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British Columbia Federationist Jan 25, 1924

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Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners
Programme of Trades and Labor
Oongress of Canada
for 1024
Synopsis of Reasons Advanced for
Immediate Action by Federal Oovernment
rE Executive council of the TradeB
and Labor congress of Canada
recently held an Important session at
Ottawa, when the legislative programme of that body for 1924 was
decided upon, A copy of the following document was sent to each of the
cabinet ministers of the federal government. It contains some ot the
declarations and decisions of tho
Vancouver convention held last Sep*
tember, and also a synopsis of the
reasons advanced for Immediate
action thereon:
Legislative   Programme,  Trades  and
Labor Congress ol Canada,
January, 1924
1. An act limiting the Hours of
labor to not more than eight per
2. An act to provide insurance for
3. An act to provide for one day's
rest ln seven.
unemployed persons.
4. Amendments to the criminal
(a) To re-establish the right of
peaceful picketing and pre-*
vent misues of injunctions in
labor disputes;
(b) Restore the right of freedom of speech, press and assembly;
(c) To define sympathetic strikes;
(d) To eliminate reference to
sedition, seditious conspiracy,
6. Amendments to Immigration act:
(a) Repeal of provision which
discriminates against British-
born citizens;
(b) Prohibit entry of contract
labor unless secured through
Employment Service of Canada;
(o) To guarantee the right of
trial by Jury before deportation for political offences;
(d) Repeal of amendments od
' 'soselbh"'ar'',i9i9 which bring
within the prohibited classes
those exercising the reasonable
right of assembly and freedom
of Bpeech.
6. Amendments to the Industrial
Disputes Act:
(a) To provide for clearer definition as to whom the Act applies;
(b) Equal application of the
act to employers and workerB
(c) Substitution of "a declaration of failure to reach agreement by direct negotiation" for
present oath "to the belief of
the declarant a strike or lock
out will be declared."
7. An Act to protect the health of
1 workers by
(a) Controlling the use of white
I'.f         lead In painting;
(b) Prevention of anthrax.
8. An Act to establish old age.pen
[ sions,
9. Fair Wage Act,
10. An Act to grant the   right   of
I Registration of Union Labels.
11. Amendments to the    Shipping
I Act:
(a) To fix minimum age of admission of employment of children;
(b)'Improve working conditions
of marine engineers.
12. Repeal of Sales Tax.
13. An Act to Establish Health In-
114. An Act to give effect to Prison
Reform as recommended in the report  of  the  Special Advisory  Com-
nlttee Prison Reform, 1921.
.   15. Amendments to the Mllltla Act
[to provide against the misuse of the
military forces during Industrial dia-
16. Amendments to the Bank Act to
assure   depositors against  loss.
17. An Act to guarantee the right
| of all workers to organize.
18. Amendments to the Election
(a) To provide for proportional
representation in group constituencies and transferable vote in single constituencies;
"(b) To make election day a public holiday throughout the Dominion;
(c) To abolish forfeiture of
election deposits;
(d) Repeal of Clause 10, Franchise Act, 1920, which prohibits trade unions and similar organizations contributing to
election campaign funds.
- Following are extracts of declarations and decisions of the 39th Annual Convention of the Trades nnd
_jabor Congress of Canada held in
[Vancouver, B.C., September, »1923.
Favorable notice was taken of the
jneasure enacted during last session
af Parliament aiming to restrict the
snt ranee of Chinese Into Canada and
Uso the appointment of a Minister
Eif Immigration.
. The immigration policies submitted
(Continued on page 2)
, flint Labor Premier of Great
\ % Britain Hakes Known
yvi\    His Cabinet
Right Hon. J. R. Clynes Becomes
Lord Privy Seal and
Deputy Leader
f\N TUESDAY, Ramsay Macdonald,
Great Britain's new prime minister, was sworn In as a -privy councillor shortly after noon at Buckingham
palace. As he drove from the palace
he doffed his hat to a crowd of workers, who shouted:
"Good old Mac, you've got the Job
now!" 4
When the house of commons resumed in the afternoon, Mr, Baldwin announced that His Majesty had accepted his resignation. -
After the commons had adjourned,
Premier Macdonald returned to the
palace, and submitted a list of hts
cabinet.   They are as follows:
premier and secretary for foreign affairs.
Rtrfcon. J. R. CLYNES, lord privy
seal and deputy leader in the house
of commons.
Lord PARMOOR, lord president of
the council.
Viscount HALDANE, lord chancellor.
PHILLIP SNOWDEN, chancellor of
the' exchequer.      •
secretary for home affairs.
Rt. Hon J. H. THOMAS, secretary
for the colonies.
STEPHEN WALSH, secretary for
Sir SYDNEY OLIVIER, secretary
for India.
Brigadier-General CHRISTOPHER
THOMPSON, air minister.
Viscount CHELMSFORD, first lord
of the admiralty.
SYDNEY WEBB, president of tho
board of trade.
JOHN WHEATLEY, minister of
NOEL BUXTON, minister of agrl
for Scotland.
.0,..P...T;BEVHLYAN, president of
the board of education.
THOMAS SHAW, minister of labor.
VERNON HARTSHORN, postmaster-general.
cellor for the Duchy of Lancaster.
F, W. JOWETT, commissioner of
Central Labor Body Urged to Action in Conserving Lives
on Waterfront
The Building Trades committee of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
met In the Holden building on Tuesday evening. There wob a fair attendance, with Delegate W. Dunn, of the
carpenters, in the chair.
Considerable discussion took place
as to the advisability of using quar-
terly working buttons. The report of
the special committee was accepted as
one of progress. No action was taken,
however, delegates instructed to take
the matter back to their various locals
for an expression of opinion and de
finite instructions.
Delegate Hunt tendered his resignation as secretary. This was accepted
with regret, and a vote of thanks accorded him for past services.
Delegate W. A. Thomson, of the
Pile Drivers, was elected to the position of secretary, in place of Delegate
Delegates reported no new developments had occurred ln the building
In view of recent regrettable acci*
dents on the local waterfront, a resolution was passed by the committee
urging the Trades and Lubor council
to endeavor to take such action as
will best conserve the lives of waterfront workers. This matter will be
laken up with the executive of tho
central labor body at once.
The next meeting of the Building
Trades committee will be held on Feb.
Tom Richardson Speaks
Torn Richardson, former labor
member ln the British house of corn
mons, waB the speaker at. a meeting
of Vancouver Parliamentary Debating
society last Thursday evening. Before
"the house sat," Tom gave an Inter'
esting address on correct parliamentary procedure. After the members
went into session, a resolution was in
troduced by the'labor representatives
in favor of compulsory Insurance
against death, accident nnd unenv
ployment. ^
Because Labor Is Coming Into Its
■   Own with New Macdonald ..
I   .        Stage Manager (to new performer)—Now mind thii: The latt fellow gave a very uniatiifactory performance, and we don't want any more of Aat kind.   Jutt liiten to the audience!
Hoary Mass of Class Legislation
Swept Away—Repeal of
Combination Laws
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON,  Jan.   24.—The   "back  to
the unions" campaign of, last year
was meruit to be preliminary to a
much bigger and more sustained effort
to increase the numbers and unify the
forces of the industrial movement.
We can undertake that task now with
more confidence and vigor because we
can see that labor Is coming Into Its
own, with the new Macdonald administration.
This year marks the centenary of
trade unionism. A hundred years ago,
fn 1824, the Combination laws were
repealed; there were no fewer than
34 acts of parliament jn force In 1924,
aimed at the organizations of the
working people of this country, and
framed with the deliberate purpose of
preventing the workers forming trade
unions to protect themselves against
the oppressions of the employers.
That hoary mass of class legislation
was swept away, and trade unionism
came to birth, a hundred years ago.
Trad*, unionists can devise no better
method of celebrating the hundredth
anniversary of the repeal of the Com
bination laws than by uniting their
efforts under the leadership of the
Trades Union congress general council
to bring Into the unions the workers
in every industry and trade, to amalgamate the organizations covering the
same classes of workers, to co-ordinate the action of the unions In pursuit of a common industrial policy,
and to co-operate with the labor government ln bringing about a new or-
[ der of society based on the principles
of public ownership and democratic
control of the machinery of wealth
production and distribution.
Why Should Age Be a Handicap
Where Experience I« Chief
Thing Required
Funeral of R. A. Bird, Old-time
Employee of B. C. Electrio
Railway Company
R. A, IBrd, an old employee of the
B. C. Electric Railway company, acting as a motorman, died suddenly
from natural causes last Wednesday,
while spending his day off at home.
The late Mr. Bird, who was 62 years
of age, has been employed on the
local street car system for about 14
years. He leaves to mourn his loss
six sons and three daughters, to whom
sympathy Is extended on their bereavement. The funeral was largely
attended, and a wealth of floral tributes testified to the esteem In which
the veteran motorman was held by his
fellow employees and the community
IM ft
Japanese Firm Plan to Erect a
$250,000 Lumber Mill in
South Vancouver
A new $250,000 lumber mill ls evidently to be built by Japanese In South
Vancouver. Taketlro Shlmolsaka, of
the Shlmolsaka Timber company,
Brandon Harbor, near Eagle bay, has
purchased 6.3 acres of waterfront property on the North Fraser, according
to a recent announcement. The new
property, which has been purchased
from the municipality for $7300, is
Just west of the Dominion Creosotlng
& Lumber, Ltd., plant.
Building will commence at once on
a plant designed to produce 25.000 to
30,000 feet of lumber per day. The
mill will be located west of Doman
road. It is the Intention of the Shlmolsaka Timber company to cut cedar
for export to Japan.
Is this one more step towaids a
white British Columbia?
Start a Union to Oet Increase^)
■    Wages and Shorter Hours
of Work
Starting union labor banks in the
city of Chicago has enabled the clerks
to get Increased wages and shorter
hours, forty hours a week Instead of
sixty, with payment for overtime. The
Chicago Bank Employees' association
has a signed agreement with one bank
and Ib negotiating amicably with two
others. The Amalgamated Trust and
Savings bank ls 100 per cent, union. ■
The other two banks handling large
accounts In union funds are talking
business with the bank clerks' union.
The union was organized in April,
1923, and holds a federal charter from
the A. F. of L. The initiation fee Is
$2 and the dues are a flat rate of $1
a month, regardless of the wage the
member ls drawing. All bank employees except these under the jurisdiction of other A. F. of L. unions,
like the janitors, are eligible. Bank
officers, from assistant cashier up, are
Bank clarks In Chicago work longer
hours and get less pay than most
manual workers. Clerks and adding
machine operators get from $16 to $20
a week. In the federal reserve bank
a receiving teller who has been on the
Job three years gets as little aB $110 x
month, while $150 a month ts regarded as pretty good pay, Paying tellers
in responsible positions think they are
lucky to get anywhere near $200 a
month. The hours, Instead of being
confined to the union limit of forty
hours a woek, lost until the work ls
done, which stretches to ten a day,
especially in tho quarterly Interest figuring periods.
Unton Socretary Gets Hani tabor
For converting to his own use funds
belonging to Drumheller local of the
United Mine Workers of America, Arthur EvanB, formerly secretary of the
local, was sentenced at the criminal
assizes at Calgary to threo years' hard
labor. Tho funds thus-diverted from
the legitimate purposes of the union
amounted to $2500.
Printer Heads School Board
Trustee J. E. Wilton, a member of
Vancouver Typographical union, was
elected chairman of Point Grey school
board, at the annual meeting of tlm
board, held on Monday evening.
Be a reformer, if you will, but begin on yourself.
Demanding Delivery af Goods
The working class connot now
stampeded on a purely academic Issue
like tariff roform versus free trado.
They are now demanding, not phrases
and theories, but the delivery of the
goods, says James Maxton, M, p.
What the British Labor Party Can
Do for the People
of India
[Labor Press Service]
"I believe In my heart," said George
Lansbury, M. P., at a meeting in
Wakefield, "that it is a God-given opportunity that the labor movement of
this country has today to stave off upheaval In India. I believe that our
people, lf they get the opportunity,
can do such things as will make the
Indians believe that we mean what we
say when we tell them that we want
India to be the brightest jewel in the
great British federation of free peoples."
Show a Big Mind
Let the labor party try to show a
big mind In this crisis, and confidence
will crown service with power, says J.
Ramsay Macdonald, M, P,
Settlement of Cranbrook Trouble
Seems Remote—Lumbermen Obdurate
Proepects of an immediate settlement of thc strike among the loggers
In the Cranbrook district seem remote.
Tho locat loggers union is nffilinted
with the I. Wi W, The lumber operntors of tho East Kootenay district,
through the Mountnln Lumbermen's
association, have Issued a s'n'onient
to the.otYoot that the., v ill neither
deal with nor I'ecognWO in any way
the I. W. W., sn thnt there is every
possibility of trouble. The rent question nt issue seems to he tho recognition of tho rights of tho I. W. W. to
treat for tbe demands of tho men affected.
Hon. A. M. Manson has instructed
J. D. McNiven, deputy minister of labor, to go to Cranbrook arid Investigate the strike of loggers.
A mun's happiness—to do the
things proper to man.—Marcus Aurelius.
The happiness of men consists In
life.   And life is in labor.—Tolstoi.
Labor's Request to Be Oiven Consideration at the Coming
"The executive members of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
met Premier W, L. Mackenzie King
and twelve members of his cabinet
on Monday last," said Vice-president
R. P. Pettipiece, who has roturned to
Vancouvor from, a recent visit to Ottawa. "We received a splendid hearing and an assurance that at lenst
some of the requests made by labor'B
representatives would be incorporated
Into legislation at the coming session
of tho house of commons.
"Industrial conditions round Ottawa and Toronto are reportod by labor
officials to bo much better than a yenr
ago; but at Winnipeg tho working
people seem to be having tough Bled-
ding, One union man told me he had
burned one ton of coal, costing $13.50,
tn seven days in a five room house."
The executive of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada comprises:
Tom Mooro, president; J. T. Fostor,
vice-president; R, P. Pettipiece, vice-
president; J. A, Crawford, vice-president, and P. M, Draper, secretary-
B. O. E, lt. Employee Injured
. Jim Sanzalane, an employee of the
B. C. Electric Railway company, sustained a broken rib on Tuesday afternoon when struck by an automobile,
driven by Thomas Doans, at Cambie
and Broadway.
Annual Income, twenty pounds; annual expenditure, nineteen nineteen-
six.   Result, happiness.—Dickens.
Soutli Vancouver Municipal Hied Ions
The following candidates were elected last Saturday:
FOR"rEEVE—Thos. Brooks, 1763.
(Unsuccessful, J. W. Cornett, 1701).
COUNCILLORS — Buckingham,
1066 votes; Coltart, 605; Gordon, 161;
GHmmett, 231; Hall, 278; Hardy, 489;
Mnsters, 237.
POUCH COMMISSIONERS—Armstrong, 1315;  Macdonald,  1229.
SCHOOL TRUSTEB&—Dingle, 597;
McNolsh, 597; Ramsay, 597; Lindsay,
583; Walters, 597. Tho actual voto
registered for Wallers was 794, the
votes ln excess of the necessary quota
to elect being divided among the othor
candidates according to the P. R.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor at
Washington, D. C.
Change in Unemployment Support:
According to a recent order, the employment bureau of tho city of Dresden will mako unemployment doles
dependent upon the accomplishment
by tho unemployed, of such work as
thc city may assign to them. Each
person receiving unemployment pay
must work twenty hours weekly, regardless of the amount of money received.
Great Britain
Unemployment: In December, tho
wholely unemployed, on the live registers, totalled approximately 1,180,200,
a decrease of 14,250 under the preced
Ing week. The numbor working short
Ume and drawing benefits for Inter-
vats of unemployment was 58,600, as
compared with 61,264 on December 3,
Unemployment In Pottery Industry:
Of tho total number of unemployed
persons ln the Stoke-on-Trent district,
more than 6000 arc from the Stafford
shire Industries.
Financing Italian Emigrants: The
branches of the bank of Sicily mny be
opened In the United States, in keeping with a recent legislative decree,
which authorizes tho Bnvings department of that bank to make investments for the purpose of endowing Its
own offices abroad or to care for tho
economic Interests of Italian emigrants, especially in localities where
there aro large colonics of Sicilians.
Wage Increase for Miners: An
agreomenl has been reached between
thc Polish Miners' union and the Industrials for the granting of a 55 per
pent, incrense in miners' wages.
Scot Innd
Shipping Dispute Settled: After a
conferenco lasting five days, between
the Shipbuilding Employers' federation and representatives of the Boilermakers' 3i>clety, a basis of settlement
hns been reached in the shipyard dispute, whicb, for seven months, has
had nn unfavorable effect upon the
shipbuilding Industry of Scotland. In
all, 60,000 workers were affected by
thc disputo,
Popular Voto on Fnctory Law: A
modification of current laws on factory management, workln hours, etc.,
will be submitted to popular vole on
February 17, 1924.
University Training Polishes Ignorance and Swells Their
Innate Egotism
17VER hear of the human scrap pile?
Workers In mills, mines, shops and
factory plants have. They well know
what Is meant by the "human scrap
pile." It is the heap of unemployed
workers who reach the a«e of 40 yean
and over, and are considered too slow
to "hit" the ball of production, satisfactory to employers. It la the younger fellow who is wanted to be fed
into the fodder mills of industry, saya
Blacksmiths Journal.
When the employer needs additional
help In his shop, does he hire the "old
man," 40 or 45 years old? Not on
your life! He says this worker ls not
fast enough, he has been worked out
His human machinery will not let him
keep pace with modern iron machines.
His trade is all he knows, and tt tha '
worker is to be let out, or reduced in
servioe, he must take a lower priced
Job, or be tossed onto the human
scrap pile, there to atruggle and fret,
worry and suffer a mental and physical strain, all because God Almighty
failed to make him an image of an
iron monster instead of himself, with
nover wearoUt muscles, and an everlasting frame.
Executive Material
If the outsider who knows nothing;
of the fundamentals of organized labor, should dispute the preceding
statement, let he or .she read this:
"One reason for. the apparent lack
of executive material may be found
in the lack of dealre on the part of
many employers to hire men of mature years, possessing the experience that can come only with the
years. An increasing number ot
firms have adopted the policy of
hesitating to hire men who are over
36 or 40 yeara old." .   ■
The above was printed In the Chicago .Tribune, and it speaks for the
"open shop." This to where organised
labor and the open ahop widely differ.
Organized labor asks this question:
"Why should age be.a handicap, when
age Ib required to gain the required
The absurdity of dispensing with
the services of experienced workers in
some trades is nothing short of a
crime that works injury to the discarded worker and the general public
as well as to the employer making
use of such a method. Why should
firms hesitate to employ men who are
over 35 or 40 years'old? But ft is
Experienced Workers
This la the very time In the skilled
trades when men reach their highest
efficiency—skill, which means time,
study and experience. Tt Ib tho same
in all trndes, lt improves with oge, as
any sane person knows. These "rapid
transit" business malingers are besot
with the Iden thnt they know something about workers; a big mistake,
proven by the failure of firms trusting to such Inhumanity. What would
experienced employors do if tollers refused to work for middle-aged or old
Open shop advocates are learning
their lesson, but somo dealers in human flesh hold It so cheaply they lay
off the high-priced men first and keep
the poorer paid men in the Interest of
Discharging efficient men as soon as
they begin to show nlgns of nge in an
abuse coming about through employing young men as managers. What do
they know of experience? A few
years In a university, specializing, simply polishes their Ignorance (of life
nnd workers), swells their egotism
and Inflicts them on the business
world, where they may do thp most
harm to experienced men, who seem
to annoy them,
Improving Young Men
Experienced teachers help new ones
by mere association, and so do efficient workers improve young hands In
shop, mill and factory—showing
them the best way—learned through
yearB of steady application.
To place the best talent in subordinate positions Is to cut nt tbe heartstrings of the victims and weaken
their Interest in their work. This la
one form of brutality—cutting at the
pride of men forced to accept the
crumbs that foolhardy employers
permit or order by adopting this plan
of increasing the also of tho army ot
unemployed. Cruelty is quite natural
to somo poople and a littlo money or
an ndvance in position, of foreman,
too ofton ends In tho young man's
complete surrender to heartlessly discharging mon of families—skilled
Words aro too lame to condemn this
way of saving money Tor corporations
and sending children lo work to help
keep from starving. Building the human "scrap pile" Is not making better
citizens, nor Ib it helping business.
Somewhere, tho harm Is going on,
flesh and blood, men aro suffering the
tormonts of agony (hell).
Killing Old Workers
Who is to blame for this murdering
(Continued on page 4) PAGE TWO
FRIDAY / January 26,   1024
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Businoss and Editorial Offlce, 1129 Howo St.
 Editor:   Poor go Bartley	
Subscription Roto: Unltod States and Foroign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 por
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions sub-
Boribing In & body, 16c per member per
FRIDAY ..January  25.   1924
r\N TUESDAY,' Rt. Hon. Ramsay
"Macdonald assumed" the premiership of Great Britain, his government
being the flrst labor ministry; there
has been no stronger British cabinet
since the days of Gladstone The new
ministers, however, aro handicapped
' by a powerful opposition. The Macdonald administration makes up in
absolute qualification for good statesmanship where it is deficient in practical experience, and, therefore, should
pull through all right.
• *        »
As will be observed in the daily
press despatches, a large number of
the new ministers must now appeal to
their constituents as membors of the
cabinet, and, no doubt, most of them
will be returned again to parliament
unopposed, although the conservative
and communist parties may offer
some opposition to their re-election.
Also lt must be realized that the neve
government, formed under the present
circumstances, will be confronted by
powerful hostile interests, and called
upon to grapple with abnormal difficulties. It can only accomplish its
great task, provided that all of the
working people resolve to giye of their
best in support of the great principles
which the labor government will try
to advance. It is a political truism
that those causes with which a ipartic-
ular political party has specially Identified itself are advanced or retarded
in proportion as that political party
itself triumphs or Is defeated.
• •       •
Nowhere is the new labor government hailed with greater joy than in
the trades union movement, which
made possible the advent of the Labor
party, and prepared the ground so
■ well for the establishment of the Macdonald administration. The great
task for the British trade unions is
to bring themselves abreast of the new
political developments which musi
follow the rise of the labor party to
power. An industrial programme as
comprehensive, clear-cut, and detailed
as the political programme of the
Lahor party must be formulated. The
trades unions must also co-operate
with the Labor party to' carry the
work of social and economic emancipation to Its logical conclusion.
• .*.*• '
This year promises to be momentous in the history of the British labor
movement; greater opportunities and
heavier responsibilities make an unusually heavy demand upon the services, the loyalty and co-operation of
the rank and file of Great Britain.
The formation of the flrst labor government—the ambition which but a
few of the first generation of laborites dared hope would be reached
within their lifetime—is now a living
reality. No development could be
more stimulating to the movoment
than labor's accession to office as the
new government. It ls at once both a
gratification of the work and the policy and the resolution of the long line
of pioneers who devoted themselves.
In season and out of season to the
building up of the great Independent
political labor force, and confirmation
of tho belief that the people themselves possess the power which enable
them to escape from the political, economic and social bondage which has
long been the chief characteristic of
capitalist civilization. The labor government bus brought new hope Into
the hearts of millions of people, not
only in Gre^t Britain, but in all parts
of tbo world. *■
• * ■     *
No political party has been more
earnest or more conslatent than the
Britlah Labor party lu Its endeavors
to promote world fpeace and to cultivate tho spirit of good-will amongst
the poople. 	
TSURING the past week many letters
of appreciation havo reached The
Federationist offico, voicing approval
of the policy of straight International
Trades Unionism followed by this
newspapor. The editor of The Federationist would welcome further
letters from readers, na thore scorns to
be considerable diversity of opinion
as to tho ipollcy which should bo
adopted by a labor paper. Tho Fed
eratlohist J* issued in the interests of
all wage-earners and not to suit the
wishes of a fow. Evidently the policy
adopted lms beon satisfactory to
unionists, as witness the increased
circulation of The Foderationist during tho past month.
When you see a man wipin' 'la
mouth, give 'Im tbo bonefit of tho
doubt. 'H might 'ave bin lo the bar
ber's.   'E might.
Selection of Prairie Man for Vancouver Post Contrary to
Strong: protest is being made by
postal workers in Vancouver against
the proposal to appoint C. A. Hisiop
of Mooso Jaw to thc vacant railway
mail Inspectorship caused by the retirement of Inspector J. O. MacLeod
Such action, it Is declared, Is contrary to the postal service regulations which stipulate .that vacancies
are to be filled by promotions in the
districts In which they take place.
Thc postal workers in reply cite the
number cf veterans ln the service
here who are eliglblo for the vacancy.
Labor Legislation
(Continued from page 1)
He Said "No"
"Who  was that  talking to you
while ago?"
"That   was   Archie   Johnson,   m
famlly physician."
"What did ho say?"
"He said, 'No'."
to the Federal Government last year
were reaffirmed. Briefly summarized
these included: Protest against unwarranted immigration which aggravates the unemployment problems in
industrial centres; belief in the absolute prohibition of Orientals; formation of a Dominion Advisory Council of Immigration along the lines of
the Employment Service Council of
Canada; solicitation of the aid of the
British Government to obtain closer
supervision of all immigration advertisements and control of booking
agenclos in Great Britain; no bonuses
or grants to be made to immigration
agencies; land settlement and colonization schemes to be made available
to those already located in Canada;
medical and other examination of
immigrants to take place, as far as
posslbler at port of embarkation.
Resolutions were adopted condemning the action of those responsible
for fllling Canada with out-of-works
and asking that the Dominion Government assume the coat of maintaining immigrants for whom work is
not available instead of their being
a charge upon tbe municipalities as at
Whilst believing that all unemployed in Canada should he protected
by inaurance it was afcain reiterated
that much could be done to minimize the amount of unemployment
by the provision of work and the following policy was again reaffirmed:
1. Employment is the best remedy
for unemployment, and its provision
la a joint responsibility of the Federal
Government, Provincial Legislatures
and Municipal Authorities. This
should be done by:—(a) The carrying ou of alt public works and the
purchase of public supplies during
periods of depression and the allocating of the same to districts where unemployment is most acute; (b) con
struction during such periods of needed public buildings and the renewal
and repairing nf old ones; (c) Road
building on a large scale; (d) Afforestation; (e) Clearing and developing
of agricultural lands; (f) Limitation
of the work day to eight hours on all
government worka; (g4 Restriction
agninst unwarranted immigration;
(h) Loans for the building of workmen's houses.
2. Private industry should be controlled to prevent: (a) Undue flooding of the l<ii.or market by hiring outside of Canada, labor obtainable In
Canadu, or labor needed for a limited
period only. (1.) The laying oft of
targe numbers of workers whilst orders still reinnui to be executed or until the hours of all employea lh the
industry have been materially reduced; (c)'By the equalization uf employment over longer periods, eliminating as far as practicable rush periods with overtime and quiet periods
with consequent unemployment.
3. The abolition of private employment agencies anti the fullest develop
ment of the employment service of
Canada with dominion, provincial and
local advisory Councils. The workers
to co-operate with thia servico to the
fullest degree by registering at once
when they are unemployed and thus
furnishing more rellablo statistics as
to tne volume of unemployment actually existing at any given time
4. Raw materials obtainable In
Canada should be exported in their
highest manufactured form.
5. The release of our natural resources hold out of use for speculation by private Interests and their
fullest development. In this respect
scientific and industrial research to
discover commercial uses for many
articles to-day considered commercially valueless should be encouraged.
6. The development of the homo
markot by tho payment of wagos to
Canadian workers high enough to onnble thom to purchase tho products of
Canadian labor,
Fair Wuge Policies
Resolutions wore adopted asking
that fair wage regulations or acts
should provide penalties for contract
tors violating any of the provisions of
the same. Considerable dissatisfaction was expressed at the lack of protection given lo workers engaged on
car building ami repairs for the Cana
dian National railways in tbo shops of
the National Car company at Hamilton, and ii was contended that fair
wngo regulations should be applied by
thc government to Canadian National
railway contracts,
Internntionnl Labor Organization
_ Cognizance was taken of the proposed Dominion-Provincial confer
once, and satisfaction expressed lhat
this conference was being callod. A
number of resolutions were-submitted
dealing with this subject, anil the following adopted:
Failing itn agreement being reached
at tho Donilnlori-I'rovlnclat conforonco
to be held at Ottawa this month, de
finitely placing responsibility for the
enactment of legislation to put Into
effect the findings of the International
Labor conferences, In connection with
the league of nations, and part 13 of
tho treaty of Versailles, that we ask
the federal governmont to press for
an amendment to tho British North
America act whicb will give It tho
necessary authority to carry out tho
findings   of   the   International   Labor
Tariff Commission
We were again instructed to aslt for
the creation of an independent tariff
commission, on which labor shall have
representation, being of the opinion
that only in this way can tariff adjustments be properly brought about,
and freed from political Influence.
Abolition of  Senate as Non-elective
The opinion was strongly expressed
that In the interests of economy and
efficiency of government, that we
should urge for the abolition of the
Canadian senate. In case steps were
not taken to comply with this request,
then reform should be Immediately
introduced which would make lt impossible for the senate to thwart the
wishes of the electorate on legislation
as expressed through tho house of
commons, the people's elective cham
Aid for the Development of the Cooperative Movement In Canada
Resolutions on this question reaffirmed our request for sympathetic
action by your government to make
possible cheap and efficient national
registration of co-operative aocieties,
and alao general assistance towards
the encouragement and development
of co-operative production and distribution.
Civil Service Matters
We again endorse the requests for
civil service reform, as presented by
the Associated Federal Employoes of
Canada, the Federated Association of
Letter Carriers, the Dominion Postal
Clerks association, and other organizations of postal employees, in seeking to havo established Joint councils
similar to thoso obtaining in the British civil service, and for the readjustment of wages and salaries commensurate with service rendered and a
minimum based upon the actual cost
of living, and pending such for the retention of the cost of living bonus.
Strong opposition was also expressed to any measures which would lead
to the return of the patronage system.
Canadian National Railways
Unanimous satisfaction waa expressed that your government has given
labor representation on the board of
directors of the Canadian National
railways, and the present appointee
The following resolution was also
unanimously ndopted:
Whereas, a large percentage of
union men in Canada have for years
advocated the gradual acquisition by
the people of the meuns of production
and distribution of wealth; and,
whereas, the government of Canada
has had thrust upon it the operation
of our greatest railway system under
the most adverse circumstances; and,
whereas, there is evidence that an
honest attempt is being made to develop an improved relationship between the C. N. R. syatem and its employoes; and, whereas, we consider
the failure of tho present experiment
disastrous to the policy of government
ownership; and, whereas, we believe
the successful operation of this system may be used to the general beneflt of our citizens and of our fellow
workers ln particular; therefore, be lt
resolved, that we support and continue
to increase that support so long ns
the C. N. R. system gives evidence of
improving the conditions of its employees.
Concluded next week)
The unian label of organized labor
creates the trado agreement. It is a
most glorious conception of equality,
the very incarnation of those attributes which beautified the guild hall
mark of olden times. It ls leading
towards a plane of perfection though
at the present time lt has just arrived
at its intermediate stage of progress-
Its future stands for all that is noble,
all that ls sweet in life, and all that Is
earnest, for the elevation of mankind
and womankind. It is the educator of
the coming generation. Unity, federation, right and justice, legislation, a
happy and prosperous future go with
the union label of organized labor. It
Ib the-highest type of patriotism that
springs from the heart of man and a
most important factor in the final attainment of real liberty.—John Lis-
_ (Copyright 1922 by TJaitod Feature Syndlcato.)
ONE OFTEN READS short stories and sees plays where a young girl discovers in thocourse of her engagement,'that her intended is not what she
thought him to be. She had a vision of a man of twenty-seven, in whose life
no woman had figured till she came; she Imagined him as doing nothing but
work or taking innocent pleasures. She was marrying Galahad. . . . and
suddenly discovers that she Is marrying Lancelot. It Is a terrible shock; the
man she loves she suddenly sees as Impure and unworthy. Sometimes she
ls foolish enough to break her engagement and to seek another man who does
nut kill her Illusions, sometimes because he Is what she wants, much more
often because she does not knew what he is.      v
Indeed, she is a fool to break her engagement because the man sho
wants to marry has some time or other committed himself with another
woman. She is foolish even if he has beon vulgarly debauched, if he haa
consorted with tho lowest class and known the lowest pleasures. How can
she expect him to have waited for her all those years? Above all, how can
ahe expect thiB man of twenty-seven to have been as mature and as fastidious
at twenty as he Is now? It fs all a question of allowances. We human beings are gross creatures, full of vulgar, passionate impulses. We fall readily
Into the mud, but mud dries and can be brushed off. A puro woman's job ia
to help to brush off the mud. And lf she ls a little cynical, which does no
woman any harm, she ought to tell herself that tho man who breaks out before marriage, is not so likely to break out after.
Wit and Humor
All Willin*
dow of Jewellery store)—George, I'd
love to have that bracelet,
The Husband—I can't afford to buy
it for you, dear.
The Bride—But if you could, you
would, wouldn't you?
Tho Husband—It isn't good enough,
The Bride—Why?
The Husband—It isn't good enough,
dear, '
' The Bride—Oh, you darling!—Life.
Parson (on vacation)—The world is
full of willing people.
Hostess—Yes; some willing to work
and the rest willing to let 'em.
Much to Learn
"Does your fiance know much about
"Heavens, no; she asked me if I
cooled my car by stripping the gears."
Chicken Nuisance
Farmer    (to   stranded    autolst)—
"How did you get that puncture?"
Autolst—"Ran over a chicken with
pin feathers."
Not Good Enough
The Young Bride (looking in won-
Business Is
Certainly Better
Boys' Knee Gum Boots, 1 to it.
at $3.25
Youths' Knee Gum Boots, 11 to
13, at  »_.50
..hild's Knee Gum Boots,  6 to
10%, at S2.2S
Women's P4ain Rubbers, H_ to
7, at »1.00
Boys' Eton Caps, at _...    3oc
Boys' .-piece Suit, dark brown,
at  $6.60
Boys' 2-pIece Grey Flannel Suit,
at  »4.W
Men's   Ceylon   Flannel   Shirts;
res. f 2.50, at »l!»5
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
Between 7th and 8th snnms
Phone, Fairmont 4859
Labor Paper as Advertising
Printer's Ink, the recognized authority on advertising, says:
"A Labor paper is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper. A Labor paper,
for example, having 5000 subscriptions, is of more
value to the business man who advertises in it
than ordinary papers with 25,000 subscribers."
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or*25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 742f, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
THE Council is jiroparod to sell the following used mnchfnory:
Ono Fallen Steam WRj[on.
Ono Ololrnc Tractor (1920 modol),
Two Wsterom Steam Rollors,
Ono Auto Stroet Flushor,
Ono QiiNolIno Road Roller (10 tuns).
Ono Tractor.
Siieclflcntions and full particulars may be
obtainod on application to the Municipal Engineer.
Tenders for tho sale or purchaso of any or
all of the above are Invited to roAch tho undersigned hy noon of Monday, January 28.
A deposit hy certified chb'pio of 5 per cont.
of tho amount of tho proposed salo or pur-
chose Is required from eaeh tenderer as security that his proposal, if accepted, will bo
carried out.
Tenders must be under enver and endorsed
on the outsido "Mocblnery Tender."
No tender necoHsnrlly acccptod.
C. M, C.
Municipal   Hall,    5851   West   Boulevard,
Vnncouver, IJ. C.
Best $2.50
Olassos not proscribed union absolutely necessary. Examinations
mado by groduato Eyesight Specialists. Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind our own lenses. Lenin
duplicated hr mall,
Optical House
(P-rmorly Brown Opticil House)
Be   .tin*  of  tho   iddreflg—Abovo
Woolworth1! Storo, near
Bulla 36, Dnte ohambm,
Phon* Ser, 1071
Behind this
li lh* r-putntion of Ik*
largest, mott hyfUnical-*
Ir icientific bnwinf initl-
tution 111 the Weit—t plent
thet fueranteei  alwayi   •*•>•
ulmoit In purity and the perfection of latilfaetion In erery
bottle.    Public   endonoment   of
Caicada ii proved by orer increasing lain — now greater than all
othen in Britiih Columbia combined.
Get a tupply ot Caicada today.
Sold at all Government Liquor Stern
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Horrockses' Flannelette '
At Sale Prices
Best quality striped Flannelette, 33 and 36-inch. 50c
for 40^ a yard.
White Flannelette, domestic, 35-inch.  35c for 25<.
Striped Flannelette, domestic, 35-inch.   25# yard.
White Flannelette Blankets
Pink or Blue Borders
Medium size, $2.65 pair.
Largest size, $3.25 pair.
—Drysdale's Staple Shop, First Floor
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
Get Busy, Lay An Egg
The hen Is a patient bird. To
hatch an egg, she sits on it for twenty-
one days. She Btlcks to her job with
100 per cent, efficiency. If more men
were like the hen, there would be
more successful men. Your job ls like
an egg. It will hatch a better job lf
you sit on It long enough, but don't
let it get cold."—Dally Pop.
EVEN our customers of msny jrein'
standing express surprise at the won*
derful things going at this sale. It'a a
chance keen buyers daro not miss to
savo in a big way on Suits, Ooats,
Dresses, eto.
Famous mm%tx--
Ring up Phone Seymour __»_
tor appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
WEIEN yoa aro travelling evenln*
brlngi lonesome boars. Toa woald
bo glad lf i< wero possible to pack jour
grip and flnd yourself Instantly at home
or among your friends. Tou cannot make
this quick visit, bat at the nearest telephone "Long Distance" will send your
voice baok where you want to bo, Whea
yoa hear tho voice, you feel its presence.
The voice is tho person. That's why nothing can take tho place of the telephone
as a medium of communication. Ton feel
you are with the person to whom you are
HAVE you ever had a real drink
or Pure Apple Older during the
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we have introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple elder in pint bottles,
either pore sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple eider. Theae drinks
are absolutely pure and free from, all
carbonic acid gas or preservatives ot
any nature. Write or phone yoar order
today, Highland 90.
Older Manufacturers
1656 Commercial Drivo, VucMVtf, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-401 Metropolitan Building
IS7 Hasting St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B. 0.
Telephones: Beyuoni 0606 ud 6667
neo OmiiU stnet
Sunday aerttMi, 11 aja. ud Tito pj>.
Sunday ichool Immediately following
morning aerrlce. Wedneaday testimonial
mealing, 8 pm. Proa reading room.
MI-MS Blrka Bldg.
B. F. Harriion
Phona ralraoaa SI
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
"A Oood Place to Eat"
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board'or by the Government of British Columbia.^ .
Union Bank of Canada
 $  8,000,000
PROFITS     2,067,074
TOTAL ASSETS 128,299,679
The Bank's Annual Statement has just been issued and
copies thereof arc available for anyone, on application, at any
branch of the bank.
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee sat
isfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:   Sey, 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C. DAY January 2B,  1924
usual dental charges
if you come NOW
First-class materials only
First-class work only
All the advantages of my lifetime of dental training and experience, my splendidly equipped dental surgeries, the safest
and moat approved pain-eliminating methods, ull are yours
now at one-half usual charges or less.
Every kind of dentistry Included.
Guarantee given lu writing.
Usual iG-Ycar
Make an appointment now.
how much I save you.
Oet my new estimate and see
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly momber of the faculty of the College of Dentistry, Uni*
veralty of Southern California; lecturer on orown and bridgework;
demonstrator In platework and operative dentistry, local and goneral anaesthesia.
602 Hastings Street West.   Phone, Seymonr 3331
(Corner Seymour) Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
3ounoit — Preaident, R. H. Neelands, M.
A.; general secretary,. Percy R. Bengough.
ce: 60S Holden Building. Phone Sey.
15.     Meots ln Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
firat and third Tuesdays Ih month.
deets second Monday in tbe montb.   Pre*
ent, J. R. White; secretary,. B. H. Noel*
P. 0. Box 68.
119 Pondor St. Wost—Business meetings
ry Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
Innan; E. H. Morrison, sec-treaa.; Geo,
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
0., corresponding aooretary.
Uy district ln British Columbia desiring
ormation re securing speakers or the for-
lion of loeal brauchea, kindly communicate
h provincial Seoretary J. Lyle Telford,
I Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Teb"
ml Seymour 1332, or Fairmont 41.38.
leeond Thursday every month in Holdon
tiding. Preaident, J. Brlghtwell; financial
retary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenue
[t. ,	
AL Union, of Amorica—Loeal 120, Tea-
iver, B. 0., meets second and fourth Tnea-
va in each month In Holden Building. Pre-
ent, 0. E. Herrett, 71 Hastings St. Eaat;
retary, A. R. Jan., 820 Cambie Street,
op phone, Sey. 2702. Residence phone,
ug. 2171R.
loilerm-kers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help*
a of America, bocal 194—Meetings tret
id third Mondays In oach month in Holdon
aiding. President, P. Willis; secretary, A.
isor.   Olllce hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5
■bricklayer, or masons for boiler woru,
%   or marble setters, pbone Brlcklayen
Eton, 811 Holden Building. _____
Jand third Fridays in oach month, at U5
lebards Streot. Preaident, David Cuthlll,
■59 Albert Stroot; aeorettry-tteasurer, Oeo.
"irrUon, 1182 Parker Btreet,	
.Steam and Operating, Local 844—Meata
fary Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 808 Holden
[dg. President, J. Flynn; business agent
Id financial secretary, F. 8. Hunt; recording
feretary, D. Hodges. *
L        .-. j0
: President, Nell MacDonald, No 1 Firehall
'tretary, 0, A, Watson. No. 8 Firehall.
every first and third Monday In Holdon
■tiding.   President, J. R* Hawthorne; finan-
il seoretary, A. radgham, Joyce Boad P. 0*.
sneouver, B. C; recording socrotary, 0.
ithor   2249—45th Avo. East, Vancouver,
0.      j,	
of Steam and Operating, Local 88_—
[oeta evory Wedneaday at 8 p.m., Room
)6 Holdon Bldg. President, Charles Prioe;
psiness agont and financial aeeretary, F. L.
flint;   recording aeoretary. J. T. Venn.
■AOHINISTS LOCAL 692—President, Thos.
Is;  aecreUry, W. Waroham;   business
_ , P. R. Bengough.   Office: 807 Holden
Jltidlng*   Meets on aecond and fonrth Tues*
Bri In month. ■
1NI0N, Local 146, A. P. of M.—Meola at
Me Hall, Homer Street, aeoond .Sunday,
18 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
llson Street; secreUry, Edward Jamleson,
Nelson Streetr finanoial aeoretary w. E.
■Hams, 981 Nelaon Street; organiser, F.
tteher. 991 Nelaon Street
■TORS and Paperbangera of AmortoeJLooa-
■8 Vaneoaver—Meeta 2nd and 4th Thurs-
Its at 148 Cerdove Street West. Phone,
Iy. 3610* Business Agent, H. D. Collard.
(Dock Bnllders, Local No. 2404--MeeU at
12 Haatings Stroet Wost every Friday, at 0
m. Jas. Thompson, financial secretary.
■ Cordova SI. Woat, P. 0. Box 571. Phone
ly. 8703. Meetings evory Monday at 7:30
\n. Q. Campbell, business agent.
10.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and 3rd
■idar of each month at headquartori, 818
Irdova Btreet Weot. Presidont, D. Ollles-
*• vlce*presld.nt, John Johnson; seoretary*
lasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 318Cor*
■va Street West. Braneh agent's address:
lnrge Faulkner, 676 Johnson Street, Vie*
|ln. B. 0.	
lloyoos, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Moeta
T P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
J Mondays at 10:16 a.m. and 7 two. PM;
■ent, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Ctarto Drive;
lording socrotary, F. E. Grim, 447—Olh
fe, East.; treasurer, A F. Andrew; flnan*
III seeretsry ond business agent, W. H. Oof
All, 186—17th Ave. W. Offlco, cornor Prior
td Main Stroels. Phono Fairmont 4504Y
JiAmerlca, Locnl No. 178—Meetings hold
■at Mondny In each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
Int, A. R. Gatonby: vlee-prcsldenl, Mrs.
Ilk: recording soorelsry, 0. McDonald, P.
IBo- 508; financial secreUry, P. McNolsb.
I 0. Box BOI*. ,
lATION—Meots at 991 Nolson -itreet, at 11
Im. on the Tuesday preceding tho 1st Snn*
£y of thc month. Prosidont. E. A. Jomlo*
Jm, 991 Nelson St.: Socretary, 0. H. Wll*
lams, 991 Nelson St: Business Agent,   F.
■etcher. 991 Nelson Bt, .
■YPOORAi'HtOAL UNION, No. 226—Presl*
T denl, R. P* Pettlplece: vice-president J.
- Bryan; secretory-treasurer, R. H. Noo*
inds P 0 Box 66. Meets last Sunday of
Mch month nt 2 p.m. In Holdon Building, 16
■sstlngs Streot East.	
fuNION,  N.U4ia-Pro.ldout,   S   D. Mac*
lonald, aeerclarytreasnrer, J. M. Campbell,
. 0. hox 689.   Moots last Thursday of each
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
British Parliamentary
Practice Extraordinary
Wanted His Share
A man walked Into the Camberwell
Labor exchange the other day and
asked for £26. When the clerk wanted to know what for, the man replied that he had "seen a piece In the
papera" that the government was
giving 50 million to the unemployed,
and he had worked it out that £25
was his share, and he'd take it now.
—London Telegraph. *
At the Orpheum
Mclntyre ahd Heath, those two
veteran minstrels who for fifty years
of stage partnership, have kept
throngs convulsed with their "Georgia
Minstrels" act, have neither dimmed
nor tarnished with age. This week
the laughs of two generations echoed
through tho Orpheum theatre, whero
the veteran showmen appeared us
headltners on a splendid vaudeville
bill. The dainty and bewitching Ban-
Twins, with their attractive singing
and dancing, Billy McDermott, trump
comedian and many other big turns,
made up this bright and enjoyable
bill, which closes Saturday night.
An extra bright collection of offer-
ings is ready for the new -show opening next Wednesday. Miss Frances
White, fascinating musical comedy
star, and Capt. Bruce Bairnsfather,
world-famous artist, who made the
world smile through Its war tears, are
each appearing with a Bpeclal act as
joint headlines, Capt. Bairnsfather
is offering $50 in prizes for amateur
cartoons, to be forwarded to the theatre management before next Friday, In
addition to these two stellar performances, are five other acts guaranteed
to please and entertain.
I Pender Stroot Wost. Business mofttltiM
•orr 1st and 8rd Wednesday ovory month.
§. Carpcndale, corresponding "ocrotary; 0.
lothor, flnanclal secretary; J. Halliday,
tpnch organiser.
A Willing Worker
f The bargaining for a cow had beon
lolng* on lolsurely for an hour.
J Finally  the prospective iHirchaaor
|ame flatly to tho point,
"How much milk doos sho give?"
i asked, ,
-"I  don't rightly know,"  answered
Ihe farmor who owned her, "but she'B
. darn good-natured critter and she'll
fcive all she oan."
Mclntyre & Heath
"The Oeorgia Minstrels"
New  Show Starting  WED.  NIOBT
Matinees Thurs.,-Friday and Saturday
Musical 3ume_y Ster
"Old Bill and Me" ,
MNN nnil
iioi.mi.s und
Attractive Pictures  Concert Oicliestra
Night-—tie. SOc, 73c, 11.00    |   l'lua
Mat. Week— 14c, 28c, 36c, 600 V   7%
Mat* (Sat.)— 14c, 28c, 60c. 68c I   Tax
\_NA..Q/\.  nnd U.S. A.   n
I UnionMusiciaMEnflqyed Exclusively &
tJON. JOHN OLIVER complained to
his friends at Sidney that he is detained at home fussing over a royal
commission, when he ought to be in
Ottawa: lighting the freight rates question, yet the time is of his own choosing, as the Provincial party made the
charges against his conduct of the
people's affairs, as far back as October, demanding an inquiry at that
time, i
In the legislature he is reported to
have stated that if one-half of the
eighteen charges of maladministration
and worse, in connection with the Paelfle Oreat Eastern railway construction by the Northern Construction
company were true, he should be In
the penitentiary—yet he takes no action.
i TheBe 18 charges were increased to
about 31 against those In authority
at Victoria, and presented ln the form
of a petition to the Ueutenant-gover-
nor-tn-councll, asking for an investigation, amongst others, of grave
charges made under oath by former
employees of the government. That
was over a month ago, still no commission has been appointed.
When a motion was placed on the
order paper calling for a commission
of inquiry Into all the charges, the
premier is reported to have objected
to the scope, wishing to delimit it to
(wo direct charges against a member
of the government, and the leader of
the opposition. Eighteen charges
against the premier and his department, which-in his own opinion were
doubly sufflclent to land him in the
penitentiary and yet refuses an investigation even to prove his own innocence.
A motion was placed on the order
paper by Mr. Hlnchcliffe, member for
Victoria, calling for a royal commission to investigate all the charges. By
majority control of the house this was
juggled off, from day to day with the
final understanding that it would come
up for consideration on the last day
of the session. The tactics adopted,
by which the speaker, refusing to re*
cognizing those demanding a hearing
and his leaving the chamber, was unprecedented, and too thin a guise altogether for the ordinary observant onlooker, who saw in it, collusion between both leaders and speaker, No
ipretence was made to clear the order
paper before prorogation.
In lieu of a royal commission to investigate the serious charges advanced, the premier took what was con-
sidered a quite safe measure—an audit by chartered accountants ot government books and accounts of con
structton, though his own former au
dttor had stated under oath, that the
government kept no'books'of'construction during the time ln question,
There was to be no inquiry into details of construction, examination of
witnesses, etc, and tio compulsory
Production of the books of the contracting company, namely, the Northern Construction company.
The report of the auditors, which
was to cleer Mr. Oliver, was not
brought down to the house till that
signlflcant last day, when aU the inconvenient business on the order paper was brushed aside. No one had a
chance to see this report, and it disappeared. Mr. Oliver refused to publish it, but instead gave out a report
that the government was exonerated,
and that it showed a large sum df
money had been saved on construction by the -plan of sub-contracting.
Compare Mr. Oliver's statoment
with the following: Access has been
had to this carefully-guarded report.
The auditors received definite instructions to sift all eighteen charges in
Searchlight No. 6, the truth of one-
half of which Mr, Oliver said should
send him to penitentiary? What are
the findings? On 16 of the 18 charges,
the auditors make no comment. This
silence forces one inference, namely,
that they could flnd no evidence with
which to refute them'. Their findings
on the other two, substantiate these
What are they? 1. "Our efforts
have been directed more to an investigation of all matters essential to the
contract. , . . than to the investigation ot the petty and, ln certain
cases, totally erroneous charges made
in pamphlet 5." N. B.—Never Investigated tho charges but they nro totally
erronoousl How do you know? A
nlco recommendation for a Arm of au-
ditors, for work of this kind.
, Thoy state thero were no proper
records for distributing vouchers, so
that thoy had to guess at tbelr allocation, making their findings uncertain.
N. B.~This proves Hosalter's claim.
3. The millions or dollars advanced
to sub-contrnctors "woro only supported by tho rooclptd therefor, ami
the payrolls."
N. B.—Rossltcr refused to Blgn
these accounts, because there woro no
4. Thoro wero "no statements of
final sottloments with thc sub-contractors" to account for cither cash
paid or work done.
N. B.-—Anothor charge proved.
B. There being no government records on Important information, an
application to tho contractors revealed
that tlie records containing those details aiuiiot he located by the contractors."
N. B,—Further proof of ll oss iter's
0. "As search Is being mode by the
contractors for theso documents, /i
satisfactory disposition of the items
in question cannot bo mude."
N. B.—Proving complete evaluation
of the report on theso Items.
Warehouse summaries to the
amount of $2Hfi,"7S8.l7 showing
charges to sub-contrnctors' accounts
for possiblo cash advances, materials
and supplies woro "not available ror
inspection or analysis."
N. B.—Yet tho premier and minis
ter of railways said the report cleared
the government.
8. "Unlgcated differences" to the extent of $234,701.60 between vouchered
cash advanced and payroll Items, and
thoso charged to the sub-contractors.
N. B.—No wonder the report was
suppressed by Premier Oliver.
9. "No provision .... by the
construction accountant, to record the
items on the estimates which represented cash advances, payrolls, etc.,
of sub-contractors ln order to ensure
that these payments would be properly tn settlement, which later should
have been claimed."
N, B.—Bee charge in Searchlight,
No. 6.
., 10. Time and after time Price
Waterhouse claim that the government records lacked Important documents, and they had to apply to the
Northern Construction company for
N, B.—Note charges a&uinst the
government engineer by Hosslter.
11. An item of $C«10.20 paid as a
percentage on fhe resale of equipment
and material from the Northern Con
structlon company is charged by the
auditors aa Improper.
N. B.—Another charge proved.
12. Under the contract with the
government, the N. C. Co. were allowed 5'*.% commission. Over and
above this the auditors find the government paid them $(14,657.
N. B,—Is Mr. Oliver, the minister
of railways responsible for this?
13. A discrepancy of $131,686.47 Is
shown. Of this the auditors say "this
difference represented an adjustment
by the chief engineer in respect of
timber taken over on completion of
the construction, the details of which,
as far as we can ascertain, are not yet
N. B.—Mr. Oliver said he found this
ln a few minutes, but the auditors
add "no timber wus included in the
inventory previously mentioned."
N. B.—In light of this the Premier
might better not have found this item.
The Finnerty affidavit in Searchlight No. 7, showing that the profits
paid on contstruction of cribbing,
were twenty one times as great aB they
Bhould have been, ar proved, plus
some five thousand dollars more.
The Price Waterhouse audit report
was suppressed and a false summary
of its contents was given out to the
press by Premier Oliver.
The people of BrltlBh Columbia will
hold him responsible for a shortage
of over $3,000,000.00 on P. O. E. railway construction alope.
How long must we stand for this?
The Evolution of Man
"We are led by old desires, and ancient
hates and stained by crimen of many vanished
years, and pushed by hands that long ago
wero still, until we feel liko somo bewildered
slavo that mockery has crowned and throned."—Ingersoll.
W7TTH this quotation, Dr. Curry be-
" gan his address on Friday evening, January 11, when he dealt with
the "Mind and Morals of Our Savage
Ancestors." He claimed that the
same blogentlc laws of inherited tendencies applied to men as to the lower
animals. Just as dogs, horses, fowls
etc., persist In exhibiting wild instincts worse than useless, so, lt ls
with man and many of the
savage and brutal habits so conspicuous today ln human society, can be
traced back to primatlve man and his
animal ancestors. Unfortunately,
many of these brute instincts, instead
of being repressed, are today stimulated, and even glorified by our leading citizens, "and yet," said the speaker, "we should not exrpect too much."
Go back 2000 years, and we flnd that
Instead of the proud races and empires of today, there are only the barbarous tribes representing modern
man, and 1000 years further back, our
fathers and mothers were but cannibalistic savages, whose occupation
was either killing wild animals for
food, or fighting the people of other
Man has now weighed the atom,
and the star, he has harnessed the
lightning and the flood, he can soar
swifter than eagles above the clouds,
or navigate under the waves of the
ocean; he flushes messages which encircle the oarth swifter than the
wings of light, and yetj because of
his rulers, ho uses these powers, not
to conquer the enemies of man, but
rather to generate enemies for man.
The flings of thc tiger have been multiplied a million fold in destruction
through shot and shell. In poisonous
gas used by Christian nations; the
venom of tho serpent has been Increased a million times. Truo, man
has reason, but It Is mainly used to
brutalize and destroy himself. And
wo may well say with Goetho'a Meph-
astopholcs, "lifo somewhat better
might content him, but for the glonm
of heavenly light, that Thou hast
given him, he calls it reason, hence
his powers incrense to be still beastlier than any benst."
"Onr Outlook Depends on the Way We
Gain Our Living"
If hunting and lighting were tho
occupations of our savage ancestors,
and as the law of Killing and being
killed rulod the past, and If, as we
have seen, instincts aro inherited habits of our forebears, thon there is
nothing strange that, this "original
sin" of brutality w so prominent today, for we see that brute strength,
and tho powers of destruction control
modern nations.
Lubbeck, in his "Origin of Civllizn-"
tlon," presents many facts regarding
the modern savage, which apply
equally to our savage ancestors. Ho
says: "They are bigoted, bnrbarous,
and superstitious, and regard most of
the vices of higher man as virtuous,
Theft, arson, rape and murder are to
them means of distinction. The young
Indian is taught from jnfacy that kil-
ling is the highest virtue, and his ambition ls to wear the feather whtch is
the evidence of having killed a human
Savages believe tn slavery. "What?"
said a negro to Burton, "am I to
starve while my sister has children
whom I can sell?" Burton also says:
"Negro kings are delighted with toys,
rubber faees, etc/they are like children." The speaker then showed how
"superior" we were to those savages.
He claimed there were men ahd women in this country claiming to be
matured, who were even delighted
with toy "kings" and "rubber
stamps" called politicians, and our
great emancipator, George Washington, who fought for "life and liberty,
in pursuit of happiness," used, bought
and sold slaves, and never opposed
negro slavery; while today there are
millions of civilized men, women and
children enduring famine, and economlo servitude, more degrading and
destructive, than life was with primitive man.
As for Indian children being taught
the glory of killing their enemies,
"what is the basis," said the speaker,
"of imperialism, patriotism and warfare, taught in'our schools, and glorified in our press- and pulpit, but machine murder?" Today, war is not
to save the lives of the tribe but for
the glory of statesmen, and profits for
oil kings and traders, and we have
added to the crimes of the despised
savage that most disgusting and vicious one of hypocrisy.
Lubbeck says that theft, arson, rape
and murder inflicted upon the ene<
rntes are virtues in the eyes of the
Souks, but the greatest carnival of
these "virtues" in the history of the
world, began in 1914, and it was between Christian nations fighting to
make the world safe for democracy,
and for the self-determination of
weaker people."
In Germany today, even the heathen may notice how the victors of this
great war for liberation, are putting
their Christian ideals into operation.
The savage of ancient and modern
times, unpolluted by "civilized virtues," while he frankly treats other
tribes as his enemies, is communistic
In his habits, and equality and fraternity reign within the tribe. He knows
not millionaires or paupers, palaces
and slums, and even our Pauline
Johnson has shown us that among
her people, a man who refused to do
his share of work, was a thing despised and hated, while with, ua, the
plutocratic or feudalists rulers are
considered superior to the industrial,
or middle class workera of brain and
Dr. Curry showed Bome pictures Illustrating these instincts of fear and
fighting,, hunting and fishing, of 1ml
tatlon, of Indolence, etc., showing how
these vestigel forces of bygone days
still exist but he believed that with
the establlshlent of industrial democracy and co-operation, these brutal
instincts would disappear, and new
habits, and real virtues would develop,
which would be in harmony with universal brotherhood, and true peaco
and prosperity.
Dr, Dorchester
Dr. Dorchester's lecture on the
"Forces Making for a Higher Humanity," last Friday, the speaker was introduced by Dr. Curry, The address
proved most Interesting, and was tn
line with the latest developments of
biology and evolution. Like many
eminent thinkers of today, Dr. Dorchester does not believe ln "dead
matter," but considers the germs of
mind are inherent in the elements.
The difference between the affinity
and union of oxygen and hydrogen to
make water, the reaching out of the
amoeba for good and its running away
from the fumes of nitric acid or the
ipsychic manifestations of monkeys
and man are due to the higher complexities and aggregations of matter
and energy.
Dr. Frank Dorchester is the manager of the Dorchester Institute of this
city, and has to his credit some remarkable cures ot chronic ailments,
given up by the regular physicians.
This system is based on scientific uso
of body and mind and correct eating.
Naturo does the curing; all we can do
usually is to remove tho cause, and
this is very often due to inaction—
ofton to overwork. The mind and
body must bg properly exercised or
there will be trouble.
Medicul superstitions to-day rampant are tbo products of Ignorance
und imposition. Tbo remedy Is knowledge.
pr. Dorchester is the author of several scientific works, umong which are
"Mun, Mind and Energy," and "Can
You  Make Hood."
This Friday, Dr, Curry will speak
on "Primitive Communism and Morality."
Hudson's Bay Piano
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Its tone is superb, powerful, rich and clear.
It is strongly built, with full metal plate,
best Canadian made action, ivory keys and
handsome walnut or mahogany cases.
$375.00 and $395.00
On ouV very easy terms of payment, when
you buy a Hudson's Bay Piano, you buy the
best for the least.   Come in and see them.
—Piano Section—third Floor
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und general good health duo tn tin-
regular use of this remarkable
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The Dr. Middleton
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guarantee JO-TO to bc absolutely harmless.
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sixteenth yeah   no. 4 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbb, a a
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FRIDAT January 26,
"Deevil o' a Loon"—"Nickum"
Who Appropriated a Fisherman's Boat
The opening instalment of the life
story of Ramsay Macdonald, which is
appearing in Reynold's Newspaper,
deals with the labor leader's schooldays.
Although he was a model scholar—
before he was twelve he rose to the
top of the school—he was an impish
lad, and his biographer tells of young
Mac borrowing a fisherman's boat
without permission, and putting out
to sea.
How the fisherman squared accounts was told this year by Macdonald himself, who revisited his old
home, and talked to the old fisherman
without revealing his identity. The
ancient fumbled among hiB memories.
"Doovll o' a Loon"
"Aye, I min' those loons. They
were a mischievous lot,
"Ano o' them aince stealt a boat o'
mine, and he might has been droon. 1
gao him a good thrashln', and the
nickum nearly broke my head wl' a
Ho paused .(It is thus that Macdon-
Human Scrap Pile
(Continued from page 1)
of workers by slow degrees? The silly
operators who do not know that cooperation means better work by happier workers and more money for the
.firm. What causes this laying off of
experienced men when they are of
most service? Greed—the mighty
monster that eats the heart of men
and women who allow lt to control
them. It Ib a disgrace to any civilized
nation. Shame on employers who can
thus destroy workers—ready to give
their best help to the work they know
so well. Let the guilty hang thetr
heads and feel their stingy souls crying for pity.
nid told the tale), and the far-away
look came upon him again*
"An' whaur's that deevil o1 a loon
noo, think ye?"
"Hung," I suggested.
The D—d Tories
"Hung? De'll a bit, man. Ech,
man, there's chalnges. Te're maybe
frae the south?"
I assented,
"Weel, ye ken o' him. He's fllngin'
Btanes as big as the hill there at the
heads o' the d—d tories. I wld like
tae see him again afore I dee.
"Bit lie's forgotten a' aboot the
boatie an' that clout he gave me. He
struck me jaest there (rubbing the
back of his head). 0' I'm prood o' 't,
an' lt wis ower forty years ago."
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Anti-War Day, 1924
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
■ McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Why People Subscribe for
the B. C. Federationist
1. For 15 years The B. C. Federationist has fought the battles of all those who work for a living, whether they go to
work with a white collar or overalls, endeavoring to make
better conditions for all wage-earners and their families, by
helping obtain a greater degree of justice, better wages, shorter working hours and fair working conditions.
2. Thc Federationist agitated for and helped obtain sueh
valuable laws as the Workmen's Compensation Act, the Minimum Wage Act for Women and Mothers' Pensions.
3. The Federationist is the only paper in British Columbia
that gives labor's side of public questions, and one should have
both sides.
4. IF ONE WANTS AU THE NEWS, particularly
labor's side of strike troubles, political campaigns and fights
for better labor laws, as well as labor news of interest and
importance from all over the word, ONE HAS TO HAVE A
Ask for
Pale Ale
A faD-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
my of the famous imported
■fee, and at much less cost to the
At aU Government Vendors
Tltb advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia.
Presi Beports of the International
Federation of Trade Unions,
Pretext and Truth: (Ii F. T. U.)—
In the recent struggle In Beligum with
the employera and the government for
tho retention of tho fi hour-day, the
chief argument adduced by the,latter
was always: "The eight-hours-day
must be given up in order io save Industry."
This looks rather strange when we
examine the export statistics of Bel-
glum, These ahow that Belgium has
greatly increased her exports to one
of her chief buyers, (Greece) in respect of artificial manure, hardware,
lead, mineral oils, etc. Moreover, in
comparison with last year, Belgium
has Increased all her exports to Greece
by the following percentages: Mineral
oils, from 16 to 18%; hardware,
from G5 to 78%; lead and antimony,
from 31^2 to 43%. Belgium controls
the zinc market wholly. In dyes, she
holds the first place. Her total exports have risen by 163%. It should
also be borne in mind that various
other countries (Great Britain, the
United States, France, Italy and Germany) compete for the Greek market.
In the face of such success, why need
the 8-houra-dny be abolished?
The oxecutive committee of the National Employers union of Denmark,
passed a resolution at Its last meeting,
protesting against any rise of wages in
the forthcoming collective agreement
negotiations. Any such increase will,
lt was declared, only be accepted on
condition that the workers are willing
to work for longer hours, and give up
the eight-hour day.
After the Bourges Congress: After
Loggers and Surveyors
Made to Order
Our Specialty
Repolrlng   Neatly  Done
Phone, Soymour 030
the congress of Bourges, when the
political wing of the French Communist Confederation of Trade unions obtained a majority over those who
were ln favor of a purely trade union
policy, this political wing has been
glorying in its victory, and paying
little heed to the announcement of the
opposition that it intended to continue Its efforts for genuine trade
unionism. The minority has, however, shown great energy in organizing Itself; It has established a kind of
state within a state, and has, so to
speak, laid the foundations of a new
trade union federation. A "committee
of the revolutionary trade union minority" has been formed, which has
Its own rules, calls its own meetings,
levies its own affiliation fees, and may
possibly evon hold its own. congresses..
The formation of this new organization may foreshadow a new disruption. The committee has already defined its aims and line of policy, and
created an administrative framework.
In order to avoid exclusions, only individual members are accepted.
Wages on the Gold Basis: The rates
of wages obtained under the agreements which have recently been concluded, vary very greatly. First of all
comes the rate for the building workers, which range from 50 to 75 pfennig, or between 37 and 55 pre-war
pfennig. Considerably lower is the
rate in the textile industry, where
skilled male workers earn between 40
and 50 pfennig. The average wage of
the full-time woker Is about 40 to 50
pfennig. More recent agreements
show a notable Increase. There is a
growing tendency to widen the gulf
between the skilled and the unskilled,
and between the men on the one hand
and women and young persons on the
The solution of the economic problem is not to be found In low wages,
which cannot but Involve a heavy tale
of 'unemployment, but rather in the
payment of wages which will be sufficient to enable the worker to take
pleasure In his work, and to give him
an adequate purchasing .power. The
employers are denying him these, and
are seeking to take advantage pf the
present depression in order to compel
him to accept starvation wages.
The government has taken its stand
on the theory that low wages will
bring with them economic salvation;
it contends that a rate which Is from
65 to 80% lower Chan that of pre-war
days is the right standard for today.
As a result, some of the awards given
today are absolutely without any
sense of proportion. In tbeir many
negotiations, the national unions
have over and over again protested
against this tendency, and they have
recently Issued a joint protest against
The Employment of Women In
Mining: The government of British
India is again devoting attention to
the pressing question of the prohibition of women's work in mining. The
ministry of industry and labor has
sent out a circular to all the provincial governments, asking if lt would
be possible to prohibit women absolutely from undertaking such work.
At the present time women workers
constitute almost a third of the u
number of workers engaged ln min
Agent (or nil Steamship
Drop In tad Let Us Talk lt Over.
BOBT. BAT, Aleut
Vsncouver, B, 0.
Freah Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, >
Ornamental anil Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
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Sey. 9S8-072 "SAX IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9M.I-1S9I
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Tbls admttwunt Is not pabliibol or dlapUyod by tbs Liquor Control B_srd or  .
ty tbo Oor.r*__*__t ot Brltiib Colombia
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Don't fail to investigate the wonderful bargains we are offering.
IMPORTANT—We are right next door to Pantages Theatre. Be sure
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SIZES 33  TO  38
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Worth $30
ThPHO 3-pleco s-.iiits were
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44—Hastings Street West—-44
—Look for the Large Electric Signs.
miihi iui Po«
to Wtaiagee


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