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British Columbia Federationist Dec 21, 1923

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Array INDUSTRIAL sfflnTY: STRENGTH
COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)      .*.< pouticai-unity, victobt
FIF^EE?gE_f YEAR.   No. 51      '    FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 21, 1928
6c A COPY
§
\
Protest* Against Splitting Electoral.Riding of Nowcastla
—Labor's Safe Seat
LONGSHOREMEN APPILIATE
Labor Campaign in Burnaby and
South Vancouver Elections
Woll Advanced
AT Tuesday night's regular meet-
Ing of the Trades and Labor
council, Delegate Wm, Dunn took
the chair In the absence of President Neelands and Vice-president
Smillie, who were unavoidably absent. An application for affliliation
with the council was received from
the Longshoremen's union and concurred In.
Delegates from the Hotel and Restaurant Employees union and Cigarmakers unions presented credentials
and were obligated.
The Cordova street branch of the
Royal Bank of Canada wrote that
the report of their opening a bank
on the waterfront to accommodate
those working there was erroneous.
Flled.
The Dally Province invited the
council to send In names of those in
n^ed of a Christmas hamper. Last
year that paper sent out 1700 hampers to the needy. On motion the
invitation was accepted, and a $20
donation made.
The Longshoremen's union wrote
acknowledging with thanks receipt of
money donated to the strike fund.
A letter was read from the United
Miners, district 18, Calgary, advising
' council of the miners' strike at Edison.   Filed.
Delegate Jamieson stated that the
Sons of England band was now on the
fair list. Another band, however,
was placed on the unfair list.
Editor Hadyn of the official magazine of the Trades and Labor congress
of Canada .wrote acknowledging
receipt of $10.   Filed.
The net results of a raffle for beneflt of J, Robinson, amounting to
$1070.40 was turned over to the
beneficiary after all debts had been
liquidated.   Filed.
Newcastle  Hid Iiij,'
Secretary Bengough reported he
had wired Premier Oliver to the effect
that organized labor protested against
the splitting up of the electoral district of Newcastle, thus depriving
'Sam Guthrie, M.P.P., of his seat.
Concurred in.
Tho secretary read his statoment for
publication in the proposed Christmas
edition of tho Vuneouver World. Con1
curred in.
Tho chairman of the Labor Rep
resentation committee reportod that
the municipal campaign was well ad-
1 vanced in Burnaby and South Vancouver, The services of delegates
twilling to act was solicited. Meet-
lings of tho committee will be held
■ every Friday evening till after elect-
lions. Delegate Rankin is chairman
Tror South Vancouvor. Report adopt-
|ed.
Delogate Showier reported that the
hast whist drive and dance was a big
puccess. The noxt function will be
held Friday night in the Cotillion
Khali. In January the prizes to be
|-rivcn away is valued at $65.
Delogate Hunt reported attending
meeting of tho B. C. Art league.
Delegates were welcome to vlBit the
art gallery where there was a large
number of valuable pictures on display. The support of the council was
tvnnted to get a grant from the city.
Approved.
Unions Report
, Delogate Graham of the Hotel and
fttestaurant Employees union stated
|hat trado waa quiot. Delegate
howler, reporting for the Milk Drivers, requested that all users of milk
lut out their bottles, as the drivers
tare charged Ave cents each for
|ottlen on their route not returned
fo the dairy. Delegate Hay of the
J'lumbers and Steam-fitters said that
prospects were bright for the coming
fear. Cigar-makers reported trade
(Continued on page 4)
>v Schedule for Portland to
, Beeome Effective on the
^V \    1st of January
%:^   -	
WORKING RULES POR MEN
Ninety Oents an Hour Straight
Time and $1.25 an Hour
for Overtime
A PORTLAND despatch says that
wage increases for Portland longshoremen from 80 to 90 cents an
hour straight time and. from $1.20 to
$1.36 cents an hour overtime were
announced Saturday by the Portland
Waterfront Employers' association
and the Portland Stevedoring company, effective January 1. More than
1000 men will be affected by the advanced scale, of whom 400 are employed by the Portland Stevedoring
company and the others at the neutral hall, 84 North Fifth street.
Working rules and other features
of the system under which the men
are employed will be gone over this
week but it has not been indicated
changes of consequence are prospective. Cargo on shipping board
steamers is handled by the Portland
Stevedoring company and a contract
between that corporation and the
shiping board, which expired recently, has been renewed for another
year.
Recently an inerease waa granted
San Francisco longshoremen and it
is understood Puget Sound employers
have the mattor of a change In the
wage scale under consideration.
ll HIGHER Mill
S. Civil Servants Want to Increase Present Maximum
of $700 to $1200 ,
A Washington, D. C, despatch says
lhat the organized government employees affilliated to the A, F. of L„
pill urge upon congress the need for
nproving the present Retirement act.
these unionists aro working through
he joint conference on retirement,
Jrhlch they have organized for that
purpose,    Under  tlie  present  law  a
till way mail clerk is retired at tho
■ge of 62, a post ofilco clerk at the
jjo of Co and othor government em-
lloyeos at the age of 70. Tho maxl-
Iium annuity is $700. The joint con-
Jbronce has ondorsed a bill prepared
ly Congressman Lehlbach, which in-
IreaBCB tho maximum annuity tn
Jl200, and provides for retirement
tfter 30 years' service, regardless of
IT THEORY DESCRIBED
How It Affects the Prosperity of
the People and that of
the Country
Different parcels of lnjul have different values. Land in the business
section of Vancouver is worth $6000
to $10,000 per frotit foot, land on
farms in the Fraser valley ls worth
$150 an acre; land In Upper British
Columbia Is worth $40 an acre; land
100 miles north Is worth little or nothing. An authority points out that
the different uses of land are not
bounded by sharp lines. On tho contrary, the facts show different prices
of land in the same locality for different uses. Thus, in the centro of a
city, we flnd small residence lots side
by aide truck farming, and further
out, wo flnd neighboring farms devoted to nursery planting, and tho other
to crop farming.
This Is not only a fact to bo observed, but It is an essential fact in
explanation of land value. One use
of land Is moro profitable than another, therefore, the values are different. Whore workers are able to
claim the total product of their work
becauso thoy pay nothing to tho landlord or owner for the opportunity *of
working, ls the point, from which all
land values are measured. This ls
callod the "margin of cultivation." It
is usually where the most crude industrial use of land butts against wild
land. Millions of acres of land were
available In the frontier days and had
practically no value. It ls this no-
value land that gives us the starting
point for computing the value of land
today,
The difference between what work-
ers on the border land of cultivation
can retain for themselves and what
goes to the land owner ls "rent." The
rent capitalizes the land's value.
Lot us assume that ten units work
applied to border land result In a product, which can bo sold for $40 a
month to the worker. There will be
no rent. The ownership of such land
Is worth nothing. Let It be noxt assumed that a thousand miles away
thu return of the land will bring to
tho workor $45 of which ho keeps $40
and $Ii go to the landlord. Such land
becomes valuable. If condition becomes such that the return of each
acre of land brings $5, such land, assuming Interest at ten per cent, will
be worth $50 an acre. The point ls,
that value of the land and the rent of
the land are Inseparable terms. The
value of the land is the capitalization
of the rent derived of the land at the
assumed rate of interest.
Some one will ask why the workers
givo up this excess product of their
own; to the owner of the land? Because they are forced by the competition between the workers for the opportunity of working this rent producing land. ThuB the competition
springs up ln this manner. The workers cultivating on the no-rent land
who are not sure of their products like
the workers on the high grade land,
could easier cultivate the high grade
land for less than a monthly roturn
of $40, and the result of the lowest
price offered by a competitor will be
tlie nmount that can bo made on tlio
no-rent land. The differenco between this amount and what land produces elsewhere will go to the owner
of the Innd ns tho prico charged by
him for the opportunity of working
on high grade rather thnn tho low
grade.
ALICE IN WONDERLAND
Etocti Uwo Aldermen ud Two
Members to Sohool Board
Under V. E. Syitem
AUD.   EAST   AMD  FJUDIAY
Tnutees Barnes and Dr. Orang
Both Be-eleeted—Are Still
in Minority -
■THE Canadian Labor party at the
recent Bdmonton municipal con-
teat, elected two aldermen and two
school trustees, namely: For city
council, James East (re-elected), and
J. W. Findlay; and for the school
board, a A. G. Barnes and Dr. Frank
Clung (both re-elected). The election
was held under the proportional representation system of voting. Labor
has made a gain of one member, but
is still a minority in the city council
and the school board. Labor ls now
represented on the city council by Aid.
Rico Sheppard, Aid. D. K. Knott, Aid.
James Bast and Aid. J. W. Flndlay,
and on the school board by L. T. Barclay, S. A. G. Barnes and Dr. F. W.
Crang.
Changed to Monthly
The Industrial Union News of Troy,
I Y., in the future   will   be Issued
monthly Instead    of    weekly.    It is
owned and published by the Workers'
International union.
The gloss which comes from hard
work isn't always to be found on the
clothes of the man who has the genuine stamp of genius on his brow.
Al A-ice looked the cat slowly became less and.less visible, and finally vanished altogether.'
HID COil STRIKE
Operators, Miners and Big Consumers Preparing for It-
Meet in January
Ad vice:; from Chicago state that
tho preparations for the January convontion of tho United Mine Workers
of America, are drawing to an end,
and the perennial coal problem is
abain coming to the fore. There is
overy likelihood that there will be a
bituminous, coal strike next spring.
The operators, the minors, and the
big coal consumers are preparing for
It, It will not bo until early in January when negotiations for the renewal of tho present contract terminating March 31st will be opened.
The suffering amongst the soft cdal
workers is intense. Unemloyment
la increasing. The wages are very
low. According to so competont an
authority as Professor W. Jett Lauck,
director of the Bureau of Applied
Economics, only three workers out of
every hundred in union and non-union
fields received a wage falling within
the American standard of living.
Ovor eighty por cent, of the miners
do not get sufficient pay to onable
them and their families to live at the
level of 'bare existence,
Under these conditions the miners
are preparing to demand an Increase
of wages. The operators are bent
to stop nny further advance in the
pay of the minors. In the meanwhile
tho government is doing everything
It possibly can do to make the strike
ineffective.
Oood humor is a good habit.
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because Oeorge
does It.    Why not do lt yourself?
COMMITTEE IS ACTIVE
Financial Report of Vancouver
Civic Campaign Committee
Is Passed
On Friday evening, a meeting was
hold of tho Labor Representation
committee ln Vancouver labor headquarters. The meeting was a very
Uriel' onu and yet a good deal of
business was accomplished. The flnnncial report of tho Vancouver civic
campaign committee was received and
passed. Alfred Hurry, who had been
choson an tho school trtisteo for tho
South Vancouver campaign, tendered
his resignation and this was accepted
by tbo meeting. The South Vancouvor campaign committeo reported
favorable progress. The oommlttee
will moot again at the cnli of tho
chairman of tho parliamentary committee.
FIFTIETH ANNIVERSAflV OflEANIZATION OF WOMEN
President of Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Engine-
men Make Statement
In a statement issued from his headquarters offlce at Cleveland recently,
President D. B. Robertson of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen makes a plea for brotherhood spirit.   He says:
"I appeal-to each member on this
fiftieth anniversary to rededicate himself to the furthor advancement, of
our brotherhood that Its every ideal
may be realized. I appeal to every
membor to live the brotherhood spirit.
"Brotherhood! It appeals to us to
be better men, to bo better citizens.
It reaches down to the man who is
without the ideals so essential to his
Happiness, self-respect and prosperity.
. "It teaches tolerance," gentleness,
and it makes for better and happier
homes. It extends its protecting hands
to the orphan and to the widow.
"Brothorhood! Wbo is able to define its full meaning and its limitations? There Is no limit to Its benevolent and protective influences.
"Livo the brotherhood spirit and
extend It to others. Let us have the
biggest and the best of all brotherhoods!"
Tho onion Is strong evon though lt
does stay In bed all summer.
D. L P.
Re-elects Aid. Davison and Aid.
Little to City Counoil.
for 1924
SOHOOL TRUSTEE T. B. RILEY
Labor Has Now Four Members
Out of Twelve on Aldermanic Board
pALGAnv, Dec. 20.—Thc Dominion
~ Labor party la_t week re-elected
Aid. A. Davison and Aid. Walter Little lo tho city council, and T. B. Riley
to the school board. The dofeat of
Aid. R. Parkyn and JOBeph L. Aaron
I'or city council and Robert Cameron
for school board, was a keen disappointment to labor. Tho Labor parts-
have lost one member on tho school
board and ono on tbe city council.
The labor members on tbe city council
are now Aid. While, Aid. Davison,
Aid. Little and Aid. Ilusscll, lho Labor party havo therefore four out of
twelve membera on ibe council.
Pew in Union—Steadily Increase
in Numbers in Industry-
No "All-man" Work
The organizing of womon in industry has always been considered a difficult and fruitless task. Of the 8,500,-
000 women engaged in gainful occupation in Canada and the United
States, only a handful are part of the
trade union movement. Many reasons are advanced for this deplorable
condition. The chief explanation
given Is that women Is not as yot a
permanent factor in industry and as
a transient Is incapable of attaching
herself to any organization. Tho
fact, however, is that the number of
women in industry is steadily increasing and that they are entering
moro and more industries daily.
Only a casual glance at the occupa'
tional table of the 1920 census com
pletely demolishes the comfortablo
idea that there still are exclusive
"man" industries. Whether it be the
mine, factory or farm', nmong the
highly skilled, semi-skilled or common laborers, wherever men are selling their lnbor, women are found also.
B. C. Timber
How British Columbia's groat timber business hns expanded during the
last fow years Is shown by figures
prepared by the Provincial Lands de
partment. The value of tbe Umber
industry to the province Jnst yoar was
$49,477,000, as against $35,528,000 in
1916. The total number of logging
operations hare has increased from
1144 in 1910 to 2652 now. Reports in
dicate that the logging industry will
be very active next year.
A descendant of Lord Nelson still
receives a state grant of £5000 a year.
Correct this sentence: "I have made
ton gallons of wine," said the man,
"and I'm, not going to touch it until
it's a year old."
Alberta Federation of Labor Interviews Premier Orenfleld
and Cabinet
Edmonton. Deo. 20.—Last week a
torgo deputation from the Alberta
Federation of Labor waited on the
provincial cabinet regarding labor
legislation. Practically the whole dny
was spent with the cabinet and tbo
Workmen's Compensation act. thc
Mines act and a proposed txetAo regulate the hours of labor of employeos
of permanent fire departments, woro
discussed at length with tho cabinet,
Premier Greenfield suited that a number oT the requests wero of a reasonable nature and the government would
give them fair consideration.
A  bore is a man who hns nothing
to say ifnd insists upon saying It.
t1 P.
SOCIALIST MOVEMENT
"Its March Is tbe Product of Evo
lution That no Power on
Earth Oan Arrest"
[By Eugene V. Debs]
The socialist movement is today the
greatest and grandest on the face of
the earth. More than thirty millions
of men, women and children are
marching proudly to its music and
singing joyously tho inspiring anthem
of its ' approaching triumph. They
know socialism Is the product of evolution and that no power on earth
can arrest its march to victory. Thoy
demand the earth and all Its bounties
for all mankind. They ore animated
by the high and holy spirit of universal brotherhood. Reviled they have
been and will be, but they falter not
for they well know that they must
pay the penalty of being in advance
of their time and clearing tho wny for
a brighter day and a happier humanity. The countless charges brought
agninst them to discredit their movement are not new in history. The
great soul of Galilee was not only reviled, but nailed to the cross by the
Pharisees two thousand years ago for
His incomparably loving and loyal devotion to the lowly and oppressed.
Their Love of Freedom
Socialists arc socialists because of
their love of freedom and their horror
of slavery; and they insist upon the
equal freedom of all. They want no
thing and will accept nothing thut is
not granted to all upon tbe same
terms. They behold the poverty and
misery of the aged nnd infirm, the
sad-eyed and despairing fathers, the
weeping mothers and the pinched lit
tie fnces of thc babes In their squalid
cribs, and they declare in grim ear
nest that those frightful crimes and
cruelties shall ceaso forever, These
men and women stand for social rovo
lution; for the overthrow of capitalist
despotism nnd the roaring In its plnco
of an Industrial democracy, In which
the people shall own nnd control the
means of life nnd in which there shall
be work for all, abundance for all,
freedom for nil and leisure and joy
for all, and to this emancipating programme tho Socialist party is irrevocably committed, nor will It coaso its
agitation until its labors nre crowned
with triumph.
"Tho Ocar Love of Comrades"
With such as these men and women
I am proud and happy to cast my lot
I care nothing for the world's honors.
ItB prizes have no temptutlon for mc,
1 began life, If I anv not now, a wage
slave. And there I stand todny. The
happiest privilege I have is to call the
wage slavo my comrado. He and 1
were long In ihe trenches together,
We know each other, And we love
and trust each other. 1 want nothing
he may not havo. He Is my brother
and wben I clusp his honest hand I
feel a thrill of joy. Thero Is no slave
on earth who Is not my equal. Through
his mask of misery and his shreds and
tatters I recognize in tho vilest scavenger my brother. For him I am
ready to light, nnd IT need be, die,
There is where I stand and whore all
socialists stand—nnd this is, our free
lovo and Immorality. And when no
clallsm comes—jib come It will as certain as tbe Mississippi rolls tn the
gulf—If 1 am still living, I shall strive
to secure for my weaker brother and
sister thc same remuneration lho samo
treatment, tho snmo even-handod
Justice I  expect  for myself.
Tho present generation may revile
socialists and deny socialism, but futuro generations will mnke immortal
atonement.
U. S. PUBLIC HEALTH
Hard to Secure Medical Officer*
and Need for New Marine    ,
,   Hospital*
CONDITIONS SATBVACTOBT
Bats on Foreign Ships Constant
Danger at AllSeaporU of
Spreading Plague
OTTO MKBT the growing demands of
shipping and to reduce serious
fire hazards due to antiquated build-
nga, new marine hospital* are urgently
needed," says Surgeon-Qeneral Hugh
S. Cumming fn tb*i 62nd annual ro.
Pprt of publlo health service, just Issued. This report covers the 126th
year of the existence of the service.
While strewing the need for new
marine hospital* Md the difficulty of
securing medical pfflcers fpr the regular corps of the public health service,
the surgeon-general states that "sanitary reports Indicate that general
health conditions throughout th*
United States have continued as satisfactory as in recent years. In these
reports, year after year, It is interesting to note the shifting of emphasis*,
which is due In part to progress in
medical science. The present report
for 1928 shows that the plague work,
whicb has heretofore been the subjeot
of much consideration fn the annual
reports has, temporarily at least, practically faded from the picture. Both
human and rodent plague appeara to
have been eradicated except for Infected ground squirrels In California,
and all anti-plague measures In other
states have been discontinued. Owing to the difficulty of. completely exterminating rats on board vessels and
the present widespread dissemination
of plague, geographically, there Is
constant danger of the introduction of
this disease at all seaports engaged in
foreign trade.
A novel feature deals with the use
with which the public health service
is making of radio, for the dissemination of popular health information,
and the stimulation of a wider interest in general health matters.
Steam Kuglnecfn Meet
An enthusiastic meeting of the International union of Steam and Operating Engineers, local 882, was held
on Wednesday ovening at the tabor
headquarters, Vnncouvor. President
Charles Prico wus in the chair, and
two candidates were initiated. He-
ports in genernl were of a very favorable nature. Much of tho timo was
taken up in mapping out organization plans for the Now Year.
No Kaffirs Admitted
A London despatch says that the
president of the South African Miners
union has issued a formal contradiction of the rumor that nativos aro to
be admitted into trade unions.
Toronto to Dine lho Workless
A Toronto despatch says that plans
are being made for a huge Christmas
dinner to be given to Uritlsh-born
people out of work, who nKfivcd in
Toronto any lime during ibo pust
year. The dinner is to be given by the
Hritish Welfare league, and the Kiiosts
Will number 500. Tbo league welcomes newcomers from the British
Isles., and obtains employment for
them. The wolfare tongue also has
been enabled to have members of
families Ipng separated come in touch
with one another.
Tight -Agtiinst Swell t Shop*
A Chicago despatch states that In
their light against sweat shops In that
•city, organized ladies* garment workers aro arranging to Start a co-operative garment factory that will be
owned and operated by these unionists. The corporation will bo capitalized al $250,000. Stock will be distributed to members of (he union
only, regardless of locality,
The reason thore are so few female
violinists is that they can't keep their
chins still lung enough.
"Too Bad Labor Bank a Success"
Says Commons—Company
Unions Not Unionism
"It's too bad that tho labor banks
seem to be making a huccoss,"' said
Professor John R. Commons, author
of the History of Lalior in the United
States. "Labor surely will fall If It
competes with business in thc field
of business, for tbo psychologies of
tabor and business are fundamentally
different. Labor unions depend upon
a spirit of sympathy und solidarity,
while business depends upon an
ability lo say 'No' to one's best friend.
The real business of labor is to lay
down the rules for capitalism as It
affects  industry."
"Company unions?" said Professor
Commons with scorn. "Ob, compnny
unlona have nothing to do with trnde
unionism. They are Just lnbor management." PAGE TWO
fifteenth ____. No. 5.i BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopver, b.o.
FRIDAY December 21, 198a
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Foderationist
Busihg-sb and Editorial Oflico, 1120 Howo at.
Editorial Board: P. K. Bengough. lt. II. Noel-
ands, Georgo Bartley.
fi LETTERS TO
ED
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 10c per momber por
month. _ n
Ontty of labor:   The Hope of tho World
FRIDAY Decembor 21,  1983
SEASON'S GREETINGS
THE SEASON prompts us to extend
our greetings and our thanks to
our many business friends and sub
scribe rs for their steady and Increas
Ing patronage.. During 1924 we shall
endeavor to show our appreciation by
giving you tlio host weekly papor
within our power. Commencing with
tbis number, The B. C. Foderationist
in futuro will carry timely illustrations and other features thut will interest both young and old. For
stance, onc subscriber says that he is
up against thc labor situation dur
ing practically sixteen hours ovory
day, and would like a change once in
a while in his roading diet, besides so
much labor stuff. He reminds us of the
old girl who said sho didn't mind pancakes for a couplo of thousand moals,
but sho hated to bc lied to them ALL
the time. The Foderationist, with its
other features, will be made attractive
and enlarged according to its means.
And It will continuo to deal with the
great and endless problem of labor In
a reasonable and progressive manner.
ADEQUATE WAGES
IPHIS ADVANCED aad enlightened
age demands adequate and sufficient wages for all workers. Those
connected with tho building trades, as
well as other craftsmen, havo laid the
foundations of civilization, upon which
rests the progress and strength of the
nation. Upon their descendants will
depend the future greatness of the
country. To achieve this desirable
goal, the children of working parents
must needs be sent to school. The
state und captains of industry must
recognize this fact, as being a powerful factor ln preserving democracy, by
raising the living standards of the laboring classes.
The wage-earners must achieve
these things for their children, but'
they can do so only when not handicapped by an insufficient wage, declares Painter and Decorator. The
demands are so urgent that the scale
of earnings must tend upward at all
times. It is an easy matter to blind
fold the eyes of the susceptible public
whenever the subject of wages enter into an economic discussion. Unscrupulous'agitators will cite exceptional instances whero for reasons
peculiarly pertinent to spocial situations, tho payment of disproportionately high wages has temporarily becomo tho rule. These agitators usually rofer lo lho bricklayers or plasterers or railway enginoers, who in actuality form only a very small percentage of tho country's total wage-earners.
When, however, just consideration
Is given thc fact that vast numbers of
workmen must depend for tho most
part on seasonable employment varying as to duration, the few exceptional cases are easily discounted.
These mon nre entitled to belter
wages than they get, because of necessary family expenditures In contributing to our democratic system of odu
cation. II ls a situation that cannot
bo figured In dollars and conts. All
mechanics are mon with families of
growing children who, hy our Inws,
fortunately are compelled to attend
school and derive the benefits of pub
lie cd u cut ion. Then is it to be wondered at that tbo nation's well boing
depends altogether upon full employ
ment at tho highest wages compatihl*
with sustained demand?
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by tho management.]
Taj* ttuys vs. Community Chest
Editor B. C. Federationist: Are the
charitable institutions, women's organizations, servico clubs and the
city's unfortunates lo be sold to fill the
pockets of Yankee community chest
promoters? Certain local individuals
of the city are advocating the community chest plan to look after tho
city's poor in preference to the tag-
day system. Vancouver's institutions,
organizations, service clubs, etc., and
the public in general will ho interested to know of the methods employed by tho community chest promoter
and local committees.: In Portland,
Oregon, during tlio month of November, 1983, a community chest campaign was boing conducted, and wliich
was opposed by thousands of citizons.
Why this opposition? Because Mr.
Lyman Pierce, a community chest pro-
motor of Sun Francisco, carrying a
largo staff of assistants, had been employed by a committee whose chairman, Franklin T. Griffith (president
of Portland Electric Hallway company, to soil the community chest system to Portland citizens, but the committee did not make known to the citizens of Portland, thai they had employed a professional community chest
promoter—neither did thoy inform
the publio of the terms of the agreement which thoy entered into with
Mr. Pierce. The committee refused
absolutely to lake tho public into Its
corffldence, Mrs. C. B. Simmons (a
state representative of Oregon, and
chairman of the women's division,
which numbered 2000, organized to,
mnke a houso to house canvass—note
the women do tho work—for the community chest promoter), in a forgetful
moment, mado known the terms which
were as follows: Mr. Pierce was paid
the lump sum of |8O,000 for organization work and in addition, he received
per cent, of all monies collected
His several assistants, publicity, newspaper advertising, window posters,
headquarters which covered the maz-
zanlne floor of the luxurious Mulno-
mah hotel, etc., etc., were paid out of
the funds collected for the community
chest. It was rumored that the ''kick-
off" lunch served at the Multnomah
hotel was paid for by the funds collected. Upon learning the terms, the
women canvassers refused to canvas,
Irate citizens refused to contribute,
called upon the newspapers to make
known the true conditions, but as the
publicity committee of a community
chest campaign was composed of representatives of all the newspapers
(carrying full page paid community
chest advertisements), the newspapers
refused 'to enlighten the public, admitting, however, the truth of the
agreement,
System Not a Success—Franklin T.
Griffith, chairman of the community
chest for three years, went on record
at the very beginning of the campaign,
saying that the system had not been
success ln Portland, that the chest
had never reached Its objective, hod
not kept its promises to the institutions who had becomo members. Many
organizations boforo the ond of the
year were farced to appeal to tho city;
county and stato for grants, in order
to carry on and tbe women's clubs, societies etc., resorted to their former
methods, bazaars, teas, whist drives,
etc., to raise funds. *
Labor Oppose Schemo—All members of the labor organizations wore
solicited for one day's wage, which
was refused. The canvassers were referred to those who had created the
need of a community chest. The organizations were unanimous in their
opinion thnt.the system defeated Its
own purpose, In othor words, asking
the poor to lake care of the poor. The
methods of the community chest pro-
motor nnd lho local committee wero
condemned.
Tirg Days—It is true that wo have
many tag days, but lho results have
been satisfactory, and our Institutions
have been well cared for. The women's organizations reserve tbe right
to choose their own methods.
A   CANADIAN   MOTHER.
Vnncouver, B. C, Dec. 15, 1983.
p. S.—Would you endorse the community chest schemo with Its Yankee
promoter or tag days managed by the
city's representative women? The
community chest system roquiros the
services of the women's organizations.
—A. C.  M.
A careless man and a good job is
soon parted.
X-  ■     V*" f
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BOD OIIATCHIT'S CHRISTMAS DINNER— Dickons.
CHILDREN'S
CHRISTMAS
CORNER
What a Little Boy Wants
His mother took, him on hor lap,
And said: "Now, Buster, dear,
What present would you rather havo
If Santa Claus were here?
You must not ask too much, you*know
Because to Uttle boys  ..
Who ask too much, old Mr. Claus
Don't ever come with toys.
Come, tell your mother now with what
Would you contented be?
Wee Buster screwed his tiny face
In wrinkled dignity.
Ho shook his kinky hair about
And said with earnestness.
"Deed, mummy, whnt I wants is small,
An' ain't too much, I dess."
For just a moment he sat still,
Add nodded low his head.
As though deciding what he'd like,
Then this js what he said:
I'd like to have a kan'aroo,
A elefant an' a tagger, too:
I'd like to have a drate big cow.
An' a woolly dog 'at gees bow, wow.
An' a ship wif sails, an' a little boat,
An' a rooky-horse, an* a billy goat,
An* a train of cars, an' chewin' gum,
An' a mostest, biggest, bestest drum,
An' a lion, an' a teddy bear,
An' a Chinose dolly wif no hair,
A' nos-rous an' a nanny sheep,
An' O, I guess mos' anyflng
'At Santa Claus would care to bring!
'Cause none of these I've ever had,
An' dracious! but I wants 'em bad,
I hassent ast for too much yet,
'Cause dey's lots of flngs dat 1 fordet.
—Lue Vernon.
CHRISTMAS DOTS
Don't mistake careful "carving for
stingy carving.
Tho Christmas feast should not Involve a post-Christmas fast.
Whnt you get out of Christmas depends on what you put into it.
The perfect present Is that which is
purchased with more thought than
cash.
You should do unto others as you
would have thom do unto you—even
lf thoy don't.
If fortune has given you a little
moro than you noed, hand it on to
somo who have a littlo less,
Thoso who use last yoar's cards for
this year's greetings may save a few
cents and loso many friends.
AT WOMAN'S WINDOW
[By W. L, GEOllGE]
(Copyright 1922 by United Foattirn Syndicate.)
KEEPING UF ANNIVERSARIES
A HUSBAND onco said to a wife a brutal thing: "1 don't want a Christmas
■£* present. After all, ypu'd only be buying it out of my own money." A
remark like that is enough to crush out of a woman the effort to keep up
courtship after marriage; it reminds her that she has boon "bought and paid
for," and there ls nothing left but eating and sleeping until the time comes
to die. Also it exposes that a good habit has gone; the keeping up of anniversaries.
Anniversaries are silly things; there is no reason to exult on the tenth of
June because twenty-flve years ago somethife pleasant happened on the tenth
of June, but the world would be a poor placo without silly things, There's
virtue in keeping up Christmas, Thanksgiving, birthdays, wedding anniversaries. One may do so in a spirit of laughing disdain, or out of self-indulgence, but a sort of infection spreads about the affair; the laughter grows,
the disdain decreases; one is caught up by a vague kind of sentimentality;
one trios to live up to it; one hypnotizes oneself into joviality; when the day
Is done one observes with surprise that one expected to take what Mark
Twain called a "pleasure exertion" into the past, but that it has proved an
excursion. Anniversaries are balance-sheets. We put ln old joys as assets,
old anguishes as liabilities. And when the account ls made up the total an*
gulshes are less, just because they are old.     ,
suggest a bag. And "mother" may
have half a dozen. For "father," my
ingenuity might produce a pipe. And
"father" may not smoke. "Brother
Willie" might like a book, but Hhall it
be "Treasure Island" or "How to Manage a Motor Cycle?" As to "Aunt
Emily," she may be a staid old dame
who would like half a dozen handkerchiefs of sensible size and thickness,
or she might bea charming lady (as
some aunts are) preferring flimsy,
filmy handkerchiefs of diminutive
size. Or she may have loads of handkerchiefs or purses. How, my dear
"Charlie," do I know?
If you are really stuck, ask them
what they would like. That, perhaps,
Is your safest way out of your difficulty.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mall it to a>friend?"
Ruccoss is nol made by lying awake
at night, but by keeping awake in tho
daytime.
Come, make the kiddles happy!
That's the burden of this song,
•See Santa Clause on Christmas week
And they'll laugh loud and long.
The British labor party proposes to
tako steps to abolish all taxes on food
to abolish the entertainment taxes,
and to reduce the income tax.
Beware the "squaro man." He always talks and brags of his heroism,
fearlessness and superior knowledge
of labor affairs. Union mon should
know him.
I havo always thought Christmas an
a good time, a kind, forgiving, generous, pleasant time; a timo whon men
arid women seem by one consent lo
open their hearts freely, and so I say,
God bless Christmas,—Dickens.
A local politician says tbo money
spont on booze Is onc of the main
causes of unemployment. This is a
libel on labor. Anywny tbo prloo of
govcrnmont-sold "Christmas chOor
savors a hold-up.
A prominent church council Is con
siderlng the revision of lho text of the
Ten Commandments in certain respects, and wo should think modern
business would have some arguments
to advance In support of making lhal
ono about stealing a Uttle lest, drastic
—Ex.
l'ropim- for Noxt Civic Elections
Kdilor B. C. Fedorationist: As
\yo outsiders and non-partizans produced* labor went down to defeat in
the    recent    elections.   Until    labor
lon lsts recognize thut thoso unorganized aro far greater in number
thnu tlie organized, tho voting results
will ever lie tho same. You had a
strong slate, and through prejudice,
you did not use it. To got results, you
must Immediately start to reorganize
for next eloction. Noininn.it* candidates who are publicly known, Thus
Bx-mayor Taylor for mayor; pottl-
pieee, Telford and Mr. McOeor, aldermen. This slate would split the conservative vote. Thou unite the organized and unorganized forcos, etc.
.Start out by asking each union momber to join a politicnl labor forco and
contribute 25 Cents, each. Send loiters
and cards to all elly homos, Havo
a dolinito platform for such totters,
Invite nil, both inside and outsido
unions, to join tho political organl
Ration and if Impossible to attend
meetings (somo would got flred, In
finding myself if they did ho), lo Join
through mnil. Every month or so,
send a phnmplet of what progress is
being mado lo all membors. To con-
solldate union membership undor ono
body; lo got strong unions lo organize non-union fractions indirectly until unionism is consolidated. For
eortain elements would otherwise
smash it. When you nominate your
political slate havo an outsider especially for mnyor lo enter lbe fiold
and withdraw at lho eleventh hour
In favor of your candidates—I hus up-
gettlng tlm oloment who devises three-
cornered contents so thoy got control.
This Is an  old  politicnl stunt,   Vlg-
CHRISTMAS TREE
The  Christmas tree  felt overdressed
With  candles,    gifts,  and  colored
balls;
Although admired by evory guest
The Christmas tree folt over-dresBed.
Indeed, it candidly confessed,
"This sort of thing so quickly palts!"
The Chriistmas tree felt overdressed
With candies,   gifts,   and   colored
balls.
In spito of this lt felt forlorn
Whet) all Us candles burnt away;
And there lt stood, of glories shorn,
In spite of this it" folt forlorn.
It had derided, laughed to scorn,
Its trappings, glittering and gay
In spite of this It folt forlorn
Who.i  all its candles  burnt away.
—Leslie M. Oyler,
YULETIDE  CATCHES
Which Is the most cheerful joint for
Christmas? A turkey; It always has
!a merry thought.
When does a Christmas plum-pudding wish it had been wiser?
When it knows it has been woll
done.
When is a mince pie like a barome-
te/7 \
When it goes down quickly.
Why is a goose a very credulous
bird? i .**&,
Because it raises no objection lo being "stuffed."
What mournful sound at a Christinas dinner Is cheerful to hear?
Tho groaning of the table,
Whose toes aro always found on the
Christmas dinner-table?
The potatoes.
When is a Christmas diner like bus
without an empty seat?
When be is full up,
Why are sailors' Christmas dinners
very peculiar?
Becauso they are rum affairs.
What is It that most boys never have
at Christmas?
They never have enough,	
THE OLD I'ltOHU.M
I'm sorry, "Charlie," but you overrate my powers, I oannot undertake
to select your choice of presents to
your various friends nnd relatives. If
I did, ten to one I should land thom
with articles thoy did not want.
For "mother," for instance, I might
Drugless Healing
\W"E aro, the only Sonipractio
Physicians in B. C, who
have the equipment to givo a
full Sanipraetic course of treatment, and the only Sanipraetic
Physicians who havo diplomas
for Electro-therapy and Splno-
therapy,
WE GIVE NO PAIN
Over 25  years'  practical experience.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard  Bank  Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
We represent the American University
of Sanipraetic, Seattle, Wuh.
orously keep labor's platform beforo
tho public all summer, and capitalize for their bonefit any development
or progress obtained through labor
as In other countries, especially Australia and Great Britain.
ONE   INTERESTED,
Vancouvor,   B.C.,   Dec.   20,   1923.
The Ideal Gift
FOR CHRISTMAS
WILLIAM TELL
CIGARS
Union made.  None better
The Brew for YOU
Because:
"Caeca—" eland, for all that le good In
beer brewing. It ha. behind it the
resource, of the mott eclentitsc plant iss
the Weit. It Indicate, purity beyond
reproach. It euree the longeet thirst,
Invitee the palate, bring, the healthy
glow of good cheer and content. It ie
the Million-dollar Brow— browed for
YOU.
Get acquainted with
"Cascade" at the Government Liquor Store today.'
VANCOUVER BREWERIES
LIMITED
ThlB advertisement la not published or displayed by the Liquor Control
Board or by tho Oovernment ot British Columbia,
Store Opens at fl a.m..and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Gift Umbrellas
f\V fine black gloi'ia c.loth with 8-rib steel frame
and white, blaek, amber or grey fancy tips. All
thc newest handles with ring or strap. Featuring
three attractively priced groups al $6.50, $7.50
and $8.50.
DAINTY GIFT HANDKERCHIEFS of fine lawn or
linen.in effective colors, with neat hem and embroidered corners, at 35*0 each.
Also many others for women, as well as a choice
selection for men and children.
—Drysdnle's Handkerchief Shop, First Floor
576 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
Man Must Return to Nature
for Health and Happiness
Christ Is Here a Human Being
Road this book, SOc postpaid
L. E. SENEY, 306 Jackson Ave
Vancouver, B. C.
LOVELY FROCKS
At tlio "Famous"
YOU must nee thoie captivating new
designs in Canton Crepes, Velvets,
Sitin Cantons and Beaded Georgettes-'
dresses yon will be proud to wear for any
occasion—selling now at special "Famous" prices showing more value per dollar than you would think possible.
CLOAK and
[SUIT CO. Ud.
623 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Ring up Phono Seymour 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Sulto   S01   Dominion   Building
•WANCOUVBR, B. C.
Famous
"How wonderful Is the human voice,
It is Indeed tlio organ of tho soul."
—Longfellow.
UTT IS Indeed the organ of tho soul!"
J. Eaeh Inflection of your voice has a
moaning for those who know you, Nothing may substitute for It. Your voloe is
you I
When you have hows for a friend—
when a business matters neods attention—
whon you wish to bring joy to thoso at
home—sond your voice—yourself—on the
errand.
All this company's telephones are avail*
able day and night.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
TTAVE you over hnd u real drink
J-l of Puro Apple Cider during the
lost fow years?
To meet tho desires of many clients,
we havo introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple eider in pint bottles,
either pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard applo cidor. Theso drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
carbonio acid gas or preservatives of
any naturo. Writo or phone your ordor
today, Highland 90,
VAN BROS, LTD.
Cider Manuf.cturors
1965 Oommerdtl Drln, Vaneoaver, B. O.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBISSEBS, SOUOITOBS, BIO.
-01-408 MltropoUtu BnlMllf
197 Bt-tlagl St. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
T.l.p_on.i: Seymour 8068 ud 6887
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 OMifla stmt
Bonder eerrleoo, 11 a.m. and 7(80 pjn.
Bunder achool immediately foliowlai
morning aerrlfl*. Wedneider teellmonlal
meeting, 8 p.m. tn. reading room,
001-008 Blrke Bldg.
B. r. Harriion
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING 00., LTD.
AMBCIiANOE SERVICE
SSS KMOSWAT       VAM0ODVBB, B.O.
Fbon. Falraon. SS
Mainland
Cigar Store
S10 OAKHAM, STREET
THE PLAOE F0S PIPES
___.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 H  CORDOVA STBEET EAST
Everything Modern
IlntcH Reasonable
EMPIRE GAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Ent1'
HASTINGS   ANO   COLUMBIA    ST^J
—="LAID OFF"=—
Two Short Words, Brldgfni the Gulf Between
COMPORT and POVERTY
Bar. ron protected jonraelf and ronr familr agalnat anek aa emergMer,
«ltk a SA VINOS ACCOUNT— tke moit raluabli Aaaet a man eaa kare tor
tke "RAINT DAT."
We STBONOLT BECOMMIND ron to atari look an aeeonnt AT ON0I,
at one of oor Citr Branekea*
HAST»as and SBTMOOB Om. I. Harmon. Hanagar
Cordon ud Abbott Main and SStk Art. Kala aad Broadway
'    WHERE TOU WILL BE0BIVE FBOUPT ABD OOOSTEOUS AIIBMTIOB
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If yoa are living ia a community not provided with Banking facilities, addreu u by mall, and we will be glad to guide you In reipedt to "Banking by Mall."
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt 'service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey, 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C.
1 ItlDAT December 21, 1923
fifteenth year. no. fi BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c
PAGE THREE
Still time to take
advantage of this
Special Offer
Usual prices on
every type of
dentistry
Tho same high quality materials.
Thc same high grade work.
The same modern equipment as I have always
maintained during 17 ytmva' practice.
-   Thc same in every way except thc cost.
Thc offer includes O'owns and Bridgework, Extractions and
Fillings, Expression Hates, Pyorrhoea Treatments, etc., on all
of which I give my usual 15-year Written Guarantee.
OaU today for estimate
Dr. BRETT ANDERSON
"i-'urmorly membor of tho faculty, of tlie Collogo of Dentistry. University of
Southern Cnlifornin; lcctiuur on Crown nnd llri-.lni.work; demonstrator In
IMntcwork and Ojiorativo Dentistry, local and general nntoBthesin.
602 HASTINOS STREET WEST
(Cornel* Seymour)
rilono Seymour 3331.   Open Tuesday nnd Friday evenings.
Vancouver Uniona
NCOUVEB TRADES AND LABOR
louncil-—President, R. H. Noelandi, M.
A.; general Becrotary, Percy R. Bengongh.
co: SOS, 919 Pender St. Weet. Phono Sey.
*>. Meets In Labor Hail at 8 p.m. on
first and third Tuesdays in month*
LIED PBINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
Meeta socond Monday ln the month* Pre*
ent, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Neel-
-    P. 0. Boi 60*	
lis.
DERATED   LABOR   PARTI,   146   COR-
ova Street West—Business meetings
Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
Irman; E. H. Morriion, sec-treas.; Oeo.
Harrison, 1189 Parker Streot, Vancouver,
0., corresponding secretary.	
any diatrict tn Britlah Colombia desiring
ormatlon re securing speakers or the Ior*
tlon of looal branchei, kindly communicate
h Provincial Secretary J. Lyla ftttrt
, Birka Bldf., Vancouver, B. 0. Tel.*
me Seymonr 1892, or Ptlrmont 41188.
KERY SALESMEN, LOOAL ».1—»»U
leeond Thursday every month, J19____*
 icratai
. Eaat.
inclal lecretary, H. A. Bowron, Ml
lghw«ll;
.9— llth
_BN_i_MK_F BARBERB' INTERNATION-
LL Union of America—Local 190, Van-
ver, B. 0*, meeta aecond and fourth Tula-
a in eaeh month in Room 818—81» tm-
Street Weat. President, 0. B. Herrett,
Haatinga Street Eaat; aeoretary, A. R.
390 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Sey.
Raaldenee phone, Dong. 81T1B*
ii,
.ER-UTIONAL BROTHERHOOD Of
lollemakers, Iron Shlphulldera and Help*
of America, Local 19_-Mntln|i till
; third Mondaya in each month. Pj.il*
jt P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraaer. OBjei
om 808—819 Pender Street Weat.   OBoi
tta. 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 8 p.m. ;
mLAYEBS AND MABONB—Ir you MM
i
irloklavers or masons  for boiler worka,
« marble aettere, phone Brloklayera'
ion, Labor Temple.	
_t__ BROTHERHOOD Of CARPENTERS and Joiners, Local 152-Preeident,
W Hatley; recording socretary, W. Page;
dneas agSnt, Wm. Dunn. Often: Room
i—319 Pendor Street Weat. Meeti ■•<*•■*
I fourth Mondaya, 8 p.m., Room 6, 810
nder Street Weit.	
VIO EMPLOYEES UNION—Meeti fint
I third PrUnyi in each mouth, at 148 Co-**
>a Stroet Weit. Preildent, David Cuthlll,
59 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
rrison. 1189'Parker Street.
OINEISRS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
Iteam and Operating. Local 844—Meoto
rr Thursday at B p.m„ Room 807 Labor
mile.   Preildent, J. Flynn: business agent
VI financial secretary, F. S. Hunt; recording
rotary, D. Hodgea.
TYT-WSfIOHTEBS BUM "0* 18—
Presidont, Noll MacDonald, No. 1 FirehaU;
^ C. A. Watson, No. 8 FirehaU.
Wlkinsi
BEST
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Our Educational System
WHAT SHOULD BE ITS AIM?
-[By CLEMENT MANTHANO]-
THE SUPREME achievement of llfefused ln up-to-date Behools (as well aa
Is tho highest mental, moral and
physical development of the individual. That-ought also, to be the supreme object of all education. All children are entleled to a fair chance—
clever, average, deficient—every child
has a right to education suitable to
its special case, to ftt lt for the work
that it should do. Does our present
system of education do this? Who
haa planned It up to date? Special
clasaes?   The people?
The greatest assistance that tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render ua at this time, ts by securing a
. subscriber. By doing so yon
spread the news ol the working class
movement and assist ns.
**NERAL ' LABORERS UNION-MEE-S
■overy fint and third Monday in room 812—
\> Pender Street Wost. President, J. H.
Jrathorno; financial secretary, A. PaM*™,*
fyco lloud Post Offlco, Vancouver, B.C.,
fording socretary, Q. Tether, 2249-4Dth
le. East, Vancouver, B. 0.
iTEITAND RESTAURANT Employee!
nlon, Local 28-441 Seymour Street,
ts first and third Wednesdays at 2.30
Second ond fourth Wednesdays ot
„ m. Executive board moots every
.aday at 8 p.m. Preildent, W. A. Colmar*
tuna agent, A. Oraham.   Phone Seymour
..INKERS - INTERNATIONAL UNION
If Steam and Operating, Local 8j**—
Toll ovory Wodnesday at 8 p.m., Room
i Labor Temple. Prosidont, Charles Pr'co;
llncBB agent and financial eecretary, F. L.
ot;   recording socretary, J* T. Venn.
rCHINISTS LOCAL 182—Preeldent, Lee
Boorge; secretary, J. 0. Keefe; bullness
Int, P. R. Bonjough. Offlco: 809, 819
|dor Street West. Moeta in Room 318—
I Pondor Streot Weit, on flrit and third
irtflaya in month.
lOHINISTS LOCAL 699—Preildent, Ed.
T>awson; locrotory, R. Hirst; oJ«alnMl
Lit PR. Bongough. Offloe: 809—819
Eder Street West. Meets in Room 8—
1 Pender Street Weit, on second and 4th
todays tn month,
IBICIANS " MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
iNION Local 146, A. F. of M.-M..U at
Hall. Homer 8treet, aecond Sunday,
J a_n Prosidont, Ernest 0. Miller. 991
lion Stroet; iecretary, Edward Jamleson,
1 Nelson Streot; financial aocrotary, W. J.
flams, 991 Nelson Street: organiser, F.
Wetter. 901 Nolson Streot.
AtHERHBOD OF PAINTERS, UKCClRA*
|0US and Paperhangers of America. Local
, Vancouver-Meets 2nd and 4th Thurs*
i at 141 Coidova Street Wost.    Phone,
8510.   Buslnesi Agent, H. D. Collard.
IE DRIVERS, BRIDllE, WHARF AND
look Builders, Local No. 2404--Meet, at
f Hutings Street West every Friday, at 8
Jl Jaa. Thompson, financinl secretary.
|roRS'_UNION OF TIIE PACIFIC, 185
V-lova St. West, P. 0. Box 671. Photic
8703.   Meetings evory Monday at 7...U
_.    G. Campbell, business agent. ;
fcERATED SEAFARERS' UN10«W"B.
1.—Mooting nights, first Tuosday and 3rd
Mar of each month nt hoado.uarters.81B
Wva Street Wost. Presidont, D. O lies*
■ vice-president, John Johmon; aeeretary*
Isuror. Win. Donaldson, address 318-Cor*
fa Street West. Branch agent's addrni:
Krgo Faulkner,  570 Johnson Stroet, Vie*
B. C.
tefAND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM*
fcoyees Pioneer Division, No. 101-Meetl
■ p Hnll Eighth and Kingsway, Iat and
I Monda.a at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pre*
Business Is Better
Men's Leather Slippers, 6 to 10.
Special, at  82.45
Women's Felt Slippers, fur-
trimmed; 2% to 7. Special,
at  *1.7S
Boys' Rubbers, 1 to 5. Special
at  $1.00
Men's Old Country make Knit
Scarfs $1.50 to $3.00
Men's Initial Handkerchiefs;   3
for  $1.00
We can aftva you money on Christ-
nma  Ties.    It will pay you  to  see
them.
If looking for a real good Oents'
Cap, see ours—ve handle the Brill.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
281S MAIX STREET
(Between 7th and 8th Avenues)
rimiie  Fairmont 4859
their own). The average school trustee (the writer, has observed quite a
few), knows little about methods of
teaching and systems, and cares less.
He or she is to visit the schooi at least
once a month, the manual of education states. I have never known one,
nor have I ever heard of one, who did.
Now, let's get right down to, other
hard facts. AU the above_»legaHy designated officials represent us. Some *.„»._.,.,._.
of us do not believe that the present'ia n°fc * d«»*ht in it8e''; »"d e«ually-
botany, for instance, is not of direct
practical use to, say, any of the following workers: Plumbers, hardware
clerks, policemen, street railway conductors, motor men, millwrights,
chauffeurs, storekeepers, railway engineers, ^bookkeepers, milliners, elevator operators, jalntors, cookB, ship
captains, carpenters, shoemakers—
but there, I could give a list of scores
of workers and occupations, to which
you could add many more, and still we
would probably leave classes unnamed
to whom these two instanced subjects
above, which are of use or Interest
only to special classes, are of absolutely no use and, ln only a few cases,
of any Interest whatever.
Let me quote from Arlo Bates'
"Talks on the Study of Literature":
'No study Is of any high value which
n^*R?Sf!?SflRW™r.?»™iSnranliW
ORPHtUH\ CIRCUIT  VAUDEVILLE
—THIS WEEK-
OLOSINO SATURDAY-NIOHT
BENNY LEONARD
World'! Lightweight Champion
AND A SPLENDID BILL OF
VAUDEVILLE
NEXT WEEK ONLT
A "Peppy" Holiday Bill Keplatewlth
Features, will open on
TUESDAY   (CHRISTMAS)
NIGHT
Matinees Wed., Thurs.. Frl. and Sat
(No advance in Prices)
5 DAYS C
NEXT WEEK        O
M. Carpendalo, corresponding socrotary; 0.
Tether, flnanolal secretary; J. Halliday,
brpnoli organlier.
Who administers the syatem for us?
"His Majesty, by and with the advice
and consent of the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia," has enacLcd: "There shall be a
department of the civil service of tho
province, to be called tho 'department
of education,' over which the member of the oxecutive council of British
Columbia appointed by commission,
'undor tho great seal' to discharge the
functions of the minister of education
for the time being shall preside; and
the minister shall hold office during
pleasure, and shall have the management and direction of the department
. . . "A depflty minister ....
"A superintendent ot education" (to
whom reports are made by inspectors, etc.)
By the way, have you ever visited
the school your children attend? Have
you ever asked the children, when they
told you: The inspector was at school
today: "What subjects did he examine you upon?" Have you ever talked
with an inspector regarding some condition you considered might be im
proved ln your school? Or in the
system? Do you know anything about
the attitude of inspector, trustees or
teachers, toward modern methods as
applied to educational matters?
The writer once heard an Inspector
say, when discussing modern methods
versus certain of which he (the inspector) approved, that "child welfare work, psychological clinics, and
all that, are all bosh!" And when he
was asked whether he based his conclusions as to any teacher's ability and
general fitness only upon the number of pupils passed per year he replied: "That's enough for mel" (No,
the remarks quoted are not 'absolute-.
ly without foundation,' as some Indignant defender of "our" system, eaBt
or west, modern or antiquated, good,
bad or Indifferent, may rise to remark.
They were made in the presence of
several still-living witnesses.)
Next to the superintendent of education we have "inspectors"—whose
duty it is to inspect schools, etc., etc.
Then we have boards of school
trustees." Any person except clergymen) having ... the like qualifications as are prescribed by law for
persons eligible for eleotlon aB aldermen or councillors of the municipality comprised in the school diatrict, .
who is a British subject and 21
years of age, a resident of the. district, a qualified voter, or the wife or
the husband of a qualified voter, or
the authorized agent of a corporation,
entitled to vote pursuant to section
98 of the Publlo Schools act—is not
the wife or the husband of on existing
trustee . . . may seek election to
this office. The number of trustees
varies according to the* classification
of the school. Schools are classified
according to the number of pupils attending them and to their respective
municipal status.
In cities, the board will consist of
from three to seven broad-minded (or
bigoted) persons of varying degrees
of education, equally varying ideas as
to what is what educationally, and of
widely different occupations.
Who are elected as school trustees
in the avorage town or rural district?
So far as tho observations of the
writer go, covering a period of about
30 years in various places in Canada,
and several years elsewhere, the average board of school trustees is composed of the following: A local "capitalist" (any occupation) and two or
three unlnfluenllal, usually equally
narrow-minded, often uneducated employees or personal friends of aforesaid capitalist, or of his friends, and
the secretary, all of whom appointed
can bo relied upon to carry out the
wishes of the  .    O,  well, you're
an Intelligent person, supply tho missing word yourself. Maintenance of
the existing system (which has done
a. vast deal to create many presont-
day loibor probtems, In the writer's
opinion), being a cardinal principle in
the administration policy. As also Is
the slogan, "economy at all costs—
even If our children do not get a good
education!" Now, don't forget that
we (you and I), nre "the people." We
supply tho raw mnterial which, the
schools are supposed to turn out as a
"finished product." We squash school
bylaws. It's beginning fo dawn upon
fis that what wo ought really to do is
to squash the system thut tries to
train my Aleck (who l.i really smart)
and your .John (who is all vory well in
his way), and Callaghan's Mollle and
Mackenzie's Kirsty, and sonic millions more (or less) of the country's
finest assets, along identical lines. I'll
say more about this later on;
In the writer's opinion, tha property
qualification for school trustees (and
for all other official positions?!'ought
to be abolished. School trustees ought
to know something about the methods
system prepares our children as they
should lie prepared for the battle of
life; which may begin at any age in
places where children may leave
school or be kept out of school, systematically, and nobody asks inconvenient questions. The writer differed ontirely with the views of the Inspector earlier quoted, regarding
child welfare work, and psychological
clinics, and as" for standard by which
the (inspector) judged the ail-round
general fitness and ability of teachers,
it certainly was not "enough for" me
who, Incidentally, believes that direct
dally vocational training should be begun the day a child is scientifically
found to be mentally and physically
ready for it. That time could be determined by our specially trained experts (psychologists and doctors).
The "official" whb stands closest to
the children ie, of course, the teacher.
Tho writer feels unafble, within the
scope of this article, to do Justice to
teachers—good, bad and indifferent.
Therefore let us again consider the
system.
Here is a case which shows the
lines along which the long-cherished
system works: A boy (still in the
primary school), aged 14% years, Is
not "good at" spelling and arithmetic
—and he loves to '.make things." According to a manual training instructor
who saw his work, the work this boy
did before he ever had a lesson in a
manual class, was equal to that done
after long training, by boys who were
much better at spelling and arithmetic than he. Artists to whom hla models and drawings were shown, said
that these "showed marked talent, and
remarkable application in a boy who
Just thought out things, and then executed them out of such materials as
were at hand."
This boy was allowed, for a short
time, to take manual instruction one
half-day a week. Then, one day, he
was told that he could not longer attend that clasa, because he was ao
'poor" ln his spelling and arithmetic
class work. If veiled sarcasm and
open taunts from adults and juveniles
would have corrected these deficiencies ln these subjects, he would certainly have shown marked aptitude ln
them!
This boy ls ln no sense a delinquent,
nor Is he a mental deficient. Ke has
been compelled to take several yeara
over again because he was "poor", in
his studies. Any or all of the following possible reasons may" have accounted for this "poorness:" (1) Mental constitution, which rendered some
subjects easy, and others difficult, for
him; (2) frequent parentally directed
and approved absence from school
(3) the present system so widely used
which trains all children along Identical lines; (4) the Instruction received when attending school. Handicap
any child with any of the possible reasons given above—of course, he could
not "keep up with his class,"
At schools of the type he attended,
no official questions are asked whether
children are absent ono day or six
woeks. That ls where medical check
fng-up system is, or rather would bo,
useful. A written excuse, giving a
reason, which may be absolutely false,
for absence ls the only formality required upon return to school In nine
places, out of ten, in the writer's experience. And unscrupulous persons
take full advantage of that fact.
Tho point I want you to note is this:
The present system of education denies to that boy (and to all others like
him) the chance to work, under instruction, at the subject he loves abovo
alt others; to'do work which will actually fit him to make tbe fullest (or
any) use o'f his talents. Physically,
he ls not rugged. And he said to tho
writer the other day: "Well, anyway,
I'll never start anything again! What's
the use? You only get disappointed;''
The writer has known many similar
cases. What right have we to 'kill
ambition, and love of any honorable
work, for tht sake of a system, and its
narrow-gunge supporters, which leaves
any child, or class of children as miserable aqulpped educationally ns that
boy, and complacently expect no demand that no evil shall come of it?
Such children as the boy whose cute
has just been quoted, will never attend
a technical school. There ls so far as
the writer knows, but one technical
school ln B. C. nnd that one Is in Vancouver. What becomes of the - boys
and girls who "quit school," under 15
yenrs of age? What becomes of those
who quit school at IB?
What we need Is a system of education that will give: (1) Direct vocational training, to the end that overy
individual may become a useful momber of tho community; (2) will teach
the "threo r's" reading, writing and
arithmetic, and other useful subjects.
Now, whnt Is meant by "useful"
subjects?    A knowledge of Latin and
no study is of value which is pursued
simply for Itself. Every teacher
knows how futile is work in which the
pupil is not interested—in other worda
which is not a pleasure to him. The
mind finds delight in all genuine activity and acquirement; and the student must take pleasure in his work
or he ts learning little. .Some formal
or superficial knowledge he may, of
course, accumulate. The learning of
the multiplication table Is not to be
set aside as useless because It ls seldom accompanied by thrills of passionate enjoyment. Wo are all apt to
lose sight of the fact that wisdom Is
not what a man knows, but what he
Is. The important thing is not what
we drill Into our children, but what
we drill them into."
Do you remember your own schooldays? The "subjecks" you really
Uked (if any), and the ones you hated
most cordially? Didn't you grudge
the time you had to devote to certain
studies, because, you couldn't see that
knowledge of them was ever going to
be of the slightest use to you? Do
you remember tho weary hours you
had to "stay in" after school (often
perhaps you stayed in at recess and
noon, as well if you 'attended certain
types of schools. (Yes, I know what
the manual says about that), correcting work? Do you remember the
teachers who were not more interested in your studies than were you?
The dry-as-dust-atmosphere of the
average school-room ? The body-
cramping and cripllng fixed deska and
seats?
MERRY
CHRISTMAS!
GIVE HER A HOOVER
AND YOU GIVE HER
THE BEST
A HOOVER SWEEPER CARRIES THE
REAL THOUGHT OF THE
CHRISTMAS SEASON
She has always wanted an Electric
Cleaner. Now's your chance to make
her happy. Phone today for a demonstration—Seymour 1670.
Hudson's Bay Company
Our system of education is based
upon the presumption that (1) all
children are going right through the
primary and high schools and probably through the university; (2) that
all children should be trained along
Identical lines, regardless of Individual capacities—super-normal (like
my Aleck) Average (like—er—er—
like, well like other people's children),
the various types of sub-normal children (for whom I have the keenest
Bympathy—sympathy enough to be*
lieve that we ought to have a special
school where they could be trained to
become useful and happy citizens, Instead of misfits, drifts or criminals)
Our Present Systtm Holds Furthermore in Practice. (3) That it Is not
the function of education to prepare
all children for their life-work—but
to cram their heads with a certain
standardized amount of information
about a certain number of useful and
other subjects, knowledge of which
latter is of absolutely no practical use
to the child who will have to earn his
living in stores, or saw-mills, or stokeholds, for instance. As I said at the
beginning of this article, ovory child
has a right to oducation suitable to
his spocial case to flt him for the life-
work that he will do. Por those
who avo exceptionally talented ln any
way, means should be provided whereby such children would receivo the
help and training they deserve, if their
parents cnn not give it them.
Iteferenco was made above to subnormal children. Lot me toll you thla
—and tho opinion ls based on actual
working knowledge of, and acquaintanceship with many hundreds of
children, of all ages, varieties of temperaments, and degrees of mentality.
Many a child who ls dubbed "sub-nor-
mnl" by Ignorant people—including
certain types of teachers and inspect
ors—Is not actually much, If at all, be
(Continued on page 4)
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
iWliWHMiiWiiW
rarea.^ * *^^re>^**A^ram*^^r^irmmii^rtr*r*\^mmafm^M a ***\^*tm*'At^*tmm,rrim^j^i^a,a^^iaa^i
Why People Subscribe for
the B. C. Federationist
1. For 15 years Tho B. C. Federationist has fought the battles of a]l those who work for a living, whether they go to
work with a whito collar-or overalls, endeavoring to make
better conditions for all wage-earners and their families, by
helping obtain a greater degree of justice, better wages, shorter working hours and fair working conditions.
2. The Federationist agitated for and helped obtain sueh
valuable laws as the Workmen's Compensation Act, thc Minimum Wage Act for Women and Mothers' Pensions.
3. The Federationist is the only paper in British Columbia
that gives labor's side of publie questions, and onc should have
both sides.
4. IF ONE WANTS ALL THE NEWS, particularly
labor's side of strike troubles, political campaigns and fights
for better labor laws, as well as labor news of interest and
importance from all over thc word, ONE HAS TO HAVE A
LABOR PAPEB.
SUBSCRIBE FOB THE FEDERATIONIST
BOOST FOR THE FEDERATIONIST
Especially for Holiday
Season
BEER
ORDER FOR CHRISTMAS.   JUST SAY "BRITANNIA"
REG'LAR FELLERS—Jimmy Claims a Difference in Degree
-By GENE BYRNES
ErSing secretary. V. R Grllltn, 447-811
. E_«t." IrnMurcr, A  P. Andr™ i_fln»n*
I*. East.; Ironsuror, a .. "»*"'*' >„—sr_
Waaa—tt, and buB no»i agent, W. H.,00.
llTo6-17th Ave. W. of.. C«n.l[MM
■ Phono Fairmont 450-Y
I Main Streetl.  _. ..
fiRNBYMKN-TAII.OBH' UNION or
JffiXr"«•' "»• HS-MMtlnp held
I Monday I" eaeh month, 8 p.m. Pr.il-
It A B Ontonby: vl..*pr{iWenl, M«,
■_■ recording ...retary, 0. HaDmtU, P,
ji, 503: flnanelal iecretary, P. M.Noi.h.
■o   Box 588. 	
IfrlON--} eet» nt 991 Nelwn *l*ll«
on "be Tn.iday preceding the 1" Stm
0( Ih. month. Pre.ld.nt. B*. Vwil
901 Nelson St.; Secretary. 0. H. «n-
,„ 091 Nelion Sti Bnslnoil Agont, P.
ther, 001 Nelson SI.         —-
It   ]?   Pettlplece:   vlce-prosldent   .1.
'   socrotnrytreainror, B. B. Nee-
Box 06.   M.et. last Sni'^V'
In Lahor Hall,  819
I Bryan;
„"month at 2 p.m.
I.l**r flneet West.	
Jfer^-nSPEBf—TypooKApniCAi,
IS   Z   413-Pro.ld.nt,   ft  D. Mae*
1 i,    .trrnlirylreainrer, .1. M. Campbell,
'Vx "So*   M«oll I"1 T'mriday el each
KmrKHiTrAHTY OP CANADA-UUUi*.
■." i I sir... West. Bus ness mooting.
P^Ut Sid Brd Wednesday ovory monlh.
1    /    A*-.,iHT FOR*
/    ioO JlMMIt* D-JSArt*
/   ymt-s-o .ser *s°Mt!
i   if you WAlMA i^oW
\ suMnHiii' yoott THe
,  \ flats' UAH** 1^™*-
/        V, VlROLfc. W*-*l-->'
__wmL PAGE POUR
fifteenth year. no. 6i BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancoovto. aa
FRIDAY December 81,
Gifts Your Friends will Cherish
SLIPPERS ARE INEXPENSIVE GIFTS THAT ARE READILY APPRECIATED BY YOUNG OR OLD
Colors grey, navy,
Ladies' fur-trimmed Felt Juliet Slippers, with leather soles and heels.
green, wine, brown and black.   Sizes 3 to 8, at
a special price, per pair. „..,...„ „.„,..„	
Ladies' Calfskin Moccasin Slippers, with colored pom *p«m an
toes; a line that soils at SS.OO. On
salo at,
per pair	
$1.95
Men's Elastic Side House Shoes,
good quality of Mack or brown kid.
with turn soles;
Black, per pair 93.15.
flrown, per pair $3.85
Men's Drown find Black
Sid Everett Slippers,
v/ltls leather soles and
heels. Very good quality.  Sizes   An ne
atoll  $£s.yo
Men's Soft Sole House Slippers, uppers of brown or Hack kid; elk
soles. Very comforta-   da*|   ££_Z
ble. On sale at, pair...
Men's all-wool Felt Slippers, with
leather covered felt soles and high
'roll tops; sizes 6 to 11. d> -1 Q f*
KM. oer nalr.   *9*-.t70
Special, per pair...
PIERRE PARIS
51 Hastings
West ,t
Our Educational System
(Continued from pago I)
low par mentally. To so designate
bim Is a cruel injustice. The child
who has to stay in often after achool
to write- out the 400 or more words he
"miBBed" in spelling twenty-flve times
apiece, to correct three or four problems In arithmetic, who has to do much
home-work as well, and who struggles
with any study to the best of his ability, and Is told that he is 'stupid" on
every possible occasion, is probably
quite normal. The trouble lies in the
fact, that the system of education in
vogue Ignores Absolutely the principles
that "no study Is of value which Is pursued simply for itself," that work is
futile "ln which the pupil is not interested" . . . That "the mind finds delight in all genuine activity and acquirement." Do you begin to see why
the writer quoted the remarks of the
Inspector referred to earlier re "child j
welfare work, psychological clinics j
and all that" being "all bosh."
The vast majority of the children I
in our, schools will belong to what is
termed the "laboring class." That I
means that they' will havo to earn
their living by doing work with their j
hands (plus considerable help from,
their heads, of course) for wages.
The writer once knew a man who,
said, cynically one day: "It took
many years of steady schooling, and
a Cambridge education to prepare
me to punch time-clocks (aB night-
watchman) In B. C." That man also
learned how to milk cows in British Columbia. Now punching time-
clocks and milking cows are both
useful and honorable occupation
The point is this: the system that
educated that man failed, somehow,
to prepare him for the exceedingly
necessary business of earning a
livlihood. , Does our system do this?
We say to a boy: "What do you want
to be when you grow up, son?" and
Why buy an inferior product when you obtain
BEST at the same price?
COAL
WE EMPLOY WHITE LABOR—THINK It OVER
PHONE SEYMOUR 2988
"A MERITORIOUS SERVICE RECEIVES
PROMPT RECOGNITION"
Hence the Increasing: Popularity of
THE CONTINENTAL LIMITED
THROUGH STEEL TRAIN
VANCOUVER-MONTREAL
Shortest
Running;
Time
CONVENIENT
LEAVING HOUR
Most
Modern
Equipment
9.50 p. m.
SPECIAL TICKETING FEATURES
OPTIONAL ROUTES •••■ SIDE TRIPS •••• STOP OVERS
Canadian National Railways
*w**mmmaam¥et¥mmii.iiii^
Ask for
1
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
any of the famous imported
ales, and at much less cost to the
consumer.
At all Government Vendors
\
,
■
■
This advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia.
Our Rudimentary Organs
****** ****** ****** ******
Another Proof of Man's Evolution
T°
the believers of Creation,    thefbecoming a source ot trouble, of die-
he answers, "an engineer," or "a
farmer," or "a cow-puncher." So
we train him along the Identical
UneB (until he quits school at 14 or
15) that we lay down for educating doctors, lawyers, tailors and civil
service employees, and let it go at
that.
What about education for girls?
The writer believes that flrst and
foremost "a woman's place is the
hoine," and that the majority of
the women who earn their living outside would prefer to be at home, If
circumstances did not force them to
go out and work. The desire for
more spending money for luxuries,
or extras, and dislike of housework accounts for a much smaller
number of women workers. A woman
being a woman, and in, say 97 cases
out of every 100, likely to eventually
marry, she would be better equipped
for the job If she received at school
thorough and compulsory course
fii "domestic science," full instructions in the care of a home and children (not to mention the management of a husband—though most
women know how to do that, naturally—than she would If she spent (as
now) an equal time learning how to
congugate (Latin) verbs, or how to
flnd the original selling price of
brown-eyed horse, that was sold ln
who-knows-where, on the seven'
teenth of May in 1861, by a trader
to a friend who In turn sold the
beast for half what he paid for It,
to a cousin of his for so much down
and a town lot situated on the perpendicular side of a real rocky mountain. . ■ . Maybe you've struggled with
problems of this kind yourself? Believe me, the average man appreciates
well-cooked meals, clean mended
socks and Intelligent help ln locating
lost collar buttons far more than he
does hfs wife's ability to write essays
on "Browning's obscurities"; 'we
find the "Uses of the "gerundlal infinitive," or correctly classify "Patagon-
ica, Jacq.f var. gnaphaliodes, Gray,"
He doesn't care whether said Patagon-
ica is "white with silky wool" or not;
nor whether its leaves are "oblong,
linear to filiform, glabrous or lanceolate."
"What the writer thinks we need
a well-balanced practical system
of education for all people, planned
by property qualified, broad-mined,
and practical people. And we
need it, not in' five years or two,
but right now! Such a system would
mean that teachers would have to
work and be trained along entirely
new lines and that the old system
must go! Yes, but think of the
vastly increased number of skilled
and useful and happy citizens we
would have and the resultant, entirely probable, tremendous cutting
down of our unemployment problems If we had a better system,
Yes! we need such a system,
night Now—because the boys and
girls who are now "quitting school"
at will or because their parents and
communities don't care whether they
go to school or not, whether they are
fit to begin the battle of life or not;
are going directly to .swell the ranks
of unskilled labor and of the unemployed—not in five years or. two, but
Now! Whose fault is it that they
are unskilled? Your fault and mine
and that of the present system.
Why don't wo say right out loud:
"What we want and will have is an
educational system that will give vocational training, teach the three r's
and other useful subjects and have
as its .supreme object, the highest
mentul, moral and physical development of every individual in British
Columbia.
What are we going to do about
this thing? And when are we going
to do it?
A Union Ia What You Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that It is
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, Instead of a
knocker.
Haste makes waste and often makes
complications with the traffic cops.
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
sop
CANAI3A  nnd U. fe». ,\.
8 Union Musicians Employed Exclusively
LEND YOUK PATItONAGE TO TIIE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
rudimentary organ's contained in.
anatomy of man, as well as ln the
lower animals is so perplexing that
their existence Ib usually ignored, or
if admitted these vestigal parts are
passed aa evidence that "Ood moves'
in His mysterious ways," that we are:
fearfully and wonderfully made."j
To believe that an eternal creator
descended to earth 6000 years ago
and at once made out of nothing or.
of the dust of the earth all that lives,
nd encumbered animals and man with
useless or harmful parts, indicates
a blind faith and stupidity which are
in themselves evidences of man's descent from the brute creation. Laat
Friday, Dr. Curry enumerated and
described some of the rudimentary
organs which are found in the mammal and the man, and many interesting pictures of these were ahown
on tho screen.
tie also reviewed some evidences
coming from embrlology, - and explained that the Embryo of many
species including man for a time
possessed organs which now disappear before birth, but which away
back ln the history of their races performed an essential function. In
the -large eggs of birds and reptiles,
many transformations take place before the animal emerges from the
ovum, but with the eggs of flsh frogs,
insects, -etc., these changes take
place after the egg cell has performed
Us work. For instance, the frog
passes much of his embryonic life as
a free swimming flsh and then the
tall, the fins, and the flsh heart are
replaced by the limbs and organs of
the air breathing amphibian. The
Blogentlc Law is also seen operating
in the young of flies, fleas, bees and
moths. These on emerging from the
egg, pass through the worm .stage
before they arrive at maturity.
Barnacles and other parasitic animals for a time are free and independent and then adopt the parasitic
habits of their Immediate ancestors.
In fact, said the speaker, it seeems
a desire of all life forms "to take lt
easy," to get on something's baok, to
consume without producing and ft Is
even so with modern man.
Man's Useless Parts
Man has in his body as well as ln
his mind, the marks of the beast,
which are often painful evidences
that he has passed through a long
line of ancestral forms of brute life.
Every student of medicine end dentistry finds in his study of anatomy
some of these rudiments which do not
square with the creation theory which
was taught him in his childhood days.
The appendix vermlformis is a
source of disease and death, although
a financial advantage to the doctor and
undertaker.
Ernest Haokael in his "Evolution!
of Man" says: "This i_ a dangerous
relic, but was much largir and of
great service to our vegetarian ancestors and it is still such to animals
such as apes and rodents. These
rudiments furnish one of the clearest proofs of evolution."
AVhcn Wo Wagged Our Ears and
Tail:.
Every dental and medical student
learns the names of the now inoperative muscles of our ears, in fact our
external ears are of no earthly use.
They are a relic of our animal ancestors which perhaps accounts for
ears being hidden by many ladies of
to-day. 'But thesejvere of great value
iu focussing sound waves when our
ape preginators struggled for life ln
the jungles.
The human embryo ut one time
possesses a tall quite as long as this
embryonic appendage of the ordinary
quadruped, but like the frog, we lose
these at an early stage of existence.
But, said Pr. Curry, nature sometimes pulls back the curtain and reveals something of our distant past, j
for numerous Infants have been born |
possessing very conspicuous caudal
proofs of evolution from a tailed
race, A great many of these cases
of atavism or breeding back were
described in Max Bartle's book entitled "Tailed Men," These unwelcome relics are sometimes nearly a
foot long and they consist either of
soft tissue entirely or they may contain bony structure.
Hackael tells us that "this ls
proof that our ancestors were once
long-tailed apes," but our blue-
blooded aristocracy, although proud
of their ancient pedigree never mention thin fact.
We have also the rudiments of a
membrane which is fully developed
and still used by some of our fish and
bird relatives. This is used to keep
the eyeball clean, and chickens may
be seen using this nectitating mem
brane.
Our remnants of a hairy coat are
only useful in reminding us of
time when our ancient fathers and
mothers were clad exclusively in this
type of raiment. According to specialists of anatomy we have in our
organism about 75 of these rudimonts,
they have gono out of uso but not
yet out of existence.
Aro Wo Losing Our Toeth?
The speaker on Friday evening
stated thnt nature ls tho great economist and that organs and faculties,
which are not exercised weaken and
waste and finally loso their power
to function. It is a case of "use or
lose."
But man is to-day a conscious factor In evolution, Science hns mado
him a creator as well as a creaturo
of environment.   The teeth are fast
ease and sometimes death. With
production for proflt only, with eooked
food as it Is to-day served wo can eat
without teeth and we do so. The
struggle for existence ln the commercial jungle of to-day compels us tp
hurry.
Whether our molars are forced to
go the way of pur vermiform and
caudal appendices depends on how
we use them and how We live.
Modern science has performed
miracles in improving the types of
fruits, vegetables and livestock, and
even in creating new varieties and it
Is not top much to expect that when
the sceptre of political and economic
power and the control of knowledge
have been taken away from those
classes, which have for ages ruled
mankind through the laws of the jungle, and where these powers for peace
1 progress are vested in an enlightened democracy, even the destruction that to-day progresses ln
our oral cavities through the application of the science will In time give
place to oral health and perfect
teeth.
The subject for this Friday will be
"How Comparative Anatomy and
Discovered Links Support Evolution."
Trades and Labor
(Continued from page 1)
quiet. Two years ago 200 members
were locked out by the Van Loo factory and their places filled by girls
and apprentices. He asked that delegates patronize blue label cigars.
Boot and Shoe workers—This organization was getting along pretty
fairly since the strike of four months
duration in 1921. The Leckie Shoe
company had been requested to use
the union label on the shoes marked
as a B, C. product, Any support
coming from organized labor would be
gladly  reciprocated.
The council" then went into committee of the whole to consider the!
Longshoremen's publication.
XMAS GIFTS
—********mm*******■-•-—••■—-*****.*******************************m
NECKWEAR, Boxed, 65c, $1.00, $1.50.
SHIRTS, UW, $2.45, $2.9$ up.
SOCKS, 50c, 75c, $1.00, $1,25.
BELTS and BUCKLES, SOe, $1.00, $1.50, $2.00.
Big ^elections, Good Values
C. D. BRUCE
LIMITED
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of The Federations
can render valuable assistance by re*
rowing their subscriptions aa soon aa
tlicy are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe, it doea not take
much effort to do tills.   Try It.
There Ib more or less charity in
the heart ot every man—usually less
than more*
Best $2.50
OLASBES Oil EAETH
COMPLETE WITH
OU» 8C__!--_nO
EZAIUKATKWS
Glutei not preiorlbed uoleu ab*
■olutelr ncMHftry.    Exunlnstloni
msde by grtduite Eyesight Speelil*
lite.    Sttlsfftctlon gnirinteod.
Wt fried ow own lensei. Ltuni
--piloted by null.
PITMAN
Optical House
(-formerly Brown Optical House)
Be  lire  of  lho  sddnsi—Abote
Woolworth'* Store, neir
Orlnvllle.
Bulla SO, Davis Chimb...,
DIS HASTWOS STBBBT WEBT
 Phono Bey. 1071	
Good .behavior may be rather <
fashioned, but one never heard o:
getting a man into trouble.
W. WILSON
**m*r&********^t************
Loggers and Surveyors
BOOTS
Made to Order
, Our Specialty
Repairing Neatly  Done
28 WATER STREET
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Phone. Seymour 936
WE CATER TO THE LABOR
MAX
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetinga and the other fellow doeB.
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because Oeorge
doea it.    Why not do It yourself?
An  ounce of   honeat    criticism is
worth more than a pound of flattery.
OOHPOEATION OF POINT OBEY
HIGHWAY TBAJTIO BYLAW
ATTENTION is callod to this bylaw whicb
besides dealing wltb maximum loads,
widths of tiros, etc., requires that overy mo*
tor vehicle excopt & privately u-soil passenger
cnr or a hearse, casket wagon or iinitrn'Micc,
must have attached to each side of the batty
n sign clearly vlslbla shoving the maximum
net load of tho vehicle. The bylaw wit] t»->e
effect on January 9, 1024. A copy may be
had on application to the Municipal Engineer
at the Municipal Hall, 5851 West Boulovard,
and payment of 25 cents.
HENRY FLOYD, O. M. C.
Municipal Hall, 5851 West Boulevard, I*-..
13, 1928.
Fresli Cut flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND M_RS_C_mi-__-
48 Hastings Btreet Eaat        2—STORES—2        6BB Granville Street
Sey. ,88.672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-13(11
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
•* McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week. <
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Why the B.C. Federationist
GETS RESULTS
The B. 0. Federationist is the Official Paper of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Oounoil.
Prints more looal Labor news than any other paper in Canada.
Goes to press promptly every Friday morning and never disappoints
its readers, t
Keeps the workers informed of what is going on in the various organizations. Furnishes information of value that never appears in the daily
papers.
Tells the good things about Unions and members.
Looks upon the optimistic side and lets the hammer rust.
Keeps British Columbia Labor on the map by being one of the most
widely quoted Labor papers published.
Presents Labor's side of industrial and political issues in their true light,
and wins friends for Labor.
Gives results to advertisers, beoause it goes into homes of the best paid
olass of workers, and is accepted as a guide by Trades Unionist purchasers.
Tou must have the Federationist in the home eaeh week to keep in touoh
with the Oity, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Bate: United States and foreign, $3,00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1,50 for six months,
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
112? HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.

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