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British Columbia Federationist Feb 9, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        ^pouncA-. unity: v_cto»t
12.60 PER YEAB
Unemployed Conference To
Seek the Aid of
IHE Trades
Tim    Buck   of   Toronto
Addresses Local
Resolutions Are to Be Sent
to All Trade Union
Thfe unemployed conference, held tn
the City Hall on February 1, was well
attended, there being twenty-four organizations represented, by 64 delegates, and the first half-hour of the
Jrnpfvtlng was given up to the earnest
discussion of the local situation.
During this discussion, the need for
co-operation between the organized
and unorganized workers -to prevent
the employers using the misery ofthe
unemployed workers to further reduce
the standard of living, was emphasized. The lack of general knowledge
of the situation was also dealt with,
and the necessity of the Trades and
Labor Council and the trade unions
being more active was pressed, as the
committee of twenty-flve had not
been as successful , as some had
-thought it would be when organized,
Scores Government
The Provincial government for not
assisting tho unemployed, was scored
by Tom Richardson, while a delegate
from the Painters Union stated that
the City Council was exploiting the
unemployed by booking men at the
relief office at 40 cents por hour.
Dealing with unemployment
n permanent stato of affairs was also
urged, and tho necessity of the greatest effort on the part of the workers
as a class to prevent the further lowering of tho standard of living of the
workers was forcibly expressed.
The following resolutions were then
"That all trade unions and the
Trades and Labor Council be requested to place the government work at
the University sito on tho unfair Hst,
and to protest against the thirty-five
cents per hour now being paid, and to
advise their members of these facts.
Wnnt Minimum Wage
"That the minimum wage on all
government work be increased to fifty
conts per hour for ull unskilled work
"That the  Vancouver  Trades  and
Labor Council be asked to undertake
(Continued on page 2)
and Labor Council Will Join with NEW
&,♦■»<«   ******   ****** **«**«   ****** ******
Unemployed Body to Deal with Local Situation
Scores Idea of Secession
From Present
Tim Buck of To-ohto, eecretary of
the Canadian branch of the Trade.
Union Educational Leageu, addressed
a large meeting in the W. P. Hall on
Sunday last, his theme was, "Amalgamation or Annihilation."
In opening, the speaker pointed out
that this was not only a question for
the railroad workers, but for all members of. organized labor, but that the
amalgamation of the railroad trades
would make it one of the strongest
units of. the Labor movement.
The speaker made special reference
to the interlocking directorates of the
Canadian Pacific Railroad, and the
Bank of ..Montreal; and showed how
big business was in control of the industries of the country.
Eye-witness Recounts How Worker Was Killed at Point Grey—UnemployedJ)elega-
tion Urges Trade Union Activity—Three Organizations Apply for Affiliation
—Central Labor Body Holds Busy and Interesting Session
THE death of a worker, and injuries to others engaged in the clearing of the University of British
Columbia site at Point Grey, and the unemployment situation, was brought very forcibly to the
attention of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council on Tuesday evening, by a large delegation
whieh asked permission to address the council.
Three members of the delegation addressed the council, one an eye witness to the accident which
caused the death of Archie Campbell, and injured several other men who were struck by flying fragments while eating their lunches in what was suppose-} to be thc safety zones. Not a member of the
council was unmoved when A, G. Pope recounted the story of this tragic ending of a British war
eteran, who had only three weeks before been rejoined by his wife from the Old Land.
The recounting of the conditions under whieh the unemployed were suffering also caused the council
considerable concern, when the fact was pointed out that the unemployed Who are now being hired
by the government at thirty-five cents per hour, were a menace to the standard of wages of the or-
f went oft, and the part of the stumpf Point Grey U. B. C. site, and that the
struck him and split his skull. "" " ""-'
National Boundary  lines
Are Crossed by
All Free Republics Unite to
Present Front to       '
Members of Unioa Act as
Pallbearears; President
Also Attends
Mt Tho funeral oC Arthur Wardule,
member of tho Longshoremen's Association, whose death was announced
In last week's Fedorationist, was held
last Monday at Mountain View cemetery.
The following acted as pall-bearers:
E. J. Balnes, F. J. Walker, J, Shlmen,
H. McRoberts and J. Thompson of the
W> Longshoremen's   Union,   (*nd   A.   S.
Tho president of the Longshoremen's Union, W. A, Pritchard, was
also present, as woll ns many other
members of tho organization, and
large number of friends. The floral
tributes were muny, and tlie respect
with which the deceased was regardod
in the ranks of organized Labor wub
shown by the numbor of trados unionists who attended.
Craft Unions
Referring to craft unions, the
speaker showed how that these organizations functioned when industry was
In its toddling clothes. Hs also in-
stanced how in Great Britain many
organizations have amalgamated, and
stated that in everything but the let
ter, the workers are amalgamated in
the building trades.
The secessionists were next dealt
with, the folly of such movements being pointed out, and the I. W. W. was
used as an illustration, but the speaker
pointed out that the lack of amalgamation mado tho secessionists that
much more a danger, and that as amalgamation was the natural course of
events, the dual unionists wero not
following the logical course of events.
The amalgamation of the Metal
Trades ln Germany was cited as an
example, where 1,600,000 men and
women were in the one organization,
which covered everything from the
making of watches to locomotives.
Work Necessary
Referring to the difficulties of
bringing about amalgamation, the
speakor pointed out that barriers had
been erected around the craft organizations, nnd that solidarity coitld only
be secrued by painstaking work. In
this connection, the speakor referred
to the effect of the move for amalgamation' in the Maintenance-of-Way
Employees convention, but at the same
time demonstrated that the millions of
dollars spent on the American continent in tabor conventions was a crime
as the spending of this money would
not place any more clothes on the
backs of the workers' children, and
give them more bread and butter.
Frank McKenna and R. Hewitt, International representatives of tho Brotherhood of Railway Carmen, were
present, and each took the floor to express their views, the former admitting the necessity of amalgamation,
but at the sume time pointing out the
difficulties in the way. R. Hewitt took
the stand that amalgamation wns not
merely a step In the right direction,
hut a vital necessity. at the present
An Illuminating point was brought
out by Prank McKenna, when he
pointed out that while there was a
certain 'apathy on the prniries, the
railroad workers of the East were
rapidly moving to the left.
ganized workers of the city.
Previous to the delegation addressing the council, a communication from j
the unemployed conference commit- \
tee, calling on the council for aid, had
been read, but as soon as the delegation was announced, it was admitted,
and the speakers heard.
J. Woods, a member of the unemployed workers' executive, was the
flrst speaker. In opening, thiB speaker pointed out that the unemployed
situation was one which spoke for
itself, and all the eloquence he could
use could not be* more effective than
the actual conditions. Continuing, he
stated that he hoped the council would
attend the next meeting of the conference committee as requested, and
then action could be taken much
quicker than it had in the past. Dealing with the men unemployed, he
stated that their conditions was as
much the concern of the organized, as
it wns of the unorganized, and as the
unorganized ' needed the aid of the
trade unions, so the organized workers need the help of the unorganized
in maintaining the standard of living
of the workers. He also stnted that
It was the desire of the organization
he represented to stage demonstrations and parades.
J. H. Greenwood, another speaker,
referred to the conditions of vthe job~at
Point Grey; how men had to get up in
the morning while still dark, and return home after sunset, and that the
men wero trained to do the work in a
most primitive manner in the most
efficient way, and In order to do tljls,
lt was necessary to endanger the Hvob
of the men on the Job, who, wore
working for the sum of $2.80 per day.
Point Groy Tragedy
A. G. Pope, the next speaker, stated
that he waa an electrician by trade
and that tho explosion which had
killed one man and injured others, was
not a premature explosion, but a shot|
flred when the men were supposed to,
be at the furthest point of the danger
zone; that the charge was fired by a
fuse, and that lf the explosion had
been a premature one, then the man
who flred the shot would have been
the one to meet his death, whereas tt
was a man who was eating his lunch
In what he considered was a place of
safety, who wns sent to his doom.
Continuing, the speaker, in graphic
language showed how Campbell met
his denth. He stated that as the deceased, who had been through the
wnr, was short-sighted, and hnd said:'
"Tell me when anything Is coming, as
I am sure to get It." All the men
were grouped together when the shot
Not Relief Work
Delegate Dobson, another speaker,
stated that he had been told that the
work at the Point Gr-Iy site was not
relief work, but government work,
and that It took a man twelve hours
to get In eight hours''work. He also
stated that tt had been said that the
unemployed were not wanting work,
but they had demonstrated that they
wore willing to work in orHer to provide the necessities of life for their
It was then moved that the council
appoint a committee to attend the inquest and report to the next meeting
of the council. The motion carried,
and Delegates J3alway, Bengough and
Midgley were appointed.
Secretary Bengough at this point,
raised the question as to whether the
work at Point Grey was relief work
or not, as the men were hired at the
Government Employment offices to do
government work, and suggested that
a letter frojm Attorney General Man-
son, previously read at the meeting,
intimating that this work was purely
relief work, should be again dealt
with, as it had been flled. The suggestion was acted upon, and a motion to
the following effect was adopted
"That-this council again reiterates Its
objection to the low wages paid on the
U.S. WOR Gil
Building Permits
Fob. 1—2907 Cliui-loM St., __,• Stanley, dwelling, *1_00; 1571 Pender 13.,
[ Horondnlo Furniture Ltd., warehouso,
11500; 2156—14th Avo West, Mill Cut
■ Homos Co., dW-lllhfc *.2000; 2150—8th
. Ave. Wost, E. W. Full, storo and suites,
(2500; 568 Cambie, Lalunde & Clough,
laundry, (1200.
Feb. 2—914 Klngsway, F. P. Rogers,
machine shop, (2000.
Feb. ,1—2331 Parker, Campboll &
Hodgson, dwelling, $2500.
Feb. 5-r-8 Water Street, Geo. Robinson, meat coolor, $1700; 3145—8th
Ave. West, A. Canghlin, dwelling,
$2000; 405—8th Avo. West, Frnsor
Valley Dairies, alterations, $2600
36$5—5th Avo. West, L. B. Fraser,
dwelling:, $3750; 2320 Alma Road, L.
B. Fraser, dwelling, $3000.
Feb. 6—1226—llth Ave. West, B.
Sleeman, apartment, $8000; 3250—7th
Avo. West, G. K. Brown; dwelling,
$3000; 2515 Cornwall St., W. F. Goading, dwelling, $8000; 1171-73 Granville, Baynes & Howie, storo, $4000;
. 740—12th Ave. East, T. A. Morris,
dwelling, $2000.
Villon Label Dance
The Union Lnbel committee will
hold a whist drive nnd danee ln tho
Alexandra Pavilion on Feb. 16, theatrl
cut trades participating. Good prizes
and lots of refreshments will bo provided. Koep this date open. Tickets
can be secured at the Labor Temple,
or.from any of tho committoe.
Says  They  Are  Ignorant
of Widespread
Timms Signs Up
After a strike which has lasted since
May of  1821,   A.  H.  Timms,  printor,
of Mth  Ave,   hns signed  the agreement with tho Typographical union.
Pll-'drivers Moving
The Piledrivers and Wooden Bridge-
men have decidod to change thoir
ft headquarters. Aftrjr February fl, this
organization will be located over tho
Boaver poolroom, at 112 Hastings
Street West. In addition to office accommodation, a reading room Is being
provided for tho membership.
Union Label Committee
Tho Union Labol cofnmlttoo of tho
,   Vancouver Trados and Labor Council
r'Jmoetfl evory second Thursday ln \*ach
month.   All membors of this committee are requested to note this.
Social Will Be Held on Saturday and Propaganda
on Sunday
Tho Federated Labor Party will hold
a propaganda meeting on Sunday
evening at headquarters, 148 Cordova
Street West. The speakers will bo
Miss Lowe and A. Mclnnis. F. Dolk
will act as chairman. Al! party mombers and friends are invited to attond
this meeting.
Tho last social evening held by the
parly was a most onjoyablo affair, an
excellent concert being provided, and
the party wishes to express its thanks
to thoso who contributed to tho ontor-
tainmont by rendering vocal' or Instrumental numborH, as woll as recitations. The thanks of tho party aro
alao extended to thoso who took charge
and sorved tlm refreshments,,
Tho next social evening will bo held
on Saturday evening, and no efforts
aro "boing spared to make it quito as
onjoyablo an affair as tho previous
ono. All friends and members of tho
parly are invited.
Would Increase Sales Tax
and Reduce Income
[By John Robur]
(Federntcd Press Correspondent
Ottawa—The Canadian sales tax,
wliich it: a sort of internal tariff nnd
is payable on sales of goods with certain exceptions, is boing urged for extension by (he manufacturers, wholesalers and retailors. Whon this tax
was new, they wero strongly opposed
to It, Tbls year they ask parliament
for its continuance and an increase In
It, If more revenue is needed.
Tlio Labor representatives, on the
othor hand, askod for its repeal. Tho
manufacturers nnd dealers have .discovered that they do not pay tho tax,
and so they liko it. Tho workingmen
are learning that they must pay it,
and they arc critical of It.
Another chango In taxation advocated by businoss is the decrease In tho
income tax on corporations. Thoy
also want the tax on cheques to go
back to ihu flat rato of 2 cents, the
samo on the big cheque of $10,000 as
on the little cheque of $10, Tho new
tax on recoipts given for sums over
$10, wblch camo into effoct Jan. 1,
was also condemned by manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers.
Thc Lnbor deputation, headed by
Tom Moore, president Trades and Labor Congress of Canudu, laid stress on
immigration. They welcomed Imml
grants who would go on the land, but
did not want those who would crowd
into the citios. Thoy suggested that
all Labor Imported from outside
should bo prohibited unless brought in
through tbo government employment
agencies. They favored Oriental exclusion. Tho Lnbor deputation asked
for an amendment, to tho criminal
coilo to make clear lhe right of pcuco-
ful picketing.
Among the proposals of wider tfcopo
wero proportional representation, old
age pensions and abolition of tho Canadian Sonato, which is appointor! by
the Dominion government to roprcHent
tlie provinces.
Cannot Educate Men Who
Are Hungry Financiers Are Told
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
New York—Rising from a glittering
banquet table and standing amid
scores of bankers and financiers who
had just applauded the statement that
Wall Street doesn't control the public
utilities and great corporations of America, Dr. Royal S. Copeland, United
States senator-elect from Now York,
brought the assemblage of bankers
stiffly to tho edges of their chairs by
hinting that they themselves were lg*
'nornnt of the extent of discontent in
tho country, and of its causes.
As Dr. Copeland proceeded, tho
faces which a moment beforo had
beamed approvingly upon tho statement thut tlio great masses of poople
were misled by economic quacks, darkened and scowled. This is what thoy
"You don't realize the umount of
discontent there is In this country. It
needs only leadership. I myself could
go out and raise an army whicli would
smash tbo community. So luiig-us this
discontent Is based on criminal tendencies of course I am against It—but
in so far as it is bused on the unreasonable attempts ol' those In authority
to get labor at whatever they want to
pay it, I am heartily in sympathy with
You may talk about 'educating'
the people, but you cannot educate
mon who are hungry. Take the present coal situation. What Ib tho cauBO?
Tho renson is that the coal carrying
railroads havo not mado peace with
their striking shopmen. Tho mon in
high places do not Inform themselves.
"Beforo I said a word about this
matter I sent out my hoalth inspectors. They went to tho outlying coal
regions, and they reported that lho
presont eoal shortage was due to tho
cars standing on the tracks, brokon
down and,. Idle. Then I wrote to tho
President of the United Stales, and-the
answer came back Ihut the Prosidont
had known for a long tipie that tho
cause of the coal short ago was lhat tho
carriers had not kept their obligations!
"This Is not tho timo to flght out an
economic principle, but the only way
tho workingmen havo of getting a
square deal ls by collective bargaining,
I am not in favor of a living wag'    *
attorney general be so notified,
Three Affiliations
While not as important as the unemployed question, one incident of the
council meeting was the application of
three unions for affiliation to the
council. They were Electrical Workers 213 and 310, and the Wood, Wire
and Metal Lathers, All three applications were received, and the localB
admitted, but exception was raised
against one of the Lathers' delegates,
V. R. Mldgley, but after a short discussion, he was admitted by a vote of
22 to 11.
A communication was received from
tho Painters Union, asking the council to suppprt a bylaw calling for the
stripping of all walls in houses or
buildings before being re-papered; and
also the washing off of all kalsomine
before new coats were applied.
Delegate Pettipiece, In supporting
the proposal, stated that if thts wero
done, he was afraid that some of tho
buildings would fall down. The proposal was endorsed, and a letter ordered sent to the City .Council to that
Congress Committee Appointed
A communication from the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, announcing that tho next convention
would be held in Vancouver on the
10th of September, 1923, instead of
August, as in the past two or three
years, was read and referred to the
special committee appointed to deal
with the convention. This committee
was Increased by the addition of the
following delegates: R, P. Pettipiece,
A. Graham, J, Hale, C. Herrett, Mrs.
Mahon, Mrs. Dolk, J. Hay and W.
A letter was received from the C.
P. R. Medical Association, informing
tho council that lt was Impossiblo for
tho secrotary of the organization to
attend the meeting, but that he would
be present at the next one to reply to
the doctors.
The resolutions passed by the unemployed conference committee, and
eforrcd to the council wero then dealt
with, and In view of the council deciding to attend the next meeting of
the conference committee meeting
the first one was tabled, and the others
adopted. Tho resolutions submitted
to the council were as follows:
"That we ask all trade unions and
the Trades and Labor Counclt to place
the government work nt the University site on the unfair list and to pro
(Continued on page 4)
Italians   Who  Landed
Australia Are
Trades    Unions    Protest
Against Flood of
'Rin in favor of a wage which will give
the wortngman a few luxuries and i
chanco to hnvo his children do better.'
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Unemployed Meeting
The platform fit Ihe unemployed
mooting In be hold on Sunday evening
will bo taken by a number nf women,
who have realized Just whnt tills
phase or human society means. Thi
meeting wll! commence at 7:30 p. m.
in the Nationnl theatre.
A. F.   of   L.   Investigator
Makes Report on the
Arkansas Trouble
Washington — Reporting to Prosldent (.lumpers on lhe mobbing of Lalior men in Arkansas, L. \V*. Lowry, ro-
presentative uf lhe A. F. of L., at the
healings ln Little Hock, says:
"Evidence before lhe legislative
committee is positive thai the mob
was brought to Harrison on a special
train provided by the Missouri &
Norlh Arl-UtisiiH Railway* and the mob
or part of them was carried on a
special train lo Ileber Springs. Mayor
Vincent uf Hobor Springs gave active
assistance to the mob, In fact was one
of them. Strikers and thoir friends
woro arrested by armed men, without
process of law, and If they refused to
sign an agreeomnt tn give tip their
union and becomo 100 per cent. American and M. & N. A. Ry.' thoy wore
ordered to leavo . . . then thoy
wore given a 'clearance' signed by the
citizens' committee.
A Mr. Casey, 64 years old, and long
time n merchnnt, hnd a Farmers'
Union card In his window. Some members of tlie mob arested him, beat him
up and took him to the citizens' committee, who Immediately released him,
Instructing iheir guards not to molest
Farmers Union mon for fcatAliat the
farmers would resent It.
Whito county grand jury adjourned and out or 65 Indictments fur felonies only threo were agulnst strikers
•used oT bridge burning."
A copy of the pledge Which strikers
at Hobor Springs were forcod to sign
roads: "I hereby decline to renounce
my strike benefits but ngron lo leave
Hober Springs and any niher country
thrnugh whieh the M. & N. A. Hail
road pusses." Thoso Who signed woro
given a white ribbon to wear ns protection against the mob.
*[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—On the first day of the
new year, 1923, the Russian Socialist
Federated Soviet Republic went out
of existence, and a new federation,
known as the Union of Socialist Soviet
Republics, took its place.
The word Russian Ib omitted from
the title of this great country; it no
longer applies to the Ukraine or the
Caucasus or to the territory known as
White Russia. The name Russia is no
longer to be officially given to the
vast land which reaches from the pole
to the Black Sea.
"Our New Year's present to the proletariat of the world," is what the
newspaper Isvestia calls lt. And the
declaration made by over 3000 assembled delegates makes it quite clear
what kind of a New Year's gift lt ls.
"For each republic is guaranteed the
right of free exit from the union, and
entrance Is also open to all Socialist
Soviet republics, to those existing and
to those that shall arise ln the future."
There were present 1727 delegates
from Russia, 1226 from the Ukraine,
91 from the Caucasus republics, and
33 from While Russia. Tho effective
votes were divided on a basis of population, irrespective of the delegates
present, Russia (including Siberia),
had 1217; Ukraine, 354; the Caucasus,
373, and Whito Russia, 23.
The declaration which precedes the
constitution begins with the statemont
that tlie capitalist world has proved
through decades Incapable of solving
the question of nationality "by com
bining free developments of nations
with the system of exploitation of man
by man," that It has merely led to
more complicated conflicts. But "in
the Soviet camp it has proved possible
to uproot national oppression and lay
the basis for brotherly co-operation of
peoples." Finally, the class character
of the Soviet republic "puts us on tho
road to unity with tho one Socialist,
family." '
With this preliminary the declaration for union ls made, on thc basis
of free and equtfcl republics, uniting to
form a firm front against world capitalism,
The powers reserved to the centrnl
congress of thc union are similar to
those which the H. S. F. S. R. previously exercised, but more definitely
confirmed and guaranteed. They Include foreign relations, war and pence,
finance, rait ways and post and telegraphs, trade and industrial regulations, thc genera] regulations affecting
agriculture and public domain, the
general basic taws on education,
henlth and labor.
The congress meets regularly once
a year, but can be called In extraordinary session by tlie centra! executive
committee, or by the demand of two
republics. One of the most novel features Is that the congress, Instead of
being located in one elty, as In the
United Statos, may meet In any of the
capitals of the various republics, tho
order of rotation being determined by
the central executivo committee.
One feature of tho new constitution
that will interest foreign business men
lies In the provision that nil concessions come under the Jurisdiction Qf
tho central government. Those who
have been dickering with the Caucasian governments will have to take
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Corerepondent)
Sydney, N. 8. W-—Hundreds of
Italian immigrants have landed In
Queensland, Australia. The majority
are without funds and have no work
to go to. . *
They came from Italy expecting '
work'as artisans and farm laborers,
paying their own. passages and exhausting their funds. They say that
the outlook In their own country is
bad, that they heard glowing accounts
of Australia, and thought they would
be alright once they landed,
Thousands more are on the way,
and large numbers bf Greeks and Maltese are also coming to Australia.
Those already In Australia are being
looked after by the governments of I
the States, but steps are being taken
to prevent any more arriving.
Trade unions are protesting against
the ontry of jobless ox-servlco and
other Immigrants from Qreat Britain.
They assert that these men break
down tbe wage level and standard of
living in Australia.
Some of the unions assert there is
an understanding between the anti-
Labor governments and the employors to allow Immigrants for farm work
to be classed us .unskilled workers until such time as they become' "efficient." Naturally. the employors will
see that they do not become efficient
too readily, since once they become
efficient they would have to bo paid
the ruling wage.
The trades union movement of Aus- ,
tralla, through the several State Labor Councils, is sending official statements to the unions and Labor newspapers throughout Great Britain on
the position in Australia, as shown ln
the unemployment figures Issued by
the government.
They complain that while the immigration authorities in England are giving glowing accounts of prosperity In
Australia, the arbitration courts In the
latter country nre working overtime to
increase hours and reduce wages,
while the army of unemployed is
Confession May Show Ho,w
Labor Organizations
Are Terrorized
Open rn.mil
ThO UBUIll forum will In; held un
Sunday, Fob, 11, nt Ih. \V. I'. Hall.
30314 render West, from 3 lo B p.m.
when "Child Wolfaro" will lie llu
Hillijeel tnken up by Mln M. A. Mnc
kendo, li. .v. or id. Unlvoralty oi
M. 0.
I'llHs   'I'he   Federal lolllHt
help i;et  new milmerllierH.
ilonii  and
\V. r. Danco
Workers Party Will hold n
In the Clinton Hall on Saturday
Fob. 10. AdmI._ton, ladle- 2li
Kentn CO centa.   All parly mem
Will  Hold   Another  Open
Meeting on Feb.
the 22nd
Local 844 of the Steam and Operating Engineers, luw been compelled-
owing to the Increase in membership*
to move to larger rooms In the Lnbor
Tomplo, Tliis move wuh found noces-
Hiiry when the meetings becamo ho
well attended that the members were
uncomfortable bac&USe of Uio confined
Tlio policy of holding open meetings
on tho last Thursday of oaho month
will be continued as the last one held
was a "uelcited success from ovory
standpoint New members made application, and tbe results aro still
coming in, as several now applications
havo been secured as a result of thai
meeting. The next open meeting will
lie hold on the 22nd of February, at
310 I'cndor Sheet Wost.
New York—William Llpschiti, on
trial here for thc murder of Benjamin
Lovinsky, broko down Iik court and
admitted the killing, .hi.*. Nutt permitted him to enter a plea of second
degiec murder, by which he will escape the eleotrjc chair, but must goftb
prison for from 20 yearn fo life. Then
be was sent back to (lie Tombs to
await sentence, Plrit) however, judge
Nolt admonished him;
"It is evident thai you killed Levin-
sky for someone olep. 1 know that
someone got you to do it. Think it
ever, and If tbere is any Information
.vou can give to the district attorney,
it will be to your advantage."
If LipachltS gives tho district attorney tbe information be iH believed to
have an to why Lovinsky wan killed,
there may bo an oxpos'0 ol li plot
which will show bow "force and violence" is Introduced into Labor strikes
le poison public opinion against the
Lovinsky WOO a clothing cutter who
carried a union card.   Por weeks prior
lo his murder there had been coming
tn tho offlcos of the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of America demands
from gangsters and gunmen that tbe
union hire them to terrorize employ*
ers (thoro was a strike in progress nt
the time)* The union ignored the offers and tbo veiled throats thai accompanied them. Then came tbo
murder of Levlnsky. It was done,
Amalgamated olllclnls believe, partly
to demotistrnto what the gangsters
could do, but mainly to terrorize tho
union into hiring thom,
It was a movo to install (be gunmen
in t he New York Labor movement,
and Lovinsky is believed io have been
(•elected for tho "demonstration" because, although he had "gone straight"
for five yoars, he had a criminal record prior to that. Tho gangsters
thought tho authorities would lay tho
murder to a personul quarrol, whilo
striking terror to tbo hearts of tiso
unionists. Llpst'lilti. scouih to have
heen selected to do tbo Job because of
his youth. He Is 19 aud looks mueh
J bers and  friends are Invited.
One dollar 'and fifty cents Is tho cost
for a six months' subscription to Thc
-'mI-iii 1-hIh'I Dame
Tho Union Label committee will
hold a whist drive and dance in the
Alexandra Pavilion on Feb. 16, theatrical trades participating! (loud prises
and lots nf refreshments will be provided. Keep this date open. Tickets
can be secured ut the Labor Temple,
or from any of the committee.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Tho Foderntionist, and theu call
around next day lor a subscription. PAOE TWO
fiiteenth yeab. no. 6 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopvbb, b. c.
FRIDAY.....:— gobmary i, IMS   fj
Published evory Friday morning by The B. C. Federationist
Business Offlce:   1188 Howe Street
Editorial   Offloe:    Room   306—319   Fender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. .R.. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
 Clark, Oeorge Bartley.	
Subscription Rate: United States ana Foreign, (3.00 per
.year: Canada, $2.SO per year, $1.50 for six months; to
UnionB subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
Inlty of Labor:  The Hope of the World
...February », ,19-i
The Opportunities of the Workers
in B. C.
THE HON. JOHN OLIVER, premier of the Province of British Columbia, has been credited with
stating during thc last few days, that there are as
good opportunities in this part of the country as
there wero fifty-two years ago. Wc do not know
just what tho honorable gentleman meant by that
statement, but« review of the opportunities at present cxistiag might bo of value to those who are
seeking thorn at this time.
At the moment, wc have in mind the opportunities
which tho men, who in spite of their reluctance to
accept low wages, havo been working at the University siie at Point Grey. Judging from the recent
fatal accident, they have a very good opportunity to
meet death in two ways, one sudden, and the other
a prolonged period of starvation, which must result
in early demise. We do not know whicli is the most
In those days when Honest John was not a premier, but seeking his fortune, the conditions were
somewhat dissimilar to what they arc today. Thc
capitalist system had hot reached that point of development where the farmer could not sell his produce, and the industrial worker could get a job.
But those days are gone for ever.
* *       *
Today, thp worker, is constantly faced with unemployment. It has become a part of his life, and the
farmer is not wit better off, for his products are left
to rot on the ground after he has produced them in
the expectation of a market which does not exist,
and will never be again found.
Therefore, the conditions which made the opportunities for Honest John, are not now existent, in
spite of the words uttered by any so-called statesman or politician, But the opportunities for death
for thc workers have increased. Modern industry,
which has neither soul or feeling, demands its pound
of flesh. It kills and maims hundreds of thousands
every year in the grinding process whioh industry
must adopt in order to live in the days of highly-
developed industry and capitalism.
# »       #
But industrial accidents are not the only terrors
the workers faee. They face a condition where they
are forced; through the stagnation of industry—
whieh is in turn caused by the development of thc
system—by starvation, although working. One example of this is to be found at the Point Grey job.
Eight hours' work, for thirty-five cents per hour,
which brings the worker the gross income of $2.80
per day, without any consideration of car fares, may
look big to a man drawing thousands of dollars per
year, because at onc time he drew the sum of twelve
cents per hour, but possibly thc recipient of the
thousands per ycaf never realized that conditions
have changed in the last fifty years; that a dollar
then would purchase more than it will today, and if
he fails to grasp this point, he should .at least hide
his ignorance behind a wall of silence.
»■ • *
But the workors of this Province who have for
months faced unemployment, and at last have had
to faco both a slow and lingering death by starvation owing to thc wages paid by a "Liberal" government, are also forced to face death from the
manner in wliich the work in which they arc engaged in is carried on. They face death in two
ways; in fact thoy face it three ways. They can
either starve to dnath and refuse to work at the
wages offered, or they ean eke out thcir misery a
little longer by accepting the wages offered, and at
the same time faco a sudden ending to thcir misery
by the explosion of dynamite or some other explosive
used in the work of preparing for thc education of
more men who will uphold the present system. We
would nsk our friend, the premier, whicli he would
chose ? In tho meantime, the death of a poor worker
who nccepted tho meagre wage offered so that he
could food and houso his wife who had recently arrived from thc Old Land, for which he had fought
and b od, has passed to the great beyond, and his
wife i i urns Win loss, and thc future docs not appear
to ofTcr any opportunities for her, in spite of thc
blathciings of much-advertised, but ignorant men,
Has Ontario Slipped It Over British
WHENEVER the worker, the business man, or the
farmer is pressed, he naturally, having been
taught that thero arc good and bad governments,
has a desire to take a whack at thc particular government which is ruling then. In fact, they become
so itnhui'd with this idea, that they arc willing to
accept the nostrums of any political organization,
tliinl* ng that if thoy could only assist in changing
thc nature or thc personnel of the powers which
rule them, lhat all would bo well with tho world,
and i> nspcrity would return to their respective
Thc  s'ogan  in  Canada today is, "More immigrants "   In fact thc pross informed the pooplo of
this country lhat thc govornment of Ontario had
made n _ up; in other words had slipped it all over
tho other provinces.   And how was this done.   Let
thc pre    tell its own story.   It is as follows:
Thi    Ontario   immigration   department has
agn n i liown enterprise and originality and has
mail      brilliant coup in its campaign for emi-
gi."     if quality.   800 young men and women
of       diest Scottish stoek are boing brought
from the Hebrides for work in Ontario; the men
for farm work and tho women for housework.
Their ages are from nineteen to thirty. A representative of the Ontario government is now
in the Hebrides visiting all the islands, and is
delighted with the reception accorded him. He
mot prospective emigrants who had been
brought up in rural life and are accustomed
to all farm activities. Living on bleak Atlantic-swept islands, they are inured against
every hardship and are of magnificent physique.
Even in the most remote settlements of Ontario
the isolation is not greater than on the Hebrides. "Theso people won't be lonely wherever
they may find themselves in Ontario," said
Agent-General Noxon. When the party is completed a ship will call at Stornaway and other
Hebrides ports to embark these emigrants,
which will constitute an event in Scottish history unparalleled since the days of clearances
of the early nineteenth century, which brought
so many Highland settlers to Canada.
Wo hate to think that Ontario has slipped it over
"us"; to imagine that "our government" has heen
remiss in its duties and has let an Eastern province
get all that brawn and muscle for a section of thc
country wliich has in the past bred men who had
thc same type of men and women, and which could
not find a home for them, but eventually peopled
thc Western provinces, and particularly the province of British Columbia; but the thought which is
most uppermost in our mind at this time is, how on
earth they will retain that stamina and' vitality,
whicli they now possess, when they are faced with
conditions of which they know nothing and which
will eventually bring them to the point whero they
are compelled to work for nothing, provide their own
board, and at the same time produce luxuries for
a ruling elass which neither spins nor toils. All wc
ean wish for, is that they maintain their strength
so that they can play their part in the proletarian
movement, and eventually realize that governments
are made to govern, even farmer governments.
The Need for Unity in the Building
ANY central labor body has sufficient business tb
transact at the regular business meetings to
make it difficult to deal in detail with all the questions whicli are raised, some of wheh, in spite of
their importance, are not brought up until the closing minutes of the meetings.
One of these questions was brought up at the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council on Tuesday evening; it was thc question of unity in thc building
The situation in Vancouver, so far as the building
trades is concerned, is none too good. The various
crafts are not combined enough in their efforts.
They are divided, not by the rules of their organization, but by the fact that the membe*",-? are apathetic
and indifferent.
This situation must be remedied. Thc spring is
close on us, and that is tlie season of the year when
thc buildiufg trades workers, either seek to renew
their agreements, or make new ones.
But before there can be Unity between the differ*
ent building trade craft organizations, thc question
of dual unions must be tackled. There can be no
unity between the men in the same craft as long as
they will persist in having in some cases four,
and other cases three locals, which are at loggerheads.
Thc Labor movement in every country is seeking
a way out. Looking for something which will act
in the interests of the workers; seeking amalgamation so that the workers' interests may be conserved
and a united front put up against tho employing
class drive on the standard of living.
But thc workers cannot secure amalgamation of
their forces nationally and later internationally, if
they will persist in being split up locally? and therefore the necessity of the movement in Vancouver, is
to see that tho dual organizations arc done away
with, and the men working in' the one craft all belonging to thc onc organization.
#       #       tf
The next step will be the joining of the organizations in each industry so that local conditions may
be dealt with, and the success of the efforts of the
workers on these lines will all tend to the amalgamation of thc craft organizations into industrial
units. But the local situation must be thc first consideration, and as the building trades unions are at
this time not only divided into craft organizations,
but into several craft unions, thc first step they must
tako is to eliminate the divisions in thcir ranks and
put up a united front, in each craft, the rest will
[By Evelyn Sharp] *
(Federated Press Correspondent)
T..ONDON—The observer reading be-
■H tween the lines of the news that
filters out from the Invaded Ruhr
Province, can discern signs of anxiety
on the part of Premier Poincare, even
signs of nervousness, while it la evident that, as far as reparations go, the
new policy will prove about as success
ful as the old one in getting water out
of a stone.
France may not get reparations.
The refusal of tho German government to allow any more reparation
coal to go Into France and Belgium,
in view of what they not unreasonably
call this breach of tho treaty of Versailles, may deprive her conquerors
even of their deliveries ln kind. But
France can still get what she seems to
want most of all, her revenge.
She can retaliate, as she is In fact
doing, by forbidding the Ruhr to send
coal to other parts of Germany, thus
beginning a policy of attrition that
may end In making German big business disobey its own government and
resume deliveries of coal to the Allies.
She can act upon the hint given already in the Paris Matin and regard
the Ruhr and the Rhlneland as a permanent stake In the place of reparations—a policy that will secure her
revenge on her ancient enemy and
place the French steel kings in a position to dominate Europe.
On all sides come protests from organized labor. Tho courageous demonstrations of the French Communists against the militarist policy of
their government is encouraging as
showing that Poincare has not the
whole of the French people behind
him, though he has acted at once by
arresting the Communist leaders.
The (Amsterdam) International
Federation of Trade UnionB, the general council of organized Labor in
Great Britain, as well as the Independent Labor Party and organizations
such as the miners, have been prompt
in recording their disapproval and
putting forward constructive suggestions for an alternative policy. Labor
in Australia, for Instance, has equally
disassociated itself from thfs policy of
The suggested withdrawal of the
British troops from Cologne has, however, two sides to It. While, as a gesture, it would have been as effective
as the withdrawal of American troops
has been, the German Socialist leaders, approached by H. N. Brallsford,
editor of the Labor weekly, the New
Leader, seems to be unanimously of
the opinion that if the Rritish troops
' The builders are not in so strong a
position with their large numbers of
unemployed, though, with the present
shortage of houses, the payment of
unemployment benefit to building
operatives Ib both an anomaly and a
scandal. But they are resisting even
the suggestion of losing their hard-
won 44-hour week, and as long aa
these two key industries can hold out
It is not so probable that the attempt
wtll be made elsewhere.
The prime minister continues adamant with regard to the demand from
Labor that parliament shall re-assemble before the end of the two months.
A deputation was received by him
from the general council of the Trades
Union Congress, who urged him in the
intorests of the unemployed to call
parliament together before the date
fixed, Feb. 13, bo that it might deal
with the problem. His reply was a
complete refusal, on the ground that
nothing would be gained"by it, since
all the ministers concerned were now
hard at work on schemes for the unemployed, from which they would be
diverted if parliament assembled.
He was quite unmoved, apparently,
by accounts of the destitution of men
and women and children, by assurances such as that given him by Robert Smillie, that if a serious epidemic
were to break out now, "the children
of the working class would die like
Hies because their systems havo been
undermined by lack of food."
Union Label Dance
Bo you want a good time? It so,
attend the label tradeB dance in the
Alexandra Pavilion on Feb. 16. Whist
8:15 p.m,   Dancing 9 p.m. to 2 a.m.
Unemployment Is
Considered Permanent
 (Continued from Page 1) -
the organizing of the women workers
of the city, and to inaugurate a campaign for this purpose at once."
It was also decided that the confer*
ence should reconvene to consider
ways and means of establishing the
minimum rate of pay on government
works, and matters concerning the un
employed workers of Vancouver, and
that the Trades and Labor Council be
invited lo attend in a body and work
tn conjunction with the unemployed
conference committee.
A resolution calling on the student
body of tho U. B. C. to endorse the
stand  taken   by the  unemployed   in
wero  withdrawn  at thiB crisis Ger- _ their endeavors to securo the standard
While children are starving in the midst of plenty,
mothers are bringing children into the world, and
realize that they will never be able to give them the
attention which will fit them for the struggle of life
and the opponents of birth control in thcir sanctimonious hypocrisy rave and storm, the front pages of
the daily press on Thursday was filled with "news"
to thc effect that Princess Mary had given birth to
a boy.
Naturally Princess Mary, reared in luxury, surrounded by all that human kind could produce for
her comfort at the time df her life when she became
a mother, will bo filled with thc joy that only a
mother knows when she first sees her offspring. But
what of the millions of children who are born to
misery, their lives blasted from the the day they see
bhe light, and doomed to a living death because of
a system which sends millions of children to their
graves before they have even realized that they have
been denied an existence because of the
civilization whicli makes onc man a slave
and another a king. "We have nothing to
say with respect to Princess Mary, she is no doubt
just what society has made her, just as the rickety
children of the poor are produced by it. But we
do suggest, that the capitalist press in common de-
c ncy should not rub it into the mothers who are
In the British dominions and thc British Isles, who"
ji re denied thc right to give their children the necessities of life.
many would be left completely at the
mercy of the French,
The industrial situation here has
been sharpened by the rumor, appar
ently well founded, of a general attack
by employers upon hours of labor.
When the attack upon wages was first
foreshadowed hy the Dally Herald
here, capitalists and capitalist news<
papers everywhere indignantly denied
its truth. But It came true enough in
the course of the next few months,
and wages everywhere have gone
down as a consequence of the helplessness of the workers, faced by unemployment.
Now a similar attack upon hours is
being initiated by employers in the
building trades and in the mines, the
former threatening an increase in the
44-hour week and the latter insisting
that the increased demand for export
coal, owing to the Ruhr situation,
must entail the giving up of the seven-
hour shift. These attacks will be resisted, probably with success in the
mines were, as Frank Hodges astutely points out, French policy in the
Ruhr will ln the end damage rather
than Improve the exportation of British coal, since France will either succeed ln getting German coal by force
or, falling this, will have so sent down
the value of the franc that she will
not be able to buy our coal at an economic price. Besides, a six-hour day
is promised to our miners as soon as
their output reaches a certain flgure,
which it can do, according to Hodges,
so soon as all the unemployed are
again absorbed; It Is not therefore
likely that an eight-hour day would
be adopted under any circumstances.
At Uie Orpheum
At the Orpheum theatre next week,
the much talked-of playlet, "Batty,"
will be found among the several features listed for this popua palce of
amusement. Jessie Busley will be seen
in the role of a servant girl, and that
Information alone should be enough to
convince each patron as to ita merits.
"Batty," ns most people may guess,
has something to do with a great stage
success, being described as "a terrible
result of a mystery play." • It is an
uproarious travesty on a mystery play,
Itself mysteriously constructed, and is
just one laugh after another.
To those familiar with the now famous stage play, this burlesque, or travesty, will prove doubly amusing, while
to those who have not seen the stage
success will flnd plenty of merriment
ln the cleverly written situation so
ably brought out by the clever Jessie
rate of pay on the university site, was
passed and a delegation appointed to
place the views of the meeting before
the students.
Other matters dealt with were:
the demand for single men to have
relief work without discrimination;
that unemployed workers should join
the Lumber Workers Union, and that
a bulletin should be issued and distributed notifying the workers in all
crafts and branches of industry of the
decisions of the meeting. The next
meeting to which the Trades and Labor Council was Invited will -be held
in the Labor Temple, 319 Pender
Street West, on the 16th of the month.
Union Label Danco
Union   Label   committee   will
hold a whist drive and dance' In the
Alexandra Pavilion on Feb. 16, theatrical trades participating. Good prizes
and lots of refreshments will be provided. Keep thts date open. Tickets
can be secured at the Labor Temple,
or from any of the committee.
Hand   The   Federatlonist   to   your
shopmate when you are through with
OOM. WED.  EVEN..  FEB.  ltth
Foar Night, and Three Matlnoea
JBgjUB ,BU8J__T Md OO.
Mate: 16o to Ste; NlflU: Me to 11
Tele. amy. _:_0 ud 1:10
Beery Hon. Wed. ud lti E?.___gi
IM HOBNBT ST. Om. Peart Homo
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
Ratea ReuowMe
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Its wear immediately releases all the powers for good and brings that
Joy and bliss, love and plenty, which you have long hoped for and
struggled to obtain.
"Trilokbejoy" or the Mystic Charm
(Conqueror of the Universe)
A Divine Gift' Bought atter for centuries I Recovered by mere accident from
Hie dlneipk- of s Hindu Sage, dweller nf the ■anctiflod, mysterious, snowy hpighti
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and women everywhero acclaim Its potentiality fn realising material expectations,
bringing in prosperity and securing a lover's affection. To be worn as a pendant
or on the arm. Write Name and Address legibly, stating SEX of the intending
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Price.—Encased In copper, Inclusive postage, packing and registration cost, etc., Sl.fio, doz. ¥10; silver $2, doz, 915; gold
91,80, doz. $15.    OA6H WITH ORDER.
Complete Instructions on how to get best results with each charm
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
New Chamoisette
Chamoisette Gauntlets, with wrist strap
and dome; brown, beaver, grey and black,
at $1.25 pair.
Chamoisette Gauntlets, plain or with embroidered cuffs in pongee, brown, beaver
and grey, at $1.75 a pair.
Novelty Chamoisette Gauntlets, with embroidered cuff in pongee, beaver, grey and
black, at $2.25 a pair.
—Dryadale's Glove Shop, First Floor
575 Qranvllle Street
Phone Sey. 3040
[The opinions and ftleas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
Unfair Dances
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir: Referring to an article published ln the
6. C. Federatlonist last Friday, under
the caption "Unfair Dances," I would
like to correct the gentleman who
labels himself "Scotty." I don't know
anything about the Scottish dances
being held in the O'Brien HaU or elsewhere, but I do know this, there are
no unfair dances being held ln the I.
O. O. F. Hall at Sixth and Main
Street. Such reputable musicians as
Dan Morgan, Jack Hyslop and Fred
Parsons will vouch for this. There
has only been one ln three years held
here that was unfair to union labor,
and he eventually lined up. So union
men do not be misled by "Scotty." I
will thank you to give this the publicity It deserves.
I am, respectfully yours,
3404 Sophia Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
Ring np Phone Seymonr 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suil*   SOI   Dominion   Bulldlnf
You may wish to help The Federatlonist. You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending in the subscription ol your friend
or neighbor.
Ladles' Coats, Suits and Dresses
Away Bolow Cost.
Famous SwET
«23  HASTINOS  ST..  Near OlUTlllt
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
-   _01-_0i Metropolitan Bonding
187 Button St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B. O.
Telophonoi: Seymou 6.88 ud 8687
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Blaln Street
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
Office No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Kindling Free
1840 UKANVILLE Hey. __>«
1180 Georgia Strut
Sunday icr-icei, 11 a.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Sunday ichool Immediately following
morning service Wtdnciday leetlmonfe-
meeting, 8 p.m. tree reading room,
901808  Blrkl Bldg.
B. F. Suri-on ,   ' A A. Testy
Phont Falrmoue 68
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone, Highland 90.
Cigar Store
DID you ever "bold the llnet" Th«
Is hold the telephone receiver to yonr
ear (or whit seemed like houn, while
someone yoa had called op looked np
papers or other things to answer yonr
enquiry I
When you are oalled by telephone and
nrait take time to look up something, It
is better to *ny, ' 'I will look it np and
call yon.*'
This little courtesy will not ohly pre*
vent the caller from becoming impatient,
bnt will release both lines for other calls.
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
Hit* yon protected yooreolf and yonr family againat lack RD emergency,
with • SA VINOS ACCOUNT—Iho moit .aluible Allot • mtn on hne lor
the "RAIN- DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND yon to otert inch in ecconnt AT ONCE,
■t one of onr Olty Branch.*
HASTINGS ud SETMOUB Om, 8. Harmon, Manager
Oordon and Abbott Main and 86th Ave. Mala aid Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.8.—It you are living In a eommunlty not provided with Banking fad]Itipr,, ad
dress us by mail, and we will ba glad to glide yon In respect to "Banking by Mall." I'RIDAY. February », 1»2S
fipteboth ybar. no. « BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. a
Upstairs at 653 GRANVILLE STREET
Whist Drives!!!
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421,4490
—Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c Each—
Startling Capitalistic Report as
to Conditions in Coal Mines
in Pennsylvania
[BS. note.—Por years the minera of the United Statea have fought
against all the powers of the ruling clasa to secure aome relief from the
conditions under which they have been compelled to work. Thoy have
been abused and butchered by the hired thugs and gunmen of the companies they bave worked tor, but when the City of New York became
affected by the Btrike, lt was decided to investigate into the shortage,
with the result that conditions were revealed which even made the supporters of the present system recoil In horror. The following is the report
made by the committee appointed by Mayor Hylan, of New York City.]
Vancouver Unions    |
1 'oorjUl-i'-.-.d-nt, B. H. N'-Undl.
I ltL.A.i general iecretary, Peroy B. Bra-
Jongh. OBce: 808, 81» Pender St. W.
■ Rune Bey. MM. MeeU ln Labor!BaU at
I' i Ji. oi tke IM and third Tneadaye
" tn month.         -      .	
-ii Mn.ta   aecond    Honday    in    tne
month.    J--.iid._l, J-„aA,_l'"e..'"W
ttry; R- H. Seelmdl, P. O- Bo« 8«.
Meeto ..cond Thnnday eeery   month,
818 Pender St. W. >'re"d»1V «_!____
weoll; inanelal iecretary, H. A Bo«o_,
2848 Bnrni St. . ;
tional Onion ol America—Local IM,
Tanoonyer, B.C., meeU wound and nut*
Tneadayi in eaoh month in Boom 818, 818
fender Street Weet. J********-.*: *
Herrett. II Hutlngi. Bt., JS. .. _""S*__!
A. B. Ji-i, 880 Oambie Bt. J_«V _*»*_•
Beg. 8708. Bclldence phone, Dong. -17-B.
BoU.n_.-m,   Iron   WW*""!
Helpen oi America, Loeal 1(4—Meetlngi
tat and third Mondaya in each montk
Preaident. P. WIUU; eeeretery, A. Praeg.
OBce:    Room 808-818 Pender St. W.
OBce honte. 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to tt p.m.
need brieklayera or maiona ter bolUr
' worka,   ete.,   or   merhle   eettere,   pkone
Brlckfayeri' Onlen, Labor Temple.
6-rrrED  brotherhood  o'^iff
i pentere and Joineri. Local «6_—President, Wm. Dunn; reeordlng eeerelao.
Geo? Snell; buln.ii agent, Oee. H. Hardy.
I Oflee:   Boom 804. 810  Peader  St. W.
1 Meete aeooad aad foarth Mondaya, 8 p.m.,
[ Bj-m -. 818 Pender St. W.  .
Int and third Friday. In each month,
nt 148 Oordova St. #. .*t«__^sj*
White, 8405 Pender St. E.l ***_'_
Trcaiirer, Oje. Harriaon, 1886 Woodland
Drive.  , —
4»a St. W.-Edncatlo«ri ■a.etinlj
every Snnday evening, 8 o dock, Bull-
neei meeting, .-.nr w-*ta«'"V'ffiS__
R. P. Pettlplece, ohalrman j E. »■««"■
"on, sea-trees.: J. Bennett, oorroipondlng
eecrttery.    • . .
Preeldent, »<U MacDonald. No. 1 Fireball:    Secretary,  O. A. Wation,  No. 8
Fireball .	
Onion, Local 88—441 Seymonr Street.
MeM Jr_t and third Wednesdays st J.80
p.m. Second end lonrth Wedneidiyi al
B.80 ».m. Exeentive board meeta every
Tneeday at 8 p.m. Preaident W. Colmar.
Bialneie agent, A. Oraham. Phone Sey.
1681. :	
Lumber   workers'    industrial
UNION OF OANADA-Ao Industrie! union ol ell worken in log
glng and construction eampa. Coait putrid and Oen.ral Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W, Vanconver. B. O. Pbone 0*,.
1866. J. it. Clarke, general weretarr
trewnrer, logal adviaen, Melin. Blrs.
Macdonald I Co, Vanconver. B. 0.; and.
Urs. Meem. Bolter A Chiene. V.ncoo-
ver, B. C.	
Ed. Dawson: iecretary, B. Htrrt; bnii-
[ neii agent, P. B. Bongough.   Oa.ce: 800,
} 410 Pender 81. W.    MeeU In Boom 8.
I 'BIO Pender St. W, oa eecond and fonrth
LTaeiday to month. ___________
- Lee Oeorge: eeeretery, J. 0. Keefe:
enaineee agent, P. B. Bengough. OBms
J0». 810 Pender St. W,   Jleeti In Boom
[ *__, 810 Pender Bt. W. on «nt and third
I Timredaya in month. , .
raton aid Papernangere   of   America,
Local   188,  Vanoouver—MeeU  8nd and
dth Thnredayi al  148 Cordova St. W.
Phene Bey. 8401.  Bnelneaa agent, R. A.
Barker.       __	
Dock Bmllden, Local No. 8404—MeeU
In Ubor Hall, 810 Pender St. W, every
Ond and dth Friday at 8 pjn. Jaa. Thomp-
inn. Finanelal SeereUry.  ,
185 Cordova St. W., P. 0. Boi 671.
t Phone Sey. 8708. Moetlngi every Monday at 7:80 p.m.   P. Hockaday, Bnilnei.
| Agent ________
B.C.—Melting   nlghu,   Int   Tuesday
and third Friday of oach month nt head-
quarters, 316 0 rdova St. W.   Preildent.
L D. QiUcipio:   vice-president, John John-
■ son: seei-tsry-t-essurer, Wm. Donsld*
I ion, address 818 Oordova St. West.
L Branch agenl'i addrns: Wm. Francli,
11484 Oovernment Bt, Victoria, B. 0.
|    Operating Engineers, Local 844, meets
■ every Tbnnday at 6 p.m. Room 807
(Labor Temple. SecreUry-Treasnrer, N.
lOreen, 068 Hornby St. Phone Bey. 7048R.
. Reeordlng Seeretsry, J. B. Campbell, 808
I Flnt Street, Nortk Vanoouver.
f     Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—MeeU X. P. Hall, 8th and Klngewey,
, 1st and Srd Mondaya at 10:16 a.m. sad 1
6m. Prreldent. F. A. Hoover, 8400 Olerke
r.'l   recording-secretary, A. V. Lofting;
i treasurer,  A. F. Andrew;   financial-secretary and business agent, W. II. Cot-
troll, 166—17th Ave. W.; oflico, corner
Prior and Main Sts.   Phone Fair. 4604Y
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
I Urat Mnndny In ■ «ch month, .  p.m    P„.
ioenl, A. R. Oetenby; vtee-preeident, Mn.
Dolk; recording aeoretary, 0. MoDonald,
P. 0. Boa 608;   flnanclal   aeeretary, P.
MeNelsh, P. 0. Bar 606.	
Soviet Rnsals, Vsncouver branch, meets
- flrat and third Sundays eaeh month, 8
p.m, at 61 Cordova Bt. W.   For informs-
i tion write to branch secretary, S.T.A.8.R,
61 Cordova St W, Vanconver. B. C.	
Presidont, Wm. Skinner: vice-president,
A.   Tucker;  secretarr'treasurer,   R.   H.
Neelands.    P. 0. Box   66.    MeeU   laat
, Bunday ol each month at 8 p.m.
1      No. 837—President J. J. Begg, vice-
president, R. J. Stewart; secreUry.trcsa.
) urer, L. 0. Gilbert, P. 0. Box 470, Nanaimo, B. 0.
We talk about devastated Kurope,
lint there ls a devastated Englnnd—
Klevastated by a system of production
I'or use.—Mr. Ben Turner, M. P.
"A Oood Place to Bat"
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
"Were half tho power that flills the
world with terror,
Were half tho  wealth,  bestowed  on
camps and .courts,
Given  to  redeem the human  mind
from error,
There were no need of arsenals   or
123 Hastings St. E Sey. 3-82
1191 GranvUle St Sey. 6140
3200 Main Sti Fair. 1683
830 Granville St Sey. 866
Slater'a  Famous  No. 1 Alberta
Butter, Ae   nr_
3 lbs $ led&d
Choice Dairy Butter,
per lb	
Slater'a Famous Streaky Breakfast Bacon. Friday *1
and Saturday 3 lbs $1
Slater'a Famous Cottage Roll, 3 lbs	
Slater'a Famed Back Bacon,
in 2. and S-ib. OCl*»
cuts;    Ib    uOzC
Slater's  Sliced  Streaky  Bacon,
lb.  _0e and  -5u
Slater'a    Smoked    Roll Bacon,
sliced, lb 25o
Slater's   Ayrshire  Back Bacon,
sliced, lb 36c
Slater'a Rolled Ayrshire Bacon,
sliced,  lb 85o
Choice Pot Roasts, from, per
lb  lOe
Choice   Oven   Roasts,   from
per lb. .- 12 Ko
Choice   Boiling   Beef, from
per lb So
Choice  Boneless Stew  Beef,
! lbs. for' 25o
Local Lamb Loins,
-per lb	
Local Lamb Legs,
per lb	
Local Lamb Stew,
2 lbs. for	
Choice Meaty Cuts of Local
Lamb, OO/e
per lb  _y__iC
Choice    Cuts of    Prime    Veal,
from,   per  lb 16c
PORK        PORK      PORK
Slater's Famous Pork Shoulders, weighing from 4 to 10 lbs.,
and excellent quality; nothing
finer lor your week-end roast;
reg. 25c lb. Extra
Bpeclal,  lb	
At Slater's Stores
(Continued from last week)
It was testified that when miners
were receiving $1.28 a ..ton for mining
coal.and 60 cents a square yard for
"dead work," they earned in the Berwlnd-Whlte mines from $30 to $45
each two weeks* period, when working. Out of this wage each miner had
to purchase his drills, picks, shovels
and other tools, pay the company from
$9 to $12 rent per month, besides the
annual school tax, and one dollar per
month for the maintenance of the
company hospital. He also had to
purchase carbon for his light in the
mine, powder for blasting, and had to
pay the blacksmith for sharpening his
tools, all of which entailed upon him
an additional expense averaging from
$2 to $3 per month.
The conditions which the miner
happens to meet tn the mines affect
his earning to a great extent. The
seam of ooal ln which a miner works
Ib generally 20 feet wide and from 2
to 4 feet high. If he Is fortunate
enough to be working in a four-foot
high coal seam, he makes considerably
more money than ooes the man who
is compelled to work in a two-foot
vein. It was stated that to secure the
better places, it was invariably necessary from time to time to tip the mine
foreman $5 to $10.
The president of the United States
has .said recently, that to live and
maintain self-respect, a miner should
have 280 days' work per year and earn
not less than $1600 a year. According
to the labor report of 1921, ln District
No. 2, which includes the Berwlnd'
White Coal Company's mines ln Somerset County, Penn., under the policy
of that -company, its miners were em>
ployed only during part of the year,
and thetr individual earnings were on
an average only $700 per year. Out
of thia sum, after deducting hts ex*
penses enumerated In the preceding
paragraph, the miner had to support
himself and hts usually large family
365 days'in the year.
Other Grievances of the Mine
Therti are other grievances which
the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Company's
former employees urged against that
company. They complained that they
did not receive credit for all the coal
they mined, and that they were compelled to purchase all their food,
clothing, furniture, tools, etc., In the
stores owned or controlled by the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining Company,
and commonly known as "Pluck Me"
How the Miners Receivo Credit for
Less Coal Than Tbey Mino
At the unton mines, the miners are
allowed to have their own check
weighman present when the coal they
mined is being weighed. At the Berwind-White and other non-union
mines, the miners are not allowed this
It appears that at the Berwlnd-
Whlte coal mines, when the coal Is
brought out of the mine in the small
cars to the tipple, the car is placed
upon a platform scale the beam of
which ls enclosed and Into which enclosure the miner is not admitted. The
miner is thus denied the right to see
for himself how much the coal he had
mined weighs, and is obliged to accept
the word of the company's weigher.
It is common talk among the miners,
that out of every five train loads of
coal leaving the Berwind-White Coal
Company's* mines, every fifth train
carries away coaj'for which the miners received no pay.
The exposure of this condition by
your committee had Its immediate effect, for within a few days thereafter
State Senator W. J. Stelnemann announced that he would Introduce a
bill at the next session of the Pennsylvania State Legislature, compelling
the placing of check weighers representing the miners at every bituml-
noua coal mine tipple in Pennsylvania,
Company "Ruck Me" Stores
Up to a few years ago, all the larger
coal mining companies ln the State of
Pennsylvania owned and operated
company stores and compelled their
employees to trade there. The abuse
of this system became so Intolerable,
the legislature of Pennsylvania passed
a law prohibiting coal mining companies from owning or operating stores.
It ls claimed that while most of the
coal mining companies In the State of
Pennsylvania are complying with that
law, the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining
Company Is evading It, by operating
its stores under the corporate name
"Eureka Stores."
According to the evidence before the
committee, anyono employed by, or
seeking employment with the Berwind-White Coal Mining Company is
required to sign a contract which authorizes that company to deduct from
his wages whatever bills ha may contract at the "Eureka Stores" and if he
does not sign such contract, he Is not
given employment. Further, that
whenever a miner employed by the
Berwlnd-Whlte Company is caught
trading elsewhere than at the "Eureka
•Stores," he is rebuked for it by his
superior and is given to understand
that a repetition of such offense will
bring about his dismissal from his
The miners claim that they are compelled to pay from 20 to 100 per cent,
more for food, furniture, clothing,
shoes, tools, dry goods, hats, needles,
shoe strings and other merchandise at
the company's stores than they could
have purchased similar commodities
elsewhere, and that they had often
been charged and were obliged to pay
for merchandise they had never received.
Mrs, Harry Beal testified that on
numerous occasions she had compared
the prices of merchandise In the company's Eureka (Pluck Me) stores with
the prices in other stores ln Windber,
and had found quite a difference. For
instance, when the company stores
charged 65 cents a pound for butter
LUMBER  BARONS   WOULD  LIKEf ing was not  "sober."    We  can also
T-HE MONTREAL «TAR reports that
the lumber barons from all over
Canada have convened in Montreal,
and are considering as one of the most
vital questions before them the feeding of their slaves with oleomargarine.
The lumber kings, holding their
convention ln the bright "Mount Royal
Hotel," passed a resolution demanding that this grease be accepted as
legal substitute for butter. Oleomargarine has been allowed to sell ln
Canada with a temporary permit only,
but the lumber barons claim that lt ls
absolutely necessary that the workers
be fed with this grease Instead of butter, because butter might be too tasty,
and too expensive for this purpose,—
Vapaus, Sudbury.
Thus talks the well-organized lumber kings of Canada. What about
creating a united front of all lumber
workers by lining up in the Lumber
Workers Industrial Union of Canada,
and taking similar measures against
the parasitical profit grabbers who
live by exploiting us? Do your part,
fellow militant.
"Hammer and Sickle."
During the arly part of this week,
the lumber barons of Vancouver have
been entertaining their fellow profit-
grabbers from the prairie provinces—
the Western Retail Lumbermen's Association. They came here on a combined pleasure and business trip, and
evidently the business part of it was
to see what could be done to lower
the price of lumber in order that the
bankrupt farmers on the prairie could
be able to secure enough to build
Many and varied are the words of
wisdom which this tribe has handed
out for publication in the press to bo
consumed by members of the working
class, and aU advices are of the kind
that will tend to pacify those workers
who are in rebellion ngainst their present condition of misery and semi-
W. P. Dutton, president of this association, is credited with uttering
the following gems of thought: "As
for sober thinking—there Is a heap of
crazy thinking going on somewhere.
Let un liavo a tittle lens whining about
our rights, and a little more realization ' Robbie" up
about our obligations,' a littlo less wishing for more, and a little more contentment with leas,"
We agroe with the statemont about
"crazy thinking." Looking over Dut-
ton's atatement, littlo can be seen but
the products of crazy thinking.    This
agree with him when he tells us that
it ls useless to "whine about our
rights." We know that It will avail us
workers nothing to "whine" for
"rights" to a master class whose sympathetic tendencies, if they over had
any, were crushed out long ago in
thetr mad race for profits. The conscious part of the working class know
that Dooley was right when he said:
"Don't ask for rights, take them. The
right is handed to you for nothing Ib
liable to be a wrong turned inside
out." However, to take rights implies the possession of machinery to
do the taking, and also the possession
of a force to operate that machinery.
In other words, lt means the possession of the machinery of organization,
and tho burning, impelling force of desire to operate the machinery and
keep It In motion until the goal Is
reached. The building of this machinery, and the inpluntlng of this burning desire tn the minds of our fellow
workers who ure not yet conscious, is
the task of the fighting minority of
the working class, who aro aware of
their needs and are determined to
secure them. Desire can be created
by agitation and the hammering home
of the fact that something better exists and that we, the workers, create
that something better, and therefore,
we should receive It.
"Contentment with less" is a meaningless term to tho toilers on the
Pacific Slope. Ono cannot possibly
imagine tho camp workers, who produce the profits on which this loafer
lives, being content with less than they
are now receiving. Month after month,
year after year of continual unremitting toll, for which they receive a
bare subsistence, producing millions of
feet of lumber which can be converted
into comfortable, healthy houses, yet
being herded together in small shacks
built like a barn, and blacklisted If
they dare to raiso their voice In protest, under conditions Uke lhat, and
oven worse how can one expect the
camp workor to be "content with less."
They have now reached the bottom of
thoir degradation; further pressure
could only end ln their extermination.
Of course, one can easily understand
why this social fungus, which lives on
society's army of production, should
desire tho working class lo accept
less, because the less tho worker gets,
tho more is left for he and his kind to
Dut Mr, Dutton, there Is
may be duo to the fact that the think- | nctlon against us.
a class far on, and wo of tho working
class, will not accept, nor bc conlont
with less. Wo are out for more, and
more wo will get whether you try to
halt the forward march of progress by
emitting oceans of sophistical slime,
or do you marshal your forces of re-
and 80 cents for a dozen eggs, elsewhere butter sold at 50 centa a pound
and eggs at 60 cents a dozen; that she
also had found that the price of shoes
at the "Pluck Me" store was just double that in other stores, and that ordinary outing eloth which could be purchased anywhere for 18 or 20 centa a
yard cost 60 cents a yard in the company's stores.
The Berwlnd-Whlte Company's Employees Seldom Receive Cash
The miners and other employees of
the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining Company seldom, tf ever, receive any cash
for their work.
Former employees of the Berwind-
White Coal Mining Company testified
that, as a rule, whatever money they
had earned, from time to time, was
more than counterbalanced by ttie
charges the company claimed against
them, and that on. so-called pay days
they seldom received more than one
dollar ln actual money. Thia dollar
was characterized by the chairman as
a "trick dollar."
Every Berwind-White mine employee on each pay day received from
the company a statement showing his
earnings during" the previous two
weeks, hts indebtedness to the company and to the "Eureka Stores" and
the balance remaining due the company, or to the "Eureka Stores," ne
the case may be. However, in order
to get possession of that statement,
and not permit the employee to tako
it with him and, perhaps, study It
closely, the company allowed him to
draw one dollar. To get that dollar
the employee had to sign the statement and turn It In to the cashier,
Thus the miner's evidence of his unfair treatment by the company was
taken away from him and the trick
was dono.
It is sad, but seems true, nevertheless, that once a miner is -brought to
work in one of the Eerwlud-White
Coal Mining Company's-mines, he is
unable ever to leave again. A proper
motto at the entrance to tho varloua
hollows where these mining campa are
located, would be "Abandon Hope, all
ye who enter here."
To emphasize that the foregoing
portrays truly the conditions existing
at these mines, the following proofs
are cited:
A Mrs. Sadvarl, the wife of a miner
employed prior to the strike In Berwind-White coal mine No. 38, testified
that owing to tho fact that her husband hardly ever received any cash
for his work, sho was unable to visit
her parents at Johnstown oftener than
once ln two years, as the railroad fare
to Johnstown and back was 70 cents.
Mrs. Harry Beal, * mother of six
children, whose husband was employed bb night watchman on the tipple at
one of the Berwlnd-Whlte mines, testified that she had availed herself of
the services of physician whenever
she delivered a child, and that because
of lack of cash she was obliged to pay
her physician's bill in instalments of a
dollar every pay day. That, usually,
she had paid the doctor's bill for the
one child before the next child was
born but that, because of increase ln
the cost of living, when her last baby
was born she still owed the physician
a balance for the baby before. Mrs.
Beal further testified that most of the
mothers in these mining camps, particularly those who come from the
peasantry of Hungary, Poland, Russia fnd Czecho-Slovakia, do not permit themselves the luxury of a physician when giving birth to a child,
but depend upon assistance of Bome
of the older women ln the camp.
Louis Chaney testified, that before
the strike he had earned from $18 to
$20 every two weeks and that in spite
of his good fortune In not having
children to support, he was unable
to buy himself any clothing, and that
if the union had not given him trousers and a pair of shoes, he could not
have attended the hearing.
Bert Thompson, who at one time
was assistant foreman tn Berwlnd-
Whlte coal mine No. 36, testified that
ln the thirty-three years ho had
worked. In the ntlnes, he knew of
only thirty miners out of the four
thousand in the Windber section, who
owned their homes, and that these
thirty were enabled to acquire their
homes only becauso of some insurance benefit they received on the
death of a member of their family
"or because of some windfall."
Miners Slaves of Coal Corporations
According to the tales of horror recited before the committee, tho living
and working conditions of'the miners
employed In the Berwind-White Coal
mining company's mines are worse
tha conditions of the slaveB prior to
the Civil War. This circumstance
caused the chairman to remark at one
of the hearings, that Uncle Tom, as
portrayed by Harriet Beecher Stowe in
"Uncle Tom's Cabin," was far better
off than were these miners, for while
Undo Tom conceded his body belonged to hla master, ho claimed his soul
for God. The Berwlnd-Whlte Coal
Mining Company seems to own its miner body and soul. One of tho mlnorB
present supplemented thc chairman's
statement by claiming that Uncle Tom
was far better off than were the Berwind-White Company's coal miners,
because the alave owners housed, fed
and clothed their slaves, while at
Windber, if the miner does not do as
he is bid by tho coal company, ho and
his family are kicked out of their
home and are left to starve and freeze
to death like dogs.
Miners and Tlieir Families Ejected
from Their Homes
The Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining
Company, like many other coal mining companies ln that region, owns a
large number of small buildings,
known as "Company Houses." Theso
houses the company leases to the miners for their dwellings and each lease
contains a clause "that if for any reason tho company desires to reclaim Its
property, it can do so upon a ten days'
It appears that last April, shortly
after the miners In thc Berwlnd-Whito
Co.'s mines went on strike, they were
thrown out of their homos by the company's guards, nnd that ln many Instances tho ten dayB' notice was omitted.
Mrs. Mary Dill testified beforo your
committoe, that at tho timo when the
minors left thoir work she was about
to becomo a mother. That her condition, however, did not save her from
the fate of the olher tenants who refused to do tho bidding of tho Berwlnd-Whito Conl Mining Company. As
a rosult thereof, Mrs. Dill's baby was
born In a tent and whenever it rained
an umbrella had to be held over mother and baby to keop them dry.
Edward E. Vonelle. a Spanish war
veteran, testified that the coal and
Iron police came Into his houso, put
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heuta the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
out flre tn the stove on which his wife
was cooking supper and expelled him
and his family from the premises.
That two or three eoal and Iron policemen with guns in their hands walked
alongside the truck upon which he
moved his belongings to the tent colony, which reminded him of the Spanish-American war, when they guarded
the paymaster's wagon in a similar
Stanley Harlan, a miner In the Berwlnd-Whlte mines, who because he
was over six feet tall, was obliged to
He down In the mine when digging
coal, testified that shortly before tho
strike, he encountered water ln the
mine and was obliged to He for days
in that water while working. As a
consequence thereof, he becamo 111,
and was obliged to take to his bed.
That when the company's men came
to put htm out he begged to be permitted to remain in the house until he
got well, and although his Illness was
contracted while working, poor Stanley, hla wife and four children were
ejected from their home and wore obliged to take to a tent, which sympathetic friends had provided for him.
The Company Owns Windber
The centre of the Berwind-White
coal mining activities ts the Borough
of Windber. "Windber" Is the largest
community in Somerset County, Pa.„
and derives its name from reversing
the two syllables of the name "Berwlnd."
Mr, E. J. Berwlnd, said to be the
largest individual stockholder in the
Interborough Rapid Transit Company
of New York, Ib chairman of thnt
company's board of directors, and, aa
such chairman, controls the purchasing of coal from by the Interborough
Rapid Transit Company. Tho same
Mr. E. J. Berwlnd is tho principal owner of the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining Company, and aa such coal mine
owner sells his coal to the Interborough Rapid Transit Company. Mr.
E. J. Berwlnd Ib alao a director of the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company and
the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks run
to the several Berwind-White coal
mines ln Pennsylvania, and the cosl
mined in the Berwind-White mines ls
loaded from the tipple at the mine
into the Pennsylvania railroad's cars
for direct shipment to New Tork.
The Berwind-White Coal Mining Co.
controls absolutely ■ the Borough of
Windber and the other towns wherein
Its mines are located. It owns the
banks, tho theatre, a number of public halls, the town newspaper and all
the public service plants in Windber.
All public officials In Windber, Including the burgess, squires, councllmen
and the police, are either employees
of, or in some way connected with the
Berwlnd-Whlte Co. That coal corporation also seeks to control, and most
of tho time does control, the election
of county judgea and of other county
officers, as does the Interborough Co.
attempt to eatabltah control over the
mayor and other officials in the eity of
Now York, and tn former yearB often
succeeded In doing so,
The following extract from the testimony of Bert Thompson, a former em"
ployee of the Berwind-White Coal Co.,
Is illustrative of the political activities
of that coal mlnmg company and Its
C;. What ls the political retnt'on
betwoen the "Berwlnd-Whlte Coal
Mining Co. and, tho officials of the
to vn of Windber?
A. It is a well-known fnct that
the company controls every offico tn
the Borough of Windber.
Q. Did the men have to voce as
thoy wore told?
A, Thero was pressure brought to
bear on every man.   On election day
we always had thc men come out
and sent them down to the polling
place, and In lots of cases brought
them bnck to finish the day'-j work.
And wo always presented them with
a marked ballot.
Joseph Foster, a former employee
(Continued on Page 4)
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer hns for 35 years
bcen British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense hns been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish tliis.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it
Insist Upon
FRIDAY Febr_ary », 1>_|
These Special!
Deserve Yonr
Prompt Aetion
Flannel Shirts
Made with turn-down collar, and pockets,
wool flannel in khaki or grey. A
snap; in all sizes, at only	
Pullover Sweaters
A medium weight pullover woolen sweater, with
roll neck, in Oxford grey. d»f Q£
Regular $4, now opl.VD
Wolsey Rib Sox
Pure wool, an imported sock of high quality and
exceptional wearing qualities. All CC«
sizes. Regular $1 pair, now selling al 00%*.
Dick's Red Label
Pure wool, made in Nova Scotia; the popular
heavyweight underwear for the outdoor man.
Regular $2 per garment d»l  ofi
Selling tomorrow at only. «P * t****J
45-49 Hastings St., East
******* ******* ****** ******
The First Men and Where They Came From
DURING the laet few weeks,
studler carried on in the W. P. hall
have been merging Into the consideration of primitive man, and the hall,
has been filled with an interested aad-!
lence for many evenings past. The |
last subject dealt with, "The First
Men, and Where They Came from,"
was illustrated with numerous pictures, and it seems from the evidence
presented by Dr. Curry, that out of a
number of branches of anthropoids,
which started on the long road upward toward humanity, eome stopped,
and pursued other directions, while
others perished by the wayside. The
speaker showed that, although all
scientific men agreed as to the general
principles of man's ascent from the
brute creation yet owing to the vast-
ness of the problem, and the few
years since evolution was recognized,
and Its evidence searched for, there ls
considerable diversity of opinion regarding the details of man's appearance, but the speaker was satisfied
that except for men of the "Billy
Sunday" type, and a few theological
fossils, every man or woman today
who has really studied the problem,
rejects the Jewish account of creation,
and accepts evolution. Accuracy Is
not possible as yet, for human remains
except in the rare cases, were they to
turn to stone, could not endure the
vast lapses of time, and only here and
there have portions of the earth's surface been touched by investigaators,
while it-is known that ancient continents are now beneath the waves, and
many authorities believe that the
cradle-land of our race, now lies miles
under the waters of the Indian Ocean.
Yet," said the speaker,, "the last generation has shed much light on thfs
great subject, we are considering this
evening, and one may expect much
Tbe Earliest Trace of Man
According to many authorities,
stones shaped and used by primitive
man, are found in the stratas, as far
back as the middle of the Tertiary
period, which would givo man an age
of over two million years. Others,
again, claim that these "Oeliths" or
Dawn-man tools wero never used by
man, but are shaped through friction,
heat or frost.
What is known as the Paleolithic or
old stone-age began'about half a million years ago, and these are roughly
Startling Capitalistic Report
As ta Conditions in Coal
Mines in Pennsylvania
(Continued from page 3)
of the Berwind-White Co. and a former resident of Windber, testified that
he was "chased" out of Windber three
times, because he had once advocated
the election of a man for county Judge
who had been opposed by the Berwind-White Company. That as a consequence of his said political activity,
he not only lost his Job with the Ber-
wind-White Co. but no other coal rom-
pany in the county would employ him,
and he was compelled to leave the borough and (iecure employment elsewhere.
Miners Not Allowed to Meet
On April 6, 1922, the miners employed tn thc Berwind-Whito Com
pany's mines, because of the wage cut
and the conditions under which the
operators wanted them to work, left
their jobs to organize a strike. Not
being able to secure a hall wherein to
hold thcir moeting, these miners mut
on some vacant land belonging to tho-
company, and when the company
learned of thc meeting, it immediately sent Its coal and iron police to drive
the strikers from the company's land,
and they were compelled to meet in
the roadway.
Not having had experience ln conducting a strike, the miners sent to
union leaders at Nantlgo and South
Fork to come to Windber and organize
them. The Berwlnd-Whlte Company
attempted to prevent tho organizntion
of their    minors   and    to   that end
brought Its entire political power into
play. Injunctions were procured
against the union officials and body at*
tachments against the organizers. The
union representatives invited by the
strikers were arrested without cause
or reason upon reaching Windber and
thereafter bodily expelled from the
town, and the United Mine Workers
and their members were restrained
from holding meetings, from .spreading propaganda and from doing anything'to induce the Berwind-White
Company's miners to join the United
Mine Workers. These injunctions are
still in force but the attachments later
were dismissed by Judge Berkey of Somerset County. Judge
Berkey is said to be the flrst county
Judge elected in years in opposition to
the candidates supported by the Berwlnd-Whlte Company.
The political nnd flnanclal influence
of the Berwind-White Company extends beyond Windber aud Somerset
County. Your committee was informed that when the United Mine Workors were engaged last spring In a certain litigation with the Berwind-White
Cool Mining Company in the city of
Johnstown, Cambria County, they
were unable to secure un attorney In
thnt county lo appear against the Berwind-White Company.
(To be continued next week)
In the highest financial and Industrial circles vigorous recovery ls not
desired until wagos have beon brought
down in all industries.—B. C. Forbes,
a leading capitalist "economist" in the
United states.
Be sure to notify the post olllce as
soon as you change your address.
Fresh Cut Flowers, I'uiieral Designs, Wedding Hoit<|Uu(Si Pot Plants,
ornamental and Shade Trees, Heeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORKS—2        655 Granville Street
Spy. 988-671! "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. »5I»-13„1
Trades and Labor Council
WiU Join Conference
(Continued from page 1)
Counts and
Likewise  PRICE
test against the rate of 35 cents now
being paid,
"That the minimum wage on this
work be increased to 50 cents per
hour for unskilled workers, and on all
government works;
"That we ask the Trades and Labor
Council to take up the question of organizing the women workers of the
city, and to inaugurate, a campaign
for this purpose at once.'"
The last resolution was one calling
on the council to attend the, next
meeting of the conference committee
in a body.
Label Dance
The Label committee announced
that the next dance would be held in
the Alexandra Dancing Pavilion on
the 16th, and that the dance would
continue to 2 a.m. in view of the theatrical unions participating in-order
that the members of these unions
could attend.*" The committee announced that there would be ample
provision for all.
Delegate Ross, reporting for the
Labor Representation committee delegates, stated: That all the recommendations of the subcommittee had been
adopted, and that he was of the opinion that it was a real effort to unite
the workers together in the civic and
rblltical elections/and by so doiny,
fighting a common enemy; and thut
it appeared to be an honest effort, ani
If supported by the Uu ons, would su
" To Support Fed.
The Musici_#ns Union reported thut
a letter which had appooVed In Tho
Federationist, signod "Sot|ty," had
been very effective. This letter referred to non-union musicians playing at
(.atlcee In the city. He stut.il that tlio
letter had brought results, nnd that
the efforts of tho writer .lad b_.cn mm -
cesHf'il in getting better result_i than
ev- ii anticipated. It was alao announced that thc musicians would
support ""¥he Federation Ih.-, and subscribe to the palter.
Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
reported many members out of work.
The Stoam Engineers reported good
success from organizing meetings,
while the Painters stated that they
had still many members out of work.
Two delogatcs wero appointed to
wait on the Workmen's Compensation
Hoard, with a viow of having the pay
ment of compensation speeded up.
A notice of motion to amend thc
constitution so that the salary of tho
secrotary could be raised, waa, introduced; another notice of motion was
presented calling for an amendment
to the constitution limiting thc payment of per capita tax to $25 per
month, and also limiting the number
of delegates an organization taking
advantage of this amendment could
have. These will be dealt with nt tho
next meeting.
Mrs. Mnhon, of the Garment Workers Union, nnd nn active member of
the council, was unanimously endorsed for the position of Factory In-
spectress, for which the government
Ih calling for applications. It was also
stated that tho Tailors had already
endorsed Mrs. Mahon.
Considerable discussion wns indulged In With respect to tho uso of tho
union Inbol by members of orgnnized
Lnbor, nnd Its uso ns a means of
strengthening the Labor movement
pointod out.
fi renter co-operation botweon the
building trade*, wns also urged by
Bevoral epoakersj who pointed out tlmt
there wns not tbnt rondy co-operation
botwoon tbo different crafts in Ibo
building trades. The dolegates to tho
building trades woro urged to bring
this .natter boforo tbelr locnl union.*..
A lottor of appreciation of tho good
Wishes of Ibo council on tho success of
tho Hritish Lnbor Party in tho recent
elections wns recoived from tbo Lnbor
Party executive committee. After n
strenuous but Interesting nnd useful
mooting, tbo council udjourne.d nt
10.55 p. m.
thef shaped Into tools, or weapons, pictures
of which were shown on the screen.
The earliest fossil remains of man is
believed to have been found on the
Island of Java by Dr. De Bois, In 1891,
when a thigh bone, part of a skull,'
and a jaw was discovered, while the
formation tended to show that this
ape-man lived about half a million
years ago.
The speaker showed that this Java-
man was by Hackel, and earlier biologists, believed to be in our direct line
of evolution, and was the "missing
link," but more modern scientists consider that the Pithcanthropus, like the
gorilla, is a side-line, and that the
Neanderthal man wns another side
line, or sub-man, and that these together with the Anthropoid ape, struggled up for ages, only to fail in their
inwarde urge toward mankind. They
went down in the strugglo for existence or Ceased to advance. "Nature
is red, in tooth and claw,", even in human society today. It wa» even more
universal a million years ago, when
our pre-human ancestors lived. Among
the authorities cited, were "Well'B
Outline of History," "McCalve's Outlines of Evolution" and "Prehistoric
Man." Considerable interest was displayed also in the propositions of Professor Hill-Tout's, F. R. S. C, etc., and
from his book entitled "The Phylo-
geny of Man from a New Angle," some
paragraphs were read, and some striking illustrations presented.
ThlB gentleman has followed up the
Ideas held by Wells and his authorities, viz., that the ape-man, the Neanderthal man, and other primitive races
were not in^our direct liny of descent,
but that these together with the gorilla and the other Anthropoid apes,
branched off from a common ancestor,
perhaps two or three million years
ago. The rocks of that age show that
men, like apes, were common in the
old world at that time. To prove this
claim, some photographs of young g/>r"
lllas and other apes were shown, and
these seemed to demonstrate the idea
that the ancestors of the Anthropoids
were much more human-like, than the
adult apes are today. Professor Hill-
Tout cites the law of "Biogenesis" as
proving this hypothesis, regarding the
degeneration, rather than.evolution of
these sub-men, and of the Anthropoid
apes. The Blogentlc law is that
"Every organism In its individual development, repeats tho history of the
race to which it belongs. A striking
resemblance of the Anthropoid embryo and infants to the human, especially in their cranial development,
shows that while the truly human type
evolved steadily upward, the sub-men,
and the gorilla and othor Anthropoid
apes diverged toward their brutal
grotesque forms."
Tlio Arrival of Our Raco
For about two hundred thousand
years, the Neanderthal man, who resembled the Java man, was, as far as
we now know, the sole human occu
pant of Europo. He was the maker,
and user of those rough flint implements, and was the man of the "old
stone age," but he also perished in*
the struggle for life. He went down
before a brainier rival, who needed
his caves and his means of life."
About 40,000 years ago, or not long
after the last glacial period, a different human type appeared on the
scene. This was tho Cro-magnan nun
who probably migrated rrom Africa or
Asia, or perhaps he came from that
fertile valley of the past, now occupied by the Medlterrenean Sea,
These were the men of the | "New
Stone Age," and their coming meant
the disappearance of the Neanderthal
race. These latter people were our
ancestors, and their fossil remains and
handiwork show they were a strong
and brainy race.
Tho sub-men had perished, the new
race was destined to represent mankind, the factors of environment made
failure inevitable, with the other An-
thropoids, and ' favorable conditions
made success certain with the Cro-
mngnan race.
Todny man has spread over thi
whole earth; he has conquered the
world, and the forces of nature. Empires may crumble, Ovulations may
perish, classes may dissolve, but for
millions of years unless catastrophe
happens to the earth, man will con
tlnue to evolve until not only nature
outside himsolf ls his sorvant, but until he is able to master himself, and
subdue thc brute Instincts and passions whioh havo followed him from
the jungles of the past.
On Thursday, the 15th, tho subject
will bo: "Causes of Evolution and
MEN'S SOLID LEATHER SHOES.—For convenience In selling, we have grouped 18 lines of new
Spring Shoes to sell at three prices: 95.50, $6.50
and $7.50, These represent $8, $9 and $10 values
in most stores, No better wearing shoes are sold,
and the smart appearance will please you. A good
looking $8 value in No. 1 grade black and brown
side leather, made in two shapes—a high round toe
and a broad fitting recede toe— _t_ CO
at, per pair ...' «pO«OU
The next priced lines are genuine calfskin, and are
exceptional values. They are all solid leather, and
come In three shapes, d»/»  gA
at, per pair j, -tPOeOv
No matter what style of boot you wear, you will find
lt In this lot. High toes and low toes in any shape.
These lines are actually worth $10. d»iy g/V
Our new price is, per pair  *\y a iwv
Clearing Prices on Hundreds of LADIES' OXFORDS
aud STRAP SHOES.-—Three hundred pairs of brown
calf Oxfords in good shades of brown calfskin. These
shoes are made with welted soles and Cuban heels.
Another lot of one-strap patent leather shoes, with
low heels and McKay soles. The original prices
were from $6.50 to $9,00. d|<l  QJJ
On sale at, per pair  -JpOtc/O
Fine quality brown, kid Oxfords, with welted soles
and Cuban heels. Soft pliable shoes that will appeal
to you.   At, per pair d»C AA
Same as above in black kid vOiUU
BOYS' SHOES AT $3.50 A PAIR.—All solid leather,
black box calf school shoes. Two full d*0 CA
soles.    Sizes 1-6, at, per pair VwiOU
Class lc and Paris make. Sizes 11-2. d»Q gA
On sale at, per pair »ipOeOw
BOOTS.—With low heels, Brown and d*^ qg
black,    All sizes at, per pair <P4aOO
San Francisco—Mrs. Julia A. Brink,
mother of Rena Mooney and mother-
in-law of Tom Mooney, San Francisco
frameup victim, is dead here at the
age of 71.
Seattle—Seattleskala Kommuna, on
the borders of Russin, is prospering,
according to letters and pictures received here by friends of those who
left the Pacinc northwest a year ngo
to help the Soviets rehabilitate industry.
Moscow—Among the famine relief
which has reached Russia from Mongolia, were three poods (about 108
lbs.) of opium, valued at 3000 bank
silver rubles.* Also 1045 head of horned cattle, valued at 41,800 bank silver
tho mine owners. Garbarlni, a man
of 60, had worked his way up from a
mucker, and had been in the mines
from childhood. He worked heroically during the three weeks the rescUe
crews were trying to save the buried
miners. He is succeeded by a consulting engineer, who was an officer
during the war.
Seattle—Another score of lives have
been sacrificed to the cupidity of the
limber trust, local labor men claim,
after investigating the Kelso bridge
disaster. An undetermined number
were drowned in the collapse of the
suspension bridge In the Washington
town, The bridge connected Keist
with the big plant of the Long-Bel
Lumber Co., which has a vicious re
putatlon In the southern pint 'belt
and Is now building a tittle city neai
Kelso. Although the * bridge was
known to be weak the company, which
owns the administration of Cowlit.
County, refused to provide ferry service or hasten the completion of
half-built steel bridge 100 yards fromj
tho death structure.
Do you want a good time? If sol
attend the label trades dance in the]
Alexandra Pavilion on Feb. 16. Whistl
8:15 p.m,   Dancing 9 p. in. to 2 a. mj
Taeoma—When Alvln C. Owsley, national commander of tbe Americnn
Legion, flayed President Harding for
pardoning Eugene V. Debs ln a speech
here recently, P. C. Diamond, president of the Central Labor Council,
left his chair on tho platform and departed from the hall.
Popular Bluff, Mo.—Rev. O. L.
Spurgeon, pastor First Baptist Church
here, claims to hnvo received a
threatening letter, warning him to
leave town immediately. He says he
.believes the letter was a result of his
recent sermon in which he eulogized
and defended the Ku Klux Klan.
Seattle—Mattl Reco, Finnish member of the I. W. W. slated for deportation, has been allowed to stay in this
country, following decision by immigration authorities in Washington, D.
C. Deportation was threatened following his acquittal at a trial of 121
I. W. W. in Montesano, Washington,
last year.
Detroit—Deportation of Leonard
Marcellino, an Italian worker who has
becomo dependent after 17 years of
labor In this country, Ib protested by
Detroit workers, who call upon the
federal department of Labor to cancel
the order. If carried out, the order
will separate Marcellino from his wife
and four minor children, who were
born in this country. The Polish section of the Workers Pnrty is especially active in aiding him.
San Francisco—Workors here are
laughing at the naval recruiting station's new posters, announcing that
"cold, biting, shivery winter" ls upon
us, and asking where the locnl young
men ure going to spend thnt bitter
season. As tho signs apepared Jan.
20, when the winter Is nearly over
here, nnd the California winter Is always balmy compared Ho the eastern
one, the young men concorned are
mostly deciding to spend the season
right at home, instend of signing up to
see the world through n porthole.
Washington—Despite his record of
cold-blooded deportations of Russians
In recent yoars, Uncle Sum has provod
himself"a kindly nnd hospitable gen-
tlomnn. He hns graciously received a
whole fleet of ships brimful of Russians—only these happened to bc
Whites, refugees from Vladivostok, instead of Rods or noar-Reds.. The
Whito refugees, denied entrance by
other Pacific powers, wero received at
lho Philippine Islands and acommo-
dated at the government's expense.
American Workers to Raise
Million to Aid Soviet
(By the Federated Press)
Now York—Through tho Amalgamated Trust and Savings Bank, the
IiuHslan-Amerlcan Industrial Corp.
has transmitted to Moscow its flrst
$25,000 to bo used through tho It. A.
1. C. factories in Russia, for the Industrial rehabilitation of that country.
Three-quarters of n million dfillars are
to follow, making tho total investment
by'American workers $1,000,000. The
monoy is to bo used Immediately by
tbe Russiun Clothing Syndicate, with
which the 11. A. I. C. has contracts, to
buy machinery and olher necessary
equipment In Germany.
In commenting on the nbove, officers
of the ll. A. I. C. called'attention to
tho recent nows dispatches telling of
lho ratification by lho Russian government of Uie contraot of tho Sinclair
Oil Corporation with the Fur Eastern
Republic, providing for lho development of petrOlbum resources in Russian Sakhalin;
"Food for thought/' tlujy doclnred,
fffor those who ilnubl. the value of n
contract with tho Russian govornmont,
Tbo Sinclair, corporation is purely u
business institution, n priieticul profit-
making organization which Is Interested hi no Idealism, It had sufficient
vision to recognize the stability for
contract purposes not only of tlie Rus-
Jackson, Cal.—The conscience of
the owners of tho Argonaut gold mlno,
whose groed killed 47 men last August, has been apponsed by the dismissal of Supt. V. S. Garbarlni. Garbarlni is accusod of having fnited to enforco safety provisions, no means to
enforco which had been given him by
sian Soviot governmont, but of the
govornmont of tbe Far Eastern Re
public. That tho Sinclair corporation
made no error In Judgment ls shown
by the fact that whon tho Far Eastern
Republic joined Soviot Russia, the
government of the latter country ratified tho ngroement made with the
other government,
"This should bo an effective answer
to those who entertain nny doubts
nbout a contract wltb Russia."
Union LiiIm-1 Dnnco
Tho Union Label committeo will
hold a whist drive and danco ln tho
Alexandra Pavilion on Fob. 16, theatrical trados participating. Good prizes
und lots of refreshments will bo provided. Keep this date opon. Tickets
cnn bo socured ut tho Lnbor Tomplo,
or from any of the committee.
Thn f-.renic.-it assistant'-;. Umt tiro
leaders of The Foderntionist can render us nt this timo, is Ity securing it
now fiiihscrlhor. Ry doing so you
spread tho news or the working flans
movement, and assist us.
All Winter Underwear
Reduced 20
STANFIELD'S        TIGER                    STANFIELD'S
Combinations—         Combinations—        Shirts and Drawers
$3.50 now $2.80  $2.95 now  $2.35  $1.75 now $1.40
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Direct dealing between
the producer and the
consumer is to the
advantage of the consumer-
When the Lnlu Island farmer calls at your door
with potatoes from his farm, you welcome the.
chance of getting a sack or so direotMnstead of
through the medium of the commission merchant
—the retail grocer.
When the Burnaby rancher comes around next
summer with berries—you get your orate or
crates from him—thoroughly satisfied you are
doing what is to your advantage.
When the Fraser Valley farmer comes around
next fall selling apples from bis own ranch—you
look them over. If they're satisfactory, you take
a box—and congratulate yourself.
Tou buy to your advantage from the producer-
he is the only man that can offer you a "Direct
Deal" price.
The Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association
is composed of the 1800 farmers who furnish
Vancouver and vicinity with milk.
They produce this milk on their farms—They '
handle it in a central handling plant in Vancouver, one of the most complete on the continent—
They deliver it daily to your do* by a thoroughly organized delivery system.
These Farmers offer you
milk, delivered at your door, at a
"Direct Deal" Price of
12 quarts for $1
In dealing with the Fraser Valley Dairies for
your milk supply, you are dealing just as directly with the farmer—AND TO THE SAME ADVANTAGE—as when you buy potatoes from the
Lulu Island farmer, berries from the Burnaby
rancher or apples from the Fraser Valley fruit
Think it over—Call Fair. 1000 and secure your
milk direot from the producer. **
Fraser Valley Milk
Producers' Association


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