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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 19, 1918

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Array THE
TENTH YEAR.   No. 29
/. Ia Vuc*xmr\
\ oar, w.oo    )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Trouble in Labor Disputes 1
Generally Caused By
Right to Strike Will Never
Be Surrendered By
the Workers
Hon. T. W. CrothdrB, Minister of
Labor, proposes to appoint a number
of men to aet on a Labor Appeal Court
for Canada. It is expected that this
committeo will be formed in the next
day or two.
The court will consist of five members, two to be named by the executive of tho TradeB and Labor Cougress,
two to be named by the executive of
the Manufacturers' Association, and
the fifth to be appointed by these four
or to be named by the Minister of
The executive of these two organizations have been asked by Mr. Crothers
to nominate their members nt once and
it is understood that both executives
will meet thiB week for thiB purpose.
There are no suggestions as to likely
This court of appeal will review decisions of boards established under tho
Industrial Disputes Act whore there is
dissatisfaction as to judgments by
either party.
The main dissatisfaction expressed
by the workers againat the Lemieux
Act, which tho proposed court of appeal is to be an extension of Ib that
too much delay is caused by concilia-
tion proceedings, and this delay hns on
many occasions been used by the cm*
ployers, to build fences in case of a
strike taking place, after the conciliation proceedings had provod futile, and
as it has often been put, the conciliation boards are usually two against one,
two representing the views of the employing class, and the one representing
the workers, and with these views it
is not likely that the. workers will readily accept any scheme, which looks as
if it would mean more delay in coming
to a settlement in the case of industrial disputes.
In the past the organizations have
met with nothing bat procrastination on
the part of the Mlnliter of Labor, in
the appointment of conciliation boardB,
and only after the decision to strike
has been made have thc boards been
appointed. As a recent evidence of
this we wonld point to. the dispute in
the maritime service, where the men
had to decide to tie up the shipping
before they were granted their requests
for a conciliation board, or a royal
commission to investigate their conditions, and again in the Gas Workers
dispute, where the company gi inted the
men's demands while waiting for the
conciliation proceedings to commence.
Organized Lnbor since the outbreak
of the war, or prior to that time so far
as that goes, haB had little attention
paid to itB requests by the Dominion
government. At the commencement of
the manufacture of munitions, the
Trades Congress of Canada, and many
of the larger organizations, appealed to
the Department of Labor for redress,
but their appeals fell on deaf ears.
They had to go to the Old Country authorities, who informed them that they
must see their own governmont, and
this after their own government had
told them they must go to the Minister of Munitions in England, and at
this late date it looks like a deathbed
repentance on the part of the Minister
of Labor in making an attempt to provido machinery to settle disputes without the trouble of a strike by the
workers in order to get any redreBS.
The proposed.method of dealing with
labor disputes, however, seems to be a
sorry attempt, and only another cause
of delay in the proceedings, for the
court is only to be used after the regular conciliation proceedings under the
Lemieux Act have been carried on, and
aB a court of appeal against the findings of the boards.
What Ib needed, is not more delay,
but some means for quick action, Most
of the disputes on thc coaBt, as witness the shipyard dispute, have been
long drawn out fights, tho men in this
case carrying on negotiations for over
11 months, and it was- only after they
had struck work that nny notice wns
taken of tbeir demands. Changes are
taking place bo rapidly nowadays that
anything thnt will speed up settlement iB of fnr greater moment than is
nny court of, appeal. Loeal wago adjustment boardB, with Labor having a
fair representation t\n thom, would be
much more to the point, and would in
many cases do away with tho necessity
of strikes, which are in taost cases
caused, not by the demands of tho men
not being grunted, but because they
cannot get any mnchinery in notion for
the settlement of their case, until after
they have ceaBod work, in order to got
the employers to graiet them an hearing, whereas if it could be possible for
the mon to present their ense to a tribunal that looked nnything liko giving
them a square deal, the need for the
Btrike would not be so often in evidence.
Dealing with the press reports, to the
offect that tho government's policy is
not to mnke it illegal to strike, but to
as far as possible to prevent them, it
might bo as woll here to Bay that any
attempt to tnke away the workerB'
rights bb to thoir court of last nppeal,
viz., the right to cease producing, or in
other words to Btrike, will never bo
tolornted. It might also be ns well to
point to the situation that aroBo nt
Winnipeg, and which would be a picnic to what would; occur If tho workers throughout thc Dominion were told
that they hnd not the right to Btrike,
for that would be the signal for the
greatest strike the country had over
witnoased. They mny stand curtailment
of a good mnny of their liberties, but
nover nny attempt to make, them more
than over under tho dominntion of tho
ruling clnss, on the field of industry,
by taking nwny their Inst semblnnce
of liberty.
Eastern Capitalists Not De
sirous of Shar?
Big Parade Saturq
Council in Cha:
Victoria is very much conci
the fact that no further pro|
sight in the shipbuilding indui
Metnl Trades Couneil is to
monstor parade on Saturday night, in
which it is expected the re-turned soldiers' organizations will take a part.
At the present time there aro at least
eight idle ways in the Capital City, the
Foundation Company, and the Cameron
Genoa yards being aboult finished with
thoir Imperial Munitions Board contracts, and there are no new contracts
in Bight.
Many and various reasons are given
for this. Labor has been blamed, tho
I. M, B, has also come in for a considerable amount of criticism.
The facts of the case are hard to locate, but tho I. M. B. is certainly to
some extent to blame.
When the I. M. B. Woodon Shipbuilding department took over tho Foundation and the Cameron Genoa Company's
yards, they asked the companies in
quesition what plant was needed. The
companies naturally gave the I. M. B.
such information as would get the yards
fixed in the best possible manner, as
price of equipment was going up, and
it was understood that whon tho yards
were t jrned back to the companies, that
they were to get them back nt cost,
plus the cost of equipment, with a ten
per cent, deduction for depreciation.
The I, M. B,, however, used little
judgment, and as a result, there has
been considerable friction between the
companies and the I. M. B. as to the
price to bo paid before the compnnies
again take over the yards. In one case
the price was set at $175,000, but has
since been reduced to (100,000.
Another factor in the matter, and
possibly the moat important factor, is
the desire of the eastern capitalists to
keep as much of the pickings baok eaat
as possible, and during the recent labor
troubles, they have made the most of
them, and used them as an argument
as to why contracts should not go ito
the coast. We know for a fact, that
the I. M. B. has informed neutral
countries interests that it was jxot pot'.
Bible to construct snips on the coast,
owing to shortage of labor, and not'
Very long ago the Norwegian government was given the same information,
whon making enquiries as to the possibilities of getting ships constructed on
the coast.
As a result of the idle ways, many
men are leaving the Capital City, many
of them going to the United States
shipbuilding centres, and British Columbia is the loser in men and industries.
That Victoria is not doing all Lt might
is evident. There is a certain section
of the community who do not desire to
see tha city an industrial centre, but
they should bo told pretty plainly that
while it is nice to have a beautiful residential city, that they will not be allowed to control the situation, and that
the workers of British Colombia Bhould1
bo kept at work in their own locality.
Many returned soldiers can be found in
the United States shipyards, these men
having to leave their homes, in order
to seek employment, because the financial interests, along with the reactionary element in Victoria do not desire
to have any °f the spoils come to the
coast in the one instance, and because
the other element is opposed to their
peace being disturbed by noisy working;
men, don't you know.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Forty new members have been initiated at the laBt two meetings and
quite a number of applications are on
hand. The local has applied to the international offlce for a woman organizer for the city in order to get the
chambermaids in tho various city hotels interested in bettor working conditions. A new wago scale, to take
effect August 1, has been presented to
the management of the Vancouver
Hotel. The scale includes chambermaids
who huve recently joined the union.
The Pioneer Cafe, Mclntyre »s Cafo,
McLeod's Cafo, Leonard's Cafe nnd
the Hastings Lunch still insist on paying low wages nnd working their employees long hours. Houses that havo
recently signed up with the union are
Ornnvillo Lunch, King's Ciife and
Rainier Cafe.
IF You tiSTErf
To HER. Boys
IT Will. TfliKB MtftfTOS
TOST    t*t. WORD
LONG-  To EKpLfilN
W<i«T   3   BftVE IN
Toronto Labor Party Has
Returned Soldier to
Oppose Tory
Up Against a Corrupt Gang
of Political Spellbinders
and Fakers
The Greater Toronto Labor Party has
sent out a challenge to the electorate of
Northeast Toronto to once again fight
ithe battle of Labor representation in
the province. It has decided to oppose
no less a personage than tbe Hon. Dr.
Cody, one of tbe outstanding figures in
the halls of ecclesiasticalism, and a
character second to none in Toronto. It
has thrown down the gauntlet to .the
Union government in behalf of the
workingman. It has nominated a returned! soldier, and in bo doing has placed a quietus upon any possible ory of
patriotism from the Conservatives or
tho Liberals.
The Labor Party has entered the contest, and realizes it has no picnic on its
hands, it has no misconceptions as regards the situation that exists in Toronto at the present time. It is aware that
it is gQing up against one of the biggest and slickest election machines that
a democratic party has ever had to face.
It has not eome out to enjoy a picnic
or a pink tea, but to fight one of the
hardest battles it could be called upon
to face.
It has not lost sight of the fact that
it is up against the patronage gang and
the crowd that have a reputation of
putting over shady deals when it becomes necessary to do so, and which,
according to general belief, always acts
on the principle that the end justifies
tho meana and the main thins; is to
steal an election if you can't win it in
any other way.
Corporal Bill Varley, in Soldier-Labor
candidate, has proven his worth on the
battlefields of Flanders. He wu a volunteer in the fight for democracy in
Europe, and is a volunteer in an equally
strenuous battle for the principles of
democracy in Tory Toronto.
Appoints Delegates to Act
on Minimum Wage
Election of Officers on Proportional Representation
Vice-president Welsh presided at
the regular session of the Trades and
Labor Council on Thursday evening.
On the report of the executive re the
appointment of an assistant business
agent, an amendment was introduced
by Del. Showier to the effect that a.
woman be appointed. This was adopted.
Letters from H. H. Stevens, M. P., re
returned soldiers, as well as letters
from M. A. Macdonald, M. P. P., and
others, were referred to a special committee of the B. C.. Federation of
Labor. .
Laundry Workers applied for affiliation with council.   Bequest granted.
The audit committeo reported on
the semi-annual audit of the council's
books. ThiB report was taken up ser-
reatum and was adopted as a report
of progress.
Statistician's report was presented
by F. Knowles. The report showed an
increase in the membership and on motion of Del. McVety the report was referred to the Federationist for publication in the next issue.
Business Agent Midgley reported on
his activities in the Electrical Workers
and Street Bailway and Bakers strikes,
tbe. PolicemonB Union, the formation of
the Laundry Workers Union, and as to
the activities of tbe advisory committee on the general strike in support of
the Streot Railwaymen and Electricians. He also reported progress on the
formation of several other organisations.   The report was adopted.
Del. Brooks of tho Machinists stated
tbat the report that the shopmen in
he U. 8. A. Bailway shops haa accepted the McAdoo award was not true, as
he had received a communication to
that effect from the States.
Del. McKenzie reported that McLeod's, Pioneer and Mclntyres cafes
were still unfair.
Tom Mooney hns been taken to San
Quentin penitentiary. Only executive
action of Governor Stephens can now
suve Mooney from thc gallows.
First Picnic Attended hy Over One
Thousand Persons—Many Valuable Prises Donated
A big turnout of over one thousand
persons attended the picnic held by
the Civic Employees Union at Bowen
Island last Saturday. Three boats
wore oagnged to take the crowds to
the first picnic pulled off by the
union nnd a vory enjoyable event it
was. A splendid sports programme wos
the big feature and many valuable
prizes, ranging from $20 down, were
given to the lucky winners. Sixty merchants nnd city officials contributed
tho many prizes,
Tho committees who had chnrge of
the arrangements arc ns follows:: Refreshments, Mr. and Mrs. J. White;
prizes and sports, D. Oliver, G. Harrison, W. J. Blnko, A. C. Grey, G. W.
MacFnrlan, V. Midgley;-transportation,
T. NeilBon, T. Hnll J. D. Logan, W.
Kilohj grounds, A. Pierce, D. Towlo,
W. G. Fraser, J. Watson.
Breaking of New Agreement by Company Caused
Walkout of Workers
The B. C. Electric Railway Company
has straightened out the points which
caused the Electrical Workers to pull
the switches at midnight last Saturday,
and tied up the street car service, and
threw the city into dnrkness. The
trouble aroso over the company taking
away passes which the men had had for
many years, raising the light and gas
rates to the men, and laying off 22 employees—some of whom had been in the
service of the company 15 years—and
allowing non-union men to remain on
the job. In other words, thc company
started In to break the agreement
which had only been signed but a few
After three days of negotiations between the union committee, Trades and
Labor Council delegates, city officials,
Board of Trade and company officials,
the eompany agreed to continue to supply the men with passes, keep the electric light rates to employees at 4 cents
per kilowat hour, and the gas rate at
70 cents per 1000. The compnny also
ngreed to a priority clause, which states
that in case of lay-off, seniority and
efficiency shall be taken into consideration, and men who hnve been laid off
for a period of not exceeding six
months will retain their seniority, and
men having previous service shall get
preference in rc-iemploymont. ThiB being satisfactory to the men, they
waived thc demand for tho dismissal of
Superintendent Newell and roturned to
work Tuesday morning.
The aetion of the men in striking
without nny wnrning needs no comment,
ns it is a well-known fnct thnt the
Electrical Workers Union has gone on
record ns refusing to participate ia a
long-drnwn out battle of words with arbitration bonrdfl. The men, having won
their points, after a short holiday,
shows that they have the power and
organization to put up a fight in their
own way.     .
The Btreet cnr men almost beenmo involved, but luckily tho situation was
cleared up before they were called upon
to aid the. electricians. The aervice,
however, was tied up all dny Sunday
and part of Monday on account of there
not being sufficient power to operate
the cars.
IB 'tM
Willing to Enter Agreement
if City Will Raise
the Wages
At a special meoting of the city
council, held on Thursday afternoon,
called for the purpose of dealing with
the question of getting sufficient men
to operate the fire department, Chief
Carlisle suggested, as a solution, that
wages be raised in order to offer inducement for men to enter the service.
G, J, Richardson of the Firemens
Union, stated that the, organization was
willing to enter into 'an agreement to
supply the men needed for the balance
of the year, if the council would raise
the wages, $25 per month to firBt year
men, and $15 per month for first-class
or three-year men, making the wages
$110 and $125 per month respectively.
Alderman Marshall moved that the
wages be raised to $100 and $120 per
month, and $5 per month increase for
captains and lieutenants.
Alderman Owens moved as an amendment that the matter of increased
wages bo left for one weok in the
hands of a special committee.
The amendment was adopted.
Telephone Operator Social
Local 77A, Telephono Oporators, is
making arrangements for a social ovening to be hold in Room 403, Labor
Temple this (Friday) evening. An invitation has boen extended to Locat
213; Electrical WorkerB, nnd tho invitation hns been accepted. The girlB aro
going to supply the cakes and tho men
the ice cream. A committee is arranging for music.
Gas Workers
An agreement satisfactory to the
Gas Workors Union has been signed by
the B, C. Electric. The now ngreement culls, for a closed shop nnd wages
ranging from 45 to 62 1-2 cents per
hour with timo und a half for overtime. The men also get street cnr
passes, light ut 4 centB and gas at 70
centH. The increased bcbIo, including
overtime Ib retroactive from May 1. The
committee who negotiated the agree-
went wore W. Stafford, Tom Mnrtin
nnd Arthur Wntaon.
Victoria Flour Mill Workers Organise
The Cerenl and Flour Mill Workers
in Victorin hnve organized, nnd are boing chartered by the International
Longshorcmcns Association, nnd will be
nn auxiliary of that orgnnization. Vice-
president Taylor of the Pacific Coast
District Council is attending to detitils.
SUNDAY, July 21—Soft Drink
MONDAY, .Inly 22—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Patternmakers,
Amalgamated Engineers, Policemen, I rpholstorbrs, Iron
WorkerB, U. B. Carpenters No.
(117, Street Railwaymen 'h Executive.
TUESDAY, July 23—Bnrbers,
Amalgamated Carpenters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, July 24—Gaa
Workers, Tenmsters and Chauffeurs, Metal Trades Council,
Street Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, July 25—Sheet
Motal Workers, Painters, Shipwrights nnd Caulkers, Mn*
chinists No. 182, Woman's Industrial Union.
FRIDAY, July 2H—District Council of Carpenters. Telephone
Operators, Pile Drivers nnd
Wooden Bridgohtoh, Mill uud
Factory Workers, Shipyard
Laborers, Plumbers, Warehousemen.
Closed Shop and All of the
Workmen's Demands
Are Granted
As a result of negotiations commenced two weeks ago by J". H. McVety, the Bakers strike is settled.
The strike, which had been in existonce for nearly three weeks, seemed to
have reached a deadlock, until through
the instrumentality of Mr, McVety arrangements were made for a conference
with the Master Bakers, which took
place on Wednesday afternoon, and
which resulted in the mon gaining all
of their demands.
The meeting, which lasted four hourB,
was attended by J. H. Hamilton, secretary of the Bread and Cake Manufacturers Association; Mr. Shelly, Mr.
Pinchin, Mr. Stevenson, Mr. Brewer,
representing the employers, and J. H.
McVety, Victor Midgley, business
agent for the Central Body, and Secretary Black and Mr. Cook of the Bakers Union representing the men.
The bone of contention has been the
closed shop clause in tbe agreement,
and which has boen misunderstood by
tho employers. Early in thc strike the
employers met tho men in Mayor Gale's
offico, where the men were conceded
practically all their demands, with the
exception of thc closed shop, and it is
evident that tho employers were Inhering under some delusions ns to the
operation of this clause, and whon dispelled the matter was soon settled.
The strike has been curried on vigorously by both sides, the employers
utilizing machinery, and such nonunion help as they could secure, the
men securing employment in the smaller
shops that hud signed the Bugreeent,
A number of the strikers opened up
u bttkory on the co-operative basis.
This bnkery is known as the Union
Bakery, and is situate at Fourth Avenue und Commercial Drive.
Tho four largest bakeries in thc city
nffeetod by the strike were Stevenson
Brothers, Brewers, the United Bakeries, and Shelleys. The new agreement
includes the Shelley plants in Vancouver, Nanaimo, New Westminster nnd
Victoria. The shops, it is understood,
will   run   straight   day  shifts.
1    Del. Showier reported . progress   in
One of the best meetings ever held 1 the organisation   of   Bakery   Wagon
in the Royal City was that of the Fed- Drivers, etc.
orated Labor Party in the City Hall onl ..,??*?*! flommHtM TO. WW »!»•*•
Friday last, when Mr. J. S. Woods-
worth took as his subject, "Turning
th* .World Upside Down.''  The ipeak-
the fundamental principals of the movement was that all wealth was socially
created and must be socially controlled.
No longer could any employer say his
business was exclusively his own to be
run as he pleased,
ules reported concurrence in the schedule of the Soft Drink Dispensers.
Del Reid moved non-eoneurrenee, as
J_ . __._-.Ajt-     — !■-»     M      • -—-
iss-s-^ss ^s___Wil_9^
was, socially speaking, upside down,     —
and it was the mission of the Labor
Party to tarn it rightside up.   One of
The committeo reported that they had
dealt with this phase of the question,
but that the business agent of the Soft
Drink Dispensers had explained that
there was no possibility at this time
of getting the sahie rate for women
ub for men. Under these circumstances,
and while still holding to the principle
of equarpnv for equal work, the council
Secretary Morris was gratified nt thc endorsed tho schedule of the Soft Drink
ond of thc mooting by receiving a num- DfHpensers as recommended by tho comber of new memberships and literature mittee, and tho amendent wub defeat-
sales were nlso good. et_.
Good Meeting at loco Del. Midgley moved that Mr. King be
An exceptionally good meeting was  given the floor to explain the propor-
held at loco on  Tuosday evening last   ^^^.P^^^^.^^SSl. ^"".v?
Steam and Operating Engineers
Local (120, Steam and Operating Engineers, is growing so fast that it ink-lids to put un organizor in the field
for outside work, as the office is being
so overworked that it cannot handle the
outside work the way it should be
handled. Slowly but surely nil the
mills arc coming through ou thr union
demands, with probably one exception
—the Dollur Mills. The International
Longshoromens Association will decide
at Iheir meeting otl Friday whether or
not the membership will handle the
products of this Arm,
when Vice-president Showier, ifr. O.
L, Charlton, Mr, J. S. Woodsworth and
Secretary Trotter addressed the gathering. Practically every member of the
meoting who had not previously joined
became members of the party. Other
meetings ure to bc arranged nnd it will
be found thnt the inlet is no barrier to
a closer connection with Vancouver in
the building up of thc membership.
Meeting Arrange a fer McKay
Members resident in this district are
advised to look out for notices of a
meeting to be held next week when several speakers will bc on hand to assist
in the completing of that branch of
tho party.
Next Sunday's Meeting at Bex
Taking us his subject, "Running Our
Own Business,}' Mr. R. P. Pettipiece
will take the platform on Sundny evening next. Thc chair will bc occupied
by Mr. Duncnn McCallum, president of
the B. C. Federation of Labor.
Lahor Day at Nanaimo
Correspondence to hnnd indicates
thut the locals on the Island are getting ready to net us hosts to the Mainland branches on that day. There
shotild be a big urnout if the weather
proves favorable and a field day that
will   mark  the  turn of thc tide.
Victoria Retail Clerks
The Victoria Retail Clerks Association with u membership of over 500,
hns presented ** new wuge schedule to
the merchnnts of the city. Negotiations
ure now going on nnd if the demands
are not met by the ond-,of thin weok
application will be made for n concilia-
tier bonrd. The demands nre for increased wages and shorter hours.
Business Agents Attention
i  Vancouvor business agents arc
istod to attend the meeting to 1)0
in Hoom 805, Labor Temple, Mon
Purchasing Only Union Made Goods-
Picnic to Be Held Saturday,
August 3
Machinists Ladies Auxiliary held a
good meeting Tuesday evening in the
Labor Tomple mut initiated dno new
member, reports Mrs. 11. A. Towler. The
Indies nre having wonderful experience
in waking up city storekeepers to the
necessity of selling union made good ft.
The auxiliary is also working hard for
the Mnkers und Teamsters unions, The
overseas  committee   is  forwarding  its
I surprise parftol this week to I. A. M.
tiieinliers oversells.    This work is being
; done independent of uny outside  help.
j The siek committee is being kept qalfaj
I busy  as quito  u   numb<
equcsTOfl to attend Uie meeting to lie l ousy as quite a number of members
held in Hoom 805, Labor Temple, Mon-1 nre on the sick list. The picnie rom
duy, !1 p.m. The Hoard of Business j mittee intends to hold the postponed
Agents ut its last mooting proposod ihe! picnic on Snturdny, August .'(, If
resurrection of the Building Trades mahon Turk und transportation nne
Council and will nsk tho Trades and ' available. Hend thu Federntionist for
j Labor Council to authorise the move.    I further reports.
the electron of officers, as this was tbe
first time that the council's officers had
been elected by this system. This was
adopted and Mr. King explained the
ballot for tbe election of the officers.
Balloting then took place on, the semiannual election of officers,
Dol. Glen requested thc council to appoint two members of the council to act
with a committee appointed by the Retail Clerks for the purpose of assisting
the Women Workors in thc establishing:
of a minimum wago for women in the
province. Del. Miss Guteridge asked
that the Minimum Wage League be
represented on the committee.
After snme considerable discussion*,
which showed the interest taken in
tbis matter, tbe request wus granted, as
was the onc made by Miss Gutteridge.
Del. Winch moved that the council
notify the Dominion, provincial and
municipal authorities that it will refuse
to recognize any appointed body or
officials whose duties are nominally or
actually to function on behalf of or in
the interests of Lubor unless Orgnnized
Lnbor is directly consulted in the selection of thif personal of such office or
body, nnd when the office is officially
intended to represent Labor or its interests, then such officials to be nominated nnd elected by Organized Labor.
The proposal was udopted.
Miss Quitoridgfl was eletced by ac-
elumutinn 114 assistant to Business
Agont  Midgley.
Dels. MncK-enxte nnd Mi«B Gutteridgo
wore appointed tu act in conjunction
with the Rotnil Clerks on the minimum*
wage for women question.
The result of the ballot for the election of officers will be made known nt
u later dnte, after the tellers have-
counted tho ballots, this being deferred!
us the hour wns Into.
The council ndjourned at 10.40'p.m.
    ,,. .**.■
Organisation Still Going Ou
Vuncouver is still forging ahead in
the mntter of organizing the workers.
Bakery salesmen are forming a union
nnd applications nre coming in fast. A
i-harter hns been applied for nnd another meeting will be held Monday
evening in the Tenmsters and Chauffeurs' offlee. Jewelry workers'nre organizing also. A meeting wns hold
'ust Snturdny und another iB to bc held
n the Labor Tomplo <■ !■•»'■ this (Friday) evening. The office staff of tho
Oity Hnll hns been infected by the organization bug and urt- (folding a nieeting in Ihe Labor Temple next Wodnes-
ls*,y at 0.30. A union composed of nil
lairy employees Is nlso iii process of
formation and a meeting will be hold
Saturday at 8 p.m. in the Labor Temple, The Laundry Workers'have t'orut-
il 11 union with n good big membership
and will hold 11 meeting this (Kriduy>
evening at H p.m, Bank clerks are be*
Coming disstitisllcil wilh their long
hours and low wuges nnd are talking
rgaitl nation, PAGE TWO
Clark's Fork and Beans,
3 for UBc
Sardinee, 3 for 26c
Seeded Baisins, 3 for 26c
Clark's Potted Meat 3 for 26c
Yeast Cakes, 5 for  26c
Not a Beed Baisins, 2 for.. 26c
Custard Powder, 2 for 86c
Finest Compound Lard, reg.
35c lb. Saturday only, 2
lbs. for 65c
Seeded Baisins, 16-oz. pkg.;
2 for 	
Libby's Olivos, 3 bottles.. SOC
Slater's Bed Label Tea;
reg. 45c lb. for per lb. 40c
Crisco, per tin  36c
St. Charles Milk, large cans
2 for  25c
Salmon, large cans 15c
Wild  Eoso  Flour,  in  10*
lb. sacks _ 60c
In 5*lb. sacks  36c
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
July Clearance
Sale Starts Saturday
Everything Reduced
"The Store That's Always Buy"
"What a Beautiful Place!"
This exclamation is frequently made by visitors when they arrive at
which is renched by tho North Vancouver route of
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
ll is the children's paradise. Playgrounds with free swings, and picnic tables installed in a shady park. A safe beach for bathing or paddling. »
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
Depot adjoining Ferry Wharf, North Vancouver.
Additional train Bervice to Whyteeliff for Horseshoe Bay effective
June 10th and until further notice. Extra train will leave North Vancouver for Whyteeliff on Wednesday and Saturdays at 2:22 p. m.
Time Tables mailed on application to Passenger Department.
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
Capital.   4U.000.000 Hist. 113,000,000
A savings account will assist you in the patriotic and personal duty of
conserving your finances. This Bank allows interest at current rates, and
welcomes small as well at large accounts.
Expanding Car Rides and
Shrinking Nickel Fares
From the beginning of street railways,
the street car fare was 5 cents.
But the rides lengthened, the cars and
tracks improved; their speed increased;
their comfort multiplied.
The nickel's worth grew but the nickel
So the nickel arrived at a time when it
How long do you expect to go on
getting ANYTHING at less than cost?
British Labor Comes Forward
-M-4-Mt** ,    *■*■*       —WITH—      -Mr-* ***X**X*
Programme of Reconstruction
(Continued from Last Issue)
Control of Capitalist Industry
Meanwhile, however, we ought not to
throw away the valuable experience
now gained by the government in its assumption of the importation of wheat,
wool, metals and othor commodities, and
in itB control of the shipping, woollen,
leather, clothing, boot and shoe, milling,
baking, butchering and other industries.
The Labor Party holds that, whatever
may have been the shortcomings of this
government importation and control, it
has demonstrably prevented a lot of
"profiteering." Nor can it end immediately on the declaration of peace. The
people will be extremely foolish if thoy
ever allow thoir indispensable industries
to slip back into the unfettered control
of private capitalists who are, actually
at the instauce of the government itself,
now rapidly combining, trade by trado,
into monopolist trusts, wliich may presently become as ruthless in their extortion as the worst American examples.
Standing as it does for the democratic
control of industry, the Labor Party
wpuld think twice beforo it sanctioned
any abandonment of the present profitable centralization of purchase of raw
material; of the present carefully organized "rationing," by joint committees of the trades concornod, of the
several establishments with the materials they require; of the present elaborate systom of "costing" and public audit of manufacturers' accounts bo as to
stop the waste heretofore caused by the |
mechanical inefficiency of the more
backward firms; of the present salutary
publicity nf manufacturing procosses
and expenses thereby insured; and, on
theinforniation thus obtained (in order
never again to revert to the old-time
profiteering) of tho presont rigid fixing,
for standardized products, of maximum
prices at the factory, at tho warehouse
of the wholesale trader, and in the retail shop. This question of the retail
prices of household commodities is emphatically the most practical of all political issues to the woman elector. The
male politicians have too long neglected
tho grievances of the small household,
which is the prey of overy profiteering
combination; and neither the Liberal
nor the Conservative Party promises in
this respect any amendment. This, too,
is no sense a "class" measure. It is,
so the Labor Party holds, just as much
the function of government and just as
necessary a part of the democratic regulation of industry to safeguard the interests of tho community as a whole,
and those of all grades and sections of
private consumers in the matter of
prices aB it is, by the factory and trade
boards acts, to protect the rights of
wage-earning producers in the matter of
wages, hours of labor, and sanitation,
Bovolution in National Finance
In taxation, also, the interests of the
professional and housekeeping classes
are at one with those of the manual
workers.   Too long has our national finance been regulated, contrary to the
teaching of political economy, according
to the wishes of the possessing classes
and the profits of the financiers.   The
colossal  expenditure   involved in  the
present war (of which, against the protest of the Labor Party only a quarter
has been  raised   by taxation,  whilst
three-quarters have been borrowed at
onorous rates of interest, to bo a bur-
don  on  the   nation's   futuro)   brings
things to a crisis.   When peace comes,
capital will be needed for all sorts of
social enterprises, and the resources of
government will necessarily have to be
vastly greater than they were before
the war.   Meanwhile innumerable new
private fortunes are being heaped up
by those who have taken advantage of
the nation's needs; and the one-tenth
of the population  whieh owns nine-
tenths of the riches of the United Kingdom, far from being made poorer, will
find itself in the aggregate, as a result
of the war, drawing in rent and interest
and dividends a larger nominal income
than ever before,   ouch a position de*
mauds a revolution in national finance.
How are we to discharge a public debt
that may well reach the almost incredible figure of 1000 million pounds sterling and at tbe same time raise an annual reven'ue which, for local aa well as
central   government,   must   probably
roach 1000 millions a year!   It is over
this problem of taxation that the various political parties will be found to be
most sharply divided.
The Labor Party stands for such a
system of taxation as will yield all the
necessary revenue to the government
without encroaching .on the prescribed
national minimum standard of life of
any family whatsoever; without hampering production or discouraging any
useful personal effort, nnd with the
uearcBt possible approximation to equality of sacrifice. We definitely repudiate
all proposals for n protective tariff in
whatever specious guise they may be
cloaked, us a device for burdening the
consumer with unnecessarily enhanced
prices, to the profit of the capitalist
employer or landed proprietor, who
avowedly expocts his profit or rent to
bo increased thereby. We Bhall strenuously oppose any taxation, of whatever
kind, whicli would incrense the price of
food or flf uny other necessary of life.
Wc hold that indirect taxation on commodities, whether by customs or excise,
should be strictly limited to luxuries,
and concentrated principally on those
of which it is socially desirable that the
consumption should be actually discouraged. We are at one with the manufacturer, tho farmer, and the trader in objecting to txaos interfering with production or commerce, or hampering
transport and communications. In alt
theso mntters—unco more in contrast
with the other politicul parties, and by
no means in the interests of the wage-
earners alone—the Labor Party demands that the very definite teachings
of economic science should no longer be
Por the raising of tho greater part of
the revenue now required, tho Labor
Party looks to the direct taxation of the
incomes above the necessary cost of
family maintenance; and for the requisite effort to pay off the national debt,
to the direct taxntion of private fortunes, both during lifo and at death.
Tho income tnx nnd tupcr tax ought at
once be thoroughly reformed in assessment and collection, in abatements and
allowances and in graduation and differentiation, so as to levy the required
total sum in such a way as to make thc
real sacrifice of all thetaxpayers as
nearly as possiblo equul. This would
involve assessment by families instead
nf by individual persons so that the
burden is allcviotod in proportion to
the number of persons to be maintained,
.It would involve the raising of the pre
■sent unduly low minimum income assessable to the tax and the lightening of
the present uufair burden on the great
muss, of professional and small trading
classes by a new scale of graduation,
rising from a penny in the pdund on the
■smallest assessable income up to 16 or
even 19 shillings in the pound on the
highest income of the millionarios. It
would involve bringing into assessment
the numerous windfalls of profit that
now escape, and a further differentiation between essentially different kinds
of income. The excess profits tax might
well be retained in an appropriate form,
whilst so long as mining royalties exist
the mineral rightB duty ought to be increased. The steadily rising unearned
increment or urban and mineral land
ought, by an appropriate direct taxation of land values, to be wholly
brought into the public exchequer. At
the same time, for tlie service and redemption of the national debt, the death
duties ought to be regradjated, much
more strictly collected, and greatly increased. In this matter we need, in
fact, completely to reverse our point of
view and to rearrange tho whole taxntion of inheritance from the standpoint
of asking what is the maximum amount
that any rich man should bo permitted
at death to divert by his will from the
national exchequer, which should normally be the heir to all private riches
in excess of a quite moderato amount
by way of family provision. But all
this will not suffice. It will be imperative at the earliest possible moment to
free the nation from at any rate the
greater part of its new load of interest-
bearing debt for loans which ought to
have been levied as taxation; and the
Labor Party stands for a special capital levy to pay off, if not the whole, a
very substantial part of the ontire national debt—a capital levy chargeable
like the death duties on all property,
but (in ordor to secure approximate
equality of Becrificc) with exemption of
the smallest savings, and for the rest
at rates very steeply graduated, so as to
tako only a entail contribution from
the little people and a very much larger
percentage from the millionaires.
Over this issue of how tho financial
burden of tho war is to be borne, and
how tbo necoasary revenue ia to be raised, the greatest political battles will be
fought. In this manner, the Labor
Party claims the Bupport of four-fifths
of the whole nation, for the interests of
the clerk, the teacher, the doctor, the
minister of religion, the average retail
shopkeeper and trader and all the
masses of those living on small incomes
are identical with those of the artisan
The landlords, the financial magnates;
tho possessors of great fortunes will
not, as a class, willingly forego the relative immunity that they have hitherto
enjoyed. The present unfair subjection
of the co-operative society to an excess
profits tax on the "profits" which it
nover made—specially dangerous as
"the thin ond of the wedge" of penal
taxation of this laudable form of demo
cratic enterprise—will not be abandon
ed without a struggle. Every possible
effort will bo made to juggle with the
taxes so aB to place upon the shoulders
of the mass of laboring folk and upon
the struggling households of the professional men and s.*all traders (os was
done after every previous war)—whether by customs or excise duties, by industrial monopolies, by unnecessarily
high rates of postage aud railway fares,
or by a thousand and one other ingenious devices—an unfair share of the national burden. Against these efforts tho
Labor Party will tako the firmest stand
(To be eontinued next week)
Many Thousands of Dollars Being Salt-
scribed for Union Becord Stock
Seattle unions continue to '' kick
through with dollars for Btock in the
Daily Union Becord, which is making
such a hit among the men.
A record purchase of Union Publishing Company stock was made when
Structural, Bridge and Ornamental Iron
Workers and Pile Drivers Local No. 86
voted to purchase $1000 of the stock or
over $3.00 per capita for oach of their
300 membors. The payments will be
made from the union's treasury.
"Pretty good for a amall union,"
said A. G. Dentler, secretary of the
local. Visited by a committee from the
Co-operative Pood Products Association,
the union bIbo voted to increase its
stock holdings in that enterprise from
$100 to $500.
Subscripeions amounting to $2300, or
$1 per member, were mado by TeamBters Local No. 174 and Betal Clerks
Local No. 174. Tho teamsters "kicked
through" to the tune of $2000, the
clerks subscribing to the remaining
$300. Painters' Local No. 300 voted a
two months' subscription for each of
its members, while Electrical Workers
No. 77 appointed a committee to investigate the plant and business of the
company and report back to the local
bo that it can have first hand information when it considers the question of
subscribing for stock.
British Trade Unionists Preparing for
After the War
LONDON.—A conference of delegates representing two and a half million British trade unionists, held in
the House of Commons, adopted a resolution providing for the establishment
of an international trados union bureau
to secure closer relationship between
British, American, colonial, allied and
neutral workers, with a viow to formulating a trades union policy during and
after 'tho war.
The burenu will also consider tho advisability of appointing labor ambaaaa-
dora to Jhe respective countries as
agents of international trade unionism.
BUTTE, MONT.—The demands of
Typographical Union, which had been
pending aince .Tune 1, have been adjusted by conciliation. An increase of
75 cents per day was secured, dating
from the commencement of the dispute.
Dating from September 1, 25 cents additional will be added. The contract
runs for 18 months. Tho printing
prossmon were granted similar increases.
Daughters of the West End
Scent Grave Danger
to the Empire
Patronize B. C. Federatlonist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
Wish Revolting Slaves to Be
Swatted With "War
Measures Act"
A returned soldier, whom I had
never seen beforo, suddenly fired a
question at mo on the Btreet last night:
What's the difference between the
Kaiser breaking a treaty with the
people in Belgium—and the B. C. Electric breaking an agreement with the
people iu Vancouver!" Of cpurse I
gave the correct answer—that tho one
happened under the German flag and
the other under the British; but the
soldier-man would have none of it.
'There's no difference at all," he insisted; and then he went on to say
things that were really alarming. According to his talk, ho would just as
soon shoot lead into somo of the respected citizens of Vancouvor as into
the "Fritzes" h© had left behind on
the western front. And tho people he
mentioned were not the rebellious- and
seditious working men at all I I got so
scared that I was kind of glad the
lights didn't go out on the atriko of
12 again, as there waa a chance of their
doing. One of the things he told me
was that the rival bodies of returned
men were going to get together and go
after '' the things thoy had been fighting for." He was quite vehement
about it all, and yet there wasn't tho
slightest sign that he had been drinking! Evidently the s6ldier-psychology
is something which has got to bo reckoned with.
It ia very reassuring, however, to
find lhat these truculent soldiers and
common working men are not going to
have things all their own way. The
Imperial Order of the Daughters of the
Empire are going to see to that; in fact
they are already on the warpath. And
when I am informed that there are
1200 of them, "drawn from all classes
of women"—especially such aB live on
Shaughnessy Heights and in the West
End generally—I flnd the thought of
them quito soothing after the jolt I got
from that rough-tongaed follow in
To begin with, they are giving
poke in the ribs to the "govemor-
genoral-in-council" to remind him that
he has "authority to deal with the
situation under tho War Measures
Act." They know that such fellows
are likely to forget what potentates
they are unless somebody. reminds
them; and so they aro informing him
that he is "requostod without dolay to
take effective measures under the complete powerB vosted in him." And thoy
are not putting -him to the troublo of
deciding for himself which of the conflicting partleB he is to get after, since
thoy point out that tho men had already "secured all monetary demands
made by them" whon, without warn*
ing-—and evidently without any reason
whatsoever in the wide, wido world—
they "again stopped work on the 14th
inst., thereby causing great injury and
loss to the citizons of Vancouver and
adjoining municipalities."
Except for the spirited action of
these Daughters of the Empire, it is
fearful to think what might happen to
us all. Even the B. C. ^Electric Company is pusillanimous enough to concede that "the men either singly or
through their union had the right to
cease work" if they thought fit; and if
such a pernicious principle as that is
allowed to the working class, whatever is to become of all the rights and
privileges of their "betters"! How,
for instance, is the mover of the harm-
;, necessary "resolution," in her
restful home on Jervis Street, to have
her every want supplied' as usual, if
the butcher and baker and candlestick-
maker are allowed to take a holiday
whenever they like itt And how is
the resolution's seconder, away at
Shaughnessy Heights, to get her accustomed comforts and conveniences in a
like situation f Why, even; the cosy appointments in the home of the ladies'
own preaident, at the swell end of
Robson Street, would be all upset if
such anarchistic principles wero onco
allowed' to prevail. And what would
become of "democracy" then? It is
too awful to contemplate.
Happily, these imperial daughters,
though "drawn from all clasBeB," aa
already stated1, are mode of tho right
stuff and are not likely to draw too
freely from some ot Ihe "classes."
Suppose, for instance, they had taken
into their inner councils a large number of tho wives of working men, auch
as those who caused the present trouble
by refusing to work on whatever conditions their masters chose to offer. Why,
in such a case, porhaps, the ladies
would not even have been able to
carry their resolution calling for the
'' governor-in-council'' and hiB big
stick I It's tcrriblo to think of. However, there is no danger of nnything of
that sort, as may plainly be seen by
glancing at the names of thoir members, especially thoao most in tho limo-
At this week's meeting, for inatnnco,
besides those mentioned above, the
moving spirits included a lady from
Buto Street, anothor from Robson, and
another from Thurlow. Accompanying
the nowspaper account of their moe-t-
ing is a charming picture of another
I.O.D.E. lady mentioned in connection
with the "bridge" playing at their
coming garden feet at Jorieho Country
Club. Oh! yea; they are the right
sort, all right. Their aeeretary iB another from "out Shaughnessy way."
No common working clasB atuff in this
outfit, you bot. None, for inatance,
from Prior Street or Harria Stroot
Eaat! Weat End homos, and men-folk
with offices downtown. Tho empire's
quito safe in thoir hands.
Soldiers and Workers Are Readjusting
Their Views on Social
LONDON.—'' At home there are
signs of troublo and disturbance only
very partially revealed in the press,
but well known to those in authority,
wh'ich portend the possibility of grave
social upheaval in the future.
This utterance is contained in a pastoral letter from Cardinal Bourne,
which waB read in all churches in his
diocese.   The letter continues:
"Dull acquiescence in social injustice haa given way to active discontent
The army iB not only fighting—it iB
thinking. They havo learned the characteristic scorn for the self-seeking
politician and empty talker, and have
learned to be suspieioua of official ut-
terances and bureaucratic waya. The
offect on the young men iB little short
of revolutionary.
"Munition workers and voluntary
war workers are all readjusting their
views on sooial questions, and there is
a general change and ferment in the
mind of the nation.
If thoso principles are accepted as
the basis for the rebuilding of our public life, we can look with confident
hope to the future. If they are sot
aside, greator calamity will como upon
us than any war can inflict."
WASHINGTON.—Forty centB an
hour was declared to bo a "living
wage'' by tho national war labor board
in a decision affecting workers at eight
planita in Wnyneaboro, Pa.
Acquisition of the lands of the Pacific Great Enstern Development Company, a subsidiary concern of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company,
waa authorized at a meoting of the
provincial executive council. This step
follows tho recent trip by Premier
Oliver to Squamlsh, where tho company's holdings were inspected. The
land comprises 515 town lots and some
7,000 acres situated at various points
along the Hne of railway.
Tho spirit of co-operation in in the air
more than ever. It means that tho more
you do, the greator ia the degree of
bonefit coming back to yourself.
Apply It to your telephone sorvico.
Tou have excellent operators, adequate
equipment, and the more you seek a perfect service the better will you bo pleased.
You will flnd that tho oompany endeavors at all times to heartily cooperate to the end of giving the public
the best thero Is in the telephone utility.
B. O. Telephone Company, Ltd.
—all kinds
<J The pain at tho back of the
head, that bo often goes with Indigestion and biliousness, li generally accompanied by nervousness. It
often confuses the sufferer, who
does not know whether it la a
•"stomach" or a "nervous" headache.
<q When   this   headache   arises
from defective eyes (as it often
doeB) It is both a nervous and
stomach headache. It is a crying
out, on tho part of tho nerve centres in the stomach and the brain,
for more vital energy to conduct
their affairs. For defective eyes
impoverish these centres of their
J nerve-force in making their extraordinary demands for the vital
purpose of seeing.
(J It is well to suspect the eyes
ln cases of continued headaches of
any kind. For this headache is
but ths warning of more serious
damage being done. My eyesight
service—the most efficient on this
continent—Ib here for you. Ton
should know tho exact condition of
your eyes. Permit me to tell you
—acenratoly and definitely—what
that condition Ib.
OranviUe Optical Oo.
Below DtyKtole'e
Hen'a Hatters and Outfitter*
410 Qru-rUle Itmt
619 BuUap Itmt Wert
Phont Sermonr 7169
Third Floor, wend Building
—The only Union Bhop in VtneooTer—
Should be in the home of
is it nr youbsi
—Pbone Fairmont 86S4—
I. FUUuwnt O, Tueott
Pocket Billiard
(Biuowtok-Bnlke OoUondir Oo.)
—BwtUoiHni tet Onion Men—*
UnlM-andi   Tthueoi,   OH»r>   eat
Onlr White Bell Employed
42 Hastings St. East
Hosiery Specials
These stockings should sell at $1
a pair but on account of a heavy
thread iu some of them we aell
thom regularly at 85c, They are
splendid wearing hose. July Sale
Price, pair  :  ,69c
A 50c Silk Lisle Hose that we
have found gives excellent satis*
faction.   Sale Price, 3 pairs $1.00
S4.60 BLOUSES, 12.98
Heavy quality washable Crepe do
Chino and Habutai Silks  in  a
variety of good styles.   Begular
to J4.50. July Sale Price .12.98
A better quality of Crepe de
Chino in a wide variety of stylos
and colors as well as black and
white. Values to <7.50 for 83.98
Crepe do Chino and Georgette
Crepe Blouses in broken lotB;
values to $10.00 for  H98
Saba Bros.
~he Silk Specialists
Get Acquainted with
Our Tool Expert
Tested Tools for
All Trades—
For many yeara this shop has
mado a specialty of high-grade
tools for all trades. Most any
good workman will tell you that
Flett's iB the place to go if you
are looking for tho best or for
some tool you can't find elsewhere.
Ship Carpenters will flnd here
Campbell's lipped adieu, Campbell's
ship adses, Campbell's slicks (3*
Inch), Drew's calking Irons. Star-
rett's Mechanical Tools, etc. Drop In
buys and shake hands.
Moulders will find (i very complcto
range of Monk's celebrated line—
Trowels, spoon tools, lifters, etc. If
yon are ln(cresi.-.l don't fail to have a
look, we want to meet you.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
"Ibe  Union  Shop"
Near Homer
S. T Wallace's
Sey. 784 and 1866
"HiM tht Oeraui With Tear Mu-
ket Basket"
Hy delivery service stops. It's ap
to me to solve the problem of cheap
food. Your market basket will do it.
Tou will proflt, but you must carry
the atuff away.
Come early and carry the good old
family market basket on your arm.
My prlcos are the nearest approach
possible to peace-time prices in wartime.
Malkln's Oolden Crust Baking Powder, 12 oss     ISc
2%-ft. tins    48c
5-lb.   tins   „     86c
Finest Old Canadian CheeBe, Ib.    30c
Ghlradetlt's Ground Chocolate, per 1-
lb*, tin    38c
Rubber KlnK*.   per  dozon Be,  100
Butter, finest Eastern Creamery; per
Ib. at     48c
Two in One Shoe Polish. 2 tins..    16c
50 cases of Puro Strawberry Jam, 2-
1b. tins     38c
St. Charh's, Canada First and B. C.
Baby Cream, 4 for  -...   26c
Mo. 1 Scratch Food, 100- Ib. sack
for  „ $3.90
Royal Standard and Robin Hood
Flour, 49;lb. Back  $2.70
B. & K. Wheat Flakes; large package  -    Sflc
Lux, per package  -    lie
E-Z Seal Quart Jars, doi $1.26
New Potatoes, grown by white men;
7 lbs. for     26c
"Victory gooB hand in hand with
food supplies."—Canaja Food Board.
Canada food Board License Mo. 9*1866
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 tiutlnti Strnt WM
Printer, te Ike rilenttonM
fk» fodtntlonlit  1,  prodnMd from
tm metern newipeper pristine plant.
TENTH YEAR.   No. 29
IT is always good judgment to get the best. When you
have Dr. Lowe do your dental work you are absolutely
sure to get the very best materials Dr. Lowe has been
able to obtain.
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth that
in many instances do the work as i well and look
better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered,
are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
108 Hastings St, W., Oor. Abbott.     Pbone Sey. 5444
(Opposite Woodward's Big Storo)
Significant Vote Is
in Regard to War
Announcing our appointment
as PENSLAR Agents
for Vancouver—
WE purpose in the future featuring tbese nationally
known Remedies, sold under absolute guarantee.
You are safe wben you buy Penslar preparations; tbe
formula is plainly printed on each label for your protection. We want you to bave a copy of the Penslar
Health Book, and get acquainted with these Remedies.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
US Hastings Street West   Phones Soy. 1968 and 1966
7 Hastings Stroot Wost Seymour 3832
782 Oranvlll*) Stntt Soymour 7013
2714 Granule snow Boy. 2SU and 1744-0
412 Main Stnet Soymoui 2032
1700 Commercial Drift High. 238 and 1733-0
Mail Ordor Dtpartmtnt for out-of-town customers.   Sana prices and
atrrlot aa o-rer onr connttr.  Address 407 Hastings Straet West
You are always sure of perfect Shoe satisfaction when you buy your Shoes at this
Our Shoes are very different from thc
ordinary Shoes so many stores are offering as Shoe Bargains.
We are ready to supply ony
membors of the family with tho
Bost Shoes Made.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
! Granville Street Seymour 5715
Froth Ont Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Stroet East, Soy. 988*472 — 728 OranflUe Street, Sty. 9813
WE HAVE placed in stock this week 200 suits
for young men, 2-piece, yoke lined, at $20.00,
$22.50 and $25.00. These are something out
of the ordinary and range from size 34 to 40.
We have the largest and best assorted line of
"SPORT" Shirts in the city, $1.25, $1.50 and $2 each.
We have complete stock of standard makes of
Summer Underwear, and are selling it at last year's
We can save you from $2.00 to $4.00 on Boys'
Suits, and our stock is large and complete.
117 Hastings St. East
—_ a	
Refuses    to    Buy    Back
Rights Already
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Special Representative in Australia)
In a former dispatch I have told: that,
following a conference held in Melbourne during the middle of April last,
certain concessions were granted to
Labor and the unions in Australia. It
now transpires that such concessions
were granted conditionally that the
Labor delegates there present would
try and secure the co-operation of
Labor in a more vigorous prosecution of
the war. Such -ft bargaining, if agreed
to by the labor delegates, is nothing
short of a scandal and disgrace, and the
rank and file of Labor has lost no time
in repudiating the unholy arrangement.
Among the delegates sent from New
South Wales to that conference was pne
by the name of Morby, who is at the
present time president of tho Sydney
(N. S. W.) Trades and Labor CouncU*.
Morby, it should be stated, is well
known in Canada ,as having had some
connection years ago with the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, On his
return from the conference, Morby
moved the motion to support tho recruiting plans outlined by the Hughes
conscriptionist government, and stated
that unless the Trades and Labor Council was prepared to do this it could not
hope to get any concessions promised
by the government at the conference.
Now it has been shown that whatever concessions wore asked for wero
not in the form of gratitudes from the
government, but merely the restitution
of certain wrongs dono by the government towards Labor during the past
few months. To argue, then, that theBe
wrongs could only be righted by Labor
agreeing to pay a price waa a most impudent suggestion. Naturally the
Trades and Labor Council resented this.
For four years now discussion has
taken place in the Sydney TradeB and
Labor CouncU on this matter, and Bince
this council is the strongest and most
dominating body of its kind in Australia, and situated in the state giving
the largest vote against conscription
at the referendum, it is certain that
whatever is decided here will be decided all over Australia. From thc
very beginning of the debate in which
Morby asked the council to agree to
the proposals of the government, there
was open hostility. As the debate progressed, tho section led by Morby, comprising tha most conservative of the
unions, began to lose ground and by
the tihrd meeting (on May 16 last)
those opposed to the motion were able
to take control.
Morby'b motion was defeated
the grounds that it conflicted with the
council's decision last January to support the Labor Party's peace proposals,
which called for a mandate to the Allied governments to call an armistice on
all fronts and negotiate for peace.
This done, the more powerful section,
led by Mr. Judd—a brilliant, anti*war
Laborite, moved the following motion,
which now stands for debate before the
The Sydney Trades and Labor
Council (Australia), after careful consideration of the war and the issues involved and being fully seized with the
momentous nature of sueh. issues, declares as follows:
(1) That careful consideration should
be given to the question pressed by
Lords Morley, Brasscy, Loreburn (ex-
Chaneellor of England) Farrer, Beau-
chomp and Lansdowne, namely: 'Ib it
worth while indefinitely prolonging the
awful struggle, with its lamentable sacrifice of life, and the waste of resources not eaaily to be replaced!'
(2) That we deeply regret that tho
federal government ignored the peace
proposals of the Australian Labor
Party laBt June, and tbis council's endorsement in January last of the preamble of those proposals and/ demand
that the Allied governments immediater
ly initiate negotiations for peace.
(3) That the secret treaties of the
Allied governments—as published in
the press—disclosing designs of territorial aggrandizement; tho placing of nn
army of approximately 80,000 armed
men in Irelnnd, tho Allied governments'
attitude towards the working class government in Russia; Mr. Hughes' speech
before the manufacturers of Sydney—
in which he thnnked God that Germany
had plunged the world into this war,
and the fact that all anti-Labor forces
aro in favor of the war and its continu-
ance, justifies grave doubts regarding
tho contention that the Allied governments are fighting solely for liberty,
justice and democracy.
(4) That the Allied statesmen's rejection of Chancellor von Hollweg's
offer (December 12, 10.10); President
Wilson's "Appeal to Belligerents" (December 22, 1910 and January 24, 19.17);
tho Pope's appeal (August. 2, 1917);
Germany's peace offer (December 25,
1917); and the Allied governments' refusal of passports to Labor lenders' t-o
attend tho Stockholm peace conference
(AuguBt, 1917); and the failure of tho
Allied statesmen to initiate pence nego.
tiatioiiB, enable the Gorman militarists
to persuade the German workers that
the Allied governments arc more concerned about rendering Germany impotent as a competitor in the world markets than thc securing of an enrly and
just peace.
(5) That the economic resolutions of
thc Paris conference; the demand for
tho annexation of the. Germnn colonies;
the declaration in fnvor of "crushing
Germany," and other imperialistic utterances of bellicose statesmen nnd publicists, have strengthened, nnd nre still
strengthening the German ruling class,
nnd hnve prolonged and nre still prolonging (he wnr.   ,
(6) Thnt nil modern wars nr(. cauafcd
by the conflicting interests of different
sections of the capitalist class, a "con-
President—Gordon J. Kelly,
Secretary—W. R. Trotter, Labor
Temple, Vancouver.
Treaiurer—Miss Helena Gutteridge, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver.
Vice-presidents — Victoria, J.
Dakers; Vancouver Island, T.
Weatwell, South Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kingsley, E. H. Neelands ; New Westminster, W.
Tates; Prince Bupert, Geo. B.
Casey; West Kootenay (north),
H. Kempster, Revelstoke; West
Kootenay {south), F. Peierlll, Nelson; Orows Nest Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jai. Robert!,
Coltern; Slmllkameen, W. Smith,
PARTY li organised for the purpose of securing Industrial legislation, and for the collective ownership and democratic operation of
the meant of wealth production..
The membenhlp fee li fixed at
$1 per year, 50 cents of which
goea to the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expenies
of general organlutlon work,
Tbe membenhlp roll is open In
ea$h electoral district and all persona are invited te ilgn who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of tbe organlutlon.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for further information.
(It Vancouver\
Otty, 12.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Wrestle   With   Hundredweights   Long
Hours and Low Fay—and
Sometimes Cuss
BROOKLYN, N. Y.—Sixteen women
in overalls are wrestling daily with
132-pound bags of coffee and hundredweights of sugar working side by side
with muscular men long used to this
hnrd job. They nre the new lady stevedores hired by the New York Dock
There would be 10 of these female
dock wallopers were it not for the fact
that three of the number engaged were
fired on account of their cussing.
Among the present 16 are an author,
a former vaudeville star, several widows, and two negro women. Their
hours are 7 a.m. to 5 p.m., five dayB a
week. They aro getting 32 1-2 cents an
hour, the rato paid to men.
elusive" or permanent peace is not possible under capitalism.'
(7) That the secret conference of
English, French and German financiers,
held in Switzerland last September, for
the purpose of devising means to control Labor after the war, proves that
they place their class interests and the
safeguarding of capitalism above the
welfare of suffering humanity.
(8) That the Australian government's further attempt to introduce
conscription Bince th^e secret conference,
and its refusal to grant Ur. Foster (of
Melbourne) a paBBport to Bussia, have
an evil significance—especially when
combined with the wholesale suppression of Labor-Socialist literature, and
free speech, and the censorship-—which
is far worse than the English- censorship.
(P) That the promises of the govern-
ments ot the recent recruiting conference should be carried out as actB of
justice, we refuse to accept them aa
bribes for lives.
(10) That the bleeding of the manhood of the white races to death, thereby forcing millions of women to endure
a life of eclibney and hard and uncongenial work, is w crime against civilization.
12) That the peoples of the belligerent races are war-weary and long
for peace.
(13) That the greatest service wo
can render the men at the front, their
loved ones at home, and humanity in
general is to do all in our power to
stop the war.
Thereforo, whilst fully expecting anti-
Labor forcos to misrepresent and calumniate our action —we refuse to take
part in any recruiting calnpaign, and
call upon the workors of this and other
belligerent countries to urge thoir respective governments to immediately secure an armistice on all fronts and initiate negotions for peace."
The conscriptionists in Australia, the
conscriptionist press, and all thoso opposed to Labor have designated the
Trades and Labor Council as composed
of Bolsheviks and people anxious to end
,tho wnr, but from the voting at the
meeting wheTi the nbove motion was introduced, it is plain to hc& thnt it will
be carried nt the next meeting.
(Carried 101 to 75-W. F. A.)
At the presont timo there arc many
signs of economic conscription being
practised agninst tha workers. In some
cusps men have been sackod and actually told that they ore wonted at. tho
front, in other cases the method adopted
is to plat'e a printed s]ip in tho pay envelopes worded ns undor: "Your country needs you, wo don't." With wholesale victimization in the air, and tinem-
ploytncnt everywhero, it; is no wnrler
that at the prosont time, recruiting hns
taken an upward spurt. On the figures
now mndo available, it. seems tbnt approximately around 5000 per month nro
being raised for overseas purposes.
When we consider that (including rejected) over 500,000 men hnvo offered
their services in Australia—and lha),
out of a total population of under 5,-
000,000—it will be soon that the govern,
mont has no cnuse to grumble at the
price Australia has paid in this war.
Our total losses at. tho timo of writing-
killed, sick, wounded and missing, etc.—■
are around 224,000. Comparo this with
Canndn, and it will be seen at once that
we have done moro than our share in
the present war, evon if we were not to
send another single recruit.
Tho feeling of the peoplo of Australia wns evinced nt a recent by-election
when the Labor enndidute stood ns the
stop-the-wnr" candidate. Despite the
great pressure brought to bear by the
rapitnlistic press nnd the conscriptionists ,the Labor man managed to run
within thc wnr candidate ns closely as
the former Labor enndidato <1i<1 who
stood as a pro-wnr candidate. And, as
has been already shown, despite the
fact that tho Labor pnrticH in Quh'hs-
Innd and Soal.h Australia were designated us "stopthi'wur" parties, thoy
swept Ihe pulls when they fared Ihe
people reeenily and utterly routed th
Wintlie-wnr" ciindidntos.
Men's Case Assisted by the
Evidence Presented by
*+*■, Wam_____W___________m
Patronize B. C. Fcaorationlst advertisers, and tell them why you do bo.
Evident Intent of Company
Was to Destroy Men's
The taking of evidence in the dining
car trouble on the C. P. R. was con
eluded on Tueaday'afternoon, the evl
dence produced proves without doubt
that the men wore discharged for joining tho organization.
On Monday on two occasions, Mr.
Justico Macdonald reminded Mr. Matthews that it was a very important
point that he should be able to establish
by proof the exact date of the time it
was decided to roplace1 the white men
by colored help, but Mr. Matthews said
that while possibly there waB some correspondence^ the subject, he could not
remember it. The actual decision to
make the change was reached on April
27, the witness said, thiB being the ante
when it was learned that an unlimited
number of colored men could be secured
in the United States to replnce the discharged employees.
Mr. Matthews admitted to Mr. McVety that the policy of the C. P. B. was
to discourage organization among its
employoes but to take no action nftor
the men had organized. Ho did not
recollect, he said any attempt to organize the dining car men four or five
years ago or on ono occasion two yearB
ago. He recollected that one waiter
hnd been collecting monoy from the
men to get a lawyer to go to Montreal
to ask for more money for the employees and admitted that he had discharged the waiter.
"I was told by other waiters that he
was going to decamp with the money,"
said Mr. Matthews.
So yon helped him to got out quickly, '' remarked Mr. McVety.
The witness also admitted that he had
given instructions to his superintendents to discourage organization among
their men, being aware that colored men
were shortly to be used in the aervice.
"Would you be surprised to learn
that Mr. FraBer (one of the superintendents) as late as April 19 had written
to United States firms asking for white
help?" asked Mr. McVety.
'' I could not reconcile it,'' answered
tbe witness, "with my conversation
with him."
To Discourage Organltation
Mr. Matthews said he had advised
Mr. Tingley to enquire of tho men whnt
was going on and to discourage organ!
"So that Mr. Tingley's declaration
that, he did not know whether the men
wnre members of the union or not is
not correct?" asked Mr. McVety.
"That was a company declaration,"
said Mr. Peters. *
'But it is signed by Tingley," said
Mr. Justice Macdonald.
To Mr. Peters, Mr. Matthews said
that thero were still many stewards in
the employ of the company, who, he be-
lioved, were members of thc union. Of
82 men on the run between Vancouver
and Calgary, when the dismissals took
place, ten were given other work in the
company's service; two declined work
with the company, thirteen were promoted to higher positions and ten were
re-employed. In the Alberta division,
three men were placed in a C. P. R.
hotel; five wore re-employed in the dining car service; six were promoted,
leaving thirteen men actually released
and not working row for the company.
In Manitoba the figures were: Twelve
promoted, ten offered other work and
subsequently taken back, and thirteen
actually leaving who refused other poBi-
tions with the company.
The afternoon BeBBion on Tuesday was
given chiefly to the presentation of arguments by Mr. F. W. Poters of the C.
P. R. and Mr. J. H. McVety, representing the men.
Mr. Peters, in his argument, declared
that the evidence produced bore out the
contention of the company thnt the employment of the colored help wub necessary. He had endeavored to bring out
—and he believed he hnd done so—the
reasons which forced the company to
make a chnnge in its manner of handling the dining cars if it wanted to retain its traffic. Tho matter of tho
change had been discussed again nnd
ngnin by the officer* of the company,
and whilo the i linage was decided in
Kebrunry it wns known it would nol be
necessary to net 'until spring. In the
meantime nn officer wns seel to the
fTnit'jd SttttOH tn investignte tho libor
Can't Run Mixed Crews
On April 15, Superintendent Mnt-
thews wns in position to wire the different superintendents informing them nr-
rnngements hnd heen made whieh allowed the company to proceed with replacing the white help with colored.
The company made this policy public
through the press on May (I. Its reuwin
for discharging the white waiters was
that it was not feasible to run mixed
crews, nnd the supply of whit* labor
wns not sufficient. The white waiters
could be released for more necessary
work. The fact that the dismissiils occurred shortly after the men organized
was merely a coincidence and wns not
influenced by the orgnnizntion of (he
Mr. McVety, in reply, mnde a brief
nnd comprehensive review of the facts
brought out in ihe evidence, contending
thnt h(. was confident that the contention of the men thnt they hnd been dis-
criminated ngninst by the 0. P. R. hnd
been bornr out bv the evidence, oven
Unit of Ihe C. V. I(. officials.
"Our evidence," he said, "is thnt
the men were culled in nt vnrious divisional points and questioned as to Iheir
connexion with the Brothorhood of
Railway Employees. Thore was practically a roll call nf the meu. Following
thai aetion, fho compnny officers, after
warning Iho men tlgfllnst joining the
(Continued nn Pago 6.)
Over There
Our boys are fighting the Hun; giving
their best and doing their best.. OVER
HERE we are working hard, doing our
best to "Keep the home fires burning,"
and the City of Vancouver and the
great Province of B. C. A good place
for them to come back to live in. Our
policy is, and always has been, "Live,
and Let Live." The working man of
Vancouver (with his wife, sons and
daughters) has always had our admiration and respect. Wc have sought
him out and studied him in every way.
We know his requirements (and his
wife's) exactly, and we're here pre-
Iparcd to deliver thc goods.
of highest Btylo ond grandest quality) made by anion expert
tailors, under best conditions and fair anil foil union wages.
Finest imported woollens in greatest variety affording fullest
choice to suit every taste.
Ladies' Suits, $45 and up  Men's Suits, $35 and up
128 Hastings St. East
Near Theatre Royal (Old Pmtagei)
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Tea Ooal for you underfeed furnace)
______________ It  -
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local M4T
A. S. U. B. Carpentera
Food IluBBe
Ho.  6-564
IF you want good coffee,
the very best—ask for
Nabob Coffee is tho perfect
coffee in the perfection container.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Gents Furnishings
Factory organlied under "United Garment Workers of America"
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
AH That the Law Will Allow
We Desorve Trade Union Patronage
No* 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West PAGE FOUR
FBIDAT. July 19, 1918
Published every Frida;
morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A. 3. Wells Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir Bt.
Tel. Exchange Beymour 7495
After 0 p.m.; Sey   7497K
Subscription'. $1.50 per year;    in Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
•■Unity of Labor:  tha Hope of the World1
FBIDAY July 19, 1918
EVEN MOST of thoso scientific persons who are so thoroughly imbued
with the compelling virtue of their
own scientific attainments along economic UneB, that thoy are thrown into violent fits of petulance
THE SACRED at tho more prosim-
IKON OP ity  of  tho  ignorant
PAYMENT. and illiterate freaks
that constitute the
common mob, seem to be largely if not
hopelessly obsessed with thc notion that
thingB in this world can be bought, sold
and paid for, and that this marvelous
consummation iB somehow or othor ar
rived at through the mysterious proper-
ties of a certain metal known as gold,
This particular metal, just like iron,
copper, lead, tin and all other metals
and things that aro met with in the
markets of the world, has boon brought
forth from nature's crucible and made
presentable for association with other
commodities, by exactly the same forco
and process that has been responsible
for the appearance there of all the rest
of them. It has been brought forth and
fashioned for participation in the' commodity parade solely by thc hand of
labor, and having beon so brought in
and introduced to the motley throng of
wares for sale, it becomes subject to all
the fluctuations, exigencies and idiosyn-
cracies of the market, just like tho.rest
of the bunch. Its value in exchange
for othor commodities cnn only be determined or nrrived at by the same pro-
cess or method of calculation that applies to them all. All commodities have
a common pnrentago; they are brought
forth by labor alone. Their relative exchange value, that ia the value of one
as compared to the value of another, in
exchange, can only be arrived at by a
comparison of the respective quantities
of labor necessarily embodied in their
production. There is but one way yet
Tcnown to man to solve the problem,
and that is to reduce the production of
the commodity to the terms of an individual adult, and measure his time by
the clock. The necessary labor time
thus arrived at becomes the measure of
exchange valuo for the commodity in
question. As a similar process has been
worked out in regard to all other commodities, their exchange one for another becomes a simpler matter, and, approximately of.courso, a reasonably correct one..
As there aro very many different com
modities scattered over a wido market,
and tho owner of any given commodity
may not bo ablo to personally  meet
ono who has tho particular commodity
he dosiros to obtain in exchange, and
vico vorsa, the expedient of buying and
selling has boon devised and become a
universal practice.   To effect this it becomes necessary to translate   the   exchango valuo of all   commodities   into
terms of some one commodity tha-t has
beou selected for tho purpose and which
is generally recognised and accepted as
authoritative' and official.   The commodity at prosont in use for this purpose
is gold.    All other ''commodities   are
compared to gold in order to determine
their relative value thereto.   Oold doos
not measuro their value, any more than
they in oach case meaaure that of gold.
To arrive at the conclusion,   through
comparison, that a certain quantity of
gold of a certain fineness, is equivalent
in value to a given quantity of flour,
for instance, by no means establishes
nny given quantity of exchange value.
It merely indicates that the value contained in tho ono is equal to that contained in tho other.   It really moans
that the amount of adult human labor
moasured by time, necossnrily embodied
in thc one is equal to that necessarily
embodied in the    other.    Hence    the
value of, say a burrel of flour, would be
expressed in terms of gold as being $10,
and the vnlue of that quantity of gold,
expressed in terms of flour, would bo
one barrel of that commodity.
*        *        *
Onco the comparison has boen made
nnd the value   of   these   commodities
translated  into money   (gold)   terms,
that particular commodity performs no
furthor  function   in   exchnnge,  excopt
in perhaps tho settlement of trado bal-
ruTicas between countries, and even  in
iBUtfh cane it functions merely as a commodity that is of general acceptance.
(Suoh balances might just as readily be
isettlod by tho transfor of nny other
.canmredUy i» common and general use,
•VTich as Iron or copper, for instance.
There ia nothing about gold that is in
any way more mysterioua and potent in
matters of trado and" commorco than
there is about anything else that is a*
commonly used.   Whatever mysterious
power or property it appears to possoas
is due entirely to tho clover hocus po-
cus and "abracadabra"   flimflam   of
financinl doceit and swindle that has
beon practised for so long   upon   tho
slaves and gudgeons by tho rulers and
rogues who musl cloak and cover their
rascalities by   hypocrisy   and   camouflage.    As gold is merely one commodity in the long list of similar things
thnt are produced by labor, it does not
require  nny   very  powerful   rensoning
faculties to realize that it   could   no
moro effect pnymont for the production
of theso things than could any other
part of tho things produced.   Not only
is gold but a part of the many things
produced  but  in   value  it constitutes
but an Infinitesimal part of tho total
value brought forth'.   An I it eould not
pay for nnything, becnuso it. like nil
other commodities, can only bo brought
Into the channels of exchange,  trad,
and commorco by   being   firat    tnken
from lho producors thereof without aiiy
payment  whatsoovor.    Liko  all  other
-commodities it is the product of slave
labor, for by no other token can trade
nnd commerce exist. There iB no other
way to get the wherewith to carry on
trad*, commorco, business, finance, ex-
■pt through the i-uslavoment of labor
and the consequent seizure and control
of tho wealth brought forth by such
enslaved labor, and thc sacred gold, the
professed moans of payment, is but a
part of the plunder and a very small
part at that. It is neither a means
of payment nor n measure of valuo. It
purely the one pauicular commodity
selected from tho lot, for the purposo
of acting as a sort of common denominator in the processes of exchange,
that are entailed in the disposition and
distribution of the loot accruing to the
rulera and masters of tho earth through
the plundering, skinning and trimming
of slaves.
*        *        #
As for payment it is impossible,
either in gold or anything oIbo. The
sum of the world's capitalization, in
eluding all bonds, stotkB, deeds, deben
tureSj mortgages, loans either national
or otherwiso, bank accounts, warehouse
receipts, bills payable and bills receiv
able, bills of lading, currency and all
lho rest of thu paper flimflam and fin
auciul phantusmagoria of this crazy
age, is pure and adulterated debt; a
churge against the future; an obligation
that has arisen out of tho impossibility
of any and all payment in tho past
and equally impossible of any and all
payment in the future for the very
snme reason that it has al! been contracted, accumulated and mobilized.
And that reason is that there nevor
was anything wherewith payment could
be made; thero is nothing now; and
thero can bo nothing in tho future.
Everything that is supposed to bo
bought, sold, exchanged, traded in, paid
for, oaten up, worn out, blown up by
war or otherwise either profitably or
unprofitably disposed of, is produced
from day to day and year to year and
in the same manner nnd by the samo
process disposed of. No payment for
such production can be mado for the simple reason that there is nothing outside
of that production itself and it ia all
consumed as fast as brought forth.
Nothing remains but the figarcs expressing that which has been produced
and either consumed or destroyed, without any payment whatsoever. Theae
gallant figures in most noble array con-
atituto what ia grandiloquently termed
by statesmen, philosophers, sageB, pundits, economists, financiers, and rogues
and muddle-heads generally, as "the
great wealth of the world," a wealth
that ia increasing "by leapa and
bounds" as tho years go by. And they
tell ub that these figures represent real
wealth and and all these promises are
"based on gold." The plain fact is
that they represent debt and the whole
preposterous swindle is based upon the
countless millions of slaves and
gudgeons whose ignorance and blind
loyalty to their maBters alono makes
the present world nightmare of civilization, misery and slaughter possible,
And the only actual payment that is
over made or that is possible, is the
payment mado daily by the slaves who
sweat, bleed and die for the empire of
their mastorB, rulers and torturers. Ruling class payment is n greater joke than
a Russian ikon.
THE entire world is in a turmoil
Discontent, strife and trouble
are everywhere. War and rumors
of war are upon every hand. There
is neither peace nor prospect of
peace anywhere on  the social  horl-
ir7rJ5S«IS« t0 really know what
Rflft BUT all the row is about
SLAVERY some believe   it   to
etui .  „     be    one    thlnB and
still more believe it to be something
else. One alleged It to be due to the
innate cussednesa of some certain in-
dividual or individuals; others attribute It to the machinations of cunning against tjie .gullibility of weakness, and almost without exception
they all agree that it is all in accord
with the "divine plan." Even the
good book seems to bear mute but
convincing testimony to the claim of
divine sanction" of the delectable
mess, for does not that same good
book fairly reek with tales of slaughter and rapine, and the material
glory of kings, captains and similar
cutthroats? At any rate human Ufe
Is now, and has been sinco the beginning of recorded history, a veri-
tablo continuous performance of
agony and misery replete with blood,
carnage and gore, nnd musically enlivened with the diapason of cannon
the shrieks and groans of the dying
and the sobs and wails of the mourners that followed in the hideous wake
of the endless horror.
tions of masters and brigands known
as nations can engage in these delectable scrimmages over slaves and
the loot to be taken from them, with
any nobler, loftier and more worthy
motives than those which arc the
mainspring and motivo power of
their very existence as nations. All
nations are based upon the enslavement of labor and the brigandage of
masters in the loot thus accruing
unto them. This brigandage can not
be purified, spiritualized and ether-
ialized by terming lt trade, commerce, business, finance, diplomacy,
statesmanship or any other hypocritical would-be camouflage for such
stuff as rule, robbery and rapine.
There is no such thing as democracy,
freedom, the rights of nations either
small or big, peace, order, morality,
spirituality, or even common decency,
possible under civilization, for civilization is only another way of spelling slavery.
'We are now going aftor the sec
ond million," says Gen. March, the
Ludcndorff of tho U. S. military tyranny, i. e., the "Chief of Staff." "Going after" is good. It is also significant. Soldiers come of their own accord, but conBcripta have to be gone
"after," The "Goneral" makes tho
distinction quito clear, quito bo indeed.
The date for tho official lynching of
Tom Mooney hus boon fixed for the
23rd of August. The court lias pronounced sentence to that offect. He if
to be "hanged by the neck until he
is dead" between "sunrise and sun
set" upon that date. N-ot a shred of
credible evidence has yet beon offered
to show that either Mooney or any of
those arrested aud prosecuted with him
had nnything whatever to do with the
crimo of which thoy have been charged,
but Warren K. Billings has been rail-
■oaded to the penitentiary for life and
Mooney is to be lynched, in ordor that
the springs' of ruling class "justice"
may be kopt pure and undefiled. Oh,
Democracy! no crimes have as yet been
committed in thy sacred nae. And for
which may the good Lord make us truly
'The workers aro warned not to
strike against the nation. Very well.
Now let the profiteers be made to feel
that with thoir nefarious practices they
are striking AT the government and
AT the people, and let tho government
and the people strike back by abolishing profits—tho greatest enemy known
to civilization," ahouts an exchange.
Ab if the "profiteers," the "nation'
and "govornment" were not one and
the same thing. And then this pitiful
squawk about ''profits'' is quite
onough to make one sick. Can profit
coune from any other source than the
plunder taken from slaves? Ia not gov
ernment the expression of that slavery ?
Are not the producers of this day and
age aa completely enslaved and robbed
as was ever the case in all written
historyt How thon can "the govornment and tho people" strike aguinst
profits"! The idea that proflt
tho greatset enemy known to civilization" is excruciatingly grotesque. Civilization and slavery aro aynonomous
terms. Profit is somethig gotten for
nothing and is quite unrealizable ox*
copt under slavery. Therefore "proflt,"
instead of boing "the greatest enemy
known to civilization," ia the very
breath of lifo in its foul nostrila. The
"New Appeal," from whioh we quote,
had better take a few more courses in
Walter ThdmaB MUIb' Correspondence
School of Socialism by return mail
while yoa wait, in ordor to know at
least as much about government, etc.
as Mr. Sam Gompers of international
fame. *
♦ # *
There is ono thing, and one thing
alone, tbat masses of men have
fought, bled and died over, and that
one thing is plunder, loot, the privilege of robbery and the proceeds
thereof. In other words the only
thing that masses of men have ever
fought ovor Is humun slavery and
the proceeds of that crime, the material things that are -wrung from
the enforced toll and sweat of those
who are enslavod. Individuals sometimes fight over possession of the uf-
fiection and favors of one of the opposite sex, but It is always noticeable that whenever they go to a court
of justice (Ood save tho mark), for
the adjudication of their differences,
somehow or other the justice that is
meted out to them can only be expressed in the same grossly material
tornis that uro used In the measure
ment or estimate of plunder taken
from slaves. Again men may, and
sometimes do, quarrel and even come
to deadly blows und bloody noses,
over religious differences, but it Is
also noticeable that In all cases
where this develops into such dimen
si ons as to assume thc magnitude
and dignity of war, a close examine^-
tion will show that behind the pious
combatants is inevitably to be found
some Institutional religion' with It*}
taproot firmly Implanted in the
plunder taken from slaves, and busily engaged In the piously lucrative
omploymont of urging tho combatants to do valiant battle for "tho
true faith, for God und for the
fatherland," a faith, a God and a
fatherland that can be religiously affirmed only by means of rich revenue
poured into the coffers of tho Institution, allegedly spiritual but grossly
material, that with eyes rolled piously
heavenward, calls down tlio divine
blessing1 upon thn glorious conflict.
All institutions, either of war, peace
or piety, within a civilization based
upon human slavery anil traffic in
its plunder, fallen and button upon
blood und (daughter and arc raised
to a very delirium of ecstasy and
beatitude as thev Kniff the Intoxicating fumes of filthy lucre that
come copiously forth from the carnage, gore uud reeking guts of thc
glorious   field   of   battle.
These are indeed days of great
wealth and the easy accumulation of
it. There is'really no excuse for any
one remaining poor now. The poorest
paid laborer in the land now receives
a stipend that would have staggered a
banker in the old effete days when the
production of wealth was a slow matter, wages low and profits very, very
narrow indeed. Why according to the
U. S. Department of Agriculture tho
average wage of the agricultural laborer for the year 1917 was as follows:
with board included, $28.87; without
board, $40,43. With such princely in
comes within the reach of the agricul
tural workers small wonder that the
tremendously high paid workers in the
skilled trades (Lord forgive ua) possess
luxurious automobiles, private yachts
and bales of liberty and victory bonds.
Small wonder that tho proud son of
toil now affcctB the supercilious air
and haughty mion that at one time
wns tho distinguishing mark of the
banker and aristocrat. And to tell the
truth about it, silk hats and swallow
tailed coats are becoming so common
among shipyard workers, hod carriers,
mule .skinners and section men, that the
erstwhile aristocrats of the labor world,
the chaps who used to have a cinch on
the big wages going, are now beginning to iieel thot they have indeed
fallen upon evil days. Where all are
rich, as at present, and thore is no
longer the opportunity to outflaunt
one's neighbor with tine feathers and
magnificence, all sink to a low level
of dull mediocrity thnt is most depressing indeed, and terribly destructive of
all initiative and enterprise in the way
of "swank" and the display of more
gaudy tail feathers thun the rest of tho
flock. And that is the worst feature of
the present universally democratic glut
of riches. Riches, like Dead Sea fruit,
turns to ashes upon tho lipa in a
world wherein there is no longer even
a singlo pauper available for comparative purposea. We long for a return
to the more aatisfactory days of he-
fore tho war, those memorable but now
almost forgotton days when we had the
poor with us. There is no ginger in
this democratic spread of wealth that
Billy people talk so much about. At
any rate the moat of us wealthy peoplo
—wo aro all that now—are already fed
up with it. Wo are sick of it. Perhaps when the war ends thero will be
return to the normal again. Lot us
hope so and the agricultural workers
be yanked down from the high horse
of opulence, brought to thom by the
fubulous wuges referred to, and tho
banker and aristocrat ngain come into
their own.
From press dispatches it appears that
a job lot of intellectual pimploa who
have been fighting for notoriety in the
somewhat turbid waters of the American Socialist movement, arc to inflict
thcselves upon European Socialists and
Labor men for thc purpose of fixing
them in accordance with the American
plan and pattern, as designed by the
aforesaid intellectuals. And that too
immediately upon tho general overhauling and fixing perpetrated upon our
K uropean brethren by tho Samuel
Gompers delegation, which has but
just returned from its eminently successful expedition of rescue and rehabilitation in England and Franco.
This Simons • Walling - Spargo - Russcll-
Kopelin batch of crusaders masquerade
under the title of delegates from a "Social Democratic League," that appears
to be a creation designed by thiB intellectual bunch of talent for the especial
purposo of enabling its worthy members to remain in the limelight, instead
of being cast into the outer darkness
for which their mediocre capabilities
and lack of moral fibre so eminently befits thom. In a pronouncement issued
on behalf of this prccioua "League"
wc are informed, that "the industrial
world has of late made colossal strides
towards socialization, the political
world towarda ever deeper democratization." As every one who knows anything knows that no such strides havo
been taken at all, but, thnt on tho contrary, tho industrial world and politicnl world have both made "colossal
strides" towarda complete militarization and the final and absolute denial
and destruction of all democracy. It
becomes clear that this intellectual
bunch is either possessed of colossal
ignorance or is iu tho employ of the
evil forcos in human socioty which are
represented by thoae alleged statesmen who are busily and noisily engaged, in mouthing democracy in tho
house of its friends while driving the
murderous knife of Prussianism into its
heart. That there is anything in tho
presont world murder fest to bring comfort and encouragoment to the real
democrat and lover of liberty is pure
and unadulterated nonsense, unless it
may come indirectly and as a result
of the present brutal and lying order
of things meeting with complete buc-
cess in destroying itself and taking its
intellectual prostitutes and bagmen
along with it into an oblivion that
yawns for their coming. Thus may the
road to socialization and democracy
bo possibly opened to those who may
follow and have sense enough to
travel it.
John MsDonald, a carpenter of early
Vancouver, returned to hia home in
Now Brunswick on Monday after a
month's vacation on the const. HiB
son Archie, a native son, is with the
C. E. F., now in France.
When intelligence comes in by the
workersr door, then capitaliam will beat
it through the window.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Paid-up.
In spite of all profoalona 1*
irary   notwithstanding,   no
the coil-
Reserve Fund and Undivided Profits    15,000,000
Total Assets _ „..; 360,000,000
41 Branches in British Columbia, including the
following in City of Vancouver and vicinity:
Main Office—■!()() Hustings St., cor. Homer.! T. P, Peacock, Manager
Bast End—Cor. Hastings St. E. and Main G. Jardine, Managor
Robaou St.—7!>5 Oranvillo St G. A. Macdonald,Manuger
Bridge St,—40!) Broadway W., cor. Cambie St. S A. G. Putnam, Manager
Cordova St,—1 Cordova St. W R. F. Howden, Managor
Fairview—2247 Granville St., cor. Seventh Avo H. C. Hopgood, Manager
Grandvlew—1050 Commercial Drivo J. \V. Logan, Mannger
Davie St.—1103 Granvillo St ,T. F. M. Pinkham, Manager
Hillcrest—:i2.'J2 Main St., cor. 17th Ave F. Bosworth, Manager
KitBilano-2010 Yew St J, J, v. Black, Manager
Mount Pleasant—2.101 Main St., cor. 8th Ave D. M. Morrison, Managor
North Vancouver \v, Dickinson, Manager
Marpole q, p, Thome, Manager
Port Moody H, I,. Frnser, Mannger
Now Westminster G. H, Stovons, Manager
interest Credited Half-Yearly
Accounts May Be Opened With $1.00 Deposit
No Delay in Withdrawal
Many   Important   Matters
Discussed at Regular
The Retail Clerks of tho city met on
Tuesday night last to discuss among
other things, the reason why the government had not made any further
moves towards establishing tho minimum wage board, wliich had been provided for by the parliament of the last
Tho government came in for some
stern denunciation for its policy of procrastination. The Labor movemont of
Victoria had waited on the Hon. Mr.
Farris, the attornoy-general, who had
given hia word that the board would be
on the job in one month from that time,
nnd it was for that reason that Vancouver clerks wero getting busy to take
action with Victorin regarding the immediate need for the raising of tho
wnges of tho store clerks. The care-
less attitudo of tho govornment in delaying tho appointment of tho board is
another ovidenco thnt nothing short of
sound organization and Lahor 'a own
strong right arm is of any use ,nnd tho
central labor bodies will be asked to
pnss judgment upon the action of the
government in conniving at wago conditions in the retail industry, which at
this time is a disgrace. The Hudson
Buy cuse wbb roported upon, and it wns
stated that the commission paid to the
salesladios had been cut off, but that in
the case of tho men, it. had remained.
Strange that the already underpaid
girl should be reduced, and thnt the
men should not he lowored. It was
thought that tho men perhaps dared
not take their reduced wages home to
their wives, and fearing perhapB a revolution in the home, who knows mayhe
it will Btart there and spread? In .the
case of tho girls, it was thought that
thoy could scab furthor on the wages
of their fathers and brothers. The
"Bay" has been a bitter opponent of
tho union, and the commission systom,
in the first instance, was designed to
prevent the clerks of the storos from
organizing. It sought to take the speediest and make them pacemakers for
the alowest, who in turn goes on the
The "Bay" now desires to do away
with the "system." And who shall
deny them the right seeing that they
have the right granted them by the
British government from a long way
back. The commission system was
largely responsible for keoping them
from not joining a union. It was the
something which made tho clerks and
the boss feel that they had* something
in common, and now that tho Bay fears
the introduction of tho Minimum Wage
Board, thoy intend to seo that any
Baleslady who, by superior intelligence,
hns boen able to obtain a few dollars
per month, shall now have her wages
cut down to pay the oxtra wages which
would go to those which the aat was
designed for, but in any caso, tho Bay
don't intend tho Act to increase thoir
Tho clerks in this western province
need a $11 per weok minimum wnge,
and ithe male clerks need a straight 20
per cent, increase. Thero aro some merchants who recognize tho need and are
willing to concede the increase. These
merchants are evon now paying tho
highest wages and genorally spoaking,
thoy are tho morchantB who have agroe-
monts with tho Clerks Union displaying
tho store card, and organised labor is
bound to support these merchants.
After the minister of Labor haa publicly commended the worker for organizing, and haa asked that omployerB ro-
cognize that right, it behooves evory
man and woman who work for wages to
see that all with whom they come in
contact are requested to get into somo
Labor union.
Tho clerks of the city are preparing
for a monater picnic, to bo held on the
second Wednesday in August. It ia de-
aired that it be an all day picnic, und
the leading merchants will bo approached to express themselves on tho matter.
The clerks oxecutive will get in touch
with Victoria clorks, with a view to a
further delegation to the govornment
regarding the immediate appointment of
of tho wage board.
Many   Other   Unions   Contemplating
Placing Their Memberships on
the Mailing List
Commencing August 1 fifteen hundred members of the Boilermakers
Union will be placed on the mailing list
of the B. C. Fedorationist. This action
was taken by the union at its regular
business meeting last Monday. The
entire membership of tho Carpentera
Union at Prince Rupert have also been
placed on the list. Several other unions
throughout the province are also contemplating getting the Federationist
to thoir membership, na aro also the
few remaining unions in tho city of
Vancouver. With the signing up of
the Boilermakers Union practically all
thc big unions ia the city are now on
thc mailing list.
Trouble  Over Hospital   Arrangements
Crops Up Again—Miners
Ask for Increase
J. D. McNiven, Deputy Minister of
Labor, left on Wednesday for the Slocan district, the difficulty as to the hospital nrrnngoments under the Workmon 's Compensation Act, which wns
reported some few weeks ago, having
cropped up again.
Mr. E. S. H. Winn, chairman of tho
Compensation Act Commission, and Mr.
Parker Williams arc accompanying Mr.
Mr. McNiven whilo in the district
will endeavor to settle some minor
troubles in the mining industry. The
Silvorton miners are asking for an increase of fifty eents por day. The
smelter mea nt Trail nnd the miners at
Rossland and Kimberly in the employ
in the employ of the Consolidated Company recoived an Incronso of 25 cents
per duy a short time ago,
The provincial government is opening a free omploymont burenu in Vancouver; it will bo situated nt 140 Cordova Stroot. W. S. Dickson and B. H.
Young, both Vancouver men, will be
in charge. R. H, Young is u member
of  the Grout  War Voteiuns.
secure rhe friendship and mark the engagement. In this
way you are sure that the appreciation of the ring will be
genuine aud deep and laBting, because the quality and
beauty of Birks1 rings aro well-known. Tou have a do-
finite guarantee that Birks' Diamonds—no matter how
much or little you pay for
• IV    _     them—are   the  HIGHEST
"     *"      QBADE   THAT   MONET
A particularly good assortment of gentlemen's getn-
set and signet rings.
Fine Diamond. In Fine SatUnn
090. E. TBOBBY. Hu. Dir.
Don't .low awn row -roan Mik In
anj old conn wben It _ in dum
from burglars or flre.
The Merchant. Bank ol Canada ol*
ten yoa perfect safety lor roar
mone-r, and will (Ire 70a tall banklnf
aerrioe, whether roar aeooant Is large
or email.
Interest allowed  oa .avian depo-
O. Jt. STAOET, Manager
OraarUlo and Fandor
W. O. JOY Manager
Halting, aad Oarrall
Bank of Toronto
Assets  $84,000,000
Deposits    63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Strings Aeooant msy bs
opened at The Bank of Toronto
tn tbe names of two or more
penons. In theae account! either
party mar ilgn cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
a family or a firm a Joint account ta
often a great convenience. Intereit tl
paid on balancea.
Vancouver Branch:
dormer Haatlnis and Gambia Stmts
Branches at:
Victoria.  Merritt,   Nsw  Wsrtminrtar
439 Blcharda Street
If yoa are considering tho purchase
or sale ot Government or Municipal
bonds communicate with
736 OranTille St. Vancouver, B. O.
an AU Subjects and Persons
P. 0. Bex 627
Edmonton and District are due for
their Greatest Boom in History on account of:
(a) Rural prosperity—there has never
been a crop failure in its history.
(b) Thn Groat Oil Discoveries of Pence
River, House Hlvor, etc.
(c) Tlio Industrinl Development wh-ih
will follow-—the Installation of Natural
Gas for Fuel
Don't spend money for railway fare
until you are thoroughly informed that
what you want la here.
Write for information—confidential, tellable and prompt—enclosing fee.
Orovu,    Bridget    and    nillngt
Dr. Gordon
Open evenings 7:80 to 8:80,
Dental nurse In attendance.
Over Owl Drag Store
Phons Ssy. 0838
At a meeting of thoso Interested in
athletics, hold at the Wallace Shipyards, it was decided to form a Wallace
Shipyards athlotic club for tho purpose
of promoting interest in athletics and
generally to tako up training in all
kinds of outdoor sports. Mahon Park
recreation ground was selected for the
training Hold. Tho promoters expect
to havo a membership of at least a
thousand after thoy get rightly underway, aud of this number at least 250
will be active members.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Send in your printing orders to the
B. C. Federationist. Our figures cannot be beaten.
At the J. N, Harvey Union Clothing Stores	
We Have Fine Stocks Now of
Gloves, Shirts, Pants
and Union-made Overalls
WE ARE desirous that every union man in B. C.
should know the "Red Arrow" union stores, and
take full advantage of the service.
We give preference to union goods as far as they
can be procured.
We want you to look over our stock, and suggest
where improvements can be made to suit your requirements.
Working Gloves—In large assortment, including
linemens, loggers, laborers, mechanics, carpenters,
motormens, etc. Prices range according to make
and quality—50c, 75c, $1.00, $1.50, $2.00, $2.50, $3.00
and up.
Working Shirts—Prices $1, $1.50, $2, $2.50 to $3.00
Working Pants-$2.00, $2.50, $3.50, $4, $5 and up
Union-made Overalls—$1.50 to $2.50
Combination Suit Sale Saturday—Watch our window and evening papers of Friday.
Two Big Union Stores for Men
in British Columbia
Hastings St. W.
Also 614-618 Yates St., Victoria, B.C.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign	 FBIDAY...
..July 19, 1918
I'll leave it to you—
Last woek, in this spaco, the VAN LOO folks showed 70a their
now tin container in which they pack their threo-fora-quarter sizo.
I told Mr. Carter and Mr. JeffrieB, president and secretary, that
you fellows wore not interested in the package. What yon wanted
to know about was the VAN LOO cigar itself.
I claimed that if you knew how VAN LOO waa made in its big,
bright sunlighted UNION factory—how good it is with its cool,
fragrant Havana mellowness—you would at leaat give it a trial.
To prove it to them I said, "I'll write aix or eight ads telling
(the boys who read the 'FED.' about VAN LOO and well leave
it to them."
You see, I fielt pretty sure about it as I 'vo been smoking VAN
LOO—six to ten a day—for over a year and' I know just how good
they are.
Try one. Neiti woek I'll toll you how I happened to try VAN
5c, 10c and 3 for 25c
Rumor is current to the effect that
Mrs. J. H. McGill and Mr. T. Mat-
■ thews are to be appointed to act with
Deputy Minister of Labor McNiven on
thu Minimum Wage Board for womon.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
Plenty  ofl  Competition  ln  the   Big
Programme of Spots—Names
of Winners
The fourth annual picnic of the Vancouver Letter Oarriers to Bowen Island
on Saturday proved to be a most enjoyable affair. All told about 300 carriers and their friends participated in
the outing. Undoubtedly the feature
of the picnic was the sports programme,
which attracted large entries in each
event. Competition was keen throughout. Following iB a list of the results
and the officials:
Starters—Juniors, J. Griffiiths; seniors, E. D. Manders; judges, Messrs.
Bean and Dodd; refreshments, Messrs.
L. C. Carl, A. R. Cook, H. P. Evans
and H. S. Flood.   Results:
50 yardB, girls 5 to 8 years—First,
MisB M. Wind; second, Miss N. Dodd.
50 yards, boys 5 to 8 years—First,
Master Barratt; second, Master Wynn.
75 yards, boys 8 to 14 years—First,
J. Griffiths; second, J. Marriott.
75 yards, girls 8 to 14 years—First,
Miss Iver; seeond, Miss Batland.
100 yards, mon (open)—First, D.
Murphy; aeoond, H. S, Flood.
50 yards, ladies (open)—First, Mrs.
J. Gray; second, Mrs. A. Nicholson.
50 yards, members * wivoB race—
Fint Mrs. A, Shandley; second, Mrs.
J. Wright.
75 yardB, returned) soldierB—FirBt, L.
Hemming; second, D. Murphy.
Chicken-chasing event—G. Harris.
Committeo men's goat race—L. C.
Carl, H. S. Flood.
Whistling raco (six prizes), ladies-
Mrs. Hardman, Mrs. Fisher and Mrs.
Iver. Men, H. S. Flood, J. Holland
and D. J. McCarthy.
Mr. T. Cullen presented the prizes
to the variouB winners.
Trades and Lahor Conncil.
Friday, July 21, 1893
Geo. St. Quentin and Dan O'Dwyer
(painters), H. McKee and J. E. Patterson (E. of L.), J. H. Connor (plumbers)
took seats as delegates at the couneil.
State of trade: Stonecutters and carpenters, dull; steamshipmen and painters, fair.
Decided to celebrate Labor Day on
Saturday, August 26, 1803, with trades
procession and games at Brockton
Point. Joseph Waldrop, of the Populist
Party, Portland, Ore., to deliver the
oration of the day.
W. Elliott, steamshipman, added to
Oar Farewell Play
On next Monday night the Empress Stook
Company will present for their farewell play
before going on their vacation the very latest
Irish comedy, "My Irish. Cinderella," and
all who remember those * delightful plays,
"Little Peggy O'Mooro" and "Daughter of
Mother Maohree," wtll agree that we have
selected an excellent type of play tor onr
closing week. After this play Is over the entire company will take a much needed rest
before opening September 2 for our fall and
winter season. Miss Marriott will be teen
as the Irish colleen In this delightful story
and all who remember her In "Peg O' My
Heart" know what a treat ts in store for
them. "My Irish Cinderella" was written
by Cecil Spooner, a clever Brooklyn social
actress, who played it with wonderful success In Maw York, and this will be the aecond produetion west of Chicago. The story,
whloh contains a beautiful love romance, has
a superabundance of that clever comedy
which made "Peggy O' Moore" such a like-
ablo piny. Mr. Wm. Heater, who Is respon*
Blbls for all our beautiful scenery, is pre*
paring his greatoat efforts for our closing
weok and It Is the intention of tho ontlre
cast to make this play a crowning blase of
glory to closo our wonderful season of 57
solid weeks. ***
Unfortunately our enormous stock of Men's and Boys' Clothing and Furnishings has been damaged by fire. This stock, before the fire, was the highest
grade of its kind in Vancouver.,
Many articles in our store cannot be replaced today at any price.
(Mews Item, June 8)
Early Sunday Fire
Damages Olothing
Fire at an early hoar Sunday
morning did considerable damage
to the clothing storo of tho Jonah-
Prat Company at the corner of
Hastings and Homer Btroets, The
blazu Is supposed to havo started
from a hot Iron In the roar of the
premises. Mr. Prat had closed tho
store at 11 o'clock Saturday night
and when the blase waa discovered
at 4 o'clock Sunday morning It
had galnod considerable headway.
Mr. Prat was nnable to estimate tho damage, but It was considerable, not only from flre but
from water and chemicals used by
the tiro department in extinguishing it. Chief Barrett of the dispatch got the owners down to the
store in a hurry. For a time
the flre raged so fiercely the blase
shot halfway across * Hastings
Street. This Is the store formerly
owned by Mr. Mickey Richardson.
You have never had a chance like this before and
you may never have another. When your friends
tell you of the wonderful bargains they got at the
Fit-Rite Fire Sale—what will you say? Where will
you stand? Remember, an opportunity once lost
seldom presents itself again.
Everything saved from the flames must be sold in
short order.
Don't wait too long! Something you may be in need
of will be grabbed by others.
Raincoats,  Overcoats, Prince  Alberts,  Tuxedos,
Dress Suits, Business Suits, Boys' Suits, Extra
Pants, Furnishings, etc. Everything You Wear But
"It's an ill wind that blows no one good."
Our loss is your gain.
Why the Shipyards Are Idle in Victoria
Only Finns Financed by Eastern Oapital Oan Oet Contracts
First Aid to Working Class
Inmates of Political
[By Tom Dooley]
It has often been said that we should
not bring politics into the trade unions,
because trade unions are not political
institutions, but organizations for raising the wages of the workerB, and
there their usefulness ceases. This is
the cry of the master, and quite
Sale Starts Saturday, 20th, at 10 a.m.
401 Hastings St. W.
Fit-Rite Clothing Parlors
Union Store
The Jonah-Prat Co.
number of workers have absorbed this
doctrine to their own detriment. I am
reminded of this because of a discussion I had today with a working
man. This is the Hne of argument he
put forward. This is the argument of
the average unthinking workingman.
Now if the working man ever had a
chance of learning the necessity of political aetion, it is in the fact of the
election of the returned soldier to the
legislative assembly in the City of Victoria. The returned soldier, while he
kept his organization aa a Returned Soldiers Olub (a kind of employment
bureau), he didn't get anywhere. He
got an odd job now and again and that
was all. The government simply took
no notice of him, no more than it did
of tho ordinary trade unionist. The
soldiers held demonstrations and all to
no purpose. They were always put ofl
with promises, and "leave it to us."
But now tho returned soldiers saw that
to hold demonstrations and pans resolutions didri't cut any ice. with tho government, so made up their minds to try
political action, and already it has
borne fruit. I understand that there
has already como a communication from
tho government that a company of ton
returned soldiors aro to go up to the
northern district to look over somo
land for settlement for tho returned
moo, so it seems they havo done more
for thc returned soldier, by electing
ono of their number to the house, than
they would havo done by passing all
thc resolutions in the world.
Why should we, as trade unionists,
be content to pay our money and pass
resolutions at our congresses and send
them to the house every year, only to
be turned down overy timet It is a
sheer waste of time and good money.
Tho members of parliament simply ignore them; the same as they did the
resolutions from tho returned soldiers.
It is time we woke up to the fact that
if we have any brains we should use
thom in our own interests.
Why should we work in our trado
unions for three hundred and sixty-four
days in the year, fighting tho master for
a raise in our wages, and thon on the
three hundred anil sixty-fifth, elect the
master (whom we havo boen fighting)
to parliament, and thon sond him a
resolution begging for crumbs! Why
not elect our own men thoro, and then
we should not need to send any resolutions, but send our men with a mandate to have laws put upon tho statute
books in the interest of the common
people? Wc complain of tho Chinaman
and Jap, and ask why is ho here in
our midst? Lot us ask ourselves who
or what interest is responsible for
bringing him here! Thc answer will
be the Liberal und Conservative governments and the intorests they represent. And who elects the Liberal and
Conservative governments! Why, thc
working men,, largo numbers of whom
nro trade unionists at that. Will we
novor havo nny sense f Are wc always
to be hoodwinked! Como now, boys, it
is time we were up and doing. Whut is
thc difference botwoon thc Liberal nnd
Tory parties, anyhowf Are they not
both composed of lawyers on the make,
shareholders, employers and dividend
ii miters, whoso interests are opposed to
ours! And they both keep us divided
sn that they can rule! What is their
battle-cry! The Liberals say "Wo believe in economy with efficiency," and
tho Tories my "We bolieve in efficiency with economy." Now whnt is
the difference between thom!
They drive yuu to the polling booth
on election day in their motor cars, and
when the election is over they have
their cars fumigated} and if you happen to be coming home from work, tired
out, the chancoa are that the same member, the day after olection, would run
over you (und it is nil you would deserve).
Como, boys; do a bit of thinking.
Throw off the chains that bind you;
lot the scales drop from your eyes;" get
a larger vision. All tho wealth of the
world is produced by the worker, and
nil that he asks is a living wage. The
workers spend millions of dollars in
their unionB In trying to keep this wnge
up to a decent standard of subslstanco.
Thev nre not always successful at that.
The Socialist has told us that our
wages were bused, on the nvernge, on
the cost of our living, but many of
us have resented it, but with fo many
strikes and lockouts thc truth of it
hns been driven home to us more and
Conciliation in connection with the
Btreet railway Btrike that the eost of
living in Vancouver and vicinity was
lower than that of any other city in
Canada with the exception of St.
John, N. B., no doubt was received
with incredulity in aome quarters.
Bat the laat issue of The Labor Gazette, the official publication of the
Department of Labor at Ottawa,
Bhows that the finding is substantially correct. While it ib true that the
average weekly budget per family in
British Columbia, according to. the
May report, was slightly greater than
tho average of any in the other provinces, thiB was due to the higher cost
of commodities in interior provincial
communities and others more or less
remote from the chief sources of supply. Tho budgeta of the coast cities
are considerably lowor. Furthermore, presumably the Conciliation
Board is in possession of more recent
returns from the Labor Department
than those which appeared in the
May report. The department obtains
this data from its correspondents in
the various provinces most, if hot all
of whom, are well-known tradeB
unionists. The cost of living in Victoria and Vancouver is stiff enough
but the average Torontoian views
our market prices with envy. A few
years ago we did tho envying."
From the foregoing it seems that the
Socialist comes pretty near the truth.
And if it is the truth (and I believe it
is) we are in a worse position than
the chattel slaves of old. The chattel
slave, if he had a good master, did not
need to worry ovor hiB grub—it was always there at meal time. If ho took
Btck the master would get him the best
doctor he could, because tho master
owned him body and soul and could
not afford to lot him die. Ho had paid
too much good money for him to take
any chance of losing bim. If the slavo
had a bad master he would try to run
away. The master usually kept dogs to
chase him and fetch him back tb, work.
But we, the free born wage slaves,
do not need dogs to brings as back.
To seo the average worker, who thinks
ho is not a slave, running to catch the
in the FOBD Tailoring establishment, because we admit the
Bights of Labor to, live and
work under proper and decent
conditions and to earn a wage
consistent with skill and experience, and demanded by the
nigh cost of living and, as to
the customer, well, "the customer is always right;" that's
the Ford idea, and it is on
these principles of equity to
both worker and wearer that
ire made, and tk« Tori business is being built up.
Highest gride woollens -ensure quality—exact measurements and individual drafting
ensure perfect It and highest
quality expert workmanship,
complete the sum tetil ind ensures Perftct Satisfaction.
of highest grade
$35, 840, 945, $50
A fine, fat, tasty fish
5c per pound
or 6 lbs. for 25c
Plenty of Smoked and Fresh Fish
car in tho morning that is to convey I The report of tho Trades Council
him to the slave pen, would mnke the was unavoidably abbreviated owing to
average chattol slavo rub his oyes and the electrical slonn causing n break-
wonder if ho was crazy. down in the composing room.
moro. Tako tho
(of Instance, H
in the Victoria
"The conclusion  of the Board  of
ihflG of tho car strik
ro wc hnve an arHcli
Daily    TJmoS,    which I PAGE SIX
There's no excuse
for a poor overall
—and there's no reason why you should have
to wear an ill-fitting, badly-made work
QECAUSE it is so easy to get the best—all you
** have to do is to ask for it by name—there's no
reason why you should tolerate anything else than
the best.
So insist on the Overalls
>:*.     That bear this brand:
11'. *   Sill
•■pWIN BUTES are ma<Jg b? the very best cloths
* which British; Canadian and American mills produce; And the Workmanship an each garment is
thorough. Seams are double-stitched, buttons are
rivetted on, pocket corners reinforced, and each garment reinforced where the wear comes heaviest.
TWIN BUTE work garments wear like iron.
There's a style for every trade.
Tel em tt te j-nmlf te mswM
Wonld yon eonildu It .oononleel to
purchase Teas and Ooffeaa tn tins
whan 70a mar ha« th. same vain,
from onr storo at a mneh rodneed
Wa lell in lnlh OnU
-Mel-sou's Teas aad Coffees Are ef
■sesftlaail Value
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee   '
817 Oolunhla Bt Mom ley. 613
- CAFE -
under new management
156 Hastings Stntt Weit
nam Sit- SSS
Two- piece, per suit........$1.0O      Combinations (1.25
DELFARK COMBINATIONS, with knitted waists, from $1.50
per suit up.
DUCK TROUSERS, per pair $2.00
Flannel from $4.00 to $7.50
SPORTS AND NEGLIGEE SHIRTS-Latest shades from $1.60
CARHARTT and other good Union overalls always kept in
Conserve Your Supply
of Wheat Flour
AND at the same time render valuable service to
your country and the great Allied cause by a
wise and exacting use of good, dependable substitutes.
You will find excellent baking properties and the
most wholesome food qualities in such widely approved cereals as
(The Canada Pood Board has now made thc use of a certain
proportion of cereal "substitutes" obligatory in all Canadian
Ask your Grocer i'or some one of tlie substitutes named
above when ordering Flour for your baking.
Royal Standard Mills
(Millers of the famous "Royal Standard Flour")
An Enquiry
Editor B. O. FederationiBt: Would
you kindly answer through your paper
tho following question:
Under the ruling of Mr. Justice Murphy in tho shipbuilding dispute, the
carponters who worked in tho shipyards
controlled by the Imperial Munitions
Board, for *$4.50 per day for three
months, they were then to receive $6.00
per day, nnd that 50 cents per day must
bo refunded to them. Was that a compulsory ruling or only a suggestion to
be ratified by Senator Robinson!
Reply by Editor
In thc ilrst cbbc the ruling was laid
down by Justice Murphy that this 50
oents per day, which was a reduction in
wages, made by the I. M. B. from tke
rates they wero paying prior to tke
findings of the Macey eommission as to
the rating of houso carpenters who were
working in tke shipyards, should be refunded, but as thc award of Mr. Justice
Murphy was not accepted, and the
strike took place at a later date, tho
settlement was arrived at through tke
efforts of Senator Robertson, konce the
Murphy award did not lay down the
terms of the settlement. But the basis
of settlement was that tko house carpenters should receive the same rates of
pay as the shipwrights, "a contention
that had always beon made by the
house carpenters/' and that the 50
conts per day deducted by the I. M. B.
and accepted under protest, waa to be
refunded, and tho settlement was arrived at on that basis, and the carpenters
that had that amount deducted from
,tkeir wages ar© entitled to receive thc
50 cents per day, as well as thieir re-
troaetive pay, as from tUe 1st of Feb-
Editor B. C. Federationist: Do ye
unto others as ye would that others
should do unto you, is not a bad motto.
There would be equal justice in the
motto, "Do others as they do unto
you." Funny start, eh? But it has
Borne bearing. In our Herald on Sunday
last, I noticed the -editor spoke of the
fuel controller discriminating against a
certain company on tho Island. He
went'on to point out how unfair it was
to penalize "efficient management for
whom the Herald editor wails so pite-
ouBly, are most efficient' fighters of
unions, having a style of their own in
conducting their campaign of tyranny.
Would it be too much to suggest that a
Biblical quotation aptly fits the case?
What ye sow, ye shall reap. Intimidation, discrimination and blacklists arc
no strangers to the Western Fuel Company, yet their pet organ wails when
the government fuel controller in carrying out his work, conscientiously, I sup*
poBe, find that tho Western Fuel Company does not need the advance in
priceB that the other Island companies
need. It would be highly improper to
suggest that the Fuel Controller was
attempting to mete out different treatment to a company that was unfair to
organized labor for that reason, for
there is naturally no connection between controllers and Labor organiza*
tions. I don't know much about tho
laws of the country, but I have heard
some mention of it being illegal to boycott any concern, but that you can place
a concern on the unfair list. Well, seeing Vancouver is so well organized, and
struck against '' scab juice'' some time
ago, I would liko to know if union men
in Vancouver would not be doing the
right thing by demanding union label
coal! I have read lots about demanding union labels. Of course, if the. miners here went to the Western Mercantile storo and asked for union label
goods, it would be another way of booking your passage single on the Princess
Pat over to Vancouver. Tou would
have no use for the return ticket to
Nanaimo. I would like to hear of ihe
Trades Council of Vancouver taking up
the question of buying union label coal,
as well as union label clothes, boots,
bread, etc. South Wellington operators
deal with the union. The Jingle Pot
Company has been generally very fair
with their employees, but the Western
Fuel Company means non-union every
time, as far as they are concerned. So
in case the union men of Vancouver
may be unknowingly buying the product of non-union labor, I thought I
would just send these few lines along.
Thanking you for tho space, yours
Nanaimo, B. C, June 15,1918.
Note by Editor—It would be a sign
of good faith if the miners of Nanaimo
organized*, beforc asking the support of
the tradeB unionists of Vancouver, in
either placing coal on the unfair list,
or in any other manner in which they
might bo of assistance, and we havo no
doubt would bo willing to assist in any
suggested, as thoy have done in the
past, providing the minors ahow that
thoy are doing something for themselves and a request along the lines suggested would no doubt receive a ready
response, were it received from tho
Nanaimo local of the United Mino
RusBlans Protest
Editor B. C. Federationist: The following resolution was passed by thc
Russians of all nationalities at a mass-
meeting in Toronto: "The local Soviot
of Russian Workers and Peasant Deputies, asks your favor in printing this
resolution and mako known to the people of Canada the spirit and feelings of
true Russian workers:
, "We emphatically protest ngninst
any invasion into Russia, whether it bo
that of Japun or of any other nation.
"The Russian nation does not ask
any nation to take upon itself the work
of restoring ordor there. They will be
ablo to do it themselves in due courso
of time, without outside interference,
"Invasion is invited by thoso only
who are traitors to Russia, and to the
Russian people, aud whose ends arc
mercenary gains.
"All acts of derision regarding Russia, or the cause of tho workers, will be
inscribed in the world's history, nnd
will never be forgotten by intelligent
working peoplo the world over.
"We also request of tho Canadian
government to pay attention to tho derisive treatment Ihe Russian subjects
are often receiving here, and trust the
government will take mensuros to prevent it in tho future."
t Liberty Defense Union
Editor B. C. Federntionist: With
their general chairman, Charles VV. Irwin nominated by tho Socialist Party
for governor .of New York State, on a
platform demanding the right of free
Bpccch on public questions, tlio workerB
in the Liberty Defense Union, of 138
West 13th street, New York, are tackling with increased vigor the task of
raising a $50,000 fund for the defense
of persons prosecuted in the exercise of
their right of free speech.
"With cases arising every wook in
various parts of the c^Untry, every cent
that can be raised will be needed if
the comrades are^to have tho legal defense to which they are entitled," said
Harry W. Laidler, secretary of the Intercollegiate Socialist Socioty, and, ono
of tho founders of the union.' "We
want to be in a position to render effective aid, not only in the big cases
of well-known leaders, but also in tho.
numerous smaller cases where the defendant has- little or no following and
no organization to back him."
In response to the emergency appeal
of the I. W. W. for funds with which
to carry on ithe defonse of 101 members
now under trial in Chicago the union
has mado a special appropriation of
$500. "
The deep interest that Labor takes in
the preservation of tho right of free
speech is manifested in the large number of contributions coming to the Liberty Defense Union from the working-
class organizations. Both the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
and the International Ladies Garment
WorkerB Union havo expressed thoir
approval of the work of the union, and
contributed $100 to it. Local 25 of the
I> L. G. Wr U. donated recently a fine
of £5 imposed on one of the shops under
its jurisdiction. A like amount has been
contributed by Brewers Union No. 5,
Philadelphia, and $10 by Hosiery Work-
esr Local 696, of the same city, while
32 workmen in the machine shopB of
the Illinois Steel Co., Gary, Ind., have
made up a purse of $32 for the work of
the union.
Individual workingmen are also contributing generously, one of the insurgent members of the "Big Six" Typographical Union, New York, having
sent $5, and Sam Shcnker, general secretary, and Max Margolie, business
agent of Local 10, 1.1. G. V. U. taring
pledged a dollar a month '' as long as
Contributions toward the "Labor De-
fense Fund, of the union should be addressed to tho treasurer, Frederick A.
Blossoin, 138 W-est 13th stroet, New
York. Monthly pledges are particularly desired, the treasurer says.
Do Coming Events Oast Their Shadows
Editor B. C. Federationist: In days
of old, when the forest was not swarming with tailors, cobblers, etc., who by
tho aid of a "drag," have evoluted
into flre wardens, consequently conflagrations were frequent and terrible,
and the denizens of the woods would
have to flee before the devouring element. On such occasions, the lion, wolf,
fox and rattler would drop their natural
pugnacity, and social conditions would
be such that Petor Rabbit and Mrs.
Grouse might, fraternize with them in
safety, a regular high old Bolsheviki
time of harmony, would prevail in the
presence of the common danger. The
hatchet was buried so to speak, and the
great game of "eating" or "being
eaten" was postponed for a time.
It seems to me that a similar episode
took place a few days ago in tho oity
of Vancouver, noted far and wide for
the godliness, drouth and patriotism of
itB pay trio ts, and the mule like spirit
of obstinacy that is developing among
its working plugs.
A bunch of "prominent" citizens,
composed of flnnncial jugglers, I mean
giants, with a sprinkling of preachers
and other uplifters, who have been doing the poor good and plenty for a long
time, met the fathers of the city to implore them to preserve our cops from
thc contaminating influence of unionism.
While "carrying on" the business of
the class to which I belong, I was once
interrupted so abruptly, that I had to
conceal myself in a union hall. My
position prohibited me from seeing, but
from what I could hear, I believe they
conjured up his satanic "Nobs" to inti-
ate a candidate,' and the oath the
victim had to take and the diabolical
rites performed were simply damnable.
The orgy of MacBoths witches or a degree '' noch teBt'' of the Orangemen or
Knights of Columbus, was tamo compared with it.
Possessing this knowledge, I must
agree with the object of the delegation.
As cops ought to exiBt for our excluaive
use, and must form no '' entangling alliances" with thc working plugs, as wo
may have to eliminate a few of the
most turbulent of them in the near
future, and as our militia has nnother
job on hand at presont we havo no one
else to do it, and it looks too much like
a useful occupation for us to undertake
I also note that his "riverince" was
among the bunch, and gave timely warning of the Bolsheviki tendencies of
these working plug combinntions.
In my youthful days, I used to Bpend
the greater portion of the'' Sawbawth''
under the "word," as interpreted by
the followers of John Calvin, The pope
and the Roman Catholic church wero
denounced as anti-Christ, tho hurlo.t, or
the boast with seven heads and ten
horns, or vice versa, according to tho
Intelligence or enthusiasm of the expounder.
Our Baptist and Methody brethren
were no Icbb diffident in expressing their
disapproval of the idolatrous autica, and
money grabbing (schemes of the institution which'hiB "riverince" represents,
and these sentiments were reciprocated
In our copy of that manuscript which
we blame on God, we are told that the
soub of God had gathored together to
discuss some heavenly topic, when Satan also appeared among them.
Can it be that this is a case of history repeating itsolf, or was that peaceful gathering of wolvos and lambs or
sheep in wolves' clothing, tho product
of a sense of impending danger, as in
tho case of the beasts of the forest!
Personally, I believo it was a fatal
error, when our forefathers allowed a
fresh bunch of grafters to start opposition to the grand old institution with
its special machinery for keeping tho
proletariat where it belongs. In fact
it looks like another illustration of tho
adage, "when thieves fall out, etc."
However, if we tnke a long, strong,
pull, or a pull together as they say at
sea, we mny bo able to pull the wool
over tho eyes (if working plugs again
nnd make tho world safo for democracy for somo time to comGI
Nelson, B.C., July 10, 3018.
Editor   B.   C.   Foderationist:—Dear
Friend und Comrade.   Just u few moro
FBIDAY. July i&j nan*
lines to say hello from a hell-hole.
Well, we are still continuing the grind,
to court and back again, every day,
and have been doing the samo since
April 1st.
We are having our innings now. Job
conditions, hours of labor, wages paid
and the old crummy bunkhouses are being told to the jury every day, not
forgetting a few murders and a number
of clubbings wo have received by the
hand of John Law and the dirty gunmen, also vigilante committees in this
land of .democrapy, which is the Bole
cauBe of two. hundred and fifty thousand workers being lined up in the
O. B. U.
The capitalists seem to be determined
in hampering the defence, for whore
they find one of our follow workors
trying to raise funds to help defend us
he is arrested on some frivolous, framed
up charge, held in jail for a weok or
two and thon turned looso. So you seo
what a chanco we have, but in spite of
their dirty work we are keeping up.
The day is not far off when tho tables
will turn and extra large sized overalls
will be in ordor. But just watch thom
diminish in size as the work goes on.
The Federationist is still read by the
bunch and it is certainly some paper.
We noto the way the slaves are going
after the thieves by the union method,
which is the only wny. For Labor
never at any tiine received anything
that they did not got through their economic powor, and organization is the
right way to spell power. So organize and we will soon be in possession
of ours.   I will close for this time.
I remain,
Youra for Ours,
Cell 42, Cook County Jail,
Chicago, Ills., July 9, 1918.
As to Burial Servico
To the Editor of The Federationistt:
On June 28, at Surf Inlet, our old
friend and comrade James Dack was
accidentally drownod, and those that
knew his principles thought that ho
would wish to bo buried among his
friends in Nanaimo, so one of his comrades brought the body down and he
was buried under the auspices of the
Federated Labor Party and. tho Cooperative Society. Personally speaking,
I might say he was a young man with
a principle and was not afraid io tell
others what that principle wns, and he
would have preferred to live hore, but
coal corporations don't want men with
There is oae question that should
bo dealt with by the Federated Labor
Parity, that is an up-to-dato burial service—one that would portray tho ideals
the men and women of our party are
striving for; also how we are endeavoring to inaugurate into society a system that will prevent thousands of men,
women and children from being forced
into premature graves. We have had
quite a number of burials hero in
which the mourners havo refused to
have any roligtyus service at the graveside. One of our eomrndes, who was
at one time a local, preacher, refused
to have any Bervice at the funeral of
his wife, and if we had an up-to-date
burial service I am suro he would havo
accepted it aa he is a very intelligent
and advanced thinker. The ministers
take every ndvantago of the sympathetic attitude of the people at thiB
particular time, and I think wo could
do them and society more good by telling them the ideals the departed ono
and Mb comrados that are left behind
are struggling for. As it iB just as
natural to die as it is to be born and
live, we Bhould tell the naked truth
about the conditions and the life we
live. We should explain to those at
the graveside how easy it would be
to mako this old world a fit place for
civilized human beings to livo in, and
in thiB way we can transform a burial
day from one of gloom and tears to
one of sunshine and hope of the future.
Dining Car Probe
Concluded on Tuesday
(Continued from page 3)
union, let the men out"
Mr. McVety said that the discharging
of the men was shown to be heaviest
on the sections most strongly organized,
men being released '' en bloc, for better
"Among those men were returned
soldiers who had 'done their bit/ and
who had' come back and fitted themselves in the industrial niches they
were fitted for, married men, men who
by training or constitution were able
only to do the work of tho dining car
service. The contention of the company that they had been displaced because of pressure brought to boar by
the citizens of the country was not
borne out in the evidence,'' he declared.
He believed the evidence showed otherwise. The officers of the company had
told the men the company would discharge them if they organized.
No Correspondence File
Mr. McVety grew sarcastic over the
fact that the company was unablo to
produce any correspondence file dealing
with the subject of replacing the white
help with colored. The company had
said the arrangements had all been done
verbally or by telegraph. The company's usual method, ho snid, was far
from this, and usually voluminous correspondence and complete flies were
maintained of overy move of all departments.
"It is preposterous," ho declared,
"for the company to attempt to con-
vinco reasonable men that there hns
been no correspondence, and that no file
has been kept on thia matter. Why, tho
onc letter produced bears in ono corner
the puncture made by a file pin," He
believed tho men were entitled to a decision on the evidence. Mr. Matthews
had Baid on the stand that it was the
policy of the company to discourage organization until such wns established1.
Helped Hen's Cause
"Not a single witness producod by
the men has had hia evidence shaken in
the least," said Mr. McVety, in conclusion. "I am thankful, too, for the evidence given by the witnesses produced
by the company. They, too, havo helped the mon'B case. I leave the evidence with the board confident that on
it there can be no other result than a
finding for the men."
The beauty of mental dynamite ia
that it is perfectly safe io handle, and
the only explosions it causes aro ox-
plosions of wrath on tho part of grafters who loso their hold on ill-gotten
gains in the oxnet proportion as tho
people grow wiser.
SEATTLE, WASH.—Union operators
who wero recently locked out by the
Postal Telegraph Company because of
thoir union affiliations havo been reinstated. Thirty-five operators were affected.
Shoe Bargain
for Men at
REGULAR $8.00 to $10.00 VALUES
We defy you to find Shoe value like this in the city—or even
get near it. We got a substantial priee concession when we
purchased 600 pairs when the Just Wright Shoe Company
closed their Northwest distributing depot, or the price we quote
would be impracticable. These same shoes are worth $5.95 at
wholesale today. Here in several different lasts, mostly in gunmetal calf and vici kid. All sizes. July Sale Price, pair $5.95
Men's Regular $5,00 Gunmetal Blucher Boots, $3.75
This is a genuinely smart boot, suitable for best or everyday
wear.   Made on a neat last with medium weight sole and mat
top.   All sizes, 6 to 11.   July Sale Pries $3.75
Men's $4.00 Baseball Boots, $1.65 Pair
Greatest bargains ever offered in the city in Baseball Boots.
Regulation professional calfskin baseball boots, with cleats.
Sizes 6% to 9.   July Sale Price, pair. $1.65
That Seattle telephone operators will
'have an oar in" at the formation of
their own branch international union of
the International Brothorhood of Electrical Workers to be formed at a
specially called convention of all
United States operators' local unions at
Buffalo, N. Y., August 12, was assured
when Local No. 42-A chose Irene Do-
Lanoy and May Duffy u& their delegates to the convention.
SEATTLE, WASH. — This city
claims to havo the distinction of having tho best paid icemen in the world.
Their hours of labor have been reduced
froin elovon to a basic eight-hour day,
with higher pay for overtime. Their
wages aro $125 per month, with 75
cents for overtime.
flnt ud third Thondays. Executive
botrd: Preildent, O. J. Kelly; vice-president,
P. W. Welsh; secreUry ud business Agent,
V. 8. Mldgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; ior-
But-at-arms, J, F. Poole; trustees; J. H.
oVety, W. 8* Trotter, A. 3, Crawford, F„
A. Hoover.— »    -  •
MeeU leeond Monde/ ln tht montk. Pros!-
dent,  Oeo. Butler; secretory,  B. H. Neelands, p.o. Box ee.
ol tke statement thftt oar Offlee Supplies
end Stationers' Snndriee etook ti tke beet
ln B, C. Come In and look u overt
Delivered to and from til trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone u dar or sight
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
in. taaaa       union nation
Mined on Pacific Coast
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
nit. MOO       16K Main Btatet
Refined Servioe
One Bleek west of Ooort House
Use of Modern Chapel and
Fgneral Parlors free to all
Telephone •oymoni 1485
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fino dreamy Lather
and Boes Not Dry on the Faot
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Rtick or Cake
Muiuf actured In British Colombia
1    tlonftl Union of America, Loeal No. 1IO—
Meete eecond end fourth Tuesdays In tke
, month, Boom 80S, Labor Temple.   Preeldent,
L. E. Herrltt; secretary, 8. fi. Grant, 1671
I Alberni etreet.
No. 817—Heeta every aecond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
Preeldent, B. W. Hatley, phone Fair. 2992L;
flnanclal secretary, O. Thorn; recording eec-
retary, J. B. Campbell; buiineu eg ent,
Walter Thomac, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Phone   Sey.   7496.
ud Iron Ship Bullden ud Halpera of
America, Vueoaver Lodgo Bo. MA—MeeU
every Monday, 0 p.m. Preeldent, M. A. Me*
Eachera, 1245 Alberni St.; sooretary-treai-
orer, Angus Fraeer, 1161 Howe St.; buiineu
•pent. J. H. Carmlehael, Booml 812, Labor
Loal 26—Meete every flnt Wednesday In
tbo month at 2.30 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in the month at 0.80 p.m. Preildent, Harry Wood; eecretary and business
agent, W. Mackenile, Room 209 Labor Tern-
;Te.   Phone Sey. 1081.   Offlee honre:  11 to
2 noon; 8 to 8 p.m.
Operating Englneera, Looal No. 820—
I Meets every Monday, 7.80 p.m.. Labor
Temple. President, J. B. Flynn, 810 Moodle
street, New Westminster; vloe-pmldent, D.
I Hodgee; secretary-treasurer ud bnilnws
[ent, W. A. Alexander, Boom 814, Labor
ample.    Phone Sey. 7498.
—Meets In Boom 805,    Labor   Temple.
every  Monday,  0 pjn.    Preeldent,  D,  W.
MeDougall,    1168 Powell atreet; neordlng
aeeretar/,   John Mordock,   Labor Temple;
[ financial secretary ud baoineee agent, I. H.
Morrison, Boom. 807 Labor Templo.	
eociatlon. Looal 8852—Offloo ud hall. 804
Pender etreet weat    MeeU  evarr Friday,
6 p.m,    Seoretary-treaeoror,    t. Chapmu;
business agent, L. Marsh.
(Marine Warehousemen ud Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 152 Cordova Eut.
Meets first and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Seeretary and builneia agent, E. Winch.
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 648—Mead
first ud third Tuesdays  of eaeh  month,
I Labor Tomplo, 0 p.m. Pntldent, B. W.
Lane; recording seeretary, E. Lofting: flnu
elal secretary ud bnsiness ngent, T. W. An*
derson, 687 Homer etreet. ,	
I America (Vancouver and vicinity)—.
Branch meets seeon*'1 and fonrth Mondsyi,
'Room 204, Labor Temple. Preaident, J.
Baoforth, Euclid Ave, Colllngwood East;
flnanolal secretary and business agent, H. 6.
Nlghtseales, 276—66th Avo East, South Vancouver; recording seeretary, E. Westmoreland, 3247 Point Grey road. Phone Bay-
view 3979L.
Riggers, I. L. A., Looal Union 38A, Series
6—MeeU tho 2nd ahd 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Preildent, J.
Sully; Inanclal secreUry, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding sscretary,
W. Hardy. Offlee, Boom 219-220, Labor
I Temple.
Sloyeee, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
or Temple, seeond and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; ncording iecretary ,A. V. Lofting, 8561 Trinity street,
.Phone High. 166B; financial soontary ud
busineu agent, Fnd. A. Hoover. 8409 Clark
I drive, offlee oorner Prior ud Main atresia.
-_-. -■ — *—* *'"" —" •""• "W"
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetings held
flnt Monday in each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, W.
I Lanen; reeordlng secretary, w. W. Hocken,
I Box 608; flnanclal eeentary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 608.	
' U-nra Union, Local No. 666—Meets overy
2nd und 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W. M. Brown; bnslnets agent, J. P. Poole,
, 245—19th Ave. East. Phone Fair. 2109X.
Ftnnnclul secretary, Bort Showier, 1120
RobBon St. Phono Sey. 6679. Office, 687
Homer St.
last Sundsy of each month at 2 p.m. Pre*
Mdent, R. Marshall; vice-president, W, H.
Jordnn; eecretarytreasunr, R. H. Neelanda,
I Box 66.
annual eonvention In January.   Executive
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan McCal*
,Ium, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vice-presidents—Vanoouver    Island,    Walter    Head,
I Sooth Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prinoe
Rupert, *W. E. Thompson; Vucouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcna Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Fernie. Secretary-treasurer, A. 6. Wells,
Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir atnet, Van*
couver, B, C,
Council—Meets aeoond and fourth Tuesdays of each month. In Carpenten' hill.
Pnsldent, 8. D. Macdonald; aecreUry, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Rupert, B. O.
Labor Counoll—Meets first and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, Nortb
Park street, at 8 p.m. Preaident, B. Simmons; vice-president, T. Dooley; secretsry-
treasuror, Christian Siverts, F. O. Box 302,
Victorin, B. C.
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets first 8unday in overy month S p.m., *
Richards Hall, President, Jas. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secretary, Jos. Fearon; financial societarv,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson. FRIDAY...
...July 19, 1918
Axminster Rugs
Much below today's market prices
OLD CONTRACT price protects you from paying
15 per cent, more for these Axminster Rugs. Our
famous Axminster Rugs are offered today for less
than wholesale price, because they were contracted
for and woven to our special order before recent
advances took effect. Our stock is limited—we advise early selection.
Size 4.6x 6.0 $13.50 l&Size 6.9x 9.0 .$29.50
Size 4.6x 7.6 $17.50     Size 9.0x10.6 $43.50
Size 6.9x 7.6. $24.50     Size 9.0x12.0 $49.50
Canada Food Board Licenses—Bakery, 5-1
Grocery 8*14590 j Confectionery, 11*103.
Bestanrant, 10-4485;
M OhpButJsonsBauiTompany. 1*2
\T J|   ... HiMWCun. »n    ««■—.■ umB.mut mi**.....**.*. 1 >»j^ I
Granville and Georgia Streets
A Startling Discovery in
the Medical World
The doctors have found that it is not always
possible to put a man out of business—
A. McKay Jordan, Diagnostician the Actino
Optical Institute, Ltd., has removed to 502 to
514 Orpheum Bldg.—Seymour 4565.
A story of Professional jealousy
Thirty-fourth Annual Session  to  Convene  at
Quebec Sept. 16
»Uyoi the'CiSar Mike _
Union-made Cigars. r e
iKWswiiitosMiuitinnMiiruTiawLuttioNii*-     '"~J—---^
<«iCt*M1Qf IheHfllWMAlUmiiMllittlliaMHUIMt.
IMN C<wu to HI M*miMikNl tM MM.
V -cMrv.1
There's a cause back
of every missing tooth
—and, nino times out of ten, tho cnusg is neglect or delay on your
Even if the tooth is .missing I ean roplaee it—as far as science
and dontal art can go—T can give you another which will do its
work and fill the gap so perfectly as to make detection difficult.
From, your point of view, howover, it would be much better to
see me before the tooth hns gone too far to remedy.
Let tale examine your teeth and advise you as soon u the least
defect develops—such a course is greatly to your advantage.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Om ul Bridie SjidillH
Ml Hastings Strset West, Oor. Seymour
Offlce Open Daily Until 6 p.m.
X-t»r Ins Mnn It nsess-
•iiTi   tu-j-ssr  (uiuhii
EnmlniUoDs  nude  on
phons •ppolntmsnts.
OppesUs Ute, T-rniW
viaoouw. b. o.
—BsstkoeHsn (or Lsbor Hid—
B«Im—7«o snd (1.00 psr iti.
•a.so pw w-wK eat et.
Oata it IsssouMs attee
Expert Rtpdn
Motors, Llghti, Belli, Telephones
The Jarvii Eleotric Oo., Ltd.
670 Richards Street
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowest Pouible Pasienger Farei
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
Telephone Sejntenr SM2
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
Becauee they an equal or better than any other similar products, let
them come from where they may
Cascade Beer
Alexandra Stout
55* Soda Water
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Lide of Least Resistance
fer the Civil Servant
Immigration and After War
Conditions to Be Discussed
as Well as Legislation
The official call for the thirty-fourth
annual convention of the Trades and
Labor CongresB of Canada, has just
been issued by Seoretary-treasurer Draper.
The convention will convene in the
City of Quebec at 10 a.m. on Monday,
September 16.
The fact that the convention ia in tho
far east should not deter any organization, that has the funds necessary to
send delegates, from doing so,. The
world is in a state of flux, and on Labor
rests tho responsibility as to tho future
of this and every othet country.
The call is issued to Provincial Feder*
ations of Labor, Trades and Labor
Councils, National Tradea Unions, Federal Labor Unions, and International
Local Trados Unions, and reads as follows:
The thirty-fourth annual session of
the Trados and Labor Congress of Canada will convene in the Provincial Parliament Buildings, City of Quebec, beginning at 10 o'clock Monday morning,
September 16, 1918, and will continue
in session from day to day until the
business of the convention has been
Last year the annual nieeting of the
Congress took place in the City of
Ottawa, the capital of Canada, and
the meeting waB marked by ever increasing evidences of advancement
along the highway of usefulness and
development. During the past yearB it
has been sought to give a fair opportunity to each part of this Dominion
to benefit by tho presence of tho Congress in yearly assembly; thus ihe
East and the Wost, the large commercial and industrial centres of the two
oldest provinces and the rising cities
scattered' ovor tho Dominion havo all
had their turns. This year we come to
Quebec, the historic provincial capital.
The war is about to enter upon a
fifth year of general devastation and
upheaval. As in the domain of legislation practically every question is laid
aside to devote evory energy to the
mighty task which tho gigantic struggle has imposed upon the country, so
with rtho Congress, vory many matters that would, under other
circumstances command special atten*
tion, have to be overlooked in order to
concentrate all efforts in the study
and solution of the exceptional problems that the present state of affairs
has necessitated. Like last year we
again call attention to ono vory special
subject, namely, the means to be adopted to protect resident Labor when,
aftor tho war, tho governmont will be
urged to. renew its efforts upon lines objectionable to Organizod Labor to induce immigrants to como to Canada
from all parts of tho World.
Thoro is much in tho legislation of
this year's federal session that will
command attention; and very much
also rogarding futnre legislation that
ia of vital intorest to Organized Labor
that should be carefully studied ont
and reported upon. The very best ability at the command of Labor ahould bo
brought into play during the progress
of tho Quebec meeting to fix standards
of .action for the immediate present and
to blaze out paths that must bo followed in the near future.
The particular attention of affiliated
organizations ia called to Article HI;
Section 2, governing the introduction
of resolutions, which roads:—
"Section 2.—That all resolutions for
the consideration of the Congress shall
bo received by the secretary-treasurer
not later than ten days prior to the
opening of the convention, the same to
be printed and issued at the opening
session of tho Congress. Resolutions
submitted contrary to this section oan
only bo introduced and dealt with by
the congress, on a two-thirds voto of
tho delegates present. Tho executive
shall appoint a committee on resolutions
from tho credentialed delegates and the
said committeo shall meet at least one
day prior to tho opening.of tho convention for the purpose of considering all
business submitted to them."
Neodless to horo repeat, what has
been reiterated yearly, about tho necessity of perfecting our organization. Tho
capitalist and the employer are perfectly organizod. At tho command of
thoso nro not only tho wealth but also
all the influences thnt can be secured;
talent, ability, legal acumen, directing
powors aro ail at their service. Tho
consequence is that it bchoovos tho
friends of Labor to moot thoso conditions with like weapons. This is a
situation that must be considered by
tho convontion and that will not brook
dolay. Not only must labor rendor permanent that which it has won in tho
gigantic strugglo for living, but it
must advance furthor and further oach
successive year along tho highway of
organization and watchful activity.
Lot thero bo no delay in the electing of dologntcs. To carefully select
thom and to send to tho convention
tho vory bost and most practical men
possiblo it is necessary to commenco at
onco. Delays often bring about re*
grettablo gaps in tho ranks when the
time comes for tho meoting. Wo noed a
vory strong and influential convention
thiB year—above oil other years—and
lmmedinto and careful as woll as efficient selection is imperative.
Representation and Election of
Tho Congress shall be composed of
dologotcs duly olocted ond accredited
from Provincial Federations of Labor,
Trades and Labor Councils, International Local Trades Unions, whoso por
capita tax is paid from headquarters on
thoir total Canadian membership in
good standing, Trados Unions, Fedoral
Labor Unions and National Trados
Unions in tho Dominion of Canada. But
in no case shall thoro bo moro than
ono central body to bo chnrtorod by
tlio Trades and Labor Congress of Can-
The basis of representation shnll bo
When are the Postal Employees and
the Railway Mail Clerks going to centralize their efforts for improved rates
of pay and conditions generally. The
postal service haa been divided up into
many sections, and any attempt to talk
one organization for all has met with
opposition. The clerk hitherto has been
thought to possess superior intelligence
to the mail carrier, and this idea along
with others haa been used to create
class distinction and the officials have
been used to keep the men from coming closer together.'
Changes are coining which cannot be
stopped, but of courso with those
changes will also oome the Civil Service
Act and its adminiatration, and there
hi the ''rub," the administration of
the Act, which may mean a rope around
the neck of a man all the time. It
would seem that any of the rights
now possessed by the civil servant,
rights which enable him to raise his
voice even under the rotten system of
patronage, will be ruled out of ordor.
If not before, at least then, wo can
look for a coming together of the
postal employees. There is one hopeful sign of organization to be observed
in the service, and that is the entrance
of the returned soldier into this kind
of work. Before tho war when a man
joined the postal service he got hia increases annually until ho reached his
maximum during a period of four or
five yearB, but when the war began
those in the service continued to get
their increases while any others joining
after wero given to understand that
there would be no more increases while
the country was at war.
Tho govornment loudly proclaimed
that the teturned soldier was to havo
preference over all others in being employed in the service'but said nothing
about this all important fact, that they
were going to employ him at a cheaper
rate than the civilian, and it would
seem that after doing his bit on the
fields of Flanders, he must contribute
still further by starting in at the lowest rate of pay consistent with substance, and atay thero until the war
is over.
Many men joined tho colors who were
receiving the maximum rate of pay
among the Mail Carriers, and were replaced by returned men at a dollar less
per day, and during tho war tho government haB reaped the benefit to the
tune of 4300 per year from this source.
It would have been moro humane to
havo given these men the miximum
rate of pay and exempted them from
having to put in the four years of ser*
vice usually applied to the civilian dur.
ing times of peace. "No." In spite
of the fact that tho job is harder to
the men they must put him in at the
as follows:—International Local Trades
Unions, whose per eapitax tax is paid
from headquarters on their total Canadian membership in good standing;
Trados Unions and Federal Labor
Unions shall be allowed one delegate
for each one hundred members or under,
and one for oach additional one hundred of majority fraction thereof.
Trades Councils and National Trades
Unions, threo delegates each; Provincial Federations of Labor, one delegate
bottom and keep him there? It would
seem that the returned soldiers' organizations have a duty td perform in re*
gtfrd to these men. A miserable job
at the pooreBt rato of pay is a very
poor reward from "our supposedly
grateful country." To run tho postal
systom at the expense of the returned
men is Burely a vicious policy, when
compared with the rights and privileges of the profiteers. Tho shot and
shell contained in the low grade pay
envelope or cheque* is as difficult to
bear to a man with a family as
"ruffing It with Fritzie."
The attitude of the government to
the returned man wonld appeal to be
like this: If you, Mr. Returned Man,
had joined the service one month be*
for the war broke ont you wonld have
continued* to get your increases annually, but because yonr brother joined
the service and went to the'front we
cannot give the increases to you, bnt
yonr brother is justly entitled to them,
and therefore he geta them, and yon
are left to struggle with the problem
of increased cost of living, a problom
much easier handled by your brother
who thought fit to atay at home.
It is up to the government to give
those men a square deal and stiok it
on the national debt. Nobody seems to
worry how or when the debt will, be
paid, and no one need to from the appearance of things. The figures are
mounting up to such dizzy heights that
one day we will agree to forget them,
maybe, as tho easiest way out of the
.Many of these men have had training in the Organized Labor Movement
and their duty at least is plain. There
is no hope in politics and tho law of
least resistance points to closer affiliation with the "Big" Labor Movement.
Bach of the respective branches of the
civil sorvice ought to get affiliated with
tho Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, and then that body ought, and I
beliove will, take up the question of
helping to form them into one organization of government employoes, and to
some extent stand betwoen them and
tho petty officials bo prevalent in some
of the large centres.
The civil servant will be well advised
to tako note of this word on organization and bring the matter to the attention of the conventions as they come
around, and prepare to meet the
changes by a closer affiliation with the
general Labor movement in Canada.
KINGSTON, ONT.-Some three
weeks ago tho Davis tannery discharged six employees for their activities in
forming a union with a chanter from
the United Leather Workors' International Union. That action resulted in
all the workers determining to cease
work until they were reinstated. The
management refused to consider such a
proposition. After an investigation by
the department of labor and a decision
being rendered adverse to the company,
it was not accepted, the firm hoping
that by that action the men would
weaken and return. The strikers remained firm. The entire labor movoment supported the strikers. A complete victory fags resulted. The men
were reinstated and all their other do*
"Pricei Oonuitent -with Your Poeketbook"
The New Bell
"Art" Pianos
Examine closely tto valuable Improvement* that
cannot be used bf any other Piano manufacturers: Patented Illimitable Repeating Aotion, Patented Steel Tone Suitainer, Mooie-proof Pedal*
Che Beautiful Sweet Tone and fine finish.
The New BeJI Art Pianos are strictly first-class,
and are built by the largest.concern of its kind
in the British Empire.
Eaay Termi or Oath.
, Manufacturers sole representatives.
Strong Police aad Military Measure!
Being Taken Againat WMte
and Native Strikers
Pretoria — Premier Botha of the
Union of South Africa, has issued a
statement showing that serious, unrest
exists in South Africa, Strong police
and military meaanres are being taken
to cope with the Bltuation*.
Premier Botha said that had not
prompt and effective military measures
been taken, the situation would have
culminated in a grave disturbance and
probably serious Toas of life. The Boer
leader added that tha government had
information pointing to the existence of
a movement having for its object the
submersion of the constitution by violent methods. The only facts published
heretofore have been of various strikes
by natives, minera and other elements
A dispatch from Johannesburg, said
that 3500 natives were out at the Ferro
mands were conceded. , Ipa Deep mtaM) wtawp(m ^ ^^
BUTTE, MONT.—After the members entered the compound and took away a i v.
of the Electrical Workers Union had quantity of secreted weapons. The au- is being' paid now, a ^Reat'reductioiTin
been on strike for a week, a govern- thorities also arrested 75 leadera of tho wagea can be made when war industries
meat mediator was called on to smooth natives without encountering resistance, aro no longer supplying a vaat army of
mm*    +1...    ..miUa A tf.iM    lu.^an    1....1. I  ftnn ttinnaOT.il   amv.ln-r.IAi> n« .!.« ........  nn. I _,.—    t_    .t-_ 1_     _ -     .        . • .. .
Big Job Fm-m. Working CtoH When <
tha War Industry Bis
Peter-id Oat       ,*?*?_]
More than 1,866,666 American womefi
are now engaged in war industries, according to a recent survey made under
the direction of the national league for
women's service.
In England, $3,660,000 women have
replaced men in business. During the
four years of the war the number of
womon in English government offices
increased front 66,000 to 113,000; the
number of women munition workera
from 2000 to 117,000; the nnmber of
women employed in banka from 8600 to
There will be a big problem for the
workers to settle when these war industries close down. Women munition
workers will seek work elsewhere, and
womon in other trades will not willingly
relinquish that work to men. Employers will fight hard to retain women
workers, because, no matter what wage
over the trouble.   After hearing both
eaoh; International organizations affil- sides he determined to award the strlk-
iatlng their Canadian membership from era an increase of tl a day, making
headquarters shall, be entitled to. one the wages J8 for eight hours. Overtime
delogate to be nominated from their I work is to be paid at. tho rate of price
Canadian membership. Two or more and one-half.
Trades Unions, whoso aggregate mem- —————.
bership does not exceod 160, ay unite Justice may be blind today; but ia
and send ono delegate. No proxy .the futuro it is going to bc all-seeing
representation will bo allowed. | We 've had enough of tho blind variety
Ono thousand employees of the town engineering department refused to work,
but returned to their stations before a
display of armed force.
ST. LOUIS, MO.—Negotiations have
resulted favorably for Sheet Metal
Workers Union No. 36, and, commencing immediately, tho new rates will be
75 cents per hour.
men in the work of destroying things.
Labor will have the biggest problem in
its history to tackle—unemployment of
millions of workers who have been pro-
duclng the wherewithal to carry on a
four years of war.
Tho workers who can win wars
ngainst autocracy, can run *the country
thnt they saved from aggression.
Factory Sale of Footwear
■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■SALE OPENS DAILY AT 9 O'CLOCKMnmniMHMHM
ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ     Owing to delay in transportation we thought these new goods would arrive too
late for our Factory Sale, but owing to local street railway difficulties we have
been compelled to continue our sale longer than expected. So these late arrivals
are placed on sale with our entire stock at Factory Cost. Hundreds of pairs of
high-grade boots, J. & T. Bell's, Hart's, Slater's, Hurlburt Welt, Buster Browns
and other well known makes whose quality is indisputable, are grouped at the
same prices we placed on similar values at the Sale Opening. We leave it to you
to compare our Sale Prices with those you are asked to pay daily. Investigate.
All Women's Boot Values to $10 _____ $5.65
Just arrived, direct from factory to you. Late in arriving and must be gone
before our sale ends. Beautiful models you'll like. Sport, street and dress
models. Rich Malay and popular mahogany browns, fine blacks and catchy
two-tone combinations in greys, brown and maize. High laced or button tops,
Louis, Cuban or walking heels.
Children's Upstairs
Whito   Canvas
Children's nnil Misses'
Huttrm Hoots; -sim to 2.
AU Values to $8, Sale Price $4.90
Russian Calf in Dark Mahogany or Rich Malay Brown;
Neolin   Sole   and   Rubber   Hoe!   or   Leather   Sole.
Children's lilaek and Tan Leather Strap
Slippers—with a good weight sole; sises to
10.     Special   price    $1.16
Kxtra, Kxtra — Solid Leather Luce Hoot /or
Boys—AU sizes to 5. Only, tho pair ....12.96
Growing   Girls'   Whit?   Canvas   Mary   JattB
Pumps.    Per  pnir $2.50
Misses'   Black  Patent   Mary   Jane   Slippers;
aiie 11 to 2.    Speoialljr priced at  $2.45
Children's Blnck Patent Mary Jane Slippers;
Hhes to 10 1-2. Specially priced at.—$1.85
Misses   Black  Vici   Kid    Button   and    Laco
Boots; sizes to 2.    Price  $2.56
Children's White Canvas Strap Slippers;
Bise to 7.    Price  7Bc
Brown leather snndals for children nnd
growing girls. Hewn solos, Cool, comfortable and very economical for 8J1
summer wear.    All slies to 2     ™
Infants'   Fine  Blnck  Kid,  either  button  or
lace;  sizes to 6,    I'riio   $1.16
Children's   Light   Weight   Black   Kid   Luce
Boots;  alsa  7 1-2.    Price   $1.25
Children's and Misses' Whito Canvas
Pumps, with nn extension elk sole; nil
sizes.    Special  price   $1.45
Misses' White Canvas High-top Boots, rubber soles nnd heels, lingular $2,26. Bale
prino ....$1.75
Children's   and    Misses'     While    C'nnvns
Sandals; nil sizes.   Per pnir  $1.00
Growing Girls'  White Canvas  Slippers,   with
or without strap  $2.45
Women's White Canvas Oxfords—Goody oar writ, rubber solo and heel; reg. *4.25.    Salo  $3.20
Women's White Cnnvas Boots—Goodyear woltj rubber solo and heel; rog. $4-50.   Sale  $3.45
Women's White Canvas Walking Boots—Ivory sole;
reg. 45.011.    Sale   - $3.76
High-top Whito Canvas Bool—With rubber sole and
spring heel.   Sale $1.96
Women's Cream Koignskin Boot—Covered heel, with
aluminum plate; reg. $7.00.    Sale priee  $6.66
Women's Whito Canvas Pumps—Leather sole nnd
heel; reg. *4.50.    Sale  $2.35
Pumps—Vals. to $7.50; Sale Price $4.35
This is nn unusual opportunity to bay your pumps
direct from factory to you. Colonial and plain models,
in calf, patents and full kid; Louis nr walking heels.
VI "TheHome of Good Shoes'
A M. 649 Hastings. W.   near Granville.
All Men's Boot Values to $9
Sale Price, $6.45
The various styles offered in this lot
will Instantly win the approval of discriminating men. There nre chocolate,
nigger, nutltiy mid mahogany browns,
fine kid and imported blnck calf in tho
latest as well as conservative lusts. PAGE EIGHT
FRIDAY. : My 18, 191
The Pioneer Union Store
"Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes"
Men of all ages
realize the extraordinary
value of
FATHER wears them, so does son. Father
thinks first of the appearance then of the neat
fit and appearance, while son reverses these qualifications. That's Holeproof—fine fit, appearance
and quality, and guaranteed to give you longer
wear.  Two qualities—
Lisle—guaranteed six months—6 pairs $2.50 and $3.00
Silk—guaranteed three months—3 pairs $2.25 and $2.50
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
The ice companies havo signed up
with thoir employoes for an incroaso
in wages und a closed shop. The new
agreement calls for ,$4.50 per day of
eight* hours for drivers and $4 at eight
hours for helpers. Bakery salesmen
havo organized und applied for a charter from the International office. Secretary Showier reports that his visit
to Victoria hns borne fruit and the
Tenmsters arc lining up in the organization very fast. A mooting of the
Joint Council will bo held in Centralin,
Wash., August 3 and 4. President W.
M. Brown and Secretary Showier wero
elected to attond tho convention.
Tho co-operators of England distribute over $400,000,000 worth of merchandise annually.
Smax Bread
"SMAX"-an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
Cakes and Pastry
*     dP
Prices on Summer Hats
Our JULY SALE offers you a wonderful variety of
smart hats from 11.00 np
See for Younelf
632 Oranvllle Street
Union Bakery
—This Bakery Is Owned and Operated by Members of Organized Labor.
—Every man connected with the plant is a
Union man.
—Every inside man is a breadmaking specialist.
Our Specialty—Hand-made Bread-
it's different from ordinary bread-
lighter-—more tasty—more wholesome.
Union Bakery Ltd.
4th Avenue and Commercial Drive
Big Turnout at Initial Meeting—Charter Applied for—Meeting
Every Friday
A rattling good meeting of I.nundry
Workers was held: in thc Labor Temple
last Friday ovening. Thore waB a big
und enthusiastic turnout of workers,
representing every luundry in the eity.
Laundry wngon drivers are alBO to have
the privilege of taking out a card in
thc local union. Application for a char-
tor from the International Laundry
Workers Union has beon made and1 a
thriving and well organized union of
Laundry Workers can be looked forward to to swell the rnnkB of organized
labor. Miss Helen Gutteridge has beon
oleetod temporary secretary, and meetings will be hold in the Labor Temple
eevry Friday evening until further notice.
The Military Beast as a Defender of Civjl Law
and Liberty
The British constitution is supposed
to bo the ideal of those struggling nations that have aspirations in tho direction of dlemocracy.
Our Saxon forefathers, with their
f olkmote, hundred mote, shire mote, and
witenagemote, planted the tree from
which we gather the deliciouB fruit of
liberty we aro now enjoying.
King John wbb supposed to get his
wings clipped at Eunnymede, and sundry other tyrantB later on wore either
executed or rendered impotent. So that
now we are free. We can do as we like
providing we do what tho ruling class
thinks is good for us.
If you go on strike while tho war is
on, you are unpatriotic and deserve
death, even though the wages you receive are not sufficient to reproduce
your labor power. When you win your
strike, doeB it not coBt you more to livo
than before you quit workf The wages
are raised two and the commodity four,
and so you must striko again after you
havo won in order to be where you woro
before. Thero you nro, and where are
you? You must work for less than you
can work on, or the war ean, never be
won. Tou are free to do this, and if
you won't, then tho government will be
compelled to use drastic remedies.
The Bolsheviki sentiment in1 the west
will not be tolerated any longer. The
atmosphere is a little hazy just now, owing to an affair that has developed in
Calgary. The Miliftay Service Aet is
a little complicated, due, we understand,
to the orders-in-council telescoping into
one another. They have come a littlo
too fast lately, even for our mnsters to
keep track of them, and so we have a
little mix*up in consequence.
The militnry has practically told the
civil authorities to go to a place where
uninterrupted combustion can be permanently enjoyed.
Habeas corpus ib Bet at naught and
all our land marks of liberty are obliterated by a gang behind a machino
gun. W8 were under the impression
that certain things in our constitution
were Bacred, and we believed Habeas
Corpus was one of them. In our btfnd
and guileless infatuation, wo thought
we were out to crush militarism,- that
Prussianism existed only in Kaizerland'j
in Britain the civil authority was su-
ffretae, and the military could only butt
n at its request. When the Annual
Army Bill was introduced, our bosoms
swelled until they wore at the point of
bufsting as we heard the words, "It
is contrary to tho law of this land) it
is contrary to the constitution of this
realm, to keep a standing army in Oreat
Britain and Ireland in times of peaee."
Britains are not subject to military
rule, oh nol Do not tho representatives
of the peoplo hold the purse strings.
We arc free from that autocracy that
is the curse of the continental nations.
Macaulay, in his essays, has showed
us that thc struggle between Charles
the First, and the parliament was for
the control of thc sword. He made our
blood tingle as he described how our
forefathers came together and said:
"For this cause wo live, and for this
cause we aro ready to die."
When working men go on strike or
declare that they are in sympathy with
tho Bussian working class, tho cry is
instantly raised of "pro-German,"
"German money," otc. When we examine the reports from Calgary, wc look
in vain for any suspicion of German influence, and we think that our sleuths
arc not as diligent as they might be.
Tho Gorman emperor and the Crown
Princo together with all thc satellites
of .Tunkerdom, would like nothing better than to destroy our blessed constitu-
tion, and although our littlo Napoleon
of Cnlgary muy bc inspired by the noblest motives, yet when our sacred heritage is at stake, we cun afford to take
no chances. Should thc civil authorities of Calgary have guts enough to
stand for the honor and dignity of the
civil law, wc plcdgo them our support.
We will gather together such stills us
wo cnn colled and travel down to tho
scene of conflict in order to si'c that
justice is done.
We seo tho working mon dragged
from useful employment nnd scut to the
trenches to die in order thnt we may be
kept free.
Wo arc told in thc beautiful editorials of the truth-loving Province that
the future of democracy is at stake.
We have heard of this insidious Germnn propaganda of spies in trade
unions nnd other working cluss rendezvous, and wo uro ufruid that the authorities have been n little lax in their
Let us be up nnd doing; let us probe
this Calgary conspiracy to tho bottom.
Tho times nre serious whon Prussiun-
ism raises its bond in our very midst.
By tho memory of our forefathers, by
all thnrt is sncreil in this Dominion of
greed nnd graft wo implore thc working
clnss to raise itself upon its haunches
und take in the general situation. The
liberties we thought wo hud hnvo dwindled one by one until even our very
thoughts ure rationed. We huve stood'
for everything, becnuse it wns necessnry to mnke the world "safe for democracy." If the militury is to override thc civil law, domocracy will be
safely dead. Is its end to be peaceful.
Is it to be without n protest! Is it to
die without a struggle! If so, thc
boys enn then return from the blorul-
stnincil Holds nf Flnnd'ofBj becnuse the
cnuse for whieh they nre fighting hus
been settled at Cnlgary.
Two Excellent
AT $2.00 — Corsets of
fine coutil, made in low or
medium bust styles, one
having a reinforced front
with hook below the clasp
and specially suitable for
full figures. Another model is made with deep bust
gore and is heavily boned.
AT $2.50 —Corsets of
fine coutil with rubber
gore over the thigh, low
bust and very long; also
a model with low bust
with short gore of rubber
in front. These corsets
have four hose supporters,
and arc trimmed with silk
embroidery; sizes 19 to 28.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
The Blue
Serge Suit
Blue Serges are getting
scarcer each season and
the price is soaring skyward.
To the man who prefers a
blue suit to any other, take
our advice and buy one now.
Wc can still supply you with
an all-wool, fast colored
Serge at very little advance
over the old prices.
Thos, Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Granville Street
We came on it the other day—
a weapon ready to the hands of tho
plutes. With it, they'll be able to put
it all over us—perhaps. We should be
terribly careful, fellows, -especially at
public .meetings, There may be plutocratic reporters in the audience. Wo
must never express a desire to settle
tho question of the universe. And,
under no circumstances, must we couple
an expression of that desire with a
statement of our ability to do so. In
case you don't know, it is the chief
symptom of paranoia, and paranoia is
an interesting form of .insanity. It
wouldn't do at all to give the plutes a
chance to lock us up as lunatics. However, forewarned is forearmed.
Wc hopo the jolly news is true, for
we'vo absolutely no use for Hinden-
burg. We'd be tickled to death to
know that he had gone off to a place
where it-he good plutes go—wherever
that is. He certainly belongs (or belonged) to the gay bunch who think
workingmen are just bo many head of
cattlo, to be driven at.will to tho monstrous slaughter-house of war. And if
he was nt ull like his pictures ho looked an efficient driver. There are otherB,
of course—many of them—v/ho still
livo on to gloat upon the shambles
they've erected, to watch, with intorest, its yearly increasing capacity.
They'll never die in it themselves—
worse luck. Though, we're willing
onough to hove them die nny old way
—ho long as thoy do die. They 'vc fooled th* enrth too long. Ami so we
read cif Hindcnburg's death with pleasure, and look forward with impatient
interest to news of the speedy departures of othors of his class. O.ir kick
in that* while they're mighty quick at
arranging for the deaths of others,
they're altogether too durned slow
about going off themselves. They need
*   *    t
Did you read it—that open letter of
C. Gardner Johnson's addressed to the
masters and mates of the British Columbia Merchant Service* Wasn't it a
screomf A regular old-time lullaby-Teh, what? Interesting of course, ob
showing, although quite evidently lacking in ordinary intelligence, its writor
is yet Lloyd's'agent for British Columbin. Just another proof of tho modern
conviction that it iBn't by any; means
ability thnt gets one along in thc
world today, but a bit of luck tacked
on to a slave mentnlity. And if anybody qualifies as a flrst-class slave, C.
Gardner Johnson does. You'd think
he'd be ashamed of his servant instinct—that he'd try to hide it instoad
of bleating it all over the place, Fancy'
being proud nf itl And tho nerve of
lho ercfttiiro preaching such a craven
gospol I As if he had a ghost's chanoe
of Influencing nnv decent body. Bah!
•#   #   *
Hut we must quote you some extracts
from the letter, in case you didn't rend
it. Listen! "The newspapers tell us
that  you   have   decided   to   ...   .
Co-operator with Practical Knowledge
of People's Needs Cleared
Up Muddle
J. R. Clynes, parliamentary secretary
to tho food control department, London,
Englnnd, has been appointed to succeed
tho lato Viscount Rhondda aB food controller.
J. R. Clynes is a prominent union
man, and was an active worker in tho
co-operative movement. It was mostly
through his efforts that food control in
the United Kingdom became an organized and beneficial affair, after it had
been messed up by a number of food
controllers and officials who had no
practical knowledge of how to handle
the situation. It was also through his
efforts that members of thc co-operative
movoment wero placed on tho food'
boards in overy district in tho country.
strike on Monday next if your requests
aro not granted. Can this be truel A
party or a part, of thc British Mercantile Marino striking! .... Just
stop ono moment and think. This morning's paper hells us of a dissatisfied
captain who complained because a deck-
hand> by working overtime, hnd made
more money than he had. Nothing in
tho world prevents that master . . . .
taking the place of the deck-hand.
.... Is your position nothing, doos
it not count! .... Surely something muBt have gone wrong to make
men, as a rule respected and admired,
threaten such action. ... Seo if I
am not right when I say you will be
glad if you do not strike. I hate the
cursed word." And so on. Honest,
now, isn't that just the sheerest slave-
• *   *
Tokuwaga, a member of tho Japanese mission to the United States,
speaking recently at Chicago, said:
"Japan is not looking for the annexation of any terirtory. Liko the other
allies, she is seeking not for horself,
but for world advancement." We must
be dense. We can't for the lifo of us
soe how forcing the Bolsheviki back
into the tyTranical state from which
they so painly enierged is advancing
the world any. Driving society back
to the ways of yesterday doesn't look
to us like pushing it forward. However, it hasn't been done yet—and maybe it won't ever be.
# #   *
The number of persons killed in the
great Chinese civil war, which began
as a religious movement and rapidly
became a revolt against the Manchu
monarchy, has been estimatod by some
historians at 20,000,000. There is
scarcely any doubt that there wptq at
least half that number of deaths, or
twice as many as the present war haB
caused." So writes Liborty H. Bailey
in an nrtiele in the American Museum
Journal. China can hang right on to
that record, so far as we^re concerned'.
Unfortunately, though, there is a bunch
of record-breaking warriors running
things here and there. Maybe they
won't be satisfied to let China retain
the honors.
* «   i
Of all the powers that have been
used to keep us down, those of the financial interests have been most ruthlessly enforced, most heinously employed. Money has run the world for centuries Every infamy of which humanity iB capable has been perpetrated by
its hoarders. We have been (and still
are) lashed to our tasks that more and
more may be accumulated in the coffers
of the already rich. These piles of so-
called wealth have paid for wars and
massaeres and oppressive legislation—
Take the guess out of your next suit-
LET your next suit be "Tom-the-Tail-
ored." That takes all the guess out
of suit buying. You don't have to take
a chance on the quality of the material
—the finest British woollen fabrics.
You don't have to gamble on the authenticity of the style—my expert designers follow the last word from London and New York. You can have it
made the way you like it. My label in
the pocket is the symbol of fashion—it
takes the uncertainty out of your
clothes. It certifies and guarantees
quality, style and fit. And wear—there
is nothing doubtful about that either.
My promise and the manufacturers'
are behind every suit length in my two
Men's Silts to
Measure   ftom
Suits from
are paying for the reaping of the present blood-crop. Not needed by its owners for food and shelter and clothing,
this hoarded money has over been
viciously employed. Up and down
throughout the world, the wealthy havo
trampled freely and unhindered upon
every law, human and divine. Society
has fawned on them the while, and so
has the church, in sacrilegious impiety.
Tho plutocrat has been god and king.
*   «   •
Has been, we'vo said. The day
dawns whon we will be at final death's
grip with the beast. This is evident
on oil sides. Not only do wo realize it,
but our moniod tyrants watch its coming with increasing alarm. It is quite
natural now to hear people of all shades
of Bocial opinion voice the conviction
thnt the days of capitalistic control are
numbered. All over the civilized world
labor is rousing from the stupor of
centuries of oppression. The working-
man begins to sense his unconquerable
power, united' with his fellows. He
has tested hiB strength. From year to
year he has watched the muscles grow
upon hig Union manhood. He has almost reached maturity. Soon he will
step confidently into the social ring,
sure of his power to claim a knockout
victory frota the bully who has worn
the belt of world-control too long.
The District Couneil of Carpenters
met with building contractors in the
Labor Temple Wednesday evoning to
talk over the subject of a new wage
scale. After considerable discussion
the contractors put forward a proposition of a $6 a day wage to go into
effect August 1 and to hold good for
six taonths with a revision of wages
according to the increased cost of living every three months.   This proposi
tion will be placed before a mass mee
ing of the carpentors to be held in th
Labor Temple July 26. The scale prt
poaed by the unionB involved calls f(
$6.60 per day.
Phone Seymour 2492
Direct from Broadway
"My Irish
Brim full of real Irish wit.
Prices:    15c, 30c, Mc.
**> nn wm
"TEMPTATION"—r.nuitic OomiJj
snd Mmlo—Ottsr Bjg jFtttarss
feel perfectly at home in
these stores—the largest Union
Stores for Men in the West.
—you'll find the Union Store card
—you'll be served by Union Clerks.
—you'll be given~as far as possible
--your choice of Union-made
We also guarantee perfect satisfaction—Our standing offer
—is behind every sale made in this store.
Trades Unionists from outside the city are invited to make
our store their headquarters when visiting Vancouver. It
is centrally located and convenient to the retail shopping district.
33-45-47-49, HasKngs Sr.Easr-.


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