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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Apr 18, 1924

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fTH  YEAR.     No. IB-
XXzuoja-xxxaaCle Overalls
union   Made   in
istx   Colxixribia.
Deliver*   ^>st Interesting and Instructs  ^ddress to Women's
Int  National League
Workmen's   Com-
»o>skx**d o» Schemes
actice in B.  C.
i-v-ex- Trades and. I-abor
ci ±*ts regular bi-monthly
'uesda.y nieht in Holden
of -tlie delegates Btated
to goods made in the
forcinK workmen to pur-
Ion overalls,, and threat-
the union-made goods
in the United States if
-S.es      not     done    to    remedy
discussion on non-union
An xi ou noed that a very
jelix order for doors "was
t>y mills here because
ipulated that the goods
3 t>y organized lahor.
.__ discussion took place
_r off the recent investi-
medical health ofllce de-
_-_g city, and it -was deci-
city to swr>_ply the coun-
Lnscript    of   the   evidence.
**»*«.*; inquiry.
liat -the dominion ftxlr-
tia.d returned and nego-
t> _*■*&_. started in connec-
-wagre conditions and,
» waterfront jobs in pro-
in the secretary being
ask the government to
7%rm,__et_* officer for each of
E>w*ovlnces. The delegate
•ar-- reported active and
i*& in. membership in the
sers* delegate reported
r_ -was considering a represent scale. *
ounced that the Canada
convention   would  be held
ten's Compensation board
ie-wed hy e> representa-
ouncil on the subject of
_t in practice in the
•&&*_• schemes are hospital
ngrements made by com-
t administered directly
1 that the workmen on
a.dian pacific pier were
07a.raa.dlan Pacific railway
a<a therefore ca.me under
~"s_* &x>X>roved scheme and
under the compensation
workmen paid 91-50 a
of £>ele«ate Pettipiece,
was instructed to write
horities asking, in the
posed money bylaws are
o mnoney "would be spent
n tract   1;
m. t. h.
Party    Endorsed
Tradee   and   Labor coun-
Bed    the   provincial   Labor
__       ora     the     understanding
•   party  would  be com pre-
embrace   a   wide  range of
iuch   as  the  .British Labor
__t    announ 2ed   after  a   re-
that    the   Labor   party in
d    have   at   least  one can-
next   provincial  election.
itically    denied    that   the
-__.<_%.     any    connection    with
l»     party.
Surprise     -Paxty   by
of   Federated  Labor
rty   of  B.   O.
->-        evening,      a     surprise
• l<i     at     the    home    of   Tom
*3t-__VC_     _P.,    hy   members  of
■ ci       X-,n.hor      party     to     bid
•es       and      Airs.      Richardson
.re       leaving     for    the    old
ttle   token  of appreciation
y      services     that    he    had
jehalf   of   the   labor move-
i e    party    presented   Com-
Bon    with   two   books.  £irs.
was        presented      with*   a.
making  the   presentation,
__-__. s      were     made    by   Com-
m    and    3nXrs.    Lorimer,   ex-
.ppreciation   of the party
oily     efforts   in    this   great
movement,   and   wishing
on     their    return   to   their
On    the   previous Tuesday
South    "Vancouver   branch
Representation   com mi t-
rprise    party   for   Mr.   and
ion,   -when  a, very pleasant
9=ja~     Anniversary
i-s throughout       Canada
ted States will observe
I 27th, birthday of Pro-
i-l P*. ___B_ Morse, inventor
E>ra,     «a.«    Morse   Memorial
MC.   I*.   A.
tjs a. public meeting, un*
ces of" Socialist Party of
held In the Royal thea-
„y e-v-ening, commencing
•■erybody   welcome.
[In connection with this article, itf Fabian society drew in its early days, t English politics of the past 25 years.
Solution   Lay   in    Formation  of
'Workable Internationalism
for All Nations
T TNDER t.he auspices of the Women's
^■"^ In ternatlonal League for Peace
and Freedom, a most interesting and
instructive address was given last week
by Prof. T. H. Boggs, of the University of B. C, on Norman Angell's latest book, "If Britain Is to Live." At
the outset, the professor pointed out
that it was one of the characteristics
bf the writer of the book to "shock
people into thinking and so take them
out of their accustomed mode of
thougrht." He pointed out how Mr.
Angrell decried the widespread deception of the public, that wns so prevalent today. This deception is being
practiced by our politicians, press and
even by the pulpit. Public men were
not saying1 in public what they were
saying and thinking in private, the
results^of which were very regrettable.
Not only they, but the public as well,
are prone to turn their backs upon
reason. They are the victims of prejudice and preconceived notions. This
attitude on the part of the public was,
of times, - created by the politicians
themselves to serve a purpose quite
different from that which it is now
serving. He did not believe that the
deception that was being practiced
was always the result of deliberate
intent; rather that lt is often the out'
growth of the fact that mankind J:
too prone to substitute prejudice for
It was suggested by the speaker
that Lloyd Oeorge practiced some of
this deception on the public during
the years 1918 and 1919, for he was
In close touch with J. M. Keynes, a
man who well understood the economic situation, and who no doubt advised Lloyd George on these questions. It could hardly be said, therefore, that Lloyd Qeorge acted at the
time with anything but a thorough
knowledge o fthe economic situation,
notwithstanding the perverseness of
his policy.   -       -   —
Mr. Angell pointed out that, though
men are weary of turmoil, confusion
knowledge of the economic situation,
left alone, and undisturbed, nevertheless that this should not be allowed.
Mankind must not be left to "blunder
through." At all costs they must be
aroused into thought and made to
see and face the facts as they are, no
matter how disturbing they might be.
It was shown how the race-prejudice
so prevalent in 'the European countries today, made it all but impossible for even the presa of one country
to lay fairly before its own people the
right and the Justice that was present
in the claims of the enemy, thus making the formation of public opinion
on a sound and just basis quite out
of the question.
The changed position of the industrial power once held by Britain was
taken under review. It was pointed
out that each nation is now becoming desirous of being its own workshop and more and more nations are
themselves making the things that
they require, which formerly they
had gotten from Britain, so that now,
little by Uttle, the balance of industrial pre-eminence once held by that
nation, ts gradually slipping from her.
It was shown that if Germany waB to
discharge her indebtedness to the al
lies, it was Imperative that she de
velop her export trade, and that that
this couud not be done under a system of Intense nationalism. Settlement, it was pointed out, was only
possible on the basis of economic internationalism, and that it was here
that Britain must pledge her power
and  influence.
It was noted that Mr. Angell had
pointed out that it was not desirable
that civilization should be based upon
economics alone, but that it would be,
if the economic truths were neglected.
Economics has a very essential pnrt to
play In any civilization. An economic
system is very hard to build up pro
perly to any state of perfection, and
that -which it has taken years to accomplish can be destroyed quickly by
war. It cannot be built up or assured
by war. Tt is therefore encumbent
upon us to find some substitute for
war, wtth its accompanying international misunderstandings and national
aggressiveness. Most of the social ills
that are present today In the international sphere are due to one chief
cause—nationalism in its most exaggerated form, with its accompanying
arrogant pride in nationality and by
its intolerant impatience with the
claims and rights of others. With
such a state of affairs existing in Europe, was it any wonder that, as Anatole France once said, "The war was
not a deliberate crime. It was something that flowed out of the conditions
of European life." It would seem
that nothing elso could logically be
In one's domestic relations there is
a proper and wholesome regard for
one's family which need not lead one
into a ruthless disregard of othor
families. So in the international
sphere, there should be a wholesome
(Continued on page 4)
might be pointed out that Mr. and
Mrs. Sidney Wetob, active members of
the Fabian society, firmly believed
over a period of twenty years or so,
that capitalism could be controlled.
Recently they have written a book entitled, "The Decay of Capitalist Civilization," in which they give up that
TN  THESE days when one scarcely
sees the word socialism without
finding coupled with the name of Karl
Marx, it Is refreshing to read an account of a socialism which wns founded and developed by men who made
a thorough study of Marx, gave him
due credit, but refused to regard him
as a god, or his book as a bible.* As
one reads thts book It become evident,
ln the light of preaent world events,
that the most significant accomplishment of the Falbian society was that
it broke the spell, of Marxism in England. It ls due to its influence, mainly, that the laboring classes of England became permeated with a practical, rather than a revolutionary socialism.
That this should be done, not by a
political party, but by a "society" with
not even a socialist name is remarkable, and the more so that the society
was founded by no great leader, but
by a small group of men, with no distinct dogma nor special book to guide
then.. That these men were above tho
average In ability cannot be denied,
however; and this ability, combined
wtth unwearied devotion to the cause
they advocated, enabled them to draw
Into the* society a brilliant group of
intellectuals. On Its roll of members
are the names of men and women famous In the world of art, letters, political science and social reform, such
as: Arnold Bennett, Laurence Irving,
Sir Leo Chiozza Money, Jerome K.
Jerome, Mrs. Pankhurst, H. G. Wells,
Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Webb, Bernard
Shaw, Mrs. Annie Besant, Graham
Wallas-and Ramsay Macdonald.
The author of the hiBtory of the Fa
Man society was secretary of the society for 25 years, and every detail of
its'life Is familiar to him. With due
care for accuracy, he never wearies.
His style is simple and direct. He Is so
familiar wtth hts subject, that under
his light, sure touch even the ponderous theme of economics becomes in;
telllgible and Interesting, because in
the Fabian society, personality lent It
charm and good humor robbed it of its
usual terrors. His pages radiate that
earnestness of purpose and lightness
of heart, which combined to make the
society loved by Its members and respected by the public.
Founded 35 years ago, the Fabian
society had much to learn; and its
members resolved to learn first, then
act; hence the motto of "Fabius," who
waited when warring with Hannibal,
though-many censored his delays.
The society was frankly socialistic from its Inception, but only gradually did tt determine a programme and
a method; for its members realized
their Ignorance of both conditions and
remedies, and the danger of falling
Into error. "It was at this period that
we contracted the Invaluable habit of
freely laughing at ourselves, which
has always distinguished us, and
which has saved us from becoming
hampered by gushing enthusiasts, who
mistake their own emotions for public movements." '(Would that social
reformers of the present day might
learn this lesson, if none other, from
the Fabian society.) "Our way of
chaffing our opponents tn preference
to denouncing them as enemies of the
human* race, repelled from us some—
socialists." Yet these very characteristics, one feels sure, were largely responsible for keeping the atmosphere
of the society wholesome and critical;
and Illustrations are not wanting to
show the stimulating influence they
had upon the public.
Once In the early days of the society, it was asked to send delegates
to a conference on Industrial remuneration. It wus the flrst occasion in
which the society emerged from its
drawing-room obscurity.' Bernard
Shaw wasa delegate. Onc passage in
his speech indicates that kind of arguments by which tho Fabians stung
their listeners Into thinking. "It was.
he said, "the desire of the president (of
the conference) that nothing should bo
said that might give pain to particular classes. He was about to refer to
a modern class, the burglars, but if
there was a burglar present, he begged him to believe that he cast no reflection upon his profession, and that
he was not unmindful of his skill and
enterprise; his risks—so much greater
than those of the most speculative
capitalist, extending aa they did to
risk of liberty and life—his abstln
ence; or finally of the great number
of people to whom he gave employment. Including criminal attorneys,
policemen, turnkeys, builders of gaols,
and lt might be the hangman. He did
not wish to hurt tho feelings of shareholders—or landlords—any more than
he wished taj>aln burglars, He would
merely point out that all three inflicted on the community an Injury of
precisely the aame nature."
The foremost aim of the society was
to abolish poverty, and to "assist In
the reconstruction of society upon
non-competitive   basis."     In   tracing
the sources of Ideas from whtch the
the author mentions particularly
John Stuart Mill and Henry George.
The latter proposed to abolish poverty
by political action. The Fabians accepted his method while rejecting his
plan—that of single tax—as quite un-
sulted to conditions in England.
But rolltlcal action did not necessarily mean the creation of a political
party whtch would overthrow the existing order. This was Marx's idea,
but It did not appeal to the Fabians.
They believed that the political machinery already in existence could be
used to bring amout socialist measures, if public opinion was educated in
that direction. The society decided to
demonstrate, and did successfully demonstrate, to the leaders of the working classes in England that socialism
was a living principle, which could be
applied to existing social and political
conditions, without a cataclysm either
insurrectionary or even political. The
Fabian society "regarded socialism as
a principle already in part embodied
in the constitution of society, gradually extending its influence because it
harmonized with the needs and desires of men in the countries where
the larger industry prevails."
Therefore the society did not preach
class-war or even class-consciousness,
but relied on the Blow growth of public opinion. The political method it
used was the method of permeation.
It permeated working men's clubs and
universities with its ideas, knowing
that the public opinion thus created
would in time crystallize In legislation. It permeated political parties
with its programme and urged them
to pass socialist measures. Impertur-
ably good humored ln all its propaganda, tt was quite Irreverent toward
authority. In one of Its earliest manifestos, one resolution reads: "That
the established government has no
more right to call itself the state than
the smoke of London has to call itself
the weather.
The author quotes several writers
of history who have given attention to
the effect of the Fabian society on
*The Hlstorv of the Fabian Soolety
by Edward H. Peaee. A. C. Flflcld,
London, Kng.
Federated Labor Party to Have
Candidates in Field for Provincial Elections
Neelands for South Vancouver
and Mclnnes and Morrison
for Oity
AT the recent nominating convention
held by the Federated Labor party,
it was definitely decided to enter the
political field In the coming provincial elections. There was an optimistic feeling permeating the meeting,
when it was recalled how labor has
progressed so rapidly in the various
countries of the world during even
the last year or so. They felt that if
they went into the coming election
campaign with any degree whatever
of earnestness, together with enthusiasm, that they were assured of several seats in the provincial house.
Comrade Harry Neelands was nominated as standard-bearer for South
Vancouver, while Comrades Mclnnes
and Morrison were chosen to represent the city. It is anticipated that a
lady candidate will be found to run
as a third representative of labor on,
the locnl Held. An effort is being
made to have candidates ln as many
of the outside constituencies as it is
possible, since It Is folt that tho* time
is ripe for labor to huve her fair
share In tho government of the coun
try. Capitalism under tho guise of
liberalism or conservatism has held
sway long onough, and if ever labor
wishes to accomplish anything, so fains the emancipation of workem Is
concorned, Its only hope ls to get into
tho flght itself.' Il Is hoped that the
workers will rally to tho support of
those who hove taken upn themselves
the Berlous task that has been assigned to them, of* representing tho workers In our new provincial house nt
Will Hold Special Meeting Tuesday Evening to Organize for
Provincial Election
The Burnaby branch of the Federated Labor party of B. C, will hold a
special meeting on Tuesday next,
April 22nd, at thc Oddfellows' hall,
McKay, at 8 p.m. The question of
Joining up with the Canadian Labor
party will be discussed, and delegates
appointed to attend the conference on
the 29th. Organizing for the forthcoming provincial election will be
gone into, and several other Important
matters discussed.
Of Its policy, one writer says: t"An intellectual circle has sought to permeate all classes from the top to the
bottom with a common opinion In
favor of social control of socially-'
created values. Resolved to permeate all classes, it has not preached
class-consciousness. It has worked as
much through* liberal capitalist! as
with and through labor representatives. It urged a gradual amelioration of social conditions by a gradual
assertion of social control over unearned incomes."
After a time the society began to
publish tracts, written by its foremost
members. These set forth the economic theory and policy that the society
hewed out for Itself, and tested afterwards in many Instances on boards
of control, local government boards,
etc. The demand for the tracts was
immediate and steady, and they continue to be published up to the present time,
One of the early tracts is described
on page 70. It was called "Facts for
Socialists." "The theme of It was to
prove that-every charge made by socialists against the capitalist system
could be justified by the writings of
the foremost professors of economic
science. . . It Is simply a mass of quotations from standard works on political economy, strung together in order to prove that the bulk bf the
wealth annually produced goes to a
small fraction of the community in
return either for small services
none at all, and that the poverty of
the masses results, not as the individualists argue, from deficiencies of
individual character, but as John
Stuart Mill had declared, from the
excessive share of the national dividend that falls to the owners of land
and capital."
The popularity of the tractB brought
great success to the society; and the
success of the tracts was due to the
group of brilliant essayists who composed them. Four of those essayists,
Sidney Webb, Bernard Shaw, Grahaitl
Wallas and Sydney Oliver, then and
for many years afterwards, may be
said to have worked and thought together in an Intellectual partnership.
These with half a dozen others, formed a "group of leaders, all intimate
friends, all loyal to each other, and to
the cause they advocated, and all far
above the average In vigor and ability,
that in a few years turned an obscure
drawing-room society into a factor in
national politics."
The "Fabian Essays" was the work
of this Bame group.   It was not really
collection of essays, but a book,
planned in advance, and produced by
collaboration. Its success was phenomenal. The first edition of 1000 copies was exhausted in a month. In
all, 46,000 copies have been sold In
English editions alone. It has been
printed ln the United States, and translated into Dutch, Norwegian and
German. The effect of the Fabian
Essays arose partly from what tt left
out as well as from what it contained;
for lt showed a way of escape from an
environment of ideas that had been
growing for some years tn England
under the name of socialism.
While the Fabian society was developing, other socialist societies societies had also grown up. The social
democratic federation, and the Socialist League had been teaching revolutionary socialism, claiming Marx
as their master. The author pointB
out that in Marx's own thought, evo
lution und revolution was tangled and
alternated. The Idea of revolutionary
catastrophe was almoBt an excrescence. But to Marxians (of whom
Marx once observed he was not one)
the excrescence became the whole
thing. On the "morrow of the revolution," all things would be netff, nnd
at a bound the nation was expectod to
reach something very like the mille
','Fablan Essays" presented the case
differently. It baaed socialism "not
on the speculations of a German phll
osopher, but on the obvlOUH evolution
of society as we .see it around us, It
accepted economic science as taught
by the accredited Britlah professors!
it built up the edifice of socialism on
the foundations of our existing political and social institutions; it proved
that socialism was but thc noxt stefr
ln the development of society, rendered inevitable by the changes which
followed from the industrial revolution of the 18th century."
Several interesting chapters tell of
thc other activities of the society,
Local groups were formed in various
sections of London nnd also in the
large centres of population through
out the country. University groups
were also formed and a summer
school was begun.
^'Political Thought In England,
from Herbert Spencer to thc present
Day."   Mr. Ernest Barker.
(Concluded next week)
Bev. A. E. Oooke Says Christ's
Law of Love Applies to
AU Institutions
Capitalism at Work in All IU
Nakedness at Ocean
Falls, B.C.
Civilization is not flowing backward;
is It flowing in the wrong direction,—
Mrs. Thomas Hardy,
n Truly Christian Oountry No
Worker Would Be Hungry
and No Idler Fed
T AST SUNDAY evening, Rev. A. E.
Cooke, of the First Congregational
church, answered two or three questions that had rather a vital bearing
on the labor problems. He was asked;
Why do you mix religion and politics
In your-preaching? He answered in
part as follows: "If you mean by politics, not mere partisanship, but the
science and art of citizenship, then I
might answer in a single sentence, because what God hath'Joined together,
no man should put asunder." He
pointed out that Christ's laws of love,
service and sacrifice applied to all institutions and activities from the nursery to the home, to the church and
the parliament. He agreed with John
Pym when he said: "It is part of a
man's religion to see that his country
is well governed." If It Ib the will of
God that wrongs should be righted,
that laws should be Just and humane;
that parliaments be composed of Godfearing men, instead of swindlers;
that righteousness shall permeate the
whole life of the nation, then, he
pointod out, that it was his business
to Insist thnt the will of God be put
Into effect. Religion could often be
much better expressed at the ballot-
box than In the prayer meeting. To
pray, Thy kingdom come, Thy will be
done on earth as It is In heaven," and
then refuse to preach that will or to
urge men to vote to bring that kingdom nearer is nothing short of an in
suit to God.
If you were utterly penniless, and
could get no work, could not borrow,
and had nothing to pawn, while your
family were hungry, what would you
do? To this he replied: "To this
there Is a simple and practical reply*
Under the circumstances described, I
would apply at once to the city relief
department, and ask them to assist
me to flnd some work, and to provide
food for my family until I had found
it. I would do this, not as a man begging for charity, but as one who had
the right to live and to have my family enjoy the same right. If a man has
a right to live, he also has thc right
to work in order to live. If thc right
work Is denied him by society, then
society, through Its government, municipal or national, must provide him
with the necessities of life, not as
charity, but as fundamental human
right. No "sacred rights of property"
or powers of law have any right to
trample on the more "sacred rights"
of human beings to live, and to do no
in physically comfortable, and morally helpful circumstances.
Is it not a disgrace to civilization
that, ln spite of the great resources
of this country, starving men are begging tn the streets of Vancouver, was
another of the questions answered by
Mr. Cooks. He said: "Yes, It is a
double disgrace; a disgrace that the
natural wealth Ib not being developed
for the beneflt of thc nation, and a
disgrace that the men who could do it
are kept back from earning their livelihood and developing their manhood In the work of turning those re
sources to practical uses. It shows
how far, under the modern industrial
system we have drifted towards barbarism. It indicates tho breakdown
of a system which has largely refused
to obey thc teachings of Christ. In o
truly Christian oountry. no worker
would be hungry, and no Idler, whether rich or poor, would be fed.
Land Question
A good many years ago the liberal
leader (Sir Henry Campbell-Banner
man) said that the time had come
when the land should no longer be
the pleasure-houso of the rich, but
the treasure-house of the poor. What
have the liberals done? asks George
Edwards, M, P.
We flght for a thing, but we die
only for an Idea.—A. W. Tlfby.
Still Working Twelve and
Thirteen Hours
a Day
[By W. Gilmour]
TJOW much longer are we going to
deceive ourselves Into believing
that we are living In a truly democratic and i-nlightened age?. We need gu
but a little way to have brought to »
attention, in no uncertain manner, the
fact that men are today as muoh
Blaves of a system as they have never
been before. It Is utter folly to suggest that men and women are free,
when they are dependent for their
daily bread upon the whims and fancies of a class that may seek to utilize
their services, when 'they consider it
opportune or profitable so to do!
In Ocean Falls, today we see capitalism at work in all Its nakedness.
Ocean Falls Is a company town.
Doubtless many of you are quite aware
of this fact. It is ruled, In my opinion, by nothing short of a despot witb -
an iron hand. Tlie town and all that
In there is, belongs to the company—
even to the men themselves, lt would
appear. There are no organizations
whatever, not even a fraternal society. Rather an unusual thing ln a
town of this size. I suggest, of course,
I might be quite wrong, you must
judge for yourself—that these organizations are not allowed since they
might serve as a meeting place for
men where they might happen to discuss the conditions under which they
have to toll.
To speak of labor or socialism, so
It is alleged, is nothing short of high
treason, and marks you as a dangerous man. If you do happen to act so
unwisely, you will in all probability
be escorted to the boat by a provincial constable. To discuss that phantom Eight-hour Day bill which may
some day come Into effect, may lead
you almost to the verge of starvation
In thts, the land of the free. There
are men still working 12 and 18 hours
a day In this town. It Is hard for
the average Individual to believe that
such conditions exist, but th<iy do,
nevertheless. Our daily press has succeeded beautifully to keeping the
great masses of the people Jn blissful
ignorance of these conditions. Not
until the workers realize thoir dependence upon their own efforts will
emancipation be truly theirs. Let
them learn to support their own institutions—presB included. They must
do it If they would be free. Our labor representatives in the house at
Victoria, Comrades Neelands and
Guthrie, could not do better than
bring this matter to the attention of
the public.
Point «wy Sew Another Ileconl
With the building season barely
started, building permits issued at
Point Grey since the beginning of the
year have passed the million dollar
mark, according to figures Just Issued.
About three-fourths of this work ls
now under construction. Since the
beginning of the present month, erection of fifty-two houses have bcen authorized, the figures for which reach
a total of over $275,000.
Clarko Pettlplece Joins linn-diets
Apparently marriages enn be consummated, ns well as terminated; nt
Reno, Nevada, according to recent
advices. Clarke Pettipiece, son of ex-
AU1. It. P. Pettipiece, well-known in
labor circles in British Columbin, was
married there on Saturday night to
Miss Curtis, n native daughter of Reno.
Like his father. "Pat" is a member of
tbe Typographical union, and learned
his trnde in the composing room of
the Vancouver Province. For the Inst
few years he has been employed'as a
printer at Reno. "Pat" has a host of
friends In Vancouver, who wilt wiBh
him all the luck possible in his new
Will l>fH<niss Pociiih of Hums
A renl treat is promised lovers of
RuniH on Wednesday evening, when
the Vancouver Burns Fellowship will
meet in Glencoe Lodge. President
Carrick will deal with "Tarn Samson's Elegy," and will give many personal reminiscences of the Burns'
country; Rev. Alex. Thomson will give
a paper on 'The Auld Farmer's .Salutation to His Mare," which poem will
be read by John Mclnnes. Special
thought Is being given to the musical
programme, which will nlso be of an
interesting character, All Interested
In the works of Robert Burns are welcome to nttend.
Ben Tillett has said: "If you scratch
a socialist you flnd an enlightened
tory." We doubt lf we could find
anything so enlightened, If we were to
scratch a "die-hard" tory.
West Summerland Branch, F. L.
P., Will Hold Convention
April 28
West suminerlnnd, 11. C, April 17.—
At the regular meeting on Monday
night, Summerland locnl, P. L. P., der
elded to cnll n convention for the pur-
pone of nominating n lahor candidate
for the South okanagan nt tho com-
Ing provincial election.
Thc convention will he held ln the
lahor rooms, above tho drug more,
West Summeflnnd, on Monday, April
28, at S p.m., and It ta hoped that
representatives from every point in
tho valley will ho In attendance. Aa
soon as n candidate has heen definitely placed In the Held, locals will
be organized In ns many plnces ns
possible, nnd plans „re lln,icr foot f01.
an active propaganda. While labor
all over lhe world Is winning vlctorv
after victory, It ls time lhat wc bestirred ourselves here In British Columbia, and prove that wc have not
heen dead, but only sleeping.
League of Nations Socioty
On Friday, April 26th, at 8:15 p m
In   thc  Bourd  of Trade  auditorium!
Dean Coleman, of the University   of
British Columbia, will lecture on'"In-
ternntlonnl Prejudice and Education."
Wo wonder If the "spring cleaning"
fover has overtaken thc provincial
government since it is r.tmored. that
wc arc to have an early election. We
hope thnt the electorate will help
them make a clean Job of it. Things
have appeared a little dirty of Into.
I am proud to belong to a government thnt seeks religiously the goodwill of the world.—Mr. Leach. PAGE TWO
Published every Friday by
The   British  Columbia  Federatlonist
Bminem and Editorial OBce, 1120 Howo gt.
Tbe policy of Tho B. C. FederationiBt ia
controlled by tho editorial hoard of the Fed-
orated Labor Party of British Colmnhla.
Subscription Bate: United Statea and For
tlga, |8.00 per yeur; Canada,* $2.50 pet
year, fl.SO for aix montha; to Unions sub*
scribing la a body, 16c per member per
FRIDAY April   1.8,   11124
IN ONE of our daily papers recently,
we  read  that the  coming provincial elections were, apparently, going
to be run on the strength of personalities.    It does seem appalling that such
should   be   the  state  of  affairs  once
again.    It has been so, more or less,
during the years gono by.   How much
longer are wo going to tolerate sueh
utter  disregard  of  the  principles   of
common-sense,  and  elect, as our representatives   at   Victoria,   men   who
have  so   little   consideration   for  the
welfare of those they represent, as to
waste their time in telling or in listening to      such"   intolerable    nonsense,
Surely the crying need of the age is
for  men  with   principle,  with  vision,
and   with   a  consistency  of  purpose,
that will make them serve as beacon
lights to guide their fellowmen from
out this- state of inequality, of suffering and   wretchedness,   to  a  happier
and more contented state where every
one of us can enjoy, to a reasonable
degree, at least, the heritage that is
rightly and justly ours.
r1 HAS been said and thought by
many in the dark ages that, to die
for one's country was the highest
honor that could be bestowed upon
any man. Our ideas are changing, and
changing rapidly. We feel rather,
that it should be, not only delightful
but fitting to live for one's country
and, If we may judge from the past,
muph more effective and helpful. And
while we live and build, let us think,
as Huskin haa expressed it in a parallel connection, that we build forever,
"let lt not be for the present delight,
nor for present use alone, let it be
such work as our descendants will
thank us for, and let ua -think, as We
lay stone upon stone, that a time is to
come when those stones will be held
sacred because our hands have touched them, and that men will say as
they look upon labor and wrought
substance of them, 'See! this our fath-
esr did for us'."
As we look about us today and aee
the heritage that has been left us, and
still worse when we look and see what
we are leaving to the generations that
are still to come, we should hang our
heads In shame. Wc can do nothing
better than" follow the advice, eo ably
put by Ruskin, in the lines above.
Will we rise to the occasion?
farmer, It would not make any appreciable difference In the position he
would flnd himself at the end of the
year. As for the building of the
Hudson Bay railway, or any other
(railway for that matter, lt will, not
ase the burden of the farmer. Under
the present economic system, rail-
Mays, piers, docks, elevators, banks,
and such things that were brought
into being presumably for the purpose
of aiding the farmer, are in reality so
many instruments to facilitate his exploitation. No one would be bold or
stupid enough to say that the Improvement in industrial tools and machinery was perfected for the purpose
of easing the burden on the back of
he industrial worker and In making
jhls life mure comfortable. Then why
hink differently In regard to the tn-
Istruments     necessary   to     farm   production?
What   the  producers  of  farm  products and all the other essentials of
life need fs not more instruments of
[production, but the ownership of the
n strum eats already In existence.
The farmer in common with many
thers lay the plight of the city un-
mployed to the fact that they would
not work. Is It Recau.se the farmers
did not work, or will not work, that
they face the dire destitution that
they are up against all over Canada,
yes, and tbe United States as well?
From the words of the president of
the Canadian Council of Agriculture
lit Is because they have worked (pro-
|duced) too much. Both farmer and
ndustriul worker have produced, but
they do not own that which they produce. Both are a necessary factor In
production. Both should mutually
own their mutual product.
perceives!    For which we can thank
our   present   system   of   repression.
Like his friend Coleridge, Wordsworth
believed that a something within the
human soul makes beauty more beautiful, and adds the gleam, "the light
that never was on sea or land, the
consecration and the poet's dream."
And so he, with his keen perception
and   warm   appreciation,   says   that
"Nature never did  betray the heart
that   loved   her;   'tls   her   prpivilege
through all the years of life to lead
from joy to joy.    Therefore, let the
moon shine on thee In thy solitary
walks;   and let the misty mountain
winds be free, to blow against thee;
aud in after years thy mind shall be
a mansion for all lovely forms, thy
memory as a dwelling place for all
sweet sounds and harmonies."   He is
indeed a worshipper of nature in all
her aspects; he loves the stormy sea
and the still landscape; the birds and
flowers, but better still, he loves humanity.   Probably he acquired some-
I thing of this In his  tramps in the
' British 'isles and  his wanderings in
France, Germany and Switzerland. So
he can give us living descriptions of
simple  rustic  life  and   people;    and
touching details of those whom the
world still spurns, the tramp and the
vagabond.    And he loves the child;
he   romembers   his   own   childhood
when everything was so different
Problems of the Farmer
[By John Ball, West Summerland]
JUST after the fruit growers of this
district had bcen holding a public
meeting to discuss the threatened- collapse of the Industry, owing to defections among their ranks, the following appeared in the Daily Province,
March 22, 1924;
WELL-KNOWN Vancouver cloth
house, probably the largest men's
wear establishment in British Columbia, Is authority for the statement
that many trades unionists buy overalls, made by Chinese labor in a local
manufacturing plant, in preference to
union label overalls, because the latter costs GO cents more. Is this the
way to strengthen the ranks of labor?
If you do not insist on the union label
Ihow can you expect others to ask for
the label? Be loyal to the organization to which you belong; see that
ou ask for the union label and Insist
Ion It where possible.
Labor and the Poets
Lake Poets
IN a recent issue bf this paper we
printed an'article from a correspondent from the Okanagan in which
. was stated the position of the fruit-
farmers of that fertile valley, and it
was everything but a rosy picture.
The local press also gave publicity to
the dire straits In which the small
fruits and poultry farmer's of the
Fraser Valley find themselves. The
Dally Province (April 2nd) printed a
roport of an interview that tlie Canadian Council of Agriculture had with
the members of the Federal cabinet.
The delegation said in part: "That
ugrlculturo was In an exceedingly bad
way in spite of the fact that the 1923
crop had been very large, and that
the production of other forms of
produce had been greater or as great
as In any previous year. The value
of farm products had decreased by
$70,000 last year as compared with
the previous year, and the farmer was
no bettor off today than If his crop
had been small." "I am s;ife lu saying that never was there a time in
the history nf Ontario or Canada
when there was snch a scramble fur
farm loans or so many foreclosures,"
said W. A. Amos, president C. C. of
A., all of whicli goes to show that the
plight of the farmer Is very bad all
over Canada. Indeed, the independent farmer that we vised to speak of
ls a thing of the past. The great
majority of the farmers of today aro
nothing more or less tnau the servants, or In some cases superintendents for the machinery trust, the loan
companies and the bankers, The
fact of the matter Is, that the farmer
no longer produces wheat or any
other farm product, but only takes
part with many others ln the processes of production. The wheat, etc.,
Is not ultimately produced until lt ls
placed In the hands, ready to be consumed, by the ultimate consumer.
That is, tlie farmer is nol producing
wheat, sheep, wool, etc.. to satisfy
his own and family wants, but for a
world market, Aiyl before the pro-
duets reach the final consumer they
pass, through many hands, ull of
which ls a necessary pari of presoni
day production.
Some of the requests made by the
Council of Agriculture of the government wns a lowering of the tariff and
the completion of the Hudson Bay
While a lowering of the tariff on
farm implements might for a while
make    theso    things cheaper to the
[Frances Wills]
A SUPERFICIAL knowledge of
Wordsworth does not reveal much
of sympathy between the lake poet,
the recipient of a government pension whose life was calm, serene and
almost uneventful, and the average
working man busy with quite different
things, living his life In dry aa dust
monotony or the lower strata of life,
who know not "respectability" oi
peace or serenity. Yet there Is a Very
great bond betweon Wordsworth and
lhe worker, nor it Is too much to say
that the latter can more readily appreciate and understand Wordsworth
than his "Intellectual" brother.
For Wordsworth has been called the
poet of humanity. To quote tho words
>f a critic: "Wordsworth went to
'ommon life, to the obscure and neglected portion of society for beauty.
-He could discern- more truth and
beauty than ordinary minds, and saw-
truth under disguises and lunn ble
forms. He thought that beauty was
not confined lo that which is rare,
jiew or distant, but exists atuong common tilings—in the loneliest flower,
in the lowliest heart. He taught reverence for our universal nature; he
broke down some of the class and race
Although we cannot label Wordsworth as we are apt to label people
today, we find'hls ideas very similar
to those held by those who seek freedom and justice. In his early days
he had groat hopes about the Fronch
revolution, and he spent some months
En France. But he was disillusioned,
even beforo the reaction sot in, by the
frightful excesses committed; though
like all fair-minded people, he real
[god linn the terrible deeds had been
bprh of centuries of maddening injus
tlce, oppression and cruelty. Yet two
wrongs do not make a right, and
somewhere ho wrote, "By the soul
only, shall the nations be great and
free." He realized that power transferred does not necessarily make
everything all right; and concerning
the slavery of the masses that the
humnn creature must be roused whether he be in religious or civil slavery, whether domestic or foreign.
That fs the plea of socialism today;
education and more education, freedom and development, Wordsworth
•ogardod the poet as a teacher and as
such, he strove to use his influence In
the right direction. He soys, "I upend
about twolve hours considering people and thoir lives, and hopes to one
hour on poetry, which is merely the
form of my thought."
Wordsworth's poetry was very largely the result of a peaceful, calm life
ln the picturesque English lake district, and the rich Devonshire coun-
Four years of his life were spent
En a unlVcrslty; and apparently they
were the loast satisfactory. The hoary
tramped atmosphere did not appeal
to him; he wanted tho country with
its trees, flowers, rivers, lakes nnd
hills, whero beauty reigned, Without
those, Wordsworth would never havo
attained to the height of his genius.
Alas', for the genius that Is never developed, that starves and dies ln our
hideous cities, or thnt sees but never
Heaven lies about us in our Infancy,
Shades  of the  prison-house  begin  to
close'upon the growing boy,
But he beholds tho light and whence
it flows; he sees it in his joy,
The youth who daily farther from the
east must travel, still is nature's
And by tlio vision splendid, is on his
way attended;
At length  the  man  perceives it die
away, and fade into the light of
common day.
The reader of Wordsworth has little difficulty Iii following the poet's
meaning, for the poet set out to free
poetry from its artificiality. Therefore, everyone can take pleasure In
such pieces as "Nature and the Poet
"Michael," "Tintern Abbey," "Tho
Daffodils," "Early Spring," "The Solitary Reaper," the various Odes to
Liberty, and the poems on Lucy—"A
violet by a mossy stone, half-hidden
from the eye; fair as a star, when
only one is shining in the sky,"
He who reads between the lines can
perceive something of the man him
self—as almplo as his verse. In his
"Character of the Happy Worrior,"
we see the individual as the poet
would have him.
Who is the happy warrior?
It is the generous spirit,  who,  when
Among the tasks of life, hath wrought
Upon the plan that pleased his childish thought.    .    .   .
Tls he whose law Is reason;  who depends
Upon  that   law as bn  the   best   of
friends.    .    .    ,
Who if he rise to station of command
Rises by open means, and there will
On honorable torms, or else retire,
Who comprehends his  trust, and to
the same
Keeps  faithful   with  a   singleness   of
And therefore does nol stoop, nor lie
in wait
For wealth or honors or for worldly
And through the heat of conflict keeps
the law
In calmness made.
Who,   who!her  praise   of  him   must
walk the earth
Forever, and*-to noble deeds give birth,
Or he must go to dust without his
And leave a dead unprofitable name,
Finds comfort In himself and ln his
This is Wordsworth's sermon on the
mount, translated into modern terms.
Are not these the very qualities we
must possess if we are to win honorably?
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatloniat, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
Farmer-Labor Purty
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: "Farm
Problems,1,' by John Ball, iu
your April 4 th issuo, is educating a'nd true in faot. But lhe
article contains one phase to which 1
take exception, 1, e., "The time Is rot
lon ripe for a Farmer-Labor parly.'
Why not a Hod-carrier-Labor party?
Or a Stone-Muson Labor parly
But is ll not the accepted view of the
organized industrial worker to catalogue the land worker as something
different—somothing unworthy of even
tho least consideration. And does'not
Mr. Ball really mean to say: Hyphen
ated Cousin Rube, you may hold on
behind nnd run. Bo over ready lo
crank the car, or pump up a shrink
trig lire!" We nood the Labor party.
Drop the farmer part of the title, and
tako us in ns fellow workers. Speed
the day. WILLIAM LAW
Horlot  Hay, April  10th,  1924.
Taeoma, Wash., March 22.—One
hundred and fifty lumbermen from
all the producing centres of Oregon
and -Washington met here today in
secret session to consider the de-ureas
ed price of lumber in the light of
threatened over-production.
Production at presont is twenty per
cent, more thau the demand, and the
sales average has fallen from ?7 to
?;'■ at the mills, and curtailed buying
has been noticeable for the last sixty
days, said lumbermen after the meeting.
To correct this condition, plans I'or
curtailment of production were discussed, and will be put into immediate
effect, It was roported. Northwest
mills are now operating about twenty-
flve per cent, above normal, and a cut
j to normal Is expected -io halt a
threatened overstock.
This statement contains in a nutshell the j.fc't of thc marketing problem, as it affects the farmer and fruitgrower.
Every other industry is more or less
controlled from the top by Manufacturers' associations, trusts, combines
or trade agreements. The available
market is thoroughly studied and
known, and when a gult is threatened,
the manufacturers curtail production
by laying off employees or only working part time, and the price is still
kept up.
On the other hand, the fanner Is
obliged to produce up to the limit of
the capacity of his land,—he has no
•ontrol over his market, and when
crops nre good, supply exceeds the
effective demand, which has the price
behind it, and the price drops to the
lowest point.
At present in the Okanagan valley,
it is below the cost of production. You
can produce apples which cost 80c a
box, and sell them for 50c for a time,
but that spells eventual bankruptcy.
You may manage to exist, but taxes
and water rates remain unpaid, and
that is why orchards are being abandoned and fruit growers leaving for
other parts.
That same process of curtailing
production by bankrupting the farmer
is going on all over the North American continent, and It must be rather
painful for the farmer. The writer
has just received a letter from a relative who is visiting in Louisiana, he
says that she attended a farmers'
meeting there, and apart from the
ftcm tht they tht they spoke broken
English, and chewed a good deal of
tobacco, It waB just like being at home
in the Okanagan valley. The whole
talk was of low pricos and crooked
sales managers, and we suppose that
instead of apples the main topic would
be sugar cane or rice.
At the present time, a drive Is on to
sign up .80 per cent, of the tonnage
here, and If this ls not secured, the
co-op. threatens to disband and let
the industry smash, the independents
going down in the common ruin.   The
The Hikingjarvesters
[By Lucy L. Woodsworth]
T AST WEEK came the soviet trade
delegation. . It seemed strange to
think after these yours of discussion
about Russia, her accredited delegates
were aceually sitting in the offlce.
This week, another delegation came,
unknown, unaccredited, and yet their
coming was deeply significant of the
times—the hiking harvesters.
Now, hiking to the capital to de
mand justice, does not conduce to
doors wide-flung in welcome. The
general air of inhospitality was Intensified by the lion in March having
triumphed over the lamb to the ex
tent of a fair-sized snow-storm, but
these dour Clydesmen won through to
an interview arranged between five of
their dealers and the prime minister,
with the minister of immigration and
tho minister of labor present. The
deputation was introduced by J. S,
The men gave a clear presentation
of their case. They claimed they had
been induced to come to Canada by
false representations. Glowing pictures of this country as a land of op
portunity had met them on all sides,
there was work for all in the harvest
fields at $4 per day. The harvest ended, there would be work for each at
his own particular trade. With this
assurance, they said no sacrifice had
been too great—even to parting with
articles of household furniture—to put
husbnnds In the way of seizing this
chance; the time would be so short
until families could be re-united In
the new land.
Instead of this, they pointed jout,
the harvest had ended, and there was
no work. Several hundreds of them
had found themselves in Toronto subsisting as -best they could; 75 per cent,
of them were married, and the rest
had dependents. The city officials refused any relief on the ground that
thc men had not been in the country
twelve months. They freely admitted
that after they had started on their
hike from Toronto, they had been offered work upon farms itt $15 per
month, and a year's agreement. They
thought it hardly necessary, however,
to point out either the inadequacy of
the amount for the up-keep of a family, or the unfairness in demanding
such a contract. Fifteen dollars per
month and his board for an inexperienced farm hand may seem a heavy
charge upon the farmer, but that does
not make the |15 go any farther towards covering the family budget. It
is also tiue lhat at Kingston they had
been told of work for rivetters—most
of them are skilled mechanics—but
they knew that some of their friends
who were not rivettors, were at that
moment unemployed in that very city.
They finished their statement with
request for justice; flrst, that the
government should take steps to prohibit misleading and false advertising;
and secondly, that they should be
given work at decent wages.
It requires no prophet's word to interpret the significance of this demand
—31 men voicing it berore the government in Canada; millions voicing
it throughout the world,
Replying, the government disclaimed   all   responsibility  alike   for  any
FRIDAY^:......:......., April  18,  10:
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
House Dresses
»'■   ■ ______ ••  ■——■ —    ■   ■**'—-
Ofthe Better Quality
Offered Here in Various New Styles
AF striped gingham, in mauve and white and blue
^and white, with Peter Pan .collar and neat cuffs
of white beach cloth, at $6.95.
Of mercerized repp and gingham, in mauve, navy
or pink, at $4.50. ■
Of checked gingham, in, blue, pink or mauve, with
cotton crepe trimming, at $3.95*
—Drysdale's Houso Dress Shop, Second Floor.
575 Granville Street Phone Seymour 3640
food, bed or money. It Is a thought
provoking experience for a man in this
plight to stop out from a warm, well
appointed office in which he has play
ed absolutely his last card to'secure
justice, and lost out. Foolish men, to
think that they could secure Justice
by going to Ottawa.
Oet your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
" — " -uu mi un rum,   xne  "u   "**   »waiJuiiHH-iuiy  aime   for  any
markets   cannot   be   controlled   with I false   or misleading   representations,
anything less than this, and when one' a"& for providing the men with work
No Security
"It Is wicked and cruel to ask people lo believe lhat any kind of armaments that you can organize can givo
security in time of war. Tho last war
gave security--for whom? Ten millions of men arc under the sod today. Security Tor them?" asks W. H,
Aylos, M. 1'.
A Union la What You Mnko It
Some men Imagine that a union
ionics out of the sky, and that lt it
nade to order. This Is a fallacj
vliich only active participation In
mloti affairs cnn destroy. Why noi
ie an active member, Instead of a
Every reader of The Fedorationist
'an render valuable nwlstnnce by re-
icwlnff their subscriptions ob soon a*
hey nro due, und by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It.
carload of apples shipped on consignment can break the market altogether, It is not difficult to realize the
attitude of the co-operators,
A few years ago, the poor, despised
socialist was considered a menace to
society, but now the shoe ls on the
other foot, and the grower who carries
his individualism to th.e extent of
shipping his produce wherever he sees
fit, Is regarded as a subject for social
correction. Certainly his attitude is
extremely short-sighted, as nothing
but co-operation to the fullest extent
can save the industry. The independents are only able to secure some of
thc croain now, because they can hang
on to the fringe of the co-operative
growers and the cream will be very
sour nnd scanty If the market cannot
l>e controlled by securing the desired
Tho Independents had better get in
While the going Is good, as It is quite
evident that evon after full co-operation as producers Is an accomplished
Indeed, the terms used would rather
seem to Imply that these men must be
either work-shy or misfits. Canada
had been settled hy those who could
get out and do things, and these wero
still the conditions for success In this
young oountry. They were told they
should apply to the Government Employment bureau. This, notwithstanding tho fact that on March 1st, 700
families were on the cltys official ro-
llef lists, either for part or total maintenance. The government had no
other proposals, and tho interview
was over.
Outside thc snow was falling; night
was coming on rapidly; the men, some
of thom scantily clad, were without
Easter Week-end Specials
at the 'Famous'
AMAZING values will greet
-^shoppers thli,weok-ond. If yon
buy your eoal, suit or dress now
you'll mnko n grout ensh saving.
Wonderful things, too, in our new
Accessories Dept. Son them when
you   corn©,
Famous si
SUJT Co. Ltd.
DO you get the fullest uee of your telephone 1 Of course, you uso lt to call
up a friend, or place an order with a
tradesman, but do you always think of It
whon you need to' do somothing personally t How many times would tho telephone savo you timet If a business man,
how much monoy would the telephono
save yout Many trips could bo saved, if
tlie teloDhono wore used instead.
The telephono gives direct nnd prompt
communication with that personal touch
which brings both parties to a conversation close togethor. That is why it has
become one of tlio greatest factors of
business and socinl life.
Ring up Phone Seymour 3314
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   SOI   Dominion   Bulldlnf
1160 Owiito stmt
Said.)* iiniui, 11 ».B, n_ 7,,_ „_
_nS    '"","*    **~*~\a.    t'lleiS,'
•00UU-.Btoi-i_r*   "*"""   """*•
fact, the strugglo Is only beginning.
Howover, as the average farmer can
only soe ono step at a time, nnd most
of them cannot even sec that far, we
will leave tho problem where *t is at
present, and deal with other aspects
in later articles.
Insist on
The better beer—
high in food
At all Gov't liquor Stores
HAVE you ever had a real drink
of Pure Apple Older during the
last fow years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we have introduced reeently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider In pint bottles,
either pure sweet or govornment regulation 2% hard apple elder. These drinka
are absolutely pure and free front all
carbonic acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 90-
Older Manufacturers
1055 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401.408 Metropolitan Balldinf
837 Hutill|I St. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
T.lep_oBM. Sermonr 8668 and 6667
B. T. Harrison
238 xnrmwAT    vakoouveb, b. o.
Ffcont I_lrmoa« 68
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe to Gat"
Thli advertisement ia not published or displayed by the Liquor Control
Board or bjr the Government of Britlah Columbia.
of branches across Canada, and its foreign con-
, nections, offers oomplete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad. _
Establlsllnil SS Yaw- M
Established 59 Years
"Diogenes" of the Vanoouver Daily Provinoe
Prioe, Cloth $1.60; Paper, $1.00 I'RIDAT April   18,   11*24 ■
My Crown and Bridge-
work is guaranteed
for 15 years
pOME to me, confident of the most skilled, good-
appearing, satisfying work.    My many years of
study and, practice ln this branch enable me to guarantee my crowns and bridges for fifteen years.
Oet my estimate—you'll be surprised how little this
work costs.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly Momber of the Faculty of the College of
Dentistry, University of Southern California; loc.
turer on Crown and Bridgework; demonstrator on
Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and
Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Corner Seymour
Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Sey. 3331
Open Wednesday afternoons, Tuesday and
Friday evenings.
Plates   ,
are anothor of
my- special features. Let me
tell you abont
thom. Extrac-
tions are free
when you order
a plate.
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Best $2.50
Olasiea not prescribed unless ab-
■olntelj necessary. Examination!
made by graduate Eyesight Specialism. Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind oar own leiiei, LeutM
duplicated hy mall.
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical House)
Be   aura   of  the   addreaa—Abova
Woolworth'a Store, near
Suit* 36. Davis Chambers,
Phon* Ssy. 1071	
The greatest assistance that the
Irenclers of The Federatlonist can ren-
Ider us at this time, Is by securing a
■new subscriber. By doing so you
■spread the news of the working claus
(movement nud assist us.
Vancouver Unions
| Meets second Monday in the month. Pretident, J. R. White; aeoretary, R. H. Neel-
|ind«. P. 0. Bok 66.	
319 Pendor St. Wist—Business meetings
■very   Wednesday   evening.    A,   Maclnnis,
Tbtirman;   E. H. Morrison, sec-treas.;   Oeo,
if. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouvor,
. C, corresponding secretary.
j Any district In British Golunibli desiring
A format ion re securing speakers or the for-
Eiatlon of local branches, kindly communicate
Irith provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
JB4 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Telephone Seymour 18S2, or Fairmont 4938.
socond Thursday overy month fn Holdon
sliding. President, J. Brfghtwelt; financial
soretary, II. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
Boilermakers, Iran Shipbuilders and Help-
rs of Amorica, Local 194—Mootings flrst
nd third Mondays in each month In Holden
ullding. Prosidont, P. Willis; socretary, A.
raier.   Ofllce hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6
bricklayers or masons for bolter works,
to., or marblo setters, phona Bricklayers
nl.)n, 811 Holden Dullding.	
and third Fridays in each month, at 445
;lchards Street. President, David Cuthlll,
862 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
arrlson, 1162 Parker Street.	
I ot Stoam and Operating, Looal 882—
Leets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
.Ofl Holden Bldg. President, Charles Price;
lUBinens agent and flnanclal secretary,' F. L.
lunt; recording socretary, J. T. Venn.
»PreMdent, Noll MacDonald, No. 1 FirehaU;
BcreUry, 0. A, Watson. No. 3 Firehall.
UNION, Local 146, A. F. of M.—Moets at
[oost Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
.t 16 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller 991
kelson Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
l'91 Nelson Street: financial secretary, W. E.
■Williams, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F.
^Bgctchw, 991 Nelson Street.
0.—-Mooting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
frlday of each month at headquartera, 818
.ordova Btreet Wost. President, D. 0111es<
■tie; vlco-presidont, John Johnson; secretary-
iroasuror, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
Ilova Street West. Branch agent's address;
Oeorge Faulkner, 676 Johnson Street, Vic*
tork B. C. 
Street and electrio railway em*
r ployees, Floneor Division, No. 101—Meeta
S, P. Halt, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
Ird Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pro-
blent. F. A. Hoovor, 2409 Clarke Drive;
ncording secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th
ivo. Bast.; treasurer. A F. Andrew; flnan*
lal secretary and business agent, W. H, Cot*
roll, 186—17th Ave. W. Office, corner Prior
nd Main StreotB. Phone Fairmont, 4504Y
[ ATION—Meets at 091 Niton Stroet, at ll
l.m. on the Tuesday preceding the Iat Bun-
Bay of thc month, President, E. A. Jamie-
Ion, 991 Nelsoa St.; Secretary, 0. H. Williams. 991 Nelson St ; Business Agent, F.
Fletcher, 091 Nelson St.
I lienor, Wl- i-r.g^.. —. __
TPOORAPHIOAL UNION, No. 226—President, R, P. Pettlplece: vice-president. J.
I. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H, Nee-
inds, P. 0, Box 66, Meets last Sunday of
sch month at 2 p.m. In Holden Bniidlng, 16
tastings Btreet East.
UNION, No. 418—Pmldent, 8. D. Mac
Ionald, aee retary* treunrer, J. M. Campbell,
0, Box 889.   Mesta last Thursday of eaeh
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick.' He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because Oeorge
doeB it.    WJiy not do it yourself?
Tlte greatest assistance that tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber; By doing so you
spread tho news of Uie working class
movement and assist us,
Oi'pheum's Big "N. V. A." Week
Next Wednesday night will be a
gala event at the Orpheum. It ushers
in the flnal vaudeville bill of a season
replete with excellent shows, and also
opens the annual "National Vaudeville Artists" week celebration. From
Wednesday night to Saturday night
all vaudeville artists in Vancouver
will "do their durndest" to produce
extra fun and fcolic • for vaudeville
patrons. There will be special features at'every performance, and on
Friday night there will be the big annual "N. V. A." dance-cabaret at
Hotel Vancouver, where a jolly lime
ls promised for all. Sophie Tucker,
that "reg'lar feller," heads the big
bill of brilliant features, s^he brings
with her two noted syncopators, Ted
Shapiro and Jack Carroll. There are
eight big features on this special 'bill
Instead of seven. The eighth consists
of a dejlghtful afterpiece, in which all
artists appear, headed by Ed. Alexandria and Ole Olsen, whose act
"What's It All About," Is n veritable
scream of laughter. More genuine
convulsive fun is offered by Burns and
Allen, with their act, "Sixty-Forty
which contains a real kick. Still more
merriment offers in the acts of McCormlck and Wallace, "On the Beach,"
and that of Cook and Coan, "We'll
Come Back." The three Weber Girls
run strongly to versatility, while Walter Say ton and partner are equilibrists supreme, offering many thrills.
In toto the bill Is a record-breaking
offering for a real good time, topped-
oit by feature pictures and the Orpheum concert "Orchestra.
Starting Wednesday Night
Matinees Thursday, Friday, Saturday
"~ COOK and OOAN	
Attractive Pictures   Concert Orchestra
Nights 23c, 60c, 73c, 91     Plus
Mat. Weekday. 14c, 2ec, 360 .    7%
Mat. Saturday 14c, 28c, 60c     Tax
rpHE store with the small-
1 est expense, and goods
moderately priced.
Men's DresB Boots, blucher cut,
in black calf; ?6.00 valuo.
Special     84.95
Men's strong Work Boot, tan.
Special     $4.00
Children's white Outing Shoes.
4  to  10, nt  45c
11 to 1, at  SOo
Tooke's Railway Shirts for then,
2 separate collars. Special
at   $1.65
Brill Caps for men, In assorted
velours; prices up to  $2,50
Arrow Shirts   $1.75 to $2.50
Boys' heavy r|b Cotton Hoso, 0
to 10.   Special  3 for $1.00
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats/ Boots and Shoes
Between 7th aud 8th avanuss
Phone, Fairmont 14
[Edith Fielding]
I speak of the password primeval—
I give the sign of democracy; by God!
I will accept nothing which all cannot
have their counterpart of on the same
terms.—Walt Whitman.
'T'HERB seems to be   a   regretable
tendency for the word democratic
to develop Into nothing but a distinctive name for a certain class of people.
As t the real and vital meaning of the
word! democracy, lt appears to be
swamped, choked beneath a merciless,
tyrannous system, which has apparently blinded one-half of the people to
the degradation and persecution which
the other half has had to endure.
It had been hoped by many that
when the franchise was extended to
woman, she, with her natural instinct uppermost, would have thrown
her weight Into the cause of those
whose human rights and privileges
have been disregarded for so long.
Perhaps it is that not sufficient
thought Is \glven to these things—
perhaps the blare and excitement of
electioneering cloud the vision, and
dull the reasoning powers to the real
issues at stake. Perhaps, too, the
very hardest thing of all is to attempt
to make people, think. They can be
persuaded to follow, that is comparatively easy—but to think—that is a
very 'different matter.
Still there is always hope, and as
soon as the majority of the people
can be educated to demand a certain
standard from their would-be politicians, then may the people be said to
rule, and democracy will come into Its
own. If the quotation at the beginning of this article could be made
the motto for parliament, we should
be well on the way towards that
Utopia which has haunted man's vision like a will-o'-the-wisp.
Mankind, generally speaking, can
be divided into three classes, or perhaps from an evolutionary standpoint,
they should be called stages. The
first is that of the savage, and that
of the undeveloped man generally.
This would, of course, Include criminals.
These might all be cftlled the children of humanity, for man is himself
a universe In miniature, and the
stages through which he passes after
birth are reflected in the whole human race, Just as in the pre-natal
period, the earlier or pre-human evolutionary stages are passed through.
So, as I said before, we might call
these undeveloped people the children
of the race. Their distinctive characteristic Is "taking." The law of
possession is with them very strong,
and the distinction of "mine" and
"thine" is almost entirely lacking.
Let me say here, that we may find
examples of this class everywhere, irrespective of the strata of society
which they occupy.
Now we come to the second stage.
We might call lt the stage of youth,
when the child has outgrown the habit
of wanting everything which it sees
for Itself, and is at the stage where it
recognizes that somo exchange Is expected. It Is at this stage that we
flnd the" bulk of humanity todny—at
the bartering stage, willing to. give,
certainly, but wanting something in
Now, if we will look a little farther
afield, we will find some people, not
very many, though these are more
than one would think, the difficulty is
that they do not advertise themselves
and so are not always noticed, but
here and there we will find some who
belong to the third class; and they
also are in every strata of society.
They are the ones who think only of
giving, without any thought of return.
These are the altruists, the true democrats, for altruism, If it lie genuine, gives a feeling of oneness with
others, and where this oneness is recognized, the' knowledge that what
affects one affects all is recognized,
and from this we get the very highest
domocracy, which Ih in truth the very
highest and purest autocracy—whore
each man becomes a law unto himself, foj* he knows lie cnn neither improve himsolf nor degrade himself
without in a proportionate degree doing the same thing for every other
member of the human family.
Can '.hore be any doubt as to which
of these three classes should be drawn
upon for the rulers of the country?
Unfortunately, however, we seem to
have mostly drawn from the flrst two,
and our best people are usually so
modest it is difficult to dig them out
and persuade them that II Is a duty to
come to tho front lu nil affairs affecting the nation.
The people who are clamoring for
better government and bettor conditions should educate tho voter to know
exactly what he wants, and how to Insist upon getting it.
When the demand for the right
kind of representative is sufficiently
strong, we may be sure he will be
found. Tho solution Is In tho hands of
tho peoplo.
Once be properly represented, and
tho evils of the present system would
die a natural death.
But we must not forget that tho
government is a reflection of the majority—tho task beforo each one Is a
man's task, for It means a thorough
searching of self, the Herculean task
of cleaning out the stable of his Inner
nature, taking great care to be rid of
these tendencies which he at prosent
condemns so freely in those who hold
the reins of power, nnd who, if they
but knew It, nre steadily driving to
tlieir own destruction.
Send tn Ypur Bundle Orders -Now
Prices for The B. 0. FederationiBt
ordered in bundles: Fifty fer %_, 100
for $3.50, BOO for $10-    Mailed to nny
Be sure to notify \he post office as
soon as you change your address.
The Three Great Parties
[By W. W.3
AUR daily papers are now giving us
*"* some warning of the "great fight"
that will be staged in the very near
future, when the election for our pro-
vinvlal parliament takes place. We
are told that the three "great" parties are out for a rough and tumble
fight, and are given to understand
that we can look forward to an election that will be .unequalled for a real
live mud-slinging contest. How long,
how long ln heaven's name are the
workers of British Columbia going to
stand for such downright nonsense to
be staged in their expense, when
thousands of them are out of work,
many working for starvation wages,
and the majority, at best, only making
a bare existence. I should like to
shout from the house-tops, to all
workers, men and women, "up guards
and at 'em," for not only Is it our
duty to try and protect our own interests, but what ls more important
is that the heritage of .our children is
being squandered right and left by
the present politicians and their parasite followers. Are we going to allow
this state of things to continue indefinitely ? We are not, and already the
olans are gathering, the beacon fires
are lit, and we are birding on our armour ready for the fray. What has
done successfully last provincial election in the South Vancouver and Burnaby constituencies could be repeated
ln every constituency in British Columbia with exactly the same result,
aqd the three "great" parties could
be blown into oblivion, like chaff (and
what else are they but chaff) before
the wind. Full reports were published showing the success of the
above election, when Comrade Harry
Neelands was returned at the head of
the poll, but lu order to bring the
lesson home more fully, and for the
bentflt of those hot familiar with It,
I will endeavor to give a brief outline
of this particular fight.
A mere handful of labor men from
Soutli Vancouver met a handful of
labor men and women from Burnaby
In the city, decided to flght the election, and duly nominated Comrade
Neelands as their standard-bearer.
There was at that time no existing organization in either South Vancouver
or Burnaby, nor any funds at their
disposal to start the campaign. What
they did have was faith, faith in themselves, and faith in their fellow workers. They hired halls and schoolrooms, and took up collections, together with a few subscriptions given by
sympathizers, and were thus able to
pay their way as they went along, the
only expense 'being the rents of the
halls and printing or handbills—all
the work attched to the election being
done voluntarily. The whole cost of
the fight was $150, and the committee
had raised about $200, thus leaving a
surplus of about $50, which was divided amongst three labor organizations
in the city, if my memory serves me
right. Comrade Neelands had three
opponents, and It would be a fair es
tlmato to say that they spent, squandered, or otherwise disposed of, considerably over $10,000 in their endeavor to blind the workers and gain
further power over them.
I see in the last of The Feleration-
Ist an appeal from the Burnaby branch
of the F. L. P. to other residents of
the constituency, who are in sympathy with the party, to send in their
names and help to form branches. I
should like to make an appeal to all
the workers of British Columbia,
where two or three can meet together
in the name of labor, to send in their
names and address to Dr. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks building, Vancouver,
and state what prospects there are
for running a labor candidate in their
Are the workers of British Columbia going to attend the meetings of
the three "great parties," and listen
in silence to their mud-slinging orations,'or are they going to leave them
severely alone, and let them do their
dirty work amongst themselves, and
see where it will land tliem; tho workers in tho meantime, attending to their
own business and taking ah interest
in their own candidates''.' What will
the threo "groat parties" have '.o offer
the workors? They may talk a little
at tbe conclusion of their speeches
(after disclosing all the grafting and
thieving that has been done by their
opponents, nr going to he done if tho
now party is successful), about causing more worlt for the unemployed
when the grain starts moving westward, but they won't sav nnything
nbout such nn event causing unemployment In Fort William. They may
talk about .trying to lower the freight
rates from tlie east, and tlio completion at some future date of the P. O.
-., but how in the name of common-
sense that will improve tha unemployed situation, t cannot see. In
fact, they will talk about anything but
getting off thc backs of the workers,
and the sooner we throw them off
our backs, stop listening to their
twaddle, and ditch the whole bunch,
tho better It will be for us and the
rising generation. This can h_ dono
If the workers, men and women, wouM
only contribute ten conts each, ond
let their votes follow thoir dimes, and
tho great campaign funds of the three
"grent parties" would be used, for
Once, nnd lastly, In making the rope
to hang themselves with, and just
about pay for thoir political funerals.
To put this Idea into practical shape,
I would suggest tlint lalior has a tag
day, and the workers bo given a chnnce
to buy thoir freedom for ton cents.
If thoy could nol wear the tags in
front of their coats, thoy could tag
them in front of theh' vents, underneath their coats. Now then, altogether, boys, and nwny we go, and try
and catch Macdonald In the first
Always look up The Fed. advertiser,
before mnking purchases.
When through with this paper, pass
it on.
r* OVERNMENT Economy: People
^ are still losing life as a result of
the war. Thirteen girls were recently
killed In an explosion at Erith, while
engaged ln separating the component!
parts of cartridges not used In the last
war—presumably for the next war.
* *     *
Talking of war, already one section
of the followers of the unwarlike Carpenter; are wondering what pose to
take when the next war happens
along. One worthy bishop believes,
"God was on our side, because we
wer > on the side of the oppressed." I
wonder whose side God's on now we
have reduced Germany to misery.
* *     *
It's queer how the touchy national
spirit takes cold where a class-conscious rebel ls concerned. But maybe
the British labor government will do
something for its one time supporters
(when it was merely the I. L. P.),
who are cooling their heels In U. S. A.
prisons, serving 14 years for being on
strike and belonging to a union of
their choice.   That's allf
* • .   •
Russia, of necessity, is completing
the "vicious circle"—peasant population to capitalism even though state
capitalism. Russia is dependent on
European and American political progress to a very great extent. '
* *     *
Alas! we laborites, communists and
bolshies are a terrible lot. We are
accused by a celebrated lady who declares there are too many proletarian
schools, of destroying law and order
and openly teaching sedition and
treason. Cheers! We didn't know
we were so advanced.
* *     •
We thought Upton Sinclair's book,"
"King Coal" was only applicable to
the United States. But no! In Canada you may work as a miner for
several days and flnd your cash account minus, because the company
obligingly relieves you of superfluous
cash by providing "digs" for you—and
such "digs." Not so bad In cold
weather, because the beds are always
warm from the last shift. No wonder
discontent and tuberculosis are at a
premium in Canada!
* *     *
Socialism advances as socialist
opinion is created. We aH know
that when men and women accept and
understand that our idoas are scientifically true as well as morally right;
that they "wdrk;" that If applied
they can give us what Hardie called a
regime of "fraternity founded on justice;" then„ and only then, can constructive socialism come into operation. The barriers, the obstacles can
be cleared, bit by bit; achievement
dopends upon opinion. The govern
ment is dealing with the obstacles. It
is also creating the opinion. The sec
ond process Is going on as fast, if not
faster, than the flrst, and some of the
sighs are worth registering for our
own encouragement. They are part
of our essential ammunition.
* *      »
The Sunday Express, in'its different
way, oqhoes tho same disquiet. Ml*.
Baldwin's curious speech at Cambridge spells, for them, Impotence in
an opposition leader. In the Sunday
Horald. Sir John Foster Fraser, no
friend of ours, writes:
The restraint which is placed on the
present government by the other two
parties will one of these days be advertised as an Inherent quality of the
government itself.
When the majority of us laugh at
the old fear that a socialist government meant flying-awny capital, find
that nfter all we have not had to
shace our saved bawbees with greasy
slackers, that, indeed, the world rolls
round very much as usual, "we will
have a general election.
It is on the cards the socialists will
he roturned with an independent majority, Then we will have a real socialist programme, and some of us
will wake up from complaisant doping and feel tho world is bumping
rather awkwardly.
* ' ♦      •
Some timo ago the Manchester
Guardian had a highly significant
leader on Mr. Macdonald's "opon diplomacy," In this they point out that
by being "sincere, humane and honest" very important things have nl-
ready heen achieved, uud greater are
in storo, Thero Is hero a solid guarantee of growing confidence on iho
pari of those Innumerable mon and
women throughout .the country who
try to arrive at political opinions on a
basis of realism; who look at what is
done, and how It ls done, and Judge
accordingly. Moreover,        another
thought, suggested by the Guardian.
will surely work in their mind. /It ls
Tho success of this procedure has so
far boon as'groat as lis ususualness"
(unusual lu being honest, humane,
sincere) "and one can hardly fall t(.
wonder whether tho exorcise of a like
sincerity, a liko openness, ten years
ago might not have thwarted one of
the greatest calamities with which
the world has heen afflicted In all
Is not that an admission of an essential part of the I. L. P. case against
the war? It was not "Just and inevitable;" ft could havo been prevented
by the sincerity and oponnoss with
which, in a situation at least as explosive. Mr. Macdonald is preventing
any such catastrophe today. Think
over thnt. electors.   It leads you far.
* *      •
Gradually, if slowly, the Idea Js beginning to penetrate that the worker
Is not part of the machinery he oper-
ntt's, bn' a human being. "Speeding
down," as against l'speedlng up," Is
advocated In tho report Just issued by
the Medical Research council and tho
Industrial Fatigue board. Tho introduction of systematic: rout pauses, it
has been demonstrated, was "almost
Invariably followed by a slight, but
genuine, Improvement In output."
In the opinion of the board, there
You Can Buy a
Hoover Now
The New
itUSwmt* atUQa-M
can pay in monthly in-
_____________________________________ stallments of $6.25. This
offer is j?ood for $iis month only. Every housekeeper can use a Hoover to advantage—it saves
time and labor—because it beats as it sweeps as
it cleans. Three features at one time—some-
• thing no other vacuum sweeper can do. These
are housecleaning days—let us show on one of
the rugs in your home the wonderful help a
Hoover can be to you. $4.50 cash puts it in the
home and $6.25 monthly quickly pays the
Demonstration Booth, Main Floor.
(» iHcont-itKrto.. T*Vtr* hav lero      •% ™
seems to be justification for stating
that in light repetitive work the Judicious introduction of reBt pauses may
not only tend to reduce monotony, and
so Increase the contontment of the
workers, but may also often bring
about on,increaso In output amounting to from 5 to 10 per cent., In spite
of the diminution in working time.
*      •     •
Rest pauses act most favorably on
slow workers; the slowest third in rf
group of labellers improved 17 per
cent, the. intermediate 13 per cent,
and the quickest S per cent, The investigator, Mr. Wyatt, states that "the
results of thc experiments described
in this report suggest that monotonous activities of the type under consideration cause a considerable reduction in output, which is most apparent ahout the nflddle of tlj,' spell of
work. This reduction can be avoided
to a eortain oxtont by the introduction
of a rest pause of fifteen minutes' duration halfway through tho spell, and
such a pause is slightly more effective
than two rests of 7% minutes oach,
introduced at Intervals of 50 minutes.
There Is an increase In output not
only nfter the rest, but also before
the pause takes place.
Every roader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable ■snistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker lo subscribe. It does not Uke
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Pass The Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
Why lost George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does lt.    Why not do It yourself?
SEALED TENDERS, wldressod to the on-
dersignttd  for the  undermentioned works,
will   bo   received   by   the counoil up to 8
'Mock p.tn. on Tuesday. April 22, 1824:
1. Construction of 5560 ft. (approximately) ol lateral Bowers. ■
2. Grading of Dunbar Park (approximately 0500 c- yards).
;i. Erection of Pavilion nt Athletic Park
■l. Clearing nuil draining 28th Ave. from
Dunbar St. westerly 650 ft. (area approximately 1 acre).
Npecilirntions, conditions and forms of
lender may lie obtained on application lo
the Municipal Kntrlneor on payment of Five
Dollars, which will be returned If a bona
tide tender is made.
A deposit hy rush or certified cheque of
ten (10) por cent, of the amount of tho tender must accompany eaeh tender as security
that, if ealled upon, the Contractor will enter
into a contract for tho work and provide
the required   bond.
Tenders must   be  marked  on  the outside,
Tender for ''
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
C. M. C.
Municipal Hall, 5851 West Uonlcvard,
Vancouver,   B.C.,   April   11,   1924.
Hand The Federatlonist. to your
shopmate when you are through with
Warn Your Children !
IT HAS HKHX reported to me tbat
Introducing  hlmielf as  (lie School  :
li man
ting hlmielf as (lie School Doctor
has called at sovornl Vancouver homes in tho
absence of the parents, ostensibly to ox-
online the children's cbeels.
note thai Dr. Harold While. M.D.,
is the only doctor employed hy tiic Vancouver
School Board, and lliiil he does not visit
homes to make physical ^xcminallona.
In cnrv of n recurrence, pirate notify the
B, (t.  WnLPK-MBRfnX,
Secretary.  Vancouver  School   'lonrd.
CANADA-'Tind ll.HA.
Union Musicians Employed Exclusively \
NOTICE   is   hereby   (,'iven   thnt   under   tho
Provisions of Section (-190) of tbe (..[mini Code ef Canadu  it  is unlawful  for any
.Manufacturer,   Dealer,  Trader,   Bottler,   Junk
iDoaler or Junk Pedlar  (o  buy.  sell,  deal  or
1 traffic in nny bottles bearing lhe Trnde Mark
r  nnme of ihe (allowing Compnnies, vii.:
Vnncouver Breweries  Limited.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing Co. Limited,
silver Spring Browing Co. Limited.
Knfuitr Brewing Company Limited.
Weitmlmter Brewery Limited.
without the written consent of the snid com-
anies. and thnt nny person or Company who
commits a brearh of thin Section of tho
Criminal Code will be prosecuted.
Dated nt Vancouver, U. C. this 4th day of
April, 1924.
Solicitor for the above named Companies.
This Label Is a Guarantee of Purity
On Sale nt All Government Stores PAGE FOUR
sixteenth y_ub. m,. i6 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONj_ST vaiko___
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Czecho Slovakia
Unemployment — During January,
57,900 unemployed persons and their
60,000 dependents, were supported by
subsidies from thc national government. To this number should be
added 24,000 unemployed, who receive support through private concerns.
Modification of Unemployment Regulations—In view of the large number of unemployed persons in Germany, the regulation which requires
the unemployed to render work in return for the doles received, has been
modified so as to restrict such em
ployment to work required in the interest of common welfare, and to the
assignment of the unemployed to only
such work us their physical condition
will permit them to perform.
Number of Refugees—It is estimated that there is a general total of
1,136,000 refugees in Greece. Of this
number, only 200,000 are self-supporting. Agriculturists comprise 60 per
cent, of the total, and the remainder
Is comprised of tradesmen, merchants,
etc. Of the totat, some 60,000 are orphans, 10,000 of whom are being
cared for by the near east relief.
Unemployment—Due to strikes and
lockouts, Involving more than 60,000
workmen in approximately ten major
industries, the whole labor situation,
and unemployment ln particular, were
said to be worse at the beginning of
March, 1924, then they had been Jn
many months. In all, about 80,000
workmen were out of work on the first
of the month.
Immigration and Emigration—According to the official statistics for
1923, which have recently been made
available, immigration to Palestine
continues to show a decrease, while
emigration increased 68 per cent, over
that of 1922; and despite the fact that
Jews comprise only 11 per cent, of the
population of Palestine, 70 per eent
of the emigrants were Jews.
No Subsidy for Emigration—According to the Tagblatt der Stadt, Zurich, the Swill federal government expended one million francs in 1923 for
.the purpose of facilitating the emigration of Swiss citizens and securing
employment for them in foreign
countries. The Swiss Federal council
is said to be of the opinion that emigration should not be subsidized this
FfilfrAY ..■■■;...,.,..„.;,AprH. l-   n
Meet Mr. Barnum, Jr.
By W1ME&
Prof. T. H. Boggs
(Continued from pnge 1)
Anti-War Day, 1924
regnrd for one's country, which, however, should not lead one to disregard
the rights of other nations. Some alternative must be found to national
militarism. As the organization of a
central community power was effective In removing from our national or
community life, the settlement of our
private disagreements by the use of
force, so we must look to the organization of a central power or an international scale to settle national disputes. The alternative does not lie in
a British imperial scheme of self-sufficiency. No matter how honorable and
peaceable our motive may be, or however much we may wish to be left
alone, there ls Involved in such a plan
the principle of the balance of power
and alliances; and within the empire,
stiff • preferences and Inter-imperial
protection. In the end, misunderstandings would arise which must ultimately lead to discord if not war.
In closing his review, Prof, Boggs
pointed out that in the opinion of Air.
Angell, the solution lay in the formation of a workable internationalism,
and that if the world Is ever to enjoy
the peace and goodwill which we
would all desire, it can be attained
only through some form of economic
internationalism, In which every nation would be accorded Its rightful
place In the comity of nations, whether
they be large or small.
Why   Do Teachers   Hate Their
Jobs and Children
"No More War"
Following is culled from a reproduction ot a calendar printed in London, dated 1713: "Our victories in
Flanders have been crowned by a
treaty signed at Utrecht. This war
maketh further wars impossible forever. We cannot be too thankful for
Hand your neighbor this copy or
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a" subscription.
What about your neighbor's
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade 'Treea, Seeds, Bulbs, Florfets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
it Hasting* Street East        2—STORES—2        .6. GranvUle Street
Sey. »88-_72 "SAT IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9S1I-1SI1
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
•f McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
|2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Ask for
Pale Ale
A fan-bodied, fine flavored Ale
tint wiU compare in quality with
ny of tlte fhmous imported
■h^ aad at mueh kas cost to the
Hours Spent on Subjects of No
Use When School Days
Are Over   ,
. [By Frances Wills]
WHAT Is wrong with oui* boasted
modern eduactional system? Why
do most teachers hate their jobs, nnd
why do most children secretely hate
school? Are these impertinent questions, or do they concern us all? If
so, let us consider them for a moment.
Teachers hate their work, and children their schools because the whole
system Is wrong: because It is ln line
with the Industrial system, because in
some of Its aspects, It is a miniature
Industrial system. Because the worthwhile radical element has no chance
against the mass of reaction, red-tape,
self seeking and placid content. Because radicalism is promptly squashed and-because it is nearly always
Inarticulate. Tho radical teacher is
in an impossible position, hampered,
limited and discouraged at every turn,
and for whom private enterprise' is
the only solution. But the average
teacher Is moulded In early youth to
flt into the system, and soon becomes
an * idoal cramming machine unconscious that the system might be different; or if vaguely dissatisfied,
afraid, owing to pressure of circumstances (in the shape of dependents),
to do differently.
So much for tht teacher. We are
al! familiar with the child's miseries.
Of course, there are Instances where
these remarks do not apply, but these
are few and far between. The years
of a child's life, which should be the
most happy, are used for cram nnd
grind and generally with one end in
view—examinations. Not tho effect
on after-life, on Ideas; simply a scrap
of paper. Once this is attained, it is
quite possible to forget; to stretch
one's legs, mentally. And meanwhile
the most important, because most impressionable, years are gone. Hours
and hours have been spent on subjects which are no use once schooldays are over, while the. vital facts of
life have all been missed. Yes, and
harm has been done. Knowledge
pursued for the sake of a paltry examination is rarely loved for its own
sake afterwards, and without love of
knowledge, how can a man spend his
leisure aright, how can he care for
the beautiful in Ufe—literature, art
and music, when these things were insufferably dry and dreary at school?
And what is more, how can the
credulous youth know that education
is in the hands of a system, which
not out for the good of humanity?
How can the boys and girls know that
they have been poisoned to some ex
tent, when they have never learned to
question, and to doubt that which
they hear or read? How can they
know that history is a perverted subject as taught usually, nnd that patriotism is a snare to themselves and
a traitor to the peace of the world?
How can they know that their point
of view Is painfully one-sided and
ludlcroqsly prejudiced? And once
they realize all these things, it takes
yenrs to unlearn thom nnd to replace
them with reasonable, broad-minded
But not otily do we disagree with
whnt ia taught In school. We quarrel
with the methods of teaching. Coercion is deplorable, what ever form lt
At all Government Tendon
it not fS-i-U- oc daphy-ri fay  .
tin *Tfriiir* Control Doud of by too Government of
Britiih Columbia.
Loggers and Surveyors
Blade to Order
Onr Specialty
Repairing  Neatly  Done
i   VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Phone, Seymonr 936
takes. Once it took the form of tho
cane or the strap. It still does in
some unvlclllzed parts, and Is the
greatest argument of parents nnd
teachers, when dealing with naughty
children. But up-to-date methods
are slightly different. Nevertheless,
the aim Is the same; obedience nnd
attention to authority. And this is
the greatest grievance with present,
day education. It teaches obedience
to the teacher; therefore, obedience
In the political and industrial world
follows naturally. It is the greatest
preparation for wage-slavery.
The child or grown-up who has
never learned to rebel, will not only
be physically a slave, but mentally
and morally he will be a slave* Every
newspaper will become gospel to him,
everything bearing the stamp of authority will be beyond dispute. He
has never been trained to think nnd
reason for himself, and indeed it is
much easier to let others think and
reason for him. And how hard
it is to persuade the average working-
man to throw off his lethargy nnd
think; otherwise labor would not be
in its present wretched condition, nt
the whim of every intellect that can
make a pleasing appeal. Labor is indeed a giant of immense strength and
capabilities, but blind and unreasoning. And education Is to blame. It
has drugged our manhood and womanhood; they have never learned to
face truths. They have been moulded
to a pattern; . originality has been
crushed, self-development has been
dwarfed. Some talent and genius
have grown, not because of so-called
education, but in spite of It.
The capitalist system has, of course,
been responsible for this. Yet the
socialists, because they happen to be
against the wasteful competitive system under which we groan, are accused of being enemieB of originality
and individuality. This Is most untrue, as anyone who is aware of what
socialists think and have put into
practice in regard to education, must
At present the reformer is up
against a stone wall, for not only elementary education, but the higher
branches need putting In order, nnd
they are Interlocked. The high schools
demand certain standards of public
school candidates, just as the universities require certain standards. Examinations form the chief gateway to
knowledge (knowledge of a sort, that
is), and just like the hero of H. G.
Wells' "Joan and Peter," we find
those gates remarkably high and the
treasures within not alwayB worth the
And now, having said all these
nasty things about education volumes
might be written on the new conception of education, the education we
Individuals want, the education- that
will lead to better things in this world
of ours. But strangely enough, parents nearly go bald when they realize
how far-reaching the new education
will be, and how it will upset some of
their most cherished ideas about how
to train children. One can but plead
that the old order has made a nad
muddle of things, and must yield place
to newer, saner, more reasonable
(To be continued)
Martin-Harvey Stage Prince-
Vancouver theatre-goers are looking forward with keen anticipation to
Sir John Martin-Harvey's two-week
engagement at the Orpheum theatre,
April 28 to May 10 inclusive. Wonderful press notices are recorded
wherever the actor-knight has appeared on this tour, and under the
heading, "A Prince of the Stage," the
Montreal Gazette says: "It is a new
and welcome revelation of the genius
of Sir John Martin-Harvey that has
been vouchsafed to the theatre-going
public of Montreal during the week
.lust closing. Por a score of years he
had been held in affectionate remembrance In Canada as an actor of poetic personality, high ideals and uner
ring technique, these attributes having been displayed in a succession of
plays which included such purely sen
timental or romantic efforts as "The
Only Way," "The Breed of the Trea-
hams," "David Garrlck" and "A
Cigarette-Maker's Romance." AH
were done with exquisite delicacy of
art nnd assured Instinct for effect, but
they left the beholder with an unsatisfied sense that their chief merits were
thoee lent them by the ennobling
touch of the chief player, and that he
was capable of much finer things,
feeling that received Impersonal confirmation by the brief despatches or
other communications that told of
Martin -Ha reel's successes in London
or the provinces in the production of
the Shakespearean, the medieval and
the clnsslc drama."
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their .subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
innch effort to do this.   Try It,
[Canadian Railway Employees
TF A STRIKE was on in your neighborhood, how would you feel about
it if the dominion government's employees offices immediately advertised
for workers and pumped them into
the territory where the strike was
taking place? You'd recognize at once
that the government was performing
the part of a strike-breaker, and protest with all your power.
Such a protest is needed in Canada
now because the whole policy of the
government's immigration department
is designed to pump Cannda full of
men who will work for lower wages
than present Canadians are willing to
accept. Because many have recognized this, they have publicly and emphatically denounced the immigration
efforts of the government,
But is it likely that their protest
wilt go unheeded unless supported hy
an Immediate and widespread demand
on the part of workers that the government deslBt from fllling Canada
with potential strike-breakers.
For the pressure on the government
In the opposite direction is intense
Bank presidents, presidents of industrial concerns, boards of trade, newspapers, atl echo "his master's voice"
in asking for a greater surplus of labor power in order to deflate wages.
They camouflage as a rule, claiming
that Cannda needs to be built up in
order to reduce taxation, etc.. but their
real purpose is revealed by an occasional utterance, Buch ns that by Sir
Edmund Walker, of the Bank of Commerce.   Hear him;
"We referred a year ago to immigration conditions in Canada and the
United StateB, and to the policy of
both countries as opposed to what to
us seemed to be their true interest.'
That we ought to exclude all subnormal types ls evident, and that those
who do not belong to the so-called
white races will be excluded is presumed, but apart from these restrictions we should let the bars down if
we expect to equalize the rewards of
labor In the cities and towns aa compared with agriculture, the striking
Inequality In which is in, onr opinion
thc most serious feature of the business conditions of North America."
What does he mean? Farmers arc
making little or no money after they
pay bank charges. Therefore the city
workers should be put fn a position
where they earn little or no money.
That this is clear is proved by a later
statement io the same address:
"Immigration from other countries
than Canada Is so restricted that labor
In manufacturing centres Ib paid more
highly than almost ever."
In view of what has happened in
banking circles, starting with the absorption of the Merchants bank and
continuing to the most recent disappearance of the Bank Nationale, the
workers are less prepared than ever
to look upon the heads of.the banks
as all-wise and all-knowing.
And they are certainly suspicious,
when not hostile, when the advice
rendered by such men as Sir Edmund
Walker is calculated to lessen the
amount of work and the amount of
wages they receive.
The workers are not opposed to Immigration as such. But they are bitterly opposed to the policy of substituting Canadians with Europeans.
And that is what our immigration
policy to date has meant; we have
swapped the Canadian exile for the
European immigrant for decades. Th.
population of the country would cer
tainly be greater if conditions were
made sufficiently attractive for the
Canadian worker so that he wasn't
driven across the border to work for
living wages.
There is a crumbling of faith in the
financiers and the politicians; there is
a rumbling of discontent, a rising tide
of resentment against conditions that
are making life intolerable for the
workers of this country. In their
eagerness for a plentiful scab supply
men like  Sir  Edmund   Walker may
have their little day, dictating as they
do the policies of the Mackenzie Kings
and Arthur Meighens. But have they
counted the ultimate cost?
Royal Theatre
Sunday Evening
At 8 p.m.
Labor M.L.A., Newcastle, V.I.
Under Auspices
Socialist Party of Canada
Mr. Macdonald has one qualfflcat
for a British prime minister, he I
not been nfrnid of unpopularity.—!
Ask for CA-TO'8.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Tbii tlvut-uraut is not pubini.d « displayed by tke Liquor Control Board or
 by tbo OoTtnuMM of British Columbia
Tnat tbe principle of the Collective Bargain is operative and no strikes or lockouts are permitted.
That the manufacturers and employees are settling
their disputes through mutual adjustment or arbitration without losses from cessation of work,
That industry and workmanship are benefited by
uninterrupted production leading to highest quality.
That goods will be delivered on time so that dealers
and wearers may be assured of seasonable footwear
in season.
A system of handling labor problems that has been
in operation more than twenty-five years and hai
created growing respect between employers and
employees.  "
Manufacturers ahd workmen producing shoes bearing the above Stamp deserve the support of all wage
earners and their friends of industrial peace.
Shoe retailers are requested to oarry full lines of
shoes bearing the Stamp, and all friends of fair and
equitable labor relations are requested to purchase
List of makers of shoes bearing the Stamp furnished on request.
Boot & Shoe
Workers Union
246 Bummer Street, Boston, Mass.
Oeneral President
Oeneral Secretary-Treasurer
Plan Your Trip
Every Assistance Offered
Reservations and Passports
K. fir-invllN* Sir*


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