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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 25, 1921

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Array THE
COLUMBIA
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER
iES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
THIRTEENTH YEAR. No. 7
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 25,1921
$2.50 PER YEAR,
Two Hundred and Fifty
Hen Involved in
Strike
Company Offers to Have
the Dispute Again
Arbitrated
The British Columbia Eleotrta
Railway Company haa forced the
hand of the electrical worker* ln
Vancouver, New We. tmlnater and
Victoria. Two hundred and fifty
men are Involved and comprised a
eolld walkout on Tuesday morning.
The company la working under
great difficulties to keep the light
and power service normal, but it'a
only a matter of time before tht
system will break down under the
Inexperienced handling now being
displayed by the office staff.
Street Car Men Wait Orden
The atreet car men's executive
has been instructed to call a mass
meeting as soon as the electrical
workers say the word. The strikers, however, do not want to involve the car men at the present
time lf It can be avoided and
rumors to the effect that the car
men would not back up the strikers
Is nothing but bunk. The company
will have to starve the strikers
back to work, because the desired
mechanics cannot be obtained
otherwise by the company.
Company's Joke Move
The company is now trying to
gst another arbitration board on
the subject, after having turned
down the award of the flrst board,
which was in session 19 days. It
Is now willing to pay the acale
which lt turned down and again
await the "award" of a new board.
This appears to be a Joke on the
face of lt, but Ib all that the electrical workera' committee haa to
report, so it will be discussed at
nest Monday's .business meeting.
The electrical workers at their
meeting last Honday night decided
there was no alternative loft but
' —to walk off tbe Job ln reply to the
B. C. Electric Company's proposal
to cut the wages of the majority ot
the men 10 per eent. and Institute
the open shop. The company
claims that since tbe conciliation
board sat the eost of living has
fallen sufficiently to Justify them
In cutting wages. The employees
fall to see that this claim can be
substantiated, as the figures In the
Labor Oasette for October, 1920,
on whloh the board based Its findings, were 120.46, as again, t $25,
for January, 1921, for total coats
of living, tbe difference being ex
actly three per cent. The figures
submitted to the board, based
lata taken from the Labor Gazette
for October, 1920, showed that the
electrical workers were not with-
(Continued on Page 8)
i
WAGE (Ml
0. B. U. Members Decide
to Back the Fed. to
Limit
The membera of the O. B, U. ln
Vancouver will Join forces with all
•forkers in resisting wage cuts.
This decision waa arrived at on
Wednesday night at a meeting of
the General Workers Unit of the
O. B. U., when the question of the
proposed out ln wages in the building trades was brought up. It is
understood that one of the carpenters' locals ln the elty will Invite
all carpenters to meet with them
to form plans for resisting a reduction of wages.
Organizer Dunne, of the O. B. U.,
representing the G. E. B. of that
organization, was ln the oity during
the past week, and attended the
meeting of the Genorul Workers,
He stated that the movement was
growing in Winnipeg, and that Instead of the O. B. U. dying out,
that lt was the Internationals that
were endeavoring to believe that
they were still alive, .   .
The question of assisting ln the
campaign to raise funds for The
Federatlonist was raised, and a
oommlttee was appointed to assist
In the campaign. Every member
of the Unit was supplied with official receipts and will endeavor to
collect funds, The members also
. pledged themselves to only purchase from Federatlonist advertisers.
No Improvement in the
Situation in City
of Vancouver
Big  Parade  and' Mass
Meeting Held Last
Sunday
While the powers that be are
doing their best to evade the responsibility for the unemployed situation the condition throughout
the entire country Bhows no sign
of Improvement. Some people are
attaching a great deal of Importance to the fact that a few hundred loggers have found employment, but there are still many
thousands of loggers scattered
throughout the oountry looking for
work.
The number of unemployed ln
Toronto haa reachel the 20,000
mark; 18,000 are receiving civic relief and practically every other
eastern city has a like situation.
At a meeting of 300 unemployed
held In Calgary, resolutions were
passed favoring trade with Russia.
A btg unemployed parade and
meeting were held In Vancouver
last Sunday. The parade, part of
which is reproduced In tK|s Issue,
was composed of approximately
2,000 men and women, while the
number at the meeting on the
grounds was around the 1,000
mark.
The city authorities made objection to the unemployed committee,
billing J. Kavanagh and J. Smith
as speakers, and this was adhered
to, but when nominations for chairman were asked for at the meeting Jimmy Smith received the
unanimous nomination. Other
speakers who addressed the meeting were J. S. Woodsworth, Mr*.
Corse and J. Boult F. Welsh.
president of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, was billed to
speak, but failed to attend. Members of the audience then called
upon J. Kavanagh to address the
meteing and this was done, and his
remarks met with general approval.
A parade and meeting will bo
held next Sunday.
Workers Behind The Federationist
In Appeal for Financial Assistance
THE BIG DEIVE is on. Fonda are already coming in and the workers are responding to our appeal for finanoial
assistance. Organizations are appointing committees t'o canvas their members. Individuals are assisting with
a vim and enthusiasm that indicates once again that when the workers put their shoulders to the wheel something is going to move. ..
The Street and Electrio Railwaymen's Union of Vanoouver, one of the largest organizations in the city, which
subscribes in a body to the Federationist, has appointed a largo committee to aid in the drive. Wednesday was pay
day for the employees of the B. 0. Electric Bailway Company, and this committee was on the job all day, and while
the returns have not yet been made there was a considerable sum collected.
Bome misunderstanding has occurred owing to May Dajr being set for the close of the campaign. It should be
understood that the sooner we secure the amount asked for., the sooner we will be able to cut down expenses by buying
larger stocks at lower prices. Thus an early contribution will be doubly effective.
Further assistance ean be rendered by onr supporters, if ihey will patronize our advertisers. The workers organize
in order to sell their labor power to the best advantage. They can -also organize their purchasing power. Merchants are amenable to eeonomio pressure, and those who'-use the Federationist columns to advertise their wares
have at leaat demonstrated that they recognize' the Federationist reaches the workers, and are not parties to any
attempt to discriminate against the working classs press. Patronize our advertissers and let them know that you
do so.
The most important factor in the situation is,' however,'in the fact that the Federationist represents the working
class interests. Its columns are full of working-class news. It records the doings and tendencies of the workers in all
countries and also local happenings. It endeavors to point o ut .the position that the working class holds in society and
by so doing aids the workers in the struggle for liberty and the establishment of economic freedom. If the workers
realize this there can be no doubt that the Federationist will, in a short time, be in a position that is unassailable.
GIVE A HAND
Before making a purchase, look
ap our list of ik_tertlsers on page 7,
and than patronlae one of tbem,
and tty ao doing give The Fedora-
tlonlet a boost.
RUSH IDE
Allies  Attitude  Toward
Russia Loses Them
Business
Berlin—The possibilities of placing with Germany orders tot machinery that were to have gone to
England was discussed here in a
recent conference between Leonid
Krassln, the Soviet government
trade representative, and the Soviet trade delegation.
Already the amount of German
goods sold to Russia total over $5,-
000,000, and there is every sign of
further Increases. Meanwhile there
ts a party of German engineers and
specialists preparing to leave for
Russia shortly to undertake work
ln the proposed electrification
schemes for Russian Industrial centres.
From Stockholm comes word
that George Lomonoseov, Soviet
representative for purchases of
tolling stock, has just concluded a
contract with the German Arm of
Henschel & Son for' 22,000 locomotive tires to be delivered to the Soviet government. In transmitting
the text of the contract, Lomonos-
sov writes that the agreement was
made without any bank guarantee,
and merely on the strength of the
wor'd of the Soviet government.
Seven such agreements are already
in operation and the German de
liveries are on an average six weeks
ahead of the contracted period.
POLES INHUMAN BREWERY SHE
IS SETTLED
Even the Capitalist Press
of Poland Had to
Protest
WE NEED IT NOW
While Mas' Day has been sot as
tbe closing date for the raising of
15,000 for the Federatlonist, tt
should be understood that wo need
lt NOW.
The Third International conditions have been rejected by forty-
four branches of the Swiss Socialist
Party.
I I I I I I I I I I I I !■."! ■' I' I I I II I ill I I I I III I ■ ■ .■ . I II I « I ' I ■ I
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 PENDER STREET WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers and Dance, 9 to 1°
FRIDAY—Open Forum.
SATURDAY—Danoe, 9 to 12.
»^V«"*"'-i"*"t'-l"«
Polish Government Warned—Officers Must Be
Removed
Riga—Inhuman conditions In
Polish prison camps are the subject of a strong protest presented
to the Polish delegation here, by
loffe. head of the Russian delegation.
He points out that, though the
Polish delegation had promised to
take measures for the Improvement
of the conditions In which Russian
ahd Ukranlan war prisoners are
living, In reality no effective measures had been taken.
Ioffe says that In the camps there
are no beds, no footwear, no medicine. This la the testimony of the
American Y. M. C. A.'s branch ln
Warsaw.
Frozen to Death
The rations fixed for the prisoners exist only on paper. "Wounded
men are left without medical assistance for a long time, with the result that microbes form themselves
ln the very wounds. Many men are
frozen ln their huts.
'The Lemberg newspaper Vperjob
states that 45 men died ln one day
from this cause.
War prisoners are beaten with
wires used for electrical purposes.
An actress attached to a field
theatre, who was taken prisoner,
states that she was beaten with
rubber ropes and hung to a ceiling by her. feet.
The Communist and Jewish soldiers come ln for especially cruel
treatment.   The press of Poland Itself protests against such Inhumanity.
Reprisals Threatened
The Workera and Feasants Government of Russia and the Ukraine,
therefore, categorically Insist on an
Immediate Improvement. Particularly they insist that the officers
responsible shall be removed. They
warn the Polish government that
unless the latter takes the necessary measures, they will be forced
to take reprisal steps in regard to
Polish prisoners ln Russia and
Ukraine.
Union  Gets Arbitration
Board to Settle
Question
The brewery workers' lockout at
New Westminster waa settled Monday to the entire satisfaction of ther'
number, were locked out on Feb'
ruary 2, and after several at'
tempts at settlement an arbitration
board was Anally selected and after
two days' conference reached a settlement that has again placed
"Britannia Beer" on the fair' list1
In order to again place the product of the firm in its former position, the union makes the following statement:
"Please take notice that "the lnJ
dustrial dispute at the New West
!
Two More Countries Add
1 Quota to Federated
Press
(By Louis P. Lochner, European
t director the Federated Press)
■Amsterdam  — The    Federated
union. The men, twenty-two Inf-F*81" movement received impetus
\n Holland and Belgium with the
announcement by Camilla Huysmans that the trade unions would
support It and extend Its work in
this section of Europe. Almost
simultaneously from Brussels came
the announcement that three of
the leading Belgian dally papers
will enter the membership of the
Association. Jan Oudegeest, secretary of the International Federation
ol! Trade Unions, has reommended
that financial support of the Feder-
minster Brewery with the Brewery aljjid Press in Europe be furnished
Workers' Union No. 286, has been
satisfactorily adjusted. We request, therefore, that any boycott
prejudice which .may have
been created against the product of
the Westminster Brewery, brewers
of Britannia beer, shall be discontinued; and as certain circulars
and dodgers were Issued by ua
stating that the Westminster Brewery had refused to deal with organized labor we now wish tp correct this impression, as the brew-;
ery management has evidenced
their desire to treat with organized
labor. We take this opportunity of
recalling such circulars, arid wish-
to correct this impression so conveyed." This statement is signed
by B. H. Rubins, president, and W.
R. Bent, secretary of the local
union, and also by R. Peterson, International representative, armed
with full powers.
The arbitration board consisted
of H. E. McDonald and N. G. Neill
for the brewery, and R. P. Pettlplece and H. Knudsen for the
workers.
bj the Trade Union International.
.The announcement by Huysmans
is highly signlflcant in view of the
fast that up to three months ago
h* and. other leaders In the trade
flfcfivfl movement were planning to
laiinch a similar enterprise on an
International scale. At the conference here and at Brussels, lt waa
'emphasised to the trade union leaders that the Federated Press must
IN DARK AGES
Government Continues to
Prevent People from
Learning Facts
Milwaukee — Oswald Garrison
Villard, editor of The Nation, In
an address here on "The Press; Its
Weakness and Dangers," declared
that the press has not recovered
from "the orgy of lying through
which It has bcen compelled to
pass for the last fivo years, because of the war." This he attributed to the control of the cables
by ont side and the deliberate government propaganda in all countries "set afoot for the express
purpose of blackening one's enemy and Inculcating that doctrine
of hate which Is necessary to make
multitudes kill their fellow men."
"We are back again," he said,
"in those dark ages ln which the
idea prevailed that tho way to prevent people from thinking as those
ln power did not wish them to, was
to keep facts away from them, to
put them behind the bars, or to
take them to the stake, like a Hubs
or Savonrarola."
E
OF
Ben   Legere   Challenges
A. F. of L. Officials
to Act
Says Officials Are Secret
Allies of Employing
Class
Lynn, Mass.—"Labor In America
has been foully betrayed by all the
Labor leaders ln this wage reduction fight. The officialdom of Labor Is responsible. From Samuel
Gompers to the last little business
agent In the land, ln every union inside or outside of the American
Federation of Labor, they and they
alone must be held responsible for
the widespread suffering and ruin
that ls being felt today In the ranks
of organized Labor.1
This statement, made here today
by Ben Legere, the Lawrence One
Big Union advocate, came as the
preliminary announcement of
challenge  which  Legere  says the
NOT CUT IN
be   organized   entirely   outside   of One Big Union is about to make to
their groups, just as in America.
This fundamental principle was
accepted.
A POIND TO REMEMBER
Some merchants ln town do not
think your custom Is much use to
Uiem, or they would advertise their
Wares ln Thc Federatlonist to secure jour trade. Reemmber this
when you nre ubout to make a pur-
chase.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
All
THE COLUMBIA
Dave Rees Delivered an
Interesting Address
Last Sunday
Government Falls Down
on Taking Up Question
of Unemployment
The Columbia theatre was again
packed on Sunday night, when Secretary Bennett made the party announcements with some very pointed advice as to the part the audience should play In carrying ou the
battle.
The chair was occupied by Mrs.
J. S. Woodsworth, who very appropriately spoke of the regular
meetings of the party, and thnt regardless of tho subject or the matter presented, It was ever the aame
story, working class emancipation.
She Introduced the speaker of
the evening, Mr. Davo Rees, who
took for a subject, the apt question: "Are You Playing the
(Continued on Pago  8)
TO
SPEAK AT I
Ef
Kavanagh   and   Mengel
Gave Interesting Talks
Last Week
Nice Sum Collected for
the Worker Awaiting
Deportation
An  exceptionally large audience
gathered at the Empress thoatre,
Inst Sundny night, in spite of num-
tt-.
erous other attractions ln the city.
'/The chairman, Comrado D. S.
Browett. who Is at present awaiting deportation from Canada by
the Immigration authorities, open
ed the meeting with a few appro,
jirlate remarks as to the efforts
being made by the Socialist Party of
Canada In the way of sound working class education, by means of
study classes and propaganda meetings. He then callod upon tho first
speaker of the evening, Comrade
0.i J. Mengel, who, In a brief but
forceful address, pointed out to thc
(Continued on page 8)
the Labor leaders of this country
to prove tho sincerity of their professed opposition to the wage reduc
tlons and the "open shop" campaign of the employers.
"The Labor leaders are moeting
next week In Washington," said
Legere. "Men wUl gather there
representing more than four mil
lions of organized workers. Let
them call In also the heads of the
railroad brotherhoods and ail the
Independent unions, and they will
have a concluvo representing more
than six million organized workerB
In tho United States.- In the unions
thoy represent, those men have the
power. They pretend to be opposed to the 'open shop' and the wago
reductions. They admit that the
employera of the United States have
organized In One Big Union 0f their
class to drlvo Labor back to prewar conditions or worse. Then lf
those leaders of Labor use the power they have In thoir hands, let
them call a general strike of all
the workers In this country to stop
wage reductions Believe me, If they
did that the wago reduction campaign and all talk of the 'open
shop' would stop In 24 hours. But
they will not do it becauae they
are the secret allies of the employers, nnd all their pretense of opposition to wage-cutting is puro
bluff."
(Continued on page I)
Daily Press  Stories of
Wage Cute Have No
Truth in Them
Bosses Must Be Busy Try-
" ing to Create Sentiments
Wage worken have to be careful
these dayt In accepting as gospel,
announcements of wage cuts tn
various localities. Laat week
Vancouver dally papers published
news of a wage cut in the Winnipeg building trades, and the business agent here forwarded the following telegram:
Vancouver, B. C—What is the
present wage rate? Press here
reporte wage cut accepted by
building trades. Any truth ln
statement? Any reduction contemplated?
United Brotherhood Carpenters
and Joiners.
Charles Harding, business agent
of the Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners, wired back the following reply:
Winnipeg — Preaent rate of
wages ls $1 an. hour. Absolutely no cut In wages. Btatement
that building trades haa accepted wage cut ls absolutely false.
We do not contemplate any reduction In wages.
CHARLES HARDING.
Interviewed later on, this Mr.
Harding characterised the Vancouver presa reports as a deliberate
attempt on the part of reactionary
Interests to create by foul means,
wage reduction sentiment at the
Coast, ln the hope that It would react here,
'The outlook so far as the Building Trades here Is concerned," he
said, "Is extremely favorable. We
have good reasons to be confident
that the employers will meet us
shortly in negotiations, and that no
effort will be made to disturb the
harmony and co-operation that lias
been obtained ln the last year."
Word haa also been received
from Calgary to the effect that the
Si an hour scale is still In effect
and there Is no word or anticipation of a wage out
Edmonton reports the same and
also word to the effect that the
plumbers have had an agreemont
signed for |1 an hour.
LC.
GNORES THE
Uses Steam Roller on Subject Introduced by
Neelands
Half of Total Membership
. Belong to One Big
Union
"The Labor movement in Ireland
today Is practically the work of the
past ten years," said Cathal O'-
Shannan at. a Tottenham Labor
rally.
"Today, 60 per cent, of the wage-
earners ar"e properly organized, the
movement Involving 800,000 workers, and of that figure, one-half are
organized in one union. The tendency today Is toward the fusion
of all workers ln one big union.
"But tn an examination of Irish
history we find that the people
have bcen driven fr'om thc semi-
communal system of their own by
an economic and political oonquest
—the conquest of England."
Mrs. A. E, Cook, who presided,
said the acts of horror committed
fn Ireland ln the name of the English people made them feel almost
ashamed to bc English.
It seemed useless to attempt to
stop these acts by an appeal to reason, for the government used no
roason. It had made an attack on
the food supply. Crops and creameries had bcen destroyed. What
reason was there in that?
Guthrie's Motion to Ba
Taken Up Again
Tod* y
— H. Nmlandi, Labor M. P. P,
Introduced th* Mibjoct ot unemployment again In tho B. C. Le life
lature on Tueaday, but It waa ruled
out of order by the Speaker, Mr.
Haneon. The aubjeot la one which
the government doea not care to
dlacun, ao lt proceeda to uae tha
old conservative ateam roller
methods of sidetracking the queatlon. Next day, however, Sam
Outhrle, Labor M. P. P. for Newcastle proceeded to again Introduce
the subject, and It waa booked for
discussion Thursday.
The resolution which Mr. Neelands sought to offer recited that
the unemployment situation in thla
province haa reached an acute
stage and that the legislature
therefore should consider the advisability of taking action to provide employment at trade union
wages. He did not get an opportunity to say a word on the subject. As soon as the matter was
reached on the order paper, Mr.
Speaker rose and ruled aa followa:
"The discussion of the public
affairs of the provinco la alwaya la
order when properly brought before the House, and the unemployment situation ls a proper matter
for the consideration of thla assembly; but the affirmation of thu
resolution'would entail the presentation of a further resolution
forthwith in order to give it effect:
Such further resolution would necessarily Involve an expression ol
opinion on the part of the Ho us«
directly affecting the expenditure
of public money, and may not bt
moved unless recommended by thl
crown. (See Standing Rulea of thl
House, No. 118). Clearly, therefore, the resolution proposed bi
the hon. member for South Vancouver Is not ln order, and I must
so rule."
The subject, however, hae nol
been disposed pf. Notice haa beea
given by Mr. Samuel tSuthrie oi
Newcastle of another resolution
covering practically the same
ground and he will endeavor to
have the discussion take place" on
Thursday. In order to avoid thl'
difficulty in which Mr. Neelands ti
entangled, Mr. Outhrle haa left out
everything In whtch Mr. Speaker
took exception. Hla resolution
reads simply: "That this House
resolve Itself into committee to
consider'the question of unemployment within British Columbia."
Outhrle'a resolution was discuss,
ed on Thursday but the debate wai
adjourned.
s
SELF-DETERMINATION FOR IRELAND LEAGUE
d. j. McCarthy
Sunday, February 27th, 1921
8:30 P. M.
PENDER HALL, Cor. Howe and Pender
<••' ■ •••-•'■•-#■■•>•"• "i
Y
Railwaymen Vote for National Strike to Enforce Demand's
Berlin—A straw vote among the
railway workers of Germany has
shown thnt the two-thirds majority
necessary for tho calling of a strike
lf their demands are not met, is
certain. Tho strike threat has
arisen out of thc fact that tho 20
pet* cent, increase in tho bonus
granted by the coalition government to meet the high cost of living Is not sufficient. The oxecutivo
committee of the German Railway
Union has announced that the danger of a strike Is as Imminent us
ever.
German big business as a palliative method Ib suggesting an Increaso in the freight and passenger tralllc rates. Labor opinion
says that the railway question can
be solved only when tho prices for
such raw materials tu. steel and
Iron, which now cost thirty and
forty times as much as before the
war, are materially reduced.
The International Pulp, Sulphite
nnd Paper Mill Workers, state.,
that at their* conference in Toronto) Ont., on January 24, delegates
representing 20,000 of their workers passed a resolution calling for
the removal of all restrictions interfering  with  ti'ade with  Russia.
Statistics published by the British food controller during the war
showed that the averago co-operative store fed but 700, and the local
atore   314.
Help  the  Fed.   by  helping our
advertisers.
Demand Withdrawal ol
British Forces From
Ireland
London—Four hundred Glasgow
coal miners have struck work ae a
protest against the terrorism In
Ireland, and to demand tho withdrawal of all British forces used
against the Irish people. This is
the flrst strike In this country for
Ireland, and also the first strike
for a political object.
They also have called upon the
Lanarkshire Union to call a 48-hour
nation-wide strike to demand peace
with Ireland.
As one result of the government's Irish policy of reprisals and
repression, English manufacturers
aro finding their Irish trade at a
standstill and the lost market of
Ireland, added to the lost markets
of Central Kurope and Russia, ll
causing much hardship. On account of the devastation of towns,
the looting of stores and the destruction of creameries by forces of
the crown, Irish shopkeepers are
refusing to lay in large stocks of
goods.
GET IN TIIE FIGHT
When there Ir ii fight on the mnn
« ho gets In and digs Is tlie one that
wo like. Get In now and dig, by
patronizing The Federatlonist advertisers.
OPEN FORUM
FENDER HALT.
Oorner of Fender and Howe Streets
Friday, March 4, at 8 p.m.
J. HARRINGTON AND J. KAVANAGH
will speak on
"The Master Olass Tactics and the Use of the Presi"
Collection in AM of Tlie I'wlcrotionlst FAGE TWO
.       ■  ■
rHiRTEENTH TEAn. No. t    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
TRTDA.r...jiZ.~..February IS, Mil'  f
$25 DOMINION
RAYNSTER COATS
10
GENUINE  ENGLISH  GABARDINES
Without a doubt the biggest showerproof coat value
we have ever offered. Not in pre-war times did any 3tore
sell such a splendid coat for ten dollars.
Genuine English Gabardine cloths; made and fashioned
in Dominion Raynster models; set-in sleeves, patch
pockets, wool-lined yoke. Cut in full sweeping lines.
Regular $25.00 values,
now :-. :.	
$10.00
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
546 GRANVILLE STREET
Your Teeth Tell a Story
To the World-
THE only kind of story yon want told about
yourself is one that does you the utmost
credit. Remember that teeth are made for looks
as well as use. I keep this principle in mind
when replacing the teeth you have lost, and not
only restore the usefulness of your natural teeth,
but duplicate them in appearance. This specialty
is called Expression Work, because the lines of
feature also get the full benefit «f the original
teeth.
Actually, It Costs
. Less
'-to sat OU work than .to do
without it. It il .. unomictl
lie..ult lt ls ond..Ing, And it
coBt. no more than mnny lets
efficient method., Vou also get
the advantage, of a modern
and completely equipped office
and lab._at.l7.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINGS ST. W.
Corner Seymour
PHONE SEYMOUR 3831
Offlee Open Tuesday and Friday
Evenings
DR.   BRETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member ol the Faculty ot the
College of Dentiitry, University of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Flatework and Opera*
tlw Dentistry, Local and General Anaesthesia.
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VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
Star    Witness    Against
Tom Mooney to Confess His Lies
(By Helen Augur, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Chicago—John Macdonald was
here on his way to San Francisco,
to unravel tho last threads of the
net which he helped to throw
around Tom Mooney and Warren
Billings after the Preparedness
parade bomb explosion in 1916.
I saw John Macdonald, and
he told me the whole story of how
he let himself be used by the administration that had determined
"to put Tom Mooney away." He
told me how it felt to go around
the country for five long years with
the truth gnawing at his conscience. His mind had nevor let him
forget that Mooney was in prison
for life.
Macdonald ls in his way Just as
much a victim of the city administration of San Francisco as Mooney. The lawyers and police and
detectives set on him and used him
for their own ends. Then they let
him go. He's never gotten a reward for the job. He's not been
comfortable for five years. And
now he is going to do something
that some people will call noble
and others cowardly. Nobody will
get him quite right, because he's
just a human being who, hasn't
fought quite aa hard aa some others against the drift.
Macdonald sat in a gray light
that came from over frozen Lake
Michigan, a very tired, wistful man
of perhaps fifty. I wondered how
long ago the weariness and disappointment ofjlfe had got him. The
furrows cross and recrosa deeply
on his- face. He sat there huddling little shags of fact, Bheds of
detail, abound his cold and worn-
out soul. He kept trying to cover
up that ghastly truth of the perjury with little deprecating gestures. He is a man who still respects himself enough to want to
appear decent.
"I was just out of the hospital
when the Preparedness Parade
came," he said. "Didn't feel well
enough to mix with the crowd. So
I stood on the corner of Stewart
and Market strets, and I saw a
man came about 1:60 and' put
down a suitcase."
MacDonald was too weak to be
curious. "Thought It was ssome
practical joker," he said. "I
walked away down the street and
wasn't there when the explosion
came.
"When the police heard from
people I had talked to that I'd
seen the man put down the suitcase they tried to get me to be a
witness. I didn't want to. For
a long time I tried not to set
mixed up In the case. But they
kept nttet me. Fickert (the district atortiey) told me that there
was a reward of .$17,500 up for
the men and that I'd get the biggest slice."
Macdonald told of those weeks
of tutelage by the prosecution and
the police, as a belt frayed almost
to breaking revolves and revolves
around wheels. He told how Cap.
tain Matheson of the city police
took him to the cells of the two
Labor men, whispering, "This Is
Mooney, this is Billings," and how
Matheson even spared him the
trouble of identifying the men tu
Fickert.
With tragic pride he told how on
the witness stand he had Insisted
that he had not seen an automobile
on tho corner of Market street, al-.
though lt was part of his lesson to ■
say it. I think he told me of every
tiny incident In which ho resisted1
the men who were using his mind
for their own onds. He wanted
desperately to insist that those men
did not possess him altogether.
"If the governor hadn't commuted Mooney's sentence I would
have shown up the whole business," he flashed, "I wouldn't let
them hang Mooney."
Macdonald is a waiter by trade.
He came east soon after the men
were sentenced. He wrote to the
San Francisco police several times
about the reward offered to the
witnesses. Gradually it became apparent that there wasn't going to
be any reward. In the eastern
newspapers a few weeks ago he began to read about witnesses weakening and confessing perjury ln the
retrial ln San Francisco, His mind
sagged with the worry and shame
and futility of It all. He told his
story one night to a hotclkeeper In
Newark.
''Ho was Interested," said Macdonald. "He kept me talking till 3
o'clock ln the morning. The next
day ho said, 'Well, Mac, are we going to have another session tonight'?"
Tho fascination of his piquant
position made lt easier. By the
time he had found Frank P. Walsh,
Mooney's attorney, over in New
York, he was prosecuting his own
case, rushing back to Newark for
letters, eagerly furnishing overy de
tail. The rush of activity was a
relief aftor tho five yoars of silence.
"I'm going to back up every word
of my affidavit to Mr. Walsh," said
Macdonald. "Mooney is an innocent man and I want to soe him
free."
By the time he gets to San Francisco it Is going to bo very hard for
this tired old man to see the business through. He's not so sui'e he
will get off without taking Mooney's
plaoe ln Sun Quentin.
I shook hands with him. "I'm
glad to have mot you, Mr. Macdonald," I said.
Suddenly tho rush of conversation was gone from him. His head
drooped and he hid his eyos.
"But I'm sorry it was on such an
errand," he cried, with a flash of
hot shame,
Fickert didn't get Macdonald's
hoart, aftor all.
Our Greatest Sale
Get the extraordinary benefits,, in Suits,
Coats and Dresses—in Handsome Salt's'
Plush Coats. ,
Actually Less Than Cost
in this
Special End-of-Month Clearance.
No Mail Orders—No 0. 0. D.'s—at present sale
prices.
A section of the Unemployed Pwhtde last Sunday, oa the workless and those wlu expect to* be, passed
down Main Street.
Mr. Andrew Rothsteln has been
expelled from Oxford university.
His father ls Soviet ambassador to
Porsia, and was at ono time connected with the Krassin Mission,
Mr. A. Rothsteln stated that no
reason had beon offered for his expulsion. He sconjectured "that It
was bocauso of his Communist
sympathies/*
The Rubaiyat of a Proletarian
(By Maxitailian Cohen)
Why 1 If the Soul could fling its Mask aside,
And show the stinking, filthy Thing inside,
How many of our plutocratic; Rich,
Would shrinking, run, their Nakedness to hide!
Alas! The One to charity inclined,
And e'en-the Beggar stricken dumb and blind,
Alike must needs their Bartering subdue,
The one from God—the other from his kind.
i
Philanthropists and all that'oily crew,
No matter be they Gentile; Moslem, Jew-
Think not they give because.to give is Good;
They give because they must—what can they do?
Should they withhold' the paltry piece of Gold
That feeds the Poor, or shelters them from cold,
A stalking Host would menace all their wealth—
Lazarus is not the LazarusTif old.
Ah! But they hedge their Giving round with lies,
As if their gold jvere Joanna from the skies
Which a kind of Providence had showered down
In answer to the people's prayers and cries I
They think they are custodians of God,
And all must bencj tlie'knee when they but Hod;
And all must fawn^! in Servile fashion like—
And even ki& the ground whereon they trod.
Their gold is but tjie Ijipod of human toil,
Plus* all the simple treasures of the soil,
Transmuted by their selfishness and greed
Into a curse—a OurSTwe yet must foil.
With this false gold they chained the human race,
And damned thctide'df Progress at its base;
With it they kindledi;Envy—Lust—and Hate,
And Vices, centuries will not efface.
■t.
The Workers toil frdin early morn till night,
In factories, mills,jgicl minesr-a ghastly sight I
And this iB all the Harvest that they reap—
Tomorrow they must toil from morn till night.
Each men must earn his Bread by sweat of browl
And all Mankind before this dictum bow,
But not that little Knot of selfish drones -
Who neither toil nor spin, but live—somehow 1
Would you their Secret of Existence leamt
Seek not in fabled tale or storied urn,
Seek rather in the Laws that govern Slaves
And all the lies of poets scorn and spurn.
Each mom a million Children gaunt and thin,
The Factory door or mill must enter in,
Tired, sleepy little tots, not rested quite
From yesterday, the New Day must begin.
Their nimble fingers flit; now out, now in,
Amid the looms that whirl with deaf'ning din;
Deprived of air and sunshine, stunted, warped,
Ere they have learned to play—have learned to sin.
But helpless victims of tho Masters' game,
They rot in Poverty or die in Shame.
Sweet Adolescence is a hideous dream,
And Womanhood a Vice without a name.
Ah! Why must little children suffer so?
Why must they toil—whom is it for they sow?
Aye! Ask the Rich, the sleek, contented pigs—
They know about it all—They know—They know.
The Master Class who've ruled throughout all time,
And sit in power in every land and clime—
Look not to thom to mitigate your lot,
They only rule by Bobbery and Crime.
Thc Master Class decrees, and onco decreed
'Tis Law. Nor muttered threat nor wanton deed
Shall stay the execution of their will—
Nor pity move though Christ himself should plead.
They subsidize the Pulpit and tho Press,
And even Courts andLegislatures, yes!
There is no avenue'of thought or deed
Into their service, they do not impress.
Do you believe their Hirelings and their Lies,
Tlieir Sycophants who preach and moralize—
Who teach Contentment and Submission, but
Whom Working-mfen ^istrust, detest, despise?
Why? They are but a prostituted Bow
Of bought-and-paid-for Judas-shapes who know
They sell their Birthright for the Master's Cash
To act as Barkers for the Master's show.
They reign in Peace, or plunge us into War,
Whichever way best makes their profits soar.
What if thoir Dollars drip with Human Blood.
What if a sorrowing country sorrows morel
Ah! But they preach Equality, you say;
Yes, prco.h—but do they practice, brother? nay;
'Tis but the Cloak the modern Tyrants use
To fool tho Masses and prolong their Sway.
O, Ye who make men flght at your Commands,
Stamp on our Rights and laugh at our Demands,
Beware! The Working Class is learning fast
To wield the Sword you forced into its Hands I
Indianapolis Unions Are
Contemplating Removing: Ten Millions
(By the Federated Preps)
Washington—Ten million dollars
of trade union funds now on deposit in banks in Indianapolis will be
removed from that city to some
place less hostile to the Labor*
movement,, lf plans now practically
completed by international union
officials are carried out, it ia roported hero.
In Indianapolis are the international headquarters of the Unitod
Mine Workers, the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners,
the Teamsters, the Bricklayers, the*
International Typographical Union
and other Labor bodies having
a large membership and correspondingly big treasuries. Officials of
those unions have become annoyed
at the open and persistent encouragement given by Indianapolis
commercial and financial interests
to tho anti-Labor propaganda con.
ducted by the Associated Employors of Indianapolis, whose secretary, A. J. Allen, appears to be
spending millions in printed matorial sent broadcast over the nation.
Allen's latest broadside is
lengthy "Argument in Support of
(Indiana State) Senate Bill No 140,
to prohibit picketing and boycot
ting for the purpose of Inducing
workers to quit or refuse omploy,
ment, and to forbid the continuance of a boycott." Also, he has
sent out a fervid plea for the State
constabulary bill introduced in Indiana, and an appeal for protest
against an eight-hour law for working women,
It is reported that some of the
110,000,000 of union funds may be
deposited In the Locomotive Engineers' Co-operative National Bank
in Cleveland, and possibly some of
tham in the Machinists' Bank hore.
623
HASTINGS ST. W
New Granville
Chicago.—The Chicago Window
Washers' Union has won its strike,
started January 3, and has defeated the "open shop" drive of the
employers by securing contraots
with a union shop clause from all
except three of  the   18   window-
washing firms of the olty. To flght
the issue out with these three concerns the union hae started a cooperative window washing business
of Us own. Meanwhile the Arms In
question have secured a temporary
injunction prohibiting picketing.
Qumituro
Is What We Sell and Onr Oreat
February Sale
gives you the opportunity of purchasing this at Immensely
Reduced Prie ^ I
LAST DAYS
of this Groat Event are now In sight, so It wonld be advisable
for you to call lure at once. Make it Saturday morning or
early afternoon. We've got a big stock and we'd like to have
you make a full Inspection. Our low rent location enables
ns at all times to undersell others.
HOME
FURNITURE CO.
416 Main St.
, Opposite Oily Hall ,
UNIONISTS-ATTENTION!
The B. C FEDERATIONIST
IS NOW IN A POSITION TO EXECUTE ALL KINDS OF
PRINTING
AT REASONABLE BATES
When You Need-
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
•PRICES
LETTERHEADS
ENVELOPES
CARDS
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OB ANT KIND OF PRINTING—GIVE
US TOUR ORDER AND WE WILL
GIVE YOU SATISFACTION.
TELEPHONE SEYMOUR 5871
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needi. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
BOOM 1, VIOTOBIA BLOCK 342 PENDER STREET WEST
Oor. Homer and Pender Streeta, Vancouver, B. 0. FRID-lT.... .February IS. 19«1
TmRran.rrra year, no. t tHE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. c.
PAGE THREB"
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
THIS PAGE 16 PAID I'OR BY THE LUMBER  OAMP AND AGRICULTURAL WORKERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ONE BIG UNION.   OPINIONS EXPRESSED THEREIN ARE NOT NECESSARILY ENDORSED BY THE FEDERATIONIST.
An Appeal to O.B.U. Members and
to Workers in the Lumber Industry
fN SAULT STE. MARIE, ONT..
I O. B. U. meeting February 9,
the question for discussion- was:
"Our organization activities," Thia
Question we thought to be of ao
great in importance, that a committee was elected to draft a letter
for publication and to be sent to
the district offices, thereby to get
this question under discussion and
deliberation everywhere, because
our organisation work everywhere
demands co-operation and general
discussion of all the questions
arising therefrom, so - we can
build our organization to meet the
demands of the social-economic
development of today and to be a
class-struggle organization; therefore we hope that the contents of
thla letter will ba taken notice of
In every locality, discuss the subjects therein, and communicate to
the following address: (Aarne
Eloranta, SO Edlnburg Street,
Sault Ste. Marie, Ont) of what
action you have decided upon.
Fellow Workera,—Our organisation, the 0. 6. U., la only so
strong, ln meeting the demands of
the social-economic development of
the age, revolutionary in Its principles and tactics In our atruggle
towarda the goal—Induatrlal freedom—as we, the rank and flle
make lt, give tt strength and keep
in fighting order.
If the Internal organism of the
organisation is not ln good condition, lt la our—the rank and flle
—fault, If we have not drafted
rules to meet the demands of our
activities, and for keeping the officers ln cheek, etc, and because we
have not'given fair thought and
deliberation to questions before deciding our actions. If we are lad
from above, lt ia our fault if wa
have not decided about our own
affairs, and have not made everything subject to the rule of the
rank and flit. If our methoda of
organisation are weak, on account
of organisation as a mass, It Is our
fault, because we do not strive
atrongly enough towards organising industrially, but are satisfied to
act In a mass like the political parties. Although with the difference,
that we accept as members only
wage workers, but the political
parties accept all, and therefore It
cannot be revolutionary ln Its
nature nor tn action.
The activities of the workers In
the lumber Industry are In a bad
way today. For example, the lumber workera ln B. C. have withdrawn from the O. B. U. and formed an Independent organisation, explaining as the cause for this, that
the 0. B. B. of the O. B. U. has
acted contrary to the accepted
principles, and becauae the O. E. B.
Is not elected by general referendum, and therefore we are not on
a democratic—free choice of the
majority—basis, for whloh our organisation ls striving at ln a much
'Vaster acale, Le., to mean the proletariate—and not only in our internal activities. Fort Frances has
lupported this action ln their recent convention and has decided
to remain ln the lumber workers'
organisation (C A A. W. I. Union).
On the other hand, the Fort
Arthur district withdrew from the
above-mentioned organization some
time ago, and Is now affiliated
directly with the O. B. U. Same
Question Is on a general referendum In the Sudbury district at the
present time. Timmins and Cochrane districts are directly afflliated
with the O. B. U, These two latter districts are on the basla of
mass organ lastion, although
great part of the members are ln
favor of organisation industrially.
This shows already, that in the
organiiation question we'll have to
get ln clearer water, and to construct our organisation more solidly, lf we hope to get better results
In our struggle to improve our conditions, and at the same time, direct our way towards, the goal—
towards industrial freedom—with
more strength than we have been
able to ao far, because of our internal disruptions, and thereby
acting only ln small parties.
Organising ln the lumber industry haa brought results ln those
localities, where tt haa been
stronger, becauae the members are
olass conscious and understand
what solidarity means. For exam*
pie, out west, and on the Algoma
line, Ontario, they have a shorter
day, higher wages, better food,
large and sanitary camps, bath
houses, etc.; but ln northern Ontario, Quebec, etc., where the
workers have not organized, or the
organization ls weaker, the conditions are contrary. Tou will even
flnd that the horses and men in-
, habit the same bunkhouse.
Just now, when the economical
organism of society Is in a paralysed state, and the ever-spreading
unemployment Increases the large
army of the unemployed, causing
misery and starvation, but, at the
same time creating discontent and
thoughts of revolt against the existing condltlona, against the capitalistic robbery system, therefore
we'll have to get these workers to
understand the cause, of which the
result—unemployment and misery
—weighs and Increases the load of
want upon aU of us. We have to
get them to understand the necessity of organising Industrially, ln
the One Big Union. At the same
time, we have to solidify our In'
ternal activities, by making the
necessary changes ln the organism
of the organization, and by starting an active campaign ot education and of construction for the
purpose of doing our part tn the
class-struggle towards ths social
revolution, without compromise
with the bourgeoise or wtth hour
geoistto tendencies.
With the above, we appeal to all
the workers In the lumber Industry, to take thts letter under discussion and consideration in your
meetings, and Btart at once to build
up an industrial union ln the lumber Industry, so that by next fall
we are able to make the same demands and flght for their realization with a solid organization, involving the whole lumber Industry.
At the same time we hope, that
all the wage workera would take
notice of thla.   Even if we have ad
dressed this especially to workera
In the lumber Industry, our object
ls, to get all the workers in all the
Industries to do likewise, help one
another in our common atruggle,
and together build up an organization through which we are able to
strive towards the goal—Industrial
freedom—and help the workers of
Russia ln their great undertaking,
ln the making of industrial democracy where the producers shall
decide the terms of production and
of distribution.
We also make the following suggestion: that we hold a general
convention in Sault Ste Marie, Ont,
beginning April 2, 1921, to which
all the units, camps and districts
could send their delegates. In this
convention the question of organising an industrial unton ln the
lumber Industry would be taken
up, and perhapa decide on some
line of action in order to get lt
atarted and that thia organization
ahould affiliate with the 0. B. U.,
thereby building up tho induatrlal
International.
Yours for organizing Industrially, and for class solidarity,
JOHN A. MAKI,
EDWARD LEHTO,
JUKKA TOIVAR,
Committee appointed In meeting.
Camp Reports
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT OF THE
LUMBER WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
Kamloops, B. C, Feb. 17, 1921.
A meeting of the district executive board waa held last Saturday,
and the minutes are as follows:
Meeting called to order at 5:30
p.m. W. S. Kllner, chairman. N.
D. McKinnon, recording secretary.
N. B. McDonald, W. F. Foster,
J. L. McDonald. J. Daley has left
British Columbia.)
Moved and seconded: That a
travelling organizer be appointed to
organize and sell stamps, and to
stay on the job as long as satisfactory results are obtained.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That Jas.
Peterson be appointed travelling
organizer; that he be directly responsible to the secretary and can,
at any time, be recalled by the
executive board; and that a weekly
report of his progress be published In the Bulletin.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
organizer be paid $6 per day and
railroad fares; that ho pay his own
board, lodging, etc   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
seoretary be Instructed to publish
rules and regulations of the Sick
Beneflt Fund, and that copies be
sent to members after being approved by executive board. Carried.
Moved and seconded: That 15
per cent, of dues collected for Sick
Beneflt Fund go to the organization funds, to cover costs of collecting Sick Benefit Fund.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, That thp
secretary be instructed to buy a
mimeograph as soon as possible
Carried,
Moved and seconded, That executive board members be paid
transportation and f5 per day for
time lost in attending executive
meetings.    Carried.
Meeting was adjourned at 6 p.m.
In addition to the above, there
was a great deal of discussion
about literature, organization, pushing of the hospital fund and sale
of the stamps. In regard to literature, there has been an order placed for the O. B. U. Bulletin, Solidarity, The Worker and Ukranlan
Labor News. Copies of these papers will be included in the bundles
for campa as soon as they get here,
also some Federatlonlsts, when our
own paper takes the place of The
Federatlonist as official paper. As
soon aa possible, there will be on
sale In this offlce, the following
publications: Gale's Magazine, The
Liberator, The Industrial Pioneer,
The Nation, and any others that
we get to help us to get more education and solidarity. Lists will be
published to show what ls on hand
and prices of aame. On hand at
preaent, Labor News of Soviet Rus.
sia, 26c Coming: The Brass Check,
Profit of Religion, and 100 Fer
Cent., all by Upton Sinclair.
The mimeograph Ib being bought
to save money. At present it costs
from $5 to $10 per week to have
the Weekly Bulletin printed.. With
a mimeograph of our own we can
do this much cheaper, and also use
lt for printing strike notices, circular letters, announcements of
meetings, etc.
J. L, Peterson was sent on a short
organizing trip last week, and went
east on the main line. He was
handicapped by the fact that n\ost
of the boys that were on the job
had just come back from the carnival at Revelstoke, and had no
money. Peterson's report for four
daya Is as followa: Receipts: Dues,
$89; fees, $8; sick beneflt dues, $9;
sale of stamps, $17.76. fcxpenses:
Railway fares, $6.86; wages (four
days), $24;. Total receipts, $68.76.
Total expenses, $80.86; balance remitted, $87.90. This la not a bad
ahowlng under the circumstances,
The district is a pretty big one,
with the addition of Merritt and
Penticton. There are several places
that have been out of touch with
the offlce for a long time, and an
organizer ls needed to get delegatea
placed and to shove things ahead
all over the district
Our friends, the bootleggers, are
still ln evidence in Kamloops. Talk
about your parasites. No member
of tho capitalist class was ever
•half the burden on our baaks that
theso things are. And wbat ts
more, they play the bosses' game
for htm by robbing us of what little we do get In exchange for
sweating In filthy campa and slaving 9 and 10 hours a day. Shall
we continue to support theae peo
pie? or shall wo take aome aotlon
to get them out with pick, making
little ones out of big onea, whore
they belong? Think It over beforo
you blow In the next time in town,
You can't boost the bootleggera
claaa and the working claaa, too.
Take your choice and stay with lt
A letter from a fellow worker
across the line at Rexford, Montana, says that things are pretty
bad down there. The sleigh-haul
camps are shut down on account of
wet weather, and wages are as low
as $80 per month.
A fellow worker just ln from
Golden, reports two camps running'
there. Wages 40c an hour, board
$1.60 a day quite a few old-timers
working there, and the usual run
of prairie chickens.
Chase la starting up again ln a
small way, and a few men went to
work there last week.
The Cranbrook Bulletin, says:
"The Lumber Workers have been
forced out of the O. B. U., and are
being - reorganized. It Ib no use
crying over spilled milk, rather let,
us look ahead and endeavor to
build a stronger and more enlightened organization which be accomplished by an honest and determined effort of all fellow workers.
That is certainly the way we muat
look at lt, and everybody dig In to
make the L. W. I, U. an aggressive,
fighting organization and work
with the idea that the rank and flle
of the O. B. U. will see the mistake their officials have made, and
that sooner or later we will again
take our place tn the O. B, U. There
is no question but that an O. B.
U. is the only solution to the problem of Industrial democracy, but it:
Is just as evident that the rank
and flle of each Industry Ib a great
deal more capable of carrying on
thetr own affairs than any set of officials who have worked themselves
Into offlce and have had laws passed to perpetuate themselveB in
these offices. Dig In, fellow workers, and each do your share to
make the L. W. X. U. an example
for the rest of the workers in Canada to follow. Jump on the bunkhouse cats and make them do.
something more than talk and find
fault. We are not perfect, and we
never be any more perfect until
everybody takes an active, Intelligent part _ln the work of the organization."
A flre nearly put the hall and
offlce out of business laBt night.
The Kamloops Fire Department
was right on the job, however, and
beyond being well smoked up, there
was little damage done. We are
still doing business at the same old
stand, .
W. S. KILNER,
Secretary-treasurer.
RAMPART
Simon Taylor's Camp (The old
East  Kootenay  camp)
ThiB Is one of the dirtiest camps
ln B. C. The bunk, houses are
never scrubbed out and the floors
are never, swept, unless one of the
men do it. The windows are so
dirty that you can hardly see out
of them, the glass is nailed iu and
not glazed as it should be. The
bunk houses ure 24x40 feet with
old wooden double-decked bunks
bunt for two men to a bunk; each
bunk house has accommodation
for 32 men. One bunk house has
single mattresses and the other has
some mattresses ln some bunks
and hay ln the others. The men
all sleep single except four who
have to double up. There ls
neither bathroom nor dryingroom.
The grindstone occupies a corner
in the bunk house and the floor
where it stands Is always in a pool
of water. The timekeeper Is also
barn boss and bull cook; he also
takes the lunch out to the men, a
diBtance of nearly three miles. If
he had time, he certainly hasn't
Inclination to scrub out the bunk
houses occupied by a bunch of
scab farmers from the prairie and
sctsBorbills, as that Is all htat ls ln
this camp. The hours were from
7 a.m. to 4.45 p.m. until the 1st
of February, then the men were
ordered to stay on the work until
6.16 p.m., and they stood for this
without any advance ln wages.
We will soon be back to the 10-
hour system. The wages are from
$3 to $4 per day, board $1.60 per
day. When the Raker Lumber
Company at Waldo built their now
camp last year, they were to put
in a bath room. The boiler and
stove arrived last May, but no
pipes, so the boiler and stove were
put In the harness room and locked up and they are still there. The
delegate that was in the camp at
that time would take the company's part, telling the men that
the pipes could not be got when
anyone would suggest a meeting to
enforce the erection of the bath.
There has not been a meeting held
ln thts camp for more than two
months. One worker has made
sevoral attempts to have meetings
held In this camp, but the dole-
gate always objects,
WHEN THIS SLEEPER  A WAKES-THEN  "GOOD NIGHT!"
-Drawn by Ry.n W.lk._ lor Th. Mow York 0.11 and Ti. Fodor.lc. Pr.il.
A Visit to a School Near Moscow
June 28, 1920,
(By W. McLalne In Soviet Russia)
THE SCHOOL was at one time
a training centre for cadets for
the army. It Is situated in a
very pleasant country district-In
the midst of a farming area. There
are a number of buildings that
serve as dormitories, dining rooms,
school rooms, etc. The children
attend the Elizabeth Institute in
Moscow during the winter and live
at this school during the spring
and summer months. There are
nine pavilions that serve as dormitories, dining rooms, school rooms,
etc., and a teacher is in charge of
each. When we visited the place,
there were about 200 children in
residence.
Much of the work done Is of a
practical character. The children
work in the fields, growing potatoes and vegetables generally.
They have allotments, and are personally responsible for them. A
number of goats and rabbits are
kept, and these are nttended to by
the children also. Parties go out
Into the fields and woods, and collect specimens which are brought
Mill Worker* Strike Still On
The strike at the Alborta Lumber
Co.'s mill Is being maintained with
full force. About half a crew of
scabs have been secured, the majority of whom are whites, with a
few Chinamen and Hindoos. Not
a single Japanese has been found
who would scab. The lumber workers union members are co-operating with the Japanese workers
union ln carrying on the picketing
and other strike activities.
Employment offices states that
instructions have been given the
staffs to recognize all strikers and
Labor troubles Irrespective of
whether the parties concerned are
Oriental or white.
George Duncan Killed
Fellow Worker George Duncan, a
miner, was killed while working ln
the bush at Prltchard, B. C. He
was struck by a falling tree and Instantly killed.
Duncan carried on O. B. U. card
No. 27662, Issued at Wayne, Alberta, and had receipts from other
places ln Alberta and ln the Crow.
The t *dy lies in Gordon's Undertaking rooms, Kamloops, B. C, and
will bo burled from there. WlU
any body who knew htm or hts
people correspond wtth W. S. Kllner, Box $12, Kamloops, B. C, ln
order that hla people may be notified of his death.
FIRST AID
Now olasaea will be started ta
the offices of the Workmen's Compensation    Board,    oa    Tuesday,
March 1st
SPEEDING UP
From what I havo seen and
heard during the last 18 months, I
bave come to the conclusion that
conditions ln many of the logging
camps of this province arc a good
deal worse now than ever they
were. The men do more work in
a day of 8 hours now than they
did in two days of 10 hours before
the war. On account of this speeding up more men are killed and
maimed in the lodging camps today
than at any other time since men
flrst began to log.
No one is to blame for this
state of things but the working
mon themselves. They were suckers, enough to bite at the bait offered them by the bosses when
they Introduced the bonus system
and piece work into the camps. A
men from different camps that If
the question were put to a vote
the great majority of the men
would vote for piece wouk and
bonus. I hope thoy have seen the
error of their ways and changed
their minds by this time. They
should see that they are not only
scabbing on their fellow workers,
but scabbing on themselves un
woll; that the harder they work
the sooner they work themselves
out of a job, Truly hord work
hardens the skull, or they would
have seen this long ago.
Some of them actuulty worship
work. Instoad of being n^hamed
of sweating for hire, they are
proud of being called "good men"
by the boss. They do not seem
to realize that lt is an honor to be
fired for not being a "good man."
Let them cut out all piece work
and sweating on the job, and try
striking on the job for a change.
A man who sweats for hire leads
a life of dishonor. Let them rely
on themselveB to better their condition; and not upon others. Let
them beware of politicians and
preachers, especially preachers.
Mc
Any member of organized labor
knowing the whereabouts of Fred
Enright, who may be acting as
delegate of the Lumber Workers
Union, ta requeatod to send Information to Fort Francis district offlce, or the headquarters at Vancouver.
WANTED
Will John Wiklund from Eys-
brjn, Sweden, or some one knowing hla present address, write to
JOHN WESTERLUND, Whonnook,
B. C?   Important. •*•
PROPAGANDA MEETING
The rogular Sunday propaganda
meeting will be held at 13 o'clock
noon on Sunday ao that the members will have an opportunity of
taking In (be unemployed parade.
M. D. Rodgers, late of Buokloy
Bay, please communicate with
Princo Rupert offloo.
back and examined and discussed
In the evenings. Practical surveying la learned by actual work at
measuring up the field surrounding the school and the preparation
bf plans of the places thus surveyed. '
A theatre has been fitted up, and
the scholars take part In the performances. Just before our visit,
some of the older girls had rehearsed a piny, and had prepared the
scenery and costumes, without anything being known of lt until it
wus announced to be performed.
■-. Drawing, sewing, fitting, Gorman,
literature, gymnastics and singing
all find a place in the curriculum.
Plays are discussed and read, and
the games are organized. For their
Swedish drill they lack apparatus,
becauae of the blockade. The visitors' hud the opportunity of visiting *A\e various parts of the school.
The building?) were very clean, and
the dormitories appeared to be in
a good and tidy atate. It was interesting to note that the girls' dor.
mitorles were gaily decorated with
bunches of wild flowers, and on
the littlo lockers at the head of the
beds, were arranged picture postcards and other humble treasures.
The boys' rooms, by humorous contrast, were examples of Spartan
simplicity; there were no flowers,
no decorative odds and ends—nothing but perhaps a few books.
We lunched with the children on
excellent soup and a dish of kasha
—a kind of meal paste that the
writer, found quite appetizing. At
lunch we had un opportunity of
seeing all the children together.
We were all assembled in an open
air pavilion with sides. The children -wAi'c of all ages—from about
four to seventeen. They all looked
exceedingly healthy and very happy
and in our conversations with thom
we found them very grateful for
the great change that had come in
their lives. They asked us If our
own town children were fortunate
enough to be taken out into the
country for thc summer months,
and when we thought of our olty
boya and girls playing ln the dusty
streets wc were mado painfully
aware of the difference.
In our talks with the children,
we were much Impressed with their
frank mnnner and sturdy bearing.
Thc immediate responses to our
queries, and tho way In which thoy
were given, were evidences of a
trnin Ing nuito different to tho usual
kind. There was no simpering
shyness, nnd yet there was no over-
bnhlmm Some could speak Germnn nnd French well onough to
GonypVBe with those of our party
who were familiar with these languages.
I^The teachers told us that tbe
sexes mixed quite freely, and for
the older ones there were sex
talks. Although lt was a mixed
school, there had been no sex
troubles of any kind.
After lunch the children escorted us around the fields and allotments, and were immensely proud
of their work. Thoy brought out
the white goats—clean and sleek
—for our inspection, and took us
\o see tho rabbit house. This was
bf special Interest. Whon the
achool was a training place for the
young cadets, tt was used as a kind
of prison for refractory youths.
There waB a centrnl passage, and
on each side of tt, tiny wooden cells
that must have been positively
Btlfllng ln the hot summer weather.
Now, the cells houso a good collection of pet bunnies! On one of the
cell walls was an Inscription written by a one-time sufferer, "The
stars will fall, the heavens will
open before justice will be done
to a poor cadet," and on another,
one that made reference to regrets
for having tlllctly uaed tobacco.
Some of the ohlldren were sons
and daughters of the old middle
class, and In some canes their parents wero known to be active opponents of the present regime.
One charming young girl of about
sixteen years of ago, was the
daughter of an officer fighting
against Soviet Russia—she told us
ago herself quite  frankly-—but It
Matti Kurikka
An Attempt at a Socialist
Community
The experiences gained from old
social structures are foundations
for the future. In the van, ln theae
periods of transition are a claas of
men and women whose Intellect
and farsightedness discern the
right trend of affairs, without undergoing the bitter experience subject to the Ignorant Theee mental
pioneers who so unselfishly strive
for the welfare of their fellowmen
have ever been subject to shame
and infamous persecution, often
passing away In utter Insignificance.
Buch an exponent of freedom and
lntelelctual advancement was Matti Kurikka, the founder of a Finnish Socialist settlement on Malcolm Island, B. C,
Although the attempt failed, like
all other attempts at Utoplanism;
there is still a certain amount of
knowledge gleaned from their
trials and experiences. The character of the founders of theae Innovations is really worthy of note, for
they were faced by opposition from
all quarters, and nothing but sheer
power of will and determination- to
»erve humanity could have brought
them as far as some of them came.
I here, in a few words, attempt
to relate the life of Mattl Kurikka,
the father of Socialism in Finland.
He was born in 1863, near Petrograd, Russia, of Finnish parents.
He was educated ln Helsingfors,
Finland, where he quite early bogan his literary career. This consisted mainly of novels and plays,
whtch all carried a certain embodiment of freedom, so repulsive to
the upper classes and by which he
gained their hatred. Gradually hla
works began to deepen until they
embraced all the burning questions
of the day. His deep researches of
the Bible and severe criticism of
the church, brought him Into fierce
opposition, with the then . most
dominant faction tn Finland.
He at length became Interested
In economics and general affairs of
the Finnish proletariat, then greatly oppressed by its rulers. Socialism
In Finland before Mattl Kurikka
undertook its leadership was ln lta
Infancy, Its supporters were few
and weak. Mattl Kurikka was now
In his element and with his whole
energetic being began the guidance
of tho great cnuse, but still keeping on n persistent strugglo with
the church.
Under him the cause of the once
poor and oppressed proletariat was
fast making itsolf a power In tho
land. But tho enemy were still
powerful. The bourgeoisie class
saw their danger and realized that
their opponent was a man of no
common ability but a mental colossus. So the capitalists combined
with the church, and alas to say,
made no difference whatever to
the treatment she received. She
was not fighting against the peoplo
and so she had the same place in
the school as any other child.
Most of the ohlldren wore proletarians and came from the outskirts of Moscow.
One boy Interested us vory
much. He was fifteen years of age,
tall and strong-looking, and had
been with tho Red Army for two
years. Ho had boon sent back
once or twice but wanted to return
again. For our benefit ho went to
his room and changed into his uniform, and rode round the fields on
a horse, liko a born cavalryman.
A Californlan representative who
was with us, photographed him
and promised to hand us all copies
but unfortunately he later took a
simpshot of a group of children,
and had neglected to change hM
slides!
Boforo we left .thn children
brought to us groat bunches of
wild flowers—marguerites and
blossoms—and at the end of our
day crowded round our autos giving us numberless messages for tho
children of our respective countries, oheerlng us vigorously and
waving us a Joyous farewell,
It waa without doubt a happy
day for us, and one well spent
8 OF
Bonds of Empire
Are Being Badly
Stretched
Decision of the Canadian
Court Affects All
Dominions
(By W. Francis Ahern)
To oven the most casual observer,
lt ls becoming apparent that the
bonds of British Imperialism have
been tightened upon Australian democracy until today Australia is
little more than a crown colony,
and subject to all the tyranny of
an arrogant Imperialism. This has
been rendered possible by the
treachery of loud-mouthed peddlers
of cheap Imperial sentiments and
psuedo-patrlotiam, suoh as Prime
Minister Hughes and others, who
are ever-willing to perform the
.dirty work demanded by their Imperialistic masters.
The utter impossibility of Imperialism and real democracy existing
aide by side la ao apparent, that lt
ia puzzling and almost unbelievable
that the Australian people could
have fallen such easy victims to a
system of Imperial domination
which la aa absurd as It la outrageous. And one of the principles
of Imperialism la recognized. aa a
legitimate and desirable part of democracy—which ia paradoxical—
then the rapid descent of democracy Into the pathways of reactionary Imperialism ls an easy matter,
until at last democracy becomes
but an appendage to Imperialism,
pure and simple. Whatever has
happened ln this direction, the
Australian people.must take their
ahare of the blame. They were
warned whither the ranting Im-
aome of hla own colleagues and
banished out of the land, this
champion of the usurped and friend
of all Intelltctual advancement.
He then travelled ln various
countriea, studying their economlo
conditions and at last settling for
a time ln Australia. Inactivity was
not for this energetic man. So on
hearing of a group of Finnish settlers with Socialistic propensities,
in Nanalmo, B. C, he at once went
there.
He began to edit a Socialist paper and travelled about the country
giving Socialist speeches at all
Finnish settlements. Wherever he
was heard ho Inspired the people
with a desire for freedom and Improvement It was this animated
creative genius that drew all people to him and which waa eventually the cauae of the forming of
a community ln Malcolm, B. C, In
1901.
The atm of the founders of this
community waa to withdraw from
the Insane turmoil of capitalist society and endeavor to prove ln
practice what they knew to be correct ln theory. This society was to
be directed on the basis of a Socialist system, where every one
produces and where every one receives an equal share of the proceeds.
After enduring many hardships,
the lack of funds boing thetr chief
obstacle, they succeeded ln making
a home on this deBolated Island.
They erected a sawmill and machine shops where they made commodities for thetr own and others'
use. Their object waa to become
totally Independent, ao aa to give
each Individual an opportunity for
mental development. I
The cauae to the dissolution of
this community after three years'
existence was chiefly external Interference from capitalistic sources; but also internally by certnin
hoodlums who were not up to the
standards of Socialist philosophy.
Many have laid the blame on Mattl Kurikka, but that is false, for
this noble-minded man gavo all
that was in him for their welfare,
but like ln his own country, received naught ln payment but vile
lies.
We last hear of him as an editor
of a Finnish Socialist paper in New
York, which office he held until
his death ln 1916. Here again wo
meet him the same warm friend
of mankind but always a severe
defender of truth and Justice. The
disappointments and vicissitudes of
his experience not In thc slightest
diminishing the Integrity of hla
philosophy. Apart from being an
accomplished writer and a born
orator, he was an artist and a
splendid companion.
So pawned one of the shining
lights of truth and justice, A man
porhaps ahead of his age, but upon
whoae unselfish labor posterity
shall place Its required value.
K. O.
perlallsts were leading them, and If *
today, or tn the near future, they
flnd   themselves   crucified   on  tha.
cross of Imperialism, some of'tho
blame at least Is their own.   And
having abased itself In the presence
of the Imperialists, then the Australian people must likewise tako .
their share of the dishonor arising.
from the filthy deeds of Imperial-
Ism perpetuated by Great Britain
throughout the world.    They can-'
not wash their hands clean of tho.
whole business.
It 1b high time that the people
of Australia, which claims to bo
the grandest democracy on earth,
took some steps to eradicate tho
microbe of Imperialism that Is
slowly yet surely undermining tho
foundations of democracy tn Australia. They have to realize lf Australia is ever going to solve its national problems In a sane and progressive manner, that .Imperialism
and demooraoy are flrst and last a
glaring anomoly, a contradiction.
All the windy patriotic platitudes
and shallow arguments about "silken bonds of Empire" and **ome
ties" cannot conceal this great
truth, that no feat democracy can
exist and have Its being ln conjunc-.
tlon with Its ago-long and relentless enemy, Imperialism. All tho
Imperialistic dope peddlers that
make It thoir buainess to flutter
from one overaeas dominion to ths
other, cannot alter this great historic fact, ahd as soon as the people of Australia boldly and honestly face this position, and forc«
thetr political representatives to
discard the Imperialistic mask, so
soon will Australia become a democracy in deed as well as tn
name.
As with other overseas countries,
many and varied are the forces al
work to enmesh the Australian people ln the web of Imperialism. Only
a few months ago, as Australian!
aee it, British Imperialism scored a
most significant victory, which
strikes a deadly blow at the whole
system bf self-determination and
self-government of the British do*
minions. The State Legislature ol
British Columbia enacted a law
that no timber licenses or concessions should be granted to aliens.
Thts was, of course, only the usual
domestic legislation, but the law
was appealed agalnat by representatives of powerful Japanese inter-'
ests, and a test case was brought
before the Federal High Court ol
Canada.
As Is well known, that body oi
judges gave the extraordinary decision that any statute of a state
or dominion which Is inconsistent
with the provisions of an Imporial
treaty, Is null and void. In dui
course, a verdict was given In favor of the Japanese concessionaires.
Whatever may have been doni
In Canada in the matter, It is a fact
that not a single newspaper
ln Australia, save the Labor
press, offered any comment
on a decision which, as we see it
in Australia, destroys every semblance    of    self-determination in—
what we hav* been accustomed to
call self-governing dominions. Tha
decision of the Canadian Federal
High Court reverses all conceptions of wbat Is considered as evidence in a court of law.
Whatever may be the actual
wording of the Anglo-Japanese
treaty, lt ls a secret document whos«
provisions cannot be quoted in a
law court. The Canadian federal
Judiciary therefore gave a decision
upon a matter which was not a
question of evidence. How did they
arrive at that decision? That ln
itself is something of a mystery.
Falling any evidence of the actual
wording of the treaty ln question,
It would seem as tf the Canadian
judiciary relied upon gecret Imperial Instructions. If this is so, then
it is quite a new feature ln judicial
matters, and Is capable of the most
sinister developments. And be suro
the precedent established will bo
availed of elsewhere.
OEEMAK OOAL
FLOODS BRITAIN
British Miners Are Out of Work
While Germany la Paying
Debt In Ooal
(By Evelyn Sharp, Federated Presi
Staff Correspondent)
London—One direct effect of the
attempt to "make Germany pay,"
as Otto Hue, louder of the German
miners pointed out at the meeting
of the Mlntrs International, Is that
by providing cheap coal for markets outside Germany, British coal
Is undersold and British miners
consequently are being thrown out
of work. Mcanwhlte German capitalists are enabled to make large •
profits.
Two facts tn this country confirm
Hue's contention. Coal pits nre
closing down, and the price of gai
Is tenplng up because of the Inability of gas companies to dispose ol
their by-products, such as coke, on
account or this glut In the foreign
markets.
GIVE A HAND
Before making a purchase, lool
up our list of advertisers on pugc 7,
and then patronize onc of them,
and by so doing give The Federatlonist a boost
STATEMENT OF SHIPMENTS OF MEDICAL SUPPLIES TO SOVIE1
RUSSIA ON ACCOUNT OF SOVIET RUSSIA MEDICAL
RELIEF COMMUTED
New York City, January 22, 1921.
Shipped up to December 31, 1920  .... 5 73,701.81
Shipped during January, 1921, via S, ft'.
Stockholm as baggage, with L. C. A, K,
Mortons:
Various Vaccines $1,514.87
Hospital Supplies, Drugs,   and   Modical
Imtrumonta   2,971.87
Cartage        21.75
Donated Modical Supplies      600.00
 85,108.49
Shipped via 8. S. Panola:
10 Cases of Donated Medical Supplies  1,200.00
Total Modical Supplies shipped during January  %   6,308,41.
Grand Total up to January 22, 1921 t 78,010.14
PaymontH mado for abovo shipments:
Paid In cash, to December 31, 1920  1 42,582.13
Paid ln caah during January 1921   9,081.21
DonatcdOoods to Dccomber 31, 1920   1,200.00
Donated Goods during January, 1921  1.800.00
Balance Payable  23,347.00
Ttotal     I W10.J4 MB FOUR
THIRTEENTH YEAR.    No. 7
*__, BRITISH ..C0kUMBIA FEDERATIONIST "r Vancouver, a a
PRii3AiC^:.r'_*,ebru4ry
IHE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
te
•bed ev$rjr Friday morning by Tb. B. 0.
Federationitt, Limited
-J
B, WELLS...
...Manager
tfffloe:   Boom 1, Victoria Block, 841 Pender
j. Stroet Weat
if' Tolophone Beymour 6871
JJuburibtion Bates:   United States and Foroign,
\   13.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.60
' (or six months; to Unions subscribing in a
,.   body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor: Tbe Hope of tbe World
..February 25, 1921
SOME little time ago the Financial
Post, published in Toronto, exposed
the activities of one O. M. Murray who
is an officer of the Canadian Manufacturers, and who had endeavored to intimidate the press to
THE PRESS take a protectionist
AMD "PUBLIO viewpoint, and to
HONOR" carry on protection
ist propaganda, It is
now alleged that Mr. Murray has been
acting with Premier Meighen, and the
Regina Leader charges that with tthe connivance ot the Meighen administration
Mr. Murray has attempted to coerce and
bribe the newspapers of Canada, The
Vancouver Sun, in an editorial, commenting on this matter, says in conclusion:'
A combination of advertisers and
politicians to control the newspapers
of the oountry is doomed to failure;
but in the attempted exercise of its
purposes of evil intent, would be
certain to tarnish public honor and
unsettle confidence.  For these reasons a Parliamentary investigation,
and   full  publicity   in   connection
therewith, are absolutely necessary.
While the Sun may wax indignant at
any attempt to form a combination to
force the newspapers to adopt a certain
polioy, yet there is not a newspaper man
in Canada who knows anything about
the business who does not know that
the news columns of the daily press are
very much determined by the pressure
of big business and the politicians.  Local instances of changes in policy towards the government could be cited to
give point to this fact if it were necessary, but the man on the Btreet is well
aware of how newspapers are dictated
to.   In fact, if the Federationist had
have cared to pander to .some of those
who used to advertise in its columns
they would have continued to use it as
an advertising medium.
* * »
The capitalistic press in this day is the
weapon of the master class. It dances
to the tune of those who pay the piper.
News is suppressed if it would offend
any large concern that is looked upon
as a good customer. It dances to the
tune called by the old political parties
who subsidize it, when in power, by advertising and other ways. It is supposed
to present the news without fear or favor, but is prostituted to the vested interests and the ruling class of any given
country.
* • *
Public honor is supposed to be involved in this question, but if there is
such a thing in existence the press
betrayed it every day during the war
and since peace was declared. The distortions of the' press with regard to
Soviet Russia were worse, if possible,
than the lies that were disseminated
during the war. The distortion of tho
facta with regard to the labor movement by the daily press has become almost proverbial and is fully indicative
as to who and what interests control
the purveyors of "news" to the publio.
It has been stated that Soviet Russia
was able to make the break with capitalism owing to the fact that the people of
that country had not been poisoned by
a capitalistic press. If that is so the
sooner the workers cease to believe in
the news found in the press that is dictated to by profit priest and king, the
better it will be for them. They will
have less to unlearn, or rather get rid
of in the future.
THOSE people who still cling to the
belief that capitalism can be of any
•further use to humanity, and that there
is a possibility of a return to normal
conditions, which at best means starvation to a large number of
WORE workers, must at this time
AND THE be wondering when the
WORKER revival in trade is to take
place. By a revival in
trade we do not mean some improvement
In local circles, but in the world situation. Judging from the news from
Europe and the Old Land, the situation
Is not by any means improving, but is
daily growing worse. It has been reported in the local press that Germany is
dumping goodi in the Old Land at prices
much less than they can be produced in
England, and that this dumping is to
some extent the cause of the depression
. ln that country. Millions of pounds
worth of commodities are being sent into
France and Great Britain, and the British Workers have the opportunity of
"buying cheap," and yet they are kicking because they have no work.
8 # * #
While German forces were not able to
Invade the Old Land during the war, except Jn such instances aB where aeroplanes were used, yet the Germans are
now invading that land and creating a
situation that is most interesting. The
advocates of cheaper goods will, no
doubt, get a lot of satisfaction out of the
opportunity to buy cheap, and no doubt
the British workman will be tickled to
death to know, that he can buy a German made bicycle at much less than they
can be manufactured for in the country
in which he resides. Looking for work is
a strenuous job these days, and with the
aid of a cheap Gorman bioyole muoh
more ground will be ablo to be covered
in tho search of the illusive, but ever
desirable work. German coal is being sent
to France, and sold back again to Germany, thus restricting the demand for
coal mined in France. Great Britain's
exports in coal have dropped at an
alarming rate, and from latest reports
wo learn that there are at loast sixty
thousand Welsh miners out of work as a
result.
From the above it will be seen that
the patchers up of capitalism in Europe
have'mado a mess of things. While the
German worker is getting low wages he
is working, and the British are idle.
France is desperate and confusion becomes more confounded. The workers,
however, are demanding work. They
cannot see that it is not work that they
need but the necessities of life. Great
Britain has been in the habit of exporting 73,400,118 tons of coal per year, while
the people who reside in that country
were without coal with which to keep
them warm. Close to nine million tons
were sent to Germany alone in 1913, but
now Germany is not taking much, only
13,457 tons being sent to that oountry
in 1920. And the British won the war.
In fact, they won it and lost trade in
coal to the extent of 48,468,265 tons per
annum since 1913. Some victory, and the
workers of the Old Land are reaping the
benefits of that victory in the shape of
unemployment and a decreased standard
of living.
* * *
It may be asked just what this has to
do with the workers of this country. The
answer is that it has everything to do
with them. As capitalism breaks up in
Europe and trade and commerce becomes
disorganized the workers of this country must eventually feel the effects of it.
It is true that conditions are not as bad
here as they are in Europe; due to the
fact that this is a new* country and much
development work is being carried on in
places, but the fact remains that as the
house of cards falls about the ears of
the European nations, so will development work be shut ofl here and industry
will be closed down. Judging from the
amount of commodities that have been
exported frpm the Old Land, the British
worker has, in .the past, worked very
well and to the profit of his master, and
if work would have put him in a secure
position then he should be in the securest
position in the world. Work, however,
is not really what he wants, he needs
the wherewithall on which to live and,
having failed to get that by work, he
must turn to the question of ownership
of the things that are necessary to thie
production of wealth or starve to death.
Production is. being curtailed in every
country beeause of the breakdown of the
capitalistic system of production which
is carried on for profit. The financial
world is demoralized, and as finance is
the main artery of the system, demoralization must prevail in industry. There
will be no revival that can be permanent, and only the end of thc system will
allow for greater productiin. There are
lots of people in the world who have to
be fed who never produced anything but
trouble, their assistance in greater production and work will be most desirable
when the revival takes'placc under the
co-operative oommoliwealth.
THE financial position in France is
causing much concern, and it is suggested that a moratorium be established,
br a gentleman's agreement entered into
that payment will not be insisted upon.
The press has stated
THE DISEASE that during the peri-
AND ITS od   after   the   war,
SYMPTOMS when selling was
. good, and prices, owing to the demand and inflation of the
currency, were soaring, a commercial
parasite class took every advantage of
the situation and bought and sold and
conducted business with no assets. Banks
are on the verge of collapse and general
chaos reigns in business and limmoinl
circles. The market is depressed and
everyone is willing to sell but no one
will buy, and no one has any hope of
improvement. Having won the war,
France is very evidently tasting the
fruits of Victory. Whether the working
class of that country will bo satisfied
with the vintage gathered during the
harvest of the great war will remain to
be seen, but it is certain that the sufferings of tho workers will not be very
materially relieved now thi' "peace"
conditions have been restored.
* * *
While "legitimate" business is upset
by so-called illegitimate methods of carrying on trade, a study of all business
will demonstrate that the financial and
industrial enterprises under capitalism
are carried on without any assets, ex;
copt that which is provided by the class
in society that is enslaved. Business is
built on slave labor. It could not exist
without it. It is the basis of modern society. The means of wealth production
are owned and controlled by a ruling
class which has no other asset than the
title deeds to that which is necessary to
produce wealth, tho machinery of production, and by that ownership can exploit the workers. While the workers are
suffering because of their inability to
enjoy the wealth that they alone produce, their masters juggle with figures.
Thousands of unproductive workers are
daily employed in every city in adding
up figures4hat are.transferred from one
set of books to another, but the sum
total of wealth is not disturbed by this
process. All the wealth that exists, including the machinery for production,
has been produced by the working class.
By the efforts of that class, and it alone,
has tho work of the world been carried
on. It may be perfectly true that many
members of the ruling class carry on in
some capacity in productive effort, to
that extent they arc producers, but their
efforts are of no more value in the.greflt
social productive activities than are th$,
what appear to be the humble efforts,
of the man at the business end of a pick
and shovel.
* * *
Business is business under capitalism.
It is good business to -buy labor power
ttt its value, which is the cost of ^production. In other words the value of the
labor power of tho modern worker is determined by the amount of necessities of
life required to reproduce tho energy tjiat
he expends day by day in the production
of wealth. Supply and demand are contributing factors, and it may be that
under the most favorable ^circumstances
when the labor market is understocked,
an almost unheard of situation in these
days, the worker may receive in wages
a little more than necessary to reproduce
his labor power, but when the market is
overstocked, as it is today in all countries, then wage-cutting is indulged in
and the worker is compelled to lower
his standard of living. As commodities
are produced for a world's market,-.the
looal situation is not the deciding factor
in the standard of living of the wage
earners, and a splendid illustration of
this is provided by the attitude of the
employers of the Old Land, who, realiz.
ing that the workers in Germany have
been reduced to the lowest level of subsistence, are openly stating that wages
in the Old Country must \ be brought to
the level of those paid in Germany or
British gooda will be pushed out of the
market, and not only the foreign market,
but out of the British as well.
* * »
Capitalism is international. The financial situation in one country affects the
position of others, just as the position
of the workers of Germany affects the
position of thc toilers of Great. Britain,
and the coming financial crash in France
will still further upset "legitimate" business, and consequently make the position
of the world's workers more and more
precarious and the suffering of the pro.
dueing element in society more sefbre.
No repudiation of debts, no gentleman's
agreement will stave off the final crash of
the present system of society. Capitalism
has been developed to its apex. It cannot any longer feed its slaves and must
givo way to a new order. The present
system reached its culminating point
when the first shot was fired in the
Great War, and the last shot, instead
of having secured bourgeois democracy^
for the people of the earth, sounded th6
death knell of human slavery, and ^very
difficulty that the capitalistic world is
called on to faoe as the daya go by, and'
they become more numerous as they can-'
not be settled, only indicate the'disorganization of human society, ana are
carrying the human race that mu«li nearer freedom. Not, however, until "legiti-^
mate" business which is based on human
slavery is finally abolished, will the war
have been won. The war is over, bnffSa
final war continues, that is the class war
that must be fought out, and is daily
becoming more intense as the system disintegrates, and when the struggle is settled, war will cease, men will be' called"
upon to produce; destruction will give
place to ordered production, but not until, Capitalism is in its death agonies and
the situation in France is only another
symptom of the disease that is ravaging
human society, and the workers oan aid
in alleviating the suffering that must be
endured by all those who are the victims
of the present system, by attempting to
understand it, and by understanding
usher in the new era.
E OFF!
Another Policeman Says
He Knows of Mooney's
Innocence
With yet another police officer
coming: forward to testify on bohalf of Tom Mooney, one more
thread Is woven Into the tapestry
of truth that District Attorney
Fickert has done hie best to hide.
This officer, Richard W. Smith, has
made affidavit ln which he says he
saw Mooney and his wife on the
roof of the Eller building a few
minutes after the explosion on July
22, 1918. The Biler building is a
mile and a quarter from Market
and Steuart streets, where the disaster ooQurred, and Smith statei
unequivocally that Mooney oould
not have been on the Biler building when It was being cleared of
spectators just after the explosion
on Preparedness day and have had
anything to do with what happened
over a mile away.
Tom and Rena Mooney, It will
be remembered, testified at tho
trial that they were on the root of
the Bller building when the explosion took plaoe. District Attorney
Fickert, according to Smith's affidavit, knew that Smith oould testify to the truth of his claim, but
refused to use Smith aa a witness*.
The prosecution subponaed him
and he responded, but he was never
put on the stand.
Smith explains his silence In the
case up to this time by stating that
In June of 1917 he enlisted In the
United States army and was sent
overseas. He was honorably discharge^ ln July of 1910. "I came
home suffering from trenoh feet,"
he Bays, "and ever since have kept
myself more or less ln seclusion ln
an effort to reouperate. I now feel
fully recovered and am ready to
do whatever lies in my power to
secure justice for Tom Mooney.'
Smith's evidence was brought to
light by James A. Duncan, secre<
tary of the Seattle Central Labor
Council, and was published In full
in the Seattle Union Record.
Smith Is the second policeman to
help dispel the cloud under which
Mooney has been living. On Nov.
21, 1920, Draper Hand, San Francisco detective and a member of the
bomb squad, confessed to Mayor
Rolph that his testimony ln the
Mooney case was perjured. On
Feb. 8 last, John Macdonald, a
waiter, confessed in New York
that he assisted ln "framing"
Mooney at the behest of Dlstriot
Attorney Fickert.
I!
AT
w, ftt**
Transport Federation to
Hold International Meet
at Geneva
(By the Federated Preu)
i Amsterdam—At a meeting of
the executive committee ot the
International Transport Worker.'
Federation Juat held, the agenda
for the coimng international convention In Geneva of the transport
workera, as well as tor the speolal
conferences of the seamen, dock
workers and railroad men, have
been prepared. Two ot the main
Questions will be as to the best methods of lighting militarism and
war, and of effecting tho international socialization of transportation.
The committee deolded to admit
to membership the Irish Transport
Workers Union (10,000 members),
the Swiss Union of Railroad Men
(39,000), and the Danish Transport
Workers Union (3800). In approving the admission ot the Irish organisation, Robert Williams, of the'
English Transport Workers Federation, said that the English trade
unionists regarded Ireland as a
separate eountry and that, consequently, the admission of the Iri_h
union was no violation of national
unity of organization.
Alwayi look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases,
Found in Onr Mail Bag
******      ******
Growls from Gait LUss
Judging from the press reports of the
proceedings of the Farmers' oonvention
held in Vancouver this week, the agriculturists of this provinoe have not yet
realized their < position. Ono individual
who, in his capacity of civil official, in
welcoming the farmers, intimate?! ^hat
the men from the land were the backbone of tho country. The farmers evidently have the same opinion of themselves. It is the custom during elections
for politicians to speak of the horny-
handed sons of toil as the salt of the
earth. The farmers may consider that
the universe rests on their shoulders,
but if they took a good look at their
tools, and asked themselveB questions as
to where they came from, and how they
were produced, they may get a glimpse
of the real situation. Farmers do not
produco wheat. They do not produce
anything in its entirety. They, like the
eity workers, arc a cog in the machine
that produces wealth, and the sooner
they realize that their interests lie with
the working class, the sooner they wi\l
cease chattering and uttering nimiu-
mental stupidities.
There appears but little chance w'flifl
drugless healers being given anyjtfeUfei
at the present sitting of the proVihojaJ
houses. Men must continue to .gjo .to
gaol, or pay fines because there ar^ people who recognize that their efforts W
cure them of huamn ailments have been
effective. Thus once again do we find
how muoh democracy we have after a
war to end war and establish freedom,
has been fought and won, for the vested  interests.   Such  is  freedom  under
ON ST. RY. MEN
Albany Carmen Have Patient Public Behind
Them
(By the Federated Press)
Albany—'Thirty million dollars
has been raised by the United Traction Company to conduct its war
against the striking carmen ln the
Capitol District," Joseph S. Dragoon, president of the-Albany local
of the Amalgamated Association of
Street and Electrio Bailway Employees declares.
"Further," Dragoon said, "I want
to thank the very patient public for
the keen sympathy they have
shown our men. The traction company did not think when it.ordered the 26 per cent, cut in wages
that publlo sympathy would be with
us."
Dragoon pointed out that since
his men went on strike two weeks
before, not one had been arrested
for violence or unlawful picketing,
and declared that he and other officials of the union would not stand,
for any violence in the conduct of
the strike. Several attempts to
start lawful demonstrations against
the hundreds of strike-breakers
brought Into Albany and Troy by
the Traction Company were broken
up by the state police, who rode
their horses through the crowds In
the streets and on. the sidewalks,
The United Traction Company
has so far been unable to run any
street cars. Tho blizzard which
struck the northern part of New
York a few days ago, resulted In
sheeting the tracks wth Ice and
snow. Strike-breakers running
anow-shovel cars have only been
able to clear about one mile of
track.
P. L. P. NOTES
Sunday: Comrado Woodsworth
at the Columbia thoatre, 8 p.m.
Monday: Dr, W. J. Curry's class
on the "Evolution of Man," at the
F. L. P. hall, 8 p.m.
Tuesday: Membership business
meoting at F. L. P. hall. 8 p.m.
Thursday: Speakers' olass at 8
p.m.
Join the party. Membership |8
per year, payable monthly.
Premier Meighen evidently intends to
stay on the job. There are also rumors
of a coming bye-election in Vancouver.
Let 'er come, it will be welcomed by the
militant workers; They are waiting for
a tussles with the powers thaf be, even
if it be only over a ballot box.
Vancouver has two Harrys _
the citizens will bc called upon to choose
between them shortly—if a Gale does
not blow up.
By the way, what happened to Mary
Ellen this week!
Get Id and do your bit now I
Prom India
Amar Singh, of Sargodha, India,
has sent for The Federatlonist,
for the purpose of getting an Idea
of what this continent is doing in
the class war. India appears to be
creating a lot of trouble for the
British Empire these days, and the
Soviet Idea Is spreading all over
the country.
A POINT TO REMEMBER
Some merchants In town do not
think your custom Ib much nee to
thom, or thoy would advertise thoir
wares ln The Federatlonist to ee<
cure your trade. Rceinmber this
when you are about to make a purchase.
Unqualified condemnation of the
Hanna order foil.Id.ling employees
of the Canadian National Railways
to enter politics and equally forceful condemnation of the school cadet movement as calculated to fos-
y*r the mlllatrtst Bpirit were two of
the most outstanding resolutions
adopted by the United F**mers of
Manitoba this month.
Dear Mr. Editor:
Tou are out for a big Increase In
your circulation. Let me pass you
a "brain wave" that has struok
me In thla regard. As an added
feature, to attract the extra read-
era you are endeavoring to obtain,
why not commence to run a couple
of "Social and Porsonal" or Society
pages, similar to these departments
In our progressive dailies? Look
at the rush of people, well-known
In social and other spheres, there
would be each week, to search your
columns for their names "among
those noticed" or "among those
present." I am sure this must be
ono of the means employed by your
respected evening contemporary to
retain it's large circulation. There
must be at least four columns of
names published every night, and
doubtless every, person who thinks
her or his name is likely to be published, must buy a paper. Then
consider, they may not be among
"the guests Included" ln the copy
they buy, so perforce they buy a
copy of the next Issue. In this latter Instance, you aee two copies are
sold where one was sold before.
There are great possibilities In the
scheme, don't you think.
♦ ♦
The editorials ,ln  our   capitalist
dallies, In the minds of most progressive men, are rapidly becoming
synonymous with puerility, as very
rarely do they attain a standard
that can be termed anything else
but puerile, I suppose some people read them. For my own part,
I generally glance at the subject
head, and lf that Interests me,
sample the first, middle and last
sentence. Following my usual procedure this week, I took In an editorial ln one of the morning Issues,
temptingly labelled "Irish Fires
Fed from Without," According to
the writer thereof, the trouble tn
Ireland Ib nothing more than a Uttle show which Is kept going by a
bunch of middlemen (anti-work
demagogues he calls them), who
collect money from interested on
lookers In all parts of the English
speaking world; deduct so much
for themselves, and forward the
balance to Ireland to keep moving
the ever revolving "roundabout" of
outrage and counter-outrage. After
750 years of struggle for the right
to determine their own deatlny, 760
yeara of purgatory for the Irish as
a nation, with the atruggle still being carried on, we are told the
trouble ln Ireland Is a sordid combination of atheism, anarchy and
murder kept ln action by certain
"anti work demagogues" at so much
per cent, commission! Our worthy
editorial writer must have at Inst
heard that little old Belgium has
opened a relief fund for the beneflt
of the destitute and starving ln the
Green Isle, and that the State Federation of Labor ln Washington Is
supporting and assisting in the collection of $100,000, the State quota
to the American Relief Fund for
Ireland.
♦ ♦
We have now been told that the
British parliament backs Lloyd
George and Sir Hamar Greenwood
and their policy in Ireland. One
can now begin to see the cause of
the anxiety of Bromley and his railway engineers, and this anxiety
doubtless Ib spreading through the
labor ranks in England. By Its endorsement of the British policy In
Ireland, the House of Commons
has set the official seal of approval
on- the Black and Tan brutalities.
This Block and Tan method, (the
French term Is "louvainerle"—a
very suggestive expression, and
most damning by reason of lta derivation) this method of subjugating a recalcitrant people Is now a
British practice. Black and Tannery will form only too easily a
class weapon with which to persuade stubborn workers that the
dictates of their health require a
docile and obedient acceptance of
the wishes of their masters. This
weapon is now being tried and perfected on the dog, eh?
♦ ♦
I see an" Eastorn paper has dls-
covered a new use for "work." It
should be used as a cure for crime.
Of course, we always have a cer'
tain amount of the disease with us,
but the paper omits to mention
there Is a great scarcity of the oure,
But,' I suppose as our present economic system is the best of all systems, the paper In question does not
take into account any such contingency.   Yours ever,
,   GARR L. USS.
Vancouver, Feb. 23, 18921.
It Takes Long Experience to
Become an Expert in Diamond
Values
The Intrinsic worth of a Diamond ls not known by ninety
poople ont of a hundred.
It la not reasonable to expect that they should know—it'_
not their business nor tlieir life study.
So you see tha confidence and dependence  that  must
naturally be placod in the dealer.
His Integrity—his skill—plus fair prices are the things
that count.
We pride ourselves on a reputation for all of theso.
Synonymous terms—diamond and Wedding Gifts.
QMttUton
Hie House of Diamonds
480-486   Oranvllle   Street
At Oorner Fender
m&____m_\rimNkm^F__\
GET IN IHB FIGHT
When there Is a flght on the man
who gets In and digs Is the ono that
we like. Get In now and dig, by
patronising The Federationist advertisers.       	
Women's Meeting
'— leoturt will be delivered
MRS.
CORSE
in. the
OLD   OOUNTRY   TBA
BOOHS
641 Granville Street
Thursday,  Maroh 8,  at
8:30 p.m.
Subjeet:
Thfl Real Women's Fart
Everybody Invited
THE AMERICAN EMPIRE
By SOOTC NEARING
Band Book Store
7 East ISth St.        New Tork
PANTAGES
Vut Wetk
"SEPTEMBEB   MORN"
A New Musical Comedy
Otttir Big r»tum
EMPRESS
Phon. 8aym«_r 9.99
NEXT WEEK
Return of the Favorite
Comedy
'The High Cost
of Loving"
Labor and Socialist
literature
IN  At—  LANGUAGES
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Oor. Hastings and Columbia
/Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
HENRY DAHL, Prop.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
SM Abbott St.    Vancouve*
Phone Sey. 8877-B8J8
ORPHEUM
THEATRElfl
THE HOME OF GOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee .
.8:20
Bine np Phone Seymonr *VU
ter appointment
Dr. W, J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite S01 Dominion Bulldlnf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
DQOTARQIfL!
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FURNITURE, STOVES,
BEDS, Etc., at cost. Our stock
ls Big ,and so are our Bargains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Sold.
Love & Co.
AUCTIONEERS— DEALERS
Phone Seymour 2745
MO  SKTOOUR  STREET
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
233 KINGSWAT, VANCOUVER
Phone Fairmont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phone Sey. aal      Day or Night
NUNN AND THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
Ml Homer St. Vancouver, B. C.
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
FaiieraLe of Dignity at Tall
Prices
Fairvlew: Office and Chapel,
2398 Qranvllle Street
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 122 Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 184.
Mount Pleasant:   Offloe and
Chapel, 2123 Main St.
Phons Fairmont 61,
FIRST CHURCH OF I
CHRIST SCIENTIST I
1160 OMrgU Itrut
Sudsy eerrloet, 11 ».m. ut 7.80 am.
Snndly aehool lmm.ilUI.ly follow*.,
morals! utile* Wedneaday teitlm.nld
fiff-HS Jl _**\l .""* «»a4lng »«•.
•01.01   Blrki   BUS.
0. HOLDEN OIOAR STAND
18 Hastlngi St. E.
O. B. V. OABD
Patrontte Thoi. m. Istrwlss TmI
CONSULT NBW TELEPHONO DIRECTORY
DouiIh hu been eubatltuUd
for H-F la lh. now telephone dl*
re story whloh wiU go Into oa. oa
February ST. 8e.orel hundrad
numbers hav. .la. bus changed
from B-P to Seymour ud from
Seymour to Douglas.
It la lmper.Hr. thst yoa ooa<
ult th. new directory ao (hat yu
set th. right number whea mak'
Ing s telephone ull.
British Columbia Telephone
Oompany
THE
ONLY   vi..oti   MADE
GLOVE IN B. a
Wholesale—Retail
Bast Quality—Right Prioes
VANCOUVER GLOVE 00.
823 Carrall Street.
 Sey. 1350
BB SUBB 70V OBX
VAN BROS.
WH_Jf 700 ASK TOS
-CIDER-
and Non-alcoholic wines of iU
kinds
UNION   MEN 13   ATTENTION ______!____!_$_ _t
THIRTBHOTH TEAR.    Ho. T      THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATION]^       ViWCOOTm, B. Q
X-RAYS Locate Ills
—ai no—
~" Vancouver X-Ray
Institute
611 STAKVABD BANK BTHLMUfl
luehar of Diaglm Bullag
CLINIC
for tbe elimination ol non-wnttgioiu
cbronlo ailmenU br Natural Methodi.
Hours, 0 to 6 ovening* by appointment.
Vaneouvar X-Ray end Katnropathlo Initt-
tat*, «14 lUnderd Bank Building, Phont
Seymour 19TT. >
COAL
SAVE HONEY by using
Smaller Chrades of
Ooal
Stove $12.50 Ton
The demand (or this coal Is
proof of the quality.
This is the best HOUSEHOLD
OOAL ln Vancouver, bar
NONE.
McNeffl, Welch &
420 CAMBIE ST.
Phone Sey. 404-5-6
SLATER'S
Quality      Free Delivery
Fresh Meat Department
BUr SPECIALS
Pot Routs Iron, ptr lb.
...16o
Ovi'ii  Roaata (rom, per lb. —™.„„..17o
Boiling Beef from, par lb. _.._._,..™.....16e
gtaw Beof from, per lb. ..............20c
Rump Roaats, per lb. - _. -26c
T-Dono Roatti, per lb 32 l-2c
Sirloin Ronsti, per lb SOe
POBK SPBOIAL
Hare you bad' ona of our famons
Jork abouldera; thsy are excellent
or routing; they only wolgh from
4 to 9 pounds. Reg. prioe 35o lb.
Friday and Saturday, per lb 26 1-flc
Loin Pork Roasts, per lb _. 41
Shoulders of Lamb, per lb 23 1-1
CHOIOB MIDDLE CUTS OP PORK
On salo on Friday and Saturday,
onr oholce middle eats of pork, wolgh*
lag from 2 to 8 pounds. Reg, 40c,
Friday and Saturday, per lh 34 l-8c
Roast Beef Dripping, per lb 25c
Beof Dripping, 5 lbs. for — ...*1.00
A rBW OF OUB GROCERY
SPECIALS
Fineat Tomatoes, per tin ....   17 l-8e
Quaker Corn, per tin ..........—ITl-2o
Finest Peas, nor tlm 171-20
Sardines, I tins for  —25e
Pork and Beans, 3 tins for ........23c
Sugar, per lb - 12 l-2o
B. O. Milk, 2 tins for  fiBc
Tomato Soup, 2 tins for 26c
Bird'a Cu«tard  »..15o
Tumblers Mixed Pickles,  3  for....35o
Rollfld Oats, S lbs, for „ 2M
Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sack  860
Malkln'a Panoako Flour, largo pack*
ago for  36o
Libby's Olirei, 2 for  - 88*
Small White Beau, 4 lbs. for ....26c
Finest Small Green Poas, 4 lbs 28c
Aunt Dinah Molasses, largo tina....B6c
Shelled Walnuts, per lb 321-20
Deelcoatod Cocoannt, por lb 28c
Provision Department
1XTBA SPECIAL
Slater's Special Sugar Cured Bacon, ln
fcalf or whole slabs, without • doubt the
•heapoit  and  best  bacon  In  tho  oity;
Sag. 48 1*20 psr lb.    Friday and Satur-
ay, per lb.  m 86 l-2o
BUZTBBI BUTTEBI1 BUTTER1II
Alberta   Creamery   Bntter,   special
on Saturday, per lb. -  -*4o
Oar finest Alberta Dreamery Butter;
reg. 8 lbs. for |1.95.   Special, 8 lbi.
fof .  - ~  »**M
LARDI      LABDII      IABDIII
Guaranteed Pure Lard on sale on Vrl
day  and np to  11   a.m.   on   Saturday
morning,    Reg. 300 lb., special, lb 20c
REDUCTIONS   XK   SLICED   BACON
45c Sliced Bacon now*.'..- 400
50c Sliced Bacon now .
65e Sliced Bacon now —  SOe
00c Sliced Bacon now  «—66c
85o Sliced Bacon now  60c
PICNIC HAMS
On Bale on Friday and Saturday; reg,
prloo 82« lb.   Speolal, per lb. 28 l*2o
SPECIAL
Kucoa Oleomargine now, per lb...36c
Finest Dairy Butter/now, per lb...45c
SPUDSI SPUDS I SPUDS I
Fine dry mealy spuds only  $1.36
Tho very best Spuds only  fl.60
SLICED HAMS
Slater's Finest Sliced Boneless Ham
(real ham). Beg. 65c lb. Speolal,
Jler  lb   ~ Wfo
SaH, rog. 2 for 26o.   Special, 8 for ....26c
Nabob Custard Powder, 2 for  25c
Slater's Good Tea, per lb 45c
Slater's Good Coffee, per lb |Bc
Nabob Tea, per lb ~. 66c
Toronto   Sauce, per bottle  25c
FOUR   BIG   STORES
123 Hastings St. E. Phone Sey. 3202
1101 (Irmiville St. (cor. Davie) Soy. 6140
b:io Oranvllle Street. Phone Sey. 8(1(1
3260 Main Street.   Phone Fairmont 1683
GOODS DELIVERED PRACTICALLY TO
1     ALL PARTS FREE OF OHARGE
\*J&~
■r_____-T
_
nmuoNRT
An Open Letter
Editor B. C. Federation ist: WIU
you pleue publish the undersigned
letter ln The Federatlonist:
Mr. Mldgley: By reading the Q.
B. U. Bulletin, I saw a letter on behalf of the general executive boat'd
ln regard-to the L. W. I. U. They
say that their action Is undigested
Syndicalist propaganda, also they
state that they have received large
numbers of communications from
different camps in the coast district. Now lt ls timo that the general executive board got down to
buslneas,' and let the workers know
the truth, In the first place, there
are not a large number of camps
running ln the coast district; in
fact 90 per cent, of the camps are
closed down, so that ls all bunk.
Even if they aay I am wrong, I
will ask them to publish the names
of thc said camps, so we, the rank
and file, can know the truth. In the
second place, tf the membership
wants Industrial unionism, lt ll for
them to have lti and I myself believe It Is the only kind for the
workers. In regard to it being undigested Syndicalist propaganda, lt
might be for the master class, because lt has beon proven that they
do not like it; therefore. It must
be good for the workers.. Then
again, in regard to the L. W. I. U.
going to the wall—lt wilt if they
allow the taotlos to oonttnue as,
you have been trying to use tt to
cause a friction In the rank and flle
of the L. W. I. U. Now, X uk the
general executive boat'd te publish
the reason they lsssue the Port Arthur convention referendum ballots the way they did, with the L.
W. I, U.; also I would like for
them to explain the reason for
writing to different districts in regard to paying their per* capita,
Yes, some dlstrlots you would put
In good standing by paying one
month back per capita, and others,
lt was different altogether. Is that
the way to build up the One Big
Union? If It la your opinion, it ts a
bad one. Then again, you spoke
of our fellow workers that are in
Jail, They will aoon be out We
are glad to know that our fellow
workers will be back 'amongst us
again, so we can get down to busl*
ness ln a pi'oper manner and rebuild the structures of the organization which seem to have gone to
Pieces while they were In Jail.
Toura for Industrial freedom,
A. C. ROGERS,
Card No. 71016, K. R. II,
On Evolution
Editor B. G. Federatlonist: I
read wtth much pleasure your re
port of W. J. Currle's lecture on
evolution, as the first step ln educating the masses Into the mysteries of social evolution. Tou say in
your report that he contrasted the
two stories of creation, the one
given tn Genesis whloh ls shown to
be childish, and the one.worked out
by the scientific minds of the age.
Would you allow me to interpret
the childish one given ln the BibleII
with the light thrown on tt by theft
latest discoveries in aclenoe, I
think lt ls still agee ahead of the
most advanced minds.
The Bible starts its story of the
material creation tn the flrat verse
of the first chapter and ends It tn
the third verse of the aecond chapter. Any fair-minded person who
has read this chapter ahould recognize in the Qod spoken of ln thla
chapter, nature or life. The story
shows life working through the
electron, the atom, the molecule,
the cell, until it finishes ita work
ln the croatton of man, another
unit through which lt worka in a
further creation explained In the
succeeding chapters. In the atory
man ls represented aa being
created In the image and Itkeneaa
of Ufe, therefore life will actually
possess all the attributes which
man apparently possesses, The division of man into body and soul
and mind or spirit are aetual divisions of life. The apparent
forcea of man's body, mind and
soul are the actual forces of the
body, mind and soul of Ufa. The
scientists know the forcea of matter to be gravity and heat, opposing which produce all energy. The
forcea of mind the scientists don't
know, but they are direction and
control. These two combined produce government. The union of
the mind forces, with the body
forces, gravity and heat, produce
the soul forcea, motion and form.
These forcea the scientist will
recognlie In the vibratory theory
of creation. Motion and form, the
soul forces, are only ln existence
so long aa the body forcea and the
mind forcea are united ln one body.
The forces of gravity and heat,
direction and control, motion and
form, exist permanently ln a body
so small that tt may be said to
saturate the whole universe into
one complote body mind and soul.
This body, mind and soul ia the
Qod of the flrst chapter of Genesis,
is the Ufe whloh creates all things,
and is In all created things. The
Bible story of creation starts with
the assertion that Ood created the
heaven and the earth. Heaven is
the plane on which Ufe exists In
a permanent body, where the lawa
of life are placed and their execution carried out. The earth waa a
body of matter generated by the
forcea of life working through the
electron and the atom, from lta own
body. In the flrat place lt was
two bodies, one containing the
forcos of mind, the other containing the forces of matter. Theae
bodies formed a contact, or, in the
words of the text, "The spirit was
on the face of the waters," This
contact produced a sun, or, in the
words of the text, "Life said let
there be light and there waa light."
This light was a sun. The lecturer
claims the planets were whirled
from the body of the sun, like mud
from a wagoV wheel. The Bible's
account shows life working from
the inside always, by an Intelligent
government of the forces of gravity
and heat In the produotlon of the
gases into minerals and waters to
form the body of the earth and Its
atmosphere. It shows Ufe gathering the particles of matter together
tn their proper places. Just as the
particles of matter inside the egg
shell are gathered together by the
forceB of Ufe into the living body
of a chicken. The mother hen or
the lamp in the incubator acting in
tlie same cacpacity as the blazing
outer rim of fire called   the   sun
does in relation to the particles
forming the earth's body. The
second period of time forming the
earth's second day was taken up
in forming two divisions of water,
one completely aurroundlng the
earth some distance outside our atmosphere as a shield from the intense heat of the sun. Inside thia
rim the gases were formed Into the
various minerals which form the
earth and the minerals forced by
the intelligent use of heat and cold
into their proper places in the
earth's body. The whole eecond
period was taken up with thla
work. The third period aaw the
shaping of the earth's aurface into
hill and hollow and the gathering
of the watera into the hollows.
And the soil to appear tn thla
period the flrat cell of vegetation la
created by life through which tt
worked to produce the wonderful
vegetation from whloh our ooal
fields, our gaa and oil wells were
formed. The climate waa atlll too
hot and the gassea atlll too atrong
for animal life, but waa Juat right
for an abundance of vegetable Ufe,
In the fourth period of time Ufe
formed a new aun and new planeta.
Our preaent aun and outer planeta,
The Inner planeta revolving around
the old aun muat have been forced
by the intense heat of the new
sun Into the old aun, whloh die-
solved them Into thetr original
elements. During thla apparent
cataclysm our coal flelda and our
oil and taa wella were formed,
from the abundant vegetation of
the third day. The fifth period of
time aaw the formation of immense birda and flahea br Ufe
working through the cell of animal life. Thla animal life covered
the whole earth, all the earth being of the same temperature, and
that temperature being very hot,
too warm for the warmer blooded
mammals, The sixth period of
time aaw life working through the
cell of animal life, creating the
colder blooded reptiles and the
warmer blooded mammala In their
order until man was reaohed where
life la represented aa speaking to
itself In ita varloua planes of crea*
Ulon the cell, the molecule, the
atom, and the electron. Let ua create man In our image and our like
ness, another unit on another plane
of creation. And Ufe formed man
male and female In hia own
Image, after hla owa likeness
formed he them. And he pronounced them very good. And Ufe
rested ln the seventh period of
time from all hla worka of creation.
All speolea were fixed and evolution
on all plane* except the plane of
man had permanently stopped. By
thta Ume the rim of flre aurroundlng our earth had vanished leaving
what the astronomers oaU a dead)
sun revolving around our preaent
sun. The rim of water above the
atmosphere was still in place but
at some period In the world's history thia rim condensed Into rain
or the centre of gravity shifted to
the centre of the earth and the
water fell upon the earth causing
a flood and leaving the earth to be'
warmed from the sun, the poles not'
being exposed to the direot rays of
the sun because very cold and all
animal Ufe of the warmer-blooded
species became extinct After the
flood the rainbow became visible]
on the earth because, before the
flood, Ught being of the eame Intensity from any direction did not'
reflect its colors upon the watera.
This la the Bible's complete history
of creation to date.
If the reader will turn to the Bible tn the second chapter, fourth
verse, he wtll find a change ln the
name of the creator. The Lord God
—or the mind of spirit life. This Is,
lf our teachings are correct the Bible itself, and Its creations have all
beea done through the mind and
body of man male and female created by the Ood of the flrat chapter. Adam te the aoul or syatem of
aoclety produced by a thorough
cultivation of the human mind-*
the ground from whloh aay social
ayetem la formed—la the lawa and
rules of life,
I would advise your readers not
to throw away their Bibles becauae
their teaohera, through a false summing up of the dleooverles of the
aolenttata, discredit lta story ot creation.
ALEX CAMERON.
BERLIN POLICE OHHF
IS DISMISSED
Causod Oa* Between Police aad
OiTiUaM Whioh Reeulted ia
Many Deaths
Berlin — Major von Plueakow,
head of the aeourlty police In Flena:
burg, haa been dismissed from the
service beoause of the part he play*
ed tn causing the olash between the
police and a orowd of Communists
on the night of Jan. 4, whloh resulted Jn the death of 11 civilians,
one of them a woman, and the I
wounding of more than a score of
others.
Agalnat the advice ot experienced
civilian officials, von Plueakow had
caused the arrest oa Deo. II of
Hoffman, a Communist leader, on
the strength of a report made by a
apy. Hoffman wae ahot early the
next morning ln the courtyard of
the polios barracks, allegedly while
attempting to escape. When 800
or 400 young Communists attempted to storm the barracks on the
night of Ute dead leader's funeral,
they were met with rifle flre, with
the result mentioned above.
Rumors that .a general eleotlon.
will be held ln Britain shortly are
in the air. Canada may follow]
suit.   Get your forces ready.
The Mexican Constitution
ARTICLE IT
.By Athur Thomson)
Ever slue* th* Constitution et
1817 wu adopted hy Itexloo, certain financial and Industrial inter.
tsti of the United SUtei, England
and' other Interested ooutrlei have
continually bombarded lt with mental explosive!. Article 87 ln particular has eome ln for a tremendous
onslaught. And of late certain of
'the oil interests, together with
press agents ot flnanclal interests,
hav* been fllling certain periodicals
and newapapeife with misrepresenting propaganda "exposing" the
"confiscatory" Constitution ot 1,17,
particularly Article il.
Article 27 establishes the principle of naturalisation. Mineral a and
mineral deposits, land and natural
resources, come under this heading, "The ownership ot lands and
waters comprised within the limits
of th* national territory Is vested
originally in th* nation, . , ,
Th* nation shall hav* at all times
| the light to impost oa private property sueh limitations as th* publlo
interest may demand, as well as th*
right to regulate'th* development
of national resouroes, whloh are.
euaoeptlble ol appropriation. .
In th* nation I* vested direot ownership of all minerals or substances
whloh In veins, layers, masses or
beds constttut* deposits whose nature Is different from th* components of the land. ... In the nation ll likewise vested th* ownership of the waters.   .  .   ."
Artlol* 27 provide* for th* legal
acquiring of landa and waters whloh
Is governed br th* following provisions:
"1. Only Mexican, by birth or
naturalisation and Mftxtean companies have the right to acquire ownership In lands, eto. . . . The nation may grant th* same right to
foreigners provided they agree before the department of Foreign Affairs to be considered Mexicans in
respect to such property and according not to invoke th* protection ot their governments In respect to same, under penalty, In case
|_if breach, of forfeitures to the nation of property so acquired,
"2. The religious Institutions
known a* churches, irrespective of
creed, shall ln no oaae have legal
capacity to aooulr*. hold or administer real property or loan, made
on auch property. , , . Places
of publlo worship an th* property
of th* nation.
V "2. Publlo and prtvat* oharlt-
able Institutions for the sick and
needy, tor solontiflo researoh, or for
the diffusion of knowledge, mutual
laid societies or organisations formed for any other lawful purpose,
shall ln no case acquire, hold or
administer loans made oa real property, unless th* mortgage terms
do not exceed ten years.
"4, Commercial stook companies shall not aequlre, hold or administer rural properties.
"5. Banks duly organized under
the laws governing institutions of
oredit may make mortgage loans
on rural and urban property ln accordance with the provisions of the
sand laws, but they may not own
nor administer more real property
than that absolutely necessary for
their direot purposes,
"All contraot. and concessions
made by former governments from
and after the year 1871, which shall
hav* resulted In the monopoly of
lands, waters and natural resources
of the nation by a single individual or corporation, ore declared
subject to revision, and the executive ls autholrfsed to declare those
null and void which seriously prejudice the public Interest."
It ts not necessary to study this
article long to discover the reason
why the imperialists of the United
States, England and Europe have
declared war on lt. It Is not per-
feot; no intelligent Mexican would
elalm perfection for the Constitution—they leave that idolizing of
Constitutions tor th* super-patriots
north ot th* Rio Grande. But lt
has certainly drawn th* tire ot the
oily Johns, th* financial pirates and
th* Industrial exploiters, who hav*
kept th* preu flooded with misrepresenting propaganda for four
years, because this article threatened their profits, "If we allow
those Mexicans to put this confiscatory article Into effect," reasons
th* Imperialists, "It will endanger
civilisation In th* Western Hemisphere"—whieh mean, the order of
social and economlo exploitation,
whloh gives him his wealth, though
he daren't tell you that.
ASSESSED TO HELP
BUTTE LABOB DAILY
40,000 Unionists Are to Be Asked
for .5 Cents Each to Help
Butte Bulletin
Oreat Falls, Mont.—Delegates ln
attendance at the annual convention of the Montana State Federation of Labor unanimously adopted a resolution assessing each of
th* more than 40,000 members ot
tht Federation ln Montana 25c for
th* support of the State Dally Bulletin, th* organlzatitn'a official organ.
Resolutions demanding immediate resumption of trade with Russia ea the only means of solving
tne unemployment question in the
United States and recognition of
the Irish republic also were adopted,
A POINT TO REMEMBER
Some merchant* In town do not
think your custom I* much us* to
'them, or they would advertise their
wore* In Th* Federatlonist to secure yonr trade. Roemmber this
when you are about to make a purchase.
Shirt and Overall
Specials
\
0
"~"    SOPT  AND. STtpP-CUFF  SHIBTS
Sizes 14 to 18y2
Pricos up to $4.00 for '. ~tM0
Prices up to $5.00 for . .f8.60
Prices up to $6.50 for _  *4M
381-3 Per Cent. Off All Work Glove* and Gauntlet,
CABHARTT'S UNION OVERALLS, g»nnentf **\M
i
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
t;~;:      Men's and Boys'Clothiers       j
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.       623 GRANVILLE ST.
Highly Privileged
(By Anise, Federated Pres* Staff
writer)
"If you should'go to Russia,"
Said Lincoln Steffens,
"I wouldn't advise you
To say you ar* a Communlstl
Beeause the DANGER Is
They might BELIEVE you I"
"But what's the harm ln that? '
Don't all the papers say
The Communists
Are a highly privileged class
In Russia?"
"Tes, they are privileged,"
Said Steffens, with a smile,
"They get better food
Than other people get.
They are not used
In ordinary battles,
Except for a few
Who lead the front ranks
And go lti ahead
To DIE FIRST!
But mostly
They are reserved
For SPECIAL tasks
For they are the maker,
Ot the Revolution,
The Dictators ot Russlal
And so
THET do the work
That NO ONE ELSE wtll dol
They clean up the refuse
That no on* else will touehl
They go Into cities
Stricken with/PESTILENCE
And gather up th* dead,
Rotten with disease,
That men cannot handle
And LIVE1
They go Into factories
In the far north
And work ther*
Until they hav* taught
The slow-moving Russian,
HOW to WORKI
They organise Sunday plonlo*
For communal labor.
They ore assigned
To all posts of DANGER
And special TOIL!
There were 100,000 of thtm.
But MOST of the first lot
Who MADE the Revolution
Are DEAD now;
And most of the second 1*1
Are dead also.
But a third and a fourth
And a fifth group keep coming
From the young men ot Russia.
THET
Are the DICTATORS!
Highly privileged
To DIE FIRST
For the Revolution!
GET Uf THB FIGHT
When there Is a fight on tbe maa
who gets In and dig* I* tbe ou Oal
we like. Get in now and dig, If
patronising The Federationist advertisers.
And Financial Security
We need it in our figlit for the working class
How much are you interested in that fight?
DURING the last two years the cost of production has
gone up 75 per cent In addition to that all the active
reactionary forces have waged a fight against the
Federationist because of its clear-cut and uncompromising
policy.      N -  - —
Advertisers Withdraw
Advertisers have withdrawn their support, while admitting the efficiency of the paper as an advertising medium.
Some of them have stated openly that unless the policy of the
• ' paper was changed they would be compelled to withdraw
their patronage. A glance at our advertising columns will
disclose just how far this opposition has gone.
No Change in Policy
The directors have faced the difficulties that have had to
be surmounted with a determination not to be dictated to by
advertisers. Feeling that unaided they could not wage the
fight that must be faced if the paper is to give the same
service as in the past, a number of workers who have shown
interest in the working-class movement, representing all
kinds of organized labor, were invited to a meeting to discuss the situation. It was decided.'unanimously that the
workers of the province and country should be appealed to
and their aid solicited.
Need for Ready Cash
With restricted finances the highest prices have to be paid
for supplies owing to the fact that they must be bought in
small quantities. With ready cash this difficulty can be overcome and some saving effected. With the aid of the workers
the directors will be able to carry on and overcome the difficulties that face them. But if the fight is to be won it can
only be won by the working class and not by a few individuals.
And an Increased Circulation for the .
Federationist by May Day
Will Continue Fight
The Federationist will continue to fight as it has in the
past for the workers, irrespective bf their affiliations. When
the workers are struggling against their employers it is with
them on all occasions and without respect to craft, race or
creed. But it can only continue as long as the finances are
available.
Labor versus Capital
When the line up is labor vs. capital, it can hardly be expected that the enemy will contribute the sinews of war.
The fight is therefore one that the workers must assume.
This responsibility has been recognized by a large committee
which will work in the city of Vancouver with the object of
securing the amount mentioned above. Other parts will also
be asked to add their quota in the fight and labor in all parts
will be asked to join in. We need the money. We need more
readers.
Close May Day
May Day is International Labor Day.
That day has been set aside for the conclusion of the campaign. Five thousand dollars and five thousand new subscribers by May Day. Official receipts will be sent to any
officer or responsible member of the working class for distribution. Let us know what you can do and intend doing
and the necessary supplies will be forwarded.
More Subscribers Needed
The Federationist has the largest circulation of any Labor
paper in Canada. Only two dailies in British Columbia exceed its circulation. As an advertising medium it has no
equal when the workers are to be reached. But there are
many workers who do not subscribe. This can be remedied.
Why not help in placing the Federationist in the premier
position regarding circulation?
Will You Help?
Will you assist in aiding the Federationist to be in an independent position by May Day? Our fight is your concern.
You can aid us and we will assist you, but you must do your
bit and do it now.
WILL YOU ONCE AGAIN PROVE THAT YOU HAVE THE FIGHTING  SPIRIT?
Send As Much As You Can and As Often As You Can BEFORE MAY DAY
Let the Slogan be: "Put the Federationist on Easy Street" TAGE SIX
miRTEBNiw tear, no. 7   THE BRITISH COLIjf jtfBJA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. a
...February ,6, lHt
CalVan
The   Popular   Pioneer
Market
Typical Saturday Specials
Stall 1—Oven Roasts,
lb 22o
Stalls 2 and 3—Fresh
Pickling Hams, lb...28c
Stalls 4 and 6—Prime
Bibs Beef, lb SOc
Stall   6—Pure   Lard,
lb 25c
BtaU 7—Sirloin Steak,
lb 30o
Stall 8—Ling Cod, fresh,
lb 25c
Stalls 9 and 26—Oranges,
per dozen, from 17c
Stalls 10 and 11—Prime
Roast Pork, lb 80c
Stalls 12 and 23—Ayrshire Bacon, lb BOc
Stalls 14 and 21—Choice
Alberta Creamery, per
lb 58o
Stalls 16 and 19—Sliced
Pineapple,   large   tins,
for  25c
Stalls 17 and 18-Loaf
Cakes:  Fruit,  Walnut
or Seed, each  25c
Stalls 24 and 25—Prime
Roast of Lamb, lb...28o
Stalls 28 and 29—Fresh
Cod, 2 lbs 25c
Stalls 30-33—B. C. Suga.r
5 lbs. 60c
Stalls 34 and 85—Mixed
Toffee, lb .35o
Stall 86—We specialize in
Eggs and Butter at
lowest prices.
Kirkham'.   Groceteria on
Balcony
lowest Prices In Olty
Save Money Here
All Oars Pass Oal Van
Opposite Pantages
"Left Wing" Communism
******    ****** 'tig. ******    ******
An   Infantile   Disorder
know this well, beeaui*, In oar <
Kit
hiUon.'
mtry, Msreiim wm psrtlonlsriy inqaintly "Ib
(Note by Editor—The question of affiliation with tho Third or Moscow
International, is being discussed in Socialist circles throughout the
world. The terms of affiliation hav* caused more than one split in Socialist parties. In view of those facts, and that Lenin is no doubt aware
of all that these terms imply, and that he is a master of working-class
tactics, we feel that a perusal of the latest work of the head of the Soviet regime ln Russia, "Lett Communism, An Infantile Disorder," wilt be
of great assistance to our readers in arriving at definite conclusions as
to the programme of the Third International. We, therefore, intend
to publish in serial form the work referred to, and publish the second
instalment this week. This work wus published in the Old Land by the
British Communist Party.)
[By Nikolai-Lenin]
(Continued from last week)
'Left" Communism in Oermany:   Leaders-Farty-Claases the
Seattle.—Not all the loggers are
accepting wage outs. When the
McCormlck Lumber Co. announced
ft wage out of f 1 pet' day at McCormlck, the entire woods crew
walked out. It was the second
reduction made since January 1,
when a 25 per cent, decrease was
announced, With the second slash
wages would be but $2.60 a day
for common labor.
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AMD LABOR
COUNCIL—Preaident, J. M. Cluko;
TiM-preildent, R. W. Hstley; aecreUry
J O. Smith; treuirer, A. 8. Well*;
awyitnt-at-srai, E. Horse; truitees,
Oatt, Vtnnbiu, SloTerwrlght snd Midgley. HeeU Brd Wedneiday eaeh month
in the Ponder Hill, comer of Fondtr snd
Howe itreeta. Pbone Sey. 291.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUH-
dl—M*au seeond Monday In tk*
Month. Preildent, J. V. McConnell; mo-
ftUrj, R. H. Hoelsnd*. P. O. Bos 66.
MNERaL WORKERS' UNIT OP THE
O. B. U.—Preildent, E. Andre; aeeretary, W. Servioe. Meeta Snd and 4th
Wednesday ln etch month in Pender HaU,
tor. of Pender and Howe atroet*.   Phone
Bey.  881.	
faoTEL 155 RESTAURANT ZH-
ployee*, Looal 28—MeaU ovary aecond
Wedneaday In the month st 2:80 p.m.
•nd ovory fonrth Wedneiday in the month
•t 8:80 p.m. Preildent, John Cumming*,
Secret- -y and builneia agent, A. Oraham.
Offee snd meeting hall, 441 Seymour St.
fr. Phone Sey. 1881. OBce houn, 8
AM, to 0 p.M.	
International   longshoremen's
Allocation, Local 88-62—Offlee and
hall 152 Cordovs St. W. Meeta flnt
Ud third Frldaya, 8 p.m. Seoretary-
treasurer, T. Chapman;   bottom   agent,
B. Bleharda.  _
htrkRNATIONAL    JEWELRY    WORK-
era1  Union—Meet* 2nd and 4th Mon-
Jiyi. Pnildont, J. E. Dswion, 1646 Tew
L KlUtlano; Meretary, E. T. Kolly,
1860 Hutlngi St. E.; recording iecretary,
L. Holdsworth, 639—14th St. W., North
Vsncouver.
LUMBER, CAMP * AGRICULTURAL
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. 0.—
An Induitrlal anion of sll workeri in logging and construction camps. Coait District snd Oeneral Headquarters, 01 Cordova St. W., Vancouver. B. C. Phone Sey.
fl56.     E.    Winch,    general    aecntary-
Beainrer; legal advisers, Meun. Bird,
acdonald k Co., Vanoouver, B. C.; audi-
ten, Meun, ButUr ft Chiene, Venturer, B. 0.
Pattern   makers'   league   oi
North America (Vanoouver and vicinity) — Braneh meet* seoond and fourth
Mondays, 819 Pender St. W. Preildent,
Wm. Hunter, 318 Tenth Ave., North Van-
sourer; flnanolal seoretary, _, Qoddard,
169 Richards Street; recording secretary,
J. D. Ruisell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0.,
Burnaby, B. 0.
0. B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Dorrickmen and Riggori
Sf Vancouver and vicinity. Mevti every
Monday, 8 p.m., In 0. B. U. Hall, 804
Pender St. W. Preildent, A. Brook*;
flnanclal aeeretary and bualneii agent, W.
Tucker.   Phone,  Seym<
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNI U.N Ro. 220—
Meeta laat Bunday ot eaeh month at
fl p.m. Preaident, A. E. Robb; vice*
pmldent, 0. H. Collier; eecreUry-treaa-
Sror. R. H. Neelandi. Box 66.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employee*, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—MeeU A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Pleaaan
lit and Srd Mondayi at 10.15 a.m. and /
p.m. Preaident, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarko
Drive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
447—6th Avenuo East; treaaurer, E. S.
Cleveland; financial- socrt.1 ary and business agont, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dnm-
Srlea Street; offlce corner Prior and Main
Its.   Phono Fair 8804R.
Journeymen tailors*  union of
America, Local No. 178—Meeting! held
flnt Monday In eaoh month, 8 p.m, President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-preiident, D.
Lawson; recording socretary, 0. Mc*
Donald, P. 0. Box 608; flnanclal secre*
tary, T. Tompleton, P, 0. Box 608.
ITHE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
of the 0. B. V. meets on tho flrst and,
third Wednesday of every month. All
members la thla district sre' invited to
■ttend.
Provincial Unions
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
snd Labor Council— M..t.ts flrst snd
third Wodnesday*, KnlgbU of Pythias
Ball, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Preildent, A. 0. Pike; vlco-preildent, 0. B.
Copeland; iecretary-treaiurer, E. S.
Woodward, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B.C.
PRINCE BUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LA-
bor Council—lice ti second nnd fourtk'
Tuesdays of eaoh month, In Carpenten'
Hall.    President, S. D. McDonald; vice*
Sresident, A. Kills; seoretary, Geo. Wad
ell.  Box  278,  Prince Rupert,  B. 0.
METALLIFEROUS MINERS' DISTRICT
BOARD, PRINCE RUPERT 0. B. U.—
leeretsry* treasurer, N. Booth, Box 21T,
frince Rupert. .
#ISHERIIS     DISTRICT    BOARD,
PRINCE   RUPERT   0.   B.   U.—Secre-
tarytreaiunr, N. Booth, Box 217, Prince
Bupert.
Fringe rupert  central  labor
COUNCIL, 0. B. U,—Meets evory Tuesday In the Molntyr* Hall at 8 p.m. Meet-
lugi opeu to all 0. B. U. members. Score dry-treaiurer, N. Booth, Box 217
Princo Rupert, B. 0,
THE German Communists, of whom we shall not speak, call themselves not "left," but, If I am not mistaken, the "opposition on
principle."   That they fully come under the symptoms of the "infantile disorder of leftness" will be seen from what follows.
A small pamphlet headed, "The Split In the Communist Party of Germany" (the Spartacist Union) Issued by "the local groups In Frankfurt-
am-Malne," sets forth pointedly, concisely, clearly and briefly the substance of the views of the opposition. A few Quotations will suffice
to acquaint the reader with the essential points:
"The Communist Party is a party of the most decisive class struggle
"Politically, this transition period (between capitalism and Socialism)
is the period of the proletarian dictatorship.   .   ."
"The question arises: Who should be the wlelder of this dictatorship; tlie Communist Party or the proletarian class.   .   ,   ,?"
"On principle, should we strive towards the dictatorship of the Communist Party or the dictatorship of the proletariat? t !" (Italics In the
original.)
Further, the B. C. of the Communist Party of Germany Is aooused by
the author of the pamphlet of seeking a way to a coalition with the
Independent Socialist Party of Germany; that "the question of accepting, as a matter of principle all political means of struggle" Including
parliamentarianism, has been put to the forefront by the B. C. only for
the purpose of concealing its main and real Intention, coalition with
the Independents.   And the pamphlet goes on;    -
"The Opposition has selected a different road. It Is of the opinion
that the question of the supremacy of the Communist Party and of Its
dictatorship is only a question of tactics. At any rate, the supremacy
of the Communist Party is the last form of any party supremacy. On
principle, we must strive towards the dictatorship of the proletariat,
and all the party measures, its organization, methods of struggle, its
strategy and tactics must be planned to flt accordingly. . Therefore,
every compromise with other parties must be rejected. There must
be no turning back to the already outworn historical and political forms
of the parliamentary struggle, no policy of manoeuvring and temporizing." "The specifically proletarian methods of the revolutionary
struggle must be strongly emphasized. In order to embrace the greatest mass of the proletariat which Is to carry on the revolutionary
flght under the leadership of the Communist Party, there must be
created new forms of organization upon the broadest foundations and
within the widest limits. The gathering place for all revolutionary
elements Is the Workers' Union, formed on the basis of the shop committee. Here all the workers who followed-the slogan of "Leave the
trade unions" must gather and unite; here the militant proletariat
draws itself up ln the thickest ranks. The acceptance of the class
struggle, the Soviet system and the dictatorship, ls sufflclent for admittance. All further political training of the struggling masses, and
the political orientation of the struggle, Is the task of the Communist
Party, standing outside the Workers' Union.    .   ,   ."
"Two Communist parties are consequently arrayed, one against the
other. One party of the leaders, a party which strives to organise
the revolutionary struggle and direct lt from above, resorting to compromises and parliamentarism ln order to create a situation which
would enable lt to enter a coalition government, In whose hands should
rest the dictatorship. The other, a mass party which relies upon thc
Impetus of the revolutionary struggle from below, conscious of and
applying but one method ln the flght, that method leading clearly to
the goal; rejecting all parliamentary and opportunist procedure. Unconditional overthrow of the bourgeoisie, In order to establish the
proletarian class dictatorship for the realization of Socialism, that Ib
the only possible method.   ,   ,   ."
"There the dictatorship of the leaders, here, the dictatorship of the
mass—such is our slogan."
These are the essential points characterising the views of the Opposition In the German Communist Party,
Any Bolshevik who has consciously participated ln, or watched closely, the developments of his party since 1208 will at once say, after
reading these arguments, "What old and well-known rubbish! What
'left' childishness!"
But let us look at these arguments a little more closely. The very
question, "Dictatorship of the party or dictatorship of the class, dictatorship of the leaders or dictatorship of the masses" bears witness to
an amazing and hopeless confusion of mind. People bend every effort
to elaborate something extraordinary, and in their zeal to be Intellectual
they become ridiculous. It Is common knowledge that the masses are
divided into classes; that to contrast masses with classes Is only possible
when we contrast the largest general majority, undivided in respect of
its position ln the social scale with categories occupying a definite position in the social scale; that the classes are usually and tn most cases
led by political parties, at least in modern civilized countries; that
political parties, as a general rule, are led by more or less stable groups
of the more influential, authoritative, experienced members, elected to
the most responsible positions, and called leaders. All this is elementary. It is simple and plain. Why then all this rigmarole, this new
Volapuk?
On the one hand, men who were confronted with great difficulties,
when the rapid alternation between legal to illegal existence interrupted
the usual normal, simple relations between leaders, parties and classes,
apparently lost their head. In Germany, as In other European countries, people had become much used to over legality, to the free and
normal election of their "leaders" at the regular party conventions, to
convenient methods of testing the class composition of the party through
parliamentary elections, meetings, the press and the temper of the
members of the trade and other unions, etc. When, ln face of the
stormy advance of the revolution and the spread of olvil war, it became
necessary to shift quickly from legal to illegal positions, to co-ordinate
them, to resort to "inconvenient" and "undemocratic" methods of picking out or constituting or preserving "groups of leaders," people lost
their heads and began Inventing all sorts of supernatural nonsense.
Probably some members of the Dutch Communist Party who had the
misfortune to be born in a small country, into traditions and conditions
of particularly privileged and stable legality, who have not known at
all what It means to shift from a legal to an Illegal position, got themselves entangled and contributed to this muddle.
On the other hand, one notices the superficial and incoherent use of
the now "fashionable" terms "masses" and "leaders." People have
heard much and have conned by rote all the frivolous attacks on "leaders"—contrasting them with the "masses"—but failed to grasp the application and the inner meaning of these words.
The parting of the ways of "leaders" and "masses" showed Itself
with peculiar clarity and sharpness in all countries at the end of and
after thc imperialist war. The principal cause of this phenomenon was
many times explained by Marx and Engels in 1652-92 by the example
of England, The dominant position of England created tn the "masses"
a labor aristocracy petty bourgeoisie and opportunist. The leaders of
thts labor aristocracy constantly deserted to the bourgeoisie, and were
directly or indirectly in Us pay. Marx, to his honor, roused the hatred
of these wretches by openly branding them as traitors. The newest
(20th century) imperialism has created a monopolist, privileged post-
tion for a few advanced countries, and this brought to the surface
everywhere In the Second International a certain type of leader-traitors,
opportunists, social-chauvinists, who look after the interests of their
particular group in the labor aristocracy. This caused the opportunist
parties to break away from the "masses," that is, from the greatest
mass of the toilers, from the majority of the working-class, from the
lowest paid workers. The victory of the working-class is Impossible
unless this evil Is" fought, unless the opportunist, soclal-tralto* leaders
are exposed, disgraced and expelled. The Third International pursues
this policy,
To twist the subject so as to draw comparisons between dictatorship
of the mass generally and dictatorship of the leaders Is a laughable
absurdity and piece of foolishness. It is especially oomlcal that, Instead
of old leaders who have a common-sense view of ordinary matters, new
leaders are put forth (concealed under the slogan of "down with
leaders") who prattle supernatural nonsense and spread confusion.
Such are Laufenberg, Wolfhelm, Horner, Karl Schroeder, Friedrich
Wendell, and Karl Brier in Germany.*
Tho attempt by the latter to make the question "more profound,"
and to proclaim that political parties altogether are unnecessary and
"bourgeoisie," reaches such a Herculean pitch of absurdity that one
Is perplexed how to describe lt In speech. Verily lt may be said, that
a small mistake persisted ln, learnedly demonstrated, and "carried to
its logical conclusion," will grow into a monstrosity.
*8ee the Commun. Arb. Zeltung, Hamburg, January 7, 1020, No. 62; "Ausfloiung
dor Partel" (The Dliiolutlon of the Party), by Karl Erler: "Tho worklng-elaia
cannot destroy tho bourgeois stale without destroying the bourgeois democraoy, and
It cannot destroy bourgeois democracy without th* abolition of the partr" ("DU
Arbelter Klasso kann don burgerlichen SUat nlclit sertrummern ohno Vernicbtung
der burgerlichen Democratic, u. lie kann die burgerllche Democratic nloht vernichten
ohno d!o Zortrummurung dor Pnrtelon.")
The more muddle-headed among the lyndleallit* and anarcblits of tke Latin
countries may enjoy a certain self latlifactlon: iirious Oerauu, whs ovUoatly eon*
elder thenmelvei Marxists (K. Erler and K. Horner in their articles la th* Sbo«-
mentioned papers particularly solidly maintain that they are solid Minttsti, sll the
more ludicrously revealing their Ignorance of the A B 0 of Marxiim by talking
Incredible nonsense) talk Ihemielves Into • point of view altogether lnappnprlato.
Acceptance of Marxism doos not save on* from miiUkos, sad tho Rualeaa Mpeelsllg
The negation of party and'party discipline—that Is the result of the
arguments of the Opposition.-^ And this Ib equivalent to disarming the
proletariat in favor of the bourgeoisie. It is akin to that petty-
bourgeois looseness, instability, incapacity for steady, unified, and harmonious action, which, if given encouragement, must bring to nought
every proletarian revolutionary movement. To reject party, from the
viewpoint of Communism, means to leap from the eve of the capitalist
overthrow (ln Germany), not to the Initial or middle stages of Communism, but to Its highest phase. We in Russia, ln the third year after
the overthrow of the bourgeoisie, are going through the flrst steps in
the transition from capitalism to Socialism, that is to say, the lowest
stage of Communism. Classes remain, and will remain for yearB, everywhere after the proletarian conquest of power. Perhaps in England,
where there Is no peasantry, the period will be shorter, but even there
-imall owners, holders of property exist. To abolish classes means not
only to get rid of landlords and capitalists—that we have accomplished
with comparative ease—it means also to get rid of the small commodity
producers, and they cannot be eliminated or suppressed. There must
be an understanding wtth them, they can and should be regenerated,
re-trained; but this requires a Jong, gradual, careful organization. They
surround the proletariat on every side with a petty bourgeois atmosphere, impregnating .the proletariat with it, corrupting and demoralizing
the proletariat, causing It to relapse into petty-bourgeois lack of character, disintegration, Individualism, and alternation between moods of
exaltation and dejection. To oppose this, lt ls necessary to have the
strictest centralization and discipline within the political party of the
proletariat. It is necessary, tn order to carry on thc organizing activities of the proletariat (and this ls its principal role) correotly, successfully, victoriously. The dictatorship of the proletariat Is a resolute
persistent struggle, sanguinary'and bloodless, violent and peaceful,
military and economlo, educational and. administrative, against the
forces and traditions of tha old society. The force of habit of the millions and tens of millions is a formidabls force. Without an Iron party
hardened ln flght, without a party possessing the confidence of all
that ls honest in the given olass, without a party capable of observing
the disposition of the masses and of influencing lt successfully to conduct such a struggle Ib Impossible. To defeat the great, centralized
bourgeoisie ls a thousand times easier than to "defeat" millions and
millions of small owners who ln their dally, imperceptible, inconspicuous
but demoralising activities achieve the very results desired by the
bourgeoisie and restore the bourgeoisie. Whoever ln the least weakens
the Iron discipline of the party of the proletariat (especially during
Us dictatorship), aids in reality the bourgeoisie against the proletarat.
Besides' the question of leaders, of party, of class, and of the masses,
it ls necessary to raise the question of the "reactionary" trade unions.
But flrst I shall take the liberty of making a few concluding remarks
based upon the experience of our party. There, we always heard
attacks upon the "dictatorship of the leaders." I remember having
heard sueh attacks for the first time ln 1895 when formally there
was as yet no party, but even a central group, whloh began to form
itself in Petersburg, and which was to assume the leadership over the
district groups. At the ninth conference of our party (April, 1920)
thore was a small opposition, which also spoke against the "dictatorship of the leaders," of "psliarchy," etc. There is, however, nothing
wonderful, nothing new, nothing terrible in the "infantile disorder" of
"Left Communism," in Germany. It is an affliction which passes by
without injury to the organism, which, in fact, even strengthens lt
afterwards. On the other hand, the rapid shifting from legal to illegal
work which made it especially necessary to "hide" the movements of
the general staff, that Is to say,, the leaders, sometimes gave rise to
dangerous situations. The worst case was ln 1912, whn an agent-
provocateur, Malinovsky, got into the Central Committee of the Bolsheviks. He betrayed scores of the best and most devoted comrades,
causing their imprisonment apd hastening their death. That he did not
cause more mischief was due to the efficient co-ordination between the
legal and illegal forms of our activities. Malinovsky, as a member of the
Central Committee of the party and a deputy in the
Duma, was forced, ln order to gain our confidence, to aid us In establishing dally papers, which even under, the Czar knew how to carry on the
fight openly against the opportunism of the Mensheviks, and to preach
the fundamentals of Bolshevism In properly disguised forms. With
one hand, Malinovsky sent to'jail and to death scores upon scores of
the most active Bolsheviks, while with the other he was compelled to
aid ln the training of scores and scores of thousands of new adherents
through the medium of the legal press. It will not harm those of our
German comrades (as well ail1 the English, French, Italian and American), who are confronted with'tlie option of how to carry on revolutionary work Inside the reactionary .trade unions, to consider this fact
seriously.* ''  ';'  , :
'Malinovsky was a prisoner of war in, Germany. When ke returned to Soviet
Ruuia, bo wai Instantly arrested, tried snd shot by our working men. Tho Menahe-
viki atUoked us acrimoniously for eur mistake In making tn agent-provocateur a
membor of the Central Committee ,©f our party. Bnt when, under Kerensky, wo
demanded the arrcit of Rodiianko, the Speaker of the Duma, In ordor to try him
for hia having known, even before the war, tbat Malinovsky waa sn agent-provocateur, and for his failure to Inform the Labor group in tho Duma and the workers
of thla fact, Iho Menahevlka and Socialiit-Revolutionariei wko wero In Kereniky's
cabinet did not eupport our demand, Rodiianko remained st largo, snd then went
off freely to Denikin. J
In many countries, and particularly ln the most advanced, the bourgeoisie ls undoubtedly sending, and will continue to send, agents-provocateurs Into the Communist parties. One method of struggle against
this peril ls a skilful co-ordination of legal and Illegal work.
Should Revolutionaries Work in Reactionary Trade Unions?
Ti
HB German "Left" consider the reply to this question to be decidedly ln the negative so far as they are concerned. According to
their opinion, mere declamations and angry ejaculations (as done
by G. Horner In a particularly "solid" and stupid manner) against "reactionary" and "counter-revolutionary" Trade Unions are sufficient to
prove that it is not only useless but also not permissible for revolutionaries and Communists to work ln the yellow, social-chauvinist, tepor-
Izlng and conservative organizations of the type of the Legien Unions.
But, however strongly the German "Left" may be convinced of the
revolutionary nature of such tactics, these are in reality fundamentally
wrong, and contain nothing but empty phrases.
In order to explain this, I shall begin with our own experience, In so
far as it coincides with the general scheme of the present article, the
aim of which Is to apply to Western Europe everything that is of general
significance in the history and the present tactics of Bolshevism,
The relation between leaders, party, class, masses, and at the same
time the relation of the proletarian dictatorship and ItB party to the
trade unions, present themselves to us in the following concrete form,
The dictatorship of the proletariat is carried out by the proletariat
organized in Soviets, which is led by the Communist Party (Bolsheviks),
which, according to the data of the last party Conference, in April,
1920, has 611,000 members. The number of members varied greatly
both before and after the October Revolution, and wus considerably less
even in 1918 and 1919. We are afraid of too wide a growth of the
party, as place-seekers and adventurers, who deserve only to be shot, do
their utmost to get into the ruling party. The laat time we opened
wide the doors of the party for workmen and peasants only was in the
daya (winter, 1919) when Yudenltch was a few versts from Petrograd,
and Denikin was in Orel (about 860 versts from Moscow); that Ib, when
the Soviet Republic was In mortal danger, and when the adventurers,
place-seekers, charlatans and unreliable persons generally could in no
way rely upon making a profitable career (in fact could sooner expect
the gallows and torture) but joining the Communists. The party, which
convenes annual conferences (the last on the basis of one delegate for
each 1,000 members), Ib directed by a Central Committee of 19, elected
at the Conference; while the current work In Moscow has to be done
by still smaller boards, viz., the so-called "Orgbureau" (Organizing
Bureau) and "Political Bureau), which are elected at the plenary
sessions of the Central Committee, five members of the C, C. for ea</h
Bureau. This, then, looks like a real "oligarchy." Not a single important political organizing question ls decided by any State institution
in our Republic without the guiding Instructions of the C, C. of the
Party,
In carrying on its work, the Party rests directly on the Trade Unions,
which, at present, according to the data of the last Conference (April,
1920), comprise over 4,000,000 members, who are formally non-party.
In reality, all the controlling bodies of by far the greater number of
unions, and primarily, of course, of the All-Russian Centre or Bureau
(A. R. C. T. U. Alt-Russlan Central Council of Trade Unions) consist of
Communists, who carry out all the directions of the Party. ThiB is ob
talned, on the whole, a formally nb'h-Communtst, flexible, comparatively
extensive and very powerful proletarian apparatus, by means of which
the party la closely connected''With the class and the masses, and by
means of which, under the guidance of the party, claas dictatorship
Is realized. Without tlie closest connection with the Trade Unions,
without their hearty support and self-sacrificing work, not only ln
economic but also in military1 organizations, lt would have been, of
course, impossible to govern the country and to maintain the dictatorship for two and a-half years, or even for two and a-half months. It
la clear that, ln practice, this closest connection means very complicated
and varied work in the form of propaganda, agitation, conferences—
held often and at the right time, not only with the leading but also
with the generally influential trade union workers; lt also means a determined struggle against the* Mensheviks, who still have a certain,
though quite a small, number of adherents, whom they teach various
counter-revolutionary tricks, such as lending moral support to the
cauae of (bourgeois) democraoy, preaching the "Independence" of
trade unions (independence of the proletarian Statei) and even sabotage
of .proletarian discipline, etc., etc.
The connection wtth the "manes" through trade uniona we admit to
be Insufficient. Practice in the course of the revolution has given rise
to non-party workers' and peasants' conferences, and we endeavor by
every means to support, develop, and extend sueh institutions in order
to maintain a close contact with the disposition and state of mind of
the masses, to respond to their .inquiries, to push forward the best of
their workers to take positions in State Institutions, etc., etc. In one
of the last decreet. MMernlng the transformation of the People's Com
mlssarlat for "
tion," noi
membes
Then,
which uni
trade or pi
democratic
vanced  bout
Newly Formed Communist Party in AustraUa
Has Programme
ol into the "Workmen's and Peasants' Inspec-
ices of this kind are given the right to elect
 trol for various sorts of Btate inspections,
an tkt work of the party ls done through the Soviets,
rtag itasfles irrespective of the difference of their
tht Otunty (Uyeaed) Congresses of Soviet! are a
tt has never yet been seen tn the most ad
  __. ^^___^ fc Through these congresses, whose proceedings are f■>■»■< lv Ma party with very oareful attention, aa well
as through tkt MttUpt ttfc^atlon of class-conscious workmen to
occupy varioui HtltttM ta Mt oountryside, the olty fulfils its tunc
tlon of leading |kt fttttttry. Thus ls carried out the dictatorship of
on pact U
\
Seeks to Bring Present
System of Society to
an End
(Pot' tho  Federatlonist,  from   W.
Francis Ahern, Special Australian
Representative)
Formed about the middle of December last, the CommunlBt Party
of Australia, with headquarters at
Sydney (Australia) Is making
steady progress. Already a central ofllce haB been established,
with a flne lecture hall,, and a
weekly newspaper ls issued, and
branches are being established in
verlous parts of Australia.
In a manifesto to the workers of
Australia, lt ls held as a fundamental principle that It ls only by mass
movement of the workers aa a
whole that their emancipation can
be won. The workers are therefore urged to prepare for their part
in the coming International Communist revolution.
"The Communist Party of Australia," saya the manifesto, "together with the Communist International, accepts the scientific theory
that the capitalist system of production and distribution has outlived tta usefulness, and become
reactionary and destructive to humanity. We realize that this system has in itB development and
maturity done great service to humanity by bringing about extensive
and efficient social production and
distribution of necessities, and by
introducing wonderful labor saving
devices. But the capitalist system
Itaelf presents the fundamental contradiction of social production and
individual or private ownership,
both of the means of production
and the products.
"From this fact arise the two
classes of modern society—the
bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
The bourgeoise, by virtue of its possession of the State power, established and maintained itself today
as the dominant class, and Is thereby enabled to shelter behind the
empty phrases of popular democracy.
One Class Owns All
"By monopolizing and holding by
any and every means of cunning,
deceit and terrorism, all the means
of subsistence, the dominant class
perpetuates the existing form of
society, while the proletariat, deprived of everything, sometimes
even of bare existence, ia subjected
to degradation and the moat humiliating slavery. Thus does modern aociety present Itself as a system wherein one class produces all
thlnga and owns nothing, while the
other class owns everything and
produces nothing,"
The manifesto goes on to say
that the Communist Party, recognizing this contradiction, has set
itself to abolish the system, to overthrow the class monopoly, and to
abolish the private ownership of
the means of production; and establish in place of these a system
of social ownership of the means
of production, thereby making tho
ownership coincide with the social
progress  of production,
"This contradiction," aays the
manifesto, "ls most apparent during a crisis caused by over-production. Then there ls no shortage of
necessities, but an overplus, that is
to aay, the producers have produced more for the monopolist class
for their profits than that claaa can
dispose of. When this point is
reached, the wheels of production
are stopped, and the producers, in
addition to being deprived of their
own production, are deprived of
even their ordinary miserable
means of subsistence, and are
thrown into a state of absolute
starvation.
Forced to Revolt
"In such a case the producing
classes unconsciously feel that they
are unjustly deprived of access to
the massed products of their own
labor*. Sometimes they are driven
by starvation and this sense of Injustice into spontaneous revolt, such
as local and general strikes; but
because of their lack of organization and their ignorance of the real
cause of their degradation and starvation while the monopolist classes
aro solidly organized into the state,
with weapons to hand for oppression and coercion, they are invariably euppressed and beaten, fooled
or trapped, and finally brought back
again Into the same slavery, when
the monopolists are ready to set the
wheels of production going again,
'Since tho possessing class, ln
spite of Its Insignificant numbers,
compared with the workers, ls,
through Ub organization, able to
keep the great mass in subjection,
we Communiats contend that if the
workerB are well organized for the
expresB purpose of overthrowing
the capitalist Bystem, they can do
so during one of these periodic
crisis; and then can establish a
system of production of necessities,
not for proflt, but for social use.
Then would they turn the overplus
or plenty of products to the happiness of all, and not to the starvation of those who have produced
that plenty.
A Fighting Organization
The Communist Party is essentially a fighting organization, and not
a debating olub. While lt is stren
gthenlng Itaelf more and more by
further and further educating ita
own membera, and by educating
and recruiting new members and
branches, It takeB an active part in
tho everyday struggle of the working olass. In this way lt demonstrates the futility of fighting for
an Improved capitalist system, and
even directs them to the same one
purpose of overthrowing the system by organized mass aotlon.
"We Communists assert the futility of waiting for the achievement
of our Ideal by legislation through
existing legislative institutions, as
THE OFFICIAL RECEIPT   •^*a,v"
This is a reproduction of the official receipt
that is being issued by the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for the maintenance fund:
v>5   British Columbia Federationitt   v>«*
1921 MAINTENANCE FUND
'jpjHIS is an acknowledgment that the Bearer hai con-
^*^ tribute d lhe sum of Five Dollars ($5.00) to aid in
Wiping out the inieblednesa of lhe B. C. Federatlonltt;
increase its field of operations; defend Labor in the every
day struggle and to become a bigger and more powerful
0I_    Workeri' Newt and Propaganda Paper    £_
these institutions are expressly a
part of the capitalist system. The
overthrow of the system means
equally the overthrow of all thc
political machinery of tho system,
parliament and police, army and
navy, etc. The new machine whtch
will be established by the organized
force of the workers in mass action, for the protection of the new
order in the establishment of Ub
new economic and social system,
will be the dictatorship of the proletariat. Thla ts only a temporary
phase ln the new order, and will
only exist for the complete annihilation of the bourgeoise as a class
and the economic basis of clasa antagonism and of the State having
ceased to exist, then, In the words
of Engels, State Interference ln social relations becomes, In one domain after another, superfluous,
and then dies out of itself; the
government of persona Is replaced
by the administering of things, and
by the conduct of processes of production. Then will Communists society inscribe upon Its banner:
"From each according to his abilities, to each according to his noeds."
Programme of Australian CommunlBt Pnrty
The purposes of the Australian
Communist Party are set out as
followa:
(1) Arranging Communist study
classes under its own auspices or
under those of Labor organizations;
(2) Holding wherever poBstble
public meetinga for necessary propaganda, as its aim Ib to spread the
Communist idea as widely amongst
the masses as possible, recognizing
that social revolution will be only
possible with an intelligent following of the Communist Party by thc
masses at large;
• (8) For the same reason and
for the education and recruiting of
new members, distributng Communistic revolutionary literature;
(4) Forming groups of its members in every mill, factory, workshop and field, bo that it is always
In a position to direct and control
through its members every industrial dispute and disturbance of the
workers, keeping always ln mind
the same end—social revolution—
and trying to utilize every spontaneous action of the workers for
that one end;
(E) Directing lta members to
take an active and, wherever possible, a leading part in every craft
or industrial union, and endeavoring to have lta members elected
into the executive bodies of these
organizations so that these organizations alao are directed in their
activities towards thc same end of
complete social revolution.
(6) Endeavoring and actively
working to replace the existing
craft unions by more up-to-date,
efficient industrial unions, which
would be more advantageous for
social revolutionary mass action, as
well as an important factor ln the
Communist reconstruction of aociety.
(7) So controlling its members,
that each and every one of them
acts strictly according to Communistic principles;
<8) Taking an active part in the
eleotlon for the existing legislative
bodies, whenever it may be for the
advantage of the social revolution,
to demonstrate inside those institutions that suoh Institutions are expressly for the buttressing of the
existing capitalistic system, and
that therefore they are working abaolutely and alwayB in opposition
to the Interests of the tolling masses
and to demonstrate that whenever
these institutions legislate In the interests of the workers, they are doing so not because they sincerely
desire to do so, but always because
of a danger of revolt from those
whom they are exploiting, and always with the purpose of preserving the existing capitalist system.
(8a) While the Communist
Party accepts parliamentarism for
revolutionary purposes, It does not
exclude from its membership non-
parliamentary Communists, providing party discipline la maintained,
and with the Third International
declares that lt considers as a
crime against the Labor movement
any split or attempt at a split
within the Communist Party on this
point.
(9) iBsuIng, from time to time,
necessary and timely manifestos
and calls to the masses for a particular action at a particular time;
(10) Inviting all the intelligent
workera, men and women, to study
Communistic Ideas, to understand
them properly, and to try to estab--]
llsh Communistic groups wherever
possible, atrictly on the principles
outlined fn this programme, be lt
in a friendly circle, a factory, a
workshop, a craft union, or an In
[•dustrial union,
One slight difference has, how
ever, taken place since the formation of the Communist Party. The
Australian Socialist Party, which
took part In the preliminary proceedings, withdrew at the final moment, contending that it—the A. S.
P.—was   the   correct   Communist
Party, and made several charges
against officials of the newly-formed body. At the present time, both
parties are claiming to be the Communist Party, both claim affiliation
with Moscow, and both indulge in
pergonal recrimination against each
other. Efforts are being made te
heal the breach.
New consignment of "Prltchard'l
Address to the Jury," on sale at
this ofllce. Ten cents, postpaid.
Drugless
Healing
Dr. W. J. Downie
SANIPRA0TI0
PHYSICIAN
Master of Praotical
Drugless Healing
DOWNIE
Sanitarium
LIMITED
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
OituU'—Corner of llaatlnfa
and ltkiiarda
Phones:    Soymour 603;
Highland ilt-t
If you are suffering in any way,
SEE US
We have the equipment
and 40 years' experience.
There is no knife nor
poison used in our treatment.
IT IS
ABSOLUTELY
PAINLESS
Writo or phone for appointment.
The Swellest Up-to-
Date
HAT CLEANING
SHOP
in Town
The Hat Box
112 Hastings Wert
Opposite Woodwarda
We are artists in tto HM.
Cleaning bualneaa
NOTHING IS HOSE HEALTHFUL
After a day's labor
than a
Bottle of
_^r*-    — * tv» m * ""    -^a*""
Ask for it.
It's Union-Hade.
For Sale at all standi.
WESTMINSTER BREWING 00. »RIDAT...___......r• bruary IB, 1*11
rHIRTEENTH THAR.    No. T
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vakocuybb, B. <_.
PAGff SaVflW,
For Twenty Tun ve fear* limed thii Unloa Stamp for oa» under onr '
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
WORKERS UNION,
UNION
•TAMP
OUB STAMP XHOT118:
Peaceful CoUacttvt Bargaining
Forbids Both Strikw Ud Lockout!
Dliputei Settiad hy Arbitration
Steady Employment snd Skilled Woikmaaiatp
prompt DeUreriei to Dealtri anl Publlo
Peace and Suecoai to Worksrs sad Employers
Proiperlty of Shoe Making Coimnunitlei
Aa loyal nnl«a mea and women, ws ssk
yeu to demand shoos bearing tho shore
Union Stamp oa Sols, Insole or Lining.
[factory
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
Colli! IiOTBly, Oenetal PteaUea^.    Oh. ties L. Bala,,' Oanaral Sec-Tret,.
Freah Out Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta
Ornamental ant Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
I—8TOBE9-8
tt Hastings Street East 728 OranvUle Straal
Seymour .88-672 Seymour 8513
"Left Wing" Communism
—An Infantile Disorder
(Continued from page (>
NESE REBELS
HAD TO MAKE A
TO
Tie Up Newspapers Until
Officials Are Released
(By the Federated Press)
Amsterdam—What ls characterl-
ted by the Budapest correspondent
of Het Volk aa the first great victory ot the Hungarian workera sine*
the tall of the Bela Kun Soviet retime in th* summer of 1919, was
won recently by th* printers ot the
Hungarian capital.'
It appears that tht Horthy authorities determined some weeks
ago to break- up tht 60-year-old
Hungarian Typographical Union,
and they proceeded to declare the
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND
NANAIMO *
Kindling Freo
CANADIAN WOOD AND
GOAL COMPANY
1440 OBANVILLE Sey. G2tt
union dissolved, becauae of an alleged misuse of trade union funds.
An Investigation was held whloh
showed that nothing of tha sort
had happened, but that the union
had handled millions of crowns in
relief payments, etc., without irregularities. Nevertheless, the Budapest reactionaries arrested tour of
the Typographical Union's readers
on Jan. 16, on a charge of having
founded a strike fund.
This wae a little too much and,
In defiance of the White Terror,
the Budapest printers resolved the
next morning not to go to work
until their leaders were set free.
The authorities, according to Het
Volk'e report, practically foamed
at the mouth with rage at this defl,
but they had to give In, and that
same evening, the printers' officials
were liberated. The Hungarian
censor did hfs worst to suppress
this piece of news, so that even the
Socialist paper, Nepszava, printed
nothing about the Labor victory.
Milwaukee.—That proprietors of
locked-out tailor shops are making
an effort to have their work performed by non-union labor in the
secrecy of homes and kitchen ls
the charge made by William Bau-
mann, bueineee agent of the tailors.
"While this 1s the slack season of
the year," said Baumann, "the
trade soon will pick up, and when
the co-operative shop ls started we
expect to make big Inroads into tbe
[ trade of the locked-out shops."
WE NEED IT NOW
While May Day has been set as
the closing date for tho raising of
$5,000 for the Federatlonist, it
should be understood that we need
tt NOW.'
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Bere Thty An, Indexed ter 1—
Mr. Union Han, Out This Out aud CUT* It to Tou Wit*
Auctioneers
'love A Co.
Tladalls Limited-.
Bicycles
Billiards
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)—-..
Boots and Shoes
..IW. Seymour Street
_«18 Hastings Btreet West
lastings Street East
■  Pierre Paris .
tHerre Paris * .M Hastings Btrsot West
If a o Laohlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street Weat
Cornett Bros. & Clarke , 66 Hastings Street Weat
Boot and Shoe Repairing
 64 Hastings Street West
tiett Method Shoe Bepalrlng ..J8. Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
International Book Shop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streets
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Wlllard Coates 30-32 Burns Bldg., lt Hastings Street West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd IE th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr.' Lee Holder „ 74 Fairfield Building
Dr. H, Walton ..310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold ft Quigley 541) Qranvllle Street
Clumana, Ltd 163 Hastings Street Weat
Clubb ft Stewart 300-316 Hastings Btreet West
B. C. Tailoring Co   843 Hastings East
...8349 Hastings Streot Bast
Wm. Diek Ltd...
Thos. Fostsr ft Co., Ltd..
7. W. Foster ft Co., Ltd.,
C. D. Bruce-
New Tork Outfitting Co..
W. B. Brumltt.	
...514 OranvUle Btreet
...345 Hastings Btreet Weat
...401 Hastings Street West
..143 Hastings Street West
„ _______ ..-Cordova Btreet
Coal
Kirk ft Oo., Ltd Hit Main Bt., Seymonr 1441 and MS
Dancing Lessons
Pendor HaU Corner of Pender and Howe Streets
W. — f'onn Dancing School Cotillion Hall
Dentists
 602 Hastings West
 301 Dominion Building
Brett Anderson .
W. J. Curry.	
Britannia Beer.
Cascade Boer—
Van Bros -
Drinks
...WoBtmlnster Brewery Co.
 Vancouvor Brcwerios Ltd.
 ...... Ciders and wines
famous Cloak ft Snit Oo...
Dry Goods
.623 Hastings Street West
mm_m__ Florists
__} Brown Bros, ft Oo. Ltd.. 48 Hastings East and 728 Oranvllle Street
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros 2308 Qranvllle Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co .'. 233 Klngsway
Nunn and Thomson 681 Homor Street
Furniture
B> Hastings Furniture Co.- -. —41 Hastings Street ,Wert
Groceries
''Sinter." (three stores)  Hastings, Oranvillo and Main Streots
Dal Van Market HastingB St. W.
Hatters
Calhoun's, Ltd.  61 HaBtings Street Bast
Jewelers
D. B. Allan ..> 480 OranvUle Street
Masseurs, Etc
U. F. Kby, B.A., M.B., 600 Broadway West
Overalls and Shirts
..... (Tumor Beeton ft Co., Viotorla, B. C.)
"Big Horn" Brand 	
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse 	
.1129 Howe Street
Taxi Service
Kanloy Steam Tail Co . , 384 Abbott Street
■wan Taxi 	
42  Cordova St. K
Empress .
Theatres and Movies
„........« Oruheuin  _..,«...
the proletariat, and the systematic struggle agalnat the rich, exploiting,
and speculating peasantry.
Suoh la the general mechanism of the proletarian State considered
from "above," from the point of view of practice in realization of tht
dictatorship. It ls hoped that the reader will understand why, to a
Russian Bolshevik well acquainted with this mechanism and having
watched lta growth out of small underground circles during twenty-
live years, all talk of "from above" or "from below," "the dictatorship
of leaders" or "the dictatorship of the masses" cannot but appear aa
childish nonsense. It Is something like discussing whether the left leg
or the right arm 1b more useful to man.
Not less laughable and childishly nonsensical appears to us the Important, learned and horribly revolutionary disquisitions of the German
"Left" as to why Communists cannot and should not work in reactionary trade uniona; why it Is permissible to refuse suoh work; why It la
necessary to leave the craft unions and to create In their stead quite
new and quite pure ;'workmen'a unions''invented by exceedingly nice
(and, for the most part, probably very youthful) Communists, etc.; eto.
Capitalism Inevitably Iaaves, aa an Inheritance to Socialism, on tht
one hand, old professional and craft differences created among tht
workers ln the course of centuries; and on the other, Trade Unions,
which only, very slowly and ln the course of years, can and will develop Into broader Industrial rather than craft organisations (embracing
whole industries and not merely crafts, trades and proteaslohs). These
Industrial unions will, ln turn, ltad to th« abolition of division of labor
betweeh people, to tht education, training and preparation of workert,
who will be ablt to de everything. Communism ia moving ln this direction; lt must move and will arrive at that goal but only after a
great many years, To attempt In practice today, to precipitate development of this cTlttracterlBtlo ot a thoroughly developed, stable and
completely matured Communism would bt llkt trying to teach a four-
year-old child higher mathematics.
We oan and muat begin te build np Socialism, not with tht fantastla
human material orsated by our Imagination, but out of the material
left to ut by capitalism. Thlt, no doubt. Is very "difficult," but every
other way of tackling the problem ls not aerlous enough to even discuss.
Trada unlona marked a gigantic step forward of the working class
at tht beginning of capitalist development, as a transition from the
disintegration and helple_s. ess of the workera to the beginnings of
clasa organizations. When the proletarian revolutionary party (which
does not deserve the name until lt learns to connect leaders-class-.
masses Into one single Indissoluble wholt), when (his last, highest, form
of proletarian class-organisation bsgan to grow up, the trade unlona
unavoidably revealed some reactionary traits, a certain craft limitation, a certain tendency to non-political aetion, a certain oonservtlsm,
etc., tta But the development of tht proletariat did not and could
not, anywhere In the world, proceed by any other road than that of
trade unlont, with their mutual activity with the working-class party.
Tht seising of political power by the proletariat, as a class, Is a gigantic
step forward; and lt Is incumbent upon the party to educate the trade
unions ln a new manner, distinct from the old one, to guide them, not
forgetting meanwhile that they remain and will remain for a long
time a necessary "school of Communism*" a preparatory achool for
the training of the proletariat to realize Its dictatorship, an Indispensable union of the workers for the permanent transference of the management of the oountry'a economic life Into their hands as a class (and
not to single trades), to be given later Into the hands of all the laboring
masses.
. A certain conservatism of the Trade Unions, ln the senst mentioned,
Is unavoidable under the dictatorship of the proletariat. Not to understand this means completely to fall to understand the fundamental conditions ot the transition from capitalism to Socialism. To fear this reactionary tendency, to try to avoid lt, to Jump over lt, Is as foolish as lt
can possibly bs; lt Indicates laok of confidence tn the role of the proletarian vanguard to train, educate and enlighten, to Infuse with ntw life,
the moat baokward groups and masses of the working claas and tht
peasantry. On the other hand, to postpone tht realization of the proletarian dictatorship until such a time as thtrt ls not left a single professionally narrow-minded workman, until all are quite free from craft
and trade union prejudices, would bt a still greater mistake. For a
Communist, with a correct understanding of his own ends, th&art of
politics lies in correctly calculating the condltlona and the moment when
the proletarian vanguard can take over power successfully. He must
decide when, after this assumption of power, that vanguard will be able'
to obtln adequate support from sufficiently inclusive strata of the work
lng-clasa and non-proletarian laboring maases, and when it will be
able to maintain, consolidate and extend Its supremoy, educating, train
Ing and attracting ever-widening circles of the laboring masses.
In countries more advanced than Russia, a certain reactionary spirit
has revealed, and waa unquestionably bound to reveal, itself ln the
trade unlona much mora atrangly than In our oountry. Our Mensheviks
had (and In a very few trade unions still have) the support of those
organizations, just because of their craft narrow-mindedness, professional selfishness, and opportunism. In the west the Mensheviks have
acquired a much firmer footing ln the trade unions. There a much
wider stratum of labor aristocracy—those professional, narrow-minded,
selfish, brutal, jealous, petit bourgeois elements—has oropped up, 1m-
perlallatlcally Inclined, and bribed and corrupted by Imperialists. That
thia ls so needs no proof. Tht itruggle against Gompers, Jouhaux,
Henderson, Merrheim, Legien and Co. In Western Europe ls much
more difficult than the fight with our Mensheviks, who represent a thoroughly homogeneous social and political type. This struggle must be
mercilessly conducted until; aa was done in our case, all tht Incorrigible
leaders of opportunism and social-chauvinism have been completely
exposed and thrown out of the unions. It la Impossible to conquer political power, and the conquest should not even be attempted until
this struggle hss reached a certain stage. Thts certain stage must vary
In different countries and different circumstances. Only clear-minded,
experienced and well-Informed political leaders are able to estimate It
correctly. In Russia, Incidentally, tha measure of success In the struggle
was gauged by the elections to the Constituent Assembly in November,
1917, a few daya after the proletarian revolution of October 26, 1917,
In these elections ths Mensheviks were totally defeated, having obtained
0.7 million votea (1.4 millions If the vote ot the Trans-Caucasia be
added) aa against 9 million votes obtained by tht Bolsheviks,'
*Soe my article: "Elections to tha Gonstltnent Aaaambly and th. Proletarian
Dlotatorahip," la No. 7*8 of th. Communlet International.
We carry on the struggle against the labor aristocracy ln the name
of the working masses, ln order to gain them over to our side; and wt
do battle against the opportunist and social-chauvinist leaders ln order
to achieve the same object, To forget this most elementary and self-
evident truth would bo stupid. But tho German "Left" Communist!
commit just this stupidity when, because ot the reactionary and counterrevolutionary heads of the trade unions, they jump, as by some inexplicable mental process, to the conclusion that lt ls necessary to
abandon these organizations altogether! They refuse to work In
tbeml They Invent new Invented working-men's unlonsl This ts an unpardonable blunder, and one by whioh the Communists render the
greatest service to the bourgeoisie. Our Mensheviks, like all opportunist, soclal-chauvlnlBt Kautskian loaders of trade unions, are nothing
more nor leas than the "agents of the bourgeoisie fn the labor move,
ment" (as we always express lt), or "labor lieutenants of the capitalist
clnss," according to the excellent and highly expressive summary of the
followers of Daniel De Leon in America. Not to- work within the reactionary trade unions meana to leave the insufficiently developed or
backward working masses to the Influence of reactionary leaders,
agents of the bourgeoisie, labor aristocrats—"bourgeotslfied workers."
(See Engels' letter to Marx ln 1852, concerning British workers.)
,It ls Just this absurd "theor^ of non-partlclpation by Communists ln
reactionary trade unions that demonstrates most clearly how Ught-
mtndedly these "Left" Communists regard the question of influence
over the "masses," how they contradict their own outcries about the
"masses." In order to be able to help the "masses" and to win their
sympathy, confidence, and support, tt ls necessary to brave all difficulties, attacks, Insults, cavils and persecutions by tho loaders (who, being
opportunists and social-chauvinists, aro, tn most cases, directly or
Indirectly connected with the bourgeoisie and the police), and to w.ork
by every possible means wherever the masses are to be found. Great
sacrifices must be mado, the greatest propaganda systematically, stubbornly, 'insistently, and patiently, ln all those institutions, societies, and
associations, however reactionary, where proletarians or semi-prolotarlans
gather together. As for trade unions and co-operatives (this applies,
at least sometimes, to the latter), they are Just the organizations where
the mass is to bs found. In Great Britain, according to data given in
the Swedish paper, Folkots Dagblad Polltlken, of March 10, 1919, the
trade union membership from the end of 1917 to the end of 1918 rose
from 5.6 millions to 6.6 millions—i.e., an increase of 19 per cont.
Towards the end of 1919, this numbor reached 7.5 millions. I have not
at hand the corresponding data about France and Oermany, but the
facts testifying to the rapid growth in membership of the trade unions
in these countries are quite Incontestable and aro generally-known.
These fucts speak most clearly, and are confirmed by thousands of
othr indications, of tho growth of class-consciousness, and of the passion
for organization, which exists especially amongst tho proletarian masses,
In the "rank and fllo," amongst the backward elements. Millions of
workers in England, France und Gormany who were not at all organized heretofore have, for the flrst time, ontored the most elementary,
most simple and most easily accesible form of organization—for those
still Imbued with bourgeois-democratic prejudices—namely, the trade
unions. And the revolutionary but unwise "Left" Communists . tnnd by,
crying "The massi the mass!" and refuse to work with the trado unions;
refuse on the pretext of tlieir "conservatism," and contrive new, spick
and span "Workers' Unions," guiltless of bourgeois-democratic prejudices, guiltless of craft feeling and narrow professionalism! These
workers' unions, they claim, will bo (will be! )# all-embracing, and for
participation In thom the only (only!) requirement Is "tho accoptnhen
of the Soviot syBtem and the dictatorship of tho proletariat." (See
the previous quotation!)
A greater lack of sense and more harm to the revolution than this
attitudo of the "Left" revolutionaries cannot be imagined. Why, If we
in Russia, after two and a-half years of Incredible victories over the
Russian bourgeoisie and the Entento, had demanded that entrance into
tho trade unions'muat bo conditional upon tho "acceptance of the dictatorship," we Bhould have committed a stupid act, impaired our in-
Waiting for the Return of
Soviet Power to Via-
r'     v ivostock
Workers Government Win
Asia While Allies
Quarrel
(By   Laurence   Todd,   Federated
.   , Presa Staff Correspondent)
Washington—In Shanghai they
art waiting'for tht return of Rut-
elan power to Vladivostok. For
that will mtan tht dawn of a ntw
Orient—a fret Orient
Wise old Dr. Wu, onoe Chinese
minister to tht United States, who
it tht Btnjamln Franklin of tht
South China Republic, haa moved
from Canton to Shanghai.
Dr. Sun Tat Sen, tht Oeorge
Washington and Thomaa Jefferson
of revolutionary China, Itt flrst pretident and now head of tho South
China stats, hu movtd from Nanking to Shanghai.
There, aafe within the lhadow of
the foreign settlements, and at the
great front door of the Fa. Eaat,
Wu and Sun direct the government
of the provinces that refuse to recognize the regime ln Pekin. And
wifh Oriental patience they watch
the western skies tor the banners
of the Soviet Russian armies that
will oome across tht steppes of Siberia to drlvt tht Japanese forces
from Russian aoil.
"Likewise In Shanghai there waits
tir. Syngman Rhee, president of tht
Republic of Korea, and Indomitable leader of the struggle of hit
people against. Japanese enslavement He hat his missions In
Eiwope and Amerioa, working and
pleading for humane consideration
by.. the Allied governments. He
and his associates began their revolution by a gteat passive resistance', and by a cry for aid to the
Christian powers'whose missionaries had planted modern thought
ln Korea. But nearly two years
Ljiave passed ;scores of thousands
Uot'Korean men, women and ohlld-
lre» havt bten slaughtered, tortured. Imprisoned, left, homeless and
starving amid the dtvaatatad fields
'where their villages were burned
over their heads. ...Europe and America,.have not raised a hand In
protest at the ruthless ferocity ot
the Japanese troops sent to hold
Korea.. Fot* thla reaaon Syngman
tehee, watches for the Russians'
coming.
- These revolutionary Orientals say
tjiat; Japan likewise ttes the Red
iprlngttme coming. Cautiously,
ahd*ith many baokward strokes
ot'her sharp claws, she ls backing
out of Siberia, while asserting her
right to remain to safeguard the
East against,tha Communist government. Her parliament wrangles
over the safety of her forces on the
continent ,and her army ohlefs ad-
mM the possible wisdom of gradual concentration ln Korea.
Por Japan's hold on the politicians and generals who rule the
North China government at Pekin
la breaking. Japanese money cannot forever -hold Pekin when Wu
and Sun are steadily winning over
to their nationalist and liberal programme the intellectuals and even
tht army. Aa the prospect of Soviet authority ln Vladivostok Improves, as the day draws near when
tho red banner of Communism will
mark the course of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the tide of success
of Wu and Sun ls swelled, and modern Independent China, committed to a polloy of friendly accord
with Moscow, comes Into her own.
How Must apha Kemal Pasha and
the Turkish Nationalists have found
ln their alliance with Moscow the
key to a revived Islam, ln which
Arabia, Persia and Afghanistan
have a part is an old atory to these
leaders ln Shanghai. They are in
touoh, too, with events among the
360,000,000 disaffected subjects ot
British military power In India.
They piece the picture together and
see continental Asia united ln a new
programme—freedom from Imperialist control .and exploitation.
Diplomatic negotiations in Wash,
ington with reference to Japanese
demands In California hava heen
carried on with this fact of the
Russian and  Oriental  entente  in
Bailln Confession Sheds
Light on Functions of
Detective Agency
The "Red" Hysteria Was
Created by Private
Agencies
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Phone R.F.-9M AU O.B.T_. Help
(By Carroll Binder, Federated
Prtn Staff Correspondent)
New Tork—The extent to which
private detective agencies have succeeded In polluting the American
Labor movement with spies ls
shown ln the confession of the former private detective, Albert Ball- j
in, which li to be flled ln the offl-!
clal documents of the United States
dlstriot court here. Bailln Ib on
trial as the self-confessed sender of
threatening letters to public officials Responsible for the arrest and
trial ot alleged radicals. He pleads
that he did this under orders from
the chief of the agency which employed htm.
Ballln's testimony given under
oath reveals the unsavory methods
of the agencies in corrupting the
officials and membors of unions,
and ln hiring mon and women to
join Labor organizations to report
the actlvitlds of those bodies and
to plan frame-ups against the
unions. He names scores ot aplM
and tells what agencies they work
for, swearing that he can prove hts
statements. Since Bailln made his
revelations several unions fn Chicago have Investigated members
mentioned by Bailln, found them
guilty and .expelled them..
Bailln says that the La Kurba
Company engaged a leading detective agency to "protect their busl*
neis/" Bailln says this organization received $6 BOO for Its work,
paying operatives 98.00 a day and
charging $8 por man.
TJiey Installed a dictograph
the union headquarters, rented an
empty room, downstairs and placed
a stenographer there. Bailln saye
they had a key made for the union
headquarters and paid the janitor
$25 for letting them Into the build
Ing at night.
In Machinists Union
The two nationally known ngen-
cles for which I worked have their
men ln every union," reads the confession. "The Metal Manufacturers
Association, for example, whose
office Is In the Peoples Gas building, had Fred Baurman expelled
from the Machinists Union by
means ot their men Inside the
union, who discredited him and
planned a frame-up on him, because the manufacturers thought
he was getting too radical. The
Chicago manager of my agency told
me particularly to flnd out every
man and woman ln the Machinists
Union who was already a member
of the I. W. W. and especially to
try to get something on Business
Agent G. T, Fraenckel.
Soon aftor we went to work Bal-
mind. Japan ls ln proceis of shrinking to a third-rate power. Every
other element ln Asia will co-operate ln her reduction, to which Russia will lead the way. South China
will presently become all of China.
Korea will become an armed and
vigilant neighbor, backed by Russia and China. India, In due time,
will find her own road to freedom,
Militarist Japan will become an
outcast.
Diplomats ln Washington are
talking over these matters. They
are Inclined to credit Lenin and
Trotsky with wanting peace In Europe, but they believe the Communist leaders* reason Is one of desiring freedom of movement ln the
Far East
While the sabres have rattled at
Versailles and in London the Russian workingmen and peasants'
governrr--nt has won Asia. Thq
most gigantic and most revolutionary of all alliances In human history has grown up while the Allies
quarreled.
That explains the advertisements
ln United States newspapers: "The
Quo Mln Tang (Chinese Liberal
Party) ln America asks you not to
buy Chinese bonds. Do not lend
money to kill our people."
fluence over the masses, and helped the Mensheviks. For the whole
of the Communist problem Is to be able to convince tho backward, to
work ln their midst, and not to set up a barrier between us and them,
a barrier of artificial childishly "Left" slogans.
Thore can be no doubt that Messrs. Gompers, Jouhaux, Henderson,
Legion, etc., are very grateful to surti "Left" revolutionaries who, Uke
the German "Oppositlon-in-principle" Party (Heaven preserve us from
sucjft, "principles") or Uke revolutionaries In the American "Industrial
y/jorkprs of the World," preach the necessity of quitting reactionary
trade unions and of refusing to work tn them. Undoubtedly the leaders of opportunism will have recourse to all the tricks of bourgeois
diplomacy, will appeal to the help of bourgeois governments, to priests,
#plico, courts, ln order to prevent Communists from entering the trade
unions, by all and every moans to put them out, to make their work
Inside, these organizations as unpleasant as possible, to Insult, hound
a/id persecute them. It ls necessary to be able to withstand all this,
:tu;.go the whole, length of any sacrifice, if need be, to resort to strategy
and;adroitness, illegal proceedings, reticence and subterfuge, to anything in order to penetrato into the trade unions, remain in them, and
polity on communist work inside them, at any cost. Undor Czarism
until 1905 we had no "legal possibilities," but when Zubatov, the secret
service agent, organized Black Hundred workers' moetings and work
mon's societies for the purpose of ferreting out revolutionaries and
/Ightlng them, we sent members of our party into these meetings nnd
|)Soci<'ties. (I personally remember one such comrade, Dabusliklne, an
am 1mmt Petrograd workman, who was shot by the Czar's generals In
1900.) They put us ln touch with the masses, acquired much skill ln
conducting propaganda, and succeeded in wresting tho workers from
under the Influence of Zubatov's agents.* Of course, ln Western Europo,
which is soakod through and through with inveterate legalist, constitutionalist, bougeols-democratic prejudices, lt ts more difficult to carry
on such work; but lt can and should be carried on systematically.
*The Gompers, Hendoraona, Jouhaux md Legloni are nothing else than Zntuttou,
differing from aum only in their Europonn droit*, in tbo gloat of their clvillied,
refined, demoeralicully smooth minnor of conducting thoir scoundrelly policy.
The Executivo Committee of tho Third International should, in my
opinion, directly condemn the policy of non-partlclpation In reactionary
trade unions; und they should suggest to the next conference of tho
Communist International the necessity of issuing a generul condemnation of such policy, stating in detail the reasons for the irrationality of
non-participation and the excessive harm It brings to lie cause of the
proletarian rovolution. They should specify in particular the line of
conduct of some Dutch Communists who, whether directly or indirectly,
'openly or covertly, wholly or partially, supported this erroneous policy.
The Third International must break with tho tactics or the Souond,
und not evade or belittle soro points, but fuce them squarely, The
whole truth must likewise be told tov\he "Left" Communists.
(To be continued)
Un says he wu instructed to join
the Workers In ter rational Industrial Union, a branch ot the Detroit L W. W. "Thtn tbey to-
structed me to charge the officials
of the W. I. I. U, to call meetings
of the belt Industry workers, and to
try to organize these worker's myself. At such times. I should make
reports as to who attended these
meetings, reporting thtlr names
and addresses and the Industries ln
whloh they worked. Then the plan
was to send a solicitor from tht
agenoy to the employers In thost
Industries, and ihow thtm that tht
W. I. I. U. waa trying to organist
thtlr shop. Then tha employers
would pay the agency to watch ths
agitators and report on the work
they did among the men. Practically tht whole private dettctlvt
business Is built oa blackmail of
this kind."
Waa Union Secretary
Ballin was then assigned to shadow members ot the Communist
Labor PaVty. Returning to Chicago, hs became secretary of tht
Textile Workers Union No, 1000 of
the I. W, W. He kept the books
and records of the union In the detective agency safe. One day he
found that the manager had taken
the official stamp ot tht union. "Wt
can make good use.of this later,
he said. Bailln claims he then
gave the records to Eva Taohei*, a
member ot the local, and on AprU
7, 1920, left for New York.
How It oame about that hundreds of members ot Chicago Labor
unions and radial organizations
were arrested in January, 1920;
that headquarters and meeting
places of these groups were raided
and wrecked; that homes were
searched without warrants and
prisoners held without charges being preferred against them — In
other words, the Inside story of
the "Red" raids—is told in the confession of Albert Ballin.
Bailln states under oath tbat the
Chicago "Red" raids were not
made by federal of county officials,
but bf a private detective agency
with money contributed by the
packers and bankers and other
Chicago business men.
The confession says that John J.
Mitchell, president of tho First National Bank of Chicago, was chair,
man of the oommlttee to Investigate the "Reds." This oommlttee
was formed beoause the packers
were bitter against Stuart Chase
and Rafael Mallen, investigators
for the federal trade commission,
who had forced the packers to reveal many of their hidden profits.
Chase had been president of the
Chicago Fabian Club and Mallen
was active in local union and liberal clfcles. The business men, according to Bailln, wanted- to get
something on these men so that
they could discredit the fedoral report
Detective Agenoy Graft
When Ballln's agenoy heard of
the Mitchell committee, they Immediately put on 100 men and women as special operatives. They
were instructed to Join the I. W.
W„ in case they were uot already
member's. Spies ln this organization were ordered to dress ln old
overalls and old shoes and not to
shave. Spies in the various Communist parties wero allowed to
dress somewhat bettor, but Instructed to talk violently at all
times. They were especially urged
to pfeach the virtues of the "Red
Army," and to advocate the ovorthrow of tht United Statos army.
Operatives specializing on the Socialist Party were advised to dress
like middle class folks, and those
working In the A F. of L. to adopt
the customs and dress of the craft
to which they wert assigned.
For each of these operatives the
agency collected $10 a day trom
the committee. The spies were
paid )3 or M a day. When the hy
stcrta was at its height, 200 extra
men and womon wero "Investlgat
Ing Rods," says Ballin..
"These detective agencies do not,
of course, want reports of balls,
lectures and concerts, They do not
want a report that at such-und-such
a meeting motions were mado lo
pay such bills and arrange for such
a picnic. Your efforts must show
a conspiracy to overthrow the gov
ernment or yoy are discharged. If
thoro Is no conspiracy, you've got
to make a conspiracy Jn order to
hold your Job," So reads tho con-,
fesslon.
Bailln was In the I. W. W. headquarters when the raldefs descended upon it and was nrrested with
the othors. lie says he and "Spot"
Hoilly, who had the keys for that
duy, offered them to the raiders,
but wero told to "go to hell with
your keys." The invaders pulled
down, firo axes fr'om the walls and
smashed all the furniture. A detective finally released Bailln without arousing the interest of the
other prisoners. He had been offered full pay while In jail lf ho
would agree to be indicted ou the
charge of being an I. W. W. and
condemned, but ho refused,
The confession makes the open
charge that State's Attorney Hoyne
did not conduct the raids, but that
the private detective agenoy wai
tn charge. Ballin says he waa consulted by the manager of thli
agenoy aa to how .to Induce eome
of the prisoners to turn State's evidence. He claims this maa offered
him $1000 to take the stand himself, but that he refused.
The manager alio told him, according to the testimony, that tin
cigar manufacturers and olothlhf
manufacturers had contribute!
money for the Investigation, aad
that the Cigar Maken and Amalgamated Clothing Workert Unloni
woujd be raided.
GIVE A HAND
Befbn making a parchaaa, loot
up onr UM of advertiseia on page T,
and thea patraalse one of the*
and by no doing give Hie Feder*.
thmlst a boost.
A minimum wage decrease Issued
by the Workmen's Compensation
Bureau of the state ot North Dakota Is of Interest to telephone operaton. It provide! for a minimum
wage of $10.50 per week for a telephone operator who hai had alat
months' experience. Thoee . who
have not had nine months' experience before the wage rate, le eel
shall receive $11.00 as the beginning wage, $14.00 at the end ol
three months and $15.00 at the eai
ot six montha This wage award
affects all communities having I
population over 600. The experienced are protected against being die-
charged by the arbitrary limit by
the state of the percentage of employees ln any given exchange who
may be rated as inexperienced*
Detroit, M^ch.—Unions afflliated
with the Detroit Federation of Labor are voting on a referendum to
change Labor day from the flrst
Monday in September to the flnt
ot May.
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FRIDAT.... February ». Hit]
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
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TO
Lessons in Evolution Are
Given by Dr. Curry
in Vancouver
When Dr. Curry gave his third
lecture on the Evolution bt Man,
the F. L, P. hall was crowded.
Mrs. Rose Henderson presided,
and made some preliminary Remarks regarding the importance
of the workers understanding
something of their hiBtory and the
principals of evolution.
W. J. Curry then took up the
subject of the evening "Fr'om the
Smallest and Largest Forms ot
Life."
Protoplasm is the physical basis of life, but the amoeba represents the unit of vital organization.
The amoeba consists of a single
cell. It contains an enveloping
membrane, or skin, a body of protoplasm and a vital point or neuc-
leus. This means division of labor, which constitutes organization.
The speakor then hung up a
lai'ge paper containing drawings
and texts representing the chief
points for the evening's lessson.
He described how this germ cell
or ovum multiplied by division, by
drawing in at the centre more and
more until the one became two,
each  like  the  original,  then the
Health Is Wealth
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CHIROPRACTIC, HYDROTHERAPY, DIET
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two became four, the four eight,
and so on.
In the amoeba these cells separ<
ated each being a fully developed
organism.
All Life Starts With the Cell
The speaker showed drawings
from Hackel's "Evolution of Man,"
first the amoeba, then the ovum
or egg from the lowest to the highest forms of life. There wis the
germ cell of the sponge of the
crab, the ovum of the cat, the
trout, the chicken and the ovum
of man, the germ which king and
surf, masted and slave, saint and
sinner all grow, and in form and
material this seed from which the
lowest and highest life comes are
all the same; a wonderful evidence
of the evolution of man.
Little wonder that these great
facie of life are kept from the
common people. That It is "forbidden fruit" held by the gods!
The human gertn, whloh develops in the ovaries of the woman Is in size, and construction,
like all others. The natural size
of the one taken from Hakel's
works would be something less
than one two-hundredths of an
Inch ln diameter.
But although the amoeba reproduces by division, and male and
female elements are in a sense
combined, it is different in the
multicellular forms of life. In
these shown there must be both
the male and female germ united
in order that propagation may take
place, and without this union fertilization and reproduction is Impossible.
The Male Element
The chart last Monday showed
the male cell or spermatozoea from
dog, rabbit, ape and man. Hackel
shows these magnified one thousand times, and as far as appearance nnd construction are concerned, there ls no difference; It Is a
tiny cell, with a long tail essential
for working Its way into the ovum.
Yet there Is a great difference In
the potential powers of each.
Each of these germs, when fertilized and developed, go up the
various steps of growth until they
reach the stage of their parents.
The amoeba stays where it was,
but the others go on up. The crab
ovum develops to the crab, the
trout to the tr'out, and the human
ovum, although It begins just
where the others did, goes on up
the great ladder of life, and becomes a man or woman.
The speaker also stated that this
great truth demonstrated by Hackel, and known as the "Blogentic
Law," proved that the development
of any form of life of the Indlvl-
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dual Is a short edition of the whole
course of growth ot that individual
from the flrst form of life which
appeared on earth. The flrst go*
ing through these stages in a few
days or months, the other occupying millions of years-
The speaker then briefly showed
the main stages of life, which science formulated. The amoeba was
complete. The next was Represented by the gastrula of the sponge.
There the cells held together. This
mass of cells became hollow or
cup-shaped. This was further organization. The outer cells became
the covering, the inner layer became the stomach cells to absorb
food brought into the gastrula by
the water*.
The gastrula evolved and became a worm, a simple tube open
at both ends.
Then the flsh appeared first without bone then a backbone formed,
and the vertebrae had arrived. ThlB
process occupied millions of years.
Forced on Shore
The seas became over-populated.
Teeth developed and soon qpme
flsh were driven on land. Snails
became Insects, some cells fastened
onto the sea bottom and so vegetable life began.
How Legs Developed
Marine life forced on land either
died  or. began  to  use  their  air-
bladder for breathing purposes.
These air tubes in time became
lungs and so the amphibian and
land animal were born.
There ate today In Australia,
fish that breathe, air and walk on
their fins and this points to the
evolution of lungs and legs; and
fossils also have shown links between flsh and land animals. The
four flne became the four limbs,
and thc fins rays the toes. There
are many links or "living fossils"
living today.
Coming of the Reptile
The amphibian lost his gills ln
time, and became a reptile. Tree-
cl lmbers developed to get away
from their* foes. Then these enemies learned to chase their food up
a tree and jumping became plaining, and plaining grew membrane
between the fore legs, and body
and bats and bltda developed.
This process required millions of
years, and today the theory of
Hugo DeVIres of "Evolution by
Mutation," or* sudden jump Instead
of slow growth by "natural selection" is receiving general acceptance.
During these ages the earth was
all tropical, great warm shallow
seas and rank vegetation meant
rapid growth of animal life, and
the monster r*eptlle appeared.
In the British Museum may be
seen some, of these restored fossils. Last Monday in the F. L. P.
hall, was Boen In outline a drawing
of some of these. The Brontosau
ras one of these reptiles ls 60 feet
long, another is 80 and another 160
feet long, the largest products of
animal life ever grown on earth,
During this period, the giant fern
developed, and the carboniferous
period, which lasted a million years
laid the basis of the coal mines,
which the barons of British Columbia are today monopolizing.
An ice age came, and one Is coming. A glacial period due to the
throwing up of gteat mountain
ranges, came, and this monstrous
race of reptiles perished.
They had too much appetite, and
too little brain to adapt themselves
to a cold climate, or to move to a
warmer; a 20-ton specimen had a
cranium capacity the size of a
man's fist, and some of tho smaller
quicker, br'alnier specimens carried
on the stream of life, and enabled
us to be here today.
So it ls now. The same laws of
life still prevail, and a social economic Ice age for the human family Is coming. In Russia it has already come. There, the specimens
which have basked ln the sun and
bathed ln the farm seas which has
fed high and worked Uttle, has almost disappeared, with his prototype the reptile, Brontosau r"as. The
age for the btg stomach and small
brain, and also the strong back and
weak head Ib passing.   Let it go.
Meeting of i iivtnployed on Cambie Street Grounds, Vancouver, last Sunday.   At least 6000 were present.
MOCK PARLIAMENT
FOR LABOR LEAGUE
King Edward High School Debating Society Take Part of
tlio Government
The King Edward High School
Debating Society has accepted the
offer of the Junior Labor League,
and will form the government in a
Mock Parliament In which the
Junior Labor League will act as
the opposition, the government to
Introduce one bill and the opposition one.
The date for opening has not yet
boen arranged. It is expected that
tho auditorium of the school will
be made available for this event.
Last year, the J. L. L. held a Mock
Parliament with their own .numbers forming all the factions represented in the House and much
beneflt was derived from the debates on the various measures at
that time.
The league will hold its regular
monthly business meeting tonight
(Friday) at 929 Eleventh street
east. Next Friday evening, at 7:80
o'clock, the regular educational
meeting will bc held at 2147 Third
avenue west, wh^en Mrs. Rose Henderson will address the members.
The economic class, which the
league Ib just beginning, will meet
at 2 p.m. Sunday afternoon, in the
F. L. P. hall, 14 Cordbva street
west. All young people between
the ages of 16 and 25 are welcome
to attend any of those meetings.
Woodsworth at the
Columbia Sunday
(Continued from page 1)
NEW WESTMINSTER
TEACHERS WW
School Bonrd Ajctth to Meet tbe
Teachers Amo. to Discuss i
Wage Scale
, After being on strike for one week
the Bchool teachers of New Westminster gained their point after-a
conference held last Saturday between the Teachers Association asd
the School Trusteea The board
has agreed to recognize the Teachers Association; adjust the wages
either through a committee of the
teachers or by arbitration, and no
teacher shall be dismissed .far any
action taken In the strike.
King's Cafe Unfnir
The Hotel and Restaurnnt Employees' Unton has placel the
Klnfi's Cafe, 212 Carrall Street, on
the unfair list. The union has rent
W. McKenzle over to Victoria to
look after the Interosts of the
membership ln the prpposed liquor
bill. As soon as McKenzle returns
his report will be made, to a mass
meeting.
WE NEED IT NOW
Wlitle May Day lias been set as
the dosing date for tlie raising of
$5,000 for the Federatlonist, It
should be understood Hint we need
R NOW.
Times are hard. That ls one
reason why the B. C. Federationist
Is now ln need of help. Do your
bit.
A great many have responded to
our appeal for financial help, but
there are many yet to be heard
from.   Are you one.
This is our flrst appeal for help.
If you respond now the Federatlonist Is not likely to have to make
another.
Receipts for our maintenance
fund are Issued ln denominations
of fl, |2 and $5. Send for one
today,
The Federations Aa not received any of that Bolsheviki
^noney which the capitalist press
has alleged to be ln circulation,
hence our appeal for funds.
Game 7" In opening, the speaker
read a statement from the Saturday Sun, on the Father and Son
movement, Mth banquets that are
being held this week, whilst the
banquet angle may be quite a drawing card to the unemployed, that
the F. L. P. had a greater movement than Father and Son movement. Citing the various branches
which included Sundny schools,
Junior Labor League, with their
new economic class with no "leader," but they were going to educate themselves. The classes in
biology, etc., by Dr. Curry; Mrs.
Rose Henderson's Wednesday
night lectures, the Thursday speakers' class and the Saturday night
social get-togethers, alternating;
one week whist drive and dance,
and the other social and dance—
where there was. a regular family
gathering, void of all unnecessary
red' tape and needless ceremony;
meeting as members of one big family.
Many pointed quostions were
placed to the audience by no means
the least being, were they playing
the game with the Sunday afternoon employed and unemployed
demonstrations? Were they wallflowers or ornamenting the sidewalk or were they in the ranks?
Did they who were fortunately owning a job recognize how essential
It was to line up with the unemployed It thuy expected to hold said
job? He pleaded that internal dissension-should be tabooed. Citing,
by way of illusstrntlon, that the
workers were en route from Wib-
bleton to Wabbleton, which was
14 miles, and deprecating the stupidity of those who when they had
covered quite a portion of the distance, who wasted valuable time at
a> certain juncture in the different
roadS to Wobbleton, bitterly quarreling as to the merits of the various roads leading to the go"l. Arrl-
mony ensuing, and valuable time
thereby being wasted, Wobbleton
was the final goal which we all
wanted which ■ waB the absolute
overthrow of the present accursed
system with its rotten attendant
evils; unemployment, etc.
The speaker made a striking
contrast of the bourgeois vs. the
workers homes. The former being
oh the hill in beauty and splendor,
where the' stork was too lazy to
carry many children at most never
more than two, a boy ahd girl. The
stork had the happy faculty of
dropping his load in the home of
the workers in the mud flats. After
depicting the two scenes, the mother who brought her children up
via" the nurse and the Incubator
route, and the mother who was always with her offspring, making
all tho sacrifices that she does; even
to denying herself-food and clothing for her young. He forcibly
stated that if there were degrees in
love, and there surely was ln his
opinion, which mother had the
greater love for her offspring? It
was most assuredly she who had
made all the sacrifices. He believed It was proper that the managers
should have good hours. But he
asked were the workers ever going to be so wanting in backbone
and guts that they would not demand a home that wasn't a travesty on the name for their own loved
ones?
War promises were dealt with,
and also those Who were anti-war
during the war. How he was one
of "the ignoble 28" mentioned in
the Sun editorial of 1915, when the
Canadian Trades Congress met in
this city, he was anti-war then and
he was bo now, and wondered how
many of the a\idience would follow
the  martial  call  of the bagpipes
Charge Officials With
Betrayal of Labor
(Continued from page 1)
Legere stated that the One Big
Union movement is gaining ground
everywhere, because It is a movement of the rank and file of Labor,
and alms to take the control of
Labor union affairs out of the hand
of the Labor officials.
Legere Is' ln Lynn to address a
meeting Sunday afternoon under
the auspices of the Lynn.Chamber
of Labor upon the One Big Union,
The meeting will be held In Lester's
Hall, 34 Andrew street, at 8:30 p.
m„ and workers In the Lynn Labor
movement expect a record-break'
ing crowd to attend as interest in
the One Big Union has grown in
Lynn since the Salem convention
last month.
J. Harrington to Speak
at the  Empress
(Continued from Page 1)
GET IN THE FIGHT
When there Is a fight on the nun
who gets ln and digs Is the one that
we Uke. Get In now and dig, by
patronizing The Federatlonist ad-
vertlsers.
LARGEST   MEN'S-STOKE  IN  THE  WEST
Some of our
Spring Clothing
values- for men
AT THE NEW PRICES
Suits for Men
and Young Men
OCR Spring suit values arc more than Just
remarkable—they give you maximum return for your monoy, in style, ln quality, in
longest life at lowest cost.
$34.75
ODD PANTS
Begular to $10
$5.45
PARAMATTA OOATS
Greatly reduced
$15
"Your Money'* Worth or Tour Money Baok
Wm. Dick
LIMITED
45-47-49 Hastings Street East
B. C. Electric Has.
Forced Out Electricians
(Continued from page 1)
In 15 per cent- of the cost of living compared with their 1914 stan-
dard, bo that a profound knowledge
of mathematics is not necessary to
note that they are still 12 per
cent, behind their desideratum.
The company claims that they
are paying as high, if not higher
wages, than most of the companies
back East, but they fall to add
that the B. C. Electric lighting
rates are G to 11 cents per K.W.
Hour against Calgary 4 to 5 cents,
Winnipeg 3 cents, Toronto 2.7
cents, Montreal Light & Power, 2
to 5 cents. This is an average of
3,3 cents per K. W. Hour against
the B. C. Electric average of 8.5
cents. These are the rates prevailing In 1920 and can easily be
verified by referring to "Electric
Generation and Distribution," Issued by the commission of conser
vat ion.
A POINT TO REMEMBER
Some merchants in town do not
think your custom Is much use to
them, or they would advertise their
wares ln The Federationist to secure your trade. Reemmber this
when you are about to make a pur<
cluiso.
to the Orient lf thero should be an
other war menace picture lavishly
brought to our attention.
We sure had the war promises
fulfilled, and instead of getting democracy, we had got "profltacy" to
the full. "Do your bit." "Give
until ,it hurts," "Your king and
country needs you," etc., were now
never mentioned by four-minute
speakers.
Referring to the growing army
of unemployed and the fact that
"Honest" John had told a South
Vancouver delegation that he had
had no time to think of the unemployed question. The speaker suggested that that was evidently the
case, for we found the British government and the Federal government had at least had the matter
mentioned In the speech from the
throne, but in the B. C. famouB
speech, unemployment was not
evon mentioned. "John" had told
his frienda In the Delta, however,
that he was not going to take away
their hard-earned savings to give
to those who would not provide for
themselves (meaning of course, the
unemployed), but said the speaker
if the Sunduy afternoon demonstrations go on, John Is going to think,
for the food and clothing Is In the
warehouses and our wives and
children are going to eat,
A, special appeal was made to
the "backslider" ln the party, to
come forward and play thc game,
and that If In a short space of time
the present acute employment situation was comparatively allcvlat-
ed, that tho workers not Cr.rgct
that tt was up to them to still play
the gamo, to the end that the system be changed.
Question time afforded some Interest, particularly so when ono
questioner went back to a statement the press had accused the
speaker of making at Ottawa some
years ago, to the effect that he
would rather his children play with
foreign than British-bom children.
Rees very warmly spoke of press
coloring, and stated that he was an
Internationalist during the war,
and was still the same. He did
state during the war, when it
needed guts to say it, that he would
just as soon, his children play with
certain foreign-born as Britishers
and he bo stated again at this time,
a atatement which met with the
hearty approval of the audience.
The splendid meeting closed with
hearty singing of the Red Flag.
Comrade Woodsworth will speak
on Sunday.
The speaker paid great tribute
to the solidarity of the workerB in
Nova Scotia. The western people,
and especially we ln British Columbia, had been prone to call those
of the East very reactionary, but
notwithstanding religious strife,
which fortunately is fast dying,
they had, tn their last Provincial
election ln Capo Breton, put four
Labor men up for election, and had
elected all four by handsome majorities. In this we would have to
take our cap ofl to Nova Scotia
Tbe Largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store In the Wert.
Williams
Solid Leather
Work Boot
$6.45
'A Boot made to resist the wet and stand up under tha
hardest kind of wear. Guaranteed solid throughout.
Specially priced 	
SHOE SATISFACTION AT A PAIK PRICE
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
LIMITED
MEN'S SHOE SPECIALISTS
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
audience that the function of the
Scientific Socialist Is to explain the
development of human society. He
referred to the relations existing
between the great capitalist nations prior to the outbreak of war
in 1914, the effects of which we
have not yet recovered from. And
now there were unmistakable signs
that another struggle was being
prepared for by the victor, of the
laat war, as witness the increase
of armies and navies, and the experiments being carried out with
deadly gases for military purposes.
The speaker then dealt with the
causes which inevitably bring
about a state of war; diminishing
markets, Increasing productivity of
labor, and the continually decreasing share which Labor receives of
that wealth which lt produces. He
then spoke of the struggle going
on for the control of the sources
of oil supply, which would be of
vital .Importance in the future. He
also referred to the decline and disappearance of thc ancient civilizations, and the possibility of modern
Bociety suffering a similar fate.
Capitalism had developed from a
previous and totally different form
of society; it has now reached its
full growth and wns destined to
give place to something else. He
urged the audience to study and
make ready for the coming change
as the workers alone were capable
of building up a more equitable social order.
Comrado Jack Kavanagh was
then called upon, and his remarks,
which were both instructive and
humorous, were listened to with
close attention. He spoke ln support of some of the previous speakers' statements about the possibility of another war descending upon
us, and pointedly referred to the
large number of young men of
military age among the audience.
He referred to the Bpirit of optimism expressed In a recent article
appearing in the Vancouver Morning Sun, anent the approach of a
great revival ln trade and Industry, which might como as a result
of the great Influx of emigrants
from the United Kingdom* which
was now beginning. He also referred to the state of unemployment In' Great Britain, giving figures ln support of his statements.
In referring to the huge unemployed parade and the meeting held on
the Cambie street grounds fn the
afternoon, he remarked (upon the
great number of ex-service mon
who took part. They had recently
fought for democracy, and now
were beginning to realize what democracy meant to them. The only
way in which this question of unemployment could be solved was
by Intelligent working class action.
There were two classes of unemployed, the Idle rich, surrounded
by every comfort and luxury. The
other class was composed of the
real wealth producors, who at present were not needed in Industry,
and who only lived by means of
charitable doles grudgingly served
out'to them.
He instanced the expensive habits of the capitalist class in contrast
to those of the workers, his remarks causing much laughter
among the audience. Dealing with
the profits made during the war
by the big corporations In tho
United States, he quoted some amazing figures, and showed that only
by tho toll and sweat of tho working class, did this great volume of
wealth come Into oxlstenco. But
we were now living In a revolutionary period, and he warned tho
workers against the agents provocateur, and trouble makors, whom
the ruling class wero using now,
as they had used them in previoui
periods of unrest The example
of the Russian workers was having a profound Influence upon the
minds of the workers In all countries. ' Bom out of necessity, the
Soviet Idea was developing, and
given a continuance of the present
state of trade slackness, and the
consequent unemployment, Increasing solidarity and discipline among
the workers was of the utmost importance to thetr future welfare.
So that when the time comes, and
the slaves of capitalism must challenge thetr masters' right to rule
and to rob them, victory would
come, and the right to take the full
product of their toil. The speaker
appealed to his audience to take
more interest in their own affairs,
and to play their part in the class
war.
Numerous questions were asked
and answered, and Just before tha
meeting closed, Comrade Kavanagh called for a collection to bt
taken up for the beneflt of ibo
chairman, Comrade D, fl. Browett,
so that he would not flnd himself
penniless tn the country to which .
the immigrant authoritiei were
about to deport him. The collection was made, and the aum of
$114 was handed over to Comrade
Browett, who ln a neat speech,
thanked the audience for their generous response on his behalf,
'The speaker next Sunday night
wtll be J. Harrington.
GIVE A HAND
Before making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize one of them,
and by so doing give Mie Federationist a boost
Five dollars need not be the limit
to your donation.   Who will i
lt $50 or $100?
The Ave Petrograd Sovet tobacco
factories turned out 1,000,000,000
cigarettes in December.
New National Hotel
900 Outalde Boonu
Special Rates by the Week
I'll.  Sey. 7*30—1221 Granville
i
TAXI
SWAN TAXI
Central Hotel
42 CORDOVA St. B.
Phone Sey. 0563
Might—Phone High. 4>SX
M. SWANSON
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MA8SEUR
Kpoelillat In   Eloctrical   Trsstrntnti,
Violet Ray and High  Frequency for
Khoumatiiim, Sciatica, Lumbago, Par*
alysis, Hair  and   ticalp   Tntatmanti,
Chronic Ailments.
510-311 CARTER-COTTON BLDO.
{     Phone Seymour 2048
198 Hastings Street Watt
SUITS
Keenly Priced
$23.65   $29.65   $33.75
C. D. Bruce
LIMIT
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets
LIMITED

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