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British Columbia Federationist Sep 8, 1922

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 Sir '-"
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
Will Seek to Have Free Text Books for School Children—Endorses Lumber* rkers Efforts to Have
Private Employment \ .ncies Removed-
Hospital Aff ah V liscussed
the meeting of the Vancouver^
Trades and Labor Council held on
Tueaday evening was one ot the
best attended and interesting meetings held for some time. The
evening was given over to the discussion of many Interesting subjects from the report of the Trades
and Labor Congress delegate, to
school and hospital affairs* and
lumber barons' blacklists.
When Vice-president Bartlett
presented his report to the council, the interest was keen. His report dealt with many matters, but
the evident lack of constructive
effort on the part of Congress was
soon noticed by the assembled delegates.
Sam* Old Speeches
A motion to accept the report
started tha debate, and Delegate
Pettlplece complimented the delegates of the council, W. Bartlett
and A. J. Crawford, for their success in securing the 1923 convention of Congress for Vancouver, in
spite of the opposition of President Moore and Secretary Draper.
Referring to the report of the
speech of Samuel Gompers, Delegate Pettipiece stated that "Sam
has been delivering the same
speeches for a considerable number
of years," and expressed the hope
that when the Congress came to
Vancouver that something would
be done to impress the delegates
with a few western Ideas. He
urged the executive to start ln at
once to make the necessary arrangements and to organize the
West for the convention.
Delegate Hardy said that when
the councU decided to send a delegate it was with the hope that he
would shake up the Congress, but
from the report he failed to see
any shake-up, as the report Intimated that resolutions were passed,
but little discussion, and he endorsed the action urged by Delegate Pettipiece.
Delegate Bartlett stated that the
executive of Congress did not like
western delegates to take part and
took care that the resolutions committee was so formed that the
will of the executive would be carried out. He also stated that within a short time after his arrival at
Montreal hfe was told by a member
of the executive of Congress that
Vancouver could not have the convention. He stated that the past
should be cut eut and the present
dealt with, and unity sought.
Foderationist Helped
President Neelands asked Delegate Bartlett if he thought the Federationist had any Influence In
bringing the convention to the
Coaat. The reply was given that
he believed the Federationist and
the front page article on the matter was very effective.
Secretary Bengough then raised
the question as to J. W. Wilkinson's
attitude to the convention being
held in Vancouver, and. Delegate
Bartlett replied that Delegate Wilkinson, who was present and representing an Edmonton locat, had
opposed the holding of the convention In Vancouver. Delegate
Showier objected to Delegate Wilkinson being designated as a Van
couver delegate, and ln so doing,
stated "we cannot help him living
Trado with Russia
Reference was also made to the
speech which Delegate Wilkinson
had made at the convention opposing the resumption of trade with
Soviet Russia, and the proposed
loan to the Russian government by
Canada. This brought Delegate
Pettlplece to hfs feet, and he stated
he would like to see the speech of
Delegate Wilkinson delivered at the
1912 convention of the B. C. Fed
eratlon of Labor, published along
with the speech made at Montreal
this year, and then the workers
could judge him for'themselves.
After the executive's action ln send*
Ing publicity matter  from the city
pi |« '^ bureau, which bore the
un, $ abel, to the convention had
bee % dorsed, the report of Vice-
Pret £   t Bartlett was accepted.
\ Black Lists
mission of the blacklisting act. -fties of the lumber companies was brought up when a letter
from the Lumber Workers Industrial Union was read. This letter
Implied that some fifteen hundred
workers were on this blacklist at
the beginning of the year, and that
many men had been driven out of
the province by lt. ' The letter also
asked the council to support the
Lumber Workers ln seeking to have
the empjloyment bureau of the
(Continued on page 8)
Unemployed Committee to
Deal with Resolution
on 14th -,
Tortured Beyond Endurance, Worker Admits
Gary, Knd.—In open court here,
John Petrowskl stripped himself to
the waist and showed welts, bruises
and discolorations crossing and re-
crossing upon- his back and Bides,
Infllflcfited by the police to extort a
confession. Tortured beyond endurance, Petrowskl agreed to the
prepared confession that he and
others had "caused the Michigan
Central wreck near here In which
the engineer and fireman were killed. As soon as they had recovered
sufficiently from the pain and fear
he and the others, Usolls and Pop-
urvich, repudiated the confessions.
Alesslo, the fourth man implicated,
says he had nothing td do with the
affair, knew nothing, except hearsoy
and lhat he was a stool pigeon employed by tho New' York Central
lines. The hearing, which has developed Into exposure of police
third degree methods and of railroad company frameups against
union men,"is being continued.
J. Boyle and C. A. Lagham, arrested by polico In connection with
an alleged plot to wreck a New
Tork Central train, were released.
•#Ynnk H, Hartman, *l«o taken, ls
still being held. The "plot" Is
Congratulations Are Sent
to Miners of
Delegations from Eleven
Nations Express
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Press)
Frankfort, Germany—The great
miners' atrike in the United States
and the consequence of the Allied
demand for German "reparations
coal" were the two most vital questions before the 26th International
Congress of Miners held at Frankfort, Aug. 7-11. There were present
118 delegates from eleven nations,
who represented 2,128,800 organised miners of Europe and the United States. The American delegates
were John Gay of Albla, Iowa, secretary-treasurer of District 13, U.
M. W. A., and William Mitch of
Terro Haute, Ind., secretary-treasurer of District 11.
pledge Support
On the question of the coal strike
ln America, a resolution wns unanimously adopted congratulating the
American miners for having thus
far fought "with such solidarity
and heroism," wish them success in
their struggle, and pledging the
miners of Europe to raise the sum
of £10,000 sterling as a demonstration of tho sympathy nnd solidarity
of the European miners with their
American brothers. This resolution
was introduced after the American
delegates, Mitch and Gay, had
drawn a vivid picture of the causes
of the American strike and the methods used for breaking it.
Unfortunately, the press of Europe got nothing of the story told
by Delegates Gay and Mitch. The
discussion of the American situation was singled out for an executive session, from which the entire
press, even the Labor press, was excluded. Every official of the convention whom I interrogated either
gave an evasive reply or else tried
to shift the responsibility for this
queer procedure upon someone
Hodges and Secrecy
From one source I learn that the
motion for secrecy, which was introduced by Frank Hodges, secretary of the British miners and also
secretary of tho International Miners Federation, was prompted by
the fear of the executive committee that some more radical delegate
might raise the obvious question as
to what steps the European miner
were prepared to take to prevent
the shipping of scab coal to the
United States. Now, the onty coun
try exporting scab coat to the States
it Is snid, ls Great Britain. The
congress remained silent upon the
Issue of scab coal.
It also remained silent upon another question—that of admitting
the Russian'Federation of Miners
Into the International, and of giving a seat to its delegate. On the
first day the application of the Russians wus announced by the chair,
and referred-to the businoss committee of the congress, The business committee reported back that,
before the Russians could be admitted, the executive must be convened tb inquire Into the aims, purposes and tactics of the applying
group. The issue was accordingly
referred to the executive committee
and there It died a quiet death.
On the question of coal shipments
to the Allies from Germany in payment of reparations demands, a
resolution was introduced by the
Belgian delegation, seconded by the
British, and approved unanimously
by all delegates, even Including the
French who, on many other points
were in disagreement with the rest
of the congress, to the effect that
(he disastrous economic situation of
Europe Is in part due to the provisions of the Spa agreement respecting German reparations to the
Allied governments In coal, and demanding a modification of this
A delegation consisting of British, French, Belgian and Saar Vat-
ley miners was accordingly appointed to appear before the reparations commission at Paris and to
lay before that body the facts as
(Continued on page 4)
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P.,
Gives Views on
The unemployment conference
committee of twenty-flve held a
well attended and interesting semi-
public meeting ln the city hall on
Thursday, August 31. J. fi, Woods-
worth, Labor M. P. for Centre Win*
nipeg waa the principal speaker.
Dealing with the position of a
Labor member in parliament, Mr.
Woodsworth pointed out the tack
of opportunity which any but a
member of the government had to
introduce legislation which entailed
the spending of money, and save
instances where moves had been
made to have the unemployed situ<
ation dealt with, but the efforts
were fruitless, as all entailed the
spending of money.
Reference was also made to the
position the premier took on the
question of unemployment, the
speaker pointing out that the attitude adopted was, that the care of
the unemployed was a duty of the
municipality. In spite of this stand,
the premier had been compelled to
accept the decision of the House,
which was to the effect that the
Dominion government must accept
the responsibility. This decision
was arrived at after a motion which
was presented by Mr. Woodsworth,
calling on the government to cope
with the situation, was adopted.
In closing his address, Mr.
Woodsworth pointed out that to
deal with, unemployment, It was
necessary to deal with the fundamental causes of this phase of present-day society, and In view of the
lack of markets, asked If it can be
solved? But that was not the problem at this time, he stated. The
question was, how are the hungry
workers to get anything to eat?
At the close of Mr. Woodsworth's
address, W. H. Cottrell, chairman,
pointed out the objects of the committee, and what had been done in
the past. He stated that the main
objective was to secure the neces*
sary food for the people who could
not obtain employment, and that he
recognised the fact that the committeo could not solve the unemployed question.
The question of trading with Soviet Russia as a means of relieving
the situation was then dealt with
by sovernl speakers, who favored
this course. The following resolution was then presented:
Resolved that a form of national
insurance agninst unemployment be
adopted by the Federal government
immediately, as the only immediate
solution of relieving the wnnt and
hunger among the wage earners of
Tom Bichardson stated that the
Trades Congress of Canada had
turned down the proposal of trading with Russia, and In no uncertain terms, voiced his opinion that
this wns a mistake. A general discussion on unemployment insurance wns then Indulged ln, and the
whole matter referred to the committee for further Information before the resolution wa fisnutly dealt
with. Another meeting of tho committee on unemployment will be
held In the city hnll Thursdny,
September 14, at 8 p.m.
Russian   Social   Revolutionaries Condemned by
Own Admissions
Patronize Fed  Advertisers
Says Act of Arrest Shows
Fear Capitalists
Chicago—From a sick bed In a
sanitarium, where he ls srlvlng to
regain strength, Eugene V. Debs
pledges support to Wm, SS. Foster In
the work of the Trade Union Educational League. Writing,to Foster
with regard to the Colorado kidnapping, Debs says:
"If I were not confined to a sanl
tarlum under treatment, I would at
once be with you and tender my
services In any way in my power.
The miserable wretches in Colorado
and Wyoming, especially the cap!
tallst hireling who, hiasquerading
as the governor of the former Atate,
who so brutally manhandled you
in the name of low and order, have
sown dragons' teeth from which
will spring in due time the warriors of the revolution who will
sweep the corrupt system of which
they are the servile lackeys from
the face of the earth.
"You are to be congratulated
after all, upon the Infamous outrages perpetrated upon you In the
name of capitalist law and justice,
for ln these outrages, committed
by their liveried hirelings, Is revealed the fear of their thioving
and brutal masters, and this ls the
highest compliment they could possibly pay you. They know you cannot be bought, bribed or bullied,
and so they set their dogs at your
heels to drive you oft their reservation.
"I need not sympathize with you
nor bid you be strong, for you have
the strength to stand and withstand
and you need no sympathy, and alt
I have to say is that when I have
recovered my strength sufficiently;
to take up my work again, I shall
bo with you shoulder to shoulder,
In your stand for the working class I
nnd Industrial freedom."
Tribunal Will Not Execute Death Sentence
Without Cause
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow — On Aug. 10 the AH-
Russlan central executive committee handed down its decision with
regard to the Social Revolutionaries who had been sentenced to
death by the tribunal.
"The accused 10 accused who repented their deeds," ran the statement, "are immediately pardoned
at the request of the tribunal. Regarding the 12 condemned to death,
the death sentence Is approved, but
sentence is ordered suspended. If
the party of the Social Revolution*
arles henceforth refrains from con
spiracy for terrorist acts, armed revolt and military spying against the
Soviet Republic, the death sentence
will not be executed. If, on the
othor hand, it engages In acts of
violence, it thereby condemns at
once to death these men already
convicted of organizing and inspiring those terrorist acts ln the past.1
Decision Expected
It was the expected decision, As
day after day the evidence piled up
ln the trial, no one doubted that the
tribunal would bring in a death
sentence. Technically, this decision of the executive committee
makes of the 12 Imprisoned Social
Revolutionaries continuous hostages for the good behavior of thelf1
party, but actually the feeling is,
widespread ln Moscow that lf the
Social Revolutionaries outside and
inside of Russia will as a party de-!
ctare its allegiance to the government, the prisoners will be set free;
The admitted existence of this
terrorist group within the party
and the question of how far they
were recognized or encouraged by
the central committee has been the.
feature of the trial. The prosecun
tlon claimed that the central committee Itself gave orders for the'
killing of Volodarsky and others;
Plumbers and Steamfit
|l ters Win Two Challenge Cups
ind" plotted "SriTmnfof 3^g:32*lSi-«ld they flniflhed ln
The defense denies this, but does
not deny that the queations were
discussed with persons who wished
to undertake such projects. The utmost claim made by the defense Is
merely that lt declared such acts
Inopportune, but without threaten-
Ing party expulsion for persons do
Ing them.
Creates Problem
Under these conditions the generally incoherent character of the
Social Revolutionary party, containing and allowing such wide divergence of action, creates.a problem. If the Social Revolutionaries
as a party make some very con
crete declaration, acknowledging
allegiance to the Soviet government^
agreeing to oppose it by argument
onty, and stating that all members
who hereafter tnke part ln terrorist acts will be expelled from the
party ahd that all assistance will he
given the government In bringing
them to justice, with such a declaration it is extremely probable
that the present prisoners will be
set free.
Unless such a declaration Is
made, In quite unmistakable form,
it Is possible that the ce-it-al committee of the pnrty will remain in
jail for some time, to act ns a deterrent to such misguided individual
members ns might wish to renew
tactics of assassination, and who
might take the very lack of an extremely explicit statement ns ln reality a tacit support of terrorist
method jt.
Ollvo Brum h Extended
In the lust moments of the trial,
un olive branch was extended by the
prosecution. It was that the defendants repudiate the action of
their foreign delegation at Paris,
Captured correspondence of this
delegation Implicates It fn every
'Continued on Page SV
'ay's Outing Ended with
Dance in the
The Labor Day picnic and sports
at Mahon Park, staged by the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
on Monday was a decided success.
One local paper estimated the
crowd at two thousand, but the
number of persons did not count;
It was the enjoyment of those
present which gave that satisfaction to the committee ln charge,
which is so necessary after much
work is put in so that people may
enjoy themselves, to give those responsible their reward.
From noon onwards until 11:30
p.m., there was not an Idle moment for the committee and not a
atop in the proceedings. The com
mittee, finding that they had _
few prizes to spare and lots of can
dies, staged some races for the
younger element and each child,
whether first or last, received a
prize of some kind in these events.
Tho Big Events
The big events of the day were
the contests for the cups presented
by Major Gen. McRae and Sheliy's,
the first for the tug-of-war and the
second for the relay race. From
the first, business agent Smylie of
.the Plumbers and Steamfltters,
claimed that the team put in by
his local would win the tug-of-war,
but when that organization carried
off the two challenge cups, the
memhers of that organization were
elated at winning the two chief
. The tug-of-war was a most interesting event. The Plumbers
and Steamfltters, Carpenters, Milk
Salesmen, Machinists, and Bricklayers unions entered teams, and
after a spirited contest, the Milk
Salesmen and the Plumbers and
Steamfltters reached the final, the
latter being the winners.
, Three organizations. Plumbers
and Steamfltters, Milk Salesmen,
Land Carpenters entered teams for
.(he order named.
Trie   mile   and   half-mile   races
created much excitement, each
helng closely contested and resulted as follows: Mile race, Bob
Parkin flrst, and Prendergast second; half-mile race, Hatt first.???
and Barr and Watkins in a dead
heat for second and third places.
The hundred yards dash was
won by McLuckie, with Parkin
second, and Prendergast third.
McLuckto also won first place In
the 220 yards, while Hatt and
Prendergast followed in the order
named, while Parkin took premier
honors in the 440 yards.
The fat man's race caused considerable amusement, and was won
by Mr. Broderlek.
Business Agents' Rare
Naturally, the business agents
and secretary's raee caused lots
of rivalry, but the running powers
of these officials were demonstrated
when Griffin of the .Street Railwaymen came in first, nnd 11. II.
Neelanda of the Typographical
union, second, und Cllver of ihe
Machinists, third,
'. The fnt women's race also provided lots of fun, the winner being
Mrs. Monzeys. The veterans rare,
lbr men over fifty years of a?e,
ijlaplnyed the fact that some of
rato old men still have speed, the
winner being H. Byron, Hunt sec-
dnd, and W. S. Dagnall third.
' Othor races resulted ns follows:
Singlo lathes' race—Miss Hllllar.
Married ladles' race—Mrs. Carver.
Nail driving (Indies)— Mrs. Sa-
Relay rate—Plumbers and steam-
Three-legged raco — Mr, and
Mrs.  Broderick.
Sack   race—Parkin.
Boys under ten years—Wark.
(Continued on page 8)
Board   of   Conciliation
Evades Real Issue
in Dispute
Re-hearing Is Sought by
Representatives of
The majority decision of the conciliation board appointed to investigate into the differences between
the railroad shop workers and the
Railway Association of Canada,
which recommends a wage cut, has
been received with hostility in local
Labor circles.
The award recommends—
(1) The' parties should confer
as Boon as conditions permit with
regard to permanent rates of pay.
(2) That the reduction of Ave,
seven and nine cents an hour, of
which the railways gave notice, be
effective temporarily from August
15, but when definite rates are
agreed upon, they be effective from
July 16. The award affects approximately 86,000 employeos. It is
signed by Atex. Smith of Ottawa,
chairman of the board, and Isaac
Pitblado, K. C, of Winnipeg, representing the employers. Jas. Simpson, of Toronto, has a minority report.
Representatives of the men who
have been presenting the workers
side of the case.to the board, have
wired to the minister of Labor, requesting a resumption of the hearing, claiming that the majority report does not deal with the matter
in dispute. They also protest against
the wages of Canadian railroads
being dependent on the outcome of
the struggle now going on In the
United States between the shopmen
and the railroads.   _
Minister of Labor Murdock has
taken the stand that it ls useless
to have a rehearing before the
same tribunal, and has refused the
request of the men.
James Simpson of Toronto, who
represented the men, In his minor-
ity report, takes the stand that the
proposed tentative . agreement In
vltes a Btrike, and claims that the
main Issue In dispute has not been
dealt with.
Illinois Business Men Get Slap from Marion-Fesling
That Probe Will Assume Proportions of the
Mooney Case—Effort Is Being Made
to Try Labor
[By Carroll Binder]
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Marlon, III.—Behind closed doors
the Williamson county grand jury
continues to hear the stories of
residents  of Herrin  suspocted  of
knowing    somethlnjg    about the
tragedy in which union miners aiid
strike breakers lest their Uvea.
An atmosphere of uncertainty
and mutual mistrust has been developed by weeks of prepartion to
bring the killings to trial. Rumors
and denials of rumors keep the
newsmen on the Jump. They are
coming here from all the big
papers and the press associations
have been on the ground from the
Political Sensation in Germany Is Started by
Building Permits
Sept. 1—1890-94 Blectric Ave.,
D. K. Abe, stores and apartments,
»2000; 2180 Sixth Ave., W. P. Perkins, dwelling, |2S00; 2130 Sixth
Ave. East, W, P. Perkins, dwelling,
Sept. 6—424 Hastings West,
Bayiies & Horle, store, |6200; 632
Pender WeBt, H. II. Fisher, stores
repair, JlflOO; 3650 Pt. Grey Road,
owner, apartments, 86000; 2204-6
Broadway West, B. W. Falls, stores
and rooms, 83200; 1090 Dcnmnn,
D. Olbb, store alteration, 81760.
Sept. 6—Granville Island, A. D.
Snider & Sons, warehouse, 812.000;
2765 Eighth Ave. West, owner,
dwelling, 83000; 1300 Beach Ave.,
T. M. Tanner, five dwellings, $2000
New York—The greater number
of the striking shirt workers, of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers,
have gone back to work in this city,
following a clean-cut victory. The
Btrike Is still effective against those
shops which have not surrendered.
The 5 per cent, assessment levied
ngainst the members who are working Is being promptly paid as soon
as pay envelopes are opened.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
Chicago—A    three-cent    hourlyyuso of Russian Instead of the Sla-
incrense ln thc pay of tho 350 train
men, ticket agents, crossing tender*
and other employees of thc Chicago1,
Aurora & Elgin Electric Railway-;,
and recognition of tho union shopl
averted a striko on that lino, offt-vj
clais of tho Amalgamated Street
und Electric Railway Employees'
Association announce. Shop om-
ployees renewed their agreement1
on the old schedule. Seventy cents
an hour ls the new scale for the;
London—The Communist Party
of Great Britain has decided to
withdraw all parliamentary candidates running in opposition to official Labor Party candidates, and
Instructs Its members In local Labor
parties and similar organizations to
resist any attack on their representative rights as delegated from
working class organlzatlns.
vonic language in the service.'
Minneapolis—After changing en-
glues lti times between Kansas Clly
and Minneapolis, passenger train
No. 59 on the Rock Island Rallrond
arrived in Minneapolis ten hours'
late, according to reports received
at striking shopmen's headquarters,
it is assorted by union officials that
freight trulflc on the Rock Island
has been practically abandoned,
and that freight locomotives are
being used to draw passenger engines.
London—During an Interview In j
Berlin with a representative of tho'
English Observer, Tchltoherln spoko
of tho now democratic movement
In the Russian church, "stating emphatically that democrncy ls triumphing ln the most medieval and reactionary institution it Is possible to
conceive. "The peasants," he continued, "are accepting the change
of electing from out of their own
community their bishops and'
priests—no longer ineligible for of-
flc except monks—with a satisfaction which is Increased by the'
Chicngo—The firBt national conference of the Trade Union Educational Leaguo pnssed a resolution
endorsing thc alms and work of the
Federated Press. The resolutions
urge Labor editors to subscribe to
ihe service, recommend the establishment of a Federated Press chain
[paper In every small locality, and
urge financial and moral support to
flit, organization.
j London—Tho assistant chief administrator of the Save the Children fund ln Russia, states that a
considerable portion of tho Prov-
tfico of Saratov has bcen affiliated
by hurricanes and hailstorms, and
much destruction of crops has followed. A deputation of peasants
recently declared that at least half
the populntion will starve during
the coming winter unless outside
help Is forthcoming
Railway Company Wants
"Its Own Little
Champaign, III.—Local Labor
men are being amused by the efforts of the Illinois Central Railroad lo "orgaiil-if" Its scabs. Company union organizers have bcen
touring the system In this vicinity
lor the purpose of "creating on the
Illinois Central system a Labor organization such as Is recognized ln
the transportation act, 1820, and for
the purposo of estabtlshlng satisfactory wages and working conditions providing a means for fair
dealing between tho management
and tho employee, and promoting
the general welfaro of those concerned."
In the constitution of this so-
called union, It Is provided that
"the members of this association,
under tho Jurisdiction of one master mechanic or shop superintendent, shall, during the month of
July of each yoar, elect from their
number threo representatives who
shall serve for a term of one year
and constitute the locat committee.
Such election shall be by secret ballot, tinder rules prescribed by tlie
gonornl committee and the general
suporlr1 ndent of motive power.
The rosult of thu election shnlt be
certified by the master mechanic."
Thoro Is nothing In the "constitution" to prevent discharge of employees for nny renson or for no
reason. Against obnoxious conditions, unfair trentment, the only
protection enjoyed by mcmhorH of
this now "union" Is their right to
quit their employment.
Aid. Pettlpleoe to Speak
A public mooting under lhe BUS*
plcos of the F. L. P. will be htld nn
Sunday evening, at 148 Cordova St.
West The speaker will be Alder*.
man R. P, Pott I pieco
Communists Prediction of
Legislation Has Been
Proven Correct
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(European  Dir.   Federated Press)
Berlin—A political sensation of
considerable magnitude has been
furnished the German public by
the suppression, for three weeks,
beginning Aug. 19, of the Rote
Fahne, organ of the Communist
Party of Germany. The circumstances are so unusual that not only
the Communists, but the Socialist
organs of the majority* and Independent parties as well, and even
tho Stlnnes organs are moved to
The order was given by the Prussian minister of the Interior, Sever,
ing, who is a leader in the Majority
Socialist Party, despite the assurance of the German minister of
Justice, Dr. Radbruch, given before
the reichstag at the time the taw
for the defense of the republic was
passed, to thc effect that the law, if
passed, would not be applied to parties of the Left.
It was signed, moreover, under
pressure of the Bavarian govornment, which of all the federated
States of Germany, has done more
to discredit and permit flagrant violation of the law for the defense of
the republic than any other State.
The edict forbidding publication
camo three weeks after tho alleged
offense with which the Rote Fahn
Is charged, was committed.
Offense Not Serious
That offense consisted In accusing members of the Bavarian governmont of treason. It consisted
further In publishing an attack of
the Communist International at
Moscow upon the Socialist Party,
a number of whoso members are in
the government. According to Sev
erlng's department, the launching
of attacks upon the Socialist Party
was tantamount to Inciting disrespect of Socialist members of the
government and therefore of the
governmont itself.
Tho one and only redeeming feature of tho procedure was that the
Roto Fahne was given two days'
grace before the order went Into
effect, The Communist organ used
these two days to get Its case thoroughly beforo thc public, much to
th-| chagrin of the conservative
press, which raised the cry of fn
vorltlsm In' permitting tho Communists to "spread their poison for
two moro days" as the Taogllche
Kundschau puts it.
As regards the charge of having
violated t.he law In denouncing
members of the Bavarian government as traitors, thc ltoto Fahne
has compiled a number of utterances from Majority and Independent Socialist sources, In which
these pajiers uesd fully as emphatic language regarding tho Bavarian government as did the Com-
munst paper. Yet none of these
was suppressed.
Rote Palme Kxposes Reasons
The Rote Fahne thereforo draws
the conclusion that tho real renson
for the action was that thero ls an
effort under way to suppress the
Communist press ns such.
Vowaorts, organ of tho .Majority
Socialists, and Frelheit, organ of
the Independents, were quick to see
the stupidity of the order. Both
point out that tho Communists now
have overy right to suy, "I told you
so," since they predicted at the
time thc law for thc defense of tho
republic was passed, that It would
ho used against the working class.
They also call attention to the fact
that lho Communists now hnvo an
excellent theme for agitation among
the mnsseB.
That thoir reasoning fs correct,
mny be neon from the fact thnt on
the vory day on which the order
against tho Roto Frahne was made
public, eight simultaneous mass
meetings were held in Berlin alone,
lu whicli protest resolutions were
adopted. From a number of factories, too, protests have heen sent
through the works councils, the signatures In many eases tieing one
Communist, one Majority Socialist,
and ono Independent.
'start Every one knows big things
are likely to happen here. The
very men who deprecate Frank
Farrlngton's promise to defend all
union miners Indicted in the case
and hts statement that powerful
forces have combined to convict
union miners, the people who say.
this Is an ordinary murder trial,
admit ln the next breath that the
chambers of commerce hava
launched a campaign to try organized labor along with the men
charged with participation In the
flght at the Lester strip; mine.
Prelude to Drama
That the Illinois chamber of
commerce Is financing the prosecution ls common knowledge. The
metropolitan press carries appeals
for contributions and newa of the
amount raised in various communities for the assistance of Atty.- i
Gen. Brundage. Lurking, then. In
the minds of everyone Is the feeling that this is the prelude to the
presentation of a drama, which may
assume proportions of a Mooney-
BlIHnga, a Sacco-Vansettl, or a
Dreyfus case. Ordinary murders
or riots do not stir the sense of
justice of chambers of commerce,
manufacturers' associations and
kindred bodies to the extent that
they campaign for funds to assist
the public authorities, It is pointed out. Utterances of these bodies
on the organisation of labor convict them of a rath-|r partisan
point of view. There are many
who assert that anti-labor forcea
have seized upon the Herrin affair
to do what the. "open shop" drive
failed to do—smash organised
labor. Atty. Gen. Brundage disclaims any such purpose.
Voice Resentment
Williamson county folks are
tired of being made pawns ln the
publicity campaign of the anti-
labor forces and have made clear
their resentment to one of the
chief offenders. E. B. Jackson,
chairman of the convention bureau
of the Greater Marlon Assn. (local
business association), haa asked
the Illinois chamber of commerce
to steer clear ot Marlon In lta
"boosting" tour of southern Illinois because local business men
could not be cordial to an organisation which has deluged the land
with propoganda vilifying the
people of Williamson county.
Reminding the Illinois chamber
of commerce that Marlon waa glad
to have a visit from it last year,
Jackson says of the "harsh" publicity of the Illinois chamber, "to
the business men of Marion It appears that you have condemned
the whole community without
making an investigation yourself. -
A quiet investigation has been
going on ever since the riot and
will end ln Justice being dealt out
to as many of the violators of the
law as Is humanely possible. I do -
not believe the average business
man In Marion is ln proper frame
of mind to make a genial host for
your party on September 28, and
with all due respect to the eminent
gentlemen who will be in your
party I am forced to suggest that
It would perhaps be a better arrangement If you would pass
through Marlon without stopping
nnd favor us with a visit next
year when local conditions are
more favorable.
"In order that I may not be
misunderstood, please permit me
to say that you or anyone elBe can
come Into this county with perfect
safety and you will flnd hero a
moral, upright, prosperous citizenry equal to that of any county
In Illinois; and In spite of tho
many roports to tho contrary, you
will not flnd any more criminals
than you will find in any other soction of the state having the same
Attumwn, la.—Refused tlme-nnd-
one-hatf pay for Sunday work,
strikebreakers on tho Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul road hero went
on striko.
Airplane Service Started
Between Berlin and
Koenigsburg, Germany—An American desiring to visit Russia mny
now leave Berlin at 6:32 p.m. and
arrive ln Moscow at 6:15 the next
evening. Formerly thc Journey took
Ave dnys. He can still consume
five duys If he travels thc antiquated land route. The 24-hour trip
Is made possiblo through the fact
that regular passenger airplane service has been Installed between
Koenlgsberg In the northeast corner of Prussia and the Russian capital. The airplane loaves Koenlgs-
bcrk nt 8:30 a.m., maken two stops,
at Kovno aud nt Smolensk, nnd
then proceeds direct lo Moscow.
When the srvlce Was flrst Inaugurated, it was available only for governmental and official perBonnges,
and for official mall nnd baggage.
Beginning Aug. 27 the service became available to the genernl public.
Richmond, Cal.—Businoss Agent
C. R. Beatty of the Clerk* ti&on,
hns been Interviewing meffljfjknig
who have misused the union 'tifcrd.
Most merchants, it Is reported, will
sImii up a union shop and many
moro clerkB nre Joining the union. PAGE TWO
'rdtrRteEWTH veab. n» » BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. a
Published every Friday morning by The li. C.
E    •$*:•   Federationist, Limited 	
Businoss Ofllce:    1129 Howe Street
Editorial Offlce:   Room 306, 319 Pendor Street West
-Editorial Board:    P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands,
J. ti. Clark, Oeorge Bartley.
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign, S3.00
per year: Canada, $3.50 per year, $1.50 for six
months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c par
member per month.
Unity of Lnbor:   The Hopo of thc World
FRIDAY September 8, 1322
The Unemployed and the Help
Themselves Adage
JUDGING from pross reports, tlio conforonco
which has been held at Ottawa this week degenerated into a gathering of men who were
not concerned with the relief of the unemployed, but with dodging thc necessity of providing food and shelter for the jobless of this
countiy. About the only people who seemed
concerned were thc municipal representatives,
who, having to face the organized efforts of the
unemployed to secure relief, havo been more
or less embarrassed in thc past, but even they
are only passing the buck to the other governmental authorities.
The Premier of this country is supposed to
be an expert in industrial affairs, and he chose
for his minister of labor a man who has carried
a union card, and may still do so, but, like the
judgment of the Premier, it has not given the
owner of it, who now holds a responsible position under the government, that wisdom which
will allow him to act with circumspection. But
let the minister speak for himsolf. He is quoted
as stating that he declared himself as a believer
in thc old adage, "God helps thoso who help
themselves." He also made another statement,
to the effect that he was not in favor of doles,
and still another one in which he expressed
himself as being"of the opinion that it was an
absurdity to demand relief for the unemployed
to the extent of trade union rates of wages.
Trade union rates of wages are but on a subsistence level. If the unemployed do not receive that standard of living they must deteriorate. Their vitality will be sapped and
and their physique suffer. Doles may not be
liked by the minister of labor, because of the
fact that the government of which lie is a
member, has to provide them, and those who
pay the piper control the government, and
consequently there are many objections raised,
but we would ask the minister of labor, if doles
are not granted, and the workless are hungry,
would he still be in favor of the adage ho
quoted. Would he stand behind the individual
who helped himself by the only means in his
p»wcr, or would he then construe his adage to
read, "Go'd help him who helps himself"? Perhaps the workors may see this point, and recognize that as individuals, thoy are at the mercy
of those who make the laws of the land, and
organize to help themselves as a class, or other,
wiso we imagine that the latter adage will be
the one the minister of labor and his associates
will adopt.
Another Example of U. S. Union
THE breaking of strikes, and the smashing of
labor unions in the United States has become a fine art. Tho latest expression of this
new cult was mado in thc land to thc south
of the line last week, when the courts, backed
up by the United Statos Attorney-General, Mr.
Daugherty, issued an injunction against the
it-iking railroad shopmen which is possibly
even more sweeping than thoso issued by Ex-
President Taft when he was on the Bench. Of
course the dear people arc considered by Mr.
Daugherty. Naturally, it is necessary to havo
a goat when action is to be taken against, tho
workors, aud what better one can be found
than the "dear people who are ground betwoen
the forces of capital and labor," when there
is an industrial conflict being sought.
But Mr. Daugherty realizes the advantages
of getting in his propaganda first, so he stated
that he knew it would be said that the injunction would preclude the holding of union
meetings or organized effort on the part of
the striking shopmen's unions, and then gave
Ub own version, which is as follows:
"Let me today start the truth on its way
in advance—that, in my judgment, this
move is necessary for thc protection and
the preservation of thc unions themselves.
Tho Govornmont of the United States is
not opposed to labor unions if they perform such functions as can bo performed in
lawful America.
"But it may be understood that so long
and to the extent that I spoak for the Government of the United States, I will use
the power of thc government within my
control to provent the labor unions of tho
country from destroying the open shop,"
*     *      *
In other words, Mr. Daugherty docs not mind
unions that cannot control an industrial situation j unions which are ineffective and cannot
be of service when tho workers are faoed with
a fight. If thore is anything that has beon uttered by any statesman, so-called, on this continent in the lsst ten years which bears more
significance as to the fight which labor will be
compelled to face in the future, we have yet to
see it. But if, a# has been stated, the in junction
referred to will bring about an amalgamation
of labor's forces, then it will have been better
propaganda for the working class than all the
words and efforts of the progressive labor men
in the United States could conceive of, But
let it not be thought that this injunction is of
no significance to the workera of this country,
for, as so often pointed out in these columns,
the government is but tho creature of American finance and the same measures will be later
meted out to tho workers of this country, and
it thereforo is necessary that the organized
labor movement of this country tako cognizance of this fact and act accordingly.
Two Choices for Workers on
Asiatic Competition
SOME few days ago the local press carried »
news item which intimated that some concern had been evidenced in the capital city because a contract for uniforms for Dominion
Government officials had been let to a Chinese
firm in Victoria. Naturally, with the ever-
present menace of the lowering of the standard
of living facing the white workers, thore were
protests. But those who have their political
cars to the ground, also saw danger to the
present administration, and they too made
thcir protests.
*      #      »
The Vancouver Sun, which spreads "light
and truth" over thc city of Vancouver in the
early hours of thc morning, saw fit to mako
come comment on the facts as outlined above
and suggested that Canadians should study
thc ways of Oriental competitors. After pointing out that there must have bcen a favorable
rate offered by the Chinese competitors for
the contract, thc Sun says:
"This is not a criticism of Canadian
methods, but a warning to Canadians to
study thc ways of his Oriental competitors
and apply their successful methods where
they can.
"For, some day, when China awakens
commercially, Canadians will have to compete with Oriental manufacturers on a national basis and not in isolated instances
at home.
"They should be ready for that day."
Thc Federationist has pointed out from time
to time that somo day the Oriental menace to
the standard of the white workers would be
serious. It is now. The Asiatic, aided by
white capital, is able to produco cheaper in
China than the white worker can on this continent. Thc patriotism of the financial capitalist
is based on profits. He has no othor god. Profits
and profits alone are what he is in search of.
White or black, yellow or red, he cares not
whom he exploits, but until the workers of this
continent realize the cause of their misery,
which is the present system, they ean only
attempt to stem the tide of capitalistic oppression, and whilo it may not be a solution to
the problem, the Asiatics in this eountry must
not be ignored, but if they are permitted to
enter and remain here, be organized and demand the same wages as the white workers.
If the employers want tho Asiatics they will
have them, and if they havo them then they
must be recognized by the organized labor
movement as a factor which the workers mnst
deal with. To be rendy for that day, as suggested by thc Sun,, is to accept their standard
of living and nothing else. The workers must
choose between thc two courses suggested, tho
Sun's or ours.
Canadian Lumber Workers and
Cheap Lumber
WHILE the lumber barons of B. C. are crying
out becauso of tho high cost of production,
and wages of lumberworkers are lower than
for years, the International Union of Timber-
workers of tho U. S. A. is asking the U. S.
Congress for legislation to protect the members
of lhat organization from the cheaply produced
lumber of B. C, as the following news dispatch
will show:
"Seattle—The International Union of
Timberworkers is asking Congress for a
duty of 60 cents a thousand on cedar
shingles to protect workers of the United
States against tho competition of Canadian
labor, much of it Hindu and Japanese,
working ten hours a day. It is also asking
that thc $1 a thousand feet duty against
Canadian codar logs be removed so that
United States mill men may have access
to thc cheapest logs."
Those who arc acquainted with thc lumber
business state that lumber made from logs from
British Columbia can be purchased in Washington and shipped to Canada cheaper than it
can be bought in the looal market. This is a
striking commentary on the "efficiency" of our
lumber kings who clamor so much for efficiency
on the part of the workers, and at the same
time drive out of the country the best loggers
because of the fact that they joined a union
in order to secure tho enforcement of sanitary
conditions and a living wage. If the abovo
news item is not sufficient to show the loggers
of B. C. that it is about time they put a little
dash into their organization work, it should bc,
for itis a certainty that without some effort tho
low wages now prevailing will not bo increased.
W. Z. Foster, one of the brightest and virile
spirits on the American continent, has been
vilified by capitalistic writers, politicians, and
rcactonary labor leaders. He has also been
criticized by the so-callod revolutionary labor
leaders because of tho fact that he has discarded old tactics, and adopted new ones. In
other words he has learnt tho lesson which experience alone can teach, and one of these lessons is that dual unionism has not aided the
working class in its struggle against an aggressive capitalize class, but has hindered and
hampered the working-class movement. New
ideas or tactics are always fought by those who
would sooner be consistent than uso common
senso methods, but the man who, referring to
the militant workers, stated, "by their separatist tactics they have practically cancelled
themselves as a positive factor in the labor
struggle," is neither a reactionary or a Utopian dreamer.
Wliile French workers are wallowing in poverty, tho idle rich are flaunting their wealth.
This fact has been brought out this week in
the local press in an article with the following
hcadlino: "Parade of Wealth Arouses the
French." Deauville is the particular place referred to and this hive of ruling class corruption is described in tho news item referred to
as "... a new Sodom and Gomorrah,
more corrupt and vicious than ancient Byzantium." But wo don't need to go to France to
see poverty alongside of riches; they are both
hero in Canada.
III. e.n. , . .
.   _
[By Karl Radek]
JN SPITE of its ' many threats
* againat the Right elements, the
Oerman government has not the
courage to act against tbem. But
the situation in Germany demands
action, and thla action will Oome
from below.
Once again, as in the fall 6t last
year, when Brrberger waB assassinated the workers arose to demonstrate against the monarchists
and for the republic. The Communist workers are hand in hand with
the Social Democratic workers, but
they demonstrate not for the Social
Democratic and bourgeois government, but against the LudendorfC
and Helfferioh cliques. And the
government once more speaks ,ftve
words, promising that at the decisive moment lt will be on the side
of the working masses; once again
it makes a threatening gesture similar to the one it made last year.
But tho actual situation is not
changed a bit by these words and
Chancellor Wirth makes the impression of a sincere and honest
man with plebian Inclinations. But
of what avail are his sentiments
If the same Wirth government
takes measures against the railway
strike, If it takes no aotion in the
way of financial reforms directed
against the bourgeoisie, but Insists
this policy of the German Social
Democratic government and the
two bourgeois parties calling themselves democratic that served as a
fertile soil for German nationalism.
The German democratic government cannot strike at the Right,
not only becauso It always holds
itself in readiness to strike at the
working class, but also for the simple reason that the economic policy 'of the German government
forces the masses of the intelligensia and petty bourgeoisie towards
the extreme right. It is clear that
under conditions in which the families of university professors, not to
speak of the nrmy of officials, do
not soe meat or sugar for weeks,
and at the same time have to bear
an onormous tax burden, under
conditions in which tho German
capitalists pile up fortunes in foreign trade, and the speculators live
in plenty and extravagance that
enrage the populace—it Is very
easy for the junkers to draw comparison between their present conditions and those at the time of the
The Junker-Nationalist clique
makes use of the weapon of anti-
Semitism In the fight against the
government although there are
very few Jews in the government.
But as our old friond Bcbol .snid.
"Anti-Semitism is the Socialism of
fools/' And as a matter of .fact,
one of the best means that the Nationalists employ to attract the
petty-bpurgeois masses is to point
out how prosperous the speculating
Jewish bourgeoisie Is, It is clear
that wei'R the monarchy restored
fthe same condltlona would prevail, j
.with ths minor difference that ln
the latter case the feasting; bourgeoisie would bs supplemented by
the old Kalseritei. But what is important is not what would be, but
what ls.
, A democratic republic without
democrats and without republicans,
which Is incapable of leading the
masses out of this unbearable situation, is dead and sterile. It gives
the impression of an empty house
waiting for its master. Such is the
situation created by the German
bourgeoisie. In one of his pamphlets, Rathenau writes that In Germany neither democracy nor the
Republic were fought for. Tho democratic Republic came into the
world as a rosult of the downfall
of.German imperialism. The KalHer
and tho Crown Prince ran away,
and Germany became a Republic.
The German bourgeoisie which
agreed to these conditions in the
hope that the Entente would grant
thom better peaco terms if there
wore no Kaiser, took up the opposition against the working olass,
which had begun the struggle for
Socialism, from the very start. The
Republic gathered strength from
the civil war against the working
class; it waB fortified by the monarchists who until this very day
hold the government machino ln
their hands. The only way to
change this situation ls to have the
working class break with the bourgeoisie and seize the government.
Here the intentions of individual
personalities are of no importance.
It is quite possible that the school
teacher Wirth, who was drawn into
politics only through the war, and
the revolution, is a greater friend
of the masses than the old politicians of Schiedcmann's, Noske's or
Ebert's cut, who rose out of the
masses. But the question is not one
of personality. The question is
whether the German working class
will gather its forces without regard to party, from the Christian
miners in the Ruhr district to the
Communist metal workers of Berlin. Only when this takes, place,
whon the govornment will be reorganized on a new social basis,
will tho fatal blow be delivered to
the monarchists. And this blow
should be delivered in such a manner as to divide German nationalism from which the democratic
petty bourgeois masses should be
torn away, for lt Is laughable to
think of these masses only as
tool of the reaction. It Is true
that they do not represent any revolutionary elements. But they are
in a revolutionary mood against
capitalism that seeks to bloom on
the corpse of th$ nation. A Workers' government that would take
the monarchists and rcvanchlstes
by the throat would strengthen
Germany's international position to
such a degree, and would win the
confidence of the foreign masses to
such an extent that the Versailles
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
Hove you protoctod yourself and your family Hgninst mich an rmorfteney,
with a RAVINGS ACCOUNT—the most valuable Assi-t a man eau have for
thp ■•RAINY DAY."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND you to etart such an aocount AT ONCE,
St  ono of onr Oily  Branches.
HASTINOS »nd SEYMOUR Oeo. S. Harriion, Managor
Oordova aad Abbott Main and 25tli Ave. Main and Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.8.—If you are living in a oommunlty not provided with Banking facilities, addi-eea ub by mall, and ve will bo glad to guide you in respect to
"Ranking \>y Mail."
Treaty would bo liquated without much »do. In thli manner It
would attrtot to it thoi* eiemsnW
that ar* now In the oamp of Lu«
dendorff's powerful nationalist
Will tha German Social Demooraoy have the courage to do this?
If it were left to its leaders all that
they would do would be to increase
Sbert's bodyguard and to render
all the measures taken in this
crisis ao ineffective and futile as
those that proceeded them. But
the followers of Schiedemann
would receive a new lesson which
would not bo lost on them.
There are two ways out of the
situation in whloh the Gorman gov-,
ernment now finds Itself. Tho flrst
one Is the energetic strugglo against
the Right, a struggle which if developed would inevitably reeult in a
Workers' government. The second
way out is that the German heavy
industrials, scared by this tight, retreat towards the Left, thus isolating the Right and forcing it to
challenge the power of the State,
Such a step would mean the extension of the coalition to Include the
step would be of a reactionary
character, and the Social Democratic masses would be thrown to the
left, The heads of the present government will hesitate, fearing this
and that, and after all tho fruitless
noise that they themselves have
raised, they will march tamely
But the hangmen Is on the
threshold, both In the growing pressure of the nationalist Right, and
in the demands of the Allies. For
this reason everything seems to
point to the fact that the period of
stagnation in Gormany Is nearing
its end and that the period of aotion is setting ln. For this decisive
period the Communist Party has
raised Its banner, and on this banner there is written: "The United
Front of the Working Class and the
Workers' Government."
To Buyers of Printing
rpHH following Arms have established the 44-hour week, and
■*■ are therefore the only printing offices operating under conditions which are fair to |he undersigned organizations:
Arcadp Printers,  Homor  Street Arcade Sey. 4633
B. C. Printing nnd Litho Ltd., Bmythe nnd Homer Sts Sey. 11233
Broadway Printer!, 819 Broadway Enst Pair. SOS
Citizen,  Tho,   1451  Broadway  Wost Bny.   857
Cowan & Brookhouse,  1129 Howo St Soy. 4490-7421
Crosby Printing Co.,  306 TowM Building - Sey.   261
Errett A Orcmus,   321  Gamble Street  Sey. 3200
Evans,  Charta  A.,   1076  KlngaviT.y Pair. 7P0
Kershaw,  J. A., 684  Seymour Stroet    Sey. 8674
Mitchell-Foley,  Ltd.,   129  Hastings  flt.  W  Sey. 9238
North Shore Proas, North Vancouver  _  N. V.   80
rnciflB Printers, fi00 Tower Building Sey. 9592
Ponnle, Jii-nt.fi, 213  Hastings  Street East Soy. 8120
Progressive  Prlnten,   18  Victoria Drive    High. 2279
Record Publishing Co., 029 Pender St. W Sey. 7808
Rogers Printing Co.,  580 Homer Street Soy. 6440
Seymour Prfsi, 423 Richards St Soy. 3728
Sliilvojlt Bros., Typesetters, 841 Pender St. W „ Soy.   584
Shilvock-Jackson, Typefounders, 841  Pender 3t. W Soy.   534
Star'Printing Co.,  812  Ponder St. Woit Soy. 8608
Sun Publishing Co., 187 Pender St. West „ Sey.     40
Vnncouver Job Printers,  787 Ponder St. Wost Sey. 2021
Vancouver Printing Service, 819 Metropolitan Building....8ey. 2193
Ward, Lionel A Co.. Ltd., 818 Homor St - Soy.   195
Woodruff. E. li. A Son,  1680 68th Avo. W Ebur. 189
Wrlgley Printing Co., Ltd., 436 Homer St Sey. 3825
Tho undermentioned firms aro non-union, Instigators or supporters of tlio "AMEBICAN PLAN" in the printing trade in
Vancouver, and consequently opposed to union men and union
Biggi,  Anderson, Odium,  Ltd. 0. A. Itoeddo, Ltd.
J. W. Boyd Rose,  Cowan A Latta
Clarke ft Stuart ;    J A. H   Timms
Evans A Hastings,  Ltd. Unoeda Prlntors
Murphy ft Chapman Whim  ft  Bindon
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San Francisco—Lodge 890 of this
o{ty and Lo4§e HI of Oakland,
both of (he Brotherhood of Railway
Clerki, Freight HandUra, Express
and Station Employees, have endorsed the "Minneapolis plan" of amalgamation of the craft unions of
railway employees Into a single int
dustrial union.
Charles Town, W. Po.—The trial
of Walter Allen, union miner, on a
charge of treason, has again been
postponed, due to lack of witnesses.
Many miners who have been sub-
poennjd are too poor to pay their
transportation expenses to court.
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ready for you. the body, double sewn,
Stanfield's   Green   Label,      for • - $200
Bed Label, Blue Label,   D^00*8 Workin8 Bo<*»-
Blaek Label, fro* $3.60      Slfe^lS
per sult 12-inch top $10.00
Men's Y-Neek Sweaters, up (Cruiser-boot)
from $200 'A lot of high-top boots at
Sleeveless Vests, all wool,      from, pair $6.00
for J5.00 Dr. Beed'a Cushion Sole
Men's Working Shirts $1.26 Shoes.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
FRIDAY September 8, 1»»
Rlnt ip Phone SeymoW ttti
tor «w»lnt»ienl
Dr. W. J. €urry
Suite 801 Dominion Building
Cigar Store
Kindling JYeo
1__0 GRANVILLE) Sey. 5280
be sure yon get
and Non-aloohollo nines of nil
Bandar unleu. 11 u, aad T.I0 p.n.
Sunday Reboot Inuaadlntolr following
morning i.rvle*. Wodntidtr teitlmonlu
m.ellni, • pm, free tu—te met
(01401   Blrki  BMl. ^^
In that dark hour when sympathy ant best service count so
much—call up
Phone Ilalrmont BS
Prompt Ambulance Service
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
Help the Fed. by helping our
The Workers Have
Secured a Large
Convention far
. A       i moat i i ■■■■—— ■■■■in —_»h___wm   n   » ■,_—_____—__—
Why cannot the organized workers
use their purchasing power and by
so doing support their own paper?
Patronize only those who use the
columns of the Federationist to
advertise their wares. AT._ September I, 19ZI
Economy in Dentistry Begins with
the Selection of the Right Work
Everyone wants good toeth—the beauty set that
suits your features perfectly—teeth that bestow
real distinction.
Perhaps yours is a ease requiring replacement of
missing teeth—then my Expression Work offers
a sure means of restoring tooth beauty and
efficiency. This work is notable for its feature
harmony, natural, beauty and thc comfortof perfect adjustment—results which thc facilities of
my own laboratory make possible.
Seymour 3331
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street West
Bank ot Nova Scotia Building
No Pain—
"Nerve Blocking"
and other methods for eliminating i.nin aro given
my export care.
I DK BRETT ANDEIISON, formerly member of tha Faculty of thw
C'ollego o( Dontiiilry, University of Bouthorn California, Lecturer oa
Crown and Bridgework, Dumonatrator in Platowork and Operatm
Dentii-try, Local and Genoral Anai-ntUtnift.
Vancouver Unions
Council—Preeldent, R. H. KeelandB,
M.L.A.: Konorul secretary, Percy R. Ben*
OUgh. Office: 808, 819 Pander St, V7.
Phono Soy. 7495. Meeti In Labor Hall »t
j p.m.  ou  tho  flrst and third Tuesdays
a month.	
dl—Meets    second    Monday    in    tha
taonth.    Preaident,  J.  R. White;  secretary, R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 86
Meeta decond Thursday tnery month,
819 Ponder St. W. PrMldeat, J. Bright-
wooll; financial aeeretary, tt A. BowroD,
-MO Burna  "*
tional Union of America—Local 120,
(Tancouvor, BfC., meeta aeoond and fourth
Tuesdays in each month ia Room 818, 819
Pender Street Wait. President, 0. >••
iorrott, 71 Hastings Bt E. Socretary,
A. R. Jani, 320 Citable St. Shop phone,
Soy. 8702. Rcaidenoe phone, Doug. 8171R
Boilermakers, Iron BhipbuUdors and
Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings
flrst and third Mondaya in each month.
Preaident, P. Willis; seoretary, A. Fraser.
Offico: Room 803—319 Pender St. W.
OBee hours. 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 6p
need brieklayera or masons for boiler
works,   ete.,   or   marble   letters,   phone
Brieklayera'  Union, Labor Temple.
peutere ond Joiners, Lc, .al 452—Preal-
lent, Wm. Dunn; rocordlng secretary.
Geo. Snell; business agent, Quo. H. Hardy.
Jfflcej Room 304, 319 Ponder St. W-
Meets socond and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,
loom 5, 819 Pender St. W.
Association,    Local    13-59—Offlee and
baa  162 Cordova Bt.  W.    Heeta flrat
Ud third   Frldaya.   •   p-m    Seeretary-
ireaanrer,  T.  Nixon;   bnsiness agent,  P.
UNION     OF     CANADA—An     Indofr
rial    unioa    of   all    workera    ln    log*
ging and conatrueUon camps. Coast Dls*
rlet and Oaneral Headaurters. 01 Co>
loTa Bt W-. Vaneoorer, B. C. Phone B«y.
785S.    J.  M.  Clarke, geaeral  seorotary-
treasurer; legal ad-rlaen, ..Heaara. Blra
Hacdonald * Co., Vanootiver, B. C. j andl*
•ra,  Milan.  Buttar *  Chiene,   Vancoa-
ter, B. C.
Ed. Dawson; iecretary, R. Hirst; business agont, P. R- Bengough. Office: BOO,
Till Pender Bt W. Meeta in Room 8.
319 Pender Bt. W., on aeoond and fourth
Tuesday  ln  month.
Leo  Oeorge;  secretary, J.   0.   Keefe;
msiness agent, P. R. Bengough. Offlce:
09, 819 Ponder St W. Meets in Room
18, 819 Pender St. W. ea flrat and third
'hursdays  In month.
rators and Papernangera of Amerie*.
—J-Cal 188, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
lth Thursdays at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phone Sey. 8491. Bualneaa agent, R. A.
B. -C.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
Union of Britiah Columbia—Meeting
tight, flrat nnd third Wednesday of each
aonth at 318 Cordova St W. President,
it. Thom; vice-president, R. Morgan;
locrotary-treasurer,' W. Donaldson. Ad-
Iress, 108 Mnin Str-rot, Vancouver, B. C.
Victoria Branch 'Agent's address, W.
Trancta, 557 Johnson St., Viotorla, B. 0.
Operating Engineers, Local 844, meets
.very Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 307
.abor Temple. SecrctaryTrensurer, N-
Ireen, 953 Hornby St. Phone Soy. 7043K-
Igcordtng Secretary, W. Chandlor, 1631
*gjl Ave., North Vancouver.
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
-Meeta A. 0. F. Htll, Mount PleaifU"
.st and 3rd Mondays at 10.18 a.m. and
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover. 11409 Clark*
)rive; recording-secretary, F. ft. Orlffin.
147—6tb Avenne East; treasurer, K. 8.
Iteveland; flnanclai-seoretary and busi-
itn agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dum-
rlea Street; office eorner Prior and Main
Phone Fair 8604R.
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
Irst Monday In each month, 8 p.m.  Pres-
dont, A. R- Gntenby; vice-president, Mrs.
lolk; recording secretary, C. McDonald,
________-'. 0, Box 508;    flnrnolal   secretary, P.
kfoNelsh, PjJ). Box 60»._	
The new Westminster branch
of the 0. B. U. meeta on the third
Wednesday of every month. Everybody
Soviet Russia, Vancouver branch, meota
first and third Sundays each month, £
p.m., at 81 Cordova St. W. For information write to branch aeeretary, S.T.A.B.R.,
61 Oordova St. W., Vaneonver, B. C.
Patronize   Fed   Advertisers.
To most people, the connecting or
disconnecting of a telephone soema a
simple operation of Installing or removing the Instrument As a matter
of faet, In every ease It necessitates
changes In the cables and wires overhead or underground. It also necei-hl*
tates changes in centra] office vires
and switchboard connections; in subscribers' accounts and directory listings; nnd frequently rorjulres new
"drop" lines front open wires or
eablos. Tbe problems of elation movement nre among the largo problems of
telephone aervice. Becauae of the
double oporation of disconnecting and
reconnecting, the work involved Is
often twice as great as In the case
of now subscribers.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
South Vancouver Labor League
The regular educational meeting
of the S. V. L. L. will be held tonight (Friday) at 6263 Chester St.
This meeting will be a little different from the usual educational
meeting, and all members are requested to attend. Comrade A. S.
Wells will epeak to the members on
current toplos.
The league is holding a danee on
Sept. 15 in St Mary's Hall, 62nd
Ave. Bast and Prince Albert Street.
There will be a good orchestra ln
attendance, and refreshments will
be served. The price of admission
Is 25 cents.   Everybody welcome.
The membership of the S. V. L.
h. Is steadily growing, and as the
winter season is coming on, it ls
expected that new members will
enroll at every meeting from now
on. All young people interested in
the Labor movement should endeavor to become members of this organization.
Friday, Sept. 16 being the night
of the dance, no meeting will be
We deliver to Hastings Street
East, Hastings Townsite, Vancouver Heights, Colllngwood,
Grandvlew, Victoria Drive,
Fraser Avenue, Main Street,
Fair viow West Avenues, Point
Grey, Kenisdolc, West lind.
123 Hastings St. 15 Sey. 3262
830 (iraiivlllc St. Sey.   866
3200 Main St Fair. 1683
1101 OranviUe St Sey. 01 _•
Slater's Famed Fork Shoulders
on sale Friday and Saturday;
reg 30c lb., special, lb.—
They only weigh from 4 to 8
Prime Pot Roasts from, lb...lOe
Prime Ovon Roasts from,
lb 13'/jO
Prime Rolled Roasts from....20c
Prime Boiling Beof from, lb.. 8c
Prime Boneless Stew Beef, 2 lbs.
for 25o
Small Cuts of Pork, lb.  25c
Very Choice Alberta Creamery
Butter, * -I   IA
3 lbs. for  fJHelU
From 7 a.m. to 11 a.m.
Alberta Fresh Made Creamery
Butter, 3 lbs. -J»| 1g
for   «PielO
The  Finest Alberta Creamery,
.o^. «1.25
Slater's  Famous  Breakfast
Streaky Bacon,      *£|   i_i_
3 lbs. for 9 1 lUU
Slater's Ayrshire Back    Og
Bacon, sliced, lb. .... OOC
Slater's Famed tlio 1 _.
Picnic Hams, lb  -GO 2 **>
Slater's Peameal        -^Ci**
Back Bacon, lb  OO jC
Slater's Sliced Break-   Aft —
fast Bacon, Ib   tvC
Finest Canadian OC/»
Cheese, lb    -SOC
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St, IL 2—STORES—2 065 Grumlllc St.
Sey. 888-072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"      Sey. 9513^391
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
Tirades Coundl Hears
lepril from Delegate
r ' itf Trades Congress
;f. (Continued from page 1)
C.F.R., YAHK, B. 0.
This place ls the "rypo" department of the C.P.R. * As there hae
been a shortage of men around
thia neck of the woods lately, the
C.P.R. has decided to employ nothing but Chinamen in their mill*
and recently a big bunch arrived
here, elthqr shipped from Vancouver or else direct from China.
This ls another move to reduce
the standard of living of the workers ln this part of the country, as
It compel., t-ho white mill workert)
to compete with Oriental labor.
The company Bhould not be
blamed for this as they are out to
mako profits und.care not how they
make thom; but what I can blame
is the company's henchmen, the
foremen, and walking bosses, who
themselves are slaves to the system the same as the rest of us, If
only they would- realize it.
It ls reportod that the "Holm's
Gypo Co." are going to open up
again at Yahk, which means that
all camps will be under the "Mur
ray and Weatherhead plan"; that
is Weatherhead will run them all
the same as he did last spring.
Of course the "gypos" will not
want to have a cump as they are
not long enough fn tt to be particular as to what Uke the camp Is.
What we nood to do Is to get
together and see that we get the
eight-hour day, and make the
company furnish the blankets, be
cause we have packed them on our
backs until we are hump shouldered. This will be easy to accomplish if we will only take a little
action on our own behalf. The
coal miners have left the woods
now that the strike is over and
have gone back to the mines, so we
have a better chance now lf we
would only go after it. Oet busy
and organize if you do'not want
to be driven from one camp to
another, the same as you were
last winter.
The Loggers' Association ls still
"howling" that they cannot secure
an adequate supply of labor for
their camps, and the other week
sent a delegation to Interview the
City Council of Vancouver, and to
point out to that body that it was
not necessary to take any steps to
relieve unemployment this winter,
as they could furnish Jobs for
several hundred men. One thing
thoy "forgot" to state to the Council waa the fact that the wages
they were paying were not sufficient for a single man tp exist upon
much less to keep a married" man
with a wife in town to support.
However, one thing this delegation did admit was the fact that
the Association operates a black
list, but said that all they had on
it was a few "extremists." They
did not stato that this black list
was the cause of their inability to
secure men, neithor did they state
that the operation of this black
list has chased hundreds of men
out of the province, simply because
these mon had the courage to flght
for an improvement in their living
conditions, and forgeting the fact
that this courage was what they
were extolling in the same men
during tho years of tho war.
If one did not understand the
naturo of all capitalist governments, one might feel inclined to
nsk how it is that the Provinciaf
Government in Victoria permils
this black list to be operated; how
it is that they allow the "sons of
the Empiro" to be chased out of
the country when their services
may be required in fighting future
wars, or it might bo asked how
the Liberal Government In Victoria permits the operation of this
privately-owned black listing employment agency, which is Incorporated aa a limited liability company, and whose articles of incor-
What Karl Radek
Thinks of the R. A.
I. C Enterprise
TTARL RADEK, one of the lead*
xv Ing figures in the Russian Soviet Govern irfont, has the following to say about tho Russian-
American Industrial Corporation,
in a messago recently received in
this country:
"The aid which the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America decided to furnish Soviet
Russia should serve as an example
to the proletarians of othor coun
tries. The American clothing
workers havo pointed the way that
Is most beneficial to Soviet Russia,
an,d which if followed should contribute considerably to tho liberation of the Russinn workers from
the yoke of foroign capital. Such
a step would lighten tho work of
preserving the social conquests of
the revolution and would accelerate tho oconomic development ol
Soviet Russia which In its turn
would bo ln a better position to aid
European proletariat in ita struggle of liberation.
"Hillman, the president of tho
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
America, is not a Communist, He
ls an honest American workor who,
having arrived in Russia not for
trie purpone of making revelations,
but for the purpose of aiding the
Russian workers, made an excel
lent study of the conditions under
which we are living, and thon re
turned to America to organize the
reliof work. The Amalgamated
Clothing Workers' Union Is not a
Communist organization; lt is a
union of workers suffering undor
the dictatorship of capitalism. This
union is not part of the yellow
A. F. of L. headed by GomperB, but
ln times of need lt furnishes more
aid to the other unions than some
of the biggest labor organizations.
Thia is due to the spirit of solidarity that pervades lt.
"That is why after the Amalgamated Clothing Workers had heard
Hlllman's report thoy declared:
'We helped the famine sufferers by
sondlng them $200,000, but that
was only temporary relief; we must
aid ln a way that will do away
with the famine in Russia altogether.'
"The Russian workers wilt receive thts news with great Joy not
only because $1,000,000 moans material relief, but also becauso the
spirit in which the American clothing workers have given this money
Is the spirit of the Russian work-
poratlon do not cover the hiring
of men? In other words, lt
might be asked, why the Liberal
Government in Victoria permits
the operation of this employment
agency which breaks the provin-
clalAct governing the operation ot
privately-owned employment offices? Why does not "our honest
farmer. Premier, Honest John," exhibit some of hts honesty, so that
It can be seen for once instead of
being heard of, by closing down
this Illegal employment office.
However, thej answer to -that
question Is easy to discover, because we know that the Liberal
Government ln Victoria, liko nil
capitalist government, are tho
henchmen and tools of such monied interests as the Lumbermen's
Association, and no more represent the interests of the working
class than a crocodile represents
the interests of the prey he ls
about to devour. If there is any
doubt about that, let us just cast
back our memory to the way that
"Honest John" and his Liberal
friends voted upon the question of
establishing a universal eight-hour
day for all work In British Columbia, while we can also keep ln the
back of our minds the fact that
the Lumbermen's Association had
some men over In Victoria at the
time looking after thir interests.
It's handy to have a good memory,
and be able to see inter-relations.
Perhaps lf the Lumbermen's As;
soclatlon could bring back into
British Columbia the fifteen hundred men they had on their black
list at the begtnnig of the present
year, and the most of whom have
been driven out of Canada in an
effort to get a job, then, perhaps,
they would not need to cry aloud
for slaves to fill the catle pens
they call camps.
Admit Existence of
Terrorist Group
 (Continued  from   page  1)
armed attack on Russia, and proves
according to the accusers, that they
took money from the British secret
service and from the so-called Ambassador Bakhmettev at Washington. They worked against Russia
up to and including the Genoa con-
ference last spring. This was an
invitation to the accused to save
their lives by smashing their party,
which is declared by the accusers to
be an irresponsible collection of
people whose executivo committee
had no control over them,
The last speeches of the defendants ln the trial showed courageous
unity and determination to avoid
breaks within their party at any
cost to themselves. Not even to
save their lives would the
central committee repudiate the actions of their foreign delegation ln
Paris. Gotz, fn his speech, explicitly stated that the present attitude of the Social Revolutionaries
does not sanction armed resistance
to Russia, but only political opposition within Russia. Other speakers
were, however, less tactful in their
Labor Day Sports
Were Huge Success
(Continued from Page I)
Girls under ten years—L. Pup
Boys under thirteen years—A.
Girls under thirteen years—M.
The lacrosse game for the Indian
Championship of B. C. was won
by the Squamlsh Indians, the Capi'
luno Indians never showing to ad'
vantage. The scoro waa Squamlsh, 4 goals, Capilano 1.
The prize for the largest family
on the field was won by A. S. Wells,
editor of the Federationist, who
had his entire family of six on
the fiold. There were many who
had larger families, but they did
not havo them all on the grounds
and consequently were unsuccessful.
Besides tho sports, thore were
many side attractions in tho afternoon, dancing being tho chief, and
tho big dance in the ovening at the
armory was well attended, the
prize waltz was closely contested,
being finally won by Mr. Upham,
of tho Plasterers union, and his
partner Mrs, McDowell. The second prizes went to Mr. Fisher of
the Barbers union, and his partner
Miss Miller, while the third prizes
were won by Mr. Crawford and his
sister, who was his partner.
Mayor Present* Prizes
At the close of the sporting
events, Mayor Morden of the North
shore city, was callod upon to presont the challenge cups won by
the Plumbers and Steamfltters; ln
doing so, he said, "I apreclate the
honor whtch has bcen conferred
on me when I wns asked to present
these magnificent prizes," and expressed the wish that many moro
spirited contests would bo held for
their possession. He also referred
to thc fact that the city of North
Vancouver had an ideal spot ln
Mahon Park for such events, and
whilo he deprecated the fact that
tho woat her was not all it might
have been, he would hope that
Mahon Park would be a permanent
placo for similar outings,
Business agont Smylie, who re-
coived the prizes donated by Maj.-
Genoral McRae nnd Shetlys Ltd.,
stated that it had given the mom-
bers jff his organization, Plumben
and Steamfltters, much pleasure)
that their teams had carried off
the major events, but he paid a
tribute to the sporting spirit of
the losing teams.
Tho officials ln charge of tbe
meet wore: Judge, Harry Neelands,
M.P.P.; chairman of sports com
mittoo, James Hale; announcer,
Bert Showier; starter, J. Riley;
assistants, Messrs. W. S. Dagnall,
S. Smylie and G. Blackman.
Additional Donations
The following is an additional
list of donators to the Labor Du:
sports at Mahon Park: New Weal
minster Browerlos, two barrels soft
drinks; Rainier Browing Co., two
barrels soft drinks; Stevenson's
Bakery, $5 bread tickets; Empresu
Thoatre Co., passes.
Hand yonr neighbor this copy n
The Federationist, and then ca
around noxt day for a subscription,
eirfployera; operated by the B. C.
Lofegers Association closed, and all
mini hired through the government
employment bureaus. It was also
pointed out in the letter that the
agency of the employers is a limited liability company, and that no
where In the articles of incorporation is thore reference to the company having the power to operate
afrj employment brueau.
The executive recommended that
the action asked for by the Lumber
Workers be taken and the government approached on the matter.
Frank and Brutal
Delegate Pettlplece, ln supporting tlio recommendation of the oxecutive, stated that recently Mr,
Hicks', the head of the lumber employers agency had appeared before
the city council when that body
was,discussing unemployment, and
had tatesd that the employers could
not get men. After a Uttle questioning, It was learned that every
statemont in the Lumber Workers
letter was true, and that Hicks'
statements-were as frunk and brutal
as ever uttered before a publio
body. He also stated that J. H.
McVety, superintendent of the Labor bureaus, had aleardy attempted to have relief from this agency.
He also asked that when the council sent a letter to the government
a letter be also sent to the city
council protesting against the incubus.
Delegate Nixon stated that he
gathered from the letter that the
agency referred to woe Illegal, and
should be put out of-business.
Secretary Bengough recommended that the city publicity bureau
should be thanked for the literature
given to the council In Its efforts to
socuro the 1923 Trades Congress
convention for Vancouver, and hfs
recommendation was adopted.
Referring to the absence of Aid.
Woodside and Scrlbbens, In view of
the invitation sent to those personages to be present at the council
meeting, Delegate Pettlpleoe stated
tiiat both had good alibis, as both
were out of town, and that they
had told him that they would be at
the next meeting.
Delegates Hardy and Smylie were
elected to the town planning organization as delegates to that
The Dry,Bock
Secretary Bengough reported that
he had a letter from the Wallace
Shipyard and Dry Dock Company,
stating that every consideration
would be given to the members of
the affiliated organizations for support in securing the construction
df the proposed dry dock. He nlso
stated that ho had trouble with
the firm, but it might be possible to
assist in this case* as it had been
possible' to retard In others, . A
petition for the dry dock was endorsed by the council, and the executive instructed to tako up the
matter with the governmental authorities.
Delegate Dunn, of the carpenters,
brought'' up the question of free
text books for children ln the pub
llo schools. He stated that one of
hts children had been asked to obtain $3 worth of books, and that If
theso books could not be supplied
freo, they should at least be sold
by the school board at cost.
Delegate Nixon also supported
tho idea of free text books, while
another dolegato pointed out that
the copyrights of those books were
held In the east, and urged that
thoy should be printed ln the government printing plant at Victoria.
President Neelands stated that as
a member of tho South Vancouver
School Board under the old regime,
he had lonrned-that the provincial
authorities could not got those
books as they were copyrighted, excopt at considerable expense, but
that South Vancourer and to bay
theee worka aad sell tbem at cotrt,
but tkat now aa tbe municipality
was under the control of the Provincial government, tbe South Vancouver children were charged the
same prices as the olty ohildren.
Delegate Herrett moved that the
executive of tbe couneil find out
why children have to pay the prices
they are charged for inferior supplies.
Delegate Showier asked if it was
true that South Vancouver children were charged $17.60 per moath
for attendance at the technical
school ?
Br. McLean and Cost
Delegate Pettlplece referred to
the efforts whtch were made years
ago to have free text books for the
children of the province, and
thought It was a good suggestion
that the executive should take th
matter up. He referred to the
statement made a short time ago
by Dr. McLean, minister of education for the provinco, in which he
had Intimated that the parents of
school children may in the near
future, have to bear a Uttle more
of the cost of education. He also
stated that lt was a crime, to take
milk away from babies, but It was
ns bad to make profits out of text
Mrs. Mahon pointed out the difficult position the parents who were
out of work and had children of
school age were in, and it was
pointed out by another delegate
that charitable organizations, suoh
as the Parent Teachers Association
had to aid ln such cases.
The exeoutlve was instructed to
take this question up with the authorities.
Having discussed the school question, the council then held a discussion on the hospital situation,
Delegate Pettlplece pointed out
that the General Hospital was
about -$120,000 in the hole, but
stated that in his opinion, this was
due to that organization doing provincial work, which should be paid
for by the province or municipalities surrounding Vancouver, who
received beneflt from the organisation.
On a request from the executive
of the Trades Congress, Delegates
Pettlplece, Bengough and Hardy
wero nomnfated for tho provincial
exocutive of the Trades Congress,
of which W. Bartlett ls chairman,
having been elected to that position
at the recent convention.
The Steam and Operating Engineers presented their, wage scale
for endorsation, which was on motion, handed to the Building Trades
committee, for a report thereon.
The Label Trades announced
that the flrst dance of the season
would be held on September 26.
New Tork—Custom Dressmakers Union No. 80, of the I. L. O.
W. U., are making an effort to organise all non-union custom tailoring establishments. Renewals of
agreement with those now operat
Ing union shops will be effected
ubout Sept. 16,
Memphis, Tenn.—Pressmen of
this city have signed new agreements with the daily papers to take
the place of contracts expiring Sept.
1. The new agreement maintains
the same scale of wages and working conditions which have prevailed
for some time.
At the Empress
"Spanish Lovo," a romantic melodrama by A vory Hopwood and
Mary Roberts Rinohart, which
played for one entire year at Max*
ine Elliott's theatre, New Tork,
will be presented by Associated
Players, at the Empress theatre.
"Spanish Love" comes here, admittedly the most unique novelty ever
presented on any stage.
The story of "Spanish Love" Is
teeming with love, hate, envy and,
In fact, all the primary emotions.
Ono critic aptly described It when
he declared lt to be filled with
"hissing hate and panting passion."
The Imperial Range at
b the Bcgt
Investment »n
Can Make
you oan have a hot
ovon with it in a very
few minutes—it will
heat your hot water
boiler in almost no
time. It'f economical
on fuel, and burna
wood, coal or anything.
It Is Only Possible for Us
to Sell It at this Price
•-becauw they aro mnde expressly tor the Hudson's Bay Com-
pany, on4 our quantity buying brings thorn to ui at a groat
reduction (rom tho regular selling prlct. It _ a range valu*
that haa no equal In Canada., Aa Illustrated—* rang* of easel-
lent appearanoe, good weight etsi tine finish. Has six cooking
holes, polished steel panelled top, size 38xil; duplex grates,
pouch feed to firebox; white enamel oven door with ther-
mometer, and 19&xlG%x_2H-lnoh oven. The range la fuUy
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands on a heavy
nlokel base. It's a splendid baker, and ln tho regular selling
way would cost at leaat 126.00 more than wo are asking for it,
and It's only because of ths largo number wo bought tbat wo
can sell at thla matchless e_ m m f./\
low price	
Let us show you.
--Lower Main Floor,
Hudson's Bay Company
The cast has been augmented with
several extras, and a Spanish string
band, which will discourse Incidental music throughout the piece,
and furnish the accompaniment to
several Spanish dancers.
^^ BET. _»-!
JU     wrac or nn. 11
The WMdsrfil Plsy ef Puttoa.
HiHlaf, Hate aad ruoiaaUag
By Avery Hopwood and Mary
Roberti Klnelinrt, now running
kt    the    Haj-merket,    London,
England.    1 yonr In Vienna I
yetr in Now fork, 1 yoar la
8000 Performancoa in Bpaia
Logging Men!
Christie's No. 100 Calfskin
Single Solo Btitebdown Boot
ts the lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever mado.
It yom on year tut u a -Mff
u-aawi ea Mas,  eludae, eu.,
then bur ChrUUs'i Mo. 50 tnd go
M ll. Waterpnef | gurutMt te
hold •—«» ■
Christie Boot
Phono Ssy. SOTO
Patronise Fed, adverll-em.
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
1M0 JL-WNI- DRIVE EAST Phone Fraser W t—
To Holders of Five Year
51 per cent Canada's
Victory Bonds
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st December, 1922.
THE MINISTER OF FINANCE offers to holden
of theie bonds who desire to continue their
investment  in  Dominion of   Canada  securities  the
privilege of exchanging the maturing bonds for new
bonds bearing 5} per cent interest, payable half yearly,
: of either of the following classes:—
(a) Five year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1927.
(b) Ten year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1932.
While the maturing bonds will carry interest to 1st
December, 1922, the new bonds will commence to earn
interest from 1st November, 1922, GIVING A BONOS
This offer is made to holders of the maturing bonds
and is not open to other investors. The bonds to be
issued under this proposal will be substantially of the
same character as those which are maturing, except
that the exemption from taxation does not apply to the
new issue.
Holders of the maturing bonds who wish to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should Uke
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, to a Branch of
any Chartered Bnnk in Canada and receive In exchange
an official receipt for the bonds surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver the corresponding bond* of
the new issue.
Holders of maturing fully registered bonds, interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa, will receive their
December 1 interest cheque as usual. Holden of
coupon bonds will detach and retain the last unmatured
coupon before surrendering the bond itself for conversion
The surrendered bonde will be forwarded by banks
to the Minister of Finance at Ottawa, where they will
bc exchanged for bonds of the new issue, in fully
registered, or coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May and 1st November
of each year of the duration ofthe loan, the first interest
payment accruing and payable 1st May, 1923. Bonds
of the new issue will be sent to the banks for
delivery immediately after the receipt ofthe surrendered
The bonds of the maturing issue which are not
converted under this proposal will bc paid off in cash on
the 1st December, 1922.
r...-_i   _-w       _.,  . .-.._. Minister of Finance.
Dated at Ottawa, 8th August, 1922.
flg_1_P_--^^ PAGE FOUR
FRIDAT... ...September 8, 192
The suit Is
a n    Imported
Scotch Tweed at
Holidays Ended
-Now to Work
Time to get into
warm clothing and
a Comfy Coat-
Here s the Coat; an
English Whipcord
HERE'S the newest thing for Fall. A stout English
Whipcord Gabardine Coat—the simon-pure stuff
for Pacific Coast weather. Rainproof for our sudden showers, warm and cozy in all weather. And
stylish—the very newest Raglan cut with patch
pockets. Three colors—olive, tan and brown. With
or without belt. Collar just as you like it—and the
length that suits you. This is our own special and a
wonderful buy at the price.
Mail Orders-
Bend else and color and Indicate style desired.   All orders mailed free—anl guaranteed to flt the purcha. or,   .
_■ worth or your monoy hack "
International Congress
Deals with U. S. Strike
(Continued from pan i_
they present themselves to the miners of the world.
.   Tho Fact!
These Acts are, in a nutshell:
The Germany of today (that Is, exclusive of the territory ihe lost In
! the war) yields 76,000,000 tons of
coal annually for purposes of Qer-
. man Industry. This same area used
formerly to produce 127,000,000
tons.   In those days, Qermany ex
ported coal besides taking; care of
her own needs. Now, in July, 1922,
alone, she had to import 1,600,000
tons from England at a cost of 6,-
.600,000 paper marks. As such a
financial burden is too heavy for
German Industry, heavy pressure ls
being brought to bear upon the
German miners to agree to do overtime work at the rate of six hours
per man per week, so as to extract
out of the German coal basins the
coal now being bought elsewhere,
besides furnishing to the Allies the
reparations coal stipulated.
For the German miners to accept this, would in turn mean that
60,000   British   minera  would   be
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 ycars
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish tliis.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
AU Organizations
interested in the work of tho
Unemployed Conference
are invited to attend a meeting to be held in the •
Thursday, September 14th
Committee will meet from 7 to 8 p.m.
Public Meeting at 8 p.m.
thrown out of employment. If, on
the other hand, the terms of the
Treaty of Versailles were to be modified and Germany could retain
her supply of coal, no overtime
work on the part of the Germans
would be necessary and the British
coal supply markets now supplied
by German reparation!- coal.
A further fact which weighed
heavily upon the minds of the
miners' delegates front the Allied
countries was the consideration
that if the principle of overtime
work were to be Introduced In Germany with Its splendid organization of miners, then similar efforts
would be made In other countries
pf Europe, thereby conflicting with
one of the most fundamental endeavors of miners tho world over,
namely, to shorten the hours of
work In their hazardous occupation.
Division of Opinion
Throughout the congress there
waa a division of opinion between
the French delegation (with which
half a dozen Czecho-Slovnldan delegates front time to time associated
themselves) and tho rest of the
congress. The French demanded
that the executive direction for
various efforts suggested to the
congress—such as vacations for
miners, special Insurance, works
councils, etc.—be placed In the
hands of the International, and that
the International practically compel tho, affiliated bodies to carry
out Its orders. The rest of thc
delegations maintained that the International can only map out nnd
chart courses of action, but thnt
the affiliated national groups are
the only ones that can carry
through to a successful end whatever the International decides is
desirable and necessary.
Tho French also proposed to call
n 24-hour strike as a gesture of tho
latent power of the International;
and to follow this short strike by
one of longer duration if necessary,
Tho other delegations, headed by
the British, argued that not only
would such a strike be a fizzle, but
it would conflict with the long-established theory that the miners
should win their demands by legii-
latlon through political action.
The counter-proposal, which prevailed by an overwhelming majority, was one approving of the general International Htrlke (not only
of the miners, but of all workers)
in the event of a threatening war,
but shelving the question of ways
and means by which miners may
obtain their international demands
until a later congress. Meinwhlle,
aB one step toward obtaining their
demands, the miners in countries
as yet unorganized are urged to
form .trade unions, and closed cooperation with the United, States Is
Other matters upon which the
congress voted affirmatively are the
establishment of a miners' international news bulletin; the creation In
the mining Industry of works councils, the membors of which shall be
appointed by and under the direct
and permanent control of the trade
unions; the passage in every country of a special provident law, In
which special regard shall be had
for unhealthy and dangerous occupations, nnd provision made for
workerB In these occupations to receive old age pensions at an earlier age; the setting aside of a 14-
day vacation with pay for every
miner each year; and the preparation of a uniform schedule of alms
and objects to be achieved ln the
mining Industry of all countries.
The next congress will be held
two years hence at Prague, Chechoslovakia. The old officers were reelected. For America, John L. Lewis
and William Green are to alt ai
members of the International tx*
ci-tlva -.nmnilttfKi.
(La Denatallte)
"WHAT is that?" you will *rt.
" Well, after you hare read the
following, you will be able to judge
the philanthropy of a great patron,
the Sieur Mlchclin, who preaches,
as you may be sure, for his idol.
France lacks people to exploit,: and
when people are Bcarce, they have
to pay high prices for them. Now
comes the order "make more children." But judge for yourselves.
Here is a news article which too
many still read. Make children,
name of God! That is the order.
A Michclln Prize for Births
The National Alliance for tho in
crease of the French population,
Col. Hunter Says Disaster
at Herrin Could Have
Been Avoided
President of Union When
Indicted Gives Himself Up
[By Carl Haessler]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Marlon, 111.—The Illinois Chamber of Commerce, which ls financing Attorney General Brundage's
prosecution of the Herrin riot cases
of June 21 and 22, got its first return on the |26,0,00 raised by it
when Otis Clark surrendered to the
authorities here and was placed in
a cell by Sheriff Thnxton.
When Clark learned that he was
the man indicted by the grand Jury
but whose name was not published,
he came Into Marion and after a
conference with the attorneys for
the miners union, he gave himself
up. He is president of the miners
local at Weaver, and was chock-
weighman. Attempts by Frank
Farrington, president, Illinois Mine
Workers, together with -attorneys
and members of the district board
to obtain Clark's release on ball
failed, because of the opposition: of
Brundage and States Attorney'-Defoe Duty. ,_
Farringten's reference to "the
very magnitude of the r agitation
which Is nationwide for convictions
In connection with this troublo"
was evidently taken by Brundhgc
as a stinging criticism of the fact
that the Illinois Chamber of Commerce Is subsidizing Brundage's
activities here. Btundago sal* in
reply, "The prosecution, representing the people, is not asneiling the
miners' union, nor is, the pro. ecu- |
lion a partisan to the dispute between the operntors and miners."
Col. Samuel Hunder, Illinois national guard. Is a type of militia
officer rarely met with ln those
days of big business control of government. Ho was formerly a union
miner, born In Williamson county,
near Marion, 34 years ago.
When .the talk of Indictments
flrst started, after the Herrin bloodshed of June 21 and 22, Hunter
stated that William J. Lester, president, Southern Illinois Coal Co.,
owner of the strip mine, should
head the list of those indicted. He
still thinks so.
"I went to Lester Sunday night,
June 18, and told Lester all violence could be averted If he would
agree to my plan," Hunter Bays,
"My plan wns to bring in troops
to escort the company gunmen and
strikebreakers safely out of the
county. They had made thomsolves
vory unpopular by their high-handed acts in coming down hore armed to break the coal strike when
everything was peaceful and good-
humored here.
"I told Lester that that would
mean closing down operations in
his strip mine, which he was operating In violation of agreement
with the union, as It was. Ho refused to close down. I bessed him
to avert loss of life and property
by shutting down. He repl'ed 'I'll
be damned if I will.1 He oir-rht to
be among the first to bo Indicted."
Hunter makes out a good case
for his thesis that thero would have
been no killings of unarmed unionists and no subsequent battle if the
troops could have come in on his
plan, helped the Imported men out
and then withdrawn again while
lho strike resumed ItB normal
peaceful course.
He tells how he wos stopped
himself by armed compnny guard",
but released when they saw hl-s uniform.
No subpoena, so fnr as Is known,
has been issued for Lester, who recently sold his strip mine to the
Peabody interests, according to
press announcements. Iiocal comment was favorable to the change.
"The Peabody people know how to
get along with, honest workers,"
was the trend of the remarks.'
a whose seat Is at 10 Vivienne Street,
Paris, has addressed the following
appeal to all heart feeling men.
"Our birth rate is falling, our
birth rate is crumbling; 1,034,000
births ln 1868, 745,000 In 1013, and
600,000 this year. If our births
continue to fall off at the present
rate. Our country is becoming depopulated, our factories will have
to close; we will lose all our riches;
we require more men, we require
moro children."
What did we tell you before?
You have all heard the heart-rending cry of our masters: "Our factories will close; we will lose our
riches." Workingmen and working women, they call aloud to us to
bring forth moro children to toil
because the capitalists need it. But
let us continue.
"While France is decreasing in
•population, Germany Increases by
600,000 yearly; England, 400,000
yearly; Italy, 800,000 yearly. We
need Frenchmen to defend Alsace,
to defend our peace. The present
decreasing birth rate means war,
Invasion, ruin."
For the saving of Alsace, to defend the peace, raise more children; because some day the German
capitalists may want to take from
the French capitalists the Saar Basin, and we will require soldiers
then. Those sad individuals, whom
we have always protected with our
bodies, on either side of the line,
call to you: "Working men anJ*|
working women, raise children;
we need gun fodder." As to figures,
which are given, they only count
the births; they do not count the
deaths, Infantile deaths, which are
formidable in all the above named
countries, because of the hardships
under which the poor people live.
"To let all the nation know the
grave danger that menace us, and
the means to conquer it 'The National Alliance for the Increase of
lhe French Population" has organized a contest, and is going to have
a pamphlet published for the, propaganda of birth Increase, As an
example to others the press will
publish the names of 600,000 persons who are doing their bit for tht
Increase of births.
A prize of 50,000 francs will be
awarded to the winners of the contest; five prizes of 10,000 francs;
two prizes of 2000 francs, and forty
prizes of 1000 francs ench will be
given to the other contestants to
recompense them, and as n reward
for their efforts."
Have you got thnt? 100,000 francs
or thereabouts will be distributed to
increase the energy of men, and
renew the slavery of women by
menns of one smalt pamphlet; 100,-
000 francs would have saved the
lives of a lot of children in the unsanitary slums. Villain go! Decreased birth rate; you know it and
practice it better than the working
class. Your refined education saves
you from the beast Instincts; and It
is those instincts that you are trying to reawaken In the working
class. Ah! no, we will not march
any more.
"The committee of honor of the
Mirhelin prize for the increase of
births Is honored, by) the high patronage of the President of the Republic, .by the presidents of the
senate nnd chamhors, Foch and all,
the highest political and scientific |
The Jury.Is all composed of persons who have consecrated activity to the increase of births.
Shut up all of you, author of this
future pamphlet, donators of prizes
and members of the committee of
honor; amongst your ranks can be
numbered all those who stand to
gain by the exploitation of working flesh, and gun fodder. Instead
of giving prizes for the bringing of
children Into the world, give us the
means to rniso them physically and
morally, as human dUnlty requires,
hy permitting the mothers and fathers of a family to have loig'ngs
big, and sanitary enough lo mnke
tuberculosis unknown; and In permitting the parents each yrar-to go
to the countrj', and breathe and en-
Joy nature's pure air.
Yes, I know there are Charitable,
Institutions for all that; but that |
Isn't what we want. What we desire Is to live by our work, and
most of all live free with our children, without ony of these lady patronesses, or visitor, who Hre careful
themselves not to have children so
thnt they may have more'time to
visit ours.
And so if you wnnt children, because the jury is compose 1 of persons who direct their activity to
thut question,  raise lots of them,
all of you who hove the money to
raise them,  and—nnd when your
mold Is broken, hand us over some
money, and then we will consider
whethi'   it   H   advisable  for  tht.
working clasa to raise some also.— j
(Translated from the French newspaper Le Ttavnilleur Du Bailment, I
July, 1922.) !
Substantial Increases Are
Secured" by Contract
and Day Men
Sydney, N. S.—An agreement has
been reached between District 26,
United Mine Workers of America,
and the British Empire Steel Corporation for the settlement of the
Nova Scotia coal strike.
The rateB and conditions agreed
upon by the respective confreres
are as follows:
Minimum datal rates to be increased to f3.20 per day with a
minimum increase of 40 cents per
day and adjustments of tho higher
Datal minimum rate at Sydney
mines to be $3.20, with increases in
the other datal rates corresponding to the increase given In the Dominion Coal Co. mines plus 12 cents
per day.
Contract rates to be Increased
12% per cent.; one-half per cent,
to be added for machine cutting;
three-quarter per cent, to be added
at Sydney mines.
Contract to cover all classes of
men included In the Montreal
agreement of 1921.
Contraot to extend to Jan. 15,
1924, and shall not terminate on
that date unless 40 days' previous
notice be given by either party,
but shall be terminable thereafter
at any time upon the said 40 days'
notice having been given.
The contract Is to be made retroactive to July 16, 1922. Provisions
for overtime and night work at
Glace Bay machine shop are also
arranged for.
The minimum data! rate in 1921
was $3.80. This was cut to $2.44
at the beginning of the year, but
waa subsequently increased to
$2.85. Contract rates have been
60 centa since the beginning of the
year as against 83 cents in 1921.
New York—Jim Larkin and Bon
Gltlow, convicted with others under
New York State's criminal anarchy
statute, have been recommitted to
Sing Sing prison. They had been
out on bail under a certificate of
reasonable doubt because no overt
act had been proved against them,
their sole offense being alleged participation ln publication of the Left
Wing manifesto of radical policy in
1910. They will have to continue
serving their five to ten year sentences unless the national defense
committee can bring their cases to
the attention of the Unitod States
supreme court. Larkin was active
In Ireland In Irish Labor's flght for
freedom before the Easter rebellion of 1916 against Great Britain.
Gltlow is a former Socialist assemblyman of New York.
Different Values in
For as little as $27.65 we can give you a smart-
looking, good wearing, navy serge suit—but if
you wish a real old-time suit, made from serge
with body, weight, and wear, we have it—and
the price is only
C. D. Bruce
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
San Francisco—One thousand
tear bombs have been received here
by Chief of Police O'Brien. It Is
announced that they will be UBed
"to scatter mobs in case of riots."
Nearing the close of a third of a
century as purveyors to the public
In high class entertainment, tlie
Vancouver Orpheum aa one of the
links In a great chain, has opened
Its 1922-23 season under most auspicious circumstances and favored
with the patronage of Its old-time
friends and fans. The Orpheum
circuit  is so firmly established  In
Paris Make of
Children's Shoes
For downright real hard wear this grade of
shoe is exceptionally good buying. Upper
leather is Canadian branded chrome, 'in good
substantial weight. Sole stock is specially selected oak tan leather. Counters, insoles, box
toes and heels are all solid leather.
We have this boot in all sizes, for both girls
and boys.
Child's  sizes.  5-V/_,  $2.25
Child's sizes, 8-10y2...
Misses' sizes, 11-2 „
Youths'sizes, 11-13 ~.
Boys'  sizes,    1-1%..
Growing Girls' sizes, 2^-7-
Hastings W.
Vancouver that it has come to be
known as the "Gibraltar of Vaudeville."    . *
The programme offered herewith
will be one of exceptional beauty
and grace, well balanced In every
respect with something to please
Remember, when you come to
the Orpheum, you come to see artists in the flesh and prices are not
more than those paid to see other
attractions. Careful attention to the
convenience of patrons Is the aim
of the management, and the "Make
Yourself at Home" sign Is one that
predominates at the Orpheum,
rimnk—FISHER * OILMORE—Bldrlt.
Hirry-SMITH and 8TBOHO—3a_t\
OUe—YOBE  tnd KINO—Bou
Nlghta, 250-11 Mtti.. lfiMOeJ
Twice Daily, 8:30 tnd 8:80      a
Springfield. Mass.—By n 90 per
cent, vote the Memorial Craftsmen
of America, a manufacturers association in the granite industry, expressed Itself In favor of tho open
New York—The'September I sure
of the World tomorrow is devoted
to child welfare. Progressive lde*ns
In education, child training, demof-
racy at home, and social Inheritance are discussed.
Workers'iFarty of Canada
Whist Drive and Dance
Corner of Clinton and Pender Streets
Saturday, Sept. 9th
Whist, 8 to 10 p.m. Dancing, 9 to 12 p.m.
ladies 25o i   i '  '        Oents 60e
Soviet Russia needs machinery— vast quantities of it.
The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractors, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Russia will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc.
American Workers! American Farmers!
Help Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to do.
Today-^-Help—At Once
International Tool Drive for
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the—
Friends of Soviet Russia
Help Build Up the
World's First
Workers' Bepublic
Accept my contribution ot $ ..'. to lic!p liulld up
Soviet Russia of the Workers mid Feasants. ;'
Name .....". J.....
Address  _.J	
City  State ..,„. Jl	


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