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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 9, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 32
(m VuooaTir\
OttF. H.00  I
$1.50 PER YEAR
Unlawful Assemblies, Riots
and the Penalties
for Same
A Difference Between 1912
and Recent Troubles
at Labor Temple
[By Jas. H. McVety]
In the winter of 1911, and the spring
of 1912, there wero a great many men
out of work in Vancouver. And in
order to have work opened up, a deputation of officers of the Labor movement went to the provincial government
and laid the situation before the ministers. On thoir return from Victoria, a
meeting was arranged to be held on the
Powell streot grounds on a Sunday afternoon, to report to the men, too numerous for any ordinary hall, and too
poor to hiro tho Horso Show building,
the result of the interview with the
government. And hero the municipal
authorities, iu tho person of ono JameB
Findlay, mayor, intervened.
Law Promptly Enforced
Findlay had decided that no moeting
was to bo held, and acting under instructions, the polico broko 'up tho
gathering, and arreBted twenty-flvo or
thirty workmen, who wore unfortunate
enough to fall into their hands. Bail
was refused, and various charges laid
againBt tho men until tho city prosecutor looked into the mutter, and decided
that Section 87, Chap. 14(1, being part
of tho Criminal Code of Canada, covered the situation ,nnd would make it
difficult for the men to escnpo. The
section followa:
"Unlawful Assembly and Biota"
"87. An unlawful assembly is an
aBBombly of three or moro persons who,
with intent to carry out any common
purpose, aBsemblo in saeh a manner or
so conduct theselves when assembled,
aa to cause persons in the neighborhood of such assembly to fear, on reasonable grounds, that the persons so
assembled will disturb the peace tumultously, or will by sueh assembly, needlessly and without any rcasonnbo occasion provoke other persons to disturb
the peaee tumultuously. •
(2) Persons unlawfully assembled
may become an unlawful assembly, if
they conduct themselveB with a com*
mon purpose in such a manner as would
have made their assembling unlawful if
they had uBscmblod in that manner for
that purpose."
Under the provisions of the forogo-
ing section, many of tho workmen who
took spoody trial before Judge Mclnnes
were sentenced to from two to five
months imprisonment, the only offence
being that thoy gathered together.
A Blot Defined
Section 88. "A riot is an unlawful
assembly which has begun to disturb
the peace tumultuously.'"
Section 91. "It is thc duty of every
sheriff, deputy sheriff, mayor or other
head officer, and justice, of any county,
city or town, who has notice that there
aro within his jurisdiction persons to
tho number of twelve or more unlawfully, riotously, ond tumultuously assembled together to tho disturbance of
the public peace, to resort to the place
where such unlawful, riotous and tumultuous assembly, and among the rioters,
fat os near to them ob he can safely come,
with a loud voice to command or causo
to bo comanded silence, and after that
oponly and with loud voice to mako or
' cause to be made a proclamation in
i these words or to the like effect."
'Our   Sovereign   Lord    the   King
• charges and commands all persons being assembled immediately to disperse
* and peaceably to depart to their habi-
|' tations or to their lawful business, -upon
. the pain of being guilty of an offenco
on conviction of which they mny be
(sontoncod to imprisonment for lifo. God
Save the King."
| No Undue Haste Shown on Friday Last
On Friday afternoon it appears, from
such evidence so fnr disclosed, that n
crowd of returned men from tho mill-
, tary hospitals, iu response to a statement that the Daughters of the Empire
required protection, wero induced to
como to town in automobiles, kindly
provided by various large employers of
tho city. They Anally arrived at tho
(Labor Temple, where spoccheB wero
mndo, resulting in a raid being mado on
tho building in which offices wore bro-
ter destroyed, und officers of the Labor
ter destroyed, an dofticers of tho Labor
movement and othors hunted like animals and assaulted. Not content with
this telephono messages woro sent to
!the families of the mon threatening to
burn their homes and other dire punish
A Riotous, Tumultuous Assembly
From thc section of the codo covering
riotB, it will be seen that the gathering qualified in every possible respect
required by tho law. Outside of the
'protection furnished by a few polico
officers, who did excellent work, and
showed great forbearance, no other
stop was taken by either the civic or
military authorities to disband tho mob.
Nearly all the mon were in uniform,
and thero wero sovernl commissioned
officers present, who might have easily
(handled the situation had they beon bo
iaclinod. And although fivo days havo
elapsed, no information is forthcoming
that the authorities have or intend to
tako any action agninst thoso rcspmi-
fsiblo, and those actually taking part in
the disturbance.
Here Are the Penalties
Section 90.   "All persons are guilty
of an indictable offence and liable to
'imprisonment for lifo who, boing riot-
oUBly and tumultuously assembled to-
f gother to the disturbance of the public
!l peace, unlawfully nnd with forco domol-
f ish or pull down, or begin to demolish
i or,$ull down any building, or any ma-
'■■ chinery, whother fixed or movable, or
(Continued on page 5)
Events of gra ^ nd startling significance havo <!^<;-*ed in this city
during the past
Law and ordei^':ve been thrown
to the winds; an(™ . has ran riot;
mob rule and violence has boen the
order of the day.
The rights of law-abiding citizens
havo been trampled under foot by the
mob; individuals havo been assaulted
while peaoefully pursuing their lawful
nvocations; the lives and liberty of
citizens bave been threatened, while
the duly constituted authorities have
either looked complacently on with
evident satisfaction, or have openly incited the irresponsible mob to its
vicious work.
All tho baneful and sinister interests in ,the community have aided and
abetted the abrogation of all respect
for the civil law and the rights of
citizens under it, and every agency at
their disposal has zealously end no
doubt profitably encouraged the mob to
work its purpose.
Members of the Manufacturers' Association, and kindred souls, tho Daughters of tho Empire, the Ministers of
the Gospel, the City Fathers, and every
daily paper in tho city, fairly outdid
each other in the work of destroying
all respect for "law and order."
The Trades and Labor Couneil of
this city is a duly incorporated body.
It hns a legal existence by virtue of authority of the provincial government.
It is tho central body through which
tho various trado unions of the city
conduct their common affairs. The
couneil has always tnken an active and
intelligent interest in nil civic matters, whether they appertained directly to labor affairs or not. During the
last ten years thc city of Vancouvor
has fallen victim to mob rule npon
threo occasions. Tho first was the dis-
graceful raiding and rioting in Chinatown, incited by certain business intorests that wero ovidontly adversely
affected1 by Chinese competition. The
second was when the city administration ran riot in dealing with the unemployed workmen who gathered at
tho Powell Street gronndB to give voice
to the misery that had come upon them
owing to lack of work. The third wob
the outbreak of last weok, whieh wns
incited by tho sinister influences already referred to.
During all of thiB time, and during
the years that preceded these occurrences, neithor the Trades and Labor
Council or any union afflliated therewith, has ever been guilty of an unlawful act. The labor organizations
have nevor interfered with the orderly
processes of tho civil law. They have
never evon as much aB attempted to
interfere with the leml rights of
others. The entiro trade union move
ment always insists on a strict observance of tho Inw as it exists nnd the
adoption of legal and proper means to
mako snch changes in the law as may
from timo to timo bo required.
Last Friday the premises of the
Trades and Labor Council were invaded by nn unlawful mob, its secretary assaulted and manhandled, and its
books and archives thrown into the
street and destroyed. Thc Hvcb of
various union officials were threatened
and other nets of mob bravado and
violenco indulgod in. Other union
premises in tho oity woro invaded on
Saturday and every effort was put
forth for the evident purposo of
affording an oxease to cause thc
streets to run with the blood
of slaughtered workers, ns has
bo often hnpponed in history. And all
of this mob bravado, all of this heaping
of taunts and epithets upon tho workors by tho mob, availed nothing to the
miserable conspiratorB who skulked behind tho skirts of tho mob and egged it
on, for tho trndo unionists kept thoir
hoods; they did not striko bnck. Thoy
loft all violence and repudiation of
Inw and order to the "law and order"
crowd itself. The workers themselves
observed the law and kopt it intact,
while the forces of "law nnd order"
flouted it, broko it nnd destroyed it.
The immediate evont that cnlled
forth this disgraceful exhibition, or at
loust afforded tho opportunity to pull it
off, was tho official calling of tho members of tho various trado unions to lay
off from work for ono day in commemoration of tho fjncrnl of Albert
Goodwin, nt onc time n vice-president
of tho B. C. Fedoration of Labor, who
was recently shot by n Dominion police
officer, nllegedly for attempting to
evndo tho draft for military service.
Whether the calling of such a lay-off
wus or wub not ill-advUod, hns nothing to do with the ense. Tho puint is
that u mob wus conjured forth nnd incited to violence and disorder, nnd
oven to the point of murder, against
that pnrt of the population of Vancouver Ihut has not only never indulged
iu uny unlawful conduct, but upon the
contrary hus at all timcB been tho vory
shield und buckler of the law itsolf.
And thut violation of u law; that impudent repudiation of thc law, was instigated, incited and mnde possiblo by
the self-touted forces of "law nnd order;" tho high pricstB of the Manufacturers1 Association, thc Board of
Trade, und their politicnl ngents, de*
fenders and valete de chnmbro.
It has been suggested to thc Trndes
nnd Labor Council, thut this mob phantasmagoria may be exorcised by the
labor mon agreeing to tho deportation
of certain members of their orgnnizn-
tionB who happou to be persona non
grata to tho offended employing mng*
nates of tho city. Tho deportation of
nny British subject can only bo effected by mob Inw. Thoro is no other way.
This Council will not cngngo in nny
such unlawful procedure. To agree to
do so would bc to sink to the level
of the mob that stoned the Nuznreno,
or its prototype of recent ill-fnmc in
this city. As grent ns thc contempt
of thiB council mny bo for the individuals of the Board of Trade nnd
Manufacturers' Associntion wbo have
beon personally active in tho execrable
business of mob-inoitors nnd ciyic
nuisances, tho Council will still insist
that ovon theBe meddlcBome nnd dangerous persons shall not be driven out
of town, and thnt for two reasons:
First, such a procedure wonld be illegal
nnd therefore u deninl nnd repudiation
of law, and secondly, it would be an
impudent and nnneighborly act to inflict such objectionable charatera upon
any other community.
Come what may the organized workers will reBpect the law no mattor
what the party of "law and order"
may do. We refuse to sink to the level
of the mob, that concrete expression
of cowardice en masse. If reason and
intelligence eannot solve the vexatious
problems that confront human society,
it is morally eortain that thoy cannot
be solvod by the violence of a passion-
incited mob.
Let every one keep a cool head and
a quiet tongue during these days when
men have lost their perspective. He
who keeps his head now will have it
whon tho storm is over and the harvest
is ripe. He who' loses it now will not
be in nt the renping. And at the best
the reapers will be none too plentiful.
Preliminary Hearing in Victoria on Wednesday—Decision Made Thursday
The preliminary hearing of the
charge of "manslaughter" laid against
Provincial Police Constablo Dan Campbell was completed in Vietoria on Wednesday before Justices of the Peace
W. W. Northcot and Dr. Lewis Hnll.
They did not, however, render their
decision until Thursday morning, the
decision being that Campbell be committed for trial at the Fall Assizes in
Campbell did not offer any evidence
in dof jnce, reserving it until the trial
in the assize court
Bail of 1)5,000 was accepted by Justice Morrison,
Boilermakers Will Not Be
Intimidated by Manufacturers' Association
Do Not Want Outside Advice on How Its Membership Shall Act
The Boilermakers and Iron Shipbuilders aud Helpers Union, with a
membership of close to fifteen hundred
in the city of Vancouvor, took a atand
at its regular meeting laBt Monday
to the effoct that it was quite capable
of looking after its own affairs and
did not want any labor employers
butting in and telling them what they
should and should not do. The membership is firmly, convinced that the
venomous attitudo and tactics of a few
labor union haters was tho cause of
the action of the returned soldiers last
Friday and Saturday.
Tho following resolution was moved
and unanimously endorsed:
1' That in the opinion of the membership of this organization we have tho
ability and wisdom to conduct our own
affairs, and should any mistake in
policy be committed by our officers in
- -o execution of their functions, we
believe that we are capable and broad-
minded onough to tako measures that
may in our opinion seem necesBary,
without the outside advico, threats, or
intimidations from the Manufacturers'
Association, Board ot Trade, or any
other outside body.
Moved that copies of above be
sont to M. T. G. and tho Trades and
Laeor Council."
About four hundred members were
present at the meeting and not a single
member voted against the resolution.
The local initiated 249 members during
the month of July.
Returned Soldier Organizations Do Not
Endorse Mob Spirit, Beys
Returned Soldier
A returned soldier was given the
floor at a big meeting of the Metal
Trades Council on Wednesday evening
in the Labor Temple. He informed
the delegates present that tho Great
War Veterans Association did not endorse the action of tho returned soldiers in creating a riot last Friday and
Saturday. He ulso informed the council that from what he know of the
othor returned men's organizations
that thoy wore opposed to the aetion
also. Private Deveroaux, the man who
has been acting as leader of the mob,
is not a member of any of tbe Vancouvor branches and his actions are
vigorously condemned on all sides. It
is alleged that he has been aent hore
for thc purpose of creating troublo
among union men. His activities
would certainly lead one to believe
that such is the case. He is hob
nobbing with tho plutocrats who aro
back of the troublo and he appears to
bo a typo of man who could be 'used
for such purposes. The resolution
drawn up and endorsed by the Boilermakers and Helpera Union—tho largest
union in the city—wbb endorsed by the
Motal Trades Council,
Hotel Vancouver Management Has Granted Better Working Conditions
The Hotel Vnncouver chambermaids
aro back on the job nguin after ono
week of struggle. Although not getting all that Ihey went out far thc
women have been granted conditions
whieh will bo quito an improvement
ovor tbo old. Instead of working from
12 to 15 hours u day they will now
only work eight. The hash that ,was
served up to these chambormaidB in tho
form of food is to be cut out and thoy
will henceforth get food that is fit for
human consumption aud moro palatable. Tho wages have been increased
from $10.50 per month to $22,50 per
month and although the increase is
not what it ought to be, still, taking
into consideration the better working
conditions, it is considered a big victory for the women. Organizor Miss
Outteridgo and Dan MeCullum workod
hard for the chambermaids and aro due
great credit for what has boon accomplished, Tho Hotel and Kcstaurant
Employees Union has boon benefitted
by the victory.
"They give us work" is an expression often 'used by those whoso
onc ambition in lifo is to "work." And
tho onu ambition of those who "give
ub work" is to get the other fellow to
do it all.   Cut it out.
How many of you nre eating at the
Pioneer Cufo? It's on tho unfair list
becauso it employs women 10 hours a
dny, seven days a week at $10 por
week. Stay away from it and sec that
your friends stay away.
President Winch called the special
meeting of the council to order Thursday evening at 10 after 8. There was
a large attendance of delegates.
Secretary Midgley read a letter from
the Society of Friends urging a friendly attitude on the part of the returned soldiers and labor over the recent
Del. MeVety moved that the secretary be instructed to write thanking
the Society of Friends for their fair
and tolerant attitude expressed in
their letter.   The motion was adopted.
A communication waa received from
the Railway Mail Clerks protesting
againat the action of the council in
calling the 24-hour holiday, and which
stated that they had auspended their
delegates. The secretary was instructed to write the Mail Clerks pointing
out that courtesy demanded that letters
should first be given to the party intended for before being given to the
Funeral Attended by Citizens—Procession Over
Mile Long
On Friday last Albert Goodwin, who
was shot and killed in the Cumberland
district whilo evading the Military Service Act, was laid to rest in Cumberland.
Evory sceno of industrial activity
was closed down and the town took a
general holiday. The funeral was tho
most largely attended iu the history of
Cumberland, and the procession was
over a mile long.
Goodwin wee borne to rest by men
who had boen his friends for many
years, for '' Ginger'' had lived in Cumberland for a considerable timo prior to
his having to leave through being
blacklisted in consequence of his activities for the United Mine Workers, particularly during the Island strike.
On request of the chief of police
the Dominion polico were removed
from the district prior to the funeral,
that official stating that he would not
be responsible for the results unless
this was dono.
The solemn and impressive ceremony
was carried out under the direction of
the Cumberland local of tho S. P. of C,
the speakers being W. A. Pritchard,
W..Lefeuux and Joe Naylor.
The procession was headed by the
City Band nnd puradod through the
town before going to the cemetery
where Goodwin now rostfl, free from
those ills which lind in lifo .many timos
made his sojourn on this earth a burden.
The Boilermakers wrote stating that
thoy were capable of taking care of
their own affairs without the aid of
outside interference. ThiB wes received
with loud applause and filed.
A communication was received from
J. Naylor, Cumberland, giving a report
of his notions whilo acting for the
council, stating that there was no doubt
aa to a soft-nosed bullet being used and
the question as to how Goodwin wob
shot. He thought that Goodwin was
shot from the back. Another letter
stating that at a mass meeting in Cumberland a motion was passed stating
that they would work with Vancouver
Trades Council and that the meeting
had been turned into an organization
meeting for th© United Mino Workers,
and that 50 men joined the organization; also that another meeting would
be held this week.
Fred Knowles stated that he had refused to act on the citizens' committee,
and that ho would only act for labor
when requested.
Dol. MoVety stated that he had dono
exactly the same, and that a sub-committee had waited upon him asking
him to act, but he refused.
Wires were received from Fernie and
Sydney, Nova Scotia, asking for particulars re Goodwin's death; also aa
to statements in press that returned
aoldiers acted aB strikebreakers.
Preaident Winch, under reports of
! officers, stated that when last at the
council meeting he did not expect to
be branded with six other men ae being undesirables. However, he knew
of uo other meu that he would sooner
be associated with. He referred with
appreciation to Dels. Midgley and
Thomas. He then referred to the situation on Friday last and as to his.
actions at the meeting in tho Longshoremen's Hall, with tho mayor and
the committeo of the returned men, at
which they had stated that eortain
men should be removed from offico und
out of tho province. He stated that ho
asked if the seven men were proved
innocent of the charges of causing the
situation that thc bun would be lifted.
Ho stated no definite reply was given,
On a second occasion thoy wore ask-ed
a similar question to which he could
not got any definite answer. President
Winch then stated ho had given the
pledge to call a special meeting of the
council aad ho had fulfilled that pledge.
He Btated that the request to labor to
pat itB house in order wub a good one,
and he hoped that thoy would do so,
and that their motto should be "Tho
World for the Workors." Ho also
stated a mass meeting wus under discussion at which all tho men affected,
and tho public representatives, should
address Organized Labor, but this hud
not yet been brought about
Del. McVoty spoke on the rccommon
P. G. Shallcross, had incited to violence
and disorder, He referred to the editorial of the World, which stated that
the council had broken the law, but
refuted the statement in that paper,
and stated that mob violenco waB urged
bo that the military could be used
against organized labor.
He moved: That the matter be
tabled until the Board of Trade and
the B. C. Manufacturers' Association
had taken a referendum vote as to
whether they approved of the action
of its officers.
Del. Smith spoke against the amendment, stating that the council was opposed to outside interference, and that
council should not interfere in affairs of
others, but alao spoke againBt the recommendation of the executive, as the locals had already the power to unseat
their delegatos without any resignations if they ao desired. He stated he
did not blame the returned men, but
tho instigators of the whole proceedings—the men higher up.
Del. Welsh also opposed the recommendation of tho executive, ou similar
Del. Kavanagh stated that he had
mado the motion in tbe executive, but
now opposed it in the council on the
aame grounds as Del. Pritchard. He
exonerated tho returned men for the
riots, but blamed the trouble on Mr.
Bushby and Mr. Shullcross and men of
that type, who desired to hit at both
tho returned men and Organized Labor,
who were both growing a power in the
land. He alao Btated that when the
returned men had takon their place in
industry they would understand Organized Labor's attitude.
Miss Gutteridge favored the recommendation of the executive, and instanced the Garment Workers, who had
taken the holiday, and the actions now
being taken to intimidate them by the
employers, who had told them that
people were refusing to buy union
made overalls, and she stated that ub
it was only labor that wore these
things she could not lee how the demand had fallen off Bince last Friday.
Del. Davis pointed out that the holi-
Victor Midgley and Other
Labor Men Severely
Business Element Not Held
Blameless in Regrettable
On Friday last ,the holiday recommended by the Metal Tradea and
Tradea Councils waa taken by a large
number of tho trades unionists of Van-
couer. The Btreet .Railwayman toot
their cars to the barns after they had
finished their runs starting before noon,
the Boilermakers and many other
trades in the shipbuilding industries
also taking the holiday, as a protett
against the shooting of Albert Goodwin.
Press Acti-rittos
In the issue of the Sun for that day
an article appeared appeared on the
front page under ten eaption "German
or British." This article was of an in-
flamatory nature, calling into play all
the passions, and prejudices that ara ao*
often prevalent in war times, and no
doubt had something to do with the
subsequent happenings at the Labor
Later the World eame out with ft
similar article, and made wild and irresponsible statements as to the Trade*
and Labor Oounoil.
Blot Oomawnow
Somewhere around 3:30 o'clock, word
wns received at the Labor Temple that
about three hundred returned soldiers
were on their way to the temple, and
shortly after they arrived in motor
cars and on foot, addressee were given
by various speakers, all of an inflama-
tory nature, from one of the ears, and
crioB of "bring them ont," and threats
of violence were used by the mob;
Some* of our rentiers will insist ou
sending in tbeir change of address
without giving us tlieir old address.
Don't do it.
SUNDAY, Aug. 11—Musicians,
Sawyers and Filers, Canadian
Brotherhood of Railway Employees, Saw FilerB Association.
MONDAY, Aug. 12—Boilermakers, Steum Engineers, Electrical Workers, Patternmakers,
U. B. Carpenters No. 017,
Minimum Wnge League, Ironworkers, Amalgamated Engineers, Upholsterers, Bakery
Salesmen, Street Railwaymen's
TUESDAY, Aug. 13—PrcsBmcn,
Barbers, Amnlgnmntod Carpenters No. 777, Jewellery WorkerB.
WEDNESDAY. Aug. 14—Gas
Workors, Metal Trades Council, Stereotypers, Street Railwaymen, Boilormakors Executivo, Laundry Workora, Team-
sters and Chauffeurs,
THURSDAY, Aug. 15—City Hall
Staff, Maintenance of Wny-
mon. '
FRIDAY, Aug. Ifi—arnnito Cutters, Telephone Operators,
Railwny Cnrmen, Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgemen, Molders, Civio Employees, Warehousemen,
SATURDAY, Aug. 17—Blacksmiths, Bakors.
day was not to back up a draft evader, °r, ™ x. , -   . _ _
but to protest against the diwritaina-\,^I_T°JP"0*.? **,£* J^SL!!*
tion against a member of Organized *■ ^adflB 2?UMl1 a5d^he»U^r Trtllv
Labor who had been active in labor's W Co; ■ ""W. *nd *5ft the mob
interest entered  the  building; .windows were
Del. Reid etated that he was opposed I bJ°ken> M we» *■* *»»• Vict« ***;
to outside interference, and that he was I fl**' "^rotary and business agent of
of the opinion that the officers would *?e cen™ hoi7> .WM f°reed Jtewfr
bo re-elected. He was asked if he
spoke at the Kmpress Theatre. His reply was in the affirmative. He wm
then asked why he did not oppose it
at the last meeting. He itated in reply that he knew the sentiments of
the councU,and had since wished that
ho had had tne courage to oppose the
action of the council at the last meeting.
Socretary Midgley stated that ho
did not blame the returned men, but
tho men who had been tho real instigators of tho trouble, Mr. Bushby and
Mr. Shallcross, who had opposed Organized Labor, and recognizing its
growth had, while pretending for
months to be playing the game with
labor, yet at the samo timo waiting for
an opportunity to destroy it.
Ho stuted that Vancouver was tho
best organized town in the country,
and that with tho object of destroying
it had under the pretense that labor
wos supporting a draft evader, incited
to violence. He analyzed the names on
tho blacklist, which he stated must havo
been prepared by somo onc for the returned men, and showed that they were
nil officers of somo of the most powerful organ iisations.
Referring to J. Naylor, he stated
thnt he eould not seo why they had included him, us ho wus not a delegate
the window on to tbe eopinj
along the coping to the
dation of the executive committeo, and I to the council, neither did ho reside
stated that it was mado with tho view) on the mainland. He scored the press
of giving any organization that desired j for their tactics, which ho stated wore
the opportunity of expressing disap-1 an incitement to violence,
proval of the council's attitudo at the! Delegato Trotter asked to have his
last nieeting, and that ho could not boo j amendment withdrawn. This was not
nny more suitable way of finding out'granted, and the voting, which was by
if tho charges levellod at the council roll call vote, resulted in ti(J voting in
in tho press were correct or not, and
that it was not submitted because of
any threats that had been made by the
Board, of Trade or any other organization, and that ho could see no harm in
the question being submitted in the
manner suggested, and further urged
that the new election of delegates be
a real one, and tbat it would then
show labor's position.
Delegate Pritchard stated that »t
tho time the executive decided to muke
the Hjcommondaion, thut he had favored it, but that tlio circumstttneos hud
changed. He was still prepared to piny
tho game with ull thu cards on tho
table, but regretted that no assurance
could be obtained from the mayor that
favor of the executive report and 56
The executive then recommended
that tho socrotary send marked copies
of the Fedorationist to all oontrnl
bodies on tho coast and throughout
Canada.   This was adopted.
Delegate MeVety, seconded by Del.
Wolls, moved the following resolution:
'' Whereas, the Vancouver Trade."
nud Labor Council, at the request of
the Vancouver Bonrd of Trnde, up-
pointed representatives to act on a
joint committee for tin* purpose of considering questions of Interest to both
"And ivhoroaa, President Shallcross
and other membors of the Bonrd of
Trnde have mado statements tending
to inflame publlo opinion against this
council   and   to   provoke   disorder   and
mass meeting of citizens eould be
hold presided over by his worship,
whero thc people who had protested ut
action of the council could be heard, j oudapgor the public peace;
and the officers of organized labor who	
had been villi lied could at the same
time present their case, and under
these circumstances ho was now opposed to the proposal. Ho further
stated that the I. L, A. Auxiliary, of
which ho was a momber, hud expressed
their confidence in their delegates, and
thnt thoro were (100 members-present
at tho mooting at tho time.
Dol. McEuchren of the Boilermuk-t-i -
stated that their orgnnization had already  stated   thut  they  resented
And whereas, tho Vancouver
Trudes und Lubor Council, organized
since IHtiU, has never been a purty to
uny breach of the pence, either on the
part of its own members Or citizens generally, and ennnot afford to be associated with bodies assisting or condoning disorderly conduct or breaches of
the peace;
"Therefore be it resolved: That
this council withdraw its representatives  from   the  joint  committee  until
He went
iee of the
Labor Temple Co., and told the men
who had entered the office that he waa
willing to address the crowd. The mob
again attemtped to push him through
the window, but Miss Foxcroft, the
telephone exchange operator, who wae
bruised considerably io the process,
stood in front of the window and prevented this being done. He was then
taken down stairs, as he thought, to
address the crowd, but the men who had
taken bim down on tbat pretense, turned him over to thc crowd, who mnde
him kiss the Hag. He wos then surrounded by thc polico and taken upstairs, not, however, before he hod received u number of blows.
There is no doubt that if it had not
been for Miss Foxcroft's intervention,
he would hnvo been hurled from the
window, and thut tho police saved him
from treatment that would havo possibly resulted in serious bodily harm if
not death.
During the time tho nbove wns taking pluce, documents and books of the
Trades Council and the Lubor Temple
Company woro hurled through tho windows and trampled upou by the crowds
One of the papers thrown out was
the notice which culled tbe strike. It
was read by ono of the speakors, and
was greeted with "boos' 'and hisses.
The sergeant who rend it said it showed wro wub responsible for the strike,
the Metal Trades Council.
The yelling mob of soldiers about the
policemen wore demanding nil manner
of things, some of them npeparing anxious to have Midgloy strung up to a
pole. Others yelled for him to be given
n chance to speak, but the uproar was
too grent and none.paid any attention.
Then one of the soldiers, Sergt. J. C.
B. Goodrich, Into of the "th Battalion,
got lip in the motor cur and proposod
that two hours bo given to the men in
which to return to work. This wns
loudly applauded. Ho proposed thut in
the alternative, the returned soldiers
man the street ears. The suggestion
wus vociferously endorsed.
George Thomas, n member of thn
Longshoromons Union, und a delegate-]
to tlie TraileH Council, who mads U0»
hones about his sympathy with the holiday, wns thon seized upon and maltreated. He was struck in the focc,..
(biully boing-taken down tho alleyway
und beaten. Thomas put up a game
flght against overwhelming odds, but
wus made to kiss the (Ing, amidst yellsi
of "traitor," "Gorman," etc. Finally-
he wns rescued by the police, und tnken
out of danger.
During the disturbance In front of
the Labor Temple, calls were made for
J. H. MeVety, und threats were hurled
at him, und at the time the soldiers
broke into the Temple, he stood in the
hallway, but it was evident that he was
(Continued on Page 5)
side interference anu that he oppoaed Isadora who arc prepared to assist in j the leaders of the  organ!
tho recommendation. | preventing disorders and  breaches of had taken pnrt in thc holit
Del. Youngash stated that while he  tho peace.'
was not at tho last meeting of tho
council, he stated that tho council hnd
taken a stand and one that did not
conflict with lho laws, that this stand
had been met with disorder and violence,   and   the citizens   that   did   not,
Tho motion umended by the deletion
from and including the word until in
the last clause was udoptcd.
Secretary Midgley then reported on
his interview with Mr. Crothers, Minster of Labor, in company with Prcsi
like tho council's action hud protested dent Winch, in which ho informed the
in that way, but suggcBtcd 'that il was council thut Mr. Crothers had informed
a good way to find out tho feelings of thom that the government hud decided
Organized Labor in tho city, express- j to enforce tho Lemieux Act, and lining the opinion that the members of, prison oftieers of unions not taking the
Orgunized Labor would stand by its l opportunity provided by the net, before
representatives. J striking.    Ho also stated thut  he hud
Del. Trottor opposed the motion, and, told Mr. Crothers that the government
suggested that the matter bo laid on
tho table until tho B. C. Manufaeur-
crs' Association had decided if it up-
provod of the actions of its prosidont,
who had left town, and who, with Mr.
joint committee
such timo as he Board of Trade decs I which the question of imprisonment of
'stations that
day was discussed.
It was movod ami adopted that 5000
copies of tho Federationist with the nc-
count of the recent happenings be secured and  properly distribtued.
A motion to ruiso the salary of Secretnry Midgley and to grant him two
weeks holiday with puy, as a recognition of his services, nnd a slight recompense for his recent treatment, was
made und adopted.
A mot inn t hunk ing Miss Foxcroft
for her services in thc riot, when sho
so bravely prevented Secretary Midgley from being thrown through tho
window, und coupling MisB G\itteridge
for her services at tho time, was moved
und adopted.
The council then adjourned at 11
should seo that lho largo companies
thnt did not act in neocrdarico with the
act should be compelled to do so.
Del. McVety also reportod on an interview he hud with Mr. Crothers nt PAGE TWO
FRIDAY August 9, 1918
Maple Loaf Poaches, tin.. 20c
Quality Peara, largo size.. 26c
Fresh   Herring,   oitru   largo
size   l8c
Black's  Pork and Beans;  3
for •• 2Bc
Clark's  Tomato  Soup,  threo
for  35c
White Spring Salmon 16c
Bed Spring Salmon..... 20c
Worcestershire   Sauce,   threo
for  26c
B, C. Catsup, per bottle.... 26c
B. C. Chow Chow, bottle.. 80c
*  Fancy   Waffle   Table   Syrup,
for 46c
Laundry Soap—Same quality as Royal Crown Soap.
Special, 6 bars for. 26c
B. C. Naptha, 6 for. 25c
P. G. White Naptha, 2 for 16c
Fancy Creamery Butter —
Packed in sanitary tins.
Special, per tin 45c and 66c
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
Cut Loose From Old Parties
—Will Prepare for a
New World
Tremendous reductions in all lines of SUMMER APPAREL for MEN.
Investigate the great values we offer tomorrow.
In spite of tho frantic machinations
of tho old-lino parties, union labor in
Minnesota has decided to enter politics
side by side with tho organized farmer.
This important stop was taken at the
convention of the State Federation of
Labor at Virginia, Minn., July 15-17.
Inasmuch as the Farmers' Non-Partisan League cast 151,000 votes in the
recent primary election, the junction of
tho workora of tho cities and the country insures a majority for the candidates thoy will name for state offices
for the Novembor election.
For yenrs organized labor has boon
betrayed by false promises of politi.
nuns who wanted nothing split up. But
now action has been precipitated by
the tyrannical hand of Qovernor Burn-
quist haa held over the working people
through his so-called safety commission
and his refusal to abide by tho decisions of President Wilson's war Labor
Board in regard to a number of Labor
Beady for a New World
In setting forth its purpose to go
into state politics in Minnesota, the
stato convention declared that "it has
become imperative that the working
class exercises a measure of control in
government in proportion to its
portance in industry,'' and that it will
require a high degree of "intelligent
and vigilant activity exercised by
the workers in shaping and establishing
the new industrial conditions."
To Be Submitted to Local Unions Affiliated with Central Body
on Six-hour Day
We, the members of Local 617, of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners, prompted by the fact, that,
the end of tho presont international
war will bring about a general industrial, and soeial re-adjustment, and
thereby make it necessary for the organized labor movements to re-adjust
its standards, in order to maintain its
efficiency and purpose, as a medium
for securing for its rank and file as
large a portion as is possible of the
wealth they create, wo hereby submit
the following resolution for your de.
liberation and approval:
"Whereas, the ending of the world
war will mean that an industrial readjustment will bo necessary, because
of the millions of soldiers who will be
roleased from wnr duty, in addition to
hundreds of thousands of workers, who
will be thrown on the labor markot by
tao dismantling of the munition plants,
etc., thereforo bo it resolved that we,
the members of Loal 017, of United
Brotherhood of Carpentors and Joiners, in regular meeting assembled July
22, 1918, go on record us favoring the
six-hour working day, to be inaugurated throughout our jurisdiction, within sixty days of thc end of this world
"Be it further resolved that copies
of the foregoing resolution be forward,
od' to the Trades Congress of Canada,
the B. 0. Federation of Labor, tho
Trades and Labor Council, and affiliated unions, and the Returned Soldiers
Organization, for their support, with a
view to bringing about the abovo pro-
Win   Fourteen   Seats   and
Gain Tactical Position-
All Socialists
Tho Confederation Generate du Travail, the French general syndicalist or.
ganization of Labor, has endorsed tbe
war settlement programme of the British Labor Party.
"The Store That's Alwaya Busy"
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local 8647
A. 8. U. B. Ouponten
Working Shirts
Good assortment of WORKING SHIRTS, in black and dark
shades, up from $1,25
OVERALLS—Union Label, best quality, up from $2.25
Combination Overall Suits, Working Gloves, Etc.
MEN'S SUITS from $18 TO $45
"Not How Cheap But How Good."
TeL Sey. 8380 309 to 315 Huttings St. W.
Even the beauty of a race or family,
tho pleasantness of their whole demeanor, is acquired by effort; like
genius, it is tho final result of the accumulated labor of generations. There
must have been great sacrifices made to
good taate; for the sake of it, much
must have beea done, and much refrained from—tho seventeenth century in
France is worthy of admiration in both
ways; good taste must then have been
a principle of selection, for society,
place, dress, and sexual gratification;
beauty niust havo been preferred to
advantage, habit, opinion, indolence.
Supreme rule: we must not "lot ourselves go," even whon only in our own
presence. Good things are costly boyond measure, and the rule always
holds, that ho who possoses them is
other than he who acquires them. 'All
escellonco is inheritance; what has not
been inherited ib imperfect, it is a bo
ginning. At Athens in the time of
Cicero, who expresses his surprise with
regard to it, men and youths were far
superior to women in beauty; but what
labor and effort in the servico of beauty
had the Athenian males required of
themselves for ceuturioBl "Wo must upt
make a mistake here with regard to
method; the mere rearing of feelings
and thoughts is almost valuless (it is
here that G&rinnn culture, which is entirely illusory, makes its great mistake); we have first to persuade the
body. The strict maintenance of significant and select demeanor, an obligation to live only with those who do not
"let therasolvos go," suffices perfectly
for becoming significant and select; in
two or three generations everything has
becomo inwardised. It is decisive for
the fortuno of a people and of humanity, that civilization begins at th-e right
place—not at tho "soul" (ns was the
baneful superstition of priests and semi-
priests); tho right place is body, demeanor, regimen, physiology; tho rest
follows therefrom. It is on that account that the Greeks are the leading
event in the history of civilization;
thoy knew, thoy did what wbb necessary; Christianity, which despised the
body, has hitherto been the greatest
misfortune for the human rajse.
Summer Trolley Outings
Spend your holidays right here in Vancouver—the best summer resort of all.
Jericho Beach—The kiddies will enjoy a
picnic at this easily reached, clean, safe
beach.  Take Fourth Avenue cars.
Capilano and Lynn Valley — The north
shore is always attractive—always new.
An outing there will refresh you.
Observation Car—If you have an afternoon
or evening to spare, take a ride on this
car. It starts from Granville and Robson at 10 a.m., 2, 4 and 7:30 p.m.   Fare
*   25 cents.
For information, phone Seymour 5000
Dr. James, of New York, hns discovered, or thinks he has, that "the
militury uniform, which closely clothes
the soldier from chin to heels, is the
means of making our soldiers susceptible to colds and other respiratory
troubles." Now, pliiin common sense
should be quite capable of discerning
that clothing is not worn for purposes
of warmth, comfort nud health, at
least, not in the temperate or torrid
zone. It is worn, evidently, more for
purposes of display nnd discomfort and
in conformity to the requirements of
a ridiculous, though profitable, conventionality that has buon established in
the interest of trado and commerce,
tlmn for uny other reason. Incidentally, tho medical fraternity has reaped1
large rewards in tht, shape of shekels
gathered, in exchange for its pretended knowledge of how to exorcise the
ill effects arising from filthy living
mid filthy prnctices, not the lenst of
which is the smothering mid poisoning
of the luimim body by shutting it off
from the sunlight and nir nnd steep*
ing it In the filth and poison that nature attempts to excrete nnd expel
through the pores of the skin. Were
it not for the Why habit of wearing
clothing and living and sleeping
clone, stuffy, warm and ill-ventilated
quarters, the lusciously profitable old
swindle of the medical fraternity would
be unthinkable und impossible. But
for a doctor to admit even as little
as Dr, James has done, should call
down upon his devoted bond the aim-
themas of his colleagues in the noble
old swindle of exorcising filth diseases
by the* application of poison measured
out of a bottle by the hand of ignorance.
England averted the threatened
strike of 70,000 tramway and bus employoes by an increnso of $5 in tho
weekly wnge over tho figure thnt was
paid beforo the war.
There are now 5063 prisoners of war
in England working in agriculture and
MOO moro are to be employed.
It is proposod' to order women employed at the British ministry of munitions to wear khaki uniforms.
Tho first' news that comes ovor the
wires nfter the United StatOB took
coritrol of them is that members of tho
Commercial Telegraphers Union of
America are --still being discharged at
the Atlanta office of the Western Union
Telegraph Company. Afore serious still*
Postmaster General Burleson sends out
a general admonition that employees
nnd employers should get along together
better and promises no Immediate con.
sideration of the grievances of the discharged workers.
A despatch from Wellington, N. _.,
says that two publishers there wore
sentencod to eleven months at hard
labor on a charge of sedition in advertising an Irish republic. They wero
probably foolish enough to Buppose
that Ireland was entitled to a form of
governmont in accordance with thc
wishes of the majority of Irishmen.
Tho election in the state of Australia last month resulted in a signal victory for the Labor party, which, while
not able to obtain control of the government directly, polled a thousand
moro votes than all the other parties
combined and has manoeuvred into fl
tactical position whore it can precipi
tate a contest on tho principlo of pro.
portional representation (to which
H-.ir.-u of tho old partyites nro pledged
9i.'d others oro opposed* force u dissolution of the state legislature and an
otl or eleetion and stand overy chance
oi1 winning abai'iito and perhaps p-r-
nar.ent control.
Tho returns show that overy one
of the former Labor cabinet officers
(including Promier Crawford Vaughan, who was in this country a short
time ago) has been defoated, and but
7 of the 20 bolters were ablo to hold
their scats with tho old party aid at
that. The Labor Party 'a now representation increased from 4 to 18.
The South Australian result, follow.
ing thc state victory in Queensland
and important by-election gains in Now
South Wales and Victoria, haB created
consternation in the ranks of all fac-
tionalistB opposed to the Labor Party,
and it is generally admitted that it is
merely a matter of time when the whole
country- will again come under tho domination of tho workerB* party, which
will be ore virile and radical than ever.
Not only ia the moral victory clinched in South Australia by the clean margin of a thousand votes secured by the
Labor Party, but by tho refusal of the
fusion governmont to permit the soldiers who aro fighting in Europe to
vote because it was known that the
majority of them are Labor Party men,
and by the further refusal of the fusion
governmont to arrange a now registration list, the one UBed having beon prepared two years ago, and hence hundreds of workers who had ttioved from
one district to another during tho period were disfranchised. — Winnipeg
Seattle's Labor Daily
Financed exclusively by members of
organized labor, another daily newspaper, known as the Seattle Union Becord, has entered the newspaper field
in Seattle. With th*o appearance of the
Becord, the Seattlo Daily Call, a radical socialist publication, which was
threatened with suppression by the government authorities, vanished. Tbe Becord, which is now eight pages in size,
carrying the full leased wire service of
the United Pross, announced in its first
issuo that it will confine itB propaganda
to tho editorial page. At the end of the
first week the paper claimed a daily
circulation of 30,000. E. B. Ault, a
member of Seattlo Typographical Union
No. 202, is editor and manager of the
paper. Floyd C. Kaylor, formerly on
tho Poat-Intelligencer staff, is managing editor.
Mrs. Drummond, in offoring the postmaster the use of the members of tho
order of which she is the municipal regent, seeks to defeat the objects of the
unjustly treated postal employees. In
explaining her attitudo, sho writes that
the members of the I. 0. D. E. " do not
enter into the arguments of the strike,
but as loyal women, desire to help thc
public through an inconvenient period." Mrs. Drummond knows little,
and seemingly euros less, about the
seamy side of social life. Her days arc
spent where dainty china tinkles to the
touch of silver spoons, and where light
chatter froths through rooms of monied
harmony. When ennui casts its blue*
grey pall upon her shoulders, she has
her "order" with which to while the
tedius time away. She docs not have
to watch some lovely child of hers fight
gallantly for health and strength, lacking the paltry sum wherewith the
Beaper may bo bribed away. She has
no interest in a littlo working home on
which instalments must bc regularly
met. Sho docs not know, nor could she
understand, tho bitter daily stab of
life's injustice. She is not forced to
take grim Hunger na her frequent
guest. Sho has food, clothes and slid
ter of the bost, and sho knows well how
good it is to be so circumstanced, yet
sho must fight that her less lucky sisters nevor even know tho satisfaction
of being sure of the baro necessaries
of life. A woman without a woman's
tender heart, sho would snatch justico
from the strikers, and their wives and
children "to help tho public through
an inconvenient period." And, too, in
spite of the acknowledged rightfulness
of that for which tho postmen flght.
Daughtors of the Empire! Thoy seem,
indeed, fair types of cruel days now almost gone—truo daughtors of tho sordid men who mounted to thoir lofty
places upon the groaning bodies of
their wronged and shattered fellows. ■
* *   *
Official statements received at Amsterdam from Berlin blaBt tho fond
hopes we had that Hindenburg had
cleansed the earth of his foul presence
by dying of an apoplectic fit. It seems
his hoalth is excellent. Wo con but
hope for better luck nest time ho is
reported dead,
* #   #
The provincial government of New
Brunswick hns served a demand on ex-
Premier J. K. Fleming for tho return
of *100,000, on W, B. Tennant for the
return of $i:i:S,000, and on Thomas'Na*
gle for the return of $20,000, "amounts
of public money alleged to have been
received by them in connection with
the Valloy Railway contrnct." There
is quite n different legal procedure
where the hief is a workingman. He
gets no invitation to return what he
has stolen, on the understanding that
if he does ho bygnnos will be considered bygones, llo is a common fellow
and, therefore, needs stem punishment.
So he is clapped in jail.    Such is the
»   *   •
There is significance in Doherty's
f jtile threat to deal with striking postmen "as individuals." If ho could have
done so, he would certainly have punished thom whore now ho must grant
them justice. It should show us clearly
what Ottawa's attitude is to labor. The
government does not believo in voluntarily playing fair. If tho post ofllce
men hnd not been organised, thoy could
not have hoped for a redress of their
grievances. That is ns evident as the
sun in a clear noon.sky. Wo Bhould let
the fact sink right in to our minds.
We must organize and organize and organize. Evory worker in Canada-
man and woman—must be an affiliated
union momber, otherwise there is no
hopo of justice. Ottawa, through Do-
horty, has proclaimed an attitudo of
open hostility to unionism. The gaunt-
lot has been thrown at our feet. Let
us, in all soriousness, accept the gage
of battlo for thc next election. Canada
needs a Lubor government—let's put
onc in. And until we hnve achieved
that end, let neither Ottnwa nor any
employer be in a position to deal with
any of us "as individuals."
* *   t
There is one good thing about tho
pnstnl strike, anyway. Tho Eastern
mail-order houses will lose some thousands of dollars of the business they
steal from Vancouver, nnd Flavelle,
who holds a controlling interest in tho
Land Upon Which Soldiers
Could Settle Held by
Idle Land Could Easily Be
Conscripted for Benefit
of Soldiers
It is estimated that there aro ap.
proximately 30,000,000 acres of good
farming land absolutely idle in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, in the
districts served by the railways. This
iB the land upon which soldiers should
be settled and' upon which incoming
settlers should bo placod until it is all
in use. The majority of people seem to
agreo upon this goneral principle, that
the idle land along the railways held by
speculators should be the first land put
to use. How to get hold of it, though)
is a problem nobody seems ablo to
This land is a national asset, and
should be cultivated for the benefit of
mankind. A comparatively few men
and corporations havo hogged it. They
are not using it themselves, and will
not allow anybody else to ubo it until
they have paid the price, and tho price
will be a good stiff one. Whon tho
governmont of Canada needed men for
the army, it conscripted them. Tho
government selected the finest class of
men in Canada, singled thom out from
all other men and put them into tho
army to fight for the nation. By the
same method this idlo land could be
brought into use. Let tho government
onscript it at a prico about one-half its
value for productivo purposes. The
baro suggestion of such a scheme will
raiso on awful roar all over the country. People will say that property is
no longer safe. But it is as true with
the lives and liberty of our young men
of military age. Is it any worse to
mako life and liberty unsafe! Theso
young men were conscripted and forced
to accept less than half their earning
capacity in civil lifo. Why should tho
government: not tnko over the idle land
nt one-half its valuof It would bo drastic action, but tho land problem in
Western Cnnada will never bc settled
without drastic action. Somebody iB
bound to bo hurt beforo our land prob.
lem is solved. In fact somebody gots
hurt every timo there is an economic
readjustment.—Grain Grower's Guido.
Maybe these land hogs would prefor
to wait for a revolutionary movemont
to come along and confiscate tho whole
of it for the bonefit of those who will
put it to good ubo.
Thc annual meeting of the shareholders of tho Hudson's Bay Co. will be
held this month in London. The exact
date is not fixed. In 1917 the compnny
paid dividends nt thc rate of-30 por
cent, per annum. In the past ton years
the average dividend has been 23%
per cent, pen annum. Tho common
stock is £1,000,000, and' there haB been
paid out in dividends in the ten years
on the common stock more than $12,
Butchers and Meat Cutters,
The Amalgamated Meat Cutters and
Butcher Workmen held their regular
meeting on Tuesday evening, when
ten new members were admitted.
Much enthusiasm was shown, and a
great deal of business disposed of.
Robert Simpson Company, will thoreby
be prevented from sweating quite as
much from his ill-paid employees os he
hnd hoped to.
- CAFE -
under new management
166 Hutugs Stntt Wert
Phone Bot. WW
Ballard's Furniture Store
Cull and tee our Urge stook of now
and used furniture.    Prices to suit sll.
Tour telephone Is better thsn postal
facilities, because it brings your answer
without a moment's delay. While to
telephone is to talk to the party wanted,
it is even better than a faco*to*face conversation becauso you havo not to go to
the person to whom you wish to talk.
You simply walk to your telephone, and
Central does tho rest.
Day and night it is available—far or
near tho party wanted may bo, It is all
the samo to the telephone.
B. 0, Telephone Company, Ltd.
Sight for
Sore Eyes
<g Eyes that aro stinging and
sore — often bloodshot — are
most likely malformed. The
stinging is from straining.
The muscles and nerves and
blood vessels are all doing
their best to make the Bight
aa near perfect as they can.
* *        *
_ Poor sight is obviously caused
by defective eyes, but often
the sight is apparently not impaired, while the result of defective eyes is felt in pains
over the eyes and in the other
nerve centres of the body.
* *       ♦
q But perfect sight for defective eyea is easily secured.
Lenses or glasses ground to
remedy the defect—tho extent
of which is revealed by optometries! examination — will
not only take away all soreness from tho oyes, but will
remove the danger of nervous
* *      *
<| I offer you an optical service
second to none on the American continont. Won't you
avail yourself of itf
Seymour 1993
Oranvllle Optical Oo.
Below Drysdale's
Hen's Hatters and Outfitters
SSO QrenrlHo Stmt
tie Haattaf. Stmt Wart
Should be in the home ot
•very man-
—Pbone Fairmont 2624—
3. Parliament O. Tureatt
Pocket Billiard
—iwnva aaw tabus—
(Biuawiek-Balks Oollender Oo.)
—Haadguarters let Union Uaa—
Union-Hade   Tobaccos,   Cigars   ud
Only mat Half Baplejed
42 Hastings St. East
A Good
Waist Shop
New Ones
Coming In
The early autumn styles
are particularly pleasant.
They are not loud nor do
they depend upon absurdity
to give them their distinction. Bather the opposite,
simplicity and graceful lines
in harmony with the materials from which they are
made give style and newness.
Crepes de Chine, Georgettes and Habutais from
$3.25 up to $14.
Saba Bros.
The Silk Specialists
for jrou to brln( your Market
Basket to
S. T. Wallace's
tton to pay more for these groceries
st ft store wliere they iwpit%in ao expensive delivery system.
E.-Z. Seal Atlas Jars; qts., doa...fl.25
Atlas  Mason Jars;   qts.,   dos $1,20
Ideal Silver Cream; large bottle; reg.
26c.    Special    16c
"Wonderahino"     Stiver    and    Gold
Polish;   regular   25c.   Pkg 16c
"Silica"   Soap Polish.    Special....l6c
"Pyn-Ka" Polishing Tablet  100
Packard's Combination  Shoe Polish;
reg.   25c,'for „„ ™.16C
Witch Soot Destroyer. Special, ea. 10c
Clark's Pork and Bean«....S for 26c
Finest Presh and Cooked Meats at
Marketeria Pricei
Mail Orden Promptly Attended to
Nearly Opposite Woodward's
Sey. 784 anil 1266
Canada rood Board Idoeue Ve. I-H5S
Tho two words aro synonymous.
Sinco Vancouver's early days,
Flett's Hardware Store has al*
ways boen recognized as HEADQUARTERS for MECHANICS'
This is the TOOL SHOP FOR
We know good tools and thoy
are thc only kind we stock.
J. A. Rett, Ltd.
41 Hutlngi Itmt WW
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Prmtsri to flu FadaratlooUt
lte ladmtlaalst la pndisad 1Mb
ttt ■ilium aawipapsr printing plant. OmOIAL   PAPBB   VAXOOUVBB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 32
Honest Dentistry
Dentistry that conforms to your idea of what dental
work should bet—executed by highly qualified and
conscientious men under my own supervision—the
materials the finest that money ean buy—the work
guaranteed by me for 10 years. In short, dentistry
as prescribed by the highest dental ai^thorities—and
at prices you can afford to pay.
Bead the interesting little History of Dentistry appearing day
.after day in toy space on tbe
baok page of tbe Province,
I Bhall be pleased to ex-
amine your month and
tell yon what is required and wbat it will cost
Fine Dentistry
Specials for Friday and Saturday
Penslar Dynamic Tonic  7-5
Penslar  Dynamic  Tonic   $1.60
Penilar   Almond   and   Cucumber
Cream  26 tnd   .60
Ponalar Syrup ot Hypopfcosphttei 1.00
Penslar  Liver   Saline    35
Penslar  Liver   Saline   60
PenBlar Hair Tonic 50
Penslar Hair Tonic  1.00
PonBlar Vanishing Cream  35
Genuine Imported French Olive OU
Good oil Ib getting scarce. We bave
the Virgin brand.
BottleB  40c, 75c,  $1.26
Tins, I-quart $2.26, 2-quart $4.60,
1-gallon   L y  $9.00
$1.00 Reld's    Syrup   Hypophos-
phites 76
.50 Reld's Pile  Ointment .     .86
.25 Reid's Witch Hazel Cream    .20
.35 Reld's  Face Cream 30
.25 Reid's Cascara Tablets 20
.60 Reld's  Fruit  Saline  45
1.00 Reid's    Preparation    Cod
Liver Oil  90
.50 Reid Syrup of Figs  46
1.00 Rold'B Iron & Nux Vomica Tablets   _    .76
.50 Reid's    Syrup   of    Whito
Pine and Tar 40
Overseas Boxes for Sending Parcels
Strong, durable, light—two sizes
20c and 26c   .
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1965 and 1968
7 Hastings Street West
782 Granville Street
2714 Granville Street
412 Main Street
1700 Commercial Drive
Seymour 3532
Sermonr 7013
Bey. 2314 and 1744-0
Seymonr 2032
High. 235 and 1733-0
Dealer.   In   Mew   ud   Second-bend
Large aeiortment  of Men's  Second*
bind Clothing,  good .. new.
Business Agent Shipwrights and Caulkers, Vancouver,
Pnone Sermonr 7180
third noor. World Building
—The only Union Shop in VineooTer*—
Every man who buys Ms shoes at this storo is
sure of getting the BEST SHOES MADE at
the price he cares to pay. It makes no difference what your usual shoe price may be, you'll
find all tho Better Styles and Better Values
,, Right Here.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Fresh Out Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental tnd Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulks, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988472 — 728 GranvUle Street, Sly. 9518
The Store for the Workman's Apparel
We carry Peter's "Brotherhood" Overalls and
there is none better.
We were fortunate in buying a large stock of
Working Gloves which we are offering 20 per cent,
less than their present value.
We are selling Suspenders at less than present
wholesale prices.
We are clearing up the balance of our Sport
Shirts at $1.00.
We have a few dozen Men's Cotton Sox which
we are clearing out at 8 pairs for $1.00.
Don's overlook these goods for they are all real
117 Hastings Street East
We have all heard of such financial
and commercial exploits as "stealing
pennies from a blind man's hat," or
"taking milk from blind kittens," but
some of the latest devices for pulling tho
leg of posterity are oven meaner and
safer methods of acquiring loot than
either of the above operations.
In high financial circles just now the
great Money Kings talk of thousand's
of millions of interest-bearing bonds as
if finance woro a game of marbles.
slogan of the new financial creed, and
apparently nothing short of an absolute world famine in paper and printing ink is going to stop the issue of
bonds in billions—all payable by posterity.
Of .course ei&ery campaign for profit
must havo somo kind of a semblance
of morality behind it. This is an
axiom thoroughly recogniaed in the
very bost financial circles. Tho moral
tone is supplied in this case by the
pious statement that the capitalist of
today is generously htfnding out his accumulated savings in a great patriotic
effort to secure a glorioaa democratic
future for posterity.
Posterity, it is understood, will
cheerfully reciprocate by shouldering
the burden of countless millions of annual interest.
If it were true that the Money
Lords of today were subscribing for
war bonds out of their past accumulated savings, somo very Btrangs things
wo uld havo happened before now.
Amongst*other rather remarkable incidents THERE WOULD NOT BE A
in any bank in any belligerent nation.
This seems a strong stutement, but its
truth cannot be denied.
Citizens in civilized communities do
not keep their savings in stockings in
the corner cupboard, or in jam tins under the family hearthstone, as people
did once, in more simple days.
The actual amount of accumulated
savings can be accurately estimated at
any timo by merely compiling a list of
the total deposit in thc banks of that
If war bonds had' been purchased out
of past savings, there obviously would
not be, and could not be, any bank deposits left anywhere.
The surprising thing is this, that instead of a total vacuum in bank deposit accounts, we find that all tbe
belligerent countries have VERY
GREATLY INCREASED THEIR DEPOSITS, consequently no past savings
have been used at all for the purchase
of war bonds.
Tho process of saving, from the capitalist's point of view, has not been retarded, but has been groatly accelerated during the continuance of the war,
and from that standpoint WAR HAS
All the war expenditure, therefore,
has been paid for, not out of past deposits, but out of current profit, and
not only paid for, but, judging by the
increase of bank deposits, there has,
been u tremendous profit in the transaction, i
It would be mere impertinence for a
layman to doubt the accuracy of bank
balance sheets, therefore we have to
tako theso documents at their face
value, and they clcmrly show, not a di
crease but a great increase in wealth
among the privileged' class of th
Of courso this only means that some
people are rapidly getting richer, but
thnt in just about as near to universal
prosperity as we ever get, either in war
or peace.
Posterity not having been born, hns
not contributed anything to this huge
war expenditure, but as, on the
other hand, the accumulated savings of
thc dead hnve not been diminished, the
account is squared from a financial
standpoint, nnd posterity owes us nothing.
That is n question that no financial
export in any country has ever yet attempted to answer. In defnult of any
other explanation it seems reasonable
that the great mass of thc people now
living have paid for the war expenditure by doing more work for loss wages
than they did in time of pence.
Not less money wages; but when thc
purchasing power of tho sovereign
drops to ten shillings, through the wily
devices of war profiteers, it is quite a
simple proposition to make people work
harder for less real wages thun they
have previously received.
Wo all now quite understand that
neithor the taxation of war profits nor
the investment of war profits in war
bonds has any tendency to diminish dividends. No government would be so
foolish as to advocate any policy which
would alienate itB best supporters by
interfering with regular and satisfactory dividends.
™ But where on earth docs Posterity!
come in, in thiB curious financial conjuring business? POSTERITY IS THE
"MUG." There must always be a
mug somewhere in every scheme of
high finance.
But   suppose,   sometime   and   some-
Another False Trail Exposed, and Its Snags
[By T. Dooley]
Of all the schemes now being advocated which aro supposed to improve tho
conditions of the working class, but
really to break up the unions, I think
the worst is co-partnership or profit'
sharing. In the old world labor lead,
ers by the dozen have fallen for it,
probably because they saw in it one
of the means of preventing strikes
and bo help them to hold on to their
good jobs, as they had a holy horror
of strikes. Co-partnership has shown
itself in the eity of Victoria, and it be*
hooves those of us who are not out to
be bought to fight it to the bitter end.
Now there are many forms of profit-
sharing in the old eountry (I am not
acquainted with any here), from the
premium bonus system right up to copartnership, in which the workers are
partners in the concern, holding shares
and drawing dividends with their capitalist shareholders. In a report publish,
ed in July, 1912, in the Board of Trade
Labor Gazette, after an investigation
into the subject by the Board of Trade,
it is stated that: '' The schemes adopted
in different cases exhibit a very interesting variety of type.'' In the majority
of cases they tell us further, "The
total amount allotted for distribution
among the employees as bonus is a
fixed proporion of tho profits; but in a
small number of cases participation
stops at a certain point, beyond which
the claims of tho employee censes."
In a.small number of cases thc amount
available for the payment of bonus is
not a proportion of the profits, but a
sum contingent upon a certain rate of
profit being earned by the business,
this being in some of these cases a
fixed percentage on wagos, and in
others, an amount ascending with the
rato of profit iearned."
Of the co-partnership in operation at
Port Sunlight the establishment of Sir
WJ H. Lover, a dividend of five per
cent, is firBt paid on ordinary shares,
and "after the payment of fivo per
cent, on the ordinary shares, tho ordinary shnres and co-partnership shares
rank equal. That is utnil five per cent-
has been paid on the capital subscribed, the employee co-partner gets nothing, and when the co-partner gets
2 1-2 per cent, it means that a dividend of 2 1-2 per cent is also paid to
thc capitalist co-partners, plus their five
per cent., or a total of 7 1-2 per cent,
for the ordinary shareholders and 2 1-2
per cent, for tho plug. The employeo
copartners, as such, can never get as
high a dividend as the capitalist copartners, can never share in the ordiu-
ariy profits with them, but must earn
profits over and. above the ordinary
five per cent., to be paid on the capitalist shares, and must thon equally di-
vido theso extra earnings with their
capitalist co-parners.
What a beautiful scheme. The thing
is simplicity itself. All the worker
has to do is worke like hell, and the
more extra profits he produces the more
he will have to share with his capital,
ist co-partner, and tho advantage to
the working man would bo something
like tho lady who went for a ride on a
There was a young lady in Niger,
Who wont for a ride on a tiger;
They returned from tho ride
With the lady inside
And a smile on the face of the tiger.
In whatever Bhapo or form co-partnership appears tho    workers    should
shun it as they would a pole cat.   Because all forms of co-partnership have
the samo end in view.   Now this prin.
ciple of sharing only   the   additional
earnings of the co-partner seems to be
pretty general, in all so-called "profit-
sharing'' schemes.   Hero is one company Messrs.    Clarke,    Nickolls    and
Coombes (Limited)    of   tho   Clarnico
Confectionery   Works,   Victoria   Park,
London, who provide for a dividend of
six per cent, to bc paid first to the
ordinary shareholders on their capital.
After this dividend has been paid, the
surplus profits are divided in equal proportion between the wqrk people and
shareholders.    The London Times  for
July 2, 1912, says thnt last year over
$4(10,000 wns paid in weekly wnges, and
$1)5,250 in bonus, boing 14 1.2 per cent,
beyond regular wages.    In  that case
the ordinary shareholders would have
received 20 1-2 por eent or 14 1-2 per
cent, plus their regular six per cent.
Under this scheme "nil employers who
have worked twelve    months    got    a
bonus, and are [mid in proportion to
the amount of their yearly  wnges or
salaries.   This scheme is not a true copartnership because ihe employees receive tlieir bonus in cash.    They are
not compelled to invest it in tho stock
of tho company.   This is not, of course,
real co-partnership, and is not in the
samo category as Sir W. H. Lever's
arrangement, for in the latter, in accordance with the provisions of a trust |
deed, partnership   certificates   to   the I
amount of $2,500,000 nro set apart for
distribution every yenr    to    directors
and employees.   If an employee is 25
years of age, and ofi very good character, and with a clean record  of   five
years'   "faithful   service,"   and   he
promises not to waste any time, money
or materials, but further the interests
of tho company.    The employee does
not pay any cash, and the annual distributions are equal in par value to 10
per cent, of his yenrly wages, until the
maximum nmount thnt can bc obtained
by oach employee   is   reached.   The
maximum    nmount    may    equal    tho
amount of from two to   four .yenrs'
wages of the workman, but the trustees have the power to vary the allot,
ment of thc shares, according   to   the
merits of thoso who apply for them.
The truBt deed provides that tho partnership certificates shall be cancelled
whenever tho worker ceases to bo an
(X* Vuwmr\
Ottr. 12.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
President Victoria Trades aVd Labor
Council, late President Local 446,
Steam Engineers, Vietoria.
employee of the company. The partnership and preferential certificates
rank, wben it comes to. a dividend as I
have previously described, that is, they
both rank equal after five per cent,
has been paid on the ordinary shares.
Now, as to the most that the worker
can get as a dividend in each class,
the Times Bays that no employee
can increase the maximum partnership
interest attainablo by him except by
oarning promotion to higher rank. On
the annual distribution at the rate of
10 per cent, per annum on the salaries
earned, an employee earning loss than
$500 might obtain in one year a certificate of the value of bctweon $25
and $50, but when he has accumulated
certificates to tho value of $1,000 in
partnership certificates he will stop.
Now "this scheme assumes that if before he can cam $1,000 in partnership
certificates he has not risen to a higher
position, he is not worth any more as
a partner, but as his earnings increase
his share increases, as will bo seen from
the following:
Maximum of
Earnings per Annum. Certificates.
From  $ 500  to  $1,000 $ 2,000
From  $1,000  to  $1,500 $ 4,000
From  $1,500  to  $2,500 $ 6,000
From  $2,500  to  $3,750 $10,000
From $3,750 and up $15,000
So that the chances of the worker
becoming a "bloated capitalist" are
not very rosy. An employee must be 25
years of age, must have worked for the
company five years before he can be.
come a co-partner. And if he is earning $10 a week (and quito a number
that I know were not earning that
much), and gets certificates at 10 per
cent., it will take him 40 years before
he will reach tho $2,000 which is the
maximum he, at $10 per week is allowed to get. Now what does this mean
to tho worker? It means the bonus
for a • worker getting $10 per week
(Continued on Page t)
is, after all, a minor consideration, although we have always consistently
and persistently charged the lowest
prices in the city. The publio should
realize we have been in the tailoring
business in this city for many years,
that we have grown with the city, and
that our business and our customers
have grown up with us. The friendliness of our customers we regard aa the
highest compliment, their strong
recommendation as our greatest asset,
and it is upon our reputation for honest trading and square dealing that we
are now doing the largest and best
custom-tailoring business in the city.
945 UP
$35 UP
128 Hastings Street East
Near Theatre Boyal  (OU Pantages)
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Fea. Ooal (or your underfeed furnace)
'Seumour |
Taste It
--Its Natural Freshness
where, Posterity declined to uccept the
role of "Mug"—that is a proposition
too awful to contemplate. Therefore it
would be wiser not to do any contemplating along Buch linos.—Frank Cotton in Australian Worker.
qpU tho last bite; to tho last dainty crumbs; SHELLY'S
* 4-X BREAD retains its natural freshness. Always
"just right'1 for serving; always of even texture—nevor
crumbling. It's a good broad; good for your homo; good
for Ihe kiddies.
Uniform in quality—nlwnys tho same. Baked In Vancouvor'ri
most hygienic bakery, it comes to you thc best tlmt scientific
bread-making can produco. Muke SHELLY'S -IX BBBAD tlmt
important osBWitial to every moal.   Taste it—todny.
Shelly Bros. Limited phone F»ir-44 PAGE POUR
FBIDAY. August 9, 1918
Published ever; Friday morning by the B. C
Federationist, Limited
A. 8. Wells Manager
Offlce; Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St,
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
Aftor 6 p.m.: Sey   7407K
Subscription: $1.50 per year;    in Vnncouver
City, $2,00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
"Unity ef Labor;   tbe Hope of tbe World'
FBIDAY AuguBt 9, 1918
In tho Consolidated Ordors Respecting Censorship, tho following appears:
(Prevention of Circulation ot Objectionable Matter
1. Whenever in this order tho expression "Objectionable Matter" is
used, it shall bo construed to mean and
(a) Any adverse or unfavorable
statement, report or opinion oncoming the causes of the presont war or
the motives or purposes for which Canada or the United Kingdom of Qroat
Britain and Ireland or any of the Allied nations entered upon or proseoutcs
the same, which may tend to arouse hostile feeling, create unrest or unsettle
or inflame public opinion.
(b) Any adverse or unfavorable
statement or opinion concerning the
action of Canada, the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland or any Allied nation in prosecuting the .war../
! (o) Any false statement or roport
respecting the work or activities of
iny department, branoh or officer of
the public service, or activities of Canada 's military or naval forces, which
may tend to inflame publie opinion, and
thereby hamper tho Government of
Canada or.prejudicially aft'eet its military or naval forces in the prosecution
of the war.
(d) Any statement, report or opin.
ion which, may tend! to weak-en or in
any way detract from* tho united effort of the people of Canada iu tho
prosecution of tho war.
As can bo readily soon, under the
above provisions tho government has
wido powers, and Tho Foderationist
hug, in the opinion of the government,
overstepped these provisions, and we
havo beon, visited by Colonel Ernest, J.
Chambers, Chief Press Censor for Canada.
'  As a result of a meeting ot jtbe'di-
rctcors of The B. C. Federationist, Ltd.,
publisher*, of' The B. C. Foderationist,'
oflicial paper of tho Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, and the B. C. Federation of Labor waa called, which Col.
Chambers attended) and the directors
were required to subscribe to, and carry
out the following undertaking. or tlie,
paper would be immediately suppressed.
* 'Since it ha$ been pointed out to "
us by the Chief: Press Censor for
Canada that our paper has heen ftor
some time publiihing matter In di.
;   rect Contravention of the consolidated orders respecting censorship,
we hereby undertake and promise
that in the future no objectionable
matter ef. a like or any -other nature will he printed in this or any
other paper in which we have any
responsibility or interest, directly
or indirectly/'
IT IS GENERALLY concede^that it
is the duty of every■ jN»wm*tt' eivi-
lized society to ob4y$he law. Pen?
allies aro plentifully, provided for the,
edification of those <wfb aru jo*, forget-
tti'0 thity'flut^as
THE ANARCHY to-r/flVerioot-.-the *-,ne-
OF "LAW cestftty-jpf c-ompljdng
AND ORDER" wittf that duty, "..fir
all countries where
the franchise has beon beneficently bo-
stowed uf-on the people, lawn; tri>gii&
tions und, .rulw* of Conduct muy be. altered orV'ibo^c-JviijL- aii orderly *bud;
legal maJ«Ber,-*jy the iufcrpifto^jf tMt
franohise'*tfrfficr £uch coii'MttbiA there
is iiff excuse to be offered for any resort #o m-easures of violenco iu ordor
to anpr or abolish any law or to ojffect
any mango in established rules A -con-,
duct Mind deportment. Any rena to"
violent measures in order to redress
grievances or to accomplish, oven, a
purpose that in itself might be a legitimate nnd lifgnj'onh, is- to ropiidiote
all law and* order find fall into the pit
of anarchy, chaos and confusion, Thoy
who take part in mieli unlawful anil
reprehensible modes of procedure constitute what is generally termed u
"mob" and ut once lose all legitimate
and commendable standing in any decent community. They who aro clean
of purpose; who are morally (It to oa-
SBC late with decent pooplo and who uro
ffbni qualified to bo termed desirable
in em hers of « community or commonwealth, will not, sink to tlui level of
the mob und run riot in violation of all
the precepts nnd conventions of com-
VniQii Qeocney that have been acquired
Vhrougli tho long process of tho ages
nnd thnt have raised the status of
mun above thut of lower animals.
* * «
The appearance of tho mob in human affairs presages the uppronch of
that senility and decoy that will
eventually culminate in social collapse
und death. Once the orderly and
peaceful processes of social life become
broken and disturbed and the reason
of men becomes unseated, wild outbursts of mob insanity and destructive
violenco ensue. When theso outbreaks
occur upon a small scalo we term them
mobs. In the foco of thot which is
occurring throughout the whole civilized world it would appear to bo the
hounden duty of evory ono at all interested in thy welfare of mankind and
tho perpetuation of human society, to
-do nnd dure all that may He within his
power to forestol mob violence and
mob brutality and diroct the energies
of himsolf und fellows to the task of
averting the complete downfall and
collapse    of    civilization    that    now
* ♦ #
Sinco tho lost issue of thc Fodora-
tionist tho city of Vancouver has boon
visited hy nn epidomie of mob violonco
and blind fury that should make overy
well-intentioned and clear-thinking person shudder at its significance. It is
useless to repeat here the immediate
cause of this outburst of senseless rage
and fury. That it was deliberately incited by those sinister interests that
centre around the Board of Trade and
the Manufacturers Association, thoso
intorests that thrive only at the ex-
ponse of the workers ot* the city, is
beyond question, That invaluable aid
in this delectable work of inciting to
reckless violonco; to invading of the
legal rights of peaceful and unoffending citizens; to destruction of property
and to murder, was even afforded by
those high in official authority, is also
unmistakable and indisputable. That
it wos egged on by the press of the
city, whose purposo was camouflaging
the false and poison-gassing tho truth,
goes without saying. In fact all the
forcos und agencies of "law and order" wero in fine fettle and high glee
in crucifying the law and displaying
tho remains in the public placo where
all   thinking  men  und   women   might
view thom.
#   •    •
The epithet of "anarchists" has
beon liberally applied to the organized
workors of this city, especially when
thoy fu.ind it necessary to moke a demand for an increase of wages. It iB
a cheap cry and is never indulged in
except by the advocates and apostles
of ignorance, those whose instincts are
criminal and, whose loftiest concepts
are below the level of normal vulgarity. Along with the epithet of "anarchy" has also been flung thoso of
'' sedition," " pro German,'' accepters
of "Gorman money," etc. But it so
happens that t}ip.organized workers of
this cit^-^nd'it.'is true of<them overy-
where—aro at ail times law-abiding,
They,!7iey,er indulge in illegal acts;
They refuse to violate the legal rights
of othersi They never threaten to drive
objectional persons out of-town. In
another column will bo found a statement from tho Trades and;. Labor Coun*
cil setting forth' tho position of that
body, and it might be read with profit
by the "law and ordor" people of this
city before they again set out to vindicate tho law by repudiating it.
*  .     * *
Tlio organized .w6rfcers do .not need
to violate tho law in order to redress
any grievances they may suffer under
it.    Individuals muy do so, but they
"I usually come to grief in their ef:
forts. AIL mob violence, destruction of
proorty und murder will be left entirely, to the foroes of "law and order."
At the best such action is but the expression of mussed cowardice. I It is no
part of the movement of the only decent . portion ,of' human society—the
working clasa—to indulge iu anarchy,
lawlessness and Hot. That | sort or
thing belongs to tho other clnss in humnn society, the people of "law and
order," and thoy are heartily welcome
to what they can get out of it. If their
civilization suicides by the hand of
suoh taob: violence arid disorder, the ob-
sequio's will Ije thoir own and there will
ho at least some satisfaction in that,
Intelligence - and' reason alone can
afford safo guidanoe to th-e working
class. With reliance upon, that the
future of Labor is assured. Out of the
ruins of thp present muy arise an order
of socioty to which ponce and liborty
will not be strangers;	
federations ,and trades and labor councils at their meetings when the call for
the Congross conventions are received.
This would bo a large savings in expense to the local unions in the country, and tend to make Oongress more
efficient and less cumbersome, catting
out the representatives of the internationals, who aro mostly men that are
versed and steeped in the machine-like
methods which are in vogue at the
American Federation of Labor conventions, and' which to say the least, are
not in the interests of the rank and file
of thc movemont.
With Congress conventions convened
on the above basis, we should havo annual gatherings which would be repre*
sentative of the best thought in the
trades union movement. It is true thnt
they would be smaller gatherings, and
not quite so spectacular, but the work
thut would be accomplished would
be of such volume as has never yet
been seen at any convention of Con
gross. Time and money would be saved,
and the maximum of efficiency gained,
to tho trades unionists of the West we
commend tho suggestions for consideration.
AT* THE1 L'A'ST meeting of the
Trados and Labor Council, tho
Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada came in for some criticism, and
it was suggested1 that the council got in
touch with othor cen-
TRADES s^i tral bodies with the
CONGEEJWJ „.ryiew of,..getting con-
'ifirtei-Sfctiojfr-at the
boinifig convention
%y Wflj^'fcelcgafifji
* «g<     *
TlKT'Iederttionist^hns lp,ng boen of
the opirtloa- that something should bo
done Jo make Congress a more efficient
crgOHir.ation, and not favoring criticism
pf 4 ..destructive nut .ire, considers that
the -critic*'?hould have; something of a
Constructive nature to offer.
H       H*        * i     *
Wi,th tl^s'-xipinion and object in viow,
Tho^F^Wffftonist offfen the following
suggestions for the organizations that
are affiliated with Congress.
g .  * *' *
Practically oil legislation that affects
the ',-flaily fives of tho workers, and
wfcifth Covers thoir industrinl activities
domestic legislation, und can only
be enacted by the provincial legisla-
tures. .This being tho cose, it would appear that one of tho most urgent things
to bc desired is an efficient and active
legislative body in every provinco in
tho Dominion,
* * *
Congress, howover, lias never taken
the provincinl federations seriously,
and nt no time hnvo they gono out of
tlieir way to assist tho formation of
such federations, or to assist them after
organization. This policy must be
changed, for it is through the provlnolal federation that the most of tho
legislation that has been secured in the
interests of the workers in this province
has been gained, while wc never expect
lo accomplish a great deal for tho work
ers along these lines until such lime us
they aro fully represented iu the legislative bodios of tho cif.iutry, yet, it in
the only method by which we can got
nnything in the way of romediul legislation under presont conditions.
* * *
Secretary Draper has on several occasions takon tho opportunity at the annual conventions of Congress to depreciate provincial federations, and his attitudo is well known to bc antagonistic,
and with his years uf activity in the
trado union movement, ho should have
learned that it is only tho workers in
the provinces that can attend to their
needs along the linos of provincial legislation. In fact, tho Congress recognizes
this fact, whon it provides for provin
clal executives, choson at the con von*
tions from tho delegates from the various provinces in which thoro is no fed*
eration, to look after the needs of these
* # »
The constitution of Congress should
bo amended to provide for the formation (if provincinl federations of labor
tu each province, aud that tlie annual
conventions of Congress should be attended only by delegates choson nt the
annual con ven tions  of  the   provincial
Interesting:   Doings    Way
Down East in the
"Cent Belt"
TORONTO, Out.—This city has been
suffering for some timo for lock of
housing for its laboring population.
One hus a hard timo getting a five or
six-roomed houso of any kind, and the
rent, when one does succeed in finding
one, is vory high. Promier Hearst has
announced that the provincial government is prepared to loan $2,000,000 to
both urban and suburban municipalities, at five per cent., for tho purpose
of building homes for working men of
small mouns. Tho housing section of
tho organization of resources committee
havo endorsed tho scheme.
The terms oro: First, tho total
amount loaned by the province shall
not exceed $2,000,000; second, any municipality receiving a loan from the
government mast odd at least 25 por
cent, to tho aount recoived, so that
for every $1,000 received by way of
government loan, at least $1,250 shall
bo expended in house construction;
third, tho money shull bo loaned to the
municipalities by tho provincial government on tho credit of the municipalities in a manner to be hereafter arranged; fourth, tho rato of intorest
payablo by tho inuuiipalities shall be
fivo per cent, per annum; fifth, the
typeH of houscB to be constructed with
the procoeds of the aforesaid loan Bhall
(a) not exceed, in cost for each house
$2,500, (b) tho houses to be offered to
working mon and womon on easy terms
of payment, (c) whero the house and
land nro rented, thc monthly rental
shall not exceed $25, (d) the building
schemo of each municipality, including
tho plotting of the buildings on the
land, the plans of the houses, the form
of construction, the location of the land
to bo developed, shall be approved by
the governmont of Ontario; sixth, the
period of tho loanfl above mentioned
shnll bo for a torm of 20 years, or for
such less period as may be decided
upon by the municipalities and the government; seventh, tho municipalities
shall not charge against houses erected
under proposod scheme more than fivo
per cent, either in respect of the money
rcceivod by way of loan from the
government or money contributed by
thc municipality.
This will bo implemented by legislation at the next session of tho legislature. Thia will enable cities and towns
to become borrowers, who may, as yet,
be restricted by their chartors from
taking advantage of the above. Some
time ago a joint deputation from tho
Toronto branch of the Canadian Manufacturers Association, the Toronto
Board of Trade and the Toronto Trados
and Labor Council took up with the
provincial government tho housing
problem in this city. Their action has
borno fruit. Toronto is not alone in
wanting many moro smnll houses. Suult
Ste. Marie, Guelph, Gait, Brantford,
welland, Sarnia, the border cities, Midland, HawkeBbury, Paris and Sudbury
aro all faced with the same problom.
Recently tho city clerk of Welland advised thot 500 houses were needed in
thot city to provide propor ond ode-
quato accommodation.
Tho polico chiefs, in convention at
Hamilton, have disapproved of the men
forming o union. The polico and labor
officials of this city hold opposite
viows. Mr. Tom Stevenson said thnt it
appeared to him to bo tho old story of
an employer frowning upou tho
iden of on employee joining a union.
Aid. Joe Gibbons thinks that if men
are dissatisfied they would think twice
before striking, that their action might
cull in another union (Ihe police). The
unionizing of all public servico workmen Is only o question of time, and
tho police chiefs' organization
(T union) might as well be cheerful
about the inevitable.
William Varley, a returned soldier
ond a member of the Bricklayers
Union is contesting tho by-election in
the district of Northeast Toronto nnd
East York with tho Hon. Rev. Dr.
Cody, the newly-appointed ministor of
Tho Civic Employees' troubles with
the city are being arbitrated, Tom
Stevenson ond Fred Bancroft for the
mon, and Georgo Wright and City
Treasurer Brudslmw for the city, with
Judge Coatsworth as the fifth man. Ail
hands arc satisfied with tho personnel
of the board.
The shipbuilding trudes oro restless.
If tho machinists ond boilermakers decide to call a general strike thoy will
do so because of the alleged unfair
treatment handed out to tho steom-
fitters working in the shipyards, or at
least a majority of them. Tho requost
of tho steanifitlers for improved conditions and better wages was granted
by tho Dominion Shipbuilding Company, but the other firms refused' nnd
the pipefitters went out on strike.
These men are all affiliated with the
United Association of Plumbers and
Hleamfitters, and ure being supported
by thoir International body. General
Organizer J. W. Bruce has been most
active iu his efforts lo bring about a
settlement, so that the necessary work
of building ships for wur sorvico would
go on wihout delay. The trouble seems
to be that some of the firms havo accepted contracts at a low figure, and
to gront tho men who work for them
on increase in wages would mean no
profits for them.
The proposed strike in the railway
shops is causing somo uneasiness, but
there is a general feeling of hope that
things can bo feasibly adjusted. The
A. F. of L. has not interfered in the
matter nt all, but the international officers of several of ho unions affiliated
hero proposed arbitration. x
Mr. G. W. Alger, of the New York
Bar, has a very simple plan for putting
the child.labor profiteer out of business.
His plan ifl simple. Here it is: "Tax
the profits out of child labor; pass a
law requiring a manufacturing plant
employing little children to obtain and
pay for a license and pay' so much
per head on every child fourteen years
of age or undor employed in any manufacturing or mercantile establishment;
require manufacturers and employers
to keep lists of their children, subject
to inspection by the internal revenue
inspectors; collect the tax as a part
of the internal revenue systom, instead
of an intricate, unworkable scheme
such aB the one which tho court has
declared unconstitutional; substitute a
simple and effective tax statute instead
of requiring criminal prosecutions involving indictment by grand juries.
We will thon have the ordinary Federal procedure for thc collection of
taxes due."
In commenting editorially on the proposal of Mr. Alger's, the New York
Tribune says: "We havo precisely tho
same law in regard to the iasuo of
stato bank notes. There is no swifter
and there can be no more drastic repressive powor. Furthermore, its opera*,
tion is inexpensive and almost automatic. Mr. Alger has had long experience
in the drafting of measures for social
improvement. We commend his suggestion to the friends of the child labor
Tho following may sound socialistic
to Bome: "Why ore we talking obout
toxing luxuries today? Largely because wo wish to discourage the pur.
chase of luxuries by our people at this
time. No one quostions the propriety
of doing so. Why not go further and
use tho principle, for example, on the
minimum wage proposition! Why
should wo not provide by law that tho
manufacturer or employer who pays
hiB employes so little that they are likely to becomo a public charge should
pay moro in taxes than tho employer
whose wago roll is sufticienkto preserve
tho health and welfare of his employees? Why should the rest of us
have to pay in taxes foT the support
of children and adults whose inability
to support themselves is duo to exploitation by profit-taking employers?"
This, and much more, Mr. Algor writes,
in bringing the above proposition for.
Aud it is good common sense.
[By W. Francis Ahern]
At the annual conference of tho Australian Labor Party, hold in Sydnoy,
Australia, in Juno, 1917, eortain proposals were outlined as a basis for an international conference to settle up tho
present war. Since theu the proposals
havo boen circulated throughout Australia, and ratified by tho various State
Labor organizations. Iu June, 1918,
the final conclusion was reached in the
mattor of binding Labor to the proposals by the affirming of the peaco proposals at the Inter-State Labor confer-
once, which has just concluded its sittings at Perth, Western Australia. The
proposals as set out hereunder, now become part of the Labor Parties' programme throughout Australia—in all
states, and in the federal sphere as
well.   The proposals are as follows:
''We submit that in framing the
terms of a lusting peuce, tho following
principles should bo observod:
'1. The right of small nations (including Ireland) to political independence.
'2. That the European countries occupied by invading armies during the
present war bo immediately evacuated.
'3. That disputed provinces or territories shall choose their own forms of
government, or shall be attached to
such adjacent countries as the majority
of their inhabitants may by plebiBcito
decide, on tho democratic principle that
all just government must rest on the
consent of tho governed. The free exercise of such choico under conditions
of political equality to be secured by
the appointment of an international
commission of control.
Note—This course (with such safeguards for the rights of minorities in
communities of mixed races as the conference might dovise) would Bccuro a
final settlement of the rival claims for
Alsace-Lorraine, Poland, Transylvania,
and othor territories similarly circumstanced.
"4. That prior to the disbandment
of tho combatant armies and thc merchant navies employed in the wur, they
shall be utilized by an orgunized system of volunteer servico for restoring
the devastated territories at the expense of the invading powors, which
shall also compensate the widows and
dependents of nil non-combatants, including seamen, who hnve lost Iheir
lives us a result of hostilities.
1' 5. That, where An amicable arrangement can not be reached by the
peaee conference in regard to captured
colonies and dependencies, such territories shall be plnced provisionally under international control.
"G. That tho freedom of the Boas bo
secured on the lines laid down by President Wilsou of America in his speech
at Washington, in May, 1910, when he
advocated: 'A universal association of
the nations to maintain the inviolate
security of the highway of the sous for
the common aud unhindered use of all
the nations of the world.'
■ "7. The abolition of trading in armaments nnd tho prohibition of the
private manufacture theroof.
"8. The abolition of conscription in
ull countries simultaneously,
"9, The control of foreign relations
under a democratic systom, based upon
publicity, in lieu of the prosent methods of secret diplomacy.
"10. That the existing machinery
for international arbitration bo expanded to embruce a concert of Europe, ultimately merging into a world-wide parliament, as advocated by President
Wilson, in a recent messugo to the
American Congress.
Its amusing to soe the wuy some
working meu fall over themselves to
get into thn good books of labor exploiters. Tlieir bockboue muBt be
And Will Those Responsible
Take the Trouble to
Prevent Strikes
Much has been aaid, and we expect
more will be said about the Labor troubles on the coast. Much of what haB
been said, and much that will bo said
will only demonstrate the fact that
those who do the most talking do not
always know the most. And from what
has already been said, the causes of the
Labor troubles, or shall we say strikes,
on this coast, have been due to the fact
that tho omployers refused to carry on
negotiations with thoir employers, or
that thero wbb no one to carry on negotiations with, or that if there were,
they were inaccessible.
The minister of Labor, Hon. T. W,
Crothers, has not been altogether
blameless in this' respect, or should we
say the govornmont. For, after all, it
is responsible for the currying out of
the legislation enacted by the parliament of Canada. But as the minister
of Lnbor- has been in our midst perhaps it is well at this timo to point
out how BOine of the strikes that have
taken placo on the coast could have
been avoided.
Shipyard Strike
The largest striko that has taken
placo this year was the shipyard workers' strike. And iu this case, the I.M.B,
Wooden Shipbuilding Department was
to blamo, as was found by tho Murphy
Commission, and after this commission
had reported, the I. M. B. did not evon
then live up to those provisions. And
this was recognized by Senator Robertson when he wob here, and eventually
settled the difficulties, and men were,
on his settlement, paid many dollars of
back pay, and money that had boon deducted by sharp practice from the carpenters in tho I. M, B. yards.
The shipyard workers carried on negotiations in this caso for months before a settlement could bo nrrived at,
they never knowing just what position
they were in, the I. M. B. claiming that
they could not act without consent being given by Sir Joseph Flnvello, he in
turn stating that Mr. Butchart and his
colleagues had full power to act.
This strike could hnve been avoided
if the government oi whoever was responsible for the shipbuilding programme, had have made ony attempt
to deal fairly with tht) men. Mr. Crothers has stated this week that tho
shipyards are quiet. That is truo^'but
whot about the end of this month?
When tho Robertson agreement is
duo for revision, ure wo to have a repetition of lost year, or will we bo ablo to
havo the affair adjusted ulong tho lines
adopted in the United States. Why not
a permanent board to adjust all troubles in tho essential industries on the
coast; a board such as the ono now being formed to adjust differences on the
Gas Workers Trouble
Turning to the Gus Workers trouble,
a board of conciliation was applied for
under the Lemieux A«t. Aftor some
considerable delay on the part of the
department of Labor, two membors
wero appointed, but the representative
appointed by the company was not on
hand, and as u consequence, tho third
member could not bo agreed upon, and
tho government was asked to appoint
one. But prior to this being done, tho
timo elapsing between the board being
granted* and the government taking
steps wos so long, that the eompany
conceded the men's demands, and thc
services of tho board wero not necessary. This caso is pointed out to show
the delay thot occurred, and it is this
delay that in most cases, causes a wnlk-
otu on the part of tho men. Happily,
in this case, a strike was not necessnry.
Masters and Mates
In the case of the Masters and Mates,
a board of conciliation was applied for.
Thc government, through its minister of
Labor, refused to grant one, however,
and the men had to resort to a threat
to strike before they would accede to
the men's demands, ond finally a Royal
Commission was nppointed.
Again iu the case of the Street Railwaymen and the Electricians, The
Street Railwaymon gave plenty of time
prior to the date of the expiration of
their agreement for negotiations to be
carried on, and a settlement reached.
But no, the mattor dragged on, and
eventually a board of conciliation waB
nppointed, but at such a late dato that
it was impossible for them to adjudicate on tho caso beforo tho agrooment
expired, hence another strike, becnuse
of delay in tho negotiations; while in
the Electricians' case, when thoy desired and asked for a board on a previous
occasion, thc compnny refused to appoint a member to represent it, and the
government had to appoint one for
them. And then they hud to be subpoenaed to attond nud givo evidence
before the board, consequently whon tho
company on this occasion wanted to
refer the case to a board the men refused, and another strike took place.
Postal Strike
Then we had the postal striko, caused by delay in granting of concessions,
which overy one recognized os being
absolutely necessary, and whon the
strike did take place, could have been
easily settled by tho granting of a conciliation board. But the government
stood on its dignity. While giving advico to other employers, it refused to
act on tho lines that it was laying
down for their guidance.
A Suggestion
It has been suggested in the pages of
The Federationist ou more than ono occasion, that theso wago questions should
be dealt with on lines similar to thoso
udopted in the United StnteH, that tribunals should bo established to give
ready attention to just grievances, and
should bo eusy of uccesB to the workers,
and that sufficient of them should be
formed to enable thom to handle the
different cases as they como up, bo that
delay in the proceedings, tho causo of
the most of thc strikes, will be eliminated.
The press, in commenting on the
Motal Trades and their agreement, hns
stoted that tho men ore going to brenk
thot agreement. This is not so. Tho
ngroement calls for a revision of rates
of pay every three months. Tho first
revision is due August 81. Will the
government, or whoever is responsible,
it can not be tho I. M. B. now, see
to it that some machinery is provided
to attend to this, or will the workers
Own A Birks' Watch
A railroad man says: "Until I was presented with one
recently I had no idea of the beauty and accuracy of
Birks' Watches. Aftor giving it a good testing out I
am satisfied that no other watch would suit me so well
ns Birks."
Birks' Bailroad Watches
are built to give accurate,
trustworthy, and long service—AND THEY ABE
Makers of
"Canada's Watch"
OranviUe and Georgia Sta.
Doa't itow away yoar inn eaeh In
any old corner when lt fi la Jaeger
from burg lut or Are.
Tho Merchant! Bsnk ol Cue-it often joa perfect safety for roar
money, end will five yon full banking
aervice, whether your account It large
or email.
Intereat allowed on lavlnfi dopo*
a. V. BTAOBY. Manager
Oranvllle aid Ponder
W. O. JOT. Hanafor
Haitian and Oarrall
Notary Public
439 Richards Street
If you are considering the purchase
or sale of Government or Municipal
bonds communicate with
736 Qranvllle St. Vancouver, B. O.
Bank of Toronto
Deposits    68,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account may be
opened at Tbo Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or more
persons. In these accounts either
party may sign cbequoi or deposit
monoy. For the different mombora of
a family or a firm a joint account ll
often a great convenience. Interest il
paid   on balances.
Vancouver  Branch;
Corner Hastlnga and Gamble Street!
Branches at:
Viotorla,   Merritt,   Now  Westminster
18 Volumes, Cloth Bound
10   Volumes,   Illuminated   Title
Pages, Leather Bound
Whole 28 Volumes
New Price
Address Federationist Offlce
have o bo compelled to striko in order
to have the revision made? Tbe Wage
Adjustment Board in the United Statos
is at this timo dealing with thu situation in that country. What about Can-
adit f Wu commend this to tho attention of Mr. Crothers, and to those that
are at all times stating that strikes are
engineered by Labor leaders, who nre
disloyal, -etc., etc. Trouble can bo avoided, but will itf Time will tell, but it
is up to the govornment.
One hundred and flfty-two membera
of Victoria Machinists Lodge No. 450
wore placed on our mailing list this
week. Subscriptions from all over tho
continent arc coming in fast to help
us in our fight for industrial democracy.
At the recent Labor convention, with
no unmistakable voice, it declared war
to the death on the govornment, and
commanded thoso of its members who
woro part of the cabinet to quit. Kerensky was unable to influenco our British comrades in the way the bourgeoise
desired. They want to know why Trool-
stra was refused admittance to tho
country when Ken-inky was admitted.
Ornnu,   BMfM
BUdl U» tut	
utunl With.
i •■ 7« on
Dr. Gordon
Open evenings  7:80 to  8:80.
Dental nurse in attendance.
Over Owl Drag Store
Phone Say. 0238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
an All Suhjteti and Penona
P. O. Bos 8S7
Edmonton and Dlatrlct are due for
thoir Greatest Boom in History on account of:
(a) Rural prosperity—there hai nerer
boen a crop failure In its history.
(b) Tho Oreat Oil Dlscoveriea of Peace
River, House River, etc.
(c) Tho Industrial Development which
will follow—the installation of Natural
Gas for Fuel
Don't epend money for railway fare
until you aro thoroughly Informed that
what you want is hero.
Writo for information—confidential, Tellable and prompt—enclosing fee.
-At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Stores
—See That You Ge^-
unci help to keep your dollars at home.   This will make for
prosperity all round.
No better overalls made anywhere than arc made right hero
in British Columbia. We have them all sizes, and a variety
ot* styles.    Prices range $1.50 to $2.50
Union made, just in.    This is the last jean wc will get until
after the war.  Price $3.00.
WORKING GLOVES—fn a great variety of styles and grades.
Prices 50(. to $3.00
CANVAS GliOVKS-Our price only 15*f>
We oan nil you a good fait
blue Suit, at—
$25.00, $30.00 or $35
Two Big Union Stores for
Men in B.C.
Hastings St. W.
Also 614-618 Yatei St., Vlotoria, B.O.
Look for the Bi; Red Arrow Sign- FBIDAY...
..August 9, 1918
The only UNION Cigar
Stores in Vancouver
Mainland Cigar Stores
We carry all brands of Union-made Cigars and
Sole distributors of the I. L. A. Cigar.
The above stores are the only cigar stores in the
city that carry the Retail Clerks Union Store Card.
Labor Temple Scene of
Trouble and Rioting
(Continued from Page 1)
Special attention given to the needs of organizations holding smoking concerts, etc.
J. BARLOW, Proprietor.
Patronise only Butcher Shops that display this emblem.
THIS IS TO CERTIFY, That this Meat Market Is conducted In
accordance with the rules ol the Amalgamated Meat Cutters
and Butcher Workmen of North America, A. F. of L.
Therefore we commend It to the patronage of all.
Speaking of Cigars and Selfishness—
When I told Mr. Joffrics, socretuiy Vim Loo Cigar Company, I would
bc glad to writo these ad's tor him without oharge, I hnd two reasons.
First—I was so completely "sold".on Van Loos myself that I was
eortain enough enthusiasm would slop ovor into theso "ads" to convince
you follows. At least I felt sure you would trust my sayso to tho
extent of a "two-bit" investment in tho now three-for-u-quartor size
Van Loo.
I know a whiff of that incomparable Van Loo blend, whieh says as
plain as tobacco can say, "I've beon kissed and curod to ripo mellow*
ness by Cuban Buns" would do tho rest.
(Space compols me to toll you thie sclllsh part of toy story next wook.)
15c, 10c and 3 for 25c
not recognized, but he remained in tbe
building until after 6 p.m.
Mies Foxcroft, acting on suggestions
of the Labor .men in the Temple, gave
out that he was at the court house,
where he haa been many times recently
in conneotlon with the Boyal Commission in the Masters and Mates inquiry.
He was urged, in view of the evident
desire of the crowd to get at him, to
set out of the building, but as stated,
he remained until after 6 p. m., when
he left with other members of organized labor.
Mus Meeting
In the evening a mass meeting was
held in the Emress theatre, at whioh
statements were made to the effect that
he council was run by men of pro-German tendencies and many other wild
and silly statements. Speeches wore
made by Mayor Gale, H. S. Clements,
M. P., S. J. Crowe, M. P., President
.Richardson of the Fireinens Union, J.
Reid, of the Carpenters Union No. 617,
P. G. Shallcross of the Board of Trade,
J. S. Cowper, M. P. P., and a number
of others.
President Bicardson of the Firemens
Union, stated that he would recommend
that hia organization withdraw from
the Trades Counoil. Later in the w«ek
the Firemen decided to continue their
affiliation, whioh provees that he was
making wild statements, and which he
was not authorized to make.
J. Beid of the Carpenters, also made
a statement to the effect that the carpenters did not approve of the council's
action, as the carpenters have not yet
decided in meeting that they did not
approve. Hia statement is as wild as
P. G. Shallcross, in his speech, thanked the returned soldiers for the restraint they had shown in face of the
provocation they had received, and1 he
was going to ask them to come into the
greatest organization that the city of
Vancouver had ever seen, an organization city-wide for the upholding of law
and order in this city.
"Thero will be very little fisticuffs
needed then," advised the speaker,
"becauao you will only have to express your opinion as you have done tonight to make the coward hunt his shelter in very short order. Let me say to
you that the men who organized the
movement today which compelled some
of our best citizens to thrown down
their tools are as big cowards as the
one who got shot—in front or the back,
and I hope in both. These cowards
must bc moved aside while decent men
handle the situation,
Mr. Shallcross thought that as president of thc Board of Trade, he had
shown his sympathy for reasonable
trades unionism, and as a rosult there
was iu connection with the Board of
Trade a joint conference representing
both the Board of Trado and the
Trades and Labor Counoil.
The chairman of that conference had
met him to recommend that until the
men who had organized this movement
were put out of the Trades and Labor
Council, that conference stand dissolved. It was with the greatest pleasure
he would call the council of the Board
of Trade together Saturday to carry
such a resolution.
The loyal people of the province did
not give expression to their thoughts
often enough, he considered. They had
got to kill the German -element which
was operating here and locato the German cache, but at the same time he
would liko the meeting to go on record
as believing that the bulk of the organized Labor men were out of sympathy with tho action they were forced
to tak*.
Mr. Shullcross' spoech was a good
oxamle of the restraint (?) which the
speakers -used, and should be given that
cerdit which its tone demands, especially when it is remembered that mombers
of the B. 0. Manufacturers Association,
aud members of tho business element
in the city were instrumental in the
gathering of the returned men in front
of the Labor Temple, and for the way
in which "law and ordor" was violated by the mob.
The resolutions passed at the meeting were as follows:
"That the government of thy Dominion of Canada should immediately take
strong and stern measures to suppress
all seditious and anti-war movements
or language; and, further, that any
porsons, especially the leaders fostering
such langauge or movements, should be
placed at onco in military service for
duty overseas.
"That this meeting doeB hereby re*
quest the loyal, patriotic members of all
trades and labor organizations in British Columbia to initiate and complete
saeh steps as may bo necessary to force
tho withdrawal from the executives of
trades uud labor organizations of all
executive members who authorized or
supported tho striko which took placo
in sympathy for the man who mot his
death as a result to conform to thc laws
of tho country.
"In conclusion, it is moved and seconded by this meeting thnt copies of
thv.se resolutions bu fur warded to ovory
British Columbia member of tlio Dominion parliament, to the primo inifitor
nnd executive oounoil of Canada, with
the request for immediate action,"
The second resolution, offered by a
returned soldier, wos as follows:
"Tlmt wo petition thu govornment
again to conscript ull alien enemies for
work at $1.10 a day, and that the balance of their pay go to the men in
the trenches."
Street Cars Resume
Late in the evening, Mayor Gale got
in touch with tho Stroet Railway officials, and in view of the seriousness of
the situation, asked them to get the
mon back to work. The carmen, earlier
in tho day, had hold a meeting, nt
which thoy decided to follow cut thc
recommendations of tho Trados Council to cease work for 24 hours, and
President Cotterill and his colleagues,
in face of this fnct, wore loth to accede,
but finally wore persuaded to consent to
the mayor's wishes, ond at a lato hour
on Friday night the cars wero run by
as many of tho men ns could be secured
tinder tho conditions. Tho executivo
gavo tho following notice to tho press,
for thc information of its members:
"To the members of Division 101,
Streot and Electric Railway Employees:
"At 9:30 last ovening, Mayor Gale
requostcd your executivo officers to
meet him in conference. This conference was held in the stroet railway-
men 's quarters, Prior stroot, where
Mayor Gale apoaled to tho memberB
prosont to get the cars in operation ns
soon aB possible,
"It was found impossible to get a
full attendance of the executive, bat
tho situation was carofully considered
Special Labor
Day Edition
A special Labor Day edition of
Tlio Federationist will be limed at
the end of Ola month. TUi edition
will be replete with articles from
the pens of many of tbe ablest
writers ln tbe Labor movement,
and wlU contain many features of
especial interest to all workera.
It is expected tbat many extra
copies oyer and above tbe ordinary
circulation will be needed. Secretaries of organisations tbat are figuring on taking extra copies are requested to Mod In tbeir orders at
once, as with tha Increased number
of suliscribers now on our mailing
list, plenty of Ume must be given
ln ordering, or disappointments are
bound to result
With this issue, twelvo thousand
papers will be mailed to our readers, and tbe circulation Is going up
every week; tbe attention of our
advertisers Is called to tbis fact,
and ln order to facilitate our getting out on time, tbey are requested to have all ad.copy In by Wednesday morning for our regular Issues.
To Investigate Employment
Conditions for Women in
United States
by the officers available and finally it
was decided to concede to the mayor's
appeal to request our members who
were present at the moeting to take the
cars out
"In making this recommendation, we
take full responsibility and advise our
entire membership to resume their regular runs on Saturday morning. Tbe
purpose of our protest having been attained, further inconvenience to the
public, we consider, would be inadvisable.
'W,   H.
Cottrell,   President.     F. A.
Hoover, Business Agent.
"E. G. Kermode, James White,
Executive Committee."
Saturday saw a renewal of hostilities,
and more mob violence, In the morning a conference was hold by Mayor
Gnlo and others with the Longshoremen's execuptivo, and it was agreed
that the men would return to work at
the expiration of thc time set for tho
holiday. This tho men did, and they
were on the job whon tho returned soldiers mont to the Longshoremen's hall
at noon. The company closed down tho
hntches, and said that thero would bo
no moro work until Monday. The men
then roturned to tho hall. The returned
men seemed determined to cause mor
troublo, and the longshoremen took tho
stand that they would not be intimidated by anybody.
Some hope of a clash being avoided
was felt whon the returned soldiers'
committee entered the longshoremen's
hall at 3 o'clock to confer with thc
union committee, and also when Mayor
Gale, on a call from the joint body, arrived on the scene.
While the committee deliberated upstairs the crowd in the street below
gradually increased in size. Incipient
"rows" started, but were immediately
quelled by tho police.
By 4 o'clock the crowd thronging
Ponder and Howe streets, in the vicinity of tho Longshoremon's hall, hnd
grown to a dense surging mass, with
altercations taking place hero nnd thoro
but with the majority gazing expectantly up to tho windows of the hall,
where tho Longshoremon could be soon
nnd heard as they greeted the utterances of various speakers with cheers,
cries of "No, no," ond other exclamations, i
Through the crowd in the streets the
retrnod soldiers kopt restlessly moving
to and fro and and a number of thom
sought unsuccessfully to forco thoir
way past tho small cordon of police
guarding the stairway leading up to the
For a time it looked as if tho Longshoremon would accept tho challengo
of the returned men, and it would have
fared ill with the returned mon if thoy
had done so, as there tarast have been
600 mon in tho hall and ready to do
battle. But realizing that the roturned
men were not responsible, nnd that the
real instigators of the trouble wore tho
men that sent in a report to tho effect
that the Longshoremon had challenged
the returned men to attack their hall,
and had flrst called out the returned
men under the pretext that thc Daughters of tho Empire wore to run the
stroet cars on Friday and neodod protection, they refrained from any unlawful acts, and maintained law and or-
dor, which has not in this or nny other
trouble in Vancouver ever beon violated by organized labor.
i\t the conforonco between the returned men and the Longshoremen, Pto.
Devereaux opened the cnso, stating
thnt the roturned soldiers and a number of citizens hud a fooling of resentment ut, the uction of thc Trades and
Labor Council in calling oat tho various unions ,iunl lie argued that 05 per
out, of the unions wore not in favor
of coming out, but wero forced to do so
by (heir lenders The returned soldiers
demanded that Messrs, Winch, Kavanagh, Thomas, Pritchard, Cotterel, Naylor mid Midgloy .should leave British
Columbin Por tho duration of tho wnr,
becnuse of their unpatriotic activities.
Mr. Winch declared that the Trades
and Labor Council wns a purely administrative body, with no power to call
strikes, but only to rcconicinnd action.
The case under discussion was brought
bofore the trudes council nnd tho action
of the 'executive was endorsed by 117
votes to one.
An Extensive Job
Tho point emphasized by tho Longshoremen was that it was unfair to
single out half a dozen men because of
tho trouble. They argued that every
momber of the Trades and Lnbor Coun*
eil who voted in fnvor of thc rocom*
mondation was equally responsible.
There was much argument between
tho Bides with Mayor Gale smoothing
(Ut the knots and nt fi p.m. a decision
was reached, President Winch agreed
to call a meeting of thc executivo of
tho Trades nnd Labor Council and nsk
it to recommend to all unions to take
aii individual vote as to whether the
men named did truly represent their
sentiment in culling the holiday,
It wns pointed out that the Inking of
this vole would bo u considerable item
and ns there ure sixty-eight unions in
the city affiliated With tho council, Mr.
Winch Hiiid that Monday, August It',
wonld be ubout tho earliest that a result could bo announced, It was agreed
that Private Devereaux should be nllowed to address the unions if ho
wishes to.
Washington.—To Investigate and
recommend as to whether the government shall sanction the employment of
women ln hazardous chemical Industries where only men have hitherto
been employed, Is the flnt job that
falls to Uie newly created Women-ln-
Industry Service of the U. 8. Department of Labor. The question has been
put Into the hands of a committee of
experts just announced by Miss Mary
Van Kleeck, chief of the new woman's
bureau, and the committee will assemble In Washington on Saturday of this
week to begin Us work.
Meantime, Miss Mary Anderson, assistant chief of the Women-in-Industry
Servioe, a trade union woman and officer of the National Women's Trade
Union League, has been sent to Niagara Falls, N. Y., to visit the industries
in question and make a preliminary
report on the situation ln time for the
committee's meeting.
This investigation Is undertaken as
the result of a request from tbe Employers* Association of Niagara Falls,
at which point are centered 21 industries producing chlorine, caustic soda,
electrodes, formaldehyde, poison gas,
and other basic war materials. The
Employers' Association states that
"Polish women here are anxious to go
on shift work of eight hours, provided
such permission could be obtained
from the Department, subject, of
course, to supervision and suspension
by the President."
The committee will consist of experts in Industrial hygiene and sanitation, most of them representing de
partments of the government handling
contracts with the industries ln question. The list as Invited by Miss Van
Kleeck is as follows: Lieut-Col. Harry F. Mock, Surgeon-General's Office,
chairman; Capt. Austin D. Reilley,
Ordnance Department, secretary; Dr.
Alice Hamilton, of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, expert ln industrial poisons; Miss Mary Anderson; Commander Riley, of the Navy Department;
John Vogt, of the New York State Department of Labor; Dr. Richard M,
Pearce, of the National Research Council; Capt. Bradley, of the Gas Defence
Service; Miss Nelle Swartz, chief of
the new woman's bureau of the New
York State Department of Labor; Dr.
A. J. Scherewsky, of tbe Public Health
makes tne finest
for men—ud women too.
Makea -from tke raw cloth to
tke finished ault—ftom the
finest woolen, ln tke bale to
the perfect suit fitting perfectly tke customer'! peraonal
figure. There may be aa good
woolen, ln tke city—there are
none better. There may be aa
good eutten, fitter, and
maken—there are none better. Bat if and wben you do
find anotker house with as
good facilities, you will not
get that Peraonal Service the
Ford give,, and your Mlt will
eoat you more.
Ford price, are low.
of highest
St. West
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law WiU AUow
We Deeerre Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
Knowledge is powor. The workers
nre in the great majority. They alone
produce all wealth. Bead, think and
act and the world will be made a fit
placo for human beings to live in.
A Decided Contrast in
Enforcement of Law
(Continued from Page 1)
any erection used iu farming land, 01
in carrying on any trade or manufac
ture, or any erection or structure used
in conducting the business of any mine,
or nny bridge, wagon-way or track for
convoying minernla from any mino."
Section 97. "All persons are guilty
of an indictablo offence and liable to
seven years' imprisonment who, being
riotously nnd tumultuously nsnembled
together to the disturbanoo of the public penco, unlawfully nnd with forco injure or dnmnge nny of tho things mentioned in the last preceding section."
(2) "It shull not be an defence to
a charge of nn offenco agninst this or
the Inst preceding soction thnt tho offender believed ho had a right to act
as ho did, unless he actually hnd such
Parties to Offences
Section 00. "Every one is n party
to nnd gjilty of an offence who (a) nc-
tunlly commits it, or (b) does or omits
to do nn act for tho purpose of aiding
any person to commit the offence or,
(c) abets nny person in lho commission
of thc offence, or, (d) counsels or procures any person to commit thc offence."
Laws Originally Made for Workers
From the language of tho sections, it
will be scon that thoy were originally
drawn for thc purpose of protecting
thc property of omployers ngainst workmen, but tho fnctB hore fit the law admirably. In viow of the very general
opinion thnt tho returned men were misled by employers who expect to gnin
by Hotting the unionists nnd returned
men ono ngninst the other, to the ultimate ndvantago of tho employers, it
will bc soen that nny whom it can be
shown counselled or aided in bringing
about the disorder arc equally guilty
with those who actually did the dnmnge.
Workers Wathcing with Interest
Having in mind Ihe speed and ex-
poditlon with which workmen nre pro-
renh-tl ngninst for any offencos connected with striken, quite naturally tho
genoral expectation is thnt the same
prompt act inn will bo taken against
those who wero responsible for risking
the livos (tf the returned men and other
citizens who might reasonably bo expected to defend themselves against assault, and if the authorities fail to follow this COUrso, it will lend color to the
belief that it makes n difference
"whose ox is gored."
Fish! Fish! Fish!
Conserve the Meat—Economize
Eat Fish and Plenty of It
are deUcious 5c the lb., 6 lbs. for 25c
Our Cured Fish are fine for hot weather—at our
usual money-saving prices.
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowert Poiiible Punngar Farei
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendant*
Travel Comfort
Conault Our Nearest Agont or Write
Telephone Seymour 8488
It would tnke more than the wholo of
this issue to deal with all the state-
ments nnd meetings that havo been
held ia Vancouver this week in connection with the troublo. Bome of thc
statements, however, tn anyone with
nvernge intelligent need no refuting.
sueh ns the one to the effect that the
offlcors of tho Trndes Coiine.il nre in the
pny of Gormany. Tf this is true, then
the law should take Its course, nnd we
challongo the parties making these
statements to make good on thom. Another story ts the one that described
Kavanagh escaping down the flre escape oa Snturdny, for he wns not in tho
hull daring the whole time, but wns in
conforonco nt the Labor Temple. What
notion the Trades Council took ns to
getting rid of its offlcors is reported in
the report of the Trades Council meeting iu nnothor column.
A  Musical Comedy Hit
 other Big Features
Smax Bread
"SMAX"--an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
Cakes and Pastry
This Space Reserved for
Vancouver Milling
and Grain Co., Ltd.
Spend A Pleasant Day
This is one of the many natural beauty spots for which Howe
Sound is famous.
It is reached by the North Vancouver line of the—
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
through constant change of scenery for twelve and a half
miles. Hourly service on Sundays at 30 minutes past the hour
(3.30 excepted).
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
Take North Vancouver ferry on the hour. Depot adjoining
Ferry Wharf.
Time Tables mailed on application to Passenger Dept.
EMERYVILLE, CAL.—A striko of
the Factory, Mills and Warehousemens
Union ended with a splendid victory
after being out five days. Time and
one-half for overtime on week days, and
doable time for Sundays and holidays,
recognition of the union and the elimination of an objectionable foremen aro
the fruits of the struggle.
Secretary of Labor Wilson told senators the other day that the closed shop
in shipbuilding yardB of the Pacific
ports was defended by the companies,
the unions, and the Seattlo Chatober of
Commerce as a measure of great efficiency. That's why Pacific Coast shipyards can build vessels so speedily, he
quoted Hurley as saying.
You'll like the
very first pair
you buy
And you will always specify
Overalls and Work Shirts because the first garment you buy will serve you well.
Because of the high grade workmanship
Because of the goodness and long wearing
qualities of the cloth, you'll not need to buy
Overalls so often, if you buy TWIN BUTES
Vancouver, B. C.
Governor Stephens Grants
Stay of Execution—May
Be Political Move
LOS ANGELES—Governor Stephens
haB acted in the case of Thomas J.
Mooney, under setnenco of death as a
result of the preparedness parade dy.
namiting, and granted a stay of execution until December IS.
"I have decided to grant a reprieve
to Thomas J. Mooney, which will operate as a stay of execution until December 13, 1918.
"It is true that the Mooney case
still is in the supreme court of California, but I take thiB action, at this time
in order that all persons in this state
and throughout the United States may
be assured that the fullest consideration will be given to this case by the
executive and judicial branch of the
government in California.
"The Mooney case haB been in the
courts of this Btate for more than two
yeara. The records and briefs are voluminous. I will require all of the time
between new and the 13th day of De*
cember to give to this matter that careful consideration whieh justice both to
Thomas J. Mooney and the people demands shall be given."
It seems to us that thd tbove action
has been taken because ihe fall political campaign has opened, and it would
be bad policy to have to answer questions on the Mooney case during the
primary and November elections.
The fourth conv-ention of the Independent Labor Party for the Island of
Cape Breton convened in Labor Hall,
Greenwell Block, Sydney, July 13„ and
will, undoubtedly, go down in history as
the best and most important political
gathering ever witnessed or that took
place in the "Steel City."
The convention niarks an epoch in
the life of the wprkesr of the Island,
not ao much from a "large attendance" standpoint, or from the standpoint of "oratory," but from that of
tho sincere businesslike method and determination that each officer, cornmit-
teeman and delegate put into the
work before him, as well as in the inan-
ner in which each community and each
branch of "useful society" was represented. City, towns, villages, miners,
machinists', farmers, merchants and
seafarers all.
We took leave to predict, in an early
issue of The Labor Leader that this
"fourth" convention would sound the
death-knell of the old regime of wirepulling, index-file, professional politician, Grit and Tory alike. In this we
were quite correct. The "fourth" convention of The Independent Labor
Party has made it positively plain, and
this statement, is concurred in by delegates from all over the Island, that
the people's party, sometimes called the
third party, but which thc world in thc
very near future will call the '' first
and only party'' not only here in Cape
Breton nor in Canada nor in Great
Britain, but of the world. It is the real
party that speaks the hope, the ambition and the aBpirations of the "only
useful clnss in society—the workers."
Business men of independent means,
progressive views, conscientious judgment and ideals above tho "To Let"
tags so often found on thc coat sleeves
of the average so-called "high-brow"
thnt feasts upon the masses and makes
politics an asset on the right side of
the business ledger, spoke and worked
at the convention with the man in
overalls. Farmers, who a few years
ago looked upon Labor and trade
unionism as a schism of destruction,
God-hating, etc., were pleased to affiliate in a common cauae with the industrial workers of the commercial centres.
Ab for the workers of the slave class,
by Blow degrees they are coming to
realize that the old lines of struggle
confined solely to the battle for better
working conditions, or to prevent the
imposition of conditions that are worse,
is like to a blind alley that leads to
no final goal. In the future politics
will go upon clnss lines, thus severing
all connections and sympathy with the
political and economic schemes and
policies of the ruling or master clasa.
Thus, by taking to the open road, the
workers of Cape Breton will be but following in the path already blazed and!
soon to be trod by the progressive proletariat of the world.—Canadian Labor
Labor Over All
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: In kind
remembrance to the boys carrying on
thc good work in the local Labor movement, I pen a few words.*
Labor is organizing rapidly in the
East. Speed the day when the workers
of Canada will capture the reins of
government, and govern the country
that belongs to them alone, by virtue
of the fact that they perform all the
useful work essential to the exisence of
Speed the day when the workers will
arise in political revolt throughout the
world, and liberate ub from this modern
era of capitalistic bondage.
With good wishes from the boys here
connected Btill to the principles of their
union cards, and join me in the sentiments.   The world for the workers,
Niagara Camp.
..August 9, 1018
Engineers Local, 820
Owing to the rapid growth of Local
620, Engineers, and in order to conduct
tho business so ns to givo satisfaction
to the various sections of the craft, it
wns decided at the regular business I
meeting on Monday last to elect a
business board, to bo comprised of onc
from each section.
The dtities of this board will be to
take up matters of general interest to
the union, and to bring in recommendations to the local.
It is expected that this policy will
fend to mnko the organization more
powerful by doing away with tho friction that sometimes exists between
members of thc various sectionB of tho
craft, and will give members a better
chnnce to discuss matterB of vital importance at the business meetings, in*
stead of having tho whole evening
taken up with matters that should boi
handled by a committee. '
The following members were lected
as a business board, and will meet in
Room 217, every Wednesday at 8 p.m.
Stationery engineers, Bro. N. Brad-
shaw; dairy engineers, Bro. J. S, Tews-
ley; hoist and portable engineers, Bro.
R. Mack; shipyard engineers, Bro. W.
McPherson; school engineers, Bro. F.
H. Bentley.
Owing to no representative present
being willing to act for the Firemen,
election was Inid over for one week.
All members of Local 020 are requested
by their executive to watch meeting notices in dniiy press, as things are beginning to move so rapidlr, that it may be
necessary to cnll a special moeting to
take action in matters of importance
at any minute.
Over two hundred and eighty Lnbor
bodies held mass meetings in thc largest cities of tho United States, and at
least five hundred meetings were held
by Socinliats and Unionists in smaller
citieB. Mooney Dny will long bo remembered in all these centres of active
protest for juBtice.
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: In your
paper laBt issuo thero was a lotter by
I. Miller showing Conditions lh thli
town to some exrent in regard to or
ganized labor. I don't think Mr. Miller
had money enough to induce either of
the local papers to publish same. They
ooem to be too well controlled by the
powers that be, and if they had any
semblance of honesty about them they
would call themselves the tied press
and not the free press.
We have had for a good many years
here just about as slick a combination
of capitalists as there is on the American continent. As disorganizes of
labor they have an espionage system,
and a daily report goes into the boss of
any man who openB his mouth the
wrong way. A cross is put against his
number and if he opens it wrong a
second time ho is very soon "hitting
tho tics." A favorite method iB to
stop his place. If his partner happens
to be a clam another place iB found
for him, and they keep tho other fellow
running after Jack Hunt until he gets
disgusted or starved out, and if there
are a number of men that talk too
much thc wholo section is stopped nnd
they are scientifically weeded out.
Some ha,vo their own homes hore and
it makes it very inconvenient for them
to move nnd that is not thc end of it,
either, when a man is blacklisted. I
know cases where the black list has
reached as fnr us Snn Francisco, nnd
of course if nny ono says anything
ngainst u conl corporation here he iB an
agitator, trnitor or pro German. Don't
you see what tho Canadian Western
Fuel Company has done for the city?
Yes, for yours the coal company used
about half the water of the city water
works and paid $90 per mouth for it.
The citizens used the other hnlf and
paid $14,000 per year. Then thoy got
up an agitation to increase the water
supply and the city spent about onc
hundred thousand dollars and when it
was done the coal company put in a
dam below the city dam and caught
the overflow, and is selling water in
competition with tho city.
Recently the local press came out extolling the virtues of the conl company for donating the parks to the
city. The facts are that tho city haB
been in possession of tho parks for
over fifty years and have spent thou,
snnds of dollars on them, and neither
the compnny nor any one else has paid
any taxes on them. But about two
years ago the coal company had law
yers engaged trying to take thoso
snmo parks away from the city, but
they couldn't make it stick, and afterwards they graciously donated them to
thc people. But one thing they did—
they Bold part of Pine Street to a
Chinaman to build Chinatown on and
they got the registrar of the Bowser
governmont to'alter the map to suit
their sale. They also' included in their
"gift" to the city, a piece of bush
land just outside tho city for park purposes that they wore paying taxes on,
but did not forget to reservo the coal
rights. At the same timo they are so
generous they are discriminating
against men for joining an organization to protect themselves. Mr. Hunt
called the president o.f the union from
among a bunch of men and told him
if he maintained his position in the
union taht he must abide by the consequences. They will get up all kinds
of socials and picnics and you can bust
yourself with ice cream at their ex.
penee, but no labor union if they can
stop it, and it iB common talk on the
streets here if you want to get a job*
and hold it you must keep your mouth
shut, and the surprise on some men's
faces iB instantaneous when they are
told to keep your mouth shut, especially
those who have come from places where
they are allowed to open their mouth.
Hundreds of good men have left here
under those conditions and their places
are filled with men that we are compelled to go to Europe to fight against,
which proves the dollar patriotism of
capital, not only here but practically
everywhere elae.
There is one question I would like to
seo discussed through tho Foderntionist, and that is the position of the Typographical union, ono of the best orgnnized labor 'unions there is, nnd yet
this organizntion will allow its mem
bers to print some of the most glaring
misstatements and lies about other men
thut wish to organize, and I believe tho
Typographical Union thus becomes a
great factor in keeping the workers
misinformed and disorganized. Through
the education and organization of the
workers must come tho eancipation of
Labor. Every effort should be put
forth to that end.
Nannio, B. C, July 21, 1018,
The Riot of Saturday
Editor The B. 0. Federationist:
I am a stranger in tho fair city of
Vnncouver, nnd have boon forced by
economic necessity to sell my labor
power to a muster, whoBo slave pen is
situated BOme eight miles outside of
the city. I can only Bize up the present
situation from newspaper reports. I
visited tho city on Saturday last, and
what I saw, judging by tho agitation
carried on in the capltaliat press, did
not surprise me in the least.
I landed in the city on Saturduy morning ,nnd on going down town in the
afternoon, was speedily made aware of
tho aerious conditions that existed. I
had business to attend to at the Longshoremen's hall, on Ponder street, and
upon my arrival there I found a largo
crowd assembled and, by tho way, a
similar crowd ou Vancouver Islnnd during the late strike waB called an unlawful assembly, but circumstances alter cases. This crowd was composed of
returned soldiers, sympathizers and
curiosity Bcekers, waiting to hear tho
outcome of the meeting between the
Seattle Chamber of Commerce Can Do Business
Only With Workers
One of the biggest things in recent
news waB tho recognition of the Russian Soviet Republic by the Seattle
Chamber of Commerce and Commercial
Club. Just as Boon as the foreign trade
bureau of that body learned that the
Soviets had taken over all foreign
trade and waB the only body with
which they eould do business in Russia
they got busy and announced they
would "keep in close touch, exchang.
ing inforation regarding trade, exchange, demand and supply with the
people's commissariat." Economic
power is a mighty weapon for bringing
business men to a atate of reason I
Longshoremen's executive, and the returned soldiers' committee. Mayor Gale
acted in the capacity of mediator(f).
His worship had just spoken a little
piece about the terrible five men who
were a foul blot on the fair escutcheon
of the Vancouver Labor movement, and
threw out quite a few little hints such
as " being in the pay of Germany,"
tho blessings that would attend their
removal, etc., etc. It was just at this
juncture that the returned soldiers
made a determined attempt to raid the
hall, some of whom tried the flre escape route. They then came to the
front of the hall, and rushed the Btairs
with crieB of "get him," and commenced beating up men who were standing in the doorway. The two constables who were guarding the doorway
were witnesses to. all thiB, as they got
in the way of some of the clubs that
wore used. Now, the writer of this
epistle had only just arrived in tho
city, and cannot by any means be accused of being rattled, and should the
necessity arise, I am prepared to swear
to the foregoing. I had not seen the
accounts of the rioting of tho night before, nor had I seen the evidences of
agitation that hnd been published in
the daily press at tlfe time of the rioting on Ponder street, consequently I
had no preconceived ideas. But after
reading tho daily press and looking
back over what I saw on Saturday, I
am forced to the conclusion that somebody iB damnably guilty of urging the
soldiers on to do what they did, and
tho reason is not hnrd to find. Lnbor
and the returned soldier havo shown
signs of joining forces, and the hired
men of the muster class saw in that,
tho beginning of tho end. Consequently
they made a determined attempt to sot
Labor and the returned soldier at
croBS purposes. It is true they mado
a temporary success, but we patiently
wait for the inevitable reaction that
will set in whon the returned soldiers
find how they have been made cats-
We will now take a few clippings
from tho daily press of Saturday, Sunday and Monday, in order to prove
our contentions and to 8how that everything turned out as devoutly desired by
the capitalist press, boards of trade
and manufacturers associations, the
body trinity who are keeping tho returned soldier out of his own. For we
must not forget that it is not orgnnized
Labor that ib hiring Chinks, etc., instead of returned soldierB. The Saturday edition of the World can be characterized as a hymn of hate, for it is
full of hatred of organized labor from
covor to cover. On the first page, under the caption, "Thc Publie At Last
Take Its Own Pnrt," it says that we
have permitted a so-called Labor press
to preach sedition, and its circulation
has been assured by compelling union
ists to subscribe to these papers. All
of which refers to The Federationist.
Anyway, The Federationist didn't have
to give away a set of rotten dishes in
order to get subscribers, nor did' it
carry on a heads I win and tails you
lose lottery to boost its circulation.
On the editorial page our esteemed
friend says that it iB unnecessary to
suggest that German influence played
its nefarious part iu yesterday's strike.
There iB where John Nelson, with his
admirable training, shines, for ho means
one thing, but hopes that the people
will believe another. He knows that
the German influenco that played a
part waB the influence of the gonius Karl
Marx, and not as ho would wish us to
believe, the influence of the maniac,
Kaiser Bill, Had a riot been precipitated after such incendiary speeches as
followa, had been made by a Labor
leader, we know whero he would be
now, for we have had experience that
has shown ub.   Sergt. Lees said:
"Thore are enough of ua to make
these Labor leaders too thc mark." "I
am with you if it comes to cleaning out
these thugs." (From World, page 10,
Saturday, August 3). On the same
page, Mr. Shallcross is reported as saying: "Wc have got to kill this German
element and get hold of the Gorman
cash which is in the city todny. Those
leaders are just as bad as thc man who
got shot in tho back or front—nnd I
hopo both."
Capt. Devereaux said ho thought thoy
were coming home to good jobs and
pence, but they found a vast difference.
We can well answer our friend by suggesting thnt he take hiu case before the
mnsters' press, the Busbys, Shallcrosses,
etc., for Labor hasn't any good jobs to
loan. Tho aforementioned gentlemen
are officiating for the good Christian
gentlemen who own the jobs.
Mr. Leon Ladner offered to let the
war veterans havo the right to Bay
whero tho crucified five shall repose.
All of which is respectfully submitted
to Messrs. Kavanagh, et, al.
According to the Sun of Aug. 4th,
Mayor Gale, in answer to a question,
Baid that If there were four or fivo
undesirables whom it was found necessnry to see out of the city, he would
be the leader of the gang that would
seo them out. That, coupled' with the
statement he made Saturday that there
were five AidoBirablcs, shows him to be
some mayor. It is going somo when
the mnyor of a city liko Vnncouver
talks about loading gangs. One would
think he wbb mayor of Pumpkin Center
or Bome other one-horse dump. But
anyway, wo'll cxcubo him, bcause he
was rattled. But don't you know Clarence, that a mayor ain't supposed' to
get rattledf Wo'll let him off this time
in the hope that he'll learn to avoid
such breaks by the time he has served
his term.
According to  press reports of the
fighting at the Longshoremen's hall on
Saturday, it was just a storm in a tea-
(Continued on page 7)
A Fine Selection of Union-Made
full weight blue Steifel cloth with white stripe. This overall haB eight strong pockets, and in every detail that can
be made to count for efficiency it is first class $2.25
cloth, white stripe. A substantial garment at a moderate
price  —$1.75
gold back. This is a well-known time-tested and thoroughly reliable overall ; $1.75
OVERALL—Blaok denim  $1.<75
made ; double front and seat $1.75
BOILERMAKERS' SUITS—Carhartt's heavy khaki and black
drill $4.00
CARPENTERS' APRONS—"Twin Butte," union made, with
nail pockets, hammer sling, etc $1.25
,_j —Men's Store, Main Floor.
'■*''  Working Trousers
Strong tweeds in all kinds of grey and brown stripes and
mixtures. This is the largest and best stock in town, replete
with all sizes.    Prices $2.76, $3.00, $3.50 and $4.60
II yea haven't Joined ths federated Ubor
Party, get ln touch with Seoretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or inr « tko vice-
presidents throughout the provinoe. ***
Opposite I*bor Temple
—Haadtuartera for Labor Men—
Setee—76o end $1.00 per day-
•2.60 per week aad op.
Expert Repairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Bichards Btreet
ol the statement thtt oar Offlee Supplies
ud Stationer.' Sundries stock 1. Ue beet
in B. O. Oome In end look os OTerl
117 VIEW ST.
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residence!
Piano Moving
Phone ns dar or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
UBlon Station
Mined on Paelfle Coast
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Pair. 1800      1689 Main Itust
Refined Servioe
One Block west of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Beymonr UU
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Tina Creamy Lather
tnd Dots Not Dry on the Pact
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
BUek or Cake
Muif actnred la British Colombia
I first snd third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, E. Winch; vice-president, J. Kavanagh; secretary and business
agent, V. B. Midgley; treasurer, P. Knowles;
sergeant-at-arms, J. F. Poole; trustees, J.
*-*■ MoVety, ]. Hubble, A. J. Crawford, W.
  .*■■■■.*■■■■■—-**■ *
MmIi •••ond Monday In tha month. President,  Oeo. Butler; aeeretary,  R. H. Nee-
Undl, P.O. Box 66,	
tional Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays in the
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. Prosldent,
C. E. Herrltt; socrotary, S. H. Grant, 820
Cambie Street.
|    No. 617—Meett every leeond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
,Pre>tdent, R. W. Hatley, phone Fair. 2982L;
flnanolal seoretary, G, Thom; recording see-
1 retary, J. R, Campbell; business agent,
.Walter  Thomas,  Boom  208,  Labor Temple.
Phone   Bey.   7*85.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodgo No, 194—Meets
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, M. A. Mc-
Kiu*hern, 1245 Alberni St.; secretary-treasurer, Angus Frasor, 1161 Howe St.; business
agent, L. Cummins, Room 212 Labor Temple.
   .    *.wy>v.
Loal 28—Meets every flrst Wednesday in
tho month at 2.80 p.m. and every third
Wednesday lu the month at 9.80 p.m. President, Harry Wood; seoretary and business
agent, W. Mackensle, Room 209 Labor Temple.   Phone Sey. 1681.   Offloe houra:   11 to
12 noon;  2  to 5 p.m.	
Operating Engineers, Loeal No. 620—
Meots every Monday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Finn, 810 Moudle
street, New Westminster; vice-president, D.
Hedges; secretary-treasurer and business
agont, W, A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Templo.    Phone Sey. 7495.
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
evory Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Street; recording
secretary, W. Foulkes, Labor Templo; flnanclal secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple; assist'
nnt secretary, F. R. Burrows.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Offlce and hall, 804
Pender Street West. Moets every Friday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, A. Reed.
I.   L.   A.,   LOOAL   88-52,   AUXILIARY—
.     (Marine    Warehousemen      and      Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 152 Cordova East.
I Meets first and third Wednesday,   8   p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
!    America, Loeal No. 178—Meetings    held
fint Monday in eaeh montk, 8 p.m.   Presl*
I dent,   A.   R.   Gatonby;    vice-president,   W.
Larson; reoording seeretary, W. W. Hocken,
Bos 508; finanoial seeretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Bex 508.	
Butcher Workmen'* Union, No. 648—Meeta
firat and third Tuesdays of eaeh month,
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Preaident, B. W.
Lane; recording aeoretary, E. Lofting; flnan- ,-.
olal aeeretary and bnsiness agent, T. W, An* ^
derson, 587 Homer street.	
America (Vaneonver and vicinity)—
Branch meeta aecond and fonrth Mondays,
, Room 204, Labor Temple. President, J.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
financial aeeretary and business agent, H. S.
Nlghtseales, 276—56th Ave East, South Van*
couver; recording seoretary, E. Westmore*
land,  8247 Point Grey road.    Phene Bay*
view 2979L.	
Riggers, I, L. A., Local Union 38A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of tbe
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; financial secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Lee. Offlce, Room 219-220, Labor
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meeta
Labor Templo, seeond and foarth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; reeordlng secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2861 Trinity street.
Phone High. 168R; flnanclal seeretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlee corner Prior and Main streets.
fcurs Union, Local No. 665— Meets every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W. M. Brown; business agent, J. F, Poole,
245—19th Avo, East. Phone Fair. 2109X.
Financial secrotary, Bert Showier, 1120
Robson St. Phone Sey. 5679. Office, 587
Homer St.	
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. Pre*
sident, R. Marshall* vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H, Neelands,
Box 66.
annual eonvention ln January. Eiecutive
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver; vice-presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Vietoria, J. Taylor; Prinoe
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vaneoaver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Weatminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Fernie. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8, Wells,
Labor Tomple, 405 Dunsmnir street, Van*
couver, B. 0.
, Labor Couneil—Meeta flrat and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, North
I Park street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T, Dooley; secretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0. 	
LOOAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets first Sunday ln every month 8 p.m.,
Richards Hall. President, Jaa. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secretary, Jas. Fearon; financial secietary,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
_____*  BUPERT. B. 0.
Cenneil—Meeta seeond and  fourth Toes*  4
daya of each month, lo  Carpenters'  hall.
President, B, D. Maedonald; aeeretary, W. E.
Thompaon, Boi 178, Prlnea Rupert, fi, 0. FBIDAT. August 9, 1918
ipea Denim
AT $2.20
Sold, only to people who bring thiB ad.
with them. The material is a very superior, serviceable quality, correctly
cut, well tailored, and finished with
five pockets, belt loops and cuff bottoms. At this price this is the greatest bargain in a men's work trouser
ever offered.
Pair $2.20
Mob BudsoniBnuCompanu. M
"liirii^iii'Tii i>fti»»ugn  un     mmwt i swi-CT tram anmumu lj~^
* Oranvllle and Georgia Streets
CANADA FOOD BOARD LICENSES:   5*1*482, 8*4590, 10-4485, 11-163
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Paid-up.
Reserve Fund and Undivided Profits ......  15,000,000
Total Assets    370,000,000
41 Branches in British Columbia, including the
following in City of Vancouver and vicinity:
Main Offlce—400 Hastings St., oor. Homer. T. F. Peacock, Manager
East End—Cor. Hastings St. E. and Main O. Jardine, Manager
Bobson St.—795 Granville SJ Q. A. Macdonald, Manager
Bridge St.—499 Broadway W., oor. Cambie St. S.....A. 0. Pntnam, Managor
Cordova St—1 Cordova St. W. B. F. Howden, Manager
Fnlrview—2247 Oranvillo St., cor. Seventh Ave.....H. C. Hongood, Manager
Grandvlew—1050 Commercial Drive J. W. Logan, Manager
Davlo St.—1193 Granvillo St J. F. M. Pinkham, Manager
Hlllcrest—3232 Main St., cor. 17th Ave F. Bosworth, Manager
Kitsllano—201(5 Tew St J. J. V, Black, Manager
Mount Pleasant—2301 Main St., oor. 8th Ave D. M. Morrison, Managor
North Vanconver W. Dickinson, Manager
Marpole -  G. P. Thome, Manager
Port Moody .H. L. Fraser, Manager
New Westminster.
..G. H. Stevens, Manager
Accounts May Be Opened With $1.00 Deposit
Interest Credited Half-Yearly
It is a NATIONAL DUTY that you should SAVE.   Holp tho Government, therefore, by SAVING.
"Nip II in the Bud"
A SINGLE visit to my offico as soon as you havo any trouble
with your tooth or obsorve any defect in them may savo you
many visits later.
Onco it starts, tooth troublo means visiting a dentist, sooner or
later.   For your own sake, consult me before the troublo roaches
un acuto stage.
I am always at your service to examine yonr teeth and advise yon.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Street West, Oor. Beymour
Offlce Open Dally Until 6 p.m.
X-Bay films taken If nacai-
lary;   ten-year   guarantee!
Examinations   made   on
phone appointments.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Gents Furnishings
factory organized under "United Garment Workera of America"
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
Because they tto equal or hotter thtn any other similar prodtuta, ltt
them com* from whan thty may
Cascade Beer
Alexandra Stout
Speech Made After His Being Obligated as President of Central Body
President Winch, at the last meeting of the Central Body, after assuming that office, thanked the delegates
for electing him, and stated the functions of a chairman did not include
that of making speeches, but with the
indulgence of the delegates he would
like to make a few suggestions, as to
tho future of the council's activities.
He stated:
That with a view to dovelop
throughout the Labor Movement the
spirit of confidence in the integrity of
those who are placed in positions of
prominence, that no salaried official or
resident of the council be eligible to
e a candidate for any public offlce the
remuneration of which is derived from
any source other than diroet from the
Labor Movement.
That the offlce of presidont should
not be held for more than two con.
secutive terms by the same delegate,
and that not less than two full terms
should iclapse between the expiration
of the seeond term and the delegate
again taking that offlee.
That in view of the unsettled conditions in the industrial world a per*
manent central advisory committee
should be formed consisting of the executive of the Trades and Labor Council, and one delegate front each affiliated union, who shall automatically
commence to function as soon as a gen.
eral striko has been endorsed by the
He also suggested it might be worth
consideration that in view of the possibility of unions finding it necessary, or
to their advantage, to call upon the
Trades and Labor Council for assistance, that it would be a good policy
for the unions before going on strike
to put their case up to the council, or
its executive.
i He also suggested that it would be
well to consider if a committee could
not do good work by looking into the
wnges and working conditions operative in some of the smaller and weaker
locals, and, where deemed possible to
benefit them by using the strength and
influence of thc council this course
could be followed. To carry out this
suggestion it would be necessary for
all unions to furnish copies of their
wage scales, etc.
Continuing, he stated that in view
of tho remarkable majority report in
the recent C. P. R. Dining Car Employees enquiry, which report was absolutely contrary to the weight of ir.
refutable evidence, with .the feature of
the attitude of the chairman toward
certain of the men's witnesses, it becomes necessary for Labor to say
whether it will not refuse to allow any
representative of Labor to again sit
upon an arbitration board upon which
Mr. Justico MacDonald is a member,
except as an avowed representative of
the employer.
Dealing with after tho war problems
ho stated that it must be obvious to
evon those who aro totally ignorant of
.economics that after tho war one of
the greatest problems will bo to know
what to do with the surplus of workors over and above that whicb tho more
highly developed industrial system can
utilize to advantago—the numbor of
unemployed will be enormous—it behooves us to tako time by the forelock
—and we should at onco start tho agitation for a six;hour day with a five-
day week, as that presents somo smnll
measure of relief from a problem which
we know can only bo finally solved by
a change in our industrial system.
In dealing with education he said:
Wc have to recognize that Labor, if it
over hopes to occupy a different position in society te that which it now
holds, must itself take in hand tho
education of its membors, and not
leave it to outside initiative. I would
like to see arrangements made for holding meetings at which all phases of
labor problems can bo discussed from
all standpoints, and wo can fool assured
that the more Labor gets down to tho
study of its problems the Booner will
it arrive at tho solution. It would
appear that central meotings held on
Bunday afternoons in the Labor Templo would meet tho situation without
conflicting with other meetings now
boing held regularly and in which
Lnbor has an interest.
Turning to legislation, ho suggested
that a question worthy of tho council's
consideration wus whether it would not
bo in its intorest to appoint a lawyer
whoso duty it would bo to keop an
active watch upon all legal enact-
ments, whether passed by the munici.
pal, provincial, or Dominion authorities, or by tho omnipotent "order-in-
council" to seo thnt wo nro immediately acquainted with the details of tho j
new laws nnd thc extont to wliich our
(Continued from page 3)
wages is just pay that he should have
had or deferred pay, and in -10 years,
when the man reaches 65 years of age,
will amount to the enormous sum of
about $2,000. • Now what doeB the company get for this $50 per year wages!
To begin with, thero are the extra profits to the ordinary shareholders
whieh have first to be earned, and paid,
before a cent of extra wages are touch,
ed, and the share certificates gives the
holder an interest in the company, and
that is of course what the employer is
looking for, and makes him, or her,
as Sir W. H, Lever puts it, loyal and
devoted in service, and to all co-partners, and to the business and so on.
Well may Sir W. H. Lever Bay: "He
or she gives no pledge that he or she
will not strike. Such a pledge is not
necessary, seeing that the co-partner
workman has an investment of from
$50 to $500 of deferred pay in the
company, "his eompany," He tells us
further, in a speech on co-partnership,
if a co-partner commits any fraud or
any serious misdemeanor, or voluntarily
leaves the service, or is dismissed for
any misdemeanor or wrongdoing, his
or her copartnership certificate is cancelled. He tells us further, "Any man
can strike as he likes." Well may he
say: we know nothing about strikes,
but we had, in. the recent Btrike at Liverpool, men who were determined that
the company's work should go on, and
who, at great personal inconvenience to
themselves, got our goods forwarded,
or, by working late at night, got our
goods shipped to Hull, where there was
no strike at that particular moment,
and where steamers could be found
carrying to ports of destination our
goods. He says: "All these cases I
insist on having reported to me, and
as the final allotting of these certificates comes to me aB chairman of the
company, I have asked for a record of
all special acts of this kind during the
year, and in all these cases I give tho
man an increased number of partnership certificates, according to the services rendered ovor and above what he
is entitled to have.''
So you see co-partnership putB the
co.paftner workman on the side of the
capitalist co-partners against lnbor,
nnd that is one of the chief reasons
why co-partnership is detrimental to
the trade union movement and helps
to break down all working class solidarity.
But the quostion might bo asked
would it not bo a good thing to go iii
for co-partnership whero the worker
partook of tho ordinary Bharesf I say
no, for tho reason that the average
worker could only invest n small
amount of capital compared with the
capitalist, and ho would be a very
great disadvantage. To simplify matters and to make it more easy of un.
(1 erst audi ng, suppoae a case where the
shares were $100, the capitalist who
could tako from 100 to 1,000 shnres and
over would have a picnic, whereas the
worker who could only afford to take
one, two or three shares, as the case
might be, and at the end of the year
if a dividend of 10 per cent, were declared, would be in the position of doing all the work, while the capitalist
co-partner did nothing, and every time
he struck a blow for himself he would
strike 10 for the capitalist co-partnors.
So I say beware of the man who advocates co-partnership. Turn your back
on his preachings. Follow the advico
of Pilate's wife, for you may be sure
thero is moro in it than meets your
vision. Look at tho question fairly and
squarely in the face and you will seo
whoro you got off at. ,
Guests at Hotel Vancouver
Should Benefit by the
Chance to Work
The guests at the Vanconver Hotel
should be grateful for the opportunity
now afforded to them for healthy, exercise, in the form of making their
own apartments. Whether they will
want to pay their hotel bills just the
same may be a matter of doubt.
Among the various expedients resorted to by the hotel management to dispense with the services of their regular employees, recourse has of course
been had to cheap Oriental labor. On
Saturday afternoon, for instance, It is
reported that a number of Japanese
girls were brought to attend to the bed.
rooms. They were so well satisfied
that they quit that very evening,
Again on Monday eeveral Chinamen
were introduced to the same field of
operations; they quit next day, remarking, laconically, '' Too-much-to-
work I"
- Of course, these Japs and Chinks are
pro-German to a man—or woman;
otherwise, they would not refuse to
work without eating in these critical
times. The other day one of them—
a husky Chinaman—working in a
well-known bakery here, took the preposterous notion into hiB head that he
was being overworked. He therefore
intimated to the boss that he must
hav>e a boy to help him. No boy being
forthcoming, he simply went for his
belongings, with the remark to his boss,
"What you think I am!" Just as if
he'd been a white man and entitled to
say what he pleased!
And, strange td say, the white men
working there were '' tickled to death''
to hear it, which shows that they were
all pro-German too, without a doubt.
Evidently something will have to be
done pretty soon if the country is to
be saved from going headlong to the
Government Finds Need of Responsible
Body to Control Indus.
trial Conditions
GLASGOW, Scotland—G. H. Boberts,
M. P., British Minister of Labor, who
has been on a visit to Glasgow, had a
conforonco with Scottish Employers Associations and trade unions in the building, baking and carting industries, on
the establishment of joint industrial
councils in flnese industries in Scotland1.
Mr. Boberts explained tho necessity
of thero boing one body in each industry to which the government could turn
for advice with the assurance that they
were approaching the really authoritative body in the Industry.
He said that the Whitely report
which was made to tho govornment by
a special committee appointed to study
the question, especially recommended
the establishment of district councils as
well as national councils.
This is the store where Union Men's patronage
is appreciated, and it is why we are advertising
in this paper.
We sell pianos on aaaj payments.
We sell Victrola Talking Machines on easy
We sell all kinds of musical merchandise, Sheet
Millie, Flayer Piano Rolls and we keep the largest
stook of—
We give expert advice that is appreciated bv
our customers.
This is a one-price store, where all are treated
Now, Ur. Union Man, "It is your move." Call
and get acquainted.   This is your store.
Oir practical psnooal «xpulaM ln th* mule tftnlam
tta the paat 47 ywn, is ant tttao_ wa haw thomaoda of
satlalad eustomen.
PIANO HOUSE II? Granville Si
A Stimulant
Without A Regret
Nabob Coffee is far more stimulating
than ordinary coffee because all its
qualities are retained intact in the
vacuum,can. It is richer in flavor—
more appetizing—more fragrant for
the same reason.
Air fe coffee's enemy—it robs lt of
its quality. All air is pumped out
of the Nabob can the moment tho
—"' 1 goes in.
Food License
■o. e*5»»
*•*.    A product of
Kelly, Douglas t Co., Ltd.
  ,™„ .-..•initfon-il won of Airitric-i.
„L , Union-made Cigars. r m -
l«im«<-4bu»IUUB--l1[U*'iWlmU-*'*•-***•-•• tf___mmSt*oi%th,t
_msm 0 tin WMtMiTUiu^mmiuiUL mm. tf mi ntaT^iamUmm .m
Ut» Clin (• M MM IMMMtf <->-• M* *
ah mmfmmm *• i*w mitt -hsiM tuat**,» un.
(Continued from page 0)
cup. If the three reporters had been
in the doorway of thc hall, instead of
in the committee room, they would have
thought otherwise, the way baseball
bats wore flying around.
We notice Sergt.-Major Adams ._
challenging the man who struck him to
come into the ring. If ho was ono of
the men who were trying to beat up
tho longshoremen, I am afraid he got
what was coming to him, for I witnessed the light, where about a dozen returned soldiers dragged one longshoreman from tho stairway and started to
boat him up with baseball bats, clubs,
etc. Upon this tuking place, thoro was
certainly no attempt at a roscue, und
tho fact of Scrgt.-Major Adams meeting another man in the ring, would not
settle thc question of tho justice of the
longshoremen quitting work for 24
hours anyway, although it mny seem
tho logical wny to a man imbued with
a niilitnristic idea. That is tho German
idea, that might is right, and my dear
Sergt.-Major Adams, you wouldn't liko
to bc called a Gorman becauso you arc
thinking as the Germans think. We
hope that by tlie timo this appears in
print that the differences between the
Opposing factions will bo .settled, nnd
Bowen Island to Be Invaded By the
Longshore Workers on the
13th Instant
The Longshoreirfon's Auxiliary will
hold their picnic on tho 13th inst. at
Bowen Island, Tuosday was chosen,
as Wednesday is a day that is given
over to holidaying by the business section of tho city, and it was thought
that there would bo a possibility of
thore being'too great a crowd if it wero
held that day, so with customary sang
froid the Longshore mon defied super*
stition and decided that tho picnic
would be held on the 13th inst.
A splendid programme of sports and
othor forms of entertainment has beon
prepared, and all taking in this event
are assured of a hearty welcome by the
waterfront workers, and an enjoyaable
. .      , i    tr    "*'y" "u*   the way paved for a better understand-
Interests uro menaced.   Ho would also .        / ' .,..„*, .
bo one to whom our members could go    -
Si,ver Soda Water
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
with sume measure of assurance thut
would get as near to a square deal as
we nre evor likely to securo under thc
existing  regime.
Turning to appointment of committees and election of officers he stated
that it would appcur logical for all
committeos and delegateships to auto,
mntically lapso, or como up for Revision, at the expiration of the half-
yearly term, as the porstmnel of the
council changes from time to time, nnd
with it, nnturnlly, docs tho viewpoint
of thc body, and to mnko changes in
tho personnel of your senior committee
and leavo that of othor bodies untouched mny often bo inadvisable or
We have already had -experience of
tho disadvantage of our resent mothod
of taking the vote on candidates at ono
meoting, counting and publishing tho
result between meetings, and the officers elect taking offico at the noxt
mooting. Consequently wo havo two
loose ends and it is certainly necessary
for a further amendment to our con.
stitutlon to prevent this undesirable
state of affairs.
I hopo the new executivo will agree
with mo that thoir work can not bc
properly attended to by having a rush
meoting half an hour bofore the genernl mooting, and I would like to soo
thoy would got as near to a square deal
as wo aro ever likoly to secure under
tho existing regime.
In conclusion he mndo the following
suggestion; Ono important quostion
that Organized Labor must tako up j
scriouflly and quickly is to devise some
mothod to prevent tho soldiers' pensions boing exploited by tho employers,
Of their willingness to do so there Is
already considerable evidence.   This Is
ng. *or we cannot blink our eyes t
the fact that tho returned soldier and
organized labor are mutually dependent
one upon the .'ther. und it is to tbe interest of the master class to keep them
a pnrt.
tho selection was made or endorsed by
Organised Lubor, was not intended as
ono of thoso ono-timo popular, but now
out of date, pious resolutions, but as a
definite lino of action thnt will be
strictly adhered  to by this body.
I hope tho time hus now arrived is
which "Lubor leaders" will no longer
be recognized either by word or in
principle nnd thnt Labor is sufficiently
awnre of wherein its true interests lie,
and how to conserve them, that it can
henceforth dispense with "leaders"
und substitute officials nnd represents,
tives who shall execute instruct ions
nnd not define policy.
u form of competition which wo will
havo to face unless immediate and effective steps nre taken to guard
against it,
I would like to seo an active campaign carried on for thc purpose of
developing the principle of ''Indus,
trini" instead of "craft" unionism iu
the Lnbor Movement. •
Wo have in the constitution a provision for the appointment of a par-
parliamentary representatives, thero is
to see this committee functioning, and
despite thc fact that Labor has no
parliaontary representatives, there is
nothing to prevent our programme being put into operation by thc powers
that be, that is if wo so organize our
forces and educate our membors to the
power and efficacy of direct action.
Wo should insist upon Labor having
representatives upon all public administration bodies, such as hospitals,
schools, industrial homos, asylums, etc-,
as only by so doing can wo see that
thoso members of tho working class
who use these institutions get the
fullest benefit.
I would draw your attention to the
personnel of the Minimum Wage Board
and of the Lnbor bureaus, and impress
upon you and the world at large that
the resolution adopted unanimously at
the last council meeting whereby we
refused to rocognizo any official or
body that was supposod to represent
or function on bcbulf*bf Labor unless
TAKE NOTICE thit I, Donls Campbell, hereby declare my intention of applying for a
Ik-ens.* to prospect for conl, petroleum ami
natural gas on tho following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at thc southwest cornor of Sixteenth Avenue (Point
Orey Boulovard) and Illanca Drive, Municipality of Point Orey, New Weatminster District, thence wost 00 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains*., thonco south
80 chains to place of commencement—containing 6-10 acrea.
Located Juno aril, 1918.
Per Charloa Goodyear.  Agent.
\s Boots
Today and Satuiday
TAKE NOTICE that I, Albert Edward Gar-
vey. Intend to apply for a licence to prospect
for coal, potroloum and natural gas, on the
following described lands: Commencing at
a post planted near the southeast corner of
Block B0, District Lot 140, Municipality of
Point Grey; thence south 80 chains, thence
west SO chains, thence north SO chains,
tkence east 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 6-10 acres moro or leas.
Located June 3rd, 1918.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Clarenco Irvine Wel-
don, Intend lo apply for a licence to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, on tho
following described Innds: Commencing at a
post plnntod near tho southeast corner of
Block 90, District Lot 140, Municipality of
Point Groy; thence north 80 chains, thence
west 80 ■■luiiiis, thence south 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to point of commence,
ment, containing 640 acres more or loss.
Located June Srd,  1918.
.Special  gale price  -ifweOa
MEN'S VELOUR CALF BOOT, with Goodyear welt solo; .* J D|J
regular $0.00 for  ^T»03
regular $7.50 value for ■^^•wa
MEN'S DRESS BOOTS—In a rich brown calf; Acme Bole and rubbor
heel, or Ioather sole—a smart English last; ■#£ QC
regular *0.00, for  yWaOT
value.   Special sale priee -IpJewD
Granville. PAGE EIGHT
..August », 1918
The Pioneer Union Store
"Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Olothei"
to procure "Holeproof" at the old
TXTE have been advised
vv by the Holeproof Hosiery Co. that their prices
have advanced. This
means that after our present stock is sold you men
will have to pay more.
Buy at onee and avoid the
increase. Our stocks
won't last long.
guarantMd six months
6 Fair *2.60 and $3.00
guaranteed throe montlu
S Pair   $2.26 and $2.60
Denounces Resort to Mob
Rule to Prove
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.—For the
second time sinec thia country entered
thet war, President Wilson has publicly
denounced alleged "Americana" who
resort to mob law and lynching courts
to prove their "loyalty.''
The president's first utterance on
this subject wast at last year's convention of the 'American Federation of
"I want to say to every man who
does join such a mob," he declared,
1' that I do not recognize him as worthy
of the free institutions of the United
In a proclamation on this subject, the
President again uses the English language in his plain and forceful manner
in denouncing this "disgraceful evil,"
and calls upon peace officers of states,
"and, above all, the men and women
of every community in the United
States, all who revere America and
wish to keep her name without stain or
reproach, to actively and watchfully
assiBt in checking mob law.
"We are at this very moment fighting lawless passion," he says.
'' Germany has outlawed herself
among the nations because she haa disregarded the sacred obligation of law
and has made lynchers of her armies.
Lynchers emulate her disgraceful example.  I, for my part, am anxious to see
every community in America rise above
that level, with, pride and a fixed resolution which no man or set of men can
afford to despise.
"We proudly claim to be the champions of democracy. If we really are,
in deed and in truth, let us see to it
that w<e do not discredit our own. I
say plainly that every American who
takes part in the action of a mob or
gives any sort of countenance is no
true son of this great democracy, but
its betrayer, and does more to discredit
her by that single disloyalty to her
standard's of law and right than the
words of her statesmen or the sacrifices
of her heroic boys in tbetrenches can
do to make suffering people believe her
to be their savior.
"How shall we commend democracy
to the acceptance of other peoples, if
we disgrace our own by proving that it
is, after all, no protection to the weakf
"Every mob contributes to Gerroan
lies about the United States, what her
most gifted liars cannot improve upon
by the way of calumny. They can at
least say that such things cannot hap*
pen in Germany except in times of revolution, when law is swept away.
"I can never accept any man as a
champion of liberty, either for ourselves or for the world, who does not
reverence and obey tho lawB of our own
beloved land, whose laws we ourselves
have made. He has adopted the standards of the enemies of his country,
whom he affects to despise."
It may be news to some of out readers that merchants have withdrawn
their advertising on account of laBt
week's trouble. See if the merchants
whom you patronize are in our adver
Using columns.
We all make mistakes at timeB but
one mistake labor ttmst not make and
that is not to allow the profiteers to
dictate as to what labor shall or Bhall
not do.
Five Good Reasons
Why you should take advantage of this Big Fire Sale
The quality of our Clothing is always the best that
can be bought.   We truthfully state that there is
no s'ore in Vancouver so well stocked with "Old
Quality" Cloth aa ours.
Is that not superiority?
We endeavor to give the best service possible, Courtesy and truthfulness can be expected of every salesman.   You can rely on their judgment.
Is that not service?
Our Fire Sale is genuine—no misrepresentation nor
camouflage to draw crowds—the fire was in our own
store, as the rear will show.
Is not that sincerity?
Our prices are genuine Fire Sale prices.   Suits we
are selling now can not be replaced in stock by us
at less than 25 per cent, advance over what we will
sell them to you.
Is that not* saving?
We guarantee to make your Clothes "Fit Rite" or
refund your money.
Ib not that satisfaction?
$15.00.   Fine Sale priee 	
FANCY TWEED SUITS-Beg * *| <•   f\f\
$21.00.   Fire Sale priee «J>1 l.UU
FANCY TWEED SUITS, large **| £» ftf\
quantity.   Values to $32.60, iplO.Ol/
absolutely pure wool. BeguIarAQC t_(\
$40.00.   Fire Sale priee 0jtt_O.W
BOYS' SUITS—A large range    &>A Afi
BAINCOATS at big reductions. Only a tow
$1.75.   Fire Sale priee	
WOBE SHIBTS—Values to $1.50.
Fire Sale price.	
PANAMA HATS—Begular $3.50. **|   nfi
Fire Sale price  <P1.99
PANAMA HATS—Begular $4.00 (_n Q(?
and $4.50. Fire Sale price.- tJttmi.OD
STBAW BOATEBS—Up to $3.00.
* Now  —	
Fire Sale price from —	
BOYS' HATS below eost.
STIFF HATS—50 per cent. Discount.
per garment	
Large assortment of TIES, with prices cut to
BOYS' BLOOMERS—Values to     0>-t  QB
$3.00.   Fire Sale price tyl.&O
Fire Sale price	
in Combinations aud 2-piece at     d>*| OP
less than today's cost.   Up from..i
Every article in the store must go at a priee to you.  Don't neglect this opportunity to get a good suit cheap.
Clothing values ever offered in Vancouver.
401-Hastings Street, West-401
The best
The events now taking place arc
causing the hearts of those who look
beneath the surface to beat high with
hope. Even those who ore naturally
unobservant muat bc semi-conscious of
a Bpirit in the breast of the working
class that was not in existence before
the war.
The Holy Book says, "The Bamo
measure that ye meet out to others,
Bhall be meted to you again," and we
must see to it that u strict account i
kept. Working class justico bids fair
to be of a high order, nnd the court will
Boon be sitting.
We thank the hundreds of Vancouver Trades Unionists who
are UBing Union Bakery Bread in their homes and thus assuring a co-operative Trades Union undertaking of success.
Every Unionist Should Use
Union Bakery
•I Our Hand-made Bread positively can't be beat—it's more
tasty than other breads—keeps longer.
_ Every brcakmaker in our plant is an expert—he knows
how—he does his extra best because the bakery is a cooperative plant and he knows that its success depends on
■ turning out good bread,
Oet Union Bakery Bread at your grocer's or
Phone Highland 92
Union Bakery Ltd.
4th Avenue and Commercial Drive
Workers Must Have Control and Management of
All Industry
One nil-important aspect of renl democracy that is singularly and, it may
he suspected, sedulously overlooked by
capitalist writers and other upholders
of the existing order, is taht of democ.
nicy in industry. By democracy in industry we mean the right of thc workers to control their jobs, to exerciso a
controlling voice in tho conditions under which they toil,
Capitalist employers mny indulge in
various superficial manifestations of patriotic sentiment, but when it comes
down to thc actual question of industrial conditions, they prefer absolute
autocratic nuthority; they believo quite
commonly that the workers should ac.
cept whatever conditions- wages, otc,
that their employer iB willing to give;
as generally expressed, the capitalistic
idea is that the employer has a right to
run his own business. And this rule
applies juBt ub strongly to the big corporations bb it docs to the small employer.
The Power of the Workers
It matters not that tho Labor movement by hard struggle and at great expense nnd sacrifice on thc part of the
organized workers, has succeedod in securing a mensure of democratic control
by thc workers in industry, that tho
use nnd acceptance of collective bar,
gaining is based upon the recognition
thnt the worker has a clenr if not nn
equal right with the capitalist to shape
decisions affecting thc nature nnd conditions of hia employment. This recognition hns been forcod from th-e capitalists by the strong, determined arm
of Labor. It is a recognition that is
granted relnctantly by the employer,
that still carries with it a firm belief
in the superior voice and authority of
the omploycd and that leaves the vast
preponderance of power and advantage
in the employers' hands. Despite the
remarkable growth of the Labor movement, Labor is far from oxercising a
controlling voice in industry and industrial democracy is far from satisfactory
Nor does it matter that in many in.
stances largo corporations, alarmed by
the deepening industrial unrost, havo
sought to placate their employees with
wage bonuses, proflt sharing and similnr paternalistic schemes. Thero is nothing of democracy in this. It springs
merely from tho desiro of tho master to
wheedle his dissatisfied slnves into con^
tinued contented subjection.
And Their Weakness
The truth is thnt tho great masses of
the workers today are the victims of
an industrial plutocracy that is more
vicious iu itB despotic dictation of the
conditions of thc common life than any
pure nnd simple political autocracy
could conceivably be. The workers are
helplessly dependent upon the owners
of industry for employment and the
means of life, and they have little or
no effective control over the terms of
their employment and the conditions
under which they shall make a living.
Beyond comparatively Bimple standards of wages, hours and' conditions of
labor cstnblished under the greatest of
difficulties by their unions, the workers
nre unprotected. And oven then they
are constantly forced to present a militant and vigilant front to the capitalist
enemy in order to maintain these elemental protections that ought to be instantly accorded them by any socioty
that was at all solicitous of tho welfare
of its wenlth crentors.
Socialism says thnt there is no sure,
effective way to guarantee industrial
democracy except to socialize industry,
to make tho people tho collective ownors
of industry, to make all the people useful workers nnd to givo them an equul
voice in controlling the conditions of
their dnily toil. So long as capitalists
are allowed to privately own industry,
there cnn be no genuine industrial democrncy. And so long as industrial democrncy is delayed, so long will political democracy remain insecure nnd incomplete of realization.—Exchange.
New Delivery of Smart
THE MODELS are particularly attractive, accentuate newest designs
and are available in the
most favored colors, including saxe blue, sand,
taupe, French grey, navy
and Copenhagen. Some of
these feature silk braid
trimmings, others wool
embroidery, and several
show sasheB trimmed with
silk or chenille fringe.
New lines are depicted in
these dresses and quality
of material is splendid.
Many styles—one price,
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
Condemn Action of Returned Soldiers
at Meeting of Ladies
The big crowd which attended the
Machinists picnic held in Mahon Park
last Saturday came homo very happy
aftor having spent a most enjoyable
day, reports Mrs. Towler. The affair
was held under the auspices of the
Ladies' Auxiliary of Machinists of
i Vancouver and many thanks are due
I thc committee who had charge of the
arrangements which made the first big
picnic of the organization such a success. Ten applications for membership
were received and five new memberB
initiated at the regular meeting of the
auxiliary in .the Labor Tomple Tuesday. The auxiliary takes this opportunity of thanking tho brothers of
Lodge No. 182 for their generous donation to our brother who is sick in hospital. Tho following resolution was
unanimously endorsed:
Ever; Confidence ln T. & L. O.
"Be it resolved that tbis meeting of
the Ladies Auxiliary of Machinists of
Vancouver condemn the aetion taken
by the returned soldiers in the recent
disturbances, and be it further resolved that we have every confidence
in the presont Trados and Labor Council. I
Building the Business
Any business, in order to succeed, must
be founded upon sound principles. And
the first of these is sincerity, for upon
this rests all the other commercial
virtues. So when I began this business
I decided that whatever else I did I
would be sincere in my announcements
as well as my dealings. I promised my
patrons that I would satisfy them—
that I would give them honest value in
cloth, thorough workmanship, modern
style and perfect fit, at a fair price.
Thousands of Tom-the-Tailor suits
have been sold and every wearer is a
friend of mine. The business is growing.
Men'i ftdtl to
Meuoit  ftom
New Agreement Witb Union—62ya
Oents for Municipal Men
The Puget Sound Traction Light and
Power Company has signed a now
agreement with thc Street and Electric
Employoes Union which calls for 60
centa per hour for tho firBt six months,
55 cents per hour for tho following 16
months and 60 cents per hour for the
third year of Bervice. Time and one-
half will bo allowed for all overtime
and eight hours will constitute a day's
work. All regular men will be allowed
one day off in seven whon men are
available. Extra toon shall be guaranteed not less than $90 per month. The
company agrees not to discriminate
against any employee because cf membership in the union. Free transportation famished all employees. A highor
rate of 62% cents per hour for two-
year men is contained in an agreement
which the union has presented to the
city authorities for the municipal line.
Motormen and conductors must have
had at least two years' experience before they can work on the municipal
railway and this highei rate is demanded on the ground that the physical examination required is moro vigorous
than on privately owned lines. The
agreement is awaiting the signature of
Mayor Hanson, who is at present out
of the city.
When through with the Fed. pass it
on to your neighbor.
The Blue
Serge Suit
Blue Serges are getting
scarcer each season and
the price is soaring skyward.
To the man who prefers a
blue suit to any other, take
our advice and buy one now.
We can still supply you with
an all-wool, fast colored
Surge at very little advance
over the old prices.
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Granville Street
Patronize B. C. Ftdoratlonltt advertiser!, and toll them why yoa do to.
Just Arrived—
Union Made Shirts
Union Made Trousers
Exceptional Quality^-Moderately Priced
Fine English plain colors and striped worsteds, twill serges
and tweeds of exceptionally good quality. They are tailored
by expert Union Tailors, finished with five pockets, belt loops
and plain or cuff bottoms as desired.
$3.50 to $7.50
At Reasonable Prices
Here are mostly tailored union-made SHIRTS; coat style,
with double soft French cuffs; light colors and new designs.
$1.50 to $3.00
33-45-47-49, Hastings St. East.
10 Per Cent. Off to Returned Soldiers


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