjects. A lecturer travels with tho
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
I can only hope that, as time passes
and our people become better educated, they will be more just, and that
in the future all that love freedom in
England will hold converse with all
that love freedom elsewhere, become
united in soul, and make together
every possible effort for the advancement of the liberties and the happiness of man-kind.—The late John
Bright, M.P.
If you are really in sympathy
with labor, be a booster. The
Federationist ia out to do its bit.
Help it.
Lahorltos will be greatly helping
tlio Labor Movement by pushing tho
sale of The B. O. Fedemtlonlst.
Third Street and First Street Concrete
SEALED TENDERS, marked "Tender for
Third Slroot" and "Tondor for Pint
Street" enncrctn paving, respectively, will
bo received by R. P. Archibald, City Clerk,
at tbo City Hall, North Vancouvor, up to 4
o'clock p.m. <m Juno 16th, 1925, for con*
Mt met ing a concroto pavement on Third
Stroot nnd Cotton Road from Hoywood
Avenuo tn tho Lynn Creok stool highway
brldgo, nnd on the north sido of First
Street from Rogers Avenue to thu Inno east
of Lot 20, Block 150, D. L. 274, City of
North   Vnncouver.
Forms of tender, specifications, goneral
■.■.unlitions, agreement and bond forms, togethor with plans, may ho obtained upon
application to tho City Engineer of North
Vancouvor upon payment of tho Bum of
$ 10,00, which umount will bo refunded
when pJttns and specifications, otc, are returned In good ordor.
Kncli tonder must he accompanied by an
nceeptod bank cheque on a chartered bank
of Cuuada, made payable to the City Treasurer, for ten per cont. (10%) of the
nmount of Btich tondor, which shall bo forfeited if tho successful tenderer declines to
enter Into n contract when called upon to
do so. Tho choques of unsuccessful tenderers will bo roturned to them upon execution of tho contract.
Tenders must bo maia out on forms supplied by tbo City Engineer and shall bo
Kigned with the actual signaturo of the
The lowest or any tondor not necessarily
City Engineer.
City Hall.
North Vancouver,  B.C.,
Juno 2nd,   1925.
Tenders for Fire Apparatus
THK undersigned will receive tenders up
to 12 o'clock noon, Wednesdny, Juno
17th next, for tho supply of ono 800 Imperinl Gallon Motor Tumping Fire Englno
wilh Ncmi-pneiimntic tiros on rear and
pnenmntlc tin's In front, not less than 70
A.L.A.M, H.l\ Sales tnx nnd customs
duties to be Included in tendered price,
A mnrked chnqtio on n chnrterod bank of
Canada, equal to 5 per cent, of bid, must
accompany tender. *
Specifications cnn bo obtained by np-
plying to Fire Chiof Carlisle at No. 2 Firo
Hull,  .Seymour SIreet, Vancouver.
Purchasing Agent.
Manifesto and Platform
Federated Labor Party of B.C.
THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and the collective ownership and democratic control of the means   of  wealth  production.
Private ownership of the means of wealth production (lands,
forests, mines, fisheries, mills and factories), is the basis of the present
system of society. The ownership of these natural resources and the
machinery of production is vested in a small minority of the people,
who, because of this ownership, constitute the real rulers of the
country—the ruling class.
This class ownership of the means of life, with the restrictions anjV' *
appropriation of the fruits of labor necessarily following it, is the root
cause of the present insecurity and privation suffered bj the working class.
The large-majority of the people—the working class—being property less, must obtain the necessities of life through the only channel
open to them, i.e., by Belling their labor power. The only condition
upon which they can do so is that a profit must accrue to the owning
clnss from the process. Profits for the few and not the needs of the
many is the motive underlying production.
The farmer, despite the semblance of ownership which appears
from the occupancy of the land and the machinery with which he*
works it, is in approximately the same position as the propertylesB
wage-worker. The wage-worker sells his labor power direct to the
capitalist class for a price (wages), and that which he produces belongs to the party employing him or her. The farmer converts Es
labor power into other commodities, (wheat, oats, etc.), which he
must dispose of in the open market, having little or no control over the
disposal of his product. The result of his toil passes into the hands of
the* capitalist class in rent, interest and profit just as surely and completely as does the product of the labor of the wage-worker, which he
(the wage-worker) leaves in the mill or factory when the whistle blows
at the end of the day.
The production and distribution of the things essential to our
needs has reached a stage of development in which it requires the
active cooperation of practically all the productive forces*in society;'
social production has superseded individual production. Our ultimate
objective is, therefore, the collective ownership of things collectively
produced and collectively UBed. The need and well-being of society
must be the regulator of production.
The present ruling class maintains its ownership in the means of
life and consequent exploitation of thc workers through its control of
the powers of the state. This present system of government is controlled by the same class which controls the industries, and hence
is used in their interests. Under these conditions the welfare of the
masses is a subordinate consideration.
Realizing this, it logically follows that the working class can not
improve their condition in any permanent way until they assume the
powers and functions of the sitate. This can be accomplished in this
country by taking advantage of our politieal privileges and electing
working-class representatives to all legislative and administrative
bodies.  Thc working class itself must be its own emancipator.
Taking into consideration the international aspect of the development of capitalism and thc interdependence of each country upon all
other countries for even the partial functioning of the productive
forces that obtain to-day, we realize the impossibility of the working
class of any one country—even if the entire government was within
its control—formulating and carrying out, unaided, a complete programme of socialisation. We therefore pledge our support and cooperation to all groups, of whatever nationality, having similar aims.
The Federated Labor Party will support all legislative measures
having for their purpose the betterment of the condition of the working class, but we maintain, that so long as the workers are content t&
sell their life's energy in the market they must accept the conditions'
whieh the fluctuation of that market entails.
The present productive forces of society are quite sufficient to supply our every need and comfort; but thc present system of production
and appropriation denies to the great mass of tho people the bare
necessities of life. While tho few revel in wealth and luxury, millions are done to death by slow starvation. Knowledge of the cause
of this phenomenon is absolutely essential to intelligent action.
* Class ownership of tho means of production; elass appropriation of
the social product of labor, is the cause of this denial to the workers
of an opportunity to participate in the fruits of thcir labor.
Collcc'ivo ownership of the means of production; sooial appropriation of that whieh is socially produced, is the only means to end exploitation.
In the foregoing we have given an outline as brief and concise as
possible of the basis of present-day society.
The Federated Labor party as a socialist party holds that the difficulties which the working class is laboring under can, only be removed
by a change in our economic system. For this reason we do not put
forward any lengthy list of immediate aims. t
By working class we mean all of thq people who must labor by
hand or by brain and have no other means of support,
Tho function of the party is to organize and educate the workers
along political lines as thc surest and safest way to get control of the
powers of government. Once having secured that power it will be
used to liberate where it is now used to oppress.
Changes come slowly as the people learn slowly and to try and
force changes before the mass of the people are ready for them will
ony defeat the end we have in view.
Before the workers can advance to power they must gain confidence in their own ability as organizers, legislators and administrators;
and tho best way to create that confidence is by contesting the election to every elective office.
On the platform, around the council table or in the legislature we
shall put forward and work for the passing of such reforms as the
workers think necessary for the strengthening of their position, but ■
our ultimate goal is the socialist state.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401*108 Metropolitan  Building
837 Halting) St. W.,   VANCOUVEB,  B.O.
Telephones: Seymour fiooc aad 8667
Jfr&tr&trd ftabnr %\t\xl_ of l.ffl.
/, the undersigned, endorse and subscribe to the furtherance of the
declared objects of the Parts and agree io be governed bs ihe
Constitution thereof.
•   ■*_
Name  *•*	
Phone No.*	
Proposed  fcji...


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