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British Columbia Federationist Nov 28, 1924

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Array BRITI
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   No. 48
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 28,1924
5c A COPY
I CIVIC ELECTION
Labor Will be Well Represented
When Election Ballots are
Marked
SIX WARDS ARE CONTESTED
Candidates for Alderman, Sohool
Board and also Board of Park
Commissioners
H^HE city elections this year should
have more interest for that large
section of the city's population known
as the working class than such elections usually have.
This is because this year an
effort has been made to contest nearly every seat on the council, all seats
vacant on the school board and one
of thc seats for park commissioners.
This leaves only the mayoralty and
two aldermanic seats  uncontested.
This is exactly in line with the
policy of the Federated Labor party
Ever since we organized in 1918, we
have had one or more candidates in
the field every year and this year
only one of the candidates running
have been put forward by the F. L. P.
and endorsed by the Canadian Labor party, Angus Maclnnis, aldermanic candidate for Ward VIII.
Some of the other candidates are
members of the party; hut bave re>
ceived their nominations from other
organizations to which they belong.
Labor need make no apologies for
entering municipal politics ns an organized body. Political representa-
tion regardless of time or place has
always been an expression of certain
oconomic Interests. The irrepressible
conflict between capital (ind lajior
shows itself in every phase of human
activity and nothing is guined and
much may be lost by trying to hide
it.
Having a common platform, and
a common code of principles is also
an advantage to the working class,
In the first place should any of the
labor candidates be elected they will
not be left entirely on their own to
decide what attitude they should
take towards any question which
might arise during their term of
olllce. They would hnve the general
principles of tho party's municipal
programme to guide them and, in
case of doubt, an organized body with
which they may confer.
But the important point to remember is that the election of labor representation is not the chief function
of a working class party.
The workers must always bear in
mind that the cause of their cramped
and miserable existence is not due
to the fact that they have no .representation on the legislative and administrative bodies, but because of
the constitution of society itself. As
long as the basis of society remains
as at prosent the processes of production must be fettered in order
that a profit may accrue to the owners of tlie machinery of production.
This restriction of production reacts
to the detriment of the wago workers.
The tnjsk, then, .confronting the
working class is the intelligent ordering and regulating of the means
of production so that all sections of
society may receive according to their
noeds. To put it briefly this means
the socialization of the means of life,
In order to accomplish that the;
working class must get control of the
powers of the stnte—The government. But before they can do that
they must seo the necessity of, and
have the desire and will for n larger life.
The sail debasement of conditions
under capitalism will create tho necessity; and it is the function of labor parties to stimulate will and desire by keeping always before the
minds of the workers the almost unlimited possibilities of the productive forces to administer to their welfare If intelligently directed to that
end.
A great deal nf the value of working ciass representation is that It
draws tlio attention of the workers
from their muster's representatives
to their own. Upon the elected representative of the working class,
then, devolves the high responsibility of so conducting himself that the
confidence of his class may be gained.
We cannot design and follow the
plan for the co-operative commonwealth the saime as wo would a
structure Into which only inert material enters.
Into the building 0f a human society enters all of tho human factors; hope, fear, prejudice, superstition and the various states of
mind which play a part in governing tho actions of the human being.
The trend of society is, however,
unmistakably towards socialism, our
duty is to accelerate its flow.
Mr. Stanton Loses Life
Mr. J. H.  Stanton,    formerly    of
; Rossland,  B,  C„  was  killed  recently
in California.   He hnd been employed
I at  diamond-drilling,  south    of    Los
Angeles.
It Is not onough to tako steps which
I may some dny lead to a goal; each
step must itself be a goal and a step
likewise.—Goethe,
Man is born ln chains,  but, is ever
L struggling to be   free.—L.   T,   Hob-
house.
Unemployment—Its Cause; Its
Effect; Its Cure'
.•»>
Will be the subject of an address by
1%. Lyle Telford
ROYAL   THEATR!
Sun&%> Evening, Nov. 30
\ ' At 8 p.m.
Mrs. Rose Henderson will occupy the chair.
Kindly take notice that the time pf meeting has been altered
to 8 p.m., instead of 7.30 p.m. as usual.
Analysis of Voting Strength of
Labor in This Constituency
EDUCATION  IS   NECESSARY
Early History of the
Birth Control Movement
[By A. M. Stephen]
^PHE birth control movement had
its origin in the utilitarian concepts of Dr. Malthus. It is therefore, a mistake to look upon the present movement, headed by Mrs. Margaret Sangstej" and her colleagues, as
the pioneer effort in this field of
action. As early as 1798, the "Eb-
say on the Principles of Population"
was. published, and deservedly occupied the atention of all serious
students of economics. . The main
thesis of his work was his famous
dictum that "the tendency of population is to increase faster than the
means of subsistence." Granting the
correctness of the conclusion of Malthus, society Is faced by two all-important problems, namely, the development of improved and efficient
methods oi* increasing the food supply or preventive measures to restrict increase of population. Dr.
Malthus suggested "moral restraint"
in the production of off-spring, and is
thus entitled to' be considered the
"father of the birth oontrol move
ment." Industrial statistics were not
so easily obtainable 'In 1798 as at
Present. Therefore, it is not sur
prising that Malthus made some vital
mistakes. What he termed his "Law
of Population" was later discerned to
be the "Law or Capitalist Accumula
tion." Moreover, he was blind to the
development of scientific agriculture
and the opening of new areas in all
parts of the world owing to the perfection   of   modern   transportation.
To .James Mill must be given credit
for the first open suggestion to the
English public that contraceptive
methods should be practiced. In
1818, in an article entitled "Colony"
which appeared in the Encyclopaedia
Brltannica he advocated the wisdom
of artificial restriction of population.
But it was not until 1823 thnt tho
active propaganda began with Francis Place as leader. In this year]
there was circulated a leaflet addressed "To the Married of Both Sexes."
It was couched In plain language and
bluntly described methods of prevention. The journals of the dayj
anil all ranks of society were agitated by heated discussions of the
pamphlet which becamo known asj
"The    Diabolical    Handbill."      Inci-
F.LP.
Malcolm Macdonald Entertained
by Party at a Most Enjoyable
Social Function
There was enjoyed on Wednesday evening by the members of
the Federated Labor party and
friends, a most enjoyable supper and
dance given in honor of Malcolm
Macdonald,
After the supper Comrade Macdonald gave a short, but most interesting address on the status of the labor movement in England. He referred to the phenomenal growth of the
party, which, only a few years ago
was represented by a small group in
the British houso of commons, and
which to-day is the second largest,
boen reduced to the vanishing point,
party,    whilo    the  liberal  party  had
Mr. Macdonald touched on the in-,
ternatlonal relationships and how,
even with but a minority socialist
government in—both England nnd |
France, wo got a glimpse of what1
socialism will do to develop a friendly feeling between tho nations of the
world wben its adherents really gain
control.
The future of the labor movement
was, Mr. Macdonald said, assured.
As yet it is but in ils infancy, but ere
many years it will be in tho ascend-
oncy. Long after we are dead and
gone, the ideals of labor will be carried forward by others wbo have tho
Interests of humanity at hoart. The
movement wns referred to in ils
world wide aspect and how its aims
and ideals wero the same tho world
over.
During lbe evening Mrs, Lyle
Telford delighted thoso gathered, with
the rendering of two solos entitled
'Coming Homo" and "Santa Lucia."
f dentally, Kober t Owen and John
Stuart Mill were for a time under suspicion both us to the authorship and
circulation of this famous little
tract. Distinguished friends of Francis Place ranged themselves for and
against him, one of them, Bichard
Carlile bitterly attacking him "because the knowledge might encourage
illicit relationships among the poor."
Place's fearless reply merits notice.
He said, "There is no chastity among
the absolutely poor. . . . The conditions of existence make it almost
an impossibility. . . . Our population crushes down wages, so that
girls grow up In squalid poverty and
men dare not marry. . . . Prostitution Is the extreme misery wasting
the lives of its immediate victims, and
perverting, in all whom it touches,
the whole attitude of men towards
women." Place put his finger upon
the cancer spot in modern society,
namely, its complete vulgarization of
sex.
Curiously enough, Richard Carlile
later became a convert to Birth Con
trol and his "l_!very Woman's Book/
issued in 1826 became a text-book
among the propagandists. Robert
Dale Owon, in America, was attacked
for expressing approval of this book
anil in consequence wrote the finest
work upon ihe whole subject pub
Ifshed to that date. His "Moral
Philosophy" Is still a classic.
Following Owen, the movement
languished because of the fact that
England was experiencing a condition of comparative freedom from
pressing economic conditions. However the ideal was was kept alive by
Dr. Knowlton's "Fruits of Philosophy," published in 1833 and Dr.
Drysdole's "Elements of Soeial
Science" issued in 1854. During tho
period from 1876 to 1878, a most1
remarkable revival of Interest in
Birth Control was arousod when
Charles Bradluugh and Anne Besant
occupied tho lime-tight In their
famous legal »controversy centred
about the right of the citizen to circulate knowledge of contraceptive
methods. The modern Nco-MalthUB-
ian Movement in England is the natural successor to this renewal of interest.
However, it is in America that the
present movement has Its strongest
nucleus of supporters who, under the
able leadership of Margaret. Sanger,
havo carried their propaganda, into
every civlllaed country in the world
a nd have ra Hied tho progressive
leaders of thought to participate act-
tKelly In tbe work. This modern
movement, possessed of greater wisdom and loftier ethical ideals, will be
dealt  with  in  a succeeding article.
Malcolm   Mmtidiialii   Will  Speak  to
BiirnN   Fellowship
Vancouver will have another opportunity to bear Malcolm Macdonald, whose eloquence thrilled a capacity audience at tbe Oxford debate
In Wesley church nn Monday evening.
Mr. Macdonald, acceding to the request of the Vancouver Burns Fellowship, will address n meeting in the
First Presbyterian church this (Friday) evening, when Scotsmen are expected to gather thero in large numbers. The subject of Mr. Macdonald's remarks will bo "In Scotland
To-day"; undoubtedly familiar with
the theme of his address, a deeply interesting and masterly exposition may
well be expected. President P. McA.
Carrlck will be in the choir, and a
brief musical programme will be
provided. The tickets are being
looked after by tho Oeorgia Pharmacy. Tliis is the first public meeting arranged under the auspices of
Vanouver Burns Fellowship, only recently organized, and It Is hoped that
largo numbers will avail themselves
of tbe opportunity to hear Malcolm
Macdonald,
Di*.  Curry's  Lectures
"The material basis of the Universe" will be the subject of the lecture given in the ground hall floor,
319 Pender street, west, on Friday
evening1 at 8 p.m.
Many interesting pictures will bo
shown on *he screen. All interested
are Invited to attend.
Old Parties Have Well Organized
Political and Electioneering
Machines
fpHe Labor party group of New
Westminster has.come into; being
as labor's central organ for political
action and the dissemination of propaganda and education. It is primarily built to give service to both organized and unorganized labor, and
one of its first moves towards this
objective was a critical analysis of
the actual as well as the possible voting strength of labor in this constituency.
The    following    interesting    data
was  collected,   based   on  figures   as'
disclosed at tlie last provincial election,  and  supplemented with  a sur
vey of the possible voting strength.
The Labor candidate polled
  678 votes
The candidates of the Conservatives, Liberals and
Progressives  polled     3312 voteB
Total   votes  cast  3990    ,
Registered as voters  5700   ,
On voter's list, not voting 1710   ,
Population New Westminster City about  18000   ,
Assuming those under
age   6000
Foreigners, sick and
absent       2000
On  voter's list  5700
13700
13700
Eligible t4> vote not
registered         5300
18000
Allowing even a very generous
deduction from this figure for dissentients it must still be admitted that
tbis is a very latent force.
We aro fully justified in claiming
that tlie larger percentage of "these
5300 eligibles plus those that did not
vote but had the franchise, i.e., 1700,
making a total of 7000 rightly be
longing to labor.
The old parties have a well or
ganized political and electioneering!
machines and can mobilize the electors to a far greater percentage thail
labor. In fact, iu this particular
field, Labor has never been active.
Here, therefore, is lho greatest scope
of activity for the Labor party of
New Westminster; the registration of|
these 5000 eligibles and tho education
of the 7000 individuals. We concede
that an efficiency of 100% in thlsj
direction is out of the question for
reasons obvious to all students of
the labor movement.
The amount of labor votes that can
be won from this group of 7000 individuals depends ou the sincerity,
sense of duty, willingness and enthusiasm of the active members of
the Labor party aided by co-operation of the labor unions and other
bodies and Individuals in sympathy
with the cause of labor, and thc added facilities which must be secured,
giving tbo widest opportunity for
these unregistered eligibles to register and vole. Education has then
to do its Important work.
The Labor party group of New
Westminster is of the opinion that
similar conditions with respect
latent and as yet undeveloped voting
power must exist in Vancouvor and
other cities and municipalities and
holies that surveys lie instituted and
analogous work undertaken. It is
hard spade work but tho result of
such work in this virgin fiold Js obvious.
Wo invite an expression of opinion.
THE LABOIl PARTY OF NEW
WESTMINSTER.
JOIN THE
Federated
Labor Party
TP YOU subscribe to the
•*■ principles for which the
P. L. P. stands, write your
name and address plainly
below, and send to Secretary Federated Labor Party,
Room 111, 319 Pender West,
Federated Labor Party Pamphlets
-THE Federated Labor Party of British Columbia has com-
•I* meneed the publication of pamphlets dealing with matters pertaining to labor, either directly or indirectly.
It is hoped that the party will bc able, in the near future,
to have pamphlets issued dealing with such matters as "Unemployment," "Education and the Labor Movement,"
"Banking and Credit," "Taxation," "International Relationships," and other kindred subjects.
The two following pamphlets arc just off the press:
Startling Disclosures on Child Immigration
Price 5 cents
RUSSIA TODAY
(By Mrs. Rose Henderson)
Prico 10 cents
Enquire of your Federationist agent locally.   If he has
no copies, then write directly to the Federated Labor Party
of British Columbia, 524 Birks Building, Vancouver, B. C
Interesting Sidelights on
the Week at Victoria
/"'LOSER acquaintance with mem-'
bers does not altogether reveal
the professional politician. A certain
percentage, particularly the lawyera
are of course nuite> obviously playing
a game. Another section, the well-
called hard-headed men of business
mentally confined to follow a pre
determined path in all questions labor under the delusion that they are
governing the country. While indulging in verbal pastimes there may be
sitting aloft in the gallery an agent
of the real dictatorship. Possibly of
Semitic extraction with a bid for the
P. G. E. or the next issue of B. C.
debentures in his pocket. His real
thoughts if an adding machine may
be said to think, would bc instructive.
Thc bulk of the members however
are small business men honestly endeavoring, according to their under
standing, to do the best for their con
stltuents.   So they in the intervals be
tween sittings  of  the  house and  its
mnny committees endeavor to secure
pensions,   compensations,   roads   and
all kinds of relief necessitated under
our socinl system for the aid of their
constituents  without    distinction
parly.
It Is customary for now members
to be congratulated by other members, wthijiil distinction of party, on
completing their maiden or any
lengthy speech, After a labor man
iiad spoken, tho conservative next to
him after paying the customary ap.
Precintion, added, qui to spontaneously, "and what you said was true."
He of course will vote with bis flork
but the realization gained by close
contact tbat labor representatives are
not insane and that what they say
moy bo true even if unpleasant may
help in the general education and
that is all that labor can be expected
to do in popular assemblies as at
present constituted.
Following the closure of the debate
on the address in reply to the Lieut-
tunnnt-Oovernor's speech there has
begun another general debate on the
budget. In both of these discussions
members have the right to debate
any question whatever that may in
their estimation bo of public interest. The theory in the latter case
being that the King is waiting for
parliament to vote supplies of money
for carrying on ibe affairs of stute
and thnt therefore his subject may
request redress of any grievances
bofore handing over the necessary
rredlt. Oovernment and opposition
therefore put on their usual Mutt
and Jen* performance. The budget
of course is really the work of the
permanent civil servants and not of
the finance minister who would require years of training lo deliver
ihe goods. Sueh being the ense the
terms would not vary If the position
of the parties were reversed—nevertheless lhe Illusion must be maintained and the document is attacked and
defended according to the line up- The
liberals not being held in hnnd quite
so tightly as in the previous debate
have accordingly let go their maiden
meditations in order that Tom and
.lorry in the homo town may be
suitably impressed with their efforts.
Neelands took the opportunity onco
again to refer to unemployment
pointing out that thc 7H0 men thrown
out bv the closing of the Fernle
mines would be left to starve by their
employers whilst the mine animals
would be maintained till wanted.
Mentioning the daily communications
he received from men who were nut
of work, he stated that the more
thc workers produced the greater
their need nnd urged lho necessity
of publie control.
From a purely political standpoint
powdbly the debate on the question
of flogging dope tralllcors was tho
most interesting. Tho question arose
Without much warning and labor de-
eldod to oppose on principle, risking
the possibility of being headlined ns
favoring the evildoers. Browne pointed out lhat profit was at the root of
the matter like most other evils. Ho
stated that It was self deception lo
[pretend thot I excessive punishment
would cure social ills and that longer
detention would at least prevent the
offender resuming trade immediately.
Furthermore  he    enquired     whether
OF
Unprejudiced   Critical   Analysis
Based Upon Enacted
Statutes
LAW AND ORGANIZED LABOB
Dominion Laws Relating" to Trades
Unions Intelligently
Discussed
[By James Aitken]
the mover of the resolution intended
to deal with women by means of the
lash and invited the lady member
for Vancouver to protest against
such discrimination between the
sexes. If flogging was a cure for
crime let us make it applicable to
all offences and have a crimeless
state. Mrs. Smith spoke up in all
the glory of her womanhood and
with the deep-est religious feeling
testified to her belief In the whip as
an inducement to both sexes to seek
a better way of life, ir some of the
punishment of the dark ages w
meted out to-day we should be better
off she added. Free and independ
ent| voters who desire to Install an
immediate New Jerusalem can therefore have early delivery by voting
liberal and plumping for Mary Ellen.
Cross oxamined as (to whether she
meant what she said, Mrs. Smith replied, why not? Being pressed still
further nnd beginning to realize her
error she evaded the question.
Dick Burde recited how In the
middle ages a man charged with
crime had one ear cut off. If charged agoin they clipped his second ear
and for tho third sin, poked out his
eyeballs and bored a hole through
his tongue. Ho feared that with the
passing of the Church Union Bill that
similar punishments would bo re-
i-h'ed. Mr. Speaker ruled him out
of  order.
Irresponsible nnd impudent luxury
is iiersoulfled by the Automobile
dub hnvo Influenced the introduction of a bill to increase the speort
limit, to drive decent car owners and
pedestrians off the highways and set
up special courts, doubtless oificered
by membera of the club to dischnrge
motor hooligans without a stain on
their character. Huge busses will be
Unwed to drivo through what are
practically city districts at 35 miles
per hour, hogging the centre of the
road, and earning dividends for absentee shareholders in traction and
funeral companion Labor voiced objection and obtained some support.
low many people are pleased with
their jobs? Very few! Most, do what
tbey have lo do to earn thoir living
becauso they "must live."—London
Justice.
DEBUTE Oil SOCIALISM
Interesting: Debate by the Oxford
Team—Socialism Favored by
Huge Majority
on ihe preliminary ballot taken
before the Oxford debate at Wesley
church on Monday evening, Socialism had 340 supporters, being _&%
of thoso voting. Anti-Socialism had
■17:' supporters, or 40$ and Hfii persons were undecided, The total preliminary vote was 1173.
The final ballot after debate showed that supporters of socialism Increased to 727, which wns «9% of
those voting and an incrense of 37%.
Socialists  In   the audience were
Anti-
then 3Q8 strong, which wns 34% or
the voters and a decrease of (1%
from tho preliminary ballot. Tho
total vole of the final nnllol was 1005.
It Will be evident that Malcolm Maedonald and his two able supporters
Mr. Craig and Mr. Kobe of tho I'll. C. did not speak In vain.
1 DO not intend in thli article
* either to attack or defend the present position of trade unions. My intention is to try to present to you,
as far as possible, an unprejudiced
critical analysis based upon enacted
statutes. This is a subject which
should Interest every trade unionist,
and upon which he should possess
some information. The laws may
not suit him, indeed .they seldom
do; but still if he truly wishes to
aid in solving the problems of trade
unions he must give some consideration to the statutes and co-operate
with his fellows through their representatives In an attempt to improve them.
Before discussing the statutes relating to trade unions I wish to suggest some of the fundamental
causes of the present awkward relations between organized labor and
law. The present laws have their
roots in eighteenth century thought.
That was the time when science was
demonstrating that the physical universe constituted an orderly und harmonious whole. The new social and
economio philosophy was based on
concepts of natural order and natural
law. These ideas were carried ovei
into the law and thus to-day we flnd
that the law assumes a fixed social
constitution, fixed social relationship*,
positive standards of right «_nd justice restli g on a natural older in
.which exist ihe natural and Inalienable rights of private property, Individual liberty, free contract and preconception. This suited society of the
eighteenth century at that moment,
but the relations very quickly changed while the fundamental basis of
the law did not. Thus to-day we
flnd thc law wholly individualized'
unable to be easily shaped to suit
present social relationships. The. •
siigegslions if borne In mind will
help to explain why the law courts
find it dlflluclt to treat trade unions
and other social bodies with perfect
justice. I might add tbat In recent
years we seo signs of a new concept in the law, the evolutionary.
This assumes a developing social
constitution, changing social relations and relative standards of right
and justice. In the future we may
expect gtreat boneflcinl results, but
as yot, however, this concept has not
radicaly affected the laws.
In studying the statutes governing tho relations between the law
and organized labor in Canada, the
natural beginning Is with the Trade
Union act of 1872. This act is often
spoken of as the Magna Carta In tho
field of labor. lt represents the
first successful attempt, after twenty-
live years of agitation, to'give unions
a legal status. Upon this act nearly
all others relating lo trnde unions'
have been built, expanding and qualifying It. In considering the Trade
Union act of 1872, let me quote the
most  outstanding sections:   No,   2—
purposes  of  any trade   union
by reason merely that they
in  restraint of trade, be deemed
unlawful, so as to render any
member of such trade union liable
to criminal prosecution for conspiracy
or otherwise." No 3.—"The purposes
of any trude union .shall not, by reason meroly that tbey are in restraint
of trade, be unlawful, so as to render
void  or voidable any agreement or
trust."    If we turn  now to the
inn! code,  we find thai
teets tho unionists further
spiraoy  charges.     Let
to the Trado  Union act,
"The
-ball m.t,
he
crlin-
518  pro-
aKiiist con-
now   turn
1880.     No.
any
this
ul     t
union
pur
ine*) Pageant uud International Pole.
The Women's International League
r Peace and Freedom are planning
vovy   charming   pageant and   fete,
which   win   take place on Saturday.
•ember f>,  In  the   Native   Sons of
inda hall. 570 Oranvllle street (upstairs),   both   afternoon   ami   evening.
:i   p.m.    and  K p.m.    In    the    peace
pageant about 50 children In various
national     costumes  will     danco   folk
dances and games, and girls in artistic"
.ostumes will  represent  Fairy flood-
vlll.  etc.    The international  fete will
om prise    booths     representing   ten
otintries with characteristic commodities Tor sale.   Tho tickets for adults
25c, children Ific, or 2 for 25c.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
<>   provides  thai   "any    trade
registered  under
ChaSc or lease Ini
acre and make any use they wish
of It. No, (i provides that "All real
and personal properly may be vested
fn (lie trustees— whoso property
may be stated to he. The Important
flection Is numbor 9, ft places unions
on un oqual footing with registered
business Corporation^ providing for
thr liability of trustees, accounts to
bo rendered yearly for inspection, re-
covory in ease of default, and orders
of restitution may be made If necessary.
There are, however, pertain offences connected with trade union
Combinations ami breaches of contract which somewliHt limit the
above. These limitations are very
Important] being found in Section
499 and Section 520 of the Criminal ('ode. Let us consider Section 4 9!)
flrst—It restricts unions from endangering life or property; cutting of
power, light, gas or water; interfering with tho carrying of mails. Tho
penalty for violation of this section
Us throe months Imprisonment'. I
might add, however, tbnt these provisions nro not such as to interfere
with tho actions and business of
n reasonable trade union. It moans
that arbitration must first bo resorted to. In British Columbia this is
covered by tho Labor Conciliation
(Continued on page 3) PAGE TWO
SIXTEENTH YEAR.    No.  48   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVBR. b. c.
FRIDAY November   28,  1924
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Btifneu »nd Editorial Office, 1129 Howt. at,
The policy of Tbe B. 0. Federationist Is
■ontrolled by the editorial board of .ths'Fed-
erated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Subscription Rate; United States and Foreign. $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
fear, $1.60 for six months; to Unions iub-
scribing in a body, 16c per member pei
month.  ___„__	
The  Federatlonist is on sale at  tbo  foi-
lowing news stands:
VANCOUVEB
E. J. GALLOWAY 010 Granville Street
NELSON'S NEWS STAND 	
   1071 Gwnyille Street
P. O. NEWS STAND 326 GranvUle Street
JOHN GREEN 205 Oarrall Street
INTEBNATIONAL BOOK STOBE 	
 Oor. HaBtings and Colombia Avenue
B.O.B.B. TBAM NEWS  _	
 _...Oor. Carrall and Hutingi Streets
LOVE'S NEWS STAND	
 _ 134 Hastingi Street Eut
WALTEB GALLOWAY
135 HssttniB^Street But
FLAOK BLOCS NEWS STAND
_ .....103 Hastlngi Street West
NEWS  STAND
that wo are in accord with all the
tactics that may have been adopted by
Russia and her present government.
Wo oan truthfully say that there are
but few sane individuals in this world
who will olaim that tbey are, or have
always been, in absolute accord with
the tactics adopted by our own gov-1
ernment, let alone the Russian gov-*
ernment.
If the only lesson that Russia has
taught the world has been written in
letters of blood then, why did not Sir
Donald Mann tell us a little about the
horrors he saw there? Why did not
the American senators tell us about
it? How was It that Mrs. Henderson
did not see some of these horrible
thlng3? Furthermore, how is it that
the Rusian government has withstood
the onslaughts of the outside world
for years and that instead of becom
Ing weaker she is gradually growing
stronger?
It would appear that tbe averuge
newspapor editor, on the pay-roll of
our capitalist press, has come to such
a stage in his existence that he can
not call his soul   his   own.    He has
'..Oor. Hastings and Abbott Struts
W. H. ABMSTBONO 2402 Mala Stmt        ^^_____________.____________.________________________._____________,
BEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP 421 Oruwille been forced to sell his birth-right for
BOULT'S BOOK STOBE....S13>/3 Gambit St.
OEOBOIA CONFECTIONERY...
  90$ Georgia Stntt WUt
3TBAND CONPECTIONEBY      .     	
 648 Georgia Street
PBOOHNATJ * GATES ...169 Broadway Eut
P. TUBNER 916 Main Strut
B. A WEBSTER 6993 Truer Strut
NORTH VANCOUVEB
SHOEMAKER ft McLBAN....5 Lonsdale Aft,
MEW WESTMINSTER
A. MUNGBAM 764 Columbia Strut
DEPOT NBW STAND Interortau Depot
DAN MACKENZIE Columbia Street
VICTORIA
GBEENHAUGH NEWS AGENOY.	
...Oor. Yatei ud Government
HOBSE SHOE STAND..1223 Government St.
W. LEVY 644 Yates Strut
NANAIMO
T. A. BARNARD 63 Commercial Street
POST ALBERNI
W. H. DENHAM. News Stand
PRINCE GEORGE
KARL ANDERSON .' News Stand
VERNON
EUGENE BELLEVUE Box 922
ALBERTA
VALLEY   CONFECTIONERY DramheUer
ALEXANDER NEWS STAND	
 204 Eighth Ave. W., Calgary
BOSTON HAT WORKS	
 109 Eighth Ave, W., Calgary
LABOB NEWS	
 808 Centre Street, Oalgary
NATIONAL NEWS 	
 304 First Street W., Calgary
STAB SMOKE SHOP 	
 126a Eighth Avo. -., Oalgary
UNION CIGAR STAND 	
 810 Second Street E.. Calgary
SASKATCHEWAN
LAYCOCK STOBES LTD Swift Current
SEATTLE, WASH.
ECKHABT NEWS STORE Seattle
FRIDAY November   28,  1924
the privilege of gaining a mere existence for himself and his dependents.
A. pretty state of affairs in this land
of liberty ! The creed of communism
may be right or it may be wrong, but
misrepresentation on the part of tho
daily press Is not solving that problem any more than any other problem
that we face.
H°
CAl'ITAUSM AND COMMUNITY '
CHEST,
'OW to make a city healthier, happier and safer! For information
and advice, apply to tlie editor of the
Vancouver Daily Sun. He states that
"Montreal has found that the community chest creates cheerful givers,
not barrassed business meu buying
freedom from annoyance as cheaply as
possible. ... A big comprehensive
community chest must be on Vancouver's programme for 11)25 if the
ity Is to keep abreast with others on
the continent."
It never appeared to the editor of
that printed sheet, it would seem,
that It might be a good idea to endeavor to find out why there was such
i great need for any form of charity
it. all, let alone a community chest.
The present system makes It possible
few to live in luxury while
others are forced by tho same system
to live on the verge of destitution.
When the latter unfortunate creatures
begin to feel the pinch too much, and
beenme rather threatening In their
attitude, then the fortunate few feel
that "In the name of charity they
must give a few of their hard-earned
(?) dollars to these unfortunate victims of circumstances." They are not
wiling to admit that the comforts,
tho luxuries, and the security that
they and their families enjoy in this
worid are being paid for by the "down
and outs," together with those who
are barely existing In this old world.
It is our present Individualistic and
competitive system which makes char-1
Ity a necessity—nothing more and,
nothing less. The sooner we alt real-,
Ize that the better. When we have'
production for uso and not for proflt
In any form, let alone
chest.
a community
9909
f
^nonnonnnj
????
o
QtESTOflOX*
>?9PL
?.???
BATTLEFOKD  FACES RUIN
A LITTLE  news  Item  appeared  on
one of the back pages of thc Daljj
Province the  other day,  thot is do
serving of a lot more space than tlmt
paper gave  it,  and  of a  great  more
prominence.
The   little   town of   Bnttleford in
Saskatchewan   owes   to   bondholders
the little sum of approximately $700,-
000, an& of this amount about $300,-
000 is now overdue.    What has hap-,
pened now ls that some of the bond-;
holders have gotten judgment against*
the town, and the residents, arc confronted with a possible levy of about1
640 mills,  or about 75  per cent,  of then there will be no need of charity
the total assessment.    A number of
the citizens waited on Premier Dunning and his cabinet, and as a result
of these overtures the premier wired
representatives of    the    bondholders
with a view to aranging a conference
between them and thc town officials,
in an endeavor.to effoct a compromise of the situation facing the citizens of Bnttleford.
This Is only tho beglnlng of many
similar events that are sure to occur
in other parts of  this  fair dominion
of ours.    We arc only commencing to
learn that we own nothing. Few of
us do, anyway, own anything; but
even   the   few   who   think   that   thoy
own something are coming to realize
that after all the bondholders are the
real owners of thcir property. Wore
they in Bnttleford they would realize,
the truth of the situation bettor perhaps. We are used lo seeing individuals being wild out for their indebtedness, but when it comes lu a whole
city or town being sold or having a
judgment registered against it, that
is something new. However, we have
little reason to doubt but that even,
this experience will not be unknown
to us within the next five years or so.
It may serve a good purpose, howovor, In that it may make the masses
think a little more than they have
done ln the past. They have been
taking things for granted while the
bondholders have beea taking everything they could get their handu on
for security.
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this ofllce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such mattors, under the above head
ing. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits,
—Ed.] 	
NYE, fl. W., Vancouver:Could yot
give us more particulars of the or
ganization you ask ubout; where does
it function and Hi whnt connection?
(The Editor of the "Daily
aid" controverts the recently expressed opinion in this Review regarding
Court Dress and al'ied subjects. The
view expressed in this article is held
by many and it is only right that lt
should be made public.)
"In this thing the Lord pardon
thy servant: that when my master
goeth into the house of Rimmon to
worship there, and he l<_'!Tneth on
my hand, and I bow myself in the
houso of Rimmon; wben I bow down
myself in the house of Rimmon, the
Lord pardon thy servant in thiB
thing."
(Concluded  from last week)
CHECKING   COMMUNISM!
ONE cannot help but be amused at
thc attempts that are being made
by our daily press to discredit Russia
and communism. Were we absolutely
Ignorant about Russia, and all the
conditions existing there, wo would
even then, hesitate to take the pross
reports at thoir faco value. Many are
beginning to loarn that when the
press puts itself out to attack any one
system especially, that therein lurks
aome real good of some sort or other.
H would appear to ua that communism must bc mnking Its presenco folt
in more ways than onc, and that it is,
In apito of what the editor of the Vancouver Sun might say, hardly a form
of government which Is dependent for
Its existence upon "the creed of some
sub-normal   men."    We   do not say
"ICONOCLAST": Lloyd (ioorge as
Premier cf the Coalition Government loaned 050 million pounds to
tin* Czarist government of Russia,
notwithstanding which he stated in
a speech In the Mouse uf ('ominous
(ItJth April, litlfl) "The poople of
this country thoroughly disapproved
of Czarism, its principles, its corruption and its oppression; but it was
our business in put It down" Later
ou he spent 100 million pound
Intervention supporting Czarist generals, without any mandate from thc
country; u aanj; whom Mr. Asquith
denounced as adventurers, and whose
aim was to restore a system of government detested by the Russian people. Your furthor query will be
treated later.
C. ALLEN, South Vancouver: Tho
Hues are from dray's "Elegy"; the
ful] stanza Is:
"Let not ambition mock tlieir useful
toil,
Their homely joys, and destiny obscure;
N'or grandeurs bear, with a disdainful
smile,
The short and simple annals of the
poor."
This poem is, In Its vast human sympathies and its advocacy of the rights
of   the   poor,   very   remarkable,   especially considering the period lt was
written   (1751).
A. HARRIS, Victoria: Fennor
Brockway says "Amorica and European capitalists uire nn longer satisfied merely to obtain their raw materials from Africa and Asia. They
have bul]t factories there, and by
payment cf sweated wages are placing themselves in a position to snap
their fingers at the demands of the
workers In their own countries for
hettor conditions." This emphasises
the point you raise.
1>*. H, and others will be replied to
next Issue.
Trap ISasy to Avoid
It would have been so easy to avoid
falling into their trap. If labor ministers had said: "We are plain folk; if it
is part of our duty to bow and stand
about at levees, and on other cere
monlal occasslons, we will wear our
ordinary clothes; we should not feel
either natural or comfortable ln gold
bruld, silk stockings and cocked hatB.
if labor ministers had said that, their
good sense would have been approved,
not merely by their own supporters,
but by the great mass of the nation,
which would bave said: "Well, these
people have their convictions, and
nren't afraid or ashamed to live up
to them. They are different from the
governing men we have been accustomed to, Vt'c respect them for the
stand they have made."
To say "it cannot matter what
clothes are worn," to urge that in all
social affairs each should be free to
take his or her own line, betrays an
inadequate grasp of lhe problem before us. The greatest article of the
socialist faith is that which says:—■
"There must not he different standards of living; there must not be different social ranks distinguished by
dress and dwellings, by speech, education, occupations, amusements, food.
Where these distinctions are marked
in a state, that state cannot prosper."
Unless we do away with these distinctions, unless we root out of the
national mind tho idea that some are
entitled by birth to all the good things
of life and others entitled to these
things ns rewards for success in exploitation; until we establish one
standard of living and regard anyone
who seeks to rise above it, and anyone who willingly sinks below it, as
enemies of the people, we shall strive
for our new order in vain.
We may put into force our economic programme, we may carry all our
political reforms, but without that
foundation of social equality we shall
not really change anything,
So long as we continue to believe
that It is necessary and right for a few
to be Thoroughly Comfortable and
for the many tn touch their caps and
be thankful for a bare livllhood, we
shall get no nearer to the socialist
state—whether the Few are the class
we know to-day, or whether they arc
made up ol' labor men drawing large
official salaries and wearing official
uniform*, and imitating in their way,
of life those whom they wortj brought
up lo look upon as their superiors,
and whom tliey had, therefore, envied
from tlieir earliest years.
Social Side a Hindrance
I am sure thut this social problem
lies fn the way of all the changes that
we want to make. It must be solved
before we can get those changes made.
My own feeling Is that the social side
of public life is merely' a relic of the
old kingly period when ministers were
the king's servants and had to dance
attendance on him, and when rich
banquets to diplomatists were part
of the state routine. I feel that
this effete tradition, lingering long
after all meaning lias departed from
It, Is a hindrance to the achievement
of our aims.
I cannot see why a prime minister,
should be expectetd to waste his time
putting on fancy dress and attending
a lunch or a dinner at the Guildhall
to some.kinglet or princeling. I cannot see why he should not do his day's
and go home to wherever he
chooses to live, as does the chairman of the London county council.
That seems to ine to lie also the way
the King should live. He has a job,
that of hereditary presidont—and it
might ho an advantage to give him
his correct title. Why shoud he be
expectetd to live in a whirl of mummery and mako believe? Why not
let him perform the duties attached
Her-fas It turns, the efforts we are making
are bound to fail Anything which
labor does to hold that wheel up
postpones the attainment of its desires.
Many will reply to this, "But the
nation likes it all, likes to credit
royalty with supernatural attributes,
likes its parades and paraphernalia,
likes to see labor ministers maintaining 'time honored' practices, willingly concedes to a favored few position
and privilege, because all this makes
lifo more picturesque."
That may be true; I don's know.
But I do know that, if it is true, we
can't have any socialism worth striving for until the nation alters its
mind.—Hamilton Fyfe.
GHANDI-THE MAN
AND HISMESSAGE
(Continued)
AS a patriot and a leader of an
oppressed people struggling for
freedom, Mr. Gandhi belongs to the
category of the world's great liberators, such as Washington. Lincoln and
Mnzlnnl. As a saintly person who has
dedicatetd his whole life to preaching
the gospel of love and truth, who has
litetrally lived up to his preachings,
he ranks among tho world's greatest
sages like Buddha. Jesus and Socrates. His theory of a non-violent
mass revolution aiming at the dethronement of a powerful, well-established und fully-equipped militaristic
government, like the British bureaucracy in India, though strange and
unpractical at flrst thought, is yet
very simple and straightforward.
Gandhi explains bis attitude thus:
We must refuse to wait for the wrong
to be righted till the wrong-doer has
been roused to a sense of his iniquity.
We must not, for fear of ourselves or
others bavins' to suffer, remain participators in it. But we must combat
the wrong by ceasing to assist the
wrong-doer directly or Indirectly.
For over a period of twenty-five
..ears, Gandhi rendered willingly and
ungrudgingly, his voluntary services,
his hearty co-operation, with tbe
British Empire whenever it was
threatened and stood in need. ThoVigh
vehemently criticized when It went
wrong, yet he never wished Its destruction until his final decision of
non-cooperation in 1320, For he felt
thnt in spite of Its many abuses and
shortcomings, the systetm was mainly
and Intrinsically good. Mr. Gandhi
gave immense proofs of his unshaken loyalty-to the Empire, and
his firm faith in British justice,
through invaluable and trying services on the occasion of the Anglo-
Boer War (1889), the Zulu Revolt
<1!)0G), and thc Great European War
(1914). On the two former occasions,
in recognition'of his services, he was
awarded gold medals and his name
was eaeh time mentioned In despatches. Later, on his return to India,
he was awarded the Kalser-I-Hind
Gold Medal by Lord Hardinge In recognition of his humanitarian services
in South Africa. These medals he
determinedly though remorsefully, returned to the Viceroy of India on
August 1, 1920. The letter that accompanied them, besides other things,
contained this:
"Your Excellency's light-hearted
treatment of the official crime, your
exoneration of Sir Michael O'Dwyer,
Mi'. Montague's dispatch, and above
all the shameful ignorance of the
Punjab events and callous disregard
of the feelings of Indians betrayed by
the House of Lords, have filled me
with the gravest misgivings regarding
the future of the Empire, have estranged me completely from the present government, and have disabled
me from tendering as I have hitherto
wholeheartedly tendered, my loyal cooperation."
And his statement before tbe court
nt tlie time of his conviction in March
1922, In whicli he pleaded guilty,
reads thus:
"From a staunch loyalist and co-
operator, I have become an uncompromising dlsaffectionist and non-co-
operator, . . . To preach disaffection
towards the existing system of government has become nlmost a passion
with me. ... If I were set free, I
would be falling.in my duty It I did
not do so. ... I bad either to submit to a syatem which has done irreparable harm to my country, or to
Incur the   mad   fury of   my   people
MUSIC AND
MUSICAL CRITICS
DERHAPS we have been, in this
paper, rather remiss ln our duties
towards.the finer arts. We have not
given them the attention that we
ought. Recently, however, there has
been forced upon our attention, the
more serious aspect of this question,
and we feel compelled to do bur duty,
not only now, but in the future.
Vancouver has been favored, in a
few Instances, during the past few
years, with the presenco of an occasional real vocal artist. In the majority of Instances however, the musl-
cat population of this city have been
frightfully gulled and their intelligence insulted, not alone by the artists
themselves, but by some of our local
vocal critics. It appears to us—and
not without sufficient cause we feel—
that some of our so-called musical
critics are simply selling their services
to the best advertiser, or the one who
makes It worth their while through
fiattery or monetary consideration.
Recently when Eva Gauthier visited our city, R. J. in the Vancouver)'
Province gave a criticism, that waB
so far removed, In our opinion, from
the real facts of the case, that we feel
we must protest. It was an insult to
the audience, and to all music lovers
in our city. The applause was, indeed, scanty, and lacked in warmth
and enthusiasm. What it lacked in
enthusiasm was made up by a ridiculing form of laughter. When Eva
Gauthier or any other artist comes to
this city and expects to receive our
money, It is only right that they
should be able to "deliver the goods."
This Miss Gauthier could not and did
not do. So rank was the programme
that many got up and left the audience during the early period.
Miss Gauthier lacked entirely in
proper tone production in the flrst
place. Her placement was obviously,
not only quite wrong, but crude. She
strained hor voice frightfully ln the
production of her higher tones, and if
she keeps it up, the little voice that
she has will soon be destroyed. Her
interpretation was, perhaps, a feature
of her singing that might merit a
faint word of praise, nothing more.
We are, frankly, becoming thoroughly disgusted with our local critics.
When we rend a criticism, "panning"
Louis Graveure, an artist of international renown, nnd one who merits
to no smnll^degree the praise and fine
criticisms he has received, and then
read, by the same local critic a
"write-up" praising an artist so lacking In anything to make her worthy
of the slightest favorable criticism,
hardly, we cannot help but feel that
these critics are simply selling their
services to the highest  bidder.    It Is
'Famous*  16th
ANNIVERSARY   SALE
THE Kivuti>st salo in our history 1
Values (hat will startle you—coats,
dresses, suits. ocecsisoriea and house Unon
at (.'xtraordlniiry reductions—a storewlde
sali" covering both Main Floor and Bar-
xum Buetitent, Soe bis nnnoiincments
bi press.
Famous _-t__-,
619*823 Hosting. StiHt Weil
Sidelights on a Great
Industry
«
store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 n.m.
Trefousse'
The Best of All Christmas Gloves
French Wrist Length Glace Kid or Suede Gloves,
oversewn seams, at -$2.25 a pair.
Medium Weight French Suede or Kid Gloves, with
pique seams, wrist length, at $2.50 a pair.
French Kid or Suede, medium weight, pique sewn,
finished with welt of contrasting color, two pearl
dome fastening—$3.00 a pair.
Thc "Avenue" Gauntlet, a beautiful glove with
wrist strap; exclusive style; in kid or suede, at
$4.50 a pair.
575 Granville Street Phone Seymour 3540
about time this sort of thing stopped.
In this city anyone who thinks they
can sing, or that they have a voice,
seem to think that all they have to
do Is to put up a sign, and advertise
a little, and perhaps take the critic
out to dinner. They are taking all
sorts of money out of the pockets of
unsuspecting pupils, who can 111 afford
it. Surely there should be some just
and fair test for all music teachers
before they are allowed to take the
hard-earned dollars from our rising
generations. Let us not prostitute
our highest art at least.
Collectivity
All that a trust can do by a decentralized organization, by a share In its
prolits and by prospects of advancement, to increase the initiative and
the responsibility of Us managers or
its officers, the collectivity could do
equally well for its own.—Vandervelde.
Fhou Sermonr 8364
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITE 301. DOMINION BUILDmO
 TAH0OUVBB, B. 0.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
WlU cnn -roar Rheumatism, Lnmbsgo,
Neuritis or Bad Oold
Massage a Specialty
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Hastings St. W. Phono Ser. 2070
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBISIEB8, SOtlOITOBt, ETO.
401-408 Metropolitan Bnildlnf
837 Haitingi St. W. VANCOUVEB. B. 0.
Telephones: Soymonr 8866 and 6667
A Birks' Watch
for Christmas!
i*T\^lwK*^*s^t**
W7JE have all thc choice you
**    could possibly wish.
This charming little gold-illled
watch for girl or lady has fully
guaranteed 15-jewel movoment.
Leather strap or black silk ribbon. A very unusual
value at 	
See the wide choice of   Birks'
watches, fully guaranteed.
$10
to his job ahd then tako his hat off|when thev „_„,.<, the truth fl.om mv
Us peg and go a way to enjoy the privacy of home life or amuse himself according to his tastes'.'
H is cruel to compel him to nttend
race meetings (no intelligent porson
would attend them frequently without compulsion, and I am told racing
bores our present King intensely). It
Is silly to force him to dress up in
navnl and military uniforms of different kinds, as if army and navy
were something to be proud of rather
than unpleasant necessities in a world
ruled by force. It is unreasonable to
expect him and his Tamlly to be al
ways on tlie job, and yet not to giv<
tbem nny real job to do.
An Antiquated Model
Our whole court system Is modelled
on tbat which prevailed in the small
Oerman courts 200 years ago. It was
brought hore by George I und has
remained much tlie same ever since.
It grew out of conditions utterly and
entirely different from our conditions
today. With its pinchbeck militarism, its passion for uniforms, its Insistence on a ridiculous routine
"household" ceremony, It is not merely antiquated, it Is harmful, The
snobbery connected with it is a bulwark against social reconstruction.
It. is the linchpin of a wheel which
will go on turning so long as the society for keeping things as they are
can  keep It in motion, and so long
lips. ... I hold lt to he a virtue to
disaffected towards a government
which, in its totality hns done more
harm to Indlt than nny previous system. ... It Is the physical and brutnl
Ill-treatment of humanity which has
made many of my co-workers and
myself impatient of life itself."
Following his public announcement1
of the non-cooperation policy, he embarked upon an extensive tour of the
country. Wherever he went he
preached disaffection towards the
existing government. But he always
preached non-violence. "Hatred ceas-
eth not by hatred; hatred ceaseth by
love.' was Ills sole plea.
Paradoxical Capital.
One of tbe worst things about capitalism is tlie way It botcheB things-
It sends some men to parliament that
should be sent to jail, and sends some
to jail that should be sont to parliament; it sets some digging In a ditch
who should be writing books or painting pictures; and some writing books
who should be digging ditches or
ploughing In tbe fields. Under socialism men will do the work they aro
best fitted by nature and education to
do.—Appenl to Reason.
Disturbing Factors
To Be Corrected
fpHERH Is nothing wrong with the
principle of Timber Royalties,-flor,
indeed, with the rate that the British Columbia lumber industry ls
actually paying, at this time.
It is quite proper also that the
public should receive a fair return
for the Interest thoy possess in tho
natural  resources of their province.
The lumber men of British Columbia who havo Invested $1100,000,000
In the business of logging, manufacturing and distributing the products of the British Columbia forest
hinds, agree with the principle of
paying royalty on tho value of
standing timber and are satlslled
with the present rute. They ask,
however, in protection of their huge
investment, the establishment of
three principles in any measure
dealing with the regulation of
timber royalties In British Colum
bin.
1—That the rate should never
become   excessive.
2—That It should be based
on economic principles.
3—That  it  should* not    be    a
disturbing  factor  to the stability of the industry.
The    present    pre-war    Royalties
Act  of  1914   still   In  force actually
controverts all these    principles    at
once.
1—On Janunry 1, 1925, It
threatens to Increase the original rate by 700 per cent, and
the present 'rate by over 300
per cent.
2—It is a negation of the
accepted Idea of royalty, since
It is a tax on the finished product, whereas royalty is properly levied on the unmanufactured log in the woods.
3—It impedes   production   by
taxing  elements    entering    into
the cost of handling and manufacture nnd  thus    becomes., an
uncertain   factor   in  |the   estab-
ishment of prices In    a    highly
competitive   market,
In   addition   to   this  the   Royalties
Act 'of 1914 has proved the greatest
deterrent to the investment of new
capital  into the timber Industries or
the   province,
Henry Birks & Sons
Limited
VANCOUVER
Phono Sey. 1198.        312 CABBALL ST.
G. S. MASON & CO.
Established 1888
A FAOTORY FOB REPAIRING HIGH*
ORADE WATCHES, CLOCKS,
CHRONOMETERS AND JEWELEY
Eyes Tested nnd Glasses Fitted b>- registered Optometrist
THE THRILL OF
LONG-DISTANCE
OPBAKING over the wires to
^ someone miles away has not
lost its fascination. Surprise
and delight a friend with a
long-distance call.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPAKY.
HAVE you ever liail a real drink
of Pure Apple Older during the
last few years?
To meet the desires of manj client*,
we hare introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple older In pint bottlea,
either pure sweet or government regulation _•% hard apple cider. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
caabonlo acfd get or preierratios of
any nature. Write or phone jour order
todty, Highland 90.
. VAN BROS. LTD.
Cider Manufacturers
1986 Commercial Drive, Vaneouvar, B. 0.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 OeoriU Stmt
Bonder eerrices, 11 ».m. .nd T|80 p.n.
Sundejr school inunedUtelr following
morning service. Wednesdor testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free retdlnf room.
801*108 Birks Bldg.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 %   CORDOVA  STREET EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
The more unions there are in ono
Industry the less unionism there can
be.—S. H. Wither,
This series  of articles  ronimuni-
t-atcd   by   the   Timber   Industries
Council of British Columbia.
BANKING SERVICE
TIIE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for talcing care
of thc banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established SS yean
Lectures on Our Modern Drama
JT will be recognized by many students of social progress today that there has been unfortunately a failure, on thc
part of our leaders and teachers, to utilize the wonderful
lessons that have been given to human kind by our modern
writers of drama and poetry as they ought.
Mrs. Rose Henderson, a speaker of international repute,
and a keen student of our modern poetry and drama, is
giving a series of at least three lectures on "The Social Interpretation of thc Modern Drama." The particulars are
as follows:
Nov. 28th—Ibsen's Drama: "Little Eyols, or the Bight
of the Ohild To Be Well Born."
Deo. 10th—An Irish Drama:
an Appeal to Season."
'Kathleen Ni-Houlihan, or
The above lectures will be delivered in the Theosophical
hall, 337 Hastings Street West. Music will be provided.
Proceeds for educational purposes, Tickets, three for $1,
or 35 cents each. FRIDAY November   28,   1924
sixteenth ybar. no. » BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbr.
B.C.
IP YOU WANT A
Good Suit
At a reasonable price, eome In
und seo im.
Men's Suit, special  $27.00
Men's Knitted Vest,  Bleeveless;
at   13.75
Boys'  Suits   (0.50 to $9.00
Men's   Silk   Ties, In Christmas
boxes, from   50c to $2.00
VIKING Underwear, 2-plece or
combinations   $0.50
Oreb Work Boots   $4*95
Children's ^Cnee Gum Boots, 6
to  10%     $1*95
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
BatWMn 7th ud 8th moMi
Phone, Fairmont 14
The labor movement Is the greatest
in the world. It Is the best organized, the most powerful, and the most
united body that has ever existed to
forward the cause of democracy and
justice.—Ernest Bevin.
Do You Know?
THAT persons who bloat after eating and have gas 011 their stomach
ure on the highroad to chronic indigestion? Jo-To will stop gan pains
and all forms of stomach misery In
two minutes. I0-T0 sold at all Drug
Stores.
ORANTH/Ufi
PARTY PUNCH
Humanity   Hourly    Crucified—
They Die That We
May lave
[By Mrs. Rose Henderson]
Happy are we if in our day wo
realize a new message for our ago,
and If. we are sufficiently faithful]
to the cause of humanity to deliver
lt,   at  whatever cost.
Hourly, men and women are being crucified for their message but
their crucifixion* only liberates and
makes their cry more penetrating.
It Is the age long cry of humanity—
the voice of the masses In every nation leaping like a flame out of the
hell of industrial servitude. Happy
indeed the nation whose rulers and
statesmen heed this cry ere It is
retribution will not be long
IN MY GARDEN
[Nemesis]
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and CANE SUGAR
Phone tar Sample
Fair. 1250
P. C. GRANTHAM & CO. I.TII.
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Seymour  9276-9326
Premier Wellington
COAL
ir.oo
1500
lbs.  lump.
lbs.  CKB...
$9.50
S0.25
j. d. McNeill coal oo. ltd.
224  ABBOTT ST. Sey.   _288
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
Vancouver Unions
too late
delayed, ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
The "Casual"
A docker had been out of work
many months. When In work owing to short time he scarcely knew
what it was to have a square meal.
He got a single day's job—he one
of the "casuals," While in the act
of holding out his hand to take
his pay, he fell dead. The Inquest
brought to light the fact that he
had deliberately refused food ln order that <>hls bairns might have
enough.
"He died that they might live."
One of tlie "Surplus
In a back room tn a slum tene
ment lived a woman and her two
children. The woman from whom
the room was rented was attracted
one duy by the two little children
crying, "Mummy, Mummy, wake up.
Wake up, Mummy!" On going upstairs she found the mother dead.
The inquest stated death was from
"natural causes," due in a large
measure to "malnutrition"—starvation. This unfortunate, one of England's 3,000,000 surplus women
eould not flnd the means to feed herself and children, a subject of one
of the richest empires in the world!
"She died that they might live." ,
A Hero I
The guns had sounded to warn the
multitude that the hour had come
to pay tribute—"two minutes silence"—to tho "dead heroes.
Two out of the 537,600 minutes
yearly being their reward. At the
aame moment a living "hero," a "returned man," his wife and children
were being evicted, unemployed and
poor, he couldn't pay the rent. The
bailiffs halted their job and with
bowed heads pnid their respect to the
"dead heroes" for two wholo minutes. Alter two minutes silence they
resumed their task of eviction. They
threw this "hero," unfortunately yet
alive, his wife, children and house
hold belongings (too miserably cheap
to be sold) Into the street. This
hei'o fought with the British army
all through thc war. He was told he
was fighting for the security
"home," "justico," "honor of women
and children." He fought but not
for justice for the masses; not that
their homes and honor might be secure. He fought unknowingly to
maintain and make more secure the
system responsible for "war," "evictions," "unemployment," and tlie deg-j
redation of millions of women and!
children through low wages, prostitution, child labor, poverty and slum
lire.
I am loth to believe such a system
Is worth while, or that it can long
continue. Surely 10,000,000 men,
shall not he sacrificed in vain. They
died and he fought that humanity
might be free to live.
driftwood
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
Meeti second Monday In ths month. Pre
; •Idont, J. R. White; leoretary, R. H. NmI
I  aiul*. P. 0. Box 66.
! FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111
SIS Pender St. Wost—Buslneas meetings
■ tvery   Wudneaday   evening.     A.   Uiolnflli,
fc.bftirm.in;  K. H. Morrison, tec-treM.; Oeo.
I I). Harrison, 1182 Pftrker Street, Vancouver,
B. G.„ corresponding aecreUry.
Aar district In Britiah ColnmfaU desiring
information re securing speakers or the formation of looftl branches, kindly communicate
vith provincial Seoretary J, Lyle Telford,
524 Blrka Bldg., Vancourer, B. O. Telf-
phone Seymour 18S2. or Falnnont 4933.
i BAKERY SALESMEN, LOOAL 871— Hetttl
second Thuraday every month In Holden
Building. President, J. Brightwoll; financial
secretary, ti, A. Bowron, 020—llth Avenne
Fast.
[INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helper! of America, Local 104—Meetings flrst
and third Mondays in each month in Holden
Building. Preaident, P. Willis; eecretary, A,
Fraaer. Office'houn, 0 to 11 a.m. tnd 8 to 6
_*_____ _
| CIVIC EMPLOYEES UNION—MeeU flrat
ftnd third Fridays ln each month, at 448
PRtchards Street. President, David CathlU,
|28&2 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo,
I Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.	
|ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of Steam and Operating, Lecal 882—
I MeeU every Wedneaday at 8 p.m., Room
■80S Holden Bldg. Preaident, Charlea Price;
F business agent and flnanolal secretary, F. L.
| Hunt;   recording aeeretary, J. T. Venn.
IMUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Looal 145, A. T. et M.—MeaU In
I G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
■second Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E. C.
■Miller, 091 Nelson Street; secretary, E. A.
■Jamleson, 091 Nelaon Street; flnanelal sear**
I tary, W. E. Williams, 091 Nelaon Street;
lorganlier, F. Fletcher, 901 Nelaon Street.
(FEDERATED SEAFARERS'  UNION OF B.
O.—Meeting nighta, flrat Tuesday and Srd
iFriday of eaeh month at headquartera, 818
TCordova Street West.   President, D. Gllles-
ble; viee-presldent, John Johnson; aeeretary*
■ treunrer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
Idova Street West.    Branch agent's addreaa;
■ George Faulkner,  578 Johnaon Street, Vie-
Itorla, B, 0.
(THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—HeeU at 091 Nelson Street, at 11
e.m. on tho Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
lay of the month. President, Harry Pearson,
191 Nelson Street; Seoretary, E, A, Jamie-
'on, 001 Nelson Street; Business Agent, F-
Etcher. 991 Nelson St,   	
pYPOGRAPHIOAL UNION, No. 226—President, R. P. Pettlplece: vice-president. J.
Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P. O. Box 88. MeeU last Sunday of
laoh month at 2 pjn. in Holden Balldinf, 16
Tjtsttogi Btreet gut.
Prince     rUpert     typographical
, UNION, No. 418—President,   S..D. Mao-
Ponald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
. O. Box 080.   Meets last Thursday of eaeh
^onth.
[Written  specially  for  the   Fed.]
_V long grey stretch of sodden stand
And a curling streak of foam—
The white vanguard of the rising tide
That comes to claim its own.
The angry leap of the crested waves
As  they gird    and  gnaw    al    the
sands;
Clutching  like  restless  lingers,
Grasping  like greedy hands.
Tossing crest high the wreckage—
Tlie spoil and loot of tiie storm;
Flinging it up to the beach line.
Spewing It out in scorn;
Drift from a wind*wrecked  forest,    ,
Drift      from      a      storm-wrecked j
barque,
Tangled in shapeless masses,
Thrown up to the thie line's mark
The long brown stretch o_'(tln> city's
street,
The  bench  line of homeless men,
Waifs    on life's eddies and currents,
Drifted from friendly ken.
Hope fled and all high ambition,
The  flotsam  and  jetsam   of  Life—
Humanity's waste nnd Mts driftwood,
Cast out in tlie storm and the strif
No hearth  flre the beacon  of home
port
Shines out   through the  gloom  of
tlieir night,
Like   a   stur   through    a   cloud rift
gleaming
To cheer them oil with Its light
Oh.   S'OU    righteous,   you    preachers,
and teachers,
You pilots who chart the way
Mid  life's shoals past  lis dangerous
coast  lines;
What share In yonr thoughts have
they?
Brethren  are they,  or  but  aliens?
Aro  thoy  wandering  sheep  of  thc
fold,
Or outcasts mnnhounded, mandrlven,
Thrown  out in  the  night nnd   the
cold.
ISAAC NIXON'
Vnncouver.   B.C.,  Nov.   25,   1924.
Man a Casuist,
The teaching of abstract moral principles is of no avail. Man Is essentially a casuist. Leave to him the application of your principles, and he
will adapt almost any scheme of conduct to them. The moralist who does
not boldly and explicitly point the application of his principles is either to«
Ignorant of > humnn naturo to discharge his duty with effect or is a
coward.—Joseph McCabe,
'TWERE is one place of easy access
■■■   still left to many of us where we
can throw off the stupid and unnecessary cares, which attack us in ever
accumulating battalions in the Insane
struggle for a mere subsistence,
which is our worldly Jot today, and
that is a garden.
With thousands of growing plants
around one, each a mystery, each a
marvel, and each possessing a loveliness peculiarly its own, the mind can
cast away Its cares for a time and let
the world rage to frothlness in its
madness, forgotten as a past pain.
Happy Is the man who can achieve
this temporary forgetfulnesfl, for
thereby only can he maintain his sanity. "We may ever turn to nature's
scenes to enjoy this blessed forgetful-
ness, for nature properly wooed never
disappoints those who, in love, seek
her smiles and her blessings. She
soothes the worried mind into forgotfulness of self as gently and as surely
ns a patient mother soothes with her
caresses the troubled heart of a little
child.
Perhaps nature's soothing charm
lies in the fact that she reveals to her
devotees the momentous fact that
throughout all her works there Is
manifested, without a doubt, that a
beneficient intelligence Is at work,
planning, guiding, fulfilling a wonderfully Intricate and wholly beneficial
scheme.
The organs of each plant reveal
prescience and design—design in form
and function.
Blind laws working alone would
have produced a painful monotony,
but the soul of nature, utilizing her
own laws has produced a variety of
form and color, amazing In its diver
sity and awe-inspiring in its marvel
lous beauty.
Tbe function of the colors of flowers
has been explained in theory by the
assumption that a development of a
bright color gave an advantage to a
plant by attracting visitors to Its
treasures, who consummated the fusion of the two sex principles and
bestowed on it a surer grip on life.
While that does not explain the
significance of color, it does point
more directly to beneficent design, as
both color and treasures were developed simultaneously.
But surely color wns not ordained
merely to play such a subordinate
part  in  nature's scheme.
Were the blue or sky and ocean:
the dazzling splendors" of tbe sunset:
the changing glories of our mountain summits: the mellow tints of autumn on fruit and flower, and nil tho
other colored glories of the earth
brought into existence for any such
purpose or were they the products of
a beneficent design, to gladden the
eyes and ennoble the understanding
of all conscious life?
Tlie true lover of nature will bave
but one answer to such ft question,
and will submit that the aid color
may bestow upon a plant, as regards
its fertilization, is a mere incident In
line with all its functioning, without
.specinl or outstanding significance.
But as I Idly watched the curious
flight of a butterfly, there came a
sudden whir of wings, a vicious snap,
and the insect, crushed and torn, was
borne away to make a meal for a hungry bird, Its exquisite coloring marred,
Its beauty of outline crumpled Into
ugliness, and the months of its development sacrificed to the hunger
urge of its enemy.
Then a throb of disappointment
shot throug me at this tragedy enacted In the gladdening sunlight before
my eyes, which seemed to give denial']
to the presence of beneficent design
or to point to opposing cruelties In
the operations of nature—the cruelties
of fear and death.
And I thought of the countless
similar tragedies which had occurred
simultaneously in the world during
those few moments.
Here was dilemma indeed brought
with tragic suddenness into my mind.
Tills seems to he one of the tinsolv
able mysteries yet it is plainly evident
tbat this universal and apparent
cruelty in nature is nsoclatetd in all
cases with the matter whicli composes
the bodies of all conscious organisms,
exhibiting it and the causo of that
cruelty must be laid to the unfortunate possession of that handicapping
burden.
It would seem then thnt as long as
conscious matter exists, this accompanying cruelty must exist with it.
Though tlie great amount of killing
In nature is done unconsciously as
regards Inflicting pnini is done, thut
Is, automatically at the bidding of the
hunger urge yet we flnd In the more
highly developed opganlsms a conscious inflicting of pain, as when
monkeys, dogs and the like bite and
scratch each other In anger, and a
still more definite nnd conscious
cruelty in man himself, mentally the
highest form of life yet'developed.
A posible solution of this mystery
may be found in the following argument:
Admitting ns we nil must the working of an Infinite Intelligence and absolute good In the cosmos, it seems
probable that pain find struggle are
employed in the case of man, the
highest expression of conscious life,
as educating ngents; that the gift of
consciousness with complete happiness at the beginning would have
been of no avail, that Is an experience
of pain and struggle was necessary to
instil a lasting appreciation of the ultimate gift of a calm and pure happiness which surely must be tbe end
find aim of the scheme of things.
If our lives were all summers, we
could not appreciate their delights
without   the    contrast   of    recurring1
winters, and  the mme  can  be said i some act fn the future
of tho pleasures and delights of the,     (2) That th
flesh.
If there were no ugly spots on the
*earth and In man himself could we
appreciate to the full earth's loveliness and the self-sacrificing labors of
some of our more highly developed
fellow beings?
If you and I had never known the
hardships and monotony of our slave
state we might be as callous to the
earth's sufferers as our lordllngs, our
princelings and all our monied masters, from which state may Qod in
his mercy ever deliver ub.
It seems to me that a subtle truth
Is embodied in the ancient Hindu
pbilosopohy that the souls of men, attracted and deluded by the delights
of matter (which are however only
passing delights and accompanied al
ways by their opposlteB), became en
tangled ln it and realizing its limitations and drawbacks are making persistent efforts to escape, which they
can only accomplish by a gradual upward process In a succession of reincarnations.
An endless happiness might become
a monotony without the memory of
the debasing and unsatisfying influences of life In association with
matter.
STATUS OF UNIONS
(Continued from page l)
and Arbitration act. R. S. B. C.-1911.
The Dominion Conciliation and Arbitration act, R. S. C.-1906, is specially designed to protect workmen
against the compulsory enforcement
of arbitration and does so very
effectively.
The other important section of the
Criminal Code mentioned was Section 520. The section restricts
Im ion tots from unlawfully limiting
facilities for producing, manufactur
Ing, supplying, storing, or dealing
in any article subject to trade
commerce, restricting trade or commerce; preventing, lessening or limiting the manufacture or produce of
any above-mentioned article; lessening competition of any such article.
If any of these provisions are violated the offender or offenders are liable to fines ranging from' $200 to
$1,000 or two years imprisonment.
The important word is unlawfully—
a trade union only acts unlawfully
in this connection when the restraint
is exercised not to benefit the members of the trade union or other affiliated members; but to harm outside
workers or employers. There was,
however, an amendment to Section
520 In. 1900. This states that nothing In this section shall be construed to apply to combination of workmen or employers for their reasonable protection as workmen or em-
players.
There are further restrictions upon registered trade unions which arc
found in Section 23 In the Act Respecting Trade Unions-It, S. C.-'OO.
It provides that "any registered
trade union in operation seven days
without a registered office to which
all notices may be addressed shall
lie liable to a penalty not exceeding
$25 a day for every day."
I might also mention on act in
force in British Columbia. An Act
Relating to Trade Unions, 1911.
Section 1 defines clearly tbe extent
to which unions nre liable for tort.
A tort may generally be spoken of
as any offense, criminal or civil,
which gives the aggrieved party the
rijifht to bring a damage suit in
civil court. Thijs we see thnt union
members (and officials as a whole
nre freed from responsibility for any
wrongful act unless such an act has
heen sanctioned by the authority of
the union.
Before leaving the statutes let me
mention some which are enacted in
Great Britain. We might say that
England Is twenty years as a whole
ahead of Canada and the United
States in labor statutes. The Trado
Union Disputes act of 1906 placed
labor and employer's associations on
'a true basis of equality, Peaceful
picketing was allowed, also it contains an amendment to the law of
_onspiracy. ft nlso removed the liability for Interfering with another
person's business. Lastly it prohibited tbe actions of torts against
trade unions.
Another Trade Union net of 1913,
Provides that unions cun legally expend their funds for any purpose desired by the members of the unions.
First, however, a vole must be taken,
and any dissenting member can withhold his contribution foi'*1 thnt purpose.
Thus I have shown that trade
unions are fully protected by statutes and the criminal code. One
might even say that they are put in
a privileged class; because while It
Is true that these liberal English!
provisions, I hnvo nbove mentioned,,
are not enacted in any Canadian statute which I have found, still they
must have been accepted in spirit
and application, because I have
heard of no attempt to violate or ignore these provisions.
In closing I wist to analyze whnt
seems to me to be now the greatest
enemy of trade unions; that Is the
injunction. The courts during
strike or lock-out or othor trade dispute hold the balance of power between the workers and the employers,
An Injunction may be defined as an
order of an equity court restraining
a person from doing an act; and the
power of the court to issue the injunction Is limited by the nature of
the act which it is sought to restrain.
Legally If tho court ls to grant ;in
Injunction In aid of a legal title, thc
following conditions must be fulfilled:
(1) the plaintiff must prove that the
defendant threatens or Intends to do
whtch  the court   normally restrains
the violation. |^^^^~
Thus we see that the Injunction Ib
primarily Intended to   preserve   the
status quo,  i.e.,  things as they are,
until the final determination of rights.
The Injunction ls classed as an extraordinary remedy and is   supposed
only to be   resorted   to   when   the
remedy at law Is sufficient    or    inadequate.    The Injunction    may    be
specific,  i.e.,' aimed   at  one  person,
or it may be general.    In practice,
however,  despite the above require-j
ments the' courts appear willing to
consider    almost    anything    private
property, and almost any act of the
strikers as causing irreparable damage of ■ private   property.    I  might
suggest another reason why injunctions 'are issued    with    such    celerity.     The judges, like all other men,
are affected by    their    environment,
training and  heredity,  which  means
that they feel much the same as do
the employers.    Their    mental    out-j
look can much sooner accommodate!
Itself to that of the employing classea,
than  to that  of  the  laboring men.
This Btatement muat not be mlscon
stnted; because no one has a higher
respect    and    admiration    for    our
judges and courts than myself.   Also
let me add that I have found that organized labor as a class has a Bin-
cere pride In our laws and no intention to purposely set them at naught.
Violation of an injunction is contempt of court.      The    case    being
heard by the same judge as issued
the  injunction  or a colleague;  also
he metea out the punishment.     Now
we come to the most objectionable
feature of an injunction.   The violation of an injunction removes a person's fundamental  right to trial by
jury.   Another deplorable fact ls that
the person when brought before the
court for violation of the Injunction
is presumed to be guilty and must
prove  his   innocence.    A  murderer
or any felon, in fact, is given a jury
trial, and is presumed to be innocent
until   proven  guilty.    The cause  of
the union may be, and often is absolutely lost by the issue of an injunction.     Unionists   very   properly
stand in great fear of injunctions.
I must, however, remind all readers that these statements regarding
injunctions are truer when applied
to the United States than to Canada
The injunctions against labor being
more widely used there, i.e., in Stato
courts only. But still they constitute in Canada a lurking menace
against trade unions. They might
be likened to the sword of Damocles
suspended by the good sense, honor
and fine integrity of tho judges.
Many will possibly wish to criticise
the above statements as regards injunctions; but flrst let lhat person
study the books of such a man as
Samuel Oompers and thc. decisions of
such eminent and widely respected
judges as Justices Olive/ Wendell
Holmes and Louis Dembitz Bron-
dels.
PAGE THREE
$37.50 Cash
GIVES  YOU  POSSESSION  OP  THIS
BUNGALOW STYLE PIANO
St. Olar Choir Thrills 7,000
"Temperamental prima donnas
nnd Russinn violinists will have io
look to thcir Inurcis as box office magnates when a chorus of GO to 70
students from a small college tu a
small western town draws an audience of some 7,000 people. This Js
what hapened Inst night when the
St. Olaf Lulherian choir from St.
Olaf college, Northfleld, Minn, sang
in Public hall" Such was tbe comment of .fames H. Rogers in tbe
Cleveland Plain Dealer after the St.
Olaf choir bad thrilled an audience
of over 7,000 people. Such is the
sentiment expressed wherever the
choir has sung.
America has been said to be "jazz-
soaked" and has been accused of desiring only "Jazz," However, Dr. F.
Melius Christiansen was confident
that the American public appreciated
and wanted good music, But when
•i tour was planned for the choir sc
that tlie public might hear Its message, some people smiled and snid,
"The public will never sit through
an evening's program of only sac'reti
AMD $14.50 FEB MONTH QUICKLY
PATS THE BALANCE.
Manufactured by tbe Weber Piano Co., in
Bungalow Style, with the case beautifully fin-'
ished in Mahogany, Walnut or Fumed Oak. It
it built of the bost materials obtainable, with
pure copper wound brass strings, full metal
plate, perfectly balanced action. Ivory keys
and ebony sharps. It has a charming touch
and delightful tone, and at our selling price is
easily $50.00 less than the same quality piano
can be purchased elsewhere. #**}7E All
CASH PRICE <f •/ 3.UU
SE^:: $395.00
Classic Design— t_11C A A
Price Bf-V IV. WU
Further Particnlars Gladly Furnished If Desired
6 IWCW-fWATKI., ni*WVIW> JT ■©
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
L-apella choral singing. Tbe people want something that will thrill
them."—Dr. Christialisen and his St.
Olaf choir did thrill them. Tho audiences sat astounded and marvelled
the unusual singing of this organization of college  boys and girls.
The question now in those and
other cities where the choir has
sung is not "How will we get an audience?" but rather "Where will we
flnd an auditorium lnrge enough to
accommodate the crowds?" The
choir will sing at the Orpheum tbe-
itre. Thursday, December 29th,
What  about your  neighbor's subscription?
Christianity.
I bcliove thut there Is in true Christianity a power to regenerate the
world. But it must be a Christianity
that attacks vested wrongs, not that
spurious thing that defends them.
The religion which allies itself with
Injustice to preach down the natural
aspirations of the masses is worse
than atheism.—Henry Oeorge.
John D. Rockefeller claims he received his colossal wealth us a gift
from God. I would like to examine
the witnesses to that transaction.-—
Eugene V. Debs.
Fresh   Cut   Flowers,  Funeral   Designs, Wedding   Bouquets,  Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, IJullw, Florist*' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FI1OIII8T8 AND NUHSlCltyMEN
48 Hutings Stnet Eait	
151 Hutlngi Street West
.Sey.
 Sey.
4-—STOKES— 4
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1370     1047 Georgia Street Wait Sey. 7412
'SAT IT WITH riOWEES"
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
*" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
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Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
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net, If done will violate n lcffiil *rlght of the plaintiff;
(3) The rl_hl    must    ho    ono    of
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50; 5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
THOS. A. BARNARD
Book Seller and Stationer
63 COMMERCIAL  STREET, NANAIMO, B. C. PAGE FOUR
sixteenth TEAR. No. 48 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER. B. C
FRIDAY November   28,   1924
Buy This Reg. $135
Improved "COLUMBIA" for only
$89.50
Complete with 12 Selections
6 double sided 75c Records of your own
choice, The Columbia is the supreme
phonograph of today, equipped aB It is
with its automatic non-set stop and Hs
motor that will play 6 records with but
one winding. This Is the outstanding
offer of tho Christmas Season, and merits
your prompt inspection. You may purchase. If you desire, on
VERT   EASY   TERMS.
Townley & Ward
Limited
*!lf 443 Hastings Street West
Near Richards
Phone Sey. 2444
Fun  Galore In Orpheum Bill
'iSp-o-o-o-t-]ight"
Yes, you guessed it, Herbert Williams, that screamingly funny grotesque comedian, with his yellow shoes
and collapsible piano, is coming to
the Orpheum next week in a big bill
of vaudeville which boasts of being
nearly all comedy. Mr. Williams is
the headliner. Heretofore, he has
appeared with Hilda Wolfus, as Williams and Wolfus, but this year he has
a new company, which includes Joan
Halpin, Ed, Ruby and Bob Qulett.
The act is entitled "Soup to Nuts,"
but Wiliaius insists its not a nut act
at all.
Wiliam Frawley and Edna Louise
appear in a vaudeville cameo entitled "Taxi Please," written by Pau]
•Gerard Smith. This is a very pleasing offering und usually stops the
show. The Melodies, though written
by .Inck Frost, are warm and alluring.     The   eminent   dramatic   artist,
DR.   F0R8YTHE,   PALMER   GRADUATE
Chiropractor, 709 Dunraulr St.; 10 till 6.
Sey. 6798. Ergs, by »ppt.; Sundaya, 8 till 4.
SEE US FOE
OPTICAL BEPAIRS
—AND—
SAVE 20%
Upstairs Rent Does It
PITMAN
OPTICAL HOUSE
615 HASTINGS STltEET W.
flpuWn, pT« WMlwortVi Storo
Mr. Howard Kyle and a carefully selected cast present "The House at the
Crossroads," which.ls also written by
Paul Gerard Smith. Mr. Kyle Is reckoned as one of the foremost character
actors, a good deal of his career has
been in Shakespearean productions.
A Gentleman ln Black. Mel Klec,
calls himsolf "The Prince of Wails,"
he is a blackface monologlst with a
new kind of comedy. Moran and
Wiser, present "All in Fun." These
two men hail from Australia and they
get their fun from stunts with the
national weapon, the boomerang.
Eddie Weber and Marion Ridnor
dance exceedingly well, they also
sing, and style their act "Just a couple of Nifties." Amazon and Nile in
"A Tropical Enchantment," present
a contortion fantasy, the scene is a
jungle and a pair of huge lizards dls
port themselves in a most astounding
manner. The Orpheum Concert Orchestra in selections and the usual
attractivo pictures make up a well
balanced variety bill.
Try your neighbor tor a subscription.
Your Vote and Influence
Respectfully Solicited
for
Charles Boardman
Candidate for
Parks Commissioner
OWEN FOR MAYOR
His record
his election for a
second term; give the
man a chance to complete the work he has
in. hand.
Let Owen
Carry On
Timely Topics
"pMMA GOUDMAN Is exposing the
"myth of Bolshevism." Certainly
there are many myths about any
movement of the people. But we
wonder if she would have exposed
the realities of capitalism under the
Czar. It would be interesting to learn
just how the lady would have tried
to right the terrible wrongs and clear
up the horrible muddle that existed in
Russia.
* *      *
Major Lyons' resolution in the
house In favor of flogging drug traf-
Ih'kers is certainly a step backwards.
Smivjc of the worthies who are sup-
I osed to 'represent' the masses eun-
n _t see anything of cause and effoct.
-<• long as we live under a system
which forces people Into vice as the
easiest way of earning their bread
and butter, which make illegal trafficking more congenial than the ordinary grind and monotony, just so
long will the drug evil exist.
* *      *
Those who endorsed such legislation concern themselves with the Individual crime only, whereas drug production and traffic are primarily the
handiwork of an international clique
of capitalists. The same day, the
snme newspaper reported that Geneva
was urging control of opium-restriction at the point of production. But
while proflt can be made whether
from opium or alcohol or human suffering or life itself, Geneva cannot
make much headway.        /
* *     «
All said and done there ls a difference in human clay. The British
government's demand of indemnity
because of the Sirdar's murder proves
this. The insignificant lives that will
be wiped out when Britain's soldiers
and artillery and battleships are made
use of, doesn't count at all.
w * *
The little clause in the "note" to
Egypt which forbids the holding of
political meetings, gives us a hint that
the fight in Egypt ls really similar to
the one In Britain and everywhere
else—the fight between capitalism and
wage-slavery.
* *     *
In spite of many Russian scares,
Britain has votetd 88 million dollars
to Soviet Russia. British capitalists
can't resist such loans, because they
knew they are profitable and secure.
But they would not like the ordinary
people to think any good thing cnn
come out of the Workers' Republic.
tf       *       «
We are glad to see that English
women are kicking against the word
'obey iu the man-luge service. The
use of the word may bo obsolete, but
the meaning exists—very mueh so.
However, until we get true sex equal
ity in the fullest sense of the word,
we cannot hope for class equality.
Wage-slavery is built on the slavery
of woman.
*"■*■'*
"Hands off Egypt" British press
warns France. France's suggestion
that the Egyptian dispute should be
submitted to the League of Nations,
has resulted In Premier Herriot being told to "mind his own business."
It is evident that England hns a reactionary form of government in
control. No other group would be
so imbecllic ln their attitude. It is
all right, they think, to meddle in
other people's affairs but when any
other nation offers them advice they
resent it. No wonder the old English
statesmen are losing ground in international  affairs.
*****
H. H. Stevens saves many lives in
London flre! We are delighted to
hear he has been of some service.
Here in Canada he has hardly been
so  useful.
**'■*
Killing power—"My daddy has a
40 h.p. car." "Mine has a 10 h.p,
one but he's already killed two men
with it."
* *      •
Tlio Ouly Victim
Daughter (pointing to rustic seat)
"You might   have    told    me   you'd
painted it, Dad.    Fred and I sat
It last night, and Fred got his coat
and trousers in an awful moss!"
Canadian Pacific Railway
TORONTO EXPRESS
L«av«i Dally at 8.45 a.m.
From Canadian Paelfle Station
A THROUGH TRAIN TO TORONTO
Stopping at all principal point* on routo
Carries etondanl coach, tourist ear, standard
atoapers, dinar and eempartmont
observation car.
Up-to-Data tarvlca
There are only two parlies In poll
tics todny, the capitalist party and
(he labor party.—Ramsay MacDonald.
Law was made for property alono.
-.Macaulay.
51111 IPivMU*1
THE IMPERIAL
L.IVM Daily at 9 p.m.
A Through Train to Montreal
Miking all Important stops, and carries
A Through Sleeping Car to Chicago
via Minneapolis & St. Paul
In addition to first-class coach, tourist car.
atandard sloopsrs, dinar and compartment
observation car.
ror al Inform.!*-* and nurvatiim and, it TICKET OFFICES:
»ano«iwr Depot. Hetal Vancaom or IM Haulms w.
WATCH REACTIONARIES
Let Us Oease to Exploit Other
Nations—War Means
Suffering
So, already, trouble is brewing; the
British fleet and troops are held
In readiness for immediate dispatch
to Egypt. Prance is warned to mind
her own business and told by the
Daily Mail that "what happens in
Egypt is the domestic affair of the
British Empire . . . which is not prepared to allow any outside Interference."
When will the great old British
nation realize that we have no more
right in Egypt or India than president Herriot has in Vancouver; that
if theae peoples do not want us, and
the Lord only knows why they should,
let us cease to exploit them, for that
Is all we are doing. So long as we
can give service, help, consideration,
to the nations who may welcome us,
so let us do, but let Canada watch
out, that as part of the Empire we
may not countenance such doings as
are already too palpable as part of
the old country programme to seek
trouble anywhere.
War abroad means no attempt at
alleviation of suffering at home; social
reforms, even such as are likely to be
wrung from the capitalist government in whose hands the fate of the
Empire hangs, would simply be shelved altogether.
The duty of Canadian socialists is
to watch our own government and let
us see that it watches out. and not
get us involved with the hot heads
just now in  Britain.
"EXCAVATIONS"
Choose Your
Phonola Now
For immediate or Christmas delivery.
$10.00 CASH
SENDS HOME A BEAUTIFUL
PHONOLA
CONSOLE MODEL
In choico On***, Walnut nnd .Mnhoirnny
voncori.    Willi   24   Intrst selection«,
your own choice.
Balance easy tonus,  without interost.
Pull Price $95.00
l.i-wlH Lends I   Follow Who Can!
LEWIS PIANO HOUSE
LTD.
1044 (iltANVIIJ.E STltEET
VANCOUVEIl, li. C.
Do You Know?
THAT thousands of people arc right
how free from stomaoh sufficing bo*
cause lliey talte a littlo Jo-To nuw
and then, Jo-To will give relief from
all forms of stomach misery in two
minutes. Jo-To sold nt all Drug
Stores,
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.)
Hoard of Works Payrolls
Editor 13. C. Federationist: At this
time It Is Interesting to- note thc
city's payrolls as before and after
the war. For instance, the total of
the board of works payrolls for the
first half of August, 1911, is $72,-
023.17, while during the entire month
of August, IHO!), the amount pnid out
was only $44,185.50, and for August,
11110, the total was only (89,664.28.
Tlie totals for the summer months of
the three yenrs are as follows: 1009,
June $87,689.34, July $38,r>42.8S, August $44,185.50; 1910, June $04,583,-
81, July $83,250.85, August $89,564.-
28; 1911, June $109,800.07. July
$130,017.70, first half of August,
$72,023,17. Thc great need of Vancouver at the present time is larger
payrolls than they wore before the
war. Mayor Taylor was In office
1910 and 1911. Thanking you for
space in your valuable paper.
JOHN CLAKKK
Vancouver,  Nov.  26,  1924.
You
suh-
I'aper Has Improved
Editor B. C. Federatlonist
Will hnd enclosed renewal o
scription to your paper. And might
say that I have enjoyed tlie articles
by Mrs. Henderson and J. S. Woods-
worth very much. Iu my opinion,
the paper has Improved within the
Inst six month.-'. Yours respectfully,
C. B. F.
Hossland,  B. C,  Nov. 24,  1924,
J" »■■*■■■■■"■»"■ nif ■■»„ lull B~a~ ••••-•-•»■"»..».. a,f*~f*"t-t-.'
I BRANCH NOTES 1
SOUTH  VANCOUVER  GROUP
A most successful concert and
danco was held In the I.O.O.F. hall,
SOth avenue and Main street, on Saturday, November 22nd. Songs, pianoforte selections and community singing with a throe-piece orchestra for
the dancing wero specinl features
or the evening. Another social even
lug along the same lines will be held
on Saturday, December 6th, at
p.m. Dancing 9 to 12. Ladies kindly requested to brng cakes or sandwiches. Collection to defray expenses.
Nominating Convention
A nominating eonvention wus held
November 21st. The meeting decided to run a full slate of labor candidates for councillors, school trustees
and police commissioners. For councillors, Alex. MacDonald, Lon EdffG,
O. J. Mengel, J. Auton and J. Armstrong. School trustees! R. E. Rigby
and A. Claridgc. Polico commissioners: W. Ford. To be placed before
Greater   Vancouver  Central   council.
COLLINGWOOD   BRANCH
The Colllngwood brunch of the
Federated Labor party held Us regular meeting at the G. W. V, A, club
rooms, Joyce road. Sevoral new
members Joined up with the party.
A discussion occurred regarding putting a councillor in the fiold in the
coming municipal eloctions. Mr. J.
W. Wilson was suggested an a candidate but declined for Ihe present until he could give the matter further
consideration. The candidature of
Comrade Geo. Hardy for tho reeve-
ship of South Vancouvor was endors*
ed by tho meeting. Mr. Chas Crop
ley gove a talk on political educa
tion nnd the need of getting our
young men and women to join the
party and become educated along tlie
lines advocated by labor. Comrades
Hardy and Dr. Lyle Telford are invited to the next inocllng to be held
on December 8th. Comrade Richmond occupied the chair.
[By John rick en shovel J
1WAYOR OWEN appears to be much
concerned with pensions for civic
employees, and admits that the councU, Including himself, has flirted with
the question long enough and thinks
that something should be done before
the end of the year. The reason for
his aparent death-bed repentance is
not far to see. The municipal election will be over by the beginning of
the year, and It would be well to
have some vote-catching bait for that
occasion. It is quite probable, however, that the civic employees will
know more about their pensions when
they get the cold cash. Meanwhile
they will have to be satisfied with
election promises. If their pensions
will be like the promisos they will
have dished out to them during the
next two weeks, they will have little
cause to worry.
* *      *
Lloyd Gebrge says he dislikes the
idea of loaning money to Russia.
He says: "There Is no security that
the money which reaches Russia will
not be spent in strengthening tho
Russian army." He is perfectly In
favor of loaning money to Germany
without question as to how it will be
spent. The money loaned to that
country, for nil he knows, may be
spent in again building up Germany's
industrial and military machine. But
that appears to be alright. The late
czar used millions of British coin to
build up the military force that kept
the Russian people in subjection, and
now that the same people want money
to buy commodities to fill the requirements of industrial development, the
man who prates so much about freedom and democracy Is opposed to the
deal. All the nations of Europe have
been using British capital to build up
the forces of Industrial and political
oppression, and have been doing it
for yenrs, to the Intimate knowledge
of Lloyd George and mnny othen of
his kind. It was perfectly alright for
British capital to back up Poland ln
its raids against Russia, and to assist
the counter-revolutionists. But when
Russia wants money to aid ln building up the devastation caused by such
internecine strife, Lloyd George
who was premier at the time the damage was done, is opposed to it. He
need have no fear about Britain's
filthy lucre building up Rusla's army;
it has managed so far to look after
itself without Buch assistance. Russin
can console itself on the fact that its
army is not enslaved to the pecuniary
interests of any nation, which is
more than can be said for a good
many armies.
Rusia wants the money for the purpose of building up and not tearing
down, nnd if in the process of Russia's
building up, it is necessary to buy
some British goods, and incidentally
relieve the unemployed situation in
Great Britain, the British workers will
have more to gain than lo lose from
the loan.
* «      •
Recently, president J. J. Warren of
the Consolidnted Mining and Smelting
compnny declared that industrinl
stagnation is threatened in British
Columbia as a result of what he
claims is excessive taxation. He said
in part that "unless and until a substantial reduction be made in the rate
of tnxation of the mining industry, it
is not at all likely that those having
the necessary money will embark In
this very hazardous business."
Just how much "hazard" thero Is
to Ihe mining business will be learned
from what the Vancouver Sun recently said about the same concern. It
snld: "Owning the greatest lead mine
in ^he world, the Sullivan, which hns
been estimated to contain over $70,-
000,000 in ore reserves, bnt with an
exceptional opportunity of multiplying this many times over, the development now in progress in ndditlon
to mnny other important and promising mining propertlse and powor installations, the future of Consolidated
Mining and Smelting company is assured."
And again: "With its loans retired from current profits, its small
capital and exceptionally high earning
power will make Consolidatctd Smelt
ers stand out umong the greatest
mining compunies in tho world."
As further proof thut the business
engaged in by this concern is liable
to full to pieces, just read the following from the Western Cnnada Mining,
Coal Age, and Financial News of September inst: "Stock of Consolidated
Smelters Jumped to $44 recently, $19
nbove par valuo," and add, "Tbis
proves that smelter operations In
British  Columbia pays."
If tho taxes jumped up in proportion as the stock values go up, John
Oliver's government would soon be
getting "staky." At all events, it will
be some time before tho Consolidated
Mining nnd Smelting compnny will be
on  the "bread  line."
Your Mayor- 1925
LOUIS D. TAYLOR
TNTBNDS to give you a
■ progressive civic government along the line of the
Greatest Good to the Greatest Number.
He ls opposed to the suggestion
that tenants register for voting
each year and to charge a fee
for the privilege of being a
civic voter.
He is opposed to a poll tax,
whether provincial or civic
He will accept full responsibility
for the enforcement of law, and
as the elected head of the police
force, will direct its activities
without fear or favor.
Headquarters:
Corner Bichards and Pender
Street.   Phone Sey. 7930
Peace.
It is neither the bankers, nor the
diplomats, nor the emperors, nor n
new combination of military powers
that will give us peace—but oursil'/os,
the correction of our ideas, the Increasing sanity of our minds, some
suggesting, some reacting to suggestion, but all in some degress a .Tooting
and being affected.—Norman Angell.
Moral Conduct.
Boundless compassion for all living
beings is the surest and most certain
guarantee of pure moral conduct.—
Schopenhauer,
Let us kill hatred. It ls the survival of the cave instinct in man,
which comes out of its hiding-places
under the name of patriotism and justice.—Philip Gibbs.
Your Vote and Influence
Solicited for
Wm. Coates
TAYLOR
Candidate for School Trustee
1926-26
Government nud Tyrauny.
Government began in tyranny and
force, In feudalism of the soldier and
the bigotry of the priest; and the
ideas of Justice and humanity have
been fighting their way like a thunderstorm against the organized selfishness of humun nature.—Wendell
Phillips.
You cannot govern a great nation
by amending and repealing the acts
of your predecessors.'—Welis.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
ROYAL
MON., TOES, and WED.
The Greatest Menace
THUHS., I'ltl. nnd SAT.
Hl'STEIt K EATON In
_The Three Ages
—BIO—
COUNTRY STORE
MONDAY AND FUIDAY
$200.00 In  Prim, Given Away!
snd 100 Tickets Issued on Car
AMATEUR   CONTEST    SATURDAY
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OF    THB    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS   AT  THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S,    For salo at all Government Liquor Stores
TW, _dVMt_Mme_t ii not published or di_pl_7_d by tbo Liquor Control Botrd or
by tbo OoTonunont of British Oolnmblo
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C.
Impallotico vs. Experience
One who tries to make plain it new
reform in (illicitly mnde to foel iho Impatience nf those who would master
In nn hour n subject that for years
taxed lho bruins of Its advocates,
William Lloyd Garrison, J wir.
Xo system could stund whloh shut
out vast masses of men und womon
from opportunity for service.—J. R.
Clynes.
Columbia
NEXT WEEK
I). \v. lirinitliH presents
One Exciting
Night
Also SeliNitlolllll Eplsmlo of
"HAUNTED VALLEY"
Admission Only 15c and ZSc
ttlss Amateur Contest Friday
ROSES!   ROSES!!
FORCED TO SELL MY HIGH-GRADE
ROSE  BUSHES
Price from 25c Up
W. D. JONES
Brockton Point Light-house, Vancouver, B. C.
Phone, Seymour 2051

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