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The British Columbia Federationist May 23, 1919

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(%.,™) -H-50 PER YEAR
Strike at Princeton Still On—Men Have
to Face Unbelievable Conditions and
Receive Worthless Cheques for Labor
Why are we organized t  Ask your-^social system in which evolution has
self the question, and give nn answer. Ask the other member nnd get
an answer. And upon those answers
depend the. future operntion ei this
organization. At the gcnorul meeting in July, tho answers to the question have to be given effect to by
action. Wm^ living and working
conditions do the memberB of the B.
ft L, U. demand as a minimum?
Do they still intend te buy their
jobs from the employment lg..nd«sj
Do they still intend to pay exorbitant fares for rotten travelling accommodation to get to jobs hundreds
of miles away? Do thoy intend to
refuse to go to jobs which do not
conform to union requirements at to
wnges, hours and living conditions?
Do they still intend to pack' thoir
blankets and then sleep on rotten,
lousy, stinking mattresses in double
decked and sometimes double-barrelled muzzle-loading bunks! Do they
intend to demand that the camp
health regulations be lived up to, or
the camp black-listed and closed
downf l)o thoy intend to continue
to work for outfits which run their
camps on punk grub, worthless
cheques and with medical and hospital schemes which are '.'approved" by and satisfactory to everyone but the men themselves! In
fact, doos the camp worker intend
to bc a man, stand on his feet like
a man, or to crawl like a spineless
beast, fit only to be exploited to the
limit by the boss! Information coming from members relating their ex*
periences makes one marvel that the
men ever stood such treatment, or,
having stood it, that they had backbone enough to get together. Boll
out or roll up! Pork and beans and
stack of hots, varied by mulligan]
Soaked for a job; soaked on the job;
soaked in town. No propor accommodation. Pnid on tho job with pro-
1 miles instead of cash, given worthless cheques at the finish. A mem*
ber came in front Whalen'a camp
this week with several months'
cheques, which tho bank turned
down. He waa lucky, they cashed
the cheque for January wages. He
haa the rest for souvenirs. He isn't
the only one by somo scores. Another man from the same outfit, an
ex-service man, went up on April 1,
came down on May 10, brought his
April cheque for .$1.60, which was
all his after deducting board, fare,
hospital, poll tax and $10 for goods
in store. He had to work his way
down on the Venture. His wife and
family are having a great time
thinking what they will do with the
cash when the bank comos. through
with thc real coin. And so long as
tho workers are willing to aecept
euch conditions .they are good, desirable citizens, worthy of upholding
the beat traditions of the country,
men   With   whom   tke   cmployern   cm
get together, with whom they cnn
co-operate to advance their
"mutual" interests. Mon for whom
Central Missions ean be maintained to help lift themselves up. Mon who can be prayed
for and preyed on. But let those
■nine meu organizo to socure better
working and living conditions. Lot
them demand that tho laws written
professedly in the interests of thc
workerB be enforced, be thoso laws
the Factory Aet, Truck Aot, semimonthly pny aet, or anything else
which would, If enforced, tend even
in the slightest degree to elevato
their standards, but possibly at some
slight expenae or inconvenience to
the employer, then what a roar goes
up againat these "Bolsheviki,"
Alien enemies, "undesirable eiti-
■one," "I. W. W. agitators," and
disruptora of our sano and sensible
reached thc zenith of its development. At Princeton tho 600 members of this organizntion becamo nil
that was bad and undcsir*H-
soon as they demanded \ yfantf
conditions. At Headquarter10,
Comox Logging Bailway iu,, the
300 men whb had previously been
desirable in every way, immediately
became enemy aliens, who were aiming to overthrow the industrial system when thoy came out on strike
against lousy beds and unsanitary
camps. The employers wired to their
govornment to permit - the importation of strike-breakers from across
tho line. It's safe to say that for
every strike-breaker who is imported, a thousand citizens of this Province who aro members'of the B. O.
L. IT. and organized labor generally
will take immediate action to tie Up
the job the scab or the greatest scab
of tho lot, th'e employer, tighter than
they were ever tied up beforc. Thia
also applies to the Granby Company,
who want to bring in sixty miners
from tho States to work at Anyox,
owing to the alleged shortage of
Many Labor Disputes Are
Favorably Settled Dur-
''    w Veek,
Annual Meeting of Labor
Party to Be Held First
Tuesday in June
Lester's subject on Sunday evening will be "Ten Days That Shook
the World."
The Young People's Club picnic
will bc Uld on Saturday at Mahon
Park, JSorth Vancouver. It is intended to leave by tho ferry from
this side at 10 o'clock. As a number of the older folk bave signified
thctr intention of "making a day
ot it," there ought io bo a goodly
eompany on hand.
On Tuesday. June 8, the annual
meeting of tne Federated Labor
Party, Greater Vancouver Branch,
will be held. All officers aro to be
elected at this meeting and standing
committees arranged for. There is
enough of real work in sight to warrant a big turn out for this meeting. Every member of the party is
entitled to be present and if the
membership will take a hand in deciding a few of the questions in-
Itead of leaving decisions to standing committees there will be more
satisfaction—to the committees as
well as to others.
Comrado J. McMillan was elected
at the last monthly meeting to the
Vancouver secretaryship. As Comrade Trotter is finding enough work
in connection with tho provincinl
Committee ho resigned the local secretaryship which ho has held since
thc organization of the party. Comrade McMillan is well known in
Vancouver, is at presont secretary of
the Painters' Union, and is a veteran of both the South African and
the."Great" wars. He was badly
mauled in France. lie also has a
few settled convictions that have
lot! nothing as a result of his experiences,
firanbrook district organization is
going ahead well. There are some
good delegates at work in the camps,
men who arc quite willing to be discriminated against for their activities on thc job, because, being fired,
they have to get a job in another
camp straight away, whero tho same
process goes on. Here's, n riddle, If
the boss keeps a delegate in his
camp it becomes organized. If ho
fires the delegate, he goes to other
camps and carries on the work there.
What is the best thing for thc boss
to do! Tom- Mace iB at Prince
George, and has opened up a district
offlee, so that that district be thoroughly attended to without the long
delay in receiving and answering
communications which was inevitable when everything had to come
to headquarters, He reports that
owing to the many complaints sent
to the. Provincial Health authorities
concerning conditions in tho camps
of thia district, a special inspection
has boen carried out by the authorities, ar/1 so damnable was the state
of affairs that in some cases tbe camp
was immediately condemned. In
other cases, 30 days extension of
time was allowed. Consequently the
business intorests of this district arc
highly indignant against the interference with the industries of the
country by that undesirable organization ,the B. C. L. U., which insist*
upon the requirements of the law
being compiled with; and attempts
are being made to intimidate the organizers and delegates. All persons
concerned are notified thnt the B. C.
L. TJ. has 6000 members and $20,000,
which' are at tho back of any and
all of its members tn protect them
as individuals or as a body. That
overy process of law will be used to
protect tho interests, and if these
means are not sufficient, wc are prepared to call upon the full resources
of organized labor. The aim and
object is to advance and maintain
the social and economic interests of
the workers.
Tense Situation Exists in
a Number of
Tho general strike at Winnipeg
had a sobering effect upon the building contractors of Begina, Sask.
Late- Saturday night the employers
agreed to the demands of the carpenters for SO cents, an eight-hour
day, and Saturday half-holiday. The
carpenters had been on atrike for
some time and a sympathetic strike
was being voted upon favorably by
all unions. It may also have had
something to do with the settlement
of thc Metal Workers' dispute in
Calgary, as the strikers' demands
for 80 eents nn hour and a 44-hour
week were granted Saturday night.
A sympathetic strike vote was nlso
being taken in this place. The
miners of District 18 have voted
overwhelmingly in favor of a general strike and will go out Saturday
morning to enforce their demands
for an increase in wages,
Toronto is heading towards a general strike as the result of tho favorable result of a vote for a sympathetic strike on behalf of the
Metal Trades workers. International latter officials have been hurried to Toronto in anticipation of a
tense situation.
A general strike was called at
Amherst, N. S., Tuesday morning by
thc Federation of Labor for the introduction of a nine-hour day. Every
industrial plant in the city ie tied
up as a consequence. Three thousand men are idle.
The Port'Arthur shipyard was
tied up by a strike Monday morning. The striko vote was not unanimous, but the iron shipbuilders went
out, thus tieing up the plant, whieh
employs 1,300 men. The men aek
increases in wages and shorter,
hours, but declare reduction in cost
of foodstuffs would satisfy them in
place of increased wages.
Every machinist in the City of
Ottawa will be called out on strike
in the very near future unless the
employers meet tho demands of the
men now on strike, this will' mean
tieing up work in the Government
Printing Bureau, government shipyards, public works deportment and
civic machine shops. English teach*
ors in the separate schools at Ottawa arc out on strike for an increase
in wages amounting to about $200
per annum.
Tho striko of the Dominion
Bridge. Company employees at Montreal hus been -settled iu favor of the
men, who will work nine hours per
day fivo days a week for wages
ranging from 40c per hour for laborers to 70c per hour for machinists.
The papermakers of Sault Ste.
Marie have been awarded an increase of practically 15 per cent.
in wages.
Practically all the teamsters and
day laborers at the Ontario Agricultural College, about 30 men all told,
went on strike Monday for higher
wages. Teamsters are receiving $60
a month and day laborers $2,50 a
day at present.
Seattle Building Trades
Have FuU Holiday
Seattle, Wash, — The five-day
working week plan has been instituted by the Seattle Building Tradea
Council, comprising 25 affiliated local unions. The mc-nntiie was adopted without any objection from employers, and work was suspended
in conformity with the new rule on
all union jobs.
Approximately 6000 union members of thc building trades aro affected by the new rule, which substitutes a 40-hour for a 44-hour week
or specifically makes Saturday a full
holiday in place of a half holiday,
as formerly. The half holiday on
Saturday was the cause of much
Are Forcing the Hand* of the Strikers-
Mob Being Armed—Strike May Spread
to  Other   Cities — Vancouver   Ready
The Winnipeg strike situation is*of labor union locals declared they
still tense in spite of tho fact that
the daily press states that the critical period of the strike has passed.
The commercial interests have
taken tho bull by the horns and are
attempting to resume business. The
city officials have also been forcing
the hands of the strikers by opening up various publie works.departments. These activities would seem
to be aimed at goading tho striken
on to acts of violence, something
that thc strikers haVe been aiming
to avoid. Thousands' of soldiers,
and a troop of Northwest Mounted
Police, are held in readiness for
trouble,' and several hundred citi;
zona have signed up with the authorities for vigilance service.
Wild Bnmors   .
All kinds of wild rumors have
been publishod in the daily press.
One statement to the effect that a
soviet government had boen formed
and that the strikers were in con*
trol of the city, was sent broadcast
over the wires. This has since
proven to be false as well as have
many other statements tending to
create a prejudice against *ne
So far the strike has been a remarkable success. Every phase of
industrial activity has been affected, both insido and out sido of the
city. - Freight yards hnd warehouses aro clogged; telegraph,-tele-
phone aiv.l mail service Is at a standstill; newspapers practically are ont
of commission and all city transportation is at a standstill.
Strike May Spread     .
Labor unions throughout the country are taking sympathetic strike
votes, and the various railroad
unions have all practically decided
to strike, and irrespective of the
International, mny. yet walk out.  -
On Thursday -morning news despatches stated that James Winning,
presidont of the Winnipeg. Trades
and" Labor Council, notified Mayor
Gray tbnt the unions arc prepared
to consider a strike sottlemcnt on
the basis of general'union recognition and reinstatement of all union
men who went on strike. A delegation of 24 trainmen urged the Provincinl Government to act ns conciliator and bring about industrial
peaco as soon as possible.   Officers
were ready to discuss concilation,
Later developments in tho Winnipeg strike, according to Thursday
afternoon news despatches, indicate
that tho "bost" (!) citizens, 2,000
strong, gathered in and around the
Board of'Trade Building and urged
the breaking of the Btrike.
An attempt is to be made to operate the street cars, and all restaurants and places of amusement
have beea closed because the owners were compelled to tako down
the; "permitted by the atrlke committee '' signs, which gavo union
[-mea permission to work in these
plat.es. As .soon as these signs were
taken down thc union mon walked
. - - Arming a Mob
. Four -thousand recruits have been
sworn into tho regulnr military
establishment and part are being
drilled nightly. Guns and service
ammunition have, been distributed
to all depots and the volunteers are
drilling'with rifle and bayonet, but
do not take thcir arms home with
them. ' Thirty assembly stations
haye been'arranged with the help
of the Committee of One Thousand.
Autos and" despatch riders with _no-
torcyeles .stand ready day and night
to rush to the homos of the citizen
recruits and carry them to the armories if. the call to arms goes out.
Machine guns, too, are in readiness,
and yet; amid all theso grim preparations thero is not a sign of violence and the daily'papers issued
by both, sides continue to counsel
peace: and patience.
At"Tradcs Hall this recruiting Is
regarded, with extreme . bitterness,
but this feeling is not expressed in
the official organ, which is rnther
moderate in tone, though striking
all the time a very cheerful note.
While the strikers aro daily receiving'special messages of encourage*
ment from as far west as Vancouver, and as fur east as Toronto, the
citizens, too, are receiving similar
messages from all over the country.
-■The Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council decided at its meeting
Thursday night to call a general
stride if the military" is used
against tho strikers. Iu tho interim
the, unions affiliated with the
Trndes and Labor Council will take
a sympathetic strike vote.
Female Workers, Attention
An organization meeting of all
female workers employed in the
wholesale warehouses, factories, and
sugar refinery will be held under
the auspices of the Teamsters and
Warehousemen's Union on Monday
ovening next, at 8 o 'clock, in Boom
306 Labor Temple. If you have a
friend workingin any plant in Vancouver tell her to come along, or,
better still, bring them along.
SUNDAY, May 15-Typo-
graphicnl Union,
MONDAY; May 20—Boilermakers, Steam and Operating Engineers, Patternmakers, Policemen, Janitors and Elevator Attendants, Amalgamator Engineers, Iron Workers, TJ. a.
Carpenters No. 017.
TUESDAY, May 27—Canadian Bro. Bailway Employees, Barbers, Can Workers,
Lithographers, Amal, Carpenters.
Metal Trades Council, Gas
Workers, Boilermakers' Examining Board, City Hall
Employees, Teamsters and
Chauffeurs, Laundry Workers.
THUBSDAY, May 20—Trades
and Labor Council, Painters.
FBIDAY, May 30-Amalgamated Postal Workers,
Workers, Pile Drivers and
Wooden Bridgemen, Mill*
men, Boilermakers' Execu*
tive, i
The Empress Was Packed
to Hear Edmonton
Tho Socialist Party of Canada
has secured the services of Joe
Knight for Sunday night next. Owing to thc Empress being filled before the meeting started last Sunday
big number had to bo turned
away. Theso people may take advantage of this second lecture, if
they are early.
Last Sunday Joe thrilled the audience with his very forceful manner of speech as he dealt with the
International capitalist class, and
there is evory reason to believe he
will be just as brilliant next Sunday
when his lecture will be on "Tha
Class Struggle, *' a subject very
vital to every member of the working class at this stage of the game.
Come early and got a seat. Doors
open at 7:30 p.m.   Chair 8 p.m.
Questions and discussion.
Decide to Form Organization on Industrial
At a specinl meoting of local 1353
(U. B. of C. and J.), (Mill and Factory Wood Workers) held on Friday,
Mny 10, aud well attended. A motion to withdraw from thc International was carried unanimously. Absolute unanimity of opinion prevail
ed among the speakers on the desirability of organizing along industrial lines. The meeting was con'
tinucd after adjournment as an organization meeting, and all present
were finally initiated as membors of
Millmen's Union, No. 1. Consider
able enthusiasm was manifested, the
opinion being freely .expressed that
the new form of organization would
fend to rapidly extend the scope of
the millmen'» activities.
The districts of Vancouver and
New Westminster are alroady woll
covered, and the Mill Workers are
evidently well alive to tho need for
A mteting was also held in Now
Westminster on Saturday evening,
when equal enthusiasm was ovinood
and many nsw members Introduced
into tho new organisation, So successful has the movement become in
that eity, that it has Been decided
for the benefit of mombers residing
there to hold meetings on tht first
Thursday and third Saturday of
each month in the Labor Temple.
The Vancouver regular meetings
will continue on the second and 4th
Fridays of eaeh month.
The business atent's offiee le
Boom 208, Labor IwplU
Boilermakers' Union No. IM
Recently a charge was made by
five members of the Boilermakers'
Union against four other members
of the local, accusing them of aiding ond propagating the formation
of a dual organization (known as
tho O, B. U.) against the interests
of the local. This charge was originally communicated to tho International Lodge, without referring
samo to the local lodge, tbo result
being that the International revoked the membership of the four mon
charged. In consequence of this
action, taken by tno international,
the matter wns taken up and dii
cussed by the membership and
motion pusscd that the four accused
members be tried by the local on
the charge laid, according to the
constitution and bylaws of the organization. A trial committee wns
nominated aud elected by the local,
This committee snt and heard the
ovidenco on Friday ovening, May 0,
and met again on Sunday, May 11,
to arrive at the verdict. After considering the evidence and the bearing or lack of bearing which the
constitution had in relation to the
charge, the committee unanimously returned a verdict of .."not
guilty." . Thc names of the four
members affected by the charge
wcro E. J. Wood, E. Moore, J. Barber, T. Grogan.
Glens Falls, N. Y.—The Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill Workors' union and mechanics have declared a
strike against the International Papor company as a result of a refusal
to concede an increase In wages. The
trouble involves 22 plants, somo of
which have entirely ceased operations, involving severnl thousand
Reprisals Follow in One
Case—Returning Man
'Gets No Gratuity
Returned men who arrived
Vancouver this week, report thnt on
arrival, at Winnipeg they were lined
up on the platform, and asked to
volunteer for servico in the strike
zone. In ono case a company of 00
men were asked to undertake this
duty,..but they unanimously decided that the coast looked good to
them, and refused treatment. They
were then told that they could
either undertake this duty or receive their discharges. In one caso
one of the men had only three days
to go to be entitled to the gratuity
for throe years' service, and because he would not do duty ho was
given his discharge, which precludes
hint from getting tho money which
under ordinary circumstances ho
would have received. Tlio very fact
that he received his dischargo in
Winnipeg shows the reason for that
action, as all men for thc coast usually receivo thoir -discharge here,
unless they arc members of a complete unit, which is discharged as
'i. This is another example of a
grateful country's reward to men
that have faced death that democracy—save tho mark—might bo safe.
Calgary Has Been Chosen
as the Place of
Meeting   '
——————^^————— .     |
Central Body Votes Thousand Dollars to
Daily Paper Fund—High Cost of Living.       j
'Discussed—Delegates Elected to O.B.U.
The decision  of  the   Vuicauver»Oraiiitc Cuttera re Aeir affiliation
Overwhelming   Vote
Favor of One Big
The votes on the formation of the
One Big Union, and the six-hour day
proposals are about all in, both
measures having received a large
majority in favor. The central committee through Socretary Midgley
has issued the following call for the
second conference, which will deal
with tho formation of tbe new organization:
Call for Conference
To Central Councils and District
Boards: Greetings—Tho returns of
the referondum on industrial organization so far received indicate, that
this proposal has been carried
throughout the four western provinces by an overwhelming majority.
The vote of the membership work:
ing in tbe vital industries from Port
Arthur, Ont., to Victoria, B. 0., in
favor of the "One Big Union" has
surpassed our most optimistic anticipations, despite tho lack of funds
and the brief time at our disposal
to carry on tho propaganda, and in
the face of bitter opposition from
the daily press and somo officials of
the labor movement.
Tho Central Executive committee,
in accordance with thc instructions
of thc Calgary convention, has decided to call the conference of representatives of Trades and Labor
Councils and District Boards to meet
in the Labor Hall, Calgary, Alta.,
on Wednesday, June * at 10 a.m, for
thc purpoBo of drawing up the plans
of the new organization.
Basis of representation will be as
follows: Afflliated membership of
five thousand or less, one delegate;
over five thousand/ two delegates;
over ten thousand, three delegates.
Credentials should be on the official
noto paper of your organization
signed by the president and secretary, and addressed to V. B. Midgley, Labor Hall, Calgary, Alta.
A largo number of organisations
desire to become part of the new
movoment at onco, and the executive therefore decided that it was
imperative to call the conference at
as early a date as possible.
On behalf of the Central Execu
tive committee,
Yours or industrial organization,
Trades and Labor Council on the
Winnipeg situation was in line with
itB past record. While not seeking
trouble, organized labor in tho west
is always prepared to prevent labor
in any part being crushed. On a
recommendation of the executive
committee, it was decided that in
the event of militnry interference
in the situation in, Winnipeg', that
the executive be empowered to call
a general strike, and that the local
unions take a vote on the question
in the interim. The matter' was
brought to the attention of the executive by telegrams received from
Calgary, Brandon and Victoria asking thc council to tako action, and
pointing out the action taken by the
central. bodies in those cities, which
is similar to that taken by the Vancouver central body last night.
Daily Paper
An appeal from the directors for
finances to .aid in establishing the
Federationist as a daily paper, was
received and a recommendation .of
the oxecutive to grant a thousand
dollars towarda this object wu carried without dissent.
An appeal from the Seattle general striko defense committee asking,
for financial assistance in the defense df members of organized labor
arrested during the strike was received, the council donating one
hundred dollars to this committee,
with a recommendation that thc
local unions take the matter up.
The Molders' Union reported that
it had voted in favor of tho O. B. V.
and the six-hour day, as did the
The Hotel and Bestaurant Employees reported on the White
Lunch situation, stating that these
places and the Couver Lunch were
on -the unfair list. They also presonted a new wage scale, which was
endorsed by tbe council.
A communication was received
from (be seamen on the coast boats
stating that thoy were dissatisfied
with the way their organization was
being conducted, and that they had
not had an opportunity to vote on
the Onc Big Union question. The
matter was referred to the central
Del, Winch reported on tho loggers' situation, and statod that circulars were being got out in the
different languages. He referred to
the situation at Princeton and
Anyox, which is fully reported in
another column of this issue. Dealing with Anyox, he stated tbat a
request had been made for the importation of miners. Del. Wells
said tbat he could corroborate the
statements of Del. Winch as to the
importation of miners for Anyox, as
he had been informed of this by
the people in charge of   the   Gov-
Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary
with tho council, and that the orgnnization of the Janitor and Elo*
vator Workers was proceeding. He
stated that he had not thought that
it was possible that workers could
be working under the conditions
that- those people were, and asked
the support of organized labor in
organizing theso workors.
Reporting as to the Labor Temple,
fie stated that tne receiver had been
interviewed on' tho matter of tha
council leasing the Temple, but that
the solicitors would have to be consulted on the matter. Ho also stated
that he had visited the loco Oil
Workers and addressed tbe Inst
meeting of. this local,
Beporting on the Powell Biver
strike, Del. Kavanagh stated that in
company with Del. Wells, he had attended a meeting with Mr. Neill of
tne Employers' Association, at the
suggestion of Mr. Lang of tbe Powell Biver Paper Company, and that
Mr. Neill had stated that the wages
question was the only issue, but
since that time a delegate of tha
paper makers had arrived in Vancouver, and had stated that the.
union shop waa thr main issue.- He
stated that a further conferenco
was to be held, and that the B. C.'
Federation of Labor was intending
to have a representative at Powell
Biver in the next day or two. *
He also reported on the workors
of the Canadian Bag Company's,
works, who were filling orders for,
Winnipeg, and while not organised,
they were not desirous of scabbing,
and that he would investigate
further. i
Delegates for O. B. V. Conference
Tho call for the conference to
formulate plans, and tho constitution for the O. B. U. wes seceived,
and the council decided - to send
three delegates, the threo delegates
elected being Dels. Kavanagh, .
Pritchard and Midgley.
The question of the night cost of
living was raised by a delegate
from the Electrical Workers, who
stated tbat two meetings had already been held, and that he thought
thc council should be represented.
Del. Deacon asked the council not
to be sectional, and to take the matter into consideration.
Del. Kavanagh and * others took
part in the debate, and after some •
little discussion, in which it wae
pointed out that no group of individual* could control thc cost of
commodities, the motion waa defeated.
A motion that the council publish
20,000 copies of the Death Train in
Siberia, was passed, after Del. Bin'
clair had stated that this story of
atrocity was thc worst that he had
ever heard. Several locals reported
that they had donated fluids
towards the defense fund for the
purpose of defending officers or lo-
Engineers' Local Union 620
Every member of Local 020 is requested to attond the next businoss
meeting on Monday, the 26th inst.,
as matters of vital, importance to
the organization will bo discussed.
Momentous happenings nre taking
placo in the world today and un
loss the worhcrs tako more interest
in thc affairs of their organizations
than they hnve dono in the past
then thc condtions under which they
shall work and live in the future
will be pitiable, but they will only
have themselves to blame, ns by
thcir contbinrd act ion they can become the dictators as to what will
be tho conditions under which they
shall work and live, so let nil members of Local 620 got togethor next
Monday and discuss tho futuro
policy of their organization.
j eminent Employment Bureau. ipUifiu«j ui
Del.  Kavello of the   Bakers   ro- LnJs brought into tho courts owinff
A. the ■aet ,eK„.ar mee,,-* ot Ito/fi^'M*1^ JSS,, t fe*£« '"^'^ "S '° lo«" "*■
above lodge held in Labor Temple f they employed Chinese and no white
on Thursday, May 15, there was a
splendid attendance of members,
and much business was transacted.
Tke sick and benefit committee reported several members on sick list;
also that Bro. Campbell Beid was
progressing very slowly. The ladles
are taking an active interest in their
campaign for new members and
great success is anticipated. The
next regular moeting will be held on
Thursday, June 5, at 7.30 o'clock,
Contributions to the O.
Propaganda Fun*
Previously acknowledged ....
W. H. Marcon, Alberni, B.C.
Chris Kelly, Summerland...
B. V.
Finnish    Dane.,   Webster-
Milk Drivers and Dairy Employees
Tbe biggest meeting yet was held
last Friday night, when 51 new
members joined. The union decided
to meet in futuro on the second and
fourth Fridays, starting on Juno 13.
All members please note. A committeo was appointed to drow up nn
agreement covering wages, etc. ,to
be presented to tho next meoting.
If it is decided to hold any special
meetings, members will bo notified
through thc columns of the Federationist.
All local unions are requested to call special meetings to take a strike vote on the question of a general
strike in the event of military interference in the
Winnipeg situation.  By order.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council.
Auto Mechanics May Join
Vancouver Local No. 1
The regular meeting of Machinists' Union, Local No. 1, was held
on Tuosduy night last at Union
Hall, 440 Pender Street West. Items
of considerable interest wero discussed relative to the present stand
of a number of bodies of organized
labor to their former and presont
affiliations with international separate crnft organizations. Thc consequent dividing effect thereunder,
and thc effect of affiliation of various classes under the One Big
Union now iu course of formation.
Sixteen new applicants were admitted to membership. The local
voted to subscribe ss a body for thc
Federationist without increasing the
dues, a number stating it was worth
25 cents por copy. The papor will
therefore be mailed to all members
weekly free.
It was reported lhat only ono
member was out of work. Several
vacancies had been filled during tho
previous few days and the business
agent had calls for two more men.
A tentative proposition of former
Lodge 720, I, A. of M., now tho
Union of the Auto Mechanics, for
Closer co-operation, was outlined and
on recommendation of tbe executive
board unanimously endorsed by the
help.       -.*■■■■■■■■■__-____
Del. Kavanagh reported that during thc week he had   visited   the
Del. Midgloy reported that over
30,000 votes bat! been case on the
O. B. U. up to date, aud while a
large number of locals had not yet
sent in their returns, the vote was
four to onc in favor of the new
form of organisation.
The council adjourned at 10.30
p.m. -,
A. Pritchard and J.
Smith to Address
A crowded audience attended the
National Theatre on Sunday last,
ex-service men being there in numbers, to listen to Chas. Lestor and
Jack Kavanagh, on the vital importance of organisation. It was
the first of a series of meetings held
under the auspices of thc SoldierB
and Sailors' Council.
On Sunday next Comrade J. Smith
of the Blacksmiths' Union and W.
II. Phitchard will be thc principle
spcakors. The Meeting will be held
Sunday afternoon, Doors open at 2
The appeal for funds for a daily
paper has been sent out.    What is
your local doing!
Johnstown, Pa.—Thc Johnstown
Democrat has signed a union-shop
agreement with the Typographical
Union, Bates will be m a week
for'day work and ("30 for night
work until September 1, and $30
nnd $32 thereafter.
Union Hall
Machinists,   Vancouver Local No. 1
Meets first Saturday in ouch
montb,   ami   every   Tuesday.
Office liours, 0 to 5.30
Phone Seymour 3510
Electrical Workers
Local 213
Meet every Monday at 6 p.m.
Telephone Operators
Local 77A
Meet every Thursday, 8 p.m.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs '
Plans for the big picnic are progressing. All membors should attend tho next meeting on Wednesday next for further details. The
first meeting of the female workers
in tbe wholesale warehouses, etc.,
will he held on Monday next.' Be
sure and tell any of your coworkers.
Representatives of Many
Organizations Pass
Representatives of 43 labor
unions and ten other organizations,
including nil four soldier organization*, held a mass nieeting Wednesday evening in the Labor Hall, 440
Pender Street West, to discuss ways
and means of reducing thc high coBt
of living. After considerable dis-
oussion a resolution wns passed and
an organization to bc known as the
League for the Reduction of the
High Cost of Living was formed.
Another meeting will be held at tho
snme place next Wednesday evening
and a representative from every organization in the city will be made
welcome.   The resolution states:
"That wo demand tho Provincial
Government of British Columbia
take definite action to the limit of
powers to control tlie prices, pro-
tits and distribution of foodstuffs >
within thc province, both by an investigation along tho lines adopted
by the Provincial Government of
Manitoba in 11*17 and by granting
power to or securing power from thu
Dominion Government for the provincinl commissioner of public utilities to act forthwith in tho interests of the people, with particular
references to thc packing houses,
cold sttomge plants, grain elevators,
wholesale warehouses and other
food depositories.
That we go on record in favor
of public ownership and operation
of packing houses, cold storago
plants, grain elevators, municipal
markets and other food depositories
nud also thc public control of distributing agencies.
'That we proceed to organize for
thc (lefinito enforcement of those,
our demands, by every legit una tu
menus at our command and to en-
1st the cooperation of all organisations seeking to reduce the high
st of living," a auu * w\/^
n  lAM_U.Ui.lA
FBIDAT. ...May  33, 11
Twin Bute
Union Made
Q EAMS are double-stitched, but-
** tons are rivetted on, the cloth
is rip-proof and wear-proof,
plenty of pockets.
There's a Style for You
Jas. Thomson & Sons, limited
Regular Values
$32, *35, $38 ..-
Ydtir unrestricted choice aU next week of more than 300
high-grade, hand-tailored suits at this popular price-
unusual values—investigate.
Arnold & Quigley
Onttat ntlAta IlMk
tan am it a. a. ■mu, octet
sort atmaa-aa aaaa
nam air. tin
and Noe-aleoholic win* ot an
0»_.<a root Board LlonM Mo. 8-S.77.
oioozbt ntiimnt
B. - K. Wh..l FUken, pk». SSe
Flnoit Rolltd Oota, nek 41c
Pork .nd Bs.ni, 3 for  SOe
Jelly  Powdor.   „ .Mo
nn aw awim am iw
Bnnllifht Soap, 4 tor 25c
B. 0. L-aodrr Soap, 6 for ...Me
B. C. W.ihlng Powder 10c
B. 0. Wu-l-i Powdor  !Hc
Sl«tc*r'» Slictd Streaky Bacon, lb. COO
Sl.ter'1 Sliced Stroky Buon, Hi 66c
Bister's Sliced Ayihir, Boll, lb SSe
Slotu*. Slicd Ayrshire Back Bacon,
par lb. — _ SSo
Windsor Salt, a for  .....
Shsker  Salt,  8  tor .,
Fine Sardines, 8 for 	
Fineat Cora Starch, 9 for .
Tako our advice and'buy   Compound lard.    Flnesl  Csrnation
Compound Lard,   na*.  Ste lb.,
Saturdar from 8 a.m.    to    12
noon, 2 lbs. for  .SSe
Limit 4 lbs.
sold oyer alx tou
Aunt Dinah Molasses, No. 6 tlns..80e
Aunt Dlnsh  Molasses,  No.  2U   tin,
for    250
Auet Dinah  Holaaaea,  No.  lit   Hu
for    ISo
Fineat Pancake Flour,  pk|. . SSe
Finest Pest,  tin  _.....„,.. IBo
Holbrook'a Custard Powdor  ISo
Bird's Old Country Custard, 2 for SSe
Malkln'a Custard Powder, lerte tin,,
for  >8o
Finest Csnadlan Cbeeaa, por lb Sue
Finest Pure Lard, 2 lbs. for ..    760
Finest Beet Drlppinl, per lb SOe
Fineat Salt Pork, per lb _..40o
Oil final       ('-it *■_■_■
Small Bontleti Cottage RoDi,
wtighinj 4 to 5 Hm.; excellent
lor boiling or frying. Saturday
onir. par ft, 39V«c
Flnut Nabob Pure Malt Vinegar,
reg.   90t,   Saturday   oily,   large
bottl*  „ „  800
Fell Naptha Soap, 5 far. —88c
Fineat Cottage Cheese, lb .Me
Finest Cooked Tongue, per lb 60c
Finest Cooked  Meat  Loaf,  lb 36c
B. C, Fresh Eggs, doien  „ 60c
Slater'* Tm, lb.
Nabob Tea, lb	
Blue Ribbon Tea, lb, ,
Butter Ji cheaper. Finest No. 1
Alberta Butter. Reg. 70c lb.,
Saturday, lb 65c
118 Bastion St. E. Phoie Ser. SIS*    830 Oranrille St.  Phono Say. 810
8280 Mam St Phono rair. 1883
We delitar out seeds te all porta ef city ud aaburbs free.
Men's Shoes
At thie time, moro than others, whon men
are apt to be attracted by the glamor of
sales, a BABOAIN ia SHOES, liko
anything else, is only a bargain
whon tho purchase proves A OOOD
| shoe sometimes looks as good as a
OOOD SHOE—in tho' storo. Only
time will tell whether your purchase
vis a good investment.
The shoos we offer men today are shoes of the highost type of
workmanship—shoes built in the most roliablo fnctorios of tho
country, by men who know every detail of skilled shoe-making.
Come to GOODWIN'S for your Summer Footwear. You'll Hnd
our prices always ln accordance with your own Ideas of honest
Goodwin Shoe Co.
Capitalism Has Reached
the Far Corners of
the World
Dealing with the industrial development in India, the Christian Science Monitor has the following to
aay. Not nil the views expressed avo
sound, but ther(C is much thnt will
indicate to the thoughtful student
of the working olass position that
the capitalistic method of industrialism has very nearly reached every
corner of the globe, and that this
means tho end of that whieh
dear to the heart of the ruling class,
"new markets."
Those who aro in any way acquainted with labor conditions in
India will fully indorso tho statement recently made to a representative of this paper by Mr. Joshi, a
woll known authority on the subject, that industrialism has "como
to stay in India," nnd that thero
is no use to try to check its de
velopment by any cry of "back to
tho land." Mr. Joshi insists that,
instead of indulging in any vain regrets over the loss of homo industries, all parties concerned in the
great problem, the state, the factory
owners, and the educated Indian
public, should devote thomsolves to
the prevention of tho evils which,
quite mistakenly, are supposed to
be the inevitable accompaniment of
the growth of industrialism. It is
true that even in India such an effort would already be lato in the
day. The slum and the sweating
system are. already well established
in certain centres, and have already
brought forth, to a large extent,
thoir inevitable results.
This is notably the case in Bom*
bay, whore the recent strike- has
drawn attention to conditions as serious as they are deplorable. Bombay has developed enormously as an
industrial city, in recent times. At
least 100 factorios, a large number
of them cotton factories, now exist
on the little island upon whieh Bom*
bay is built; the population has increased to more than 1,000,000, and
the overcrowding of the working
class quarters has reached proportions hitherto unknown in India.
Conditions are as bad as they well
can be. Not more than 2 per cent
of the workmen are able to read and
write. They work twelve hours a
day, are protected by no social legislation, are afforded no opportunities for wholesome recreation, whilst
they have apparently unlimited opportunities for obtaining liquor.
Now India is, of courso, feeling
the general wave of reform in regard to labor, which is sweeping all
over the world, demanding for labor, in the broadest sense of that
term, better conditions, and basing
these demands on an appeal to the
advancing education of the age, The
effect of such an appeal on a comparatively highly educated working
class such as exists in Canada, for
instance, is one thing, and the effect upon an entirely illeterate class
such bb exists in India is quite an*
other.  One of the groat lessons to
be learned from the recent Bombay
strike is surely the danger of leaving a great mass  of peoplo in a
state of Almost oomplete illiterate*
ness, whilst  surrounding  them,  at
■any rate as far as their work is concerned, with conditions   which   aro
presumably the outcome of the most
modern education and research. But,
however produced, such deplorable
conditions as now obtain in Bombay
should be dealt with at once and
gorously.   Hours should be reduced; the questions of housing and education should be at once taken in
hand, and, above all, the liquor ques-.
tion should be dealt with firmly and
drastically.  Side by side with this
should g othe steady evolution of
carcfullly-thought-out  policy for
preventing these evils in the future.
Amongst other things, aB Mr. Joshi
well insists, facilities must bo offered for the spread of factories over
a wider area; whilst town planning
should be enforced in all those areas
where the building of factories is
The Passing of the Gala
U. B. Finds Living Cost 12,500
According to a statement issued
in Washington by tne U. S. department of labor on ay lith, it requires
$2,500 a year to keep the average
Amorican family. This fact government investigators have found. Furthermore, the cost of living throughout the United Statea still ia soaring.
Of those who depend upon a $2,*
500 yearly income few families are
able to show a surplus of $100 at
the year's end; some can save as
much as $50, while a large number
have nothing but a deficit.
Forty per cent of the income of
tho average family goes for food—
the largest single item on thc list.
Clothing calls for 15 per cent, rent
about 11 per cent, and light live
per cent, with expenditures for furnishings about the same.
These figures wore just announced
by tho -department of labor, which
has mnde a year's survey of living
How a family budget in most
large cities work out for tho year
is indicated by the income and' expense accounts of 53JT families in
New York City.
With an average of 4.9 persons
per family the expenses were recorded as follows:
Food  $640.00
Clothing  253.68
Bent   214.62
Fuel and light    64.30
Furniture    51.05
Miscellaneous expenses  284.35
Total , $1,508.92
This table shows the amounts
needed for actual family necessities.
To provide tho simplest comfdrts
and extras it is estimated that at
least $1,000.00 more will be needed,
so that the family average, that is,
the sum which each family should
have as a minimum is $2,500.
Chicugo,—The whole cigar makors' picket line at the factory where
tho. La Preferenciu cigar is made
was arrested Thursduy, May 8. The
.following morning the police of the
Sast Chicugo avenuo station ran the
whole picket line in again nnd when
some of the pickets asked thc reason for their arrest they were beaten up us an answer.
Patronise Fed, advertisers.
The disappearance of c6Urtr in
Central and Eastern Europp.is a
minor incident in the vast upheaval
compared with the power qqd|activity of the new authorities which
have takon their places. Nevertheless, for those who were aeculjtomc-il
to thc court atmosphere, thelcourt
traditions, and tho peculiar feeling
of permanence which court officials
tho court functions lend to monarchal - institutions, the sudden
change is not only .regrettable, but
well nigh incredible. Is it possible
thot not gradually, in tho fulness of
timo, one by one, but suddenly in
one fell swoop, thero are no courts
in Petrograd, in Berlin, in Vienna,
in Sofia, nor, too, in Saxony, Bava-
ria, Wurtemberg, Baden, Oldenbuvg,
Hesse, Snxe-Meningen, Snxe-Gothu,
and many other little states whoro
court life was as imposing and as
pompous us in the great capitalst
Is it creditable that there are actually no emperors, kings, arch-dukes,
royal highnesses and serene highnesses in these parts! Can it bo
conceived that there are no longer
any hof-marshals, chamberlains, hof-
fouriers, pages, masters of the ceremonies, masters of the household,
cup boarers, ushers, controllers,
equerries and ladies-in-waiting! Are
the palaces really empty! Are there
to be no more banquets, receptions,
court balls and galas! No moro
galasf   Impossible!
Our ambassadress formerly in Petrograd gave recently a press interview of her recollections. She spoke
in a tone of longingvand regret:
"Thero was a gala performance
at tho opera, and the royal box faced
the stage. When the Emperor and
Empress arrived, the whole .house,
the ladies in wonderful gowns and
the men in gorgeous uniforms, all
turned and faced them in one swift
movement." .
Is that swift movemont, never to
be repeated! Do common people
now sit in royal boxes! In Budn
Posth recently the royal box at the
opera: was occupied by a. factory official and his wife. On the anniversary of the revolution, Lenine and
Trotsky gave a dinner in the ball*
room of the Kremlin, and there were
songs and dancing afterwards. Desecration!    ,
It is all vory well laughing. To
those who have only read of courts
and their functions it may seem a
good riddance of bad rubbish. But
for those who have participated in
them, held court offices, or shared in
the complicated ritual of court ceremonial—by no means a amall crowd
—the idea of the complete obliteration of the whole system of royal
authority is far more staggering
than any other consequences of fhe
war. '.3) " .
Those courts served to guaitt'fhe
potentates, great and small,' ffont
tho contamination of the Outside
world. The effect waa twofold!:vThe
people could look up to the .rOval
personages on their inaccessible'pin-
nacles through the glitter and'pa'no-
ply and gorgeous trappings of liveries and uniforms, and regard! them
ns beings of a higher order; 'the potentates themselves lived in an atmosphere of isolation, continually
impressed by their own important e,
and by <the reverence they inspired.
Men will always want to bestow
Iheir reverence on somothing, "but
the difficulty is to convince them of
what ii worth revering. Be it said
monarchs themselves become slaves
in their own courts. To them the
ceremonies are boring beyond words.
But it is their duty, their metier,
and they go through with it in the
same way as other mon perform
their professional duties. The support and encouragement come from
outside, and it is in the entourage
and the outskirts, in the throng who
nre hankering to gain admittance
into the sacred preserve that all the
snobbishness, vulgarity, ostentation,
flattery, vanity, subservience and
corruption abound.
Beyond them, again, the mob, as
distinct from the people, love It.
Thoy wait for hours to watch tho
processions, they feast their eyes on
the gold coaches and the brilliant
bejewelled and gold-laoed grandees
they contain; they gloat over the
paragraphs recording the doings of
royal personages, and they like to
know that a romantic world of
splendor exists ub beyond their
reach as the fairy kings and princes
they read of in their childhood. So
the mob's approval ia accepted as
an endorsement of the system, aud
the patient crowd at a palaee gate
gives a sense of security and endurance to those within. But the mob
is fickle. It always has been. Its
emotions can easily be swayed In another direction. Its cheer today may
become a jeer tomorrow.
In Bussia the court, more picturesque and moro dasalingly brilliant
than anywhere else, was also more
isolated, more removed from the
people, and more surrounded by an
almost religious atmosphere of mystery, so that tho Csar became a
symbol of exalted authority, a fabulous figure, awe-inspiring, semi-divine. For nn illiterate and superstitious people this sufficed for centuries. But the sapping and mining of
thought and knowledge was at
work, and lo! the greats glittering
edifice which seemed so solid fell
like a pack of cards. The lavish
Bplendor, with an Oriental touch \
it which gave it peculiar slgnff-
cance, has vanishod.    No court hi
'ever oxisted with such a sublime if--
noranco of the quicksand on which
it was founded. Incessant intrigue
and incredible corruption. had
grown an rouud, the central figure
of tho weak autocrat, which mnde
the Bussian court a festering tumor
on the national life. It was cut off
with a single stroke.
The court of Denmark forms the
most striking contrast to the court
of Russia. The king is an ordinary
mortal, walking into streets riding
in trams, travelling in railway carriages with other people; the functions ure modest, tho whole atmosphere homely. There is no fiction of
divine right; on the contrary, the
fiction is that the king is appointed.
He gathers his family party round
lilxia without ostentation. A simple
domestic life is carried- on which
harmonizes with the life of the Danish people. It is true that there was
a time, not so long ago, when thiB
family party comprised British, German, Bussian, French and Greek representatives, and intrigue was by
no means absent from the palaces of
Bernstorff and Ainalicnborg. But
that is past, and the kingdoms of
Scandinavia contain peoples of progressive enlightenment, peaceful dispositions and common sense, to a degree which may well make other nations envious,
Tho court of Vienna, brilliant in
its wny, was the centre of a vory
smart society. There was a special
cachet of distinction about Viennese
society which only Paris in its palmiest days could rival. Tet the court
was absolutely dependent on one individual ,a man of a simple Spartan
habit of life, whose unrivalled experience as a sovereign, and whose
curiously large share of tragedy and
trouble made him an outstanding
European figure. Many there were
in old days who said: "Francis Joseph is the Austro-Hungarian Empire; without Francis Joseph the
Austro-Hungarian Empire will cease
to exist.'1   They were right.
The court of Bulgaria, more modest in its pretensions, was also a
one-man show. But the man had not
grown up in the life of Bulgaria.
He was imposed on the people. The
habit the great Powers have of lending alien monarchs to small principalities is seldom successful. It was
very unfortunate for the Bulgarian
people to be saddled with an astute,
scheming, unscrupulous princeling,
whose personal ambitions and petty
intrigues were a continual menace
to the country of his adoption, .The
disappearance of the court in Bulgaria leaves no blank. She never
ought to have had one.
In Germany court life was a very
serious affair. The etiquette and
punctilio, the regulations and customs, were stricter and more intricate than anywhere else in Europo.
Not only in Berlin, but in the smallest court at Saze, whatever it might
be, it was as much as a man's life
was worth to infringe the rigid laws
of court ceremonial, to make a mistake in a title, to forget a relationship, to put on the wrong uniform,
to omit tho right decoration, to
stand out of place nt a reception, to
go out of propor order into dinner,
or to speak before he was spoken to.
The court traditions were so strong
that the occupants of the thrones
seemed mere accessories. Even the
Kaiser, who, whatver it may be
fashionable to say about him was,
anyhow, not a negligible-quantity,
was revered as Kaiser while he was
criticized as a man. It was the institution of monarchy, repeated in
many degrees all the way down the
scale, that was the important thing,
and around it on incredible thick
crust of flunkeyism had accumulated as time passed. And yot this in
stitution, with its ramifications, stored up conventions, and apparent permanence, haB vanished in tho twinkling of an eye. Like the towering
elm with spreading branches, when
it falls, its roots were found to have
gone neither deep nor far.
When courts, like thc multitude of
minor German courts, represent nothing but the animalous preservation of a stale tradition; when
courts, like the Bussian court, seek
to envelop a very ordinary and inferior reverence while various factions usurp his autocratic powers;
when courts like thoso of Berlin,
Vionna, or Sofia serve to shield and
screen monarchs who exercise great
er prerogative than is consistent
with modern ideas of good government,* suoh courts are merely pernicious survivals which are quickly
scattered in such a storm as has recently swept over the world, Thoy
are often groater evils, than the
monarchs themselves, not only be
cause of their innate corruption and
thc false allurements they hold out
to the vulgar and the shallow-minded, but because they prevent men,
who through no fault of their own,
are enthroned, from keeping in natural contact not with a select few,
but with the mass of the people who
have long ceased to ontertain the old
superstitions and have no regard for
the sanctity of monarchy.
We have seen changes here at
home. Could the Victorian drawing
room with its lines of carriages
wniting in the Mall in broad daylight, containing ladies resplendent
in satin and lace, with tiaras and
ropes of pearls, while tho crowd
gazed through the windows, could
this be repeated now! We should
sny not.   Galas nre rnro.   Will they
It Is the Greatest of All
Evils and Worst of
Crimes, Says Shaw
London.—George Bernard Shaw
mndo the following comment to a
London reporter who questioned him
about his -declaration that poverty
must be abolished, regardless of well
known churchly dicta about "the
poor we have always with w," etc.:
"I dislike poverty, a/id ..mice that
my feeling about it is shared to tho
extent that everybody who can
avoid it does so, even nt the cost
of committing any atrocity that iB
not technically criminal,
"The church, giving tho opostolic
succession und very little olse to Its
unfortunates (not to mention many
.of its beneficed clergymen), naturally proclaims them blessed.
"The aphorism that God niade
both rich and poor is a. lie. Nuked
we came into the world and naked
we go out of it. If we choose to
rob ono another in tho interval, that
is not God's fault. It might as well
be aaid that God made archbishops
and burglars as a justification of
Coeil Chapman, a well known magistrate recently declared that high
wages are one of the contributory
causes of the alleged increase in juvenile crime,
"Do you think there is a justification for this theory!" Mr. Shaw
was asked.
"I don't know," said Mr, Shaw,
"but if Mr. Chapman is right, he
reconciles me to a great spread of
juvenile crime, I infer that his
dock is crowded dally with the sons
of millionaires. How curious!"
"Suppose we were to abolish all
penalties for burglary, incendiarism,
etc., and decide thnt poverty is the
one thing we will not tolerate—that
every adult with less than say $1,825
a year, shall be painlessly, but inexorably killed, and every hungry,
half-naked child be forcibly fattened and clothed, would not that be
an enormous improvement on 'our
existing, system, which has already
destroyed so many civilizations and
is visibly destroying ours in the
same way!"
"Why do you come to me with
such an absurd question ns why poverty must be abolished! You might
as well ask me why influenza shall
be avoided of why hell Bhould be
considered an undesirable residence.
"Poverty is the greatest of evilB
and the worst of crimes. Our first
duty—a duty to which every other
consideration should be sacrificed—
is not to be poor. 'Poor but honest,'
'the respectable poor,' and suoh
phrases are as intolerable and as
immoral as ' drunken but amiable,
'fraudulent but a good after-dinner
speaker,' 'splendid criminal/ or the
like."—New York American,
Wash garments
for summer wear
—something you need for the summer—for outings—for
the camp—around the house,
We are showing i (ull line—Suits—Drams—Skirts—line material—will
stand the.tub—made up in attractive styles—a wide range of patterns.
Wash Skirts from $1.35 up—Suits and Dresses st very tow prloea,
Valour Coats at $25
ThU is a bargain—rich material—stylish design—well finished—ia Tan,
Reindeer, Peacock Blue and Purple.
Don't forget our |85 Una of Salts—a wonder for value—in fin* Sergt
buck, blue and all the nooular colors—Donegal Ximl -ud a Black sal
White Check.
Sea Granville
If You Are in favor of the O.B.U.
and you wish to renden financial support to the committee in charge of the|ki1opaganda, and the taking of
the referendum vote, cttt out this coupon and mail it
with your donation to^the Secretary of the Central
Committee, V. R. Midgfe. Labor Temple, Vancouver,
B. C. ■""<
To the Seoretary of the Central Committee of the O. B. U.
Enclosed please find tlie gum of $ as my
contribution towards the propaganda and expense in talcing the referendum vote 'for thc O. B. U. You need not
send a receipt, and acknowledgment through The Federationist will be sufficient.
[By Gerald Massey, 1828-1907]
High hopes that burned like start
Oo down i' the heaven of freedom
And true hearta perish in the time
We hitterllest need 'em;
But never sit we down and say
Thero's nothing left but sorrow;
We -raik thn wilderness today,
The Promised Laud Tomorrow*
Our birds of song are silent now;
Few are the flowers blooming;
Yet lifo is in -the frozen bough,
And Freedom's Spring is coming;
And Freedom's tide creeps up al*
Though we may strand in sorrow;
And our good bark, a-ground Today,
Shall float again Tomorrow.
'Tis weary watching wave by wave,
And yet the tide heaves onward;
We   climb,  like corals,  grave by
That pave a pathway sunward;
Wo are driven back, for our next
A newer strength to borrow,
And whero the vanguard carnps Today,
The rear shall rest Tomorrow.
Through all the long, dark night of
The people's cry ascendeth ,
And earth is wet with blood and
But our meek sufferance endeth.
The few shall not for ever sway,
The mnny toil in sorrow;
The powers of hell are strong To
Our Kingdom comes Tomorrow.
Though hearts brood o'er the paat,
our eyes
With smiling futures glisten;
For, lo our day bursts up the skies*
Lean out your souls and listen.
The world is rolling Freedom's way,
And ripening with her sorrow; *;
Take heart; who bear the cross To
Shall wear tho crown Tomorrow.
Oh, Youth! flame-earnest .still aspire
With energies immortal;
To many a heaven of desire
Our yearning opes a portal.
And though age wearies by the way,
And hearts break in tho furrow,
Youth sows thc golden grain Today,
The harvest comes Tomorrow.
Build up heroic lives, and all
Be like a sheathen sabre,
Beady to flash out at Ood'a call,
0 chivalry of labor!
Triumph and Toil aro twins, though
Bs singly born in sorrow;
And 'tis tho martyrdom Today
Brine victory Tomorrow.
—Young Socialists' Magazine
be rovivedt There may be more
changes yet, because simplicity ia
appreciated in high quarters, and' a
distinguished example which abandons unnecessary and extravagant
•display is bound to have a considerable influence. But we, too, have
our crust. It thickens rather outside the court itsolf. It is composed
of the people known as "society."
Having contributed their full share
of heroic sacrifice in wartime, thoy
are as convinced as ever that their
function in peace-time is not to
sorvo, but to exist ns a parasitic excrescence on our national life. They
are preparing to outstrip the limits
of their prewar luxury and parade.
Tbey refuse to read the signs of the
times. Warnings from Europo, loud
onough they may be, fall on deaf
oars. Thoy are convinced they are
aro indispensable, and that they aro
permanent. That is what tljoy
thought, too, in Petrograd, in Vienna
and in Berlin.
Mr. Union Man, do you buy at a
union itorel
1047 Granville Street
Phone Sey. Hit
Operator! of the largest Goodyear SHOB BBPAIR plant la
the Olty.
Union Shoe repairing. Remember our guarantee, men'a
and womon 'a soles we guarantee for three months,
We don't cobble yonr shoee,
we repair them.
We know how; we are shoemakers.
Let ua have your next repair!.
Nodelay Shoe Co.
Union Shop, No. 281
nanus,   ptolisbbbs,   stb-
biottpbbs and bookbdtdmb
Union. Official!, -write for pricei.   We
Pho_o Sc-raour 718»
Third Fleer, World Buu<u__, vaneoaver. B. 0.
Th. •*.!*■■  Pu.hm  «--**p -Iw Vm-mm-m*
advice and etock yonr OOAL
Till June 1st
Lump (sacked) $10.15
Nut Coal $9.65
KIRK'S   Celebrated   Double
I! Alwayi Dependable
Ask the woman who .burns it.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymonr 1M1 and 480
Ton ean depend on tho
A. FISH, Prop,
to furniih you Pure Milk,
Housewives should insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
FiMO!:. Ssy. 778B0-O, Itf. SHU
o. b. un, rnpdsMc
lAbob r—
oioAtggs anson
Greatest Stock ol
in Greater Vaneoaver
Replete in every detail
I Wast
Refined Service
Ono Block Wost of Courthouse
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors froo to all
' Patrons
Telephone Seymour 84B5
Matinee ....._. 3.30
■ventogi,  1.30
For Union Mea
Phene Seymonr 981
3. Parliament
O. TaraM
Pocket Billiard
(Brumwltk-lUk. ColKidir Oa.)
—HeeAouartars for Union Mea—
Ualon nud.   Tobaccos,   Oiftri   aaa
Oalf White Holp  Buple-nl
42 Hastingi Street East
Our advertisers support the Fedorationist. It is up to you to sup-
port them.
Bicycles of Real Value-TisdalTs STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING this Bioyele, quality haa been our
first consideration. We therefore offer you an excep.
tionally strong wheel at a very moderate price.
tj I
oiraut PAPBB
Registered in accordance wltb tbe Copyright Acts
fl Que of thc most eloquent words in the language
of'nations as well as of substantial business institutions is "solid." It means more than
merely reliable. It stands for a reliability which
is unshakeable. It is a super-compliment to an
individual to say that he is solid. A "solid",
man—even in humblo circumstances—is one of
unlimited potentialities today. His future awaits
him. But involved in the matter of "solidity"
is thoroughness. Your solid man is efficient and'
thoroughly healthy. You will find him with
perfect teeth—for good teeth speak of more
than cleanliness and health. They tell of a mental characteristic which is an eloquent but unspoken compliment of * character. Successful
men know this.
Keep the teeth solid by regular
■ visits to. jno. They will save you
time and- money. They will keep
you healthy aud make you successful.
Phone Sey. 644.
Fins Dentistry
—just aa low aa they can be made for expert work
and the un of proper materials.
With our thorough traiuing, long experience, complote equipment, we offer you a dental service that means satisfactory work
Peel Ire* to consult ub ahout your tooth
troubles--we're at your nrvlce.
Drs. Brett Anderson & Douglas
Pbflnt Samwr S8I1
Offlca Optn
Tutiday and
Friday Eranlnia
608 HASTINGS ST. W., Oor. Seymour
Quality Footwear
Shoe quality has won for us the reptuation of
Don't be attracted by advertised SHOE PRICES alone, for it's
Our Shoos are "UNION-MADE"—and  wc   havo  an  EXPEBT
FITTING SERVICE to see that you aro correctly fitted.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
aee oeanville street
ItvSttr Auwffi/oi ll*%'tet mX<*. tM.>r.sutmn^eTlj*.M.
wii-'onjt.XlofMiK.'s* Internati
Union-made Cigars. ,
\  imukroi^Kfj-jijur*'—-'—■—-—-■ ■-—- •■- -.----.-
I .JMttClNtt* til M-*MtV-MhM 1M;	
* CMtVtfA
_m ****** •*At*t**^A-****_n*moi_m
Fresh Out Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
.    2—STORES*-,
48 Hastings Street East 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymour 888-672 Seymour 9513
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W. .   ::      Vancouver, B. C.
Only Once Does the Human Hand Fiver
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
AND that hand is the hand that lifts the shaped dough
from tho moulding machine to the pan in which it is
baked.  From the time the flour is placed in the dough-
miner mnchinery doos all the work, producing thousands of
loaves in the same timo it takes the housewife to boko four.
Food  Ueetao
No. B-lOtt
.Fairmont U
Red Flags in Paris
home in peace. At Breat, Nantes,
Lyons, Marseilles, Nancy and doaen. of lesser towns the rod tag was
unfurled and paraded through the
city streeta. There wer nd button-
hblo bouquets in the Sunday crowds
aU over France that night.
What did it meant Was it a foretoken of revolution rising in France
as . in the countries east of the
Rhine? A family procession on a
warm spring Sunday afternoon,
lacking the bitterness of revolution,
it yet was one of the four great red-
flag parades of Paris sinco tho Commune llfty years ago. But revolution will not stir in France until in
disillusionment and disintegration
sho faces the bankruptcy that is
still staved off by American loans.
Then thc crowds beneath tho red
flags may swoll and Paris papers
may roport more of what they aro
pleased to call "incidents."—Lewis
S. Gannett, in Tho Nation.
Distribution (or Use
Bed flags as far as the eye could'
see, hung with crepe; tens of thousands of men and women and children, scarlet badges In their buttonholes, marching in a cloud of dust,
sometimes silent, sometimes choral-
ling the Internationale or chanting
"Vive Jaures I" or, in an uglier
tone, barking "Houl Hou! Clemen-
ceaul"—these are tho people of
Paris paying tribute to the memory
and ideals of Jaures.
Three hundred thousand of them
by the reckoning of 'the Socialist
daily L'Humanite; one hundred and
twenty thousand by the count of its
bitterest journalistic opponent;
thirty thousand according to the police. The confessed assassin of
Jaures had been acquitted—Jaures,
tho greatest orator of modern
France, the bolovcd leader of the
French working class, the man to
whom half of Europe looked in
thoso last desperate hours when war
still hung in the balance—shot
down by a young royalist, July 31,
1914. A jury—three gentlemen of
private incomo, one veterinary surgeon, one merchant, two factory-
owners, a proprietor of a printing
shop, a proprietor of a marble
works, two commercial travellers
and one clerk—without a single man
who worked with his hands, acquitted the murderer on March 29, three
weeks after Cottin, the young anarchist who shot at Clomanccau, had
been sentenced to death.
It was a wistful Sunday after-
noon of early spring, and whole families camo out to march. There were
fathers who had "toted" their children for many a weary mile; there
were six-ycar-oldH sturdily stretching their legs to keep up with thcir
elders! women in fur coats and women with shawls over their heads-
nil marching through the broad Avenue Henri Martin to honor thc leader killed years beforc and to protest
against what they called tho "class
verdict" acquitting his murderer.
The parade was more a peaceful
family promenade in honor of a
friend than thc menacing demonstration that had been feared. There
were no bunds, none of thc holiday
aspects of au American parole.
Fronch people do not easily regiment
themselves in demonstrations. On
the rare occasions when they are
fused into the mood for massed processions they do not care for bands
and marchiug music. 'Only twice in
my life have I seen so many people
marching through the streets," a
gray-haired Frenchwoman told me.
The hundred Socialist Deputies led
the uneven ranks. Half way up the
avenue they turned down a narrow
side-street and off that into a still
narrower alley, to thc tiny house
where Jaures lived, to pay homage
to hia wifo and daughter. With the
deputies walked General Vercin and
Anatole France, who got up from a
sick bed to march; and behind them
a trail of simple workingmen
streamed through tho house. The
alley was too narrow for the thousands and' the procession went on
down the Avenue Henri Martin, a
rich man's avenue, miles from the
bIulus of northeastern Paris* Tou
could sec faces, half frightened, half
curious, peering down upon the endless mass with the red flags, nt finding up like masts in a harbor packed with ships, '
Half way up the avenue n bust of
Jaures had been set up and draped
in crimson bunting. Mothers lifted
their children high to soo It as they
passed by. Men tossed their hats
skyward. Blue-clad poilus ran out
and pinned thcir procious croix de
guerre and mcdnilles militariros
upon the decorated bust of thc men
who, thoy believed, had he lived,
might have prevented the war. Before thoy day was done, Jaures wore
fifty war crosses and military medals, the badge of thc Legion of Honor, and half a dozen fourragcrcs.
Painfully hobbling enmc the Federation of War Cripples. A dozen
limping men bore on thcir left arms
the V. which indicated that they
still wore hospital patients. A few
had ghastly made over faces that
were probably the pride of some famous surgeon, but each wore a scarlet poppy in his buttonhole. Then
came a group of shabby collarlcss
workingmen, some of them in baggy
corduroys, followed by boys of the
class of '20, saved from carnago by
the armistice.
Tho printers, thc paper-box makers, the hat makers; tho barbers, the
dockers, the carpenters, masons, jewelers, electricians, metal workers,
leather workers, glass workers—the
trade unions of Paris passed, each
with its own red flag, sometimes in
solemn silence, sometimes crying all
the cries of revolution:
Vive Lenine! Viva Trotz-
A bas la guerre!"
Revolution!     Revolution!" in
metronomic repetition.  And the sinister bark of thnt "Hou! Houl  Clcmcnccau!" or the sudden surgo of
Vivo Jau-rcs!"
The railwaymen were led by the
men of the P-L-M who made the famous one-minute striko in January
when every train on thc line stopped
at noon. A little black-eyod girl in
flaming liberty-cap, mounted on
her father's shoulder, held the ban*
ner of the section of Surenues.
An uproarious little group of Anarchists howled "Vive Cot-tin"
(Clemenceau's would-be assassin) to
the full strength of their libcrtain
lungs. They and the police were responsible for the only riots of the
day—flrst, when the police suppressed their great black flag; later, at
the end of the lino of march, when
thc police tried to seize their transparencies ornamented with phrases
from Clemenceau's youth, when the
premier was half an Anarchist himself. It was a tribute to tho free
spirit of liberty in France that thoy
were allowed to march and ory
Vivo Cottin"—or elso a tribute of
respect to the masses.
The theatres had gono dark for
fifteen minutes as tho parado started, when the stage electricians
struck in tribute to Jaures; the audiences knew why, for tho directors
had been forewarned that tho darkness wouM continue until its significance was explained from the
stage. Except for tho Anarchists,
and a bit of stone throwing when
some one hung out tho tri-colorod
flag of Clemenceau's France for a ,.-.*__
few minutes, there was no t-l-MW in)    Put a wrapper round  this  copy
the eity, and the thousands streamed and send it to a friend*
(lBa5"iT«ow) $1.50 PER YEAR
[By J. 8. Woodsworth]
Distribution may or many not be
part of production, that depends
on the economic theory we are attempting to uphold. But as a matter
of convenience in ordinary discussion most of us distinguished between production and distribution.
Now much iB said about production
for use and not for. profit. One
wnoso work is other than that of
primary production cannot over be
impressed with the need of distribution for use and not for profit.
A. recent conservation map published in thc United'States shows
scores of trains bringing into a particular state products from other
states of tho same kind that are
nativo to the state. At tho same
time scores of other trains arc carrying outgoing cargoes of native
products. Carrying coals to Newcastle seems to be the favorite occupation of our transportation system.
Of courso that is good for trade-
that is good for the trade of thc
carrying companies, but it is decidedly hard on the consumer.
Think of the unnecessary handling. A cargo of peas comes from
Japan to Vancouver en routo for
Great Britain—how many times it
is handled in Japan we can only
guess. Here it ia unloaded from the
ship to the dock, then it is weighed
and shifted, then placed in transfer
vans and taken to another dock;
unloaded and perhaps weighed
again. Thon loaded into cars—The
process will have to bo repeated on
tho Atlantic seaboard — repeated
again at Liverpool—then again
wholesale to retail and retail to consumer. At each handling, at each
new shipment there is added expense and at each transfer of ownership a percentage deducted for
"profits." No wonder thc consumer
pays a high price. He may be '' robbed at the point of production" but
tho point of production must bc extended to a long line of distribution!
Think of the multiplied agencies
through which distribution is carried on—commission men, workers,
jobbers, contractors, sub-contractors,
wholesalers, commercial men, advertising mediums, rival retailors, rival delivery companies, rival transportation systems, rival insurance
companies—on all sides enterprising
business men trying to introduce n
new cog that may perhaps grind
grist for him but whiich adds tb
the expense and thus in reality re- i
duces the product available to the
Fancy our mail scevies at- the
mercy of industrial firms of messenger boys, express companies! Our
ponny postage would probably stand
at half-dollar rate and we might be
compelled to wait.for weeks till sufficient letters were collected to maty.
it worth while to deliver to distant
Why not extend the distribution
service. Eliminate waste, increase
efficiency and replace profit by'
cheapened service!
Cannot Import Seed from
Sweden  Which  Has
Been Paid for
Down tho street, with slow, uncertain tread,
Comes a forlorn figure, who turncth
not his head.
To left nor right, but with dull,
heedless stare
Continues on his way unnoticed,
clothes threadbare.
Clasping firmly in his hand a stick
with which ,alone,
He feels his way along the crowded
streets to his humble homo,
God!  to think that human beings
who prate of being kind,
Dure countenance tho like of this,
for ho is—blind.
Does not a sense of guilt nor shame
enter into your heart)
To even imagine a blind man having
Buch resort.
As to eke out^a fruitless existence f^eion "is" through theT communal"foVd
Attempt to Strangle Russian Democracy by
The war, so we are told, was
fought for democracy and the self
determination of small nations, and
yet today we, flnd that while tho
protests against military interference in Russia, voiced by labor in
all countries, has had a retarding
effect on intervention and -destruction of tho soviet government by
the Allies by thot method, the blockade haB boon used with considerable
effect. The following from "Co-operation," a paper issued by the cooperative element in New York is
extremely interesting, and proves
thnt self determination is to ' be
strictly confined to capitalistic methods of "government" and "self
determination" of not small, but all
: Go-Operation in Soviet Russia
Some weeks ago representatives
of various branches of Russian Cooperation established an office in the
down-town section of New York
City, taking up the whole floor of
modern office building. Most of
these agents, sent here to purchase,
came here from Siberia or Northern
Russia, or had already been here for
a number of years, therefore could
throw very little light on conditions
in thc heart of Russia, over which
the Allied powers have hund thoir
embargo and their censorship.
During the past month, however,
the staff of the Russian Co-operative purchasing bureau in New York
City Juts been considerably increased
by new arrivals from Russia, some
.$. whom havo come directly from
Uie heart of Soviet Russia, Moscow.
It is with much reluctance that these
[.[cpiftsentntivcs of Russian Co-operation discuss the political situation in
~ viet territory, for their organizo-
it-toil -covers all of Russia and ia un-
der (he political jurisdiction of five
fjifffrent governments, but tho fol-
■towtyg interview has boon, granted
jjty; Co-Operation on condition that
4* names aro quoted :
n 'ftThere is a famine in Russian
,-ccB-terB of population," said thc
(Buftsinn Co-operator, during a visit
.fee -the leaguo offico, "but it is not
* famine due to scarcity of prod-
iiicts. Tho peasants have large stores
of foodstuffs, wliich they will not
sell for monoy. They want manufactured goods, such as hnrdwaro,
agricultural machinery, shoes, cloth
ing. Russia has never heen n manufacturing country, aud tho situation
has becomo extremely acute for the
city populations, especially tho poorer peoplo. Once wc nro open lo
world trade, we shall quickly regain
our feet, economically speaking. We
ask no charity, not even credit. As
au instance, our organization has at
its disposal sixty million pounds of
flax, ready for export."
"Whafis the relation of the Cooperative organization to tho Soviet
"In spirit wc work together. We*
both seek thc economic emancipation of. the workers. But in method
wc—well, thoro is friction. Or,
rather, let mc call it difficulty in
mutual adjustment, for there is no
ill feeling between ub. As a government the Bolsheviki have organized well. Outsido thc zone of act-
ua! fighting there is order aud a fair
administration of justice, the times
considered. It is in its attempts at
economic organization that the Soviet government hus failed."
Is it true that Bolshevism has
completely expelled capitalism from
Russia f"
Officially, yes. There are no
more private storekeepers, or .merchants, or manufacturers. Political
mottoes have taken the place of advertisements and trade signs. Three
methods of food distribution have
taken thc place of capitalist trade
and merchandising. First, and chief,
ie the Co-operative method. I am
only stating a fact when I Bay that
we more than pormeato half the economic life of Soviet Russia. Our
Consumers' Co-operative Organization now includes 15,000,000 heads
of families, though that, of course,
is for all Russia. During- tho past
year our Moscow wholesale socioty
did a trade of two billion roubles,
while tho trado of our local societies was fully six billion. Had it
not been for thc scarcity of goodB
our volume" of trado would have been
at least double.
The second method of distribu-
by any manner of toil
Why! from the very thought of such
a real man would recoil.
Ohl ye mortals that have eyes, yet
will not see,
If sincere thou art ,thon why this
'Tis one of a million Issues of such-f
like hypocricies,
The causo of which iB our so-called
free Democracies.     .    .
What! society sanctions iuch brutal
issues as this!
Why, then to eradicate the cause
would not bo. amiss,
So now ye Blaves, arise, shake off
thy chains, eliminate
Tho present system, for 'tis morally
-T. F. M.
An Adjustment Reached
Clinton, Iowa. — One hundrod
striking employoes of the American
Fabrics company have agreed to the
settlement secured through a representative of tho Unitod States Labor Department in regnrd to wages
and overtime and havo returned to
the manufacturing and is controlled
by the working class as an entire
body, but it is based on voluntary
co-operation. It works. It worki in
all countries, in Bussia aa well ae
in England. The soviet officials admit our success. Nothing proves
this better than the faet that they
offered us a compromise; that ther
would make our system universal,
by legislative decree, and we should
manage it. Naturally, we refused,
ilrst of all, compulsory co-operation
ceases to be co-operation. And we
believe it must grow naturally, not
by legislation. In the same spirit
of compromise they asked us to assume control of the nationalized
banks of soviet Russia. Again we
had to refuse. Until laet year they
had not attempted to nationalhi.
our Cooperative People's Bank, in
Moscow, which was doing a billion
dollar business a year. Now they
have nationalized it. But this
amounts merely to the'changing of
the names of the stockholders to
depositors. Tho same staff, the saint
board, the samo control, thc same
employees, continuo as perviously.
There is no ill feeling on either side.
At the conference which resulted in,
tho nationalization of the bank, Lenine himself was present.
" 'You know,' he-said, very seriously 'we communists never compromise, nevor,' then he added, with
a smile, 'except with you Co-operators. '
As a matter of fact, the Bolsheviki have not hampered ua seriously.
Whon the friction between us gets
to tbat point, they always retire.
Naturally, they cannot tamper with
the rope that holds them suspended
over the abyss. As an example, in
manufacturing they givo us full
rein. We may run our factories as
we please, and we may take over
industries just as fast as we can
organizo their working forces. Al'
ready we are employing more than
60,000 people in our wholesale industries, in thc manufacturing plants
alone, and there is no question of
sharing control with shop committees when it comes to actual technical management. During tho past
year the output of our factories
amounted to 100,000,000 roubles. Altogether, we havo made marvelous
strides forward during the past year
especially when you consider the
conditions created by the blockade,
It is a contest between Co-operative
practico and Socialist theory, with
thc Bolsheviki themselves acting aa
referee. Wo are not in the least
troubled as to the final decision;
they themselves have beon deciding
in our favor again and again."
"L'Humanite" publishes a letter
which bears out thc statements in
Co-operation, and Bhows how effective tho blockade has been, and to
what extent it has hampered the
soviet government, in the effort to
establish the co-operative commonwealth in Russia. The letter is as
One of our friends sends us tho
following letter,-written from Russia at tho cod of February:
'' Since my last letter many things
have changed in Russia; the power
of the Soviets is extendod in all directions; the communist leagues are
masters of the country. Thc Men-
sheviks have begun to reissue their
newspapers. Lenine seeks to unite
all the Socialist groups who acknowledge tho rulo of tho Soviets.
"At Moscow tho question of ro-
victualing has lost its seriousness,
but fuel is lacking and sometimes
ono freezes.
"At Petrograd the revictualing is
not so good. The rumors of disorders aro puro inventions.
"We seek pence with thc Allies;
we are ready to make financial concessions. The propositi for the conferences at Prinkipo is accepted in
principle, but we insist upon the
choico of a moro central place. Tho
blockade condemns tho country to
Men's Suits
$35.00 up
Women's Suits
$45.00 up
The B.C. Tailoring Co.
We Try
to io—aot onea but_»n
tke time—ii to give yoa
iuch Suit, at auch price.
u satisfy ,00 ao n-
premely tkat yon never
eeek to go elaewkere.
Tkia policy of oure kaa
been ao consistent, and
ao ateady and satisfactory that we now havo
many tkoaeanda of customers wko come to ua
year after year and
nave been doing ao each
and every year aince we
started in business kere
in tke year 1910. If
we're good enough for
theu, we ahould be good
enough for you. Though
old-established, we're
not old-fashioned. We
can show you every latest style,-and then some.
rteai Theatre
famino and cold. The Scandinavian
countries havo broken with us much
against their wish, in concession to
the ultimatium framed by tho Allies.
"By reason of-this rupture we cannot import from Denmark the seed
for which wc have already paid the
prico (40 million roubles), and from
Sweden the agricultural machinery
for an equal sum.
Thc English- have prevented
Sweden from exporting to Bussia
even paper. Tho flax . which the
Swedes had bought at Petrograd
and loaded upon Bussian boats has
been confiscated by the English and
taken to English ports.
"They strangle us; thhe take
from us all possibility of bottering
our situation internally and it is upon us that tbey seek to throw back
tho responsibility for tho consequences.
"They force the neutral countries
to boycott us end thoy argue from
thia boycotting to prove how unso-
eialable we ore,  and  nevertheless
tbe international situation develop*
itself satisfactorily for sa."
Optn Bebellion Agalnat Britlah
New Tork — While the peace
treaty is being arranged at Versailles, open war is going on againat
British rule in India. -Ae news coming to tho varloua New York agencies is heavily eenaorod; nevertheless it is clear that .driven to dee-
pair by hunger and suffering, tha
starving millions of India are actively challenging the further continuation of alien domination and economic exploitation. The Hindus,
though roported to be unarmed, are
met with British bombs and machine
Winnipeg, Man.—Garment Workers here have been granted a IS per
cent increase in wagei and a 44-
hour week. Nearly 500 employeea
are benefitted. The working houra
were previously 48.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooods, Genti' Furnishing!
Factory organlied under "United Garment Workeri of America"
committees of tho Soviets. Natural*
iy._ they partake of thc nature of a
■military commissary department.
You find them only where oUr co-
oporntivc development is comparatively weak. And fiinnlly, there is
personal trade and barter. Here
comeB tho biggest economic waste.
The peasant, witb his bushel of corn
ot: flour or potatoes, comes himself
all thc way to town and seeks a
bargain, by stealth. Every peasant
has become a tradesman as well.
When the country is again open to
foreign trade this will certainly
cease to a great extent.
"It iB in manufacturing that wc
have had considerable friction with
the Bolsheviki. After the revolution of Novemhor the workers in
the industrial plants, both big and
small, began assuming control
through local committees. This
method was alwayB a failure. Then
fhe regional committeo was tried,
wherein all the workers in a given
district assumed joint control,
through a committee, of all the industries in tho region. This method
was equally unsuccessful. Now the
nationojiatd manufacturing plants
arc controlled by central Soviets—
state socialism.
Our method, of course, le ait-
fo'ic-ut. Our wholesale society doce
Union Store
attracting lots of buyers—and if you want a
SUITyou cannot afford
to pass our store without buying.
Our Suits start at $15
and range upward.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings Street West PAGE FOUR
eleventh teab. No. 2i     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. c.
FRIDAY.  May  M, Ull
Published every Friday morning by Tho B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A.  S.  WELLS...
Office:   Labor  Tomple,  405 Dunsmuir  Street.
Telephone Exchange, Soymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Soy. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United Statos and Foreign,
$8.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 per year; in
Vancouver City, $2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, $1.25 per member per year.
Unity of Labor:  Tbe Hope of tbe World
FRIDAY May 23, 1910
WHEN THE Seattle general Strike
was in progress, Mayor Ole Hanson got busy, and if his statements, or the statements of those that
have press agented this civic dignitary
since   the   strike,   arc
DANCER true, saved the United
IN States   from a  revolu-
RUMORS. tion, and the establish
ment of a Soviet government. Thc Winnipeg strike had not
been in effect very long, beforc we were
informed by the press that a Soviet government had been established in thc
prairie oity. Under the conditions, no
blame can be attached to the press, as the
usual avenues of communication were not
open, neither can any blame be attached
to those representatives of Labor, either
official or otherwise, that are supposed to
have attended a meeting on the Saturday
evening, when the Soviet government was
supposed to be proclaimed. It is, however, important at this time, that if by
any chance misguided, or ill-informed
msn, whether of the working class or the
ruling class, started this rumor, that thcir
attention be called to the danger of the
circulation of such a story. It is not so
very long ago in the city of Vancouver,
that rumors as to what was to happen,
came very near to causing a clash in thiB
city, and on a previous occasion, by the
same underhand methods, a situation was
brought about that, but for superhuman
efforts, would have resulted in bloodshed
* *      *
Such a rumor might be circulated by
those who desire to see an opportunity to
brng about a clash between the powers
of tbe state, and the working class, and in
the Vancouver case, there is no doubt
that the rumors were spread for that purpose. In the Winnipeg case, we aro not
able to say from what source the rumors
sprung. It may have been that some misguided individual, with a glib tongue and
a simple brain, arrived at the conclusion
that the strike was a revoutionary one,
and beeause the workerB had controlled,
by passive methods; the distribution of
(wniinodHlo-i, that a Soviet government
had i»een established.
* *      «
Neither the Seattle or the Winnipeg
strikes were revolutionary upheavals.
They were strikes in the one instance for
higher wages, and in the latter ease, for
the recognition of th* right to collective
bargaining. Is that a revolutionary
strike f Is the demand for the recognition of the officers of the unions a revolutionary demand? To those with the
slightest knowledge of industrial warfare,
the question answers itself in the negative. A Soviot government would not be
a passive ou*. It would not stop the
wheels of industry, but would operate
them, and the first step of such a government, would be to take over, and put into
operation the machinery of production.
If this had been done in Winnipeg, then
it would have been correct to say that a
Soviet government had been proclaimed.
The strike in Winnipeg, however, will go
down In history as one of the greatest
working cass protests against the autocracy of the employers in this country.
* It will be reeorded at the most orderly,
and carefully managed protest that the
workers have ever made on this continent,
and demonstrates that the workers have
a greater degree of intelligence than has
the ruling class. It also demonstrates,
that if foree is not used against them, the
worksrs are not the anarchistic individuals that the press would have us believe
they are. It also demonstrates thc faot,
that the workers realise their power, and
the limitations of it, when to use it, and
when not to uae it. But rumors of the
kind that were sent out on Monday, are
very dangerous, and should be denounced
by all those that do not desire to see the
streets run with blood, and especially
should tha workers be careful in giving
utterance to statements and using phrases
with which they aro not fully conversant,
beeause the ruling class have the guns,
and if blood is shed, it will be the blood
of the working class. There is an element in thit country, who would like to
try the methods of Colorado and Lawrence, on the workers in this Dominion,
but In this they will not be aided by an
intelligent working class.
* *      *
The first step in any revolution would
be towards getting control of thn means
of coercion, "tho powers behind the
state." No such step has been taken,
and thero hss been no attempt lo do so.
If, however, we may be permitted, may
wo issue a warning to the ruling class.
Wc would warn it, that out of general
■ti'ikes, and the attitude taken by that
class towards the workers taking part in
suoh industrial struggles, there have risen
revolutions. But iu all cases, they have
been started by the brutality and bloody
tactic* of thc ruling class, and not by the
workers. To everyone wa would say in
these times of stress, let not your tongue
slip, as it might be the csuse of starting
somothing thnt may not result in the end
desired. Calm deliberation, sound judgment and logio, should be behind every
move of the workers tn thess days, as ths
ruling olass is hysterical and afraid of its
own shadow, and it will besoms mors
wild and erratic as the onward march of
democracy strikes at its rule. A still
tongue is a wise onc in these days, unless
it has behind it knowledge and an understanding of thiugs as they are.
FROM  THE  PRESS we learn  that
Jaok Dussak, a representative of the
Se'attle   local   of   the   Boilermakers
Union, paid a visit to the city of Vancouver toiinvestigate the One Big Union proposal.  On his return to
A LITTLE Seattle, he is reported
BACKBONE        as baving  said  "that
NEEDED. thc  organizers  of  the
One Big Union have resorted to deceit and misrepresentation to
further their cause and predicts that
their movement will fail in the end as a
result of the unfair methods resorted to
by its promoters, in their efforts to induce
the rank and file of the American Federated Unions to join it."
So far as we can learn, Dussak was not
in touch with any of the representatives
of organized labor in this city, or of thc
central committee, and il* he did get iu
touch with anybody in any way connected
with Labor, it must have boen with thoBe
in opposition to the One Big Union.
Every case has two sides, and any fair-
minded man would investigate both sides
if he was seeking the truth of any situation. To turn, however, to the statements
of this individual, he says that tho movement is doomed to failure. At least he
will have to recognize that so far as the
Boilermakers of this city are concerned,
he has not much to base his assertion on,
the vote being so overwhelmingly in favor
of the new form of organization, that the
opposition is negligible. But his statement ss to deceit and misrepresentation,
is to say the least, untruthful. Were we
given to using strong language, we niight
well apply a much stronger term. Where
was the deceit and misrepresentation at
the Western conference? Docs this individual think that the 250 delegates asscm-
bledVere so deficient in intelligence as to
have been deceived by any man, or group
of men? Surely he will give them at
least credit for being as intelligent as himself. The last refuge of those without
any argument is abuse. In more than
one case, the men who have been engaged
in the propaganda for the 6. B. U. have
been the target of slander from members
of Labor organizations in Seattle. When
these same individuals—who are afraid to
attack the meu they abuse to their face—
show the same manliness and courage of
their convictions, as have the active members of organized Labor in this city, who
are working for the One Big Union, and
state their views in the open, and before
the organized workers, as have the men
they abuse, their words may have some
weight. In the meantime, we would suggest that they either develop a backbone
or cease to attack men that are thcir peers
in every respect, and are not afraid to go
before any audience and speak their
minds and demonstrate .that they have
logic and not abuse, to clinch their arguments with.
what the Bolshevik leaders say and do.
The International Review seems to have
had the luck to get hold of thc text*of
four speeches of Lenine's—exactly what
those of us want who believe that Lenine
is a vicious anti-democratic pervert, and
who wish to see our belief publicly justified by documents, in order that other
people may believe it, too. Without such
evidence a large number of extremely advanced English politicians will probably
have a sneaking Bympathy for Lenine, as
one of the many men, bad and good, about
whom our yellow press publishes daily
lies in the somewhat pessimistic hope that
thc truth is not a good enough stick with
which to beat evil. On the invasion quostion some of these disbelievers in the
value of evidence have been more or less
in the same boat with the wild invasionist
group at the War Office. Are they combined, too, in this crusade against accurate information? Anyhow, the mystery
needs clearing up. During actual war we
all, to put it bluntly, havo to do a good
deal of lying, active or passive, of omission if not of commission, in order to save
our country from ruin. But, when fighting is over, the truth ought to be onc of
the'first ailiclcs of diet to bc exempted
from rationing."
The naive admission to *the lies necessary in war time to save thc country from
ruin, is very interesting. Yes, very interesting, indeed. If they use a good deal
of lying to save their country, what on
earth will they not do to save thoir profits. And Russia looks like the end of pro*
fits for them, so wc can now understand
that the reason we are not getting the
whole truth, aud nothing but the truth, is
because they lie to save their country, and
profits are greater than any country. For
profit is the God of the ruling class, and
God always comes before country.
Things can never be as they were before. Labor must have a greater share hi
the management of industry. Men must
be allowed to organize in order to secure
their economic position in society. Such
are the phrases that have been uttered by
representatives of the employing class on
various occasions during the past few
months. They have been uttered at Brotherhood meetings, Board of Trade meetings and similar gatherings. But those
malting the statements must have had
their tongus in their cheeks, if the attitude adopted by the employers in Winnipeg, which has resulted in the greatest
strike in the history of the country, is any
guide to their intentions and their attitude to Labor. The strike was caused by
the employers refusing to meet the representatives of organized Labor. By their
deeds shall ye know them. Greater harmony, forsooth. Sure, if it does not interfere with profits.
The B. C. Veterans Weekly, in this
week's issue, deplores the loss through
unemployment and speaks of the commodities that niight be produced if thc
ten thousand men who are idle were em
ployed. What is not evidontly under
stood, however, by the soldiers' paper, is
that it is useless to produce commodities
unless there are markets for them when
produced, and that only by markets
being secured can they be disposed of,
and profits made. No doubt, however, as
time goes on the soldiers will see for
themselves that they are not interested
in profits, but iu securing the needs of
life in the shape of food, clothing; snd
shelter, and the things that go to make
life worth living. When they realize'tfes
they will not be worrying, but will ibe
doing and assisting in bringing about "a
new order, where proflt will not b£* the
only reason for continued production, '*'
If anybody desires information as -to
why the international officers are opposing the O. B. U. the following may pps$
bly give them a clue as to the reason,:, ,i,
A diamond ring, valued at $700, and $1,000
in gold was presented to James W. Kline, presidont of tbe International Brotherhood of Black
smiths and Helpers, at the convention of that
organiiation held in Indianapolis last month.
The fund, was raised by local unions ae a token
of appreciation for the manner in whioh Presl
dent Kline has conducted the affairs of tho
brotherhood, especially during the poriod of tho
war. His salary was also increased from $3,000
to $5,000 a year.
We can only wonder at the assanine
stupidity of the workers when they pull
off such fool stunts as to give any officer
a $700 rock. Most of the workers are
on thc rocks all the time, and in many
eases it is only by working at the rook
pile that they sre able to get the eats, He
would be* a fool indeed that bit the hand
that fed him, and presents him with diamonds worth more than the average
worker's yearly wage. Long live the international organizations, for they are
fruitful sources of good living and diamonds for some, but not for some of the
rank and file.
The welfare schemo of the Imperial Oil
Works at Sarnia, was under criticism
when the Royal Commission on industrial
relations was in that city. It was stated
that the demands of the union had been
refused, aud the company would only
deal with tho welfare committoe, which is
composed of representatives of the company and the men. This is another of
those get-together schemes so dearly loved
by th* employing class. Not a million
miles from Vancouver, there is another
oil works, and if all statements are true,
the same kick will shortly bs registered
by the mon at this plant, beeause the get-
together movement means the elimination
of ths organization, and the domination
of the workers by ths company officials.
What is the use of quibbling about the
matter. The men's interest can only be
looked after by themselves, and the company 's interests are not the ssme as the
workers, nnd there miiRt. be friction until
the present system is replaced by the
common ownership, and operation of the
means of woalth production.
Dealing with what it calls the mad
scheme for a new war on a huge seal**
against Russia, the Manchester Guardian
says: "The scheme had only roots in the
thin soil of a few harum scarum minds at
the wai* office, and in thc press." It then
goes on to ask some pertinent questions,
and asks for the truth.   It says in part:
"We wonder can thore bo any connection between this abortive intrigue and
the strange story told in a letter which we
publish today from several correspondents, whose character seems to authenticate it. They say that a detectivo, who is
suggest ed to havo acted undor instigation
from some military official, visited the
works where tho well-known and useful
International Review is printed nnd tried,
apparently with success, to scare the printer out of printing just the sort of Russian now* whloh every patriotic Englishman now wants to sss printed—that is,
authentic doouments telling -us exactly
The Typographical Journal, the offloial
organ of the Typographical Union, has
in a recent issue a warning to the mem
bers against the new form of organisation
being advocated in Canada, namely, the
O. B. U. In another column, evidently
with the intention of showing how poor*
ly paid are the officers of that organization, the following list of salaries paid
to the different international officers, is
given. Some reason to oppose the
O. B. U. is disclosed in these figures. We
leave our readers to judge for themselves
just how the international union officers
can have the slave view point in the face
of these figures:
Pretident Locomotive Engineers „ ..........$10,000
President  Bailroad Trainmen   T.S09
Seven VleePreeldenll  Railroad  Trainee  4.JO0
Preeldent Amalgamated  Aieoclellon  ef Street
Ratlwaf  Employees  6,000
President Order ol Railroad Telegraphera ....... 6,000
Preeldent American Federation or Labor  7,100
Secretory American Federation of Laber  $.000
President Building Tradee Department .1 tha .    .
American  Federation  of  Labor   .,000
Secretary  Building  Tradea  Department of tha ■>
American  Federation ot Labor  4,000
Preeldent United aline Workora  6.000
Secretary. United Mine Workera  4.000
President International Holdere' Union   4,500
President    International    Unloa   of    Elevator .,    t
Constructors    a ■*-■'• 4.Q00
Seoretary-Treaanrer  Journeymen  aBrbere'   la*
ternatlonal Union - 5,000
He Should Think Once
Usually tbe illuminating "Sun"
of Vancouver hews faithfully to a
definite line iu the matter of its
editorial policy, as far as the worker is. concerned. It invariably spews
forth abuse, vituperation and often
enough deliberate lies. Almost always it appears engulfed in thc
cesspool of hyperbole. Periodically
it blossoms forth with the* delightful
sangfroid of a villago school boy
—blowing airy bubbles while Euclid
and Socrates pass by unnoticed.
A most distressing sample of this
product of aerated mentality is to
ho found in the Sun's issue of May
15th, under thc proemtory caption
Thoy Should Think Again" and
attempts to load into the paths of
economic rectitude certain erring and
wayward shoop that appoar to have
unwittingly strayed from the labor
camp of the muster class, known ab*
breviatcly as tho A. P. of L.   The
editorial instructions are as follows:
Victoria   city   civic   employees
have endorsed tbe idea of "one
big union." on tho same evening
the New Westminster trades and
labor    council     ropudiatod     the
scheme with considerable emphasis.
The Victoria civic employeos
aro a new organization who are
just beginning to understand the
behollts of united action, but who
have no experience of its liini.a*
tions. Tho New Westminster fellows have been at the game for a .
long timo and know something
about it.
The moro tho "one big union"
(iliin is discussed, tho'Iosb support
it is getting from the saner elements connected with the labor
movement. Its only frionds are
those who do not grasp ita real
significance and tho extremists *
who desire to get power into their
own hands in order to foment
The Victoria  civic   omployees
aro evidontly   being   misled.    If
they wish to improvo their own
condition and at the samo time
live at peace with their follow-
citizens, they are going the wrong
way about it.
Sol   Brains at last look surreptitiously from the brilliant "Sun",
and it appears in all its glory, a
paternal adviser to inexperienced labor organizations.   Since when has
tbe "Sun" earned tho right to as-
sume this guisef Tho "Sun", which
published    scandalizing    advertise*
ments;   which   heaps   abuse   upon
every progressive move made by the
rank aud fihr of labor; which assists
the Anyox company to rocruit returned soldiers for a   dollar    and
sometimes two dollars a day less
than they paid the alien enemy before the war ceased. And this in the
name of   patriotism!   which   upon
every occasion reeks with reminiscences of the P. <_. II. (or ia it the
P. I. (M); this sheet—the "Sun"—
advises a worker's organization to
reconsider its decision, change ita
mind overnight   (like the "Sun"
might its policy, if the necessary
subsidy hove in sight), and go home
and be good children, hereafter taking only its instructions from the
"Sun" and Sammy Oompers.
Why piek on Victoria Civio Employeea f Charity begins at home,
but maybe the "Sun's" abysmal
ignorance -does not permit it to become acquainted witb -'home" life.
Doea the "Sun" not yet know that
Vanoouver Civic Employees had previously let their Vietoria brethoron
a good example! And why, Ob,
why is the indispensable "Sun" so
Irresistibly attracted to New Westminster! May we be saved from
rash conclusions, but has tbe home
for feeble minded anything to do
with itl What about tbe Vancouver
Trades and* Labor Council. Perish
the thoughtl That gives the "Sun"
and certain railroad contractors the
horrors. Weill What about Victoria
Tradei Council! Or Calgary, Winnipeg, Medicine Hat! Or Brandon,
or 1 But why continue the tragus story and give tbe "Sun" stomach sickness. 'Twould ba silly to
talk of lt getting a headache!
Tha more the "One Big Union
plan is discussed tho lesi support it
is getting from the aaner element!
connected With the labor movemont.
So says the "Sun." To that thore
can be no roply. Our powers of
speech, our ability, amall though it
be, witb the Engliah language, completely fail ui. We art lost for
words.  On leeond thought, though,
Quality Is Your
Dollar's Best
Come in and talk
over men's wear, and
we can prove this to
Whether it be a Suit,
Shirts or Underwear, you
are sure of satisfaction.
Holiday goods galore.
Flannel   or   White   Duck
Pants .93.00 to $6.60
Sport Shiits....?2.00 to $3.50
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
how would it bo to invite Mr. Broinc
of Vancouver'a "loailingf" ne
paper to make himself acquainted
with the returns of the referendum!
If that could not teach him a little,
a Charlie Chaplin mallet is the only
resource. At least he,should think
onco bofore ho whufFles off.
Efforts and Sacrifices
Hilton Sheridan Sharp, chairman
of the board of directors of the
Bradford Dyers Association, Ltd.,
(.England), opened the annual meeting of tho stockholders on February
22, 1019, with those words: "Aftor
four years of the most terrible war
in thc history of tho world , , .
we meet today after complete victory has crowned our cffortB and our
sacrifices." Thc chairman then gives
in detail the "efforts and sacrifices"
of his company. These include not
profits for the year of #3,200,000; 10
per cent, regular dividends on the
common stock; 7Mi per cent, bonus
on the common stock and surplus,
carried forward of *1,4-10,000. Mr.
Sharp predicts that with the Gorman dye industry destroyed, a future of tho greatest prosperity is in
storo for hiB concern.
From his London estate alono the
Duke of Westminster receives $15,-
000,000 yearly for doing nothing. At
#500 per year it would tako tho average worker 30,000 years to earn that
much for -doing everything. Six
thousand years ago, according to the
common chronology, "Adam delved
and Eve span," The oommon worker would have to toil six times the
history of man to get as much monoy
as the do-nothing duke gets in one
Buy only from a union store.
lba Noxt line of tht Qreater Van*
couver   anl   Lower   Mainland
Telephono Directory OlOSti
Jnne 0th, 1919
It yon an contemplating taking
neweervfe*. or miking any change-*
in or additions lo jour preient aer-
rice, you ahould aend in notification,
in writing, not later than tha above
date, in order that you may take advantage of the new directory lilting*.
The Telephone .Directory offers an
attractive and effective medium for
advertising purpoiei. Advert imrl
ahould bear the above date in mind
so that insertion may be mra In the
Auguit Directory,
"Her Unborn Child"
Endorse*] by press, publie and
Meet:   Ue, SSe wd SOe
Pretld.nt Intern..lonsl Brotherhood of Team*
Iter., Ch.uff.urB, Stablemen Md Helper.  ...
Socretary International Brotherhood ol Team
.tors, Chauffeur., Stalilomen and Helper. 	
Preaident  Bricklayer.,   Mesons  and Fla.terore'
International Union	
Seeretary  Bricklayers, Mason, tnd Plasterers'
International Union	
Preaident Granite Cuttora' International A.eo*
elation of America  .'    o.vov.
President  United  Brotherhood   of   Carpentera
and Jolnor. of America      5,001)
Secretary-Treasurer  Union   Label   Tradee   De*     .   .,
partment   of   the   American   Federal Ion   of
Lahor     4.000
Preaident  International Typographical Union...    11.500
Socretury-Truaeurer International Typographical
Union     8,500
Tho REVEREND John Woslojr Hill, Chancellor of Lincoln Memorial University, Cumberland (lap., Tenn., declares that every BolabcTisi
and radlnal in the United States should be io-
portod "on a ship of stone, with sails of load,
the wrath of Ood for a gale, and Hell for the
nearest port."
Seldom has it boon our lot to come
across a greater amount of Christian
charily in any man, and we can only
wonder thut such a godlike ■naturo is al
lowed by a kind providence to atay on
this mundane earth.
Union«Bank of Canada
Paid Up Capital and Reservo $  8,999,792
Total Assets, over. 189,000,000
Spatial atUaUon p»_J to SAVWM AOOOTOTS and oit-of*.
Stm euteaen.  Safety .spoilt boiea to rent.
Vancourer Braaenee-
HaiMiif > and Biokarif, Oorton and Abbott Street!, Mount
-At J. M. Harvsy'i Clothing StonsL
Your Suit
Is Ready!
Wo prido ourselves—that w» sre ablo to mowo s largo
and woll assorted stook ot the highest type of Ready-to-
wear Clothing to bo had. Origins! in design, sensible in
patterns and oolorings, unsurpassed for up to the last
notch in style—real quality and sterling value—tailored
by expert*—then inspected by experts for even the small
minute details by clever olothing oritics.  Front
$20.00 to $50.00
10% Discount to Soldiers and Navy Mon
J. N. Harvey
128-127 Hastings St. West
Also 014*610 Tates Street
Vlotoria, B. 0.
Two Union Stores for Men
"Strike Notice"
UNION MEN, do you know
that the next strike in Vancouver is going to be an
It will be the greatest strike
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership in tho SURREY OIL CO., LTD.
Don't wait nntil "EVERYBODY" knows there is oil ia the
Fraser Valley.
All the Directors of this Company
are, or formerly 'were, UNION men,
repreeentinf FIVE different Unions.
They know your position, therefore
■rou an assured ol a atralght deal.
The SURREY OIL CO. aharea ara
the baat buy la the eity. Call and
1 will prove it. LIMITED ISSUE, 0
cent, per ehare.
Small capitalisation, large koU-
Get your ordere in QUICK. Can
only be obtained from
G. Gatheral Fleming
Pheae Ser. «47
Open till 0 Saturday evening
Look for tho Big Rod Arrow Sign*
made the same shade
as yeur own
Dental Plates a Specialty
Open Xienlnie 7 ta s o'Oleek
Dental Verse la Att.ad.nce
Comer of Robson Street
Over Owl Drug Hon
Phona ley. Mil
Bank of Toronto
AflMtl $84,000,000
Dapoatts  ...:    63,000,000
Joint Savings Aeooant
A JOIST Savings Account mey bs
opened Rt The Bank of Toronto
In the namo of two or mor*
persons. In theso accounts either
party nir sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members
of -ft family or a Arm % Joint account
is often t great convenience. Intersil
U paid on balances.
Vaneonver Branch!
Corner Hastings ud Gamble Streets
Branches at:
Victoria.   Merritt,  New Wwtmtnittt
1160 Georgia Street
Sanday services, U ».m. and 7.10 p.m.
iujr    school    Immediately    following
■out servioe.   Wednesday testimonial
I   p.m.   Free   reading   room,
Birks  Bldg.
*' If you want your motorcycle or
bloycle overhauled or repaired at
reasonable prices, pay us a visit-
We buy and sell used machines of
all kinds. We repair sowing machines. Lawn mowers sharpened. Got
our prlees before buying,
312 MAIN ST. (Mir Hastings)
Soymour 8761
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest f >
sible consistent with
' Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building/
, Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Costs
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Oan TOU sell onr Sickness and Alfll-
dent  Polities)    Tho cosl   II   Hull
(91.00 por month and ip>, tho benelt
Is large.
(All accidents and every known dls-
ease covered.)
We give Rood service, and noed good
men to represent us in all parts ef
British Columbia.
Merchants Casualty Co.
Rofere Building       Tanoourer, B. 0.
Blni up Phone fcjmoar SIM tot
Dr. W. J. Curry
Mt* SOI Dominion Balldinf
-,-..   _ FBIDAT...
...May », 1919
Have You Ever
Stopped to Think
That the CAL-VAN MAREBT eliminate tho profit
of the Middleman, tho Commission man, tho Jobber and Wholesaler.
That tho OALVAH MARKET eliminates Delivery
That the OAL-VAN MARKET eliminates bookkeeping oosts and charge losses.
That the OAL-VAN MAMUJT eliminates Urge ren-
tals—thirty-one separate businesses under ono
That the OAL-VAN MARKIT system eliminate) tho
wages of many clerks.
That the OAL-VAN MARUT saves you all theso
That the OAL-VAN MARKET delivers Foodstuffs
to you direot from tho producers at a minimum
Come in   -   -
You'll -save dollars
WE CAN sell you goods at less price than
most stores, and our goods carry the label,
as far as possible.
Men's Fino Shoos, from
$4.00 to $10.00.
Dr. Reid's Cushion Solo,
at $11.00.
Men's   Working   Shoes,
from $4*00 up to $7.80.
High Tops, from $5.50.
Summer   Underwear,   at
$1.00 per suit.
Stanfield's Underwear, in
light and heavy weights
Headlight   Overalls   aro
the best made.
Men's Suits from $20.00
Fine Shirts and Working
Shirts at from $1,00 up.
Special fine Panamas in tho newest shapes, $5.00
18 and 30 Cordova Stroot Wort and 444 Main Stroot
Many a Man thinks he is wearing a
when he isn't
The Seal of Certainty
is sewn in the pocket
—the label and the
price clearly stated.
Semi-ready Tailored
Suits are designed in
good style and tailored with precise silk
stitched and perfect
inside tailoring.
Suits at $25 and $30
are as well tailo^-ed as
those at $85 to $50.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized ...$ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up  $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets  ........$360,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weat Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New York City and
Barcelona, Spain, *
Twelve branches in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Robson Streets.
Comer Bridgo Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Comer Granville and Seventh Ave. West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Conner Seventeenth Ave and Main Streot.
/ 2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenuo and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 ether
points in British Columbia., '     ,
One dollar opens an account on which Interest is paid half-yearly
at ourront ratos,
Manager Vancouver Branch Supervisor Ar B, O.
WiO Deal With Nations
Who Respect Soviet
States the World Is Moving Inevitably To
The Manchester Guardian gives
the following account of an inter*
view of Lenine by M. Ludovic Nnu-
deau the special correspondent of
the "Temps." The intonriew took
placo in February or March last
Lenine said:
"We aro exceedingly anxious to
adapt ourselves to circumstauces
during tho period of transition
through which Europe is passing.
Can a communal stato like ours, surrounded by capitalist states, exist t
Why notf Of course it la very difficult for t people like the Bussian
people , young and little developed,
to live without numerous ties with
the neighboring and more advanced
nations. We need technicians, scientists, and all the apparatus of universal industry. Particularly today,
whon tho productive powers of Russia are destroyed, we are unable
alone to develop the immense resources of this country. Under such
conditions, however 'disagreeable the
admission, we must admit that our
principles, though applying within
our own frontiers, must beyond Our
frontiers give place to* political
agreements which will allow us to
live. ThuB we vory sincerely proposo
to recognize that wo must pay tho
income on foreign loans and, as we
have no money, we shall pay it with
corn, oil, and all kinds of raw materials of which we shall have
enough once normal production is
We have decided to grant timber
and mining concessions to the citizens of the Entente Powers, on condition that the essential principles
of Soviet Bussia are respected. Further, we should be resigned to ceding territories of the old Bussian
empire to certain Entento Powers.
English, Japanese and American
capitalists are. very anxious for
sueh concessions. As for France,
we are not dear. There teems to be
two opposed currents In France so
far as we are concerned. We shall
not resist any reasonable demands
that will give us peace. If too much
is askod we shall light and defend
ourselves. Tho Western Powers are
beginning to see that it is not quite
so easy to make war on us as they
thought at Ilrst. An honest' peace
would be the best thing for the
whole world. We are ready to make
a bargain.
To show our sincerity, I can tell
you that we have granted a concession to an international company for
the building of tho Veliki Severni
Pout—that is to soy, the Great
Northern Bailway. It is a line three
thousand vorsts long to run from
Soroka, a station ou the middle of
the Murman Bailway, via Kotlas and
the Urals, to the junction of the Obi
and the Irtish. Immonso virgin forests of eight millions of hectnros
and all kinds of unexploited mines
will fall within tho domain of the
construction company. As wo have
not the means to devolop these our*
solves there is no harm in giving the
job to a foreign country. It is a
case of coding property of the state
for a fixed term, probably oight
years, with the right of repurchasing. Our conditions will not be hard.
Tho laws of the.Soviet fixing the
eight-hour day and controlled by
workmon-s organizations will be respected, and that will suffice. Of
course, this is a great departuro from
pure communism aud thore has been
much controversy urer tbe project,
but wo have decided to accept what
the period of transition through
which we nre passiug renders necessary. Tho Bolshevik government
will keep auy bond it signs.
The State of the Future
You; ask me about the futuro of
the world. I am uo prophet, but of
this I am sure—that tho old atate
of capitalists and of free trado, such
as England was, is dying. The state
of the future will monopolise everything, buy everything, sell everything. .The evolution of the world
is moving inevitably towards Socialism. There are various transitional
forms and phases, but the goal is
ono. Who would have believed a few
years ago in the possibility of the
nationalization of railways in America, or that this republic tfbuld buy
up all the wheat to put it to the
uso most convonient to the state?
The League of Nations "Ul be extremely difficult to constitute, but
out of these experiments a new form
of civilization will in tho end emerge. Clearly our communist experience here is not a decisivo proof.
Bussia is a nation apart, whoso intellectual culture does not correspond at all to Westorn culture. The
land question here has probloms unknown to you. Bemember that private rural property wns oreatod only
a few years ago by Stolypin. In
Bussia when tho old autocratic govornment foundered there was no
power to oppose the explosion of thc
social revolution. In Germany and
in Franco, where tlie ancient pillars
are enormously more solid than they
were with us, a rovolution Is much
moro difficult to commence than was
the case in Bussia.
On the other ha ml, if a Socialist
regimo established itself in France
or in Gormany it would be much
easier with them than with us to
porpetuato it. Socialism would find
in tho west the stuffs, the talent,
the organism, every variety of intellectual and material help which
we lack hore.
I sum up by saying that experience proves that ovory human group
is moving towards Socialism by its
own road. Thc old world can no
longer exist. Tho oconomic situation
engendered by thc war will procipi-
tnio its downfall. All that has been
said, nil that Can bo said, against
thc stute as employer has not prevented or checked this evolution.
To remedy the defects of the stato
employer we shall have to strike out
new forms of control, but today it
****** ****** ****** ******
Red Cross Worker Tells How Bolsheviki
Were Destroyed by Disease and Starvation in Siberia
The April number  of' tht   BedtMio might better be. I have been
Cross magaiine prints aa eye-wit*
neat story of horrors perpetrated by
foes of the Bolsheviki ia Siberia
worse than anything that haa been
advanced with say appearance of
authenticity about tht alleged hor*
rors of Bolshevism.
It is a signed story entitled "The
Death Train" by Budolph Bukely,
illustrated by photographs. Mr.
Buckley was a banker at Honolulu,
Ke went to Vladivostok at a repre*
sentative of the Americas Bed Croat
and did relief work.
In the fall of 1018 the city of Samara, not in Siberia, but iu European Bussia, was captured by the
Bolsheviki. A short timt subsequently it waa captured from them
by the Czecho-Slovaks. The Czechoslovaks threw many hundreds of
porsons into jail, including Bed
Guards and  persona   suspected   of
red" sympathies. When these
forces evacuated the city they shipped all these prisoners, 2,100 of
them, out of the city herded into
fifty box cars and sent the "death
train," ia it came to be called, to-
ward Siberia, the seat of the Kol-
chak governmont with which the
Czecho-Slovaks, Japanese and allied
troops were co-operating to down
tho Bolsheviki,
Misery te Pill Lifetime ,
The following parts of Mr. Bukely'a article are reprlntod from the
Bed Cross magazine. They are taken from his diary, written at the
end of each day'a experiences:
It ia the eighteenth day of November, 1918. I am at Nikolsk-Us-
surlsk in Siboria. In the past two
days I have teen enough misery to
fill a lifetime. Only four weeks ago,
as a four-minute man, I was preaching the doctrine of "hate." Today,
I humbly atk forgiveness for my
thoughts of hate, and pray from the
depths of my soul that I may be
allowed to play my part, though a
small one, in trying to improve the
condition of men, whatever their nationality, so that perhaps some day
this world may emerge into the great
brotherhood, and that such things aB
I havt seen may become impossible.
The death train   .   .   .   left Samara nearly  two  months*- ago   in
charge of some Bussian officers. It
had on board at that time twenty-
one hundred prisoners of all sorts.
They were apparently civil prisoners.  Some were Bolshoviki, others
had been released from the prison
at Samara. Many of them said thoy
were thrown   into  jail  for  being
against the Bolsheviki at the time
the Bolsheviki were in control; and
when iu the course ot the fighting
the Czechs and  Bussians  occupiod
Samara, they simply cleaned out the
whole jail, packed the prisoners into
this train, and sent them out west.
Between that day and the day before yesterday, whon we found thit
loathsome caravan in Nikolsk, eight
hundrod of those wretches had died
from starvation, filth and disease. In
Siberia thore is misery and death on
overy hand, on a scale tbat would
appal the stoutest heart. Thero wore
as near as we could count, thirteen
hundred ond twenty-fivo men, women and children penned up in these
awful cars yesterday.    Since   last
night six have died. By and by thoy
will all dio if the train is permitted
to go on in such conditions.
Could Kill Them Quicker
I cannot understand the reasoning
of the Bussian mind. Thero are millions of pounds of produce at Omsk,
which caunot be moved for lack of
rolling stock.   It scorns   a   wicked
thing to say, but the thought has
suroly come to me that to kill thoso
peoplo painlessly would require perhaps three dollars' worth of poison
or ten dollars' worth of ammunition;
and yet for woeks this train of fifty
cars has been wandering, driven on
from station to stntion, evory day
a few more corpses boing dragged
Many of these peoplo have been
in box cars for five weeks in their
original clothing. There are from
thirty.flve to forty in a box car,
measuring say twenty-fivo foet by
eleven, and the doors have seldom
been opened savo to drag out the
bodies of the doad, or some woman
told that when they first started
tbera wert as many at sixty in many
of, tht cart, but death weeded thtm
I have climbed into these cars at
night with my flash light, I have
gone into them in tht early jitorning
and examined them, I have seen
men with the death rattle in their
throat, half naked, with lice and
vermin visible on them; othors just
lying in a semi-unconscious stupor;
and others with the whining grin of
imbeciles, holding out their hands
for a few cigarettes or kopecks,
chuckling with glee like apes upon
boing given them.
Of anything like sanitary provision this train hns nothing, and the
accumulation of filth in which these
people have lived and nre dying is
absolutely unspeakable.
Is hopeless to prevent the stato becoming the employer. That it mutt
happen will come at by its own
OBcen Mistreat Woman
It it impossible to tell in print
the story of the unfortunate women
who have beon imprisoned here un-
dor these awful conditions. They
are treated bettor than tho men.
We hnve set with them and talked
with thom in a mixed jargon of
French, Bussian and German. On
tho inside of the car hangs a piece
of string. On it are four pairs of
stockings ownod by theso cloven
women. The floor is eovored with
refuse and filth. There are no means
of cleaning it, noither brooms nor
They have not taken off their
clothes for weeks. In the centre of
the car is a little wood stove, and
there are pieces of wood and coal
on tho floor. All around the sides of
tho^ cars run two ro^-s of planks, on
which the inmates sleep at 'night
and sit hunched up by day. If there
evor is any official food for tho prisoners these women got the first
pick, and their physical condition is
much botter, since eleven of them
have a ear which would accommodate thirty-five meu packed in as
thoy are.
Two more days have now gone by.
Since we arrived a cooking car has
been put on the train, with a largo
iron kettle, nnd yesterday the
guards claim to have given the pri-
spsicrs a little soup.   One kettle for
?.325 people, and soup passed
h'rough a window a foot by a foot
om. a half by moans of an old rusty
oanl' Yesterday ono of tho women
was, taken out of one of the ears by
a Russian ofllcor. He will return
her when the train pulls out.
In this car is also an emaciated
oreatnre that was onee a man. He
was a journalist. His wife is in tho
tamt car. She has a very few days
tHiliye. When the men stand they
jttt'tke entire ear. On tlio two rows
or planks built along the sides, the
dead1-and the living sleep at best
thejr may. We were told by the
guards this morning at 8:30 that
three men had died during the night
and tho bodies had been removed.
As.we walked past the train a man
hnilod us from onc of tho cars, and
the guards wero told that thore were
dead insido. We insisted on the
door being openod and this is what
wo sow:
Youth Dead of Exposure
Lying right ocross the threshold
was the body of a boy not over 18
or 10 years old. No coat, merely a
thin shirt in_such tattors that his
whole chest and arms wero exposed,
for trousers a piece of jute bag pinned around him, ami no shoes or
stockings. What agony that boy
must havo Bufforcd in tho Siberian
cold bofore ho diod of 111th .starvation and exposure!
Wo are still holding the train by
menns of the co-oporation of tho
Czech lieutenant, and in case of
nood ho agrees ho will put the en*
gino out of ordor. Last night tho
station maBter showed us telegra-
phic instructions to the effect that
the train positively must pull out at
1 a.m., but is still hero. In case
they wire tho lieutenant to oboy his
orders, he will wiro baok that thore
aro. obstructions in tho way but that
he is doing his best. In caso all else
fails, he will oboy instructions, and
tho trnin will pull out. She will go
say four miles an dthon she will
stop. We aro fighting by overy
means for a chance to save these
pitiable lives.
Provide Baths for Vlctima
We have mnde arrangements with
a Bussian bath some three-quartors
of a mile from here to wash all the
prisoners tomorrow for four hundred
aad fifty roubles. They will start
at 0 o'clock ia the morning and
walk to the hath, where tlxty at a
time will clean thtnitelvet. Thty
should be through in tea houn, but
it may take longer. Our car hat arrived ,and at eaeh man goes is to
the bath hit infested underclothes
will be taken from him and burned,
and he will be given in exchange a
pair of socks, a sweater, and a pair
of pyjamas. Tkey will then be put
into new cart. The authorities do
not with to furnish buckets; the law
requires thia, and the point will havt
to be fought out.
At t o'clock In the morning of
November 82—It it bitterly cold.
There wat a-feeavy tnow ttorm last
night. Strong left at 5 o'clock for
the bath houso ao as to bt ready,
and Manget and Oloson slept lu the
box oar to be on hand whon tht first
prisoners arrive. I am pretty nearly
all in with a bad throat, so will not
get up until it it time to relieve
Strong at 8 o'clock. Tho start was
not made until 7:30, at Lieut. No*
vack waa unable to flnd the Bed
Cross cart, whioh had been shifted
during the night.
Eight fifteen a, m.—Hore I am at
the bath houso, having juat relieved
Strong who is going homo to breakfast. The baths are all ready and
we are waiting for the flrst contingent. In the distance againat the
snow, we can see a body of men advancing very, very slowly and with
great difficulty. Many stumble as
they walk and have to be supported
by the other prisonors. There are in
thia party a hundred and twenty
wretched people escorted by fifteen
guards with loaded rifles ,ut though
those poor dovils had the strength
to show flght or run, even though to
minded. It it all thoy can do to
Bum Their Filthy Clothes
The flrst sixty have gono itt and
now thore ia a fire burning in the
yard where the disgusting clothes
are burning. Inside, tho unfortunates have each been given a piece
of soap aad are scrubbing themsolves, while the guards carry out
the clothes and put tbem ou the fire.
The wagon has arrived with eighty
sweaters, four hundrod and fifty
pairs of socks, and one hundrod and
twenty pyjamas.
Tomorrow when this train pulls
out it will have 925 Bod Crosses on
it, but I must still call it tho "train
of death." There is no use disguising the fact that these people arc
nearly all going to die, for aa soon
as the train shall have pullod out,
the old conditions will return and
there will be onee moro the corpses
thrown out day by day from oaeh
November 33—Today we leave
Vladivostok. Wo havo dono all that
wc could do. We have just learned
that thore are thirty additional cases
of typhus'in tho hospital and heaven
knows how many on the train. We
have bought buckets and brooms for
tho can, which will help a little.
From the Bed Cross Magazine we
learn that Mr. Blukley's prophecy
was fulfilled. As it went over Siberia flrst and thea east, the news
to this train of horror filtered Into
Vladivostok. If there are any doubters after reading this atory of unheard of horrors, they can read it
for themselves in the Bed Cross
Magazino for April, from whioh thc
abovo passages are taken,
Phone Beymour 8000
Private Exchange Connecting All Departments.
Cask and Carry Specials ia
For Week Commencing Friday, May 23rd
Fraier Valley Baspberries, flih. tin toe
Btiudeer Milk, per tia....l(V_e
Fry's Cocoa, Vie, per tin S0V,e
Shaker Salt, per tarton ... (0
Clark's Tomato Ketchup, pet
bottle  _*_t
Boyal Crown Coap, per ear-
ton  J»VjO
Bidgway's Old Country Tet,
reg. TOe  -Mo
Vantoria Tomatoea, -Vis, per
tin  .IBe
B. ft K. Boiled Oata, 7a, per
sack  „ _..«7e
Boyal Stand. Flour, 24s....*l._8
Maybloom Tea, per lb SSe
Woodward's   Better    Coffee,
reg. SSe  Mc
Purity Boiled Oata, 4a .«8c
. Quaker Boiled Oata,.4s ...Mo
Cream of Wheat, per pkg. 83c
Kellog's Bran, per pkg. ..,470
B. * K. Wheat Flakes, !3s..2-C
Dominion Corn Fiakes...ll*/1c
Shredded Wheat, pkg ISo
Holbrook's Punch Sauct, ptr
bottle  „ 86c
Holbrook's Worcostershiro
Sauce, largo bottle  48c
Argood Pickles, per bottle 81c
Mentsorrat  Lime  Juice,   per
bottle  41c
Shields Vinogar, bottle ...ISC
Holbrook's Vinegar, _or.„..S8e
Pure Orango Marmalado, id-
oz. tin „ 21c
Stanley's   Grapefruit,  Lemon
or Orango   Marmalade,  8a,
per tin   38c
Empress Marmalade, bot.Jttc
Malkin's Orange  Marmalade,
per bottle 22c
Vantoria Jam, it „ Mt
Climax Jam, tt ...........ITS
Vantoria Marmalade, 4s —610
Cottage Brand Poaaat Batter,
ptr bottlt..... Me
Cowan's aat Lowney's Cocoa,
per Ha ™..JU
Barring-tan Hall CoCte .....Ste
Oold Medal Poaches, IHt..Ms
Auat Dinah Moltttei,
small Wf_t
Aunt Dinah Molasses, _%s9flt
Happyvalt Pineapple 8s.M'/.o
Libby's Pineapple, 2t  .8*0
Wild Bom Paltry Flour, 10't,
ter IM
Clark't Pork aad Beau, l't,
ptr tin .... -_ to
Jutland Sardinia, yer tin..lOt
Campbell's Soups lie
Malkin'I Jelly Powders, *Y,e
Malkin't Custard Powder, psr
tin  .,  JtO
Malkin'• Belt Baking Ppw.
Nabob Baking Powder .....84e
Cow Brand Soda, Mb. pkg,,
for -..-..iy,o
Nabob Custard  Powder,  ptr
pkg. Ue
Holbrook't Egg Powder, pkg.
for   Ac
Blue Bibbon Peaches, pkg. lis
Excelsior Dates, per pkg. 840,
Brasso, per tin, reg. -Sc.H'/ic
Christie'i Arrowroot Bitcaitt
for ITo
Bamsay't Biaauitt  .18'/io
Lion Brand Macaroni, Wos. I
pkg.. - — Me
Bamsay't Family Sodas, pkg.
for   —...Mt
Toilet Paper, per roll - lo
Skbokum Shoe   Polish,  blatk
ot taa ... fe
I    Patronise Federationlit   __
era ant tell them why yea te so.
Where to Go On May 24
Bowen Island—Squamlsh
"Among ttat Beautiful Mountains Vp Hows Sound"
Oo Saturday three iteameri will Imp the Union Dock at 9:16 a.m. On
8-anday it 10:flO a.m. Calling tt Bowen Inland, Britannia Mlnei, Squamisb
Mi way point); returning to Vuneouver,at 7:15 p.m.
Motif on. Board
0« Saturday, the 8.8. Bowena will ttfcve the Union Dock at 1 p.tn. fqr
Bowen Island direet. Steamers will leav-0 Bowen Ialand at 0 p.m., 0.3O p.m.
and T p.m. for the benefit of camper*- and hotel gueits ft steamer will
leave Bowen Ialand on Monday at 0:80 a.m., arriving at Vancouver 7:45
a.m.   "Thla makea a delightful .week-arid kt our beautiful summer resort."
We Have Just Received a New Shipment of
These are the beat tools that
are made and we always have a
complete stock of them.
J. A. Flett, Limited
339 Hastings Street West
Finnish Autocracy Recognized by Britain and
The Mnnnerhclm governmont in
Finland, tho recognition of which by
Great Britain last week was received with cheera in tho Tory House
of Commons, has now been recognized by tho United States, It is
sufficient to say that an act so outrageously inconsistent both with fair
professions and with tho inherent
justice of the case will almost inevitably strike back iuto the fact
of the forces which perpetrated it.
Mannerhcim led the Whito Ouard
against the Bod or Soviet forces. To
his standard rallied nit the upper-
Baltic Junkers, all tho Gorman-controlled commercial interests of Finland, and all men in Finland who
possossed lands and privileges undor
tho old regime. He was frankly and
openly a representative of German
imperialism. He proposed to set up
a monarchy in Finland, and to place
ono of the sons of the kaiser on
tho throno.
Tho deeds that Mannerheim did
In Finland as leader of the White
Guard wero not reported in tho
newspitpers. It was not recorded how
the Whito Torror in Finland systematically oxocuted 60,000 officials of
labor unions, heads of co-operative
enterprises, and Socialist leaders of
different grades of radicalism, until a social development of generations in that highly civilized nnd
organized land had been rendered
helpless through tho selective murder of all its beat leadership; how
hundreds of thousands of labor unionists, Socialists, and radicals of
the rank and filo were executed in
the same summary fashion; or how,
when an election was at last held
under the guns of tho White Guard,
tho Socialist vote, in spite of ovory-
thing, had not declined.
Repudiated Non-Union -Bhop
DANBURY, Conn,—Aftor a two-
years contest the membors of the
United Hatters employed in the nonunion sliops of this eity hnvo decided to discontinue working in the
foul" shops. The meeting thnt
reached this decision wus attended
by 1,000 members of the orgnnization. During the mooting somo facts
wore revealed lhat proved surprising to tho workors. Immediately on
the shops becoming nonunion a syatem of "throwing out" was put into force and resulted In ninny dozen lints being conrtonined for whioh
tho workers received BO pay, Ihero-
by greatly reducing wages. It is
assorted that this action will be a
severe blow to tho non-union om-
ptoyors, ns tho men claim that tho
noxt season will demand stiff hats
and that tho men who had boon
working in this non-union shop nre
unable to successfully manufacture
that grade of goods.
Minimum Wage Board
Province of Britlah Columbia
NOTICE is hereby   given,   that
pursuant to Chapter SS ot the
Statute! of mt,    being-   tho
"Minimum Wage Aot,"  a   public j
meeting will be held at the Court!
Houae, in the City ol Now Weatminster, on   Wedneaday,   tho   4th I
day of June, 19W, at 10 a.m., for
tho purpose of hearing any person
interested in  the establishment of
a mimimum wage and hours and conditions for women engaged in the
"Offlce Occupation," which includea
the work of those employed as stenographers, bookkeepers, typists, billing clerks, aling   clerks,   cashiers,
cash girls (not included  ln   ether
orders), checkers, invoioers,   comptometer operators, auditors, attendants in  physicians'  and dentists'
offices and all kinds of elerioal work.
A cordiar invitation to be presont
is extended to all those wbo dealre
to be heard on the above questien
before a minimum wago and hoars
and conditions of labor are determined.
Minimum Wage Board for the Pror-
ince of British Columbia.
J. D. McNIVEN, Chairman,
Victoria, B. C, May 16, M».
For Appendicitis, Oall Stones,
Peritonitis and ailments of the
Stomach. These maladies whieh
often lead to costly operations and following periods of
recuperation can be cued
speedily, with little cost
(19.80 treatment).
Sale Kaaafaetnrtr
Mi 4tk Ave., ■.. Saskatwa
Soft Drinks and
Fresh Cool  Beer.
The right treatment
and beat service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestall
Corner Hastings and
-    Homer
Shows How
Could Enforce Economic Equity
Published weekly.
♦1.(0 a year to Canada
"The "Almighty Dollar", "(V*
operation",   etc.,   free,   if   yeu
mention this papor.-
Boi 00, Longbrencb, wash.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood ftr one year'i subeoriptloa to We
B. O. r-adaraliMlat. will ba nMlad %*
any addreu in Oaaada for 111.10.
<Oood aaywkere oatefla •( Vinimw
eity.)   Order tea iaday.  Remit wbea sold.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We deserve Trade Unloa Pjtronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or        622 Pender West
Buy at a union store.
THROUGH Mount Hob-ton nnd Jasper Parks across the prairiea
through.the most fertile grain belt in the world to Winnipeg,
Toronto, Ottawa, Montronl and Qnoboc.
CONNECTIONS at Winnipeg and Duluth for Central States, at
Toronto ond Montreal for Eastern Statos and Atlantic ports.
FINEST TRAINS, Electric lighted, Standard and Tourist Sleeping Cars, also Dining Cars.
For Kates, Tickets, Literature and Information, apply to
005 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B. C.
Phene Seymour S4SJ PAGESTX
M.EV1NTH teab. No, ai     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vanoobvbb, b/c.
FBIDAY. .Kay   28, 111
Music and Dancing
Ab hoarly train aervice, leaving Merth Vaneonver for How-shoe
Bay at 30 minutes feat each hou, w__ be operated on Kay 84 and
a-my Snnday, from the North Short Terminal of the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
The Grandview Chamber of Commerce Brass and Reed Band, consisting of 80 pieces, will give the following programme on May
r, under the direction of Mr. P. Timms.   Music t
1. (a) Maple Leaf 0. Bridal Rose
(h) Tfc* Marseillaise 7. Nautieal Airs
J. We of Beauty
P. Timms.   Music to commence at
Greeting to Bangor
«. Show Boy
I. Missouri Waits
10. Old Quebec
Qod Savo the King
I. Lustpi
i. fir ■
Bvfr-et-hmentii and accommodation obtainable nt two hotels.
Free tables and seats iimtalled in a cool, shsily pnrk for the use
of picnicker*
Good dty of iuue only, «.
The trail, service will be augmented by additional equipment
from the imiamiah Division.
fake the Terry leaving Vancouver on the hour.   F. G. E. Depot
adjoining North Vaneonver Ferry Wharf.
rot Further Information Telephone Sermour 9647, Pawenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Be conajit-ent and demand the Union Stamp on yonr hoots Md
ihooi.   Tne following loeal firms are fair to Organized Lahor and
art worthy of year patronago and rapport:
,T. Leckie Co., Ltd., 980 Cambie Street.
Harvey Boot Bhop, 11 Cordova St. W.—Custom Making and Bepairs.
W. J. Heads, 20 Water Street—Custom Making nnd Repairs.
H. Vos k Son, 63 Cordova Street West—Custom Making and Re-
Dinsnuir Boot Shop, 981 Dunsmuir Street—Custom Making and
"Nodflay" Shoe Repair Company, 1047 Granville Street.
Standard Shoe Repair Shop, 618 Robson Street.
M. B. Thorns, 266 iCtvgsvr-iy.
Woods Ltd. "K" Boot Shop, Cordova and Hastings St. W.
H. O. Spaulding, 1971 Fraser Street, South Vancouver.
Bo B-togroMlYo, Mr. Shoo Repairer, and get in touch with Secre-
taif torn Cory, 441 Vomon Drive.
Christianity and too Other Kind *
Editor B. C. Federationist: I have
been much interested from tine to
time by articles and letters in our
valuable Foderntionist, ve real Christianity and the bogus kind, that has
been so ably set forth by the varied
writers. Mr. Woodsworth's articles
and lectures have been especially
flne, and his introduction to so many
of us of the sterling qualities of
that giant Labor man, U. V. Debs,
has boon revelation. Mr. J. P. Law-
son, too, in his letters gives us, it
seems to me, the true import of
Jesua tho Christ's message; humanity evelves very slowly, and no
doubt in case of such another event,
the teacher would again have to-re-
clothe the ancient teaching and repudiate the man made theologies
and doctrines that have gathered
around it sinco its inception. This
has always been thc case since the
beginning of time, as any atudent of
comparative religion can see. The
ancient founder of Tnviain in China,
tho Zoroaster's, Hermes, the Lord
Buddha ,all have had the same difficulty in mnking tbe leas evolved
understand that religion, like everything olse, is a matter of evolution.
Jesus' told tho old Orthodox Jews
that His teaching of thc Cross was
only an advancement that was necessary. (Thc law ond the Prophets
were until John, but since that time
the Kingdom of Heaven is preached
and all men press into it.) Material
things have so crept into the religious observances, that thc temples
had been turned into nouses of merchandise; they devoured widows'
houseB and for pretexts mado all
sorts of excuses, even those of thc
rural population were so absorbed in
the customs of the times that the
Chirst had to remind them, that
they paid too much attention to the
| weather conditions, and not enough
to the evolution in religious thought.
His stinging rebukes to the parasites of his time, (Ve give men bur-
dons too grievous to bc bourne, and
will not touch them even with tho
tips of your fingers.) According to
these crystallized customs, even thc
man who had toiled all day out in
the fields, was made to come in, and
serve his master at table. This the
man of sorrows said ought to be reversed. Mr. Lansdell, in his letter
in an issue of The Federationist
states that his opinion is not favorable to Christianity, because the
meek-spirited who had been crushed
into this abnormal condition, by the
usages I have depicted, should be
blessed, surely Comrade Lansdell
would not have them, or those in
like circumstances, cursed under the
conditions prevailing at that time.
He also objects to the turning of
the other cheek buainess. This on
thc face of it does seem ridiculous,
but according to my own interprcta-
tion of these imperfect theories of
A brand of highly tailored Men's Clothes with an established
Thos. Foster & Co., Limited
the man Jesus (and known as the
Gospel). He is giving advice metaphorically, and we know that sometimes we have to stand a trouncing
from an ignorant man In order to
bring him to his senses. And we
feel sometimes that we can accomplish more for our ignorant comrades that way than any other.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Nearly five years have passed away since
I last .saw Vancouver bound for
Valcartier. Many and tragic are the
experiences which w« went through
in France and Belgium and German
Internment camps. I wonder how
many of that first Contemptibles
Canadian division is eon t Emanating
Canadian soil today. Very few and
at that forgotten. In a littlo while
we shall all be in thc past tense,
forgotten by those who reaped tho
plunder of the war, capitalistic war.
I wonder how many new millionaires
there arc in Canada at the present
time! I wonder if they ever think
how many graves there aro In Flanders and Belgium and German internment camps whilo they stayed
at home and reaped the reward and
revelled in luxury. Does their conscience never touch them as they
meet our poor deluded brave soldiers maimed, etc., ond widows and
children on thc. streets existing on
a mere pittance and sad to say again
which is a disgrace to this Dominion? Thousands of our returned sol-
soldiers walk our streets'in quest
of work. They say we hnve won
this war. I fail to see where that
comes in. The other fellow has won
it, not us. Again, as usual, we Canadians are out of bounds—buntings
and flags ore seen on our streets
with that magic device, "Welcome
to our brave soldiers,'' and we wonder. Welcome to what, mcthinks.
Starvation aiid 'slavery. They say
wc havo done our bit in winning this
wnr, and keeping this country free
from German Imperialism. We may
have dono so, yet true as a wise man
said two thousand years ago, "Romans, you have conquered this world
yet not one of you can say you own
one sod of it." The samo can bc
said of us, Canadian soldiers,
have fought in this war and helped
to win this war, yet wo don't own
a sod in thc whole Dominion. While
the other fellow who did not go or
got some good and easy commission
and no risks owns it nil. Some time
ago I saw in a Canadian paper a
complaint regarding the Canadian
officers not getting a good enough
reception on their roturn * Irani
France to London. Poor fellows,
they expected thc king to Wet
them. What a pity to disappoint
such a fine body of intelligence.
Such is the case,   whilo   the" real
many cases in -England timl
France he was made a criminal' t>y
these would-be demi gods iti( Itynl,
England. These officers themselves
were responsible for what ocWirrt&l,
by ordering men to take their lints
off to officers, bad food, etc., rtnA b'jit
of bounds, whilo theso inffimbus
characters could mix up in as much
filth as he wished. Some of thcra
did all in their power to foster Gorman Imperialism among Canadian
troops. Again' I took notico thot
many of them had good cushy jobs,
with nice juicy salaries. The same
I noticed has happened in Vancouver, etc. I wonder how many of
those fellows walk thc streets of
Vancouver looking for some miserable job in some cesspool of a camp,
sorry to say they don't havo to.
They are in a position to sell us
soldiers Innd somewhere in no-man's
land or in desert places while we
soldiers Btagger along like sheep
without a shophcrd. Aro we to wait
until the bread line and hunger
brings us to reason. We fought in
union in Flanders aa soldiers for
onc common aim, German Imperialism. Arc we to Btand quietly by and
have Cossiekism fastened on us.
Our towns uud villages through Canada aro overrun by the North West
Police. It can only mean ono thing
In a little while they will bc against
us if it be so it will be a disgrace
to modern civilization and an insult
to every man and woman aud an
everlasting reproach on our illnst-
rous dead. Then let' ub stand togothor united in ono grent brotherhood. Wc may not have the blood
of kings and few of us are of court
ly birth. None of us arc vagabonds.
nucn is rnc case, wniio me rut
horo of all, the despised private sol
dier, dios not get ony show-ac, all
In   many   cases   in   Englnnd   mc
The One Big Union
Editor B. C. Federationist: Now
that the referendum for the O. B.
U. is overwhelmingly in favor, one
matter of vital importance, viz., that
of representation to the convention
to be called for thc purpose of forming a constitution, should receive
consideration at this juncture.
The tentative proposal made at
Calgary that onc dolegato to evory
5,000 of membership is entirely inadequate for the purpose. For instance, Victoria on that basis would
not got moro than two delegates.
Ono can readily foracc that such
basis of representation will not permit of a clear exposition of- thc
workers' desiros. This will not give
the rank aud file the free and-full
expression of itt varying ideas which
is so essential in the eitablislltoent
of such a body as the O. B. t£. -
A larger representation will* teud
to eliminate any hostile criticism
that could be libelled at the ■.derisions of such a small delegation, and
whoBo findings therefore would iheet
with greater approval, and acceptance front thc rank and file. A- fnir
proposal would be onc delegaYc to
every 1,000 of membership, which
would give satisfaction to many1 who
have expressed dissatisfaction with
proposal above referred to. The
time ie now opportune to make suggestions, arising out of the preient,
and old forms hitherto existing, for
discussion in the formation of thc
constitution of the now.
One suggestion should bo mnde
(not for the first time by ahy means)
is that of uniform initiation fees,
and dues. This should commend itself -to all as there will be no per
capita going to maintain headquarters,, and other .deliberate bodies
whose only function Hitherto hat,
been to overlap in jurisdiction, and
whose results have been almost nill.
Not to mention loeal officials such
ub basinets agents, secretaries and
their assistants o nthe payrolls of
the various unions.
AH of which makes for high dues
and assessments it cannot be said
to have given satisfactory results.
Low dues will induce members to
come moro readily into the O. B. U.
Numbers being of greater importance than large treasuries.
In view of the industrial crisis
now upon us, another suggestion
worthy of consideration, is that of
carrying members While sick or unemployed, an'd not erasing them from
the books of the organization
through inability to pay dues.
The universal transfer card has
received much attention and is generally accepted. Judging by present conditions in the union movement complete local antonomy would
be a failure therefore it is most essential that in certain matters which
have a vital import at this stage
of the struggle, hard and fast rules
be laid down govorning the whole
organization in matters which at
present aro left entirely to local jurisdiction, and reflect the chaotic
state of the movement. Another im-'
portant question, and one that has
caused endless trouble iB tho foreman or boss in the union. The master-class interest is to exploit the
worker to the limit, the workers intorest lies in reducing, and finally
overthrowing exploitation, betwoen
theso two opposing forces stands the
boss, who, if he does not carry out
the masters' desires (namely, drive
tho slaves) is immediately replaced
by one who will. As tho lines of
demarcation are drawn more clearly
than ever before, it becomes evident that a worker who accepts such
a position from the master class,
ceases to have the same common interest on the industrial field as his
fellow slaves from the momont he
becomes a boss.
The 0. B. U. should compel any
member who accepts such a position to withdraw from it at least for
the time ho is functioning as such.
In conclusion thc above subjects arc
introduced not in any spirit of antagonism to the 0. B. V., but with
the idea of starting through the
agency of the Fed full aud free discussion of details in connection with
the new organization, so that thc
constitution framers may get some
idea of tho desires of the rank and
Better to thrash it out now than
waiting until tho draft is submitted,
and then find it contains thingB that
we didn* expect.
Victoria, B. C. M. A,
When The Eagle Giggled
When the eagle giggled in 1017,
Bill Jazzbo was staked to a junior
partnership in the walking department of Uncle Sam's overseas circus. He waa out- to make thc works
Bafe for democracy and Home
Guards. Bill paddled his dogs down
Tremont street between two rows of
cheering cuckoos who couldn't hear
the beaver bark unless it was on a
dollar bill. From his corns to his
army haircut, Bill was dolled up in
thc regulation O. D. pedestrian
trousseau. He wore a No. 7 boiler
on his skull and toted a trench piano
and accessories on his spinepiecc.
Bill weighed about 792 pounds
trenchside in his hobnailed feet, of
which 178 pounds wero Bill. The
rest was garnishings. Something like
a steak en casserole. Bill didn't
know exactly what it was all about
but ho knocked so many Jerries
loose from their lifo insurance that
they pinned enough medals on his
chest to balance thc load on his
back. This made Bill look like a
sandwich man for a hardware factory.
About this time Jerry figured that
he had a blouseful and took it on thc
loop for the old home plate. Bill had
one Hipper shot away and had lost
all thc legs that a guy can conveniently spare. Ho hod been laid up
with ptomaine poisoning from biting
a Jerry in the neck, which earned
him another yard of medal pieces.
Bill wasn't vicious, but anything
wns a change from the 0. D. army
boa ns.
In order to save Bill's thumb, the
army surgeon had amputated his little finger at thc elbow, but Bill figured that there was just enough of
him left to hold his old job down
whon ho again parked his hobspiked
dogs on thc Union Jack real estate
of tho city and vicinity. Tho beavor
had giggled with a choruB by thc
entire company and Bill was coming
Btill Screaming
Coming up the bay, a herd of tugboats whistled in eight colors and
pink. Tho same cuckoos who had
cheered Bill east were there to cheer
him west. They wined him and
cheered him and dined him and
cheered him.
Bill was wondering about his old
job, but nobody could stop cheering
him long enough to put him hep.
Everybody chcored themselves dizzy
but Bill couldn't figure where things
had changed much since he anklcd
down the big highway two years
ago. They were still doing thc cheering and he was still doing the walking.
Jobbed Ont of the Old Job
When they mustered Bill out they
slipped him enough kale to take him
home, provided that he didn't live
more than a nickel away. Bill walked up the old street and lifo was
just one cheer after another, with
another ehcer in between. He asked
a traffic cop the way to his old building and tne top gave him three
chcerB but no directions.
Bill figured you couldn't get fat
on cheers until some bird invented a
method of harnessing acoustics. He
finally dug up the old building and
walked up thirty-sis flights of stairs
as the elevator boy was out cheering a parade. When ho flatwhcelcd
into the office the boss got up on thc
mezzanine floor of his desk and
cheered Bill dizzv.
Bill tried to ask for his old job
buck, but all the boss would give
him was three cheers,
The eagle was still screaming, but
Bill wos wishing ho would stop the
Caruso stuff and lay a few eggs.
Cheers That Don't Cheer
After thc office force had cheered
him on his way, Bill popped into
two hundred and sixteen other of
floes, but all he got was a complete
set of cheers. Bill hoofed it down
Tremont street, puffing like a mule
trying to do a locomotive's work.
Bill had made the world safo for
everybody but himself. — Boston
Brussels! -fif|gium.—Employees of
banks and insurhncjj companies went
on a 24-hour strike iii support' ot
their demands for a general better-
meat of working conditions. All tho
banks wero closed.
Arc You Ready to Change Your Underwear ?
We have made every provision to furnish you with the kind of
Summer underwear you prefer. You can hardly imagine a more perfect
or more representative stock than this.
Balbriggan underwear i* of most importance beoause
more men wear this kind. You can have a good two-thread
kind for as low as 7(ty a garment.   Combinations, $1.50.
Penman's natural and white balbriggan, fl.00 a garment.   Combinations, 92.00.
"Zimmerknit" light weight balbriggan, short sleeve and
knee length. Sella for 8*it) a garment.
White mesh underwear of Zimmerknit: make is a
very nice line at 7(ty a garment. Zimmerknit white
porous is another at the same priee.
"Delpark" Athletic Underwear will appeal to men
who like their underwear loose fitting. Made of a fine
white naincheek. Single garments, 75^; combinations, $1.50.
We also have Tooke's aud W., 6. & R. Athletic
Combinations in different styles, at prices 81.50, 82,
$2.25 and $3.25,
David Spencer, Limited
Wages $7 for Sight Hours
Washington.—The now wage scale
effective May 1 for the 5,000 members of the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners of this eity
and Alexandra, Va., fixed by the
district council of that organization
some time ago and just made public, will be 87# cents an hour, or
♦7 for an eight-hour day.
Tho old wage scule under which
these skilled mechanics huve been
working sinco the war period began
was 75 cents an hour, or $0 a day.
So far as could be ascertained all
the contractors have either signed
the new scale or else will agree to
pay the same when it becomes effective.
Hamilton, Canada. — After nine
days' idleness the painters and decorators won thcir strike for increased wages and an eight-hour day.
Tho increase is 71-2 cents per hour,
making tho new scale 521-2 eents
Thc men have been endeavoring for
years to attain the shorter hour day.
Tor Bent at 532 Prior St.—First-
class cabin apartments, furnished
for housekeeping, except bodding
and utensils; inside sinks, and electric light. This is a clean and quiet
place, suitable for men who can afford to pay a little higher rate than
is charged for some cabin apartments.
Vancouver Unions
ecu tive committee: Preaident, E.
Winch; vice-president, J. Kavanagh;
treaiurer, F. Knowles; sergi-ont-at-aniis,
W. A. Alexander; trustees, W. A. Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell, G. Hardy, H. Gutteridge; aeeretary, V. R. Midgley, Room
210 Labor Temple.
cil—Meets second Monday In tha
month. Preaident, J. F. McConnell; aeeretary, R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 6ft,
tlonal Union ot America, Local No.
120—Meets aecond and fourth Tuesdays
In the month, Room 205 Labor Temple.
President, C. E. Herrltt; secretary, 8. H.
Grant, 820 Cambie Street.     _______
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers ot
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meeta evory Monday, 8 p.m. President,
M. A. McEachern, 1245 Altiernl St.; secretary-treasurer, Angus Fraser, 1151
Howe Street; business agent, J. A.
Moore, Room 212 Labor Temple.
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
—Moeta aecond and fourth Mondays.
President Jas, Hastings; financial aeeretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 1546
12th Ave. East.  __
Loeal No. 617—Meets every aecond
and fourth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. President, M. McKensle; secretary, J. R. Campbell; business
agent and financial secretary, T. Thom,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
213—MeetB at 440 Pender Street
Weat, every Monday, 8 p.m. President, H. H. Woodside. 440 Pender W.;
recording secretary, W. Foulkes, 440 Pender Stroet West; financial seoretary and
business agent, E. H- Morrison,- 440
Pender Street West; assistant secretary,
F. R, Burrows. 	
ployees, Local 28—Meeta every flrat
Wedneaday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In the month
" "" p.m. President, Harry Wood;
secrotary and business agent, W. Mackensle, offlce and meeting hall, 614 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlce
hours:   11 to 12 noon; 2 to 5.	
ers' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Tomple. President, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apts., Burrard Street;
secretary-treasurer, D. J. Snelt, 916
Dunsmuir Street.
iTC. LOGGERS' UNION—Afflliated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancourer Trades and Labor Council—
An Industrial union nf all workers In
logging and conatructlon camps. Headquarters, 81 Cordova Street Wost, Vanconver, B. 0. Phone Sey, 7856. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Maedonald & Co., Vancouver,   B.  C.;   auditors,   Messrs. "Blittar
_ Chiene, Vancouver, B. 0.
Association, Local 8862—Office and
halt, 804 Pender Street West. Meeti
first and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, G. Thomas; business
agent, A. Hill.
Butcher Workmen's Union No, 648—
Meets first and third Tuesdays of each
month, Lahor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; recording aeeretary, Fred
Lilly; flnanclal secretary and business
ageut, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer St.
North America (Vaneoaver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, J. Banforth, Euclid An., Colllngwood East; finanoial secretary and business agent, H. S. Nlghtscales, 276—56th
Ave, East, South Vancouver; recording
secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point
Grey Road.   Phone Bayview 2979L.
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 8SA,
Series 5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, S p.m.
President, John Bully; financial* iecretary, M. A. Phelps; business agent and
corresponding seeretary, W. Lee. Offlce,
Room 219-220 Labor Temple,
and Operating Engineers, Local No.
620—Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Temple. President, Dave Hodge,
677 Richards Street, City; vice-president,
Frank Hunt, 1922 Second Avenne West;
secretary-treasurer and buslnesi agent,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216 Labor Temple,  Phono' Seymour 7495,
Street and electric railway
Employee!, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meeti A. 0; F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and Srd Mondaya at S p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording iecretary, A. V. Lofting, 2861 Trinity Street,
phone High. 168R; treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; financial secretary and business
agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive,
offlee corner Prior and Main Street!.
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetinga held
flrst Monday la eaeh month, 8 p.m. President, Joseph O'Connor; vice-president
A. Beamlah; recording secretary, Mrs.
F. A. Dolk, P. 0. Box 508. Phone
Sey,   828IL;   financial   iecretary,   Robt.
McNeish, P. 0._ Box 508. 	
feur'i   Union,   Local   No.   655—Meeti
every 2nd and 4th Wednesdays  8 p.m.
President, W. M. Brown; business agent,
F. Haslett, 185 Fifteenth Avenue Ii
financial iecretary, Birt Showier, 1
Robion Street; -phone Sey. 8671. 0
887 Homer Street,
WMGRAPHiCAl   tfM<W   ttc
  „.„.. -... m
Meeta last Sunday ot each month ,
2 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Jordan; vie
president, W. H. Youhill; secretar
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 68.
Provincial Unions
in annual convention in January. ■
ecutlve officers, 1911-19: Preside*
Duncan McCallum, tabor Temple, Vfij
couver; vice-presidents-*-Vancouver I
land. Walter Head, South Welliogtoi
Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince Rupert, V
E. Thompson; Vancouver, I. Winch, V
R. Trotter; New Westminster, f. Pu
Mm; West Kootenay, Marcus Martii
Nelson; Crow'a Nest Pan, W. A. she
man, Fernle. Secretary-treasurer, A, I
Weill, Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir Bt
Vancouver, B, 0,
and Labor Council—Meeti flnt an
third Wedneadaya, Knights of Pythli
Ball, North Park Street, at • p.m. Prei
dent, B. Simmons; viee-proaidtnt, 1
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Chrlatla
Slverti, P. p. Boa 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Local union, No. m>, ti. U. ei \.~
Meets fint Sunday in efsrr month
P.m., Richard Hall. President, Jai. Bat
man; vice-president, Andrew Parker; n
cording aeeretary. Jas. fearon; flnancli
secretary, William MacDonald; treasure;
J. H. Richardson.
ers, Local 1777—Meets first and tfalr
Mondays In I. 0. O. F. Hall, Lower Kiet
Road Eaat, at 8 p.m. President, H. 1
Foster; financial secretary, W. C. Smltl
cor. Sotherlanfi and Kieth Road Eh
North Vancouver.
bor Council—Meets second and fourt
Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters
Ha)). President, W. E. Thompson; set
retary, Geo. Rudderkam, Box 278, Print
Rupert, B. 0.
Get ready for the
holiday by getting
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IDEAL GARMENTS for country as well as
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Made from heavy black denim, cut large and
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All sizes, Regularly $4.60 for.......: -JpO.oO
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Men'i Hatttti ud OutfltUn
830 Otun-fUl. Stnet
61* HmUuci Stmt Wot
Phon. Bey. 211     D«jr or Night
Nunn, Thornton ft Olegg
031 Homer St, Vancouver, B. O,
Named Shoei.are frequently mads
ln Non-union factoriei
 ... No matter what its name, unless
raClOiy J     it bears a plain and icadable im-
"\^"^^      prcssion of this UNION STAMP.
AU Shoes without the UNION STAMP are always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse 'or Absence of the Onion Stamp
TORN F. TOBIw, President CHAS. L. BAINE, Sec.-Treas.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
1001 MAIN STREET Phone Sey. 210
Since the second Bussian rerolu-1'view of the propertied cites. 'What
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only bc procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
-—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
tion, of November, 1W7, the word
Bolshevism has passed into every
language. But of the thing almost
nothing it known, outside Bussia.
The word has become a bogey to
frighten the public, and prevent
them from enquiring why the Allied
governments are intervening by
foroe in. the internal affairs of a
country with which they ar. not
evon formally at war. Of the thing,
we know nothing that th. censorship ean prevent our knowing. Passports are refused to independent observers, anxious to investigate on
the spot. Communications from cor*
reBpondonts in Bussia are held up
unless they confirm the view which
the governments have decided to disseminate. Bolshevism is ' to be a
bogey. And anyone who questions
this simple assumption ia to be
branded aa a Bolshevist himself.
In this atmosphere of ignorance
and passion it may be worth while
to,draw counsels sf caution from a
similar situation more than a hundred year's ago. The French revolution had broken eut, and after the
first momenta of enthusiasm, had
entered upon the tragic phase which
no revolution has escaped. The
classes dispossessed by the new
movement flocked abroad with their
grievances, and found a ready ear
with governments controlled by people like thomsolves and naturally
sympathetic to woes by which they,
too, were in danger* of being overwhelmed. The emigres captured the
sympathies of the governing classes,
and a European crusade waa preach.
ed( against revolutionary Franco.
Thi. armed intervention precipitated a tyranny in the invaded country, and was the direct cause of
what is known as the Terror. And
the Terror, in turn, gave the enemies of France an excuse for denouncing her as the enemy of Ood
and man. In vain a small minority
of sane and liberal men endeavored
to step th. tide of execration. What
history was to look back upon as a
great and beneficiont movement, regenerating a decent world, appeared to contemporaries (as Bolshevism now appears to Mr. Churchill), to be nothing better than a
"foul baboonery," And in this orgy
of passion the British led tho way.
Incapable, then as always, pursuing,
through a cloud of sentiment, a
shrewd policy of national aggraud
iwmont, exploited for thoir own
purposes the popular mood they had
created. France was crushed, and
England, victorious but unregoner-
ated, sank baek into ono of tho poorest, meanest, most unhappy periods
of her history. The breath of lifo
which renewed the continent of Europe, passed her by. Sho had loarn-
ed nothing, and forgotten nothing.
Between, that pieco of history and
what is now passing our eyea there
are analogies to which it may be
useful to attond. The movemont
called Bolshevism is plainly an inspiration. Like the French revolution, it fills its, adherents with
passionate devotion and an energy
of propaganda before which bourgeois government tremble. But it is
a movoment, like its predecessor,
which spoils ruin to the classes it
has dispossessed. It is the first attempt in history, on n large scale
and under competent leadership to
establish that economic equality
which is the ideal of all Socialism.
And it has treated tho owners of
property with as little consideration
as they have shown to Bolshevists
whenever they have rocovcrod power. Like the emigres of old, the
classes dispossessed have turned for
aid to foreign governments. And
these, recruited like themsolves,
from tho propertied class, und identifying civilization with the social
ordor by which tlicv* profit, havf offered them in full measure sympathy and material aid. In Finland, in
the Ukraine, at Archangel, in Siberia, they hnvo supported, in every
way they could, any movement, any
government, nnd any methods which
niight sorvo to overthrow the dreaded idea. Their intervention as formerly in France, precipitated a dictatorship and a Terror. And the dictatorship and the Terror wore then
used to iuflnmt* passion agninst the
movoment. Yet, by a curious irony,
a dictatorship and a Torror has been
supported by thc Allies, whenever it
has been white not red. The government of Admiral Koltchak is a
militant autocracy which has destroyed every shadow of representative institutions. The government of
Finland, after an orgy of massacro
outdoing tho worst done by the Hods
holds in prison all the elected representatives of tho workers and the
Socinlists. Yet, these governments,
and .very suoh government in Russia, are in high fnvor with tho Allies. It is not Terrorism in itself
that thoy object to. It is Terrorism
in thc working class.
All this is natural enough, if not
vory edifying, from  thc point of
might surprise ua il the measure of
endorsement it ha. received from ihe
mass of th. people. But that nasi,
ln England, is now, at it was a
hudnred years ago, ignorant, sentimental, th. slave of phrases and
words. Th. pros. gar. the Bolsh.-
viks a bad name, and the people
hung them. Once mor. a world-historic movement, of enormous range,
complexity, and importance has
beed handled by th. British as if
it were a mutiny of naughty schoolboys. And it will be only by tho
skin of our teeth that we escape, if
we do escape, a new war on an enormous scale to destroy, in a country, formally at least, neutral, a government and a social system, which
a growing body of evidence suggests iB winning if it has not already won, the allegiance of the
mass of the people.
To say this, is not to say that
Bolshevism is admirable, or that in
its present form it will and ought
to be finally imposed on the Bussian people.. Thos. who hate violence in every form must condemn
its use in revolution as much as in
wat. lte lift w« jharacteria. the
potior « starving oat tke resisting
and tk* latetlMfual .lasses if ft
hai bean pursued, as other than an
aet ol malign folif*. Sut th. supreme right sf .ritltum ahd -sf to-
sistence belongs not ts ul but to
•*•: Bussian people. Terrorism and
violence an. no mor. the essence
of Bolshevism than they ar. of thi
wench revolution. They ar. phase.
that must pus. Th. movement produce, them and swallows thom again.
Hetent reports filtering through with
■difficulty, and boycotted by th.
■greater part of th. press, seem to
show that the Bolshevik government
oven under the desperate conditions
ft whooh they have been reduced
fly the blockade are accomplishing
a considerable feat of re-organization. Apparently the European governments themselves have begun to
doubt the wisdom, and even the possibility, of the policy they have been
so long and so disastrously pursuing. The working class,'too, seems
to be shaking off tho hypnotism of
words and coming to see that what
their governments ar. fighting ia
not a group of assassins, but, in fact,
tbe Bussian people. It may yet be
possible, by making peace with the
Bolshevist, to make peaco in the
wprld. But poace on any other terms
ia impossible.—Th« Nation, London.
To Mr. Lloyd Georgo
From Mesopotamia
A Scathing Criticism of the Ruling Class
:Canada food Board:
: uc.ni. e-isM ;
Right Here
is whero you savo moro money—get
hotter quality and the bettor sorvice.
BUTTEB—Fresh churned Dairy
Buttor, per Hi 55'c
EGGS—Gathered fresh
evory day; per dozen	
made, lb.'	
CHEESE—Finest matured
Canadian Cheese, lb	
Ginger Snaps, fresh made,
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APRICOTS-Large tins,
PINEAPPLE—Large tins
for' .......,..._._..	
SALMON—Choice Spring
Salmon, tall tins, 2 for.
Speeial, 2 lbs,'	
Fresh   and   Cured   Meats
Seasonably Prlc-Kt
S. T. Wallace's
[By A. Chilton Brook, in the Manchester Guard inn]
I wai present at a labor meeting^ or talked freely to a Socialist work-
a a little south-country (own tht
other day, when a discussion sprang
up about' the conscience and the intelligence of the rich. One spoakor
said they wore clever, at least their
leaders wore, for they found a new
red-herring at ovory election. Thia
time it was "Make Germany pay,
and hang the kaiser."  Next time
it would be something else. "Anyhow, we are had every time," he
said, But another speaker said he
knew something of the  rich, and
they were not clever, though thoy
had some animal cunning. '' If thoy
wore clever they would have given
us enough to satisfy ua years ago,
for we are easily satisfied; but they
were too stupid and ignorant to do
tbat." Neithor of the speakers was
a "Bolshevik," nor was it a meeting of Bolsheviks, but of ordinary
working men of the Home Counties,
and it was interesting to hear them
say what  they really   thought    or
felt. But it was not pleasant to realize the gulf between them and the
well-to-do, and I wished that some
more of my own class were prosent
to hoar thom.   But of courso none
wore. They don't turn out at night
to go to labor mootings; if thoy go
to meetings at all, it is to thoso of
their own party, whero they hoar
what they expect to hear and -suppose there is no answer to it. Nor
do they read labor papors; they get
their version of what labor thinks
and fools from thoir  own  papers,
owned and written by  their  own
class, and their politieal economy,
if thoy havo any, from book written by their  own claas.   The two
worlds have no -dealings with each
other except in the matter of business and charity, and they are di
vided from each other by both. The
more a working man   thinks,    the
more he lives in his own world, with
hia own prophets and heroes, his owu
aims and values; and every year this
world !b becoming more real to him
and more distinct from that of the
well-to-do, who nre not even curious
to know what he thinks and desires
and loves and hates.
The English upper class, for the
most part, believe that they know
about .-politics   and   political    ©con-
omp by instinct. For them thero is
not one case and another ease, but
a set of facts which they have grasped and of which the working classes
are ignorant. How could it be otherwiso, aince the working clasa lack
the leisure and education which they
possess! If they arc well disposed
towards labor thoy thing it ought
to be instructed ao that it may know
what they know. But meanwhile la*
bor,  at least  tho  more intelligent
part of it, has been instructing itself in another   school   altogether,
and with the aim not of defending
tho status quo but of attacking it,
Labor has no desire to be instructed
by the educated classes, because it
thinks they are not educated. Where
it can test their knowledge, in matters, that most closely concern itself,
it finds that thoy are ignorant both
of fact, and of theories. Thoy know
nothing of the  housing    question;
they do not even know what kind
of house the working man wants;
they know nothing of what he wants
of why he wants it.   And when it
comes to theories  thoy  talk about
the perpetual struggle between the
haves and the have-nots, or say that
capital and labor uro both necessary
to oach other. Thc working man is
pust that proposition; he is asking
whether the capitalist is necessary
to him; aud he no lunger bclievos
that people of leisure, by reason of
thoir superior culture and knowledge
perform a   valuable   function.    Ue
knows what artists think of the rich
man'a taste in art; he begins to look
at our public buildings, our refined
entertainments,  the  clothes of our
fashionable ladies even, and he sees
that plutocracy has failed in art, as
Morris said it waa bound to do. He
believes thut it has failod in everything. It has not even produced intelligent plutocrats; it cannot defend itself because it does not know
the case ngainst itself. In fact, from
every,source hia rage ia fed and becomes more and more   a    religious
rage,  Not only his interests but his
deepest values feed it; besides injustice, plutocracy meana to him ugliness, futility, faithlessness; and tho
more be thinks and feels, the more
it means all theae to him.
But of these facte the rich remain
for the most part ignorant.    They
talk of unrest among the workera aa
if it were the unreet of a dog searching for fleas, and they are unaware
that the working man Is beginning
to despise thom more than he envies
thom.  But since they have leisure
and are supposed to have education,
and ainee tney justify their good
fortune on the ground that thoir education and loisuro make them valuable to society, it is their duty, at
leaat, to master the cane of labor,
if only so that they may know how
to answer it.   At preaent most of
them, if thoy try to answor it at all,
answer a ease whioh they imagine
for themselves. If anyone who reads
thia thinks it unjust; I would ask
hia how often he hae been to a labor meeting, or read a labor paper,'
Tou cannot learn any case from
the opponents of it, or even from
vague, sentimental sympathisers
with it. The working man will tell
you that he knows where the ahoe
pinches, and you do not; he knowe
how the mass of people live in thie
country and you do not; he knows
what they want and you do not, And
if you tell him that no more can be
done than has been done he will disagree with you. As for the political
economy which you learned, or
didn't loarn, in your youth, it is nothing to-him. He has a political
economy of hii own which he probably knows better than you know
yours. Tell him that the rights of
capital are based on the abstinence
of the capitalist, and he will tell you
that it is.the workers who do the
abstaining and the capitalist who
profits by it. Talk to him about the
rights of proporty, and he will refer
you to two books by tho Hammond
"The Town Labourer" and "The
Village Labourer,'' and will ask yon
whother you think the facts related., iu those books prove that the
ncli have had any respeet for the
property of the poor. And you, if
you are an ordinary member of tho
prosperous clasa, will have to answer
ttat, you have not read them. Wo
knpw how the orthodox used to
guard themselves against doubt by
not 'Vending anything the doubters
wid; and how thoy uaed to be satisfied with arguments which assumed
tfieir'ignorance -of the other aide,
but their will-to believo in the account1 of creation given in the Book
oideneaU waa respectable compared with our will-to-believe in the
ryruteouanesB of our own prosperity.
Vfo may say with reason that If we
sold all that wo have and gavo to
tho,; pour we should really be giving
to the rich; but if we are not goiug
to do anything heroic like that, we
can at least be at aome pains to
know what tho caso uf the poor is.
Economists havo told ua that we can
do nothing for them, but if wc were
poor giirselvos should wc tnke it for
granted that tho economists were
right! AH through the ages mun
haa beon subject to error, Is it likoly that the economists alone of all
men are free from it! And, if wo
assume thoy are, is it not because
they make us feot comfortable! Besides, there are other economists
who Bay that something oan be done,
but thev are unorthodox, liko the
Modernists, und so we do not rend
them; in fact, wc do not know thoir
names. We aro content with our
case as we know it, and it is just
this contentment, which ho calls ignorance, that exasperates tho working man. He believes that if we had
all oxorcised our wits seriously upon
lho state of tho nation we ahould
have made it botter.than it is. He
believes that we do not exercise our
wits upon it because we know that
if wo did wc should be forced by
our conscience to mako unpleasant
sacrifices, and we cannot aay that
he is wrong until wo havo tried.
Nawspapcrs Call Attention to Workers Needs for Decent Life
London, Eng.—Tho recent threatened atriko of miners and railway
men has been averted, but the crisis
has driven home to thc English people the power of the wnrkers when
they unite on thc industrial Held.
Keyw-ld 's Newspaper is not u
trade union publication, but the oditor faces fuels in discussing this
"The result of the negotiations
which hnve gone on for the last few
weeks,'" ho says, "has made clear
twoJthings. The first is the powor
of * really well-orgnnizcd trnde
unions; the second is thc value of
tlW strike weapon. By the threat of
a'strike, and iu nu other way, havo
tiui miners and tho railway mon got
"Beforc tho war we were content
as a people to seo railwny men working* for 18 shillings a week, and
even; highly skilled men in responsible*'positions being grossly underpaid.- At thut time, too, the wages
of-the miners were on the average
only, .n little over 30 shillings a
.WiU any sane-minded man as-
Wli" that if thore had been some
means by which minera and railway
mea could bc prevented from striking they would have got what they
now got!
"We hopo that, by Wbitloy councils and othor moans, the dangor of
dislocations of industry by strikes
will paas away. But the workers
oan never be sure that it wilt wholly
pais as long as they have not iu reserve the power to withdraw their
labor as n final resort.
In a community conscious of the
right of every working man to a
decent wage, there should never be
any need to strike, for tho common
sense of the community would see
that no injustice was meted out to
any of its members, Tho principle
we huve just admitted in the ease of
railway men nud minera must be ex-
There'a « rotten show called Hoe
Where lade Movo fought aal died—
Disease has been a terror,
And will not be denied.
Oar lade baro faced all dangers,
Incompetency as well;
When hospital* were strangers,
And mea died on they fell
The burning sun had scorched them,
And some have gone atark man;
While thousands  sleep their   lut
'Twixt Basrah and Baghdad.
Now the war is won and over;
We are waiting to depart—
Tou have no snips to take us,
So you leavo us in the eart.
We muat stay and guard this coun-
-   try
For which we've toiled and slaved;
Then you'll give us a "medal"
For the way wo have behaved.
Tou know that we gain nothing
For all our sacrifice-
It'a just our great financiers
Who'll rako in all the "pice."
Now listen while I toll you
Of "Tommy's',' point of view,
For we aro nearly fed up,
And wrangling makes ua "spew."
We signed on for duration,
And aix months after that;
Not for a blinking life time,   '
Our job is not ao fat.
Why should we still remain here
To guard this rotten land,
While others stay in "Blighty"
Who've never lent a hand!
If we gained what we've fought for
It wouldn't bo bo bad;
But we are out of pocket;
Do" you wonder that we're mad!
Our lives are being ruined,
Our jobs are gone to pot,
Our loved ones simply waiting,
While we stop here and rot.
Tou cannot keep your promise
To demobilise in six,
So we are made to suffer
Because you are in a fix,
We'vo done all you have asked us,
And still you aak for more;
Tou've ate most all the apple,
And now you want the core.
Tou chant "Bo patriotic!"
Tou've got some blooming hopes
Whon you strike a man whose fallen,
And knock him through the ropes,
One of the crowd.
tended to all other workera. The
guiding line must be that until all
have a chanee of a decent life, with
well-nourished bodies and well-nourished minds, nobody has a claim to
an excess of the general wealth produced by the community. This will
seem a hard saying to those who
have hitherto looked upon it as a
right that tbey should be privileged
above their fellows; bnt mors and
more will it become the principle
upon which tke state is guided in
the future. With a Labor government in power, it would certainly
become the dominant principle of
Send your old address with your
heir one when making a change.
3! boaotlf.l tiat. to ctooa. treee.   ton*-* in t-
lb. paeketi, nadjr t. uh. /_f_
ter. paekag. ~™___JO0C
10 color, in bulk, per Ib.  loe
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.'
Houatoa, Tcias—Publii aekod
teachers are orgaaiting and will affiliate with the trade union movement.    Uniona of this calling now!
«ii»t in Austin, Galveston and Denison, this state, and Dallas and San
Antonio teachers are -discussing or-
Are You Coming
Madri Gras—The
Rollicking, Fun-
Making Joy
Minimum Wage Board
Province of Britiah Columbia
OTICE is heroby given, that
pursuant to Chapter SO of too
Statutes of 1018, being the
Minimum Wage Act," a public
meeting will bo held at the Court
House, Oeorgia Street, in the City
of Vancouver, on Wedneaday, May
88th, 1911), nt 10 a.m., for the purpose of hearing any person interested in the establishment of a minimum wage and hours nud conditions
of labor for women engaged in tho
"Public Housekeeping Occupation,"
which iucludcs tho work of waitresses, attendants, housekeepers,
jauitress.es, cooks and kitchen help
in hotels, restaurants, tea-rooms, Ice*
cream parlors und light lunch
stands, and the work of chamber-
maids in hotels, lodging houses and
apartments, and thc work of all female elevator operators in tho Province of Hrhihh Columbia.
A cordial invitation to be present
extended to all those who desire
to bo heard on the above question
beforo a minimum wnge and houra
nnd conditions of labor aro determined.
Minimum Wage-Board for the Province of British Columbia,
J. D. McNTVEN, Chairman,
Victoria, B. C, Mnv 10, 1019.
Saves 50 per cent, on your Shoe Purchases
Everything must be sold—lease sold to W. J. Moore, who wants possession as soon as possible, so we've got to hurry, and have marked everything away down for a speedy clearance.
Ladies' Sea Island and Canvas Boots in great variety,
going at, per pair. _.    * •
Men's GoodJ-ear Welted Shoes, values up to $7.50.
Going for, per pair.   _	
Men's $10.00 and $12.00 Boote, Going out at,
per pair   _
This Is a Sample of the Reductions, and They're Going Fast
eleventh tear. No. .i    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vawxtover, b. a
„.M«7   83, 101
Good Clothes!
r«OOD clothes don't' make
" the man, but they're
mighty handy in getting a
hearing. Nowadays the man
who really counts is the one
who makes the "ghost walk."
You'll get results, action, if
you're dressed attractively—
see our Good Clothes at
$25 $30 $35
$40 $45
-"Union Made" Clothes
that wear— ;
Ccpynfht 1919 Hart Sctaffi cr Sc tout
4 Mnrx
Economic Conditions Determines What is
At the Columbia on Sunday night,
Comr.de Jack McMillan, of th.
Painters and Decorators' Union, took
the chair and briefly announced Dr.
W. J. Curry to speak on "The
Morals of the Master Clau "—drily
adding, ".such as they are."
Dr. Curry remarked that morality
wa. all a matter of viewpoint; "no
doubt they ar. just as moral as we
are from their own point of view."
. Morality implied relationship—
"hoff you treat your follow-men;"
but what was considered moral by
•eMjdaM was considered immoral by
tke other. Man was a product of
eivironintnt and herodity; and
heredity' waa nothing but the en
rlrojunMt of oa.'. ancestors.
*t wa. now a question of ignor-
aac. and do.tr.etiM on th. one
hud or intelligence aad the cooperative commonwealth on the
other—the new social order or social death.    They had arrived at
a point where there was class antagonism, not only on the industrial
field, but on the intellectual as well.
The Mosaic low of the "ten commandments" was given to the Jews,
who had-been living like beasts,
with no more knowledge of social
relationships than the animals in
tho forest. The commandments
wore based on property—something
so new to the Jews that Jehovah
and th. "burning bush" had to be
brought in to give force to these
commands. The status of woman
wae that of a piece of property,
along with the beasts of burden.
After giving the command, "Thou
shalt not kill," Jehovah himself
sent Joshua and othors to warfare"
worse than that of thc old Kaiser;"
the virgins thus captured wero
given to the soldiers—all to give
force to the idea of property, tho
thing tho church stood for today.
That was why they .id not liko the
Bolsheviki, as being "against religion." (Applause.)
Bight along, it was economic in*
t.rest that gave divergent ideas of
right and wrong—of moral and immoral. The sinking of tho Lusitania waa probably, from the Oer*
man viewpoint, a line act; so, from
th. Allies' viewpoint, was the block-
ad. by whieh thousands of Germans
war. destroyed for want'of food.
Tne speaker added, howovor, ."If
I'm going to kill children, I think
I'd rather drown them than starve
them to death." (Hear, "hear.)
The teaching of the churches was
Where Can You Buy Better Shoes
At These Prices?
Men's Walking Boots
Blaek or tan solid leather throughout, and guaranteed.
Regular *6.50.
Speeial _	
Men's Fine Shoes
Seal snappy styles, black or tan calf uppers and leather
or Neolin soles.  Many lasts to d>/» QC
choose from.   Beg. $9.00.   Speeial ...•?"••'•*■'
Boys' Shoes
Real solid Shoes for school wear, made on a good last and
guaranteed to wear.   Sises 1 to *>\_. 09 QC
Special apOtVD
Brine your Shoe Repairs hen.  We guarantee the material anil workmawhip.
Pierre Paris
Boot and Shoe Manufacturers, 64 HASTINOS WEST
Ont Door West of Columbia Theatre
Phone Seymour 4716
We believe in a
"square deal" (or
—we're willing to gire you credit—and not
charge you for the accommodation.
When It comei to getting a new init—we know you don't ilwwjri htT-t
U# Cfttfa lived up for lt—yo-i'rs paid by the dsy or the week—snd don't
ftl your pay until yoar work ii done.
Werkiei -aitef mail line*—many of you often go without a new nit
-jrb-fli yo* know you nwd it.
We give you a rait on the pay-as-you-wear plan. A
MBftll eaah depoelt and tha baUfioo In amall amounts
on oach pay day—aa your circumstances permit.
Oa this bMll of doing buineie we ask yon to look over our line of
PgHaw-jait h good *a you'll ftnA—good style—good material—good work-
fteaiMp--—offered at j«at ai reasonable prlcea ai you'll be offered ehe-
gfctn aa a cash bMli.
842 HASTINGS ST. W. (Near Homer)
as much opposed to the gospel of
the Nazarene as were Bolshevism
and capitalism to each other. The
morality of the early Christians was
in conflict with the morality of their
day. "There can be no co-operation between the Hon and the lamb
their modes of getting a living bto
too antagonistic. So. the working
class know the capitalists are their
enemies today.'' (Applause.) If the
Nazarene were here, .hia language
would be more conflicting with the
religion of today than even that of
tho Bolshoviki.   (Applause.)
The theological stress had been
placod on belief, whereas the teachings of Jesus laid it on right relationship, as in the story of the Oood
Samaritan and that of the Rich Man
an Lazarus. Tho "great gulf fixed"
betwoon these two latter showed thc
"class consciousness" of Jesus'
doctrine; tho morality of the early
Christians conceded with the morality of the working class today, aud
was in conflict with ruling class morality thon as now.
Tho basic factor of .' economic interest '_' was again exemplified in the
United States in thd matter of chattel-slavery, which is required a sacrifice of -500,000 lives to abolish. In
1830, the Methodists were poor; they
had no chattel slaves, and so thoy
protested against slavery as being
against the Golden Bule. Twenty
yeara later they had slaves of their
own, and so chattel-slavery- was a
divine institution; God himself commanded it. "And so He did," the
speaker added. Accordingly, the]
Mothodist church went on record as
opposed to the abolition of chattel
Economic interest likewise determined the ruling class opposition of
today; they were "doing what they
must do." But nfter all, there was
something greater than classes, viz.:
humanity. If they harmonized economic interests, they could have one
universal religion. In standing for
the common ownership of the means
of production, they were really acting in the interests of the capitalist himself—to transform him into
a useful member of society.
The speaker repeated that it was
now a choice between Socialism and
social death. Had it been possible
for the early Christians to put in
practico the industrial democracy,
then Rome would not have died. The
only thing that could prevent chaos
now was a knowledge of society.
They were going to seize political
power, and then take thc means of
production. As to the objection that
one class would rule over thc other,
the speaker asked, "What have we
nowl" (Laughter.) Thej were going to destroy. the capitalist—the
parasite—but save the man. With
the socialization of the means of
wealth, tho world would bc a fit
place to live in.
After several question had been
replied to. Dr. A. 'McKay Jordan
took thc platform and declared that
"after this movoment has been consummated, the groat White Plague
will disappear," He stopped short,
however, ou thc expiration of his
five minutes, although urged to
"Go uhead;  give us somo more."
Ex-Soldiers' and Sailors'
Labor Council of Canada
Vancouver Local No, X
, This recently formed ex-service
man's organization in going strong,
and daily applications for membership are being handed to the secretary, 61 Cordova Street West.
Fully 90 per cent, of those who
took part in the great scrap for democracy, pseudo though it may be,
were of the working class, and filled to overflowing with patriotism
and, lacking the means whereby to
leaven that patriotism witb porterhouse stoaks or even coffee and
doughnuts, donned the uniform
which stood for righteousness. However, they are coming back again,
workers once more; soon to look for
a job. It will take them quite a
time to "lile" up the real facts of
the industrial situation. Thoy realize that timet are hard and jobs are
scarce, and that conditions are not
likely io improve. Working conditions appear slightly better tban
when thoy left hero three or four
years ago. Shipyard and camp
workers on the coaat work only
night hours daily, although wagos
will not buy so much aa formerly.
Now tbey, as returned men, must
work with and associate with those
labor unions or the O. B. tf. in thoir
endeavors to at least maintain or
even better conditions of work for
all ol im.   Several strikes  are
Pictures the International
and National Capitalist Class
The huge crowd which attend -the
meetings of Local Vancouvor No. 1,
of the Socialist Party of Canada,
not only testify to tho quality of
the propaganda dealt out by the
speakers of that, party, but also to
the ever-increasing interest being
tnken in working clasa problems by
the members of the working class
Long before 8 p. m. whon the
meeting opened last Sunday, the
theatre was packed to capacity.
Comrade'J. Vincent, as chairman,
after a few brief remarks, introduced Comrade Knight of Edmonton,
as the speaker.
Comrade Knight, in his opening
remarks, statod that so far as thc
representatives of the capitalist
class wcro concerned, they were
mentally bankrupt ,and had no solution to the grave problems which
faced society today.
These problems must be faced and
solved by the workers themselves.
Our Labor leaders had been told to
preach optimism, but how could the
workers be optimistic if thcir
stomachs wore empty I The condition previous to the war waa one of
glutted markets. The condition today is much the same in spite of the
fact that huge masses of the workers had been taken from productive
to destructive occupations.
Whon the war was over, all was
to be fine, but we see the true state
of affairs. Industry almost at a
standstill, the markets glutted and
thc numbers of >' the unemployed
growing by leaps and bounds.
In years gone by, we Tead of great
famine in India; tens of thousands
of people dying of starvation. The
moan's of production had not reached
that stage of development which enabled them to overcome bad seasons.
But today when we have conquered
nature, with tho machinery of pro*
duetion developed to a degree the
cause of famine1 is not because we
have not produced enough, bnt be*
cause we have produced too much.
Comrade Knight, for tho purpose
of illustration, portrayed himself as
the internationalist capitalist class.
All the means of production and distribution, and the natural resources
are owned by him. Outside of him
stands a huge mob of people who
must fill thcir stomachs. They must
come to him, the international- capitalist class ,to secure the means of
To him the workers must sell their
vital energy, their labor power, just
as other commodities arc sold. He
buys their vital energy every day,
and every day a huge mass of commodities eome to him as the .owner
of the tools of production. Ke pays
the taxes, the courts, ho controls the
press, he pays for the wars. It is hiB
system he, the international capitalist class.
Comrade Knight then took thc
part in the world drama of today
of the national capltaliat class. Ho
as the national capitalist class exploits the natural resources of his
eountry, after he had satisfied the
homo market, he looks around the
'world for new markets, but he finds
other national capitalists around
for the same purpose. He looks hard
at these fellows, tho diplomats of the
various countries, so long as they
agree and they all get a share of thc
market big enough to absorb their
surplus goods, all goes well, but with
the development of the machine,
more commodities come to him, and
he, tho national capitalist, discovers
that he requires a bigger share of
the market.
Tho national capitalist tells his
workers that thoy are tho greatest
peoplo on the earth, and so when
friction develops in the world market, he can move his poople by telling them of the atrocities of these
foreign devils. The workers swallow
this stuff, in spite of tho fact that
his rotten factory system has reduced thcir stature from 0 feet to 4
feet something,'he gets them to go
to war.
The only solution to the problem
for the workers is the completo social ownership of tho means of lifo,
so that production and distribution
shall be carried on for use instead
of for sale. But those who ndvocntc
that, arc termed Bolsheviki. If that
was Bolshevism, then he was one.
The capitalist ia not to blamo for
the state of affairs, but tho ignorance of the workers.
In closing, Comrade Knight warned tho workers to guard against
local uprising. Thnt only by the
huge mass of thc workers acting together cnn the system be abolished.
Hotel and Restaurant Employee!
Thc Hotol und Restaurant Employers' Union report tho following
eating houses ns still being unfair
to organized lnbor: McLeid's, Me-
Intyro's, Leonard's, Post Oflico
Cafe nnd the White Lunches. The
union is intending to put n new
wuge settle into effect Juno 10. A
wnge scale is being presented to tho
Hastings Lunch, and as this plaoe
has always been willing to meet tho
union scale no trouble is anticipated.
Where is your union button!
' Hosiery for
Present Wear
Pine Mercerized Lisle Hose,
with reinforced feet, neat fitting ankle, in shades of pearl,
smoke, tan, champagne, brown
and white—Wc.
Fibre Silk Hose, double toes
and heels, in shades of pearl,
tan, battleship grey, champagne, cordovan, black and
Thread Silk Hobo,, reinforced
' at toes and heels; colors include poarl, smoke, beaver,
Russian calf, myrtle, navy,
black and white—11.86.
Fine Silk Hose, superior
grade, -double toes and heels;
in colors of sand, dark grey*,
Palm Beach, champagne,
navy, pearl, blnck nud white
Beach Cloth
Ohiffon Beach Oloth—36 in.
wide—B8c yard. This is a
very fino weave, suitable for
making suits, dresses skirtB or
middies; shown in pink, sky,
maize, canary, saxe, Copenhagen, paddy, sand, old rose,
new green, helio, navy, ivory
and black.
Suitor Beach Suiting—36 in.
wide—96o yard. A splendid
material for suiting purposes;
shown in old rote, coral, saxe,
new green, pmnellc, sand,
champagne, grey and pink.
Heavy Beach Cloth—36 in.
wide—$1.06 yard. This is a
bold canvas weave; colors include now green, reseda, old
rose, tan, sand, saxe, Copenhagen and white.
right now, hero on the Mainland
and on Vancouver Island, the most
serious ono being at Princeton,
whore 600 union men walked out as
a protest ngainst an attempt by the
employers to ro-introduce ten hours
a day with four dollars pay, inatead
of four dollara for eight bouts,
which tho men were "enjoying
prior to the striko."
In a long and costly lying advertisement that appeared in the local
papers thc employers (Copper Mountain Construction Company, asked
returned soldiers of this province,
"Are you going to stand for tieing
up jobs, and crippling the industries
of tbe province)"
Certainly, Yes! We will tie up
every job rather than act as scabs.
Tho Oompany refused the- offer of
the Council to send a delegation to
enquire into conditions existing in
the camps and now, for all ex-soldiers, Princeton jh "out of bounds."
Strikes ire also on at Comox, in
Camp* No. 1, 8, 3 and at Abomcthr
and Longhcedt Camp No. 3, Stav<
Falls* Keep away from these place
First Propaganda Meeting Last Sunday in the
National Theatre
The enterprise of the Ex-Soldiers'
and Sailors' Council, Vancouver Local No. 1, in opening up in the National Theatre on Sunday afternoon,
was well justified by the large crowd
which assembled and the keen interest shown in the proceedings during the two and one half hours the
meeting lasted. Harry Pritchard was
chairman, and in his brief opening
remarks he alluded to a mention of
"machine guns" and suggested that
"the men who can use machine guns
won't be all on one side."
Comrade Lestor also referred to
machine guns in closing an able
speech on the general economic situation; he observed, however, that
they had "a mightier weapon than
that—tho ideas we propagate; the
force that will eventually destroy
thc system and bring Into being the
system wc have desired." Ono of
his points was that, owing to the
great war, the army was no longer
a thing apart from the peoplo aa
hitherto. "The army of the classes
has become the army of the masses.
That spells thc complcto destruction
of capitalism; and don't you forcct
Another speaker was Comrade
Kavanagh, and he nlso dwelt on the
power of propaganda. The" powers
had discovered that "a Bolsheviki
with a pamphlet is more deadly than
a Bolshovik with a gun," Accordingly, they had resorted to propaganda to split the soldiers and thc
workers aud keep them apart. Ho
pointed out that "production for
profit can no longer supply tho needs
of modern society—can no longer
function in the interests of society
as a wholo." Hence, the propaganda, necessory now more than before,
to transform the workers from a
"mob" into "an intelligent moving
Comrado Joe Knight, from over
tho Divide, also spoko briefly, "I
cun only see in the soldier just n
human being and a proletariat. His
whole hope for the futuro is wrapped up with thc working class."
(Applause.) The proletarian class is
a wholo wcro being forced to act
shoulder to .shoulder for the overthrow of this system. The wage
slave—whethor in uniform ot overalls—wub a slave just tho same.
Comrado Lawson, another visitor
from a distance, added a few words
on tho "foolishness of using force
—going over the top and that sort
of thing." Economic force, he pointed out, waB the think that counted.
Many in the audience had brief
remarks to add or questions to ask,
nnd the interest was unflagging.
Lestor brought peals of laughter
from the crowd by his rending of
the terrors of Bolshevism as given
in the Vancouver "Sun'•'; but when
he added some of Billy Sunday's
picturesque stuff, some of the boys
couldn't stand it. One man had a
little anxiety for religion, but Lestor pointed out that people'couldn't
be prevented from having "the
ideas that the system brings into effoct."
One or two others took the platform for a brief space, but thero
iiis no opposition whatever to the
ropagnnda.   It is understood that
io meetings are to be kept going..
Meetings Are Held Every
Monday Night in the
Labor Temple
The Janitors and Elevator workers, are carrying on an.active organizing campaign and every member
of organized labor can assist in this
work. The varying hours that these
workers are on shift makes it difficult to get in touch with them, but
the need for organizing can be pointed out by members of organized labor, when they meet these workers
In any of the publie buildings in
the city. When it is realized that
many of those workers are receiving
only $14.65 per week of 561-2 hours
the necessity oif these workers com;
ing together will be realized. The
cost of living.is still continuing to
go up, but these workers are com-
pollcu to live on wages that would
not keep anybody- in the common
necessities of life, let alone in tlie
ordinary standard of living. So long
as there is any section of tho'workers receiving wages much below the
subsistence line, tho general condition of the workers is threatened,
and it is the duty of every member
of organized labor to act as a committeo of ono in the work of organizing the Janitors and Elevator
workers. Meetings are being, held
every Monday night in tho Labor
Temple. All janitors and elevator
workers are invited to attend these
Wd Not Have to Glow at Six on
Saturday Night, But
Did So
It is interesting to note the manner in which some of the larger
stores have viewed the early closing byelaw. The one we havo in
mind particularly is' Millar ft Co.,
Ltd., Headquarters for China
Toys," on Hastings street.
This energetic firm which has
grown from a very small beginning,
appears to havo the propor view
point on the labor question. Al
though their store was not included
among those which wero compelled
to close at six o'clock on Saturday
evenings, we are glad to note that
they close promptly at this hour.
This too, in spite of the fact that
a number of shops carrying similar
lines of merchandise have failed to
do so. -~
As Mr, Millar expressed it: "Wc
aro only too glad to go more than
half ways in matters of tbis kind,
so long as it does not inconvenience
the buying public. For after all, wo
are here to serve the public, and if
it can be done before six o'clock
on Saturday night, and we do not
see any reason why it cannot, we
are only too glad to give our employoes and ourselves the benefit of
these extra hours of leisure.       ***
Chicago.—The funeral of Asmus
Jessen, business agent of the Chauffeurs' union, who waa murdered by
a strike-breaker in the South Chicago cooks' and waiters' striko, tied
the whole community up tight. Industry aud commerce stood still
while 4,000 workers turned out to
honor the strike victim.
Ladies' Suits in Donegal
Tweeds will be sold on
easy terms at red! snap
THEY come in Grey, Brown snd Green mixtures—In Norfolk and other styles-—nwnttrly tailored garments-—
every one. Beautifully lined with plain and figured satin.
Come In and see them—you won't hesitate to buy when you
know what wonderful bargain*, they really are and how easy
you can purchase one by simply paying a small deposit down.
We'll trust you for the balance, wblch can be arranged to
suit your convenience. ;
In smart up-to-date styles,  will  be  sold thla  week  at
special prices, payable a littlo down and a little each week.
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
Oppoilu ProTine. Offlc.
Mr. 1311
Dinnerware at
Low Prices
Your Ohoico of Six Dinner Servicei at tl
Remarkably Low Priee of $15.75
Truly you seldom have an offering like this. '
. make a selection from six exceptionally pretty pi
terns in dinnerware at such a remarkably low prii
The ware is of good quality, semi-porcelain, and t
glaze is smooth ahd clear. The decorations offei
wide variety to -select from.' Some are shown
the simple white and gold designs; white oth.
havo attractive floral designs. There are 48*pie(
to the set—sufficient to place covers for six persoi
This is indeed an opportunity.to own a pretty Di
ner Sorvice at a very reasonable price.
Imported China Dinner Service at $19.7
Yes—we know it is hard to believe—but thoso a
roally and truly Imported China Pinner Sets,
the''very smartest designs, and d» 1Q  fj\
tho price is only w 1 */• / «
Tho ware is of excellent quality; and decorated
conventional border designs and pretty floral *
fects. To see them is to like them. Tbere are 5
piccos to the set, selling Friday $1 Q 9J\
at the special price of....... **_}!*/•§ <
Head- ~
for >
Shipyard   Laboren   Will  Not   Be
Represented on Reactionary
Trades Oouncll
The New Westminster local of the
Shipyard   Laborers,   Riggers   and
Fasteners' Union has   severed   its
connection with tho New Weatminster Trades and Labor Couneil on
account of the goneral opposition to
the O. B. U. of the members of the
council, and also on account of tjb
failure of tho council tb protei
against the misleading statement
appearing in the daily press regar-t
ing labor questions in the cities o
New Westminster and Coquitlam.
Olympia, Wash.—Articles of ii
corporation for thc Longshoremen
Co-operative Association have bee
issued for the .purpose of. carryin
on a co-operative stevedoring bus
ness at Seattle and other ports o
the west coast.
You can't duplicate this
suit elsewhere for $30
IT'S a suit value that's got anything else in town
backed oft the map for value—you'll agree too
when you see it.   This genuine Forbes worsted
sells at Dick's for
IT'S the biggest suit value we've offered you
men since pre-war days, and we take great
pride in being able to offer a suit with the
quality that this line has.
IT'S a winncr—md is making new friends for
thc Dick Stores. Comes in wide range of patterns—checks—stripes—plain, etc.—in different models.
A SUIT that'll give you long service and one
that will bring you back. ;
SOLD finder our guarantee—
"Your Money'. Worth or Your Money Baok"
W/O   ,°Ue.f    10%
33^5^-47-49, Hastings ShEas*;


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