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The British Columbia Federationist May 28, 1920

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Statements in Press Are
Misleading and Not in
Accord With Facte
. Strikers Appeal for Funds
to Carry on the
In spite of press stories to the
contrary, the strike of miners in
the Slocan district Is still on.. The
members of the O. B. U, are standing pat ln spite of the fact that the
mine operators have ait become organizers for the International
Union. Misleading statements as
to the settlement with the International have also appeared ln the
press, as there are only twelve men
working In the whole district, according to advice received from
Secretary Roberts, who also reports
that the terms offered to the International does not represent the
Increase granted, and white the O.
B. U. members who have settled
with the operators of some of the
mines at 50c per day increase, they
are not paying the some rate for
board as demanded by the operators from the International.
Thc strike committee has Issued
the following appeal for funds:
"Miners in the Slocan district
are out on Btrike for better conditions and a living wage, since the
1st of May. The condition that the
miners.ln this district are working
under are the worst in the Province
of British Columbia.
"The officials of the International
Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter
Workers, (better known as the W.
F. of M.)( have allied themselves
with the mine operators, and aro
searching all over Canada and the
United States for strike-breakers.
In this they have failed, and the
miners are more determined now
thnn ever to win.
"The mine operators and the International stool-pigeons have declared war on the O. B, U., and no
doubt you have-seen the same in
the capitalist press. The men in
this district are determined to flght
for their right to belong to any organization they see flt. The International Union has about 6 per
eent. of the men working tn this
district, but still the mine operators
and the International officials insist that they shall dictate to what
organization the other 95 per cent,
shall belong. Therefore, there was
no otber course open to us but to
flght this to a finish.
."But in order to make this flght
a success, finances are necessary.
and bb we have depleted our treasury In donating to others'in their
time of need, we are appealing to
you for flnanclal and moral assistance.
"Send alt donations to T. B. Roberts, secretary-treasurer, Drawer
K, Sandon, B. C."
Moscow.—A suggestion that all
street car traffic be made free has
been made to the Petrograd soviet
by Its executive committee.
Lumber Workers at Buckley Bay and Comox
Also on Strike
The strike at Cottonwood Camp,
Cowlohan Lake, hns been settled
upon terms satisfactory to the
men. Details of settlement have
not yet been received.
Th e S wan so n Bay men are
standing solid for their full demands.
The Masset Timber Company's
mill nt Buckley Buy Is still closed
owing to the Btrike. The men came
out 100 per cent. There are sev
era! camps operated by tho same
company ln the district und reports aro to the effect that the men
are very dissatisfied with the conditions.
All camps of the Comox Logging
Company at Courtenay wont
strike on Tuesday for a 50 cents
per day raise.
The foreman of Norton's Camp,
Ram Island, took a joy ride alone
last Sunday. He had raked together a crew for hla camp and
arranged to take them up in a gas
boat. The news leaked out, and
en Sunday morning the boat was
picketed, and as soon as tbe men
found out that the strike was not
settled, everyone of tjiem refused
to go scabbing,
The Dollar camp at Union Bay
will of course remain closed until
the compnny conforms to the provincial and union requirements.
Along the G. T. P. at Usk, Kenny
Bros., the Royal Lumber Company,
and the Kteanza Company camps
are out to maintain the eight-hour
KomloopB district convention
Will be held June 19.
Cranbrook district will hold a
meeting of camp delegates on June
20 to arrange for the business of
the July general convention. Their
district convention will also be
held in July.
The millworkers' organization Is
progressing strongly throughout
the district, some mills being particularly well organized, due to a
great extent to the work of active
delegates on the job, but moro particularly to the recognition by the
workera that only through the organization are they likely to improve their conditions. I
Third Annual Meeting of
Local Branch F.L.P.
on Tuesday
The speaker at the Federated
Labor Party meeting in the Royal
Theatre next Sunday, will be Comrade Tom Richardson, ex-M. P.
for Whitehaven, who can be relied
upon to give an interesting a'lid in-'
structlve address on the world situation. Comrade W. Bennett will
occupy the chair. Five-minute
talks and questions after the address. Meeting commences at 8
p.m.   Doors open at 7:30,
The literature committee wtll be
well (Supplied with an excellent
stock of literature on Sunday night,
More copies have been obtained of
Wilfred Humphries' pamphlet,
"The Structure of Soviet Russia,"
which was sold out in leas than 10
minutes after lta flrst appearance
three weeks ago. Another book is
"History of the Winnipeg Strike,"
a 800—page book full of the facts;
that will sell for 30c, This is a defence fund publication. Copies
have been obtained of an article oh
"Reconstruction," by J. S. Woods-
worth, which are being quickly
bought up. The committee has a
good variety for sale, but the three
mentioned are new and worth getting and distributing. More converts to Socialism are obtained by
the printed word than by any other
method, and it Is the duty of the
clasB-consclous worker to read and
pass on his literature to fellow-
The third annual meoting of
Vancouver branch Federated Labor
Party, will be held next Tuesday
evening, June 1, in the party room,
706 Dominion building, at 8 p.m.
Tho start of a new year means an
important meeting at any time,
and as there are many matters to
come up on Tuesday, a large attendance Is* looked for.
Finns Help Defense
The Finnish workers of the O.B.
U. In Vancouver held a defense
dance on the 24th, as a result the
Defense Fund has been swollen by
the sum of f41.46. The youngest
unit of the O.B.U. In Vancouver
has not ben long in showing where
its sympathies are, and unlike
some of tho organizations that do
a lot of talking, these workers have
demonstrated that actions speak
louder than words.
as soon as you change your address.
What about renewing your sub.?
Preparations Being Made
for Another Showdown
With Militarists
London — The »Kapp-Luettwitz
militorlst coup in .Germany struck
at a time when the workers had
perfected sfoither policy nor organization, and were thus unable to
assume the reins of government,
says M. Phillips Price, Berlin correspondent of the London Dally
Henatd, In'a recent article. Since
the March revolution, he says, several new allignments In the German parties have appeared, wliich
point to the possibility of victory
for the workers in the next crisis.
The Independent Socialists, because of their unwieldy and undeveloped forces, could not take advantage of the strategic blunder of
the counter-revolution, and left the
initiative wholly in the hands of
the trade unions, and the Majority
Socialists, the "Right" groups.   As
result, a new Sociulist middle
block has come Into existence,
stretching from the lower public
officials (Beamtenbund) to the
Kautsky group of Independents,
and the Majority Socinlists. This
group Price describes as primarily
parliamentary, and bearing a close
resemblance to the Kerensky clement during the March, 1917, revolution in Russia.
The new "Left" alliance as de-
scribed by Price, comprises the Independent Socialists, and the Communist Party, from which has split
a new group, the Communist. Labor
Party, which seeks to win a Labor
government by shop committees,
factory councils and a new Industrial union, founded in Hamburg,
and callod the Workers General
Union. The factory councils,
which are appearing In most industrial centres have, since March,
been able to function legally,- and
since they have been created, partly for political purposes, they form
the chief support of the Dauemlg's
Independents and of the official
"The split in the Communist
Party must not be taken too seriously," declares Pflce. "It signifies #. difference, not of principles,
but of tactics. It may be presumed
that when the Prussian military
counter-revolution strikes again,
the threo revolutnonary groups,
Dauemlg's Independents and old
and new Communists, will be. able
to form a common -fighting front."
i..».|.«-«.ni,«f ini.i,.i..t..t.t,n.n„».t»ti,|..>.|.|iiii.».>..t.l|li|in i i |niinimn..t—.'•■.^"•■iii» »"»"* !■'* l[»«n«iii '«.itii*ni
Will Attempt to Lower tie Standard of Living
****** «««**« ****** ******      S ******* ******* *******
in Order to Reduce the inflation in Currency
C. P. R. Official Intimates That Czeko-Slovaks May Be Used to Offset "The Labor Shortage."—Manufacturers Urged to Reduce
Staffs So That Labor Market May Be Overstocked
SOME TIME ago the Federationist published extracts 1 rom a confidential report sent out byan American financial
institution. In this report it was suggested that it might be necessary to close down the large plants throughout the country in order to bring labor to time. During the week, a meoting of the Manufacturers' Association,
held in the City of Vancouver, was addressed by a banker.,. We bave been informed that this individual advocated the
reduction of the number of men employed by the different interests, so that a largo number of men would be thrown
on the labor market, and wages reduced. It was suggested, that by this method production would be cheapened, and
the inflation taken out of the currency. In the Vancouver Sun;/ on Wednesday, Mr. Grant HaU, vice-preeident of the
C. P. R., is reported as stating "that another matter that"was to be decided by the Dominion Oovernment was the proposal to absorb some of the Czecho-Slovaks shortly to pass through Vancouver on their way east, to help out the
labor shortage." These Czecho-Slovaks are prisoners from Siberia. He also intimated that the C. P. B.
would not be able to complete this year's projects because ef the impossibility of getting sufficient workers.
That such diabolical tactics can be advocated at this time by bankers and large corporations, when many are idle,
and large numbers of returned men are unable to obtain work, would appear to bc almost inconceivable. Tet, when
the two statements—the one of the banker, and tbe other of thc representative of the C. P. B.—are compared, it will
be readily seen that the intention is to bring about, if possible, a lower standard of living for the workers of this country. If the men who toil in this fair Dominion have red blood in their veins,, they will organize to resist as far as
possible the diabolical designs of the vested interests of this country. The men who fought for democracy are certainly getting it, and getting it in the neck.
Europe Seething With Revolt While Diplomats
Stand Helpless
AVinnipeg Labor Candidates
P. J. Dixon, Rev. William Ivens,
F. G. Tipping and W. A. James,
will be the Dominion Labor Parly
candidates in tlie coming Provincial elections lor the Winnipeg
scats. There are ten seats In Winnipeg, and the Socialist Party of
Canada wilt also run a number of
candidates, amongst which will be
W. A. Prltchard, R. B. ItusselJ,
Dick Johns and George Armstrong,,
now guests of His Majesty at the
prison farm.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when you are through with It.
Workers in All Lands Are
Looking to a Soviet
[By Paul Hanna]
Washington—Another red wave
that may put the working class ln
power from Warsaw to Gibraltar In
the next few months, is forecasted
by official advices now accumulating at Washington.
Censorship is the only agency
that still functions at the command
of Western Europe governments.
Behind the temporary screen the
dissolution of the old order proceeds at a gallop. Outstanding
Items in the budget of official information gathered here are these:
Soldiers and diplomats look for
Poland to burst "Uke a bubble o'er-
blown," after the great drive in
which hor armies huve penetrated
the war-wastes of Ukrania without
landing a single serious blow on
thc Red army of Russia. Behind
the Polish army food riots are developing rapidly, and the known
bread supply is less than enough
for two weeks.
American commissioners report
that the four little "republics" lying in the Caucusus Mountains between Turkey-Persia and Russia
are saturated with pro-Soviet son-
tlmeut and bitterly hostile to Allied
Asiatic Turkey is three-fourths in
the hands of anti-Entente nationalists, who are negotiating a defensive agreement Wtih Soviet Russia, supported enthusiastically by
the Mohammedan masses, whose
co-religionists enjoy complete religious and economic freedom In
modern Russia.
Syrian chicftutns have denoun
cod the Franch mandate over their
country, and have summoned the
tribes to arms. The last straw of
oppression - was laid on when by
official decree the Paris government established un exact equality
between the depreciated French
franc and the much more valuable
native currency. Syrian couriers
were at once dispatched to Russia
to solicit support in the war against
France. "Do you know what Bolshevism would mean to the people?" Allied agents asked the Syrian chiefs. "We prefer anything
to French influence," the Syi'lans
Famine and class wars are prevalent throughout Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Szccho-Slovakla and Hungary. Conditions vary from open
revolt to passive acqulscence by
peasants and workmen who have
no faith left fn thc competence or
permanence of existing governments.
It Is in Germany, however, that
the most sinister threat to the old
political and economic order has
arisen. Official reports and isolat-
tcd press dispatches from Berlin
unite upon an analysis of conditions thore which confirm in a
striking manner predictions mnde
lust winter by Col. Roustam Belt,
military advisor (o lhe Russian Soviet bureau in this country.
Col. Bek predicted that German
military men would eventually
make common cause with their soldiers and the working classes to
restore Germnn Independence by
means of a proletarian government
and a Communist army. In a word,
that the Soviet principle would bo
adopted because It offered the only
escape from the unemployment
and bankruptcy of laboring a'nd
professional classes alike.
It ls interesting, then, to hear
Voerwaerts, organ of tho Social
Democrats, saylnfc in a recent issue:
"The failure of the Kapp coup
brought many now converts to na-
(ConUnued on P*#t 4)
Question of Second and
Third International
Still in Doubt
[By Evelyn Sharp]
London—The battle of the Internationale Is still raging in the British movement. The Independent
Labor Party, at its Easter conference, decided definitely to leave
the Second International, and
equally definitely not join the Third,
instead the I. L. P. Is urging the
Swiss Party to call as soon as possible a conference to discuss the
recontsruction of the Internatlnal
"with a definitely Socialist objective." Also it decided to get into
touch with Moscow.
Since the conference, the debate
has been shifted to the Labor press
—particularly to the columns of
the Daily Herald. Arthur Henderson, secretary ot the Labor Party,
has come forward to defend the
Second International, and to attack;
the Third. The Second, he maintains, is still alive; it has done vala
able work; it ls "convened on no
narrow . doctrinaire basis, but In
consonance with the principle of
working class solidarity." The
Third, on the other hand, Is doctrinaire and exclusive, and Insists
on tactics which can only lead,
In Hungary, to a dictatorship of
reaction. With Henderson is J.
Ramsay Macdonald.
To Henderson, Clifford Allen, the
leader of the youilger members of
the I. L. P., replies in an open let
ter in the Daily Herald that the
Second International has failed because it, held pre-war Ideas, that'
the big fact, which Henderson cannot ighore, Is that Russia, Italy,
France, United States, the German
Independents and a number of
smaller countries have all left lt.
'Without those parties it cannot
be revived," he says.
'Therefore," he pleads, "wo have
to create new International machinery." And the flrst step to that
must be to get in touch with Moscow.
"I beg you," he writes, "you and
(Continued on page 8)
Rig Crowd Expected to Turn Out
to Muke a Suutks or 3. L. I,
Effort for Fund
Tho indications aro ' tbat the
Junior Labor League's whist drive
und dance In aid of the Winnipeg
Defense Fund tonight in the Cotillion Hull, will result In that building seeing its best crowd of the
season. The whiat will start at
8:15 p.m., and the dance is on from
9 till 12 p.m. Now that the young
people have made all arrangements
with tho assistance of the ladies
of tho Women's Auxiliary to the
O. B. TJ., and the Women's Co
operative Guild in the matter of
refreshments, it remains for the
workers to turn out and show their
spirit by making a succss ot the
affair financially and socially. Defense dances have proved to be the
most popular method of raising
funds for the dependents of "the
boys" in jail at Winnipeg, and as
tonight's dance will bo thc last for a
while on account of the longer
evenings and warmer weatlier, it
Is expected that it will result ln a
substantial sum being turned over
to the defense fund, besides giving
Vancouver workers a much-needed
'night out."
The next meeting night of the
League, Friday, June 4, Is the educational evening, and sees a change
In the usual programme. Since
two smaller groups would be en«l?r
handled and would most likely give
better attention, the league has decided that on the flrst Friday of
each month, boys und girls will
meet at separate places for an educational meeting. Thereford' next
Friday thc girls will meet at the
club rooms, 52 Dufferln street west,
and the boys at 928 Eleventh avonuo east. For Interesting discussions these educational meetings of
young Socialists would be hard to
Organizer Knight Reports
on Tactics of International Officials
Organizer Knight reports O.B.U.
activities as follows:
., From the 4th to the 14th I was
In Winnipeg under direction of
their executive. Winnipeg is in
good shape, having recovered from
tho severe strain of the strike and
tile trials, with the O. B. U. firmly established, and with sufficient
resources to actively engage in propaganda and organization work.
The. carpenters have formed a unit
and have Comrade Hammond on
the. job as business agent. The
tactics of the carpenters' international show Clearly the character
of that organization, as, unable to
reach the workers; they are now
trying to coerce them into the
Brotherhood with the assistance of
the bosses. However, the labor
market at the present time is
against them, as carpenters are in
demand and likely to be throughout this season. The metal work
ers and teamsters are active and at
their last meeting the metal workers decided to put on an organizer.
The O. B. U. Bulletin has come
through the struggle in grand
style, and is now showing a net
profit each week. This, when we
consider-the adverse circumstances
of its birth, Is little short of marvellous, and speaks volumes for
.the management. The decision of
the Trades Congress not to support
tho appeal In the Russell case Is so
complete a justification of the
charges laid against them that the
Winnipeg workers need no further
reason for lining up with the
0. B. U. To remain with thc International Is to repudiate those
who have been victimized for
standing true to their class, and
the Winnipeg workers cnn be relied
on to answer these damnable
traitors without the urge ot an organizer, and for thut reason I decided to return East.
I left Winnipeg on the 15th and
(Continued on page i)
Veteran Editor in States
Defends the O.
B. U.
VancouviT Local Re-elects Motet of
lis Officers in Unai
A big majority wus given to the
Progressive ticket by the local
members of the international Typo-
fcrahplcal Union in tho election for
International officers. The following were elected for the local offices:
President, A. K. Robb; vice-president, C. H. Collier; executive committee, J. Thompson, W. C. Metzger, C. C, Lamb, J. Monro and G.
W. Armstrong; conciliation committee, 11. P. Pettlplece and H, C.
Benson; standing scale committee
(news), W. R. Trotter and R. P.
Pettlplece; job (acclamation), E.
W. Browning, W, L. Francis; audit
committee (acclamation), W. Currie, L. S. Manning and C. E. Pierrot; sick committee (acclamation),
A, J. Buckley, A. J. Honey, L. S.
Manning, W. C. Metzger and E. W.
Summers; delegates to I, T. U., W.
■Metzger and W. R, Trottor; delegates to N, w. Typo conference!
U. H. Neelands and IT. L, Corey;
secretnry-treasurer (acclamation),
R. 11. Neelands; trustees incclania-
Upn), W. R. Trottor, George Wllby,
N. .1. Williams; reading clerk, (acclamation), lh L. Corey; sergoant-
at-nrms (acclamation), ,h M. Maxwell; delegates to Allied Trades
Council (acclamation), M. D. Buchanan, J. King and it. H. Neelands;
delegates to Trades nnd Labor Congress of Canada (acclamation), H.
C. Benson and W. R. Trotter.
All members uf (lie Mny Day
committer arc requested to attend
the ilniil meeting on Monday. May
itl, at 8 p.m. In tflO Pendor Hall.
Agenda: To complete report nnd
issue ilnnl htateiucnt.
Don't forgot OUR adr*rllscrs.
Prosecution Attempts to
Confuse the Issue in
Trial of Flowers
[By John Nicholas Beffel]
Los Angeles, Cal.—Spectacular
efforts by the states attorneys' offlce here to show that the One Big
Union and the I, *W. W. were the
same thing under different names
have fallen down completely. The
attempt was made in the Sidney
Flowers criminal syndicalism case.
Flowers Ib not and never has
been a member of the I, W. W.,
but he was one of the flrst men to
join the One Big Union. Repeatedly, ln this seeond trial of Flowers, the three prosecutors have
sought to confuse the two organizations. They tried to introduce
the One Big Union Monthly, published in Chicago by the I. W. W.,
with the inference that It was a
publication of the O. B. U.
Ever since Flowers returned to
America, after being gassed and
wounded terribly during three
years' service with the Canadian
army, he has been an active work
er in the One Big Union, and bis
magazine, The Dugout, worked in
behalf of that organization, beoause it was an intelligent aud
peaceful movement to obtain better conditions for workers.
After the prosecution had piled
up a great moss of evidence to discredit Flowers and all men who
sought to improve the economic
situation, Defense Counsol John
Beardsley put on the stand two
men competent to explain the purposes nnd operations of the One
Big Union. These were Carl A.
Heijne, secretary of tlie Southern
California General Workers Unit of
the o. B. U., and George w. Graydon, flnanolal Becrotary of thc
Transport Workers Unit,
Heijne told of the tremendous
growth of the One Big Union along
tho Pacific coast during the few
months since the forming of tlio
organization in Canada, ond told
of a dispatch from New York City
revealing.that 53,000 member.! of
A. F. of L, unions had lately voted
to affiliate with the o. B. u.
Very little of the A. F, or L.'s
organl.iation lB left in Western British Columbia, Heijne explained.
He emphasized the fact tbat the
O. B. U. is opposed to sabotage by
cither side In the clods struggle.
Officers In the organization are
elected to do (he bidding of thc
momberflj lie pbiilled out; it is an
absolutely democratic organizntion,
opposing what Is known as mass
action, but favoring political action.
"There are now 500 transport
workers in tlie Transport Workers
Unit ln Los Angeles county,"
Graydon testified. "We are organized according to industry, and not
to craft. The distinguishing feature is that we are not trying to
build up a job trust, but arc trying to organize all wage-workers
for thc purpose of getting better
wanes and better working conditions nnd solidifying the workers'
politicnl power, ,
"Ves," he went on. "The Ono
Big Union stands for political action. We hrc opposed to strikes
unless they nre forced upon us. We
will do anything wc ran to keop
from striking. We believe strikes
nre a, loss to the workers.
"Our union does not advocate
overthrowing any governmont by
violence. It does advocate education of the working olass that Hs
members mny understand government. It does not preach bloodshed, riot, anarchy nor sabotage.
"It   contends   that   only   by   a
chnnge In the present basis of the
distribution of wealth can rebellion
(Continued en pag^ 4)
Action of Bakery Salesmen Creates an O. B.
U. Sentiment
The fourth week of the Bakers'
strike in Vancouver finds conditions practically unchanged. The
men are standing pat on their demand for an increase, not only because the new wage would only
add one cent on every eight loaves
produced, but because the defeat
of the bakers in this strike would
mean the adoption of the open
shop principle and night work.
The bakers feel that the added cost
of one-eighth of a cent a loaf to
the employer would in time be
eliminated on account of the men
being in a better satisfied and physical condition, and thereby able
to produce more bread.
Union Run Bakeries
In Victoria, the union has taken
over three bakeries, and is doing
an Increasing business. The same
thing would have occurred in
Vancouver if the Bakers Association had not either leased or destroyed the Idle bakeries.
The union claims that the unfair
bakers in this city are violating
city and Provincial ordinances,
and this matter fs now in the
hands of the mayor. Among these
violations, it Ib alleged that the
bread is generally of a light weight,
no label is on the bread; children
are being employed after Bchool
hours, bakeries are working Sundays without a permit, and men
are being worked over 12 hours
without a permit. The Bakery
Salesmen are still 'delivering bread
from the bakeries that have been
declared unfair by the Bakers
Union, and this action is given for
the reasffn why the strikers are
developing a sentiment for the O.
B. U. that is likely to bear fruit ln
the very near future.
New York—At a special convention of the Jugo-Slav Socialist Democratic Party for Slova'nla, held
In Marburg on April 11, it was decided to work for the union of all
the Socialists of Jugo-Slavia, to oppose the participation, of Socialists
in the government and to leave
the Second International and enter
the Third (Moscow) International
says a report sent out by the Yugoslav press bureau, and printed in
Austrian newspapers just received
by the Federated Press, A committee of twenty was named to pre<
pare for reunion with the Left
Union Notice of Conditions Arrives Ahead
of Them
Garment Workers Planning for a World Federation of Workers
(By Federated Press)
Chicago—The duy is coming
when a tailor from Warsaw can
present his card in London or Milwaukee, and get a job under the
same eonditlons und with the same
pay that he enjoyed is his own
country. And nut too far off Is (he
prospect of a great world-wide
brotherhood of all the needle-workers, from hat makers to furriers,
from Russiun Jews to Norwegian
Lutherans, a Ono Big Union of the
clothing Industry, based on the
dream of a world created by the
Such are the dimensions of the
project wblch ]s undtr discussion
by the general executive board of
thc International Ladies Garment
Workers Union, whose convention
Is in progress in Chicago this week.
The union has been chosen by the
logic of events to take the lend lirj-t
iu amalgamating ail the Independent garment workers unions In
America Into a great Industrial
unit, and second, of harmonizing
with this newly-formed amalgamation the already existing federations In the countries of Kurope.
The new union has within It th
If Statements Are True
Seamen Will Receive
Cold Shoulder
(Special to The Federatlonist)
Seamen's organizations In Australia and New Zealand have received official advice from tht
Marine Firemen and Oilers Union,
Vancouver, to the effect that ths
Canadian Raider and Canadian Importer—both owned by the Canadian government—are manned hy
scab sailors and scab firemen at
$75 per month, in place of $85 and
$90 respectively, thus being* $10
and $15 below the union rate out
of Vancouver, Which is also tht
rate out of American ports.        i
It is further alleged that the men
in the ships are not ignorant of
what they are doing, as the Sailors
hnlon of the Pacific, and the Marine Firemen and Oilers Union,
backed up by the returned soldiers
organization of Vancouver, tried
hard to to make the two vessels
union ships, and that the soldiers
organization sent a delegation -of
representatives to the Canadian _
government with the same object,"
but without result.
If the foregoing statement Is true
and correct (and the articles of the
ships wtll either prove or disprove
it) the men will get the treatment
by the unionists of New Zealand
and Australia they deserve, since It
is plain that anybody who would
undercut rates in Vancouver, would
do the same in other parts of the
world, either on board ship or
along the waterfront. Such men
arc a positive danger to the industrial movement of any country,
and should not be tolerated under
any consideration. What is wanted
is men who will help build up a
clean and healthy movement for
others to follow and not wreck the
future prospects of workers and
the women and children depending
on them.
Another phase of the matter it
that these ships are in open com- '
petition with ships owned in Australasia and paying union rates,
and It is reported that they are
carrying freight at n less cost than
those ships recognising union conditions. Thc tendency of this Is to
pull down conditions not only on
the Australasian ships, but also
along the waterfront, and it may
be token for granted that tlio
sturdy unionists of both Australia*
nnd New Zealand will have something to say when these vessels
hove In sight. The Australian
unionists have just finished putting up a pretty stiff fight for genu-
ine union conditions, and il can be
taken for granted that they are not
likely to tolerate men who would
pull down their conditions at the '
whim of scab-employing bosses.
Conferences May Result
in Unions Voting Today
on Ending Strike
The strike of Sailors, Firemen
and Stewards has every appearance of getting- settled by Suinrduy.
Conferences have been held between the unton representatives
nnd the employers and as soon as
a basis of settlement can be reached this will be placed before tlie
membership of the unions for acceptance ur rejection, Several
smnll concerns have made satis-
stlmulus of perhaps the most con- j factory settlements with the un-
structlve programme ovor definitely Ions and the men are back on lho
sot before n Labor organization, Job. ho big companies, however,
it will attempt no less a task than! are holding out. Several men ear-
that Of learning lo operate its own rying union cards are reported as
industry. A beginning will be made hnving gone back to work before
In the United States this year, | the settlement but the majority of
Sbholoslngor said.    Following the! the nun ure still .standing pat.
lead   of   many   European   unions. "	
which arc successfully operating Milwaukee.—Lumber Interests in
factories and managing every pro- Northern Wisconsin are attempting
cess of production ond distribution to Intimidate striking Umber wftii.1t-
by the co-operative method, the I, ers by having them arrested on
L. G. W.  U.  propose to establish  charges of coercion of prospective
several   co-operatlvt
the United States.
factories -in
Labor School LoflCS Young Member
Mombors and friends of the Labor School will regret to learn that
one who was a most regular attendant at the school during its
first term, Kussell Campbell, died
lust Friday evening. Itussell was
one of the youngest in thc school
and camo to the meetings with his
mother. He was only seven years
of oge. The funeral was held last
Tuesday morning-, Comrade Jos,
Clarko officiating. Pall-bearers
were four members of the Labor
School: Comrados N. Bennett, Jan.
Wolls, H. K. Wells and I). L. Charlton, Tho burial took place at
Mountain View cemetery. Th
most sincere sympathy of Russell'.,
young comrades in the school anil
tho older members of the F. L. P.
who knew, the boy, goes out to
Mr. and Mrs. Campbell in their bereavement.
Victorin liwtnre Series
The Victoria locol of the P. T\
of C. ore holding propaganda meetings iu lloom 3, 1424 Government
St„ with Comrade Cainliclil ■ iih
speaker, The subject will be "The
History of Slavery."
employees and, falling In that by
threatening arrests on charges of
conspiracy against the com pan lee
affected, ncording to reports received here by Henry Ohl, Jr., genernl organizer, Wisconsin Federation of Labor. Ohl said oil reports
from the striking- districts were
good, the men standing firm.
London.-—Gardeners and estate
laborers on King George's Scottish
estate at Balmoral Castle have demanded wages of $16 n week nn'*
an eight hour day. Captain Haiu-
Kuy, the king's commissioner, replied by telegram: "Give men option of working ten hours or one
week's not let.'*
Tut  a  one-cent stamp  on
pnper and mall It to a friend,
New York.-—Becnuse William J.
Bums, head of the large private
detective agency, has suffered grent
poiu and mental anguish on account of o story about tho workings of his business, printed In the
New York Cnll of March 22, he has
entered suit for $100,000 again*t
the paper.
Cut out the list ot advertisers,
patronize them, and tell them why. PAGE TWO
..May II. IHO
$ $ ¥ «P J      ,    J
Dollar Day
Saturday at
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street    *
$flfc A A A A
w WWW w
Thli Is just whst you wut for
Sunday and Monday. Canterbury
Lamb Shoulders, they only
weigh from 3_ to 6 lba, Beg.
pries 85c lb. Friday and Satur-
j    day, per lb „ Z8\_e
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. BOo
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 65i
Slater'a Siloed Ayrshire Baooa, lb. 65o
Slater's Sliced Boneleaa Roll, lb. -45s
Finest Oxford Sausage, Ib, „™...40«
Finest T-Bone Steaks, lb.  —...48a
Fine Loin Pork Chops, lb .......60s
Fineat Loin Pork Chopa, lb, ..........561
Slater'a Famous Fork Shoulders,
weighing from 4 to B lbs. Reg.
SSo lb.   Friday aad   Saturday,
apeclal, per lb _ 30>/ae
Did*yo* see tha crowds that
came after them last Friday and
, Saturday 1 We were sold oit at
noon last Saturday.
Wa will aell on Friday ani Saturday 600 of onr Famous Sugar
Cored Smoked Plcnlo Hana,
They only weigh from 4 to I lbs.
Beg. SSo lb. Friday aad Saturday, ft. : -„.a9y»«
This ii tha cheapest meat yam
eaa buy.
Fineit Pickled Pork, lb. .
Fineat Peanut Butter, lb.
Trow Oleomargarine,  lb.
Finest Pot Boasts Beef, from, lb. 22o
Finest Oven Roasts Beef, from, lb, 24a
Finest Rolled Roasts Beef, lb. ......28e
Finest Boiling Beef, from, lb .83a
Finest Stew Beef, from, lb.  25e
Brunswick Sardines, '3 for ,26c
Van Camp's Fork and Beans, S for 26a
Quaker Pork and Beans, 8 for _.25a
Finest Potted Tongue, 8 tor  .260
Finest White Beans, I lbi. for .-.25a
Libby's Ollres, 8 for ..— SOo
Finest Quaker Corn, tin _, 20«
Fineit Tomatoes, tin ...~.~,.*~........2Qe
Slater'a Famous Tea, lb. ..............60a
Nabob Famous Tel, lb. i....„,..;.....66«
123 Hastings East—Phona Sey S2«t;
aftor 6 phone Pair. 2724 ud Pram
830 GranviBa St.—Ssy. 866; after I
Phono Fair 28SSZ
3260 Main St.—Fair. 1683; attar I
Phont Fair.' S4WB
Great reduction tn batter. Finest
Alberta Butler, reg. S lbs. for
$2.35,   Saturday, from 8 a.ra. to
11 a.m. Special 8 lbs. for |2.10
Flnaat Tomato Ketchup, bottla ....2fic
Finest Veal Loaf, sliced, lb. «......35o
Finest Pressed Beef, sliced, lb. ._.60e
Finest Jellied Tongue, sliced, lb. ..60c
Finest Cooked Ham, sliced, lb 80s
Burns'    Finest    Shamrock    Furs
Lard, reg. 9 lbs. for 75a  Friday ud Saturday, a lbi. _65«
Wa havo est up-to-date delivery. Wa
deliver yonr orders, largo or small,
to uy part of the city,. Point Grey,
Eburne, North Vancouver, Burnaby,
Hastlnga Townsite, Vancouver
Heights, frea of chnrge.
of test
The principles of my office are accepted by authority of tost. That which I can do for you ia
substantiated by tht proven result of such work
aa I have done.
You see hero actual specimens of my work. The
mental attitude of my patient la one devoid of
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridie Specialist;
Corner Seymour
Offlloe open Tuesday and Friday Evenings.
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
rPHE demonstrations ot the
** Sonora in comparison with
other phonographs in which the
same record has been used have
converted thousands upon thousands of music lovers to the supremacy of Sonora tone—that
limpid clarity and vibrant'qual-
ity which seems to enhance the
gift of singer or player. It is
uncommon to hear a Sonora
demonstration in which enthusiastic appreciation is not verbally expressed.
Sonora Model!
from   *l*t  te
$2000   Ol
lo suit.
Aak Any Sonora Owner—Hear Any Sonora*
If It's Musical—We Ilave It
Lose $z50,000,000 in Sale
of Grain to Great
As the result of carefully prepared statistics, the wheat farmers
of Australia have suffered a total
loss of $250,000,000 ln tho sale of
their.grain to Great Britain. The
full facts regarding the* sale of
Australian wheat V* Great Britain,
which during the' war—with the
kindly aid of the censor—was kept
from the Australian people—is
now made public for the first timo.
Speaking in the British House of
Commons on February 7, 1917, Mr,
Prothero, president of the British
Board of Agriculture, told how
"the Australian farmers had sacrificed their profits to feed Britain'
by selling their wheat at a lower
price than the world-parity at that
time. Mr. R. W. Outhwaite, also
spoftklng in the House of Commons
on March 16, 1917, said that the
"Australian farmers were paid
cents a bushel, or $7.68 per quarter for their wheat, while the British farmers were guaranteed from
$15.36 to $19.20 per quarter,
from $1.92 to $2.04 per bushel.''
But the position was really worse
than this because in 1917, the price
of British'wheat was fixed at $2.24
per bushel while the price of Australian wheat landed ln Great Britain was 72 cents per bushel less.
It has never been explained who
got this enormous rake-off on the
Australian wheat.   .
On July 24, 1917, Mr. Lough,
speaking in the British House of
Commons, gave further proof of
the way in which the Australian
wheat farmer was exploited tn the
interests of Great Britain when he
said: "The Parliamentary Secretary of Shipping Control said he
had bought a great deal of wheat-
3,000,000 tons—in Australia; the
price paid was 96 to $1.14 per
bushel, thd freight wae 40 cents
pel* bushel—making the price
landed in Britain, around $1.60 per
bushel/' And on the same day,
Mr. Runcimun, president of the
Board of Trade, while admitting
this, told how the British Government was paying $2.40 per bushel
for wheat tot American wheat-
growers and $2.20 to Canadian
wheat farmera.
And all the time the Australian
wheat-farmers, whose grain was
sold by the Australian anti-Labor
government under the "pool system" were told that the price they
were getting (96 cents per bushel)
was the highest obtainable. And a
kindly.censor saw to it that they
did not know what were the prices
paid by tfie British Government for
wheat in other parts of the world.
When the*writer did give the truth
in the Australian Labor press of
how the Australian wheat farmers
were being robbed in Uie sale of
their grain—the information was
promptly denied by the Australian
Government, and the censor used
his blue pencil even more vigorously. But last November, the Australian Prime Minister himself admitted that while the Canadian
farmers, had been getting $2.20
per bushel for their wheat, the
Australian wheat had beeu sold at
from 96 to $1.14 per bushel. In
other words he admitted what the
writer had maintained long previously—that the Australian wheat
farmers were sacrificing their
wheat at less than half what they
should have got for it,
When the writer and others finally drove the Australian Government into a corner over the wheat
business from which there was no
escape, and they had to admit that
tbo Australian wheat had been sold
cheaper than any other wheat In
the world, the excuse was put up
that freight rates absorbed the
difference between the Australian
prico and the world parity price.
But hore again the Australian Gov-
ernment was at fault, for, according to the Ministry for Shipping
Control of Britain wheat was being
carried from Australia at tlie book
rate of 45 cents per bushel. Ini
order to try and square thc bill the
Australian Government wus at the
same time charging the farmers
96 cents per bushel freight on their
wheat to Britain In the steamers
owned by the Australia^ Govern-1
ment. While this did equalize matters for a time, it soon leaked out
that the Australian Govornment
was carrying out a huge profiteering scheme in charging this high
rate for freight on the wheat. For
when the time came for presenting
the balanco sheets of the Australian- Government-owned steamers,
It was shown that owing to the
high rates charged for freighting
wheat, the Australian Govornment
had been able to pay tbe capital
qost of the steamers It purchased—
over $10,000,000—and carry forward a surplus profit of $2,600,000
as well. In other word the Australian farmers were charged 96
cents carriage on their wheat by
the AusffcUlan Government when
the British blue-book rate of 45
cents per bushel would have been
Summed up, tho position seems
that comparing the price paid to
the Australian wheat farmers for
their wheat by the Austral lan-ant 1-
Labor government with that paid
to farmers in other parts of the
world, and after making due allowance for the freight charges, the
Australian wheat farmers were
compelled to sell at least 200,000,-
000 bushels of wheat abroad at
about half ItB true market price. In
other words, because of the anti-
Labor government in Australia,
the Australian wheat farmers art
the poorer by around $250,000,000,
Diplomacy on the Rhine
Favor O. B. V.
During tho early part of April
last, a ballot of the members of
the Brisbane (Queensland) branch
of the Waterside Workers Federation was taken on the question of
joining the O. B. V. The result
has just been announced, and U
In favor of the O. B. U -   728
Against the O. B. U -.   392
Informal  —.       8
Majority ln favor    336
Only fifty members of the union
failed to record votes.
Where is your union button T
Diplomacy is again playihglwithl
flre. That is the one safe conclusion as to the Ruhr-Frankfurt dm-'
broglio, Thero is plenty of room
for difference of opinion on the original question whether or not the
Germans should have been' hermit-'
ted to send forces beyond the stipulated limit into the neutral zone.
There is also room for difference of
opinion as to the justice and-expediency of French action in seizing
German cities, as guarantees.
What can not be questioned at all
is that the German revolutionists
and the German and French governments bave all been playing a
ruthless game of diplomacy. Their
Immediate action is reaching beyond to greater events, which they
hope may advance their several
Aware There Was Little Chance
First, as to the German revolutionists. They were quite aware
that thero maa little chance of
overthrowing the government by a
direct attack. However much revolutionary discontent there may be
in Germany, lt has not yet been
sufficiently concentrated to overthrow, the existing regime. But,
along the Rhine tho revolutionists
enjoyed the signal advantage of
what had been set up as a zone of
safety by the Treaty of Versailles.
By convention the German forces
that might be sent Into this zone
were restricted to 25,000 men, and
this number was to be reduced, in
default of a renewed convention,
on April 10. In the populous neutral zone tt was early possible to
organize a force of men well trained in arms that the government
could not safely attack with its permitted number of troops. How
great a foroe they actually organized we do not yet know. Berlin,
with every ground for exaggeration,
placed lt at above 100,000. Paris,
with the opposing ground, placed
it much lower. But lt fs safe to
concede a force that would discourage attack by small bodies of
soldiers. The revolutionary leaders knew well that the government
would try to get permission to use
larger forces, add falling permission, m%ht nevertheless try to use
them. They knew that this would
create a crisis in SYanco-German
relations. Any they thought they
might fish something out of the
torubled waters.
Fear of White Terror
Second, as to the tlerman manoeuvres, It is not clear that.,the
government had exhausted every
possible means of securing a peace*
ful settlement -with the revolutionists. According to Berlin, conciliation was impossible because the
revolutionists were Red Bolsheviki,
who would be content with nothing
less than a communistic state'. ' tie-
ports of terrible atrocities ' were
published and sent abroad/ lb establish the necessity of drastic 'action. According to Paris the1 revolutionists are neither very Reef hor
atrocious, but simply workingmen
outraged by the govern me nts;flahby
handling of the Kapp coup and determined to stand against resurgent militarism. France, it is Incredible to report, was fearful of a
White Terror along the Rhine. It
appears safest to believe neither
Berlin nor Paris, without reserve.
There is too much method In their
publicity. The selection of General
von Watter to do the work of suppression and the character of his
proclamations Indicate a disposition on the part of the government
to exhlbibt "strength" where common sense would have been more
effective to the immediate purpose.
Ulterior Purpose
But had not the German government an ulterior purpose? That
appears plausible, at any rate. It
Is still popular, internationally, to
suppress Bolsheviki. It could, be
done only by employing greater
forces in the neutral zone than the
Treaty permitted. France would
In all likelihood object. There was
a good chance that sho might be
overruled. If she accepted the decision of the other signatory powers, a precedent would have been
set for overruling France on other
points of treaty enforcement—notably--on the reduction of the German army, just now due. If
France refused to abide by the decision <bf the other signatory powers and proceeded to enforce tho
treaty on her own account, a manifest rift ln thc alliance would have
been produced. A flrst step would
havo been taken toward the isolation of France. It Is difficult to
exaggerate the value the" Germans
see in such Isolation. They believe
that In spite of what they have
suffered they will ultimately prove
more than a match for France, single-handed. Through that rift thoy
see a ray ot light on their future
Observe how they proceeded.
First, they asked permission to
send forces into the neutral zone.
Apparently they asked permission
of Millerand, not as representative
of the signatory powers, but as representative of Frnnce. That wus
polite. France was consulted as
the power Immediately interested.
It was not diplomatically "correct."
Not France, but tho principal signatory powers had the rlgfcX to
grnrft or refuso this request. Franco
stlplated guarantees, the occupation of certain German cities, which
Germany refused. Then followed
a more : r less cloudy exchange of
diploma *0 Inquiries, extending evon
to Washington, the net result of
which was that no power, but
France objected to the German
government's putting down itrown
Bolsheviki, or saw the necessity of
guarantees This does not mean
that Germany's request had" heen
granted It merely indicated; the
complexion of international opinion, to the satisfaction of tho Germans. x_
Appeared Accidental
The next scene in the drama was
the actual sending of German
troops Into the neutral zone. The
first reports made this violation of
the treaty appear accidental. The
government troops were chasing revolutionists outside of the neutral
zone and In their zeal disregarded
the lino. •Millerand warned them
not to come any further. They
came, however, by express orders
from Berlin. Thereupon the French
promptly crossed the Rhine and
occupied Frankfurt and other
cities. One technical violation of
the treaty, they supposed, would
justify another,
Meant to Make Germany Pay
To understand French policy In
the matter, it is necessary to bear
In mind that the treaty means more
to the French than to any other of
the great powers; The British government appeara never 'to have
taken the treaty seriously. They
wanted a document that looked
well in print, at the time, and expected it to adjust itself to the developing needs of the time through
that alteration of action and Inaction that illustrates the British gift
for compromise. The American
commissioners accepted the treaty
as a magnificent opportunity for
revision through the League. But
the French meant every word and
comma in it They really meant
to make Germany pay and work
and disarm. They meant to punish
her war criminals. And If Germany failed In any point they expected the signatory powers to Join
them in exacting compensation. In
the course of recent months they
have discovered how lonely they
were in their intentions. Germany
was to deliver a certain amount of
coal monthly. In no single month
has she delivered the stipulated
amount. She could not, but she
might havs delivered moro if the
other powers had been -willing to
join in pressure upon her. The
demand for the' surrender of the
war prisoners was defied. Absolutely nothing happened. As for
reparations, Germany is paying
only the least fraction of the French
expectations. The expenditures of
France run' to fifty billions of
francs for the current year. That
is a colossal sum, impossible to
raise through taxation. But Germany was counted on to pay more
than twenty billions of It, Apparently she will do nothing of the
kind. What wonder ls it that
France chafes and yearns for
mandate to enforce the treaty on her
own account? In the Invasion of
the neutral zone by German government troops, she had an opportunity for establishing a precedent,
and seized It. The matter of it ls
easily comprehensible; the manner Is not. What possessed France
to send African troops Into Frankfurt, to flre with a machine gun
upon a crowd of citizens? They
jeered, asserts the French commander, by orders from Berlin. Granted. The Prussians of pre-war days
would have behaved precisely so,
having no appreciation of the psychology of civilized man.
Merely Symptomatic.
But that Incident may be passed
by as'merely symptomatic of the
mental degeneracy that attends
militarism, whether espoused by
choice or forced upon a people.
At the moment of the Frankfurt
occupation the French stood dangerously Isolated. They had hoped
for a legitimation of their proceed'
ings after the fact. To that end
they propose to put in claims upon
Germany for the expenses of occupation. Such claims, countersigned
by the other signatories, would be
tantamount to legitimation. Apparently they are making no progress in this direction. They have
appealed directly for approval.
Belgium, of course, has declared
her solidarity, but the only approval that counts is that of Britain,
But the British will approve only
on condition that in future France
submit any action she may con
template in enforcing the treaty to
the consent of the principal signatory powers as a group. But thst
would be entirely to destroy the
value of the precsnt action, as a
Was After Precedent
And tho precedent was all that
France was after. The direct menace to France of German-Govern'
ment troops in the neutral zone
amounted to nothing at all, AH
the troops Germany could muster
now wouid be impotent to effect a
successful crossing of the Rhine, in
the face of the overwhelming military superiority of France. But
here was a chance of establishing
the principle that any one of the
Allies—that is, France—Is competent to act alone in cases vitally concerning her. Tho treaty did not
absolutely exclude this principle.
Now Lloyd George demands that it
shall be absolutely excluded. Millerand attempted to evade by giving the assurance that he can conceive of no such action in future.
Of course the evasion could not
succeed because the British government knows exactly how vital
the point is.
Blank Checks of Treaty
For the blank checks of the
peace treaty, which tho British
never meant to have presented,
will some day be presented by the
French with such figures writton
in as to Insure their rejection, And
then, If France must wait upon
common action, nothing will happen. But lf she is free to act
alono she will proceed straightway
to collect, through the annexation
of German soil up to the Rhine.
If Germany ever attempted to recover her lost territories by war,
England as a guarantor of the
peace would be morally bourn) to
como in. This risk of war could
be removed only by the development by France of a vast permanent army. Such, an army is not
out of the question. The French
people may be hard to'make over
into Instinctive militarists, but
France has an inexhaustible supply
of black soldiers in hor African
possessions. She has already begun to introduce the system ef conscription there.
But a thoroughly militarized nation just across the channel from
England does not bode Well for
British security nor for tho peace
of the world. Better. such an adjustment of the victors' claims upon
Germany as will reduce stresses on
the continent and remove tho Impulse to extreme militarism, whether among friends or foes. The
key to such adjustment the British
have found in the provisions of the
treaty leaving enforcement to the
principal signatory powers, not to
the several powers acting on their
own responsibility. Thoy can not
possibly permit such a key to be
thrown away.
Germnny Wins
But the net outcome of the whole
transaction appears to bi that Germany wins, In so far as France
yields to the British demands the
Germans may proceed confidently
to create one practical situation
after another whloh makes for
treaty revision. In so far as France
does not yield, the grand alliance
is dissolved. France may send her
troops ns far as she likes into German territory. No power will op
pose her.    But she will gain no
If Adopted WiU Aid the
Workers in Assuming
Control of Workshops
It is a well known fact that the
majority of inventions that have
revolutionized industry have been
born In the bruins of the workers.
It is llkewlst well known that almost without exception capitalism
has filched the product of the
workers* inventive brains, giving
them in return but a miserable
share of the value created, if any
at all. The story ef the inventor
is indeed one of. tragedy, since
very few of the actual Inventors
become rich because of their creative skilC
Today every Industrial hall In the
world ls revolutionized because of,
machinery, but the workers who
have been responsible for the revolution ln Industry flnd little benefit
coming to them as a result. In not
a few cases the creative skill of
their fellows have been turned
'against them.
For some time past advanced
thinkers in the Australian Labor
movemont have been outlining I
plan whereby the workers may secure the full fruits of their industry. The argument ls put out that
If the workers could carry out their
own ideas and place their own inventions on the market they could
practically revolutionize every
work shop in the world within I
decade. If, for instance, the workers refused to sell their patented
machinery, und adopted the capitalistic principle of hiring lt out on
a weekly or monthly rental, the
business would be far Teaching.
Having control of machinery there
would be no need to declare
strike. By the simple process of
withdrawing machinery from
particular industry that particular
industry would be forced to capita
late at once. If it was sought to
deal with a particular employer
who was unfair to Labor, the machinery could be withdrawn from
the .partirular work shop, leaving,
trade rivals who were fair to labor
to take hold of the trade. The
effect of this can be seen at o'hee,
The system, if adopted, would go
far towards ending the capitalist
system, since capitalists would
have to gain the goodwill of the
workers for. their own protection.
If they proved obstinate, they could
be wiped out instantly, and the
workers could function on their
own, as indeed they would when
the proper time came. And there
is no reason in the world why the
system could not be adopted. If
a Bureau of Inventions wus established, all workers could handle
their ideas for the improvement of
existing machinery, or the creation
of new machines to the Bureau,
which would register, develop, and
put lt tntto operation and then
place It on the markets of the
world—leased out by capitalistic
owners to the Industry halls
throughout the world at the present time.
The scheme seems a feasible one,
and though a great deal of preliminary work would be necessary before lt could be put Into practical
working shape, there seems no
reason why a start should not be
made as early as possible. With
the control of machinery in the
hands of the workers a tremendous, absplute, yet bloodless revolution would be accomplished and
that without much effort on the
pnrt of the workers themselves.
The Bargain Event of the Month
The Famous Month-End
Broken and discontinued lines of Summer
Modes—«t prices that sot a new standard of
value at Vancouver's Fashion Centre.
Near Ckinvint        ,^^^_^^_^^___
Australian Workers Wont Conditions Studied First Hand
Australian unionists are trying to
secure the permission of the Australian government to allow a delegation of workers to visit Eussia,
so that they may learn the true
facts of the Soviet administration,
and its effect on the people at flrst
hand. It is felt that in view of the
contradictory information that is
reaching Australia, a delegation
should be sent to obtain reliable Information regarding the situation hi
that country.
The Australian representative of
the Russian Socialist Federal Republic has expressed the fullest
sympathy with this idea, and suggests that the workers should take
joint action and urge upon the government to appoint such a commission, consisting of representatives
of the workers and employers, to
visit Russia. He further -states
that the Russian Soviet government will gladly welcome such delegations, and would give them the
best possible facilities for obtaining as much information as possiblo.
Tho various trados halls throughout Australia are now taking the
matter up, and It is hoped that ln
the near future a commission of
inquiry will be appointed and allowed to proceed to Russia.
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not' satis,
factory to yon, after yoa
have thoroughly tried it
- out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge yon
nothing for what you have
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Beymour 1441 and iM
Phoae Sermonr TIM
Third floor. World Building, Ta»
eevnt, B. 0»  ^
Pass the Federationtst along and
help get new subscribers.
Australian Unionists Consider An
Important Besolution
A movement is on foot in Australia to secure some common policy for all workers whjm the time
comes for taking concerted uction.
The several labor councils throughout Australia have held meetings,
and the following resolutions have
been carried us a basis for discussion at a conference to be held In
the near future.
1. That no attempt to abolish
or allay Industrial unrest or to safeguard the peoplo from exploitation
can hope to be successful without
the co-operation and agreement of
the trade union movement.
2. That tho future objective of
the Australian industrial movement
shall be the collective ownership
and democratic control of Industry.
The immediate policy to be a constructive programme of Joint control representative of tho government, the community, and tho people who perform the work in carrying on the various industries,
3. That an Australian conference bo arranged for the purposo
of deciding upon a uniform objective and policy for the whole of
the Australian movement.
The feeling among industrialists
Is that in the near, future, the
change which is sweeping the world
will bear fruit and that the workers will have to be prepared to
take their place In th management
of industry. Hence it Is imperative that they should be fully pre
pared to step Into control when the
day of collective ownership and democratic control comes round.
Only a few more days la whieh
to purchaso Extracts in large-
■lie .bottlea. The law forbids as
to sell Extract! la any larger
alie thaa 4-oi, bottlea after
June 1st.
LEMON  EXTRACT   la   quart
bottlos, 10 clear at  SOe
Fresh Grasi Batter, 8 Jbs. ..12.10
Spanish Shelled Peanuta, ft. —.880
St. Charles Cream, tia   15c
Buttercup Milk, per tin ... 12c
Dominion Soups—Tomato end
vegetable,   2   tint   for *. 260
Pilot Sardines, pBr tin  10e
Quaker, Pork aud Beans—2 M'e,
per tin  25c
Kellogg'g Corn Plakos, pkg. ..100
Family Sodas, Ramsay'i and Na*
tional,  per pkg  28e
Rolled Oats, C-lb. cotton sack ..47c
Rolled Oata, Quaker tubes  SOe
Palm* OlWa Soap, per caks .......lOo
Tollot Soap, 0 cakes for „.„25§
Golden West Laundry Soap,
8. bars for 300
Laundry Cakes, fl cokes for ....SSe
P. * 0. Whito Naphtha, bar ....10e
Toilet Paper, apeclal _ roils
'o*  SSe
No. 1 Small White Beans, S
lbs. for  „„,„ 25B
Dry Onsen Peas, S lbs. far SSe
Blue Ribbon Evaporated Peaches,
5-lb. pkgs.  _....$1.6»
Choice Prunes, 2 lbs. for 46c
Crisco,  lib. tins, each _. 3Be
Crisco, 3-lb. tins, esoh 11,18
Lily White Syrup, C-lb. tins ..70s
The Homo of Quality
Seymour 1206
Greateat Stock ol
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Httttap IttMt WM
W—Ji tou amk roa
tal Non-alcoholic wlaes tt in
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—
Heals of the Beat—Price*
P. Gibb
67 Oordova St. W.
Near the Loggen' Hall
Uie Royal Crown Soap
[and Save the Coupon*
Centralia, Wash.—Grangers, organized labor and the.private soldiers and sailors legion of Seattle
a'nd other cities are planning a
mammoth' Liberty picnic, to be
held near Centralla, May ii, u «
counter to tho activities of this Centralla reactionaries, who lynched a
returned service man following the
armistice day shootings, and who
aro now united ln an anti-progressive campaign to down the organ-
kid workers.
permanent results and ln the end
will flnd herself standing alone.
That Is a natural consequence of
a blank check treaty whloh means
one thing to one nation, another to
nnother, and nothing recommending itself to reason or morality.
The present crisis will be evened
out, but other crises are bound to
arise, until the grand alliance ts.
altogether destroyed or a new In.
ternatlonal body overhauls the entiro treaty and transforms it into I
contract all of whose terms are explicit and endurable.—The New
THESE flne Spring days make yeu want te get out doors and
enjoy yourselves.
Whether you are a disciple of leaae Walton or a baseball en-
thuslMt, we are here to fake care of your every need. We hart
the largest stock of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting goods,
ta British Columbia, alt moderately priced.
OF THB 0. B. V.'
$2.50 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News-
Camp Reports
Urllng Pit ls situated on the G.
T. P., 101 miles eaat of P. G. As
lta name implies, there ls a quarry
or gravel pit in operation at thiB
point, and a number of animals
known by the name of workers are
employed shifting rocks, etc. These
workers have quite a reputation
along the line for their toiling capacity and propensities; any hours
are good enough for them, and the
only limit to the length of the day
► la the fact that the sun Invariably
COM down too early. Nominally,
tine hours per day are ten,, but
tbat is prolonged quite a bit, beeause time and a half is paid for
overtime, and as the wages, for the
majority employed there, runs up
to 40 cents per hour, so the incentive to work overtime Ib augment'
•d, as otherwise the Individual
would bo "broke" before leaving
the Job, Double-decker bunks are
■till the rule; the grub Is fair, necessarily to, the wages are paid
once a month, a time-check being
given on the job,'and the recipient
baving to make the trip to P. G.
to get the bank clerk, thereby losing a few daya at ten houra and
overtime, and rendering it necessary for him to go back and make
another stake.
Workers would do well to take
Rote of Carleton & Fetter* of Ur-
ling Pit, B. C.
Whalcn's Camps
I will ask you for a little of your
time to disclose the brand of un
Ion men we have got hi this neck
of tho woods. In the flrst part of
April a circular letter was started
In camps 1 and 6, the contents of
It was three resolutions to be demanded May tho 1st. The 1st "Was
tbe $0.00 a day wage anjl a raise
fOr monthly men ln proportion?
Tho 2nd "Wee $1.60 a day for
board, with blankets and laundry
Included?" The 8rd "Woo semi
monthly pay-day in cash the re
■ult of it was that the super come
to Camp 9 April 80 and informed us that Camps 1 and 0 had de
elded to work Hay 1 and that all
the delegates were to visit ail the
camps May 2 and hold a conference and settle the matter. As I
was the delegate ln Camp t, t
went. The superintendent waa on
the boat with the two delegatea
from Camps 1 and 6 and we picked
up delegates ln Camps 7 and 10.
On our way to Camp 8 ono of the
men in that camp told me that
there were ii men ln Camp 8 and
no delegate, so We called a meet-
tag and the men elected a delegate.
After that was done there was a
whole lot of argument on the piece
work system, but nothing on what
we were there for, until the superintendent got up and told ua that
ho waa ln favor of the union and
that he liked to have lt there; but
It was impossible to pay ln cash on
account of keeping $40,000 in an
old shack like the company's office,
and if they raised the wages that
would be suicide, as the camps
would be filled with prairie chickens, as much aa to say, that low
wages would keep them away. He
mid H cost the company $10,000
tor the blankets and it would cost
$4000 more to build a laundry, and
that they would charge the men
$1.10 a week for laundry work. He
told us that he would meet the men
at each camp on a day the following week and let them know what
the company was going to do. I
then asked the rest of the delegates lf they were going to Inform
the meeting what Instructions we
had from the different camps, but
they told me that we would wait
bOil after the superintendent made
proposed a vote of thanks to the
aru per intendent and another three
cheers and a tiger to the eame individual, and that ended tho meet-
Ing. After that one of the delegates told me that the strike lead-
on ln Winnipeg were where the
working men wanted them to be,
too much agitators. After I got to
Camp 0 the men decided to go on
ttrike till the company gave their
answer. We struck two days and
that brought the superintendent,
snd he told the same story as he
<Ud at Camp 8, only he added that
•erne were so narrow between the
eyes that they could look down
the neck of a liniment bottle with
both eyes at once. And that the
oeok houae went In tke hole $1500
In one month. He had a letter
from the delegate in Camp 1 and
endorsed by the delegate ln Camp
I, that If Camp I went on strike
they would'not support ua and the
men who stayed and worked would
not be considered strikebreakers.
Now, I will ask, who gavo him
power to dictate to another camp?
If that letter had come from the
Whalen P. A P. Company it could
hot have been any different, but
coming from a union man. and a
delegate, it was a great surprise to
the mombers of Camp f, telling
us to wait for a referendum when
we know of none on that subject,
and that they would not support us
on account of our tactics, but-1
was told that the human being In
Its early stages of development was
a creature without a splno and
bones, a jellyfish, and if those scientists would go to Port Alice they
could prove their statements. I
suppose that the superintendent
took him to one side and told
him he was a good man and that
be should not ask for a raise in
pay. I would like to know what
business it ls of ours if the company goes in the whole. That is
the management's business. ' You
would think. that they 1 furnished
good board, but it is tho other way.
I never saw that, there was any
danger of the tabic breaking down
from being overloaded, and I
would like to have the superintendent tell me the difference between
a prairie chicken and a Gaspe
Coast cod holler, and If a man ls
narrow between the eyes because
he Is asking for more money, the
superintendent should compare his
salary with the bull cook and he
would come to the conclusion that
his own eyes are two in one.
DEL. 161.
The employeea at the Masset
Timber Co. at Buckley Bay, at the
meeting held on Sunday, May 9th,
passed a motion unanimously protesting against the charges and
conviction of tht men in Winnipeg,
in connection with the general
strike, and Insisting upon their
immediate release, as the meeting
considered that a gross injustice
has been done theso men, and serious encroachment upon the rights
of organized labor and the public
generally has been made by the
judge ln his Interpretation of the
law, relating to the rights of the
Individuals; and further, protesting
against the conviction on any of
the charges, particularly that of
seditious conspiracy, whioh obviously did not exist, and to support
the charges the prosecution had to
rely upon the evidence of stool-
pigeons and proven liars.
The meeting also endorsed a
proposal that protest meetings
should be held in every place, and
that on the second Saturday in
every month, starting from June
next, that the workers suspend
work entirely for that day, and
hold meetings tn halls in which the
release of. the prisoners Is de
issue of this paper appears. They
are suing for return fare to Prince
Rupert and wages at the rate they
were hired at for the time they
put in Stewart waiting for the
settlement of the strike. The company is extremely anxious that the
matter should not be settled in
court, and have used every effort
to prevent it. Indications now are
that the case will be settled out of
court with the demands of tlje men
met ln full. This is not a desirable
way of settling the dispute from the
standpoint of the men nor of the
labor movement, as a logical verdict in favor of the plaintiffs would
bo a valuable precedent for the
whole movement, but the company
realises this as well and for that
reason will strain every nerve to
keep It out of court. Nevertheless,
if the demands are not met in full
the men will force the case to
court aa they consider their case ls
unassailable and that they are entitled to all that they are asking
An arrival from Alert Bay states
that the camp of the B. C, Packers'
Association is running without certified engineers or permit men, Indians running the donkeys. The
manager, Wastell, had his attention
drawn* to this and replied that he
would try to get certified men, but
would not pay the scale. Provincial
police have condemned the water
supply and the camp has been
moved to a better location. Pay In
the woods ls from $5.60 to $8.00.
Mill all Chinamen.
The camps and mills of the
Kleanza Co., Kenny Bros., and
Royal Lumber Co. ■ (Hanson's) at
Usk, G. T. P., are etill on strike,
Ae previously stated, the companies
mentioned posted a notice that on
May 1 their mills would start working tke nine-hour day, and loggers
and millmen all struck. The Kit
selas Co, also stated its intention
of pulling off the same stunt when
their mill opened up, but after being informed by' the loggers that
all hands would quit if they tried
it they withdrew the notice. At
present their mill Is not ready to
run and it, remains to be seen what
they will do when It is ready. The
loggers for this company are still
From reports rocelvod it appears
tkat delegates from tho Coast Lumbermen's Association • had visited
the employers at Usk and induced
them to take this action.   As the
his rounds to the camps.   One man -pro8pects are all against tho tall-
General Hetdqurten:
Vancouver, B, 0.; B. Winch, tl Cordova Stmt Weit,
Onnteeek, B. 0.; J. H. Thompson,
Box 18.
Cranbrook    District—Legal     ad-
vlieri   Georgu Spreull.
Ssmloops, B, 0.; J. I. Fetereon, Box
812, 8 Victoria Street.
Horrit, B. 0.; W. 8. Kllner, Box 8.
VoUon, B. 0.; B. Barrow, General
Meetinga are held in tbe O. B, U.
Hall, Baker Street, Nelson, on tho
flnt and third Sunday of each
month at 8 PJB.
Princo Oeorie, B. 0.; I. Stevenion,
Braver 80.
Prince Bupert, B. 0.; J. H. Boxronib,
Box 888.
Vancouver, B. 0.; J, M. Clarke, 81
Cordova Stroot West.
Victoria, B. C; B. Waterloo, 1424
Government Street.
Bdmonton, Alta.; C, Berg, 10333—
101»t Street East.
Prince Albert, Sask.; Geo. Tether, 108
. —8th Stroet East.
Winnipeg, Man,; Lumbenrorkers' Union, 186 Henry Avenue.
Sudbury, Ont; Wfl Cowan, Box 1531,
Llsgar Street.
Port Francir Ont.; T. Mace, Box 300,
Webster HaU.
Cobalt, Ont.; J. D. Cluney, 85 long
Tlmmins, Ont.; Lnmborworkers Dlatrlct Secretary, liy8 Cedar Stroot,
F. O. Box 200.
Montreal; V. Binette, 88 St. Laarent
Vaneonver BUtrict Socrotary: 81 Cordova Streot Wort.
ure of the agitation for the eight-
hour day lu the coast mills, it looks
as if tho .canny coast millmen had
got the brilliant idea of getting the
Mountain Lumbermen's Association
to take this step, so that the coast
men could corral the market when
•ttiey were tied np by strikes, as
they must have foreseen would be
the inevitable outcome of any such
move. With the present'hlgh prices
for lumber the Inducement would
be attractive enough to warrant
the manoeuvre, and the small fry
ran true to type in falling for it.
The membership In the Prince
Qeorge district ls at the time of
writing voting on the question of
securing, tho eight-hour day in mills
and camps all through the district,
with $4 a day and board as thc
minimum wage, and the few camps
In this district which are engaged
In the same kind of work will undoubtedly line up lf action is demanded to secure the common ob*
jectlve. The weak point In this district along the G. T. P. Is at Terrace, where the mill Is working
ten hours, and most of the employees are tenants of their employer. There seems to be no desire for a shorter work-day here.
Rumor has it that the employer
Is ready to concede the eight-hour
day, but refuses to hand it out on
a silver plute before he Is asked for
it. In the near future it Is likely
that both the employer ond the
crew will have th'e opportunity of
showing where they stand when
the question ts put to them.
Efforts have been made to All
the camps on strike at Usk from
Edmonton, a batch of ten men (L,
W. I. U.) having arrived from the
latter place, engaged to work for
the Royal Lumber Co. at "Pitman,"
which la the next station to Usk.
They were told that there was no
strike, and when they arrived and
found the true state of affairs on
arrival all refused to go to work.
This seems to be a case for damages, and it will be looked into
with that end in view.
The case of the men who wore
Induced to go to Steward under the
understanding that the strike at
the Premier Mine would be settled
to .the satisfaction of the strikers
when they arrived there, and that
thoy would be put to work in addition to the men affected, will
probably be settled before the next; '_'_
A meeting was called on May 8
and a committee elected to submit
to the company the following requirements:
1. The bunk house to have a
double floor and be swept every day
and scrubbed once a week.'
2. The hogs to be kept away
from the building.
3. A bath-house to be erected
and equipped with baths and
showers; also a dry-house to be
furnished immediately.
4. ' Fires, to be lit every morning
at 6 o'clock, also at night. Hot
water to be on the stove when the
men oome from work.
6. A new toilet to be erected
and a light to be placed therein.
The old one to be destroyed."
6. ' Single bunks to be furnished
and all double bunks remdVed.
7. The bunk houses to be furnished with electric light.
8. Sheets to be furnished, and
washed once a week.
9. The eight-hour day to be Instituted with the present 10 hours*
pay for the eight hours' work;
also time and a half for overtime.
The committee were Instructed
to present theso requirements to
the company on May 10, and to
obtain an answer by May 15.
Before closing the meeting the
members passed a motion protesting against the Imprisonment of
the Winnipeg strikers and demanding their release.
On May 14 the company replied
as follows: -
"We are In receipt of your letter of the flth Inst, regarding certain requests passed at a moeting
held by you on the above-mentioned date, and in reply wish to advise aa follows:
"1. We propose putting double
floors In all bunkhouses. In fact,
all buildings are to be so treated as
fast as we can get men and material for this work, and it has always been our Instructions that
these buildings be swept once a
day and kept clean and sanitary,
and we Intend that these instructions be carried out.
"2. You undoubtedly saw us
building a pen for the hogs,, and
further, when the hogs were here
before we kept them penned up.
We were forced to bring them back
sooner than expected owing to the
shortage of fresh water.
"3. The same thing applies in
this case as in 'your first request.
We aro looking after these improvements as fast as we can get
to them. We ere quite sure that
you are a reasonable lot of men,
and understand that everything Is
new, and on account of poor transportation facilities, as well as the
lack of experienced mechanics, we
have been handicapped, but we as
sure you that we have all of the
questions under-consideration, and
propose to make the necessary improvements as fast aa it is possible
to do so.
"4. Re fires being lit. Up to the
present you haven't been charged
with sleeping or room accommodation, and we consider, your demands along these lines seem
somewhat unreasonable. However, if you prefer, we will put this
on a email charge basis, and then
can see that your requests are met.
"6, We propose remodelling*
and a new locat on for toilets was
already under. consideration.
"6. We are going to remodel the
bunkhouses in the very near future, and then will install the single
bunks. You will agree with us
that our beds and mattresses
are good, and we propose making
a change which we are sure will be
quite satisfactory.
"7. All buildings are to be
equipped with electric lights as
fast as we can get material and
labor to do so. The equipment and
electric supplies we had coming
for the work went down on the
S.S. Prince John, and you are
aware of shipping conditions
"8, We have the sheets and will
furnish them as soon as the balance of the laundry machinery arrives and is installed. We are
planning for a first-class laundry,
aa you know, and one machine was
lost on the S.S. Prince John, and
will be up on the next trip of the
Prince Albert.
"9. We cannot grant request as
to an eight-hour day with the present 10 hours' pay. Most of our
men are hired on' an hourly basis
and with the understanding that
wa work 10 hours, especially tho
head men of the mill. We feel that
it is unreasonable to ask us to meet
this demand, and must ask that
you reconsider this.
"In conclusion, we just want  to
add that there ia a limit to all demands, and when that limit is
readied, and so affects production
that we cannot operate without a
loss, there is but one alternative,
viz., close down until such time as
we can. We only operate the mill
because it is here and was built
during the wax. We further assure
you that we^vish to meet you
whenever possible and have your
interests at heart more than you
seem at times to think. We need
you and you need us, therefore let
Us work together.
"Very sincerely yours,
Tha meeting accepted the replies except to Nos. 4 and t.
These they rejected.'
The men were Arm In the decision to en'force the time and a
half for overtime and that some
cash be paid with a cheque.
A further meeting was held on
May 10, at which it was decided to
elect a strike committee to ap'
proach the company, and for all
work to cease until the demand
were conceded. Also that the
minimum wag3 for all men around
the mill be $5.60 for eight hours,
and that all men already receiving
over the minimum wage to receive
the same amount for eight hours
as they had previously for ten
hours' work.
■Fellow-workers Helgeson, Ymlto
and Green haigh were elected
a committee. It was instructed
that Camps 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 10 and
12 be informed of the action takon
and that the I. L. A. In Prince Rupert be requested not to handle
any lumber from Buckley Bay
after May 16,
Prince Rupert district office reports that on May 17 a wire was
received; "Buckley Bay mill on
strike; eight hours, $5.50 minimum.
Company refuses demands,"
On May 19 the following wire
was received:    "Strike continues,
Statement {or March 31st, 1920
Dues i., •. •' *      2.00
District members     ., •.         >-90
Delegates' remittances ,. ..«.. $359.00
Lcsb commission   -* $59.50
Less expenses ...,...-. .........     4.05
■ 63.55
Balance on hand February 29 ..... .w ■• •    300.09
».   |, $000.54
Expenditures— -'■
Wages ■:;': '.  $105.00
Rent  ••?••:*>•• • • *•  80-00
Office supplies .V..'  1-46
Organiuztion  ...... .'j«' .........i 98.35
Delegates' commission paid ... • * ■ 6-00
Telegrams  ......... %.,,.-.  3.70
Express    i. 10.70
Stamps t-lt... ■  0.80
Balance on hand March 31  838.54
Statement for March 31st, 1920
Receipts— |
Dues ........i ....^.J,...~... m•'••••' 430.00
Fees ....^..  44.00
Delegates' remittances *,,......'.•**• $1,830.01
Less commission ; $172,50
Less expenses ..,.,.-,,.......*.<...!...       2.60
District members ,,,,-. •»..,,.,... •  11.00
O. B. U. Buttons sold  217.40
O. B. U. Folders .» *.. .25
Defense fund collections  975.55
P. G, Anderson, refund of expense to Port Arthur  24.00
Balance on hand February 29  439.34
Wages  -. $ 320.00
Rent i*a »  60.00
Stamps   . ,i ,..*.  67.21
Office supplies i - 7.70
Organization .-. ... 580.00
Telegrams   - • 23.54
Cartage .. .i  18.80
Vapaus Publishing Company account t,......... i 16.80
Delegates' commission paid -...• 4.60
Defense fund collection remitted  423.06
Exchange on cheques ......i. -...., •> 1.62
Legal expenses    .-  26.00
Equipment, typewriter -. „• 145.00
Advertising  , , , 7.15
Duty on literature ■,,.« 8.75
Advance to W. J. Labell for Montreal district «•< 400.00
Balance on hand March SI  1,096.63
100 per cent, strong.. Company notified boarding house men no funds.
Have given security. Act accordingly."
The headquarters camp, Including the mill, employs about 100
men, Japanese and white. The
total employed in the mill and all
the camps is near the 500 mark.
At the time of writing only the mill
was affected.
The regular propaganda meeting
held In Vancouver, May 23, at 2
p.m., Fellow-worker Mawhinnie ln
the chair.
The minutes of the previous
meeting were read and adopted.
Organizer Alexander reported on
the Swanson Bay strike, and also
on the general activities of the
organization In the sawmills
around Vancouver. Organization
work going good at the Fraser
Mills, and all outside points doing
better than Vancouver. Four
meetings of millworkers would be
held this week; one in the city, one
at Westminster, one at Maillardville, and one at Pott Moody.
The general secretary reported
on the case of McKenzie against
the Cranbrook Herald, and the ex-
service men who ran him out of
town, stating that the case had
been tried at Fernie and that the
judge had reserved decision. He
also gave a general outline of
affairs In the East, emphasizing the
necessity of a French paper and
French-speaking organisers.
Financial report was given in detail, showing:
Balance on hand May $....$6,115.52
Less expense .
. 3,065.79
.... 8,268.17
Balance on hand .—. $5,913.14
Report adopted.
Moved and adopted: "That owing to the wilful misstatements and
garbling of the facts by the investigation committee in their so-called
'findings,' and the elimination of
the full and correct financial
ports of all organizers, that a vote
of censure be passed on said committee."
Fellow-worker Nicholson gave a
talk on the necessity of organization.
Moved and adopted: "That tho
secretary be instructed to
whether the room on the lower
floor could be used for a meeting
hall and lf so to make-the necessary arrangements."
Meeting adjourned at 4:15 p.m.
A recent copy of the Comox Argus went out of its way to eulogize
the Comox Logging & Railway Co.
for having, to use their own words,
"gone to the trouble of building
up-to-date bunk houses or hotel)."
It would have been more to the
credit of the paper lf lt had cooperated with the boys in their
fight to make the company come
to time, Instead of which, when the
men struck three times last year,
the paper was -very froe with its
condemnation of the men for their
unreasonable demands; that the
laws of the Province relating to
sanitary camp conditions be enforced, and the semi-monthly pay
act be lived up to.
Now that the men have been
partly successful in their endeavor
to live like human beings, the paper attempts to give the credit to
the company. They might as well
credit a would-be bllnd-plgger for
living up to the law whilst the
bull waa around watching hin*.
Why does not thia paper, and the
others of tho so-called public
press, help the workers to improve
their conditions and whenever they
nre successful ln so doing, even If
only to a minor dogree, giving-them
the credit for tbe success of their
efforts ? This public press ls ever
ready to condemn the men for their
actions, particularly when it may
consist of Insisting upon a union
camp and union conditions, but we
have never seen the Argus or any
other paper (excopt our own) condemn the employers for operating
their blacklisting Labor agency.
But then, this is easily explained,
for lust as he union was formed,
and the I«bor presa instituted for
the purpose of protecting the interests of the workors, so tho blacklisting Labor agencies and the so-
called public press Is for the purpose of protecting tho Interests of
the employers.
Yours for em and pat I on,
much money he can make with *
truck. By promising to koep him
and the truck at work until paid
for; The victim is induced to part
with'hts thousand or more, anJ-
take one of theso trucks, tgraelng
to pa/ $200 per moath plus 8 per
cent Interest for tho next 11
months. The victim is allowed to
operate the truck for a few months-
or until another victim Is found for
some company who are probably ia -
on the graft. Victim Number Two
is put to work in place of Numbor
One, wko finds his truck out of
work aa the truck business is over- '
dono tnd the company demanding
their easy payments when they
come due. All- the victim can do (a
to give the truck back to the company of whom he bought tt; when
he finds that by a cleverly worded
contract the only privilege he had
was to run: the truck and buy gaa
for it. In my case that privilege
of operating it lasted for threo
Donations to the maintenance
fund amounting to $19 from members at Whonnock Camp by Del
Item ln last Issue, Crib Camp,
Kingcome Inlet, donation to maintenance fund, shown at $1.60,
should be $61.50.
It is reported that Bert and Alex
Doney, both of whom carry cards
in the union, are scabbing by
trucking on the Charmer during
the Seamen's strike. Should these
men attempt to work tn a camp,
union men will know what action
to take.
Anyone knowing the present address of N. Lutyk, please communicate with Vancouver head-
John T. McDonald, who was recently killed In a railway accident
In California, woe an old-time logger well known to many beeause of
his clear grasp of the working class
Wanted—Immediately, the address of Peter "Carlson, who recently worked at Vaughn's Camp,
Mike Moris, to write to G. Cabel-
lan, care Sash & Door Lumber Co.,
Kitchener, B. C.
Maintenance Fund
L. W. I. U„ Beach    Camp,    Stillwater, per R. Gela, $40.
1st JANUARY, 1920, TO 31st MARCH 1920
G. B.
P.   B.
J. N. B.
J. A.
3. D.
J. E.
TJ.  0.
W. S. H.
Gross Amt. —DEDUCT— Net Amt.
Remittance. Com.  Eipon.es. Remitted.
I    169.68 | 2.00        $ 157.86
20.00        ,  20.00
294.00 7.60       1.30 281.30
48.00 3.50       . 45.50
4.00 .       _..._ 4.00
81.00 ■       .  11.00
10.00         .50  9.60
58.60 3.60         .60 15.50
22.00       _„.. 32.00
51.00 1.00  53.00
56.00 1.00       — C5.00
28.00 „       ,  28.00
162.00 4.00     17.65 180.85
18.00 3.60         75.50
..00 1.00      ,  -5.00
•0.00 1.00       1.00 56.00
86.05         .60         .65 .1.00
.3.00 7.00      ._  16.00
8.00         .70      ,  2.30
• 1.00        _ 11.00
183.55 .       «_._ 163.55
•1.00 _...       .  81.00
60.00 _.       „__ 60.00
•0.75 1.00        69.75
8.00 .       _^_ 8.00
189.00 4.00        1.75 183.25
81.50 4.00      ....... 77.60
22.00 2.50        19.60
•7.00 _. 61 68.12
21.00         .50      »  28.50
167.00 8.60      T  168.50
19.00 7.60       1.00 10.00
151.50 0.50        148.00
9.00  96.00
102.00 6.00         90.00
2.00          .60         1.50
81.00   34.00
26.00          1.50 28.60
84.00 6.00        1.12 27.88
21.00  21.00
11,00 2.00         30.00
12.00 1.60         70.50
60.50 1.50      _  65.00
1.00 1.00         3.00
18.00   18.00
15.00 2.00         13.00
78.10   13.10
10.00 1.00           .10 17.00
6.00         _  5.00
130.11         _  139.11
5.00        _  5.00
86.00         „  30.00
18.00 1.00         12.00
148.66 4.00         6.50 138.00
•3.00 4.00          .50 78.60
10.00 „  20.00
127.00 _          1.00 120.00
•9.70 _. 70 99.00
11.00          ,50         10.50
•8.20 _  33.20
31.00   21,00
317.00 3.50        1.00 213.50
7.00   7.00
119.10 4.00       1.60 113.00
287.00 — 25 230.76
73.00         „  78.00
117.01 1.50          .20 115.26
43.00 1.00        42.00
Orpis Amt,
Net Amt.
• 16
* ....
T. S. J.
_   ..
h. M. J.
— ..
0. J.
A. 0. E.
1 _
W. 1. U
■^ ■
.50 ,
'.   , „
' 3.00
.   ...
.    94.00
„ .
D.   MtT.
W.  McD.
.    ...
_  ....
. .....
— ....
__ .	
DelegktM* Gross Ami. —DEDUCT—   Met Amt.
Momber. Remittance. Com.  Eipeneea. Remitted.
288 27.00 .50    26.60
207 198.60 7.50  _.  101.00
*0 123.40 6.00    148.40
108 843.2iF 20.00     78.60 244.75
272 82.00               ^  82.0'
180 15.00               „_.._ 15,00
1« 11.00       „        ■_« 11.00
202 14.00 1.00       __ 18.00
3a9 97.00 2.50        94.00
8228 72.00 6.00         .20 65.80
0. K. 17.55 .60*        .65 16.50
145 12.00 „__       __.  12.00
96    . 9.00 «.... .. 9.00
84* 2.00 .60  1.50
K. 8. 22.00       _.       _™ 82.00
121 74.00 1.00  71.00
240 69.00              «.„ 60.00
288 84,00 4.60  79.50
371 88.00 8.00      ___.- 80.00
T-   9*. 88.00 2.60      _... 80.50
281 73.05 2.60         .60 70.05
31 65.00 8.00        1.50 60.60
48 106.25                 ,25 108.00
B.   B.   fi. 2.00      „         2.00
181 28.00 1.00      „....., 27.00
206 45.00 „ „„ 45.00
130 2.00       ,          2.00
T.  8. fl. 9.00 1.60  7.50
56 18.00 _ 60 17.50
M. 8. 63.00 8.00      ....... 60.00
54 87.30 10.00        1.16 70.14
86 87.00       .          37.00
118 10.00       mn   10.00
R.   8. 3.00               _  3.00
9 . 10.00       *.        „  10.00
3227 82.00 1.00         31.00
181 81.00 1.00        1.00 79.00
205 71.00 1.00         70.00
80 1.00  1.00
3229 84.00 1.00       _  63,00
179 236.00         236.00
3, 8. 105.18 2.00           ,18 108,00
275 6.00          6.00
285 128.40 6.00          .10 122.30
200 20.72 .00         20.22
193 22.00   22.00
10 134.00 1.00        4.00 129.00
0.   T, 5.00 .60         4,50
17 202.00 6.50           .65 19-1.85
175 62.00   52.00
68 13.00 3.60        9.50
42 360.00 6.60        8.50 250.00
E.   W. 1.00              _  1,00
2'J 9 120.25 6.50          .80 114.46
62 822.00 6.50        1.75 814.76
1826 19.00 .50       „  18.60
15 68.40 2.00        1.40 63.00
26 S40.00 2.50          ,60 337,00
197 2.00  2.00
273 89.00 ........      „.  89.00
256 47.00 —  47.00
ToUl remit1! u
por lUIe'nt of
inc. and «ip...$lS,06S,10 $344.70 $166.77 $12,544.63
VaneosTer, ». 0. Certified Correct
(.bartered Accountants.
What Ahout that 50 Cents on May
As a member of the O. B, U., and
a camp worker, I am very much
interested in*the camp reports in
The Federationist. I also read at
the bottom of the page, the minimum wage of $6 per day for camps,
but I have failed so far to see the
report of any camp that is paying
the minimum wage.      .
Now, fellow workers, what about
It? Are we going to let the boss
loggers put It over us about that 50
cents raise that was supposed to
come on the 1st of May, or are we
going to take action on it?
We must remember that Its the
same old story when you put in a
demand for better conditions and
more pay, the boss loggers' answer
will be "I will do it if the other
camps are doing It"
Now, fellow workera, I do not
say that there should be a general
strike, but some action should be
taken to get the demands as laid
down at tho last can ven tion, for at
the present price of logs, there is
no excuse for not making the boss
loggers come through.
Now, fellow workers, I would liko
to see a few more letters on this
subject, and get different opinions
so we can educate ourselves.
The other day when on my way
to Kamloops I put in at Chase and
was surprised to find a lot of union
men eating In a newly started restaurant run by a man who worked
all winter for the Adams Biver
Lumber Co., while his fellow workers were on strike for an 8-hour
day and a living wngo and camp
conditions, which conform to the
laws. I was told that he had been
to the district office at Kamloops
and squared himself with the
union, but the district secretary
says that he told him that beforo
his dues could be accepted, he
must square himself with the members whom he scabbed on. Has this
been done? If not, why are union
men patronizing his establishment?
Surely this man, who is ex-service,
did not co through three years of
war for the sole purpose of coming
back to act as strike-breaker? We
know that Is the function of the
Loyal Legion across our southern
border, but surely not here, although wo believo there mny be
some Individuals who would not
hesitate to shoot down their fellow
workers when ordered to do so by
the boss. Scabbing is only one
step removed.
I would liko to aee the workers
In our district, and all others, get
busy and cut out the contract and
piece-work system. Its time . wo
made a united effort to rnise our
standard of living, ahd this can
only be done by solidarity, for
"United we stand, divided wo fall."
Come on, boys—let's go!
Tours for better condition?,
(Nolc by fleneral Secretary—The
Kamloops district secrotary stnted
that Don Magnet, K. M. 47, Joined
Sept., 1919. Haa not bcen reinstated by me In the Kamloops dls-
trlct, and cannot be until he puts
his case before the district convention on the 19th of June, and lets
his case go to a referendum vote
of tho rank and Hie of the Kamloops district. Mr. Magnet was in
this olllce anil tried to pay his dues,
but I cannot accept his dues. I
thought that I mado it clenr to him
as to his standing amongst union
men. Thero is nlso P. McQunde,
K. Mc73„ who worked all winter
for lhe Adams Itlver Lumber Co.)
Not long ago I read an article
by some prostitute of tho pen, who
stated that there wns no working-
class in thnt country, That the
worker whs tho budding capitalist.
He neglected to suy lhat they seldom got past the budding stage.
As a warning to other fellow workers I want to tell how I and several others of whom I know were
nipped In the bud. The method X
refer to Is buying a truck by thc
so-called easy payment plan.
Tho only ones for whom the payments aro easy for, tre thc ones
who receive it. Tho salesman gets
on the trail of a logger or othor
worker who h.'u saved up om thousand or more dollars, tells him how
After reading carefully all contradictory statements appearing on
the Lumber Workers' page of The
Federatlonist concerning camp and
conditions in general, and although
I do not quite agree with the writer
as to his hay-wire, and misleading
statements as mentioned by members In their defense, as I hav*
worked there, and know just how
conditions exist at that camp. I
am more than tempted to turn attention to the members of that
camp In their statement inserted
in The Federationist, that Foreman C. Sorenson had always shown
a sympathetic spirit towards the
L, W. I. U. A few days ago I waa
making my rounds, iu viewing the
situation of the slave market on
Powell and Carrall streets. There
I noticed at the premises of the
loggers agency, this same Labor-
hating scab hiring agency of the
association, under the direction of
Herbert Hicks. An ad. on the board
wanting men for Jordan Elver.
Coming to the conclusion it tends,
to clear facts on the members of
that camp and to Foreman C. Sorenson as to his sympathy towards
the L. W. I. U., very little left.
Ll W. I. U. Uncalled for Mat!
Anderson, John; Armstrong, R.t
Armstrong, Bruce; Ainger, Grant;
Anderson, C. A.; Adlund, John;
Axel, Holme; Anderson, Wm. J.;
Abbott, M.; Adamson, James; Allen, F. J.
Bucovick, M.; Bright, James;
Billings, Frank; Brown, Alex.; Bullock, Joseph (registered); Brans,
M.; Bryn, Wm.; Buchanan, Norman; Bradwlth, T. A.; Campbell,
H, C; Coons, Lloyd; Carsu, Gerald
(registered); Collin, Hugo; Camirr,
Wilfred; Clark, Frank; Curnyn,
Thomas; Clinton, A. A.
Daniel, J. F.; Deling, W.J
Davles, Wm. (registered); Dan-
chok, Joseph; Douglas, Harry;
Duggan, E. J.; Doyle, John; Dico-
mo, L; DufTy, Patrick.
Emikowlck, E.; Evans, Rees;
Ellefsen, E.; Elte, George.
Fortier, Peter; Freeman, Claude;
Fleming, W. A.; Foot, J.; French,
Greenwood, Hayward; Cavell, W.
J.; Craig, Tom; Gauthier, Wm.;
Greite, Philip.
Herlngsen, X.; Holme, Axel;
Howard, Ed.; Ranlon, Willie; Hill,
Joncson, Jones B.; Johnsen,
Gust; Jonskl, John; Johnson, Ar-
vld; James, li.; Joslin, Everett;
Jones, C. N.; Johnsson, G. J.
Koztereff, E.; Kenwright, J.;
King, Frank; Kalla, Jack; Knight,
L. A.; Kelly, Ed.
Lamey, Ed.; Lees, H.; Lockwood,
Frank S.r LaBrash. Jock; Linton,
Mrs. C, F.; Luoma, Henry; Lamont,
Dan.; Lardon, James J.; Lade,
John B.; Lucas, A. 6.
Myers, Frank; Martinez, Frnn-
dsco; Martin, E. D.; Marrltt, D.
W.; Miller, E. and F.; Morrison,
A.; Murphy, T. A.; Mnrrlce, Wm.;
Moshler, John; Miles, Dave; Morln,
McCurjy, John; McQunrrlrf,
Alex.;, McDonald, John A; Mc-
Gulnness, J.; Mclnnen, John; McDonald, Michael; McLennan, Chas.;
Nelson, Georgo; Nichols, E. A,;
Nicholson, J.
Olsen, Geo.: Olsen, Peter; Olson,
John J.; Owens, John; O'Brien,
Daniel; Overson, Nils; Ostrem,
Plain, J.; Peiler, Karl (registered); Paton, Mike; Ponoluk, A.;
Pearso, John; Perry, Thos.;
Pcdcryzolll, Silvio.
Qulnn, John C.
Rhomson,  Wm.;   Rogers,  V. D.
Sutherland, Andrew; Shortnll, J.J
Sorenson, Julius; Smith, Howard;
Simpson, nJck; Spatarf, Frank:
Spatarf, Frank; Spatarl, Carlo;
Stewart, George; Sharpe, A. J.
(registered); Swanson, Ernest and
C.| Solo, John; Stanfield, Wm.;
Singleton, Herb M,| .Swanson, Pete;
Stevenson, Chas. M,: Saarinen, Victor; Stevens, W. H.; Seohko, John;
Swanson, K.
Turnhnll, Fred; Trites, Chas.;
Tlmmls, W. L.; Tway, V. L.;
Thomas, LornefToltz, Carl; Taylor,
A.; Twalnes, Chas.
Vorlck, Nick; Vlllannier, Setti-
Wiktownr, Joe; Wilson, R. W.;
Wedlg, Bert; Wilson, P. K.; Watson, F.; Wilson, W.J Watts, Robt,
Papers, etc.—Douglas, H.;
Everard. Francesco, Spatarl; Lardon, J. J.; Singleton, Herb.
Dcfcwc Fund
John. Rivers Logging Cnmp. Sointula, per John I. Palo, $87.85,
To All Delegates in thc Kamloops
THERE will he n district convention held in Kamloops at the L,
W. I. U. hall, on .June 19th, 1920,
to transact such business as may
como beforo the meeting, and to
elect delegates to the genernl convention, to be held at Winnipeg,
By Order or the District Kuvullvo
Now, as the members (hat were
elected to tho executive board aro
not acting, the next man with the
highest amount of votes will act as
an executive member, that leaving
the executive board as follows:
Frank Billings, Ed. Cohoe, J. F.
Johnson, Geo. Lawrey and the district secretary, J. L. Peterson. PAGE FOUR
twelfth tear. no. M   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tahcouveb, b. o.
FRIDAY  May 21,  IflO
FnMUM .very Frifejr »eretoj kjr Th. B.
Fcderationiit, Limited
'JL a WELLS.....
Labor Tempi.,  405  Dunsmuir  street.
Telephone Seymour 6971
Subseribtion Bate.: United SUtoa and Foreign,
. $3.00 per rear; Canada, J2.50 per year; to
\ Union, subscribing ta a body, 16c per m.m-
|  tw per month.
Unity ot Labor: The Hope of the World
FRIDAY May 28,  1»
SOME little time ago, the United
Brotherhood ol Maintenance o£ Way
Employees, and Bailroad Shop Workers,
attempted to reduce the cost of living.
The method adopted was to establish factories of their own and
BEATING supply the members of
THE the   organization   with
SYSTEM goods at oost.  On Mon
day of this week, the
press announced that this attempt on the
part of a section of labor to beat the ever-
increasing prices has been a dismal failure. How far true the press reports are,
y-e are not prepared to say, but if the
scheme has not already failed, it will do
so in the near future. We have, in past
issues, pointed out the roal causes of high
prices, and no group of workers oan solve
this problem, and the ruling class is just
es helpless. The inability of the workers
to solve thc high cost of cheap living,
brings another thought, and that is, can
the workere solve anything under the
present system. There are many that are
of the opinion that bad government is
tlie cause of the tumbles of the workers.
Many workers are of the opinion thst if
the working class was in power, in this
or any other country, then, things would
be different. But would theyt We con-
; tend that if the workers were in control
oi the old land, and they retained the
present system of production, that they
would face exactly the same difficulties
as do the present ruling class. It is true
they might make capitalism a little more
palatable by the removing of restrictions
as to the activities of the working class
in seeking after, the .truth, but that wonld
be about the extent of the achievements
of a labor party, in power in any country, which attempted to carry on the old
methods of production for profit.
a       a       *
The ideajof removing any government
and expecting to bring about any change
in the position of the working class, is
born of ignorance of the capitalistic system. It is more or less based on the individualistic idea that was so prevalent
: under feudalism, and which had some
| little ground for it, in the fact that the
lord of the manor was the wdclder of great
power, and by removing him some amelioration could be secured by those oyer
whom he held sway. Today, the man who
thinks that removing individuals can
bring about radical changes, is more or
Jess anarchistic in his ideas, be he a member of the ruling class or a worker. A,
man with such ideas has not yet grasped
the class nature of present day society,
He has failed to realize that the individual
does not owi\. the means of wealth production, and that the means by which the
world's wealth is produced is owned and
controlled by a ruling class in society.
And that only by the changing of the
ownership of them can a change be
brought about.
There arc many workers who have not
yet realized that in many cases the
individual who employs him is just as
much a worker as he himself is.   There
• are   many   small   employers   who   are
pf the opinion that they are not workers.   In many instances' the   employers'
position is worse than that of his employee. Out of this confusion arises many
misconceptions as to the ruling class in
Bociety.  Both workers and small employers consider themselves free  men,  and
that they have some say in  the  government of a country.   They are, however,
but fooling themselves.   In many cases
thc employer can only carry on with the
aid of the banks and the large financial
'  interests. As the year progresses we shall
nee many instances of this if the financial
interests carry out the policy of restricted
credits, and njnny small businesses will be
swallowed up by the big fellows.  In the
last analysis they are tho arbiters of industry.   They say when production shall
be carried on, and when it shall stop.
And in all cases, a period of panic or
financial chaos is the time when the large
intorests make the most money.   Then it
is that the plucking takes place, and the
small business man who considers himself a captain of industry, finds that he
has no more to say about the operation
of his plant or business, than has the man
whnt he employs.   And so it is with any
group of workers who think they can beat
the system by starting in business "for
themselves."   They find themselves the
.victims of the system.   They find that
their efforts are as futile in this direction,
as they have 1/een in the struggle with the
employers for better conditions, and like
a pleasant dream, their visions of achieving emancipation by the business route
arc shattered by actualities when they recover their consciousness.   Going further
.than that, the attempt to improve the lot
of the workers by patching up capitalism
by any methods will be just as effective.
The anarchist is the product of modern
society, just as is thc anarchistic minded
member of the ruling class who is' of the
opinion that he ean stop labor unrest by
putting a Mv men in gaol.   To remove
ono government and put in another will
not solve tlie questions   that   face   the
" workers in this age. The system is responsible for governments, and their
actions, just as it is the cause of labor
unrest caused by scanty living and unemployment.   So long as labor power is
a commodity, and production is carried on
for profit, so long will there be unemployment and want. Without a vast army
of unemployed capitalistic production
could not be carried on. If every worker
were employed—something that is impossible under capitalism—then the producers would demand more and more
of the wealth which they produced, until
there would be no profits for the ruling
class, and production would cease, for it
is for profits alone that production is now
carried on. Government itself indicates
that there is a subject class, and no
change in the government without the
change in the methods of production can
free thc workers. Until that is accomplished those who toil must resist every
further encroachment of capitalism, and
carry .on the work of education, to the
end that when the present system reaches
its ond, the change may bc brought about
as easily as possible, and thc quicker that
the "budding" captains of industry who
employ a few meu realize this, the easier
the change will bc made. The workers
can only end their troubles by ending thc
system.   All other efforts will be in vain.
A NX individual not fully acquainted
■**■ with conditions of labor in tliis
country, and particularly in the lumber
industry, roading some of the articles that
have appeared from time to time in various
publications as to tlie con-
PACTS ditibns under which the luin-
AND bcrworkcrs earn their living,
FICTION     and incidentally make profits for the lumber barons,
would arrive at the conclusion that lumbering was.one of the  most  congenial
forms  of employment in thc  country.
During the past week our attention has
been called to an article in the Canadian
National Railways Magazine,  which is
credited to the Vanconver Daily Sun. As
very few people take much notice of Vancouver's light dispenser, this article was
evidently overlooked when it appeared in
that, organ of light and learning.  It is
of such a nature, however, that we are
compelled to make a few eommejitson the
misrepresentation of thc facts which the
writer has made. The intolerable conditions that prevailed in the logging camps
prior to tho loggers and lumber workers
becoming organized, were  fairly  represented, but the following references to
the conditions today are far from the
-   The wage of a logger is from $7 to
$10 per day. The iaverage man who
follows this line of work, is' able to
earn more yearly than a college professor, a branch bank manager, and
about three,times the average salary
of a minister in Canada or the United
States, whieh shows that the white
eollar has ceased to be a badge of the
higher paid man.
Today all of the larger and up-to-
date logging companies provide excellent .quarters for their workmen.
One may seo long lines of specially
built cars, 18x60 in dimension, which
are divided into comfortable clean
rooms,  accommodating   four   men
each.  They are heated by steam and
special drying rooms are provided for
drying wet clothes during tjie winter
months. The rooms are well lighted
by electricity and have  four large
windows. Sheets and blankets are
provided by the company. These are
laundered weekly and they do away
with the blanket carrying evil that
was so common only a short time ago.
Th cars are provided with excellent
bathing   facilities,   both  tubs   and
showers.   The hours have gradually ,
been reduced to eight, thus giving the '
men time for recreation, which is provided in the form of reading rooms
aud billiard tables, which arc kept
stocked with the latest  periodicals
&nd books on mechanical, civil engi-
neering'and other subjects of interest
to men of a studious turn of mind.
In the first place the lumberworkers
minimum wage is $6.00 per day, and very
few employers pay it, this dispenses with
the $7 to $10 per day fiction. Why the
logger should be compared with the minister we cannot say, but if as stated, the
wages of the lumberworker were three
times as large as that of the dispensers of
the gospel, it would only be in ratio to the
services rendered to the community, and
it might be an inducement to many to
leave the pulpit for the camp.
¥ » *
That the conditions as depicted by the
writer .of the article in question do not
prevail, is evidenced.every week in the
columns of thi? paper. Last week we reported that the Dollar Camp at Union
Bay had bcen closed down by the p°-
vincial health authorities beoause of the
unsanitary conditions. Thc Adams River
Lumber Company was given thirty days
in which to conform to the laws, or shut
up, and only where tho lumberworkers
have been well enough organized have the
health laws been enforced in the camps
in tliis province. Similar conditions prevail all over the country. In an eastern
camp the doctor, who, by the way, was a
returned soldier, was fired because of his
insistence for better conditions, in his report he stated, "The conditions in the
camp are disgraceful. Bunk houses are
situated so that from 160 to 200 men excrete directly into thc river whieh is being
pumped directly back for drinking purposes, the resultant drinking water being
nothing better than diluted sewage." At
varying intervals, articles have appeared
in the press indicating that the lumber
workers have demanded unreasonable
conditions, and fantastic stories of afternoon teas havo been circulated. These
stories being evidently circulated in the.
attempt to offset the efforts of the men
who follow the lumber industry, to improve their conditions, of which the following is a fair picture.
♦ » *
The* bunkhouses average about forty
feet by sixty. Bunks two tiers higti
(sometimes three) are built along each
side.   Usually they  are  muzzle-loaders^
may be lengthwise with the wall. The,men
sleep double. The bunks being usually
poles with loose hay or straw for mattress. This is not changed throughout the
entire season. Instances aro known of
men having been fired for attempting! to
change their old "feather bed" for an
armful of newer; or for having taken
more than the barest amount necessary
to even off-set some of thc unevenness of
the pole spring.
* « »
Only by the efforts of the organized
lumber workers have such conditions
been done away with in those camps
where the men have seen the necessity
of organized effort. Sneers havo bcen
hurled at these men because they have
demanded sheets and wire mattresses.
But why are lumber workers not entitled
to sleep like human beings instead of pigs.
Why should human beings be scoffed nt
because they wish to live in at least fairly
decent conditions? Why should they not.
have recreation rooms, and even billiards,
which they do not have at this time? Why
should they not have baths, we haft, been
told that cleanliness is next to godliness,
and if baths are good for parsons, and
the comparison has been made by the
writer between the lumber worker and
the minister, then should uot. the lumber
jack as well as thc^ minister have the
privilege of getting his hide scrubbed
once iu a while?
#.        « *
Thc lumber industry is one of the mo.^
profitable in the country, and the con
ditions wider whieh thc men who have
produced the profits, have bcen com
polled to live, have been of thi
most horrible and debasing kind. Through
organization, however, these conditions
have been changed in some camps, and
those employers who have, without force
or strikes given tho men fair and decent
living conditions have not lost by .their
desire to see thcir men live liko human
beings. There is mftch to be done yet,
however, before the conditions will compare with those depicted hy tlie writer of
the article referred to, and thc efforts of
the lumber workers should be supported
by all thinking people, for they have removed many breeding places of disease,
which have been the cause of epidemics,
uot only in the camps, but in the settled
Red Wave Spreads to
AU Parts of Globe
(Continued from pago 1)
tlonal Bolshevism, many of them
the same officers who supported
the coup. The Kapp coup hammered into the brains of our militarists that there is no use trying
to govern when working classes are
against them. Hence their sudden
yearning for an understanding with
the workers, and their attempt to
obtain the support of the workers,
"These officers," continues Vorwaerts, "argue that Russia has
proved the vitality of Bolshevism.
Military officers i?(ho lost their positions because of the Versailles
treaty, see also that Trotzky has
college mates and professional colleagues in Russia, all of ^whom
have given their classmates and relatives flne places in the Red
And Prof. Otto Hostach writes In
the reactionary Kreimeltmig:
"Despite the fairest prnmisrs
Moscow's propaganda in Germany
Is un'necessiiry. It Is aided und
ubottod by the dangerous phantom
of national Bolshevism which now
stalks in Germany, not only in Communist circles, but also In the
younger military circles, and is
finding supporters among thc youth
of the country generally."
The Berlin correspondent of the
New York Sun finds the same sentiment among financiers wh'/havc
j lost  hope  of ever making private
General Workers O. B. U.
Have Much Organizing:
Work on Hand
The General Workers*   Unit   of
the 0| B. U. is determined to round
up several of the small organizations In this city, and got them to
affiliate    with    the    O. B. U.    A
special meeting will  be called in
the course of a few daya,   »f   the
shoe repairers of the    city,    who
have  stated their   willingness   to
join up in the O. B. U.   There are
a goodly number of these craftsmen   around   the   city,    and    nt
trouble  should  be  experienced  in
organizing these workers.' "
One of the    members    of    this
unit was on the sick list owing to
having poisoned his hand, during
the course of his employment. The
secretary Is taking care of his claim
with  the  Compensation   Board,   It
being found that more efficient and
speedy adjustments  can  bo  made
through the office of the unit than
Uy the individual worker. All members Hhouhl bear this In mind when
having tb'make claim for compel
sallon, through accident    on    the
A delegation was   Instructed   tol fortunes    again    unless    Gormany
'■-'  shall   break  free  from   encircling
enemies. "When it becomes clear
that Bolshevism is the only way out,
I shall give my services to the Bolshevists," one of them asserts. f
Belief that a Communist army is
the only kind competent to expel
invader^ Is spreading rapidly among
the suppressed nationalists.
Clubb & Stewart
Agents for
20th Century Garments
Known from Halifax to Vancouver as
the best to be had for men and young
Boys' Clothing; a Specialty
Clubb & Stewart, Ltd.
We wonder if tlie proposal to fetftfee
tlie staffs of the different industrial^ and
business concerns is another attempt ftp
settle the lalior unrest. Business isfrupi-
ness, even M it does throw mon orij;;. :of
work to mako it "successful."      .-,'■' '
Sir George Paish says "that it I's^bven
more difficult -to. rectify the financial
crisis that Europe is facing than anyone
can estimate." We believe him, laricLdo
not think that it ean be straightened,1 out,
and that the end of capitalism is not far
distant. 'oi ;
In the Old Land, a middle class \\iiion
has been formed. That section of the
community that does not fit anywhere is
trying to have itself from being submerged into the proletariat. It will be pitiful
to watch the struggles of this section of
the people trying to avoid the inevitable.
Robert Blatchford, says "that if what
the Daily Herald represents is Socialism,
then I am not a Socialist and never was
one." We accept his apologies; we have
realized that Robert was something, but
we did not know what it was for a long
time. We at any rate now know what
he is not, and that helps some.
attend at tho next Plasterers'
Helpers' moeting, and put tho matter of affiliating with the O. B. U.
before them.
A communication being read
from tho defense committee re
contributing the amount of. 2G
cents per member for the maintenance of the families of the men
ln goal at Winnipeg, the Unit decided to tile same, owing to having already volunteered tto donate
the sum of one dollar per month.
The amount already received from
this source was In excess of 25
cepts per member.
A member working at Deep
Creek, on the P. G. 13. Railway,
wrote to the unit pointing Out the
rotten conditions existing on this
government railroad, the camp being nothing more than, a pig-pen,
[ind some of the then sleeping In
the horse barn.
Fellow Worker J .0. Smith reported on the reception that he and
Fellow Worker Wells had at the
Bakers' Union, stating that thc
position of the 0. B. U. was put
plainly before this organisation,
and that possibly in the near future
some action would como from
them, A letter was also read from
tho Bakers' International thanking
tlie unit for the support they were
giving the bakers ln their flght for
better working conditions.
Owing to the action of the city
council, in amending the license
bylaw, to prohibit females from
working in the burs and hotels of
the city, several members of this
particular line attended at the
meeting and requested that the
unit have two spokesmen go with
them and put their case before tre
city council. It was stated that
the council was only putting the
barmaids out of the hotels and bars
but not. out of the cabarets. The
unit decided to send two delegates
totgether with the members of the
soft drink dispensers who were
members of the O. B. U. and appear before the next meeting of
the council,
Tho next meeting of the General
Workers Unit will be a special-
called one, to decide some extraordinary businoss, which must be
dealt with by as full a meeting as
Efforts Fail to Connect
I. W. W. WithO.B. U.
(Continued trom page 1)
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting,
are features of oar dental platf
Dr. Gordon Campbell
The Province doubts thc wisdom of tlie
statement credited to General 'Odium, to
thc effect that there will be another war
within ten years. The way things are going it would not surprise us if there was
"another" war within ten months. We
know that there is a war on at present
against Soviet Russia in spite of all the
camouflage, and tke class war still continues. >        ' ...
With employers acting as International
organizers in thc Slocan district, tlio A.
P. of h. is becoming too respectable to be
of any .value to the disinherited of this
continent. It will soon be as respectable
to attend an International union meeting
as it is to go to church, and it may even
be that the employers will sit side by side
with the workers. Then we shall have
peace in the family. Fancy Pritchard sitting in a meeting with Hon, Gideon Robertson and Tom Moore. Ye Gods, what a
picture? Yes, it would be a little rough
on Pritchard, we think he would rather
be in gaol.
be avoided. It does not ask for a
fair day's pay for a fair day's work.
It proposes that the worker shall
receive the full product of his toil,
lt does not claim that the Interests
o. capital and labor are identical.
It does claim that 'Labor produces
all -wealth.'
"It docs not divide the workers
Into many different sections. It
providos a common membership
card. It does not have initiation
foes ranging: from' IB to |60, but
has a maximum initiation fee of
%\. Age, sex, color, race or creed
are never barriers to membership
in the O. B. U. We urge that the
workers of the world unite."
When Dora Ollphnnt Coe, newspaperwoman, told of finding Flowers In his ofllce grieving over the
Germans he had killed in the
trenches, and of being shown the
metal ldontlllcation disc Flowers
took from the man's body, District
Attorney Frank Stafford fought
hard to keep that kind of testimony from the Jury,
Stafford declared this line of information waa Immaterial, incompetent and Irrelevant. But Defense
Counsel Bcardsloy succeeded In
getting Judge. L. H. Valentino to
admit Mrs. Cole's testimony, because it tended to prove thot Flowers had been opposed to all forma
of violence ever since he had left
the war zone, whore he had fought
with the American Legion ot the
Canadian forces.
Ileatal Nun. la Attend..**.
Open Bvealnss, TtilO to Ht.10.
Granville Street
Comer Robson Street
Over Onl Urrta Store
Pkone Seymour ailiW
Now tbat the American Railroad
Brotherhood officials are appealing
to_ the railroad officials to help
them preserve "the very existence
of the Brotherhoods," one contemplates and wonders, will these Labor officials recognize the changing
times? Will ihey or can they see
the coming tide? Or will they, like
blind sea captains, be swept away
by the on-rushing waves?
Milwaukee—Denouncing the preaent war of the Poles against Soviet Russia as one of tho imperial-
istinc origin and dosign, Marion
Malinowski, Socialist member bf
the Polish diet, In an enthusiastically .received address here, predicted the end of that republic not
later than July this year.
Tho Virile Play
Other Big Feature)
Phona Seymonr 2498 ,
Grand Opening of the
New Empress Stock Company
la  the  Latest  New  York  .Sdccese
A. Great Crook Play
Brim full ot Myitery
Socialist Party of Canada
Winnipeg Local No. I
R. B. Bussell       W. A. Pritchard       R. J. Johns
' Oeorge Armstrong
Campaign funds are needed. Collection cards ca,n be secured
from, and donations made to Alex. Shepherd, P. O. Box 1702,
Winnipeg, Man.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
For Sale
And Other Offlee Fittings
. Vancourer, B. 0.
Tho N'ort Issue of Hie Vuicomar
and t Mainland    Telephone
Directory Closes on
June 5th, 1»20
If re. sr* contempUttnK laltinr nsw
service, or ranking .ar change la er
additions to your present servico, yoa
should send In notification, .ia writing,
not later tnsn tho abovo date, le
ordor thst yoa msy take advantage
of tho now directory listings.
1111 thorgto Street
Bandar ssrvlMl, 11 s.m. sad 7.10 pjs.
Bandar sohool lmmidiatolr toUowtaf
morning servico.. Widatsdar tlitiauaW
umctlnr, 8 p.nl. Frot riodlag no*
»01-»0»   Blrts   Bldg.
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
A West Barrington, R. I., millionaire
made over two million dollars in fiftyJlvo
days while lie was in a sanitarium, ifyr
mentally inefMeiits. Ho has been prb-
nounccd mentally incompetent. What
have our wise men to say nowt TMiey
have often stated that it take* brain* to
make money, yet here we have an example where a man who is acknowledged to
bo more or less deranged, made two ^billions while in a sanitarium. Did he m,ake
it, or was it the system that gave himi his
profits. Those workers who have ,;the
idea that brains are necessary tto extract
profits from the working class sbou|d
study this out. m
Some men are born to fame. The latest
■addition to the famous men in Canada is
J. H. McVety, who has attempted, along
with the fair wage officer, to settle an
0. B. U. strike, and failed, and had his
picture shown along with Tom Moore and
other labor "celebrities" at a moving picture theatre. Incidentally, he seems to
havo bcen in close touch with thc authorities, as ho seems to know just whait effect
the resolutions passed by the workers in
relation to tlie Winnipeg trials will have
on the government, judging from his remarks at the last meeting of the International Trades Couneil. He might tell the
Shoes are good buying
just now, prices are
sure to go higher
Opposite tbe Orpheum
Daloa OUclali, writo lor prlcia.  Wo
rouo» tkt mm to tu
Patricia Cabaret
Ono block eut ol Empress Tkoota*
SMITH, B. LOVE and tko BEL
Interpret tho latest song Ute. ae.
sistod kr Tke Broaso Jul But
'Haste. I p.m. to l
, workere just what thc Hon. Gid. thinks
although occasionally on one side thejr  about it all.        '. 	
We can sell you a good
Calf Blucher from $6.00
Mefi's    Mahogany     Calf
Blucher $9.00
Men's Balbriggan Underwear, to clear, suit..$1.00
Stetson Hats ....$9 and $10
Men's Mahogany Bench,
recede toe, from ......$7.f}0
Men's Working Shoes and
Children's Shoes, in endless variety.   (Try us.)
Stanfield's Underwear, per
suit, from $3.50
Headlight Overalls — the
best to be had.
W. B. Brummitt
Matinco ...
Evenings .
H. M. Nugent & Co.
Tents and Awnings, Carpenters' Aprons and Overalls, Peal*
and extra clothing, Longshoremen's Hooka, etc. Estimate*
given on all canvas work.
Vanconver, B. 0.
Phone Sey. 4541
Slat «p PtoM Sermonr ISM tet
Dr. W. J. Curry
Mt* 801 Dominion BnlUUlf
Union Laundry
Is tho onlr Union Llundrr la ttt
RAND, MS Mala St., an Heater tkis laaadrr.    ,
Lean   year   laaadrr ' Header
Horning aad get it Fridsr.
On* quality, and that the flneet.
Good for one week commencing
May 28th
White Swan Laundry Soap, 5 bars in
carton  —   25c
Armour's Coffee Essence, per bot~2Qc
Quaker Sweet Corn, per tin . 17c
Gold Seal Milk* per tin __ :...19c
Cooper's Pure Orange Marmalade, 4-lbl
tin „.„  .  85c
Royal Standard Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sack
for   ; .42c
Okanagan Tomatoes, 2^s, per tin 17c
Woodward's Choice Tea, per lb .46c
"Get it at Woodward's"
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
Mar And June, 1>1S
Glvlog the true facts and all tke detail*. A book that should
be in every home. Over 300 pages of the moot Interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to James Law. Secretar/
Defense Committee, Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrastination does not pay, thert Is dangor ln delay, tht bMt
timo ls today.   DO IT NOW. ,
Pricos:   Bundle orders, 940 per 100 copies, $33 per SO copies,
lit per 2i copies, singlo cartel 50o each.   AU charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
A Labor fttper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting tbe O. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
Send along yonr subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. O. Box 1508, Oalgary, Alberta
The Royal Bank
of Canada
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Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets 	
_$ 25,000,000
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590 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weat Indiei,
Also branches in London, England; New Tork City and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets. •
Corner 11 ain and Hastings Streeta.
Corner OranviUe and Bobson Street!.    '
Cornor Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streots.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Avenne Weak
1060 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Arenas and Main Street.
2016 Yew Stroot.
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Hudson Streot, Marpole.
Kingsway Braneh and 25th Avenne Braneh,
Also—North Vancouver, 'New Westminster and 34 other
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One dollar opens an account on whioh intereat ia paid aal/yearly
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Manager Vancouver Branch
O. W. TSJ—VB, Vanconver,
Supervisor tor & a
Production Under Communism
THB following Is tho roport of
an interview of Leonid Kras-
san, Russian soviet commissioner, by a Manchester Guardian
special correspondent:
A few days before tho departure
of the Co-operatlvo representatives
for England I had a long talk with
Krassln, who is the outstanding figure In the delegation. Leonid Krassln is a grey-haired, grey-bearded,
well-set-up business man, very
quick In tht uptake and wtth a
tremendous capacity for detail He
has a unique position among com-
munist leaders because, while several are efficient .lawyers, doctors,
or journalists, hi alone Is an efficient technician, whose gifts are so
marked that ln pre-revo lutlonary
days he-had an extremely successful professional career side by side
with a career as a revolutionary.
It was only after the Soviet revolution that Krassln took part ln
politics. He conducted the commercial negotiations after the Brest
peace. In January, 1918, he went to
Stockholm, and wah held up there
by the conflict ln Finland.
In August he became minister of
munitions, and simultaneously minister of Trade and Industry. In
■March, 1919, he was appointed
Commissioner of Transport
Gorman niid British Trade
I told him that he was considered pro-German with regard to the
satisfaction of Russian industrial
He said: "That is easily explicable. Ap engineer is in the main
accustomed to judge things exclusively from a practical point of
view. There has always been a differenco between Gerriian and other
Arms. The Germans always tried
to suit the market; others, English,
for example, tried to force the Russians to buy "whatever they found it
convenient to sell. Again, English
machines were very good, but very
heavy and consequently expensive,
because the old Russian tax was by
weight. Tho Germans, to meet this
tax mnde lighter machines, or made
the delicate lighter parts of machines in Germany, and the heavier
parts in Russia, thereby avoiding
the tax.
"Further, the j3ormaus knew
RuBsia better, and conducted their
correspondence in Russian, while
the English insisted in writing fn
their own language, whether the
customer understood lt or not Finally, the Germans used to allow
long credits.
"The situation," continued Mr.
Krassln, "ls now completely changed. . Germany Is defeated, crushed.
It will be ten nj twenty years before
she Is again able to compete ln sup'
plying Russia with machines. Her
sole article of export now Is not
machines, but German skilled tech
nlciana, whether German or English, provided only that they are
good technicians.
"But with regard to machines,
the only two countries which can
supply us at the present moment
are England and, perhaps more
easily, America. For a certain
number of locomotives, which are
most urgently needed, we are ready
to pay gold. Our paper money ls
useless to them, but England and
America and other countries have
great need of our raw materials.
Actually at the present momont we
have great stocks of raw materials,
but we are without means of transporting them to our own factories,
much less abroad. Therefore, quite
apart from gold payment, the re-
establishment of our transport Is of
vital interest to other countries*
Concessions as Payments
"We want locomotives first, but
we also wont railways, rail-making
factories, and so tm. For building
these things we ore willing to pay
In further concessions. Thus,
we are willing to pay for
building coal mines ln the
Kuznetzk district by giving the
right lo take for export the coal of
that district, We to receive a definite
proportion of that coal.   '
"We want graphite. Very good.
Let some Englishman establish a
graphite factory in a district
where there is raw material and
pay us for the construction of the
railways. We shall pay by handing over for exploitation the forest
areas through which the railway
passes. Similarly with flsh and
other factories. We also have concessions to offer the products of
whioh could he exported by river
and so through the Kara Sea.
These concessions would be
given on condition timt Russian
lawa for the protection of labor and
for tho protection of fisheries and
forests from destructive exploitation are observed by tho concessionaires as by ourselves."
I then turned to the question of
what had been done during Mr.
Krassln's term of office as Commissar of Transport.
He replied: "Tou know that the
Whites, whenever tbey had to retreat, regardless of the fact that
they were efestroyine; their own
country, barbarously broke up the
railway and blew up the bridges,
thereby still further forcing their
country toward ruin, They even
destroyed pumping stations. Theae
we have repaired, besides 5,000
bridges, some of them of great size,
like those over the Kama and
Volga rMrs."
I was Interested to know the reasons for the perfectly obvious Improvement in railway organization
that I had noticed during periodical visits to Russia.
"When ln March last year I became Commissar, of Transport,'
said Mr. Krassln, "I found the railway management, tf I may put it
so, in an utterly unmanagable state.
It was ia the hands of innumerable
committees and sub-committees,
who were mostly pulling against'
each other. On some railways
there were as many as fifteen
different committees, with the re<
suit that it was extremely difficult
to get anything done. Well, when
I became Commissar of Transport,
all authority wns concentrated In
the Commissariat of Transport."
I interrupted: "I believe you refused to become Commissar of
Transport unless the change were
made?" He laughed and agreed.
"I approached the task of reorganizing our ruined railways purely
from the point of view of a technician. Either something had to be
done or we should have come to a
standstill. First of all, all authority was concentrated ln ln the Commissariat. Secondly, individual
control was substituted for collegiate control. Where we have a
first-rate technician who Is also a
Communist we give him absolute
control. Where we have a man
who Is .a good technician but not
a Communist we give him complete
technical control but appoint
Communist Commissar to control
politically. The effect ls that ln
all questions of technical direction
the responsibility and initiative belong to a single man and not a
crowd, and at the same time it on'
stlres that that man's Initiative ls
applied for the good of the State as
a whole."
"Speaking as a technician and _
practical man," I asked Mr. Krassln, "do you believe the Communist system will work, or has the*en-
glneer ln you made an end of the
Communism and Efficiency
"I will guarantee," he replied,;
"that if I were allowed the means1
to feed and clothe the workers of
any given factory I could under the
Communist system raise the productivity of labor above the point'
at which It stood tn 1914. I say:
this, talking not as a revolutionary
but as a technician. I put this vlewt
before the German technicians also,
pointing out that for reasons not
of Socialistic ideals but of pure expediency it will bo necessary to turn
from the old system to the new in
order to'attain that productivity
which alone can pull humanity out
of the abyss into whloh it has been
thrown by war.
"I am absolutely convinced that
capitalism has been outgrown and
must give place to a more economic
system of Industrial organization.
The process may be long and may
be accompanied by temporary retrogression in the amenities of
living, but the process cannot be
Asked what they had already
done to show that the system would
work, the Commissar replied:
"Every factory which Is supplied
with necessary materials has been
working admirably." Asked for
examples, he pointed out that he
had been able to make all necessary cartridges and boots for the
army, and that owing to the war it
was on these they had flrst to concentrate.
Asked how Jong he expected to
be In England, Mr. Krassln said;
"The English are businoss people,
and three weeks ought to be enough
to make a deal If one can be made.
Besides, I shall be wanted again ln
As a last question I said to him:
"What if England and America,
busy repairing the rest of Europe,
cannot spare machines and locomotives for Russia?"
He replied: "So much the worse
for them, for it will moan further
postponement of the day when
Russian material again becomes
available for Europe."
"If they cannot or do not help
you, do you think Russia can recover without their help?"
We shall have to orawl out ef
the abyss on all fours," was the reply, "but somehow or other I am
absolutely convinced that we shall
be able to crawl out"
Home To Roost
(By SCOTT NEARING, staff writer, The Federated Press.)
[By Scott Nearing]
"The current decline of Liberty
Bonds and Victory notes ln this
country, the rise of the Bank of
England discount rate from 6 to 7
per cent., advances made by the
Banks of France and Belgium ln
their discount rates, the downward
movement of high-grnde investment in ull markets—these supply
ample testimony to the shortage of
capital and the consequent revision
of interest rates. It Is, indeed, a
striking commentary upon the
acramblo at present (joins on for
working capital to soe the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Now Tork
Central system offering notes and
short bonds on a seven per cent,
basis."—New Torlc Times flnanclal
column, April 19, 1920.
The flnanclal editor of the Times
further notes that In consequence
of this situation, the Unitod States
treasury department has bben compelled to increase tho rate on Its
three and six months paper, with
the consequence that Liberty Bonds
reached tho lowest levels that they
have ever touched, some of them
selling in large quantities at 85c
on the dollar.
The world war destroyed very
much more than three hundred
billion dollars worth of wealth,
counting the amounts paid for all
forms of war expenditures. Capital, was thus depleted. The demands
of reconstruction flnd the supply of
capital far from sufficient to meet
tho needs.
The United Statos government
has not been forced to pay such a
high interest rate on temporary
loans, "nor have long term government securities sold on so high a
basis of return to the buyer afe that
now prevailing since the Civil War,
Money Is cheap. It has been obtained in vast quantities' by war
profiteers, who are in a position to
secure for themselves, at the lowest prices, bonds that will continue
to draw Interest long after the present cheap money period had paaaed.
The work-era do not now notice
the burdens involved In these Interest payments, but when money
grows dear again, they will be forced to go to the bottom of their
pockets for enough surplus to meet
the Immense demands that tho property owners are In a position to
make upon them.
New Tork—A goneral amnesty
for all Socialists who had turned
away from Soviet Russia, as well
as for such White Guards as were
ready to resume their former positions tn the Soviet Institutions, has
been -ratified by the Russian government, according to the Soviet
Russia Magazine.
Communication of the
Amsterdam Sub-Bureau
of Third International
Dear Comrade*:
Comrade Johnson, aeoretary of
the Independent Labor Party of
Great Britain hae kindly aent ua
the copy ot a letter addressed by
the I. L. P. to the SwlM Socialist
Party. (P. B. S.) In thlb letter
the P, S. 8. la Invited to take the
Invitation for the organising ln
Switzerland of a conference of the
several Socialist parties, There the
basis would be laid of the w>-oalled
'"reconstruction" of the International.
Aa the Labour Leader of March
4 observe*, tb, majority obtained
at the Sttasaburg Congress by the
resolution Longuet necessitates such
a conference. Now that most of
tha parties of Central and 'Western
ipurope have left the Second International without doclding fer Mob-
cow, it seems that the formation
of a new organism of a block of
the parties hesitating between the
old and the new tendencies, the
formulas of the past and those of
the future, Is no longer to . be
avoided. -
What le the oharaoter of this
block likoly to be? What, from
a communist point of view la to be
hoped for from the principal parties Interested ln ita formation?
The utter political weakness, the
absolute laok of revolutionary firmness displayed by the majority of
the leaders of the German Independent Socialist Party, Longuet"! violent attacks on tlie Communis* International at the Strassburg Congress, together -with tbe Inability
or the disinclination ot the French
Centrists to understand the world
.revolution ea the unavoidable consequences ot tbe world war, and
at the same time as a process
which may be more or less directed
and hastened by the conscious will
of a proletarian vanguard,—these
are, to mention only the three principal parties destined to form the
nucleus of a "reconstructed" International, so many signs—that the
organism expected to bo born from
the conference which the I. L. P.
proposes to the P. S. S. , would
only serve to sanction in a general way the feeble ambiguous
and vacillating policy persued. by
men liko Crlsplen, Hlllferding,
Longuet, Pressemane, Macdonald
and Snowden after the war as before. The attempts of these par-
tics, either to demand from Moscow
-'guarantees" for the admission of
compromised leaders, and of deed*
essentially hostile to communist
methods, or form a new Intermediary, block between the seoond and
tho third International, can have
no other result but to weaken,
to clog and to hinder revolutionary
action in the proletarian masses
ahd thus to hold back the formation of the soviet system, and the
establishing ot the dictatorship ot
the proletariat ln Europe and in
I 'The very terms, ot Comrade
Johnson's letter to the P. 8. S. are
evidence that the basis of International Socialist unity as contemplated by the' 1 L. P. have nothing
whatever ln common with the principles of unity laid down by the
flrst Congress of the Communist
International held' at Moscow in
The letter mentions the possibility of constituting anew one single
International "whilst allowing tho
most complete autonomy in the
matter of liberty of action and of
tactics for every Individual country." This evidently means that
the double dealings which have led
to the dlsabter In which the aecond
International wai wrecked, will be
consciously advisedly adopted as a
new starting point, and tbat the
terrific catastrophe of th* world
war would have been of ne benefit
whatever to the proletariat. Each
and every national party would be
free to wag* the war against ''its"
capitalism and "Its" ruling class in
ita own way, or even to substitute
to tbis war the collaboration of the
classes; th* disciplined and central,
ted action of the workers of all
countries, the International unity of
tactics absolutely necessary in tho
Imperialistic era would from the
beginning, be repudiated by the
charter of the reconstructed International, and it is supposed that
the Communist parties will fall Into ,
this trap. i
Comrade Johnson's letter saya
further, that th* new International
will be able to embrace all tho
parties accepting as th* principal
basis of Socialism th* collective
ownership and use of the land of
the principal Instruments of labor
In such a way the exploitation of
the publie services as of Industry
In general, and of all that concerns
the publio wealth, falls to the state
or to the municipality, in order to
increase tho prosperity and th*
happiness of all citizens." This definition of the basis of Socialism is,
evidently, absolutely insufficient
from a oommunlst point of view;
on the other hand not only the
reformist and social patriot parties,
but many simple bourgeois reform.
ists can straightway accept It. It
seems to absolutely ignore th* fact
that the capitalist ownership ot the
means of production can only be
abolished after the downfall of the
bourgeois stat* and th* revolutionary organ* of th* proletariat will
have to be the means of transforming It Into collective ownership.
Comrade Johnson's definition apparently Is contented with a state
anil municipal Socialism, which
Vould ohange nothing or very little
In tbe social misery and in the degradation of the worker*, and
which would even aggravate their
It seems to us that for tho Communist groups and parties to participate In a conference of tho kind,
would be a waste of energy, time
and money, that it would be a real
betrayal on thoir part of our principles and of tho grand work of
.construction pursued by Soviet
RuBsia. The old fetish of "Socialist Unity (that worthy pondant of
the equally dangerous and no lo*
fatal class truce)—will be made
use of for an attempt to induce all
moro or less hesitating spirits to
capitulate before double heartod-
ncss and lies. Phrase mongerlng
demagogy, the pathotio appeals of
ablo leaders will only aorvtr to
cover tho nbsenco of ideal, of revolutionary faith (that is, of faith In
tbe masses), of class-consciousness
and of firmness.
It seems to us that the communist groups and parlies would commit an exceedingly gravo fault by
taking part In th* conference of
the "reconstructon." They would
aggravate' the confusion still obtaining amongst tbe masses, they
would render It more difficult fsr
them to freo themnlves of the old
formulae* and the old fctlsha, (democracy, peaceful evolution, Socialist unity, etc,), and to consciously orientate themselveB toward
the communist theory and tactic*.
That la why we are of opinion
that the British Socialist Party In
Great Britain and the oommlttee
of th* Third International ln
Franc* hav* don* well and acted
as communists ahould, by absolutely refusing to participate ln any
conference of reconstruction, a* th*
new International which answers
to th* needs and the aspiration* of
the working das* in the era of tha
world revolution, already exist*.
And we ardently hope that fhe example of these British and French
comrades will b* followed by all
Communist group* and parties.
W* ln no wi** wish to dictate
rule* of conduct to the advanced
group* of countries where a Communist Party doe* not yet exist or
Is only in a nascent btate. Evidently these group* are themselves
the *ol* judge* ln the question ot
the exact moment when they will
think it necessary either to leave
the old parties lo which they now
belong, in order to constitute a
Communist Party and affiliate to
Moscow, or to prevail upon the majority of these parties, the necessary
process ot cleaning having been
effected, to follow them. But we
would feel we failed In the fulfilling of the mandate entrusted, to us
by the Amsterdam conference, it
we neglected to warn our Communist friends against the very real
nebconfuslonist danger constituted
by the founding of an 'international
lacking a precise conception and a
definite character. The attempt at
re-establishing the so-called Socialist unity ls a dangerous snare Into
which th* spirit of crlticbm and
the spirit of truth may equally be
decoyed. The only real living and
efficacious unity is the one which
has for its base not only the formal acceptance of the Communist
principles and theory, but above all
the revolutionary practice arising
out of this theory. And ln order to
constitute on the national as on the
International territory, this real and
living unity, we muat as well have
the courage to reject nationally the
traditional plea for unity, as to refuse on the international field to
lend a hand toward* the formation
of an organism built on the sands
of He* and Illusion*, and fatally
destined to confusion and to im-
The Executive of the Amsterdam
Sub-Bureau of the Third International.
Winnipeg O. B. U.
Movement Grows
(Continued trom page 1)
arrived In Port Arthur on the ltth.
In the afternoon Z addressed a
meeting In the Finn Hall at whioh
wer* present HewJtt ot Winnipeg
and MoCutcheon, representing
Senator Robertson, A. J. Andrews
and th* employing class. The
enemy must be spending millions,
a* In every town and hamlet they
have several paid agents spreading
their poisonous Ilea. McCutcheon
waB allowed the floor In opposition
and expressed the extent and depth
of hla degradation ln a filthy
stream ef slander on tho miner* ot
Alberta and B. C. He ohanged
them with scabbing on ths miners
of th* United States, but unfortunately for him' moat of th* audience wer* conversant with th*
splendid fight th* miners of the
West have mad* for the past 12
months, and lt fell flat. Ho did not
tell them that tho government representative* acting In conjunction
with the International officers hod
been for months endeavoring to
fore* them to stay at work under
condition* of Industrial serfdom,
and how for montha they had
starved and sacrificed and were
finally forced back ta work, not
beaten, but desperate to eat and
te *av* thetr families further
suffering. MoCutcheon la an
agent ot th* vicious and unscrupulous forces that for nearly twelve
montha hav* used their strength to
crush tk* western minors and
should h* go west I hope they will
hav* an opportunity ot showing
thetr respects to him.
In th* evening I addressed a
meeting in th* Corona Theatre,
Fort William, from which the opposition wer* absent, probably
having had sufflclent to hold them
for a while at th* afternoon meeting.
On Monday night X arrived at
Sudbury, where I addressed a
meeting en Tuesday and I am
now on my way t* Kirkland Lake,
and Cobalt.
Invitation Intended to Co-opcrstor*
ln Greater Vancouver
and Vicinity
The Women's Co-operative Guild
of North Vancouver is arranging
for a basket plonic, to bc held tn
Mahon Park, on Thursduy, June
3. Co-oporators from Greater
Vancouvor and vicinity are all In-
vltod and urged to bo on hund at
12:30 p.m. The guild ls making
good progress, and its meetings
are held th* Ilrst Monday ln tho
month, at S p.m., In tho Odd Followa hall,. Sixth street cast, arc
open to all co-operators. Bring
along tho family, a basket and
some friends next Thursday.
Copenhagen, Denmark — A
growth in membership from 91,791
to 115,909 Is noted In tho annual
report of the Danish Soeial Democrats Party. The number of sections Increased from' 677 to 8D9.
Womon members number 30,297.
Tho population of • Denmark is
about 3,000,000. Tho Social Democrats have 42 scats out of the 140
In the lower house of parliamont,
and control tho municipal administration of many of tho leading cities of the country.
We are not TAX-DODGERS nor would wa do-
aught to break either the spirit or the letter of th*
law. Some of yon fellows, however, may ta& yam
have a grouch againat the new LUXURY. TAX
and maybe you're entitled to it. Well, wtll me*
you on it, fifty-fifty, and go halves nWk you M
the burden. This on top of the specially reduced
prices at/which we're making our notlbl* high-
during our occupation of these temporary preu*
ises. This should mske it induciv* wwugh to
bring ysu this block anj s —>\t oni ol yottt way.
Most of you ar* aware tkat highbred* woollen*
such alon* aa w» sell, ar* oosting today frau It
to It per yard and that It takes an avtrage I l-l
yard* to mak* a man'* suit. Tou know what naion wagea are today and that we employ th* bat
labor a* it Is not worth eur while putting common work Into good good*. Wa sell tb* best and
give you real value In style, flt and material
Temporary Address
Second Block ft of Main ■ Below Hotel Haaetwood.
The Bridal Gift of
a Bracelet Watch
The June Bride will greatly appreciate a gift ot a Bracelet
It's a lasting (ltt—an ornament and an article of utility
happily combined. *
Our Watoh Section ls displaying a beautiful lln* of Bracelet Watches in white gold, yellow gold and platipum, **l
with Diamonds.
Tour choico of Waltham, Elgin or Swisa Movements.
Gold-llllod Wat/thee, Including Bracelet* 120.00 ap
Solid (Sold .
..»35.00 ap
Many shapes tram wblch to choose.
Note—Ihere ara no war taxes on Welcbee. I
'The Houae ot Diamonds."
Direct Importer* ot
Foreign Woolens
We Carry a IMU
Una ot BannocUmra
and Harris Twead*
318 Hastings West
Vancouver, B. C.
Warning for British aad American
<      Workera Issuod by British
Socialist Party
(By the Federated Press)
London—A warning to the workers ot Oreat Britain and the United
States that capitalist* and governments In both countries wer* making unprecedented preparation* for
a world conflict, wa* sounded ln a
resolution paaaed at the recent conference of th* Bfitlah Socialist
Party. The poison gu for a world
war mor* bloody and disastrous
than th* last, is already being prepared, th* ruolutlon declared.
"We muat show th* worker* that
ther* la nothing els* tor them to
do but to chouse between a war
more horrible thaa th* last—and a
revolution," asserted the delegate
who moved the resolution.
The worker* of the two countries wer* urged to close up their
rank* to adopt th* sum* lighting
programme, and to flght simultaneously their •exploiters In Industrial
battl* power as the first step toward th* world Communist republic.
Covington, Ky.—Organised labor
1* up ln arm* and lighting mad at
the recent passage of an antl-freo
speech bill by th* legislature and
ita signature by th* governor. The
act Is so drawn that any sort of a
meeting to discuss the advisability
of a ohange In the state or national
govornment lays thos* In attendance or any distributing suoh literature liable to a prison term of 11
yoars and a fine of 110,000.
Eastern Bices
Sinnybrook StM risking Bet, t
Jolnti, cork grip, dolk bet, ltt
fMl; poilp.ld |MI
Silfll Multipoint Beit, sled pivots. btoltilMni click - Hi,
Double Style,  pitted ttt,
100 litis hn Silk Ua* ..H.M
We save you lhe
Ifoedkrs Profit)
ett ttmra m, mmcwmmu:
MiMt tun m Catmm tt) _
The J. H. Sweder Co.
Better materials—Better make—Better values.   Our
suits prove this I  Let us show you I
Phone Seymour 2351 ,
820 Granville St Vancouver, B. C. PAGE SIX
twelfth tear. no. 22    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tancouvbb, b. o.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
kjr using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
h produced from the highest grade materials procurablt
•-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six months
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
HARRY WHiLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
ft iSffes-—_ Named Shoes are frequently made
WORKERS UNION/ in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of thiB UNTON STAMP.
All Shoes without thi UNION STAMP ue always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of tbe Union Stamp
OOLLIS LOVELY, General Freildent—OHAS. L. BAINE, General Sec.-Treaa.
Vancouver Unions
COUNOIL—Preaident, T. R. Midgley;
vice-president, J. Marshall; secretary, J.
R. CtmpbeU; treaiurer, J. Shaw; sergeant-at-arms, E. Kins; trustees. W. A.
Prltchard, J. 8. Herson, J. M. Clark, A.
J. Wilson. Meets 1st and 3rd Wednesdays each month at Fender Hall, Fender
■treet West. «_
ell—Meets    seeond    Monday    ia    tba
■ontk.    President, J. F. McConnell;
tetary, R. H. Neelands. P. 0; Box 60.
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Loeal 97
•-Meets second and fonrth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastings; financial sec-
retary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
8U Labor Temple. __
Lumber Industry (eamp and mill]
■eet with fellow workers in tnat indus
try. Organize into the Lumber Workers
Iadestrial Union of the 0. B. U. Headquarters, fli Cordon St. W., Vancouver.
Phono Bey. 7856.	
Meets every 2nd and 4th Wednesdays
in the month. Pres., A. J. Wilson. Sec-
treas., J. R. Campbell, Pender Hall, Pender Street West. Hours, 9 a.m. to 6
p.m.  Phone Sey. 291.	
Meeti last Sunday of each month at
3 p.m. President, W. S. Thomson; vice-
president,  0.  H.  Collier;  secretary-treas-
wrer.  R. H.  Neelands,  Boi 66.	
ployees, Local 28—Meets every firs.
Wednesday In the month at 2:80 p.m.
ud evory third Wednesday In the month
Ut 0 p.m. President, Jobs Cumminjrs,
weratnry and business agent, A. Graham.
Oflice and meeting ball, 014 Pendor St.
W.    Pbone  Sey.  1681.    Office  hours,   8
■js. to 6 p.m. 	
dustrial Unit of the One Big Union—
An industrial union of all workors in log-
giap and construction camps. Coast District and General Hendqunrtcrp, 01 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
TI66. E. Winch, general secre tary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar k Chlene, Vancou-
Ter, B. 0.
Association, Local 38-52—Offico and
kail, 152 Cordova St. W. Meets Hrst
Ud third Fridays, 8 p.ra. Secretary*
ttwuaror, Thomu Nixon; business agent,
Peter Sinclair.
the 0. B. U. meet in tbeir union hall
at 814 Cordova St. W., every First and
Third Wednesday fn tho month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Carlin;
iecretary, Earl King.  Phono Sey. """"
Lumber Industry, organise into tbe L.
W. I. U. of the 0. B. U. MlUwork-
ara' sections meet as follows;
Tameouver—Lumber Workers' headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W. Evory Monday
• ej»-
Mew Westminster—Labor Hall, cor. Royal
Ave. and Ttb St. Snd and 4th Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Fraser Mills—Old Moving Picture Thea-.
tre, Maillardville. Snd and 4tfa Thursday, 8 p.m.
ten Moody—Orango Hall, 2nd and 4th
Fridays at 8 p.m,
•rs' Unit of the One Big Union, Metal-
Mfcrous Miners—Vancouver, B. C, head-
luarters, 61 Cordova Street West. All
workers engaged In this industry are
•rgrd to loin tbe Union before going on
llu Job. Don't wait to be organised, but
organiie yourself.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Win. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E. God-
lard, 6&0 Richards Street; recording secrotary,   J.   D.  Russell,    028   Commercial
Drive-   Phone High. 2204R.    	
ars—You  need  the  Camp   Workers  of
Smr Industry.   They need you.   Organise
gether In tho 0. B. U. JnduUrlil Unit
•ot your occupation.   Delegates on every
Jib,  or write the  District  Headquarters,
1 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.   Entrance
tee, li.OQ; monthly dues, »1
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
lories 0—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
ei the month, Labor Tomple, 8 p.m.
Pmldent, William Haylor; flaanelal secretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
•orresponding aeeretary, W. Lee. Office,
Room 207 Labor Tomple.
Itreet and  electric railway
Employee!, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. V. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and /
9M. Pnaldent, R. Bigby; recordist
aooretary, F. E, Griffin, 447—flth Avenue
BMt; tmaurer, F. Sidaway: *5«elal
aooretary and business agent, W. H. Got*
tnll, 4808 Dumfries Street; office corner
Prior and Main Bta^Phono Fair. 8804 R.
•ra' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 206 Labor Templu. President, W.
Iilson, 2280 Oranvillo Street; secretary,
T. KeUy, 1860 Hastings St. I.; re-
Mrdtag-oeeretary, L. Holdsworth, Mt—
Utk St. W., Nortk Vancouvtr.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Preaident, J. T. Elsworth; vice-president, A.
R. Gateuby; recording aeeretary, 0, McDonald, P. 0. Box £03, Phono Seymour
8281L; financial seereary, Robt. McNeish,
P. 0. Box SOS.
Provincial Unions
ud Labor Couneil—Meets flrst and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodward; vice-president,
A. 0. Pike;, secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts. P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
bor Council—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters'
Hall. President, S. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; secretary, Geo. Wad-
dell.  Box 273,  Prince Ruport, B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every Tuesday In the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 838,
Prince Rnpert,  B.  C.
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, |5
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
tn any address on receipt of price. Tho
Scobell Drug Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you up. $3 a box, or two for
|5, at drug stores, or by mail on recolpt
of price. Tbo Scobell Drug Co., St, Oath-
arises, Ontario.
Militarists Get Setback
When the Australian soldiers began to return from the war, plans
wero set an foot to organize them
Into an Australian army reserve.
This was part of the ambitious defence scheme that was to be Initiated whereby Australia was to have
a trained army of 150,000 bayonets
and an army reserve of 200,000
But lt seems that the army reserve scheme haa missed flre. The
returned men, sickened with their
experiences of war, have not displayed any Interest t'H the business
of keeping fit for future wars. The
Result ls that the army reserve
scheme has turned out to be a
fiasco, and has been dropped—let's
hnpe for good.      	
Pbone Bey. 221      Say ot Night
Nunn, Thomson Jk'Olegg
631 Homer Bt.  Vaneonver, B. 0.
1G Hastings St. E.
0. B. V. CARD
Patronise Thoso Wbo Patroniga Toot
Big Ben
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIM    STREET
Pbone Seymour 2137
We will exchange your second hand
furniture for new,   A square deal or
your money bsck.
Capitalism is rushing with lightening like rapidity towards a collision. It will fall by colliding with
Its centre. The barometer Is the
financial situation. The Inflation
of the currency is fiow perceived to
be the cause of the increased figured on the goods -we buy. Theee
figures are in normal times imaginary quantities of gold. Labor is
the standard of value. Gold, as
money, in countries that work on
a gold basis, functions as the meaaure of the social necessary Labor
time embodied in the commodities.
Its value Is measured ln tho same
manner B£ Is the value of the
goods it measures.
The amount that can function in
the currency is regulated and de
termined by the total amount of
the prices of the commodities to be
distributed, divided by the quick
ness of their circulation. The
quicker the circulation, the less the
amount of currency required. More
currency is required to circulate a
given amount of goods i'n a country
district than In a city. Great Britain, owing to the density of its
population, manages to circulate a
vast amount of goods with very lit-
tel money.
The wages paid to the workers
one week, go from him to the
stores, and from them to the banks
bo quickly, that the same paper
and coins are used to pay hie next
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Arfer
reading Mr. A. E. Smith's explanation of the social meaning of the
death of Jesus, reported in your
paper, I find that he has left out
the most Important sins condemned
In the story of that death.
The chief priests and rulers were
actuated by religion, nationalism
and patriotism, in their desiro for
the death of the man Jesus. Christ
condemned all religion in the person of the Pharisee. Because of
this condemnation tho chief priest
and rulers who were very religious
desired His death. Christ condemned the then existing system
of society under the name of tho
kingdoms of this world and
preached a new system of society
under tho name of the kingdom of
heaven. The Jewish national ays*
tem was the one condemned because it Ib the representative nation of the Bible. The chief priests
and rulers were actuated by nationalism and patriotism to the old
system when they bribed Judos Iscariot to betray hia teacher. Judas
Iscariot was actuated by a desire
for private profit when he betrayed
his master. Under this head of
private proflt the sin of capitalism
Is condemned, In the court before
an unprejudiced judge tho man
Jesus was found innocent on e\;ery
charge by that judge. Mr. Smith
says "A friendly court condemned
him on a religious charge." On
the contrary the court found him
Innocent of offense against any law,
but for political reasons the judge
gave an innocent man over to tho
executioner. A matter of policy, to
please the chief priests and rulers
and the poople,
The sins enumerated in the story
as mortal sins are religion, natlon-
alim, patriotism, capitalism and
If we should take Die man Jesus
as a representative of a socialistic
system of society, and tho Christian
era as the timo of tho betrayal,
condemnation, crucifixion and res-
u'rrection of that system, you can
understand why the church, the
state and the capitalist are In such
a turmoil at tho present time, nnd
why they are so anxious to condemn Socialism, Communism ami
all other isms in the hopo thnt thoy
might kill the Infant system.
Editor B. C. Federntlonist: Will
you kindly insert the following row
linos In answor to It. Stoney, Esq.?
According to the report lu the
British Columbian of tho 13th Inst.,
Inserted therein Is a report of the
Trades and Labor Council moeting.
At that meeting Mr, Stoney took
exception lo a card In tho window
of tho New Westminster Co-op,
store calling tho members' attention to the fact thnt thoy could purchase boots and dry goods at their
central store ln Vancouvor, snying
it was taking money out of tho city.
Whose opinions wns ho expressing?
Was It his mnster's voico prompt
Ing him to talk? Certainly not his
own opinion as a worker, I am
sure. What following does Delegate Stoney represent, the Typos,
or the profiteering business Interests of New Westminster? Mnybo
he has to express himsolf ts such
for his dally hire, but, nevertheless,
he certainly has lost his viewpoint
of ths co-operative spirit, or ho
never had any. No wondor tho
Trades and Lalior Council is dead
wben such Intellectuals on Mr.
Stoney are allowed to be nt lnrge.
Did it ever occur to you, Mr.
Stoney, that tho class that you are
sticking up for havo swoll automobiles and do not bother ubout tho
slogan, support your home town,
but dangle across the lino to Seattle to buy their requisites, becauso
It meets their Interests (cheaper
and better). So I guess K Is good
and sound advice to the patrons
and members of the Co-op. to doal
in the Vancouver store when such
goods cannot be obtained In thcir
local store for lack of accommodation. So sit up and tnko notice,
all ye Inter-labor delegates, lest ye
forget the eyes of your follow
workers are focussed on you. Thoso
who are not wltb us are against us,
and time will toll,
Yours for tho Co-op, and O.B.U.,
New Westminster.
Why Not?
Editor B. c. Fedorationist 1 Now
that The Fcdcrntloiiist has become
tho official pnper of tbo One Big
Union, why not mako It a dally, by
everybody giving a day's pay? Tho
American Federation of Labor has
three supporters in tho three dully
papers in Vancouver, so let us start
the ball rolling by opening with a
day's"pay. I therefore enclose you
$5 to start a list. Come on boys,
keep on, start now.
Tours for a Dally One Big Union,
(Signed)    C. DAVIDSON.
week's wages as  were   used  the
week before.
When paper money Is used to
circulate goods, the amount of
paper money must be .regulated,
and determined, by the amount of
gold coins that would be required
to distribute the amount of goods
the paper money circulates. If
this Is not done, that is If the paper
money Is in excesfa of this amount,
the measure Is distorted and inflation takes place. The more the1 inflation, the less the value of money,
and more of it we have to give for
goods, Prices rise, and as they rise,
more currency is required than before to distribute the some amount
of goods. The result is more inflation and further increase in
prlceB, and so on ad infinitum. The
gold miner cannot help* out, because lt costs twice as much to produce gold aa Vn 1914, and the producer gets less value in return than
he did then. The Inflation distorted the measure and chaos existB.
Bits of Paper
The capitalist class has' only title
deeds, i. e., bits of paper. This is
their only real wealth; claims on
wealth yet to be created, but not
yet in existence. It cannot make
the worker make good. Capital-
Ism is a system of production for
sale. The forces of production,
have broken down the forces of
exchange. Production for sale is
played out. In normal times supply anticipates demand. . Each
capitalist produces for a market of
unknown dimensions and takes a
chance. When the market is over-
supplied, he stops. A panic sometimes enfcues from over-production.
Today, we do 'not see the capitalist
rebuilding his plant, increasing his
machinery, and preparing to exploit
the world's market. He feels the
ground unsafe under his feet, and
dare not take the risk.
The workers in Canada today,
taken aa a whole, are better fed
and1 clothed than before the war.
Bread lines ore not here. Workere
as a whole will not stand speeding
up to the same extent as formerly.
The capitalist class cannot prevent
prices from rising. This will Increase the prevailing discontent.
The situation ls somewhat similar
to that existing after the Franch
wars, which ended in 1815. The
capitalist class had then a virgin
world to exploit, and an unlimited
quantity of ignorant alaves to draw
Intensified Exploitation    ; ' '
If a working man receives the
value of his labor-power, that is'(tt>
say, If he receives sufficient ®io
make good the wear and tear of
his body, his working life will last
say 30 years, If the capitalist
works and feeds him so that he
only losts ten years, he robs him of
two-thirds of the value,of hta lafabtf-'
power. Ills Increased wealth Is^at
tho expense of the worker's life.
Tho capitalist of a hundred ybAhl
ago succeeded ln doing this, "fete
killed off the workers like fifes,
and paid for tho wan* in this manner. Thobe who were not kllled;at
the front, ho worked to death wjife'n
they came back. His successor Is
determined to repeat the process.
His cry is increased production,
and the louder he crys the more
the more the workers of today "Instinctively desire to slow up. A
showdown between capital and
labor Is now inevitable. The banks
are tightening up In the States, and
the financial magnates calculate
that If they shut down on business,
the result will be vast armies of
unemployed and a substantial reduction in Teal wages con then be
undertaken. The Inflation can then
be taken out of the currency, ond
all will be well. If the inflation
wore tnken out of the currency, it
would mako little difference to thc
situation, because the markets nre
exhausted. Cnplioism does not aim
at producing woalth. The aim of
capitalist production Is profit. The
capitalist destroyed wealth during
the war, and mnde a proflt—on
paper. Profit con no longer be
produced except on paper.
Change Essential
A system of production for use Is
now essential to humun existence.
Tho wnge alave will insist on maintaining tlio present standard of living, Tlio capitalist cannot give it
to him and tako thc inflation out
of tho Oltronoy. Consequently wc
havo the barometer Indicating
highor prices, higher wages and the
figures moving ever faster, The
problem Js the capitalist's. The
slavq hns nothing tu lose, he never
hod anything, and the golden
chains that bound him to the judgment wheels of capitalism are
wearing away, The war did not
prevent the crisis, It only hurried
It along. Tho preeent state of
things benefits very few. More
and moro people are getting dissatisfied every duy. Conditions wll)
force upon us the sumo fundamental changes as In Russia. Marx
said that the chango would be less
protruded, and be accompanied
with less violence than preceding
revolutions on account of the fact
that It Is lho expropriation of the
fow by the many, whereas previous revolutions had been the expropriation of the many by the
The class conscious wago slave
who Is a student awaits with evflry
confldonuo tho "fulfilment of (fio
things that aro coming."
Jubilee Coin onl Ion Unite* Capital
Against labor In Ojien
NMoi> t'l|(lit '  '
Now Tork—During the Jubl|«o
oonvention Juki oloaoil of tho National Manufacturers AmocIation,
hold In tho Waldorf Astorlu, ono
thousand of tlio country's Important ■iiu'iiurnciiii-.'i-H adoptod t platform oponly docluring war on tho
union tliop, on collective bargaining, on labor's paiilclputloij In politics, on strikes, on Immigration of
any but docilo Ouropeans, and on
tho payment of wur bonuses, Thero
uppcarod nono of the benovolent
phruses of former years, urging
closer co-opcratlon between tho employer and his mem no suggestions
an to "welfare work" and the
"human touch," and no appeal to
the patriotism of the workerB. Tlio
platform was very frank. It will
ba submitted to the Republican nud
Demooratlc conventions for Incorporation in Ihclr national platforms, ■■.,  „....,,.   ^1
I. W. W. Element Would
not Recognize Condition Prevailing
0. B. U. Miners Forced to
Btrike Against Their
The following is a summing up
of the miners' strike at Butte, Montana, issued by the committee on
publicity of the O. B. u. at that
It Is generally known that mining conditions In Butte are of the
most unsatisfactory type; hot
mine3, unsafe conditions, contract
and bonus system of.pay, coupled
with the rustling card system of
employment all conspire to fill the
worker with unrest, which was
chiefly manifested by the exodus
of practically all miners who were
not tied to the camp with families.
The local unit of the One Big
Union, realizing the advantages
that would accrue from the short-
ago of labor which was becoming
apparent did all In its power to acquaint outsiders with the futility of
coming to the mines of Butte; in a
short time If this plan had of continued there would have existed a
real labor scarcity.
Strict adherence to this method
seemed to be practically the only
weapon we possessed, as- several
factors In the political and 'economic lines indicated plainly, even
to the least Informed that a strike
would be most Inopportune and
disastrous to the miners as has
been proved ln the past. A craft
strike of the minors is not effective
In its entirety, the same concessions
ha.ve been gained in times when
there was a great demand for copper. Late events hove sustained
this opinion, and though the
strike was of com purl tive short
duration, the sum, total of results
amount practically to a catastrophe.
Tho I. W. W. Element
Several of tho minority element
of this community, chiefly among
the I. W. W. element, have been
advocating a striko method for
some months past. Solid opposl-
ttion from the mass of the. workers was always present; conditions
plain and obvious to all caused
them to clearly see that they could
not" pull off a winning strike.
A long strike in 1917 managed
by the Metal Mine Workers' Union,
wblch Is uow thc unit of the One
Big Union, did succeed to quite an
extent, gaining several modifications of the rustling card and the
abolishment of the seven and 14-
day penalty of the safety
flrst system, along with a raise of
wages; also with better working
conditions and safe exits from mine
to mine, which were placarded so
that a miner could work his way
out in event of flre. But few miners were blacklisted over this
strike, as labor was scarce again in
July, 1018, os this organization was
making preparations for another
strike. A second raise ' of wages
was given to head off any trouble,
ln September, 1919, another strike
was called by a "Committee of
Workers" and the miners came out.
It developed that this strike was
cnlled by stool pigeons wording
through  thc local union    of    tho
1. W. W., "and resulted in a complete rout for the workers. Intermittent shutdowns, along with a
cut in wages of $1.00 per day after
the armistice, was signed, and with
tbe high cost of living has reduced
everyone to a hand to mouth existence, making it necessary for the
men with families to remain on the
Market Quiet
At the time of the last strike the
copper market was quiet and there
was an apparent indifference as to
whether the copper mines wore
worked or not; in fact, the price of
copper and silvei\actually dropped
during the strike.
In the face of these facts the
local I. W. W. held a business
meeting Sunday afternoon, April
18, that was open to all and was
attended by about 300 men and women, and by a vote decided to appoint a committee to draw up demands and also call a strike when,
In their judgment, the time was
ripe. The meeting then adjourned,
and later In the evening another
meeting was held, and the committee recommended an immediate
strike, which, after several motions and amendments were mode
was finally declared carried, and
caused a great surprise when the
men were going to work the next
morning to have the .pickets with
dodgers out telling them a strike
was on. The secretary of the associated industries had made the
statement at a secret meeting of
that organisation a week previous
that "if the strike of the cooks and
waiters and building trades was not
settled soon, the basic Industry
would be shut down,"
Lack of Confidence
For a few shifts after ths Btrike
was called the great mass of the
workers did not co on shift. Lack
of confidence In the methods of
conducting the meetings, and the
open suspicion of several members
of the strike committee, together
with the economio pressure, drove
many of the workers back to the
The tragedy on the hill Is well
known and needs but Uttle comment, The force of armed
thugs maintained by the mining
companies were foolishly given
their chance to wantonly murder
and mutilate innocent men who
were within their rights In peacefully picketing on the country road,
the county and city peace officers
actually assisting the run thugs In
tbelr murderous work.
The copper mines continued to
closo down and men were transferred from them to the silver and
zinc mines, tin operators continued
to ignore the strike demands, which
|were partly of a political nature,
having to do with the release of
political prisoners and although extremely praiseworthy did not come
within the jurisdiction of the mining companies. Finally notices were
posted at all of the properties that
members of the I. W. W. would
not be employed and almost simultaneously the strike was declared
ofl'at a meeting of the I. W. W.,
and thc men were told to "take
the strike to the Job." How this
Is possible when the miners are
blacklisted is beyond the understanding of us.
The benefits of the strike, If any,
are not obvious, the modifications
of the rustling card gained in the
long strike of 1017, are lost; one
must now rustle for days at a time
for the card alone, and the great
majority are told after a week of
waiting that their services are not
Tho Blacklist Reigns Supreme
As regards the local unit of the
One Big Union, the strike was
faithfully supported, although wc
were totally ignored by theorgan-
laition that called the strike, our
opinions or advico wero not solicited previous to the strike or at
any time during it. Many of our
members were forced to leave thc
camp and their loss will bo heavily
felt. Those who remained are
suffering the snme discrimination
as thc perpertrators of the strike.
Wo can truthfully say, with pride,
that not one membor of the One
Big Union went back on the job
during the strike,
Every struggle must have some
benefits, though it may only be a
lesson, thc action of the One Big
Union during this strike in observing clause 37 has excited much favorable comment, and so some good
seed has fallen on fallow ground.
In the near future we shall formulate a policy that will protect us;
from mushroom uprisings of known
boomerang effect, and many will
enter our "ranks when they know
such safety is assured.
We believe that all workers will
eventually come to the One Big
Union. They ore becoming aware
that our actions are based on study
and deep thought and not on
hysterical oratory and psalm singing emotional methods. Their confidence will be our growth.
High Grade Shirts for Men
Our present stock of -high-grade shirts has never boen excelled and comprises ranges to suit all tastes, from the moat
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Fancy madras and flne twills in a largo variety of patterns, Including find pin stripe, broad fanoy stripes, also solid colors witl
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A large range of English cambrics with plain and fancy woven
■tripes, fast colors, soft cuffs, In blue, green and black. Prices.
each 14.70, »5.00, $S.M
Large Hall W Meetings
For terms apply J. R. CAMPBELL, 804 P«nder St. W.
Phone Seymour 291
Were Testing Out a City Ordnance
Relating to Speaking on
Uie Streets
Altonna, Pa.—Declaring that it
is up to the workers of Pennsylvania to take the aggressive in winning back their civil liberties, Jay
G. Brown, secretary of the national
committee for organizing the Iron
and Stoel Workers" appeared before the Pennsylvania State Federation of Labor convention In session here. The specific situation at
hand was the presence ln the Allegheny county jail of six people,
five of them Labor organizers, beginning a sentence of 30 days for
having exercised their constitutional right of free speech. The men
wero arrested in Duquosne, Pa,,
Sunday during their attempt to
hold an open air meeting under the
Joint ausplres of the steel workers
and the American Civil Liberties
Union, who were deliberately testing out the ordnance issued during
tho steel strike by the Duquesne
mayor, James S. Crawford. Crawford's slogan, yjesus Christ Himself can't hold a meeting in Duquesne without my permission."
Buy at a union store.
Read/ Learn and
Inwardly Digest
Judge Metcalfe's Charge ta the Jury I" (he Russell 'lYIol, m
compared with CAVE In Rex vs. BURNS, ENGLAND, MM.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
Examination and statement of Law, and Review of. Justice Metcalfe's Charge to tlie Jury, in Trial of R. Ii. Russell, at Win-
nipeg, December, 1919.
Prices for the above pamphlets ere as under:—
Bundle orders, $5.00 per 100 copies, 85c per dozen copies;
single copies 10c each.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic address ever
delivered in the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, $5,00 per 26 copies; single
copies, 25c each,   All charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of the above pamphlets, place your orders
early with James Law, Secretary of the Defense Committee*
Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Single copies can be obtained in Vancouver at the Federationist Offlce.
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642-Granville Street-642
Repression the Road to [Revolution
List of O.B.U. Units and Names
and Addresses of Secretaries
General Headquarters: 308 North West Building, Vancouver, B.O.
V. It. MIDGLEY", General Secretary
tffftionto Oenktl Ubor Council — E. &fmuuppiUUoa Unit. Tnnieou, Ku.
ll..l„.    ABA  llnlui-in  .tnat    'I'nriinln.  tint. I        IV   R    1)nn«aM    THni<ui«.    W-»
Balei, 086 Ontario itreet, Tomato, Ont.
Tliundor B»y Dlitrlet Gentrtl Labor Council—E. E. Sykeo, 744, Hwltmiil itnet,
Kort William, Ont.
Winnipeg Owtnl Labor Council—F. W.
Wuodwwd, Room 8, Bulwaa block, SSO
Bannatyne avenue, Winnipeg.
Edmonton Central Labor Oouncll—Carl A.
Dorg, 1033a—10lit itreet, Edmonton,
Calgary Central Labor Council—L, Hoey,
4;l4—18th avenue eaat, Calgary, Alt*,
frince Bupert Central Labor Oouncll —
J. H. Burrough, Bos 833, Prince Bupert. B. C.
Vancouver Tradei aad labor Coundl —
B. J. Campbell, Room 210, * " "
Ttmple, Vancouver, B. C,
Pile Drivers ud Woodon Bridgemom. Vucouver, B. 0.—T. Hewett, 210 Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Oai Workers, Vanconver—Arthur Watioa,
1261—86t£ Avft. East, South Vancouver.
General Workers' Unit, Vancouver, B. Q,
—R. J. Campbell, Room 210, Ubor
Templo., Vancouver, B. 0,
laundry ud Factory Workers, Vuconver, B. 0.—R. J. Campbell, Room 210
Labor Temple, Vancouvor, B. 0.
Marine Firemen ud Oilers' Vait, Vucouver, B. 0.—Earl King, 814 Cordova
atreet weat, Vancouver, B. C.
0. B. U. Womon's Auxiliary, Vuconnr,
B. C — Mrs, W. A. Alexander, 1810
Semlln drive, Vucouver, B. 0.
Ooneral Workers' Unit. Vietoria, B. 0.—
K. Waterson, 1424 Qovenuutint itreet,
Vlctoris, B. 0.
Port Mann Bailway Workers' Ualt, V. W.
—P. W. Houghton, 26 Alice street, Bow
Westminster. B. 0.
Oil Eofinery- Workers' Unit, loco, B. 0.—
E. J. Miller, loco, B. 0.
Ushermen'i Ualt, Sointula, B. 0.
Mailland, Sointula, B. C.
Metoi Miners, Rowland, B. 0.—Qeorge
Dingwall,   P.   0.   Box   123,   Bosslaad
Metal" Miners, Vancouvor, B, 0. — 1.
Winch, 61 Cordova itreet west, Vancouver, B. 0.
Motal Miners, Nelson B. 0.—E. Mutca, 9.
0. Box 197, Nolson, B. 0.
Mill and Smeitermen'i Unit, Trail, B. 0.
—P. C. Campbell, Drawer 28, Trail, B.
Metal Miners, Silverton, fc. 0. — T. B.
Roberts, P. 0. Box 85, Silverton, B. a
Motal Miners, Sandon, B. C—T. B. Roberts, Drawer K.,  Sandon, B, C,
Metal Minors. Hedley, B. C—T. H. An-
draws, Hedley, B. 0.
Motel Miners, Kimberley, B. 0. — Fred
Atkinson, Klmberley, B. 0.
Motel Miners, Moyie, B. C—Tlm Farrell,
Moyie, B. 0.
Ooal Minors' Unit, Nanalmo, B. 0.—Andrew Dean, Nanalmo, B, 0.
Ooal Minors' Unit, Cumberland. B. 0—
Jos. Naylor, Bex 415, Cumberland, B,
Deal Miners" Dlstriot Board—E. Browse,
Taber, Alberta.
Coal Miners'   Unit,  Fornio.  B.  O.Sawyer, Drawer 829, Pernio, B. 0.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Bollem, Alt*.—Joka
Brooks, Bellevue, Alt*.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Aorw, Alte.—B. Rich-
ards, Aerial, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Commerce, Alte.—T,
C, Williams, Commerce, Alta.
Ooai Miners' Unit Coleman, Alte.—H. P.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 204, Coleman, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Coalhurst, Alte. —
Percy Spencer,   Box   312,   Coalhurst,
Ooal Miners* Unit, Csnmore, Alte.—Harry Klsema, Box 263, Canmore, Alte.
Ooal Minora' Unit, Blairmore, Alte.—Rod
MoDonald, Box 175, Blairmore, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Brule, Alte. — Wm.
Moldowan, Box 91, Brule, Alta,
Ooal Miners' Unit, Edmonton, Alta. —
Carl Or Berg, 10338—101st street, Ed-
.     monton, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Drumheller, Alta. —
Arthur Evaso, Nae Mine, Drumheller,
Ooai Miners' Unit, Nordegg. Alts.—Oeorge
Fnrnwortb,   Braaeu   Mines,   Nordegg,
Ooal Minors'   Unit,  Michel.   B.  0.—H.
Beard, Natal, B.O.
Coal Miners' Unit, Lethbridge, Alta.—W.
Potter,   general   delivery,   Lethbridge,
Begal Mine Unit, Taber. Alte.—a M.
Merritt, Regal Mines, Taber, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Taber, Alte. — Alex
Pntterson, Taber, Alte.
Ooal Miners' Unit Hillcrest, Alta.—Donald A. Grant, Hillcrest, Alta.
Transportation Unit, Edmonton, Alta.
General Workers, Edmonton, Alt*.
Building Trades, Edmonton, Alta. — Jas.
Penman, 11338—80th street, Edmonton,
Transportation Unit, Oalgary, Alta.
Miscellaneous   Unit,   Calgary,  Alta.—W.
Smith, 127A— 8th Avo. West, Calgary,
Badville, Unit Bask.—A. Casey, Rsdlvlle,
General Workers,. Begin*, Sssk, — Leo
" '"    "      ■    - -   ■     -ut,
D. R. Duncan, Transcona, Man.
Bakers ud Confectionery, Winnipeg, Man.
—J. Penner, 661 Lm^si-le itreet, JISla*
nipeg; Mu,
Barbers' Ualt, Wlnnipag, Man. — R. A.
Muinhurit,  48  Kato street, Winnipeg,
Man.  v
Fort Rouge Unit—0. P. Cooper, 728 Dudley avenue, Winnipeg, Man.
Ouadiu Pacific Bailway Unit, Winnipeg,
Man.—H.  R.   Lane,    1549    Alexander
■venue, Winnipeg, Han.
Metal Trades' Unit, Winnipeg, Man. —
Wm. Pool, 790 Homo streot, Winnipeg,
-   Man.
Electrical Worken' Unit, Winnipeg. Mu.
—H. Cottrell, Labor Temple, Winnipeg,
Glove Workers' Unit, Winnipeg, Man. —
Miss Greer,   ISA   Burroughs   avenue,
Winnipeg,- Man.
Lady Garment Workers, Winnipeg, Mas. i
—M. Brown, 424 SteUa avenuo. Win*
nipeg, Man. I
Miscellaneous Unit, Winnipeg, Man. —
Miss R. Lamb,  1566  Pacific avenue,'
Winnipeg, Man.
sinters'  Unit, Winnipeg,
Painters' Unit. Winnipeg, Kan. — D.
Walsh, 24S Kennedy street, Winnipeg,
Bheet Metal Workers*   Unit,  Winni;
-W. Stone,  194   Quale*   street;
Winnipeg, Man.
Steam ud Operating Enginoers, Winnipeg, Mu.—A. Cooper, Allmu blook,
Wlnnipog, M*n.
Teamsters, Winnipeg, Msn.—D. MeLean,
860 Cathedral avenuo, Winnipeg, Man.
Tailor's Unit, Winnipeg, Man. — 3, D.
Madura, 517 Johnston avenue, Winnipeg, Haa,
Grant Unit, Ontario — 8, W. Brownloe,
Grant, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Oarlstan Place,
Ont.—Harry Balrd,  general   delivery,
Carlton Place, Ont. j
Textile Workers'  Unit,  Oarleton Place,
Ont.—Earl McCaffery, general delivery,
Carlton Place, Ont.
Transportation Unit, Oochrue, Ont. — P.
H. Clarke, Box 111, Cochrane, Ont.
Oonnee Farmers' Unit, Ontario — S. Jan-
atuinen, Counee, Ont.
Port Arthur General Workers' Ont.—W.
U. Checkley, 43 Farrand streot, Port
Arthur, Ont.
Starch Workers' Unit, Fort William, Ont.
—E. E.  Sykes,  744 Harkneii street,
Fort William, Ont.
Bakers' Unit, Fort William, Ont. —F.
Adams,  281 Amelia itreet cut, Fort
William, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Fort William, Ont.
—J. Dixon, 202 Cummlngs stroet, Port
William, Ont.
Ooal Handlers' Unit, Fort William. Ont—
J. J. Tihonl, 521 Mcintosh street. Fort
William, Ont.
Steam Operating Engineers. Fort William,
Ont—G.  W.  Gundby,   253  Brunswick
avonue, Fort William, Ont.
Metal Miners' Unit, Gowgan&a, Ont.—H.!
Hanmo, Oowganda, Ont,
General Workera' Unit, Hamilton, Ont.—
W. Stracey, 890 Victoria avenue, Ham*'
llton, Ont.
Luggage  Workers',  Kitchener,   Ont —
Adam  Schippling,   66  Edward street,
Kitchener, Ont.
Metel Miners, Kirkland Lake, Ont.—Wm.
Wallace, Kirkland Lake, Ont
Shipbuilders' Unit, Port Arthur, Ont. —
Jas. Duncan, 283 Cameron etreet, Port
Bailroad Worksrs' Unit, Port Arthur, Oat.
—W. Stephenson,   617   Brodie  street,
Fort William, Oat.
Carpenters' Unit, Port Arthur, Ont—W.
E. Crosdee, 719 Broadie, street, Fort
William, Ont.
Civic Employees, Port Arthur, Ont.—Harry Watt, 229 College street, Port Arthur, Ont.
Telephone Operators, Port Arthur, Ont—
Miss Violet Perry, 518 Red River Road,
Port Arthur, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Schumacher. Ont
—William . Collin,    general    delivery,
Schumacher, Ont.
Sioux Lookout Unit, Ontario -r George
Ilamlyn, Box 176, Sioux Lookout, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Toronto, Ont. —
W. Swift, 142 Hogarth street, Toronto,
Carpenters' Unit. Toronto Ont, No. 1—
E.R.   Bales,  688  Ontario  street,  Toronto, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Windsor, Ont. —
T. S. Cassidy, 247 Sandwich street west,
Windsor, Ont*
General Workers' Unit, Montreal, Que.—
W.  Long,   825—3rd   avonue,   liaison-
neuve, Montreal, Quebec,
Oeheral Workers, Oakland. Oat, U. S. A.
—Geo, Baker, 812 Broadway.
Railway Shopmen's Unit, Chicago, HI.—
R. H. Kephart, 4956 Vincennei avenue,
Chicago, 111., TJ. S. A.
Metal Trades Unit, Los Angeles, Cal., U.
8. A.—Geo. W, Graydon,  care McCulIough Graydon, 881 Security building,
Los Angeles, Cal., TT. B. A.    ,   .
Metel Miners' Unit, Butte, Mont, U. S. A.
—Fred 0.  Clough,   101    South   Idaho
street, Butte, Mont., 0. S. A.
General Workers' Unit, Toledo, Ohio —
Frank Ames, 210 Avondale avenue, Toledo, O. ■
Metal Miners' Unit, Neihart. Mont., U. 8.
A.—Frand R. Servos*, Neihart, Mont.,
U. 8. A.
Goneral Workers' Unit, Seattle Wash.—
J, A. Stuart, 2227—7th avenue, Seattle,
Wash., U. 8. A.
BELIEVE it no exaggeration to
aay that repression la perhaps
the shortest road to that revolution which 1( Is supposed to prevent. "Repression," says President
Wilson, using another flgure of
speech in the statement which I
have taken for my text, "repression
1b the seed of revolution."
To demonstrate the truth of this
assertion. It in only necessary to
turn to the pages of history, and
read there the long continued story,
running through every age. of human experience, of the repression
that leads to revolution.. For there
is nothing particularly new in the
policy that is now being carried out
so devotedly in this country. Our
officials are simply walking in the
footsteps of a vast host of emperors and kings, who have tried repression to the limit, and always
in the end to their own humiliation
and defeat. Why, it waa in Just
such an experience as this, if our
present rulers only had sense
enough to remember it, that the
United States was brought into being as a separate and independent!
nation. Oeorge III. had an Idea
that repression was the-right remedy for social unrest and disturbance
in these thirteen colonies. He ba
lieved exactly as does our Attorney
General today, that if you All
country with spies, arrest and Imprison aU citizens who dare for a
moment io think for themselves,
suppress newspapers and' break up
public meetings and proclaim mar*
tial law, the people will be success*
fully terrorized, and thus n\ado loyally obedient to their sovereign. But
Oeorge III discovered that \\o bad
made a terrible mistake—that his
policy of repression, so far from
quieting the Americans, waa the
very thing that brought about the
triumphant revolution which cost
his kingdom the most precious
Jewel in its crown.
Is an Old Lesson
The same lesson has been taught
so many times as to defy enumeration. Tbe English, as though they
had learned nothing in America,
have tried repression ln Ireland for
a hundred years, with the result
that the Irish are more irreconcilable today than ever before. The
Austrians tried repression in Italy,
with a severity unmatched ln modern limes, with the dramatic result of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Cavour,
and the establishment of the Kingdom of United Italy, The Russians
developed. a system of repression
which for completeness of efficiency
Is destined perhaps to stand as
model for all future time, and for
years this system seemed to Justify
itself by the success with which lt
uprooted and destroyed one revolutionary movement after another.
But the significant thing is that,
while revolutionary movements
were destroyed, the revolutionary
spirit remained untouched. Nay, lt
flourished in the atmosphere, of repression; and has now resulted tn
a movement which threatens to en
gulf the world. So it has always
been; "aa it was in the beginning,
is now, and ever shall be." And yet
there are those ln America who do
no know, or will not know; Aba"
think that they can do with this
weapon what has never been done
befort, even by those who have
known neither lojfol restraint nor
moral scruple!
The certainty of the failure of repression as a method of quieting
agitation—the equal certainty of its
success as a method of fostering
revolution—becomes easily' understandable, if we turn from history
to psychology, and analyze some of
the factors that are Involved, What
does the government do, not with
the bodies but with the minds of
people, when lt becomes terrified
for its own safety, and makes re-
stort to repression?
Is Case Against Itself
The flrst thing that a repressive
government accomplishes Is to rive
people a cose against itself—to con-
vince* people that they are right In
desiring to weakon or   destroy  it
Relf, 2175 Proder street, Begina, SasL
Tran.tnortatlon Unit, Saskatoon, Sask. —
,T,  Beal,  209 "Avenue D south,  Saska*
toon, 6&Bk.  (Sec.)
Miscellaneous Unit, Brandon, Man.—Geo.
Oralg,  617  Rosser   svenue,   Brandon,
Bailroad Unit, Brandon, Msn.—Neil Shew,
51)2 First street, Brandon, Mnn.
Dauphin Unit. Manitoba — Mr. Warner,
Dauphin, Man. ^ * I
General Headquarters;
E. Winch 61 Cordova St. W.
...J. H. Thompson Box 18
...J. L. Peterson .......—Box 813
...Andrew Dickie Box 8
________________ •«•*-*• Mutch Box 197
Prince Qeorge, B. C J. Stevenson  Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B. C J. H. Burrough ....Box 8SS
Victoria, B, C B. Waterson -.1424 Government St.
Edmonton, Alta C. Berg  ;.,..10333—101st Street t
Prince Albert, Sask Geo. Tether 108—8th Streot E.
Sudbury, Ont W. Cowan  ..... Box 1681, Lisgar St.
Port Arthur, Ont G.  Anderson    281 Bay Street
Fort Frances, Ont T. Mace  Box 390 Webster Hall
Cobalt, Ont. ..„ ..A. Paice Box 200, Timmins, Ont.
Montreal U. Binette 3 Craig Street East
Princeton, B. C R. S. Baxter Box "B"
Vancouver, B.C J. U. Clarke I 61 Cordova' St. West
Vancouver, B. 0.
Cranbrook, B. C. .
Kamloops, B. C. ..
Merritt, B. C	
Nelson, B. C. ....—
10 Sub. Cards J
Oood (or one year's subscription to Tbe
~ 0, Federationist, wll] bo mailed to
any address In Canada for $22.50
(Good anywhere outside of Vancouvor
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It's custom-made tailoring at wholesale by specialized and expert team
A customer selects his
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Precise and careful cutters—men experienced in
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make it possible to finish
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Sole Local Representatives
Here is a refugee trom Russia, let
us say. He has never known any
government but that of the Czar.
Oovernment, therefore to him, Is
synonymous with superstition; and
he is honestly convinced, as a result of his experience, that the only
way to secure freedom ls to destroy
government. No line of thought
could be more logical than this one,
ln the case of the man whose politi*
cal experience has been limited to
Russia before the war. In coming
to America, he is reminded of won
derful stories about freedom ln this
country—he is told these stories
anew upon his arrival. But he ls
suspicious—he will "wait and see"
—government is government, afld
what the rulers do in one country,
they will in all probability do in
another! Then, like a cloudburst,
there comes the Espionage Law, the
Conscription Act, the arrest and
imprisonment of political offenders,
the suppression of newspapers and
public meetings, and as a climax
the raids, seizures and deportations.
Instantly this man finds his suspicions justified. He discovers that
he waa right after all/ America is
just Uke Russia—government in
one place Is just like government in
another—freedom ls synonymous
with destruction of ill government)
Repression, in other 'words, has
given a cose to its enemies. It has
taken a*frightened, suspicious refugee from tyranny all ready to be
converted into a good American by
friendliness and good will, and con- j
firmed him tn anarchy. Thousands
and tens of thousands have been
confirmed ln the last few weeks by
the intolerable activities of the
Department of Justice. Three hundred aliens are deported, and thus
unquestionably gotten rid of; but ln
their place there spring up three
thousand aliens, hitherto peaceful
and contented, who use this deportation as argument for justified revolt
If thli were all that' Is accomplished by repression, the situation
perhaps would not be so serious,
For few men act upon rational conviction, or determine their lives by
argument. The springs of action,
said Herbert Spencer, am net intellectual but emotional. Men act not
when their minds are convinced]
but when their sentiments are
stirred. Governments understand
this well enough ln ordinary times.
They know' perfectly well that security is dependent not so much
upon the judgment as upon the
feeling of the people. They are not
slow to Invent devices for stirring
up this feeling, so that ln the love
of men the nation may flnd its
strength. And yet it is in times
like these, when the country is most
in need of the love of all the people,
that the government turns to repression, and therewith accomplishes a second thing disastrous to
ktself. I refer to the fact that the
j government, throdgh its policy of
repression, teaches thousands of
persons who love it, or are ready to
love it, to hate it for Its Injustice
and cruelty. Every alien deported,
every citizen arrested and imprisoned, not for crime but for opinion,
ls turned from a potential lover
into a potential hater of his country. And around each single person thus oppressed, there are
friends and kinsmen,by the score,
who are taught to feel the same
sentiments of Indignation as flourish in the soul of the one who
And this has another side which
is equally disastrous; for
presslon not only kills in the hearts
of thousands all love for the gov-
jjrnftient, but it develops in those
I same hearts it new and terrible love
for the enemies of the government.
This country has had its enemies
ln the past, as every country has
had them; but those enemies have
been able to accomplish nothing,
for the reason that they have never
been able to win the confidence
and love of ths people. The people have had no grievance against
the government—they have loved
it and not hated it, and, therefore,
desired it to be not destroyed but
maintained. In Russia in the old
days, however, it was very different
The enemies of the government
there were dangerous, for the reason that thoy had the love of the
people, just as the government had
their hate. The two things, in other
words, go togethor. To hate a government means sooner or later to
love the man who would destroy
that government.    *
For this reason do we have a
situation in this country today,
which for the first time ln its history, Is dangerous. America through
her policy of repression, is stirring
the emotions of the people in just
the way best calculated to do her
ill. It is discouraging, if not actually destroying, its friends; it Is
strengthening, just as Russia
.strengthened the Nihilists, and
England today is strengthening the
Sinn Feiners, such enemies as she
may -have. It Is for this reason,
based on the psychology of emotion,
that repression must be described
as tho road to revolution. The maddest "red" in this country today
can have no desire than that the
government may continue steadfastly in the direction ln which lt
is now moving.
Uso of Violence
But there is a third thing accom
plished by repression, that leads to
revolution. I refer to the fact that
repression gives the example, sets
the pace, for the use of violence.
Nothing ln this world ls more con
taglous than example, for the
reason that man is essentially an
imitative creature. In this case, the
government, in dealing with Its people, refuse to talk of to listen. It
declines to give an accused man his
day in court. It declares that the
remedy for the discontented laborer
ls the policeman's club, or .the
army's machine gun. It asserts
that the place for the agitator and
reformer is the prison cell. It takes
the confused or maladjusted alien
to Ellis Island, and teaches him
that the answer to his question is
Repression, after all, Is simply
the use, by law or In spite of law,
of violence.   Its result ls always
to   drive   agitation   out of   the
warm free air   ofw out-of-doors,
into the dark nnd"gtoomy chan-.
nels of underground conspiracy.
And it is there, in these   places
hidden away from the air   and
light of day, that the argument of i
"violence  for  violenco"   is  Irre-  !
slstlble.    If thc   reactionaries  in
thia country want to make sure  '
of assassinations and riots  and I
revolts, let them continuo in the I
way that they now   are   going.
Let them refuse to men the op-
! portunity of speech, let them rob
irten of representation   in   Congress and in the New Tork Assembly, let them deny men tht
ballot and the right of open political organisation!    Violence of
,'Fbls kind in the past has always
been  met   with   violence—force
has been matched by force—repression by revolution.   And I see
no element in the present situa-
' tion which will- prevent the habit
of the ages from taking the same
'course here in America as elsewhere.   The laws of psychology
are not suspended on   our  soil,
any more than the laws of astronomy are suspended  in  our
skies.    "Things are   what   they
. are," said  Bishop   Butler, "and
they will be what they will be."
■  It ls for reasons sueh as these
that I declare, in the words of our
text,'that "repression Is the seed of
revolution." There is no country in
the world where revolution in terms
of violence is more unnecessary, or
violent conspiracy more Indefensible, than in America,   Our government is flexible, we have tne constitutional guarantees of free discussion and association, we   have
schools for the training ef the ignorant and alien.   It would seem
to be impossible to start a revolution here.   But the Impossible may
easily be made possible, If we
fuse to  preserve the institutions
and traditions which are ours.    A
true America Is safe  against  all
conspiracy, but an America transformed into a second imperial Russia must sooner or later meet the
destiny of the flrst
But what are we going to do, you
ask, to protect tke government from
the enmies in our midst who ore
undoubtedly ready to vlilt bloodshed and madness upon us? If we
do not suppress these conspirators
against Uie order and safety of the
Republic, what can we do with
them? What policy would you
suggest, in place of that which is
now being followed by our public
officials at this moment?
Slumbering on a Volcano
I answer,these questions by the
famous words spoken by Count de
Tocquovllle, ln the French Chamber
of Deputies, in the year 1848. Reviewing the agitated conditions of
the time—so agitated that he gave
it as his "profound conviction" that
"we are slumbering "Upon a volcano"—and deprecating the tyranny
practiced by the administration, he
exclaimed, amid the hostile cries of'
his audience, "Change the spirit of
tho government; for God's sake,
change the spirit of the government, for that spirit is leading us
toftestruction."        - •
"That de Tocqueville was right In
his prophecy, is shown by the fact.
th^t this speech was delivered on
the eve of the great revolution of
1848, which overthrew King Louis
Ph'illipe, and destroyed his govern-
qie'nt. Nothing could have qaved
the .situation, as lt then existed, but
'.'change in the spirit of the government." Nor is it difficult to indicate what such "change" involves.
i- What we have before US' today Is
unprecedented social, unrest This
unrest is in places developing unquestionably Into seditious agitations, and thus drive them deeper
underground and moke,them more
dangerously explosive than ever,
but to do what Lord Bacon recommended centuries ago in his essay
qn "Seditions and Troubles," "Concerning the materials of seditions,'
he says, "It Is a thing well to be
considered: for the surest way to
prevent seditions • • • is to
take a\vay the matter of them. Or
If there be fuel prepared, It Is hard
to tell whence the spark shall
Income that shall set it on flre
* * * As for the just cure, it
must answer to the particular
In this passage Lord Bacon ls
having resort to the law of causation—a law as true in soolety as
in physics—that where there is a
phenomenon is to be removed, the
cause must be removed. If there
is social unrest abroad In the land
today, there are causes for lt; nor
are these causes difficult to discover.
First of all, there is the fact of
repression itself, as we have seen.
It is a significant thing, as Senator:
France of Maryland pointed out tl\e i
other day, that unrest in this coun-1
try, in an acute and seditious form,
appeared just after the passago of
the Espionage Act, in 191?. That
act, in other words, instead of allaying unrest, created it; and this
unrest has been growing In intensity and vigor as fast and as far
as new repressive measures havo
been directed against it. Repression.
In other words, is itself a cause of
the unrest which it is supposed to
cure. Repression must Itself be
ended, if unrest is to be ended. The
first thing which we must do today, to Ueal our disorders, is to repeal our laws of repression, cease
our acts of repression, and return
to those orderly ways of law and
justice which were once our ancient custom. Let It be understood
that once again, not opinion, but
only crime, Is to be pursued and
punished In this country, and unrest In Its most acute form will
But there are, of course, deeper
causes of the social unrest of our
diy than the repression which ls
how upon us—causse rooted in
What Bacon calls "poverty and discontentments." What these causes
are is known to nobody but the
people who are' restless. If we
muld find and remove, therefore,
tho troubles that beset the land,
let us lo what we have always hith-
ferto done in this country—listen to
grievances, and then do what government is established to do, mako
repress of grievances. The sound
method of procedure to be used today, has been so well stated in an
"Address to the President," by Dr.
Edward T. Dcvinc, one of the most
learned and moderate social leaders of our time, that I venture to
quote in extenso his weighty words:
Let all of those who have
grievances be openly ••• Invited to voice them. Let President
Wilson and every governor and
every mayor designate great public
meeting places—In halls and in
public parks—where tho freely
representatives of every
• * '• may express their
Let the secret servico men,
not to find victims for
prosecution, but to catch the faintest whisper of a Just complaint. Let,
legislative assemblies give patient
hearing to delegates who come to;
Australian   Government
Still Continues Its Vindictive Policy
Although lt has been definitely
stated that hostilities have oeaaed
between the Allied government.
and Russia, and that the Allied
governments are willing to engage
in trade with Russia, the Australian government still continue, to
haras, the Australian representative ot the Soviet government (Mr.
Peter Simonoff), and place eveqr
obstruction ln his way.
Up to the time of writing, tbe
Australian government has refused
te hand ever to SlmonoB, his ore
dentlals and papers and document*
connected with the consular offlce,
on the grounds that he is not recognized ln an official oapaclty.
The latest notification is that while
letters addressed to "Mr. Poter Sl-
monoft" will be delivered to htm,
any letters addressed to him ai representative of the Soviet government will be withheld. Moneys
sent to him have faled to reach
him, being presumably withheld, Hi
common with other documents.
Ihe consequence hu been that he
has had to live on the goodwill of
friends until such time* aa recognition ls accorded him, and hs has
a chance to straighten out finanoea.
Meantime, Australian business
people are calling at the bureau of
the Soviet government In Sydney,
Australia, seeking Information
about -Russia, the possibility of
trade being resumed, and expressing the desire to enter into trade
relations as soon aa everything ta
cleared up. Several substantial orders for Russian products have already been placed with Simonoff,
awaiting execution. The action of
the Australian government tn placing 'every difficulty ln the way of
recognition, is not only harassing
Simonoff,. as Soviet representative,
but harassing Australian business
houses who desire to trade with
Russia, as well,
Simonoff has started to issue a
monthly journal entitled "Soviet
Russia," on the lines of the publication Issued by the bureau in New
Tork. He Is refusing all invitations to lecture or take any part itt
propaganda l'n Australia, and ln
confining himself purely to matters
connected wltti his office.
Simonoff states that all attempts
made by him to get in touch with
Russia, or with other representatives.of the Soviet government have
failed—he being ot the opinion
that hla correspondence ls Intercepted, tn Uke manner, all oversea malls which should be reaching him regularly and not allowed
to reaoh him. In a word, he is
completely isolated. Simonoff complains bitterly of his treatment at
the hands of th. Australian anti-
Labor government,
Business Efforts of North Dakota
Government Works Hardship on Plutes
[By Paul Hanna]
Big business has asked the Supreme Court of the United States
to declare unconstitutional and
forever forbidden the system of
state-owned banking, business, insurance, etc., by which the voters
of North Dakota have tried to escape the exploitation of great monopolies. Argument has been made
and the momentous decision ls
In the winter of 1918 and spring
of 1919, the Nonpartisan League
Legislature of North Dakota enacted the economlo programme
which the Supremo Court ls now
asked to abolish and forbid. That
programme, already in successful
operation, comprises state flour
mills and grain terminal elevators,
a state bank, state hall Insurance
and state home building system.
'' Bofore and since its enactment,
the people have endorsed the programme by their votes, while state
and federal courts have declared lt
valid. Every delay available to
vast corporate wealth and corrupt
politics was exhausted to kill the
programme before the appeal was
made to the Supreme Court,
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Near Homer
Thii Official Lilt of Vancouver Allied Printing OffloM
,   LAJUH.
BLOCHBEROEB, F. B., Ut Browhrsy But-
BRAHD, _f__ 020 PendM BtrwtWwl™
B" 0.'PRINTING'ft LITHO. CO., Smyth* sad Homer...
CLARK A STUARTjSa^SeymoojJtreel...
..Seymour 36TI
OOWAHJ_3-^l-li-^^J^XV^^ ^^^'
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 437 Dunsinulr SttMt-
JEFFEUT,   W. A.,  2168  Puksr  Strett ,	
KERSHAW, J. A., 639 How* Stmt  	
LATTA,  R.  P.,   World Building...
_„...Btymour MIS
„_. Beymour S
„_„Beymoir 44f 0
 Beymouf 1101
 .Hlgblud UST
-.Seymour MT4
VAIN PRINTINO Co., SSS1 Htta Street—
HcLEAN k SHOBMAKER, North VtnwttTer.
MITCHELL-FOLEY, LTD.,  129 Hutlngi Street
NORTH SHORE PREBS, North Vineouwr.	
PACIFIC FRINTER8, 600 Bestty Btreet	
ROEDDE, O. A., 616 Homer Street...
8UNJOB PRESSESj m Pender" 8treet_We«t.
TECHNICAL PRESS,  Mlnei Building, Homer Street-
TIMMS, A. H., 230 Fourteenth Avenue Eut 	
WARD, ELLWOOD k CO., 818 Homer Street...
WHITE k BINDON, 521 Pender Street Weit.	
....Seymour SSSS
...Fnirmont 621X
—Soymour ISIS
....Seymour ISN
-..Seymou 1114
Writs "Union UM" on Tour Oopy What Tos Bnd It U tht Prist*
then from such assemblies. Let
grand juries weigh their complaints, whether against individuate
or against any oxlstlng abuse
which might be remedied. Let the
Industries be represented by their
detectives, not to spot agitators to|
discharge them, but to make careful notes of any bad practices which
might be reformed. Let radical
Journals be published freely
• • • and let courts, prosecutors, legislators and executors
study them anxiously, to see what
evidence they may possible present
of crimes which they have overlooked. • • • Let it be considered bad form to characterize any
man as a Bolshevist merely because
you do not agree with him, • '
Let us have parades of Socialists
or Communists, or Christians,
any other sect that can muster
enough enthusiasm and confidence
ln their cause to make a showing.
Let us make lt ths greatest offense
against morals and manners to silence the voice of a prophet; to refuse a respectful hearing to those
who speak in ths name of a more
perfect Justice, la the name of a
better social order."
By such methods would we discover the causes ot unrest; by such
a spirit could ws end them; and
by thus ending them, end the "seditions and troubles" that beset us.
The whole truth, after all, ls
summed up by Ralph Waldo Emerson in his essay on "Politics." We
foolish poople still rely on force,
rtot yet learning that force can only
bring us force, as tiate brings hate.
Not yet havo we dared to try "the
power of love, as the basis of a
State." But when we Oo, we shall
discover, as all great prophets
have afHrjned, "that thousands of
human beings might share and
obey each with the other the
grandest and truest sentiments, as
well as a knot of frlonds, or a pair
of lovers."—From Unity,
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
lUU .tin, pnuullr •ttutet tl
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks aat An TboroogblT Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successor, to H. V03 a SON
Next Door to Logger.1 Hall
Phone Seymour 65» Repair. Dona While Ton Wall
Abrams the Tailor
611 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
Fresh Out Flowwi, Funeral Dealgu, Wedding Bouquet., Pot Plant.
Ornamental and Bhada Irete, Seeds, Bulla, Flortitt' BundilM
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Haatinga Street Bait TM ChUTUla Strert
Seimoui 888-671 Seymour MIS
Your Foot Expands
Thl. U en. reason why proper fit la at
lmportiitt when buying .hoes. Improperly fitted shoes cause more foot troublea
than all other reason, combined.
Carefully fitted quality .hot. Ilk. eur
shoes win give you I6S oomtortahto
days every year. Let us show y.u tk.
new models.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
"Union-Mode Footwear*' PAGE EIGHT
FRIDAY May 28,  192* iji
BOYS' DEPT.—2nd floor
Union-Made Clothes
for Union Men
Tou are a Union Man. Do you wear Union Clothes?
Perhaps, you have never given the matter serious thought.
If you have, you cannot help but realize that it is good
business on your part to support Union Labor in a practical
way. This is the only Store in Vancouver that sells Union-
Made Clothes. Tou may think that our selling of Union
Clothes is purely self-interest. We frankly admit that we
are interested in ourselves and our own success. But, we
ean honestly say, that if these Union-Made Clothes did not
measure up to our standard of Clothes value ln style, flt,
and quality of materials used, we would not recommend
them. In fact, we will go further than that and say if
these clothes do not provo satisfactory to you, bring them
back and we will refund your money.
There are exceptional A A £
values at .
$40, $50, $60 to $75
The Home of
The only store in Vancouver selling
Union-Made Clothes
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys
Great excitement prevails at the
department of Justice, In the
straw vote taken by the Literary
Digest, Palmer has caught up with
his captive, Gene Debs. Who says
that justice is not its own reward?
When through with this paper,
ass it on.
Seattle—Seattle has lost 30,000
in population during the last few
months as a result of the antiunion campaign being . waged by
the associated industries, according
to a statement to the Federated
Press by Frank W. Cotterill, member of the state legislature, and
member of tftte Seattle Chamber of
Commerce. Cotterill declares that
many of the 30,000 are employors
the very people for whom the associated industries is supposed to
Where ls your -union button?
Our Groceries
Going Down
A cash and carry system will bc started on June 1 in
connection with our stores as we are now in a position to
lower priees and at the same time give an advantage to
those who carry home thcir goods.
Our combination   special   for
Saturday consists of
Nabob Coffee, per lb  IBe
Dried Green Peas, 4 lbs. .25c
Empress Spices, all kinds,
per tin „ 10c
Best Wheat, per sack ....$5.75
Best Scratch, per sack ....$5.95
And  n   Purchasing   Dividend
With All Salt*
Co-operative Stores
VANCOUVER 41 and 43 PENDER W.    SEV. 408
Owing to the lateness of the
season we are offering our high .
grade LADIES' DRESSES at a
DISCOUNT OF 15%. These nre
tlie newest styles—the quality
and tailoring can not be surpassed. We have a well varied
stock ln all desired shades and
materials—only a small deposit
required, the balance on easy
terms. *Milady will do well to
select from these,
Men's New Summer Suits
The smart dressed young man
will find the model suit ho desires among our new stock of
Belted, Waistline, or Corset effects—exceptional In style and
value—more conservative' models for the older business man.
I      .Phone Soy. ,8«1
Oppoolte Dally Province
Conscientious    Objectors
Are Still Languishing
in U. S. Hell Holes
Chicago—Fifty conscientious ,ob
jectors at Fort Douglas, Utah, slil.l
are carrying on the strike against
militarism that they began nine
months ago. They refuse to work
under military orders; although if
they agreed to do so they probably
would be released.
This statement reveals the policy
of the department as regards thiB
class of political prisoners.
"Out of 142 prisoners, 185 of
whom are conscientious objectors,
a total of 40 have from time to
time gone to work. Those 40 include the seven ex-soldiers and 21
C. O.'s who had never refused to
■worjt previous to coming to Fort
Douglas. Only tho remaining 12
never had worked, or had refused
to work at Fort'Leavenworth, and
even in their cases, there were extenuating- circumstances, for thc
pressure brought to bear by their
relatives and friends, at the behest
of thc war department and its at
lies, was enough to cause any onc
devoid of a strong mind and a determined will, to weaken. Some of
these 12 men frankly admit they
'did wrong by going to work, but
could not hold out any longer.'
'"We feel that, in addition to
abandoning our principles, it were
sheer cowardice to do in time of
peaco what We steadfastly refused
to do in time of war.
The use of bayonets, the dungeon, starvation, beating, cold
baths in ze^p weather, and numerous other forms of brutality and
Intimidation having failed to break
our spirits, in this stand against
militarism, officials at Washington
are trying to Induce our relatives
and friends to persuade us to give
up the ship. This will'not avail;
there Is no middle ground; there
shall be no compromise. We are
convinced that militarism Is in violent conflict with the laws and na*>
ture, and, cost what it may, we are
going to preach this doctrine by
Seattle.—Striking longshoremen
here aro undertaking to load and
unload ships through their own
concern, thc Longshoremen's Co-op-
crative association. Longshoremen's
union 38-1.2 is preparing to do
stevedoring contracting In all othen
Pacific ports. This is labor's challenge to the anti-union figlit being
waged by the employers.
Varley Declined to Accept
Invitation to Debate
With Christophers
Organizer Christophers reports
the launching of a Transportation
Unit tt Moose Ja-w and also a unit
of Hotel and Restaurant Employees. He also addressed tho
Carpenters' Unio'n, Boilermakers'
Union and Freight Handlers' Union and was given a splendid hearing al each. A, F. of L. Organizers
Varley, Somerville and McKenzle
were all on the ground and at the
meetings but, as usual, failed to
solidify the A. F. of L. organizations. At a meeting of the Moose
Jaw Trades and Labor Oouncll
Varley made statements and insinuations which called for discussion but when challenged to a debate by Organizer Christophers,
London—The abolition pf money
wages, and the substitution of payment in kind, was decided upon at
the all-Russian Trade Union Congress in Moscow, according to a
wireless messeage received here.
The congress decided that aa soon
as possible, wages should be paid In
articles of primary importance, Instead of in money. A close, connection between tho food commissariat and the unions would accomplish this, it was decided.
Quarter of a Million People Benefit
Through Colecttve Ownership
of Enterprises
(By the Federated Press)
Berlin, Germany.—With a municipal council controlled by Socialists
and a Socialist mayor, the Greater
Berlin suburb of Neukoellu has for
tlie last year been going Into business for the benefit of its 270,000
inhabitants and, acording to a recent report, has been making a success of lt. It Is operating two coal
mines aim four brickyards, has
about 4000 workers busy building
houses, bridges, tunnels, etc., is running a cabinet-making shop employing 120 men, is dealing in foodstuffs by the wholesale, and is ln
the clothing business on a big scale.
The municipal couneil started its
operation in food stuffs by taking
12,000,000 marks of city funds and
organizing a special company. Then
it turned its trade in old army
clothes into a city clothing establishment, with a stock recently
valued at 20,000,000 marks and
steadily increasing, despite the
lively business done. The Neu-
koelln clothing ls sold at prices
ranging from 100 to 200 marks lees
per suit than the prices asked by
private dealers, with the result
that the huge orders have come ln
from different parts of the country.
All kinds of clothing are handled,
tncludli.£ shoes, and the dally Bales
average about 75,000 marks.
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. It Is up to you to sup*
port them.
Patronize FED Advertisers.
\lt is coming slow, but surely, tho' the way is long and drear.
And thc power of Mammon still supremely reigns;
The spoiler yet is with us, and complacently adheres
To the wealth produced with labor and with pain!
The toiling millions still slave on, in ignorance profound,
In the factory hell and deeply-fathom'd mine;
But a few have used their reason, and will be no longer bound,.
And are looking forward to the Coming Time!
When no haughty, lordly parasite will own our mother earth,
And tribute to him all be forced to pay;
.And ever render homage from tho day that saw our birth
To some lazy, idle, worthless popinjay!
The country will be ours indeed, and all will happy be,
With a joy and pleasure ono ean Bcnrce define;
The land thieves will have left us, and of rent we shall be free,
So we're looking forward to the Coming Time!
When no useless, plund'rlng plutocrat shall live on honest men,
Amassing millions from the worker's toil;
And in the name of charity restore a trifle—when
They're idle thro' accumulated spoil!
Ah, won't there be rejoicing when he's thrown from, our back,
Then Labor will be free in *v'ry clime;
Each one Hia 11 have his fruits, and no necessities will lack,
So we're looking forward to the Coming Time!
When the hag of Superstitions with her chloroforming art, ,
Will have fled, and mankind, mentally, ls free; '
Then Hypocrisy will cease to lurk within the human heart,
When we worship at the shrine of Athene!
The mem'ry of thc present time will seem a horrid dream,
And shibboleths and hoary creeds a crime;
Whon Reason sways "her sceptre In Theology's demesne,
So we're looking forward to the Coming Time!
When land and all industries are in the worker's hand,
Then wealth will be the heritage of all;
Red war shall be abolished, for no one will covet land,
Or desire to hold his fellow-man in thrall!
When each shall labor constant for all the people's good,
And the hearts of all to love and truth incline;
And humanity is welded int6 one wide brotherhood,'
So we'ro looking forward to the Coining Time!
When Art shall flnd expression in the cities that shall rise,
Far surpassing thoso of Ancient Greece and Rome;
Where no one shall beg a brother for the right to live and die,      ,
And in his native land possess no home! *
Where tho maidens will be vestal, will not sell themselves for gold,
A prey to ev.'ry libertine's design;
For Love will then be free, instead of being bought and sold,   .
So we're looking forward to thp Coming Time!
When the voices of the children thro' the sylvan glades will ring.
Like the emerald waves that seek the corul shores;
And the birds o'erhead in ecstacy exquisite 'matins sing.
As they joyous flit thro' scented sycamores!
Then thc children will be nourished, uot slowly done to death,
No longer forced to weary, droop, and pine,
For Starvation will have vanished, with its deadly, chilling breath,
So we're looking forward to the Coming Time!
It is coming slow, but surely, tho' the way is long and drear,
Anil our numbers meantime may perhaps be few;
While those that should be with us only supercilious sneer
At thc slow Increasing band of heroes true!
Liko a snowball we shall gather, for we are the pioneers
That shall build a glorious edifice, sublime;
Tho Co-operative Commonwealth, the dream of sage and seer,.
So, Comrades, speed the golden Coming Time! ,
—Bardie MePhee, in  the Glasgow Worker,
Battle of the
(Continued from page 1)
your colleagues—go to Russia, and,
with the full facts In your possession, come back and then summon
the conference which shall consider
thn new International."
The Dally Herald itself supports
the plan for tho Swiss conference.
"There are," it says, "two views
held by the Third International:'*
1. That it claims to impose tho
method as well as the objective of
the rovolution on its adherents;
2, That it leaves open the choice
of method, but demands an overwhelming purpose to take the
quickest way to the overthrow of
capitalism. We accept the latter
Interpretation on the strength of
Lenin's own personal assurance.
Thc purpose of the Swiss conference should bn to remove all doubt
as to the Moscow programme; and
thereafter if our intervention is
right, to affiliate with Moscow; If
our interpretation Ib wrong, to set
up an International on thc basis of
the formula of "the overthrow of
capitalism in the quickest possiblo
way, leaving tho choice of method
to thc constituent parties."
Ask your grocer lf his clerks art
In the union?
Dublin, Ireland—The workers of
Ireland have no intention of establishing a republic similar to the
United States, according to Thomns
Johnson, acting secretary of the
Trades Congress,
Made to meet the tastes
and requirements of
men of all ages.
Every suit is tailored in
the best possible way
and bears a label showing by whom made.
_~    Sold exclusively by
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
. A. Barnard Discusses
Timely Topic at the
T. A. Barnard, at the Royal
meeting on .Sunday evening, considered the question of "Why Poland Fights the Bolsheviks." He
pointed out in preface that the social system was now so complicated and dove-tailed that no country
could sink or swim without affecting all the other countries in the
world. As an instance, the death
of one grand duke In some obscure
corner of Europe had been made
the occasion of d war costing, in
the speaker's estimation, an ultimate total of 100,000,000 human
As a further preliminary to his
main topic, Comrade Barnard complained that "we seem to deal with
effects rather than the cauBe." For
example, children were bred in the
slums, in Vancouver or elsewhere,
where the whole environment conduced to their being defective and
criminal; then millions of dollars
were spent in trying to salve them,
"Why not make the slums impossible?" he asked, "and so not have
the product of the slums."
Going back to 1018, the speaker
recalled the situation when General
Manneheim was generalissimo ,in
Finland, and British and German
soldiers fought under him side by
side again the Bolsheviks. A little
later, the British navy was protecting the German rear at Riga, although Britain and Germany were
still at war. This state of affairs
followed immediately after Russia
had instituted a system of production for use instead of for the Czar
and his like. A "cordon sanitairc1
of Allied troops was formed to
smash the Bolsheviks who were opposing modern capitalism. German troops were joined with British, French, Italian, Japanese, etc.
for this purpose.
These troops, however, refused to
go forward when ordered; they
asked why they had to shoot the
Russian workmen, and said they
would rather die by the bullets of
their own comrades. The cordon
sanltaire of Clemenceau therefore
failed to destroy this menace to
But tt was a mistake to think
that capitalism, was thus destroyed.
The capitalist was very much alive
yet, and was prepared to put Up
a big flght—a hard flght and a
dirty one—"und once you've put
him off, he won't keep off."
Yudendltch next set out to save
"democracy." Then Kolchak appeared, as a bright star in the east,
to establish "democratic" government in Russia. He died before his
work was done. (Laughter,)
< Denikin then came to save the
world for "democracy;" he did'nt
get there. All these were assisted
by the Allies and by International
capitalism, because the Bolshevik
government was a menace, to capitalism the world over.
The speaker proceeded to quote
from "Red Russia," showing how
the armistice terms provided .that
the Germans should not withdraw
their troops fnfln Russia until the
Allies were ready to replace them;
and, even ln the new year, British
ships were carrying German troops
from one point of the Baltic to another, Von der ftoltz being then In
command of the campaign against
Bolshevik Russia, which International capitalism was still trying
to overthrow.
Now, ho said, the Poles were
similarly attempting to "save humanity"—to make the worid as It
was In 1914. Allied officers, previously' released by the Bolsheviki
on their word of honor not to take
further part, had already been captured, again fighting thc Bolsheviki. The speaker added significantly: "They will not flght the
third time."    (Hearty applause.)
The Polish currency was not now
worth one por cent, of its pre-war
value; yet the Allies .were selling
to Poland, on credit, hundreds of
millions of dollars* worth of munitions last fall. International capitalism was clearly engaged in another attempt' to overthrow "the
only country In the world that has
made at least a vigorous attempt
to overthrow capitalism,"
On the other hand, Brustloff, the
military genius of Russia, had gone
over—lock, stock and barrel—to
flght for Russia, and cut clean
through the "buffer state" to Germany. In Asia, too, the Bolsheviki
were making a counter move, as
they had every right to do.
Going back once more to 1018,
he remarked on the awful cry that
was raised when the Germans were
reported to have destroyed the coal
mines in Northern France during
their retreat. Now it was reported
in the press that Denikine—whom
the Allies wanted to be treated as
a human being—had wrought such
havoc during his retreat in Russia
that the mines there could not be
worked again for many years.
The Allies would not allow Russia to work out her own salvation
in her own way; but, thc speaker
suggested, they were going to have
terms dictated to them next time
by tho Bolsheviki. "If any nation
fn the world has ever shown a determined spirit to throw off capitalism, it's up to you and and me
to take our hats off to Russia and
say; 'Russia leads tho way.'"
In conclusion; Comrade Barnard
assured his hearers: "If capitalism
can overthrow the Soviet government, then you're going to get it
in the neck worse than before."
The same, thing was operating
against the workers in Canada in a
different way, "to keep on your
backs and take thc product of your
labor." The "fourteen points" had
become a scrap of paper; open diplomacy was declared In Canada to
be "not ln the public interest."
Brigadier-General McLean had Inadvertently proclaimed the "class"
nature of socioty, "in a moment of
agitation he spilled the beans." The
one bilslness of the workers was to
read and learn;' then change the
system which wos the very negation of democrncy.
The Largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store
in the West
Agents for Hartt and Florsheim Shoes ■
Devoting our whole attention
in obtaining for you the
highest quality at the
lowest possible prices
rt—ii .   mu....
Gentlemen: There
is no use telling you
that you oan get a
real good quality
shoe at $9.00, ior we
know that you know
that good solid lea-/
ther shoes cost moi-c.V ____m
while we sell the best shoe possible to get at tljat price.
Regardless of the extra tax,.it will pay you to buy a
better shoe. Before buying your next pair come in and
look over our better quality, shoes.
"Your Store" co-operated between "Man and Man."
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
33 Hastings Street East
A Metal Trades Unit has been
organized in Montreal. A transportation unit has also been organized, and splendid progress is
being made by the other Units.
The Metal Miners Unit of Gow-
ganda, Ont., has succeeded ln organizing the miners 100 per cent.
The Bulgarians of Toronto have
organized a unit for educational
Good success Is being met with
in the organization of office and
store employees in Los Angeles,
Cal. The Transportation Unit is
still forging ahead. Twenty new
members were admitted at the last
meeting. A district board is boing established.
The railroad shop workers of
Altoona, Fa., are getting into the
O. B. U. There are 22,000 men
employed in these shops, and the
revolt against grand lodge officials
and railroad conditions in general
is very strong. *
A Transportation Unit has bepn
organized in Milwaukee. Tlie
Maintenance-of-Way Employees
aud Machinist Lodges aro to vote
on the question of going over to
the O. B. U.
Efforts are being made to launch
an O. It. U. paper for Oakland and
San Francisco.
Fort Rouge (Winnipeg) Railway
Workers Unit voted $500 for an
organizing campaign, and donated
$300 to the Central Labor Council,
at its last meeting, at which 23
new members were admitted.
Twelve new members were admitted at the last meeting of the
Railroad Unit of Edmonton, Alta.
After a visit of an International
organizer to Saskatoon, the Railroad Unit in that city took ln 33
new members.
The Women's Auxiliary of the
Winnipeg O. B. U, are making
special efforts on behalf of the
Bakers and Confectioners Unit of
tho O. B. U.
Sydney, N. S. W.—Tho Australian
anti-Labftr government is framing
a bill with the object of excluding
from admission to Australia all anarchists, bolsheviks and "other undesirables,"
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
Berlin—Declaring that the present economic crisis makes absolutely necessary the conclusion of
peaco with Soviet Russia, Die Frel-
heit, Independent Socialist organ,
has published a sharp attack upon
the government policy toward that
country. The article warns German workers against a wholesale
emigration to Russia, in view of
the great labor shortage In Germany.
List of men whom the Marino
Firemen and Oilers' Union has
reason to believe worked during
the Sailors and -Firemen's strike:
J. Davles, J. Carruthers, E. Lay-
nard, Mr. Thompson, Geordie
Coutts, Sandy Patterson, Mr. Gil-
am, Mike OToole, John Murphy,
F. Wilkensoii, It. Renaud, Alf.
Aldridge, Geo. Anthony, C. Constable, G. Fletcher, E. Holt, Jas.
McCormack, Jas. Taylor, Frank
Reid, A. Barney Martin, W. Doney,
W. Lang, H. Taddle, L. H. Batche-
lor, A. Speir, F. Grose, Ralp Hatch,
Bert Williamson, Mr. Chrlste, Alf.
Annan, Johnny, the Russian; Red
Kelly, D. Halliday, Mr. Salmon, Joo
Atacks, Jas. Morgan, R, Graham,
Taut Gregorleff,
Give a little encouragement to '
our advertisers.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Friday aud Saturday Special!
.CO Fruit at ivos, tor  82
1.00 Hitro l'ltosiiliati;  73
1.00 Nuxa'.ed Iron  10
,50 rape's Diajieimiii  38
.;'.."» Ereo'tone; for  24
.15 Magic Corn Salve  09
.115 Cnlox Tooth Powder  -' .Z2
,50 Formumint Tablets     .36
.25 Vtlolia Tooth l'nsto  17
.75  liisiinih'il Jluniii'siu  84
.50 Oin 1'illB  34
.50 Fern./utu\   for    32
.50 A. B.  _\. & 0. l'illa  2«
.25 Hamilton'*  Pllla   IS
.25 Mcnnen's Violet Talcum 14
.50 Kmufelfitd Cocoanut Oil  26
.75 Abbey's Salts i4
1.50 Fellow's  Hyrup ....; LIS
.35 Reid'a Witch Hotel Cream .. .17
1.50 Scott's Kiuulsiou  1.13
.85 Cutleura Sonp 23
.85 Jad   Salts   _ 64
.25 Glycerine, for  17
.50 Reld's Ilhind Pills  - 25
War Tax Extra Where R«<juired.
Vancouver Drug Co.
.  — S,T,Q   SUMS—
405 Hutlngi W. ...............8«j. IMS
7 HmIIu,, W. ..__—8«jr. 1131
US BailliK. E. a—Be,. S033
762 Gr»nvlll» St Set. 701J
1700 Commerclil DrlT. ....High. SIS
Granville and Broadway ....Bay. 2114
Broadway ud Mils - Jalr. toll
For an Enjoyable Picnic
Take a Forty-Mile Itlilo From North Vancouver to
Horseshoe Bay
Vancouver's Popular Resort liy tlie Scenic Route Along the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
In airy and comfortable coaches; through georgeotis scenery to
the boauty spot. Free running water; -picnic tables, installed in
a shady park; safe beach for children; dressing rooms for
bathers, and boats for hire. Refreshments and accommodation
at two hotels.
Trul ns leave North Vancouver termi no I on Sundays nt SO minutes past each hour. Depot adjoining ferry wharf.
RETURN FARE, 60c—Good Day of Issue Only
For Further Particulars 1*110110 Passenger Dept., Sey, 0517
Bruce has
C. D. Bruce has a lot of
suits for young high
school men.
They arc designed especially for this typo.
The lines are manly and
are full of snap.
It's perhaps unnecessary to. aay they're durablo, because suoli
clothes have to stand hard service and still look well en.
WORTH QUITE.   ..   . *0 |   AA
A LI'ITLE MORE  ***** *■ *****
C. D. Bruce
Successor to Jonah-I'iatt Co..


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