BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Oct 26, 1923

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345377.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345377-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345377-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345377-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345377-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345377-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345377-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
ole Aim Not Fully Understood
by Many Supporters of
■sy to Faint Picture of Future,
But Not Easy to Bring It
to a Reality
[Editorial Halifax Citizen]
[HE  whole aim of organized  labor
ls not fully understood, even by
any who give It their full-hearted
■pport.    If the workers as a whole
]ould only realize that labor has a
icinl taak as well as an industrial
lal,   the   enthusiasm   of   individuals
jpuld show Itself in    definite    prolamines   of  united   action.       While
Ie direct business of the labor move-
fent ls to provide better conditions
work,  both economically and  in-
lustially, It goes even further, and
(eludes In Its programme the ideals
regenerated  society,   ln   which
Ian as an individual human  factor
111 enjoy all the privileges that the
l-eator intended  him  to  enjoy.    At
lesent there are many things in the
Jay of this ideal being fulfilled.    At
le same time, however, a clear under-
[anding   of  the   broadmlnded   scope
the   movement   should   stimulate
lorkers  everywhere  to  definite  con-
lerntion of their efforts to its achievement.    It is easy to  paint a  picture
the  future, but not so easy to bring
picture to a reality,    Before the
t'ture becomes a matorial actuality,
|ousands and thousands of the work-
will   have  learned  the   lesson   of
kcrificial   idealism."       This   means
raising of the social standard  to
Vhlgher  human   plane.       In   it  the
Iclal conscience of humanity will not
Irmit   anything     preventing     every
Iman  individual  from attaining bis
ultimate    desires,    providing be    is
■lling to work hard to achieve them.
Teh   a   standard   requires   laborious
lort.    It Is the human determination
give to life all that  it  expects  to
from life, that will bring social
Itice to tbe fore.    The labor move-
bnt desires this characteristic to be
llversal in humanity.    Then the em-
pyer  and  the  employee   will  both
.eervipg   their  generation,   Instead
^capitalizing it, as is being done to-
|y.    Both   employer   and   employee,
|ch     recognizing    their    individual
^abilities, and  realizing that both
necessary in order that product-
may be carried on  for the good
the   race,   will   expect   to   receive
fjm life opportunity to become what
their   Innermost soul  they  desire,
fct opportunity for the rich, and pro-
bitlve social customs for the  poor,
It each enjoying to the full the lib-
flty that hurts none but enriches all,
Id  each  contributing  to  his   fullest
Ipacity  for  the  betterment  of  the
Inerations  to come.    This  is  ideal
lie, but ideals are tho seeds of real-
lie   deeds-
liiimulry Workers
The international laundry workers
74 unions, with a membership
|r>,f.00 members. Some of the mem-
have established a union
Indry at Los Angeles, wilh fair
Lspects of success. The state of
Ide is Improving throughout the
Pettlplece for Mayor
H.  P. Petlipieee h;is definitely
The Two Local Unions Are Employing
Same Business Agent
Local No, 882, Stationary Engineers,
|* Sway to a good start. New mem-
*.rf are coming in all the time. The
Idea of two locals being that job Interest of the two branches sometimes
conflict, in the meetings, and to prevent same, it was thought best to have
a section dealing with each branch of
the craft. The Initiation fee of $2,
and dues $l per month to start. The
two locals of engineers are employing
the same business agent for awhile.
Only About 300 Scabs Working
in Vanoouver at
Scranton,   Pa.,   rank-   first  among
coal mining cities of the world.
Men Will Not Agree to An Arrangement   Being Made
Without Their Consent
B. C. Shipping Federation Want
to Set Wages and Working
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
unced that he will be a candidate
tho    mayoralty.    He    will    open
Idquarters   Immediately.
Ill .TIE HEW. (?)
Evince and World Say Million
Bushels Shipped in
Longshoremen's S'.rlke Bulletin]
|i tha Province and the World of
dnesday, the 17th inst. appeared
'news that on Tuesday (the prolog day) approximately one million
Jhels of wheat were spouted to
Anyone reading that might
Inclined to believe It, because "the
I. spa per s say so!*' But It can't
I done. One spout will average
lut ten thousand bushels per hour
|h a maximum of two spouts runn-
on one ship at one time. Two
'ps only can load at one time, and
Jen the trimmers nre In a hatch
■only runs half that amount. An
■rage shipload out of this port
(three hundred thousand bushels,
tied by longshoremen in three
Jit hour days, so the atatement re-
■ding the one million bushels
larly 27,000 long tons) Is to the
let that they loaded three of the
lest   loads   that   ever     left    thiB
all In one duy.
lhe fact is that when the statement
■eared ln the press, the longshore-
had  been on strike  nine days,
strikebreakers,  reputedly  work-
| all  that time, had  not  got one
away  (only one part load  had
got away).
i addition to the foregoing, It must
jinderstood that when two ships nre
Hlng flt one time, one ship only can
led with two spouts, the other ship
vlng to be content with ono, and
It  rather Intermittently.
TN our last issue of the Bulletin, we
gave the public of Vancouver a
bird's-eye view of conditions on the
waterfront in this port prior to 1912.
We also pointed out that It was the
evident intention of the Shipping Federation to reinstate conditions that
were in vogue at that time, and to attempt to create an "open shop" on the
approved American plan. That our
contention was not hot air has been
amply borne out during the past week.
Lust Tuesday, W. C. Dawson and J, K.
Middletou, two of the most notorious
"open shoppers" in Seattle, were in
Vancouver, and If our information is
correct, were closeted with the Shipping Federation of B. C. Noxt day appeared the proclamation of the Shipping Federation declaring for tho
open shop.
For the Information of the Vancouver public, the Bulletin reproduces a
fac-slmlle of the form that workmen
In Seattle are required to till out bc-
fero being admitted to the Seattle
waterfront. How do you like it, citizens of Vancouver? How would you
like to be tabbed, registered, your fine
points reviewed, like any prize bull
entering a competitive show, or like
the slaves of old In the southern markets?
The Shipping Federation of B. C. is
a union of the shipping interests and
stevedoring firms In the port of Vancouver, It is in turn a part of tho
west Waterfront Employers union,
which comprises the shipping interests, shipping agents and stovedoring
firms In the Pacific northwest. Theso
gentlemen, who are banded together
for their mutual interests, have the
unlimited gall to como out and deny
to the workers the right to organize
for their own protection. They will,
of course, deny this, but any intelligent man who analyzes the above
form, will readily see that all their
protestations arc so much bunk.
One of the main purposes of the
.Shipping Federation Is to sot the
wages and working conditions of the
men whom thoy must have to load
and discharge their ships. It can easily be seen that this can he done far
more effectively as a federation than
if each individual shipper woro to
make a bargain with the few men
necessary to load his own ship.
Contrariwise, the men who load
the ships have found they can mak'
a better bargain with the employers
wben they are united. When the employer states be does not care whether
a man is union or non-union, the
statement bears on its face its own
What doos an organization of longshore workers mean to Vancouver? It
means that when the shipping Interests tiro doing well the representatives of the men can meet thc employer- and demand that a part of
that prosperity be turned ovor to
them as being the ones who are chiefly Instrumental for tbat prosperity. It
means that when certain conditions
are attempted, the representatives of
the men can go to the employer and
say, "Theso mon are humnn beings.
They will not agree that such-and-
such a condition shall be Introduced
without their consent."
On the other hand, what does the
open shop mean? It means thut no
matter what grievnnce a man has, no
mattor how Justifiable, ho dare not
voice lt, on pain of having his means
of living taken away from him. An
incident which occurred prior to the
men organizing here will illustrate
what the open shop means, The men
could not exist on the wages they
were then receiving. A petition was
circulated among the men requesting
a five cent per hour increase In wages.
The men had been so cowed by re
peated injustice, being sworn at, etc.,
that after signing the petition they did
not have the nerve to present lt, but
deputed one of thoir number to shove
thc petition through the company's
office door In, the dead of night. Such
is tho policy of the open shop; hardly
d policy to be proud of. Tho employ
ers havo thrown down the challenge
of the open shop. The longshoremen
of Vancouver cheerfully take It up,
confident that evory working man of
Men Still Out at Prince Rupert
According to Last
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
rpHE strike situation Is summarized
by the I. L. A. as follows:
Vancouver; The employers have
been able to get between 260 and 300
scabs, but they seem to be quitting as
fast as they get them now, The number of gangs working has remained
practically unchanged for the laBt
week. The scabs are not Improving In
efficiency, but then how can yoii Improve old men of sixty and boyB of sixteen? The longer the strike lasts, the
more money the boss loses.
Victoria: The situation at Victoria
remains unchanged. The Orientals
are still standing clear of all longshore work and the bosses don't seem
to be able to get any more white
Genoa Bay: Everything Is quiet at
Genoa bay.
Chemalnus: Chemalnu* Is In the
same position as they were a week
ago, They still have the same nondescript gang at work, with the one-
armed and stump hooked winch driver, and they are still making money
for the boss at the rate of 15,000 feet
a day.
Nanoose Bay: A ship came into Nanoose bay last Wednesday, and thoy
rustled up a gang of farmers from the
district to work her. Our delegate
doesn't think they are even equalling
the record of Chemainus. Ho puts
their day's toll at about 12,000 feel,
Alberni: Alberni is still tied up as
tight ns a drum. The men there arc
enjoying the hunting.
Fraser Mills: They have built a
bunkhouse on a scow at this point,
but tbey had to come to Vancouver to
flnd any scabs to put into It. The New
Westminster men arc well able to look
after the situation there, and we nre
leaving it to them.
Dollurton: The situation at Dollar-
ton is quiet. There is only a schooner
up thero now, and while no definite information has come from there in the
last few days, our lust report was that
there wns nothing moving.
Prince Rupert: Our last report
from Princo Rupert Is to the effect
taht the men are still out and stnnd-
Ing firm.
Premier   Oliver   Offers Sixty Minion
Acres   for   tlie     Unemployed
of Groat Britain
A recent London cable says that the
taking over by the British government of some of the wealthy but
undeveloped portions of the dominions
as a means of remedying unemployment In Great Britain, waa urged by
Somerville, M. P., ln a apeech at Ascot the other night. Mr. Somerville
said he had Just returned from B. C.
where Premier John Oliver was ready
to place Blxty million acres of suitable
land at the disposal of the imperial
government, lf the people from this
country settled In Britlah Columbia.
Somerville said it would not only relieve the unemployment situation in
England, but would also help home
Mr. Diek Convalescent
The many friends of William Dick,
president of Wm, Dick, limited, will
be glad to learn that he has now almost fully recovered from his reeent
illness. Mr. Dick's condition waa for
some time quite serious, following an
operation ln the general hospital.
Attempts   Being   Blade   Among
British Trade Unions to
Support It
Loses  Oriental  Appeal  Against
the Decision of Canadian
Supreme Court
Labor Banks in the United States
Help   Toilers   Says   the
Machinists' President
Working men who wish to borrow
money with which to build homos
are finding it just as easy to be financed at the labor banks established
in the United States by labor unions,
as business men are financed In ordinary banks, according lo William
H. Johnston, president of the Machinists' International union, who has
been in Vancouver this week. "Our
bank in Washington," said Mr. Johnston, "by advancing money to workers to build better homes, and to improve their conditions in general,
has been of splendid service. Almost
equally important, it has been A
(inanclal success." Thc chief of the
machinists is on his return trip from
the recent convention of tlie American Federation of Lalior at Portland,
and is muking visits to the machinists' unions in Vancouver, Calgary,
Winnipeg nnd other cities in Canada.
Although Mr, Job nst on has boon a
resident of the United States for
many years, ho was born In Nova
Scotia. Ills parents moved to the
Slates when  lie whs  11   years of age.
Two   Finalities on  Waterfront
That longshore work is rightly
classified as an extremely hazardous
occupation, has been well borne out
with two fatal nccidents occurring on
Vancouver's waterfront within a week.
W. E, Frost, a non-union longshoreman, was crushed to death between
the bulkhead nnd the slingloud on
the steamer Berongar at Hastings
mills Tuesday afternoon. R. D. Walker, another strike-breaker, was killed last Friday on the steamer Canadian Winner, when a long plank, unskilfully adjusted on the sllngload,
slipped and virtually knocked the
man's brains out.
Wood,  Wire and  Metal Lathers
With a membership of over 8,000
and 2*11 local unions, the International
lathers report state of employment as
being good.
Vancouver will back them up to tho
limit.    Listen to what the poet Shelly
"Men  of England,  heirs of Glory,
Heroes   of   unwritten   story,
Nurslings  of  one   mighty  mother,
Hopes of her and  one another,"
Do you believe the above refers to
any advocate  of the  conditiona  we
have pictured?   We hardly think so,
Explicit and Blunt Repudiation
of Tariffs as Solution of
Labor Problem
[Labor Press Service]
ATTEMPTS are being made among
*r* the trade unions suffering from
the economic slump to seduce them
from their allegiance to tree trade
principles, The British association
of Textile unions were invited to consider the wisdom of a protective tariff for the woolen trade which It is
alleged is losing orders in the home
market because of the underselling
of French competitors, who, by the
depreciation of the exchanges, can
sell their products more cheaply than
the Bradford manufacturer. . The
association's reply, embodied in a resolution unanimously adopted after
hearing a full statement of tho case
for protection, wus that In its view
protection was not a panacea for unemployment in the textile trade. It
also called for the appointment of a
committee representing equally the
manufacturers, the workers, and the
consuming public, to investigate the
causes of the depression in the textile
trnde. Ben Turnor, M. P., who presided at the meeting, made it clear
afterwards that this resolution was
meant to be an explicit and blunt
repudiation of tariffs as a solution of
the' problems confronting the textile
unions. Their demand is for a
thoroughgoing and searching inquiry,
Including nn examination of the
charges of profiteering.
Judicial Committee Holds Legislation Is in Conflict with
Japanese Treaty
A RECENT London cable states
that the appeal of British Columbia against the decision of the
Canadian supreme court in the case
of the British Columbia attorney-
general against the attorney-general
of Canada relating to the employment
of Japanese labor in Canada was dismissed hy the judicial committee of
the privy council. The main question
of whether the Oriental Orders-in-
council Validation act passed by the
British Columbia lelslatlon in 1921
and orders-in-councll scheduled to
that statute were ln conflict with the
Japanese treaty of 1913, of the dominion parliament and was ultra vires.
The governor-general of Canada ln
November, 1921 referred to the supreme court for its opinion, the question "had the British Columbia legislature authority to enact the Oriental
Odrers-in-council Validation act." The
supreme court, with Justice Brodeur
dissenting In part, answered ln the
negltave. The orders-in-councll provide that in all British Columbia
government leases and concessions,
provision be made that no Chinese
or  Japanese   shall   be  employed.
Has Renewed Agreement Establishing
99 n Day Minimum Scale—Women
Workers In the Industry
A late Washington dispatch Bays
that the upholsterers' union haa renewed agreements establishing $9 a
day minimum scale. The women
workers in this industry have established a union affiliated with the Upholsterers' International union. Women upholsterers' wuges here have
been much lower than women in the
aame Industry elsewhere where organization prevails.
Talk is cheap. That Is wh# they
call lt the gift of the gab.—Vancouver
Oreat Mass of Members Do Not
Take the Claims for It
Very Seriously
Chain of    Clubs to    Mnk    up    Irish
Labor, n  Kvmnrkitble
Remarkable success is attending
lbe efforts of an organization working to promote the development of
social lire nmong Irish labor organisations. Dublin Labor club is already a thriving concern, and the
movement to establish similar clubs
in centres all over tho country Is
growing apace. Membership of these
clubs will bo general, and will, it is
hoped, afford a means of co-ordinating more closely lhe political activities of various units.
State of Trade at Denver
Printers of Denver, Col. have re
ceived an increase in wages. Steel
mills at Pueblo have reduced their
working forces. The Moffat Tunnel
commission have hired men to start
work on thc tunnel. All the clgarmakers are now employed, after an
Idleness of several weeks. The demand for union-labelled goods is
very brisk at this time. City employees are increasing their membership. The ordinance that calls for
the union label on city printing is
being enforced. Also, there Is in force
the ordinance calling for a minimum
wage of $4 per day on all city work.
Teamsters, chauffeurs, truck drivers
and helpers are organizing n new
Manufacturers of roofing tiles In
Sydney, New South Wales, have
formed a combine which has forced
prices up by 40  per cent.
Dhngo. ot a Coiiflustntlon
"Tho smouldering omi-ors of all
tho troubles In 1-iiropo to-day aro fod,
not hy tlio |io__Ioiih of the lioonlc, but,
to a largo oxtent, by .Mosul oil and
rtulir ooal, and hucIi 18 the combustibility of those materials tbnt wo arc
In danger ot a conflagration at any
moment." So says J. U. Scullln, M,
T. for Yarra, Australia.
The cotton boll weevil appeared  In
tho United States In 1892.
Shipping   Federation Refuse to
Accede Five Cents Bonus
for Loading Lumber
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
It has been stated In some quarters
that the general public Is unaware of
the causo of the longshoremen's
strike. Let us repeal: The strike in
this port was caused by the Shipping
Federation refusing to accede to thc
demands of tho men for a five-cent
bonus on lumber, which wns paid in
thin port for many years prior to 1021.
This increase (or restitution) of five
cents per hour, according to the Shipping Federation's own figures, would
amount to ten cents increase por thousand In loading costs. We do not think
lt amounts to that much, but are wilting to let it go at that.
Adjourn and Hold Banquet at St.
Regis Hotel—President
Johnston Attends
The B. C. Machinists District
lodge, No. 78, held a general meeting Wednesday evening In the Labor
Templo, This organizntion comprises
the membership of local lodges, Nos.
182 and 692, und New Westminster,
No. Iii I. President Wm. Clark presided. After transacting routine and
other business, the lodge adjourned
to the large dining-room of the St.
Regis botel, where a sumptuous banquet was held. Among tbe guests
were: International Prealdenl Wm.
H. Johnston, of Washington, D, C.j
A. .1. Crawford, vice-president of
Trades and Labor congress of Canada; R. H. Neelands, M. L. A,; Aid.
Tl. P. Pettipiece; .1. II. McVety, superintendent of B, i*. Employment
Labor bureau, and It. Palmer. The
spacious hall was packed, there being about 200 prosont. President
Clark was toast master, and filled
the position to the satisfaction of all.
The toast to the king being disposed
of, President Clark announced the
toast of Our Guests, whicb was ably
responded to by A. J, Crawford, It.
Palmer, who presided at the piano,
sang a song. .1. T. Brooks proposed
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
council, which was replied to by Secretary Percy Bengough. Hurry Wheal-
croft gave a typical song. International President Wm. H, Johnston, 111
a most interesting speech, covered the
work of the organizntion and its relations to the rest of the labor movement, The Mount Vernon Savings
bank of Washington, D. C, the property ol" the International Machinists,
was a great success. Besides, the
stock or the First National bank of
Washington was controlled by the
machinists. The enjoyable affair terminated  about midnight.
Young  Men   Idle
"No country can afford to have its
young manhood, representing the
greatest wealth of the nation, in idleness. I venture to say that 90 per
cent, of the men who are Idle to-day
arc not Idle through tlieir own choice,
but because the government of the
day will not provide employment for
them. Is thore any reason why employment cannot be found for thom?
There are many great undertakings
which might be proceeded with In
this country that would absorb oil
the unemployed we have," says J. McNeill, M, P. for Wannon, Australia.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Organized Workers Can Provide
Chief Market for Their
Own Prodcts
[Miami Valley Socialist]
T^OR many years a   persistent   and
more or less vigorous campaign
in behalf of the union label has been
a recognized part of the labor move
ment, and few have the hardihood
to question the benefits or logic of the
institution. It would seem that after
all the years that the principle of the
union label has been preached and
accepted without argument or opposition, every member should faithfully
conform to the requirements of the
Institution to make the idea effective.
But'for some reason tbe great mass
of the members do not take the
claims for lhe union label seriously.
Many ardent supporters of the union
emblem have become discouraged at
the membership and are at a loss to
know wherein thc weak link In the
chain of their logic lies. The fact,
that so little trouble, no expense and
no risk nre involved in a strict ad
herance to the support of the union
label idea makes the conduct of many
hard to understand. Only on the
theory that they do not believe in the
effectiveness anti advantage of label
patronage can the consistent viola
tion of this cardinal principle of unionism   lie explained.
Product of I'nloii Lubel
Organized workers establish a rate
of wages, with certain hours and
working conditions. Employers who
meet them must sell the product of
union labor on the market In com
petition with the products of non-union
labor, which usually receives lesi
wages and longer working hours. The
natural assumption is that the pro
ducts of non-union labor will drive
those of union labor off the market
and force ihe union employer out of
business unless the organized workers can produce cheaper than the unorganized can. Assuming that the organized workers cannot meet the
competition of all the various elements
employed by non-union concerns, il 1;
necessary that the beneficiaries of
unionism contribute their purchasinj
power to promote the demand for
union-made articles. . . If the or
ganized workers receive say $10,000,
000 in wages In a year, and thi:
amount is spent for union-labelled
goods, it will to a large extent mak
a markot for their own products. The
incidental effect will bo to encourage
fair employers to bargain with un
Can Provide Chief Market
Of course, the organized work
cannot boy all their own products, but they can provide tl
chief market for such. On the oth<
hand, if union-earned wages at
spent on non-union made articles, bi
cause they are a little cheaper, it
means lhat the union employer will
be crushed, or will have to sell Inferior goorls to meet competition. Tht
employer produces goods for the market and is going to hire tbe cheapest
labor available to produce the articles
for which there is a demand. If
union workers buy non-union goods
It will be only a mutter of time when
non-union workers will be hired in
place of union workers, unless they
submit to wage and working conditions on a par with the unorganized.
It cannot be denied that some union
employers exploit tbe label and Impose
on the loyalty of the union patrons,
but this is in a large extent due to
the scant demand there la for union
labelled goods. .  It Is only because
a small demand prevails that unscrupulous merchants and manufacturers
despoil the customer of union-labelled
I'm lon  I-itlKi   Not a  Panacea
It is claimed by some that the
prices of union-made articles are so
much higher than non-union goods,
that all advantages of organized la
bor arc nullified, and it would be Just
as well to work for less if it must be
all paid out for high priced goods.
This argument does nol state facts,
for only In a small measure are union-
made articles higher than non-union
goods, and tho union worker does not
buv all that he produces. It Is fool
Ish to claim that th<e union label Is a
panacea for all labor's problems,  but
Huge Underground Fort Built
Below Sea-level to Safeguard Oold
Precautions Taken to Protect the
Greatest Hoard in World
by Invading Armies
MEW YORK advices state that the  ,
U. S. government Is building an
underground vault, 85 feet below the
sidewalk and five feet below tidewater in which the bankets will store
up the huge sum of $4,000,000,000 ln
gold specie and Ingots. This hoard
accumulated through profiteering off
the war-torn peoples of Burope is
the greatest treasure ever accumulated
In the hiBtory of the world. It is the
basis of the enormous credit structure by means of which the bankers
dominate the business and industry
of the country while they reach out
to subject the workers ln other
corners of the world. So precious
does this golden wealth seem to the
American Midases that their vault
ls to be 'the greatest thing of Its kind
In the world and the last word In
strength and Invulnerability," to quote
Will Nassau in the Wall Street Journal.. It is built to protect this pile
not against ordinary burglars but
against invading armies. According
to Nassau, in case of riot or invasion,
it would take several weeks to break
into these vaults with the most up-to-
date appliances. ilia description of
the ponderous mechanism devised to
guard this gold shows that we live
under a dynasty which worships gold
as the most valuable thing in the
world. He says: "The three main and
emergency steel . doors . with their
frames, are ten feet thick. These six
doors will be thc heaviest and most
formidable ever built and.are designed
to provide adequate protection for the
four billions of cosh and securities
that will be lodged In thc vaults continuously. The main doors with
frames weigh 230 tons each. The
emergency doors weigh 185 tons each.
The doors may bc described as solid
metal cylinders nine feet- and eight
feet in diameter, pierced,with a passageway. The front walls of tho
vaults are of relnforoed concrete,
ten feet thick. The surrounding
walls are eight feet ' In" thickness.
Adding to the security Is the fact that
on the outside of this eight feet of
concrete there is water, so that approach from there could only be made
by means of protected metal casing,
such as used In tunnel construction
under the river. In the.lower vault
will be stored the gold, coin, bullion
and silver; tbe middle vault will contain currency while the upper level
will be devoted to the storing of
Atlmlro Portland Temple
Visitors to the Portland convention
of lhe American Federation of Labor
bave been extravagant ln thdlr praise
of the local Labor Temple., which has
been declared the finest' labor temple
in   tho   United   Slates..
Sleeping Car Comltit-tors
The sleeping car Conductors of
Canada and the V. S.-have 40 local
unions, and a membership of _!,300.
Slate of Hade fair. There Is a mortuary benefit of $1,000..     ,    '
[nterlor decorating is n .profession
in which more than 300 women In
tho   Unltod   States   are   now   earning
substantial Incomes.
McMurray Wins Easily in North
Winnipeg Bye-election—
Heaps Second
I Special to The Foderationist]
Winnipeg, Man., Oct. 23.—With
three labor candidates In the Held,
lighting one another, and thereby losing support from many disgusted labor sympathizers, and with both old
parties strongly unitod behind lion E.
J. McMurray, the latter easily won
the bye-election yesterday in the
North Winnipeg constituency. McMurray polled 5643 voltes, while Mr.
HeapB, his nearest competitor, obtained 2810. The other two .labor candidates lost their deposits.-'
Hanks Don't Fall in China
In China, when a barfk fails they
behead the hanker. Only one bank
bas failed in China in 400 years.
They punish a prof Veer, by, making
him stand In front of, his place of
business, ringing a bell and holding
a banner that advertises his crime.
Hritish   Immigration
Immigration Into Canada from Oreat
Britain during the five months ending
in August totalled 46,563, an Increase
of 142 per cent, as compared with tho
corresponding period  Inst yenr.
it is a contributing pnrt in the building up of the labor movement which
must employ many methods to achievo
its full and final solution. PAGE TWO
FRIDAT, October 28, 19]
British Columbia Federa'ionist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business  Office:   1120 Howe  Street
Editorial Offlce: Room 306—310 Pender W.
Editorial Board: I'. It. Bengough, R. H. NecJ*
 anda, Qgorgg Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for Bix months; to UnionH sub*
scribing in a body, 16c per niembor per
Unity of Labor:
The Hope of tbe World
 October 26,   1923
((rpHJH   world   is   undoubtedly   In   a
1 bad way. Instead of thc peoples
drawing- together, as we hoped they
would after tlie war, the tendencies
are the othor way; the passions which
the war hns let loose are slill rampant everywhere, and if thero wus a
timo when a helping hand was needed
by tho worl^d, and Burope especially,
it is now."
In these words General Smuts, with
characteristic force, describes the general situation as it exists today—a
world torn and distracted by the
forees of reaction and economic
greed. But while the dangerous and
widespread consequences are generally appreciated, there is not an equal
understanding of the causes.
The London Times writes that
"whether intentionally or not, French
pplicy ts encompassing the collapse of
Germany." That is true, but It Is only
part of the truth. The French are at
least logical,, however unwise or unjust their policy may be. It is on thu
whole strictly in harmony with the
spirit underlying the Versailles treaty,
which was really more concerned with
punishing Germany than with the "establishment of justice, peace and liberty in the politics of Europe and of
the world." The collapse of Germany
would be a sufficient peril ln itself,
but the danger of collapso is not limited to Germany. There is a danger of
the collapso of thc whole of Europe,
and this is one of thc natural consequences of the peace treaty. Referring to the question of fostering lnter-
empire trade. General Smuts declared
that "it will naturally take many
. years before the British empire could
take the place of Burope In your
trade. In the meantime you will have
to carry all your burdens; you have
to carry ttie present Internal burdens
and also to carry thc weight of this
intolerable external debt to United
Stutes. It Is clear to mc you will not
be able to do it unless peuceful conditions are restored to Europe."
In other words, relief from the present oppressive Industrial, social and
financial hardships Is dependent upon
the restoration of normal political
and economic conditions throughout
According lo thc Labor Press Service, this has long boen the view of
tho British labor party, which has
given expression to it on scores of occasions, Now we find one of the dominion prime ministers confirming in
clear and unmistakable terms what
labor has constantly pressed upon the
attention of the home government.
Escape there must be unless disaster
is to overtake all. Neither France
nor the other allies, either severally
or jointly, can safely seek "to perpetuate the Incidence of the punitive
clauses of thc treaty of Versailles."
It Is not merely a caso of altering
the letter of the treaty, but of drastically changing thu spirit in which lt
was framed. Neither the reparations
problem nor any of the other large
questions whieh are contributing to
tho gravo unsettlempnt in Europe
can be settled by force. Nor cnn the
peace of Europe be guaranteed either
by the military domination of France
allied to client states or by lhe division of Europe into two camps on tho
basis of the balance of power. It Is
not by fierce rivalries but by cordial
co-operation through the league of nations that the way of escape will be
found from the chaos and disorder!,
of tho times, declares the Labor
Press Service.
As the Times slates, "If the league
that Is already a full league—the British common woalth of nations—wete
to stand solid behind the League of
Nations, then the covenant might yet
come to be the charter of Hritish foreign policy, and constitute a surer
basis than any principlo of balance"
for the establishment and mnlnton-
.ancc of world peace.
Proposals  for  Readjustment  of
Basis Correlated with the
Gost of Living
Don Quixote and His Faithful
Servant Tilt with Capitalism
Other Claims Made to Obviate
Differential Rates for Some
[Labor Press Service]
PROPOSALS for a readjustment of
the basis upon whicli wages in
In the building trades are correlated
with the rise and fall of the cost of
living havo been put forward by the
National Federation of Building Trade
Operatives, and will bc considered at
the statutory meeting of the National
Wages and Conditions council at the
beginning of next year. Sliding
scale adjustments, at the rato of %d.
an hour for every rise of 5% points,
jare made at present on the flgure
fixed In April, 1921, which was taken
at 170 abovo the pre-war figure outside London, and ltil'A for London itself. The operatives now propose that
the base should be changed to 148
for all districts outside London, and
I4i_ % for the London area. The effect
of the change would be to give the
operatives an increase of 2d. an hour
In the base rate upon which the sliding scalo adjustments to the cost of
living index are made. Other claims
are made to obviate differential rates
for some craftsmen in the building
trades, and for the payment of tool
Smoker in O'Brien Hall Enjoyable Social Event—Music,
Mirth and Mystery
On Friday evening, Vancouver jewellers entertained the members of
their various staffs to a most enjoyable smoker in the O'Brien hall. Both
the wholesale and retail trude joined
in the big family gathering, held under the auspices of the Canadian Jewellers' Association. President Thos. A.
Lyttleton wielded the gavel of authority and kept his party in tlie best of
good order throughout the long, pleasant evening. Long before 9 o'clock,
clouds of azure incense floated upward of 125 members of the trade
worshipped at the shrine of Bacchus.
A jewellers' orchestra, under the baton
of A. Manzlnoja, opened with "O
Canada," whieh was heartily sung by
ail, seated at the tables. Music was
one of the features of the programme,
in which this twenty-piece orchestra
was quite prominent. Mr, O. B. Allan
gave a racy account of his experiences
with the board of trade party on their
recent visit to Europe; Harry McKel-
vio relieved himself of some
good stories, and Frank Eraser mystified with his conjuring feats, Other
contributions to the programme were
Messrs. R. C. Manning, F, M. Ptunque,
Lome P. Mcintosh, Dr. J. Wright,
Jimmio Todd, H. J. Hobson, Edward
Jackson and A. Manzlnoja. The storytelling competition, confined to the
trade, drew out some good reconteurs;
so successful were they that the
judges were unable to select ihe winner, with the result that all shared In
tbe prize. The prize drawing also provided lots or amusement, one of the
orchestra carrying off a plump rooster
as the premier prize. There was plenty
eat In the way of sandwiches,
crackers and cheese; there were like-;
wise plenty of cigars and cigarettes, '
and any one who suffered from a painful lack oT moisture In his throat, had
himself to blame, The thanks of the
smokers are due to the wholesale
members oG the trade, who assisted
prodigally in providing tlie refreshments. As secretary-treasurer, A.
Fraser Held looked closely after the
material comforts of the smokers. In
tbis he was ably assisted by a committee, consisting of Al. Carruthers,
convener; O. B. Allan, W. M. Carson,
E. Chant, Alex. Waters and S, Albert.
The smoker, the first social function
hold by the jewellers, was certainly a
most happy event.
Whflt, Mnkes Bolsheviks
''There is Homethltig wrong with
system which will not allow a man
to feed his children," says G, E. Yates,
Mi P.. Adelaide. "What inducement
is offered to a man to marry and
bring children. Into the world lf he
is compelled to live in the constant
dread of their starving? They are
bone of his hone, flesh of his flesh,
and their sufferings affect him more
keonly than anything else,
the spirit of revolt."
[New York Leader]
[Note.—This new adventure of the
sentimental, old knight kills rather
effectually the notion'that the economic system under which we live Is the
best of all possible systems und that
It provides every ono with an equal
opportunity. Don Quixote thought
so until ho learned better. But he
had still another lesson to learn. Tilting alone, he succeeded only in smashing a window.—Ed.]
That is
Australian Immigrants
"The labor party have no objection
to as many immigrants as can be
brought here, provided they are of
the right type, and that provision is
made for them bofore arrival. We
should we that tho States make available tho most suitable land on reasonable and proper torms, and that
lt Is not overloaded with costs before
It Is occupied, ho that there may he a
reasonable chanco for the new settler,"
says L. I*. Cunningham, M, P. for
Gwydlr,  Australia.
Old People Held    lu    Great    Uesput
Among KskliiMM and Their Counsel
Is  Always   t'-.iislilt-ivri
Old poople are held in great respect among the Eskimo, and their
counsel Is always considered. They
help as far as thoy are able ln the
household work, the old men repairing weapons, harness, etc., and the
old women In sewing anil lending the
lamps. In limes of scarcity, as ln
winter, meal and oil Is always shared
around. Directly a seal or deer Is
hrought In it Is cut up and sent to
h needy family. In times of plcn
ty each family is supposed to provide for itself, but old people, widows and orphans have always the
flrst elalm upon those who have the
means. Among these people mutual;
kindness is a general obligation. A
widow or orphan child Is nover loft
alone, but taken into the house and
family circle of the nearest relative,
Tho widow gives her services In return for food and lodging and clothing, and the child is cared for exactly
as the man's own offspring.
linkers of Lyons
Lyons bakers (wiys a message from
Paris) have for the flrst time In the
history of Fronch trade unionism won
the right to a weekly day of rest, und
shops will  he closed on Mondays,
Tho Jenian caves of Australia are
lightod hy olectricity.
'THE day was bright and glorious.
Don Quixote looked out upon the
fair prospect. "It Is time," quoth he,
"for me to go forth ln quest of adventures." Ho summoned the faithful Sancho Panza to his presence.
"Faithful Sancho," said he. "do you
wish to be made governor of some
fair island?"
"That I do," replied the faithful
squire. "It is now a long time since
first you promised to make me the
absolute ruler of an island, but no
Island am  I ruler of yut."
Don Quixote laid his finger sagely
across his nose. "Sancho," he whispered, " you and I will go In quest of
adventures together."
"And what good will that do you or
me," asked the squire.
"By my faith," replied Don Quixote, "you must know that In this
world we all have equal opportunities,
and that there is a career open to
Sancho Panza looked dubious.
"Faith, master," replied he, "I have
heard a different story of late years."
Don Quixote became stern. "What
do  you   say?"   he   demanded.
"My good master," quoth Sancho
Panza, "I am told that much of what
you have said to me concerning equality of opportunity Is all moonshine."
Don Quixote grew more and more
stern. "My friend," declared he, "let
me tell you that those who deny the
equality of opportunity which exists
are base deceivers. It Is as true as
that the sun is shining that all may
succeed  if they only try."
Sacnho Panza had his doubts, but
he  refrained   from  expressing  them.
Don Quixote hastened to saddle and
bridle his faithful "Uosinanto," while
Sancho Panza prepared hls faithful
ass for a long journey. When all
was made ready the two sailed out
of their native village. They proceeded for many miles, refreshed at
intervals with the contents of the
wallet of Sancho Panza. Suddenly
they came  to a large  factory.
"Ha!" said Don Quixote, "here we
have one of those sublime institutions
which exist for the the benefit of
mankind. Here, my friend, will we
be afforded nn opportunity to labor
and to win some of
the world."
Again Suncho Panza hnd his doubts,
but he repressed them. Don Quixote
sallied boldly up to the door of the
establishment, and called in a loud
voice: "What, ho! within." No attention was paid to this demonstration. Don Quixote renewed his observations, and for a time the noise
he mado was excessive; but as ho received no reply he resolved to adopt
extreme measures. Ho first thrust
his lance through the offlee window,
where the bookkeeper was engaged
In casting up the accounts, The
window was promptly broken, and
the head of the firm came out to seo
what was the  matter.
"Ha!" cried Don Quixote, "I behold the head of the firm, do I not?"
Tho head of the firm looked in
amazement at the strange flgure before him. He wus too astonished to
make a  reply.
"I come," declared Don Quixote,
finding that he could extract no remarks from the head of the Arm;
"I come In order to get some advantages out of the social system under
which we live." Still no reply from
the head of*, the Arm. "I am well
aware," pursued Don Quixote, "that
the rewards of Industry are great.
Nothing is denied to those who are
willing to be provident and Industrious,
and as a consequence I offer you my
services, well knowing that our capitalistic system ls tho glorious privilege-roll of those endowed with capacity and  energy."
The head of tbe Arm had by this
time satisfied his curiosity, und he
returned to tho offlce, after flrst hinting to the watchman thai his vigilance might he necessary, Don
Quixote was very indignant at this
discourtesy on the part of the capital
"I will be revenged!" ho cried.
This threat plunged Sancho Panzo
Into the most violent alarm. "My
master," he Implored, "do not indulge
in any antics hore. This Is a factory,
and as they will not give you a Job
you had better try some other place."
Don Quixote turned reproachfully
toward his Squire. "My good Sancho,"
ho said, "behold how woefully you mls-
! understand tho situation! It behooves
me to vindicate the character of our
social system."
"I would advise you to be careful,"
said Sancho Panza. "That wutch-
man looks as if he meant business,"
"So do I mean business," shouted
Don Quixote. "I maintain that all
who wish tho opportunity to labor
and who are Industrious can mako a
living. This capitalist casts a foul
aspersion upon our social system by
his practical denial of the principle
upon which society rests,"
Without more ado Don Quixote un-
couched his lanco. He hacked "Ros-
lnanto" a good distance, and prepared to charge,
"For heaven's sake, good master,"
pleaded Sancho Panza, "do not get us
all into trouble."
Don Quixote paused. "Squire Sancho," said he, "if I am ever to reward you as richly as I *ave promlsod,
I mUHt avail myself of tho many oppor
tunities of earning wealth whieh out-
social  system  presents  to  the  poor."
This argument was not without
its weight with Sancho Panza, who
said no more, but awaited the issue
of events.
The watchman had as yet gazed
upon the antics of Dou Quixote in
silence. "What is the matter with
this fellow?" he now asked Sancho
"This is Don Qnixotu de la Man-
cba," replied the squire. "He is going
about tho world to make his fortune
through the many opportunities
offered to a poor man."
"Well, he can't make his fortune
here," said the watchman. "He must
try   somewhere   else."
"That's what they tell us where-
over wo go," replied Sancho Panza,
By this timo Don Quixote had
rushed full lilt upon the office window.
His steed "Kosinate," plunged halfway through the sash and the glass
flew In all directions. This drew un
immense    crowd. The    workmen
hurried forward and lifted the horse
and Its rider from their perilous position. The head of the firm was wildly excited, and was about to have Don
Quixote arrested. But the watchman
whispered in the ear of the head of
thc firm that Don Quixote was a madman, who had read so much In books
of political economy that he hud
actually como  to  believe   them.
Has Shown Itself Trivial, Useless
and Ridiculous, Says H.
0, Weils    '
That the league of nations should
bo scrapped, Is the opinion of H. G.
Wells. Interesting extracts of an article of his on the subject follows:
"It Is perhaps desirable that I
should answer these criticisms and
state a little moro explicitly why I
think this affair at Geneva is worse
than no league of mankind at all. I
do not think It can ever develop into
a serviceable organ for world civilization, because 1 think that It was planned from the outset upon the wrong
lines and that it Is as reasonable to
support It In the hope of Its growing
to meet the world's needs as it would
be to buy a broken-down perambulator in the hope that it would presently
develop into a much needed automobile.
"If half a dozen of tho bigger political systems of tho world, or even two
the wealth of or three, could get together to sustain
a common monetary standard, a common transport control, a common law-
court, a tariff union, a mutual defense
system and a common guarantee of
disarmament, they would achieve
something beyond the uttermost possibilities of this Geneva affair. I contend that instead of there being no alternative to the league of nations, tho
way would open quite naturally to
such alternatives, directly it was
cleared out of the way. It would, for
instance—if only on account of the
United States—be much easier to set
up a great international court of jus-
tice, with proper sanctions, without
the league than with It
"It  Is  not as though  the  prosent
All  Work in Connection Therewith Is Done Voluntarily-
Controlled by Board
[By Mi's. H. L. Bayley]
Many are asking in Vancouver, what
is this fund; what are its aims, and
what has it accomplished? Let me
tell you. The case of a little, crippled
girl from Hornby island was brought
to the notice of the women of the Centrnl Park Women's Institute. At the
time sho was lying In the goneral hospital away from hor friends, who
could not afford to stay ln Vancouver
during the long months of her Buffering. The institute took the case in
hand. The membors visited her and
voted $26 for her personal needs. They
look the place, as far as tbey could,
of the absent mother, with the loving
attention which the good woman gives
to the helpless child.
An investigation revealed tho fact
that thero wero many sueh necessitous cases slowly but surely developing
through lack of means on the part of
the parents, Into permanent and unhappy cripples. To these women such
a state of things could no longer be
tolerated. They started their fund, by
flrst sending out an appeal to all the
women's institutes of British Columbia, To the infinite credit of these women ,a generous response followed; In
three or four months over $700 were
received. A more general appeal Is
now being sent out in the hope that
tho response will be as spontaneous
and as generous, it being the earnest
desire of the founders of this fund to
succor every necessitous crippled child
In this province. They feel that a govornment and people who have acted
with such generosity, to the Japanese,
in the time of their tribulation, cannot
pass over their own helpless and silent
sufferers, the necessitous crippled
children, and callously leave them to
their fate.
The crippled child Is more sensitive
of its disfigurement and disablement
than of its sufferings; that is, to many
of us, the most pathetic part of the
sad picture. I should like to show
you photographs which the founders
of this fund havo, showing patients
before and after treatment; the cause
of that sensitiveness and the joy of
restoration would be forcibly revealed
to you. Thc diseases which lt has been
our privilege to help to ellevlate Include; Tubercular hip, clubbed and
crippled hands, bow legs, distortions
caused by malnutrition and infantile
paralysis. The fund has only been In
existence since last April; already sixteen necessitous cases have been treated with good results. Deformed feet
nnd hands havo been straightened as
far as human skill could do so; Incurable cases have been ameliorated by
massage and by instruments applied
to mitigate the effects of the disease,
and to givo comparative ease to the
tortured bodies. All the work connected with this fund, with the exception of the doctor's, is dono voluntarily, the only othor expenses being postage -ind stationery.
The working of the scheme ls controlled by .a board of directors, composed of residents and other well-
known women of local institutions.
The money received i$ banked in
trust at the Bank of Commerce, Robson and Granville streets. The secre-
tory-tieasurer is Mrs. H. L. Bayley,
4328 Rupert street, Vancouver, who
would be glad to supply further Information and to acknowledge any donations, great or small.
In conclusion, I should like to state
league had accumulated any honor or
prestige during Its four years of life ' that Lady Byng of Vlmy, tho first ludy
in Geneva. In the case of the Polish
attack on Russia, In the case of the
Greek aggressions on Turkey, In regard to the occupation of the Ruhr,
the murderous bombardment of Corfu
and the stealing of the Greek deposit
by the council of ambaassdors to bribe
the Italians to evacuate Corfu, it has
shown Itself trivial, useless and ridiculous. It Is either silent beforo such
outrages or it speaks with a quavering
voice and nobody listens. It is a blind
alley for good intentions; It Is a weedy
dump for all the weaknesses of European liberalism. Ils past is contemptible und the briefer Its future the
better for mankind."
of Cnnada, has given her gracious recognition of our fund by a handsome
donation, and by a kindly-worded
message of sympathy with the suffering children and encouragement to
use In our efforts to help them.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Disappears u  if by  magic  when
is used. Oaa palm, acid stomach, aoiir
stoinach, burning and aU after-eating dls-
trcsd rolleved In two miuutes. All Drag
ia the most convincing. Get to know
by peraonal experience that the nice
thingi we say about "Cascade" Beer
are not exaggerated. Prove to yourself that this IS the finest beer brewed
in the west, that it IS a most delightful
tonic to mind and body, a bringer of
good cheer and content
Order a supply of "Cateade"
today. _ On tale at all Government Liquor Storei.
This advertisement ia not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government_o_ British Columbia.
Store Open„ at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
A Complete New Stock of
Flannelette Underwear
for Women    *
Ready Here at Moderate Prices
NIGHTGOWNS, in open front or slipover style,
long or short sleeve and trimmed wth embroidery,
hemstitching, lace edging or colored bindings; all
sizes, including the extra large, at if 1.75 to $3.50.
PVJAMAS, two-piece style, in white or striped
flannelette, in pink, blue or orchid, trimmed with
silk frogs; all sizes, at $2.75 to $5.95.
KNICKERS, with elastic at waist and finished with
clastic frill at knee—85^ and $1 a pait
PETTICOATS, trimmed with colored braid or hemstitched frill, at 80^ and f 1.15.
—Drysdale's Lingerie Shop, Second Floor
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
Tho Story of an Operation
There are several distinctly good
stories In the recently published "Reminiscences" of George H, Hani. Here
is one of them. He underwent a serious operation, und on losing consciousness his last thought was, "This Is
eternity." "When I recovered from
the effects of tho opiate, I found myself In a darkened room, and wondered where I was and what It was all
about. The kindly-featured nurse
quickly discovered that my consciousness had returned, and camo to my
bedside, and then I remembered
everything. 'But why this dark room>
It was early morning when they operated on mo, but now it can't be night.'
'No, it isn't,' she seriously responded,
'but we wero afraid of the shock you
might get.' 'Why, what shock?' 'Well
there was a big flre just across the
street, and wo were afraid if you
awoke, and saw the flames, you might
think that the operation hadn't been
Economy Prices on
Ladies' Winter Attire
YOU know that 'Famous' prices on indies'
ready*tu-wcnr garments aro always, value
for value, the lowest in town. Hut do you
know "Why? It'n because the 'Famous'
mako nil their own garments in their own
factory and sell direct to their customers,
cutting out all middle profits. You can't
help saving  at  tho  'Famous.'
Famous *%&%£%-
Drugless Healing
THE marvellous results wo are hav*
Ing with onr NEW TREATMENT
Is very gratifying, both to oursejves
and our patients.
If they had, they would rfot know
how to use It; lt Is tho result of
years of study and research, and wo
aru the only ones who have the equipment to givo It. This treatment could
not be explained, mn Is it possible for
every one to givo It, nor will it he put
Into thc hands of anyone who is not
thoroughly tralnod to give It-—and
that taxes years.
If YOU aro Interested, wo will bo
pleased to show YOU If YOU make at.
appointment—not otherwise as our
time Is fully occupied. We _.>.]_ YOU
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard  Bank  Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
We represent the American University
of Sanipraetic, Seattle, Wash.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Balldinf
837 Haitian St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B. 0.
Telephone!: Seymonr 8608 ud 6887
Ring np Phone Seymour 23*14 |
for appointment
Dr. W, J. Curry]
Sulw   301   Dominion   Building ]
1160 Oeorgia street
Sunday services, 11 R.m. and 7-30 p.n
Sunday    achool    Immediately    followliJ
morning service.    Wedneaday  testimonlj
meeting,   8   p.m.     Free   reeding
901-903 Birks Bldg.
K. F. Harrison S. A. Pel
' Phone Faii-mono fig
TTAVE you ever luul a real drlnl
*■*■ of Pure Apple Cider during tlf
last few years?
To meet the desires of many client!
we have Introduced rocontly a pure del
sparkling apple cider in pint bottlcf
either puro sweet or governmont regull
tlon 2% hard apple elder. These drinj
are absolutely pure and free from
carbonic acid gns or preservatives
any nature. Write or phone your ordfl
today, Highland 00.
Older Manufacturers
1956 Commercial Drive, Vancouver; B.
Cigar Store]
The Oliver Roor
Everything Modern
Rutea Reasonable
"A Good Place to Eat"
The living voice affects menl
more   than   what   they   read."-
Pliny, the Younger.
V"°tfR "Ice conducts your buslneil
** Directions that you give pericl
ally aro quickly and accurately execT
ted, because your associates cann]
fall to understand. Each Inflectlif
has a meaning for thom.
Remember the telephone when _\
would confer with those interest!
with you in business. Do not trufl
the cold written word—send yol
voice, yourself by long distanco tell
Tw* Short Worda, Bridling the Otsit Between
Hin ,n pnt.«te_ j—ml' m_ year Iw-Ur aealtut eaat aa «urgnn.
witk • MTINOa AOOOmiT—1_. mm! mhakl. Au_l t seta eaa ante tal
tt. "BAIHT BAT."
Wt MM MOLT BIOMOI-MD ,n ta etttt ink u HWUl AT O1I01,
ftt on. ol nt Olty Btmo-M.
 at., i. bhium, Hu-fu
ttth An. _____ _a_ lt_Uw»r
0_Mot» Ud AMkH' Main a
Union Bank of Canad.
P.B.—If ron He llvteg In a eomanntty aot provided witk Banking faeillttea, «'■
dreee ne by meU, aid we will he fled to (iMo yea la retpeet to "Bank tag br lhtLif FRIDAY October' 26, 1923
The Road to
IS by way of safe methods, superfine materials, conscientious work
and fair charges. My training,
study and experience, my completely equipped office, my skilled staff
of dental nurses and assistants, ensure all those things.
Let mo estimate on any dental work you
require. An examination and advice dr.
not obligate you to take treatment. My
fees are now lower than ever, ami with
ull work I givo a
My methods of treatment
are such that the most
sensitive person feels perfectly at oase. The most
Painless Methods
are used in every Instance,
I specially feature
Expression Plates
Crowns end Bridgework
at most moderate charges,
Pyorrhoea Treatments
Dentil X-Bay Films anl
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly member of tho Faculty of the College of Dentistry, University of
Southern California; lecturer on Crown and Bridgework; demonatrator in
Plate work and Oporativo Dontlstry, looal and general anaesthesia.
602 Hastings Street West (Cor. Seymour)
Phone, Seymour 3331       Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
Council — President, R. H. Neelanda, M.
L. A.; general aeoretary, Percy R. Bengoqgk,
Offlco* 308, 310 Pender St. Weat. Phone Sey.
7495. Meeta ln Labor Hall et 8 p.m. on
the flrst and third Tuesdays In month.
Meets eecond Monday in the month.    Preaident, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Ncol-
ands. P. 0. Box 66.	
dova Street West—Business meetlnge
every Wednesday evening. A, Maclnnis,
chairman; E. U, Morrison, eeo-treas.; Geo.
D. Harrison, 1162 Parker Street, Vancouver,
~l. 0., corresponding aeoretary.
Any district in British Columbi* desiring
Information re securing speakers or the for*
l nation of local branches, kindly communicate
with provincial Secretary J, Lyle Telford,
524 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Telephone Seymour_1832, or Fairmont 4B33
second Thursday every month, 319 Pender
Street   West.      President,    J,   Brightwell;
financial secrotary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
Avo. East. i ______________
i      AL  Union of  America—Local   120,   Van-
i  couver, B. C„ meets second and fourth Tuesdays in each month In Room 313—ai9 Pen<
dur Street Weet.    President, C. E. Herrett,
71 Hastings   Stroet  East;   aecreUry,  A.  R.
Jani, 320 Camblo Street.    Shop phone, Sey.
2702.    Residence phone, Doug, 2171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help*
ers   of America,   Local   194—Meetinga   first
and third Mondays in each month.    President, P. Willis; secretary, A, Fraser.   Offlee:
Room 303—319 Pondor Street West.    Office
houra, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.	
bricklayers  or   maeona   for  boiler  works.
etc.,   or  marble setters,   pbone   Brieklayera'
Union,. Labor Temple
I     TERS and Joiners, Local 452—President,
K. W. Hatley; recording socretary, W. Page;
business agent, Wm.  Dunn.    Offico:    Room
304—319 Pender Street West. MeetB second
,  and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,  Room 5,  319
Pender Street West
renin*r  i.uwi   ■ ,■.■,-.
and third Fridays in each month, «t 143 Cnr-
- dova Streot West.   President, David Cuthlll,
2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.	
Steam  and  Operating,   Local   844—Moots
every Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 307 Labor
Tomplo,   President, J. Flynn; business agent
, and financial socretary, F. S- Hunt; recording
■ secretary, P. Hodges.	
■ President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
secretary, C.  A.  Watson,  No.  3  Firehall.
every flrat aud third Monday in room 312—
319 Ponder Street West. President, J, R.
Hawthorne; financial secretary, A. Padgham,
Joyce Hoad Post Office, Vancouver, B. O.j
recording secretary, G. Tether, 2249—45th
At*. East, Vancouver, B. 0
. Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
'Meets flrst and third Wednesdays at 2:30
Second   and   fourth   Wednesdaya   at
II 8:30 p.m. Executive board meets every
Tueaday at 8 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar*
i business agent, A, Graham.    Phone Seymour
1 of Steam and Oporating, Local 882—
I Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Ronm
f 302 Labor Tomple. President, Charles Pr'ce;
I business agent and financial secretary, F. L.
1 Hunt;    recording secretary,  J. T,   Venn,
MACHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
George; secretary, J. G. Keefe; business
agont, P. R. Bongough. Offico: 309, 819
Pondor Street West. Meets In Room 318—
819 Pendur Stroet West, on flrst and third
Thursdays In month.	
MACHINISTS LOCAL ti 92—Preaident, Ed.
Dawson; seoretary, R. Hirst; business
agent, P. R. Bengough. Office: 809—319
Pendor Street West. Meets in Room 8—
819 Pender Street West, on second and 4th
Tuesdays In month.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
Moose Hall,   Homer  Street, aecond   Sunday,
19 a.m.   President, Ernest C. Miller, 991
Xelson Street; secretary,  Edward Jamleson
991 Nelson Street; flnanelal secretary, W. E.
.Williams,  991   Nelson   Street;   organiser,   F.
Iflatchcr, 991 Nelson Street.	
TORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
1138, Vanoouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova Street Wost. Phone,
[Sey. 8510.    Business Agent, H. D. Collard
tq-.J. ---„. ~ „  —  
_, Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meete at
1112 Hastings Street West every Friday, at 8
Jp^rn^jJas. Thompson, financial secretary.
Cordova St. West, P. 0. Box 571. Pbone
3cy. i!708.    Meetings every Monday at 7:30
!-).m. J. Pearson, business agent. 
0.—-Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 8rd
Friday of each month at headquarters. 81B
Cordova Street West. Prosldent, P. Gillespie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, addreaa 31B Cor
dova Street West. Branch agent's address;
Goorge Faulkner, 578 Johnson Stroet, Vic
iorto. B. 0
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meets
K. P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
3rd Mondaya at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Preildent, F, A, Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
recording secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—Oth
Ave. East.; treasurer, A. F, Andrew; financial secretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 166—17th Ave. W, Offlee, eorner Prior
and Main Streets,    Phone Fairmont 4604Y
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Education Among Workers
"Any improvement brought about ln
the conditions of the workers results
In the uplift of the general community. Education among the working
classes Is world-wide nowadays, and
lt Is a mistaken policy to refrain from
putting to the best use the knowledge
thot the working people possess."—
Senator Gardlnor (New South Wales.)
Orpheum Has Splendid Bill
Music lovers havo a rare treat in
store at the Orpheum theatre, in the
new vaudeville bill opening Wednesdny night, Oct. 31. The headline offering is Henee Robert with the Giers-
Doif symphonlsts, an uct embracing
tlie best to be obtained in symphonic
music and dancing. There are ten ln
lhe orchestra. Other very attractive
hcadiiners are Lydell and Macy In a
comedy skit, "Old Cronies." It Is nn
appealing bit of reminiscing between
two old pals, and Is based for success
on splondld character acting. Harry
Jolson, brother of the famous AI. Jol-
sotv, Is a comedian par excellence, with
an exceptionally line voice of operatic
timbre. Miss Venlta Gould also is a
very clever impersonator, with a natural gift for mimicry, which she uses to
great advantage. The Flying Hart-
wells are athletic performers whose
stunts are done upon a double swinging rope In a most sensational manner. They are on their first Americnn
continent tour. The Yong WonK
lirothers are Oriental jugglers developed to a high degree. Tbe usual attractive pictures and concert orchestra numbers complete this exceptionally line bill.
Last Tim. Saturday Night
Mll__l_lt ft MACK
Matlwi, Thnrg. Frl. and Sat.
And   <_-_]_3-D_B.   8YMPHONI3TS
Oen. Kpily's Comedy—
"THE WEAK SPOT1'       	
Attractlv. Plcturea  Concert Orche«tra
Popular Prlcea
Book Begular
Seymour 862
America, Local No. 178—Meeting, hold
■rat Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Preal.
dent, A. R. Oatenby; .leeprejldent, Mri.
Dolk; recording aeeretary, 0. McDonald, P.
0. Boa EOS; (Inanelal lecretary, P. MoNelah.
P. 0. Boa 808.
ATION—Meote at 091 Kelvin Street, at 11
a.m. on the Tueaday preceding the let Sun*
day of the month. Preaident, E. A. Jamie*
eon, 091 Nelaon St.; Secretary, 0. fl. Wll*
llama, 891 Ne'i-ti Bt ; Bnalneaa Agont, P.
Fletcher, 991 Nelion St.
dent, R. P. Pettlpleeo; Ttce*jm>ildent. J.
M. Bryan; aecretary-treaaurer, R. H. Nee*
landa, P. 0, Box 08. Meeta lait Snnday of
each month at 3 p.m. In Labor Hall, 819
Pender Stroet Weit. __
, UNION. No. 418—Preildent, 8. D. Maedonald, leoretary-treainrer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 889. Meeta laat Thuraday of each
Pender Street Weit.     Builneia meetinga
.▼ery lit and Srd Wedneiday every month.
Boost for
The Fed.
oen circulation is
M. CirpiixUlf, cormjendlng BtenUrr;   G
Tether,   flnanelal   secretary
brunch •rgtn.ier.
J.    Halliday,
HR. CURRY addressed a good-sized
audience last Friday, ln W. P. halt,
303 Pender street west, on the above
subject, the chieC authorities being
Herbert Spencer, Grant Allan, author
of "The Evolution of the Idea of God,"
and Lester Ward's "Dynamic Sociology."
The latter, in his review of "Spencer's Ghost Theory," says "one of the
greatest demands of the ages has been
a genesis of religion. "The philosopher has long observed that just as
knowledge haa increased, religious
tendencies have disappeared. Many
ut the greatest and best men have now
nearly, or quite wholly, renounced belief ln any religious system."
Lester Ward agrees with tho majority of scientists that religion is based
on "belief In spiritual beings, on life
after death." Ward tells us that Herbert Spencer's ghost theory has given
us a key to the problem, "how has religion been Introduced Into the
world?" If man, as science now affirms, evolved from the lower animals,
thero must have been a time when
there was no Ideas of a spiritual existence, and therefore no religion. Religion, stated tho speaker, start-id
from man's desire to understand his
surroundings, to reason from effects
to causes, and because of this, it maybe said, that the first ideas of our primitive ancestors regarding the cause
of things, thousands of years ago, may
be also observed today among the
primitive tribes of various countries,
When our forebears had evolved to
that stago of mentality where they
postulated ghosts, or Bplrlts, to account for forms, and forces surrounding them, they gave us the germs of
philosophy and science, and also of
religion, as Ward says, "the religion
and philosophy of the savage are one,
before he had religious Ideas, he had
no ideas."
Why Belief in Spirits or Ghosts Is
Many pious persons have asserted
that the universal belief In a spiritual
existence is evidence that there ls a
life after death for all. This may be
good theology, but is poor logic. Self-
preservation ls the first law of nature,
and authority, together with the wish
may be the parents of the belief,
Grant Allan and others have shown
that belief in spirltB Is common, becauso, to tho primitive mind, it seemed the natural solution to experiences,
common to all races, The reason why
science has for centuries waged warfare with organizod religion, is becauso religion and science represent
two connecting theories of man and
his environment. The former represents pre-scientlflc ideas, based on Ignorance, credulity, fear and authority, whilo science rests on experience,
experiment and inductive reasoning.
But how did tlie savage first conceive of tho idea of ghosts? Spencer
and othors tell us that to primitive
man, movement Implies a mover, just
as to many today existence Implies a
Primitive man judged things by
himself. He saw the sun and moon
rise out of tho sea, lt was "lifted," and
carried across tho sky, he believed, by
a great spiritual being, a god. A century before Christ, the Greek priosts
taught that Apollo was the sun-god,
and sun-gods were common to .all
groat nations. These poople knew nothing about gravity, and to primitive
man, "up and down" were not relative to tho earth, but absolute. To
them the earth was the fixed centre of
the universe, and the church perse*
cutfid those who disputed this Biblical
Isaac Newton was one who opposed
this theological Idea, ami through
years of patient experiments and
study, he formulated his laws of gravitation, showed us tho speed which
bodies foil to tho earth, and that matter attracts matter lu proportion to
the mass, and in Inverse proportion to
the square of the distance separating
bodies, Thus science overthrew religion and the homo of the sun-gods.
The savage knew nothing of light and
sound waves. To him a shadow or reflection, or echo, are figures, of voices
nf his socond self or spirit. He knew
little of Ihe cause of diseaso, and ono
of the chief works of Jesus, and His
disciples was casting out devils, or
evil spirits of sickness.
Whon Dream Exporfoitees Wero
Wo may read In ancient literature
such as the Bible, how men had revelations through dreams, Primitive man
believed that in dreams, or in trances,
that his spirit might leave tho body,
and travel ln space, that it might
meet friends, or foes, whoso bodies
had been long crumbled to dust, and
In dreams ho found these spirits often
more powerful than when In the flesh.
When death came, the ghost could
not, or would not return, and the savage "SOBS God in tho clouds, and hears
Him in the wind," and he might
from that spiritual position bring
evil, or good, to the tribe. He could
hear and heed and so we see as a matter of self-preservation prayer, and
•praise and sacrifice to these dead
chiefs evolved, and grout spirits, or
gods, both good and evil developed,
togethor with priesthoods. Today religion is the profession of millions,
their oconomic basis, and many of
them, are now helng rewarded by master classes for teaching thoir subjects
the virtues of diligence und submission In this vale of tears, so that after
thoir spirits leave the body, they will
dwell In "mansions In tho sky," In
Great Britain alone tho state pays 40,-
000 clergymen of the Established
church. Evory Sunday thoy mny be
heard supplicating the great spirit,
"deliver us from all sedition, conspiracy and rebellion," and at morning
and evening servico In thoir prayer for
the ruling powers they petition tho
king of kings, and lord or lords, tho
only ruler of princes "who dost from
His throne   behold   all   the dwellers
upon earth." Grant Allan has shown
how gods grew naturally through the
continuous magnifying of dead ancestors, and how the Triune Deity of
Christianity, the International monarch of the clouds, grew from the
tribal war-gods of the ancient He-
It is said that religious people lack
the sense of humor. During the four
years of the bloodiest conflict of all
the ages, the prelates and priests of
tne conflicting nations were continuously supplicating the same "God of
love" to destroy their respective enemies.
The subject for this Friday will be
very interesting, and one that should
bring a ful! audience, "The Ghosts of
Modern Spiritualism." At this meeting the theory of ectoplasm will be
presented, and pictures of this spiritual substance will be shown. Questions and discussion. W. P. hall, 303
Pender street west.
Learn  Meekness, Humility  and
Art of Enduring Unpleas-
-   ant People and Things
[By Leo Tolstoy]
One will never succeed if one marries merely to insure a pleasant life.
It Is a great mistake to place marriage—that Is, union with tho person
one loves—as one's chief purpose in
life, superseding all else. And, if one
only considers, it is a self-evident
mistake. Marriage as a purpose?
Well, one has married! What thon?
If one had no other purpose in life
than marriage before, then, after
marriage, for two together, It would
be terribly difficult—almost Impossible—to  find  another.
Individuals meet on the samo road
and say, "Let us go on together."
"Very well; let us do so." And so
they lend each other a helping
hand. But they do not help when they
turn off their own road through mutual physical attraction. In the first
Instance marriage leads them along a
common road of life and love to unity
In death. In tho second, marriage is
only the point whero two divergent
discords  meet.
Life ls a sphere of service In which
one sometimes has to endure much
that Is oppreslve, but oftener to experience many joys. True joys can
be realized only when men themselves
regard their lives as a service: when
they have, outside themselves and their
personal happiness, a definite purpose
In life. Generally, those who marry
entirely overlook thia. So many joyful
events of married life and parenthood
aro forthcoming, that It appears as If
these events constitute life Itself; but
this is a dangerous mistake.
If the parents live and give birth to
hlldrrn without having a definite purpose they only postpone tho solution
of the problem of the meaning of life,
and that retribution to which thoso
are subject who live without knowing
why—they morely postpone this, but
they cannot avoid it. because they will
have to educate and to guide thoir
children, having nothing to guide
them by. And in such cases parents
lose their human qualities and the
happiness connected therewith, and
becomo   mere   breeding   stock.
And !-o I say to those contemplating marriage, that just because thoir
life seems to them so full, they should
more than ever consider and make
clear to themselves the purpose for
which they are living. And In orde
to elucidate this, one should think,
examine well the conditions In which
one lives, and one's pnst, estimate
nl! one deems important and unim
portant In life, as certain what one
believes In (that Is to say, what on.
regards as permanent, indubitable
truth), and wbat one Is willing to be
guided by in life. And not only to
ascertain and elucidate this, but to
experience it as a matter of fact, and
to realize It in one's life; for while
one Is not doing what one believes, one
does not know whethor one believes In
lt or not. I know your faith; and this
faith, or those aspects of It which
aro realizable in deeds, you should
more than ever, Just now, elucidate
for yourselves or put Into action—
thc faith that welfare consists In loving men ami being loved by them,
For the attainment of this 1 know
threo activities, in wblch I continually exercise myself, which one cannot exercise too much, and which at
the present moment are especially
necessary to pon.
First, in order to be capable of loving men and helng loved by them, one
should accustom one's self to demand
of them as little as possible, because,
If I expect much, I sliall experience
many privations and shall tend not
towards loving, but towards rebuking
them. In this respoct thore is much
to bo done.
Secondly, In order to love men, not
in word, but in. deed, one must teach
one's self to do to thom what Is useful.    Hore there Is yet moro work.
Thirdly, to enable one to love men
and to be loved, ono must learn meekness, humility and the art of enduring unpleasant people and things—
the art of always so behaving towards
them as to pain no one; and, if tbls
Is Impossiblo, not to Insult anyono—
to know how to choose the Infliction
of the lesser pain.
Trades and Labor Congress and
A. F. of L. Must Follow
England's Example
[By F. P. Burdick]
Although the recent conventions of
the Trades and Labor congress and
the American Federation of Labor,
voted agalnBt the organizations taking political action, directly or indirectly, no action was taken by either
convention that could be interpreted
as displaying antagonism to the development of political parties in Canada or the United States. The conventions, in effect, decided to continue their past policies of permitting
their members to exercise complete
liberty of action in thoir exercise of
the franchise. And in the United
States, the past policy of encouraging
support to candidates who pose as
"friends of labor" will continue.
According to reports, this policy of
the A. F. of L. of giving support to
old-party candidates who profess
frlondliness for labor, has not proved
very satisfactory. It has been the custom from time immemorial for office-
seekers to pose as labor's champions
before election, but the usual upshot
has been that when once in offlce,
most of these "friends of labor" havo
forgotten their pre-election promises,
and protestations of affection for the
workers, and voted against the interests of labor when crucial tests accur-
red, It certainly is high time that labor assumes a respectable position ln
the political world, and places itself
where it does not need to beg and plea
on bended knee for desired legislation,
and even then usually be Ignored, but
adopts a policy whereby labor can demand and obtain legislation that Is
needed and desired, The policy of the
trades union movement ln England of
active co-operation and affiliation with
the labor party, undoubtedly is the
most effective and satisfactory course
for labor on this continent to pursue
in realizing its aims. Ultimately such
similar action will be adopted by the
established labor movements in both
Canada and the United States. So
soon as tiie sentiment for such action
becomes strong enough among the
rank and file In the labor movement,
the antipathy, against political action
held by so many labor leaders will be
overpowered, and political action, at
least, Indirect action, adopted.
Then the organized labor movement
on this sido of tho Atlantic should get
into its stride—membership should
grow by leaps and bounds, as was tho
case In the old country. (The membership of the organizations affiliated
with the British labor party was doubled In the first two years of its existence. It passed the million mark in
1907, jumped to 1,500,000 in 1911,
grew to 2,000,000 in 1915, 3,000,000 In
1918, and closed with around 4,000,000
In 1921, Tho growth of tho labor
party vote kept pace with the development of the membership In tho organizations afflliated with the labor
party. In 1900 tho voto was G2,fi98, in
1906, 323,195; in 1910, 505,690; In
1918, 2,244,945, nnd In 1922, 4,250,-
000, a full third of the total vote cast,
and 112 members elected to the house
of commons.)
When thc labor movement in Canada and tho United States makes full
use of its potentlnl power both industrially and politically (wc have the
power now, but it Is not organized,
and thu people are not yet educated
for the change), we will approach,
gradually but surely, through an evolutionary process, which Is the only
process by which permanent changes
are brought about, the era of a better
day for suffering humanity, when cooperation will replace competition,
when service will be the watchword
instead of profit, when Internationalism will be as strong, or nearly so, as
nationalism, and wben Injustice, war
and discord will be superseded by
justice, peace and harmony.
Why I*t Gratia* Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and tho other fellow dop*.
why kick. He Is doing the host h*>
can. Why complain because Goorge
does It.    Why not do it yournelf7
Th«   Seminole   Indians   adopt   ne-
grosses Into their tribes,
Points to  Ponder
Ben—Clara Mortenson Beyer, in tlie
Nation, says: "The time undoubtedly
will come when women will need less
special  legislation than they do now,
Bess—Whon wo use the work unit
of exchange* Instead of the result unit
thoy will not need any such legislation,
—The  Equitlst,
Skilled Lubor Big Auto Buyer
Among tho buyers of passenger
automobiles at this time, skilled labor, as a class, arc tho Important
purchasers of cars. The mechanics
lake more than twice ns large a percentage (15.5) of cars as the next
class. This next class is tbe merchants, who buy 7.4 per cent, of the
$5.00 Down
Hoover Suction
Sweeper in Your
This exceptional offer is for a •limited
time only. We're doing it to give every
woman in Vancouver and vicinity a chance
to own the finest and most practical electrical cleaner ever made.
This special offer is on the latest model
—the famous new Hoover with the 10 revolutionary features—the fastest selling
electric cleaner ever made.
You've always wanted an electric cleaner
like this—now's your chance. Phone today
for a demonstration.  Seymour 1670.
Hudson's Bay Company
Written by William Allen White,
Editor Emporia Gazette,
Won Pulitzer Prize
An editorial based upon the question of freedom of speech, growing
out of thc railroad strike in Kansas in
1922, written by Willidm Allen White,
editor of the Emporia Gazette, won
tho Pulitzer prize for being the beBt
editorial written in 1922. The editorial
somewhat remuritable for its brevity,
"To an Anxious Friend:
"You tell me that law ls above froo
dom of utterance, and I reply that.vou
can have no wise laws nor free enforcement of wise laws unless there Is
free expression of the wisdom of the
people—and alas, their folly with it.
But, if there is freedom, folly will die
uf its own poison, and the wisdom will
survive. That is the history of tho
race. It is the proof of man's kinship
with God.
"You say that freedom of utterance
Is not the time of stress, and I reply
with the sad truth that only in time
of stress is freedom of utterance In
danger. No one questions it In calm
days, because It is not needed. Ana
the reverse is true also; only when
free utterance Is suppressed is it need
cd, and when It is needed it is most
vital to Justice. Peace Is good. But if
you are interested in peace through
forco and without free discussion-—
lhat Is lo say, free utterance decently
and in order—your interest in justice
is slight. And ponce without Justice is
tyranny, no matter how you may sugar-coal it with expediency. This state
Is today In more danger from suppression than from violence, because In
the end, suppression leads to violence;
indeed, is the child of suppression.
Whoever pleads for Justice, helps to
keep thc peace, and whoever tramples
upon the plea for JUBtlco.'temberatoly
made in the name of peace ,only outrages peace and kills something line
In the heart of man which God put
thero when He got our manhood,
When that Is killed, brute meets brute
on  each  side  of  lhe line.
"So, dear friend, put fear out of
your heart, This nation will survive,
this state will prosper, tho orderly
business of life will go forward if
only men can speak in whatever way
given them to utter what their hearts
hold—by voice, by postal card, by lot-
tor or by press. Reason never has
failed men. Only force and expression
havo made the wrecks In the world."
Dr. J. I. Gorosh
Chronic and nervon, dliflMM troaterl
by dnigless methods only.
207 Hastlngi Struct Wirt
For froe examination. OaU hey. 1371
hu mil ur
Plaoe Very Definite Restrictions
on the Exploitation of
Young Workers
[Labor Press Service]
Labor laws In Russia place very
definite restrictions on the exploitation
of young workers, and as a result
there has been a tendency to employ
adults rather than Juveniles. Tho
soviet government, according to "Russian Information and Review," looks
on tho Juveniles as the most valued
possession of the stute, and, consequently, all care is taken to make the
young Russian workers not only
skilled craftsmen but intelligent, educated, thinking men and women.
Special classes are being organized
to train unemployed young workers
and to keep them occupied. The
government is endeavoring, whilo
maintaining the laws which protect
young workers In omploymont, to
prescribe a minimum proportion of
Juveniles to be employed In every enterprise, Factory schools are being
formed In ever-Increasing numbers
for tbo young boys am) {.-iris who
work in the more Important lndusarlos.
At the beginning of 1923 there wero
7.10 of these schools whose pupils constituted nearly GO per cont. of the
young workors employed In the large
and mlddloslzed Industries. As soon
aH the means of the slate will permit,
these schools will be formed in all
parts of  the soviet   union.
Hand your neighbor thla copy or
The Keclernilonlst, nnd then call
around next day for a subscription.
RolieTC-d  In  two  minutes  with
Jo*To rellerei tttt patna, acid itomaeh, kr art-
burn, after-rating diitreii and all forma oi
lndigcitli.il quickly, without harm.
All Dntf Stores,
We like to .see your money stay in B. C.
We like to see you get the best for your money.
"Do Yourself a Favor"
FRIDAY October 26, 1923
Now Is Time to Buy
Warm Clothing
Our Mackinaw  Coats at
$8.75 arc good.
If   you   want   an   extra
heavy Mackinaw Coat, we
have Carss' at $16.50.
Carss'   Grey   Pants,   at
$6.50; all wool.
Oxford brown tweed all-
wool Pants, $7.50.
Mackinaw Shirts at $7.50.
Stanfield's Underwear
Green Label, garm't $1.75
Red Label, garment $2.25
Blue Label, garm't, $2.75
Black Label, gar't, $3.75
Fine Shirts, from $1,25
Fine Shirt, with separate
collar, $1.00.
Work Shirts, grey, $1.25.
Raintest Clothing, $11.00
per suit.
Bell's Boots, Dayfoot's
Boots, Work Boots, from
W.B. Brummitt
At New York, demands for wage increases ranging from 15 to 30 per cent.
have been made on the eastern rail
roads by the conductors and brake-
men's brotherhoods. They desire an
answer by Nov. 10,
Why buy an inferior product when you obtain
BEST at the same price?
Canadian National Railways
The Continental Limited
9.50 P. M.-FROM VANCOUVER-9.50 P. M.
Boat Schedule
TO PRINCE RUPERT—Connecting with trains for the East.
For Information and Reservations, Apply
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET        Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Ask for
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
any of the famous imported
ales, and at much less cost to the
At all Government Vendors
Thii advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia.
Their Contributions in Field of Invention Cover Some 5000
Recorded Cases
Have Contributed Very Materially
to Labor-saving Devices
for the Home
TVHERE ia a most interesting story
in bulletin 28, which has just
been issued by the Women's bureau.
It is a report on women's contributions in the field of invention. The
records in the U. S. patent offlce at
Washington, D.C. cover some 5,000
cases since 1905,
To go back even earlier, tho very
flrst patent granted to an American
was not granted for his own invention at all, but for that of his wife.
It was issued by the British government to Thomas Master, planter, for
a new invention for cleaning and curing Indian corn "found out by Syblllie,
his wife."
Arrangements for patenting inventions by the United States were legalized in 1790, and for 19 years there
is not a single woman patentee. In
1809 a woman applicant was successful in being granted a patent for a
method of weaving straw with silk or
thread. During the next 25 years
there were less than a score of women
inventors. The number of patents
granted to women is small in comparison with those granted to men. The
variety and character of women's inventions take one's breath away.
There are numbers affecting articles
of women's UBe, both personal, such
as the ubiquitous hairpin, and occupational, such as poultry raising supplies
and equipment; but also numbers of
others touchfng such supposedly
purely masculine occupations as road
construction, heating installation,
foundry processes, and fishing. And
this, in spite of the fact that women
labor under many handicaps in perfecting their inventions, and in having
accurate models made, and especially
arc often at a loss In securing facilities   for   marketing   their   inventions,
Over four per cent of the entries
In which we are interested nre concerned with somo phase of farm
work, covering the entire range of
farming operations, from the dry to
the irrigated sections. "Farm women
have been giving creative thought,
and with success, to farm buildings
and fences, lo drainage and irrigation, and to the embellishment of
farm life, in addition to stock and crop
The bureau representatives started
corresponding with some of those
patentees whom they could reach.
"How did you come to think of this
invention?" "How did you go about
making it?" was the general type
of question asked. A Texas woman
owned up to "Yankee laziness" ns
having been her motive in devising
a fertilizer distributor. A Minnesota
woman, inventor of a portable smokehouse to cure meat for summer consumption, used it in her family for
two years before she obtained a patent
for it. A handy adjustable rnke which
is on the market was not specially
designed for garden use, but was the
idea of a teacher of golf, who got
tired of seeing her pupils' balls lodged
in streams or otherwise out of reach.
The list of patents taken out by
women for inventions concerned with
the business of housekeeping is, it is
remarked, "a convincing answer to
ihe ohargfi that 'women have not
contributed materially lo the labor-
saving devices of the home,' " for theso
number nearly 28 per cent of the total
number of Inventions patented by
women. They cover kitchen equipment of all sorts, from a tireless
Cooker to a sink enver; ash. garbage
nnd trash receptacles; lnundry equipment, housocleanlng devices, fumi-
turo nnd fittings for dining room,
bedroom, nursery, bathroom and
porch, besides sewing conveniences,
while womon's ineradicable desire
to get rid nf small pests has led
them to Invent mouse traps, ant
traps, fly guards arid Insecticides.
The list winds up with small inventions to facilitate sewing nnd knitting, Women doctors, dentists nnd
nurses are using thoir brains to improve   the  tools  nf   their   profession.
Land   Grabbing   Plot   in   Australia
Exposed by liabor Memebrs of
Labor members in the fedoral parliament of Australia have exposed
an amazing "ramp" concerted between the government and big beef-
owning interests, whereby the latter
were to obtain lengthy leases of land
In the northern territory for sums
ranging from Is. to 5s. a square mile.
The same land in Queensland, divided
only by a wire fence from the northern territory, brings in £10 a square
mile. Owing to the storm raised by
the revelations made the government
has been compelled to withdraw from
the scheme. .
Bylaw to Raise $500,000 for Hore
Modern School Buildings
in Vanoouver
iSchool trustees decided Thursday
night to give Vancouver another opportunity to provide funds to bring
the school accomodation of the city
up to date. The building committee
of the board recommended that a bylaw to raise $500,000 for the erection
pf modern school buildings in different parts of the city be submitted at
the annual election on December 21.
A similar bylaw was voted down this
Municipal Enterprise Roasts the
"Privateers"—Derby, Eng.,
Saves £14,000
[Labor Press Service]
By giving the work of extending the
local power station to their works department instead of to a, private contractor the Derby ratepayers saved
£14,000. Chapter and verse in support
of this statement are given in a valuable little pamphlet by Aid. W. R.
Rayn.es, ex-mayor of Derby. Aid.
Itaynes reproduces the certified
statement of the architect, accountant,
surveyor and works manager, which
was issued after some of the purblind
friends of the privateers expressed
disbelief in the claim that a saving
of £10,000 had been effected. He goes
on to express the view that if housebuilding In the area had beon done
in the past three years by direct labor
£200,000 would have been saved. This
pamphlet, which may be obtained for
1 Md,, post free, from the Labor party,
63 London road, Derby, provides useful ammunition for the battle for direct labor.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.]
B.G. and Australian Unemployed
Editor B. C. Federationist: It has
been some months since I left Sydney,
K.S.W., and came to British Columbia. I don't see that there is a great
deal of difference in the labor situation In B. C. with that of Australia.
I have seen lots of men walking about
the streets of Sydney with nothing to
do just as thoy do here. I have seen
men parading the streets night after
night In Australia, some of whom were
put in jail for talking about their
poverty. You can rend iu the papers
about large numbers of immigrants
arriving In Australin. It Is a con
servative estimato to state that there
aro at present 25,000 unemployed in
Now South Wales. Thero are over
MOO railway navvies out of work.
Then why more Immigrants for 13. C.
or Australia.    Yours.
Vancouvor,  B.  C,  Oct.   24,   1923.
G. H. Barnes, M. P., Has Much to
Relate Regarding His
Early Days
Ramsay Macdonald, M. P., Tells a
Quaint and Very Moving
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON, Oct. 12.—In his book of
reminiscences, G. H, Barnes has
much that is interesting to tell of his
early days. He came to London as a
youth and decided to stay there. So
he threw away tho return half of his
ticket, a rash act which he had ample
cause to regret, for he tramped the
streets for weeks in search of work.
One Scotsman to whom I spoke about
this incident remarked, with true Caledonian shrewdness: "Mr, Barnes ls
not a genuine Scot, or he would have
soid the return half."
Not One of tlie Nuts
Mr, Barnes recalls a funny incident
which hinges on Lord Robert Cecil's
lack of satorlal distinction. Lord
Robert boarded a 'bus near Westminster late at night. Four other members of parliament followed, The conductor, who recognized them, took
their fares. He passed along until he
came to Lord Robert, and, addressing
him in a tone of familiarity, said: "I
say, gov'nor, there are four members
of parliament in this 'ere bus."
President Herbert Smith
Laborites and trade unionists
throughout the country will be glad to
hear that Herbert Smith, president of
the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, Is progressing as well aa can be
expected after his recent operation.
"Our 'Erb," as he Is affectionately
known throughout the length and
breadth of the mining districts of
Yorkshire, is one of the sturdiest flght-
ters that ever won the respect and applause of friends and foes alike, and
the pluck he evinced in taking nn active share, despite increasing ill-
health, in the rescue work at Maltby
was typical of a thoroughly brave and
conscientious nature. He Is at a nursing home in Sheffield.
As Itlicrs See Us
Ramsay Macdonald, M, P., tells a
quaint and moving anecdote of his pilgrimage to hla boyhood's haunts in the
current issue of tho New Leader. A
village ancient with whom he fell Into
reminiscence began, without recognizing his interlocutor, to narrate a 'piece
of mischief more than a generation
deep In his memory. "Ane o' tliem
aince stealt a boat o' mine, and he
might hae been droont, I gae him a
good thrashin', an' the nickum nearly
broke my head wi' a stane."
"DeovU o' a Loon"
He paused and the far-away look
came upon him again. "An' whar's
thar deevil o' a loon noo, think ye?'*
"Hung," I suggested. "Hung? deil a
bit, man. He's Hinging stanes as big
as the hill there at the heads o' the
d—d tories." I wid like tae see him
again afore I deo. Bit he's forgotten
a' aboot the boatle an' that clout he
Big, warm, comfortable Coats, just the
thing for the cold winter days—generously
cut, well tailored; made in all the newest
colorings. Our OvercoatR are unsurpassed
for style and value.
$25 $29* $34*
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Dodges the Problem of Increasing
Unemployment in England
• —Cannot Agree
"The questions which you mention
are enaglng the continuous attention
of hiB majesty's government, but in
their opinion the situation Ib not such
as to render advisable any modification in the arrangements already made
for  the  assembling of  parliament,"
gave me. He struck me Jaest there"
(rubbing the back of his head). "Oh,
I'm prood o' 't, an' it wis forty years
This Is the reply of Premier Baldwin
to the resolution adopted recently by
the Joint meeting of the Trades Unton
congress general council and the Labor
party executive, urging that arrangements should be made, in accordance
with   the   undertaking   given   before ♦
parliament adjourned, for an immedi-
ate  meeting  of  parliament  to  deal 1
with the Ruhr situation and the problem    of    increasing    unemployment, l
Premier Baldwin states that he has '
"given the matter full consideration, .
but cannot agree with the view which f
the resolution expresses."
You may wish to help The Federatlonist.   You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and aend-
ing ln tbe subscription of your friend '
or neighbor.
—a-  Sixth Anniversary of the Proletarian Revolution  	
CLINTON HALL, Comer Clinton and Pender Streets
Admission:   Gents. 50 cents;   Ludics, 25 cents.
A Union Is What You Mnke It
Some men imnglne that a union
comes out of the sky, and thnt it Is
made to ordor. This Is a fallacy
wliich only active participation In
union affairs cnn destroy Why not
be an activo member, Instead of a
Relieved in two minutci with
Oor. acid, iour, burning ilomach til quickly
relieved with JO-TO.   Drag Stem.
Best $2.50
Olwici not preicrlhcd unWn «h*
■olutrly nccclltrj-. Kxtinirntinni
mode by jt radii it* Kjrruiftht Speclll-
Um. bntiifacilon irunrtntflod.
We grind our own !•»«■. Lenin
duplicated by nail.
Optical House
(Formerly Urewn Optical Home)
Ue   mire   of   Ihe   aadreia—Above
Woolwoi'th'a Store, near
Suite ao, Davli Ohambera,
__ Phona Sty.  1071
A Mother's Views
Editor 13. C. Federatloniat: A conservative working mnn used to his
wife looking after him and the children at home cannot behold her In
any otber sphere. Such men talk of
motherhood, ils Joys, Its beauty, us
if there could be happiness or elegance In a poverty stricken cottage
the average workman's wife is forced
to cnll homo. What Joy can there
be for a mother who wonders whether
there will be either food or clothing
for the little stranger when it arrives;
when she knows only too well that the
ones living will have to share what
is already Inadequate with the now
member of the household? Working-
men, generally speaking,, with the
wages they get, cannot provide for
their children—boys or girls. The
girls, ns well as the boys, are then
forced to go to work for a few dollars
to help keep the wolf from the door,
and women are a permanent fixture In
industry to-day. We women are a
problem, because of the fact that the
minimum wage of the male worker
which was supposed to be sufflclent to
provide for a family Wben it Is hardly
enough for his own needs, whereas
the wage of a woman ls always considered as an Individual wage. If
the male worker is supplanted in Industry by the female, the working-
class as a whole would suffer accordingly. We have seen that the minimum wnge of tho male worker does
not provide for children, and tho reforms of motherhood and childhood
nre, therefore bound up with the demand for equal pny for the sexes.
Vancouver, B.C., Oct. 24, 11123.
Why the B. C. Federationist
The B. C. Federationist is the Official Paper of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Oounoil,
Prints more local Labor news than any other paper in Canada.
Goes to press promptly every Friday
its readers.
morning and never disappoints
Keeps the workers informed of what is going: on in the various organizations. Furnishes information of value that never appears in the daily
Tells the good things about Unions and members.
Looks upon the optimistic side and lets the hammer rust.
Keeps British Columbia Labor on the map by being one of the most
widely quoted Labor papers published.
Presents Labor's side of industrial and political issues in their true light,
and wins friends for Labor.
(Jives results to advertisers, because it goes into homes of the best paid
class of workers, and is accepted as a guide by Trades Unionist purchasers.
You must have the Federationist in the home eaoh week to keep in touch
with the Oity, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Kate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.60 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body,
16c per member per month.
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender 3treet West, VANCOUVER, B. C.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bomiuels, Pot Plants,
Onuimi'iit.il und Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Huntings Street Enst        2—STORES-—2        055 Granville Street
Sey. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-1391
STOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items