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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 4, 1921

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 THE BRITISH COLU
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL.
POLITICAL UNITTs  VietOlW
THIRTEENTH YEAR. No. 4
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORtiDltd, FEBRUARY 4,1921
$2.50 PER YEAR
Ifl
Silent Pickets Cause Sensation in Centre of
City
A
J
OFF
.Vancouver's Unemployed
. Adopt Unique Methods
of Protest
Tag dayi have become almost
•a Institution since tht outbreak
•f the Great "War. In fact Saturday has become synonymous wtth
tagging. Lut Saturday's tag day
wm, however, somewhat different
lo any previous one. Pedestrians
.wore greeted on every street corner by taggers, seeking to secure
funds for those starving ln China,
■Alongside of the taggers were pickets appointed by the unemployed of
tho city, as a protest against money
boing collected for the starving ln
China while people were without
tho meang of subsistence ln the
locality.
No tag day ever held tn Vancouvor created so much interest, and
In many Instances excitement.
Clashes occurred between the supporters of the movement to raise
funds for starving Chinese, and
the pickets, and more than one
minister of the gospel heard a few
things stated that they are not accustomed to hear, and in language
that left no misunderstanding.
The silent pickets delivered their
messages to the geenral public by
- means of signs, many of which
were hung round the necks of men
. who wore buttons indicating that
they had served overseas. The following are very good samples of
the mottoes displayed: "Do they
hold tag days ln China, for starving Canadians?" "Keep what you
produce, don't starve." "Apes live
•n nuts. B. C. slaves live on
doughnuts sometimes, 1921." Perhaps the most intelligent one was
M follows: "I am a victim of the
Present system."
There were many others, and
Judging by the comments made by
the passers by, the sentiments expressed on the placards met with
goneral approval. While those responsible for the tag day claim that
the results were satisfactory, there
oan be no doubt that had not the
Unemployed interfered the collection would'have been much larger.
The unemployed made lt quite
olear that they were not seeking
Alms, and when money was offered
to some of the pickets, it waa re
fused. During the week signs have
beon hauled through the streets
protesting against the proposal to
■tnd three million bushels of
Wheat to China, which was made
by the morning paper, and which
has been endorsed by some ministers and other saviors of human^
Ity. That the unemployed are becoming restless Is evidenced
overy hand, and the happenings
last Saturday has not materially as-
listed in subduing the unemployed,
In fact lt has raised such a feeling
of disgust and resentment tn the
ranks of the unemployed that will
bring a large number of them to a
Mate of mind that the message of
the Socialist on unemployed questions will bear much fruit. The
men realize that while food is
■carce in China that It Is possible
for eggs and flour to be exported
from that country; and while they
are hungry foodstuffs are stored
In warehouses In this country and
tons shipped overseas. These facts
must have a wonderful effect on
the minds of those who are willing
to work in order that they may
live, but are denied access to the
means of wealth production beoause the workers have produced
too much.
Russian Envoy Greeted
With Flowers at
Dock
Says Soviet Government
Is More Firmly
Established
(By tho Federated Preu)
Now York.—Tho third floor of
t)ho Tower building on Fortieth
street ls deserted today, Soon a
sign painter wtll erase from the
doors the legend, "Russian Soviet
Bureau."
Out at sea on the Swedish-American liner "Stockholm," Ludwig
Martens, representative of the Russian republic in America, and his
staff of helpers aro steaming toward Russia. When the gangplanks were lifted, tho last tangible link between Russia and America was broken.
But the crowds that defied the
dreary rain all morning to do honor t0 Martens and his staff seemed
to feel that It waB merely "au re-
volr" 'and not "farewell."- Mr.
Martens himself said that ho was
suro, a representative of Russia
would soon be invited back to the
United States.
Five thousand people gathered
at the pier in a demonstration utterly without plan or previous announcement, As Gregory Weln-
steln, the ambassador's secretary ]
and formerly editor of "Novy Mir,'*
and Martens appeared, they were
showered with great bunches of
red roses. They were literally taken Into the arms of the crowd. The
"Internationale," the "Red Flag"
and. the "Marseillaise," which had
been simmering through the crowd
all morning, grew Into a triumphal
shout when the Martens party went
aboard.
'Ztravstvottye,. Tovarltsht," the
Russians called out. The Amerl
cans shouted, "Don't worry—wo'll
see you soon again!"
Forty-two members of the Soviet
(Continued  on  Page  8)
.THI
AI
IE
GERMANY CHANGES
ITS ARMY STATUS
JJUes Force on Germany a Militarism That Is Clipped of
Mnoli ol Its Power
Germany ls fortunate In that the
Bntente has forced her to reduce
her army to 96,000 men and 6,000
Officers and also to abolish Its general staff which was such a curse
to the country, and the army Is
federalized instead of being made
Up of separate armies from Bavaria, Baden, Prussia, and the
Other states of tho Empire. The
army Is forbidden the use of tanks
and gas—as all armies ought to be.
But best of all, lt Is to be a democratic army, this new German one,
_ fOr tt ls to be governed in part by
nn army council whose members
■hall be elected from the force lt-
. aelf, each rank having representation. Its mission Is to be an advisory council to the new Minister
Of Defensor" What a revolution
this connotes!—Tho (New York)
Nation.
Outline   of   Kavanagh's
Address Last
Sunday
Despite the vuriety of meetings
billed for Sunday last, the Socialist
Party of Canada's meeting at the
Empress theatre was particularly
well attended. J. Kavangh was
the speaker of the eevnlng, and
commenced his address by draw-
tug attention to the vuriety of happenings during the last two weeks,
culled from our dally press. Lenin
haS died two or three times, besides having had^ a "severe row"
with Trotsky; the Communists of
Italy are being hounded down by
the Nationalists; there had been a
popular outbreak In Vienna, and
In Vancouver, we had had our collection for starving China protested by those who felt we had some
starvation to attend to right here.
We also have new measures being
brought Into being. It was reported a revolver club was being
formed ln Vancouver, and the range
of the R. N. W. M. P.
was to be used, until such
time as regular.quarters wei'e se
cured. It is now proposed that a
permit be taken out for every rifle
and revolver, and no person Is to
bo permitted to have any other
weapon in the shape of firearms,
except a shot gun, without
a permit for the same. On
the face of It, these seem
trivial matters. They have lately
discovered there ls an unemployment situation In the United States.
They also decided to find new
ranges for target pracelce. It was
naturally to be expected that a
good many men would have guns
ln countries abounding In game,
but now a shotgun ls to be the only
permissible weapon. How far does
a shotgun carry, and how far does
a rifle carry are interesting questions, with a serious unemployment
situation ln the picture. In fact,
in all the situations mentioned before, all these things go together.
You never hear very much\about
famines anywhere else when you
are working steady—it disturbs
your working abilities. When you
are suffering from a shortage of
food, you have to be shown that
you are perfectly well ott ln com.
parlson with others. It can not
be doubted for one moment that
(Continued on pago 8)
Third International
Causes Break-Up of Famous Movement
Bight Wing Makes First
Break-—Communist
Party Formed
Now York—Details have reached
here of tho split ln the French Sooialist Party, for 16 year's the pride
of the Socialist parties of the
world, at the recent congress held
In Tours and which resulted ln the
formation of a new Communist
Party and the secession of the right
and left wings. In the adherents
to .. the Third International are
found Frossat'd, who was the national secretary of the French Socialists, Cachin, editor of the powerful Socialist daily, Humanlte, and
the vast majority of the old party.
The crumbling of tho Socialist
Party seems to have been caused
by dissension over a suitable reply
to a telegram from Zlnovleff, executive head of the Third International, ln which he describes Jean
Longuet, grandson of Karl Marx,
for many years one of the leading
figures of the International Socialist
movement, and his friends composing the Centrist group,, as being
the determined agents of the bourgeois influence and as having nothing.In common with the Communist International.
in the rejection of a motion to
the effect that the congress accept
Zlnovleft's message in the sense that
It Imposed no expulsion of any
membei* of the French Party for
acts of the past, and merely concerned measures to be taken to
preserve tbe future discipline of
the party, the Longuet group of
"Reconatruotors" announced that
It had decided to secede from the
party and that its members were
summoned to a private meeting to
discuss what steps should be taken.
It Is stated that this private con>
gr"ess has decided to co-operate
with the right wing. Verfeuil and
Morizct, two prominent leaders,
protested and have rejoined the
new Communist Party.
Following this line of action Paoli,
secretary of the right wing "Committee of' Resistance to Moscow,"
read a document < tn which his
friends declared that the congress,
having by its vote ceased to belong to the French Socialist Party,
and become the Communist Party,
the members of the "Committee of
Resistance" seceded formally from
the congress and would continue
to represent the French Socialist
Party in a separate congress.
Twenty U. S. Communists
Face Long Term of
Imprisonment
Chicago—Motion for a new trial
for the 20 members of tho Communist Labor Party who wero convicted of "conspiracy to overthrow
the governmont by force of arms,"
wai denied by Judge Oscar Hebel
in tho superior court hero Frtday.
The appeal had been pending since
last September. As soon as the
decision became known, Attorney!
Forrest, Darrow and Cunnea, counsel for the defense, filed a motion
for an arrest of Judgment.
The charges against the 10 other
members of the Communist Party
and the 89 members of the I. W.
W., who wero arrested in raids conducted here by State's Attorney
Hoyne, lt became known, have been'
dismissed. B^™
The 20 Labor men for whom an
arrest of Judgment has been filed,
were, arrested under the Illonola
state syndicalism act
Toronto, Ont. — Oscar Toko!,
premier of Finland during Keren-
sky's regime ln Russia, and a leader of a band of political exiles, haa
settled on a farm of North Tem-
lskamlng, In the wilds of Northern
Ontario. Ho la accompanied by 39
fellow exiles, who will form a colony of their own at North Temlsk-
amlng, having been sent to Canada
and provided with these farms by
the British government.
I
New York. — Nearly 800 shoe
workers have voted unanimously
to recommend amalgamation to the
Children's Shoe Workers' Union
and the United Shoe Workers Union. It is expected that the Retail
Shoe Salesmen's Union, an independent organization, will bo the
next union to Join ln the amalgamation move.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 PENDER STREET  WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
TUESDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
"WEDNESDAY—General Workers' Unit.
THURSDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
TMDAY—Open Forum and Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
Organized Workers and
Farmers Owning
Newspapers
Boston. — Speaking on "The
Future of the American Press,"
at Ford Hall, Walter W. Liggett,
deputy Immigration commissioner
of North Dakota, characterized the
dally newspapers of America as
"the greatest obstncles that lie In
the wuy of political progress and
economic advancement on the part
of the people."
He declared that there could be
no Genuine democracy in the United States until there were established ln overy large city in the
country daily Journals that were
"co-operatively owned and democratically directed by groups of
organized, workers and fanners."
Mr, Liggett said that the dnily
papers of the future would be actually newspapers and not merely
advertising mediums," nnd strongly
emphasized the necessity to have
them supported by the subscription price alone, in order to "end
the shameful and degrading advertising censorship that has pre-
verted the purpose of the modern
newspaper and made It a power for
evil instead of good."
Mr. Liggett then spoke of the
cooperatively owned dallies and
weeklies which have already been
established in the Dakotas, Minnesota, Montana und Idaho, saying
that this co-operative press, which
now haB more thun one million
readers and which represents en
investment of nearly $3,000,000 on
the part of 100,000 stockholders,
was promoted under the auspices
of the Non-Partisan League.
"No other development of the
farmers' movement In the Wost
promises so much permanent good
as this beginning of the establishment of a people's press In America," said Mr. Liggett. "These papers have been the beacon (ires
that have guarded the economic
and political liberties of the peo-
pte. They have united the producers and consumers, and pointed out the evils that inflict them
alike. As a consequence, Norlh
Dakota is the only state tn thc
union of which it can be truthfully
said that a 'government of the people for the people and by the
peojle' exists there."
OF
Big Event to Be Held in
Lester Court on
Feb. 14
Garden's Orchestra Will
Provide Music for
Dances
Every effort Is being made by
an energetic committee to make
tho annual Informal supper and
dance of the Hotel and Restaurant
Employees Union, Local 28, the
best ever provided tn tho city. The
affair will be held ln Lester Court,
Monday evening, February 14, and
will commence at 8 p.m, and continue until 4 a.m. At midnight thc
guests will sit down to a supper
that only the' members of this particular union know how to prepare. The supper will continue
for one hour, after which Garden's
famous six-piece orchestra will
continue to provide dreamy waltzes
and stirring fox trots to those who
delight In stepping the light fantastic. The tickets will be limited
and will not be sold at the door
on the evening of the dance' They
will be on sate at all the leading
restaurants in the city and also at
'the union headquarters, 441 Seymour street. No expense or effort
will be spared to make this a
never-to-be-forgotten event and Inasmuch as the tickets are limited,
it will be advisable to purchase
them at once. Tickets for couple,
$3,50; extra lady, $1.50.
OV$r Half Million Dollars
Involved Against Unit-
1 ed Mine Workers
(Byj Paul Hanna, Federated Pross
■    Staff Correspondent)
Washington.—Absolute destruction bf the American Federation of
Labor, a* at present constituted
it threatened by a supreme court
decision tn tho ease of Unltod Mine
Workers , of America against the
Corbnado Coal Company, et al.
I* a suit for triple damages
against the United Mine Workers,
ttio; Coronado Coat Company was
awarded $625,000 by the United
Stabs circuit .court of appeals, of
western Arkansas. The supreme
court ls asked by tho miners to set
aslty that verdict.
. If the verdict ls upheld every
dollar In the -treasuries of all the
Unions in the United States will
be Iii immediate Jeopardy—exposed
to attachment by court action
whenever any corporation (or individual employer) shall demonstrate that it has been "injured"
by organized labor.
In. its suit against the United
Mine Workers ot America the Coronado and allied corporations make
thd y vitally important contention
that by seeking to protect the liv-
Ing,standard of the miners by or
ganizlng non-union miners the of-
fleets of the United Mine Workers
are /engaged in a conspiracy to restrain interstate commerce, ln violation of tho. anti-trust laws.
I.
Start Socialist Daily and
Open Up Institute of
Social Science
1
1
^Solidarity Shown Among
Shipyard Joiners in
Many Countries
Donations to Slocan Striko Fund
The following ls a list of donations to thc Slooan strike fund from
Carlson's camp, Nakusp: G. A,
Ford, $2; Jack McKinnon, $5; Jas.
Mortimer, $5; B. Turenr, $1; Dan
Chlsholm, $5; Mike McDonald, $2;
A, M. Cavan, $3; J. E. Chrlstensen,
$3; Geo. Paul, $5; Earnest M.
Grant. $2; W. Javlst. $2; Rod De-
war, $3; J. H. Macaulay, $2; E.
Walker, $2; K. Swanson, $2; A. L.
Andorson, $2; J. P. McDermott,
$5; J. Anderson, $1; J. H. Grant,
$3; Tony Scalo, $2175; Wm. Coade,
$5; Joe DeRose, $2; Chas. Lund-
strom, $2; A. H. Fonns, $1; W. H.
Moore, $1; Frank Aughlett, $C;
Albert St. Jeans, $1; W. M. Uracil,
$1; Wm. Cavan, $2; Wm. Ranta,
$2.    Totul,  $80.00.
British   Ships   Limping
From Port to Port for
Bepairs
Manchester.—here Is a touch of
irony about the way the bold and
bonny ships of Britain are dodg-
Ini to defeat the joiners' strike ln
British ports by getting essential
repairs done in other countries.
"I is" said that vain resort has
eveti been made to the subterfuge
of changing names.
The shipyard joiners, who aiV
striking agahist the 12s cut ln
wages, find themselves splendidly
supported by the comrades in distant ->«'«
Woudenberg, the International!
Woodworkers' secretary, has just
sent another Interesting message to
tho British Joiners' Society about
the Themistocles, which left
northern British port for Hamburg
because she could not get equipped.
Trucking Them Down
The German ship joinerr have
declared "Nothing doing." Woud-
ehborg writes:
"I have Just heard from Hamburg that the ThemiiHocles has already left that port again. Presumably endeavor*) will be made
to have thc work executed In Holland. I have taken steps to ensure
that, if possible, this shall not
happen."
The letter details steps taken to
pr.event French joiners repairing
a British ship making for Marseilles, and proceeds, tn regard to another which has gone out from
Shields:
"I have, furthermore, telegraphed to our comrades In Norway, informing them of the departure of
the Huftus for Bergen. The organized workers of Norway will
probably be strong enough to prevent the carrying out of this blackleg work."
The president of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters nnd
Joiners of America nlso writes
pledging support, wherever possible, to British comrades in the
fight against reductions In wage
scale.
Fed. of Labor Takes Up
a Revolutionary
Attitude
Mexico City—Two events of no
small importance to tho working
class of Mexico, especially of the
Federal district, have Just happened.
One Is the establishment of
Socialist dally newspaper, La Luca,
(The Struggle) in Mexico City.
The other is the opening of the
Institute of Social Science, modelled after the Rand School, on Calle
de Bellsarlo Domlnguez near the
building ln which most of the
unions of the city have their headquarters. The school ls maintained
by the Federation of Syndicates of
the Federal district, which Is affiliated with the Mexican Federation
of Labor ("Confederaclon Reglnal
Obrera Mexicana"), and Is also
being aided by the government.
Among the subjects to be taught
will be Spanish, English, arithmetic, . history, physiology, hygiene,
calisthenics, dancing, Socialism,
etc.
The new paper carries as Its
slogan "Periodica Soclallsta; Orga-
no del Proletarlado," which hardly
needs a translation. Its editor la
Juan Rico, a well known Mexican
'Socialist and leader of the Federation of Labor, which Is backing
the enterprise.
The realization of the two
practical enterprises by the Federation Is another evidence of the
fact that Mexico's biggest Labor
organization, which has until recently, been a conservative organization, has "gone red" without reservations.
The rank and file had always
been radical fot* the most part.
Since the leaders got in line In the
last year, the few dissenters have
been carried along, too, and today
the Federation may properly be
called Mexico's One BlgUnlon with
as revolutionary a programme as
the I. W. W., O. B. U. or W. I.
I..U.
Chicago.—At the national conference of the Jewish Socialist Federation to be held In Detroit January 29-31, the more Important
questions to be discussed will be
the relations of the Socialist party
and the Communist International,
the relation of the federation to
the Socialist Party and organization
and propaganda problems.
Two Large Audiences Get
Information First
Hand
Workers  of  Vancouver
Contribute Liberally to
Medical Aid
Any member of the working class
who takes the slightest Interest In
affairs would naturally turn to the
columns of his local paper to find
out what they had to say about
two of the largest meetings held in
Vancouver on Sundny laat. He
would search 'in vain for any
prominent display of the meeting
held by Isaac McBride to collect
funds for the Medical Relief Committee for Soviet Russia, This
little incident may drive home tho
fact that the press of the working
class ls of great value, especially
these days when the suppression of
news is of greater Importance to
the capitalist press than the news
they print. However, Soviet
Russia did not fall to receive headline honors in Monday morning',
papers in. another way. Do you
wonder why?   Just think it ovor.
The working class of Vanccouver
is Interested ln the cause of So
viet Russia. When Isaac McBride
appeared on the platform of the
Empress Theatre on Sunday afternoon there was not a vacant seat
in the building, and the speaker
was greeted with an enthusiasm
that was more than sufficient evidence that all attempts had failed
to undermine the feelings of loyalty to the Russian workers in the
gallant struggle they have maintained against all their foes for
three lbng years.
I do not know whether you in
Vancouver have had much opportunity ln the last three years to get
Information from Russia from
any one who has been there, said
McBride, In opening his address.
Continuing, he said: So far as
(Continued on page 6)
I
ITS
SELF-DETERMINATION FOR IRELAND LEAGUE
Speaker:
Mrs. ROSE HENDERSON
PENDER HALL, Cor. Howe and Pender
SUNDAY, FEB. 6th, 1921
8:30 V. M.
St. Paul.—Refusal to sign a new
ngreement calling for a 60-hour
week and a 10 per cent, wage reduction has resulted In a lockout
of 50 tailors in St. Paul. Incorporated In the agreement, which was
submitted by the owners of two
shops, were demands for the non
union shop and the abolishment of
collective bargaining.
UNEMPLOYED TO
*~a-***~**~a~a*-a~t
Soviet Russia
W. W. LEFEAUX, who left Moscow recently,
will speak in the EMPRESS THEATRE on
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 6, AT 3 P.M.
ISAAO McBRlDE will, by special arrangement with Die
V. L. P., speak under their auspices in the COLUMBIA
THEATRE, at 8 p.m., on behalf of the Soviet Russia
Medical Relief Fund.
h>* ■■*"*■■ l"« ■*»"<■•« "»t*"t "*■■*"*"*"*'* "*"*"*"* ■' ■ " •
Workers   Without   Jobs
Are Not Satisfied With
ReUef Work
Arrangements have been made to
hold a mass meeting of the unemployed on Sunday afternoon on the
Cambie street grounds. J. Kavanagh and T. O'Connor will address
the meeting. AN workers are invited to attend thin meeting.
In spite of press reports, tin;
situation wilh regard to unemployment ts becoming worse in the
city. Whilo it is true thero are a
number coming in from outside
points, there are inoi'e residents
unemployed ut this time than there
was a month ago, and from all indications, there is little chanco ot
improvement. Whether menus will
be taken by the authorities to relieve the situation, remains to be
seen, but it is very evident that the
two duy per week on relief work is
no solution, nnd the men at'0 fur
from satisfied that all that could bc
done is being undertaken.
Maurice Phelps Dead
Maurice Phelps, late business
agent nnd secretary of the Vancouver Shipyard Laborers' Union,
died Inst Saturday from tuberculosis. He was a woll known and
active worker In the ranks of organized labor and will be Badly
missed by the mnny friends made
during his active life. He was
burled Monday and leaves u wife to
mourn his loss.
TROUBLE AT GLACIER
Trouble over a wage question
has arisen on the tunnel job at
Glacier, nml all workers are warned to keep away, from this Job until it is settled. Arbitration proceeding are pending. Late despatches state that a striko hns
been called.
Sunday Open Forum
II, W. Watts will speak ot the
Open Forum In the F. L, P. hall,
Sunday afternoon nt 8 p.m.    Subject, "Direct Action,"
Wireless telephonic conversation
hns^been carried on successfully by
the .Soviet between Chita and Moscow, a distance of 2700 miles.
Unemployed' Increase and
Govt  Helps to  Cut
Wage Standard
Labor conditions' in British Columbia show no signs of Improvement. Thc number of unemployed
has increased, if anything, and the
bread lino grows longer day ...by
day. Organized labor, however, appears to be holding Its own, so
far as wage-cutting Is concerned.
Of course quite a number of mechanics are Idle, but not enough to
warrant employers taking advantage of such a condition. It might
be said, however, ln this connection, that tho few attempts that
have been made at wuge cutting
have In many cubcs been done
somewhat reluctantly by the em-
ployers. Firms that have made
the cut have also been aided by
the unorganized condition of their
employees. The necessity of being
a member of a union comes home
to quite a number theso days, but
of course, only when It Is too late.
Yarrows Strike still On
The strike at Esquimau In Yarrow's rcpuir shop ts still on. The
Boilermakers' Union has been
forced to accept the reduction on
account of the number of unorganized boilermakers having gone
back to work. Tlie Electricians,
Moulders and Patternmakers, however, hnve decided to continue the
scrap.
Wallace's shipbuilding firm In
North Vancouver has informed the
union that no reduction will take
place, except In the case of tho
Moulders,
There ls no change in the situation with the Patternmakers) who
aro striking against a reduction in
contract shops. The men are slill
as solid as over and there appears
to be no likelihood of a'break in
thcir  ranks.
Government Wage Cutting
The situation throughout the Dominion of Canada is still very serious. Many factories In the East
remain closed. Railroad mechanics have got down to n forty-hour
week to avoid shutdowns. Negotiations to prevent the reduction in
wages at the Dominion Shipynrds
at Toronto, a government plant,
have failed, Premier Meighen hav-
(Contimied  on  Page  8) i
„«_#,.«..»..,.. ■.. ■..«.. (-. i..«..»-«-1- •-••• a-
Steel Trust Sold Material
to Allies During the
War
Had Same Dollar Brand
of Patriotism as Allied Capitalists
(By John Sims, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Berlin—That 250,000 tons of
steel a month were being exported *
In 1916 by the German Steel Trust
at a time when the general staff',
was calling for steel and mor'e steel
and that some of this reached
French, British and Italian munitions factories are the charges
made by Alphons Horten, well-
known German engineer and technical member of the Berlin municipal council. He traced the breakdown of the German transportation
in the winter of 1916-17 to private
leakage. "Don't believe that our
manufacturers here have a monopoly of public spirit or of patriotism," he said.
"If some, of ua as private citizens
had attempted to do in Germany
what our coal and steel trusts did "
during the war, and now, we would
have been court-martlalled. When
as director of the ore smelters at
Briey, In the occupied area, I called
attention to the exaggerated prices
In government contracts, and to exports of steek we needed at home,
I was nearly forced out and sent to
the trenches," he declared.
Now he has joined the ranks of
Labor and his book, "Socialisation
and Reconstruction," is ihe best
practical programme which has
appeared for Labor control over
fundamental Industries in Germany. He has gone through the
mining regions warning the workers against the dangers of Herr
Stlnnes' project for mild profit-
sharing with the workers as a substitute for direct social control.
The conclusion Horten has reached Is that the people take less of
a chance in themselves exercising
control over their resources than
In relying on benevolent capitalists
to do lt for them, but he would
have them move warily.
Horten would socialize the coal
Industry on business lines. There
Is, he says, no. point In socializing
coal unless the benefits by using lt
to lower prices of iron and steel
could be enjoyed. He would take
over* only those mines actually producing coal and would bar state-
owned mines, as hns been proposed, as he declares they are encrusted with costly and Incompetent of-
clals.
The need for keeping up produc.
tlon Ib fully realized by Horten. To
avoid any abrupt turnover therefore he favors partial socialization
at flret.- He would take over a
good-sized mine-smelter group and
retain efficient directors and engineers. ' Efficiency must be the test
In mine and factory management
Just as general utility be that tn
distrubuttng the output, he main*
tains..
ESPERANTO CLASS
WorkerB are Invited to attend the
class for the study of Esperanto
(The World Language) which
meets every Wednesday evening at
8 p.m. in the Electrical Workert'
Union Hall at 440 Pender Street
West.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS
An open meeting of special interest to inside wlremen will be
held ln the Union hall, 440 Pender
Street West, on Friday evening,
February 4, at 8 p.m. AU electrical
workers are Invited.
LUXEMBERG DIVIDES ON
THIRD INTERNATIONALE
Twenty-one Voted for 21  Points,
But Arc Outvoted — Com-
iinuiiK Party Formed
Luxemburg—Following the example of the Socinlist organizations
of the big countries, the delegates
to the convention of the Social
Democrallc Parly of this little
Grand Duchy, just ended, divided
over the question of unconditional
limitation with the Third Internationale, and now there Is a Luxemburg Communist Party.
While the delegates were In favor of lining up with the Moscow
International, only 21 of them voted for unconditional acceptance of
the 21 points, the other 97 voting
for conditional affiliation. The 21
left the Social Democratic party
nd formed tho Communist Party.
Clara Zetkln, tho German Communist leader, was present at the
convention and made a plea for
unconditional affiliation.
COLUMBIA THEATRE
SUNDAY AT 8 P.M.
Isaac McBride
WILL SPEAK ON
SOVIET RUSSIA
UNDER THE AUSPICES OP THE FEDERATED
LABOR PARTY
Collection for Medical Aid for Soviet Itiuwlu thirteenth teak. no. 4    i'HE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FRIDAT. February 4. II
Arnold & Quigley s
February Clean-Up
COMMENCES SATURDAY
AFTER-STOCKTAKING VALUES THAT
WILL ASTOUND YOU-SEE THE
WINDOWS
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
546 GRANVILLE STREET
SLATER'S
QUALITY    SERVICE     FREE DELIVERY
PROVISIOK DEPABTMENT
BUTTERI  BUTTER!  BUTTEBI
Mo.   1  Alberts  Creamery Buttar oa
Mlt ea Saturday morning from 0 to
11.    Begular  60a lb.     Special,   per
lb.  ..... '. 660
FBE3H MEAT DEPABTMENT
PORK SPECIAL—On Friday and
Suitinitty we will pat on sale 200 of
our f_Mii_.ua government inspected
Pork atiuulilcrn. weighing from 4 to S
lbs.    Regular SSo lb.   SpecU1....251/3e
MIDDLE CUTS OF POBK
On tale on Friday and Saturday.
Our famoua middle cuts oi gov
ernment inspected pork. Hegd-
lar 40c lb.    Special, per lb...36'/aC
ROLLED ROAST SPECIAL—Our famous Roiled Beef Roasts. Regular
SSe per lb.    Special, per lb. ....28'/aC
BUTTEBI BUTTEBI BUTTEB
We will tell on Saturday morning,
from 8 to 11, our famous Alberta
Creamory Butter.    Regular 3 lbi.
for $1.90.    Special, 3 lbs 11.75
EARLY MOBNINO SPECIALS
Oven Roasts, per lb., from ....IBe
Pot Roasts, per lb., from . 17c
Rump Roasts, per lb., from 28c
Boiling Beef, per lb., from 16c
Stew Beef, per lb., from  lflc
Local lamb
Legs Local Lamb, per lb. ......38c
Loins Local Lamb, psr lb. 36c
Shoulders Local Lamb, lb 25Y_c
LARDI LARDI LABDI—Burns' Finest Shamrock Puro Lard on salo oa
Saturday morning from 8 to 11. Beg.
SSo lb.    Special, par lb —24e
HAMS!   HAMS!   HAMS!
Slater'a Famous Picnic Hams,
weighing from 5 to 10 lba. Reg.
BSo  lb.     Special,   por lb,....29ftc
0BOCERY SPECIALS
Quaker      snd      Hamsterley      Farm
Strawberry Jam, 4 lba. for ....$1.20
Finest Green Peas, 4 lbs. for 266
Finest Jnpaneso Rice, per, lb lOo
Finest   Slum Rice,   8 lbs. for ....2fio
Finest Tomatoes, large Una, tln..l7y2a
Finest  Peas,  per tin  « 18fi
Finest Quaker Corn, tin  17Vie
B. C. Milk. 2 for  „ 26c
Largo Cartons Boiled Oata — 28c
Fineat Kitchen Salt, 3 for 26c
Malkin's Best Coffee, per lb. ....56e
EOOSI EOOSI EGOS!—Local B. 0.
Fresh Eggs oo sale on FfMay and
Saturday,  per  do'sen  -._- 72a
LABDI   LABDI   LABDI
Burns'    Finest    Carnation    Compound  Lard.     Regular   25e   Ib.
Special from 8 a.m. to 12 m. on
Saturday,   2   lbs,   for  360
BACON t BACON t BACON I—Slater'a
famona Sugar Cured Bacon.' Sliced,
per lb. .„m 46c, 60c and 6Bo
SALMON SPECIAL
Finest White Spring Salmon. Reg.
10c tin.   Friday and Saturday, A
tins tor  26c
EXTBA SPECIAL!
Slater'a famoua Ayrshire Back
Baoon. Bag, 55c lb. On sale on
Friday and HatnrdaT. ]b 4fic
FOUB   Bid   STORES
128 Hastings Stmt Bait
1191 Oraavllls Stntt, eonar Davit
830 OranvUlt Street
3280 Main Stmt
Phont Seymoar 3269
Phont Stymour 6149
Phont Stymour 809
Phoue Pairmout luo.*
A mouth without teeth is like
a .slant without machinery
It just won't work for
you and does you harm.
Have me replace those missing teeth with Expression Work—teeth that duplicate nature—re-
store the strength and beauty of your original
ones. Particularly is facial expression greatly
improved 1 specialize in this work—have
unusual facilities—loiig experience. The cost ia
moderate.
TBN-TEAR
GUARANTEE
> All 0EOWH MO
BBIDOEWOBK
(Fixed and Remorable)
.-iuch u il mud. .nd fitted
In my olllce—»r» guftr.nteed
for ten yoars. Tbe thorough
work and expert methods I em*
ploy put yonr henlth on s per*
muent foundation of efficient
toeth.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINOS ST. W.
Corner Seymour
PHONE SEYMOUR 3331
'Office Open Tueaday and Friday
Evenings
DB.   BBETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member of tbe Faculty of tht
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and Oeneral Anaesthesia.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ons year's subscription to Tht
B. C. Federationist. wll] bt mailed to
any address In Canada for 929.30
(Oood anywhere ontsldo of Vancouvtr
city.) Order ten today. Remit when sold.
UNION MADE
The [M.T. Loggers' Boot
Mill ordtrt  personally attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks aud Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
03 COBDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. &
Next Door to Loggers' HaU
Phone Sermonr SM Repairs Done While Xb& Watt
bNE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap gooda can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
THE MAD EDlTcM
(By Nemesis) "      *"
THERE waa much angry resentment ln Richvllle, that citadel
of masculine capitalistic snobbery and feminine sticking-plaster'
.sain til ness. There were slaves too
In Richvllle, for they are indispensable ln all places at all tfntes on
this earth, but they were laughing.
Dick Merryfeilow, the laborer,
was dead and buried and the Hon.
Cadwallon Steepleton, the renowned editor of the capitalistic organ,
the Dally Misleader, was in the
lunatic asylum and, strange aa- It
may seem, there was a connection
between these two sad events.
Without warning and quite suddenly the shock fell upon Richvllle,
which set the noble patricians
grinding their false teeth while
the slaves were holding their lean
sides and displaying their toothless
gums in their ribald laughter. The
masters and the slaves, as always
in Richvllle, were one in thought,
for the Hon.. Steopleton had himself proved the fact conclusively to
both parties that he was mad.
Before I proceed, perhaps a
little explanation may prove helpful in gaining a clear grasp of the
unique situation that had arisen
in Richvllle.
The sluves of that city were a
very well educated lot. I do not
mean, of course, that that they had
been, taught Latin and Greek and
mathematics and the physical sciences; but they had been admirably, trained ln philosophy and
were great philosophers. As you
know, there are various kinds of
philosophers; he who endeavors to
solvo the phenomena of tho universe by demonstrating their cause
ls one kind; the wise being who
possesses a calm mind under all
trials is another; a man well acquainted with the moftl or mental forces and their reactions is another. The slavea of Ricjjville were
philosophers of yet another kind,
because they had wholeheartedly
swallowed and digested the teachings of their masters and looked
upon themselves as vessels full of
shining light lh consequence, and
woe to one of their fellows who
dared to differ from them.
The mildest of Socialists expounding hla views fn public would
have returned to his weeping wife
with a thick covering of tar and
feathers. They were indeed true
patriots and lovers of law and order and the soundest of philosophers.
They believed In work, not in
the minimum amount to- provide
themselves with the necessities and
comforts of life, the amount of
work that nature insists upon, but
In the maximum amount—work as
a soul-saver, as an elevating force,
the profit-producing work of their
masters, and that in spite of their
calloused hands, bent backs and
twisted limbs. They were noble
phflosophera.
They even believed in the politicians and in this climax of belief
could they mentally have journeyed further into the unrealities of
the myths and mummeries of beautiful fairyland?   Could they?
Success in life to them had only
one meaning, the acquisition of
enough money to insure them a.
place among their masters and
which was the only means that
would gain them admittance to
that Inner sanctuary of snobbery
and feeblemindedness, /and they
prayed to God for this success and
occasionally the prayers of one
who had no conscience and no
human feeling would be answered
or at least he acquired the necessary qualification.
Their' favorite journal waa the
Dally Misleader, edited by the Hon.
Cadwallon Steepleton. From that
journal they acquired all their
philosophy and morality. It functioned as their Bible, and mentally they surely throve on it, for
each edition contained more wisdom and more truth than does the
whole of the Bible, so as the years
rolled on you can form some idea
of the accumulated bulk of their
wisdom and of their hoarded truth.
It was stupendous.
In that great journal they read
of the wicked Socialists who wanted to tear up the foundations of
their society and spread ruin over
a peaceful world, literally basking
in the sunshine of happiness and
plenty, and they thought of lampposts and tar and feathers and
knotted whips and other weapons
of the law and order saints. They
read of the Bolsheviks, sharp-
fanged, bearded ruffians, who debased women and murdered little
children and drank the blood of
their victims from skulls: beauti
ful, touching word . pictures they
were and they thanked -God that
the great nations held a rod for the
red ruffians in the form of the
Christian blockade which would
starve them and their accursed
women and children to skeletons.
Yes! God had placed a weapon In
the .hands of hia servants, the'
Christian nations. Loud hossannas!
And the Dally misleads* told
them more than that. The reader,
having now a psychological grasp
of tho subjoct, will more readily
understand the peculiar events I
am about to relate.
The plutocrats of Richvllle were
getting restless and the slaves were
hungering for their a'ceustomed
thunder-and-lightning denunciations of the wicked Socialists and
the fiendish Bolsheviks, because
Tor three days the Daily Misleader
had been strangely silent on these
matters.   Mystery of mysteries!
Then the shock came, and the
teeth-grinding of the plutocrats
and the laughter of the slaves,
On that eventful morning the
plutocrats ate as usual till their
stomachs were extended to their
limits, and sank into their cushioned seats and comfortably crossed their legs*and bawled to their
flunkies for the morning paper,
They opened it and found In the
middle of the front page an article,
In a black border un Inch In depth,
entitled, "The Death of a Successful Mun." It was the only text on
the page.
Ah! One of their number gone
to heaven! or was it the king?! It
woke them up and thoy read the
following very wide awake:
"We regret to state that yesterday morning Riclftml Merryfeilow,
a Inborer living at 37 Mud Streot,
in the workmen's quarter of our
city, passed peacefully away in tlie
presence of his weeping wife and a
sympathetic neighbor, u friend of
the wife.
"It appears that Richard felt
fnirlv well in the morning, but on
returning home ln the 6}
complained of polna roufci
heart which he had first felt 'ai
lifting and carrying a particularly
heavy box in the course of his day's
work. He retired to rest oo$ty and
in the morning hours his
awakened by his groans,
that he was very-ill-and
her neighbor, who arrive!
time to see the deceasrt
quietly away. H» was, jfe
seventieth year.
"His peraonal,And only estate
consists of $106.26; 65c Was found
in his waistcoat pocket; his ;wife
had in her possession $5.80, and
the saving bank o^the Royal Bank
of Richvllle credits him with $100,
and we believe there ..^111... be
enough funda forthcoming frohi a
burial society to return, hia remains in a modest way, aa befits
the exit of a mere workman, tp
mother earth. - fi» * f
"Richard waa bom sixty-nine
yeara ago, and went to work when
he was nine, and for sixty years
tolled honestly and faithfully for
his masters and haa now departed
to reap the reward of those labors
in a brighter and leu airaUous
world: for It Is a glorious fact, as
laid down in the teachings of,-our
churches, that a life's devotion to
earthly masters' work brings surely a well-merited reward In the
brighter realms above. It is true
that he had to leave his Ufa savings behind, but It matters not, for
we can be well assured that a
different and less greasy-currency
Is in vogue up there beyond the
bright, blue sky. .-.'  '■"'
"We are recording a few of. the.
facta of hia Ufa to' prove that
though he left ao few sacred dol
lara behind him, yet hla life was
eminently and In the* truest sense,
successful.'
"Thia worthy labor«*;foi£;«0
Tears made shoes In tha Workshops of his masters and we can
safely put his average earnings
down at $3 a-day: and putting the
average number of days he tolled
at 280 in each year, we .flnd he
worked 16.800 days, during, his
life and earned $50,400, which was
just about enough to keep myself
and family ln existence. Now' supposing he earned this $50,401) ln
one-third of hla working tlmei, it
followa that he must have earned
$100,800 for hla maatera, tha profits on which those mastors appropriated for themselves without
having performed one day'a labor
for them, thua exploiting ^the
laborer to the extent of c, ii;2W
working days of his life.  ■_     iO
"Now Richard made bbcto, 'and1
If they sold for $3 a palrp after1
having made one pair thereat of
the day he worked for nothing, o¥
rather, for his masters' prtfota. iSf
that we see 5,680 \~daysT<vlab6p
would have kept him and Hlfe"fam-'
ily during the whole 16,800"rfaya 'of1
his .working life, and thnt; B.6W.'
days' labor is all that Is dehteridSa"1
of him by the laws of nature, nut
the lawa of man added oh tne1
11,200 daya in the world's titf-
natural system of slave ex&oita-1
tion: and a system founded on &nr
immorality is like the house1 built
on the unstable sands and d'esfrSy-
ed by the wind, and all ye rulers
of earth and exploiters of Jtfnr
fellow men can you not hear the
distant rumblings and feel theflrtt
faint shakings of * the coming
storm ?
"Are you both blinjj and deaf In
your madness to acquire your
greasy dollars and your bills and
notes and leases and mortgages and
shares, and all your other ink ahd
paper contrivances which take
many books full of your laws to
make valid or thtfy would be as
waste paper.
"The boots Richard made were
the real things, and they were consumed soon after they were mnde,
and they left behind in your system a long trail of figures whtch
are of no value to mankind, and
will vanish when your syatem of
exploitation crumbles about your
ears.
"I can hear you cry In your
wrath, 'But Richard had nothing;
we supplied- him with the rftvv
things and the Implements tWith
which they were converted .Into
useful things, and so they are
ours."
"But you supplied him with
nothing. The natural .laws workr
ing through long ages produced the
raw things of the minis, the .forests and the fields, and those natural laws work for all mankind,
but you commandeered the earth
and havo made majiy laws to justify yourselves In your false posi*
Ron, and as disorders spring flom
rottenness so the stupendous and
ever-accumulating miseries of
mankind have sprung from your
unnatuural and Immoral system.
''And you, OI plutocrats, are
parasites on the face of God's fair
earth, and Richard and his class,
who labor and create ^he useful
things, aro the only ones who have
justified their existence, and of
Richard It Is already written in the
eternal records of the Cosmos: 'He
lived; ho Inbored; he produced for
others, though under a system of
EDERAT10MST
Tha S. L. P. of A. Position
Editor B. C. Federationist: Kindly give ma a chance through tbe
medium of The Federatlonist to
correct falsa statements, for the
sake of truth and fairness to all.  x
Whether false statements come
from the bourgeois or from members of our own class, lt is in the
Interests and for the welfare of
the Lahor movement and for the
working class as a whole, that a
chance be given to correct such
statements.
At an Open Forum meeting, recently held In Vancouver*, the
speaker, Mr. J. Kavanagh, stated
during the dlscuasfon, re the Third
International, that the Third International did not accept the S.
L. P. of A. As a matter of fact,
tha S, I_, P. of A. never yet applied for to joifi the Third International. When invited to tha last
Moscow Congreaa, it was not possible for tha party to send delegates,
not only because we could not defray'the expenses at that ,tinie, but
the road to Russia was closed. The
delegates from France had to travel around on the Arctic Ocean,
where thoy perished. At the next
Thrld  International  Congress,  we
'  to be able to have delegates
present, and then explain to the
European comrades the conditions
we are facing 0n thia continent.
Tha other day at the Logged
-hall, one worker of the I. W. W.
branch stated that tha S. L. P. of
A. Ia correct, but it does not grow.
That atatement la neither correct
nor logical. The fact is, that the
S. T ^ nf A, is growing slow, but
sura, in spite of the fact that we
are/ surrounded by enemies and
opposed by fakir's, -and misled
slaves, many fold stronger in numbers than we are. The S. L. P. of
A. Is keepnlg itself clean, We are
living up to the slogan: "Never
compromise truth to make a
friend; never withhold a blow at
error, lest we make an enemy."
Consequently the S. L. P. Is in
a position to expose fakirlsm and
mistakes ln the Labor movement,
without wear, without compromise.
The 3. L. P. of A. propaganda for
Socialist Industrial Unionism, as
now exemplified by tha W. I. I. U.
of Detroit, ls of greater result than
those who oppose us are willing to
admit. The S. L, P. of A. made a
clear breach with craft unionism
about. 25 yeara ago. Since that
time the S. L. P. of A. is the vanguard for Socialist Industrial
unionism. It is not any personal
fight for meal tickets or aoft jobs,
that determines the S. L. P. policy.
We are not in the political field for
political reforms, .vote-catching or
compromising with the bourgeoisie, but for revolutionary Socialist
propaganda and organization, to
prepare the worker's mind for So.
cialist Industrial Unionism. Workers that do not study or do not get
a clear grasp of the S. L. P. of A.
position, are drifting from one extremity to another and the result
Is unnecessary suffering and disaster.
We in the 3. L. P. of A. ate taking a clear, uncompromising nnd
up-to-date stand in the Socialist
movement. We intend to keep up-
to-date, and we appeal to the .workers to study the S. L. P. of A.
position, and If you honestly agree
with us, act accordingly.
Yours for the Socialist Industrial
Republic,
J. M. F. L.
High School Curriculum
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Last
week I was Invited to present to
the High School teachers any suggestions wtlh regard to a change in
the course of studies. The report,
highly condensed, referred to only
a part of my speech. In order to
correct any possible misunderstanding and on account of thc importance of the subject to us as
workers and as parents, I should
like to give the outlino of my address.
Taking the present curriculum, I
suggested that leas time should be
directed to the classics and that
every student should be given a
working knowledge of at least one
modern language; (-2) That options
In mathematics should be offered,
one branch probably serving to
give the desired mental drill; (3)
That more attention should be devoted to natural science and that
this study should-go beyond the
mere "bones" of the science; (4)
That English literature should be
emphasized aqd that history should
be taught not as a record of kings
and wars, but as an interpretation
of the great movements of mankind; (5) That every child should
be given a chance for techn leal
training that would help to flt him
for after life. In this connection,
I deferred to my observations while
I wns a member of a commission
on technical education noting the
fear of the workers that this train
Ing might be used to thetr disadvantage and suggesting that Safeguards were necessary.
Then I proceeded to state that
It was of little valuo to suggest alterations in the course of study unless I stated'the principles on which
exploitation, and though he died Iti'jjjChanges should be made.    This—
poverty, he was successful, for:
established the fact that he Ji>si
fled his existence; and you havej;
justification, Ol ye  parasites,
side the unrealities of   your
puny and perishable little statute-,
books.'"
Thus were the floodgates of
wrath opened ln Richvllle. A hastily summoned committee of tha
plutocrats rushed in their cushioned automobiles to the offices of the
Daily Misleader and they found
the Hon. Cadwallon Steepjleton
gibbering in his chair, A dqptor
was sent for In hot haste; he«was
certified Irtsano, which waa lysti-
flable to every right- think in gj
son who has read his mad
and he ls now gibbering all aloha
ln the padded room of a lunatic
asylum.
Can you wonder tha plutocrats
of Richvllle rayed and that thie
philosophic slaves laughed till
their lean ribs rattled and they
collapsed through exhaustion?
is ffsti-
Ing-licr-
. uricle.
control over tha education of tha
children. Today tha teachers are
almost as powerless as the parents
2. That the courses should be
less mechanical, allowing for Individual aptitudes, and developing
Initiative.
3. That "education" ahould help
to flt the child for his after life.
This involves the opportunity for
secucrlng expert practical knowledge and for gaining a real understanding of modern life ahd lta
problems.
In conclusion, I expressed the
hope that here, as In England, the
teaohers would themselves get Into
closer personal contact with tha
pressing problems that so insistently demanded solution.
May I suggest to my fellow workers that we have too long overlooked the Importance, .of our
schools In molding the views of our
children. Among others, the militarists are realizing thla and are
using the educational machinery to
prepare our boys and girls for the
next warI(i Many teachers ara beginning to understand, but their
mouths are closed. The organized
industrial workers are fighting not
only to break their own chains, but
also to break the chains of others
who hardly realize how closely
they are bound.
J. 3. WOODSWORTH.
January SOth, 1831.
SCIENTISTS STARVE
AMIDST PLENTY
Poverty Only Recompense to Oreat
Many French Men of
Science
Paris — The French newspapers
ara making terrible revelations of
the poverty in which many of the
greateat French savants are forced
to live.
1 Madame Curie, the Inventor of
radium, has barely funds enough
to employ a single assistant ln her
famous institution.
* The heroic dot$or Infrolt, the latest victim of X-rays, died recently
In such poverty that- the municipality had to pay for his funeral.,
The laboratories of the well-known
scientist Branly are falling into
ruins. jjj
The first woman doctor to practise medicine ln France, Madame
Madeleine Bres, has Juat been discovered by the newspapers living In
extreme poverty and completely
blind at the age of 82.
And this Is all tnat the capitalist world has to offer men and women who fall to become exploiters
of Labor.
Moscow.—Semasko, commissary
for public health, who has just re
turned from the Crimen, roports
that Wrangel left considerable
stocks of medicines behind him in
the Crimea, which will have great
value for the health authorities in
Soviet Russia. Only one of the
three big warehouses In Sebastopol
was burned. It is reported that thts
flre was begun by Wrangel troops
under order of a British officer.
Besides the stores of medicine several ambulances have fallen Into
the hands of the Soviet' government.
The French budget this year includes 92 pounds ln pensions to retired executioners, out-of-work executioners, and widows and children of executioners.
Where a single dollar
counts for more
than two
Friday, the second day pf our First
of the Month Opportunity Sale,
opens with sensational valvjes io
Suits and Coats.
SHOULD NOT FAIL TO SEE THEM
THEN, TOO,  THESE NEW STYLES
,.    WILL DELIGHT YOU.
623
HASTINGS STVW.
Hear Granvillo
Ther* le much doubt, at Washington, m to tha intuition—even
the ability—of the British government to pax ita debt to the United
Statea. Britain now owes 138,000,-
000,000.
Why hold a publlo enquiry Int<
the .why and wherefore of th,
"High Coat ot Coal" when prlvati
ownership (capitalism) stands In
the way of eliminating the onl)
possible cause?
FEBRUARY
SALE
Wo have drastically
REDUCED PRICES
throughout the whole storo. Our stock is of real good
quality throughout, high grade, stylish and serviceable.   It comprises  .
FURNITURE
of every description, ior the parlor, living room, dining
room, bediyom, hall or kitchen. It is complete in all
respects. Our prices have always been low. At this
great snle you will find them so reduced ns' to bc absolutely
STARTLING
DON'T TAKK OCR WORD.    COMB AND INSPECT
Home Furniture Co.
416 MAIN
Opposite City Hall
UNIONISTS-ATTENTION!
The B. C FEDERATIONIST
.     IS NOW IN A POSITION TO EXECUTE ALL KINDS OF
PRINTING
AT REASONABLE RATES
A Hungarian foreign office man,
Dr. Jagcrth, is to negotiate with
Litvinoff, at Riga, wires a Vienna
correspondent, concerning tho condemned Socialist commissaries and
on the return of Hungarian offl
eers from Soviet Russia. Litvinoff
will negotiate only on condition
that Hungary is prepared to discuss the liberation of Horthy's
thousands of political prisoners.    ■
(the Important part ot my speech-
not reported, With this,
eedless to say, the president of
he B. C. Manufacturers Association expressed no agreement.
J. I pointed out the fact, familiar
jto most of the workers, that the
Industrial Revolution had involved
4iot merely a complete change In
'the process of production, but also
in all. our social institutions. As
the father and later the mother*,
had been driven from the home
Into the factory, so the child's
education had been transferred
from the home to the school. In
the handicraft days the child had
been trained for life. The father
In the home workshop passed on
to his boy the technical knowledge
and best traditions of his craft. So
the mothei* with her daughter.
Further, ln the home discussions,
tho parents were able to Instil their
own matured views of life.
What is the present situation?
The apprentice system is almost a
thing of the past. An educational
system, designed to lead up to an
out-grown university course, has
been substituted for the home-
training. Education Is standardized, nnd the machinery of education
controlled by a cei'tain class. The
parent has na, longor any effective
control over what his child shall
be taught, and thc child has no
real preparatoln for his after lifo.
Labor believes that the people
and   the   teachers   should   regain
When You Need-
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
LETTERHEADS
ENVELOPES
CARDS
INVOICES
STATEMENTS
CONSTITUTIONS
CATALOGUES
FOLDERS
ANNOUNCEMENTS
INVITATIONS
PROGRAMMES
OR ANT KIND OF PRINTING-GIVE
US YOUR ORDER AND.WE WILL
GIVE TOU SATISFACTION.
TELEPHONE SEYMOUR 5871
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needi.. No Job too large or
too small. First-class work*
manship, good ink and high'
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING-
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
ROOM 1, VICTORIA BLOCK 342 PENDER STREET WEST
Oor. Homer and Pender Streets, Vancouver, B. 0.
v_ FWdaT....... February 4, 1921
I
1
thirteenth tear. no. 4  THE .BRITISH COLUMBIA. ^FEDERATIONIST  vancouve'h, b.c.
page three-
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Uni
THIS PAGE IS PAID FOH BY THE LUMBER  OAMP AND ACKICCLTUKAL WORKERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ONE BIG UNION.   OPINIONS EXPRESSED THEREIN ARfe NOT NECESSARILY ENDORSED BY THB FEDERATIONIST.
The Three-Shift System
Of the Steel Industry
(By Henry Wood  Bhelton  In the
"New York" Nation)       '   '
THERE Ib no real obstacle to
the steel industry as a whole
changing from the two- to the
three-shift day. Both economic
•nd humanitarian considerations
Indicate that this change is inevitable and, on account of present
eonditlons, may even now be at
hand. It would directly relieve
About 150,000 workers now on the
twelve-hour day, and afford work
for at least 50.000 more who are
now unemployed.
These statements epitomise the
conclusions reached at one of the
largest gatherings of engineers ever
arranged ln this country—a joint
meeting of the Taylor Society, the
metropolitan and management sections of the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers, and the
American Institute of Electrical
Engineers. The occasion waa the
presentation and discussion of a]
roport on "The Three-Shift System
In tho Steel Industry/' prepared by'
Horace B., Drury, formerly of the
department of economics, Ohio
State University, and reoently with
tho Induitrlal Relations Division
of the Unltod States Shipping
Board. Mr. Drury, during three
montha of study and field investigation, vllsted about twenty Independent ateel planta already running a three-ihift basis, representing about 40 per cent, of tho Industry. HU general conclusions may
bo summarised aa follows:
1. Tho managers of thoae ateel
planta which have made tho
change aro all glad lt haa been
ione. Thoy ore convinced that it
tros "good business." Increased
alertness of the men, with Improved quality of product, less
Waste, and low wear and tear of
equipment have been reported;
also less. absenteeism and lest
carelessness; and a better spirit
boo prevailed among the men. In
oome coses the output hoi been increased and the costs lowered.
2. The . workers have been so
glad to get the shorter hours that
thoy have beon willing ao make
substantial concesslona ln dally
Wagea.
I. While In many cases the
adoption of the three-shift day
may rosult In slightly higher labor
coats, this nood not be tho case.
Whether labor costs are increased
. or not depends primarily on the
preparation and skill of the man-
agement ln bringing the change
about. The extreme cost under
tho worst conditions of change
might amount to 21 cents per ton
Of pig Iron selling for 140. The
Increase for open-hearth work
might amount to 25 centa per ton.
Thus the total Increase ln labor
«oat for a steel Ingot would bo not
more than 40 centa. -If the entiro
•tool Industry—blaat furnaces, steel
works, and rolling milla—went on
three shifts with no Increase ln
efficiency, careful analysis shows
that It could not add more than S
per cent, to tho total cost of making the flnlahed steel rail, bar, or
aheet. As the change would bring
Into play many factors making for
Increased efficiency, lt is probable
that costs ln the long run would
actually be lowered.
. 4. The experience of those
plants which have made tho
ohange, together with the present
fact of considerable and increasing
unemployment tn the steel Industry, makea the Immediate change
largely a matter of the will to undertake lt by those directly concerned.
Ih the typical American ateel
plant more than half of the men
ore still employed twelve hours a
day. In those continuous operation processes which make up the
heart of the steel industry, such as
the blast furnace, the open-hearth
furnace, and most types of rolling
mill, together with the various auxiliary departments necessary to
support these processes and make
a complete plant, the proportion of
twelve-hour workers ls considerably more than half. There are
probably 160,000 such twelve-hour
workera tn the country. In blastfurnaces plants and often In open-
hearth departments these men
work seven days a week. Once in
two weeks they have 18-hour or
14-hour turns. For a long time It
waa supposed ln the steel Industry
that no other form of operation
would work. Leading ateel manufacturers told the Senate Committee which Investigated the ateel
atrlke that the men wanted to work
twelve houra a day in order to get
twelve houra' pay. It was also said
that modern machinery had so
lightened labor in tho steel Industry and work was so intermittent
that a twelve hours' duty In'
volved no physical hardship.
Prior to the war there were undoubtedly many men in the steel
Industry who desired the twelve-
hour day. The typical steel worker has been the newly arrived foreigner, often unmarried, whose
greatest desire was to earn a lot
of money to send or take back to
Europe. Other reaaona for the
continuance of the twelve-hour day
In this Industry long after other industries as a whole have made the
ohange are the shortage of labor
during recent years, the shortage
of houses, the large size of most of
thr planta (making them unwieldy
and slow to adopt any radical
change), and the general freedom
of the Industry from labor unions
and the pressure which they are
able to exert.
Some of these condltlona are
rapidly changing, The growth of
the eight-hour-day Idea ln Europo
means that tho Immigrant to this
country will bo leas passive than
WEEKLY BULLETIN
v   Kamloops
All district conventions having
been held, and the results of same
having been presented to the general  convention  by  the  delegates
 ____________________^__ 'from  the   different  districts,   who
heretofore.   As men are being laid | assembled ln Vancouver on Janu-
off in the steel Industry the short-
age-of-labor argument no longer
holds except in Isolated cases, In
addition the steel strike played a
considerable part ln awakening the
desires of the employees and
strengthening the movement toward a better organization of the
workers. According to Mr, Drury
all the evidence indicates that most
of the men now feel that twelve
hours' work—which, with going
and coming, means thirteen hours
—cannot give them enough time
for home life, let alone education
In English or activity in community affairs. It Is hardly open to
question that a regular twelve-
hour day, not to mention the seven-
day week, ls a strain on the health
of the worker. He would be better
off physically and ln all that depends upon physical welfare with
the shorter day of eight hours.
Nor can the larger though less
tangible question of humanitarian-
lam be Ignored. The higher development of the Individual cannot
come except by leisure waking
hours for education and cultural
development. Whon ho has but a
scant two houra lh the day for this
purpose, we can hardly expect
much growth In the Ideals ot
American citisenshlp. So far from
the point of view of both Individual and national welfare, tho
logic of the situation points to the
adoption of the shorter day.
Tho general drift In other continuous-process industries In the
United States Is also having its
effect on the mind of the ateel
worker. The chemical, glass, coal
mining and paper industries' are
examples of those In which the
shift has already been made or ln
which the process Is well under
way. No other industry rln America
now practices the twelve-hour day
to any great extent.
The adoption of the eight-hour
day oa the universal practice In the
ateel Industry Itself ln other countries Is another influence- on our
own- workers. England, Franco,
Belgium, Oermany, Sweden, Italy,
and Spain have all gone over io
the three-shift system. How long
con we expect the employeea of'
this one industry and country alone
to acquiesce ln a condition whtch
the world has outgrown? To continue lt longer violates the public
sense of what ls Just and what la
truly American.
Camp Reports
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT
A meeting of the dlatrlct executive board of the Kamloops district
Is called for Saturday, February
12, 1921. Any member of this dls*
trict having any suggestions oi
complaints to make should put
them In writing and forward same
at once to the secretary ln ordor
that they may be dealt wtth at
the meeting.
W. S. KILNER,
Secretary-Treasurer.
T1MMINS, ONT. \
At a Regular business meeting of
the Timmins Unit of the One Big
Union, held In the O. B. U. hall,
Timmins, Sunday, Jan. 23, 1921,
the following resolutions were passed:,
"The secretary be Instructed to
notify all job delegates to send ln
a financial statement, hts receipt
book (for auditing) and a report
of his activities at the end of every
calendar month."
"And further, that delegates
should be elected by the members
on the job. In caae of delegate
leaving the job, another delegate
should be Immediately elected, who
will take over the retiring delegate's credentials, receipt book, flnanclal statement, monies, etc., and
return same to local secretary, with
application for credentials, etc., fr
himself, signed by the charlman of
the meeting at which he waa elected."
The question of changing the
present dues receipt for the stamp
system was brought up tor discussion, and the following Resolution
was passed.
This unit go on record aa favoring changing the present receipt
system for the stamp system, and
the secretary be instructed to send
a copy of thts resolution to all units
tn this district, requesting them to
bring lt up for discussion with an
object of sending a resolution to
the next general convention.
While some fellow workers favored the present system, the secre.
tary and some of the Job delegates
present pointed out the difficulty
of keeping a record or checking
off delegates who were changing
Jobs every few weeks.
Thero is no use trying to hide
the fact that the receipt book gives
an unscrupulous - delegate  an  op<
portunlty t0 get away with funds
of the organization.
i Tours for the One Btg Union,
A. J. MACMILLAN,
Secretary.
CRANBROOK DISTRICT
The recent referendum for election of district officials resulted aa
followa:
For . secretary-treasurer, Fred
Bidder.
For   executive   committee:   W.
Allen, A. Carlson, D. Bell, A. Vlau.
(Signed)    JOHN BLAIR,
Returning Officer.
COAST CONVENTION
The credential committee, by a
mistake, gave the Port Neville
delegates, B. James and O. Gray,
as representing 16 members each,
Instead of 42, making the correot
total of 84.
STRIKES
ACTIVE ENGAGEMENTS ON  THE
FIRING LINE
Lapan Log Co.
Metalliferous Mines-
Jackson Bay
.Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
ary 17th, 1921, a short resume and
explanation of tlie status of our
organization will be In order, so
that each members an individual
may be able to form an Intelligent
opinion in regard to the procedure
of the general convention and the
results accruing therefrom. A detailed report of thia convention
will be sent to all camps from the
general, headquarters.
The recent general referendum
sent out. by the L. C. & A. W. department headquarters resulted In
the return of a vote which overwhelmingly supported the action of
the Lumber Workers delegates
to the Port Arthur convention of
the O. B. U. The vote waa two
to one ln favor.
Practically all districts were unanimous that-the Industrial form
of organization ahould be maintained, and the convention therefore set to,work to devise ways and
means whereby thts could be accomplished, We. were, however,
confronted with serious difficulties
because we did not want to repudiate the idea of -the principle of
the O. B. U. Now, as ever before,
we are ready to support and embrace the induatrlal principles of
the O. B. U.,' and we have, from
tho "time ot the inception of the
O. B. U., to the time of the Port
Arthur convention, consistently
supported the O. E. B. of the O.
B. U., by furnishing money both
for the financing of organizing campaigns and educational campaigns.
Our expenditures for educational
literature In the past exceeded $50,-
000.00.
When we afflliated wtth thc O.
B. U. tn July, 1919, the essential
industrial features of an organization was embodied therein, but the
action of the Port Arthur convention after refusing to aeat the lumberworkers' delegatea who demanded to be seated according to
rules of an Industrial organization
aa they Interpreted the O. B. U. to
be, has resulted In the O. B. U. repudiating practically alt Industrial
and democratic features and principles formerly embodied therein.
The O, B. U. have, by eliminating
the words ln the preamble to tho
constitution "not according to
craft but to Industry" havo gone
on record as favoring a "mass or
mob organization" which they call
a class organization; and such an
organization can only function ln
the Interest' of the master class as
lt tends to perpetuate the chaos
already existing among the workers by putting obstacles ln the way
of those workers who as-yet have
not realized where the flret essential common bond of unity among
them exist, namely the job where
he or she finds occupation ln a
given Industry at a given time. To
organize all workers ln a given Industry Is flrst of all essential, before a common bond of unity can
be established between the different industries. The O. B. U. has
repudiated this principle, therefore
they are placing the cart before
the horse, and there can be no
push to an organization of thie
structure. The present O. B. U. as
It remains ls a conglomerate mass
of nothing ln particular, whose
membership has labelled itself O.
B. U„ but have forgotten all the
principles of a One Btg Union. In
other words they have named the
"cat a canary," but naming the
"cat a canary" does not make the
cat sing like the canary.
The delegates to the general
convention, on arriving at Vancouver were confronted with the information that the coast district
had been suspended from the O,
B. U. All other districts of our
organization have also been notl-
ed that they are suspended. All
districts have been notified separately, as Independent units of the
O. B. U. The G. B. B. of the O.
B. U., thereby shows that they
have no Intention of dealing with
the lumberworkers as an organ
tzatton; they have Ignored our
general headquarters, which has
received no notice of suspension.
They have thereby shown us their
true color, I.e., that they do not
Intend to organize Industrially.
They are determined and perfectly
satisfied to organize as a conglomerate mass that can be swayed
here, there and back and forth by
a few would-be working class
emancipators nnd orators, who,
while they are persistently telling
you that the emancipation of the
working class is a problem for the
working class only, would have you
believe that they (the few) have
all the brains and would constitute
themselves as (Moses) the leader.
To all intents and purposes,
they have ln the O. B. U. nothing
that materially differs from the
organization known as the American Federation of Labor*, from
which we have taken So much pain
to steer clear.
Being practically unanimous at
the general convention that the
Industrial form of organization
must be maintained among the
lumberworkers, the delegates Bet
io work to devise ways whereby
this could be accomplished. We
realized that It was essential that
we should have an organization as
efficient as possible, so that we, at
all times, would be in a position to
put up a militant flght againBt the
encroachment of the lumber barons.
Flrat of all, we decided that the
best way to preserve our Industrial
form of organization would be to
reorganize as the Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of Canada, figuring that the example set by ub as
Industrial unionists would be the
best propaganda and education
that we could approach the remainder of the present membership of the O. B, U. with. As stated before, wo aro not repudiating
the principle of the One Big Union,
and as soon as the present O. B.
U. ls ready to abide by the principles that the One Big Union
stands for, we can again become
an Integral part thereof. In thc
meantime the convention haa revised the constitution of the L. C.
& A. W. department of the O. B.
U. to suit tho needs of the Lumber WorkerB Industrial Union of
Canada. This constitution as revised will be submitted along with
all olher matters pertaining to the
organization for a referendum
vote of the entire membership and
as you will note on receipt of this
MN. PAT PROFIT (Indignantly). "There yVtl Deetirt that prove Tm mt Marl)
m fat oa I'M viet**"*
—Drawn for The Federated Press.
referendum that we have model
every effort possible to establish
and reorganize our organization
on the moat democratic principles
by making provisions whereby the
membership will have full and complete control of all affairs pertaining to the organization. It, therefore, behooves each and every Individual member to put his shoulder to the wheel to make this referendum a success, so that we
will be able to atand on our post
record as Induatrlal unionists and
preserve the admiration that every
labor organisation on this continent has held for the Lumberjacks'
Organization since the Inception of
the B. C. Loggers' Union.
Fellow Workers, the above ls a
summary of the general convention
Just held at Vancouver, and will
give the membership of thla district a good Idea of the business
transacted there. A referendum
ballot will shortly be Issued,' giving the membership the Opportunity of passing their judgment on
the proceedings of the convention.
It is reasonable to suppose that
the membership will vote ln favor
of organising aa an Industrial Union, aa that seems to be the only
basis on which we can form an
efficient organization. The recent
break with the general executive
board of the O. B. U. aa a result
of which we stand suspended from
the O. B. U., and the present trade
depression have placed the financial
and other resources at a very low
level, consequently it Ib encumbent
on the membership to rally round
the union and give It the utmost
support. Bemember that the officials of the union do not make the
union. It Ib the membership of
the union which is the all-important factor and lf our union Is to be
a militant and efficient organization, it will have to be made ao by
the action of the men on the job.
The present time affords great opportunity for the men on the job
to spread and solidify the organization and lt was never more .necessary that lt ahould be done than
now. The recent and present hard
times have been the meana of our
losing some of the concessions
wrested from the master, and If
we are to regain these, it ls essential that we should strengthen
our organization to the utmost, bo
that we may present a united front
to the boss this coming spring.
Destructive criticism Inside the
organization Is playing the boss'
game; constructive effort Is playing your own and your fellow-
workers' game. Do not be an unconscious stool pigeon of the mas-
tre olass by bucking your own union, but get busy and play your
own game more vigorouoly than
every.   If your card  is not  paid
British Worker Deported
******
******
******
******
G.B. Currie Tells How He Was Used in Canada
up, send ln your dues as early as
possible and strive by every legitimate means to educate your unorganized follow workers to a full
realization of the necessity of organization ln order to successfully
carry on the every day flght for
better camp conditions and shorter
hours of labor.
Our organization is entering' on
a ; new phase of its existence. It
is absolutely essential that It
should.have the most vigorous support of .Its members In the immediate future. If this support Is
forthcoming, our union will soon
be stronger and more effective
than every. Fellow workers, lt is
up to you. Organize for your own
protection.
Will the following membera correspond with district offlce: Joe
Leroy, H. P. Paradis, C. Petterson,
M. Dunn, John Morris, O. Johnson, Thomas Caabury, W. G. Crawford, H. Vrett, J. McWIllIams, M.
wards, D. Modink, Oeorge Davis,
Charles Larson, Adam Checknon,
Robert Macpherson.
There are letters for the following members at this office, so please
write ln here and have them sent
to wherever you are. The names
are as followa: Andy Olson, Fred
Vogel, Mr. Ben Gleason, A. Morrison, Wm. Malenoir, W. Hawryluk,
George Smith, Helmer Edlund,
John Olson, J, E. Sullivan, F. Cassidy, Thomas Bourke, L. J, Hoffman.
Now, there is one thing that I
want to bring before the membership of this organization, and that
ls fn hpor In mind that the Grand
Pacific Hotel is unfair to organized
labor. All workera coming to Kamloops, do not stay at that hotel.
There are lots of hotels and rooming houses in Kamloops that do
not throw you out ln to the Btreet
at the late hour of nine o'clock at
night, and you wtth a room in the
said hotel at the time of being
thrown out.. Now, fellow workers,
stand on your own principle and
see that you do not play right Into
the hands of the class that ts trying to bleed you of your all and
then holler , "Police." Now, with
a little solidarity, this ought to be
easy for the wage worker to do
and not inconvenience themselves
the least bit.     '
A report comes from McLura
where the Northern 'Construction
Company has a small camp doing
a little repair work on their storage bcom, that conditions are very
bad now. Now, fellow workers,
why not take solid action on n
camp of that type.
Remember that the laat referendum vote In the Kamloops dis
trlct carried unanimously that
May 1st is the day to throw away
On the llth of January, about 3
o'clock ln the afternoon, two officials of the Immigration department called at the Lumber Workers' office, 196 Henry Avenue, and
requested my attendance at the
Immigration hall for the purpose
of appearing befoer the commissioner of Immigration.
Within fifteen minutes after being notified by the officers to appear at the Immigration Hall, the
secretary of the Canadian Workers' Defense League had got busy,
and furnished me with counsel,
and during the whole period that
I have been under the attention of
the Immigration department, Secretary Law haa had a watchful eyo
on tho case.
On my arrival there I was subjected to a series of questions by
the commissioner oa to tho reasons
for my visit to Canada, how I
oame here, etc., eto. After thla
preliminary hearing, I waa told
that I hod violated sub-section 10
of a certain clause of the notorious
Immigration Act. A court of Inquiry consisting of the commissioner, acting in the capacity of
chairman, and two other gentlemen whose names apd occupations are unknown to me, convened for the purpose of determining my status quo ln the Dominion. The greater part of the
examination was conducted along
the lines of an' inquiry upon my
views and Ideas, about economics
and sociological questions. Did I
believe ln organised government,
or waa I in favor of the overthrow
of properly constituted government
by force? Did I. advocate class
hatred, or preach the doctrines of
working-class discontent, etc., etc.?
After rather a lengthy session the
court adjourned until the following morning, January 12, at 10
o'clock. I was released from the
Immigration Hall that evening, at
though thoy wanted a bond of
$200 to make sure of my appearance ln the morning. I presented
myself at the Immigration Hall at
the appointed hour the following
|vday, and Waa told to come back at
2 o'clock In the afternoon. At 2
o'clock January 12 court again
convened. The Inspector from
Emerson waa called as a witness,
and he being asked if he remembered having ever seen me coming
ln on the train from Emerson to
Winnipeg, ln the month of June,
1920, stated that he had never seen
me before. That he was on duty
all during the month of June, and
having a great memory for faces,
fhe was positively sure that I never
was upon any train inspected by
him whatsoever.
The court then began to question
me along lines similar to that
adopted on the previous day. I
waa then asked how soon I could
make by own arrangements to
leave the country, and desiring as
much time as possible to make my
arrangements consistent with the
duties which I had taken on hand,
I suggested aome time In the middle of February, but I was asked
to make them sooner. The court
then adjourned to meet again on
the 21st of January, and in the
meantime, I was allowed until that
time to make my own arrangements to "GET."
After consultation with my
friends, I decided to make my own
arrangements for leaving the country. This course allowed me to go
wherever I pleased, and I arranged
to sail from St. John on January
28th.
I came to Canada for the purpose of studying the working-class
movement here, and to gather as
much information aa possible
about the methods of the One Big
Union, and to flnd out how the
working class was taking to the
Idea of a one big organization of
wage workers, finally accepting
a position as organizer, temporarily, for the Lumber Workers' Department of the One Big Union.
I then, according to the immigration authorities' opinion, under the
terms of the Immigration Act,
ceased to be an non-Immigrant,
and became an Immigrant, and undor the act liable to fine and deportation. This, however, Is merely the loop-hole by which the class
that I have consistently fought.
seek now to get rid of me, for my
activities against them. The meeting in the Strand Theatre in the
debate with Kohn. in my estimation, wns merely the culmination of
a series of careful watchlngs and
taking of notes. That part of my
speech, which appeared In the
Free Press of Monday, January
10, In which I am reported to have
said, "I firmly believe that the best
Weapon to use Is a club," is a
mere twisting of what I actually
did say. I said, "that thc best pcr-
Buader that I knew ot was a club
wielded over the head of the boBS.
For God's sake don't use lt. The
fear of lt wilt be sufficient to make
him give you what you want."
This reference to the big club
meant the solidarity of labor
united ln one big class organization.
I came to Canada hating the
whole capitalistic system, and I
leave  the shores of  Canada with
this hatred embittered. On the
eve of my departure for the old
world, let me emphasise once more
the fact, that the working class
haa no country, and this latest
act of Canadian capitalistic officialdom substantiates this opinion. We
used to believe that a British subject waa free to roam thia glorious pmptre, and that no individual had any right to question
how or why he came to be living
ln any part of It, but thlnga have
changed to suit the conditions of
the bankers and the bondholders.
To the capitalist class of Canada,
entrenched as they are behind their
state machino, supported by political twisters, stool pigeons, and
semi-military bodies, I have no
apologies to make, and I withdraw
nothing that I have ever said during the whole period I have been
here. If they are wise, they will
realise that this policy of Imprisoning, Intimidating, and getting rid
of working class speakers and organisers, la a futile one. They
cannot atom this tide of 'progress
that Is carrying the workers of the
world forward to a better and
brighter future. They can get rid
of individuals, but they cannot destroy Ideas. . My departure for the
old country has been made possible by the collections taken up by
the Labor Church and several
other Winnipeg workers' organizo*
tions, the balance being made up
by the Defense League. It Is unnecessary for me to stress the fact
that I thank these- workers' organizations and Individuals, who
contributed to thta fund, for their
immediate response to enable me
to leave the country.
Workers of Canada, organise
your forces! Close your ranks!
Educate yourselves! . Obtain the
poweri Destroy production for
proflt!   -
G. B. CURRIE
NOTICE
Anyone knowing the preaent address of Fellow Worker C. W.
Newman, please communicate with
Vancouver headquarters.
*-Drawn by Fred Ellis for The Federated Press.
the blankets.   The vote stands 123
for and 7 against.
On and after January 31st, ad
dress all letters, and mako all
money payable to W. S. Kilncr,
Box 812, Kamlops, B. C„ the In
going secretary. The new district
executive board members from this
district arc N. D. McKinnon, John
L. McDonald, James Daley and
Wm. Foster. And for general executive member from this district,
James L. Peterson was elected.
Now all members who are In
terested In a real Industrial union
and a union pnpot' to be published
once a week and as stumps will
be available in a few days, you
Bhould write to this office nnd get
your stamps, which arc 2fi cents
each. That entitles you to the New
workors' paper. So come fellow
workers, let us boost for our own
paper.
JAMES L. PETERSON,
Secretary-Treasurer
REGULAR MEETING
Regular propaganda meeting
held at headquarters, Sunday, January 23rd, 1921, at 2 p.m.
Fellow Worker John Clark ln
the chair.
Minutes of the previous meeting
read and approved.
Fellow Worker Maher roported
for the unemployed and stated that
the unemployed committee had no
placo to meet and therefore had
been unable to do anything.
Financial report given ln detail
ahowlng;
Balance on hand, Jan. (..$1,662.60
Receipts       619.90
THE VAMPIRE AND THB
JUGGINS '
"A fool there waa, and he dug a
hole, **
Even as you and I;
And he slid In the hole on a slippery pole.
And worked like the dickens dig*
ging coal,
Even as you and 1;
He struggled away till the work
waa done,
Even aa you and I,
And found when 'twas over he'd
dug. a ton,
And he pointed proudly to what he
hod done, ,
Even as you an I.
"He brought the coal to the light
• of day,
Even as you and X;    ,
He listened ln earnest and heard
the bosa say,
I'll give you a scuttle full for your
pay,
Even aa you and I;
And It wasn't the   work   and   It
wasn't the sweat that galled
the slaving chump,
It was digging a ton and getting a
lump,
Even aa you and I.
So what did he do   when ■ the
*ruth he found,
Even as you and I;
Why, he went right back to hla
hole ln the ground,
And atlll dug a ton, and still for,
a pound,'
Even as you and L
And It isn't the rich   bug   that
makes ua mod,   0
And fume and fret and sigh;
It's the hopeless idiot that digs that
hole,
And keeps on voting to dig the
coal,
For a vampire that don't give a
dam for his soul,
Even as you and I."
LABOR GOVT.
$2,182.56
Leas expenditures  -  1,384.02
Balance on hand, Jan 20 $   798.54
Report was received and referred
to audit.
Moved: That the present com-1
mittee, appointed to meet the unemployed, be discharged, and a new
committee elected.   Carried.
Nominations were called for, fur
the new committee, but no one accepted nomination.
Moved: That the motion re-appointing a new committee be reconsidered.   Carried.
Moved: That the present committee be discharged nnd no other
committee appointed for the present.   Carried.
Moved: That the books In the
library be put In lhe office and a
list of the books to -be hung in the
reading room; books to be kept
one week, but can he taken out
again. Also that If tho books are
not returned In a week that the
name of the member who got the
book be published in the official
organ and posted on the blackboard.   Carried.
Moved: That we recommend to
the coast executive that they get
Into touch with a'l mnrine transport workers with a view nf coming to a reciprocal agreemont
whereby we will bc able to assist
one another during strikes. Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 4:15 p.m.
Cranbrook Meml*ern Killed
Fellow Worker Adam Sarchuk,
C. S. 29, was killed at camp No. 6,
Skookumohuek. January 21. 1921.
Fellow Worker .T*^mes Frame,
C. F. 35, was killed at Kitchener,
January 24, 1921, while breaking
down skldway.
Both of these members Joined
the orgnnization at Cranbrook
when things wore not looking very
plcaBnnt  for  the  organized  work-
l-'liM Aid.
First Aid Instruction Classes will
commence "January 4. Thc Compensation Board will arrange classes previous to that dnte if twenty
or more will attend.
Forces Capitalists to Lift
Financial Blockade
Against Country
Some time ago, ln ordor to try
and cripple the activities of the
Labor government of Queensland
(Australia), the capitalists of that
country sent a delegation to warn
the money-lenders of England
against lending money to the
Queensland Labor government It
was hoped that by declaring a flnanclal blockade against the country
that the Labor government would
flnd Itself hampered in the prosecution of Ita work of State Socialism. Hence, when Premier Theodore of Queensland, went to London to raise a $45,000,000 loan, he
was refused.
But Labor governments In Australia have a way of beating the
capitalists at their own game.
When he was refused a loan ln
London, Premier Theodore Immediately dissolved the parliament of
his country, forced the people to a
general election, and made it plain
that if returned, he would get the
money for the purposes of government from the capitalists of that
eountry—If not voluntarily, then by
compulsion.
In other words, he made lt plain
that aa they hod tried to bring
about a financial blockade to try
and cripple the country, and had
actually succeeded ln getting the
London - Jews to refuse to lend
money to Quueensland, they would
have to flnd the money themselves.
Poetic Justice, surely!
The Queensland Labor government, having been re-elected, It
has lost no time In putting Its
threats Into operation. The flrst
bill passed by the government ls
one entitled the Loans Subscription
BUI, whclh makes lt compulsory
on the part of tho capitalists to
subscribe to any loan the government wishes to float.
The government will decide just
how much thc capitalists will put
Into the loans, and makes It operative on all capitalists with an annual average Income of over $5000
a year. Those who refuse to pay
up for the loans will flnd themselves dcnlt with by the government, and forced to come up to
the matk with the money.
Thus the wealthy enemies of the
Labor government of Queensland,
who tried to traduce the government, are going to he mnde to pay
pretty severely for their action.
This should Leach them a lesson ln
the future. Then" again, they are
the jokers who howled for compulsion when the war waa on—
that Is, compulsion for* soldiers by
conscription. That being so, they
cnn hardly have any Berlous objection to compulsion being applied
to themselves.
The study of Esperanto takes
place every Wednesdny evening
commencing at 8 p.m., at the Union hall, 440 Pender Street West.
STATEMENT OF MEDICAL SUPPLIES  SHIPPED TO  SOVIET
RUSSIA- ON  ACCOUNT OF THE  SOVIET RUSSIA
MEDICAL RELIEF COMMITTEE
January 1, 1921
Total shipped to November 30, 1920  $48,716.65
Shipped during December, 1920, via Libnu: 2 cases
containing 792 bottles each of Antl-Typhold Vaccines @ 50c a bottle  $     792.00
Via S.S. Jackson, consigned to Reval: 49 cases containing 792 bottlo* each of Anti-Typhoid Vaccines
@  50c a bottle   19,404.00
1071 hypodermic syringes (glass barrel and piston,
and one gold-tempered needle In glass lined metal
ense @  $1.15; 1,000 extra needles      1,552,95
6 cases of different drugs and medical instruments
collected by Philadelphia and New York s. R. M.
R. Committeos, total weight 1,439 lbs., estimated
value       1,200,00
Cartage of supplies          10.00
Insuranco .«.  26.25
Total shipped during December, 192<J
'?t*t"
-$22,986.20
Grand totjil to December 31, 1920 ....'..*..
Paid In cash to November 30, 192(ftlfl|
Paid In cash during Dei-ember,  lDB,^,
Donated Goods  ■'-- *iWu
Balance payable  &-<■..:.'.'__.
*•,{•*. s}ic sir, r
6,036.25
1,200.00
..$71,701.85
CELi," 27,919.72
COMMERCIAL DEPARTMENT O^jgOVWr WJf*
(Signed)
jjubUmj
—$71,701.85
IA GOVERNMENT
■Vs
4**1
. OHSOL, Director.
i$»* l^AGEFOUR
rfHHlTEENTH TEAR.   No. «
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, B. c.
FRIDAT.  February *. ^»
THE BC. FEDERATIONIS
-fufrlilhed every Friday morning by The B. 0,
■•   - Federafionist, Limited
A, a WELLS...
...Managor
Office:   Boom 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Street West
•   ' Telephone Soymour 8871
Bubscribtion Bates: Unltod Statea and Foroign,
$3.00 per year; Canada, 32.60 per year, ,1.60
for six montha; to Unions subscribing In a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  Ihe Hope of the World
..February 4, 1921
THE tag day, on behalf of thc starving
people in China, held in Vancouver
last Saturday, created considerable" excitement, and the aftermath has not yet
subsided. Vancouver's unemployed showed an amount of ini-
THE tiative worthy  of a
OUTCOME Of better cause, the
CAPITALISM many placards carried by the pickets
showing the confusion of thought that existed amongst the men who resented the
collecting of funds for starving Chinese,
whilst the unemployed in the local vicinity are left largely to their own devices. Whether the man carrying the placard with the following words on it, "I
am a victim of the present system," knew
it or not, he was at least displaying the
only one that in any way was near the
truth. He was indeed a victim of the present system as are the starving people in
China. Pefhaps nothing that has happened in the city for a considerable time has
caused more real thinking than Saturday's happenings. The situation at times
being fraught with all kinds of possibilities. Ministers of the gospel were told
what the unemployed thought of them,
and at times, the air was electric with excitement.
•. . is
No individual with any kind of human
feeling could possibly think of the starving without a feeling of compassion, unless that person be a member of the ruling
class, and the people suffering have attempted to change their methods of producing the necessities of life, as has been
the case with the Russian people, and then
the blockade; which means starvation and
all that it entails, is inflicted on a people
because of their efforts to improve their
methods of providing for the needs of the
nation. While it is possible to feel sympathy for the starving millions in China
and Europe, sympathy will not in any
way assist them. Neither will tag days.
If relief can be given, it will only be a
crumb to the hungry. It will never be
of a permanent character while the present system lasts, and the man carrying the
placard, which indicated, .that he was a
victim of the present system, was nearer
the truth than he possibly realized.
» » •
While the people in China are starving,
M.ke people in the Old Land are complaining about the quality of Chinese flour tbat
they are being compelled to eat. A local
paper suggests the sending of three million bushels of wheat to aid th* suffering
in the Celestial kingdom. In the meantime millions of eggs are being exported
from that land to this and other countries. This situation is not, however, confined to China. The unemployed of this
country are lacking the necessities ol life
while tons of foodstuffs are being exported to other lands, and, the suggestion to
ship wheat to starving people in China
while there are people starving in this
country is only another evidence of the
confusion that reigns in the minds of
those people who uphold the present system. The wealth of any nation is measured by the amount pf commodities exported. On that basis the Chinese empire will
be rich in relation to the number of eggs;
the tons of rice, an'd the barrels of flour
that are shipped to othor countries, just
as Canada's wealth is measured by the
amount of wheat and other products peculiar to this country that are exported.
* * *
Wage slavery is the basis of capitalism.
Commerce is carried on between nations,
. not in the interests of the different peoples, but in the interests of those who
proflt by the present system of production. Our boasted commerce consists of
the packing of commodities that have
been produced by the slaves in one country to another. Shoes are made in thc Old
Land and shipped to this and other countries. Shoes made in Cartada and other
countries are sent to the Old Land. Flour
made in China is sent to Great Britain,
while the people in China starve. The
shoemakers in England are shoeless, and
the shoemakers in Canada are without the
means of securing the necessities of life.
' This is business. It is capitalism. It is
wage slavery. And wage slavery is anarchy. It is chaos and nothing else can come
out of thc present system of society. The
workers produce commodities not for the
local market, but for a world market.
Production is not carried on for use, but
for profit. When the workers are most in
need of the necessities of life, production
is shut off. The very things that they
have produced are inaccessible, because
of the fact that they do not own them.
They are compelled, under the present
system, to sell their labor power. It is
all they have to sell, and only when they
are able to dispose of it, are they able
to secure the common necessities of life
necessary to the standard of living which
will enable them to carry on production;
Having sold thcir. only commodity, wliich
naturally becomes the property of a ruling class, the workers have no say in the
disposal of the wealth Milch they havo
created. The product of their toil belongs
to the master class, who Mriuse themselves
and reap the profltSf by the disposal of
the wealth' created-"by'dripping it round
the world and in maiiy cases backward
ami forward from'one port to. another
where it is sold nnd resold without even
being unloaded, until eventually it is dis
posed of to the consumer. The amount
of labor consumed in this process of trade
and commerce is enormous. It is sheer
wasted effort, but essential and inevitable
under the present system. Tag days may i
be held, pickets may protest, and unemployed meetings may pass resolutions, but
until the present system is abolished, the
production of wealth for the use of the
people is impossible, and as long as that
condition exists the people will starve,
in the midst of plenty. Will suffer the
pangs of hunger while the things that the
workers have produced and which would
relieve their sufferings surround them but
because of the class ownership of the
means of wealth production'do not belong
to those who need them the most. Riches
and poverty are inevitable undor capitalism. Unemployed people are as essential
under capitalism as is tho class ownership
of the means of wealth production, starvation, war and pestilence are the outcome
of the present system of society, and the
unemployed of this country, and the
starving millions of China and Europo are
the victims of capitalism. When the present system is abolished relief will be secured but not before; the ravings of
bishops and other confusionists notwithstanding. „    '
ONE of the weightiest questions of the
day in bourgeoisie circles is the payment of the indemnity by the Germnns.
Many workers are also very much interested in this most moi. entous question,
and like their masters de-
WHO mand that full reparation
WOK be made by tho Hun for
THE WAB the damage done during
the war. Last week we
were told that the terms of payment had
bcen arranged. This week we have been
informed that Germany will not pay. Wc
are inclined to be of the opinion that the
latter is correct, and thnt it is impossible
for Germany to piy the indemnity laid
down by the Supreme Council, and that
it is still more impossible for the various
nations to ever pay thcir accumulated national debts. This opinion will no doubt
be considered as being, nonsensical, but
time will tell, and while not wishing to
pose as prophets, we can at least feel safe
in stating that in the years to come wc
will be able to say: "We told you so."
* .      # *
Having taken the position that Germany cannot pay, for the sake of argument, we will assume that the indemnity
can be paid by the Hun, and consider the
consequences to the nations to whom it
will be paid. Naturally thc nations to be
indemnified wish to be paid in sold. Both
Prance and Great Britain realize that if
it is paid in goods that it will affect their
industries. Lloyd George, when asked
what was the hardest problem of the reparation question, replied:
"All the nations are agreed that_
Germany must pay the indemnity by
exports, and all the Allied nations arc
agreed that they do not want German exports.
"France thinks England should
take German exports and enable Germany to pay reparations with what
we would owe.
"Wc think France stands much
more in need of German exports than
we do. And Mr. Harding said he was
determined on one thing—that Europe shouldn't pay her debt to America by sending goods."
Assuming that Germany can pay in
gold; beforc she can do so, she must exchange commodities for that metal. While
the Allied nations who are to receive the
indemnity do not wish to receive payment
in manufactured goods, yet no matter
whether it be paid in gold or goods, their
industries will be affected. Commodities
arc today produced for n world's market.
Germany, in order to pay the indemnity
in gold, must export a vast nmount of
commodities in order that she can receive
payment, and unless she is paid iu gold
she cannot pay tho indemnity with that
much desired metal. In fact she must bo
given a pretty clear field in the world's
market with her exports or it will be impossible for her to pay with cither goods
or gold. That being so, tho market of
■the world being restricted, and only able
to assimilate a certain quantity, Germany
must be the most effective competitor
with the nations who have condemned her
to pay to the limit. In other words German industry would flourish while thc nations who are receiving the indemnity will
stagnate.
#■»■■..#
Struggling as they arc, the nntion? who
comprise the "beneficiaries" under thc indemnity agreement, are faced with a question that they cannot solve. The war has
made Europe bankrupt. The market for
exports has bcen curtailed to such an extent that without any very aggressive
competition on the part of Germany, they
arc at thqir wits end to find n solution for
thcir own unemployment problems
any further active competition, and a further restricting of that mnrkct, will only
increase the -economic problems that lio
withiji their own borders. Even thc capitalistic press in some instances realizes
this fact and has condemned the reparations conditions and terms of payment.
# » #
The Vanoouver Daily World, in a ponderous maBS of verbiage, comes to the conclusion that the big issuo has been decided, and concludes with the following
tempt to fool the world into believing that
Germany can pay will only accentuate
the situation and cause confusion to be
worse confounded. Credits oanno) be reestablished. The many nations that have
already defaulted in the payment of interest on war loans is proof conclusive
of the inability of those nations to re-
habiliate their financial position in the
world, and the situation must become
worse as the days go by. Capitalism has
completely broken down. Like a human
icing that has reached the limit of endurance through overwork or nerve
strain, it may stagger on in a kind of stupor for a time; but recovery is impossible.
No quack remedy has or can bc invented
to stimulate the circulation of international finances so that "normalcy" can be
secured. Death to the system looms nearer and more menacing every day. Tho
amount of unemployment in all countries
is growing. Great Britain is facing a situation that is driving her so-called statesmen and her Welsh wizard to distraction,
the promises made by the supreme counoil
of the league of nations that Germany will
pay is not capable of staving off the day
when the workers of all the European
countries will have to take control of the
means of wealth production or starve to
death. The British, workers, in spite of
those who do not think they are advanced,
are steeped in class antagonisms. They
are naturally antagonistic to the ruling
elass, or more specifically to the 'employing class. Long generations of oppression have sowed the seed of revolt against
their Blavery and the added fuel o? further unemployment and misery is.all that:
is needed to compel them to act, and to
act on lines that will bring them their
freedom. The supreme Council haa, in
laying down the indemnity terms, builded
better than its members knew. They
have only added further obstacles in the
way of capitalism being bolstered up for
a few ydars, and the workers of all Unds
should bc thankful that the world's' ruling class- is' digging its own grave; In
spite of the misrepresentation of Norman
Angell by journalistic prostitutes,' his
words and his interpretations still stand
unrcfuted, and these wore to the effect
"that a world war would not pay." lt
has not paid the ruling class. It has only
brought their reign of rule and robbery
the closer to its finish. The Vancouver
Daily World may think that the, Allies
won the war; and that Germany lost it,
but no section of the ruling class won nnything. The workers of the world iv6ti the
war and the fruits of victory will be theirs
in the near future. Capitalism wiU pa£
the indemnity for the war, and pay it ta
the working class on its demise, and Sbi
viot Russia is collecting the first installment. In that day will the efforts of the
human race towards economic freedom be
realized. This could not be accomplished
until 'capitalism had been developed, and
reaching the apex. Capitalism was necessary to bring the methods of production
to the point -where the workers could benefit by the slavery of their elass all down
the ages. Tho means of wealth production have bcen brought to that point that
they cannot be used in the interests of
the human family so long as they are
owned by a possessing class in society.
The next step is the collective ownership
of those means of production and the production of wealth for use and the antics
of a mad ruling class are aiding the workers in bringing that much-desired day of
emancipation. Speed the day.
Mayor Gale objects to the allowance
for delegations on city business being restricted to $10 per day, and if the local
press reports him correctly, has intimated
that he will not go on any delegation if
ho can not have his out of pocket expenses paid. Wc have no objection to
the mayor getting all he can, but would
.call his worship's attention to the fact
that the city council does not think it
necessary for thc unemployed to have a
room at the rate of $5 per day, and that
no such sum as that is allowed for meals
lo thc city's unfortunate members of the
working class. But then respectable aldermen and civic dignitaries aro of different clay to the returned soldier out of
work, and the unfortunate individual with
no war record, who can not get employment, 65 cents is sufficient for their cats,
They have evidently not got the same
capacity as thc civic officials.
With the German question disposed
of it will now be possiblo tO/put the
finances of Europe generally on a
proper basis. As soon as that is done
credits for food supplies and raw materials can bc arranged and the people of tho continent get to work rebuilding a civilization which has come
terribly .near being completely
wrecked.
* » »
The German quostion, however, has not
boon settled, It never will be settled under capitalism. The work of rebuilding
civilization will never bc accomplished
under the present system. The latest at-
Alderman Scribbcns slipped a good onc
over Alderman Crone at last Monday's
meeting of thc city council, when thc following questions, were asked and answered :
"I would like to ask," stated Aid.
Crone during the question period,
"whether Aid. Scribbcns (Labor) at
the present time is thc representative
of tne civic employees?" '.   ,,.
"I am," asserted Aid. Scribbcns.
Then he came back with the question, »'
"And T would like to ask whother
Aid..Crone is a representative of the T
Cartage Association?"
"Yes, I am," replied Aid Crone.     *
__  tj    |
Tho late R. H. Young, secretary of Ithe
Campaigners of the Great War, I J. no
passed away early on Wednesday morning as a result of his war services, has
been credited with many efforts to aid the
unemployed; he also showed his sympathies some time ago with the men now
in gaol in Winnipeg by starting to raise
funds for their defense and headed the
list by $50.00. He also played the game
in the general strike, ajid was one of the
returned veterans' officials who could not
be used against the workers.
Ono of the placnrds carried by the
pickets last Saturday had the following
inscribed on it, "The Big Threc-Civil-
ization, Starvation, Salvation." That is
just about what capitalism represents.
Starvation on earth nnd the promise of
salvation and pic in the sky, when you
die.  Some civilization.
The politicians are again loose and
calling onc another names. We do not
feol disposed to quarrel with their estimates of each other.
Excerpts from the Study
of the Evolution'
of Man
The flrst meetnig ln the study
course of "The Evolution of Man,"
held In the F, L. P," hall, every
Monday evening, at I p.m., was a
suc.ess.
The "Theological vs. the Scientific Mode of Thought," was the subject, and considerable discussion
followed the address of the speaker, W. J. Curry. ,
The social and intellectual status
of the barbarous tribes known as
the Israelite!, from whom the people ot thls-great Christian civilisation (?) derive so mueh of their
mental and spiritual nourishment,
was outlined.
True, lt ls that physical selenoe
which fought In the Middle Ages,
with the powers of the Feudal
church, has In theae latter daya of
machine production and scientific
methods, gone almost unchallenged. The masters needed this science: But so does superstltltion,
whloh ls fed Into the plaster b. ain
of our children In Bible classes
and Sunday schools, go also unchallenged, and in the attitude of
the press and the school, silence
gives consent.
Moulding the Intellect
The speaker believed that this
passive endorsements of faith and
theology was due to the economic
value that blind faith and the slave
virtues taught by Jehovah and
Christian mythology, haa in molding the Intellect of the masses and
rendering them the pliant subjects
of the upper classes.
It ls a fact that today some of
our "Labor leaders" are silent on
this matterof religion, being themselves ignorant on the subject, or
fearing, perhaps, to offend thoso
who are coming our way, and yet
without a clear conception of the
class nature of modern society, of
the function of the State, and its
relationship to institutional religion, these men and women are but
blind guides, who in the time of social crisis may bo found on the
side of reaction.
Religion based on superstition
has ever been and wtll ever be the
great brake on the wheels of progress, lf as we affirm,- only through
understanding and the scientific
methods, of thought can emancipation come.
The speaker believed that when
the dead hand's of ancient divinities and savage concepts of the early Jews can hold down millions on
this continent, we are some distance yet from the age of reason
and human brotherhood.
Blind Faith
Some of the contrasts between
blind faith and thc scientific method
was displayed by the following sentences, id writing, visible to all,
and on these texts the speaker based his remarks:
"Ignorance alone enslaves.
"Thtt truth shall make us free.
- "The two ways of accounting for
man and nature, first, through An
thromorphlMn or men shaped gods
such as Jehovah, Jupiter, Isls, etc.
The. second, through Naturalism
and Evolution.*
Science declares that man and
the universe are the product, not
of creation by supernatural powers,
but of evolution . through natural
law.
"Matter and force are unbeatable, inseparable and lndcstructi
ble."
"The only changeless law In the
universe ls the law of change.'
The speaker declared, he was"hot
after truth for truth's soke, or set
ence sake, but he wanted tho rational method applied for tho promotion of human happiness and
real progress and felt that religious
and political superstition and the
dead hands of the past must be
thrown off before wo could be
freed.
It a. hIii'm Education
PtlBBla was cited as a land where-
men, women and children were now
beinfe educated along scientific
lines. The old autocratic state had
been thrown into the scrap heap,
where all capitalists, states and su-
perstltitions must be thrown. The
younger generation in Soviet Russia will be free from the fetters of
Ignorance which our children are
still..being shackled with in our
churches and schools. Today chis-
selled deep In the granite door-
posts' of somo of the great, catho-
drals of Moscow ls the Inscription,
"Religion Is the opium of thc people." This ls why every capitalist
State haa today a mistress ln the
church, and why the church prays
for the Stute.
Not only are tho great Christian
organisations today the greatest
holders of property, but the prloBt-
hmid and clorgy are privileged
classes and. are more ancient than
even tho State or privato property.
Protecting the people from angry
gods ahd mad devils is an old profession.
No ruling class could today hold
the great mass of humanity In
bondage without tho intellectual'
fatten alone supplied by what ll
termed religion.
The Divine Right
Theology affirms the "divine
right of kings," rulers and empires.
We are told that the Bin of disobedience ln eating of tbe tree of knowledge brought suffering and death
to mankind and disobedience and
knowledge are ever the precursories
of rebellion and revolution against
servitude and the state.
With the exploiting class in such
complete control of the minds of
their subjects through religion,
schools and press, Is there any wonder that the science of sclology and
Human relationship Is untaught
and unheard of among the vast
majority of even our "educated
classes?"
This flrst address was to clear
the way for what follows. ' On Monday next, at 8 o'clock, will be compared the Jewish and scientific method of accounting for the world,
and the flrst forms of life on this
planet.
Questions and answers at each
meeting. The latest and greatest
authorities on the subjects given.
All interested are Invited.
JUNIOR   LABOR
INITIATION NIGHT
Varied Programme at Thl» Evening's  Meeting—Branches*
In the Dominion
The programme for the Junior
Labor League meeting tonight (Friday) ls somewhat varied. The meeting will convene at 7:30 o'clock
sharp, at 21 Thirteenth avenue
west, when Comrade J. S. Woods-
worth will lead a discussion ln Industrial History for about an hour.
After the discussion, several young
poople are to be Initiated as members of the League, and ns there
are quite a few tr "ride the goat"
lt ls expected that this part of the
programme frill take some time.
The time that la loft will be taken
up with impromptu talks by the
members, who will hsve to make
speeches on any subject they draw
out of a hatful of topics that the
oducational committee will have
prepared.' It was decided at the
business meeting last Friday to got
in touch with other towns ln British-Columbia with a view to forming branches of the League in as
many places as possible. At present the young people are organized In Vancouver, Brandon and
Winnipeg. Notice of motion wis
also given that the name of the
League be changed from "Junior
Labor. League," to "Young Labor
League." This will be decided at
the next business meeting.
London.—A scheme to establish
an international clearing-house for
the exchange of tho productions of
the Eur6pean Co-operative Socle-
ties has bcen adopted. The principle U barter. Details have still to
be worked out. The scheme would
tend to make the co-operative societies independent of the variation of the money exchanges it la
said. i
Auckland, N. Z. —Laundry work-
era here have secured a flve-day
week of forty-one and one-half
hour. Sugar mill operatives have
secured a forty-four hour week and
a wage scale ranging from twenty
to twenty-five dollars a week after
a strike lasting several weeks.
Labor and Socialist
Literature
IN  ALL  LANGUAGES
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Cor, Hastings and Columbia
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
EMPRESS
Phone Stymour 2.08
NEXT  WEEK
"On Trial"
Featuring Hay B. Collins
nud Margaret Marriott
PANTAGES
Next Week
PBIMBOSB MINSTRELS
Wltb Mrs. Oeorge Prlmroie
Other Big Feature!
Bargains in
Work Shirts
Just purchased a line of dark grey work
sEirts that has been selling for $2.75. f. ur price,
$1.75. They are good shirts, with high and low
collars.
Men's Camp Blankets from, per pair $6.00
Men's Overalls, with Bib, at Cordova St., for $1.76
Men's Sweater Coats, up from $4.<W
Men's Diamond Front Jerseyi $8.60
Steamboat Caps, for each '. $2.00 and $8.00
Men's Hats, special _~ $3.60
Stetson Hats, Baincoats and Overcoats at Cost.
LOTS OF BARGAINS IN SHOES
W. B. BRUMMITT
DIAMONDS
Not only are yon
safeguarded «s to
tbe quality of the
piamonds we sell—
you an also assured
of the very highest
clasa of workman*
phip In. the design.
Ing and making of
tbe settings.
Whethor your pur.
uhase be a
Brooch
QMLWan
Bar Pin
Lavalliere
Pendant
tn other form of
Jewellery, It will be
correct In every particular.
Quality considered,
our prices will com-
pare favorably wtth
any Jewellery Houae
In Canada.
The Hums of Diamonds
480-410 Oranvllle Street
al  Oirur  Fender  Street
DENTAL PLATES
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting, are features of onr dental plate department.
Dr. Cordon Campbell
I Dental Art Establishment j
One GRANVILLB STREET)
Ovu Corner Hobson
Over Owl Drag Store.   Soy. 59381
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
HENRY DAHL, Prop.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
331 Abbott St.     Vancouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8818
Our Selling System
~T~ I
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
■ti-f
Two Stores    •
Society Brand
Clothes
JRogers Building
Fit-Reform
. Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores -
J. W. Foster
LIMITED
ORPHEUM
theatreIh
THE HOME OF, OOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee 2:80
Evenings 8:20
18 and 20 Oordova St. W.
444 Main Street
King up Phono Seymou 1854
(or appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST    ' .
Suite Ml Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. O.
OQNTARQUL!
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FURNITURE, STOVES,
BEDS, Etc, at cost. Our stock
la Bit ,and ao are our Bar.
gains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bo. (ht and
Sold.
Love & Co.
AUCTIONEERS—DEALERS
Phone Seymour 2748
570 SEYMOUR STREET
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best sorvice count to
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
233 KMGSWAV, VANOOUVER
Phone Fairmont 88
Prompt Ambulance Sendee
Phone Sey, 221      Day or Night
NUNN AND THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
531 Homer St. Vancouver, B. C.
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Prlcea
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel.
2391 Qranvllle Stmt
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Offlee and
Chapel, 122 Sixth St. W.
Phons N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:   Offlee and
Chapel, 2123 Main St.
Phone Fairmont tl.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
mo a.o.ft> nml
Bander i.r.tc.1. 11 s.m. tod T.IOsp.a.
Sunday school Inunedieuly foUoetag
morning Berries.    Wedn.adar tootU-tald
*_**!!—• J. J*...*"* "•a1"* *—**
001-008   Blrko   Bids.
0. HOLDEN 0IGAR STAND
18 Hastings St. E.
O. B. U. OABD
Pttroalie Thoro Who Fitroain Teat
THE telephone le a dlreol mosai
of communication. Why roply te
a «all In snch a manner ss to Ua*
pair lta ui.fuln.iel la firing tie
namo of yonr firm when answerlag
doea not Imply bruiqtienoel. It Is
buain.i.llke, true, but there la tile
t courtoay behind It thtt la appreciated by the person calling.
British Columbia Telephone
Company
'HE    ONLY    „_..uN   MADS
.   OLOVE IN B. O.
Wholesale—Retail
Best Quality—Right Prloei
VANCOUVER OLOVE CO,
223 Carrall Street
 Sey. 1280     .
bb iraa tow on
VAN BROS.
wh:,*. tou ass ros
-CIDER-
in! non-alcoholic wliw of an
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION FRroAT..,.;„.^,„_.February I. CT21
THIRTEENTH TEAR.   No. 4
DRUGLESS
HEALING
DOWNIE
Sanitarium
LIMITED
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bank—Corner of Haatinge
ud Richards
Phones:    Seymoar 80i|
Highland 81341,
We have been wrongfully ae-
cused of practicing medicine.
We do nol. More reasons
why we da not given by medical doctor! of International
fame,
Our miscalled remedies are
absolutely Injurious to our
patients.—Dr. Jameson, Edinburgh.
It Is only because we conceal from our patients our
real Intention arid deceive
him Into believing we have
medical resources, whloh In
fact we do not possess, that
he take! the medicine at all.
—Richard Cabot, M.D., Chief
Medical Staff Massachusetts
Qeenral Hospital.
Same authority: In what
per centage of our caaea
where our EO per cent, ls Incorrect and in which we are
nblo to do nothing but palliate, might not the irregulars do bettor? Who can tell?
Why la lt not intelligently
tried out?
The medical Journals repeatedly admit the failure of
drugs, but the ethics of the
medical profession forbids
the medical doctors acknowledging any merits in a drugless system.—L. W. Edwards,
M.D., Omaha, Neb,
And Note This Admission!
Physicians are not In the
clasa that will be permitted
to pass final judgment on the
practise of the healing art—
Herber A. Parkins, M.D.
(To be eontinued)
PHONE   OR   WRITE   FOR
APPOINTMENT
What is happening to tha
United Statea? Learn the
truth by reading:
THB.
American Empire
A stirring, new book
on world politics by
SCOTT NEARING
A|>ix;H i ng— Con vlndnf
Priced bo thii yen cu afford 11
Paper: 60 centi; three tea $1.88;
fin for 18.00. Oleth, $1.00} three
for «2.00;   bra for  14.00;   til
postpaid.
Rand Book Styre
7 E. 15th St., New Tork
Seattle, Wash.—The Seattle Waterfront Employers' Association Is
attempting to put the shop committee plan ln effect in longshore
work here. The Longshoremen's
Union It resisting, declaring that
the men have no say ln the shop
committee systom, lt being run
wholly In the interests of employers.
Always look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases.
OPENS COLLEGE
Strikors Take Advantage
of Workless Days by
Attending
New York.—The flrst labor college ever organized by an American labor union for lta membera
while on strike or lockout haa been
opened here for the benefit of the
locked out memberi of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers.. Ninety
per cent, attendance was the record
for the opening of the flrst class.
Besides the opening of this
unique enterprise, the seventh week
of the Amalgamated'! lockout ls
marked by the opening of Ave
stores and a central warehouse for
giving out relief and selling supplies to Its members so that they
may take advantage of the wholesale price at which lt buys,
- Reviewing the situation of the
last seven weeka union officials declare that the present time "flnda
tht New Tork manufacturers Isolated and discredited, even In their
own National Association of Clothing Manufacturers, (while the
Amalgamated Is rolling up lta
11,000,010 relief fund, establishing
stores and schools, and maintaining most satisfactory relatione with
practically all manufacturer* outside ot tht Ntw Tork market."
McBRIDE SPEAKS
ON SOVIETTHJSSIA
(Continued from page 1)
the newspapera have bttn
concerned there hu been very
little of any kind of good that hae
oome out of Soviet Russia. Every
crime on the calendar has been attributed to these people ln the past
three years—naturalisation of
women, neglect of ohildren; a brutal dictatorship of a sjRali minority; red terrors every slit monthi
to put down all opposition;
elections allowed; freedom of
speech) press and assembly suppressed; peasantry opposed to Soviet rult and refute to give up any
grain'to the Soviet Oovernment;
as a result of the peasant opposition tht people ln the cltlei are
starving from day to day; the only
thing that holds this republic together ts the small minority, whloh
has cornered the whole food supply
of tht country, and li thua able tp
handle the fighting forces. Some
of these statements were made by
no less a person than the President
of the United States, when he returned from Paris with tht League
of Nations document ln his pocket,
considered by some the greateit
document handed .down ilnce the
Sermon on the Mount: The Preildent had alao atated that whilst he
had not been ln Russia, he understood the Russian people were the
most kindly and innocent people
that eoule\ bt found anywhere.
America waa anxious to do something for Russia, but thtrt tl ne
constituted authority to deal with.
"While these statements wert
being madt I wai in the Interior
of Soviet Russia," MoBrlde stated,
"and I waa also ln all the institutions of the country, Including
two weeks spent with the Red
army."
Tho speaker went on to state
that while food was scarce, because of the Allied Blockade, the
dislocation of transport, etc., there
was not a man or woman, unless
he or she was in a hospital suffering from! some Illness, got the
sugar, eggs, honey, the milk, the
butter and the good rya bread,
until the wants of every child tn
the country were satisfied. (Applause.)
Russia has been compelled to
submit to an economic blockade by
the allied governments, but when
the history of this period is written the thing that will atand out
as the most criminal action is thts
blockade by the enlightened countries of the world.
After dealing with the schools
and the great fight of the Soviet
Oovernment to overcome illiteracy,
the speaker contended that they
had done two things that atand out
beyond anything ever done by any
eountry in the history of the
world. They have built up a red
army that ls a real workers' army
that for three years haa stood upon
the border lands of Russia and defied the soldiers of all the world to
penetrate that country and overthrow the workers' republic. Second, they have brought Into existence and are perfecting methodi
for the welfare and oare of the
childhood of lhe country that within ten yeara will be a model for
the rest of the countries of the
world. No * man or woman,
whether he or sht ll sympathetic
or opposed to-Soviet Russia, can
come out and deny tht large measure of success they have obtained
under tht most advarst circumstance! ln taking care of the children.
Special care ls bestowed on ox-
-SUBBBMBB TO-
The One Big Union
Bulletin
" PubMed hy the Winnipeg Central labor Oonneil
Read the Newi ftom the Prairie Hetropelli
Subiorlptlon price $2,00 per year; $1.00 for ilx month!
Address all communication! with respeot to tubs and advts., to
HAIlllY WIIACOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hottl, Adt-
laldt Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor ihould
bt addressed to 3. HOUSTON, sams addreu.
Weatminster Brewery •
Rank and Hie of Lower
Deck Objecting to
.    Red Tape
Socialist Literature Finding Its Way to the
Naval Men
Some time ago, owing te tht
serloui dlicontent ln the Australian navy amongit the rank and
file of tha lower deck—many of
the men openly stating thtlr socialistic and tvtn rtvolutlonary
principle!—It waa dtcldtd to grant
the men's demands for the appoint,
ment of committees to watoh thtlr
Interest!. Them committee! made
many recommendation! to Improve
the lob of the naval men.
Quitt recently tht mtn objected
te- the official red tape prooeas
through which their demand! are
handled after thty have beta submitted by the adviiory committees.
The general prooedure wu te draw
up the claims, submit thun to eome
official, who ln turn submitted thtm
te somebody tin, and ln due count
tht men'i demand! were itaiawed
te the offlolal head! ot the Australian navy. Tht rank and flit de-
il-ed te end all thli red tape hue).
new, and put up a blunt demand
that hi future thty ht allowed to
atate their grievances direot to the
Naval Board, or-the minister for
the Navy, and that the preu be
present at all suth Interview!.
Of course luoh a thing ai tht'
rank and flle dictating ordera to
the admlrala, and that With ntwi-
pape. men preient, waa not to bo
thought of, and was naturally refund, The Naval Board thinking
the advisory committee busineu
was a bit too rtvolutlonary to their
conservative way of thinking, instantly dissolved the oommlttees.
This haa had the effeot of making the men more discontented
than ever, and It seems likely that
serious trouble will happen In tht
near future, unless the Australian
Naval Board unbendi ln ita official
attitude.
lt ia Interesting to note aome of
the demand! made by the men's
"Soviets," but whloh naturally
have not been granted. They ihow
the kind of thought running
through tht minds of tht Australian naval men.   They comprise:
1. That all future officer! be
promoted from the rank and flle.
8. That any person suffering
from venereal disease bt discharged aiho.e for treatment.
I. That active pay be Increased
by S 8 and one-third per cent,
for all ratings, and that deferred
pay be Increased by 100 per cent
It is stated that Socialist and Bolshevik literature Is finding It! way
amongit the men of the Australian
navy, though of course the statement ls officially denied—naturally.
pectant mother!, and another significant fact ls the understanding
of the men who are suffering today that they themselves do not
look to seeing any benefits from
the Soviet rule for themselves, but
are determined to defend the republic for the future ot the children rather than permit a return
of Czarist domination.
Tho great majority of the army
was made up of ths peasantry—
that section that we are told do
not want Soviet rulel There are
peasants opposed to the Soviet
rule, and will be possibly as long
as they live, until the ohlldren
grow up and realize there has been
a change in the order of tht day.
The speaker then Illustrated In a
way that certainly had his audience listening Intently to the details the Irony of the ever-
recurring hopes of the deliverance
of the petty bourgeois shopkeepers
and speculators by the oft-
promised invasions of the deliverers of Russia assisted by the democrats of enlightened civilization.
Those .who depended on their
roubles and turned up their noses
at tho idea of doing useful work
discovered their roubles did not
last forever, and when finally the
evjl day dawned, when they must
apply for work ln order to live,
what could they do? They said
they could do all softs of things,
but finally, atter attempting all
klnda of sabotage, It was found
necessary to put them at the only
thing they could do—scavenging.
The capitalist press hollered loud
and long over this Indignity.
The difficulty of conveying by
words the passionate idealism and
self-sacrifice of the workers of
Russia, who for over twp yoars
have literally learned how to starve
and flght to save the gains of the
revolution, the speaker admitted as
beyond his ability. They were
willing to forego the little everyday
comforts we know. If the workers
Of America had been- surrounded
by an Iron ring ot steol lt Is more
than probable that less than three
months would be enough to get
them asking for their boss. The
conditions prevailing ln the hospitals of Moscow and Petrograd
wert witnessed by the speaker, and
the splendid conduot of the medical men, iinder the most discouraging conditions, and with the laok
of the most elementary necessities
for the suffering patients, waa an
undying honor to the one profession In Russia that had lived up
to its Ideals of service to humanity. Forty per cent, of the physicians "have died In the last three
years. The conditions of the troops
coming ltno the hospitals and the
fight to keep down the spread of
typhus; tht laok of effort on the
part of tho Red Cross to succor the
suffering workers; and the shameful response of the great democracies of France and America (boasting of their revolutionary past) to
the appeal of tho Russians to bo
left alone to detormlne their own
form of government, were matterB
dealt with ln tho course of McBride's address.
The flrst time the workers take
possession of a country them Belvgs
the only way they can get assistance ls through the channels of
oharlty, which ls   something   the
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouvbb. b. c.
PAGEFlVi
FRANCE KICKS
I
Government Fines Him
Instead of Decorating _
Him for His Help
Poor old Leon Jouhauxl Ht
ollmbed to the top rung In the
French Confederation et Labor ai
a revolutionary lyndlcallst, denying all wars as capitalist wars and
recognizing no auoh thing as a war
of dofense; then, at Jaure's grave,
on August 4, 1914, he announced
hla Intention of volunteering aa a
private in the army; a month later,
still ln civilian clothes, he fltd to
Bordeaux on a government train;
all through the war, under special
dispensation for civilian duty, he
made ipeeohei and fought tht
home battle! fer the. successive
governments of France; and ilnce
the armistice he hai battled un-
otatlngly agalnit the Red! ln the
rank! ef laber. And now,* when
he might bt expecting a decoration
and a rosette, hla friend the government turns upon him, Ante
him,, ahd orden hli Confederation
of Labor dissolved—because oflht
railroad itrike laat May, a itrike
whloh Jouhaux did hi! but to
prtvent Gompers, still smarting
from the Supreme Court'! treatment et hli carefully nursed Clayton Aot, must feel In a meed ta
collaborate with-Jouhaux In a
ditty to be dedloated to laber with
a running refrain: Put not your
faith In government!. Meanwhile,
the 100 local union! which make
up the Frtnoh Confederation will
continue functioning; and Zlno-
vlev, who hai bien working from
Moscow to break up Jouhaux's organisation and make way tor a
newer, more radical body, must be
grinning a bolshevik grin. Jouhaux
kept the French unloni from endorsing Moscow laat tummtr; bnt
the French Oovernment seem! determined to flght Moscow's battles
for lt—Tht (New Tork) Nation.
Socialists Must Support
Peasant Movements,
Says Lenin
Found in Onr Mail Bag
******     ******
Growls from Garr L Uu
Dear Mr. Editor: "What la your
opinion?" Of oourto, you are well
aware that "only after a liberal exchange of Ideal art policies of progress decided upon," and that "a-
free press can only exist where tht
readen are given full partnerahip
ln tht control of editorial columns."
.Such maxims, coming aa they do
from your morning contemporary,
would appear to be almost revolutionary. Now, lt yon had laid them
down, ont oan Imagine a deeper
red hue being givtn te your namt
ln the oard Index at headquarters.
But, ai ever In oonneotlon with our
masters' mouthpleoes, the words
are nothing more than so mueh
apace fllling. It dou not take muoh
of a test to discover thla A friend
of mint innocently bit at the halt
offered, and forwarded a letter,
asking if there ls suoh a thing ai a
liberal opinion existent ln the west,
and lf tht much vilified "reds" were
alone to be the defenders ot Justice,
humanity, liberty and liberalism?
And, .ai an instance of the strange
silence of Liberalism, he quottd
the cast of the British' policy ln
Ireland being aoctpttd by local
Liberals without protest. He doei
not know which waa the priok that
bunt the oditor't radical bubble;
whether lt wai the classifying of
"reds" as solitary defenders of Juitlce, etc., or whether It waa thi
mention of the Irish question that
did lt, but anyway the letter ln
question must havo found, an uncalled-for end ln the editorial w. p.
b. Alas! in such way are the
ideals of youth bruised, and young
.cynics created.
By the way, Mr. Editor, did you
soe the criticism of Proportional
Repr, i-entatlon recently published
In the correspondence column of
the Province. .There are some 22-
carat super-polished gems In it,
which Bhould not be allowed to
pass into oblivion without some
notice. For instance: "It (P. R.)
is Socialism—red Ruuian Socialism, conceived ln Iniquity, designed
to keep the electors from the p^lls
so that In another year revolutionaries would be elected on our
school board and ln our city counoll, who would uproot our Christian civilization, disfranchise our
women, destroy responsible government and establish a Soviot system
suoh na was attempted ln Winnipeg only two years ago. If It were
not for the admirable tactlcf of
Mayor Gray and the support given
to him of a strong, patriotic Citizens' League, tbe city of Wlnnipog
would havo bcen a blot on the map
of our fair Dominion, lf there are
dofecta in our systom, let ub correct them, but let us never introduce P. It., which brought bloodshed and riot Into Belgium from
1893 to 18W, and which was denounced- by British state amen as a
system of intrigue, violence and
faction. Our women, the home-
makers of the nation. . . will be
the flrst to suffer. We feel sure
thoy will send the P. R. syatem to
Russia, where it properly belongs."
Needleu to state, the latter Is dated
Shaughnessy Heights. The writer
thereof does not explicitly state
that Bolshevik gold put P. R., into
effect here, but I gueu that Is to
be Inferred. .
I presume you don't know of a
disused salmon cannery and outfit that is going cheap? It lookt at
If the proposed barter scheme ls
going to be worth whllt.
Tour old pal,
OARR L. USS.
Htlp the Fed. by helping our
advertisers.
workers hate, but It la the only way
until the blockade ls lifted. An appeal was then made to the audience to subscribe as liberally as
possible to the fund for sending
medical supplies to Soviet RuBsia,
whloh resulted ln the sum of
(893.6S being collected at thli
meeting.
Various questions were answered
by the lecturer whilst the collection
was being taken.
A further meeting was held .In
the evening at tho Colonial
Theatre, and the total proceeds of
the meetings realised about 114,-
000.
PEASANTS IN THE
I
Communism Without Going Through Period
of Capitalism
(By Paul Hanna, Federated Preu
•tall correspondent)
Washlngtom—Continuing Itl exclusive report on the July conference ot the Third International at
Moscow, the itate department glvea
the following text et a very Interesting iptteh by Lenin ooncernlng
the outlook tor Communism In
"backward" or pre-capitalist coun.
trie*
Delegates Roy, ef India, and
Pak, of Korea, eentended that
Communism In Europe would suroly fail unleu the enslaved Orient
were flnt liberated. Speaking tor
Turkty, however, Dtlegatt Sultan-
Zadt Insisted that Communism,
established first In the west, muit,
through tht Third Inttrnttlonal,
aid lh liberating the Orient
- It waa then that Lenin took the
floor and spoke ae follows:
"The fundamental characteristic
ot Imperialism lithe dividing up
of the' world Into a imall handful
of oppreuori and an overwhelming majority of oppressed. At the
preient moment ?0 ptr otnt of the
entire population of the globe are
undtr the yoke of imperialist pow-
en.
*■'. . . Ai a reault the quution hae oome up whether the
Communist International should
support the bourgeols-democratlo
movements' ln backward countrlu,
. . . . Tht bourgeois - democrat.) parties of oppressed nationalities are of varioui kind*, Soml
of them - have adopted reformist
taettcs. and art adapting themselves
to tht political regime existing in
a given eountry. Of course we
shall not give any eupport to such
bodlei.       Reformists
In tut alwayi oome out againat
revolutionary movement! In colonial and seml-eolonlal state*
'... . On the other hand.
Communists should support the
national-revolutionary movement*
but only when thue movement!
are In fact revolutionary.
"The peasantry la usually tht
support of suoh national-revolutionary movement* In iuch countries the Communist party la not
able to attain suecest unless lt
support! the peasants. Here we
come to the quution ot what should
.be the work of the Communist
party ln prs-oapltallat countrlu
(for. example, our Turkestan),
where one must note a practically
complete absence of Industrial
proletariat However, a Communist! party even ln tha pre-capitalist
country has a wtdt fltld for activity, Inasmuch as you havt in thut
backward countries, exploitation of
the population by trading capital,
and a semi-feudal relationship ln
agriculture.
"The atrugglt of agricultural
workers against landlord exploitation of toilers even in backward
countrlu. In suoh countries lt ll
quite possible to establish a soviet
authority. The experiences of Rusaia and of various Muuelman republics—for example, Turkestan—
showi that the soviet movement
can be succeuful not only ln proletarian countries', but even ln those
oountrles where pre-capltallst relations exist.
"In theae countries you experience great difficulty ln organizing
Soviets, but- without question it ls
possible to arouse an Independent
revolutionary consciousness and
movoment even ln these countries.
The soviet idea Is very simple and
can be understood not only by tho
proletariat, but also by the broader hnn-prolctarlan masses.
. "Hero we come to another Important point, which has aroused
rather lively debates ln the committee. Can countrlu with precapitalist relation! ln production
pass to Communism without going
through the period t.t capitalism?"
On this, pol.it, sayi Pt-avda, Lenin note! that if the victorious proletariat, having stato authority in
Its hands ln ihe mott developed industrial countries, will come to the
assistance of the Orient with all
Its organization and state means,
thet. the backward countries will
be able to attain Communism without passing through the enpltnllst
stage of devclop/nent.
"One must abandon scientific
prejudices that each country must
abboluloly peas through capitalist
exploitation," concludes Lenin.
"The power of Soviets, when there
Is a powerful Industrinl uprising
on a world seal'1, cun be established ln those countries In which the
capitalist development has not at-
jtalned any serious proportions."
THE STUFF IT
Masses Kept in Misery by
Reactionary  Eco-
I nomic Ideas
Caret Garrett, a well-known
American economist, has some fun
with reactionary eoonomlo Ideas
now afloat in the country ln the
current Issue of the New Republic.
"Why ls everybody Ruined V*
asks Garrett. And the answer Is,
"Because the country ls rich."
"How sfiall the country Impoverish itself ln order that the people
may prosper ayain?" Is tho second
question. And the answer is, "Wo
must sell our surplus abroad to
people who can not pay."
"That Is lending. When tho foreign countrioH pay us back we shall
bo truly rich?" Tho answer ls,
"No, indeed. We can not afford to
let thom pay us back for we would
then be worso off ^han over. We
already have too much of our own,
That is why wo are ruined."
"And this," remarks Garrett, "Is
WHITE GUARDS
Horthy Is StiU Looking
for Blood and
Terror
(By Frederick Kuh, Federated
Preu Staff Correspondent)
Vienna—Tht Hungarian government hai again announced a ntw
campaign to tnd the White Terror
and to reetore a modicum of political freedom. Similar promises,
emanating from Budapest at regular Interval* have become familiar. But scarcely art theso pledges
madt when tht Terror reauerta itself In soma frith, ugly form.
Two tventt are pointed out by
Magyar reaotlonurlai aa Indicating
the sincerity of Horthy*! Intention
te usher ln the reign of the law
and order: The legal hanging of a
whrltt ttrrorlit and the proclamation of an amnesty.
Mueh ae ent would with te ai-
luine that Hungary ll reverting to
unity and that the While Tenor
ll te be abolished, feoti which continue te be withheld trom the publlo force one te regard thli lateat
campaign ai another colossal hoax.
In short, the amnesty ll to ab-
lolvt tTom guilt all White Terror-
lit! for all their savage orime*
Hereafter, ne Hungarian government will legally bt entitled te In-
veitlgate or punish the perpetrator! of the Keoskemet and Siofok
maisacrei or other notorloui bxu-
tall'tlu.
A few Soolallsts who hava lerved
out their sentences will bt freed.
In order that the crimet of Horthy'i
Terrorists ihall be permanently
whitewashed.
Wonder If Bowwr'i mud-illnglng
ll to be labelled aa a "Madt ln B.
C." product?
the ituff that ruiei the world!"
"From text-book! ont haa learned that- when man ioIvii the original eoonomlo problem of fllling
hli belly with leu than hi! whole
labor, ht may begin to aet upon
hli environment In an Imaginative
manntr to transform It"
Qarntt thtn haa aome fun with
theu text-book writer! becauat
now that wt have a little more than
ll necessary to All tht belly, moit
of ui are ln danger of not getting
enough to All It properly. But thi
text-book writer* ai he call! them,
an correct
All that mankind hai te do ll to
eliminate the exploitation system aa
to give the worker on tht farm
and the worker ln the city the full
product of their toll. Bach will
then be able to buy ln full what
the other produce* And tht more
we hav* the better oft we Will be.
Stock-Talcing
Sale
.ladies' Sweater Coat* _ —
Men's Sweater Coats, up to $7.50 —
Hen's Mackinaw Coats, up to $22.60
Stanfield's Bed Label Underwear —
Union Made Overalls  —
Work Gloves—all kinds —
JHilf MM
 Mto
~tu.ro
....____._-.  $ioo
  One-turf Otf
Boys' Department very complete. ,"
Clubb & Stewart Lti
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.       623 GRANVILLE ST.
JABMEBS PUT SCABS
INTO   BANKfcBS
Threaten to Resort lo Bankruptcy
Because of High Interest »
Charges
Helen* Mont—The farmer! ot
Eastern Montana are threatening
to rtiMt to bankruptcy, tfht present prlct of wheat In the itate will
not give the farmera enough to pay
intereit on the very largt mort-
gagti whloh are held by the bank*
Tht banker! art panio-itrlcken.
Much ef thi land wai sold at
fabulous prioes and thl three yean
of drought hai produced., an accumulation of Interest which will
makl lt impossible for thi farmer!
to ever pay out. Ai a consequence
lt they report te bankruptcy the
bank* will bt out of luok.
FOBTY-FOUB HOUB
week is a. a w.
Labor   Govemmnet   Decides   to
legalise 44-hour Week In
the Commonwealth
Sydney, N. 8. W.—The commonwealth arbitration court haa dtcldtd that 44 hours li a fair wiek'i
work for manual labor In Auttri.lt*
Thi New South Wales government haa introduced a bill to legalise the 44-hour week In the building and iron trade* Thli follow!
a report made by tht board of
trade in that country that shorttr
houra should be granted the work-
in In theee' Industrie*
Stone nueeni are te get 41 bona
per week oa aeeonnt ef the rl_k
ot dleeaie tram duit
Pan the Fedirationw along tat.
help get new subscribe!*
COAL
SAVE MONET by whig
Smaller Onto of
Ooal
Stove $12.50 Ton
The dimard for thla ooal le
proof of tke quality.
Thli If the but HOUSEHOLD
OOAIi In Vancouver, bar
JiOKB.,
McNeill, Welch ft
Wilson
420 0AMBIEST.    '
Phona Sey. «M44
FIRE SALE-i
of
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Colors
aiid Brushes
Comprising the $30,000 Salvaged Stook of the
IMPERIAL VARNISH & COLOR CO., LIMITED
Keniuved from the Bascanent of tbo scene of the tire at the Parka
Pender Went, to a Peuder Weet, one Block East. Bear O
TU1C CA I V can last only a VEBY SHOBT TIKE. The stock is large bnt
iniiJ -1t\a-a- the demaiui __ great and persistent dealers and eountry storekeepers are buying wholesale. We guarantee that none of these goods have been affected by flre or smoke. They are all in h ''h class merchantable condition and onr
prices will be foiinc LESS THAN HALF REGULAR
■BRUSHES-
AU finest make. Tht stbek li enormous—18 000 of
first quality—for oTsry painting purpose. Artists,
lifti and show card writers, paintors ud decorators can supply their coming season's wants here
aiid now. These ue a few examples of tho prices
at which wo are selling:
Brant, WaU, S»/i-in.
Regular   $4,00   	
Brant, WaU,  Mn.
Regular   16.10    „
Mikado. Wan, 2VWn.
Regular tl.ifi 	
Mikado, Wall   3-ln.
Regular $2.76	
Mikado, WaU, 3</a-ln.
Regular  Sl.00   	
Black Hawk, Wall, 3'/»-ln.
Regular $8.00 	
Black Hawk, Wall,  4-ln.
Begular $0.00  _	
Orow, Kalsomine.
Regular $1.35	
Finish Kalsomine.
Regular $1.40 	
On quantities of half a dosen and orer • further
extra  discount of   10  per cent, wUl he aUowod.
$1.95
$2.15
...65c
$1.15
.$1.95
.$3.45
$4.10
65c
70c
BARN PAINT
Ie Standard Colon
Rogular $3.60 per
gallon, for 	
"S. P. LEADEB" paint
Gelloni, regular 15.00
for 	
'/.-galloni, regular 18.00,
for 	
"FLOQLAZE" ENAMELS
In Olou White, Iron, Skr sad Light Bias,
Oreea sad othor colon.
Hslf Oaii.ni, rogular IS.Tf,
for
Quarto, regular 12.00,
for 	
Flats, rogulu ll.ee,
for  	
$2.65
$3.46
$1.85
Carmine,
.$2.85
$1.45
. 75c
[ Special arraagome, n aud vMk Dooora-.ro.
•n ul tustitj bujora.
DBT OOLOES, ETO.
SHINGLE STAIN
Eastern Hike, la AU Colors
Eogular 12.96 per SI IS
gallon, for  SJl.lO
"MAPLE LEAF" PAINT
Io All Colon, laolodlDg White
Oilloni, regular (7.00 ei SE
fot  •pi.ow
quarts, rogular 11.00. tl OK
for   fl.—t
Flats, regular 11.10, ggg
 35c
for
Half Pints, regular BOo
for  _	
Burnt or Raw Umber—Begular
16o per lb., for —	
Bunt Sienna—Begular       4
16o por lb., fer  I	
VandTke Brown—BeguM
86c lb., for —....a
POWDBBBD PUMIOB   'BegoUf
ISo per lb., fer  — *
Brunswick Green—Rfular
26o per lb., for  —	
Orange Mineral—Regular
40c por lb., for  »*»•—»*
Yellow Ochre—RognUi
12o per lb., fer  —•
OLUB (White Sheet)—Regular
boo per lb., tot  .—	
No dry colon, glne er pumtoe aeli li lui Uu
...6c
...6c
15c
. 6c
10c
15c
. Sc
29c
io lie.
KIGHT AGAINST C. P. U. CROSSING AND  FACING — R. TEAM TRACKS
O. A. SHARE, Adjuster for the     -
Imperial Varnish & Color Co. Ltd.
jM0k " B"   N0W SELLING THE SALVAGED STOCK AT I OW £3U?""
43 PENDER WEST PAGE SIX
Incentives to Progress Under Capitalism
thirteenth year. No, 4    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER, B. C.
(Continued from last week)'
(By T. F. M.)
MAN, builder of artificial environment, haa become the
alave of hia own handiwork.
The victory of brute force, scientific
brute force, over man, la apparent,
for has not science discovered and
given to the world, marvellous
forces that could have been utilised for man's betterment, instead
of which they were turned to foul
usgae; for has not war developed
today to the point of being a scientific process of annihilation? If
a question were asked: Has thc human race progressed? what would
the average man say? Would he
not immediately assert that It had,
pointing for proof of his assertion
to the innumerable inventions of
thia capitalistic age? Truly we
have the uae of wonderful, inventions, that greatly enhance man's
ability to live as a human being,
and yet because of this very fact,
man Is existing under a more des-
lcable and degrading yoke than
ever before.
Therefore, can man conscientiously point with pride to these
achievements? Vast progress has
been made ln science and Invention, we must admit; but, has the
human race progressed? The toiler
of today, how does he compare
With the serf, the chattel slave?
The crtido tools of production, used
by the serf, were not social tools,
neither were they under the control of the feudal baron, to the
' same extent as the tools of production are today under the control
of capitalism. The proverbial
bunch of carVots held before the
ass's nose fs the propelling Incentive that encourages the toller to
struggle along the road, that means
to his master greater power, but
to him greater degradation.
Let us turn out thoughts to that
Olass of society who control the
wealth of the world, the rich. There
are two sections In thiB class, those
who touch not their hand to any
manner of business, and those who
overy day are strenuously engaged
In that pernicious profession that
Is looked upon as the most cultured
profession of all—finance. Thia
huge capitalistic machine—what
relation do theae two species of
parasites bear to this machine?
These Individuals of might;
these apostles of "culture,"
who gain their wealth, their
religion, from the prostituted
energy of their kind, what of they?
They also ate enslaved, but In a
different light to the toiler. This
yellow metal, gold, with its subtle
gleam, has made of the rich a
■lave, so attracting him with its
hypnotic glint, as to even forbid
him to think of naught else. He
cultured and educated as he claims
to be, is dominated, not like the
weaker animal by the stronger;
but by this dead, slothful metal,
whioh because of hla avarice, because of his lust for power; dominates him mentally, morally and
physically—aye, and spiritually
also, for this place termed heaven,
In the mind of this gold worshipper, Is built of gold and precious
■tones. Such is their concept of
hoaven, a creation of their bestial
mentality. The God worshipped
by capital Is a treacherous being;
It is a god of their own making—a
graven image, before which they
bow down, not in reverence, but in
ovil desire, avaraciousness, not in
love, but passion.
Capitalistic Culture
gee that magnificent edifice, that
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
COUNCIL—President, J. II. Clarke;
floe pretident, R. W. Hatley; seoretary
J 0. Smith; treasurer, A. S. Wells;
•ergeant-at-Armi, E. Home; truatees,
Carr, Vanrubien, Sievenrright and Midgley. Meets Srd Wednesday each month
In the Pender Hall, corner of Pender and
Howe streets.   Phone Hey. 2B1;
ALLIED   PRINTINO    f HADES   COUN-
ell—Meets    aecond    Monday    In    tbe
sentk.     President.  J.  F.  McConnell: secretary, R. H. Neelands. I*. 0. Box 60.
GENERAL WORKERS* UNIT OP THE
0. B. U.—President, R. W. Hatley;
iecretary, J. 6. Smith. Meete 1st Wednesday in each month in Pender Hall,
Car. of Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Sey.   291. _^^___
BOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
ployees, Local 28—Meets every second
Wedneiday ln the month at 2:80 p.m.
and erery fourth Wednesday In the month
at 8:30 p.m. Prosldent, John Cummlngs,
leeretfry and business agent, A. Oraham.
«_Bce and meeting hsll, 441 Seymour St.
,    Phone   Bey.   1881.    Offlce hours,  8
an. to (I p.u.
INTERNATIONAL    LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association,    Loeal    88-52—Office and
hall,   162   Cordova   St.   W.     Meets  first
ud third   Fridays,   8   p.m.    Secretary
r.surer, F. Chapman;    butlnePB   agent,
Richards.	
INTERNATIONAL    JEWELRY    WORK-
ers'  Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Mon-
Jiyi. President, J. E. Dawson, 1042 Yew
t„ Kitsllano; secretary, E. T. Kelly,
i860 Hastings St. E.; recording secretary,
i, Holdsworth, C30—14th St. W., North
Vancouver.	
LUMBER,   CAMP   ft   AGRICULTURAL
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.—
An industrial union of all workers In' logging and construction camps. Coast District and General Hnadquartors, 81 Cor-
Im St. W., Vancouver, 13. C. Phone Sey,
fli*. E. Winch, general secretary-
tftaiurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. C; audi-
len,  Messrs. Buttar ft  Chiene,  Vancon-
W.B. C. 	
FATTERN     MAKERS'    LEAGUE     OF
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)— Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, 818 Pender St- W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave., North Vaneourer; flnanclal secretnry, E. Goddr.nl,
866 Richards Street; recording secretary,
J. D. Russell, Booth Rd., McKay P, 0.,
jhirnaby, B. C. 	
0TB. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS, WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Derrick men and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meeti every
Monday, 8 p.m., In 0. B. U. Hall, 804
Pender St. W. President, A. Brooks;
financial secretary and business sgent, W.
Tucker. Phone, Seymour 2P1,
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNlOfl   No.   224—
Meeti last Bunday of each montk at
> p.m.    President,   A.   E.   Robb;   vice-
president, C. H. Collier: eecretary-treai-
■rer, R, H. Neelands, Boi 66.
STREET   AND   ELECTWIO   RA1LWAT
Employees, Pioneer Division, No- 101
—Meets A. 0. P. Ball. Mount Pleasant.
let and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and /
p.m. President, H. Bigby; recording
secrotary, P. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenue
■sat; t»Murer, I. aidaway; finanoial
secretary and business agent, W. H. Cot*
bell, 4808 Dumfries Street; ofllce corner
Frlor and Main Ste. Phona Fair. 8804 R.
WH.   NEW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
of tho 0. B. U. meets on the fi.-r.t and
El Wednesday of every month. All
bers In this district are invited to
id.
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
ud Labor Council—Meeti fint and
tklrd Wedneadaya, KnlghtJ of Prthlae
Hall, North Park Street, «t 8 p.m. Preal-
lent, A. C. Pike; vice-r realdent, 0, E,
Oepaland; aeoretary-trrssurer, E. B,
Woodward, P. 0. Boi 302. Victoria. B.C.
stately pile a replica of Gothic,
Norman or Grecian architecture?
The very soul ot man Is revealed
ln Its design; perfect craftsmanship reflects itself ln every angle,
every curve. The bejewelled and
richly gowned pass through Its
stately portals upon their faces
clearly sculptured devout worship
and adoration; for are they not
about to enter Into the presence of
their God? The poor, the outcast
pass by for they are ungodly. They
must not pollute this sanctuary—
this bank, with their presence.
In most cases a bank Is a flne
piece of architecture, as also are
cathedrals, court .houses and the
residences of the rich. This is
progress assuredly, in building up
not alone buildings, but foul incentives to progress, and the multitude who dwell in hovels ct'eate
both.
What does capitalism designate
as culture ? Culture Is a word
used only in conjunction with the
wealthy. One cannot be cultured
without possessing that necessary
attribute, wealth. Capitalistic culture, however, compares miserably
even with primitive culture. The
primitive culture of the savage,
low and base as it may appeal; at
least was not founded upon slav-
'ery. It was unmoral perhaps, but
it was not immoral. The savage
had not evolved to that stage which
would enable him to understand
the laws of social relationship as
we understand them. He was ig-
ndfant, not because of a desire to
be so, but because he was a savage, owing to the fact that he could
not Invest and use tools. Capitalistic culture, also is based upon
Ignorance, not the ignorance of
the savage, but the evil desire,
through the very knowledge it possesses to propagate certain fundamental knowledge and enlightenment that will create in man just
sufflclent power nnd understanding
that will enable him to become a
"competent" therefore "profitable"
toller. Such a culture condemns
Itself. The culture of a society
can be no higher, no purer1 in Its
morals than the lowest strata of
that social fabric. Prostitution Is
the corner stone of capitalism.
Modern convention dictates the
mannerisms and ethical standard
of the cultured, and culture can
be bought at "bo much."
The othei* element of this "cultured" aristocracy, the titled, are
parasites by Inheritance; truly a
noble heritage. This pedigreed
professional parasites, what of
them ? Coronetted coxcombs—the
female of this "species," what
function do they perform? They
are, or become the professional
wife of a professional parasite.
Their sire Is ambitious after fame,
usually in some "honorable" profession, such as polttlcs or war.
These professional wives are the
handmaidens, not so much to the
man, as to his rank, his position.
Their chief duty is to carry out
with dignity befitting his social position, their part of the programme
such as thc wearing of lavish costumes and dazzling gems at thc
various social functions at which
they preside. These social Deli-
lahs seduce and betray what concept of morality the male of their"
caste has left-to him, by the very
act of catering to his thrioe lustful
vanity that is mistaken for ambition. These cultured ladies usually
view the toiler, the common man,
In much the same light as the inmates ot a harem look upon the
eunuch. Are they nlso the inmates of a harem?
The stimulus to progress, time
and time again hns been stated to
be repression brought to bear upon
the so-called delinquents, who were
attempting to propagate certain
theories from which knowledge
could be born in the minds of
others. The very fact of these repressive measures being resorted
to, but radiates the penetrating ruy
of knowledge upon the social structure, laying bare in the clear light
of truth a corrupt incentive. Repression, always the weapon of a
dying cult, aimed at the vanguard
of an approaching new order, will
ever, with renewed energy and
potency revert upon the heads of
the oppressors, and with astounding effectiveness, promotes what
one might term the esprit de corps
of the new army of revolution.
The competitive systom of today harasses and retards social
progress, but it does not prevent.
Burtis, Galileo and Copernicus,
three names chosen ut random,
were subjected to vile abuse,
treacherous decrees and savage
mutilation, for daring to prove the
truthfulness of their researches.
Milton was cast into goal and persecuted because of his opinions being not coincident with the opinion
of his government/ Today is the machine age, the machine age of torture, less humane, but more highly developed, more cultured in its
atrociousncBS than even the duys
of Nero of Home.
The very evolution of capitalistic law, through.the moral impetus given the socinl structure by
economic causes, creates and develops these laws along channels
that capitalism decrees to be Just
and moral, and which by force of'
might, creates a sense of fear In
tho multitude, that resolves Itself
into a Btate of coma or passivity,
upon which is bullded a social system, composed, in the main, of a
servile crying herd of what today
are termed human beings, peaces
able and contei t—nay, silenced
and subdued rather, for It Is a
peace born, not of contentment,
but subjection.
Change In Justice
The Magna Charta contains a
passage that reads: "To no man
will we sell, deny or delay, right
of Justice." The concept of what
was termed right or Justice has
undergone a change. What ls
right and just today will lose all
sense of justness or Tightness In a
future society. Right and Justice
today Is determined by the government, just as will all concepts of
what ls right or Just be determined by the powor lhat rules, or the
power that administers the law In
future systems. The right to utilize a government, which is.vitally
essential to social progress has,
time and again been denied man.
It Is from opinions, the seeds of
progress that human society reap
enlightenment; and yet, all through
history, opinions, new theories,
new discoveries, have been curbed
by the menacing sword of this
blind, arrogant Justice. Where is
tho dividing line between sedition
and that which is not sedition?
The government, tho oowar that
Ib, will decide for the multitude.
The constitution of a country, if it
be seriously menaced by so-called
seditious speech, seditious literature; if it be in jeopardy from such
causes, conclusively proves its invalidity. Constitution, Ifiws, are
made to be destroyed, when they
no longer function to the Interests of society as a whole. Capitalistic law evolves in but one direction, whtch but proves the futility of all such legislation, which
is but a futile process, a senile attempt to regulate the ever-recurring, the ever-growing contradiction of the present economic Bystem.
What is the definition of success?
again, In spite of one's self, those
two little words, "How Much," inject their pernicious poison Into
the thoughts of man. The degree
of success is determined by the
amount of wealth controlled by the
successful one. Andrew Carnegie
has been held up before the gaze
of millions as being the crowning
glory of success.   Yes, Andrew was
rich man, colossaly rich, therefore colossaly successful. A successful lawyer, a sucessful politi-
lan; one might as well say, successful knavery, successful malfeasance.
To be sucessful, according to
present day concepts, means to attain one's objective. The press, the
politicians and other demagogue*
we must admit, are successful, for
their function Is to cast upon the
human brain a false concept of
the many and manifold issues of
the system. The simplicity of
these ink spatttrers—the press,
with their journalistic abortions,
their inane tongue waggire—the
politicians—with their shallow hy
pocrlcles they term philosophy
and learning, what Impulse'
ther* behind their effervescent
explosions of virulent cant? Fame.
the Incentive—gold, the objective.
From which source emanates fpul
germs, that with subtle cunning,
attach themselves to the brain of
the many, from which springs forth
ideas that are the fruit of these
evil germs. Thoughts thus created are but the thoughts of they
who control the sources of learning. The toiler is then led to believe that he himself formulates
these opinions and analysis of life,
whereas in most cases his brain is
replete with the product, the mental excretla of another.
Let us now drive the wedge of
pitiless analysis under the apparent
conceptldn of such activities and
peer beneath these said apparent
concepts. What do we see? We
see all the evil and vile imprints
of a slimy, cunning system,. We
soe that right does not imply all
thut is beneficial towards the welfare of society; we see that patriotism as It Is understood today is all
that is evil, we see that charity
means avarice ,and we see that all
concepts of what Is moral, Is Instead Immoral. All aro laid bare
In their shameless nakedness, exposing the sterile breasts of love
and truth and the voluptuous
breasts of shame and corruption.
Tho human race should tear its
FRIDAY. February 4, 1921
enslaved brain from Its environment of wages, stocks, bonds and
dividend!; from its avaracious profit crazed Idiocies and gaze upon
mankind from a humane standpoint Would It not see the evil,
senile and extremely ridiculous situation that capitalism has brought
about? Verdant pastures upon
which flocks of sheep are grazing,
prolific fields of corn swaying to
the breeze, fathomless forests of
timbe" and warehouses bulging
with u.\ that means life—all the
product of labor and yet amid all
this, mankind is hungry, homeless
and In rags.
The world today is one vast lunatic asylum, and the maddest of
its inmates are they who go hungry. . Today the human race Is aimlessly drifting, drifting upon a «ea
of apathetic aloofness fi'om all
things but money making. The
syren sends forth its warning notes
to a drifting ship, upon some dangerous reef. Where is the guiding
voice, the syren that will send forth
its warning voice across the treacherous reef of avaricious desires,
upon which ull humanity Is drifting, heedless of the coming crisis
that may turn to universal chaos.
Dividends, greater dividends, ls
the cry from one side of the social
chasm, and re-echoed from the
other side comes the ever-growing
cry, wageB, higher wages. The
germs of the ono social organism
conflicts with the .germs of the
other. Thoy- cannot both exist
much longer without an outbreak;
for economic forces compel It. Will
this prosent system In Its downfall
carry with It into the uttermost
depths of demoralization all hum- |
anity, or will the human race,
through an understanding of social
forces, maintain Us mentis equilibrium and pilot itself into a saner
state of existence? It is_ a question that only the toiler can answer, for he is the power, did he
know It. Let the human race set
down upon a clean page the opening chapter of a new story, the
theme of which, baled upon the
mental, moral and material welfare of all humanity, shall arouse
in admiration, they who upon this
enrth will one day dwell and who
will say among themselves: Truly
they builded wisely and well.
ANTI-LABOR GOVT.
USED BLACKLIST
Ex NcW South Wain. Government
Took Active Part lit Crushing
Striko of 1917
Sydney, N. S. W,—An inquiry
Into the general strike of 1917 by
the Now South Wales Labor gov-
erhment reveals that    the    bosses
Federated Labor Party
HEADQUARTERS) 148 OORDOVA ST. W.
SUNDAY.AT 8 P.M.   t
MRS. ROSE HENDERSON will speak
Collection In Aid ot Party Fundi) to Liquidate Debt on Hull
Masquerade Dance and Whist Drive
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 11
Oents 60c Ladies 25c
To ItuUc Funds to Ltquidntc Debt on Hall
Fancy Breen Optional _.. Hon up In Hundreds
Labor government of New South
Wales In all probability will order
the reinstatement of all men deprived of their Jobs In the railway
.... ,.   ,     and street car services of the coun-
who were able, by the aidI of the t     by ,„. f anti-Labor gbv-
nhil    TnK.-h*.    e*n,,n ,•„,-,■,..., I     ...     lU.il    .).... ^
anti-Labor government of that day,
to crush the striko, had a blnck
list In operation against the men
who went on strike. Evidence
tendered at the Inquiry shows that
a full list of the men who struck
work was compiled and remarks
were written alongside the names
of certnin of tho men. When the
men made application for re-employment they were refused work
because of "complaints against
them."
As a result of the  Inquiry,   the
ernment which crushed the strike.
TWO HUNDRED NEW
BAILROAD UNIONS
Union In  Opposition to  Brotherhoods Has Many IxmjJs ln
V. 8, and CnnatnT
Minneapolis.—"More    than    200
locals of the United Association of
Railway " Employees    have    been
formed ln the United   States   and
Canada in the face of vigorous on-
position by the four big brother
hoods and the railroad companies,'
John Grunau, general chairman ol
the organization, said at a meetinj
In Moose Hall.
Grunau led the so-called "outlaw
strike" of switchmen and yardmer
last summer. The union of whicli
he is the hend was formed a yeai
ago, for the purpose, Grunau saya
of associating all railroad worken
in one union,
The National Union of British
Fishermen have declared in favoi
of a strike to obtain more wages
The union has secured the support
of dockers and firemen.
A Bargain in Ocean Products!
taam  ■MmawwHiiiM  aaaaaatam      a*mma**M*amm**mm*>________w    ^■■■■■■■^■i^ m
. • v\
While they last, any grocer in the City can
supply you with
Quality Guarantee
If for any reason you are not absolutely satisfied with these products,
take the unused portion back to your
grocer and he will refund your money.
uctory
e
This picture shows it as you'll find it on your grocer's
counter, containing one each of the following:
1-lb. oval tin Kippered Herrings
1-lb. oval tin Herrings in Tomato Sauce
y2-lb. flat tin Kippered Salmon
1-lb. tall tin Pilchards
1-lb. tall tin Pink Salmon
1-lb. tall tin Fresh Herrings
In the City
Not more than one to a customer
Only a limited number of these packages will be distributed—they are simply to introduce Gosse-Millerd products
into the homes of this City.
Consider their food values!
Table shows protein values—the element which builds
tissues, repairs body waste, and maintains the general health
of the whole body.
Gosse-Millerd's Kippered Salmon
Gosse-Millerd's Kippered Herrings
Gosse-Millerd's Pink Salmon
Gosse-Millerd's Herrings in Tomato Sauce
Gosse-Millerd's Fresh Herrings
Gosse-Millerd's Pilchards
Sirloin Steak
Pork Chops '
Eggs
Ham
It shows our method
of opening the cans,
and gives several
suggestions which
others have found
useful in the preparation and serving of
our produots. Insert
this booklet in your
favorite Cook Book.
Every tin in these
Packages is of this
season's pack.
jjp£
Order from your Grocer NOW!
CAUGHT  AND   PACKED   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
OCEAN
Products ..February 4, 1111
THIRTEENTH YEAR   No.
t THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vamocuvto. b. e
• r i
PAGE SEVEN
For Twentj Ye. ri w« bin lund tbU Union SUap fn IM mill •■»
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAMP nSOBBS:
mufti Oouictln Bug. Intel
Poibiai Both Sttikti »nd lockotU
DUpatu S ettlod hy Arbitr. lion
Study Emmojmont ud SUlltd Wort_anilil»
Prompt DollvorlM to Dnlm nd PnbUc
Pom e ud Bneean to Wottm ud Employ.™
Proiporlt; of Shoo Hiklnf Oomnultloi
Ao lonl anion mon ud womon, wo uk
ion to' domud Ibou boulnf   «u   obon
Union Stamp on Sob), Iniolo ot Llninj.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
24* SUMMER STBEET, BOSTON, MASS.
(Mils loroly, Oononl Prull.ct     Obtrloo L. BUM, Onittl Stc.Tr.u.
UNIOt^kfAMP
Frosh Out HoweiB, Funeral Designs, Welding Bouquets, Fot Flanti
Ornamental anl Shad* Treea, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NraSBBYMBH     .
8—STOBES-2
48 Hastinp Strset East 728 OranvUle Street
Seymour 988-671 Seymour 9513
Ballard's Furniture Store
1021 MAIN STREET
Fhoni Bay. 2137
Vts alwaj* curry in stook • good
■election of dining-room, parlor, kit*
clien and bedroom furnlturt, alio
linoleum and medium priced carpet
squares, rugs, eto. Wa oaa ■•?• job
money ai we ara ont of the high rent
district.
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND   -
NANAIMO
Kindling Free
CANADIAN WOOD AND
COAL OOMPANT
1440 C.UANVILLE  Sey. 5290
Riga.—Of the ISO delesatea, rep>
resenting 97 sections, who attended the convention of the Social
Democratic Party of Latvia, only
13 .voted ln favor of the acceptance
of the famous 21 pointi of the Moo-
cow programme laid down aa neoeaaary for admiaalon to the tlhrd
International, The great majority
voted to reject these condltlona and
to approve the deolaion of the central committee to aend delegates to
h*e organizing convention of the
Fourth International to be held ln
Vienna, beginning February 22, and
called by therecent Socialist congress at B.me.       .     -
Chicago.—On the grounds that
there has not been and will not be
a decrease in the colt of living and
materials, the Chicago Building
Tradei Council, with which ts affiliated 32 unions, at a meeting
here recently voted unanimously
to. ward off any contemplated reductions in the present wage, .1.2.
an hour. It was decided to insist
upon the continuance of ths present acale for the next three years.
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hen Tbey An, Indued rot Ton
Mr. Cnlon Man, Out This Out aud Olve It to Tour Wife
Auctioneers
Love & Co 5"0 Seymour Street
imr
RUSSIAN IMPRESSIONS
******        ******        ******        ****** ;' **$«««.        ******
VI.—The Two Reflations
(Continued from lust waek) the Communist* hava made ap Immense and rapid advance, alike in
the schools .for children, the course'
foi* adults; and the more diffused
popular propaganda. But as yet
only the towns enjoy these advantages to the full, and In the.
villages it Is only the younger peasants who have been reached at all,
and that chiefly In Central Russia,
where there was no civil war. On
the whole, ths village tends to in<
dependence. It Is helping Itself
through the revival of its primitive
cottage Industries, and relying less
and less on exchange with the
towns.
In struggling by Inevitably harsh
measures against these tendencies,
which spell collectively the *uln of
urban civilization, the Communists
necossarlly make themselves unpopular. They may not provoke
any formidable revolt; for even the
Cossacks can always be subdued by
artillery., Their most anxious military problem ls the simmering
brigandage ln the Ukraine, and
they have also reason to fear the
assassination of their leaders. But
they do, by thts incessant battle to
reverse the consequences latent in
the agararlan revolution, overstrain
their own powers of leadership,
and diminish by severity the recap
tlvlty both ot peasants and work'
men for their doctrines. There Is,
none the less, a preceptlble wakening of the profit-seeking, gain-seeking mentality of capitalist civilisation,, which was always feeble .lit
Russia, intellectuals do bfejin ib
enjoy the new opportunities for'
disinterested and creative social
service. Communist officials are, on
the average, moved mainly by. this
motive. Even the more advanced
peasants, as the group themselves
for cultivation or for home Iii^SHia-"
tries in co-operative' "ahets/^ire:
moving away from ihe old syitem'
of individualism and personal gain.
Youth is eagerly embracing, .th*
hew ideas, at all events in "the
towns, and there Is in them an
astonishing iKsh to enjoy the new
opportunities of culture, especially
on Its aesthetic side.
Tistltilla Limited-
Bicycles
.618 Hastings Street West
 Hastings Street East
Billiards
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms).. —._
Boots and Shoes
Johnston's Big Shoe House 409 Hastings W.
Pierre Paris  . „_™_™ 64 Hastings Street »Weit
MacLachlan-Taylor Company .*; 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. & Clarke 56 Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing;
Pierre Paris 64 Haatings Street West
New Method Shoe Repairing  337 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
International Book Shop „. Corner Hastings and Columbia Streets
China and Toys
Millar & Coo .. 419 Hastings Street West
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Willard Coates < ....30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd. , -..16th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder 74 Fairfield Building
Dr. H. Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg,  198 Hastings St. W.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting:
Arnold & Quigley „ , „ ._. 646 Granville Street
CluTnans, Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb & Stowart  ™.30B-315 Hastings Street Wert
B. C. Outfitting Co.     342 Hastings Streot West
B. C. Tailoring Co  342 Hastings East
„Wm. Dick Ltd     33-49 Hastings Streot East
Thos. Fo3ier & Co., Ltd —, 514 Granville Stroet
J. W. Foetor & Co., Ltd  345 Hastings Slroot West
J. N. Harvey Ltd   125 Hastings West and Victoria, B. O.
C. D. Bruce 401 Hastinga Street Went
..143 Hastings Stroet West
...Cordova Street
New York Outfitting Co...
W. B. BrumitJ...
D. & Book  117 Hastings Stroet West
Thomas & McBain ....: .; 656  OranvUle  Street
Seven Little Tailors 336 Carralt Street
Kirk ft Co., Ltd*
Coal ,
 .929 Main St., Seymoar 1441. and 465
Dancing Lessons
Pender rfall  :.Corner of Pender and Howe Streets
W. E. Ferris Dancing School ....Cotillion Hall
I** Dentists
Dr. Brett Anderson - ^602 Hastings West
Dr. Gordon Campbell  805 Granville Street
Dr. W. J. Curry...».«--   -  301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer. «.«_««*.
Cascado Boer. „..._.._-«.
Van Bros	
Drinks
 Westminster Brewery Co.
..^—Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
 Ciders nnd wines
Drugs
Vsncouver Drug Co «  Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
"Famous Cloak ft Suit Co — - 623 Hastings Street Vest
Educational
Lasallo Extension University   701 Standard Bank Bldg.
B, C. School of Pharmacy and Science CIS Pender West
Florists    ■
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd. 48 Hastings East and .728 Granvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros 2398 Granville Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 233 Kingsway
Nunn and Thomson 531 Homer Street
Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co.  ~~—....■_—.41 Hastings Street West
Ballard Furniture Store   X.. 1024 Main Street.
Home Furniture Company.... 416 Main Street
Groceries
"Slaters" (three stores) .Hustings, Granville and Main Streets
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Hatters
Calhoun's, Ltd 61 Hastings Street Bast
Jewelers
O. B. Allan      480 Granville Street
Masseurs, Etc.
II. F. Eby, B.A., M.B 999 Broadway West
Overalls and Shirts
•'Big Horn" Brand. (Turnor Beeton ft Co., Vlotoria, B, C.)
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse —.——...«—   —.Libor Templo
caellond-Dibble.-..™-. —».» -..»-^_*. Tower Building
Taxi Service ,
Stanley Steam Taxi Co 334 Abbott atreet
Theatres and Movies
Empresi  Orpheum  Pant* ges
THB Bolsheviks have. In their
Vimtw.il'iti adventure, entirely
discarded democraoy as the
west understands it. X question if
any party could have ridden the
storm of the agrarian revolution
and the civil wai\ with the ruin
caused by the world war aB its
scene, without departing widely
from the principles and practice of democracy. I think it
unlikely that the Constituent Assembly, with, its many - violently
hostile groups, co.uld have been
welded into a workable governing
chamber. A coalition would have
been powerless for energetic action., But( let us ask ourselves
frankly what we mean by democracy In suoh a country as Russia?
One may mean, of course, that
certain groups of intellectuals,
clever, well-educated and gifted
with the power of speech, should
somehow use thb machinery of
elections ln order to guide the state
ln accordance with their own more
or less enlightened ideas. That ls
not democraoy, though It may respect democratic forms. In quiet
and normal times, amid relative
prosperity, lf no violent left or right
wing groups had undermined the
moderates, they might perhaps
have managed to rule on their own
lines with a show of liberalism.
But the convinced democrat
must surely mean more than this.
Allow what you will for the leadership of tha bettei* educated
groups, and the Inspiration of exceptional men, the main lines of
your policy must have some affinity with tho mind of the numerous
mass. In England the three organized parties may think a little
more actively and a little more rigidly than the average elector, but
there is ho wide gap, and no sheer
contradiction between them and
him. His ideas, rather more sharply formulated, are their Ideas. Nothing of this kind ts possible lit
Russia, with Its Illiterate peasant
mass, living in the Ignorance and
the superstttltion of the Middle
Ages.
If democracy means giving the
majority the sort of government
which it really wants, that government would have been neither
Menshcvik nor Bolshevik, neither
Social Revolutionary, not "Cadet,'
nor yet Czarist. A genuine peasant programme would , certainly
have included peace, ai»j_ that at
any price. It would then have demanded not land nationalization,
but the divining of the land and
peasant ownership, without one'
rouble of compensation to the landlords. Its next plank would have
been free trude in food, or In other
words, the unllmtlcd exploitation
of the towns by the peasant profi
teei*. It would have resisted passively every sort of centralization,
and every effort of the enlightened
minority by pressure or. encouragement to raise the standard of
cultivation. I doubt If tt wanted
much to be done for education, and
I am sure lt wanted no hygenic
advance. It would have persecuted the Jews, cold-shouldered the
intellectuals, and cringed to the
ghostly terrorism of the priests,
while objecting strongly to their
exactions. It would have meant
the slow death of the towns and
the extinction of civilization. In
the.end, It woutd have prepared
Russia for colonial exploitation
either by thc Germans or the west.
That, if the peasants -had had the
will or the skill to express their
minds, would have been the "demo
cratic" policy.
th« revolution.    The  Introduction
t even of horse-drawn machinery, lf
' there were enough for it, would
Have.the same social effect.. But
^Russia cannot be a Socialist commonwealth while the mass of her
population lives by Individualistic
] feasant husbandry.   The agrarian
revolution has yet to be transformed Into the Communist revolution.
The abler leaders understand the
problem. clearly, and their schemes
seem well fitted to solve it.
From a Peasant' Rising to a Com*
mun 1st Revolution- "
This chapter ln Russian history
is puzxllng, I think, both for the
friends and the enemies of the
Bolsheviks, because few realize the
truo character of thetr achievement. They are trying by a heroic
exercise of will to turn this spontaneous Russian agrarian devolution
into a western Communist revolution. Without the firm leadership
of somo group steeped In western
ideas, we might havo seen In 1917
a repetition of the traditional Russian peasant risings. PugatchetT
aimed In 1773 at creating a peasant empire, and did In fuct slaughter the landlords and divide the
land in wide regions of the south.
The .Cossacks Remember him to
this day, and something of thc
sheer destructive ness and cruelty
of his movement showed itself at
certain stagea of this revolution.
The "Socialist" or "Anarchist" brigands of the Ukraine, notably
Grigoreiff and Makhano are his
modern successors. The Bolshoviks, who ever dreamed when they
made theh' stroke, that they could
last for more than two monthH,
aimed at first only at a tremendous proletarian demonstration,
and for half a year or moro were
powerless to cope with sabotage In
industry. The intellectuals sulked
or struck, while tho woritmen sold
the metal of the machines, and
then went home to their villages.
Gradually the agitator evolved Into
the constructive statesman; the
negative, wrecking "PugatchefE"
tendency was repressed, and the
more positive creative instinctB of
the civilized urban artisan gained
the upper, hand. They could trl-
umj(h only by a fli^m dictatorship,
and H, is essentially a dictatorship
of 'the urban proletariat over the
backward countryside.
The Independence of the Village
In one sense tho Bolsheviks arc
not in much danger. Soviet rule
runs, I should say, less risk of
overthrow In the early future than
parliamentary democracy in Germany or constitutional monarchy
in Italy. On thc other hand, the
dictatorship Is still a precarious
adventure, because it ls doubtful
how far It can achieve Its own
constructive alms. The broad fact
ls, today, that alone ln Russia tho
peasantry lives in comparative
comfort and Is woll fed. . Industry
is dwindling, and the Induatrlal
proletariat lives on half-rations.
Save for the few Soviet farms and
the still fewer Communal farms,
the land has not ln any real sense
been socialized. Whatever the law
may say, the fact In all essentials
Is peasant ownership, qualified by
a state monopoly of grain, whicli
succeeds ln irritating the peasants
without adequately feoding the
towns.    The educational efforts of
France's Implacable Vendetta
The immediate future depends,
as everyone realizes, mainly on the
restoration of peace trade. ' If
France, in pursuit of her implacable vendetta, Is allowed to go on,
yeaT after year, hiring and equipping fresh enemies to attack Russia, she will inflict incalculable- In-
Jury on Its population and may.
bring Its struggling civfligation'to'
ruin, but I do not believe that she
will attain hor end; ThVsufvlval
for many months of a TOarist or
semi-Tsarist regime, even if a milt-
tfliry victory could restore It, Is for
me unthinkable.. The peasahte will
not pay for the land they enjoy,
while the moral inferiority of the
self-indulgent whites to the puritan
reds would not be altered by a momentary success.' Even a stable
Tsnrism could not repay the French
debt, however much it might i;eo
ognlze it.
With Peace, the Real Work WIU
Begin ;:'
If on the other hand these .-subsidized attacks cease, then for. the
flrst time the Communists will have
a fair chance of restoring industry.
The problem of management is now
solved, and the discipline of most
factories is as good ns lts can be
with half-fed workers. Industry
will be demobilized, and what tt
produced for the army, cun be used
instead to buy food for the workers. With the ample ond punctual
rationing of the industrial workers,
their output will Increase, and the
difficulty of keeping them ln the
factories will diminish. The townsmen will be better fed, the countrymen better clothed, and the general increase of comfort wllf allay
discontent. As. the armies are'disbanded, the return of the youthful
population, which almost alono'tn
Russia has,will and ideas, must revive every department of production and education. Tnia year's
failure of the crops, especially, if
it means a deficiency of Seed, will
certainly create an appalling problem. But since food will be short
even ln the villages of central RpsT
sia, the workman may be lest."ye-
luctant to return to the towns,'and
thc peasants more willing to listen
to good a'lvlce in the matter,of
cultivation and co-operation;
Lenin's Si helm; for V.U> Hi Unit ion
Thc revival of trado will have its
dangers for Communism, as well as
Its advantages. To import tools of
all kinds, from locomotives downwards, will be an unmixed gain.
But if Moscow is tempted to ease
Its own difficulties by importing
manufactured articles which might
bo mado in Russia, lt may itself
succumb to the worst consequences
Of the agrarian revolution. If It
allows industry to decay, and relies on imports, it will Iosb In tho
end the none too humerous prolet-
nrint on which Its rule is based The
admission of tho capitalistic concession-holder will make a grave
breech ln Communist theory, nnd
may also creato now rallying points
for. the opposition, more dangerous
than the armed camps of tho
Whites. The hope'of any really big
reorganization of production in
Ttu .sia depends on schemes which'
oa yet the Communists have lacked the means to develop. They
have plans for transferring Industries to districts nearer to the raw
materials nnd the coal, They have
other schemes for specializing.agricultural production tn accordance
■with climate and soil, which of
course presuppose a perfected
transport system. Above all there
Is Lenin's vision, which he has begun on a amall scnle to realise, of
the complete electrification of Russian agriculture, Industry and railways, with peat as Its basis. Peat
Is a poor fuel, and the distances
are immense, I am not capable of
Judging tho technical promise of
this scheme. Its political attraction
ls clearly, that It would, by a sort
of Instantaneous magic, break
flown the Individualist agriculture
and thc Individualist mentality of
tho Russian peasants. Cultivation
by electrically driven mnchlnos
would moan tho swill end of the
primitive two-field holding, and the
universal adoption of thb big cooperative or communal farm. On
this scheme, or on more modest
variants of it, hangs the futuro of
-How Much Power Will tlie Communists Surrender?
On the political, as on the economic aide, the future of the revolution, depends no less^clearly on
Internal and external peace. It wilt
go to ruin. Intellectually and morally, unless freedom of discussion,
(ud a reasonable license for loyal
poitical activities nre soon Introduced. No sane government would
allow full nope for agitation
against Itself by political adversaries during ciyll war, and so long
as the atmosphere of civil war prevails, the dictatorship will continue.
There are crave faults on both
sides. The Social Revolutionaries
assisted Kolchak, and even the lesson of that experience Aid not prevent some of them from transferring their support to Denikin and
Wrangel. They retain, moreover,
their old" habit of political assassination, cultivated during Tsarist
days. The Mensheviks have been
much wiser, and Incomparably
More loyai^to their own ld&l 'of
moderate socialism, but even they
confine themselves to protests,
complaints and negative criticism.
If the Bolsheviks are intolerant
and despotic, It Is also true that
the opposition has' b&en .neither
nelpful nor constructive. In times
of danger and suffering, an opposition which would -deserve confidence, must galh. It. by showing
positively that the adoption of certain measiires and'''the avoidance
of others would lead to results
which, all desire.
.■With peace and timo the dictatorship may grow milder. Ib has
achieved Its negative purpose by
destroying the capitalist system. In
the task of building up, there Is
no longer a valid reason for refusing the co-operation of every group
which wllhwbrk loyally for the future of the Socialist state. I doubt,
however, whether tho Communist
party ia likely to surrender volun
tarlly even tho least of its outposts
by which it maintains its monopoly
fif power. It is true to say of It,
tnat Its mind has been formed by
a quasi-religious fanaticism. The
fevtonlshtng fact is, however, that
with this doctrine starting-point, it
has none the less, shown Itself tth-
der Lenin's leadership so adaptable
that Its Russian critics ln ttie other
Socialist parties scoff at its compromises. The new system of one
man management In Industry, tho
high rewards paid to .specialists and
the Indispensable kinds of Labor,
based in reality on demand, to say
nothing of the big concessions offered to foreigners, are all of them
expedients which show how little
rigidity there'.Is In Lenin's appllca-
tion of his doctrines. The Communist party will not be. easily, displaced, nor do I see a party fit to
displace it. On the other hand, its
present discipline can hardly preserve its unity for ever, for there
arp, .sharply divergent tendencies
within lt. In the long run, the rapid progress of education in Russia
is the guarantee that the form of
representative government wlU be-
cottio a reality, as the masses gain
tu knowledge and experience.
A, Glgunllc Effort pf Creation
I am closing those articles without an attempt to estimate the
general value of the Communist
system, as wo may see It In Russia^ Its' forp{ is too. little fixed, Its
realization ris yet too sketchy for
such a valuation. To judge Communism by its actual achievement
In Russia, with an Illiterate and
primary population as its human
material, n;nd the wreckage of war,
clvft;war.arid:blockada for its scene
fs .^'Jint no rational man would do,
unless he were heated by passion
or idiCr, One niight as well judge
capitalism by the misery of Poland
or the depression of Esthonia.
. I will, how-ever, record tlie pergonal . Impression' which these two
montha In Russia made upon mc.
In ^plte of the physical misery,
most of. lt due tp war, In spite of
much intolerance and much callousness, both of them habitunl in
Rusula, I hud Lhe senso that I wns
watching a gigantic effort of creation. The strugglo of this shaping
Communist ideal to master its recalcitrant material, was to mo all
the-moie Impressive, becuuse I felt
beneath the presence of the other
tendency, the wrecking, dstructivo
mutiny of a Slav peasantry. The
positive work of tho revolution,
whether ono saw lt In the factory,
lho farm of the school, Ih an epic
Mulijyli, not only ovor foreign enemies nnd tho armed reaction, luit
also over theso darker forces lu
tho untaught Russian soil.- K'i«'ilor
thore may bo, and poverty, nnd yot]
I.thinttf'thnt thla revolution will live
to. vindicate Itself in history, as the
greatest effort of tho constructive
political will, since the French
ihll.de an end to feudalism.
iA Mjb}iument to thc Human Will
w^wtaL democracy is not In itsolf
(j^'feroatlvo or architectural princi-
ilie. What it does is to keep tho
ajb&bw* ln which contemporary
fprce% struggle for opportunity.
Among these forcos our own olvil-
Satlon haa thrown up as yet nono
which can compare In efilcacy with
the egoistic motive of private gain,
In Russia a social principle, has,
by violence indeed, and a contemptuous disregard of democracy,
tpado for Itself an opportunity,
which lt uses with masterful will.
It haa broken tho powor of wealth
to, control men's lives. It is acting,
even when lt coerces them, for the
solo good of the musses. It Is malting, oven if It be destined to overthrow, a suporb monumont to tho
human will. To ovolvo a victorious
army from an invertebrate rabble,
to rouse a lazy and apathetic nation, nmlil poverty and suffering, to
u task which domnnded an almost
Insane courage, to conceive the
daring ambition of making a ruling caste out of young unschooled
U. S. State Department
Smashes Capitalistic
Barricade
(By Paul Hanna, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Washington—Have the Russian
Bolsheviki bribed or bought out
tlie United States State department? Has the Third Internationale got Its man planted In the Russian division of our foreign offlce?
No matter what the answer Is to
those questions, the State department has smashed straight through
the capitalist barricade around
Russia and presented the Amorican presa with a booklet, printed
at government expense,' which contains something like the complete
proceedings of the Second Congre.w
of the Third Internationale held at
Moscow from July 19 to August 7,
1930.
Tliis daring piece'uf Communist
propaganda Is slightly camouflaged
to make tt look like an antl-BoI-
shevik document. But from covor
to cover of Us 166 pages the reader wade through continuous and
crushing Indictments of the economic systom which produced the
wot Id war and brought bankruptcy
and misery to all the nations of
Europe.
Scattered through the booklet
aro certain paesagea in Italic letters
which voice the determination of
various orators to curry tlie class
w^r around the world and Into all
couni.iles, but 99 per cent of the
matter lo a pitiless anaTyslB of the
shattered old social order and a
statement o\ the Con^hiunlst plar.
of worid salvation.
In its preface to the document,
the Russian division of the State
department says thai the object
aimed at is to prove of the Russian
lenders 'that "In their rolo as leaders of the Soviets they attempt to
establish: 'normal' relations with
governments, while in their role as
Communist Revolutionists aud as
general managers of the 'General
Staff of World Revolution,' they
conspire to wreck the same."
Then follow the addresses, now
ringing with passion, pov cool and
scientific, of Lenin, Trotsky, 7-.no*.
vlev,. Radek, Bucharin and other
Russian spokesmen, together with
the sympathetic responses by delegates from Western Europe, Asia
and America.
Tlrs booklet Is compiled, we are
told, from the pages of the Moscow
Izvestla and the Petrograd Pravda.
Those two Journals of Soviet Russia are said to be very commonly
forged and filled with spurious matter by anti-Russian plotters In the
Baltic States, but our Stute department evidently believes Its sources
are genuine.
(** special Interest to American
readers are the following passages
which are now published broadcast
by the State department: ■
"When the American bourgeosle
before the eyes of the World suspended constitutional guarantees,
when this much-prulaed democracy
violated all the principles established by itsolf—by this it determined its own place. . . It is
ncccsn^ry to emphasize this much-
debated point, and finish once for
all with democratic tendencies."—
Lenovlev, ln opening address.
"And when they tell us that
Bolshevism -Is disorder, a scarecrow, we can only smile, for from
the statistical data of the Allied
Supreme Council we see why the
workers cannot live necording to
the old standards, Because even
if all Bolsheviks should disappear
entirely, even in America—recently America sent us 60 Communists
(applause)—even rf America should
not send 500-but 5,000 Communists
—there would still remain the disproportion between prices and
wuges, a disproportion which America camiot solve because private
property Is sacred (in Russia we
have forgotten that), while against
this new power of capitnl against
these tens of billions collected by
the war, nothing can be accomplished. No strikes, no parliamentary
struggle, no elections, no reforms,
can accomplish anything, because
they have this sacred private property. Through private property
such debts have accumulated as
will subject the entire world to
complete slavery."—Lonin, in open
ing iiddress,
Tf the state department honestly
supposed thnt this rare compilation nf Bolshevik propaganda would
omboffifis tb? Moscow government,
it might have f/rfund its answer in
tlie printed text where Lenin says;
"recently a Socialist from this
same group publish^ another book
pestroytn'g the Bolihe$iks. A great
mnny hooks lh all the Europoart
languages now appear which devour Bolshevism wholo, But the
moro ihere are of sucji books, the
moi;e rapidly does sympathy for
Bolshevism Increase."
• Lenin is merriest, however, when
he tells the Communist cofigress
about Keynes' bonk, ^'The Economic Consequences of the Peace."
■•Keynes advlaos, first of all, to
annul all debts. This book, and
tho citations from this book appearing In newspapers, are read
not only by people wbo have definitely exhausted  their brains, but
YOU ARE NOT TAKING
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when you bring your .ho* repair, to ut   *We bava th. aottlB-
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workmen, was In itself an act of
audacity to wliich time has no parallel.
Beyond the bravery of this strugglo there lies a much vaster design—to change the entire economic structure of this hflf-contl-
nent, nnd wtth it tho mind of a
race. There are those who believo
that initiative, ambition and the
creative wilt, aro evoked only by
tho hope of personal gain. Hero is
initiative, horo Is the will to reshape and create, on a scale to
which all our civilization together
offors no parallel. Its actual
achievement will be hampered by
tho original poverty and intellectual immaturity of Russia; it may 13c
frustrated by the criminal enmiy
of western politicians. I will sum
up what I have soon of this tendency tn- one sentence. It Ib, in a
land where a feeble and dilatory
civilization had touched as yet only
a minute minority of a gifted population, u great and heroic attompt.
to shorten thc dragging march of
time, to bring culiuro to a wholo
nation, and to make a co-operative
Bociety, where a predatory despotism had prepared the general ruin
tn thc act of suicido.
Buys  Out Plants That
'   Are Used Against
Union Men
When Labor becomes fully conscious of the power given by the
capital.already accumulated In the
hands of the workeri and uses it,
Labor will be ready to take control
of Industry ln the United States,
-•** make lt function for. the benefit of the many instead of the pro-
lit of the few.
This suggested solution of the
industrial problem Is brought out
by Richard Boeckel In.an article,
"Labor Turns the Tables," appearing ln the Independent. It Is based
on experiments already undertaken
by the International Association of
Machinists with weapons used hitherto solely In the interest of capitalism. What the machinists have
done on a small scale, Mr. Boeckel
suggests, the entire Labor movement can do on a large scale, and
thus ultimately come into the actual ownership of Industry.
The article gives ln detail the
strategy of the Machinists In breaking up an "open shop" lockout by
the employing interests of Norfolk.
With union funds the Machinists
bought an overdue mortgage
against the Crescent Machine
Works, tne leader In the open shop
drive, and then by threatening
foreclosure the union was able to
compel the Crescent officials to call
.off the lockout and resume operations as a union shop.
However, the crescent and other
plants that signed union agreements received ultimatums from
the banks that no more credit
would be given them until they returned to the "open shop" principle. Here the unton stepped ln,
and through its own bank In Washington supplied the necessary
credits. Thus these shops, previously under the dictation of the interests controlling the-banks, were
brought under control of the union.
From this situation Mr. Boeckel
develops the fact that the money
controlled by capitalistic Interests
against the workers is not. their1
own money, but Is for the most
part money deposited ln the banks
by the workers themselves. By establishing banks of Its own In every
Held,' the article suggests, the Labor movement can take away from
capital what fn the past has been
also by live workmen and pcusants.
These wot Iters read what this bourgeois economist snys, namely, that
there is no way out except by annulling debts, and therefore—but
cursed be the Bolsheviks, usurpers
who have annulled debts! It seems
to me that such an agitator for
Bolshevism as this bourgeois pacifist should have a telegram of
greeting -from thts congress of the
International.
"Comrades, Keynes says, 'If the
situation has become absolutely
impossible. It means that the victors themsolves have become the
weapons of complete disintegration.' Vp see the growth of the
unconquerable revolution. Musses
of oppressed, exploited, robbed
peoplo see clearly that the truth,
from whloh tho bourgeoisie must
perish, has been deceitfully concealed from thom."
Illustrating further the low vitality of world capitalism, Lenin
says;
"We see this in the case of tho
wars against Russia, because these
were wars against weak, ruined,
oppressed Russia, carried on by
the league of rich nations, whose
fleet nlone rules over us. But we
proved victorious! \yhy? Not because wc were stronger In tbe military «ense—that, of course, Is absurd—but becauso thero was no
shade of unity among them; because ono power acted despite another. France wished a strong
\usslu, -while England wished Ru»-
sia divided up. Knglnnd tried to
seize tlio Baku oil, but you know
•*•-'•• that ended.
"England strove to establish relations with the border states of
Russia. .Six montbs ago the British minister, Churchill, counted up
a dozon states at war with Russia,
which were to capture Petrograd
and Moscojv by December, 1319.
Wo know what these states were
worth, but throughout the world
they were considered real stutes.
England based her policy pn such
u belief. England and America
gave thom hundreds of millions*
which went to the bottom of the
sea! •*"
". . . . The powerful states
which aroused a dozen and a half
states against us have finally
rcnohed thc point (lust July) whore
tbey send ugainst us one fctate at
a time in order that, ono ut u time,
ouch bourgeois robber in turn may
learn Its lesson in good behavior
from the Red Army."
one of IU most effective weapons
—control of the credit system.
Through this method Labor on
control wages and conditions of
Labor—but lt must rtsort to direct
Investment tn corporation securities to take tho ownership ud tho
profits of Industry, Thnt It would
' not bo necessary to buy a majority
of all tho corporation stocks bnt
only tho stocks of koy enterprise*
Is brourht out by tho fact thnt tho
Machinists themselves have seat
three concerns competing with tho
plants they control In Norfolk Into
bankruptcy during tho lost few
weeks.
The article tolls of n plan tho
Machinists hnvo for establishing an
Investment department to Invest
tho savings of tho Union's members In tho stocks of enterprises It
wishes to control, nnd of nnother
schemo for setting up coihpetnl*
enterprises, .co-operatively owned,
whero tho stock-purchase method
Is Impracticable.
The article suggests that a goneral staff directing the investment
of tho savings of tho entire Labor
movement eould bring the dny
when Labor will take completo
control ef Industry very near. Thus
Labor would flght flre with flre-yot
the chargo oould not bo made thnt
Labor had resorted to nny methodi
that wero not "legal, orderly nnd
American."
Labor would ho turning the weapons of capital ngainst capitalism.
Qenerat Benuvenga of Italy snyn
that "Oermany saved the world
from Bolshevism!" All that ta
needed now ls some nation to save
the world from tho present chaotto
condition such as bankruptcy, starvation, disease; unemployment
prostitution. Insanity, wage, slavery,
etc., and then wo shall In all probability be blessed/with tho demooraoy, millions started out to obtain
ln m«. After that—well somo pod- ,
pie will still want Bolshevism and
that will be nn international job. '
DANCING LESSONS
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COTILLION BALL
Phones: Ser. 101—Ser. S058-O
Social Dances Monday, Wedneiday ud Saturday.
COWAN & BROOKHOUSB
PBOraiM. rUBHSHEBVSHMO-
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Union Oflcl.lt, writ, lor prlooi.   W.
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If our coal is not satin-
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Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
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Phones Seymour 14<1 and 465
Greatest Stock of
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Dr. De Van's French Pills
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thirteenth tear N». 4    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
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CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boys' Dept.—Second Floor
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HARRINGTON AT
THE EMPRESS
(Continued from Page 1)
thero is famine. Thore Is In thla
country, under present conditions,
sufficient to allow certain people to
'.tve In luxury, although others have
to live under* conditions that do
not allow them to reproduce their
energies In a sane and healthy manner. There la also no doubt as to
there being food ln China for those
Who have the price to pay for It.
Honey does not feed any one where
no food Is obtainable, but the
money is being sent to China. The
Red Cross has been conducting a
drive for funds for the sufferer's In
Central Europe, the victims of Allied humanltarlanism since 1918.
The absorbing passion'for'gold of
Allied governments, Britain, France
•nd the United States, may yet
have the effect of forcing Germany
to get rid of her exports to Soviet
Russia, thc only government in
Europe anxious to get rid of its
vast stores of gold for something
more useful. The fear of Bolshevism haunts the statesmen of all
the great powers, and they are
Itching to let loose the White Terror, and the events In ItoJy have
shown their, desire to commence
Well a regime, but how far it will
travel, will be determined by the
resistance of the Communists ln
Italy. The Hungarian White Terror has been halted, and Soviet
Russia did this by applying threats
New National Hotel
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of reprisals in kind, similar to British tactics in Ireland.
The question of direct action in
Engianu over the unemployment
situation ls being forced upon the
trade union executives through the
prebs ire of the rank and file, who
will act without them if the government falls to handle the task to
their satisfaction. The Irish Question Is one which the Bi"tlsh government has neither" the ability
nor the knowledge to handle. The
reports lhat this situation ij now
practically settled is only an Indication of iheir hopes running away
beyond their actual knowleJge.
They havo more than s-fUcIent
troops ithd munition.! In the country ro wipe Ireland off the map, if
tbey doslred to do so. The temper
of tl-e British peoplo themselves,
however, Is a very important factor
In t'le' present situation. The oali-
bre of the men now being used for
the policy in force in Ireland is
sufficient .o show Ihey w <uld also
undertake such work agulnst thoir
own people at home, lf the occasion demanded the services of such
characters.
Our own situation Is the one that
concerns and troubles us most. We
are face to face with one of the
greatest crises. Unemployment is
liable' to increase rather than diminish, and lt is a very noticeable
fact that they unemployed are acting a little differently to the way
they were accuBtomed to do In the
days gone by. Race hatred must
be eliminated. The same causes
that operate to statVe Chinamen,
also operate to starve other people. Judging by the amount doled
out to single men In Vancouver on
relief work, we have shed all th&
appendages of civilization that
mark us off as distlncct beings from
those in the lower scacle of development—clothes, evidently do not
wear out, smoking and chewing are
eliminated, not to mention the
other higher accomplishments of a
once wealthy wording class, whose
butterfly existence of only last
summer has dwindled down to
scanty meals and a place of some
kind to sleep ln. It might be as
well to warn .hose v/ho might present their cheques at the Hotel
Vancouver that the change will not
be in money. These conditions prevail despite the fact that tho wealth
Is In the country, a shortage of
houses, with plenty of lumber for
building, and all sorts of things
that can be used to advantage under a sane system. It might prove
an interesting occupation to- stifdy
the statistics wc used to hear about
not so long ago—"our per capita"
wealth. So long as there ls a possibility of sale production goes
along, and so long as the system
remains on lhat basis, starvation
confronts a considerable portion of
the human race.
What is meant by tho abolition
Greater Than Ever—
THE VALUES OFFERED AT  THE  NEW  YORK'S
Big Stocktaking Sale
ARE EXTRAORDINARY
MEN'S, WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S OLOTHING DRASTICALLY REDUCED IN PRICE
HIS SALS ls worth travelling miles to attend—(louts
aai profits sre entirely forgotten--The one big pur-
putso i.i' have m in ud ib to make n clean sweep of sll
stocks before stocktaking, so we have cut the prices to the
bone—Those bargains are a few examples aud yon eau
name your owu terms of
CREDIT
All wa uk ls a small deposit down and you can arrange to
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MEN'S  SUITS
3'Itl   lines   In   most
styles   ok-HrliiK  nt
$23.50
MEN'S O'COATS
Smart     nnd     np-tb-
date, clenrlnK fit—
$17.50
BOYS'   0'OOATS   ,
Nifty   lisle.,   . elllr.B
for
$10.50
OIHLS'   OOATS
AND  DRESSES
Stylo, like mothor'l,
clenrlnK at
$8.50
BOTS' SUITS
i-lcnrln.   at
$7.50
LADIES' OOATS
Dependnblo fabrics
atnl    newest    styles,
Bellini.'   Rt
$19.50
We
Grow
While
Others
Grow
143 HASTINGS ST. W.
Sey, 1361
of capitalism? Surely lt la evident
that the destitution of the machinery of production is foolish. It
Is simply the abolition of the present "relations" of production. Capitalism functions on a basis of pro.
flt-malting—a social process with
that end In view. To change to a
system where "use" Is the end in
view, is certainly a radical change
In the relations of all to the machinery ..of product.*!. What is to
be done? What is necessary? Education! Oi'ganieation! We are
compelled to organize' before we
know anything, by virtue of the
conditions we live under—blindly
and unconsciously. We commence
to understand that wages and shorter hours are not the sum total of
man's activities In the struggle for
human freedom,. So long as a
class controls, the struggle ls essentially a struggle for power*—the
working olass must therefore make
Itself the ruling class. To accomplish this, they must seize the forces
of the State. It is the conditions
that we live under that foster the
feelings of revolt', and lt Is the development of this force that will
bring about the downfall of capitalism—not simply its mechanical
collapse. The conditions of feudalism fanned Into revolt the rising
bourleols class, and the downfall
of that system of economy was not
simply due to Its failure to function—the Result of the actions of
those who suffered under Us regime brought that struggle to a crisis.
Edlcation develops consciousness,
and It ls essential to educate as
many members of our class as possible, so they can direct their movements Intelligently, and with as
little confusion as possible, and
prevent the reforms and reactionaries from side-tracking the workers. How the State functions, tho
necessity for the workers understanding this social force clc-firly
and getting control of It to use ln
thtlr Interests, occupied the attention of Lhe speaker before con. tiding his address hy pointing out thc
necessity of having continually to
repeat lots of things in propaganda
moetings, which can not be avoided
in any educational methods, but
those who were as well acquainted
with these matters as him must al
ways bear in mind that what was
stale to them, was likely to be novel to the newcomers to these meetings.
J. Harrington will be the speaker at thi; Kin press on Sunday evening next.
WORKERS ARE
Factory and Health Inspectors Fail to Do
Their Duty
The subject of workers being
forced to work in unsanitary
places, and food being prepared under unsanitary conditions, was
again brought to the attention of
the Vancouver (International)
Trades and Labor Council by delegates last night. It was pointed out
that neither factory nor health Inspectors are carrying out their
work in an efficient manner so
far as small business enterprises-
at least are concerned, and with
a view to getting this subject attended to, tha council Instructed
the secretary to place the matter
before the city health offlce, Al-
4erman Scrlbblns aiid Attorney-
Oeneral Farris.
Credentials were received and
delegate! seated from the Mould-
en, Pile Driven, Soft Drink Dispensers, Carpenten, Hotel end
Restaurant Employees end Tallon. The Brotherhood ot Hallway
Carmen made application fer affiliation.
A communication from the
Grand Army of United Vetefans
asking the couneil te take up the
•ubjeot of having (he "Made In B.
tV campaign committee lnolude In
Its programme a "White Labor ln
B. C." also. In replying the oounoil suggested that the O. A. U. V.
take the matter up with the Manufacturers' Association.
In conneotlon with an Inquiry
regarding the proposed Hangar at
Jerloho Beaoh, del. Masseca.
pointed out that the steel had heen
on the ground fo/ many months
and that tenders for .the work had
not yet been let by the government.
President Welsh, reporting as a
member of the oommlttee trying
to get an Inquiry Into the' high
oost of coal said that the authorities do not appear to be enthusiastic ove. an enquiry, and- that It
remains for the attorney-general
to decide.
A metal trades section. ahd a
building trades section haa been
formed ln oonnectlon with the
council.
Del. Showier of the Teamsters
reported that many union men ask
to have goods, delivered from
Arms by union men but. fall to
look for the button when the man
arrives.
The Tailors' Union hae been
asked to accept a out ln wages
and In takinsr the matter up wlta
the International, that body baa
told the union to resist the out
and hnve guaranteed them financial and moral support.
The Hotel and Restaurant Employees report that nothing more
has been heard regarding the suggestion, of a wage reduction by a
few employers. The union will
send delegates to the unions ln the
city to feel out the sentiment regarding starting a campaign to
have all Chinese help abolished
ln hotels and restaurants.
Carpenters reported ..trade - quiet
but no cut in wages and an expected Increase on April 1.
Barber's reported many men Idle
on account of'floatere coming in
from all over the continent apparently on account of the city
being advertised os "wet."
Moulders reported that the
Tally Province report, to the effect that Vancouver Moulders
were on Btrtke, ls not true. There
Is no strike.
Bakery Salesmen reported having secured a closed shop.
Boot and Shoe Workers reported having had a new agreement
signed on February 1 with no reduction ln wages.
A. Farmilo, A. F. of L. organiser addressed the meeting and complimented the council on Its
healthful and militant condition
and pointed out that organised labor will probably be faced with
a vigorous fight In the very near
future and urged them to continue
to build up each and every organization.
prmnsH oovr. has
BIO WHtTE OUARD
ORGANIZED LABOR
HOLDS ITS OWN
(Continued from page 1)
Ing again accepted the philosophy
of Billy Bowser who,-when Attorney-General of B. Ci( said, "laws
were made to be obeyed by governments except ln cases of emergencies, but governments could
create the emergencies If, necessary," Meighen having decided that
tho law which authorizes the labor
department to fix fair wage schedules could be Ignored on account
of unemployment.
Poverty Stricken  Oountry  Spends
Millions on Maintenance
of Military
Superior, Wis.—Tyomies, the
Finnish daily, reoelved the following cablegram from lti Stockholm
correspondent:
Stockholm.—The .Ways and
Means Committee of the Finnish
Diet has appropriated twenty million marks for the maintaining of
the country's White Guards.
The prominent poet Elino Leino
ls reported to be working for full
amnesty for all political prisoners.
Lord Behblnder and three other
officers of the Finnish- army have
been arreBted for misappropriation
of army funds.
P. ti, P. NOTES
Friday, Feb. 11, whist drive and
masquerade dance. Cotillion hall.
Roll up In hundreds. Funds wanted for liquidation of debt on hall;
fancy dress options. Tickets: Gents,
50c; ladies, 25c.
Saturday, Feb. 6—Social and
dsincc at headquarters, 148 Cordova
street west.    Everybody invited.
Tuesday, 8 p.m.—Executive meeting at headquarters.
Friday, 7:30 — Junior Labor
League meet at the house of Mrs,
Pierrot, No. 21 Thirteenth avenue
west. Roll up, young enthusiastic
Laborltes,
Sunday, Feb. B—McBride at
Columbia, 8 p.m.; Mrs. Rose Henderson at headquarters, 148 Cor*-
odva street west, 8 p'.ni.
Sunday afternoon, Open Forum
at 3 p.m., H. W.^Watts on "Direct
Aotlon."
ASIA FALLS TO
British Troops Are Being
Withdrawn from
India
Turks, Afghans and Persians Make Alliance
With Russia
(By Paul Hanna, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Washington.—Look up at your
map and observe the great land
wedge between Europe and India
whioh la formed by the territories
of Turkey, Persia and Afghanistan.
The Hunt southern "apex" of this
triangle lies along the open sea between Arabia and India. The Ups
ot lte northern flanges are more
than 3,0.0 miles apart
Within thia vaat region tens of
millions ef Mphomedana dwell.
For half a century they have been
subject te or In constant dread of
British Imperialism, Today they
are In open, offloloal alliance with
the Russian Soviet government.
From all their cities, (owns and
vllages the Britlah garrisons are
Withdrawing and moving towartl
the sea. ;
What the German Kaiser strove
for ln the great war—the land
gateway to Asia—has fallen to
Communism. Qermany fought
with big cannon and conscript legions, and failed. Lenin scattered
pamphlets filled with promises of
freedom, and he has won.
These Turks, Afghans and Persians are not Communists, They
have joined Soviet Russia simply
because the Russians say to them:
"We do not covet yout land nor
your wealth. Throw off your op-,
pressors and live jrour own Uvea
without dictation from abroad."
Britain conquered the Eost by
giving money and honors to native
princes. Soviet Russia has undone
British conquests by offering freedom to the Oriental masses, as well
as to native rulers who have been
gradually shorn of their Independence by the foreign Imperialists.
How has this "Communist
wedge" between Europe and India
affected the Indiana and the British polloy ln Hindustan? Sensational reactions are al.eady reported. A dispatch from Delhi
says:
"Thirty thousand native soldiers
and 2600 British officers will be discharged from the Indian service before the end of March. It Is also
believed probable that the British
forces ln India will be further reduced by sending home two British cavalry and four British Infantry regiments."
This astounding British withdrawal ln India seems to bo a direct
consequence of mass agitation
against the Intolerable taxation of
natives .to support the British occupation. The British viceroy, the
British commander-in-chief and
the' army council ln London, protested against the withdrawal. But
wtth rebellion already on foot ln
Northern India, the British cabinet
yielded to the demand of native
ana non-oflloial members of the
Viceroy's Council.
The dismay of the Imperialists ls
voiced by the London Telegraph In
an editorial entitled "Are We Giving Up India?" which contains this
bitter passage:
"India Is restless and perturbed.
A most determined and unscrupulous group of agitators ls working
to inflame the public mind and fan
discontent Into a roaring nre. It
is engaged ln a crusade of sedition,
rebellion and racial hate. . . .
It does not deny that it will raise
a rebellion whenever It thinks It
can succeed. And what stands between It. and this alluring prospect?
Nothing but two armies, the white
and the brown, particularly tho former. .Take that away, or let It
drop below safety mark, and Mr.
Ghandl and his friends may pass
from non-co-operation to active te-
volt."
Amherstburg. Ont.-Scores of Ca-
nadlan draft evaders, largely from
the province of Quebec, are eking
out a living ln Canada's frozen
north under the Impression that
the war Is still on, Capt. William
G. Goodchllds reported on his return from an eight-year sojourn in
the Hudson Bay region.
ATI COLUMBIA
J. S. Woodsworth Spoke
on Unemployment
Last Sunday
Last Sunday, Comrude Woods-
worth dealt with the subject of unemployment In a capable manner,
explaining to an Interested audience
the cause and cure of the present
epidemic. Dividing the periods of
say 70 years ago and the present
time, the spenker made it quite
clear he was dealing with conditions strictly as they aro today, and
were at an earlier period in Canada. Seventy years ago a man
with grit and determination, could
manage to got along In a comfortable- way. He had hot the large
combines and trusts to fight. Lands
were more accessible, and were not
In the hands of speculators. The
speaker made great capital out of
the suggested exchange of the vast
stores of salmon for firewater, and
suggested to 'the audienoe they
would probably have to start drinking before they could eat. Taking
hfs audience a step further, he
told how gradually the land had
slipped Into the hands of speculators, trusts had arisen, the national
resources of the country had beon
stolen from the people, until now
the wealth ot the Dominion waB in
the hands of a few. The one cry
of today was markets. Every
country ln the world was crying
out for markets. The Allies were
at disagreements on the policy of
reparation from Germany. What
was more, lf the indemnity from
Germany is paid In goods, it only
makes the problem of markets for
the Allies a harder one to solve.
Turning next to the remedy, the
speaker said the only cure was for
tbe machinery, lands and natural
resources, in fact everything necessary to production and distribution,
revert to the people to be used for
the benefit of all. For the elimination of production for proflt and
the production of use in Its place,
the speaker maintained In any case
It was the function of the State to
maintain every man, woman and
ohild that are suffering from
lack of employment or funds. At
the close of the address, several
questions were asked and answered to everybody's satisfaction.
The ohalrman, in his opening remarks, stated the ultimate aim of
the F. L. P. waB to bring about the
downfall of capitalism As speedily
as possible. There Is at present a
revived Interest ln working class
conditions, and the future of the
party seems very bright.
Mr. Longley rendered two fine
solos; Mrs. Longley accompanied
on the piano. The audience showed Its appreciation by applause.
Isaac McBride will Bpoak on
Suilday at the Columbia.
Shoo Satisfaction at a Pair Price
The Best
$5 Boot
in Town
A goocl,.st.ong, serviceable work boot, all solid, made on
a comfortable loot-form last. Brown or Black, $5.00.
We Specialize for Men and Boys
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
LIMITED
33 HASTINOS STREET EAST
Hamilton, Ont.— Two thousand
Niagara Peninsula fruit growers
formed a co-operative company to
market all their product, which, it
Is expected, will total more than
Jl,500,000 during the coming season.
P. L. P. Concert
Another big concert Is to be held
in the Federated Labor Party hall
on Saturday evening, commencing
at 8 o'clock. Quite a lot of new
talent has been obtuined for this
occasion and party members aljd
sympathizers are heartily invited.
Admission ls free. After the concert there wtll be a Uttle dancing.
**n—
Patronise Fed Advertliers.
Largest Men's Storo In tlie West
The great break in clothing, prices that levels
these Young Men's Suits to what they cost on
the factory floor.
Hundreds of these Suits tre being thrown
upon the market at outlet salo prloea—onr
newest and largest showing for 1921—
THE REGULAR PRICES RANGE
FROM »S0 TO $(10
In sizes 34, 85, 86, St
TO SELL AT—
$14.75, $19.75, $22.75
$24.75, $29.75
"Your Money's Wotth or Your Money Back"
Wm. Dick
.    -* Limited
4547-49 Hastings St. E.
Despised  the  Parasitic
and Aristocratic
Idler Gang
Admiral of the Britlah fleet, Sir
John Arbuthnot Fisher, firat baron
of Kllverstone, Order of Merit,
chairman of Inventions board,
grand cordon of Legion of Honor,
member of the committee of Imperial Defense, was something of
a -Socialist.
Admiral Fisher died recently,
but just before his death, ho sent
a letter to the London Times, reactionary Imperialist organ, giving
six reasons why the British people
should support the Labor Pai'ty.
The fourth of thoso was that the
people are sick of war and of warmongers.
Since his death, the fact of his
sympathies for Socialism Is becoming wider known.
Being Jokingly accused by the
late King Edward of being a Socialist, ho replied:
"Well, ilr, I never did believe
that all the brains ln the world
went with white shirts."
It Is woll known that the "barnacle type of British naval officer
hated Admiral Fisher for his radical thinking and genius.
The Glasgow Forward, Socialist
Labor organ, says ln commenting
upon his death:
'Many of the Btorles current
about Lord Fisher's Socialist sympathies In his later year's—some
we know to be true, and some
otherwise.
"Perhaps the most Interesting
story of alt, in this connection,
could bo told by Mr. Ramsay Macdonald and Mr. Smillie, were thoy
ao disposed, but it may be taken
for granted that had a Labor Socialist government got Into power
ln Fisher's day, he would have
promptly offered his services wtlh
a view to ensuring that the officer
class in the navy, would be prevented from sabotaging th.e new
regime.
'He despised the parasitic, inefficient, decorative mouctfard (spy
and eavesdropper) with all his soul
and he went about in society relating with glee what would happen to all the aristocrat idler gang
When the Labor pai'ty took office."
AT
THEMIS
Neither Turkey Nor Armenia Need Help of
Paper Diplomats
(By the Federated Press)
Washington, — There is dismay
at the White House and state department over the ridicule which
all classes ln Europe have heaped
upon the Wilson-Davis statement
concerning Russia, Armenia and
Turkoy.
Beginning with the Colby note
of August 10, Europe has either
ignored completely every Wilson
utterance respecting Russia, or
has replied so contemptuously that
the itate department dares not
make public any of the responses.
However, the Davts-Wlison proposal that all the powers give a
public pledge to guarantee Russia
from attack, in order' that Henry
Morganthau may sail to Constantinople and "mediate" in behalf
of Armenia has provoked a positive outburst of laughter in Europe.
"Are we reading 'The Arabian
Nights?' " asks the London Chronicle.
Th'e circumstances are that there
ar*e neither wars nor massacres In
Armenia, whose people, for the
flrst ttlme In many centuries, have
a government of their own, and
a territory much more generous
than the Allies, ever offered them.
Their government, however", fs a
soviet government, under which all
religious sects enjoy equal rights.
Talaat Pasha, one of the Turkish leaders whose rebel government
In alliance with Soviet Russin, has
made peace with Armenia and
driven the Allies out of nearly the
whole of Turkey, says of the Wilson-Davis-Morganthau meddling:
"Theft is no longer any conflict
between Turkey and Armenia. And
if there was Morganthau would be
the laat man ln the worid to settle It, The Turkish people have
Uttle confidence in his good faith
or Impartiality. How President
Wilson, after all of Morgerrthau's
statements about the Turks, could
name him as mediator, even lf mediation were necessary, ls beyond
the oom prehension ot every Turk."
President Wilson was infoi'med
several weeks ago that Morgenthau
was persona non grata to the
Turks, yet he proceeded with his,
fantastic paper .diplomacy as if
his own preference would sweep
away all opposition. For being alt
dressed up with no place to go,
Morgenthau has only the president to thank.
wsmm
Docs China Need Wheat?
The Vancouver Dally Sun suggests sending 8,000,000 bushels of
wheat to China to relieve the
famine. Great Britain has tons of
Chinese flour that the people there
are unable to eat. This flour was
shipped there several months ago
and lt is now being forced onto
the consumers because of the al'
leged scarcity of the usual kind.
In fact, the Co-operative Wholesale
Society, which has large wheat
fields and grain-buying agencies in
Canada, was not permitted to
handle Its own wheat with whloh
lt has always been able to not only
supply ln the form of flour' and
bread to Its four million members,
but to others as well. Protests
have been made by this organization time and time again about the
interior Chinese flour whloh the
government was supplying the
people, but no change has been
mad*.
logical and Inevitable consequcnoe
of the policy of the American government towards Soviet Russia,
Tho decision of the secretary ot"
labor was directed, not against my-
jBelf, but specifically against the
government whtch I represent. The
decision said, In effect, that the
Amorican government would not
permit any representative of the
Soviet government to approach
America for the purpose of establishing political or economic relations.
"I have no knowledge of the'future plans of the American government, nor can I tell In what direction this policy of Ignoring the
existence of the established government of the largest oountry In Europe will lead. I know that the
Soviet government Is more firmly
established, beyond fear or darrger
of foreign or internal assault than
It was on the day when'I flrst approached the American government
on Its behalf. I know further that
the industrial and economic conditions of the world, not excepting
America, are suoh that the resumption of normal economic relations
with Russia has become nn imperative necessity upon all the nations
. ... I can only say that
when the American people are prepared to approach this problem,
tho government of tho Russian
workers and peasants will be ready
to meet them in a reasonable and
friendly spirit."
Where Is tlie Union Button?
TAXI
SWAN TAXI
Central Hotel
it CORDOVA ST. E.
Phone Sey. 055S
Night—Phono High. 4II5X
M. SWANSON
DANCING
We Teach Beginner,
VIA——
—tn—
rox        g       ONE
THOT O STEP
LESSONS
Classes Tuesday and Thursday
Commencing 0:30
.        O. D. U. HALL
Oor Howe and Pender       Sey 291
Reduced Rates for Ladiea
MARTENS GIVEN A
GREATSENDOFF
(Continued from page 1)
bureau staff sailed on the Stockholm. Seventy-one deportees were
brought over at the lost moment
from Ellis Island and sent homo
after a period of dreary waiting.
They wero put In the tleernge.
Martens and his group had planned
to travel ln the steerage, too. But
tho Swedish-American line would
not hear of it. They gave him and
his family the suite de lux, and
provided the other mombers of the
party with flrst-class cabins.
In a farewell statement, Mr.
Martens said;
"My departure has com*1 ns the
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MASSEUR
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310-311 OARTER-COTTON BLDO.
Phone  Seymour  2048
108 Hastings Stroet West.
Big Reductions
in
U
SUITS and
OVERCOATS
$19.75   $24.50   $29.65
$33.75   $37.65   $48.95
C. D. Bruce
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets
LIMITED

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