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British Columbia Federationist Jan 11, 1924

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Array RITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRFA ,TH
Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners
-4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   No. X
FOUR PAGES
-VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 11, 1924
abor Representation League Ii
Providing the Material for
Sonth Vancouver
SIX HEN ARE PUT FORWARD
four WUl Contest Seats on Municipal Oounoil—Two Run
for Sohool Trustee
pHE Labor Representation commit-
1 tee are conducting: a lively cam-
i in South Vanoouver, where they
Ire running four candldatea for councilors,    namely,    Councillor   G.   H.
party, O. J. Mengel, J. G. Smith and
. C. Wood; two candidates for school
hoard, namely, School Trustee R. E.
[ligby and A. Hurry;  one candidate
police commissioner, Alex, Mac-
•onald.
y opened their campaign in the
llunjclpal hall laBt Monday night,
Jvhere a crowd that packed the hall
baa in attendance to hear labor's representatives. Rev. J. Richmond
Craig was in the chair and, besi
|cting as a very efficient chairman,
the crowd in good humor
hroughout with his timely and pawky
Inecdotes. Each of the candidates
, with the various planks In the
f^bor platform, the council nominees
coming out strongly ln favor of
nnexation to the city of Vancouver,
. the school trustees laying special
Imphasis on their opposition to any
prm of military training in the
phools. They have been holding meet
hgs all this week, in the various
phools of the municipality, where
have been talking to Interested
kidiencos.
J Monday, Jan. 14, they speak in Mc-
Iiide school, 29th avenue and Cullo-
\n; Wednesday, 16th Jan., at Old
| hool house, Main street, between
frth and 28th avenues, R. H. Neel-
(lds, M. L. A., in the chair; Thursday,
17, Carleton school, Joyce road;
Irlday, Jan. 18, Municipal hall, R. H.
leelandB, chairman.
| All labor sympathizers are asked to
Bread the news around and put lair's candidates at the top otthe poll,
pmmfttee rooms are at 4571 Fraser
Election day, Saturday, 19th
Imuary.
I For the coveted position of reeve,
lere promises to be a three-cornered
Intern, in which Jack Cornett Beems
f be a warm favorite. J. W. Cornett,
i chairman of the civic finance com-
llttee during the past year, gained
feluable insight Into the inner work
lgs of the municipality. One of the
lain planks of his platform ts a con
Ijuance of the policy which he Inau
prated in handling the finances—a
fcllcy which proved so satisfactory
i making for efficiency and stability,
lth economy alwayB in view. More
pod roads are favored also.
, Magnates Do Far More Than
Public Knows to Keep
Alive War Spirit
lYS RAMSAY MACDONALD
.-pullers and Log-rollers Will
Receive Short Shrift from
Labor Oovernment
[Labor Press Service]
KNDON,   Jan.    9.—Oil   magnates
pave been on the backstairs of the
ncellorles of Europe and Amorica
. years paflt, and they have
i for more than the general public
wa to keep alive the war spirit,
recommending the sale, on preterms, of the government's shares
Anglo-Persian  company,   the
homist nays that it would "tend to
letcn Anglo-American relations at
Important juncture; it would
ove  from post-war diplomacy a
1  and  harmful  element of iu-
)j lt would lead the way to the
r of the 'open door,' and to comte freedom of competition between
lately-owned companies."
abor knows the effect  of "com-
i freodom of competition between
,ly-owned   companies"   on   the
j that led up to the war of 1914-
fand It will do everything .in Its
to   prevent   similar   rivalries
kging about another holocaust.
Macdonald's View
lhat Ramsay Macdonald is alive to
{danger 4fl proved by his speech in
I house of commons on November
|19'22. Referring to the Lauaanne
ference, he said:
are not out for mere patch-
and tinkering  here and there.
I recognize, for Instance, that be-
* the sceneB at Lausanne the hid-
Ihand Is busy and is very powev-
Vthe hidden hafld of the oil inter-
,   ,   What Is the use of clos-
eyea to these facts?    These
lomlc Interests are rarely dlsclos-
\ Nevertheless, there they are, in
lobby,  in  every hotel, pulling
wire they can lay their hands
for the  purpose of using na-
tl interests In their own behalf."
kese  Wire-pullers  and  log-rollers
[receive short ahrlft from a labor
Irnment.
G-ty TALL EMPLOYEES
'• \<L   ■ " "'
Hosts to I*.    v*r tb of Vaneoaver Olty
Council   ills Evening—Elect
Now Officers
Membera of Vancouver city council
will be guests of honor at the sixth
annual banquet of the City HaU Employees association, to be held this
evening ln the Manufactuers* building,
OranviUe street, F. M. Bentley, chief
clerk in the city scavenging department, who was vice-president, was recently elected to the position of president. Other officers who will serve
the association for the ensuing year
are: Daniel Hargreaves, foreman in
the worka department, vice-president;
D. Robson, of the law department,
secretary; ex-Aid. W. J. Scrlbblns,
treasurer; Joseph Gibbs, warden, and
James Leather, conductor; trustees,
D. H. Robinson, city treasurer; W. H.
Lewthwaite, city cashier, and J. H.
Cashin.
CIVIL LIBERTIES
Campaign for Release of Political
Prisoners in the United
States
THREE   GOVERNORS  REPLY
Appeal Signed by Committee of
Prominent Liberals—Freedom for 114 Offenders..
MEW YORK.—That the campaign
for the release of prisoners serving
terms under state laws penalizing expressions of opinion or membership in
radical organizations will be long and
difficult, is indicated in thc first responses' received by the American
Civil Liberties union to a telegraphic
appeal tor Christmas amnesty sent to
the governors of seven states by a
committee of prominent liberals. The
appeal was signed by Jane Addama of
Chicago, Jennette Rankin of Montana,
Father John A. Ryan of Washington,
and Norman Hapgood, Rev. John
Haynes Holmes, Frank P. Walsh and
Prof. Harry F. Ward of New Tork.
It requested the release of 114 state
political prisoners, 97 of them in California, five In Washington, four ln
Idaho, four in Pennsylvania, two in
Oklahoma, one each ln Illinois and
Kansas;
Governor Friend W. Richardson of
California states In a telegram to the
Civil Liberties union, that "every application for clemency Is given careful
and kindly consideration," and that
"none of the prisoners you mention
have filed application."
Governor Louis F. Hart of Washington asserts ln his reply that the
five prisoners in hfs state "could have
had their freedom at any of the last
three quarterly meetings of the parole
board, but refused to accept It until
certain prisoners sentenced to the
penitentiary for murder were released, preferring to play the role of martyr."
Governor Charles C. Moore of Idaho
refused point-blank to admit the special status of political prisoners. "Idaho
prisoners referred to ln your message,"
he telegrapha, "are not war prisoners.
They are convicted for violation of a
state law still in force, and are subject to same regulations and entitled
to Bame treatment as other prisoners,
and have done nothing to earn parole
or merit pardon,"
"Governor Moore is hardly original
in denying that the criminal syndicalism prisoners are political," aald Forf.
Harry F. Ward, chairman of the Civil
Liberties union, In commenting on
these responses. "The same denial
waa made persistently by the opponents of federal amnesty. But the belated release of the last politicals Is in
the end an admission of what the
country knows to be a special set of
cases. These men are not criminals.
They have committed no criminal
act."
Whist Drive and Dame
The monthly whist drive and dance
of the Allied Label league, will be
held in the Cotillion hall next Friday
evening. Whist .will start at 8:30
sharp, and a good floor committee will
look after the dancers. Added interest la promised by reason of the fact
that each ticket bears a number, entitling .the holder to a chance on the
$65 suit which will be thus drawn for.
Alberta Labor Party Will Meet
at Calgary on February
the 23rd
[Special to B. C. Federationist]
Calgary, Alta., Jan. 10.—President
George Latham of the Alberta section
of the Canadian Labor party, has announced that arrangements hnve been
made to hold a convention of that
body in this city, commencing on February 23. An early call to that effect
will be sent out from Edmonton to
those concerned. The executive will
leave no stone unturned to make the
conference a big success.
The British labor party la ln an impregnable position, and we seek no alliance with the liberals, says T, B.
Naylor, VL, P.
6c A COPY
% %   RIDING A VERY HIGH HORSE
! -■■■  -     ■ ■* *      —?  ' '  ___
Too HiRh For Hini To Reach Her.
I
A Oreat Rally of British Labor
Party—Leader Macdonald
Receives Ovation
DANGERS OF ANOTHER WAR
"The Pompous Folly of Standing
Aloof from Russia Will
Be Ended"
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON,   Jan.    9.—There   was   a
great rally of labor men and women at the Albert hall, held yesterday,
to celebrate the victories cf the general elections. The chief speakers Included Ramsay Macdonald, leader of
the opposition, J. R. Clynes, George
Lansbury, J. H. Thomas, Robert Smillie, Miss Margaret Bondfleld and Herbert Morrison. Leader Macdonald
received an ovation, lasting several
minutes. Admission was by ticket,
and the big auditorium was crowded.
In his speech, Leader Macdonald
said: "We are not going to take office
in order to prepare for a general election, but for the purpose of working.
If capital flees from the country when we come into power, lt will
be the panic-mongers who will be responsible and not the labor party."
Continuing, he said: "There la not a
capital city today but contains embers
which a fresh-blowing wind will scatter over the Inflammable material In
Europe and start a new war. My
party desires to enter ofllce with a
broad foot and a big heel to stamp
upon every one of these embers." He
added: "The pompous folly of standing aloof from the Russian government will be ended."    (Applause.)
Wait on Minister of Luhor
J. H. McVety, general superintendent for British Columbia of the employment service for Canada, visited
Victoria on Wednesday with the longshoremen's delegation, to interview
Hon. A. M. Manson, provincial minister of labor, and his deputy, J. D.
McNIven.
Loll Tor u Long Voyage
Jack O'Brien, well-known to printers throughout the northwest, and a
member of Vancouver Typos, No. 226,
Balled on board the EmpresB of Canada when Bhe left Vancouver on the
flrst leg of a trip whtch will take the
magnificent passenger vessel around
the globe. Jack will officiate as printer during the long voyage, whloh
terminates In May,
Militarists Tasted Blood—Eaten
Millions of the Flower of
the Land
SO SAYS FIRST SEA LORD
Prof. Miller of Chicago Advocates
Examination and Licensing Editors
TO BEGIN WITH YOUNG MEN
That Huge War Debt Should Be
Paid by Those Whom the
War Blade Rich
UrpHE WAR has led us into having
a conscript nation. Conscription
Ib said to have been abolished. Has
it? The militarist faction has tasted
blood. They have become like man-
eating tigers; they will never rest till
they get it back. They have eaten already millions of the flower of the
land. As for the huge war debt, hanging round our necks, it ls Incomprehensible that this debt should not be
pnid by thobfl whom the wer node
rich.
"The nation was fooled into the war.
The nation was fooled into conscription. The nation was fooled nigh into
bankruptcy. What good has como of
it compared with the millions massacred by it?"—Lord John Flshor, flrst
sea lord, in London Magazine, London,
Englapd.
WILL BE WARM CONTEST
Candidates Who Seek Election
for North Vancouver
City Council
Municipal electlins in North Vancouver city will bo bold on Thursday,
January 17. Candidates so far announced are: For mayor—Mayor
Dugald Donughy, and ex-Mayor Goo.
H. Morten. For aldermen—At present there nro ten candldatea in the
field for the six seats on Lha council,
namely: Aid. B. E. Townsley, Aid, A.
Prior, Aid. E. II. Bridgmnn, Aid. H.
B. Stoker, Aid. W. A, Tolmio, Aid. W.
J. Irwin, A. E, Harron, Mrs. Ben
Evans, George O. Wobstcr and Alex.
Philip.
Warned Against Paper Standards
Set Up Ideals That Are
Not Carried. Out
EXAMINATION and licensing of
journalists were advocated by
Justin Miller, professor ln the college
of law, university of Minnesota, in un
address before the American Association of Teachers of Journalism, which
closed Its sessions at Chicago recently.
The examination and license plan,
Professor Millor urged, should begin
now with young men and women entering the profession. As theso take
the places of the older peoplo now
active in journalism, he explained, the
new system would tend both to create
a new professional consciousness, and
to raise ethical standards. He traced
the history If rules for admission to
the bar nnd of regulations Tor disbarment, showing how those hnd gradually Improved the Ideals and practices
of tho legal profession. He warned
ngainst paper standards which set up
Ideals that are not actually carried out;
"In addition to believing in ihe
examination and licensing of Journalists because of whnt it will do for the
press," said Profosslr Miller, "I nm
interested in the plan because It will
stimulate nowspapers to support
higher of admission to tho bar, for
which we need public support. The
various professions must all co-operate In movements for higher ethical
standards If wo are to accomplish the
maximum of good."
C. V, R. Pk'r
At a meeting of Vancouver Building
Trades committee, hold on Tuesday
evening, one of the detonates rose and,
speaking with an air of assurance, nald
he had information from a reliable
authority that construction work on
the new C. P. R. pier would positively
begin in May, 1926.
Stonni nnd Operating Enitlm-cn.
Both Vancouver'locals of the Mtenm
and operating Engineers nre working
along highly progressive linos, There
Is considerable unemployment In the
ranks at present, nnd. while Improve*
mont In this respect seems slow, It Is
hoped that thoro will be a change for
the bettor early ln the new year.
Robert D. Cowe, of Muslclnus union,
Local 145, recently joined tho ranks
of the benedicts. The happy event
took place Christmas eve, with Merit
Kool supporting tho groom. The
felicitations of a wide circle of friends
aro extended to Mr. and Mrs. Cowe,
with, the hope that all their troubles
may be "little onea."
WORLD PEAOE CONGRESS
An Historic Volume Is Now Ready—
Speeches by Labor Leaders
and Many others
[Labor Press Service]
The report of The Hague International Peace congress of 1022, now
available at 2s. 3d., is an excellent
narrative of a gathering rendered historic both by the Issues discussed
(many of them deriving from problems still unsolved) and by the standing of the delegates present Speeches
by Arthur Henderson, J. H. Thomas,
Miss Margaret Bondfleld, C. Roden
Buxton, Miss Jane Addams and the
Dean of Worcester are Included ln
the text of the volume, which Is alius-
trated with a sketch by the famout
Frenoh artist Steinlen, and by numerous photographs. Copies may be obtained from the Joint Publications department, 83 Eccleston squaro, London, S. W. 1.
10 BIRKENHEAD
In Name of "Public Safety" Calls
for New Bloc Against
Labor Government
THIS   PEEVISH   PENSIONER
Gets £5000 a Year and Becomes
Alarmed That Aged Poor
Hay Get 15s. Week
[Labor Preaa Service]
T ORD BIRKENHEAD Is a national
^treasure, and he ought to be added
to the crown jewels and safety guarded for the benefit of the community.
When his conscience is atitred he always .sparkles and flashes In a most
dazzling Btyle. After a somewhat long
slumber his .conscience has begun to
stir him to uction at tho prospect of a
labor government. "Every one," he
writes, "appears to assume that we
must inevitably see a socialist government in power In a few weekB."
To the Right Hon. the Earl of Birkenhead this Is "the most astonishing,
the most irrational, and the most cowardly assumption which experienced
politicians have ever made.
-w ' Tory Party Most Go
The tory party will no longer be In
power; indeed "conservatism and all
lt standa for at this moment are in
deadly peril." He can see no reason
whatever why the socialist party
should be allowed at this moment to
take offlce. Nor, presumably, can he
see any means by which the tory
party itself can prevent it; and his
anger at the obvious Impotence of
himself nn.d his friends Is understandable. He shouts about "impertinent
nonsense," "inaolent bluff," "whole-
Bale bribery" and "flnanclal ruin." But
really It is not the safety of the nation thut ls causing him all this worry;
It Ib the prospect of dire misfortunes
that await the tory party to which he
belongs. "Considerable as were the
labor gains et the last general election," he warns all and sundry, "It Is
my expectation that in the event supposed a socialist government would
very largely (und at the expense of
both parties) add to its strength ln
Industrial areas."
What Lubor Government Will Do
And what, In his view, would a labor government do? "It will grant
pensions to widows. It will extend
pensions to all clnsses. Jt will increase the amount of the pension to
IBs, a week." Wc accept Lord Birkenhead na nn undoubted authority on
pensions. He receives one himself
from tho state—not one of Ifls. a
week, nor of 15s. a week, but of £5000
a year; so he must know a lot about
pensions. He dislikes the thought,
however, of a labor government that
would grnnt pensions to widowed
mothers, that would see to It thnt the
old-age pensioner received the full
pension without any of the mean deductions that are now being made In
thousands of enses, that would dare
oven to think of raising the pension
from 10s, to lfis, n week. And so he
culls upon the liberal and tory load
erB to "take counsel together for tho
sufetly of the nation," Then he Ib opposed to a lubor government because
"It will produce nn uttractlve housing
scheme."
Housing Scheme
The    tory    government    promised
(Continued on page 4)
ElliriMBEHI
Helpless Because Unorganisation
They Offered No Testimony
to the Board
A recont dispatch from Edmonton,
Alborta, stntes Hint organised girls employed In laundries, retail Stores and
manufactories In that city havo had a
prncticnl Illustration of the value of
trade unions by a wagu reduction of
$1.50 a week, ordered by the minimum wage board. In some rases
spokesmen for the girls were selected
Ity the bosses, It was shown that ln
only one Instance did a girl stand up
for her rlghta, nnd ahe was a member
of a trade union. The other girls
were helpless because of their unorganized condition, and offered no testimony to the hoard that waa objoc-
tlinable to their omployers.
Ten-hour Work-day in the Metal
Industry of the Ruhr
District
B
DOE TO EXTBKME DISTRESS
Employer! Take Advantage of tbt
Dole Suspension to Compel
Workmen to Aeoept
[Special Correspondence]
jKiU/IN.—The gradual resumption
of work In the metal induitry of
the Ruhr district la leading to a replacement of the eight-hour day by
the ten-hour ehlft, since the employera
refuse to engage workmen under any
other conditions. A fierce struggle
over this question has been going on
for several weeks in the Ruhr valley,
and It is only due to the extreme distress in which the workmen flnd
themselves today that they are giving
up their most aacred revolutionary
achievement. Por more than ten
months the population of that district
has boen living on the meagre rates
of the unemployment doles, faced by
an ever-increasing cost of living and
suffcring'under the hardships inflicted
upon thom by the armies of occupation. Repeatedly since the giving up
of passive resistance attempts had
been made by tho employers to remove the eight-hour day, but as long
ns the working population was receiving unemployment doles It was in a
position to continue passive resistance, which In this Instanace was directed against the mine owners and
industrial captains.
The situation, however, changed
when a few weeks ago the government announced that it Would have to
suspend tho payment of unemployment doles to the Ruhr population on
account of tho unfavorable state of
the German finances. Although the
governmont did not immediately make
its threat true, this announcement
nevertheless gave to the communities
an excuse to Interrupt the.payment of
unemployment doles whenever the
workmen of their districts refused to
accept work under tho now conditions.
Such action has been reported from
Duesseldorf, 'Otslxs—re and Muehl-
heim.
Point Groy Pay* «l«a,M_ In Wages
Statistics compiled by W. A. Shop-
pard, municipal treasurer of Point
Grey, show that during the last two
weeks of December, 108, or approximately half the number employed
during the busy season, were on the
payroll of the works board. The, average for the year, based on the full
-4-hour week, was 185, with a payroll of $162,284. July waa the best
month of labor, with 200 op the municipal payroll.
N
Workingmen   Enabled   to   Buy
Nine Oood Homes at Weat
Philadelphia
MOVEMENT BOUND TO OBOW
Funds Were Raised by a Sale of
Stock to Union Men and
Oeneral Public
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Jan. 9.—W. T.
Allen, treasurer of the Quaker City
Co-operative Construction company,
says: "We have enabled workers to
buy nine good homes In Wesi Philadelphia, without undergoing financial
hardship, and they were built at a coat
of 20 per cenl. less than Individual
contractors would have done this winter. Thc first payment is $ 1000. After
ttfat the homes can be paid for nt the
rato of $8.24 a month. Undor such
conditions, it Is not risky to prophesy
that thc movement Will continue to
grow until It will be a big factor In
solving the housing problem." The
funds for the erection of the nine
houses wore raised by the sale of stuck
to union men and to the general public. Through sale of stock nbout.
$8000 wus rained. That was sulllcicnt
to finance the purchase of land, nnd
lo start construction.
Work on KUnutor to Ih- Resumed
Construction work on No. 2 grain
olevator al Baliantyne pier, wliich has
been shut down since Christmas, will
be resumed on Monday 1st.
Left fur Ottuuu
Ex-Alderman It. p. Pettipiece is
now in Ottnwa, In which city ho Is attending a meeting of the executivo of
tho Trades ond Labor congress of
Canada, of which he Is one of the
vice-presidents.
Met with Accidont
J. Aron, of thc Vancouver Typos,
while operating a saw In thc composing room of tho Vancouver Sun, met
with an accident whoreby two fingers
on his right hand were severely
lacerated. He Is now getting olong
very nicely, atithough It will take a
couple of weeks to property heal the
wounds. PAGE TWO
sixteenth YEAR. No. 2 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. b.c.
Published evory Friday by
The   British  Columbia   Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office, 1129 Howe St.
Editor:   Goorge Bartley
Subscription Bate: United Statei and Foreign, |3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 lor alx months; to Unions subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
montb.
FRIDAY..
..January 11, 1924
SOUTH VANCOUVER KLECHON
A GREAT deal of Interest Is being
manifested in local labor circles In
the forthcoming municipal elections in
South Vancouver. This Interest is by
no means of a passive nature, as one
may see by the fact that the Labor
Representation League has entered a
field of six candidates; of these, four
will contest seats on the municipal
council and the other two will seek
the suffrage of the electorate as
school trustees. South Vancouver Is
pre-eminently the working man's residential district; of this thero can be
no question. It Is only Just and equitable, therefore, that labor should have
considerable voice in the conduct of
affairs within the municipality and
the government of civic affairs generally. All of the men nominated by
the league are qualified to take a part
in this work; some of them have had
a good deal of experience in municipal
work, which will tend to make them
valuable representatives of labor In
the municipality.. The league have
been working strenuously during the
campaign, and a great deal of credit
is due them In this connection. The
platform of the candidates ls sane and
business-like. It only remains for the
workers In tho municipality to exercise their franohiso Intelligently on
Saturday, Jan, 19, by voting for the
candidates who will study their interests, which, the final analysis, are the
best interests of the municipality at
large.
TRADE   REVIVAL (?)
ONE can hardly look at a dally
paper without seeing a prophecy
that trade is showing signs of a revi
val—that feint signs are still definite
and distinct. The politicians, backed
up by numbers of business men, will
tell,you so. Columns and tables of
figures will promptly be produced to
prove that there are plenty of ground
for their optimism. Thus ls put forward srtho old thread-bare story, so
familiar to us all since the close of
the groat war. In spite of ..the great
mass of articles and spates of oratory
about the approaching tidal-wave of
trade and Industry, nothing from day
to day turns up for the man out of a
job; nothing happens, unless it be a
further tightening of conditions affecting unemployment. So the workless now turns a doaf ear to all such
Micawbor talcs, realizing that politi
clans and big business are not able or
broad enough to solve the industrial
problom. Whon things become quito
quiet, they realize that the people
must bo jollied, so they break out
afresh with their stock-in-trade
hoaxes, namely, the whiskey trade (as
tf onc who can't even buy a meal, can
buy liquor), take a fling at the clubs,
and inorcase a bartender's license.
The cheap coolie labor hoo,x Is at present resting, but may be trotted out
any old time. Then there Is the
great protective tariff, that ancient
standby that has covered up a multi-1
tude of schemes whereby the dear pub-'
lie haB been plucked to a standstill.
The big fellows koep away from the
real honcst-to-goodness qifbstlon of
industry. No, mister politician, and
mister rapitollst, you may damn the
querulous task of solving unemployment, but you can't choke it, or divert
it. by the red-herring or ostrich method. Verily, patience ceases to be a
virtue with working people.
tLtU
**\e-"ft_ |
Ut72i
At Least £200,000 Changed Hands
on the London Stock
Exchange
[Labor Pross Service]
AT LEAST £200,000 changed hands
on the London stock exchange in
connection with bets nn the election
majority, says the Dally Express, with,
that relish characteristic of our pseudo-American press whenever It sees a
chance to talk of money, Thus, ln the
very temple of high finance, whence
proceed the loudest and most querulous complaints against labor plans
for sound business government ln the
Interests of the whole community,
those issues on which national health
and prosperity depend are treated
merely as an opportunity for a kind
of "flutter" which is as cynical as lt ls
dishonest. But, after all, the politics
of the "hard faces" are merely a gamble at any time; from this point of
view there is not so much in It.
FRIDAY January 11, 192
CHRISTIAN PACIFIST"
One of Greatest Troubles Is Fear
of Losing All or Part of
Work Time
EXPERIMENT   UNDER   WAY
FREEDOM  OF THE  PRESS
DURINO the past couple of weeks,
the editor has beon receiving several venomous and spiteful letters,
both private and for publication—
very probably wrltton by knaves, but
maybo by "cranks"—who one and all
fmngine or fancy they are in a position to dictate the policy of a labor
paper. From their point of obsorva
tlon, labor should havo only one ob
jcctlve, namely, the upsetting of all
the liiws of (he country and condemn
ing all and sundry who are not In
favor of the particular viows they
hold. Let It bo understood that The
Foderationist is Issued to protect the
interests of tho working people, so far
as lies ln ils judgment; also to give
tho views of anyone interested In the
labor movemont. The following ox
tract from a letter, which appeared in
su eastern exchange, is timely:
"Truth Ih stranger than Action."
Strange an il mny seem to an editor,
there lived In Fitzgerald, Oa., some
years agp, a gentleman who owns a
small ncwHpnper outfit, used mostly
for doing JoU printing worlt, but as a
meana of atlvortlains he printed a
small newspaper. Tho owner of tbo
outfit, having no inclination or lacking
the time in which to do the editorial
work, struct! upon lhe Idea of permli-
ting any onc who could write aud desired to do ho freo to edit tho newspapor. Ho overy onfi who had Home
personal or fancied grievance agninst
somo one would write an editorial
against his enemy or HUppoied enemy.
You can guess lho re-HUlt to the whole
newspaper outfit, jot* work and alt,
The bost motto Ih: "All the news that's
fit to print"
Tho Americans are a great and a
wonderful people.   You ask 'om.
Is Unemployment Insurance the
Solution of the Problem
of Idle Times?
[From the Railroad Trainman]
/~\NE df tho greatest troubles that
employees experience is caused by
the fear of losing all of their work or
even part of it. It is the ghost pf
threatened need that destroys their
peace of mind. With one exception,
so far as is known, the garment trades
have taken tho initiative in guaran<
teeing a certain number of weeks of
employment during each year, which,
we are advised, has assisted generally to stabilize the business, decrease
the rush periods, and do away with
large numbers of unemployed who are
able to find work only during the busy
periods of the year. By guaranteeing
48 weeks work each year all of the
regular employees stand to lose wages
for about four weeks, while before the
agreement was made that many
months of lost time too often was the
rule.
Unemployment Insurance
Unemployment insurance is carried
by the employer and employee that
serves to provide the 48 weeks guaranteed wages. Another industry it ls
believed entitled to credit for initiating the employment guarantee is
Procter & Gamble . of Cincannati,
which has for a long timo guaranteed
its employees 48 weeks regular employment and regular Income. It also
has adopted a profit-sharing dividend
plan, whicli pays from 10 to 20 per
cont. on wages. The scheme combines
insurance of work and profit sharing. The company guarantees to all
of its employees participating In the
plan full pay for full time worked for
not less than 48 weeks in each year,
less only time lost by reason of the
usual holiday closings or because of
fire, flood, strike or other extreme
emergency, which in railroad agreements is referred to as "an act of
God." The company roserves the
right to transfer an employee to work
other than at which he is regularly
employed, but pays him at a rate not
less than the rate paid at his regular
employment.
Transfer of Employees
This proposition also Is in line with
the railroad agreements which guar,
antee a man who is transferred from
one daily servioe to another, while he
Is holding a regulUr position in one
aervice that he shall recoivo the high
est rate payable in either service, |
The plan adopted by Procter &
Gamble, like that of the clothing
trades, has not been in operation sufficiently long to prove by experience
whether or not it Is going to bo successful, but it hns done this much,
If it does nothing else, assured
the employer of a bettor balanced corps of workmon and
work women because thoy are reasonably certain they will be able to earn
sufficient wages to take care of themselves and not become dependent
through loss of employment. It Is believed that tho guarantee against'lost
time will prove to bo one of tho
greatest factors ln stabilizing business
and insuring employers a contented
corps of efficient employees.
MR. 0. H. MORPEN
Candidate for Mayor of tba City of North
Vancouver
MR. MORDEN came to this Province from
Ontario In the year 1869, and is therefore, an old-timer of British Columbia, hav*
ing resided here for thirty-four years. For
the past sixteen yoars, he bas been located at
the City ot North Vancouvor, during all of
which period he has been editor of tbe Morth
Shore Press, and managing-director of tho
company. Mr. Mordon has occupied many
public positions, among which are president
of the Board of Trade, member of tho School
Board, inombir of the City Council and
mayor of the city (1022). He Is active in
social organizations, being tho newly-elected
president of the Klwanis club. He also takes
a live interest in athletic sports, being president of the Morth Shore Amateur Athletic
association. On big record he Is an outstanding friend of organized labor. Mr- Mor-
den's platform runs along progressive but
careful lines. He advocates the early establishment of direot connections betwoen the City
of North Vancouver and Second Narrows
bridgo by the extension of tho line of railway from the eastern boundary of the city
(where it stops under tho bridge contract) to
Lonsdale avenue, to conn. *t with tbo P. <l.
E. railway, and the coiio.ructlon of a hard-
surfacod highway along tho best routo available between tho city and the bridge. Ho is
in fnvor of the vigorous prosecution of negotiations wherever an opportunity can bo
found for the purpose of securing elevators
and industries for the North Shore. He
realises the necessity of holding down the
tax-rato to tho lowest possible level, and advocates rigid economy, having due regard to
efficiency.
Bok Peace Plan
[F. P. Burdlck]
'THE peace plan that won the Bok
prize of $100,000, calling for limited
and unobligatory participation of the
United States in the League of Na-
tilns, and the substitution of moral
force and public opinion for force in
the enforcement of its decisions, etc.,
does not appear to bo as remarkable
or effective a method of bringing about
peace on earth aB the suggestion of
Elihu Root, chairman of the jury of
award, that all nations "prohibit the
manufacture and sale of materials of
war."
The principal- reason thero are so
few murdors iu England is because
of the rigid restriction of the manufacture and sale of firearms for individuals, whilo one of the chief rea-
asons why murders are so common in
the United States is because any one
who has the price and tho desire, can
own a gun. This contrast constitutes
a great object lesson for the world.
The surest method, and possibly the
only method, to end war, will be by
the nations agreeing to stop the manufacture of the materials and implements of war,
As French francs, spent by the million by French- soldiers in Germany,
are worth something, and confiscated
Gorman marks are worthless, it would
seem that France's policy of force and
military occupation has met with success—for German shop-keepers.
Returned by-University of Wales
as Member of the British
Parliament
[Labor Press Service]
pARDIFF,   Wales.—The   university
Wales has opened up a new path In
the political representation of universities. These bodies usually return reactionaries, but the Welsh university,
by electing George Ma Wand Lloyd
Davles, has added to the house of
commons one of the most remarkable
and uncompromising idealists of our
day. Although he was supported by
the labor party, he did not stand as a
labor candidate. He subscribes to the
principles of "labor and the new social order," but they do not go far
enough for him. Mr. Davles described himself as a "Christian pacifist,"
and upon that plank he fought the
election. In his election address,
which was really a pamphlet, he outlined his views, and these proved potent with the younger graduates, most
of whom hall from working class
homes. **
Business man and housing reformer, Mr. Davles was a conscientious objector during the war, and he served a
long term of imprisonment at Dartmoor.
Since the war be has gone up and
down Wales advocating Christian pacifism, knocking at the doors of presbyteries asking for permission to address them.
In his own words, he has been "on
tho mat" outside the doors of religious
conventions.
He has taken a great interest ln the
agrarian problem. Once he asked the
Anglesey monthly meeting of the Cal-
vlnlstlc methodists, "What have you
to say on the agrarian problem in
Anglesey?"
It is only recently that he has had
an opon doof\ At first he was regarded as a nuisance, but Mr. Davles believes that it is as sinful to take offence as to give offence.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management]
I. W. W. and Russia
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: As an
example, of the intelligence of the
working man of today, I quote the
following; At a Joint branch meeting
of the I. W. W. of Vancouver, the
following motion was presented: "That
this meeting go on record as being
opposed to any unfair or destructive
article being published against soviet
Russila in the I. W. W. press."1 Mo
tion defeated 60 to 4. The I. W. W.
actually agreed that unfair and destructive stories should be published
in thoir papers. Incredible, as it may
seem, this ls absolutely true. I being
the mover of the motion, I will say,
however, that some of the more intelligent members have tumbled to It,
and there Is some talk of having the
eyesore expunyed. I hope for the
sake of the I. W. W. thiB letter will
be published. JAMES FORBES.
Vancouver, B. C, Jan. 4, 1924.
PITTSBURG LABOR UNIONS
Will   Opon   Ten   Now   Co-opcratlvc
.Stores In March of
This Year
Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 10.—Arrangements have been nearly completed
whereby ten new co-oepratlve stores
will be opened here early in March,
b/ the Central Union Label Trades
council, according to Charles E. Sin
nlgen, secretary of the Label Trades
council, who Is promoting the flnanc
ing of the enterprise.
Ijaltor Party May Oust Smuts
The Labor party of Pretoria, South
Africa,'have confirmed the agreement
tentatively entered into some time ngo
between tho labor and nationalist parties in South Africa, tho avowed ob-
Joct of which is to join forces In ousting Goneral Smutz from the premiership and to provent tho Smuts government from profiting by three-cornered contests ln the noxt general election. The Nationalist congress has
ratified the pact also,
, The Dumbclls Are Coming
The Dumbells company limited will
present Captain Plunkett's flfth annual overseas revue, "Cheerio/' at the
Orpheum theatre, on Monday and
Tuesday next. "Cheerio" Is now playing to capacity business In the east,
and every one who has seen the show
Is authority for the opinion that
"Cheerio" is the biggest and best revue
that the Dumbells havo given so far.
The company Is still headed by Canada's foremost stage stars, Ross Hamilton and Al, Plunkett. Other outstanding members of the cast are John
Hagan, admittedly the greatest comedian of all the concert parties in
France. Hagan is probably better
known to the soldiers as Ginger of the
old "C. 2's." Then there is Stan. Bennett, that clever chap who takes off
thc London Johnnie so excellently.
He ls a riot In "Cheerio." Another
laugh-getter of no mean ability ls the
dlmunitlve Pat Pafferty. Pat is just
five feet of fun. Ben Allen and Jack
Grace provido tho dark humor of the
piece, and T. J. Lilly and- Morley
Plunkett handle lhe eccentric characters with good effect. "Cheerio" is
entirely new and different from any
of tho former Dumbells shows. Not
a line, not a song, nor setting that has
ever been used before, bas found Its
way into the script or score of "Cheerio."
Koytil Clty,Civlc Fathers Discuss
Oriental Lahor
Considerable discussion took place
at Tuesday's meeting of New Weatminster city council over the quostion of Oriental labor, A suggestion
was submitted requesting that n clause
be Inserted In the agreement drawn
up between the B. C. Berrygrowers'
union and the city, stipulating that
only whilo labor be employed in tho
proposed canning plant to he erected.
The communication containing th*
suggestion was finally fllod, no action
being taken.
English  Hallway Men  Vote Against
Award
The executive of the Associated So
ciety of Locomotive Engineers and
Firemen, London, England, officially
announced on Tuesday that the view
of an overwhelming majority of mem
bers was against tho acceptance of tho
award of tho National Wage board,
Police Elect Officers
The Vancouver Policemen's Bonefit
association, at the annual meeting
hold last week, elected the following
as officers for the year: President,
Constable James Reid; vice-president,
Constable James Proudlock; recording secretary, George Donald; secretary-treasurer, Inspector Charley Tu-
ley; trustees, Deputy Chief D. Leather-
dale, Sergeant Roy Perry and Sergeant John Deacon. Inspector Chas.
Tuley entered on his fourth term as
secretary-treasurer, being elected by
acclamation.
Wit and Humor
h—m iti.^ii!'! miinil|inn„l>*-?
Henry Knew
Wlfey—You know, Henry, I speak
just as I think.
Hubby—Yes, dear, but oftener.
Glum Prospect
"Don't cry, little boy. You'll get
your reward In the end."
"S'pose so. That's where I alius
do git it." '
No Argument Here
"It's a shame," cried the young
wife, "not a thing In the house fit to
eat. I'm going straight home to
mamma."
"If you don't mind, dear," said the
husband, reaching for his hat, "I'll go
with you."—Pathfinder.
In the Morning
Father (to indolent son)—You nre
now In the very morning of life. Why
don't you get up and do something?
Son—I guess that's the reason, dad.
You know it's blamed hard to get up
in the morning.
Needed tho Fine Money
The Bingvllle board of selectmen
had held many sessions, and finally
formulated a set of auto laws that
was the pride of the county. So the
constable felt no worriment when he
stopped a motorist.
"Ye're pinched for violatln* the
auto laws," he pronounced.
"Which ono?" Inquired the traveller.
"Durned lf I know, but ye certainly
hain't come all the way down Main
stroot without bustln' ono of them."
Tut—Tut—Tut
Mrs. R. E. Former—What would
you call a man who had hid behind a
woman's skirt?
Mere Man—You mean today?
Mrs. R, E. Former—Any time—yes,
today.
Mere Man—A magician.
A Know Nothing
"What Is that stuff you are going
to give my husband?" asked the agitated wife.
"An anesthetic," replied Dr. Agro-
monte. "After he has taken it he
won't know anything."
"Then don't give it to him," she
exclaimed.    "He doesn't need It."
It's love.what makes the world go
round, but whiskey'll have just the
same effect if preserved In.
The price of a darning needle ln
Oermany Is one billion marks. Don't
go over there If you have a hole ln
your sock.
Buy in the Low Rent
District and Save
Money
Men's flne Dress Boots, ln black
or tan; 6 to 10. Special....$0.00
Men's  extra  strong tan' Work
Boots, with toe cap; fl to 10.
Special  at  $4.00
Men's knee Gum Boots, 6 to 11.
at  * $4.45
Child's knee Gum Boots,  6  co
10 H, at  $2.25
Women's knee Gum Boots; 2*\_
to 7, at $3.23
Muleskin Gloves, at    40c
Boys' heavy rib Wool Stockingo;
6 to 10, at     50e
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
Between 7th and 8th avenues
Phono, Fairmont 4859
accept this
invitation
"Cascade" invites you to experience the
joy of drinking the fineat beer brewed in
the west—to partake of the concentrated
nutriment of Canada's choicest barley
■nd hops, brewed to perfection—to get
that fine feeling that cornea from drinking real good beer. ,
Ineiit on "Catcade," and tot the perfec
tion of latiefactlon. All Government
Liquor Store, aupply it.
Vancouver
Breweries
Limited
Tliis nihertisetiicMif is not published or displayed by the Liquor
'.-uitral Bourd or by llib Government of British Columbia.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Excellent Values in Sheets
and Sheetings
Pure Bleached Cotton Sheets, hemmed
ready for service.
63 by 90 inehes, $3.25 for $2.95 pep" pair.
72 by 90 inches, $4.25 for $3.95 per pair.
80 by 90 inches, $5.75 for $5.25 per pair.
80 by 90 inehes, $4.95 fBr $4.50 per pair.
80 by 100 inches, hemstitched, splendid quality,
$7.50 for $6.50 pair.
72-inch, pure bleached Sheeting, 85c for 75^ yard.
80-inch, 85c for 75^ yard.
—Drysdale's Staple Shop, First Floor
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
CHRIST IS HEBE, A HUMAN
BEING
Bead Tolstoy's Revelation,  Toe Ead of
Ooiumerclalism. tbe Church of Bome and
Degenerate Art.
Read this hook, 35c postpaid
L. E. SENEY, 306 Jackson Ave
Vancouver, B. C.
Bankrupt Stook of
Fashion Cloak and Suit Oo.
Selling at Half-Price
VISIT this groat re-nnlo of high-class
Coats, Drosses, SuitB and piece goods
at tho "Famous." Stock bought up at
46 conts on tlio dollar—now cloaring so
as to savo you 60 per oent. Como early
whilo tho selection Ih complote.
CLOAK and
SUIT  GO. Ltd.
623 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Famous
Ring np Phone Seymonr 28-M
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite   301   Dominion   BnUdlnf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Oeorgia Street
THE JOT OF HEARING A VOICE
WHEN you aro travelling ovoning
brings lonesome hours. You would
bo glad if it woro possible to pack yonr
grip and flnd yourself Instantly at homo
or among your friends. You cannot make
thta quick visit, but at tho noarost tolo-
phono "Long Distance" will send your
voico back whero yon want to bo, When
you hoar tho voice, you feel its presence.
Tho voice ir tlio person. That's why nothing can take tho place of tho telephone
as a medium ot communication. You feel
yon uro with tho person to whom you aro
talking.
B. O. TELEPHONE OOMPANY.
HAVE you over bad a real drink
of Puro Apple Older during the
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
wo bave lntroduoed reeently a pure elear
sparkling apple elder ln pint bottles,
either pure sweet or F nv-n-nment regulation %% hard apple elder. These drinks
are absolutely pure and freo from all
carbonic add pus or presorvalivea of
any nature. Writo or phona your order
today, Highland 90.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1966 Commercial Drln, Vancouver, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBISTBRS, BOLIOITOBS, BTO.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hutingi St W. VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Telephones: Seymour 6666 ud 6667
Snnday services, 11 a.m. and 7;S0 p.m,
Sunday    achool    imm«jt«*-w    *-«—«--
morning service,
meeting,   8   p.m.     «■
001-003 Birks Bldg.
is, ll a.m. and TtSO p.m,
Immediately following
Wednesday testimonial
*t_   Free   reading   room,
B. F. Harriion
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO., LTD,
AMBULANCE! SERVIOE
838 KINOSWAY       VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Phone Fairmont 68
Mainland
Cigar Store
SIO C&RRAUi STREET
THE PLAOE FOB PIPES
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms]
48 H   CORDOVA STBEET EASTl
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE I
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
HASTINGS   AND   COLUMBIA   B_\
—"LAID OFF"—
Tiro Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
COMI'XMT and POVERTY
Base ten protected ypUMlf «nd yonr family »g__ut inch us emergency,
»ltk . BAVINOS ACCOUNT*— tke moit rtlui-l. Anet . mu un Ut. for
tin "RAINY DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND yoa to lUrt inok u ."count AT ONCE,
.t on. of onr Oity Brftnohu.
BAST-HOB ud SRTHOUB OM. I. Bunion, HuufU
Oordor. ud Abbott _____ ud IDtk An. lUla ud Bro_dm?
WHERE TOU WILL BBOBITB PROMPT AMD OOOBTEOOS ATTBKTIOI
Union Bank of Canada!
P.S.—If yon are living in * oommnnlty not provided with Banking facilities, all* ■
dress as by mail, and we will be glad to guide yoa ln respect to "Banking by Halt"
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
•      When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work Tor
the last fifteen years. We guarantee sat
isfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices. ■
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phonea:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C.
1 FRIDAY.. January 11,  192*1
SIXTEENTH YEAR.    No. 2
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbr. rc.
PAGE THREE
Let Me Put Your
Teeth Right
Specially Reduced Prices
By Which I Save You at
Least 50$
All work and materials guaranteed of highest grade—the
same as always used during my 17 years' practice in Vancouver.
Oct my estimate—tills offer Is for every type of work:
Exprewton plates, hygienic bridgework and' crowns,
IUUiirb, extractions, pyorrhoea treatments, dental X-
*   ray Hlma and diagnosis.
Dr. Brett Anderson
15-year
guarantee
given
to ovory
patient.
Formerly member of the faculty oi the College of Dentistry, University of Southern California; lecturer on orown and bridgework;
demonstrator in platework and operative dentistry, local and general anaesthesia. ,*;
602 Hastings Street West.  Phone, Seymonr 3831
Comer Seymour—Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
VANCOUVER TBADBS AND LABOR
Council — President, R. H. Neelands, M.
L. A.; general aeeretary, Percy R. Bengough.
Office: 808 Holden Building. * Phono Bey.
7495. Meets in Labor Uall at 8 p.m. on
the flrst and third Tuesdays In month.
ALLIED  PRINTING TKADEB COUNCIL—
Meets second Monday in tbe month.    President, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Neel-
ands. P. 0. Bui 06.	
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
819 Ponder  St. Wost—Business mootings
every   Wednesday   evening.     A.   Maclnnis,
chairman;   E. H. Morrison, sec-treas.; Geo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
I B, 0., corresponding secretary.
I    Any dlatrlct ln British Columbia desiring
I Information re securing speakers or the for-
[(nation of local branches, kindly communicate
■ with provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
1624  Birks   Bldg.,  Vancouver,  B.   0.    Tele-
I phyne Seymour 1892, or Fairmont 4938.
(BAKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 871— Meets
second Thursday overy montb In Holden
Building. President, J. Brlghtwell; flnanclal
secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenuo
East.
| JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union of America—Looal 120, Van-
I couver, B. C, meets socond and fourth Tues-
I days lu each month in Holden Building. Pre-
I sident, C.'E. Hcrrett. 71 Hastings St. East;
I secrotary, A. R. J uni, 320 Cambie Streot.
I Shop  phono,   Sey.  2702,    Bosldonoe phone,
I Doug. 217 IK.	
1 INTERNATIONAL     BROTHERHOOD     OP
Bolleniurtters, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
t 1    mi—Mut Intra    first
era   oi   America,   uwa.   *~*    ...	
and third Mondays lti each mouth In Holdeu
Building. Presidont, P. Willis; secretary, A.
Fraser.   Offico hours, 9 to 11 n.m. and 8 to 5
p.m. .
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—ll you need
bricklayers   or  masons   for  boiler  worka,
[etc., or marble Betters, phone Brieklayera'
Union, 811 Holdeu Building,
COFFEE
'In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Unipn,   nw   ___.„._.-■   ..___ 	
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners, Local 452—President,
R. W. Hatley; recording secretary, \V, Page;
business agent, Wm. Dunn, Office: Room
804—319 Pender Street West. Meets second
and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 809 Holdon Building.
CIVIO   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meets   first
and third Fridays in each month, nt 445
Richards   Stroot.    President,  David Cuthltf,
2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Goo.
Harrison. 1182 Parker Street.	
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
Steam ond Oporating, Local 844—Meets
every Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 806 Holden
Bldg, Prosldent, J. Flynn; buttiuoBs agent
and finanoial secretary, F. S- Hunt; rocordlng
secretary, D. Hodges.
CITY FIREFIGHTERS UNION NO. 18-
President, Null MacDonald; No. 1 Fireball
secretary. 0. A, Watson, No. 8 FirehaU.
GENERAL LABORERS UNION—MEETS
overy first and third Monday in Holden
Building. Presidont, J. R Hawthorne; financial secretary, A. Padgham, Joyeo Road P. 0.,
tr -ver,   li.   C.;   recording secretary,   G.
'2249—45th   Avo.  EaBt,   Vancouver,
INTEBNATIONAL UNION
■ wi u.HU... —A Operating, Local 682—
I Meets eery Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
1806 Holden Bldg. President, Charles Price;
[business agent and flnanolal secretary, F. L.
| Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T, Venn,
Mr. Peppar Again Convalescent
A. H. Peppar, of tlie Street and
Electric Railway employeos, No. 101
who has been seriously ill through a
ruptured blood vessel, Is now able to
bo out of doors again. &Tr. Peppar
who Is particularly well-known in ang
ling and in sport circles generally, is
sponsoring a project to transform Lost
Lagoon, Stanley park, ittto a well-
stocked trout pond for the beneflt of
local displcples. of *Isaul< Walton.
JANUARY
CLEARANCE
SALE
Now in Progress
—WITH—
EVERT DEPARTMENT IN THE
STORE PARTICIPATING
Because Stocks are Exceptionally Large
> Prices have been Marked Unusually Low
Sale windows are featuring some of the special offering*.
Make a point of viewing them.    They demonstrate
some of the extraordinary bargains this sale offers.
^iJitfBtiJsorfs Bay (Tompana^
Interesting mural fragment dealing with tope very ancient custom, taken from Tutankhamen's tomb,
now being translated by Egyptologists. .      j
MACHINISTB LOCAL 892—Prosldent, Thos.'
' Sills; socretary, W. Wareham; business
agont, P. R. Bongough. Offlco: 807 Holden
Building.    Meets on second and fourth Tuos-
[days in month.	
MUSICIANS MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
■ UNION, Loeal 145, A. P. of M.—Meets at
, Moose Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
President, Ernest 0. Miller, 981
Neison mruet; socretary, Edward Jamieson,
90i Nelson Streot; financial secretary, W, E.
WilliamB,   991  NeUon Street;   organiser,  F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street.	
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORATORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
1-JB, Vancouver—Moots 2nd and 4tb Thursdays at 148 Cordova Street West. Phone,
gey, 8510- Business Agent, H. D. Collard.
PILE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF AND
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Moets at
112 Hastings Streot West every Friday, at 8
.p. m. J sb. Thompson, financial secretary.
'SAILORS' UNION OF THE PACIFIC, 135
1 Cordova Bt, Wost, P. 0. Box 571. Phone
[Spy. 8703-    Meetings every Monday at 7:30
[p.m.   Q>. Campholl, business ageat,	
EDERATED SEAFARERS' UNION OP B.
0.—Meoting nights, first Tuesdrfy and Srd
i-'riday of each month at headquarters, 818
Cordova Stroet West. President, D. Gllles-
(lie; vlco-presidont, John Johnson; socrotary-
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 318 Cor
Sova Street West. Branch agent's address*.
George Faulknor, 578 Johnson Stroet, Vic-
|orl», B. C,
At the Orpheum
This week at the Orpheum theatre,
B. C. Hilliam has been proving himself
a stellar drawing- card. He is a for-^J
mor Vancouver newspaper man, who
loft tho home fold and made a very
successful mark on Broadway. His
"Hllllamosques of 1923" is a tuneful
melange of clever and entortalning
material, nnd but a small part of thc
elevor things his prolific pen ha3 ac
complishod In recent years. He is
assisted hy a capable company of
soven . peoplo Tho balanco of tho
seven-feature ': ot bill is uniformly
good, each offering establishing; its
popularity instantly.
Next week's bill, starting Wednesday night, offers the famous Xaryl
Norman, the Creole fashion plato, as
heudllner in a seven-act bill. lie presents a new musical act "The Tuneful
Bong Shop," assisted by a very clever
company.
In lho near future Mclntyre and
Heath, minstrel veterans, celebrating
their golden Jubilee of stago partnership, and also Capt. Bruce Bairns-
father, famous English cartoonist and
creator of "Old Bill," are also appt-ar-
mg.
Some of the Contradictions
of Capitalism
form,   h.  v.  ^ ^ 	
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM^
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
ployed, rioneor wiy«'»». «*-■ ---,-r d
K P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st ana
jfrd Mondays at 10:15 mi. and 7JJ*J»
Lldent,   F-   A.  Hoover,  2409  ClarKo
(recording aocrotary, F. E. Griffin, 447—Oth
lAve. East.;  treasurer. A F, Andrew;  financial seoretary and business agent, W. H. Cot-
It roll, 166—17th Ave. W.   Office, eorner Prior
Band Main Streets.    Phono Fairmont 4504Y
JOURNEYMEN     TAILORS'     UNION     Of'
)   America,   Local   No.   178—Meetings   held
first Monday In oach month, 8 p.m.    President,   A,   R.   Gatonby;   vice-president,   Mrs,
'Dolk;  recording secretary, 0, McDonald, P.
0. Box 508; flnanolal secretary, P, MoNelsh,
P. 0. Box 508,	
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDER-
" ATION—Meots at 091 NeUon Street, at 11
| a-m. on tho Tuesday preceding the 1st Sunday of tho month. President, E, A. Jamleson, 991 Nelson St.; Secrotary, 0. H, Williams,  991 Nelson St ;  Business Agent,   F,
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 228—Pros.-
dent, R- P. Pettipiece', vlco-prosldcnt. .1.
|M. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66. Moets last Sunday of
each month at 2 p.m. in Holden Building, 16
'Hastings Street East.
PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION, No. 413—President, S. D. Macdonald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689. Meets last Thursday of eaeh
month*
[WORKERS' PARTY OF CANADA—308 tf
Fonder Street W.ist. Business meetinga
■even- 1st and 3rd Wednesday every month.
IM. Carpendalo, corresponding secretary j G,
(Tether,   flnanolal   secretary;
LAST SHOW SATURDAY NIGHT
B. C. HILLIAM
"HILLIAMESQUES OF 1923".
AND   ALL-STAR   VAUDEVILLE
STARTING WEDNESDAY NIGHT
Matinees Thurs., Friday and Saturday
KARYL NORMAN
(Cnole Fa-Mon Fl>to)  In
"THE TUNEFUL SOND  SHOP"
FEANK DEVOE
THBEE MELVIN BROTHEBS
HERT BAKER mill OO,
liAllll mill  MEHCIiUKB
" REBT HANI/ON
NEWH0FP and PHELPS
und Chniinc-y Gray's Orclicstra
AttractlTo Pictures Ooncart Oicheatn
Popular Prices
Seymour 862
Musicians Will Moot
, The general meeting of the Musicians' union wll! be held In the Moose
■ hall. Homer streot, on* Sunday morn-
Ping1. The new officers will be Installed
I and annual reports of affairs and com-
nl^teee WiU be rocelvod.    .....  „■
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
CANADA~"nnd U. S. A,
1 UnionMusidansEmplqyed Exclusively \
LEND YOUH PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS* LABEL.
[P. "W. Mooro, Lund]
TF WE might personify "capital," for
the sake of reference later, an appropriate   name   would   bo   that   of
"King."
It is theoristI<-illy a state or condition if happlnoitf existing for the benefit of many millions of so-called "civilized ingrates." It is not necessary
to apologizo for calling them ingrates
since a goodly percentage confess to
being so. It is a matter of surprise
that so few have sufficiently good
taste to appreciate tho many blessings showered on their heads by "His
International Royal Highness," Not
the least of these ls the traglo-comlc
series of mild thrills that one receives
when diagnosing the disease that is
slowly wearing his imperial life away
—'the contradictions Involved in his
very existence.
These contradictions are Incidental
to many of his most Important activities, but in tho circumscribed space
necessarily alloted to a newspaper article, it will only be expedient to deal
with a few that can be recognized
with littlo trouble by anybody who
ha;, developed, even ln an insignificant
degree, lha quality of observation. By
otntradletiohs we mean those paradoxical .luattqns in which "his majesty," posing as a democrat, professes to confer many lasting benefits
on th» human race, while nt the samo
time an examination of the forcos
that are used partly to modify his
decrepitude and delay his death, will
serve as evidence of the Impossibility
of ever materializing his ambitions,
as long as he himself is esconsed on
the throne. Examples or these forces
are numerous, It Is only nocessary to
chooso a few, not because they are
the most significant, but rather on
account of the fact tbat thoy aro tho
most obvious.
His Royal Highness King Capital,
for Instance, linngines that tho pro-
sent anarchistic method of producing
for a market whoso capacity to absorb
tho world's commodities is continually and automatically becoming more
limited, Is a benefit to mankind. Ho
rarely connects this circumstance with
the unemployment tbnt follows in Its
wake, and it nevor scorns to strike
him that the International congestion
in tho labor market might havo other
contributory causes as well ns the war;
Indeed, In attributing it to tho dislocation of trade Induced by war conditions, wo aro only removing lt one
step further bnck, since tho war Itself wns caused by trade rivalry incidental to tho market for products that
must bo sold beforo further employment Is possible. Not only that, but
unemployment existed to a very large
oxtent before tho wnr, and has now
ovolved from a sporadic to a chronic
condition, and thai chiefly as a conso-
(|itencc of the effects of Improved machinery and tho sale of tho samo to
backward countries which in turn
produce goods for, and help to mako
a plothora on, the world's dwindling
market. This condition hns obviously como to stny, but more significant
still, the laws that produce it are
bound to make It worse as time goes
on.   In the meantime the sophists of
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
ytho king, not necessarily dishonest,
but just capitalistically-mlnded, advise his more fortunate subjects to be
benevolent and sociable.
In the Sunday Sun for December 18,
Is one of tho mnny ■ examples that
comes under our notice. It is an illustrated editorial depicting a modern
Croesus behind the bard of a cage in
which he has shut himself out from
ail intercourse with the poor; to the
right depleted another cage enclosing
a richly-appointed coffin by way of
reminding him that life ls short and
that his selfishness Is not w,orth while.
All this seems quito plausible, chiefly
on account of tho mental atmosphere
with which we wore surrounded since
youth; yet it is incidental to a con
tradiction, the causo of which is not
hidden in the man so much as in the
class to which ho belongs. In the act
of raising themselves to that class, or
of maintaining their position when
born in It, they have used as working
implements the lives of the poor turned by the golden touch of a Midas
Into commodities, and if theso very
commodities, of a humanifcrous nature, enabled tho philanthropic capitalists to return an Insignificant fraction of what they acquired to the poverty-stricken members of the elass
that produced it; if tho benevolent rich
really realized the temporary nature
of their stewardship, and compared
tho unmoral effect of their gifts with
tho ennobling influence of mental
training thrnugh an educational tongue
that would fearlessly and publicly
analyzo social conditions and place nt
tho disposal of all the workors an opportunity lo learn to regulate the ebb
and flow of production and distribution In the interests of the community Instead of Mint of a fow monopolists! wc should soon have a humanity that needed no charity, but on the
contrary, one that was able to produco moro than tho needs of the world
called for, In a few hours of dally
labor, ns witness the colossal powers
of production which enabled a coin
paratlvely few elderly men with the
aid of the women and boys to keep
Villlioim of armed men fed, clothed
and housed for four years, and thnt
when they woro engaged in the worst
kind of destruction during lhe late
war.
The machinery and rnw materials
■—vegetable, mineral and human, are
already hero. Tho weakness lies In
lho mental apathy of the masses; and
this apathy wilh regard to the cause
of their misfortunes, Is not confined to
the manual laboring clnss. Retail
store-keepers all over tho country
nro loud In their praises or a system
that is throwing them.gradually and
Inexorably Into the ranks of the pro-
letaire—a system compatibly with
wblch dollars and cents How from
overy littlo country town towards the]
big departmental stores of tbo cities.
Tho local paper may howl metaphorically about dislayolty to ono's
homo town, but that wilt not prevent
the gradual extinction of the small
dealer, plnco a customer with an opportunity to buy In a chenpor market
can hardly bo expected to pursue a
different policy from that followed by I
the business man under similar eir*
cum stances.
Here then is one of" the contradictions of King Capital; he creates a
need for the -distribution of charity,
and then offers stones Instead of
bread; the crumbs that are needed for
physical sustenance, Instead oif that
equality of opportunity, incidental to
which a system would soon be evolved
undor whose auspices the word "charity" In its prosent sense would soon
become obsolete. The development
of man involves a thorough knowledge of his position in society and of
his real relation to culture and progress.
Is not then help given to an educational league for tbe purpose of
spreading the truths referred to, beyond all comparison, the most useful
form of charity? It might still be
necessary to dispense the other kind,
but that should be done by a levy, or
in some other way in which the right
of the citizen to the means of life
should be recognized.
Theoretically there is splendid provision made for the education of the
citizen, but practically the contlngen
cles of modern conditions nullify its
possibilities.
Wo have nn abundance of common
and high schools and universities
which are virtually free, but unfortu
nately tbe people for whom they were
presumably instituted are not free,
They are bound by the chains of circumstance to the mines, mills, factories and farms for so many hours
dally that little time and less energy
remains for the purpose of the study
so essential to the future welfare of
all men. Tho average family must
send the boys out to work on graduation from the common school, and we
niight add that to a very grent oxtent
success in life Is dependent on attendance at that institution,
Mr, Wells, In his "Outline of History," thus comments on tbe subjoct:
"The second half of the nineteenth
century was a period of rapid advance In popular education, At tbe
back of ibis process was the mechanical revolution apparently regard Iobs
of social conditions, but really Insisting Inexorably upon tho complete
abolition of a totally illiterate class
throughout the world." [Seo page 03-i
of tbe book referred to.l
On  the snme subject, the late  Mr.
Chamberlain at the chamber of com-'
inerce banquet in Birmingham, England,, ln 1896, remarked: "Even the
educational department bases its claim
to the public money upon the necessity of keeping our people well to lhe
front in the commercial competition
which they have to sustp-ln."
We can gather from this that His
Majesty King Capital requires from
his humbler producers an elementary
education, but takes no interest in
creating conditions whereby they
might pass on through the higher Institutions. "Our present public school
system," (a system corresponding to
our Canadian system of'hlgh schools),
says P. W. Sanderson, head master at
Oundle, in an address in Leeds, England, on February 16, 1920, "is candidly, based on training a dominant
master class. But the uprising of
tbo workers and modern conditions
are rapidly making the dominant method unworkable." [See Well's Outline of History, page 120,  note.]
We might now turn to our own
country, Canada, where, as we have
stated, schools and universities arc
virtually free. Thoy are so like similar institutions in tho United States,
that statistics from one mny bo regarded as quite applicable to the other.
(Continued next  week)
Independent Laborlte Withdraws
Stating that he objected to certain
actions of the Independent Labor
party during the past year, W. D. Baylor, M. L. A. for Assinibola, has announced his withdrawal from this
group ln the Manitoba legislature. He
will sit as an independent.
At a recent meoting of the local
Musicians' union, Secrotary Jamleson
reported the existence of a non-union
orchestra at Purdy's tea rooms. Efforts are being made to reach an amicable settlement with the firm.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
CORPORATION OF POINT
q6e?
THE Board of Police Commissioners cf tin*
Corporation of Point Orey require tbe
services of a Jailor, who will also aat as
janitor at tbe Municipal Hall. A married
mnn without oncumbrance preferred. Com- ~
■nn. nc inn salary, $100.00 per month and
quartern at the hall.
Applications stating age, qualifications and
othor particulars   tn   reach   the underlined
by noon of Saturday, January 12 next.
HENRY FLOYD,
Secretary.
CORPORATION OF POINT OREY
TENDERS WANTED
THE Counoll Ib prepared to sell tbe following used mnchinery:
One Fodon Steam Wagon,
One Cictrac Tractor  (1920 model).
Two Wa tenuis  Steam Rollers.
THE COUNCIL IS PREPARED TO PUR-
CHASE:
One Auto Stroet Flusher.
One Gasoline Road Koller (10 tons).
Ono Tractor.
Specifications and full particulars may ba
obtained on application to the Municipal En*
glneer.
Tenders for the sale or purchase of any or
all of tbo abovo are Invited to reach the undersigned by noon of Monday, January 28,
1924.
A deposit by certified cheque ot 6 per cent.
of the amount of tho proposed snle or purchase Is required from each tenderer as security that his proposal, If accepted, will be
carried out.
Tenders must he under cover and endorsed
on tho outside "Machinery Tender."
No tender necessarily accepted.
HENRY FLOYD.
O. M. 0.
Municipal   Hsll,    5851   West   Boulevard,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Labor Paper aa Advertising
'- Medium—;	
Printer's Ink, Uio recognized authority on advertising, says:
"A Labor paper is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper. A Labor paper,
for example, having 5000 subscriptions, is of more
value to the business man who advertises in it
than ordinary papers with 25,000 subscribers,"
ADVERTISE IN THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
THE WORKERS' WEEKLY
Always Sparkling-Good
for Every Season
BEER
JUST SAY "BRITANNIA"-IT SIGNIFIES PURITY PAGE FOUR
sixteehth year. N,. 2 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vANoonvit. ag
FRIDAY January  11,  192-
REG'LAR FELLERS-Jimmy Breaks the News
By GENE BYRNES
Fifty  Soup  Kitchens  Opened—
Over One Hundred Thou-
and Must Be Fed
OTHER   PLACES   TO   START
American Workers Will Hake a
Drive for $15,000 by
February 1st
[F. S. R. Preas Service]
pHICAGO, Jan. 8.—News has just
Vyeached this country that fifty soup
kitchens have been opened and are
being maintained in Germany for the
hungry. These kitchens are supported by French, Czecho-Slovakian and
Dutch workers. The first one was
opened by workers of Holland on October 25. Up to December 31, 105,000
were fed in them, and 150,000 loaves
of bread wero distributed. Of these
fifty kitchens, France, Holland and
Czecho-Slovak la maintain their own
at a cost of $2000 a month. Each
kitchen has a signboard over lt giving
the nationality of the workers maintaining it. Several other kitchens are
about to be opened, among tbem one
to be supported by the American
workers, who will make a drive for
$15,000 by February 1. This will pay
the Initial outlay of 5500 -for equipment of an American soup kitchen,
and $2000 a month for upkeep until
the summer.
Lord Birkenhead
(Continued from page 1)
houses, but failed to provide them.
Apparently a labor government which
will deal with the housing problem
with earnestness and determination
ought to be repelled. Conservatism
is in deadly peril because a labor government would produce "an attractive
housing scheme," and would get on
with it.   Labor must not be allowed
to come into oflico because it will
mean business; and Lord Birkenhead,
again placing party boforo country,
asks: "How many tories sitting for industrial seats will successfully resist
(or try to resist) these proposals when
produced from Downing street" by a
labor government?
Will Deliver the Goods
Having convinced himself of the
ability of the labor party to carry out
its pledges and to deliver the goods
which his own party failed to do, the
noble earl launches Into a characteristic "appeal to common sense," and
In the name of "public safety" calls
for a new bloc against labofc If the
liberals will not keep the tories in
ofllce, the tories must keep, the liberals
in office. Somebody must be given the
power somehow so as to dish labor.
What an appeal to commonsense?
What a flne concern for the public
safety! But It is just what we would
expect from the Right Hon. the Earl
of Birkenhead.
Labor alone has a policy which It
can explain and Justify, and which is
not merely words, says F. W. Pethlck
Lawrence, M. P.
SOUTH VANCOUVER MUNICIPAL ELECTION, 1924
POLICE COMMISSIONER
Re-elect F. F. McPhail
For a Progressive and Efficient Police Administration
VOTE TUBS:
McPHAIL, F. F.
Why People Subscribe for
the 6. C. Federationist
1. For 15 years The B. C. Federationist has fought the battles of all thoBe who work for a living, whether they go to
work with a white collar or overalls, endeavoring to make
better conditions for all wage-earners and their families, by
helping obtain a greater degree of justice, bettor wages, shorter working hours and fair working conditions.
2. The Federationist agitated for and helped obtain such
valuable laws as the Workmen's Compensation Act, the Minimum Wage Act for Women and Mothers' Pensions.
3. The Federationist, is the only paper in British Columbia
that gives labor's side of public questions, and onc should have
both sides.
4. IF ONE WANTS ALL THE NEWS, particularly
labor's side of strike troubles, political campaigns and fights
for better labor laws, as well as labor news of interest and
importance from all over the word, ONE HAS TO HAVE A
LABOR PAPEB.
SUBSCRIBE FOR THE FEDERATIONIST
BOOST FOR THE FEDERATIONIBT
W****************-*^^
:
Ask for
:
!
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A fall-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
my of the famous imported
■lee, and at much less cost to the
consumer.
At all Government Vendors
Ttrit advertisement ii not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Oovernment of
Britiih Columbia*
%imM0*0****00lt*mimtmt*$*l$mm
;
*
■
■
BUILDING TFUOES ACTIVE
Oommlttee Working Energetically to Oomplete Organization
of Building Trades
A -fairly well-attended meeting of
the Vancouver Building Tradea committee was held at Labor headquartera on Tuesday evening, under the
chairmanship of William Dunn. The
question of organizing the local build
ing trades was fully discussed from
various angles, and much information
of a valuable nature was gleaned as a
result. The suggestion was made that
a quarterly button, to be worn by all
recognized union men in the building
trades, would be a step In the right
direction, and would materially assist
in.furthering the organization of the
workers.
It was decided that a recommendation be submitted to the Trades and
Labor council, urging that body to
make consistent ■ effort towards getting the two stonecutters' locals both
soft and hard stone workers to affiliate with the council.
The committee will mee,t again on
Tuesday 22nd inst. when a full representation of delegatea is expected,
Spirit of Unity That Led to Re-
cent British Labor Victory
So Prepared
London.—Decisions of vital importance to the nation and to the labor
movement were taken at meetings of
the labor party executive and of the
Tradea Union congress general council held at 33 Kccleston square, recently, when resolutions reviewing the
results of the election and determining the line of action for the movement in the immediate future were
adopted. The reaolutlons of the Labor party executive were as follows:
"That this meeting of the executive
of the labor party congratulates the
successful candidates who now comprise the parliamentary labor party,
expresses lta appreciation of the self-
sacrificing efforts of those candidates
who were unsuccessful, and places on
record its appreciation of the splendid spirit of unity, loyalty and devotion displayed by the entire labor
movement whtch contributed so substantially to the victories of the general election.
"In particular the national executive congratulates the secretary, Arthur Henderson, upon the splendid
success which has attended his great
and untiring efforts in organizing the
magnificent electoral triumph, although It meant diverting his personal
attention for some days from his own
campaign ln East Newcastle. It hopes
and believes his absence from parliament will only be temporary.
Splendid Response
"The executive desires to place on
record lta sincere appreciation of the
splendid response received from
friends outside and within the labor
movement, to the call for flnanclal assistance, the generous contribution
from the local parties and afflliated
organizations, and, ln particular, the
handsome gift of £10,000 presented by
the National Union of Railwaymen.
"In view of the critical parliamentary position which may Involve the
country in another general election nt
an enrly date, tho executive requests
Mr, Henderson and the headquarters
staff, together with regional officers,
to proceed at onco to make all tho
ncM-cwuiry arrangements ■— flnanclal
and otherwise—for tlio next contest,
which will be the most momentous In
the history of the party.
"The national executive of the labor
party rejoices that the parliamentary
labor party Is to continue to bc the official opposition ln the house of commons, and declares Its opinion that,
should the necessity for forming a
lubor government arise, thc parliamentary party should at onco accept
full responalblllty for the government
of the country without compromising
Itaelf with any form of coalition."
Tho resolution of the Trades Union
congress general counci^ was In tho
following terms:
"The general council of the Trude*
Utiton congress welcomes the iinprn-
codonted success of tho labor party at
tho   polls,   and   wholeheartedly   approves thc opinion of the national executive of tho labor party, that, in the
event of labor being Invited to form
a    govern ment,    the    parliamentary
I party should at once nccept full ro-
; Kiinnsttiltily Tor the government of the
\ country  without compromising Itself
with nny form of coalition."
FOR GO-OPERATION
Trade Unionists Must Be Prepared to Recognize Its
Special Difficulties
THE SYDNEY (N. S.) WOMEN
Education Is Life Blood of Movement-Society Own Tea
Plantations
rntED BRAMLEY, secretary of the
British Trades and Labor congress,
has the following to aay with reference
to the relations between trades unionists and the British co-operative movement: "Trade unionists must be prepared to recognize frankly the speeial
difficulties of co-operation. ... I
have yet to learn that any form of
collective pressure can be utilized to
compel any individual to become a
member of a co-operative society, and
co-operative development can only
take place ao far as the co-operative
factory or atore can place on the market commodities at such prices, plus
dividends, as may be a direct advantage to the individual co-operator."
A Women's Guild for Sydney, N, S.
A women's guild has been organized ln connection with the Industrial
Co-operative Society, limited, Sydney,
N. S. Mrs. A. McDonald was elected
president; Mrs. Wm, McKemjte, vice-
president, and Miss Margaret Curry,
secretary-treasurer. The executive
committee consists of Mrs. H. Norman, Mrs. G. W. Young and Mrs. M.
F. Keating, Women are more directly interested than men ln the business
operations of co-operative stores.
They are usually the purchasers and
succeas depends upon their goodwill
and support, A women's guild is consequently one of the most valuable
agencies to be found in connection
with any consumers' society, and we
hope that the one recently established
at Sydney will prove to be of great
service to the movement in that city.
Co-operative Training Schools
'Education," said Professor Stuart
at a British co-operative congress
many years, ago, "Ib the life-blood of
tho co-operative movement," Por
many years, in -the United States and
Canada, most people responsible for
direction and management of co-operative societies have been seeking to
dvelop a bloodless typo. Almost invariably and naturally the experience
has been a comparatively short, as
well as an anaemic existence. The organized movements in both Canada
and the United States have for years
past been trying to bring home to all
Interested ln co-operation the imperative need of co-operative education.
Recently our fellow co-operators in
the United States have made a considerable advance In this respeet by
the establishment of co-operative
training schools.
Direct from Our Own Plantations
The British Canadian Co-operative
Society, Limited, recenly reoelved
some samples of C. W. S. tea direct
from its plantations in Ceylon with
the object of promoting a Bale to a
greater extent than heretofore. At the
request of the board of directors, the
educational committee organized a social, so that the tea might bo sampled.
A very Interesting and instructive
evening was spent. Secretary-manager W. C, Stewart read an excellent
paper on "C, W. S. Tea," which was
much appreciated. The,paper dealt
with tea from its earliest history down
to the present time, and statistics
were quoted showing the Immense
strides the English and Scottish cooperative wholesale societies had
made In Ceylon and in Lemon Btreet,
London, England, in growing and
blending lea to suit tho tastes of co-
operators, Mr. Stewart stated It was
the intention of the board to deal extensively in this line of co-operative
production, and he had no doubt that
the co-operators of Sydney Mines
would be served with a class of tea
which would give them every satisfaction,
On Unfair List
The controversy between the man-
,i:cnu-nt or Alexandra dancing academy and the Musicians' union ls still
In progrcRK, with little sign of settlement. The local Trades and Labor
r ouncil have, therefore, declared the
Alexandra lo he on the unfair list.
IITEIIMIIML m
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Denmark
Unemployment—Denmark's number
of unemployed increased by about
10,000 persons, or from 20,754 to 30,-
500. The last-named figure, however,
Is about 12,000 under the 1922 total,
and 36,000 less than the number out
of work at the close of 1921.
Esthonia
Retention of Eight-hour Day—It
has been announced in the state assembly, by the new minister of labor,
that the eight-hour day will probably
be retained In Esthonia, In accordance
with the recommendations of the International Labor conference at Washington, D. C.
Franco
Labor Shortage at Marseilles—So
scarce are certain classes of skilled
and unskilled labor at Marseilles that
the public employment bureau Is advertising for workers.
Germany
Breslau Labor Market—At the middle of* last month, labor conditions became increasingly unfavorable in the
Breslau district. The number seeking employment was 87,000; unemployed persons numbered 63,000, an
increase of 9000 over the previous
week, and vacant places fell to 1700,
which was 700 less than those available during the week before.
Unemployment at Frankfort—With
45,000 persons totally without means
of support and at least double thiB
number who are in desperate need of
relief in Frankfort, public and private organizations of a charitable nature are confronted with the necessity
of furnishing 10,000 daily needs to the
poor.
Switzerland
Unemployment—In spite of the
general upward curve in unemployment the watchmaking and textile Industries are showing improved conditions, and the furnishing'of work by
the state continues to decline.
NWiOHAL
STEAMSHIP
TICKET AGENCY
TICKETS TO ALL PARTS OF
^     THE WORLD
Agent for all Steamship
Companies
Drop Ia snd Let Us Talk it Onr.
BOBT. HAT, Agent
Vaneouvar, B. O.
Annual Supper -
The   Canadian    Merchant Service
guild   will  hold their annual supper
a nd   dunce   thia   evening   In Lester
Court.   This popular event is nlways
eagerly looked forward to and ls sure
to he well attended.
Baby Boy
Congratulations are extended to E.
A. Griffiths, of the Vancouver Musi-
clans' union. A fine, healthy baby boy
recently arrived at the Griffiths' home,
Both mother aud young son are doing
very nicely.
W.WILSON
Loggers said Surveyors
BOOTS
Hade to Order
Our Specialty
Repairing Neatly  Done
28 WATER STREET
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Phone, Soymonr 038
WB CATER TO TUB LABOR
MAN
FOR REEVE
SOUTH VANCOUVER—1824
J.W.
T
Yonr Vote and Influence
Respectfully Solicited
MEETINGS WILL BE HELD
AS FOLLOWS:
Monday—TGcumsch School 43rd
and Victoria.
Tuesday—McBrido School.
Wednesday—Carlton  School.
Thursday—Mm niclpa] Hall.
Friday—Selkirk School and I.
O. O. F. Hall, Sist and Main St.
Jan. 19th Is Election day
VOTE THUS:
CORNETT, J. W.
Duniuhy Civic Employees Dame
The Burnaby Civic Employees union
and Employees Benefit association,
held their flfth annual social and dance
ln the public hall at Edmonds last
night, There was a- large attendance,
under the chairmanship of Reeve A.
K. McLean. A very enjoyable musical
programme was rendered, among the
artistes contributing being Mrs. Gold,
Mrs. Head, Mrs. Evelelgh; Misses
Wilson, Smith and M. Moore, and
ssrs. Smith, Graham, Hall and
Cooter. Community singing provided
a welcome opportunity for all present
to limber up their vocal chords, while
those fond of dancing had ample opportunity to gratify their desires In
thia respect.
F. W. Dyke Ul
Fred W. Dyke, supervisor of music
in the Vancouver city schools, and a
charter member of the local Musicians' union, has been seriously 111 with
an attack of double pneumonia. A
patient at St. Paul's hospital, Fred Is
on the way to recovery, and it ia
hoped, will soon be able to resume his
musical activities in the city.
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATUREIV-ONE    OP    THB    MOST   POPULAR
BRANDS   AT  THB   OOVERNMENT   STORES
GOLD LABEL
16-YEAR-OLD
Ask tor CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Hii idwilliimim li sot publlahed or di.pliyed by tilt X_«wi Control Board or
by tho Government of British. Columbia
Fresh Cut Flutters, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental und Shade Trees. Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
_8 Haatings Street East        2—STORES—2        HSS GranvUle Stnet
Ser. _8_-«7_ "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Bey. U1I-1M1
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
* McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Best $2.50
GLASSES OH EABTH
OOMMJ-TE WITH
OUB SCIENTIFIC
EXAMINATIONS
Glaalea not preaerlbed unless absolutely   necessary.    Examination^
modi br graduate Eyesight Special*
lata.    Satlaleclion guaranteed.
Wa grind onr own lossel. Leuiei
duplicated br null.
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical Houae)
Be  aura  of  the   addreaa—Above
Woolworth-a Store, near
OranvUle.
Bolts M, Parte na_____
<1< HASTIMS STBBBT WEST
^^^Pho^j^OT^^^
NEW B OOK
By BERNARD McEVOY
"Diogenes" of the Vancouver Daily Province
VERSES FOR MY
FRIENDS
A SPLENDID PRESENT.   AT ALL BOOKSTORES
Prioe, Oloth $1.60; Paper, fl.00

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