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British Columbia Federationist Mar 9, 1923

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 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEI)S
industrial unity: strength *m>        Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International) ___j_ea_
VANCOUVER, B. C, FBIDAY CORNING, MARCH 9,1923
POLITICAIi UNITT:
VI0T0BT
i_=
FIFTEENTH YEAR.  No. 10
FOUR PAGES
$2.60 PER YEA1
!T.&LlNONLMa
Committee Erpec\   '-arger
DELEGATES*
Turn Out Than -.1 er
Before
I Union-made Suit to Be Given
Away Free on the
16th
The union label league whist drives
and dances are becoming more and
moro popular. The number attending
is increasing, and the interest In
the boosting of the union label stimulated by the activities of this league.
The last dance held on February
16th was tho most successful of the
season, but it ls expected that the
one to be held on March 16th will be
even more successful.
The    trades    participating ln the
next dance are the Tailors, tho Gar-
j ment WorkerB, Boot and Shoo Work-
■ ers and the Barbers, all trades more
■ than usually interested in the boost-
I ing of the union label.
-     At the beginning of the season the
committee in charge decided that the
| best results would be secured If all
| the social functions were held at one
■ place, and the Alexandra Dancing Pa-
. villon, at the corner of Robson and
Hornby streets, was selected. This
dance hall has one of the best floors
in the city, with aU the necessary ac-
modatlon for whist drives and ro-
_. -hments, and all those who contemplate attending the next whist
drive and dance, can rest assured that
^everything will be done to make the
evening an enjoyable one.
With the object of boosting the
unloin label, the committee has de*
elded to give away a lady's or gent's
suit free. The only stipulation is
that the lucky person will select a
union tailor to make it. The winner
can select the material, the tailor to
make it, and the committee will pay
the bill, but it must carry the label.
Tickets aro now on aale at the Trades
Council office, and members of the
committee and secretary's of local
unions are also in possession of tickets; the price of admission fs ladles
25 cents, gentlemen 50 cents.
Communications with Attorney General Are
Presented
Workers Are Urged by the
Speakers to Organize
for Protection
LOYED HEAR|Trades Council to Assist in Organization
of Workers in Building Trades-Universal
Card Will Be Used
J. W. Bruce Says Canadian Labor Movement Is Coming
Back—British Workers to Be Informed as to
Unemployed Situation in Canada
, .'. i
THE Canadian Labor movement is coming back, said John W. Bruce, International Organize*" for
the Plumbers and Steamfltters, at the meeting ofthe Trades and Labor Council on Tuesday night,
and judging by the meeting of that body, the coming back process iB being carried on apace in
R. H. NEELANDSILABOR MEMBER DIS-
M.L.A. ADDRESSES
Tom Richardson Discusses
Cumberland Mine
Disaster
J. W. BRUCE A
VISITOR TO COAST
Attending to Plumbers Business in Vancouver
and Victoria
John W. Bruce,  general organizer
of the United Association of Plumbers and Steamfltters, was a visitor to
the Coast this week, and will stay in
lhe vicinity attending to a number of
matters in connection with his organization  ln  the  coast cities.    He reports a very favorable condition existing in the organization throughout
the  Dominion;   the  trade was never
better organized than at present, ana
a splendid-spirit prevalent among the
members)'-!?*    In Beveral cities there
was a !*■     itnent for improved wagea,
which _   rked as if it would be suc-
. cessfut. . It was with satisfaction that
he referred to the fact that with all
of the campaigns that had been put
on with a view to driving the workers
back that they had been successful in
resisting th{f$,fin fact had made ad-
, vahces.    The  general   depression   ln
' the  building trades  was  responsible
for a good deal of unemployment, but
the    conditions    elsewhere  had ab-
I sorbed them.   There had been a gen-
1 e.al    exodus to the  United    States,
*"ere the men were finding employ-
■nt under thn best of conditions.
" bu,,,      .mtlon to the fact that
[LE DRIVER*   iiilded movement among
Dock Build-" , *ne building industry to
ibor Hall,  ■'   Ijrkers back to the ten-
hour (lay ln the building season and
neglect them in winter, and also an
, extensive use of the apprentices, but
he was not afraid  of the  outcome.
The building trades workers and or-
L ganization were   always  among   the
'most militant,  and   had   established
t their conditions after  long and  per-
1 slstent efforts, and  would never surrender without everyone  being con-
, acious that they had been In a strug-
However, he felt that the ma-
' jorlty of  the   employers   recognized
this, and would not be party to carrying on a flght of   this   character.
The building trades would never submit to going back, but had their energies   directed   towards   an   adjustment of the industry to a point where
there would be a continuity of employment by winter operation or tne
building trodes, and fully provide for
the mechanics we have, without re-
\ sorting to campaigns of misrepresen-
1 tation of the conditions existing with
the object of inducing immigration or
placing the building trades mechanics
i in an unfavorable light.    As far as
the future was concerned, he was not
i vory optimistic, but hoped that some
I adjustment of the economic ctfhditlon
' of Europe  might  be  brought about
► that the world might get back to a
I normal condition.
The attendance at the unemployed
meeting held in the Empress theatre
laBt Sunday, was affected by the Inclement weather, walking being bad
through the slush, and unemployed
workers have little money for carfares.
In opening the meeting, George H.
Hardy, who took the chair owing to
the indisposition of the unemployed
conference committee chairman, W.
H. Cottrell, explained how the meeting had been called, and asked for the
report of the delegation which had Interviewed Attorney General Manaon,
as to the necessity for Immediate relief for the unemployed and the conditions on the Point Grey U. B. C.
clearing job.
The committee's report was presented, and read as follows:
Following the instructions of the
joint meoting between the unemployed conference committee, the undersigned went to Victoria and interviewed the attorney general on Feb. 19.
Arrangements were made for the
interview on the 16th, and your representatives left on the Sunday evening,
and met the attorney general on the
Monday morning following.
Stress wae laid on the need for Immediate action to gare -for the unemployed, and the Point Grey site clearing Job was not overlooked. Mrs,
Thomas also laid particular stress on
the needs for the women workers, who
could not obtain employment.
In discussing the situation in Vancouver, the attorney general pointed
out that Vancouver was in a position
to care for Its unemployed. He stated
that the statements made that the
Provincial government had not applied
to Ottawa for aid were untrue; that
the appeal had been made, but that
the government at Ottawa had taken
the stand that'as the general situation
ln Canada was not na serious as it had
been, and that In the country generally the unemployment Bltautlon waa
not serious, nothing could be done In
the way of financing the city of Vancouver, as other cltlea had not the
same difficulties. The attorney gener
nl, however, stated that the situation
ln South Vancouver was different, and
that a special appeal had been made
to Ottawa to aid South Vancouver,
but that this appeal had not met with
any response.
Following hts statement as to Vancouver, the attorney general promised
to send a letter to your delegates, outlining the situation and his ideas as to
the possibility of the city doing more
for the unemployed. When this letter
was received, we were surprised, as
the letter did not state what the attorney general had stated he would
put ln the letter, which was that the
City nf Vancouver was financially in a
position to care for the unemployed,
and the city authorities had not done
all that they could have done for the
unemployed.
The letter referred to reads as follows:
Victoria, B.C.
Feb; 22nd, 1923.
A. S. Wella and Mrs. Hustler Thomas,
Representing the Greater Vancouver Unemployment Council, Vancouver, B. C,
Dear Sir and Madam:
During the course of our conversation on the 19th inst, you stated that
it Is the common custom of Municipal
Authorities to refer Delegations
Unemployment Questions to the Provincial Government, and at your re-
(Contlnued on Page 4)
Vancouver.
Delegate Pettipiece stated that he wanted a movement that would move, and the Council moved towards the consolidation of the buildirifc trades, and the hundred per cent, organization of building
trade workers, when it adopted the 'recommendation, of the building trades committee, to hold organization meetings and to adopt quarterly working cards issued by the council, in all trades.
Protests against the present immigration schemes of the Canadian government will be ventilated
___ the British Labor press, following the decision pf the council, which took the stand that all these
schemes were for the purpose of lengthening the working day, and keeping the wages of the workers
at the lowest possible point-
In a speech that was much appreciated by the council, J. W. Bruce, representative of the United
Association of Plumbers, Steam and Pipefitters Union, outlined the position of the workers in Europe
and urged that the workers of Canada act for themselves in accordance with  the  conditions in the
^movement of Canada, and of the inter-fbig enough to make a movement for
"   themsolves to suit their own  conditions,
country.       ^_^^^__^^_^____
J. W. Bruce, ln opening, Btated that
the last time he had addressed the
Trades and Labor Council was after
the split had taken place, but he was
glad to see the activity in the Vancouver Labor movement at this time,
which was typical of the activity of the
movement the world over, and that
the tide of the movement was rising,
Beferring to the war period, he
stated that many men surrendered,
and that the conditions which Labor
organizations had won were lost, and
In spite of the promises made during
that time, the proof of the pudding
was in the eating, and the conditions
became worse after the war was over
than they were in the days prior to the
war.
Heferring to his sojourn in Europe,
during which he had visited Austria,
Germany, Holland, Franec and Great
Britain, the speaker pointed out that
in Canada the workers had been enthused and interested in what the
people of other countries were doing,
and applauded what the working class
of tho other countries were doing, but
that now we have to search into our
own movement and find what we are
doing.
Continuing, he said: There has been
a good deal of strife, but he asked
what is the use of trying to move a!
movement which is,not ready to move,
Referring to the ideas held by the
workers, he called attention to the
fact that some had Imperialistic ideas;
others were members of the Catholic
Labor unions, others affiliated to the
Red International, and still others to
the Idea of a strictly Canadian organization, while there remained a few
members ln the practically defunct
O.B.U. Referring specifically to the
Catholic unions, the speaker took the
stand that these organizations are
standing  In  the  way  of  the  Labor
NEW MEMBERS
Propaganda Meetings
The firBt of a aeries of propaganda
meetings by the Workera Party of
Canada* will be held on March 11, at
8 p.m., at the W. P. Hall, 303 % Pen*
- der West. The speakers will be Comrades MacDonnell and Curry.'
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
C. C. Miller Victim of Pneumonia, Interred on      j
Tuesday
The many friends of C. C. Miller,
who was for a time secretary of the
General Workers' Unit of the O.B.U.
in Vnncouver, were shocked last Saturday night to learn that this popular and energetic member of the
working class had succumbed to an
attack of pneumonia.
For some time Comrade Miller had
been under tho weather, and #nly a
short time ago seemed to be getting
better, and once again called around
to see his old friends in the labor
movement. At that time, he stated
that he was going Into the hospital
for a slight operation and would soon
be around again, but while the operation was successful, pneumonia set
in, and on Saturday evening he passed out.
The funeral was held on Tuesday
from the Edwards Undertaking Parlors on Granvillo street. Many of his
old comrades were presont, and the
ipall-bearers were oldtlmo friends of
tho deceased. They wero A. Smart,
S. Lewis, A. S. Wells and George H.
Hardy. Interment took place at
Ocean View cemetery. Comrade
Miller leaves behind a sorrowing wife
and    two    children, and a    host of
J. Keefe Goes to Winnipeg
Meeting of District
Lodge
The regular meeting of Local 182
of International Machinists and
Helpers, held on Thursday last, indicated new intereat on the part of
the members in the work of the organization. Two new members were
admitted, and several applications
for membership were received, and
many matters concerning railroad
workers were considered.
Secretary J. Keefe was elected to attend the meeting of District Lodge
No. 2, which commenced lta sessions
on Monday morning. This district
covers all the railroad members of
the International Association of Machinists members ln Canada.
Seeking to secure the best boys for
the trade, it was decided to offer a
scholarship for the boy who received
the highest number of marks in thb
Technical School examination, the
I boy, however, must be a membor of
Ikulge 182.
j f. Round-house workers working for
the C.P.R. have been cut down to
five days a week, but some forty men
have been laid . off. This increases
the difficulties of tho local railroad
organizations, and as all other railroad points are similarly affected, It.
ls expected that this will be one of
the questions taken up at the meeting of teh  district lodge.
national working class movement, and
to illustrate his point as to the divergent elements, he called the council's
attention to the fact that a Canadian
Carpenters Union hod been organized
in Toronto,
Amalgamation
Amalgamation was next touched
upon, the speaker stating that no one
could be againBt this move; but how
to do it was the next thing to learn.
Turning to the conditions of the work-
era, he stated that alt they were getting was an existence, but In his travels he had learned much of the workers In other countries, and the conditions they had to face. Special reference waa made to Germany, where the
speaker said the workers were working, while emaciated from the lack of
proper food. He also described the
conditions in Great Britain, and where
20,000 to 30,000 workers had paraded
when parliament assembled, to bring
home to the government the plight of
the unemployed, and that when the
house was discussing the unemployed
situation, the members of the
party supporting the government of tranquility were conspicuous by their absence, and not
even interested In the fate of the 2,-
000,000 unemployed, -even though 90
per cent, of them were men who had
fought overseas. Referring to the
parade of the King at the opening
ceremony of parliament, he pointed
out that huge crowds watched this
procession, while the police herded
and hounded the unemployed, and
that when Jack Jones called the members of the government In their apathy
to the plight of the needy, "dirty
dogs," he was justified, as at that time
they were talking about buying flowers and erecting monuments to the
dead, while no effort was ttiade to core
for the living.
European Conditions
Referring to conditions ln Europe,
the speaker stated that there must be
a revision of the peace treaty, as the
German workera we'ra working at a
rate beyond comprehension, that meat
was almost unknown to the German
workers, and that these conditions had
their reflex action on the workers of
Germany, and the American continent
where the attempt to increase the
hours of labor and lo decrease wages
was being made.
Appenl for Unity
In closing, the speaker pointed out
that there was no short-cut to emancipation, and that If the war debts of
this country were to be paid, they
would be paid out of profits wrung
out of the workors, and that aa the
demand for profits was made, so the
workers would get less and less, and
that If reslstence was not offered, the
conditions would become worse than
they were in the years before the Labor movement had made any headway. He called for unity, not splits,
and cited the British Labor Party as
an example as to what could be done
With fidelity and discipline in the
ranks of the workers, a discipline
which he stated was self-imposed, and
In view of the fact that the workers of
Canada wore drawn from the older
lands, they had thc exporienco to make
the Canadian movement what It should
be, and while dissensions had in the
pust been created, the men of tho Labor  movement  of Canada should   be
Interesting Discussion En*
sues on Mine Safety
Provisions
£S FINANCIAL
P
Wm. Irvine, Labor M. P. for
Calgary Eaat in Critical Mood
Takes Stand That Financiers
Control Dominion
Government
Immigration Protest
Delegate Bartlett called the attention of the council to the fact that a,
large number of men working on the
C. P. R. had been laid off, while others
had been placed on short time, and
he stated that he had been Instructed
to introduce a resolution calling on
the council to send to the British Labor papers and the chief whip of the
Labor Party, a true statement of the
conditions in the country, and that no
immigrants are needed while those in
the country are unable to flnd employment.
This resolution was adopted, while
some delegates took the atand that the
workera ahould get all the radicals
they could from Great Britain, in view
of their success in the last election.
On the request of the building
trades committee, it was decided to
hold building trades organization
meetings, aftd to issue a working card
each quarter, this move being made
ln order to bring the organizations
affiliated with the council closer together.
It was also decided to support the
B. C. Art League in its request for a
donation of $1500, after a short discussion, during which it was pointed
out that there were two organizations
in the field, and Delegate Pettipiece
had stated that unless these two outfits got together, he would oppose the
grant. Other delegates took the stand
that as Delegate Cory was appointed
by tho council on the B. C. Art League,
the request for support should be
granted.
Fair Wago Provisions
The action of the secretary In.wiring to the minister of Labor nt Ot-
tContlnued on page 3)
IS
Open Forum
The usual forum will be held on
Sunday, March 11, from 3 to 5 p.m.
at the W. P. Hall, S08-& Pender West,
when S. E. Beckett, M. A., will speak,
on "Incidence of Taxation: Whom Do
Our Taxes Hit?"
Refuse to Work Unless Sick
Members Are Cared
For
Melbourne, Australia—Seamen will
not sign on in Australian steamers
There may be a general eloction in whero the shipping companies refuse
to pay wages to seamen left on shoro
whilo sick at ports outside thoir homo
ports. Tho seamen contend that this
refusal on the part of the shipping
companies is contrary to tho award
givon them by the federal arbitration
court, and are determined to make a
stand on the matter,
The Seamen's Union has introduced
the rotary system of supplying labor
for the various shipping companies.
The seamen arc placed on a roster according to the length of time they
have been unemployed—those idlo the
longest getting the preference of Jobs
offered.
Get on tho Voters' List
British Columbia during the summer.
Aro you on the voters' list? If not,
seo that you get on. All voters who
failed to register their votes in the
last election, will be struck off the
lists, and must apply to have their
names remain on the list. Do it now.
Do not wait until too lato. The court
of revision will sit early ln May. All
applications to get on the list must be
ln six weeks before the court of revision sits, so there is no time to waste.
W. Z. Foster and Associates
Say Opinion Inflamed
Against Them
St. Joseph, Mich.—Change of venue
for Wm. Z. Foster and 21 other Lnbor
men accused of criminal syndicalism
Is asked on the ground that opinion in
Berrien county has been Inflamed
against the men and that Judge Chas.
B. AVhite has been endorsed for reelection by somo of the hostile groups.
The motion will be argued March 7.
The Republican county convention
denounced the defendants au Reds,
and at the same time endorsed White,
who Is to be trial judge. Tbe local
American Legion adopted resolutions
demanding a fair trial, but also denouncing "conspiratorB" against American institutions.
In filing a bill of particulars against
the defendants, as directed by tho
court of prosecution has listed 192
pamphlets and documents seized at thc
place where the alleged Communist
convention was held. These are relied
on as evidence that the Michigan criminal syndicalism law was violated. Thc
usefulness of the bill to the defense
is impaired by the assertion of the
prosecution that It Is incomplete.
O. L. Smith, assistant attorney general of Michigan, in charge of the
prosecution, is repeating the familiar
tales of "startling revelations" about
attempts at wholesale slaughter and
reigns of lerror to he instituted by the
Communists as a result of tho convention of Aug. 21, 1922. Me has promised to reveal tho revelations when
Foster, tho first of the defendants,
goes on trial March 12.
Tho air is still full of charges and
evasive denials taht secret money from
outside the State to pay tho expenses
of tho trials for Berrien county.
Tom Richardson and R. H. Neelands
addressed two meetings on Vancouver
Island, Sunday, March 4. In the afternoon at Northfleld, with "Jim"
Cartwrlght as chairman, and to a full
house in the Foresters' Hall, Nanaimo,
at night, with Bob Donnachie as chairman. Sam Guthrie, M. "L. A., was to
have spoken at both meetinga on the
Cumberland explosion, but owing to
having been kicked by a- horse, waa
unfortunately unable to be present.
At the Nanaimo meeting, Tom Richardson spoke flrst and dealt briefly
with the Cumberland explosion, emphasizing the point that, owing large*
ly to the miners not being organized,
they were themselves at leaat partly
responsible for the non-enforcement
of even such mining lawa as there are
on the statute books.
The speaker then dealt with the
international situation, urging the
workers to take the International con'
cept, and realize workers of the
world have an Identity of interest
The workers themselves, declared the
speaker, were responsible for existing
conditions, and It behoved the working class to take an aggressive attitude, the only solution to the world's
problems waa the overthrowing of the
capitalist system, and substitute a cooperative commonwealth. This could
not be done without aggressive action,
R. H. Neelands, M. L. A., spoke
briefly, reminding his hearers that
those of them who voted for
Hon. W. Sloan had no right
to complain at conditions, as
they were getting what they voted for.!
He repudiated the idea that Sloan was
anxious to serve the workers, citing
cases where he (Sloan) had voted In
the House against the Interests of hte
workers. Bo men and organize, were
his concluding remarks.
Question and discussion time proved
an interesting period. Tom Booth,
(Liberal candidate in the last Federal
election) asked the speakers for a
specific instance where the Coal Mines
Regulation Act was not enforced. He
was "Informed" from speaker and audience. W. H. Moore, manoger of the
Wakesiah mine, challenged anyone In
the audience to state in what wny the
safety of the men in AVakeslah mine
could be Improved. Upon helng questioned by Tom Richardson, he admitted that under a Bystem where coal
was produced for use and not for-
profit, improvement could be made.
Arthur Jordan made a constructive
contribution, urging the workers to
organize.,,
Tom Richardson was asked if it was
true that he visited Canada in 1916 at
the behest of the British Government,
and persuaded miners on Vancouver
Island to go to Britain, when the subsequently replaced miners over there
that were conscripted and sent to the
trenches. t      ,    ■
He ropl'led by reading correspondence from the officials of the Nanaimo
branch, U. M .W. a., nlmost begging
him t Bichardson) and Bob Smillie to
do something to assist those miners
that were helng discriminated against,
to get to the Old Country, where they
could secure work. This wus subsequently done, and he visited Vancouver Island, not ot the behest of the
British Government, but at the urgent
request of the miners themselves, It
was generally conceded the meeting
wns one of the best held In Nanalmo
for some time, and will probably he
followed b.v others shortly. ■
It is hoped that Sam Outhrie will
be able to attend the next meeting in
nbout two weeks.
Ottwaw, Can.—The present financial crisis In the' world was forcibly
presented to the Canadian Parliament
by William Irvine, Labor membor for
Calgary East, in his motion demanding an Investigation of the credit
problem.
"The financial system of the
world," he said, "Is in real danger of
collapse. We have continued to pyramid our debts and the pyramid has
been Inverted; lt Is standing on Its
apex, and we are building out and
out to suqh an extent that If we Keep
on, the whole' thing will ultimately
collapse around us."
"One of the expert students of this
subject," he added on this point,
"whom I Interviewed lh London lost
summer, told me that the system
could not possibly go on longer than
1926, and he based his prophecy on
the ratio of average overhead charges in the great staple industries to
the direct labor charges involved in
connection with those Industries."
Irvine sharply ealled attention to
the controlling Influence exercised in
politics by the great financiers.
"Those who control the finances of
any country," he declared, "control
the government and, as well, the
policy of Industry. It must be clear
to any member who. gives the matter
a moment's consideration that a government that must borrow $100,000,-
000 or $200,000,000 or more from
financiers cannot be absolutely independent of these financiers."
Canada Is engaged this year in the
decennial review of Its*'banking policy. The financial syBtem of the Dominion Is in the control of some
thirty-four banks which hold charters
from the federal Parliament and have
(Continued on page S)
OE
N.
CARPENTERS WILL
friends and comrades who recognized
his sterling worth in the labor movement.
South Vancouver Unemployed
The mombers of tbe South Vancou
ver Unemployed Protective Association
held (heir weekly meeting In tho Mutt telpal   Hall   on   Monday   night   last,
Comrade Wm. Smith acting as chairman.    On Monday night next, March
12, the quostion of "Exclusion of Asln
tics" will ho debated.    For the Mon
day night following.  March  Ifl, prof.
Mack Eastman will deliver his popular   lecturo   "Tho   Two   Revolutions."
The public Is cordially Invited to both
of these meotlngs to bo held In the
Municipal  Hall,   corner  43rd   Avenue
and Frasor Street.
Smoking Concert WiU Follow the Business
Meeting
Local 452 Chitted Brotherhood of
Carpenters will hold a smoker on
Monday next. All members are re-
qusted to attend, as the first part of
the ovening will be given over to the
transaction of Important business,
and tho referendum on the seating
of V. R. Mldgley in the Trades and
Labor Council will be taken.
The committoe In charge of lhe arrangements for the smoking concert
has intimated thnt there will be lots
of talent, several members of other
organizations having offered iheir |
services.
With some improvement in the
building trade situation, tho carpentera are seeking to build up the organization, and to Join with other
trades in scouring the bost possible
conditions and wages for all building
trade mechanics. The smoker is one
of the means adopted to stimulate
iho interest of tho membors In the
spring drivo, and a good crowd la expected, and the committee has left
nothing undone in order to care for
those who attond.
Y. Representative Says
Are Based on Religious
Prejudice
New York—The proposed new immigration law "is no doubt the result
of an alliance between the bigoted and
narrow-minded, nursing religious and
racial hatreds, and the.British steam-1
ship Companies," says 1*'. H. La Guar-.
dia, representative-elect, from New
York, in a letter to, Representative
Mondell, majority leadt-V In the House
ot Flopirescntatlveh at'Washington. Lu
Guardia protests , against the provisions of the proposed'bill which would
reduce the Jewish Immigration about
85 per oent., the Italian Immigration
ahout 90 per cent..■while it reduced
the British immigration only 19 peice nt.
"Such a change,", J)t_ continues,
"would immediately ^lirow n large
steamship passenger trade to the northern ports now entirely.controlled by
the British steamship companies.
With the present makeup of the De-
purtmem of Labor, susceptible to British influences, It can rendfly be seen
how the mathematics of tbe bill was
worked out in order In bring about
the  desired  results."
The Labor shortage propaganda
wilh which the country is being flooded by employing -interests bas been
• hai longed by W. F, ICehoo, secretary,
Central Trades and Labor ('ouncil of
Greater New York.
"We want the name-i of the employers who are no sadly In need of cheap
labor—aside from the steel trust.'* he
said. "Some of the mombors" tor instance, of lhe Brooklyn Chamber of
Commerce who are yelling "labor shortage* are fraying wage1; of $10 and $16
a week."
Commune Dunce
To commemorate the Paris Commune, tbe Workers I'arty has decided
to hold a dance lu the Clinton HaU.'on
Saturday, March 17. The committee
ln charge has arranged for a union
orchestra, and all arrangements have
been completed, nnd a good lime Is
assured to all who attend. Darning
will start nt 0 p.m. The price of admission Is, ladles 25 cdnts; gents, SO
cents.
The
F. Ii, P. Mooting
usual  propaganda  meeting of
the Federated Labor Party will be held
at headquarters, 148 Cordova Street
Wesl, on Sunday, at 8 p.m. The
speakers will he B, P. McCormack
and Aid. n. P. Pottlploco. Mrs. J, A.
Clarke will officiate In tho chair, All
members and friends arc invited to
attend.
(live a little encouragement to our
advertisers.
Moscow—Many items in the Moscow
press point lo the expectation of a
trade agreement with Japan In the
noar future. Joffre, the Russian representative in the fnr cast, ls in Tokio, and in connection with his arrival
tho premier of Japan has burned the
statement that Japan Is ready at any
time to enter into negotiations for
trade with Russia. PArtE TWO
fifteenth year, no* io BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b, c.
FRIDAY March" 9,  1928 j
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Office:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Office:    Room   30G—319   Pender   Street  West
notorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.	
necessity, bring home to the workers the need for
still furthor class action, so that they may be freed
from the bondage which the present system holds
them in.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, J3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to
Onions subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
Month. 	
Unity of labor:  Tho Hopo of tho World
FRIDAY :March 9,  1923
More Light on the Cumberland
Disaster
rr__ fight for an investigation into the coal mine
*■ disaster at Cumberland is still on, but the investigation has as not yet been held. Thc one outstanding qpestion whieh must be answered, not only
by the mine operators and their hirelings, but by
tho governmental department controlled by the
Hon. W. Sloan, Minister of Mines, is "how was the
gas alowed to accumulate in thc mine without detection!" How it exploded is a secondary consideration.
* *       *
The Federationist is in possession of information,
which proves that prior to tho explosion which
killed thirty-three men, some by thc force of the explosion and others from the afterdamp, that there
had been two previous explosions or fires which
indicated that gas was present in thc mino, within
forty-eight hours of the explosion whieh destroyed
a number of workers who were engaged in the production of profits for American capital.
In addition to the above, the Federationist has
been informed, by a man who was in the rescue
party, that at tho time the Drager apparatus was
needed, the pulmotors' were found to be without
oxygen. These aro facts whieh the men who worked
on the rescuo party well know, and cannot be disputed.
Other facts whicli have leaked out, in spite of the
press and the activities of the company, are that
several men were alive in the mine after the explosion, and could have been saved if proper care
had been taken. But the miners are unorganized.
They have no powor; but the power to have a
thorough investigation into the disaster at Cumberland, so that the miners on Vancouver Island will
not have to face suoh another disaster, lies in the
hands of the organized workers. •
»       #       *
How4his powor can best be used, the Labor movement must determine, but the miners on Vancouver
Island should also play their part in thc game whieh
may mean safety instead of death to them. Th_y can
do this by organizing. They can supply the facts. But
to date outside of one or two individuals, the miners
of Vancouver Island have not revealed just to what
extent the Coal Mines Regulation Act is violated
by the employers,
'*.-•*■       *
AH mining camps in British Columbia are controlled by tho employers. It may be that some are
not company towns, but the coal operators own and
control thc lives of thcir workers, as they do thc
business elements, and it is impossible to get a number of men together in any such place as Cumberland who are free from the economic pressure which
the operators ean place on them, and while the jury
in the Cumberland case rendered a verdict whicli
showed that the members of that body could not
understand thc reason of thc explosion, there could
be enough men found in the province, free from the
influence of the company, who could locate the real
trouble.
The Federationist has been informed that prior
to the main explosion, thc Chinamen employed in
thc mine ran on two occasions because nf miniature
explosions. That tjicsc men ran because they realized their danger there can bc no doubt, but there
aru many things which must bc cleared up before
thiB matter is settled, and the Federationist seeks
the aid of all those who are desirous of securing
safety for the Island miners, and at the same time
placing thc responsibility for the loss of thirty-three
lives a few weeks ago, not because of an explosion
of gas, but because an accumulation of gas was allowed, which was in itself certain to bring about a
disaster in which human lives would bc sacrificed
to thc profits of thc operators.
The Hopeful Signs in Great Britain
POl-ITlCAIi I-VRNTS arc but the reflection of
certain economic conditions, and the defcut of
two cabinet ministers in by-elections in Great Britain, are but thc reflex action which could be expected in a country where there arc more titan two
millions unemployed, and business depression is
rampant.
* *        *
But there arc some people who still Imagine that
if thc present British government loses a few more
seats, that there will be a Labor government formed.
They evidently forgot that those in power will do
all that can bo dono to hold on to that power, and
while Labor in thc Old Land has yet not challenged
the power of the capitalistic class, they have at least
advanced a good portion of thc road, and may in
thc very near future reach that stage.
Bonar Law and his supporters from tlie outside,
not thc members of parliament, but those who control the law-makers, including cabinet ministers,
realize that there is danger of working class revolt
in the British Isles, and that in Europe, the "Red
Menace," as they term it, has not by any means, become weaker becauso of the inability of capitalistic
governments to solve the problems whicli face, not
only the workers, but tho petit, bourgeoise, and consequently thc workers of the British Isles may yet
loarn that "constitutional authority" has, in the
past, and will if necessary in the future, again tuke
the power to chango constitutions, the laws and
anything on earth so that tlieir power will not be
taken away.
Apart from this phase of the situation, wliich may
arise if thc workors gain power, and intelligence
enough to make them a menace to capitalistic rule,
the successes of tho Labor Party in Great Britain
recently, are moro than hopeful. They indicate that
as a class, the workers arc taking aetion, and refuse
to vote a capitalistic ticket any longer. That is a
step in the right direction, and once taken will of
The Present System and Disease
DR. UNDERBILL, Medical Officer for Vancouver,
has sounded a warning.   He states that March
is the month when pneumonia is most dangerous.
But let him speak for himself if correctly quoted by
the press, if such a thing is possible; he says:
"Pneumonia is a disease which is brought on
by exposure when the system is below par, and
the prevailing cold winds with their penetrating effect should be carefully guarded against
by wearing warm  clothing," he said.   "The
best preventives are to found in plenty of fresh
air, and good food.   Windows,  especially  at
night, should be thrown wide open to avoid a
draught.  Close and vitiated atmosphere lowers
the system and detracts from thc natural powers of resistance.   A neglected cold will often
rosult in pneumonia."
Sonic years ago, a medical health officer, speaking
of tuberculosis, stated that "tuberculosis, or consumption was a poverty disease, and that to suggest
the cure to a working man, which is rest and good
food, seemed liko irony." We do not think that Dr,
Underhill would for a moment deprive the workers
of all they need, nor do we imagine that he is without sympathy for the poor who are ravaged by
disoasc, because we recognize that his statements
prove that he at least realizes that good food and
warm clothing and sanitary homes aro a safeguard
against disease. But the system under which we
live precludes the workers from obtaining good
food, warm clothes and sanitary dwellings. The
moral should bo obvious. It is take as good care of
yourself as you can against March winds, and abolish the system which leaves the workers in a condition where their stamina is below par at all times,
and will not, and can not, provide them with the
necessities of life.
BISHOP WILLIS
IN
Human Life versus Profits
A NOTHER CASE of profits versus human life has
LT- been aired a little during the week. This was
done when the B. C. Electric Railway Company,
through its assistant general manager, protetsted
against the company he represents paying the cost
of re-routing street cars from Campbell Avenue and
Venables Street, to Hastings Street East, and Vernon Drive.
At the time when Vancouver was much disturbed
by the street car smash, and some were killed and
many injured, the people were keen on some new
provisions being made. But Mr. Murrin, in a letter
to the City Bridges and Railway committee, insists
that the Great Northern Railway and not the B. C.
Electric Railway Company should bear the cost of
the re-routing, if the scheme is feasible.
The B. C. Electric Railway Company bases its
claim on the fact that the Great Northern were second in the field; in other words, that -the Street Railway Company had prior rights on Venables Street,
before the Great Northern built across the street.
But in the meantime, another accident may occur.
There could be an accident any day at the Hastings
Street crossing where the C. P. R. tracks cross the
B. C. Electric Railway tracks at Carrall Street, but
what of that? Are not profits worth more than
human lives? The price for the disaster at Venables Street was paid by those who died and suffered
injuries when the street car was demolished in the
collision. But then tlie B. C. Electric and the Great
Northern Railroad, and the C. P. R. are profit-securing institutions, and tho public can get by as best it
can, even if the passage is a little rough so that the
profits of these organizations be conserved.
Political Activity in the Province
INDICATIONS ARE not wanting to .show that
therc'may be a general provincial election duriifg
the summer. There is political activity in every one
of the old, and some of tho new capitalistic political
parties," but what arc the workers doing?
The Vancouver and District Labor Representation
Committee has bcen formed. It is a step towards,
politicnl unity on the part of the working class, and
can be mado a most effective organization for working elass politieal aetion.
This can, however, only be done if thc Labor organizations get behind the movement for politieal
action. Scoffers there will bo; direct actionists,
some one or something—save us from their nostrums, for thoy do not even know what direct action
implies, and even have less understanding of politieal action. And the real theologians in the working
elass movement will sny that tho move is not scientific. But the fact that it is already started proves
Unit it has a bnsis,
Having a basis, a movement will move on it, and
the basis of thc Labor Representation Committee is
the organized Labor movement, and to make the
effort to secure more working class representatives
in the next Provincial House, (here must be unity,
and for that reason we call the attention of the
renders of Tho Federationist who are members of
working class organizations to the fact that the next
meeting of tho committee will be held in April, when
a constitution will be discussed and possibly framed,
nnd that all working class organizations should bc
represented.
Press headlines on Wednesday indicated that
"Bonar Law will stay until forced to quit." Yes,
we imagined thnt, nnd after Bonar -Law has gone
out of office, the workers will have tho job of making the capitalist class quit, and that will not be as
easy as getting rid of the present premier.
Judging from the latest news from the seat of
peace, Europe, where thc peace treaty of Versailles
was drawn up, it would appear that.*thc prospects
for war arc more than hopeful. The armament trust
is getting busy, and in a short time the workers will
be again fighting their masters' battles,
Onc of the facts that the French occupation of
thc Ruhr has brought out is that French militarism
can bc used as effectively against thc French workers as it can bc against German capitalistic holdings,
as witness thc brutality against French workers who
have opposed the occupation of the German coal and
mineral areas.
An Outspoken Supporter of
Workers Succumbs to
influenza
Detroit—The country has lost an active and influential liberal through tbe
death here of 'Charles D. Williams,
bishop for 17 years of the Episcopal
diocese of Michigan, following attacks
of influenza and apoplexy.
"If the Lord ln desperation (pardon the phrase) should say, 'I will
feed these downtrodden starving children of mine,1 and rain brown bread
and molasses upon the earth, it would
do nothing to help the poverty of the
world under our present system. It
would merely raise the -land value
where the fall was heaviest."
The bishop, after an investigation,
was outspoken against Palmer's Red
raids In 1919-20 in Detroit. He waa a
national director of the American Civil
Liberties Union and president of the
National Church League for Social
and Industrial Democracy.
Labor M. P. Discusses
Financial Position
(Continued from page 1)
RUSSIA STILL FEELS
EFFECTS OF THE
F
Will Take Years of Reconstruction to Efface
Results
Dr. Nansen Aids by Sending
Seventy Tractors to
Ukraine
[By Robert Dunn]
(For tho Federated Preas)
Moscow—Although the worst of
Russia's great famine has long since
been officially announced as "liquidated" as a result of last year's favorable
harvest in most of the famine provinces,, the after effects of the famine
will take years of reconstruction to
efface. With the help of the Soviet
commissariat of agriculture, the peasants are now beginning this reconstruction, „
The worst of all the after effects Ib
the terrible reduction in land under
cultivation. According to figures appearing in the current report of the
agricultural commissariat the amount
of land not cultivated in the famine
area In 1922 was approximately SI per
cent, of the amount turned by the
plow in 1916.
In Siberia the reduction has not
been so ruinous amounting to only 40
per cent, whilo in the Ukraine it is
26 per cent. In spite of these depressing figures for the famine areas, the
autumn sowings for 1922 for the whole
of Russia covered an area 26 per cent-
larger than that sown in the fall of
1921, and the spring sowing promises
to be correspondingly larger.
The eagerness of the peasants to restore their shattered economy and to
recultlvate their idle fields ls reflected
ln the seed campaign of the Soviet
government. Over 250,000 tons of rye
were distributed for last fall's sowings and an additional 350,000 tons of
wheat, barley und oats are renerved
for spring distribution particularly ln
those provinces suffering most. Of
this amount 25,000 tons are alotted to
Samara, where relief and deconstr uction work is still carried on by the A.
R. A., the English nnd American
Quakers, the Dutch and Swedish Red
Cross and the Arbelter Hllfe organization.
Substantial assistance to agriculture
in the Ukraine will be rendered by the
Nansen organization. Dr. Nansen,
who ls now ln Moscow, has agreed to
send 70 tractors to Kharkov. H1b organization will also place at the disposal of the peasants credits amounting to two million gold rubles to purchase stock and agricultural amchin-
ery.
One dollar and fifty cents is the cost
for a six months' subscription to The
Federatlonist.
branches In all parts of the country.
These charters lapse every ten years,
and this Is the year lhat they fall in.
Consequently the question of their
renewal and revision! is one of the
vital matters coming before Parliament this session. Irvine's plea was
that there should be a general inquiry
Into the credit problem before the
bank charters were renewed, and he
pointed his argument by remarking:
"When the government has already
given them (the financiers) carte
blanche with regard to the credit of
the country, and given them a ten-
year right to the use of it, then that
government must como pap ln hand
to those financiers, the'government
having already given away its power."
Irvine gave the House an explanation of the Douglas credit scheme
last year, and a good many have regarded him as a convert to that system. But he stated definitely that he
wasr not pleading for any plan; and
that all he was asking for was an
investigation of the problem the existence of .which everybody admits.
Nevertheless he did not get a serious hearing from the House of Commons as a whole. Two or three of
the Progressive members put in a.
word for him, but both the ex-
Finance Ministers passed over his argument as negligabte. The present
Minister of Finance Indeed sidetracked the debate with a joke about
a boy who got a headache by trying
to watch all the-rings of a circus at
the same time. The inference was
that if the House tried to Inquire Into
the whole credit problem, it would
merely get nowhere.
It was made clear that under existing political conditions the Canadian Parliament is not likely to Inquire very closely Into fundamentals
of credit. Criticism oC our banking
system will have to be practical to
catch the public ear or the ear of
politicians. Whether much of that
will be forthcoming will be known
only when the bank act itself comes
up. There have been indications that
the West has some searching questions to ask, and the recent collapse
of the Merchants Bank in Eastern
Canada has caused many heart burnings.
Incidentally I have been told by
a Progressive member of Parliament
that branch bank managers have
been conducting an assiduous campaign this last year to make frienda
with the law-makers. This particular M.P. was informed that his credit
was good for almost anything he
would like to have, and then he was
advised that the bank inspector wished to have a .talk with him about the
revision of the bank act.
Fair Wago Clause Inserted
The South Vancouver Municipal
Council has gone on record as favoring the fair wage olause in contracts.
This was done when, after an effort
was made to have the alterations to
the Munielpal Hall carried out by day
labor had failed, Councillor Hardy insisted that a fair wage caluse shoud
be inserted In the contract, and this
was finally carried by the council, and
the Federal government fair wage
will be the wage to be paid on the
job.
London.—Oen. Sir Charles Towns-
hend has stated in an interview that
he "would not like to be the man to
propose war to the British parliament on the subject of- MobuI or
Mesopotamia." He pointed out thai
the British occupied Mosul after the
armistice in the same way as they
treated Constantinople, and "the occupation pf Mosul, I say without hesitation, is a strataagic blunder and a
great danger."
$25
SPRING COATS
SPRINO SUITS
$25
New  and   Striking  Models—In
the   New   Materials—the   New
Shades.
Oflered at a Popular Price
Famous
From Maker
       To Wearer
t2S  HASTINOS  ST..  Noar  Oraatllla
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBIS-ZBB, SOLICITORS, ETC.
-01.-0I Metropolitan Bill-lit
887 Heatings St W. VANCOUVER. B. O.
.Telephones: Seymoar 6866 and 6667
TRADES UNIONISTS
TAKE NOTICE
THE FOLLOWING BAKERIES EMPLOY
ALL UNION BAKERY SALESMEN
SHELLY BROS. LTD.
STEVENSON'S BAKERY
GRIFFITH'S BAKERY
THESE FIRMS PRODUCE AS GOOD BREAD
AS ANY IN THE CITY.   THEIR SERVICE
IS OF THE BEST.
WHY HAVE YOUR BREAD DELIVERED
TO YOUR HOME BY A NON-UNION MAN?
Be Consistent, and Patronize Those
Firms Which Employ Union Labor
LOCAL 371 BAKERY SALESMEN
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
French Silk
Shirtings
Of very fine weave in-colored stripes oil
white foundation. Splendid weight for
men's shirts or women's shirt-waists and
pyjamas. A 33-inch fabric of excellent quality at $2.75 a yard.
Jersey Treco for Lingerie
A new firmly woven artificial silk fabric with
drop-stitch effect for undervests, comes in white
and is tubular; in 36-inch width, at $2.75 a
yard.
New Two-Tone Taffeta Silks
Of superior quality, chiffon finish, in fascinating
combinations of color;  38 inches wide—$3.25 a
yard.
—Drysdalo's Silk Shop—Flrat Floor
Yoa may wish to help The Feder.
ntlonl-t. You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and send
Ing In the subscription ol your friend
or neighbor.
Your
Library
"An old book fs n now book to thoss
who have not read  it."
■PARLYLE said that he could
^"* judge a man by his library.
"But," he explained, "it is not
the number of books we read,
that make us efficient, but the
number of books we have mastered."
How many books have yon mu*
tewdt Are yoa willing* to sit for an
examination in nny ons book! If yoa
are, we will present you with a hand*
some disploma for G. S. (Graduate
Scholar) if you pus. Here are. a few
elementary books which every man and
woman should master in order to. take
their place intelligently'and efficiently
in modern society. Why waste time
on other things before you have mastered tho essentials of life t
1. Elementary Arithmetic—If you
cannot figtiru out cost and prices and
totals, you are certainly not fulfilling
your functions, '
2. Elementary Grammar—How to
speak and write correctly.
3. A Study of One of the Poets—
Wo suggest Robert Burns, Browning,
Shakespeare, Wordsworth, Shelly,
Swinburn, Byron, Lowell, Whittier,
Bryant.
4. A Study of One of th* following
authors. Rousseau, Thomns Moore,
Plato, Darwin, Herbert Spencer, Ruskin, Carlyle, Marx, Scott, Dickens, etc.
Wo can supply you with books on any
of the above subjects from SOc to $1;
or on any other subjeot.
To those willing to undergo a test,
we will give the above disploma.
FOB BOOKS WORTH
WHILE, SEE US
The Educational
Book Shop
4,   441  SETMOUB  STBEBT
VAHOOUVEB,  B.  O.
Mail orders and correspondence solicited.
IF IT'S
Kirk's Coal
—IT-
DOES LAST LONGER
COSTS NO MORE
NOW
Kirk & Co.
> Limited
929 Main Street'
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
Offloe No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Ring up Phone Seymour 2IS_
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suil*   SOI   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVBR, B. C.
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND NANAIMO
Kindling FVee
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANT
1440 GHANVILLE  Se,. MM
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Stntt
Seal., eerrleee, 11 a.m. and 7:10 pjn.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning servlee. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
901-03 Blrki Bldg.
B. r. Harrison S. A. Vttty
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING OO., LTD.
AMBULANCE SERVIOE
ISS K-NOSWAY       VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Phone Falnnona SB
BE SURE TOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK POR
-CIDER-
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
Phone, Highland (O.
Mainland
Cigar Store
SIO OARRALL STltEKT
THE PLAOE FOR PIPES
LONG DISTANCE tolephono servioe
will contact you with any desired
city within hundreds of mil. s. This fnct
of getting into personal touch with ths
distant party ts worthy of your serious
conslderatlrn. Your own telephone ie a
potential hub from which, at will, you
may rodiato business both Incoming anl
outgoing to numberless distant areas,
Call "Rato Clerk," for information de*
sired on charges to distant points-
Tour tolephono entitles you to a courteous, efficient service by carofully trained
operators, and it Is oor pleasure to provide you with tho many benefit! of this
service,
B. 0. TELEPHONE  OOMPANT.
—"LAID OFF"=—
Two Short Words. Bridging the Gulf Between
COMPORT and POVERTY
" Have yon protected yoanalf and yonr family agalnat eaet aa emergency,
witk a BA VINOS ACCOUNT—tke moat taluaUe Aeaet • maa ua eare tor
the "RAINY DAT."
Wa BTRONOL.  RECOUOTND yen to atari aeee la Meout AT ONOI,
at oae ef tor dty Branehea
HASTINGS and SETMOUB Om. I. Harneon, Manager
Cardan aad Akbott Main aad Ult An. Mala aad Broadway
.. WHERE TOU WILL RECEIVE PROMPT AND OOUETBOUB ATTENTION
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If yoa are Hving In a eommanlty iot pn_*4t_-_4 wttti BaaMng faa-nttles, ad-
rlress aa by nail, aad we wtll be f Ur. te gmlie yes ta re-apt-at to ''Banking by Mall." PAY March 9,  1928
fifteenth year. no. io BRITISH (COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
PAGE THREE
pENTISTRY
IAT CUT RATES
I hereby announce that all work done in my office
will hereafter be done at "CUT RATES"  ,
Expression Plates
HALF PRICE.
Bridgework and Crowns
HALF PRICE
Extraction of Teeth,
i  HALF PRICE
Gold, Porcelain and Alloy Fillings, Half Price.
I will give IB-year written guarantiee on my work.
Oet my estimate on your work,
Dr. Brett Anderson
CUT SATE DENTIST
602 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Corner Seymonr
Phone, Seymour 3331
Open Tuesday snd Friday Evenings
"WHEN CAPITALISM
WAS REVOLUTIONARY"
LAST Thursday evening the Marxtanfslaughter and compromise with reac-
T.div   nf   f-tn'oinl   H-vnlntlnn   wad   art.    tlnn.   murkf-i-   thalr nr____-_•_-*»-  and   avat
Vancouver Unions
NCOOVER TBADES AND LABOB
Ijounoil — President, B. H. Neelande, M.
IA.; general seoretary, Percy R. Bengough.
: UOS, 319 Fender St. West. Phono Sey.
„_. Meets lu Labor Hall at 8 p.m. ou
> flrat and third Tuesdays In month.
ILIED PRINTINO TRADES OOUNOIL—
■Meets Becond Monday ln tbe month. Pre-
lont, J. R. Whito; eecretary, R. H. Heel-
Ids. P. 0. Bor 66.	
KK___X SALESMEN, LOOAL 871—MeetB
■second Thursday every montb, 819 Pender
tree! Weet. President, J. Brlghtwcoll;
■ancial eeorotary, H. A. Bowron, 9819
lime Streot.
I_RM--_ij_-I BARBER8' lNTERNATipN-
■al Onion of America—Local 190, Van-
luYor, B. 0., meete Becond and lourth Tues-
Bra in eaoh month In Room 818—819 Pen-
Ir Street Weet. President, 0. E. Herrett,
■ Haetlngs Stroet East J Becretary, A. R.
Ini, 820 Oainblo Stroot. Shop phone, Sey.
■oa. Residence phoue. Doug. 2171R.
|tERNAT10..A_ BROTHERHOOD 0?
■BollermakerB, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
I, il America, Local 194—Meetings flret
ll third Mondsys In eaoh month. Presl-
Int. P. Willis; secretory, A, Fraeer. Office:
Com 803—319 Ponder Stroet Weot.   Offloe
■ura, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to S p.m._	
iaCKLAYERS AND MABONS—11 yon need
I bricklayers or masons for boiler works,
l,  or marble setters, phono Brlollayera'
lii'on, Labor Temple. ,	
AflTED BROTHERHOOD OU OARfBH-
■TER8 and Joiners, Local 159—President.
Im. Dunn; recording aeeretary, Oeo, Snell
I .inc.. agent, Oeo. H. Hardy. OJIeet
torn 801-^819 Pender Street Weat Meet!
■ootid and loarth Mondayo, 8 p.m. Boom 5,
It Pender Street Weat. _____
IviO EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets flret
Id third Fridays ln each month, at 14B Oor-
Mil Albert Street; secretary-tress-Wr, Oeo.
■arrison. 1335 Woodland Drive.  _
Ts5i5eeP^^ntep_satIoSal~3W»
I Steam and Operating, Loeal 811—MMta
lery Thursday at 8 p.m., Room SOT Labor
■emil-." •Seorotaryt-eaeurer, _f. Oroen, III
KX Street. Phoue Sey. 701SB. Record,
■g secrortry, J. R. Campbell, 808 Flret
Itreet, North Vancouver. ,	
Federated labor party, ue  oor-
'dova    Street   West Educational   meet-
,g.every Bunday evening, 8 o'clock. Busl-
Se meotiuge evory Wednesday ev«">ln8- *•
[aclnnle, chairman; E. H. Morrison, sec-
•eaa" Goorge D. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
irlve,' Vancouver, B. 0, corresponding see-
MTY ' FIREFIGHTERS UNION NO. "W=
J Preeldent. Neil MacDonald, No  1 Firehall;
■_.,_,.-■   ri   A. Watson. No. 3 Firehall.	
ltOTEL AND RESTAURANT Employees
lUnion, Loeal 98-411 Beymour Street,
lleets flrat and third Wednesday, at 2:80
Second and fourth Wednesdays ,at
_ „„ p.m. Kxeoutlve board meets every
fWar at 3 p.m. President, W. Colmar;
|u.?ne>. agent, A. Oraham.   Phone Seymour
lUMBER WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
I OF CANADA-Au Industrial union of all.
B-_r__r_ In logging and construction campe.
i°« Dlatrlct »d Oeneral Headouarter., 81
trdova Stroet West, Vancouver, B. 0.
Jhone Seymour 7856. 3. M. Clarke, general
fcr«»ry.t"«n,.r; legal adviser., Messrs.
ird Maodonald & Oo., Vancouver, B. 0.:
ldlt.nl. Mea?™. Buttar & Chiene, Vancou-
KcffiNisfr-ooAL 182 ^j»!d<,bn';,.Le|:
I George; .ecretary, J. **■■*•£?-.%_**__,
Irent P. R. Bengough. Offlco: _0». Ji»
fender Street Wee". Meet. In Room 318-
ll. Pender Street Weet, on flrst and third
■hnrsday. In month. -    ,   .r
l*_sriNT8fsT.ocAL 6»a^™.ldlSJl;1S
I Dawson; eecretary. R. HI™;. _TT_
Jient, P. R- Bongough. Offlce: 309—31»
Rnder Street West. Meet. In Room 3-
|l9 Pender Street Weet, on Becond and lth
|uw«laysin_3___: -_,.__„--;■
PB5CIAN8 MUTUAL—FROT^VE
I UNION. 1-ooal 115, A. F. of M.—Meet, at
loo.. Hall, Homer Street, Becond Sunday,
_f 10 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
■elB.n Street; eecretary, Edward Jamies.n,
El Nelson Street; financial secretary W. E.
William" Ml  N.l».n Street;   org.ni..r,  F.
■l.tehor. 991 Nolson Btreet.	
■rOTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, luiCORA-
1 TORS end Paperhonsere of America, Local
alls Vancouver—Meots 2nd and 4th Tnurs-
liv. ot 148 Cordova Street West. Phone,
■   . S610.   Bu.Iuqbb agent, R. A. Baker    -
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing mn"
^Phoenix, Ariz.—Approximately 2200
men have been thrown out of work
by the closing down of the construction campa of the Arizona State high,
way department. The shutdown fol-
lw8 an investigation by a joint leglsla.
tive committee, which declares that
the highway department is "hopeless.
ly bankrupt."	
ILE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF ANll
Dock Builders, Local No 2404-Moete In
.bor Hall, 319 P.nd.r Stre.t Wos; overy
,(d and 4tb Frldsy, at 8 p.m.   Jas. Thomp-
[n, financial secretary. —,
\IL_RS'  UNION OF THE PACIFIC.  186
ICordova Street West, P. O.JJoi,871. Phbn.
8708.    Meetings evory Monday at 7.80
_„     p   Hockadfty, bnsiness ngent.	
■rDERATED SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
|>C—Meeting nlghlB, first Tuesday Bud 8rd
Irlday of eaoh month et headquarters, SIB
Krdova Stroet Weet. President, D. fl tele; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary
Jeasurer, Wm. Donaldson address UK Oor
■ova Stroet Weot. Branch agent a address.
l-ii, Francis, 1421 Government Stroot, Vic-
Kirln, B. 0. .
Itreet and electrio railway em-
* nl.yem, Ploneor Division, No. 101-Mcots
*, p Hall, Eighth and Klngawny, 1st and
ird Mondays at 10:15 wn. and 7 p.m. Fro-
•ident. P. A, Hoover, 2109 Clarke Drive;
It ordlng ..cretary, A V. Lofting; MtjW,
__• F Andrew; flnanclal iecretary and bn.I-
l"e.s agent, W. H. Cottrell 166-17th Ave.
"lEt    Office corner Prior and Main Street..
J-hnne, Felrmont 1501Y. .	
i^RNCTMKN TAILORS' UNION OF
f°Amerlc». Local No. >"-}'™1>"8"prh»ld
Ilrst Monday In eaoh month, 8 p.m. Presl-
Sont, A. R. Oalonby; vlee.pre.ldent, Mrs.
Llk; recording seeretary, 0. McDonald P.
ll Bm 503; flnanolal seoretary, P. McNelsh,
0. Bot 503
Slater^s
Weekend
Specials
FREE DELIVERY
123 Hastings St. E Sey. 3262
1191 taraiivllle St Sey. 6149
3260 Main St. Fair. 1683
830  GranvUle St ...Sey.  866
FRESH MEAT DEFT.
Choicest   of   Prime   Beef   Pot
Roasts, from, lb 10c
Choicest of Prime Oven Roasts,
from, lb ;...12V2C
Choicest of Prime Boiling Beef,
from, tb  8c
Choicest of Prime Boneless Beef
Stew, 2 lbs. for 25c
PORK    PORK    PORK
Down Again
Slater's Famous Pork Shoulders, weighing from 4 to 10
lbs., regular 18c tb.   Friday
and Saturday ii_Llj»
special, lb  I*!?C
Prime Rolled Ribs of
Beef, from, lb	
18c
RotTlETV FOR TECHNICAL AID TO SO-
t viet Russia-Vancouver branch meets flrst
Ind third Sundays eaoh month. 2 p.m., at 61
IJrdov. Street West. For '«'»""."»"»gjtr
fe branch secretary. S. T. A. S. R.. 61 Cor-
■,-,, street West, Vancouver, B. 0.
iTPnORAPHICAL UNION NO. 928-Pre-
J sldent, Wm. Skinner; ''"■J™1'™,'' A'
tucVer: secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neeland.,
BV  0. Box 88.   MeetB last Snnday of each
fconth at 9 p.m.  ,	
T^*M_rrTfPOORAPHIOAL UNION No.
11 n»7—Prealdont, J. J. Begg: vice-president,
nt J Stewart: secrelary-treosnrer, L. 0.
Bjil-ert    P- __ B"T *1S| ___!___-!: "• "'
feRTNP. SJPERT      TVPOORAPHIOAL
f UNION, No. tlI-r_*nl,»,I.»J
jRtAneld serretary-treaenrer. J M. Campbell.
Bo Bo_f 889    Meet, last Thnnday of each
Hanil yonr netrhbor thin oopy of
JfTbo   Fofloratlonlst,   anfl   then   call
ar»un_ noxt ity for a subscription.
LOCAL LAMB
Local Lamb Logs, lb 36c
Local Lamb Loins, tb SOo
Local Lamb Shoulders, from
3 to 6 lbs., Ib 22c
Local   Lamb   Stew,   2   lbs.
for 85c
PORK
Slater's Famous Middle Cuts
of Pork, practically no bone;
all centro outs; regular 25c
lb.   Spocial at
per lb	
From 2 to 8 lbs.
20c
PROVISION  DEPT.
Finest Puro Lard
3 lbs. for	
EXTRA SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Ayrshire Roll
Bacon, sugar cured and very
mild; rogular 45c lb
Special, slicod	
Slater's Breakfast Stroaky Bacon, in half or whole slabs; reg.
38c Ib.   Friday
and Saturday	
55c
30c
33k
Slater's Back Bacon,  3   lbs.
for $1.00
B. C. Fresh Eggs, dozon....45c
SATURDAY  MORNING
SPECIALS
From 7 a.m. fo 11 n.m.
B, C. Fresh Eggs, dozen SSo
4-lb. tins Pure Marmalade....SOc
4-lb.  tins Empress  Strawberry
-lam 79c
Slater's Red Label Tea, lb....45c
Old Arm Chair Corn, 2 for....25c
Small White Beans, 4 lbs for 25o
Red Currant Jelly  2gc
Del Monte Pork and Beans,
3 for 25c
Don't forget to order     Og
your Souris; Back OOC
At Slater's 4 Stores
Law of Social Evolution waa ap
plied to the overthrow of Feudalism,
by the rising capitalist class.
Dr. Curry showed how, not only religious and moral concepts develop tn
line with material Interests'of the dominant classes, but that this economic
interpretation of history alone gives
us the key of human society, otherwise we can only look upon hiBtory as
a jumble of events depending on Divine revelations, or the advent of great
men as "makers of history."
While Industrial capitalism, based
aB it is bn machinery, and steam
power, Is a modern development. It
was the small trading classes, the
bourgeoisie which made war agalnat
Feudal institutions, because they
needed the political machinery ln their
business of trade.
Some striking passages were read
from Unterman's "World Revolutions," and from Slmond's "Claas
Struggle in America." Unterman
says: "The history of this class Ib the
history of compromise. Not one of
the capitalist classes of Europe haa
ever fully overcome its feudal opponents. They are brutal like all cowards, when he assured the weakness"
of his antagonists. This waa proven
in the "reign of terror," and later ln
the massacre of the Paris commun'
arris." Another thing to be remembered, said the speaker was that this
class never did much ln the way of
fighting their own battles. The peasants and industrial classes shed the
blood during the struggle for "freedom, fraternity and equality," in
France, and again for "Life, liberty
and pursuit of happiness," for the
benefit of the American business man,
and it was the same in the Great War
to "end war." Capitalism has never
rested on anything except the ignorance of the worker. Their egoism ia
perverted by what ls termed education, and when economic pressure and
understanding have destroyed this
foundation, the present economic system will be a thing of the past. The
first great bourgeois revolt waa a religious upheaval of Germany, in the
16th Century, known as the "Reformation." Its basis, however, was not in
tho sky, but of the earth earthy. It
was a clash between two rival exploiters of the German toiler—the clerical
class, centred in Rome, and the ruling
class of Germany.
The second great flght against Feudalism took place in England. Henry
VIII., the royal blue-beard of our Empire, had jumped over the papal traces
in his matrimonial activities, but
Cromwell was the man who represented the rising business class of Britain, through religious zeal, backed
with military power. He has given us
some great lessons in dictatorship and
direct action. Among other achievements, he had King Charles beheaded,
and he dissolved parliament in 1663,
ln somewhat the same manner as the
Bolsheviki did the Kerensky gang ln
October, 1917.
In Britain, however, a compromise
was soon effected; a monarchy and
House of Lords, the relics of feudalism, are found championing the cause
of "oil," and serving as directing heads
of International armament and distillery combines.
In France, a stormy time was experienced   by   the   rising   capitalist
At tho Orplienm
Dancing just now is my life and
I adore it, but when I have ceased to
love it and it becomes a mechanical
part of me, then I wilt not continue,"
declares the charming little Mile.
Stasia Ledova, starring In "The Land
of Fantasie," at the Orpheum theatre.
"That is the trouble," she saya,
with so many of the artists of today,—they don't know when to atop.
They go along for years in the same
routine of work till after a while they
become like a machine, ready to start
upon a second's notice, and Btop the
same way. Oh, no—not for me, for
I Bhnll never allow myself to get into
that stage. I try to accomplish new
mcthodB In my art by diligent practice on new Inspirations, and I flnd .it
not only kee'pa my spare time occupied, but I derive a great deal of
pleasure from It."
"Right now I am writing a book
about dancing. If you will notice
there are few books on the dance,
and so much repetition," she saya.
"The art seems to havo come down
by word of mouth and demonstration,
and for that resason I am working
out this book which I hope to have
finished within a year.
"Wo hopo somo day to have a
school of the dance hero in America
that will rival those of any country.
Of course we will have to study the
methods of RusBla and Italy, because
there have boon no new ideqs create-
td by the dancers of this country."
—ORPHIUM—
COM. WED EVE., MABCn 14th
Fonr Mlghti and Three Matltnnn
Stasia Ledova ln "THE LAND OF
FANTASIA" with W. Wania, featur-
 ing Jimmy Lyons.	
Horace Wr'ght and Bene Dietrich
Fred—MOOBE and KENDALL—Leo
FRANK and TEDDY 8ABINX
WHITS BROS.
BOTAL SIDNEYS
Howard Smith and Mildred Barker
Mats: 16c to 65c; Nights: 26c to fl
Twice Dally. 2:80 and 6:80
tion, marked their progress and even
today, the leaders of a nation are evidencing these same characteristics in
their invasion of Germany.
The speaker devoted most of his
time to the American war of Independence, and that civil conflict to "free
the slave." Soma pictures of the Puritans, who had left the,Old Land for
"freedom to worship God," hounding
black slaves, persecuting Quakers and
burning witches, were shown on the
screen.
The Boston Ten Party
That patriotic episode, known as the
tea party, was shown to have had a
flnanclal basis also. American smugglers of tea lost their proflt when the
English export tax on this commodity
was abolished. Tea then became so
cheap that the smuggling class of New
England, In their patriotic wrath,
arose and dumped the goods of their
competitors into Boston harbor. There
we have more direct action. The
camouflage which blinded the eyes of
the real fighters tn thla revolt against
British 'tyranny" was the battlecry
"Life, liberty and pursuit of happiness." But what the business element
which started the war wanted, was
trade in negro slaves, and business in
general without any interference from
British rulers or competitors,
George Washington, whom our
school books used to tell us had never
told a lie, was the owner of numerous
black slaves, which he bequeathed to
his heirs, and reports show that as a
royal land surveyor, he had stolen
30,000 acres from the British government. Out of 4,000,000 inhabitants of
tho American colonies at this time, according to Woodrow Wilson's history,
only 120,000 had been granted the
vote, and these were of the, "better
classes." Black slaves in those days,
before machine production, and consequently when unemployment was
unknown, brought a prlce'up to $4000
each. The speaker wished to know
how many wage slavos In Vancouver
would be valued at that today?
President John Adams, in those early days, stated; "It is of no conse-
Australian Workers Would
Endeavor to Arrest
Unemployment
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—The coal minera
federation ia demanding that steps be
taken to arrest the evil of Irregular
employment in the Industry in Australia. A minimum 30-hour week is suggested.
The miners' manifesto says: "The
fact cannot be disputed that the coal
miners of Australia can produce ln 30
houra a week all the coal the country
would possibly use, provided they are
allowed reasonably steady work.
"If they can aupply the demand by
working steadily six houra a day and
five days a week, then why should they
bexrequlred to work eight hours a day
and six days a week only part of the
time?
"The shorter working day would
spread their employment out over a
wider period of the year. In asking
for a 6-hour day and a 5-day week,
they do not seek more pay for lesa
work, as the coal operators would
have the public believe. What they
want Is a reasonable assurance that
they will have steady and unbroken
work."
The miners federation haa petitioned the State government of New South
Wales to take over and work for the
beneflt of the community mines closed
by the coal operators in order to keep
up the price of coal.
Trades Council to Assist
in Organization of Workers in Building Trades
(Continued from Page 1)	
tawa,   requesting information- aa  to
the fair wage provisions in the contracts for harbor improvements, was
quence by what name you call your \ endorsed.   But the reply of the min-
people; whether they are freemen or. later, which was very indefinite, and
slaves.    What matters it whether a did not stipulate whether this clause
landlord, employing ten laborers gives
them wagqs, to buy the necessaries of
life, or gives them these necessaries
directly."
Tho only reason why capitalism
conquered chattel slavery and feudal-
Ism, was because lt paid better.
The Civil War was a contest between
the rising capitalists of the north, and
tho slave owners of the south, for the
political machinery of the country,
and the north representing a more advanced system of production, won the
day.
The speaker concluded his address
with the following from Unterman's
"Burgeois Revolutions:" i "Tho only
motives that has ever actuated the
capitalists is greed of money. Thou
shalt not kill, has been thundered
from their pulpits, but no class has
spilled human blood on such slight
pretexts as they. History brands them
ns the most Incapable and aimless
class that has ever held the reins of
society, and lt will write upon the
graves of the bourgeoisie the flaming
epitaph; 'Hero lies the capitalist class,
a traitor to Its ideals and incompetent
in government and an enemy to mankind'."
Next Thursday the scubject will be
"Lessons from the Paris Commune."
The greatest assistance that the
readers of The Foderationist can render lis at this timo, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news of the working class
movement and assist ns.
would be Inserted or not, but that the
Harbtfr Board's attention had been
called to the provisions of the fair-
wage order tn council, was not received with much enthusiasm, and ordered received and flled, the executive to
have power to take action.
A letter of protest from the carpenters against the provisions of the City
Council, wherein men are too old at
40 was received.
Delegate Pettipiece stated that
the provisions of this new legislation
were not understood. While another
delegate called the attention of the
council that a man when applying for
a job, had been told by some official,
that he waa under the Impression that
no men over forty could be taken on.
Delegate Hardy stated^hat his organization was opposed to employers'
insurance schemes, as they only tied
the workor to the Job. *
Delegate Pettipiece then stated that
the Civic Employees, of whom there
were some 1200, had asked for this
legislation, and lf the workers wished
to put the chains on their legs, then
he was willing to let them do so.
The question of amending the constitution to provide for the limiting of
the amount of per capita tax to be
paid by a local union to $25 per month,
nnd to also limit the number of delegates, was introduced on a notice of
motion, and read a first time, the matter to bo decided at the next meeting
of the council,
The council adjourned after a busy
and interesting session, at 10:45 p.m.
LUMBER WORKERS'
NEWS AND VIEWS
DANCING
Every Hon., W._. nnd S.t. Ercnlngi
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION      ~
804 HOBNBY 81. Opp. Court Hoaw
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A  UoihI  I'Ihiv hi  __il"
IIAKTIV;.     1MI  (1)1,1 Mill -  HTk.
W1IBN IN   Hl\\\ KlOf ,\|
The Jlivar Rooms
-tsit, oolti>t)V> i:\st
Ev_.rv!t'inir  Miwlr-m
ENGLISH LUMBER CO.
Camp 1, R.F.D., Washington
This Is the usual type of camp as
regards the mental outlook of tlje
slaveB. Happening to run across the
"Industrial Worker" last winter, I
noticed that the "wobs" Intend calling
a strike on the first of May, "Call"
is a good word used in this connection for that is all tho strike will
amount to.
Lit ub examine the foregoing statement. By stating in their papers
months ago that thoy intended to can
a striko on May 1st, tho LW.W. have
committed an unpardonable tacticai
blunder. This Is the Identical blunder
which they used to ridicule the craft
unions for making. Evidently tho
"wobbllbs" ontortaln rather pronounced conceptions on what ls called
"fair play." Thrrc is nothing like
giving the other fellow a chance. My
conception of an induatrlal clash Is
that it ls warfare. A lest or strength
of two oppdslng forces. That being
so, strikes should occur without an,,
warning whatover, if po.-Slblo. Serving notice on tho boss that a striko
la to take place six months in the
futuro is practically Inviting defeat.
Just now the I.W.W. are all "hot
up" over tho arrest of a lawyer In
Centralla, and are filling tho "can" of
that "hoosier" town with mon who
would be better occupied obeying Joo
Hill's injunction to "organizo." Too
many good men havo been sacrificed
in theBo silly free speech flghta. Free
speech indeed! '.'There alnt no slch
finlmal," nor will .thore be Bo long as
thero ia a class to be subdued. In tho
interim, there may be pormitted
'Speech, and of course rebellious
speech, but no froo speech.
Ab regards progress, the "wobs"
appear to be progressing In a circle.
In other words it Is falling back on
things that usuri to be done In the
eurly days of the organization.
DEL. 112 3.
Two letters havo boon received
which attempted to refuto1 the arguments brought forward by Dol. 607 ln
a recent issuo of tho Fedorationiflt,
both letters being more abusive thnn
logical.
Delegate 607 nover atated that the
I.W.W. had always been used by the
master class for their own intorests,
but he did say that everything pointed to th« fact that they novT wet*
'being used by the masters. Evidence
of that fact can be found not in the
"War Cry" as one writer seemed to
suggest, but in such papers as "Industrial Solidarity" and "The Industrial Worker." It is true that they
do not proclaim themselves to be
such, and still continue using the
same old phrases, but the toeth and
clnwa have been extrncted from their
old  revolutionary  position.
Delegate 607 enquired as to why
the I.W.W., if they were sincere, refused to co-operate with the L. W.
I.U. during 1921 and 1922 whon they
were askoU to do so, and both writers
answer this In the same way: "Because they have been organized since
1905, while we have only boon organized Hlnco 1919. What that has to
do wilh tbe question Ib not clear, but
ono might as consistently then ask
the I.W.W. why thoy fight tho A, F.
of L., seeing that lt has bcen organised for somo forty odd years while
tho I.W.W. has only soveutccii years
of existence.
A special mooting of the L.W.l.U.
was held on Sunday last to discuss
ways and means for tho Union issuing a two-weekly bulletin, this bulletin to bo devoted to dealing with
tho problems that nre 'peculiar to the
lumber Industry,
Tho mooting, which lasted for several hours, was vory interesting, many
reasons being ndvnnceri for tho necessity of a bulletin. It was felt that a
bulletin issued by thc union would do
more thun anything olse to consolidate the membership, explain the
position of tho union, and help build
up the organization  generally.
Tho committeo wliich was appointed at tho previous moeting to go into
tho matter brought In a series of
recommendations, most of which
were adopted by tho mooting, and referred to thc oxecutivo for action.
Efforts will be made to get out tho
bulletin at tho earliest possible date.
Will any of the men who wore
working at Headquarters laat summer please communicatot with tho
socretary L.W.I.U„ 61 Cordova street
west, as soon as ever convenient?
Vincent McDonnell ifl asked to
write lo pat Somers, Anyox, B.C,
Thero ls Important news for him from
home,
Come and. Look at this
IMPERIAL
RANGE
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H.B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooMng holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
$59
-CASH OR TERMS--*-
Hudson's Bay Company
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cusimdc Rcer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has beon spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has bcen worth it.
Insist Upon
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45-49 Hastings St., East
Fl
GRANITE SAYS
Passive Resistance of German Workers Causes
Surprise
LETTERS TO
ED
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management,]
Workers Children at School
Editor B. C. FederationiBt—Dear
Sir: Ah a union man, with a aon attending Frunk I in .school, Hastings
'Park, I feel that publicity on an urgent question relating to our children's
education, needs prominence. Many
parents whose children attend this
school, may be unaware that an agitation is on foot to place war pictures in
thfs and other schools. Not long ago
my boy brought home a peace card,
with a request for money to be used
in the establishment of a Peace Arch.
Those entirely different policies must
show to parents that strenuous effort
la being made on a line of action,
which may lay the foundation stone In
your child's career, of such concept
tions that you as a parent, may not
deem fit that a child of yours should
uphold. I understand that a meeting
of the Parent Teachers Association in
connection with this particular school
will meet on Wednesday, March 14, at
7:30 p.m. sharp, and suggest If your
child attends this school, to come and
join the association and thereby claim
your right as a parent, to express your
views, and If necessary vote on wheth-
er war pictures are to be admitted to
the schools.   Yours truly,
R. EDMONDS,
544 Windemere Street,
Hastings Park.
Get on tho Voters' List
There may be a general election In
British Columbia during the summer,
Are you'on the voters' list?-. If not,
see that you get on. All voters who
failed to register their votes In the
last election, will be struck off the
lists, and must apply to have tlieir
names remain on the list. Do it now.
Do not* wait until too late, The oourt
of revision will sit early in May. All
applications to get on the Ust must be
In six weeks before the court of revision sits, so there is no time to waste.
Copenhagen, Denmark—Eight hundred workers' families of Denmark
have declared their willingness to tako
Into their homes Oerman children
from the Ruhr valley who are In special need. This is ln line with what
the Dnnes have been doing generously
over since the great war ended. During the summer large numbers of German children are brought to Denmark
as the guests of Danish families, and
are there given country air and wholesome food such as tbey know only by
name back in their own country.
When through with this paper, pass
lt on.
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
TO PARTICULAR MEN
storry & Mcpherson
Upstairs at 653 ORANVILLE STREET
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
Where QUALITY
Counts and
Likewise  PRICE
-AT-
CAL-VAN
MARKET
OPPOSITE   PANTAGES
German Labor Papers Have
Been Suppressed by
the French
[By Louis P. Lochner]
{Federated Press Correspondent)
Essen, Germany—The Bite into
Granite is the caption of a leading editorial in a working class daily appearing in this -district, in commenting
upon French inability to win over the
workers of the Ruhr.
It is evident that the French are
surprised and dismayed at the passive
resistance of the workers of Germany
to their plans of invasion. The very
flrst proclamation of General Degoutte
upon reaching the occupied area contained these phrases, intended to win
over the workers:
"German lav?s and especially social
and labor legislation will remain in
force, The principle of the eight-hour
day shall not be deviated from."
Ono of his first acts was to call in
trade union leaders and to promise
better wages and white bread. But
the workers told Col. Simon at Essen
that they had no confidence in the
French administration.
There have been conferences of the
local federations of labor in the larger
cities, of representatives of all the local
federations of the occupied area, of
the chief trades, such as the miners
and the metal workers, and conferences with officials of the General Fed
eration of Free Trade Unions of Ger
many.
In all these meetings the feeling prevailed that the German unions must
oppose all wooing on the part of the
French government, because the invasion of the Ruhr is contrary to law
and justice; the plans of the French
are imperialistic; labor papers'in the
Ruhr have been suppressed when they
opposed Poincare; French Communists who oppose the invasion have been
thrown Into jail, and the cost of living
in the Ruhr has risen in an alarming
manner,
Down In the Rhlneland, where the
occupying troops have been stationed
ever since the armistice, it was much
easier to make headway. The Rhine-
landers are an easy going folk. Not
so In Westphalia, where the worker ls
not unlike the miner of West Virginia
or Southern Illinois. Threats of force
and violence do not scare him.
But while the workers in the occupied area are thus unanimously opposed to the-French invaders, they are
determined not to give up their fight
against their oppressors at home. They
feel that they must now fight a battle
on two fronts—against the French imperialists on the one hand, and against
the German capitalists and their allies, the nationalists, on the other.
When some German company official
Is arrested the workers protest, not
because they have forgotten their frequent clashes with him, but because
they resent militnry interference with
civil pursuits. What the organized
workers are concerned about is that
these acts shall not be construed as a
support of their industrial overlords.
In manifesto after manifesto they have
mado it clear that they will not lend
themselves to nationalistic propaganda.
This attitude explains why the trade
unions have discouraged the Idea of a
general strike. Had the Amsterdam
Trade Union International been able
to make good Its pledge of the peace
congress of last December, by which
an international general strike was to
be called ln the event of a threatening war, the German workers would no
doubt have participated. But the
workers of Amsterdam persuasion in
the neighboring countries are not
ready to take such action. The German Labor policy which seems to
have been agreed upon, is that of sabotage and sporadic strikes—anything
to keep the French confused and uncertain ns to whnt may happen next.
What struck me during my stay In
the occupied area was the fact that
every employer to whom I talked was
hoping for a general strike. "If the
workers will only stick," they would
say. This was so contrary to denunciations of strikes by these same men
otherwise lhat It sounded mighty suspicious.
The railway, post offlce and telegraph administrations are publicly-
owned, and receive ordera from the
Berlin govornment. They are told to
take no orders from the French, and
the government pays them for work
lost.
Duisburg is one of the busiest railway centres In the world. Yet not a
tniln moved thero. Bofore abandoning the station, the Germh.il crews had
disabled all engines nnd removed the
numbers and letters from the complicated network of switch lovers.
Same thing In Duesscldorf. Railwny
chaos Is tbe result.
The organized workers of the Rhen-
isIi-Wo-.tplinlf._n region arc determined not to play Into the hands of their
own capitalists beeause the Industrial
barons have succeeded In Betting most
of their capital out of thc country to
escape paying for reparations In any
measure comparable to that which
hits tho Hinnll fellow, nnd because the
govornment i.s doing nothing to pr
vent profiteering In foodstuffs ni
other necessaries of life.
Unemployed Hear
Delegates' Report
(Continued from Page 1)	
Everett, Wash, i— Favoritism
countor-revolutlonnry Russians by lho
local Y. M, C. A. as agninst unem
ployed American ox-servlce men has
beon revealed hore through a lettor
by President E, L. Scott of tho Y. M.
C. A, Scott describes how the Rev.
I'jdgar M. Rogers of the Trinity Episcopal Church has beeu "nobly be
friending" four former members of
the Czar's army and got ibom homes
In the Y. M, C. A. dormitory. They
were given Jobs lu local mills at a lime
when hIx servico men wore told there
were no jobs to bn had.
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
quest, I am confirming my statement
ln writing "that Municipalities are
primarily responsible for the relief of
distress within their own boundaries,
while ln unorganized districts the
responsibility devolves upon the Provincial Government."
At the present time our expenditure pn account of unemployment relief Is many times greater than that
ot all the Municipalities on the Lower
Mainland combined. On the Point
Grey work alone, which was started
solely for relief of the unemployed,
we have 660 men on the payroll receiving $16.80 a week, while the City
of Vancouver, employing about one
quarter of that number, restricts employment to two days a week, for
which it pays $6.40.
Yours very truly,
A. M. MANSON,
Minister of Labour.
Your delegates, thinking that some
mistake had been made, or that someone else but the attorney general had
written or dictated the letter, endeavored to get ln touch with the attorney
general, when he was in Vancouver on
Feb. 28. We could not, however, get
in touch with him, but sent the following letter to him. To this letter we
have received no reply:
Feb.  23rd,  1323.
Hon. A.   M.   Manson,   Attorney-General Province of British Columbia.
Dear Sir:
When tho undersigned and Mrs.
Thomas met you on Monday last, you
informed us that you would send us
a letter stating the position -of Vancouver in connection with the unemployed. You also stated that the City
of Vancouver was in a .position to care
for its unemployed people, and that
you would make this statement in
your letter.
We have received your letter dated
February 22nd, but it does not contain this information. Thinking that
perhaps someone else had written or
dictated the letter I got in touch wltn
Mr, J. H. McVety and your secretary
today, but learned that it was almost
impossible to get in touch with you,
and as we have not as yet made a
report as to our interview, I am
writing in order to bring this mattetr
to your attention again.
Trusting to hear from you at an
early date,
I remain, yours,
A. S. WELLS.
The answers given to specific and
direct questions by your delegates
were not evasive. The first one: Will
the government reconsider the question of wages on the Point Grey clearing Job? The answer was "no," and
the reasons given were as follows.
In the flrst place, the Job was start'
ed as relief work, but it was found
that men were leaving Jobs at a less
rate of wages than the 40c per hour
offered, and in the second place, that
this work did not have to be proceed
ed with, and in the third, that the
money of the taxpayers had to be used
to the best advantage, The fourth argument was that if the workers could
get work at the wages generally offered at the Point Grey site, they would
not go to jobs out of town, and the
attorney general stated that there
were men needed in the northern
country to cut ties. To this argument
your delegates replied by stating that
the wages offered were no doubt the
cause of men not being in that part
of the Province.
It might also be "pointed out that
the attorney general stated that the
wages on the Point Grey clearing job
would not be reduced, and that when
the permanent structures were to be
erected, tho fair wage clause would be
enforced.
Referring to Vancouver, the attorney general stated that the government would do nothing; that the city
was In a position to care for Its unemployed, but that in South Vancouver
thc situation was different, and thftt
orders had been given to the people
In charge of the Point Grey job to care
for the South Vancouver people flrst.
The question of the single men who
were unemployed, was also dealt with.
The attorney general took the stand
-that they could rustle and get a living.
The women's question led to a long-
thy argument, the attorney general
taking the position that soemthlng
Ehould be done, but could not or did
not advance any suggestion for the
relief of this position except that they
might accept work as domestic servants, and this raised the Asiatic question, and that women hnd refused to
work In houses when the person ln
charge of the household staff was an
Asiatic and usually a Chinaman,
All that we can add in conclusion,
Is that our efforts were to endeavor
to secure immediate relief for the unemployed, irrespective of sex, race or
creed; thnt we were given a good
hearing b.v the representative of the
government, the Hon. Mr. Manson;
that tho hearing whs all that we got,
nnd that if the workers of this city and
district wish to secure relief from their
miseries, they will have to organize to
get that relief, nnd thnt skilled or unskilled workers who are In trades
unions must in self-preservation seek
to boost thu wages or doles which the
unemployed are either .socking to secure or are getting from Lhe authorities who have the power and the right
to determine whether tbe unemployed
shall starve to death or not.
MRS. MARGARET THOMAS.
A. S. WELLS.
A. S. Wells, In speaking to tho report, stated that It was useless for the
workers to expect someone to do some,
thing lor thom, and that only workers
could look after the interests of tho
working class. He urged organization
of all the unskilled workers and the
unemployed, ns the only means to secure relief for the unemployed, and
especially in viow of the fact that unemployment was now a permanont
condition.
Mrs. Thomas made particular refer-
once to the unemployed womon, and
instanced how during the Christmas
rush that many women had secured
temporary employment in stores. But
she nuked, what are these women doing now? She also stated that the
unemployed wore just as much at sea
as they were before tho delegation
visited Victoria.
George Hardy stressed tho necessity or the workers doing things for
themselves, and referred to tho rogls-
1 ration of the unemployed in South
Vancouver, whore only 202 registered,
while there wore mnny more hundreds
out of work.
R. P. Pettipiece, In opening his ad-
dress.-fitated that the unemployed had
quit battling, as ft was a battle of ap-
IST
Interesting Figure at International Gathering May
Be Arrested
Red Army Is Ready to Aid
French or German
Workers
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Lelpslc, Germany—The Communists of Germany have held their national convention. The Augsburg
congress of the Majority Socialists
was the congress of the Satisfied; the
Gera final gathering of the Independent Socialists was the congress of the
Sad; the Lelpslc meeting of the Communists, Jan. 28 to Feb. 3, was the
congress of the Hopeful. There was
hope because of what has taken place
in Russia. There waB hope because
of the international solidarity shown
by the French Communists in connection with the Ruhr action of French
Imperialism. There was hope because
the downfall of the ■ capitalist system
in Germany becomes'more apparent
every day. ,
It was also a congress of clashes.
There were violent debates between
the Lefts and.the Rights. As far as I
could make out, it was more a flght
for controlling within the party than
ft was of fundamental principle.
The outstanding flgure of the congress was Clara Zetkln, who used to
form the "holy trinity" of German
Communism with Karl Liebknecht and
Rosa Luxemburg before the latter two
were murdered. There is a fire in the
eyes of this white-haired working class
leader which kindles enthusiasm in her
hearers. There Is a youthfulness and
energy that is remarkable.
A touch of the dramatic was lent by
the appearance of a French delegate,
Adty, who addressed the gathering
after having come across the frontier
under considerable difficulties and who
may have to pay for his "treasonable"
action witb Imprisonment upon his return to France. Adly charged the
French imperialists witb quietly mobilizing the whole nation for war.
Delegations from Russia, Italy, Belgium, Czecho-SIovakla, Denmark,
Swiezerland and Sweden were also present.
Kolaro representing the Communist
International of Moscow, stated that
the Russian Red army was ready to
spring to the aid of the German and
the French workers In case they
should revolt.
Concerning the Ruhr situation, the
congress held that the only way to
avoid situations of this kind is to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat everywhere and to erect a series
of federated soviet republics of Europe. Resolutions were adopted expressing the sympathy of the German
Communists with the French comrades for the fight they are making
ngainst the Imperialists; calling upon
the workers of the world to protest
against the Invasion of the Ruhr;
sending enthusiastic greetings to the
Russian Soviets; demanding liberation
of political prisoners; urging party
members everywhere to work for the
prohibition of whisky and liquor; calling upon Communists in the workers'
athletic associations to see to it that
the class character of these institutions
be rigidly maintained; cnlling attention to the Importance of educative
work along Communist lines among
the youth of the land, making it mandatory upon Communists to join workers' eo-operatlves and to win these for
Communism, nnd providing for an in-
petltes against bank accounts. He referred to the philosophy of misery
which had prevailed on the coast,
which he stated was to the effect that
the hungrier the workers got, the
more they would fight, and he pointed
out that the workers could not flght
with nothing under their belts.
Referring to the city council's position, he denied that the statements of
the attorney general were true, as the
city did not make the rules, but the
Provincial government did, and that
the city council had to play the game
according to the rules.
Referring again to the position of
the city, he stated that the small
storekeeper was taxed to death, but
the large corporations who were doing
business in the city, such as the C. P.
U. and the 13. C. Telephone Company,
could only be taxed $100.
In conclusion, he stated that the ruling class Is class-conscious and the
workers must draw up the rules of the
game, and urged the .workers, through
the Labor representation comminttee,
to elect thetr own candidates. During
his address, Mr. Pettipiece stated that
the statement that the Provincial government had not applied to Ottawa
for relief and stated thnt he would
produce the wire from Ottawa by the
city council, The wire reads as follows:
Ottawa, Ontario,
April 19, 1922.
A. M_ McQueen,
City Clerk,
Vancouver, B. C
Your night letter eighteenth received and taken up with minister, and In
reply, as to refer you to principles laid
down in P. C. 191, paragraph 3, to tho
effect that question of unemployment
is fundamentally a municipal and Provincial responsibility, and that Federal
action is supplementary only to municipal and Provincial efforts, and must
be proportioned by the efforts of these
authorities. No representations have
been received from any Provincinl
government to effect that relief of any
kind should be continued beyond April
20th. Should representation bc received from government of your Province urging extension of date, same
will be, I am to state, taken up by
minister for consideration with his
colleagues,
F. A. ACLAND,
Deuputy Ministor of Labor.
The collection amounted to $27.22.
while the expenses were over $60.
Chairman Hnrdy, In closing the meeting, again urged tho workers to organize.
REAL VALUES IN
MEN'S SUITS
GOOD CLOTHS, GOOD WORKMANSHIP,
GOOD LININGS, GOOD STYLE
$25    $27.50    $29.50
C. D. BRUCE
LIMITED
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
tensive programme of organization.
Two topics which commanded exhaustive attention were the questions
of the united front and of working
class governments. It was held that
the Communists must stand for the
united front within the trade unions
at all costs.
The question of working class governments is an actual one in a number
of Germany States, such as Saxony.
Attempts to form such governments
have thus far failed because the Socialists and Communists could not get
together. It was the sense of the overwhelming majority—against the protests of the LeftB—that such governments should be formed wherever possible, not because the Communists believe ih the present democratic state,
but because they see in the capture of
political power propaganda for Communist ideas,
Minneapolis—Speaking at a mass
meeting of railroad shop workers, R.
C. McCutchan, international vice-president of the Boilermakers, declared
that there ls a rapidly growing dem
throughout the country for the an
gamatlon of the sixteen standard r
road unions. Attacks made on
amalgamation movement at the ti
of the Chicago convention, McCutc:
said, were "red herrings drag
across the trail to try and befu-3
the workers."
Get on tho Voters' List
Thero may be a general election
British Columbia during the sumn
Are you on the voters' list? If r,
see that you get on. All voters \.
failed to register their votes in
last election, will be struck off t
lists, and must apply to have th
names remain on the list, Do lt n<
Do not wait until too late. The cm
of revision will sit early In May.
applications to get on the list must
ln six weeks before the court of re
sion sits, bo there is no time to wat
Get your workmate to subscribe l
The Federatlonist.
Cnlon Label League of the Trades and Labor Council
WHIST DRIVE AND DANCE
FRIDAY, MARCH 16th, 1923
Alexandra Dancing Pavilion
Tailors, Garment Workers, Boot nnd Shoe Worker*, nnd Barbers particijiating.
Whist, 8:15 p. ni.    Dancing from 0 to 12 p.m.
LADIES'   OB OENTS'   TAILOR-MADE SUIT TO BB GIVEN AWAY.
You can pick your own tailor and material if yon aro the lucky one; tho bill will
bo i-Htd by tho Union Labol Lengue, providing you get tbo union Ubel on tbe suit.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants, '
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORIST8 AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings Street East        2—STOKES—2        055 Granville Street
Sey. 988-678 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9518-1391
MILK
Direct from the
Producer to
the Consumer
12 QUARTS
for $1.00
We hereby announce that this price
Will Be Maintained
Without Change Until
October 1st Next
We trust that this straight statement will set at
rest the repeated public statements which have
been made to the effect that our price reduction
to 12 quarts for $1.00 was merely a Temporary
Reduction.
Buy from the Farmer—the man who
produces — handles — delivers — all at
One Profit,  f   ~
Phone Fairmont 1000 and arrange for delivery
to start at once.
Fraser   Valley  Milk
Producers' Association

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