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British Columbia Federationist Feb 16, 1923

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Array industrial unity: STRENGTH •*•».        Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        -^.political vmt*. victost
FIFTEENTH YEAR.  No. 7
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, fi. C, FRIDAYllORNING, FEBRUARY 16,1928
$-60 PER YEAB
Coal Miners Pay the Price for Lack of Proper Precautions
tx
\\
SUBMIT UNDER   OCCUPATION OF
Demand Red International
Be Discussed at the
Convention
International Takes Stand
That Aims Not in Line
with Constitution
[By John A. MoRury]
(For the Federated PresB)
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia—The district board of the Nova Scotia miners,
whose vote to affiliate with the Red
International of Labor Unions (Mobcow) has been overruled by the international executive board, U. M. W.
A., has decided to submit on condition
that the question come before the 1924
international convention of the U. M,
W. A,
In a circular letter from the international headquarters at Indianapolis
to all looal mining unions of District
No. 26, the miners of Nova Scotia
were warned that if they persist in
affiliating with the Red International
of Labor Unions the autonomy of the
district will be suspended and the international' organization will assume
control until the district abides by this
ruling.
In June, 1922, at a convsntion in
Truro, the district decided to affiliate
with Moscow and sent tbe application
for affiliation by John McDonald, who
attended the Moscow convention last
November. Last December, J. B. MoLachlan, secretary-treasurer of the
district, asked the International office
what effect affiliating would have upon
the standing of the district In the U.
M, W. A. He pointed out the basic
idea as "direct revolutionary action of
the workers of the world for the complete overthrow and ending of all capitalistic exploitation ot labor."
In the decision of tho miners' international ordering withdrawal lt was
stated that the object of the U. M. W.
A. under its constitulon is "to increase
wages and improvo conditions of employment of our members by legislation, conciliation, Joint agreements or
strikes." tt was held that he revolutionary aims wore incomparable with
membership in U. M. W. A.
THE ill
Peasants in Spite of Armed
Forces Take Possession
of Lots
[By Carl Brannin]
(Federated Preaa Correspondent)
Mexico City—On Saturday, Jan. 20,
! the peasants of Tlcoman took posses-
[ sion of the  lands surrounding their
!' village.   Thore was no formal oelebia-
| tlon. no speeches by government officials, no guard of soldiers.   The. peo-
! pie simply came  together with sur-
i veyors they had employed and meaa-
I ured oft the plots of 12 acres for each
j family.   It marked tho culmination of
years of struggle.
Tlcoman is a village In tho federal
district about alx miles north of Mexico City. Pour landlorda claim 10,000
hectares (a hectare equals about i_
acres), which bolonga. according to
the ancient Spanish grants, to Boveral
villages compriBing some 1000 peon
'families. Under the Diaz roglme
theae lands, which aro very fertile and
close to a fino markot, were taken
from tho peasants in one fraudulent
way or anothor and given to a few Individuals. Since then .the former owners have worked as laborers.
When the overthrow of Diaz took
place, the peasants demanded the return of their lands. They were told to
wait a little while. President succeeded preaident and still the workers
waited. Finally, under the leadership of a small proprietor, Leon Rojns,
tho workers bogan to arm themselves.
(With the organized armed peasants
backing him  Rojas began to  notify
tho haciendados that the planting of
' land   claimed   by  the  workers  must
I oease.    The landlords rushed to the
I governor of tho federal dlstriot and, as
' of old, he sent word that troops would
bo sent ngainst them unleBs tho peas-
1 onts let the haclendadoa alone.
"    "All right," said Rojaa and his followers, "aend your troops; wo have
forces of our own, and wo are armed.'
The troops of the government came,
but lt was to toll the landlords that
'planting of the landa must oease.
A short time ago word came that an
soon as a certain technicality of the
law was complied with, the lands In
the Tlcoman district would bo turned
over to tho people. They said: "It Is
enough. Let us take possession now.
go they hired some surveyors and
measured off their lots.
(San Francisco—Frederick Esmond,
ono of the I. W. W. membera In the
famous "silent defonse" in Sacramento
now released from St. Elizabeth's hospital in Wellington, hs long been active
in radical circles here, and wna known
for hla brilliant mind. He is an Oxford graduate.
Hug*} Sums Are Taken to
Provide Luxuries for
Occupation Army
Communists Are Opposed to
Reparations in Any
Form
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Director, The Federated
Presa)
Berlin, Germany.—What doea the
term "army of occupation" mean to
the Oerman people?
To the American the term perhaps
connotes a garrlaon that must see to
it that the "Huns" don't break out
anew, and, that they fulfil the tonna
of the treaty of Versailles.
To the German, who knows that his
country has been virtually disarmed
(what arma are found to have been
hidden from time to time are invariably Intended for uso against labor),
the term meana- extravagant waste;
the squandering upon military establishments of money that was Intended
for reparation purposes.
The number of places under occupation before the French Invasion of
tho Ruhr was 207. In the Kalser'B
balmiest days only 36 of these places
had garrisons In peace time.
Within 21 months Qermany has had
to supply furniture for the occupying
officers and. their families ln the foK
lowing quantttlea: complete furniture
for 1400 drawing rooms, 2600 libraries
and smoking rooms, 6000 dining
rooms and 10,300 bedrooms, 4600 kitchens with all utensils, 180 suites of
heavy club furniture and 2900 club
ohairs, 1800 suites of cane furniture,
6300 cane chairs, 2100 suites of upholstery and 1400 additional easy
chairs, 2300 bedsteads for adults and
3600 children's bedsteads, 3600 wardrobes, 3400 combinations of washing
Btands and chests of drawers ln one,
3000 couches, 800 ladles' writing
desks and 600 dressing tattles.
From Autumn, 1020, to the summer
of 1922 was further Included the furnishings or 720,000 "hooch" glasses,
61,000 claret glasses, 160,000 port
wine glasses, 46,000 champagne glasses, 68,000 liquor glasses and 20,000
beer glasaes.
ThiB list does not Include anything
supplied before and after the dates
indicated; nor does it include the
large amount of furniture taken from
castles and private houaea nor the requirements of the soldlera living ln
barracks.
On the whole, Oerman labor
stands committed to repairing actual
damage done by Qermany during the
war. The communists are against
reparations ln any form, saying that
the costs fall upon those who had
leaat to do with bringing about the
war.
. What Oerman labor protests against
is that money should be spent upon
armies of occupation, reparations
commissions and other administrative
bodies while reconstruction ln northern ' France continues to be postponed.
TO
MEET SUNDAY
Women Took Platform and
Advocated Political
Action
On Sunday next there will be a
meeting of the unemployed In the
National theatre. The meeting will
commence at 8 p.m. The name of the
speaker will be announced later.
Last Sunday, tho women were given
a chance and took it, and their words
on the platform showed that they have
an understanding of the unemployed
problem equal to many of the men.
Mrs. Booth occupied the chair in an
efficient manner, and kept perfect order throughout the meeting, tyre.
Percival gave a full report of the activities of the committee of twenty-
five from the Inception of that organization, while Mrs. Lorrlmer spoke
on the class, struggle, and quoted
largely from Glbbens Industrial History of England. This speaker had to
answer many questions, and her understanding of the position of the
working class was well expressed in
her answers.
Mrs, Taylor spoke on the necessity
for political action, and urged the
workers to vote on election days on
class lines. The meeting was brought
to a close by Mrs. Booth calling attention to the fact that the theatre was
cold, and that many people were uncomfortable through the laok of heat.
CUMBERLAND MINERS REFUSE TO WORK PENDING
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ABOLITION OF CONDITIONS CAUSING DISASTER
THE LATEST NEWS with regard to the mining disaster which occurred at Cumberland last Thursday, is that the miners have decided that they will not return
to work under the old conditions.
At a meeting held on Tuesday evening, the men decided that they would refuse to
work again in the mine until the long wall system is abolished, and all Orientals are
removed.
Another resolution, condemning Mr. Menzies, M. L. A., for voting against Tom Uphill's motion in the House at the last session, which was made in the form of an amendment to the Coal Mines Regulation Act, giving the miners power to elect a gas committee from the miners of some other mine thah the one to be examined, was adopted.
Only fire bosses and a few repair men will continue to work pending the decision of
the company on the men's demands. The miners are not organized, but the common
danger has made it compulsory that they should act together.
Readers of the morning dailies in the provinee of British Columbia were faced on Friday last with
scare headlines, which announced that some forty miners had met their doom in the mines at Cumberland, B. C.
" Even thc capitalistic press bad to admit that thc company which owned the mines was very tardy,
to say the least, in giving information as to the nature of the disaster, and to the list of killed and
injured.
But the news was such as to shock the unthinking for a moment and the grim tragedy is now almost forgotten, except in Cumberland, where the trail of death has for the seeond time in the last
seven months taken many of the supporters of women and children from the community.
Immediately after the news of the disaster became known, the Federationist endeavored to secure
the latest and most accurate news. This was difficult, as the miners of Vancouver Island are unorganized, but even with this disadvantage, the real cause of the disaster has been investigated.
On reliable authority, the Federationist is in a position to Btate that the system of ventilation in
the No. 4 mine is faulty, and that the disaster which occurred in August 1922 was due to this system,
as was the disaster of last week. A miner who has worked in the Cumberland mines, left the district
only a few days before the explosion, his reason given to one who has interested himself in the miners
of Vancouver Island and their problems for a number pf years, was: "I am afraid that there will bo
an explosion in the near future." How well his fears were grounded, the story of the death of men
who died at Cumberland last Thursday niglit will prove.
Sam Guthrie, M.L.A., himself a miner, on hearing of the disaster, left immediately for the scene. In
his attempts to secure information, ho was met with the same obstructing tactics from the company
officials.   The strictest secrecy being observed
Another miner, residing in Cumberland, has stated-'that the disaster was not unexpected; be also
states that if there were another one in thc near fuiurjc it will cause no surprise, for as he expresses it:
''They have been expected for years." But he also .expresses the opinion that the investigation
which is to be held will be a whitewashing affair.
Thjs.view is held-^by all the miners on Vancouver -It-landwho have any knowledge of the past history in that part of British Columbia. They have not forgotten when in 1915 when men lost their
lives in the mines at South Wellington, when the present manager of the mines at Cumberland was the
chief mine inspector for British Columbia. When that investigation took place, the facts brought out
showed that he was a plastic tool of the employers of this province, and lacked tlie backbone to give a
true report; in fact, the facts showed that he himself was in a large measure to blame, as the following
account of a miner who watched the investigation will show.   He states:
Nineteen men went down Uie minefinch.   After this a publlo Inquiry wasf other words, that gas con be found if
demanded by tho Labor organizations,
and Justice Murphy was appointed to
conduct the Inquiry.
It would seem that Justice Murphy
waa not satisfied with the evidence of
Mr. Graham at the inquiry, for here is
what he Bald:
"I want to say this ln fairness to Mr.
Graham: I am not at all satisfied with
tho explanations put forward hy him
ns to Uie suppression of the evidence
at this inquest, and tf he has any further explanations to give, I think he
should do so.
"If you have any further explanation, Mr. Graham, mnke It now in Justice to yourself.    You know what a
on February 9th„ and did not come up
again until they were taken out putrid
corpses, In the month of May. They
wero drowned like so many rats. It
was well-known amongst the South
Wellington people that some of the
men working In tills mine used to
vomit sometimes when returning from
work, as the result of the putrid smell
from the stagnant waters coming from
the old Southfield mine.
Ono miner gave evidence to the effect that he actually vomltted In the
mine, and Tom Graham, who was at
that timo chief Inspector of mines,
got.up and said: "Do you not think
you had a bilious attack?" Such is
Uie type of man who Is general mana-' coroner's inquest is, and that the ob-
ger at Cumberland, where two disasters have taken place during the last
seven months, causing the death of 52
men.
What was the causo of this disaster
at SouUi Wellington? It seems there
were two plans In connection with this
mine. The plan shown by Uie company—Pacific Coast Coal Co. showod
that Uic.v were 415 from the old South-
field mine, when thc water broke ln,
but ou examination of the mine after
the disaster, it was found there was
only two feet. This caused Uie lawyers for thu defence to get suspicious,
so they asked for an adjournment of
the case, Mr. Graham, thinking Uiey
had tho goods on him, admitted he
had another plan—the original plan
of the old Southfield workings—and
that he had known of it for a considerable time. After tho facts about
this plan came out, Mr. Farris told
tho coroner lio considered tho conduot
of tbo chief inspector of mines. Mr.
Graham, a publie scandal In tlio Province of British Columbia. Graham
at first refused to go Into tho witness
box, but later went In, and gave evidence to the effect tht ho know all
about the two plans being on a different .scale; ono being 132 feet to the
inch, and the other 100 feet to the
Munich — The Fascisti of Italy
aro maintaining a regular automobile
Horvice to Bavaria, the hotbed of Gorman reaction, according to information obtained by the Munich Federation, of- Labor. In these automobiles
come and go emissaries of the German 'should work for the establishment of
monarchists and of the Italian "Black lone union ln the City of Vancouver
Shirts," for the carpenter craft,
Will Seek to Bring Forces
Together in the
I Future
Local 452 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, held
their regular meeting on Monday last.
The flnanclal statement for the year
1922, and the trustees' report on same
wero received and adoptod. The reports showed that tho local is In a
good flnanclal position, and that in
spite of bad trade, the membership is
being retained.
The results of the joint carpenters'
meeting were discussed, and after some
discussion, It was decided that the
delegates selected to act on a committee   to   discuss   local   conditions
ject of lt ls to flnd out, not what peo*
pie were drowned, but why they were
drowned. And you had a vital piece
of ovidenco there, aud did not adduce
it.   Why not?"
Mr. Justice Murphy made a report,
I understand, a most scathing report,
against Mr. Graham, regarding his
conduct as Inspector of mines, In connection with Uio South Wellington
disaster.
Mr. Graham later became manager
of the Canadian Collerles Coinpauys'
mines at Cumberland, on the understanding (hat within a Stated number
of years, he had to make them a paying proposition. There ls, according
to recognized miners, no unknown
factor   in   tho  mining   Industry;    ln
16 SPEAK ON
II
Martin Hendrickson to Address Audience in the
Loggers Hall
A meeting of more than usual Interest to those who are" watching the
Russian people ln their strugglo for
freedom and economic reconstruction,
will be held in the Loggers Hall, • tonight) Friday, under the auspices of
the Society for TechnicalAld for Soviet Russia. Tho meoting will commence at 7:80 p.m.
Tho speaker will be Martin Hendrickson of Seattle, who is on hit. way
north, but decided to slay long enough
in Vancouver to give teh truo Information about this much-discussed undertaking.
Union Lnl)cl Demanded
When the estimates for printing
were beforo the South Vancouver
Municipal Council, Councillor Hardy
pointed out that thoro wero no ten-
dors from printers who could supply
the union label. He therefore voted
against all the tenders, but was the
only councillor who took this stand,
tho local patriotism of the othor councillors preventing them seeing that
union conditions mean much to the
workers. South Vancouvor workers
should remember this fact for future
reference.
It is there, and by investigation and
proper mino Inspection, these disasters
prevent Ml.
One miner lias Informed Tlie Fed
eratlonist, that tho barometer did not
give warning, which would be Indi*
cated by a rapid fall, but he has stated
that the mines are not properly ventilated, and that If the manager was a
practical man endeavoring to secure
tho safoty of the men, this would
have been remedied. But ventilation
costs money, and tho miners who lost
their lives, paid thre prico for their
masters' profits.
It Is but a few short, years ago that
thc Canadian Collerles Ltd., floated
bonds for about fifteen million dollars,
and the manager or superintendent of
a mine ls entrusted with the duty of
extracting dividends on tho money so
raised from Uie hides of the'wage
slaves who produce their own keep,
pay their employers for hiring them,
and supply all the wealth which their
masters enjoy. They work when they
know that death stares them In Uie
face, because tbey have no other
method of earning enough money to
supply their wives and children and
themselves with the necessities of life.
Much has been made of the fact tlmt
a large number or those killed were
Chinese, hut no matter whut their nationality, Thu Federatlonist takes the
position lhat thoso responsible should
lio mndo to stand the exposure and
tho punishment which it will bring to
them for Uielr disregard of human life
and Uieir scramble for profits.
Amalgamation Meeting
Tho Trado Union Educational
League will hold a meeting In the
Labor Tomple, 810 Pendor Street
Wost, on Sunday next at 3 p.m. All
members of tho league und those who
arc In favor of amalgamation in tho
trado union movement, are requested
to attend.
JOIN SOW
Have Gone to Baltic Fleet
to Stiffen Navy's
Morale
Local Union Stages a Very
Successful Social
Event
The Vancouver Milk Salesmen and
Dairy Employeos held a very successful whist drive and dance at tho Cotillon Hall on Tuesday ovoning . Tho
committeo In charge left nothing to
chance, and all present had a most
enjoyable evtmlng.
The prize winners in lho whist drive
wero: Ladies, Mrs. Greenhulgh, flrHt
prize; Mrs, Shorter, second, and Mrs.
Holloway, consolation prisso. Gontle-
mon: First prlzo,*Mr. D. Gow; second
prize, Mr. D. Anderson, and V, Enman
secured tho consolation,
Dancing was Indulged In until midnight, and during tho .evening oxcol-
lent rofreBhments wore served.
Russia Refuses to Disband
Fleet While Capitalist
Powers Threaten
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—Six hundred young Communists of military age have gono to
the Baltic fleet aa volunteers, to stiffen
the morale of that organization.
The fleet was the one question
which Russia refused to settle in the
recent disarmament congress in Moscow, stating that it was a question in
which larger powers were involved
than the little border republics, Russia wishes to protect her own ports
and territorial waters, in which even
at the present time, she Ib having difficulties with Great Britain.
In 1920 Russia passed a law declaring a 12-mile territorial zone on the
waters surrounding her, in order to
protect her northern fisheries and the
port of Petrograd. Great Britain refuses to recognize Russia's rights any
farther than three miles out, according to an old custom which has never
been definitely„ fixed by international
law, but which has been assumed for
several decades by Great Britain, and
not much contested by other nations.
British ships fishing off Murmansk
within the 12-mile zone were arrested
by Russian authorities. Great Britain
promptly sent a warship to protect
those ships, and they flsh now contiguously under her armed protection,
within sight of the Russian coast. The
Russian foreign office Has repeatedly
warned Britain to take her ships away
hut without result. The Russians feel
that the presence of even one' submarine in" their harbor in Murmansk
would give thom the power to tell foreign vesels to keep off.
Norway, whose interests In the northern, fisheries and seal is greater than
that of Britain, has agreed to negotiate the question with Russia, but Britain refuses. This question complicates, the recent discussions between
Britain and Amorica over the three-
mile limit on liquor—the British stating that they do not wish to create a
precedent which might be used by
other-nations. Tho other nation re-
ferrred to is Russia, and Britain wishes to give her no excuse for excluding
British ships from the waters north of
Murmansk, or from the long channel
leading to Petrograd, which is over
six miles wide.
Communists Alone Keep International Banner
Aloft
French Mailed Fist Rubs
Ruthlessly in Ruhr
Region
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Berlin—A wave of nationalism hai
swept over Germany aa ft result of tha
French occupation of the Ruhr valley
such as has not been witnessed since
1914. Hand tn hand with Its passive
resistance (Bertrand Russell's brand
of national pacifism) Germany, disarmed, Is speaking of accumulating
arms secretly with which to wage a
war of revenge when the proper Ume
comes. The "business" chancellor,
Dr. Cuno, makes speeches closely re-
! sembling those of William II In 1914.
"The united front of all classes
against the enemy",is preached In almost every political camp, The Communists alone are as a unit keeping
aloft the banner of Internationalism.
They are asking the International
Federation of Trade Unions at Amsterdam what has become of the slogan of a. general strike In the event of
a threatening war adopted last December. The Amsterdam bureau Is trying
to agree upon effective action. It
seems, however, that British Labor is
hardly willing to go on strike against
the Ruhr Invasion.
The Belgian Socialists, led by Emlle
Vandervelde, Issued a manifesto in
which the Invasion is condemned, but
ln which the Insistence of.Belgian Socialists that Germany must pay reparations, |s documented anew.
Berlin hotels are refusing to give
hinging to Frenchmen bnd Belgians.
Storekeeprs decline to take French or
Belgian money or cheques-In payment
of accounts, though the exchango of
these countries Is much better than
that of Germany. There havo been
attempts to storm the hotels in which
the inter-allied commissions are hous-
(Conttnuea on page S)
Open Forum
The usual Forum will be held at the
W. P. Hall, 303 H Pender West, on
Feb. 18, from 3 to 5 p.m. Instead of
speaking on "History as n Science,
Prof. Mack Eastman will enlarge
upon his subject of Jan. 14, "Thc
French and Russian Revolutions."
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day tor a subscription.
IS
Seafarers Union Puts Up a
Protest But Plea Is
Ignored
The Federated Seafarers Union of
B, C. bus attempted to have a Chineso
crew displaced by a while crow on a
vessol sulllng fro mthls port during
tho past woek.
Tho vessel in question is ono which
is engaged ln tho oil trade. She Is
named thc S. S. El Lobo. The owners of this is the C. T. Bowrlng Company of LIvorpool, England, The efforts put forward on behalf of tho
British brand of soamen failed, as the
compasy or tho agents could not bo
got In touch with, although overy
effort was made to do so, the representatives ot the agents at this port
only do tho customs work and other
incidentals for the Imperial Oil Co.
Limited, and aro not known to the
actual owners.
The secretary of tho Seafarers
Union, ln hla communication to the
shipping and mariuo agents, pointed
out that in the organization there were
many out of employment who had
served in tho Inst war, but evidently
the appeal was too far from the heart
of tho Empire to bo heard, and tho
Chinese crew still havo tho Jobs.
Eureka, Cal.—"I'm sorry to do thts,
buys, but tho Hammond Lumber Co.
insists on lt," said tbe sheriff of Hum-
doldt county, ns ho raidod I. W. W.
headquarters here. Six men were arrested.
Sydnoy, N. S,—Tho British Empiro
Steel Corporation Is hiring mlnel-B
through employment agencies out
west, whilo unemployment is prevalent about the mines and men at the
face cannot make a decent living.
ty
Newspapers Advocate Emigration As a Solution
of Problem
Fifty thousand men are reported
unemployed in Tokio, on Nov. 26, by
the employment office, which has only
very inaccurate means of measuring
the true conditions. On Dec. I, 9000
men were dismissed from the navy.
A few days previously, the war department announced plans for dismissing 25,000 soldiers, 4000 non-commissioned ollicers, lh-10 officers, 5500
arsenul laborers, and 70 civilian office
employees, within a short time.
The newspapers are campaigning
for emigration of (he unemployed, as
a solution of the problem. They offer
Brazil as a haven of refuge. This Is
quite In line' With Japan's imperialist
schemes on the South American Continent,
Some of (he newspapers advocate
unemployment bonuses sucb as are
paid in England, and the undertaking
of largo publid works projocts. The
government itself is paying little attention to tho problem. There is actually a shortage of labor In the rural
districts, but the frequent tenancy disputes, and tbe nrrognuce and greed
Iof the landlords is at tbe root of this
'shortage. Unemployment in the cities
Increases ns the dissatisfied farm laborer leaves the provinces in disgust
to find his fortune in the city.
A high rate of labo* turnover and
nn excess of how demand over supply
characterized the Tokio Labor situation In October, according to a bulletin issued by tbo police domurtment.
Total employees at the end of tbo
month stood at 178,059, and of that
number, 12,139 were employed during that month. At thc samo time,
10,531 were dismissed, which means
that through tho Industrial unrest,
many good positions were lost and refilled. Textile mills engaged 3737 and
| dismissed 3283; engineering and ma-
i chine shops engaged 3599, and dismissed 3117; chemical factories engaged 1837 and dismissed 1584.
To Our Realtors
Owing to the pressure on sftacc due
to the news of the mining disaster st
Cu mix-Hand, we have heen compelled
to omit thu final Installment of Uie
story of the report of the New York
Commission's report on the conditions
In the mine regions of Pennsylvania.
This Instalment wtll bc published
next week.
Clinton, Ind.—According to Cairy
Littlejohn, state mine inspector, radio
systems will bo Installed in mines in
Indiana ln a short time, He says lt
has been tried out successfully. PAOF TWO
fifteenth tbar. No. 7 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vahcotjvbb, b. c.
FRIDAY .._ February 16, Mil
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDEflATIOMIST
PaMtotoed every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonlet
Business Offices  1119 Howe Street
_Mltorlal   Office:    Room   806—819   Pender  Btreet  West
Mttartal Board:  P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, 3. _C.
Clark, Oeorge Bartley.	
Subeorlptlon Rate: United StateB and Foreign, $3.8* per
year; Canada, 88.66 per year, $1.60 tor six months; to
OMons subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
•Math.	
Unity of labor: The Hope ot tlie Worid
..February 16, 1928
An Investigation, Not a White
Wash Needed
THE mine disaster at Cumberland last Thursday
calls for thet strictest investigation. The government of this province has from time to time declared that the laws of the land shall bc enforced.
The laws, however, are not enforced except in the
interests of profits, as the miners only too well know.
* *        *
British Columbia has been credited with having
the best laws of any part of thc Empire with respect
to the regulation of mines and the safety of miners.
But disaster after disaster occurs, and investigations are held, the result being that there is a report
published which proves to the unthinking mass that
no one was to blame.
* *       *
In other cases investigations have been promised.
One such oase was in respect to a disaster in the
Crows Nest Pass some years ago. In 1919, Premier
Oliver promised that this disaster should bo investigated; later the Same getleman informed the representatives of the workers that the Minister of
Mines, thc Hon. Mr. Sloan-, did not think that it was
necessary, and the investigation never name off.
Usually when mine disasters are investigated, the
investigators endeavor to find out why the gas exploded; they nover seek to find out why the gas
was there and therefore becloud the issue. In other
words the investigations are whitewashing expeditions, and no ono is hurt but the poor slavos who
have forfeited thcir lives in the interests of greater
profits for a ruling class.
* »        *
We are rtliably informed that the ventilating system at No. 4 mino at Cumberland is inadequate;
that it would cost a considerable amount of money
to sink a new shaft, and that the manager, Mr.
Graham, has endeavored .to make the mine pay a.
profit on a largo capitalization, and to do this has
crimped at every point.
* *       *
We do not blame tho manager so much as we do
the lack of enforcement of the Coal Mines Regulation Act. We could say much on this point, and as
the case goes on we will endeavor to give our readers the facts; but while the government may have
to shoulder a large part of the blame, a man who
will sink s6 low that he will endanger thc lives of a
large number of men in order to secure profits lor
his employer, is but a sorry figure.
Startling incidents often set many things in motion which would not otherwise be precipitated, and
thc disaster on Vancouver Island may, if thc government is not altogether dead, and has any idea
if what the life of a man may mean to his family,
th». ijjieaus of prevention of further disasters.
-*''. ffeLMartd mines are not safe, they are not properly inspected, and the laws of the province are not
enforced. The men working at Cassidy Siding
realize that there may bp an explosion there at any
time. They realize the danger which they face, but
has thc government and the Minister of Mines taken
all the'necessary steps to see to it that the lives of
these men arc safeguarded. If not, why not. Who
controls thc government. The mine owners or thc
people. We know the answers to these questions,
but the miners themselves are unorganized. They
have no machinery whereby they ean secure tlie
necessary enforcmont of the laws to protect their
lives. Wc well know that some of our ultra-revolutionary friends will say that the only thing to do
is to abolish thc system, bul what of the meantime
while the workers are realizing that caitalism is tlie
cause of all their troubles; are thousands to die,
because the policy of do nothing prevents them from
securing even the most superficial care being taken
to prevent the wiping out of hundreds of mon who
enter tho bowels of the earth to earn a living and
produce profits for thoir masters. Surely the least
thc miners on the Island can do is to organize, and
by the means of thcir organized strength bring to
the knowledge of the public thc conditions under
which they work and die, and by so doing secure
a modicum of safety.
In the meantime, organized labor throughout the
province should demand from the government an
investigation, not a whitewashing bee, and an explanation as to why the gas was there and not how
it exploded. Oas will always explode if of sufficient
density, but why is it allowed to accumulate to that
point where it is possible for the situation to bc such
that an explosion is inevitable. Thc government can
answer this question, so can thc miners, and wc
want the answer from the government on thisoc-
casion.
Thc mines department, of the government of this
province is in thc hands of a cabinet minister. A
disaster occured in tho same mine at Cumberland
in the last days of August, 1922. Thc fact that
another disaster of greater magnitude eould bc possible in the month of February, 1923, proves
that this department is dead; that it has ceased to
function insofar as thc safety of the workers is concerned, and thc whole department should be cleaned
out, thc debris thrown into thc discard, and those
responsible for the enforcement of thc laws regarding the safety of miners, but who have failed in
their task of enforcing capitalistic laws, removed.
in thcir piasters' interests, but it is a question that
is being asked in Vancouver in these days pf peace.
Thc reason that the question is being asked, is
that the civic fathers in their wisdom and old age,
and with all the business acumen which they possess, have decided that if a man is single, the road
for him is by the brake beams of a freight train, or
thc ties, and that men who have reaehed the age of
forty cannot be taken on the city staff—that is, if
they are not "technicians" or some other type of
intellectuals.
Of course, the city will not bc so particular when
it comes to thc employment of casual labor, such as
has been needed this week for the shovelling of
snow, and when the streets are almost impassable,
but this condition only prevails in thc winter season.
But what of that? Single men cannot obtain work
in this fair Province or ours, even at the rate of 35
cents per hour on the Point Grey job, and the city
has decided that no man can secure employment on
the permanent staff after he is forty.
But possibly the readers of The Federationist
have not yet realized that we need immigrants. They
may have the idea that there are too many men, and
that there are not enough jobs to go round, and
consequently they may have arrived at an erroneous
conclusion and imagine that our country is not
prosperous, and that the country is going to the
bow-wows.  But it is not true, dear reader.
What Canada needs, is young, virile men, who
are married. So our advice to the single men who
have been condemned to the break rods and the ties,
is to get married right away, and in plenty of time
so that when they reach the age of forty, they will
have earned sufficient to secure them from poverty
in their old age. In fact the eity has made previsions for the aged who have served it in their youth,
or at least it is expected that such provisions may
be made. But tempus fugit; in other words and in
plain English, unless you arc married and of an age
where you can give the greatest amount of^labor-
power for the money you receive, Vancouver is no
place for you, and then the authorities wonder why
men leave home. Ye gods, this is the day of en.
lightenment and civilization. We are oniy too sorry
that we are over forty, or we might apply for a job
from the city and a pension for our old age.
Parliament and Democracy
OfrCE affair, the old political parties as represented by members of parliament who belong
to and support thc two wings of the capitalist class,
have demonstrated how close the interests of the
sham fighters of the capitalist class are. The demonstration was made in the Dominion House this
week when William Irvine, a Labor member, challenged the time-honored procedure of the lawmaking machinery.
The motion offered reads as follows, if press re
ports as correct: that
"a defeat of a government measure should not
be considered as a sufficient reason for thc resignation of the government unless followed by a
vote of lack of confidence."
Why the motion was ever introduced we do not
know, as the defeat of the governments by the
workers yithout their taking complete control of
the power of state, does not appear to be a very interesting thing for workers who have suffered unemployment and hunger under both Tory and
Liberal rule, but introduced it was and defeated by a combined Liberal and Tory vote.
SOCIAL   EVOLUTION
Too Old at Forty, but Where Do
We Go from Here?
•W/HERE do we go from here, boya," thc title of a
" song which was muoh in vogue in those days
whon the workers were slaughtering one another
The debate on the motion, however, revealed two
things; the first being that some people cling to the
idea that parliament should be the government and
that it is losing that function, and the other is that
democracy rests in the hands of a party eaueus.
To the simpleminded, the spectacle of a parliament which rules may appear to bc a possibility,
but the fact is that when the real rulers of any
country decide that a certain aggregation of politicians no longer can fit in the scheme of things
and decide that there shall be a change of government, that change takes place and mighty quick.
But what of democracy. Imagine if you can, dear
reader, that the interests of the dear pcorile rests
in the hands of a bunch of party politicians who do
their masters' bidding, just as do their hack writers
and tho wage worker on thc job. They are paid because of their efficiency to carry out tho wishes of*
those who choose them, and when they cannot deliver the goods they get the order of the can, just
as docs tho wage worker when he cannot produce
enough to satisfy his individual employer.
* *       «
But the humorous part of the whole thing, and
at the same time the most enlightening, was to sec
the Honorable Arthur Meighen, leader of His
Majesty's loyal opposition, lining up with the government to defeat a motion which was prepared by
a Labor member, and in so doing said:
Tho principle of thc resolution was not in the
interests of democracy. Thc government possessed the right to resign when it wished to,
and was'sole judge of the sufficiency of its
reasons.
* *        *
And there you have it all; the government possesses thc right to resign when it wishes, and wc
suppose in the interests of democracy, to refuse to
resign unless the higher-ups docide that it shall do
so, no matter what.the "people" think.
It'has been suggested by at least onc member of
parliament that immigrants should be carefully
selected. We have no objections, so long as the left
wing of the labor movement bc intrusted with the
task of selecting the future members o'f trade and
industrial organizations.
A new session of thc House of Commons has been
called, and thc legislators of this >ountry are sitting. What they are sitting on we do not know,
but wc are afraid that so far as the workers arc concerned, their efforts to hatch, anything good will
be abortive.
"When Our Ancestors Were Comnunists"
■ i      i i   _i-
WE HAVE heard It Bald that Social-fprostitution are the Inevitable results
l-tm    In    Im-l-i-iutl-l-.     aa   \t   In   a irat not     nf      IH'fvn t _.      nrnnarlv      nn_l     «f    _-._»-_•«
Ism Is Impossible, as It is against
human nature. This baseless assertion
met some severe Jolts last Thursday,
in the W. P. hall.
On a blackboard in view of the audience, was displayed the following*;.
"Capitalism has lasted about 160
years. "Feudalism about 1300 years."
"Chattel slavery about 6000 years."
"Primitive Communism has lasted
nearly half a million years." Modern
capitalism began with steam power
and machinery, while science* tells us
it was the ice age of half a million
years ago which forcod primitive man
to congregate In the caves, and to
combine in a struggle against frost
and famine. Tho Ice age destroyed
the greater part of life previously existing, and lt was only co-operation
which saved our race. We know that
instincts, or fixed habits are inherited.
This being so, it Is more natural for
man to still possess tendencies which
existed ln practice for hundreds of
thousands of years, than to be eternally wedded to a system which permits
an idle class to own the earth, and
rob the producers.
Dr. Curry quoted from Louis Morgan's "Ancient Society," "Propotkin's
Mutual Aid," and other works, to substantiate his statements, that mutual
aid haB been more universal mong human and brute species, than has war.
True, the ruling class historians have
glorified combat, and the triumph of
the upper dog, ln order to teach Us
to-be ready to flght the battles of the
master class, but even Darwin showed
how those races, which practiced cooperation survived, while the others
perished.
Morgan Rediscovers Historical
Materialism
This statement is made by Frederick
Engles, in his "Origin ot the Family."
Morgan lived among the Iroquois of
New York State for many years, in
order to study ancient society, represented, by this race. He found the
Red Indians of America was passing
from savagery to civilization, from
tribal property rights, and morals to
those of our day. He also discovered
that they were passing Into habits ,of
dissipation, which ends ln extermination, and he has shown that this
transition was due to the recognition
of private property.
The speker briefly referred to the
various forms of sex relationship
which exlBted In primitive times. As
man has evolved from the animal
kingdom, we must have passed
through the same mating, and reproductive stages as our progenitors tho
of private property, and of human
slavery. Primitive people had no incentive for race-suicide, or birth control, aa-we have. Mother-rule prevailed, but when private property and
polygamy developed, a double standard of morals resulted. The "Holy
Patrarchs" of old such as "Solomon
the Wise," might have hundreds of
wives and concubines, but death was
the penalty, should woman, the slave*
sex, have sex relations with any but
tier lord and master.
Tho Sacred Rlghta of Property
When Jehovah wrote the Commandments with "His linger" on the stone
tablets, we see the hand of property.
The Chosen People were in- that transition stage between Communal and
patriarchial rule, and so we have the
commands: "Thou shalt not steal property," "Thou shalt not commit adultery," for thy master desires that his
property should be left only to his offspring, and he will take no chances.
"Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's
wife, his ox, nor his ass, nor anything
that is his," for "God has so ordered
it," and so we see the material basis
of religion and morals, and the mission
of the medicine man, the doctors of
divinity _to fit the rights of property.
"Communism had to make way for
private property, today private property in the means of life musk make
way for the new Communism. Communism is the unpardonable sin
against the holy trinity of rent, interest and proflt, This ls why our capitalist governments did their best to
destroy the Soviet republic in their
blockade and intervention, and in the
acquiescence of the moral and spiritual lights of the world, regarding
these outrages, we behold again the
material basis of morals and religions.
In this indirect massacre of tens of
thousands of "innocents" in Russia,
we see once more the bloody hands
of Herod,- attempting to slay the
young king of Communism, who
would destroy the imperial powers of
slavery.
Today we can hear again the cries
of the psychologized mob, the dupes
of property concepts, "Away with
them, crucify them, and release unto
us, Barrabas, the robber."
But the time Is ripe, and rotten-
ripe for change. Everywhere we see
the rising bourgeoisie struck from the
hands of the feudal lords, the sceptre
of privilege and power, so today the
workers in all lands are gathering
strength to destroy capitalism, and to
establish a world Communism, ln
which will be assembled all the factors
Morgan shows that the native Ha-
wallans still retain a kinship terminology which is the vestigel .remains of
a Bystem, where intermarrying of brothers and sisters, and of blood relations ln general waB In practice. But
long ago these Island people, together
with all existing savages, doubtless
discovered through experience, that
inter-breeding meant decline and
death, and so the "consanguine family" passed out of existence.
But the Huwniians and many primitive tribes, still practice "group mar-'
riage," and what Morgan termed the
"Puntman family" is the typical form.
In this, parents and children, brothers
and Bisters, are. not permitted to marry
but marriage takes place between different branches of the tribe. The
women of one division or gens, are
collectively the wives of the men of
the same generation of another gens,
or division of the tribe. We also know
that there are no "bachelors" of either
sex, among primitive people; marriage
relations ls the natural state. All
members of the tribe have equal
rights to their share of food, and
communal property in general, apd
this Included aex privileges as well.
We now know that the crimes of
theft, of polygamy,  of adultery -and
apes, and the lower animals practise,  which can lift mankind to intellectual
and moral freedom and power,
' Aa the Communist manifesto says:
"A Btage haa now been reached, where
the exploited and oppressed classes
cannot attain Its emancipation without
at the same time, and once and for all
emancipating society lh general from
all exploitation, oppression, class distinctions and class struggles."
The subject for next Thursday will
be, "Evolution and the Bible."
Nationalistic Wave
Sweeps Over Germany
(Continued from Page 1)
ed.   What is true of Berlin is true of
other cities.       #
In the Ruhr valley the mailed
French fiBt is ruling relentlessly.
Workers and employers' alike, who
disobey orders have been thrown Into
prison. Offers have been made to the
workers to labor in return for better
bread, higher wages and more food.
But the Oerman workers point out
that the French miners are notoriously underpaid, and that ln peace their
lot was worse than that of any large
mining country of Eprope.   They call
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
- TO PARTICULAR MEN
31
1383
STORRY
Upstairs at 653 OBANVILLE STREET
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
TRADES UNIONISTS
TAKE NOTICE
THE FOLLOWING BAKERIES EMPLOY
ALL UNION BAKERY SALESMEN
SHELLY BROS. LTD.     *
STEVENSON'S BAKERY
GRIFFITH'S BAKERY
THESE FIRMS PRODUCE AS GOOD BREAD
AS ANY IN THE CITY.   THEIR SERVICE
IS OF THE BEST.
WHY HAVE YOUR BREAD DELIVERED
TO YOUR HOME BY A NON-UNION MAN?
Be Consistent, and Patronize Those
Firms Which Employ Union Labor
LOCAL 371 BAKERY SALESMEN
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.    -
The Harvey
Knit Underwear
For Spring Is In
Popular New Styles Rightly Priced
WELL fashioned garments that will find
favor with women who want Underwear that fits well and wears well.
Harvey Vests, ribbed or plain, witb beaded edge or
French band, priced from 35^ to $1.25.
Harvey Directoire Knickers, flesh <jolor or white—
75^ to $2.50 pair.
Harvey Union Suits, in various popular styles,
beaded edge or French band, flesh color or white.
Priced from $1.25 to $3.50 suit.
#
—Drysdale's Knit Underwear Shop, First Floor
attention to the fact that In the Saar
valley, now under French control; the
workors* conditions are worse than In
Germany.
The workers can afford to take a
few days off for a strike here and
there. Until the French Invasion began they were working overtime, especially In the mining pits', and they
have accumulated small reserves.
But they will be ground between the
millstones. On the one hand Ib the
definite command from the German
government to all German clthens not'
to raise a hand to help the enemy.
On the other hand, the Ruhr region
ls occupied by troops and tanks and
all the accoutrements of war, and
workers may be stood up and shot
"aB an example."
At first there wub talk In labor circles ol starting a general, Btrike
throughout the occupied area. But
the trade unions feel'the French won't
know,what to do with the Ruhr Industry anyway, and that will only add to
their own national deficit by this costly expedition. i
FEBRUARY CLEARANCE
SALE
Ladies' Coats, Suits and Dresses
Away Below Cost.
'SEE   OUR   BARGAINS
Famous ^w££_*
828 HASTINOS ST.. Hwi OrenTUl.
Union Labol League of tho
Trades and Labor ConneU
WHIST DRIVE
AND DANCE
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 16th
Alexandra Dancing Pavilion
Theatrical Trades Participating.
Whist, 8:15 p. m.    DanciiiK from 9 p.
m. to 2 a. in.
Ring np Phone Seymour 2854
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Sulio   SOI   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
COAL
YALB SOOTLE88
AND NANAIMO
Kindling _>««
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL COMPANY
1440 O KAN VILLE  Sey. SSIO
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 Georgia Street
Snnday services, 11 t,m, and 7:80 p.m.
Sot-da), achool immediately following
uorning lervlee. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free readln* room,
901-908 Birks Bid*.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BARRISTERS,  SOLICITORS. ETO.
401-40B Metropolitan Building
837 Haattngi St. W. VANOOUVER. B. 0.
Telephones: Seymonr 6666 and 6667
IF IT'S
1
Kirk's Coal
--IT-
DOES LAST LONGER
COSTS NO MORE
NOW
Kirk & Co.
Limited
929 Main Street
Phones:  Sey. 1441 and 465
Office No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075    -
.■--_■■■«■—■■•'
B. r. Harrison s. A. Party
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO., LTD.
AMBULANCE SERVICE
28. KIKOSWAT      VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
Phone Falrmon. 68
BE SURE YOO OET
VAN BROS.
■WHEN YOU ASK FOR
-CIDER-
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances,
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
Phone, Highland 90.
Mainland
Cigar Store
810 OARRALL BTREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
r\ID yon ever "hold tbe lino!" That
■*■' is hold the telephone receiver to yonr
ear for what aeemod like hours, while
someone you had called np looked np
papera or other things to answer yonr
enquiry I
When you arff called by telephone and
must take time to look up something, It
is better to pny, "I will look It up and
eall you."
This little courtesy will not only pre*
vent the callor from becoming impatient,
but will release both lines for othor calls.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANY
=—"LAID  OFF"—
Two Short Worth, Bridging tho Gulf Between
COMPORT and POVERTY
Hava ron protect., yoanolf and jroor family agalnat .net an ea.ri.ney,
with a SA VINOS AOOOONT— tk. moat TOlnnble Aaaet a man ean ban ler
th. "RAINY DAT."
Wa STRONGLY BEOOUHIND ron to Mart nek an aeeonnt AT OHOE,
at one ol onr 01t7 Branehea .
HASt-NOS anl SETMOUB Oaa. I. Harruon, Hanaier
Cordon and Abbott Main and Ittk An. Mala aad Broadway
WBBBB TOO WILL __MB_VB PBOMPT AID OOUBTBOtU A_*fB_r__0»
Union Bank of Canada
—If ran are llrinf in a eemnmaliy aat pMrldad wttk BaaMai ladlltle
i n. by mall, and vt wfll b. glad to (-Ida r«_ In _M»-rt to "BaiiUnf by I
J FRIDAY      February 11, 1MJ
FIFTEENTH YEAR.
No. 7 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vAxcotrvm. a c.
PAGE THREE
at 1 Price
FOR A LIMITED PERIOD ONLY
My 16-year Written Guarantee with all work.
PHONE ME TODAY FOE AN
APPOINTMENT
PHONE SEYMOUR 3331
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Corner Beymour
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
' VAMCOBVER TBADES AND LABOR
Council—President,    B.   H-   Neelands,
JI.L.A.; genoral secretary, Percy R. Ben*
1  gough.   Offloe:   808, 819 Pender Bt, W.
Phone Boy. 7498.   Moeta-ta Lator Hall at
8 p.m. oi the Ont and third Taesdayi
in month.	
ALLIED PRINTING TRADEB OOUN*
oil—Mots seoond Monday In thai
month. President, J. R. Whito; secre.
tary, R, H. Neelands, P. 0. Box fill.
BAKERY SALESMEN. LOCAL 871—
Meeta second Thursday every month,
819 Pendor St. W. President, J. Bright-
wwll; finanoial aeoretary, H. A. Bowron,
8849  burns  St. .
JOURNEYMEN   BARBERS'    INTERNA*
tlonal Union of America—Locat  190,
Vaneonver, B.C., meats aeoond and fount
Tuesdays in each month in Room 818, 810
Pender Street Woat.    President,  0.  E.
Barrett, 71 Hutings St  E.     Socretary,
A B. Jani, 820 Oimbie St    Shop phona,
80f. 1708. Residence phone, Dong. 817 IR.
INTERNATIONAL  BROTHERHOOD OF
Boilermakers,   iron   Shipbuilders   and
Helpers' of Amorica, Local 194—Meetinga
;  Ant and third Mondays In uch month.
-President, P. Willis; seeretary, A. Fraser.
Oflee:    Room 808—819  Pender Bt. W.
pace hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 Jto 6 p.in.
BR10KLAVEUB AND MA SON 6—1 f   yon
need bricklayers or masons for boiler
worka,   etc,   or   marble   setters,   phone
Bricklayers' Union, Labor Ttf_ple._
UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OF    OAR*
penters and Jolnera, Loeal 462—Presl-
, dent, Wm, Dunn;    recording   secretary,
,   0««. SneU; bulnesa agent, Oe*. H. Hardy.
.   Offlce:    Room 894, 819   Pander   St W.
, MooU aeoond and fourth Mondays, 8 p*m#,
Boom 8, 819 Pender Bt W.	
CIVIC EMPLOYEES UNION —Meeta
firat and third Fridaye in eaeh month,
at 148 Oordova Street WeBt President,
David Cuthlll. 2852 Albort Streot; Secretary • Treasurer,  Oeorge  Harrison.   1885
Woodland Drive. 	
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, 148 OOR-
dova St. W-—Educational mootings
evory Snnday evening, 8 o'clock, Bnsi-
nese meetings every Wednesday evening,
A. Maclnnis, chairman; E. H. Morrison,
Soc.'TreaB.; Oeo. D Harrison, 1335
Woodland Drive, Vanoouver, B. 0., Oor*
roeponding Secretary.        	
OITY FIBBFIOHTBBS UNION No. IB-
President Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Fire*
hall;    Secretary,  0.  A Watson,  No. «
Fit*    "
* uenu. .
HOTBL AND RESTAURANT Employees
Union, Loeal 28—141 Seymour Street
Meets first and third Wednesdays at 2.80
pjn. Second and (oarth Wednesdays at
8.80 p.m. Exeoutlve board meets every
Tuesday at 8 p.m. President W. Colmar.
Buslneas agent, A. Oraham.   Phone Sey.
1881. ,
LUMBER WORKERB' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OF CANADA—An industrial onion ef all workera ln logging and construction camps. Coast District and Oeneral Headquarters, 01 Oordova St. W, Vancouver. B. 0. Phone Sey.
7850. J. M. Clarke; general secretary*
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Biro,
Macdonald * Co., Vancouver, B. 0.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar k Chiene. -Vancou-
i  ver. B. C.
i MACHINISTS LOOAL 892—President,
Ed, Dawson"; aecreUry, R. Hirst; busl-
. fte» agent, P. B> Bongough. ..Office: 809,
I 819 Pender Bt W. Meeta In Room 8,
A19 Pender St. W., on seoond and fourth
i Tuesday in month.
I MACHINISTS    LOCAL    183—President,
m      Leo  Oeorge;  socrotary,  J.   Q.   Keefe;
m business agent, P. R. Bengough.    Offlco:
i 809, 819 Pender Bt. W.    Meets in Room
B18, 819 Pender St. W. on first and third
J Thursdays in month.
I MUSICIANS    MUTUAL    PROTECTIVE
T     UNION,   Local   145,   A.   F.   of  M.—
I Moots at Mooso HaU, Homor Stroet, sec-
I ond Snnday, at  10 a.m.    President. Er-
[ nest C. Miller, 991 Nelson Street; Secre-
! tary,  Edward Jamieson,  091 NeUon St.;
. Financial Socrotary, W. E. Williams, 991
Nelson Street; Organizer, F. Fletcher, 991
,  Nelson Street.
■  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DEOO-
rators and Paperftangers   of   America.
Local   188,   Vanoouver—Meets   2nd  sad
4th Thursdays at   148 Cordova" Bt. W.
Phone Bey. 8491.   Business agent R* A
Barker. h	
i  PILE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF and
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets
,  in Lahor Hall, 810 Pender St. W., every
I 2nd and 4th Friday at 6 p.m. Jai. Thomp-
t son, Financial Seoretary.
L SAILORS'   tTNION   OF  THE  PACIFIC,
f     185 Oordova 8t W., P. 0. Box  571.
Phono Bey. 8708.    Mooting! every Monday St 7:80 p.m.   P. Hookaday, Business
Agent.	
FEDERATED SEAFARERS'  UNION OF
B.C.—Meeting    nights,    firBt   Tuosday
and third Friday of each month at headquarters, 818 Cordova St W.   President,
D.  Gillespie;   vice-president, John Johnson;    secretary* treasurer,   Wm.   Donaldson,   address   818   Cordova   Bt.   West
Branch   agent's   address:  Wm.  Franclt,
1424 Government St., Victoria, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL UNION STEAM AND
I     Operating Engineers, Loeal 844, meets
f every Thursday at   8   p.m.,   Room   807
t Labor Temple.    Secretary-Treasurer,   N.
[ Green, 958 Hornby Bt. Phone Bey. 7048R.
Recording Secretary, J. R. Campbell, 808
First Street, North Vancouver.	
STREET AND BLECTRIC RAILWAY
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No, 101
—Meets K. P. Hall, 8th and Klngsway,
1st and 3rd Mondaya at 10:16 a.m. and 7
p.m. Pn sident. F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
Dr.; recording-secretary, A. V, Lofting;
treaaurer, A. F, Andrew; Ananclal-see-
retary end business agent, W. II. Cot-
troll, 18fi—-17th Avo. W.; offlce, corner
Prior and Main Sts. Phono Fair. 4504Y
JOURNEYMEN I'AILORS' UNION Or
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Mi'iii-iiy In <<ach month, fl p.m Pr***
idont, A, R. Oatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
Dolk; recording secretary, C. McDonald,
P. 0. Box 503;    flnanolal   secretary. P.
i MoNoish, P. Q, Boi 608. *^
SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO
.. Soviet Russia, Vancouver braneh, moeta
first and third Sundays eaoh month, 2
' p.m., at 61 Cordova Bt W. For Information write to branch secretary, S.T.A.B.R.,
61 Cordova Bt- W., _Vanconver, B. 0.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
President, Wm. Skinner; vice-president,
A. Tucker; socretary-treasurer, R, H.
Norlands, p. 0. Box 66. Meets last
Snnday of eaoh month at 2 p.m.
NANAIMO TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION
No* 887—President J. 3. Begg, vice-
president, R J. Stewart: secretary-treasurer, L, 0. Gilbert, P. 0. Bot 478, Nf
nllmo, B. C.
Behinc.4
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe lo Eat"
HASTINOS AND COLUMBIA STS.
One dollar and fifty centa la the coat
I for a alx montha' esbscriptlon to The
[■ Fodoratlonlet
Slater's
Week-end
Specials
123 Haatings St. E.....Sey. 3202
1191 Granville S_....:....Scy. 01-»
32110 Main St .Pair. 1083
830  Granvillo  St Soy.  860
FREE    FREE    FRE1.
Stevenson's 18-oz. loaves of
Brawl—Fit HE
With  J. lb. Slater's Red Labol
Tea, at BOc—1 loaf free.
With    1  lb.    Slater's    Streaky
. Bacon, at 45c—1 loaf -.••o.
With 1 doz. B. C. Fresh Eggs,
at 45c—1 loaf freo.
With one 4-lb. tin Pure Orange
Marmalade,   at   55c—1   loaf
free.
From i n.m. to 12 noon Saturday
Phone   your  orders on   Friday
or  Saturday—we  will
deliver them.
Tho B. C. ^resh Eggs are large
—not pullets.
FRESH MEAT DEPARTMENT
Choice Pot Roasts, | ft. —
from,  per  lb lUv
Choice Oven Roasts  1Q1-
from,   per  lb.        l__2v
Choice Rolled Roasts
from, per lb	
Choice Boiling Beof
from, per lb	
Choice Boneless Stew
Beef, 2 lbs. for 	
18c
8c
25c
LARD   LARD    LAKD
Burns' Famous Shamrock Pure
Lari"' CB.
3   lbs.  for   „.. OOC
Slater's  Famous  Port   Should"
ers, weight 4 to 8 lbs.
Only, lb	
ieiic
REAL LOCAL LAMB
Local Lamb Legs,      Qg-
per lb  OOC
Local  Lamb  Loins,   OA.
por lb  OUC
Choice Meaty Cuts of Lamb,
3 to 6 lbs., OOlrf*
per lb    oC£t2 C
Slater's Sugar Cured
Picnic Hams,  lb	
18k
Sliced Smoked Qg-
lloll Bucon,  lb  _£OC
Sliced Streaky. .Bacon, por lb.,
40cAND 45c
AYHSIUllE BACK BACON
Havo you tried Slater's Famous
Ayrshire Bacon ? There is
nothing finer for frying. Special, Friday and
Saturday, sliced, lb-
Fine Pry Mealy Spuds,
per sack  .	
Fine Dry Mealy
Ashcroft Spuds .
35c
$1
$1.50
At Slater's Stores
WITH FAEE DELIVERY
Takes Parting Shot at U. S.
Before Leaving for
Soviet Republic
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
New Tork.—"I am going back tb
Russia, where I would rather exist on
black    bread    than the best ln the
United States."
Such was the parting shaft of Isadora Duncan, who before she opened
a school ot dancing for children under
soviet auspices in Moscow was called
by critics the world's greatest classical
dancer. Then she turned her back
on the reporters and walked with her
husband, up the gangplank of the
liner Qeorge Washington. Arid the
reporters rushed gleefully to the telephones to give the "rewrite" men. In
their offices material for final crowning stories calculated to make newspaper readers think that Isadora Duncan was half crazy, .
vHer going marked the close of the
most persistently misrepresented, the
most malignantly lled-about tour of a
great artist ever made In America,
Greeted, in New York's finest auditoriums by eager audiences which encored her again and again; barred from
appearing a second time ln Boston because , sensation-seeking . reporters
played up,. exaggerated and distorted
a chance Incident in her programme;
prevented from giving a free programme In a New York church by a Wall
Street bishop who went out of his way
to slur her, her final performance
was given in the big Lexington theatre here under the auspices of the
Friends of Soviet Russia for the benefit of Russian children.
"Throughout my stay here," she.
said, "I have been harassed by detectives and deliberately lied about by
the newspapers. When I arrived I
was held at Ellis Island on the suspicion that I was a 'dangerous radical.'
When-that charge waa proved to be
ridiculous the papers nevertheless
seized upon this estimate of me and
caused lt to color all their articles.
Reporters sent to interview me, instead of asking me about dancing, or
about Russia, wanted to know what I
thought about 'free love'."
Though the theatres were always
crowded when she 'danced, her manager decided he could not continue her
tour because of the slanderous newspaper articles that were published
wherever she went.
"They said," she declared, "that my
dancing of Tschalkowsky's Marche
Slav was revolutionary propaganda
for the Russian government. Well, I
danced to the same music in the Metropolitan opera house before the Russian revolution, ahd then the same
newspapers called It wonderful art!"
9
Workers of New Zealand
Are Not Scared by
Press Headlines
Auckland, N. Z.—During t|ie recent
national elections the newspapers In
40 electoral districts were almost completely in the hands of the Conservative Party. Their polloy was bitterly
anti-Labor.
When the votes were counted these
40 constituencies had rolled up 26,-
000 more votes for the Labor Party
than for the' Conservative Party. In
Auckland Labor elected five members
of parliament, and the Conservatives
four.
The Conservative press played up
wild stories of Bolshevism that had
been exploded months, and some of
them years ago. Their favorite phrase
was "bloody revolution." The New
Zealand Herald (Conservative) of this
city, for example, ran a streamer headline full across the front page the day
before election, reading:
"IF YOU RETURN THE MASSEY PARTY YOU AVOID THE
RUSSIAN TERROR CONSPIRACY."
If you return tho Massey Party
you avoid tho Russian terror Conspiracy,
In the country, as a whole, the Conservatives  nevertheless got  38  sea
the Liberals 20, Labor 17, others 6
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
started an Induitrlal bank ot their
own, in which the state industries and
the railway! are at preaent shareholders, with the prospect that the department of foreign trade will also enter.
The relation between theie two groups
is one of the meet hotly contested problems of technique now being fought
out In Russia.
It is the old contest between Induitrlal and financial capital, but carried
more frankly than In capitalist
countries, since the individual on each
side of the struggle have no personal
flnanclal interests to serve. The State
bank, and the department of finance
contend that each Industry should
come to them for credit, and that the
profits they make from the better Industries should go directly to the general state funds.
The men in charge of state Industry,
on the other hand, maintain that industry and transport must be built up
a united front, the proceeds from
the lighter Industries, which have
quickly recuperated, going to help
finance the heavy and more Important
Industries which are in dire need of
long term credits. They claim that
the policy of the State bank is leading
to disruptive competition between
State trusts, weakening them in favor
of private capitalists.
FULL SUFFRAGE
IS
Starting with Paper Rubles,
It Now Has a Gold
Reserve    -
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—The Russian State Bank,
which started a year ago with $10,-
000,000 worth of rapidly depreciating
paper rubles, has now a reserve of
gold, In bars and coins, amounting to
$20,000,000, besides deposits in the
Moscow bank alone of another $20,-
000,000. \
This is a very small sum for a government bank, but, obtained as it was,
from a beginning of paper, shows remarkable progress. It was obtained,
however, by the application of a very
hard policy towards all Btate industries, the exaction of heavy interest
and of a share in profits made abroad.
Under this preB&ure the state industries  have   grown   restive  and   have
LUMBER WORKERS'
NEWS AND VIEWS
Lumber Barons "Burn with Anger"
'THE members of the Lumbermen's*
* Association state that they are incensed at the refusal of the Provincial government to pass an amendment to the Forest Act making it'illegal to smoke In the woods. Knowing the real reason why the logging
operators wanted this amendment
passed, one can understand why they
are burning with anger,    ,
Very few bush fires arise as the result of loggers smoking in the woods.
In faet such a thing is almost unknown; but fires do start as the result
of the fact that logging operators are
in such a rush to make profits that
they do not take the proper precautions that would avert the danger ot
fires, It Is no uncommon eight to
see a logging camp running full blast,
all the crew at work taking out logs,
and a fire blazing right on the claim
where they are working.
Almost all bush Ares start as a result of the camp owners not taking
any steps to prevent flre, because it
would cost money, and profits must be
made no matter what the results.
They desire to prevent smoking tn
the woods for the same reason that
they do not want to take flre precautions, They do- not want the meu
who are working for them to take up
time smoking that couild bespent in
producing profits. That ts the only
point that appeals to the average
"Tyee" logger.
•        \	
A Call to Action
Secretary L.W.I.U.
Fellow worker: I am sending you
a few notes for publication in the Fed.
regarding tho necessity of the Coast
Loggers uniting their forces this sum
mer in an effort to Improve their con'
ditions,
From all accounts it would appoar
that the present is going to be one of
the best years that the lumber barons
have ever had on thin coast for several years. The mills have orders
booked ahead for several months, and
the market conditions are the best
they have been in years. Undoubtedly all camps will bo running to full
capacity this year, and there will be
work for anyone who knows anything
about logging.
With that state of affairs staring us
In tho face, it is necessnry that we
bend every effort to see that our conditions are Improved, as wo will have
a great opportunity to compel the
masters to como to our terms,
During tho past two years wo have
beon losing ground, and in a few
years all trace of tho conditions which
our union made possiblo during 1919
and 1920 will have disappeared altogether, that Is lf we do not do
everything possible to prevent the
master class from imposing those conditions on us. In two years we did
more to Improve the living conditions
In tho lumber camps than had been
done during the past twenty yoars,
and we would still be on the job carrying on this work if It had not been
but for the agents of the boss who
got ln among us and did all they
could to break us up.
|
Radicals and Socialists to Be
Put in Goal During
Discussion
[By Gertrude Haessler]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Tokio—Full manhood suffrage is
the llvest Issue before the diet this
year. The National Federation of
Suffragists is planning many demonstrations. ,
The Selyukal, the party representing capital, and corresponding roughly
to the conservative wing of the American Republican Party, ls the only
party that has not committed itself
definitely to help in passing the suffrage bill. Viscount Takahashl, the
mouthpiece of the party, claims that a
study of social conditions In Japan
must be made before granting universal suffrage. He condemned the other
parties for demanding immediate extension of suffrage without making a
careful investigation. He states that
the history of Japan does not warrant
the granting of the suffrage, and that
the people are not yet Intelligent
enough to govern themselves.
THe Metropolitan police board Is
getting out its blacklist preparatory
to arresting and holding In jail all persons on the list in order to prevent
disturbances during the session of the
diot. The list includes Socialists and
other radicals. These people will be
arrested' without having committed an
offense, and will be held without
charge during the debates on the suffrage question in the diet.
The persecution of agitators in
Japan continues, Uniformed police
raided a house in Kyoto and arrested
several Koreans, The only charge
against the men was that th'ey are
members of an association seeking the
Independence of Korea. On the same
day an alleged anarchist, was arrested
on the technical charge of stealing
dynamite. A meeting of Korean laborers ln Osaka was also broken up
by the police and a number of leaders
arrested.
Come and Look at this
IMPERIAL
RANGE
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2y2-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high, warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
We can not blame them for doing
this. It is us who are to blame for
allowing them to do it. It is to the
interest of the master class to provent us organizing, and to break us
up if we are organized, and lt seems
more than passingly strange that
after all the propaganda that has been
spread in this part of the country,
that we still flnd such a small number
of men who realize that we must
ruthlessly put down any one who tries
to provent us getting together. One
would think that at this day and
date lt would be hard to flnd a working man who .did not see the necessity of the workers combining ln order to be better able to flght for the
protection of their interests, but
among the Coast loggers the reverse
is true. Among them it Beems that
there are but few who undertsand the
value or the necessity of the workers
being organized.
Now the latest news is that there Is
an attempt being made to establish
another union among the lumbor
workers. This looks like some more
of the "divide and rule" tactics of the
master class, and as we look back
over the history of this union which
Is now trying to establish itself
among the Coast loggers, the I.W.W.,
we can soon see that lt has been used
for years by the master class to divide
the workers Into rival warring factions. If they are sincere in their
efforts to organize the working'class,
why did they_xefuse to combine with
us to flght the lumber barons on the
coast of British Columbia? If they
are the great revolutionists they claim
to be, how is lt that Ihey are never
blacklisted like the mcbers of the L.
W. I, U. of Canada are? If they are
not blacklisted and fought against
by the employer, it seems to me that
that is proof positlvo that tho master
knows he has nothing to fear from
them.
Wo are the only real organization
of lumber workers in Canada; we are
the organization that improved the
camps 100 per cent. In two years, and
we are something more than that, wo
areNilso the only real revolutionary
labor union In this country. Wo have
boon accepted as part of tho Red International, the only revolutionary
labor union international in the world.
What more does any ono want than
that?
Let us get busy to organize our
forces and conduct an unremitting
fight against the lumber barons tbls
summer. We will never have a boiler
opportunity. It ls up to all tbe radicals to get busy and me that we are
firmly united, and a {borough fighting
force, so that wo can tako advantago
of tho present opportunity to improve
our conditions. DHL. 007.
"Be sure to notify the post offlce as
Boon as you change your address.
At the Orpheum
" Julian Eltlnge, celebrated delineator
of feminine characterizations on'stage
and screen, who will be at the Orpheum theatre this week, says that
acting for the camera broadens and
strengthens an artist for work before
audiences.
"I flnd that I have learned a great
deal in the studiOB that helps me now
In vudeviile," says Mr. Eltlnge. "For
instance, I am most precise and clear-
cut In getting across the footlights,
and I am careful about my facial expressions. I 'register' now every
phnse of feeling wblch I sing about,
and that was something I did not do
before I became 'camera wise.' I used
to sing and be satisfied to let my voice
do the trick, but now I use everything
possible that will 'register' the lyric.
Pictures mako you think everything)
out in advance, and give your work a
crisp, clean-cut effect that audiences
appreciate. Picturo playing forces you
to conceive situations and Bcenes definitely and concretely. It takes the
haziness out of acting and gives you
punch and certainty. I flnd that the
studios have improved my work,on
tho speaking stage."
INFORMATION WANTED
Will anyono who knew Anthony
O'Nell, a logger who 'at one time
worked at Myrtle Point and otbef. logging centres, and who know of his
present whereabouts, please comrou-
nicale with his brother, A. L. O'Nell,
Aberdeen C. B. N. S., or Mrs. Esplin,
','07 Seymour Street, Vancouver, B. C.
i—0RPHIUM-
COM.  WIU).  EVE.  FEB. 21_t
Fonr MiR-t- md Thwe _U_.n_.i
 JULIAN   ELTINOE	
 CHARLIE. WH30N	
BPPELL «_d DPNIGAH
Al»-—COOOAM -nd CASEY—M»nr
MIONONBTTE KOKU* M< °».
______ NEVADA Mid OO
ME. BICHABD KEAN
T_» EmiiuDt Engliih Legltlm.H
Actor.
MtM: _5o to _Sc;"KI<bU: 25c to 11
Twlc ___ g.3» "*■ __\
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union urchi-Htm.
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FIFTEENTH TEAR.   No. 7
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
vANcopvro, g. a
FRIDAY -February
10, It.
Buys You a Handsome Pure
Wool Super-tailored
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This is the greatest opportunity of the season to secure the very Overcoat you want
at a price so low as to be utterly inconsistent with the high qualities offered. The
range includes big roomy models in all colors, and practically every style. They're all
from our regular stock and made throughout as only DICK'S Coats are tailored—the
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this clearance price. Remember, included
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Values up to $35
WILLIAM DICK UMITED
45-49 Hastings St., East
jaggi   COMPLETE SATISFACTION GUABANTBED    "**
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        655 Granvillo Street
Sey. 988-673 "SAY FT WITH FLOWER8"       -   Sey. 9513-1391
To Buyers of Printing
-M-M_^i-^-«-a-M«-«M-M-^-B-n-^_^_^-^-^_i-H-^-^-^M__«M-^-^-^-MMB__M-M-i-^-MP_M-M.
npHB following firms have established the 44-hour week, and
* are therefore the only printing offices operating under conditions which are fair to the undersigned organization:
Arcade Printers, Homer Stroet Arcade. Sey. 4fl33
B. 0. Printing and Litho Ltd., Smythe and Homer Sts Sey. 8338
Broadway Printers, 818 Broadway East  „..—...Pair. 208
Citizen,  Tho,   1451 Broadway West  „ Bay.   357
Cowan A Brookhouse,  1129 Howe St „ Sey. 4490-7421
Dunsmuir Printing, 437 Dunsmuir Street Sey. 1106
Evans,   Charles  A.,   1876   Kingsway ™.....„„ .Pair, 780
Kershaw, J. A., 684 Seymour Street  _ Sey. 8674
Mitchell-Foley,  Ltd.,   129 Hastings St. W Sey. 9238
North Shore Pross, North Vancouver ...  _.„N. V.   80
Pacific Printers, 600 Tower Building  Soy. 9592
Pennie, James, 213 Hastings Stroet East  Sey. 8129
Progressive Printers,   18 Victoria Drive   ........High. 2279
Record Publishing Co., 629 Pender St. W.   Soy. 7808
Rogers Printing Co., 580 Homer Street Sey. 6440
Seymour Press, 423 Richards St -   Sey. 8728
Shilvoik Bros-, Typesetters, 341 Fender St. W....... Sey.   534
Shilvock- Jack son, Typefounders, 841 Ponder St. W Sey.   584
Star Printing Co., 812 Pender St. West  Sey. 8608
Sun Publishing Co., 137 Pender St. West „ Sey.    40
Timms, A. H.. 230—14th Avenue _ Pair. 1372
Vancouver Job Printers,  737 Ponder St. West Sey. 2021
Vancouver Printing Sorvice, 619 Metropolitan Building....Sey. 2192
■Ward, Lionel A Co.. Ltd., 314 Homer Bt   Soy.   195
Woodruff. E. L. ft Son, 1580 66th Ave, W.  ....Ebur. 189
Wrlgley Printing Co., Ltd., 429 Homer gt ,. Sey. 3825
Vancouver typographical union No. 226
Tho undermentioned Arms arc non-union, instigators or supporters of the "AMERICAN PLAN'* In the printing trade in
Vancouver, and consequently opposed to union men and union
principles.
Biggs, Anderson, Odium, Ltd. 0. A. Roedde, Ltd.
J. W. Boyd Rose, Cowan A Latta
SET __X-. Itti. VneeiaVslnler.
Murphy A Chapman White  A  Bindpn
Nicholson, Ltd Vancouver Stationers
Where QUALITY
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
-AT-
CAL-VAN
MARKET
OPPOSITE   PANTAGES
T
Prince Rupert Workers Also
Elect Labor Man to
School Board     "
The Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Council reports that Buccess attended the efforts put forth in the
recent civic elections In that city. 8.
D. Macdonald, president of that organization, was elected at the head of
the poll. Comrade Macdonald is also
a member of the Typographical
Union.
In the School Board election, Geo.
Casey, an old-timer tn the working
class movement was elected, George
Casey is also president of the Civic
Employees Association. Alexander
McKenzle, another Labor representative, was elected fourth on the list for
the city council. McKenzie is also
secretary of the G. W, V. A.
IIS KU KLU KLAN
Chief of State Police Says
That It WiU Be
Prosecuted
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—There is being
formed in Australia a secret organization similar to the Ku Klux Klan.
The headquarters of the klan are In
Sydney, but it has members in other
parts of Australia.
At present there are about fifty
members, and another 300 are about
to be sworn ln. A number of knights
of the American Ku Klux Klan are in
Sydney. They arrived months ago,
and started organizing the Australian
body.
The secretary of the organization
said the members so far enrolled were
all 100 per cent, members of the community who were unable to see any
relief from the conditions from which
the people suffer, and this ls the excuse for their starting in to do a little
cleaning up on their own account.
He said that here would be a president of the Vigilantes, as the local
body Is known, but no executive bourd.
Members of the lodge would wear
some sort of regalia during their activities, probably a modification of the
white hood and robe marked wtth a
fiery cross, which Is the insignia of the
American Ku Klux Klan,
The attorney general of New South
Wales said that so far he had not
heard of the organization, but if it intended to take the law into its own
hands it would be prosecuted with the
utmost vigor.
The State chief of police said: "We
will be prepared to deal very drastically with any society of that sort. A
society of that character will receive
no sympathy whatever from the Australian public. It is entirely foreign
to their Ideas. People associating
themsolves with a society of that
character will receive very short
shrift from the government and the
police authorities of this country.
IS
Belgian Employers Start a
Drive Against Workers
Conditions
Brussels, Belgium—The eight-hour
day act ts to be suspended in Belgium
for a period of two years, if the employers have their way. The effort to
abrogate the eight-hour day has been
under way for several years past. At
first an attempt was made to weaken
the act, by providing, In a bill passed
June 14, 1021, that exceptions to the
eight-hour rule may be granted in
seaso.nul trades, and those using perishable articles, and for continuous industries; and that an exception may
be also made 'for workers filling so-
called posts of confidence.
This flank attack did not yield the
desired result, for under the terms of
tho Belgian law, exceptions can only
be granted after consultation with the
supreme council of industry and commorco, made up entirely of employors,
and the supremo council of Industry
and lnbor, on which are representatives of tho trado unions.
WILL DISCUSS THE
Joint Conference Between
Provincial and Dominion
Governments
[John Robur]
Ottawa—It is stated tha a conference will shortly be held between the
Dominion and the Provincial governments in regard to the eight-hour day
and other questions growing out of the
International Labor conventions. Under the Canadian Constitution, many
Labor questions, including the eight-
hour day, are subject to divided jurisdiction between the Federal and Provincial authorities, and so far nothing
has come of the Washington or Geneva Labor conventions on this account. It haB been held by high legal
authority that, while the eight-hour
day would naturally be a matter for
Provincial legislation, the Dominion
parliament could legislate on it by
making it a matter of criminal law or
by the exercise of Dominion powers
to enforce treaties. So far, however,
Dominion governments have not
thought well to make use of these
powers.
Kaiser Bill Listed As King
and Emperor Without
a Job
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Cor. Federated Press)
The Hague, Holland—"Kelzer en
Koning zonder bereop"—these are the
key words to a story about the recent
wedding of ex-Emperor William II of
Germany, which seems to have escaped the vigilance of hundreds of correspondents who flocked to the house
at Doom last November to get a sensational story.
Tho words''translated Into English,
mean "emperor and king out of a job."
That is how William II is entered in
the marriage records of the town of
Doom, in Holland.
The Dutch are a very particular
folk when tt comes to official records.
And William of Hohenzollern ls still
suffering from the delusion that he ls
charged by the Almighty with ruling
over a people. He therefore insists
that he Is emperor and king. The
Dutoh are equally Insistent that their
records be kept straight.
The ex-emperor sems to have little
sense of humor. Without a protest,
and without apparently seeing the
facetlousnoss of the small-town wit
who suggested the compromise, he let
the change of "WllUiam II by the
grace of God emperor and king" to
"William II, emperor and' king out of
a job," take place without a murmur.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
SOLID LEATHER SHOES
AT BIG SAVINGS
ABSOLUTELY the best value we have offered in
■^ years in Men's Dress Boots. Two shapes of toe,
one a semi-recede and the other a round toe. They
come in black and brown calfskin, and are absolutely
all leather.   Our d»g  (J/\
price, per pair 9v«uU
Men's Black and Brown medium-weight Work Boots.
The upper is chrome tanned elk, and the soles Goodyear welted. This is a regular ■ £C CA
$7.60 value, at pair «pD«OU
$5.00
18.60, $9.00 and $10,00 Oxford
and Strap Shoes	
They come in brown and black calfskin, with Cuban
and Baby Louis heels, and are all welted soles. Ten
styles In all, and from six to eight pair of eaoh line.
All high-grade shoes.
Another lot ot welted sole Oxfords, in brown calfskin
and black kid; principally narrow
widths.   Saturday, per pair.	
$3.95
BRING YOUR REPAIRING HERE FOR GOOD WORK
DTCDDC   DADTC   51 HASTINGS
A  1 II IV IN. JC.   IT _fll\.10   STREET WEST
ADMIT STRIKE
Railroad Officials Seek to
Evade Responsibility
for Poor Service
(By The Federated Press)
Hartford, Conn.—Forced to admit
the demoralization of passenger service the New Tork, New Haven and
Hartford railroad, summoned before
the railroad committee of the general assembly here, sought to evade
responsibility for the condition by accusing the road's striking shop workers with sabotage. He declared that
engines of the company had been
"doctored,." and that emery had been
mixed with lubricating oil to disable
them.
When George Soule, director of the
Labor Bureau, Inc., was questioned
by members of the committee he was
heckled by members who sought to
distract attention from the facts he
offered by asking such questions as:
"Are we to understand that you
approve of the mixing of emery with
lubricating oil?
Mr. Soule cited figures showing
Improved efficiency and earnings by
roads which have settled with thetr
striking shopmen. The New Haven,
he said, was able to get only three
locomotives out of Its shops in three
months, while the Baltimore and
Ohio, after settling its strike, had 442
locomotives repaired in the same
period.
"The New Haven," he asserted, "is
out to destroy the unions, no matte,
what It may cost the public. It has
continued that policy in disregard of
public opinion, against the advice ot
a majority of railroad executives and
In spite of its proved inability to
maintain efficient service."
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mail it to a friend.
St. Louts—Preparations for tho next
war were seen tn a visit here by a
staff of war officers from the war department at Washington. The mis*
nlon of tho delegation to the city was
said to be to ascertain "what St. Louis
could do in the way of furnishing war
supplies in the event of another national emergency." "This trip," said
Assistant Secretary of War Wainrlght,
"ls made as a part of bur plans to
provide national defence so that we
can swing the Industries over to a war
basis should the necessity arise."
Bnlldlng Permits
Feb, 8—127 Dufferln East, E. Hal-
lan & Sons, warehouse, $1500; 1560
Granville, Robertson & Hackett, shed,
$1000.
Fob. 9—Granville Island, Hodgson,
King & Marble, offico, $2000.
Feb, 10—1410 Main St., Union OU
Co., gas station, $5000.
Fob, 12—528 Union Stroet, A. Lus-
hiu*. repairs, $1000; Industrial Island,
Hodgson, King & Marble, bunkers,
$7000; 3472—12th Ave..West, W. G.
Boll, dwelling, $2400; 569 Seymour
Street, Dom. Const. Co., printing shop,
$9000; 2285 Bayswater, P. Johnson,
dwelling, $2500.
Fob. 13—8411 Napier St., W. 8. Holland, alterations $1200; 2792—5th
Ave. East, A, Coughlin, dwelling,
$2000; 683 Homer Street, B. Davidson, wholesale tobacco, $6000,
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
INVESTMENTS
in ELEVATORS
and TERMINALS
ARE SAFE, SOUND
and PROFITABLE-
We are satisfied that no other field offers
such opportunities by way of investment
than GRAIN ELEVATORS and TERMINALS. Particularly is this true in Vancouver. Not only is it sound business from the
investing point of view, but it means increased Business, for every merchant in
Vancouver. It means to the real estate hol-
• der increased values, to the workingman
more work, in fact it means to the general
prosperity of Vancouver just what steam
is to an engine.
WE COURT THE CLOSEST INVESTIGATION and would appreciate you filling
out the coupon below, upon receipt of which
we will immediately forward full details
and information.
WESTERN PACIFIC GRAIN ELEVATOR
& TERMINAL" LTD.
Organizing Intel-provincial Elovator and Terminate
1329-1330 Standard Bank Building, Vancouver, B. C.
To WESTERN PACIFIC GRAIN ELEVATOR
AND TERMINAL LTD.
1380 Standard Bank Building, Vancouver.
Please send mc full particulars re your Grain Terminals.
Name	
Address	
All Winter Underwear
Reduced 20"»
STANFIELD'S        TIGER                    STANFORD'S
Combinations—    ~ Combinations—        Shirts and Drawers
$3.50 now $2.80  $2.95 now ......$2.85  $1.75 now $1.40
OTHER LINES ACCORDINGLY
C. D. BRUCE
Corner Homer and Hastings Streete
IJMITED
SANIPRACTIC
"
HEALTH  PRACTICE
TJEART Diseases, Rheumatic Fever,
A Tuberculosis, St. Vitus Danee,
Paralysis, Agitaris, all respond to and
nre completely restored to health by
Non-Drug Sanipraetic Methods of
Healing.
Dr. W. Lee Holder
Sanipraetic Physician
74 FAIRFIELD BLDG., Oranvllle. nnil Pender Streets     Sc}-. 8533
Three profits
or one profit
In the price of every article of merchandise
handled by the ordinary methods of the Indirect Deal, THERE ARE THREE PROFITS. By the "Direct Deal" system the customer gets his merchandise WITH ONLY
ONE PROFIT.  Here is the chain through
which goods usually pass—the manufac-.
turer or producer—the wholesaler or jobber—the retailer or distributor.   Each of
these must make a profit to keep going—
THE SUM OF ALL THESE PROFITS IS '
WRAPPED UP IN THE PRICE  THE
CONSUMER PAYS.   The Fraser Valley ,
Milk Producers' Association offer you a 1
"Direct Deal" on milk—a price in which
- there is only  ONE  PROFIT—a direct
"From the Producer to the Consumer" sale.
We produce the milk you use—We handle it
in our central plant in the city in large quantities—We retail it direct to your door.
We are producers, jobbers and retailers in
one. We can work on a one-profit basis.
On this basis we offer you
milk£!"«
Phone Fairmont 1000 and we will arrange
to have delivery to your door start tomorrow.
Fraser Valley Milk
Producers' Association
-.

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