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British Columbia Federationist Oct 19, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
ior to I. Ii. A. Vancouver Working Conditions for Longshoremen Deplorable
|cab Is Most Approbrious Term
One Working Man Can
Apply to Another
f [Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
QRIOH to  the orgunlzatlon  of the
I. h. A. in Vancouver conditions
the   waiterfront   were   deplorable.
Jiklng tho question of wuges, every
irt on tho Puget Sound paid higher
ages  than   Vancouver.      Vancouver
I that time paid thirty-live cents per
l)Ur day-time and   forty   cents   per
■>ur overtime.    Ten hours was eom-
lited  as  day-time.    Seattle and  Tallin u were paying 40 cents per hour
liy-tiine   and   fifty   cents   per   hour
Tortime;Portland and  Han Francisco
■ere paying fifty cents per hour jlay-
■mo and seventy-ilve cents per hour
irtime.    Of   course   when   the   em-
|oyer tells you  that he Is now pay-
as  much  as  uny  other  port,   he
s not  tell  you   that for years  he
■nd considerably less.
J The   conditions   under   which   men
forked   were   oven  worse   than   thc
|ages paid.    Men swarmed the docks
.till   hours  of  the   day and   night,
a  ship   was   expected  at   two   or
roe o'clock  iu  tho    morning    men
■re kept hanging around the docks
■iring  the  night   hours  without  any
Ksuranee of boing hired and If they
leceeded   in   getting  a job  Ihey   got
Ithing whatever for hanging around.
I the ship did not get in as expected
ley wore dismissed with a curt "All
1,'ht! Call round at seven o'clock in
norning,   fellows."
Method <>r Hiring Men
[The method of hiring men would
line the ire of any self-respecting
fin—of any man with red blood in
viens. The straw-boss would get
li tbe deck of a vessel, pick out his
Ivorlte first, and if he bad not se-
Ired enough, yell out, "Hey! You
(Hows that have got hooks, stick 'em
1 (To those who do not understand,
refers to the cargo hooks carried
fThe !. L. A. have succeeded in
Lunging all this. Regular hours
Ir engaging men have be-?n Instituted
nd If a man is not hired at one of
Ipse times he knows that he Is free
tbo next picking hour, We have
leceeded lu having all men hired
Ir night work at five p.m. and not
|uideri)ig all night along ihe dock
the rain. If tbe employers win
lis strike and force the Open Shop
|i the Vancouver waterfront there
no doubt they will again try to
l-ttiluie the conditions prevalent prior
I Already an Inkling of their intention
1 evident. Some of the men who
Lve been foolish enough to be de-
[yed down to tho water front start-
I work at eight a.m., worked until
la thirty a.m. the following morn-
It; and wero required to get up nt
I a.m. to start work the same day.
Vln reported that one man had al-
Vdy worked thirty-eight hours
|hout sleep.
Kuril Struggle for Years
■ you want these conditions to
|jvail on the Vancouver waterfront?
Ill the health and manhood of Van
liver be unllfted by such conditions?
pevernl years of bard strugle were
pessary to eliminate the conditions
employers are again attempting
■put into operation. Slowly wo sue-
fded and we do not intend to have
fruits of those early struggles
■en  away.
fo the business man we would
lut out that eleven hundred men,
liniment   residents   wilh   their  fnm-
men  wh
ontinue to do so in the future, aro
[ontoned. Men recruited at tbis
■ drifters. Tbey do not intend
jnuke their home here. They never
Would It not be to your in-
IjstH to see the longshoremen win?
j think 11 would.
lo those who may bave In mind
placing longshoremen: think twice
then think again. After the em-
ker has used you he will have no
|tber use for you and will kick
out at the first opportunity. He
Is not care for the odium that will
lach to you in ihe future—an odium
ft does not only attach Itself to
but also to your children. A
Ml Is thc most approbrlnutf term
\ working man can apply to another,
lis looked upon like a scab on the
By something rotten, disgusting,
1 that It cannot apply to you.
On Saturday Nights—Will Commence
To-Morrow at tt P.M.—Held
ln Carnegie Library
Literary lectures on ' Saturday
nights at Carnegie library will be resumed beginning to-morrow (Saturday), October 20. These lectures
have been carried on each winter for
the past seven years. Canadian subjects will preponderate In the programme for this Beason, The librarian, R. W, Douglas, wilt give the flrst
lecture, when his topic will be "David
Douglas—Botanist and 'Explorer."
Other lectures will Include one on
Francis Parkman, historian* of early
Canada, nnd another will be on General Sir William Butler, author of
"The Oreat Lone Land." Speakers
will deal "also with such British writers as Rupert Brooks, Robert Her-
rlck and Stephen Phillips. The lectures are open to tbe public.
Thirty-five  New Members  Sign
Roll—Sick and Death Fund
Unfair Concern
Tbo Milk Salesmen and Dairy Em-
plpyees, local union, No 464, took
another step forward last Friday
night, when they held an open mass
mooting ol" those engaged in tbe dairy
industry. The large ball at the Labor
templo was crowded to capacity, and
before the closo of the meeting 33 new
members were signed up. This now
makes thlo local tbe largest one of
its kind hi Canada. A sick beneflt
for all members was adopted, and after January 1st all members will be
entitled to a sick benefit of $10 a
week. The death benefit was also
substantially  increased   1   per cent.
All readers of tho Federationist nre
asked to remember tbnt Steve's dairy,
Mr. Nelson, proprietor, is still on the
unfair list of. the Central Trades
council. This man Nelson openly
boasts that he will lire any of his men
that join a union. We have not yet
seen the daily press suggesting that
the mounties should be used to give
his employees protection agninst their
boa's. It depends whose corns are
getting pinched. More anon about
this concern. The Milk Salesmen's
union is very interested In the (level
opment of our city nnd whilst \v<
have such employers to contend with
It 'mnkes development naturally slow.
Meeting Next Sunday Under the
Auspices of Trade Union
Educational League
On Sunday, October 21st, at 8 p.m.,
Vancouver trade unionists will have
an opportunity to hear Wm. F. Dunne
editor of the Butte Bulletin and prominent lubor leader. Ho will address a
meeting in thc Columbia theatre un
der tho auspices of the Trade Union
Educational league, commencing at 8
p.m. The trade union movement hai
passed through many changes, both
in structure and outlook. In fact, lt
Is tho product of a long historl
growth, covering a period of over a
century and a quarter. During that
lime it has had many ups and downs,
at times being almost swept out of existence, but always arising anew und
building up again, strengthened by tbe
oxeprlenoQ of the past, The men who
have devoted their lives, and given
of their knowledge nnd experience to
introduce new Ideas and methods Into the trade union movement have
always been assailed by the employers
as men who were dungct ous to the
welfare of mankind, However, In
spite of these attacks the trade union
movement bas progressed. The lat-
nen who hnve spent all their j est movement to strengthen and solid-
is in the city, and who expect |fy tbe organIzations of labor is the
Trade    Union    Educational    league.
This movement which was launched
only a little over a year ago, has already met with tremendous success,
but like all former, progressive movements H has also met With bitter h»n-
tlllty from the employers, who have
put forward evory effort lo destroy
it. This they have boen unable to do
because this new movement is in line
with the general development of the
forces of produetion. The Trnde
Union Educational league has for its
object the amalgamation nf kindred
unions, so that the working class
may be In a better position to withstand the attacks of the employers.
Mr, Dunne, who ls ,a renowned orator, will explain tho aims nnd policies of the league, und all trado unionists, whether they agree with the
speaker or not, should endeavor to be
present nnd hoar a full explanation
of what the lengue stands for, It Is
not advisable to take second hand
explanations, or the pet notions of
some individual, Come and hear this
new; movement explained by one of its
foremost exponents. The subject of
Mr. Dunne's address will be "Amalgamation or Annihilation," The date
and place, Columbia Theatre, October
21st, at 8 p.m.—Com.
Municipal Hydro-electric Scheme
Discussed and Endorsed
by Oounoil
Labor Candidates
|he labor parties of Cnlgary und
nonton will nominate candidates
J the next civic, elections. Cnlgary
|he past has refrained from putting
mayoralty candidate on the
|inds that If he were successful'
, would be the special target for
[iblame of all and sundry, and tho
ne under present elrcumstnnces
fiot worth the candle." In both
the proportional represen'.a-
i method of voting Is now in forco.
■nomployment Is due to the poverty
Ahe working classes, and nothing
Ire, says J, Wheat.ey, M. P.
Overtime for Laborers—A Civic
Ooal Yard—State of Trade-
Other Business
A LENGTHY session of the Trades
and Labor council was held on
Tuesday night when some forty odd
delegates, also several visitors were
present. President Harry Neelands,
M.L.A., presided, and Secretary Bengough was at. his table. A resolution
endorsing the longshoremen's strike
on motion was tnbled until the executive had discussed the situation with
the representatives of the I.L.A.
Anothor outstanding feature of tbe
proceedings deliberated on were the
proposed hydro-electric sites now before   the   city  council
Following new delegates presented
credentials, were obligated and took
their seats: Electrical Workers, No.
213—B, A. Baker; Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, J. Brown; Painters, No. 13S W. Harris; Steam and
Operating Engineers, No. 844, Ernest
Laboi' Representation
A. S. Wells, socretary Vancouver
committee, wrote that a meeting of
that body will be held on Friday,
Oct. 20, in Labor hall. This, in view
of an early provincial political struggle
whieh is expected to take place shortly after adjournment of the next session of tbe provincial legislature.
There is necessity of a united front
on the part of workers. The council
was asked to send delegates, whicb
was agreed to, and Delegate Dodson,
Page and Hunt (Painters) were appointed.
Secretary   Trades   and   Labor   o
gross of Canada wrote asking support
for  the  official  journal.    Filed.
Hall committed were considering
the matter of obtaining new premises,
The proposed new quarters would be
In the- Holden block, Hasting*- street'
enst, and wouid take up an area of
approximately 1750 square feet. On
motion, the executive were given power  In   (he  matter.
Building trades committee reported
having waited on the contractors of
the Second Narrows bridge, who said
the usual wages, being as little as
possible, wuuld be paid. Tbe company declined to say when work would
be started. Report received as one
of progress,
Delegate Brooks, chairman of the
entertainment committee of the Into
congress convention, said ull accounts
were paid, and asked that the committee be relieved of any further duties. Committee was thanked for its
services and discharged,
Hour.! for Laborers
Delegate Dunn, chairman of tbe
Building trades committee, reported
that he had interviewed Fnirwage
Officer Harrison regarding overtime
rates for laborers employed on the
government dock and grain elevator.
He had received a letter from Mr.
Harrison which stated in effect that
laborers had no place In the category of other trades. Delegate Dunn
visited the fair-wage officer again to
find out whether overtime rates were
nol paid on other building jobs wben
it wns learned that thei'e wns no such
thing us a legal eight-hour day for
laborers In British Columbia. Delegate Hardy snid this Information was
incorrect. The report was received
and further enquiries will be instltu**,
tod its to overt!trio pay for unskilled
workmen, li being stated that a notice
was posted al tho Grand Trunk dock
tint overtIpio rules were: Time nnd a
half from 0 to 12 p.m., double time
from 12 to G a.m. and on Sundays nnd
Secretary B e n g o u g h reported
that the Harbor board would meet
Friday morning in conference over
proposed Second Narrows bridge, and
requested delegates concerned to attend.
A. R of I*. Convention
Delegnte Pettipiece reported at
length attending the A. F. of L. convention at Portland. He said nn outstanding feature of the session   were
Departing  In  Considerable  Numbers
for Locations ln Southern
Advices from Montreal state that
farmers of Temiscouata and Kamour-
aska counties, having been adversely
affected by the farming season this
year, nre departing ln considerable
proportions for locations In southern
Quebec. It is reported, however, that
their exodus to the United States has
More Deaths Due to Late War
Than All Others Together
Since Napoleon
Greatest of England's Present Industries Began in 1348—
Varied Associations
Now Arrival
C. McDonald, delegate of the tnilors
to the Trades and Labor council, Is nil
smiles these days, It's a hew. girl
who arrived Thursday. All well.
Congratulations,   Mae.
Given Distinction as First Place
in Nottinghamshire Where
Coal Was Mined
■"THERE can be few villages In Nottinghamshire, or any other county,
says the Nottingham Guardian, that
can claim such varied associations of
interest as are recorded lo tbe credit
of Cossull. As its inhabitants and
visitors were reminded by F. II. Lancashire in opening a village fete, to
Cossall must be assigned the distinction of being the flrst piece in Nottinghamshire where coals were mined
—the beginning of the, greatest of the
county's present industries. The
chief confirmation of this claim is tin.
entry in the "Records of the Borough
of Nottingham" of the transler of the
half-share of a coal mine at Cossall
on June 2(i, 1348. This transfer of
the "half part of a mino of sea-coal
nnd culms, with appurtances in the
town and in the fields of Cossall," wn»
made by William de Smalley, or Stanley, to Richard Stotur, and It confirmed indentures previously made
"between Richard de Wllloughby,
Knight, tbe prior and convent of New-
stead in Sherwood, William de Cossall,
rector of the church of Sibston, Joan,
wife of William, son of Adam de Cossall, and Robert, son of the aforesaid
Joan, on the one part, nnd Robert
Plomer, of Cossnll, and John Shepherd, of the sume. and others workers
of the said mine, on tbe other part.
Cossnll wus also an old home of the
Illustrious family of Wllloughby; of
whom memorials remain in the parish
church dating so far back as early In
the 14th century, and it was a Wllloughby who endowed the village
almshouses. An Interesting feature
of tbe church fs the oak reredos.
which was the work of the village
wood-carving class. Of more popular
appeal Is the association or Cossan
with Shaw, the Ilfeguardsman, who is
said to have slain ten Frenchmen with
his own hand at Waterloo before ho
succumbed to his wounds. This hero
wns Immortalized by Sir Walter Scott:
"Nor 'mongst    her    humbler    son-
shall Shaw e'er die,
Immortal deeds defy mortality."
In Cossall churchyard the Immor
tal Shaw Is commemorated In a fine
marble monument, Inscribed also lo
Richard Wnptingtou. of tho Life
Guards, nnd Thomas Wheatley, of th
21st Life Dragoons. The place-name
of Cossall occurs In the Domesday
Book as "Cotetshale." the heath or
valley or Cotta. About the year 1200
lt appears in the Wollaton manuscripts
us Connie, and by 1302 It had como to
be Cossale, from which it is an easy
transition  to  Its present   form.
Gradually   Increase  Without   Corn'
ponding   Advance   in   Wages—
Authorities Should Interfere
Combined Losses of All Belligerents Were 11,115,000 Officers and Men
[Labor Press Service]
London, Oct. 4.—If the inhabitants
of Glasgow, Cardiff, Nottingham and
Norwich were wiped out the resultant
loss would about equal the wastage
of British  lives during the  war.
It is obviously impossible to give
an entirely accurate return of the
number of deaths caused by the war.
The most reliable statistics have been
collated by the Carnegie Endowment
for International Peace, and the results are given in a book, "Losses of
Life Caused by War."
Professor Dumas, of Lausanne, sur-
and Mr. Vedal-Peterson, a Danish
veys the losses from 1756 to 1013,
statistical expert, deals with the losses
from  1014  to 1919.
Ruinous Record
One   conclusion   reached     is    that
more deaths were due to the World
War than to all  the  preceding wars
since Napoleonic days.
From figures supplied by Le Drap-
enubleu we extract tbe following relating to tbe numbers who were killed or died of disease:
Russia        3.000,000
Oermany     2,400,000
France     1,885,000
Great Britain & Ireland 1,18*1,000
Austla-Hungary       1,000,000
Italy         Gl5,000
Turkey           810.000
Rumania       189,000
Serbia and  Montenegro     150,000
Bulgaria          130,000
Belgium     G3.000
Russia   lost   1,300,000  from   disease,
while   the   losses   of   Germany   from
similar   causes     were     400,000;     c
Frnnce, 500,000; Grent   Britain, 250
The combined losses of all thc
belligerents were 11,115,000, accord
Ing to Le Drupeuu bleu, Col. Loon
ard P. Ayrcs, in "The War with Ger
many,", puts (he total losses at 7,485,
If we take the monn of the two
estimates the total of the fatalities
among combatants was in the region
of 9,000,000.
Turning to our own country,
find thnt up to July 13, 1919, the total loss of life among British soldleri
was 724,407. From August 4, 1914
to May 31, 1919, thc Navy sustained
41,732 fatal casualities. Dr. Stevenson, of the Genernl Register Office,
puts the mercantile marine deaths at
Excluding the missing nnd orison
ers, and 1,260 killed b.v air nnd sea
bombardment, the total number of
British lives lost wns 780,800.
Tt mny help to an understanding
of these figures if it Is recalled that
the population ol Manchester
about 730,000. nnd of Liverpool about
Here are  the  figures of tbe  Brit
Ish   losses   of   life   In     the
t beat res   of   war:
Gl 6,5*2
East Africa 	
It is a speculation  of some Interest
whethor   Mr.   Winston   Churchill   wll
deal  with  the Dardanelles
(the number wounded wns
73,381) Ii
bis forthcoming volume of
var remln
"A    Working   Man's
The necessaries of life 1
ually advanced wlthou
tng advance In wages,
most Impossible for :i
on say $100 per mon
way, which is more ih
ing men arc receiving
or 10 hour day. 'I
and all other necest
ave been gracl-
a correspond-
Now ii  Is al-
Inmlly to  live
b  nnd   pny  its
n mnny work-
;  nnw for a  0 %
xes   arc   trebled
ties are corres
pondingly high. I think It Is about
time the authorities put a stop to
this rise in prices, instead of spending thousands of dollars to advertise
the city lo tourists, who, however desirable, are not tbe people who keep
the stores busy all Ihe year round und
build up the place. Is it not better
the speeches of the British delegates'• to keep our own citizens here by mak-
■—Robinson, Walker nnd Hodges.   All! Ing Vancouver n city whore a man can
the ollicers were re-elected and ex-
phtined tbe excellent idea of the
machine and the wny It works. Thore
had not been much progress made
by ihe A, F. of L, since 1910 when
he nttended tbe convention at St.
Louis. Delegnte Dunne who was a
good clean progressive fellow hnd
beon ousted from the convention for
his radicalism. The anti-red pencil-
lum came back with force. The example set b.v tbe British dolegates
as regards political action was the
proper one to follow. All the real
work of the convention was done in
committee, Delegate Pettlplece visited fhe Portland labor temple, which
was six stories and cost $375,000. Report adopted.
Hydro-Elcetrln Sehenie
Delogate   Pettlplece   reporting   fof
dolegates, himself Included, who had
(Continued   on  page  4)
live, rather than driv«
Minds of tho best cltlK
Stales and then sper
advertising this place
muny of whom come
cont and eventunlly 1
to the city?
sp many thou-
ms nwny to the
(1 thousands in
to outsider;!,
here without a
('(•(imp a charge
Farm   Exports   Will    Visit   Cnnndn
To Obtain Information on
This  Question
It Is officially announced at Copenhagen that two Danish  farming experts, at the Invitation of the Cnnndinn
government and the Cnnadian Pacific
Rnilwny company, and  with  tho approval of the Danish governmont are
to make a Journey to Canada with the
object of obtaining information as to
the   possibilities   for   Danish   emigration to Canada.
i Iscences.
No data exists for compiling an es
llmatc   of   lhe   qualitative   I OSS   'if   life
dm- in ibe Impaired physique of
Mnny civilians died from wor causes,
Hr. I-Iarald Wostergnad, Professor of
Politieal Science ut Copenhagen University, estimates ibe excess mortality during tbe war period in Italy at
600,000; in England, 250,000; In
France, 250,000; in Germnny, 700,000.
Tbe foregoing figures do nol include
ibe deaths from the influonwi epidemic which mny, or mny not, have
been caused by the war.
Lost Little Ones
These losses, however, are small
compared with the reductions In the
birth-rate duo to the absence of so
many men from home. Professor
Westorgaard estimates that 600,000
more children would huve been born
In (treat Britain if no wnr had tuken
nlace; l.ooo.ooo more in Franco;
1.300,00 in Italy, 2,000,000 in Ger.
many; 2,900,000 In Austria; grand total   I'or   five   countries,   14.100,000.
So far ns can be Ascertained the
approximate wastage of British life
'luring the war was as follows:
Combatants      780,ooo
Civilians        250,000
Unborn Childrnc     ooo.oon
Avowed by Workere Party—A. P. of
L. Rapped for Expulsion
of Dunne
A recent Chicago despatch states
that a statement Issued by the central
executive committee of the Workers'
Party of America declared that William F. Dunne, who was expelled from
the American Federation of Labor
convention at Portland, waa put out
"because he Is a communist—because
of his political principles," After
declaring that "Oompers, Lewis and
company are for private ownership
of Industry and adequate return on
investments and that Gompers and
his machine are the agents of the employers In the trade unions," the statement declared "the workers' party
does not deny Its fraternal affiliation
with the communist Internationale.
It ls proud of lt."
Says Great Britain Is No Longer
Afraid of Labor Party-
Visits Vancouver
The sanity that labor ls showing In
its politicnl activities in Great Britain
has removed from the mind of its opponents that rear of tho consequences
of labor government Hint hus formerly existed, snys Mr. W. C. Itoblnson,
M.P. Tor Elland division of the west
riding of Yorkshire, who is in tho city
with Mrs. Robinson. They left England on August 11, Mr. Bobinson being a labor delegate to the A.F. of L.
convontion that hns just closed In
Portland. New York, Buffalo, Toronto. Chicago and several other cities
were visited oa the way west. Portland being reached the day bofore
the convention opened. , Friday Mr.
Bobinson arrived In Vancouver, where
he was met by Aid. R. P. Pettipiece.
who nlso took tbe visitor out for a
drive around the city. Leaving on thb
Canadian National, Mi-. Robinson
reached Winnipeg on Tuesday morning, and at thc request of Mayor S. J.
Farmer of that city, will stay for a fow
days and take part in the federal by-
election In the Interest of tbe Labor
Since the inaaguration of the New
South Wales State-owned coal mine
there has not been one day's stopage
due-to twmble between the manage'
ment and tbe miners.
What Collapse of Mark Actually
Means to Individual Worker
in Germany
I Labor Pross Service]
London, Oct. 4.—What tbe collapse
of the murk actually means to the in
dividual worker In Germany is polg
nuntly   \ evealed   ln   a   letter   received
by   Dr.   Tollbuch,   principal     of    tho
Workers'  college  at  Dusseldorf,   who
is In  England  on a short visit.    The
writor, a woman member of the Metnl   Workers'   union,   says:   "A   wn rehouse   mnnuger   of   our   co-opemlivt
society  has become Insane  quite .recently.    He   eo.ints     money. 4 count"
nnd counts und counts lo millions c
million:..     Another co-operative mana
ger has '-hot himself.    The rood sboi
are  quite empty.    Women and  chil
dren stand In long fjues nil through
the  dttV—for  nothing."
There Is a message of warning to
ill workers of this country in a pa.
sage dealing witb the economic perils
of tbr international situation. "I
remember bow afraid und desporate
everyone was wben tbr- message of
the bnd harvest and famine in Bussia
was roiolvod.    However, sueh a thing
was   only    possible,    .-air!   some,    In    a
eountry   without   or   almosl   without
Idea Flew like F_re on Diy Grass
Over Oreat Britain, Europe
and America
Such Organiiation Hurt of Neces
■ity Come Into Sharp Con-
flict with the State .
[By Andrew Furuseth, President of
the International Seamen's union
of America j
'THE GENERAL situation along the
Pac _'c Coast taken together with
what apears to be a rather widespread sentiment ln favor of some kind
amalgamation into one big union
seem to require that this panacea
should be looked Into with at care.
The one big union is the child of
the so-called bourgeois—Iheir estate
—or to'-V-i'l.inuu based upon bu .ir.e--s,
trade and commerce. The very first
action of tho state goneral when called
together at the beginning' of tho
French revolution was to create the
one big union by the ropeni of all the
laws which permitted the existence
and which gave to the guilds the
otatus, which they theu occupied.
There were to be no voluntary associations with voluntary self given laws.
It mattered not If such associations were based upon blood, land or
skill—they wero to be abolished.
There was to be onc big union of all
the poople. It was found, however,
that ln Ihis great brotherhood all the
plums fell to the most cunning, the
most far-sighted nnd strong. Tho
plain toller got all tbe hardship with
a crust; while the leaders of the new
brotherhood obtained all or practically
all  the so-called  good  things.
Humanitarians, such as Robert
Owon, tried to organize tbe tollers
Into one big union of tho tollers. Tbe
idea flew like firo in dry grass over
Great Britain and Europe and then
had its reflex lu the United States under tlie name of the American Labor
Union. There wuh a. fervent belief,
then as now, that mass and bulk Is
strength, hence the one big union.
Plan Didn't Ktniul Test
It wns found, however, that there
wore Inherent difTerences of Interest
among the workers and- tn the test
of the daily struggle for existonce the
ono big union disintegrated, leaving
a memory and no more. Voluntary
associations based upon common craft
skill or upon common interest In and
knowledge of a railing were being
quietly organized.
Then ramc the Chartist movement
In Kngland with Its cry of one big
union. Of course It wns mainly political and went to pieces when tbe
corn laws were passed and the disintegrating group interests came to the
surface. Tho American Labor Union
went Into politics wilh Its hopes nnd
aspirations, but was badly beoten nnd
disintegrated under ibe group spirit,
Then we had Ihe third attempt In
Groat Britain to use the advantageous
position of Ihe higher skilled to lift
(ho lesser skilled up Into un equal
social well-being with the higher
skill.',i. The English trade unions
assisted ln the organisations of ihe
International Workmen's Association.
II. too, went like fire In thc dry grass
but nnnlly extinguished Itself. The
force behind the movement—the trade
unions—found themselves swamped.
stripped or their usefulness, nml quit.
The on.. I.lg union hnd lalle.l again
an.]  for the same reason.
HVo in Hi.. Unltod States the sec-
mi.I  allcinpl   was  Hi,.   IClilgllls  i.f   l.:i.
j !>"'•■ li bad n run like n shooting
slur. Ii .li.'.I .mi like ii .hunting
star, because li undertook l.. lift nil
ib.-   working   population   through   a
I mass movomonj oslonslbly Industrial;
bul in fad political.    Ii, was trying to
I I.iillil   n   new   soclly   wliliin   thc   old.
'■ '.I
: thai Un
ml   III,
would bi
nlil     I...
i.n  wltb
Idler  .
nils nn n mil.
prohonslblo mi
e ihe black misery which
oM. [orcod down lu the
of the capitalist system.
■ iilitriex.
to thou
Totnl   1,1130.0110
This totnl, as stilled, Is alinul equul
lo Ihe ('(Unbilled populntion of Glasgow, Cnrdlff. Nottingham and Norwich.
Religions £ .. Denomination
To whnt religious denomination du
vou belong?   Answering this quostion
on   his  census  paper  nn   Australian
wrote: "£ a. d."
Who Is tilt) Goat?
A goal lu- br saya: "A lady bonghl
a pair (if kid shoes and paid 115.76
for lliem. On lbe same day and In
Ibe same way I bail n liumlio. of kill
hides for sale and gnl in cents each
fnr thom."    Ii look  116 lild-sklns lo
buj nm- pair (ii shoes, am! nt leust
100 pairs of shoes could have boon
mado  from  the   lit  skins  fot  Whloh
Hu- In- ler receives the prico of .lie
p.ili- nf slii.es. Whoro did lb.- othor
kid-skins go boforo tbey wore sold as
sliiies'.' It's it mighty rough road raw
material has lo travel before the <-<ui-
sumcr Is tnken prisoner.—Farm and
Suspend I'llWIratlnn
Tin. Labnr_ News, a logical ami
forceful labor paper of Tlininlns. Out.,
bus suspended publication. 11 was
published by tho Porcupine Mine
Wnrkers' union, Win. KJIIegrow,
managor, In the interests of tho wage-
oarners of  Northern  Omtarlo,
In the long run the muse effeitlve
method of tempcrnnce reform is to
givo the people decent conditions of
life, says  H.   B.  Lees-Smith,  M.  P.
bloodless  nml   sat,..
Group liitrre-is llni' lo Kinross
Again tho disintegrating group Intorests ramc  ill   Uie way.    Thu (mnil
compact groups woro again used re-
gardb-ss uf Hull- Immediate Interests
and mi mtn b to iiielr disadvantage,
that thoy kiilied over lbe lines and
quit. And su llieu did the Nnlnhls
of Labor.
In Great Britain and Amorica
alike thoro bad been attempts al the
one big union, nnd they luid failed.
In Grent Britain three such attempts,
in   America   two.    in   cn.it   Britain
lhe workers were ciireil and mlghl
have remained so, but for the employors' attompt In use tbe stato as their
shield. That brought, politics in lho
fore over there.
Here Hi,, unions lining purely Industrial—oxoludlng all who did not
work In the business or calling from
the union—souglif'to co-ordinate the
movomonl ibrough voluntary associations of lhe unlons-^tho American
Federal ion of Ubor.- Then came In
this country the Iblrd attompt at the
one big union In lbe shape of Iho I.
W. W. On iho surra, e Ii is Industrial
inn fundamentally It is political, n
•eeks to organize ihe tollers Industrially and Ihen io use thom politically
In a revolution—to Inke charge of
the stale.
Such organisation must of necessity
enme Into sharp conflict wilh lhe state
as such.    It Is nol n struggle between
classes, as ll Is sometimes called. It
(Continued on page  2) ■V1U*M!IUWIIMHt_3_Htni
FRIDAY October 19, W_
British Columbia Federaionist
Published every Friday by
The   British  Columbia  Federationist
Busineu Offlce: 1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office: Room 306—319 Fender W.
Editorial Board: P. K. Bongough, It, H. Nool-
i anda, George Bartloy. ______
Subscription Bate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1,50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16o per membor per
Unity of Labor:   The Hope of thc World
FRIDAY October 19, 1923
EXPLOUATOKY mirveys of wator
power sites for Vancouver have
just been completed by ,1. G. G. Kerry,
consulting engineer. In a very extended report, which he bus submitted to .Mayor Tisdall, Mr, Kerry
points out that tho survey parties
were organised exclusively of members oif the engineering profession
resident in Vancouver; that they performed their tasks with most satisfactory results. "And it can now be
said that no city in Canada Is more
richly endowed with water-power resources than Vancouver; and that a
total of over 5,000,000 horse-power
can be obtained from the rivers and
lakes near by to the city.
• *       •
The report further states that the
Cheakamus river when strengthened
by diversion of tho waters from Green
river would give a peak toad of about
1,000,000 horse-power. Again, the
cost of developing and transmitting
35,000 horse-power from Stoney
creek, near Daisy lake, on the Cheakamus river to Vancouver has been
estimated by W. V. Hunt, CR, at
about $3,000,000.
Toronto in 1921 demanded a peal-
load (including both the municipal
and the private company services) of
about 110,000 horse-power; In 1922
about 150,000. Last year Winnipeg's
peak, load was about 90,000. Toronto
paid at the rate of $18.54 per horsepower year. It cost Winnipeg $16.
This wilt be reduced as demand for
power and light increases. The initial cost to Vancouvor for 35,000
horse-power from thc Cheakamus
would be about $12 per horse-power
• e •
For house lighting, Winnipeg is
now paying, slates the report, on the
average 2% centa per kilowatt hour
net. Toronto pays a similar amount
for like service. "The introduction
of such rates in Vancouver," Mr.
Kerry estimates, "would result in
a reduction of the cost of lighting
for domestic consumers, aa against
a base rate of 5 cents per k. w. hour,
or roughly $400,000 per annum—
with a reduction of possibly half as
much again in payments from stores
and  other commercial lighting."
* *       »
Among the several recommendations of Engineer Kerry theae are
timely, to wit: (c) That the provincial
government bc requested to reserve
for the city of Vancouver all the
water-power sltea on the Cheakamus
river, and on its tributaries, especially those on Stoney creek; (d) also
storage rights on Garibaldi, Daisy,
Cheakamus, Alta, Nita and Green
lakes, and on Soo river meadows.
* «       •
(e) Legal officers of the city should
be instructed to study the legislation
of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec
with regard to the joint use of pole
lines and underground ducts with n
viow to preparing enabling acts of
legislation along the same lines.
name for co-operation. In Great
Britain, Australia, New Zealand as
well as in Canada, tho populace have
come to understand that the good of
tho individual can only be found and
conserved by seeking the welfare of
•        •        «
Shall the municipality own or be
owned? Shall the city and adjoining municipalities own their own
hydro-electric system [as outlined in
another article], or shall private corporations or others own it and the
general government? The danger con-
Cr-onting the masses and threatening
the peace and welfare of the country
Is not of the "bootlegger" variety of
law-breakers, but is found In the lawlessness of capital and anarchy of
corporations. Can the big invested
interests he made subject to law and
justice? That question needs to be
settled before tho great barrier against
municipal ownership can be lifted
and It becomes the success it should
American  Federation  of  Labor
Meets in Session at
Portland, Ore.
CHILD WELFARE associations at
a recent meeting in Winnipeg reported that there are 25,000 children
under the age of 14 years employed
in industry in Canada . Asked for
corroboration of these figures , the
department of labor at Ottawa replied
that they had not attempted to gather
any statistics on this important matter. Such lack of attention to such
a vital problem as child slavery is a
disregard of the plain duties expected of labor departments in any country. The department of labor in Canada, at least in this respect, is negligent in its duties.
The One Big Union
(Continued from Page 1)
IT HAS been argued in daya gone by
that a serious menance would always bo found in municipal ownership, No one remembers, however,
having heard anyone specifically locate the danger. The time was when
it was a settled conviction that the
manic-ipallly, or the government, or
bo h, must keep hands off business.
Which was somothing that only individuals and private corporations had
ft right to engage In, If you define
bm.ini'.... to he merely getting money
—not earning tt—irt order to enrich some porson or persons, the point
is well tnken. But when it comes
to a question of adding to the expenditures and assets of the municipality,
then every ethical consideration
agrees, logically and conclusively,
that It Is -the- businoss of all the people—whether it concerns the municipality  or  general   government.
• •       *
H.   D.   Lloyd  says:   "Our  problem
is a paradox; we must havo puro
government in order lo municipalize,
nnd -we must municipalize in order
to have pure government" As
result of tbe work that has been done
in many citios— large and small-
control street railways, electric power
and lighting, untold thousand.! of dollars of the public's money hoarded
and Idle is now Invested for the general good of tlio people. Avarice
has made—and will continue to make
—-ov-'i-y conceivable effort to koop
the ,'eople from enjoying whst belongs to them. However, we are
rapidly approaching a period where
history, not less theory, Is gravitating toward our view point.
* •       •
I'ublh   ownership   is   only   another
Is an effort to take charge of and to
uso tho state.
Bljr Union Plnn Bi-iiiiix Autocracy
Being very large and unwfeldly tho
one big union needs, so far as the
world to-day knows, to be governed
by an executive committee. When
that is developed the real self-government passes out. In industry—
built by the joint action of all factors
—the autocratic principle spells
death. If the attempt be made to
govern the sections of the big union
as trade unions are governed the
majority will rule as a matter of
course and it will follow what lt
thinks are Its own interests.
Apply this to the seamen and the
harbor workers and we shall have
at least ten harbor workers to one
seamen in the meetings. What will
then happen to the seamen? Why,
he will be relegated to being the servant of the harbor workers without
any effective say in any decisions.
His will be a case of simple obedience
to the orders of the majority. He
will be compelled to go on shore In
overy harbor while the harbor workers do the work on the ship.
We already have that condition obtaining, at least very extensively, both
in Oreat Britain, on the continent and
on the east coast of the United States.
You know the result. You come into
port and you go on shore to eat up
your earnings und then look for some
other vessel ready to proceed to sea.
You can not earn enough to keep decent clothing on yourself. You are
doomed to single blessedness while
you are sailing, because you can not
■ake care of a family even If some
woman should be foolish enough to
marry you.
Seamen Would Be Helpless
But you say: we shall all act upon
the principle that an injury to one
is an injury to all. That of cours&
■n a fundamental truth; but neither
ihe individual nor still less the group
can really apply that to themselves,
.«hen they want something. Tlie
group, rspecially, will considor that
anything which is good for it, is good
You will be helpless. The long-
■jhoremen call a strike and you must
•nit. Vou leave at least one-half of
yonr wages behind. The longshoreman leaves nothing behind. In nearly
every country you go to Jail, the-
lonfftfhoreman goes home. The strike
la settled or lost, while you are In
prison. You come out, nobody knows
you. You ure alone, destitute, and;
you have loHt all. You manage- to
get on board of another ship and you
arrive In the next harbor to repeat—
as likely as not—the same performance.
You nre hunting for help and yoa:
acquire shackles. You distrust your
own power, and you become the abject
dependent not upon the master,, bot
upon your fellow toiler. You might
get some consideration from the master as he is an individual, but you
can expect no consideration from the
group, Which conceives it to be £n their
interest to use you and break you.
The one big union may or not be
the thing for the man on shore. Let
somebody elso consider that at this
time. It can bring nothing but disaster to the seamen. Please look at
ho East and at Europo and see what
will happen to you here.
One Big Union mi Absurdity
Of course tt may be that there are
men among us, who are either unwilling or unable to do harbor work
on the vessels; but then you should
quit tho soa, because something like
00 to 70 per cent, of the world's sea
port.** have no harbor workers and
here you must do your best, what
e\'or that best may ho.
It. matli-rs not from what seamen's
point of viow you look at the one big
union, I' Is an absurdity—an evil, It
shackles you. It has no hope,
nortilblfl chijm'-e of improvement, If
you will think it over you will find
that  the seamen   when  attending  to
Doings and Sayings of Delegates
—Summary of Proceedings in Brief
The American Federation of Labor
reiterated its friendship for the American Legion when tho delegates received with volumes of applause the
address of Captain Charles P. Plummer, vice-commander of tho legion.
It has already approved of that section of the executive committee's report which told of the amicable relations between the legion and the
* *        *
General Frank T. Hines, director
of the veteran's bureau, explained
the work of the bureau and paid
eloquent tribute to labor for its patriotism during the war. Chaplain
O'Connell of the American legion
and Rev. Father George Campbell of
St, Mary's cathedral both addressed
the convention, the former on the
alms of the legion and the latter on
the attitude of the church toward
* *        *
The convention adopted a committee report that it fall to indorse a workmen's compensation
resolution on the grounds that the
measure, originating in the building trades convention, did not have
the endorsation of that body. Other
resolutions, adopted by tho convention, called attention to the fact
that ship-owners are driving American
seamen from the merchant marine,
that attempts to throttle labor are being made and urged the enactment of
better compensation laws for federal
* *        *
"The policy and practice of the
American Federation of Labor to be
partisan to principle and not to be
partisan to political party has been,
fully justified by experience," read'
the report of the committee which
had delved into the political activity
subject, a report that was adopted
by tho convention as a whole.
* *        *
The American Federation of Labor
convention listened to hours of argument for a third party yesterday and when the oratory was done
voted 25,006 to 1895 against Indorsing such a movoment. That out of
the way, it devoted hours more to
discussion of resolutions calling
upon the American government to
recognize the Soviets.
• *        •
Delegate Walker produced a telegram from the Chicago federation Oi
labor, commonly recognized as the
most radical of all the larger central
bodies in the federation, repudiating
William Z. Foster. The repudiation-
of Foster, the telegram said, was by
a vote of 114 to 26. The importance
of this lies in the fact that it waa in
the Chicago federation that Foster got
his start in the labor movement and
that until now the organization has
stood behind him in all his flghta.
• • *
Organizod labor, by an overwhelming and almost unanimous vote,
rejected the proposal that the American Federation of Labor enter politics—that labor, with the farmer, constitute a third party.
• »        *
Modification of the Volstead act to
permit manufacturers and vending of
wholesome beer and light wines, reaffirming its stand on this question
taken at previous times, was urged
by the convention of the American
Federation of Labor Wednesday afternoon. The vote, which enme after
there had been a score or so delegates on the floor approving or criticizing the action of the report, which
committee reported in favor of modification, resulted in an "overwhelming adoption of the report."
A motion to recognize the lady barbers whether the journeymen barbers
recognized them or not was defeated
by a large vote. It was shown that
such action would undermine* th_e
whole foundation of tho lalior movement, in taking from the Individual
unlona the Inalienable night to< decide
the   personnel   of   Its   membership.
• * *■
Tbo convention adopted' resolutions
providing for the- organlaatiwi of
editorial workers on. daily and weekly newupayors; that representatives
urge investigation leading to a reduction in the cost of living.; that a survey be made of wor king eon ditto ns in
the Phllliplno- islands, the cost to be
borne by the Lute mat tonal organizations affected..
"We are going ta ask every congressman that he pledge himself to
vote for an appropriation for the re-
establishment of the governmental
employment service throughout tho
country," said Emanuel Koveleski,
delogate at the labor convontion from
the Hotol and Restaurant Employees'
association. Secretary of Labor Davis In convinced that the re-establish
ment of the government employment I
bureaus will be of great beneflt to the
working classes of the country. The
service, started in war time and discontinued soon after the armistice was
signed, curbed the many abuses of
the private employment system. It
tended to drive out of existence that
obnoxious system of the proverbial
three gangs—one coming, one working, one going—and its attendant
collusion between the private employment agent and tho dishonest foreman. "I predict that within a couple
of years, you will see the re-establishment of the governmental employment
* *        *
With practical unanimity, the Seattle central labor council has yielded to the demands of the American
Federation of Labor, and pledged its
support to the parent body. Martin
J. Flyzlk, district president of the
mino workers, led the argument for
adoption of tho report. "In view of
tlie foot that the executive council
strongly was urged to cancel our
charter at once," said Flyzlk, "their
method of dealing with the controversy
clearly Is conciliatory and we should
meet it in that spirit." On the final
vote many council members whose
radical proclivities have been a matter of personal pride with them, voted with the conservatives to save the
An attack on the I.W.W. by Andrew ]
Furuseth, grizzled leader of the seamen's union, was a feature of the
Thursday morning session. The real
menance of the wobblies, Furuseth
doclared, came not from the working
men who constituted the organization, but from persons of wealth who
secretly supply the funds by which
the I.W.W. carry on its propaganda.
Only a few, the faithful members i
of the' "left wing" voted for recogni-1
tion of soviet Russia. Generally, the
A.F. of L. convention was "anti-red."
Mr. Gompers led the fight on radicals
an radicalism. Olher leaders took
a similar view, Many of the formal
speeches' delivered during the convention were largely attacks on communism, sovietism and other revolutionary or radical ideas.
* *        *
The .Japanese question assumed a
position of importance for a short
time when the report of the committee on legislation was being considered. The committee concurred
in a resolution crltlzing tiio Importation into Hawaii of coolie labor, and
Delegate Schallenburg of the Seamen's
union, told of a recent visit to Hawaii.
Tho Japanese, he said, were adverse
to intermarriage, they settled on land
and held It, they had no desire to
become citizens, and they were becoming a tremendous menance. There
was no labor scarcity in Hawaii, he-
declared, and the importation of the
coolies wob unwarranted. The resolution was adopted.
* »        *
Registration  of aliens was held to
be antagonistic to the advances of
labor, and ft was recommended that
the executive council use every effort
to have defeated any such legislation.
«■- <- «
Before the convention closed, shortly after noon on Friday, it reelected
Mr. Gompers as president, Frank
Morrison, as secretary, and the eight
vice*-presidents for the coming year.
It choose El Paso, Tex., as Its next
convention city and selected Peter J.
Brady, of New York and Edward
Gainor of Washington as the fraternal
delegates to the' British trades union'
*' * *
The election of officers was largely
a formal matter. No one opposed
Mr. Gompers. He was chosen unanimously. No one- opposed Mr, Morrison, and Ire, too, received an unanimous vote. No one opposed James
Duncan, Joseph F, Valentine, Frank
Duffy; William Green, T. A. Rickert,
Jacob Fischer, Matthew Woll or Martin Ryan as vice-residents. Daniel
Tobin received the unanimous vote
of the convention for the post of
treasurer of the federation. Mr.
Brady and Mr;  Gainor were the sole
In Canadian Immigration—Oreat
Britain Largely Responsible
for Increase This Year
Investigated by Traveling Women
Inspectors with Long Experience in Canada
T-HE  YEAR   1923   Is  heralding  the
dawning of a now era in Canadian
immigration, says an Ottawa despatch, During the first fivo months
of the presont year 39,441 immigrants
entered Canada, or 41 percent, above
the total for the corresponding period
in 1922. Great Britain Is largely responsible for that increaso. If the average rate continues tho total for the
twelve months should be 100,000, an
Indication of a return to normal conditions.
So far there have boon no official
statistics given out of those leaving
Canadian railways conduct parties
of immigrants from the British Isles
under the personal guidance of officials, who remain with them from the
time they leave England until they
settle in new homes. The presont
summer has witnessed the arrival of
personally conducted parties from the
Hebrides, -Switzerland and Norway, as
well as England, under tho auspices
of governments, railways and other
The large number of superfluous
women in England has causod the
railways to add to their offices a
women's department, where applicants for positions in domestic servico and other callings are recoived
and investigated by travelling women
contenders-for the  position  of dele-
gales  to   the  British   convention.
» * *
Only ou tho matter of the choice
of a convention city was thore division, and EI Paso won over Detroit,
Mich., by a small margin. The decision to choose the Texas city was
duo largely to an appeal from Major
George Berry, president of the printing pressmen, wiio urged on the delegates the advisability of gathering
at the border town in order to meet
and understand the Mexican labor
movement, which will hold its convention ut the same lime ln Juarez,
across the Rio Grande from El Paso.
About one hour of the time at Friday morning's session, was devoted
to' routine work. And in that hour
the convention managed to start something that may end in diplomatic
trouble; It took a slap at Venezuela,
holding that that country is in the
grip of a dictator, that horrors of the
Spanish inquisition have supplanted
twentieth century freedom. The convention called on the Pan-American
federation of labor to Investigate the
chargos against the government of
Venezuela, presented to- the convention by the Porto Rlcan delegation,
and if found true to call on all American nations to inaugurate a diplomatic and economic boycott of that
•        *■       *<
The labor temple dance hall never
held a larger crowd than was gathered there Thursday night for the
grand ball given by the local entertainment committee, complimentary
to the officers and delegates to the
convention of the American Federation of Labor. It was estimated that
between 1000 and 1200 persons attended the function.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Scotch Wool Blankets
MADE expressly for those who do not ask
how cheap, but how good.  In the long
run it pays to buy Lammermoor. We know.
Size 66 by 80 Inches, $9.75 pair.
Size 66 by 80 inches, $11.75 pair.
Size 68 by 86 inches, $11.75 and $13.50 pair.
Size 72 by 90 inches, $13.50, $15 and $19.30
Crib Blankets
30 by 45 inches, $5.75 pair.
36 by 54 inches, $6.75 pair.
45 by 63 inehes, $9.75 pair.
Plaid, Pink and Light Blue Extra Heavy Blankets,
72 by 90 inches—$20 a pair.
—Dryldnlo's  Staple  Shop,  Firil Floor
575 OranviUe Street Phone Seymour 3540
inspectors with long   experience    in
Canadian conditions.
In Southern Alberta the Land Settlement department of the Irrigation
council encourages settlement of irrigated land and aids farmers of small
capital. In tho Lethbrldge northern irrigation districts parcels of from
five to ten acres of land are being ro-
served for farm workers who, while
contributing to the dovelopment of
the larger farms, have their own small
irrigated farms al work producing an
Income. Quebec is clearing colonization lots and erecting houses and
barns upon tliem, and in addition,
paying colonists $4 per acre for clearing their own land.
Relieved la twa minutes with
Jo-To rolieves gee pains, acid stomach, heartburn, after-eating distress and all forms ot
Indigestion quickly, without hnrtn.
AH Drug Stores.
their own business as seamen were
fairly successful. Uut it needs work,
fortitude unci patience, And that Is
tlio only rond lo re8totin£ to you your
true place among men.
Please think this over and you may
be .saved from dragging through the
iniro for years und yearn to come.
Friendship to all, (.specially to thore
who rccognlzo our equality with them.
Servitude to none, unless we must.
Such must lio lhe -.eamtm'R policy now
and  for a long timo In the future.
ror     ufaBeer.
____ "^'M
Ring up Pbone Seymour 2354
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Suit**   .101   Dominion   Building \
I compute the capitalized value of
a skillod engineer of twenty-three
years of age to be ubout $50,000, und
everyone that emigrates to the United
States is a present of thnt value for
which we get nothing in return, says
.1. T. Brownlle.
Ladies' Apparel from Our
Own Factory to You
«r»HOH Maker to Www" has
,C lii-eii the selling policy of thn
"Famoua" during fourteen years of
phenomenal business in Vancouver, lt
stands for the utmost possible value
in ail that is best in ladles' ready-to-
wear garments. See our wonderful
stock—prove it for yourself.
Famous SSftTk
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the  .'overniaent of Briti__- Columbia
Drugless Healing
THE marvellous results wo are having with our NEW TREATMENT
is very gratifying, both to ourselves
and our patients.
If they had, they would not know
how to use It; it Is tho result of
yoars »f study and research, sud wo
are thc only ones who have the equipment to give it, This treatment oould
not bo explained, nw is It possible for
overy ono to give It, nor will it he put
into the hands of anyone who is not
thoroughly trained to givo it—and
tlmt tuken years,
If YOU are interested, we will be
pleased lo show YOU if YOU make an
appointment—not otherwise, as our
time is fully occupied. We osk YOU
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard  Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
***• represent tht America. UnlTtriltj
of Sinlpracttc, Seittle, WMb,
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Motropolltu BnUdlnj
637 H-rti-n St. W. VANCOUVER, B. 0,
Telephone,: Sermonr 6fi_6 ud S88T
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:30 p.ml
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading roomi
901*903 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harriion 3. A. I*rrj|
Phoae Fairmont 68        p—
TTA VE you ovor liad a real drlnll
**of Puro Apple Cider during tl)J
last few years?
To mi.et tho desires of many clientsl
we have Introduced recently • pure deal
spnrkling apple cider in pint bottle J
oither pure sweet or government regulnl
tion 2% hard apple cider. These drink|
aro absolutely pure and freo from
carbonic acid gas or preservatives
any nature. Write or phone your ordel
today, Highland 90.
Older Munfietoren
1956 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B.
Cigar Store i
The Oliver Room!
Everything; Modern
Halt's lleiisotiublo
"A Good Platte to Eat"
The living voice affects men
more   than   what   they   read,"
Pliny,  the Younger.
Y"OUR voice conduct! your buslnesi |
•**• Directions that you  give porsoi
ally sre quickly and sccurstoly exeet
ted,   because   your   associates   oanne
fall   to  understand.     Bach   inflectlo |
haa a meaning for them.
Remember the telephone when yol
would confer with those interest*!
with you In business. Do not truflT
the cold written word—send yonl
voico, yourself by long distance tehC
phone. "
Two Short Words. Brlclgtiif the Gulf Between
Hire  jou  protected joamlf end ,eer lemll, _f_lnet nflk *n emersene,,
•Ith • SAVINGS ACCOUNT— tke molt ._l_-bl. Allot • mu eu tare for
the "RAINT DAT."
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND ,ea ie iUrt nek u _e_o_nt AT ONOE,
.t on. of onr City Brinehot-
HASTimg ud SETMOUB Om. I. ____■!, Huuu
Cordon ud Abbott loin ul tilth An. Htll ul Br*_v»7
Union Bank of Canad;
P.B.—lf you ire living Ib a eommnatiy aet prevlded with Benkleg bstlltlee. ad]
dress es by nail. Mil we win ke glad to faids yea la reepect to "Baiktag by Mall' ] FRIDAY October 19,
nPHESE plates are my specialty. Stolen-
■*■ tlflcally moulded—will not slip or
rock—ensure thorough mastication of
My fees for this work, and I'or all other
brunches of high-class dentistry, aro only
tin my estimate on nny dental work you
Hygienic Crown and Bridgework.
Fillings, Pyorrhoea Treatments,
Dental X-Ray Films.
All at half usual charges and all carrying
my written
Extraction of Teeth
In my private office.
Fully equipped for tho
administration of my
Painless Methods
of extraction — safe,
easy and without physical inconvenience to
the patient.
Remember — This Is
NOT u publie demonstration.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly membor of tho Faculty of the College of Dentistry, University of
Southern California; lecturer on Crown and Bridgework; demonstrator in
Plate work and Operative Dentistry, local and general anaesthesia.
602 Hastings Street West
Phone, Seymour 3331       Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
Council — President,  R.   H.  Neelands,   M.
i Ii, A>; general secretary, Percy R. Bengough,
Office: 808, 819 Pender St. West. Phone Sey.
7*105.     Meets in Lubor Hall at 8 p.m. on
the first and third Tuesdays in month.
Meets second Monday in the tnonth.    President, J. R. Whito; secretary,  R. H. NVel*
ands. P. 0. Roi 06.	
d*iv(t     Street    West—Business     meetings
. evory   Wednesday   evening.     A.    Maclnnis,
chairman;   E, H. Morrison, aec-troas.;  Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
B. C, corresponding secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
[ Information re securing speakers or the for*
f -nation of local branches, kindly communicate
with provincial Secretary J, Lyle Telford,
524   Birks   Bldg,,   Vancouver,   B.   0.    Td."
\ phone Seymour 1392, or Fairmont 4tf33.	
socond Thursday evory month, 819 Ponder
1 Stroet    West.      Prosidont,    J.    Brightwell;
I financial secretary, II. A, Bowron, 929—llth
, Ave. East- 	
AU   Unlet!   of  America—Local   120,   Van*
couver, B. C, meets second aud fourth Tuck*
, days In fault month iu Room 313—319 Pon*
der Streot West. President, C. E. Herrett,
I 71 Hastings Streot East; secretary, A. R.
. Jnni, 320 Caintiio Street. Shop phone, Sey.
1 2702,    Residenco phone, Doug. 217lit.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpers of America, Local 16-1—Meetings first
and third Mondays lu each month. President, P. Willis; secrotary, A. Fraser, Office;
Room 3.03—319 Pender Street West.    Office
f hours. 9 to 11 hid, and 8 to 5 p.tn.	
bricklayers   or  mnsnns   for   boiler   works,
„tc,   or  marble setters,   phone   Bricklayers'
\ Union, Labor Templo.	
I UNITED BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS and Joiners, Local  452-—President,
. R. W. Hatley; recording secrotary, w. Page;
j business agent, Wm. Dunn. Ofllce: Room
304—319 Pender Streot West.    Meets second
, and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,  Room  5,  819
| Pender Street West.	
fcnd third Fridays in each month, nt 14fl Cov-
I dova Street West. President, David Cuthlll,
2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
I Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.	
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Clever folk are dangerous: martyrs and heroes independable. I
want simple folk and simple minds
to apply common sense to the art of
government. The British Labor party
has taken thut line, says Ernest Bevln.
I      Steam   and   Operating,   Local   844—Meets
every Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
1 Temple.   President, J. Flynn; business agont
and financial secretary, F. S. Hunt; recording
secretary, P. Hodgos.
Prosldent, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
secretary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Firehall.
every first and third Monday In room 312—
819 Pender Street West.    President,   J.   R.
Hawthorne; financial seoretary, A. Padgham,
Joyce Road Post Oftee, Vancouver, B,  C.;
recording seoretary, G.  Tether,  2249—4£.th
i Ave. East, Vancouver, B. 0-	
' Union, Local 28—141 Beymour Street.
Mtets first and third Wednesdays at 2:80
p.m. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
8:30 p.m. Executive board meets every
Tueiday at 8 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar
justness agent, A. Graham, Phone Seymour
| MACHINISTS LOCAL   162—President, Leo
George;  secretary, J, G.   Keefe;   business
(agent, P. R. Bengough. Office: 309, 819
Pender Stroet West. Meets in Room 313—
.UD Pondor Stroot West, on first and third
Thursdays In month.
■ MACHINISTS  LOCAL   092—President,   Ed.
Dawson;   secretary,    R.   Hirst;    business
[agent, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 309—316
Vendor Street West. Mistts In Room 3—
319 Pmtder Straet West, on second and 4th
TiU'Btlqyfi In month,
■«*f«._«!_ \ ClR'CJI&.yAtlDEVIUF'.,
OF   OHRKEKT   _________   MU
1-lK Show lilt or tlio Season
Matinees,  Thura.  Frl. and  Sat.
Towa and d'Hortyn
An Added attraction
A delightful  after-pieco in which all
the artistes  unite  for a real  funfp.it.
Attractive Pictures  Concert Orchestra
Box Office, Seymour 852
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management,]
A Correction
[Note—The attention of The Federationist has been called to two mlsrep
resentatlons in a letter in last week's
issue by James Forbes, namely; (1)
The sailor's union of the Pacific gullt>
of deserting their comrades in the
flght (seafarers' strike); (2) the S.
U. P. weakened and voted to go back
at the old and unspeakable conditions. These arc not the facts of
tho case. While The Federationist is
not "responsible for the views expressed by Ha correspondents, at the same
time, it is morally bound not to print
stuff that serves no good purpose and
Is hurtful to those who are not to
blame. The Federatlonist will not
knowingly publish anything but facts
and these without exaggeration
Editor Federatlonlstl.
Standard i7.it tlon
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The
average salaried man or wage worker
to-day is neither slave nor serf. He
is neither tied to tho soil nor ls he
tho property of the owner; he is a
free man. Dissatisfied with one employer, he may Belect another. This
measure of freedom is, of course, more
apparent than real. The worker Is
compelled to sell for wages the only
thing he hns for sale, his power to
work. Compelled thus to sell what
cannot be separated from him, he literally soils himself. He has becomo
a marketable commodity. Like all
other commodities, it is subject to the
law of supply and demand. Taking
all these facts Into consideration, can
one help but agree with Dr. Eliot
when he says that the ideal of education is "the utmost possible variety
of individual attainment"? Obviously
this ideal cannot be reached If our
education is to bo so standardized that
It must of necesssity confine our
knowledge to anything but a general
understanding or what is to bo required In after life. What is true of
the student is true of the worker. In
order properly to market his commodity he must have a broad, general
knowledge of business, and this one
cannot liave if he has beon trained
according to the methods of standard-'
izatlon. L. M. S.
Vancouver, B.C., Oct, 17, 1923.
The following restaurants employ
UNION, Local 145, A. F, of M.—Meets at
tMuose Hnll, Humor Street, Becond Sunday,
at 19 a.m. Preaident. Ernest C. Miller, 891
Ntdiion Street; secretary, Edwurd Jainloson,
(891 Nelson Street; flnanc— ....
Williams, OBI Nolxon Street; organizer, P.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street. 
TORS and Paporhangors of America, Local
136. Vaneouvor—MeotB 2nd and 4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova Streot Wast. Phone,
3oy, 8610.    Businesa Agent, H. D. Collard,
Restaurants employing Whito Cook-.,
Walters or Waitresses:
Hoy's Lunch, Granville St.
dim's Care, Granville St.
Orpheum Cafe, Granville .St.
Lodge Cure, Seymour St.
Pender Care, Pender St. VV.
Moonlight Cafo, Hastings St,
i Broadway Care, Hastings St.
1StSlirWiwftaw™w'BlI Victoria Cafe, Main St.
" ' Palace Cale, Cordova St.
.Morris Lunch,  Dunsmuir St.
Martinique Cafe, Granville St.
Lore's Cafe, Granville St.
Standard Cafe, Seymour St.
Good Kais Cal'e, Ponder St. W.
(.nui'Iity's Waffle House, Cambie St.
Umpire Care, Hastings St, E.
Golden Gate Cal'e, Hastings St. E.
King's Cafe, Carrall St.
Ouk's Cafe, Abbott Streot.
Only Oyster House, Hastings St W.
Busy Bee, Cordova St.
These Restaurants employ white lie'p
In tlie front only:
At me Cafe, Granville St,
Wonder Lunch, Carrall St,
Granville Ltineli, Granville St.
Si. Regis Cafe, Dunsmuir St.
All Vancouver Hotel waiters belong to the
A 1 ethers have nn agreement to hire Union
help, and believo In the open Khnji; they are
not entitled'to patronage from Union memberB,
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—MeetR at
12 Hastings Street West every Friday, at 6
Jas. TI.umi.son, flnanclal aeeretary.
Cordova St. Weat, P. 0. Box 671.   Phone
f[t*y. 6703.    Meetings every Monday at 7:30
J. Pearson, buainess agent.
Federated seafarers' union of b.
C—Meeting nights, flrst Tueiday and 8rd
Friday of rach month at headquarters, HIS
Cordova Street West. President, D. Ollles*
bit*; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 318 Cor
flova Street West. Branch agent's address:
Worrall,   576 Johnson   Street,   Victoria,
ployees, Plonoer Division, No, 101—Meets
!K. P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
3rd Mondays nt 10: IS a.m. and 7 p.m. Pro-
(ident, F. A. Hoover, 2400 Clarke Drive;
recording secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th
Ave, Esst.; treasurer, A F. Andrew; financial secretary and business agent, W. H. Col-
troll, 166—17th Ave. W. Offlce, oorner Prior
and Main Streets. Phone Fairmont 4S04Y
| America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Hntt Monday in en eh month, 8 p.m. Prenl-
pent, A, R. Oatnnby: vice-prealdent. Mrs.
polk; recording secretary, C. McDonald, P,
, Bos 603: financial secretary, P. McNeish.!
, 0. Box SOB, ;
irVPFrOR-VPHlOAl. UNION, No. 226—PreBl- ■
dent, R. P. Pl-ttlpiecB* vlcc-pro_Ident 3,\
Ml, Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee* I
lands, P. 0. B.s 60. Meets last Sunday of i
tAch  month  at 2  p.m.  in  Labor Hall,  SIS I
"■ender Street West- '
ATION—Meots at 091 NeKon Stnet, at 11 ;
i.m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-!
hay of the month. Preaident, E. A. ,!amie-
991 Nelsnn St.: Secretary. C. H. Wil-;
■tniiiH.   091  N.'iaon  St;   Business   <\ limit,   F. .
flotcher, 991 Nelson Pt. '
_ Pender Street West, Business meetings
fcvery 1st and 8rd Wednesday every month.
hi. Oarpendale, corresponding secretary; (1.
TPether,    financial    aocrotary;    J,    Halliday,
prnnch organiter.   j
I'Ki\i i'.       KUPKST       TTPOORAPHTCAI.
UVTON.   No.  419— Proald-nt.   8.  D. Mac
Idonald,  leeretary-treasnrer,  J.   M. Campbell,
Boost for
The Fed.
. 0. Box 869.
'Ue«u laet Thnrsday of mkIi
Esperanto Language
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: In this
day of more or less distress among
the peoples of the whole world, any
movement   whieh   purposes   a   better
feeling of peace and brotherhood between all nations and races, deserves
good will and support from the lover
of peace and truth.    Not so long ago
the greatly increased activity of those
advocating the common    world    Ian'
gunge, Esperanto, came to my notice
Being   Interested   in   anything   which
has practical value in promoting better relations nmong nations and at the
same time having great value in other
ways  besides,  I  quickly  learned that
Esperanto is not a fantastic chimera,
but is a verile, living language, advocated  aggressively  and  used  fluently
by   hundreds   of   thousands,   perhaps
millions, of people.    I learned further
that  this  movement  has  doubled  its
number of supporters since the end of
the   world   war.    I   learned   the  surprising   fact   that   one   can   learh   It
within  aa many  months  as  It  takes
years to  learn    national    languages,
which ls explained by its purely logical  construction   with   only   lfi  rules
of grammer, a purely  phonetic pronunciation  which   a   child   can   master within fifteen minutes of instruct-1
ion, and a most marvellous system of
word-building by affixes upon a relatively  few root  forms.      It  confers
great  educational   benefit   as  woll  as
pleasure to anyone, youn.? or old, who
learns  it.    It  is gaining great  head
way In the international language of
the   new  wonder,   the   wireless telephone.    It will soon be as commonly
known and  of as great  value to the
world as the wireless itself.wlth which
It Is so closely connected-as a world
fraternization farce.       Countries   of
Europe,   South   America     (especially
Brazil), and of the  Orient,  In spite
of  great  economic  obstacle!!  are advancing tho cauae of this unique and
beautiful   language   with   rapidly   Increasing force.    One can travel everywhere and  find warm  friends if one
speaks Esperanto.     Tens   of   thous-i
ands   of   every   nation   are   exchanging   correspondence   in   it,   a   feature
available to the student after Just a
few  hours study.
Any of your readers who are interested further are Invited to write
"The International Christian Esperanto Service League. Box 223. City
Hull Station, New York City." If
anyone interested In organizing or in
joining a local class for study of Es
perahto, I would be glad to-help, and
I Invite such to write me (give name
and address). If il is impossible for
you to help organize a local class or
group for study, leave out the last
line. But you are urged to at least
help get such tt class or group started,
whether you continue with it or no*.
J. .r.
Vancouver, B. C„ Oct.  12,  1923.
convinced there is nothing that anyone can say at this time that will convince them. I will, however, ask your
indulgence to put two or three questions that will perhaps do more to
make the matter clearer to the people
than any long columns of statistics
could do. In one of my recent letters
which had been printed in practically
every leading newspaper ln Canada, I
asked this question: "Is there a man
or woman in the whole dominion of
Canada who will say that it would not
be better for the country to have our
pulpwood manufactured at home
thereby leaving $50 iu the country for
every cord of wood cut, Instead of
having it exported and leaving only
the $8 to $15 per cord which is now
being obtained?". Despite the very
wide publicity given to this question,
no one has yet undertaken to answer
it. I will now further ask: "Is there
a man or woman ln Canada who Is
satisfied with living and business conditions as they now exist, and what Is
being done by the provincial or dominion authorities to bring about any
improvement?" The next question
naturally suggested is: "How can such
a change be brought about?" My reply is that such an improvement can
be brought about by Increasing the
number of our industries thereby giving employment to a larger population
and creating better markets for agricultural industry as well, which is of
greater importance now than ever
since the United States has placed an
embargo on our farm products, cattle,
flsh, etc. The next question is; "How
can we secure these additional industries?" The answer to this is that
they can be secured in no easier,
quicker or less expensive way than by
the very simple process of the government at Ottawa passing an ordor-
In-council to prohibit the export of
unmanufactured wood from Canada. I
personally know of at least three pulp
mills that would be built in one of
our provinces if such an embargo was
put into effect and other pulpwood
provinces would doubtless fare as well.
This would lead not only to still other
pulp mills being built, but also to the
establishment of additional industries
which would necessarily follow in
tlieir wake. Competition for the purchase of pulpwood under these circumstances would become so keen
among the home mills that such wood
would advance In value and not decrease as some of the American interests are trying to make the farmers
believe. If there Is n farmer in Canada who really believes that such an
embargo would not add to the value
and demand for his timber land and
his wood, then that man Is lacking in
the acumen that should characterize
the average Canadian farmer. When
Canada is still called a "young coun-1
try," it reminds me of the man who I
raises a colt and begins by calling it
the colt," and the animal continues
to be called "the colt" as long as it
lives. Canada has been settled just as
long as has the United States. The
United Slates hns a population of one|
hundred and twenty million people,
while Canada has less than nine million. We have been largely export-
era of raw materials which they havo
manufactured and growii rich on.
Americans are today operating nearly
fifty pulp and paper mills In the
United States, with a daily capacity
of one hundred tons newsprint each,
wholly on Canadian raw wood. We
supply the United States with the most
precious of all raw materials. We are
used as a dumping ground for their
surplus manufactured goods, coal and
other surplus products, and have an
embargo placed by them against our
fnrrn products, cattle, fish, and In faot;
everything that we would really like
to export. Verily, "Yes, we have no
brains today." If the people of Canada are satisfied with present business
and living conditions, and do not want
any change for the better, then there
is nothing more to lie said, but unless
my hearing has become defective, and
my eyesight Ih falling, this is very far
from being the situation.
Montreal,  Oct.   12,   1928.
Orpheum, The Place for a  Hearty
La ii jih
Comedy is again the big feature en
ihis week's Orpheum bill which opened Wednesday night and closes Saturday night. William Seahury and
liis company of five handsome young
women In a clever dancing act, called "Privollc," are providing a high
class excellent turn, Then thero Is
Roger Imhol' and Co., who drive away
dull care with their act "In A Pott
House." Kcnnoy and Hollis, "The
Two Dociors" have a clever satire on
medicine which draws laugh i galore.
Joe Towle Is a comedian who does
things in his own peculiar and inimitable way, A cowboy romance is ihej
forte of Will and Gladys Ahern. The1
Klown Revue, with Plootz bro!hers!
and sister Is a novelty turn entirely
new nnd well worth seeing. The threo
dancers have many novel tricks. The;
McSoverelgns who are master Dl.a-
bolo players present n scientific performance. Attractive pictures n nd
splendid musical selections by the
original Orpheum orchestra oomn'e'o
this bill which la exceptionally pleading.
[By L. L. Dickinson]
/THE ARCHITECT who conceives the
sky-scraper must flrst consider the
foundation on which the superstructure shall rest; digging deep and removing all surface obstacles are absolutely necessary.
In planning the structure of peace,
a monumental pile erected to ten
million slain would not suffice. A shining cenotaph whose dome would pierce
tbe valuted sky would be of no avail
If the basic principles of peace wero
lacking. Poace, to be permanent,
must  be  universal.
The problem is an international one.
The principlo that "they should take
who have the power, and they should
keep who can," must be superseded
by the nobler, grander spirit of cooperation.
That society as at present organizod, rests on a false basis, ts becoming
more and more apparent to those who
think. The failures of the past to establish poace have been due largely
to fundamental defects. To romove
these defects so that the "dove of
peace" may return and abide, is the
problem which now presents itself.
The problem is difficult because up to
the present time our education has
always been that no radical chango
should take place in those principles
on which society rests. But whether
we will it or not, the transition period
in history has come. In picturing
this change of conditiona which has
become imminent, the imaginative
ones vision a Titanic revolution with
its attendant horrors and bloodshed.
It Is, of course, possible thnt such a
cataclysm may take place, but it is
not absolutely necessary that it
After it is too late we discover that
most of the troubles in history, taken
at an enrly stage of their inception,
had been capable of peaceful solution,
Take for instance the American war
of emancipation. Tho fundamental
cause of the bloody struggle between
the North and the South was the profits of the slave business. Previous
to the election of Abraham Lincoln
as chief executive of the nation, there
is a possibility thnt war might have
been averted if public sentiment had
heen sufficiently educated, if tho slave
owners had been compensated, if the
South could have got its perspective
right, but it is not ours to reuson of
the wisdom of tlie methods employed
in bringing about so groat an emancipation. What is important to note ia
that the South seemed unable to realize the gravity of tho situation.
Aftor the British nation had freed
their slaves by purchase, after more
than thirty years of educative propaganda, the tragedy of war occurred.
Advocates of freedom had exhausted
their eloquence In vain, public sentiment refused to be educated until the
bugle sounded.
In the course of human events we
bave come to another crisis In history
—a crisis foretold by Lincoln himself
whon he said with prophetic vision:
"I seo in the future something more
disastrous than war itaelf, something;
that threatens to shake the Institu- >
tlons of the republic to their foundations, in the accumulation of wealth
into a few hands and the growth of
combines and  monopolies,"
More than half a century has passed
since these words were uttered. We
of this generation live nt the time of
the fulfilment of the prophecy. Capitalism has developed; It has grown
like the green bay tree; it has now
become the dread octopus of society
whose tentacles encompass the globe.
It liea at tlie root of all evil—has slain
its millions; it Is responsible on the
one hand for thousands of millionaires', it is accountable on tho olher
hand for the present world chaos—
for the unemployment, for tbe poverty and degradation of the masses.
Peace without bloodshed Is always
desirable, but there can be no poaco'
until tlie fundamental cause of strife
Is removed. If society would avoid |
tbe bloody revolution, it must take |
heed  from  history.    "Once
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to own the finest and most practical electrical cleaner ever made.
This special offer is on the latest model
—the famous new Hoover with the 10 revolutionary features—the fastest selling
electric cleaner ever made.
You've always wanted an electric cleaner
like this—now's your chance. Phone today
for a demonstration.  Seymour 1670.
Hudson's Bay Company
to get their prospective right Is very
renl. A change in perspective mean;
a great deal. It means the reorgani
ssatloh of society on the basis o
justice. It means the passing of two
systems (or two in one)—the proflt
system and the wage syatem. It
means an equitable readjustment of
tho matorial things of life so that all
may become shareholders in what
the world produces. Society must
now address Itself to peaceful reconstructive work  along  those lines.
Let the press and the pui
pit remomber how their divided counsel wrought confusion on the slnvory
question. Fall into line and cense
building peace air-castles without
foundation. A completo change must
take place in at least a part of the
school curriculum. "International
patriotism and universal brotherhood"
must be taught as the subjects of
paramount importance. While tho
child's mind is at an impressionable
i, lot ua cease to fill lt with narrow,
conservative, -national prejudice.
Tho solid foundation for peace is
justice and equity. The method of
completion for world's trade, whereby
one nation flourishes by tho destruction of another, has wrought chaos.
The system of production for proflt,
whereby the speculators and gamblers
grow rich whilst he producer grows
poor, must change for the system of
production for use.
Theae   are   the   fundamentals    on
which society must build tt) rear tho
permanent structure of peace.    Then
shall the poet's dream be realized:
"When the war-drum throbs no longer
And the battle-flag is furled
In  the  parliament of man.
The Federation of the World."
Some   men   imagine   that   n   union
comes out of the sky, and  that It  Is
made   to  order.       This   is  a   fallacy
which   only   active   participation    in
evBry! union affairs can destroy.    Why not
Two Evenings Added tn Allow All to
Got Benefit
Dr. Gorosh, who opened a free chiropractic clinic over two months ago
for the benefit of those unable to pay
for skilled chiropractic and drugless
treatment, reports that he gave 520
free treatments during the last two
months. He displays In his office a
number of letters received from grateful patients who have heen restored
to health and useful activity through
his treatment. Of particular interest
is the letter from Mr. Henry Hobday,
185 Commercial drive, city. Mr Hobday has suffered from asthmatic
bronchitis for the last seven years,
and to use his own words, thought
that life was not worth living. He
has had the best medical treatment
without benefit. After one week's
treatment by Dr. Gorosh he was able
to go hack to work and now reports
that he feels as good and healthy as
never beforc in his life.
The otflco of Dr. Gorosh is In the
Dominion building, rooms DOI! a,nd
003. The free clinic hours are from
9 to 10 every morning except Sunday, nnd Monday and Thursday evenings from G to 7.30. Regular office
hours arc from 10 to 12 and 2 to
5.80. Appointments can be had by
calling Sey. 4371.
Vou miiy wish io help Tlie Foderntionist. You ean do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In tho suliNeriptloii of your friend
or neighbor.
man and nation comes tin- moment to
pie lib*."    Just  as the South once had
thoir opportunity, si* opportunity
'mocks at the dour of the world today,
and demands tho peaceful solution o\
an inte national problem. Will wo
heed the demand ? Will we discern
the handwriting on the wall Inscribed
there by tbe goddess of Justice anil
Heroic times call for heroic measures. To avoid impending disaster
public opinion must be educated along
radical   lines.
Tbe danger that tbe Big Interests
who stand bnck of the governments
of the world, and their political
sattelites  who   follow  after,   will   faU
be  an   nctlve   member,   instead   of
After-Eating   Distress
And all forms of itunuch trouble, auch ■■
ftfti, jiains, ami. tour, burning stoiuftch are
all relieved in  two mlnutui by taking
Jo To ■old by all Druggist*.
Upstairs at 653 ORANVULE STREET
Kmbnnvo on  Hard  Times
Editor B. C. Federationist: So much
luable space has already been given
Up by the press of Canada to the cause
of forest conservation that I ahall refrain from attempting to answer the
columns of specious and facetious
tatements that bave recently appeared In pome newspapers in opposition
to tho proposed embargo on the exportation of unmanufactured wood.
Theie so-called arguments have been :
tvm-werod time and'a!gajn In the press.      ,»,,. „ nnM „._,. ,.„„,,, ■     ...
,. _.   ,       'V      . _,_.".' Pu* a one-ctnt stamp on thin paper
If their authors have not already been  Md mal, ,t to a fr|end<
Premier Mussolini   Says   Compulsion j
Will He Used—More Hall
Men lo (io
Premier Mussolini,    receiving    the
president of the Federation of Labor,
Ludovico d'Arnj-Otia, said tho govc n
ment would insist upon application of
the compulsory labor   contracts    be-!
tween employers and their men, but !
would not Interfere in    the    internal |
Working syndicates of any party, saya
a lute cable despatch    from    Rome.;
Signer   Mussolini   said   tbat  In   order.'
to make the railways a paying pro-!
position mnny moro thousands of rail
Workers would have to be dismissed. I
We like to see your money stay in B. C.
We like to see you get the best for your money.
"Do Yourself a Favor"
fifteenth year. no. 42 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, act
FRIDAY October 19, 1923
Cooler Weather Makes
One Think of Warmer
Our Stanfield's   Underwear,
at $3.50 suit is good.
Stanfield's grey Underwear,
at $3.50 is good value.
Men's   Khaki   Top   Shirts,
woollen, $3.00; high collar.
Raintest clothing-
Shirts  $6.00
Pants $5.00
Grey Shirts, Military Shirts,
Work Pants,  heavy tweed,
Solid Leather Shoes, 6-inch
top, $4.50.
Dayfoot's   Special,    6-inch,
Blankets, from $2.50 pair.
Men's Overcoats, $12.00.
Rain Coats, from $8.50.
Headlight Overalls, for railway men, $6.00 suit.
Labor Mayor in Devonshire
Councillor  F.   T.   Upton,   a  sorting
clerk  and   telegraphist,   is  to   be   tho
new mayor of Bidcford. Ho is the
founder of tho BideCord Trades and
Labor  council.
Why buy an inferior product when you obtain
BEST at the same price?
Canadian National Railways
The Continental Limited
9.50 P. M.-FROM VANCOUVER-9.50 P. M.
Boat Schedule
TO PRINCE RUPERT—Connecting with trains for'the East.
For Iii-ormatlon ami Reservations Apply
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET        Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Join Countries in which Monarchs
Are Now Relegated to the
Lumber List
Safely Tucked Away Under Tutelage of Nine Generals—It
Might Be Worse
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON, Oct. 4.—Whatever else
the Spanish revolution may achieve
in the course of its development it
has certainly succeeded in adding
Spain to the lint of countriea in which
Royalty—as spelt with an initial letter—is definitely regulated to the lumber list. Alfonso of Spain now joins
George of Greece and Humbert of
Italy in a kind of caged exile, loaded
with more than the indignities and
lightened with less than the freedoms
which belong to the estate of monarchs who less equivocally placed,
have made their "get-away" while
the road was clear and the going
good. The professions of "loyalty to
the king" which figured so largely in
the early manifestos of the Spanish
rebels wre so plainly perfunctory that
even Alfonso, not ordinarily the
brightest of souls, was not for a moment so far deluded by tbe flattery
of the phraseology as to put thom
to a practical test. After a moment's
hesitation—a mere Bourbon mannerism—he fell into tho role assigned to
him, nnd is now safely tucked away
under thc tutelage of nine generals.
In effect, Alfonso ceases to be a king
and becomes a subaltern. It might
have been worse, no doubt. 11
might have become a prisoner, lik
George of Greece, a flunkey, like Humbert of Italy, or an antique, like the
once   quite   prominent   Kaiser   "Bill
Subject    Being    "The    Warfare    of
Science with Religion and The
Gods ot Antiquity"
The speaker showed ttyit belief in
spiritual being lias been, and still is
the basis of all religion, and therefore, there must be a conflict between
this pre-scientiflc interpretation of
man, and his environment, based on
spirit creators, and dispensers of
good and evil, and the modern con
ccpts of science, based on the, uni
form ity of natural law and the un
creatability and indestructability of
matter und force. Many pictures
representing tbe ancient concepts of
spiritual rulers and holy trinities of
antiquity wore shown on the screen,
and it is quite evident that Judaism
and Christianity were composed o£
diverse elements taken from older
mythologies. Various pictures of
ancient Dieties were Bliown, some of
which were taken from Well's "Outline of History," and they proved conclusively that these ancient priests
and artists made their gods ln their
own image, except when occasionally
they used certain beasts to represent certain features and powers
which they desired their dieties lo
possess. For instance, some gods of
ancient Persia had the face of man
the body of a lion, and the wings of
an eagle, to indicate strength and
ability to navigate the air. Many
questions and some discussion made
this first meeting of the course very
interesting and several evenings will
still be devoted to the eonict between
"Science and  Superstition."
This coming Friday, Oct. 10, the
speaker will deal with "The Genlsls nf
Religion," Herbert Spencer's oelebra
ted "Ghost Theory of the Origin of
Man's Belief in Spirits," will be presented, and Grant Allan's famous
work, "The Evolution of the Idea of
God," will be referred to.
Trades and Labor
(Continued from Page 1)
Result oi' Disagreement nt Vein Crii/e
Between shipping Company
and  Their Meu
Advices from   Salina  Cruz,   .Mexico,
says that Salina Cruz shipping agents
of the Mexican Statos Line stale that
as a result of a disagreement between
Iheir company  and    the    Firemen's
union  of Vera Cruz, shipping service
between San   Frniu-lsco and  the west
coast of Mexico nnd Centra! America
has been suspended until October 31.
There are in India today about 26,-
000,000 Hindu widows, forbidden hy
iheir religion to remarry.
Patronize  FVt1prnfinnl.it  nde«rH«<
rpHIS month is our 13th
1 anniversary. This buainess
was started Friday, 21st of
October, 1910.
Genuine Grob Work Boot for
Men. with or without tou cap.
fi to ll.   Special S-.tlfl
Men's Knee Gum Hoots; 8 to 11,
nt   $1.15
Men's     Union-made     Railroad
Shirts  91.05 and SU.-""
Men's Tweed Pants, from Sit up
Stantlold's    Rod   Label   Underwear,   2-plocc  and   combination, per suit  iM,.".)
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys'  Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
, (Between 7th Md 8th Arenucs)
Photic Fnirmont 48.19
attended a meoting of representatives
from different organizations on Tuesday night called by Mayor Tlsdall to
discuss tbe report of Engineer Kerry
regarding the proposed hydro-electric
scheme, a summary of which is that
examinations have been made of
following rivers: Eagle, Squamlsh (below canyon), Cheakamus, Green, Pitt,
Lillooet, Harrison, Fraser (below Lytton), Thompso (below Savonas),
Chehalis and Chlllawack. Water
power possibilities of great importance-
may be obtained by diverting the waters of Chllco lake Into Southgate
river. Upper Squamlsh Into Jervia
inlet, and Cayuse creek from Duffy
lake Into Cedar creek.
Reports for private interests were
made on Indian, Bridge and Eagle
A total of over 5,000,000 horse-'pow-
er can bo obtained from rivers near
Vancouver, The most attractive of
these Is the Cheakamus, into which
it Is proposed to divert the headquarters of Green river. This will
Justify installation of machinery to
give a peak load of about 1,000,000
horse-power. Greater water-powers
can be developed on the Fraser river.
' The peak load demand of Toronto
In 1921 was about 110,000 horse-power, in 1902 it was about 150,000. At
Winnipeg in 1922 It was about 90,000.
Power on Cheakamus river cun be delivered In Vancouver at less cost than
either Toronto or Winnipeg. Tn 1921
Toronto paid thc Hydro-electric commission for Ontario SIS.54 per horsepower year. In 1922 It cost Winnipeg $lti per horse-power year for
50,000 horse-power peak load; this
figure is likoly to be reduced as supply
As Kt Costs
The initial cost of generating and
transmitting 36,000 horsd-powor
from the Cheakamus river to a terminal station near Vancouver would
bo about $12 per horse-power year,
Winnipeg and Toronto consumers
pay about 2^ cents per kilowatt hour
for house-lighting. The introduction
of such rates in Vancouver would be
a reduction for domestic consumers,
as against a base rate of 5 cents per
k. w. hour of roughly $400,000 per
annum, with a reduction of possibly
half as much again for stores or
other commercial lighting. No reference Is made here to rates for power
consumers, for sucb rates are frequently established by direct negotiation.
The results achieved at Toronto
and Winnipeg have bcen due to tho
public ownership system, and there
is nothing tn Canadian experience to
Indicate that such results would be
secured   by any other method.
The cost of developing and transmitting 35,000 horse-power from
Stoney creek, near Daisy lake, on the
Cheakamus river, to Vancouver has
been estimated nt about $3,000,000.
Reserve Wator-power sites
Recommendations; (1) That the
provincial governmont be requested *o
make provision in all futuro water-
power leases prohibiting exportation
of hydro-electrical power generated
within reasonable transmission distance from Vancouver to the United
States. (2) Reserve for Vancouver all
water-power sites on Cheakamus river, its tributaries, 'especially Stoney
creek. (3) Keservo for Vancouver
storage rights on takes Gurlbulai,
Daisy, Cheakamus, Alta, Nlta and
Green, and on See  river meadows.
Aid. Pettipiece further explained
that Ex-ald. McRae, two years ago
had advocated this work, and when
be retired he (Pettipiece) had fathered the Idea. The city council by
unanimous vote decided to procure
the services of Engineer Kerry, who
was one of the best authorities In
America on waterpowcrs. The preliminaries to be dono before actual
work could be started would cost
maybe $150,000. Every employee
would be paid the proper rate of
wages, In less than two years after
Installation of the system the cili-
;.ens would save from $350,000 to
Delegate Bartlett said thai the
trades council should support this
proposition, and should creato public
opinion along these lines. If successful, it means cheaper light and cheaper power. This brought Winnipeg lo
tho front and caused manufacturers
to open  up Industries.
Another delegato said thai similar
conditions applied to Toronto. After
several delogates had spoken along
those Hues a resolution was carried
unanimously endorsing the proposed
hydro-electric scheme, and ihe elty
council will be advised to that effect.
Other B-tisliiCsa
On motion the socretary was Instructed to write the federnl minister
of labor regarding a fair wage clause
for laborers on Second Narrows
Deloguto Showier reporting for
Milk Salesmen said the Stevens dairy
wns unfair to union labor.
Painters reported that thoy bad
bad fine meeting" of late. Tbe International president and olher officers had visited Vancouver returning
eastward from San Francisco. Atd.
Almond's house was being painted
by  laborers.
Delegate Graham of Hotel and Restaurant employees said business was
quiet. Several men w#re out of work,
ovlntr in a great measure to members
or unions patronizing scab housos In
preference to bona flde union restaurants, He asked that delega'e-i and
others Patronize union places. A Its)
of fair hotels and restaurants wouP'
he published In The Federatlonist.
Technical School
Delegate Machinists, 192, asked the
council to urge the provincial board
of education and local school board
to give rebate of clnss foes to apprcn-
Longshoremen  Charge Shipping
Federation Has Caused All
the Trouble
Newspapers Guilty of Misleading
Public  and   Unfairness
in Beports
[Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin]
rpHB DAILY press of Vancouver is
A deeply concerned with the tie-up
in this port, and the consequent stagnation of business. Where they do
not directly state they almost Invariably imply that the responsibility for
the dislocation of the business of this
port lies at the door of the Longshoremen; that it is the duty of the
Longshoremen as good citizens of the
Provinco to make every concession,
no matter at what cost to restore the
normal conditions of the port.
From the statement of the negotiations between tlie employers nnd the
men covering a period of five weeks
Is clearly shown that tbe representatives of the T. L. A. did everything
possible to avoid an open rupture.
The policy of continual delays adoptod by tho Shipping Federation manifested no great anxiety concerning the
future harmonious relations in this
port, knowing as they did that the
agreement expired on October 6th,
Al the last mass meeting of the
members of the I. I.. A. tV proposals
presented to the employers provided
for the immediate restoration of the
live cent bonus per hour formerly
paid on lumber, the Inclusion of
truckers In the ten cent, bonus now
pnid for the loading of sacked wheat,
and the Inclusion in the agreement
uf  the   wages  to  be   paid   checkers.
The further points in dispute, tbe
principal of which was the increase of
the base wage of ten cents por hour
foj* day work and fifteen cents for
night work, the mass mooting agreed
lo continue to negotiate, without
stoppage of work, for n further period of thirty days.
Vet when the committee nl' tbe
Shipping Foderuiion mel the 1. L. A.
representatives at tbe final meeting
Ihey wore unable to kIvo any assurance that any onc of these.moderate
concessions  would   be  granted.
Only a statement of willingness
to continue tbo policy of postponement which in tivo weeks had failed
to yield nny material concessions to
tho men.
It is for the public to judge, in
view of tho expirotion of the agreement between the employers and the
men, if Ihe actions of lbe Shipping
Federation have been dictated by a
desire to continue tlie harmonious
relntions in this port.
Note thnt while tbe time limit for
the acceptance of the men's demands
expired on Monday at live p.m., the
Bruce Overcoats
$25 $29^ $34=
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Hand Made Chrome
Work Boots
A strong, substantial outdoor Boot, made from black chronic
with doublo vamp nnd soles; all solid leather throughout—a
roal Wet Weather Boot.
6-inch, $6.00, 8-inch, $8,00, 10-inch, $10,
12-inch, $13.00, 14-inch, $14.00
Specially made of No. .1 quality oil tan leather, wilh reiirforced
pocket counter and back stay; 10-guago out sole, solid leather
heel. Will outwear two pairs of ordinary boots—.11-131/),
$5.00; 1-4%, $5.50 j 5-51/a, $6.50.
Pierre Paris
51 Hastings West
tices attending night technical school.
Agreed  to.
Tailors reported they were getting
along fairly good.
Railway carmen said 100 men were
laid ott.
Steam and Operating Engineers—-
struggling nlong. A greater per cent,
of men out of work.
Longshoremen's   Strike
Delegate I*. Floyd moved a lengthy
resolution to the effect mar the Trades
and Labor council extend its fullest
support to the waterfront workers
in thoir present difficulties. As tbe
Intei-national Longshoremen's association was not represented on the council and bad not asked its support a
lengthy discussion took place as le
the   propriety   of   taking   action.
Finally a motion to lay the resolu-
tioil on tile (able until the executive
had discussed tbe mutter with the
officers of the I. L. A. was curried,
the vote being 27 to 10.
Chairman McDonald of lbe Union
Label committee snld the next whist
drive and dance would be held on
Friday night in Alexandra hall.
C-llf.ifH'l* Con)
Delegate Bartlett asked If Aid. Pettipiece would explain bis cheaper coal
scheme.   Replying    Aid.     Pettlplece
said It was one of merit. The law
did mil prevent the city buying coal
but It prevented purchasing n mine.
The coal from Vancouver Island now
eost $l_!.[i0. It used to be $7.Ii0. The
difference being Inicrest on $10,000,000
worth of mining stock, Anthracite
eoal could be brought from Smithers.
Freight would bo $0. Lehigh valley
unihrn.'lie cost In Vancouver $11!!. The
proposition was being Investigate 1
and if satisfactory a city coal yard
would ').* Inaugurated.
M. .1. .Slllinsky (Cleveland, O.i and
G. Sodm-berg (Chicago), delegates
from the Tailors' union of America
to the Portland eonvention of tho A.
V. of L. were visitors and delivered
Hhort addresses on the labor movement tn general and tho tailoring
trade In parilcular.
Adjournment at 10.40 p.m.
employers delayed their meeting with
tho men's representatives till four
In view of these facts, what anxiety have the employers shown to safeguard tho business interests of the
community? !s it possible that the
Shipping Federation desired to continue these fruitless meetings until
they found themselves strong enough
to force a lock-out in order to arbit-
arily dictate thoir own terms to their
Celebration  of  the  Mill   Anniversary
of  the  Proletariat   Revolution
Best $2.50
ain-.ii>* not pmcrlbi-tl iuiIiuh nli*
nolutoly ncccimnrjr. K* am in flt inn*
mnde by graduate Ky-.idi.til Special-
lata. SntUftcilnn ituflmnlo.d
W« grind our own ImWi. l-eatM
duplicated  by  mail.
Optical House
.Formwfy  Br wn Optical  Houop)
Be   iuru   of   lhe   address--Above
Woolworth'n Btore, nnar
Snlte 36, Davis Chambsrs.
______ flW   1071	
On the 7th of .November, six years
ngo, the Hussian \vorkers rose in full
tide of revolution, swept aside tbe
political Institutions that hnd kept
,them In bondage for a thousand years
and took their destiny into tlieir own
hands. Six years of the fiercest struggle ever Imposed upon a people, of
war and Invasion, ni famine and pestilence; six years tbat tested tlie spirit
of proletarian genius, that developed
tbe inherent characteristics that prove
the workers tbe only class now capable
of saving society from utter annihilation. Soviet Russia of the workers
is tlio only country to-day that shows
a steady and undeniable Improvement
of the conditions consequent to the
world war. While nil others arc
wallowing in tlie financial and industrial mire, the social and oconomic
life of the soviet countries acquires
greater stability every day. This
event will be celebrated by the Workers' Parly who will hold a dance on
November 3rd in the Clinton ball.
See The Federatlonist next week for
full particulars.—Com.
Depressed Conditions In ship Itiiildlnsa
und Fishing Industries Very        j
Advices from Cadiz, Spain, are thatj
unemployment   there   has   reached   as
serious   state,   due   to   the   extremely'
depressed condition-- in the ship build-]
tng   and   fishing   industries.    To   add
to this unfavorable    condition,    over
l_,,ri00 farm  laborers took  part in the'
demonstration at Jerez  de  la Front-
era In connection with  the strike in
thnt vicinity.
Germnn Pupils
Tlie school system of the little,
Westphalian town of Oolde, near Minister, Germany, has been placed almost entirely upon a butter barle:
basis. Pupils pay their high school
fees in fats and grain which in turi^
are "spent" for school malntenanci
purposes. Childern from Oclde ar.
assessed a pound (if butter monthly
while pupils from the country district,
moy pay either In butter or barley, 4(
pounds of barley a month.
Patronize Federatlonist  advertisers
IOGGERS—If you want to cart
4 three squares during tho wlnteif
come to Saddle View lian'ch, Jacksoi
Pay. B. C.
If   by   magic   when
in iim'iI. <i:i-- pains, field slnmiu'h. not
Momnch, burn int,' and nil after*i<nting dii
trots relieved in two mlnu tos. All Drti
Fresh Cm  Flower*. Funeral Designs. Wedding Iluuqueis. Pot  Plant*,
Orimtn-'nijil nnd Shade Trees. Seeds, Rnllts. FlorlNts' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
florists ,v.\'D xrn.s__i.Y_i.:.\
i* iiiiMimt* siici't r.a.t      _—Stokes—s      «•■>» G.»mui_ sum.
S,.,. IIHH-«-_ "NA'V  IT WITH FI,0\V___tS" Bey. I>_I„.I_UI
Fourteen Passenger and Freight Steamers at your service.
Calling at all Northern IJ. C. Conn: Points, Lumber and Mining Gimps,
Canneries und I*nl;» and Paper Mills,
For further particulars apply:
I'lmil-  Sey. .11111
STOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawceft's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399


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