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British Columbia Federationist Mar 6, 1925

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Array BRITISHXOLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
SEVENTEENTH YEAR. No. 10       FOUR PAGES
OFFICIAL ORGAJ
r ijbfc FEDERATED LAB OR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WOBKEBS        '
.4 POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
Higher Grades Introduce System;
Spread of Scientific Knowledge
of Child-Bearing.
THE FALLING BIBTH BATE
Dr. J. J. Heagerty's Views in His
Article in "Sooial Welfare"
Taken to Task.
[By Mrs. C. Lorimer]
(Concluded From Last Week)
ry-lW- old fable of tho origin of life
* doos not bear intelligent exam
inaliun. If the masses oqutre the
knowledge of birth-control, it will
only be the beginning of an education
of enlightenmont us to the origin of
themselvea. They will learn of their
organism through evolution; of biology; of sex hygiene; of all that they
ought to know, so as to become perfect humans. This instruction has
been purposely kept from them, because with it they could not be enslaved. It was Bishop Gdre who said,
while addressing an audience of
working men, "get knowledgo fo
yourselves, because knowledge always
wins out against ignorance." As yet
knowledge is In tlie hands of prlvilge.
If you leave it there you cannot hope
to improve your position.
This present world has been built
upon a foundation of curses and
threats. The story goes: that our
flrst mother, when she set up housekeeping decided that what was needed
for the welfare of herself and mate
was knowledge. But, oh, .dear, what
a storm alio culled down upon herself.
"Knowledge to the woman!" No, no
Would sho dare to become as wise
us man. J. mean the gods. Then there
was a great turmoil; the woman was
dangerous. She intended to get some
thing at tlie very offset with wliich
to build a decent world. But that did
not fit in with the divine plan of
making this world an Inferno.
Principal John McKay, during the
world slaughter: "God must have a
great purpose ln view to allow such
a condition to obtain."
Then wo aro told that the Creator
suid to the man: "Thou shalt earn
thy bread by tlio sweat of they brow;
this is thy mate, and thou shalt
reign over 'her," and to the woman,
"In sorrow shalt thou bring forth
childron," (a slave's creed). No won
der the world is ln tlie condition it
ia whon tho source of lite la poisoned
at the roots. Thnt is all with which
tho mass of man-kind has had to
guide thom. When they mate and set
out on lifo's journey, because of their
misery, again the cry for knowledge
comes ringing round the world. Again
the gods answer (I mean man): " In
sorrow shalt thou bring forth children." That Is what Br. Heagerty
says. I will Inform him that thero
are no large families, hard woi'k,
sacrifice, or small families, under existing conditions without most horrible suffering to millions of women.
Preaching abstinence to people who
have only a crude knowledge of their
own organism Is evading' the question.
Another statement, according to the
chiof Rabble, that the prevention of
conception may, in exceptional circumstances, be permitted through
moral self control.
Moral self-control will not flnd a
place so long as we have an immoral
condition which allows a body of men
to dictate to the mothers of the raco
when and why they shall regulate
their marital relations.
Statement—When thero ls a real
danger of transmission of anything of
a gravo nature there should be no
offspring. Syphilis is the only congenital disense, nnd marriage ought
to be delayed, and proper care and
treatment given—not birth control.
Treatment, not prevention, Is the
doctor's strong point. Is It not time
humanity wero being taught how to
cleanse themselves of theso vile diseases, to attack the cause, and not
always koep dealing with effects?
Does tho doctor evor pause to think
what the world war accomplished?
Well, just this, a horror of giving
birth to childron has taken root in
thc hearts and minds of millions of
womon. Because wo object to children and eh lid boa ring,? Oh, no; but
becnuse tho man-made world that we
bring our children into is far from
our liking.
To the rulors and captains of Industry, war-lords, exploiters, and educators (or rather mis-educators), human life is the cheapest thing on
earth. I read in the daily press about
a bear that was presented to the public park. She refuses to rear young
in captivity; she destroys her young
whenever thoy are born, instinct tells
hor It Is no place for her children.
Instinct is beginning to speak In the
minds of tho women of the race; even
the female of tho jungle has the say
as to whether she shall breed or not.
But man-made creeds and man-made
laws has made women lower than thc
animals; therefore, woman must bo-
come mistress of herself, and her first
duly shall be to herself. Only then
will she bring forth perfect human
beings. Teaching sacrlfico to the
mothers of mankind Is only exploiting the maternal instinct. Sacrifice
for tho mass of mothers has meant
going without proper fond and clothing, denying themselves plensuro, re-
(Contlnued on page 4)
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING. MARCH 6, 1925
5c A COPY
THE FMMER
fITHOUT a mutual understanding of eaeh other's difficulties, there will always remain an unfortunate difference in outlook between the farmer and the industrial
worker. This difference is boing actively encouraged
through the medium of our daily capitalistic press, and,
unfortunately, is not being con-batted, as it ought to be,
by our labor press.
The Foderationist realizes that many of thc farmers
are carrying an almost unbearable burden. They arc but
the servants of big business and high finance. They, liko
the workers in our industries, are being robbed unmercifully, under our present system of capitalistic exploitation.
The farmers have no medium through yvhich to express
their more radical views. We invite them to use our
columns.
Millions of Copies of U. S. Pub
lieations Flood This
Country.
NOTORIOUSLY NON-UNION
Hearst's Seattle Post-Intelligencer
Cuts Wages and Hours-
Circulates in B. 0.
[By George Bartley.]
AT PRESENT there la tt lot o£ crlt
•^■clsm and quite a stir ovor the
flood of American publications pour*
ing into Canada, resulting in a real
menace to the publishing Industry of
this country. A casual glance at any
news-stand throughout this nation
will convince the most sincere doubter that American periodicals have
swamped all others in our reading
market. These publications carry an
onormous body of advertising, and it
is, naturally, advertisng of Amercan
products. In ono yoar, twenty-four
million American magazines find
their way into Canadian homes, with
the inevitable result that the readers
have drilled Into them evory week
tho superlative qualities of this or
that product over all $ther similar
products in the world.
As bad as things aro, still tho prob
lem goes deoper. The overwhelming
ascendency of the American periodicals throughout the dominion of
Canada ls exercising a subtle but
potent influence upon Canadian
thought, habits and opinions. This is
a serious state of affairs from the
view points both of citizens and publishers, and hits those In the business
even in this city pretty hard. The
newspapers in this province are all
union offices, pay the regular scale
of wages and observe tho working
rules to the letter. Thus thoy can* ill
afford to compete with multi-millionaire American scab concerns, such as
the Seattle Post-Intelllgencor. This
paper is one of the foremost In the
string of Hearst's daily newspapers
which extend from the Atlantic to the
Pacific coasts in the United States.
To add insult to Injury, this concern is pushing Its circulation in this
province. A few Inside facts about
this non-union institution should be
ln order at this juncture:
The printing crafts formerly employed In the Post-Intelligencer of
Seattle have been on strike since May.
30, last year. Recently the offer
made to the striking mailers, printers
and stereotypers by the San Francisco agents of tho Hearst organization wns rejected by tho striking employees. The offer coming from Sah
Francisco proposed a half-hour Increase ln tho daily work shift; a
twenty-flve cent reduction in wages.
(Continued on  pago 4)
Labor Movement Needs Support
of Our Ranchers to Achieve
UNIONISTS AND FARMERS
VALUE OF FJW L
Oovernment Statistics for Canada
—B, 0. Fruit Lands $340—
Ordinary $06.
[Hy Authority ot Minister ot Trade
and  Commerce]
The average value of tho occupied
farm lands of Canada, which include
both improved and unimproved land,
as well as dwelling houses, barns,
stables, and other farm buildings, Is
returned ut $37 per acre, as compared
with the same average last year, and
with  $40  In  1922 and  1021.
By provinces the highest, average
value Ih in British Columbia Kvlth
$flfl per acre for ordinary farm land,
as compared with $100 in 1923, The
averages for the other provinces are
In order as follows, with laBt year's
figures given within brackets; Ontario $65 ($04); Quebec $53 ($56);
Prince Edward Island $40 (61); Nova
Scotia $33 ($31); Manitoba $28,
($28); New Brunswlclt $27 ($32);
Alberta $25 ($24); Saskatchewan $24
.($24).
'Tho average values in 1024 of or-
cluird and fruit lands, Including
buildings, etc., in the fruit-growing
districts, nre estimated as follows:
Nova Scotia $120 ($122); Ontario
$122 (127); British Columbia $340
($320),
Real Work Is Necessary — Mere
Noise and Smoke Doesn't
Amount to Much.
[By J. C. Harris]
ANY   bullet may,  of course,  kill
"^man, and many bullets that have
been fired with the most Innocent im
tentions have resulted  in disastrous
accidents,    lt  is,   nevertheless,  true,
that in warfare, It Is only the well-
aimed shots that bring results,
i Now, it is the same in propaganda
work.    Mere  noise  and.smoke  will
not amount to muoh.   We may have
the sensation of a terrific battle raging about us, but we may make no
progress ln spite of our, fury.
We have ln The vMteraionalist
some first class ammunition, and it
ls the official organ of our party. Let
us see how we ean aim our own particular copy to do the most good and
bring results in votes, and more important still, tho broadcasting of progressive ideas.
Supposing that each one of us as
we read our copy, had a blue pencil
in hand and that wo marked any
part that we either liked or disagreed
with particularly, and thut we carefully selected some friend to send
tho paper to. That marked copy
would be worth at least five unmarked copies. Wo should have
taken aim instead of firing a random
shot, perhaps a word or two of approval or disapproval would still further Improve the aim, for whoever
caught sight of it would be likely to
see If your comments were justified.
Famcrs nnd Lnbor Movement,
Those of us who havo friends
amongst tho farmers will do well to
send copies to them, for the labor
movement is very little understood
amongst farmers for several reasons:
First. The farmer knows that he
is probably the hardest worked and
worst paid of all the people.
Second. Tbe labor movement looks
to him like a scheme whereby the
comparatively well-to-do artisans are
uniting in trades unions to get more
than their share of the good things of
life, such as higher wages and shorter
hours, and he strongly suspects that
his own share will be all the smaller
if they get their way.
Third, The farmer classes the
trades unionists wilh tho Manufacturers Protective association, ai
greedy hogs, trying through legist
tive action to fence themselves about
in a good pasture and to fence the
farmers out.
Now, all this Is a very natural
point of view for the farmer to tnko,
Trades union action bus hitherto had
exactly that effect.
('oni|H'( ii idii Dlsttstrous.
I am nut blaming tlie trades unions, nor am i blaming tbe manufacturers, competition is so disastrous
and so cruel that no one can be
blamed for trying to escape Us effects; but tho point is, that the farmers generally have been exposed to
the worst fury of tho storm, and tbey
resent the attitude of those who seem
to be taking shelter at their expense,
Shew the farmer that you aro out
for justice. Shew him that ho is not
being loft out in tho cold whilst the
rest aro crowding to the stove. Shew
hfm that you understand his problems and are In utter sympathy with
his desire for a decent life and security for his old ago, and you will
get the farmers. Without the fnrmers your wisest scheming and planning will  come  to  nought
To Abolish Property Qualifications—Workers Deported to
United States.
ORGANIZATION CAMPAIGN
s. r, of c. Dwibo
The Socialist Party of Cannda
(Vancouver branch) in observance of
tho anniversary of tho Paris Commune of March 18th, will hold a
dance in Belvedere Court, corner of
Main street and Broadway, on Thursday ovening, March 10th.   Ladiea 50
mis; gents 75 cents.    All invited,
Your friends might bo glad to subscribe for Tho Fed era I ton ist If you
askod them.   Try.
To Appoint Inspectors—Health
Insurance—Cigarmakers
and Prohibition.
DKESIDENT R. H. NEELANDS, M.
L. A., occupied the chair at Tuesday night's meeting of the Trades
and Labor Council, there being a
good attendance of delegates.
Letters were read from the Central
Labor councils of Everett, Wash., and
Portland, ' Ore., . advising Canadian
workmen to remain away from these
places owing to increasing unemployment.
A resolution was passed endorsing
tho Brantford T. and L. councU in
urging development of Canadian
natural resources under public ownership as a solution of unemployment.
The parliamentary committee reported that its members had recently
met with the doctors and discussed
with them the clauses of a proposed
health Insurance bill which has been
drawn up.
It was stated that four years ago
there were moro than 300 cigarmakers employed in Greaater Vancouver-
At present only 18 are employed
—this owing tu the Prohibition act.
A committee was appointed to meet
tho Parks Board and urge them to
favor Vancouvermado cigars at the
pavilions In the park.
It was reported that a Seattle firm
which received a contract to build
new stockyards at New Westminster
had imported workmen from across
the border. Most of the men had
been sent back by the immigration
authorities.
Mayor L, D. Taylor wrote that the
appointment of an Inspector for Vancouver under Shops Regulations act,
will bo discussed by the police commissioners.
Tlie appointment of an Inspector of
food handlers in the city will be con
sidered by the city councU.
A committee was appointed to
meet tho city council and advocate
amendments to the city charter abolishing property qualifications for
mayor, aldermen and other public
elective offices; ulso that ull who pay
tlio poll tax be placed on the voters'
lists.
A delegate reported that drivers of
milk delivery wagons going from the
city to North Vancouver are held up
sometimes for four hours before they
can get across on the ferry. The matter will be taken up with North Vancouver  city council.
A delegate stuted that only one
firm in the city is holding out against
tho demand of the Painters' and
Decorators' union for Increased wagos
and prospects are that un agreement
will be reached within a few days.
It was stated that tbe organiztn;
committee will hold a, meeting every
night during this month. It is hoped
a leant 12 new unions will be organized.
Arthur McDonald Was appointed
representative of the council on the
Technical Advisory board; also Wm,
Dunn was appointed to act with the
Town Planning commission.
Representatives L a t o n 1 u s and
Brady of the Seattle Typographical
union explained the situation of thc
printers' strike on the Fost-lntelll-
gencer, being on since May 30 last.
NEW PAMPHLETS
lllANY requests have been made to this paper to have
"*■ the articles on the farming situation, by Qeorge Sterling, printed in pamphlet form. Ordors have even come in,
in anticipation. We anticipate complying with the request,
and we would appreciate othors sending in their orders in
advance so that we might the better estimate the number
required to be printed.
A new pamphlet will be off thc press shortly. It is
entitled, "Woman and the Game of War," by Mrs. Bose
Henderson. No woman can afford to not read it. It is
startling and frank, and contains a wealth of information
for every earnest student of war and its causes.
There are still some pamphlets left on "Russia Today"
and "Some Startling Disclosures on Child Immigration."
Prices 10 cents and 5 cents, respectively. Send in your
orders today.
Tendenoy Now Towards Co-Operative Union Between Fanning
and Industrial Interests.
HOPEFUL SION OF TIMES
THE WA6ES OF FARM HELP
Government Figures for Canada;
Men in B. C. Earn $75 and
Women $50.
lliy Authority of Ministor ot Trade
and Commorco]
Only slight changoSj either In tho
direction of increase or decrease, are
Indicated In the average wnges paid
to farm helpers during ibo year 1024.
For the whole of Canada, the average wages per month of farm helpers during tin1 summer season of 102-1
Including board, were for men $02,
us compared with $iil ln 1023 and for
men $42, as against $30, Tlio average value of tlio board per month
is placed for men at $22 ($21 In 1923)
and for women at $10 ($17 In 11)23.)
By the yenr, the averago value for
males, Including board, was $030. ns
compared with $011 and for females
$401, ns compared with $422. The
value of the yearly board Is given as
$250 for men ($230 in 1023) and $217
for women ($101 in 1023).
By provinces, tbe average monthly
wages for men and women respectively in the summer season. Including board, woro In 1924 ns follows,
the avernges for 1023 being given
within brackets: frlnee Edward
Island $43, $28 ($43, $28); Xnvn
Scotia $66, $30 ($00, $32); New
Hritnswlek $63, $31 ($00, $32): Quo-
bee $60, $31 ($60, $32); Ontario $07,
JOS ($00, $30): Manitoba $50, $40
($02, $42); Hasltntchewan $00. $44
($05, $11); Alberta $00, $40 ($70,
$48); Hritish Columbia $70, $50 ($70.
$03).
Militarists  Spare Neither Time
Nor Money to Turn Out
Young "Patriots"
ANTI-MILITARISTS   TODAY
Tillers  of  Soil  Have  Suffered
Great Hardship—Should Benefit by Co-Operation.
[By Prances Wills.]
PHE tendency towards union be-
tween farming' and Industrial interests is a hopeful sign of the times.
Hitherto tho farmer has seemed to
live unto himself, not realising that
politics is a real issue, and those engaged In industry have been inclined
to overlook the importance of the
farmers' contribution to our existence.
There has been a great deal of criticism levelled at the feed-producers
because of their reluctance to form a
wheat pool, but in a way, this unwillingness ls far more excusable
than that of the city-dwellers to believe In co-operative buying. For the
latter has proved its worth In more
than ono European country, while the
value of co-operative selling has _
shorter history, though it goes with
out saying that Denmark is a shining
example of its efficacy.
Wheat pool meetings still proceed
with their propaganda, and every effort Is being made in many parts of
the country to overcome opposition.
Individualism is hard to eradicate,
and to some extent ono can heartily
sympathise with the tillers of the
soil who have suffered great hardships to gain what little they possess.
(That Is, if the banlcs do not possess
It.) And there is still suspicion in
the minds of many farmers of anything whicb bears the impress of
"radicalism," for c en radical politics
have made some Inexplicable moves
In the past.
And then the peoplo have never
been educated along co-operative
lines. Unconsciously we nil benefit by
co-operation, for, without it, many
phases of our modern life would be
impossible, but consciously we, more
or loss, all bolieve lu the law of
"grab." And the children are taught
to believe In competition rather than
co-operation. Even in the primary,
natural helpfulness is termed "cheating."
Co-operation Is gradually becoming
tho rule of life foir all^—save the
working classes, As such ovon the
various sects of Christianity are at
last realising that unity Is strength,
and big business has boon putting
the principle, of co-operation Into
practice for a generation aud more—
hi tho interests of profit. The workers must learn to put in into operation ror a slightly different reason,
to decrease the margin of profit between the producer and tho ultimate
consumer, nnd to wood out the vast
parasitic growth of unprofitable
middlemen.
Co-operation, practical co-operation,
Is our only salvation whether wo belong to the army of producers or industrialists or distributors; whether
onr activities are political or non-
pollticftl, There has been too much
class distinction even among the working classes; too much of the craft
union cult, and too much political
hairsplitting. For while we have bused ourselves with squabbles with In
nir own rnnks and pen and Ink differences; while we have been deciding on the nature of tho mlllonium
and on .lust how It Is to como (and no
llotlbt, the processes nnd thc finished
article, will he different from our
expectations, eould we bul see them),
tho   exploitation   of   the   masses   pro-
icds,    li  Is as though  the
were  cureless  of tlio  misery
mi d si.
worki
In tlu
Mill and Factory Workora
Plans for the formation of a union
for mill nnd factory wnrkers In this
provinco were discussed at a meeting
held In tho Trades and Labor council
hall Inst week. It wns decidod to
form n union, and flfty-slX signed a
petition for a charter from tho International Brothorhood nf Carpentera,
which hns Jurisdiction over this industry.
Doing Unique Work in Practical
Teaching of Peace Ideals
to Juveniles
[By Mrs. Hose Henderson]
^TEACHING children In the art of
war has become a science. Militarists have spared neither Ume nor
money turning out young "parlots"
and "good shots". The militarist and
his gospel received divine sanction.
Tho anti-militarist was a strange and
a rare breed and looked upon from
the practical point of view as "Impractical" "sentimental" or soft-wit-
ted.
Today tho anti-militarists are counted by the millions, and are doing a
unique work in the practical teaching of peaco ideals to the young.
I have .before me "The Common
weal" of Australia, January 1922, and
"The New Generation" of Berlin, No
vember and December, 1922. Both
issues speak of anti-militarist arithmetic problems In order to demobi-
Ise the minds of tho young. I will
quoto some examples, changed or
completed in some instances.
Problem 1. The transport of the
troops during tho Great War cost
20,000,000 francs daily. How .many
poor poople could livo on the same
sum if ono reckons 20 francs daily for
one person?
Problem 2. In 1914-1919 the keeping of the army horses cost 10 millions of francs daily. To how much
amounts this In a year? How many
young students could study at the
university for the same sum if one
reckons 8,000 francs yearly cost for
onc student?
Problem 3. Each cannon shot of
a modern gun costs 12,000 francs. To
how much does it amount If such a
gun Is shooting ten times daily during
ono week? How many stoves could
be constructed for the same money
if ono stove costs 200  francs.
Problem 4. A tin bread box cobIs
12 francs. Tho cannon "Vermont"
cost 80,000,000 francs. How mnny
bread boxes might have been manufactured instead of this death, engine?
Problem 5. The yearly expenditures of the American Government excepting the cosls of the postal service,
amount to 8,000,000,000 francs, the
militnry pensions tn 1.000,000,000
francs. Tn which percentage of the
total expenditures to Ihe military pi
sions nmount?
Problem 6.   Tho  total  amount  of
tho expenditures of nil the tuitions for
(Continued on p!l>ro 3)
IS.
Member for Centre Winnipeg Delivers Important Speech in
Parliament.
OOVERNMENT OF INTEEESTS
JUNIOR LABOR LEAGUE
Social and Dance Saturday Evening—Educational Meeting
Next Friday
The Junior Lalior League  Is a ar-
anglng a gond  program  fnr tlie so-
ial   and   danee   at   the   Elk's   hall   on
Saturday ovening.    This social will be
similar linos to those held b.v the
U p. nt South Vancouver, itefresh-
nients will be provided. A collection
will bo taken at tho door to defray
penses. Tho usual orchestra will
be jn attendance.    Kvorhody welcome,
Another oducational mooting will
hold  on   Friday.  March   13th,  at
.2 Chester streot, South Vancouver,
of
Visitors Prom Seattle.
).    Uitonlufl    and    'Tut"    B
ittlo   typos,   former   resident
tlCOUVOr,   were   here   this   week   on
niness in conneotlon with ibe union
and Incidentally nut some nf their
old-timo friends. They say that organized labor nn the Sound Is in good'
shnpc ond prospects fair. Thoy re-
urnod   to  Seattle  yesterday.
The Fedorationist behoves In a
'cult 11 rn| revolution." not a "blondy
•evolution."
Decidedly Not One Representative of the Great Masses of
the People.
(From Hansard of February 10)
(Continued from last week.)
A ' present, then, according to one
of the outstanding authorities iff
banking circles, we already have
more abundant flnanclal capital to
carry on the affairs of this country,
and that without resorting to any of
the changes which have been advocated by my colleague and othor
members of this House. I am speaking of tho economic system as it now
stands. We already have our natural
resources, our labor, our equipment*
our financial capital; what more do
we ne d? I think that the real difficulty was indicated many years ago
by the United States Commission on
Industrial Relations, trom which I
should like to quote a few sentencei:
A careful analysis of all available
statistics shows that in our great
basic industries the workers are unemployed for an average of at least
one-fifth of the year, and that at all
times during any normal year there
is an army of men who can be numbered only by hundreds of thousands
who are unable to find work. . . .
fundamentally this unemployment
seems to rise from two great causes,
though many others are contributory. First, the inequality of the
distribution of income, which leaves
the great masses of the population,
the ultimate consumers, unable to
purchase the products of industry
which they create, while a few have
such a superfluity that it cannot be
normally consumed, but must be invested In new machinery for production, or in further monopolization
of land and natural resources, . , ,
The result is that we have an
equipment in plant and developed
property far ln excess of the demands
of any normal year, the excess being
in atl probability at least 25 per cent.
Each of these plants keeps around it
a labor force which on an average
can get work for only four-fifths of
the year, while at tho same time the
people have never had enough of the
products of thoso very industries—
have never beon adequately fed,
clothed, housed or warmed—for the
very simple reason that they have
nover been paid enough to .permit
their purchase.
I think surely this Is all that needs
to be suid to Indicate thu way out.
The speech goes on to speak of the
existing burden, of taxation as being
duo mainly to uncontrollable expenditure in the nature of payments and
obligations arising out of the war,
and to the encumbered position of
the national railways. The burden
of taxation no one will deny. Will
you permit me, Mr. Speaker, to quoto
a few figures, because In this connection we should think not merely of
the taxation under the Dominion government, but of the other taxes whicb
Canadians must bear. The gross debt
of the Dominion is $2,040,099,088.35.
The securities guaranteed by the Dominion amount to $"i00,510,932.65.
The funded and floating debt of tho
provinces amounts to $(107,785,627.
The funded and floating debt of the
municipalities amounts to $706,644,-
1)67. That gives a grand lota] of
$4,936,040,134.80; that is, $548 per
capita on a bnsis of 9,000,000 of population, or an average capital debt of
$2710 fnr a family of five. That Is
tho burden of debt wliich we carry
at the present Ume. Put should the
expenditures involved lu- regarded as
uncontrollable? A great many peoplo of this country nm beginning to
ask questions along these lines: Why
should bondholders be tempted from
iho ordinary vicissitudes of lifo? Why
should tbe value of bonds be nearly
doubled slnoe their issue and their
enhanced value held sacred? Why
should ihe Canadian Pacific Railway
ho permitted to take 10 per cent, as
a first chargo on Industry? Why
should the hanks, after tho most lavish ovorbend expenses, he permitted
to declare 12 por <enl. and a bonus?
I submit. .Mr. Speaker, tbnt suoner or
later the war debt itsolf must be
tackled. We cannot fnrcvor allow
tho people of Canada to be saddled
with this onormous debt,
According lo the Hankers' Trust
Company, the net result of tbo wnr,
so far as it concerns most of the
poople nf tliis country, has been lhe
transference of weallh from ono
group of people tn another group.
In speaking ot this redistribution of
wenlth caused by the war, the Hankers' Trust Company, in n Uttlo book,
tho Inter-Ally Debts, says:
The aetual wealth of tbe country
in real estate and other tangible assets has not changed materially, but
the mortgage on that wealth, If we
may use auch an expression, held by
tbo owners nf the government's dobt,
bus materially changed,
According to tho figures of this
authority, the pre-war wealth per
capita was $1831.25. On the supposition that wo have now 9,000,000
people, the post-war debt Is $1066.07,
almost ns grout. Tho pre-war Income
was per enpita $250; the post-war
Incomo Is per capita $266.07. That
is, wo aro on tho average botter off
sinco tho war than wo were beforo
(Continued on pnge 4) PAGE TWO
SEVENTEENTH TEAR.    No.  10.    BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUYMt, — C.
FRIDAT Maroh «, l»2i
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FRIDAY March 6, 1925
A CHRISTIAN PREACHER!
rwill be recalled that while Prof.
Scott Nearing waa in Vancouver
the Sunday before last, he addressed
what haa been termed the "open forum" at the First Congregational
church. He spoke to an audience
there by far the largest in the history
of the "Forum". He was given a
wonderful hearing and, if one might
judge from the applause, his remarks
were very favorably, received.
Dr. Sllcox Is at present pastor
of this church. He sat through the
whole of the discourse. He even took
notes. When an opportunity was presented to members of the audience,
to come forward and speak,
this reverend Christian gentleman sat
silently In his pew. (He had no need
to worry about the speaker having
to gaze into empty seats upon thiB
occasion, since the church was crowded.)
In spite of his refusing to get up,
like a real Christian soldier, and defend, what he took to be an attack upon the church, while the
speaker was still there, he waited until he <Nearlng) had left the rostrum,
and then, from what too often turns
out to be a coward's castle, he made
remarks, that, ln our opinion, were
certainly derogatory to Prof. Nearing. Such tactics ill becomo a follower of tho honorable, though lowly,
Nazarene. It Is poor sportsmanship.
It is unchristian. In fact, in our opinion, it la despicable.
Dr. Sllcox, in his church advertisements, asserts thut he does not Uke
speaking to empty seats, So long us
he follows such contemptible tactics,
we do not wonder nt his having many
empty seats. He is out of touch of
ihe real needs of the masses uf the
popple today. They aro facing the
Htorn realities of life, while he slumbers In peace and ignorance.
Everywhere Prof. Nearing gocH,
crowds greet him. He has a real christian message. Ho faces the problems
of life na they are, not as we fancy
they ought to be. No man on the
American continent hns mnde greater
sacrifices for his principles than has
Scott Nearing, and It Ul becomes a
minister of tho gospel of Christ to
ntluck him, ns Dr. Sllcox most certainly did, In our estimntlon. Too oft,
we fear, if wo want to find a real
christian we nre forced to look elsc-
whero thnn in the church. Every
man and womnn has a right to hfs or
her opinion, but suroly, they can be
honorable In their methods of expression. Our columns nre open to
Dr. Sllcox—if ho hns cournge enough
to reply to this editorial.
ings, we feel that, in this instance,
owing to tho attitude of our dally
press towards all things Russian, we
are safe ln assuring our readers that
soviet Russia Is far from being the
dismal failure they -would like to
make  believe that she is.
We note with interest how their
reports coincides with Mrs. Rose Henderson's personal report to us, on the
various aspects of the soviet regime.
It must be becoming quite obvious to
the more or less careless and indiffer
ent reader, that Russia is gaining
ground daily and that, it may yet be,
that the masses may look to her for
their emancipation from capitalism,
THE ECONOMIO SITUATION
FE. BURKE In his article on "The
• Economic Situation in B. C,
(Povince, March 1st) has much to say
to the point; but when ho tells us
that we must expect taxation to In
crease rather than decrease "unless
there is a check In the socialistic and
progressive legislation, that haB been
spreading through Canada during the
last few years." Futher, stating that
is is resulting in a rapidly increasing
proportion of the population who he-
lieve that they should be taken care
of wholly or partly by the state. As
stated, we know, and he knows, that
ls not socialism; but the connection is
good enough to use to endeavor to
stop the forward movement which is
attacking gigantic trusts, monoplies,
food pools and such. like.
He further tells us that out of every
dollar's worth of foods produced in
Canada, our various taxing authorities take 25 cents (we believe the
amount Is more than this, from figures reaching us from the Toronto
Research Institute) and he knows
that it is the worker, the producer,
who has to pay and bear this, aB well
as the profits and dividends to the
capitalists who control the productions and the markets.
Similar articles we see frequently
all very eloquent, particularly as to
the hardships of the manufacturers,
the big trusts, the controllers of industry, the question always from the
viewpoint of profits and dividends;
the worker, the real and only consideration worth a tuppenny hang, ls
not considered at all.
The whole question must be weighed with the worker as the big predominant figure. He cannot, and will
not, be warned off by such suggestions
as appear in the portion of the article
referred to."
Ho ia coming forward to control
and directs, Nationally and Inter-nationally, and questions which are daily
getting more acute will, in the early
future, be handled by socialists on
bases that will abolish poverty, lead
to a steady uniformity of work, increase the nations' production of
wealth; would practically eliminate
war, raise the moral standard of the
whole of our lives, because the people
would, through better education, have
more* leisure to formulate ideate, with
appreciation of art, literature, music,
and a better , saner, brighter outlook
on life.
REPORTS OX  SOVIET  TOURS
THE British tradea union delegates
hnve recently published their report on conditions as they found them
In soviet Russia, Although we have
not, as yet, anything more' reliable
thnn the dally prl.ss reports, upon
whieh to pnss judgement on the flnd-
SCARING  WOMJ2K
IN unguarded moments the "great
men" let fall facts and truths
calculated to set the common man
furiously to think.
Recent press reports informed us
that President Coolldge, Secretary of
War Weeks, Secretary of the Navy
Wilbur, and other high government
officials, were conducting a four-day
school on "national defense as peace
Insurance."
At an afternoon session, being con
ducted by the women attending the
school, Rear-Admiral Phelps of the
navy general board, "dropped in to
this session (purely by accident, of
course) and informed the women,
that "serious differences were brewing with England over shipping policies," and that "a day was coming
within the life-time of men now living,
when your (?) navy and merchant
murine will be nt England's mercy for
their fuel, nnd that the only hope of
surety rested in a strong navy."
During the war when socialists and
othors pointed out that wnrs were In
hercnt lu the capitalist system, thnt
might was right, and that the possession of oil wells, coal fields, and the
control of the natural resources for
profits, were tho bnslc cuuses of war,
and that wars were not fought in tho
Interests of "God," "home," "justice,"
"democracy," and to "protect the
honor of women," they were hounded
from pillar to post, jailed and persecuted as seditious undesirable citizens.
Addressing this gathering of women
Rear Admiral Phelps lifts the corner
of the mask of Mammon, and in diplomatic language, says In substnnco
to these women, "We hnve n com.-
mercinl rival—Englnnd." "Onc of tho
League of Nations primary objects
under England's domination is some
policy to destroy the American favorable balance of trade, wo must
crush this commorcial rival—we cnn
do it with a strong navy, nrmy nnd
air force."
Tho Admiral did not suggest that
those commercial disputes might be
arbitrated, nor that these resources
liescessary to all, might be nationalized. His policy Is the same old one
of force nnd this policy demands that
the flower of the manhood of the
nations lte sacrificed io its interests.
He snys In Hubatance to tlie mothers
of the United   Statos:   "Be prepared;
we sha.ll need your sons. It is your
sons' blood, against our gold, our balance of trade." Trade Is international, It is not longer a question of defending American soil, or American
woman and children. These boys
must be willing and prepared to flght
any and every nation threatening the
"American favorable balance of
trade." This is the important fact
.which Rear-Admiral Phelps did not
make plain. It is likewise the fact,
behind all wars, that must be faced by
the women everywhere. The policy of
force and plunder for profits has
brought commercial and moral ruin
to millions of Innocent people. Napo
leon sought power through force. The
czar, the kaiser, tho Imperialists of
Rome, and the world imperialists of
today have sought security through
the medium of force. Empires have
fallen, kings and emperors have lost
their heads, and the great war, the
most colossal organization of force
the world has ever known, has practically destroyed civilization.
Force has been tried from time
immemorial and failed. Away thon
with force; lot reason, co-operation,
and international goodwill be the
guiding principles upon which to
build national security, national hon'
or, and protect the favorable balance
of trade.
A system of commercialism demanding the sacrifice of millions of
precious young lives and denuding the
world of all that is finest, must go.
or humanity must go.
BOOK REVIEW
EXPLOITING THE FARMERS
THE "tiller of the soil," upon the
results of whose toll the life of all
human kind depends, has been the
plaything, all down through the ages,
of all sorts of grafters and exploiters.
They have been lied to and lied about.
They have been represented, and misrepresented. They have been kept,
as much as possible, in ignorance of
the economic forees at work in this
world. If they have to pay an extra
charge for anything they purchase
ln our cities, they are told It is due
to Increased wages, demanded by organized labor, lf labor has to pay a
little extra for the necessities of life,
they, in turn, are told it Is due to
the farmers holding up the prices.
Neither of these statements are statements of fact
The farmer in 80% of the caaes is
but the servant of the banks or trust
companies. He has all the worry,
while the controllers of these institutions sit back in their easy chairs and
take their toll, in the form of interest, dividends or profits.
The farmer toils from sunrise to
sunset. The result of his toil ls dependent to no small extent upon
climatic conditions. Season after season, in some areas, his toil is all in
vain—yet he must bear the burden,
If he ls successful, and climatic conditions are favorable, and a good yield
results, he finds, to his dismay, that
the price of these commodities have
dropped to auch an extent that hla in
come ia nil. And yet the parasitical
middleman ever flourishes.
Many gamble in w'heat and live in
luxury, although, perhaps, they would
not know one species of grain from
another, while the farmer tolls -on,
living, oft times on the verge of starvation. Such a state of affairs cannot go on much longer.
We would earnestly suggest that
some of our radical farmer comrades
utilize the columiiB of The Federatlonist, and there, put before our readers
the various difficulties they have to
face, and give, what appears to them
to be the cause of the many, obvious
injustices to which they, like their
comrades In industry have been subjected.
AMERICAN LABOR WHO'S WHO;
Hlsory of American Labor Movement; 400 pages. Hanford Press, 7
East Fifteenth street, New York
City.
TOR the first time ln the history of
the American labor movement, the
personal histories of its leaders have
been collected ln book form, in the
"American Labor Who's Who," to bo
brought out ln March by Lhe Hanford
Press, New York. The book will contain more than 1,500 concise biographies, including a special section
with over 200 of the most prominont
European labor men and women. The
field covered includea trade unionism,
labor politics, labor journalism, workers' education, and co-operation. Officials of practically every organized
labor group In tho country have assisted In making the information as
full and accurate as possible. Two
Indexes, one according to state and
city, and one according to occupation
and organization, add to the useful
ness of the nearly 400-page volume.
Truly an Invaluable publication. Ar
rangements will be made for a special
price for the book within all branches
of the labor movement.
Canadian Book Shelf
[By Rienza,]
MAKERS OF CANADIAN LITERATURE, by Lome Albert Pierce,
editor, and Victor Morin, associate
editor. The Ryerson Press, Toronto.
LIBRE, at last, we have a worthy
* and adequate account of our national achievements in the literary
world. It is Indeed a "national service," for which we have to thank
Dr. Pierce. In this work, consisting
of forty artistically bound little volumes, the editors are presenting the
Canadian public with a satisfactory
account of the entire field of Canadian letters to date. In the volumes
seen by the writer, he senses a love
and a new method of approach while
his book-lover's Instincts are gratified by the craftsmanship displayed
ln the making of them. From Hall-
burton to Carman and his contemporaries is not a long cry, but we have
no need to be ashamed as Canadians
of the body of distinctive Canadian
literature produced In that period of
time.
Only a critic who has love and reverence for "the soul of Canada" could
have undertaken this work with a
prospect of success. Here are books
not too expensive for private libraries, yet quite as good for the use of
schools, colleges and literary clubs.
Here ls sound criticism, in most cases,
laying a foundation for further development along this line. We can
heartily commend thts work to all
who wish to know our writers and to
watch with Dr. Pierce the "growth
of the Canadian national spirit."
While the writer, commenting upon
tho "Makers of Canadian Literature,"
was stressing the importance of the
development of a national spirit in
Canada, he would like to have expressed his belief in the intenatlonal-
Ism of art and letters. But before
we can have Internationalism we
must have a healthy and tolerant nationalism. Canada is in embryo,
slowly emerging from the external influences which have hitherto moulded its destinies. As a natfon, It will
have a distinctive and valuable con
trlbutlon to make to the lnternatlon
al symphony of races which was im
possible while it was still a "colony."
In the federation of British common
wealths, it will sound a new note of
courage and freedom.
Of interest to the readers of this
column, Is the fact that on the 18th
of April, coming, Canada's most distinguished man of letters, Charles
G. D. RobertB, will give readings from
his own works in this city. Inclden
tally, Bliss Carman ls expected to
visit Vancouver, his adopted home,
about the same time. This gathering
of literary luminaries In the West
should prove a stimulant to local
artists.
INote—As many enquiries reach
this offlce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
—Ed.]   .
A. X.—-The per capita tax of government of the following cities in
Canada Is as follows; Victoria, $145.
95; Vancouver, $131.87; Edmonton,
,5124.3a; Calgary, 120.35; Winnipeg
$107.20; Toronto, $108.08; Ottawa,
$95.70; Montreal, $82.14; St. John,
$85.00; Windsor, $108.04. Those figures, tho latest available, are made
up to tho end of 1922 and may supply whut you nskod for. We nre indebted to the Citizen's Research Institute (Toronto) for kindly supplying this,
Point Oris—Nothing has boen paid
off the gigantic war debt. Every renewal of bonds with cost, of course,
tho financiers will see to that.
A. Noble—Lloyd Oeorge said (vide
Western Mai), 7th April, 1923): "Wnrs
are precipitated by motives which the
statesmen responsible for them dare
not publicly avow. A public discussion would drag these motives in tlieir
nudity into tho open, where Mhcy
would die nt exposure to the withering contempt of Immunity." He should
know!
Punjab—Tlio Indian Homo-rule
movemont is callod the Swaraj!:..
Party.
Reply   to   C.   S.   nnd   olhei's,   next
Kindness    guided    by    intelligence
should  rule the world.—Ingersoll.
Patronize  Foderationist  advertisers
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Germany
Bank Employees Unemployed—At
present there are approximately 300,-
000 unemployed bank employees,
who, during 1928, found ready employment ln all banking vocations.
Irish Free State.
Building Program—There *are
prospects throughout the Free State
of a revival of the building activity
under the stimulus of the Government's Housing Bill, passed last November, which provides ^300,000 for
the erection and reconstruction of
working class houses. Also, 3000
worklngmen's houses are to be erected in the Dublin suburbs, and prop
orties damaged or destroyed during
the civil disturbances ln 1922 and
1923 are to be repaired or replaced.
Latvia.
Women Applicants Exceed Men.-
Whon unemployment relief work in
the way of road-repairing and similar labor was offered to unemployed
registrants, it ls said that while the
men were rather reluctant t9 accept
the work, at 120 marks a day, so
many women applied, at a wage of
100 marks a day that lt was difficult
to find work for them.
Mexico.
Colonization—It is stated that Mexico's Mennonite colony was recently
Increased by approximately one hundred of these colonists, mostly from
Russia.
Mining Operations—It is reported
from Chihuahua, Mexico, that there
Is a strong sentiment looking to the
assisting of mining operations by re-.
jectlng legislation of an apparently
unfavorable character, and, on the
other hand, giving serious consideration to the petitions of mine operators.
Spain.
Welfare—The official Consejo de
Trabajo (labor commission) has recommended to the Government a plan
for State aid In the construction of
inexpensive houses for rental to
workingmen In capitals of provinces
and ln towns of more than 20,000
Inhabitants,
Sweden. /*
Unemployment—According to t-he
monthly report of tho Unemployment
Commission?1 there were 9,300 persons
unemployed on December 1, 1924, as
compared with 6,500 on November 1,
an Increase of 2,800, which Is said
to be an ugj^ixlmate normal increase
at this season of the year. The metal
and machine Industry nnd the mining industry accounted for nearly
one-third of the total number of unemployed.
[The opinions and Mess expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management,]
A Medium or Education
Editor B. C. Federationist: Please
accept felicitations upon your making The Federationist such an excellent medium, for educating the masses
on the labor question. Students would
profit by reading B. C.'s best labor
paper—Tho Fed.   Yours for progress.
TEACHER.
Victoria, B. C, February 9, 1925.
WOMEN'S 'WAGES
FOLLOWING ls taken from "Radio
Talks   on   Women   in   Industry,
prepared   and    broadcasted   by   the
Women's Bureau of the United States
Department of Labor:
"Wnges mean more than the price
of a certain number of hours of
work. They mean life and a chance
to enjoy and advance the civilization
of the day.
"If you think that lt Is all right to
pay a woman $9 a week, simply because you can got her to work for
$9 a week, then you think that It Is
all right for you to take from that
woman not only the hours of work
you have bargained for, but also her
health, her comfort, her chances for
pleasure and education, and provision
for her old age or sickness. You will
take all these things, because a $9 a
week wage can supply none of them.
"You will also be taking from the
community a healthy, happy, interested citizen and leaving In her place
a womnn who will have neither time
nor energy to make a contribution to
any social progress, a woman whose
standard of living muBt be too low
for safety; ln fact, a woman who ls a
liability instead of an asset in the
community life. This is too large a
contribution for any one person to
take from nnother, yet those who pny
less than a living wage are taking
such a toll from every person they,
employ, and from every community
in which these persons live,"
Vegetarianism and Peace
Editor B. C. Federationist: Tolstoi
said that the future Is with the vege-
terious, and he is right. Sound health
cannot ensue from flesh foods; whole
health will come from wholesome
practices, which do not rob any beings of life. Most animals are plant-
eaters, Man was crented in a garden,
not in a slaughter house; If irfan did
not use vegetables with his meat, the
race would have been extinct long
ago. If it were natural for man to
eat flesh he would be endowed with
claws and sharp teeth like a tiger
or a wolf.
The greatest vegetarian movement
ever known, a thrifty intelligent people, Doukhobors: Peter Lordly Veregin, wonderful man of power, of many
talonts, a born loader, Btrovo to ad
vise his people to nrrnngo an orderly
Christian, mornl and useful life—he
guided the Doukhobors ns no general
of a grent nrmy hns ever dono. Pence.
simple living, brotherhood and efri
clency marking their development.
For more than 30 yenrs and to the
last of his days, he delivered his great
messages, "Thou shnlt not kill." Not
long bofore his death he gave interesting messages on Peace and how to
abolish war.
Brothers and Sisters, people everywhere in the world nre seeking for
peace and happiness. But I say their
will be no pence on enrth until the
masses of the globe will not recognize
In its true menning the tenchlngs of
Jesus Christ, and his grent message
"The Sermon on the Mount," whieh
invites us to live nccordlng to th,e
spirit of Christ.
If in future, there will he peace,
this pence will be like the former,
that Is to sny, a peace of hypocrisy,
n false transition pence, which will bo
followed by another great wnr even
worse thnn we had. As long ns blood
of men will be from dead animal,
nnd which flows through the veins
of the massos todny, one may not expect from the lntter anything but wnr.
PETER MALOFF
PROPAGANDA
[By Alpheus.]
AS the word implies, it menus disseminating, broadcasting an idea
with the main purpose of getting this
idea accepted; and accepted Implies
first to make it "acceptable." Herein
lies the difficulty, the art, and the
problem of propaganda.
The essential merit of an idea is
not the deciding factor of its acceptance or Its rejection. See the enormous amount and variety of erroneous notions and creeds easily absorbed by individuals and masses. The
mode and character of how these no
tions and creeds have been "sold" determined their acceptance.
The successful propagandist, using
his eloquence and skill adapts his
methods of appeal (whether by a ra-
tional or by an emotional appenl) his
choice of the message, his selection of
the right logical moment for a topic
to the kind of audience he wants to
Influence. He must consider the intelligence of the addressed, his economical, his social status, his religion,
his political convictions,
There Is a multitude of different
ways to present the same idea to the
snme audience, with greatly differ
ent results, The same contents of a
parcel can be dressed up In many different ways. Different containers,
different wrappers, different labels,
or different trade names can disguise
tho snme piece of goods, But surely
the beBt dressed parcel with the right
kind of gab will win the customer.
Many propagandists are violently
assailed by critics just for Buch skillful wrapping and labelling. These
superficial criics not understanding
the propagandist condemn him, as
they only see the wrapper and the
label, and fall to examine the kernel,
the contents of the package.    ,
The Roman Catholic church—always a master ln the nrt of propaganda has elaborated it to a science and
gives it in its organization the place of
power and importance. A Bpeclal department 'is maintained for this purpose at tho Vatican. For it knows
that the whole vast structure of the
Roman Catholic church stands or
falls with the efficiency of this one
department—Propnganda.
We strongly advocate the creation
of a central committee of propaganda,
uniting all the plnnless, sporadic overlapping, single efforts, to study the
essential principles of propaganda
and to evolve the most efficient methods of intelligently directed propaganda.
All the features of todays advertising are propaganda, and its methods
its principles, and its psychological
subtleties can be assimilated. Besides
the organized, directed propaganda, ls
the propaganda spread by the single
individual apostle, not spectacular,
but of utmost Importance and of
greatest effect—as long as the missionary effort of the single Individual
are not wasted to convert one already
converted—chewing the rag—but directed towards patiently and gradually winning over a new convert.
No opportunity should be lost to
cast the seed of an idea in the mind
of a fellow man, or to voice an opinion In an audience or ln a meeting.
Be always on the alert and prepared
for an opportunity. But don't try to
convince by long-winded, heated arguments. "Sell" with a smile.
There ls also another way of propaganda. Four publications of progressive thought are published in
Vancouver, the Clarion, The Federatlonist, the Labor Statesman, and the
Logger. Each contains ln every Issue
a multitude of items of propaganda
See the Gorgeous Spring
Garments   at   "Famous"
HIGH COLORS are the keynote of
spring, with innumerable style
changes, See them all ln tho windows
at "Famous." Then compare prices
with other storeB.
tttttlOllS   SUIT Co. Ltd.
619-623 Hastinga Street Weet
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will Cure Tour Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Neuritis or Bad Oold
Massage a Specialty
PACIFIC  BUILDING
744 Hutinga St. W.   Phone 3ey. 2070
Poverty is the price tho world pays
for ignoring the claims of socialism,
Hand Tho Federatlonist to your
ahopmate when you are through with
It.
OET A NEW SUBSCIUBEB
Tho greatc-st assistance that the
renders of The Federatlonist cnn render us at this time, la by sccnrlnR n
new subscriber. By doing so voir
spread the news of tho working t'luny
movement nnd nssist us.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABRIiTBBI. 80XJ0IT0M, 1X0.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
187 Hastings St. W. VAHOOUVBB. B. 0.
Telephone: Seymou 8IM ud S80T
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes ai 6 p.m.
Tweed and Covert Cloth
Fashion These New
Sport Suits
TAILORED m o d e 1 s in
single or double-
breasted style with notch
eollar, patch or flap
pockets, and with or
without belt. Tho skirts
are in wrap-over or two-
piece styles, well fashioned. These new models are
the latest in the tailored
mode as approved by the
foremost fashion authorities.   $39.50 and $45.
—Drysdalo's Garment Shop,
Third Floor,
675 Granville Street
Phone Seymoar 3540
value. But even their combined circulations reach only a limited number
compared with the circulations of the
dally press.
To increase the percentage of usefulness of our press we suggest that
everybody after having read his paper
take the little trouble of marking a
selected article, to make the grand
sacrifice of one cent for postage, and
readdress the paper to some person
where it might do some good, not
with the intent of hitting, but with
the intent of converting.
For instance, we refer here to an
article published recently In the labor press dealing with the -political
views and alignments of the retail
merchants and his attitude towards
tabor. Said article should have been
sent by every worker after he was
through with hla paper to his grocer
or other merchant. It was essentially
an article containing propaganda aiming at this class.
"Peking Rugs and Peking Boys"
Child labor Is one of the raw materials used in making Peking rugs,
says a recent report in the Chinese
Social and Political Science Review,
published In Peking. Almost three-
fourths of the workers In this Industry are apprenticesVreceiving food,
clothing and a small amount of
money, but no regular wages. The
boys are brought in from the country at the age of 11 or 12, and sometimes younger, to serve under a contract for three years. They live ln
the shops, receive no moral or educational training, and no physical care.
Many contract tuberculosis and other
diseases. For most there Ib no future In the Industry, because when
the apprenticeship Is ended other
boys are brought In to take their
places.
If you are really in sympathy
with labor, be a booster. The
Federationist is out to do its bit.
Help it.
Patronize  Federatlonist advertisers
Phone Seymonr 8364
DR W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
»D«a aoi, MimnoK buhiDdto
 T__»OOUV-__. b, o,	
The Enemy
Of Loneliness
NO NEED o£ feeling lonely
when there Is a telephone
In your houae. Through lt you
can pay a visit to your friends,
whether they live three blocks
or three hundred miles away.
B. 0. IBLEFBOHB COMPACT.
Phou Sty. 1188.        312 OABRAIL ST.
G. S. MASON & CO.
Established  1888
A FAOTOBY  FOB BEPAIBMO HIGH-
GRADE WATCHES, 0100ES,
OHEONOMBTBES AND JEWELBY
Eyes Tested and Glasses Fitted hj registered Optometrist
HAVE you ever hud a -real drink
of Pure Apple Cider during the
last few years?
To meet th* desires of many client!,
we hire introduced recently S pnre clear
sparkling apple older in pint bottles,
eltker par* eweet or governmont regulation 2% hard apple elder. These drinki
sre absolutely pnre and free from sll
cavbonio sold gai or pre«.er?etl»es of
any uture. Write or phone your order
today, Highlsnd 90.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Oldei Manafaoturers
1961 Commercial Drire, Vancouver, B. 0.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
llflO Georgia Street
Sunday aerriees, 11 a.m. and 7i80 p.m.
Sunday ichool Immediately following
morning eeirice. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, S p.m. Free reading room,
801-008 Blrka Bldg.
BANKING SERVICE
*T<HE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
*■ of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for talcing care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
UM.!*NR
Established 69 Years
Patronize Federationist advertisers *
FRIDAY March 6,  1925
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.
no. 10. BRITISH COLUMBIAJ-'EDIJRATIONIST vancouvmi, ao.
PAGE THREE
WEAR—
LECKIE
SHOES
They are made of
first quality leathers on comfortable
good  fitting lasts.
For tpori\ or dress
At all leading Shoe Stores.
J. LECKIE CO.
Limited
Defects Existing Among School
Ohildren of this Province
Appalling
"The Book! The Book! TheBook!"
HEALTH BOARD ACTIVE
Vfeccines and Anti-toxins Free-
Renfrew Street "Dump"
Menace.
[By Nemesis]
[Note—The figures in this article
deal only with the school children of
our province; for other returns, see
report-—N.]
T,HE province of British Columbia,
taken on the whole, Is one of the
most favored spots on the earth's
surface compared with other countries in the same latitudes. It is not,
of course, the perfect spot of the
pamphlets of the transportation com-
panies, where "old men grow young," | u^  D_eachers ~j~  4^^"' these
[Nemesis.]
TVTOBODY will or can deny the fact
■*•* that our civilization Is a glorious
thing. One can almost imagine the
front doors of Essendale asylum
opening wide of their own accord, if
anyone impeaching its perfection were
to stray anywhere in their vicinity;
for our civilization is a momentous
fact which speaks for itself. It needs
no boosting like other thingB we read
about; boosting it would be a superfluous piece of folly and impertinence, and to question its perfection,
even ln its smallest detail, would
need a moral courage of surpassing
strength,
Our civilization recognizes the sa
credness of human life, and founds
that recognition on the sacred command: "Thou shalt not kill." It
preaches from pulpit and plaform
thp God-like principle of justice and
has established its law courts on that
sure foundation; It has adopted as
les religion the teachings of Christ
and maintains an army of prop la-Is
Teaching Children
(Continued from Page 1)
the great war was  1860  billions of
francs.   Write this down ii^ figures.
Problem 7. The Dreadnought
"Maryland" with complete equipment
cost 420,000,000 francs. The University of Eastslde cost 4,500,000 francs.
How many Universities might have
been built instead of the dread
nought?
Problem 8. The number of soldiers and mariners who died during
the world war amounts to 12,990,570.
How many times docs this flgure represent the Inhabitants of your native
town?
Problem 9. Books teaching theoretically how to shoot cost 4 million
of francs a year. How many copies
of Christ's Sermon on the Mountain
might be distributed for the same
money, the copy at 1 bou?
Probem 10. There are ten millions
of soldiers ln Europe. All these i
diers are equipped with rifles provided with a butt-end of walnut or
some other precious wood. The wood
of 25 of these butt-ends, would be
sufficient to make a good solid table,
How many tables could be made of
a million rifle butt-ends?
Problem 11. European barrack
rooms cost ln the average 2 milions of
francs. How much; then do 1000
barrack rooms cost ? How many
family houses might have been built
for this money? The family houae at
40,000 francs?
Problem 12. The metal used for
the war, navies, artillery, rifles, munitions, revolvers, swords, helmets,
etc., weighs 100 million tons, an agricultural machine weighs about 2
ton. How many agricultural machines might be manufactured out of
the above mentioned lot of metal?
Other subjects such as patriotism,
citizenship, nationalism, and imperialism, are being dealt with In such a
way as to open the child's mind, to
the follies, and hardships of war, and
the practical ways of peace and arbitrations.
EVERY READER GAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa soon as
' they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try it.
Pass The Federationist along to
your friends. Help lt in its flght for
justice.
and, on the covers of which, a mil
llonalre's house has been represented
as "a typical B. C. home." We, who
live here, know better and know why
such "stuff" Ib written. Yet it cannot
be denied that It is a very desirable
land in which to make one's home.
While It has not "the finest climate
on earth," it has an excellent one
Its percentage of clear, sunny days
ls a high one. The airs, which sweep
over it from the ocean, or from the
forests of pine and cedar, are pure,
fragrant and health-bestowing. Our
province is nearly five times larger
than England, yet contains only half
the population of one of the largest
cities of that country. One would
imagine that B. C. would be almost
free from disease and sickness. But
I am going to put before you a few
figures which will show that ln spite
of its 'climatic advantages—Its sunshine and pure and fragrant air—lt
has a terrible record of disease and
suffering among its school children,
who should be absolutely free from
Vancouver Unions
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
Mneti leeond Mondty In the month.    Pn*
■ident, J. R. White; -secretary, R. H. Neel
-indi. P. O. Box 66
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, R«om 111—
810 Pender St. Woit—Buiineu meetinii
•very Wedneidiy evening. A. HftelBofi,
, ekfttrmu; E, H. Morriion, iH.-tr.ew.; Gee.
D. Hirrlion, 1182 Puker Street, Vueearer,
B. 0., correiponding iecretary.
Any dlitrlet In Brltlih Oolnmbtl deilriic
information re nenring ipeikeri or the foi-
■nation of loeal branohei, kindly oemmnnieat*
with Provincial Seoretary J. Lyle Telford,
524 Birki Bld|f., Vancotm.r, B. O. Tel*-
phono Soymour 13B2, or Boyvlow 5520,
BAKERT SALESMEN, LOOAL 371—Heeta
i      aecond Thuraday every month tn Holdea
Building.    Preeldent, J. Brlghtwell; flnanelal
aeoretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth A»e»ue
Bait. 	
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD 07
1 Boilermaker!, Iron Shipbuilder! and Helper! of America, Local 104—Meetinga flnt
and third Mondays in each month in Holden
> Building. Preildent, P. Willli; iecretary, A,
Fraier.   Offlce houn, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5
p.m.	
CIVIO   EMPLOYEES   UNION—MeeU   flnt
i     and third Fridays ln eaeh month, at 4*1
' Richards  Street.    Preildent,  David  CuthiU,
2852 Albort Street; nocretary-treaiurer, Oeo.
i Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.
1
'* ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meets every Wedneaday at 8 p.m., Room
808 Holdon Bldg. Preildent, Charles Prioe;
business agent and finanoial seeretary, t. h.
Hunt; rocordlng eecretary, J. T. Venn.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 115, A. F. of M.—MeeU In
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E. O.
Miller, 991 -Nelson Street; secretary, E, A.
Jnmieaon, 991 Nelson Street; -financial aeeretary, W. E. Williams, 991 Nelaon Btreet;
organ Isor, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street.
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—MeotB at 1)91 NeUon Street, at 11
a-m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sundny of the mouth. Prosidont, Harry Pearson,
901 Nolson Streot; Secretnry, E. A, Jatnlc-
eon,   991 Nelson Street; Business Agont, F.
Fletcher, 091 Nelaon Bt._
=4-
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Preii-
denl, IX. P. Pcttipioeo; vice-president. C.
F. Campbell; sreri'tnry-treasurer, R. H. Nee*
lands, P. 0, Box 60. Meots last Sunday of
enah month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, 10
Haatings Street East.	
PBINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION, No. 418—President, S. D. Mao-
donald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. O. Box 689. Meets laat Thursday ol each
month.
Defective School Children
The facts and figures I am going
to quote are taken from the latest report of the Provincial Board of
Health for B. O.J and, of course, can
be relied upon. They deaf with the
year ending Julie, 1924. I find that
there were 77,569 school children examined; but this does not quite represent the full total of scholars, as
18 medical inspectors sent in no report, so that 192 schools were not inspected.
Out of these 77,569 scholars examined, there were found approximately
8,300 defective, or a percentage of
defects of 10.7.
These defects Include malnutrition,
defective mentality, defective vision,
defective hearing, defectivo nasal
breathing, adenoids, enlarged tonsils,
defective teeth, enlarged glands,
goitre and other conditions (nervous,
pulmonary, cardiac diseases, etc.).
Here are a few of them in detail:
orthopaedic, 294; mentally deficient,
391; goitre, 6343, or approximately
8 per cent of all examined; defective
vision, 4323, approximately 6 per cent
of all examined; other conditions, as
above, 2626; defective teeth, 19,328,
approximately 25 per cent of all examined.
The provincial health officer In
reference to the .last might well exclaim, "The dental defects existing
among the children of B, C. are appalling." I exclaim, "The total defects
existing among the children of B. C.
are overwhelming ln their tragic significance."
On to the above appalling figures,
we must add 7638 of acute fevers—
such as small-pox, scarlet fever,
measles, diphtheria, etc.; but this
number does not represent the whole
of these cases, as quite half of the
schools were reported as measles,
scarlet fever, etc., with no accompanying numbers,
Possible Cause of Disease.
In reference to these contagious
diseases, I would like to point out
a possible cause. I say possible cause,
for, while the fundamental cause of
moBt diseases lies In the organism
Itself, environment must play an important part also in fostering disease.
Por the pust year or two in the
City of Vancouver, at the cornor of
Renfrew street nnd Twenty-second
avenue east, a "dump" has been in
existonce and, I believo. this has bcen
only one among several others. I
might explain that a "lump" Is a
kind of pit or heap whore refuse, organic and other sorts, ls deposited.
This particular dump was for years
a prolific breeding ground for rats,
flies and other vermin, and cast a
strong und fetid odor around- for a
long distance. There were many com-
plaints from residents of the vicinity,
which, however, were little heeded—
as lt was In a workingmen's district.
At the present time, I am told, a
more extensive dump Is being luid
down on Thirteenth avenue east and
the Great Northern railway track,
which bids, ln size and evil stenches,
to put its near neighbor into the
deepest shadow, One wonders if wo
have greatly Improved since the old
days of absolute savagery, when tho
wild tribes got rid of their refuse by
throwing it in a pile In the vicinity
of their dwellings, tho remains of
which geologists havo discovered nnd
given tho name of kitchen-middens.
Are foul and stinking places like
the modern dumps liable to play nn
Important part'In the fostering of
these conlaglons diseases? I Invite
our provincial health officer to give
us his opinion on this matter.
■ For the above recorded deplorable
state of our children's health, wo
cannot blame the Government, although  peddling- alcohol  is not con-
teachings.   What more can it do?
And what more could any system
of philosophy, religion or civilization
do? Nothing more than that, surely;
therefore Its perfection.
But, unhappily, all this ls but a
beautiful dream, a habit of thought,
which through the power of suggestion has become part of our mental
life, like many another foolish and
fallacious day-dream,
"To err ls human," we are told,
and that Is true, for men of science
have advanced the theory, supported
by many facts, that we are products
of the dark and unmoral post, descendants of strange jnd -ferocious
creatures, whose wild instincts we
are still striving to cast out, and
whose influence is still potent, and
rendering our glorious civilization
more of the nature of a hope than
a fixed and permanent reality. Yet
we are advancing surely through
pain, struggle and error to that real
state of civilization which we have
clearly outlined ln our hopes and
Imaginings,
We must believe that, or regard
the whole of created things as a sinister performance, or as a distorted
nightmare.
As yet we cannot claim that we
Have attained to any supreme moral
height, when today each great nation boasts that it has perfected a
poison gas which will be able, when
liberated on its destructive errand, to
destroy populations wholesale or turn
their units Into gibbering maniacs,
Truly there Is a hard struggle before the race to cast off the influences of- the dead and dreary past,
for we seem to cling with eager
clutch to that past, and always regard it with longing and loving vision,
The soul of our law Is precedent,
a holy and inviolable principle, and
our ablest lawyers mere experts of
precedent and technicalities.
Change seems abhorrent to our
nature, and new principles, new
thoughts and truths always regarded
duclve to the physical and moral welfare of a people.
Health Board Active.
At the same time, I should like to
point out some of the means our
government are employing to counteract this abnormal presence of dls-
ease ln the young of our race.
At the head of the official staff of
the Board of Health is a very efficient health officer, ln the person of
Dr, H. E. Young, who seems not only
conscious of the great responsibllty
of his office, but is possessed with
the personal and patriotic desire to
give the best service at his command
to his country. Much of his effort
Is directed towards the prevention of
disease, by a system of instructing
our scholars in the science of health
—a logical effort which will be the
only effort needed when peace ls established on the earth under a coop
eratlve systom, and the present economic warfare ls not producing Its
wounded and diseased victims in such
appalling numbers,
Space will not allow of a lengthy
description of the government's efforts to stem the flood of disease in
the way of cure.
Laboratories distribute vaccines
and anti-toxins free. Among others,
I noticed tho following, which hnvo
beon distributed: 704 doses of
typhoid vaccine; 16,930 points of
small-pox vaccine; 4,660,000 units of
diphtheria anti-toxin, and 18,000
units of anti-tetanic serum,
Two venorlal clinics are In operation, In which 200 new cases oro received on the average per month.
In connection with these clinics, mod-
Iclnes are furnished free to physicians.
A vigorous anti-tuberculosis campaign Is being carried on under the
direction of a specialist, Dr, Lamb, a
peripatetic officer, engaged In a valuable and very successful system of
education.
A specific fnr the terrible and fntal
disease called goitre Is sent free to
any sufferer who may apply for lt.
Educational and practical efforts are
being directed to cope with the con-
tngtous diseases, nnd 1 would recommend a lecture to our city fathers on
the best way of disposing of organic
refuse as the ancient kitchen-midden
systom is somewhat, to say tho least,
antiquated.
Whilo congratulating our govornment on tho vigorous and Intelligent
efforts they nre mnking on behalf
of the diseased and wounded In the
economlo warfare, lot us—you. and
II of us, dear render—make overy
ffort to establish a sane and righteous system of mutual help, so that
a free nnd happy peoplo mny grow
up and tnko tho place of our present
wounded nnd weary sufferers, before
It be too lato to prevent tho extinction of our race.
'with suspicion. We are, indeed, true
worshippers of the past, with all its
errors, Its brutalities and itB Ignorance—a sort of ancestor worship, but
of ideas rather than personalities.
Yet many there are among us who,
with truer and clearer vision, look
ever forward to the era of justice
with the supplication, "Thy kingdom
come," ever in their hearts, not
mumbling it merely, but ever living
lt, as true prayer is found only in
deeds.
All such as these were horrified at
the revolting accounts recently pub
Ushed In the press regarding the last
moments of a wretched Chinaman,
the latest legal victim to testify to
the breaking of the divine command,
"Thou shalt not kill."
Full well do these sensational
scribes know how to pander to the
blood lust and the killing instinct inherited from the savage past.
I do not wish to revive the disgusting details of the execution of a
fellow-being, but I cannot help/ but
point out one or two of the chief
features.
One can trace through all these
revolting details, from the donning
of the black cap by the judge to the
drawing of the bolt, the worship of
the ideas of the dark and forblddini?
past. Each sign of fear or horror
the doomed man exhibited was eagerly seized upon by the scribe to feed
his horror-hungry readers—the mum
bled words, the sagging body, the
last supplications; and a fine touch
of savagery was reached when it
was recorded, with an unctuous
gloating, how the condemned wretch
was hurled Into the presence of his
Creator with an unfinished prayer
upon his lips. Perhaps if he had
been allowed to* finish that prayer
our civilization would not have suffered In its reputation, and we could
not then have been accused of showing discourtesy to the great Creator
whom he was addressing and who,
we have been taught to believe, was
listening.
The wretch's mumblings v.
translated into an urgent request to
be given a Bible, as the scribe put
it, "The Book, the Book, the Book."
Probably, lf this translation were correct, he wished to convince himself
that he had really read in that sacred volume the command, "Thou
shalt not kill." Who knows? .But
if that were so, his last feeling on
earth must have been a confused contempt for our Christian morality and
civilized logic.
Lastly, of course, was the usual account of the half-minute tremors of
the dangling victim, and, an added
touch of barbarian horror, was an
account of the sheriff calmly peering
down the trap and, turning to the
spectators and saying,. "Not a tremor."
No doubt It was a splendid and
successful piece of hanging work and
reflects great credit upon all con
cerned.
Perhaps, however, the most remarkable piece of the whole gruesome description was the following:
"The prison authorities state that he
was calm and collected through the
night, receiving spiritual aid before
going to a still higher court to answer to his violation of the com*'
mandment, 'Thou shalt not kill.'"
One wonders If in "that still higher court" the original and ancient
law-makers, the judge, the sheriff,
the hangman and all concerned will
also be arraigned as breakers of that
commandment. One wonders, because It is so simply and so implicitly stated, without qualification
or exception,  "Thou shalt not kill."
Capital punishment to many ls a
crime in itself, as lt cannot be justified by any law of logic or tenet
of morality.
The ancient cavedwellers' policy of
"an eye for an eye, a tooth for a
tooth" is the only justification for
it that can be advanced.
But we are continually telling ourselves and our children that we have
progressed far beyond that primitive
logic.    Yet we have not.
Our tenacious and persistent clinging to the ideas of the dismal ages
of the past prove we have not.
Surely tt is about time that we
leave the past and all Its evil to itself and, holding firm to Its good,
turn our faces to the future with the
determination to build the foundations of an earthly kingdom, embracing the wholo of humanity, on
tho abiding principles of love and
justice which shall know no corruption and have no end—till the ond
of all things material.
Just a Heart to Heart
Talk With the Readers
of The "Federationist"
By the Fiscal Agent of the Vancouver Swimming Pool and Pleasure
Pier Limited.
Dear Reader:
This week I juBt want to have a
real heart to heart talk with you
about a matter in which you will be
very much interested. I refer to tho
opportunity of investing a part of
your surplus earnings in the above
Company. No doubt all students of
political economy know just how and
why it is, that society is divided tn
two classes, those who own the machinery of production, and those who
must work the machinery of production in order to live. The former In
large measure are those who have,
the latter class those who liavo not.
Now, regardless of political opinions
held by you or by me, I think we can
agree on one point, and that Is that I
it ftLkes time to change conditions,
and that, ln the meantime, it behooves us all to make such provision
as we are able for those near and
dear to us. In other words, we must
put away a part of our surplus earnings, and put them to work for us,
where they will grow and* produce
earnings for us or our. dependents.
Most of you, who are of a thrifty dis
position have your savings account In
the bank, where your rate of inter
est is 3 per cent. Some may have
bonds bearing 5 to 7 per cent. Most
of you also realize that the banks and
the people issuing bonds, make a
tremendous profit on your money. In
fact, the savings deposits of Canada
(over ♦1,300,000,000) are largely own
ed by wage and salary workers, but
this money Is used by the Business
and other interests to keep you in
your place indefinitely. Most of you
will have recognized the modern tendency of making the denomination
of share certificates in public companies smaller than formerly, thus
making it possible for the small investor to take out $60 .or $100 worth
of a security, where formerly $500
was the minimum. Do you know
that Armour ^Company have 77,000
shareholders, while the Pennsylvania
R. R. has over 180,000 shareholders. The same applies to U.
S. Steel Corporation. There is no
valid reason why wage earners, earning good wages, should not have an
opportunity to Invest some of their
surplus earnings in a sound security,
which will keep their money working
for themselves instead of the other
fellow. There Ib no reason why most
of the $55,000,000 worth of imports
into B. C. should not be produced
here, by B. C. workers aided by local
capital. There is no valid reason why
the surplus earnings of the workers
should not go towards building up
and owning industries In B. C„ thus
Building Laborers
About three hundred building laborers struck on account of operation by contractor of a labor-saving
machine. Permission was granted to
use the machine and the strike called
off.   This at Cedar Rapids, Iowa,
Hel^. the press that's helping
you. The daily, capitalist press
is no friend of yours, comrade!
Why help it?
NEW SPRING
UNDERWEAR FOR MEN
Spring Weights—Lowest Prices
A COMPLETE size range from which to choose, in all
popular makes. Underwear we guarantee to fit comfortably and give good service—at this season's lowest
prices:
Standfield's Underwear—Of medium weight mixed wool. Shirts
are single-breasted, with long
sleeves. Drawers in ankle length.
Sizes 34 to 42. Price, per garment   $1.50
Combinations, with long sleeves,
ankle length, closed crotch. Sizes
34 to 44.   Snit ., $3.0©
Stanfield's Underwear, Per Garment $1.75—A good, reliable underwear, in a spring needle rib
knit that is very comfortable and
good wearing. Vests single-
breasted, long sleeves, drawers
ankle length. Sizes 34 to 42.
Price, per garment $1.75
Stanfield's Silk and Wool Underwear—For men who can not wear
all-wool underwear, silk and wool
is most comfortable. Made in a
medium weight in fine ribbed
knit; shown in combinations and,
separate garments. Sizes 34 to
44.   Price, per garment $3.75
—Main Floor
M "fa-fh&nm W
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
giving employment to many men who
walk the streets today. The National
Securities Limited, fiscal Agents for
Vancouver Swimming Pool and Pleasure Pier Limited, have long recognized this, and have also been aware
of the fact, that, in many cases, so-
called Investments have been thinly
disguised swindles. We recognise
that the time for real bona flde Investments is more than ripe, and we
also know that all we havo to do is
to link up your savings with the rt»l
opportunity. It is a big job that can
only be accomplished if we can get
and hold your confidence. We have
made up our minds that any company
we shall organize and offer for pub*
lie subscription, shall not be overcapitalized, there will bc no promotion
or watered stock. In the Prospectus
there will be no jokers and there will
be nothing hidden, we shall not take
any advantage of any legal loopholes.
Ours will be real, lioimfldc investments. Thus only can we build up
and hold your confidence.
Please remember that if clipping
coupons ls good for capitalists and
keeps them in comfort, it will be
equally good for you. :
Our   present   offering:    Vancouver J
j Swimming Pool & Pleasure Pier Ltd.,
is a real, opportunity; we want you to
study it. Notice the sort of men on
the Directorate, meu ot undoubted integrity and hon^r. Realize that thero
is not one Dolllar at Promotion or
watered stock, that .this project will
'undoubtedly pay a dividend the flrst
year. When our representative calls
upon you, give him a1 careful hearing.
We have no doubt of the result. If
.you are really interested in a clean,
sound investment of- great earning
power, All in and send us the coupon,
below:
[Messrs.   Notional  Rwurltlcj.,   Limited
2024 Beach Avenue,
Vancouver, It, O.
Gentlemen:
Plense   send   me   full   information
[about tho Vancouver Swimming Pool
and  Pleasure Pier LiniKod.
Yours truly,
Name
..Fed. 6-3
AT THK  OIll'IIKI'M
Elliott Dexter, the famous motion
picture and stage star, is coming to
the Orpheum theatre. March 12. 13,
and 14, headlining thu vaudeville bill,
which open/, with a Thursday matinee. His vaudeville starring vehicle
Is an Intensely humnn and powerfully
dramatic playlet. Harry Webb and
company Is a Versatile group of ten
musicians, Bach man Is a specialist,
selected by Harry Webb, who visited
over two hundred cabarets in seacli
of original entertainers,
Herbert Clifton, in his travesties of
the weaker sex, Is a delineator of
feminine types. He has been n success both on this continent and in the
British Isles. Coscia and Verdi, a
pair of'talented young musicians and
comedians, are presenting an offering
called "Stringing Comedy.'' Herbert's
Inop'the-lanp nnd leaning canines are
made up of n dozen fldgs and a number   of   cats,    roosters   and    pigeons.
Their offering is a most entertaining
and clever one. George Libby and
Ida May Sparrow appoar In a novelty
called "The [toad to Vaudeville." Miss
Lois Bonnet! Is a clover entertainer
and   has an  act  that  Is  replete  With
Urinal and snappy numbers.
Tho Aesop's Fables is called "Sharp
Shooters," Topics of ihe Day. and the
Orpheum concert orchestra In n number of selections completes a very entertaining bill of vaudeville,
B.C FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Published in the Interests of All Workers
-THE party is desirous of mnking what contribution it can to the better-
*■ ment of society. It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to nuke The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable.
Contributions for The Federationist are always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper, Matter for publication should
reach this office by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
noon.
You must have The Federationist in the home eaeh week to keep in touoh
with the City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months.
JOB PRINTING
Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work, Our solicitor will
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C. PAGE FOUR
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.    No.  10.   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVE*. It
PBIDAY March «,
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with the new Improved motor. Plnys-nil records
und reproducOH perfectly- In spile of this low price
we sffer extrnmely EASY TERMS.
A full linn of Edition, Columbia and Apex Records in stock.
TOWNLEY & WARD, LTD.
443 Hastings Street West
Near Richards Phone Sey. 2444
Timely Topics
Working for Peace?
'ruiANCE plans air base to dominate
English channel So reads some
scare headlines in.the daily press. If
this press would devote one half as
much space in an endeavor to promote peace and geod will among nations, as It does to printing such news
as this, peace might become a reality.
We wouldn't doubt if this is propaganda put out by some British airplane manufacturing concern, in an
effort to stimulate its own business.
It would be quite in keeping with
their principles, we are sure.
* • •
Hnrhquakes..
Even Canada, ln all her glory, is
not immune from even these. Perhaps Qod, In Hia wisdom, feels compelled to adopt some more drastic
means of bringing Canadians to realize that life an this sphere ls but
transient at its best and that t'were
better that all should be reasonably
happy, than a few should enjoy all
the good things of this life, while the
many struggle along ln misery.
•'■■  •'.;*
Premier Talks Plainly.
"You He," shouts "Honest John" to
the Doukhobors. Those words seem
to come to him very readily. Whon
one Is so ready to accuse thc other
fellow of lying, we must be on our
guard. The psychological interpretation, we might add, reflects more on
the one who shouts It than on those
who listen ta it, or who may be accused.    John, g« easy, we may have
te   leave  aft! your  acquired  title
good, after such utterances!
•    *    *
Cannibalism .
Cannibalism rife in Guinea! We
never did like cannibalism in any
form, let alone the crude form adopted, according to press reports, ln
Guinea. Wo see many parasites ln
our own land that serve to remind
us very much of cannibals. They
may not eat the flesh or drink the
blood of other human beings, but,
nevertheless, they live as they do, ln
ease and luxury because multitudes
are oh the verge of destitution; yes,
and many of them die, as the result,
Wo are just a littlo perplexed in our
own minds as to which form of can-
nibalism is the worst.
**    •    *
C«Mps May Shut Down!
Just when we were thinking that
the opening up of the logging camps
would help to solve the unemployment problem we were struck by the
notice appearing In the dally press, to
the effect that there was a marked
surplus of logs on the market. In
fact, we are informed that the market
is glutted. Camps may be closed for
sixty dnys as the result. How long
are the unemployed going to stand
for being thus hoodwinked day after
day, month after month, and year
after year.
J. S. Woodsworth
(Continued  from  page  1)
the wur, and still we hear about bad
times, still we are bearing enormous
burdens.
I have spoken of our enormous
wur debts. What ubout the cost of
government? The cost of federal
government, from the latest figures
available for lust yeur, was $424,645,-
217. The cost of the provincial governments was 5130,887,303. The cost
of municipal governments was $247,-
_.r.r.,:. 4",. These make a grand total
of $802,787,805. That Is $89 per
capita on an estimated population of
9,000,000, or $445 of an average annual charge for a family of five.
These are some of the enormous burdens which we are carrying at the
present day. It may be of interest
to note, by the way, that if the figures of the Bankers' Trust Company
are correct, and comparing those
with tho figures which I have just
now given, it would seem as If one-
third of the average Incomo goos to
keeping up tho governments of the
eountry.
Lust night the prime minister quoted Mr. R. S. White, in tho Commercial and Financial Review of the past
year, Mr. White says ln a passage
not quoted:
On November 30th the funded debt
of the Dominion was $2,593,000,000,
of which no less thun $1,929,000,000,
or upwards of 70 per cent., Is payable
in Canada. Approximately $100,000,-
000 of interest on debt Is being paid
annually to Canadian bondholders.
That is, the war had this effect:
it transferred the wealth of this
country into the hands of a very
small group of people, or perhaps, to
put it a little more accurately, put
into the hands of a little group of
people mortgages on the entire
wealth of Canada. The result Is that
today a comparatively small group of
people ls receiving an annual tribute
from the rest of the citizens of Canada of $100,000,000 per year. Further than that, of this enormous tribute, over one-half is tax free.
Mr. LANCTOT: That is worse.
Mr. WOODSWORTH: Much worse.
That Is the thing to which we need
to pay attention. That is the situation with regard to our internal affairs,
(To be continued.)
MEANDERING*
Stage Children
Manitoba's child-welfare act, passed in 1922, forbids the public appearance of children under 10 as
performers on stage or platform. The
act became operative last- September-
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of Tlie Federatlonlsi
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not takr
much effort to do this.   Try tt.
Crippled Children
North Carolina has made a census
of its crippled children, finding 700
in the state, and is establishing local
clinics to help those who live in rural
districts, often far from hospitals and
a long distance from good roads or
railroads.
If it Is in the best interests of the
workers, The Federationist Is for it,
If not, It Is against it. . -
THE SCABBY
Post-Intelligencer
UNWORTHY OF SUPPORT
DESPITE strenuous efforts to make it appear that the strike
is settled, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer is still produced by
scabs imported last year to take the place of Union Mailers,
Printers and Stereotypers who refused to accept less wages and
longer hours than their brothers are paid on all other Seattle
newspapers.
Don't be misled by Post-Intelligencer advertisements appearing in any daily newspaper. Their advertisements are merely part of an effort to bunk people into supporting the nonunion sheet.
Decreasing circulation and advertising patronage has caused the Seattle Post-Intelligencer to resort to "Circulation Contests" in a vain attempt to regain lost prestige and good will.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer Is Unfair to:
Washington State Federation of Labor.
Central Labor Council of Seattlo and vicinity.
All other Central Labor Councils of the State of Washington, as
well as every local Trade Union that has been requested to
act.
Seattle Mailers' Union No. 32.
Seattle Stereotypers' and Electrotypers' Union No. 65.
Seattle Typographical Union No. 202.
DEFENCE COMMITTEE ; "
Mailers1 Union No. 32.
Stereotypers' and Electrotypers' Union No. 65.
Typographical Union No. 202.
[By Our Peripatetic Pagan]
pENERAL MACCREADY, a lew
days since, unveiled a tablet memorial in Rouen cathedral to the dead
of the British Empire, who fell in the
Great War. Tiie legend, inscribed in
French and English reads: "To ths
Glory of God and to the memory of
the million dead of the Brit sh Empire who fell In tiie Great War," etc.
Why, In the name of suffering humanity, to the Glory of God? Does
the Almighty need a million dead to
bo glorified thereby. No. a thousand
timesl That tablet should read: "To
the memory of a million brave lads
who were sacrificed to tlie god mammon, to the profit of capitalists and
to the greed of land-owners, food-
gambling sharks and all tho othor
gangs; parasites on the backs of tho
people."
«    *    »
All praise to the Bishop of South
worth; A few days since, he re
minded London that 081,000 human
beings are living in its streets under
slum conditions, lt means that not
only overcrowding, but dirt, vermin,
diseuse, is the lot of these poor victims of the present awful system; it
means that for them, they can never
know a home until conditions are
ruthlessly changed. This in London
—then think of similar conditions
nail the other big cities nnd towns.
Wake up, brother socialists, there is
big work to be done.
* *    *
Another item from the old burgh.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Bourchier (well-
known to the iheate-goers us Violet
Vanbrugh) the proprietors of the
Strand theatre have with splendid
generosity given lhe socialists use of
their theatre, with heal, light and
lavish decoration, for a series of Sunday evening meetings. Of course
Arthur Bourchier has been severely
criticised by the capitalist press for
allowing dramatic art to be used as
a "decoy" to "political proselytlsa-!
tlon." I
* »    *
In his vigorous reply to the "Morning Post" he says, "Dramatic art is to
be used not to advertise socialism but
to express it. Socialism stands for the
highest cultural and spiritual life, as
well as for material well-being, and
It is natural for socialists to express
their ideals through dramatic anp
musical beauty. Any informed person will tell you that the problem of
the Strand theatre will be not to
get people there, but to keop them
away. Without any musical or dramatic items, well-known Socialist
speakers would fill the hull twice
over."
* *    *
There was a fine passage in C. P.
Trevelyan's speech last Sunday Indicating the purpose of the meeting.
"We are at war with poverty," ho
said, "but our quarrel with poverty,
Is very much more that it cramps the
spirit than that it starves the body.*
He urged that the State should promote drama, music, painting, sculpture, and all the arts. "We must
havo not only national schools, but a
national theatre, a national drama,
and a national opera."
* •    •
Clifford Allen, from the chair, said
that the best way to thank Mr. and
Mrs. Bourchier for the gift of the
theatre was to use it to express an
all-round Socialism. They wished to
show that socialism' meant not only
an economic policy but a way of life.
If socialism meant only a series of
politicnl proposals, socialists would
probably abuse power as much as
their predecessors. Socialism must
affect their hearts as well as their
minds. It was at once both the scientific remedy for the evils of the world.
and the expression of the idealistic
human spirit."    Fine!
* *    *
Of course, only thc capitalist and
your ruling classes nre the true patriots! He who questions things is,
of course, iii leugue with the enemy.
This clipping from the "Manchester
Guardian," Jan. 12, 1925. fs well
worth digesting: "Sir Leo Chlozza
Money says that in tho summer of
1916, 'I wns ln fact successful In preventing our own siege stores of food
from being callously and wickedly
re-exported to neutrals for re-sale to
the enomy—a national scandal which
slill awaits full exposure.'" Why is
this scandal being covered up? Who
aro the patriot capitalists? Sweet
reading, is it not?
* *    *
John Sourr wants to know "Whither wo are drifting," and prefaces a
powerful article by saying, "Foreign
policy Is a romantic Illusion." We
would prefer to cnll it something
stronger. Wo talk of nations and
honor and pence and war, and all
the rest of it, with great solemnity.
The fact remains, that we are all
marionettes, Including our foreign
ministers, who danco as the strings
arc pulled by powerful financial anil
Industrial capitalists. If thoy quarrel, thc nations fight at their bidding;
if they agree, the nations are at peace
and we fondly hope the millenium litis
arrived. So, comrados, In good times
and bad be wary and watch out.
Birth Control
(Continued from Page 1)
A correspondent sends a fow caustic words prompted by a reference
In our columns of February 13. headed "United Slates Farmers Advised."
Tho advico given is from their department of Agriculture on the outlook for 19215, and Is tantamount to
this, not to sot more wheat than in
1924, In order to avoid a glut, and a
consequent break In high prices.
"Now," reasons our correspondent,
"thnt appears to my thinking nothing
but the old schemo of low supplies
und high prices, nnd the snmo old
game   of   gambling   In   grain    .    .    .
creation, intellectual development, in
other words accepting a low standard
of living, or otherwise producing
wealth producers at the cheapest pos
sible cost.
Statement — That contraceptives
used in the home will throw down
the barrier of reserve and modesty.
Tlie doctor is confusing ignoranco
with modesty. The world is full of
ignorance and mock modesty; ignor
ance of the facts of lite, and shame
of ourselves. Is there any shame in
tho animal mating? Did the doctor
ever hear the call of the lark to his
male; it is the most beautiful music
in the world. There is a big difference between the birds of the air, the
beasts of the Jungle, and the human
mothers. With tho latter is It hard
work, sucrit'ico, plain food, and struggle, "so that her childron may become
splendid specimens of humanity?" Oh,
no, but that they may bo employed
cheap so that profits may be made
and that they may fill the bread and
battlo lines.
Statement—That, no doubt, the
knowledge of contraceptives is responsible for the Increase of Illegitimacy.
How illegtlmacy can be a
product of contraceptive knowledge,
the doctor does not explain. But there
Is, no doubt, that illegitimacy Is a
product of the present social system,
which denies the means of life to
many, and prohibits them from mating according to convention.
We cannot hope to manage a world
of humans on fairy-tales, translated
from dead languages, nor hope tu
cover up the perverting of human
nature with creeds of "thou shalt
nots." If the doctor would cast his
eyes over the world today, he would
discover that the emblem of secrifice
and submission is being thrust aside
and its place Is being taken by the
star of knowledge.
The doctor talks glibly of children
to pray for. "Did he, or any of his
profession, when millions of men were
being returned to civil life from the
hell of the world war, make it their
business to see that these men were
fit to reproduce their kind?" Oh,
yes, I know there was a superficial
examination; but the vile thing called
war, nevertheless, left its mark. Did
the doctor and clergy hear millions
of prayers raised to the high heavens
from the hearts of women, who asked
not to be called upon to bring forth
children into the hell they had endured and were enduring, and will endure, until their dying days? The
only answer to their prayers was the
old curse of the ages, "in sorrow shall
thou bring forth children,"
And while premature children,
dead children, and abortions, were,
and are, the order of the day, the
medical doctor looks wise, and pre
sents his bill, and the parson recites
again the oppressor's creed, sacrifice
and submission.
The statement that the reforms of
our times is the way to solve the
problem. Reforms solve nothing
they do not begin to handle the economic problem, neither do they help
human relations. Multitudes of chil
dren are being turned out from the
schools and are being denied an op
portunlty to earn their living. Multitudes of men are being turned adrift
from industry, because they cannot
produce a profit for their empoyers.
The only way to sqlve the problem
Is for the people to take control of
their own lives, and they are making
attempts to do so. Last May, ten
thousand women marched In one city
In the British Ises, protesting against
their poverty. At a by-election in
Dundee the candidate was returned
with over 12,000 of a majority. He
stood on a straight platform for the
abolition of poverty, and the people
who are suffering from the curse returned him to the house of commons.
Would the medical doctors and the
clergy want their wives to have hard
work, plain fare, unsightly surroundings, or even do the hard work of
some other woman while heavy on
thcir feet with child. No; they do not
want that. Very well then; what ia
not good enough for the wives of the
medical doctors and clergymen Is not
good enough for the wife of any other
man.
If Dr. Heargerty Is a married man
and objects to his wife suffering from
grinding poverty which ho thinks Is
good enough for others, then let him
shut his mouth for evor more on tho
birth-control question. When his social conscience develops to the extent
that he will want to attack the cause
of poverty then.we will listen to what
he has got to say with respect. If he
is u single man, he has no right, In
the first placo, to disucss the question,
unless he is prepared to prove that
all is well with tho world under existing conditions.
There Is one thing quite evident,
that birth-control knowledge will he
given to the mnny, and good- control
will bo taken from the hands of the
few, for, as one social worker puts
it, the hand that rocks the cradle
cannot rule the world If the means of
life nre controlled hy trusts and
combines.
Pictures Show Workings of Educational System From Kindergarten to High School.
For the first time In the history
of education, motion pictures of a
large city school system were shown
recently at Cincinnati, Ohio, by Superintendent Nugent of Jersey City
schools. Tho pictures showed the
workings of the educational system
from the kindergarten through to the
high school, several months and nearly $7000 having gone Into the making
of the eight reels. Aa Mr. Nugent
explained, the pictures have been valuable in showing taxpayers 60 year
old school buildings in contrnst with
modern up-to-date structures, aidlng-
greatly in organizing public sentiment
bohind a school  building program.
Menace to Canada
(Continued from page 1)
The Federationist fs out to hell
the workers. There ls no nobler
work. Join us In the fight. Get
your friends to subscribe.
ind   do  something   to   stop   it  all."
Quite so, we are alwa'ys harping on
that particular string,  why not?    A
etter,   clearer  International   scheme
nd united action would soon do It!
Friday,    March     0,    your    weekly
"Fod"  day;  say,  lt will  be a great
3ay whon we can have our socialist
Nover mind about the peoplo's needs.! paper overy dny!   Why not soon?
Why  don't   tho   workers   tho   world	
over soo thro' these devilish schemes'Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
All othor Seuttle papers are observing tho hours granted the unions
more than thirteen yoars ago, and
have granted the new rato of wages
since January 1, 1924. The proposal
for a settlement failed to provido for
tho return of the striking stereotypers and maHors with the printers—
ull of the latter were not to be taken
back. The alleged "settlement" carried a refusal to pay back pay at tho
new rate for the first five months of
1024, during which time the crafts
now on striko were employed on the
Post-Intelligencer. This offer was so
outrageous that it was rejected by a
vote of 166 to 2, in the meeting of
tbe union at which It was presented.
Circulation losses of the non-union
Post-Intelligencer have caused It to
resort to the old and discarded method of "prize contests" to add names
to its dwindling subscription lists. This
method has been condemned by the
official circulation rating bureau
which reports all newspaper circulation to advertisers, and It Is certain
that a paper of the previous high
standing of tho Post-Intelligencer
would not resort to it except as a last
desperate attempt to avoid clrcula
tlon bankruptcy, as well as telling
prospective subscribers and adverthr
ers that the "trouble" with the mnil
ers, printers and stereotypers is set'
tied.
In order to offset this falsehood
the crafts involved havo renewed
thoir activities, not only through new
and advertising columns, but through
visits of committees Jto union and
central labor body meetings.
It would be a sorry day for B. C.
were millionaire concerns like
Hearst's publications to get a foothold in this province. It is to be
hoped that renders will make a note
of the aforementioned fncts and act
accordingly.
We Are Now  Selling the
ORIGINAL   NANAIMO-
WELLINGTON
COAL
From tlie old WAKESIAH
SEAM. This coal is far
superior to any mined on
Vanoouver Island today,
having More Heat, Less
Ash, and contains No Bock,
No Shale and No Clinkers.
If this coal is not satisfactory in every respect your
money will be cheerfully refunded.
A Trial Will Convince
Every Consumer
ALL WHITE HELP
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
©44 BEACH AVE.
Phone Sey. 7137
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist
ran render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do tills.   Try lt.
TENDERS FOB SHOES
THE UNDERSIGNED will recoivo tondora
up to 12 o'clock noon, Wednesdny, the
llth dny of March, 1925, for tho supply of
npproxinintely 200 pairs shoos for Police
Department. Sample to accompany tender.
JAMES  STUART,
Purchasing  Agont.
THE UNEMPLOYED OF
SOUTH VANCOUVER
TMrORTANT business is to be discussed at our next Tuesday's weekly meeting at the municipal hall,
Forty-third avenue and Fraser street.
The work on sewers Is starting up ln
a week or two, and we hope the unemployed mny get a fair share of the
extra work. If we get the distribution of this work, we will see that
the most deserving nnd distressed
cases get their share. Unemployed
should attend these meetings, and get
registered for work in good time. The
sum of $160,000 is to be spent on day
labor, and experienced men on sewer
work will be required.
Our delegaes are waiting upon the
reeve nnd council and hope to get
our organization recognized and the
work distributed by the organized unemployed.—E. D. Brewer, Secretary,
4854 James street, South Vancouver.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time, is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so yon
spread tlie news of the working class
movement and assist ns.
DR.   FORSYTHE,   PALMER   GRADUATE
Chiropractor, 709 Dnnsmnir St.; 10 till 0.
Sey. 6798, Evgs. by appt; Sundays, 8 till 4.
GImui not preaerlbed *ntMS
abaohiteIr mcccMHuvj. Kxtiral-
aatlons made by gradual*
eyeMlgfct apeclallat,
Bntlj.rac._lon Kiiamateed.
We crlitd oar own lenaea and
do repairing. Leunea duplicated by  mill*
PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE
rurnierlj    lirowb   Optical
novae
Be  anre   of   tha   addreeat
Above    Woolworth'*    Stor*
near   Granville
■alte   S0,    Devi*    Chamber*
SIS   IlaaUnca   St. W.
Phone  Sey.  1671
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP    THB    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS   AT  THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
OOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sole at all Government Liquor Stores
Thlo advertisement ls not published or display** by th* Llunor Control Bonrd or
by th* Govornmont of British Columbia
Fresh  Out Flowers, Funeral  Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bnlbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
4—STORES—*
48 Hasting, Street East Soy. 988-672    666 Oran-rtllo Street Sey. 8519-1391
161 Hastings Stroet West. Soy. 1370    1017 Georgia Street West Soy. 74111
"SAY IT WITH FLOWEES"
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
^ McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week. '
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399

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