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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 8, 1918

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Array i'JOV   >    1918'
THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUBTBIAL UNITT: BTE1N«TH   •**■** OFFICIAL PAPBE: VANCOUVEB TEADES AND LABOB COUN JIL, ANT B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB up     POLITICAL UNITY-  VI0TOBT
TENTH YEAR.   No. 45
EIGHT PAGES
IX.
SIGN UP ANOTHER ISUPREME SACRIFICE
Trades   Council   Appoint
President and Secretary
on Strike Committee
Four of Strikers Die From
Attacks of Spanish
Influenza
Two most important events have occurred this weok in connection with the
laundry strike. One is tho decision of
tho Trades and Labor Council execu*
tivo to appoint Presidont Winch and
Secretary Midgloy to represent tho
council on the striko committeo. This
decision is bound to have a most important effoct on the progress of the
strike. The Labor unions have shown
their sympathy with the Laundry Workers, by the liberality with which thoy
have subscribed to tho strike fund
started by the council; but, so far, they
have dono so without boing in the position to acquire first-hand information
on the situation. Tho addition of President Winch and Secrotary Midgley to
tho strike committee will remedy that.
Moreover, this decision is bound to
havo a great effect on tho position of
the laundry proprietors. Hitherto they
havo known by tho subscriptions thftt
Labor has taken a great intorest in tho
strike; but so far as their knowledge
was concerned, it ended thore.
"These appointments will convince
thom that if necessary, Labor is prepared to take a more activo part to secure a satisfactory settlement. Tho
first thing to do, of course, is to find
out what is tho actual attitudo of tho
laundry owners; to find out whother the
position they have assumed is due to
misapprehension as to tho intentions of
tho union; or whethor, on the other
hand, they aro uncompromisingly op*
posed to the principle of the "closed
shop." To this end, Bro. Midgley has
been appointed to act with Bro. Carter
and Mr. Graves of thc Laundry Workers ub a delegation to the owners and
interviews will take placo as soon as
appointments can bo made. On the result of theso interviews the future action will bo determined. Tho officials
of the council have been meeting the
exocutivo of tho various unions this
week in connection with' thc raising of
strike funds, so that they havo had
ovory opportunity to ascertain the
opinions of tho unions ou tho matter,
and with this information to hand,
thero should be no difficulty in coming
to a decision.
Tho other event of importance, and
ono which is bound to have an Important effect in the strike, is tho signing
up of tho Canadian Laundry with tho
union. This is a plant which, when run
to capacity, will be able to turn out a
groat quantity of work, and with the
pick of the laundry workera available,
there is no reason why it should not do
'so. To assist in this -direction, a double
shift could be run in tho wash-room,
and there can be no doubt that the
union would heartily co-operate. There
appears to be much satisfaction umongst
Laundry Workers with this plant signing up, and the effect it is bound to
have in breaking tho striko. And there
can bo no doubt of their willingness to
do all in their power to make the plant
go. It is tho first step towards victory
for tho workors in the strike, and with
a judicious selection from the drivers
on the part of tho manager, Mr.
Grant's success is assured.
A wail is appearing in the press, informing tho public that the Cascade
laundry is running to cupucity, und thc
Pioneer at 40 per cent. Labor should
not be misled by this. It may be intended to delude them into believing
that tho strike is lost, so far as these
laundries are concerned, and being the
trust laundries, it is useless to contribute moro funds in support of the
strike. Tho contrary is the case. Victory is in sight. Thc Cuscnde may be
running to the full capacity of its staff,
(which is doubtful, for their drivers are
not bringing the work in), but their
presont staff is about 30 per cent, of the
cupucity of the plant, and thoir usual
holp. Any one seeing the old women
and young inexperienced girls going
into the Pioneer, about 25 ia all, can
quite understand that they aro only of
little valuo to tho plant. The ow-
nors seem anxious, however, to convince the public that they uro running
good and strong, in tho hope perhaps,
that thoy will bo induced to givo them
their work.
It is with deep regret thc organization records tho death of four
of tho members of tho union
from the prevailing epidemic. All
wero from tho I. X. L. Laundry.
Brothors George Baker and Nick Per-
vie and Sisters Boxbury and Josie Tie-
Ions were laid to rest in Mountain Viow
cemetery. Many of the members attended thc funerals, and referred feelingly to tho fact that notwithstanding
tho striko, Mr. and Mrs. Courtency
were also iu attendance.
ix-President of District 18
and His Brother Meet
Death in Flanders
ord has just been roceived that W.
'hillips, ex-prcsident of District 18,
id Mine Workers of Amorica, paid
lupromc sacrifice in Flanders, on
, His brother Tom met the
to the following -day.
Phillips was an able spokesman, and on arrival in thiB country, ho
was not long in becoming westernized.
He was a member of tho Socialist Party
of Cauadu. His lecture on the "Terminology of tho Scionce of Socialism"
was a masterpiece, his excellent grasp
of thc English language was very clearly demonstrated in this lecture
Hailing originally from Abordare,
Wales, the lato Kier Hardie's constituency, he was an ardent admirer of
Hardie, uud worked (strenuously in his
campaigns. He occupied the chair on
many occasions at meetings at which
some of Britain's ablest speakers wore
tho spokesman. He was for some considerable time literature agent for the
Abordare branch of tho I. L. P., and
tramped miles, and sold many pounds
worth of pamphlets and books. Ho was
also chairman of the joint collerics of
tho Aberdaro district. Let us hope that
he lias not died in vain ,and that thc
cause of democracy, for which ho was
no mean champion, will continuo to
grow in strongth ,nnd eventually
achieve thut for which ho strived so
earnestly. This is the third ex-officor
of District IS that has paid the supreme
sacrifice.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 8,   1918~~i/7~
/In Vue-m-nr-i
V City, ti.oo )
$1.50 PER YEAB
still sone**
W. Thomas Now Well
Walter Thomas, businoss agent of
Local 617, tl. B. uf Carpenters, is now
back on duty. Walter looks pretty
sick yet, howover; the "flu" evidently did not treat him lightly.
Bert Showier Better
Bort Showier, business agent of tho
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, is now well
on tho roud to recovery. Bert has had
u hard time of it, and his many
friends will be pleased to know that he
will bc bnck on the job in a short
time.
Policemen Succumb to Flu
Two members of the Vancouvor City
Policemen's Union have died from
Spanish influenza. P. C. (205) McOil-
livary died last woek, and P. C. (131)
O. S. Clarke died on Tuesday of thiB
week.
DIST. 18 O. M. WORKERS
AND ORDER-IN-COUNCIL
district 18 United Mine Workers Executive Board Sends Protest
to Ottawa
At tho last meoting of the executive
board of District 18, United Mine
Workors, the following resolution was
passed, in condemnation of tho recent
no strike order-in-council:
"This quarterly meoting of the exocutivo of the mine workors of District
18, United Mino Workers of America,
huving considered thc order-in-council
which takes away from tho workera of
this country the right to strike, hereby
doclares, that we emphatically refuse to surrender the right to strike,
uud ask-the government for the immediate ropoal of said order; and we fur*
ther call on all trades unionists to follow ami support our action, as we atand
ready und willing to assist any union
which may have to declare itself
against this ordor; and that a copy of
this resolution bc forwarded to tho Dominion government, the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, the British Columbia Federation of Labor und to our
official organ, The District Ledger.'1
HlilWE
Miners of Kirkland Elect
Reeve and Entire
Council
The residents of Kirkland Lake,
Out., particularly those who are mem
bers of Local Ho. 149, U. M. & S. W,
were very much enthused on the night
of Monday, 21st inst., that being tho
ovening sot aside for thc election of a
reeve and four councillors for thc newly incorporated township. It is as well
to explain that Kirkland Lake is a
vory promising gold mining camp in
Northern Ontario, with about 300
workera of all callings working around
the mines. Wo can safely say that
despite the Nomadic habits of the average man that works arouud the minos
that produce tlio yqjlow metal that we
arc 95 per cent, strong. Of course not
more than one-third of this membership have votes, us they are not householders. However, the union us a whole
thought that this wns au opportune
time to test the solidarity of the membership, Hnd it was deckled to put up
a full ticket of union men. On the
night of tho election it was evident
thut the business men, and some of the
mine managers had made some effort
to got control, Mr. Richardson, manager of tho Burnsidcs Mine, being nominated for reeve, and somo of our prominent business men for councillors.
When the vote was counted Labor had
a substantial majority, in fact it was
two to one, the Labor man getting 74
to tho opposing candidate's 37. The
nominees for councillors also had a
heaping majority over tho business
men, with tho result that ever since
the union men havo beon walking
about with their chests thrown out ns
nover bofore. As the poem said, it
was a grand and glorious victory. And
it ia unique, in tlio North country, if not in the whole of the Dominion, where the whole Labor ticket
lias been put in.
One fino thing nbout it wns the
solidarity ■displayed by the union men.
They must havo voted to a man for
their candidates, somothing that we
rarely see. It is n good augury for
the future'" of the Canadian Labor
movement when Labor will take its
rightful plnco in the municipal legislative and Industrial councils of the
nation. Then, and not until then, will
they be uble to shapo out their destiny
by tho way which will tako us out of
the morass of rapine and slaughter,
and lead us into tho fertile fields of
peace and prosperity for one and ull.
F. Barratt Well Again
Fred Barratt, businoss agent for the
Carpenters, is around again after having been laid up with an attack of
"flu."
NOT FINISHED YET
S. J. CROWE, MP.
Workers Will Not Listen to
Unfair Employers of
Labor
Mr. S. J. Crowe, M. P., had a shock
on Wednesday. This estimable gentleman decidod to go over to Lyall 'b
shipyard to address thc workers on the
Victory Loan. The workerB in that establishment, however, decided differently. On word being received by the shop
committee that Mr, Crowe waa to address the employees, a meeting was decided upon, at which meoting it was
decided that in view of the treatment
handed out to the Laundry Workors by
this apostle of democracy, that ho was
not going to have the opportunity of
addressing thc workers in that yard.
This information was conveyed to
Mr. Crowe by the chairman of the com
mittee. In doing so, he informed the
momber for Burrard that any employer
of labor, that had treated his employees as he had treated the Lnundry
Workers, was not fitted to address honest working men. There is no doubt
that the gentleman has a in oro comprehensive viow of the solidarity-of Labor
after his experience of Wednesday, and
if the gentleman has any doubts ns to
what the workers think of him nnd his
kind, he will no doubt have them dispelled if over he has the temerity to
test the feeling whenever anothor elec
tion is hold in the eity, be it for the eity
council, the provincial house, or for any
other position of a public nature.
TRADES COUNCILjMACEY AWARD IS
TAKES STEPS TO
Striking Laundry Workers
Still Need Financial
Assistance
an
Sees Danger of Junker Element Appearing in
America
The Coast Banker, the mouthpiece of
big business in the stntes, roports that
tho bankers of San Francisco nearly
threw a fit over the recent speech of
Louis Post in thut city. Mr. Post is
the lender of the Radicals, bnck of tin
administration, and holds the office of
assistant secretary of Labor. Perhaps
tlieir real objection was not «" much
to the character of the remarks as to
the fear that they might be repeated to
working class audiences. The statements to which the financiers most objected wero tho following:
"There nre plenty of people in the
United States who would be glad to see
the end of the war that would muke the
United States the same kind of militaristic nation as Germany,"
"Nothing is gained if we down
kaiserism nn-d set it up ut home."
"Don't you think that tho soldiers,
when they got back, will want to know
whose country it is? Do you think
they aro going to permit little groups
in Wall Street to own tho country
thoy have boen fighting for?"
' 'We, the wuge earners, and they,
thu soldiers, will have no great difficulty in making all understand that it
is our country that we've beon fighting for and not the possession of u
small group of monopolists.''—Oakland World.
Fed era-
Black-
Blacksmiths
Since the Inst issue of The
tionist, two members of tin
smiths Union hnve died us a result of
Spanish -influenza. Bro. A. Whitelnw,
working at the Western Canada yard,
nnd Bro. Angus MacLean, who wns employed at Lynlls yard. So far lliese nre
tho only deaths from the epidemic. Bro.
Toe Pattie is very sick us yet, but hopes
are entertained for his recovery. There
are still quite a large number of the
members sick. Of those previously reported, quite a few are back to work
again, and those that are not yet ablo
to return, nre expecting to do so in a
few days, New cases, however, are being reportod daily. Bro. Yates Is still
very sick, and last reports aro to the
effect that his recovery will bo slow,
Referendum   Vote  on
Assessment to Be
Taken
In order that thc Laundry Workors
may bc provided with funds, and in
viow of the situation caused by the
ban on public meetings, the Trades
Council executive has instructed Secretary Mldgley to issue a call for a referendum voto of tho members of tho
local unions ou the question of nn assessment, The call issued is as follows:
To Local Union Secretaries:
The Executive Bourd of the Trades
and Labor Council, iu order to maintain the strike pay of tho Laundry
Workers, has issued an appeal to ull
thc unions an British Columbia for fin-
uncial assistance, and has asked all the
Vancouver local union executives to
meet a representative of tho Council
in order that the need for further assistance might be laid beforc them.
Wc find, however, that a number of
the Executive Committees, while desiring to help, have no power to vote
the union funds or levy an assessment.
At tho Inst meeting of this Council,
a resolution wos passed asking euch
union to levy nn assessment of 25 cents
per member per week for the nssistuncc
of tho Luundry Workors, but the prohibition of public mootings has prevented the unions putting this recom-
mendution into offect.
The Lnbor movement of this city
cannot ufford to lose this strike for the
sake of a few dollars to continue the
striko pay.
You nre, therefore, requested to distribute and collect tho ballots that accompany this lotter to all your members, cither on the job or wherever the
bullets can most conveniently und
speedily be takon.
Please notify this office of the rosult ns soon us thc ballot has been collected and counted.
Yours fraternally,
V. R. MIDGLEY,
Secretary.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
Ofliciul Ballot—Laundry
Workers Striko
Are you willing to pay 25c per week
to carry the Laundry Workers' strike
to a successful conclusion, nnd do you
authorize your Executive Committoe
to advance the money out of the local's
treasury until regular meetings can be
resumed?
Mark your ballot thus: X und return to your seeretary or business
agent at once.
Laundry Workers Btrike Fund
Previously ucknowlodgod $5,73*1.85
I. L. A. Auiiliary     800.(1(1
Oity Hall stuff       .'15.00
Electrical WorkerH     .100.00
.Shipyard Laborers     100.00
Stroot Bailway Employoes         200,00
100.00
20.00
100.00
Street Railway Employees....
Shipyard  Laborors 	
200.00
100.00
150.00
Meetings   Being   Held   in
Seattle to Discuss the
New Scale
The Macey award, rendered in connection with the wages in tho shipyards
in the United States, ia meeting with
considerable criticism in shipyard circles in thc States. A meeting of tho
Pacific Coast District Council of tho
Motal TradoB, is now in session in Seattle, for the purpose of discussing the
award. The Boilermakers District
Council No. 4-A, ia also in session in
Seattle, and J. A. Moore and M. A. Mc-
Echeran of tho Vancouver local of thc
Boilermakers, are at present in Soattle,
nnd ure representing the Metal Trados
and tho Boilermakers.
If the workers in the States aro not
satisfied with the  Mncey award, and
they are not, us advices from Seattle
and Oakland,  California, arc  to that
effect.   The Tri-City Labor Review of
Oakland, says:  "A few  nickles more
nre granted to meet living costs thnt
have advanced dollars."    The Senttle
Union   Record   also   states   that   the
award is not satisfactory.    What must
the workers of this part of the Pacific
const think, when tho difference iu the
Macdonald and thc Mncey awards are
so great.   In the Macey award, 10 per
cent, increase is given, in the Macdonald award, only 2 cents per hour, or lti
cents per dny is the increase allowed.
Iu thc meantime, no meetings can lu
held .and a full pronouncement us to tin
intentions  of  tho  locnl   organizations
ennnot bo made until the ban on meetings is lifted.
Pres.   of   Longshoremen's
Dist. Council Seized With
Influenza in Seattle
The many friends of Gordon J.
Kelly, president of tho Longshoremen's
Pacific Coast District Council, and ex-
president of the Vancouver Trades and
ubor Council, is lying dangerously ill
at Seattle. Bro. Kolly was stricken
with Spanish influenza on Friday last,
und he is now at the Columbus Sanitarium in Seattle, Secretary M, E. Wright
of tho Pacific Coast District Council
has been in touch with local men during the day, and at a late hour just
before wc go to press, no better news
is to hand. His temperature is 104,
and ho is dangerously ill. The Labor
movemont throughout the province will
wish Bro. Kelly a speedy and complete
recovery.
Shipyard Laborers
A large number of tho Shipyard Laborers are still suffering from the prevailing malady. Considerable relief
work has been dono amongst the membership by tho Metal TradeB relief committee.   All  aro  making  satisfactory
I. L. A. Auxiliary
Tho Longshoremen's Auxiliary is
still Buffering from tho "flu" epidemic,
about half of tho membership being
down with it, or just getting over it.
Another momber has died Bince the
last issue, T. Ardine. This, however,
is a better record than last week. The
Longshore workeres .have certainly
beon hit vory hard. ,
MANY STREET RAILWAY
EMPLOYEES ARE SICK
The First Death Is Recorded in tne
Street Railway Employees
Union
Some sixty members of the Street
and Electric Railway Employees are
down with Spanish influenza. Thc executive of the Street Rallwaymen's
Union hus formed a committee for the
purpose of investigation, and caring for
the sick membors of the organization.
The first death amongst the Street Railwaymen occurred* last Saturday, when
William McShano died. He was buried
in the Mountain View cemetery t>n
Tuesday. The deceased had no relatives in this country, his mother and
father residing in Ireland. Thc funeral
was carried out under the auspices of
the Street Railwaymcn's Union, which
is taking care of the late brother's effects.
Circulation Increases
The circulation of the Federationist
is still increasing.    This issue sees the
15,000   mark   in   sight,  and   subs  still
coming in.
Labor  Temple  Is  Visited
by Industrial Commissioners
Asiatic Problem in France
One That Is Causing
Fears
En route to Australia, as members of
an industrial commission appointed by
the French government, to investigate
industrial conditions in the land of tho
Southern Cross, Adolphe Hodee, and
P. Thomson, the Labor representatives
on the commission, called at the Labor
Temple on Saturday last. They were
accompanied by Mr. E. Chevalier, acting consular agent for France in the
city, who piloted them to the office of
J. H. McVety, where A. S. Wells wa*
introduced to the Labor men from
La Belle, France, by Mr. Chevalier, who
also acted as interpreter to the Labor
representatives. Mr. Thomson is legal
secretary for the Woodcnrvers' Union
and Mr, Hodee is the secretary of the
Landscape Gardeners' organization.
Thc point that tho French Labor representatives were most interested in wa*
as to the conditions arising out of
Asiatic population. As they stated, a
large number of Asiatics are at present
in France, and that while they had
been assured by the government that
they would be deported at the end of
the war, tho Labor movement was very
sceptical as to this being done. They
were also afraid that the Asiatics
would have a detrimental influence on
the standard of living of the French
workers if they were allowed to stay-
It was pointed out to them that the
Labor movement of this eountry was
opposed to the introduction of any
more Asiatics, and that the miners of
Nova Scotia had determined to strike
if any coolio labor was introduced in
the mines.
After War Problems
The delegates were keenly interested in tbe problems likely to confront
the workers aftor the war and more
particularly where the ravages of thc
army would not have to be provided
for. In considering this, and other
problems, Messrs. Thomson and Hodee,
both of whont have travelled widely
in Europo and have a wide acquaintance with the officers of organized
Labor in* nil of the countries, including
Germany, showed a true international
spirit. They wanted to know everything about thc Lahor movement of
America, not for the purposo of criticism, but. with tho idea of adopting improvements in France,
STEAM ENGINEERS
Total $7,280.85
Butchers and Meat Cutters
Notice is hereby given that the business ugent will he in the offloo every
Wednesdny  nnd   .Saturday  afternoons,I orgaiHM
for the purpose of collecting dues, etc.
Members are urged to cull und koop
themselves in good stunding.
Executive Deals With Many
Matters Pending Another
Meeting of Local
During the period in whieh meetings
have been banned, the. business of
Locnl 020 has been earriod on by the
executive, who have met twice, for the
purpose of transacting business upon
which the business ugent required the
udvice of the executive committee. The
question of continuing to support our
membors who were out iu sympathy
with tho Laundry Workers, wns taken
up, und it wns decided to continue that
support. The business ugent roported
severnl mombors sick and also reported
upon the Metal Trados executives' offer of corporation with the city authorities -iu order to assist in stamping out
the "flu " epidemic
The campaign of organization among
the Engineers on Vancouver Island is
bearing n little fruit, but is being hin
dored by two factors, one of which is
the "Spanish flu," which is serious
uround the conl mining district of Vancouver Island, and the other, whicli is
the most potent one, is the 76c u duy
war bonus recently given by the coal
operators, There hus been too much organization work going on reeently, und
in order to combat this, the conl barons
have thrown their employees u few
more crumbs in the hope that the organization of these men will be hindered—nn old-time expedient that litis
invariably succeeded. However, there
ure a number of mombors of tlio En-
ginccrs Union on the Ifduml who cnn lie
relied upon to keep the movement nlive.
An attempt is being made to organi/e
tho Hciitiiig Enginoers uround the city
of Vnncouver, of which there are a
largo number, a rospoctablo number of
whom lire ulreudy members of Locul
020, An attempt also is being mnde to
the  Engineers  und  Fircmi
Bakers
The Bakers huve lost two members
this last week from influenza. Bros,
Geo. Jack und J. Kinnuird. There ure
n number of others sick. There arc still
a number of bakers in tbo city without
employment.
Ill ployed by the school board, who ure
iilren-ily partially organizod in a "Janitor'! association, which is too weak to
cope with the conditions that will arise
very shortly, when the wnr is culled Off.
All of tllOSQ questions nre to receive
the nltcntion of the membership of
Local 020 us soon us it is possible to
hold n meeting, as will ulso the question of picking a strong committee to
make some much needed adjustments
iu the wage scale.
PASSES OUI
Victim of Influenza Was an
Ardent Worker for
Democracy
Wo regret to announce the death of
Hurry Sibblo, which took place at the
hospital on Wednesdny morning. Hurry
lived by the sale of working clnss literature for ninny years, and three weeks
bofore ohis death sold 300 Foderation-
ists on the streets of Vancouver. He
wns bom in Barrle, in Ontario, just 02
yenrs ngo, und in his youth nnd early
manhood worked on the railway. In
the rush to the Klondike in 181*8, Hurry
wus curried to Dawson, und it was in
this locality that he first bocamd acquainted with the Socialist movement.
The movement owes him much. Every
meeting ,no mutter of whut nut ure,
that Harry could attend, he would visit
with his puck of books and pamphlets,
any many men huve hud their eyes
opened for the first, time, us a rosult Of
whut he induced them to buy.
He wus totally illiterate, though few
were uble to detect the fact owing to
the reinurkublo memory with which lie
wus gifted by nature* Tlio work he uc-
complishcd is of permanent value, nud
the class-conscious section Of the move
ment will ever remember him us one
who did his bit.
Machinists No. 777
Machinists local 777 huve experienced
.seine difficulty in getting the names und
regimental numbers of members enlisting in the army und going overseas. As
it is most important that this Information should be supplied, the organization in order that tin: mombors' standing cun be maintained, ull member-? are
roquostod to supply samo as soon us
possible. There doesn't seem to be uny
improvement in the epidemic, os the
sick list is ns large us ovef.
Unemployment
j On the question of unemployment
J they were given to understand thnt.
this country would huve ull it eould
do und more to ussimiliite its returned
men without being loaded with additional immigrants from Hurope, and
with ihis viow they were in accord,
pointing out that there wns little likelihood of considerable emigration from
Europe in general, and France in particular, for some time tu come, as a
grent deal of lubor would bo necessury
to restore the portions of France and
Belgium devastated by the armies.
Compensation Act
The delegates were greatly impressed
in the B. C Compensation Act, discussing and cumparing it with thc legislation iu force in France. The practice adopted here of eliminating the
lawyers, courts uud insurance companies met with their complete approval, ns did ulso the provision requiring dependents resident in other
countries to lie puid the sume compensation as though they resided in B. C.
They pointed out that France had a
treaty with Englund covering this matter, but that the rule only applied reciprocally with other countries. It
wus the practice of French employers
to hire Spaniards because they wore
not covered by the French Act. Messrs.
McVety uud Wells were very pleased
to secure this expression of opinion iu
view of the efforts being put forward
by the employers anil the Compensation
Bourd to huve the act nmondod providing    for    reduced    pttynionffl    for    do-
pendents of non-residents, particularly
Asintics, aud the misguided approval
of this principlo by some offlcors of local organizations. The delegates curried nwny copies of the uct und the*
reports on which it mus bused.
Two very profitable discussions woro
hud, thanks to the excellent Interpreting uf Mr. Chevalier, and the delegates
left ut noon today (in the Makura
for Austrnlin, the sailing having been*
delayed since Tuesday. According to
their present programme, the commission returns this wuy some time im
J January, when Messrs. Thomson and
Hodee expect to secure some further
information regarding conditions in
Canada anil British Columbia.
Victoria Machinists
Owing to the bun on public meetings
i Victorin, the socrotary of the Vic-
lorin Machinists will be in the Lubor
Hall. North I'urk street, for ihe purpose
nt' taking dues, every first nud third
Tlnusduvs. during the period lhat meetings nre banned. Members nre requested lo tnke due notice nnd to act
accordingly.
Shipwrights
Joe Bromiield, lute business ugent of
the Shipwrights, is iu hospital suffering
from un atluek of Spanish influenza.
Many other members nre suffering from
the sume disease.
Recognizes Police Union
The Winnipeg Oity Council has decided  tn recognize tho  new union of
city police.
The B. C. Veterans Weekly and Strike
Mr. E. A. Paige, the editor of tho
B. C. Veteruns Weekly, is ill at thc
present time, und the report which appeared in the Weekly lo tho effect thut
tho laundry strike was over wns no
doubt due to the fact that he wns not
Ofl tho job.
Longshoremen Local 38-52
The Longshoremen have lost anothor
member as u result Of the "flu" since
the lust issue, Bro. Serufino Lusento
huving passed away. Outside of thie
cuse the Longshoremen roport fhnt
there nro no serious cuses. Many urn
still Brick, however.
Electrical Workors
A nol her member of Iho Electrical
Workers hns succumbed from Spanish
inflnenzn, Bro. Barron huving died this
week. Other members that are on tho
siek list are making favorable progress.
Others have already returned to work. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY. November 8, 1918
THE FIRST UNION CIGAR STORE
IN VANCOUVER
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
310 CARRALL STREET
FELLOW WORKER:
When you buy your tobacco in most stores these days,
and should you mention pipes, the chances are you will
be told how pipes are going up in price.
Well, its the truth. But being somewhat cranky on
the Pipe question ourselves, the most of the Pipes we
are offering for sale just now we bought last year, and
are still offering them at last year's prices. You've been
told that before in regard to other things you buy. Well,
don't take our word for it. Come in and look our stock
over, get our prices, and if you do that, wo know your
next pipe will be bought at this Union Store.
Old Pal Brian, still    50c
0. B. D, $1B0 up
Peterson's Patent $1*25 up
Nowhere else will you find these low prices today.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
A Big Double Event Commences Tomorrow
Arnold & Quigley's Big
Annual Midwinter Clearance
AND THE OPENING OF OUB BIO NEW DATLIOHT
—o UP-STAIRS CLOTHES SHOP o-
This $100,000 stock of Men's Apparel Offered at sensational
money-saving  prices.    Oet  your  share  of  the  bargains.
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE YOUR DPI I APS
ARNOLD &QUIGLEY,
5Tie Store thats always busy"
546Granville St. 546.
ftKUKr UPSTAIRS CLOTHES SHOf
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
W* Desem Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
Canadian Northern Railway
TBANBOONTINBNTAIi
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Coniult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTBIOT PASSENOEE AOENT, 60S HASTINOS W., VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymonr SMS
COWAN   ft   BROOEHOUSI
PBOTEBS UI FUBIISBEBS
Printers to The Pidantto-mt
Wa   federationlit   is   produced   from
ett  seism  newspaper  prlntlnr  plant.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor TtnpM
VAHOOtrviB. B. O.
—HMd«urten lor Labor Men—
BitN—75o ud #1.00 por day.
14.00 per week tnd np.
Olfl It iMMUtU  B»ttS
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
B. C. LAUNDRY SOAP 6 for 25«*
B. C. NAPHTHA SOAP 5 for 25*
SALT—WINDSOR .4 for 25*
EXTRA  SPECIAL
SUNLIGHT SOAP —Regular 3 for 25c,  Saturday
only  4 for 25*
PORK AND BEANS .3 for 25*
SARDINES ...: 3 for 25*
MILD CHEESE 30* lb
STRONG CHEESE, per pound 35*
FINEST CLAMS, each  .' 10*
FINEST COMPOUND LARD 30* lb
SPECIAL
VICTORY ROLL BACON, from 3 to 4 lbs. each; rogular 41V2c lb*, Saturday only &%*£ tb
-3 BIG STORES-
123 Hastings Street East Phone Sey. 3262
830 Granville Street Phone Sey. 866
3260 Main Street Phone Fair. 1683
wards, and the only sensible course is
to note the signs of the time and move
forward with them.
BOTTOM DOG.
Filthy Lumber Camps
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Sir-
Are there any public health inspectors
in B. CJ   If there are, why don't they
isit some of thoso hog-pen, lumber
umps nnd compel them to clean up
or close up? You may say, or think
that it is Spanish "flu" that is the
cause of this sickness, but if you visit
some of these camps you will flnd thnt
it is not the Spanish "flu," but the
filth aud dirt of the camps that aro
causing so much sickness. Tho lumbor
camps of the Northern Construction
Company at' Blackpool are something
fearful; I worked iu one of thom for a
week. I have been working in lumber
and railwny camps all over Western
Canada for the past 10 years and the
equal of the camp nt Blackpool I havo
never met, unless it was a hog-pen, nnd
some of those are a lot cleaner. The
bunkhousc has no ventilation except
that which comes through the door; the
light consists of two small windows in
the roof, but theso aro nover open.
One smnll window is over the door and
one over the washstand. The bunk-
house is never washed out. Tho floor
is boarded to the edge of the bunks,
but not under them. Under the bunks
you find all kinds of old rotten shirts,
socks, mits, rubbers, and shoes. The
hunks are -nil too short by threo or
four inches. When nn ordinary man
of 5 feet 7 inches or over lies in one of
I hem either his head or feet must be
in one of the other bunks, unless he
draws his legs up or lies diagonally in
the bunk. The cookhouse is in an
equally filthy state. Tho knives, forks
and spoons you would think had never
been washed. You could leavo your
finger prints on either tho cups or
plates ou account of tho greaso and dirt
that are on both. Under such conditions how can thero be anything but
sickness all over the country. When
I went to tho camp seven men came in
from Edmonton; two ddys later 24
camo from Saskatoon. Thoso are the
cities from which this camp ship all
their men and' every time the freight
wagon wont to Blackpool thero were
three or four sick men went out to
Kamloops hospital there. There wore
threo men loft camp oil Friday and
one of them died in the hospital on
Saturday. On Sunday there was no
medicine in this camp of any kind.
One man died in camp on Sunday without seeing a doctor. I left camp on
that day with sixteen other men and
wo brought four sick men out with us.
When the section boss at Blackpool
saw so many sick men, and heard of
the death in the camp, he phoned the
train dispatcher at Kamloops nnd had
a cur sent to Blackpool by a freight
train. The sick men wcro brought to
Kamloops on the car after they had
been examined by a doctor, who came
on thc passenger.* About midnight,
the doctor went out to the camp after
he had examined thc sick men. Had
ho come to thc camp on Thursday or
Friday, he would have found about
50 men in a place that had not accommodation for thirty. With all this
sickness in the country, British Columbia is tho only placo where you can
find lumber companies defying the law
by shipping men from everywhere to
work in their camps and sloep and live
under such conditions. I have never
seen an inspector visit one of the
camps yet, although I have been working in tho lumber camps of central
B. C. for over a year. It is ten years
since I worked for the Princo Albert
Lumber Company of Saskatchewan, and
in all of their camps was a printed
notice supplied by lho provincial board
of health, giving all tho rulos and regulations concerning the sanitary conditions of all lumber and railway camps.
The camps were washed evpry woek,
the washstand and wash basins were
scalded every day, and a doctor visited
tho camp once a month. Tho Royal
Northwest Mounted Police also made
monthly visits and if the rules of health
wore not strictly observed, tho police
would promptly prosecute both the
company and camp forman. If such
rules wero put in forco in all the B. C.
camps wc would soon havo clean, sanitary camps. A few prosecutions with
heavy fines or terms of imprisonment
for some of the managers and camp
foremen and we would soon havo clean,
sanitary camps instead of hog-pens.
Kindly publish this in your valuable
paper and oblige,
Yours truly,
T. WOODS.
Victoria Street, Kamloops.
Aristocratic Snobbery
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir—In
an article under tho heading of the
World's Press, published in thc World
dated October 31, 1918, I noticed the
following under the heading of "The
Union Policeman''—can a non-union
policeman arrest a union man in some
other trade? Then the article goes
on to say, "Is a walking delegate's
instructions to override the authority
of the chiof of the force?"
In answer to this snobbory, evidently wKtten by a puppet of tho aristocratic classes, I would say that tho purpose of police unions and their affiliation with Labor will not involve a police union in n sympathetic strike.
They will assist Labor in other ways—
in this way: The police will bc used
no more ns in the pust, to crush labor
disputes, sometimes by intimidation,
sometimes by tho club. They will
novor more strengthen the hands of autocracy by such means. They will remain impartial at all times from now
on, to defend life and property, whether it belongs to Labor or aristocracy,
Tho police surely arc entitled to tho
recognized civilian right of conference
and collective representation of grievances in regard to all matters affecting thoir condition of service.
Are not the polico drawn frota thc
Labor classes, with the exception of
a few "aristocrats" who are acting aB
chief constables? Men who have no
earthly claim to bc policemen, much
less chief constables—but here it is
again, these men were born with the
silver spoon In tlieir mouths, nnd it is
kept there* becnuse they arc the offsprings of aristocrats.
How important it is at this timo thut
Labor should be able to feel that in its
police it has loyal and efficient
defenders of law and order upon whom
it can implicitly rely. It is a wonder
tinged with anxiety from the aristocrat and BO-callod police authorities,
but the hnrd facts stun; them in the
face. Wnit, till the. war is over, dear
friends; then Labor must got busy caring for the returned soldier. We nil
know what the aristocrat is doing for
thom—nothing, just promises. Nn, the
hands of the clock will not move back
South Vancouver Ratepayers' Offer to
Commissioner Gillespie
Editor B. C. Federationist: Better
dead, than alive in South Vancouver.
Read the following notice from tho
pross. "Preparations aro being made
for opening up the fivc-acro plot of
ground lying between Forty-third and
Forty-fifth avenues on Princo Edward
street, as an extension of the cemetery
burial grounds, *. . . At present
this land is subject to taxation amounting to $100 annually, but as soon as it
is used for burials, it will become exempt from taxation."
No doubt Commissioner Gillespie has
boen very busy on this "deal." Now,
I mnke a proposition that every resident in South Vancouver will readily
agree to. It is as follows: That out of
that five-acre plot, the ratepayers will
give free of charge a 60-foot lot to
Commissioner Gillespie, conditionally
that he build a house thereon, the
money will be taken from tho salary
he is getting ovor and above the indemnity of "a previous councillor, who
in two years, would draw flown an indemnity of $000. Commissioner Gillespie is now paying himself $7200 for
two years' salary, with the difference,
viz,,' $6000,' tho -commissioner must
build himself a diguifled homo that will
enhance the valuo and credit of thc
municipality of South Vancouver.
Reader, please note on tho calculation
nud conditions set forth above—this 00-
foot lot and $0000 houso ure practically
a free gift
Having carried out the arrangements
specified, thc commissioner shall then
proceed to tax his own lot and homo on
tho same basis ns wc (the residents)
are now taxed. Gentle render, do you
know that ho would have to soak him-
at least $142 (one hundrod and forty
self $142 each yoar. This sum would
bo exactly in accordance with his pro-
sent methods of tyrannous taxation.
Tho residents would have the satisfaction in knowing thnt thc littlo 00-foot
lot was bringing in $42 moro annually
than the five acres. Furthermore, we
would have thc gratification of Boeing
this tax fiend a victim to his own distorted mad brain policy.
In conclusion, I ask, "Who's for
building a home in South Vancouver?
Who's for the madhouse ?
D. A. TIBBOTT,
Viee-presidont South Vnncouver Ratepayers Protective Association,
Colllngwood Eost.
newspaper, Abo Nows, or in native,
Abo Undorrattelscr.
Hugo Backonanson, a Finnish artist,
a painter, who for many years has lived
in Russia, was interviewed by tho
above mentioned . paper ,and among
other questions was asked: "Is it true
that the social changes wo have heard
about iu Russia are as groat as we are
told, that high officers and wives of
generals soil papers on tho streets,
etc.?"
"It is not only true," said Mr. Backonanson, "but it is all too true. Officers have formed ' partell' (a union) as
carriers at cailway stations ,carrying
parcels and baggago for passengers. Last
winter ono of my friends saw a man on
thc street who was picking ice and
shovelling snow. Imagine his astonishment when he recognized in the Bnow-
shovellor his old friend Princo Putjatin,
married to Princess Maria Pavlovna, at
one timo thc wifo (consort) of Prince
Wilhelm of Swedon, (but divorced on
account of some spy scandal in which
she playod a part). Putpatin is a member of Russia's highest aristocracy. His
father was commander-in-chief at Tsar-
skojo Sclo, (Imporial palaco of former
Czars), whero they themselves lived in
a grand palace and whero I also havo
been a guest. The Princess is Russia's
richest heiress, sinco Grand Duke Ser-
gius Weddow, (a sister to former Czarina, now Mrs. Nic. Romanoff), willed
hor enormous fortuno to tho princess,
beforo sho retired to a convent. Maria
Pavlovna is now living in a small houso
without a servant, Sho horsclf stood in
the "breadline" for hours at a time,
and offered my friond, whon sho made
them a visit, tea without sugar, and
with some sour, heavy, rye bread (probably baked by herself.) When he asked
tho prince what he was doing on tho
street, he was answered: "I am earning my daily bread.'' His wages wore
10 roubles a day."
After roading this clipping, cnn you
see any reason why those Bolshevikis
and their dangerous doctrines should
not bo annihilated, for havo they not
(Continued on pago 7)
Editor B. C. Federationist: Some one
remarked in The Federationist of a few
weoks ago that vory little was hoard
from Russia, which remark appears to
havo hit very close to tho point. However, some gleanings slip through now
and then, and in order to flash n light
on some of tho sins of tho Bolsheviki
government, I here give you in free
translation, a clipping from a Finnish
Stand Olose to the Telephone
Evory part of an inch you are
away from the telephone when
Bpeaking, places the called party
miles distant. One inch from the
telephono lengthens the line six
miles; two inches, ten miles; three
inches, sixteen miles, eto.
Therefore, remember to speak
directly into the transmitter.
B. 0, Telephone Oompany, ltd.
If yoa haven't Joined the Federated Ubor
Party, get In touch with Secretary Trotter,
Boom 808, Labor Temple, or any of the -rice-
preiidenti throughout the provlnee. ***
Ring up Phoae Seymoar 2364 for
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVEB, B. C.
T.B.0UTHBERTSON&0O.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
6S0 Oro-rilla SttMt
au HHtinn stmt Wirt
J. ParUuMDt O. Turcot!
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—IW1LVB BBW TABUS—
(Blusw1ek-B-Uke Oollend.r Oo.)
—Headquarters for Union Van—
Union-mad.   ToTmccoi.   0\tat,   ul
OUinttai
Only Whlu Holp Employed
42 Hastings St. East
NOTICE
Military Service Act, 1917.
EMPLOYMENT OF MEN IN DEFAULT
UNDER THE MILITARY
SERVICE ACT.
The following Regulations, recently approved by
the Governor General in Council, impose strict
obligations upon every employer TO ASSURE HIMSELF THAT EACH.OF HIS EMPLOYEES OF
MILITARY AGE AND DESCRIPTION IS IN
POSSESSION OF DOCUMENTS PROVING
THAT HE IS NOT IN ANY WAY IN DEFAULT
UNDER THE MILITARY SERVICE ACT.
An employer who is charged with having a
defaulter in his employ must be able to prove
THAT THE MILITARY SERVICE PAPERS
ISSUED BY THE REGISTRAR OR MILITARY
AUTHORITIES TO THE EMPLOYEE IN QUESTION WERE PRODUCED FOR HIS INSPECTION at the time when the employee was taken into
his employment, and thkt it was reasonably established to his satisfaction that the man was not in
default under the Military Service Act. It should be
clearly understood that the Canadian Registration
Certificates given on June 22, 1918, at the time of
general registration, in no way define the status of a
man under the Military Service Act.
REGULATIONS.
" 106. Every person who
employs or retains in his service
any man who has deserted or
is absent without leave from
thc Canadian Expeditionary
Force, or who is in default in
the performance of any obligation or requirement for reporting or for military service,
imposed upon him by the Act
or Regulations, or any proclamation thereunder, shall be
guilty of an offence punishable
on summary conviction by imprisonment not exceeding six
months, or by a penalty of not
less than One Hundred Dollars,
and of not more than Five
Hundred Dollars, or by both
Buch imprisonment and fine,
unless such person prove that
he made due inquiry and
that THE MILITARY SERVICE PAPERS ISSUED BY
THE REGISTRAR OR THE
MILITARY AUTHORITIES
TO THE MAN SO EMPLOYED OR RETAINED
IN HIS SERVICE WERE
PRODUCED FOR HIS INSPECTION, and that it was
reasonably established to his
satisfaction by such inquiry
und papers that thc man was
not a deserter or absent from
the force without leave, or in
default in rtspect of any of the
obligations   or   requirements
aforesaid."
" 106a. Every person who
HARBOURS ORCONCEALS
OR IN ANY WAY ASSISTS
ANY MAN WHO IS A DESERTER OR ABSENT
WITHOUT LEAVE FROM
THE CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, or
who is in default in the performance of any obligation or
requirement for reporting or
for military service imposed
upon him by the Act or Regulations or any proclamation
thereunder, shall be guilty of
an offence punishable upon
summary conviction by imprisonment not exceeding six
months, or by a penalty of not
less than One Hundred Dollars
and of not more than Five
Hundred Dollars, or by both
such imprisonment and fine,
unless such person prove that
he was not aware.and had no
reasonable ground to suspect
that the man so harboured,
concealed, or assisted was a
deserter or absent from thc
forces without leave or in
default in respect of any of the
obligations or requirements
aforesaid."
MILITARY SERVICE
BRANCH.
You will not
be "soaked"
_ So many people neglect
their eyes even when they
know they ahould have
them attended to—when
they know they should be
wearing glasses — became
they are afraid they will
be overcharged—and because of the uncertainty of
the cost.
_ I want any of you union
men who feel that you
may require glasses—you
or your wives—to come in
and let me examine your
eyes. Let me tell you what
ia wrong—if anything—
what it will cost to give
_ yon glasses that will make
seeing   and   living   more
comfortable.
t_ My optical Bervice is the
most efficient and tho most
reasonable on the coast.
Stymour IMS
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Oo.
649 ORANVILLE STREET
Below Drysdale *s
; Canada rood Board ■
S   Licence 8—1855    ;
WELL!
—Did you buy that other Victory
Bond?
Thon "pay cash and carry" and
you can soon save the money to nav
for tho Bond.
Extra Special—Fancy Beans, rog. 15c
lb., now _ lbs. for 26c
Tomatoes, 2%-lb. cans 17c
First-class Black  Tea,  Ceylon,  3 lba
for  $1.46
Coffee, extra good quolity....3 lbs. $1.00
Sardines in Oil  _ tins 26c
Extracts, Lemon and Vnnilla....2 for 16c
Rico, per lb ioc
Baked Beans, Clark's  3 tins 26c
Paciilc Milk, 20-oz. cnn He
St. Charles Milk 2 largo cans 26c
Salmon, Bed, 1*11). can 26c
Apples, full  weight, Mackintosh Bed,
per box  : „...$2,00
Baking Powdor, Malkin's Golden Crest,
5-lb. cnn  86c
Bacon, by tho piece, lb 60c
Puro Lard, lb 36c
Compound, with meat order, lb 28c
Boiling Beef, lb 22c
Stow Lamb, por lb 22c
Boof for RouBt, lb 26c to 28c
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118 Hastings St. W.
Opposite
Woodward's
SET. 1286
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
ud Does Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Oake
Mannf actured ln British Columbia
MADEIRA
LINEN
Fifteen months ago
this order was placed—
to be here for last
Christmas. It came this
week.
However, it is fortunate for the store. It
gives us the very finest
Madeira at the prices
prevailing then.
We will follow the
usual policy and sell at
the prices it wal'selling
at when the order was
placed.
As you perhaps know,
linen can no longer be
expected from England
or Ireland, so no more
is being shipped to the
Islands to be made into
these dainty pieces.
Saba Bros.
Limited
Vhe Silk Specialists
652 ORANVILLE STREET
THE TOOLS A
WORKMAN
USES ON
THE JOB
—Must be good, dependable tools
(ho product of reliable manufacturers. Thoy must bo capable
of standing up under nil conditions.
PLETT'S REPUTATION
FOR HIGH-GRADE TOOLS
Has been consistently mnintainod
for yoars. Tou >II Hnd horo today
ovorything for tho mechanical
linos and every typo of work.
Tho bost for shipwright and engineer.
DROP IN AND SEE US
J. A. Rett, Ltd.
(UNION SHOP)
Tools, Paints, Hardware
339 HASTINOS STBBBT WEST
Near Homer
Greatest Stook of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hastlngi Itreet West
SOU-VAN
MILK
■hould be in the home at
_ art— man—
IS IT IN Y0UE87
—Phone Fairmont 8624—
OLELAND-DIBBLE ENGRAVING OOMPANY
J—tiat
PHOTO HMOBAVBBS — OOKMBBOUl
„     ABTISTS
Phon. Snmonr 71S9
Third -nesr. World BiUdlni
V-WOOtmX, 8. O.
—TO. only Paton Shop ta VaneouTH—
CENTER & HANNA, Ui
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
10.9 OEOBOIA BTBBK
One Block west of Oonrt House.
Uee of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymou MM
aeoo. OFTIOUL PAPBB TABOOOTBB
TBADBS ABD LABOB OODBOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiAL papbb BBima aot-
VMBIA  rBDBBATIOB OF  UBOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 45
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 8, 1918
, aat. ttM
)      $1.60 PER YEAB
You Spend to Enjoy
_ Your raise in wages is welcomed beeause it enables you to secure those things whioh make life
more enjoyable—more worth living. The pleasure of a sound and handsome equipment of
teeth is not only a luxury in itself, but it adds
so muoh to the general joy of living that it
should be one of the first considerations of those
who have allowed their natural equipment to
deteriorate. To enjoy good health—to enjoy the
esteem of our fellows—the good things of life-
one must have good teeth. Dental delays are not
only expensive—they are dangerous,
q You cannot spend yonr money to
better advantage than to have your
mouth mode handsome and wholesome—to have an equipment of good
teeth you cannot choose a better
time than the present. I shall be
glad to tell you what expense this
will involve.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
STEPS ROM PRISON
ILS
Wellington,  New Zealand,
Scene of Political Triumph of Labor
Friday and Saturday Specials
WAB   TAX   EXTBA WHEBB   BBQUIBED
01   Kelloss's Asthma Remedy ....70c HOT WATBB BOTTLES
sac Abbe,*, mu  - at. jam ™« g JJJ,
50c Tliermogene *oc __tei.l   tor   thiB   week-end,    $2.00
35o Frooioao  «*>        Wellbllt Hot Water Bottle 11.29
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117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
Victory Is Hailed as Defeat
of    Methods    of
Prussianism
[By Fedorationist Special New Zealand
Correspondent]
WELLINGTON, N. Z., Oct, 3.—Wellington Central is ablaze tonight, not
with fire, but with tho red badges
of the Socialists aad Labor electors.
For tho by-election today to fill the
vacancy for Wellington Central in tho
Now Zealand Legislature has rosulted
iu tho official Labor candidato, Peter
(Paddy) Fraser heading tho poll.
"Paddy" has recently done a year in
jail for alleged seditious utterances,
and it was in fact quite an array of
those, who, according to ono of them,
"had beon cagod like a lion, fed liko
a pig, and, dressed like a clown/' that
eolebrated tho victory. So the slogan
'^froiu prison to parliament" is again
ringing in tho ears of tho people as it
did in doys gono by whon the champions of liborty wero jailed by the
powers that be.
Tho contest was a short but stronu-
ous one. No less than six candidates
were nominated. Only threo wcro in it
at all. The government selected nc
cording to the "party truce," a Liberal, and called on all loyal people, both
Tory and Liberal, to patriotically support him. Whether through over-confidence or othorwisc, no campaign outside of tho united support of thc three
daily papers was earriod on by tho government. Then a Labor official of tho
"win-the-war" type, after Fraser had
been nominated, came out and was
supported by tho Protestant Political
Association. This latter organization
is now stirring up a religious war, and
they worked hard for this man. It was
also hinted that tho Prohibition party
wero behind him, but that was denied
officially, although no doubt many prohibitionists supported him as individuals. The old cries of disloyalty, Bolshevik, otc, wore worked overtime
ngainst Fraser, but tho electors evidently took little notice as tho figures
indicato.   Hero they arc:
Fraser, official Labor candidate, 2668;
Mack, Independent Labor, 1044; Hil-
dreth, National Government nominee,
'784; also ran, throe others against government, 223.
So if Canadian rulos had beon in
force, evory ono of thc defeated fivo
candidates would have lost his deposit.
Frasor has a clear majority of 600 over
all tho other candidates combinod. And
when it is remombered that tho lato
member for Wellington Central was a
member of the government, tho turnover is most significant.
One of tho jokes of tho situation is
that tho -day beforo polling, tho press
said that whilo Lnbor might win,
yet if preferential voting wore in
force, Fraser would certainly
bo defeated. But no system of preferential voting over devised could defeat
a mnn who secures 55 per cent, of the
vote on.tho flrst ballot. Anothor joko
is that today the press' claim that no
one really backed the government candidate. But the three dailies did their
level best for him. Therefore, according to their own story, they themselves are "nobody."
Thero aro now soven Labor men in
tho house of 80, which is considerably
better than tho Canadian federal house.
Tho president of the Labor party, Hon.
Paul, is a member of tho senate, or tho
Upper House, as it is nnmod here. The
significance of tho election and also the
doings on election night aro seen in thc
atuched clippings from tho government
press:
Scene at Night
A crowd of five or six thousand persons assembled soon nfter 7 o 'clock in
front of thc Evening Post to see the
display of figures 911 a big board. The
flrst completu return from one polling
place was telephoned to the office at
7:20, and the flnal wus received bofo.ro
7:45. The returning officer und his assistants had tho returns ready with
commendable promptitude. The Ilrst
return, No. 5 booth nt the Pnlfice Auction Mart, wus rooolvod by the returning officer ut four minutes past 7; and
the return was complete~ut 7:40.
From first to Inst it wus obvious
from the cheering of thc figures of Mr.
Fraser's lead at evory polling place
tlmt. many of his supporters and well-
wishers wero in the crowd.
\
The Speeches
After the final figures had been posted on the Evening Post board, to tlio
cheers of Mr. Frnser's friends in thc
crowd, candidates and others spoko
from thc balcony. The Labor representatives were received with applause
and cheers, but their supporters were
unwilling to give u fair hearing to
others (except Mr. Atmore). The objection to nny oilier speaking was not.
confined to hooting, boohing ,aml other
noises. Several eggs and other missiles
were thrown, Those candidates heard
(wholly or at intervals) expressed
thanks to those who had helped them
by their votes or otherwise. The Lubor
speakers al launched tho daily papers
(if Wellington for uu alleged vilification of Mr. Fraser and his pnrty.
The Now Momber
Mr. Frasor said that he wished to
thank the electors of Wellington Centre
for tho splendid victory which they
lind put on record, not for himself as
uu individual n-prcsenlutivo of the
Labor Pnrty, but for thc Labor movement. At tho opening nieeting of li ih
campaign he had furnished a statement
whicli tho reporters, apparently, hud
not grasped. When asked a question ns
to his loyalty, he had suid thnt ho
thought ho was loyal. Apparently tho
vaBt majority of tho Wellington Central voters ulso thought that ho was
STEAM ENGINEERS
LOOK AFTER MEMBERS
F, L. Gillette Appreciates Assistance
of Business Agent Alexander
in Time 0*. Sickness
Mr. F. L. Gillotte, of 886 Hoornby
street, a member of the Steam and
Oporating Engineers, is down with tho
Spanish influenza, his wife is alsoo suffering from tho same disease. Last
Saturday they loBt a baby boy 16
months old, from thc same cause. The
case was brought to the attention of
Businoss Agont Alexander, who went to
seo if anything could be dono for them.
Ho found that thoir main trouble was
to secure someone too care for tho sick
folks. He did what ho could to assist
them, and Bro. Gillette desires through
tho medium of The Federationist to
thank Business Agent Alexander and
tho organization for their kindly acts.
The sick folks aro making fair progress
towards recovery.
loyal—this, in spito of thc statements
of tho press that a vote for him would
bc a vote for tho. Kaiser.   The result
of tho election was a defeat not only
for what tho German Kaiser stood for,
but for all that thc kaisers and kaiserism in Now Zealand stood for.   It was
also a defeat for "this organization
over hero" (the P. P. A.)   His majority was the reply of tho thinking section of the working class to thoseSvho
had used the lowost and vilest form of
sectarian bigotry.   As far as the government was concerned, the Labor victory was a swooping condemnation of
tho government's   policy and practice
sinco it was formed—and it was more
a condemnation of thc Liberal section
than tho Tory section of tho ministry.
It was, abovo all, thc voice of tho
awakening working class,  stating in
dear,   unmistakable   terms,   that   the
workers was not satisfied with things as
they wore; not satisfied with tho methods of the govornment   in   dealing
with tho cost of living; not satisfied
with thc profiteering that had been nllowed to go on.    The figures were n
sweeping condemnation of that kind of
mouthing loyalty, phrase-making loyalty, whicli used its power to exploit thc
working class of New Zealand and the
semi-starving people of England.   The
victory was an expression of the workers' dosire not only for better conditions but for a complete change.    It
wns an expression of the opinion of thc
workers of Wellington Central that tho
houses in which they lived were not
good enough for themselves and their
children, and that rents were too high--
that the wholo social conditions and environment were too bnd for tho people.
This result, following tho  splendid
achievements in Wellington North and
Grey, said Mr. Frasor, showed distinctly that the working class had dono with
thc old parties and the old party traditions, and had como to realizo that in
politics and industrial affairs thoy had
to organize with their own party, control their own party, and, through their
party, control the livos and destinies of
every one in thc country.    It was a
great victory for working class princi
pies, but it was only a skirmish in front
of tho great battlo that was to come
The Labor Party could win in Wellington East, retain'Wellington South, nn-d
win Wellington Suburbs, und ultimately
Wellington North.    Thc Labor Party
would carry on a campaign in every
constituency in New Zealand.   He felt
that tho party was on the high road to
national     victory.       (Applnuso    nnd
eheors).
Mr. Tanner
Mr, Tanner, who followed Mr. Fraser
was received with good-humored bandi-
nugc. He said that ho would have withdrawn after nomination, but he realized
that his name hud to say on tho ballot
paper, and he had decided to go on for
the fun of the thing. He regretted the
sudden decease of the National Democratic Party.
Mr. Mack Howled Down   ..
Mr. M. J. Mack (Independent Labor
candidate) next came forward, but wus
refused a hearing. For several minutes
he smilingly faced the boohing and
hooting elements. As ho recognized
that it would bo impossible to make
himself heard, he bowed and withdrew.
Mr. Hildreth's Turn
It was now Mr. Hildreth's turn. He
was greeted with much noise and an
egg, which went high and scattered on
the wall behind him. However, it was
soon manifest that there wus no bitter
feeling against him, and he was nllowed to mnke a brief speech, with interruptions. He expluinod thut he had
come out ns a candidate for the National government because he thought
that it would continuo in office till the
finish of the wur. Ho much regretted
tlmt sootarlan trouble hud been imported into the election.
Mr. Atmore
Mr. Atmore got "on side" with the
Labor supporters at the outBet by say-
ng that the Labor victory meant u
condemnation of thc Nntionnl government's administration, and was an argument, which should be irresistible,
for a general election early noxt year.
A Minister Heckled
Tho Hon. W. D. S. Macdonald next
faced the crowd. In u lull of the noise,
ho suid: "I nm 11 member of the National cabinet, and I want to sny that
I nm one of those who have ulwuys hud
an interest in Labor nnd the Labor peoplo. I wnnt to say further, that your
victory tonight shows that the old saying, "United wc stund, divided WO
full," is still true. I huve to congratulate Lnbor on its unanimity in this contest.   (Here enmo ft count-out).
The minister remarked that the National government had nllowed its candidate to fight thc election ou his own
merits. Tim government had never
tnken up any sido except thc people's
side. There hnd been sonic discussion
ubout the soldier Candidate. His sympathies wero with the soldiers and with
tlieir relatives. He could toll every man
and every woman that the soldiers nnd
their dependents had eightyrmenibeis
of parliament! including the whole cabinet behind them. There was ulso thc
fact* thnt four members of parliament
were fighting in the trenches. Thc soldiers' interests were being woll looked
aftor, The Nntional government recognized taht without Labor's help the
war could not be earriod on.
At this stage tho hoslile sections of
thc crowd drowned the minister's
voice. An egg whizzed ovor tho speaker ,uiid then came a bombardment of
mushy oranges and fragments of other
fruit. The minister, after smilingly
facing tho crowd for somo minutes,
then withdrew.
Mr. H. B. Holland, M. F.
Mr. Holland, momber for Groy, said
that the victory was one for all that
was best in British liberty, and against
all that was worst in Prussian militarism. He only regretted that the primo
minister was not present aB he bad been
after the Wellington North contest.
Out tf every battle Labor had come
"trailing clouds of glory." It was a
victory against Prussian militarism
and war regulations, and the swinging
open of jail gates for honest men and
women. Mr. Fraser had stopped out of
prison into parliament to challenge the
government's policy on the floor of the
House of Representatives. Labor had
driven tho Liberals and Tories into one
camp .and would keep them'there and
beat them thore in overy industrial
constituency. Labor was not afraid of
such phrases as "I. W. W.-ism" and
"Bolshevikism." On the-day when tho
National govornment would come out
of its coward's castle of war regulations, and allow the truth to be told,
ho would tell the truth about EuBsia,
and show who was right and who was
wrong.
Ono other valuo tho victory had, added Mr. Holland. Nevor again would
the sectarian snake bc seen srawling
and hissing thraugh thc ranks of Labor
in New Zealand.
Messrs. R. Semplc and J. McCombs
also spoko in support of Messrs. Fraser
and Holland.
The Successful Candidate
Mr, P. Fraser was born in Bosshirc,
Scotland, in 1884. In his early manhood ho was one of the fighters for the
County Radical and Liberal Association. In 1907 ho joined the Independent Labor Party in London. On his
arrival in Now Zealand ho joined the
Auckland branch of the Socialist Party,
and had a term as president. He was
also president of tho Auckland Goneral
Laborers' Union in 1911. Ho represented thc Federation of Labor in
Waihi during tho strike of 1912 after
thc imprisonment of Mr. W. E. Perry.
At the Unity Congress of 1913, Mr.
Fraser was elected national secretary of
tho Social Democratic Party (of which
ho is how presidont), and was organizer for a timo. Later ho did outside
work until a few months ago, when he
became acting-editor of the Maoriland
Worker, in succession to Mr. H. E. Holland. Mr. Fraser had a prominent part
in the big striko of 1913.
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DEATH OF WILLIAM
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Oalgary Moving Picture Operator Dies
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Bro. William Legg, of the Calgary
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Bro. Legg was also a veteran of the
present war, he having enlistwl very
early in the war, and went overseas
with one of the ilrst Canadian battalions.
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Labor Party Busy
Tho Saskatoon  Lahor Parly is considering thd contesting of tho coming
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is proposed for tho near future. PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY. November 8, 1818
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•'Unity of Labor:   tbe Hop* of tbe World"
• FRIDAY November  8,  litlS
FROM the happoniugs of thc last
day or two, it would appear that
the end of one act in the world's
drama, that commenced in August,
1914, is about over. But many more
nets will be staged
MAKE CANADA before tho world is
SAFE FOR made safe "for do-
DEMOCRACY mocracy." T li e
breaking of the
Germanic militnry machine is only lirst
step iu the way of establishing democracy throughout the world. That
the war has been the starling point of
a real democratic movement in all parts
of the world cannot be denied. Tho
revolution in Russia, no matter what
may bc suid about it and the leaders
of it, was, ia the words of Col. William
B. Thompson and Arthur Ransome,
"the most dnmaging onemy that tho
German autocracy had," and without
doubt tho teachings of tho Russian
revolutionists, who came in contact
with the Gorman troops, is now bearing fruit, True it may be, that until
the Allies had shown by their military
and economic forcos that there was no
chance of success, for the aims of tho
ruling class regime of the Central
Powers, that tho seed sown could not
flourish and come to maturity. But
now that the conditions are favorable,
there is little doubt that the seed so
sown is bringing forth tho first fruits
of that revolution, in other lands. The
future alone will prove what mistakes
wero mado by the allied countries in
their attitudo toward Russia, and as to
what were the real causes for their
actions. For the present a veil is cast
over tho scene, and the truth is not
known. But subsequent events will
reveal the truth to all people, and in
that day judgment will be rendered.
Now that the end of thc war is in
eight it becomes more than over necessary for the people in all countries to
set about the task of setting thoir own
affairs in order.   Much has been said,
and much has been written,   of   the
after-war problems and their solution,
t  but to date nothing has emanated from
any source, except that which has beon
formulated by the working class movement, whieh is likely to be of any use
in the bringing about of democracy in
the world.    Under these conditions, it
becomes nocossary for tho workers of
Canada to undortako the task of bringing about such conditions in this country as will solve the many problems
that must be solved before it can bo
said that Canada is a democracy and J
its peoplo free.   Thero is   ho   doubt
that any radical move, or any attempt
to bring about any radical chango in
tho order  of things, will be met by
opposition.   A   new   term   has   been
placed in the mouths of the reactionaries.    All that was necessary at one
time to damn any movement on the
part of tho  workors towards a new
social order, was to cry anarchy, or
Socialism.    From now on  evory new
move will be met with   the   cry  of
Bolshoviki.   Lurid   pictures   will   be
drawn of the evils to follow anything
that is suggested that is not in line
with thc views of the reactionary element in the land.   Today Liebknecht
iB   preaching  revolution  in   Germany.
More power to him, aud to the growing
revolutionary  movement in  the  lands
so long ruled by the Hohenzollcrn and
Hapsburg regimes.   But it may bc in
the near future, that his efforts to froe
his people from autocracy, will bc heralded as being of a Bolsheviki nature.
This will not, however, occur until the
rovolutionury movement   attacks    the
present  order of society  at  its  very
base by attempting to establish, as it
will attempt to establish, thc co-operative   commonwealth   and    democratic
control of the means of wealth produc
tion.
Millions of lives have been laid down
that democrucy may live. The battlo
fields of Franco and Flanders havo
been drenched in humun blood in ordor
that militarism might be crushed. The
sacrifice will have boon in vain if de
mocracy is not established in all parts
of tho earth. The suffering of the
.people will have been of no account,
•unless militarism is crushed from tho
face of the curth for all time. And
militarism is not yet dead by any
means. Democracy is not yet establish
■ed. Before militarism is crushed und
forever defeated, the method by which
the Germanic ruling cluss built
np its* military machine must
be abolished. Thut militarism was
built up, on an enforced military ser
vine, and only by that mothod was the
military spirit inculcated in the mindB
uf the people. By that menns wero tho
military authorities given power greater than the civil powers. Somewhat
alrallar conditions, as u result of tho
war activities of tho allied countries,
have been established in those coun*
tries. A similar oloment is in every
ono of the allied countries ns was in
thc Central Empires; in other words
the junker element is not by any means
confined to tho land of the Huns and
their allies. This should give food for
thought to every man und woman in
the allied countries, who have sacri
tieed so much, in order that military
autocracy might bo crushed in Europe,
The people have greater political freedom in tho allied countries than thc
Germans or Austrians have ever had,
und on the uso of that political power
rests the future of thc world in. so far
as militarism is concerned.
And what of democracy? So much
'"is been said, and so much written
around this much misunderstood word
that tne average man in the street has
not only become confused as to tho
meaning of tho term, but is lost in a
maze of verbosity, and docs not under-
staad the half of what is meant by tho
different writers and speakers in their
interpretations of whnt democracy is,
or is supposed to bo. Democrucy
means, if it means anything, social
equality. Social equality does not
menu bringing ull to ono common standard of mentality, but it does mean,
that in so far as opportunity is concerned in the securing of tho necessities of life, that all mon shall bc equal.
This cun never be, so long as one class
iu society has tho control of the means
of wealth production. Just as long as
men are compelled, in the words of
Burns, "to ask his follow lordling worm
the leave to toil," just so long will
there be uutoerucy. The two terms
are diametrically opposed, and cannot
live together. Democracy cannot bo
established so long us an industrial
autocracy, exists.
The reactionary elements will oppose
tho repeal of conscription, they will oppose the solutions thut will be demanded by the working class to working
class problems. This is natural, beeause the solution of the working class
problem will mean the loss of the power that the reactionary, and ruling class
element, has retained for so long over
the working class, and will dethrone
tne present industrial autocracy. It
will mean the changing of the prevailing methods of wealth production. Nny,
it will mean the changing of tho entire
social order. Government as we know
it today will have to go.
Stripped of all camouflage, tho returned soldier, and othor aftor the war
problems, arc but tho old problems that
havo boen facing tho world all down
through the ages. Thoy aro at last,
only problems concerned with giving
the roturned men the means whereby
they can live. The same can be said
of all thc other problems that will arise
on thc cessation of hostilities, and
during the period of demobilization, and
after. To all of these problems there
can only be one solution, and that solution is tho democratic control of the
moans of wealth production. With that
solved, all othor problems will disappear like snow before' the summer sun.
For they aro all linked up in the great
problem of getting the things necessary to sustain lifo. The workors can,
and do, produce all thut is necessary
for the welfare of mankind. But they
are denied access to the things which
thoy have produced, because of tho
class ownership of thc means of production. Conscription, tho first step
to military autocracy, must go ns soon
as the object for which it was put into
operation is achieved. Thc abolition
of the wage system, and the setting
up of the co-operative commonwealth
and industrial democracy, with thc
production of wealth for use, instead
of profit, is the only solution of all
the problems that now, and hereafter,
will face humanity. This accomplished, we shall see the end of all government as wc know it today, and it
will bring about an administration of
things, in the interest of tho people.
Proflt will be dethroned. Tho people
will rule, not men, but machines. And
then will the world bo made safe for
democracy, and not until. j
the work of organized Labor in relieving eases of distress causod by the epidemic.
In view of tho so-called high wages
that are being paid to thc workers, and
in viow of the fact that boozo cannot
bo secured, excopt by those who arc receiving moro remuneration than the
average wage worker, the prevailing
poverty cannot be charged to anything
else than the fact that tho workers
do not receive sufficient in wages to
cover their needs. In fact, the workors are never more than a week from
actual starvation, whether it bo in the
piping times of peace or in the times
of prosperity in war time. If these conditions are prevalent amongst the
workers, the dependents of the men
overseas must bo in many cubcs in a
deplorable condition. Yot, what do we
find? We find that tho government is
considering the increasing of the allowances of the dependents of tho men
overseas, and that tho uplifters aro
getting down to business. Small hopes
havo the soldiers' dependents for any
immediate assistance, small hopes have
the workers that the uplifters will aid
thom. The conditions of the workers
will get worse instead of better the
longer the present system survives. It
is not uplift the workers need, it is
thc necessities of life. These they have
produced in abundance, but thoy have
not thc power to take and enjoy that
which they produce. And it is time
thut the soldiers' dependents, and the
workers—thc both in the Inst analysis
are thc same—realized that no one cnn
lend them, or uplift them out of their
misery, and that tho only people thnt
can change these conditions nro tho
working class themselves. Thoy have
tho power, that power is their numbers at tho day of election, but so long
as thoy elect their mastors to represent them, so long will the prosent ruling class reap the benefit of tho labor
of tho wealth producers of the world,
and so long will tho misery of thc
workers continue. Uplift, heavensl
When will the workors tell tho patronizing buBy bodies to got off thoir
backs and then they will need no uplift?
IHE DIMINISHING
UPLIFT AGAIN
TO
THE FORE
The  Hon. Thos. Crothers   has,   for
reasons of ill-health, resigned from the
position of Minister of Labor.   Senator
Gideon Robertson has stopped into the
position.   Organized Labor will heave
a sigh of thankfulness now that the
most incompetent man that over presided over a department such as the
Department of Labor,   has   been   removed from the sphere of activities.
His term of office has been one long
drawn out period of autocracy.   Decisions have been made, that have conflicted with the very laws, that have
been fathered by    the    Minister    of
Labor, und Labor has come to look on
tho department * us a joke, und at the
same time a menace to the activities of
the trade unions.   The appointment of
Senator Robertson will at any rate be
looked upon with some degree of hope
by the labor   organizations.    In   any
cuse the Senator cannot be worse than
tho late incumbent.    When the  now
minister was on the coast, as the representative of the Department of Labor,
endeavoring to scttlo the shipyard dispute in June last, he at least showed
that he could see some of the view
j points of Labor, and it was becauso I
he could see both sides of tho question
that he was able to bring about a settlement.   His experience in the handling of labor disputes should bo of material  udvantago  to him in  his now
position, nnd in view of the fact that
he has been a mombor of a labor organization himself, it may be that a
much better state of affairs  will  be
created, in so far as thc activities of
Labor aro concerned.   Labor will take
a keen interest in tho doings and sayings of the new minister, and will not
attempt to judge him before he has had
timo to show just how ho will handle,
affairs that must come under his jurisdiction.   Onc thing he should do, or
attempt to do at tho outset, that is if
ho has any desire to soo as groat a
measure of industrial  peace as it  is
possiblo to seo under a competitive system, and that is to have tho recent no-
strike  order-in-council  annulled.     We
pass tho suggestion along,  and   trust
that he will be big enough to soo that
with that menace over the   heads   of
the workers, pence is impossible.
The elections in the United tSatcs
are over, and from every indication it
would appear that the Republicans
have made large gains. Thc defeat of
tho Democratic Party at this time is a
•defeat for democracy in thc States. It
must not, however, bc inferred from
this, that tho Democratic Party is
democratic in fact, us well as in name,
but thore arc degrees of autocracy,
just as there ure degrees in democrucy;
in other words, some kinds of autocracy are worse than others. The
Democratic party is not, neither will
it ever be, a people's party; it is just
liko our Liberal and Conservative parties; it stands for the perpetuation of
the present system. The Republican
party, howover, is strongly imperialistic; it is also strongly flavored by the
junker element. The bitter enders, and
thc class that Is looking over for now
fields of exploitation, thc Roosevelts
and the Tafts, arc tho embodiment of
the Republican element in tho United
States.
The only bright spot iu the election
that has shown itself to -date, is   thc
election of Victor Berger in Milwaukee.
This shows that thc Sociulist element
in the United States is not altogether
dead.    With peace iu sight, and thc
many   problems that may  arise from
thc present revolutionary movement in
traffic, Germany aud Austria, the hope of the
which    has    been    looked    upon   by   world lies in the working cluss movo-
the     reformers     as     being    one    of  w"*8 °i (ircul Bfitain'   Fmnco   aml
thc causes of working class poverty, Wj.   If the revolutionary movements
.     ,       .     «,   . xi    "       uu    *,-„      in tho Central   Empires   arc    to   be
has boon i. effect for some: littlo time;  ^     or  .f ^P       ^  ^  ^
and hi spite of   the   fabulously   high orufjh thofi0 movflraontSj thc only poww
wages that have been paid to tho ship- on   top  of  uurth   tlmt  can   auvti   flo.
yard workers for these  many moons, niocracy from destruction entirely,  is
The evidence ot* this poverty amongst tho working class movements of   the
the working class in Vancouver  was countries referred to.    That thoy are
brought  to light by members of the bigand strong enough there is little
THE Social Service Council of Can*
ada, a body formed of church organizations,, und provincial social
sorvico councils, has recently issued a
now publication which is designed to
outline the   objects
of the council.   The
World,   commenting
on tho activities of
this body, has this
to say:
The aims of the council comprise
a far-reaching programme of preventive measures and reforms. Its organ
will advocate, amongst others, the
following: Arbitration in industrial
disputes; insurance against accidents, sickness, unemployment and
old uge; conservation of natural resources and public utilities; mothers'
pensions; single standard of morals;
the rights of the child; adequate public provision for delinquents, dependents and defectivesj-supprcssion
of gambling; improvod housing; prevention of disease; pro vis-ion of adequate recreation; fairer distribution
of wealth.. In a word, an advanced
programme of sociul, oconottdc aud
political reform is outlined for Can-
ada.
Such a programme cannot be worked out in a generation.   But year by
year little can be done—some abuse
remedied, some reform effected.   As
Sir Robert Borden says in a message
of greeting, the work to bo done cannot be accomplished morely by passing laws.    "There must also be individual study   and  effort  resulting
eventually in u  wise and instructed
public opinion,"
From  tho abovo, it can be readily
seen, that we are to hnvo a further effort  made  to  "uplift"  the  working
class of this country.   From the time
when wo were old onough to remember anything at all, tho uplifting of the
lower classes has been going on, but
today we see on every hand evidences
of the futility of the uplift movement.
The present influenza   epidemic   hus
brought to light the fact, that dire poverty is prevalent in the City of Vancouver.   This in spite of the fnct that
prohibition     of     the     liquor
Daughters of the Empire, who have
been acting on thc relief committee
formed to cope with the prevailing epidemic. At u meeting held in the City
Hall on Wednesday afternoon, these
Indies waxed very indignant over the
lack of proper clothing, nnd general
poverty in the homes of mnny of the
workers in the city, who had been
stricken by influenza. They were ulso
evidently surprised to find that in
mnny cuses the homes of the workers
wore short of propor bedding. At this
meeting Mr. Phillips pnid a tribute to
doubt, and wilh men of Henderson's
typo, and the type of men that have
boen representing the French working
class movement at the inter-allied Socialist conferences, in the ascendency,
there is little doubt ns to how those
movements will act.
"Spanish lessons wanted by u native
teacher," was a recent ad. in the local
press. Still willing lo learn, even if he
is a teacher, eh?
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Socialist Economics Alone
Can Give the True
Cause
Few people care much about political
economy except workingmen and especially Socialists. There are certain social phenomena that the average business man does not cure three straws
about. What he is interested in is making money; the elaborate investigation
of the real reason for his profits, just
as long us he is making profits, he is
not interested iu it at all. Because tho
analysis of capitalist produetion noith-
er adds nor subtracts one red cont from
tho loss and gain in his ledger, ho re
gards it fitfully ns a wholly useless
thing.
Not so the worker. He knows that
there must be somo good aud sufficient
reason why he is, as an employee, working fhe hardest and getting the least. He
is interested in understanding that so*
cial process whieh condemns him to
perform thc most sordid drudgery and
often enough fails to give him enough
to live on.
If sensible ho will reform thnt condition, then sensibly he must know the
reason why these things are so. Hence
then of nil the propor studios for him,
none transcends in vital importance the
study of political economy or economics
as many prefer to nnme this subject
with the shorter title.
Now in these days of the discussion
ou the diminishing purchasing power of
gold, nothing roveals tho poverty of
knowledge upon thc part of business
and professional interests on thc subject of economics as do the various
plans that havo beon suggested for thc
purposo of reviving the gold industry
nnd helping out the poor capitalist who
has invosted in the gold mines of thc
nation and who in these days of luscious profits, finds that he is not getting
his share. At onco ho believes that this
or that will bo a remedy, and he has at
last resorted to the silly expedient of
endeavoring to pull himself out of the
muck of commercial and industrial depression into which the gold industry
and himself have gono floundering with
his own boot straps.
The longer we live, tho more assured
we arc of thc innate ignorance of the
employing classes as a wholo. Their
ability to control the legal and economic field alone showing shrewdness and
cunning that is the natural characteristic of power and privilege.
What gives an article exchange
value?
All commodities have a definite something common to them all. Some have
more of it, some have less. And without any question the varying quantities that they possess of this common
attribute ,will be the varying propor
tions in which they will exchange ono
with another.
Thus a barrel of potatoes in proportion to a bale of cloth will have relative values which are expressed in the
medium of exchange. Whut is it that
each of these have in common that they
will be able to havo it oxpressed in dollars and conts.
On thc other hand tho proportion of
labor power used in the production of
a barrel of potatoes and the proportion
of labor used in tho production of a
bolt of cloth are quantativo relations,
expressed to perfection in dollars and
cents. So that when ono is exchanged
one with the othor, what is exchanged
is the product of the quantity of labor
power expended in the fields and used
in producing a barrel of spuds, with a
similar amount of labor power used in
manufacturing a definite amount of
cloth.
This relation, this value relation, is
expressed in terms of the medium of exchange, which in turn varies, not bo-
cause the value varies, but because the
social demand varies in relation to the
supply.   Sometimes when tho supply is
(Continued on page 5)
Shipyard Workers
ATTENTION
Aftor tlmt mid wet day whon you
ure chilled to the bono you will want
a good lint Imtli and 'h warm liimsi-.
Wo have sueh a placo near Wo
Klngsway carlino—- a 5c faro.
This house has a tight roof.
It In artistically decorated within
and freshly  painted without.
It was built for tho owner himself,
so you could live in it Ave years and
Ki'l your money back. W.o could always  Bell  It for you.
The price.and terms are right.
It has a large garden of fertile
soli and somo fruit trees.
Tho ground -slopes gently to the
east, affording drainage, so the basement Is dry and healthy.
There is city water, sewerage connections, electric light, bathroom and
toilet; a full basement with laundry
tubs and hot atr furnace.
If interested kindly call or phone
the undersigned.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 HASTMQS STBEET WEST
Phone Seymour 9086
—WE—
Buy and Sell
Victory Bonds
Phone Bond Dept      Sey. 1424
JOSEPH F. MORRIS
353  PENDEB  STBEET WEST
BONDS
If yon are considering the purehua
or we of Government or Municipal
bondi eommaQieatt with
FATBIOK  DOmraLlY
786 OrwrUIt Bt. Vuconnr, B. O.
"STEELITE"
THE FAMOUS BRAND OF
Solid Leather Footwear
Work Boots for Hen
School Boots for Boys and Girls
All Solid Leather Throughout, and
There's Double Wear in Every Pair
SOLD ONLY AT THE
KBoot Shop
319 HASTINGS ST. WEST
and at WOODS, Limited, 160 Cordova Street West
Grand Opening of Toyland
Bring the Children to This Wonderland
Headquarters I
for
China
and
Toys
Never did your kiddies aee so much happiness
crowded together. Here ure smiling dolls and funny
clowns; toys that dance and walk; toys that sing
and talk; choo choo cars and honking automobiles;
cozy buggies for dolly; great big doll houses with
regular rooms; Arc engines with galloping horses;
toy furniture; toy dishes; ferocious man-eating
animals and mully cows; guns with real belts of
ammunition; armored tanks; battleships; toy tools
—and scores of other unique toys liko gay colored
tups that play u tune and spin to beat the band.
Bring the childron. Let them LIVE just for a
day in this wonderful Toy World which to them
surpasses tho moat iridescent dreams of Fairyland.
GRAND OPENING SATURDAY
MILLAR & COE
LIMITED
419 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Secure A Fine Birth-Gem Ring
Most men nowadays do not feel fully dressed unless they
have a ring—cither a signet or a stone ring of some kind.
Wo have some specially fine birthgem rings for men, full
in size and of a quality whieh any man would be pleased
to wear.   Such a ring is good for a lifetime.
Garnets, amethysts, bloodstones, diamonds, rubies,
sardonyx, sapphires, topaz.
BIRKS
1. E. TSOBBT. Hu. mr.
Oranvllle and Georgia Sta.
—savi took Honrr—
SIABT A BAIS AOOO0R Dl
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't itow s-sj yonr iput wik li
ftnjr old eorner whon lt is ln dwi-u
from burgUn or fire.
Tko Merchant* Buk of Canid* titers you perfect iifetjr for tout
monoy, tod will give yon full bttUlf
■ervlce, whetker your toooaut U lugs
or until.
Interett Allowed on minis dept*
■lu.
O. V. STAOBT, UftUftT
axwruit tad Ptnltr
W. 0. JOT, Miutir
Httttnfl ud OtfftU
aCORPOBATBD 1888
Bank of Toronto
Assets  984,000,006
Deposits — 68,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account mty bo
opened tt The Btnk of Toronto
la tht names of two or mere
penont. In thete Moonnti either
pirty mty sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
t ftmily or t firm a joint aeeonnt Is
often a treat convenience. Interest Is
paid on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Corner Hasttnfs and CwMa Starts
Branches at:
Victoria. Merritt,  Hew Wtstmlnstw
Dentistry!
•nw, irMfti ud roam
■Ui tht aamt ebtte ai fen ova
aitanl MIL
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evening. 7:80 to  8:M.
Dental mine in ettendeneo.
BOB.   OUOTSiIiB   AMD   I01IOI
SIEBBIS
Onr Owl Dni Eton
Phono ttt. »>S»
Notary Public
A.  W.  WHXTAE1B
439 Richards Street
Shipwrights
Tho Shipwrights report a large number of membors down with  flu.   Bo
far no death havo   occurred   amongst
the members of this organization.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
346 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
To memben of any anion In Canada a
apeeial rate (or Tie Federationlit, ,1.95
per year—II a olnb of 10 or mow la Italia.
"Tbe Home Behind tha Ooods"
"Lend the Way
They Fight"
Buy Victory Bonds
How many?
To your utmost
THE W. H. MALKIN CO., LTD.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
"Your Country Is Calling"
 At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Stores	
IF YOU NEED
AN OVERCOAT
BUY IT NOW, AND BUY IT AT THE RED ARROW STORES
You will find qunlity botor and prices moro reasonable than you expect
because we bought early on thc lower markot, but cannot buy again nt
the same -iricos, so those who buy here now will havo great advantage in
both quality and prico.
OVERCOATS-In   _   largo   variety   of   colorings   and   stylos,   at
$20, $25, $30, $36, $40 to $50
^^. BAINCOATS—In tho new twood-eovorod
AW^ styles;  plain  grey uud   fancy   plaids;
^^T somo with and somo without belts.
^__f_m____^_ Frkm  '16' '18> '20 ~i $25
Headquartera   for  Union  Men's  Outfits*
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alao 814-616 Yatei St., Victoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign . PBIDAY...
...November 8, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
CONSERVATION
Everyone at this day and timo is CONSEBVINO—and the question of
the ways and moans of providing that very important home element—
the piano—is a problom oecupying the mind of the intelligent and loving father who desires to give his children a musical education and at
the same time MAKE EVERY DOLLAB COUNT in the purchase.
In this connection wo desire to speak WITH EMPHASIS of the
MONTELIUS PIANO—built for us in accordonoo with OUB OWN
PABTIOULAB SPECIFICATIONS to withstand our trying B. C. climate.
GOVERNMENT BY
Tho Montolius, of staunch construction, beautiful tone and responsive
action, fulfills every musical requirement, is
BOLD AT A MODERATE PBIOE
on reasonable terms.    Workmanship uud material arc absolutely and
FULLY GUARANTEED.
TWO CARLOADS JUST RECEIVED in Mahogany, Oak ami Walnut,
afford intending purchasers practically an unrestricted choice.
Montelius Piano House
524-528 GRANVILLE STREET
VANOOUVER, B. 0.
Freedom   of   Press   and
Every Other Liberty
Now Gone
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
These Womens' Shoes at $7.50
SET   A   NBW   STANDARD   IN
VALUE GIVING
If we had to purchase these shoes in
today's market the priee would be
much higher, but because we were
fortunate in securing them early,
before prices had advanced to such
an extent, you are offered a shoe
value difficult to duplicate anywhere, i
Black Kidskin Boots, 8 1-2 inch top.
Tour choice of three different heels,
vis.: Cuban, Military and Walking
—at the moderate price of $7.50.
GOODWIN SHOE CO.
119 HASTINOS STREET EAST
Shoes for the Whole Family
iWamn & fitarft Jframra
"FROM   FACTORY TO  HOME"
CONCLUSIVELY PROVEN
Mason & Risch Piano—a sound investment which assures an instrument in
keeping with the highest standard for
years to come.
The value, durability and tonal perfection of the
Mason & Risch Piano have been-so conclusively
proven that they ave accepted facts. The
Mason & Risch Piano is without a peer.
It is sold to you direct—you buy from tho manufacturer,
through a "Factory to Home" plnn that carries you
around the middleman—you savo his expense nnd profit.
No whero in the world where
pianos are Hold could yoa net ft
better used piano than we now
offer. It's a MASON * RISOH
PIANO, a thoroughly good instrument. This prloe teaches the in-
valuable lesson that ft GOOD used
piano need not necessarily be a
HIGH PRICED one. Thla is a
rare   chanco   at d*OOC
a    rock    bottom a/XQ
MASON &  RISCH  LIMITED
738 OBANVILLE STEEET VANCOUVER BLOOK
CITY MARKET
FISH DEPARTMENT
Howe Sound Salmon
6c per pound
FRESH COD AND HALIBUT
Soles - 5c per lb.
Skate 5c per lb.
PILLETS-WE SPECIALIZE
Cured Fish Specials
Smoked Salmon - 15c and 20c per lb.
Salt and Gray Pish 10c per lb.
Smoked Cod Fillets - 15c per lb.
Bloaters—Special 4 lbs. for 25c
Smoked Pilchards - 10c per lb.
Kippers 3 lbs. for 25c
Salt Herring - 30c per doz.
Tho    immortal    Shakespeare    says,
"How oft the sight of means to do ill
deeds makes ill deeds done/' and during tho past four years the student will
have observed that the master   class
has nover lost an opportunity to cripple
the mentality of tho slave and to rivet
tho chains of serfdom more firmly on
his limbs.   Tho government of Canada
is tho most autocratic in the Empiro,
and the most ignorant on the planet.
Nover in the history of capitalism has
any executive committee or the master
eluss   acted   as   foolishly as tho ono
now acting at Ottawa. One would think
that they wero deliberately trying to
goad tho working class to revolt by the
way thoy are trying to run tho country.
The average working man has no do-
sire to strike, no -desiro to cause friction between himself and the boss, and
ho abhors tho dislocation of industry.
Ho wants tb work steadily and comfortably.    He has his family to think of,
and they suffer if he is idle, but he is
drivon by the insano mismanagement
of  things  throughout tho  country to
often lay down his tools in sheer disgust.   Government by orders-in-eounoil
is tho ordor of the day.   "Thou shalt
not strike" is tho lateBt mandate Who
is this govornment anyhow, that dares
to tako away, ono by ono, thoso privileges that wo are supposed to enjoy as
British subjects?   It is the bunch that
were railroaded to power at the last
election.   The working mon in Canada
at least will never again be in -doubt as
to the function of government.    The
gang at Ottawa has given the game
away.   All the timo this war has been
in progress, tho working people, both
men and women, have been toiling and
suffering to bring into being the things
that are necessary to carry the war to
a successful conclusion.    The reward
they have received is such that all that
was dear to them in the shape of liborty haB boen taken away.    Tho war
has been fought to make  the world
safe from autocracy.   Jn so far as this
country is concerned, it has been unsuccessful,   for  never   was   autocracy
more   blatantly   apparent   than   here.
Many of those working mon who are
endeavoring to bring into being a real
democratic spirit are rovilled and insulted by the gutter press and hurled
into goal by the powers that bo. Things
are approaching a crisis, and unless the
government  shows  some   glimmer  of
sanity, we aro likoly to havo serious
trouble.   The Labor leaders in this province aro at the present time a levelheaded body of men, and it is to be
hoped that thoy will not be driven by
the vomit o fthe gutter press to commit
any indiscreet act.
Tho cry pro-German is stale now, because it is known that most of the prominent men in the movement are of old
country stock.   There are no old country people disloyal.  They figure things
out somthing like this: "Well, Britain
may bo full of faults, but at the samo
time, she's tho best there is," and undoubtedly thoy are right, because there
is in tho old land more political elbow
room than in any othor capitalist country.   This is not due to the generosity
of the ruling class, but to the pluck of
tho common people.    Wo would that
Canada   possessed   tho   spirit   of   the
motherland.   We would that the working class was as ready to fight for the
maintenance of the rights we are told
aro ours, but wo arc sorry to say that
tho Canadian  population is almost as
servile as the bunch usross the line, and
that gang will havo to bo born again
before it will havo oven a conception
of what real liborty hieans.   Tho working men  and  women  in  Britain  are
moving ahead, and it is up to us to
prove ourselves worthy of boing classed
us their kin.    Lot us, like them, challenge the right of the muster class to
control tho state.   Let us take our politicnl destiny into our own hands.   It is
time thut something wns done.    There
■is misery throughout the  length und
brcudth of the land.   On almost evory
job we find discontent and dissatisfaction.   In order that wo may tide over
our present troubles, free und open discussion is  absolutely  necessnry.    The
government acts as if it could not trust
thc people.    If it can't, it is time it
gnvo place to a power that hud thc
public confidence.    It will require the
brightest minds thc Dominion possesses
to keep the ship afloat when tho wur is
ovor.   Tho policy of tho government is
strangling the mentality of the nation.
Now is the time for any man who has
anything to offer that will improve the
quality of our social life to come forward and speak.   He should have the
liborty to do this, and not bc prohibited
by  "ordor-in-council"  from  pointing
the way to salvation.   Wo want a free
pross.   We want free speech moro than
ever.   We are doomed unless our best
men havo opportunity to show what is j
necessary to build up tho country.  The
Canadian people will co-operate nationally if the ruling class will allow them
to do so, and co-operation is ncccssury
to avert -disaster.    Thc master class,
howover, trios to keep tho workers divided because they cun't remuin tho muster class unless they do.    Things are
getting steadily worse and whatever is
done to benefit the world will have to
bo done by that class to which you and
I belong.    Fellow working men, don't
let tho ruling clnss lead you on uny
moro fulse trails.   The position is plain.
The master cluss controls the government, and through tho government passes orders-in-council forbidding you to
striko, forbidding you to do anything,
but make profits for them.  This is your j
glorious reward uftor four yenrs of war.
The reins of government must be wrested from thc hands of the master class.
Thc cry of the worker must henceforth
be,  "All  the  power to  Labor," and
we must work ub never beforo to educate our class to enable it to realize
its historical mission.   Don't let us bc
slackers.     We have got  to hurry to
catch up with our brothors in thc Old
Country.     This   war  will  hnve   boen
worth tho sacrifice if at its conclusion
thc world is made renlly freo.    It is
free  when  every  man  hns  his   meal
ticket guaranteed independent of overy
other man, it is freo whon Labor is recognized us king.   It is free when the
earth is tho property of the tollor, and
its fruits are for  his enjoyment and
development, but this consummation so
devoutly to bo wished, will never bo
realized so long us we are ruled by orders-in-council.     The   present   government hus been triod in tho balance, uud
found too much.   The sooner wo uro rid
I DEFEATED
But Democracy Is Not Yet
Established in the
World
The clean and complete defeat of tho
Central Powers ia now assured.    The
censorship is not lifted as a result of
this, and is not likely to be for some
time to come.   Nevor were tho Dominion sleuths so eager to hunt down thoso
individuals who are suspected of having literature in their posession, that
the masters consider is unfit for the I
servants' perusal, than they aro at tho
present time.   Never did the capitalist
class display such anxiety regarding tho
thoughts of the working man than it
docs at this moment.   ThiB is the hour
of victory, this is the time for rejoicing
and why is it that thingB aro falling
fiat? Why is it that there are not more
spontaneous outbursts of joy and thankfulness?    Perhaps the Flu has something to do with it, but we have had
thc fiii beforo, though porhaps it did
not affect us to the same extent as on
this visit.    There is something about
tho psychology of the  slave that is
troubling tho mind of tho master.   Instead of a bright blue sky, wo huve
clouds gathering as for a storm.   The
war has drawn the cluss lino taut, and
in overy belligeront country, with the
possible exception of the United States,
the workers, aye, and the masters also,
instinctively realizo tho position. Thore
is not a sane man or woman who desires to see the country in which he or
sho lives degenerate into a condition
of anarchy and chaos.   The artisan is
naturally   peaceful,   his   work   being
around the machine of industry, and he
abhors anything that tends to -disturb
the even tenor of his industrial life.
He  will   stund  an   almost   unlimited
amount of provocation before he can
bo drivon to act against those whom ho
has been led to believe are his superiors.   Generally speaking, whatever they
say goes.    They know better than he
does, etc., but there arc certain limits
beyond which the muster class must not
venture,.and lately in Canadu the rulors havo gone too far. It is well known
throughout tho Empire that there is
more autocracy in Canada than in any
other portion of the British Dominions.
The Canadian born soldier who before
the wnr never had the opportunity to
visit the motherland, will come back
with his mind broadened ,and his vision
enlarged.     His   attitude   toward  the
workers in tho Old Country will have
undergone, a change.    He will realize
how much further udvuncod they are
than he had uny conception of, and he
will undertake the task of setting his
own house in order.   This wur has enabled every thinking individual to realize how small a place the world is,
after all, and how inter-dependent tho
different peoples are.   The fate of Canada will bo largely determined by what
happens in other lands ,and the world
iB moving fast.    The downfall of the
Hohenzollcrn and the Hapsburgs will,
it is to be hoped, bring immediately
to destruction all the thrones of Europe.
The rise  of tho   German   Socialist
movoment    is    now    practically    us-
sured,    und    if    it    has    the    sume
offect     on     thc     world     ut     lurgc
PAGE FIVE
J. F. BURNS
Leather Goods Store
LMIh' Hud Bags a Bpedtitj
All Kind* of High Grade
Travelling Gooda
61. OBANVILLE STBEET
Paone Sey. 2114   Vincoimr, B.O.
What's in a Name?
To m&mile tie word "Oipttea"
■wa tin but 1b Ue w.rtd-t* Tu-
OMnc the
Orpheum Cafe
■mm the beet Mttif piece to tem;
■uie ul deutof to the ereatof.
Drop ta ia? tue. Blajeet taut
home ta Vuoonm.
hi ouanua     o».
Lleena. No. 10-1TB8
Ik
m.
MINIMUM WAGE BOARD
Province of Britiah Colombia
NOTICE
Is hereby given that, pursuant to Chapter 66
of thto Statutes of 1918, being the "Minimum Wage Act," ,a publio meeting will be
bold at tbe Court Honie, in the City of Vancouver, on Wednesday, November 18, 1018,
at 10 a. m., for the purpose of hearing any*
one intereited la th-e establishment of a mini-
mom wage for women engaged in mercantile
occupations in the Provinoe of British Columbia; tbat U to aay, employments fn all places
where goods are sold or exposed or offered
for sale, Including cigar stands, fruit stands,
news standi, millinery establishment!, drug
stoves, book and stationery stores, bakery
and confectionery stores, produce bouses,
dairies and machinery inpply houiei, ete.,
ete.
A cordial invitation to be preient is extended to all those wbo desire to be heard
on tbe above question before a minimum
wage li determined.
MINIMUM WAGE BOARD FOR THB PROVINOE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
J. D. McNIVEN, Chairman.
HELEN GREGORY MACGILL.
THOMAS MATTHEWS.
Victoria, B. O., Oot. 28, 1018.
CHANGE OF SATE
Owing to the continuunce of the influenza epidemic and the prohibition'of
public gatherings, the above meeting,
advertised for the 13th inst., has been
postponed until Wednesday, December
4th, 1918, at the same hour and place.
MINIMUM WAGE BOABD.
articles uro usually sold either above
or below their value, varying as the
supply varies to the demand.
Now take thingB as they are today.
Socially necessary labor, that is labor
that is not wasted in useless production,
is scarcer than ever owing to the fact
thut the wur is using up so many labor
productive machines in an entirely destructive and non-productive field of
human endeavor.
But the world just the sume has got
| amount of material which during nor-
mul times, would be quite useless.
Hence tho removal of this productivo
labor, which has, in that removal from
its productive spheres, lost none of its
consuming capacity, the product of the
labor that remains becomes of intensified relntivo worth when engaged in the
production of whut the world noeds.
Food, clothing und such things then uro
in greater demand in u failing supply.
Hence in proportion to otber things,
the prices of these food and clothing
commodities are increasing. Thc main
business of the world is wur just now,
and the material for carrying on this
war is in intensified demnnd. Everything else is superfluous as far as the
social use is concerned ,and for this
reason nil war material like food and
clothing is in excessive demand nnd tho
prico increusus.
Compared to these articles, gold is
economically speaking u non-cssentiul.
Its function ns u medium of exchange
is its only important function, uud the
only function to which socioty puts it
as far us its uso value is concerned. Its
commercial uses are relatively negligible.
,,„,  ,.     „     . —     —0-. (0 ijy fe(j &n_ clothed, and in addition,
that the Bussian movement produced, htts t0 bo m ^ „? momou_
we aro in for stirring times.  The great- ■ -    -
est compliment over paid Tommy Atkins has eome from Austria. It is understood thnt thc Austrian people requested that if any foreign troops wero
sent to police their country ,they would
prefer them to be English.   This shows
that in spite of the hatred generated
by the conflict, Tommy has succeeded
in winning the respect and confidence
oven of his enemies.
The working class of the world is
now compelled to move as u class.   Thc
ond of the present war means to somo
extent the throwing off of the mask.
The world is now safe for capitalist democracy,  but capitalist  domocracy is
not what the working mnn deBircs.  He
hus beon fighting in (bis wur in a semiconscious sort of wuy for a better state
of things for himsolf. Hus he improved
his lot in life?   No, not yet, but he is
going to claim his reward.   The master
class has hung moro chains on him by
orders-in-council and other ruling class
paraphernalia, and the powors that bc
will do their utmost to so fix the worker
that after the war, ho will stand less
chance of moving on his own bohalf
than   beforc.     As   thc   student  looks
around, however, he perceives signs of
another conflict arising out of thc nshes
of the  present  one.     Peaee  for any
length   of   timo   is   impossible,   even
though  every momber of tho Centrnl
Empires is  destroyed.    The economic
factor is the dynamic factor.   It says
to the world, "step in line, keep step,
or stop out," and nothing but war cun
follow thc war until capitalism is replaced by the new social ordor.   It is
not the way the human family wants
to gu, but it is the way it has to go.
Capitalism is played out.    It stands
without a single lie left to conceal its
hidoous nuturo, Gormany is defeated,
and now thc cry must ho "Down with
capitalism." Working men of the
world, think of tlie sufferings your
class has endured during this war.
Think of your forbears ground up for
profits gonoration after gonoration, and
cry with one voice, "wo will havo tho
hideous beat no longer.'' The world is
fair and beautiful. It contains all the
material necessary to enable overy human being to enjoy life. Lifo as the
worker hus known it in the pnst, has
not been worth having, becnuse he was
denied the means of living, Lino up
now once for all, members of tho working cluss. Voto to get possession of;
the reins of government. Abolish capi- j
tulism. Abolish the profit system, nnd
the life that is lifo shall bo given you,
greatly increased and the supply too
therefore increased in proportion to the
demand, men like Bryan, and his followers immersed in the superstition of flat
money, like the bewildered gold mining
magnates today, have Bought to have
the government give a fictitious value
to the silver by controlling it, and by
subsidizing mining costs and by a governmental flat declaring that one dollar
is worth two, as tbe gold men do today.
The capitalist system is a commodity
system. It is fairly and squarely built
upon the profits of exchanging values,
When the exchanging of values manifests dry rot in the very heart of the
system, are Socialists wrong in holding
that the whole -damn system will not
bo long standing erect and that it will
bo soon a brand lit for the burning, to
be replaced by a system based upon thc I
saner method of exchanging the product j
of Socialized labor power.—Exchange.
Hotel and Bestaurant Employeee
A number of the members who were
laid up with influenza, are now back at
work, and business in general it improving in the restaurants. Two of the
members are branching out in business
for themselveB, Bros, Hans Christie and
Joe Bicard, and will open a restaurant
1 on Cordova street, opposite the C. P. B.
depot, called tne Hockaway, on or about
November 9. The loeal desires to draw
the attention of orgainzed labor to the
1 following restaurants, who are still antagonistic to the union, in so far as being opposed to hiro union help: Mclntyre 's Cafe, Post Offico Cafe, McLeod's
Cafe. Tet after all, are the proprietors
of these restaurants to blame as much
as their help, who cannot soe far
enough to realize tlmt orgunized lubor
has been the means of keoping up their
weokly wago and bettering their conditions generally. In spite of nil this,
they still hesitnte to orgnnizo for thoir
own protection.
Patronize B. C. Foderationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
THE DIMINISHING VALUE OF
OOLD
(Continued from page 4)
of it the hotter.
excessive the price is below the actual
vnlue of the article sold, sometimes
when the supply is inadequate to moot
the social demand the price is above
(he labor values,'and sometimes when
the supply is equal In the -demand, and
neither above nor below Ihe social do*
mnnd, the price is expressive of tho
actual value.
In ordinary usage, thai is ns tliing.s
go in the world of commodities, thn
third condition is seldom realized, nnd
Now as a medium of exchange today
gold hus more a theoretical than a
practical value. To represent tho values
that are being consumed, gold enough
in tho world today does not exist. * A
system of credits, paper money uud so
forth bused upon future production of
gold us well as thc gold in circulation
today ,aro sent forth and perform
functions similar to those required of
gold in the commercial world ns a medium of exchange. Hence with its func
tion filled successfully by paper, by
credit systems and whut not, tho
mediate demand for gold is not as intensive as the immediate demand for
food and wur material, ami henco its
purchasing power which is its price,
goes down. It will not buy (which is
tho expression we use for exchange for)
as much as formerly und as thc war
goes on and the demand for food and
so forth increuscs, the decline in gold
values is remarkable.
Now the person that feels this the
most is not the gold mino operator, but
the day laborer. By conventional acceptance, gold has been believed to bo
stable standard of vnlue. And when a
person got three years ago $8 a day
and today gets _>. n dny, we say his
ages have been increased hy a dollar
in throe years. Now no such thing is a
fact. It is positively incorrect, and it
would he far more correct to understand that the man with his $4 today
is gelling less than his $.1 a dny throe
years ago.
For wages represent whnt it costs to
maintain and reproduce a like amount
of lahor power as has been sold to tho
employer. It is represented in dollars
and cents, of course, but only because
those dollars and conts aro supposed to
supply Ihe worker with the purchasing
power I'or his maintenance and the
means of reproducing the lahor power
sold to the employor.
Because the doenhe of tho purchasing
power of silver was marked long before
the war, and in that ported of thc
world's history because tho improvement in mining anil reduction anil me-
talurgieal processes generally had greatly reduced the cost of mining and accordingly the amount of silver thnt was
made   available   for   circulation   wns
Here's a Boot for
You, Mr. Workingman
Evory laboring man in British Columbia should know more ubout
this Boston Calf Special of ours. It's n solid, sturdy Boot, built for
-—■- renl hard wear; two full
soles of Hyndman's best
oak stock; solid leather
counters und box  toes;
wr -OS <____•**_ \Wi_F__ Uppers    of    BotftOIl    calf,
^EMUNfr^miirl soft   and   pliable,   nnd
specially treated for the
wot weather; we've
sold it here for years,
and it nlways gives
the best of satisfaction. Other stores
charge easily $1.50 a
pair more. Johnston's
price Is—
A Boot for the man wbo wants something just » little tighter
is our No. 1 Box Call' Blucher, with medium soles of oak tail
leather. It's serviceable and comfortable i'or thc man who
needs a medium weight Boot. Neat in appearance, and
guaranteed to wear. You'll pay $6.50 I'or Boots no better.
Try these out at Johnston's price of—
$5.50
UNION MADE SHOES FOR MEN
Wn curry Bells, Slater Shoe Co., Geo. A Sinter, Lcckios nnd
other well-known union-made goods.
o*iq fcLvKcB-j
.VZH  /tJSrtt/.vsrSR-B C
lit,
t.u-.'-Hq
i cf tl
-1
r
J
\m
fcl
ZJ
'   v.. '•*   ",
■ • .*. 5
'Vas   -
'/        '  i? /■ PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY. November 8, 1918
25 per Cent, of the Human
Bones Are in the Foot
A T FIRST thought, this might seem impossible—but a fact
just the same. Furthermore, 90 per eent. of all foot
troubles arc caused by mis-fitting. It is to overcome this that
the Regal Shoe Company have created the greatest number of
widths, sizes and lasts of any shoe made today—850 different
FITS for your kind of a foot. You'll find real foot ease in a
REGAL SHOE.   Suppose you give them a chance.
"Maple Leaf" Last $11
Of medium straight, well rounded
—neither recede nor high toe. A
"betwixt nnd between'' model,
for tho non-extremist. Easy walking, half-inch heel, and heavy,
single solo of onk-tanned leather.
In black and brown kid and
"cherry calf."
Price, $11.00
The "Arena" Last $8.50
Specially designed Fall weight,
lace or button boot, with semi-
high toe, double sole and medium
walking heel. Also designed for
tho man desiring style and moderation, combined with lots of
comfort.
In Black Calf, $8.60'
In Brown  $9.00
Help to PUSH the Huns 'cross the Rhine
BUY VICTORY BONDS
i"»"-i"»"»-«eiiiii>-i"i"e"i"i'H"i'H"i"i"«">"»"i"t"»
BEOAL
SHOES
WILSONS'
Exclusive Men's Store
157-159 Hastings St. W.
New Onnble Street
BEOAL
SHOES
DON'T RUN THE RISK
TDEMEMBBR the pain and suffering caused by aching
teeth—diseased nerves—abscessed roots. When teeth
go wrong, they can hurt—and they are especially liable
to go wrong during winter.
Avoid all this danger by allowing me to go over your teeth now
and advise you as to thoir condition. If you are pressed for
time, pkoue and moke an appointment.
X-Bij Uni taken It n«ei-
■tr-/;   tut-yur  gurutMi
liven.
PHOKB SET. SSS1
BzunlntUoni  made  on
phon appointment..
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown and Bridge Specialist
608 Hastings Street Weet, Oor. Seymour
Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings until 8 o'clock
Registered
Smax Bread
EVBBY TASTE A SMACK
"SMAX"--an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000 UNION MADE.
THE WOMEN'S
Cakes and Pastry
ARE WHOLESOME, NUTRITIOUS AND
UNION MADE
0
PHONE FAIRMONT 3000
im; the "Rise" or Expansion of Wheat
THE housewife, nfter mixing the flour, adding the yenst nnd
kneading the dough, sets it in a warm placo to rise overnight. Our chemists do tho stiino thingi but in graduated
measures. Only whent (tested in flour form) rising to the highest given point* in the measure being nccepted for milling into
I
MHKEI
Tho greator "RIbo" t« in proportion to
tlio amount of gluten the flour contnins.
A largo) woll sprung, pvon-twttufou loaf
resulting from tho batch in tho glass
lo tho loft, whilo ii poor ■appearing,
fliniiUcr Insif will rosult from thu contents of glass on the right.
This Ih one ot tho wiiys Royal Ktandnrd Flour
bflBt liftKO for USO wllli wnr ■ubstitutes. Givo
bout banc Ior uho with wnr ttubstlttucH. Givo
It a tririi.    Sold by nil grocers.
Vancouver Milling & fym (o. lip
MAIN OFFICE ANO MILLS-VANCOUVER    <
Branchw- Victoria - Nanaimo -Npw Wtstmmster-Mission Ciy
SCHOOL OF TOMORROW
'[By J. S. Woodswortli]
It is strange how indifferent the vast
majority nf people are to tho education
of thoir children. Evon the more
thoughtful of thc workers are more concerned with quostions of wnges and
work conditions than with the public
schools. Yet it is qiuto possible that
tho shortest rond to industrial domocracy lies through the public achool.
Although the public school as an institution is social in character, its spirit
and methods are individualistic and reactionary.
Did you ever examine the curriculum
from a working-class stan-dpointl Literature is replote with excellent stories
and poems that could bo used as reading lessons or later as studies in language or composition. Glance through,
for example, Upton Sinclair's anthology, "The Cry for Justice." Yot
how muny selections of this kind find
a place in our text books. Arithmetic
might hardly be expected to toach economics und yet almost every set of
exercises presupposes commercial practices which largo numbers of tho workers regard as forms of exploitation.
These thc childron como to regard as
normal and right and as unnltcrablo
as mathematical truths. Geography
whicli might be made most fascinating
is still largely a memorizing of names.
Sometimes it is worse. Por example,
it is statod that as no natural boundaries such as rivers or mountains separate two European countries it is
necessary to have two lines of fortifications. Why it is not necessary to havo
two lines of forts between Canada and
tho United States is not discussed. But
fancy teaching children the necessity of
keeping nations apart and armed I Then
history—largely dates and kings and
wars I Tho people and their struggles
and thoir triumphs are hardly mentioned. If they are, all that is in the dim
and remote past. The Magna Charta or
tho Bill of Eights may be '' tho foundations of British liberty" but what
teacher would venture today to protest against the suspension of tho habeas corpus act or freedom of speech
—much less to suggest that new charters and rights had still to bo won beforc tho British people aro truly freo?
Then what is taught is not all printed in the curriculum. Plans arc now
being laid for a patriotic drive. As
never before, flag-flying and national
prejudices and imperial ambition and
military and naval enthusiasm are to bo
inculcated and fostered. Will thc workers sit silent and apathetic? Propaganda meetings may be all very well
but it will take more propaganda meetings than can bc held to offset thc
persistent daily influence of the classroom.
To a certain extent wo are, of course,
helpless. Education has become centralized. Uniform text books are used.
Term examinations and departmental
inspection mako any local modification
almost impossible. Thc board of trustees do not direct the educational policy. They are given the high privilege1
of providing buildings and supplies and
teachers' salaries and generally standing as a buffer gotween tho department
and tne people.
The methods of teaching arc also individualistic. Of course, children are
taught in groups—large groups and
thoro is littlo onough regard to individual ability or aptitude. Tho mothod
reminds one of the way wo used to fill
cartridges; so much powder and a wad
and ram it down; so much shot and a
wad and ruin it down; rim it and the
job is done—next the same. So with
the children so much arithmetic or
spelling or history. Ram it down—same
dose for each and the children arc loaded educationally. But what training
has thc child in co-operation? Tho day
he leaves school he goes out into a
world in which ho is a cog in a vast
social machine. In school, hu worked
alone. If prizes were offered, ho struggled to get ahead of tho other fellow.
Individual success was tho sole ideal.
What wonder that he carries that ideal
out into life and cithor failB or succeeds only at thc expense of others. As
a rule only on thc playground docs thc
boy got any training in team work.
Sometimes in spite of departmental
regulation, and conservative boards of
trustees and term examinations and
uniform books and rigid organization
and stereotyped toot-hods an exceptional
teacher docs make an effort to educate the child for lifo. But what chance
has he? And can wc rely upon the
horculcau efforts of an exceptional
teacher? Most of our teachers arc
young girls, kind and conscientious and
agreeablo and marriageable. They know
little of life outside thc schoolroom and
their own conventional circle. How
can they impart what they themselves
do not possess? Then wc pay such a
niggardly salary that most men can't
afford to give up farming or clerking or
ditch-digging to teach school.
Training our girls and boys for life
—surely that is tho object of the public schools. Aro the schools efficient
even according to prosont standards.
After an activo healthful lifo in the
open air my little boy came back to
town in tho autumn. It was time to
start him to school. As I left him tho
next day sitting at a little desk, doomed to sit there for fivo hours, day aftor
day and year nfter yoar till his physical constitution had beon weakened and
his initiative gone and ho had become
much like myself—well, I felt like a
criminal.
Our wholo educational system stands
in need of revision. Many feel it, and
various experiments are being triod out.
Books will occupy a subordinate place.
Tho curriculum will bo made moro clastic. It will conic to bo recognized that
the school exists for thc- child and not
the child for the school. The school
room may bo tho centre of operations
but the children's activities will covor
ns wide a range as the lifo of fhe com
munity. The child will bc put in t
position to tnke his placo in the world's
work and grow up with the ideal of
social service rnther than individual
grab. Tho child will not finish school
at fourteen but throughout his life tho
school doors will stand open to him—
offering lo nil tho opportunities of culture nnd enjoyment that aro now restricted to the fow.
Form Building Trades Council
A new Building Trades Council hns
been orgnnized in Potorboro, which up
to the present him secured the affiliation of all tho building trades crafts
in the city with the exception of the
Bricklayers und Masons, whom, how
ovor, it is anticipated will come in with
its sister crnfts. It has been felt for
some considerable time pnst that such
an organization was both advisable
and necessary. Tho boya arc taking
hold enthusiastically and proposo to
make tho new body worth while.
Prince Albert
Thc Prince Albert trades unions are
opposed to the recent no-atrike order-in-
council. Nothing that has happened
since the outbreak of the war has so
roused the ire of the men in the northern part of Saskatchewan as has the
government's recent action.
Begina Labor Active
The Regina Trades Council ia to
take i vote on a general striko against
tho recent no-strike order-in-council.
Thc council also is considering a greater amount of co-operation between
Labor and the returned men. The
council at the last meeting took stops
to assist thc striking telephone employees, both financially and morally.
A Becord Hard to Beat
The benefits of trade union organization have been well verified by the
Montreal branch of thc Patternmakers
League, whieh inside of thirteen
months has reduced the work hours
from 10 to U a day and raised the
minimum rate of wuges from 55 cents
to SO cents un hour.
Machinists Win Out
Montreal machinists are jubilant
over the successful termination of their
seven months' strike at the MeDougall
Caledonia Iron Works, which resulted
in a clear cut victory for the union
and the securing of ono of the best
agreements ever signed up by the organizntion in that city.
Halifax Typos Expect a Raise
The Halifax Typographical Union
has appointed a now scale committeo,
which is opening up negotiations with
tho employers looking to a substantial
increase in wages, whieh all feel is
overdue.
SECURE VOLUNTARY
ADVANCE IN WAGES
London Cigarmakers to Receive an Increase of One Dollar per
Thousand
While the Andrew Wilson firm of
Toronto and the Tuckett Company of
Hamilton refuse to pay fair wage scales
and are seeking to wreck tho union, the
prouprictors of the union cigar factories
in London have given a voluntary increase of $1 a thousand for cigars to
their employees, London is the greatest cigar centre in Ontario, and has tho
largest local of the craft in tho Dominion, and the increase will entail an added expenditure of many thousands of
dollars annually by the manufacturers.
Union men should bear this fact in
mind when buying cigarB, when thoy
demand Blue Label cigars they arc pat;
ronizing manufacturers who aro running their factories under union conditions; whon thoy buy non-union cigars
they aro patronizing manufacturers
who do not employ union workors, but
get their work turned out on the cheap.
Tho only cigars on tho market today
that carry an absolute guarantee of
having boen mado undor cleanly conditions aro union made. Thoro mny bo,
at times, non-union cigars that are
clean, but the big majority of nonunion cigars arc not mode up clean or
under healthful or proper sanitary conditions.
Trade unionists should remember
that there aro many brands of local
made cigars that bear tho label, and
aro equal to any Eastern tonkes, but
thoy must remember that tho firms
quoted above that used to have the
label, aro now-unfair. Patronize your
own local cigarmakers' products. In
any case, don't forgot the label, nnd
that Tucketts and Wilsons aro on the
unfair list.
No Shortage of Good Underwear at Spencer's
HEBE ABE SOME OF THEM:
A NATUBAL WOOL UNDEBWEAB—Made from pure Australian wool;
medium weight.    A garment $3.76
HEAVT WEIGHT LAMB'S WOOL UNDEBWEAB—Particularly rccom-
s mended for outdoor workers who give their underwear hard wear.   A
garment at 92.00
PENMAN'S MID-WEIGHT NATUBAL WOOL UNDEBWEAB—Elastic
ribbed; a good-wearing underwear.   A garment $2.25
SCOTCH   WOOL   UNDEBWEAB—Double-breasted,   serviceable   and
warm.    Por garment , $1,60
ELASTIC BIBBED UNDEBWEAB—Medium weight, very springy, so
that it fits snugly; one of tho best wo know I>2.76
A lighter weight.   Price $1.75
PENMAN'S PREFEBBED—Natural merino; similar to "95";   vory
satisfactory.   Prico, per garmont Jl.75
Combinations.    Prico  $3.50
FLEECE LINED UNDEBWEAB—Medium wefght, nice soft lining;
good wearing outer shell.    A garment $1.00
Combinations.    Prico  $2.00
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Hamilton Enters Protest
At tho most largely attended mooting of tho Hamilton Trndes and Labor
Council held in many months, a unanimous   vote   was    passed    protesting
against   tho   "no   strike"   order-in-
council and calling for its rcpeol.
Patronize B. O. Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Labor's Interest in
Victory Loan 1918
Not only are the immediate material interests
of the Labor Class involved in the .success of the
Victory Loan 1918 but—
The very existence of those great democratic principles
for which organised labor stands is at stake.
The Victory Loan 1917 kept the wheels of industry
turning, and provided work for Canadians at home and---
It munitioned and maintained our army of Canadians in
'ranee.
It helped to keep the Hun from breaking through, and
from menacing Canada itself.
So the Canadian working man is urged by patriotism,
principle and the protection of his home and family to buy
Victory Bonds 1918, and to get others to do the same.
Let Canadian Labor roll up a great record for the Victory
Loan 1918 just as it has in serving, fighting and lending ever
since the war began.
Buy
VICTORY BONDS
to your utmost
Issued foy Canada's Victory Lonn Committee, in cooperation with tho Minister of Finance of tho Dominion of Canada. FBIDAT November 8, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
Our Men's Overcoats
All wool, and they are the
greatest values obtainable
THERE are many reasons why
you should choose this store to
buy your Overcoat. We have the
largest stock in the city, bought
at prices of a year ago, every
coat trimmed with silk or wool
lining. Made of all-wool cloths,
in check back tweeds, meltons,
cheviots, naps, Whitneys. and
Chinchillas, in every style of the
season, including Slip-ons, Chesterfields, Ulsters, Trenchers and
the new waistline coat. Prices—
$20 $25 $30 $35 $40
Men's Odd Trousers
SPECIAL, $3.75
TWO patterns to choose from, in
neat stripes included. Full of durability and cut to fit. Trousers
we consider wonderful value today, and they give real service
and satisfaction.   Special, pair.....
.$3.75
Boys' Suits and Overcoats
Gentlemen's Junior Brand
OUR JUNIOR BRAND Clothes for Boys sell for
less money and are better. They are made from
pure wool cloth, with wool linings, and hair cloth
fronts. Every class of fabric is here—tweeds, worsteds—and the styles are new. Make this store your
Boys' Clothing Store—
$9.00 to $25.00
Canada Food Board Licenses 5-1482, 8-14590,10-4435,11-163
i^pBttdsonSBauCompanj^M
 J    _.. ,too***M-ta   lata      ntaattn a vamCa. nam m______ , \ ^*mr   )
Granville and Georgia -Streets
FrMh Ont Flowen, Ftmenl Dwrtgm, Wedding Bonvuta, Pot Plute, Ornamental end Shide Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NUB8EBYMEN
a—STOEES—2
48 Hastings atreet East, gey. 988*672 — 728 Oruwille Street, Stj. Mil
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
 $25,000,000
 $14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets —$360,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiib West
Indies.
Also branohei in London, England, New Tork Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vancouver:
Main Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue WeBt.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other points
in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO SAVINOS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an aeooant, on whieh interes   ie paid half-yearly at
current rated.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vanconver Branch
O. W. FBAZEE, Vanconver,
Supervisor for B.O.
!
ONE OP THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that oheap goods can only be produced by
using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
ia produced from the highest grade materials procurable—
Cascade is a UNION product from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
Morals and Ethics Change
with Change in Economic Structure
[By Walter Head]
That a change in the present social
order is long overdue is apparent to all
who tako more than a passing notice
of tho signs of the times. The latest
sign upon tho horizon of this rapidly
approaching change is shown by tho
actions of the recent Methodist conference in passing a resoltuion favoring industrial democracy. According
to press reports these gentlemen have
at last(f) realized that production for
profit must inevitably travel tho road
that other outworn systems of production havo travelled bofore, i. c., into
the discard. It has taken tho greatest slaughter tho world has known to
show these advocatos(f) of the doctrines of the Prince of Peace a fact
that has been apparent to millions of
working mon and womon these many
moons. It is a well known historical
fact that tho church haB always boen
in the rear of social progress and has
faithfully stood as a buttress for the
ruling class. Lord Macaaulay once
said "Tho church is the hand-maiden
of tyranny," and nover truer words
wero spoken, for right down through
tho ages tho names of church and
state havo boen inseparable. Tho
thinkers among tho masses have always recognized in the stato an instrument of exploitation in the hands of
tho ruling class, whether said ruling
class were slave owners, feudal barons
or modern capitalists, and in this exploitation the church has always lent a
willing hand. Whenever a change in
the prevailing social system has becomo an absolute necessity tho church
has always lagged bohind, and has
never assisted in bringing about tbe
chango until a revolution waB imminent,1 it has waited until popular discontent has threatened to culminate in
a mass movement and then wades in to
assist in leading this movoment into
harmless channels. Probably tho
church is again about to perform its
historic function, consequently it will
boar watching.
A prominent writor recently stated
that "the church has boon transformed undor our very eyes until followers
of the meek and lowly Jesus are valued
propagandists of militarism and imperialism." Tho lattor part of this
statement jb undoubtedly truo, but tho
transformation has not taken placo under our oyes. This took place many
years ago, when Constantino tho great
started the process of loading tho
enrly church into harmless channola.
Previous to that timo we aro forced to
believo that tho early church was a
popular movomont of slaves, having
for its object their emancipation. Tho
oppressors of that day saw that the
movement would, if not beaded off,
undormino their very existonce,
honce thoir readiness to throw overboard their pagan religion, and mould
the new religion to suit their own material interests. How well they did
this is proven by history. Tho Christian nations have become tho most
warliko nations of tho earth and have
created the most efficient war machine
thc world has over known. It was
Christians who perfected tho rifle, tho
revolver, the torpodo, tho high explosives, and all the death-dealing machinery of modern warfare, making tho
trail of tho Christian church through
the ages a trail of blood. It was the
church that mado martyrs of countleBB
numbers of studonts of science, and it
was not until tho ruling class needed
the sciontist in its business that tho
church ceasod its wholesale persccu-
i tion of tho students of science; even
then tho scientist had to temper his
science in order to agree with Genesis
a» far as possiblo. Tho church uphold
slavery, tho withholding of education
from tho masses, and every ovil that
had for its object the conservation of
thc intorests of tho master class.
Writers on economic subjects havo
well stated that "tho laws and moralB
of any period arc a reflex of thc interests of tho master class." Tho truth
of this statement is proven by the fact
of the laws and morals changing from
timo to time with thc changing
mcthoda of wealth production. How
well the church and state have hung
together is evidenced by the fact of
the morals changing with tho laws,
actions that wcro lawful and moral in
one period became unlawful and ain
ful in another. Thus we find, for ox-
ample, that during the slavery days in
the South it was unlawful and sinful
to teach tho slavo to write. When tho
institution of slavery was found to be
of no moro uae to tho ruling class and
had to givo way to a more efficient
method of exploitation, under which it
was necosaary for the new type of
alave to have an education, it then be*
came unlawful und sinful to withhold
tho boncfits(f) of education from the
freef J) laborers. The church has con
sistoritly uphold the systom of production for proflt with all its attendant
horrora, and it is only whon tho collapse of that systom seems Imminent
that the church ia beginning to say
that tho system must go. In this thoy
aro simply following their timo-worn
custom. However, the manifestation of
this spirit in the church at this timo ia
startlingly prophetic of tho chango that
must .come. This chango that is coming is not coming because tho church
sayB so, far from it. Tho church says
ao bccauBo the change iB coming, which
iB an entirely different matter.
Signs of thia approaching change aro
seen in threo articles that appoared
sido by side in tho Daily Province recently. Statements in thoso articles
wcro extremely significant. Amongst
them were "A growing spirit of Bolshevism is apparent in Germany, even
touching tho army"—Lord Milner has
foreboding that this spirit might soop
into neutral lands, "Fritz doesn't care
about colonies, the fate of the Kaiser,
tho Ukraino, or tho road to Bagdad,
but only the quickest road to poaco.
Bolshevists pointed ono way to peaco.
The great fear in Berlin today is that
peoplo will leap from autocracy to
anarchy."
Then Lord Milner says: "It is a mistake to say that tho Gorman people aro
in lovo with militarism" and "It is in
the interests of the Allies to see that
somo form of stablo 'government' is
maintained in Gormany." As reparation had to bo obtained "ho did not
wish to aeo Bolshevism and chaos rampant thore." In theso three articles
ia found tho reason for tho apparent
roturn to sanity of sections of thc
church.   They, with tho Lord Milner's,
CORRESPONDENCE
(Continued ftom page 2)
laid vulgar hands on sacred rights and
age-long privileges! Now, we could
overlook, and some of us with a radical
turn of mind, even approve of their
somewhat rash and irreverent acts of
dethroning tho Czar and the levelling
down of titles, beoause there scorns to
be a largo number of us that for somo
unaccountable roason, did not happen
to be born with a title, though'there
are a fow among us, who havo for economical and political activity had one
conferred on them. Wo could have let
all that pass, but they have also laid
profane hands on private property, and
thereby the right to the proceeds of
labor on that property, and by so doing,
robbed them of their means of subsistence without productive work.
"It will riot be hard for you, who
now livo in thoso high altitudes on the
higher social stratas, as most of your
readers of The Fedorationist undoubtedly do, to feel the horror of the fall
down in to tho sbysB among tho toiling
millions.
But those others who are living from
hand to mouth, too busy trying to rake
up enough to pay this month's rent,
and last month's doctor's and grocery
bills, to buy a pair of boots for Jack,
and a dress for Mary, and so on ad infinitum. It is possible that they have
not cultivated their finer feelings, and
might bo lacking in sympathy and understanding. But lot us tako a flight on
the wings of imagination. Fancy that
you wcro born and brought up in a
mansion, and had everything dono for
you, living on the best and looked up
to by your sorvants in awe and wonder, and after many years of this grand
lifo, you flnd yourself suddenly on the
street with a pick and shovel working
for your daily bread, side by side with
thoso who knockod tho goldon pillar
from under your feet. You will understand then why all conservative, and
respectable people hold their hands up
in holy horror at such a lamentable
state of affairs,*that thoy are willing
to use everything in their power to
check ,and if possible crush any movement with similar objects in view. So
that wo may preserve our glorious liberties. . . . The liborty to live, if
you liko, in tho finest mansion in tho
sky, beg your pardon, in the land, ride
in privato railway cars, wear the finest
clothes, or if you prof er, livo in a cheap
rooming houso, cat tho poorest food,
woar overalls and rido the rods on a
freight car. The last mentioned liborty
is not guaranteed) by tho constitution.
You might be arreBted for trespassing.
Howover, somo of the more adventur-
oub indiviudauls indulge in it, apparently in preference to the privato car
idea, or you can walk the public road
if you keop out of tho way of tho automobiles, and don't get arrested as a
vag.
O. CARLSON.
Vancouver, Nov. 5, 1918. ~
truo to their instincts, sec tho collapse
of the capitalist systom which they
fear is going to be brought about by
tho common people. Their desire is to
reform the system so that tho capitalist class will still be in the saddle.
Lord Milner fears that no government
will bo left in Germany who will bo
able to carry on the exploitation of the
workers which is necessary if the debts
as represented by mountains of figures are to be met.
The workers would bo wiso if thoy
would read tho Provinco for Friday,
Oct. 18, and pasto the articles in ques
tion under thoir hats for futuro refer-
VANCOUVER UNIONS
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS INTERNA-
tionftl Union of Amerlo-i, Loul No. 130—
Meeti ■eeond tnd fonrth Tussdsj* In th*
month, Room 306, Labor Tomplo, Pmldent,
O. E. Herrltt; ■ecrct&ry, S. H. Grut, 830
Ounblo Street.
The world is ringing
with cheers
Because the civilized nations of the earth
are crushing the life out of Prussianism
IT was the lion-hearted working men of
Great Britain, the Dominions-Over-The-
Seas, the United States, France, Italy,
Belgium and the friendly Balkan powers
who have worked the great miracle. With
heads erect, with a high courage and a
certain faith in their God, they went forth
to battle and to Victory.
THINK of it! These nobles of the
forge, the lathe, the plow, the mine,
the sea, the land—they gave their
all..evett life itself. Nothing can surpass
their deeds. • Their heroism held them
firm to their purpose in the darkest hours.
They have won sueh a victory as will forever mark them great. All honor and
glory to them.
C VEN Gormany, their greatest foe, has gono dom boforo thom.  Those mon need yonr holp.  Victor*
y_ ZS-tT8mP' They DMd y°" ** *"b™ *™ °"wry much* *"•*»-* «*"•• ™
•dnrtinm-Mt
contributed to tbe
winning of tho wu
by Jas, Thomson ft
Sons, Ltd., minufic-
turora of Twin Bute
Overalls.
GROVE your patriotism at once,
now.    Go buy Victory Bonds while
Vet you feel the impulse that urges you,
bids you go forward.
MUM CAUSED
BY ROBIN
S
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—Meeti every eecond and fonrth
Monday evening, 8 o'clock, Labor Templo.
Preildent, M. HoKenile; flnanolal iecretary,
Q. Thorn, 6 Dufferln Streot Eut; reeordlng
lecrutary, J. R. Campbell; buineii agont,
Walter Thomu, Room 308 Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7495
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builder* and Helpera of
America, Vaneoaver Lodge No, 194—Meeti
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preildaat, M. A. Mo*
Eachern, 1245 Alberni St.; leeretarytreu*
arer, Angus Fraier, 1151 Howo St.; bnalneu
agent, L. Cnmmlni, Room 218 Labor Temple.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Loal 28—Meets every flnt Wednesday In
tho month at 2.80 p.m. and every third
Wednesday ln the month at 3.80 p.m. Preildent, Harry Wood; iecretary ind business
agent, W. Mackenzie, Room 309 Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 1881. O0m hoan: 11 to
12 noon; 3 to 5 p.m.	
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Englneen, Loeal No. 620—
MeeU every Monday, 7.80 p.m„ Labor
Temple, Preildent, 3, R. Finn, 810 Moodle
■treet, New Westminster; vloe-prMldont, D.
Hodgei; secretary-treasurer and boilaeu
agent, W. A. Alexander, Boon 316, Labor
Tfemple.    Phone Sey. 7495,
ELECTRICAL WORKERB, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meeti In Room 208, Labor Tomplo,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Pmldent, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Stnet; reeordlng
lecretary, W. Foulkes, Labor Tomplo; flnanclal iecretary and busineu agent, E. H.
Morriion, Room 807, Labor Temple; asslit-
ant aeeretary, F. R. Borrow*.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local B852—Offlee and hall. 804
Pender Strut Wut.    Meeti every Friday,
8 p.m.    Secretarr-treuurer,   F.   Chapman;
buiineu agont, A. Reed.     _
I. L. A., LOCAL 88-82, AUXILIARY—
(Marino Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 162 Cordova Eut.
Meeti flrst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secrotary-treasurer, E. Winch;, business
agont, 0. W, Webster.        	
AMALOAMATED MEAT COTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen'! Union, No. 648—MeeU
flnt and third Tnudaye of uoh month,
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. Preildent, Chu. P.
Hugglni; recording iecretary, J. Bnmmeri;
flnanolal seeretary and Iraeinui agont, T. W.
Andenon, 687 Homer etreet	
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vanconver and vicinity)—
Branoh meets second and foarth Mondays.
Room 204, Labor Temple. Preildent, J.
Banfortb, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
flnanolal iecretary and busineu agent, H. S.
Nighticalei, 276—56th Ave East, South Vancouver; recording eecretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Grey roid. Phone Bay-
view 2979L. .	
SHIPYARD LABORERS, IUG0ER8 AND
FaatenerH, I.L.A., Local Union 38 A, BorlfiS
6—Meete the Snd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President. J.
N. Boalt; financial secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Lee. Offlce, Room 219-220, Labor
Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM
ployeei, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and fonrth Wednes
days at 8 p.m. Prosldent, W. H, Cottrell;
treasurer, B. H. Cleveland; neordlng secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street,
Phone High. 168R; flnanolal seeretary and
bnslnose agent, Frod. A. Hoover. 2409 Clark
drive, offlee eorner Prior ■nd_«^n_j!«''*U_
GENERAL TEAMSTKR8 AND CHAUF-
foors Union, Local No. 666—Meets every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 pm* Prosidont.
W. M, Brown; business agent, J. F. Poole,
245—19th Ave. East. Phone Fair. 2109X.
Financial socroUry, Bert Bhowler, 1120
Robson St. Phono Boy. 6679. Offlco, 587
Homer St. 	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—MeeU
last Bandar of each month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,
Box 66.
All Working: Men Are the
Products of Their
Environments
Change ih the Present System Is the Crying
Need
Ono looks in vain throughout tho en
tiro capitalist pross for ono instructive
word concerning tho conviction of the
Industrial Workors of tho World.
They are regarded just as our ancestors regarded aome person guilty of an
anti-social act, as it wero a personal,
voluntary, conscious offending against
the rest.
There's not nn intelligent lino which
would indicato even a faint inquiry as
to why they are and what brought them
into being. Nothing but denunciation
for wiched nud disloyal and criminal
agitators—nothing but congratulation
that they ure finally landed behind tho
bars whero they cun no further carry
on their propaganda.
One looki in vain for a wise writer,
far seeing enough to nsk whnt brought
these men and these ideas Into boing.
Suroly thoy came neither from heaven
nor from hell. Our ideas nre not born
within us. They come from our environment. Yot apparently tho wholo
capitalist pross and its thoughtless
readers would maintain the notion thut
the I. W. W, was born in thc brain of
wicked agitators who conceived within
their souls the idea of tormenting so*
cioty with their own baseness.
Not ii single mnn of thom connects
thc existence of the I. W. W. with tho
industrial conditions thnt prevail
throughout various sections of tho
United States. Not a single onc of
them connects tho existence of this
revolutionary organization with thc
conditions such lis say were revealed
in the report of the Industrial Rotations
Commission.
Yet aro the facts ho simple and so
patent and so manifest that indeed he
who runs mny rend them.
Further it is a peculiarly insidious
error which fails to note that if such
conditions as called certain effects into
existence aro allowed to continue, it is
only the vainest of vanities, the emptiest of empty efforts which thinks
that by punishing the effects of those
conditions nmuifest in tlio existence of
thc I.W.W., therefore will these effects
cease. Just as long as those things
which caused tho I.W.W. to spring into
being exist, just so long will the
I.W.W. or what may not be called that,
but surely the snmo thing if the name
he different, continue.
This cannot bo too often insisted
upon. Yet, it is too truo, that thc workers themselves have acted in this way
too often that they divert the social
facts to personal responsibilities and
BOO in the persons guilty of anti-socinl
acts, one solely responsible for those
acts. We take no stock of the driving force -qf economic circumstances
and in the circumstances of the capitalist-see tho shortcomings of capital'
ism. It is the system, not the persons
that are creatures of the system that
is blameworthy. Ami wo can never
adopt proper measures of reform until
such time as we fully appreciate that it
[s not the man but the circumstances
which surround hnd make the mnn,
that reforms must begin upon.—Nome
Industrial Workor.
LETTER
Explains the Milk Situation in our City
(Exact Copy)
Steveston, B. C,
October 17,1918.
NOTICE   TO   THE
VANCOUVER:
PEOPLE    OF
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
J). O. FEDERATION Ot LABOR—Meet. In
minus] convention tn Jinntrr. En'cnti****
officer., 1018*19: Preildent, Duncan McCal*
luiii. Labor Temple, Vancouver; vlee-prell*
dent.—Vnncouver Iilind, Wnlter Rend,
Hotith Wellington; Victorin, J. Taylor; Prince
Kul"*rt. W. V.. Thompson; Vancouver, F
Winch. W. R. Trotter; New Wectmlnater, I'
Peebles; Went Kmitenay, Mtrcnt Martin,
Nelion; Crowe Meet Pan, W. A. Sherman,
Pernio.    Bocrelnrytroaeurer, A.    8.    Wella.
I have sold out all ray interest in the
J. M. Steves Dairy Company.  I am now
shipping all ray milk through the Fraser
Valley Milk Producers' Association, nine
(9) gallons of which goes to The Standard Milk Company for the Infants' Hospital, and ALL THE REST TO THE
VALLEY DAIRY.
(Signed) J. M. STEVES.
Why This Letter Is
Important
FIRST—The loeal distributors known as "J.
M. Steves Dairy Co.," do not sell ono drop
of milk from that celebrated herd of purebred cows belonging to J. M. Steeves. They
merely use the name acquired when they
entered thc dairy business by purchasing'
J. M. Steves local plant, as he was at that
time distributing his own milk.
SECOND—The Standard Dairy is not a distributor of J. M. Steves milk. Thc Doctors
it thc Infants' hospital insist on J. M,
Steves Milk and through courtesy the
Standard Dairy is permitted nine gallons
only, to fulfil their contract.   *Notc.
THIRD—This establishes the fact that The
Valley Dairy is thc sole distributor of J.
M. Steves milk. Thc fact that the Doctors
at the Infants' hospital specified J. M.
Steves milk is but confirmation of its
supreme goodness. It being a well known
fact among medical men that the milk of
a purebred Holstein cow, next to Mother's Alilk, contains those food values
which ensures rapid, healthy growth. It
contains all of the richness of other milks,
but none of that heavy grease which
forms a tough curd in Baby's delicate
stomach. No doubt also, they appreciate
the conditions under which Mr, Steves
Milk is handled, whicli in itself is sufficient to warrant any Jlothei* to demand
it for her children.
•The Infants' Hospital is now supplied by the
Valley Daily,
VICTORIA, B. 0.
Labor  Temple,
eeetet, B. f.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Moota flrat and third Wed*
ncidnyi,   Knlghti   ol   Pytalai   Ball,   Nona
 _    Park Itreet,  al  8 p.m,    Preaident,  B.   Sta*
405  Dummnlr alraal,  Van.mom; vlce-proildent, T.  Dooley; e.eretary*
treaaurer, Chrlatlan Slverti, P. 0. Boi 80S.
Victoria, B. O.
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. 1.
LOOAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W  ol A -
Meete flrat Sunday In every month 3 p.m..
Rleharda Hall. Preildent, Jaa. Bateman:
<lce<prraldenl, Andrew Parker; reoordlni
lecretary, Jet. Fearon; flnanclal aaataurv
William MacDonald; IrVanm, J. H"*_'■
ar-laoi.
. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT. November 8, IMS
The Pioneer Union Store
ISSUED    BY
REGISTERED
AUTHORITY OF
Union Made
Clothing
UNION MEN, in order to satisfy a well-
known want of yours, we have decided to
carry a large stock of union-made clothing.
This clothing carries the Union Label, as shown
above, in the inside pocket. Once again wc serve
you. We're ever foremost. First to unionize our
store, we're first to carry union-made clothing.
These suits are conservative, yet stylish in cut, well
tailored and are made in a nice range of fabrics.
Under "Our Right Selling Plan," which does away
witb "Sales," etc,
$40 $45 $50
Claman's
153 Hastings Street West wmTED
Home of Mart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Copyright tk:! Scha'Tncr _ Mln**
53 Hastings
West
T. B. ANDREWS
53 Hastings
West
Successor to Dick's Limited
 New Store	
SALE
Men's
Overcoats
Here you are, Follows!—Pall and Winter Overcoats at factory prices. Iu
taking over this business wc find it
heavily stocked with Overcoats. They
were "bought right," on an advancing
market—in fact, some orders were
plnccd nearly two years ago, and since
that time prices have almost doubled
on all-wool materials. But, speaking
frankly, thc state of our finances does
not permit us to carry such an enormous stock. Wc must convert a part into
cash. Although sacrificing all profits,
wo believe the "goodwill" these values
will create for us will more than offset
tho immediate loss—hence we make
this offer gladly. Investigate—you'11
save dollars.
ALL $35 OVERCOATS
—at—
$24.00
In this lot you will Hnd rich dark
lirown wool cheviots, imported wool
tweeds, nnd thc lineal chinchilla Ovor*
contiiiRs. Thc styles ure clean-cut—
Raglan, Trenchers aud Great Coats.
Some are shown with belt, slash or
patch pockets, welted seams and full-
fitting shoulders and skirt. Pull, quarter or half linings. In fact, a stylo and
a perfect lit in a well-tailored Overcoat
to suit tho individual taste of almost
any man. At this prico they represent '
a clean saving of $11.
ALL $25 OVERCOATS
—at—
$19.00
Thero arc fourteen different styles to
select from in this lot, including a select offering of young men's models
with slightly form-fitting bnck with
woltod seams, wide bolt, great collar,
flaring skirt nnd slash or patch pockets.
Thc more conservative models show oil
the desirable styles. The materials are
in thc lighter weight all-wool overcoatings or the woolen mixtures. All
the rich, subdued Autumn colors. You
cnn select your coat from this lot at
a saving of $6,011.
ALL UNION
STORE FOR MEN
Women's
Silk Jersey
Petticoats
JERSEY is one of the
best fabrics obtainable
for Petticoats this season
—a slender line is produced without any undue
fullness over the hips.
These Petticoats fit smartly and are the logical basis
of this season's apparel.
A splendid assortment to
select from here in shades
and colors to match costumes or contrast with
them—$7.95 to $10.50
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
I
Wire Sent to Minister of
Labor to That
At a meeting of the executive of
the Vancouver Metal Trades Council
the recent wage award in the shipyards wns discussed, and the following
telegram was ordered sont, also a letter
confirming same:
"Hon. Gideon Robertson,
"Minister of Labor,
"Ottawa?
"Owing tt) tho recent ordor-in-coun-
cil forbidding public meetings, wo have
been unable to obtain an official expression of opinion of our members, but
the consensus of opinion of our members obtained through canvassing, is
such that we havo no othor course to
follow, but formally protest the award
as handed down governing increase in
wages for shipyard workers.
"W. A. ALEXANDER, Sec'y,
"Vancouver Metal Trades
"Council Executive."
THANKS LONGSHORE
WORKERS FOR ASSISTANCE
Mrs. Westwood Writes to the Long-
shoremens Union Expressing Thanks
Mrs. Westwood, widow of tho late
Bro. H. Westwood, who until the timo
of his death, was business agent of tho
Longshoremen, has sent tho following
letter to the Longshoremen's Union,
in order to show her appreciation of
the assistance rendered by tho Longshoremen in her time of trouble, and
has requested that the letter bo published in The Federationist. The lotter is
as follows:
Secretary and memberB of the I. L. A.
of Vancouver.
Gentlemen: I desire to express to
you my deep appreciation and gratitude
for tho kindness and sympathy given
expression to by you in connection with
tho death of my lato beloved husband,
Hugh Westwood.
The substantial assistance which you
have so kindly given to me, together
with the marked respect shown by you
to the remains of my late husband, haa
greatly helped mo to bear tho grief
which ao suddenly befol me, for which
I beg your acceptance of my heartfelt
thanks.
And remain, yours respectfully,
HARRIET F. WESTWOOD.
Vnncouver, B. C, Nov. 2, 1918.
mary object the making of a living for
tho author. While ho may bo told, like
littlo Willie at Sunday school to bo a
good boy and toll tho truth to shame
the •devil, liko Willie he will eventually
find that he must accommodate his inclination towards veracity to tho sot of
circumstances which his art will encounter, and thero is no set of circumstances will bulk so hugely beforo his
way us that of making a living if he
writes for a living.
Henco it is he is bound by conventions, by what the readers will demand,
and by tho public tasto which ho may
flatter himself ho cultivates, but which
in reality dovours his gonius, body,
bones and all.
Tho fact is that the while literary
world is bound by eortain obligations to
the monied classes, and juat as the
newspapers if they would flourish and
thoir treasuries mako millionaires of
the owners, must cater to the groat advertisers and dispensers of patronago in
their midst.
All writers whether on' newspapers
or thc authors of books know very woll
that the truth as thoy see it individually ib not that which will find expression, but the truth as tho master class
ordains whether that be tho truth or
not. If every man with a passion to
writo wero to turn loose the ideas as
to things that occur around him, ho
would be brought up sharp with a
round turn liko ob not would break his
neck.
Everything is woll if convention is
bowed to; everything is ideal if respectability is recognized, if the legul
interpretation of things is accepted as
the only right and propor concopt and
if the authorities say this is true ood
that false and you writo otherwiso then
you most certainly pay tho penalty. Tho freedom of the presB and the
freedom of authorship is no myth. Bat
it is somothing like tho liberty of tho
wago-workor. You can writo what you
please and how you please and stand
the consequences. So tbe wage worker
is free as compared to tbo chattel Blave,
who was not freo to work or starvo, his
master deciding the choico for him.
If convention, acts of the constituted body, social demand, popular taste,
demand that certain things be considered true, be sure the authors and writers
will say so. They must say so to sell
thoir bookB. And thoy must say so if
their books are to havo circulation unhampered. While in former -days the
freodom of expression was in a less
civilized stato of development, books
that woro objoctionable to the King or
tho church or the authorities or the
foudal chiefs wero ordered burned by
the common hangman. Wo have no
doubt whatever that ovon though those
bookB contained tho truth, tho procedure somewhat successfully interrupted the flow of truthful narrative in
which other geniuses woro ready to
participate. At any rate it is somewhat
a unique distinction these days of humdrum commonness that if truth telling
is tho foundation of literary morality,
literature Ib today the most immoral of
callings.—Nomo Industrial Workor.
A rostaurant on Pendor street wbb
closed for alterations. In big letters,
right across its front, was an announcement that it would shortly bo opened,
"Entirely fitted for ladies with marble
fixtures!" 	
The sex is rathor lightly esteemed,
apparently, at a Hastings street department storo, which hnd in its window,
ono day, a large ticket bearing the
words, '"Ladies, ribbed ond plain—25
cents,"
Patronize B. C. FederationiBt advertisers and tell them why yon do io.
Special Offer to
Federationist Readers
This week I am making an introductory offer for the
new Winter importations of British woolens—just
arrived. I am offering my regular $45 and $60 suit
lengths, made up in regular Tom-the-Tailor style, for
$35
To readers of the Federationist who will cut out this
advertisement and bring it into either of my stores
the offer will hold good for another week.
Consider the price of woolens today and what they
will be tomorrow and take advantage of this offer.
wbfi-
632(hWmUE
314HASWGSW
UNION SHOP
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISER!
Overcoats
This is OVERCOAT weather, and the wise man
keeps his body warm. It is one of the best
preventatives from influenza.
We have one of the best stocks we have ever
had from which to make a selection at prices
from $25 up.
-SHOP OF-
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 GRANVILLE STREET
The Store for Men Where You'll Find the Union
Card—Be Served by Union Clerks
TWEED
OVERCOATS
The Truth Is the Last Thing
That Occurs to
Them
Theodore Dreiser in tho Septcrabor
issue of Pearson's Magazine, which is
now owned outright by Frank Harrio
itH former editor, •declares iu so many
words that tho sum and substanco of
literary as well as social morality may
bo expressed in threo words—toll tho
truth.
If this is true then tho most immoral of al) it ri s ia tho art of letters and
indeed its function has no possible relation with the code of morals laid
down by the American author.
. In tho first placo men and women
write to mnke money. They indulge in
a lot of guff about their art and so
forth, and have a lino of jargon about
local color, realism nnd so forth, that
is merely the trick of the trado much
as when' the wily physician writes out
his proscription in a dead language so
that the living object of his attentions
may bo the moro effectivoly imprcsBod.
Thero are good writers and there are
bad writers, but it is not that
goodness or badnesB was at nil affected
by the truth or falsohood of what thoy
had written, They wero differently
gifted,or as it mny bo, their particular
gifts may havo boen well or ill adjusted
to thc literary fashion of the time.
All writing nowadays has for its pri-
10% Off to
Returned
Soldiers
—JUST THE RIGHT WEIGHT FOR WINTER WEAR ON
THIS COAST—OFFERED AT A POPULAR PRICE
This line of Overcoats is made of extra quality Tweeds-
material which will give thoroughly satisfactory service—not too
heavy for ordinary everyday use but sufficient to guarantee perfect comfort.
This line is easily the best Overcoat value offered in Canada,
—in the popular Belter and Half Belter models,
—the best quality Tweed—plain or small check.
—Three-quarter or full length.
—made up with either Raglan or set-in sleeves and in Raglan
or Slip-on style.
AN OVERCOAT SUCH AS THIS IS SELLING ELSE
WHERE  AT  $30—AND  GOOD  VALUE   AT  THAT
DICK'S
PRICE
$25
Sold Under Our Guarantee
"YOUR MONEY'S WORTH OR  YOUR MONEY BACK"
33-45-47-49, Hastings St. East.

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