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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Apr 20, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        «*».poutical mm* victobt
12.50 PER YEAB
Labor Representation Committee to Enter South
Vancouver Campaign
| R. E. Rigby and' 0. Mengel
•   Selected, Another to
Be Chosen
The Vancouver and Dtetrlct Labor
Representation Committee decided on
Monday night to enter tho municipal
campaign in South Vancouver, where
school trustees and police commission-
era are to be elected, following the return of self-government.
The civic committee recommended
that one candidate be run tor police
commissioner, and two for school trus-
 i. This recommendation was adopted, and O. Mengel, ex-councillor, was
nominated for police commissioner,
and J. Rantein and P. Floyd for school
It was then found that Floyd was
not eligible, due to lack of property
qualifications, and R. E. Rigby, of the
Street and Electric Employees Union
was chosen, and it was expected that
Hankin and Rigby would be the candidates for school trustees, but the
first-named found it was Impossible
for him, at the present, to give the
time to the work, and sooner than accept the nomination and neglect the
duties, he would decline, and his position was placed before the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council on Tuesday
evening, and his resignation handed
to the secretary of the Labor Representation Committee on the same evening.
As nomination day is not until the
23rd, the dato previously set having
been changed, the Labor Representation Committee will deal with the
selection of a second candidate on
Friday, the 20th, at the general meeting, which has been called for the
purpose of deciding on a constitution
nnd bylaws.
The committee is deeply disappointed that Brother Rankin cannot run,
as he was suro of election, and well-
iltted for tho position, but at the same
time recognize that he has every rea-1
son for declining the nomination, but}
hope that in the next election he will
be available to accept a nomination
for somo municipal oillce.
Maurice Sjieetor to Speak
Maurice Spector, who recently returned from Russia, where he attended the sessions of the Third International, will speak in Vancouver on the
28th, under the auspices of the Workers Party of Canada.
Spector will deal particularly, with
the decisions of the fourth congress,
with reapect to the Canadian Labor
movement, and his words should be
of considerable Interest to all trades
unionists in Vancouver.
Patronize FederationiBt advertisers.
k V d Miners Are Addres-
_\ by Neelands, Petti-
'''  "$ and Guthrie
Sam QuSii' ;, M. L. A., R. P. Pettipiece and . °; Barnard addressed
m-Aetings at ,V_h Wellington and
Nanaimo on Sunday last, with the Intention of bringing about an organization of the miners.
Each speaker dwelt on the necessity of organization, and the lack Qf
enforcement o fthe Coal Mines Regulation Act.
Another meeting is to be held at
each of these places on Sunday, and
lt is expected that one will be held at
Ladysmlth also, on Sunday, the 22nd,
and a speaker will be on hand from
The Nanalmo miners have already
sent for a charter, and will become
atllllated with District 18, which comprises all the coal fleldB of Eastern
British Columbia and Alberta. Active organization work will now be
carried on, and it Is expected that a
representative of the International
will shortly be at the service of the
Island miners.
Labor Representation Committee
Contest South Vancouver Elections-
Trades Council Endorses Action
Three Candidates Will Be Placed in Field—Central Body Endorses Amalgamation Resolution—Banking System Criticized—
Object to Letting of Contracts to Non-Union Firms and to
 American Companies —
THE Vancouver Trades and Labor Couneil, by endorsing the recommendations of the Labor Representation Committee to run three candidates in the coming campaign in South Vancouver, has
shown that the new unity policy is meeting with the approval of organized labor. In addition to endorsing thc running of two candidates for school trusteees and one for police commissioner, the council pledged its moral and financial support to the campaign.
This decision was arrived at after a letter from the Labor Representation Committee had beeu
/ead, which asked for the support of the council for. the nominees of the committee, which are 0.
Mengel for Police Commissioner and R. B. Rigby for School Trustee, and it had been announced that
another nominee for school trustee would be chosen on Friday night at the general meeting of theL.R.C.
Delegate Pettipiece, in moving the endorsation of the committee asked that the executive do all in
their power to boost the campaign, and that he would like the council to stand behind the move.
Continuing, he stated that he had attended the meeting at which tho decision to run candidates had
been arrived at, and that he had been struck with the unanimity of the different schools of thought
in the labor movement, and that he would like to see a further spectacle when the different representatives of these schools stood on ono platform to elect working class representatives.
Referring to the different organizations represented, he stated that a nucleus of a united front had
been formed, and the Workers' Party, the Federated Labor Party, and all labor organizations are
standing on one platform for the election of members of the working class.
Th_   nmalirftmation   Question   was*. American continent; therefore be tt   ylocals, ai
Willi! MIGIS
Rev.   Grant   Says
Acted Against Political
New York—The execution by the
Russian government of Vicar-General
Butchkavitch was not an act of religious persecution, but an act expressing
the wrath of the government against
political treason, declared Rev. Percy
Stickney Grant, pastor of the Church
of the Ascension here. Dr. Grant, In
the course of a sermon in which he
discussed the attitude of the Russian
government toward religion, declares
it tolerant "of any religion or all religions, or no religion. What is the
matter with that?"
"Russia undor the czar," he said,
"would not stand, except under certain restrictions, for the Roman Catholic or the Protestant sect religions.
The only official form was the Catholic and Apostolic Greek Church. Now
the Soviets stand for any man having
any belief, or none at all. Certainly
from a governmental and civilised
point of view there is great importance in such a declaration as that."
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
Would Open Immigration Gates
Smoking Concert on April
14th Was a Great
Local Union 138 of the Painters and
Decorators, held a very enjoyable
smoking concert on Saturday, 14th
Inst., which was made possible by
several merchants of the city donating
some of their products. Everyone
thoroughly enjoyed themselves, and
fully appreciated the good things provided.
The donors of the different wares
were fully boosted, and will benefit
from the painters' patronage.
Several first class artists, "vocal and
dancing," contributed towards the entertainment.
Investigation  Shows  That
Employers Believe
in Force
[By Harvey O'Connor]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Seattle—How the Pacific Coast lumber trust, which hounded its workers
during the war as radicals, criminal
syndicalists and anarchists, itself Is a
violator against the laws of the United
States, was brought out here exhaustively in hearings before an investigating body of the federal trade commis-
The lumber trust organized the
Douglas Fir and Exploitation Co., the
commission charges, in restraint of
trade and to raise prices. Evidence
adduced here from officials of the
company Itself proved that the trust
controlled 85 per cent, of the output
of CoaBt mills; that it regulated prices
at will; that Independent millmen
were cut out of the market on the
pleasure of the trust, and many of
them squeezod to the wall when they
remained defiant.
W. B. Nettleton, of the Nettleton
lumber interests here, and member of
the company under charges, admitted
that the purpose of the exploitation
firm is to eliminate competition and
fix prices.
A letter, introduced as evidence by
the commission, declared that "the
only kind of action these people
(meaning those outside the combine)
understand Is force. I therefore fully
agree with your suggestion that we
shall carry the war Into their camp
through the China business and make
it so unprofitable for them that they
will be glad to come to some kind of
terms; and the sooner we start lt the
better, and go the full distance instead of part way."
President Ray Canterbury and
Secretary Harry Call of the International Union of Timber Workers, with
headquarters here, testified before the
commission on claims made by the
lumber trust that the combination was
beneficial to workers. The union officials declared that there had been no
Improvement in wages since 1917,
when the trust was orgainzed.
A feature of the hearings was the
poor memories of the lumber magnates. Ordinarily shrewd business men
could only give even the most elementary facts concerning their organization.
It became necessary for the commission to obtain a court order forcing the combine to open its correspondence files for Investigation.
The amalgamation question was'
also discussed, and the council went
on record as being in favor of the following resolution, presented by the
Switchmen's Union, and which had
been endorsed by the Carpenters and
the Steam and Operating Engineers,
which reads as follows;
Resolution on Amalgamation
"WhereaB, employers throughout
the country have solidly united, being
bound together by a solidarity of interest and organization, which leaves
no room for divided action or desertions, and moreover, they are supported by the government, the courts
American continent; therefore
"Resoltved, that this Trades and
Labor Council of Vancouver, in regular meeting, endorses the principle of
amalgamation as here set forth, and
calls upon the Trades Congress, as
the highest body in Canada, to circularize the various International unions
urging them to co-operate in calling
a series of joint conferences for the
purpose of consolidating the present
craft unions into powerful departmentalized industrial organizations, each
of which shall cover an Industry."
In supporting the resolution, Delegate  Flynn  stated  that at  the  last
and the press in any union-smashing' meeting of the locat Trade Union Ed
or wage reducing campaign in which
they may engage, and
Whereas, the unions, because they
are divided against themselves along
trade lines, and are thus unable to
make united resistance against the
employers, constantly suffer
after defeat, with heavy losses In membership and serious lowering of the
■workers' standards of living and work
Ing conditions, giving rise to a tendency economically unsound, but immediately attractive, <*i?amcly, * secession, independent and national unionism and all tho confusion inevitable
with such developments, and
"Whereas, expressing as this tendency does the sincere desire on the
part of large numbers of workers for
progress, thc only solution for tbe
situation ls the development of a united front of the workers by the amalgamation of the various trade unions
so that there will remain only ono
union for each industry on the North
ucattonal League, there were eleven
locals represented, and that the resolution had been endorsed by the local
union of the Steam and Operating En
gineers, and he thought, some other
Omaha—Carpenters in Omaha will
receive ?8 a day, Iron workors $9.
bricklayers $10, plasterers $11. Though
other building trade workers are out,
speedy agreement is expected, as many
individuals have been taken back on
the new wage scale.
London—The Countess of Warwick
has formally handed over to the British Labor Party her Essex mansion
Easton lodge, for use by them in conferences and other party occasions.
■ ■ ■„-_.liii»iniit.iin«"«..#**»>»->»»ilf 'a-a^ai't-tma-fa-t
Workers Party Meoting
The speakers at the Workers Party
meeting, to be held on Sunday evening, at the headquarters of tho pai'ty,
303 Pender Street West, at 8 p.m.,
will be Dr. Curry and J. J. Macdonneil.
The lust Label Committee dance of
tlie season will be held tonight (Friday) ln the Alexandra Pavilion, corner
of Honrby and Robson Streets. Good
prizes for whist and n splendid orchestra. Prices of admission: Ladles,
25 cents; gents, 50 eents.
Buy at a union store.
The Vancouver and District Labor
Representation Committee
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender Street West
Tonight (Friday), April 20th, 1923
All delegates should be present, and all labor organizations are
entitled (o be represented
Textile Industries in Russia
Are Making
[By Robert Dunn]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—Production in textiles, the
most active of Ruaslan light Industries, continues to improve. The state
trusts and private undertakings arc
now able to employ 350,000 of the
400,000 normally engaged. Real wages
now average from 60 to 80 per cent,
of the pre-war scale.
In three large factories that I visited this week, I found production per
machine hour approximately equal to
that of 1915.
In the now nationalized Emil Slndel
Dyeing, Bleaching and Printing
Works, one of tho best equipped fin
ishing planta In Russia, the output of
the 1500 workers in January of this
year was 2500 pieces per day of eight
hours, In January, 1915, tho dully
output of the 4000 workers In the
same works was 8000 pieces during a
nine-hour day. So while production
and the number of workers employed
Is only 36 per cent, of pre-war, the
productivity per man Is actually tho
same. f
The Moscow mill (15,000 workers)
in Orexova Zueva, with 2600 looms,
though only 1800 are now In operation,
production per machine is equal to
that In the days of capitalist control.
In the mills of all Russia the pro
duetion of cotton cloth In the period
1921-22 was 243 per cent, above that
for the previous period, 1920-21. If
the raw cotton can be obtained, and
the market is stimulated with a good
harvest this year, a similar improve
ment is expected. Largo shipments
of Amorican cotton for thc Moscow
mills arrived in PetroRnid this week.
The All-Russian Textile Union, an
industrial union, embracing on a voluntary membership basis 95 per cent,
of all thc workers in cotton, woollen1
nnd linen factories, is carrying through
a full programme of oducational and
cultural WO.*!* among ils members.
The first line of attack Is the liquidation of Illiteracy, nearly accomplished;
the second Is the organization of technical schools for each factory* - The
gradual replacement of the old-time
technical boss wilh iho newly-trained
Communist specialist Is perhaps the
major effort heading tbo programme
of the unions for tbe next fow years.
Thc present director of the large
Tregornla mill is a party membor and
a workman who was formerly a
Trades Council Is Asked to
Support Request for
Congress Charter
The second step towards the formation of a Federal Labor Union lo care
for the unskilled and unorganized
workers of Vancouver, was taken last
Saturday, when a meeting was held
in the Labor Hall to secure applications of those desirous ol joining such
an organization.
Fifty-six men signified their willingness to join and a resolution asking
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council to endorse the application to
Saturday, tho 21at, at 3 p.m.
Steps were also taken to hold another meeting, and a number of dod**
gers ordered calling a meeting for
Congress for a charter, was adopted.
All workers who are desirous of
joining this organization are uged to
attend this meeting.
and that the matter waB a love
topic in trade union circles throughout
the North American continent.
Sounds Good
Delegate Herrett, stated that the
resolution sounded good, but he
thought it should be endorsed by the
Trades Congress before it was dealt
with by the council.
Secretary Bengough stated that the
Machinists had for the past fifteen
years been in favor of the amalgamation of the Metal Trades, and he suggested that if such was the Intent of
the resolution, then he was for it; but
if it was to compel members of his
organization to join such an organization as the Paper Makers, then he
would have to oppose it. He asked
that this point be cleared up.
Delegate Flynn replied, and Btated
that the resolution itself should clear
any fears of localization, and refer
ring to the resolution passed by the
Machinists In 1919, he stated that
times wero now different, and that
the Interests of the different craft
could be better taken care of by an
amalgamation of the craft unions. He
also pointed out that amalgamation
would do away with jurisdictional disputes.
Educational Work
Delegato Bartlett pointed out that
the work was educational, and that it
was being carried on to bring the different sections of thc working class
together. Amalgamation, be stated,
would give the workers a bigger forco,
and as the omployers had recognized
the value of amalgamation, tho workers should follow, and that the em-
(Continued on page 3)
Bulletins.' Penult-
April 12—2065 Dundaa Street, J. P.
McNl-hol, dwelling. .2500; 1786—14th
Ave. West, G. Churchill, dwelling,
>3250; 573 Carrall, Baynes & Horle,
warehouse, $27,500.
April 13—1252-'! Broadway East,
T. A. Klnneken, dwelling.  $3500.
April 14—2606 Cornwall Street, J.
Sealer, dwelling, $4500.
April 17—1668—3rd Ave West, W.
L. David, alterations, »1600; 3261—
5th Ave. West, C. Hooper, dwelling,
$2000; 1844 Vietoria Drive, C. Roueas-
sel, dwelling, $3000; 2206 Balaclava,
P. Melton, dwelling, $4500; 2215 Balaclava, F. Melton, dwelling, $5500; 2986
First Ave. West, P. Motion, dwelling,
April IS— B. C. Sugar llellnery.
Rogers, pump .tallon, $4896; 1626—
12th Avo. West, A. Ilollister. dwelling.
$3500; 1341—3rd Ave. East, H. Burnham, dwelling, $2000.
Anyone knowing the whereabouts
nf my uncle, ,h)0 ration, rorntully of
UlVorton, Quebec, kindly advise Helen
M. Cramer, Brooklyn, Now York.
April 20(li lo April 27th
FRIDAY, April 20 — Molders,
Oranlie Cutters, Lubor Representation Committee.
MONDAY. April 23—U, B. Carpenters snd .lolncrs, No. 452;
iDlootricnl Worker-', No. 310;
Structural Iron Workers,
smilhs, Barbers,
No, 692.
THURSDAY, April 20 — Sheet
Metnl Workers, Steam and
operating Engineers, No. 844.
Daugherty's   Lieut.   Saves
Washington from the
Washington—The great Bolshevik
plot to burn and loot Washington on
May Day has been nipped ln the bud!
Fourteen of the 15 desperate revolutionists seized by the department of
justice on Monday night were turned
looso on Tuesday, and the 15th were
freed on order of a constitutional
court on Wednesday.
Finding itself safe and sound and
buck where It started, the national
capital breathes easily and gives a
voto of thanks to Sherlock O'Day, the
Daugherty lieutenant who got his
name in the papers by rounding up
the desperadoes.
On Wednesday Justice Hoehllng listened patiently while the local police
and department of Justice tried to
make out a caso against Edward J. Irvine, reputed secretary of the local
WorkerH Party. But after enjoying
ono postponement of the caso from
10 a.m. until 3 p.m., thc defenders of
law and order were forced to confess
that while they had ho evidence
against Irvine as yet,, they "hoped to
have something against him in a short
Ume," and would the court please
hold him under bond for a while?
But Justice Iloerllng had learned a
lot ahout police tactics against alleged
reds during the hearing, and hts verdict was that Irvine should take up
his hat and go wherever he liked.
In tho habeas corpus proceedings
which brought this finale to thc capital city revolution, Attorney Scllg C.
Brez represented Irvine. More application for the writ Induced the police
to free six of the seven prisoners who
they still held In prison,
Inasmuch as the sleuths who were
most active In staging theso raids
have been Implicated In similar false
arrest.! In tho past. Attorney Brcz announces that he Is considering bringing formal charges which may have
the effect of making detectives took
for evidence before Instead of aftor
they Incarcerate citizens with no effect except to bring newspapor publi-
Ity to all concerned.
Investigation   Into  Herrin
Riots Now in the
Springfield, 111.—After making
false < start by ordering .secret hearings, the house committee investigating the Herrin riots of June, 1922, began in public by putting Adjt. Gen,
Carlos Black and then Col. Samuel N.
Hunter on the stand. The investigation got under way after a second jury
at Marion had acquitted all the union
miner defendants brought before it,
and the State had dropped the remaining 70-odd cases.
Black appears to be trying to save
his hide, while Hunter, whose job
ends July 1, doesn't give a continental,
'.lie committee wants to find out why
troops were not sent Into Williamson
county a week or more before the
trouble burst into the mine war of
Juno 21, with Its bloody aftermath the
next morning.
Black testified that Hunter, who
was natlona I guard oflicor In the Herrin district, bad not thought troopH
were necessary. Hunter contradicted
this by stating that he had repeatedly
asked for them, but that Black would
not send any without a request from
the civil authorities. "Let the damn
fools go to It," Black told Hunter over
the phone when Informed that union
miners were gathering io march on
the mine. "If some of them get killed
off, maybe they will quit."
State's Attorney Delos Duty, who
later bitterly prosecuted the Herrin
cases, was among those who would
not ask for troops, according to Hunter.
Hunter, who is a former miner,
gained prominence soon after the rioting by declaring that Wm. J. Lester,
owner of the strip mine, should head
the list of those to be indicted for
murder. Thc grand jury returned Indictments ngainst union meu only,
Hunter testified that he was offered
$50 a day as a bribe by McDowell,
Lester's one-lodged superintendent, if
ho would bring In troops to guard tho
mine. Hunter promised troops If the
mine, which wns operating during the
strike In violation of an agreement
with the union, would close down.
Tbe troops wore to be used to escort
tho strike-breakers and company
guards safely out of the country. This
proposal was rejected by Lestor and
McDowell. McDowell said he had
brokon other strikes and he would
break tbis ono. Lester said he would
mine coal, blood or no blood.
The hearings will bo transferred to
Herrin, but Governor Small may be
examined before thc committee leaves
A Special  Committee  Demands Influx pit, European Workers
[By Paul Hanna]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington—Open the immigration
gates 66 per cent, wldf-rthan they are
at present, is a demand formulated by
special   committee   of the  United
States Chamber of Commerce.
The committee making this recommendation is composed of representatives of large employing corporations,
colleges and a former secretary of Tabor. After announcing .that the present 3 per cent, limitation on immigration should be retained, the committee urges:
"That to this S per cent, be added 2
per cent, on a selective basis, making
possible 5 per cent, in all. This addi-
dltlonal 2 per cent, will give us opportunity to test the practicability of proposals for selection, so meeting the
desire of those who wish a selective
basis to replace the restrictive, while
not affording ground for alarm to
those who fear Inundation,"
The committee making this recommendation is grants at present admis-
sable from the quota countries is 357,-
803. Under the new proposal the total
number adinissable would be 596,889.
This ls not enough to cause serious
misgiving, while at the same time it
is more than double the number specified by those who are most vigorous
in advocating liberalization.
Requirements governing the admission of the extra 288,586 "should
include tests -on the physical, mental
and moral suitability, as well as the
question of the heed of immigrants
of a particular kind;" For these selected , H per cent, the committee
would Impose, higher standards than
are applicable to the basic 3 per cent.
Immigration from the Nordic countries, rather than from eastern and
southern Europe, would be encouraged
by the committed "'by spreading information In those countries about opportunities in America."
John W. O'Leary, Chicago banker,
Is chairman of the committee. Associated with him in the report are W.
M. Alexander, of Alexander & Bald-
wind; Henry Pruere, Metropolitan
Life; John T. Buryea, Pierce Butler
Co.; Dr. Harry A. Gareld, president
Williams College; T. E, Jackson, Pitts-
burgh plate glass; Charles Nagel, former secretary commerce and labor;
Francis W. Shcpardson, Chicago; Geo.
M. Verity, Americnn Rolling Mills, and
Owen D. Young, General Electric Co.
Discussion of this Immigration proposal will be an order of business ot
tbe forthcoming convention of the
chamber of commerce of the United
States, In New York, May 7 to 10.
Moscow—Tbo new Savings Hank of
Petrograd, like other Russian banks,
will keep Its accounts wilh depositors
on a gold basis. If a worker deposits
paper rubles when they are worth f>0
to a dollar, as at present, nnd withdraws some months later when the
ruble bas gono down, be can tako out
1 0f> paper rubles or whatever was tho
gold vnlue of his deposit whon mado.
Russia Is the only country In Europe
fn which this practico Is followed.
What  about   your
neighbor's   sub-
Over Three Hundred Attend
Dance at Cotillion
.Milk Salesmen and Maker., Salesmen had an enjoyable get-together
whist drive and dance at lhe Cotillion
Hall on Tuesday laat, upwards of 300
attending. J. Herman, .1. Stinson nnd
Chris. Yates won the gentlemen's
prizes, and Owen Lawdell and Nlcholls
the ladles. A drawing for several very
fine pieces of aluminum ware created
u lot of Interest, It is hoped that this
Will not be the last social that tho two
unions will bold, ox a lot of the members  of   both   unions   met   each   othor
for the flrst time. etc.
The liwt 1-tiiH'l Committee dance of
(he season will be held tonight (Friday) lu (hr Alexandra Pavilion, corner
of Honrby and Rnlxson Streets. Good
prizes for whist and a splendid orchestra. Prlcf-s of admission: Ladle*.
25 rents; gents, 50 cents.
Hand Tho Federationist to your
shopmate when you aro through with
Thr last IjiIk'I Committee (Innco pf
the season will In* held tonight (Friday) in (ho Alexandra Pavilion, corner
of Honrby and ltolison Streets, Good
prizes t'oi- whist and a splendid orchestra. Prices of admission: Ladles.
25 rents; gents, 50 cents.
Unions Participating:   Cigar MakerB,   Hotol aad  Restaurant Employees   nirt
Allied Trades.
Tonight (Friday), April 20th, 1923
Whist Drive 6:15 p. in.
Six   Vftl-ii-ble  Whiat  Prir.s.
GENTS, 50 Cents
Cm ting 0 p.m. to 12 p.m.
Uu (Ttl   Lunch,   10c. Five piece  Orchw
fourteenth year,  no. ie BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancquvhr, b. o.
FRIDAY.; April  10,  1988
FuMlahed every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatloniat
Business Ofllce:   1189 Howe Street
Editorial   Offloe:    Room   $06—819   Pender   Street  West
HdttO-lal Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.
Sutswiption Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.60 per year, $1.60 for six months; to
B_I-_h subscribing in a body, 16c per member por
Unity of labor: The Hopo .of tlie World
FRIDAY April  20,  1823
Island Miners and Organization
T'lIERE is not thc slightest doubt that the organization of the miners on Vancouver Island will be
greeted with the greatest of interest on the part of
the organized workers on the mainland. But there
are others who will not welcome the reorganization
of men who for at least ten years have been at the
mercy of thcir employers because thoy became unorganized after having had to flght all the powers
of the state and the employing class, in an attempt
to safeguard their lives.
» » *
There is another faction wheih will also oppose
the organization of the miners, and that faction is
those workers who while claiming to be rebels, arc
oposed to trade or industrial unions. The master
class can uso men of this type, not because they
would knowingly betray the interests of the workers, but because they are a stumbling block to organization and will voice their opposition to the formation of a trade union.
* *       *
But unorganized workers arc Helpless.   They are
inarticulate and cannot express their opposition to
the conditions under which they work, and must
put up with whatever the employer hands out to
* *       #
We have repeatedly referred to the two disasters
at Cumberland. We have demanded an enquiry, but
as yet there has been no effort to place the blame
for the loss of a number of workers lives. The laws
are not enforced, and the miners know that this is
true, but without organization they cannot remedy
the conditions under which they have to work, and
too often die. The life of a miner at no time is a
bed of roses. It is hard and unremitting toil, and
but little pay at the end of it and thc danger of
death at any moment in the days work. Then why
should they not organize to protect themselves.
* *        *
Thc employers will use every effort to prevent the
organization of the Island miners. They will use intimidation. They will coerce and cajole, but only
those workers who have not yet realized that by organization, the workers secure protection, and what
is even more important, education and discipline,
will oppose the formation of a miners union on
Vancouver Island.
movements in the past, the workers are well acquainted. Naturally those who have the most interest in the Labor movement fear any such moves,
but there are others who do not wish to see amalgamation brought about, because of their reactionary
outlook. The latter are obstacles in the way of
progress, while the former are only over-cautious.
That the amalgamation movement is a success, is
demonstrated by the number of the largest organizations which have endorsed it. Sick and tired of
sectional strikes and defeat brought about by divided councils, the workers in every industry, are seeing the necessity of combination against an employing olass which at all times in industrial struggles
aets as a class.
But the loaders of the amalgamation movement,
realizes that the workers arc just what they are, and
do not wish to disrupt the existing organizations.
They recognize that the flrat necessity is the elimination of dual unions; thc need for educational work
in the existing organizations necessary to bring this
about through the members of thc unions themselves.
Dual unions are the curse of the Labor movement
of this and every other eountry where they exist.
The fight, which is at all times carried on between
them in order to retain the membership',prevents
the workers combining to secure better conditions
on the job.
The officials are naturally more concerned with
retaining organization than they are in increasing
wages or shortening hours, and the union becomes
the objective instead of a means to an end. The moral
of this is that the central labor bodies should devote
their energies to the elimination of dual unions, and
after that is accomplished, the work of securing
amalgamation of the craft unions will bc all the
easier. Start at the bottom, and build the foundations and prevent, at all costs, disruption in the existing recognized unions, and the work of bringing
about closer unity on the part of all workers will
proceed apace.
Class Governments and Farmers'
No Poverty When Fresh Slaves
Are Needed
TT IS ONLY A SHORT TIME ago that the jobless
•I workers of Canada wore told that the govornment
could not provide the money for relief purposes.
Poverty was pleaded as an excuse when the workers
sought the necessities of life,  But now we find that
the government can raise nearly two millions for
to .   *t   ' ' a
Strange arguments have been put forth by the
supporters of the immigration policy of thc government. One of these arguments, as reported in the
press, reads as follows:
Canada, with itB tremendous indebtedness, its
railway problem, and its heavy burden of taxation, was confronted with the imperative necessity of creating wealth.
' Canada had the natural resources and .'the
equipment, but she lacked thc man power. There
was no doubt but that Canada oould obtain this
man-power from Central Europe. The United
States had been forced to close her doors to immigrants.
¥ *£ *r
The worker*, who arc still without employment
will hardly sec any logic in the suggestion that there
is a lack of man-power, and the farmer whoso crops
arc not sold or had to lay and rot last fall, will not
realize the necessity of creating more wealth, hut
thc powers behind the immigration policy of tlie
Dominion government, realize that by the flooding
of thc Labor market still further, that thc onc essential thing in the produetion of profits, labor power
will be cheaper.
■y.        *        *
It has also been suggested that thc elass of im
migrants are the ones who will work away from the
cities, and lhat in the winter months, the cities are
overcrowded. Why are they overcrowded?
The answer to this question will of necessity be that
there is no work out oi! town, because the Labor
market is flooded iu the cities every winter by men
whe follow the out of town work. The agricultural
laborer, and the lumberjack, and the construction
worker is laid off iu the winter time, and they flock
to the towns. There are plenty of men who would
1 leave the towns ut any time if thc wages are oi
such a nature as 'to make it worth while, but while
lousy bunkhouses and food unfit to eat and low
wages prevail in the camps, there is little inducement for men to take such jobs. But it is evident
that the ruling class, by flooding the Labor market,
intends to still further lower the standard of living.
The Move Towards Amalgamation
THE CRISIS in the Ontario Provincial Legislature,
which caused Premier Drury to announce that
the government would go to the country, has given
the press an opporunity to dilate on the evils of a
Farmers Party, and class governments.
The Vancouver Daily World asks: "Shall the tail
wag the dog," and suggests that some of Premier
Drury's followers would keep the Farmers government a government of farmers and adds the following:
For let there be no mistake about it. Whether
the landowner be a feudal lord in his castle or a
working farmer in his fields, he will rule in his
own interest first and foremost.
Neither the Conservative nor the Liberal can
do that as a Conservative or a Liberal, for the
first profession of each is that his proposals are
such as to inure to the general good of the
Before there can .be a government, there must be
something to control. There must bc a ruling class,
and a class which is ruled. In fact, all governments
are class institutions, and the regime in Soviet Russia is a class one. It is composed of the representatives of the working elass, and even the capitalists,
who have gained concessions, are controlled by the
workers, not only politically, but in the industries
which they are operating.
#        #        #
As the agricultural industry has developed, and
the tillers of the soil have, because of the necessity
of securing more efficient machinery, the farmers
have become more and more under the control of
the financial magnates of the country. They have
seen that their productivity has increased, but that
the returns have not been increased in a like ratio,
and they have sought to remedy this by taking part
in politics.
Another factor whieh Has made thc farmers' lot a
hard one, has been the destruction of the market on
which he depended. He found that after raising a
crop, he eould not dispose of it. This condition made
him turn his eyes to organized effort to remove obstacles which stand in thc way of prosperity whieh
the financiers are so fond of talking about, but
which is denied all members of the working class.
But for a long time the tail lias been wagging the
dog. The dog is that section of the community which
produces all wealth, be they farmers or agricultural
workers. Thoy liavo boen buffeted by an
appendage to modern soeie|y, which is as useless
as tho flea on tho dog. Parasites in every way, producing nothing but taking all, the capitalist class
has ruled with au iron hand. Democracy is lo that
class a continuation of their ruling power. The
Liberal and Conservative parties, when in power, do
not serve all classes, but the class which they represent, and that is the present capitalist class. Class
interests dominate all political action, but when the
workers realize that only by the overthrow of a
society which is based on elass domination and wage
slavery, then thc dog will wag thc tail, as it is doing
in Soviet Russia, and the farmer will find that his
real interests are with the wealth producers, and he
will act accordingly.
"Women have secured moro equality," states a
pross headline. Some of us realized that fact in the
war time, when they were given greater facilities to
enter factories to make profits for thcir masters, and
to produco death-dealing weapons nnd munitions,
for use against other members of thc working class.
VANCOUVER Trados and   Labor
Council, on Tuesday evening, unanimously endorsed the principlo of amalgamation of all eraft
unions in one industry, that organization placed itself alongside thc most progressive Lahor organizations, such as the  most   militant   State  federations of Labor in thc United States.
«        #        *
There appears to be some idea in the minds of
some trade unionists that tho amalgamation of tin'
different eraft organizations is a secessionist movement    This is not so.   The idea is to build up   he
existing organizations, and to bring them together
without in any way disrupting thc Labor movement.
.,.        x*       *
AVith tho experience of thc failure of secession
Lord Robert Cecil, a scion of aristocracy which
was fostered and fattened under foudal serfdom, is
an exponent of the League of Nations. The family
from which he sprang, has I'or generations been on-
gaged in "statecraft" and all that goes with the
ruling of slaves und lho creating of capitalistic war,
but in speaking to an American audience recently,
he pictured the horrors of war and tho sufferings
of womon who wail and watch while their male
relatives fight tho battles of oapital. Ho asks, how
oan we savo those who come after us from the
agony through whioh we havo gono? Wo aro not
awaro that tho noble lord had gone through the
agony of a war widow, but if he is sincere, we would
suggest to hini lhat the only way to stop war is to
root out its causo, and that is human slavory and
exploitation,    s
[Nemesis] <
T SAT for a long: time before my flre
■*■ pondering on the preventive earth
miseries and the all-absorbing passion
for possession ruling the minds of men
in this boasted age of progress, and
the transient Joy and disappointment
those heaped-up possessions brought.
Suddenly I became aware of a (presence In the room. With an instinctive
shudder I turned my head and found
that two figures were standing behind
my chair I rose with a wild desire to
escape, but my le#s refused to function, and I stood and stared at my
strange visitors.
They wore dressed in what looked
like loose gray workman's overalls, but
their heads were encased in a bladder-
like arrangement, composed of a
transparent aubstnnce, through which
I could plainly discern '.heir features.
One of them carried a similar apparatus un&er his arm.
My visitors seized me, and one of
them threw over me the garment he
was carrying, and I found myself garbed even as they were. All power or
even sense of resistance had left me,
and I accompanied them quite docilely
and without sense of fear. It was as
lf a strange mental and physical metamorphosis had taken place In me, as
the strange garment waa forced upon
me. They led me through the back
of my premises, and over some vacant
lots till we came to an open, grassy
space, enclosed by a growth of.young;
willows and alders. There was a
bright, full moon, and by its light 1
discerned a strange looking machine
about a hundred feet in length, which
rested in the centre of thts open space,
tt was cylindrical ln shape, gradually
tapering at each end to a point. From
the ipoint at the front ran a sharp
ridge, winding spirally around it, so
that it resembled a huge screw. Otherwise its surface was bare and polished,
and rested on the ground without supports of any kind. It seemed to be
about eighteen feet in height, and in
the centre waB painted in red the letters H. S. M. T. S., and the flgure 9
underneath' them, which I afterwards
learned meant No, 9 of HiB Satanic
Majesty's transportation service. It
was No. 9 subterine, equipped for fast,
underground transportation.
One of my companions approached
the side of the machine, and apparently pressed a spring for a panel-like
door opened, and a metal ladder slid
down till it rested on the ground. Beckoning to me, ho mounted the steps
and slid through the open panel. I
followed, and soon we wero all three
in the central chamber. It waa globular In form ,and from rods running
parallel to the rounded roof hung
several seats which appeared to me
like swings used by children in their
play. Around the sides were circular
openings, probably the ends of ventilating shafts. One of the beings seated himself on a swing-like arrangement, and beckoned to me to do the
same. The other approached a protuberance which showed on the concave wall, and pushed it back, then
sprang with remarkable agility into
another of the seats. Instantly the machine seemed to rise perpendicularly
on its front end and began to revolve
By the working of some automatic
arrangement, the seats st i" hung from
the top of the chamber, and remained
stationary ln spite of the whirling side.
The machine was in forward motion also, and by the grinding and
crushing sounds, I gathered that we
were descending vertically into the
earth through the so|id upper strata.
The chamber began to grow hot, but I
felt uttle discomfort as the heat seemed to be modified by the admission of
cold currents through the ventilating
shafts. At flrst our progress was comparatively slow, but after awhile, the
motion quickened and the sides of the
compartment assumed a dull, red
color, which was no doubt caused by
the intense heat from the semi-molten
matter through which we were now
churning our way. However, the
chamber remained comparatively cool
and I experienced but little discomfort.
The precise time occupied by the
Journey I cannot say, as It was quite
Impossible to consult my watch, encased as I was In my strange, subtera-
neous costume, and I refrained from
enquiring of my companions as they
had maintained a frigid and repelling
silence through the whole proceedings.
Suddenly, howe^r, we came to a
sudden stop, and my companions descended from their s^ats and motioned
me to do the same. The panel-like
door opened and we descended and I
found myself in a huge chamber, lit
up by a bright, phosphorescent-like
glow which enabled me to see plainly
my surroundings. Tho chamber was
almost bare, the only furnishing it
contained being a double row of pipes
running round the base of the walls,
I stood near those pipes and was ubout
to place my hand upon thom when tho
being nearer to mo tbruptly pulled me
away. I learned afterwards that they
woro the cooling apparatus, and were
so intensely cold that had 1 come in
contact with them. I should havo received serious injury.,
One of my companions touched my
arm and wo proceeded to the end of
the chamber, and passod into an anteroom, where wo dlvosted ourselves of
our travelling dress and put on a suit
of evening dress such aB in worn by
waiters and gentlemen on tho surface.
My companion then gavo a peculiar
knock on tho great, folding doors
which occupied the entiro wall at the
further end of the ante-room. They
gradually opened and wc entered tho
great council chambor of His Satanic
Majesty. I felt no foar or emotion of
any kind, as my companion conducted
mo to whore two vacant seats stood in
the centre immediately before the
I gazed around mo. Evory seat in
tho hugo chambor was occupied except the throno itself. It was a mixed
audience. Tho men wore the orthodox ovening dross, and tho women
also woro fashionably attired, exhibiting gonorouH proportions of bosoms
and legs, which as I had often noticed
before on tho surface, would, from an
esthetic ami artistic point of view
alone, have been much holier less generously exposed.
Tho walls of tho great chamber,
capablo of seating somo fivo thousand
beings, wore papered with dollar bills
nnd the huge supporting pillars woro
adorned with blood-rod hangings,
thickly interwoven with goldon scrolls.
Each of the seati-d audience woro a
paper bill, the men in the lapel of
their coats, the women in the centre
of their breasts, and I noticed that
the front ranks wore bills of great
value which gradually decreased, till
those at the back exhibited merely
common or dollar bills. I was grievously disappointed on making this discovery, as I had fondly imagined that
we surface dwellers were the only
ones In tho universe who had a dollar
standard for the measuring of man's
The audience sat in absolute stillness and silence, as if they had beeo
graven out of stone.
Presently they rose en masse and
silently and reverently bowed thoir
heads as His Satanic Majesty entered
from a side chamber, and took his
seat upon the throne. Hero I experienced a second disappointment. My
infantile conception of tall and horns
was shattered. Before me sat an amiable, middle-aged gentleman, well encased In adipose tissue, perfectly
groomed, bland and smiling. He
quietly took his seat, less pompously
than the chairman of an ordinary
limited liability company does on the
surface. In all other respects he much
resembled one of those prosperous
He waved a hand, on which scintillated a valuable jewel, and the vast
audience silently resumed their seats,
Bending over he commanded his secretary, who sat at a table immediately
beneath the throne, to call the names
of his high executive council. The
secretary, fn a firm voice, called Cain,
Nero, Herod, Jezebel and Crlppen.
Jezebel was the onliy absentee. His
Majesty frowned, and a terrible flash
of anger illumined his eyes, and it
was borne home to me that as ln the
case of the surface rulers, the tiger's
heart was concealed beneath a soft
and woolly exterior.
Call  her,"   he  commanded.    His
secretary seized the receiver of the
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Closes at 6 p.m.
Fiolaset Corsets
Slenderizing Motif h for Figures
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A SPECIALLY designed style for well-de-
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For Slight to Average Figures
There is a new low bust Frolaset model
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-Drysdale's Corset Shop, Second Floor
676 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 8640
teous harvest, ready for the reaping.
Greed, the king of lusts is in the saddle, and I, the future monarch of the
Cosmos, am prima supreme on earth
At this -point, miy companion nudged
phone, which stood at his elbow, and I nie, and conducted me back through
I listened to the following: "Is this
Jezebel? His Satanic Majesty commands your presence." "What! Cannot come? Scorched your evening
dress? Came in contact with a prisoner trying to escape?" "Come at
oncer "Penalties for refusing?"
"Fine of a million dollars or three
ages confinement in your own oven
or both." "You will come at once;
good!" Almost immediately, Jezebel,
scantily attired liko the rest and seemingly very much confused, entered
and took her accustomed place. His
majesty rose and in a doep ringing
voice, began his address.
"Officers of my most high executive: Ladies and gentlemen of all
ranks; faithful and loving subjects
all—At this 6042nd annual meeting, i
greet you. From the reports handed
to our beloved secretary, who through
all tho decades and conturles, has
never tired or faltered In his glorious
work, I gather that tho year just ended might be almost classed as climax-
leal ln the ever-increasing record of
our success. We havo much to thank
our beloved Croesus for this unprecedented succession of rich and ever-increasing harvests, though it would be
Invidious on my part to single out any
one of our beloved executive as having exceeded the others ln his loyal
efforts for the throne, which one day
is destined to rule the Cosmos ln its
"From Cain to our beloved Crlppen,
includinug our fair but slightly erratic Jezebel, I have nothing but praise
and admiration, and when a few more
short decades have passed, and the
world ls mine entirely, and we com
mence the onslaught upon the other
worlds that now in peace and plenty
are whirling out there in space, I assure them that responsible and lucrative posts of honor will be found for
them on that great epoch-making occasion. My dear subjects all: I well
remember that memorable day when
in council assembled, our beloved
Croesus stood up and said to me: "1
humbly implore your Majesty to cast
aside all other baits and furnish your
traps with tho shining lure of gold.1
And now in this year of cllmaxlcal
success, I have cause to congratulate
him on his far-reaching and prophetic vision and myself on the fact that
I lent a friendly ear to his advice.
"To o'tr lovely and irresistible Jeze
bel, we owe much for countless Jeze
bels people the earth today. Nero
and Herod, our dauntless captains,
have succeeded well, and wars and
massacres have followed thoir subtle
whisperings, To our well beloved
Culn and Crlppen wo owe inUch—Cain
who has the honor of standing out as
tho first civilized slaughterer, and
Crlppen as the master of technical do-
tail In his honored work. My beloved
executive, I thank you, and ladles and
gentlemen ull, I sincerely congratulate
you on that executivo, laboring ceaselessly and lovingly on your behalf,
und hope that when eight more short
years have flown, and wo reach our
ono hundrod and twenty-first Jubilee,
more of you will havo qualified to act
on that exocutive. In conclusion, my
loyal and dovoted subjects, I strike my
first note of warning.
"Among those folly-ridden eurth-
dwellers, sodden with strong drink
and emaciating drugs, and dancing on
dlsease-onfeebled limbs to dishonored
graves, clutching with fiendish Joy
their worthless wealth' and trampling
their fellows to untimely deaths ln Us
pursuit; some clear minds havo discovered the cause of their miseries
and thoir crimes and though most of
these our agents have caused to bb
Incarcerated ln loathsome dungeons,
yet thoso who still are free, with loud
voices aro proclaiming the truth they
have discovered, and the slavos in
thoir misery are opening their ears
wide to their cries. Thoy also mus.
and shall be silenced. Yet be of good
cheer. All other signs are in our favor. The vicars of our adversary,
stuffed with a revolting pride, filled
with the good things of tho earth,
and with foar of the earth-owners In
thoir recreant hearts, aro silent ubout
tho great causo of the miseries among
which thoy dwell, and glaze steadily
out tho" old platitudes and the ancient
shibboleths. Verily nil is well. The
rich uro stubborn in the stupidity of
their greed and heed not the angry
cries of those whom thoy huvo dispossessed. Itobbery is rife; tho oarth-
owners uro piling up thoir riches, and
tho poor arc growing still more poor.
Disease and hunger stalk openly
through every land, and crimo in ever
accelerating violence In spreading ffll
0'il r'Ao, ln truth, all is woll. Go
forth, my Bpeclal agents, to tho boun-
tho anteroom to the waiting subter-
rine No. 9, and we were soon whirling our way upwards, garbed as before. On coming to the surface, my
guide divested me of my suit, which
I have reason to think was impervious
to heat and opened the door for me.
'Au revolr," he said with a distasteful
chuckle as I reached the ground, the
first and only words I bad heard from
my companion during foth Journeys.
I watched the machine rise on end
and twirl its way into the earth. When
I felt an unusual coldness in my legs,
and waking with a start, found my
firo out and my clock indicating an
early hour in the chilly morning.
Ring up Pbone Seymonr 2S-M
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
8nlU»   301  Dominion   Building
Kansas City Red Raid
Kansas City, Mo.—Police are holding Ave persons arrested in a raid on
a meeting at -which Ella Roeves Bloor
was scheduled to speak on behalf of
the Labor Defense Council. The council, which ls promoting the defence of
the Labor men and women indicted
in the Michigan red raid of Aug. 21,
1922, will co-operate with local trade
unions In holding another meeting
here. In tho raid the police confiscated books written by Leon Trotsky,
defence'commlssar of Russia, and by
Wm. Z.jFoster, the flrst of the Michigan defendants, who emerged victorious out o/ his trial nt St. Joseph,
Mich., when the jury disagreed 6 to 6.
Be sure to notify the post offlce as
soon as you change your address.
"From Maker to Wearer"
Suits — Dresses — Wraps
Everything in Ladies' Roady-to-Wear,
.ho latest style"- One of tho largest
Hocks in the West.
tf you live out of town, write for a
copy of our mail order catalogue.
Famous ^w^JJT
629  HASTINOS ST.. NM! Grantllle
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
-01-401 Metropolitan Building
837 HMtlM- St W. VANCOUVEB. B. O.
Telephones: Seymour 6660 ind 6667
Kindling Dree
1 _ 40 GRANVILLE  Ser. UM
1160 G_o_|_> SbMt
Sunday unleu, 11 »__. ud 7:60 p_n.
Sander eehool immediately -ODowial
morning eerriu. Wpdneadey teitimonial
meeting, 8 .pjn. Free rending room.
001-906 Blrke Bldg.
S. T. Harmon s. A. Perry
Pbone FftlmoM 66
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phono, Highland 00.
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones:  Sey. 1441 and 465
Offlee No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Cigar Store
Long Distance Telephone Servico ft Bwl
Asset to the Exacting Bunlsesij Mm.
THERE are few advantages In modern
business to bo compared In actual value
nith the service your own offlco telephone
Is prepared at any moment of the day or
night to supply you with.
At a minimum outlay in minutes, yon
can get in direct touch with your desired
party, posBlbly hundrods of miles away,
whore postal or other delay would bo a
decided drawback. Correspondence cannot compote with tho speed of telephone
servico, besides which consider carefully
the undoubted advantages of a personal
Tno Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
Hnve ,en protected ynnelt and yonr family agalnat net an emergeney,
witb • SAVINGS ACCOUNT— lho mojt rateable Aaaot a man ean ban ter
the "RAIN! DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND ,ee to atari aaek as aeooant AT OHOE,
nt one of onr Olty Branches.
HASTINGS and SBYMOUR. Geo. S. Hamion. Manager
Gordon and Abbott Kiln and 26th Are. Kala aad Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If you are living in a community not provided with Banking facilities, ad*
■Irons ui by mail, and we will be glad lo guide you In respect to "Banking by Mall." EDAT .April  20, 1»_8
fourteenth tear. no. ie BRFHSH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONI8T Vancouver, b.c.
-j—   11  .jt ■_=__________■
Expression Plates Hygienic Crowns
Hygienic Bridgework       Extraction of Teeth
Fillings -Pyorrhea Treatment
Scientific Methods for Elimination of Fain Used in
Every Phase of the Work.
Call and let me give you an estimate,
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Seymonr
Phone, Beymour 3881
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
Ancouver   trades   and   labor
■Council — President, R. H. Neelanda, M.
lA.; general secretary. Percy R. Bengongh.
■Ice; 808, 810 Pender St. Weat. Phone Ser.
K)5. Meets In Labor Hall at 8 p.n. oa
In first and third Tnesdaya In month.
■Meets second Monday in the month- Preheat, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Neel-
■ds. P. 0. Boit 66.	
1/lova     Btreet    West—BuBlnesa     meetings
•ry   Wedneiday   evening.     A.   Maclnnis,
airman;   _. H. Morrison, see.'treat.; Geo,
Harrison, 1335 Woodland Drive, Vancou*
, B. C., corresponding secretary.
w.ny district in British Columbia desiring
formation ro socurlng speakers or the foi-
stion of local breaches, kindly communicate
lth provincial Seoretary J. Lyle Telford,
U   Birks   Bldg.,  Vancouver,   B.   C.     Tole*
hne Soymour 1332, or Fairmont 4938.
■second Thursday every month, 819 Pender
■root   West.      President,   J.   Brlghtweoll;
lanolal   secretary,   H.   A.   Bowron,   2849
Irns 8treet.__	
URNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL  Union  of America-—Local   120,   Van*
i_ver, B. C, meots seoond and fourth Tues-
wra in oaoh month in Room 818—819 Pen*
■-• Streot West.    President, C. E. Herrett,
Hastings   Street East;   secretary,   A. R.
.1, 820 Cnmbio Street.    Shop phone, Sey.
Residence phone, Dong. JUJJR*.,
oilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
of America, Loeal 194—Meetings first
third Mondays In each month. Preal-
■-, P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraier. Office:
a 808—319 Pender Street West. Offlce
a, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to S p.m.
'loklayers or masons for boiler worka,
or marble setters, phone Brieklayera'
>n. Labor Temple.
ER8 and Joiners, Local 452—-Preaident.
Dunn; recording secretary, Geo. Snell;
ness agent, Oeo. H. Hardy. Office:
n 304—319 Pender Street West Meets
id and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5,
Pender Street West. 
10 EMPLOYBES UNION—Meeta first
third Fridays In eaeh montb, at 148 Cor-
Street West. President, David Cothill,
Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo,
iaon, 1385 Woodland Drive. 
Steam and Operating, Looal 844—Meeta
ery Thnraday at 8 p-m., Room 307 Lahor
triple- * Secrotary-treSBuror, N. Oreen, 958
irnby Street. Phone Sey. 7043R, Record-
g   aeeretary,   J.   R.   Campbell,   808   Firat
reet, North Vancouver,	
Presidont, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
retary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Fireball.
Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
iota firat ai'd third Wednesdays at 2:80
n. Seoond and fourth Wednesdays at
10 p.m. Executive board moets every
•■day at 8 p.m. President, W. A, Colmar-
ttneaa agent, A. Graham.   Phone Seymour
)F CANADA—An industrial union of all
fkers in logging and construction camps,
ist District and General Headquarters, 61
-dova Streot West, Vancouver, B. 0.
tne Seymour 7856. J. M. Clarke, genoral
retary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs.
d, Maedonald ft Oo., Vancouver, B. 0.;
iters, Messrs. Buttar ft Chiene, Vancou-
~, 0.
tCHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
poorge; seoretary, J. G. Keofe; buainess
lint, I*. R. Bengough. Offico: 309, 310
hder Street West. Moets in Room 818—
[■ Pender Streot West, on flrat and third
[aradayj in month,
CHINI8TS LOOAL 692—President, Ed.
'awson; socrotary, R. Hirst; business
._., P. R. Bengough. Offlco: 809—819
dor Stroet West. Meets in Room 8—
Pender Street West, on seoond and 4th
tjdayg in month,
INION, Loesl 145, A. F. of M.—Moeta at
un Hnll. Humor Street, aecond Sunday,
10 a.m. President, Ernest C. Miller. 091
son Stroet: socrotnry, Edward Jamieson,
Nelson Street; flnanclal secretary, W. E.
Hams, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F.
;cher, 981 Nelmm Street.
ORS and Paperhangers of Amorica, Local
Vancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thnrs*
i nt  148 Cordova Stroet WoBt.    Phone,
_', 3510.    BuHlnomt agent, R. A. Baker.
ftiTnmvKRS, bridge, wharf' and
■lock Builders, Ural No. 2404—Meets In
■•or Hall,  819 Pender Street Wost overy
T-and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m.    Jas. Thump-
, financial secretary,
Tordnva St. West, _, 0. Box 571,   Phono
. 8703.    Meetings every Monday at 7:30
J. Peanton, business agent,
b.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and Srd
flay of each month at headquarters, 818
rdova Street West. President. D. Gllles*
; v|e,o*v»reBldont, John Johnson; secretary-
usurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
ra Streot West. Branch agent's address:
n. Francis, 1424 Govornmont Street, Vic*
"     ~   0.
bloreea, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
[P. Hall, Eighth and Klngsway, 1st and
1 Mondays at 10:ir» a.m, and 7 p.m.   Pre-
■ont.   F.   A.   Hoover,  2409   Clarke  Drive;
lording seeretsry, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
\ F   Androw; financial secretary and busl-
agent, W. H. Cottrell,  160—17th Ave.
t.    Oflico, cornor Prior and Main Streets.
lone, Fairmont^ 4604V,
[Hmerlca,   Coci
___  _ "union   of
_ __...     local   No.   178—Meetings   hold
t Monday In each month, 6 p.m. Presl*
' . A. R. Gstenby; vice-president, Mrs.
!k; reeordlng secrotary, C. McDonald, P.
Box 508; financial soorotary, P. McNolsh,
0. Box 603
lint Russia—Vnncouvor branch moets first
I third Sundays eseh month, 2 p.m., at 01
■dova Street West. For information write
■branch secretary, 8. T. A. fl. R.. 61 Cor-
la Street Wost, Vstic-niver, B. C.
lidont, Wm. Skinner; vice-president, A,
oker: Becri'tary*trensnrer, R. IT. Neelnnds,
0. Bnx 6fl. Meets last Sunday of eseh
nth at 2 p.m,
PB7—Preaident, J. J, Bogg; vice-president,
J.   Stewart:    B"cretsry*trensnrer.   L.   C,
■Wrt.   P, O, Bnx 476, Nnnalmn, B. C,	
■UNION, Nn. 413—President, S. D. Mac*
■nnld, secretary-tmnsuror, ,T, M. Campbell,
" 0. Box 689, MnntB Inst TlmrBday nf each
"In tbe Flavor Sealing Tin1'
London—Tho Indian legislative as-
sembly has passed unanimously the
bill relallzing the enrollment of women as legal practitioners.
Pass The FederationiBt along and
help get new subscribers.
Wu deliver your order—-lt does
not matter how small.
128 Hastings SL E.—Sey. 3802
880 Granville Street—Sey. 866
1101 Granvillo SL — Sey. 6140
3260 Main Street Fair. 1683
Fresh Meat
Slater's Famous Pork Shoulders,
weighing from 4 to 10 lbs, each.
Lots of meat and just right for
your week-end roast. Friday
and Saturday 1 Ol*_f»
at, per lb    l_fa_2 C
Choice Pot Roasts from, lb 8c
Choice Oven Roasts, from, Ib 10c
Choice Boiling Roasts from, per
lb     8c
Choice Rolled Rib Roasts from,
per Ib 18c
Choice   Boneless   Stew   Beef,   2
lbs.  for  25c
Choice Milk Fed Veal, fresh
killed and Govornmont Inspected at competitive prices.
Beef Shanks, all the
meat only; tb	
Rutter     flutter    Rutter
On Saturday morning from 7 to
12, wc will sell the No. 1 Alberta
Creamery Buttor, regular DGc Ib,
Special  at Al   ng
3 lbs. for «Pl«t)0
Ham     Ham     Ham
Genuine Hind Legs, boneless,
sugar-cured hams (no shin),
weighing about 8 lbs, each; very
mild; wholesale price 32c per
Ib.   Our price, 0*71 .#»
per lb    mi JC
B. C, Fresh EggB,
3 dozen for	
Slater's   Famous   Cottago   Roll
Hams,   weighing   from   4   to   6
lbs, (boneless); reg.
30c lb.   Special	
Slater's Famous Smoked Su
gar-cured Picnic Hams, 4 to
fl  lbs. oach.
Special, per lb
Slater's Famous Ayrshire
Roll Bacon, in cuts of 2 lbs.
up to 10 IbB.; regular 35c
por tb. Kxtra
special at	
At Slater's Stores
What do most of the loggers on the
B. C. Coast think and do? Well, as a
matter of fact, when the logger ls ln
town, his mind is occupied with the
task of finding a master, or getting a
Job, as we commonly term It, and the
flrst step in-this direction is securing
a slip of paper that promises him a
Job in some place, more or less distant from civilization. Having secured this slip of paper from the combined Job factory and blacklisting bureau, he will bo busy for the remainder of the day packing up his belongings, and carrying them down to the
Union Steamship Co.'s wharf.
On the way up to camp, he will have
two or three days in which to do sotye
thinking about matters relating to hts
future; and having a true individualistic conception of hts position ln society, he commences to think about
how btg a stake he ls going to make
this time, and generally decides that
lf the camp Is any way decent at all,
he will stay; for six months or more.
But what ls he going to do with all
the money he ts going to get? Oh,
well, he Is going to have a hell of a
time when he hits town, or perhaps
he may decide that he wtll buy a few
acres of stumps and be Independent
for the rest of hts life. About the time
he reaches this conclusion, the boat
arrives at the camp, and he has to
quit day-dreaming and face realities.
Having thus arrived at the camp
without any mishap, he Is ready to begin the daily grind. Of course, his
blankets may have got wet and dirty
on the boat, but they will do till the
flrst sunny day, which in this part of
the country may be a long way off.
But when it does come, he wtll spread
his blankets out and get them dried.
After a while he starts to grow restless, because, he cannot get any news
of the outside world. The bum grub,
and the poor accommodations probably may not bother him so much—he
is used to that.    But generations of
'contact with his fellow man makes
him long for social Intercourse. He
wants to know who ts who tn the
baseball gome; what ts going on
around King Tut's tomb, and such
things of a like nature. He therefore
subscribes to the Daily Province, or
some other "respectable" newspaper,
and reads that In the evenings and on
Sundays. 'When he has more time on
his hands, he will read Snappy Stories,
Breezy Stories and other publications
of a like calibre.
But content though he may be, almost Invariably something happens
which makes even the meekest and
most servile slave quit, and so It comes
that he never gets his stake quite big
enough to enable him to reach that
state of Independence he has been
dreaming of. Thus he has to come to
town, "blow in," and do the same
thing over and over again. The very
logic of the life he has to live and the
economic development of the time In
which he lives preventing him from
ever rising in the social scale.
What should he do then to improve
hts lot? It should not require a great
deal of intelligence to answer that
question. He should flrst of all quit
reading the bourgeois scream sheets,
which at present he "absorbs," and
start reading Labor papers and publications. He would then learn to
think socially; he would soon discover
his class position, and he would then
soon learn what to do and how to
do lt.
The logger who reads this may say
that he.has done all this studying, and
already knows all these things. If so,
let htm ask himself whether he is a
member of the union? If not, why
then does he not Join the Lumber
Workers Industrial Union of Canada.
In that organization, there ts room
for all who work In the lumber Industry, regardless of all racial or other
differences. You Lumber Workers,
make the job hunt for you instead of
you hunt for the Job, and finally,
crush this damnable system of slavery
and exploitation.
S 1406.
Towards Trade Union Unity in France
[By Marcel Otllvler, Parts] *
QNE of the main reasons for the
v present impotence of the French
proletariat lies in the extraordinary
weakness of its economic organization, which Is split up into two hostile
camps fighting one another with bitter
Three years ago, at the beginning
of 1920, "Confederation Generale du
Travail" (C, G. T.—General Labor
Confederation) of France counted
about 2,600,000 members. Today the
combinod membership of the C. G. T.
and the C. G. T. U. (Unitarian Genera) Labor Conferatlon) is less than
700,000. If we estimate the working
population of Franco at 8-9 millions,
there is only one proletarian out of
every fourteen organized in a trade
These facts suffice to characterize
the almost completo state of impotence experienced by the French working class at the present time, as opposed to a splendidly organized bourgeoisie, which has the whole army
and complete state apparatus at its
Not only the political parties, the
Socialists and Communist Parties Included, but also the trade union alliances; the C. G. T. and the C. O. T.
U. exercise a purely moral influence
on the French proletariat. This is revealed in rare cases only as an Instance, when the reaction of the capitalist class and of the government disregards or threatens the interests of
the working class all too openly. But
us soon as such a crisis Is over again,
the workers fall back at once Into
their old apathy towards all political
or economic problems.
This passivity of the working class
is one of the main obstacles ln the
way of the dovelopment of the class
war in France. It Is therefore the
duty of the revolutionary organizations of the proletariat—the Communist Party and the C. G. T. U.—to clear
this stumbling, block from thc road
with every means at their disposal,
The Communists must do their utmost
to strengthen trade union organizations within the working class. It is
only by these moans tlmt their class-
consciousness can be aroused and developed. And the effectual execution
of this absolutely necessary task Is,
above all, dependent on the restoration of trade union unity.
The Communists have been .propagating this slogan for a long time, and
it has again been strongly emphasized
by tho Fourth World Congress of the
Communist International, With regard to tho C. G. T. U., It has always
unequivocally expressed its readiness
for trade union unity. The name was
chosen, "Unitarian General Labor
Confederation," Is at once a witness
to this. But up to now the irreconcilable opposition of the Anarchist elements ruling the C. G, T, U. has prevented this longing for unity from becoming more than a mere theoretical
In this sense the step already taken
be expelled on the pretext of trade
union discipline, but that the discipline clause should only be applied in
cases of grave breach of duly passed
resolutions involving trade union action.
This proposal of the C. G. T. U.
called forth very lively debates at the
congress of the reformist trade unions.
As it was not very well possible to reject it outright, the congress declared
Itself tri favor of the restoration of
trade union unity, .but announced
[simultaneously that this restoration
could only take place on the principles
of the old C. G. T„ and would be possible only if commenced from below
that is, .it should be first undertaken
in "every trade union affiliated to the
C. G. T."
These words "nlflllated to the C. G.
T." were Inserted on the motion of
Jouhaux, and after a violent conflict
between Digat, who stood for trade
union unity, nnd Merrheim, who was
opposed to lt; the insertion of these
words In the congress resolution was
tantamount to a rejection of the C.
G. T. U. proposal. For the C. G. T.
U. had declared from the beginning
that the restoration of trade union
unity would only be possible on the
basis of a newly constituted joint organization.
With regard to the second proposal
of tho C. G. T. U. regarding a proletarian united front for the struggle
against French imperialism in the
Ruhr area, this was rejected almost
unanimously at. tho congress of the
This rejection once more illuminates the full significance of tho question of trade union unity. It must be
made perfectly clear to the workers,
that the Reformist trade union leaders
do not want to hear anything of the
restoration of trade union unity In
France, and that they—see the declaration made by Mr. Fimmen, the
socretary of thc Amsterdam Trade
Union International at thn recent Reformist Congress—prefer the division
in the trade unions to the danger of
losing their leading positions, oven
though the price they pay is tho condemnation of the Labor movement to
complete Impotence.
Trade union unity and alliance at
any price! This must In* the slogan
of all Communists today!
Labor Representation
Committee Will Contest
{Continued from page 1)
ployers, while amalgamated, their different Industrial sections retained
their own jurisdiction in theh- different sections. Referring tri Oreat Britain, he stated that the British Trade
Union Congross was working for the
amalgamation of the unions.
Delegate Rankin, of tho Typographical Union, staled that his organization
was In favor of the foderation of the
printing trade-1, and several of these
trades   had   already   tnken   stops
by tho C. G. T. U-with regard to the j bring It about, but thc higher-ups had
reformist C. G. T„ undoubtedly Indi
cute.*, a turning point. On the occasion
of the recent C. G. T, congress, the
oxecutive committeo of the C. G. T.
U. addressed an appeal to the delogatos of this congress, containing;
1. A proposal for thc restoration of
trade unton unity In France, and
2. A proposal for the establishment
of a proletarian united front against
French Imperialism,
Willi regard to tho restoration of
trade union unity the C. O. T, U. proposed tho convocation of a Joint congress of all trade unions at present
adlllalcd to the two central trade
union bodios. This congress waa to
draw up the national and International
programme of action of the new c
fl. T., and to appoint a new central
bureau on tho lines to be Indicated by
this body. Thc minorities within the
re-created C. fl, T. were to be subordinate to the win of the majority, but
to retain unlimited right of criticism
and opposition. Fur therm roe, that no
singlo member or single organization
destroyed the efforts, and It was thli
fact, that at" times made him think
the working class movement wns hopeless. But he Insisted lhat evolution
would bring amalgamation about. He
also statod that the employors realize
that they have an Identity of Intorests,
while the workers light one against
Ihe other.
The resolution was finally carried
without any dissent.
Delegate Pettlplece Introduced the
following resolution with respect to
the hanking system, and at the same
timo pointed out thai while ll was not
strictly a working class matter, yet It
had a political significance.
''That, in lha opinion of Vnncouver Trades and Labor Connell* the
timo has arrived I'or lllo reorganization of the banking system of
Canada, so as to bring it more nearly within ihe democratic pptrll of
proper regulation a ud bow ml by
the people, ami with (his object in
viow, be It resolved lhal:
(1)    The hanking system of Can-
ada Bhould be placed under tbe control and regulation of a Banking
Commission Invested with plenary
powers ln all matters pertaining to
banking, currency, coinage and credits, and, ln particular, power to
regulate and control-
la)   Tlio Issue of public currency.
(b)..- The coinage of gold and silver.
(o). The purchase of bullion pr-o
duced ln Canada.
(d). The amount of call money
loaned outside Canada.
(e).   Interlocking directorates.
(f).   The supervision of credits.
(B).   The capitalization of banks.
(h),   Tlie payments of dividends.
(1). The relations of subsidiary
trust and money-lending concerns to.
(J) And generally, all such matters that aro necessarily incident to
tlie proper regulation and control of
bonking and eurreney.
"2. Be It further resolved In connection therewith, there should be
organized a National Bank of Canada, as a central reserve institution,
upon   whose   hoard   of  governors
should also sit, amongst others, tlie
mombers of the said Banking Commission; the object of said National
Bank to Include, amongst other objects, the primary responsibility of
marshalling and mobilizing the gold
and silver reserves of the nation,
and the ownership and control of
the issues of public and national
In support of the above resolution,
Delegate Pettlplece submitted the following excerpts from a letter written
by a well-known Vancouver citizen to
a cabinet minister at Ottawa:
At the council session of the federal
house, the Bank Act will be up for
Its annual decennial revision, as it did
not come up at the last session. The
terms of the resolution above speaks
for itself, which, of course, constitute
a radical change in the policy heretofore obtaining under the Bank Act.
The more one considers the banking
monopoly, with Its complete ownership of the profitable privileges of
currency issue on a Ave per cent, gold
reserve, the more one wonders that
the people of Canada have stood for
It as long as they have. It gives them
the privilege of coining the national
credit in promissory notes, 95 per
cent, of which is the national credit
of Canada, and they lend lt back to
the people at 6, 7 and 8 per cent, interest. The excessive reserves and
high dividends, which they are piling
up and paying yearly show the excessive profits in tho banking game,
which the people have to pay, whereas
there is not even n system of government inspection. The scandalous
abuse of these privileges and this laxity is illustrated in the Merchants
Bank situation, This ls only one of
several instances of the same aort,
which has occurred in the history of
Canada in recent years, and tt does
not make for public confidence tn their
banking institutions. This phase of
the matter requires-serious consideration, and from a political point of
view, ub well as from an economic
point of view, lt is the biggest question facing the public today. The
banks, under the present system of
Eastern control, repeatedly dlscrimi.
nate ngainst legitimate Canadian trade
generally, while facilitating more profitable speculative or gambling transactions. The elastic privileges, which
lack of proper control and inspection
gives them, enables them to do this,
as well ns permits the lending of huge
sums on call loans outside of Canada,
etc. Long 'ere this the government
realized that the railroads had to be
controlled, but as a matter of economic fact they are not dealing oven In
as much a basic necessity of life as
tho banks, which hnndle the medium
of exchange.
If the Railway Commission can
function to tho benefit of the people
of Canada, as they undoubtedly have,
and are endowed with Jurisdiction to
order such minor matters as a siding
at a wayside place for the benefit of
some farmer on the prairie, or some
shipper in British Columbia, It would
be equally effective to endow a Banking Commission with power of control of supervision of credits.
Many people are thinking along
these lines very seriously today, where
it Is brought homo to thom in assessments of income lax and othor heavy
forms of taxation, which they have to
bear, and they read in the press of the
excessive dividends banks are paying
every quarter, and it brings the matter repeatedly home to public attention. This matter has a direct bearing on the financing and the redemption of the colossal war debt, which
Canada is facing. Were the governmont to lake over tlie Issue and ownership of national currency us a monopoly, and take it away from the banks,
It would mean hundreds of millions of
dollars a year to the government,
which would in .effect go to the redemption of the war debt, and when
capitalized over a period of yoars. Including interest compounded annually,
which otherwise will havo to be paid
hy the people in redemption of the
war debt, It would amount to a huge
sum saved to the people of this country.
Delogate Morrison asked in what
way would the situation be Improved
for tlie workers if tho banks were
transferred to the present government,
In view of tho lack of enforcement of
existing Labor, wblch was la favor of
Labor, and the enforcement of all
legislation at all times against tho
Delegate Pettlplece replied thnt lt
would not materially assist the workers, hut thc sending of such a resolution had nt loast a political significance. Tho resolution was passed without   further   discussion.
The totting of the contract for cadets*
uniforms to Gault Bros,, a non-union
firm, hy the School Board, wns discussed, and deprecated, while the action of Trustee Mclnnis, the only Labor man on the bonrd, who voted
against thc letting of this contract to
tho firm referred to, was praised.
Tho Denver Contract
Tho letting of a contract to a Denver firm by the Provlnolal govornment
was again brought to the attention of
the council, by a letter from tho representative of the Denver outfit, who
enclosed a resolution for the council
to pans, which would have rescinded
tho vote of censure on Iho government had it been adopted, This letter stated that the council had been
supplied with wrong Information, btit
Secretary Bongough stated that the
Information was correct as reportod at
Uie last council meeting, and the communication was received and filed.
A communication from the Canadian
Society of Certified steam Engineers,
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that haa no
equal In Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
.enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
which had been received by The Federationist too late for publication ln
the last issue, wtth a letter from the
editor, stating that the enclosed might
be of Interest to the council, was read.
This letter Intimated that the statements made as to the working at
Sheliy's bakery and the Fraser Valley
Dairies not being union men and
working more than eight hours, at the
last meeting of the council, were untrue.
Delegate Flynn statod that there
were no members of Local 844 of the
Steam and Operating Engineers employed at either of the.plants named,
and there was no other local' with a
charter from the International ln the
city. He also stated that he was undor the impression that the organization had a charter from the government, but that the rules had been
drawn up by an individual who was
close to the employers, and did not
think that such an organization could
be classed as a union.
Only Ono Union
Secretary Bengough stated that thc
only organization the council could
recognize was the Steam and Operating Engineers, and thnt outside of
the fact that the Canadian Society
had the recognjtlon of the government, that organization hnd no standing.
Another delegate pointed out that
when the Steam and Operating Engineers agroement expired, the men
were laid off, givon good recommendations nnd other men set on to work
twelve hours per day.
Tho communication was received
and filed, and the matter of adjusting
the differences with Sheliy's Bakery
and the Fraser Valley Dairy, with thc
union, was referred to the secretary,
with power to act.
Reporting as to the Labor Representation   Committeo,   Delegate   Jtoss
and Dodson said that tho move was to
get a united political front, and urged
(Continued  on  page  4)
At tho Orpheum
If you are so fat that you have to
use a piano truck for a taxicab, don't
let It worry you, for men worse off
than you have taken their avoirdupois
and turned lt Into a right comfortable
Income. Take, for instance, Frank
Mclntyre, who comes to the Orpheum
next week, "in "Wednesday at the
Rltz." Mclntyre was so fat that he
couldn't follow his life work, so he
had to go on the stage.
In early yoars Mclntyre aspired to
ho a newspaper reporter, but ho was
so fat he couldn't run down the news,
so the city editor gavo him the air.
He went forthwith to an Elks' entertainment, and sang a comic song. He
was so funny to look at that the audience shrieked. When he made such
a hit with the Elks he decided that
he'd better continue in thc show business the rest of his lifo, and here he is.
Tent Hlthta and Three MaM-aaa
BroadwaV'a Famoni Star Gouadlan
 ra__m McmtTBB	
Tbat Klauf Llttla Klown
 sylvia olaek	
thbee white _____
 bobby Mclean	
  and MAE	
Aciop'a Fablaa     Topic, of tha Day
Canadian Patha Newa
Every Hon., Wed. and Bat. Sralnp
804 HOBNBY 8T. Opp. Court Hooaa
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Boer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade '-.■..' ■■, ,       ■■    '    ■
FRIDAY .April  _0,
Tweed Suits
The Very Style You Seek
This is one of the most remarkable lines we hare
ever been able to offer in snappy styles for young
men especially. The materials are tweeds of exceptional quality in the lighter or medium shades and
fancy mixtures, The styles comprise the popular
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and styles will meet witb your precise requirements,
as well as will the remarkable low price—
45-49 Hastings St., East
Governments   Also   Foster
Teaching   of
[By Bertram D. Wolfe]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Mexico City.—A census of the small
scale industries of Mexico City published by the department of education's bureau of statistics, reveals
that the proportion of women and
minors employed ln such Industries
Ib small, aud that Illiteracy percentages are low.
In round figures 80 per cent, of
the workera employed are adult
males and only 10 per cont, women
and 10 per cent, minors.
Of the 14,000-odd workers 87 per.
cent, are illiterate. In other parts of
Mexico it is estimated that 80 per
cent, or more are illiterate.
The campaign against illiteracy has
become a veritable crusade in many
quarters. There are Illiteracy scouts
among the children, campaign committees among teachers, etc., and
your correspondent has been tagged
with a button which pledgca him to
teach at least one Illiterate. With the
active encouragement of the minister
of education, workers' schools are
being established in all industrial
centres and among the peasantry.
Free school buildings and funds for
supplies are provided and in some
cases teachers are paid.
The most interesting of the insti*-
tutions Is an evening school in Mexico
City conducted in a public school
building in the workers' quarter by
the Workers' Educational league. In
addition to the three r's, sociology,
political economy, history, geography,
mechanical training and public speaking are taught.
I visited the public speaking classroom. In tt laborers fresh from work
were saying something worth while
In three minutes on such topics as:
the united front; tenants' leagues;
significance of the Mexican communist painter, Diego Rivera; alcohol as
a menace,to working class progress;
the church as an obstacle to class
consciousness; the facisli; exploitation in my factory. The interesting
thing to me was that such classes are
run in government owned schools.
Fresh from teaching experiences tn
the U. S. It was difficult to conceive
of a government permitting such
Issued by the
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Poems and Lyrics, by Mrs, Jane E. French.   Paper covers $1.00
Songs Unhidden, by the Prospector.    In paper covers, $1.50; velvet
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"The Prospector's" volumo of lyrics seeniB to me to tnko its place among
the books to be reckoned with, by any person who realises what Ib going on in the
Canadian literary world. To sny that he Ib an excellent story-toller Is higher praise
thaa It would have been Wore the war, when literature was suffering from thu
effects of an epoch of self-contempt, and Stevenson and Wolls lnu! persuaded us
that a strango setting and distant epochs were essential to a readable story or to a
convincing lyric.
AUBREY ST. .TOHN-M1LDMAY, M. A.,   (Oxford)
The Home Doctor Book—A functional review of the human body, its
care and treatment of disease. By E. L. Hodges. A treatise on
the higher massage; 405 pages, with illustrations, bound in full
cloth covers.   Price $5,00
Industrial Peace Found Practical—A presentation by the Society of
Friends.   Price 10c
Aunt Emmy Wants to Know—Who Is a Bolshevist and why 5c
Peace and What Then?—By the Countess of Warwick   lOo
Inter-A Hied Labor War Alms—Full text of memoranda adopted by
tho Allied Labor and Socialist Conference in London, February
14th, 1A15  _ 10c
"Why Uie British Labor Party Left Coalition"—(Labor stands out of
the Capitalist Coalition und for a Workers' International) 15c
Labor and thc New Social Order—A report on reconstruction hy tho
sub-committco or the British Labor Party..,. 15c
"Thc Only Way"—A poem of peaco,.  By W. E. Poirce 10c
Com munis ni and Capitalism, by N. Bucharln (Moscow). A review of
capitalism and the causes of its collapse, togethor with a draft
programme of the Communist International. In view of the present industrial condition this pamphlet is of absorbing intereat,
P/ice  :  15c
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expres'
sed ts accepted by the management]
Information Want cil
Editor B. C. Foderationist—Sir:
WI11 you publish the following: We
are informed by the capitalist press of
this Province and the State of Washington, that the International Union
of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers,
have been successful in negotiating a
bonus of 50c per day for the Slocan
miners, with the mine operators of the
Slocan, namely, Clarence Cunningham, Rosebery-Surprise and the Ram
Everybody in the Slocan knows full
well this to be a false statement. But
for the benefit of the workers outside
of the Slocan, we are forced to reply
to this. In the first place, Clarence
Cunningham and the Rosebery-Sur-
prlse only employ about thirty men altogether, and nigst of theee men are
members of the One Big Union. The
Rambler-Cariboo Is closed down—not
man working for that company.
The fact of the matter is that the
One Big Union ls the only union in the
locan, and the One Big Union put in
the demand for an increase of BOc per
day for all working in and around the
mines, and not bonus as the public
press would have people believe, The
Silversmith Company was the first to
come through. The other operators
mentioned ln the press learned their
lesson in the 1920 strike, and they
came through, knowing full well that
the O. B, U. meant business.
Drawer "N," Sandon, B. C,
April 12th, 1923.
Boy Scout Movement
Editor B. C. Federationist — Sir:
"Bad Man" Powell—the promoter of
the movement to Instil prusslnn Idea--1
Into Innocent childhood—Is on his way
to Vancouver from Englund.
While addressing a meeting in Winnipeg on Immigration, he is reported
hy the local press as saying that England no longor desired to send her
scum to tho colonies, or words to that
effect. Now, it. would be Interesting
to know to whom he referred as "the
scum," and If his insulting remarks
ahout his countrymen included himself.    Yours truly,
Trotsky Outlines a Policy
for Future
Seafarers Have a Kick
Editor B. C. Federatlonist — Sir:
Many members of the Federated
Seafarers Union of B. O. have been
approached hy onc of Andrew Furuseth'-. disciples from the United States
to leave tho Federated Seafarers
Union of B. C. and throw In thoir lot
with the Vancouver branch of the International Seamen's Union of America.
Readers of The Federationist will
surely remember reading In The Federationist of lhe visit of the president
of tho International Seamen's Union
of Amorica to Vancouver last fall,
whon that worthy pent (Andy Furuseth) lectured to the seamen of this
port, regarding his sojourn through
Europe, and his very bitter complaints
of the disruptive tactics of thc I. W.
W. towards the International Seamen's
Union of America, and when he was
asked a question by onc of thc Urn
fnrer's present, regarding the troth
of his siatemcnts, which he had contradicted himself In hia lecture (not
knowingly), he replied: You aro an T
W. W.
Now, the International arc doing
their level best to disrupt the Federated  Seafarers Union of British  Co
While Army Is Reduced in
Numbers Workers Will
Be Trained
[By Anise, Federated Press]
Moscow, Feb. 23—In celebrating the
anniversary of five years of the Red
army, Trotsky yesterday outlined the
policy of thc army for the immediate
future, in preparation for that next
war, "which cannot but be forced
upon us," some time in the future, as
a result of the class conflict tn Europe.
"In the post," he says, "we were
able to beat back our enemies, due to
the zeal of the workers, due to heroic
sacrifices, due to Improvisation to meet
emergencies, due also to our great
numbers. We were successful, but at
what a cost? The gaps ln our knowledge and technique, our lack of material and organization were made up
by. the lives of our best workers and
peasants, willingly offered, but none
the less a loss not to be replaced for
our country and our revolution.
"Now, however, our army goes on
a different basis. It Is reduced from
sevoral million to six hundred thousand men, which in view of the extent
of our boundaries and the unfriendliness of many of our neighbors, ts not
an army at all, but only a framework.
We must use this group for intensive
training, and support It by an extensive militia system of armed workers
and peasants, who receive training
without leaving their homes,
'We must, therefore, adopt quite
different methods with the present
army, and not allow it to be used ror
all the purposes that have taken its
time in the past. In former years, we
used our army widely as a working
force, both for its own needs and the
needs of the towns and villages. l#i
1920 the whole army ln the Urals was
cutting nnd sawing wood, mining coal
and tilling the ground.
"They were at that time free from
the need of direct fighting, but we
were not yet able to disarm, as we expected complications, When the storm
broke from the west, (the Polish attack towards Kiev), we rapidly rewound the ball of yarn which had
been unwound, Into a skein of scattered workers, Into a compact military
ball again.
"Besides these periodic changes in
the work of our army since we had
several million men under arms, and
a very weak civil apparatus, the military forces were also used for keeping
order, gathering taxes, guarding
stores, and so forth.
"All this is now being stopped. We
have now a small number In the army,
and they are there for the purpose of
learning the art of war. To transfer
them to duties which can be performed by civilians, means to exchange a
good soldier for a 'poor and very expensive worker. It Is also disadvantageous to the population, for If we have
to tear even half a million citizens
from their homes for the purpose of
learning the military art, we should
make the time as short as possible for
them to learn to be unimpeachable
soldiers. Every furlough, every
transfer of detachments to civilian
work, keeps the soldier in the army
just that much longer; whereas, he
should be trained as rapidly as possible and sent home to his normal civilian duties. Every time a Red army
man does a job that can be assigned
to a civilian guard, it is a crime
against the army and the country.
"By understanding this, we shall be
able to raise the standard of work ln
our nrmy to a height unknown in the
past. This pre-supposes also a militia
system. At present we are carrying
out our first broad experiment of
building mtlitta groups In various
parts of the country. With further
development, thts should ln a few
years completely replace the present
form of the army, and open the prospect of an armed democracy of workers and peasants, real broad-shouldered fellows with a gun, of whom the
capitalist countries cannot even
"The militia method means dispersal of armed forces. But this involves,
for the national protection, tho presence of transport adequate to transfer
these millions with speed wherever
they may be needed; and an industry
adequate to supply thom with food,
clothing and arms. These are industrial questions. The defensive strength
of the country Is now being forged In
our Stnte Industries. Not morely tho
factories that mnke military supplies,
but all tho factories. Each pood of
coal mined, each pood of metal worked, Increases our power of defense,
and makes it moro possible to go over
to a dispersal of our armed forces out
into their home towns and villages,
where they may carry on their civil
occupations and live at home, even
while remaining In training."
Not only is the army's strength and
skill dependent on the general rise in
Industry and education; according to
Trotsky, but the army itself can help
In that rise. "To teach the army exactness, responsibility, orderliness,
zeal and attention to detail, means to
give Invaluable training to the general
economic life of our country and to
help Its genera] cultural rise."
There are not short slogans, Trotsky
Premier   of   AustraUa   Is
Brought  to  Time  by
Farmers' Party
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Melbourne, Australia*—The anti-Labor federal government, headed by W.
M. Hughes, has been forced to resign.
Hughes will be remembered as one of
the chief Allied statesmen who, during the war, urged the workers to
wage a "war fer a New World." He
represented Australia at the peace
conference, and twice tried to impose
conscription on the Australian people,
but was defeated by Labor.
Hughes' resignation was brought
about by the refusal of the Farmers'
Party to negotiate with the other anti-
Labor section tn the Federal House,
unless Hughes was thrown overboard.
The Farmers Party regarded Hughes
as an enemy to the welfare of the
Australian people. Hughes fought de-
speratelyto retain the prime ministership, hanging on like a limpet to a
rock to the bitter end. Finally he was
told that aif he did not resign his
position, hts own followers would depose him.
While the "brass check" pres3 eulogized Hughes as a "great statesman
and an "Imperialist of the flrst rank,"
and regretted his resignation, the Labor press hailed his enforced resignation with satisfaction. The Australian
Worker, speaking on behalf of the
Australian Labor Party, said:
"Hughes was a politician of deep
cunning, who bit the hand that fed
him; who was raised from obscurity
by the votes of honest Laborites, placed him in parliament, given positions
of trust and power, and who betrayed
them in the vilest possible manner;
w^o during the war raced up and
down the land like a political maniac
calling on other men to shed their
blood and taking flne care to save his
own political skin; who, on two occasions during the war, attempted to
shackle the manhood of Australia
with the chains of conscription, and
shanghai them out of the country to
fill graves on foreign battlefields—and
this, too, despite the most solemn
pledges to the Australian people and
their dependents and then smashed
them; who ran the country Into a war
indebtedness of hundreds of millions,
and thereby placed the chains of slavery on the necks of unborn generations; who jeopardized the safety of
Australia for all time by placing his
name to a treaty whtch makes for futuro wars Instead of peace—a dictator
utterly, devoid of political scruples.
Let us hope that Australia will never
know his like again,"
Hughes was a leader of the Labor
Party till 1916, when he renegaged and
Joined the Conservatives, and became
leader of the latter party.
The last Label Committee dance of
the season will be held tonight (Friday) in the Alexandra Pavilion, comer
of Honrby and Robson Streets. Oood
prizes for whist and a splendid orchestra. Prices of admission: Ladles,
25 cents; gents, 50 cents,
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
declares, which eould describe tho
preaent task of the army. Its task is
that of attention to numberless details in ono branch after another, in
order to strengthen organization and
training, "But the future will not al-
wuys consist of small deeds and routine details, or else we should come
to the conclusion that an army is an
ond in itself. This is not true; an
army is made for war; armed forces
are created in recognition of the deep
inevitability of war as long as there
exists class society.
"The presont epoch of unstable
balances, teaches us that the period
betweon two armed conflicts may bo
shorter than we would like to expect.
The next war, which may bo forced
upon us, which cannot but be forced
upon us, will bring with it brief formulas, because it will place ln the order
of the day great alms. If In general
war a continuation of politics, then for
us It Is a continuation of revolution,
hut in a complete armament of such
an organization and such a technique
as revolution has never before pos-
lumbia. But tho members of the
Federated Seafarers Union decline to
pay any attention to their gab, I may
mention that mnny of the members of
the International Seamen's Union th
Vnncouver that transferred to the Seafarers Union, are doing their bt*'t to
furthor thc cause of tho Federated
Seafarers Union, throughout British
The policy of tho Federated Seafarers Union has bcen such a success,
that it fs the Intention of the organization lo organize seafarers throughout thc Dominion of Canada, Instead
of confining their efforts to British
Columbia alone. Yours for organization.
The Federated Seafarers Union of B.C.
Drugless Healing
gTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Labor Representation
Committee Will Contest
(Continued from page 8)
T DON'T know of anything
■* better to say than that
wo give you faithful scientific SERVICE, and that we
Lownie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
the delegates to get the support of
their organizations, both by affiliation
and financially, to aid the South Vancouver campaign,
It was reported that the steel work
on the Woodwards job was unfair, and
the barbera reported that they were
seeking to renew their agreement, and
askod for the support of the union
men of the city.
Typos Wnnt Increase
Delegate Pettipiece reported that
the local Typos were seeking a new
ngreeemnt, and were after $7 per day
for a seven-hour day, and that it was
being taken up with the International
Arbitration Board. He also reported
that he had visited Vancouver Island,
and that the miners had applied for
affiliation for the time being, with District 18, and that a union had already
been formed. This latter report was
received with applause, Indicating
that the workers of Vancouver are
pleased to see some efforts being put
forward to organize the miners on
Vancouver Island.
The Painters reported good results
from an open meeting held recently,
while the Label Trades Committee
announced that the last dance of the
season would be held on Friday, the
Other matters discussed were the
sending of men from employment
bureaus to jobs at less than trado
union rates of wages, and the necessity of the payment of wages in cash.
The representatives of the Bricklayers reported lhat men had beon sent
to Anyox to work at 70 cents per hour,
while tho union rate was $1,00 % cents
per hour.
Secretnry Bengough urged all locals
to report to tho Labor bureaus all
cases of strikes and unfair conditions,
so that the officials could inform those
applying for work.
Delegate Rankin voiced a protest
against the Canadian government disposing qf the vessels operated by the
Canadian Government Merchant Marine. He moved that the council go
on record as deploring this step.
Secretary Bengough referred to an
article In The Federationist, in which
it had beon pointed out that the government was subsidizing steamship
companies that were operating in
competition with the government vessels. The motion was ndopted. The
council adjourned after tho notice of
motion to raise the per capita tax was
"A Good Pineo lo Eat"
Oor. Homer and Hastings J
Patronize Federationist advertlsij
and tell them why you do so.
The Oliver Roomi
Everything Modern
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Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, J
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-8 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        855 GranvUle Street']
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When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
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Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490


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