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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 25, 1921

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Array INDUSTRIAL UNITYs   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER-.   VANCOUY-p TBADBS AND LABOB COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITT: VICfOBlS
1
THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 46.
POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER. B. G., PRID^lT MORNING, NOVEMBER 25,1921
$2.50 PER YEAR.
THE UNEMPLOYED U. S. IMPERIALISM
Meeting at Cambie Street
grounds Hears Committee's Report
Decide to Hold Parade
and Meeting on
Sunday, 27th
In spite of ths cold, some 400
nen and women assembled on the
Cambie street grounds last Sunday
to hear the report of the committee
of the unemployed, appointed on
Nov. 11, to Interview the city council with regard to relief for the
workless.
J. Q. Smith was unanimously
ehosen as ohalrman, and Immediately after the reading of the minutes, got down to business, by calling on the committee for a report.
Vhe report of the committee was to
the effect that the unemployment
committee of. the city council had
turned down the request for employment or full maintenance flat,
Alderman McRae stating that the
dty council had not the money and
could not give trade union ratos,
Alderman Tracy also Btated that it
was for tho ratepayers to say how
relief should be disbursed. Ke also
Intimated that the council had no
noney.
The committee expressed the
opinion that the city council was
passing the buck to the Provincial
Government, and the provincial
authorities were passing lt to the
Dominion Oovernment. It was also
reported that there was no provision being made for the single man,
but that Mr. Ireland, relief officer,
had stated that tf single men could
show that they were without food,
Ihey would be given relief at the
rate ot 65 cents per day. Married
men to be given four days' work
every two weeks, which will give
them an income of fli! to exist on
for two weeks.'
(Continued on page 4)
Time Rotten Ripe for a
Change, Says
Richardson
An instructive address was delivered by Mrs. J. S. Woodsworth
at Dreamland theatre last Sunday
evening, on "What's Wrong with
the World?" The speaker Insisted
' that in view of tho fact thut the
problem of producing the necessaries of life had been successfully
solved .and it should now bo the
business of the people to tackle
the question of distribution of these
things., The competitive system is
worn out, sold Mrs. Woodsworth,
•nd any system that has to depend
on war as a means of getting rid
of the surplus produced by the people iB doomed. The people must
think of their salvation along the
lines of the new social order. Sho
reoognlzed that the peoplo will only
think of themselves under great
pressure.
Tom Richardson, candidate .for
Vancouver South, spoke next, and
■aid the time is ripe and rotten ripe
for a change, and the only change
that would be of permanent value,
would be the change of the owner-
chip of tho means of production.
The productivity of the workers
the world over showed that there
was products to burn, for the farmers down In the corn belt of the
U. S. had grown so much corn
the market could not.'absorb It,
and it was being used as fuel Instead -of coal. That ls only ono of
tbe many ironies of tho present
brutal system of society, a society
that in Its essence can only produce the tiger and ape.
J. Hacking ably performed the
duties of chairman. The speakers
for next Sunday at Dreamland aro:
R. P. Pettlplece, Labor candidate
for New Westminster; Tom Richardson, Labor candidate for South
Vancouver, The proposal to nominate Mrs. O. S. Corse, in Burrard,
fell through because Mrs. Corse did
not agree to lt.'
. Useful meetings havo been held
at Prince of Wales school, Tuesday
night, and at Marpole school Wednesday night.
Richardson meetings next week;
Tuesday, Queen Mary school.
Wednesday, Norquay school, Slocan street.
Wednesday, Tecumseh school,
Vlotoria road and 41st.*
Friday, Brock school; Sexsmith
achool, 61st and Ontario.
Shows  How : Self-Determination of Small Nations Is Effected
Implanting U. S. Institutions in Haiti Was  ..
Difficult
(By Lawrence Todd)
(Federated Press Staff Corespondent)
(Washington Bureau)
Washington. — While tens of
thousands of citizens were slowly
filing past the body of the unknown
American soldier, lying In state In
the Capitol, on the day before his
triumphal burial at Arlington, the
story of American benevolent im
perialism was being told, under
oath, to a Senate oommlttee under
the same roof.
Brigadier General Eli K, Cole, of
the Marine Corps, was the witness,
He spoke frankly as an honest
agent of a powerful government
He had been made Chief of Occupation In Haiti In November, 1916,
charged with the duty of conduct
Ing an election, forming a-cabinet
satisfactory to Washington and revising the Haiti constitution in a
manner whloh would put Haiti forever within the control of the government of the United States.
It Is only fair to General Cole
and to the American occupation
to say that he and his aids wanted
Improve living conditions and
to build up the country, and to
spread civilization. The irresponsible acts of individual marines,
which gradually piled up the total
of some 3,000 killings of native
Haitians, are less Impressive than
the bold, benevolent ruthlessness
With which the job ordered from
Washington was done.
Sit here in the committee room
and hear Cole explain it.
First came his supervision of the
election of a truly representative
National Assembly. It was so free
that D'Artiguenave, his hand picked president, could not control It.
Cole ordered a certain Dr. Heraux,
who was pro-Interventionist, included in the cabinet. This created
a storm. When D'Artiguenavo and
a baro majority of this cabinet
voted an extension of the American
treaty from 10 to 20 years the cabinet collapsed. ,    „
"My object," says the witness,
"was to try to get people In the
cabinet who would work with us
and with the Haitian government
to secure the aims of the United
States tn Haiti. Of course, lf my
opinion differed from that of President D'Artiguenave, I wns bound
to consider the United States first.
The interests of tho countries did
(Continued on page 8)
E
I WREN
Council  of  Workers  to
Have Christmas Tree
for Kiddies
A meeting of the Council of
Workers was held on Tuesday
evening, In the Pender Hall, the
botter part of the time being, as
usual, -taken up with discussion of
the unemployed situation.
It was reported thut the South
Vancouver situation was still serious.
A committee was appointed to arrange for a Christmas tree for the
children of the unemployed, and
also to arrange for an entertainment.
A letter from the unemployed of
Saskatoon was read, which requested the co-operation of the
Vancouver jobless. The secrotary
wus instructed to reply and forward
a copy of the preamblo and constitution of the local body, and to
give all particulars as to the situation here, and to give an outline
of the demands being mado by the
unemployed fcr work or full maintenance.
Three delegates were appointed
to attend the meeting of the unemployed In North Vancouver on Sunday next.
A motion to send greetings to the
International Union of the Unemployed, through the medium of the
Workers Dreadnought was passed,
and the secretary instructed to
carry out the intent pf the motion.
LEST WE FORGET!
• - ____________________________ ..
Premier Meighen Says He I& Against Class Legislation—Actions
Speak Louder Than Words---Meighen and King Stand for
the Same Methods of Ruling Class Domination
THE premier ot this country is appealing to the elector*
to return hini to power on »tariff issue. He also eon-'
demos olass movements, and attempts to demonstrate that.
. the interests of all sections of the people are alike; that
classes do not exist in this glorious Dominion. To the job- ■
less slave the slogans "Protect Our Industries" and give
"Our Workmen Work" appear enticing. It at least
offers, irrespective of whether the promise will be mado
good or not, work, and the means of existence. The con:
damnation of class movements, howover, comes with ill
grace from a man who has shown that he represents thit
ruling class in all its actions. He it was who, during the '
Winnipeg strike, used all the powers of state against, the
workers. Of course this was done in the interests of the
"dear people" but the cljiss which was subjected to the
will of the ruling class, was the working class, and in
that instance at least the premier did not object to class
rule and domination.
' During the reign of the Borden and Meighen admin-'
istrations repressive measures were placed on the statute.
books without limit. Forces were created which demonstrated that the dominant class in society in this country,
was alive to its class interests and that wherever the inter-',
ests of that class were threatened, even though it was.
only by a curtailment of the profits from industry, then
all the existing powers of state would be used to repress
the workers, and if the existing legislation was not sufficient, new laws to protect the interests qf capital would
be enacted as soon as occasion arose.
Worken with short memories may have for-
gotten that while the Canadian Government was
negotiating with United States financiers for a loan,
Pierpont Morgan, who was interested financially in those
industries in Winnipeg whose directors had denied the
Winnipeg workers the right of collective bargaining, and
which action was the cause of the strike, was at Ottawa
watching over TJ. S. interests. They may have also forgotten that it was at this time that the Home passed, in
less than aa hour, legislation which gave the authorities
the power to arrest workers of British origin aad deport
them without trial. ._
They may also. have forgotten that the Ictivi-
ties of the mounted police were extended, and'
a once useful force, with records of heroism in its care of
the pioneers in the great expanses of country which were
undeveloped and almost unknown, was contaminated by
stool pigeons and agents provocateur, who were not. only
degenerates,' but representative of the lowest type of humanity. These men were Used to send innocent men who
espoused tbe cause of the workers, to gaol. Every dty in
the Dominion was infested by this type pf human' being,
and no man was safe from the activities of such men as
Sergeant Wilson, who for six months or thereabouts, before he produced the "evidence" against a number of
Bussians in Vanoouver, had brutally murdered his wife,
and was later hanged for this crime. His "evidenoe,"
however, was accepted by the immigration authorities
and the men ordered deported.      (Continued on pago s>
LABOR
FIGURES I
GAZETTEKAVANAGH
WORKERS I
Cost of living Statistics Says He Cannot Emanci-
are Scrutinized by Manufacturers' Agent
One dollar and fifty cents Is tho
oost for a six months subscription
to tho Federatlonist.
,.i|.i|ii...|.i|ii|i*.,«...   |  |  |  |  I  |  I  I'l  I '
A PARADE AND
MASS MEETING
Of the Unemployed
WILL BB HELD ON
SUNDAY NOV. 27th
MAYOR GALE and others will speak.   Parade leaves
Pender Hall at 2 p.m.
Meeting at Gamble Street Grounds 3 p.m.
Ia lhe event of tuifa.ormHe weatlicr tlie meeting will te held In
tho Fender Hall
Disclosures Are Made at
Street Railway
Enquiry
Continuing the case for thc street
rallwaymen before the conciliation
board, Mr. Cottrell on Thursday
last started on the wage question.
Charts on the cost of living wero
submitted showing an increase of
03 per cent, ovor _!H3. Taking
tho chart month by month, Mr.
Cottrell proceeded to show that
there was a considerable difference
In the figures arrived at by himself and the figures presonted by
the company. Mr. Murrin stated
his figures included the month of
October. Mr. Cottrell asked how
it was that the company could secure figures for Octobor when the
November Gazette, which would
contain these figures, was not yet
published. It must be that these
figures on the cost of living are
for August, 1921. Mr. Murrin stated
that the British Columbia Electric
Railway could obtain tho cost of
living figures up to date from the
fair wago officer, Mr. Bulger, before they wero forwarded to Ottawa. Mr. Savlllo stated they had
(Continued on Page S)
pate Them—They Must
Do It Themselves
HOW THEY DO
IT IN WINNIPEG
Feed   Unemployed   and
Then Ship Them
Back Home
Winnipeg has adopted a novel
way of "solving" the unemployed
problem. All unemployed who are
in the olty and. are recent arrivals
are housed in the Industrial Bureau, given three meals a day, and
when there ls a party large enough
on hand, their fares are paid back
to the place they came from. A
number of former Vancouver residents have been sent back here by
this method.
All the unemployed coming from
the Teg are,. however, not unemployed, as was instanced at tho
city hall on Wednesday morning.
One man, who had come from that
city appeared at the city hall. 'He
had a lotter of introduction to tho
commissioner of works. His inquiries Anally landed him before
Alderman Tisdall, who asked him
who he, was looking for. He replied,! want to see the commissioner of works. Alderman Tlsdall,
then asked him If he was unemployed, the answer being yes, the
alderman, who evidently has had
his norvea upset by the number of
unemployed demands, shouted at
the top of his voice: Here is another man we have to feed. Incidentally, the man referred to stated
that he had enough to see him
through the winter. No doubt this
Information would act as a soothing
balm to the alderman's racked ner*.
vous system.
Many Meetings Arranged
for in South Van- .
couver
Last Thuraday night, Jack Kavanagh, Socialist Party candidate for
South Vancouver, spoke at the Selkirk school. His meeting was hold
too late for a report to appear '.in
last Friday's edition of The Federationist, but the meeting was well
attended, and as usual, Kavanagli
gave the workers to understand
that, if elected, he could not emancipate them; that must be a Job
whicli they themselves must do.
In a clear cut manner, he outlined
tho position of the working does,
and the issues of the .election. The
amount of interest urousc-d by his
speech was manifested by the number of questions, which were to the
point and dealt w,ith in a logical
manner by tho candidate.
3. G. Smith also spoke, and
showed the function of the modern
state. He demonstrated that the
workors held concepts which were
not In line with the historical development of society, and that new
Ideas wero being formulated by thc
workers out of their necessity.
As the campaign comes to a
close, more meetings nre to be held
than in the opening days.
Next week meetings will be held
at the following places:
Tonight, Nov. 25, McBride school,
29th and Culloden street.
Nov. 29, Brock school, 32nd and
Main street.
Nov, 30, Sexsmith schools, 61st
and Ontario street.
Dec. 1, Carlcton school, Kings-
way and Joyce.
Dec. 2, Connaught. school, Wellington avonuo and Rupert.
While the nomination fee was on
hand on nomination day, working
class campaigns cannot be carried
on without funds, and more money
will be needed to pay for the expenses of the campaign. All donations should be sent to The Federationist ofllce, or to J. G. Smith,
1931 Thirtieth avenue east.
SINGLE MEN
GET REUEF
TOT. O'CONNOR TO
SPEAK AT I
General Workers Unit O. B. V.
The ballots for voting on the
referendum on the amendments to
the constitution O. B. U. will be
open at the secretary's office until
Nov. 26.
City Council to Provide
Housing at Hastings
Park
Alderman Owen Objects
to Workers Parading
Their Poverty
The Cambie street grounds having been granted to the unemployed
for their meeting on Sunday next,
and Mayor Gale having expressed
his intention of being present, fts
one of the candidates for Centre
Vancouver, it is expected that there
will be a large turnout, and many
workers present who, while not unemployed,, nover know at what moment they will Join Lhi ranks of
the Jobless. T. O'Connor, Socialist
candidate tor Centre Vancouver,
wili also attend the meeting, and
give his views on the unemployed
situation.
Following the decision of the
unemployed meeting held last Sunday, about 300 single men were at
Belief Officer Ireland's office on
Monday mornlfig. They were informed that no provision for their
relief had been made by the city
council, and that on April 16, 1921,
it was decided by that body no fur-
tfielr relief would be granted to
single men, and that still stood.
The men adjourned to Pender
Hall, and as they had acted on their
own and without the aid of the unemployed committee, they immediately sonught out that body nnd
requested that their case be laid
before the city council.
The committeo attended the
meeting of the unemployed committee of the City Council, at which
meeting Aid. Scribbcns moved thnt
the plans of the committoe be put
into effect Immediately, but he
could not get a seconder to his motion. Ho also suggested thnt in
the meantime the relief officer
should handle all destitute cases.
Alderman TlHdall moved that a
special meeting of the council be
called for Wednesday morning; hts
motion was adopted, all men needing help were asked to report to
City Relief Officer Ireland In the
meantime.
After the meeting was over, the
committee of the unemployed
workers met about four hundred of
the unemployed at 61 Cordova
Street West and reported the results of the meeting nt the City
HaU. A motion was passed to the
(Continued on page 2)
t.,t.i|„(„l.l|..|1,tl,tl,|li|.pt.i».|iH. ■■.■■■♦fi
Socialist Party Campaign
Creates Interest Among
the Workers
Kavanagh-and Harrington Spoke to Large
Audience Sunday
As election day approaches, interest in the campaign of the Socialist Party of Canada ls becoming more pronounced.
Last Sunday night at the Royal
theatre, a splendid audience gathered to hear the three party candidates, and at tho close of the meeting, their enthusiasm and support
was shown ln a practical manner,
by way of a bumper collection. Unfortunately, T. O'Connor was not
nblo to appear, being engaged to
speuk at Victoria on this occasion.
The remurks of J. Kavanagh, who
wns the first speaker, were concise
and full of meaning to the class-
conscious worker. Dealing with
tho somewhat hackneyed phrases,
"collective ownership" and "democratic control," he showed how
easy It was to use them in the furtherance of a vote catching campaign. The distinctions between
the Labor Party and the Socialist
Party was more than a difference
in names. He pointed t<J the failure of Labor representatives In the
(Continued on page I)
JOE KNIGHT
Just Returned from Russia, will speak on the
RED ARMY
as he saw it in RUSSIA
ROYAL THEATRE
Friday, December 2nd
8 p.m.
(Auspices 0. N. U. X.
».t.i>il|ii|ii|ii|iit-t..>.i.ltl.|ii|ii|ii| i|m| itnii.^,-1
1mtntn$nt~Mtat4 'I   I   I 'I 't"l"»»*"l' I ■■   I
VOTE IN BERLIN
Support of Workers Lost
By Independent
Socialists
(By  The  Federated  Press.)
Berlin—The city election, heralded at first by Tho Frankfurter
Zeitung and other capitalist papers
as a "terrible dlssater to the Socialist parties," has resulted in
practically an even division of
votes, tho throe radical parties polling 820,000 votes and atl the other
parties 836,000 votes.
The dominant party in the new
city council will be the Social-
Democratic (Majority Socialist)
party which polled 343,947 votes
as against 288,386 votes In June,
1920, eleotion. The Communists,
who fiad a separate ticket for thc
flrst timo, drew 1G7.013 votes.
The radical loss was suffered by
the Independent Socialists, whose
voto fell from 633,667 down to
318,206.
Tho radical ipariios controlled
126 out of 226 seats in the old
ouncil. The now council will probably proceed to organizo Itsolf on
coalition lines similar to thoso of
the reichstag, whore tho extreme
radical and tho'cxtreme conservative parties form tho opposition,
whilo tho moderate parties, including tho Social-De mo crate, conduct
the govornmont.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the office and get
them.
Socialist Candidate Sure
of Election If Workers
Do Not Lay Off
Farmers'  Position  Was
Dealt With at
Duncans
If meetings are any guide, then
W. A. Prltchard, Socialist candidate
in the Nanalmo Electoral division,
ls sure of election, providing that
his supporters do not ret too confident and let the other fellows get
in their usual dirty work on the
day of election.
Starting on Thursday, the 17th,
Comrade Pritchard made a tour of
the northern end of the constituency. There are always turprlses
In election campaigns, but the biggest surprise of the campaign ln
the Nanaimo riding was met with
at Duncans on Thursday last,
where, an appreciative audience of
small farmers gathered to hear the
Socialist candidate, who analyzed
the position of the farmers. So Interested was the audience that at
11 p.m. lt was necessary to Inform
those present that the meeting was
over, but still hot satisfied, a number approached the candidate and
requested him to hold another
meeting, promising that they
would see that notices of the meeting were posted In the surrounding
districts. It was at once decided
to hold another meeting, and the
the theatre was engaged for .December 1.
On Friday a meeting was held at
Chemainus, whloh, while not u
large as that held at Duncans, was
well attended, and more successful
than one which was ealled by one
of the old political parties, which
had to be abandoned as there was
no audience.
Ladysmith was next on the list,
and on Saturday a good meeting
was held at that place, Sam Guthrie, M. L, A,, occupying the chair.
On Sunday, meetings were held at
Chase River, Extension and Nanaimo.
In spite of a bad cold, the Socialist candidate dealt most convincingly with the problems of tn.
working class at all the meetings
referred to. He analyzed and stripped all the promises of the ruling
class candidates of their camouflage
and pointed out that there was no
relief to be obtained under the present system.
At Nanalmo, Comrade Pritchard
was at his best. His address
was received with much applause,
and to make mutters more interesting, numerous questions were
asked, all of which evidenced the
fact that those present were deslr-
(Continued on Page 3)
£ PARTITION QF
liiin
Daily Herald Makes Attack on Appointment
of Balfour
German Industrialists to
Establish Themselves as
Economic Dictators
Berlin.—Stlnnes' organ, the
Deutche Allgemeine Post," after
calling the partition ot Upper
Silesia madness, warns Germany
not to respond by similar madness
and recusing to carry out her
treaty obligations.
"An end must be put to wasteful stale expenditures,^ it says.
"This can only be done by reducing the wages of the employes and
not holding strictly to the eight-
hour day. 'The Democratic German Stato has shown itself incapable of working the public services which must not bo run as
private  enterprises."
German Industrialists aro thus
using the Geneva decisions as a
pretext to establish themselves as
economic dictators of tho slate.
For some timo past Stlnnes has
been worknig to secure the denationalization of tho railways and
to get them under his own control. The present crisis offers him
an opportunity.
Tho -Vricrnlionl. t Trial
Many Inquiries are being mnde
as to when tho trial of Tho Federatlonist and tho editor, will take
place.' It was expected that it
would hove beon taken at the assizes, which havo Just closed, but
bb no indictment was placed before
thc grand Jury in proper time, tho
trial cannot be held until next
spring assizes, unless a speedy trial
before a judge ls sought by the accused.
Claims that Disarmament
Is Not the Object of
Conference
(By The Federated Presa.)
Chicago.—The (act that Arthur -
Balfour la the head at tile Britlah
delegation at the Washington dla-
arnament conference la proof that
nn permanent world peace can re-,'
suit from -Ita deliberations, accord--'
lag to a leading article ln the London Dally Herald, which haa just
reached here.
Commenting upon the selection
of Mr. Balfour, the Dally Herald,
claiming certain knowledge of the
man and his antecedents, saya:
That fact should surely dlsabuae
those amiable and trusting folk* '
who, having learnt nothing, and'
forgotten a great deal, atlll look
hopefully for a perpetual peace to
spring from the Washington palaver.
Mr. Balfour, cynical, oareless,
lazy, aa bellts the tradition of hla -
class, la above all a statesman of
the old school, a man of the men
who brought Europe to disaster in *
1914. The leopard does hot
change his spots, and Mr. Balfour,',
for all that he is an old man. Is
tho man who went to the Berlin
Congress in 1878, and who has
played a big part ever aince In
every diplomatic Intrigue.
'He, more than any othe. living.
Brltlrh man, ta associated not with
the limitation but with the fantastic
piling up of armaments, :
"President Harding, under pressure from that strange sentimentality which is so strong a factor
In even the 'l.rrd-boiled' politics of
America, may mean business, But
(Continued on paga 4)
TO
E
Australian Employers" to
Flood Country to
Secure Object
(By W, Francis Ahern)
(Australian Correspondent of The
Federated Press)
.Sydney, N. 8. W.—Employers of ,
labor in Australia are desperately
trying to flnd some method of
breaking down the present high
rates of wages and conditions of
labor in that country.
The latest cry Is that the country
must be flooded with immigration,
such immigration to be drawn from
Britain's unemployed. The employers with ono voice use the argument that thc country Is in danger
of attack, uud must bo populated
to repel invaders.
Just how ridiculous this argument is, will he seen from "the fact
that if Australia continued her normal pre-war immigration policy of
60,000 per annum, It would take 20
years before a million could be absorbed, without creating an economic danger in the country to the
workors already thore. If 100,000-
lmmlgrants per annum were
brought Into Australia, It would be
ten yenrs before a million would be
added to the population.
If this shows anything at all, It
shows that Immigration could not
possibly meet a threat of aggression
from Japan—tlio nation used by
tho big business folk in Australia
tn play havoc with tho fears of the
Australian people. Immigration
could not materially strengthen
Australia In the military or naval
sense for 20 yoars at least, and
more fenHlbly fifty.
But au inundation of unemployed
from Britain could wash tho trado
unions out of their trenches, and
almost utterly destroy their effective vnluo as defenders of the standard of living.
Tlmt in why the "more people"
cry is ho popular with employers.
letter Waiting
A letter from England, addressed
to Mr. Tom Collins, caro A. S. Wells,
editor B. C. Federatlonist, lies at
The FederationiBt otllce, waiting a
claimant.
Hyndman Dead
IT. M. nyndmnn, for many yearB
prominent in Socialist circles in the
Old Land, died on Tuesday morning
at tho ago of 79 years.
Society for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia
Dance and Bazaar
-WILL BE HELD IN TI1E-
FINNISH HALL, Clinton and Pender
SATURDAY, NOV. 26, 8 p.m.
$50.00 worth of prize, will bo distributed.   Everyone
purchasing a ticket will hnve a chnnce.
Gentlemen SOc
Good Music
Ladies 26c
*.ii. I'. I . mi. iiiiiiiii PAGE TWO
te-RTEE-m, year, no. a   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  vANcoimBt, b. c
frlt.DAY I November 25. l»*,i
W B.C. FEDERATiONiST
PuMiaeed ovary Friday moralng by Tht B. 0,
Federationlit, Limited
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-' ,'*      '     '   i
Unity of Labor; The Hope of the World
FRIDAY  ..November 25, 1S21
WHILE returning to normnlcy has
bcen a painful process for the industrial workers, occasioning unemployment
and a low standard of living, the farmers
have also been faced with further evidences of what prosper-
NOEMALCY ity means to them un-
AND THE der capitalism.    From
PRODUCERS the local press we learn
that Babson's statistical chart for the winter, indicates Western Canada is enjoying greater prosperity
than any other part of the American continent. From the same press we gather
the following figures;
The W. Sanford Evan! statistical
service gives some interesting figures
'   on this year's crop movement and the
notable decline in purchasing power
of the farmers. According to their figures, up to November 11 farmers had
delivered   132,022,412   bushels    of
" wheat, which- was  s41d  for  rather
more than $127,000,000.  At the same
date last year 109,000,000 was sold
for $234,659,775.  It would seem then '
'   that though 24,000,000 bushels more
of wheat have been sold   this   year
than last the farmer  has   received
$107,000,000 less.
* * *
With conditions such as these, where
greater productivity has resulted in a
reduced income, there is little to wonder
at in the farmers' movement, except its
limitations and objectives. It is at least
an indication that the agriculturists of
this country are beginning to see that
there is something rotten in the state of
Denmark. But farmers' movements as
such, be they political or otherwise, will
not solve the troubles of the agricultural
worker, Capitalism determines that the
greater the amount of wealth produced,
the greater the misery of the workers of
all types. Farmers are suffering because
they have produced too much wheat.
Shoemakers are without shoes or the
means to buy the necessities of life because they have produced too many shoes,
and the ruling class, which is the owning
class in soelety, is unable to dispose of
them, and has stopped production. It is
the same in all industries. In *faet it
cannot be avoided under capitalism.
• »"      ♦
The world's market is limited. It can
Only assimilate a certain amount of
wealth which must be sold before any
more commodities are needed. All commodities are produced for sale. They are
not produced for use. When the market
is overstocked, be it witiTwheat or labor
power, both being commodities, the price
of same must fall, and production of
wealth curtailed. Hence unemployment
in the industrial areas with lower wages
and lower prices for wheat because the
market is glutted. Thus we have a situation where'the greater the ability of the
workers to produce wealth, and the great-,
er the productivity of all classes of labor,
, the more intense the want and misery prevailing. Tet farmers and industrial
workers still cling to the idea that somehow, some time in the bright days to
come, prosperity will be their lotsjinder
a system which precludes the producers
from even filling tf eir daily needs and securing a bare subsistence. They form
parties and organizations which have for
their object the relieving of thcir misery
under capitalism. They never think of organizing for the purpose of bringing to
on end a system which can only give
greater insecurity and added misery 'to
the world's producers. They chase political bubbles, waste their energies in attempting to reform a system which cannot be reformed, and leave their masters
in possession of the wealth which they
Create and need, while the rich grow
richer and the poor poorer, Possibly the
prosperity or the return to normalcy may
have the desired effect, but so long as
capitalism reigns, neither farmers or any
other party can give to the workers those
things which they need. Their wants can
only be filled when they own and control
the means of wealth production and by
that ownership obtain access to the wealth
which they create.
PREMIER BRIAND of France, has
given the disarmament conference to
understand that the plans as laid down
and most generally accepted as to the curtailment of naval preparations, cannot be
applied to the land
"MORAL" DIS- forces. In other
ARMAMENT AND words, while he is
'"MORAL" FOBOB will.bg to see the
construction of capital ships restricted, he cannot agree to
any curtailment of land forces, Mr. A. J.
Balfour, one of, and perhaps the leading
British delegate, has stated that he can
sympathize with the position assumed by
the French delegation, which is led by
Briand. It might also be noted that the
two nations which the French premier
pointed out that the country he represented feared, were Germany and Bussia.
Qermany, however, is supposed to be
crippled both commercially and from a
militaristic standpoint by the Versailles
treaty. But it might also be noted that
France has been the most implacable enemy of Soviet Russia, and when these
things are taken into consideration, it can
be assumed that what France fears is not
. the actions of a capitalistic Oermany, but
of t Germany dominated by the working
class, just as she fears the Russian nation,
not because of her aggressiveness and imperialistic designs, but because of her<
working class government.
_ . .       ■
Mr. A. J. Balfour, head of the British
delegation, in reply, or should we say, in
support of Premier Briand's utterances,
says in part;
"It is because, in the language of
M. Briand, there has been, in maritime matters, a moral disarmament,
jnd it is on the basis of moral disarmament that the physical and material
disarmament is going to build. And
that is why we are hopeful about the
naval qaestion, and why are we lesB
hopeful about at least any immediate
settlement of the military question?
It is because, as M. Briand has explained to you, in that case there has
not been moral disarmament, because
we have no assurance, or because the
French government, who watch these
things closely, have no assurance
either in Russia or in Qermany that
moral disarmament has made the degree of progress which would make
material disarmament an immediate
pbssibility."
That naive touch about moral disarmament, is to say the least, illuminating from
the lips of a statesman, who more than any
other, has so often referred to Britain's
might. Well does he know that moral
disarmament is the scrapping of those
methods of warfare that are obsolete. He
also realizes that the coming conflict,
which is most feared by the internationalist capitalistic class, is not between any
capitalistic powers, but between the workers of the world and the international ruling class, consequently he can see the necessity, from a capitalistic viewpoint, of
maintaining an army or land force to prevent the rising of the workers in Germany
and their linking up with the proletariat
of Russia. With an alliance between the
German workers and the Russian Government, the present system would he itfdan-
ger. Bussia has already defied and defeated the powers of the capitalistic world,
but with the German and Russian workers
united on a proletarian mission, all the
powers of capitalism could not prevail, so we find that the French and
British diplomats are agreed on the
scrapping of armaments that do not
matter, and which for that reason
and because they do not interfere
with the moral ideas of capitalism which
are based on might, are useless. They
have also agreed on the necessity of keeping a force in existence which they imagine could defeat a combination of Russian and German workers, not because
those workers would attack France, but
because they would menace the power of
the present ruling class, and the profit
system. Morals, sure, the ruling class respect them, so long as they are in line with
the present system of exploitation. Morals and force are synonymous terms, The
ruling class believes in moral disarmament, so long as the power of that
class is protected, but to disarm so
that the workers could carry out their
will, never, did not the Lord ordain that
there should always be those in authority,
and has not the ruling class all down
through the ages-recognized that might is
right, and therefore moral, so we will have
'"moral disarmament,' 'and at the same
time, "moral force" to keep a subject
class in its place.
MR. HAROLD COX, speaking on war
and population at the first American Birth Control Conference, hold in
New York recently, took the position that
modern wars are caused by over-population. As the only means
BIRTH of securing peace, he ad-
OONTROL voeated the limitation of
AND WAR        offspring.  According to
a report of his remarks,
published in the New York. Call, he
stated:
That modern wars are caused entirely by over-population. He endorsed limitation of offspring as the only
means of securing peace. He estimated that, in 200 years, the population of fhe United States, at the
present rate of increase, will have
reaohed more than four billion, or
four times the present population of
, the entire world. England in 360
years, will have equalled the entire
world population of today.
"I contend that the peace of the
world and good will toward men is
impossible so long as we are too thick
upon earth," Cox said. "Progress is
impossible without room to live and
leisure to think and to be."
•       . • *
Another speaker at the same gathering,
James Maurer, president of the Pennsylvania Federation of Labor, referring to
the conditions in Pittsburg, the centre of
the steel industry, gave the following outline of conditions which prevail in that
city. He said:
"Pittsburg lost more babies in 1920,
in proportion to the births, than any
other of the large American cities for
which reliable records are available.
Its wastage of young life, for the
year, exceeded that of 17 cities of
more than 250,000 population, in the
birth registration area. The measurement of this loss by an infant mortality rate; the number of deaths of
infants under one year of age, per
1000, born alive, is 110 or one life out
of every nine. The death rate of working class children ia more than 100
per cent, higher than that of the rich,
in Pittsburg,"
. •     ■    • «
While capitalism does not provide for
the curtailment of the birth rate, it very
evidently, from the above figures, tends to
keep down the population. Besides the
mortality of infants, there is the never-
ending stream of victims of the present
system who are eliminated in industrial
operations either by diseaso or accidents.
The destructive forces of war also take
thcir toll of humanity and millions were
sent to their death in the last war, while
millions have since starved to death, and
others will do so in the near future. While
Mr. Cox maybe correct in his estimate of
the number of people that will be on earth
in another 360 years, the subject at this
time which is exercising the minds of tht
membors of the working class, is not one
of birth control, economic circumstances
to a large extent taking care of the birthrate, but one of how to sustain life. That
question settled, the people will then be
able to consider such questions as birth-
control and the creation of human beings
on a plane heretofore undreamed qf.
Infants in that time will not be condemned to death from the day they are
born, as they are in all large industrial
districts today, but will be given a chance
to develop into strong, healthy, mental
and physical men and women.
» * *
Over-population is not the cause of
wars, irrespective of the views of Mr. Cox
or any other faddist; they are the product
of the present system, as is the high infant
mortality of the large cities. Capitalism
condemns the workers to slum dwellings.
It condemns millions to death; it destroys
all that is worth while in humanity; it
prevents the advancement of science and
the development of humanity to its fullest achievements; it prevents birth:con-
trol, in faot it keeps the people in ignorance for knowledge would set the, slaves
of the present system free, consequently
even the elementary knowledge of the human body is denied to all but the rich.
Theirs is the power, even over the minds
of the workers. Once that power is removed, birth control in accord with the
needs of humanity can be discussed and at
the same time ways will cease; but if the
limitation of the world's population wonld
end wars, or even restrict them, then the
last war should have made it a remote
possibility at this time, as millions were
wiped out in that period of butchery, but
instead of that, it made future wars all
the more probable, as the press reports of
war preparations indicate. The only question of limitation at this time which should
appeal to the people is the limitation of
the power of one class to enslave another.
That question settled, limitation of families and also faddists could be attended
to. Meantime peace and goodwill cannot
prevail while one class is enslaved hy another, and the competitive system compels an everlasting struggle for markets,
even though certain people with a limitation of vision and knowledge, fail to see
any further than the end of their noses.
The prosperity of a wage slave is at sll
times circumscribed by the price he receives for his only commodity, labor
power.
Singh Men to
m$£  Get Relief Work
(Continued from pate fyjX_
Both party leaders oppose legislation
for an eight-hour day. So read an headline in the loeal press lasf Friday. The
article which followed showed that both
Premier Oliver and W. J, Bowser were as
one in opposition to this legislation sought
by the workers, and yet wc have members
of the working class who still imagine
there is any difference between tho old-
line parties.
effect that the unemployed parade
to the relief olllce and register. Another motion which received the
endorsatlon of the meeting waa
that In the event of the City Coun'
ell unemployed committee not taking Immediate action that the
resignation of Aid. Tlsdall as chairman of that body, be demanded.
The workers committee also applied to the Parks Board for tho
use of the Cambie Street grounds
for Sunday meetings during the
winter, and to tne chief of police
for permission to hold a parade.
The chairman of the park commissioners, Mr. Jonathan Rogera,
informed tho committee that the
commissioners had instructions
from the City Council not to grant
the permlsaion for the use of the
grounds until the City Council had
met on Wednesday morning. He
was asked: Have the commissioners the power.to grant or withhold the use Of the grounds? He
replied ln the negative. He was
asked lf the parks commissioners
were taking the stand that the
right of asembly for British subjects was abrogated. To this question he replied that they had no
authority.- He was Informed that
the actions of the park commissioners would be brought before
the City Counoll oh Wednesday
morning.
To the request for permission to
parade, Chief of Police Anderson
replied that he would withhold hla
decision until after the council
meeting on Wednesday, and would
give definite word to the committee on Thursday at 10 o'clock.
The City Council met on Wednesday morning as per schedule.
Relief Officer Ireland and tho chief
of police were present The unemployed committee was excluded
from this meeting, but after watting for an hour and a half the
members of that body : were Invited into the meeting hall to hear
the decision of the oounoil, which
was that the plans of the City
Council's committeo on unemployment plans Would be put into
effect. The plana are: Single men
to be housed ln Hastings Park,
where they will be requirei
work two days a week
hours at the rate,of 40c per hour,
out of which they will be expected
to pay 60 cents per day for
meals, and 20 cents per night for
:. Three paid city officials will!
have charge of the arrangements,
and these men will be expected to
act in conjunction with the workers' committee, but aa the arrangement to provide for the men
ooiild not bo operative before next
Tuesday or Wednesday, the unemployed were Informed that ln the
meantime they would have to depend on prlvateor public charity,
1 The delegation also took up with
the City Council the question of
holding the parades and moetlnga
i Mr. M. A, Macdonald, Liberal candidate
in Burrard, speaking at the Hotel Vancouver, in reply to the Hon, H. H. Stevens,
pointed out that there was nothing in the
Liberal Party platform which had reference to thc Royal Canadian Mountod Po,
lice. While we were aware of this fact,
it bears out our statement as to the objects and aims of the Liberal Party. It
might also be pointed out that the Liberal
Party platform docs not contain many
other things; for (instance, the perpetuation of the present system of wage slavery, yet that is what the Liberal Party
stands for, and consequently must bc in
favor of maintaining an armed force in
order to keep a subjeet class in subjection, for which purpose the mounted police activities were enlarged.   'Nuff sed.
The Minister of Trade and Commerce,
the Hon. H. H. Stevens, M. P., in the Hotel
Vancouver last week, made a statement to
the effect that if the Meighen administration was returned to power, the Royal
Canadian Mounted Police would be
kept on the job. It was hardly necessary
to give that information to a working
elass audience, so the Honorable H. H,
gave this tit-bit of information to those
who either represent ruling class interests
or think they do. It might be as well,
however, to point out that Mackenzie
King has never said that if returned to
power, he would disband that force, and
the stool-pigeons that have been associated with it in recent years. That would be
bad politics for the Liberal leader. One
thing, however, is sure, that no matter
whether the old bunch or the liberal aggregation is in the saddle, the workers
will be subjected to the same old espionage as during the past few years, only,
moro so.
There is lots of talk about disarmament
these dayt. In fact the daily press is full
of it. The Voice of Labor gives ub a jolt,
however, and calls us back to earth by
publishing the following passage from a
book written by Colonel Fuller, who is
credited with being an official of note in
tho British army:'
"Fast-moving tanks, equipped with
tons of liquid gas  .   .   .  will cross
tho frontier and obliterate every living thing in tbe fields and farms, the
villages and cities of the enemy's
country.   While life is being swept
away round the frontier, fleets of
aeroplanes will attack the enemy's
great industrial and governing centres. All these atatcks will be msde,
at first, not against the enemy's army
...   but against the civil population, in order to compel it to accept
the will of the invader."
The above, wc take it, is a pen-picture
of what is to prevail In tho "next war,"
and bear out the position of those who
havo doubts as to thc purpose of the disarmament conference in spito of the fact
that it has been decided to scrap a few
obsolete ships.
quiredV  to
of   eight
FURNITURE
O•** JL_r JUar
AT THE
Home Furniture Store
m—~^mm——^mmm—m—wmmammae—t—wm——^—»*mmm—wmmmamwm—mA——'—'
C* VERY article in the store is greatly
*-J reduced in price. If you need anything in the Furniture line, we advise
you to come to our store and view our
prices.
Remember, we are not giving away
the goods, but we assure you that you
will buy furniture very cheap, and
many articles at less than wholesale
cost
Home Furniture Co.
416 MAIN STREET Phone Sey. 1297
 4-l i ; —-
Ring an Mob* Seymour MM
Car appointment
Dr. W. J. Curt*
DENTIST
Butte SOt Dominion Bnlldlnc
VANCOUVEB, B. a
Mainland
Cigar Store
SIO OAltttALIi STREET
THB PLAOJR FOB PIPES
on the Cambie Btreet grounds.
Mayor Gale, speaking for the City
Counoll, atated that Mr. Rogera,
chairman of the park commissioners, was not speaking the truth
when he atated that they bad net
the power to grant ths use of
those grounds, as the parks commissioners had the sole authority.
The council also denied issuing any
instructions to the commissioners.
Chief of Police Anderson made
the atatement that he wae responsible for the withholding of the
permission for the use of the
grounds and had asked Superintendent Rawllngs to withhold lt ponding the meeting of the City Counoll, but seeing that the unemployed
could not be taken care of until
next week, he had no objections to
offer to their having the grounds.
The question of a parade waa
then taken Up. The only objection
to a parade being held was made
by Alderman Owens, who stated
that lt wsa a bad policy for citizens, no matter how hungry they
may be, to» advertise the poverty
existing ln Vanoouver. Mayor
Gale pointed out that there Waa
nothing to stop the "parade so long
aa the regular formalltiee were
complied with.
INTERVENTIONIST
ASSOCIATION EXPOSED
(By Arthur Thomson)
RECENTLY the metropolitan
press carried a prominent
dispatch from New Tork, in
which the Insidious propagandist
Amorican Association of Mexico
wailed about the way things were
going south of the Rio . Grande.
Now lt has come to light that the
"association" is made up of but
four Individuals, namely: Secretary
of the Interior Fall, TV. P. Buckloy,
Paul Hudson and 8. A, Smith,
sometimes called the "Four. Horsemen of the Epilepsy."
The "provisional chairman" ia
William V. Buckley, lawyer from
Texas, whom It seems amassed a
"comfortablo fortune by .--peculating ln oil leases" ln Mexico.
Paul Hudson used to be owner
of tii.'. late Mexican Herald. Robt.
H, Murray, writing in the Mexican
Post of Mexico City, says: "Mr.
Ht-dson holds himself in readiness
to assume contracts to hate Mexico
on long or short notice, at all hours
of the day or night, wholesale or
retail, no discount for cash." The
third party, Sidney A. Smith, formerly was employed on the Mexican Herald. V
I Secretary of tin. Interior Fall ls
pretty well known. His notorious
"investigation" of Mexican affairs
a couple of years ago, and his brief
for American Imperialism, known
as the Fall report,, have gained him
considerable publicity, and probably got him his present political
position ln Harding's cabinet. He
and Buckley are the controllers of
the American "Association" of
Mexico, with Fall as the "silent
partner." Robert Murray says:
"To a great degree, this curious
trl-headed monstrosity owes Its
conception to the displeasure of
Mr, Fall over the adoption of more
conservative, conciliatory policies
by the two organizations—the Potroloum Producers Association and
the National Association—which
up to then had been his best two
bowers ln his campaign against
Mexico.    This is adequately indi
cated by the following sub-blatts
taken from the flrst official blatt
eructated by the American Association of Mexico, under date of
Jan. 21 last, in which the birth of
the three-headed child was announced: 'We know that lt (the
programme of the organization^
coincides substantially with the report of the Senate sub-committee,
headed by Senator A. B. Fall and
consequently feel that'we are expressing the views of this champion of. American rights in Mexi-
The Psychology
of Marxian
Socialism
(By H. Kahim)
A   work   that   all   alu•'
should read. Can bf obtulned
from the
B. 0. Federationlit, Ltd.
Ml PENDER ST. W.
Price SOo Per Oopy, Post Paid
co.' 'Thla organization Unancad
the dispatch of an agent to Tamplco, Mexico, with credentials from
the Senate sub-committee to arrange to bring some 150 Americana
to Washington to appear before the
committee. . . . '" And these
three haters of Mexico during the
Fall "Investigation" of Mexican affairs were engaged ln "collecting
witnesses tor the Fall committee,
and polishing up their testimony,"
considerably "jpllohed."
Saya Robert Murray: "So behind
the American Association of Mexico we find, aa I have shown, only
Mr. Buckley, Mr. Hudson and Mr.
Smith, while ln their rear we discern Mr, Fall. Nothing could be
more transparent. Hence, when
the American Association ot Mexico
Watts It Watts for, at the most, four
Individuals. In reality lt blatts only
for two, for Mr. Hudson and Mr.
Smith blatt only when Mr, Buckley
and Mr. Fall give the signal to
blatt, the two former being merely
Third and Fourth Deputy Assistant Blatters,"
Patronise  Fed  Advertlze-S.
JUNIOR LABOR
.  LEAGUE NOTES
. Members and friends of the Junior Labor League spent an enjoyable evening last Friday at the
league's monthly social. The mock
trial, one of the features of the
programme, had to be adjourned
until this week, wtlh ahout half of
the case for the prosecution heard.
The meeting ls called for 7 p.m. tonight, Friday, Nov. 26, in order to
oomplete the trial before the busi-
' ness meeting convenes at 130 p.m.
A fujl attendance of members is
necessary as officers will be eleoted
for the coming year at this meeting, and other Important matters
will come up, including some Initiations, The meeting will be held at
929 Eleventh avenue east.
The Spartacans were defeated on
Saturday last In a well-fought
match with Boaconsfleld, the score
being 1 to 5. There is no scheduled match for the team this week.
Next Friday ovening the league
will hold the regular educational
meeting at 929 Eleventh avenue
oast at 8 p.m. All young people
are wolcome. The economic class
will meet Sunday, 8 p.m., ln the F.
l>. P. Hall, 148 Cordova west. For
Information regarding the league,
t-hoiie Fair. 1610 or Fair, 3023L.
h-.>..».tii>u|li|.i| |inn|..»i|in.tlltl| i
n.»_».>.i»i».i>ii>.i>.i».ii.nil| tn inin.miw
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
004 PENDER STBEET WEST
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
MONDAY—Kle Drivers. •
' TUESDAY—Workers' Couneil.
THURSDAY^-Plasterers' Helpers.
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
labor and Sooialist Literature, ln All Languages
FOR SALE AT THE
International Book Shop
COB. OF HASTINGS and COI/OMBIA STS., VANCOUVER, B. O.
Under New Management.
Prompt Attention Paid to An Mall Orden
IF IPS RUBBER FOOTWEAR
WE HAVE IT
'About 36 black jackets, in
small sizes, to clear..$_'.00
About 120 Dress Shirts,
separate collars; $1.75,
now .$1.45
50 pairs ot Men's Soft Finish Brown Pants: reg.
$7.50 for  StM
5 dozen Men's Brown
Ribbed Underwear Shirts
only .  -.-. 76o
W. O. &. R. b_- Arrow Col-
lars, for ..  _Mc
Men's Paramatta Waterproof Coats, from-...$5.pO
Men's Combinations, heavy
ribbed; regular $5.00
suit, now ..................$3.60
Men's Heavy Black Over-
all Pants $2,00
Men's Working Shoes, solid
leather $5.00
Men's Fine Shoes, Blucher
cat $5.00
Men's Rubber Boots, of all
shapes and sixes; No. 1
quality.
Special bargains in boys'
boots. Big saving on
these lines.
W. B. Brummitt
Iff and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
COAL
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NANAIMO
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OAHADIAX WOODAMD
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IT OORDOVA ST. W.
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MRS. H. WRIGHT, Pre*
Soymonr 778S-0
"FELLOW-WORKES"
0. J. Mengel
Writes all classes ol lnsnr.
ance. Repreaentlng onl/ flrat-
clasa Board companies. If Inaurance ia wanted, writ* or
phona Bey. 662J.
Offlce addreaa, Tlf Board ot
Trado Bldf., Vancouver, B.O,
Greatest Stoek ot
Furniture
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Replete fa every detail
41 Haatings Street Weat
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
IMS   SMtflt   SUMI
Bandar asrvlses, 11 a.m. ui T.I0 _ •.
Sunder sehoal Imao-lately followiaa
morning lorrlu. YTsdnesday leellmonlal
meeting,   a   pM.   ttae   »__!__   rata.
Ton may wlsli to help The Federatlonist Ton can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending In jhe subscription of yoar
friend or neighbor. ^^^
OOWAN & BROOKHOTJSB
rBDJTEBS, FUBUSBEBS, STBBEO-
ITMBS AMD BOOKBIMDBIS
112S HOWE STREET
Onion O-ldali, writo for prices.   Wa
 five SATISFAOTIOH.
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour whan sympathy and beat service count ae
muoh—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
US KINGS WAY, VANCOUVEB
Phono Fairmont U
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Haoe to Eat"
HASTINOS AND COliPMBIA S_
TBB value ta ltt public at telo-
phonc service Is bund on tko re-
liability, promptness snd accuracy
sf tbat serrloe. Quality of lerrlos
depends on. tba economio operation of
all telephone activities. From tbe
time raw mats-Ill is produced until
tbe finished equipment Is completo, it
Is a matter of continuous exhaustive
testa tu let tbe best. After installation, ceaseless vigilance Is maintained
to get the best character of eervice.
All eforla art directed toward tba
highest standard.
BBII1SH OOIiTJMBIA TEIdtFBONB
, OOMPAHY
BE SURE YOU OET
VAN BROS.
WHEN TOT.  ASK FOB
-CIDER-
and Non-alcohollo wines of aU
kinds
ONION MEN'S ATTENTION IfISII-AY™^ .WvemBer'Yo, HA'-
-rm
V_M&nv^mfc^«  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATiONiST vancqotii,
a. a
Dentistry at my new prices
is the greatest value known
What are good teeth wortht They're worth ever
so much more thsn the cost of dentistry whieh
will make them good. Worthwhile dentistry
costs so little when compared to the returns,
especially in thia day when dental methods are
ftr advanced, that nd other form of expenditure
( is connected with as much real value.
V Whon you see my work—and learn Its very moderate
coat—you will find the present a distinct opportunity
to have required work done, I will gladly give you an
estimate based on these new low prices.
My Standard
ts the highest, especially
thorough, Prevention of
pain and scientific diagnosis. Individual results
of expression work a particular specialty.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINOS ST. W.
Corner Seymour
PHONE SEYMOUR S»l
DB.  BEKTT   ANDERSOM,  fnuerly member of tbt VseaHy at tht
CoUeit at Deutlitrr, Uslmilir of Southern Ctlifortit, Leoturtr
oo Cwwn ud Bridftwotk, Dnaonitntor ia Vhtnmk tad Open*
tlft Dtn-Strr, Loot) and General Artteithoilt.
Vancouver Unioni
lANCOUVEB TRADEB AND LABOB
1 COUNCIL—President, B, W. Hatle|>;
IcreUry, J. 0. Smith. MeeU Srd Wed*
I.Bdfty etch month In tbt Pender Htll,
liner of Pender ind Howt Itreeti.
fhono Sey. 291,	
LLIED   PRINTINO   TRADES   COUN'
J ell—Meett   second   Uondty   in   the
|onth.    President, J, B. White; tecrt*
, R. H. Neolandt, P. 0. Boa 66,
UOKLAYERS AND MASONS—If yon
I need bricklayers or masons for boiler
Tories, etc., or marble setters, phont
ylchlaycrs' Union, Labor Temple,
__ NATHAN NATIONAL UNION OF EX-
■SERVICE   men   meets    second   and
Jurth Wednesdays of eaoh month, at 01
brdova fit W., at fl p.m,   Jaa, Farnham,
TBtary-Treasurer.
JmSBAL WORKERS' UNIT OF THE
|0. B.U.—Preaident H. Grand; secre*
Try, 0. 0. Miller. Meets 2nd and 4th
kdnaaday in each month In Pender Hall,
Jrner ot Pender and Howe Streets.
|one Seymour 291.
ITKRNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
TiMociation, Loeal 88-62—Office and
\ 152 Cordon St. W. Meett firat
I third Fridays, "8 p-m. Seeretary*
Murer, T. Nixon; business agent, P.
kelalr.	
IMBBR WOBKERS1 INDUSTRIAL
lUNION OF CANADA—An Indus-
1 onion ot nil workers In log*
t and tonatructlon camps. Coast Dis*
1 and General Headquarters, 81 Oor
Jt Bt. W., Vancoufer, B. 0. Phont Sey.
p8. J. M. Clarke, general n-srotary-
wurer; legal advisers, Mesars. Bint,
Monoid ft Co., Vaneoow, B. Oj andl-
.. Vessra. Buttar ft Chiene, Vancou*
_b. 0.__■	
DEBATED SEAFARERS   UNION   OF
'   C.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
j_lon    of    British    Colombia—Westing
jfct. fint and third Wednesday of each
fnth at 108  Main   Street.    President,
in Carlln;  Tlee-preeldent, J.  Whiting;
retary-treasurer,   W.  DonsldBOtt.    Ad*
is, 108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. 0.
taria   Branoh   Agent's   address,   W,
acts, MT Johnson St., Victoria, B. 0.
OTHEBHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
■atora Ud Paptrhangen   of  America,
wl  188,  Vanconver—Meet* 2nd and
Thursdays at  118 Cordova St. W.
foojs Sey. 8491.  Business agent, B. A,
■Pker. 	
|B. V. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD*
i Bridgemen, Derrtckmen and Biggen
_. faaconvtr and vicinity.   Meets every
Inday, 8 pM„ In ti. B. U. Hall. 804
ftder St. W-   Preaident,  W.  Tucker;
ftnelal aeoretary and business agent, 0.
person.    Phont ^Seymoar 891.        _
SfXblAN   SOCIETT~bF  CERTiriED
TEAM ENGINEERS LOCAL   No.   2,
' WeBtninsttr, meets every first and
1 Friday in tha Labor Tomple, Royal
Turin.—The economto program
of action of the Communist Trade
Union Committee find* approval
with an ever increasing number of
trade organizations. The ahoe-
makers of Milano, the metal work-
era of Biella, the rallwaymen- tn
Novl Ligure and the members of
the Labour Chamber ln Plnerolo
have recently voted for the acceptance of the Communist trade union
program.—Rosta Wien,
Yon may wish to help The Vtf-
erattonfct. Yon can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending in the subscription of yoar
Mend or neighbor,
Avenuo and 7th Street. Engineers supplied. Address Secretary, 1040 Hamilton Street, Now Westminster, B. 0.
Phone 608Y.
bTKKKT AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, Rev 101
—Meets A. 0. F. HaU, Mount Pleasant
1st and 8rd Mondaya at 10,15 a.m. and '
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarka
Drive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
447—Oth Avenue East; treaaurer, E. 6.
Cleveland; flnanclal-secretary and bull*
nesa agent, W. H, Cottrell, 4808 Dum*
fries Street; office oorner Prior and Main
Sts.   Phone Fair 8804R.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 826—
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, 0. H. Collier; vice-
president, B. H. Gough; aeoretary*
treaeurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 88,
WORKERS' COUNCIL, VANCOUVER,
B. 0., meets every Tuesday evening
at 8 p.m. In the 0. B. U. Hall, 804 Pender St. W. Secretary,. E. Horsburgh, Ponder Hall. >
THE   NEW   WESTMINSTEB   BRANCH
of tbt 0. B. U. meets oa ths third
Wedneaday of every month.    Everybody
welcome.
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA. B. 0.    «
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADEB
and Labor Connell—-Meeti firat and
tklrd Wedneadaya, finlgbtj of Pythias
HaU, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Presidont, 0. Biverts; vice-president, R, Elliott; secretary-treasurer, K. S. Wood*
ward, P. 0. Boa 808, Victoria, B. 0,
PRINCE RUPERT, B. 0.
PRINOE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
Council, 0, B. U. Branches; Prines
Rnpert District Fisheries Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferous Minors' District. Board,
O.B.U. Socreory-treasurer, P, 0. Boa
217, Prince Ruport. *
tet Twsnty Tun we Uvt issued this Union Stamp fer use nnder onr
| VOLUNTARY ARBITRATION CONTRACT
oro stamp nraoBM:
Peaceful Collective Bargtlulng
Forbids Bsth StrUm sad Leckouta    .
Ols.utes fettled by Arbitral!--
Steady Employment and Skilled WortmantUp
Prompt Deliveries to Desists aad Publlo
Peace and Success to Workers and Employers
Prosperity of 8__e M__i_g Communities
Aa loyal unioa mea aad women, wa aak
yeu to demand oboes bearing the above
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole or Lining.
SOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
BU SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS,
acollls Lovely, Oeneral Prealdeat    Charles L, Bains, general «e;,-T-«_»,
■Fresh Ont riowars, rnneial Designs, Weaning Bouqueta, Pot Planta
Ornamental and Shads Tree*, 8eeda, Bulla, rioriats' Sundries
Irown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AHD NtTBSBSTMEN
J—STOBEB—»
III Hutinga atnet Bui 728 Orantllla Strsst
Tlarmow B88-S7S Sermonr MIS
USIOH MADE
MJJ Loggers' Boot
KaO ardors personally attended ts
I Guaranteed to Hold Caulke and ___• Thoroughly Watertight
lacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to B. VOS 4 SOM
«S CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANOOUVER, B. 0,
Neit Door to Loggers' Rail
Pkone Seymonr SM Repairs Done While Ton Wall
[ade in Vancouver
For more than thirty years Cascade Beer has
[been made in Vancouver. Its best recommenda-
ftion is that during that time more Cascade has
[been sold in B. C than all other beers combined.
Vancouver beeweries
Limited
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
Labor n*\V**-*
Fjgures Are Checked
i
.(Continued trom nn <>
COAST DISTRICT
The bosses campaign of grganl-
satlon ts battening t» show eigne
ot bearing fruit; evidences of the
growing discontent ara showing
themselvea from time to time;
every letter received from a camp
atates that the slavea are beginning
to get restlesa under the lash that
the bosa 1. wielding unmercifully. I
At one time, the conditions in the
camps ware uaed aa aa example of
what organization could do for the
workera. Now the master claaa
is using the eonditlons ot tha logger, aa a club over the heada of
other staves ln order that theae
alaves too ahall have their atandard
of living. lowered; the latest In-
stance being the caae ot the B. C.
Electrio Railway Co. la tlieir negotiation, with their employees.
Thia company ia using the excuse
that because the logger, have had
their wagea reduced by at leaat SI
per cent, the atreet ear mea ahould
also auKer material reductions.
< It matter, not to thai company
that th. lumber baron, are Mopping at nothing, no matter how
despicable, to accompllah thalr
enda; all thay are looking for la an
excuse to out the wagea of their
employees, and tha fact Of the loggers being reduced more than any
one else, givea them a good excuse.
Tha unfortunate part of the
whole matter ia, that the loggers
should have let their organisation
get ln auch a atate that they should
bring auch intolerable condltlona
upon themselves.
It la true that the bona logger haa
made a determined attempt to
crush the Lumber Workera organisation; he haa created a blacklist
that la aecond to none; he forbida
men to get together ln the campa,
and in many Instances fl.es men
who have the temerity to act as
camp delegates, but the ruling clasa
of Russia did the same, and where
are they today?'
Thoae interests who are so anxious to bring the workers to a state
Slater';
Free Delivery Vancouver, South Van-
couver, Burnaby, Ebnrao, Polat
Orey and Eerriidals
' 'et abject alavery mdd lo well te
remember that like causa, brine
about like e«eots, and yo« can't
plant thtetlee and expect te gather
geranium*
Tho workers will ultimately rebel agalnat eaeh Intolerable condltlona, and sitting on the aafety
valve will not prevent tha inevitable revolt, aad the workera will
not rlae becauae eome Idle agitator
telle them to either: they will rise
because they will art be able to do
anything else,
It the boss will aot allow the
camp-worker, to meet ln the regulation manner, waya and meana will
have to be found .to carry on er
ganization work underground, the
workers ln the camps are up against
the sams proposition that the work'
era had to face In England years
ago. The worker, there did not
give up, and lf we are to aoeceed In
making our life worth living, we
muat not give up, either.
It ia absolutely essential that we
start the new year with a strong
nucleus of an or sanitation, tn order
that further reductions shall not be
put Into effect, which la what will
happen if we do not take atepa to
prevent it.
If wa start off with a good organisation, ire will be able to raise
our standard instead ot having to
accept a lower one. Thla queatlon
cap only be settled by the loggen
themselves, and lt la up to them to
get busy and build up their organization by every meana in their
power.
The convention call will be Issued
next week, and every week until
the- convention la held In January,
and during that time lt behooves
every active member of the organization to get buay In order to make
thla convention a success; it will be
a mass convention, but any camp
that desires may send a delegate,
and there Ib yet time to get a good
representation from camps lf everybody will get In and hustle. Thet.
fate of the organization will ba
aealed in the opening montha of
next year, and a determined effort
will put the organisation In . the
position of being able to make the
conditions ln camp once more flt
for human beings to live under,
Let us, therefore, get In and dig,
and put Hicks and hia blacklist
where they belong.
Ws Aro ths Ham, Batter aad Bgg
Kings
PBESH KBAI DEPABTMENT
No. 1 Steer Fot Roasta from, lb...lOe
No. 1 Steer Oven Roaata from, por
lb „  tSl-Se
No. 1 Steer Boiling Boot trom, lb...»c
Mo. 1 Stew Boneless Stew  Beef,   I
lbs. for «_e
FORK PORE       VFORS
Ws bare reeolved aa extra large
consignment of our famous Pork
Shoulders. Ws are able to ro*
tail them at a muoh reduoed
eost.   Priee for Friday and Sat*
nrday, lb. M 1-20
They only weigh from 4 to S lbe.
Nothing liner for yonr Snnday and
Monday roast.
Legs, lb. _
Loins, lb.
Prime Teal Shoulder, lb. .
Prime Veal Slaw, lb. ......
...900
...160
STOP
Wo aro headquartera for Prima Steer
Boneless Rolled Beef Roaata In eats
from 3 to 10 lbs. Special, par
lb. 11 1-20
Prime Lamb Lege, lb. . 29 1-20
Prime Lamb Loins, lb. . .26c
Primo Lamb Shoulders, lb 160
Primo L_mb Stow, 8 lba. for....260
-LOOK
Do yon want to put away aome extra
. ehoioe Alberta Dairy Butter for the
winter!   If eo, we have it on eale
on Friday and Saturday   ln   tubs,
average BS lbs., epeeial, lb. 810
It will pay yoa to bave a look at this
bntter.
On sale on Saturday, our Famous Alberta Creamery Butter, A. for any
table, from 7 a.m. to 11 a.m., 8
lta. lor  11.11
Our Finest Alborta Creamery Butter, 3 lbs. for .11.80
On sale Saturdar, T a-m. to'
      11 s.m.	
Slater's Famoua Red Labol
lba. for ———.	
Tea,    8
.....11.00
Slater'a Famous Highland Sonde,
aaok, delivered  61.86
Slater's Sliced Baeon, _0e, ite, 60s
per lb.
Slater'a  Famone  Rolled Ayrshire
Baoon, 8 lbs. for 11.00
Slater'i Cooked Pigs' Feet, 8 Ibe. 260
6
Royal Orowa Golden Weet
boxes for  —..—.—..
Soap,
—31.6
An le be kai st Slater's d Big Stores
128 Hastings Strut Baal   gey. 3281
830 OranviUe Stmt
8210 Main St.
1101 Oranvllle St.
Bay. 166
Fair. 1163
Say. «1_9
Ooma early Friday sad Saturday and
avoid tba Bub
Leaf Lard
15c.
Women's
Ailments
CONSULT
Laura Flynn
Specialism
X-Ray and Electro-
Tlicrapcutlata
709.11 lIOLDEir BUILDING
1« Hastlnga Street East
Phono Sey. 5*IM>
WANTED
The address of Brick Henrlck-
aon. Any one knowing hla preaent
whereabouts, communicate 'with
the Coaat District aeeretary, 61
Cordova atreet weat, Vancouver.
His brother ln the Old Country ia
asking for him.
A Reply te P. F.
Comrade:—
In your Sept llth Issue of the B.
C. Federatlonist a letter appeared
from Mr. P. F. Howden, expressing
disappointment with my answer to
a certain question put at the close
ofl my address by one of the audience. He alao evinced a dealre
for further Information on the sub-
Jest.
I have much pleasure In complying with the request of Mr.
Howden with regard to both
points. I fear Mr, Howden Is
somewhat mistaken aa to both the
question and answer, as he will, I
hope, admit atter due consideration.
The wording of the question was
this:—"What process of evolution
must tlie farmers go through before they are ready for the cooperative commonwealth?" It will
be seen that the queatlon, and consequently the answer and the further discussion on the matter, all
centred round the point of the
farmers' present attitude and degree of progress, and not as Mr.
Howden Infera with his status after
the revolution.
That this la ao my answers clearly establish, I Bald, flrstly, that
the farmer as a rule ta reactionary
indlned. It la a well-known fact
that the farmera' sense of private
proprietorship la tremendously
greater and out of all proportion
with the property that he possesses
and actually owns,
Secondly, that unlike Russia, the
workers in Canada are probably
as numerous as the farmers (I had
no figures handy at the time) and
lt was ln thia connection that I assumed they would be 50-50. Thirdly, I said that I was of the opinion
(and here let me say that this It
my personal opinion, and there
may.be room for disagreement on
this point), that Canada cannot become Socialistic without the United
States, who own ao much of our
Canada, and aa the United Statea
la unquestionably overwhelmingly
Industrial, wa need not fear the
farmera' reactionary Influence, Not
a word was said by me as to the
farmera' status after the revolution.
As far as to whether the farmer
will be coerced or not ln the future,
under a Socialist regime, I frankly
admit that I do not know. It seems
to me that the amount of coercion
that may be necessary to safeguard
the revolution will depend on two
main factors. Firstly, the completeness with which the workera
will defeat their hereditary one-
mlea, and the extent of the revolution, that la to say, ln how many
countriea lt will take place simultaneously.
It mnst be evident to everybody
that the weaker the victorious proletariat will feel Itself, the greater
the coercion, and on the contrary,
the stronger and more decided the
triumph, the leas there will be need
of strong measures.
In conclusion, I would say that
class-consciousness Is net the exclusive monopoly of the workers,
and though the propertyiess worker
(s liable to realise the situation
much quicker than the farmer, yet
I' do not see any reason why the
farmer should not come Into the
ranks of those that are striving to
bring this day of emancipation
nearer.
I trust that Mr. Howden will continue to frequent the F. L P. meetings and will ln future put hla queations right on the spot and ln person,   Tours faithfully,
A. J, LIPSCHITZ.
Oet ycur workmate to subscribe
for The Federatlonist
contplalaad many tlm^e to the
government at Ottawa that theae
Sgurae were not as exact aa they
should be, and that meant a great
deal to <the employen of labor,
therefore an arrangement had been
made aome time ago, whereby a
amall committee consisting'of Mr.
Neill bf 'th* Manufacturers' Aaao-
clatlon and Mies Outterldge had
met In Mr. Bulger*. oAce and gone
over thea* figures before submitting them to Ottawa, Thla ha*
been worked very satisfactorily and
there ha. been no neceaalty to complain of tgaccurate figure, being
submitted after th* flgure. were In
print
Most Intereat tag
Mr. Cottrell; "Wall, Mr. Chair,
man, thl. I* th. meat Intereatlng
thine that I've ever heard with regard to the Vancouver figure* in
th* -Labour Oasette.' It meana, to
aay the least about It that there ta
aa Influence being brought to
bear- on theae Vancouver figures
that would bring them down to a
aatlafactory minimum from.- th.
companye paint of vl*w."
Mr. Murrin: "I hop* you don't
mean that th* eompany bas
brought any Influence to bear upoa
these figures."
Mr. Cottrell: "I'don't have to
aay Jt Mr. Sarin* ha* told th*
story and ha aaya it mean* ao much
to ua. Now, Mr. Chairman, I have
wondered why,, for inatance, th*
rent* In Vancouver were quoted at
the exact flgure of 111.00 for a six-
room fully modern houae (rent)
and.$28.00 for a semi-modern six-
room house, whereas. In most of
the Eastern cltlea they are quoted
a* from }30 to Ut or US to |50,
and you ar* bound to take- the average with an advantage to the
company* flguros. It la no wonder
that the flgurea can be made to.
aay that the cost of living in Vancouver la lower than In cltlea In
Eastern Canada,
Thla la a serlou* matter to every
worker tn Vancouver, and I maintain that wltb auch an Influence
being brought to bear on Van
couver figures, that they are not
worth the paper they are written
6n for purposes of comparison, unless such a system ia also at work
ln other cities.'
Mr. Murrin: "The company haa
had nothing to do with thla and It
la .Imply for the purpose of correcting clerical errora."
Mr, Cottrell: "But I understood
Mr. Savin* to say "We," meaning,
I take It, the British Columbia
Electric Railway Company and the
Manufacturers' Association."
Mr. Seville:    "Oh, no;    I
"we" meaning "we the manufacturer*'"
Mr. Cottrell: "Well, even at that
the Influence la there and that la
the main point1
The Chairman.; "Of course, Mr.
Cottrell, we do not know but that
the aame argument* are made ln
other cltlea; it la only reasonable
to Suppose that something similar
would be done ln th* way of checking theae figures."
Lower), Wages
Mr. Cottrell proceeded to ahow
by a chart baaed upon the average, eoat of living of sixty Canadian cltlea that taking the wagea
paid and the food and necessities
that could be purchased with them,
and going back as far aa
1813 instead of 1818, a* the company had done, that they were actually receiving a lower wage
through the succeeding periods
than before the war, and that there
was no question that, considered
on the basis of purcahslng value,
that there wns certainly no case
for a reduction ln wages at the
present time. Charta were also
put ln as exhibits copied from the
Labour Gazette showing that taking food, fuel, light, rent clothing and sundries Into consideration, that present prices were still
64 per cent, higher than ln 1913.
Mr. Cottrell, continuing the case
for the Street Rallwaymen on
Monday, called on Mr. W. Ford,
car repairer, who outlined the work
of car repairing, and made comparisons with car repairing on the
steam roads,
He stated that he had, while on
military service during the 'war,
visited most of the railroad shops
ln Canada, and he could say with
certainty that the work on electrio
roads was much more Intricate and
required a greater degree of skill
than on steam roads, where all
electrical equipment was bandied
by electricians.
Mr. Cottrell pointed out that
even with the recent reduction on
steam roads, the car repairers on
same were receiving more pay than
the B. C. Electric Railway Co. men,
and yet the company la seeking a
reduction of 15 per cent
With regard to the comparison
which the company had made with
wages paid in other cltlea, these
were not fair, and the wages and
conditions were only comparable In
the aame city.
Mr. W. Harrison was called with
reference to traok maintenance
work ,and described the work they
were called upon to do, block-paring, stone-paving and general track
repair work. He waa questioned
considerably regarding the amount
ot time lost through Inclement
weather.
Mr. J. Anton was called by Mr.
Cottrell, ao that the board would
have a better Idea of the work of
awltch tending, etc. He waa also
questioned by the board as to the
adequacy of the wage paid to maintain a family and atated,' that he
found It waa aa much aa he could
do to make his wage go round, and
he certainly did not consider that
they were extravagant
In sumlmng up th* can* for th*
men, Mr. Cottrell took one by
one the different clauses which
the company objectod to. Regarding the question of time and
one-halt fer Sunday, he emphasized the fact that this had been
granted by a conciliation board In
1818 and has continued in the
agreement up to the present time.
Amicable arrangement* had been
made with the company since the
sitting of the lut conciliation
board ln 1919 and has continued
in the agreement up to the present
time. Amicable arrangements had
been made with the company
since the sitting of the last conciliation board, and the question of
extra pay for Sunday was never
raised. Mr, Cottrell considered this
clauae had fairly established Itself. It was a fair clause and a Just
clause, and ba annealed   to   th*
board not to tak* this from th*
men.
Mlataum Wage
Regarding the minimum wage,
Mr. Cottrell went deeply Into tbe)
condltions under whieh thla guarantee I* obtained. He btated that
« monthly wage would not m«et
the situation, as men would have
to be at the beck and call ef tb*
company at all times.
The spredd-pver he claimed wa*
a result at aa amicabl* arrangg-
ment with tha company. Thto
eiauae wly *_t*ct* 8» per cent, of
the run* and some run* paid only
a fraction of an hour. This was a
very fair clause and ahould be
continued. Regarding the box time,
Cottrell claimed that the evidence
submitted ahould Justify the continuance of this clause. It was not,
aa stated, box tlm*, so Ute company's contention that It should
not be paid because of the fact that
the amall tare boxes had been discontinued, should not count. Different klnda of tickets had to be
purchased and change procured,
which took up a considerable
amount of time.
Regarding the tlm* allowed for
making out coupon reports on
Westminster lln**, it waa'pointed
out that th* making .ut of these
reports waa outalde th* regular
work and ahould be paid for.
Overtime
Dealing with th* Question of
overtime for ahop, barn and track
men, Mr. Cottrell quoted from the
agreement, ot 1611 aajt 1111,
showing that tlm* and one-halt and
double Ume was paid at that Ume,
It was an established principle,
and helped to maintain the 44-hour
week. Mr. Cottrell alas atated
that the wage, received at th* present were merely sufficient to maln-
teimn a family providing no unfor-
aeen expenses were Incurred:. a
case ot aickneas would at Ume*
Place a family In debt for yeara
He placed an exhibit before tlie
board showing that expenses Incurred by som* membera during
the   paat   year   for   medical   at
tendance, hospital bills, druga, eto.
(including loaa ot wagea), varied
trom one hundred up to a thousand
dollars. He aaked the board to
consider the hardships that would
have to be borne by these families
before these amounts were paid off.
He wished he could portray the Interior of the' homes In which the
families lived who were In receipt'
of a wage that allowed for merely
an existence, and the interior of the
homes ln which a little happiness
was brought to the wlvea and chil.
dren by the receipt of a reasonable
wage.
.Mr. Cottrell also atated that
could the chairman picture these
different homes, he (Mr. Cottrell)
was confident that the chairman
would not conalder that the men
were receiving any too. much at
the preaent time. He expressed hla
thanks to the chairman, alao Mr.
McCandlea* and Mr. Pettlplece for
the consideration they had shown.
He stated the men had prepared
and placed their caae before the
board as well as they were abfe.
They had' no elaborate means of
securing data and presenting statistics. They had made the most of
the means at their disposal and
the consideration shown by the
board had ta a great extent helped
in the presentatluo of the case.
The chairman ln replying atated
he wished to congratulate Mr. Cot-
trell_and colleagues on the clear
and able manner ln which the oase
had been presented. He realized
that the men had not the means
at their disposal that the company
would have, but the evidence had
been submitted In a very clear and
concise manner. There had been
no unnecessary loss of time and
the matter at Issue had been adhered to.
Pftf-fi TftBtti
* -*j*e_T*m*Z-mOm*m% ^*>Vmam&Ja9rmMr'm-'
s=mmmm*am*
ojtxmtttux&awi
.asA-
tattptettottim
and Parwtalaa Palais of Flaw,   By 1	
-William Moatgoasery Browa, _>J>.   Its •)
ReeoameadeAlene: taaieh tbe Oods (rasa I
aTfc^tiwa1.-..
■__(»»!** * TablUhod, Ootober, MM,
Seveaty-FUik Thawed now ready. Pp. u£;
Cloth Edition, p« Lux*, H.00\ nj, gu, edlttoa of MM
copies Is « Ok atom** gtft *o the ■.■___■ tetania* la Roasta.
Every copi aald means a whet* doUaa- to i|as*tt fad tnach _dW
«:\r,_£t_--$tf%t iwsss.**'x taw"" -«'
Wi!'* *iimirealist, ma., i«s peadw n, m.. ▼**_*»«, _u,
•an-'—Tratfc * *niaHi **** to tu* *** sre**"* «**** *» •» ■*•-
T. O'Connor to
Speak it the Royal
(Continued from Page 1)
paat few years, ^ho had clamored
for legislature In th* Inter**!* of
th* working class. It waa oaly possible for the worker* to alleviate
their hard conditions of lift whea
they pons-wed political control. The
real movement tor progreaa waa to-
ing made by thos* who had a knowledge of th* law* governing social
lit*. In th* spreading et (hi* knowledge lay the only hope ot working
das* salvation.
The nut apeaker waa ). D. Harrington, th* hardest worked maa
of th* campaign. Opening hi* addreaa with an illustration showing
the peculiar attitude ot mind maul-
teetrt hy th* human animal
throughout the agea. Th* ability
to "kid" himself, and the ea** with
which th* unacrupuloua can 1m-
poa* upoa him. Is, however, much
greater now than In any previous
age: Th* present election campaign
la proof of thla Trivial incldenta,
uninteresting records of peraonal
characters,_vague and meaningless
slogans are being used to attract
the working claas voter. The apeaker referred ta a recont utterance of
Lloyd Oeorge, in which he atated
that unemployment In England was
wore* now than at any time during
the last hundred year*. Here waa
something worthy ot working clasa
attention, signifying aa It did, the
further and Inevitable collapse of
the present social order. The crisis
that overtook Russia In 1817 waa
capable of being repeated here.
The same condition* ln principle,
the same types of humanity, responsive to similar appetites and
emotions. The task of preparing
the minds of the workers for that
which they alone could settle, was
of paramount Importance. The
revolutionary movement needed the
beat efforta of the best men and
woman of the working class.
Oh Sunday, T. O'Connor will be
j|...iiuiiiiiaiiiii-iiniui.j. ii.ai .    _]_,.
Wa auk* latin' OaimaaM
MfW Mm ts ▼wcouvw-
—th* cowl la at. I* aad
needs'any
gely     __ta__aa     Oases.    a__-____B
iTaileii    f*"'   "M*-   rr.:. *■
litlTr. isiir   ,__-im „___
^*s aww e—asa^^aaaw*^ mmt
Us ttta
*Sm-t
Famous
Oleak * Mt Oo,
^,«tfmff.w-»"'a^-JI|>
th* apeaker at th* Royal theatr*.
Campaign   meeting,   during   tha
week aa follows;
Abardtea school, Friday, 25th.
Somlalod Ball, Monday Nov, tl
rltannla High Bchool, Wedneaday, Nov. II.
■ i ii'i'-'     i      ad
Pritohard Has Good
Meetings on Island
(Continued from Pag* t)
\
ou* of getting more Information oa
the working claaa position. B. W.
Ellis, ot Viotorla, offlcial electlea
agent wa* with thd candidal* oa
thla trip, and Mose* McGregor, also
of Victoria, assisted. Comrade Sills Is more than satlaflod with th*
proapecta, and feels assured that tf
the, workera do not become overconfident and lay down on the Join
that Pritchard will be elected *a .
Dec. I, and for th* flrst tlm*, a
revolutionary SociaUst will be Met
from Vancouver Ialand to Ottawa.
The greatest assistance tbat tb*
readen of Tb* Federatlonist oaa
render as at thla time, 1. by _ecar-
tng a new snharrlber. By doing aot
you spread the news of the working claas movement and assist as
What   about   your   neighbor's
aubscrlpUon?
U. S. Imperialism
Exposed by Agent
(Continued from pa go i)
not conflict In my,opinion. We
were thore to see lhat no Irresponsible government came Into
power which would cause complications for the United States."
"Halt! stands at our front door,"
goes on the witness. "It ls at tbe
entrance of the Caribbean and controls the eastern entrance to the
Panama Canal. We cannot permit
any European country to obtain
influence or power ln the Caribbean.'"
Germans, it seemed, had craftily
evaded the Haitian law against
ownership of land by aliens marrying naUve women and holding
the land ln the name, of their
wive*. Germans had 96 per cant,
of the foreign trade. The Oerman
government might seize the country as an incident ot the World War
and use lt as a propaganda centre
for Latin-America. Hence, and because France threatened to act, the
United States landed ltd forces. It
used the partial excuse of "political
chaos"ln Haiti, but political condltlona were than no different trom
auy time for many year* paat.
Cole had hard luck with hla
government Firat the Aaaembiy
refused to declare war whon Washington desired lt to lino up with
the Allies. Then It refused to revise the constitution on lines laid
down by the State Department.
Three points in tho proposed revision were! First, that aliens be
permitted to own land; second,
that aliens be given not only diplomatic protection but equal protection with citizens ln the courts;
third, that all acts connected with
the American occupation be legalized, thus preventing the bringing
of damage suits for losses sustained
by Haitians, And when at last he
dispalred ot the Assembly, he sent
Colonel Smedley Butler, backed by
gendarmes and an Illegal decree
of dissolution signed by D'Artlgue
nave, and ordered the Assembly
to disperse.
"I forbade the dissolution ot any
news of the dissolution, or any
comment on lt by the press," said
General Cole. "I fined one editor
who violated the order there three
days afterward. I believe the author of that article was the Dr.
Horaux whom I had counted upon
aa our best friend?'
Hatred of Americans was virtually unanimous, the witness con
ceded, and he conceded that even
D'Artiguenave waa probably disloyal to the American occupation,
Martial law must continue tor a
generation, or until American Institutions have been firmly Implanted ln Haitian Ufa
Alwaya look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases.
LEST WE FORGET!
(Continued from Page 1)
Both ud Dourasoff, two ot (bo Mortt agents
of tht mounted polios operating in Vanoouver,
were alto exposed ln the Federationist. One
of theae men wu arrested for rape in Saskatchewan, although acquitted by the magistrate, before he joined the
mounted police. This man on the witness stand at hia
trial here for perjury, arising out of the mythical "revolution" he had discovered in Vancouver, while on oath denied that he had ever been charged with auoh a orime, and
later, alio on oath, admitted the accusation. The other,
alao before joining the secret aervice branoh of the
mounted police, waa arreeted for bribery under the military service aot, waa tried at the assizea, but waa acquitted on a technicality; yet theio men were trusted
agents of the mounted police secret aervice department.
Such men swore the liberty of their fellow men away,
and yet the premier haa the audacity to appeal to the
workera on the ground that the preaent government ia
againat class rule.
Liberals may attempt to oae theae facta againat the
government to secure power, but let it be noted, the lead-
era of the Liberal party were in the Houae when the legislation allowing for the deportation of Britiah born per-
Bona waa paaaed. They never protested; neither did they
protest againat the hounding of innooent men to gaol by
the degenerates employed by the mounted police secret
aervice department—men like Zaneth, who gave evidence
againat the workers tried at Winnipeg, who admitted that
when necessary he lied to aecure his objective. Men who
scoured the districts adjacent to Winnipeg to aecure a
jury which would convict, no matter what the evidenoe
presented. In no place ia it recorded where Mackenzie
King, leader of the Liberal forces, raised his voice in pro-
teat againat auch practices. He could not, for the government waa acting in the interest of the class which it rep-
resented, and Mackenzie King also represents the interests
of that clasa when its power ia threatened, irrepeotive of
the fact that he is in opposition to one group of that olasa.
The issue of the election ia a claaa issue. For the workers there ia no choice between the preaent government
forces and the Liberal party. They both represent the
ruling clasa interests. Tariffs an none of the workera'
business, They are scheme* of the ruling clus devised
to proteot claaa interests, and while many workera will
imagine that they will aecure work if high tariffs are in
foroe, while others drum of low prices if low tariffa prevail, their position u wage workera will in no particular
differ, no matter which party holds the reigns of government, and their clus position will not be affected by a
change from the present regime to one presided over by
Mackenzie King. Tho aame forcea of oppression will be
used by either to support the present system of society
and the class which lives on the exploitation of labor. The
aame stool pigeons, the aame agents provocateurs, and
the degenerate secret agents, will be employed to hound
to gaol those who voice the needs of the working class and
by bo doing undermine the preaent reign of robbery
under tho guise of tho wage system, no matter which
party ii in power. The issue ia dear: A vote for a working class candidate who understands the position of that
section of society and ia able to expose the nature of capitalistic governments, ia at leaat a protest againat the clau
nature of the governments of the eountry, and • reoog-
nit_on of tho faet that both Meighen aad King represent
the claas ownership of the meana of woalth production
and the enslavement of the working olaaa. PAGE POUR
-'--\-Tit-Sintti YEAK.     MU. **i
IHE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopybb, a »
FRIDAY. ■■■.■.November 25, _»_
I
;
An Item
trom the
great
DICK
SALE
MAIL ORDERS
Bend la jour orden
with measurement of
*nn ud chest, ilio
height. Indicate fabrie
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tent' expren free on
receipt of price nnd
giaranteed.
Now for |
the I
BigCoat*
The one pictured here ia a
grey Irish frieze, with patch
pockets, raglan shoulders,
shawl collar and belt. This
ia a dell to wind and snow
and weather. It is a coat
that wu bought to sell for
$50. Others in thia group
are of melton, chinchilla and
tweeda. Colon and a few
bluea. Some velvet collars.
The prioe for An/t mm
this sale is bteefeiv
Then there are, among other
groups, one with belt or half
belt, in tweeds and friezes;
slash or patch pockets; velvet or self collar.   Value
$80.00. $19.75
Many others priced for
the sale at tl C 75
upwards from... *•'"
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mum
45-49-aat-yat
MU)
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Order Tour Pnir Now
The "New Method" Shoe Making
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337 OAKRATjL STREET—Just a Step from Hastings
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For VICTROLAS
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Walter Galloway
185 HASTINGS ST. EAST (Between Columbia and Main St.)
Federal Election
1921
VANCOUVER CENTRE
A MEETING HAS BEEN ARRANGED
BY THE
Socialist Party of Canada
DOMINION HALL
November 28th
at 8 p.m.
SPEAKERS:
MAYOR GALE
LIBERAL CANDIDATE
TOM O'CONNOR
SOCIALIST CANDIDATE
OF VITAL IMPORTANCE TO THE
WORKERS OP VANCOUVER
Unemployed Are
Turned Down
(Continued from page 1)
The report of the committee be
ing put to the meeting, was
adopted, after which the following
resolution was introduced and
adopted:
"Whereaa, the only way that the
unemployed can bring to the attention of the exploiting clasa of Vancouver their poverty and misery, is
by parading as a solid organized
body of the unemployed ,and in
this manner proving to the exploiting class that they Intend to have
their poverty-stricken conditions alleviated at once."
It was also moved that a parade
be held from the Fender Hall, on
Sunday next, starting from that
point, and ending at the Cambie
street grounds for a mass meeting.
The question of holding thc parade,
if permission could not be obtained,
was also raised, and the vote showed that the large majority was in
favor of holding the parade in any
case.
A discussion then took place as
to whether the candidates for Vancouver Centre should be asked to
address the meeting to be held on
the 27th, during which the committee reported efforts had been
made to have the Hon. H. H. Stevens address the meeting, then being held, but that they had failed
in their object. It was also reported that Mr. Stevens bad stated at
the Hotel Vancouver that there
was no unemployment ln Canada to
speak of; there were a few in Montreal,* few in Toronto and none
in Winnipeg. He also stated the
unemployed were usually drifters,
and thero were only a few who really wanted work. He also stated
that the people had to get it out
of their heads that the government
had to provide work for the unemployed, and stated that the government was there to conduct the
business of Canada,
It was finally decided to nsk nil
candidates for Centre Vancouver to
speak on Sunday, Nov. 27. It was
also decided that atl single men unemployed should appear at Relief
Officer Ireland's offlce at 10 a.m.
on Monday. The meeting then adjourned.
Out out the above, fill in the amount you are willing to
give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist,
Ltd., 342 Fender Street West, Vancouver, B. C, The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to "be
made.
ACKNOWLEDOIflENTS:
A Friend       2.00
N, J. Taylor      2.50
D. Campbell  ......:.._...     1.00
Previously acknowledged ....$463.62
C. R. Dickson .....:...... 5.00
G. A. h. Broadhurst  2.00
G. Lindstrom   3.00
Prince Rupert Central Labor CouncU  25.00
Campbell   Bros.,   Cumberland, B. C  20.26
Ukrainian Bene. Asso    27.00
Thos. Hughes        2.40
H. M. Perkins       1.00
$554.87
Changes Place and Time for Study
of Evolution
Dr. Curry is moving his study
classes back to the F. L. P. hall,
148 Cordova atreet west. The
meetings will be held on the 2nd,
Srd and 4th Wednesdays of each
month, and will be from 8 to 9.S0.
Subject this doming Wednesday:
"The Materialistic Basis of the
Universe." Questions and discussions.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
Oakland, Cal.—The Western'
Worker, a Communist weekly published at intervals during: the past
two years by J. E. Snyder, at pre-.
sent undor indictment on a charge
of criminal syndicalism, and P. B.
Cowdery, has been Indefinitely suspended.
Coinox-Albcnit Riding
Mr. 3. Armlshaw, who is running
in the Comox-Alberni riding as a
Farmer-Labor candidate, had a
goo.d Meeting in Powell River last
Sunday. There fs no Socialist candidate ln this riding, although
efforts were made to secure one,
but the constituency Ib so large and
scattered that no candidate could
be found with the time to contest it.
.Toe Knight to Speak for C. IS. V. X.
While in Vancouver, J, Knight
met the secretary of the C. N. U.
X., who requested him to speak for
that organization; finding that he
had a vacant date, he consented,
and wlU give an address on the
Red Army of Russia, on Friday,
Dec, 2, at 8 p.m., at 61 Cordova
street west.
J. Knight on Dec. 4
Arrangements have bcen made
for a meeting In the Royal Theatre on Sunday, Dec. 4, under the
auspices of the Russian Red Cross.
J. R. Knight will be the speaker
and tho meeting will commence at
8 p.m.
Try your nelgnbor for a subscription.
Toronto, Nov, 21.—-Walter Arnold, William Conn and Chris.
Nicheff were given theh" freedom
on suspended sentence by Mr. Justice Riddell in the Assize Court
Saturday. They were charged
with Issuing seditious publications
on May Day, last year, when they
distributed a sheet printed in red
at a meeting at Queen's Park.
Topeka, Kan.—The Kansas Supreme Court has just handed down
a decision in which Judge Curran'B
demand upon Alexander Howat
that he make bond for $5,000 that
ho would not violate the Industrial
Court Law is upheld.
Seattle.—Anna Louise Strong,
Federated Press staff writer and
associate editor of the Seattle Union Record, known to thousands of
workers for her "Anise" verse, Is
"well on the road to recovery," according to a telegram-cable received by Dr. Sydney Strong, her
father, Tuesday morning.
Miss Strong has1 been seriously
111 ln the cholera-swept Samara
district of Russia, according to
meagre reports.   ,
was entered against the bringing
in of immigrants from other countries when there was not enough
work for the local unemployed.
The Alliance of Labor is communicating with various labor bodies, in
Great Britain and Ireland apprising them of the true position as lt
exists in New Zealand^-
Sydney, N. S. W.—The Motherland Endowment Scheme, already
noted In The Federated Press, is
now being, passed through the State
Parliament of New South Wales.
It is being supported by all sections
of political thought.
Seattle.—Local street car men
have joined in a nation wide move
instituted by the Amalgamated
Street Railway Employees' Union
demanding the release of Eugene
V. Debs from Atlanta penitentiary.
At the recent convention of tho
street railway men, held in Atlanta,
every locat in the country was
urged to take action.
Pittsburg, Kans.—Reports have
come from Howat headquarters
that the leaders ■ of the Kansas
miners will head a national labor
political party on tho lines of the
British Labor Party immediately
after his release from the Cherokee
county jail, where ho is serving a
six months' term for violating the
Induetrial Court Law. Howat has
not yet published a statement in
regard to this.
(By The  Federated  Press.)
Wellington, N. Z.—At a conference of New Zealand trades unions,
convened by the New Zealand Alliance of Labor, a strong protest
Seattle.—An emergency call has
been Issued by the Central Labor
Council for all affiliated unions to
take immediate action demanding
a new trial for Sacco and Vanzetti,
labor men who wero convicted of
murder recently In Massachusetts,
The two men are victims.of another
"frame-up," says the council.
1 MAJESTY
OF THE LAW
Justice Is Tempered With
Mercy to the
Rich
(By The Federated Press.)
(New York Bureau.)
New York.—Mrs, Marie feouten,
29 years old, of Mount Vernon, a
suburb of New York City, has been
sentenced to two and one-half
to five years in -State prison in
Auburn for forging a check for
$15. Mrs. Bouton pleaded guilty
to the oharge. She passed the
check on a grocery store to obtain
food.
Mrs. Bouton was not a university graduate. A university graduate who only a tew weeks ago got
drunk here and tried to shoot a
policeman was dismissed by the
court with a rebuke. He was not
even prosecuted for carrying a re
volver—which ls a crime ln New
York State.
Neither was Mr. Bouton-a. mem
ber of European royalty. A man
Who was—or was once—a member
of "royalty," a count in.- fact, still
more recently was paroled by the
court here after he had passed a
bogus check for $180; the sum be<
ing almost ten times as much -as
that for whtch the Mount Vernon
woman must serve two and one;
half years in prison.
Nor did Mrs. Bouton have any
Influential friends to plead for-her
In court. When the university
graduate and the former count appeared before the tribunal of "j
tlce" the judge in each case listened
respectfully to statements which
were made in extenuation of their
offences.
San Francisco—Byron Porker,
latest attorney for Tom Mooney, is
following up his unsuccessful attempt Tocently to secure a new trial
on the plea of audita querela, by
filing a brief with the district court
of appeals. The motion for appeal
of the writ of audita querela takes
the form of a 200-page brief, setting forth the entire history of the
Mooney and Billings cases.
London—In response to the anti-
waste campaign the Ministry of
Health recently deicded to cut
down the 50 per cent, state assistance for local grants of milk, free
or at cost price to necessitous mothers, to 6 per cent. In consequence ofthe widespread oppositiowjsiave been running only part time.
to this experiment in "economy"
the ministry has decided to restore
the original 50 per cent, grant.
Bridgeport, N. Y.—Jasper Mc-
Levy, veteran trades unionist and
Socialist candidate for mayor, received nearly 2000 votes as compared to 460 cast two years ago for
the Socialist candidate. A, S.
O'Brion.
Large'numbers of men and women in. Bridgeport havo been out
of work for months. Many factories are entirely closed, and others
(By the Federated Press)
Seattle—Every Seattle union will
be asked to contribute $5 to a fund
to be handled by Rena Mooney'to
carry on the flght for the release of
Tom Mooney and "Warren K. Billings before higher courts, the Central Labor Council has decided.
DONT FORGET
Joe Knight
NEXT WEDNESDAY
On "THE REAL RUSSIA"
-IN THE-
TRADES HALL
Broad St., Victoria, B. C.
Under the Auspices of the Society for Technical
Aid to Soviet Russia
Wednesday Next, Nov. 30th
at 8 p.m.
Tell the Others and Bring 'Em Along
Sastri  Represents   Government, But Not the
People
(By the Federated Press)
New York—"The Right Honorable" Srtnivas Sastri, designated by
the British government to the
Washington arms parley as "India's delegate,"' ts fn fact no such
thing, according to The Republican
India, published here by the Friends
of Freedom for India. Tbe Republican India published a Btatement
by Syud Hossalri," former editor of
the Allahabad Independent, and
India, the official organ of the Indian National Congress In London,
expressing amazement that Sastri
should have made the statement
that he was to attend the arms parley "solely as the representative of
the Indian people." The statement
continues:
"No one knows belter than Mr.
Sastri that he has no sort of mandate from the Indian nation to
speak on its behalf.. 'He Is a representative of the government, but
certainly not of the people of India.
He does not even belong to tbe Indian National Congress, which is
the only constitutional body that
can speak with authority in the
name of the Indian nation, nnd
which nt the present time has declared, for non-co-operation with
the British government. He cannot by any means speak In the
name or on behalf of the Indian
nation.
According to S. R. Romanjt, Indian financier of the Parses community and a follower of Gandhi,
Sastrt has been "so discredited that
I make bold to say that no leading
ctty in India will give him a public
hearing. In these circumstances,
lt is farcical that he sohuld pose
before English audiences and'clnim
to speak ns a representative of India. No nominee of the govenment
of India, prince or peasant, can
speak with any pretense of reality'
in the name of the people of India.
... It would have been far better If India had remained Unrepresented at this conference.
The Republican India then quotes
Mrs. Kamala Mukerjl, the only
Hindu woman revolutionist ln Am
erica, as declaring "Sastri is an
open enemy of Mahatma Gandhi
and our beloved motherland. He
no more represents India than Benedict Arnold would represent America."
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CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
j milTED
The Men's and Boya' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Clean-up of Odd Suits and
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• _\. DUUA LIU*     Vancouver, B. 0.
LONDON LETTER
Partition  of
China the Issue
(Continued from page 1)
Presidont Harding will be even
more helpless than was his predecessor in the hands of the accomplished intriguers of European and
Japanese diplomacy,
"It Is not a dlarmament confer
ence at all. _
"It is—the fact cannot be too
strongly emphasized—a conference
on the questions raised by the
economlo partition of China.
"If you doubt that, ask why Bel-
glum has been invited, Belgium
is not a Power suffering from the
"intolerable burden of competitive
armaments." Belgium has not a
torpedo-boat or a corporal's guard
within thousands of miles of the
Pacific. But a Belgium syndicate
owns tho Pekin-Hankow railway,
"The partition of China, not the
peace of the world, Is the great
Issue.
"On the Issue.America and Japan
are In definite opposition.
"Other question will be raised.
The Americans may talk about an
'Association of Nations' as a substitute for ihe League. The French
will try to lure the United States
Into some kind of anti-German alliance.
'Bui the great theme will be
China—and Siberia.
"It will not be disarmament,
"That Is the essential point. All
thla fino talk Is just the throwing
of more dust In our eyes,
"As a contribution to the causo
of universal peace, the Washington Conference does not matter a
row of beans.
"Peace will net come through
any partitioning of China. It will
not come through any—carefully
guarded — limitation   of   arma-
m *< ni *."
By Evelyn Sharp.)
(Federated Press Stall Correspondent.) -
LONDON, Nov. 2.—The Russian
note of this week, offering to
recognize Czarist debts on
certain conditions, chief of whtch
are. the calling of a general peace
conferenco and the recognition of
the Soviet republic, has been greeted by a large section of the capitalist press as a surrender by the
Soviet republte.
They flnd it convenient to forget,
perhaps, that as far baek as 1919
the Dally Herald published peace
terms brought back from Moscow
by William Bullitt and refused by
the Allies without consideration of
the peoples, in which the recognition of debt and of status were
made interdependent. What will
happen now ls debatable: the most
lroftic element in the situation ts
certainly the fact that the new
offer comes at a moment when it
has been suggested that all international debts be cancelled as the
first step towards tho reconstruction of society.
General Bernard Shaw, In a letter'advocating the Russian Famine
Relief Fund, writes: "Personally,
I agree wiy* Dr. Nansen. But What
can one eccenttrc playwright and
one Arctic explorer do against a
nation in which a million and a
half have no employment except,
to watch their own children starving, governed by the operation of
a soulless International machine
which none of them understand
and whioh is carrying us all to the
devil." Shaw puts his finger here
nn more than the prime reason for
tho comparatively small contribution towards the international famine fund from British labor.
That labor Ir awakening everywhere, though slowly, to a sense of
the connection between economics
and foreign policy, Is seen evt'ii
here in their attitude towards the
government's tinkering proposals
for meeting the unemployment
crisis. They know how the fall of
tho German mark, occasioned by
the Silesian decttdon and the mad
French demands for indemnities,
is filling the Hamburg shipyard?
with foreign orders to be executed
by'German cheap labor and emptying the British and American shipyards for tho same reason, though
they are equally aware that this
lack of unemployment In Germany
is not benefitting the underpaid
and underfed German workmen,
but the employer of the Stlnnes
class.
There ls more connection than Is
porhaps obvious between the awakening consciousness of labor and
the Indignant repudiation by the
Parliamentary Labor Party of the
"Twopenny Levy" Bill, aB It Jb
called, which, by means of a twopenny leyy on all workmen tn employment, as well as on the employer and the sUto, a miserable
pittance Is to be piovlded for a
short time for th* wives and children of the unemployed workers.
Af a protest, the wholo party
marched out of the houso last week
during the second reading debate.
The bill, of course, passed the second reading and will become law,'
thanks to the tame coalition majority, But, as Jack Jones said when
he marohed out of the house, lt Is
a victory "won over starving children."
The report just Issued by the
small labor delegation who recently visited Egypt reveals what was
already known to Informed persons
In this country, that Adly Pasha,
with whom the British Government
is now negotiating here, does not
in any sense represent the Egyptian people. Zaglul Pasha does,
as the delegation found in their
Journeys throughout Egypt last
month.
No  ono,   remembering   Ireland,
1 'can fall to see the wisdom of
advice to negotiate with
Egyptian leaders at a moment w
Egypt Is still a comparatively i
pie proposition, The Egyp
question Is yet at a stage when
honorable setlement could
reached without much difficult
the disastrous policy were drop
of negotiating with a man who
presents only a small minority
the people.
WANTED
Anyone   knowing   the   wh
abouts of J. A. Cook please
munlcate with Mrs. C. R. Sutl
land, 804 Pender Street West, V
couver, B. C.
(By the Federated Press)
Seattle—Japanese labor is gn
ally organizing and growing ■;
"unruly"   despite   the   fact
Japan Is the least hit by Indus-
depression of any of the nation
the Far East, according to H.
Smith of Pittsburgh electrical^
glneer, who has been doing el
neering  work  in   the  Orient™
years.
Hand your neighbor this eopl
The Federationist, and then!
around next day for a subscript
Eureka Tea CJ
.    607 DUNSMUIB STBEST
Tteth Bowled Coffee DiU;
Tees ud Coffee 3 lbs. for 11 end!
MANITOBA HOTEL
BARBER SHOP
Solicits Your Patronage
FIRST-CLASS  SERVICE
O. Henson. I'ron., BO Cordova W.
Good Eyesigl
Is an Asset
To bold "a msn'*. job" these ill
requires every faculty In its ml
efficient state. Poor eyesight la
distinct handicap, It Is not juil
matter of seeing plainly, but f
seeing without unnecessary strrl
I mako a specialty of correct I
optical defects, wltb properly I
lusted glasses at very moderl
charges. I
e. richards]
OPTOMETRIST AND OFTICIil
Bluer Loutlt Ud,      I
23 HASTINGS ST. WZSTl
(Opposite Pentoses Tbeetre)!
WHEN IN TOWN STOP i
The Oliver Rot
48}5 CORDOVA EAST J
Everything Modem
Rates Reasonable
Auto-Knitting Mttch _
WANTED AND FOR SA
Lessons Given.   Socks Retool
Remodelled
a J. McEVOY
128 Gore Ave.* Vancouver, j
■ ■:•- ■■
.» •-,
RWaltoi
PROFESSIONAL MASSEUBl
Specialist  In  Electrical Treatmca
Violet Ray and High Frequency!
Rheumatism,  Sciatica, Lumbago, J
alynis, Hair   and   Scalp   Tnttnul
Chronic Ailments.
910-311 CABTEB-OOTTON BI
Phona Seymonr 2041
198 Hastings Stntt Wut

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