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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist May 15, 1925

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Array BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABQR PARTYiOF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.  No. 20      POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING,   MAY 15,1925
5c A COPY
IHE PRESS' POIR
Most People Fail to Realize How
Telling Is Its "Propaganda
Effect."
"BED LETTER" EPISODE
Labor Papers Must Have Foroe
of Working Olass Behind
Them.
[By John Pickunshovel]
WHAT is usually meant by tho
phrase, "the power of the press,"
is its "propaganda" effect. Most poople
fail to realize that fact. But in effect,
nevertheless, that is what it means,
for in many cases what Is designated
as news, is lor the most part, propaganda. Whenever the capitalist class
havo any fears of the workers gaining a point In the struggle, by printing something of a derogatory nature
under the guise of news, a counter
effect may be produced.
We had an example of that prior to
the last British election. There was
a danger from a capitalist class standpoint of a labor government being
elected. Something had to Me circulated to prevent that. Moreover,
it required to be sensational to be
ofteutivo, and as close as possible to
eloction day to preclude any come
back. Hence, the "Red Letter" episode, and tho desired effect in the
return of the present government.
• *    *
Early in the present year, it was
iinnounced that the capitalist nations
nf Europe were preparing i'or another
attack on soviet Russia, and ever since
die pross has reeked with filth about
communists and communism. All of
which Is propaganda necessary to be
absorbed boforo the attack is made.
We saw an abundance of It in the
press for a weok prior to May the
first, and It is continuing to serve us
lhe "dope" about what the communists ure doing, on the hypothesis that
by the timo we have swallowed tho
bait, hook, tine, and sinker, thc contemplated war on Itussla will be ready
to proceed with. In passing, it is
well to remember all wnrs are precipitated by ihis method.
• «    *
But coming closer to home,-a'local
incident roveals sonic more "propaganda" effect ou lhe part of the local pross. The Canadian Labor purty
decided to ask the city council for
permission to hold <i tag day for the
Nova Scotia minors. No sooner does
the press get wind of this, than we
read "stories" that the relief committee handling the funds in that province decline to have anything to do
with moneys received from red sources. Some more "propaganda" effoct.
Later on, nfter hedging on the matter, the council decides to grant the
rerjuost, and the "tag day" is arranged
for May 8. But on Muy ii, we seo
a despatch in one of the local papers,
from Springhlll, N. S., under the
heading "N. S. miner relief worker
quits when red funds arrive," and
which goes on to state that one of
the committee resigns because part
of the funds had come from the Red
Inlernutionnl of Russia. If Bolshevik
"lucre" ean be worse than the filthy
"lucre" we are accustomed to handle
there might be some reason for conscientious sruples, but from what we
ran learn the minors need the money,
filthy or otherwise. Bul with the idea
of loading the people of Vancouver
and vicinity Into disregarding the need
of men, women, and children in Nova
Scotia for food, clothing and shelter,
the press publishes the cold-blooded
propaganda referred to. So much for
tbe "gentlemen of the press".
♦ *    *
But what does all this lead us to?
ll leads us undoubtedly to the logical
conclusion, that as ibe master class
won propaganda as a means of frustrating the attempts of the workers to
better their conditions, and as the
pross plays an important part in that
respect, the workers must also use
those menns. Poes il require further
argument lo convince the workers
thnt as the press is lined as a weapon
of eluss warfare by lhe capitalist
class, the workers must do likewise?
We would rather think nol.
* »    •
But as we notice the lack of support given lo thc labor press, lt is
apparent that the workers generally
do not realise the power of the press.
Such workers' papers as the Western
Clarion, and The B. C. Pcderationist
often irylng for years lo educate tbe
workers, are still run nn a four pnge
basis, mainly because thc workers
fail lo apreciate the function of thc
press |n the elass struggle. Those papers could be turgor In sine und cover
a larger area of clrculallon if the
workors would give the support necessary. And if it is true thui the capitalist press derives Us power from the
suppnrl given it by ihe capitalist class,
ihen tho worker's press to bo a powerful organ nf propaganda, must hnve
tbe forco of the working clnss behind
11. It is lhe mnn behind the guns
who do the deadly work,
Buffalo   (X.Y..   Building  Trades
All   building   trades   crafts   in   this
city have signed up for another year.
The pointers were granted Si per day
Increase, effective Mny 1. other crafts
neecpting tbe old rates.
UT CLOSING GEASESiCQNCERN OF ALL
Oity Council Rules. Stores May
Remain Open Till 10 in
Evening.
It Jou are .desu'ous of getting your
groceries later than has been your
usual custom then your desires are
likely to be realized. It may mean
that hundreds of clerkB who are now
enjoying a rest during the evening
hours will have to sacrifice that luxury, to give you that privilege. Their
wives and children may have to be
deprived of their associations onco
again, as thoy were a few years ago,
but that is all in the game, lt would
appear. So long as a few owners
think they can make a few more paltry dollars nothing else matters, so it
would appear.
By a unanimous vote the council
on Monday afternoon rescinded the
early closing by-law insofar as grocery stores are concerned, and the
new order became effective with the
passing of the motion, Stores can
now remain open until 10 p.m.
The action was taken as the result
of a petition signed by over 600 storekeepers affected, and although some
of the larger stores registered objection Monday, License Inspector Jones
reported that a careful check had
heen made of all the signatures to
the petition and that they were .in
order.
Each Family Pays $150 in Yearly
Interest on Country's
Debts.
MIND YOUR OWN BUSINESS
The eyes of other people are the
eyes that ruin us. If all but myself
were blind, I should never want a fine
house nor fine furniture.—Br. Frank
lin.
STATE OWNERSHIP PAYS
N. S. W. Produces Coal for Less
Than Half Price of Private
Concerns.
The first coal-mine, owned and operated by the state government of
New South Wales, situated at Llth-
gow, about 100 miles due west of tlie
city of Sydney, is being developed
rapidly, and will eventually become
the largest conl mine in that state.
About COO men are employed In
and ubout the mine, and the daily
output is now 1,100 tons. This Is being increased as the inine'is'being developed.
Tiie coal is mined and delivered to
the state-owned railways at the cost
of production, whieh is $2.40 per ton.
Private owners say they cannot produce coal nt less than $5.35 per ton.
which shows that tbey reckon on a
clear profit of at least 100 per cent,
for themselves.
The Editor Who Adheres to It
Will Learn Something of
His Responsibilities.
Some really worth-while thoughts
were incorporated in the plaform of
the News-Herald of Ravena, N. Y.,
which wns recently published in that
newspaper, over the signature, "The
Editor." Moreover, if newspaper
men generally accepted the most of
Its planks, certainly the 'profession
would be none the worse for the .ev-
perience. "1 believe in my job," reads
the primary article, this statement being followed, among others, by these:
"I shall at ull times lie fair lo everyone in my community, expecting frequently to be clinrged with being unfair.
"I shall not be afraid to champion
the poor man's cause for fear of the
wrath  of tlie rich  man.  j
"Nor shall I be afraid to stand by
the rich man for fear of the wrath of
being charged wilh having sold out
to him.
"I shall respect and honor my profession, believing thnt it is a high
calling."
A newspaper editor who adheres to
such a platform is learning something
of the real responsibilities and joys
of Journalism.—Christ Ian Science
Monitor.
Get on Voters' List and at Elections Vote for Labor
Candidates.
T*HE FEDERATIONIST is in receipt
of the following circular letter
from the Montreal board of trade. It
is endorsed by the Montreal trades
and labor council and the Canadian
Manufacturers' association. It is ad
dressed to the electors of the city of
Montreal, but it is equally applicable
to all Canada. "Mind Your Own Busl
ness" is »b caption:
"Nobody likes to be told to mind
his own business. Yet there was ne
ver was a time when people needed
to be told that more than now, because nine out of every ten men and
women are not minding their own
business. They do not seem to know
that public business is their own business.
"Whose business is it that every
family of five in Montreal now pays
an average of about $150 a yoar In
interest and owes over $3,000 on account of money borrowed nnd spent
by the Dominion, the Province and
the City? Surely it is the business of
those who pay the taxes and carry the
debt; and that means you.
"Whose business is it that the country is spending far beyond its means
and borrowing tens of millions every
year to do.lt? Surely It is the business of those whose earnings pay the
interest on the money borrowed; and
that again means you. You are paying it every day in high rents and
high prices.
"The credit of our Country and our
City is not a thing apart from ourselves. They have credit only because they can pledge our property
as security for the money they borrow, and tax our earnings to pay
interest on it.
"If we had been minding our own
business, the debts of the Dominion,
the Province and the City would not
now be,j.u large, umj^tuxes w.puld-not
be So high. When we do not mind
our own business we always suffer for
It.
"But this free spending of public
money—your money—need not go on.
The eleetors can stop it whenever they
like. You nre on elector. See thai
your name is on the voters' list and
at elections—Dominion. Provincial
and Municipal—vote for men who are
pledged to public economy and reduction of thc Public Debt."
Work and vote for lalior candidates.
Important Meeting
Of F. L P.
THE nest meeting of the
Federated Labor Party
will be held on Wednesday, May 20th, at 8 p.m., in
Room 6, 319 Pender street
west.
It is important that all
members should attend this
meeting, as nominations to
the Greater Vancouver Central coundl of the Canadian Labor Party for the
federal seats in this locality
will be made.
At the last meeting it was
decided that every effort
should be made to build up
the party. If you have allowed your membership to
lapse because of non-payment of duet, take this opportunity of coming around
and getting into the fight
again. . If you have been
thinking of joining the
party, come along.
To make your influence
felt you must organize with
your fellows who are of like
mind to yourself. Unorganized you are of very little
consequence in the class
struggle, organized you are
a factor of some importance.
A. F. of L. Adopts New Method
and Launches Campaign.
ELABORATE PROGRAMME
Chicago Iron Workers
The signing of an agreement by the
iron workers at $1.37% per hour completes adjustments in tlie building
trades situation nt Chicago. A $260,-
000,000 building program, thc largest
in the history of Chicago, will now go
forward without interruption.
Carpenters Strike
While the carpenters' strike at
Hazelton, Pa., and other points in the
anthracite region is still in progress,
because of continued demnnds for an
increaso from $1 to $1.12.% per hour,
It is reported thnt eleven contractors
have agreed to thc new scale, with
forty employers still holding out.
Plans Will Last Forty Weeks and
Gost Approximately Half
Million Dollars.
A WASHINGTON! D. (J., press des-
^7 patch sUiteJ!jLltiat witli the objective of organizing "the unorganized
workers of Canada and the United
Slates, nn elaborate program, including publicity through moving pictures
and lectures, lias just been instituted
by the executive council of the Ame.'-.
lean Federation of Lnbor. Plans for
the campaign, which is to last 40
woeks. and eost approximately $500,-
000, lias been worked out by John W.
Hayes and John J. Manning of the
label trades department of the federation, according to nn announcement,
The eountry is to he divided into
live districts, into each of wliich four
speakers will go in declare to unorganized workers the benefits to be
derived from tlieir adherence to trades
unionism. Stiess is also to be placed
upon lhe value oi purchasing goods
carrying the union label. Organized
labor loaders are lo be selected lo
curry on the work.
Aim of New Organization Is to
Improve Economics of
Agriculture.
ORGANIZED MARKETING
Profiteering Middleman To Be
Eliminated to the Profit of
the Farmers.
DASED on a conviction that the women on the farms should have a
voice In working out of the agricultural problems, und a belief that they
have been unjustly ignored by congress and agricultural commissions
dealing in the problem for farm relief, a new organization has been perfected here, under the name of "The
Federated Farm Womon of America,"
thua states a Washington, D. C, despatch. Temporary headquarters have
opened and ,in appeal sent to farm
women all over the country to sup
part the new undertaking.
The aim of the organization ls the
improvement of farm life in which
women are vitally intersted, through
betterment of economic conditions.
The key to this improvement, in the
opinion of the group which met at
Washington recently, from 11 states
to institute the new organization, Is
the marketing system, with ellmlna
tlon of the middleman as the flrst objective.
With the belief that organized farmer marketing in the flrst field for
constructive action to improve the
condition of the farmer, the Federated Farm Women of America will
institute a nation-wide campaign to
enlist public interest in the development of co-operative marketing systems.
Mrs. Aido Mayo, chairman of the
organization committee, said: "If
the proposed work be accomplished,
the profiteering middleman will be
eliminated, to the profit of the farmers and the protection of the consumer."
Board ol' Health Report
The Glasgow, Scotland, board of
health is reported as calling attention to poor health and impaired
physical eonditlons among the city's
working classes, who are being sorely
pressed to make iheir incomes meet
the cost of living.
Wo are witnessing the suicide of aj     The    chief   agency    in    promoting
social order,—Dean Inge. thought Is discussion.—Henry George.
JUNtoltTjABOR LEAGUE
'T'HK steady Increase In the member-
A    ship  of  the J.  L.  L„ has made
it necessary to engage the  Horticultural   hall,   Forty-tflfth   and    Fra-^rr" ^::-""'
avenue, for tbe Educational meetings/' '
Tbe next one will be held on Thursday. Mny 21, ai 8 p.m. The subject
for lhe evening will be: "Has the
Invention of Machinery Heen a Benefit to the Working Glass." Mr. J.
Webster will be the speaker for the
evening. Questions and a genernl discussion  will follow.
The interest shown in those meetings and the rapid growth of the J.
1j. L. should be encouraging to those
who hnve spent years In lhe labor
movement The education of tlie
young people along these lines hns
been neglected in lhe past. The result is the ignorance shown by many
workers today. Mnke yourself a
booster for the .Junior Labor League.
Petition of Hallway Kmpla.t.CCK
The principal employees of the International I Call ways Company of
Central America hnve petitioned thc
company at Guatemala for un Increase
of 33 per cent, in pay, an oight-hour
day, a six-day week, participation in
the profits, botter living (punters, and
numerous other concessions of a minor nature.
Popular Canadian Poet WUl Give
a Recital This (Friday)
Evening.
On the evening of Friday, May 15,
the Modern Arts and Letters club will
unite with the Vancouver Poetry society in presenting Francis Callaghan,
Canadian poet, ln a recital. The reading will be held at 337 Hastings street
weBt, the Theosophical Society hall.
Mr. Callaghan, aged twenty-three, Is
one of the most promising of our
younger Canadian writers. His published work in "The Heed and the
Cross," Issued by the Ryerson Press,
Toronto, contains promise of his taking an exalted place among our major poets. He has the true flre of
genluB and, considering his age and
opportunities, has done most notable
work. His is a voice of the people.
He is an engaging personality—simple
hearted and high-minded—entirely
lovable. He reads splendidly, putting
into his readings some of the fiery
enthusiasm of his Celtic genius. He
is altogether Canadian, although of
Irish ancestry. Every lover of Canadian literature in our city should consider It a privilege to support thts
recital. It is not unlikely that Mr.
Callaghan may make Vancouver his
home and add another voice to our
Western choir of singers who are
making a permanent mark on literature.
Tickets may be had from the officers of the Modern Arts and Letters
Club. Miss Davidson, soprano, will
assist In 'the recital, with a.song selection.
STREET RAILWAYMEN
Threatened Strike of Des Moines
-   City Railway Company
Averted.
A Des Moines. Iowa, news despatch
says that the threatened strike of conductors and motormen of the Des
Moines City Hallway company has
been averted. In this case the company asked for a wnge reduction of
9 cents per hour and the employees
for an Increase of 6 cents iter hour.
The present agreement provides for
arbitration in case of a disagreement
renewal of the agreement.
With this fact In mind It seems quite
probably that the demands made by
both sides wore in anticipation of
similar demands to be made by the
opposing sido, and with a view to being placed In a favorable position in
case arbitration were resorted to.
However, both sides have agreed to
maintain present eonditlons.
tl
Grange (N. ,1.) Plum hers l.t  VI
Plumbers and steamfltters of Orange, N. J., and vicinity hnve signed
u yearly ngreement with their employers at a wago increase of $1 per day,
an increase from $10 to $11 for an
eight-hour day,
Lull)ers Strike Settled
The recent strike of lathers nt
Portsmouth. Ohio, has been adjusted.
nn increase of $1 per thousand laths
having been granted. Tn this case
both sides were highly pleased, tho
lathers wilh the inn-ease and the
employers with Hie prbmlse of Increased   production,
Now York Typographical union,
No. (i (Big Six) recently entertained
1100 guests, including printers and
(heir families, at a. dinner In celebration of Its 75th anniversary.
Saskatchewan  Elections
Tho Saskntchewnn provincinl general  elections will  tnko pluce Tuesdny,
June  2,   1ft25:   nominations  n   week
earlier, Tuesday,  Mny 2fi.
He that holds to his appointment,
nnd does not keop you waiting, shows
that he hns regard for your time as
woll us his own.—Smiles.
••-•*•»•*«*■»*.« •.*»•»•■ i *..(***< *•<<•<<• >■• *, • **•*<*••■"*" t- •-•*< »■
Get on the Voters' List
REVISION OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA VOTERS' LISTS
MONDAY, MAY 18, 1925
See That Your Name Is On the List, As This May Be Your Last Chance
Before the Federal General Elections
ONE WOULD THINK that it would be needless advice to give to lho general public, to
urge upon them the need of seeing that their names appear on thc voters' list. It is,
however, such an essential feature in the political life of our country that we urge it onee
again without an apology. Unless your name appears upon sueh lists you are deprived of
expressing your wishes on election day.
The economic burden that thc great masses ot humankind are being called upon to
bear during these trying times, should be such as to impress upon oven the most, thoughtless among us, the importance of our taking a more intelligent interest in the manner in
wliich we are governed. We have allowed others whose interests, by the way, are quite at
variance with our own, to govern us and then wc wonder why this eountry of ours is not
treating us more considerately. The trouble is: not wilh our eountry. Tlie trouble is with
the average voter. When one sees the apathy and indifference displayed by thc avorage
worker, men and women alike, one would be amazed if the result wero any different from
what it is. Intelligence is a fundamental necessity, and until it is displayed to a greater
extent than it has been in thc past, we have little reason for hoping for any great soeial
betterment.
AVe therefore urge upon every man and woman who might be eligible to cast a vote
to see to it, that Iheir names are on the voters' list. II' you an' not willing to lake the
trouble that might be entailed by so doing then you have not the slightest reason to complain of the many injustices that are being heaped upou your head. Men and women, give
this matter the serious consideration that it rightly deserves Write us and we will gladly
give you all tbe information you need upon such matin's. Other elections will doubtless bc
coming along ere long. So far as we in the Ijabor movement an* concerned, let us he up and
doing, and not bc found napping any longer.   REGISTER NOW.
Tab'oid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. C.
Azores
Farm Labor Emigration.—It fs reported ihiu farm laborers uro beeum-
liiK more Bcarce ench year, due lo
then* Increasing emigration to Bermuda, Brnvdl and lhe Unitod Slates.
Ik'lgiiim
Domestic Labor.—Women servant*
are snld to lie leaving thslr employment in private home** tor work in
the textile mills, on account oi" highar
wages and shortor hours.
Bruz.il
Commission studies Colonization.—
A eommission of Japanese experts recently visited the stale of Para for the
purpose of Investigation the possibilities of Japanese colonization in that
state.
Culm
Ruilway strike.—The "passive resistance strike" which Is being carried
on by employees of the consolidated
railways constitutes the most serious
labor troublo in Cuba ut tin* present
lime, demoralizing irnffi,* nml seriously retarding trade activities.
England
Seek Inerease In Textile Wages.—
ai a mooting hold in Bradford, April
4, 11125. proposals were made for the
revision of the existing agreement of
lbe National Wool Textile Industrial
council, effecting wage increases for
approximately 200,000 operatives.
Friinoe
Industrial Immigration.—The movo*
n t of Industrial immigration continues at the rale of about 10.000 net
arrivals per month, mainly from Italy,
Spain and Portugal.
Unomploymont.—Prance roports a
slight increase In unomploymont during March, l_»r,, wilh public labor
agencies finding sonic difficulty In
placing workers. Notwithstanding
tliis .general situation, there wen*
many unsatisfied demnnds ror expert
workers.
Gormany
Unemploymonl   in   lllilnclnnd. -Al
tbe end of last  moiltll there were 1111.-
ooo unemployed persons in ihe Rhino
provinco who wore n ivlng unom-
I ployment benefits, ,,f which number
lono-flfth belongod lo the Iron and
j meta] trades, wliich normally employ
UbOUl thirty pet* cent of Ibe total la-
i bor of lln* province.
Wage Increase for Merchant Mar-
FOREIGN NOIES
Mexico Aiming to Blake Peasants
Economically Free aad
Independent.
BULGARIAN BRUTALITIES
France's Debt to United States;
Kenya Colony Plague Spot
of Slavery.
[By YORKB]
pRESIDENT CALLEB of Mexico recently gave utterance to a group
of U. S. excursionists as follows: "We
are trying to make the peasant economically Independent, so that these
poor men, who have been ln the
condition of slaves until now may,
become free, and enjoy a Uttle more
of the happiness which rightfully belongs to them. That ls why we are
trying to elevate them morally by
means of schools; that fs why we
want them to have a piece of land to
satisfy their most pressing needs, and
why we believe that by raising the
status of these workmen we will form
a greater Fatherland, able to co-operate with the other peoples of tha
earth and pursue the well'being of
humanity." ThlB is good reading and
we hope as these alms crystallize the
interests of capital may not creep ln
and nullify good which should result.
Bulgaria
ThiB by Tom Johnstone, M.P., from
the Forward ot April 26th;
The Bulgarian Brutalities.—Our
readers will do well to suspend Judgment upon the new Bulgarian atrocities until we get the facts. The
British press is being flooded with
untl-cammunist propaganda by the
Bulgarian government, and every effort is being made to blame Moscow
for the brutal anil senseless bomb
murders at the Sofia cathedral. At
the end of March I attended a small
meeting in one of tbe rooms of the
house of commons to hear a statement from a Bulgarian socialist. He
presented us with a terrible indictment of tbe present Bulgar governmont. He accused It of private massacre, assassination, and mutilation;
he described how the officers' caste
min ili-red schoolmasters (accused of
no crime but teaching the peasants
to rea<Land. write!) and threw tfteir
mutilated limbs to the wild pariah
dogs. It was all so revolting and Incredible that (he meeting decided to
send out Colonel Wedgwood. MP,.
Mr. Maekindor, M.P., and -Colonel
Malone to get tbe facts at first hand
for tiie labor movement in Britain.
Tlie deputation is now In Sofia, and
we shall lie well-advised to await their
fporl before joining in tbe hulloo
about Ihe outrage at the Sofia cathedral."
Franco
The total French debt obligation
to thc United States, given as at November 15th, 1924, (from exhibit 33
Report cf seoretary of treasury 1924)
is $4,137,224,364.
Kenya Colony
There does nut seem to be much
improvement in tins plague spot of
slavery judging by an editorial in a
recent ihriiie ol the New Leader. Referring to tlie declaration of tlie conservative govornment in 1023 that
"the interests nr the Afiieap native
must be paramount," tbe Leader
says:
"Kenya's past would seem to make
their words a mockery, Much of the
best land has been alienated without
any legal process, and given or sold
for trifling Hums t<> Englishmen. Under the Registration net passed during tho war native employees who
leave tbeir work without notice arc
flogged, imprisoned, or subjected tn
fines amounting to several month's
wages, A heavy pull tax compels tlie
natives lo leave their reserves and
work fur wages on European plantations. The labor government appointed a committee on East Africa
(Including Kenya) tn study problems
of economic development and native
interest:', and Bhortly before the general election .i parliamentary committee set out to study them on the spot,
but tliis latter committee bas not yot
reported, Mr. Ormsby-Oore, one of
its members, and now the secretnry
for tiie colonies, has promised that It
shall do so shortly, ll wonld be nn*
lurul lo waft for bs report, beforo
Inking any further decisions. Yet the
acting governor has now announced
It to be a definite part of the government's palicy that officials shall help
tn procure lab&r for the white settlers.
Kenya's past history makes the meaning of hla words grimly .:_car."
The  tramp  is  the complement   of
(be millionaire.—Henry Oeorge.
Inc.-—A Bonoral Incrosae of about six
percent in tbe wage scale of the Herman merchant marine went into effect on April   I.   Mi:1:..
Hungary
Applicant.- Exceed Vacancies.—Cur-
rent employment records of Hungary
show thni there [.proximately 322 applicants for every hundred vacancies.
Sweden
Employment Anencies.—Official
employment agencies have been estiib-
li-.hed tiy the Oovernment in tho various cities of Southern Sweden, with
ihe view to rendering material assistance  in   reducing  unemployment. Page Two
seventeenth year. N0.20 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER,  B.  C.
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office,  1129 Howe St,
Tho policy of The B. C. FederationiBt is
controlled by the editorial board of the
Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Subscription Rate: Unitod States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 por
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions
subscribing in a body, 10c per member
per month.
Tho Federationist is on  sale at tho following news stands:
VANOOUVBB
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EOKHA^T   NEWS   STORE Seattle
FRIDAY May  15,  1925
MORE UNEMPLOYMENT
WHENEVER a disastrous flre visits
our eity our press never fails to
Impress upon the readers the extent
of the loss that has been occasioned
by the conflagration—to the owners.
Rarely, if ever, is It pointed out that
perhaps hundreds of men are being
thrown out of work thereby; that
they have been working, more or
less, on a bare subsistence wage, and
that even while they were working
steadily, lt was nigh unto impossible
for them to save a few dollars for
such an unfortunate occasion; that
the loss to the workers means that
they themselveB and their families
will have to face starvation for a
time, until some other work can be
found.
As ever, property occupies the main
position. The necessities and the
comforts of the workers are as nothing. The owners of the mills may
loose some money—that, we do not
doubt, although we are not unmindful of insurance benefits—but they
do not, we venture to predict, go without any meals, as the. result, Our
sympathies are with the unfortunate
workers.
why  need  tbey  fear the contents of
all documents being made public.
Because there are missing, some
stenographic reports, of * the interallied conferences at Spa, Boulogne
and Cannes, and It has been reported
that these documents have been sold
to an American, librarian of Harvard
university, there Is a great adieu. If
there Is nothing in these documents,
but a record of the proceedings of
the delegates at these conventions,
then why should not the world at
largo be welcome to them all. Honest
men and women have nothing to fear.
We had hoped tbat the days of secret diplomacy were past. Such dl
plomacy, in the past, has brought
nothing else but grief to the world
at large. We need have no fear of
trying anything else when we consider the results we bave thus far attained after having followed the policies that have been laid down for
the nations the world over.
FRIDAY May  15,  1925
WORKERS WIRELESS
I ABOR should erect its own broad-
1 casting station. Ry so doing it
need not Involve any attempt to "cut
into" the general programme of news
and entertainment now supplied by
existing stations. By sucb a scheme
labor could make the utmost use of
a new and important instrument of
propaganda, and listeners-in who
"tune-in" to the station will do so in
expectation of a clear, first-hand exposition of the workers' points of
view. Labor candidates In the forthcoming federal elections should make
good use of wireless.
TRADE  UNION UNITY
LATELY the Initiul number of Trade
Union Unity, a monthly magazine
of international trade unionism, has
been published at 162 Buckingham
Palace road. London, S. W. 1. It
contnins 20 pages and cover (7x9^4
inches), four pages being illustrated.
The editorial board comprises; A. A.
Purcell, president, International Federation of Trade Unions; Edo Fim-
men, vice-chairman; George Hicks,
treasurer; R. Page Arnot, secretary.
Editor Purcell, In his announcement
says:
"The task of this journal will be
to go forward on a sure footing of
facts and reliable information, giving
to the workers here a true picture of
Europe and other continents, and at
the same time giving a picture of the
British movement for the benefit of
the trade unionists of other countries."
Special articles in the April number
are contributed by Mr. Will Thornton,
M. P., and Mr. Edo Flmmen. Timely
pronouncements from prominent
leaders of tbe British and foreign
trade union movements on the subject of "unity" will be features of the
magazine. Altogether the publication
is a worthy contribution to the literati! ne of the labor movements and
should receive a tremendous support
from the millions of working masses.
There  Is a big difference between
a "living wage" and a "just wage'
The latter Is a full reward of labor.
MEAT COSTS WILL 111
Economists Predict Higher Prices
Due to Shortage of Beef
Cattle.
A recent Washington, D. C, press
despatch says that consumers will be
compelled to pay constantly Increasing prices for beef products during
the next six years if the predictions
of the economists of the United States
department of agriculture relative to
a shortage in beef cattle are reliable,
According to the department's figures
beef cuttle have declined during the
past year from 41,720,000 to 39,61
000, a decrease of more than 2,000,000
head.
"All signs indicate that the beef
cattle Industry is headed toward lower
production and rising prices," declares
the department. "If the present cycle
runs true to form tbe general trend
of (.attle prices should be upwward for
six oi* eight years."
Higher prices for beef cattle due to
the shortage announced by the department will inevitably be reflected
Jn boosted retail prices to the con-
mer.
WHAT IS A UVING WAGE?
Workers Entitled to Enjoy Those
Things That Make Life
Worth Living.
Just what a living wage consists of
must be determined by first defining
what constitutes a living, says Auto
Worker, Ideas differ. A millionaire's
wife suing for divorce insists that she
must have at least 50,000 dollars year--
ly alimony to live on.
She must have theatres, gowns,
swell dinners and parties, jewels and
automobiles, servants and flunkies, if
she is to live. Life without these
would dwindle to a bare existence.
Then there is the toiler who swings
a pick and shovel all day long, who
must be satisfied with a hunk of rye
bread and cheese, and who linds dissipation in a cup of home-made wine
and an occasional photo-play.
Our idea of a living wage is a pay
envelope with enough in it to buy a
worker a good automobile, enable him
to own a good home, free of all indebtedness, furnish his children with
a first-class education, dress himself
and family in good clothes, set a good
table, provide recreation, install modern labor-saving devices ln his homo,
and build up a surplus of money for
old  age.
Anything less than this is not a
living wage. The workers are the producers of all that goes to make life
worth while, and they are entitled to
the enjoyment of all those things that
make life worth living, even under the
present system of society.
A soldier like me does not give a
tinker's damn for the lives of a million men.—Napoleon.
Who on the golden rule shull dare
insist. Behold in him the modern socialist.— E. W. Wilcox.
The liberty of discussion is the great
safeguard    of   all    other   liberties.
Maccaulay.
Impressions of the Convention
PROSPERITY,  WHERE?
WE HAVE been told time and time
again, that prosperity was just
around the corner. Some of our local
service clubs were exceedlnly active
In spreading this Idea. Now they
have given It u_), apparently, for a
time at least. Even to tbem the facts
are  becoming obvious,
Little is being said about the logging camps and of bow they should
be relieving tbo unemployment situation. As a matter of fact, there is a
super-abundance of a supply of logs
in the water right now—Just when
we would nnturally think that the
camps would be opening up. Hore
again, we see the effects of the modern methods adopted in the logging
Industry. So efficient are they now,
that, in three or four months they
can take out sufficient logs to supply
the needs of the mills and of the
lumber market in general, for a whole
yoar. Obviously the lumber workers
are not profiting. The only ones wbo
profit thereby, are those who own
and control tliis efficient machinery.
Certainly tbo workers do not.
MEANDERINGS
SECRET REPORTS STOLEN
IN THIS day and age, when we are
supposed to be enjoying tbe privileges of n true democracy, wo ennnot help but ask, if ours Is a real democracy and the people are BUppoued
to know what is being dono, by their
representatives, on their (the people's) behalf, why should there be
such things as secret or confidential
documents regarding the nations' affairs. If they are on the square as
they pretend at all times to be, then
[By JACK LOGIE]
THK convention of the Canadian Labor Party marks a new milestone on the progress of the labor movement in this province,
Perhaps more might have been accomplished, but at least the ground
was cleared and the foundation laid for a united and steady progression in the future. All shades of opinion and all wings of the
movement in Greater Vancouver were well represented, but the
small representation from outside districts would indicate that
attention must be paid to the country points before the best results
can be obtained.
Most of the time of the convention was taken up in an effort
to define the status of the C.L.P., and by an amendment to the
constitution no individual organization other than a central council
may affiliate under that name. The C.L.P. is purely to bc composed of delegated bodies.
The constitution was amended in a numbor of necessary particulars, and the usual number of resolutions were passed after
considerable discussion whicb, on the whole, was good natured but
vigorous at. times. Thc immigration policy of thc Dominion gov
eminent was roundly condemned, thc Nova Scotia government was!
scored for its attitude toward the striking miners, non-contribu-i
utory nntional unemployed insurance was demanded as a measure
tit relief for the present suffering among the unemployed, and thc
C.L.P. went on record as being opposed to all capitalistic wars.
The discussion as to the status of groups of the C.L.P. and
tbe passing of tbe various resolutions took up the greater part
of the two days of the convention, and it was only toward the
end tbat the question of organization was broached. In thc opinion
of the writer this is the important question at the present time, and
from the unanimity of the discussion which followed the motion to
instruct the executive to place an organizer in the field, this seemed
to be realized by all the delegates.
President Cottrell seemed to be iu doubt as to the power of
the executive to organize under tbe changed constitution, but there
is really no difficulty in the way, provided thc exact function of
tbe C.L.P. is kept clearly in mind. Any live organizer would find
a ready response in almost any section of the province and by
voluntary contributions from districts visited, with the sale of literature, could pay his way without tlie need of a great deal of assistance from the executive.
Mis first steps would bc to organize central councils for the
various districts in the province, say Vancouver Island, Northern
Interior, Southern Interior and Kootenay, or, as a Dominion election is a possibility in the near future, the federal ridings niight
be taken as the most logical divisions. Then with propaganda aud
a co-ordination of scattered units, it should be possible to form
groups in nearly every locality. Call them labor parties or anything which may seem suitable, but, for heaven's sake, let us do
something more than wc are doing.
We were assured by the communists at the convention that,
far from being opposed to such a forward step, they were decidedly
in favor of it, and with the constantly increasing socialistic sentiment, which is plainly evident among the farmers, the time is ripe
for an advance which will put the political wing of the labor movement on a solid and permanent basis.
[By Our Peripatetic Pagan]
'PHE   fetish   of  Competition   is   fast
getting questioned. That competition which was supposed to be
tbe life of trade, that competitive system that socialists have condemned
for years is now questioned and its
failure realized—even Sir Eric Geddes,
thus, In his address to the Federation of British Industries, March 12th,
"the speculative and unhealthy competition which today is the curse of
trade and Industry." Wait a while,
lots more of the quidnuncs will have
to come to it; for the failure of the
capital system In all its horrors of
monopolies on one side and competition on the other is dally becoming
dangerously apparent.
* •    *
The civilized world produces more
than enough if justly and properly
administered to give a high standa/d
of life to all of us. Poverty Is not
inevitable although all political par
Ilea excopt socialists mnintaln it is
Of course, it will be while market
controls, shortness or over-production
at the will of the eapitallsts the world
over rule, and produotlon is for Individual gains and not for the use
of all. National resources and with
the growth of the international Ideal
—the world resources—must be made
available for all peoples.
* *    *
It Is the human standard, not the
class standard that must be thought
of and worked for as our Ideal. When
the socialist programme is accomplished, no such horrors as the Nova
Scotia strike will be possible, no child
labor, no long weary hours of work,
unemployment. Social reconstruction
will accomplish all these reforms and
no other party can or will attempt
them,
* *    *
Yes, that disgraceful business of
the Nova Scotia strike. On Friday
last, Vancouver had a tag day for
help for the poor creatures, men, women and children, involved in this.
(What a day to have n collecting
The amount raised was announced as
between $1200 and $1300. Well,
thing are bad enough here I know,
but what an overwhelming (sic) offer
of a city of this size and wenlth to
our STARVING BRETHREN ON
HE OTHER SIDE OP THE CONTINENT. [Put this in heavy caps,
please Mr. Compositor; perhaps Vancouver has not heard of it.]
* *    •
On Saturday there was another tag
day for the Vancouver Women's
Building Fund, doubtless a crying
need for tbe society dames, and it
realized something over a thousand
dollars.    Well,  I don't understand it.
* •    •
Squeals at tiie Vickers Limited
meeting on tbe 10 of April, when the
"stormy petrel" qf the concern, Douglas Vickers, spoke to the shareholders.
Business is bad, only 4% to the poor
debenture holders, ordinary shareholders, as usual for years, nothing,
so won't somebody start a "War?
* •    *
Those patriots don't care who the
war is with or between, as long as
they can rope In the dividends. Other
of these patriotic doings are referred
to in a neat little cutting from the
"Newcastle Evening Chronicle," on
March 30th of this year which helps
to explain why shipbuilding orders
go from  Britain to the continent.
"While British shipbuilding is in a
parlous plight, the makers of British
ship plateswcre actually Helling ship
plates ubroad during the moir:h of
.Mnrch at over 10 shillings per ton
less than tlic.v were being sold to
shipbuilders In lirltnln; nnd ln addition, tbere were "concessions made
in respect of the price charged for
what is known ln the trade as
'extras'."
* *    *
Hats off to our Professor Max
Eastman, of the B. C. University, for
his advocating qf the objects .and
aims of the National Peace League.
In a speech to the Gyro club lately
he said: "Insure yourself against war
as you would insure your property
agninst fire, or your life," and proceeded to tell the members how the
children of Canada are being asked
to register their protest against war,
their signatures to the document to
be placed among the archives of The
Hague Peace Palace . . . that the
firing of the flrst shot in warfare
tbe whole work of the Gyros would
be crumbled to dust. "Stop the firing of that first gun," he said.    Fine!
* «    *
Friday, the 16th—How did your
friend like last week's "Fed."? Remind him to get this week's! Today's
tho day.
THOMAS GRAY
His "Elegy" and  Message
A WHITER in the Vancouver^ Daily
Province deigns to admire the
"Elegy". After various comments he
describes it as "a triumph of highly
polished word-building and not otherwise notable. "Please note this. The
writer again takes up the subject as
an answer to a correspondent who
satirically calls attention to the Province gentloman's "criticising Gray's
Elegy"; he then uses the remarkable
statement that his "admiration is reserved for the marvellous craftman-
ship of the work rather than for any
emotional uplifting arising from its
inspiration."
Why man, the poem is wonderful
for Its significant and prcphetic Inspiration' It reveals the rising de-
macratic sentiment whloh was to grow
mightily in volume and powor as the
eighteenth century advanced. It Is
marvellous becnuse it was tbe word
of a man surrounded b.v class influence, at a time when place-hunters
and abuses against the people wore
rampant; yet so far was he ahead
of his time, his message of brotherhood and humanity and Its spirit of
democratic sympathy that the "Elegy"
can claim clear historical importance.
Does not one line stand out in the
memory of that other poet of democracy, Robert Burns, who used it as
the motto for his "Cotter's Saturday
Night":
"The short and simple annals of the
poor."
Can their be a finer indictment than
the following stanzas;
Let not Ambition  mock  their useful
toil
Their homely joys and destiny obscure:
No.grandeur hear,  witli a disdainful
smile.
The short and  simple  annals  of the
poor.
The  boast  of Heraldry,  the pomp nf
power,
And all that  beauty, nil that  wealth
e'er gave,
Awaits alike the inevitable hour
Tbe paths of glory lead but to the
grave.
Nor you, ye proud, impute to these
the fault,
If memory o'er their tomb no trn|>hio.«
raise.
Where thro' the long drawn a'sle and
fretted  vault
The  pealing anthem  swells the  not''
of prnise.
That he intended  his poem should
be a  message  is  emphasised  by an
alteration In one of the stanzas.    As
originally written it ran thus;
Some village Cato that with dauntless
breast
The little tyrant of his fields withstood,
Some mute inglorious Tully here may
rest,
Some Caesar guiltless of his country's
blood.
And lt is indicative of the advancing current of Gray's thoughts that in
order to emphasise his democratic
trend he substituted the name of
"Hampden" for Cato, "Milton" for
Tully and "Cromwell" for Caesar—
patriots all.
Gray's "Elegy written in a Country
Churchyard" is one of the great productions of the eighteenth century.
Its beauty, Its simplicity, its grandeur,
should commend itself to all thinkers,
and its message to all socialists as one
of the early efforts that Influenced
very largely the movement that
gathered volume in that remarkable
century and is the advancing force
of today.
The unity of the working class is
the one thing that matters.—Keir
Hardle.
Vou take my life when you do take
the means by which I live.—Shakespeare.
The greatest of all injustice Is that
whloh goes under the name of law.
—L'Estrange.
Help the press that's helping
you. The daily, capitalist press
is no friend of yours, comrade!
Why help it?
Better to be a Socrates dissatisfied
than a pig satisfied.—John Stuart
Mill.
Woman
and War
T-HOSE Individuals, or groupa,
**■ wishing to get pamphletB
which have juat recently been
printed are urged to send In
tbeir orders at once. There are
only a limited number printed.
They are tho following:
WOMAN AND WAR
By Mrs. Rose Henderson'
10 cents.
MINI) YOUR OWN BUSINESS
By George F. Stirling
5 cent a.
These pamphlets are well written. They contain a wealth of
Information, and are, to say
the very least, thought-provoking.
Send in Your Order:, nt Onco
You Cannot Afford To Bo
Withu.il Them
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUOHLY    MATURED—ONE    OF    THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS   AT   THB   GOVERNMENT   STORES
GOLD LABEL
J6-YEAR-6LD
Ask ror CATTO'S.    P„r sale a, .„ Government Manor Stores
IW. advertisement linot; publialrtd ., displayed by «,, Ll,nor 0„too| Btul „
     *t __ Government of Brltlih Columbia
DEAF?    Deaf?
JVTOW you  tail mingle  with your  friends without  that  embarrassment  which
_.__ °,,er-.   .   V*™°* Ba"en-   Now you ean lake your plaeo In tho social busl*
nom worlds to which your talenta entitle you, ond (rom which your affliction
haa in some measure excluded you.
Inasmuch u ovor 500,000 users have testified to the wonderful results obtained
*^aTt,iis_rs^--jssi_?"""to urBlns ovory do'" pe"on-
"ACOUSTICON" _n.__**
PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE
EVEBYTHlNa FOB THB EYE AND EAB
  fll6 Hastings Straet West, Vaneonver, B.O.
[Note—As many enquiries reach
thli office from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will bs
handled as quickly as space permits.
_Ed.] 	
W. HUDSON: We know the difficulties and because) of them we fight
on. Keep George LanBbury's slogan
alwaya in mind "Workers of the
World Unite". All workers must, Ii"
consistent, be socialists, whether well-
cm ployed or out of work.
S. GEORGE: Winstone Churchill .should not be trusted by anyone.
He was responsible more than anyone I
olse for tbe Illegal crime of the ltus-
si:ni Wur. As one writer has aald:
"He showed as Sydney Street, Antwerp and Gallipoli foreshadowed,
that he would consent to any expenditure it its object was sufficiently
crazy   or  criminal."
CARPENTER: Do not argue your
view on the strike of Carpenters—the
point you raise is not the crucial question involved.    More about tbis later.
SANDY CLARKE:    The words nre
from   "A   Sent'  of  Labor"   by  Helen
Chad wick    In    tbe    American    New
Leader.    We print them below:
Who fed and clothed Ihe armies—
Rewarded by a frown?
Who built the priest  his temple?
Who made the road and town?
Their unknown names are legion.
Rut where, on nny soil,
Is reared tbelr shaft of honor,
The record of their toil?
h. T.: May 1st certainly passed-
very quietly tbis year. Very wise too,
the powers are much disappointed,
they wanted an excuse for something,
but it didn't happen.
Be lord of a day, through wisdom
and justice, and you can put up your
history books.—Emerson.
It requires a strong stretch of vision
for a mnn to see beyond his own
prejudices.—Opie Read.
DEAFNESS
NOISES IN THE HEAD
AND NASAL OATASBH
Can Be Relieved
Tbe new Continental Remedy  called
"LA11MALENE" <Kegd.)
Is a simple, harmless home Iroatmetit
which absolutely relieves deafnese,
noises in tho Iii-nd, etc. No expensive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, Instantly operate* upon the
affected parts with completo and permanent success. Scores of wonderful cases reported.
RELIABLE TESTIMOITT
Mrs. B, Crowe, of Whitehorse
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to tell you that the small tin of
ointment you sent to mo at Ventnor
haa proved a complete success, my
hearing is now quite normal and the
horrible head noises havo ceased.
The action of this new remedy must
be very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these complaints for
nearly 10 years and have had some
of tho very best medical advice, together wltb other expensive ear instruments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly eay how very grateful I am,
for iny life has undergone an entire
change."
Try ono box today, which can be
forwarded to any address on receipt
of monoy order for $1.00. Tbere la
nothing better at any price. Address
orders to Manapr "LABMALEKK
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
Erie (Pa.) Cui'jienters
The carpenters' controversy at Erie,
Pa.i has been adjusted through a compromise agreement. About 025 men
aro affected.
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
C.-VNADA   and U.S. _V.
a_IBfB*^-l_-S^S*vl
If you aw really in sympathy'LEND YOUB M-™-™™ t° ***
-n.i_t._-   ...   . '_"..'_ T" I MnRiniAKK' Mam,
with labor, be a booster. The
Federationist is out to do its bit.
Help it.
POSTAGE STAMPS
CASH PAID FOB OU> POSTAGE STAMPS
—Especially on original envelopes; do not
detach, bot send entire envelope by registered mail to Adelbcrt Porter, Santa Ann.
California.
"Famous" BARGAIN BASEMENT Overflowing With Big
VALUES
LADIES can secure practically everything they need in summer apparel
in our Bargain BaBemei.t—drosses, coats,
skirts, sweaters, hiking md camping
•mtfits—at extremely low prices. Seo
for yourself.
Famous 8^00%.
eio.023 B-atings Stmt WmI
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
Insist on
CASSIDY
IP YOC ARE LOOKING  FOR
THE BEST
GENERAL PURPOSE
Coal
|T IS lonir lusting for furnace
nntl   range  use,  yot  easy to
start.    It lms this combination
of  qualities  which   none  other
Mined on Vancouvor Island
nt Cassldy by
Granby Consol.
Mining, Smelting and
Power Co. Ltd.
Office, IHrlis Bldir.
Sey. 5777 Vancouver, B. C.
TO THE MEMBERS OF
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EstAhllKticd 00 Years FRIDAY May  IB,
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.    No. 20 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER,
B. C.
Provincial Board of Health
Regulations   of   tbe   Provincial   Board   of
Health Respecting Barber Shops and
Hairdressing Parlors
Approved by His Honor the Lieu-
tenant  Governor,   Hay .5th,   1925.
WHEREAS It ls provided by the "Public
Health Act" that the Provincial Board
of Health may issue regulations for preventing or mitigating infectious or contagious diseases:
And whereas, as syphilis and certain parasitic skin diseases may be propagated by
tho instruments and hands of barbers and
hairdressers, the said Board deem it wise
(o issue certain regulations respecting all
and lingular the premises:
It In therefore provided ns follows:
I. No barber shop shall he used as a living, dining or slueping apartment. No shop
shull be operated in any storo or restaurant, except that tho salo of tobacco, newspapers und candy in original packages and
'       "'""-   permissible   in  conjunction
Organic Evolution
[By Charles Hill-Tout, F.  R.  S. C.,'
F. R. A. I. etc.]
(All Rights Reserved)
ARTICLE XXIII.
TF, In the last article, it was seen to
be Impossible under" the theory of
"Special Creation"—and, be it remembered, special creation is just is much
a theory as organic evolution—to give
a satisfactory explanation of the presence of vestigial structures ov rudimentary organs in the animals of today and in ma.i, it will be found to be
t<till more difficult under this theory
to account for _he blood relationships
\\ hlch serology shows to exist between
this species of animal and that; and
more   particularly  between   man   and
with"such1 Bhop.   A*shop*inay bo located In. tjlB other members of the Primate or
a pool or billiard room providod that such
shop is partitioned off hy menns of a solid
wood, motal or part glass partition from
floor to coiling.
2, Floors, walls, furniture nnd fixtures
nf harbor shops shall at all times he kept
clean nnd all Jardinieres and cuspidors
shnll he tlioreughly cleaned nt least once a
day.
8, Every shop shall bo supplied with
clean, hot and cold water in such quantities ns may bo necessary to conduct such
shop in a sanitary manner. Hot-water re-
CoptaolflH hereafter installed shall hold not
less thin five gallons, and where municipal
water and sewers ure available connections
must bo made.
4. If municipal wnter supply or suwago
disposal i.< not available, any privy or cesspool maintained for tlio uso of the proprietor or employers must bc of n typo which
is   satisfactory   from  a  sanitary   standpoint.
fi. Customers, whero possible, should
havo their own razors, soap nnd brushes.
6. A separate nnd clean towel shall bo
na*'l for each customer. Towels once used
ft, \ bo laundered before being used again.
( \ All razors, scissors, combs or othor
InltrumontS in gonorul uso shall bo sterilized hy immersion in boiling water before
j   each uso.
8. Hairbrushes in genera*! use shnll, at
frequent intervals, be immersed in a strong
solution of lysol or carbolic solution, and
afterwards rinsed in clear water and dried
with n towel or by heat.
8, Shaving-brushes in common use shall
be subjected to the same treatment of immersion nml afterwards rinsed in very hot
wnter.
10. Powder shall only be applied by n
blower or an absorbent cUton or towel;
snch cotton or towel shall be used for one
customer only.
11. lte lore passing from one oustomoi
to another the barber or hairdresser shall
wash the hnnds, using soap, preferably carbolic, nnd n nail-brush.
12. The use of the alum stick, frequently used to stop the flow of blood, shall bo
discontinued, and replaced by calcined alum,
*-i   powder  which   cnn  be   applied  on   cotton
>j   wool,   which   shall   bo   thrown   away   inline-
U   dlutely  afterwards.
J 13. The uso in common of the same
vaseline pot is abolished. Vaseline shall
only bo used  from a squeeze tube,
14. Sponges shnll  not  be  used.
15. Ituzor-strops shnll only bo used for
razors which have previously been disinfected.
10. The hair-cutting wrapper, so cont'
monly used in barber shops, shall be placed
only around the shoulders of customers and
fastened with a lafety-pin or othor dovlso
at the back, and clean towels shall be used
ahout the neck to prevent hair falling
down.
17. All barbers nnd hairdressers shall
wear a coat of a washable white matorial,
18 Spitting ou the,floor shall not be
allowed
li. All bath-tubs, after use, shall be
thoroughly scrubbed with hot water and
soiippuwder in such a manner as to loav<
tho tub freo (rom scrum or other ovidenco
of dirt, and then thoroughly wiped out
with a clean  towel,
20. No person suffering from nny skin
or infections disease shall bo employed in
any capacity in or about any barber shop
or bath-house. No barber shall servo a
person afflicted with any contagious or infectious diseaso,
21. Tho interior of evory harbor shop,
bath-house or hairdressing establishment
must bo maintained In a scrupulously clean
and sanitary manner at all times.
22. Any barber shop or bath-house operated under conditions prejudicial to the
public health or safety may bo closed by _
Provincial or other authorized inspector.
28, A printed copy of the foregoing
shall be conspicuously displayed in ovory
barber shop and hairdressing establishment
in  the Province.
24. Failure on the part of the owner or
--. ^tnagemont of any of tho aforementioned
■ ' 'dBtablishinonts lo comply with the foregoing regulations shall bo deemed sufficient
cause for declaring the premises a puhlb
nuisance under the provisions of int
"Health Act,"  R.S.B.C.  1924, chap. 102.
UY  ORDER  PROVINCIAL  BOARD
OP HEALTH.
By Command.
Hon.  William Sloan,
' Provincinl   Secretary.
der. No theory bul a naturalistic ono,
such as organic evolution, can possibly
explain In a manner satisfactory to
our reason, these genetic relationships
disclosed by blood tests.
Serology is the science which treats
of serums, of which we hear so much
theso days, and of the specific qualities discoverable in blood,
At first sight all blood seems to
look very mueh alike, whether it
comes from this animal or that,
whether from a sheep or a cow, a
monkey or a man; and ordinary chemical analysis falls to show any differ-
'that it corresponds In these partlcu
lars to the blood with which
it is to be mixed. If this precaution be overlooked serious results
may follow the transfusion. It may
even cause the death of the patient.
It has, In fact, been known to do this.
If, then, within the human family
itself, we find such differences in
blood, we would expect to find still
greater ones between human blood
and the blood of other animals. This
Is exactly what we do find. And we
have also found that the injection of
blood from an animal of one group or
race into the system of an animal of
another group or rnce will seriously
affect the latter, even to the causing
of Its death.,
Because of those peculiar properties of blood, it has been found that
a number of definite results may be
reoohed by means of blood reactions;
not tho least valuable of which is the
ascertaining of tho degree of relationship existing between the different
groups of animals found In the world
today. It thus becomes a very valuable auxiliary in zoological classification; and herein lies its Interest for
the evolutionist.
By its means it is now possible to
check up our descriptive lists and seo
If thoy are borne out by the blood reactions.    This has already to a large
otherwise known to exist between the
members of the Primate order]
Thus it is found that the inaction
from the blood of the man-apes is
quick and prompt and commonly manifests ttsel'l In the following order;
Gorilla first, chimpanzee second,
orang-utan third, and gibbon fourth;
Page Three
greep of relationship, which descriptive zpology declares exist between the
different orders of animals on the
enrth today, can in every case be successfully demonstrated and worked
out on a percentage basis similar to
those which- have been given here.
, . ,       ».<_„      The dtJ&reea of relationship between
less  promptly and  completely when   h(,   memberH  Qf  the  PrimQte p
we are dealing with the blood of thelare aeen to be very clear]y brQught
ence.    Notwithstanding this apparent extent boen done with very gratifying
sameness, medical science was aware results, the blood tests confirming in
even    before    our    present    definite a truly remarkable manner the earlier
knowledge of the "specificity" of blood
R
Every noble acquisition Is attended
with  its risks;   he  who  fears  to en-
' counter the one,  must  not expect to
obtain the other.—Metastasio.
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED   PRINTINO  TRADEB COUNOIL—
Moeta spcond Monday in the montk.    Pra-
i sident.  J.  R.  White;  secreUry,   R.  H. NmI-
Im   P   h   Hon  86.
) FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
819 Pender Ht. West—Business  meetings
1st   nnd   Brd   Wednesdny   evenings.     R.   J3.
Neelands,   Chairman;   K,  11.   Morrison,   Soo.-
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Any district ln British Columbia desiring
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Telephone  Soymour  1BBH,  or Bay vln w 6620.
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Fast.
CIVIO   EMPLOYEES   UNION— Meets   first
and third Fridays In eaeh month, at 445
Richards   Street.    President.   David   On thi!!.
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[ ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of    Steam   and   Operating,   Local    882—
ileets   overy   Wednesday   at   8   p.m.,   Room
806 Holden Bldg.    Prosldent, Charles Pries;
^business agent and financial secretary, F. L,
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. P. of M.—Meots
| in Cotillion Hall, corner of Davie and Grnn-
F ville streets, second Sundny at 10 a.m.
I President, E. A. Jamieson, 001 Nelson
1 Street; Secretary, J. W, Allen, 901 Nelson
I Stroet; Financial Secretnry, W. E. Williams,
Nolson  Street;  Orgnnisor,  F,
* 991 Nelson Street.
THK VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDER-
(ATION—Meots at 091 Nelson Street, at 11
a.m on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sanday of the month. President, Harry Pearson,
991 NeUon Streot; Secretary, E. A. Jamleson, 901 Nolson Stroet; Business Agent, F.
k Fletcher, 091  Nelson St. _
TYPOORAPHIOAL UNION, No. 226—Preii-
Ident, R. P. Pettlpioco; vice-president, 0.
F. Campbell; secrotary-treasurer, R. H. Nee-
(ands, P. O. Box 66. Meets last Sunday of
each month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, 11
,.Bastings Street East.	
ll-fUNCE       RUPERT       TYPOORAPHIOAL
UNION,   No.  418—Preaident,   8.-D. Mao-
1 donald,  iecretary-troasurer, J.  M. Campbell,
j P. O. Box 689.   Heeta Ust Thursday ol eaeh
had been reached, that there must be
Important differences in the compos!
tion of blood; for experience had
shown that a transfusion' could not
be made from an animal to a human
being without serious injury, or even
death, to the patient. It was clear,
therefore, there must be a difference
nt lenst in human and other blood.
Today, we know from a long series
of experiment, conducted by different
Investigators, that not only are there
specific differences in the blood of
man and nearly all the other animals
—and lho lew exceptions to the rule
are tremendously significant as we
shall presently see—but that there are
equally specific differences In lhe
blood of the different groups or class
es of animals themselves; and that
these differences seem to be always
proportionate to the nearness or re-
moteness of the genetic relationships
descriptive zoology has led us to be'
lieve exist between thein. It is this
distinctive quality of blood which
gives it its character of "specificity
as it is called. Even within the same
group or family or race of animals, a
specific difference in the character of
the blood reveals Itself. TVe have
learned, for example, that it ls very
unsafe to make a blood transfusion
from one human being to another
without first testing the quality and
character of the blood to he taken
trom   the   subject,   and  ascertaining
OITY   OP   VANOOUVER
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS
ASPHALT OE CONCRETE
PAVEMENTS
rpENDERS will bo received by the under-
1 signed up  to Tuesday,   19th  May,   at 2
p.m., for thu paving of the following streets
and lane with asphalt or concrete:
Fifth Avenue, Bnyswater Street to Balaclava  Street.
Tenth Avenue, OranviUe Street to Cypress  Streot.
Eleventh Avenue, Yew Street lo Vine
Street.
Thirteenth Avenue, Cedar Street to Cypress Stroet.
Gore  Avenue,   Alexander  Street  to  C.P.R.
tracks,
Lane west of Qranvllle Street, Robson
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Specifications, particulars und forms of
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of specifications,  etc.,  in  good condition.
A deposit by marked cheque, payable to
tho City Treasurer, of an amount equal to
five (5) per cont. of tho total nmount of
the bid submitted, must accompany ench
tender.
WILLIAM   McQUEEN,
City Clerk.
City  Hall,   Vnncouver,   B.C.,
lath   May,   1925.
OITY OF VANCOUVER
TENDERS FOR TRUCKING
TENDERS Will be recoived hy the undersigned up to Tuesday, May 10th, 1925,
at 2 p.m., for trucking in (he Works und
Waterworks   Depart incuts.
Particulars and specifications may ba
ohtained al the office of the City Engineer,  City Hall.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
WILLIAM   McQUEEN,
City Olerk.
City  Hall,   Vancouver,   B.C.,
Mny   lath,   102F.
OITY OF VANOOUVER
Tenders for Supply and Delivery
of Bridge Paints
TENDERS will bo received hy the undersigned up to Wednesday. 20lh May,
I!.*.■_.■'.. not later than 4 p.m., for the supply
and delivery of approximately 1200 gallons
of bridge paints.
A deposit by marked cheque, pnyahle to
tho City Treasurer, of an amount equal to
five (6) per cent, of the total amount nf
the hid submitted must ne emu pany each
tender. The cheque of tho successful tenderer will ho retained until tho contract Is
satisfactorily   completed.
Specifications, form of tender nnd othor
particulars may be obtained nt the office
of the City Engineer, City Hall.
The lowest or any tonder not nccessnrily
accepted.
JAMES  STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
Cily  Hnll,  Vancouver,   B.C.,
14th Mny,  1026.
TENDERS FOR SHOES
THE undersigned will receivo tenders up
to noon Wednesday. Mny 20th, for
supplying approximately 21)0 pnir shoes for
Plro Department. Samples to urrnmpnny
under,
JAMES   STUART,
Purchasing  Agent.
Phone Sttf. 1198. 313 CARRALL ST.
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Established   188S
A FACTORY  POR REPAIRINO HIQX-
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CHRONOMETERS AND JEWBLBT
Antique Clocks, Chronographs, ke.
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zoological classifications. Only" in a
few instances has disagreement 1'i'een
found between the two systems.
Of these blood tests the best known
and most widely practised are those
employed b.v Doctor George H. F.
Xuttall and his colleagues at the University of Cambridge. These experiments have been confirmed in large
part by other Independent investigators In different parts of the world,
so that today they may be regarded
as well-established facts of science.
Thore are several ways of bringing
about these blood reactions, but we
will consider here only one of them,
and by preference the "precipitation
method," usually employed by Nuttall; first, because of the large number
of his tests—some lti.000 In all—and,
second, because his tabulated results
best lend themselves to presentation
in an inquiry such as this.
The pr Ip'itatidn method of reaction is thus performed: Freshly-drawn
blood Is taken from somo animal or
a human being. This is now allowed
to clot. Clotting occurs quickly if the
blood be left standing in a dish or
pan for a few minutes. When the
clotting has taken place the watery
portion at the bottom of lhe dish Is
drained off and set aside for future
use. This almost colorless liquid is
called "blood-serum." Let us suppose
the blood In this instance was that of
a humnn being, the serum would then
be known as human serum. Let us
further suppose the test we are about!
to mnke is to determine whether any
particular specimen of blood or bloodstain Is of human origin or not. This
has often to be done in murder cases.
We must first obtain some anti-human serum to act as precipitating
agont in our test. This is done by injecting small quantities of the human
serum we have prepared into tho veins
of some animal—say a  rabbit or a
Old World 4 monkeys, becoming progressively weaker and slower as we
descend the Primate scale through
the New World monkeys, and marmosets to the lemurs, the lowest members of the order. With these latter
we find the reaction very slow and
fhe precipitation nil or almost so in
a solution of ordinary strength.
These results bring out exactly the
same degree of genetic relationship
as our embryological, anatomical and
pali.'nntoUigieal investigations led us
to believe existed between lhe mem
bers of the Primate order; thus offer
ing strong supplementary proof of
man's membership In this order and
his close relationship to the man-ape:
As illustrating concisely and plainly
the truth of this statement, the foi
lowing tabulated results of a numbei
of experiments conducted by Nuttall
with anti-human and other sora are
here set forth.
(A.) Anti-human precipitating
serum tested against: per. Cent,
Head ion
34 specimens of human blood
gave 	
8 specimens   (3   species)    of
Anthropoid blood gave'	
36 specimens (26 species) of
Old World monkeys' blond
gave   	
13 specimens (9 species) of
New    W arid    monkeys'
blood gave        7S
4 specimens   (3   species)   of
Marmosets' blood Kave	
'1 speoimens   (2   species)   of
Lemurs'   blood   gave	
These   reactions   speak   for
te'ves.
A close similarity to the reactbi
from anti-human seruni is observed l!
we employ anti-simian sera instead;
one set of experiments confirming the
results of the other very remarkably
thus demonstrating beyond doubt tin
specificity of Primate bloou.
(B.)     Tests   with   Antl-Chimpamee
seruni against: Per Cent,
Reaction.
3 specimens of human blood
gave   	
3 specimens   (2  species)   of
Anthropoid blood gave	
23 specimens (lit species) of
Old Worid monkeys' blood
gave    65
(C.) Tests with Antl-Oram
serum against* Per Cent
Reaction
23 specimens of Human blood
(4  races)  gave        8fi
8 specimens   of   Anthropoid
' blood  (3 species)  gave      87
32 specimens of Old World
monkeys' blood (23 species)   gave        84
12 specimens of New World
monkeys' blood (8 species)   gave    42
100
100
1)2
.50
0
them
100
.100
Tests  with   Antl-.Monlu
thecus) seruni against
(Cercypl-
Per Cent.
Reaction.
23 specimens of human blood
(4  races)   gave      87
3 specimens of Anthropoid
blood  (3 species) gave      7»
i 3u specimens   of   Cercopithe-
cidre    (O. W.)    blood    (24
species) gave        100
13 specimens of Ceblda. {N.
W.) blond O species) gave    .46
4 specimens of Marmosets
(N.W.) blood (3 species)
gave         25
This same anti-serum was used with
guinea-pip,   either   of  which   animals the blood of the following groups of
is easily controlled—at short intervals
of one or two days. The quantity of
the human serum must be small
enough not to cause the death of the
animal; for being foreign serum this
it would quickly do if injected too
freely. This human serum will cnuse
the formation in the animal's blood of
what Is called an anti-body. (We
may perceive in this process the principle which underlies all our present-
day inoculation.)
Tho animal is allowed Lo live for
several days after the last Injection,
It Is then killed, the blood laken from
the body, tlio wed _o clot, and then
the scrum Is drained off nml set n ido
This serum thus obtntm-d is * n
as anti-human scntm and is a most
valuable and extremely delicate test
for determining the presence of human blood and for differentiating It
from all other kinds of blood except
lhat of the other Anthropoldea. This
may he done whatever the condition
of the blood; not only when It is fresh
and liquid, but also when It Is stale
and dry, or when but tho faintest
trace of it is found. All thnt is required is to sunk the specimen In n
weak solution of common salt. Should
it he dirty and associated with foreign
substances, these Impurities mny bo
filtered out again and again, until the
solution Is ns limpid and clear ns
spring water, without affecting the
specificity or distinctive characters of
the blood. These remain the same;
and if tho blood he human this fact
will Inevitably reveal itsolf by means
of this delicate test if It ho properly
carried out.
A few drops of this anli-bunian
■ertim poured into the solution will
cause a clouding effoct to appear
after a short interval, nnd whon the
reaction Is completed a white proclpl-
tuui will be formed nnd deposited at
the bottom of the test tubo. If the
blood be not thnt of a human being
the tost Invariably falls, no clouding
appears and no precipitation takes
place, with one remarkable and significant exception: Thfs Is whon tho
solution contains the blood of somo
other membor of the Primate order.
We may take the blood of any of
our domestic animals nr of any wild
animal, and no reaction follows; but
If (ho solution bo mado from tho blood
f one of the other Primates the re-
Ctlon Is soon to follow the snmo lines
as In tho caso of human blond, wilh
this Blhgle difference, namely: that
Ihe promptness and completeness of
tho reaction Is always found to bo In
proportion to the genetic relationships
animals   with   these  very  significant
low percentage results:           Per Cent.
Reaction.
29 Chlroptera         0
12 Insectivora      0
95 Carnlvora       2
62 Rodentla      0
67 Ungulata       1
3 Cetacea       0
13 Edentata       o
26 Marsupalia      8
271  Aves  (Incl.   3 eggs)      0
45 Reptilla       0
» Amphibia         0
14 Pices     ,      0
Nuttall remarks of these monkey-
serum tests: "The results will be seen
to correspond lo those obtained with
t' e preceding anti-sera, only that the
reactions among the ('ercopithecidie
(Old World monkeys) form the majority of the marked reactions." This
is what one would expect, as the
serum comes from them.
The outstanding feature about these
tests is the marked specificity of tbe
blood of the Primates; antl-1'riiuatf;
sora having little or no effect, When
solutions of ordinary testing strength
are used, upon the blood of other
groups of animals.
Experiments made with anti-sera
from any of these bring out the same
specific characters In blood. Tho reactions manifested aro always proportionate in strength to the closeness of
the genetic relationship existing lio-
tween the animal whose blood is being tested and tin1 animal from whicb
tho serum comes. The closer the
blood-tie, the stronger and quicker
the reaction, Tho remoter tho blood-
tie, the weaker and slower the reaction.
Thts is admirably brought out In
tho  following set of experiments:
Anti-Sheep Scrum       Anti-Pi^ Serum
Per Cent. Per  Cent,
...    1110
Pig    	
Horso   	
n_ 	
... .so
...   in
Antelope ...
...  so
Hog-deer   .
...  il
Hog-door  .
..   *I7
Col   	
M
Holndeer
..   110
Don 	
13
I'll?   	
..   20
Sheep   	
IS
Horan   	
..    16
Wallaby ...
5
Cat	
...    12
Dor 	
Wallaby  ...
7
...   5
These results show vory clearly that
there are measurable differences in
the degrees of reaction.   Tho percent-
' in each case is based upon the
amount of precipitation obtained under similar conditions.
It may be slated In this connection
that if very strong solutions are used
In thoso foslH, sufficient caro taken
ovor them, and time enough allowed
for the precipitation, ihe varying de-
out in these experiments, In the same
way anti-carnivore sera show a preponderance of large reactions among
the bloods of the Carnlvora as distinguished from other Mammalia;
the maximum reactions' Invariably
taking place amongst those forms,
which we commonly regard as related j
to one another.
Anti-pig serum gives maximum .-
actions only with the bloods of other
species of the same family, as we havo
seen. It gives slighter reactions with
blood of ruminants and with camels,
and a slight reaction with the blood
of whales, Conversely anti-whale
serum gives slight reactions with pig-
blood, and strong reactions with the
blood of other whales.
From other lines of evidence conclusions had been drawn by zoologist!
that genotlc relationships existed be
tween the llama and the camel. These
conclusions aro borne out by the
blood test, anti-llama serum giving a
fnir reaction with the blood of the
camel and vice versa.
The close relationship believed to
exist between the deer family, the antelopes, sheep, goats, oxen, etc., are
also clearly demonstrated by the specific characters of their blood unde"
these tests, as the example given
above shows.
Among the reptiles anti-lizard serum gives maximum results only with
the blood of other lizards and moderate reactions with the blood of
snakes.
Experiments with anti - reptilian
sera disclose the fact thnt there is a
close relationship between lizards and
snakes, and between turtles and crocodiles; and also that birds are more
nearly related to the turtle-crocodile
ries than to the lizard-snake series.
Here again we find confirmation of
earlier palwontological studies
and conclusions. We know that the
snake-form has been many times independently evolved by different
families of lizards.
Nuttall tells us that tests were made
by moans of anti-sera for the fowl
and the ostrich, upon 792 and t!4!i
bloods respectively, and that they
demonstrated a similarity in blood
composition of all birds. These results are in sharp contrast with what
has been observed with mammalian
bloods when acted upon by anti-mammalian sera. They would indicate,
therefore, that birds, as a group, are
more nearly related to each other
than aro the mammals as a group.
This is exactly what might have been
anticipated from palreontological ovidence.
Taking Nuttall's 16,000 blood tests
ns a whole, it has to he admitte.d that
they bring thc strongest confirmation
of the genetic relationship existing
between the various groups of animals, and especially between those of
the same family and order. These experiments form the final, consummate links ju the long chain of evidence science has gathered since Darwin's time in support of his great
generalization; and when laken in
conjunction with the vestigial structures considered In the preceding article, should remove the last lingering doubt from the mind of anyone
capable of evaluating scientific evidence, concerning the validity of tho
doctrine of organic evolution and the
descent of man from lower life-forms.
(To be continued.)
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Distribution of  Lubor
It is estimated that there are 224,-
000,000 people, or 71 per cent, of the
entire poulation of India, engaged in
agriculture.
It is a lack of moral justice which Is
Europe's undoing.—Smuts.
All government without the consent
of the governed Is the very definition
of slavery.—Swift.
The Federationist ls out to hel|
the workers. There is no nobler
work. Join us In the fight. Get
your friends to subscribe.
Fresh   Cat  Flowers, Funeral  Designs, Wedding  Bonquets, Fot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bnlbs, florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS ANP NURSERYMEN
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Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50   5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, by undersigned.
JUST RECEIVED
THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE BRITISH TRADE UNION DELEGATION TO RUSSIA—234 pages, with Maps and Illustrations.   Price, $1.50
Pnst  PVno
Post Free.
THOS. A. BARNARD
Book Seller and Stationer
63 COMMERCIAL STREET, NANAIMO. B. C. Page Four
seventeenth YEAR. No. zo BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.
FRIDAY May 16,  1926
Farmer - Labor
The time has come when these two great groups must unite—
There must be a greater understanding of each others problems
BOTH GROUPS ARE BEING EXPLOITED. BOTH ARE BEING ROBBED OF THE
FRUITS OF THEIR LABOR. BOTH ARE FEELING THE PINCH OF PRIVATION,
SOME OF ACTUAL DESTITUTION. FOR EVERY EFFECT THERE IS A CAUSE. WE
KNOW THE EFFECT; LET US SEEK THE CAUSE AND ERADICATE IT.
THERE never was a time in the history of the Dominion of Canada when the Farmers
were finding it harder to bear up under their burdens than they are today. Why
do such conditions exist? There is to be found in this Province of British Columbia
soil that is unsurpassed for its productivity; a climate that is well adapted for the growing of an unlimited variety of farm products; the farmers themselves are a thrifty, industrious, hard-working group. As the result of all this, there are grown in this province
fruit and vegetables and other farm products, world famed for their quality and appearance.
In spite of all this, such a state of affairs as is depicted in the following, taken from
the Duncan report, published by the Department of Labor of the Dominion of Canada, exists.
TELLING EXCERPTS
Extract from a letter from A. C. Stephens at Vernon, who was collecting Summerland
accounts:
"To W. E. Carruthers, Nash Supervisor, Calgary, Alta.:
"I sure stepped into a nest of hornets there, without knowing where I was going till I was up against them. The way
feeling is running down there it is a wonder I got anything at
all. Charlie Brosi was well spoken of, and the mutual organization generally, but it was largely a matter of a lot of them being
right up against it, watching their families starving, and they
just naturally turned 'red.' It is a bad time to ask a man for
money or for a note."
Another extract: Mr. Snow, of Mutual Limited (Vancouver), writing to Carruthers, states as follows: "The writer is
meeting the local growers daily, who nre talking as though they
were a bunch of starved Russian refugees."
Mr. Snow, to Mr. Carruthers, further quotes: "Do not think
for a moment it gives the writer any pleasure to advance money
to the growers. We would have been much better today if we
did not have to worry about some of the advances we are continually being asked for. You ask if they are absolutely broke
at Victoria. We do not see any difference between the Growers
over there and those in any other place, only that they are just
bent, not broke."
PLAYING ONE AGAINST THE OTHER
The people who have been living off the farmer and the industrial worker have been
playing the one against the other. Long tirades have appeared in the public press for the
consumption of the farmer, pointing out the short working hours and high wages which the
city worker, it is claimed, through the medium of his various trade unions, has been able
to command. This was the "red herring" that was drawn across the trail to divert the attention of the farmer from his real exploiters.
When, as is admitted by all, there is such a marked difference in price between that
paid by the worker for the farmtr's products, and that received by the farmer for those
products, it is evident that the worker is little, if any, better off. It is obvious that a large
amount of this "spread" is being absorbed along the way and in a manner that works
equally to the disadvantage of both the worker and the farmer alike. Evidently the farmer
is beginning to see this, as is shown by the following communication received by the Duncan
Commission from a grower:
A RANCHER'S INVESTMENT
"■* * * A rancher's investment brings him no interest, small or large, and his time is
counted for nothing. Yet we go to Vancouver and elsewhere and see with our own eyea
our fruit being sold at very high prices—yet we dare not spend a cent other than for dire
necessities. * * * We must go on working or let our ranches die, or go elsewhere and
earn money, as several are doing right here (I could give their names) to live and pay help
to keep the trees alive."
CO-OPERATION
Another thing that the farmer is beginning to see is the ben .fits that accrue to him
through co-operation. The following extract from the Duncan report: "The producers of
British Columbia may be classified as organized and unorganized, and are known as co-operatives and independents. The co-operative associations, which represent an achievement in
organization, have made possible what slight amelioration there has been in the condition of
the growers. The independents are enabled in some cases to avoid certain of the overhead
to which the co-operatives are subject, but, in so doing, they take the benefits created by
their fellow-growers without contrributing to the cost; and, in many cases, by their unregulated marketing seriously disorganize the market for both parties. Like some fungus, they
sap the strength of the tree which shelters them."
FARMER AND INDUSTRIAL WORKER
The problem that confronts alike the farmer and the industrial worker is how to free
themselves from the control of the big financial interests that are today robbing them of
the fruits of their labor, without rendering any necessary service to society. As the necessary factors in production, there are two parallel paths by which the farmer and the worker
must proceed to become the masters of their own destiny. First, through co-operation in the
production and distribution of the fruits of their labor. Second, by co-operating upon the
political field, securing control of the various legislative bodies.
THE FIRST STEP
A Dominion election is a possibility during this year, and must come in 1926. As a first
step, the farmers should organize on a political basis for the purposes of united action on
their own behalf. It is a case of "their minding their own business." They have allowed
the old-time politicians to run their affairs quite long enough and now they should take a
hand in it themselves.
LABOR WILL CO-OPERATE
We are quite sure that labor will meet tham more than half way. We would suggest
that the matter of organization of the farmers be left in their own hands. They understand
the conditions as they exist in their own localities and can the better organize to meet their
particular needs. With a programme of co-operation they will, undoubtedly, find that labor
will be more than ready and willing to co-operate with them.
WRITE THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST does not attempt to lay down a programme or platform
for either the farmers or the industrial workers. Sufficient for us is it if they accept the
principle of co-operation as opposed to .individual action. The actual policy will be worked
out as time goes on. However, we are anxious for a discussion on this matter by the farmers, and we would suggest that they write to THE B. C. FEDERAi'JONIST, giving us
their various viewpoints and suggestions. It is by an interchanging of ideas that we hope to
make any advancement along the lines of real progress.
H
Timely Topics
»■■«■■».■♦■■>■<..tl,!■_»■!11.»i-—■»-+■■«..-t—nnip i.hii|ii4
Hero Dies!
pENERAL CHARLES MANGIN,
who commended the combined
French-American army in the battle
ol' the Some, died recently in Paris.
He will huve the consolation of knowing that hundreds and thousands have
gone before b.m. We hope that he
will be as flatteringly received on thc
other side of the great divide when he
arrives, as he was parted with on this
side. The thousands who gave up
their lives ungrudgingly and as bravely as over soldiers could, have past
unrecognized, and even those who
may not have made the supreme sacrifice, altogether they may have suffered much worse, since Ihey are left
maimed and dependent, and receive
nothing but a paltry pension or perhaps abuse. A funny world!
« • •
Caillaux Offers Proposal!
Caillaux, we fear is going to have
his hands full before he gets the financial entanglement of Franco
straightened out. as he might like.
He, of course, must know that the
money lenders will always demand
their pound of flesh—come what may.
If they could only be made to see that
If they were to but pay their own
debt to thc society in which they
live, the country would be free. "We
need never fear that they will do so
voluntarily, however. They must be
made to see it, whether they like it
or not. There Is no other way than
by a form of capita] levy of some
sort or other.   Let us speed the day.
• •    *
Helping Vnncouver
When a "Gale" blows up, watch out.
Apparently Vancouver has been stung
as the result of this "Gale". We won
der how tho liberal government will
square itself with the people of Van
couver. We realize that politicians
are wizards at getting themselves out
of a difficult position, but how then
can they make the people believe that
depriving them of that $2,000,000 or
so, that they were going to give the
harbor board, so that private enter
prise might flourish, Is beyond ua.
• •    •
Makes Clean  Getaway I
A prisoner at Oakalla is reported
to havo made a clean get away. It
is not often so reported. The authorities usually suggest that there was
some dfrty work somewhere. This
time, however, it was clean, apparently. We aro sure though, that thlnga
would be much cleaner If some who
are now outside of Oakalla, were apprehended and put inside, even
though it might be necessary to let
out a few who are already thore. If
some of our controllers of big business
and high finance were there, this province might bo made safer for democracy.
• •    •
"Hinrty" Hooted
Hlndenburg la finding that his
pathway Is not all strewn with roses.
He will realize it still more as time
goes on. He cannot serve God and
Mammon any more than cnn any one
else. He cannot serve the people of
Germany and the capitalists of the
world, or, for that matter of Germany
itself. The whole world Is passing
through a crisis. Germany and Hln
denburg are not alone in their sorrow
and trouble.
Now Jersey Eloctrical Workei-s
A further report has been received
on a series of adjustments affecting
electrical workers in Itahway, Linden,
Elizabeth, Springfield, Westfield, and
Union, New Jersey. Theae workers
struck on April 1, for an increase
from $10 to $11, which was finally
grnntcd, and work has been resumed.
Carpenters Lose strike
Carpenters of Troy, N. Y., lost theft
striko for an increase from $1 to $1.10
per hour. The strike has been declared off and the old rate will ob
tain  during the ensuing  year.
He who plants rightly never uproots. He who lays hold rightly ne
vor  relinquishes.—Laotze.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARKISTEES,   SOLIOITOBS, ETO.
401-408 Metropolitan  Building
837 Hastings St. W.,  VASOOUVEB,  B.O.
Telephones: Seymonr 6666 nnd 6667
$10.°°
Per Ton, Delivered
Nanaimo-Wellington
WASHED
NUT
COAL
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
I.randnii   Comte Opera  Company
The music lovers and theatregoers of Vancouver and vicinity are
indeed fortunate in that tho Orpheum
circuit has engaged the Brandon
comic opera company, an organization of fifty gifted voices, to play a
summer engagement at the Orpheum
theatre in somo of the world's standard light and comic operas, present-
Ing a now opera eacn week With
popular matinees on Wednesday and
Saturday.
The first week's offering on Monday evening, May 18th, will be '.'The
Chocolate Soldier" one of lho most
popular and tuneful musical plays
that the comic opera world hus neon
n many years. The music is by Os-
:ar  Strauss and  the story,  based   nn
George Bernard Shaw's brilliant satirical comedy, "Arms and tho Man".
Vancouver music lovers and theatregoers need not bo reminded of ibe
youthful vigor and singing ability of
the principals among whom are Theo
Pennington, Harry Pfell, Carl Uuiul-
schu, Ed Andrews, .Jeanne Rae, .Jessie
Evans and George Olson with Clarence West, conductor.
With such a splendid singing organization and the class of opera lhat
the company will offer this summer
(all suns in English) and at popular prices, the engagement wfll undoubtedly prove so popular that the
Orpheum will make this summer
music festival an annual affair.
The regular box office ticket sale-
opens  on  Thursday,   May   14th.
Manifesto and Platform
—OP THE—
Federated Labor Party of B.C.
THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY is organized for thc purpose of securing industrial legislation, and the collective ownership and democratic control of the means   of   wealth   production.
Private ownership of the means of wealth production (landB,
forests, mines, fisheries, mills and factories), is the basis of the present
system of society. The ownership of these natural resources and the
machinery of production is vested in a small minority of the people,
who, because of this ownership, constitute the real rulers of the
country—the ruling class.
This class ownership of the means of life, with the restrictions and
appropriation of the fruits of labor necessarily following it, is the root
pause of the present insecurity and privation suffered bj the working class.
Tho large majority of the people—the working class—being prop-.
erty less, must obtain the necessities of life through the only channel"
open to them, i.e., by selling their labor power. The only condition
upon which they can do so is that a proflt must accrue to the owning
elass from the process. Profits for the few and not the needs of the
many is thc motive underlying production.
The farmer, despite the semblance of ownership which appears
from the occupancy of the land and the machinery with which he
works it, is in approximately the same position as the propertyiess
wage-worker.   The wage-worker sells his labor power direct to the
capitalist class for a price (wages), and that which he produces belongs to the party employing him or her.   The farmer converts Els
labor power into other commodities, (wheat, oats, etc.), which he •
must dispose of in the open market, having little or no control over the
disposal of his product.  The result of his toil passes into the hands of .
the* capitalist class in rent, interest and profit just as surely and completely as does the product of the labor of the wage-worker, whicli he '<
(the wage-worker) leaves in the mill or factory when the whistle blows
at the end of the day.
The production and distribution of the things essential to our A
needs has reached a stage of development in whicli it requires the
active cooperation of practically all the productive forces in society;
social production has superseded individual production. Our ultimate
objective is, therefore, the collective ownership of things collectively
produced and collectively used. The need and well-being of society
must be the regulator of produetion.
Thc present ruling class maintains its ownership in the means of
life and consequent exploitation of the workers through its control of /I
the powers of thc state. This present system of government is con-<
trolled by the same class which controls the industries, and hence
is used in their interests. Under these conditions the welfare of the
masses is a subordinate consideration.
Realizing this, it logically follows that the working class oan not
improve their condition in any permanent way until they assume the(
powers and functions of the state. This can be accomplished in this \
country by taking advantage of our political privileges and electing
working-class representatives to all legislative and administrative
bodies.  The working class itself must be its own emancipator. ,
Taking into consideration the international aspect of thc development of capitalism and the interdependence of each country upon all
other countries for even the partial functioning of the productive
forces that obtain to-day, we realize the impossibility of the working
class of any one country—even if the entire government was within
its control—formulating and carrying out, unaided, a complete programme of socialisation. Wc therefore pledge our support and cooperation to all groups, of whatever nationality, having similar aims.
The Federated Labor Party will support all legislative measures
having for their purpose the betterment of the condition _ the working class, but wo maintain, that so long as the workers are content"to I
sell their life's energy in the market they must accept the conditions
whicli the fluctuation of that market entails.
The present productive forces of socioty arc quite sufficient to supply our every need and comfort; but the present system of production
and appropriation denies to the great mass of tho people the bareJ
necessities of life.   While the few revel in wealth and luxury, mill-fl
ions are done to death by slow starvation.   Knowledge of the cause)!
of this phenomenon is absolutely essential to intelligent action. 1
Class ownership of the means of production; class appropriation of IJ
the social product of labor, is the cause of this denial to the workers)
of an opportunity to participate in the fruits of their labor.
_ Collective ownership of the means of production; social appropri-J
ation of that which is socially produced, is the only means to end ex-j
ploitation. . J
In the foregoing ,ve have given an outline as brief and concise as'j
possible of the basis of present-day society.
The Federated Labor party as a socialist party holds that the diffljl
cultics which the working class is laboring under can only be removed)!
by a change in our economic system. For this reason we do not put!
forward any lengthy list of immediate aims. I
By working elass wo mean all of the people who must labor by!
hand or by brain and have no other means of support. i
The function of the party is to organizo and educate the workers!
along political lines as the surest and safest way to get control of thef
powers of government.   Once having secured that power it will bq
used to liberate where it. i.; now used to oppress. I
Changes eome slowly as the people learn slowly and to try ancl
force changes before the mass of the people are ready for them will*!
ony defeat the end wc have in view.
Before the workers can advance to power they must gain confid-t
ence in their own ability as organizers, legislators and administrators;!
and the best way to create that confidence is by contesting thc olect-f
ion to every elective office. I
On the platform, around the council table or in the legislature wel
shall put forward and work for the passing of such reforms as thefl
workers think necessary for the strengthening of their position, bu*i
our ultimate goal is the socialist state.
.M?rat.?i} lOabnr fartg nf !.(&.
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP '
/, the undersigned, endorse and subscribe to the furtherance of thel
declared objects of the Parti and agree to be governed b\> the, j
Constitution thereof.
Name 	
Address  _	
Phone No Occupation sa,\
Proposed  b_	
Date	

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