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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Feb 8, 1924

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Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners
!' s,.
IslaL- Vamps  Re-opened—Soot-
^r^mpany^¥ill Ship
y$$ Feet a Day
(Trades and Labor Council Asks
for An Investigation
of Dairies
(Complete Repapering of Scarlet
Fever Infected Houses
ItJESOLUTIONS asking the elty authorities to Investigate the purity
and richness of the city's milk supply,
and to take proper action to safeguard the citizens against scarlet
fever epidemics by forcing landlords
to strip and repaper all walls in Infected houses, were adopted at the re*
gular meeting of the Trades and Labor council on Tuesday night.
"We have a rotten milk supply,"
I one delegate declared, "and we have
to pay a fancy price for embalmed
The discussion over the milk sup-
> ply caused considerable mirth. When
one delegate suggested that the government should be requested to raise
the standard for butter-fat content,
another delegate suggested that the
best plan would be to raise water
ratea for all milk companies.
"Ordinary milk costs 12 - cents   a
\ quart, but tf you want real milk, you
i have to pay 20 cents, so what's the
difference?" asked one delegate,
"Bight    cents,"    another   delegate
| shouted, amidst laughter.
Butter-fats and Revolutions
Birt Showier said lt was necessary
(to be fair, and that one big milk com-
i pany in the city had a standing offer
; of $1000 for any one who could prove
i that a bottle of Us milk was Impure,
r( He explained that it was extremely
| difficult to Insure a proper distribution
of butter fats ln each bottle, for if a
large rotary vat containing many
1 hundreds of quarts of milk were to
1 lose one or two revolutions, there was
bound to be uneven distribution of
, butter fata per bottle. He said that
' the finding of some method of recti
[ tying this was puzzling some ot the
( best brains,
After Delegate Showier resumed his
\ seat, another delegate humorously re
■ marked that If the loss of a revolution
[ or two would cause a towering In the
butter-fat content or richness of a
bottle of milk, that the milk he usually received apparently did not have
i a revolution of any kind.
Before the vote was taken on the
resolution, it waa amended to read
that the fullest possible publicity
should be given the findings of an Investigation.
It was the opinion of Birt Showier
that an investigation would show up
some non-union dairies in a poor
Scarlet Fever Epidemic
There was considerable discussion
also of the resolution asking the city
authorities to take effective action to
prevent the spread of scarlet fever.
Ordinary   disinfecting of   Infected
i houses was Ineffective, lt was contend-
i ed by one delegate,   because   lt   haB
been proved that scarlet fever germs
| can thrive in old wall paper for 20
years.    This delegate declared that
i the only effective method of killing
[ scarlet fever germs was to strip walls
| completely of all wall paper and re-
| paper.
At this Juncture,  a delegate,  who
J,.admitted he represented the plaster-
| ers' union, half-humoursly suggested
that the best plan would be to re-
plaster the walla of houses Infected
\ with scarlet fever germs.
Houses are not being properly pla-
, carded, and many children still ln-
\ fected with scarlet fever and measles
; are going to school, It was charged by
; one delegate.
Several additional organizations
[ have endorsed the resolution asking
[ for the liberation of J. B. McLachlan,
j sentenced ln Nova Scotia.
Affiliation of the attendants at the
, Essondale Mental hospital was consummated. There are about 120
members of the organization. The
following delegates from other unions
> were received: G. E. Halliday, M.
, Mound and T. T. Greaves, represent-
\ ing the Bricklayers and Masons International union, No. 1, and J, E.
1 Smith, representing the Street Rall-
: waymen.
The meeting Tueaday night was
' short and snappy, and Interesting.
There waa much laughter at the witty
remarks and repartee that enlivened
(*, the discussions, and one delegate was
heard to aay at the conclusion that
the meeting had been more Interesting than a picture show. -
Harry Neelands, M. L. A,, president
of the counoll, officiated as chairman,
and Percy Bengough served In his
usual secretarial capacity. *
Lumberlrifc. '^.ttvlties on Vancouver
island are pltfting up and a busy season Is in prospect. Atter being shut
down for three months, the camps of
the Comox Logging and Railway company are about to be reopened. A
number of small loggers will also operate in the Comox district.
The Albernl-Paciflc Lumber company's mill at Port Alberni resumed
operations last week, otter a month's
shut-down. The debris at the site of
the flre at the Chemainus mill is being removed, prior to the rebuilding
ot the mill.
With spring activities coming on
with a rush, the Scottish Logging company announced the opening on Tuesday of its big camp near Cowichan
lake, on the island line of the Canadian National railway.
A full crew of men ls being put Into
the camp for steady work.
An output of 80,000 feet a day will
be shipped-over the railway to Vic
torla and unloaded ln Victoria harbor. Moat of the output will be taken
by the Victoria market. The rest will
go to the B. C. mainland mills.
The company has Just completed
construction of a one-mile line of railway through Its big timber tract, and
this line will be extended as cutting
International Unioni muit Shape
Their Policies to Suit Cana-
nadian Problems
[By Tlm Buck ln Labor Herald]
The 89,000 miles of railway In Can
ada Ib embraced in two systems, each
of which extends from coast to ooaat.
and each of which centres in Montreal. While- the whole of Canadian
railroad workers make a small num
ber compared with the railroad work'
ers in the United States, yet they are
the most Important body of organized
workers ln Canada, and they have to
deal with a highly centralized Canadian board, centred ln the government
at Ottawa. And while an upheaval
among the railroaders in Buffalo- pro
duces scarcely a ripple In Toronto, less
than 100 miles away the repercussions
of the slightest Incident among rail
road workers In Montreal extends to
every part of Canada. ■ But thesi
workers have no organ for joint action, no central Canadian organization
capable- of acting on Canadian matters. International trade unionism
can be a power in Canada, but to do
so lt must be able to shape its policies and activities in accordance with
Canadian problems. The 11,000 members of the Brotherhood Railway Carmen, the 10,000 members ot the
Maintenance-of-way organization, the
tens of thousands of members of the
other railroad unions, not to mention
the carpenters, the needle workers,
the plumbers and what-not, could all
be organized Into Canadian departments, of their international organizations, without disturbing the struc
ture of international unionism, Suoh
Canadian departments, co-ordinated
for dominion-wide action through the
Trades and Labor congress of Canada,
would enormously revive the energy
and activity of the Canadian movement, would repair the falling morale
of the membership, and make unionism a power in the land.
Musicians Meet Sunday
Vancouver Musicians, Local No.
145, will hold a general meeting on
Sunday morning ln the Moose hall,
Homer street. A number of Import-
, ant matters appear on the agenda, including a proposal to send a delegate
to the convention of the American
Federation of Musicians.
Oil fuel for ships means a big saving; a 600-ton steamer run on oil costs
lesa than a quarter the coot of a 3000
ton vessel burning ooal over the same
► mileage.
Musicians Appoint Representatives
The executive board of Vancouver
local, 146, A. F. of M., recently made
the following appointments for the
year: Sergt-at-arms and organizer,
Fred Fletcher; delegates to Vancouver Theatrical federation, E. C. Miller,
H. Stocker, Edward Jamieson, J. O.
Hunt and A. J. Toevs; importation
committee, H. Stocker, chairman,
Walter Williams and A. J. Toevs; B.
C. Arts league and Vancouver Musical council delegate, Leslie Orossmlth.
The executive "board, as managing
committee of the B, C. Musician, reappointed E. C. Miller, editor; Ed
ward Jamleson, managing editor, and
Fred Fletcher, advertising manager
for 1924.
For This Tear's Nobel Peaoe Prise
in Recognition for
His Services .;■
A recent Washington, D. C.^&ews
despatch says that Victor L. Berger
has nominated Eugene V. Debs for
this year's Nobel peace prize. In a
statement issued by Mr. Berger, he
says: '
"In all the time that I have rather
intimately known him—over 80 years
—he has never wavered in his belief
of universal peace and human brotherhood, and he was . tireless in his
effort, in the service of that Idea.
"In, support of my nomination, I
need bring forward only very few
documents. A copy of his speeches
and articles. A copy of his speech In
Canton, O., In 1917. A copy of hla
sentence to serve ten years ln the
penitentiary at Atlanta. And lastly,
a copy of his release from prison.
"At the present time there are 28
members of the Bngllsh parliament
who have served prison sentences, due
to their atand against the world war.
Ramsay Macdonald himself was In
trouble often *tor taking th'e aame
position. In recognizing the services
of Eugene V; Debs, the Nobel prize
committee will find Itaelf ln harmony
with the best and most enlightened
thought of the day."
When through with thla paper, pass
It on. v
Nearly One Hundred Per Cent.
Strong—Leadi the Field
in Unionism
Tbe beautiful little theoretical tree struggles on to its idealistic goal.
i ■
Unemployment Not Real Problem
reports   of   sermons  and   ad-f leasing and was an end in Itself, and'
Central City Mission
Starting Sunday, February the 17th,
Dr, Salem Bland, B. A„ of Toronto,
will conduct a week's special evangelistic studies ln the Central Mission,
both afternoon and evening. Dr.
Bland has always been a great friend
of the laboring people, and large
crowds are expected to greet him.
Olvlo Wage Kates
Equalization of wage rates paid to
day workmen in the civic employ at
Vancouver will be advocated by Aid.
Fred Rogers, chairman of the board
of works, at a special meeting of that
committee to be called ln the' near
future. At the present time, three
different rates'obtaln among men doing the Bame class ot work, and Aid.
Rogers holds that such an arrangement ls inequitable.
Pencil manufacturers say the people of lhe United Statea pay more
than $80,000,000 a year for pencils,
representing more than 20,000,000,000
wooden pencils.
dresses on labor problems, together with the many despatches and articles published from time to time,
harp a good deal on the blessing of
work and the curse of unemployment.
The sole object seems to be to get
work—for somebody else.
When the granaries are full and
stocks are high in the plants and factories, everybody is worried—because
there is no demand—no want! This
is strange! When the granaries are
empty, and the stock of goodB Is low,
everybody Is happy—because there is
a great demand—great want. Strange
It ls not work we want; it is food,
clothing and shelter. Work ls not an
end In itself; but a means to an end.
But everybody knows that—what ls
the use of being so childish? Well
very few people talk that way about
Is unemployment caused by the
fact that the work is done? Of course.
Else where is the work to do? What
ls the meaning of introducing devices
called "labor-saving?"
The question is thrown back—"But
what would you do if you were out
of a Job?" Look for work, of course;
but as sociologists should we discuss
unemployment from that angle?
Will we solve the problem of unemployment that way? Let/us examine intelligently the system that
makes unemployment a problem.
This suits the man next door. He
climbs over the fence, takes away
your product and sweetly tells you
to produce somo more—because work
Is a blessing to you. At present you
have no power to either go and get
your product back from him or to retain what you make the next day—
nor even refuse to make more.
And this will always be so long as
you fasten your affections on work as
such, and not on the product of your
work. Of course, you want wages—
because you don't want to retain
the product of your work. You
may make nails; but you do
not want to live on nails. Tou
may make silk pyjamas, but you do
not want to wear them on all occasions'.
So you exchange your work on nails
and pyjamas for wages, and ln this
way you surrender the nails and pyjamas. And the more you produce
the quicker the market Is glutted and
unemployment sets ln.
Apply this principle to everything
you produce, food, clothing and shelter. Put it another way. A fanner
employs some men to gather his potato crop. They work, and when his
cellars are full, he tells them there Is
no more work. While they worked
he fed them on potatoes,
■■• "Now," he says, "work Is a great
blessing; but I am sorry, my cellars
are full and I'm worried to death because I cannot get rid of the potatoes." The potatoes rot on his hands,
because the men who gathered these
1 potatoes believed that work was a
walked away to look for more work—
when the work was done.
Are our labor leaders going to solve
the unemployed problem that way?
Are they fair to the worker if they
make unemployment a problem? If
they do, we will have nothing but a
lot of panic-stricken people rushing
Nanaimoites Will Celebrate Opening of First Labor Parliament in Ot. Britain
[Special to B, C. Federationist]
Nanaimo, B. C, Feb. 7.—A celebration will be held In Nanaimo on Tuesday, February 12, in honor of the
opening of the flrst labor parliament
in Great Britain, to take the form of
a concert, speeches, refreshments and
dancing. Some of the best vocal and
instrumental talent has been secured.
The principal speakers will be: Tom
Richardson, Sam Guthrie, M. L. A.,
Harry Melklo nnd nt least one woman
speaker. Tom Barnard will be tho
chairman. Some of the active spirits
in Nanalmo think this ls a unique
event, and invite anyone in Bympathy
with the movement to join in the celebration.
'around looking -for work, paying no
attention to the fact that owing to
our present system and the Improvement in production there Is simply
not enough work for everybody.
True enough, higher wages Bhould
enable more purchases, but it does
not work out that way, because the
higher wages are followed by higher
prices; yot, the higher prices follow
ao fast that they get ahead and lead
And crying "unemployment" will
never raise wages, but will lower
wages. Jho employer pretends to rejoice when there Is no unemplyoment;
likely he has got himself into a charitable state by thinking that the absence of unemployment is a good
thing for him.    But it is not.
So we have everybody crying out
about the terrible amount of unemployment. And it ie torrible—if we
allow a system to continue which
makes it a problem.   Such confusion!
Work ln itself ls not a bleBHing, and
we will not get efficiency as long as
we think it a blessing. Work is
means to nn end, and efficiency will
follow if we look upon it as such and
produce as much as possible with as
little work as possible- Then we will
approach the problem ot exchanging
our work with the proper mental nt
titl attitude,
It was Professor Lombrlso, the
celebrated criminologist, who said
society had Just that number of
criminals that it deserved. In ordor
to check that Increase, the Juvenile
would-be offenders must be stopped,
not at the prison, but before they
reached the prlson-gatee. No one
would seriously argue that society was
not entitled to protect Itself against
the criminal class, but the responsibility must rest with society to reform rather than to brutaltae Its prisoners. It was impossible to overdo
reform. It would be Insanity to open
the prison-gates and allow things to
right themselves, for that was not reform. He had known men to go to
prison for offences that one ln hie
saner moments would admit were not
to their discredit. Sometimes men
went from prison to parliament, and
sometimes from parliament to prison
—in a number of cases they had gone
from prison to tho house of commons,
Tho treatment which those mon had
received in prison was certainly not in
tho direction of reform. There aro
numerous complaints.from prisoners
wllo had given no criminal cause for
being Incarcerated as to their treatment in prison. This kind of thing
should not exist.
What about your neighbor*! sub*
Activity Around O, N. It. Deport
As a rosult of a rocent conforenco
betwoen local civio ofnclals and J. E.
Dalrymple, of the Canadian National
railways, tho announcement is mado
that the company will go ahead with
an expenditure of $100,000 In constructing roads and sldowalks In the
vicinity of tho Canadian National sta*
tion on Main street.
Nelson Miner Seeks Fame
Jack Mulholland, president of the
Prospectors' association, and one of
the best-known mining men in the
Kootenays, has left Nelson for Hollywood, where he plans taking a course
ln scenario production. Jack has
written a number of poems which
have attracted much attention locally,
"Society Oirls" Bun Hotel One
Day for Charity—"Lower
Classes" Different
New York "society girls" who recently took over the operation of two
big hotels for a day In the interest of
charity, have been getting a lot of
publicity ln the dally press. Reporters and photographers have vied in
describing and picturing their work as
amateur bellhops, room clerkB, waitresses and Venders.
The same papers which have been
almost falling over themselves to laud
the daughters of the Idle rich for n
few hours of work, have nothing to
say about the girls and youths, men
find women, who do the real work of
the liotelM, 865 days a yenr, year In
and year out. The hotel workers are
counted members of the "lower
clnsses," and the papers are not Interested in them.
Yet lt is these snme humble workers on whom the hotels depend. If
they should suddenly vanish from the
enrth, the hotels would cense to function, If the hotel manngerB should
turn to the "society girls" for relief,
it ls probnble that most of the girls
would make a sorry showing lf they
actually tried to run the hostelries and
give service equal to that of experienced workers.
Some day the workers will control
daily newspapers that will recognize
the services of thc renl workers nnd
will give spnee to their work nnd life,
rather than to the activities of the
gilded "society" butterflies who neither toll nor spin. Until the day comes
the public will have to submit to seeing real news crowded out by "guff"
on tho doing or "society girls."—International Musician.
It. 0. Farms
A survey rpcently conducted by the
dominion government revcnls that
there aro 21,073 farms of one ncre or
over in British Columbia, ns compared with 16,958 In 1911, and 6501 in
1901. Tho figures illustrate that
whilst the agricultural netivity of the
provinco hns incrensed tremendously
In the past decade, thc nvernge sizo
of provincial forma has diminished
somewhnt, revealing nn increasing
tendency in the province to Intensive
B. C. Pulpwood
Figures prepared at Victoria for
presentation to thc Canadian Pulpwood commission show that betwoen
16,000,000,000 and 20,000,000,000 feet
of pulpwood is available on Vancouver island, and more than 41,000,000,-
000 feot on the Island and mainland coast adjacent to the island. Of
the total of 41,326,500,000 feet available on the Island and tho adjacent
mainland coast, tho tracts under operation Include 11,243,000,000 feet, and
the tracts 'not under operation 30,-
083,500,000 feet.
Federated Labor Party Mectlnjc
Tom Richardson, well-known Labor
spenker, will nddrcss the Fcdernted
Labol* party nt room 5, 319 Pender
street west, on Sunday evening. Thc
subject will be. "Ramsay Macdonald,
the Man of Today."
Nearly all the plantation rubber In
the world, which ls now twelve times
as much as that from the forests, Is
grown ln the Malayan peninsula and
Dutch East Indies.
Vrgcs Pifhs Accuracy
Governor Charlofl A. Templeton, of
Connecticut, recently addressed the
Editorlnl association of thnt Btate nt
Now Haven. He urged accuracy In
quoting public speakers, strict adherence to the truth, and distinction between public offlce and the man holding offlce. "I can think of no greater
responsibility," he said, "than that of
the newspaper editor. By accurnte
news he can lead the people, and
therefore the government, along intelligent and sound lines. Public confidence Is your greatest asset. People
are doing more Independent thinking,
and I urge you, for tHe public good, to
discourage the exaggerated and the
The groatcM assistance that lbe
readers of The Federationist can render ns at this time, Is by securing a
now subscriber. By doing so ]
spread the newa of the working cbws
movement and assist us.
Every working day four men lose
their lives in the coal mlnee of Oreat
Australia an Example of Wbat
Organisation Can Do for  '
[By Frank Bohn]
[Dr. Frank Bohn, lecturer, writer
and economist of note, has but recently returned from an extended tour
through Australia and New Zealand.
He observed carefully conditions concerning the wage-earners and has
written for International Labor News
Service this concise Btatement of his
TN LABOR unionism Australia leada
the field. Her primary industries
are agriculture and stock-raising. Tet
In 1914, she numbered eleven actual
dues-paying unionists out of every
hundred Inhabitants. At that time we
had three out of a hundred, ranking
with France, Italy. Norway and Switzerland. Even so, considering our
large agricultural population, we did
better than most other countries.
These figures do not ahow that we are
far behind the crowd. What they do
show Is that Australia Is far ahead.
For ten years Australian labor haa
been nearly one hundred per cent, organized.
Suppose a good farmer, back in one
of our eastern states, haa raised 25
bushels of wheat per acre. Imagine
that man on a visit to the California
farmer, who raised a hundred'and
sixteen bushels on a single acre. What
would he be likely to do? No doubt
he would walk about the farm, asking his host all sorts of questions.
They would go to the granary and
take a look at the aetual crop. Then
they would .go to the field. "How
deep did you plow?" the farmer from
Missouri or Massachusetts would ask.
Dozens of other questions would follow. He would examine the marvellous soil which could grow such a
Not only the material Interest of
the eastern farmer, but his sporting
Interest as well, would be aroused.
Probably he would account a whole
day well spent In talking about nothing but wheat.
The writer spent a great many days
in New Zealand and Australia, asking
questions about the labor unions. He
learned much which he considers both
interesting and valuable. He believes some of the Australian methods
can be successfully applied ln Canada
and the United States. There are
coal mines ln New Zealand owned by
the government, but operated by the
miners' union. If a worker in Queens-
alnd (one of the Australian states).
marries and wants a new house to
live in, he goes direct to the government biiiMing ■!«-.partment. By paying five per cent, of the initial cost
he k s his house. When the 25th
annual pnyment is mnde, the house is
Liberal Insurance for Workers
Queensland nlso offers public insurance of all sorts. There If, accident insurance. The fund is made up
by payment out ofthe workers' wages,
the employers' profits, nnd the public
taxes. Under tbe old system of prl*
vale Insurance, thc disabled workers
received 34 per cent, out of nil funds
pnid In. Under the present public
system, maintained hy the stnte, thc
workers receive 87 per cent, of the
fund. Thirteen per cent, covers all
legitimnto ofllce nnd field expenses.
A disabled worker now gets $10 n
week, and n married man $17. lf a
worker Is permanently disabled, he
receives $3750. If he is killed, his
family gets from $2000 to $3000.
There Is u minimum wnge system
111 New Zealand and In all thc Australian states. Slnee 1914 the cost of
living hns risen less than 50 per cent.
Meanwhile wanes have risen, on an
average, more than 100 per cent. The
minimum wnge goes up regularly with
the rise In average wages. In New
South Wales, thc most populous state,
the legal minimum wage fixed by law
Is now $22 per week. It must be remembered, too, lhat the cost of living Is much cheaper in the Australian
cities than in New York, Chicago, or
San FranciBco. The eight-hour day,
with a haK-day off on Saturday, Is
now almost universal.
There are very few striken necessary in Australia. The great majority of the people have accepted the
principle that labor must be dealt
with fairly and generously.
Many of these reforms have been
won 'by the Labor party. But so
strong has labor become that nearly
all the politicians nre anxious to
serve them.
To Give Motherhood Pensions
Tho reformist (conservative) government of New South Wales Is now
about to enact a law providing for a
motherhood pension. It will apply
wherever, in a worker's family, thoro
arc more than two children. If there
are three children In a family, enough
will be paid to feed nnd clothe one
of them. If there are five children,
three will be fed and clothed. This
may or may not be a good system.
The Australians are going to try it
out and watch results. They wish to
(Continued on page 4) PAGE TWO
sixteenth year. No. ti BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, *% o.
, -FRIDAY.... February i
Publishod every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Business and Editorial Offico, 1129 Howe St.
-■-dittir;   Georgo Hartley
Subscription Rate: United States and For-
t'igr $8.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
j-ciu, $1.-50 for six months; to Unions sub-
scribing in a' bfl-dy, 10c por member por
month.        J»s '         ^^
Wqt Basis of Evolution
l]"T WAS proven Inst Friday evenlng.+Uohq    of
ihut even the above subjoct can be   8cn,l('*-
FRIDAY February 8, 1924
ft ,*    .■
MATEIUAli    ■   >
Jj M'GORtdSY, of the Lathers
union, declared a few days ago thut
the action tnlten by the Building
Trades department; of the A. F, of L.
at Portland last October, looking- toward solving tho problem of furnishing building material to union jobs,
especially during stiiho periods, will
be considero-i by lhe committee at
Pittsburg, on Thursday, February 14,
The committoe—of whicb Thomas
Preece, of the bricklayers, and John
Coflleld, of tho plumbors, nre other
members—has tentatively decided to
formulate plans to establish a $0,000,
000 corporation to conduct a building
material business on a national
scale. It is bolioved that that amount
of capital can bo obtained from internationals afflliated w.lth tlie Building
Trades department of the A. F. of L.
and other organisations willing to Invest, and that It.will be sufficient to
break down any boycott that may be
attempted ln tho future by material
dealers who are allied to opon shop
associations and having as a main
purposo tho destruction of trade
With the banking and loan companies now being formed by labor organizations, nnd the launching of a
co-operative national building supply
concern in project, the banking Institutions that have been accustomed
to loaning depositors' monoy to sandbagging opon shoppers will ho required to step more cautiously thSLn
herctofore. Tho unions have never
asked the bankers or material dealers
for special privileges—all that they
demand is a square, deal, And that
la what they intond to obtain. 'Perhaps in developing their plans to circumvent tho dictatorial methods of
the opon shoppors find their friends,
the hankers and material dealers, the
unions will bo performing a useful
service to said hankers aud material
dealers by Inducing tbem to mind
their own business or make room Tor
thoso who will-
Hebrew    priestcraft   and
What Is Socialism?
f\NE of the strangest things in regard to socialism is the number of
poople who think it Is a merging, or
combination of human identity, instead of a combination of effort for
tho regulation of the production and
the distribution of tbo fruits of effort.
It Is only with effort and its product
that socialism is imemdlately concerned. It is even only as far as
these affect morals that It is concerned with moralH. For instance, lf
those whose chief concern is morals
and their ordering, say that the conservation of the moral Is dopondent on
family prayers, scripture in schools,
or going to church, socialism says
"right. Havo it your own way." It
has nothing to say, and asks no-
grounds for interference, ns theae
things are outsido Its province altogether. Its concern Is the ordorod
combination of effort; that and tho
distribution of the product of effort.
It even has no concern with the number nf working dnys or hours uxlesfl
tho people give It ihe ordering of
To explain. A country may order n
48-hour week, a 10-hour day nnd no
Sabbath, or a 4-hour day and two
Sabbaths, but this would not mean socialism. It might oven be antagonistic to It in that thero was no ordered
community of effort and no regulation of tho product of effort. That Is
to flay, lon flshormon might oach flsh
mi hour a day or ten hours a day, hy
law, and becauso oach would work
as he chose In those hours, and Independently of the othors, with the
same ungovei-ned conditions as to disposal of product, there would be no
social ism In tbls regularizing and
limitation of hours, because thnt regularizing and limitation would stop
short of organised community of effort nnd Us product. 13ven the regu-
lnrlzing of effort Is not socialism whilo
the product of that effort ls left In a
state of."as you wore." Wo have that
regularizing done In ovory offlce and
business house In the world; for not
only tiro hours flxod, but oven the
time of beginning nnd ending nro fix
turea, And thoro Is no appenl on behalf of huiflrtn"liberty -or on tho
grounds of Intorferenco wltb humnn
freedom when Iho private employor
sots tho hour. If Mr. Factory blowfl
his whistle, you hnve to he thero
Where Mr. Bnrployor sets the time,
human liberty goes by the board.
Tho employer uses all the steps
loading to socialism (and benefits ne-
cordlngly) while condemning the very
thing which would make thorn of
valuo to tlie peoplo at large. Out of
the regulation of time and effort ho
mnkes stability of production, llo
uses evory link In tho chain mnklm.
for socialism but tho hurt. The lust
link deals with product and proflti
That link Is to socialism what the
heud ls Ut tho body. Without It Industry Ib a good deal like a fowl Jumping round with" ll* head cut off. Tho
killer oata but Is not always tho
needy; profits, and perhaps did loast
to produco that by which he profits.
made interesting, for a largo and appreciative audience assembled in the
W. P. hall to hear this discussed by
Dr. W. J. Curry. The orthodox Chris-
tlon or Jew, asserts that fhe Bible and
its morality, nro the changeless products of on eternal and changeless
creatoi', yet an examination of the
subjoct will convince anyone that no
literature reveals moral chnnge and
evolution than does that- compilation
of writings known as tbe Bible. Not
only do tho morals of the Bible develop, but It Is also evident that what
Grant Allen terms, "the evolution of
lbe idea of God, ls also conspicuous in
the Hebrew scriptures.
From this savage, Jealous and
changeable concept, so pronounced in
the first portions of tho old testament
lo thp "All-Father" of love and justico believed in by Isaiah and tho
Nazarene, marks a tremendous ad
vance in the minds and morals of
those who make gods in their own
image. Besides reading passages
from the Bible, tho speaker read also
portions from other works, Including
Remsburg's "The Bible," und Joseph
McCabe's ."Bankruptcy of Religion."
What Is Morality?
Sevoral definitions of morality were
submitted, and It was agreed that true
morality or ethics Involved that conduct In line with life and happiness.
Of course, from this it is evident that
morality is a relative*term, and that
no Bible nor divinity could dictate a
line of conduct conducive to genera!
peace or happiness where national
class or Individual interests clash.
According to the Bible, and Christianity, "sin, sickness and death" entered the world, because of man's disobedience in "eating of tho fruit of
the tree of knowledge," but no intelligent and thinking people today believo .in this^'anetont fable, while a
dozen sciences.'.have cxplbded this
theory of the fall. As a final knockout for this barbqrie myth, there nro
now in the British museum stone tab-
lots frphi the ruins of ancient Baby-
Ion, gfvfng the story of "The Fall,"
but this together with the tale of the
"deluge," and the "tower of Babel,"
are known to have been sacred traditions of other races, centuries he-
fore Moses, or his mythology were
hoard of.
Arguing from the orthodox standpoint, who but Jobovnh would be responsible for the crimo and misery
of mankind, seeing that He was the
all-knowing creator of all things, vial
ble and Invisible, including serpen's,
devils and sins. Of. course tho Christian scientist evades this dilemma by
assuring us that the eternal spirit of
"harmony, health and love" could not
create conditions resulting in sin, sickness and death, and that these are
but products of the mortal mind,
which Christian science ln time will
Who Caused Cnin to Slay Abel?
According to Genesis, the second
great crime on enrth wns when Cain
slayed his brother. He did this when
in a fit of Jealousy, and zeal for the
favors of Jehovah, and it was because
this spirit chief, who lived in the
clouds, naturally preferred Abel's sacrifice of roasting meat, to his own
offering of burned vegetables. The
old book contains numerous accounts
of how this tribal Deity gave Instructions regarding the special mode of
killing and "offering up" the flesh of
lambs, doves and bullocks.
The Busis of tlie Ton Commandments
Morals, laws and religions are dominated by economic laws. They do not
come from the sky. Yet even today,
millions believe in the divine rights
of kings, and private property.- When
Moses received the ten commandments written by the "finger of God,"
it marked the transition between communal and private property. Some of
these laws were for the priesthood,
"Thou shalt have none other gods but
Me," and "Remember the Sabbath
day to keep It holy," were monopolistic measures for the "Sabbath Day Alliance" of that age, Just as tho reeent
prohibition of Sunday concerts here Is
today In tbe interest of church revenue. "Thou shalt not steal," indicates the divine protection of private
property. The "spirit chiefs" of communal times knew no such laws. The
command against adultery applied
only to wives. The patriarchs and
kings, like David and Solomon, had
tho rights to possess aa many sex
slaves as their capacious hearts desired, • but the proud possessors of
flocks and herds of gold and silver
must make sure that their property
would be left only to their own sons,
and so the divine Mosiac law that
women who favored others than their
lord and master should be stoned.
It was a noteworthy fact, however,
that the rebel carpenter of Nazareth,
rep* dialed this penally and t^e double
.vardard of morals which still pre-
\itls. According to Christian theology, this means that He "turned
down" this command of His Almlghtv
Father, the "first person in the Holy
"Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his servant, nor ox, nor
," is another safeguard of the divine rights of property. Women are
classed with live stock, which perhaps
accounts for the fact that women are
the mainstay of theology and
The subject for this Friday will be
"Christianity.and the Class -Struggle."
at woman's window
- ■ (Copyright 1922 by-"United Peaturo Syndicatd.) ' ~   *'"": ■'"."
F THERE IS an expression I.detest It Is "the good-night kiss." It is practiced, so it seems, by a great many husbanrtd and wives, who, as the lights
go nut, administer to each other an apparently unmoved caress. It. Is a
horrible idea that these kisses, which during the engagement were so thrilling,
should be administered in a spirit of formality. To my mind there Is far foo
much kissing in this world, too much kissing between husbands ^and wives,
parents and children and women who like each other. Excessive kissing
doprives lhe caress of its significance.
People, especially mairied people, should never kiss each other until they
want tn, and, in fact, if they are wise they will hold off a little while even
then, so as to increase the wish and make its satisfaction more Intense It
must not be thought that because a couple have married everything between
thom should be allowed to grow common-place. If so many couples are
unhappy it is, just because of that, In this matter of the good-night kiss I
feel that it is merely an insultj it lowers the kiss to tho level of a
handshake whlchlnve give to everybody. The kiss is n minor caress, hut it Is
a caress all the snmo; it must not be given too lightly if it is to be valued at
all; it is an act of lovo and it should be given only when both call for it. Not
too careless, not too often, not too regular; these three rules seem to mo to
govern kisses even between the couples who are well used to them. By uncertainty and by self-restraint they enhance their mutual attraction, and whon
at last they satisfy it they obtain an emotion. An emotion Is in this world
the only thing worth having.
titled to claim   exemption ln respect i aldermen to spend a half-hour as I
of British Incomo Tax present or future. If any such tax has been deducted, s-^eps should bo taken to obtain refund thereof from the Inland
Revenuo authorities Immediately. I
shall bo pleased lo give any of your
readers any further information in
this matter, or be willing to prepare,
claims for repayment of tax on their
behalf if'they will communicate with
me. I may say that I have recovered
several thousands of pounds on behalf
of beneficiaries resident outside the
United Kingdom in respect of Income
tax since the 6th April, 1920.
12 Barton street, Macclesfield, England, January 24, 1924.
did, and there would be no moro 11
cences for such tommyrot! It was
fortunate my medium had a fit of
sneezing, as It saved me the fiO cents
or whatever I could afford to give,
would prefer spending it on lemoiiB,
and handing thom round to the audi
ence to suck, so setting the speaker's
teeth on-edge sho could not Inflict the
audience further.   Yours truly,
South   Vancouver,   B.   C,  Feb.   7,
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
New Silks
For Spring
Featured at Moderate Prices
Canton Crepe of a splendid quality and attractive
weave, in fallow, fog, oakwood, seal, navy or black;
39 ins. wide; extra value at $2.95 a yard.
A new (Srcpo with a flat weave and very fine finish,
is available iii grey, zinc, whirlgrecn, seal navy or
blaek; 39 ins. wide—$3,50 a yard.
Matalassc Morocain, a new brocade effect in attractive self colors of deer, zinc, sandalwood, navy and
blaek; 39 ins. wide—$4.50 a yard.
Noire Supreme is a charming new fabric, in shades
of fern, sistine blue, zinc or bombay; 42 inches wide
—$4.95 a yard.
—Drysdale's Silk Shop—FirBt Floor
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
|..|..|.i|i.|..|i«iHiHih  |n|  |ii|
lhe Morality of the Patriarchs
Bible heroes were referred to, and
it wns admitted that their conduct
would not have passed even in Vancouver today. But ethics is not prominent among savage tribes, and as
Remshurg says: 'In tho modern aense
of the term, neither morality nor
ethics, rmr their equivalent are to be
found In the Jewish scriptures, while
T. B, Wukeman, president'of the Liberal university of Oregon, and a sociologist, says: "Hunting for morality in
the Bible is like trying to flnd human
romains in the oldest geological stra-
taa, for morals, as we understand
them, had not thon been born." Take
for instance the character of Jacob,
who talked, and even had a wrestling
contest with Jehovah. As Komsburg
says, "this character deceived his
father, swindled his brother, practised
bigamy, and was otherwise what wo
would term criminal In his conduct.
David was "tho man after God's
own heart," yot his conduct would not
he tolerated lit any civilized country
today. Ho was a red-handed butcher,
who tortured and slayed thousands of
men, women and children."
We read that becnuso "Ond hardened Pharaoh's'heart," Moses Inflicted
tho seven plagues on the poople of
Egypt. He killed all the cattle, turned the rivers to blood, and the dust to
lice, and then killed off all lhe firstborn of the families of tho Egyptians.
Of course, these stories nro the savage
dreams of prlmative man, and are on
a par with lho miracles of Samson,
and the adventures of Jonah nnd the
whale, Jack the Giant Killer, or Sin-
bad ■ thCj-flflilor, Tbey survive as inspired tijrmngB in this age of science,
by reason of tlie claims nnd influence
of JcwIbIi Mohammedan and Christian
theologians, and boeause of the ignor-
anco of the masses, and tho oconomic
value which this type of religion has
for the ruling classes nnd property
rights. Tho childlike minds of nil
primitive poople weave in and around
their heroes the attributes of magic
and divinity, nnd so wo read how
Joshua mado tho "sun Btand still,"
whilo bo completed the slaughter of
the Amorltes, whtch tho Lord had delivered Into his hands,
Vet lho astronomers of ancient
Babylon saw nothing of this solar delinquency, und tho Egyptian historians made no mention of tho plagues
inflicted hy Mosos, nor the parting of
tho Fled sea, and tbo drowning of the
hoSts of Egypt, This ls becauso these
events wore but the dreams or l riven-
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is acceptod by the management.]
Sunday Concerts
Editor B. c. Federatlonist: The flat
has gone forth, that there nre to be
no Sunday concerts this year, Mayor
Owen giving the/casting vote. If It is
wrong tb hold Sunday concerts in nn
auditorium, thon It Is equally wrong
to hold them at the park or English
bay during, the summer season. In
either case they ar0 commercialized.
It does not change tho moral aspect
of the case, that In one instance the
money is paid by tho city, In the
other by the individual. The money
so received by the bands is used for
the same purpose, namely, to pay the
mombers' wages. There are thousands of peoplo In this cily, whose only
enjoyment of a Sunday is attending
Rowland's band concerts. Does any
person with ordinary intelligence,
claim that these persons are harmed
by spending an hour or so at these
concerts? Thousands of men and
women live in rooms, for personal
reasons they do not attend church,
when weather permits, they go out
for a walk on Sunday. But when It
rains, they are compelled to stay in
their rooms. Sunday concerts and
lectures are tlie safety valve of the
city. If the idea back of this move i
to force people to church, it will not
accomplish its purpose.
I notice two of the aldermen who
voted against the concerts live in glass
housos—one has several drug stores,
where you can purchase any sort of
an article on Sunday. The other,
during the summer, sells more ice
cream on Sunday than any other day
—and haB his deliveries going from
early Sunday morning until late at
night. How do they Justify their
stand on commercializing the Sab-
hath day? LOUIS D. TAYLOR.
Vancouver, B. C, Feb. 4, 1924.
"To ChrlHtalu Nations"
Editor B. C. Federationist:* Will
you kindly allow me to offer my congratulations to Mr. Ronald Knott on
hla beautiful poem "To the Christian
Nations'? and to personally express my
appreciation of it. Technically it is
above reproach: the morality lt
breathes is in highest accord with ono
great fundamental mornl law and the
phrasing and wording contain a charm
which stamp it of classic- value.
"Raco by race hnve yo takon Christ
and bound to your altar rail." Yes
surety! nnd crucified Him a thousand
times ovor by systematically mutilating and misrepresenting his teaching
while hypocritically professing allegiance to it. 1 shall keep this classic
poom to rond and re-read when I am
fooling heart-sore at the worm's miseries. I strongly recommend it to
our Minister of Education for serious
perusal that he mny cause it to be
.printed in our school readers with instructions that It be explained to our
scholars line by line and word by
word.    YoUrs obediently,
Vnncouver, Feb. 5, 1924.
Spiritual Meeting
Editor B. C. Federationist: I would
like to draw attention to the way in
whioh certain people are licensed by
the city to prey on the public of Vancouver. I was persuaded last Thursday night to attend what Is called a
'spiritual meeting," held off Hastings
street. I at flrst refused to go, but
as the young couple seemed to be carried away with what went on In the
meeting, I decided to see for myself,
and give them my opinion. A middle-
aged woman stands behind a-table on
which is placed certain articles, such
as watches, rings, etc., ■ by those attending. This woman clds-SsSher eyes
while holding the watch or ring in her
hand, then she spiels off tho.moat unmitigated drivel I have ever lisloned
to. The flrst person who owned a
watch was told she was going to dispose -of her home and take another
she was also going on a large boat
like one sees round the Brazilian islands. She had a lady friend, rather
tall, with a long face, and grey hair,
who was going with her. (I wonder
if she meant "Charlie's Aunt," from
Brazil where the "nuts" come from,
understand many of;these "nutB" are
attending her meetings regularly, paying from 50 cents to dollars. Then I
was told, after claiming to be the
owner of the ring sho held,' that I
was in business and would be passing
through many towns on business, and
my medium who was imparting thiB
news to her was a woman, small of
stature, with grey hall*—her name
was Emma, who had no teeth, was
Just about' to sneeze. In fact, she had
to stop telling me any more, as this
medium was going to have another fit
of sneezing, and my ring was handed
back to me. The first lady said she
had no home, so she was wrong there.
I also Informed the woman I thought
I could account for the sneezing of my
medium, as I carried a snuff box, and
as I was not in business, and was not
going to travel, I had heard enough.
I felt the time of my departure was
righf at hand. Mr. Editor, I could go
to Westminster asylum and hear more
common sense for nothing from many
of tho inmates there in five minutes
than there was to be heard in this
meeting. I wonder what is the matter with people who go night after
night and listen to such fool talk hs I
heard? There were mostly women who
attended, and I don't think they had
been shell-shooked. But if I had a
wife who parted with my hard-earned money to such people as these, I
am afraid thfs would be one of the
reasons "why men leave home," and
I would be doing likewise. As 1 came
out nnd was asked for my opinion, I
could not help but say: "Poor simps."
I don't blame the woman who Ib
drawing in the dollars, but there is
an old saying, "a fool born every
minute."    And I would like the city
Soviot Russia
Editor B. C. Federationist: Kindly
allow me a little space in yaur paper
Aa an article appeared in the B. C.
Veterans-Weekly, Feb., 2, 1924, in regard to Ramsay Macdonnld's immediate recognition of soviet Russia, I
wish to state that it is a step towards
industrial freedom. I als<> hope that
the workera of England and of tho
world will awaken and-dethrone the
blue-blooded parasites who are giving
in luxury at the "price prtid by the
workers who slave in tho sweat shops
of capitalism for tho mere right to
exist. They also refer to the death
of tbe czar and his family as being a
barbaristic .murder. If the editor of
tho B'. C. Veterans Weekly will remember "Bloody Sunday," in 1906, at
MQBfiow, Russia, where thousands of
workers wero murdered Uke sheep.
Under ^the regime of tlie lato Czar
Nicholas, for a more offence the victims were taken to Red square at
Petrograd, and tho royal family were
dolightcd to spend the day In seeing
men and women uhsexed nnd torn to
pieces, ns It wns their method of punishment, and had reserved seats for
the occasion. The oditor of the B"; C.
Veterans Weekly cannot be very well
posted on conditions In Russia, if he
refers to the czar and hla family as
being murdered. I would like to
know what he calls the late war,
where millions of men were slaughtered, as I think that when the bolsheviki overthrew the czar, they put
an end to a family of useless parasites
and also wish that others will follow
the, example. I have Just returned
from Russia on a visit, and I am disappointed to see that the conditions
of Canada are not as good aa the Germans under the kaiser's regime,
will close, hoping this item will be
published, thanking you, I remain,
yours for industrial freedom,
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 6, 1924.
Nothing but the Truth
Employer—I hoar you were ill yesterday, Snooks.
Snooks—Yes, sir.
Employer—You didn't look very 111
when I saw you at the racea Jn tho
Snooks—Didn't I, sir? You should
have aeon me after the finish of the
third race.
Legislation to establish an 8-hour
day in Quebec Is asked of the govern-
jnent by organized labor In that province.
THB umlonigiMd will receive tenders up
to 12 o'clock noon, Tuesday, tho 26tn
day of Fobrunry, 1924, for tho aupply ol
2000 ynrds ot uinform Blue Sorgo Cloth, indigo fast dye. Specifications as follows:
Not loss than 68 inches in width, weight per
yard 20" ounces. Delivery: 600 yards Jnne,
1924; 000 yardB August, 1924; 800 yards
January, 1925. Samples of not less than
one-half yard to accompany tender with
marked cheque equal to 5 per cent, of tender.
Olty Purchasing Agent.
Entire Winter Stock
Coats, Suits, Dresses, Skirts
UU policy of ma It in l; n complcto clenr-
unco of each sciLM.nV' gairtnontsi nnd
Hip nri-ivnl of grent quantities of new
spring nppnrel, makes It Imperative to
Mii'i-i(i«'.- nil winter xtock SOW'. Hnlf-
prico tickets prevail throughout the attire
Como and make ynur snvings now.
Famous S&gktm
Ring op Pbone Seymonr HU
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite   SOl   Dominion   Building
what ono depends upon when placing
a  Long  Distance  call.    These  aro
factors   which   our Long Dislanco  staff
exert thomsolves to provido you with.
Are yoa making your Telephone deliver
100 per oent. useful aervice In your business or home life f At your disposal are
Long Distance lines to all principal towns
and villages within hundreds of milea of
your own Telephone, including many
United States points.
Call our "Rate Clerk" for charges.
Tou will flnd them reasonable.
After-Eating Distress
And all forms of stomach trouble, such as
gas pains, acid, sour, burning stomach are
all relieved ln two minutes by taking
Jo-To aold hy aU Druggists.
Kn-illsh Income Tux
Bdltor B. C. Federatloniat: 1 beg
to point out thnt undor existing Eng-
li.-ili laws, Britlah tmbJoctH resident
outsido the Unltod Kingdom, are entitled to recover a portion of any income tax, which may liavo boon deducted from Income received In the
United Kingdom. Thin reliof takes
offect from the th April, 1920, and
clalma for repayment of income tax
should bo lodged with tho inland rev-
onuo authorities in England without
delay. Thla applies to beneficiaries
taking shares of Income from estate:?
administered in tho United Kingdom,
or interest or dividends on stocks and
shares ln their own names. I may
point out.that persons resident outsido thc United Kingdom, possessing
4c/e Funding Loan 19Go/90 are en-
HAVE you ever had a real drink
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To meet the desires of many clients,
we have Introduced recently a pure dear
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either pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. These drinks
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Older Manufacturers
1956 Commercia'. Drive. Vanceuver, B. 0.
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1160 Oeorgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meoting, 6 p.m. Froe reading room,
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Tbls advertfsoment Is not published or displayed
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Oovernment of British Columbia.
Union Bank of Canada
CAPITAL  .$  8,000,000
PROFITS ._     2,067,074
TOTAL ASSETS - 128,299,679
The Baulks Annual Statement has just been issued and.
copies thereof are available for anyone, on application, at any
branch of the bank.
"Diogenes" of the Vanoouver Daily Provinoe
Price, Cloth $1.50; Paper, $1.00
1 IFRIDAY February 8, 1924
sixteenth tear. No. 6 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
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602 Hastings Street West
Corner Soymour Phone Seymour 3331
Open Tuesday and Friday evenings
Vancouver Unions
IvAKCOUVW     TB/U>B»  '±**_XZ_*__
B-ner»l -ecrelKy, Vrny R. Brngougk.
■*__„—.,_-_     _„tl_l__        PhnnA    SflV
i. A.
J.fflce    80S Holden Balldinf*    PJone
ItS™    Meet. In Labor mil at 0 pjn
■the first ind third Tueeday. In montb.	
Tt-se eecond Monday in the month. Pre*
Jlldent, J. B. White; .ocreUr-f, B. H. Neel-
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I-f'vSr mU"ve.t-Bn.ln... meetaje
Ivcrr Wedneeday. eYeninB. .„Al_***,?JJ
J,hone Seymour 1832, or FairmontJ»38;	
lAL,u_'"c m^f_SS"WTd"tl! -H
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|CpU' Be'y. |8a-,  Bcidence pbone,
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hiVIOEMPLOlEEo   umy**v     ,.      , ...
Rrf._.  1182 Parker Street,
Harrison. 1« """ "'"^rrri rTSloN
jTS-f-i Operating,   £■*  »}*^K
Irery Thnraday at 8 pa* 1Boom bu
ftldg.   PrMllent, J* TXr»"'H™„. recording
End financial eeereUry, if. h. du*..,
Eecretary, 0. Hodges.  _—
Thsmsbal   labors   OmON-MMrB
El seefetar, \***^SB-f- 2W <>'
laraJ^ ™ ° "■■'• v""">,"er•
Tot Steam and Operating, Local 882
Jleets ovory Wednesday at 8 p.m, Keom
foe Holden Bldg ■""»*•?£'"_
luslness agent and financial secretary, ». u
Inn!I   recording secretary, J* T. Venn.
fcllding.   MeoU on second and fourth mea
lya in month. . -.Mim-
I ONION, Local 1*5, A. F. ot M.—Meets at
loose Hall, Hom.r Street, **«^__****i
10 am. Pros dent, Ernest 0. Miller, 9U1
1 on siroet: socretary Edward. We.™.
»1 Nolson Street! flnanolal «"•'"»;,*• £•
iiUlame,  001 Nolson Streetl  organiser, F.
Jetcher, 991 Nolson Btreet. ^^
PtOBS and Pap.rb.ng... of toorlca, Loca
Is, V.neou.er—MeeU 2nd and1 4th Thun
tot, at 148 Oordova Street West. Phone
W,  8510.   Business Agent. H. D. Collard.
|i__ drivers,* bbidge, wa£BF AMU
IdooIc Builders, Looal No. **•)*—»•«•»'
|2 Hasting. Street West every IJHay, •» 8
*       Jas. Thompson   an.nclal aeoretary.
■ ni.      *.*»"■   _nvm__—_   —	
Il03, 305 Cambl. Street, P* 0. Box. 671.
lono Sey. 8703.   Meetings ovory Monday at
loo n.m.   Q. OampWli business agent.	
■0.-M.etlng nights, «"t Th-hJii"* "Jj
lld.y ot each month at headqu.rt.rs, 81B
tdov. Street Wat. BwM "• ™"
t; vice-president, John Johnson; *•_*%'
■•surer, Win. Donaldson, addres. 31IW
I. Btreet West. Branch agent'j ri*"*
Erg. Faulkner, 678 Johnson Street, Vic-
lie, B. 0.         i	
ISeet and eleotbio iju*i»*>'™;
Joyces, Ploneor Division No. 101—M.et.
I P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, lit and
\ Monday, at 10:16 a.m. and 7 pm. Pro-
Lt, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Olarke Drive!
Krding locrefary. F. E. OrHln, 447—8th
t. East! treasurer, A F. Andrew; flnan*
J seoretary .nd business agent, W. «••*."►
ll, 188—17th A«. W.   oSc., oornor Prior
1 Main Strwt.,
Phone Fairmont 4S04Y
JBNBTMEN.   TAILOBS'     V»}U*>  .-,-.
imorlca,   Loeal  No.   178—Meeting,  held
I Monday In each month, 8 p.m.   Presl-
git,   A.   B.   Gatenby;   vice-president,   Mrs.
pfk! recording secretary, 0. McDonald^ I.
■Box 508! flnanelal secretary, P. MoNelsb,
10. Box 808. _________
RTION—Meets at 091 Nel.on -Street, at 11
,. on tho Tuesday preceding tho 1st Sun-
r et thc month. President, E. A. Jamie*
h. 991 Nelson St.! Secretary, 0. H. WU-
Jms, 991 Nelson St ; Business Agent, r.
Etcher, 991 Nelson gt
JfcoaBAPHICAL UNION, flo. *_*_o—rresl*
■Tent, B. P. PettlpleCB: vloo*prolident J.
TBryam soorotarytreasnror, B. H. See-
ills P 6. Box 88. Meets last Snnday ot
Ih month at 2 p.m. ln Holden Building, 16
Tetlngs Btreet Eoat* .	
IJNION, No. 113—President,.^. .D. Mao*
laid, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
ft). Box 8B9. Meets last Thursday of each
I'ender Btreet West. Business meetings
fcy 1st and 3rd Wednesday every month.
Joarpendale, oorroBpondlng ".rotary j B.
■her, flnanelal iecretary! 3- Halliday,
Inch organiser. ^^^^^^^^^
■every reader .can help
[livery reader of The Federationlit:
jl render .aluablo asBis-ynoe by reiving their subscriptions as soon as
y are due, and by Inducing another
■rkcr to subscribe. It does not take
Itch effort to do this.   Try It.
Band  The  Federatlonist tb  your
Epmate when you are through with
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Scotch A it is tes Orplictim Stars
There will be a great gathering of
the clans, at the Orpheum next Wednesday night, .when the new vaudeville bill opens, headed by that ever-
popular organization, Jack Wyatt's
Scotch luds and lassies. The company
of eight, all hail from the land of the
heather and "haggis," and in thetr
native kilt and tartans they give 30
minutes of stirring Dundee entertainment, There is the skirling pibroch,
the tap o' the drums, the Highland
dances and folk aonga—all with that
delicious Scotch flavor. Ten numbers
are Included, and the scenery and costumes are brilliant, many claim being represented by the costume tartans. One need not be from the land
of cakes to fully appreciate and enjoy
this. The second big feature ls Wellington Cross, one of the most versatile actors on the stage. Supported by
a capable company, he offers a comedy in four scenes, by Edgar Selwyn,
entitled "Anything Might Happen."
Travesty Bpelled with a capital "T" is
exemplified by Jimmy Lucas and company in "Vampires and PooIh." Ed.
and* Tom Hlckey are eccentric steppers, and their act ties their steps to
a winning line of patter. A flne voice,
with an Irish smile, arc some of the
assets of Vaughn Comfort, famous
tenor. He sings songs everybody
likes, "Peplto" is a Spanish clown,
formerly a great favorite with King
Alfonso and the royal family. For
sheer buffoonery he Ib delightful, and
also is a great imitator. Thrills galore are promised by La Fleur and
Portia, "the human top and the incomparable equilibrist." The usual
picture attractions-, and selections by
the original Orpheum concert orchestra are added features to this splendid bill of high-class vaudeville.
Heading a tip-top vaudeville bill
of Seven Bif Features
Mattneea Thnraday, Friday, Saturday
The American Tenor
  The .Bpanlih, Clown     ■• ' _
•    Ed.—HICKEV—Tom
Two Elegant Oentlemen
"Anything Might Happen"
. "Vampires and Fools"	
"KUts and Tartans"—Hoot Moui
Best $2.50
Glasses not prescribed unless absolutely necessary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists. Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind onr own lenset. Lentei
duplicated by null.
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical House)
Be  snro  of  the   addrese—Above
Woolworth'i Store, near
.^Ult* 36, Davia Chambers,
Phone 8ay. 1071
Programme of Trades and Labor
Oongress of Canada
for 1924
Synopsis of Reasons Advanced for
Immediate Action by Fed- -
eral Oovernment
(Concluded this week)
rrHB granting of old age pensions
would not destroy the habits of
thrift. The greatest .sufferers today
are those who, having succeeded
ln saving sufficient to own a
small home, or an equity In
one, find -themselves unable to
secure further employment to enable therrt to meet their living expenses, taxes, etc., and see their home
passing out of their own possession*
■Their only outlook, under the present
conditions, is that they may die before
their small savings are entirely dissl
A survey of a number bf old age
pension acts of other countries, toge<
ther with a review of the conditions
existing in Canada, leads us ot make
the following suggestions:
1. The responsibility for the protection of aged \yorkers should be
upon the federal government. This
would ensure equality of treatment to
all Canadian citizens, irrespective of
the province In which they reside, and
would abolish the many abuses that
havo taken place where pension
schemes are under the control of employers.
2. Legislation should be based on
granting pensions to all who have
reached the stipulated age limit, with
provisions that those who have assured incomes of reasonable amount
should not be eligible to participate.
This would obviate many of the difficulties which would arise If the decision, as to who were really needy
people, was left to the discretion of
an individual or board.
3. Ponsions should be available to
those who have reached the nge limit,
(which should not be more than 65
years) and provision should also be
mado for tho<_o who at an earlier age
become totally Incapacitated and Un
ablo to earn their own living.
4. Pensions should be available to
those who have held continuous residence, except for short absences, for
a reasonable number of years. (Aus-
trajia Axes such residence at twenty
5. Most of tho legislation existing
In other countries treats this question
as ono of compulsory insurance, to
which tho state is .a heavy contributor;
a percentage of the funds being collected direct by the workers them-
soles. Bodies of workers in this country have approved this method for
providing old age pensions, whilst the
majority has held that all the money
should be provided from state funds.
We are of the opinion that lf the
method of payment of weekly or
monthly premiums hy the workers is
put into effect, then the same should
be made through the post offices, and
not collected where the workers are
Health Insurance
This also Is a form of social Insurance, which Is becoming more generally recognized in the countries of
chief industrial importance, and is
recognized in Canada to a limited degree in case of industrial accidents
through compensation boards, which
now generally provide medical assistance in such cases.
The protection of the health of the
workers of any country is of primary
importance, and Js becoming recognised by many other organizations,
outside of the labor moement, as a
duty that can well he undertaken by
the state.
Coupled with this question is our
request for legislative action for the
prevention of lead poisoning and anthrax. The international convention,
preventing the use of white phosphorous in the manufacture of matches,
has already been subscribed to and
enforced 'by the government of Canada, and simitar action in re'gard to
anthrax and the use of white lead,
would prove beneficial to the health
of the workers employed in those industries.
Onc Day's Rest in Seven
In 1906, a bill was enacted by the
government of Canada, known as the
Lord's Day ant and, In reporting the
same to tho Victoria convention in
that year, the congress executive stated that "this bill provided for securing ono day's rest in seven, with which
principle we all appeared to be in accord." Certain exceptions to the operation of the act were necessary, and
the 'difficulty arose in connection with
those exceptions and the high expectations expressed at that time have not
been fulfilled; the law .having practically never„been enforced.
It may be possible to amend the
Lord's Day act so as"tf? make the same
effective in, giving to the workors one
day's rest in seven, but if not, then we
urge that new legislation be Introduced to assure, that every worker shall
have tho opportunity of one day in
each week which he can devote to
himself an'd his family.
Criminal Code Amendments
Our suggestion for amendments to
the criminal code are under four
However desirable in theory the
elimination of strikes may bc, yet, in
practice, the time has not arrived
when workers can afford to have thfs
right denied them by legal process.
Its exercise ts fundamental to the preservation of the workers' liberty, and
it is their last resort in tho economic
struggle fqr justice... Though on the
industrial fiold this right to strike has
not, as yet, in Canada, been openly
or seriously ohallenged, yet the power
to make a Btrike effective has been
constantly attacked by many insidious methods.
The right to strike must carry with
it the right to persuade the unorganized to organize and join with the organized in strikes, and to employ
those methods such as picketing, without which the'right to strike becomes
a mere shadow.
Foremost amongst., the attacks
against these necessary activities of
strikes has been the resort to the.
courts by employers, to have "injunctions" issued against strikers to prevent them from doing those things
which, by the use of devious technical
arguments, afe given tho semblance
if being unlawful.
Lord Camden, one of England's
greatest legal authorities, dealing with
the Issuing of injunctions, said:
"The discretion of a judge ls the
law of tyrants; it is always unknown;
it is different in different men; it is
casual and depends upon constitution,
toinpor and passion. In the best it Is
ol'trtlmos caprice;, in. the worst it is
every vice, folly and passion to which
human nature Is liable."
, Trade unions have never claimed ta
be above the law. It has been fdtind
necessary, however, as In the Combines act, passed by parliament last
session, to particularly define between
human beings and articles of commerce by exempting trade unions from
the operation of certain laws which
might otherwise be used as a means
of oppression.
British law haa always recognized
that a strike must be effective to be
of any service, and therefore the British parliament has, from time to
time, amended its laws so as to safeguard certain necessary activities connected with strikes, such as the freedom of speech and assembly, the right
to organize and peacefully picket, etc.
In a legal opinion, submitted to our
Windsor convention, by Mr. John G.
O'Donoghue, barrister, etc., Toronto,
solicitor of the congress, dealing with
the right to peacefully picket,, he. particularly draws attention to the fact
that the criminal code of Canada did
originally contain similar provisions,
in this respect, to the British acts, but
notwithstanding the protests of labor,
theso provisions wore omitted when
the criminal code was codified, on the
grounds that they were unnecessary,
as peaceful picketing Itself was not
declared illegal In the act.
Answering the protests of the
Trades and Labor congress in 1910,
the Hon. A. B. Aylesworth, minister of
justice at Ottawa, in refusing to
amend the criminal code, by inserting
tho original proviso, emphasized a
similar belief saying:
"It would seom that the amendments you suggest would riot be ne
cessary or likely to Improve the position of the men ln whose interest you
are acting so far as concerning the
right they claim to picket peacefully,
Since that time numerous cases
occurred where judges in Canada have
refused to take cognizance of these
declarations of the justice department at Ottawa, and, treating with
the letter of the law, coupled with
what has, at times, appeared to be a
decided prejudice against organizations of labor, have declared to be unlawful acts, which would be lawful in
every other part of the British empire.
Many cases of this kind could be
cited. Perhaps reference to a recent
Judgment by Chief Justice Martin
against the International Ladies
Garment workers in Montreal will'be
sufficient to emphasizo the necessity
for the amendments which we now
suggest. This judgment prevents
those on strike from in any way picketing or interfering with either the
employees or prospective employees
ot the plaintiff company, and further
assesses damages against the union
apparently because the plaintiff found
that the strikers employed cost more
and producod less than his original
The law relating to sedition, sediti
ous cinspiracy, etc., ,is one subject to
so many interpretations and dependent so largely upon current circunv
stances as to practically place thc
power of conviction in the hands of
any one man or small group of men at
any time, In application, the wage-
earners seem to have been the only
soction of the community to whom
this law has been made applicable.
Briefly, our presont requests are
that the fullest freodom of spoech.
right of assembly and freedom of organization should be established in
Canada, and our laws brought into
harmony with those of Great Britain,
so as to again restore protection to
workers against tlie interference of
the coutts in peacefully conducted
labor disputes, or In tlieir attempt to
constitutionally discuss essential
changes ln our present economic, industrial or political life.
Our requests are submitted under
two heads. First, by amendments to
the Immigration act, and second' formation of policies nnd promulgation
of regulations which would protect
alike both the Canadian citizen and
the prospective immigrant.
We believe that all colonization assistance should be first extended to
those already in Canada, thus enabling people with a knowledge of Canada and Its conditions to have the
first opportunity to establish themselves on the land. An netiyp colonization campaign for tictllors conducted
In our cities, wo fool sure, would bring
greater results in the settlement of
our vncant lands than the efforts being made in Great Britain and foreign countries, and would naturally
tend to 'better balance our population
and relieve the unemployment constantly recurring In Industrial centres,
Bonuses and untrue advertisements
and similar methods used to induco
immigrants to come to this country,
should bo discontinued, and every effort mado to bring only such people
as can bo assimilated into our national life, and for whom there ls reasonable opportunity of employment,
without causing unemployment to
those already here.    Our whole ob
ject Is to assist In the permanent development of .Canada and abolish
waste of money and effort; and prevent the perpetuation of the distress
caused to so many by present and
past policies. We have every confidence that the adoption of pur recommendations would bring this about.
Industrial Disputes Act
The amendments introduced and
passed by the last session of parliament, met with tho endorsatlon pf
the workers of this .country, and we
regret the subsequent action of the
sonate which prevented these from
becoming law. These amendments,
with such additions- as specifically
mentioned in our legislative programme, should be introduced early
in the next session of parliament, in
order to give better** opportunity to
the house-of commons to:"overcome
the obstruction of the senate if the
same occurs again.
Fob' Wage Act
Many weaknesses are still apparent in the fair wage regulations at
present in effect. Government con
tractors still seem to be given to those
determined to take every advantage
of labor surpluses to avoid carrying
out the provisions of these measures.
Lack of penalties for violations also
make lt profitable to pay less than
current wages with the knowledge
that even with the most drastic enforcement only part, of the deficiencies
in tho wage envelope will be paid.
The questions constantly raised as to
Interpretation of whether the present
regulations covering day labor done
by the government departments and
contracts, let by companies or commissions financed by the dominion
government, make further revision
Accessary. Doubt has also been expressed as to'the powers of the minister of labor to enforce the present
regulations, &ti- tor all 'of these reasons, .we ask that a. further revision
take place, and that the same be
enacted Into legislation as preferable
to an order-in-councll.
Amendments to tlie Shipping: Act
Suggested amendments to fix the
age. 'of -employment of children on
ships, is covered fully by thfc recommendations of the International Labor
organization, whilst the changes desired to protect and improve the
working conditions of marine engineers, has been covered by a separate
memorandum submitted by the National Association of Marino Engineers to the minister of marine, and
which has boen fully endorsed by our
Kepcnl of Sulcs Tax
This tax, we believe to have added
most to the cdk of living of the low
est paid worker and his family, and
further, to bo both confusing and
costly ln Its administration. The accumulation of proflt added to outlay
on sates tax often amounts to many
times the value of the tax before the
articles actually reach the hands of
the consumer.
Mllltla Act Amendments
The necessity for securing amendments to the Militia act was made
very apparent during the recent strike
of the steel workers in Cape Breton.
For the second time in less than a
year, federal troops were rushed ifito
the coal and steel areas of Cape Breton at the demand of the employing
company—the British Empire Steel
corporation. In answer to protests
ontored against this action to the
primo minister, the Rt. Hon. W. L.
Mackenzie King, we were again informed, during the strike of coal miners in the same district last August—
that the federal government has no
option under the Militia act, and is
bound to furnish these troops when a
requisition is made in accordance with
sections 80 and 81 of tho Militia act.
Under thoso sections it will be noted
that designated members of the judiciary have the power to make a requisition for troops even though tho
provincial or municipal authorities,
wh,o later may 'be charged with the
cost of tame, are of the opinion that
they are not required and refuse to be
responsible for the expense of thetr
It Is our opinion that amendments
should be introduced to the Militia
act whereby tho only authorities who
could make requisition for the calling
out of the militia in aid of the civil
powor should be either the municipal
council of tho district wherein riot
may occur or bo anticipated, or the
governmont of a province, and lhat
In either case thoso making the requisition should be absolutely responsible for the cost of such military aid.
Wo furthor believe that the federal
govornment should bo given discretionary powers as to their compliance
with such a requisition even whon
made by n municipality or a provincial government. In this way direct
responsibility   would   be   fixed   upon
20 to 50%
^Tfltf fiudson's Bag (Tompana J
those answerable to tho electors for
their action.
Canada can no longer afford to allow the use, of misuse of its military
forces to be decided by one individual
whoso authority is not subject to public approval'or disapproval.
Amendments to tlio Bank Act
The recent -failure of the Home
Bank, coupled with the amalgamation of other banks has created a dis^
trust throughout Canada as to the
stability and efficiency of our banking
institutions. These are practically
monopolies today, ahd supposedly un
dor government regulation and control. The Bank act already provides
for a centralized fund whereby note
Issues of each chartered bank are
guaranteed, and also provide for full
security for government deposits. Believing that financial stability . depends upon the willingness of the
mass of the people to place their savings on deposit, we urge that amendments be Introduced which will guarantee them protection against loss.
We believe that the other matters
submitted by us are already fully explained In the documents submitted,
but If not, then we will be glad of the
opportunity to discuss them at any
time. ,
llio Kind You've Always Bought
A slate quarry of unlimited resources has been discovered In Cornwall. It looks as if the coal supply ln
this country is assured.—Punch.
[By Charles O'Neill!
Ho'd been fifty years before the mnst.
In steam and sail, aa boy and man;
Now wenry with tho hardships past,
He's reaching Life's allotel span.
Gone is the brightness of his Ht£ eyns
Thore Ih no spring In his shuffling
For  his youthful  strength  ho often
Then  bows In sorrow his silvered
Ho's been fifty yenrs a docile slave;
Now he's too old, of no more use. |
For fifty years the best he gave-5-
He'-ll get nothing now but hard
Old Salt, I wonder did ever you think,
When to oboy, away you'd race,
After fifty years you'd quickly sink,
The  "poorhouse"  grinning In  your
Be sure to notify the post office as
soon as you change your address.
I)iBBppeui m lf by magic athen
I    JO-TO
is used, (ills ]>Hlns, sold stomach, sour
stomilch, burning ntid nl! . ft*>r-i*iuin>* distress rolU-ved tn two minutes. AU Drug
Following is a Ust of Dance Bftlli dlipl_7__ff
the Union Label:
LESTER COURT, 102. Davit Stroet.
COTILLION HALL, Darir and OranviUe.
burn. West Vancouver.
DOMINION HAIL. _2_ Pender Stroet West.
O'ISRIGN HALL, Homer and Hastings Sta.
WILLOW HALL, 17th Ave and Willow.
ODDFELLOWS HALL, 6lh and Main St.
K. OF P. HALL, Sth Ave, E. oil Main St.
Frasor Street.
K. OF P. "DANCE HALL, North Vancouver.
ELKS HALL, Lbnsdalo Ave., North Vancou*
LAUREL COURT. 2**i0l) l)lk. Lanrol Stroet.
l'AVLOWA DANCE HALL, 29th and Main
MOOSE HALL. 525 Homor Stroot.
ORPHEUM CABARET. 761 Oranvillo Street.
LODGE CAFE. 55fi Seymour Streot.
Fairmont 14
Is Our New Phone Number
/""iUIl line of Men's Fino Dress
" Boots  at  W.00,   In   tan   or
black is exceptional value.
Qrob Work Boots, 6 to 11.
Special at f 1,05
Men's English Flannel Shirts:
14% tp 17; regular -$2.GO. To
clear at $1.05
Boys' Blue .Serge Krilcker Pants.
Special at  91.25
Boys' Ocmiliie Kngllsh Corduroy
Pants.    Speciul, from ...$1.50
Boys' Wool Hose, mnde In Fit-gland. Regular 50c. Saturday
3 pahs for  $1,00
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's ami lloyn* Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
Bstwttn 7tli and 8th avenues    *
Phone, I'lilrmoiu 11
Government Stores In British Columbia always have a uoorily supply
or HltlTANMA Bi:i:K.     Tho rest is up to you.     Order "Britannia"
Beer, and be sure ymir order bt ill led exactly,
Australian Labor
(Continued from page 1)
populate their enormous country with
their own healthy, well-bred children.
They refuse to flood their country
with the cheapest labor that can be
found ln countries having the lowest
standard of living. We might mention at least a score of other results,
all equally notable, attained by Australian labor. Space forbids.
To accomplish these results the
Australian labor organizations have
done much by way of organization
and education. They have gone Into
politics much more successfully than
we can possibly do here in our generation. In taking political action,
they are not handicapped as we arc.
They are all of one color. They are
all one people, speaking one language.
They have practically no illiterates.
They have very few labor fanatics.
About 99 per cent, of the workers are
willing to organize ln a practical way
to achieve practical ends. So they
can have a Labor party which often
wins elections and makes the laws.
The Labor party has ruled Australia
for years at a time. The writer does not
believe that the American worker can
successfully adopt Australian politi
cal methods at this time. Political
action with us' muts be non-partisan,
An American labor party could not
possibly win a national election.
Labor Educates Public
But there Is one thing done by the
.Australians which we can begin to
do just as well as they. And it is the
most important part of their policy
and programme. The Australian
workers have educated" the mind of
the entire nation. A majority of the
citizens outside the ranks of labor understand the goal toward which labor
Is striving. There Is no country In
the world, beside Australia and New
Zealand, where so large a proportion
of the employers use sane, practical,
constructive, co-operative methods In
dealing with their employees. Nowhere else are there so many school
teachers, college professors, editors,
and clergymen who believe ardently
in the cause of labor and work with
It. In no other country are there so
many progressive manufacturers,
merchants and farmers who refuse to
be owned In mind and soul by their
Nearly everybody in Australia
wishes to make as much progress as
Is humanly pouible. Nobody would
think of going back to the old days of
poverty, misery and "let tho devil
take the  hindmost."    AustraUa not
FRIDAY February 8, 19
only shows what labor can do for
itself, Australia is an example of what
labor can do for everybody when ignorance and greed, rutblessne&> and
brutality are at last put to rout by
organized intelligence and brotherhood.
During the post generation the
American labor movement has accomplished enough to give pleasure
and pride to all those who have had
a share in the great achievement.
Naturally we occasionally look back
with pity and compassion upon those
nations in which the labor movement.
has not made so good a start, And
when we look forward upon the "upward way that lies before us, we see,
shin.ns like a star in labor's firma-
i.er-t, our stalwart sister nation of
the .ycuthern Pacific.
Ready to Compromise
Employer (sternly)—There are two
quarters missing from my desk, and
only you and I have a key.    What
about lt?
Office  Boy—Well,  sir,  let's  pay a
quarter each and say nothing about
Provincial Party Convention
AT. THE   RECENT   convention   oftcrystalllzed  in the  following  resolu-
over 300 delegates from all  over *'"""
Automobiles are now being exported from Canada at the rate of 177
per working day.
Vou may wish to help The Federatlonist. Yon ean do so br renewing
your subscription promptly and sending in the subscription of your friend
or neighbor. '
Colonization and Development Department
■THE work of this department Is being rapidly extended throughout
J Western Canada to be of the best possible service to the public, and
through its special representatives In the East, In Oreat Britain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and other European countries, it will be able
to bring to Canada large numbers of immigrants, male and female,
who ln a short time should become permanent and desirable settlers.
The great obstacle ln the past has been the uncertainty of Immediate
employment for the new arrival and farmers can assist colonization
work by employing their help through this channel, and lf possible
BY THE YEAR, The work Is done without charge and no advances
are required for transportation or for any similar purpose. Ail information given is used for'the purpose of informing the settler requiring work only,
— AND  .
General Agricultural Agent,
R. C. W. LETT,
0 General Agent,
Colonization and Development Department
Canadian National Railways
Ask for
Pale Ale
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ii not pobtiihed of —Ha-U
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BHtfafc OohnnMo.
British Columbia, one of the largest
sections, most marked in enthusiasm,
and able ln debate, waB the group of
labor men present, not officially representing any labor organizations, but
individuals—members of the Provincial party. Early in the convention, those Interested ln a labor platform met separately, drew up a group
of resolutions, which along with those
from the other sub-divisions, were
submitted to the resolutions committee, before being turned over to the
whole assembly for action.
Amongst the measures in whlA
labor is particularly 'interested, to
which the convention pledged sup
port, were tKe following:
Resolution No, 21—8-hoiir Day
Resolved, that legal working day in
British Columbia for manufacturing
industries shall be eight hours. Any
thing over that shall be classed as
No. 32—Standard Rate of Wage
Be it-resolved, that we favor Insert'
tng the standard rate of wage in all
government   contracts   or   contracts
subsidiary thereto.
No. 88—Arbitration
Resolved, that the provincial party
approve the principle of settling labor
disputes by round table conferences
between representatives of workmen
and employers, rather than by other
methods, and agrees when in olllce to
use its best efforts to secure the general adoption of the arbitration principle.
No. 26—Old Age
Resolved, that existing provision for
the care of the aged poor within the
province is unsatisfactory, and that
the Provincial party hereby pledges
itself to Investigate the subject with a
view to the adoption of a more enlightened policy.
No. -ID—Mother**' Pensions
Resolved, that a woman be one of
the members on the Mothers' Pension
Very important resolutions bearing
on Health protection and Health insurance were also passed, and will be
given special consideration in next
The partial fllure of the efforts at
soldier settlement ln British Columbia
was strongly stressed. So many are
the angles, varying ln the different
areas, that the convention concluded
to put Itself on record, by recognizing the evil, its accentuation by government and departmenal incapacity,
and pledging best efforts towards remedy, after consultation with all those
affected directly.
Resolution No. 18 reads as follows:
Soldier Settlement
Resolved, that yhereas the soldier
settlements are becoming deserted by
reason of the Impossibility of making
living on the lands, owing to the
prohibitive price the soldier settlers
are called on to pay, increased beyond
all reason by the blundering and unbusinesslike methods of the government.
Be it resolved, that the Provincial
party pledge itself when returned to
power to meet the committees of the
soldier settlers, hear their representations and pass legislation to remove
the disabilities under which they suffer.
The present premier repudiated any
duty towards disabled veterans; the
Provincial party counted It a privilege
to pledge itself thus:
Na 39—Disabled Veterans
Be lt resolved, that thc Provincial
party, when returned to power, give
preference ln government employment, as far as consistent with efficiency, to maimed and disabled veterans.
Civil Service
In keeping with the resolve to abolish, ln so far as possible, all forms of
political patronage, the following
stand was taken with regard to the
civil service:
Resolution No. 37: Resolved that we
approve the principle of the permanent employment of capable officials,
irrespective of their political affiliations.
Resolution No. 38: Resolved, that
the Provincial party favor the reform
of the civil servico with a view to
recognizing the principle of promotion within the Bervice, and the elimination of patronage In appointments.
Oriental Quostion
AmongBt the big problems facing
British Columbia for solution is the
Oriental quostion. This has been a
knotty question. There seems to be
almost unanimous agreement on the
goal to be attained, but owing to
.various ramifications of this problem,
hedged about as it is by laws provincial and federal, laws and agreements,
Imperial and International, a great
deal of discussion and divergence of
opinion was elicited at the convention.
The net result of deliberations was
Resolution No. 27—Oriental  Menace
Whereas, British Columbia is the
principle sufferer among the Canadian
provinces from Oriental immigration,
And whereas, by influx and natural
Increase, the orientals have increased
in numbers disproportionate to those
of the white population;
And whereas, it ls desirable in the
interests of the continued friendly relations of this country with China and
Japan, and necessary for tho maintenance of western standards ot living
and forms of civilization, that prompt,
diplomatic and effective steps be
taken to relieve that situation.
And whereas, federal action has
been dilatory and the attempted remedies ineffective.
Therefore, be it resolved, that the
convention urge upon the federal authorities remedial action upon the following lines:
1. That gentlemen's or other agreements with oriental nations be abrogated, and that thiB country resume
its sovereign right to itself determine
the number, character and occupation
of its immigrants;
2. That negotiation-- with the government of Japan be opened with a
view to arranging that Canada permit
annual Japenese immigration not in
excess of the number of its Canadian
citizens who yearly emigrate to Japan;
3. That the Canadian government
withhold naturalization and political
privileges from the subjects of those
nations which retain the right of expatriation fbr their emigrated subjects of thoso' nations which retain the
right right of expatratlon for their
emigrated subjects and their children,
4. That the Chinese exclusion law
be more strictly Interpreted, particularly to prevent the abuse of the merchant clause, whereby the advantages
of that provision be limited to bona
flde merchants engaged in the import
or export trade.
No. 28—Chinese Merchants
Resolved, that the intrusion of Chinese merchants into the . mercantile
business of the province ls a menace
to the community, and that all possible steps should be taken by the provincial government ln so far as their
jurisdiction extends, to put an end to
this, and that the strongest possible
representations should be made to the
Dominion government to take such
steps as may be necessary on their
part to attain the above mentioned
No. 29—Oriental Land Tenure
Whereas, the orientals practically
control the truck farming Industry of
B. C, Including such crops as pota
toes, tomatoes, onions and celery, and
are menacing the fruit farming and
green house
Therefore, be tt resolved, that the
Provincial party ls opposed to, and
will do all In Its power, to prevent
orientals from further owning and
leasing land and that it will do Its
utmost to persuade the federal gov
ernment to pass any necessary legislation to this effect.
"I" MEN and
Maid of tlio Mountains Here
That tuneful, merry musical comedy, "Thc Maid of the Mountains.'
comes to the Orpheum theatre next
Monday and Tuesday, for three performances, No other musical comedy
has visited Vancouver over which so
many favorable opinions been expressed. The unexcelled cast and chorus
In this present production, which un
der the watchful eye of Mr. Stanley
T. Vermllyea, the well-known composer and producer, has more than
made good, Never haa such enthusiasm been nhown for any musical offering as has been ahown by local
theatre-goers for thts present offering. There Is every reason for tthts,
as the production ls an entirely new
one, and the costumes and lighting
effects and scenery are all new and
sparkling. The story of "Teresa," the
"Maid of the Mountains," In love with
Baldawrre," (the brigand chief), is
one of the most romantic plots ever
staged aa the backbone of a muBlcal
comedy offering. No one should miss
this last opportunity of seeing this
colorful presentation of what is commonly known as "the world's greatest
musical comedy."
Making Her Happy
Frenchman — Ah,   madamc,   your
singing was tee most wonderful thingi
Hostess (modestly)—No. no, count;
the credit ahould go to my accompanist.
Frenchman—Quite so, madamc, but
zee Frenchman Is always zee gentleman.
A Union Is What Yon Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out;of the sky, and that lt Is
made to order, This Is a fallacy
which only aotlve participation ln
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
[By S. Y., New York Justice]
6(OE IS "a strong man who can
Btand alone." Thus Henrlk Ibsen through the mouth of Doctor
Stockman tn his celebrated dr|ma,
"Enemy of the People."
Ibsen was a great artist and a profound thjnker. But man, no matter
how f reat, is liable to err, and in this
matter Ibsen has erred.
In this world thore ls no human
being strong enough to stand alone.
From his first to his last breath, ln
order to live and make headway, man
must fall upon the aid of his fellow
human beings. The truth, therefore,
lie's in the direction entirely opposite
from where Ibsen placed it. The
strongest man is not he who stands
alone, not he who would separate
himself from his fellow men, not the
"I" man, the individualist, but he who
unites with his fellow-men and helps
them to struggle along as they help
him. The strongest ls not the "I"
man, but the "We" man.
To remain obdurately alone and
apart from others Is tantamount to
death. The human, kind would have
disappeared long ago were man not a
social animal, were it not for the
great urge of man to combine with
others of his kind. The rising of the
human species from a lower to an
ever higher status has always proceeded along this path of union of
effort, of joint action against obstacle
and Inimical interference. The history of mankind teaches invariably
the one lesson that progress Is mark
ed and strong where men learn to
work together and drops to the zero
index where men instead of working
by common effort, work at cross purpose nnd fight each other.
In the last war, when each man and
each nation acted like "I" men, human
progress came practically to a standstill. Art, letters and science became
stagnant. Not a single great art product, not a notable constructive invention could be traced to that period.
The war turned into diidt what has
taken mankind generations of peace,
to accomplish. Human progress not
only stopped, but was thrown back
many years from the line where it
stood before the slaughter began.
Wars, no matter under what slogan, have alwaya hindered human
development. Only when men live ln
peace, striving, working and acting
together, can they make headway In
every field of human endeavor.
And amongst all the olasses of our
society, the working class Is the weakest, for tt Is the least organized.
Consider only that of about thirty
million of wage-earners on this con
tlnent, only about Ave million are
united, while the rest have hardly a
notion of the vital Importance of
thinking, feeling and acting ln a col
lot-live sense, And even the few mil
lions that are organized are united
largely on the surface, skin-deep, as
It were, Watch them, how bitterly
they oppose each other as Jew and
Gentile, as members of different races,
as adherents of different political beliefs! The'democrat despises the republican, the socialist scorns the anarchist, the "left" lo.aths the "right,*
and the "rlghfexcorlcates the "left."
There are workers who believe they
are the chosen among their claas, because of a notion that their particular
craft ls finer, "higher" than the work
of others. They actually look down
upon their fellow workers, In return
for which they naturally receive the
scorn and contempt of the workers of
the "lower" crafts. Upon such a thin
thread does their sense of solidarity
' flMlONM
Agent for all Steamship
Companies *
Drop Ii ut hi Ii TiUt It Om.
EOBI. BAT, A|ont
VHuner, B, 0,
Mlmd In two •___»_>. wttk
Patronise Federatloniat adv.rtis.rs \g„. ,Bd mli bon,|„, ,*_,_,_ _n ,,1.1,1,
and tell them why you lo so. | nllml villi JO-TO.   btat statu.
hang, likely to be blown to shreds at
the first inclepient wind!
Small wonder that labor Is still so
weak, so helpless. Small wonder that
labor, entlted to the highest rung on
the social scale ls Btlll at the Very
bottom. Small wonder that the creators of all wealth must still remain
content with the crumbs that fall
from tho tables of the Idle.
You see, they, the Idle, and the
mighty, are united. They do not light
windmills, nor do they lack the
spirit of get-together and of mutual
help. In lighting the workers, they
cease to be "I" men. They cast personal preferment and caprice aside to
down their common enemy. Therein
lies the secret of their Buccess, though
numerically, as compared with the
workers, they are like a Hy to an elephant.
Yet, things are Improving, A portion of the workers is learning the
secret of power. They have wrested
from life already a great deal more
than their progenitors ever dared to
dream of. But they are still leagues
away from where they Bhould be—all
because the majority of them still belong to the "I" man type, petty egotists, with petty, cramped vision.
The United States produces neat
one-third of all the matches used
the world.
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Office Pbone, Seymour 7992     Night, Pair. 898X or 1845L
Mention Federatlonist


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