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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 26, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTBIAL UNITY! 8TBHNGTH
TENTH YEAR.  No. 17
OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
EIGHT PAGES VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 26,1918
41^   POLITICAL UNITT:   VI0TOB1
WffoT)    $1-50 PER YEAR ■
OF
Thousands of Unorganized
Only Need Heart-to-
Heart Talk
lews Findings of Royal
Commission in Recent
Wage Dispute
Union Men Wanted to Help
as Organizers During
Next Month
Union men are not born, they nre
mndo. There nro several thousand men
nnd womon in the provinoe today who
could bo persundod to join n 'union, t'o
organize n union uud mnke good lighters in a union if somebody would huve
a good heart-to-henrt tnlk with them,
The renson, therefore, thui these men
and women do not curry union cards is
luck of organizers. Thero uro mnny
puid organizers in the Labor movemont,
but they all huve their hands full attending to tho demands of their various
organizations. Most unions nro pnying
out all thoy cnn afford for organizers,
yot there is u tremendous nmount of orgnnizntion work to bc dono to get tho
unorganized thousands lined up in tho
union movement.
This apparently cnn not be done, 'under the oiroumstnncoB, unless every mnn
und woman who curries a union curd,
makes up tlieir minds thnt a powerful
lubor movement is absolutely essential,
if they would hold on to whut conditions thoy hnve und steadily improve
thorn. The bigger und stronger tho
Lnbor movement is, the more easily will
the demands of tlie workers be granted.
Hence overy union mnn nnd woman
should not only keep talking trnde
unionism to their workmates, but they
should tnlk to every mnn nnd womnn
of overy other line of work, on the
necessity of getting a union curd.
Thut is tho way to mnko trnde unionists. Every worker must be encouraged
to curry a curd. No matter whut his
work is, there is a union ready to no-
cept him or her. Organizer Midgley,
room 210, Labor Temple, will supply all
tho information required on thiB score.
If you uro a union man or woman,
then talk trade unionism to everybody
you meet for the next month. Act as
an organizer. Boost you own union nnd
every other union. It is to your benefit
to help build up other unions ns well as
your own. Let all card mon try this for
a month, and see if we ennnot got a
Labor movement hero in the city of
25,000, and of 50,000 in the province.
Start todny to make trade unionists.
Warehousemen
Business Agent Robertson of tlio
Warehousemen, reports nine new members und a good meeting. A new wngo
schedule is being drawn up for presentation to wholesale grocers of the city.
A mass meeting will be held this (Fri-
dny) evening, nnd all those itnercsted
in tho now scale nre requested to be
present.
Boilermakers
Twenty-five new members wore nd-
mittod at a well attended meeting of
the Boilermnkers, reports Secretary
Cnrmichiiel. Preparations ure well under wuy for the North Vancouver picnic. The executive of the district couneil, of which President McEnchcrn, T.
A. Moore and T. Fox nre delegates,
meets May 0 in Seattle.
Machinists No. 777
Six new members were initiated nnd
fifteen applications received at u good
meeting of the Machinists' Lodge, No.
777. Considerable discussion took pluce
over the vnrious reports by the daily
press, of the findings of the Imperinl
Munitions board commission. The ticket-sellers for tho Machinists Ladies'
auxiliary whist drive und dunce, report
that the tickets ure going well.
Steam and Operating Engineers
Fifteen new members were initiated
at a largely attended nieeting of the
Steam und Operating Engineers, reports
Business Agent Alexander. The mntter
of raising tho dues is to be put to a referendum vote of thc locals comprising
the district council. Tho rniBe is for
tho purpose of placing an orgnnizer in
the field to build up the orgnnization,
us thero arc many engineers scattered
throughout tho district who should nnd
would belong to the orgnnization if ap-
pronchod.
Metal Trades Council
The report of the findings of the Imperial Munitions board commission took
up considerable time at tho meeting of
the Metnl Trades council, nnd there
seemed to be ununimous dissntisfuction
with thc 48-hour week clause. Thc report was referred to the executive
board, with instructions to bring in a
recommendation. Delegates to the convention of the Metal Trados District
council, which is to bc held in Seattle,
wore instructed to insist that the organizations to the south enforce tho 44-
hour week, which wns decided on nt a
previous convention.
Carpenters
An interview with the business
agents of the two carpenters unionB
brought out tho fnct thnt carpentors
are scarce, and that is why B.isiness
Agent Thomas is weuring such a worried look these days. It keeps him
guessing hunting up men. Most of thc
contractors are of the opinion that the
$5.50 wage scale demanded by the joint
unions is justifiable, nnd will be willingly paid. Carpenters' tools have gone
up 75 por cent., und with the inerensed
cost of everything else, there is no
doubt but thnt the carpenters intend to
mnko n decided stand for tho scale.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Twenty-one now members wore initiated at u well-attended meeting of the
Teamsters and Chauffeurs union, reports
Business Agent Bert Showier. Thc locul
instructed its offlcors to endeavor to
organize thc Oriental drivers working
in tho city. Considerable discussion
took place in connection with Btrt
Showier's trip to Seattle. He reported
everything booming down there, und
teamBters 'anion going strong with 1700
members in one union, nnd $7000 in the
treasury. Bert Showier is full of optimism since his' trip, and is endeavoring to innoculato the membership here
with the samo spirit.
\
;s   Not   Like   48-Hour
f eek But Other Findings Approved
While the shipbuilding wuge dispute,
und the report of Mr, Justice Murphy
of the findings of the commission, of
which he was the chairman, wero discussed at length Wednesday night by
the Metal Trades council, no definite
conclusion could bc reached. As a mat-
tor of fact, none was attempted. Tho
situation was thoroughly reviewed,from
tho inception of the dispute to the negotiations with tho shipbuilders and
members of thc Imperial Munitions
board und tho final agreement upon a
conciliation commission. The report for
the most part was favorably received,
but on account of the 48-hour week
recommendation, it was far from being
satisfactory to delogutes to the council,
who alluded to tho efforts in the past to
get tho Suturduy half-holiday.
There seems, Judging by the tone of
tho discussion, little hope of the mon
onsidering tho 48-hour recommendation. The council in fnct instructed its
delegates to the northwest conference
nt Taeoma on Mny 1 to insist on the
44-honr week, which wus an understanding which wus arrived ut some months
ago between the men of the shipyards
nnd the builders.
Tbo mntter wns finally left to the exocutive committee to report on at the
meeting of tho M. T. C. next Wednesday.
A brief review of the conclusions of
Judge Murphy, supported in part by
Gordon J. Kelly, representative of the
men, and dissented to by John H. Tonkin, represontntive of tho I. M. B.,
supports tho contention of tho shipyard
workers as against the Imperial Munitions authorities.
The commission holds thut the men
in the wooden shipyards are entitled to
tho 10 per cent, increase demanded retroactive from February 1, provided
that they are willing to work 48 hours
a weok on straight time in all yards
except during Juno, July and August,
nnd provided further that thoy uccopt
tho ruling ns to tho carpenters contained in the Macey report as interpreted
by this commission. The commission
recommends that nil docisions of thc
Macey award, on gradation of labor and
wagos, actually received in British Columbia up to tho date of this report be
put into effect ns thoy have been in the
pnst. On this point Mr. Tonkin dissents; Mr. Kelly agrees that on the evidence the chairman, Mr. Justice Murphy, is right but will submit a recommendation on the quostion of hours.
Should Revise Schedule
The commission finds that there is n
moral obligation upon thc Imperinl Munitions board to revise the wago schedule of tho steel shipworkcrs and make
it accord with that which thc commis-
sion decides must be put into force in
the wooden shipyards und if the board
at Ottawa fulfil this moral obligation,
there will bo a further moral obligation
crease comes into force in the Coughlan
firm does not suffer unduly in a financial way becauso of it. The bourd recommends that if tho 10 per cent, in-
ehoase comes into force in the Cooghlnn
yards nnd tho Wallace firm is forced to
pay tho new scale, the board Bhould
favorably consider nn application for
relief from the Wallace firm shown on
thorough accounting to bu based on
curtailment of profits by reason of the
forced adoption of the new scale.
Oae of the recommendations of the
commission is for the appointment of a
wuge adjustment board for British Columbia to denl with the shipbuilding
industry in its relations to lubor. It is
not suggested that compulsory powers
of arbitration be given the bourd, but
the bonrd so constituted would hnve tho
sanction of public opinion behind it. To
give this sanction its full operative
force, all meetings of this bonrd should
be in public.
The commission points out that altogether apart from thc question of whether the commission's submission ns to
moral obligation is right or not, it must
bo remembered that were it not for tho
restrictions placed on emigration put in
force a few months ago by the. government of the Dominion of Canada, this
question of wuges would automatically
solve itself for the men could go to the
United States und there get the wnges
thoy wore asking here. To insist that
thoy work for lower wuges in British
Columbia and at the snlne time to forbid them to go where they can get n
higher wage is in essence conscripting
lnbor pro tanto,
Since the federnl government hnd always repudiated such iden and since, if
thc Imperinl Munitions board declines
to accept the finding und recommendations of the commission, it will probably bc precipitating industrial strife
hi British Columbin, wliich would not
occur but for the restrictions on emigration, it is submitted the matter is
one which should be n subject of conference between the Dominion government and the Imperial Munitions board.
Further, if us u result of the industrial strife, the men ure beaten nnd nre
compelled to return to tho shipyards, it
is obvious thnt the primary requisite,
speed in shipbuilding will be defented,
as tho efficiency or lnbor will be greatly
decreased by the feeling of the employoes that they nro unjustly treated,
and In fnct conscripted pro tanto despite the open avowal thnt that is not
the policy of the government.
Olher findings and recommendations
tho board mnkcB aro:
The claim of the Coughlan employees
is not to be retroactive.
Mr. Butchart must refund the 50c n
day takon from thc curpenters while
tho Mncey board decision was being
awaited.
Differentiation botweon house carpenters and shipwrights to be abolished.
Laborers are bound to accept the
wage rato fixed by the Mncey a wnrd of
RETURNED SOLDIERS IDLE
******      ******      ******        «*«**«      ******       ******
ALIEN ENEMIES EMPLOYED
Men Who Fought for Their Country Now Demand Opportunity to Make
a Living in It—Many Jobs Held by Alien Enemies, Chinks and Japs While
Veterans Are Doomed to Remain Idle—Protest Made, Relief Demanded
HUNDREDS OF RETURNED SOLDIERS, veterans of the great war, paraded the streets of this'city
on Saturday last as a protest against the condition of unemployment afforded them by their grateful country upon their return from the battle hell of Europe. These men went forth to their country's
service in thc belief that "a country worth living in was a country worth fighting for." Now that they
have returned, they are strongly of tlie opinion that a country worth fighting for ought to be a country
worth living in. As it is only masters of othors who are enabled to live in any country without engaging in some employment, and as these returned veterans do not happen to belong to tho master class,
they must needs havo employment if they are to enjoy the proud privilege of living in this fair land for
which they so willingly went forth to do battle upon the bloody fields of Europe. Tho jobs are held,
however, largely by aliens, large numbers of whom are of those particular countries with which this
eountry is at war. Against this condition, thc returned soldiers have been impelled to register emphatic protest, in hopes, no doubt, that some effort will bc put forth by tho authorities to remedy the opportunity to live in thc land for which they have fought, sacrificed and suffered.
HJUION OF
THE MILITARY
SERVICE ACT
Information Asked for By
Central Labor Body
Is Received
Answers Are Specific and
Leave no Room for
Misunderstanding
For once, at least, Vnncouver Trndes
nnd Labor council hus secured a definite
statement from the authorities at Ottawa. At last meeting, the secretary
was instructed to wire the minister of
justice for specific information with regard to the provisions of the Military
Service Act. This information has been
secured, and thero can bo no mistaking
its interpretation. The telegrnphic an
awer is self-explanatory and rends as
follows:
''Ottawa, Ont., April 22, 1018.
"Victor Midgley,
"Sec. Trades and Labor Oouncll,
"Vancouver, B. O.
"Replying to your telegram 19th,
to Minister of Justice:
"AU men of class 1 of the Military Service Act are soldiers.
"Some are on leave of absence
without pay, having obtained temporary exemptions, etc.
"Others are defaulters, absentees
or deserters.
"On the arrest of the latter, by
the Dominion police, they are turned over as soldiers to the military
authorities.
"Any man not within the class
who is arrested hy the Dominion
police charged with being a defaulter, absentee or deserter and on
stating to the Dominion police that
he is not within the class by reason
of being married, an alien or otherwise, but whose story is doubted by
the Dominion police, must be taken
before a magistrate and charged
with a breach of the Military Service Act and await the magistrate's decision.
'' Director   Military   Service   Bureau."
f Who Is Responsible for the Aliens? '
Upon thc authority of trade union of-
ficais, in close touch with the labor situation throughout the province, we learn
that there is very targe numbers of
what are termed "enemy aliens" ut
work in the various industries. A grcut
many of these nro Austrians, some of
the mines especially being largely manned with them. Practically none of
these Austrians belong to organized
lnbor. Britannia mines,, within a few
miles of this city, affords a striking
case in point. Others may be cited that
are almost, if not quite, as glaring. All
of this alien labor hus been brought
here by the big omploying interests of
this glorious land. Chinks, Japs and
Huns alike have been brought solely
for tho purpose of obtaining n cheaper
und more docile labor than that afforded by tho English-speaking tribe from
which tho veterans and the greater portion «f the membership of orgunized
lubor hnve been recruited. Let ull returned soldiers, as well us the members
of organized labor remember this, that
all of this so-callod alien element, this
class of labor that now largely fills the
jobs while tho English-speaking element
is fed to tho ruling class cannon of
Europe, has been brought upon the
ground und is now being held in possession of tho jobs by the Inud-screuming
patriots who own and control all the
avenues of omploymont in the province
and Dominion. While the moBt fulsome
flattery is poured out upon thc gallant
men who go forth to do battle for King
and country; whilo they ure lauded to
the skies for their loyalty and devotion
to the cause of democracy and liberty
TO
A Federal Order-in-Council
Fails to Keep Out the
"Undesirables"
Tl
No Application Made Locally for the Desired
Mechanics
Organizer Duncan MeCullum of thc
Machinists has received telegrnphic
advices from Toronto thut the Munition Bourd was seeking 40 mon for
installing marine engines nt* Victoria.
This came as somewhat of a surprise locally, for tho board had mnde no application to the local union for the services of such men. Pending further
informntion covering the subject the
Toronto Machinists represontntive, H.
Harper, will, in railway parlance, "proceed with caution."
There is, a great demand for pile
drivers and wooden bridgemen und the
business ngent is hnving quite a time
getting men to fill thc jobs.
Feb. I, namely, the rule now paid them,
plus 10 per cent, if that increase is to
go into force.
Laborers nro to bc paid $3.85 per day
of eight hours, forty-eight hours a
week, except in dune, July and August.
No complaint can be mndo ngninst orgunized labor on the score of efficiency.
There should be an agreement as to
the supply of material for thc duration
of the war.
Open or Union Shops.
The open or union shop question to
bo left to negotiation.
Freedom be given to employers to
tnke men from the runks of lubor and
train them.
The proposed wnge adjustment board
should deal with tho creation of new
grades of labor.
Justice Murphy wus chairman of tho
commission; Commissioner Gordon J.
Kelly and Commissioner J. T. Tonkin,
will file minority reports on certain
points,
in its struggle against tho tyranny nnd
brutality of Hun autocracy, thc iron
must burn into their vory souls upon
their return when thoy find themselves
unable to exercise the right to live in
the Innd for which they huve fought,
becnuse tho employments are largely
hold by a cheaper and more docile labor
from the very countries ngainst whom
they have been fighting.
One Way Out of It
We huve no way of actually knowing
whether the aliens employed at Britannia and other places are really enemies
or not, but as fnr as those who are Austrian or Gorman born nre concerned, it
will probably bo necessary to consider
them as enemies, at least during the
war. Thnt is a fashion thut having
boen established by our pntriotic rulers
wc can not well chango in the face of
war madness, for in such times reason
by no means prevails in thc councils of
(Continued on page 8)
Government Will Have to
Shoulder   Responsibility
for Present Conditions
THE FEDERAL order-in-council,
prohibiting the promiscuous entry of laborers into British Columbia, which has obtained for some
three years past, has again been
renewed.   This information was received a few days ago from Mr. H.
H. Stevens, member for Vancouver
Centre, by Business Agent Mldgley
of the Trades and Labor council.
It must be acknowledged, too, that
Mr. Stevens bas consistently supported this measure from time to
time sinco its passage in the flrst
place.
Despite the provisions of the order-in-council, however, the number
of "alien enemy" laborers and
Chinese is ever on the increase.
And they are certainly not being
imported by the lahor unions. Nor
are they any part of the organized
labor movement. On Uie contrary,
this class of lahor can be found
most plentiful in the "closed"
company towns, in the employ of
paytriotic corporations who refuse
to deal. with citizen members of
trade unions,
TO
B
EAT
Sergt T. A. Barnard Is to
Speak Under Auspices
ofF.LP.
General Public Admires Attitude of Labor's Only
Representative
Organ Recital to Commence
at 7.30 as Part of
Programme
Sergt. T. A. Barnard, member of the
Now Westminster branch of the F.L.P.,
will be the principal speaker nt the
Rex theatre Sunday ovoning. Sergt.
Barnard ia a great war veteran and
will give the audience some thrillers in
connection with the war. Ho is an
able speaker and is now willing to "do
his bit" for industrial domocrucy.
The Federated Labor party has arranged for an organ recital, which will
commence at 7.30, The Hex hus thc
best organ in tho city und many will
be delighted to listen to the beautiful
selections while the audience is being
seated.
Last Sundny the Rex wub filled aud
talks made by both Chas. Lestor and
W. R. Trotter were well received. Chas.
Lestor spoko on "Tho Destinity of"
Huinanity," and showed that a groat
preparedness movement, expnessed in
organization und class, conscious education, wns going on silently among
the workers of the world, whose aim
was to guin politicul und industrial
control of the nations. Even the Zulus
of South Africa wero organizing for
overthrow of the capitalist system. The
powers thnt bc in South Africa were
throwing these men into jnil for distributing leaflets culling upon tho
Bantu race to organize,
Russia Reorganizing.
The BolBbevikit) of Russia, said Chas.
Lestor, were still being lied about, but
it happily had no effect upon the Rus-
siaa people. Thc work of emancipation
und reorgauizution was going on apace
and nil the capitalist sheets in the
world and all the diplomats and politicnl pirntes would not affect tho growing popularity of tho Bolsheviki nor
tho noble work they aro carrying on,
Oliver and Bowser Act Like
the Famous Cats of
Kilkenny
VICTORIA, April 25.—Now that the
1918 session of the legislature haa como
to a close, one may take time to casually survoy the positions adopted by the
various leaders.- The threo outstanding
figures wero Premier Olover, W. J. Bowser, leader of tho conservative opposition and James H. Hawthornthwaite,
tho sole representative of Labor and
member of the Federated Labor Party.
Sinco the session ended, many compliments for Hawthornthwaite are heard,
not especially by those who agreed with
his policies, nor with thoso of tho party
which ho represents, but with Mb political and legislative conduct. As betwoen the three, ho wbb an outstanding
figuro which maintained the dignity ox
tho responsible position to which ho
was elected as the representative of the
constituency of Newcastle, and as the
most, prominent man in the new political party—the Federated Labor Party.
Somo persons found a lot of amusement in the belligerent attitudes of the
lender of the government, and the leader of tho opposition toward each other.
Not a fow who took occasion to watch
tho performances went away disappointed if not altogether disguBted with the
display. Both Oliver and Bowser seem
to cling to the old theory that whon the
legislature is in session, it becomes the
duty of the opposition leader to fight
and striko wherever he ferny, and of the
leader of the governmont to immediately go on the defensive and also to make
a sally forth with occasional offensive
into opposition territory.
The peoplo aro sick of that sort of
business. Thoy are sick and tired of
hearing two men—nBsiflted by their respective crows—wrangle and snarl at
each other while tho business of the
country waits. These two, with their
followers,   fought   and   scratched   for
v   iiuuiu   num   uiuv   urn currying   un.     , ', ° «,, 7 —T
Tho  workers  of Englnnd,  Bnid the dn5*s.,on J?-**8*   Tno ™««lt was that
MBS. FLORENCE BASSET?
Late delegate from the Garment Workers
union to tho Vnncouvor Trados and Labor
Council, now travelling for .Ins. Thomson
& Son, manufacturers ot tho Twin Bute
overalls. Mrs. Bassott is thp only lady
traveller for this firm and Is making good,
Shu hon jnst returned from Vancouver Ik*
1;iml, wh?ro sho 1ms kiiccpskfully Introduced the Twin Bute brand of overalle
to tin* miners. Mrs. Bassott in going
oast ns far ns Oalgary, with the objeot
of pelting the wearora of overalls, both
mi'ii and women, acquainted with thOBO
union-mad? overalls.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, April 28—Typographical union; Telcgrnphers; Saw
Filers Association.
MONDAY, April 29—Boilermakers; Steam Engineers; Electrical Workers.
TUESDAY, April .10—
WEDNESDAY, May 1—Federated Labor Party; Press Feeders;
Tile Layers; Plasterers; Metal
Trades Council; Cooks, Waiters & Waitresses (2:."lfl p.m.);
Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, Muy 2—Trndes and
Labor Council} Garment Workors,
FRIDAY, May 3—Railway Carmen; Pile Drivers & Wooden
Bridgemen; Civic Employees;
Molders; Letter Carriers;
Warehousemen; Min, Wage
League.
SATURDAY, Mny 4—Machinists,
No. 777; Bakers; Blacksmiths.
Molders
Four new members were initiated by
the molders at last meeting. Organizer
Bums wns present nnd helped the local
with several matters of importance. A
move is being made by the locals on
the Pacific coast to get a Saturday half-
holiday. The local members are of the
opinion that it will be granted.
HIT01I
Will Not Return to Work
Saturday Unless Wage
Is Granted
The executive committee of the Civic
Employees union has given its ultima-
tum to Acting Mayor Owen, demanding a 25-cent ineren.se in wages from
April 1. The city authorities have been
given until this evening to grant the
increase and if not forthcoming tho
men will not be at work Saturday
morning.
Acting Mayor Owen asked the executive to extend tho notice to 0 p.m.
Monday and the committee has taken
it under consideration but fool that
they will not be able to get the men
to go to work Saturday unless the increase is forthcoming. The employees
arc unanimously of thc opinion that
the delay has been too bug already
and are now determined to force the
issue.
A special mooting of thc union will
be held Snturdny afternoon nt four
ti'clock.
speaker, were convinced that the hour
of democracy had arrived1 and wero doing all in their power to bring into being the last great revolution. The hour
of thc working class was about to
strike, and when it struck all should
be ready to cope with the new conditions.
'W. R. Trotter, secretary of the
F. L. P., said that their platform con-
tunied 2G words, which expressed in
that limited lumber of letters just
what the F. L. P. stood for. He read
the platform, wliich was os follows:
"The Federated Labor party is or-
ga n izod for t he pu rpose of sec u ri ng
industrial legislation, and the collective ownership and democratic operation of the menus of wealth production,"
Says Numbers Are Growing.
The speaker said that  fhe organization had already reached the thousand
mark in this city, and wan taking like
wildfire all over Vancouver and outside.
The party was one that was going to
educate   its   membership,    Heretofore
lubor  had  been  kept  ou)   of fhe halls
of legislation  and  had  no    hand    in
passing  upon  secret   treaties,    It   was
understood   that   the  ignorance  of  the
masses would have to lie overcome, but
labor  had   learned   by this  time  thnt
nothing eould be gained by an unorganized   rabble   and   would   work   on
lines of reorganization only.
The   workers  would   drop   Conservative  and    Liberal   parties,   in   whose
ranks they hud in the past wasted their
j strength, and henceforth instead of
I scattering their forces would unite into
one party, whose watchword would be
[.solidarity,    lie was glad to see the old
Consorvatives and Liberals joining into
unionism, while the workers were organizing under the standard of labor,
whose organized army was crbwhiir by I w'1"' ,'I(' 88nortt' I'11'1
leaps and hounds daily
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Secretary Mackenzie of the Hotel
and Restaurant Employees, reports that
tho union is mnking steady progress,
and lias decided to call a mass meeting
in the near future to discuss important
matters dealing wifh present; conditions.
It will also tako up the matter of thc
restaurants which have so fnr refused to
sign an agreement with the union, and
probably take definite action, The sick
fund cominltteo has decided to hold a
dance in the auditorium on Wednesday,
May 22, proceeds to go to tho above
fund. Reports from dilTerent restaur-
ants indicate a slight doorcase in b.tsi-
noss during the Inst few days, but is
now up to normal.
May Day Edition Next Week.
The Fcderationlsl Mny Day edition
will bc issued next week, May 3, instead of today as had been intended.
The chango will make possible reports
of Mny Duy activities Ihe world over.
. Marine Stewards
An organization meeting nf marine
stewards wns held in tho Labor Tomplo
last week, Quito a numbor attended,
and an organization is assured. W. B.
Fiold was elected permanent secretary,
nnd thoro will be nnother meeting held
Monday evening to further the organizntion.
considerable amount of legislation,
which should have received due consideration, thought und discussion, was
rushed through in the dying hours.
Thoro was nothing W. J. Bowser had
ever said beforo about the Liberals,
that he did not repeat, and he added to
it much he had ascertained Bince. Likewise, "Honest John" Oliver went into
the past for ammunition and shot it
across at the opposition. So it went,
from beginning to end of the daily sessions, both leaders no doubt believing
whut they snid about the othor would
be liko seed in the political soil and
grow to be reaped by the sower. Perhaps that is truo, but*if they reap what
thoy actually .sowed, the harvest will bo
a deplorable surprise to them. Tho
public temper is in no mood nt this
I time, nor litis it been for a long time,
to put up wilh such waste of time und
I public money while party leaders quarrel on time which shojld be devoted to
tho business of the country.
How different was Hawthornthwaite's
attitude. The Lnbor man stood out
apart from not only the two leaders, but
the rest of flic house, us a sincere man
who appreciated the dignity of the position he held. He wns there to work in
thc interests of the country.
There is no airy persiflage with Huw-
thornthwoito. The bandying of jokes
and cheap criticism during thc legislative deliberations are not done by him.
What he has to say he says with forco
and reasonable brevity. His remarks on
the reply to the King's speech ought
to be historical in the legislative initials
of this province.
After bath the lender of the government and leader of the opposition hnd
devoted hours to snying things about
each other, the Labor member simply
agreed with what each had said about
the other. And that was just about
jllo would Bay.
However, though the Labor member
worked hard, being alone in the house
his offorts wore Ineffective j.ist at the
moment, but the prediction is general
that before nnother genernl election is
over, the Federated Labor Parly will
send to the legislature members who
will line up with Hawthornthwaite in
support of legislation for the working
class.
Mill and Factory Workers
Negotiations for the new wage scale
for Mill and Factory Workers is not
progressing us well as might, hu! quite
a number pf -firms have signed up, reports Secretary Thomas of the union,
The union has demanded Ihut the employer settle  within one week
will   bo  called
union to nsk  for a
in thc mills.
This  i
t'duciio
flral
ERSOF
N.S. CALL SHE
Affects Five Thousand Men
Over Recognition
of Union
NEW GLASGOW, N. N., advices say
that a general si like has been declared
at the plant of the Nova Scotia Stool
und Goal compnny. About 5001) men
will be ulTected.
Ffir some dnys u dispute over the
recognition of the union hns been going on between the Novo Scotia Coal
uud Steel company und its workmen.
The plants affected arc the Scotia
Sfeel, tho Eastern Cnr, the Albion Mn-
chlno company, the Shell Shop of J.
W. Cumming & Son, and possibly all
Ihe collieries in fhe county.
LUMBER WORKERS FORM
UNION IN VANCOUVER
MeoSng Captured by I. W. W. But.
Very Tow Join as Result—Federal
Labor Union to Organize.
A meeting of lumber workers wns
hold In thfl Lnbor Temple lnsl Sundny
for the purpose of forming an independent lumber workers' union. The promoters of the scheme failed, however,
to get in touch and get the help of
the orgnnized lnbor movement of the
city, with fhe result (hat the meeting
fell into the control of a few I.W.W.'s.
About 150 nttended the meting nnd
several addresses were made and brisk
competition took pluce between tho Industrinl Workers of the World and Ihe
Workers International Industrial 'anion
for the control of fhe organization
meeting. Finally, however, tho acting
secretnry alleged thnt 20 men had already tdgiied an application for a charter in the 1. W. W. und that ii hnd
been sent for. This apparently sutis-
i.ed (hose present nnd 19 joined the
orgnnization out of fhe 15(1 thnt attended the nieeting, Who tho 20 are
thnt signed the application for a charter is not known, Those who favored
tho independent orgnnizntion nnd were
favoruble lo the Americnn Federation
of Lnbor claim lhat tho whole thing
was pro-arranged.
It is likely thai lumber workers in
tne province will be orgnnized in tho
Federnl Lumber union, which takes in
nil laborers. Lumber workers in tho
city ure advised to get in touch with
Secretary Midgley, Room 210 Labor
Templo. PAGE TWO
THE   BKlTiSH   UULUMB1A  i-'EDEKATlUJNlST"
FBIDAT...
..April 26, 1918
SLATER'S
QUALITY :: FREE DELIVERY
Bat an extra potato a day; it will save
a slice of broad for overseas.
—Canada Food Board
Rogers' Syrup, 5-lb. tins .
Not-a-Seed Raisins	
Seeded Raisins, 16-oz	
Bleached Sultanas	
Finest Pink Salmon	
disco, large tin.
Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sacks for.
 45c
.2 for 25c
...2 for 25c
bs. for 35c
2 for 25c
 50c
 45c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Apex Jam, in 4-lb. tins; reg. 60c for 45c
Robertson's Old Country Black Currant Jam,
4-lb. tins; reg. 90c for 75c
Slater's Red Label Tea; reg. 30c for 25c
Oat Barley - 4 lbs. for 25c
Alberta Cooking Eggs, all guaranteed, doz 40c
Finest Spuds from Dewdney, B. C; nothing
finer. Reg. $1.65 for $1.40
SLATER'S
131 Hastings Street East   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street.   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
Saturday Is Dollar Day
At Arnold & Quigley's
Your dollars will do sensational work here Saturday
—hundreds of Bargains.   Here are two:
$3.00 and $3.50 Penman's Knitted Wool Sweater (t» t   f\f\
Coats and Pullover Sweaters *4^ 1 • vv
Fifty dozen W. G. & It. and Tookc Zephyr, Cambric and Chambray Shirts, smart stripes, checks, etc. lteg. dj 1 f\(\
values to $3.00, for .%pii\J\J
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"THE STORE THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY"
546 ORANVILLE STREET
Make Better Paints      	
Grown Brand Jlcmdy-mixud Pure Paints,
paints for interior or exterior uso, ordinary colors,   I calltui 13.25
Star colors,   1 gallon $3.76
Insido gloss and flat whito, 1 Dillon $3.26
French Crown Groen and Outside white,
1 gallon  , $4.00
W. M. Brand, Ready-mixed Paints, guaranteed to wear three to five years, in
all colors (no whites). I gallon....$2.60
Crown Porch Paints, elastic like rubbor,
wear like iron, 1. gallon, $3.50; half-
gallon   $1.85
Varnish   Stains,   1  gallon,   $2.50;   quart,
70c; pint      40c
Rex   Kalsomine   in   nil   tints  and   white,
por pound         8c
All kinds of Varnishes, Boat Paints,
24 Cordova Street East
      Make Better Prices
Best quality Insido Floor Paints, dry over
night, leaving hard, glossy surface (in
U. S. measure), 1 gnllon, $2.00; half-
gallon, $1.10; qunrt      65c
Mineral Paints, in red, brown and green,
in 4-gallon tins, per gallon $1.60
One gallon tins  $1-65
Window Box Groan, quarts     70c
Pints       40c
Uld English Bungalow Shingle stains,
made from puro colors, linseed oil and
Scotch creosote, In browns nnd reds, in
4-gallon tins, ]>er gallon     96c
One gallon  tins $1.10
Greens, in 4-gnllon tins, per gallon..$1.25
Ono gallon tins  $1.40
Brushes, etc., at bottom prices.
Phone Seymour 940
Mr. Union Man!
You Owe It to Yourself to Economize.
Would you consider it economical to purchase Teas
and Coffees in tins when you may have the same
value from our store at a much reduced price?
THINK IT OVER
We Seu ln Bulk Only
Dickson's Teas and Coffees Are of Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St.  Phone Sey. 613
I
The Desire for Real Liberty
Must Supersede Desire
for Dollars
PAINTS!
CROWN PAINT COMPANY
Carrying the
NABOB Smile
DISCOVERED by Daddy when
lie unexpectedly found something invigorating and wonilorully
tasty in his morning cup o' cheer.
Something tbat put everybody In good
humor.
Nabob Coffee     *
GOES further, too, bocauBG of
being packed in vucuum
cans that preserve the volalilo oils
from evaporation, and retains the aro-
inn.    Mother boosts for it now.
Kelly, Douglas &. Co., Ltd.        Vancouver, B.C.
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
Capital..
..$15,000,000
Best (113,500,000
TEN BBANOHES IN VANCOUVEB DISTRICT
SAVINGS BANK BUSINESS
A savings account will assiBt you in the putriotic and personal duty of
conserving your finances. This Bank allows interest at current rates, and
wolcomea small as woll aB largo accounts.
World Unity Is Ideal with
Possibilities of Real
Happiness
[By  Seymour  Chotzinoff]
"A njind not to bo changed by timo or place,
The mind in its own place, and In itsolf
Can make a heaven <f lull, and a  hell  of
heaven."—Milton.
At the present time thero is little
doubt in our minds as to the real elements whieh contributed to the successful overthrow of czarism in Russia. Although the affairs in Russia are
still complicated, we cun, ut least, conjecture the "whys and wherefores" of
that happening.
Our foreign-born parents, some of
them here ovor more than u period of
20 years, toll us of the agitation, even
while thoy were still in RusBia, for the
deposition of the czar and of his despotic dynasty. Tho lutest urrivals tell
•as more prominent agitation. The agitation, carried on flrst in secret, thon
openly, and harahly suppressed, and at
lust victoriousj wub but tho result of
one main element, and that an ideal.
Toward a successful conclusion of this
ideal lives wero sacrificed, hioney freely givon by those who could barely
afford it, time and energy devoted and
torture suffered. But still these abused
Russians, theae extremists, held their
ideals in grave silence and onduranco.
Evon the torture of life in Siberia, even
their abuse by prison officials, and even
tho extreme imposition of being hunted
liko criminals and chased from place to
place—even all of these inflictions were
not enough to shake tho firm conviction in their minds of these conceptions
that their ideal m'aat be realized.
As an example, allow mo to name
Leon Trotzky, an admirable model of
idealism. Exiled twice to Siberia, chased and hounded from Germany at the
outbreak of thc war, but always fighting for his ideals, he now occupies the
prime position in a state which almost
reaches to his idealistic standards.
He is but one of the thousands and
thousands in Russia who fought every
minute of their lives for a better application of liberty and justice upon all
the peoples of all countries. That was
their ideal, that is their ideal, and will
remain so until it is fully complied
with. All events trending toward universal peace will show their programme
first slightly complied with, then gathering impulse nnd descending upon this
world as a savior of all that is holy in
a democratic and truly free world.
The ideal of thc Russians, the ideal
of Trotzky and Lenine and many othor
Russians, of socialists throughout the
World, is internationalism, and their
flght ever and forever is but for a successful realization of that, their ideal.
As they gain in impetus and fltep by
step attain a littlo success, their real
motives aro brought to light and are
accluimod as beneficial by the universal
world.
First abused as anarchists, thon aa^socialists, these international idealists
stood firmly at their post and now arc
enjoying the good will of a freo Russia
and of nn almost certain collapse of
autocracy, not only in Germany, but in
all of the autocratic powers of the
world. They succeeded on their belief
in an ideal, and their future success lies
in a strict observance of that same
ideul.
But sido by sido with these wonderful und inspiring ideals of the Russians
nnd socialists let us place another ideal.
There is but one important ideal, recognized as the leader of all others by most
people of tho United States, and when
we boil it down to its essence, it appears in the shapo of the dollar sign.
There is no doubt in my mind that tho
desire for money dominates tho minds
of thc majority of people here.
It is true that immigrants find relief
n this country from the junkerisms oh
tho other sido of the ocean} but hiany
como to the United States because of
their belief in making ensy monoy here.
Such is their belief iu Americnn ideals.
If you happen to be lucky, shrewd,
etc., you win; if not, you fail miserably.
Either you nvust grind others and make
yourself a money power through it, or
you must bo ground yourself.
Do we not see the fallacy in this? Is
this a suitable ideal for 100,000,000 people? Shall a crooked little street with
a rivor at one end and a graveyard at
the other grind out the destinies of this
multitudinous nation? Shall our progeny, living perhaps under more perfect conditions, say of us that wo have
done thoso things which we ought not
to have done and left undone those
things whicli would have sot. the world
rolling at a speedier rate toward a moro
perfect condition of the world?
Lot 4us see how good it is and how
pleasant for people to dwell together in
unity, in internationalism, and wo will
thon believe that nations nre but a drop
in the bucket of aiding huppiness. I
dare not hint that we can foist a firm
belief in Internationalism upon overy
human being, but we can, at least, modify our own ideals in money power and
serve up a new standard of love of one
anothor, whether he is a Russinn, n
Briton or a Jap. Lot us begin with ourselves and Bpread the doctrine of a
world union upon nil, slowly nnd surely.
Lot us closo our eyes for a moment and
imagine the possibilities of sixth an
ideul—internationalism, universal bro
therhood, no economic quarrels, no com
nicrcinl wurs, no boundary disputes, no
divine rights of kings, no subjection of
liberlies, equality, justice nnd supreme
happiness. These are all possible.
Let us believe in tins idenl, und let us
live for it. Lot it uot bn snid of us
that wc have lived our lives solflshly
but, instead, let it be snid that we contributed our share and our small particle
of energy in the light for humanity.
BIO GAIN MADE BY
CANADIAN LABOR UNIONS
Membership Increased 44,233 LaBt Year
Oyer 1016-26,000 Join
Oversea Forces
The total members In Canadian labor
unions at tho closo of 1017 was 204,3(10,
according to statistics collected by the
federal labor department for its seventh
annual report on labor organizations.
The number of organized workers increased by 44,233, and the local branch
unions by 132, the latter totalling 1974
at the close of laBt year. The voluntary
enlistment of trade unionists in the
military forces continued, there having
been an increase of nearly 5000 over
the number reported in 1916.
This brings the grand total of trade
unionists who have volunteered and
been accepted for overseas service since
the outbreak of the war to 26,416.
VICTORIA LIBERALS
ARE OREAT SPENDERS
Plenty of Money Spent But Very Littie
Benefits Shown As a Result
of Outlay
It costB $32 per head of tho population each year for the gang in Victoria
to administer the affairs of this province. The population has beon decreased by men leaving for overseas and by
farmers who wore unable to make a living out of tho soil, und yet thc expenditures have increased. Not a dollar of
thc money spent goes to wur expenditures, yet it costs this provinco more
than twice thc amount por hend thun it
costs Grent Britain at a time when she
was spending $250,000,000 per year on
tho navy und nearly us much on tho
army. In Quebec tho provincial administration costs under $5 per head of tho
population.
E TK
DEAF EARS ON
Efforts of Labor Representative Bucked at Every
turn Possible
RETAIL CLERKS'
Does It Mean Anything to
the Merchants of
Vancouver?
[By W. H. Hoop]
In Canada the Clerks' storo card is
not very much in evidence, as yet,
I had occasion to visit Seattle a fow
days ago, and I was pleased to note
the storo card displayed in fully two-
thirds of tho stores there, somo of the
stores boing very largo and employing
a large number of clerks. The merchant class have a distinct cleavage iu
their ranks. Whilo superficially thoy
appear to be solid, while they aro ail
members of Chambers of Commerce,
Board of Trade, etc., yet thc line of
cleavage starts just where the merchant class becomes swallowed up in
tho departmental store. Thero is still
the clement of personal touch between
the clerk and his employer, a condition
entirely eliminated in the department
stores.
In St. Louis, I um told, tho Shoe
Clerks have been wearing a gaudy uniform, with a floor-walker ever on their
back yelling out numbers liko a captain. Conditions got so bad that tho
whole city struck, some 5,000 clerks,
and othor trades as well, and the Clerks
union have won out and now have the
right to wear tho union button.
In Seattle thero are 17,000 members
in tho Boilermakers and Shipbuilders
union. Thc question arises: "Does the
union store card play any part in business?" The sign of the store card in
a shop window means that every om
ployce is a member of the Clerks In
ternational union, and tho shipbuilders
are instructed to note this fact, and
assuming that each member spends $100
per yoar for clothing alono, for his family, the amount spent by the shipbuilders in union stores roaches near two
million dollars.
Organized lubor knows full woll tho
reason tho big department store fights
organizations. With their systems,
they employ a large amount of cheap
labor, and a union moans a stand for
a living wago, for the underpaid female
employees particularly. A thouBand-
dollar investment in a department store
will generally produce a highor rato of
profit and lower rate of wages.
Organized lubor in Seattle directs the
purchasing power of many thousands,
and the sum involved reaches many
millions. It was a pleasure to seo tho
nifty ond artistic display of gent's
furnishings in the store windows. The
clerk seems to sense tho connection bo-
twocn himself and, his boss through the
union. Tho union dehiands the best
Moloney in its members nnd generally
a high degrco of satisfaction is given
to tho employer.
Vancouver follows the lead of Winnipeg, Calgary and Edmonton. Tho central labor body will campaign for the
union store card. If the department
stores and sundry institutions refuse
to recognize the right of orgnnization,
then the clerks nro fully justified in
asking the purchasing public to patronize the union store card, always to be
scon aB one enters tho store.
Seattle docs not want any .atore legislation.     Tho   business   ogfint   says:
Our union has grown to ita present
atrength by hard work. We campaigned amongst ourselves for membership,
and today wo havo better hours than
you in Canada, and better wages, and
we don't need to rely on politicians,
good, bad or indifferent. Our organization is strong because we fought for
what wo have got, and are now strong
onough to hold it. The Btruggle wc
have had made us an inseparable part
of tho orgnnized labor movement,
whereas the chasing of legislation results in four-fifths of the clerks getting what tho other fifth worked and
paid for, and the result would bc the
union would never bo strong enough
to stand on its own feet. Our men
know the valuo of organization. We
charge $10 initiation foe for men and
they know their dollars ure uaed to
protect their association."
WORKERS MUST END
WAR, SAYS GERMAN
Reichstag Socialist Says If Statesmen
Don't Know How to End War
Then Poople Must
A Berlin dispatch says: "If the
kings and statesmen don't know how to
end this war," declared the independent socialist Oscar Cohn, in the courso
of a debute in the reichstng, "ending
it in the sense of reconciling nil tho
peoples, then the people must finish the
business themselves. I shall bless tho
dny when this is done, the duy whon
lho peoplo will take their fate into
their own hands against the kings and
the statesmen und the militarists, and
abovo all, against the militarists of Germany. ''
Tho Labor Council nt Sydnoy, N. S< Ws,
has adopted n resolution to send n cable
massage to Promier Lloyd. George request'
Ing tbo British Government lo reconsider its
decision   to   apply   conscription   to   Irelnnd,
s&ys no Exchange Telegraph despatch from
the Australian city. Tho ground for tho
objection In that the conscription measure
Ih considered unjust and that It would cause
grave complications.
Session Comes to Close with
Having Done Little
for Labor
VICTORIA, April 22.—Just whore
the British Columbia government standa
us regards Labor, is indicated by a perusal of the proceedings of the legislature, just brought to a close aftor a
waste of public timo and money ia useless debate for political advantage, each
side being just nbout as guilty as tho
other. It will be recalled that tho B. C.
Federation of Lubor, at the last convontion, after careful deliberation, outlined certain suggestions which it desired
the government to udopt, and enact
into laws for tho benefit of thc working
claas. Thero wero a largo list of such
matters, as would Ilave relieved present
conditions in many ways, and mado tho
province a bettor one for tho working
slave to get along in.
Not a solitary ono of tho recdmmon-
dations wore accepted by tho government, even though J. H. Hawthornthwalte, Labor's boIo representative on
the floor of the houso, mado his representations on sovcrnl occasions and advanced a number of bills designed to
carry out tho wishes of the Labor convention. The legislature would havo
nono of oithor Hawthornthwaite nor of
Labor recommendations.
Considerably moro than a hundred
laws woro onactod, the government being forced as regards metalliferous
mines to enact an eight-hour bank-to-
bank law similar to tho coul mines regulation in that respect. That was the
most outstanding enactment of benefit
to the working class. Legislation providing tho widow-makor drill — rather
providing it with precautions againBt
its ravages—was enacted, but will not
bo enforced immediately.
The appeals of the Labor member,
Bro, Hawthornthwaite, for a general 8-
hour day in all works, fell upon deaf
ears, stuffed with corporation cotton.
It may be noted in this connection that
overy appoal mado in tho interests of
corporations were granted with alacrity
OTTAWA POLICE LET OUT
FOR UNION ACTIVITIES
Board of  Commissioners  Ratifies the
Recommendation of Chief
of Police
At a special moeting of the Ottawa
board of police commissioners, held to
deal with the troublo in the polico department over the formation of a union
among tho men of the force, the diBuia-
sal of 23 or more constablos, recommended by Chief Ross, was ratified by tho
commissioners. This makes a total of
25 membors of the forco who hove been
summarily dismissed for union activity.
I UBOR PARTY
Women Have Played a Vital
Part in International
Movement
Up until 1918, co-operators have not
stood together politically in English
elections. But now for many and interesting reasons they have thrown their
greut political power into the Labor
Party. With the added strength of tho
socinlists, at the next election tho Lnbor
Pnrty will control tho majority iu parliament. Tho policy of Englnnd must
sooner or later bc mnde to conform to
thc majority's commands, and the
Labor Party, thanks to the threo and a
half millions of Co-operators, now
speaks for the majority.
In this co-operativo movemont women
have always played a vital part. For
ovor half a century, while womon have
been denied the franchise by tho govornment, they havo had the voto in tho
co-operative councils. In fact the thoroughness of their knowledge of affairs
A "Nervous"
or a "Stomach"
Headache
(J Thc pain at tho back of the
head, that mo often goes with in-
dlgetition and l>i Houn ness, Is generally accompanied by nervousness. It often confuses tho suf-
f tit who docs not know whether
it is a "stomach" or a "nervous"
headache.
*] When   this   headache   arises
from defective eyes (as it often
does), it Ih both a nervous and
stomach headache. It is a crying
eut on tho pnrt of the nerve centres in the stomach ond tha brain,
for more vitnl energy to conduct
their affairs. For defective *-yes
impoverish these centres of their
nerve-force hi making th'ir extraordinary demands for tho vital
purpose of seeing.
4 It is woll to suspect the eyes
in cases of continued headaches of
any kind. Ftr this headache is
but the warning of moro serious
damago being dono.
_ My eyesight service—the most
efficient on tills continont—Is here
for yoU, Yon should know the
exact condition of your eyes. Permit me to tell yon—accurately nnd
definitely—what, tlmt condition is.
My charge for glasses is modorato,
Seymour 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Oranvllle Optical Co.
m**
549 ORANVILLE STREET
Below Drysdale'a
and the wisdom and energy and ability
of the Woman's Guild has exercised an
influence in the policy of the co-opera*
tive movement quite out of proportion
to its members.
We may quite juatifiedly believe that
the friendly relatione and uninterrupted
loyalty of co-operators to each other all
over the world—may in no small share
be due to the strong influence of the
women in the co-operative movement.
The International Co-operative Alliance represents 10,000 affiliated Co-operative societies from all of the belligerent countries. Its magazine has not
ceased publication because of the war.
Its members meeting each other in opposing armies have laid down their
arma.
So Internationalism ia not dead. The
women, and the co-operative movemont
hold true to this greatest of creeds.—
New York Call.
Canadian Brotherhood Railway Employeea N
A meoting of the local was hold on
Monday in our lodge room, Sixth and
Main stroet, with a fairly representative attendance. A grent deal of discussion tbok placo as it was oxpected to
be the last meeting at which our organizer, Bro. Robson, would bo with us.
A voto oft satisfaction was passed for
the splendid work accomplished by him
during his stuy, particularly with rogurd
to tho organizntion of 98 por cont. of
the C. P. R. dining cnr staff, which waa
accomplished under vory trying conditions, lie has also boen doing good
work in othor branches, and expects to
increase our strength considerably during tho remaining dayB and so mnko his
visit a complete success. Tho local
wishes him every luck during his organizing campaign. Wc aro composed
of all grades of railway workors, including express companios. We have 75
per cent, of the local Dominion Express
staff under our banner, and othor express companies are also well represented. Our secretary is Chas. Bird,
2030 Union Btreet. Business meetings
evory second Sunday at 2:30 and overy
4th Monday at 8 p.m. If you are a
railway worker and unorganized, join
us, and help ua to help each other.
News received from Germany states that
strikers and such persons as had caused
offence politically are put into tho army as
a punishment. In Reustringen twenty men
who joined the Socialist party on January
30 wero drafted Into the army on February 14.
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
"You Benefit"
118 HASTINGS W.
Sey. 784 and 1286  '
Practiso   economy—thero   is   n<
virtue in only talking of it.
—Canada Food Board.
Pot Barley—Extra special, 4 lbs.
for  26c
Quaker Outs—Tubes  28c
Grapo Nuts—Por pkg,  13c
Sultanas   2 pkgs. 26c
Butter—Choico Eastorn  66c
Cheose—Ontario, per lb 30c
Prunes—Por lb 10c
Coffoo—Fresh ground, per lb. 26c
"Canada First" Pork and Beans,
per tirf  10c
Tomatoes—3 's  2 for 35c
Peas—Per tin  14c
Olivo Oil—Per bottle  15c
Sardines—Por tin  7c
Pears—2 's—Per tin  25c
Rogers' Golden Syrup—Tin....44c
Cream—Per tin  lie
Empress Jams 26c and 28c
Also a full line of Fresh Meats
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater.Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlngi IttMt W«M
OLELAND-DIBBLE    ENOBAT*
INO OOMPANT
Umtttt
rlOTO BHOSAT1U — COMMERCIAL
ABTXIYS
PIMM S.iaear TUt
TUld  Floor,  World  Building
viurcoimi, b. o.
—Tho only Union Shop In Ytneoww—
ILKOTRIO FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
The Jirrii Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Blchirdi Itnet
Royal Stove Repair Works
Bepairs for ill Stoves, Furnaces,
Colls, Connections, otc.
Now    and   second-hand    stoves    bought,
sold  nnd  exchanged.
Phjne Sey. 6060 1114 Granville
To Federationist
Subscribers:
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgement of subscriptions or renewals aro made.
Tho address label on your
paper carries tbe date to whioh
your subscription is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offloe, tho correct change In
your label date Is not made,
notify as at once. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send It ta this offloa—mot It
the other falltw, Thn yen
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
B. FABH. PETTIPIECE,
Manager.
Lnbor Temple,
Vancourer, B. O.
2500 Yards of No. 1 Silk
Poplin for Tomorrow
at   a   Special   Price
Worm Everywhere
$1.75, for	
$1.45
Wo take an especial pride in
this line because we are able to
still show the old durable quality at the old price. Thia grade
of silk poplin is hardly to be
found in the city now. Where
it Ib the price is $1,75 a yard.
This is No. 1 quality heavy grade
silk poplin. It has weight enough
to bo used for suits, coats and
separate skirts, and is very
cloBcly ,woven. Black, White,
Copenhagen, Belgian, Quaker,
Battleship, Taupe, Putty, .Russian, Navy, Marine, Wine, Plum,
Tan, Silver, Wistaria, Brown,
Rose, Pink, Sky, Maizo.
Sold ovcrywhero it can bo found
at all at $1.75. Vory rt» f Jg
Special  Y1 eT"*)
Saba Bros.
Limited
'Che Silk Specialists
652 ORANVILLE STREET
Empress Coffee
—has taken its place in innumerable homos today. Its superior
merits as a wholesome, high-
grade coffee aro known to all.
When you buy EMPRESS COFFEE you pay for no useless tin
containers, and instead of paying
50 cents per pound, you need only
pay 40 cents. As put up in tho
new sanitary package, thero's a
saving to you of 10 cents por lb.
Look for tho oval Empress label.
Its your guarantee of satisfaction.
w9*
PEE
POUND
copi n
TOOLS
This ia a reminder that
"FLETT'S" is Vancouver's promier store for
Tools of All Kinds
It is so important a branch of our
businoss, it has beon found to bo
expedient to keep constantly engaged a
Tool Specialist
Ho knows TOOLS from the
ground up—knows ull thc different manufacturers who specialize
in different linos, nnd havo ox-
colled in their particular pro*
ducts.
If you   need   advice—talk   to
him.
When you think of TOOLS, think
of "FLETT'S"—then como and
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
Union Shop
TOOLS,  PAINTS, HABDWASE
330 Hsstings St. W. nor Houn
OITT OF VANCOUVER.
*"n HE UNDERSIGNED WILL RECEIVE
t tender, up till 12 o'clock noon, Tuesday, April goto, for the supply of Crushed
Rock for the term of one yetr from date of
contract.
Specifications  and   tender  forms   can   be
obtained at the offlce of tho City Engineer.
JAMES STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every mania IT IK TOUB87
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
INFORMATION    INQUIRIES.
At tho large telephone exchanges In
tlio city an Information Desk is maintain! <1 to give inquirers the numbers of
peoplo whose namca aro not listed in
tho directory. A tally recently mado
la Vancouvor shows that ovory twenty-
four hoars, an average of 872 nnneoes-
■try calls are made, where people ask
lor telephone numbora already listed, and
which could bo found upon referring to
tho directory. This Is about 88 por
cnflt. of the Information calls each day,
and It takes about 14 hours to answer
that many.
Not only docs an unnecessary cal]
waste the company's time, but it wastes
the time of the penon calling. If your
directory ia not of tho latest Issue, lot
ue   know.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd. OmOIAL   PAPBS   VASOOUVEB
TUDES  JOB  LABOB   OOUBOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
oitojul nm limn am,
DKBIA  maiATKW  Or   LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 17
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 26,1918
New Teeth .... Good Health .... Long Life
SOMETHING everybody should bear in mind is that
the teeth are a necessary factor, and to function properly the
TEETH MUST BE IN OOOD CONDITION
DB. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in ipany instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr, Lowe's prices, value considered, are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 5444
Just Received by Express
We have just placed in stock a number of lines of
YOUNG MEN'S BETTER SUITS
in medium and dark shades, fancy lined, with welt, slash or
patch pockets.   Prices $18.00, $20.00, $25.00 to $30.00
"Not how cheap, but how good."
BOYS' DEPARTMENT is replete with all that is new in
Sports, Pinch and Belt Suits; Hats, Caps, Shirts and Shirtwaists.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey. 702
I to 315 HASTINGS ST. W.
Your Spring Hat?
There's a showing hero ot all the
worth-wh^e Hat-maKers of tho country.
In Inviting: you to select your new Spring
Hat here, we believe you'll agree oar
stock could not possibly cover a worthier
or more up-to-date range.
SOPT   PELTS   and   DERBIES   In   the
SEASON'S  POPULAR BLOCKS
f3   to   |6
THE LATEST CAPS $1 W -12.60
(Hats mailed anywhere In B. C. freo of
P»s tn in?—catalogue   freo.)
Richardson & Potts, Limited
EXCLUSIVE MEN'S HATTEES    Meu Oor. Hastings  417 OBANVILLE
PAINT UP!
Hunter-Henderson Pure Paints
Quality First
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
LIMITED
642 GRANVILLE STREET
SHOES FOR MEN
A man should buy his SHOES these
days at a store where none but Good
Shoes are sold—a store in which he has
confidence.
Our Mcii'b SIioob nre  selected  from thu beat
mnkers' beat efforts, and tho mnn wo shoe thia
spring will hnve no cause for regret, nnd he will meet with no
shoo disappointments.
We ask your consideration, sir
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 OBANVILLE STBEET
"Vaucouvor's Smartest Shoe Store"
IP IT IS a Suit that will keep its shape until worn
out you're looking for, there's nothing quite
equal to the famous "T. & D." Suits, for which we
are exclusive agents in the city. They are on sale
Saturday at $4.00 to $8.00 less than .their present
value.
Our Peters' "Brotherhood" Overall at $2.00 is half
a dollar less than its value.
You can save about $3.00 on every Boys' Suit you
buy from us.
We are offering on Saturday Men's Fine Shirts at
95c, which are regular $1.50 and $1.75. Also Men's
Suspenders at 25c, worth 50c.
Come in and prove these statements.
T. B. HILL
117 Hastings St. East
GET-TDGEIHER MEET
Music, Short Speeches and
Songs to Help Drive
Away Dull Care
Federated Labor Party to
Organize the Masses to
Bury Old System
[By'H. W. Watts]
The executivo committee of thc Vnncouver branch of thc Federated Labor
party has decided to hold the next
meoting on Wednesday, May 1. The
meeting will be in tho form of a musical, with short spcechoa, plenty of
music nnd a littlo vocal talent. Members and their friends aro earnestly
requested to bo present at this gathering and get acquainted. The meeting
will be in Room 401, Labor Tomple,
and members are asked to havo thc
ladies thero in goodly numbers. Mon
members are nBked to bring their
wives, or somebody's daughter, as
thero will be something specinl,for the
ladies.
Tho occasion will bo a sort o'f got-
togethor meeting nnd tho hall of the
Lnbor Temple is expected to be filled.
We assuro you that you will not be
bored by long speeches, as it is tho
opinion of tho executive that the party
can bc bettor builded up by socials than
by long and sometimes tiring speeches.
There is plenty of talent already assured, but if you wish to offer your
services for somo future occasion, or
possibly to fill an absentee number, you
cnn tarn your name nnd address into
the secretnry, W. R. Trotter, nnd he
will act accordingly.
South Vancouver Executive.
The South Vnncouvor executive will
meet in tho Municipal hall this (Friday) evening, to mako plans for future meetings of that branch. This
branch is growing steadily and propaganda meetings and socinls will be
ararnged for in tho vory near future.
Oreenwood to Line Up.
Tho new secretary of tho Greenwood
Miners union, C. W. Hartlaud, has
taken on the job of organizing a
branch of the F. L. P. in that locality.
It is the purpose of Comrade Hartland
to secure memberships before holding
a meeting of any kind, so if you reside
in that locality you are invited to get
in touch with C. W. Hartland.
OFFIOEBS OF IHE FEDERATED
LABOB PABIY
Preildent—Gordon J. Kelly.
Vaneoaver.
Secretary—W. R. Trotter, Ltbor
Temple, Vancouver.
Treasurer—Miss Helena Gutteridge, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver.
Vice-presidents — Vietoria, J.
Dakers; Vancouver Island, T.
Westwell, South Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kingsley, R, H. Neelanda; New Westminster, W.
Yates; Prlnee Rupert, Geo. B.
Casey; West Kootenay (north),
H. Kempster, Revelstoke; West
Kootenay (south), F. Peserlll, Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Roberts,
Coltern; Blmllkameon, W. Smith, '
Hedley.
THE FEDERATED LABOR
PARTY Is organised for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and for the collective ownership -and democratic operation of
the means of wealth production..
The membership foe Is fixed at
|1 per year, 50 cents of which
goes to the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expenses
of general organisation work,
The membership roll Is open in
each electoral district and all persons are invited to Blgn who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of the organization.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for further information.
(tk\ VucoBTttrt
Oitj.UM )
$1.50 PER YEAR
STATEMENT OF FACT
Do They Desire to Save the
Labor Temple or Lose
If By Default?
Ainsworth Heard From.
Coranado Emil Petorson of Ainsworth
is busy on the job and with the help of
a few others hopes to have n good live
i branch going in that burg in the very
[near future.
Powell Biver Organized.
W. B. Mnrquotto hns boon busy on
the workers of Powell River nnd is j
meting with good results, A businoss
and organization moeting will be held
early noxt month, but in tho meantime
mohibci'shjps can be signed up and a
big meeting made possible.
loco Meeting Sunday.
Tho loco branch of tho F. L. P. will
bo organized Sunday at a meeting of
thoso who hnvo already becomo members, and who nro expected to, on Sundny. It will be held in loco hall, Sunday, April 28, at 2.30 p.m. Mr. Geo.
Hardy, organizer, will address the
meeting and help iu tho election of
officers, which will bo held at this
meeting.
Lestor at Nanalmo Sunday.
Chns. Lestor will speak in tho Dominion hall, undor the auspices of tho
F. L. P., Sunday evening. Ho will also
speak nt the May Day celebration to
bo held in South Wellington on Wednesday.
TO I JUNK
Appeal for Working Class
Solidarity and Unity
of Action
Every reader of The Federationist
should make up his or hor mind to join
tho party at the onrliost opportunity.
Tho party is being orgnnized for your
benefit. It is being organized to legislate for the masses, to destroy the existing social order which divides humanity into hostile peoples, into strong
and wenk, into privileged and outlawed, into rich and poor. It will destroy
tho order of thingB which makes mil-
inions the slaves of the few, and those
few tho slaves of their own power, of
their own wealth. It must destroy the
order of things which severs enjoyment,
from labor, which tarns labor into a
burden and enjoyment into u vice,
which makes ono man miserable
through want und nnother lunn miserable through super-abundance. It must
destroy the foolish system of society
which sustains one part of humanity
in idleness und luxury and useless activity, which forces millions of our
sturdy youth to devote their time and
energy to pursuits of soldiery, officialism, speculation, usury nnd tbo maintenance of such like despicuble conditions, whilo tho other half, by excessive
exertion and sacrifice of all thc enjoyment of life, boars the burden of the
whole infamous and damnable structure. It will destroy overy trace nnd
even the memory*.of this delirious order
of society, pieced together out of force,
falsehood, (rouble, tears, vice, suffering, deceit, hypocrisy nnd crimo,
WOMAN ORGANIZER FOR
SEATTLE LABOR COUNCIL
Growth of Labor Unions Demands An
Assistant Business Agent for
Central Labor Council
To assist in thc rush of work whicli
tho enormous growth of the .Seattle
Labor movement hns placed on tho
shoulders of Business Agent C. W.
Doyle, the council Wednesday night
voted to instruct the president nnd business ngent to appoint an assistant for
Doyle to net for a period of a month
or six weeks, specializing in a cam-
pnign against the building of houses for
shipyard workers by unfair labor.
With other candidates withdrawn
from the race, Miss Blanche Johnson,
of thc tolephono operators, was declared elected unanimously as womnn organizer for the Centrnl Lnbor council.
A Call to Arms in the Class
Struggle of Slaves
Against Masters
[By Chnrlos Lestor]
May Day is here, labor dny; the duy
dedicated the world over to working
class fraternity. May Day is older
than Christinas. In ancient Greece and
Romo May Day was celebrated. The
birth of spring was hailed with rejoicing by the peoples of tho ancient civilizations, even the slaves being allowed
to participate in tho general revelry.
In the middlo ages the working mon
and womon wero much happier thnn
thoy nro at the present time. They
knew and felt the joy of life. They
had holidays galore and evory May
Day they went n-maying or danced
around the mnypolc. Tho slaves today
rarely ever laugh naturally. Thoy
don't know whnt life is, Capitalism
has enabled them to acquire the urt
of slowly dying.
The first thing the rising capitalist
class did was to cat off as mnny "holidays us possible und their religious
hirelings struightway condemned happiness as n sin and sanctified slnvery
and misery. Tho May poles wore destroyed, the workers crowded into factories, mines and othor hell-holes* to
sweat and suffer in ordor that profit
and more profit could be extructed
from their quivering bodies.
About 1889 the workers renewed Mny
Day und since that time it hns been
customary on the first of May for the
toilers to extend the hand of'goodwill
and friendship townrd ench other; in
short to recognize the common bond between thom, the bond of servitude.
Mny Day is hero again nnd the slaves
are being fed in countless thousands to
Moloch and to mammon. Tho quivering and ghastly corpses of tho working
men slain and maimed on tho field of
battlo seem to make a mad mockery of
brotherhood and a joke of working
class solidarity.
Yet in mute appeal they are stretching out their hands toward each othor
dimly conscious of tlieir joint misery,
of their common cluss interests. Tho
signs of the times ennnot bo mistaken.
Tho hour of deliverance is nt hand. The
capitalist system Is tottering. The war
is tlie last act of its final tragedy. By
bloodshed, rapine and slaughter did it
establish itself, and by the snme means
shall it be destroyed.
Comrades of nil countries, we cnll
upon you in this dny of universal sorrow to rise up nnd burst asunder the
bonds that bind you; to remember that
tho class that fattens on your misi'ries
has no other object in life thnn to perpetuate those miseries. They arc keeping you divided in order that they niny
rivet the chains of slavery more (irmly
on your limbs. They are keeping you
slaughtering each olher in order that
the systom of exploitation may continue Thoy can not livo unless thoy
make you die. The more you suffer, tho
more ab-indimtly do they enjoy life
The parasite is a form of life that
lives off another. The more the parasite consumes, the less there is for that
which it feeds upon. The parasite is
growing bigger ull the time. Ho sucks
up the blood shed in the wur and hi
profits increnso as your corpses accumulate. Why do you not see through thr
web of lies that is woven around you?
This is a time for action.
What have you to fear?
Capitalism hus condemned us to
death.
Tho only way for us to escape de
struction is to overthrow the enemy—
our enemy.
Against the politicnl advnnce of tho
working clnss, the capitalist is helpless.
Let us seize the reins nf government
mid conquer the powers of tho state.
|,ct  .is hurl from power tho kaiser's
and crooks of every land.
• Let us be free.
Lot us remember thoso Incarcerated
in jail because they ilarod to voice the
aspirations of our class. Wo must secure their liberty or share their fate.
The comrades of Russia have blazed
the trail; the sign posts are fixed; the
path is plnin.
Down with capitalism!   Long I
Social Revolution.
! tht
(J. S, Proddont Wilson signed thr ube>
(aeo bill rivrryinR nonaHlos of $10,000 «ml
thirty years' Impnionmont for doatruotton
of wnr muteriatB or Interference with war
Industrie*.
The Responsibility Must Be
Faced or a Defeat
Acknowledged
[By W. H. Hoop]
Cnn tho workers of British Columbia
snve Vancouver's Labor Temple.
I think they can and will.
How?   That is the question.
The   wnge-enrner   has   never   been
taught to think in terms of big finance.
His experience from the wage end has
tended  to koep him very narrow in
this respect.   Ho still believes there is
something mystical  or even  spiritual
about big finance, and it may be just
possible that it is the mystical, which
always leads to impotency, that stands
in the way of tho present indebtedness
being wiped off.
We just indulge in bo much ignorance
and Waff when we talk of "adzing
the reins of government," etc.," when
we allow a small thing liko a few thou- j
sand dollars to become like a millstone I
round tho nock of Labor. ,
The big schemes of finance, though I
mystical in nppenrance, nre only well
thought out schemes of apportioning a
great responsibility.
Take any successful industry and it
would be true to stato that tho growth
of thnt capitalization depends on the
degree of organizntion for separating
the individual workor from the valuo
of his lnbor, minus the cost of its
production.
The present systom demands that
every mnn and woman shnll bear thoir
share of tho responsibility. Capitalist
brains develop the organization and insist on tho responsibility of tho individual.
Here is where the workerB of British
Columbia need to start to save Vancouver's Labor Temple. There is plenty of monoy among the.workors to clear
off the dobt and then have some left.
The directors might do well to bring
this feature of responsibility home to
the wage-earners of the province.
The money is hore. What Ib wanted
is the organization to place the responsibility and provide the ma
chinery for collecting the money.
Somo two years ago the matter was
referred to tho Trades and Labor Congress of Canada for ndvisoment, bat
the executive was not quito equal to
the occasion. It wns said times were
hard—money hard to get from the
workers.
I did not beliove it then, I do not
believo it now.
All that was ever noedod wns the
placing of thc responsibility.
I nm sure if the following questions
wero put to the membors of organized
labor, the responsibility would bo
placed whore it belongs nnd the finan-i
cial difficulties promptly met: I
"Will you surrender the Labor Temple nnd all tho timo, money and effort
put into it for tho sake of a $5 bill?
"Will you admit a miserable failure
of a few thousand dollars to allow the
finest Home of Labor in tho Dominion
to slip into the hnnds of a capitalist
mortgngco, after you have mndo and
orocted overy part of its structure?"
Whatever excuse about hard times
wub offered two years ago can no
longer bc advanced.
If the flnnncial proposition is worked out, nnd overy member of orgnnized
lubor given his share of tho responsibility it will turn out surprising how,
though some will growl, thoy will eventually como through.
You know thoro ure somo pooplo who
moot responsibility with n slnile; there
arc others who moot it with a growl.
They will pay just tho same, but growling is a part of their make-up, and
when you know them why you do the
smiling for them.
Then, again, thc membors of the now
Federated Labor Party ought to share
the burden of the work. They need to
become the sponsors for the genoral
public, who derive ninny bonoflts from
tho labor movement indirectly.
I attended a meeting of some 1,0(10
persons and I am fairly well convinced
that a Labor Temple commit ice ought
lo bc ablo to assist in tho selling of n
lot of if! shares.
What is noedod is lho possession of a
share of tho Temple stock by every
worker in Ihe city of Vancouver and
lho result would be that the Labor
movoment, as il goes into a fight from
time to time wilh orgnnized capital,
would have money to jtnanco the campaigns rather than run them on bluff.
I was in Seattle tho other day. Thc
Shipbuilders and Boilermakers union
hits grown to 17,000 members. The
compensation laws of the state are not
quito mooting the situation. There arc
between 20 and 30 accidents daily. The
unions have just been running a week's
carnival. They hired tho largest building to be had in Scuttle, erected a
World's Fair wheel, and are running a
miniature World's Fair kind of a proposition. Tho object is to raise money
to assist the needy nmong tho injured.
Tho point iu this connection is that
tlie carnival idea would never have entered the heads of the shipbuilders had
tho need und necessity not boen there.
Tho need was financial assistance,
and it looks progressive indeed to seo
thc workers so enterprising.
Theso lessons mean added efficiency.
!.el us begin by bringing this, after
all a small matter, to the attention of
tlie unions.
Let every union man in Vancouver
bo nsked to share the responsibility.
The main point is, teach us to know
our responsibility, nud tho worker will
surely not fall. The Y.M.C.A., missionaries, tng days, etc., all manage to
dig from the workors, nnd I hnvo faith
enough to believe that if our case is
properly presented tho Vn neon ver
workers will come through.
Carhartt OveraDs
for me — because
they are the best.
Take a tip and
buy a few extra
pairs at once.
Prices are bound to
go high.
If yonr dealer haa not
got them it'a your right to
order him to do ao.
Union-made
B. C. Made
Best Made
Factory:
Entire 8th Floor
World Building:
Vancouver, B. O.
Phone Sey. 2493
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Haatinga St. W. Phones Sey. 1965 * 1966
FIVE BRANCH STORES
SPECIALS
Friday and Saturday
.25 Mennsn's Talcum   13
.25 Reld's Witch Basel Cream........   '.IS
.85 Reld's Almond Cream  18
.10 Shampoo Powders     .OS
.35 Mennen's Shaving Cream ...'. IB
.50 Reld's Kidney Pills  26
.75 Jad Balis    '.3D
.25 Mlnard's Liniment     [l3
.50 Reld's Eczema Ointment  25
25 Reld's Cascara Tablets  IS
.36 Hydrogen Peroxide, 8 oss 18
•10 Vaseline  06
.25 Aspirin Tablets. 5 grs.. 1 doz 13
.50 A. B. S. tt C Tablets  26
.50 Sulphur nnd MolnssoB  25
.10 nlcgs, Epsom Salts, Llcoriio Powder
Alum,  Borax   05
.35  Toilet  Soap,   box     .18
.25 Dentone Tooth Paste 	
.26 Dentone Tooth Powder
.60 Tooth Brush	
.35 Tooth Brush  }.	
.25 Tooth Brush  _..
.15 Nail Brush 	
.50 Wrist Straps 	
.25   Nail   Clippers   	
■25 Finger Stalls 	
■ 10 Styptic Pencils 	
.50   Zambuk   	
.50  Fmlt-n-tivoB   	
.15 Hanson's Corn Cure .
.26 Carter's PUIb 	
♦ 1.00 Hold's Liver Tonic 	
.50 Emulsified Cocoanut Oil 	
$1.00 llelrl's  Blood  Purifier 	
Not Moro Than One of Each Article to a  customer.
WAB TAX EXTRA WHERE REQUIRED
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The Austrian ministry of railways an*
'.ounces the entire suspension ol pssseniter
traffic cm thc northern railways, according
to advices from Vl*nna. Thla action was
taken because oi tho shortage oi cosl, due
to a strike of minors.
L
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION BUILDING
CORNER CAMBIE AND HASTINGS STREETS
RING OP SEYMOUR 2364 POR APPOINTMENT
T.B. CUTHBERTSON rSGO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Oranvllla Stmt
tie naatlnss Street Wait
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Lahor Ttmplt
_   VAHOOUVEB. B. O.
a.,7In^'>""}'S '" u*«" »'*■—
"ttea—7fic and 11.00 per day
•2.60 per week ud np.
Oift tt Rataonatit but
Week-end or Sunday
Tripspn B.C. Electric
.\   Lines  .*.
Suggestions for pleasant outings within easy distance of Vancouver:
Capilano or Lynn Valley—Tnko North Vancouver ferry and
13. (!. Electric North Shore cars.
Stanley Park, English Bay, Kitsilano or Jericho—These wll
known rusorts aro Erosh and attractive in spring. The* kiddies will enjoy thom.
Triangle Interurban Trip—Tako any of the three interurban
lines botweon Vancouver and New Westminster. Option of
returning by another.   Return fare 35 cents,
For in formation, phono Soymour ,r>000
"Railway Information."
C^C^ectHc
1 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY April 26, 1918
1 B. C.
Puolished every Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Fedorationist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Soy   7497K
Subscription: $1.60 por year;    in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
iu a body, fl.00
* 'Unity of Labor;   the Hope of the World'
FRIDAY April
11118
WE HAVE long been ot tho opln
ion that thu autocracy of Pros
sinn vintage is without a duubt
tho last word in absolutism and tyranny, and the impudent repudiation und
abrogation of ull that
THIS IS NOT is tolerable or ovon
PRUSSIAN decent in govornment.
AUTOCRACY ln those Ilrst dark
dnys of the prosont
war, when the Inula! and savage Prussian ruffian was goose-stopping across
•Belgium in seven-league boots and the
civilization ot* western Europe appeared doomed to extinction by the poisonous and deadly gas of German "kultur," wo shuddered with horror at {lie
impending fate thut awaited our own
pure democracy once France and Britain had been autocratically befouled
and kultarally besmeared according to
tho "Hun" code, and the dirty boast
<of military ruflinnism had turned liis
foul attentions to our own cuse. But
fortunately the sword of democracy
barred his passage to victory
French soil, and his foul purpose of
defiling the oarth with the orduro of
absolutism nnd the uncleanliness of autocratic rule was happily frustrated.
We breathod a sigh of relief, as did
every other true dohiocrat throughout
this western world, and each and all
did burn incenso once again upon the
altar of democracy and rodedicate ourselves, our lives, our fortunes and
oar sacred honor, to the safety of democracy's kingdom and tho perpetuation of hor most glorious reign. And
ever since, yea oven down to tho presont momont, we have, in happy concert
with our jovial democratic rulers (may
the Lord savo our buttons) vainglor-
iously and valiantly proclaimed her
kingdom throughout tho -earth and
proudly hold hor banner high so that
tho oppressed and harried slavos of
brutal autocracy might behold ita beauty and gather neath its protecting
folds.
And now our revered rulers, self-appointed though thoy bo, have put one
ovor on tho vicious autocracy of raid-
Europo that will make that ruffianly
school of infamy acknowledge the superiority of western "kultur" over its
own peculiarly reactionary and semi-
feudal conglomeration. It is about the
neatest achievement of real democratic
statesmanship yot recorded. It removes
tho last lingering .doubt of the sincerity
of our democratic intentions that may
havo postered the minds of those who
have been prone to look distrustfully
upon us and loudly acclaim us ns hypocrites and filled with guile and deceit.
That is haB been put over, or is to bo
so put over, by " ordor-in-council," and
that, too, whilo the Dominion gas houso
is in sossion, still furthor avouches tho
genuinenoss of our domocracy and our
inverterate and deep-seated hatred of
autocrucy and all the infamies and brutalities that follow in its wnko.
* * *
Under this new domocratie dispensation, an arbitrary and completo consus
of "MAN-POWER" is to bo tnken.
Every one over 16 years of ago is to
be democratically compelled to register
and answer a fow "simple" quostions.
. That is the way it is stated in tho press
dispatches. It is not intended to here
insinuate that theso questions are
"simple" because they may have been
provided for simple persons to answer,
nothing of the kind. They must be
answered, that is all, and that is not
only simple enough, but it is also democratic. The penalties conveniently provided for application in ease of refusal
or neglect to register are copious in
quantity and extended iu scopo, sufficiently so, in fact, to satisfy tho most
fastidioiis democratic taste. At least
one might bc led to think so. A careful
perusal of these penalties will disclosa
the fact that at least one democratic
right will have been safely conserved
to he who refuses or neglects to rigih-
tor. He may be denied the right to
cam wages, to out,'to sleep, and to ride
either on a railway or a steamboat, but
he is not to be denied tho right to wnlk.
Of course, he will not bo allowed to
walk out of Canada, but inside of this
great Dominion he evidently will be
safeguarded in his democratic right to
spend the balance of his days in walking about, either swiftly or leisurely as
ho may democratically wish. And it
must bc generally conceded that there
is eonsidorable room in Canada for
walking purposes. Tlie penalties happily provided by our democratic overlords, who, by the way, we are told are
>our servants, are as follows, as told in
• the public press. Read them over carefully. Study tjieir dotnni-rutic moaning.
Thank Clod that you dwell uot andor an
^autocracy. Draw deep breaths of the
invigorating inspiration of western democracy. And then send hearty con-
. grutulutions to your faithful servants at
Ottawa who have stood bravely at their
[post and dealt such a solar plexus blow
-to n.b*t brutal i'russiuu autocracy that
"would subdue find rulo tho world. Do
not let captious kickers lead you to believe that western democracy is merely
Prussian autocracy with a few devilish
improvements, for while you are worrying over thnt, you may forget to register. Then you will inherit the following:
"Any person failing to register will
fliposo himself to serious penalties and
disfranchisement.    He may be fined or
imprisoned, ur at the discretion of the
court he may be both lined and sentenced to imprisonment, lh' will forfeit
any right he might otherwise have had
to vote at a Dominion election. Ho will
bc disentitled to receive nny wages or
salary, to obtain board or lodging at
nny hotel, restaurant or boarding house,
or to purchase a ticket for or travel
upon any train nr steamboat. Any employer knowing him to bo unregistered,
who pays him any salary or wages, will
thereby expose himself to the same pen-
allies whieh the defaulter has incurred
through failure to register. Any person
knowing him to be unregistered who
gives him board or lodging or who sells
him transportation or any eond.nMnr,
captain, purser, or other officer who,
•knowing him to be unregistered, per-
nfltl him to proceed upon a journov w.U
be rendering himself linblo to heavy
penalties."
THOSE AMONG us who may be
actuated by a desire to see peaco
onco more established and at a
cost less terrible than the absolute exhaustion of either one or the other or
both sides to the
THERE IS NOW awful contest, might
NO OTHER as well give up all
ALTERNATIVE hope and reconcile
ourselves to what
now appeurs to be the inevitable ai^d
only end to the horrible affair that is
wrecking civilization. Whatevor prospect thore may once have been that tho
poople of tho warring countries might
return to sanity and in spite of their
military rulers and mediocre statesmen
forsake the bloody path of destruction
and devastation and clear tho way to
peace and reason and negotiation, it
has beea wilfully and deliberately destroyed by those who have occupied
the seat of authority. When the authorities of the Entente countries refused to allow representatives of their
respective working classes to participate in the Stockholm conference called
by tho Russian Revolutionists, and
subsequently refused to take part in the
Hrest-Lilovsk deliberations, tho die
was cast. All hope for peaee by negotiation and a return to international
sanity was destroyed. Tho only alternative was the continuation of the aw
ful slaughter until both sides have been
bled white and rilling class fury has
been glutted io exhaustion und Ihe nil
ing (Mass drowned in the blood of its
own victims.
H; * *
Had the workingmen of thc various
■.ountries been allowed to moot ut
Stockholm the chances are two to one
that an understanding eould have been
reached that would have mado peace
possible without the ruling class of
the world losing all of its power, pomp
and ovil influence in the groat world
of things. Had tho Entente nations
gone into the Brest-Litovsk conference
with cloan hands and honorable intentions, it is more than doubtful if
it would have been oven rebiotely possible for the Central Powers to have rejected terms of peace upon the basis
of "no annexations and no indemnities," as suggestod by tho Bolshoviki.
We havo much roason to bolievo that
it would have beon impossible for the
Gorman and Austrian governments to
have continued thoir pooplo in the
brutal slaughter in face of a peace
mado possible by such action upon tho
part of tho Entente powers. And out of
such a poace the ruling class could have
saved much of that which it has no
real desire to lose. But now all is lost.
There is no poace now possible except
the peaco of universal exhaustion and
irretrievable bankruptcy. It will be
un exhaustion and a bankruptcy absolutely impartial us between nations.
All will go down in ono common jackpot of ruin and that ruin will havo
boon brought upon them by thoir own
hands. When tho opportunity present-
d itself to our rulers and statesmen
to save their faces and at least some of
their power and privileges, and they
had not the intelligence to rccognze
the opportunity and take advantage of
it, surely thoy can have no ono to
blamo but thomsolves if the final and
completo wreck of tbeir fortunes
should eventually result and all bo
lost.
* *        *
Tho Federationist has fully realized
that tho war must run its own courso.
Barring the possibility that the statesmen who sit at the helm of ruling class
affairs might not altogether lose their
hoads and prove unable to read tho
"handwriting upon the wall" we have
folt certain that poace could not return
to the world until it came as the peace
of exhaustion. As betwoen the political and cultural development of feudal
mid-Europo nnd that of capitalist west-
orn Europe, there can be but ono
choico to evory thinking person of
democratic leanings and aspirations. To
such the triumph of mid-Europe in thc
present struggle would bc nothing short
of a world calamity; a turning back
is not wealth, but, on the contrary, is
waste. It is the abnegation of wealth,
in so far as tho producers of real wealth
are concerned, although it may be endowed with great valuo in the estimation of thc parasitic and useless ones in
human society who manage to eat,
drink and thrive luxuriously, bccuuBe of
tho universal superstitition that this essential rubbish-is in some strange manner a necessary and indispensable part
of the economic mechanism upon which
their daily life and activity depends.
* * *
There is at no timo any great Btock
of real wealth on hand. Tho food,
clothing, shelter, household requisites,
tools, etc., ure uBcd up as fast as they
are produced. There is no accumulation of these things beyond that requisite to tide over such periods of non-
production as may occur, such as a winter season, for instanco, or as a margin
of safety against a possible shortage
of crop yield. Production cannot stop
for any extended period in any of the
things mentioned, without starvation
and sull'ering speedily ensuing. No
matter how great the accumulation of
figures upon bank books, or in any other
credit form, the misery and suffering
will not be lessened thereby. Thc alleged wealth of tho rich will not for
a momont exorcise the ghost of famine,
nor stay the hand of the grim reaper.
It is food, clothing, shelter, fuel, etc,
that alone can do that. Alleged wealth,
bogus wealth, wealth that is nothing
but .a hoax and a pretense, Can neither
propitiate a hungry stoniuch nor temper tho winds of winter to a naked
back,
# * *
Our good friends the surface-skimmers, who are also hoaxed by every
hoax tbat cunning can devise or ignorance hatch up in its dull imagination,
should cease shedding tears of sorrow
and giving birth to lugubrious wails
of lamentation over this wicked accumulation of what they term "wealth."
The garnering of that crop of imposing
figures gallantly marshalled and arrayed upon the solemn ledger page and
tho festive currency note, is a harmless
occupation and a non-productive one
withal, and can work injury to the
guileless and unsophisticated producer
of real wealth only bo long as ho remains a strong-backed but weak-minded sucker fit only to be the butt of a
huge joke. If he ever does wake up
to an understanding of himself and all
that has been perpetuated upon him
through sheer flimflam and hocus pocus,
he will no longer bo satisfied to slavo
from early morn to dewy ove for nothing, while at the same time laboring
under the delusion that promises to pay
aro actual payment and accumulated
figures are real wealth.
O'
of tho hands of tho political clock
lonst a couple of centuries; a triumph
of reaction and a correspondingly deadly blow to all that hinkes for progress,
democracy and a greater human freedom. And wc havo yet to learn of
even tho much reviled "pacifist" who
is so lost to all interest in human pro-
gross and so indifferent to the cause of
democracy and liberty as to be willing
to have peaco at sjch a price as (hat.
Wi!
E NOTE that the United Statos
now accredited with huving
over seven thousand men and
women within its citizenship, whose
worldly wealth is rated iu at least seven
figures. They const i-
THE YEAR'S tute the millionaire
HARVEST OF class. During tho
BLOOD MONEY, yoar just passed,
tlieir number moro
than doubled. At its end, there was
more than twice as many of these immensely wealthy ones than at its beginning, and the present outlook gives
promise of a still greater addition to
tho number during the present year
than in 1917. Corporations galore are
declaring dividends of fifty per cent.
Many of them are making profit far in
excess of that, and ure holding large
sums in reserve for the enlargement of
their operations instead of distributing
it all among their stockholders. And it
should not be forgotten that these huge
profits are available even after tlio
"fab-ilnus" wages of the present time
are paid and the "exorbitant taxes"
(tf war timo havo been met. Evidently
the going must be exceedingly good for
these soulful and brain-sweating patriots who thus toil patiently, nnd no
doubt painfully, along the rugged pathway of wenlth accumulation.
# * *
But while it may appear to be improper and even unjust thnt patriots
should amuss wealth out of the blood
and agony of their suffering country, a
country that is sacrificing all that it
can beg, borrow or otherwise obtain,
upon tho altar of world liborty, a modi-
cim of solace may be drawn from the
fact that all this alleged wealth consists of nothing more real aad substantial than an accumulation of figures representing promises to pay, drawn upon
a future that can never pay, for the
simple reason that there can be nothing
to pay with thon, j.ist as there is nothing with which to pay now. Though The
Federationist may be accused of unduly
harping upon this particular theme, we
shall still persist in doing so, for onco
Ihis ridiculous fallacy of wealth aud its
accumulation is disclosed to Ihe victims
—the producers of ull the real wealth
of the world—this grotesque old hoax
will no longer be workable upon them
and to their undoing. The renl wealth
of the world consists solely of such
stock of the essential things of life
as may at any given time be in evi-
denr-e." And thc essential things of life,
as they appear in Ihe markets of the
world 'consist solely of food, clothing
and shelter, and such other things as
ere requisite to the continued production und enjoyment thereof by the producors themselves.    Ml outside of that
F COURSE every one knows that
in the lost analysis government
is nothing but repression.   It is
unthinkable except as a master's court
of last resort in   dealing   with   their
slaves andhold-
NEED A WORTH?     ing them in sub-
OAUSE FEAR jection to their
CRITICISM? purpose.   Its
edict is at all
times "thou shalt not," and any refusal to obey it, either through ignorance of it or rebellion against it,
is dealt with by means of the club, the
bayonet, the gaol and kindred means
of repression and oppression. If government is not as herein stated, then
why is it that it is so thin-skinned
when the barbB of criticism are thrust
at it? If it is an institution, as we
arc frequently led to believe, calculated to act as a sort of godfather to
weak mortals, and whose mission is to
guide them in tho way they ahould go;
in short a kind of paternal guardian to
shield us from ovil und direct our footsteps along the smooth and fragrant
pathway of moral excellence and seemly and righteouB conduct, why is tho
noose necessary at all? Can the virtues of morality, good conduct, honor,
integrity, loyalty to one's fellow mortals, courtesy, kindness, and all that is
supposed to distinguish the cultured
and civilized man from all other animals, be inculcated in the human breast
by means so coarse and ruffianly as
beating, bruising and maiming? Tho
very fact, that such moans nro always
reverted to when flimflam and deceit
fail, goes far to prove that governments
have no moral aud ethical basis, or justification for their existence. They are
the last word iu brute force and the
complete abnegation of reason and human intelligence as a guide to human
conduct.
If there is a government on earth at
the present time that is uot busily and
solely engaged in issuing "verboten"
decrees and terrifying "thou shnlt
nots," we arc uninformed ns to its
whercabojts. It would appear that they
.iave nothing else to offer except repression. Nothing for the uplift of the
race; nothing evea for the open and
manly waging of thc present war;
nothing in fact but repression und brutality exercised with eommendable impartiality against, friend and enemy
alike. It is incomprehensible that any
cause worthy of the support of honest
and clean-thinking men need resort to
the club, the gibbet, the gaol, and a
repudiation of all principles of oven
common decency, in order to gain adherents and support. Regardless of
whatever merit or virtue may lie behind the present world slaughter,
viewed from the standpoint of either
sido to the awful aft'nir, it appears that
all belligerents alike are compelled to
depend, uot upon the virtue of their
cause for support, but upon the ukase,
the edict, the order-in-council, tho lash,
the knout, the club, the bayonet, the
gaol, the noose, the spy, the stool, the
sneak, the informer, the falsifier, and
the hypocrite instead. When governments nre called upon to grind out an
endless grist of repressive acts, orders-
in-council, espionage acts, enemy alien
acts, conscription acts, defence of the
realm acts, press-choking and anti-criticism acts, either such governments hnvo
no good intentions towards those ovor
whom they exercise authority, or they
are actuated by the fear of nn upris-
ing against that authority in ease their
real purposes aro disclosed. Mayhap
they correctly read the handwriting
upon the wall and in sheer terror and
obedience to the instinct of self-preservation, not only for themselves, but
also for the predatory interests whose-
(Mstndinus thoso governments are,
plunge madly into the use of all means
of repression that they eaa conjure
forth, iu hopes to avert the storm and
prolong their iniquitous reign, Perhaps that accounts for the actions of
some of them at least, for instance the
semi-feudal governments of mid-
Europe.
* * *
The Federationist believes that there
is a historical reason for the present
war, a reason that mnde il absolutely
inevitable. A reason that removes the
obloquy of having brought it nbout
person or com
bination of persons. A reason which
if sot forth clenrly to the people of
tho Entente countries, would enlist tho
earnest and full support of overy do-
cent and right-thinking person, without
the necessity of resorting to the repressions and brutalities practised during the feudal age in order to carry
the causo of the Entente Allies to
swift and complete victory. But to accomplish this it would be necessary
that the Entente countries involved
como into the conflict with something
moro than professions of democracy
upon their lips, and black and deadly
reaction in their hoarts. If their professions of democracy were sincere and
they wore to demonstrate that sincerity by laying their cards oponly upon
the table whero all could see them,
friend and foe alike, the semi-feudalism
of middle Europe would not last appreciably longer than a snowball in the
nether regions. Tho Bolsheviki of Russian called the turn. And the Bolsheviki of all tho rest of thc world would
have long since answered the call, bat
for the fact that it was kept from their
ears by their precious governments. A
worthy causo need not fear either criticism or attack. And no cause worthy
of^ the support of decent citizens of
this or uny other land ever did or does
fenr it. lt has been snid, that "truth
wears no mask; bows at no humun
shrine; seeks neither place nor up-
plause;,she only asks a hearing." And
it may well bo added that she not. only
asks a hearing, but she demands it
and will get it, though perchance many
of her apostles perish by the wayside
in forcing the dcniund. Truth may for
a time be choked off by repression and
brutality, but even that cannot always
prevail. If it could then there would
be no human progress; there weald be
naught but reaction, rot and death.
Thero would be no growth. There
would be decay instead. But resistance
against reaction is not dead. Repression will not avail to forever hold
tho slavo in chains. The conditions
being shaped by this awful ruling class
carnage, and which will swiftly mature
upon its ending, will compel the slaves
of tho earth to repudiate their masters
and all thoir institutions and launch
their bark upon the sea of real democracy with Labor in the pilot house
and at tho helm. Probably a vision of
this has reached the dull intellect of
rulors and their governments and that
accounts for their frenzied efforts at
repression.
their creator with great revenue producing power, happily combined with
and supplemented by a pleasing docility and a profound reverence for the
sanctity of the obligations of their
ownera and masters. And therein lies
whatever virtue there may be in national debts or any othor similar devices calculated to aaddle the future
with tho sins of tho past.
When Judge Landis, who is trying
the case of the 112 I. W. W. members
at Chicago, sampled the food given to
the men at tho Cook County jail, he
at once issued orders that they be immediately provided with 60 additional
cuspidors, presumably so thnt thoy
could spit the abominable stuff out
without soiling the floor.
In cnso anybody should ask you about
it, you might Btate, that The Federationist is strongly of the opinion that
"tar and feather" parties are not especially calculated to stimulate patriotism, rouso the war spirit, and strengthen the ''will to conquer," in the breast
of tho peoplo of any country that allows
such functions to be promoted with impunity.
Great Britain's debt is now $27,036,-
000,000. The budget for 1918 ib expected to add $10,000,000,000 to it. But
even then tho total will only be equivalent to about $050 for each inhabitant of the British Isles, so there ia
nothing for any one to kick nbout except tight-wads, misers, Scotchmen and
penurious folk, It ia a mere trifle when
wo atop to consider how wealthy the
Empire is.   It is for a fact.
from  the bead of any
Food riots aro reported in Vienna.
Ment markets have been stormed by
hungry mobs. Thoir hunger was satis-
fled by a judicious application of police
clubs, that being the only effective
method known to the ruling class of
any country to allay discontent. And
come to think of it, that is all thore
ever was to government anyhow. Repression is the breath of life in its nostrils. Without that it would be meaningless.
A general striko on May First, aB a
proteat against the proposed murder of
Thomas J. Mooney by the capitalist authorities of tho State of California, is
boing advocated by the advancod and
worth-whilo section of the organized
labor movemont of the United States.
The proposal has met with a favorable
response from many quarters. This has
so roused tho iro of Mr. Sampel Gompers, that distinguished survival from
the troglodytic period, that he haB issued an official fulmination to the effect, that "any attempt to incite Buch
a strike would bo a violation of union
laws and repugnant to tho rights nnd
interests of the workors themselves and
would react against Mooney," Snm-
uel certainly ought to bo an authority
upon what is or is not reactionary, for
he is assuredly the high priest and supreme eiubodimont of all thnt is anti-
progressive and reactionary. It is evidently quite proper and eminently respectable for working men to go on
strike for a raise in wages of anything
from a penny a month up, but it is
"repugnant" for them to knock off
work for even onS day in ordor to
save the life of one of their number.
There is nothing "repugnant" in such
a slavish philosophy at that, is thoro?
We often wonder how mjch longer tho
patient and decent rank and file of tho
organized labor movement will stnnd
for the,vapid and nauseating reaction
of this troglodytic fossil.
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Wouldn't it bo assuring to have a guarantee of PERFECT QUALITY, from a houBe known all ovor tho Dominion? Wouldn't you prefer to obtain tho BEST POSSIBLE VALUE FOR THE MONEY YOU EXPEND? We
can offer thia because of our own buying advantages.
Birka' Diamonds aro fully guaranteed in every way. Let
us show you a range of rings at 925, 930, $35, 940, 950,
976, $100 and up.
"Tbe Borne of Fine Diamonds"
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man. Dlr,
Granville and Georgia Sts.
There wore 290 deaths at the Army
Camps, barracks, posts, hospitals, etc.,
in the United States for tho week ending on April 5, as against 2.17 for the
previous week. Of theso pneumonia
claimed 155, insanity 2, homicido 1, and
judicial hanging" 2. The noneffective (sick) rato for the last dny
covered by the report was as follows:
National Guard, 41.4 per 1,000; the National Army, 54.3 per 1,000; the Regular Army, 43.5 per 1,000. Were it not
for the seivuns and vaccines compul-
sorily injected into these young physically fit men, there would no doubt be
a tot of sickness among them.
"There can be but one ond to this
war. Whether that end is near or is
to be long deferred our business is to
kill as many Germans as wc enn. * *
There is moro spirituality in this
war than has ever before forced itself
upon the consciences of men." Thus
spake Major-Goneral E. D. Swinton, C.
B., D. 8. O., and to be continued in our
next, at a "luncheon" tendered him in
Seattle. It is no uncommon thing for
poor inortuls to talk blusteriferoualy
and even confusedly at such functions,
especially if the "luncheon" has in-
Imled the proper inspirational trimmings liquid in eharuetor. It is quite
evident thnt what the gallant warrior
fancies to be "spirituality" is merely
high explosive. The "luncheon," like
a well-laden ship, must,have been properly trimmed.
The Daily Province of this city Bays
editorially, that "Japan has said that
she is in Vladivostok in the intorest of
all the Allies. Wo still think that all
the Allies should be prosent to speak
for themselves." Does tho Province
mean to insinuate that tho word of our
gallant '' Ally" is as worthless as
"scraps of paper" to a wicked Hun?
Doos thnt eminently truthful nnd profoundly sugacious journal perchance
thuBly insinuate because of a deopor insight into the truo inwardness of na
tional diplomacy and aspirations, then
that possessed by ordinary mortals who
icve that nations are invariably actuated by the loftiest of motives nnd
diplomats can not lio? Such base insinuations aro dnngcrous in tho extreme.
They are liable to disturb international
relations and prolong tho war. The
censor should (deleted).
The combined national debts of
Groat Britain (including self-governing
colonies), France, Italy, Russia, United
States, Germany, Austria nnd Hungary
but the trilling sum of $140,000,000,-
000. This year's budget is not likely to
add over $(i0.0n0,ono,000 to the total.
When the enormous wealth lying behind these obligations is fully realized
the mad rush of working plugs, school
hildreu and others lnrge investors to
put their surplus into theso gilt-edged
securities is clearly explained. Of
courso lhat wealth consists solely of
enslaved   working poople endowed by
If the wicked Hun should conquer the
earth as a result of the preBent war,
and brutal and vicious autocracy thus
be onthroued in all lands, we may woll
wonder just what effect it would havo
upon tho delectable democratic conditions prevailing in Sydney, Australia,
as set forth in the columns of the daily
press o' that neck of the woods, as follows: Would a democratic beautltude
be transformed into nn autocratic Horror and tbe heavenly harmony and contentment now prevailing bo turned into
a discordant hell of misery nnd despond.   If not, why not?
"Side by side with the vulgar and
callous display of wealth, in Sydney
there lurks hideoua poverty that should
bring the blush of shame evon to tho
most hardened sinner. Thus the Sun of
Feb. 5th: 'Tho crowd of women and
children who rake the garbage bina at
tho Sydney municipal marketa in senrch
for vegetables and fruit is on the increase. This morning thero wero from
100 to 150 present. Mnny of them were
scantily clothed, and it was common to
seo the childron in rags, barehendod,
and without boots. Some women carried babies in arms, while othera wheeled perambulators. All had sugar-bags
and carry-alls. The children turned out
tho boxes, while tho womon cut away
tho diseased portions from potntoos.
Young women and children wero seen
picking vegetnblcs out of guttors, whilo
three women, aged between 65 and 70
years, were noticed taking cabbago
from manure heaps.' "
It will bo remembered that numerous
stories were cheerfully spread about
last summer and fall about German
spies iu the United Stntes attempting
to aid tho German causo by putting
broken glass in food, poisoning water
and circulating poisoned court plaster.
These yarns were peddled through the
poisoned press of capitalism with all
the solemnity of indisputable truth.
And now comes tho Attorney-General
of the United States with a statoment
to the effect, thot after a moBt com
pleto and thorough investigation not a
shred of truth has beon found upon
which to base theso weird talcs of Gorman infamy. Attorncy-Gcnoral Gregory
says that nearly ull of the "broken
glass" cases developed into instances
where sand, small pieces of flint or
other impurities hud accidentally, or
through careless manufacture, found
thoir way into tho foodstuffs in
question. In a very few cases glass
particles were found, but this had occurred in the samo mnnner as with the
sand, etc., by carelessness or accident. In
the many cases of alleged poisoned court
plaster, no poison was found. In one
case tetanus germs were discovered in
court plaster, but this was traced to
carelessness, instead of criminal intent.
No poisoned waters were found, A
small quantity of bichloride of mercury
was found in a horse trough in West
Virginia., but there was nothing to show-
how it came there or for what purpose.
No horses or other animals intended for
government uso hnd access thereto.
Once tho truth in regnrd to the mnny
atrocities attributed to Gorman criminal instincts becomes known, it will
probably bc shown that many of the
yarns so gleefully told about them will
be found to rest upon an equally flimsy
basis. To lie is the easiest thing in ail
the world to thoso whom nature hns evi-*
dently designed for that especial purpose, and the ehnnnels of informntion
peculiar to this slnvo civilizntion nre
eminently calculated to disseminate the
false and smother that which is true.
—SAVE YODE MOKBY—
STABT A BANK AOOOUWT TJT
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yoar spare cash la
any old corner whore it fa In danger
from lutrcliirs or flro,
Tho Morchants Bank of Canada offers you porfoct aafoty for your
monoy, and will rIvo you full banking
sorvico, whether your account Is larga
or smnll.
Interest  allowed   on  savings deposits.
0. N. STAOEY, Manager
Oranvllle and Fender
W. O, JOY, Manager
Haatinge and Oarrall
Dentistry!
Onvni,    Brldgei    ud    Fillings
Bade the aame shade as yon own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings 7:80 to 8:80.
Denttl nurse in nttendinee.
DOB.   OSAMVniB   AMD   BOBSOI
slants
Onr Owl Drag Store
Pnene Oat. 5SS8
DENTIST
DR. GRANT FORD
has opened offices in the Flack
Block, corner of Hastings and Cambie streets.   Phono Seymour 7810.
not tho workmen, who mako those
thingB possiblo, have somo say as to
the conditions under which they will
do the making?
fl* Tho mass-demonstration of returned soldiers in Vancouver Inst Snturdny
iB more than significant. It is a preliminary note to governmental authorities that the responsibility of dealing
with thom must not bo shirked.
<g If Major Cooper knows no moro
of military tactics and affairs than he
does of tho trades union movement, ns
evidenced in tho Houso of Commons at
Ottawa during tho past woek, it is not
much wonder ho is in Canada still.
If all the idlers in Canndn aro to
be put to work or locked up, by order-
in-council, the outlook is rather gloomy
for a class which has hitherto considered itsolf the very pick of society.
If the workers could really get rid of
tho loafers, who do nothing but riilo
and rob them, what an ideal haven of
refuge Canada would be.
XN00BP0B4TED 1856
Bank of Toronto
Assets
...184,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT s.ring, Aeeonnt mny be
opened >t The Btnk ol Toronto
ln tne nemes of two or more
persons. In these iccounts either
pirtj* m«jr sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
» funlly or > firm • Joint aeeonnt Is
often • grent convenience. Interest ll
pild on bilences.
Vincouver Breneh:
Oorner Hastings nod Olmbll Street!
_t ,   , Branches at:
Victoria,  Merritt,  New Westminster
The Bank of British North America
Established ln 1838
Branches    throughout   Canada   and   at
New  York,   San  Francisco and Sawaon
Sarlnge Department
J. Edward Blare     OBce: Sly. 4111
SEARS & PATTON
Barristers, Solicitors, Common, Etc.
Victoria ui Vencounr
Vancouver Offlce: 616-7 Rogers Bldg.
VUTOODVBB, B. 0.
INVESTIGATECMGIC***
s*;n«sy.T.t:m.iiiii.- /to,*,*&»,*■» OIIWLls
TJ" i!* J* ••■#£■"«.•• sLrraKT    1     U =
,J.,*«siifr»,«dii«Bd*iKi.*D*.."ri*i.ii/ I   I 1:
All am Ml* sri H*. P-Uc. Ha nw ■    "   <"£
• iih ta Skill Til KM ofview, 10 weeki 25c. S
THE PUBLIC. 122 E.d 37th Street. New Y«k S
PARM'S PURPOSELY
PENNED PARAGRAPHS
*_ Every liberty nailed down in Can-
ada now will mako the recoil all the
f[renter when tho spring ia released
ater on.
f_ Vancouver eould get along with
about nix lawyers. Why not pinch the
rest of them on tho grounds that they
aro not engaged in any "useful occupation?"
I] If the recent order-in-comicil covering idlors is rigidly enforced the B. C.
Factory Inspector will have a difficult
time getting by. By the way, who is
he, anyway?
■IJ This war, if nothing else, is teaching the worker just how important a
faetor ho is in tho gamo. Without him
tho "upper strata" would bo in a
deuce of u fix.
■IJ The value of the working class
having a fow representatives in the
federnl houses of parliament ought to
be apparent to even tho most st.ipid
of the lot just now.
<J Who brought the "alien enemy"
workmen into this eountry any way?
Who keeps Iheni here? How long eould
they stay in Canada without a job?
Who provides the jobs?
<J There is the makings nf a fine 1ml-
talion of gospel sharks of various
prudes round about the coast i.ilies. Are
they essenlial to tho carrying on of industry or the prosecution of tho war?
4J Without workmen nn business or
induslry is possible.   Why, then, should
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades md Labor Oouncll.
April 28, 1803.
Re Provincinl Bureau of Industrial
Statistics: Resolved—None but a man
from the ranks of labor bo employed to
gather labor statistics.
Reply to Victoria Trades and Labor
Council: Employment of none but British subjects on government work was
not favorably received by Vnncouver
Trndes and Labor Council, which body
voted accordingly.
D. O'Dwyor and Frank Gladwin were
appointed on organization committeo.
DUBLIN.*—A manifesto, declaring that
conscription for Ireland is a "violallon of
all tho rights of a small nation" wax in-
Bliod today at a conforonco of tho Irish
party, Sinn Fein and Irish laboriles. Tlio
manifesto exhorts the pooplo tn exert the
utmost  resistance  to  conscription.
LONDON.—In view of the necessity of
nlving now doctors the opportunity of supporting labor candidates, the national executivo uf tho Labor party lias decided to
arrange for the immediate creation of local
labor parties in alt constituencies on the
lmsis of personal membership for both men
and women.
Tlie striking butchers of Seattle are looking forward to the trial of a gunman In the
employ of tho Taeoma Carstons" plant, who
stabbed Charles Nichols, a striker, fatally
wounding him so thnt he died about a
month ago, Tho trial will atari thla woek
aud Seattle butchers, are making arrangements to attend the sessions In Taeoma.
Serlotll food riots In Oalicla nro descrih-
I In a despatch from France, which says:
A telegram from Vi-mm to tho Meunichcr
Noueste Nachrlrhten reports that in many
large towns of Gallcla riots, involving bloodshed, occurred last weok because of the
ihortago of food. At Cracow tho riols were
particularly fl?rco, causing the death nf n
number of peoplo. Tho troops charged into
tho crowd, Tho disturbances have now
spread into Eastern Qallcia. more particularly in Lomberg and Tarnopol. The number of
casualties in tho civilian population is also
high."
Erery Union in B.G.*JJ2£|\*
tor 'OT WMIUTIOWMT lo .tol*
PAT POR IT MONTHLY, quarter]? or
yearly, as beat nits tke wishes of the
membership. Submit a motion at neit
meeting—and advise The Federationlit
of tke result.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
:AT THE J. N. HARVEY STORES
WHEN PRESENT STOCKS OF
FAST BLUE and GREY
PURE WOOL SUITS
Are gone there will be no more until after the war.
Wc provided well ahead, and have now a oomplete stoek of these Suits now on sale at practically
thc old prices of—
$25, $30, $35 and $40
Every suit has 50 years of tailoring experience
behind it.
Remember the address—watch our windows
J. N.Harvey, Ltd.
125-127 Hastings Street West
Also 614-616 Yates Street, Victoria, B. 0.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign SaBBses FBIDAY...
..April 26, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
COLUMBIA
Vaudeville ud Feature Pictures
Browning & Manning
Comedy,   Guitar,   Ukelele,   and
"Tbe Dancing Dog"
Jack Rolk
A Riot, Same as Ever
The London Duo
Harmony Singing
Stanley & Dale
Novelty Musical
2*Eeolor
"Luke's Honeymoon"
Ohas. Bay in "Clodhopper"
How   he   mado   good   with   tho
chorus girls.
Greater Concert Orchestra
5c, 15c, 20c    Boxes 30c
Empress
»       Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of April 29th
The Charming Comedy Drama
of Aunt Nary"
Featuring Miss Marie Baker
YOU'LL LOVE THIS PLAY
Prices:    16c, 30c, 40c.
ORPHEUM
Week of April 29th
WILTON LAOEATS
CLAIRE BOOHESTEB
SHEEHAN  A  BEOAY
DOOLEY * NELSON
COLE, EUSSELL A DAVIS
THBEE DABIINB SISTEBS
ZISEA   A KINO
PBIOES:    Eviuins:    First  18 rows
and    boxes,    80c;    balance 650.
Matinee:     Choice  of seats, 30c:
boxes and leges, 56c.
PANTAGES
* next wns
TBE  CREWEL-FANTON  OO.
VEBNA MEESEREAU ft OO.
 Other Big Features	
Two of Calgary's inunicipnily-owucd
public utilities have paid handsomely
sinco thoy have boon in operation—tho
electric department and tho streot railway. The former has yielded a profit
of $309,388.10 during the 11 years of
its operation. The street railway department has cleared, after paying all
lixed charges, u total of $326,488.34.
This year the surplus * amounted to
$21,492.52.
A further increase in the cost of
foodstuffs is shown in tho roport of the
department of labor for tho month of
March. In wholosalo prices tho department index number of Mnrch stood
at 262.2 as compared with 263.5 for
February. The averago cost por week
of a family budget of staple foods in
nearly sixty cities was $12.65 as coin-
pared with'$12.54 for February, $10.70
for March, 1917, and $7.68 for March.
1914.
Industrial Democracy Now
Casting Its Shadow
on Europe
Labor Groups Are Becoming
Insistent on Social
Reconstruction
Somo of tho chnnges in tho co-operative, labor and Socialist movements
wero described by Dr. Hnrrjr W. Laid-
ler of New York, in his addrtoss before
the students of the University of Pittsburg in liia talk on "Industrial Readjustments During tho War." Ho said
in part:
"During tho war the voluntary cooperative movement has grown extensively. In 1915 the sales of the 12
largost wholosalo co-operatives in
Europe were estimated at $360,000,000,
and in 1916, $500,000,000. The sales
of the Switzerland co-operative wholesale increased in 1916 by 25 per cent,
that of Denmark 25 per cent., Sweden
30 per cent,, Norway 35 per cent., Holland 44 per cent., and Finland 106 per
cent. In Bussia, from 1915 to 1917, the
number of distributing co-operative organizations increased 100 per cent.,
from 10,000 to 20,000. The co-operative stores have gained largely on account of tho fact that they refused to
take advantage of the necessities of
the people during war time, and have
continued to self at cost, instead of
monopoly prices,
"Another forco that has developed
ever increasing strength during the
prosent conflict is the Socialist and
labor movement throughout the world.
It is understood by students of English politics that the British Labor
party is likely, within a few months,
in case of an election, to obtain well-
nigh a majority in tho House of Commons. This organization has become
not only more powerful but more radical during the last few years, and it
has now a programme which demands
the immediate ownership, as well aB
control, of the land, mines, transportation system, canals, insurance and electrical powor; greatly increased income
and inheritance taxes; the reorganization of the credit system; a national
minimum standard of living, and extensive social control.
"In Germany the Independent Socialists, the anti-war group, who refuse
to vote for the war budget and demand
democratic peace, seem to bo Bteadily
growing. In a recent special election in
Berlin, called to fill the place of Dr.
Karl Liebknecht, now in jail, Mehring,
the Socialist historian, who ran as an
Independent Socialist against a candidate backed by tho majority Social
Democrats and supported by the other
parties, received a majority of the
votes and was elected. In Leipsig the
Independent Socialists have recently
eleoted 18 councilmen to their municipal council, ns against six elected by
tho Schoideman group. These antiwar Socialists are led by Hugo Haas,
tho chairman, prior to tho war, of the
110 Socialist members of tho Reichstag,*
by Karl Kautsky, the groat Marxian
scholar, and by Edward Bernstein, the
well-known revisionist.
"In Finland, in 1916, tho Socialists
obtained a majority of seats in their
national Parliament. In Sweden tho
number of Socialist representatives increased during tho war from 73 to 98,
In the United Stnjes the vote has vory
materially increused, Now York city
electing Bovon aldwmen and 10 Socialist assemblymen in the November elections on n platform against the high
cost of living, for free speech and press
and for a domocratic peaco. All over
Europe tho labor group has gradually
become more and more insistent in its
demands for socinl reconstruction,
rather than tho moro patching up of
the present industrial order, Whilo
many reactionary elements also have
boon gaining ground during the present war, the war is undoubtedly assisting in burying thc old order of things,
and, after the war, we may hope for a
rapid progress towards industrial democracy."
BUY SHARES
—IN-
EAST SOOKE
MINES, Ltd.
(Non-Personal Liability)
—AT—
35c
A SHARE
before the prico advances to
50c a Share
A Ground Floor
Investment
Prospectus and application
forms sent free
H. N. EVELY
.Fiscal Agent
443   HASTINGS   ST. WEST
Vancouver, B, O.
',210 Oovernment St., Victoria
Secretarial Notes Covering
Last  Regular  Semi-
Monthly Meeting
[Hy Christian Sivortz]
VICTORIA, April 23.—Ovor thirty
dolegates answered the roll cnll at the
semi-monthly meeting of tho central
lnbor body, whon President Simmons
called the meeting to order. Duly accredited delegates wero seatod, fivo of
whom represented tho Civic Employees
union.
Amongst the more important matters
brought beforo tho meeting was a letter
from the Civic Employees requesting
the support of tbe council in securing
an increase in, wages from tho city
council.
Tho delegates from the newly-formed
association of Civic Employees spoke
earnestly on behalf of their members,
and the wago scale submitted with
their letter. Thc council, however, declined to commit itself to any wnge de
mand lower thnn the standard wage of
tho respective trades represented in the
city employ. Tho mntter was referred
to a special committee, consisting of
Dels. Woodriff, Watson, Elliott, Hall
and Dooloy,
Tho quarterly statement of receipts
nnd expenditures showed a balance of
$.330 on March 31.
The committee on finance and audit
nlso reported on tho appointment of n
manager fur the hall, recommending the
adoption of tho roport of the executive
of last meeting, confirming Del. Taylor's appointment as outlined. Report
adopted.
Tlio staemont of earnings showed a
slight loss in connection with tho hall
for tlie first quarter,' but with smaller
light bills and fuel cost and tho appointment of an energetic manager, it
was felt that such a showing would
soon be reversed.
A  letter on bohalf of certain  em
ployees of the Pacific Dredging Co, was
received. The writer stated that the
wages for Sunday work and overtime
due since laBt year was still unpaid;
this in spite of the fact that Ame $5,-
000 had been withheld by the department of public works. Information had
also been given by Mr. J. D. McNiven,
former federal fair wage officer, to tbe
effect that cheques were about to be issued for the respective amounts due
the men. The seeretary was instructed
to take the matter up with the department of Labor,
Del. Hatcher informed the council
that the Cooks and Waiters had
brought the 8-hour day into effect last
Monday. Several houses had already
signed up or accepted the change, while
othors were coming through in a day or
so. Some houses wero trying to oppose
the union. The executivo waB instructed to co-operate with the offlcors of the
Cooka and Waiters,
On the request of tho Lifo Conservation league, the council decided to appoint a delegato to that organization,
Del. Dooly boing appointed to represent
the council.
Act  to  Be  Extended  to
Cover Employees of
Government
Work of Every Description
Tied Up to Protest
Conscription
Ireland's workless day, decided by
the labor bodies as a protest against
conscription, worked out last Tuesday,
according to leaders' plans. Stoppage,
of work in Dublin was virtually com-
frioted, far more so than in the usual
abor strike, in which employers try to
keep their plants running. In this case
it appears to be nobody's private interest to oppose the demonstration. The
railways did not attempt to operate,
the companies announcing a discontinuance of traffic with the statement that
they were not responsible for it. Tram
cars disappeared from the streetB and
with rare exceptions there was no
meana of transportation available.
The newspapers failed to appear today and none of the stores opened their
doors. The moving picture houses also
remained closed and the saloon keepers
made Dublin very dry by obeying the
mandate of their organization not to
open.
Dublin householders were told by
bakers and milkmen that there would
be no deliveries. Tramway and transportation workers' organizations decided to stop work, as well as engineers,
carpenters, tailors, drapers' assistants,
blacksmiths, ete. Rallwaymen's unions
said to number 20,000, including sta-
tionraastors and clerks, came to the
same decision.
It is estimated that a million Irishmen have signed the anti-oonscription
pledges. The Irish Nationalist members have, decided to absent themselves
from parliament.
SLAYKOFlfflSH
Found Guilty and Placed in
Asylum "During the
King's Pleasure"
[By Hanna Sheehy Skeffington]
Tho London Morning Post, Feb. 7.
contains tho following brief announcement in its editorial page: "Wo are
glad to bo able to announce that Captain Bowen Colthurst who, sinco his
trial in the Sheehy Skeffington case,
has beon confined nt Broadmoor, obtained his release last weok and is now
in a privato hospital."
Captain Colthurst waB tried and
found guilty of the murder of threo
Dublin editors—Francis Sheehy Skeffington, ThorauB Dickson and Patrick
Mclntyre. A plea of insanity was set
up and he was confined in a lunatic asylum "during the King's pleasure."
Aftor nineteen months he has been released as "cured," and apparently haB
been restored to his rank as captain of
tho Royal Irish Rifles, The release at
this? time is significant when connected
with the present trouble.
The release of this murderer recalls
another episode in recent Irish history.
In July, 1914, somo weeks beforo tho
outbreak of the wnr, British soldiers
shot down women and children in Bachelors Walk, Dublin. The usual royal
commission "investigated" that outrage and made Mr. Harrell (assistant
ponce commissioner) the scapegoat, and
deprived him of hiB command. A few
months afterwards Mr. Harrell was
quietly restored nnd given a post in thc
admiralty. The analogy between the
two cases need not bc labored.
The Journeymen Tailors strike in
Winnipeg is over and the members aro
all bnck to work. Thc number of
union shops has been very largely in
creased and tho wny made clear for a
union label boom. Tho main point iu
contost was the demand of the Tailors
for a 15 por cent, increase on the piece
scale. This has been ucceded to and
the weekly rate has gono up correspondingly. The new bill of prices for
woek hands provides for a half-holiday
each week.
The Ladies' Auxiliary of Rossland
MinerB union will give a May Day
dance in MinerB Union hull ou Wednesday evening, May 1. A portion of the
proceeds will be given to tho Canadian
Patriotic fund,
SEATTLE.—Tolephono oporators will
hereof tar clone their bi-weekly meotl dkb
with an informal ilance, oats or other form
of social good times, following a jilan aug-
{tested by the union's social conmiltteo hint
Friday night. The question of meoting
weakly was dlticitimed ns a iiossiblu menus
of aceominodating tho rapidly growing membership.
Organized labor of Milwaukee wns lied IU
hands of all n'sjiimsiliility for the two lahor
men from Great Britain, W. A, Apploton
and Joshua Ilutterworth, to speak in Mil-
waukoo, and In a largely attended mooting of
thu Federated Trades Council, prooJaimed
them nn "diser.-dil.eil hy the lahor Movement
of England." It was claimed they were
Kont to this country hy the ruling class of
England, in defiance of the vegulnr lnhor
movement there, and nt the instntic of Ham-
tiel Oomiiers, who is refusing to recognise
the   English   lnhor   body,
Ono dollar a year is the subscription
price of this paper, providing you send
in at least nino othor subs with it,
Lot us sond you some sub cards to
help you got subs.
AND FEDERAL
Will Apply in AU Provinces
Having Compensation
Acts in Force
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(Chairman   Workmen's   Compensation
Committeo)
Except expressly provided by tho statute, employees of provincial govern-
ments nre not covered by tho compensation acts enacted in the various provinces of Canada. By an amendment
passed at tho soBsion of the B. C. legislature just closed, government workmen, who would bo covered if employed
by a privato employer, are brought
within tho bonefits of the provincial
act-
Federal Oovernment Acts
After many years agitation, the federal govornment haa decided to pass an
net bringing the employeos of the Dominion within the scope of the compensation actB in such provinces as have
such legislation, and providing the
usual court remedies for tho workmen
in provinces where compensation acts
are not in force.
Abolition of Gratuities
Injured workmen or tho dependents
of those killed in the government service, including the employees of government railways, havo had to depend
on sueh grants as parliament could be
induced to vote, it being impossible to
sue the crown in such cases. With the
taking over of the Canndian Northorn
and portions of the Grand Trunk Pacific, both roads parallelling other railways where the workmon had civil remedies against their omployers, the
workmen on the roads taken over automatically lost their rights with the acquisition of tho roads by the government, and the consequent agitation
made some action by the govornment
imperative. The following is the resolution introduced in the House of Commons preceding the act which iB to
cure or remove the disabilities under
which employees of the federal government have been seriously handicapped
in case of injury or death.
Compensation for Injuries to Oovernment Employees
On the motion of Hon, J. D. Reid,
ministor of railways and canals, the
house went into committee on the following resolution, Mr. Boivin in the
chair:
Resolved, That it is expedient to
provide that an employee in the service of His Majesty who is injured,
and the dependents of any such employee who is killed, shall be entitled
to the same compensation as the employee, or as the dependent of a deceased employee, of a person other
than Hia Majesty would, under similar circumstances, be entitled to receive under the law of the province in
which the accident occurred, and the
liability for nnd tbo amount of such
compensation shall bo determined in
NATION'S LEAGUE
British Labor M. P. Favors
International League for
Permanent Peace
The Bt. Hon. Arthur Henderson, M.
P., contributes au article on "Labor
and the League of Nations, in a recent
issuo of the Labor Woman.
"Labor supports the proposal to establish a league of nations," Henderson
writes,'' because it is tho only practicable proposal yet made to guarantee the
Bocurity of peopleB and to promote unity among thom. Security is the supremo need of democracy in the coming
era of revolutionary change in which
democratic principles and policies will
govern political thought and action in
ovory civilized country.
Unity is tho aim which labor keeps
steadily in view in tho fiold of international affairB, because wo realize that
the final sanction of peace is not the
machinory of arbitration and conciliation, however cunningly devised, but
tho spirit of international good will tho
consciousness of the solidarity of peoples, tho OBsen'tial identity of their intorests. *..*,* When the league of
nations is established it will keep be*
fore the eyes of all peoples the truth
that peaco is the greatest of human blessings, and that a government or a dynasty bent on war is the enemy of the
human raee."
After stating that the one condition
that labor demands in the setting up of
the league of nations Ib that it snail be
the first step in the direction of creating a league of peoples, Henderson
says democracy "insists that the league
must be based on the idea of public
right, not upon class privilege, upon the
will of the peoples, not upon the agreement of kings and governments.''
"Peace," he continues, "can not be
maintained by merely getting together
an international assembly of lawyers
and diplomatists, any more than it can
be maintained by armies and navies.
The ultimate guarantee of peace is in
the resolute repudiation by every people of the imperialistic policies of their
governments.
Socialist and Labor members in every
parliament, the rank and file of the
working class movement ia evory country, will have to take much more interest in foreign affairs than they have
hitherto done. Thoy must demand fuller and more frequent debates on foreign policy,, fuller and more regular information about tho doings of foreign
secretaries, readier access to the treaties arranged by the chancelleries.
"While, therefore, we of the Labor
movoment heartily endorse the proposal
to set up international courts to deal
with issues of law and to mediate between nations at variance, do not let ua
make the mistake of supposing that this
Value Plus Style—for the
Particular Man
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ready tailored-to-meas-
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the Semi-ready-clothed
man is easily apparent.
&tmt-r*adg
Haximh (Elnthra
FOR MEN
for Spring and Summer
1918 embody a wide
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from the most modish
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invite you to call and
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clothes supremacy.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 GRANVILLE STREET
machinery alone will constitute the
league of nations. Do not let us forget
that it is the people alone who make
war possible; but for them the quarrels
of governments and rulers would merely be weak and Billy wrangles, having
no bearing upon the life of the world.
It is the people who manufacture the
infernal engines of destruction whieh
they use against themselves; it is the
people who strive and energize and
make the sacrifices whieh alone enable
f;overnments to go to war, and, in the
ast resort, it is the people who have to
undertake the responsibility of keening
the world at peace by refusing to allow
their rulers, under any pretext, to drive
them to the shambles again.''
the same manner and by the same
board, officers in authority, or by Buch
court as the governor in council shall
direct; and any compensation awarded shall be paid to such employee, or
dependents, or to such person, as may
be directed by the board, officer, authority or court, who may award costs
as in cases botween private partios
in the province whore tho nccident
occurred; and any compensation or
costs so uwnrded may be paid by tho
minister of finance out of any .unappropriated moneys in tho consolidated revonue fund of Canada.
would not hesitate to fight against the
Central Powers.
"The Soviets are gaining -enormous
power in Bussia. The people really feel
that they are the rulers of the eountry
and it is wonderful to observe them
Germany might destroy the Lenine government but Bolshevikism will permeate the world. Any other announcement would be false."
Every foreigner who has not large
interests of a eomercial nature leaves
Russia fairly committed to the Bolsheviki Bt view of life, and aU the Germans and Austrians who may return
to their country will most certainly be
propagandists.
The ambassador was accompanied by
a large party of diplomatic attaches
and others, including 36 Americans,
He said that negotiations with Bussia
were not broken off; on the contrary
they arc of the most friendly nature.
Ambassador Francis will remain at'Vologda and is making great headway for
the benefit of the relations between
the two countries.
These vicious stories that apepar in
the papers make the work of sincere
diplomats very difficult and the
of Japanese press in the matter of the
Siberian intervention.
a _m  i»  • _   ai       aipiomats  very   uimcmt ana  me  ua*
DCOreS AlallClOUSneSS Of the baBaador again Bcored the maliciousness
Press that Urges Invasion of Siberia
The Japanese ambassador, says a
Tokio dispatch, is back from Russia,
He declared that Japan's relations
with Bussia have been friendly and
there was nothing but maliciousness in
tho stories of the jingoist press which
urge that Japan Bhould invade Siberia.
These stories were disgraceful, said the
ambassador.
Germany knowfl bettor than to try to
reach Siberia, he said. Ho declared
that even tho Auatrinn nnd German
prisoners  wore  now Bolshovikist nnd
An increase of ♦315,292,04-4 in |he
trade of Canada during the fiscal year
ended on March 31 last, is shown by
the monthly statement issued through
the customs department. Tho statement
showB that at the end of the last fiscal
year tho grand total of Canadian exports and imports was $2,564,462,215, as
against $2,249,170,171, at the end of
1917. Domostic merchandise exported
from Canada last year totalled $1,540,-
027,788, while the imports during tho
snmo period were $962,52.1,847. Foreign merchandise was exported to the
total of $4(1,142,004.
m Big Low-Priced Shoe House
a
A LAST MINUTE BARGAIN
120 Pairs; popular sport styles for ladies. These lines include
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Special Saturday 	
$6.95
comes forward again with unbeatable specials in
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Black cloth top; medium heels;
worth up to $4.50. Saturday
special—
$3.00
Broken Sizes in
Ladies' Neolin
Sole Boots
Blackn  and   tans;   $8.50   grade.
Wlftle thoy last—
$5.95
Men!    See Johnston's
Wonder Values
in Black Calf Boots; recede nnd
broad too lasts; Goodyear welt
solos.    Regular $0.50. tor—
Men's Black
Box Calf
Bluchers
Modi uni    heavy    weight;    good
wearers; worth 40.00. Special at
$4.45
* Men's Heavy Calf
Work Bluchers
Double   Holes;    reinforced   counters; worth $6.00.   On sale Sat
urday-
$4.45
Men's Leather
Lined Box Calf
Bluchers
Heavy soles;   splendid   wearers;
worth $7.00.   On sale Snturdny—
$5.95
Tennis and Outing
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Tlie largest slock in Canada for
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\_JF- 'W« tiu.msorj srw... Cot um.'haiS\r ;'*•  _*■■
'ijw, V   VANC0U\/£»I3.C. *%>N£W_VI/_isrMIN$fMjtto\%!
Barefoot Sandals
—the better   kind,   "non-rip"
aides, best tan calf uppere—
Sizes   *l to    7  1-2  $1.50
Sizes    8 to 10 1*2  $1.76
Sizes   11   to    2  $2.00
These have welted elk holes. PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA "FEDERATIONIST
Varnish, Stains, Floor and Linoleum
Paint, Shingle Stains, Pure Exterior House
Paint—Selling at Wholesale Prices
Forward buying and cash buying are the reasons wo aro able to give
our customers those exceptional advantages today. Every article listed
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PURE BEADY-MIXED PAINT—Por exterior or interior painting; several shades of greys, greens, browns, slates, cream and white.
Ordinary shades, gallon $3.96   Dark green and white, gallon....$4.25
Puro Orange Shellac, quart $1.35   Pure Whito Sheilas, quart $1.45
INTERIOR OIL STAINS—All shades for floors and woodwork-
Gallons  $2.10        Half gallons.. $1.15        Quurt :.... 65c
PLAT WALL PAINT for interior walls nnd ceilings;  washable;   all
shades and white—
One gallon .... $3.50 Half gallon.. $1'.80        Quart 95c
VARNISH STAIN—For floors and woodwork; best quality-
Half gallon.... $1.90        Quurt   $1.00        Pint   66c
BEST HARD OIL VARNISH—Gallon, $1.76; half-gallon, $1.00; qts. 60c
FURNITURE VARNISH—No. 1 ouolity; gallon, $1.35; quart  46c
PURE CREOSOTE SHINGLE STAIN—Several shades of browns, reds
nnd greens;  browns,  reds,  etc.; 4-gallon  tins, a gallon, $1.10;  one-
gallon tins,   $1.40
PURE LINSEED Oil.—4-gallon tins, a gallon, $2.20; 1-gul. tins.... $2.30
PURE WHITE LEAD—25*1d. ironB; per ft '. °    17c
FLOOR OR VERANDAH ENAMEL PAINT—Highest grade; all colors-
Half gallon   $2.20     Quart   $1.16
LINOLEUM VARNISH—Best grade;   half gallon, $1.76;   quart, 96c;
pint, 66c.
BEST INTERIOR VARNISH—For all woodwork.    Gallon, $2.50; half-
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DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
'First Aid" Course in care of the teeth—
One of thc ilrst lessonB of this course statos that an expert
should be consulted promptly when any defect is evident—either
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There are many ailments to whicb you are subject which you
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Let me examine those defective teeth and advise you. As an
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X-Bay Alms taken If mms-
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Examination!   made   on
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Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown snd Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings Street Weit, Oor. Seymonr
Office Open Dally Until 6 p.m.
Our Spring Hat Has Arrived
We offer the latest Shapes and Shades in 1918
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, AT ONE PRICE, $3.00
Black & White Hat Store
CORNER HASTINOS AND ABBOTT STREETS
JAS.TH0MS0N&S0NS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
Bim
UNION
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TWIN BUTE! That's a name that you can depend on
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"Royal Standard Flour."
RIGID Laboratory tests are constantly made of both tho wheat before
it ia milled into thc famous "money-back" Flour, and thc Flour itself hae in turn to undergo an exacting analysis to ensure its measuring
up to the uniform high quality set for it.
THE sack that contains "ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR" is familinr
to thousands of families throughout British Columbia, and the well-
known trademark, "THE CIRCLE V" denotes tho dependable nature of
the Flour insido.
A "BOYAL STANDARD" LOAF is characterized by delightful flavor
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MILLED IN VANCOUVER BY VANCOUVER WORKERS
BOTH FLOURS AT ALL GROCERS
The GerniMi slMd behind th'lr «Mta»*  IhiU we stand behind otutf
—(Issued by'tho Canada Food Board)
fEDERATlONIST
The Irrepressible Conflict
Editor B. C. Federationist: The existence
of economic classes in society cinnot seriously be denied. Some effort has been made
to abolish classes throughout history but
economic classes have remained and must
remain until the economic causes which
create and perpetuate them are removed and
reform societies, churches, fraternal organizations can never do away with economic
classes as long as economic opportunity
continues to produco master and the worker,
millionaire and tramp, those who live without working and those who work without
living.
There are many classes of workers, but
the lines are clear enough betweon those
who proline.' the food, clothing and shelter,
and cannot get enough to eat or enough to
wear, and those who do no useful work and
get everything they need and more. Tho
line is clear enough between those who get
something for nothing and thoso who get
nothing for something.
The economic class war had its beginning
at tho commencement of slavery and it has
taken nn different forms until today wo see
that capitalism is both the economic and
political expression of the Interests of thc
in iih ter clnss and Socialism Is equally tbe
economic nnil political expression of the interests of the working class.
Ho long as tills system remains the workers cnn only bn workers with tho consent of
the masters. They cannot manage thoir own
industries or hove control of or appropriate
any of their own products far their own
usf. The working class is unconscious of
its power nnd 1ms not acquired the nit of
solidarity. Unconscious of their relations
to the exploiters they seem to be in n stage
of sleeping class consciousness. They may
bo hnlf awake, but thnt: is not enough. They
must become fully awake and rculizo their
relations to their fellow workers and how
they aro bound together for tho freedom of
themselves nnd their class. Tho individual
has reigned long enough. The dny has come
for society to tnke Its affairs into Its own
hands nnd shape Its own destinies,
The individual hns done tho best he
could. With the knowledge he had bo hns
pursued his natural course nnd should not
bo denounced or called names and society
should learn a lusson from of our great individual organizers and should follow up the
ideas of these men and try to improve on
their Inventions and organizations for the
benefit of tho whole of Bociety. This agelong class war Ib nenring its end nnd all
those who aro willing to Borvo in any way
will bo found togethor. All those who wish
to exact sorvico of others for which they
will not render any in return will also be
found together, and between tho,se two
classes th? economic and political battlo
must be fought out to a finish. Nothing but
unconditional surrender can end this war.
If the workers surrender the collapse of
capitalism will come just the same, but if
capitalism docs surrender the transformation to a new order will be mnde much
easier with less suffering. Then the workers will becomo the rulors and all men
and women must become useful workers,
serving others as they expect the serving
of othors, and the economic class linos will
disappear fnr all  time.
J.   HODGKINSON.
Nanaimo, B. C, April 20, 1918.
f building, so we will be able to Btand the
strain, for the stuff fed us In the jail would
not give us strength enough to sit for six
hours a day and listen to what great crim*
inuls we are.
This Ib going tn be tbe greatest labor
trial' ever held on the American continent.
We have the prosecution's goat already, for
as soon as our attorney mentions industrial
unionism or socialism the chief prosecutor
for the defence (a lawyer by the name
of Nebeker) whom the government borrowed
from the copper trusts, jumps to his feet
and objects. Oh how he would like to railroad overy man of us, and if we do not be
very careful he will.
Give my regards to all the bunch in Vancouver and just tell them for mo that this
Is the proudest year of my lifo. Just to
get a chance at the plutes and expose their
hand.
Best regards from all the class war prisoners In thiB old can.    I remain,
roars for ours,
A.  E.   SOPER.
Cook County Jail, Chicngo, 111., April 18.
"We Dol"
Editor B. C. Federationist: So you agree
1. That all disputed territory umong the
nations now at war should be -left to a
vote of tho peoplo as to which nation's subjects they shall be or become Independent
statest
_. That there should he no secret diplo
macy among nations after the war!
3. That all nations should abolish compulsory military training and military education In public schools, colleges and universities when peace Ik signed!
4. That if a League of Nations is formed
after thc war, and if anyone of them should
violate Nos. 2 and 3, that all the other nations break off all relations whatever with
said nation!
5. That the peoplo should be given the
opportunity to repudiate tho war debts!
6. Do you agree that the only way to
Insure permanent peace Is through social
ownership and democratic management of
the   things   that   are   collectively   used!
G. L KING.
Mlneola, B. C, April 16.
Cheated Ont of Wages.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: (Refused
publication In the Dally Provinco.)—Will
you pleaso publish this letter in the hope
that the authorities will give ub tho justice
which we otherwise cannot get!
The workmen of the Kllgard Fireclay company have been trying to got their wages.
which is all tho justice they ask. The above
company, after working nearly two years,
suspended operations the last of August,
1916, owing their men a large sum for
wages, and the two men who tried to
get it failed and, being one of th? two men,
I wish ta publish It in the hopo of getting
justice. We engaged a lawyer, and after he
had got three judgments he dropped the
case, in spite of certain ovidenco which I
gave hint. He told me that Mr. Hodge was
a friend of his and that is nil tho satisfaction I got there. So last April I called
on Mr. Hodge at the Standard Bank building and after trying to get satisfaction Mr.
Hodge told mo to go to hell. After working for this company for nearly two years,
when I was discharged for attempting to
collect back wages, tho company owing all
us men. The ^wo of us who attended to
trying to get our wages, gave thn lawyer all particulars, also the numbers of the
five cars of fire brick and sewer pipe which
the resident directors nllowed tho Western
Canada Powor company to take away without process of law and in view of tho fact
that the compnny knew it wns Insolvent, waB
undoubtedly making away with assets which
should have been for the benefit uf the
workmen. When I saw Mr, Hodge lu April,
of 1917, he told me he had sold $7,000
worth of brick and had paid the company's
debts and the fire Insurance; he did not
pay us in en, as thc company owed us nt
that time nearly $f>,000 in wages, proving
he lied. I claim that Mr. Hodge, as liquidator of this company, paid bis friends to
whom they owed money and let us men go.
In April, 1916, the president nnd directors
had a meeting at Kllgard, and Mr. Hodge,
who represented the debenture holders, read
us n statement In which he said that If
we signed It, they would pay us our back
wages nt certain dates, but the flrst 25 per
cent, was nil thnt was paid. None of us
were lawyers, and It seems they stacked the
cards. Now, if we cannot get justice without buying n lawyer, and I have tried two
of them. I think It Is time to flght back nt
such crooked outfits with any nnd every
means at our disposal, The president, Mr, Carter-Cotton, nnd thu directors. Mr. Mnthews, Mr. Hodge nnd C.
Macl.ure, were aware of nil the facts of
the ense. They must havo been. Also another director of the Cotton clan who wns
sprung on us In the lawyer's ofllce nt New
Westminster. If we men can be nllowed
to state nnd substantiate onr case I am not
nf mid of the result, for n mare crooked
piece of work would be hnrd to find, nnd if
wo cannot get justice then there is no
for tho   workors.
A. H. BARKER.
Engineer.
Lynn Valley, B. C.
Grand Jury a Safeguard.
Editor 13. C. Federationist: Tho resolution recently passed by the provincial legislature requesting the Federal government of
Canada to abolish thu grand jury In British
Columbia comes us a shock to ull believers
in this democratic system of justice. Coming tou ns It did nt n time when the whole
civilized world wus anxiously watching the
struggle In France between democracy as wo
huvu il and despotism us represented by
Germany.
A resolution asking tbnt one uf the grent
bulwarks of our freedom be removed dues
not seem lo me good evidence that at least
the government of British Columbia is er
deuvoring tu mako the world better for d<
mocracy. 'There appeared to be only tw
members who had the courago to speak
against It. Encyclopedia Britaimlca tolls us
the history of the grand jury goes to tho
dim uud distant past. Its growth follows
the slow ovolutlon of the liborty of tho
subject; it was reaffirmed with the signing
uf Magna Charta and handed down to us
us we have It today.
That a man cannot be charged under tho
luw for a crimo without a fair trial by his
peers as to whether thoro is evidence to sustain the charge beforo it goes to trial and
that without tho interference uf any lawyer
or judge. It protects him against any evil
or malicious prosecution. This is the principal duty of the grand jury, but its duties
are more; they seo after a man is sentenced
that he Is humanely treated. I understand
that in Great Britain they have a committeo whose duties aro to visit tho jails
and penitentiaries and seo that the prisoners
ure justly dealt with. If our grand jury is
pt nwny what body have we that can
assume this duty. The arguments against
the jury system mostly como from tho lawyers. Although you will find "somo lawyers
defending it, as did Hon. W. J. Bowsor.
lu an article on tho jury system in Tho
Federatlonist, by J. M. Hamilton, are the
following conclusions: "Arbitrary impeachments, arbitrary methods of prosecutions,
protended offences and arbitrary punishments upon arbitrary convictions havo ever
appeared to me tu be tho great engines of
judicial despotism, and these havo all relation   to   criminal   proceedings,''
"The trial by jury in criminal cases, aided
by tho Habeas Corpus Act, seems, therefore,
to be alone concerned in the question and
both of these are provided for in tho most
ample manner In the plan of tho constitution." The argument that it saves expense
falls flat, as every citizen knows who serves
as a grand juryman, and tho other, that It
was abolished In Saskatchewan, Ib equally
bad, as we find on the other hand that the
only large British possession not having a
grand jury Bystem is India, and I don't
think that BrltlBh Columbians care to copy
very much from either of those constitutions.
A commission nppointed by Great Britain
to etiqulro into the jury system reported In
favor of extending the pane) to all classes
of the community. And no class of tha
community is more vitally Interested than
the workingman in the grand jury system
being still a part of uur constitution, as by
It his right Is preserved of trial bir his fellow-man. Ab whero a difficulty arises strikes,
as in Nanaimo, he would have the benefit
of this system ns against a possiblo corporation lawyer.
The difficulty with the system Is that the
Attorney-General does uot act on ths presentment of tho grand jury. In the United
States the grand jury is instructed to investigate all matters affecting tho public In
their jurisdiction nnd their presentment Is
acted on and this, to my mind, would bo an
Improvement. I would suggest that It would
bo better to improve tho system than to
abolish It. As it is there is a safeguard
and should so remain. It stands as tho
judgment of twelvo us against the judgment
nf one. And wo know that no man Is Infallible.
I therefore urge that steps he taken to see
that the resolution us passed by tho legislature at Victoria goes no further. Let ub
strive to hold fast to whnt we hnvo and endeavor to make the bounds of freedom widar
}l'' w J. McMillan.
Vancouver, April 24, 1918.
DICK" RIGG IN CANADA'S ARMY
Attacks on Religion.
Editor of The Federatlonist: Ab one of
your subscribers wbo Is much interested
In present day problems nnd who has hnd
tho privilege* of knowing many labor lenders in mnny places, I write to enquire
whether "W. J. Curry" who, in your last
issue, makes n bitter nit ml; on religion
nnd the church, is the gentlemnn who U
president uf the ren-titly-nrgnnizcd Federated Lnbor Party of British Columbia! If
so, It seems to mnny tbnt he is making n
very unfortunate beginning and one thnt. If
persisted in. will alienate hosts of men nnd
women. This Is a (>oor time to mnke assaults on the  st universal Instlnot In the
humnn heart.
R. G. MncBETH.
Vancouver. April 22,  1918.
[Winnipeg Telegram]
R. A. Rigg, ex-M. L. A., for many years
secretary of the Winnipeg Trades and Lnbor
Council, one-time member of thc city council nnd up to today western vice-president
of the Trndes Congress of Canada, walked
Into the city hall  today—with a new title.
Privato R. A. Rigg Is now of tho Canadian expeditionary force, hnving joined tho
railway construction unit late yesterday
afternoon, passing tho medical officers with
flying colors.
He hns been nnd Is, one of Canada's leading advocates of the cause of labor, and has
suffered much of public criticism from time
to time fur demonstrating the courage of
his convictions In regard to the war—convictions which hnve always, howover, been
resolved into nn earnest and sincere advocacy of conscript ion of man-power, and
never in oppostlan to tho war ns a war for
n principle.
Questioned  as   to   his  reasons   for getting
into uniform, Privato Rigg snld: "The
reason I imvo enlisted is becnuse 1 hnd
come to the conclusion that It mattered
whether this wnr wsro won or lost. Some
three months ago, 1 signed my consent for
my hoy to enlist as a pilot in the Flying
corns, nnd when I did that 1 did ll with
full consciousness that I hadn't nny more
right to agree to send him to flght, than
fur myself to go.
"At the first Dominion Trades Congress a
month after the wnr hrok? out, the proceedings will show that at thnt time, at Ht.
John, a declaration nf policy wns 'determined upon then, which expressed tbe belief that there wns a principle involved in
th.' wnr, whieh demanded the undivided support of orgnnized labor. Thnt declaration
has been reiterated at three meetings
congress   since.
'One might say that as vice-president
of the Trades nnd Labor Congress 1 nm
making a sum >what belated response to thnt
pledge, but 1 nm doing It because I am
profoundly convinced that the best Interests
of democratic civilization cnn only be conserved nnd promoted by frustrating tb
purposes t-t German militarism. That fnct
hns been most strikingly exemplified by the
German attitude toward the new Russian
democracy.
"Now that I have devoted myself to
military matters. I am completing my list
of rMlgnationB, and hnve today forwarded
to headqunrlers nl Ottawa my resignation
ns vice-president of the Trndes and Labor
Congress ut Canada. I wns fhe jonly vice-
president west of Toronto. I nm also resigning from the municipal hospitals commission and the plnygrounds commission."
at San Francisco, "and I think I speak
the language of moderation, that, while there
have been miscarriages of justice nnder
every poUtlcal system, while there have been
perversions of justice, while Innocent men
have been condemned not merely through
mistake, but through conspiracy, nevertheless I state deliberately that this conviction of Thomas Mooney Is the most glaring
perversion of justice In the whole history
of jurisprudence in America or in England
or In any other country in tho world.
"Every other execution or conviction haB
been attended at least by circumstances
which justified the pretense that the judges
were executing the law. Hero the constituted authorities themselves agree ln declaring that a conviction involving the life
of a human being has been brougbt about by
perjury, and the supreme court of the state
declares that it can only examine the record
of what occurred at the trial; that it has
no power to consider subsequent disclosures,
which show that the record is a record of
perjury and crime.
"According to their decision, the court,
created to defend tho lives and liberties of
the people, announce themselves powerless
to meet and overthrow a conspiracy betwoen
a few wretches of tho underworld and somo
leaders, so-called, of the upper world."—The
Carpenter.
UKASE!
Representative govornment has long beon
much of a farce. In Canada. We have grown
accustomed, not to say reconciled, to having our alleged servants go through thn
motions of popular law-making while doing
the behests of their real masters. Wo are1
therefore not likely to be unduly agitated
over actions of our prosent governors tending to economy In tho matter of parliamentary formalities. Orders-ln-councll hnve
many advantages over acts of parliament.
Time Is saved, awkward questions In debate
avoided, possiblo amendments obviated, publlo curiosity unnrouscd until after tho event.
The "Knock-out Blow" to tbe illusion of
representative government comes with peculiar grace from a government whicli achieved offico as this one did, and which tnkes
Its ordors from Toronto nnd Downing street,
Or, since "Unity of Commerce" is the order of the day, should wo say, from Cnrme-
llto House! In any case, parliament Is put
In its propor place. Its memberB nre denied even tho role of the useful rubber
stamp. Tho duma is dissolved. By ukase
tho selective draft principlo, which mad.
conscription palatable to many people Inst
December, Is considerably modified, snch
safeguards as tho exemption courts afforded
largely withdrawn, boys of ninetoen automatically absorbed into tho army. By ukase,
public criticism, through pross or platform,
can be promptly squelched on the word of
one mon.
By ukase, criticism by members of parliament may be consorcd by the Bpoaker,
erased from the records, nnd so held from
public knowledge
Thus is Canada being made safe from
democracy. Wo shall doubtless continuo to
receive these manifestations of democratic
idealism with tho snme Christian meekness
nnd fortitude whicli wo have always shown
under similar visitations.—S. J. Farmer In
Tho Voice.
FATE OF EMPIRES
"The traveller standing amid thc ruins
of ancient cities and empires seeing on
evory side the fallen pillars and the prostrate wall, asks why did these cities crumble! And tho ghosts of the past, thc wisdom of tho ages answer: "These temples,
these palaces, those citios, tho ruins which
you stand upon, were built by tyranny and
Injustice. Tho hands that built them were
unpaid. Tho backs that bore the burden
also bore the marks of tho lash. They were
built by slavs to satisfy the vanity and
ambition of thieves and robbers. For these
reasons they are dust. Their civilization
was a lie. Their laws merely regulated
robbery and established theft. Thoy bought
and sold tho bodies of men, and tho mournful wind of desolation, sighing around their
crumbling ruins, Is a voice of prophetic
warning to thoBO who would repoat tho Infamous experiment, uttering tho grent truth,
that no nation founded upon Blavery, either
of body or mind, can stand."—From Robert
G. Ingersoll on "Doom of Empires,"
bowels of the earth and do not do as much
aB humanly can be done to safeguard their
liyes, and many of them annually perish,
should not that be called cold-blooded murder, and are yoa not cold-blooded murderers t Yerlly, I know no other name for you.
And when yon pay the daughters of your
poorer brothers, a wage so meagre that for
bread enough to live and raiment enough to
clothe their slender bodies they must add to
your miserable pittances by descending into
the lowest depths of degradation, Ib there a
word in our language which adequately expresses your vilenessf If* there be such a
word, I have not found it yet, but I will Invent one, and apply it to you—soul-murder-
And ye profiteers, past masters In all the
dirty tricks of trade robbery, how do yon
stand in relation to the Lawf How have
you loved and served your brother man!
By meana of the power which your hoard-
. wealth has given you, yon have raised the
people's necessities to such a price that tbelr
children must go short of the very things
their fathers produced in order to swell still
more your accursed bank account.
Surely you are the very climax of the gluttony of robbery and the kingdom of heaven
Ib Indeed far from you.
Ol ye beings with a shape like unto man's,
but who are lower than the beasts which rob
and slay only to the extent that thoir present
and pressing needs demand, does not the significance of my text at last begin to dawn
upon you and penotrato!
Yo monsters of greod, who are responsible
for nlnoty and nine por cent, of tho crimes
that sully this fair oarth, surely your sweating dens whore emaciated Womon slowly die
to livo; your fattened feeble-minded, fur-bedecked women with their silly charities; your
lies, and cringing hypocrisies; your potty ty-
granules; your corruption and your robberies;
your cross and Inconceivable Ignoranco of
things otornal; your whole paltry lives from
start to finish are indeed abominations In tbo
sight of God.
Ol ye blind hoarders of wealth, con you
feel that your steel-bound rooms, your patent
safes, ond your clammy vaults where rest
your spoils in fancied security, aro but the
prisons nnd tho tombs of your own souls!
"For where n man's treasure is thoro will
be his soul also." What do you think will
bo tho end of It all! Tho world Is fast
whirling to a crisis. It Is timo you paused
in your mod folly and began to think, thnt is
If your organ of thought has not atrophied in
tho long nge of greed's misrule.
And ye priests and prelates, yo divines and
cors of God, why havo you left It to mo to
prench the sermon! Did you not think tbe
souls of your patrons woro worth saving!
Do you know nothing of tho Law! Havo you
not montbed mnny a time, "God Is Lovo,"
and yet you'havo lot thoso rich fools drift
on tbe river of their folly to n sure damnation!
Tou have lectured the poor about the
crime of indulging in strong drink, and you
hnve passed laws to prevent thom committing tho crime, but when at tho tables of tbo
mighty havo you reproved your bants nnd
yqiir hostess?r for thoir gluttony In ontlng
and in drinking, though tho stench of their
breath nnd their bloated bodios have proclaimed their guilt!
If you have not done so then you have
betrayed the Master and He hns labelled you
whitod sopulehros, polished marbles on the
outside; death, decay and stench within.
It may not yot be too late, ye vicars of
God, for mercy is twin-slstcr fo Love.
Repent then and from everv pulpit of tho
enrth preach The Low; and this inevitable
result nf broken law, this nightmare of the
ages, this climax of earth's mndness; tbis
orgy of slaughter may pass nwny without
leaving utter destruction nnd love In our
time, may begin its rulo.
It rests with you, Ol vicars of God.
It ts your responsibility.
May Love's roign commence.    Amen I
ROME.—Tho crews of a German submarine squadron mutinied in the North Sea
and returned unexpectedly to their bnse.
The Innd forces would not permit tho crews
to come ashore, Italian newspapers learned
todny from German sources.
THE SERMON
"Jerry"   Still in  the  Ring.
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: .lust a few
lines tu let you know 1 nm still safe nnd
sound In Ibis bastile. erected by labor,
keep Just jiuch labor men ns myself In.
presont there are 87 of my fellow workers,
including myself, in here. On April 28, 1918.
wo will be in seven months and hnvo just
started th? show. Every morning nt 9
o'clock we nre hundciiffed In pairs nnd hauled In patrol wagons fo the federal building
for our trials. WO used up n venire of lfiO
prospective jurors, then ndjourned for oni
week. We are now on our second batch of
200 this time. I would like to send you a
daily report of the ease bnt I am afraid you
might nit get them. However, if yon think
they will arrive saf'ty, nothing would give
me greater pleasure.
You know I received the "Fed." every
week, nlso my cctlmnte, Hardy, and It is
rrad by everyone of the bunch. Then one
of the fellow workers by tho namo of Me-
Kutchen sends it to Arizona from here, so
you seo It Ir put to good use.
We  aro   fod  two meals  in     tho    federal"
THE MOONEY CASE
The refusal of the supreme court of California to grim I n new trial to Thus. .1.
Mooney called forth caustic criticism from
Bourke Cochran, the celebrated New York
lawyer, In a speech Inst month In which he
declared thnt everyone hut the conspirators
admitted thnt Mooney is the victim of a
ronRpirncy, but thnt he Is fated to die "because the California state supremo court
h-ltl tbnt nothing was of Importance to It
except thnt the legal machinery of the stnte
should function with smoothness    and
precision."
This reference to the court wns becnuse
It refused to consider pSTjury charges
agninst the state's chief witness (Oxman) nn
the ground tbnt as the charges were developed after the Mooney trial, and therefore were not in tbo record of the court
thnt tried Mooney, It could not consider the
question. "I say to you," continued Mr.
Cochran, who aided In th? Moonoy defence
[By Nemesis]
Text:    "It Is easier for  a   camel to go
through the eye of a needle than for a rich
man to enter Into tho kingdom of heaven,
Ol ye mad money-mongers and earth s rul-
i.   Yo seekers after the soft places and the
tblngs   which  have no  substance whilo  tho
fountain of eternal Truth, springing at your
very feet from tho hidden heart of things,
parkles and murmurs in vain to your gross
senses—I havo a word in Beoson for you.
I do not deal^vlth tinselled 1-Jes and pleasing platitudes, aimed ot tbe extraction from
your fat fingers of n fow of your Ill-gotten
dollars. I shall interpret for you Law—the
law which is eternal and immutable and
which no man may periBtently break without
suffering overwhelming sorrow and eternal
death. ,„
If I mention Lovo to yon, you will confound it with that grosser, material love
which you may have known and will roply,
"Loi I have lovod." Yet you have neither
loved nor lived; you havo only breathed and
wallowed in the lusts of life. But that you
may catch my meaning, I will firBt put It to
you In fable form that evon your groBB senses
may catch a glimpse of thc reality of-Truth.
In that dim and distant age when tho man-
animal had just evolved from consciousness
Into solf-consclousnoBB and reason and soul
woro born in him and he becamo man, ho,
yot In a dim Instinctive way know that he
was unfinished. The enrth was warm and
kind, and he wanted for no material thing,
but It was his soul that stirred within him,
undeveloped and incomplete, and filled htm
with the undefined, mysterious longing for
completion. '
Then an angel came, all unseen, to him.
She wub as radiant as the dawn of day ln
tbat fresh young world, and her raiment was
of all tho colors of the dawn, and across her
breast in n soft radiance as If tt glowed from
a light within her, pure and undeflled shone
the legend, "God'B first Law, universal
Love."
Rho dropped a Bred of that great Lovo
Into the man's heart and smiled and tho men
drew himself up nnd smiled too, as If his
soul had leapt within him.
But ns ho moved away with buoyant step
the shadow of Greed, grim and sinister bent
above him, and dropped Into his heart a
black seed ond It rested thero beside the
shining seed of Love.
The angel saw thc shadow and tho seed,
nnd a tear rolled down her choek and foil
upon the legend on her breast. Her lips
moved ns if In a prayer, and thus she
sighed:
"O. God I the long centuries of struggle
nnd of grief that lln before him."
But soon sho smiled onco moro.
"My seed shall conquer In the end and choke
out the growth of greed, for that Is Law, and
Law works out to the Inevitable end In the
fnir, glad day of man's bright destiny."
Ol ya mad money-mongers has the deep
significance of my text novor penotratod beneath your thickened skins, or have you
waved it OBldo with a muttered "nouBenRp."
Probably, but now examine ths moaning more
closely under thot universal Law of Lov-
whlch is God's law.
Ry that law no man Is entitled to more of
this world's goods than he cnn earn; but yon
could never earn whnt yon possess In many
centuries! therefore you hav? taken from
your brother men abundantly of their sustenance, nnd hnvo foiled the Law ond nro outcasts from tho law and In heaven are counted
as degenerates.
Verily It Is hard for thieves to enter the
Kingdom of Heaven. Do not think that because you hove usurped the power to filch
from thy brother thnt which he has justly
earned, that, existing conditions nra right.
Sueh a thnnght Ir more folly and will not
benefit your souls In tho doy of their trial.
The rich mnn In his spasm of selfish fear
asked tho Master what ho Bhould do to Inherit eternBl life and he wob told to conform to tho Law, the first necessary stop to
do which was to restore to Its rightful nw-
ners the whole of his Ill-gotten goods. Did
he do It! Would nny of you do it If you
were told by the Master today to do fhe snmo
thingi Yon simply could not for with the
possession of riches come overweening selfishness, Idleness nnd the inability to provido
for the needs of tbe body by honest toll,
Now do you begin to see the significance
of my text I
Do not think that your paltry cheques,
given In the nam? of charity, will aid you
In the least In spite of the dulcet flstterles
of yonr sycophantic divines, who mal-admln-
iRter to your spiritual needs. It Is doubtful
If tho sncrlfico of your wholo wealth could
materially ense th' woight of guilt your rouIh
carry for you cannot buy conformity to Thi
Low.
Agoln, In defiance of tho Law, you mak.
puny, human laws and punish yonr brothers
for tho rsiuo clsss of offences wblch you commit yourselves, and your gallows, your prl
sons and asylums aro the logical outcome of
your acts. When you sond your day slaves
to  the  top of high  buildings  and  Into the
PBIDAY April 26, 1918
YOU'RE    TBE    JUDGE!
of the statement that our Offlce Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stock Is the best
In B. G. Come ln tnd look us overt
8X7 VIEW ST.
3ellD fresh oobc
acco.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVE NEW TABLES—
(Brans wlek-Belke Collender Oo.)
—Headquarters for Union Men—
Union-made    Tobaccos,    Cigars    ud
Cigarettes
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STREET
One Block weat of Court Hoiwti
Uae of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free to  all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour 8*86
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phone us day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
a*j. to.ve-6
Union Station
BEBT
COAL
Mined on Paciilc Ooaat
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
rail. 1800       1629 Main Street
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TBADBS AND LABOB COUNCIL—MEETS
flrst and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, Hr. J. Kelly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; secretary and business agent,
V. B. Mldgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; aer-
Eant-et-ams, J. F. Poole; trustees: J. H.
oVety, W. B. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, F.
A. Hoover.
ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES COUNCIL—
Meeu iteaad Mtnday in the month. Preeldent,  Gee. Bartley; secretary, B. H. Nee*
lands, P.O. Box «.
JOUBNETMEN BABBEBS' INTEBNA-
tienal Umltn of America, Loeal No. ISO—
Meeta eoeond and fonrth Taeadaya ta. tha
month, Bom 306, Labor Temple. Prealdeat,
L. E. Herrltt; iecretary; 8. H. Grant, 1071
Alberni street.
BBOTHEBHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOCAL
No. 617—Meets every aecond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Laber Temple.
President, B. W. Hatley, phone Fair. 2I92L;
financial secretary, 0. Thom; recording aeo*
retary, J. R. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Phone   Bey.   7495
BBOTHEBHOOD OF BOILEB MAKEBB
and Iron Ship Builders aad Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preildent, A, Campbell, 220 Seeond itreet; aeeretary-treaanrer,
Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe atreet; basiaeas
agent. J. H. Oarmlchael, Roomi 212, Labor
Temple.
COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES,
Local 28—Meets every first and third
Wednesday at 2:80 p.m.; second and fourth
Wednesdays at 9:00 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Fred. Harris; secretary and business agent, Wm. Mackensle, Boom 209, Labor
Temple. Office hours, 11 to 12 noon; 2 to
S p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No. 820—
Meeta every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J. B. Flynn, 810 Moodie
stroet, New Westminster; vice-president, P.
Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meete in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording
secretary, John Murdock, Labor Tavple;
financial aeeretary and business agent, TJ. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8652—OUce and hall, 804
Ponder Btreet west. Meets every Friday,
8 p.m. Seorotsry-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business  agent, L.  Marsh. i
I. L. A., LOCAL 88.82,1" AUXILIARY—
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 486 Howe street-
Meets flrat and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, B. Winch.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 648—Meots
first and third Tuesdays of eaeh month,
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lane; recording secretary, E. Lofting; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, S87 Homer street.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America {Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets seeond and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President, Bay
MeDougall, 1928 Grant street; flnanclal secretary, J. Lyons, 1648 Venablee street;
recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247
Point Grey road. Phone Bayvlew 297BL..
SHIPYARD LABORERS, FASTENERS AND
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union 38A, Series
G—Moots the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; flnanclal secretary, M. A. Plielps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W.  Hardy.    Offlce,    Room 219-220,    Labor
Temple.	
STREET AND ELECTRIC BAILWAY  EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, K. S. Cleveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street,
Phone High. 16BR; flnanolal secretary and
business agont, Fred. A. Hoover 2409 Clark
drive, bfflw corner Prior and Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN     TAILORS'     UNION    OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday ln each month, 6 p.m. Preeldent, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, W.
Larson; recording secretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608; financial secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Boi 608.	
GENERAL TEAMSTERS' AND CHAUF-
fenrs' Union, Local No. 656—MeetB every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. J.
Brown; business agent, J. F. Poole, 416
Twenty-first avenue east, Phone Fair. 715R;
financial eecretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Robson stroet. Phono Sey. 6679. Offlce, 587
Homer street.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Meet*
laBt Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordnn; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,
Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU In
annual convention in January. Executive
officers, 1918-10: President, Duncan McCallum, Labor Tomple, Vancouver; vice-proal-
dentB—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Ruport, W, E. Thompson; Vancouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Fernio. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, Box
1538, Victoria, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Lnbor Council—Moots first and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, North
Park Btreet, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T. Dooley; seeretary-
trensurer, Christian Sivertz, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B. C.
PRINCE BUPERT. B.  0.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Conncil—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall.
Presidont, B. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 273, Prince Rnpert, B. 0.
SOUTH WELUNOTOM. V. I.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets second and fourth Sundaya of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident, Walter Head; vice-president, Andrew
Parker; recording iecretary, James Bateman;
flnanclal secretary, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
The B. 0. Federationist Is produced entirely hy Cowan ft Brookhouse, printers to The B. 0. Federatlonist.   Tel. Bey. 4490.
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..April 26, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
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1.ATTA, R. P., 837 Goro Avonje    Seymour 1039
MAIN PRINTINO CO.. 8851 M»tn Street   - —Fttrmont 1988
McLKAN St SHOEMAKER, Nortk Vinoonyer.   N.   Vln.   68
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Voncouvor. -  N. Vln. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 500 Beatty Stroet -./. — Seymour 9592
ROEDDE, Q. A., 616 Homer Streot   Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHINO CO., 817 Cambie Street. „ Seymour 6509
SUN JOB PRESSES, 137 Pender Stroet  Seymour 41
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Beatty Street   Seymour 8825
TIMMS, A. H., 230 Fourteenth Avenue East — Fairmont 821R
WARD, ELLWOOD St POUND, 818 Homer Street  Seymour 1515
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO,, 572 Granvillo Streot Seymour 8526
WHITE St BINDON, 528 Ponder Street West - Seymour 1214
Write *'Union Label" on Tour Oopy when Ton Send It to tbe Priater
_ The one big thing that you can do, and which you ought
to do, is to patronize those merchants who patronize your
paper by advertising in The B. 0. Federationist.1
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courtoous Attendants
Trovel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTBIOT PASSENOEE AOENT, 60S HASTINOS W., VANOOUVER
Telephone Seymour 8482
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands. Thc
finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who
have gone in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Land Cruiser
PACIFIC OBEAT EASTEBN BAILWAY
WELTON BLOCK VANCOUVEB, B. O.
I
IP
South  Wellington   Miners
WiU Celebrate on
May Day
Pure Malt and Fruit
Cascade Beer
A PURE MALT BEVERAGE
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
MILD AND REFRESHING
Alexandra Stout
THE BEVERAGE THAT BENEFIT*
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
A Wise Chinaman, Cracked
Liberty Bell and Many
Other Things
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., April 23.—
At the regular meeting of Local 872, U. M.
W. of A., held Sunday evening, tho dis-
cuBHJon centred'around the recent attempt of
tho miners of Vancouvor Island to gat In
on the conference held at Ottawa on tho
17th iiiKt botwoen tho renowned T. W.
Crothors and the miners of this broad Dominion. The action of tho executivo camo
in for severe criticism for acting upon the
matter without calling a meeting. It wbb
pointed out thore was not time to got a
meeting together and the executive explained
the circumstances and claimed tbat they had
done thoir best.
Oreat dissatisfaction was shown ovor the
great expense that was Inourrod in setting out
upon what proved to be a fool's errand.
However, the bill has been forwarded to
President McCallum of the B. C. Fedoration
of Labor, who Is going to take up the matter of moeting tho expense with Minister of
Labor Crothers, at whoso invitation tbe expense wbb incurred. Some of our membership were of the opinion that Mr. Crothers
will not accept responsibility, but the writer
is of the opinion that. he should meet the
expense, for it Ib not just to Our local
union to attempt to make them pay for Mr.
Crothers' mistakes. He had asked for representatives of tho Vanpouver Island Minors and Local 872 got tnose representatives
In Vancouver in the shortest possibb time,
and if tlie Department of Labor Ib not going to foot that bill, we want to know who
is. We shall see what we shall ace, and In
the future we wtl] exerclsa a little more
care in dealing wtth eels. .
Day Celebrated.
ThiB matter being cleared up, or at least
left temporarily in the air, the May Day
celebration committee took the centre of
tho stage and reported great progress. They
had obtained in the neighborhood of $200 in
cash and prises. The band is engaged and
will meet the morning train, afterwards journeying to the various parts of the camp,
whon thoy will finally lead tho procession
from the hall to the sports ground.
The U. M. W. of A. of Ladysmith and
South Wellington and the Federated Labor
party of Nanaimo and South Wellington aro
working hand-in-hand to make the day a
success. The South Wellington branch of
the Federated Labor party is going to bring
Chas. Lestor over to help out in the speaking. The other speakers will bo Jas. H.
Hawthornthwaite and Dave Rees, international organiser for the U. M. W. of A.
A large programme of sports Is boing
drawn up and sevoral flrst aid competitions
will  be staged.
Tho management of the local mine is being asked to contribute a prize for tho flrst
aid competition, our membership being of
the opinion thut Inasmuch as men are injured in their mines tho least they can do
is to give a little encouragement to those
who spend their spnro time in practising
flrst aid to tho injured.
Tho day will be rounded off by a danco, to
bo held in the local hall in the ovening, and,
according to presont indications, a howling
success can be oxpected.
Wo have noticed during our meandorings
upon this terrestrial ball that the genus
homo Is noted for celebrating various* annual
events, most of which are festivals In honor
of somo ruler. These celebrations generally
make known to ub the fact that we are
rulod. We have the Irishmen fighting regularly twice a year ovor the question of
whether they will be ruled by a dead Dutchman or a live Dago, and other dayB are
set apart for tho purposo of celebrating the
fact of us being a part of this, that, or the
other ruling class aggregation. We have
Umpire, days, Dominion days and the like,
but the one day of all tho yeur thut shu-ild
command the respect and attention of the
workers, viz., the First Df May, is
li rated tho least.
This is tho ono dny of the year when we
celebrate tlio principlo of the brothorhood
of man, nnd the nbolition of all hereditary
rulers. Wo Bay: "Workers of tho world
unite." We echo the memorable words of
Tom Paine: "The world is our country
And whenever tho workers of the whole
world learn to celebrate this one day, wi
will be nblo to safely soy that autocracy',
death-knell is sounded. It hns heen well
snid that "tho darkest hour is before tho
dawn," and surely tlio dawn will break ere
long, for we are passing through thc darkest
hour of tho world's existence. Never wns
mitocrucy moro rampant than nt the presont
time. The workers nevor had nn extra large
slice of that wonderful thing called liberty
and they have less now than ever. We
don't know what Li Hung Chang would say
now if he could como bnck from tho grave
and onco again visit this land of the free.
After his visit to the United States some
years' bro, ho snid: "They showed mo n
beautifully'shaped boll, whioh Ib in Independence ball, and Is called tho Boll of Liberty,
which means thnt at its ringing all men
within sound*of Its voice know thoy are
free. But they do not ring it any moro because it is crncked. Is liberty cracked
also!" We nr.* of tho opinion that wero the
old fellow to come hero now he would wonder whother liborty wns burnteil wide open.
The ohnncos nre that he would bo arrestod
ns a Gorman spy.
We saw nn advertisement for U. S. war
saving certificates a short timo ago. A war
savings certificate was reproduced, Upon
this certificate thero woro fourteen spaces
upon which the $5 stamps were to be placed.
In each space there was a design purporting
to be the torch of liberty, and inset thoro
wns a picture of the kaiser and his legions,
underneath, in largo letters, were the words,
"Stamp on tho kaiser and his legions." But
we noticed that in placing the war stamp
on the certificate to stamp out the kaiser,
etc., tho torch of liberty was also stamped
out, and we really began to wonder whether
the designer of that ad. had received some
Inspiration unknown  to himself.
We are lod to believe thst men In Nanalmo
have boen exempted from military service,
provided thoy lost no moro than two days
per month. On with the morry game I Give
us what we voted fori
We also notice that various U. 8. organizations are taking a day off as a protest
against the treatment the Mooneys are receiving at the hands nf tho San Francisco
thugs.
We notice, by last week's Fed., that a
search warrant is out for the executive of
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
We nre anxious that tbey be found, because
a wire was sent to President Walters on
April 14 asking him to protest against tht
actions of T. W. Crothers in fooling tho Vancouver Island Minors. So far wo have received no word back, nnd we aro equally
in the dark upon whnt tho miners did in
their conf?roncn with tho government on
tho 17th Inst. So if Tho Federatlonist hears
anything ahout the aforementioned gentle
men. we would ho extremely grateful If they
would let us know whether they are dead
or only sleeping,
work of ten men on that basis. Nelson
Gay, wbo was employed at the yard as
a caulker/is the inventor of the ma*
chine and iB now in the East superintending their manufacture.
Like riveting "guns" and those 'used
aB hammers and such like, the caulking
machine is driven by air, fed through a
hose from a compressor line. The
"gun" is double action. The principle
is similar to that of a sewing machine.
The oakum used is received in a woven
state and women are employed to arrange the material in hanks, which are
fed into the machine on one side. The
machine travels on threo small wheels
and the oakum is twisted automatically
as it is driven into the seams. When
each seam is filled the machine travels
back to drive the oakum home. It ib
said that when in service on the side of
a vessel it operates as satisfactorily as
on deck.
Mr, Clarkeson said 'there are about
300 orders placed by Pugot Sound build-
era alone and some time will elapse before they can be filled. The machine
now in operation is the first received on
the coast and several more are promised
in the next few weeks.
A number of caulkers will be given
the machines, each caulker having a
helpor. Not only is the machino much
speedier than hand caulking, says Mr.
Clarkeson, but the cost of caulking one
of the big wooden hullB will be lowered
to Httlo moro than one-tonth of what
some hulls have represented.
1 PACK! HOI
EMPLOYES GET
Big Difference in Amount
Received by Workers
and Shirkers
Throughout Canada
LN
Ten Men Eliminated By a
New Appliance Used
in Shipbuilding
Tests of a pneumatic caulking mn-
liino ut ihe Vancouver, Wash., yard of
tho G. M. Standifer Constriction Corporation resulted In .1100 feet nf single,
thread oakum being driven homo. One
tost on timo showed 35 feet of ono
BOfim on dock was completed in three
und a half minute".
James F, Clarkson, general manager
of the plant, suid tho machine, which is
tho flrst of thoso boing manufactured to
bc tried in thiB territory, would do tho
Six hundred and fifty school teachers
in Winnipeg aro affected by a 15 per
cent, advance in salaries,
Canada's total gross debt at the ond
of February wob $1,996,393,358. Assets
were $987,012,889. leaving a net debt
of $1,010,780,740.
A campaign is now on ia Calgary to
organize all auto electricians and mechanics in the district in connection
with the International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers and big results are
expocted.
The C. P. O. S. Bteamers Empress of
Asia and EmpreBs of Bussia have beon
commandeered by the naval authorities,
says Victoria advices. The order has
already gone forth that future sailing
dates of these ships have been cancelled.
There wero 11,872 male employees in
Canadian banks on January 25, 1918,
and 6,755 females. Sevoral thousand
women havo been added to the staffs
of these banks, aud aro still being
added to replace the 7,742 men who
have up to date enlisted or been drafted for overseas. Exit thc bank clerk,
ho has had his day.
A daily press dispatch from Toronto
announces that Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of
Labor, will address the Canadian Club
at Ottawa und tho Trades and Labor
council of that city and speak twice
Inter in Montreal this week-end upon
tho attitude of ^he trndos unionists of
the United States towards thc war.
Brantford _ labor mayor is, maying a
fine record in the Telephone City. Ho
waB one of thc aldermen who last year
had a knack of doing things in the
municipal council and did not hesitate
to take the initiative in regard ~to
measures looking towards relief from
tho high cost of living, and especially
in regard to securing an ample fuel
supply at moderate coBt, if possible,
Five years in thc penitentiary with
hard labor was tho sentonce imposed by
Magistrate Davidson, Calgary, on three
military service objectors, Edwin Hon-
gen, Wm, J. Cassidy and B. Brennan.
The men had persistently refused to
won? uniforms and had resisted in
overy way the authority of the militnry
authorities to whom they were ordered
to report.
Thc Allied Printing Trades Council
of Begina, Edmonton, Calgary and
Winnipeg have been invited to send
fraternal delegates to tho Calgary convention of the Western Canada Conference of Typographical Unions. Invitations havo also been extended to
Vancouver Unions nnd the executive
officers of the Ontario and Northwestern conferences.
In view of the impending call to thc
colors of nil unmarried men and. widowers between the ages of 20 and 23, par
ticulnr attention is directed to the duties of employers us luid down by the
military service regulations, says an Ottawa dispatch. Tlie regulations stipulate that "it shall be the duty of every
employer to make enquiries to see if he
has any man in his employ who has
failed to respond to the call.'1'
Tho International Brotherhood of
Painters, Decorators und Pnperhangers
is steadily progressing on this side
of the international border line as is
shown by tho fact that tho number of
loeal unions in Cnnnda has increased
to 28 and four others nre in process
of organization at tho present time,
which makes a very crodiblo showing
over tho corresponding period in 1917.
Apparently the dope handed out
about tho necessity of importing Chinese coolies into Canada because of u
shortage of farm lnbor does not hold
good in Alberta as, uccording to tho
recently established proviaciul labor
bureau, it has beon nble to more than
supply all the demands made upon it
this spring. Already 751 farm laborors have been placed iu positions with
wages ranging from $00 to $70 u
month;
At the last moment, aftor it hnd
generally been accepted that tho master
tailors would meet the demands of the
Winnipeg Journeymen Tailors' union
in regnrd to higher wages and a Saturday half-holiday, a number of the
large employers refused to meet thc
views of the organization, with thn result thut men nnd women ulike walked
out nnd tho tio-.ip which followed is
us complete as it possibly could be.
LABOR UNREST IN U. S.
BEYOND LEADERS CONTROL
So Say Congressmen in Passing Sabotage Bill Now Ready for
President
The U. S. sabotage hill, currying penalties
of thirty yenrs' imprisonment nnd flues of
810,000 for injuring wnr matorlala or Interfering With wnr industry wun made ready
fur the president's signature when the
seniite acooptJd a conference report eliminating provisions designed to punish strikers on wnr contracts.
Charges that the labor situation fa gutting
beyond [lie control of lnbor nfllcinls, flnd
thnt congress Khould tnke the matter in
hand so the wnr can lie prosecuted in this
country without delay, wero mndo todny
whon thu conference  roport on tho hill  wns
,lled up for consideration,
.Senator Sherman, ot Illinois, asserted
thnt   Htrikcs   are   occurring  with   "alarming
froquonoy," and   that   labor   leaders   havo
Inst  control  of their men.
Eight Hundred a Year for
Employees, $40,000 for
Employers
The eight-hour day, wage Increase and
equal pay for like work by men and women
woro granted Chicago packing house employees at Chicago last weok by Judge Samuel Alschuler, arbitrator In the recont wage
tearing hero. Several other demands of the
workers also were granted. The award was
made on the six principal points raised by
the employees. The award on wages was as
follows:
Effective January 14, 1918. the wages of
all hourly wage workers shall be increased
from __ cents to 4^ conts an hour, the
larger amount going to those who had been
earning 80 cents an hour or less. Piece
workors aro to receive a proportionate percentage Increaso, and, in all cases, the rates
are to be adjusted bo that tho compensation
of the new eight-hour day shall at loast equal
that formerly paid for ten hours' work.
Wage rates Bhall be the same for men and
women doing the sarao class of work.
The following figures, bronght 0ut during
the hearing, show a slight difference between
tho salaries of the men who control and manage tho packing industry and the packinghouse employees, whoso daily recreation consists of hard labor for a generous number of
hours for a pittance which will pay not much
more than 50 per cent, of a decent living.
The figures were submitted during tbe arbitration hearings and therefore are bona fide
and authoritative. They show indeed the insatiable greed of labor and the modest demands of men Iu charge who consider $16 per
week adequate recompense, even If such munificent compensation compels the fortunate
recipient of this princely reward to celebrate.
The annual wages to the packing house employees average |680, provided they toll
every day In the year. Swift A Co., for instance, pay their help at an average of
$849.70 per year; Morris & Co. pay $832
>er year and Armour & Co. pay but $810
ior year. The employees in the packing-
louses, 8B a result, have the doubtful privilege of worrying along on an average of
about $16 a week, provided they work every
day, which in many instances is not the case.
Tell-tale Figures
The following list of salaries paid to some
officials in a number of plants will serve as
a basis of comparison with the magnanimous
wako paid to tho men and women behind the
guns.
The following annual salaries are paid by
Armour & Co. to some of Its officials: P. K.
White, vice-president, $40,000; E. A. Valentino, manager of the soap department, $20,-
000; Arthur Meeker, vice-president, $20,000;
R. C. Howe, manager of tho Omaha plan,
$15,000; P. W. Croll, treasurer, $16,000;
James Brown, $16,000, and Manager Wilson
of the various branch houses, $17,000.
At Cudahy Ss Co, the salaries are as follows: E. A. Cudahy, $41,666.07; H. F. Wllklns, $20,000; K. A. Strauss, $41,582.16; G.
C. Shspard, $20,000; M. B. Murphy, $12,-
000; J. C. McNaughton, $10,500; E. A.
Cudahy, jr., $10,000; Henry Hunton,
$10,000.
They receive these tips at Wilson & Co.:
Thos. E. Wilson, $97,855.55; J. A. Hawkln-
son, $25,480.61; V. D. Sklpworth, $12,-
115.29; Samuel Granenhelmer, $15,144.19;
J. Moog, $10,192.43. |
Here are the sad remains for the official
of Swift & Co., after dividends, bonuses and
oth.T profits are paid: Louis P. Swift, $40,.
250; Edw. P. Swift, $25,000; L, A. Carton,
$25,000; Chas. H. Swift, $19,375; O. P.
Swift, jr., $19,875; P. A. Powler, $16,000;
W. Leavltt, $15,000; A. It. Fay, $18,400; F.
J.  Kitchell,  $11,641.55.
At Morris & Co, thoy must make both ends
meet as wollows: Nelson Morris, $42,525.59;
Edw. Morris, jr., $42,525.69; C. M. McFarlane, $39,070.54; L. H. Heyman, $39,070.54;
M. W. Borders, $16,602.49; H. A. Timmlns,
$10,461.59.
Whero
Quality I§
Equal Our
I Prices An
the Loweit
That Tantalizing
Spring Air
There are many things you must want to do when
spring arrives. One of them should be to get in to a
FORD'S SUIT—then you know that^ou have the best
that master tailors and expert cutters can produce.
Make it your business to see our Navy Blue Indigo
Dye Serge at
$35.00
It is our leader and the best made-to-measure suit
that $35.00 can'buy in this town.
EVERY SUIT UNION-MADE
"THIS
HOME or
SKART-
TAILOEBD
SUITS"
133
HASTINGS
Street West
AMSTERDAM.—According to n telegram
from Rnda Post, a lifilf-hour demonstration
strike took place here on .Snturdny, All the
factories stopped, trnniwayn craned service
and workmen signed petitions demanding
tho appointment of n cabinet which would
carry out tho demand fur a secret suffrago
URGES ORGANIZATION
OF PURCHASING POWER
Betail Clerks Start Campaign to Fur-
"      tlher the Interests of Their
Membership
At (be Ooughland shipyards. W. H.
Hoop, organizer for tho Itetiiil Clerks,
yesterday addressed ti large gathering
of workers on the need of organizing
their purchasing power. He stud in
pnrt: "Our trades union movement demands a drawing of our lines together.
Wo stand together in industry as one
man. Thc store clerks are claiming
that thoy are also a part of industry,
and desire the co-oporntion of till work
ors, to. the- end that tho purchasing
power of the workers be better organ?
zed. Be a union mun off the job as
well us on the job. When you purchase,
see to it that you pass a union store
card on your way into the store. If it
is thero it moans that all the clerks are
in the union; if it is absent from the
window, any kind of conditions may
prevail, even to abject slavery. Help
us organize our purchasing power. It
runs into millions of dollars a year, and
the result will bc that wc can at least
obtuiu reasonable working conditions.
The Itctail Clerks have becomo a part
of the movement. They havo conic to
stay, and yours is thc mission to help
bring them into a stronger nnd closer
union with the labor movement. Oet
tho point. If the store card is there,
purchase; if missing, pass it up. This
is tho imperative duty of all members
of organized labor,"
A Good Piano adds cheerfulness.   In these progressive times, your children are entitled to    -
everything that is good in the home.
TWO carloads Boston and New York Pianos,
$300, $325 and $350
One carload New Belli, $425 to $500.
One carload Haines Bros., $475 to $550.
Slightly uaed Pianos, $200 and up.
Used Flayer Pianos, $400 and up.
Our upstairs warerooms plan saves as many as
twelve payments, which our customers keep in
their own pocketB.
Lyon & Healy, Broadwood & Sons, Haines Bros.,
The New Bell, Marshall & Wendell, Williams'
New Scale and other makes
At this store, members of unions' patronage is
appreciated.
!____ _______J__
MONTELIUS 524-aas
piano House tre "mm***-.* 5t
___Z^*_______^_______-_____________________Z____^Z__^2
AMSTERDAM.-—Another mutiny nan occurred In tho German militnry niiii.i nl
Bflvorloo. Tho mutiny took iilaco whon the
(JiTiii/tn troopH woro ordered to the wok tern
front, it iH learned tudny. Mnny of tho ho)-
tliors werj shot, hut tho troublo in con-
tlnuing.
Whnt In doscrlbod nn "the world's largest
apartment house" Ih just completed. It In
situated on Madison avenue, New York oity,
and covers two entire city Mocks. Thsro
are 1,630 living rooms, comprising 108
apartment suitos. Those .suites rent at
from |7,000 to $17,000 each. Tho cont of
thin crcat Htm el hint wan ahuut $8,000,000,
9\cluslve of tho land.
Uioiijin attended tho breaking up of an
anti-conscription meeting in fielfaKt bint
wook. according to a despatch to the Dally
Nows. Revolvers were used and baton
charges wore mads by tho police, wiio were
pelted with paving stones, Virtually every
window in lho .street was smashed. Fifteen
thousand pooplo participated in the mooting,
whicli wan oallid by the Labor party. The
trouble was precipitated, lho despatch nays.
by 200 young shipyard workors.
ZURICH*.—Two hundred thousand p»raons
participated In a demonstration for electoral
reforms at Budapest, Five thousand marched to the Palace Olub shouting "Down with
Tisza."    Work and trafflc was halted.
The oxeeulive hoard of the Arizona State
Federation of Labor him unanimously adopted a resolution calling upon all workers to
go on strike for twenty-four hours on Ma)'
1 as a protest against the execution of
Thomas J. Mooney of Hon Francisco, condemned lo denth in California fur participation in the bomb outrage during a prepnredness   parade   there.
Marie Baker to Star at the Empress.
Miss Marie Maker, our clever eharacr-.tr
womnn, Will bo starred next Week in ii pari
whieh lits her like the proverbial plove, nnd
hor hosts of admirers will have a chance of
COOlng her in tlio nlny which made Miss Rob*
son famous, etititl-d, "'The Rejuvenation of
Aunt Mary," For iiuainl humor, natural
character and a clean wholesome story, this
piny stands in a class hy itsolf. It wan
played for three successive seasons by Mlei
Mny Robson, and made more money for her
managers than any road play In the last five
years. Its b<nutlful story has one of those
human appeals which renchos out over the
footlights and holds yon in ecatacy from beginning to end. ***
Join the Federated Labor Party
Here is your opportunity to become a member-at-large of the Federated Labor Party. II* there is a branch of the party in your locality
it is surmised that you have already joined. But if there is no Local,
you can fill out-thc following application and become a member-at-
large, until sueh time as a branch is formed. If you are a member
of the working class, there is no reason why you should not be a
member of the party. It's not thc matter of the dollar a year. It's
the matter of organization. An organization must be secured, so that
the strength before election day will bc known and the membership
can then aet accordingly.
THE FEDERATED LABOR PABTY
Tho Federated Labor Party is organized for tho purposo of securing industrinl legislation and thc collective ownership and democratic
operation of the moans of wealth production.
Application for Membership
The undersigned endorses and subscribes to the furtherance of tho
declared object of tho party.
Namo
Occupation  Address
..Phono numbor
Togother with membership fee of ono dollar,' mnil to secrotary,
W. R. (Trotter, Room 200 Labor Tctnplc, Vancouver, D. C, and obtain
membership card and official receipt.
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Telephone:
Sey. 7495
LABOR TEMPLE
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade slock have given our
Printers a reputation for
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY. April 26, 1818
No Suits Like These
Elsewhere for
$24
*Y"OU cannot get the same fabrics, styles or
■* value in other stores because our suits are exclusive.
Under "Our Right Selling Plan," we eliminate "sales" and
credits, and can therefore cut profits to the quick. Values
tell. In six years we have grown to be the largest clothing
house in this city.
UMITID     f
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
THIS IS A TJNION STORE
Delegation from Organized
Labor Make Demands
*    for Legislation
Tho federnl government's reply to tho
representatives of thc Trndes and Lnbor
Congress of Canada, which wnited upon
tho ministers last Tuesday, and presented a number of requests, was made by
Hon. N. W. Rowell, tho primo ministor
being unable to remain until the conclusion of thc intorviow.
"Serious consideration" of all the
matters brought forward by the delegation was promised.
Referring more particularly to tho
demands on behalf of tho Lotter Carriers, Mr, Rowell said tho govornment
appreciated the difficulties of the men
receiving limited salaries at this time
owing to the increased cost of living
and additional burdens thereby itapos-
ed. The request for increased pay
would bo given very careful attention
by the government in order to seo that
the right thing is dono by tho Letter
Carriers.
Dealing with the demand for old age
pensions and an eight-hour day for all
employees of thc government, as woll
as for the employees of men having
boen given contracts, Mr. Rowell pointed out thnt Senator Robertson is tho
chairman of a sub-committee of the
committoe of tho cabinet couneil on reconstruction which is conducting an investigation into working conditions,
with a view to securing information as
to how workmen live. These two matters, ho said, como within tho Bcope of
that committee of inquiry, and they
will receive the earliest possiblo consideration.
Labor Representation
In regard to the suggestion that the
government should appoint representatives of labor on the war purchasing
commission and tho food board, Mr.
Rowoll explained that the government
had promised to give Labor representation on all committees appointed which
would do work relating to the war in
which Lnbor was concerned. Tho government had curried out thiB promise.
Tho wnr purchasing commission was appointed two or threo years ago, and the
Canada food board was an organization
brought about by the grouping together
of the work of three men; the food controller, the director of production and
tho director of labor. He promised,
however, that the suggestion would be
carefully considered,"
Barbers
Practically all the barbers in the city
have agreed to the new wago scale pre
Bented by the Barbers' union, reports
thc secretary. Considerable discussion
took placo undor the label order of business, and the barbers intend to spend
all the money possible on goods bearing
tho union label.
Buy Wholesale
You can, by combining with us, buy goods at
wholesale and distribute them yourself, supporting
no idlers or profiteers.
If you are a practical union man it must be plain
to you that in addition to organizing for the purpose
of demanding a just wage, you must also organize
ior the purpose of getting the value of your money
when spending it. You will do this if you become
a member of the
Emporium Co.
::   Limited   ::
Office:  712 Birks Bldg.  -   - Phone Seymour 297
Store:  823 Granville St. -   - Phone Seymour 908
Fmh Out Flowers, Funeral D«Bigns, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STORES—2
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988*472 — 728 Oranrille Street, Sey. 9513
CLOTHES WITH A FUTURE
Spring Models
$20 $25 $30 $40
These prices, paid for a Fashion-Craft Suit or Overcoat taean full value in quality, style and service.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
SAFETY DEVICES
Manufacturers and Others
Meet Workmen's Compensation Board
A meeting waa held Tuesday evening
in the board of trade rooms, of manufacturers and others interested in the
new snfety regulations being put into
effect by tho Workmen's Compensation
bourd. The regulations, which cover
a wide field, are now in activo practice.
The chairman of the meeting was H. B.
Gilmour of the Workmen's Compensation board.
Another meeting will bc hold next
Tuesday night in ordor to give all the
manufacturers a chance, as well as tho
workmen, to becomo familiar with tho
new regulations, whicli cover transmission machinery, shafting, couplings,
pulleys, gearing, belting and conveyors.
There is nothing loft out, say the
sponsors, in lho new safety regulations
that human ingenuity cnn devise to prevent accidents.
A clause in tho laundry regulations
specifies that whenever women are liable to come in contact with belting it
shall bo guarded so as to provetit it
from attracting their dresses or hnir.
Workmon around machinery must
wear tight clothes so that there is no
chnnce of any part of their dress becoming caught in thc whirring wheels;
bund saws must bo protected by wire
screens to prevent chips or wood from
flying into tho workmen's eyes, and so
on all through the regulations, justice
is done both to the employer and the
employee.
The meeting was taken up mostly by
questions as to the various clauses of
the regulations, groat interost boing
taken in tho ramifications and application of tho new law.
E IN U.S.
The Seattle Central Labor
Council Votes to Call
General Strike
SEATTLE.—Announcement is mnde
that tho Seattle Central Labor Council
voted to call a general strike here for
24 hours Hay 1 as a demonstration in
favor of Thomas J. Mooney, sentenced
to hang following his conviction on the
charge of alleged participation in the
San Francisco Preparedness Dny bomb
explosion.
A mecsage from tho Arizona Federation of Labor stating that a 24-hour
Mooney strike had been called in thc
southwestern state for May 1 was read
at last night's meeting,
SAN FRANCISCO.—Thos. J. Mooney
issued a statement from his cell in
wliich he askod that there be no commutation of his sentence to life imprisonment, but that ho bo either hanged or granted a new trial.
Tho Street and Electric Railway-
mens union of Vancouver has wired
Prosidont Wilson in an effort to Bave
Tom Mooney.
Carpenters Want $5.50 May 1.
Eight hundred carpenters attended
the mass meeting in the Labor Temple
Thursday to tako action on tho wage
scale demanded. The mon voted to
stay off all jobs, commencing with the
flrst of May, that do not agree to pay
the $5.50 per day. President Hatloy
was in the chair and informed the men
that the largest firms in the city had
agreed to the scale and that no trouble
was anticipated.
Organizer Hardy of the F. L. P. gave
another talk and obtained fifty-one
members for tho party, making a total
of 344 from the carponters' organizations.
Brotherhood Railway Carmen
Bro. McKinnn, International vice-
president of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen, was a visitor to tho local
meeting held last Friday. Organizer
McKenna states that the Brotherhood
is making great progress and is very
well organizod in all localities. The
union here took in one new member and
received threo applications. A new
wage scalo is being presented to the
companies.
Sheet Metal Workers.
A real live meeting of the Sheet
Metal Workers was held at which two
new members were initiated and three
apprentices admitted. The members
feel jubilant over the coming raise in
wages. Job Stewarts were instructed
to report any and nil infringements of
tho award by employers. A committee
wus appointed to handle any trouble
that may arise. They arc: A. Friend,
A. Fisher, J. Strachen and A. J. Crawford.
Bakers
Prosidont Leeworthy of tho Bakers'
union, reports nn organization meoting
at which W. F. McGuerin, business
agent of the Seattle union, gave an interesting talk on organization. Another
special meeting will be hold Saturday,
and all bakers are invited to be present. Prospects for a good big live organization ure good. Tho officers of the
local union arc: President, H, G. Leeworthy; vice-president, H. Jones; recording secretary, J. Frances; financial
secretary, J. Black.
Marine Firemen and Oilers
Thirty two new members were initiated by the Murine Firemen and Oilers during the past two weeks, reports
Secretary Scott. The wage agreement
which calls for $75 a month and board,
has been signed by all the big shipping companies. The secretary was instructed to write to the shipping master about the practice of some shipowners and their officials securing crews
through private employment agencies.
Apart from the illegality of tho procedure il is pointed out that some men
will ship this way at lower wages in
order to get into the U, 8., thus making
the standard lower for bona fido firemen and oilers and which hns the
effect of driving these mon into other
trades.
The Tclograaf reports that tho Gorman Socialist party in Austria-Hungary has decided that work shall be
stopped on May 1 throughout the country and that demonstrations in favor of
pence shall be held.
Colored Japanese
CREPE
"First Quality"
Special 35c Yard
THIS durable material is
shown in many desirable
shades, also in a large assortment of attractive
stripe designs. The fabric
is recommended for making women's and children's dresses, middies,
smocks, rompers, etc. Fast
colors. The following
shades now in stock: Pale
pink and medium pink,
three shades old rose, sky,
Alice, three shades Copenhagen, four shades green,
two helio, two purple,
maize, champagne, biscuit,
tan, coral, grey, raspberry, navy, brown,
cream, ivory and black.
35^ per yard
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
RETURNED SOLDIERS IDLE,
ALIEN ENEMIES EMPLOYED
(Continued from Page One.)
men? It is passion that dominates, and
usually the most brutal and unreasonable of all. So wo will be compelled
to consider every German or Austrian-
born person an enemy per so. Such being the case, it becomes manifestly clear
that such enemies should not bo allowed
to snugly ensconce themselves in remunerative sinecures, commonly termed
good jobs, while returned soldiers who
havo unselfishly "done their bit" aro
compelled to go without employment
and consequently without means of living. There seems to be no othor alternative than that of interning these
aliens and giving the returned veterans
an opportunity to fill tho jobs thus niade
vacant. But the aliens should neither
bo interned in idleness, nor turned over
to any profiteering gang of slave drivers to be oxploited for their profit and
glory. Thoy should be'put to work for
the Btate at such lino of work as might
bo of greatest valuo in carrying on the
war to a flnal and successful conclusion. But the returned soldiers must bo
given employment the moment they flnd
themselveB in physical condition to accept it, utterly regardleBB of whether
any alien is allowed to survive or not.
If the Btate can not flnd suitable employment for such aliens in its own service ,and at such wages as it may seo
fit to establish, let them bo taken care
of at. the public expenae, and thc financial requirements therefor bo provided
iu tho usual manner, either by taxation
or borrowing. But in no case allow any
privato person or concern to exploit
them. If they nre to work for nothing,
lot it be only for tho stato itself.
In the Fishing Industry
According to H. S. Clements, M. P.
from Comox-Atlin, thero nre about 60,-
000 aliens in British Columbia. Whilo
we doubt the truth of this, of one thing
wo may be certain, and that is that
there are a very large number and n
heavy percentage of theso are Chinks
and Japs. Some people have advocated
the shipment of Oriental labor to the
war zone for uso behind the battle
linos. This may or may not be advisable, but Tho Federationist would suggest that all of such, labor in Britisli
Columbia, as well as enemy aliens, be
thus utilized as rapidly, as necessary
in order to provide employment for returned men, We are told that captured
soldiers of the Entente Allies arc used
by the enomy for such work, so the following out of tho suggestion would not
appear to be nny violation of thc ethics
of christian warfare. In tho fishing industry of the province, largo numbers
of Orientals are employed. Fishing licences are now turned over to the big
cannery and fishing interests, and by
them farmed out to Orientals. That
should at once be stopped, and tho licences given to saeh of the returned
men as desire to enter such employment.
Let it not be forgotten that the only
thing now standing in tho wny of the
employment of all returned soldiers ub
rapidly as they aro available, is the patriotic greed of the big dominant industries of the province. It is to those interests that belongs thc entire credit
for all of this cheap alien labor—friendly and enemy alike—boing in thc province and Dominion in tho first pla&O, and
for its retention and utilization now to
the denial of employment to the returned soldiers, who certainly ill-deserve
such scurvy treatment.
Lestf They Forget
The returned soldiers should not for
a moment forget thnt both thc interoBtB
already referred to, as woll as tho aliens
mentioned, are not in sympathy with
the objects and aims of organized labor.
Tho former aro constitutional enemies
of organized labor; the latter are enemies through indifference, ignorance or
apathy. While it may be true that organized lubor and tho returned soldiers
as well might, under different circumstances, extend the hand of fellowship
and goodwill to all alien labor, it is at
all times impossible for either returned
soldiors, soldiers in active Bervice, or
working men either organized or unorganized, to havo anything in common
with that class in thc community that
stands master and owner of thc moons
of life upon which all thc toilers of the
earth perforce depend for their existence. All soldiers recruited from thc
useful class of human society, thc working class, should be found within the
ranks of organized labor ot the very
first opportunity. Many of thom belonged tu organizod labor before enlisting for military service, and Btill so belong. Those who have not yet joined
tho ranks of organized labor should do
so at once, for they will need all the
assistance possible in order to compel
the reactionary powers that bo to do
what is humanly possible to afford them
the opportunity to exist in this happy
laud Ihut their valor and heroism has
Tries Old Game to Keep Its
Employees Completely
At Its Mercy
The Dominion Express company is
trying to play an old gamo that in fact
is so ancient and discredited that the
corporation might have had better
sense than to try and work it. This
gamo is being worked practically right
across the Dominion as a result of tbe
determination of the Canadian Brotherhood of Railroad Employees to organize
tho expressmen.
Tho Dominion Express company has
not taken kindly to the propostion and
when it found out that many of its employees woro members of the now organization, and was making steady
headway, it decided something had to
bo done to neutralize tho effect of its
successful work, so, with owl-like simplicity, the company officials decided to
organize a purely company's union, to
be composed solely of employees of the
Dominion Express, and that tho organization would bo independent of
any other organization whatever. This
it proceeded to do in Toronto, Calgary
and, now that the men havo organized
here, it is trying to do the same thing.
As has boen said, it is nn old game
that has been overworked in both thc
United States and Cnnada in the past
and has become a real joke proposition,
its intent boing to keep the express
workors divided, and thus weaken their
offorts to better existing conditions.
Minimum Wage League
Twenty-fivo scuts will admit you to a
dnnco to bc held in O'Brien's hall next
Monday. The danco will bo held undor
tho auspices of the Minimum Wage
league, reports Secretary Miss Gutteridge, half the proceeds to go to tho
Rotary Club clinic.
Upholsterers and Trimmers
President Brice of tho UpholBterers
and Trimmers, report a good mooting,
and the drawing up of local bylaws.
The union has changed its meeting
night to tho second and fourth Mondny
in the month. Geo. Hardy, of the Federated Labor Party, made a short talk
nnd collected several applications for
membership.
in no mean measure aided in rescuing
from tho threatened clutch of autocracy, brutality and tyranny.
Kick and We Kick with You
It is said that "laugh and tho world
laughs with you." The Federationist
says to tho returned soldiers,/'kick for
your rights, and we kick with you."
You can make nothing too drastic in
your demands to suit us. No matter
what yon demand and obtain you will
atill be far short of what would be coming to you, woro that to which you arc
entitled measured out to you by the
scales of a justice that was really blind
to tho claims of rulers, robbers and
maBtors; three names for the snmo
thing. You can make no demands
bused upon your own interests ns useful
and decent members of human society,
that are not identical with the aims, objects and aspirations of organized labor.
So long as your demands are thus determined we, of The Federationist, arc
with you in all that you do and hopo
to' accomplish. If you havo any kick
to make, any fight to put up, we will
both kick and fight with you.
Thorough Workmanship
ONLY the highest priced workmanship goes into
your Tom-the-Tailor Suit—only the highest
grade linings and materials—only the finest imported British all-wool fabrics. You can have your
suit made according to your own ideas—either in
the smart and ultra-smart lines of the season, a
modification, of that fashion, or in a more conservative style liked by older men. The workmanship,
like the materials and the design, is guaranteed.
Only a perfect suit—one that pleases you and me—
goes out of either of my stores.
Men's Suits, to measure, from $30 up
Women's Man-tailored Suits,from $40 up
WOK
632GRANV/LLE
314HASTIWSW
UNION SHOP
CARPENTERS ORGANIZER
MAKES OOOD SHOWING
Kinney Was Only Edmonton Alderman
Who Championed Cause of City
Fire Fighters
Aid. J. A. Kinney, of Edmonton, organizer for western Canada of tho
United Brotherhood of Carpenters, met
the members of the Begina union of
tho United Brotherhood of Carpenters
last week and discussed with them local trade conditions. Thc Begina carponters are receiving from 55 to 60
cents an hour ut thc present time, and
they have decided to ask for 05 cents
an hour, with the same condition of
hours, a ton-hour day, and a half-holiday on Saturday, aa last year.
Aid. Kinney is well known in Begina, he having visited here overy
year for sovernl years past. He has
been alderman of the city of Edmonton
for a number of years and at the last
municipal election succeeded in polling
the largest vote of any man in thc
city, including city council and school
board. He took a very active part in
thc recent fight in Edmonton over thc
flre department, and although he was
the only alderman who championed the
rights of tho firemen, won out in the
end by receiving the endorsement of
tho people of Edmonton by a tremendous majority.
Gas Workers.
Three now members were admitted to
membership in the Gus Workers union,
reports Secretary Martin. Negotiations
for thc new wage ngreement are pending and an early settlement of tho matter is expected. Secretary Midgley of
the TradeB aud Labor Council has the
negotiations in hand on behalf of thc
union.   The officers of the union are:
President, Wm. Stafford; vice-president, J. Rose; recording aeeretary,
Thos. Martin; financial secretary, John
MeCullum.
Amalgamated Carpenters
Nino new members were admitted to
membership and sovernl applications received, reports Businoss Agent Smith,
of the Amalgamated Carpenters. Tho
meeting was well attended and the secretary instructed to write to President
Wilson of the United States, protesting
ngainst thc oxecition of Mooney. Thc
local donated $10 to tho Mooney defense fund, and also $10 to tho federal
election campaign fund deficit.
MASS MEETING TUESDAY
FOR RETAIL CLERKS
Matter of Organization of All Betail
Clerks Taken ln Hand hy
Labor Oouncll
A mass meeting of retail clerks hns
been called by tho Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council and Is to bo held in
tho Labor Tomple. Tuesday evening,
April 30.
The clerks are roquosted to get in
line with tho rest of tho trndes in tho
city.
Organized labor is asked to help notify the clerks of the meetings, which
will be addressed by tho Bev. Bich-
mond Craig, W. R. Trotter, E. P. Pettipiece and W. H. Hoop, tho international organizer.
In the organization you count ono.
Outside the organization you ure nt a
discount.
Got in and do your bit.
Hand this paper to a neighbor whon
you get through reading it.
10* OFF TO RETURNED SOLDIERS
Dick's Suits
Satisfy!
Because—
—they wear well—there's genuine quality in the material.
—they look well—there's real class to their cut.
—they are up-to-date—made on the latest models and in the
newest styles.
A Good Line at a Moderate Price—
—FOR MEN AND YOUNG MEN
This line offers a variety of materials from which a selection
can be made to please any taste—all good quality—guaranteed.
Some models will appeal especially to the young man—have distinctive features that make them out of the ordinary. Others
are quieter and more conservative as to cut.
The best values you
can find in the city	
A Business Man's Suit—
—something in high grade worsted—just the thing for summer
wear—light and comfortable.
—made on conservative models.
—comes in mixtures—fast colors that will stand— (DOR
they're guaranteed W__\iJ
DICKS LIMITED
"UNION STORE FOR MEN"
53 Hastings Street West
$20

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