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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 20, 1919

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Array BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER!  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOi COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR
POLITICAL UNITT: VICTOHT
pLEVENTH YEAR.   No. 25
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 20,1919
(fc«?S3D »-50 PER YEAR j
I0CGERS BATTLING WITH
CONTRACTING OCTOPUS
improvements Have Been Made in Many Camps-
Strikes at Several Camps—"Law and Order"
Mob Has Overlooked "Revolutionary"
Activities of the Loggers
For as much as ye do It to the
feast ot these ye do lt unto me."
•o an outstanding figure of ancient
•story is reputed to have said;
ur authority being the officially ac-
lepted source, and labor with a
oice ot Increasing volume is using
similar figure of speech to those
IjnoramuBes, miscalled statesmen,
•ho, sot understanding the tre-
jiendous evolutionary social forces
hey blindly attempt to cope with,
Ire pitifully trying to obey the dictates of the financial interests
■ hose puppets they are, and, like
■lie bull ln the arena go rushing
headlong at the flrst thing which
akes the eye, believing, because
toping, that if only they but reach
t and just once make use of their
owerful weapons of brute force
henceforth all will be well.and
heir vision no more Invaded by
ed flags or their hearing with dis-
uletlng sounds.
Can't you hear the chorus ringing
jut over the stretch of many Gentries, changed in the personnel of
ie speakers from the trained gladi-
■tors addressing a bloodthirsty
aesar, to the sycophantic political
irellngs of Insatiable profiteers
{dressing the coming democracy,
Ve who are about to die salute
ju!"
Truly it Is a public cpnfesslon by
lie officials of state and muncipal-
!y ot servitude to the financial in*
Crests when they attempt to fasten
a to certain individuals responsible
y for a social condition, hoping by
j doing that they will have been
oemed worthy of their hire and
nat the sacrifice will be found ac*
bptable to the gods. This is just
1 modern interpretation. The anient superstition ot thunder being
ne cause ot the storm and a sacri-
ce being necessary and sufficient
) appease the angry diety.
Labor in the mus undoubtedly
ccepts the challenge, whether at
Ihis present hour or at a later one
■he final trial of strength will take
ilace who can say?' One thing we
E
Financial Interests Have
Power of Life and Death
Over Nation
Jtum'our has It that the bankers
of the city of Vancouver has donated 120,000 to the Citizens' Committee (or use in their attacks upon
^abor.   Similar rumours have also
pome from other cities where the
itrike is in progress, but lt appears
o be no way of finding out if tbere
s auy truth In the rumour.   The
Inanclal Interests of Canada, how.
iver. are known to be behind such
ommlttees and as It Is tlieir tunc-
ion to grab all they can there is
o doubt but that they are giving
bis money, thinking that it will be
eturned with interest by smashing
nionism.
Millions for Nothing
Bankers are able to dictate terms
>Ui to the workers and to the busl*
>ss element. The Canadian bank*
g system, just as banking ays-
ms in other countries is rotten.
ae man or it group of men with
million, dollars in paper money,
n deposit it with the government
ao will In turn give them three
r cent, on It and a charter to run
ibadk. The bank can then issue
jeteea million dollars worth of
per money and loan lt out at
per cent, and in that way prac-
ally control the destinies of the
tion.
know, that he who would fly in the
face of social evolution is foredoomed, and If In the turmoil some
of the class-conscious workers also
get eliminated "•'■' Y'tiiiWt
l"There, amid the world nevpo* V_J, • ■
T shall   their   earthly   deeds
abide,
Though theh* names be all forgotten and the tale of how they
died."
Whilst recognising the vast Import of the general strike, we cannot lose sight of the fact that it
will tend to seriously affect the ar
rangements for the camp delegates'
meetings on July 1, 2 and 3, and
the attendance ot members for the
general meetings on the 7th, 8th
mi Oth. It Is hoped that all who
can will attend for obviously some
of the big flnanclal Interests are
determined to endeavor to oppose
the Introduction of the eight hour
(or less) workday, and the camp
worker must decide if he Intends to
have It made general or not. It
means united action and a big flght
against the fun power of money and
proflt. The worker may as well
recognise that the biggest flght will
be against the Dominion and Provincial Governments functioning as
champions of the C. P. R. and its
subsidiary companies and against
the big contracting octopus. Don't
start the fight unless you mean to
go through with lt, but don't get the
idea that it is necessary to make
a hole in a wall with your head if
you want to get to the other side.
Don't put your cents against their
dollars, but use your knowledge
against their greed for profits.
By an oversight no one has yet
declared any of the strikes of members of the B. C. L. U. agalnBt rotten camp conditions as being part.J
of the revolution. This oversight
will, however, undoubtedly be
remedied In the near future as the
boys are carrying on the flght ln
every instance. Take note that
union men are on strike at Princeton, against the subsidiary companies of the C. P. R., namely, the
Kettle Valley Railway and the Tierney Construction Company, also
along the 200-mile stretch of the
West Kootenay Light and Power
Co. pole line from Midway to
Princeton. At camps 1, 2 and 3 of
the Comox Logging Railway Co. at
Headquarters Courtenay, the Mor.
gan Construction Cp. at Mullln's dry
dock, Prince Rupert; all camps In
the Prince Qeorge district along the
O. T. P.; Empire Camps 9 and 10
of Oenoa Bay Co. at Cowichan
Lake; Staltze Shingle Camp, Gib-
eon's Landing; Polokett's Camp at
Malena Cove, and the works of the
Canada Copper Corporation at Al-
(Continued on page 8)
Printing Tradei Mass Meeting
(*i mass meeting of members ef all
ions affiliated with Vancouver
led Printing Trades Council will
held Sunday afternoon, Juno 22,
2 o'clock, in the Lahor Templo,
discuss ways and means relative
uniformity in scales of unions of
■torla, New Westminster nnd
neouver. Delegates from Victoria
d New Westminster,   and   Philo
fward of Seattle, will bo in at*
dauce. In viow of tbe importance
> the subject a largo attendance of
jmbcrfl is expected.
lllllllllilliHill
Plumbers,
Steamfltters,
Marine Fitters and
Helpers
i Local Union No. 170
SPECIAL
[MEETING
Saturday, June 21,
at 2.30 p.m.
at the
LABOR TEMPLE
to discuss matters of
vital importance to
the. membership.
F. W. WELSH,
Business Agent.'
ITRUTHAS TO
Strike Stronger Than Ever
in Vancouver and District
New Westminster Workers Quit on Wednesday—Washington State Labor Convention Sends Money—Brewery Workers of Vancouver and
Westminster Quit—Workers Aroused by Government's Latest Acts
I
FIRST INT. OF
O.B.O.
ITTEE
More Evidence of Tactics
of the Enemies
of Labor
Form Committee to Protect Only Labor
Meetings
There are many people these days
that are seeing things that don't
exist. From every angle misrepresentation and Invective is hurled at
the heads of the workers, and the
parties most Interested ln spreading lies and false statements as to
the purpose of the Btrike, are very
busy hatching plots that never ex
lBted, except in the disordered
minds ot the hysterical members of
tlie community. The latest organ*
lssation to be attacked Is the Labor
Defence Committee, the members
of which can be recognized by the
scarlet L badge which they wear.
On Wednesday the Province published the following Item as to this
organization:
Today's bulletin Issued by the
Citizens' League carries a paragraph referring to the button with
a red "L" on it, worn by several
hundred of the prominent labor
meu. This button is the identification badge of tlie Labor Defense
League. The Citizen says that the
constitution of this league contains
the phrase: "So that when the clash
come* we may be In a position to
take over the reins of government."
Members of the Citizens' League
Informed The Province that these
words are quoted from an authetlc
copy of the constitution.
This statement Is untrue. The
constitution contains no such
c'ause, and the Citizens' League has
given another proof of the low
down tactics tills organization will
descend to In order to discredit
labor.
The Labor Defense Committee
was organized at the time the rumors were being spread as to the
Intention of breaking up of the
meetings ot the Socialist Party,
and the Federated Labor Party. It
was organized for tho purpose of
protecting labor meetings of any
kind from outside interference aud
for no other purpose. Article one
of the constitution gives vory clearly tlie reason for the organization
loins in existence. It Is as fol*
lows:
/rllclo I. Section 1.—"Tliis or*
gcr.lsaticn Is formed for the pur.
IJ030 of assisting and maintaining
the r;ghts of freo speech and free
afiFambly cf tlio working class; to
t l'Ltoct tt*e rl-'htp, interests and ac*
t*.!t*es of Inlcr." And that is all
.x-.it lo to tt. *
Three Local Unions Have
Amalgamated—Others
Are to Follow
The flrst unit of tho One Big
Union has been formed in Vancouver during the past week. Boiler
makers, blacksmiths and machinists compose this unit, and the
moulders, patternmakers and foundry workers are taking up the question and are expected to act favorably upon the matter.
The executive committee of Machinists Local No. 1, Boilermakers
Local No. 1 and Blacksmiths Local
No, 151, were recently Instructed
by their respective unions to de-
vlsc-ways and means of amalgamating the said unions. The commit
tee met and its findings were presented to their unions' and adopted
with the result that Blacksmiths
Local No. 151 of he A. F. of L. has
relinquished Its charter and gone
over solid Into the new organization, and the boilermakers, who
withdrew from the old union and
the machinists who had lta charter
revoked, make up the balance of
Local No. 1 of the O. B. U.
Membership Now 1,700
The membership of the new local now stands at 1,700 and this
only comprises the boilermakers,
blacksmiths and machinists. The
name ot the new local has not yet.
been definitely decided upon, but
it will likely be known as the Metal
Trades Section of the O. B. U.
Engineers and Firemen Line Up
Local 620, Steam and Operating
Engineers has relinquished its char*
ter in tho A. F. of L. and the mem*
bcrship has formed what is to bc
known as the Engineers, Firemen
and Oilers' Section of tho O. B. U.
The local has a membership of over
'   -A-
Mass
Meeting
will be held for all
workers in the
ARENA
Sunday Afternoon
at 2.30 o'Ciock
N SPITE of all the attacks that?havc been levelled at the
strike committee, thc Vancouver situation is better today than
it was a week ago. There are more men on strike than at
any time in the strike, and the lateit action of the government
in arresting the Btrike officials in Winnipeg has, instead of weak:
cning the men, as the government no doubt thought it would,
made them more determined than ever that this strike must be
won. ,
Wednesday the New Testininster workers quit as a protest
against the action of the government, and it is expected that
the eastern centres will soon line up with the men on strike in
the West.
Many have been thc attacks on labor during this strike.
Never in thc history of the labor movement have the so-called
respectable element descended to the low level and infamous
tactics that have been used in this struggle. But thcir invective, and their spleen are without avail. A mass meeting was
held in the Arena on Wednesday afternoon, and the collection
taken up amounted to over $700 as against $300 at thc first
meeting. f
Yesterday definite news was received from Winnipeg to the
effect that all firemen are out, as well as the mechanics in thc
car shops, and no freight is being moved from that point. In
addition to this our informant, who left Winnipeg on Monday,
stated that there was no electric light, and that the C. N. B.
station was lighted by candles and lanterns, and that a train
wih returning men was delayed foft'wo hours for passengers, as
this was expected to be the last train out. The streets are in
very bad condition, being littered With refuse, owing to the cessation of work on the part of the civic employees.
Armstrong, Bray, Queen, Heaps arrested by Dominion Oovernment
authorities, sent to pen 15 miles out.
side of city, pending trial.
E. ROBINSON.
. Saskatoon, Sask., June 17,1910
Secy. Council:
* Kindly forward a copy of this resolution to the president of tlie
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada: "Whereas certain leaders of the
labor movement in Winnipeg have
been arrested supposedly by the instructions of Dominion government.
and whereas this action could bo
very easily misunderstood and by
some construed as Intimidation
against the strikers, therefore, be It
resolved that we request the executive of the TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada to interview the
Federal Premier and Minister of
Justice with a view to having these
men released, failing which we
would suggest that Ihe dlffertn
trades and labor councils in Canada
Instruct the executive of the trades
and lobor congress ot Canada to recommend all union men ln Canada
affiliated with the Trades Congress
to dense work after reasonable notice as a protest against the action
of fhe Dominion government in or*
% the arrest of those men; falling actio" on tbe part of the Trades
Congress executive the different
Trades Councils in Canada be requested to demand the resignation
of the present executieve of the
Trades Congress of Canada.
Saskatoon Central Strike
Committee
These wires represent the feeling
tn the various points from which
they ■ cume, and reflect the feeling
locally.
Lute yesterday afternoon lt was
decided that the Brewery Workers
of Vancouver and New Westminster
and . the Soft Drink dispensers
should cease work this morning.
Much organization work has been
carried on during the week; tho
employees of the Vancouver Engineering works, who are on atrike, are
busy organizing, and very effective
work litis been carried on amongst
tlie Various workers that nre not on
strike, by decision ot the strike
committee.
There are few new developments
in the local situation. The tele,
phone service is being continued by
those individuals that do not usu
ally work, and the experience may
be of value to them in later years,
and judging by the service, the assistance gathered together by the
telephone company Is none too efficient.
A peculiar incident occured on
Wednesday evening. Secretary
Smith was ln the corridor ot the
labor temple, when he had a bill
pushed into his hand by a stranger,
the amount of the bill being (100.
This has been handed over to the
relief committee, and the giver can
rest assured that it will be used as
he desired, when he said it waa for
the good of the cause. J. Kavanagh
who is President of the B. C. Federation of labor, attended the Washington State Federation of Labor
convention yesterday, and a collection was taken up, the amount l-ea-
lized be'ing $475.00.
Following the arrest of the striko
members ln Winnipeg, the following wrles were received here by the
strike committee:
Winnipeg, Man., June 18, 1919.
Kavanagh:
Situation remains as solid aB
ever; arrests have had opposite effects than contemplated; workers
are more determined and word from
the east shows they are alive to
their responsibilities ahd expect
definite action accordingly.
ROBINSON,
Secy., Trades Counoll
Brandon, Man., June 17,1919.
Secretary Council:
The   following   resolution   was
adopted at mass meeting of organized workers In Brandon as protest
against the summary arrest of six
labor leaders In Winnipeg and calls
for their  immediate  release and
places Itself on record that workers
of Canada refuse to discuss a settlement of present Btrike until these
leaders are released and reinstated.
W. CRAIG, Secy. Council
Winnipeg, Man., Juno 17,1919.
Kavanagh:
Movement more determined and
solid  than   ever,    ivons,  Kussell,
To Biscuit Company Employees. I Ottawa, Canada.—The Labor
An organization mcc-titig cf the j Gazette, Issued by the Dominion
employees of Gavin Bros, anil LolghviDeifni'i'"ent of Ubor, reports that
Ramsays and the National KlsciiitMn A-jiil, MM, tlio rolail price of
Factory wilt be held In room _*)4 I'letf*.' . ■*■* f-inlly budget was 97.51.
of the Labor Temple this (Friday) j In tl* liid'e of April this year
evening at S p.m. ithe.;i*.i    had creased to $13.35.
Socialist Party to Donate
Proceeds of Sunday's
Meeting to Strikers
The Socialist Party of Canada
meeting at thc Empress Theatro
will bo addressed by Tom Connor
and Malciom Smith, who are
closo touch with the striko situation
all over the world at tho present
time. This party recognizes the
fact that the working class needs
money to carry on its splendid fight
against the master class at this time,
an dhavc therefore decided to givo
the full proceeds of next Sunday
night's meeting to thc strike committee. There are only a little over
1400 seats at this theatre, so you
must bo early to get ono.
The usunl interesting questions
and discussion will be proceeded
with. Doors open 7.30 p.m. prompt.
Chair taken at 8.
MINOR MATTERS LEFT OVER
UNTIL STRIKE IS SETTLED
Trades Council Has Short Session—Leaves O. B. U.
Manifesto Over Until Strike Is Settled—Locals   *
Standing Pat—Question of Union Eating
Houses Receiving Unfair Supplies
Last night's meeting of the Van*
couver Trades and Labor Council
was a short one, no new business
coming before the council; the
delegates contenting themselves
with leaving other matters In abeyance until after the strike is settled. The closing of the school for
deaf children waB brougbt to the
attention by a letter, and tbe council passed a resolution protesting
against the closing ot this Institution. The following manifesto was
received from the 0. B. U.
Manifesto of the One Big Union
To the Workers ot North America: The One Big Union, launched
in March last at Calgary, by the
representatives of the various craft
unions affiliated with the. American
Federation of Labor ln Western Canada, has been organized and It
ready to take into its ranks,, not
only all those unions voting ln such
overwhelming numbers for the
change, but also all those who have
hitherto been ranked as the unorganized, either because ot the high
fence which the A, F: of L. haa built
around itself, or because of the fact
that that form ot organization could
not Include many of the workers of
this continent.
The Conference of representatives of Central Labor Councils and
District-Boards, arranged for by the
Western Labor Conference, has
Just completed Its task of drawing
up a constitution and machinery of
organization, the full particulars of
which will appear when the constitution is in yonr hands. The conference just adjourned hai spent
considerable time in hammering
put what, in their opinion, will give
the rank and file the fullest passible
power, of administration, election,
re-call, consistent with efficiency.
We think we have been aUe to
place Into the hands of the membership the most rapid and merciless
weapon in dealing with Its officials
that could be constructed. Conventions will be held twice a year and
the basis ot representation will be
of such a character that the delegates cannot but fail to represent
the majority sentiments of the rank
and file. Such frequent conventions compel the officers to pasB
under review every few months and
this course Is the best method of
making lt Impossible to construct
cliques and machines that can be
Imagined.
The membership card will consist of folder with receipt made In
triplicate and these wtl) be ready
along with certificates of organize
tlon to Central Labor Bodies and
District Boards, just aa soon
they can be got off the press. Membership will be open fo any and all
wage    workers,    irrespective    of
creed, sex, or color. The maximum
initiation fee has been set at One
Dollar (fl.00), thus ensuring the
chance to all to Join with an organisation of tlieir class. The bane
of previous organisations haa been,
in part, the charging of fees auch
as are known only to a lawyer.
A common membership card
which will permit of ready trans,
fer from any one part of the country to another, or to any other occupation, has been provided for. No
further initiation fee Is necessary
In case of such transfer. This or-
ganlzatlon Is for the purpose ot encouraging the workers to get together, not for the purpose of assisting in their division.
The per capita tax to the Central
Executive of the. One Big Union
will be ten cents per month and
local units will pay same through
their Central Labor Councils and
District Boards where same exists.
Where they do not exist or where
they may be. antagonistic to thn
One Big Union,: the local unit may
be affiliated direct with the Central
Executive..
On a recommendation of the ex-
ecutlve, the manifesto was laid on:
the table until after the atrike waa
over. Secretary Mldgley pointed
ont that those local unions that had
already severed their connection
with the Internationals, could be
supplied with cards,.etc., within a
week.
Delegate Smith, being unable to
attend the council meeting, aa he
was speaking at a meeting In North
Vancouver, sent the following communication:
Owing to my Inability to attend
the Trades and Labor Council meeting this evening, I wish to make the
following statement: "At the hut
meeting of the Council I stated
that when Mayor Gale made the
statement, 'That a committee had
Inervlewed him tn regard to the
(Continued on page 8)
DR. W. J. CURRY
HIM
Soldiers and Sailors Meeting
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Labor
Council will hold thcir usual propaganda taeetrng on Sunday afternoon in tho National Theatre end
a record crowd is expected.
Mr. Joe Knight and Dick Burgc
aro the speakers. Tho doors are
open at 2 p.m. to commence at 2:30.
Killed at Britannia
A cave-in occurred at Britannia
Mines on tho 7th of June. Valen-
dino Dapota, who was in chargo of
a machine drill, was buried, and hts
body wns not recovered until thc
Kith inst* j-.tOL-'i
Boilermakere, Attention
Every member of the newly formed Boilermakers' Union is requested
to turn in his nddrcsB immediately
to tho secretary.
■•■Hi.«.,,.,*(.i._|-.t-.>.»,t.» !. t,ltM>.t.t^
ALL
Painters
are instructed
to report
at Headquarters
LABOR TEMPLE
Every Day
for strike duty.
j. McMillan,
Secretary.
> . I I > . t li. |i| I I ii. I I ilil I II I
Demands. the Immediate
Release of Men Arrested
in Winnipeg
J. Kavanagh and J. G.
Smith Address North
Shore Meeting
On Thursday evening a mass meet
ing was held in tho K. 1'. Hall,
North Vancouver, and it was
truly representative gathering. The
mayor wns prevented from occupying the chair owing to a death in
thc family, but the chair was ably
filled by aid. Bruce Watson. J.
Knvanngh and J. O. Smith explained thc strike situation. Mr. O,
Haines, M.L.A., ulso occupied thc
platform. At thc conclusion of thc
meeting thc following resolution
wns unanimously passed:
"Whereas the government hai
seen lit to arrest several members of
the strike committee in Winnipeg
hecnuso of their activities on behalf
of thc sirikers;
"And whereas ie is intended to
try them before a speeial picked
committee, und not by constitutional
methods of trial by jury;
"Ho it resolved that tliis meeting
uf citisens of North Vuneouver protest uguinst this aetion by thc government and demand the immediate
release of thc men wbo have been
arrested, and that copies of tbis
resolution bc sent to the Premier
und Member Crowe."
An Appreciation
The Central Strike Committeo
takes this opportunity to express
its appreciation of tho services rendered by managers A. Paul and II.
Griffiths and officials of tho Native
Sons and Bquamish lacrosse teams,
who stagod one of thc best games
of thc season at Cambie Street
grounds Thursday afternoon beforo
a record crowd. The handsome sum
of ttiS.OS was handed ovor to thc
relief committee. Watch thc Daily
Strike Bulletin for announcements
of future sporting events,
Local 617 Carpenters
Owing to the small attendance,
the last moeting of Local (117 luid
over several items till next meeting,
amongst them being tho donation to
the daily labor paper. A donation
of $50 wss sent to thc ceatrnl strike
committee. Tho amount realized on
tho raffle of thc late Bro. Uoady'n
tools amounted to $104.50, anil the
committee handling same was discharged.
Federated Labor Party Is
Holding Good Meetings
.' —Kingsley in Alberto
Next Sunday evening Du Curry
>i Which Stands for Laws and Order."
I will take as his subject "The Olass
f With so much humbug appearing ttt .
'the streets these days when certain mushroom "Leagues" are doing their best or worst to Incite a
class to riot which simply laughing
at them, we confess to being Just
a little tired of the reiteration of
"Law and Order." Nevertheless
those who know Dr. Curry will realise that he will get home with the
goods under this title as well as any
other. The Columbia even these
sunny evenings continues to fill
well ahead of time.
Last Wednesday meetings were
held at South Hastings and at
Broadview, Comrade Trotter speaking at the former and Comrade McMillan at the latter.
Comrade Kingsley has had a
splendid series of meetings covering the Okanagan Valley and the
Crow's Nest Pass and Is expected
In Calgary on Sunday. Probably
no one will be more amused than
the "old man" himself when bs
learns that the Dominion authorities have included among their up-
to-date activities an Investigation
into his "antecedents." Just who Is
responsible for this selection or
what the immediate purpose may be
has not transpired, but the workers in Vancouver who have heard
of the joke are enjoying It. Per-'
haps when the Dominion honor roll
is complete and the "deportations"
ended, it may be the intention ol
the Ottawa people to move over
"K. T." as the first president ol
tbeir new Botany Bay. On the
other hand It may be that his continued Insistence upon constitutional methods Is displeasing tn a class
whose only argument Is force and
whose only propaganda is incitement to riot through |'('ltb<9-'s
Leagues."
Boilermakers,
Machinists,
Blacksmiths and
Moulders
Local No. 1
Regular
Meeting
Every Tuesday Night
7.30
Room 401
LABOR TEMPLE ^^
PAGE TWO
ELEVENTH YEAR.    Ho. 25
$32, $35 and $37.50 Men's
High Grade Suits, Saturday
Arnold & Quigleys
646 GRANVILLE STREET
SLATER'S
QUALITY AND SERVICE
.,      obooest depaetment
' flt. Oeors.'i Bel-ln** Powder,   12*oe.
tin., a for   „...S0Q
■ L.tin-1**]* gcap, fl for, .. SSo
Jelliee, aU kind.. 3 lot SIM
I.Cora Sto-rob, i for   15c
i. Pork sad Bum, 8 tot. Me
'SardinM, 8 for _....   _ .280
• (Seeded Bllilne, 3 tor  Mo
Vegetable Soap, 0 for  _ 80-s
riant Phi, tta   IBo
e-ineet Tomatoes, Ita —  80a
Fta.at tt.ehte, tia .— 880
: Flout Lebeter,  H*»  Haa ...._ SSo
|[|ia«t Lobetor, K-R> tiai  80s
Pumpkin,   tta      ...IBo
Ha«l P.an, tlo   Ue
Maplo Sui.r, wlu .._.  iso
Pancake Flow, pkff* ••••• 880
Failed RIh, pkfi ..._ ltt'
Cora Flakes, 8 for _ 860
Ortaia of Whnt, pkg.   28c
Mobiles.  8* ft. tla. — BOc
IW'i Coilard. 8 for - 880
■•Nabob Cufbd. 8 for  .....880 .
Bolbmok Oailard tia *
"llotor*. T.«,  ft.  46c
PBOVISION DEPABTMBNT '
Slater-** Sliced Streokr Baooa, tb. 800
Slator'i ailctd atnaky B.con, B. 660
Sl»t.r*» Sliced Ayrehiro Back, !b. BOO
Slal.r'i Sliced Aryihlre Back, lb. 880
COMPOUND LABD SHOZAIi
Flnnt  Compound   L-sri,
rog.   95c
lb.      Special    Saturday
morning
fron 8 s.m. to 12 noon. S
tti. 85c
.Fiaeet Salt Pork, Ib 41c
Flnoit Be.! Dripping,  Ib -_. 810
BOTTBB SPlOtAL
Fin.lt Salrr Butter,  regular 60s
lb.  Saturday onlr. tb —87c
Fin.at For. Lard, tb - 400
.Flo.it Alborta Batter,  lb 6Bo
B. 0. Freeh Efgo, doien ...-....—....TOO
Alberta Freah Egge, doaen » 860
Alberta Freah Egge, doien . .880
■ift
*.86c
BAOOlt SPECIAL
Flneet    Streaky   Baooa,    half   or
wholo, per lb 4IH«
Three Big Stores
128 HASTINOS STBBBT EAST
SSO OBANVILLE STBBBT
3200 MAIN BTBBET
Phone Sejr. 3208
Phone Sey. 80f
Phone Fair. 1093
CUT DOWN THE COST OP LIVING BY
TRADING WHERE RENTS ARE CHEAP.,
EST. OUR RENTS ENABLE US TO SELL
GOODS AT CLOSER MARGINS. (AND WE
DO.)
II
Look at this Men's Balbriggan Suit fl.00
Work Gloves—Good ones,
too, for, pair .50<£
Dress Shirts, Star brand,
|ig and roomy .fl.00
Ken's Light Sox, 3 pairs
for _ 50«*
Stanfield's Underwear is
sold for less than our com*,
potitors.
Stetson Hats, the newest
 97.00
W. B. BRUMMITT
18 and 20 Cordova Street West, and 444 Main SL
I—-
This is the time to
buy a Wheel. We have
a full stock of Bicycles and supplies. Repair work done by experts.
W. H. Morrison
INDIAN MOTORCYCLE*
i08 Hastings Street East    Vancouver. B. C.
Agent for Massey Harris and Indian Bicycles.
Shoes Must Be Built RIGHT
In Order To Wear Right!
THAT'S WHERE A SHOE BOUGHT AT OOODWIN'S EXCELS
Team of experience hns taught
ua what shoos give a man solid
wear. Wo iiisi.il on quality from
the manufacturer* who make
shoes for ua, and wc give you
that quality at lowest oost.
tn "Blocki" or "Browns" we're allowing the choicest und moat
up-to-date lii.iU for meu in tho city. Come In and lot uo flt you
with the best walking shoo you ever tried on your foot.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 HASTINGS ST. EAST
— GOODWIN'S   OOOD   SHOES—
W. W. Lefeaux Analyzes
the Causes for Strikes
and Unrest
Tbe term Bolshevism whieh ia sc
freely used nowadays by thoso op
posi-.il to tlie general strike was analyzed thoroughly by above speaker
at the Empress Theatre last Sun.
day ev-ening.
Comrade Dennis occupied the
chair and previous to introducing
tho speaker, gave an outlino of conditions existing in Chile where the
general strike wus crushed so ruthlessly.
The function of the Socialist Party of Canndn was not to promote
strikes, but as they are a part of
.the class struggle in human society
it was our business to analize and
explain them.
Tho term worker us understood by
the S. P. of C. meant all thom who
Ser form usoful functions iu the pro*
uction of food, clothing aud shelter.
In Vnncouvor we are blessed or
cursed with a lnrge percentage of
cockroach capitalists who actually
perform no useful function in society. Knowledge is power, and the
working class to bo powerful muit
understand the development of human society and the laws which govern that development. Signs are not
wanting which shows that the workers are beginning to think for themselves. The senseless screeds whieh'
emanates from the press picturing
"roftl rank rovolution" is acting on
the workers in a different manner
than that intended. Why does this
strike tyok to these kinds of parasite class like Bolshevismf Is is because the majority of the workers
are taking a holiday without leavo f
they do not understand the situation, neither do they understand
what has taken place in Bussia.
Tho actions of the workers of any
country, depend on the material
oonditions which confront them at
that time.
Apparently the workers of Bus
sia are years ahead of us politically. How oame it that the workors
of Canada and the U. S. A. occupy
such a re-actionary position in the
world today f We mast look for material causes and if we today were
faced with the same conditions as
faced the people of Petrograd, we
would act similarly, Tho worken of
this country ought to bo ashamed
of thomsolves in allowing tho ruling class of thit country to act towards the Russian proletariat as
they have acted. At the commencement of a transition period the proletariat of Russia is surrounded by
►capitalist nations intent on their destruction. It is ono of tho most dastardly actions that the proletarians
el' the world are guilty of. Bussia
is largely an agricultural country
capable of producing enough to support human existence. The capitalist governments maneuvering
against each other for Bussia as a
market. Thsy seek to cloak their
actions because they aro undecided
as to whieh side will win. In the
last 50 or 00 years Bussia has come
to the vanguard of all othor countries; this phenomena can only be
explained by an understanding of
the conditions existing in Bussia
during that time.
The serf of Bussia found themselves in the position of modern
free wage slaves the landed barons
also found that they no longer had
any interest iu the workor except
what he could got out of him, Wo
see the same thing right here, when
the boss has no further use for the
workor he fires him, he has no further use for him. During serfdom
the slave was looked after much the
samo as an owner looks after his
horse, but today the proposition is
different, his positions as a free
wage slavo is unsccure. With the
dovelopmont of capitalism a similar
development took place in the minds
of the slave. They gradually realized that they were not getting the
best of the bargain.
Whon they were serfs if they produced moro than they required they
eould take a holiday or go to the
fairs but now under this new system if they produce too muoh they
loose their job. The differenco between the workers of Bussia and
tho workers of this country is that
the change from serfdom to capitalism occupied a much shorter poriod,
it practically took place during his
lifetime. But tho wage-slaves of
older countries (industrially), were
born in wage slavery. Their minds
nre contaminated by the type of education handed out to them. In Bus-
sin tho volcano smoldered for many
years, not born in industrial alavery
they could easily see their ehalns.
The master class of Bussia were as
empty headed as our masters at Ot-
lawu. They handled the Bussian
workers in a merciless fashion. We
seo the result today alter three
years of fighting tho army began to
realize that they were defeated not
because of their lack of brawn, not
because they had not all the flght
ing qualities but becauso of the
graft and corruption which existed
.in tho government. The master class
of Russia attempted to modify their
form of government in an attempt
to hold the workers, hence we havo
the duma. Previous to the war revolution faced both Russia and Oer-
many, the war saved the situation.
Thoro came a time when the armies
of Russia, poorly led and poorly
equipped, decided to quit the fool
game. With thc downfall of Ker
ensky the Bolsheviki camo into power. No revolution in history wns ao-
complished with as little bloodshed
as the Bussian revolution.
The workers of Russia aro endea
voring to run the country for the
lionoflt of tho workers as a whole.
We in this country do not deserve
tho name of Bolsheviks. The pros
ent strike in not a revolutionary
strike, simply a combination of
eraft unionists, banded together in
defense of a principle and to better
conditions.
Cort-Syin conditions-in this oeun
try and in othor countries are in
i-viubU, the inpehine Is teaching thi
workers all over the world. Certain
oconomic conditions will aoou face
tho workers as they fe/jed the workers of Russia, no jobs, no work,
plenty of food available, but tho
workers unable to buy it, and n
government unable to manago affairs. Our function is to educate thc
workers so that when the time is
t__ BRITISH GOLmiBIA'-fBDBRATIONIST
ft       '
■- yxgcouvEB,» a
li tmfeap tim»Hi *taay^ai-f^0^aa__p4HSt_}
hps*s 1 1 o»o***ay»e»e me ».*»•
In Communist Hungary
[By H. N. Brailsford, in
tho "Nation"]
(Continued from last issue)
Industrial Organisation
Industry has been re-organised
similar lines.. Like the aojmtee
landlord,- the sleeping p&rtfc|r**hnd
the shareholder disappear. As a rule
tho capitalist who himself conducted his own business, remains'as a
consulting expert at the maximum
salary recognised by communism
(8000 knonen or at the present ex.
change, about £10 a montb). A
People's Commissioner (minister)
receives no more. In mines and factories the workers elect their, own
soviet, as in the rural guilds. It is
small body with a maximum of
seven members. It nominates a iqan
tiger, but he recoives his appoint*
ment from the ministry of production, whieh alone ie competent to
dismiss him. As in the eountry, so
in these urban industries, this constitution shows a balance of authority. The workers have a vastly lar
ger sphere of self-government than
the most liberal form of capitalism
allowed, but the final authority lies
with tho state. There is no risk that
the extravagant period of self indulgence which ruined industry in the
early days of Bussian communism
will be repeated in Hungary. There
It is undoubtedly intelligence which
rules. I visited a great factory at
Budapest which makes electric
lamps, telephones and telegraphic
apparatus. The soviet consists of
three scientific and four manual
workers. Tho manager was a former
engineer of the works, a man obviously of ability and good sense.
Three former directors were employed as consultative experts. .ATI: tho
infinitely skilful work of this vast
organism went on as before, with
this difference, however, on which
workmen and managers both insist
ed, that men and women aliko work
ed with more snirit, more conscience,
more honesty, because they felt they
that they were "working for them
selves," and no longer for an exploiter.
Schoolmasters Under Bolshevism
After three weeks one cannot yet
speak of the achievements of Hungarian communism; one can only describe its plans. Of these the most
ambitious centre round education.
The minister, Dr. Lukacs, a former
lecturer in philosophy of HoideUujrg,
combines imagination with joiuggo.
He means to achieve this Immense
end, that culture shall cease to be
the privilege of a elass. The/<)rutiges
of the old world, the teachers, have
suddenly become the most hjonpred
servants of the state, and even the
village schoolmaster will receive, the
maximum salary of 3000 crowns
month. The school age will be raised
to sixteen and presumably to eighteen years, and every boy and girl
will have such further education,
tehenieal or scientific, as his tenacity may merit. Dr. Lukacs ho^es
to recruit his corps of teachers from
the ranks of the academically educated men and women, especially
the lawyers, whom the revolution
has placed temporarily among the
unemployed. Meanwhile, he is organising courses which will enable
the more capable adult manual workers to fit themselves for scientific
work. One year will be spent at the
charge of the state in completing
their general education, and thereafter thy will follow specialized
courses in engineering, architecture,
or chemistry. The Intention is to
break down even in this generation
the barrier which haa confined the
proletarian to the routine work of
his craft. Artists whose achievements deserves the distinction, by a
vote of a college of their peers, will
be maintained at the public charge
to continue their productive work.
Pictures of high merit in private
ownership have been "Socialised,"
and four hundred of them added to
the nation's collections.
Socialised Theatres
Tho theatres and evon tho cinemas are also Socialised, and Dr. Lukacs has boldly suppressed the more
trivial typo of performance, and
raised tbe standard of the Budapest
repertoires, while lowering the priee
of the seats to workmen. Two plays
by Bernard Shaw were being acted
while I was in Budapest, and both
et them were crowded. The policy
of the government is to ploaee tho
masses by offering them the fullest
satisfaction of their sssthetle capacities. The amazing and creditable
thing is that in music and ia the
thoatre ,it insists on a high standard
which the untrained mass will certainly find exacting. Here, too, there
is work for the expropriated class.
I found myself one afternoon in a
company which included a big landowning nobleman and three ladies
of the same class. They bore their
reverses with remarkable spirit, and
took pride in recounting their successes in looking for "honest"
work. One of the ladies had found
it us a musician, and another as a
translator. Tho third was already
teaching in a stato sohool, and pro-
fossed herself an ardent communist.
The Method of Election. ^
This picturo of Hungary Mi^lhe
first weeks of social revolution
would be false If it failed to em^-ha-
size the faot that the government
is an unmixed dictatorship. .Sktre
is no liberty. Tbere is no %-moc-
racy. The old nowspapers aft.chn-
tinue to appear, but they all play
the correct official tune. No-Ncj-fti-
uism, even of details is tolerated, and
even in tho churches, priests and
pastors are forbidden to touoh   on
folitias. It is true that an election
ts been held to constitute? uthe
Workers' and Soldiers' C$MjIs.
The franchise included every " Jitq-
ductivo worker, manual or Intellectual, with women occupied in the
household tasks of thoir families. A
largo percentage of those who voted
used in the old days to rank iu th*
"middle class." Excluded were all
who do no productive work, all who
live by the toil of others, and
(rather strangely) the clergy. Work
in the Socialist stato is too only
source of vnluo, and communism bas
its own political adaptation of tho
Pauline maxim: if a man wtll not
work neithor shall he vote. The exclusion tells harshly only where It
strikes  at  the   small   farmor,   tho
1 'small shopkeeper, or tke owner of a
little workshop, who all work as
managers, though tkey also emnloy
and usually exploit others. The
franchise is, however,' only a temporary grievance; this excluded class
will soon be absorbed in the general, body of workers. What admits
of no defense is the method of eleetion. In each district from 60 to
80 members had to be chosea. The
lists were prepared by the Socialist
Party caucus, and though one might
strike out names, this permission
was of no practical use. Rival lists
were rarely presented, and even
then offered only a narrow choice.
The voting was by districts, not by
factories, and on tho majority, not
the proportional system. Of course,
the official list everywhere triumphed. It would have been a more
honest course to allow tho party to
nominate- the Soviets without the
pretence of an election, A temporary -dictatorship of this type may be
defended ae a accessary expedient
during a sharp,, brief crisis. It will
destroy Hungary, intellectually and
morally, if it is continued for more
thsn a very few months. It is not,
in fact, so much the "dictatorship
of the proletariat" as the dictatorship of a single party, which happens to be one political organisation
in Hungary that has survived the
war. A oountry which has never
known even a distant approach to
democracy does not resent this system as a western people would do.
There is certainly no force outside
the Socialist Party which can overthrow it. The landlords and capitalists lack the numbers; the peasants have neither the arms nor the
organisation. If freedom is to
emerge in the near future, it can
only eome by a determined effort
from within the armed, disciplined
ranks of the Socialist Party itself.
Constructive Order
This hasty sketch of an Immense
effort is based on the  firm  belief
ripe, when conditions demand it,
they will net consistently and In
lino with progress.
that communism, as I have seen it
in Hungary, iB a principle of constructive order, which errs rather
on the side of executive authority
than on tho side of anarchy. ItB
makers are men of action, who have
taken into partnership with them
some thinkers and students whose
ability and disinterestedness no one
questions. The test of the system
will be in its ability to work, at
flrst without adequate public criticism, an immense governing machine, efficiently and without corruption. For tho moment Hi promises well. The energy, the faith,
the will are thero. Two able men,
ono of them an historian of of European repute, the other a statesman
of equal note—both in the old days
opponents of Socialism—said to me
almost in the same words, '' The era
of capitalism is over in Eastern
Europe: it can never be restored.
Bela Kun may have hia success as
a dictator. The Socialist Party may
evolve in various tendencies, but,
short of a violent external intervention, the great estates, the large
factories and the banks are aa little
likely as the posts and tho railways,
to revert to private ownership. At
a heavy eost to liberty, and with
much inevitable hardship to individuals, the immense transformation has been achieved, without disorder, by a single strike. If freedom is eclipsed for a moment, the
destruction of the capitalist system makes .2or the flrst timo in a
modern state thc only condition under which reel freedom is conceivable whether for the will or for the
intellect. Hungary builds upon
ruins, but the authors of the destruction wero the makors of the
war. To chaos and despair a living idea hns brought-tho stimulus
of a creative hope.
MINIMI*
Minimum   Wage   Board
Places Wrong Interpretation on the Law
NEWS OF THS WEEK
CUPPED FROM PRESS
Portugal is tbe latest country to
adopt the eight-hour day by law.
The law becamo effoctive June 1.
When a man says, "Ood help the
poor," he intimatos that he has no
intention of doing so himself.
We might paraphrase Daniel Webster by saying: "Liberty and
Union, one and indissoluble, now or
never."
Human nature is the reaction of
man npon his environment. Change
his environment, and you chango his
nature.
History is prejudiced, yet its judgments are generally truer anr more
righteous than these of the daily
newspapers.
Power is what hocps tho workers
in slavery; and power is what will
free them. It's only a question of
who wields the power.
'The emptiness of ages" is in
the faces of tho disinherited of
oarth, bnt the light of the future is
beginning to shino in thoir oyos.
Before -the advent of the trade
union skilled workman worked for
40 eonts per day. They worked from
sunrise to sunset, and as soon as tho
means of securing artificial light
was invonted, they worked until tho
limit of human endurance was
reached.
Petrograd still remains in the
hands of the Bolsheviki, ln spite of
the fact that its capture by opposing forces haB been recorded quito
a number of times.
Packing house employees will no
doubt be forced to do business with
an $165,000,000 concern when seeking better working conditions in the
future ,as a result of tho merger of
eight independent packing houses,
capitalised at the abovo sum'. Tho
question is, will the workeri preient
their grievances individually or collectively f
The citizens committee .formed in
Edmonton, Alta., to intimidate strikers, has collapsed. Edmonton hns a
Labor mayor, who believes in col*
leetive bargaining and favors the
strikers, with the result that the
'Lew and Order Leagues" aro gently but firmly told where they gat
off at. Henco tho strike remains a
peaceful affair with holp Instead of
interference from the city authorities.
Beaumont, Texas.—The state in-
teralilod metal trades counoil was
formed here, composed of thirty-
six dologutos representing twenty-
two cities. This organization is believod to be the flrat o( its kind In
tho southwest.
When Is a Minimum Wage
Not a Minimum Wage
Is the Question
The Laundry Workera' Union
have had their long-deferred meeting with the Minimum Wage Board)
but beyond demonstrating anew
how Incapable government! are to
handle matters dealing with the
lives and well-being of the workeri
no result! were obtained. It may,
however, be said of some commie-
slons that they have camouflaged
the situation without loss of dignity
tut a two hours' session wltb the
Board proved them to be both un-
dlgnllied and ridiculous. Here Is a
sample of the Intelligent handling
by the Board of tbe Minimum Wage
Act. It Is a gem ln Its way. The
Board bave made an order fixing
a graduated scale for girls under
the age of eighteen years in the
laundry industry, commencing at
eight dollars per week. The union
protested. Mr, MoNlven assured
them that the proprietors in the
non-union laundries were not taking advantage ot the scale—that
they were paying more than the
scale called for; and Mr. Matthews
Interposed with the wise and sage
contribution, that it the proprietors
did use lt, the Board would have a
"grievance." After the delegation
recovered from this shock the
Board was asked why, as the scale
was not being used, the Board did
not remove the temptation' from
the proprietors by cancelling It,
* Answer: "There was no necessity to do so at preaent; wait until
it is used." Asked agala what
grlevence the Board could possibly
have against the proprietors If they
did take advantage of and comply
with their order. No answer was
or oould, of oourse, be given. That
Is one sample; there are many
others. At the commencement of
the proceedings it was asserted on
behalf of the Union that the Board
had exceeded its powers in limiting
the minimum wage to glrla eighteen
years ot age and over. The Act on
the point It perfectly clear: "It
shall be the duty ot the Board to
ascertain the wages paid in the
varioui occupations, trades and Industries In which females are employed, and to fix tke minimum
wage—auch wage to be adequate
to aupply the neceuary coit ot
living." The contention of the
union Is that the Act fixes tbe minimum wage upon the occupation,
trade or Industry, and haa nothing
whatever to do with the age ot the
glrla employed therein; and the
point Is made that If the Government Intended to limit thoie sections of the act to females over the
age of eighteen yeara they would
have inserted those few simple
words. There is, however, distinct
evidence that the Government never
had that Intention. When the
Minimum Wage Amendment Act
waa before the legislature the
union protested to the Government
asserting that the actions ot the
Board were illegal. That the Government does not endorse the actions of the Board la shown clearly
by the fact that they did not take
advantage ot the opportunity and
make them legal beyond a doubt?
The amended act, on the con*
trary, Bhows that they deliberately
turned the Board down. The attitude of the Board was that a woman waB not legally a woman until
she was eighteen years of age, ahd
they based their whole actions In
limiting the Act to girls over the
age of eighteen on that view. The
Government replied to that view by
striking out the word "woman/
and Inserting the word "females'
In the amending act, thus knocking
the bottom out of the contention of
the Board. And however petulant
Mr. McNIven may get, however
much he may protest that he Is
not there to discuss Interpretations
ot the Act he will flnd that he will
not be able to dispose ot awkward
queatlons in that convenient manner. Driven to extremities to flnd
some support of their actions they
alighted on the final clause of the
Act (before the penalty clause)
which deals with young girls under
the age of eighteen years engaged
ln "occupations" as distinct from
trades and industries. The Board
rule that the "whole Act must be
construed together ae empowering
them to fix a minimum wage for
females over the age of eighteen
years." The following queitlon was
Immediately put: Then if the
whole Act la to be construed together, theBe young girls come with
In the scope of the clause."
Adequate to Bupply the necessary
cost of living, "Oh, no," said the
Board, "they are contracted out,
and Mra. McGill, the only female
representative on the Board, waB
very emphatic on that point, al.
though it was pointed out to her
that the only "aontractlnlg out"
clause was tbe apprentice clause.
These girls are not apprentices but
tbey are contracted out. Here we
have the Board in lte efforts to
bolster up one section of its orders
using and applying the whole Act
and In the same breath contradicting itself to bolster up another section. The delegation then asked
what was the minimum wage for
the laundry Industry, and they were
told unhesitatingly that tl was
918.B0 per week. The eight dollar
scale wae pointed to and answered,
"Ah, that Is for glrli under the age
ot eighteen yean," The conundrum, "When Is a minimum wage
npt a minimum wage Is answered,
"When it Is fixed by the Minimum
Wage Board." Most people will
wonder why the Board did not say
eight dollars is the minimum wage.
There Is a powerful reason, and lt
furnishes an explanation of the
whole piece of Juggling hy the
Board. If the Board had said that
eight dollars was the minimum they
would have been In the dilemma
that the amount la not "adequate
to supply the necessary cost of living" In compliance with the Act.
Mrs. Campbell pointedly asked
Mrs, McGill whether eight dollars
was sufflclent to keep a girl, and
finally elicited the answer that lt
^BIDATL.
"FBOM MAKER TO WEABEB"
..June 80, It
lit •
Special Values
in Ladies' Garments
—tht rtady-to-wear gervioe of taa Ftunotu offwi Om
ladiei of Vancouver vaJneg which ua not equalled
in the Wilt.
Tou will always flnd at the Famous the latest styles in Suit*
Dressee, Coats, Capes, Dolmans, etc.—made up in a full range of
materfWo—in a complete line of sizes in every model. We guarantee the flt.
TheH*garments we offer on our "Maker to Wearer" policy—-bnal*
ness methodi which give you tho best that's going in ladies' gar*
ments for less than elsewhere.
Call   and   see   ear   stock—yoa   are   welcome
whether   you   come   to   buy   or   to   look   around
HASTINGS
Kear Oranvllle
■ not, but, of course, "thi
would have parents to help them."
The case ot the girl without parents was put to Mrs. McGill and
no answer could be obtained. The
Minimum Wage Board have thui
made lt a legislative enactment ot
British Columbia that parents, ai
well aa tbelr daughters, must con*
tribute to the profits of the boss by
helping to support their girls work.
Ing for a wage not "adequate to
supply the necessary cost of living." Wbat is to happen to girls
without parents to help, you are
left to conjecture, the Board doea
not know nor care.
Another gem is the attitude of the
Board on apprentices.     In every
(Continued on page ?)
GET THE HABIT
—LET  THE—
NODELAY
SHOE CO.
1047 Granville Street
DO YOUB REPAIRING
Anlythe
vDe$t
B'
U
mon
Oak
Bole leather used. Shoes made
to order. Union shop with
Union principles.
No delay Shoe Co.
1047 ORANVn-LE
Phone ley. 1470
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PBIKTBES,     PCBLISHEES,     ITB-
BBOTTFEBS   AND   BOOKBIMDEBS
Union Oflcleli, write tor prices.  We
live SATISFACTION
CLELAND - DIBBLE   ENGRAVING OOMPANT
Limited
PHOTO EHOBAVEKI
OOMMBBCIAL ABTI8T8
Phone Sejmour 7119
Third  Floor,   World  Balldinf,   Vaneoaver, B, 0.
COAL
Lump (sacked), per
ton $11.00
Washed Nut, per ton,
at — $10.50
KIKK'fl   Celebrated   Double
Screened
NAKAIMO-WELUNOTON
OOAL
Is Alwayi Dependable
Ask the woman wbo burns it.
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and ut
Tou can depend on the
Hillcrest
Dairy
A. FISH, Prop,
to furnish you Pure Milk.
Housewives should insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
Phonos: Oay. TTMD-O, Bey. eilil
- O. B. LBSB, Proprietor
LABOB IB-Leu
-TAXI-
SOFT DRINK PARLOI
OIOAES. 0IOABZTIBI ABO IOR
DBIXK8
tOO DUNSMDIK STREET
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41
BB SDBB TOU OET
VAN BROS.
WH1** TOU ASK rOB
-CIDER-
and Non-alcoholic winei of BU
Und!
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION
—THE—
TROCADERO
CAFE
For Union Men
IM HASTINOS STBBBT WBST
Phone Seymonr 985
THE BEST PLAOE TO EAT IM
VANCOUVEB — UNION OABD
CENTER & HANNA, Ui
UNDERTAKERS
Beflntd Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
Ono Block West of Courthouse
Uso ot Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors froo to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 2425
-
Our advertisers support tho Ft-
erationist. It is up to you to su
port  them.
THE HOLIDAT SEASON IS APPBOAOHINO-Are you Roing
mako good your advautago of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couple of weeks
out in the open. We offer you
a splondid soleotion of Fishing Tackle, Blflos, Cortridges,
Clothing, together with tho
usual Camping Bequiromonts.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
Tho Completo Sporting Goods
Stofe
618-6(0 Hastings Btreet West
VANOOUVBB, B. 0.
-I OmoiAX   PAPBE    TABOOUVEB
TBADBI   AID   LABOB   CODHOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
SEVENTH YEAR.   No; 26
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRlDAY|tt>RNING, JUNE 20,1919
BOOT SHOP
319 HASTl>CSSTVt   ■ '
v
Good Reliable Footwear
Reasonably Priced
Standard Union-made shoes for men and women—Geo.
A. Slater's Invetus, Astoria, Stridcr and Leckie, for men.
Smordon, Bell, Blachford, etc., in women's flne shoes.
Our Economy Basement solves the children's shoe problem's. Big specials in outing and white shoes for the
whole family.
PRICES LOWEST IN
WESTERN CANADA
Feel free to consult as
about any tooth troubles
Work done at our office is done in an expert manner and
carries our guarantee.
Our charges are reasonable—we five an estimate of cost
before starting work.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Bay and Crown and Bridge Specialists
602 HASTINOS STREET WEST, OORNER SETMOUB
Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phone Seymour 3331—Examinations made on phone appointments
(*U™) W.50 PER YEAR
We Are Still At Your Service
with the BEST FOOTWEAR for men, womon and children that it is possible to obtain at any stated price.
Our Shoes are Union made and Union-made Sboea are
the best.
We have an expert fitting service, and* our prices aro
no higher than other stores.   Ask for the ordinary kind.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
eee obantolb street
THE  PIONEER  OF  UNION  LABELS
A CHTABAHTEE TO BVEBT SMOKER
DEPORTED MEN WIN
AGAINST COPPER KINGS
by
_ Union-made Cigars. fn
. BbfJflMM l«»-»**.-»....wl-i~i**»"i*».IOUBl»«_»
I ^e—lt!iWbmmX-*tmtt*ttmu.tmi. ..._n,.m*»\,l*■«..»
I    «««)l.«l««;*.Wl*.<.'«i'iwni««*.i*««
f*$^'£_r*ttz~«~*..>~.
IMeatat,
LOOK  FOR  IT-DEMAND  IT
BOOST IT
Freeh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STOBEU--2
48 Hastings Stnet Bast 728 OranviUe Street
Seymour 988*478 Seymour 9513
42,000,000 to be Collected
Strikers and Strike
Sympathizer!
Citizens deported from Bisbee,
Arii.," by agents ot the copper mine
kings will collect damages to the
total of $2,000,000, according to the
latest news from Bisbee. The citizens were deported because they
were strikers or suspected ot sympathizing with the strike of copper miners. They were taken out
on the desert to starve, but Were
rescued by tho Unitod States army
which rationed them tor a time.
Each married man deported Is to
receive »1,200, If he has children
married men with no children will
receive $1,000 and single men will
•receive 1500.
Tbe Pantages
Twelve former members of tho TJ.
'S. army aviation sorvice from Kelly
Field, Texas, known as tho Kelly
Field Players, in an all-star vaudeville revue, will be tho special head-
lino attraction at Pantages next
week, opening with the matinoo on
Monday. This is one of the now
acts which Manager Pantages booked personally during his recent tour
of the south.
The extra added feature will be
the Four Bonces, pretty girls, in a
programme of international songs
and dances. Thoir dances will includo stops popular in Franco, Italy,
Holland, Egypt nnd America. '
Sam and Ada Boverly, dimunitivo
entertainers, will appear in thoir
latest success, "Mirthful Moments
in Musical Comedy." Sam Bovorly
is Baid to have somo screamingly
funny Swedish character songs.
Joo Dareoy is a blackface comedian who is declared to have lots of
pep and a good line of funny stories
and patter.
Monroo and Orant aro clever acrobats, who specialize in tumbling, and
aro said to have something new to
show.
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Uttle "Stunt"--
THAT ALWAYS MAKES A "HIT"
JUST TELEPHONE wide that you and she are "going
out" tonight—or maybe it's Saturday afternoon. Toll
hor that sho ean save a lot of time—havo all her work
—"odds and ends" dono, if sho gives the "go-by" to
baking bread. Casually mention, that you are bringing homo
a loaf of bakers' bread,
And
don't
•UlM      >"»
tlu lost  ro«
trt  ttkhii
koine.
Ttkt boms
the b t ■ t
known —
equal to her
own belt bake
—SHELLY'S
«-X BSEAD.
Ton e.n boy
it tt tny cor*
nr Sl-ocerjr
lion.
Food License
No. 6-1061
fyKPS
Phon*
Marat -M
Tokio.—The spirit of unrest is
stirring the minds of tho Japanese
people, says the Jiji, which bos tho
reputation of being Japan's moat
conservative and most thoughtfully
edited nowspapaer, in a warning to
-the authorities, Tho oditor says:
"In economics everybody is at one
in feeling the pressure of the hard*
ships of nving. Thero is every indication that the labor element of
this country will not rest content
with its present lot."
What Major Andrews, M.P.
******     ******     ******     ******
Thinks of Winnipeg Strikers
.. c< ,_.
Says He Knows Strikers ant} Makes Defence of Men
on Strike—Says 80 Per (pent of Returning Men
Are in Sympathy wkh the Strike \ (
m-t-o*- .
Drunk with power,   blinded   bytJttWtSt work for weeks to manu-
elass hatred, and without any understanding of the trend of modern
events, the Dominion government
has, by arresting the labor men in
Winnipeg, placed beyond doubt thc
naturo of the present struggle. If,
however, the government is of the
opinion that labor will be intimidated by this action, it will have a
sorry awakening. With tho usual
stupidity of tho ruling class, the
government has taken tho only
step that was necessary to lino up
every member of organized labor in
this Dominion. Men who have not
up to date seon eye to eye with the
strikers, havo now declared that the
fight must be to a finish. That this
striko cannot bo settled until not
only the Tight of collective bargaining is secured, and tho strikors reinstated, and this to include all government and civic employees, but it
means that the strike cannot be settled until all political prisoners arrested as a rosult of the strike are
released. Only too well has tho ruling class planned for this latest
coup. Only too well has the poisonous propaganda been carried on, but
it will fail in the ultimate object,
which is to crush the labor movement of this country by arresting
and throwing into jail the elected
representatives of the men. It will
fail because there are hundreds, nay
thousands, who are willing to stop
into tho places of those who have
had a tanto of the power of the
state applied to them. This latest
act of the governmont has mado it
onco and for all clear to the working class of this Dominion, just
what has been the intent of the em-
playing class ia bringing about the
presont strugglo. -  *
The arrestod men havo not been
arrested for violations of the law,
but because they havo been opposed
to tho ruling class interests.
Tho World in an editorial on the
arrests, saya; "The strike leaders
will receive a fair trial." A fair
trial forsooth, when tho agencies of
both the ruling class of this country, and of the United States have
;t»rc evidence against these men.
.ey. should not be tried, for they
hfoyfl;. done no wrong, except that
t-hjey(-have been true to their class
interests, and have voiced tbe needs
o-f-l^jor, and defended tho right of
cpUoftive bargaining. Major An-
dnttfjb. M* ?• for Centre Winnipeg,
whfl' knows the men arrested, and
tbo^ men on strike in that city, in
the House of Commons on Juno 2,
speaking on the situation, mado this
clear.   His speech follows;
Winnipeg Member's Testimony
Major G. W. Andrews, D.9.O., M. P.
(Centre Winnipeg), in House
of Commons, June 2, 1910
(Hansard Report)
When the election was on, a year
and a half ago, it was my privilege
to address an audience of Winnipeg
workingmen on the subject of win-
ning the war. The issue at that
time was quite clear cut. I told
them I was a candidate for the Union Government and as such stood
for tho conscripttion of men. I
pointed out that this meant the particular men I was talking to. I also
told them that I stood for tho conscription of monoy, which meant
their money, and for the conscription of the last dollar and the last
man in Canada, if need be, to win
thc war. That was pretty straight
talking. When I got through talking one of the men got up and said:
"Well, we understand exactly what
you mean now." I told them I
would not think of going over the
top with men who wero not prepared to go all the way. WHcn the 17th
December camo they knew exactly
whut it meant for the men who were
going to the war. When the election was over, in spite of tho fact
that rny opponent was the secretary
of tho labor union, it was found that
they had voted for me in the proportion of threo to ono.
Theso are the mon who, today,
aro on strike. Thore is certainly
something wrong somewhere. In addition to those men, aa good and
as loyal citizens as Canada ever
had, there are many of my own
TAB AND FEATHER HOB
FINED f60,000 DAMAGES
Texas Court Rules That Wild-Eyed
Gang Must Pay Heavily >
Psr Rash Act
A United States court has given
a verdict requiring the payment of
$50,000 damages by eleven -citizens
of   Lulling,   in   Caldwell   County,
Texas, who, because they could not
compel or persuade a shoemaker ot
their town named Kellar to contribute to the Red Cross war fund,
gave him a coat of tar and feathers
and   paraded   him   through   tbe
streets under a  banner  inscribed
with the  words  "Traitor,  Others
Take Warning!"   They also took It
upon themselves to drive htm out
of town, warning him never to return.
MAKERS  OF
Finest Custom-made
Suits for Men
and WOMEN at prices that all can afford. In these
times of stress and H. G. of L. it is worthy of note that
wc give value unparalleled. Ours is a strietly working
organization. Our manager, cutter and tailor are all
partners working for wages. We pay no ornamental
salaries to incompetents. We are practical to the—nth
degree, knowing our business from A to Z. We -are
strictly onion, paying full union wages and conforming
to union conditions. It is economy and commonsense,
therefore, for union workmen to come here, where they
will get union treatment and the finest clothing in the
city.
Men's Suits, f35 Vp
Women's Suits, $45 Up
NOTE   THE   ADDEESB
128 Hastings Street East
omnMi
and Main
Sati
comrades who stood in the tranche,
in France; they are on striko. I
aay, standing in my place here, thnt
60 per cent of.tho returned men of
Winnipeg aro in sympathy frith the
strikors and the object of this
strike.
On tho first of May tho men of
the metal trades went on strike,
partly because tho masters refused
an eight-hour day and a larger hour
wage, but chiefly because of their
omployers' refusal to recognize their
union. Tho building trades employees presented their schedule to
tho masters who frankly admitted
its fairness and reasonableness, but
declared their inability to meet the
demand. Here we havo two vital
causes of the strike: (1) a living
wage, and (2) the right to organize.
This is tho cause of the striko in my
opinion after the most careful consideration and after using evory
means in my power to find out the
facts. When tho ironmasters let it
become known that they wero going
to make it a trial of endurance, tho
Trades and Labor Council called for
a sympathetic strike of all organized labor in tho city. A vote was
taken, and aU unions, including public utilities, camo out.
The single workman Is helpless
against tho great corporation; the
individual union or craft is equally
so. Collective bargaining is tho log*
ical outcome of organization and it
it now too late in the day for any
corporation to refuse it—that principlo is embodied as one of the provisions of thc charter of labor formed by tho Leaguo of Nations.
The sympathetic strike is tho natural and logical sequence of organization. What more natural than
thnt men havo interests in common
should stand together in an en-erg*
THE SOUTH VANCOUVER
CONSOLIDATION BY-LAW
has been approved of by the Government
DELINQUENT taxpayers may now pay one-
tenth of the arrears, plus the full current
year's taxes, and their property will be saved
from a tax sale. Those who do not pay the current year's taxes on or before the 30th of June,
will have 10 per cent, automatically added on
the first day of July. A long pull, a strong pull
and a pull all together will put South Vancouver
over Uie top. You all helped save the Empire.
What about South Vancouver?
encyf A particular union or craft J As to the press, I had tho misfor-
in striking may be striking for a I tune to hear an hon. gontloman, on*
principlo that is absolutely vital to [of tho oldest momber in tho cham-
overy man in the industry and just I ber, stato his opinion that the preu
as the employers can down one j was corrupt, and ho was not callod
single man so thoy eon down afa "Bolshevik" for saying that. If
singlo union unless  all    stand   to- over a striko by working men in
gethor. This is cooperation; it is
brotherhood, and it is absolutely tho
samo principlo of sticking together
that was employed in Franco.
There is another point I want to
touch upon for a moment or two.
Twico this afternoon I havo heard
tho term "Bolsheviks" applied to
tho strike leaders in Winnipeg. Oen*
tleinen, if you apply tho term to
thoso men you npply it to me, becauso they are my friends. Thore is
a man called James Winning, a
good level-headed Scotchman, who
has spent practically all his life
working for his fellowmen. The only
erratic thing ho has done in this
agitation has been closing down tho
pross and participating in the strike.
newspaper offices was justified it
was in this caso if the newspapers
wore not playing the game. There
is another man called Bussed in
Winnipeg. Busscll is a Socialist and
not a man who advocates forco. I
know those mon, and for them forco
would bo absolutely tho last resource. Busscll wants a change. So
does Bobinson, so docs Simpson, and
so does Bigg. Thoy woat a change
because thoy aro not satisfied with
prosont conditions. How many hon.
gentlemen in this House aro satisfied! I vonturo to Bay many of
thom would welcome a change of
government.
Buy at a union store.
Union Store
To those whose object now is to save money,
we especially recommend that you do not overlook 401 Hastings Street West when buying
Men's Wearing Apparel Here you get the best
for the least.
Let us quote you a few of our prices:
A good Suit for light summer wear only_....$15.00
Carhartt Overalls (price 3 months ago $2.45),
now _  $2.45
We are told this is the best price in town on
Carhartt's.
Other union-made Overalls $1.95 to $2.45
A line of Pine Negligee Shirts, with collar to
match (detached). Reg. $2.00, now $1.45
Five pairs Mechanics' Sox ...$1.00
11 Kerchiefs. (Reg. 2 for 25c); only ....$1.00
Good Cotton Work Shirts, only 80c
Good Pants.  Reg. $6.00 and $6.50, only... $4.95
If you buy where you can buy better, you'll
have to come here.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 HASTINGS STREET WEST PAG:
BLBVEirra teak. Wo. ss       THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancouveb, b. o.
 Juoe $S,ll\
IB. C. MNST
Publishod overy Friday morning by The B. C.
Fedcralionist, Limited
A.   S.  WELLS...
-Manager
Office:    Labor  Temple,   405 Dunsmuir  Stroot.
Telephone Exchange, Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Soy. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United Statos and Foreign,
$2.00 per year) Canada, *1.50 per year; in
Vancouvor City, ♦Z.OO per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, $1.25 por member per year.
_w_\ ______t)
Unity of Lator: The Hope of the World
....June 20, 1911*
LEAVING aside all the nonsense that
is being talked as to the objects of
this strike.   Forgetting that the oppon*
ents of labor—who aro using every device
no matter  whether
COLLECTIVE it    is   decent    or
BARGAINING otherwise, are  try*
IS ESSENTIAL ing to break the
strike, and to discredit organized labor—the strike is being waged for the right of collective bargaining. Before the war it might have
been possible to have had organized labor
to agree to bargain through their local
unions, but the development of industry
during the war period has for ever precluded the possibility of the workers taking that stand, or viewpoint. Collective
bargaining is as much iu line with the development -of industry, as is the amalgamation of thc different industrial enterprises. It is in fact the only logical
method for the workers to adopt. Leaving aside altogether the question as to
whether the workers have had the right
to collective bargaining in the past,
which they have, it is just as well that the
general public understand thc position
the workers are in.
Industry has developed to the stage
where the worker knows not just what
occupation he follows. Today he may be
a blacksmith, tomorrow a baker, or anything else. Not very long ago a man
who is by trade a baker, stated that during the war he was a shop foreman in a
munition plant; and although he had not
prior to that time ever worked in a machine shop, after six months at that occupation, he had become fitted to be a
foreman with 36 single phase machines
under his direction. This is the case in
all industry. It is the case with all kinds
of workera, the old-time craft skill is no
more, and in addition to that, the amalgamation of the many different branches of
the one industry, under one management,
has made it not only possible, but imperative, that the workers Bhould bargain not
on lines of craft, but on the industry in
which they work.
It may be said that the interests of the
workers in any one industry are not the
concern of the workers in any other industry.   This is nonsense, for the worker
in shipyards may tomorrow be working
is the bunding trades; a machinist is a
machinist if he works in a shipyard, snd
lie is a machinist if he is working on a
railroad, and today he may be in the shipyard, tomorrow in the railroad serviee.
Henco hii interest in all industries.
The specialization in industry, the division of labor, the concentration of capital, and the development of the industrial operations are responsible for the
workers gathering their forces together
under central heads covering the larger
industrial operations. It is impossible
for any other method of bargaining if the
workers are to have any say at all in
ths matter of hours and conditions, and
those fossilized individuals who think the
world is standing still, had better wake
up or they may find that they are left so
far behind the march of events that they
will never catch its. Citizens' leagues
may rave and storm, call a strike for collective bargaining a revolution, but the
fact remains that the present struggle
was preoipitated by the employing class
by its refusal to deal collectively with the
workers, and with the deliberate attempt
to disrupt the workers' organizations. In
this they will not succeed; industry compels not only the workers, but all of society, to change, and collective bargaining is essential under the present industrial system, and that is all there is to it.
tied with them the knowledge of the class'
nature of governments, and instead of the
working class movement being hampered
or re-tricted, it was spread as a result,
and in this case if Lie men arc deported,
the same results will be achieved. King
Canute once showed his subjects the limitations of his power; it would bc indeed
a kindness if someone would show that
aggregation of non-entities at Ottawa
the limitations of theirs. To come back
to thc arrest of Russell and his comrades.
The charge laid is "Seditious conspiracy
to overthrow the constitution and power
of government. In what way have these
men tried to overthrow the constitution f
Is striking an attempt to do so? Is it
against the constitution to demand the
right of collective bargaining, and to
strike to enforce that demand? If so,
then we have an autocracy in this country that would put the German military
machine to shame, and make it look like
a pink tea alongside of a real Canadian
autocracy. With haste that is a sign of
madness, and ineptitude, the government
is to try these men this week, to try them
by powers granted to it by an amended
order-in-council,
* « *
When the trial is over, the trouble will
not be settled. The strike will not be
ended, and instead of achieving the object the government has in view, namely, stamping out the labor organizations,
and by so doing bring a cessation to the
labor unrest, which cannot be achieved
by that or any other method so long as
the system exists, thc trouble will be intensified, and if the people of this country arc wise, they will not let the matter
rest until the question has been settled,
and settled at once and by a general election. The government was .elected to
carry ou the war programme, and not to
carry on a war against organized labor. It
is doing this, and organized labor will not
shrink from the fight, but will, by its
activities, bring about, not the overthrow
of the constitution, but of the present incompetent—even from a ruling class
standpoint—government. The final arbiters must be thc people; governments
may come, and governments may go, but
the people will eventually control, not
only the powers of government, but their
own destinies. The end is not yet, But
the government is certainly riding for a
fall, and a heavy one at that.
FOR FOOLISH ACTIONS commend us
to the government of this country. It
has had such power by ordcr-in-council
during the war, that it still continues to
act on those lines. Thc
THE PEOPLE latest act of stupidity
WILL was the arrest of the
DECIDE men   who   have   been
active in the Winnipeg
strike. It has been rumored that there
are to bc arrests here, and from the press
we learn that W. A. Pritchard is to be
arrested, if he is not already in thc toils.
Is there not sufficient intelligence in the
Cabinet to recognize that the arrest of
these men, instead of tending to bring
about a settlement of thc trouble will only
prolong the struggle, and that there is
only one end to it, that end being the defeat of thc government? The people of
this land will not bc ruled by such autocratic methods as arc being adopted by
thc government of the country. The common people will never stand for the trial
of men who have done no wrong by a
specially selected tribunal. IE the men
have committed breaches of the law,
which they have not, there is thc usual
processes of the law to deal with them.
If they have done no wrong why arc they
arrested? Talk of British justice, the
sentence is already passed if the press
statements as to the utterances of thc
prosecuting attorney are true. The sentence is to bc deportation. Poor silly individuals. What imbecility. Do they
think that the workers can be cowed by
much methods? Did the Vancouver Island strike with the governmental brutalities stamp out labor unrest? Men
•ere driven out of the province and car-
AGOOD deal has beta said about a
statement made by Pritchard at the
Calgary convention, in which he referred
to Christ. But for real honest expression
of opinion as to the
THE OAUSE glory of God, let us turn
OP to the remarks of W. B.
IT ALL Patton, head of the Pat-
ton Manufacturing Co.,
when giving evidence before the cost of
living committee of the House of Commons. This reputable member of society
said with reference to the profits of the
company and in answer to a question of
Mr. Stevens—we give the question and
the answer:
Ur. Slovens--"Don't you think it is duo to
tho publio to lower your pricesf"
Mr. Patton—"Our mill was not built for tho
glory of Ood or anybody else. It wos built for
tho benefit of the shareholders."
We have realized for many'^ears that
business had neither ethics or morals, and
now we learn that it has no god, except
the good of the shareholders. And this
is the cause of all the trouble in this
world. Business or industry is operated
for the benefit Of a few individuals in society, and not for those engaged in the
production. Profits and profits alone are
the only incentive tb production in these
days; the needs of the people are hot considered. Empty headed apologists of the
system may talk of greater production
as a solution of the difficulties of the human family, but greater production will
never solve the robbery of the workers.
The firm in question made profits to the
extent of 72 per cent. This is unpaid
labor. This is the toll extracted from
labor by the big interests under capitalism. The more thc workers produce
the greater the robbery. When labor
operated with very little machinery, and
with primative methods, profits were not
so large, and the worker received a larger
share of thc product of his toil, but as industrial operations developed, and the
methods of production were improved,
the workers still only received enough to
provide the necessities for himself and
his family, in order that he could continue to work, but the profits of the employing class increased. This made it
necessary i'or markets to be found in
order to dispose of the surplus products
stolen from thc workers at the point of
production. New lands were opened up;
this was necessary not only for tho interests of thc ruling class, but for the development of the human family. This
stage of development was necessary in order to complete tho capitalist system and
make a new order possible. Today the
world has been opened up to capitalistic
development. As new lands have been
opened up, and thus become markets for
the surplus products, they have also by
this samo process become' producers, and
the workers have in turn in these lands
become the producers of surplus products, which must bc disposed of. This
has made thc competition between nations
moro and more keen and bitter, henee
wars—wars that have beon waged on the
pretext of democracy, and for any other
reason but thc real one, which was commercial supremacy, or the control of
markets. This is the problem that faces
the world today. There are no more
markets to bc secured. Every capitalistic
country is in the same position. They are
all surfeited with thc products of labor
- tor which there is no markets, henco tho
unemployment, and greater production
will only bring about a still greater
amount of unemployment and misery to
the workers. The only remedy to this
stato of affairs is a system of society
based on production for use and not for
profit. A system which will give to thc
workers the full value of the product of
their toil. A system which will compel
all to work who are physically fit tttfifr
so, and abolish the parasites that :no(w
fatten on the slavery of the working ilass.
This is the aim of labor. This will come
about, not because men will it, or because
they wish it, but because only by the establishment of a system on that basis can
the human family progress, and because
capitalism can only exist by producing
profits, and they can only be secured by
the disposal of the surplus profits. There
being no more markets, the competition
must become so keen, not only between
tho tellers of the commodities produced
by labor, but amongst the workers them
selves, that in order to preserve the hu
man family, the capitalistic system must
give place to a new order. This established, strikes will not trouble us any
longer. Industrial peace will prevail, but
untitl that day strife will prevail between
employers and employees, and between
nations.
On Wednesday the World published the
correspondence dealing with the Typographical Union and the alleged censorship. Wc are not concerned about what
the World thinks, or as to the actions of
any member of the Typographical Union
who may have given his organization the
double cross, but we are concerned when
any official of any organization gives out
a false impression. The resolution contained in Mr. Youhill's letter to the
World is not the resolution passed at the
meeting in question. The one published
in the Federationist is the correct resolution, and can be verified by consulting the
men that were present at the meeting,
and by the mover and seconder of that
resolution. These men state that the resolution as published in the Federationist
is the correct version, and we are prepared to accept their view, in preference
to those that have not showed any intention to play thc game.
Exception has been taken to the report
of the G.W.V.A. meeting whioh appeared
in the Federationist laBt week. The report in question was written by a member
of that organization. * In no particular
was that report altered, not even by so
much as a single letter. The writer displayed in the writing of the report, that
he was both an intelligent and an educated man. Furthermore, ho is not one
of the strikers. He has not at any time
been connected with the labor movement
in this city, nor, so far as we know, iii' any
other city, and we are prepared to accept
his view of the meeting, and as to how it
was organized, in preference to that of
Captain Whittaker, or any other individual,, no matter what importance ,',tWy
attach to themselves. That the meeting
did not reflect the opinion of the returned
men ia proved by the number of veterans
in the ranks of the strikers. It may be
true that there has only been one resignation turned into the G.W.V.A., but that
does not mean that there is only one man
who hast quit the organization as a result of the action taken. Men can quit
without sending in a resignation, and we
have sufficient evidence to show that it
would take at least three figures to ex*
press the number of men who did not
agree with the decision at the meeting in
question.
The World in an editorial yesterday
would lead its readers to believe that col*
lective bargaining had been conceded by
the employers in Winnipeg. This is not
so, The employers have agreed to deal
with their own employees in a body, but
will not deal with the organization of the
workers, which is the Metal Trades Council. In the same editorial it is said that
the carmen have urged the adoption of
this as a settlement. This is again untrue, and if the editor of that paper would
read the news columns he would find that
a few of the carmen, who nave retained
thcir affiliation with the international,
urged this course being adopted. This
is only another method of distortion. The
carmen have not urged that the employees
accept this apology for collective bargaining, as the carmen number ten times as
many as the Bmall number who have ac*
cepted the dictates of thc international.
The editor of the B. C. Veterans Weekly in this week's issue of that paper has
made many statements both silly and
venomous. Amongst other things he
takes us to task for not publishing the
strike vote. We are not wasting any
time on trying to answer any misstatements made by the individual in question,
but thc following from the secretary of
the strike committee may be interesting
to him:
Editor of tho B. C. Foderationist:
In tho oditorial columns of tho B. C. Votorans
Weekly tho question is asked:
"Did thoy (the Fedorationist) publish tho
number of votes recorded on tho quostion of
calling a genoral strikef"
Tho editor of tho B. C. Veterans Weekly answers tho question thus: NOT THEY—thoy
dared not!
I would liko to say that tho oditor of the
Foderationist could not publish the vote for the
simple reason that he docs not know the correct
vote.
I havo Btated to tho organized workers thnt
thore were a majority of organizations and a
mujority of individuals voting in favor of thie
general strike nnd If that is found to bo in*
corrcet tho membership will deal with me. *
(Signed)        J. 0. SMITH. |
I
Horrible   (?)   Condition
Arises as Result of
Dictatorship
Ono of tho most interesting, or ts
the daily capitalist press would say,
horrible and atrocious phrases of life
in Bussia sineo the rovolution has*
been tho passion for music displayed
by tho masses of the people. Albert
Coats, an Englishman who has just
returnod from Petrograd, where for
yoars he was ono of tho principle
conductors of tho Imporial Opera,
says tho Bussian proletariat throngs
theatres and concerts.
The educated music-loving public
of former days has almost entirely
disappeared, Mr. Coats says. The
ono thtt hu takon its plaoo is a
now publio consisting of work people, peasants, soldiers and sailors.
"It has often happened that aftor t concert somo simple peasant
has risen asd formally thanked me
and the orchestra for tho pleasure
we had given them. Often, aftor a
symphony, t group of work peoplo
have crowdod around me and askod
to have explained things in the music they had not understood.
"They showod a marked preference for modern and complicated
music, and simple forms of Bussian
music. Their special , favorite,
strange as it may seem, is Scriabin,
and aftor a performance of this composer's ■ Pocme d'Extase' thftt I was
conducting at tho Maryinsky Thoatro, the public, which consisted almost ontircly of the 'people,' shouted themsolves hoarse with enthusiasm. I had never dreamed thoy
would understand it."—Associated
Press.
St, Johns, Nfld.—In response to
a demand made on tho shippers'
wages of the longshoremen wore
increased. The coal shovellers are
now paid 55 cents per hour, and 65
cents per hour from 6 o'clock p.m.
until midnight, and 90 cents an
hour after midnight. When working during meal hours they will be
paid $1 per hour; the last named
rate will also be paid on holidays
and Sundays.
For those handling general cargo
the pay Is 50 oents per hour by day,
as against 40 cents formerly, and
60 cents at night up to midnight
and 00 cents per hour thereafter.
The flsh handlers and workera on
the wharves htve been granted an
all-round Increase of 25 per cent,
Rome, Italy.—-There htve been
sporadic strikes throughout Italy
tor several weeks past in which the
demands have been for a decrease
In the hours of ltbor and Increases
in wages, while others have been
in protest against the high cost of
living, the most serious ot the
strikes being thtt of 76,000 school
teachers demanding a minimum of
12 dtily.
Patronise Foderationist advertisers.
PANTAGES
•S KIXT (HI
KBLLT NBID FLATEBS
Aviators ia tana
THB roUB BBNZBS
Other Bis restarts
UNION MEN ARE
MADE WELCOME
-AT THE-
Bank
Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh  Cool Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial. .
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings »ad
Homei
Over the
Top With
Underwear
Values
We don't want to hurry
you into buying that Summer Underwear you havo
been "standing off," but
just remind you that this
is the place to get it.
We have all styles in two-
piece suits and combinations at
$1.50 to $5.00 a Suit
RICKSON'S
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
1
THE NEW WAY
AND THE OLD
Today we answer the telephone as
"Jones -Ie Company, Mr. Smith speaking," or "Thla is Mr. Smith's residence..' '
It is consise and definite, smacks
of efficiency and eliminates uncertainty.
The. person calling, too, replies
with, "Mr. Brown wishes to talk with
Mr. Smith." These are the telephone
"introductions" of today—and they
make for good service all around.
B.  O.   TELEPHONE  CO.,  LTD.
'piends*
Valley Dairy
Milk
Next to Nature's Own
Food —Mother's Milk —
Valley' Dairy Approved
Milk is unquestionably
the best. For years doctors, nurses and many
wise mothers have known
that the milk from purebred, contented Holstein
cows contains those dements necessary to a
child's growth in a greater proportion than any
other milk.
Valley Dairy Approved Milk
is secured from J. M. Steves'
prize herd of pure-bred Holsteins that feed in the luxuriant meadows' of Lulu Islnnd.
Milked in a barn that is spotlessly clean and bottled at the
farm "j* own dairy, it is always
uniform in quality, in cleanliness, and abovo all in purity.
It is easily digested and assimilated, and you may rest assured that your baby will
never have indigostion and bo
peevish and fretful.
Let your baby try Valley
Dairy Approved Milk — our
proof will bo in a honltuy,
happy and boisterous child.
VALLEY
DAIRY
Bay. 553*
Once more wc hear through the mediufti
of the daily press that the backbone of
the Winnipeg strike has been broken,
but word received from the strike committee of thnt city convinces us that the
announcement of this news meant the
wishbone.
Thc harder they arc hit, thc more thc
law an order crowd squeal. After spreading the streets of thc city with sheets containing headlines -which would put to
shame thc most vivid type of the yellow
press, in which appeared thc words
"anarchy," "chaos," "death" and
"famine," thc general population who
have retained thoir senses must bc wondering if the inmates of thc mental institutions of the province havo got loose,
Semi-ready Tailoring
"The survival of the fittest U to be
aeon in, business every day—for the
business which is not founded on the
right corner stone soon disappears.
"Somi-ready tailoring approaches its
Silver anniversary. For a quarter century it has been thc one progressive
and aggressive wholesale tailoring organization which pleads for conservation and stands for good old British
stability and dependability. Ono can*
travel from Uong Kong to London nnd
bo dressed in good form with a Semi-
ready tailored design—for it's cosmopolitan,
"Serai-ready was launched in 1805.
Good things survive.
"The price label is in the pocket-—
tho same prico west as east—which
means a lot today when clothes cost so
much moro than they ought to.'1
Thomas & McBain
SOLE LOOAL AGENTS, 865 OBANVILLE
WEDDINGS CONTINUE!
This very fact is a sure indication of the hope and
trust we all have that there are better times to come.
Express your good wishes to the bride with a gift from
Birks. Our splendid stock suggests a groat many gifts—a
selection therefrom is sure to please you.
Sterling Silver, Silver Plate, Cut Qlass, Fine English China,
Oold and Diamond Jewellery, ete.
w
Oranvillo and
Georgia Sts.
om
DeMiUffc
'& COFFEE
We attribute the popular*,
ity of this product to its
high standard of quality
and distinctive flavor.
The
W. H. MALKIN
Company, United
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Oor Coffees are Blended, Boasted tnd Packed by tbo
most up-to-date and scientific machinery. Untouched
by hand.
DENTAL
PLATES
My method of construe
tion is perfected according
to the fundamental principles of dental science.
AU plates are theoretically
correct and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
ease of articulation.
DR. GORDON
CAMPBELL
Open Evenings 7 to 8 o'clock
N. Dtntil Num ln Attendance
GRANVILLE ST.
Corner of Robson Street
Over Owl Drug Store
Pbone Sey. 6238
Don't forget OUE advertisers.
MOTOHCYCLES     AHD    BIOTOLBS
If you want your motorcycle or
bicycle overhauled or repaired at
reasonable prlcea, pay us a visit.
We buy and sell used machines ot
all kinds. We repair tewing machines. Lawn mowers sharpened. Oet
our prices  before  buying.
KRULEY & CO.
9*8 MAIN  ST.  (our Hastings)
Seymour 2761
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7.30 p.m.
Sunday sohool immediately following
morning aervice. Wodnesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
001-903   Birks   Bldg.
A. BURCH
Watchmaker
311 CARRALL STBEET
In Rainier Hotel Block
SPECIALIZING   IN   WATCH
EEPAIIIS
High-grailo work promptly executed. Member of Watchmakers'  Union from its incoptiou.
DENTIST
Dr. H. E. Hall
OBOWN AMD BRIDOB
SPEOIALI-T
U HASTINOS EAST
Oppo.lt. Hold.il Block
Hit Bui of B. 0. Ell.ttlo B«ol
HOI'S OUESS—BE SUBB
Pkom Sir. tea
rAROlft!
edbftfloSa
aca
mOOBPOBATBD 1155
Bank of Toronti
Assets OTer $100,000,(K
Deposits ......     79,000,OC
Joint Savingi Account
A JOINT Savings Account may 1
opened at The Bank of Torom
In the name of two or moi
persons. In tkeee account! eithi
party may sign cheques or depot
money, for the different membei
of a family or a firm a joint aeeow
U often a great convenience. Intern
u paid on balances.
Vancouver Branoh:
Comer Maattags aad Cambie Strati
Branches at:
Victoria,  Merritt, Vow Wistarias*
Our Selling Systen
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest pos
sible consistent wit!
value.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Fostei
Limited
Can TOU sell our Sickness and Aecl
dent Policies t    The oost   is   smal
(fl.00 per month and up), the benefl
ii large.
(AU accidents and every known dls
ease covered.)
We give good service, and need goot
men to repreient us in all parte o;
British Columbia.
Merchants Casualty Ca
Boprs BulltUnf      Vuconnr. B. O
Bim ap Phons Soymonr 1351 fa
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
tntto 101 Dominion BulMM
VANCOUVEB, B. a FBIDAT. , June 20, ISM
____________=_=___-—_:
BLBvmnts tiab. so. as    TBE BBITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Grocery Specials
, For One Week
Commencing Friday, June 20th
Quaker Apricots, per tin....32c
Gold Modal Peachos, tin....3_c
Lowney's Cocoe, por tin...Jle
Fry's Cocoa, por tin M'/sC
Baker's Cocoa, per tin....2Sy**c
Pacific Milk, por tin........U'/jC
St. Charles Milk, tis W'/.c
Wetkey's   Mine.   Meat,   por
pkt W'/jC
Cottage Peanut   Buttor,   per
jar ,26c
Pure Horseradish bot. ISC, 21c
Empress Extracts, bot. ...Sic
Welch's Grapelade, por tin SSe
Libby's Olives, Queen, bot. 20c
Libby's Stuffed Olives, per
bottle  .28yac
Argood Indio Bolish, bot.....27c
Argood Pickles, sweet or
sour   27c
Del Monto Olives, tins lie
Olive Oil, por tin....»1.10,12.16
Clark's Ketchup, poir
bottle .
...23c
Punch Sauce, por bottlc......26c
Jake Sauce, por bottle........18c
Kellog's Bras, pkt.'. .....17c
B, * K. Wheat Flakes, per
pkt. 21c, 30c
Kellog's Corn Flakes, per
pkt lO'/aC
Alber's Pancake Flour, per
pkt _ SBC
Malkin's Pancake Flour, per
pkt.
...38e
Aunt Jemima Pancake Flour,
at_ l»V,c
H. S O, Marmalade, 10oz.
tk  18c
P. ot V. Sterilized Milk .....lie
Blue Label Ketchup, bot.....24c
Iris Boiled Oats, per sack..33c
Vantoria Marmalade, 4's,
per tin  .Mc
Australian Pare Jam, 1%
por tin  .lie
Clark's Beet Suet, tin ale
Kootenay White Cherries,
per tin lOVie
El Bio Asparagus, tis _.21c
Bolay City Pumpkins, 2**_»,
per tin -  12c
Malkin'■ Best Lemonade
Powder  .......20c
Matches, 300's ..... 8c
Toilet Paper, per roll Se
Bamsay's Family Sodas, per
pkg. .23*
Macaroni and Spaghetti, 16-
os. package - 12*/_c
Blue Bibbon Peaches, per
package ...- ......lte
Holbrook'a Bgg Powder ...Sic
Nabob Custard Powder, per
pkg. :.—llo
Holbrook's Oround Bice, per
pkg .15'/|0
P. & O. White Naphtha   -,
Soap...™ .7Vie
Fairy Soap, per cake 8c
Utility Soap, per cake...... 4c
Crystal Whito Soap, cake 7*/jC
Bon-Ami, cake or tis He
Snap, per tin 17c
Vantoria Brand Spinnach,
2%'s  ..240
Aylmer Pure Jams, 4's... 88c
Empress Pure Vinegar, per
bottle. Sle
Fraser Valley Raspberries,
por tin ...".  Mo
Boyal City Tomatoes, 2Hs 17c
Quaker Standard Peas ....16>/**c
Early June Peas, por tin...J7o
Kippered Salmon, _ 's, per
tin  130
Woodward's Better Tea,
rog. <S0o Me
Woodward's Better Coffee,
reg. 55c —  v.46e
Kellog's Krumbles, pkg..lo%c
Cream ot Wheat, pkg .23c
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
P.PARIS'
Big Removal Sale
Starts Tomorrow
I have taken over the premises occupied by T.
B. Andrews, the clothing man, directly opposite
my present store, and after alterations are
made, expect to move in about one month's time.
That's the reason of this sale. Buying Shoes at
these prices means a big-saving to you.
BOYS' SHOES
All solid leather, double toecaps,
counter guaranteed. Sizes 11 to
13y2. Reg. $4.50. Sale price	
Same as above. Sizes 1 to*%
Reg. $5.00.   Sale price	
all leather
$3.65
MEN'S WORK BOOTS
All solid leather, black or tan. Reg.
$6.50.   Sale price 	
$3.95
$4.95
MEN'S FINE SHOES
Box calf uppers, cloth or calf lined, made on a
good last, and guaranteed. All sizes. Regular
$7.00. Sale d»e AC
price...™   _«P*)e«KJ-
MEN'S FINE SHOES
In black or tan calf uppers, leather or Neolin
soles; many styles to choose from, and the sizes
are complete. Reg. values to $9.50.   d»c Q(*
Sale price..... — —«pU.UO
WORKING BOOTS
Paris's own make, guaranteed absolutely solid;
leather heels and counters. All sizes. d»*7 £n
Reg. $10.00. Special ,...-...*? * **J\J
Bring your repairs. The material used is the
best and the workmanship superior.
P.PARIS
64 HASTINGS STREET WEST
One Door West of Columbia Theatre
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
THE NBW CANADIAN ROUTE
THROUGH Mount Bobson and Jasper Parks across tho prairies
through the most fertilo grain belt in the world to Winnipeg,
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quobec.
CONNECTIONS ot Winnipeg and Duluth for Central States, at
Toronto and Montreal for Eastern States and Atlantic ports.
FINEST TRAINS, Electrio lighted, Standard and Tourist Bleeping Cars, also Dinisg Cars.
For Bates, Tickets, Litoraturo and Information, apply to
ASSISTANT OENEBAL PAS8BNOBB ASENT
805 Hastings St. W,, Vancourer, B. O. Phono Beymour 2432
A Prophet With Honor SHE SITUATION
*******
******
******
■WW**
In His Own Country
Mr. B. Smillie, Preaident  ot  the tto a spooch by Mr. Lloyd Goorge,
British Miners' Federation, asd his
wife, were os Saturday evening, May
17th, the gneste of the Lorkhall,
Allanton and Summerlee branohos
of the Lanarkshire Miners' Union;
the purpose of the meeting being
the presentation of a gift of a
massive and beautiful study clock
sot with chimes for Mr. Smillie, and
for Mrs. Smillie there was a gold
and platinum brooch set with diamonds; the misers recognising that,
but for the unswerving comradeship of his wife during tho early
days of the Trado Uslos, Bobert
Smillie eould not have accomplished
for the miners asd the other workors of the world, what he had been
able to do. ,
Not "Presidont," Bnt "Bob."
No apter description of Mr. Smillie could be applied at this momont
than that given by the chairman of
the mooting, whon he spoko of him
as tho "Man of the Hour." "Mr.
Smillie," he said, "is the most progressive asd tho most trusted labor
leader in the country; he is the most
influential, not even excepting a
Cabinet Minister. Mr. Smillie had
organized them in the past, and for
tho future he had given them a
brighter and a happior hopo."
The presentations wore made by
the President of the Lorkhall Minors, who recalled the early fight of
the Minors' Union, aud expressed
happily the attitude of tho average
miser to the leader whon ho said,
"Most of us will nover recognize
him as the President of tho British
Misers' Federatios, but only as
'Bob Smillie.' It whs the mas asd
not the official they wero met to
honor."
A Trust Never Betrayed.
Mr, Bobert S. Smillie, rising to
acknowledge the gifts presented to
himsolf and hia wife, was recoived
with continued applause, but, nover-
tholoss, ho confessed that ho would
much rather faeo a mass meeting, a
conference of mineowners, asd evon
a Boyal Commission with a sprinkling of Dukes thrown in, than a
mooting of his ows people tha*
night. He recalled that when he
was a fairly young man he had attended a mass nieeting of miners,
which had for its purposo the securing of another sixpence in their
wagos—sixpence, he thought, on
four shillings a day. They thought
if they could socure two sixpences,
asd make tho day's wago Ave shillings for a ten-hour day, they would
be in heaven, be able to pay their
way, and live in comparative comfort. At that time their demands
were not high; they had not even
an idea of improving thoir standard of life; their aim was simply to
enable their women folk at the end
of the week or fortoight to pay the
"store."
Proceeding, Mr. Smillie said that
thirty-two years ago he had been
appointed as the secretary of the
struggling branch of the miners, to
attend a conference which was being held in London, in 1887, to consider the Mines Bill which was then
delivered in Walos in 1912, in denunciation of the mineowners, and
said tbat the attitude of the wealthy people could bo seen in what
had happened In the strike of 1,000,-
000 miners for a Minimum Wages
Law. Some members ef the Commission asked when that speech had
been delivered, and when they were
told they said: "Ahl Mr. Lloyd
Georgo was not Premier then; that
speoch would be made at a political
meeting." Did thoy see the significance of thatl Those wealthy
people believed that when Lloyd
George—now Premier of this country and at present engaged in at*
tempting a settlement of peace after an international war—delivered
a speech at a political meeting it
was not the kind of thing ho meant
to carry out if returned to Parliament. But he (Mr. Smillie) believed it waa criminal and wrong that
a large number of men should go
down the mines and risk their lives
to build up fortunes for a fow
Royalty ownors.
The Faithful Steward.
Mr. Smillie repeated that it was
sot the intention of the minors to
insult tho dukes. They did not
blame tho isdividual, they blamed
the system. He then passed on aa to
the methods by which the ancestors
of the present Lord Tredogar, and
the Marquis of Bute secured ownership of certain land in Walos, Mr.
Smillie said that at the time when
Henry VIII died, and Edward 1st
was a boy of ten, Sir William Hor-
bert had been appointed a trustee,
ond botween the age of ton and
fourteen the boy king had signed to
this samo Herbert, trustee, thousands and tens of thousands of
acres of land. So it waa that way
Herbert had secured his land in
Wales. It was the duty of .a trustee
to proservo the interests of his
charge, but iostead, the trustee had
got tho king to sign away his lands,
and from that day till now the
Butos and Trodogars had enjoyed
lands which were signed away by a
boy who died boforo he was seventeen years of age.
The Gospel of Discontent.
He had been accused time, and
again of croatiog discontent. When
he looked back over those thirty
years he recalled the condition in
which their people could scarcely
live, children barefoot and hungry,
men going to the pit without food
to thoir day'a work becauso they
could not get food esough for themselves aad their families. It was
thisgs such as these that made him
asd others rebels, Tho older he ho-
eame the more he felt the iniquity
of it all, and he added:
"I am not out to preach contentment, and I hope I never will preach
contentmont until we have reason to
be content. Dukes, Marquisos,
Earls and Capitalists are entitled to
be content, but people who are-landless, peoplo who live in slums, and
people who are dispossessed have
no right to be content, and God
nevor expected them to bo content
AT
Revolution Bubble Burst
';.-}. at Last Sunday's
Meeting
Hy all the laws of nature, Comrade A. S. Wells, like the other comrades who had been working night
and day undor the strain and stress
of the strike, should havo been "all
in" when he appeared at the Columbia on Sunday evening to talk
about the causes of strikes and
labor unrost in general. Under the
circumstances tho crowd, an unusually largo one, had every right
to expect a quiet evening. But they
didn't get it by any meana. Instead,
they1 got one of tho hottest rapid-
fire talks they have yet heard, and
when it came to "question timo,"
it was hotter still.
Secretary J. McMillan occupied
tho chair, and called attention to information received to the effect
that Doputychiof Leatherdale was
using his auto to take men out as
strike-breakers; also that the
Daughters of the Empire were believed to bo filling the places of
telephone operators and endeavoring to get the girls to go back, but
nono of them had dono so. (Applause.) He also urged tho workers
to see they were on tho voters' list
at once, retursed mon not excepted,
One of the audience said, "I'm a
returned man myself, but my namo
was cut off."
Comrade Wolls remarked that if
the returned mon thought they were
going to have anything without go*
ing after it, they wero mistaken.
Ho then went on to observe that
they wero told by the press that
this was a revolutionary striko; he
had looked for soino revolutionary
signs in tho peoplo on tho street, but
hadn't found any. The alleged
riots in Winnipeg did not occur, except when tho special polico were
on the job. One paper hero hod
been put out of business, owing to
lies which tho printers refused to
print. (Applause.) Tho attempt waa
to bring about condition-} horo the
samo as in Winnipeg. This was no
revolutionary strike; if it had been,
their first stop would havo been to
get behind the gun, and then operate industry* for the peoplo instead
ofi the employing class.
{fhe Cnlgary Conference kad said
their old-timo craft-unions wero not
in-line with industrial developments, asd so they must have a
referendum as to a now organization.. Thereupon tho othor aide had
sprmd a scare that a striko was
planned for the 1st of June to in*
tribute the revolution, "You've
got tho strike, mark you, said the
speaker, "but we neVer engineered
it(C, Things were not ripe for -
VANoocvn, b. a
PAGEPTVI
Commons. At thc meoting at which
ho was appointed there wus some
discussion as to whother the dolo-
gate's erpensos, in addition to train
fares, should be 4.6 or 7.6 per day,
and on it being pointod out to tho
advocate of thc smaller figure that
it was impossiblo for a man to havo
his bed, breakfast, dinner and tea
for 4.6, that individual replied,
"Woll, he'll just need to tak' a
flask o' tea and a 'piece' in his
pockot." (Laughter). It was objected, in answer to thc suggestion
that tho delegate would bo in London four days and a portmanteau
would be necessary to* carry tho
food required. "I have been on
many delegations since then, and
from that day to this, with very
small breaks, I havo never beon out
of tho service of the miners, and I
sincorely hopo I can say that I have
nover botruyed tho trust roposed in
me by the ininers."  (Appluuso.)
Some of his London friends expressed groat amusement that ho
should prefer Lurkhall to London,
or that he should be so anxious to
get back among his "ain folk."
Well, it was true, but it was not
bocuuae ho could come back to a
mansion, a motor gnrage, and a
staff of servants—laughter — but
possibly those who wondered at his
fondness for home had never lived
in a village, and contracted friendships such as workingmen contracted one with another and, personally,
ho was always glad to return and
moot his own people, and his friends
generally in the town.
Thl "Dook's" Income*.
Passing on to speak of tho .Roynl
Commission appointed to investigate titles of ownership to the coal
und mineral mines of Great Britain,
Mr. Smillie said its sitting had created great interest not only nmong
miners and their families nnd, if it
had created interest among what he
termed tho working class, he could
assuro them it had created not less
interest among the idle classes of
society. He corrected, a figure
which appeared in the Hamilton
Advertiser, which stated that tho
Duke of Hamilton's sharo of tho
royalties over ten years waa not
11,370 pounds. He did snggost that
the pupcr was wilfully misleading
its readers, but that tho figure
should be 113,700 pounds, and not
11,370 pounds. The same pnpor had
commented on the fact thot Mr.
Smillie had not scored heavily off
tho Dukes. "I would like to say,"
he said, "that we had no desiro to
score heavily off tho dukes, or to
browbeat thom in any way, but the
representatives of tbe minors
thought that the dukes should be
called to tho Commission and give
information as to why thoy should
own not only the surface of the
earth, but everything undor the sur*
face, and the minerals produced
therefrom. Tho dukes would have
preferred to send lawyers as their
representatives, but tho miners
waivjed thc owners themsolves,
they thought it was tho business of
the dukes to como and givo information about thoir possessions and, if
necessary, to produco thcir titles to
thoso estates."
Reviewing some of the evidence
which had been given to tho Commission, Mr. Smillie referred to the
incident whoro Mr. Hodges referred
sense of the dignity of their man
hood, and thoy have no right to
content so long as they havo only
tho material things which aro necessary to keep lifo going. It is not
right or truo to say that I am out
to creato rebellion or bloody revolution if that cuii bo avoided. I am
out to show our people that it is
their business to unite by constitutional moans—if possiblo—to overturn tho present system in order to
enable tho wholo of the people to
live brighter and happier lives than
they livo at tho prosent time.
HiB Grace, The Agitator.
He did not think it would injure
tho wealthy classes, or the big landowners, to. havo moro equality of
opportunity for all of the people
than at tho present fimc. "I havo
no desire," he continued, "that
Durham, Newcastlo and Bute, or
any of thoso people, should bo killed or put in prison any more than
I would desire my own people killed
or put in prison, but I would like to
say that if, ultimately, thero should
bo anything in tho shapo of revolution broaks out in this country, tlie
fault will not be with agitators like
Bob Smillie, Those aro the people
who aro tho greatest agitators we
have—thoso peoplo who deliberately
resist us while they have incomes of
two hundrod, threo hundred, four
hundred thousand pounds a year,
with hundreds of thousands of acres
and four or five mansions* all over
tho eountry while our peoplo nre
living two and three families iu
ono house, three and four persons
living in ono room, while qur children are dying before thcir timo, and
our women aro inflicted with diseaso becauso they huvo insufficient
room in which to live—tho fault
will bo with thoso peoplo who deliberately tell us that they will insist on the present system continuing. But if they do thnt then there
will be a rudo awakening sometime."
Ho hoped that the labors of tho
Commission would result in the coal
and mineral mines being nationalized, and that, ultimately, also the
land and use of it for the good of
all the poople.
That waa what they wcro aiming
at now, and come it would,, he was
as sure as tomorrow's sun would
rise.
In conclusion, Mr. Smillie said he
had been charged in tho press, when
speaking on behalf of the workers,
that he seemed to keep in mind his
own little village and tho miners of
that villago. Whilo it was truo that
in all ho did ho saw his own village
and the people who lived there, and
while he did think of the place
where his home tics wcro strong nnd
whero he first became a rebel
aguinst the existing stato of things,
his vision on overy occasion wns
wide enough to embruco not only his
own pooplo, but tho whole working-
clnss movement in this and overy
other country, for he looked upon
tho workers of every country and
thcir wives und children, as his
brothers, sisters und comrades.
Ottawa politicians are absolutely
at tho mercy of the greedy gang
of Canadian profiteers of tha Wa-
velle type.
change;
wftfr^ls anybody, and would rather
httVe anything happen at this time
thftjtithe strike.
^h-j employing class, however,
knew that now was the appointed
tmls. Thoy knew that the workers
saw that their organization was inefficient and    were    putting    their
_  under such    circumstances.   I   ainlhouso in ordor.    Hence tho Winni-
being presented to the   Houso    of Iou* to *°t"0 our people    to    some (peg striko, brought tm by the  re
fusal of tho Winnipeg employors to
deal with the Motal Trades Council,
although there was nothing new
about collective    bargaining,    oven
the reactionary A. F. of L. having
•hartered overy metal trades' council oa this continent.
Senator Bobertson, if he ever was
a labor man, had lost his qualification when he was taken to serve the
ruling olass in a ruling-class environment. No man could serve
two masters; and there was no neutral ground.
Beferring to the telephone girls,
the speaker said, "We have not
given onr women the attention we
should. The working class must' be'
looked upon as a class, irrespective
of sex, raee, creed, or color; and
then we will advance." (Applause.)
This strike, instead of disrupting
the workers, had brought about a
cohesion never seen before. The
number on strike In Vancouver now
was greater than a week ago, and
was expected to be still greater If
the striko was not settled. The international aspect was indicated by
the action of the Makura men, the
French seamen here, and the Liverpool men in the Old Country. The
working class realized that they
must stand shoulder to shoulder in
tttoir struggle with capital.
This strike differed from others,
boing a political strike. The government had stepped in; then, and
not till then, tbe workers here and
elsewhere had struck in sympathy.
As to it being no concern of Vancouver; when the government attempted to crush a section of the
working-class, it was the concern of
every city in the Dominion.
Political action was not at any
stago of the game confined to ballot-
box action. Elections were only
brought about at the dictate and
wish of the ruling-class. This politi
cal fight, however, might result, not
in a revolution, but in a fight at the
ballot-box.
The "Sun's" recent tergiversation had shown how the press was
under the control of the employing
class; the cloak was also being
shifted from some of the "friends
of labor,'' such as Mayor Gale and
Premier Oliver. The latter had insinuated that the labor men had
threatened him with revolution
when last they interviewed him on
the eight-hour question. "I want to
give to Premier Olivor tonight the
lie direct. We told him that would
bo tho last time we would aak the
government for an eight-hour day;
we told him that we could' get it by
our industrial organization. Wo
were tired of going to that gas-
house and begging on our marrowbones." (Laughter.) The Premier
talked about the difficulty of getting loans, etc., in the event of such
legislation; thoy pointed out that
he thus admitted tho government to
be absolutely in tho hands of the
capitalist class. "Thoy cannot do
anything because the purse-strings
are in the hands of tho capitalist
class of this country. Even with SO
per cent, of workers in the government halls, under this system of
society the plight of the workers
would be little better.''
The speaker wont on to show the
financial effects of tho war among
the various nations, and their connection with the Inevitable unemployment among the "victorious"
peoples; this being further -aggra-
vatted by the increased produc
tivity, through the intensification
and specialization of industry during the last fivo years. Tho ruling
class realized that, in such a situation, something must be done to
stop any movement to strengthen
the workers' position. Hence tho
strike.
Sportsmen, Buy Your FISHING TACKLE
here.  We have just received a shipment of
"MIRROR" Spoons of all descriptions.
J. A. Flett, Limited
339 HASTINGS STREET WEST
We Mir wi Mil aeoondJiand gui
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOUUAU mtOHASTS AMD MFOMIEI
Dry floods, Oenta' Fnrnbhiiigi
VIOTOBIA, B. O.
MANUFACTURBRS OF "BIO HORN*" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Ete.
rectory organlied under "United Garment Worker! of America"
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be consistent and demand tie Union Stamp on yoar boote and
shoes.  The following local Anns are fair to Organised Labor and
are worthy of jour patronage and rapport:
J. Leckio Co., Ltd., 220 Cambie Street.
Harvey Boot Shop, SI Cordova St. W.—Custom Making and Be-
pain.
W. J. Heads, 20 Water Street—Custom Making and Repair..
H. Vos ft Son, 63 Cordova Street Weet—Cuetom Making and Bepairs.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop, 531 Dunsmuir Street—Custom Making Ml
Bepairs,
UNION BEPAHt SHOPS
"Nodelny" Shoo Bepair Company, 1017 OranviUe Street,
Standard Shoe Bepair Shop, 618 Bobson Street.
M. B. Thorns, 256 Kingsway.
Woods Ltd. "K" Boot Shop, Cordova and Hastings St. W.
H. C. Spaulding, 5971 Fraser Street, South Vaneonver.
Be progresalve, Mr. Shoe Bepairer, tad gat la teuek wl* Saentary Tom Cory, 445 Vernon Drive.
moating thoir minds that tkey were ■ Savings Bank Growl
colleotlvoly producing the wealth of Seattle—The Trades Union Sav»
the world, and, thereforo, the only jug, ,n(j __m Xseoeiatlon la meet-
solution of all tlieir difficulties was fag w*,i, t„„ w(mg i00*,i trade
to own and operate tho machinery unionists. Deposits have passed tk*
of production. If they did not on 1180,000 mark. The association's assets are about 420,000 in real estate,
415,000 in short-term loans aeeared
by liberty bonds, about $37,000 invested in liberty bonda and (10,000
ia cask.
this occasion gain their objective,
tho fight would nevertheless give an
impetus toward an organization
bringing them the power to get
what they wanted.
It would be a mistake to think
thoy could get away with a revolution here, ahead of other countries,
International capital would intervene, as in Russia, to crush out
domocracy if possible. But by education and biding their timo, they
I could go through the transition peri-
In choosing collective bargaining, fod with loss friction, less violence,
the workers wero in line with indus-1 and less bloodshed, than any other
trial progress; and tho idea waB per-'nation.
Buenos Aires, Argentina.—Buenoe
Aires, a city of more thaa 1,500,004
inhabitants, with more thaa 30 daily
newspapers in many languages, has
beon without newspapers or even
news bulletins for six days. The
people appear to aeeept the situation calmly, as meroly another phase
of the Labor troubles which hav*
beset tbo city in recent months.
D. K. Book Correct Clothes—Where Your Dollars Buy the Most and the Best]
When a SAVINGS SPEAKS
QUAIMCL0THES
everybody LISTENS
The quality and style in D. K. Book's Correct
Clothes at $23 to $45, shouts loud to the man who
has been paying high prices if he wanted high
quality.
Whether you consider price, or whether you don't
—if you are a judge of clothing you will buy D. K.
Book's Correct Cldthes because you get greater
value for less money.
Your saving sense should prompt you to investigate these smart styles and their extraordinary
values at
$23, $27, $30, $35, $40, $45
Sold with a Guarantee that Guarantees
D. K. Book, "Correct Clothes"
117 Hastings Street West Next door to Woodward's
l'atroniia fed. advertisers. PAGE SIX
•bleventhybab. No. •»     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, j>. a
PBIDAY...
...June SO, U:
X
Clubb & Stewart
LIMITED
309-315 Hastings St. West
Established in Business 29 Years
Our reputation for reliable goods and a square
deal for everybody is known to you all.
Whether you pay us $18.00 or $50.00 for a suit,
you get value for the money received. We guarantee satisfaction.
Working Shirts, Gloves and Overalls in Best
Quality.  The best is none too good for you.
UNION STORE
Make fun of
going to work
npURN walking into an amusement,
•** and street-car strap hanging into
ancient history; be money ahead on
the principle that "you can buy a bicycle but never can own a street car.
Ride a—
PARAGON BICYCLE
Without compare as to value in this
city. Being made of first-grade parts
throughout and costing $57.50. Sold
on easy terms—guaranteed for one
year. Get into the "joy of riding"
crowd today.
Fred Deeley
•The Cycle Man*
418 HASTINGS STREET WEST
t
fEDEPATlOMST
Citizen Committees *
Editor, B. C. Federationist:
Tho uBe of a Citizens' Committee
is a camonflage for Capitalism, In
tho name of law and order it will
endeavor to draw attack of the
workers by playing a prepared
drama where they make a feigned
attack by one of thcir own numbers upon either one of their members of.special polico or committeemen, and so create disorder as an
excuse to abuse thc workingmen by
riding on to them with horses or
firing on them with machine guns.
And siuce the committee has appeared in Vancouver you may expect that the orderly condition
which has prevailed throughdut the
strike, will be at an end and peaceable men, women and children will
now be in danger aa thoy walk the
streets, for this contomptiblo organization may succeed in starting
some disorder among them that may
lead to rioting.
Gunmen and thugs are most likely
to appear among you to encourage
mean acts nnd then, possibly, club
or shoot you in the excitement, but
as the government is a capitalist gov-
er 11 ment and this committee in the
uloak of -justice, law and order is
serving the capitalist purpose, it
will be excused, but remember, a
ommittcc taking the law in its own
hands ean be dealt with in a severe
manner by oither the Federal auth-
oritics or by other citizens whom
they may   be a menace to.
These*committees arc of foreign
origin and are copied after the
propaganda of Capitalism
G. W. V. A. were not with the working class. As for thc members tearing up their cards after thc meeting)
I have spoken to five mon who tor-e
up theirs' and I don't doubt but
there were many more. I withdrew
from the Q. W. V. A. on the Saturday following thc meeting as I was
paid up to the'end of tho year and
I wanted to get, or try to get back
my three dollars, but nothing doing,
they probably need that for tho
"Citizens' Leaguo," or ".Returned
Citizens' Law and Order League" or
some such outfit. It is such a pity
to see so many men and women led
astray and sell themselves and therefore thcir fellow beings to the " profiteers " nnd capitalists for a few
paltry dollars.
Yours for tho workers' rights,
A. PADHAM,
Ex-member G. W. V. A.
greatest capitalist despotic country,
thc United States of America,
where the combined efforts of
Capitalism have paid Citizens' Committees, gunmen and.thugs to club,
whip, shoot and burn any people
demanding justice. They havo been
very activo in the tyrannical nation to thc Bouth for many years,
and old Bussia can not come near
their mean reputation. Ono of these
model committees was in existence
not far away nnd succeeded in
drawing ah attack from the I.W.W,
at Everett, Wash., whero even tho
Lynch law was a defence against
tho committee, and the Citizens"
Committee failed to prosecute to
the extont they oxpected oven with
the greatest Capitalist government
thc world ever knew on thcir side,
with thc usual powerful oleoarchy.
A Citizens' Committee is just as
illegal as tho I. W. W., possibly
more so.
CLASS CONSCIOUS.
The Lalior Movement and the
IntelligenB_a
Editor B. C. Federationist: Your
correspondent has asked roe to be
more explicit as to tbe intention of
certain letters which I sent to the
daily press. My aim was to show the
difference of policy in thc labor
movements of Britain and Russia.
Lenino has attempted to establish
the "-dictatorship of tho proletariat," und from his own and all
other Soviet reports, ho has been
hampered by relentless sabotage
from the intelligensia, or brain-
workers of tho community. Though
these w-ere far fewer in Russia than
i in any Anglo-Saxon country, they
thc j have rendered the establishment of
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
310 Carral Street
THE FIRST UNION CIGAR STORE IN
VANCOUVER
STRIKE SPECIAL
Income Cigars as sold for 4 for 25c
FRIDAY, SATURDAY AND SUNDAY
5 tor 25c
An Open Letter to Mr. Black
Editor, B. C. Fedorationist:
Sir; In one of Inst week's issues
of the Nelson Daily News there appeared a letter signed by you in
which you called on the authorities
to save this fair land from tho evil
influences of tho O. B. U. propagandists.
Fortunately, eortain liberties arc
still respected in the British world,
nnd your influence is not very far
reaching, otherwise the history of
tho Inquisition would be repeated in
this new world, and organizers of a
lawful organization would, perhaps,
be burnt at tho stake. I tako your
long letter to tbe News as the Mat-
(terings of onc who is not acquainted
with labor questions and takes as
truth anything that appears in the
daily press. Where and when did
you, Mr. Black, hear that tho purpose of the O. B. U. movement is to
go on striko for six hours and six
dollars? It is true that the first
Calgary conference voted in favor
of a six-hour day to solve, to a
certain extent, the unemployment
problem, but this doos not mean
that our only purpose is to strike
for a dollar an hour. In fact, the
aim of the O. B. U. is to do away
with strikes, and this can only be
done when the workers are all united in a class organization that can
compete with the centralized powor
of organized capital. The present
Winnipeg trouble has nothing to do
with tho 0. B. U., but ovory worker
that understands his or her position
in society knows that the causo of
the Winnipeg workers is one of
justice, and concerns everyone that,
in order to live, is compelled to
sell hit or her labor-power to a
master.
You seem to think, Mr. Black,
that because some of us believe in
a better world in which poverty can
be abolished ond men will cease to
be the masters or the slavWof other
men, in which tho ideal of the carpenter of Nazareth, whose teachings
you seem to havo forgotten to
preach the gospel of a parasite
class, can be an accomplished fact
and not an excuse for sky-pilots to
livo in luxury on the sweat of
somebody else's brow, we are a
bunch of terrorists that should be
in prison.
Those Methodists not very long
ago pronounced themselves in favor
of thc abolition of the profit system, aro they Bolshevikis and anar-
chistsf
Mr. Black, if you really want to
he of any help to this community
and to tho workers of Trail, try to
persuade the Consolidated Mining &
Smolting Company that men with
families of five and six childron
cannot live decently on tho starvation wages that they are paying;
and when you are thinking about a
hell do not go, with your imagination, beyond the grave, but go
around in tho homes of the workers
of Trail, and then think that such
conditions exist becauso thero are
men in the world who, liko you, do
not realize tho needs of modern humanity.
Yours,
ROMEO ALBO.
Editor B. C. Foderationist: Sir-
I read the small article in your issue
of June 13th, re the general meoting
of the (Vancouver Local) G. W. V.
A, of June 12th, ond also the statement in the daily pross of Juno 14th,
by C. W. Whittaker (president G. W.
V. A.), to tho effect that your article was a deliberate misrepresentation against the association meeting
above mentioned. Well,' as I happened to be present at that meeting and
ono of tho "43" who voted against
the motion to stand in with the
"grafters" and go against the worker, I am in hearty accord with whoever gave you that information as
it waa to my mind a very skillfully
planned meeting and what I saw and
1 heard that evening taught me what
I had been told by eo many return-,
cd working men, not acabj that the
proletarian dictatorship exceedingly
difficult; and Lenine has only been
ablo to rehabilitate Russian industries by tho employment of "high
priced experts,'' and ovon in some
cases by tho importation of foreign
capital. Moreover the Bolshovik
treatment of the intelligensia has,
as Ramsay Macdonald stated thc
other day, alienated tho sympathy
of the intelligeiisui of tho whole
world. Tho Bolshevik regime
may havo been inevitable for Russia, with its appalling pro-revolutionary conditions; is it therefore the
only solution for a country which
has already tho machinery of democratic government? With our Anglo-
Saxon ideals (however imperfectly
realized as yet) of. freo speech and
representative government, we
should oppose by every weapon at
our command the dictatorship ot! any
ono class, together with tho ^fg?d
censorship of speech und print established by Lenine, far more ■-Jrnstic
than anything attempted in the British Empire during the war.     ' «tW
Tho British labor policy, on1 the
other hand, is now to enlist iff tHe
wovement all those who ore dependent for their living on thcir own
efforts; this includes " salary "-T-rork-
ers, as well as " wage "-workers? The
labor party programme has beim
framed so broad and comprehensive
as to cover the interests and enlirft
thc sympathies of tho "professions'*
ns woll as tho great manual trddes.
Architects, engineers dootott,
nurses, journalists, office-workers,
clerks, teachers—all nre slowly but
surely swinging into lino with the
movement) giving it a driving force
so irrisistible that the non-producing
minority, although so deeply rooted
in tho British national life, aro finding their position shaken to its very
foundations. Through this forco of
public opinion, aiding the small but
powerful labor party in parliament,
the enforcement of the national minimum haa already been attained, and
the second point on the labor programme, nationalization of mines
and transport servico, is withing
measurable distance of fulfillment.
Now, if such an alliance of brain
and hand-workers is even conceivable in Britain, with its age-old
'' class'' distinctions, how much moro
so in Canada, where tho "class"
idea has only superficially taken
rootf In England even thoso who
are most thoroughly converted to tho
labor policies, look with tender regret on certain very gracious aspects
of the old feudal regime which is
now passing away. The truo Britiah
aristocracy of birth and breeding
iroduced examples of fino living,
iigh charactor, and disinterested
public service, which aro tho most
priceless inheritanco of our raco,
and which wo shall hope and endeavor to carry on into the days
that are to be. But in Canada the
rapid acquisition of wealth bas produced no such sense of tradition
and responsibility, and ono can certainly contemplato without any
"tender regrets" at all, a moro
equitable distribution of tho good
things of this glorious land.
One obstacle to such a policy in
Canada as I have suggested above,
appears to me to be tho attitude of
organized labor itself, with its antiquated formulas of "bourgeoisie"
and "proletariat" (instead of brain
and hand-workers), and "wage-
slavo" nnd "master class" (instead
of producer ond non-producer). Whnt
useful purpose, moreover, can bo
served by insults to the founder of
all labor movements, and to our sacred dead who havo given their lives
in tho greatest forward movement
the world has evor known! Aluo
tho wrangling over tho allegiance of
tho soldier-citizen is a very paltry
thing. One sure thing abovo thc
returning soldier is that he haa had
enough of gas and whizz-bangs and
destruction of society in general,
and would gladly devote himsolf to
somo constructive means of building up the libortics for which he ha*
fought. When tho labor loaders of
Canada show a constructive pro-
gramme, "broad-bosod upon thc
people's will," the battle of labor
in Canada will already have been
won.
IRENE DUKES.
Vancouver, Juno 17.
Send your old address with your
new ono whon making a change.
Your  Money'i  Worth—
What?
"Gold ai a basis ef exchange
hu utttrljr failed, t . THE
EQUITIBT sar» that tha unit
must bt ont hour of adult huaaa
Ubor. ... An hour for hoar
pnrehailng unit. We reaomaend
oor readen to study THE EQUITIBT plan."—Wlnnlpei Western
Labor News,
THE EQUITIST
11.00 . yat; S1.M MUh tt.
V.I. Aat M, Loifbiuck, Wssk.,
MA.
AFTER TRADE
Secret Questionaire Sent
to Army Commanders
Getting Nervous
Militarists Are Anxious
Over Activities of
Citizens
British military authorities arc
making secret investigations con-
corning tho spread of trades union
sentiment among British troops and
also to ascertain whether British
soldiers will assist in strikebreuk
ing, according to a questionaire
issued by the British Army Council
and marked secret and urgent.
The London Daily Herald, a labor
paper, obtained a copy of the questionnaire and published it. No other
comment is noeded than to reprint
it in full.   Here it ia;
(Form Number.)
"Secret and Urgent.
, "1. I am directed to request that,
until further notice, you will furnish information on the headings
hereunder aa regards the troops in
your urea, and that you will arrange
for a roport to reach this office without .fail not later than first post
each Thursday morning.
"(a) Will troops in various areas
respond to orders for assistance to
prcservo the public pcaeef
"(b) Will they assist in strikebreaking f
"(c) Will they parade for draft
to overseas, especially to Russiaf
"(dj What has been the effect of
Army Order XIV of 1019 on the
men! Do they consider the policy
of dividing the army into tho
classes of dcmobilisables a sound
one, and if so, do thoy think thnt
tho line of cleavage has been equitably fixed? Is there any dissatisfaction with cither the principles or
thc details of that order, and, if so,
what are your recommendationsf
"(e) Any other information or
suggestions.
"2. You will please give your
own views for.the information of
the General- Officer Commanding—.
"3. You will, of courso, understand that any matorial chango in
a situation and any cases of disorder or indiscipline aro to be reported at once.
"4, The abovo is to be circulated
to all officers commanding stations,
formations and units in tho area
under your command, and, to save
time, you will please instruct officers commanding stations to forward reports undor tho headings
given abovo direct to theso headquarters, attaching any report from
an officer commanding formation or
unit which is of importance.   Thoy
will quote the above number
and mark the reports 'Secret and
Urgent.'
"5. I am to add that the above is
required with a view to tbe establishment of an efficient Intelligent
Servico, whereby tho Army Council
can koep its finger on the pulse of
tho troops, and thnt thc information desired is required for thc information of the Secretary of State.
"(Sgd.) 	
■-"For  Command.
'1910.
"To Station Commander,	
,      No. , Area :
"Will you please let mo have tho
following information for thc C. M.
A.  Arcn, as speedily as possible, with regard to tho units on
the station undor your command:
growth of trade unionism among
them f
'(b) The effect outside trade
unions havo on thorn.
"(c) Whether any agitation from
internal pr external sources is affecting themf
"(d) Whether any Soldiers'
Councils havo been formed?
"(e) Whether' any demobilization troubles are occurring, and if
so (i), what troops aro demonstrating. (") the numbers involved, (iii)
what thoir grievances are, (iv)
what has been done.
We Are Headquarters for Men's Wear
Every Oood Kind of Outing Shirt for Hen
No Better Value Anywhere
White Pique Blurts, also white haircord stripes,
with collar attached $1.00
Plain white repp —      .'.— $1.26
Fancy Striped Vestings and Madras at $1.60
Heavy White Ducks and Drills $2.00
Shirts in cream, blue and grey; also fancy stripe
patterns, priced at  —~ $1-60
Fine Cambrics, in fancy stripes, at...- _ $2.00
Fancy Stripe Silk Shirts, $2.60 and $3.00
White and Pongee Silk, with loose or revorsible
collar at $3.76 to  - $6.00
Men's Leather Belt*
are here in a most exhaustive selection—black, tan,
grey nnd fancy stripe; each 60c, 76c, $1.00 and $1.60
Black Leather Belts, with oxidized silver initial
buckle; each at $1*60
Men's Socks for Summer Wear
Silk Lustre, in black and white only; 3 pairs....$1.00
Silk Lisle, in grey, tan and fawn; pair 60c
Fibre Silk, splendid for summer wear; pair for..60c
Fino Cashmere Socks, in white; pair 60c and....86c
White and Tan Socks, with fancy Btripes, silk lisle;
ner nair * 76c
Men's Cotton Pyjamas, $1.65 Suit
Thoy arc mado of good heavy quality whito and
cream cambric, well fashioned and finished with
braid frogs. Wo arc confident that there is no
value like them in tho city.
Men's Bathing Suits
Plain Balbriggan; navy, trimmed with red; all sties
32 to 42, at..   —.'.-.-.$1.00
Heavier weight, in navy, trimmed with gold or
whito; up to siae, 42, for.   $1.26
Bathing Suits, in leavy jersey weave, in a range of
good colors; green, navy, brown, grey, maroon and
black; trimmed with bright contrasting colora..$S.78
Wool Bathing Suite, in a variety of fancy colors, at i — H95
Pure Wool Suits, in dark green, grey, green, brown,
navy, heather   and   Oxford,   trimmed   with con-
trosty stripes, at   .$6.78
Prido of the West pure wool garments in greon,
navy, grey and black, with contrast? trimming,
at 4 $7.60
Auto Oauntlets
A very good Glove in blaek sheepskin; very serviceable, price, per pair ........ j..$1.76
Fine quality Black Capo Gauntlet, with strap fas*
toner, per pair  :  ...$4.60
Tan Gauntlets, with and without fringes, $2.26,
$3.00, $3.60, and   . $4.96
Soft dollars
Plain white and a variety of fancy stripes, newest
shapes, in cotton and silk. Each, 26c, 36c, 40c and
60c.
Wash Ties
Newest stripe and brocade effects from New Tork;
tubular and reversible, each, 26c, 36c and.... .80c
David Spencer, Limited
Where is your union button!
Electrio and Violet Ray
TREATMENTS
by scientific mossuoae, scalp and
Manicuring
Mrs. collins
679 Oranvllle Street, Suite 5
Hours—12 to 9
To members of any anion in Csnsds
ft speciftl rate for The Federation!*!.,
$1.16 per rear—If s elob of 10 or
more jj eent In.
The Race!
Millions of busy little microbes, working while you
sloep, are trying their level
best to set up large and rapidly increasing communities in
your teeth—at the margin of
the gums and in the rich deposits of tartar accumulating
there. They live in an acid
atmosphoro and they never
ceaso boring and dissolving by
its aid. They aro working
against time—they may succeed in destroying your toeth,
and your health as well, beforo you decide to go to tho
dentist. Tou are trying to
mako that decision which
will be fatal to them. Who
will winl
Hftve all tftrtsr snd debris cleaned sway fron yonr teeth—have
decay spots rotted oat and filled
—replace lost teoth by now, handsome aad assfnl nn. Bt* ms
aew.
Dr. Lowe
Fine Dtntfrtry
HAflTINOfl   AND   ABBOTT
Opposite Waod ward's
Vancouver Unions
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Executive committee: Preaident* E.
Winch; Yice-preeident, J. Kavanagh;
treasurer, F. Knowles; sertfctTtt-at-iwiiis-
W. A. Alexander; trustees, W. A, Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell, H.
Gutteridge; secretary, V. R. Midgley,
Room 21Q Labor Temple.
ALLIED   PRINTING   TRADES   COUN-
cil—Meets    second    Monday    in    the
month.    President. J. F.  McConnell; sec-
rotary, R. H. Neelirnds, P. 0. Box
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tional Union of America, Lncal No.
120—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
in the month, Room 205 Labor Temple.
President, C. E. Herrltt; secretary, S. H.
Grant,  820 Cambie  Street. _
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers ot
America, Vancouvor Lodge No, 194—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m. President,
M. A. McEachern, 1245 Alberni St.; Bee*
ret ary-treasurer, Angus Fraser, 1151
Howe Street; business agent, J. A.
Moore, Room 212 Lnbor Temple.
BRIDGE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
—Meets second and fourth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 15*16
12th Ave. East.  .
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS,
Local No. 017—Meets every second
and fonrth Monday evening, 6 o'clock,
Labor Temple. President, M. McKensle; aeeretary, J. R. Campbell; business
agent and financial secretary, T. Thoro,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS. LOCAL No.
213—Meets at 440 Pender Street
West, every Monday, 9 p.m. President, H. H. Woodside. 440 Pender W.;
recording secretary, W. Fuulkes, 440 Pender Street West; flnanclal secretary and
business agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street West; assistant aeeretary,
T. R. Burrows.  [
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
ployees, Local 28—Meeta every first
Wednesday in the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In the month
at 9:80 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
secretary and business agent, W. Mackensle, office and meeting hall. 614 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 1681. Office
hours;   11 to 12 noon; 2 to 5.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK
era' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W
Holmes, Colonial ApU., Burrard Street;
secretary-treasurer, D. J. Snell, 916
Dunsmuir Street.
C. LOGGERS' UNION—Affiliated
with B. C, Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Tradea and Xabor CouncU—■
An industrial union of all workers In
logging and construction camps. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey. 7856. E.
Winrli, accrotary-atreasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald & Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
& Chiene, Vancouver, B. C.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Local .1852—Office and
hall, 804 Pender Street West. Meets
firat and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasuror, F. Chapnian; buainess
agent, P. Sinclair.	
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Batcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meeta first and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; recording secretary, Fred
Lilly; financial secretary and business
agont,  T.  W. Anderson,  587  Homer St.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 318 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E. God-
dard, 856 Richards Street ;■ recording secretary, J. D; Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AMD
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Serlei 5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.tn.
President, John Bally; financial aeeretary, M. A. Phelps; business agent and
corresponding secretary, W. Lee, Offlce,
Room 210-220 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM
and Operating Engineers, Local No.
620—Meete every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Temple. President, Dave Hodge,
677 Richards Street, Olty; vice-president,
Frank Hunt, 1922 Second Avenuo Weat;
secretary-treasurer and business agent,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216 Labor Temple.   PhnneSejmour 7495.
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
Meets A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and Srd Mondays at 8 p.m. Presl*
dent, W. H. Cottrell; recording aeoretary, A. V. Lofting, 5289 St. Catherines
Street; treasurer, E. S. Cleveland;
financial secretary and business agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS'   UNION   OF
America. Local No. 178—Meetings held
fln.t Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, Joseph O'Connor; vice-president
A. Beamish; recording secretary, Mrs.
F. A. Dolk, P. 0. Box 503. Phone
Sey. 82B1L; financial secretary, Robt.
McNelah, P. 0. Box "~
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND CHAUF-
four's Union, Local No. 656—Meeta
every 2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m.
President, W. M. Brown; business agent,
F. Haslett, 125 Fifteenth Avenue East;
financial secretary, Birt Showier, 1120
Robson Street; phone Sey. 5679. Office
587 Homer Street.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
Meeta last Snnday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vice*
president, W. H. Youhill; secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
b. c. Federation of labor—Meets
in annual convention In January, Excutlve officers, 1918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Neat Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A, 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.	
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA   AND   DISTRICT   TRADES
and Labor .Council—Meets first ahd
third-Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Pnrk Street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, - T.
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 302, Victoria, B. C.
NORTH VANCOUVER
U. B. OF CARPENTERS AND JOIN-
ers, Local 1777—Meeta first and third
Mondays in I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, H. H.
Foster; financial secretary, W. C. Smith,
cor. Sutherland and Kieth Road East,
North Vancouver.
PBINOB BUPERT, B. CL_
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LA-
bor Council—Meeta second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters'
Hall. President, W. E. Thompson; secretary, Geo. Ruddcrham, Box 273, Prince
Rupert, B. C.
scfcudft rood Bona:
: LieosM s-uu :
Headquarters fo
Strawberries
—All fresh goods, direct from t
country-Hit Dost pricei ia the cil
HOW ABOUT THESE PRICES C
GROCERIES
New Laid Eggs, per §%C
down  OO1
Butter, fancy creamer-,-, -£ *f Q
3 lbs. for  «P 1 <0<
Clark's Pork and Beans, no
large tins, each .... -CO1
Sardines in oil, Q
por tin ...........__. _....  O1
Eagle Brand and Reindeer   n/i
Condensed Milk, per tin.. -SU1
Evaporated Milk, 20-oz.       OA
can  em\3[
Boman Meal, oo
per sack  ... OO'
Robin Hood Rolled Oats,       A A
sack    .'.'. 40l
Lake of the Woods Break-  A £
test Pood, for 4*01
B. find K. Flour, 10.1b. __< r_
sock   OO'
Snowflako Pastry Flour,      *y__
101b. sock    /U'
S. T. Wallace'
MARKETARIi
118 HASTINGS ST. W.-IBT. lt
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1860
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up.
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets 	
...$ 25,000,000
...$ 15,000,000
...$ 16,000,000
...$430,000,000
566 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and British
Weat Indies.
Alao branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branchei in Vanoouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Bobson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West
Comer Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Ave. West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street,
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 28 other
points in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IB GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an account on wliich interost is paid half-yearly
at current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK, 0. W. PRAZEB, VincOBWT,
Manager Vancouver Blanch SupenriMt.for B. 0.
<Ofe Quality Ci^ar
el mwato
Ideal Size
lL For ^D
'Majestic Size
15*
I n c o tn e PBtDAT...
..June 20, MM
Men's $37.50 Suits
Selling Friday and Saturday at
$29.50
This special offer concerns a
Variety of fancy worsteds and
tweed suits in the -newest
checked and striped patterns.
Many of them are selected
from our regular stock of
hand-tailored garments, and
include conservative three-
button styles and some particularly smart single or
double-breasted "waist - line"
models' for young men, and
men of irregular build may
also expect to be fitted from
this assortment. Reg. $37.50
values at $29.50.
$5.50 and $6.00 Trousers
at $4.75
An assortment^ Grey Tweeds, Worsteds and
Whipcords of good appearance and splendid
wearing quality, in sizes 32 to 44. Regular $550
and $6.00 lines, special at $4.75. ^
*ij(ihr]judsons Bay (fomjromj £j
Granville and Georgia Streets
eleventh tbab. No.a    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      VANconvm, & tt
PAGESEVEK
The Crime of the Ages
. B. OOTHBMITSON ft Co.
ton's Hsttsra sad Outfitters
tM Onm-a Stmt
611 Butto* Stntt Wert
FhoM Btr.Ml     Day or Night
Hum, Thomson ft Olegg
rUNEKAX DIRECTORS
691 Homer St.  Vaneourei, B. O.
____________FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
uwombwrAP
Named Shoes are frequently msds
in Non-union factories
DO NOT BUT ANT SHOK
___._. No matter what its name, unless
raCiOiy J      it bears a plain and readable im-
 V"         prcmion of this UNION STAMP.
All Mott without th. ONION STAMP an always Non-union
Do not accept any «xctu« for Absence ef the Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
SM SOMMEB 8IBBBT, BOSTON, MASS.
COI.IS LOVELY, General Pmldent—OBIS. I.. BAINS, Senenl See.-Treai.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
COAL
MACDONALD-MARPOLE CO.
LIMITED
1001 MAIN STREET Phone Sey. 310
TRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Rood tor Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
>y using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
CASCADE BEER
s produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from stsrt to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
[By Nemesis] *
Perhaps the earliest records
known to man in the histery Of onr
world were the Chaldean astronomical records sent by Callisthcnes to
Aristotle B. C. 2324, bo that theao
records date back to eome 400 years
or nearly two hundred generations
of men.        '* "*
The whole of these, written records is one long, monotonous tale of
greed and selfishness, the account of
empire after empire founded on
greed and robbery, rising and sinking into inevitable rot and ruin.
Pondering on these indisputable
facts we are struck with amazement
when we consider also the indisputable facts we are struok with amazement when we consider also tho indisputable fact that throughout the
wholo of creation a supreme intelligence is in evidence—an intelligence also which has been in some
degree bestowed upon man himself.
Henco we say "Mun was made
in God's own image," moaning he
is in possession of this intelligence
which can differ only "in degree-
not in kind—from tho universal and
supremo intelligence.
From page 118 of tho Philosophical Essays of Bobert Dietzgen we
quote the following: "The Inst and
strongest religious argument brought
forward by rather unprejudiced
minds is the undeniable fitness of
things in nature or in the universe
who could deny the wonderful order
of the universe, its harmony, organization and system. Apart from
the numberless illustrations usually
brought in favor of that argument;
apart from tho, green, bluo and
speckled cuckoo's eggs which, according to color and'volume, always
lit in with the birds' eggs to whichlblc end i» view of keeping the mass-
thov a™ txHAt-H.   Wa -fl-tSl in ovnrvf08 contonted   and   thinking   along
thoy are added. We find in every
step the proofs of a universal intelligence which usos everything thas
is living and existing as a part, a
suitable organic part of the whole."
'/ Reasoning from the above quotation as a premise, and thero is no
denying thc truth therein contained,
wc can make the following deditf.-
tion: Either that tho whole cosmos
is un organism possessing in itself
intelligence or that it is governed
by a supremo intelligence, the sourco
and substance of which, to our (mite
minds is unthinkable. But the great
outstanding fact as far aB wo are
concernod is that man possesses a
spark of that great universal intelligence and hore we are overwhelmed with amazement when wo consider the utter failure which man,
has made of his lifo from'thc vory
beginning to this year of our Lord
1919. f
In this Cosmos governed as we
have seen, by a great uni vernal intelligence, blind chanco can play no
part whatover. Every change that
occurs in naturo is the result of law
working always with a well defined
end in view. Man has not develop-,
od into man by more, chance any
more than the insect or the worm or
the invisible germ and the whole
scheme of life on the earth exists
as a vast society from which it
would be impossible to eliminate any
of its parts without disaster to tho
whole; and it cannot be donied that
reason was bestowed upon man with
a specific object in view. It was bestowed upon him without a doubt
to give him a true insight into the
meaning of life and what would
naturally follow a desire to raise
that life to the highost insight of
cultured happiness possible to atat tain.
There is a theory borno out by*
many facts that man has developed
into his prosent shape through u
long series of lowor forms and
through a long succession of ages,
stretching probably through millions
of years; and out of tho primeval
forests he brought with him many
of tho savage instincts which prevail thoro and he founded his first
social system on tho law of the jungle tho survival of tho fittest—tho
latest meaning the strongest physically and tho most dograded morally. This, as will be readily seen, was
au inevitable occurrence but shoulfl
have persisted only during a comparatively short poriod whicle his
intelligence was developing. But
this dovelopment had proceeded as
that of a plant which finds itself
shut oft from a sufficiency of nourishment because of an unfortunate
environment.   .
Early in tho history of man, the
fittest, that is the strongest and
most savago committed a series of
thefts which had a far-reaching and
disastrous result on the lifo of man.
They seized portions of the earth's
surface and constituted themselves
the private owners thereof, transgressing in this one act of insolont
robbery all the laws of ethics and
logic that havo since been discovered and tabulated by man.
From this slavery resulted and
the miseducation of man bogan, the
starving of his mental faculties, and
has continued to the prosent day til!
nine-tenths of us can only think and
talk and dream in terms of dollars
and cents.
Laws wcro made and moral and
religious systems evolved for tho
solo purpose of keeping the slaves in
a willing bondage.
Morality, if it is anything, is a
fixed quality, yet bo find it vnries
geographically, having boen fixed in
various countries, so-called civilized
or otherwiso, to suit the inclinations
or convenience of tho ruling classes.
Religion, which some claim to be
inherent in tho human race, and certainly has been evolved in all races
in some form or other, has been pro-
haps the chief factor in man's moral evolution yet it has bees the
chief force in keoping man's mental capacity subordinated, in orefcr
to make the masses willing tools of
tho state.
Thus have tho savage qualities inherited from jungle-bred ancestors
been kept burning in the human
breast through all the social systems
down to the present time where we
find the survival of the fittest still
as in tho primeval fprost, exercising its diabolical and wtthoring influence upon tho mentality of man.
Whon socioty became firmly established, on the principle of a master claas and a slave class, and production grew above the simple necessities of lifo and luxuries came
into existence, it became necossary
to' invent somo way by which the
greater part of those necessities and
luxuries should accrue to the master
class and money as a medium of exchange was introduced, out of which
grew naturally wage sfovesy. Thoso
wages wero carefully calculated on
what would keep the slave in fnir
working order, aad  tko  cetauaodi-
'ties he produced being sold fat above
this calculation, the surplus went to
the masters, who thus wae able, my
money earned by his slaves, to buy
at all times a plethora of all commodities produced.
To keep these exploited workmen
contented it was necessary to keep,
them as ignorant aa possible while
yet giving them the mechanical skill
necessary in their production.
To this end a system of morality
has been devised woll calculated to
befog the average mind and keep it
in the required condition. In this
system we find such rubbish advocated as "the divine right of kings
and the divine appointment of rulers"; "blue blood;" the ordering
of the masses (them assesf) humbly
and reverently before their betters;
our spiritual pastors and masters;
respect for the well born (whatever
that may mean) and the rich as being somothing above the common
herd; the bobbing and bowing and
baring the head in the prosence of
these supposedly superior beings;
respect.and reverence for titles; undue .servility for employers as beings by whose good graces we are
allowed to exist; and. many forms
of respectful address as "mr," "My
Lord," «'Your Worship," etc., etc.,
calculated to impress the masses
with a keen sense of their own inferiority.
All this trash, repeatod nnd in.
culcated through the generations,
hns produced its result and every
other person you met, until quite
recently, looked upon it as fundamental truth—as somothing far out
of tho reach of sano criticism ot
thc realm of. dispute,
Stato systems of education have
been invonted always with, the dou-
MID WIDE NEWS
lines carefully mapped out for thom
while at tho same time bestowing
thc necessary mechanical skill to
produce commodities, and not with
the intention of developing aud expanding their intellectual qualities
and causing their spark of roason
to becomo brighter aud moro effective.
The ideals placed bofore our young
people havo been always of such a
crippling nature as it was thought
would safe-guard the stato instead
of giving them a true and comprehensive view of life on the earth
together with an incentive to work
V> make that lifo morally and mentally bettor and so add to the world's
happiness. -Sake the patterns always
held out as examples of the suc-
cosseful men. Thore is the great
soldier or fighter, a brute who will
send a million of his fellows to del
st ruction or torturo without compunction.
There is the great captain of industry; a big jowlcd brute who has
worked the lives out of mon a*i
half starvod thousands of helpless
women and children for mere profits without a qualm of conscience.
Great God! what examples to emulate 1
The really great men, from Christ
down, men with an ambition to
make the world something higher
than a department storo or robbers'
cave have been rewarded by tortures and death or years of indescribable agony in dungeons, those
inventions of barbarous age and still
beloved by tho present-day rulors of
the earth.
Thus tho mind of man, a spark of
the supreme intelligence has been
kept from free expansion by the
system of greed and selfishness
which rules the nations of the world
today. Happiness is impossible under such a system as it is a contradiction of tho great law of love, and
nothing but misery can accrue from
it. #
Undoubtedly the worst feature of
this systom of selfishness, from the
day of the original Innd grabber
right down to our own days of grace
has been the crippling of man's reason—the divine in man—and this
constitutes the great crimo of the
ages, which will continue to react
with terrible retribution upon the
race, till tho workers of the world
have taken to themselves the power
and have established a system which
involves giving servico to others.
Not till they have, done this will
they reap the full harvest of worldly happiness or realize the deep blessing of mind developed to the utmost and functioning along altruistic lines.
In considering this question, it is
perhaps well to realize that our capitalistic rulers themselves have not
escaped the withering and soul-doba-
sing consequences of their own system. Intellectually and morally,
they stand today far below the level
of their enslaved victims, contemptible degenerates, hopelessly incurable
in thcir crime and thcir insanity.
You might regard tho monkey as
a bright and clever fellow from the
point of viow of a nut collector, and
Moses and Marx and all the philosophers would have to concede him
many points in tho knowledge of
that industry, but considered us an
intelligent and logical organism—
ono capablo of analyzing and determining tho naturo and meaning of
life and its responsibilities, ho falls
to a very low level in your estimation.
And this cunning of the monkey,
as exhibited in their power of collecting und acquiring for themselves
and that of the average capitalist,
vary neithor in kind nor degree, but
is ono and the samo quality.
Through the centuries have tho
forebears of these capitalists developed thcir brains as a means to rob
and exploit thoir fellows as tho monkey tribe has developed theirs to becomo perfect nut collectors,
The monkey is a product, puro and
simple, of hia environment, and if
any sympathy bo duo to him, it may
on that account be ungrudgingly bestowed; but man, by virtue of his
reason, has held his destiny in a
large, in his own keeping, and he
can blame only himself and his forebears for the present deplorable conditions of his affairs,
»»■"■■	
ti BKOLASD
fUbor aad the Peace Treaty
Labor here ia disgusted witk Ae
capitalist peaca terras. "The condi-
tltak oat of whieh eame the eld war
ar* there, witting to mnke the new
w»r," tayt the Dsily Herald. While
the jingo press, here as ia other
countries, merely laments that the
terms are not harsh enough, all de-
Mat minded men are aghast at a
treaty whioh, as the well-known war
correspondent, H. W. Nevinson, says
"will reduce Europe to a barbaric
welter of misery and tribal conflict
only to be followed by a universe
war still more barbaric than the
last."
Ship Workers Support Russian
Comrades
London.—Tho executive commit*
toe of tho General Union of Opera*
tive Carpenters and Joiners have
passed a resolution in which they
strongly recommend their membors
not to work .on ships being fitted
for conveying troops and munitions
to Bussia, and, further, are seeking
the assistanoo ot other unions con*,
nooted with shipbuilding with a view
to direct action."
PRANCE
Bailway Worken Condemn Treaty
Puris.—-Fronch labor is speaking
with a clear voice regarding the
peaee treaty. Tho Railwaymen's
Congress, which has just adjourned,
representing 237,000 workers, hns
passed by a unanimous voto a resolution protesting against tho treaty
of peace' imposed on the conquered
poople by entente diplomacy,
JAPAN
Labor Party to Be Formed Soon
Tokio.—Tito labor question is becoming ono of tho now factors in
the politics of Japan, and tho formation of a labor party is expected to
tako plnco soon. Among tho reasons
for the formation of sueh a party
those two are foremost: First, it is
contended Jnpnn should havo a labor party as tho result of the great
industrial revolution now going on;
and, secondly, it is claimed such a
party provides the only means
whereby universal suffrage enn be
obtuined, as the existing political,
parties are too conservative.
NOBWAT
Labor Party Backs Moscow
jiC-lristianii*. — An extraordinary
national conference of the labor
party has declared adhesion to the
fftbird international or Moscow"
a,-*-d| passed resolutions to telegraph
Nikolai Lenine, the Bolshevik premier of Bussia, tbat tho conference
ifimto the government establish the
tight of asylum for political refugees-
•i-iTk resolutions also state that the
conference adheres to the declaration of a blockade against countries
and** governments attacking Soviet
Kussiu, and convey tho hope that no
Norwegian worker will assist trade
i« North Russia. Finland, the Baltic
provinces or. other countries whieh
are! being used as bases of operations against Bussia.
While they tell how much uuhap-
plness tlieir riches bring to them,
You'll notice none of the rich seem
anxious about getting rid ot any of
the alleged cause of their alleged
unhapplness.
AUSTRALIA
Australian Citizens Being Deported
Tho present capitalistic pro-war
governmont in Australia is engaged
in making that country "safo for
democracy" by deporting many of
its citizens. In fact, now that the
wnr has terminated, the deportations
are more numerous than ever. The
governmont, howover, Is cunning
onough not to visit its autocracy on
prominent unionists or membors of
the labor party—fearing tho outburst of public opinion that would
assuredly follow.
The latest act of tho government
is the decision to deport somo 60 Boi*
shovik supportors from Australia.
lution after resolution called for radical changes in the government of
of the American Federation of Labor and for placing the .convention
on record as standing with the trend
of radical opinion regarding events
of world prominence."
HTOOABY
Barrackf If amid After Working
Clau Leaden
Budapest.—One of the Interesting
phenomena in connection with the
revolution in Hungary is the fact
that the military barracks have been
re-named after working elass leaders, Thus the Francis-Joseph barrack has been re-christened Marx-
Caserne. Other names figuring in
this transformation are Lenine, Engels, Leibknecht, Lirxcmbourg,
Jaures, Mehring, etc.
Impressive exercises in eaeh case
accompanied tke re-naming of the
military camps, or barracks.
INDIA
Causes of Famine!
Every decade ef foreign rule in
India witnesses an increaso in the
number of famines; and the tragic
and unknown fact ia that these famines are not necessarily caused by
the failure of rains, but because the
people do not have money onough
to buy food. India produces auffl-
cient food to last it through long
poriods of drought; but even in the
worst famine yoars food is shipped'
from tho country, or held at exorbitant prices. The masses are unable
to meet these inflated prices'.
Commenting upon these famines,
tho Indian Industrial Commission, in
a report recently published by the
British governmont says: "Stated
roughly, famines and scarcities have
been four times as numerous during
the last thirty years of the 18th
century as they were one hundred
years earlior, and four times more
widespread."
B. C. Federationist Daily Paper Fund
HOW MUCH DO YOU WANT A FREE PRESS?
Do You Want It Enough to Assist in Paying for It?
LETTERS TO
ID.
Cut out tho above coupon and mall the amount you wish to contribute
to the fund for the purpose of establishing a daily paper for B. C. Be*
•ceipts will be acknowledged from'lime to tike in Tke Federationist.
Editor, B. C. Federatlonltt:
Mr. Lefeaux, in bis controversy
with Miss Jukes, states in the concluding paragraph of his letter,
dated June 7, that he has no doubt
but what the sabotage on the part
of the teachers in Russia might be
duplicated here, if the teachers of
this country would study the stages
of social and economic development in the different countries. I
don't know on what grounds Mr.
Lefeaux bases his assumption, but
I can only conclude that his knowledge ot members of the teaching
profession must be limited to a
few.
Probably there are some who
would welcome the change, but
alas! they are very much in the
minority, because the bulk of the
teaching profession, being mostly
women, era. too conservative, in
fast, they might well be taken as
belonging to tha Victorian era, it
one can Judge from, their remarks
about present day happenings. Some
of them tear they might be classed
with the ordinary worker, who haa
only a job, while they, tho teachers, belong, to a profession. In a
sense they are right, because, In
uy opinion, the Individual at the
job in the majority of cases is clasa
conscious, while the followers of the
teaching profession are contented
to go on ln the same old rut.
The study of sociology, instead ot
the dead languages might change
their viewpoint, but the question
is how to get them to take up tbat
study.
ISOBBL ROSS.
Vancouver, June 18, 1919.
A good Investment Is a change to
get something without earning lt;
it the investment la good enough
and big enough, you may live entirely without earning; such la Uie
way of capitalism in thla glorious
year ot nineteen hundred and nineteen. But why complain about It,
unless you are trying to change it?
Buy only from a union atore.
BSaSBBSSBBBBaB!
PIANOS
A -food piano for lsts.. Saw ___ .
sad bay » rood pitao at lowtat priM
from ua,
Mount's piano housi
125 OxraU W.   (Off. O-Muttaue)
Tslaphsio ley. ton
KLENogentiCo.
Sails, TtnU and Awningi
Tiusittrs' sad OaiiysaAwi*
AFKOVS,  BVlin BOOTS sad
on oLomra
Kai Intel ftm aa etavaa wtr*
«• wavm nun,
VAXOOWBBt B. O.
ITALY
Socialists Applaud Haase
Eome.—-Tho parliamentary group j I
of the Italian Socialists have sent > I
to Hugo Haase, lender of tho Gor-'j
man Independent Socialists, the fol-j
lowing telegram: j J
"Wo applaud your splendid stand.If
The tragic consequences of tho war,!1
which was opposed by those Social , \
ists who remained  faithful  to  ttu
International, unites  us across  the
frontiers in a common indignution.
We are convinced that the peace of
tho imperialists und the capitalist}.
will not delay that of international
Socialism."    (Lo    Populairo,    May
21st.)
GERMAK Y
London.—A correspondent of a
leading British labor paper, on a
visit to Berlin, describes the following incident under dato of Muy 2N:
'' This afternoon I visited the
Liistgarden and found nn immense
crowd of about 40,000 Berlin workmen demonstrating with red flag.**;,
on whieh were inscribed the words:
'We demand ponce, freedom and
bread. Down with wnr. Long live
tho union of workers of all lands.
Down with Noskie's Whito Guards,
Away with Ebcrt and Scheidematui.
Wc demand tho release of political
prisoners. Long live the world revolution.' "
*       . KOREA
/Labor Oongress Elects Debs
I London. — A News Agency dispatch from -Stockholm reports thnt
the Korean Labor Congress recently
h_eld in Moscow elected Eugene V.
Debs. Premier Lenine and a Japan-
me Social Democrat honorary presidents
AMERICA
?,;' Hindu Workers Organise
Now York,—An interesting sign
of. tho times is the fact that the
Hindu workers in this country have
recently organized and aro making
strenuous efforts to bring together
in tho India Workors' Union of
America the 3,000 Hindu hand and
brain laborers in this country. The
headquarters of the organizntion is
at ■ Broadway, Now York,
For Rent at G32 Prior St.—First-
clasB cabin apartments, furnished
for housekeeping, except bedding
and utensils; inside sinks, and electric light. This is a clean and quiot
place, suitable for men who can afford to pay a little higher, rato than
ii charged for some   cabin   apart* and unity and managod, in the faco
ments. •* -furious opposition, to pass roio-
Connecticut Workers Are Radical
Mcriden, Conn.—After a woek of
sharp clashes between radical and
conservative elements, the convention of the Connecticut Federation
of Labor camo to an end horo on
Juno 0. At the last session the radicals showed a   surprising   strength
A FEW FAQS
THE FIRST UNION LABEL IN THIS CITY WAS OURS-
AND WE STILL HAVE IT-FAC-SIMILE HEREWITH:
OUR UNION LABEL
We Employ ONLY Union Men
For fifteen years, merchants of Vancouver and throughout B.C.
have enjoyed a service of quality engravings and commercial
art unexcelled the world over.
518 Hastings Street West
j PAGEBIGffi
eleventh teak. No. ss    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancquvbk, b. a
FBIDAT..
...June M, Ml
DO YOUR CLOTHES
CARRY THE
UNION LABEL.
THEY SHOULD!
The
Union
Label-
Copyright USt Hut Schaffner H Marx
***** 0 BE CERTAIN of value all you need to know is where to
buy your clothes. This Men's Store provides the answer
to that—the only Union Label ready-for-service clothing is
here—made under proper conditions and priced to meet your
idea of values— .
Claman's
LIMITED
153 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Loggers Battling With
Contracting Octopus
(Continued from page 1)
lenbr Copper Mountain and Princeton, are oh Ue unfair list.
On Uie other hand varloua camps
report considerably improved conditions, both in wages and In the
camp.
Recognizing that the coming proletarian dictatorship is distasteful
to the present day apostles of freedom who believe ln government by I
order ln council and other democratic meana, we would, subject to
their permission, and without any
seditious Bolsheviki, anancastic or
revolutionary intent like to get the
two hundred dollars worth of educational matter which Is now being
held up by the customs, and fall*
ing such permission lt will be necessary to "preach the gospel" by other
meana. Doubtless the originator of
the phrase, "The truth will out,"
spoke from experience.
Mention  thc Federatlonist when
you make a purchaso at a store.
Ask Any
Vancouverite
If you -ere to ask moit »ny intelligent Vaaeoivorfto how to
roduco thi High Oost of Uftaf,- tho roply undoubtedly woald
bo:
"BUT  DIREOT  FROM TOE  PRODUCER"
This rule ii especially applicable In reducing the cost of your
Foodstuffs. "THE CAL-VAN MARKET" realised that tha
elimination of the,,middleman Is necessary. They know that
if you "cut-out" tno various middleman's profits—the coBt of
delivery, the necessity of maintaining an expensive accounting
department, tbe polioy-compelling cash buyers to absorb the
loss incurred through bad paying credit customers, and other
incidentals usually found—that the price of foodstuffs could
be materially reduced.
To any sane man or woman, th oelimtnation of these "frills"
is evidenoe eaou-gh. But wc offer yoa more than this evidence.
We offer you the goods as priced below, and as displayed with
prices in plain figures throughout THE CAL-VAN MARKET,
at ter below the usual prevailing prices. The savings you can
effect will be a revelation—truly, an astounding reduction on
every artlole of food that ti a necessity in the average hone.
Gome in and see for yourself,
Cal-Van Market
HASTUCU IT.
OPPOSITE  PAKTAOES
Here's our offer
to workingmen
—ai fine a selection of Men's Suits as you'll find
in the city—equal to any stock in style, quality
and finish.
—at prices that mean values equal to any you can
obtain elsewhere.
tIBERAI. CREDIT TERMS—YOCR SUIT GIVEN TOO ON
PAYMENT OF A SMALL CASH DEPOSIT AND BALANCE IN
WKEKLY PAYMENTS OF SMALL AMOUNT.
Where Else Will You Be Aeoorded Such Treatment?
Call and see our stock and let us explain fully our business methods. , ■
B.C. OUTFITTING CO.
342 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Near Homer
Minor Matters Left Over
Until Strike Is Settled
(Continued from page I)
jitneys, he menioned my name as
being one of the Committee.'"
I further said that the Mayor was
deliberately trying to "get me" as
I was not in the city at the time the
committee interviewed him.
I wish to correct this and I admit
that my atatement was wrong. The
Smith mentioned being M. D. Smith
and not myself.
By this admission lt will be seen
that the Mayor was not referring
to me.
In regard to the rest of my remarks relating to the CouncU and
the "jitneys,' I still stand by them.
Yours fraternally,
JAMES G. SMITH.
Delegate Edwards of the strike
committee, reported that the men
were still standing pat, and that the
committee were reporting daily to
the members, and it was useless to
repeat all that had transpired. He
also stated that the Brewery workers of New Westminster were coming out, and ln view of that fact the
strike committee had withdrawn
the permits of the brewery workers
here, and the soft drink dispensers;
Delegate House asked if the strike
committee had made any arrangements for all workers to go bock en
masse after the strike was over,
instead of having the men dribble
back. Delegate Edwards replied
that the workers would not go back
until all demands had been met.
Delegate Wolls pointed out that
when the strike waa called off, it
would be ca'led off by the workers
themselves and not the strike committee, or any other . committee.
Delegate Alexander reportod that
the Steam engineers were out ln
New Westminster, and that It the
strike was not settled by Monday,
every engineer In the province
would be called out. Delegate Mil.
lard of tbe sailors reported that
membera of the Merchant servico
guild were operating winches and
firing. He also reported that the
sailors in Victoria were standing
pat with the longshoremen, and
that If the delegates to the Tradei
council had have voted aa had thoir
locals, the workers In Victoria
would, have been out by now. He
referred to J. Dakers, whose local
union had voted in a majority for
the strnte, but he had voted In the
council againBt it. Delegate Scott
of the marine firemen and oilers, reported that the office staff were operating as firemen, and this after
TWO—ADD—FED
the .laps had refused, and the Chinese had refused to work tho shins.
He also stated that In future .lap*
anese workers would be taken into
their organization on the same
basis as the white man.
Rumors Settled.
Quite a few rumors were settled
by the delegates reporting for their
locals. The Carpenters reported
that practically all men were on
strike, and that members that voted
against It at first were now
amongst the most determined, aB
they had realized the nature of the
struggle. The Teamsters, the
Butchers and the Freight handlers
aliio reported that they were solid.
The question of union eating houses
receiving supplies from non union
sources wns brought up; ths committee reported that plans were be I
ing completed to deal with the silu I
atlon. The Laundry workers re-,
ported that the cafes were having
their work done at the union laundries, and as a result the business
of the fair laundries was being materially Increased. It was reported
that the strike committee was in
KNOINEIES HAVE GONE
OVER TO 0. B. TJ.
Vancouver   Steam   and   Operating
Englneera Break Aaway from
Old A. F. of L.
Members of late Local 620 should
take note that all officers to tbat
local resigned and that the business is now being conducted under
the name ot Engineers', Fireman
and Oilers' Section of the 0. B. U.
F. L. Hunt is acting temporarily
as president, and W. A. Alexander
as temporary Becrotary.
It was decided at the regular
business meeting last Monday to
appoint a committee to draw ap a
preamble and bylaws for the guidance of our members until such
time as the O. B. U. is in a position
to function as the central organization of the workers* of B. C. and
some little time is sure to elapse
before this can be accomplished.
So it will therefore be necessary
for our members to have an executive board to carry on the business
of this union. During the interim
tt was decided to elect an executive
council at the business meeting to
be held in Room 302, Labor Temple,
next Monday evening, June 23rd.
The meeting will commenoe at 7.30
p.m., and all members who can possibly attend should do so. It you
want to have the buaineas of your
union run as you consider lt should
be run you should attend the business meetings and assist in conducting the business of same/
FIOHTERS OET LEMON
FBOM GOVERNMENT
Sightseers to be Given Handsome
Sum by Ottawa—-Fighters
Usual Amount.
A most sensational rumor has
reached Vancouver from Ottawa to
the effect that the returned soldier,
the boy who has done all the fighting in bis attempt to make the
world safe tor democracy, ia going
to get his reward ln the shape of
a lemon, while the fellows who did
all the sightseeing will be rewarded
Handsomely. The rumor has it that
the Ottawa Government will give
General Currie 1500,000 for hiB ser*
vices and 140,000 to each division
commander, J20.000 to each brigade
commander, and while the Government ts at it, it haa decided to raiae
its own salaries trom $2,500 per
year to $4,000. If this is true there
is likely to be a big job ln the
very near future for the Returned
Citizens' Committee to keep "law
and order" nmong its own membership.
Hamilton, Canada/—'Electrical
Workers' Union No. 105 signed an
agreement with the Cataract Power
Company on behalf of the operators
and maintenance men at Decew
Falls and all substations which* will
give the operators an increase of
from $10 to (25 per month and
maintenance men 10 to \2_ cents
per hour. Tii. increase dates from
June 1. The employees work eight-
hour shifts.
There is still time to REGISTER,
communication with Victoria, A
delegate asked how' was non union
places receiving gas and light
Delegate Edwards explained that
the hospitais and other places were
all receiving gas and light from one
source, and it was not desired to
cause any undue suffering. He reported that the committee had the
question under consideration. The
council adjourned just before 11
o'clock.
The Newest
and Best
Styles in
Bathing Suits
For Women, Misses
and Children
WHETHER you desire
a knitted cotton,
union or all-wool bathing
suit you will find that we
are supplied and ready to
take care of your needs.
Accessories, too, are here
in noteworthy assortments.    Note these:
Women's Knitted Cotton
Bathing Suits, at $2.50
to $5.00.
Mixed wool and cotton,
$6.95 and $7.50, or in
all wool at $5.95 to
$10.50.
Women's Bathing Caps,
50«t to $1.00 'each and
Shoes at 65(> and 95<£ a
pair.
Children's and Misses'
Bathing Suits in knitted
cotton at $4.25 to
$5.00 or in wool at
$6.75 to $7.50.
Children's and Misses'
Bathing Caps at 25«) to
$1.35 each, and shoes at
50«> a pair.
UMrtD
675    ORANVILLE    ST.
Edmonton, Canada.—The Mothers' Act passed at the lost session
of the Alberta legislature provides
that a widow with a boy under fifteen years of age and a girl under
sixteen, and not being able to properly provide for them, may be assisted. The amount of the allowance is left to the inspector having
supervision of the enforcement of
the law.
The anti-Bolshivlki forces are
advancing backwards from Petrograd, according to the latest des.
patches.
For An Enjoyable Picnic
Take the forty-minute ride from North Vancouver to
HORSESHOE BAY
Vancouver's popular rcBort, hy the scenic route along the
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
in airy and comfortable coaches, through gorgeous scenery, to this natural beauty spot.
Free running water, picnic tables installed in a shady
park, safe beach for children, dressing rooms for bathers,
and boats for hire.
, A Sports Ground, 300 by 70 feet, Is Available for
Excursion Parties
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two
hotels.
Trains leave North Vancouver terminal on Sundays at
30 minutes past each hour.   Depot adjoining ferry wharf.
RETURN FARE 60c—Good Day of Issue Only
For further information phone Passenger Dept., Sey. 9547
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Welton Building; 326 Howe Street
Fashion
Craft
QUALITY CLOTHES
Fashion Craft makers stake their reputation, not ohiy upon what they make-
but how it is sold, thus insuring no misrepresentation.
NO  UNFAIR  PROFITS
The same service and treatment to all.
THOS. FOSTER & CO., LTD.
514 Gran.ille Street
.Minimum Wage ahd
Laundry Workers
(Continued from page 3)
country In the world an apprentice
ia a Juvenile put to a trade to be
taught that trade. Not so, good
people; we are, in the good'company of all professors and compilers of dictionaries, etc., wrong. On
the authority of the Board a female
apprentice is a woman any age over
18 years up to 60, and they are not
to be taught the trade. B. C. with
its wonderful minimum wage board
has put the whole world right. But
there is another powerful reason
for this ridiculous ruling by the
Board. The parent supported young
girls which Uie Board desires to enable the proprietors to introduce
into the non-union laundries are
inexperienced and naturally therefore are apprentices. If, however,
the Board said so their number
would be limited to one-seventh of
the employeeB. Apparently this Is
not sufficient in number for the
Board. They want to enable the
proprietors to pitchfork them whole-
Bale into the non-union laundries.
Dealing next with the scales it
was pointed out that without a
clause compelling the employers to
teach these young girls the laundry
business they would be made to
specialise; and referring to,the two-
year period which a girl will have
to be in laundries before she
reaches the zenith ot usefulness,
questions were ironically asked
whether it was the deliberate opinion of the Board that lt would take
a girl two years to learn how to
shake out sheets, pillow slips, etc.;
two years for a girl to learn how
to mix starch and starch collars and
shirts, and so on through the wholo
gamut of the laundry industry. Tbe
questions themselves point the absurdity of the position of the
Board, and that they were very
irritating was evident. What, however, do laundry girls generally
think on the subject? Does it take
two years? And will It not be more
Irritating to the girls who commencing at eight dollars at the end of
four months flnd themselves only
entitled to a fifty cents raise? The
only answer the delegation could
extract was that the Board was
not sufficiently experienced In the
machinery of a laundry to express
an opinion. It was an anti-climax.
The Board cynically admit that
they know nothing about the laundry Industry except to fix the
wages, cues for which they have
evidently taken from the proprietors.
The position is now clearly before
the girl in the non-union laundries.
It is hopeless to expect anything
from the Board. The interests
dominate it. and. the Board must see
to it that they do nothing to stop
the flow of cheap labor. The employers will protest that they have
no Intention ot introducing cheap
labor. If so, why did they not
recommend the Board to withdraw
the scales? Mr. Barrett and Mr.
Sharp wore present and had the
opportunity. They know what their
Intentions are when things ate a
little more quiet and the time is
ripe. The weeding-out process will
commence. Two or three girls will
be missing each week and young
girls substituted, until $13.50 per
weok will be the maximum In the
laundry industry instead of the
minimum. That is what the proprietors are aiming at and what the
Board is assisting them to attain.
What are laundry workers generally going to do about it? They
muat for self-protection join the
union. At a special meeting of the
union the whole question was
threshed out, and it was deeded to
SOMETHING NEW
FOR THE LADIES
A SHIPMENT OF SWEATER COATS,  SPORT SKIRTS
AND NEW 0APES HAS JUST ARRIVED
COME in and take a peep at tbem! They're real beaatiee,,
and they're so wonderfully cheap.—Besides, if you can't
afford to pay caah down, we will assist yon hy our "Pay-as.
you-wear" plan.
SPORT SKIRTS
These come in the latest New
York stylos, in fanoy checks
and stripes. The materials include silks and other popular
fabrics, priced from $4.50
and up.
SWEATER OOATS
Hade of pure silk, fibre silk,
and pure wool jersey. The
styles are the latest And most
up-to-date, and include belted
models with largo sailor collars, also tight fitting styles
with and without sleeves, The
prices range from $9,00
up. ™
MEW   CAPES
Extremely smart and pretty capes suitable for street or outing wear.
The materials include garbadincs, tricotiues, French silk, poplin,
Berg-M, etc. Some are lined with brocaded satin, others lined with
satin in contrasting colors. Trice to suit all purses from $22,50
and up.    . .  * .
DRESS WELL ON EASY TERMS AT THE
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
143 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Opp. Province Olllce ... Sty. 1361
All Boats now operating
other than the Ferries
ARE UNFAIR BOATS
Whether used for Picnics
or otherwise
hold out the olive branch. There
has been a scrap and hard things
were said on both sides. A local
strike is not a kid glove affair, but
in the interests of mutual solf preservation they must be forgot. As
a preliminary step the initiation
fee was reduced to one dollar for
girls and two dollars for men. A
propaganda committee was also appointed and will got bus}* right
away. Twelve dollars and fifty
cents for a 44-hour week is the
minimum wage for girls, no matter
what age ln the union laundries,
with rates up to $17.00. Por the
men '24.00 is the minimum. You
can all get and hold the same if
you join the union.
St. Johns, Nfld.*-Tlie Builders'
Association has accepted the 60
cents an hour demand of the
Bricklayers' and Masons' Union.
MJieworkers Alio Line Up
Tho entire membership bf Dis
la of tlio United Mine Workers,
ering thc provinces of Alberta
British Columbia, are malting
necessary changes for joining
O. B. U. This district will
known ns tho Mineworkcrs' Sei
of thc O. B. U.
Janitors to Meet
Tho .Tauitors and Elevator
tendauts union will.jnei't neit ]
dny in thc Labor Tomple nt 7
This meeting is held with thc
ject of increasing the men-be*
so every sympathizer is rcqm
to get a move on so as to ini*-
our number with all -possible .*■]
Stockholm, June 17.—A si
republic has been claimed In
sarabla, according to advices
ceived today from Petrograd.
EVERYTHING FOR MEN'S
OUTFITS AT A RIGHT PRICE
Big Values
for Men
Any man who doesn't believe
that Dick sells goods at a reasonable price needs to read this
advertisement—and get wise to
himself.
Balbriggan Underwear
OUC   -Per Garment
Yes, that's just what wc sold thc same
article tor in 1913—and you can get it
for the same pi-ice tomorrow—how's that
for a square deal!
Llama Socks, Genuine, Every
Pair Stamped; 45c  Per Pair
—$6.50 per dozen is the wholesale price
of these sox in Montreal today. Yet Dick
offers them at $5.40 por dozen.
Wouldn't it pay to lay in a dozen pairs at
our price!
Fancy Colored Shirts,   $1,75   Each
These shirts aren't seconds—they're honest  Dick  Quality  at a  Dick price.    Look
anound  and  you'll find the   samo   shirts sold in other stores at $2.50 and $3.00.
THESE LINES ARE ONLY TYPICAL OP THE ALL-ROUND PRICE
POLICY OF THE DICK STORES-"THE BEST-FOR LESS."
Guarantee With Every Article—"Your Money's Worth or Your
Money Back."
33 -45-47-49, Hastings St. East;

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