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British Columbia Federationist Aug 3, 1923

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industrial unity: strenqth *sg-*       Official Or gan Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)       *m**> political unity**
$2.50 PER YEAR
I Poor Food and Hard Work
Is Lot of Scabs on
Unfair Boats
I Canadian Government Vessel Compelled to Put
Back Into Port
The Btrike-breaking crew of the S.
S. Canadian Observer, two of which
(are colored men, will have some hard
; taleB to tell, if the story of a mere
boy, who was cajoled into shipping
on this vessel, are true. The boy in
' question, was told that he would have
a fine job with little or nothing to do,
|' but he wai. not told that he would get
j nothing to eat. His Information is to
1 the effect that when the strlko-break-
; ers Bought something to eat, they were
told that they were not on an Amerl-
' can ship now. It will be remembered
that thie Is the ship which was deserted by its crew, and the men who
refused to starve any longer, were arrested after the captain had promised
> to pay them off.
The S. S. Canadian Importer, another vessel of the Canadian Government Merchant Marine, had to leave
port without full complement, last
Saturday, and made several attempts
to pan through the narrows on her
way to Vancouver Island, where she
•was to complete loading, but on a
'•call being made to the strike-breakers to do their best, those who witnes-
nd the attempts to get the vessel from
(the docks, were more than amused.
Later she bad to turn back, aa the
crew could not get up sufflclent steam
to get her through the narrows.
Tbe crew of the 8.  8. Canadian
(Freighter, complained that they were
treated worse than dogs, but they
managed to get back at Captain Blssett white In a United States port, as
shipping act of that country al-
Elews the men In port 50 per cent, of
f their wages on-demand. The men went
tto fh* captain and asked him for some
Jlmoney, which he promptly refused,
but the men went to the Seamen's
fOnion officials, and the men got their
noney, according to United States
The following Is a list of strikebreakers, whose names have been se-
I'cured: J. Barker, Hugh Morrison,
Frank Harding, who scabbed on the
fill-fated Canadian Exporter during
(the Btrike of 1921.
The S. S. Canadian Volunteer, which
I was due on the 2nd of AuguBt, ts, according to the press, liable to be several <I ays late, owing to the inefficiency of the crew, which is composed
of strike-breakers. This is tho vessel
which was deserted by many of the
atrike-break era at Astoria, owing to
Che -poor food served, and the amount
pf work they had to do.
In last week's issue of The Federationist, P. Montgomery was listed as
i strike-breaker, but it has since been
.earned that when he shipped, he was
Itild that he would not be acting as a
trlke-breaker on the S. S. Britisher,
lut -when the situation wus fully explained to him, he never hesitated,
lut stated he would not work on a
ab ship.   He also Informed the union
tmclnls-that there was an awful bunch
f scrubs on the ship, an 1 a job for a
icab boatswain ls open for one of the
QBpfrants -to this position.
J. A. Macdonald, one of the strike-
Breakers on the S, S. Canadian High'
Binder, swhile ln Prince Rupert re>
Kently, wan arrested -on a charge of
Aggravated assault. Ho was convicted
pd given three months. The nature
i the assault Is mat .known.
Children Are Assured Better Chance in Life's
. Broken homes mended, mothen
jived (rom the loss of their children*
iilldren assured a better chance tn
jtfe—these are some of the results of
pothers' pension laws now in force
i all bpt six States, two States hav-
kg been added this year. How these
[wb are administered in a represen-
ftive group of communities is des-
plbed ln detail in a report just issued
1/ the United States Children's Bu-
fcThe report  states  that in all the
immunities studied, it was recognized
at the mere giving of money was not
i the help needed by these mothers
fd children. Nearly half of the fath-
ji of the families had been laborers
id semi-skilled workers and of the
Jbup forvphom weekly earnings were
^corded 95 per cent. had. earned less
an $35 a week. Often the mothers
Id children had suffered physically
■rough low living standards, even
Kfore the father's death and needed
f edlcal and health service, as well as
rs Are Being Arrested
on the Slightest
$      Pretext
An Appeal for Funds Is Being Made by Victims
of Besco
Jim ,McLachlan and Dan Livingstone, officials of the Miners Union of
Nova Scotia, were arrested on July 6.
charged with spreading false news,
which was later added to by seditious
libel and seditious conspiracy.
Jack MacDonald, arrested July 21,
charged with seditious utterances at
a strike meeting at Sydney mines,
John Blue, business manager of the
Maritime Labor Herald, charged with
making "tumultuous noises," and
wtth intent to break the peace)
Seventeen steel workers arrested on
various charges connected with picketing and molesting strike-breakers.
Mrs. Lewis, 42 years of age, arrested for shouting "scab" at a strikebreaker.
Miners arrested on minor charges
by the Provincial police.
A boy of sixteen years of age, arrested, charged with attempting to
wreck a coal train by tampering with
the rails.
The above Ust will give the workers
of Canada a faint idea of the campaign of terror that the Provincial
government of Nova Scotia has instituted here. More warrants are being
issued every day for the arrest of
pickets of the striking workers. The
corporation, aided by the governments
and their troops and police, is attempting to crush the Labor organizations of this Province by arresting
the most active and militant among
the workers.
The arrest of Jim MoLachlan and
Dan Livingstone woe made In an attempt to smash the strike of the miners against the use of armed teres
against the workers in industrial disputes. The news that the Provincial
government objected to was a description of the actions of the Provincial police in Sydney, when tbey
charged into a crowd of people coming
from church, during a charge on the
pickets of the Steel Workers. The
statements made at that time bave
been fully proved by affidavits from
victims of that charge. Knowing this
the government has laid otber charges
against the two leaders of tbe miners
which they hope will rid them of
these two valiant fighters for the
The attorney general of Nova Scotia,
O'Hern, made a desperate attempt to
provent Jim McLachlan and Dan
Livingstone getting ball. In his argument opposing bail, be 'said that
they should not be allowed bail, because they were guilty of sedition, and
to support this, he quoted Jim Mc-
Lachlan ns saying: "To hen with fhe
Dominion Coal Company!" This Is
sedition in Nova Scotia under the
Armstrong government Despite this,
the supreme court has unanimously
supported the application ror ball and
the hearing will be held on Aug. 8.
Jack MacDonald was arrested for a
statement that he Is accused of having
made at a meeting of mine workers
at Sydney mines. The accusation is
that he stated, "They wave their damnable flag before you."
The others arrested are too numerous to mention, but are all connected
with the strikes of the miners and
steel workers.
The strikes have drained the pockets of the steel workers and miners.
If these workers are going to get legal
aid, the workers of Canada must supply funds to meet the expenses. The
strikes of Nova Scotia were against
the use of armed force ln Industrial
disputes. As such, the workers of
Nova Scotia were fighting for the
whote of the Labor movement of
Canada. Help to defend the arrested
workers In Nova Scotia.
Send all, money collected to Hugh
A. McMullan, Box 897, Glace Bay,
Nova Scotia, secretary-treasurer of
tbe Nova Scotia Workers Defense
ancouver Workers Protest
Against Use of Troops in
Nova Scotia Steel Strike
Mass Meeting Demands Recall of Troops, and Representatives
of Organized Workers Express Their Views on Struggle in Cape
Breton—Defense Committee to Be Organized in Vancouver
pGANIZBD LABOR was never so well represented on the platform in Vancouver since the big
strike of 1919 as it was on Sunday last, when the Nova Scotia situation was discussed in the Columbia Theatre. Some eleven speakers -appeared, and.while the speeches were short, owing to lack of
time with so many speakers, they were to the point.
The meeting was called by the local branch of the Workers* Party of Canada, and representatives of the Central Labor body and different trades unions appeared to voice the protest of organized
labor against the use of troops in an iriduserial dispute, and the following resolution, dealing with
this matter, was introduced before the close of the meeting, and unanimously adopted:
Resolved: That this meeting of workers representing all forms of organized workers, political and industrial, demands the instant withdrawal of the troops from the strike area in Nova
Scotia, and that all local unions and workers and political parties be requested to send their protests to the governent of Nova Scotia and to the Dominion authorities.
And be it further resolved: that the decision of this meeting be forwarded by wire to the
Premier of Canada, the Minister of Labor and the Premier of Nova Scotia.   *
Realizing that the  resolutions  off In this work, forward the names of
protest would not very materially aid
the striking Steel Workers and the
Miners in Cape Breton, a further resolution calling for the establishment
of a local defense committee was also
adopted. The resolution reads as
In viow of the struggle that tlie
Steel Workers and Miners of Nova
Scotia have had to face, and are
still faced with, therefore, be It resolved, that this meeting favors the
formation of a local defense committee, and that all unions be asked
..to take an active part In the for-.,
■nation of this organization.
And be It farther resolved, that
all local unions or other workers'
organizations wishing to take part
Fall River, Mass.—A general curtailment of from 50 to 75 per cent, in
production, affecting principally plain
goods mills, has been agreed upon by
manufacturers here as a result, lt Is
said, of the present depression In the
Industry. Providence manufacturers,
It ls claimed, will curtail if the demand for cotton plain goods does not
A net proflt of 96,832,664 for the
flrst six months of the present year is
reported by the National Biscuit Co.
advice about food and general hygiene.
Perhaps the most interesting part of
the whole report Is the chapter entitled, "What the aid, meant to the
children." Instance after Instance Is
given of the homes and families to
whom- such aid meant the difference
between despair and the chance for
Delegates to Be Sent to T.U.
E.L. Conferences at Chicago and Edmonton
The regular meeting of the Vancouver branch of the Trade Union Educational League, was held on Friday
last. The meeting was fairly well attended In view of the hot weather,
and a lively Interest displayed.
Calls for 'conferences in Chicago
and Bdmonton, Alberta, have been Issued, Che latter to be a Western Canadian conference. These calls were
read and referred to a special committee of the local league, and Instructions were given to send delegates to
both conferences if satisfactory arrangements could be made,    "
Another conference will be held in
Toronto or Montreal, covering the
Eastern section of the Labor movement.
The call for the league conference
In Chicago reads as follows:
To all local Leagues:
Greetings: Since the first general .conference of the League, a year ago,
events of profound importance tvr
the working class have taken plaoe.
The "open shop" drive has gone ahead
practically unchecked, smashing
unions right and left. In this life and
death crisis, the old leadership bas
stood 'helpless and dismayed. Only
thc .militants have had a constructive
and savingv programme to offer. We
have launched the great amalgamation and Labor Party movements,
both of which are registering great
As we oome together ln our second
general-oonferenoe, which, as you have
been Informed -previously, will take
place ln Chicago, September 1-2, we
are confronted with a critical situation. The old leadership is bankrupt,
We must push our* programme more
vigorously than ever If the Labor
movement ls to escape a crushing defeat. To do this effectively, our gen*
eral conference must be made a success. Every Industrial centre in Canada and the United States must be
represented with as many delegates
as possible. We urge you, therefore,
to take up this question at once. Elect
a full quota of delegates, each local
general group Is entitled to eight (8)
and get them here at all costs. Trade
unions can send fraternal delegates.
Tho local general group that has
not at least a few delegates to this
historic conference will be unworthy
of the militant spirit of the league.
Make the election of delegates a special order of business now. Begin to
raise money to pay their fare to Chicago. That Is the only important expense, as rooms and meals will be
furnished the out-of-town delegates,
as far as possible, by the Chicago
League members. Now, all together
for a great and successful league
conference, fill out the enclosed
blank and send It in to us immediately. Let the second general conference of the T. U. E. L. be a gathering
of historic Importance In the development of the Labor movement. Fraternally yours.
their delegates to Uie chairman of
this meeting, and that said chairman be instructed to call an organization meeting with the view
of putting Into effect tho wishes of
this meeting, and the formation of a
Stoel Workers' and Miners' Defense
And be lt further resolved, that
tho chalrmau stand Instructed to
circularize aU unions and workers
political parties In the Olty of Vancouver, asking for their co-operation.
In opening the meeting, James Halliday, the chairman, stated that the
press had intimated that Vancouver
had been put on the map by the visit
of President Harding, but he pointed
out that It was only the workers who
could put anything on the map. and
he asked those present to put Nova
Scotia .on the map.
The flrst speaker was Qeorge H,
Hardy, representing the Brotherhood
of Carpenters, who stated that there
was no question as to where the organisation he represented stood,
the members had already passe
resolution demanding the withdrawal
of the troops from the strike area.
He appealed for the solid support of
the workers for tbe strikers In Cape
J. Scott, representing the Seafarers,
f also appealed for the support of the
workers, and stated that ln strikes
there never was any disturbances until the military was called In. He
also stated that his organization was
solidly behind the strikers.
Urgers Political Action
R. P. Pettipiece, representing the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
stated that it was not necessary to go
to Nova Scotia to realise the situation,
as the experience of the miners' strike
on Vancouver Island waa still fresh ln
the memories of the active trade
unionists on the coast. He referred
to the fact that 70 per cent of the
members of the Dominion House
were lawyers, and that they had been
obeying the mandates of those who
(Continued on page 2)
Cities of New Jersey ATe
Disease Laden
Child labor in exploited without
limit in Jersey cities across from New
Tork, and ;dlsease-laden commodities
flnd their way into fashionable shops
along Broadway and Fifth Avenue, In
that city.
The big anti-union garment manufacturers in this city are the keystone to this system. They maintain
flashy show rooms In New Tork, while
they contract work in homes In Jersey
cities where tho Income ls so low that
tender children are forced to labor for
a few pennies. This work is done In
tenements infected with tuberculosis
and otber ills.
In Newark, N. J., Mrs. Nellie Slay
hack, Labor department Inspector,
states that there are "cloBe to 5000
women !n Newark homes alone sewing
on men's suits and overcoats."
The trade unions are leading in the
flght to suppress this revival of
sweatshops by powerful manufactur
ers who have been checked In New
Tork, and who are sub-contracting In
suburban localities.
Organized labor Is also emphasizing that the only protection the workors have ls their union, and that the
public can protect Itself against disease by buying only union stamped
or labelled commodities.
August Srd to August 10th
FRIDAY, Aug. 3—Molders.
MONDAY, Aug. 6—Electrical
Workers No, 510, Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers, Federal Labor Union, Mollcrmak-
TUESDAY, Aug. 7—Trades and
Labor Council, Cigarmakers.
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8—Brieklayera v
THURSDAY, Aug. 9—Shcet Motal Workers, Bakery Salesmen, Steam and Operating
Engineers, No. 844.
Attack on Twelve-Hour Day
IMakes Steel Head
Back Up
Bombardment of the Steel Trust's
12-hour day, continues, and Judge
Gary Is squirming. He now says
"within six weeks" a start will be
made to abolish the long work day.
The judge's promise Ib an indefinite
as former pledges, but thoy indicate
that the forces arrayed agalnBt himi
have put him on the defensive to a
greater degree than ever before.
The steel barons are taking no
chances with the organizing campaign
being conducted In this industry by
trade unionists. These employers
know that their 40-cent rate for so-
called "common" labor can only be
maintained under anti-union conditions. While the steel barons and
their newspapers assure the public
that steel employees "are not Interested in trade unions," this gesture Is
for publicity purposes. It Is on.a par
With Judge Gary's claim that steel employees demand the 12-hour day.
Other forces that are bombarding
the Steel Trust are church men and
civic organizations that Insist on the
shorter workday, and civil engineers
who declare that the eight-hour day Is
The steel market Is another factor
thut Ik operating- against Judge Gary.
At. the present time the Industry has
taken a decided slump although Judge
Gary continues to talk about additional worker*- helng necessary he*
fore the eight-hour day fs established,
The steel slump Is natural. AH
production records were brokon dur-
Ing the second quarter of tho year.
When the steel barons were bemoaning a "labor shortage" th» mills were
producing at the rate of yj,000,000
tons a year. Nothing like this was
ever dreamed of before, even during
war times.
With a lessening of a demand for
steel, the trade union organizing campaign, the claim of engineers that an
eight-hour day Is practical, and the
protests of church men and civic organizations, Judge Gary ls facing an
unexpected situation. A few years
ago this opposition could be ignored,
but this is Impossible today and the
Judge fs doing the next best thing—
attempting to appease an increasing
public opinion by vague promises.    .
New Pose Does Not Fool
Workers Who Have
New York—Trade unions may
strike, but they cnn not picket, rules
Justice Benedict af the supreme court,
fn granting an injunction against
Leather Workers employed ln Long
Island City. The court admitted the
strikers committed no violence and
that they offered to arbitrate, His
honor, however, held that picketing
tended to intimidate."
A settlement betwoen striking printing pressmen at thc plants of the
American Sales Book Compnny, ln
this cltv and Niagara Falls haM been
reached. The company accepts the
union shop, thc 44-hour week and a
wage rate of $42 a week.
Election of Worker Causes
Administration to Change
Its Spots
(By Harrison George)
"The right of the worker to organize Into trade .unions Is as fundamental in America as the right to vote—
and as well supported in law. Any
attempt to infringe that right ls illegal I"
Who do you suppose said that?
None other than Harry M. Daugherty,
Attorney-General of the United States,
while passing through Chicago en
route to the Pacific coast, where he Is
to direct prosecution against building
material dealers who refuse to sell
to contractors that employ union
Aside from the fact that it looks
more like a case of defending the
contractors than the prlnolple of unionism, this attempt of Daugherty to
pose as a "friend of labor" follows his
Wllkerson Injunction too closely to
appear to the average worklngman as
anything but a good Joke—a Joke
which reflects the hypocrisy of the
head of the Department of alleged
Looking upon the antic of Daugherty with a cold fishy eye of suspicion,
the worker sees the recent election of
the farmer labor candidate in Minnesota as the reason why administration
reaotlon now changes Its spots and
appears before us as demure, coy and
innocent as a forty-year, two-hundred
pound madame of a bawdy house
when made up as Uttle Eva.
It was "legal" for the shopmen to
organise, so It appears, but when they
struck for a pittance of wages, Daugherty, this same unspeakable peddler
of pardons, said that he would "use
the power of the government" to aid
the open shop drive—and he did! It
was "legal" for union men of the shop
crafts to use the mails, the telephone
and telegraph, to walk the streets,
to assemble and talk together, but
when they struck, Daugherty called
on a servile Judge to deny those rights
and such an order has been "made
permanent," while Daugherty only
last week stated, with all the conceit
of King Canute, that "there will never
be another big railway strike."
It was "legal" for the communists
to organize a political party to advocate a change to the soviet form of
government and a dictatorship of the
working class—and lt was so ruled by
the Michigan court In the Foster trial.
But though no law of the federal government was violated, Daugherty and
Burns raided the convention of the
Communist Party without warrant,
and still are spending federal money
to force the conviction of Ruthenberg
and thirty other radical labor men
and women under the laws of the
State of Michigan penalizing "criminal syndicalism."
No, Mr. Dnugherty, wc cannot "believe you! The splotches on your hide
go clear through to your black heart.
As long as the 400,000 shopmen of
this country lie proslrnte in defeat,
with their unions shattered and their
families scattered and starving, as
long as you persist In holding political
prisoners In Leavenworth, as long as
you forco tho State of Michigan to
prosecute communists and use the
public monoy to pay a swarm of1
Burns rats to put Ruthenberg away
for ten years, no pose of friendship or
even of impartiality cnn blot out the
fact that you are a liloody-fangod
beast of the Jungle, t ruined and anxious to throttle labor in the interests
of big business.
Demand Release of Politieal
Prisoners in U. S.  '
Many Forces Join Hands to
Secure Release of Class
War Prisoners
New York, July 25.—For the first
time in Ave years all radical, political
and labor organizations formed a
united front for general amnesty Friday last at a great Amnesty Mass
meeting, held ln New York under the
auspices of the American Civil Liber*
ties Union.
Those organisations that Joined In
demanding Immediate and unconditional release: for all the remaining
political prisoners, both federal and
state, were: the American Civil Liberties Union, the Joint Amnesty Cora**
mittee, the Farmer Labor Party, tbe
American Labor Party, the Workers
Party, the Socialist Party, the General
Defense Committee of the I. W. W.,
the World War Veterans and the
Committee of 48. '
At the Amnesty Mass Meeting,
Roger Baldwin, director of the American Civil Liberties Union, brought In
a resolution tbat a committte representing thoee organisations preeent
and all other political and labor organisations Interested In amnesty be
appointed to form a national united
front for amnesty. This resolution
was unanimously adopted. "" .
All tbe speakers, Liberal, Farmer-
Labor, Communist, Socialist and I.W.
W. denounced the vacillating Harding
administration, comparing its stand
on amnesty to the policy of the Romanoff regime in Russia and scoring lt
as "a disgrace to the United States
and to any civilised country."
Speaking for the eight political
prisoners who recently accepted
Harding's commutation, Forrest Edwards stated: "We interpret our
rights now as we have alwayB interpreted them before we went to prison
and when we were In Leavenworth.
Wo Intend to carry on the flght for
thc emancipation of the workingclass
from Industrial slavery regardless of
any 'conditions' imposed by the capitalist hireling at Washington."
John M. Levitt, of the World War
Veterans, called for "a union of alf
workers, farmers and soldiers against
the privileged classes."
"I know of no group of men in
recent industrial history which has
stood so stalwartly for what they believe as the I.W.W.," declared Roger
Baldwin. "They are one of the few
groups of workers in America that
have openly flouted the authorities,
and had enough self-respect never to
deny their faith. Men who, like the
wobblies, have gone to jail singing
Hongs are dangerous men to the ruling
oluss (if America. The government
can't coerce and can't compel such
men to deny thcir moral faith and
revolutionary determination." ,
Other speakers who denounced the
administration's amnesty policy wero
(.'. W. Davis, recently released from
Leavenworth, C, E. Ruthenberg. national secretary of thc Workers Party,
Joseph Cannon of the Socialist Party,
Jerome T. DeHunt, chairman of the
American Labor Party, Abraham Lef-
kowltz of tho Farmer Labor Party,
Dr. Oscar Maddous of the American
Civil Libertlse Union, and John Walsh
of the General Defense Committee.
SSalt Lake City—After 13 months'
Imprisonment, four miners havo been
declared not guilty of shooting during
a mine guard battle in Carbon County
June 14, 1922. .Mine officials attempted to stop picketing and had armed
thcir guards with rifles and side arms
previous to the shooting.
A feature of the trial was the silence of Salt Lake City newspapers on
the testimony developed by the defense. While these newspapers "play
up" murder trials, for days no mention would be made of this trial.
Phoenix, • Ariz.—The local Chamber of Commerce has declared for the
anti-union shop, and organized workers are protesting the action of the
city commission ln appropriating
several thousand dollars to the chamber. The Arizona Labor Journal
makes the point that the business
men can declare for the anti-union
shop as they choose, but trade unionists object to being taxed for this propaganda.
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men Imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that It Ib
made to order. This Is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Memphis, Tenn. —■ The Barbers
Union of this city hns made a clean
sweep by securing union shop agreements with every local employing
barber. The only exception Is one
small shop.
New Westminster Men Are
Now Members of the
The Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employees' union continues to make progress. Members of the working class
living In New Westminster can now
have their milk delivered by union
men, as all the employees of the
Fraser Valley Dairies in that city
have Joined the organization-
Members of orgnnized labor are
asked to remember that there fs no
connection between the Fraser Vtlley
company and the Valley Dairy; the
latter employs only non-union labor,
nnd will  not recognize the union.
Several dnlrlcs in town nre paying
miserable wages, and only by using
all kinds of promises for the future
are they able to hold their men.
New men are being engaged every
day, an a survey of the milkmen will
There are only two union dairies
In the city: the Purity Dairy nnd
the Fraser Valley Dairies Ltd. PAGE TWO
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federationist
Business Offlce:   1129 Howe Stroet
Editorial   Offlce:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J.
Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, $,2.50 per year, I1.J50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per metnber per
Unity of Labor:
Tho Hopo of lhe World
Immigrants and Working
Class Misery
tj-OR a considerable period of time there has been
a demand on the part of tho employing class of
thc North American continent, for more immigrants.
The workers have protested against the influx of
more workers while there were hundreds of thsus-
andB of unemployed workers on thc labor market,
but thier protests were in vain, and the campaign
for more and eheaper labor was carried on in Eui-o-
pean countries with success.
* • •
When this campaign for cheap labor was flrst
started, the working class press pointed out that
there were two things which the employers were
seeking; the first, cheap labor, and the second,
profits for thc transportation companies. That the
latter change was true, has been proved by time, and
the following news item taken from the capitalistic
press proves that there was a combination between
the transportation companies and the manufacturers:
New York, July 31.—Due to the "savage
race" between steamship lines trying: to land
aliens before the August quota is filled, many
thousands of immigrants will be forced through
no fault of their own to remain on ships in New
Tork harbor for from ten days to two weeks,
Immigration Commissioner Gurran declares.
He scored the lines whose officials, he deolared, knew that thousands of aliens would be
turned baok to Kurope after spending their life
savings for passage to this oountry, for what he
oalled "dealing in dividends of human beings
to satisfy their own greed.''
Half an hour after the new month's quota
opens, Mr. Ourran asserted, 14,000 immigrants
wUl have entered the harbor, and European
quotas will have been exhausted.
"Instead of co-operation between steamship
officials to save their passengers from hardship," he said, "there is a savage race between
thier lines to see whieh can arrive here flrst.
I want to put the blame for the present situation squarely where it belongs, and that is on
the steamship lines."
» » »
But it is not only the steamship companies whieh
profit by human suffering. Kvery industry is operated by members of the working class, aud the
profits which provide the wherewithal! of the ruling
class to roll in luxury, arc secured as the result of
human misery and underfeeding. They are wrung
out of the hides of the wage slaves of all countries.
The profits of the ruling class are secured from all
and any avenues, by the means of child labor, over
work for the adult workers, or by low wages. The
wage earner, living in an age when his slavery is
beclouded by all the camouflage of the present system, resents being ealled a slave, but even his misery
is exploited and {he "savage race" between steamship lines, will only result in him being transported
from one scene of misery to another. The savage
race can only be eliminated with thc abolishment of
capitalism, and yet there are slaves who imagine
that by transferring their hides and carcasses from
•ne country to another, they ean escape capitalism.
Dividends in human beings indeed! Whore did
dividends ever come from, but out of the labor of
the slaveT.la.s_ whieh produces its own miserable
sustinence, and its masters' profits.
fifteenth JEAn. no. si BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDlSRATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
President Harding and Canada's
TO7HEN President Harding spoke in yancouver
** last week his words were couched in the terms
of the diplomat, while at thc same time they conveyed to the governments of this country thc intimation, that in new of the financial arrangements
• between the two countries, the United States was
supreme, and that if Canada observed its financial
obligations to thc United States, there would be no
The President of that great republic to the soutli
of the Canadian border made special reference to
the undefended border between the two countries.
That this border line is extensive no one will deny,
but when the population of thc United States as
compared with that of Canada is taken into consideration, and the words of President Harding and their
import arc realized, it will be readily seen that there
is no iiccd to fortify a border if you have not the
people in sufficient numbers to make an attack, and
still less if you have a large enough population to
enable you not to fear an attack.
*       *       *
President Harding also referred to annexation.
This again is a matter which eau only bo considered
from the point of posibilities. And what arc they?
Is there any danger of thc United States annexing
Canada? Tho answer must bc, certainly not, as that
has already been accomplished by financial arrangements, and the control of   Canadian   natural re
sources by American finance, as witness the words
of President Harding when he said.:
A further evidence of our increasing interdependence appears in the shifting of capital.
Since the armistice, I am informed, approximately $2,500,000,000 has found its way from
the United States into Canada for investment.
That is a huge sum of money, and I have no
doubt is employed safely for us and helpfully
for you. Most gratifying to you,'moreover, ''
should he thc circumstance that one-half of'that
great sum has gone for purchaso of your state
and municipal bonds—a tribute, indeed, to the
scrupulous maintenance of your credit, to a degree equalled only by your mother eountry
across thc sea and your sister country across
the hardly visible' border. ^.   •
Wc admit that the border is hardly visible; in
fact it is only visible on maps and in the minds of
wage slaves on both sides of the lines who imagin,
that they have a eountry of their own, and fail to
realize that capitalism, is international.
It will be noted that President Harding says that
the sum referred to is a huge one, and safely employed for "us." Thc "us" being of course the
American financiers. It might also be pointed out
that the head of the United States stressed tlie fact
that half of the sum mentioned was used for the purchase of state and municipal bonds. With Canada's
nine million population and the United States one
hundred and ten millions, plus the financial plight
of this country, is it any wonder that there has been
peaco for a hundred years, and that there will be
peace in the future. It is hardly likely that any
country would go to war to annex that which it
already owned, and the Uniteot States governmont
is not exactly composed of fools.
But when President Harding uttered thc following words, he must have had his tongue in his cheek,
for realizing the helplessness of Canada, he could
hardly expect that any attempt would be made by
Canada to conquer the United States. The words
of President. Harding, president of the United States
and head of the executive committee of the Wall
Street financiers, who own, and control the industries of this country, as reported in the press, were
as follows:
• And if I might be so bold as to offer a word
of advice to yo», it would be this: Do not encourage any enterprise looking to Canada's annexation of the United States. You are one of
the most capable governing peoples in the
world, but I entreat you, for your own sakes,
to think twice before undertaking management
of the territory which lies between the lireat i
Lakes and the Rio Grande.
* * *
We can assure President Harding that the United
States is safe from any attack from Canada, and at
the same time we can also assure him that the slaves
of this country will take care of the investments
made by United States capitalists in Canada, and
at thc same time produce profits for their masters
who operate from Wall Street. Our local and Dominion representatives did not inform him of the
fact in public, but we can rest assured that he knew
it before he spoke.
Vancouver Workers
Protest Against Use
of Troops in Nova Scotia
 (Continued from page 1)
FRIDAY August 3, _92»
The Need for a Defense Committee
"PHE MOVE MADE last Sunday at the protest
meeting, held in the Columbia Theatre, to form a
Nova Scotia Defense Committee, is one that should
be supported by all trade unionists. Late advices
indicates that over a hundred men are now in jail,
and that the miners and steel workers arc without
funds to fight their cases.
* #       #
All the venom of the capitalistic agencies, including the press, has been levelled at these victims of
thc present system of society. The miners, realizing
the importance of maintaining thcir organizations,
have obeyed thc mandate of Lewis and his henchmen.
* »       *
But the return of the miners does not mean that
they have become reactionary; rather that they have
recognized that it is better to retreat in order to
win a greater victory, and there need be no fear that
the members of the district referred to, have gone
hack on thcir principles.
.        *        tt
But the steel workers and miners of Nova Scotia
need support. They arc fighting on the front line of
the skirmishing party of the class war in Canada.
Their defeat means a set-back to organized labor
throughout thc country. A tirade against Lewis
and the administration of the United Mine Workers
may relieve thc feelings of those who are opposed
to reaction in the Labor movement, but funds will
do much more to show thc men affected by the
strike, that the workers of Canada *re with the
militant elements of the working elass movement in
Nova Scotia. Kipling referred to the fact that many
wore willing to kill thc Boers in South Africa with
thcir mouths, but he called on them to pay, and at
this time, wc ask that instead of shouting and berating the reactionaries in the Labor movement, thc
duty of thc militants is to pay, and to pay quickly
and often.
The miners of Nova Scotia had an idea that when
their fellow workers in the steel industry were compelled to strike, and tlie troops were brought in,
that it was part of thc class struggle. Lewis, however, being only able to see the craft viewpoint,
played into the employers' hands. At least, this is
the most charitable view that wc can take on the
action of thc head of thc Unitod Mine Workers,
which is supposed to bc an industrial organization
run from the top, and on craft lines.
represented the ruling: class. He also
pointed out that the government be-
longs to the ruling class,* and that
class had the right t_ do as lt wished,
because the workers sanctioned the
activities of the government. He
urged the^ greater use of the franchise in electing working class representatives to the houses of legislature,
Caused hy Economlo Conditions
A. Boose, representing tho I. W. W.,
in opening, pointod out that strikes
were caused by economic conditions,
and were riot tho work of Individuals,
as the press had endeavored to make
out, and ln quoting figures as to ruling class extravagance and such Items
as poodle dog dinners, showed how
the inequality of the distribution of
wealth caused strikes and industrial
Secretary Donaldson, of the Federated Seafarers Union, said that the
appeal of the Nova Scotia miners must
be recognized by tho workers of Can
ada, whether organized or unorganized, for the Steel Workers and the
Miners had shown a united front, and
scabs had been hard to get, but the
ruling class had called in the troops,
under the pretense of protecting property, while the real reason was to
protect scabs.
He also made reference to the
strike of the seamen on the Oovernment Merchant Marine ships, and
made an appeal for a generous collection to aid the strikers fn Nova Scotia.
Tom Richardson, representing the
Federated Labor Party, In a vigorous
speech, stated that he was glad of the
pflvilege afforded him to associate
himself with the protest against the
use of troops ln the Nova Scotia strike,
and who were called ln with the ln-
test o'f defeating the strikers.
Militarism Still Rampant
Referring to militarism, the speaker
stated that in spite of the war for
democracy, that militarism was now
more powerful than ever, and that the
situation ln the East was symptomatic of the situation the world over.
He also stated that 'this condition
would remain so long as the means
of wealth production were private
property, for the government is but
the tool of those who own the means
of wealth production.
In closing, he stated that'it was not
sufflclent to protest, as resolutions are
not taken seriously by governments,,
unless backed up by organization. He
urged political action, backed up by
Industrial   organization,   and   know
ledge o fthe members of the industrial
Workers Have Short Memories
J. Kavanagh, representing the
Longshoremen's Association, in opening, stated "this ls a protest meeting,"
But, he asked, what is wrong with.
Vancouver, six years after Russia had
shown the workers how to do it?
Continuing, he pointed out that the
one thing wrong with the workers
was that they had Bhort memories,
and that they could remember such
things as charities organized by their
masters, but not .what those same
•masters did against the working class.
Referring to the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, he expressed the
opinion that he wished to see it built
up, to be a body which would know
no fear, and would voice the needs of
the working class. He also stated
that if lhe workers could not build an
organization to throw out Sammy
Gompers, thoy could not overthrow
Picturing a strike scene, the speakor asked, if the workers could ever
remeirtber troops being brought in to
protect the strikers, and he also pointed out that in view of the fact that
there were no troops needed to keep
peace or protect the borders of Canada
from American attacks, the only use
for the mllltla waB to keep the workers noses to the grindstone.
Rebels and Labor Movement
J. G. Smith, representing the Brotherhood of Carpenters, asked those
present what kind of a protest they
were going to put up? He asked, are
you going to be content with sending
a resolution? He urged the workera
to get Into the labor unions, and suggested that it was the duty of all rebels to Join forces with the militant
elements tn the working class movement. In closing, he made an eloquent appeal for a generous response
to the collection.
Troops Still Present
Following the collection, A. S. Wells,
representing the local branoh of the
Workers Party, read a telegram from
the East, ln which it was stated that
the troops were still present, and that
arrests were being made dally, and
that 70 men were already ln gaol. Reference was also made to the fact that
Jim McLachlan and Dan Livingstone
and others were Indicted, not because
of what they had said, but because of
their support of the strikers.
R. Higgins, representing the Lum-
ed la two minutes
Relieved in two minutes with
On, add, tour, burning stomach all quickly
relioved with JO-TO.   Drag Stern.
W.B. Brummitt
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Oovernment ot B. 0.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Tieacli and Camp
Special Prices
Striped Brown Turkish Towels, 18 bv 42 inches;
each 35^; 20 by 40 inehes, each 45^.'
White Turkish Towels, 20 by 40 inches; eaoh 45*f>;
24 by 45 inches, each $1.00.
Hemmed Hnck Towels, 16 by 30 inches, eaeh 35^;
16 by 33 inches, eaoh 40^.
Hemstitched Damask Border Huck Towels, 18 by 36
inehes, each 50^.
Hemmed Huck Towels, 19 by 36 inches, each eOtf.
Hemstitched Huck Towels, 20 by 40 ins., each 85^.
—Drysdale's Staple Shop, First Floor.
575 Granville Btreet        " Phone .Seymour 8540
ber Workers, Illustrated how muoh
the workers would suffer before they
would revolt agalnBt the conditions
under which they worked, by giving
an Instance of the conditions in a
lumber camp. He instanced the venom
of the press when the workers struck,
and the screen of poison gas which
was sent out whenever the workers
protested against the intolerable conditions under which they had to work,
and that thiB was done with the idea
of creating distrust in the
He also referred to the new force
which the workers had to face in the
detective agencies and gun men, and
the labor spy, who were there re see'
that trouble was started to give the
authorities a chance to use the powers
of State. He appealed for the unity
of the working class in order that the
oppression ot the ruling class might
be resisted.
A. Dinger, of the Oranlte Cutters,
stated that his organisation was behind the strikers In Nova Scotia, and
that he had been sont there to make
that assertion.
After the chairman had announced
the amount of the collection, which
was 187.02, and the above resolutions
had been passed, the meeting was
closed a few minutes after 10 p.m.
The "Famous" ean always offer you ready
ton-ear garments nf high quality at the lowest prices in the elty. We aell yoa the
products ot our owa factory*—that Is the
rUlllUUfS   gun; CO. Ltd.
Drugless Healing
WE hare been very successful In
treating the following diseases:
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Eosema. Genoral Debility, Lost of Manhood, Stomach and Bowel Trouble, ete, Wi
hare had many yeara of PRACTICAL
experience, ao we hare the KNOW*
LEDGE that only this kind of experience can give, when TOU want this
kind of service, REMEMBER WE
have it to give. We aik you to Investigate.    That's all.
Downie Sanitarium
814 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 608, High. 21341,
We rtprtiMt the Anctleu Uolvtrsltr
et DMiP-Ktic, SMttle, Wuh.
Ring up Pbone Seymonr MM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Salt*   Ml   Dominion   Building
MM CkwiU Stmt
Buds? ferric.!, 11 •__. snd 7:10 p.m.
S__-»r ichool immedi.1.1. foUo-rln.
morning iintM.   Wedneidir toitlmonl-l
?_.'__!• ■>! _'*., **— »«*l»i •*-»■•.
901-008 Blrki Bids.
1. F. Htrriim g. A. Fn,
Teen. lUrauu tl
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone, Highland to.
Cigar Store
The Oliver Roomi
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe lo Bat"
IN your faee to faee contacts with peo-<
pie. your appearance, your bearing and
many other things help yon to make the
right Impression. Bat in yoar fit-phone
contacts, there ii only one thing by which
yoa can be judged—-yoar speech.
Do yon cultivate an effectlvo telephone'
personality! Tour voice la you. In the
intimate contact which the telephone
gives, lot your voloe express all those
qualities which will liidune favorable ac-,
tlon on the part of the listener. It Is
worth while.
Tiro Short Worda, Bridging the Gulf Between
__.__",.fal.JS__*1____,-__Sf"'' *~* t*** *"••!» f—t «**•» tsutttmty,
wltt • SAVWOBj_-0ODHT--t_t But ralubli luit a ■_■ ua ton Iw
tk. "RAINY DAT."
Wl STRONOLT KEOOIOIIND yon ta lU.t nek u knout AT OHOl,
at ooo of oar Olty Bnasku.
HAHD-M tad (nun ...Ou. I. Euruca. IUomu
0«_ot» u« At Ml _____ ul Utk An. _____ smtatSU*.
whbib rov WUL uanra pboidt aid ooummvi Ammo*
Union Bank of Canada
P.R—If yen an IMai la • oonuunlt*- apt proTldtd witk Bntlii fullltlu. at-
-MM oi b, ____,•__ wi will _• ,Ud to l-ld. joo In rMp.ol to "Bu_!_r iy Mall." IlDAY August 8, 1888
fifteenth ifRAR. no. 8i BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
Look to Your Teeth
Every form of
Dentistry at
HaK Usual
Hygienic Crown
and Bridge-
Dental X-Ray
Delay Is Costly
Every little defect in your teeth
now will lead to other and more
serious troubles if they are not
taken in hand at once.
See me about your teeth—I will
examine 'them and give advice
entirely f r.e of obligation to take
For your own sake, have your
teeth examined NOW.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly member of tho Faculty of the College of
Dxntistry, . University of Sou.horn California; lee*
turur on Crown and Brldgo Woik; demonstrator ffi
Plato-work and Operative Dentistry, local and general anaoBthesia.
17 Years' Practice tn Vancouver
602 Hastings Street West
Cor. Soymour—-Bonk of Nova Scotia Bldg.
Phone Soy. 3331
Open Tueaday and Friday evenings
The Events in Bulgaria
Vancouver Unions
Ouncil — Preaident, B. H. Neelanda, M.
I A,; general aeeretary, Peroy R. Btngouk.
■ee: 80S, 810 Pender at. Weat. Phone Bey.
r>5.     Meeta ln Ubor Hall at 6 p.ra. tn
■ flrat and third Theidaya In month.
Meeta aecond Monday in the month*   Pro-
lent, J. R. White; aeeretary, R. H. Natl-
, P. 0. Box 66.	
Bova Street Weat—-Bnalneu maatlngi
■ry Wedneaday evening. A. Maolnnle,
finnan; E. H. Morriaon, aec-treaa.; Oeo.
f Harriion, 11811 Parker Street, Vancouver,
10., correapondlng aeoretary.
■ny diatrlet tn Britlah Columbia dealrtng
formation re aeenrlng apeakera or tha for-
lon of loeal branohea, kindly oommnnlut*
x provlnolal Seeretary J. Lyle Telford,
- Btrka Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Telf-
yat Seymonr 1882, or Fairmont 4988,
fcecond Thuraday every month, 319 Pender
Mt   Weat.     Preaident   J.   Bright-well;
aolal aeeretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
Union of America—Looal 180, Van-
Iver, B. C, meeta aecond and fourth Tom*
Ira In each month tn Room 818—819 Pen-
> Street Weat. Preaident, 0. E. Herrett,
| Haatinga Street Eaat; aeoretary, A. R.
', 820 Cambie Street.   Shop phone, Sey.
Realdence phone, Doug. 217 IR.
Joilermakera, Iron Shipbuilder and Help*
of America, Local 194—Meetinga bat
ii third Mondaya In eaeh month. Preal-
ht, P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraaer. Offloe:
Wan 808—819 Pender Street Weat.   Offlee
..j, 9 to 11 ajn. and 8 to 6 pjn.	
prloklayera or maaona for boiler worka,
J., or marble aettera, phone Brieklayera'
jlon, Labor Temple.	
ITERS and Jolnera, Local 452—Preaident,
■ W. Hatley; recording aooretary, W. Page;
ntnesg agent, Wm. Dunn. Office: Room
—319 Pender Street Weat. Meeta aecond
fourth Mondaya, 8 p.m., Room
it der Street Weat.       	
Jl third Pridaya in each month, at 148 Cor-
Wa Btreet Weat. Preaident, David Cnthill,
J$2 Albert Btreet; iecretary*treasurer, Oeo,
1-rriaon, 1182 Parker Street.	
IBteam and Operating, Looal 844—-Meeta
Jery Thuraday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
|kaple. Preaident, J. Flynn; bualneaa agent
1 financial aeoretary, F. S. Hunt; recording
iretary, D. Hodgea.
3 ID
Preaident, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Fireball;
itary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Fireball.
wry flrat and third Monday tn room 812—
0 Pender Street Weat.   President,  J.  R.
wthorne; flnanolal aeoretary, A, Padgham,
«• Road Poat Oflee, Vanoouver, B. 0.;
Kdlni secretary, Q. Tether,  2249—4Gth
"    C.
Miding seoretary,  _
Ie. Eaat, Vancouver, B.
bnion,   Loeal   28—441      —
mon, uuM_ at,—n. Seymonr Btreet.
ita firat and third Wedneadaya at 2:80
ii, Seeond and fourth Wednesdays at
0   p.m.     Executive   board  meets   every
tny at 8 p.m.   Preaident, W. A. Colmar*
less agent, A, Oraham,
Phon* Beymour
t CANADA—An industrial tinlon of aU
ire In logging and conatructlon campa.
Dlatrlct and Oeneral Headquartera, 01
vn Street Wdat, Vancouver, B. O.
i Seymour 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
-etary-treaaurer; legal advisers, Meaara.
->, Macdonald ft Co., Vanoouver, B. 0.;
titers, Messrs. Buttar A  Chiene, Vancou*
IB. 0.	
lOHINISTS LOCAL  182—Preaident, Lee
lorge; eecretary, J. &. Keefe; bualneaa
Jnt,  P.  R.  Bengough.    Office:  809,  819
pder Street West.    Meeta In Room 818-
I Pender Stroet Weat, on flrst and third
tn moiith.
tvHINISTS LOOAL 692—President, Ed.
pavson; - seoretary, R. Hirst; business
Int, P. R. Bongough. Offlce: 809—819
■der Street West. Meets in Room 8—
§ Pender Street Weat, on second and 4th
Bidaya In month.
FNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
lie Hall, Homer Street, aecond Sunday,
8 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
on Street; seoretary, Edward Jamieson,
Nelson Street; flnanelal aeoretary, W. E.
.lama,  991  Nelson  Street;   organiser,  F.
eher, 991 Nelion Street.	
ORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
Y Vancouver—Meeti 2nd and 4th Thurs*
i at 148 Cordova Street West.    Phone,
, 3510.   Bualneaa Agent, H. P. Collard.
I'ook Builders. Local No. 2404—Meeta at
IV Hastings Street West every Friday, at 8
..    Jm. Thompson, flnanclal secretary.
lordova Bt. Weat, P. 0. Box 571.  Phone
i 8708.   Meetinga every Monday at 7:80
Ii-   J. Pearaon, builneia agent.
j1.—Meeting nights, flrat Tueaday and 8rd
day of each month at headquarters, 818
Bova Street West.   President, D. Oilier
£ vice-president, John Johnson; secretary*
Lsurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
fa Street West.    Branch agent's addreu:
[Worrall, 576 Johnson Street, Victoria,
loyees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
P. Hall. Eighth and Kingsway, let and
Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p-m.  Pre*
nt,   F.   A.   Hoover,  2409   Clarke  Drive;
rding eecretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th
. East.;   treaituror, A- F. Andrew;   fflnitn-
secretary and business agent, W. H. Cot*
, 166—17th Ave. W,   Offlce, oorner Prior
* Main Streets,    Phone Fairmont 4504Y
iinerlca,   Local   No.   178—Meetings   held
' Monday In eaeh month, 8 p.m.   Preal-
A.  R.  Oatenhy;   vice-president,  Mrs.
1.; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, P.
lox 508; flnanclal aeeretary, P. MoNelah,
.. Box 508. 
et Rnasia—Vancouver branch meeti first
third Sundaya each month, 2 p.m., at 61
lova Street West. For information write
.ranch aooretary, 8. T. A. 8. R., 61 Cor*
Jt Btreet We|t, Yaneonver, B. C.
[?() GRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Presl-
fcnt, R. P. Pettlpleoe: viccprcBldcnt J.
Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee-
I, P. 0. Box 66. Meets last Snnday of
_ month at 2 p.m. In Labor Hall, 819
{Her Btreet 'West,
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
The greatest assistance that the
readers ot Tlie Federatlonist can ren*
der us at this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so yon
spread the news of Uie working class
movement and assist as.
They have a gun,
A "trophy,"
And  In front
On a brass plate,
Ia engraved:
By the Bedfords
Prom the Turks."
And on the back,
On a bigger
Brass plate,
"Made by
Sir George Armstrong,
Whttwotth & Co."
Ain't  war hell.
[By E. A. Buck] i
TVTEWS arrived recently, that the
government had been overthrown
in Bulgaria. In order to gain a better Idea of the causes of this overthrow, a retrospect of Bulgarian conditions is necessary. The fallen
Stambolisky government was formed
of members of the agrarian party
^(Peasants League). The majority of
the members of this party are small
farmers. It was as a party of small
farmers that it took over power, with
a programme promising the peasants
reduction of taxes, distribution of land
to small holders and landless peasants
limitation of exploitation by commercial capital, extension of the rights of
tho people and of self-ad ministration
ln the municipalities and rural districts, securing of peace, etc.
The agrarian federation government began Its rule with the Ideology
and polloy of a petty bourgeois party,
that is, with half measures. Many of
the social laws and reforms go but
half-way; they have disappointed the
small farmers, and given them little
or nothing.
Despite all his demonstrative hostility towards the bourgeois parties of
the country, Stambolisky's struggle
against the bourgeoisie was half*
hearted. He persuaded himself that
with, his bog farmers party he could
flght against bith right and left at the
same time. He persecuted the bourgeois politicians and the Communists
with tho same bloody terror. By hla
suffrage laws and (police measures he
prevented the bourgeoisie coming Into
possession of power again, but at the
same time he frustrated all attempts
made by the workers and poorer peasantry to improve their position. This
Intermediary position became unten<
able lu the course ot time; either tlie
government was in favor of the poor
peasantry and workers, and thus prepared for a complete revolution, or it
was against them, and thua served reaction, despite the comedy of the trial
of the war criminals.
The first great action undertaken by
the agrarian government was the
bloody suppression of the transport
workers' strike. During the strike,
the Communist Party was- outlawed.
Thousands of Communists and strikers were sentenced under martial law
and brutally Ill-treated. Many were
shot, The Labor press was suppressed.
The taxation policy pursued by tbls
government was as bad or even
worse, than that of Its predecessor.
The Indirect taxes were raised twenty-
fold. On the other hand, direct taxation, as well as taxes on land, were
raised but very little. In its agrarian
policy, Stambolisky's government accomplished nothing. It confiscated
land belonging to a few large landowners—supporters of antagonistic
big bourgeois parties—but not for the
purpose of distributing It among land-
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa soon as
they are due. and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
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less peasants, but for subsequent allotment to leading members of the
federation. In Its social policy it accomplished even less. It introduced a
legal obligation to work for the State,
but the rich could purchase exemption from this obligation. It .was only
the petty bourgerlsie and the working
masses who suffered under this obligation to work. Tho eight-hour day
has been done away with. Strikes
have been suppressed by the government by every available means.
The medium and big farmers bo-
longing to the agrarian federation
have been enabled to enrich themselves by utilizing their power in their
own favor; they form the new village
bourgeoisie and are the rulers and
leaders of the policy pursued by the
agrarian government. Thus the aga-
rian federation represented the interests and the policy of the village bourgeoisie. This was the beginning of
the process of disintegration within
this party. The struggle carried on
by the bourgeoisie parties allied in the
national bloc often assumed severe
forms. The agrarian government
adopted the tactics of attacking Ub
opponents one by one. After lt had
attempted, ln 1920, to crush the C. P.
with the help- and approval of the
bourgeois parties, lt followed thla up
by directing its whole rage agalnBt
the parties of the national bloo. The
whole of the bloc leaders were put
Into prison. Thla took place under
the pressure of the masses, who demanded that these guilty of the war
and of the collapse of the country
Bhould be tried before a people's tribunal.
Stambolisky's government let the
officials starve. The whole state apparatus was almost brought to a
standstill by the continued dismissals
of experienced officials and their substitution by totally Inexperienced employees with nothing further to recommend them than their adherence
to the agrarian federation., in this
way higher and lower officials were
rendered more and more dissatisfied.
A few months ago a number of Anarchists were butchered by the agents
of the government. After Stambolisky had utilized the Anarchists for
tho defeat of his enemies, he recognized that the Anarchlats were dangerous to himself. Therefore he had
them brutally slaughtered at a meeting. More than 30 men were dragged
to a barracks, and shot under martial
law during the night.
The Macedonians were also adversaries of Stambolisky's government,
The flrst Balkan war wrested Macedonia from the Turks, the second Balkan war placed it under Serbian rule.
During the world war, Bulgaria received the Macedonian district back
again. The peace of Neully brought
it under Serbian dominion once more.
The national Macedonian movement
ls not agreeable to the Serbian rulers.
Serbia demanded from Stambolisky
that he suppress this movement.
Stambolisky followed this hint, had
the leaders of the movement arrested,
prohibited their newspapers and disarmed the Macedonian bands present
in Bulgaria. The leadership of the
Macedonian bands is mainly In the
hands of the bourgeois parties of the
national bloc.
The Internal policy pursued by the
agrarian government has been weak
Central Labor Bodies and
Unions Join Against
New Force
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Salt* 36, Davis Chambara,
Phona Sty. 1071
Hams, 091 Nelaon St; Business Agent,
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.	
Pender Btreet West. Business meetings',
every 1st and Srd Wednesday every month.
M. Oarpendaile, corresponding secretary; 0.
Tether, financial secretary; 3. Halliday,
brunch organiser.
UNION, No. 413—President, S. D. Maedonald, aecretary-treaaurer, J. M, Campbell,
P. 0. Box 089, MeeU laat Thuraday of eaeh
Plans for Intensive Educa
tional Work Prepared
by U.S. Workers
Central labor bodies and Individual
locals in all parts of the country are
rallying around the anti-FasclBt Alliance In Its fight ngainst the introduction of Fascism on this continent.
Resolutions, apprising the Alliance of
this expanding sentiment reach the
headquarters of the organization,
East 14th Street, New York, almost
every day.
Among the latest adherents-to the
Alllnace are such widely scattered
bodies as the Plnlnsflold, N. J. Central
Labor Board, the Trades and Labor
Council of Christopher, III.; the Cen
tral Labor Council of Vallejo and
Vicinity, Cal.; Central Labor Union of
Newburgh, Ind. All of them have not
only endorsed the work of fighting
Fascism, but have called upon thetr
affiliated unions to lend their full sup*
As indicative of the support ten*
dered by individual locals may be
cited District Lodge No. 15 of the International Association of Machinists,
New -York. At a regular meeting It
declared Itself ln full harmony with
tho resolution ndopted by tho Central
Trades and Labor Council of Greater
New York in relation to the Anti
Fascist Alliance. A tetter advising
him of this action was sent by the
Lodge to Samuel Gompers, President
of the American Federation of Labor.
Local 2561 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters nnd Joiners has
also acted ln support of the iimi-Fns
cist movement.
In a letter addressed to thc Alliance,
William Green, General Secretary of
the Unitod Mine Workers of Amorica,
proffered his cooperation in the work
nf the body. Simitar tetters have arrived from other labor leaders.
Among these latter is James W, Kline,
General President of the International
Brotherhood of Blacksmiths , Drop
Forgers and Helpers,
PlnnB for Intensive work of educa'
tion among tho workers of tho
country, with a view to fortifying
against the encroachments of the
black-shirts, are being made by the
Alliance and wilt be put Into operation
early In the Fall.
and brutal. It has been based on arbitrariness and terror. The self-administration of municipal and rural
councils has been completely destroyed. All /nuntclpal parliaments which
were in the hands of the Communists
were dissolved, plundered and administered by officials commissioned by
the government. The suffrage laws
were so altered, that opposition parties found It extremely difficult to obtain access to parliament, and an absolute majority was secured for the
government. At the last elections,
tho Communist Party received aboufrj.
220,000 votes, the bourgeois bloc
about 200,000, and the government
parties about 500,000. Despite this
proportion of votea, the Communist
Party and the bourgeois bloc only
received 10 seats, but the governmont
party 213—and this quito apart from
the Terror, which will for all time
remain a classic example In the Internal political history of Bulgaria. Corruption and usuary have been in full
bloom during Stambolisky's government.
Fascism, lauded by the national bloc
aa a weapon against the Communist
Party, has been whole-heartedly supported by Stamboliflky's government,
In 1921, the Fascisti destroyed tho
People's House In Sofia, 'under the
protection of the police. The Fascisti
have been chiefly Influenced by the
bourgeois bloc. This founded several
secret organizations of active and reserve officers, and provided these liberally with money. Many of the leaders of Fascist organizations have been
In Stahbollsky's Bervice, and have utilized the influence lent them by their
position for the purpose of contriving
plots against him.
To those thoroughly cognizant of
the state of affairs in Bulgaria, the
downfall of Stambolisky's government
was no great surprise. This overthrow was Intended to be brought
about last year by the bourgeois parties, with the aid of the counter-revolutionary forces of the Wrangel army
still ln Bulgaria. This plan was.discovered ln time by the Communist
Party, and frustrated by mass demon-
tsratlons. But this time the conspirators have acted more astutely and
The expected conspiracy came; it
was the work of the Macedonians, of
the bouprgeols politicians, of the national associations, and of former active officers. The rebels took Sofia by
a systematically executed plan, the
soldiers went over to them, and the
self-defence organizations of the agrarian party and the police were defeated. Stambolisky's government was re*-
placed by a coalition government Under Zankov. Representatives of all
bourgeois parties have seats in this
government,, as also a social Democrat
Who belongs to this company. The
Bulgarian Social Democrats, as Is
well known, are a diminutive group
without influence. The government
rules at least over the capital city and
over the official telegraph agency. It
employs this last for the distribution
of unlimited falsehood; thus we receive from Sofia the report that the
leader of the Bulgarian Communists
has promised allegiance to the new
government. This one report may
serve as a criterion for the credibility
of tho others.
Who are tho men at the head of the
new government? In the main they
are representatives of all the bourgeois parties united In the bourgeois
bloc, and of the social patriots. They
are men Uttle known in political life,
mere figure-heads behind which the
Save the Forests
"CAVE   THE   FORESTS—they   be-
^ long to yoV Why burn it?"
So runs the flre notices, and slogans
put forward by the lumber interests.
All of which sound flne. and probably
would be productive of results tf It
were only true.
Should any person or group of persons try to take possession of "their"
property, they will quickly discover
that the forests are not theirs, but the
private property of speculative timber
holders, who probably never either
saw British Columbia nor the timber
they own ln it. These speculative
timber owners bough t or got their
timber limits from their friends In
the government. Almost nil the accessible timber clnims in British Columbia aro held by private Arms and
corporations for speculative purposes.
It ls true that ther-.* -.till remains some
timber in the hands of the government, but It ls almost all situated In
such a position tbat It would not be
profitable at the present time to attempt to remove the timber off it.
The lumber companies are very insistent that all those who may come
into close proximity to their property
shall be proporly educated as to the
necessity of being very careful with
flre while In the woods. That is a
very natural desire on the part of
thoso who own this property, but
these same companies should pay
more heed to the feet tlmt there will
be people alive nnd needing lumber
when they nre dead and forgotten.
Anyone who has ever worked in
tho woods, knows the enormous waste
of lumber that takes place. Only the
best part of the tree Ifl taken out of
the woods, because the knotty part hi
the top can not bo sold. During the
time thnt we were winning the war,
by logging spruce in tho Queen Charlotte Islands, more timber was left
on tho ground than was taken out, because the knots could not be used in
aeroplane construction. To a somewhat lesser oxtont, the same thing
holds truo with all logging companies on the Pnclftc Coast. This timber
is left lying on thc ground, and in a
year or two gets good nnd dry. A
spark ls all that Is necessary to start
'a blaze, and if logging operations are
going on in the vicinity, that spark
will soon be forthcoming. The result
is a blaze which soon burns up not
only the dobria left on the ground,
but nlso the soil on which thia timber
grew, bringing about a condition that
renders it Impossible for another crop
to grow for hundreds of years. Yet
we find these lumber vultures crying
aloud to save tho forests, white they
take no thought about anything else
than saving the timber until they can
get their slice out of it.
The lumber resources of this country are being depleted faster and faster
each year, but no heed Is paid to the
future. It is only a question of time
until there will bo a timber famine in
this country which about a hundred
years ago was wooded from Coast to
Coast. One thing Is sure, and that is
the men who at present own this for.
est wealth places the standard of in*
telligencc of the general population on
a very low plane. However, this ruth
less exploitation Is inherent In capitalist society, and will last as long as
that form of society lasts.
Buy now—and pay oh our monthly payment plan
—if s easy.
Hudson's Bay Company
leaden of the bourgeois partlea conceal themselves. The new government, In the declaration In which it
Introduces itself to the world, promises the restoration of democracy, of
peace and order—and always In the
name of "democracy. The same men
who seized power, by means of violence and conspiracy, without having
the people with them, and whose past
Is a record of reactionary deeds—
these same men speak of democracy!
A proof taht democracy merely serves
as mask for all reactionary parties.
For a comprehension of the further
events lt is necessary to know tho attitude which will be taken by the
masses of the population with regard
to the new government. The agrarian
federation is not a firmly disciplined
organization, one Which could undertake definite steps on Its own initiative. Should the new government
have been successful In plaoing the
leaders of the agrarian federation under lock and key, lt will master the
situation with eaee. The masses of
the peasantry who backed up Stambolisky are incapable of grasping the
Initiative for any sorious resistance.
The news so far received from Bulgaria goe sto show that many of the
leaders of the agrarian party have
fled, and are already beginning to organize a resistance. Thus civil war
would appear to be inevitable ln Bulgaria.
The Bulgarian Communist Party
can naturally not remain a mere spec,
tatbr of all these struggles. In no caae
can it support the new government of
the parties of the Right, for this can
only bring with it increased misery,
fresh burdens of taxation, continuation of the Terror, and suppression of
every revolutionary movement. On
the other hand, the Bulgarian Com
munlst Party can take no hand In any
action likely to restore Stambolisky's
Party to power. The masses of peasants are turning ln disappointment
from Stambolisky's government, and
are centering their hopes ln the Communist Party. They are preparing to
join forces with the working masses
of the towns for a common struggle.
In this situation the Communist Party
will place the question of the workera
and peasants government in the foreground—of that workers and peasants
government which is alone able to improve tho position of the working
masses in town and country, and to
guard the country against Fascism
and war.
Hand  The  Federatlonist  to  your
shopmate when you are through with
rp HERE -j nothing more dla-
1 tresslrg to the artistic eye,
or more annoying to tha business man, tha badly printed
By Placing Tour Orders with
Phones:     Bey. MM ud 7421
1129 Howe 81., Vancouver, B. C.
Keeping timber (or B.C. Industries?
Keeping alive a prosperous payroll)
Keeping fur and feather in B. G?
Keeping timber for manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Prevent Forest Fires
Full Strength-Pure-Can't Be Beat
For Sale at all .Government Stores
This advertisement is not published or displayed by Ijiquor Control Board or by thc Government of British Columbia. PAGE FOUR
fifteenth year, no. si BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY Auguat 3, 11
For an Enjoyable Outing
Take  the  Forty-Minute  Ride  trom North  Vancouver  to
Horseshoe Bay
—BY   THE—
In airy and' comfortable coaches, through gorgeous acenery to thin
natural  beauty spot,
Free running wator, picnic tables  Installed In a shady park, safe beach for
children, dressing rooms for bathers, and boats for hire.
Adults 70*1     (Oood day of issue only)   Ohildren 40^
The train schedule on Sundays ia bb follows; Leaves North Vancouver for sll
points to Whyteeliff for Horseshoe Bay, 8:40 a.m., and then 30 minutes past
each hour till 8:30 p.m.   Leave Whyteeliff for all points to North Vancouver 25
minutes paet eaoh hour from 9:25 a.m. till 9:25 p.m.
Purchase Tickets it 122 Hastings Street West, ox Ferry Wharf, Foot or Columbia Avenue,
Time Tables and Information may be obtained at Passenger Department. 122
Hastinga Straet West, Sey. 9331, and P. 0. E. Depot, North Vancouver. Pbone
North Van. 300.
Strikers Determined to Hold
Their Organization at
Any Cost
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or neighbor.
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_oi*_oa _I.trop.Ut_n BnU-Ill
837 Hutted St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B, 0.
TM.ph.-Ms: Stymour 0066 tad 6667
Why Let George Do lt
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does It.    Why not do lt yourself?
Mon., Sat.
Hon., Wed., Sat.
Wed., Sat.
... Hon,
Wed.., June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
527 Oranvllle Street '
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can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due. and' by inducing anothor
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try lt
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Men's and Boi;. Muleskin Boots;
Elk sole 13.50 and S3.S5
Children's White Lace Running
Shoes, sizes 4 to  10%, was
11.40, now  15c
Girls'    White   Lace    Running
Shoes, size It to 2; was |1.46,
now    50c
Women's White Lace Running
Shoes, size 2_ to 7; was ?l..fi,
now at    60c
Men's Blue   Chambray   Shirts;
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Men's. Wash Vests, to size 38;
values to 13.00. To clear $1.00
Men's  Bult  Dog  Brand   Khaki
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Arthur Frith & Co.
Hen's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(Between 7th ud 8th Avenues)
Phone, Fairmont 4850
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
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free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
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Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Decide to Return to Work
to Defeat Purpose of
[Tom Bell]
What the government of Canada,
with their troops and Provincial police, tho corporation with its millions,
the corporation press, with its lies,
could not accomplish, has been done
for them by John L. Lewis, International president of the United Mine
Workers of America. Lewis, by revoking the district charter, and deposing the district officers, has forced
the miners to give up the struggle
against the use of armed force In Industrial disputes, rather than risk the
disruption of their union by the commission that Lewis has sent Into the
Tho miners of Cape Breton, who
stayed op strike since the Srd of July,
have seen troops and police brought
against them, have seen the mines surrounded by barbed wire, withstood
the lies of tho capitalist press and
witnessed their leaders—Jim Mc
Lachlan and Dan Livingstone—arrested, but they did not waver In their
determination to carry on the struggle to rid the Labor movement from
the menace of armed force used on
the side of the corporations In industrial disputes. It was left for Lewis
to deliver the blow that forced them
to return to the mines.
Capitalists Rejoice
There Ib rejoicing in the capitalist
camp over this strike-breaking action
of Lewis. The capitalist press ls full
of praise for Lewis. For some time
past they have been predicting that
Lewis would take this step. How
that he has fulfilled the expectations
of the yellow press they chant his
praises, and In their editorials, keep
on repeating the phrase: "We told you
Topic of Interest at Workers
Party Meeting
A burning: question ie tormenting
the women of the working class, and
sometimes arouses the distrustful
curiosity of women of the "middle
class." This Is the trouble: Communism ls looming up in front of modern
society, and the women are asking
what their status ls to be in the new
Because society has evolved through
a variety of forms, so also has the
family varied, so also has woman's
relationship to society varied; once
free aa man, then man's superior and
ruler, and finally as society split into
antagonistic classes, woman's position
was that of an inferior, and at the
present day in spite of her newly-
gained franchise, she ls still the victim of economic dependence and capitalistic oppression, and also of the
grossest ignorance of matters pertaining to her welfare and happiness.
Woman's history ls also the history
of property, and as long as property
concepts dominate society, so long
shall woman remain a slave.
Working men and women who are
interested in the status of woman
under Communism should attend the
propaganda meeting on Sunday, at 8
p. m. in the W. P. Hall, 303% Pender
West, (near the corner of Hamilton
and Pender Streets), when Comrade
Curry will speak on this absorbing
subject, Comrade Harris will also
speak on an important subject, and
after the collection, there will be the
usual questions and discussion.
Italy Anything but a Scene
of Contentment
and Peace
More than 10,000 Burman and Indian laborers are involved in strikes
in the Burma oil fields and Ahraeda-
bad mines. The strikers are demanding increased wages and the recognition of wage equality between American and Burman skilled workmen.
A Unton Is What You Makr   't
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that It Is
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation In
union affairs can destroy. Why not
bo an active member, instead of a
Charter Revoked
Lewis revoked the district charter
and deposed the officials' under the
phrase, "the sanctity of contracts."
When the workers started the British
Empire Steel Corporation demanded
of the district officers that the miners
be ordered to return to work, or an
appeal would be made to Lewis to
have him carry out the terms of the
contraot. The district officers replied
that the strike had nothing to do with
the contract, since it was not a wage
struggle, and there waa not stoppage
of work clause in the contract. The
corporation made the appeal to Lewis,
with the result that on tho 17th of
July, he deposed the officers, revoked
the district charter, and appointed as
provisional president, a man who was
removed from office in the district by
the votes of the miners at the last
district election. Lewis then ordered
the locals to return to work immediately, under threat ot revoking the
local' charter. He has sent thirteen
"organizers" into the district to aid
the illiterate provisional president' to
smash the miners and leave them sufficiently crushed for the corporation
to handle.
Minera Aroused
The action of Lewis roused the miners of the district to fury. The local
unions ' .rned his order to return to
work. A great mass meeting, held at
Glace Bay, resolved to carry on the
strike, and instructed the district officers to stay on the job until they
were removed by the votes of the
rank and file. A parade of protest
was organized, and the miners marched from all over the south purl of the
island to Dominion, where a mass
meeting condemned Lewis as a servant of the corporation.
But the pressure was too great on
the backward    elements    among the
miners.   They had been on strike for
three weeks, all the forces that the
governments   and    the   corporations
wnd able to bring ngainst them had
been  used;   the  creatures  who  were
unable to get into offlce by the votes
of the miners and desiring to be given
offlce by the Lewis commission, worked to break the spirit of the miners,
The result waB that many weaklings
voted to return to work.    The Lewis
gang in the district was continually
threatening to revoke the charters of
the local unions if they did not return
to work.   This crated confusion in the
ranks of the miners, but it would not
have resulted ln the breaking of the
strike had not Lewis, through his lawyer, secured an Injunction against the
district officers, restraining them from
acting in any capacity as officers of
District 26, and also restraining them
from using the district funds.
P-i'lrt.'d (o Resume Work
With this situation to face, the miners decided to return to work, rather
than  have Lewis revoke  their  local
charters.    They  decided   to  give  up
the struggle against tho armed force
but to preserve their union in the Interests of the working class, recognizing   that   to   continue   the   struggle,
would split the ranks and give Lewis
a chance to split the union by organized locals of the weaklings, who were
afraid  to stay on strike any longer.
The local union appointed committees
to meet the mine management, and
Informed them that the miners wero
returning to work if there would be no
discrimination on the part of the corporation agalnBt men who had taken
an  active  part  Iu  the strike.     The
At the close of April, 1923, there
were 45,032 persons totally unemployed in Northern Ireland, and the
minister of Labor submitted to parliament a supplementary estimate of
£26,000 for the purpose of carrying
out approved schemes for the relief of
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and tho other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
doeB lt.    Why not do it yourself?
The greatest assistance that tbe
readers of Th I* ""-rntlontst can render ns ait thl*** *<u '*. is by securing a
new subscrl . By doing so you
spread the news of Uie working class
movement snd assist ns.
management refused to deal with the
committees of the miners, and would
make no guarantee that there would
be no discrimination. Wholesale discrimination of active union men is
now going on. The management is
refusing work to active men. The
member.- of the local executives are
blacklisted. All meu active -In the
strike are refused work. Lewis drives
the miners back to work, and the corporation blacklists the militant workers in an attempt to drive them from
the district.
Not Whining
The blacklisted miners are not
whining. They have fought the corporation since 1902. They made the
organization of the union possible.
They have been blacklisted before, but
atlll they continued fighting. These
mon are urging the rest of the work
ers to return to work so that Lewis
will not be able to withdraw the local
charters, and organize new locals.
They desire] the solidarity of the miners, so that they can flght In the future. The provisional executive of
Lewis hns stated that they will fight
against thc blacklist. This remains to
be seen. Their past records have
shown them to only too willing to do
as the corporation wished them to do.
Because the miners are returning to
work, does not mean that they have
accepted the "provisional government"
set up by Lewis. Not at all. The miners are returning to work to protect
their union from the attacks of the
Lewis gang. They throw up the fight
against the troops and provincial police so that they could better conduct
the struggle against the Lewis machine. They are determined that the
autonomy of the district shall be restored, and that'they shall elect their
own officers.
Lewis may have won the admiration
of the corporation, the capitalist press
and the Armstrong government, by
stabbing the miners of Nova Scotia ln
the back, biH the miners will never
forget the traitorous action of Lewis
that forced them back to the mines,
in face of the troops and police being
used against the Labor movement.
Lewis hns done this before for the
benefit of the capitalists. In Kansas
and In Alberto, (District 18), he sent
In his "organizers" and broke the
mners for the beneflt of the operators.
His latest exhibition of his anxiety to
smash the miners he is supposed to
lead, will rouse the rank and flle of
tho United Mine Workers, and they
will smash Lewis ln the Interests of
themselves and the working class.
Cost of Living Grows While
Workers Are Subjected
to Dictatorship
[By Eugene Lyons]
In forcing through hia electoral reform legislation, Mussolini demonstrated primarily his hold on the Italian parliament, and only ln a secondary sense hla hold on the country-
While there ls no call to underestimate the significance of that event,
it Is well to remeber that the Chamber
of Deputies was elected two years—a
period of crowded changes In Italy—-
and has been so repeatetdly humiliated since then that it has little enough
flght left, Even in the best days the
Chamber suffered from a nervous "Inferiority complex," it might be said.
Confessions of Impotence and futility
were Bpread on the record repeatedly
and the total yielding of its powers to
a Fascisti dictator' came almost as a
climax to widespread distrust in the
Chamber, a distrust most firmly entertained by the deputies themselves.
Of the state of mind of the Italian
population there are more tangible
indications that Mussolini's ability to
browbeat parliament. They are to be
found in the growing abstention from
municipal elections, the increasing
number of strikes despite extreme
measures agalnBt them, the continued
depreciation of the lire.
An excellent analysis of the situation from these angles is made by
Deputy Mislano, one of the shrewdest
of the Italian radicals and one of
thoBe moBt hated by the Fascisti. THe
writer recalls that on one occasion
when he had the pleasure of meeting
Mislano ln Rome, the deputy had a
black-and-blue eye and a nunhar of
bruises as a result of a Fascista assault. And that was In the early days
of Fascism.
Mislano quotes Mussolini's statements to the effect that he would permit differences of opinion so long as
they remained within the limits of
'murmurs." Well, the Italian people
'are taking ample advantage of this
right to murmur." The country, he
says, is everything but tranquil.
"The cost of living Is ever higher;
the ^-fc-orts decrease; the bankruptcies increase; the attempt of the government to cut the tariff on edibles
(sardines, smoked and canntd meats
and fish), if it has succeeded In causing a loss for the customs, has not
led to a betterement ln prices—after
a momentary halt, the prices continued to mount.
"The dismissal of thousands of railroad employees, of naval and military
workers, of pom tal employees, throw
tho country into new turmoils, The
workers are beginning again their
agitations. Notwithstanding
Fascisti terror the workers are obliged to flght their own defense. And
they flght.
Only of yesterday is the rebellion
ln Naples by the textile workers, although organized in Fascista unionfl,
who cried,' 'Viva Communism.' Of
esterday Is the fascista strike of the
workers in Monfalcone. And of today
are the strikes of thc building workers In Rome, and in Turin, of the government employees, of the furnace
men of Piemonte, of "the carpenters.'
"In vain Mussolini announces to
the four winds that In Italy there are
no more strikes. The facts answer
him sharply. Thc Italian labor world
Ib in ferment. The ranks are being
formed again. The squadrons are
being reorganized."
This picture of affairs is amply attested by other phenomena. Dozens
of municipal elections take place In
which entire bodies of the electorate
do not appear at the polls. They are
ofton coerced to vote. Some commit-
nitiea have made voting obligatory.
Fascista administrations, it Is true,
are elected, but only because no other
candidates are placed on the ballot.
Notwithstanding the rash promises
of the Mussolini forces when they
flrst took control, the lire Is worth
less today than then. In October,
1922, the dollar bought 18.97 lire; at
the end of June, 1923, It bought 22.30
Such ls the scene behind the curtain oi Fascista "victories." How
soon that curtain will be raffled remains for the future to show.
A lot of about forty Suits in Donegal and Herringbone Tweeds,-in shades of grey, sand, lovat, etc., all
good quality Suits selling regularly from $25.00 upwards. To clear—
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Farmers Must Have Economic Organization As
Well As Political
American  Labor Monthly
Deals with Timely
. Topics
"The need of a Farmer-Labor political organization is apparent, but
such an organization can. never be
effective unless it has behind it th«
power of economic organization,"
writes Scott Nearing, In the July Issue
of the American Labor Monthly, In a
survey on the present condition of the
American farmer.
Summing up the need for organization of the farmers, Scott Nearing declares: "First, the farmers must realize the necessity of economic organization. They must belong to leagues
of farmers which include all of the
farmers in the main branches of the
Industry. The dairy farmers, the fruit
farmers, the grain farmers must build
up their organization. These organizations must then be represented in a
farm bureau or farm federation. Then
the farmers and the organized workers must form a united front with the
slogan: The product of labor to the
H. K. Herwitz, research director of
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers,
and Edwin Newdlok of the Labor Bureau, Inc., follow with articles on tbe
textile industry. Herwitz gives a comprehensive amount of the facts and
figures of the industry, and Newdick
discusses the problem of leadership In
the textile Held.
In "The World We Live In: Footnotes to Current Events," a regular
monthly feature of the American Labor Monthly, the editors analyze the
causes and results of the recent Farmer-Labor conference In Chicago, and
the various forces and issues Involved.
"If a. party ls to be achieved, not a
third party, not a philosophy, but one
that will speak the mind of those that
'toll, no matter how timid or non-assertive it should be at the start, it is
a federation of all or most all of organized Labor that can do it," the
editors declare. "Any attempt at such
performance with anything less than
the. above minimum ls a political Imposition and doomed to fall."   -
Cedrlc Long, of the Co-operative
League of America, discusses the place
the point of view, of consumers' philosophy. Bryce M. Stewart, of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers Un
employment Bureau in Chicago, tel
how the problem of unemployment f
the men's clothing Industry was i
in that city.    Walter N. Polakov,
his third article on "Science and !
bor," takes up the problem from tr]
biological point of view.
These are only a few of the leadlnj
articles that go to make the July 1
of the American Labor Monthly, easll
a- top-notcner In the field of Amer!
can Labor journals, In Its fouruf
month- of publication.
A sample copy of the American i
bor   Monthly   will. be   sent   free
oharge  upon   receipt  of request a
dressed to the offlce of the America!
Labor Monthly,    100   Fifth Avenue]
New York City.
Pinna Forget
37th Annual
Undo* AuspiceB of
St. Andrew '• and
Caledonian Society
Brockton Point Grounds
(Prof.B.I-n.l snd Amateur)
Etc., Etc
Hear the Massed Bands
on Parade
wh. KAoxmnz, amy.
694 Dummnlr Stnet.
Leap tbe Dips
Old Mill
Every afternoon ud evening,
Adulte 10c;  Children 6c.
Wednesdays and' Saturdays
0 pm, to 12 p.m.
Fineat pavilion on * tbe Paelfle
Take Hastings Eut ear, No. 8,
or Powell St ear, No. 12, to tbe
Light refreshments at pavilion.
Every reader ot Tlie Federatkmlet
cats render valuable assistance by renewing their subscription, aa noon aa
they are dne, and by inducing another
workor to subsoribe. It doea not take
much effort to do thla.   Try It.
Always look up The Fed. advertUert
before making purchases.
storry & Mcpherson
Upstairs at 663 OEANVTLLE STREET
Freah Cat Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta,
Ornamental and Shade Treea, Seeds, Bulbs, Fiorina' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Haatinga Street Eaat        2—8TORE6i-2        CSS GranvUle Street
sey. tta-an       "say it with flowers"       sey. Mii-im
After-Eating   Distress
And all forma of alomaeb ttooblo, snch as
gas, pains, atld, lour, burning atomaeh are
all relieved In two minutes tty taking
lo-To toll by ail Bmgiieti.
Building r_re*pr_of.   Taa ut Showar
Moderate Bates
233 Abbott St.     Phone Sey. 581?
Fenrtoen Paaienger and Freight Steamera at yonr aervice.
Calling at all Northern B, O. Ooaat Points, Lumber and Mining Oampa,!
Oannerlee and Palp and Paper MUU,
For further particulars apply:
Phone Sey. SIM


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