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British Columbia Federationist Apr 6, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.60 PER YEAR
(/Opposed to Daylight Saving
Scheme of the City
■ "^
l\V«s Council Committee
\$rb Mass Meeting of
\ uilding Trades
(Labor to Play a Part in the
South Vancouver
Daylight saving will not be effective
in Vancouver this yenr if the Trades
and Labor Council has any influence
on the city council.   This decision was
reached at the regular meeting of the
council on Tuesday evening, and Secretary Bongough struck a note which
Was  well  recoived, when he said it
might be all right to fool the clock,
but you cannot fool the kids.   His remarks wero made during the debate
on the question, and his stand, so far
.. as the children's Intorests were con-
|  sidered, was endorsed by the council.
Delegate Pettipiece raised the question when he stated that there was a
'' Joker in  the  city council  legislation,
j and- that it was possible to put into
effect a daylight saving bylaw without
a plebiscite.   He also stated that unless tho trades council got busy, there
was a possibility of this bylaw being
During the  discussion,  tho  repre*
jt sentatives of many organizations static ed that they were opposed to daylight
saving, amongst which were the Sheet
Metal   Workors,    Railroad    Brotherhoods,   Theatrical   Trades,   Painters,
Carpenters and other building trades.
Delegate Dunn stated that one of
the school principals had found difficulty with the children last year when
tho   daylight  saving  scheme  was  in
force,   nnd  this  aspect   of  the   case
seemed to have more weight than any
other;   while  one  delegate  remarked
that when ho was engnged in munition work in the Old Country during
the war, and daylight saving was introduced, he used to see the sparrows
' eating the    grain    from    a distillery
when ho went to work on the regular
time,  but whon  tho  daylight saving
wns   introduced,   lie   found   that   the
sparrows   were   all   asleep   when   he
Avent- to- work, and he concluded that
he was nlong with his fellow workers,
the only fools, and the sparrows hnd
more sense.
It was finally decided to send a
delegation to the next meeting of the
council to protest ngninst any bylaw
giving effect to any daylight saving
scheme this yenr.
Child Labor
Child labor was also under consider?
i ation, and Mrs. Dolk, representing the
Journeymen   Tailors,   voiced   her   ob-
j  jections    in    most    emphatic    terms
t against the city grunting ifcenles   to
children of tender years to sell pnpers
on tho streets.    She stnted that children were allowed to sell papers on the
streets until 1 a.m., who were not ever
,   7 years of ago.   Delegate Showier also
^ voiced his objections to children  being employed, and their employment
sanctioned by the city.
Delegate Pettlplece stated tho civic
legislation called for licenses for news
vendors who were not adults, was pns-
■W? at the request of the probation
officer, while Mrs. Dolk pointed out
that in tho matter of child labor, boys
did not got the protection of the mini'
mum wage act, and it was decided to
ask that boys under 16 years of age
(Continued on page 3)
Tho _ 'ing Trades Committee of
tlie Van sr Trades and Labor
Council, hy r, lied a mass meeting of
all building, ayea workers for Tuesday, April ly.i-V
ThiB meeting has been arranged in
line with the policy of the council, ln
tho endeavor to organize the building
trades workers ln Vancouver and vici*
The building trades unions afflliated with the council, are as follows:
Bricklayers, Carpenters, Electrical
Workers, Lathers, Paintors, Plasterers, Engineers, Plumbers, Iron Workers and Sheet Metal Workers.
It ls expected that all members of1
those organizations will endeavor to
bring along a non-union man to this
meeting, who is following one of the
building trades, and that the building
laborors will be represented, as it is
the intention to form a Federal Labor
Union to take care of the workers
following the building trades, who at
present have no union which they can
become memberB of.
Building Permits
March 23—521 Garden Drive, Dr. A.
McMlchael, dwelling, (2500.
March 24—9.5—13th Ave. West, F.
Fnrnell, dwelling, (6500.
March 26—2272 Albert Street, H.
Kolthansen, dwelling, (2500; 11—
Georgia East, Rowlatt & Hawes, dwelling, (3800: 364—14th Ave. West, Ball
&. Page, dwelling, (3800; 3029—28th
Ave. East, A. c. Cowan, bake shop,
March 27—2042 Beach Ave., W.
Wallace, store, (1600; 700 block Oth
Ave. West, Alberta Lumber Co., mill,
(1800; 328-36 Carrall Street, G. P.
Adams, stores, (8000; 1093-5-7 Broadway West, G. F. AdamB, dwellings,
(5760; 1806 Cornwall, W. Jones, dwelling, (2000; 3206—5th Ave. West,
Cook & Hawkins, dwelling, (3500.
March 28—1051 Bldwell, J. Carlson,
dwelling, (3000; 1001 Bldwell. J. Carlson, dwelling. (3000; 1071 Bldwell, J.
Carlson, dwelling, (3000; 1081 Bid-
well, ,1. Carlson, dwelling, (3000; 851-
3-5 Pender East, Mac Juliana, storerooms, (11,000.
March 29—1560 Oranvllle, Robertson & Hackett, dry kiln, (2000; 1650
Gfanvflle, Robertson & Hackett, sheds,
—Drawn tjy Will Donuld for the Australian Worker.
Points to Sweep for Amalgamation in Labor
Deprecates Radicals Staying Out of Labor
Labor Movement Split by
Occupation of
WiU Run on Labor Ticket
for United States
Pasadena, Cal.—Upton Sinclair has
accepted the nomination for congress
tendered by the newly-organized Labor Party of Los Angeles, and the
Tonth Congressional District. In his
letter of acceptance, he Bays;
"The change from priwate capital
Ism to public service is the task of the
next decade. If you send me to Wash'
ington I shall work for it, with vote,
with voice and with pen. I shall defend without compromise the right of
the workers to organize and to prepare themselvea for the control of in
dustry. I shall stand for freedom of
speech, of press, and opinion at home,
and for the refusal of our country to
entangle itself In the Intrigues of predatory foreign governments.
"We in America have all things necessary to a great and peaceful civilization. We should stay at home, and
dovote ourselves to breaking the power of the selfish and unscrupulous
groups which now dominate our politics and industry. Let us give the
workers of all other nations a mode)
of ordered progress, of freedom and
industrial self-government. They will
learn tho lesson quickly, and when
they ovorthrow their exploiters, and
establish industry by and for the workers, let us give them our help and
sympathy, and not seek to strangle
them by lying intrigues, as we havo
done ln the case of RuBsia.
"Such are the issues of this campaign as I seo them. If you believe
in social justice and the rule of the
people, In Industry as well as in government, you will vote for and support
the Labor Party. If you believe in
poverty, unemployment, prostitution,
crime, militarism and war, you will
vote for any candidate of the old parties—it makes no particle of difference
Witnesses in Herrin Trials
Tell of Bring Beaten
Workers   Refuse   to   Join
Hands With
[Ry Louis P, Lochner]
(Federate.- Press Correspondent)
Berlin—There Is a conflict going on
ehind (he scenes in the Germnn trade
nion movement over the question of
aid to the suffering populations in the
IN. Y. Agency Starts Proceedings for Burns'
Chicago — Albert    Bailin,    double-
' crossing stool pigeon, has another un-
1 finished lawsuit on his hands.    The
criminal libel action brought against
j him here by tho Wm. J. Burns private
detective agency, has been continued
> until March, 1924, because the complainants failed to appear againBt him.
When  he  testified  in  the  Michigan
red raid depositions before Frank P.
Walsh, that he had sent threatening
letters at the orders of the Burns peo.
pie, pretending that they were from
radicals, and that the Burns executives had   instructed   him   to make
bombs and to get radicals to throw
them, the criminal libel warrants were
Issued in behalf of Allen O. Meyers,
the New York BurnB chief.
Now the suit has been put to sleep
JuBt as the New York Indictment
against Bailin charging use of the
mails to send threatening letters Ib lying dormant. Bailln ls willing to pro-'
ceed with both trials. He charges that
Burns does not want the/ New York
postal case to be taken up because it
would implicate Burns too deeply.
Seattle—The blacklist Is going into
I  effect in many mines near hero with
the raqulremont that employees swear
that they do net belong to tho United
V'"" Workors, and do not intend to
jpi". According to tb" document, n
r. h.er may not even "sido in" wilh tho
Alberta Workers Are Hard-
Pressed and Need
For some considerable time, the
miners ln tho Edmonton, Alberta, district hnve been on strike. This struggle hns been marked with all of the
usual features of rufing class brutality, including the usual police activities. With the unemployment prevailing In mining circles in the Crows
Nest Pass, tho officers of District 18
have found it difficult to finance this
strike, and the men have decided to
make an appeal to the workers for
assistance, and the following resolution was passed at a recent meeting:
"At a mass meeting of the striking
miners, District 18, Edmonton field,
where one of the bitterest struggles is
now in progress that has ever been
fought in Canada, between capital and
Labor, it was decided by a unanimous
vote to circularize, through the district office, all trnde unions in the
Dominion of Canada, with the following resolution:
"Whereas, District 18 is no longer
able to give us the support it has done
up to the present time, on account ol
bo much unemployment in thoir ranks;
"Therefore, be it resolved: That wo,
tho striking miners of Edmonton, in
mass meeting assembled,  do  hereby
re-afllrm   our  determination   to   fight
this strike to a successful conclusion,
and hereby instruct our committee (o
appeal to nil organized Labor, In the
Dominion, through the district secretary to help us financially toward attaining this end.
"Signed,  Strike Committee."
All monies should be forwarded to
Robort Peacock, secretary of District
18, United Mine Workers of America,
at Box 1844, Calgary, Alberta.
[By .Toe Carroll]
(Federated press Correspondent)
St. Joseph, Mich.—Though an adherent of the Marxian Communist
school,  as  he  slated   on   tlie  witness
stand in his own behalf. Wm. 7,. Fos- 	
ter, first defendant in the Michigan Ruhr valley.
criminal syndicalism trials, is not andl When it became evident that the
has not been a membor of the Com- m,hr populntion wns in for hard
munlst Party, according to his own|timpHi due l0 the fnct th(lt industry
testimony. Examination by defence jthere [s shot to piPCCSp thnt in many
counsel, Frank P. Walsh, and cross- pIacea p0Bttlli telephone and telegraph
examination by Asst. Dist. Attorney |Servioo has been interrupted, and rail-
Gen. O. h. Smith brought out that way servico affected owing to the re-
Foster had beon a member of the I. fusal of German railwaymen to work
W. W„ Socialist and Farmer-Labor under French orders, a nntionnl col-
parties at different times, but that he lection on a grand scale wns undertnk-
now belonged to no political party.       |eni  which  became  known  under  the
High spots in his testimony includ-|name 0f "Ruhrhtire."
ed   his   description   of  the   sweep   ofl    For the administration of this fund,
amalgamation sentiment through Am-jit was suggested that a committee be
erican Labor unions, his career as A..;f0rmed, on which there were to be re-
Keep Full Control of Governmental Machinery
of Republic
presentatives in equal numbers of lnbor nnd capital, On the other side,
the General Fedoration of Free Trade
Unions, as the largest labor body In
Germnny, was to have chief represen-
0. A. Mill
Tennant,  Cal.—Dave Larson,  lunv
ber worker, out on ball on a criminal
I. syndicalism charge at Yreka, has bcen
'*rearrested here., Larson Ib a member
of the I. W, W.
Montreal, Canada—Ash Kennedy
vice-chairman of the International
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers,
ls credited with the statement that
next year may see a merger between
the International Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen
Kennedy says also that the proposed
amalgamation of the 18 railroad
unions is a long wny off. as far as
concerns the "Big Four." The Big
Four includes the engineers, firemen,
conductors and trainmen.
Everett, Wash.—Efforts to encourage attendance at company "union"
meetings here by assessing fines, are
falling miserably. "Boomers" are being sent along the Great Northern to
boost the bouses' union, but even the
strike-breakerB seem apathetic to tho
purported lures of fraternizing with
the employers.
F. of L. chieftain in tho steel strike,
and In his organization of the Packing House Workers, his trips to France
and Russia, his opposition to treacherous union officials and his part in
tho Brldgman secret convention which jtation.
was raided Aug. 21, 19!_2, under direc- The General Federation accepted
tlon of the federal department of jus- the invitation, and it has aince onden-
tico and was the immediate cause of j vored to persuade every worker to Bathe present trials. jcrifice ono hour's wages to tho Ruhr
Foster spoke in a quiet, measured cause. The daily newspapers of the
voice that reached every ear of the at- j Social-Democratic Party, working in
tentive courtroom crowd. Both Ruth-jclose co-operation with the trade union
enberg, the preceding witness, and j officials,, supported the move by dally
Foster made exactly the opposite im- appeals to the workers to do their bit.
pressipn of that conveyed by the cur-1 Tho Communist members of the
rent cartoons of long-haired wild-[Federation objected. They said thoy
eyed Bolsheviks. Thcir calm, intelli- could not support a movoment In
gent manner ond unassuming presence .which the bosses and the wage curn-
had its effoct on the Michigan uudi- jers Joined hands for nationalistic pur-
ence which had been led by tho pro-,poses. They agreod that the workers
secutlon propaganda to expect fire-lln the Ruhr must hnvo support, and
eating haranguers, | Ihey also agreed that the French must
Foster testified that ho had boon be oppoBed. But they held that the
born in Massachusetts 42 years ago. .workers must stand lliolr own ground
He had been a worker nil his life and] (Continued on page 4)
is now secretary of thc Trade Union
Educational League. This league, he
said, is nn autonomous body, comprising trade unionists of all parties and
of no party, and working for industrial
unionism. When asked what the relation of thc Communists to the league
was, he stated that tho Communists j
supported the league and its program-1
me, and constituted about 10 percent. |
of Its membership.	
At the Bridgmnn convention, which
he attended on invitntton, he showed jWell-knOWn Labor Leader
how the radical and progressive workers in the past had failed because of
the policy of withdrawing from the'
unions and criticizing them from the
outalde. Opposed to thiB old policy,
he said, the radicals must get into the
unions, abandon the Idea of merely
talking, and Instead, go to work doing
the every day tasks of tho Labor struggle, and gain the confidence of the
When questioned by Walsh as to his
visit to RusBla, Foster said that he had
attended the first congress of the Red
International, that when that congress
adopted the same programme for America which he had advocated for a
long time, that he approved of that
nlan. When he returned to America
he had met once with the central executive committee of the Communist
Party, had urged them to adopt the
policy laid down by the Red International of Labor Unions, and had stated to them that he, Foster, npproved
of the Red Internalonal policy and believed that It would have great success ln America.
(Continued on pave 4)
of  California
Is Dead
Santa Cruz, Cal.—-Olaf A. Tvoitmoe
has died here after a long illness.
Tveitmoe was for years secretary of
the State Building Trades Council. Ho
was at one time survervisor of the city
of San Francisco; and had been the
editor of Organizod Labor, tho federation's official organ.
In 1912 he was indicted with 37
others in connection with the Lbs Angeles Times explosion, aB an aftermath
of which tho McNamaras, Schmidt
and Caplan received long sentences—
In two cases life sentences. Tveltnioe
was sentenced to six years In Leavenworth, but served only two months, as
he secured a new trial at which his
case was dismissed. An attompt was
mado to frame him after the Preparedness Day explosion, which led to the
Mooney and Billings cases, but It was
unsuccessful. For the past fivo years
he had not been active in Labor circles.
Japs Made to Understand
Just What  New
Russia Means
[By Gertrude Haessler]
(Foderated Press Correspondent)
Tokio.—Considering it of great importance, to get workers' news to the
workers, A, A. Joffe, Russian envoy
extraordinary, und plenipotentiary lo
China, gave an exclusive interview to
the Federntod Press in spite of the
fact that he is very sick, and has refused to see other correspondents and
local reporters. Joffe was 111 In bed
when he answered the questions put
"The working people in Russia keep
full control of the governmental mnchinery, for only he who works cnn
vote," said Joffe, In explaining why the
present Russian government is
workij-ginnn's government,
"Even in territories that have been
leased to capitalists for exploitation,
lbe laws of the land, which are made
in the interests of tho working class,
have to he strictly obeyed. As the
working men and women nre the ruling classes in Russia, they control the
conditions under whieh they work."
In touching on the reeent conference at Chanchun between Russia
and Japan, where he represented Russin, Joffe said: "Some good lias resulted from the Changchun conference,
though neither party realized its definite alms. The Jnpaneso on one hand
were at last made to understand to a
small extent whnt new Russia Is, and
What tone one ran speak to Russia.
Thc Russians, on the other hand, have
become a little better acquainted with
The Far Eastern republic, according
to Joffe, Is definitely a part of the
Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic, with the politicnl power In the
hnnds of those who work. As for the
Jnpniiese residents now In Siberia, according to all available informntion,
they are satisfied with the Rod government and desire lhal Jnpnn recognize  Russia.
Joffe's secretnry. Sergius C. Klivar-
snloii, discussed at some length after
the Interview, in J off e's name, many
aspects of lhe Russian problems of
today, lie was particularly interested
In telling of the educational system of
Russia, which Is so arranged that tho
boys and girls are glnd to go tn school
and do nol have to be driven to it.
He claims that ninny of the former
capitalists of Russia, who lost nil their
wealth during the revolution, are com
ing back, sincerely desirous of working for tho best Interests of the pre
sent Russian government. They do
manual labor In mnny instances, or,
If they hnve specinl training, they are
given technicians' work in the mills
and factories. Gradually good will is
being restored nnd people who nt first
opposed the Soviets nre becoming ad
Justed and co-operate with the gov
Shvarsalon wns an officer in tha Russian Imperinl nrmy during the great
war, and was wounded In the leg.
Wben the revolution came, be quickly
found nn important niche to fill, for
wilh his education nnd iraining, his
compiand of the important languages
of the world, he has become Indispensable to Jnffe as secretary In the work
being dono to promote amicable roln-
tlons nmong thn  Fnr Eastern people.
Workers' Pnrty Meeting
The Vancouver branch of the Workers Party will hold a propaganda
meeting at the hall, 303 Pender Street
West, on Sunday evening, at 8 p.m.
The speakers will be Comrades Car-
pendale and Dr. W. R. Curry. Discussion and short addresses will be in
order after tho two speakers have finished their addresses.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
German   Workers   Appeal
Against Militaristic
[By Louis P. LochnerJ
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Berlin, Germany—To lhe organized
railwnymen of Germany, whose total
number is about 1,000,000, the order
Issued by thc French command in the
occupied area, by which lhe refusal
to work at the point of the bayonet is
liable to punishment by death, Is "the
most monstrous and cruel act that has
thus far taken place in the new epoch
of history."
The German Rail way men's Union,
*ir>o,ooo strong, which Is affiliated with
the General Federation of Free Trnde
Unions of Germany, has issued an appeal "To lhe Conscience of the World."
In which iheir abhorrence of this action of thc French military is expressed, and in which the organizations of
railway workers throughout the world
are cnlled upon to raise their voices in
"Resides tlie miners," says the appeal, "the personnel of the communications system stands in the forefront
of the battle ngninst French imperialism.
"The Frenchmen and the Belgians
came ostensibly as friends of tho
working class. They expected by beautiful phrases nnd promises to win the
workers over to their side, But tbe
enlightened workers and civil service
officials know from tho beginning what
|r> expect from a foreign militarism,
nnd remained firm. Thereupon, the
foreign conquerors showed their real
face, and lhe whip was brought Into
piny.   .   .   .
"Brutality knows no bounds, and
leaches Its zenith in Order No. 147 of
(he Rhlneland commission:
" 'Whoever endnngers railway transportation by an intentional net or hy
intentional abstinence from work,
shall bo punished by death. Whoever
Interrupts railway communication seriously or for a long period, shall be
punished by imprisonment for life.'
"This constitutes perhaps the most
monstrous and cruel act thai hns thus
far transpired lu the new epoch of
history. It hns remained for the official representatives of a great cultural
nation lo erect this monument of
sharpe. We appeal lo the conscience
of the world, to the railroaders nnd
their organizations al home nnd
abroad, and urge Ihom In Hie name of
humanity to raise their voices against
Ibe barbarism of Frnnco-llelgian militarism,
The appeal is signed by Franz Belief-
fel, president of the German Railway-
men's Union.
"MineGuards" Methods Are
Exposed by Defence N
IBy McAlister Coleman]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Marion, 111.—Seventeen witnesses,
the greatest number to take the Btand
ln any one day of tbe present case,
told of the deeds of Wm. J. Lester's
gunmen at the second of the Herrin
riot trials. They were farmers, miners, coal company officials, taxi drivers, store keepers, men and women
from all walks of life, come to tell the
jury about the manner in which a
non-resident coal operator Invaded a
peaceful Illinois county.
Several of them swore that the
fighting at the strip mine began June
21, when a machine gun on the mine
wall, camouflaged by bushes, began
sweeping the country side and mortally wounded Jordan Henderson, an unarmed union miner, tha flrst to fail.
Others testified to listening in on telephone conversations between Lester
and Supt, McDowell, the day before
the fighting. McDowell boasted that
he could hold ofl a crowd reported to
be coming from West Frankfort, Johnson City and Marion. "Let 'em come,"
he told his boss. "We can handle 'em.
Some of 'em will never get here."
Farmers and miners picking berries
in the vicinity of the mine, said they
were stuck up by Lester's guards who
came up behind them nnd dug rifles
into their ribs.
There was a mass of testimony to
the effect that as soon as the white
flag appeared on the mino wall, the
flag upon which the prosecution laid
so much stress, men were Heen alongside of it and under it shooting away
at the attacking forces in the woods.
Several witnesses told of being beaten and jerked out of autos by the mine
guards, who stopped machines on the
public roads near the mine and drag-
god their occupants up to the mlno
office for examination.
"Tell tho union men we're going to run this mine if wo have to run
It with blood," said McDowell to one
of hla captives.    "Tell  thom  to keep
off ibis road or they'll have their	
heads blown off. Seo lhat man out
there" (pointing to a mine guard silting outside the ofllce with a rflle over
his knees). "That's old Paddle Foot;
he's a dead shot. Me oan kill a mnn a
mile away."
McDowell showed tbls witness a
mohlne gun which stood In the mine
office, called it a "real" gun and said
that It worked on a tripod.
Another witness told of being held
up by a guard who kept shouting "I'm
a man eater. I eats 'em alive. I love
hot blood. ..hoot his heart out and
feed It to mo."
When Stale Senator Glenn, for the
prosecution, nsked, "You weren't really afraid, were you?" tho witnoss answered emphatically: "2 was so scared
I could feel my hat crawling right up
off my hair."
Asked to describe the "mnn eater"
the witness said, "Mc was a mean,
snaggle-toothed fellow."
Be Mire to notify the post office as
soon as you chango your address.
Sacramento. Cnl.—Thp State senate
hnn passed a bill making It a mlflde
meaner for nny person wilfully to 11*
In giving Informntion for publication
In n newspaper.
Tuskegoe, Ain.—The Tuskegee Institute announces n summer school for
teachers, from June 11 to July 20. The
courses will embrace academic subjects, agriculture, mechnnical Industries, and manual training. Special
courses will be given for school principals.
Trades   Unionists Against
Criminal Syndicalism
Lansing, Mlch.~-ltoponl of tho Ml-
< higan criminal syndicalism law. as
demanded by the Michigan Stale Fedoration of Labor, will be considered
by the judiciary committee Of the assembly after the flrst of tbe red trials
In Berrien County has been completed. Wm. v.. Foster's fate is expected
to be in the jury's hands within a
week, according to advices from St,
Prosldent Albert Knot her of tht
State Federation, appeared beforc lh«
Judiciary committee, and was given
the promise of an early heurlng on the
bill. The commiltee, however, did
not wlyh to embarrass the prosecution
in tbe FoStor trial by conducting hearings lo repeal (he law under which
the case Is being tried.
Sentiment in favor of wiping out
this war hysteria statute Is expected
to develop, though sufficient strength
to kill tho measure cannot yet be predicted.
1\ \,. V. social
The Federated Lnbor Party will
hold a social and dance on Friday,
April li, at the Cnvcll Hall, 6300 block,
Fraser f-'reet. Instead of Maple Halt,
ns previously announced. There will
be the usual features of a social, including instrumental and vocal numbers, and speeches by the following:
R. II. Neelands, M, L. A,; Alderman
R. P. Pettlplece and Dr. Lyle Telford.
Dancing will also be Indulged In, nnd
the committee In charge expect a large
turnout, as all tastes wilt be catered
to and refreshments will be provided.
A collection will be taken up to defray
the expenses. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY April 6,  19
Published every Friday morning liy The 13. C. Federationist
Business Ofllce:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Olllce:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street
Editorial Board:   P
BenKough. R. H.
George Bartley.
J. M.
this or any other country as long as capitalism
prevails, for a world market knows nothing of
nationalities; there is no sentiment in business,
hut there is mueh profit and interest to be wrung
out of slaves, no matter what thcir color may be.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, S3.00 per
year; Canada, *>_.50 per year, {1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing In a body. 10c per member per
Unity of labor:  The Hope of the World
FRIDAY April 6,  1S23
Immigration and Arrest of a Worker
A NEWS ITEM appearing in this issue will indicate to readers of The Federationist that the
Fascisti of this country is not inactive. This article deals with thc arrest, through the instrumentality of the Potcrboro, Ontario, Chamber of Com
merce, of a worker who had the temerity to
criticize the employers of that salubrious city.
* #        *
This is thc city in which Quaker Oats are made;
how we do not know and eare less, but the member of thc working class arrested, made the statement that tlie girls working in this factory could
not get more than $1.50 per day. While Vancouver is not in Ontario, we could a tale unfold as to
conditions under whioh girls have to work in this
last glorious west, but for the time being, the
Peterboro incident will serve as a text.
No doubt the government, recognizing its function, has decided that its immigration policy shall
not be disrupted or retarded by any "agitator,"
for it has decided that for any mart to publish any
statements to retard immigration to any district, is
illegal. Hence the arrest of the worker, who had
the audacity to write on the conditions in Potcrboro, which with girls being paid the munificent
sum of $1.50 per day, which would naturally retard
the immigration plans of the government, was arrested.
* #       *
But The Federationist has taken a stand against
the immigration policy of the government. It has
expressed the views of the organized Labor movement of this city against the importing of more
workera into the country, so that wages could be
lowered and the workers driven to even lower
depths of degradation. But evidently, the Peterboro Chamber of Commerce is all powerful, and
can command more support than the underground
Fascisti of Vancouver, hence the arrest of the
worker who had the courage to write on conditions
in an Ontario town.
V # #
If tbis position taken by the government, is a
correct one, then every member of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council should be arrested, as
that body has gone on record as being opposed to
the immigration policy of the government, and has
written to the Labor press and the chief whip of
the Labor Party, pointing out that unemployment
still prevails in this country, and that immigrants
cannot hope to secure prosperity in Canada under
present conditions.
It moy bc illegal to publish statements whieh
will retard the immigration policy of tho government, but if it is The Federationist, does not care
a rap. The policy of this paper will be based on
the interests of the workers of this country, and
the working class in general, let the axe fall where
it will. In the meantime a member of thc
working class has been arrested, because he had
tho courage to protest against thc conditions prevailing in an Ontario town, and the enslavement of
the workers iu this country, and if that is an argument against immigration to this country, we can
only endorse it and appeal to the workors to rally
to the support of Bernard Markson, the man who
is accused.
Headlines and the News From
Soviet Russia
I J?1 headlines in newspapers were any criterion as
to thc importance or the truth in the "news"
of the day, then the happenings in Soviet Bussia
during thc past week or two have been the most
important events in the world. But while it has
been proclaimed to the world that several men
who obstructed tho government, and connived
with the enemy to overthrow that government,
have been tried and sentenced, and one has been
executed, if press reports ar true, we do not recollect that when any British subjeet was shot at
daybreak, that the capitalistic press headlined the
story with similar headings as have appeared in
thc press during the past week. Of course capitalistic justice is not barbarous; it is humane,
even though it calls for the execution of a traitor.
But aside from the trials of the traitors to the
Soviet government, there arc other matters which
have been dealt with in the press which have been
"headlined" for a purpose.
Onc of them was so worded as to convey the
idea that the Soviet government was about to be
overthrown. It recorded that some peasants m
Bussia had revolted against the administration.
The same process had also recorded the fact that the
agricultural workers of Norfolk, England, were on
strike against the conditions under wliich they
were compelled to work and live. But there were
no revolt headlines. But the strike of the agricultural workers no doubt had as much of the
spirit of revolt in it as did the- protests of the
Bussian peasants; but the Soviet government,
being a working class institution and opposed to
capitalism, must be pictured so that the workers
of other countries will be fooled into thc belief
they are not capable of taking their own destinies in their own hands and ridding themselves
of a parasite elass which preys on them. Such is
capitalistic newspaper ethics. The news is news,
and the views are the views of the master class
and the workers read and assimilate their master's propaganda, in the newspaper headlines.
Farmers and Political Action
[By Lucy h. WaoiLsworth]
ii'THlCY MADK a mess of it. Lot's
*■ see what youth can do." In those
striltiiif,' words a recent writer sums
up the underlying logic of the youth
movement In Germany. This is In no
sense a movement taking rise amoiflr
a ctefe.itod people. It came in with
the century, when bands of youths and
maidens, casting off time-worn conventions, went forth with music and.
song, seeking a closer relationship
with the great mother of its all—Nature, They sought her In field and
wood; they felt hor welcome touch in
the breezes that played about their
brows; thoy heard her voice in the
stirring of the leaves, the rippling of
the brook, or thc gladsome songs of
thc birds. As time has passed, however, this urge has expressed itsolf
spontaneously along a dozen different
lines—here the religious, there the
political; here tho practical, there the
O-Sthetical. But everywhere throughout the length and breadth of Germany is making itsolf felt the surging
life of regeneration, looking out ques-
tlonlngly upon this world-welter
which bids fair to become its heritage.
Nor is this movement entirely confined to Germany. "They made a
mess of it. Let's see what Youth can
do," surely calls forth an answering
assent from thoughtful youth the
world over. And who are the "They?"
Who, indeed, but ourselves—their elders who with them stand aghast as
we contemplate the mocking cruelty
of our times, or shelter ourselves behind the comfortable assurance that
things are doubtless better now-than
they were 600 years ago. Possibly
they may be, but what does the spirit
of youth caro for how things were In
the dim past? Its searching question
is, '"How are things now?"
What does it flnd? A world trying
to travel along two lines which are
diametrically opposite. It becomes
evident that somehow we have managed to fool ourselves, or be fooled,
into the most absurd {position possible.
We say Canadian youth is "unselfish
and generous." When he reaches
manhood we say, "Make a success of
things," which being interpreted
means, "Get all you can." Hence goes
the cruel absurdity. In order to make
gain we buy at cheap rates and sell at
high rates—"all that the trade will
stand," we phrase it. This means for
our fellowman—our "brother
style him—scanty wages and seasonal
unemployment/ This is turn means
not enough good  food,
°warm clothes, not enough room, not
enough heat In the house. This means
further, low vitality, sickness and
livos broken in industry. These now
become a charge upon their offspring,
who, struggling in the samo vicious
circle, find tho added burden too great,
and too ofton, love, the greatest thing,
dies. And youth, open-eyed, scans
our faces and asks: "Where is the
generosity of which you babbled to me
but yesterday?"
Again, In the world of thought, as
a sound principle in teaching, we
stress the dovelopment of ability to
think intelligently. But woe to the
■man who ventures to say what he
thinks lf it be to call attention to the
social injustice of the times. We are
content to make a feint at compensating for this injustice by philanthropic and charitable undertakings;
youth demands equality and opportunity. Again, we seek to inculcate fn
youth the secrot of brotherhood, then
suddenly we thrust the gun into his
hand and send him forth to kill his
fellow man. And we are evejj stupid
enough to suppose the attitude of
youth would always be "ready—aye,
But no; conditions are too thought-
provoking, and youth, If it is anything, Is clear-headed and daring. It
is accepting the challenge. Who are
the "They" the youth aaks? Gradually it is finding the answer. "They"
are the war lords and money kings,
with their undorlings, with their leaders in our business and political life,
who have made this "mess of things,"
"They" also, it must be confessed, are
the masses who have been kept unthinking because uninformed; unresisting because unorganized. Verily,
it is once again the tragedy of the
blind leading the blind.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
.New Cotton Ratines
Available in Many Effective
VERY popular fabrics are these Colored
Stripe Ratines with a hairline of black
or in all white.  Come 38 inches wide, at
$1.45 a yard.
Some especially smart stripe and plaid ratines are
shown in two-tone and heather-tone effects at
$1.95 a yard.
An attractive novelty of popular fashion is this
Sand liatine with colored stripes and threads nf
silver introduced; 38-inch fabric at $2.25 a yard.
—Drysilale's Wash Goods Shop, First Floor
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
Russian  Workers   Choose
Officials Because of
Theu Employers and the Asiatics
AS A POLITICAL football in British Columbia,
thc Asiatic question has no equal. It is used in
every political campaign, and has been made use of
by both of the old political parties and will no
doubt be used by the new one in the scramble for
* #        *
Thc Asiatic question is, however, one which can
not bo settled in any locality, and is only the outcome of the present system. Thc employers love
cheap labor, for cheap labor means larger profits,
and that is the only reason why asiaties were
introduced into this country.
* *        *
Many years ago, when the wholesale manufacture
of clothing was started in the old country, and thc
customs tailor had to give way before the advance
of tho cutting machine and other methods of producing clothes by the machine process. Poles,
Jews and many other foreigners wore introduced
into England, for immigrants, knowing not the
ways and the language of lhe country whicli
they enter, are more amenable and likely to accept the low wages offered, but which the local
workers  ..ill  not accept.
* * *
So the matter is net one of nationality, and
this fact has bcen proven by two local politicians,
who have in the past orated on a white B. C.
They are Oeneral J. A. Clark, member for Burrard, and Leon Ladner, member for Si.uth Vancouver. Both' of these gentlemen, iu a discussion
in thc houso a week or so ago, opposed the reduction of the number of Japanese fishing licenses, because the interests of thc canners of British
Columbia would bc hurt. In faet, General Clark
brought the matter before the house, as one of
urgent public importance. But we have never
noted lhat either Goneral Clark or Leon Ladner
have stated that the condition of the unemployed
in their constituencies was a matter of urgent public importance. If this fact is realized by _ the
workers, they will also recognize that thc Asiatic
question is a question for the employers. It concerns tbem, and they have the politicians to look
after Iheir interests, and it might also be possible
that in the next election, working class representatives \fi\\ sceiirethc votes of the members of the
working olasa in Burrard and South Vancouver.
In the meantime they ean rest assured that Hicir
masters' interests, be they cannors, or any other
type of employers, are being eared for nt Ottawa,
and tho Asiatic question willl never be solved in
DOLITICAL ACTION has been discussed in all
A. kinds of organizations. It has been condemned
in Labor unions, and farmers organizations have
taken a stand against any participation in politics.
* * *
Were it not tragic, it would be comical, to hear
members of the working elass, be they farmers or
industrial workers, discussing the question as to
whether they should participate in politieal action
or not.
From time to time, The Federationist has urged
a combination of agrarian workers with the city
proletariat recognizing that the interests of all
workers are the same in spite of the dividing lines
of eraft creed or raee. But the Vancouver Sun
has assumed to show that there is a difference between the economies of grain and the economics
of politics. This is what that sheet has to say on
this subjeet:
There is a distinct and yawning difference
between the economics of grain and the economics of politics, and whether we realize it or
not, political Canada is in absolute competition
with every economic association on this continent dealing with products of the soil.
Markets cannot bo created by the manipulation of government strings. Productivcity cannot be increased by a big farmer representation
in parliament.
Ths first paragraph may be intelligent, but if it
is, it is abstruse. In other words, incapable of comprehension. Profundity on the part of the capitalist press, is best seen when the present system is
discussed, and particularly economics. The economics of grain, is something which as yet we have
not reached an understanding on, and the economies of politics has never been explained. But
when we read in a newspapers-hat there is absolute competition between political Canada and
every economic association dealing with the product of the soil our argument was complete.
We do not know where the competition comes in
on the political field, but we have some understanding as to where the struggle for markets starts,
and as the Sun says, "Cannot bc created." Governments cannot create markets. They are as powerless as the farmers themselves, but at the same
time, the farmers can, only by lining up with the
inlustrial workers for the capture of political power
advance their interests. If they realized it, markets arc not what thc farmers need, but the product
of their toil. Thc eity worker is a wage-earner,
when he works, which is not often these days, and
the farmer receives a price for his product. But
the farmer and the city workers are both fleeced
under the same system. They are both sluves to a
capitalistic class, and the economics of politics are
determined by tlie economics of the present system.
Exploited on thc land and in the factory, thc
workers of all types, agricultural or industrial,
should have onc aim in common, and that is to abolish the system which makes labor-power a commodity, and slaves of all workers cither on the land
or in the mill, mine and factory. This, however,
eon only he done hy political action.
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
square miles to 1000 squaro miles.
They aim to got complete control of
the whole of the northern part of Australia, stretching from the top of "Western Australia to the top of Queensland, and run that section of the continent on their own lines.
Patronize FederationiBt advertisers.
^ Sbmetimos it is hard to understand the vagaries
of the capitalistic press, and thc Vancouver World
during the past weok or so has been more than a
puzzle. First it ask«d for the purging of the uni
vorsiiy, #nd then it took into consideration the
question as to why men lose their savings after
thoy are fifty years of age.
In days gone by, when we were young, sulphur
and molasses was a spring remedy which was freely administered when tiie trees began to bnd. But
when the workers reach thc age of fifty, we have
found that they had nothing to lose but their grey
hairs and bent backs, and they generally lose those
when they are laid to rest with Mother Nature.
But we cannot suggest a remedy at this time for
the World malady, but possibly some of the readers of The Federationist "may do so, /
Reply to Comrade Bennett
Editor B. C. Federationist: May I
have some space for a reply to Comrade Bennett's "Revolutions, Historical and Hysterical?"
If so, I take the liberty of setting
before The Federatlonist readors what
I actually said, fully assured that if
they will read it, and compare it with
his comments, when they arrive at
that windy explosion of forced breath,
"Jesus wept," they will say as St. Peter
did, when told of the melancholy
event, "and well he might."
Although my senso ^of humor might
be at fault, I laughed all the way
down until I came to the cockney
story, then I realized what it was all
about. Evidently the "gag" haunted
him like the slaying of the albatross
did the ancient mariner, and he must
tell It once ln a while or burst; note
with what haste he apologizes for it.
If Lenin and Trotsky ever have time
to enjoy the Joke, and laugh at Harrington, they will note and enjoy the
laugh bettor than Harrington himself,
being the genus homo sapiens—a
laugh is ever seasonable.
But the article in question will enter Into It solely because it called
forth two columns'of the most inconsequential chatter possible, and Is a
further manifestation of the humor-
pus apisode which the Russian revolution marked, clearly defined by me as
"Aside from its historical significance, which cannot be over estimated, and the unbearable suffering endured by the Russians themselves, lt
marks one of the most humorous episodes in history. A3 an example of
the sheer Inadequacy of human reason the literature of this revolution Is
unparalleled. There is nothing funny
or stupid written nbout the eruption
of Mount Pelee, Anyone who has
written of that disaster can, on matters of fact, be givon full credit, Thero
might be variance as to the cause,
'But of Russia, ye Gods! From the
daily song of hate by the Communists
(some of whom lacked the courage to
call themselves so), of all who did not
turn when father turned, now changed to a bunny hug, clinglng-vino "vac-
tic" with every petty trafficker Jn working class officialdom, to the lamentation of the mighty and their hired la-
mentors and sobsters, Is surely comedy enough for pne short life."
For the rest—a Socialist to me Is
one who knows that the evils which
afflict the working class are social, not
moral; that ho is robbed by a class,
and as a class, not by the grocery man
or the tax collector, or the landlord;
that the interests of his class are opposed to those of tho owning class.
The only possible remedy for the bettering of his class, lies in the overthrow of private ownorship of the
means of woalth production. Such
convictions will prompt ono to view
all things social- from the standpoint
of working class wolfare, I mean
prompt, too,
IT permissible I Would suggest that
Fred Hartmand and the anti-MarxlBt
Slmkhovitch bo enshrined with Buor-
uarroti and Babeuf; tho former for
l-Is-articlo In tho Radical Review, Oct
Dec, 1918, tho latter for his footnotes, as thoy evidently comprise the
font of wisdom and tho all-sufficient
source of Marxian knowledge.
And "let mo whisper ln your lug,
the Pope's noldiers were unfortunate
in lacking "tlio dialectic" whereby
hole-ln-the-cnrner hiding might bo
deemed tactics; unwarranted surrender, a vindictive and gross treachery
as discipline.   Yours truly,
Moscow—Thirty factory managers
not enough | are looking for a Job as a result of a
contest just ended on Who Is tho Best
Factory Manager, in and around Mos>
cow. It was conducted by means of
letters sent to Pravda, the Moscow
dally, by workers In factories, all of
whom were invited to describe and
criticize their director from the stand
point of his management, his production record, and his care of the workors under him. Thirty managers have
boen flred as a result.
A festive banquet in the corridors
of the Pravda editorial headquarters
was given to the manager-winners, togethor with the worker correspondents
who had written the most intelligent
letters. Arehangclsk, manager of the
largest cloth factory of the Moscow
clothing trust, stood at the head of the
list, and announced in a jesting speech
that this new honor would be a great
emcarrassment to him, "Since now
that I have a reputation to maintain
as tbe best of the best, how will I ever
dare refuse a worker anything?"
Beef Trust Has Pull Power
in Northern
[By W. Francis Ahern]       .
(Federated Press Correspondents
Sydney, N. S. W.—Vestey Brothers,
ho have immenso beef interests in
all parts of the world, and are best-
known as the British Beef Trust, now
control the northern territory of Australia, where they have Immense cattlo ranches and huge meat works.
For the last ten years, Vestey Bros.
have been purchasing vast ranch territories, until today they own 30,000
square miles of the northern territory,
purchased in holdings of from 7000
rpUE Largest Stock of Ladies'
* Spring Suits, Dresses and
Coats ln the West.
Our display of 1923 styles is magnificent. It is complete as to style—
offors a full rango of the new shades.
Wu have garments to suit any taste
—to  meet any parse.
Oar Prices Are Exception*!!!
From Maker
To Wearer
Near Oruvllli
If you live out of town, send for onr
Mall Order Catalogue. Free on request. We guarantoo satisfaction or
refund your money.
Ring np Phone Seymour 2884
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*.   301   Dominion   Building
Arthur Frith & Co.
Silt:. Main Street
Between   Seventh   and   Eighth
We stock Amherst Shoes for
Men and Boys at prices that are
Mon's hoavy tan Duck Work
Boots, extra heavy gray sole;
solid rubber heel;      -DtO OC
6 to 11.   Special $-*eZ/D
Men's genuine Ked Fox Outing
Tl $1.90
Men's Work Punts, d»|   Qt*
up from tplaa/O
Mon's Blue and White Stripe
Stifle Bib Overalls.   &t*   Qg
Special vlivO
Men's extra rftrong ^Q QC
Khaki Overalls....      *J.__..t/0
Phono Fairmont 4850
Kindling tree
tUt tiRANVILLK Sey. saoo
1160 Georgia stmt
Sanday lervleea, 11 ..te. and 7:30 p.m.
Bandar achool immediately following
morning rorvlce. Wi'dnosday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
901.903 Birlta Bldg.
B. F. Harmon 8. A. Perry
Thon. Fairmont 58
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401.408 Metropolitan Bnlldlng
837 Haitingi St. W. VAHOOW8B, B. O.'
Telephone*: Seymoar 6066 ud 6667
Drugless Healing
THIS business colls for tho best
nquipmont, booked br tho bust
liHiiiiin judgment and skill. It noeds
inon who can show ft record; who
cnn repeat, and If necessary, boat
their own record, WK huve the
■' equipment, and this Is what we al*
ways want to do—BEAT OUR OWN
wo hnvo it to give.
Downie Sanitarium
814 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 21341.
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
Offlee No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone, Highland 90,
Cigar Store
Loaf Distance Telephone Sirr.ce a Baal
Asitt to tho Exacting Business Man.
THERE are few advantages In modern
business to be compared in actual value
with the aervice yoar own offlco telephone
Ib prepared at any moment of the day or
night to supply you with,
At a minimum outlay in minutes, you
can get In direct touch with your desired
party, possibly hundreds of miles away,
whore postal or other delay would be a
decided drawback. Correspondence cannot compete with tho speed of telephone
service, besides which consider carefully
tbe undoubted advantages of a personal
Two Short Words, Bridging tke Gulf Between
Hare ron protected yoan.lt and roar testily againat ineh M emergency,
with a SAVINGS ACCOUNT— the moit .alnablo Auel t man ean hare lor
the "RAINY DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND ,on to atari inch an aeeonnt AT ONOE,
at one of onr Wty Branohei.
HASTINOS and SETMOUB Geo. 8. Harrison. Manager
Cordora and Abbott Main and 25th Ave. Main and Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.H.—It you are living in a community not provided with Banking facilities, address os by mail, and we will be glad to guide yon in respect to "Baking by Mail," 1 •
fRIDAT April 6,  1923
L  Usual
2    Prices
Expression Plates
Gall and let me examine your
teeth and advise you. I will
give you an estimate on the
cost of putting them in proper
Bridgework and Crowns
Extraction of Teeth,     Gold, Porcelain and Al-
HALF PRICE loy Fillings, Half Price.
My work is thorough—I give 15-year written guarantee
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Seymour
Phone, Seymour 8331
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
lumber workers'
news And views
Vancouver Unions
Council — President,  R. H. Neelands,   U.
j. A; general secretary, Percy R. Bengough.
iffico: BG8, 319 Pender St. West. Pbone Sey.
■195.     Meets in Labor HaU at 8 p.m. on
he flrst and th ird Tuesdays in month.
I  Meots second Monday in tho month.   'Pre-
Ident, J. It. White; secretary, R. H. Nool-
hUb. P. 0. Box 60
.iAKKUi'   SALESMEN,  LOOAL 871—Meets
socond Thursday every month, 819 Pender
i treet   West,      President,   J.   Brightweoll;
nanciul   secretary,   H.   A.   Bowron,    2849
•urns Street
i AL Union of America—Local 120, Van-
ouver, B. 0., moots second and fourth Tuesdays in each month in Room 818—819 Pen*
•er Stroet Wost. Presidont, C. E. Herrett,
1 Hastings Stroet East; Becrotary, A. R,
'ini, 320 Cambio Street. Shop phone, Sey.
j-703. Rosidenoe phone, Doug. 217IR.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
(rs of America, Local 194—Meetings first
•id third Mondays in each month, Presl-
ont, P. Willis; secrotary, A. Fraser. Offico:
.oom 803—319 Pender Stroet West. Offlco
iours, 9 to 11 n.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.	
Bricklayers and masons—-it you need
bricklayers or masons for boiler works,
ve.,   or   marl-In setters,   phone  Bricklayers'
■ rilon, Labor Temple. 	
1 TERS and Joiners, Local 452*—President,
m. Dunn; recording secretary, Goo. Snell;
usinesB agent, Goo. H. Hardy. Offloe:
oom 804—319 Fender Street West Moeta
jcond and fourth Mondays, 6 p.m., Room 6,
;19 Pendor Street West.	
IVIO   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meets   flrat
Ind third Fridays in each month, at 148 Cov-
ova Street West. Presidont, David Cuthlll,
852 Albort Stroet; secretary*treasurer, Geo.
BrrJBon, 1385 Woodland Drive.	
Steam and Operating, Local 844—Meots
very Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
cmple. Secretary-treasurer, N. Greon, 953
ornhy Street. Phono Soy. 704.3R. Record-
ig secretary, J. R. Campbell, 808 First
.iroot, North Vancouver.
jf dova Stroot West Educational meetings overy Sunday evening, 8 o'clock. Business meetings every Wodnesday ovening. A.
iaclnnis, chairman; E. H. Morrison, soc-
it.tt.1.; Georgo D. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
.rive, Vancouver, B. C, corresponding sec-
I President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
jcrotary, 0. A. Watson, No. 3 Firohajl.
Union, Local 28—141 Seymour Street,
ieets first and third Wednesdays at 3:30
|tn. Second nnd fourth Wednesdays at
130 p.m. Executivo board moets every
taeday at 3 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar
ustness agont, A. Graham,    Phono Soymour
I OF CANADA—An industrial union of all
orkers In logging and construction.camps,
last District and General Headquarters, 61
irdova Streot Wost, Vancouver, B. 0.
f.ono Soymour 7856. J. M. Clarko. goneral
cretarytreasuror; legal advisers, Messrs.
rd, Macdonald & Co., Vancouvor, B, 0.;
L.litt>rs, Messrs. Buttar & Chieno, Vuucou-
. B. C.
iffelTNIBTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
(George; secretary, J. G. Keefe; business
ont, P. R. Bengough. Offlco: 309, 319
■ndcr Street West. Meets in Room 81B—
p Pender Streot WeBt, on first and third
uradays In month. 
iCHINISTS LOCAL 692—Presidont, Ed.
Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
snt, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 309—319
ndor Stroet Wost. Moets in Room 8—
9 Pendor Street West, on Becond and 4th
osdays In month.
BUNION, Local 145, A. P. of M,—Meets at
V'OSfl Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
LlO a.m. Presidont, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
[Bson Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
iK Nolson Street; financial secrotary, W. E,
Illlams,   991  Nelson  Stroet;   organizer,  F.
.tchor, 991 Nelson Street,	
.TORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
., Vaneonver—Meots 2nd and 4th Thurs-
■s at 148 Oordova Street West. Phone,
f. 3510. Business agent, R. A, Baker.
>ock Builders, Local No. 2404—Moots In
ior Hall, 319 Pender Stroot Wost every
I and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m. Jas. Thomp-
, financial secretary.
iordova Stroot West, P. 0. Box 571. Phone
'. 8703. Meotings every Monday at 7:80
... P. Hockaday, business agent.
it.—Meoting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
I lay of each month at headquarters, 318
■dova Street West. President, D. Gilles-
: vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
asurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor
■* Street Wost, Braneh agent's address:
n. Franclo, 1424 Government Street, Vie-
■ la, B. 0. ___
Iployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
\ P. Hall, Eighth and Klngsway,  1st and
au Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m.- Preient,   F.   A.  Hoover,   2409  Clarke  Drive;
Wording secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
' F. Andrew; financial secretary and busl-
sb agent, W. H. Cottrell,  166—17th Ave.
sst.   Offlco, corner Prior and Main Streets,
ono, Fairmont 4504Y.	
America, Local No. 178—Meetings hold
it Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
it, A. R, Gatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
pc; recording secretary, C, McDonald, P.
.Box 603; financial secretary, P. McNoish,
P. Box 503
•let Russia—'Vancouvor branch meots first
1 third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
■dova Streot West. For Information write
"branch secretary. S. T. A. S. R.. 61 Cor-
n Stroot West, Vancouver, B. C.
'OGRAPHIOAL   UNION   NO,   226—Pro-
Iident, Wm. Sklnnor; vice-president, A.
ikor; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,
0. Box 66, Moots last Sunday of oach
ith at 2 p.m
187—President, J. J. Begg; vice-president,
' J. Stewnrt: secretary-troosuror. L, C
bert.   P. 0. Box 476, Nnnalmo, B. C
Knob    rupert    typographical
IjNTON, No. 418—President, S. D. Mac-
K.alri. socretary-trensurer, J. M. Campbell,
¥o. Box 689. Meets last Thursday of each
I'Aand your neighbor this copy of
Federatlonist,    and    then    call
[round next day for a subscription.
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Sacramento, Cal.—Barney Brooks,
D. C. Russell and Joseph Wagner are
held here on criminal syndicalism
charges. Eight other men on trial on
the same charge have not yet secured
a jury, a week after the beginning of
the trial.
Wo dcllvor the smallest of orders free.
123 Hastings St. ——Sey. 3262
830 Granville Strcctr-Soy. 866
1191 GranvUle St. — Sey. 6141)
3260 Main Streot Fair. 1683
Choice    Middle    of    Pork,
practically no bone 16 Hie
Choice Pot Roast, from, per
tb    8c
Choice   Oven   Roasts,   from,
per   lh 10c
Choice Rolled Roasts; from,
per ft 180
Choice   lioltiiiK   Beef,   from,
per lb    8c
Choice Boneless Stew Beef,
2 lbs. for 25c
FineBt Pork Loins, lb 28c
Choicest of Corn Beof.
from, Ih	
We have about 200 Finest Hind
Leg Smoked Hams, weighing
about 10 lbs. each, specially
cured for our Easier trade and
very mild. Special OQij*
Saturday     mej 2 C
Sinter's    Small    Easter   Hams.
per lb.	
Extra Special
Slater's Famous Cottage
Rolls, sugar cured and
weighing from 4 to 7 lbi
regular 28c Ib.
Saturday, lb	
Butter! Butter!
Choicest Alberta Creamery Butter for Saturday.       d»1   Qfl
Special,  3  lbs  «P_l«O0
Butter! Butter!
Choicest   New   Zealand   Butter.
Selling at
3 Ibbs. for	
Slater's Famous Sliced Ayrshire Bacon,
per Ib	
Sliced Streaky Bacon, selling at,
per lb 40c and 45c
Sliced Ayrshire Back Bacon, per
lb  35c
Sinter's   Dry  -Mealy   Spuds,
100-Ib. sack, do-        ftfi
llvered, for   OOC
B. C. Fresh Eggs, dozen 25c
Finest Comb Honey  35c
At Slater's Stores
If you go uip on Saturday's boat you
go right to the camp at the head of
the Inlet; if you go up. on Tuesday's
boat you get off at Pender Harbor,
and make the rest of the trip on a
gas boat which takes from nine to
ten hours to make the trip, dumping
you off at two or three o'clock in the
morning, or perhaps you may have
to stay at Pender Harbor overnight
and go up to the camp next day.
When you land off the boat your
flifat Job Is to climb up 2,000 feet to
the camp. The bunkhouses are
flimsy affairs with single board floors
and lots of cracks in them to let the
air In. This saves having to put In
ventilators in the roof. In fact it
works two ways; lt saves lumber for
flooring and dispenses with the need
for ventilators. Single beds, blankets and towels furnished for 16 cents
per day. Wash house, bath house
and dry room just about large enough
for one man. Good white cook, if
the company would furnish him with
anything to cook, board $1.20 per
day. I undrestand they have a pay
day on the 15th of each month, that
is providing you stay long enough.
If you happen to quit, which you are
reasonably certain of doing shortly
after your arrival in camp, you aru
paid off with a time check which you
will have to go to New Westminster
to get converted into a tank cheque.
They don't like active union men
in this camp, which can be readily
understood from the above description. They are afraid that active
union men might wake the plug up
and point out to him the actual conditions he is living under, seeing that
at present he seems to be asleep.
Now is the time for real union men
to get busy and see about our getting back the conditions we fought
tor and won three years ago.   We did
'it once;  we can do lt again If everyone would get busy.
This ls a small oamp and saw mlh
of 40,000 feet capacity. The mill is
operated by one company, the logging
camp by another, the operators of
the camp being Hosfall and Jordan,
two farmers who some yearB ago
owned some timber claims here.
The falling and bucking has been
let out by contract to a man named
Hall, who fn turn hires fallers and
buckers by the day, and expects them
to work as he and his partners do.
All the men working on the rigging
and yarding are settlers of this district, usually known as stump ranchers. Many of them go home at nlghi
to their farms. They are more interested in their petty farming life than
in building an organisation to flght
for the protection of the men who
work in the camps, consequently they
are poor material to work upon.
This camp is fair; single bunks,
pretty good wash house and bath
house. The bunkhouses are not any
too good, but will pass. The camps
are on floats, which fact helps to
keep them cold. The grub is O.K,
About 20 men here, most of thero*
relatives of the owners.
Freedom of Action May Be
Denied Under French
[By Louts P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Essen, Germany—"Why do the
workers in the Ruhr valley stick to
the German Republic," I asked an old,
gray-haired Labor leader, a metal
worker by trade, and now editor of a
Labor paper. "Why does it make any
difference to them whether they are
exploited by German or French
bosses?" I added, by way of further
drawing him out. Here was his answer:
"Although the political revolution
of 1918 by no means brought the workers the fulfillment of their wishes, yet
the fact remains that under the Republic the trade unions are permitted
free development.
"What guaranty have we that there
will be similar freedom of action under French domination? Even French
workers are not nearly as free under
French administration as we are under German. French social legislation can't compare with ours."
Will any of the men Who were
working at Headquarters, Vancouver
Island, last summer, please communicate with the secretary L.W.I.U., 61
Cordova Street west, as soon as ever
Vincent McDonnell Is asked to
write to Pat Somers, Anyox B. C.
There is Important news for him from
Trades Council
Takes a Stand
(Continued from page 1)
bo protected, and that no license be
granted to children under ten years
of age.
Secretary Bengough brought to the
attention of the council the fact that
the Provincial government had let a
contract for pipes for the reclamation
scheme, to a firm in Denver, Colorado.
He pointed out that the extent of this
contract was for the amount of $200,-
000. He also stressed the point which
has been debated recently as to why
men are leaving British Columbia for
United States points, and suggested
that if British Columbia work was being sent away, that this might be the
reason for workers leaving this Province for points south of the line,
The council passed a vote of censure
on the* Provincial government for
sending work out of the Province,
which will be forwarded to the proper
Wallace Contract
The Wallace contract for the dry-
dock also came under discussion, when
it was pointed out that Delegates
Hardy, Fraser and Bengough had interviewed the firm, and that a promise
had been made that owing to the assistance of the council in securing the
job for a Vancouver Urns*, union men
would be employed.
This question raised the old-time-
worn contention us to what the fair
wage was. During the discussion, it
was pointed out that the employers
and the workers were both asked to
supply figures, and then the fair wago
ofllcer set tho rate for any government work.
Tho Bricklayers Union protested
against tho wages being paid to the
men of their craft at Brockton Point,
the wages being paid being 70 cents
per hour, instead of $8.50 per day.
Delegate Pettipiece pointed out that
this job was being done by the Parks
Board, under the supervision of the
Dominion government, and that the
Parks Board was under an obligation
to pay union wages, but as the work
is about completed, the Bricklayers'
delegates stated that it would be a
lesson for their members in the future.
Engineers Raise Point
The Steam and Operating Engineers called the attention of the council to the fact that Sheliy's Bakery
was now being run by non-union engineers. That members of the International had been laid off nt the dose
of the agreement, and men taken on
who were working 12-hour shifts. It
waB also pointed out that there were
no union engineers at the Fraser Valley Dairies, and that committees had
been sent to endeavor to huve the
matter adjusted, but that thero had
been no results. The matter was referred to the executive and the Engineers officials for them to seok to secure an adjustment of the trouble.
The Musicians reported that their
last dance was a decided success, and
the delegates tendered the thanks of
tho local to the council for the support
given. The Sons of England band
was also referred to, and tho delegate
reporting stated that this band was on
the unfair list, but when the same
delegate stated thaf in order lhat nonunion men should not have the position at the hend of tlio parade to be
hold on Thursday, b.v civic bodies in
honor of Chief Carlisle of the city lire
department, and that the union would
provide a' band, tho delegates to the
council cheered tho speitker.
South Vancouver Elections
The following communication from
the  Labor  representation   committee,
was referred to the local unlons:
Labor ilepresentatinn Committeo,
319 Pender Street West,
Vancouver, B. C,
April 3rd, 1923.
To tho Secrothry of the Vancouver
Trados and Labor Comieil.
Dear Sir and  Brother:  A  situation
has arisen which calls I'or immediate
action on tho part of tho above committee.   This situation lias boen created'by the Municipality of South Vancouver recovering Its powers of self-
government, and as tlie date of nomination   for  candidates   for  municipal
Trouble   Is    Stirred   Up
Where None Exists   s
Says Agent
Washington—What Roger W. Babson thinks of industrial spying, as disclosed by the Ballin testimony and the
Michigan Communist trial, he tells to
the employers of Labor in his current
special bulletin tc industrial leaders.
"Whether Ballln's testimony is true
we do not know," he remarks. "Probably it is, as reported, only partly true.
The most important fact is that the
kind of thing, that Bailin tells about ls
common In our Industries. There are
a score or more of those industrial spy
agencies at work in the country. They
act under all kinds of names which
give no hint of their real work. Immense sums are paid to them by our
"This is a serious blunder on the
part of corporation leaders. It stirs
up trouble where none exists. It is
the most potent breeder of radicalism
that we have. . . . The 'boring
from within' which radical agitators
are charged with, is a drop in the
bucket to the boring that the industrial spy does for money which the
employer pays. . . . These spy
agencies set out to flnd rottenness,
nnd if they do not actually flnd It,
some make It or fake it.    .    .   . "
office has been set for the 20th of this
month, and no constitution has yet
been adopted, I feel that a general
meeting Is the only body which can
decide as to whether candidate.*- shall
be placed In the Hold or not.
Tho civic committee has made a re
port as to the situation, and this re
port can be discussed at the general
meeting, which will be held In the
Labor Tomple, 319 Pender Street
West, on Monday, April 16, at 8 p.m.
I would be pleased if you would urge
all delegates to tako this information
to their local unions uud support thc
call which I will sond out to the various labor bodies to send their representatives to this moeting.
Alt delegatos and workers were
urged to get on the Provincial voters
list, which is now being compiled, us
the result of the reading of a letter
from the Sorvice Men's Council, whicli
urged the necessity of every one entitled to vote to get on the lists.
The Paintors roporteil that tho locul
union would hold an open meeting for
organization purposes on Thursday,
April 12, and Delegate Hardy announced that nn organization meeting for
alt building trade* workers would bo
held on the 10th. The latter meeting
wilt be in Uie Labor Tomple at 319
Pender Street West,
An appeal from the Victoria Order
of Nurses was well received, and $10
donated to that organization.
The seuting of V. It. Midgley was
another matter which cumc before the
council, and the oxecutive reported
that ln view of the vote, which was
not In favor of this delegate being
seated, but ns the majority was not a
two-thirds one, and the constitution
callod for u two-thirds vote to override thc decisions of th*- council, tbnt
ho be seated. This recnmmendiitioi
wns adopted.
The proposed amend mont to th
constitution, made at tlie previous
meeting, culled for a cut in the per
capita tax, was defeated after n
lengthy discussion, during whicli ihe
delegates toolt sides, some taking lh
position thnt If the por capita lux was
reduced, more organizn tions would
Join the council, while other** took the
stand that if the council wus not
worth Ave cents por month to the ufll-
Hated members; It was worth nothing
On the motion being defeated, thr
mover mado another motion calling
for an Increase In the por capita of
100 per cont., nnd in so iloing, atated
that ho had been convinced by the
arguments advanced, that tho council
would bo better off if the members hud
to pay for it. The meeting adjourned
at 11 p.m.
Warn Workers Against Ruling Class Schemes
for Profit
Minneapolis-*—The World War Veterans, with headquarters in this city,
have issued a warning against the
Fascisti in America, which says in
"You comrades recall the bales of
empty promises that were made to us
in 1917. You also recall to date we
huve received nothing but these hypocritical promises. It was just
through such means that the powers
that be found lt possible to organize
ex-service men of Italy into an organization known as the Fascisti. They
have set up a dictatorship there a
hundred per cent, under the Control
of the flnanclal Interests and have sent
their agents to America to organize
all Italians, and others at a later date,
we are told.
"For what reason? Just this, comrades: The powers of Italy cannot fulfill those promises unless they were
to place extraordinary burdens on
themselves. This, q»ite naturally,
they will not do. They dare not further oppress their people or revolu
tion would be sure to come, so they
seek for new fields where somebody
can be made to bear the burden. So
their agents come to America and tell
whut a wonderful Industrial program
me Italy Is about to undertake, how
engineers from the United States are
already on the job, and with the International Chamber of Commerce in
convention there.
"The financial powors of America
look with greedy eyes upon the industrial programmo as pnlnted by the
Fuscisti. Internationalists, every one
of them, when it yields them gold."
Is Supposed to Have Published False News in
"The Worker"
Peterboro, Ont.—At tho instigation
of the chamber of commerce, Bernard
Murkson, member of the Workers
Party of Canada Is churged here with
publication of fulse news, detrimental
to the interests of this city. He was
remanded at a preliminary hearing
until March 31,
The offending artlolo was published
in tho Workor of Toronto, describing
Peterboro as purgatory and a capital
1st hunting ground, alleging the dally
wage for girls is $1.50; 15 cents un
hour for children; 30 to 40 cents an
hour for adult labor us a general rulo.
Police Chiof Nowhall admitted the
local chamber of commerce secretnry
wns present when Murkson wus questioned following the nrrest. The
chamber of commerce also admitted
holding a meeting and deciding thnt
it was in tho intorest of the organization that action should be taken, Tho
Murkson article claimed that tho
chamber of commerce was a labor-
crushing body. He stated in court
that the article had the endorsement
of Member Tooms of the Provincial
parliament with a statement that the
Independent Labor Party hud beon
crushed locally.
Australian   Workers   Also
Seek to Improve
Wellington, X. J5,—The Trades nnd
Labor Councils have formed u Trades
and Labor Councils' Federation,
which will aim specially to maintain
the sy.stem of arbitration as a means
of settling industrial disputes.
The Federation will also devote Itself to the improvement oT Lnbor legislation generally, mid urge the removal of defects wlu-t'o thoso nre
found. It will endeavor to huve re-
ponled any law found to be to Labor's
.ii.iudvuntnge; und, generally speaking,
to work ln a constitutional manner for
tho improvement of the position of
the workers us a whoie.
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2i/2-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
At tbe Orpheum
Various manufactured products
have given the stage numerous characters. The theatre is the mirror of
the world, and consequently, whatever Is produced in the world ls necessarily reflected on the stage. Ony of
the most famous of all trade marks
has found Its way to the vaudeville
stage—the character of Aunt Jemima,
direct from the billboards, newspapers
and every other medium of commercial advertising.
This stout, good nutured mammy,
with a face wreathed in smiles and a
head covered with a bandanna kerchief, has caught the eyo of the passerby. Now she comes to the stage
ln the person of Theresa Gardclla, a
beautiful Italian girl, who iB content
to  hide  her  identity  and   be  known
only as Aunt Jemima. Thla talented
young woman ls the simon pure replica, in more ways than one, of the
face that smiles down at you from the
box of pancake flour reposing on your
pantry ehelf.
, Aunt Jemima's act, which is fairly
teeming with Southern melody, will
appear at the Orpheum theatre next
week. Aunt Jemima is accompanied
by her syncopated bakers, who revel
in a tempestuous conglomeration of
syncopated harmony.
Fonr Nlghta and Three Matinees
The Famous Pancake Lad;
Fred WALTON and Mary BBAMT
The MiBsos
Beatrice OABDEL and Buth PBYOB
Aesop's Fables       Topics of the Day
Canadian Pathe News
Every Hon., Wsa. tnd Bat SrtslDfs
804 HOENBY ST. Opp. Court Home
"A Good Plnco to Ent"
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Fresh Cut flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hustings Street East        2—STORES—2 OSIt Oranvillo Stroet
Ser. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. __l_-13_l
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It haa cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
to-tubm-h thar. Wo. ii BRITISH COLUMBIA FBDflAIIONBT Vancouver, b.C
SuitS for the
Young Man
We have them—all the new ones and
all the old ones. The snappy sport
models or the more conservative styles.
The one and two-button single or
double-breasted models are very popular too, and in this range are featured
all the newest colorings in handsome
tweeds of quality superbly well-finished in every detail
A very unusual good value at the low
price of only
All Alterations and Pressing Free    j
45-49 Hastings St., East
PB1PAY. .April «, Ilg
Issued by the
flirtoria printing anil pthliafjing (Ea
All About Victoria, by Alfred Emberson.   Papor covers, 26c; cloth, 36c
Poems and Lyrics, by Mrs. Jane E. French.   Paper covers $1.00
Songs Unhidden, hy the Prospector.    In paper covers. $1,50; velvot
sheep IMO
"The Prospector's" volumo of lyrics seems to mo to tnko its place among
the books to be reckoned with, by any person who realizes what is going on in tho
Cunadlan iitorary world. To sny that he Is an excellent siory-tultar is highor praise
than it would hove heen before the war, whon literature was si-flaring from tho
effects of an epoch of Belf-cnntempt, and Stevenson and Wells had persundod us
that a strange setting and distant epochs wero essential to a readable story or to a
nonvincing lyric.
The Home Doctor Book—A functional review of tho human body, its
care and treatment of disease. By E. L. Hodges. A treatise on
the higher massage; 405 pages, with Illustrations, bound ln full
cloth covers.   Price $5.00
Industrial Peace Pound Practical—A presentation by the Society of
Friends.   Price 10c
Aunt Emmy Wants to Know—Who is n Bolshevist and why 5c
Peace and What Then?—By the Countess of Warwick 10c
Inter-Allied Labor Wnr Alms—Full text of memoranda adopted by
tho Allied Labor and Socialist Conference in London, February
14th, 1915 10c
"Why the British Labor Party Lett Coalition"—(Labor stands out of
the Capitalist Coalition und for a Workers' International) lbe
Labor and thc New Aoclnl Order—A report on reconstruction hy tho
sub-committee of the British Labor Party 15t
"The Only Way'"*—A poem ol peace,.  By W. E. Police lUo
Communtam and Capita I Ihiii, by N. Buchnrin (Moscow). A review of
capitalism and tho causes of Its collapse, together with a draft
programme of tlie Communist International. In view of the pro-
sent industrial condition this pamphlet Ih of absorbing interest,
Prico  IGo
Attorneys Ready for Final
Arguments in Communist Case
[By Joe Carroll]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
St. Joseph, Mich.—With all the evidence in and attorneys ready to make
the final arguments, the jury of eleven
men and one woman in the flrst teat
case of the Michigan war-time criminal syndicalism law is preparing to
pass on the legality of the acts and
beliefs of Wm. Z. Foster, the flrst of
70-odd defendants indicted after the
government's  red  raid  of Aug.
Foster was again on the stand,
dergolng cross-examination by
State. The prosecution, in default of
better ammunition, spent its time on a
syndicalist pamphlet written by Foster and Earl Ford, 11 or 12 years ago
and since repeatedly repudiated by
Foster, who states that he now follows
the Communist Instead of the syndicalist philosophy,  '
The difference he made clear in the
following words:
"The syndicalist holds the idea that
through the Labor unions, leaving
aside political action entirely, he would
make a direct assault upon the capitalist system and take charge of the
industries directly with the unions,
and then proceed to operate these industries, through the unions and without a state government. He has nothing in common with political action or
the state.
"The Communist, on the other hand,
believes in political action; he believes
in the organization of n party, to carry
on political activities. All of which is
anathema to the syndicalist.
"One of the principal weapons in
the arsenal of syndicalism is that of
sabotage—as read by you in that book.
The Communist repudiates sabotage,
and condemns it in principle. The
Communist and the syndicalist movement at the present time are antagonistic movements. The syndicalists
have an international of their own,
and the Communists have a separate
international, because the two move
ments found that they differed on so
many fundamental points that they do
not go along together.
"That is the principal difference;
the Communists believing In political
action and capture of the state—nnd
the syndicalists absolutely repudiating those things."
Much of the day was spent in legal
tilts on the admissibility of evidence.
The prosecution presented what It declared was a transcript of Foster's
speech at the secret Bridgman convention, where the raid took place. Foster pointed out that topics were included that he had not touched on at nil,
Including a reference to the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, and that
other topics were grossly garbled or
had been taken up at another time,
and not in the speech that was ostensibly reported.
Foster was followed on the stand by
one rebuttal witness for the prosecution, a department of justico operative,
as it seemed, who identified one of
tho documents that had been previously offered and said it was taken
out of C. E. Ruthenberg's sntchei following the arrests.
"The town of St. Joseph has been
following the trial with an interest
rather friendly to the defense than
otherwise. Scores of housewives
crowded the courtroom. A local hardware store advertised a special kind
of cook stove whicli will, so they claim,
enable the lady of the house to attend
the "red trial," ond nt the same itme
have a hot meal ready for hubby when
ho comes home to. get the latest news
and the usual dinner. If the attendance at the trial was any criterion,
this hustling business man must have
sold a lot of these stoves.
One of those estimable women was
heard to remark: "Well, they certainly are smart men, and so quiet and
dignified, too."
And a farmer, in for a holiday, reckoned: "They seem to be regular folks
after all."
A local restaurant keeper, who was
formerly a union rnilrond worker, had
this to say: "The whole thing seems
to be an attempt to prevont the repeal
of this criminal syndicalism law—and
that Is ceria'lnly not a good law for
union men."
Society of Friends Decide
to Extend Activities
of Organization
[By Robert Dunn]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—As the winter recedes the
famine Is gripping certain districts of
Samara and other provinces on the
Extension of the famine feeding
work of the Socioty of Friends into a
part of the Bashkir republic and Into
Pugachev county is announced at the
Moscow headquarters of the Quakers.
The Pugachev district, parts of it
200 miles from the Tashkent railway,
haB always been considered one of the
worst of the famine counties. It has
just been visited by Karl Borders of
Chicago, field director of the Friends
and Jessica Smith, publicity manager-
Miss Smith reports a conversation
with a Tartar woman in-one of the
northern villages of Pugachev, The
woman tells hor the order in whioh
the starving people of this county are
selling their goods in order to stave
off the hand of hunger:
First, we sell the wood outside the
hut, then the teapot and gordro (brass
water Jar), then our bedding and pillows, then all our clotheB, and when
these are gono we sell tho rug—that is
tho last, and when we have only our
last shirt left, then we sit and swell
until we die,"
Paxton Hibben's September prophesies concerning this district were
not one degree exaggerated. In fact
they are being fulfilled with terrible
literal ness.
Not the "after effects of the famine"
but the duplication of last year's terrors Is the real situation ln these two
sections that the Friends have now
undertaken to obviate with approximately 40,000 rations in addition to the
190,000 monthly rations they are already distributing in Buzuluk county.
Beaver brown Calfskin Boots for dress
wear. This serviceable boot has a good
weight oak sole, and is solid leather
throughout. It comes ln two shapes, a
wide fitting, medium pointed toe and a
high box toe.
A $7.00 value at,
per pair.	
Voun(j   Mon's   Special,   in   russet   brown
calfskin Oxfords; hoavy single solo; new
broador toe last. This is wonderful value.
Our regular
$7.50 grade,
at, por pair.	
Same quality as abovo, in black calfskin,
ftt 15,85
Men's natural form Black Kid Boots*
ThiB splendid boot will bo appreciated by
mon wbo wish comfort nnd service, lt
has very broad too room, and square heol.
Undoubtedly the best Mn p/\
value wo show ut, \w% Sll
per pair. tfVeVV
A hard-wearing Work Boot that is specially recommended; made from good quality black groin, with two A_e_ Al"
full soles. All solid leather, \< **___
at, per pair. 11H.«W«¥V
Mon's Brown Canvas Boots, with double
rubber sole; all sites, at $1.60
All leather brown elk Sandals, with TWO
PULL SOLES. A reliable shoe that can
bo repaired.
Sizes 4 to 7% $2.85
Size 8 to 10y2 $2.66
Sizes 11 to 2 $2.96
Same quality as above, in brown Oxfords.
Child's black grain Boota, modium weight
blucher cut; made on good broad last.
Sizes 5 to iy2 $2.26
Sizes 8 to 10y2 $2.76
Sizes 11 to 2 $3.00
Children's nnd Misses' Patent Leather
Slippers, with instep Btrap; particularly
good value.
Sizes 5 to iy_ $1,75
Sizes 8 to IO1/-. $1.96
Sizes IX to *..". $2.85
Boys' all-solid leather grain Boots, with
doublo soles, rivetted and Aa aa
stretched; itll sizes; 1 to _h__ III!
5 1*2, at, per pair. fRfffW
Outing   Shoes  in   brown   canvas,   with
doublo sales.
Sizes 11 to 13 $1.20
Sizes 1 to 5 $1.36
Whito canvas, as above:
Sizes 11 to 13 $1.35
Sizes 1 to 5 $1.50
We carry a complete line of Hurlbut
Wilts at standardized prices.
Women's Goodyear welted patent leather
one-strap Slippers, with grey buck quarter and low Cuban heel. Aai aa
fst__. $5.00
Growing   Girls'   tongue   Strap   Slippers,
solid leather, Goodyear Am aa
welled '.■!.*■. all alios JK IHJ
Per pair...
Women's brown calfskin Oxfords; Classic
make; Goodyear welted soles and Cuban
heals.   Our regular
prico is $8.00.
Tp clear, pair..,,.,..	
Brown   calf, t semi-brogue  Oxfords,   with ■
perforated   tip,   Goodyear   welted   soles;
leather counters.   On sale
Saturday at,
per pair _	
Women's fino quality black kid Oxfords,
with Cuban heels; good wearing shoes at
an attractive
price; por
ii*   ouvcg   a*
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
Conflict Behind
Scenes in Germany
(Continued from pnpe 1)
Luis  Morones  Will  Take
Back Several Socialist
Mexico City—The Mexican Labor
Party (Partido Laborista) and the
.Mexican Federation of Labor are
making preparations for the return
from Europe of the leader of the official Mexican Labor movement, Luis
N. Morones, who was commissioned by
President Obregon to attend the peace
congress of the International Federation of Trade Unions held at Tho
Hague last December. It is reported
that Morones is bringing with him 30
European Socialists, Italian, German,
French, English, Russian and Scandinavian, who arc coming to study conditions in Mexico.
It is understood that Morones will
present to Mexican Labor the call issued by the London and Vienna executives for an international Labor and
Socialist congress to be held at Hamburg, Germany, May 21, at which it is
hoped to fuse tho various non-Com-
munst Internationals into one body.
When Morones went abroad two
."ears ago, neither Moscow nor Amsterdam internationals wished relationship with Mexican Labor—the
Moscow international because it held
that the Mexican workers organizations were not bona fide unions, but
organized by and for tho ambitions of
politicians; Amsterdam because the
class tactics of Mexican Labor were in
practico too radical for the international federation-
City, where hundreds of workers know
he was working during last July. The
prosecution wishes to use his name in
this trial because he was sentenced to
Atlanta penitentiary for one year for
returning to America after having
been deported to Poland,
Foster gavo an extemporaneous
talk in the convention, he said on
cross-examination, but that this was
in no way a report or set speech, and
was made from no notes or manuscript. This is in direct contradiction
to the testimony of the state's star
witness, Francis A. Morrow, the United
Statos government spy, who claimed
that a manuscript wa.s--.uscd by Foster
on this occasion. Foster denies that
he received, upon his arrival at the
convention, or at any time thereafter,
a "portfolio," as described by the witness Morrow; or lhat he at any time
time received or filled out the questionaire which Morrow claims to havo
seen him have in the convention.
Oroville, Cal.—Four members of the
I W. W. havo boen arrested here nnd
are being held on criminal syndicalism
Pntroni',,e Federationist advertisers.
Wm. Z. Foster Takes
Stand on Own Behalf
(Continued from Page 1)
without Joining hnnds with "Brother
Next tho loader of tho largest single
union within the General Federation,
Robort Dissmnnn, president of the
Metal Workers Union, which numbers
some 1,600,000 members, objected, He
is a former Independent Socialist, and
a man of radical tendencies. He, too,
objected to a joint fund administered
with the employers. With him wont
a tremendous following, so that a
rather lively flght hns ensued between
him and the group now tn control of
the Federation. In this connection It
la recalled that Dfssmann lost July, at
tho triennial congress of the Federation, led the non-Communist opposition to the present administration.
Pressed thus from two sides, the
General Federation of Trado Unions
has now come out with an earnest appeal to the entire membership, published not only in its Korrespondenz-
blatt, corresponding to thc American
Fedorationist of thc A, F. of L., but
also in the politicnl press,
Tho statement closes with an appeal
to trado union members everywhere
to show themselves well disciplined,
and to support the administration
even if thoy do not agroe with the
Wisdom of lhe course tnken.
"You wero opposed to Mr. Grable,
the deposed head of tho Maintenanceof-Way Union, were you not?" asked
tbe prosecution in cross-examining
"I was," Foster answered, "he betrayed the Interests of the men who
elected him, and of the railroad inter
ests as a whole, and ns a result he was
Smith did not want Foster's actual
position and was displeased wben this
clearcut condemnation of Grable went
Into the record on cross-examination
In questioning Foster about his
speaking trip through the west last
July, Prosecutor Smith attempted to
drag in the fairy story, already carried widely by the press, that a mun
by the name of Kovalsky had accompanied him, "I never Baw Kovalsky,
or even heard of him until his name
was brought into this case," said Foster.
Kovalsky ls known  in   New  York
Washington—En route to UuhhIii
and olher European countries, Se
tor Burton K. Wheeler of Montana,
sailed from New York aboard the
steamer President Roosevelt on March
17. Senator Wheeler announced that
he would probably be away for somo
three months, visiting as many countries abroad as time would permit,
before returning to Montana some
time In June. Mrs, Wheeler nccom
pnnicd her husband on the trip over
£13 $27^
Oor.  Homer and Hutings
gTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Upstairs at 653 ORANVILLE STREET
Demand this Label
On your Overalls, Work Shirts, Mackinaws and
Pants, and help Local 160 to get a closed shop.
Didn't you ever indulge
in wishes like these?
—I wish I could buy APPLES at
the price the Okanagan rancher gets
for them.
—I wish I could buy BERRIES at
what the Mission rancher is paid per
—I wish I could get POTATOES
by the sack at the price the Lulu
Island farmer gets by the ton.
—I wish I could get MILK at what
the Fraser Valley farmer gets for—
Stop Right There—
You can get Milk at what the Fraser
Valley farmer gets for his milk. We—
the Fraser Valley Farmers who produce your Milk—briflg it to the city-
get it ready for distribution—deliver it
to your door AND SELL AT THE
12 Quarts for $1.00
Stop wishing. Phone Fair. 1000. and
secure advantage of the Farmer's
Price by having deliveries start to-
Fraser   Valley Milk
Producers' Association


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