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British Columbia Federationist Oct 6, 1922

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRBNGtfH •
Official Organ Vancouver Trades* and Labor Council (International)
POIilTIG-Uti UNITT: .VICTOR?
FOURTEENTH YEAR.  No. 35
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAf?MOI.NING, OCTOBER 6, 1922
$2JoO PER YEAR
10
WiU   Endeavor   to   Get
Congress  to  Take
Decisive Stand
Local Firm Favored for
Central Heating
Plant
The regular meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council on Tuesday evening, was well
attended, and the varloua matters
brought before that body were well
debated, the most important resolution under discussion being one eon-
eernlng the entry of Canada Into
any further war. This resolution,
on presentation, was warmly received, the only contentious point being, Its wording, and a motion to
refer to the executive for redrafting, and to circularize the various
trades councils in the country with
the object of their taking similar
action, waa passed without opposition, the resolution referred to
reads aa follows:
Whereas, considerable propaganda Is being dally carried on
In tbo press, having (or Its object tlio creation of a suitable
war spirit, and
Whercus, thc recent great
war has proven conclusively
tbat the workers have nothing
to gain by going to war, as witnessed by tho countless neglected victims of that war, and
Whereas, the workers of Great
Britain have declared themselves agalnBt tlie further participation in any further war, and
the Australian workers have ro-
pndlatcd tho attitude of Premier
Hughes, and oven the church
has ln some Instances declared
that no further war shall bo
embarked upon against the
Itoks for the exploitation of
Asia Minor and oil, therefore,
be It
... Resolved, that tho Vancouver
Trades and Labor CouncU which
Is affiliated with the Trades Congress of Cunada, calls npon that
body to protest ugalnst the participation of Canada In any war,
cither for tlie support of tho
Greeks or for tho advance of
British Imperialism.
Congress Criticised
Delegate McMillan, tn supporting the resolution, stated that he
would like to see the workers oppose any future war, and that it
was time the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada quit giving lip
service., to the no war proposal,
and to tako steps to prevent the
•hedding of blood ot any Canadian
for British  Imperialism.
Delogate Flynn Btated that the
purpose of the resolution was to
secure the activity of the Tradea
Congress in the opposition to any
war In Asia Minor.
Delegate Bengough said he
thought that all the delegates
prosent wore in lino with the resolution, and expressed the opinion that the Trades Congress
should already have given expression as to Ita views on the matter.
Del. Herrett favored the resolution, and ln pointing out his objections to war, he further stated that
all countries were expressing opinions as opposed to war, and thnt
everything should he dono to stop
Jhiother world conflict, and he also
pointed out that this could only
be done by rousing public opinion.
He suggested that all trades and
labor councils should be asked to
take a simitar position.
Race Track Gambling
Another resolution which caused
(Continued en page 4)
in io
CONTRIBUTE
Mexican  Workers   Help
U. S. Striking
Shopmen
[By F. W. Leighton]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Mexico City—liaising ot money
by Mexican railway unions for
the relief of their American brother unionists still on strike, Is
only the start toward closer cooperation from both sides of the
frontier.
Presenting tha case of the American rail strikers to a meeting of
Mexican locals In Guadalajara, I
found them eager to contribute
money for American reliof, but
even more eager for a consolidation of all railroad workers on the
American continent north and
aeuth of the Rio Grande.
In addition to the local railway-
men at Guadalajara of the Allansa
FerrocarrlerOs Mexicans there
Were delegates from the locals of
all the other railway organizations
present.
Resolutions indorsing the American strike were passed and announcement made that 14 Guadalajara rail locals had raised relief
money for the American shopmen,
In addition to the 1000 pesos
(1500) forwarded by the Mexican
dispatchers to the El Paso, Texas,
(trlke committee, already recorded
by tho Federated Press.
The consolidation resolutions set
forth the delegates assembled aro
looking for the day when the federation of Mexican rail unions
would unite with a federation of
all American rail unions, which Is
•till to be organized, the consolidated organization to embody the
oomplete solidarity of all rail workers.
ITI
IE LEFT OUT
Shopmen   Return,   But
Others Are Not
Reinstated
isr-1
i
[By Ca, V    ssler]    '
(Federated   Pri \    ^respondent)
Chicago—Indi, \ settlement
by eome roads V'^* e national
ehopmen's strike^ V 1 to have
left sympathetic st\ "V-out In the
cold. \   *
Maintenance of w\ ■*-»' }, freight
handlers and clerks, W»-'.ruck ln
sympathy without a\,:.*'-^y trom
their organizations, ar^jiiWlhg difficulty, it ls reported, in obtaining
reinstatement. At Toledo, In particular, freight handlers have been
discriminated against.
Members of railway organizations not affiliated with the railway employees department _ A. F,
of L., who, nevertheless, quit the
shops to demonstrate their solidarity with their brother craftsmen
are finding the same difficulty in
getting back.
The American Federation of
Railroad Workers, an independent
industrial union, permitted Its
members te quit work M a demonstration bf Industrial union
preaching put into practice even
when there was imthlng to gain by
It directly for its own organization.
Its members in New England are
suffering the same hardships from
the hostile Boston & Maine and
New Haven roads as the A. F. of
L. Bhopmen. In Ohio the industrial union has renewed agreements with some roads, but Is up
against it wtth others.
The simultaneous mass meetings
all over the country Oct. 1, called
by the executive council, A. F. of
L., to protest the Daugherty "open
shop" injunction are being enthusiastically worked up by the central bodies participating. Final action by Judge Wilkerson on the
writ Is expected Oct. 5.
The International Printing Pressmen's and Assistants Union of
North America, in 29th biennial
convention at Knoxville, Tenn., is
roported to have unanimously adopted a resolution demanding impeachment of Daugherty and Wilkerson.
Unconfirmed reports assert that
the Erie railroad has settled with
Its shopmen on terms somewhat
more favorable to the road than
the Baltimore agreement provided.
CALGARY LABOR
B
TO
Says   Canada   Has   No
Right in Eastern
Struggle
Money and Oil, Not the
Christians, at
Stake
Canada hns'no right to enter
into any possible struggle with
Turkey and other nations of the
Near East, and strong protest was
made against Canada participating
In any war at this time, were voiced by members of the Dominion
Labor Party at their regular meeting in the Labor Templo last week.
"The folly of war" was denounced by different members and
Alderman R. H. Parkyn referred
to the newspaper reports which
stated that Great Britain was warring . ngainst Turkey to rescuo
Christians. He stated that it was
not Christians but money and oil
wells at the back of the fight. In
his opinion Great Britain waB not
worrying whether lho Christians
live or die.
Roferring to the reports which
read that "All Cnnada was ready
to enlist for activo service, and
that ex-Bervlce men were ready lo
fight again, Mr. Stark said, "Here's
one man that they don't get this
time."
The following resolution, which
was drawn up by F. J. White, M.
L. A., Mra, William Carson and
J. W. Stark Ib to be sent to Ottawa:
,. The Calgary branch of the Dominion Labor Party, understood
that the Great War so recently
concluded, was fought for the purpose of ending all wars, and with
the creation of the League of Natlona, It was expected that a
means has been provided to arbitrate disputes arising between natlona.
"We are further of the opinion
that no permanent good can ever
be accomplished by the commencement of open hostilities, entailing
as ft will untold suffering, Iosb of
human life an* moral deterioration.
"Be It therefore resolved that
this branch of the Dominion Labor Party protest moat emphatically againat the Dominion of Canada taking any Bteps whatsoever
toward the preparation or participation of war until ample op-
potunity hns been affoded those
directly interetBed to, submit their
difficulties for arbitration by the
league.
"Canada, a signatory to the
Versailles treaty has maintained lt
Is entitled to rank as a nation, and
we therefore urge that Canadians
ahow their sincerity by demanding
that the prime minister of Canada
insists that the .league of Nations
function as a means toward settle-
ment of the Near Kant question
before parliament ls convened to
consider thia Important question
of policy."
"Foreign Agitators": Red and White; and the
Need for Working Class Organiation
"THIS is an age of "reds" and "whites." It may Im
''that Vancouver citizens have not yet realised it, yet
the fact remains that nest week we are to have an onslaught of Mcintosh Beds, while this week we have had a
raid by a Mcintosh white. There is, however, a difference
between apples and lemons. We had the lemon this week,
and apples are to be the centre of the piece nest week.
But whether they are lemons or apples, we are opposed
to "foreign" importations. Like the Board of Trade and
the B. 0. Manufacturers' organisations, we are opposed
to the importation of "foreign agitators." We are opposed to open shop agitators being brought to this country from the United States, who, white as they may be,
have a tendency to disrupt the even tenor of "our industrial life."
This white Mcintosh has mueh advice for the manufacturers and industrial magnates of this province. Ete
is an advocate of the open shop, and the open shop
means the closed shop to all those who imagine that
there is something to be gained by industrial organisation on the part of the workers.
In an address before the B. C. Employers' Association,
this anarchistic-minded exponent of the employing class
0. B. V., in his tirade against organized labor, levelled
an attack against J. L. Lewis of the United Mine Work
ers. He classed him a a "red," and as a preacher of
•class hatred. Of course our yellow friend was not
. preaching olass hatred, he was speaking in behalf of the
"dear public" But what might we ask was his mission? Was it to inculcate the ideas of the open shoppers of the United States in the minds of the employers
of B. 0.7—for if that was his intention, we can assure
him ttat the looal variety of white guards do not need
his instructions; they are already fairly proficient in the
blacklisting of the active workers.
But what are the workers of Vancouver thinking
about.  They see on every hand tho amalgamation of
the forces of the employing class; they read the vapor-
t ings of the "lemons" whioh are imported into this ooun-
' try, while they allow without protest the deportation of
i "red" agitators, while the white variety bask in tha
, ranihine of their masters' smile and hand out gratuitous
| kdvjce to the employers as to how labor oan be crushed
i -in this province.  J. L. Lewis may be a "red," but we
V lever noticed it.  But of one thing we are certain, and
! that is that .if the workers of this province do not get
. together they will be bled white in the near future. They
scan take their choice, either organize or be subject to
the machinations of the white guards, whether they are
of the imported variety or the local product.
..I ..I.........I..'.
i.... i nil. in
No One Idle and AU Eat
In Spite of
Shortage
Life Easier Than It Is
In Finland or
America
[By E. Knivola]
(For tho Federated Press)
Kemerovo, Urals, Siberia—Like
the other Finnish workers who
went on this Kuzbas expedition
from America to develop the natural wealth of this rich country and
run the factories under concession
from the Russian government, I
have not been disappointed, although it might not satisfy persons who left very high positions,
or who had como bore in the hope
of securing eminent  positions!
Of courso, thero nre things lacking here; there are difficulties; but
that is whnt wo came for—to put
an end to them. In two years I
am sure that most of the existing
drawbacks will have been overcome. For that we aro all working, somo at the factories, some at
the sawmill In day and night shifts,
some digging foundations for now
buildings, some cultivating the
ground, haymaking, etc. The only
thing we hnvo not yot undertaken
ls conl mining, but wo are taking
over tho mines Oct. 1.
The mine, as it has been running, has been all but ruined by
careless    engineering.      Everyone
(Continued on page 2)
IL FORM A
Edmonton Workers Lay
Plans for Political Action
If plans at presont under way
are carried Into force, Labor In
Edmonton will nominate candidates for the civic elections sometime around the lBt of November.
On October 30 a convention will be
held of delegates from all Labor
organizations In the city, whether
Industrial or political, for the purpose of forming a central council
for political action. This council
will direct the political activities
of Labor ln that city, and will
direct tho coming campaign.
It Is proposed to hold a nominating convention on November 3,
or as near that date ae possible,
and which will bo open to any
member of a trado union or Labor
political organization. Plans have
not yet been completed, but a
loint meeting of the'executives of
the Canadian Labor Pnrty and the
Trades and Labor Council will take
place on Friday evening, whon the
details of future action will be
worked out, ■
A. F. OF L
Delegates Say Convention
Was a Waste of
Money
Less Accomplished Than
Ever   Before   at
Cincinnati
Washington—Unless a more pro
gressive, militant and constructive
programme is mapped out for the
A. F. of L. by the men controlling
its policy, the holding of conven'
tions of the federation in future
will be a waste of time nnd
money—in the opinion of the delegates of the International Association of Machinists, whose report to
their membership on the recent
Cincinnati convention la published
in the current issue of the Machinists Journal. This report is signed
by Wm. J. Johnston, Wm. Schoen-
berg, C. W. Grow. Wm. Larkin,
Goo. Marshall, Wm. Hannon and
Frod Hewitt.
"The Cincinnati convention, It ls
safe to say, accomplished Iobs during the two weeks' session than
any previous convention in the
history of the federation," they declare. "It will be remembered for
its acts of omission rather than
for its acts of commission."
Warm praise ls given Senator La
Follette for his speech of analysis
of the usurpation of power by the
courts, and for his suggested remedy for judicial tyranny.
On the Russian debate the machinists' delegates say: "It was inevitable that the Russian situation
bo brought up on the convention
floor, which was done in three
separate resolutions—two seeking
to havo the A. F. of L. demand
that the United States recognize
the Soviet governmont, and the
other condemning in most scathing terms the Soviets, stating that
the federation was not Justified ln
taking any action which could bo
construed as an assistance to or
approval of the soviet government
of Russia under the present circumstances. This resolution, although Introduced by Delegates C.
L, Balne, Jere L. Sullivan, Thos.
F. McMahon, Sara Conboy and
John A. Voll, had all the earmarks
of emanating from an entirely different sourco.
The machinists express the belief that had the voto not been de-
lnyed until scores of delegates had
been forced to leave for home, the
administration would have been^
defeated, and the resolution favor-;
Ing recognition would have prevailed,
South Vancouver Unemployed to
Meet
Owing to the Increase in the
ranks of the unemployed, tho South
Vancouver Workers Protective Association ls witnessing a revival,
and. a greater attendance at the
meetings. The meetings are held
every Monday evening in the Municipal Hall, corner of Fraeer and
42nd Ave. All unemployed workers are Urged to attend these meetings*, as It Is only by organiiation
that the needs of the workless can
)>e filled
S. V. L. h. NOTES
The regular meeting of the South'
Vancouver Labor League will be
held tonight (Friday) at 6262 Cha«-
ttr Street,, to whit.li nil membera
are requested to a_ten-J.
Tho league numbers ore holding
a dance on Halloween night, Oct.
81,
Next week's meeting being the
regular oducational meeting of the
league, will take the form of a hat
night, the members speaking on tho
subjects drawn front tho hat.
AH young people interested In
tho working class movement should
endeavor to attend those meetings,
Look for further announcement!
for Hallowoon dance, which will
apoar ln Tho Federationist next
woek.
Nanalmo Meeting
A. S. Welts will be tho speaker
at a public meeting to bo held in
the Dominion hall, Nanalmo, on
Sunday, October 15, at 7.30 p.m.
His subject will be: "The Working
Class Press and Unity In the Working Clnss Movement "
Large Publisher Bows to
Strength of
Union
Secretary   Is   Dismissed
and   Fight
Started
[By F. W. Leighton]
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Mexico City—Felix F. Palavicinl,
the Northcliffe of Mexican journal-
Ism, publisher of EI Universal, and
leader in the "open shop" forces,
has yielded to the power of the
newest-born of Mexican Labor organizations, the League of Reporters and Newspaper Employees
(Ltga de Redactores y Emplcados
de. Prensa.
He has agreed to the union
terms after a brief strike and paid
the mon for tho time they were
on strike. Palavicinl Is owner of
the Compania Peroidista Nacional
which publishes El Universal Gra-
flco. an evening daily, and two
weekly papers, El Universal Taurine aud El Universal Illustrade.
Strike pickets, polico and the
red and black strike flag had sealed the doors of the plant. Even
the correspondent of the Associated Press, who has his offico in the
building, was unable to go to
Work. The strike was called following the discharge of the union's
secretary, who is a reporter on
one of the Palavicinl papers. Atl
persons on these pnpers had been
required to sign an Individual contract in which It is specifically
stated that they may not belong to
a union. Following the organization of the union, a delegation was
sent to Palavicinl as well as to the
owners of the other newspapers in
the city to ask for union recognition. Palavicinl refused to consider theh- request or to abrogate
the anti-union clause In the contracts and flung the gauntlet by
dismissing thc secrctui-y of the
union,
With the nsslstanee of various
members of tho local organization
of the Mexican Federation of Labor, the League of Reporters and
Newspnper Employees appeared in
force before the plant of El Universal nt 2 o'clock in the morning,
Just as the paper was going to
press. Union members made
ftpceches ut the door urging the
Injustice of the discharge of their
comrade, As a result most of the
then Inside quit work; those who
did not were carried out, It Is reported.
Palavicinl in several telegrams
te President Obregon and to Gov.
Gasca of ' the federul district,
claimed that thts was not a legitimate strike, and requested permission to re-open his plant with
scabs. But he received no comfort from the government, and
had to reinstate tho secretary, recognize the union, tako out the
"open shop" clause from the contracts and give back pny.
' It is reported thnt the National
Paper & Type Co., an American
concern which ls the chief creditor
of the Compania Pcriodlsta Nacional, is petitioning in the courts
Ior attachment of tho company's
property.
j (Unconfirmed reports from Mexico City stnte thnt Palavicinl has
sold El Universal to a group of
British oil magnates controlling
the Mexican Eagle oil Interests.)
Chicago—All progressive church,
liberal and labor groups have united to sponsor the mass meeting
which Senator Borah, Ilaho, will
addresH in the Auditorium. Borah
will speak in behalf of amnesty for
political prisoners still confined ln
American penitentiaries und In behalf of recognition of Russia by the
United Stntes troverninrnt,
Says Bishops Afraid of
Case Being
Heard
Claims It Would Discredit
Orthodoxy of
Church
(By tho Federated Press)
Gallon, O.—Offers to stand ex
amlnation for his sanity and to
resign his seat in the Protestant
Episcopal house of bishops under
certnin conditions are made by
Bishop Wm. Montgomery Brown,
author of Communism and Chrls-
tlanfsm, after the collapse of the
movement to have him tried for
heresy.
The cave-in of the heresy prosecution woh explained away in
Portland, Ore., where the bishops
met in triennial convocation, by
the privately circulated Btatement
that Brown was mentally unbalanced. He writes:
To the House of Bishops of the
Protestant Episcopal Church
in the United States of America.
My Dear Brethren:
According to the Arkansas Gazette, the movement looking towards my trial and deposition has
failed, and according to thc Ore-
goniun, its failure is due lo your
belief that my mental condition is
such as to prevent me from being
held responsible for the heretical
•  (Continued on Page 3)
LOCAL IKE
Sill EFFECTIVE
Efforts to Get Man to
Return to Work
Fail
The local strikers on the Great
Northern Railway have no doubts
as to the cause of the railway
strike. They recognize thut il ls
not so much a matter of wages, as
that its object was to smash tho
Labor organization of the Federated Shop Crafts.
This argument has been driven
home to them by that action of the
company, who are paying a bonus
to shop foremen who have remained at work, and by the fact that tho
work now being done by what are
so nicely designated ns "replacement men," in ordinary parlance
they would be called strike-breakers, If not a more opprobrious
name,  is very costly.
One of the local strikers recoived
a very "nice" letter from the company last week, offering him his
seniority rights, his pension und
pass privileges If he would return
to his old job. Evidently thinking
this man was weak, tho company
picked him out as a likely recruit
to tho "replacement men," but
they missed iheir murk, ns this
mnn Is still on striko.
While seventy-one railroads have
signed lho new agreement in the
United States, funds ure still needed
for the men on strike In tho city
and othor points, nnd any contributions for the uld of lhe locnl men
will be gladly received by A. Fra-
ser, at 319 Fender Street West.
Tlie greatest assistance that thc
readers or Tlm Federatlonist can
render us nt this lime, Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing no,
you hprenri tho news of the working cla*H movement and assist us
MINERS WI
But Press Omits This in
Reporting Herrin
trials
[By Tom   Tippettf*".
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Herrin, III.—Constant adverse
comment, lying feature" stories, in
cendlary cartoons and parrot edi
torlals in the commercial press
against Williamson county, stead
Uy kept up since the bloodshed at
the Lester strip mine near here
June 22. Is having an Inflammatory result equal only to the late
war time hysteria which was
brought about by the same ma<
chinery.
Residents here deplore the false
light in which they have been
placed before the reading public,
but those who have ventured away
from horn* have felt the effect of
the poison propaganda In another
way.
A member of the local cooks
and waiters union, writing from
Pueblo, Colo., says: "If you want
to keep out of jail don't leavo the
county, I get three days in the
lockup here after my union card
revealed the fact that 1 had come
from Herrin."
A banker here had the automobile name plate which bore the
name Herrin,-HI., battered into an
unreadable condition In front of
the Stattler hotel, St. Louis. An
other resident, while automobiling
outside the county got his car
stuck In the mud. A nearby farm
was appealed to for help. The
driver of the mule team, sent to
rescue the submerged car, upon
approaching It, saw the word Herrin printed on the name plate,
turned tail and fled.
A colored member of the Culp
miners local union had the same
reception when he entered the
colered section of St. Louis and
was Introduced as a. miner "from
Herrin." In relating* the Incident
to me the miner said, "they back'
ed away from me as though they
expected me to explode."
Residents here bitterly resent
the almost invariable omission In
metropolitan press accounts of the
mine trouble, of the fact that two
union men were murdered in cold
blood by imported gunmen 24
hours before the alleged massacre
occurred,
Postal,   Telegraph   and
Telephone Workers
Meet
Will Join Other Bodies
Against
War
(By Louis P. Lochner]
(European   Dir.   Federated   Press)
Berlin — Delegates from every
section of Europe and even from
far-away Argentina, representing
600,000 workers, gathered iu Berlin during the closing dnys of August to hold tho second international congress of the International Federation of Postal, Telegraph
and Telephone Workers.
The discussions turned about the
following points besides a number
of questions relating purely to the
Internal organization; thc light
ngainst reaction; extension of workers' share in the control of thc
postal, telegraph nnd telephone
service; propaganda for peace;
woman's position In this class of
servico. and tho admission of tho
Russian federation into thu International,
The coiiKress recognized that
there Is a wave of reaction swooping nil ovor Europe whloh manifests itself In attempts of lho employers io reduce wages, lengthen
hours of work, and limiting workers' rights. It theref on- empowered the executive '<> Join its efforts
wltb other bodies In warding off
the offensive of reaction.
The best Interests of the postal,
telegraphic und telephone servioe
will bc promoted. In thu opinion
of the congress. If the workers In
those services are given an evon
greater share lu thc control of
those services. It therefore demanded thai works councils bc established lu wliich the workers
shall hnve a voice and vote in determining the condl tlon of their
employment.
The postal, telegraph nnd telephone employeos are opposed to
war, They will Join hands with
olhor bodios affiliated with thc International Federation of Trades
Unions In furthering an Interna
tlonal workers* propaganda for
ponce.
So long as lhe Russinn federation maintains its Red International orientation, it cannot Join
tho International Federation of
Postal. Telegraph and Telephone
WorkerH, according lo tlie decision
taken by tho Berlin congress. The
motion passed by a vote of 806,-
600 to 223,800, after a spirited debato In which delegates from England, France nnd Belgium opposed
tho admission of the Russians at
this time, wlille speakers for Argentina and Austria favored admission.
Women employees, In the opinion of the congress, should receive
equal pay for doing the samo
work as men, and they should hnvo
tho same chances of promotion.
ILL REORGANIZE
UNEMPLOYED
All Labor Organizations
May Be Represented on
Committee:.
Strict Tabulation of Unemployed Workers
Will Be Made
Reorganization was the keynoU
of the discussion of the unemploy
ment conference committee at tbo
meeting held on Thursday last In
the city hall. In addition to the
members of the committee, there
Were present delegates from the
different trades unions and workera
organizations ln the city, the organizations represented being:
Street and Electric Railwaymen,
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners, Amalgamated Carpenters, Electrical Workers, Musicians,
Lumber Workers, South Vancouver
Protective Association, the Federated Labor Party, and the Workers
Party of Canada. The city hall employees reported that as they had
not held a meeting since the invitation to take part in the proceedings
had reached them, It was impossible for the organization to be represented.
Chairman Cottrell, In pointing
out the objects of the meeting, stated that all organizations should be .
represented on the committee, as
unemployment relief should not be
left to a committee which only represented a few organisations.
Delegate Floyd pointed out the
necessity of the trade unions .taking part In the work of securing
relief for the unemployed. This
Idea was supported by many of the
delegates, and emphasized hy
several of the speakers. Aa a result, lt was moved: That the committee be enlarged to Include representatives from all Labor and
working class organizations, wo- *
men's and returned soldiers organizations.   This motion was adopted.
Unemployment among women
was then discussed, and it was
pointed out that many women had
to watt hours at the Provincinl unemployment bureau for work, and
when they did get a Job U would
probably only last an hour or two.
Mrs. Booth, tho secretary of the
committee, laid much stress on this
phase of the unemployed question,
and urged action on behalf of the
women who were without unemployment.
When the question of the basis of
representation on tho committee
was dealt with, lt was decided that
in view of lhe large number of trada
unions in tho city, the unemployed
organizations should have larger
representation than tho unions.
This stand wus conceded as being
correct, and It was decided that
unions and other orgnnlzntiona outside of unemployed organizations
should have one delognte for 500
members, nnd nn additional delegate for any number over and
above COO, while unemployed organizations would be entitled to four
delegates each.
The necessity of keeping a tabulation of the unemployed was als)
dealt with, and It was decided that
each organization should report
once a month, and give statistic* ns
to the number of unemployed covered Ly each group or organization.
It wns ulso decided that the secretary should got In touch with all
unemployed organizations not represented nt the meeting, and to
notify nil Labor nnd other organizations entitled to be represented,
to sond permnnent delegates to act
on tho committee at tho next meeting which will be held on Thursday,
Oct. 19.
TO
IP RUSSIA
Commodity   Drafts  Will
Be Issued by Russian
Red Cross
Sow York—Beginning Oct. 9,
the Russian Red Cross Commission In America wilt begin Issuing
commodity drafts by which nny-
one wishing to help friends or relatives in Russia muy buy a draft
at the Russian Red Cross, which
will ennble those to whom It is
sent in Russia to obtain for lt
goods and commodities to tbe
amount of the draft. The drafts
when received in Russia, are to be
presented to any state universal
store (department store) which
will  honor  them.
The minimum for which drafts
will bo Issued will be $5, und nn
additional 10 per cent, will bo
barged, to be devoted to goneral
relief, Owing to the constant
sharp fluctuations of the Russian
paper ruble, says a statement by
tho Russian Red Cross, 110 W.
40th St., the prices of goods at the
state universal stores will be bused
on dollar exchange or on tho basis
of gold rubles.
Tho state universal siores (O.
U. M.) is a Russian Incorporated
company, The Russian Red Cross
Commission hero hus received cabled Informntion from Russia that
tho O. U. M, stores are ready to
make deliveries of goods against
drafts In Petrograd, . Moscow,
Kharkov, Odessa, Rostov-on-Don,
Ekaterinburg, Orenburg, Minsk,
Orel, Nlr_h ini-Novgorod, Koslov,
Ivanovo-Voznescnsk, while stores
are being made ready In Siberia,
In tho Caucasus nnd In Turkestan,
Get your workmate to subscribe
for Tho Federatlonist. PAGE TWO
fourteenth year. no. ts BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopv__h, b. g
FRIDAY ■ Q-tobw 6,  UM
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
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Unity of Labor:   The Hope of the World
FRIDAY October 6,  1922
Unity the First Need of the
Workers
TVISCONCKRTED by thc follies of the past,
I""-' blinded by tho conflicting opinions of the
j preseut, thc average worker is seeking a place
where he can see the light of unity in the
i working-class movement.   To many, especially
those who congratulate themselves on their
"knowledge," the psychology of the average
wage worker is an unopened book.   They havo
imagined that all workers must at some timo
be brought up to thcir standard of "learning," and that until this is accomplished all
other efforts on the part of   the   workers
must of necessity bc fruitless.
* **•    e
But to the student of human society, this
I position is untenable.   There is no place in
■ history where it can be shown that the masses
, have understood the forces which operate in
human society, yet human society has moved
from one stage to another.   No one, for instance, would state that the chattel slave understood his position and the forces which
brought about his "freedom," yet that frcc-
i dom was given him and he became ? feudal
serf.
* ♦      *
The feudal serf eventually became a frcc-
Dorn subject.   The fact that he was a subject
I did not detract from the view which was held
; by the average feudal serf, which was that
i he was now a free-born member of society,
• and, incidentally, a wage slave, yot the fact
remains that the chattel slave was freed from
chattel slavery, and the feudal serf was freed
from domination of the feudal baron and he
became a wage worker and thc slave of a
class, instead of an individual, or tied to the
land under feudal serfdom, not because of his
knowledge, but because of the forces which
arc working in society, and which compelled
. one class to fight another.   In other words,
thc feudal system was brought into being because there was a conflict between two economic interests, and chattel slavery, having
i outlived it:, usefulness, had to go into thc dis-
i card.   Feudalism also had to give way before
a new economic order of society, not because
the feudal serf understood, but because the
development  of society demanded  it.    The
same condition to a great extent exists today.
.        *      *      *
The Workers as a mass will never realize
just what.thcir position is, but they will be
compelled to move, and thc greater number
there arc who realize thc forces which are
i operating in society, tho easier the transition
from capitalism to a new order will be, but
the first essential is to see that the workers
arc trained to work on class lines, and the industrial movement of thc proletariat can, if
thc highbrows keep their hands off, be of
great assistance in  the  organizing   of  the
workers and bringing about of that unity of
action which will eventually be thc greatest
factor in establishing a new order of society
wherein ithere shall be a new viewpoint, and
food, clothing and shelter for all.   But the
first objective must be working-class unity.
This, however, can only come through training,  and  the  industrial  movement   is   thc
greatest  factor in  the development of thc
working-class movement to that pitch where
thc workera will act as a class.   All  other
questions are mere side issues.    Unity will
come first, as in Russia; thc rest will follow.
* *      *
The world today is witnessing a new Hne
of action on thc part of thc industrial workers. There is not a country which has not a
movement for greater cohesion on thc part of
organized Jabor. Even Chipa has a growing
industrial movement which is seeking to
unite the workers, while thc older countries
arc witnessing thc amalgamation of labor's
forces. New alignments arc being made.
Craft organizations arc being merged onc
with another, nnd federations of labor with
greater scope and influence arc being organized.
* *      *
Thc North American continent, backward as
it is from a working-class standpoint, is
watching the lining up of labor's forces and
new elements entering into the working-class
movement. Thc cry on all hands is for
amalgamation. The International Machinists'
organization has had on its programme for
years thc amalgamation of thc metal trades.
The railroad brotherhoods are also seeking to
eliminate organizations which conflict one
with another, by thc amalgamation of thc
conflicting organizations. Yet, in thc City
of Vancouver, wc find that there are many
dual organizations. The members of these
conflicting organizations arc not one wit
different. They are all wage earners and imbued with the same ideas, but they have allowed themselves to become organization-
conscious, instead of class-conscious, or even
conscious of the fact that men in onc industry have onc common enemy, and that the
employing class in the particular industry in
which they are employed, and that thc different sections of the employing class, nro linked
up onc with another as opposed to thc workers. In fact, many members of organizations
arc so bound up in thc fate of thcir own particular brand of union that they have forgotten thc objects of thc very organization
to which they belong, nnd thc purposes for
which it was formed.
* *      *
There is still another phase of thc labor
movement in thc city of Vancouver which
might will bc considered nt thc Trude Union
conference to bo held tonight, und that is
the bringing together of all labor organizations in thc Central Labor Council for thc
purpose of consolidating the forces of labor
on  the greater questions   wliich   faces   the
labor movement. There sre many organizations which cannot join the Trades and
Labor Council because they are dual unions;
in other words, organizations whicli are not
recognized as labor unions on this continent.
There are still others which do not belong to
thc central body, because they are too conservative, and their rules or constitutions will
not allow them to affiliate, while there are
still others which do not like the composition
of the present-Trades Council. But there is
not an argument which will hold good as to
why the workers through their organizations
should not be affiliated with the central body.
* * *
Constitutions of countries have been changed.
So have thc rules and decrees of industrial .or
trade unions, and if the rules or constitution of an'organization preclude that organization from participating in the general labor
movement, then change the constitution and
rules. If there arc men who belong to dual
unions—and there are—and they eannot join
in the wider labor movement, then thcir is
a remedy: cut out your dual union and get
in the organization which is recognized. If
thc Trades Council does not suit the members
of any organization, there is still a chance of
making it to suit their tastes, but they will
never do it by whining on the outside. The
dual organization stunt has been tried. It has
proven a failure. But working-class unity has
always beon a success, and unity can only
come through the dropping of ideas which
are futile and create discord and divide the
workers. These questions can be solved, and
if the conference, to be held tonight, can aid
in this.work, it will have been of incalculable
benefit to the working-class movement of Vancouver, and the movement throughout the
country.
"Bolshevists" and the Strikers
in the United States
A GENTLEMAN with a Scotch name, and an
unsavory reputation in labor circles in the
Stato of Washington, has appeared in thc City
of Vancouver and given the employers thc
"real" reason for the recent strikes in the
United States. Our readers will have guessed
the cause by the time they have read this
far, and it is hardly necessary for us to state
thot the gentleman in question blames the
strikes on the Bolshevists.
We do not know just what our friend considers is a Bolshevist, but wo do know that in
the press, and, we have no doubt, in thc
ruling class mind, a Bolshevist is depicted as
a man with a gun and deadly weapons, with
wliich to enforce his decrees on thc rest of
thc population. If this is his definition of a
Bolshevist, then we can agree with him, for
the class whieh he so well serves has the guns,
the battleships and thc poison gas with which
to enforce its will on the people which it
rules with an iron hand, and well do the
miners of Colorado, the textile workers of
Massachusetts, and the industrial workers of
such cities as Chicago, know who has thc gun,
for they have faced it on many an occasion.
But this gentleman would have the employers organize to convince labor that capital is not the enemy of the workers, and
tho real gem of his discourse was the statement which he made to the effect that he did
not think that thc workers of Canada and thc
United States were ever better off than they
arc today. He also intimated that behind the
strikes ther was an effort to create hatred
between employer ond employee.
*     *      *
Like all other business agents of big business, it is the duty of Mr. Mcintosh to serve
his masters' interests. In doing so, he berates thc representatives of labor, for serving
thc men who pay thcir salaries. But will the
empty blothcrings of such men as the individual referred to do away with the real
cause of strikes! Can he eliminate thc class
war, which is created by tho present system
of exploitation, by words. Wc trow not. He
may talk, and talk some more, but the cause
of class antagonisms and hatreds is not due
to Jhc words of men, but to the exploitation
which men are forced to suffer under capitalism, and while thc basic cause of the class
struggle is to be found in the sysiihn, it will
also bc found that men of the type of Mr.
Mcintosh are thc men who usually stand back
and advocate the use of force when the
workera arc compelled to strike against a lowering of the standard of living. Thc workers
in the land of big business and big strikes to
the south of us, arc not well off or they would
not strike. They are miserable and degraded,
and they have struck against thc oppression
of a brutal and callous ruling class, and not
because men used words, made speeches, or
wrote articles; and our friend might as well
save his breath, for until thc elass whicli now
owns the means of wealth production is shorn
of its power, the class antagonisms will grow
and be fostered hy the hirelings of the class
wliich pays such men as Mr. Mcintosh to do
its dirty work.
The Rise and Fall of the Entente
(Continued from last week)
Capital plays its part in the production of
wealth, says our capitalistic economists. The
Premier mine has paid thc shareholders half
of .their holdings during the last nine months,
according to press reports. If, ih another
nine months, it pays thc other half, where
will the capital in this concern bc. And yet
there arc slaves who do not think that they
nre capable of carrying on-industry when it
is out of thcir hides that all thc profit and
capital are extracted.
An article in thc Vancouver Daily Province
last Monday suggested that thc bright sunshine of October 2 was the cause of many
workers being on thc job bright and early.
For those who do not know it, B. C. went
back to C. P. lt. time on that day. At ono
time it was thought that a deity defined the
time, but man operates in the open while
the actions of a divinity cannot be seen, so it
is impossible to tell whether thc 0. P. B.
is governed by a deity, or the changers of
time are controlled by a prince of the lower
regions. But wc also noticed in thc article referred to that the employers had posted notices of ihe change in time, so wc imagine
that the fear of being late had more to do
with tho punctuality of the slaves than had
the sunshine, notwithstanding thc lure of thc
bright morning and the prospects of a day's
work.
IU.—SASSOON AND RAtiLI
W7HILST the French bourgeoisie
v was pre-occupled with the.problem of secu ring possession, of
those basic materials of capitalist
production (wherewith nature had
not endowed the soil of France.)
and, thereby rendering Itself self-
supporting alike In peaceful industry and warlike enterprise, the British bourgeoisie was concerned rather with . the safeguarding and
continued development of the territories already beneath Ita flag or
within its spheres of Influence.
The British Empire rests to this
day upon the basis of sea power.
It was no mere poetic rhodomon-
tade which prompted Tennyson to
say that the fleet was "her air in
all." "Whosoever," said Sir Walter
Raleigh, In the romantic youth of
England's imperial brigandage,
'commands the sea, commands the
trade of the world and therefore;
the world itself."
That was emphatically the case
during the greater part of the bour-
goi.s period and has only been modified ns a result of the extension
everywhere of railway and motor
transport.
The crown colonies, commonwealths, dominions and protectorates which, together with the homeland, constitute the British Empire
were, to begin with, mere Wnter
lands at the rear of trading posts
and garrison points scattered here
and there about the coasts of the
seven seas of the world. The British Empire is linked by ocean
trade routes, patrolled by an ever-
restless system of cruiser squadrons, backed by the mighty battle
fleets.
That Is the actual mandate by
which the British bourgeoisie holds
and holds together the British EnV-
plre.
Tlio German Challenge
To this mandate (unquestioned
for nearly a century) the German
navy presented Itself as a challenge. The British bourgeoisie
knew this and the British bourgeoisie began at once to spin the
threads Aid make the net wherein
to entangle thla interloper.
But—more than that. The German and Austrian bourgeoisie was
reaching out across the Balkans
and the Asiatic provinces of the
Ottoman Empire towards India,
The Central European powers,
equipped with a greater capital and
an immeasurably higher technique
of commodity production and military might, were socking to traverse thc territories which, in the
last years of the nineteenth century
became quite obviously the pivot
upon which the British Empire
must be poised.
After the preliminary conquests
which gave them their foothold in
Canada, India and Cape Colony,
the British bourgeoisie were able,
without interference from other
bourgeois, whose capitalism was
yet in its infancy, to extend their
rule over and to impregnate .with
their capital those great stretches
of North America, Africa. South-,
east Asia and Australasia which
form the major part of the Em
pire. Without much difficulty they
added to these new areas and knit
them together more closely Into an
oconomic ahd administrative unity.
The Road to India
But there remained and grew
more urgent two problems, one
political and the other economic,
each clamoring insistently for solution.
First, there waa the problem of
making safe not only the old but
also the new (or Mediterranean
and Red Sea) route to India and
of preventing approach to that
keystone of the whole imperial
fabric by any other of the European powers.
Turkey was going rapidly into
decline as a state and was deep in
debt to the cosmopolitan bourgeoisie of France, Belgium, Holland,
Switzerland, Germany and Austria,
and not merely to that of Britain.
Her absorption by Germany or her
partition amongst others whose
nationals had claims upon her waa
only a matter of years. Whoever
gained control of Asiatic Turkey
would stand on the very edge of
the ever-expanding -domain of
what we may call greater India.
Cotton—Always Cotton
Second, there was the problen
vital to the Liberal bourgeoisie of
Lancashire and Paisley, of finding
or developing now sources of raw
cotton to meet not only the increasing demand of the world
market, but to make up for the
greater volume of fibre absorbod
by the rapidly expanding industries of the United States and
Japan.
At tho same time, the industrial
population of the several capitalist countries—especially the United
States—was making big calls on
the wheat supplies of the world.
Now, there are obviously,'three
great branches of trade wherein
fabulous fortunes must and to my
knowledge have been piled up
throughout a whole century of
capitalist production.
These are the supply of corn to
the proletariat of Western Europe,
tho supply of raw cotton, as nlso
of raw jute, to tho textile industries of these same countriea and
export of cotton piece-goods ■ to
India and the East.
Tho merchants who have had,
during tho whole of this time,
the lion's share of these ihree
brances of commerce must of necessity, have accumulated surplus
values which thoy had to invest
again ns capital ln now enterprises
such ns railways, Irrigation works,
tramways, steamships, mines, oil
wells and banks. They must and
havo boon participating In the development of now territories where
they or their competitors, might
obtain now sources of supply of
their staple commodities. They
could not and cannot as Individual
capitalists, whatover thoy may
avoid in thoir capacity as firms,
havo kopt out of credit operations,
Investment trusts and the liko,
Their profits have been so stupendous that their economic powor—those mighty corn and cotton
traders is today staggering In India, Persia, Irak, Egypt, Greece,
Argentina, Canada, Uganad, East
Africa and everywhere where raw
col tou and corn are grown and
pieco goods aro made and sold.
Theso mighty merchants are ths
two   firms   of   Bassoon   and   the
By J. T. WALTON NEWBOLD   ■
world's greatest Arm of traders,^
the Anglo-Greek house of Ralll.
Thc Snssoons of Bagdad
The   Sassoons   had   the   cotton
piece goods trade of Bagdad with
Persia. Then they developed an
enormously profitable opium business between India and China.
They built up great cotton manufactures In Bombay and went heavily into banking in India, China,
East Africa, Uganda and Persia.
They were big men in the "sixties." They are Infinitely bigger
men sixty years later. Why, one
of them, the head of the clan, has
been private secretary to the commander-in-chief in France and
parliamentary private secretary to
the prelmer himself.
Thc Rallls of Ionia
The Rallls, who commenced
business in the corn trade at Marseilles and London about the same
time that the Sassoons slid down
from Bagdad to Bombay, wero
closely connected with the latter,
as with the great French banks,
in the "sixties." Today, when they
are infinitely more influential, they
nover show up on'the surfaco of
Investment. They have, however,
enormous credits to extend and do
so through those forms of Investment bankers and trust companies that nowadays enable the really big capitalists to remain hidden from sight., They do aA Immense business in India, Egypt,
the Levant, Argentina and everywhere lhat corn is bought and
sold. The Economist described
them in 1911 as "tho largest shippers of Manchester goods to India." They are the biggest jute
pressers in Bengal and do a large
trade with Dundee.
"OirS fact," said the Hellenic
Herald (March, 1908). "will suffice
to show how immense is the trade
done by this firm. From one In
dian port alone, Karachi, Ralli
Bros, export in one year more than
1,500,000 tons of cereals—a quan
tity which far exceeds the total
exports of cereals from all the
Russian Black Sea porta together."
It also described them as "the
pivot of all the present Greek colonies in England."
Should Mesopotamia, under Irrigation, become again a great wheat
growing area, should Ionia—the
Rallls came originally from Chios,
near Smyrna—again become "the
granary of the old world;" snVuld
the whole of Asia Minor revert to
the Greeks, under the aegis, of
course, of Britain, what sources of
corn, what markets for piece goods
what openings for credits will be
spread before "our Anglo-Greeks,
passionately devoted to the great
and glorious fatherland"—to quote
the panegyric upon them written
by the Greek envoy to St. James,
J. Gennadlus, in his "Hellenism in
England."
The Sassoons and the Rallls ami
all those lesser but more noisy fry
—the Inchcapes, Grcenways and
their kind—are the real owners of
India, the real masters of the east,
the real owners behind the throne
of His Most Gracious Majesty and
the cabinet chair of the other
George.
The End of Empires and Entente
Becauso ef them and their ambitions and their interests, Turk
and Greek are locked ln mortal
combat; the peasantry of Irak are
in revolt against the British intruders; Egypt and India are on the
verge of open outbreak; Britain
has alienated Italy and is at variance with France.
Those who joined forces to snap
the backbone of German Imperial-
Ism af It crept across the East,
are now joining issue as to which
of them shall possess the lands
from which the Germans have
been driven.
In tho Near Bast, the bourgeoisie Is digging a grave, British for
French and French for British
May they dig It big and deep
enough to hold them both.—The
Communist.
Kuzbas Suits
Recruits from America
(Continued from page 1)
has dug coal wherever he came
across it, with the result that there
have been some cave-ins. We are
going to start our mining operations from another place.
Before the war, the farmers
were never short of grain.' There
wap sueh an abundance that they
could not get it all in through the
dodrs and had to -stow It
thijough the roofs. But Kolchak
cariio along and destroyed everything he could lay his hands on.
Notwithstanding which the red
army was able to guard and savo
much of the machinery, mines and
factories from destruction. This
placo will be the centre of Siberian economic life in the future.
Life here, for me at least, Is
much easier and nicer than It was
In Finland or America. There I
was under the constant fear of
losing my job. Here the job is
never finished. You're not flred
because you are old and the
younger chap can nail up more
hoards a day than you can. Everyone who works gets a certain
quantity of meat, flour, tobacco,
matches, etc., and we alt go to
work singing and go to eat laughing.
Don't think, however, that there
ls no shortage. There Is a great
lack of clothing and shoes and
soap and sugar -and small working
tools, especially among our Russian comrades. And if you ever,
American comrade, have some of
these things to give, send them to
Kuzbas, room 301, 110 W 40th St,
New York City. We will get them.
Even tho government ls short of
these things. And should you be
among those who come over next
spring, bring as many as you can
of the odds and ends we cannot
get here.
Hand yonr neighbor this copy of
Tho Federationist. and then call
■iround next day for a subscription.
ETERY READER CAN HELP
Every render of Tho Federationist can render vn I uable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
and by inducing nnother worker to
subscribe. It does not take much
effort to do this.    Try it.
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.-$4.25.
Gossard Corset, for the average to full figures, is
made of plain pink sterling cloth, in low-top style,
which curves to a medium height in back with
ample fullness to eare for shoulder flesh. The long
front clasp terminates with five hooks and eyes,
and the long skirt has wide band of elastic at the
back.  Sizes 25 to 34—$4.25 a pair.
—D-yada la's Corset Shop, Second Floor.
.ore opens at 8 a.m., and closes at 6 p.m.
575 OranviUe Street
NEW FALL
MODES
of rare charm and beauty
—reasonably priced.
Tha work of expert designers In our own factory—copied from fashion
leaders.
From Maker
To Wearer
628 HASTINOS  ST..  tfaar OraaTWi
Famous
BE SURE YOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK FOB
-CIDER-
and Non-alcoholic wines ol all
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
COAL
YALE SOOTOESS
AND
NANAIMO
Kindling _>_«•
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL COMPANY
1.-0 GBANVILI/E  Ser. MM
Mainland
Cigar Store
110 OARRALL .STREET
THE PLACE FOR PIPES
Bins ap Phone SeymoBr SIM
tot appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Bulldlnf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
IIM
8__d_7 u-.lcn, II «.__ ind*-.SO Stm.
Bonis? Klio-I tau.di.t.lr follnrlaa
no-Bjaf stnlM. W*4„e.4_r U-tlmoaW
me.tlDf. • »jL Vn~ ~
101-901   Bl__>   Bids.
UNION MAN I
la that dark hour whan sympathy and bast servlc* count to
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
SM KINGS WAY, VANCOUVER
Phona Fairmont H
Prompt Ambulance Senrlco
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Oood Place to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA SM.
A FRIEND told tha other day bow
ho almost loat a (aad writ, lbs
girl wai excellent Is har petition, bat
when aho answered tha telephone aba
spoke Into it at if aba waa ilandiac
on tha back step shouting acroaa lata.
It wu pointed out to her that tbo
telephono wm a tery reipoailvo la-
Btrument and ill tbat waa neeeiaarr
wu to apeak In u ordinary tau ol
vote*.
"I rueia I know how to aoawor tko
telephone," aho replied with a Utile
heat. And it took a couplo ol hoan
to pacify ber.
How do you answer tho telephone I
B.  C. TWU-PHObTB OO.       ''
Ask for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat".
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C. K.IDAT..,.,
..October 0, 1921
fourteenth teak.  no. ss  BBITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
PAGE THREE '
|A Dental Service that is complete
in every particular
I am in the unique position of being able to
eope with every kind of dental problem in the
most modern and satisfactory way possible.
To do this I have equipped my office with every
laboratory facility, as well as a complete X-ray
service. Nothing has been overlooked that
would add to your comfort and improve my
work. You need fear no pain. ■ My methods
are endorsed by the highest dental authorities.
Expression
, Teeth
I This has long
I boen my spoctal-
' ty, tho luaking of
teeth that match
tho natural and
give your features the» full
benellt of perfect
teoth.
If yeu need dental attention, let
nic show sou llotv simple and Inexpensive the work can bc.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Exrnnssiox dentist
602 Hastings Street West
Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Seymoar 3931
1)11. DUETT ANDKHSOS, formerly member of tb. Fscultr ot tb.
Collet;- of Dentistry, University of Southern C_n_H_i_, Lecturer b_
Grown snd Bridgework, _>f_iu_str_tur in PUtewwk snd Opsrstlv.
Dentistry. Local snd Oenersl Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Uniona
3
IlNCOlJVEtt TBADES AND LABOR
Condi—President, R. H. JSeelaadi,
L.A.; general secretary, Percy R. Ben-
igh. Office: 3Q8, 319 Pender St. W.
ono Soy. 7406. Ueots In Labor Han at
p.m. on tho first and third Tuesdays
month.
(CUED PRINTXMQ TBADES COUM-
T cil— Meets second Honday In tbo
■onth. President, J. R. White; secre-
j.ry, R. H. Meelaads, P. O. Box 88.
ijOCEKY SALESMEN, LOCAL 371—
Meets second Thunder every month,
(9 Pender St. W. Presidont, J. Bright-
ooll; financial secretary, H. A. Bowion,
1*9 Barm   ""
JURtm^MEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
■tlonnl Union of America—Local 130,
incouver, B.C.. meets seoond nnd fourth
uesiUys in each month in Room 813, 319
•uder Street West. President, C. K.
errott, 71 Hastings Bt- K. Secretary,
. R. .Tanl, 320 Csmble St. Shop phone,
ty. 210X1, Rei-idonce phone. Doug. 2171K.
IfTERN A TIONAL BROTHERHOOD 0?
I Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Iclivorn of America, Local 19*1—Meetings
■nt and third Mondays in each month,
■resident, P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraaer.
|fflce: Room 303—319 Pender St. W.
l$e hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.
Try your neighbor for a sutucriih
.lon.
' 1
Slater Bros. I
Lumber Workers
News and Views
WHITE  SPRUCE LUMBER  CO.,
FERNIE, B. C.
i \;-*itetJr this camp over Sundsy,
and of aU the "gyppo" layouts I
have erer had the pleasure of seeing- in this or any other country, it
is the worst. I went into this camp
on Sunday figuring on being able to
see the crew, as Sunday Is generally a day of rest with most workers.
But not so with the contract and
piece worker, because of the one
hundred odd men in the camp, I
only saw 25, the rest being out at
work making profits for the company. The guy who is holding the]
job of walking bosa, was In 1917 a
company gunman on the American
side. During the strike he had to
leave Marble Creek during the
night, as he had used the caulked
boots on a mere boy, not having
guts enough to tackle a man of his
own alte. The hovels that this
company call camps are beyond description; double deck bunks, overcrowded bunkhouses, and no bathhouse. Camp 3 Is all 'rag houses,"
ond when you go for your meals,
the flies are so thick that you cannot eat. As for the hours, well, tha
"gyppo" worka day and night, and
by the looks of things, in another
year or so tha company wilt not ro-
quire any camps at all, aa there will
be no one wanting to use them.
This will also save the company
from furnishing blankets for their
men. In fact there Is no one to
blame for tbe rotten conditions in
the Crow but the piece worker. If
they had their heads examined, all
that one would find would be a few
pine knots and some "gyppo" tools.
.JCKLAYERS ASD lUSOiNS-—If   yon
need bricklayers or masons for boiler
Jerks,   etc.,   or   marble   setters,   shone
bricklayers'  Union. Labor Temple,
ISiTE'D BROTHERHOOD OP CAR-
pent-.™ and Joiners, Local 452—Proal-
knt, Wm. Dnnn; recording secretary,
F'o. Snell; huslnesa agent, Oeo. H. Hardy.
Room 304, Sit Pender St. W.
tents m-uond and fonrth Mondays, a p.m.,
[oom 5, 319 Pender St._W.^
IOTEL AND RESTAURANT Employ, os
Union, Local 28—441 Seymour'Stroet.
eets first and third Wednesdays at 3.30
Second and fourth Wednesdays at
1.30 p.m. Executive board meeta every
■uoaday at 9 p.m. President W. Colmar.
Business agent, A. Oraham.    Phono Sey.
TE":  	
UMBERWORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OP CAMADA—Ad Indus-
Hal nnion of all waiktia la log-
tng and construction camps. Coait Dls*
flct and General Headquarters, 61 Cor
iva St. W, VaaeoBro, B. 0. Phona Bey.
,568. J. M. Clark*, general secretary
J-eanurer; legal advisors, Hoaara. Wra,
■acdonald k Co., Taneouver, B. C; aa.lt-
pn,  Vessra.  Buttar A  Chiene,   Vancou*
Jr, B. C.	
fAOHINISTS LOCAL 692—President,
_ Ed. Diiwson; secretary, R. Hirst; bnal-
felt agent, P. R- Bengough. Office: 309,
|l9 Pender St. W. Meets fa Room 1,
.9 Pender St. W., on second and fourth
ieaday  in month.
ACHI-JISTB    LOCAL    182—Preaident,
Leo George;  aeeretary,  J*   0*   Koefo;
■Mlnei* agent, P. R. Bengough-    Offlee:
1)9, 319 Pender St. W.    Meeta fn Rnnm
JS, 010 Pender St. W. oa Irat aad third
fcatajayi la moath. _.
IROTHfc-RHOOB- OP PAINTEBS, DKOO-
1,rators and Papernangera of America.
■cat 138, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
h Thursdays at 148 Cordova St. W.
bono Bay. 8491. Bnsiness agent, R. A.
arkor.
EDEKATED BEAPAREKS UNION OF
B.  C—formerly Firemen  and  Oiler*'
nion    ot    British    Columbin—Mi-->Hn_.
ghts, Irat Tuesday and third Friday nf
ch moath at 318 Cordova W.     Preaident.
,   Thom;   vice-president,   R.   Morgan;
icretary-treasurer,   W.  Ihwaldson.    Ad*
•ess,   313 Cordova St. W-,  Vanconver,
.0.    Victoria Branch Agent's nddrenx, W.
rancis,  567 Johnson St., Victoria,  B.C.
iTERNATIONAL UNION STEAM AND
Opei#/-,nK Engineers, Local 644, meeta
cry Thursday at 9 p.m., Room 307
tbor Temple. Secret ary-Trcesurer, N.
reen, 953 Hornby St. Phone Sey. 70-l.TR.
'cording Socretary, TT. Chandler,
sll Ave,, North Vancouver.
1881
TREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
| -Meeta K. P. Halt, Ith and Kingsway,
;t and 3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7
.tn. l'r.'sith-nt, F. A. Hoover. 2409 Clarko
rive; recording-secretary, F. E. Qrlfin,
47—tit), Avonue Eaat; treasurer, A. F.
mlrew; financial-secretary and bust-
ess ngent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Hum-
■les Street; office, corner Prior and Main
ts.   Phono Fair. S601R.	
lOURNEVMEN i'AILORS' UNION OL
1 America, Local No, 178—Meetings held
[rut Monday in each month. 8 p.m. Pres*
', A, it. Gatenby; vice-president, Mrs,
|>oll<; recording aeeretary, C. McDonald,
. 0. Box 503; financial secretnry, P.
lleNeish, P. 0. Box 503,
pOOIKTY  FOR TECHNICAL   AID   TO
Snvlet Russia, Vancouver branch, meets
irst und  third  Sundays  each  month,   2
i.,.nl (11 Cordova St. W.   For infonna*
ii write to branch secrotary, S.T.A.S.R.,
CorttbVa St.  W„ Vancouver.   B. C.
JJrPOORAPHIOAL   UNION   No.   226—
Prosidcnt, Willi Skinner; vice*president,
Tucker;   secretary-treasurir,    R.    H.
l-ieeliuiil.-.     P.   0.  Box    06.     Meets    Inst
(Sunday nf each month at 2 p.m.
Ono dollar and flfty centa ls the
tost for a six months subscription
t0 Uie Federatlonist.
NOTICE!
Logging Men!
Christie's No. 200 Calfskin
Single Sole  St ltd id own Hoot
is tho lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever made.
A NEW CREATION   p
If you ubo your feot ns n sledgehammer on hooks, chains, etc.,
then buy Christie's No. 50 and go
at it. Waterproof; guaranteed to
hold caulks.
Christie Boot
Factory
51  COKDOVA WEST
1'lionu Se}'. .1070
WEEK-END
SPECIALS
Free Delivery
Atl    Over    Vancouver,    Sonth
Vancouver,    Colllngwood,
Point Grey, Kerrlsdale
123 Hastinsa St. E.     Sey. 3263
830 Granvillo Sey.   860
3200 Main St. Fair. 1683
1101 Ci-anvllle, Cor. Davie and
Granville (on Granville)
Sey. 0119
Canada's Fineat Breed Flour,
Special for Friday and
Saturday
Ogllvie's Hoyal Household
Flour, 49-lb. sack, reg.
$2.25. Special, d*1 OP
delivered     91*OU
FRESH MEAT DEPARTMENT
Choice Pot Roasts from, lb...10c
Clioico Oven Roasta from,   per
lb 12Vae
Choice Rolled Roasta from, per
lb 20c
Choico  Boiling Beef from,  per
lb ;  8e
LISTEN*
Wo have, without a doubt,
the finest consignment of
Fresh Pork Shoulders we
have hsd this year. They
are all nice and plump,
wtth lota of meat on them,
and they only weigh from
4 to 8 lbs. Reg. 28c lb.
Extra special,    l Ql
per tb     lOlC
Come along or phone and get
onc for your Sunday roast.
C. P. R. BULL RIVER, B. G.
Falls Creek camp—This camp is
being run by a former company
"gyppo," who is now employed as
foreman. Not being" content with
one job, he takes a team at night
and does, the freighting for the
camp; a truly good, faithful slave
for the system. While up the river
I wanted to go further up to work
in another camp, but was told that
I had to stay where I was, because
there would be no other Job on the
river for me, ns no one further up
the river could get any of the men
who were working for the C. P. R.
Yesterday when coming in from
Bull River to Cranbrook, I met a
man going to Vancouver to hire a
bunch of Hindus to work on the
section between Bull River and Golden for the large sum of ?3 per
flay, which is another attempt to
lower the standard of living of the
workers in this part of the country.
fl LETTERS TO §
I Tfflyray
se===^g^f=9F===s*-}'
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily endorsed by Th* Federatlonist, and no responsibility Ior the
views expressed Is accepted by the
management.}
a S. Canadian British
Editor B. C. Federationist: Once
more one of the Canadian government marine ships arrived in port,
namely, the steamer Canadian British, with the usual story of hardships endured by the crew. The
captain, who seems to recognize the
hard struggle that the men exist
under, and knowing that their reslstence is weak, had nearly every
one of the crew "logged** two days
pay for one at various ports on the
outward and homewwd journey.
The wages of firemen and seamen
are $60 per month on theie Canadian government merchant marine
ships, which ft does not seem too
low, according to the tog book, as
some of the men have been logged
over |20 during the trip. If the
publio only understood the hardships that the men endure without
being logged, then they would understand and the reason for so muh
criticism being levelled at the Canadian government merchant marine ships. It should be noted that
the officers on board the Canadian
Britisher, seeming to have a keen
desire to log the men, who are unfortunate enough to have to work
under them, as according to the
crew, who were on the Britisher
previous to this trip. Eleven stokers or firemen were logged for trying to get their Saturday afternoon
off at a port on the homeward Journey. Two hundred yen, that was
rated at MOO Canadian. Each of
the 11 stokers were togged to the
extent of )9.09.
There does not seem to be the
slightest effort on behalf of these
fflcers to co-operate with the members of their crew,
W. DONALDSON.
Sec. Federated Seamen's Union of
B. C.
I'|»»m» IH.i-fl 1 1 nnifi-mn M M M I I |.||i
The Chinese Metal Workers
Union in Canton
FRESH KILLED LAMB
Prime Meaty Cuts of Lamb,
per Ib 23u
Prlme Legs of Lamb, lb,.33c
Prime Loins of   Lamb,   per
lb ;....30c
Prime Lamb Stew, 2 lbs..S5c
Pure  Pork  Sausage,  lb S8c
Brookfield Sausage, lb 33c
Lamb's Liver, per lb ISo
Fresh Pork Hocks,  per lb..,13c
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
The wholesalers want more for
their butter now.
Sht-cr's Advice—Buy Butter
On sale Friday and Saturday,
our famous Gilt Edge Alberta
Creamery Butter, excellent
quality.   Special, 3 lbs 91.25
Fine Alberta Creamery But-
" 3 "*    $1.15
Slater's     Choice
Ibtreaky    Bacon,
half slabs,
per  lb	
Ureakfast
whole    or
35k
C. Fresh Eggs, do!! 40c
C. Storage Eggs, doz...40c
' Slater's
Sliced
Breakfast
Streaky Bacon
por Ib.—
I0(- nnd l.~n:
Slater's
Sliced
Ayrshire
Bacon
per lb.
 35c
Finost A
y rehire
[toll Bacon,
sliced,
per tb.
 40c
MICKELSOX'S   CAMP—BARNS
CREEK
This is an old camp that has not
been used for a longf time, and is
only flt for hogs to stay in, but the
piece workera like it and think it
fine, but they are contented with
what ever the boss gives them if
only they are allowed a contract,
and thc opportunity to make more
profits for their master and more
misery for themselves. Vfhy don't
you fellows try and get some Improved conditions in these camps?
und make the company give you
the things that it Is necessary for
you to have. Organiie and get the
things you are entitled to.
Washington—'In spite of all re-
ports of political and military
confusion in China, the Pekin
government has negotiated a new
loan of 196,000,000 silver, secured
by tho salt tax, according to Commercial Attache Arnold at the
American embassy. Japanese banks
loan money to Chinese cotton mills
with the mills as security. At
Canton, scene of recent fighting,
banking is ngnin normal. Of the
$Sb Miti.ooo loan, Japan will hold
$39,000,000 to cover earlier loana,
while $10,000,000 has been pledged
for -idminlstrntive expenses and
$17,000,000 will be handed over to
the Chinese bankers' group to
cover their railway loan advances
with interest.
Slaters 4 Stores
FREE DELIVERY
Ogden, Utah—The Utah State
Foderation of Labor, meeting hore
in State convention, adopted the
"Chicago resolution," which
dorses the amalgamation of craft
unlona into a single industrial union
for each industry, and calls upon
the executive council A. F. of L. to
call a conference of international
unions for arranging steps toward
the amalgamation.
V.
F.
Building Permits
Sept.   27—1338   Arbutus,   J.
Mawdsley, dwelling, $3500.
Sept. 28—Granville Ialand,
Hall, machine shop, $1500; 161—
15th Ave West, J. I. Murray, dwelling.  $2000.
Sept. 29—3764 Charles, Jnmes
Brown,,dwelling, $2500.
Kept. 30—Kitsilano High School,
School Trustees, school, $3200.
Oct. 2—2215—19-25 York, J. J.
Johnstone, three dwellings, $2000
each.
Oct. 3—23*10 Alma, L. B. Frnser,
dwelling, $3000.
Oct. 4—2187—8th Av*\ East, C.
H. Fower, dwelling, $2£50.
-ORPHEUM-
f»_«mr«v_TNf.    MONDAY.   OCT.    0
Tiotob iron**, emma urns-
 FIEID A CO_	
 MISS  QBE-IE   _______
ALICE  .ni MARY  M-OABTHT
BILLT OIAS0JJ_  _
"ED.  M.  QORPOH  aud  IDA  DAT
CHANDRON   TRIO	
 OlABBIA COMMA*    ___ (j
HUMS, 2(c|_ M.M., _5c_0o
'  Twice Daily, 2:30 aud 8:20
DANCING
Efary Moil, Wad. and Sat, Bvutaia
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION
BO4 HORNBY 8T. Opp. Court Houae
fresh Cut Flowers, Fum.nil BcKlgns, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Oriiiitiu'iitul und Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries *
Brown, Bros. & Co. Ltd.
1 FLOniSTS AM) NUHSKI1YMKN
48 Hustings St. IS. 2—STORES—2 665 Gruuvlllo St.
Sey. 98B-072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWKKS"       Sey. 9513-1391
At Ihe Orpin-urn
Again somothing now in vaudeville is to occupy tho Orpheum
Stage next week, when Alice nnd
Mary McCarthy, -styled "Two Littlo
Girla in Blue" arc seen. Both will
sing in the harmonious and unaffected way that has given them a
reputation nil through the Eaat.
Thev aro possessors, of a decidedly
distinctive song delivery.
The Misses McCarthy are of exceedingly chic nnd dimlnuitivc proportions. Thoir sweet innocence invariably captivates theatre patrons.
Thoso attributes, QOUPlod with their
simplicity ami informal manners,
strikes a new noto in the presentation of popular songs.
Personality In a characteristic
which has boon an important factor
In their attainment of auccess.
EMPRESS
~™    SEY. 24D2
flU WEEK  Or OPT. 0
PAasDCia-ad Stock PUyors, Ltd.
And   Mlsa   Margaret   Marriott
•wk       In   a   laughing,   RinaRliing
ftr comtdy,   vntltlcd
17 "Getting Gertie's
e        Garter"
s
Tho ticst ahow yet, nnd each
tilmw I'-i'Iit thnn tha rest,
COc-Mou. Kite Bargain Nito-OOe
Usual Winl   and Hat. Matlncci
The P. L. P.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—Sir:
The summer, with its out-of-doors
allure, is gone; already the evenings have lengthened, and the time
hns come when the working class
should be putting their organiza^
tions Into shape for another assault
upon the citadel of capitalism, or at
least making preparation for the
final assault; therefore, as the exe
cutlve of the Federated Labor Party
we will endeavor to point out the
necessity for a greater activity on
the part of the membership.
Theoretically at least, this country is governed by tho Federal parliament, Provincial legislature, city
and municipal councils, and it is
imperative at thta time that we
should direct our efforts to electing
members of tho working class to
represent us upon these bodies. At
prosent wo have two representatives In tho Provincial legislature,
one on the city council, ond another on the school board, which is
a beginning, but still not a very
creditable showing for this Province, and this raises the question of
what the parly is doing between
election campuigns.
We have no salaried officials, and
all work In the interest of the party
is performed by comrades, who
must also earn their own livelihood,
and while we realize that some
sacrifice must be made before anything can be accomplished, nevertheless we maintain that It ts unfair to allow a few to make the
sacrifice, when all will participate
In the benefits. Since the last civic
election, the routine work haa been
carried on by a very few members,
who have worked faithfully, without wages or reward, to keep the
organization intact; but if the membership do not manifest more interest in the work of the party, it
must of necessity be abandoned,
for no election can be contested
absolutely free from expense. Hall
rent, printing and distribution of
literature, as well ns other expenditures are incidental to any campaign, and some of the expenso incurred in connection with the last
Federal eloction is not yet liquidated, and the same Is true of the
civic elections.
With these facts before you, it
will be apparent that something
must be done If the Federated Labor Party is to remain a factor in
tho politicnl field. Tou will observe that wo have said "remain a
factor," which implies that we are
of the opinion that it is a factor at
present, and not only thnt, wo believe that it Is the onty working
class politicul pnrty In this province that has nny hope of attaining
representation either now or in the
neat- future.
The Vnncouver elections for aldermen, school board and park
commissioners will take place very
soon, and wo should bo able to olect
at lenst two nldermen this yenr,
which would double our presont representation.
Three members of tho school
bonrd must seek re-election this
time, and It should be quite possible
for us to place anothor membor on
tho board.
Thero is also a vacancy In tho
Provincial legislature for the city
of Vancouver.
If wo are prepared to take advantage of theso openings to spread
nur idoas, and should our candidates bo elected, it would give us
further opportunities to expose the
pyrposu of politieal government to
ifi*?. many, who .slill have faith in It
as a benevolent institution designed
to protect them from the winds of
adversity.
Wc would suggest, that as a
member, you could promote the
growth and influence of the party,
hy
(a) raying your dues promptly,
if you have not already dono so;
(b)) Attending as many of our
meetings, propaganda, oducational
and business, as you possibly can.
(c) Taking an active part lit the
work af tho party. We neod chairmen, speakers, pamphlet writer*
and workers; men and women who
will plan and carry on social even
Ings which are necessary to lighten
«nd onlivcn tho gonoral routine of
work.
The time for action Is hore—tho
field for action unlimited, and tho
rosult will demonstrate the labor,
Intelligence and sincerity of our efforts, therefore, it Is with confidence that wo oxpoct you to engage
ln this fight and ask your frienda
who are members of the working
class to Join the party and share In
tho work, to the and ttat the great-
The strongest and" best or-*
ganiied union throughout China
is.: without doubt the Metal
Worker* Union In Canton. Thia
union particularly was involved In
serious struggles. Thousands of Ita
members have borne punishments
for the!^-participation in the class
struggles of the union. The union
has been involved th many strikes,
and has not suffered a single defeat.
Although it was founded but recently, and it lacks the leaders who
can guide Its work Into the right
channels, It has none the less recognized that the emancipation of the
working elass is the concern of the
workers themselves.
The union was actually founded
in the year 1909. But at that time
the development of the workers organizations was quite Impossible In
consequence of the difficulties placed in their way by the then existing government of the Manchu dynasty. Until 1917, therefore, the
union existed only in name. When
China became a republic, the Canton metal workers called a general
conference at Hong Kong in order
to consider the question of reviving
the activities of the unfon. In the
course of a very short space of
time, the metal workers of Canton
collected about (100,000. In a few
years the union became the centre
of the Labor movement for the
whole of China, including tho district of Nang-Yuang.
The, membership ofthe union—In
all -numbering 156,000—comprises
the workers of Canton (19,900), as
well1 as those of other towns. The
union is divided Into ten sub-sections, for draughtsmen, modellers,
founders,, turners, moulders, steel
workers, copper workers, machinists, electro-technical workers and
stokers. The affairs of the union
are transacted by an executive committee consisting of ten members,
to which each of the ten sections
elects three additional members.
The executive committee elects a
chairman and the membera of the
whole union elect a special union
president.
The resources of the union are
derived from the current contributions of the members. At the time
of a strike, special collections are
taken which serve to procure pro-
-»■§..«,,»■» i ma ,t,iiinli>il«ii»i«.i>in^.-».»»«.^-*'
visions for the strikers. A large
building is at present tn course of
erection, which will, contain the
whole business premises of the
union, and whose cost of construction will amount to about $100,000.
The union is endeavoring to instruct its members tn the economic
sciences, to found schools and set
up a press. The executive committee has set itaelf the following
tasks which are to be realized in
tho near future:' 1. To found
schools for mechanics; 3. To publish a monthly journal for mechanics; 3. To publish a weekly journal; 4. To build a model factory
for mechanics; 5. To erect a hospital for workers; 6. To organize
a technical school; 7. To establish
savings bank for workers; 8. A
sanatorium for tuberculous work
ers; 9. To erect a convalescent
home for aged people; 10. To organize kindergartens.
During tho last two yeara three
strikes were carried out tn the eity
of Canton. The first strike broke
out, in May, in consequence of the
workers demanding higher wages.
JThe strike ended successfully; the
wages were increased by about 32%
per cent. The second strike took
place In November, 1920, for the
purpose of supporting the Provinco
of Canton in its flght for self government. This strike also achieved
its purpose. The third strike broke
out in May, 1921, when the workers
demanded a further Increase in
wages and a reduction of the working hours. Here too. a complete
victory was won in which the workers at the same time compelled the
employers to make good the earnings lost during the strike. In this
manner the Metal Workers Union
of Canton conducts its propaganda,
not only by word and writing, but
also by deed.
The Canton Metal Workers
Union, ln spite of many a failing
and errors, constitutes an important factor in the development of
the Lnbor movement in China. The
union ls still very young. It Is still
necessary to Instill a true class-
consciousness into the members of
the union. Only then will it be
able to unfold the banner of the
social revolution, and bring the
struggle to a successful conclusion
by the abolition of capitalism,
Western Imperialism
Loses in Asia Minor
[Bjt William P. Dunne]
THE FAMOUS
Astoria Shoes
for Men
We have just received a new Fall shipment of
this well known make of footwear. They are
the favorite shoes for men who demand style
pins service and comfort- Made in rich dari
mahogany shade, in tan Russian calf, black calf,
and black kid; suitable for either Business or
Dress wear; in all sizes, and widths A to EE,
and attractively priced at— _t	
$9 to $10.50
—In our Specialty Boot Shop.  Direot entrance on Gran. Hie St.
Hudson's Bay Company
Bishop Brown
Replies to Traducers
(Continued from page 1)
STRIPPED of all such hysteria as
k"' that 'which results in reports
that the Turks burnt Smyrna (after
they had1 captured it) the story of
the Greek debacle in the Near
East, fbitowed by the frantic and
utile efforts of the English imperialists to rally their late allies for
a new world war, means just one
thing, and that Is the end of Western imperialism in Asia Minor,
and In all probability In Asia itself.
The Turkish Nationalists Will get
Constantinople, not because France
hae backed the Turks as against
the Oreek proteges of Great Britain and finds herself committed to
their further support, but becauso
the whole Mohammedan world is
aflame—French and Britihs possessions alike.
Back of all stand the power of
Soviet Russia—the greatest power
in the world today—looked upon
by alt tho eastern peoples as their
saviour and protector from the oppression of the capitalist nations of
Western Europe, The map of Europe and of Asia has been redrawn
by the victorious march of the Turkish Nationalists, and never again
will a western power dictate to the
brown and yellow men of that continent. Soviet Russia has her outlet to the warm waters of the Mediterranean by her treaty with the
Turks, and their victory has plugged the hole In her frontier through
which a hostile army might drive.
The little Balkan nations, hostile to
Soviet Russia by reason of Anglo-
French persuasion, know better
now, than to attempt to wage a war
which would be nothing less than
national suicide in view of the
events of the lust few weeks.
Great Britain Is driven to blus- ,
ter when she thinks of seething
India, hut she can only bluster.
The full extent of her strength
was shown when her colonies remained cold In the face of the
peril tho empiro faced as voiced by
l-iuwi.ii.;,' streot. France and Italy
refused their aid. and once more
tho eternal rivalries between capitalist nations, (pointed out time
and timo again by the Third International) have worked for the destruction nf what effectiveness Is
left In the dying body of JOuropeun
Imperialism,
For those who for one reason or
another pride themselves on tho arrogance with which imperialism as
represented by Oreat Britain, has
dealt with the subject nations and
fiftcond-ciass powers, R must come
severe shock to witness the
humbling of tlm Imperial pride
the ChurchlUs and ocorgea. The
working masses of lhi woriit can be
(.eceived no longer by the futile
phrases of dfir.!t>u.ati_ and Britain's
d'p'omai-y (onea the gl'eatefel In th*.
w.v.ld) Is found to tie whnt all capl-
Iflftjtt diplomn-'y li Wiien not back-
o'l by bayonets—n miserable dls-
l-liiy of senile wtul.r.oss,
Ii is from tho military men and
nr.t from tho dlplaitntu that we pet
the truth about tha Turkish vl'ttury
and its far-reaching 04Ttt.enUGnc<-£,
Let us listen to General Towm-thcnd
—tho hero of Kut-ol-Amarn, who
was captured by the Turks duriiit.
the world war, and who knows
them us few Europeans do,
"We had better mako penco wilh
Mustapha Kemal while you can,"
says this soldier of British Impgrl-
♦alism, according to dispatches. Continuing, he said: I
"My God, what madness to treat!
the Near East situation as the powers are doing. We have no buelness In Constantinople, and the
sooner we get out the better.
"If something Is not done, we are
threatened with a holy war. The
entire Mohammedan world would
riso against us and menace the existence of the British Empire.
"Mastapha Kemal can take Constantinople. If he does, I would
not be surprised to see the Bolsheviki march to Constantinople to
help the Turks. Then we would
have another world war."
"The Kemalists have a big, well-
disciplined army—I would rather
not say how many,
"We can have peace with the
Turks. I talked to Kemal, and he
outlined the conditions. I forwarded the memorandum to Mr, Lloyd
George. The Turks want independence of territories where the Turkish population predominates, and
will guarantee freedom of the Dardanelles.
"We had better settle while we
can. I know what fs ln the minds
of the Turks, and 1 warn of the
consequences, A hoty war would
set the whole east aflame, from
Turkey to India—and remember
Russia. Didn't 1 see the soviet officers in Angora aiding the Nationalists?   That is worth reflection."
The inevitable haa happened. The
hostility of the Western European
powers toward Russia, whose
friendship with the so-calted backward nations of Asia has been fully
demonstrated, has solidified the
Asiatic peoples, as has Ret up a wall
of resistance to encroachments of
Kuropean Imperialism that cannot
be broken by the bankrupt Western
nations, whose people ure sick and
tired of war, and the more disastrous peace the finance capitalists
and militarists forced upon a war-
torn continent.
Unless tho European Junkers are
Insane enough to risk certain defeat, In ono mad military struggle
with the rising powers of the cast,
and Turkish victory means much
to tho workers of Europo and Soviet Russia. It means a now era
of penco and production, with Russia showing the way to tho world
of workers willing to follow a leadership that holds out hope of rescue from the welter of starvation,
misery and disease into which a dying capitnlism bus plunged those
who  followed -its will-o-tlic-wisp.
representations of the booklet.
Communism and Christtanism.
On the one hand. I cannot consistently blame you for thie conviction, because during the many
yeara of my active minlsty, I
would hava entertained lt towarda
any one among you who had left
as I have the orthodox way and
travelled at far ln tho heretodox
one.
On the other hand, you cannot
blame me, human naturo boing
what it Is, for feeling that the real
reason for stopping the movement
ls your Inability to frame charges
from tha booklet and to proceed
against me with them without discrediting your own orthodoxy moro
than my heretodoxy.
But to make euro that I am not
in error ao to thie feeling, I will
offer, and hereby do offer, myself
to the Houso of Bishops for i
thorough-going, mental examination by the professors of psychology fn Tale, Columbia and John
Hopkins unlveAltles. They aro
not personally known to me, but
I am willing to trust them.
If you accept this challenge and
arrango for the examination, it
Bhould take place at Gallon; for,
tn tho preient condition of my
health, I could not go to one of
the universities for It and have
strength enough left for the requisite sittings.
If the membera of tho House of
Bishops will place themselves on
record as believing the representations of the Btble, literally interpreted, concerning the creation of
Adam and Eve; the planting o'f
the Garden ot Eden; the fall of
Adam and Eve nnd fts effects; thc
birth of Jesus; his death and descent Into hell; his resurrection
and ascension Into heaven, and his
second coming to raise all deceased men, women and children from
tho dead and to Judge and sond
thom to heaven or hell, I will resign and do hereby agree to resign  my seat In  tho house.
If you do not accept the first of
theso offers I shall feel that you
should not reflect upon my mental
conditions In public or private, but
rather appoint a competent artist
to illustrate tho situation with a
picture of • big, barking, snapping
dog and * little curling, bristling
porcupine wltb these explanatory
in script! ont: (1) Undor tho dog.
The Houso of Bishops;" and (J)
under tho porcupine, "Bishop
Brown," and (S) under tho picture, "Nothing that can safely bo
taken hold of."
Hoping for your acceptance of
ray friendly challenge, I ora, with
every good wish for all, very cordially yours.
Seattle—Wives and mothers from
sll parts of Washington nnd British Columbls, recently gathered
horo in tho annual convention of
tho Womon's International League
for Peace and Freedom. They demanded the outlawing of war.
when nr town nw _a
The Oliver Rooms
«M CORDOVA B__R
Breryt—at Meatn
Chiropractic
Hydro Therapy
Diet
WUl nuke 70a well acaln
Dr. W.Lee Holder
THE   WORKERS'   FRIEND
74 Fairfield Bldg.
Se>f 8533      Vancouver, B.C.
Mon., Wed., Friday..- „l-8
Tucs., Thure., Saturday....1-5
er the numbor of workers, the lighter the task for each one to perform, until at last, by tho forco of
our numbers directed by lntellt
genco, we nro ablo to wrench tho
moans of lifo from the sriisp of
privilege, and bring about that day
so d'ovoutly to be doslred; that day
when the emancipation of the working class, and man at last shell
indeod be free in a classless world,
—Tours,
The Federated Lsbor Tarty.
Paris—In violation of the French
oight-hour day act of April 23,
IHIS, the supremo council of the
French railways is endeavprlng 'o
put through an order hy which tho
railway workers will ho compelled
to fontrihnto 300 unpaid hours of
overtime labor annually, Tho railway workors hnve prepared a memorandum in which Ihoy contend
that the proposod regulation Is contrary to law. Before the order can
go Into offect the ministor of public
works will hnvo to rulo upon tho
protest of tho railwny workors.
Butto, Mont.—In reply to nn appeal for funds for the striking miners in thc ConnetlK'.iUe cuke region
of Pennsylvania, insido at the moeting of the Silver Bow Trades und
Lahor Council, Jl0 was donated,
and tho delogatcs wore instructed
lo bring tho mnlter to tlio attention
of thoir respective unions.
St. Joseph, Mich.—Tho nineteen
labor men nrrosted In tho Michigan
rod raid of Aug. 21, and hold on
stato criminal syndicalism charges,
had their cases continued to Oct.
26. Ono moro defendant, T. s. Sullivan, St. Louis, was released on
$10,000 hnll and bail monoy for the
remaining ton is boing rulsod.
Pstronlzo Fod Advertisers,
To Buyers of Printing
THE following Arms havo established the 44-hour week, and
* nre therefore the only printing ofllcea operating undor conditions which arc fair to tho undersigned organizations:
Arcmli>   -'riiilprx,   Homer  Stroet  Arrade _.  „.,Roy. 4«S3
11. 0. Printing mi'l I-ithi- Ltd.. Smjnhe ami Homer 8u... Ker- 3233
Brontlway Printers, BIO Brondwajr Kaat  K»lr. 303
Citizen,   Tho,   H.">1   Broidway   Writ „ Rny.   357
COWIII  &   DrooltllOUlO,   lll!fl  How.*  Ht Sey. 4490-7421
Crn-I))-  Printing Co.,   HOii  Towor   Huilding foy.   261
Krrdt fr Oremui. 'i21 Gamble Stroel  „ Sey. 320O
I'-vniis,   ChitrJ-'H   A.,   Iti7«   Klng«w*j; _ yBlr. 780
IviTnImw,   .1.   A.,   t.84   Kcymmir   Blrfet _.       flpy. 8674
Mltcholl'Foloy, Ud.,  i^o Hmtinfi St. W s.-, uaaa
North Shont PrBil, North  Vanrouter  _   _...N. V.   80
I'ncillc Printers,  .'-DO Tower llulldlng _   .....Bey. 9592
Vninfo,   Jimi'it.   213   Hn*(inipi   Street  Eftit   _. Sey. 8129
!'roifre.»lvo   I'rinter*,   18   Vletorl*   Drive    _ High. 2270
Record Publishing Co., 099 fender JM. W „„ Sey. 7808
KogiTi Printing (?<>., 580 Homer Htroot Ssy*t-44o
Seymonr Pffis, 438  Richnrdj.  St  Soy. 3723
Shltvoik hroH.. Typesetters, 341 Pender St. w Soy- 584
Nhilvo-rk-.Isekson,  Typefounders,   341   Tender  St.   W flcy-   684
Stor Printing  Co.,   812   Tender   St.   Weil Sey- 8008
Hun Publishing Co., 137 Pender St West Soy.    40
Vfiuconver  Job   Printers,   737   Ponder   bt.   \Ve»L Sey. 2021
Vnncouver Printing Service, 819 Meti-opolftin Bulldiflf.:..8ey. 9199
Wnrd, Lionel k Cu.. Ltd., 31t Homar St Soy.   IBS
Woodruff,   R.   L. A  Son.   1530 (16th   Ave. W -....Kbur. 180
Wrlgley  Printing Co.,   Ltd.,  42'!   Homer St - Sey. 3825
VANCOUVER TYI'OtJIlAI'IMCAI- UNION No. 220
VANOOUVER PRESSMEN'S UNION No. 09
VANCOUVER ItOOKHI.NDEnS' UNION No. 105
Tlte underiticntloiicil firm- are non-union, Instigators or supporters of the "AMEtftGAN PliiAN" in the printing trade In
Vancouvor, und consequently opposed to union mon und union
principles,
0. A. Roedde, Ltd,
Rose, Cowsn ,fj MtU
Itiggs,   Anderson,  Odium, Ltd.
J.   W. Boyd
Clnrke A  Stuart A. II. Tlm
Kvans  &  Hs'llngx.  Ltt. Uneedi. Printers
Murphy A Chspman White   k  ltindon
Nicholson, Ltd Vuneouver Stntlonors
J PAGE FUUh
FOURTEENTH TEAR.
no. ss BKlTfSH COLUMBIA FKDERATJQIM.S'r  vakooov__i_. b. a
-"RIDAT.... October ., rr__|
Saturday $
Specials
Men's  dark brown   Dress   Shoes,
made in two shapes, a broad toe
and a scmi-reeede toe. lliese shoes arc all solid leather,
and will be on at this price for one day
only.   Saturday price	
$5.00
Another line of Black Chrome wet weather work boots,
with plain toes, at the same
price 	
$5.00
S
ARE LEGALIZED
Three lines of ladies' Brown Calfskin Oxfords,
arc smart models with welted soles.   You
save $2.50 on each pair at ....
These
$5.00
Hake it a point to bring your repairing
down town with you. We will do it while
you do your other shopping.
PIERRE PARIS
51
Hastings West
Health Is Nature's
Sacred Gift
To be in harmony with nature's
laws is the privilege of every
man and woman.
The. transgression of these
laws means sickness and
disease.
Nature, however, provides a
counterpart for every sickness.
This is proven by the great
majority of cases that come to
me in despair, after being given up by specialists
and drag doctors, and are today spreading my fame
abroad.
Dr. WALTER STURDY
OFFICES: 312,3,4, 5 DOMINION BUILDING
Telephone Seymour 2098 for Appointment
Norway Grants New
Legislation to
Workers
(By the Federated Press)
Chrlstlanla, Norway — Norway
has recently put upon the atatute
books an act legalizing works
councils. The law applied to pub-
He and private establishments em-
ploying a minimum ot 50 workers. It applies also to the railways, the telephone and telegraph
services, but specifically excludes
civil service government workers.
Under the provisions of the law,
one-fourth of the total number of
workerB In a given plant has the
right to demand the creation of a
works council. All workers over
13 years may then elect the members of the council, which ls to
comprise from two to ten members, depending upon the size of
the undertaking. Eligible to the
position of member of the works
council is any worker above 21
yearB of age.
The works council can exercise
no actual control over tho undertaking. That power remains with
the owner or employer. But the
bosses are compelled by law to
listen to and counsel with the
works councils In all questions affecting wages, hours of work,
overtime, vacations and measures
for the social uplifting of the workers.
The works council ls thus main
ly a safety valve for the workers
to lot off steam and to make their
wishes and demands known to the
bosses.
Delegate Pettipiece advocated
the appointment by the oouncll oi
a committee to deal with city affairs, and stated that he would
welcome such assistance, and cited
the Milk bylaw as one*instance
where the assistance of. such | a
committee would be of great help.
The council endorsed the' 6 a.m.
provision.
The question of unfair bakeries
was brought up by a number of the
Bakery Salesmen's Union, who
pointed out that Dodson's Bakery
had refused to deal with their organization. Rose's Baqery alao
came in for some criticism, but as
it was reported that union bakers
were employed at this bakery,
IN THE NEW TURKEY
[By O. Astakhov, Angora] "
A NGORA does not look like much.
**  As far as the eye ean see, small
groups of old gray houses hugging
the gray mountain side. The centre of the city has been burned
down. The streets have been blown
open. People are working, trying
to build new ones. In the daytime
!t is one intolerable gray dust cloud
and at nUlu, absolute darkncsB.
. '*■ But there is a building in this city
was decided to place Dodson's on | which makea us forgot the gray.
Trades  Council
Opposed to War
(Continued   from   pagtV 1)	
SHOES
ARE quite  a proplcm  In
these days of high prices,
hut    the    following    prices
should appeal to all.
Men's Knee Gum Bonis, white nolo
and heel. Keg. $5.50, tat...$4.66'
Men's Five-Eyelet Gum Bootn, rnt
■olo.     Saturday    |3.85
Children's Knee Gum Boots, flreco
lined; sizes 5 to 10 1-2.
Saturday _ 12.16
Children's Woolen Knickers, to
alio 28.    Saturday  96c
Atlantic Cream Knit Underwear.
Fer suit,  Saturday  11.96
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings,
Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN  STREET
(Between 7th snd  Bth Atenuea)
San Francisco—The natives of
the South Seas are dying off be
cause of the mistaken efforts of
white missionaries, according to
Wm. F. Alder, explorer and writer, who Is in this city preparatory to sailing for New Guinea.
Alder states that he is expecting
to write a book exposing the missionary system. As one example,
he cites the forcing of the natives
to wear clothes, to which they
have not been accustomed, and as
a consequence of i which they fall
prey to tuberculosis and pneumonia.
John Swlnton, an old N«w York
editor for the capitalist press, was
big enough to be frnnk and honest
about his own class. Tbis is what
he said:
"The business of tbe journalist is
to destroy the truth, lie outright,
to pervert, to villify, to fawn at the
feet of Mammon, and to sell hli
raco and country for his daily
bread. We are tools and vassals of
the rich men behind the scenes.
We are intellectual prostitutes."
Help the
advertisers.
Fed.  by helping our
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
LUMBER, SHINGLES, FUEL, FENCE POSTS
-HA U LIN G-
1090 MARINE DRIVE EAST Phone Fraser 11)7 L3
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade
considerable interest, but which
was left over until the next meeting, was one dealing with racetrack gambling. The resolutions
read, as follows:
"Whereas, the great amount of
money collected by the Horse Racing Assoc,ill ions operating In this
Province, which money is diverted
from the regular channels of business through the medium of gambling of a very doubtful character,
which is direct loss to the workers
of the Province, and the citizens
generally; and
Whereas, the amount of work
provided by the operations of
these racing associations, Is of a
negligible  quantity,  and
"Whereas, the lnrge number of
undesirable people who consistently follow their activities from
place to place ,are a detriment to
nny community; therefore be it
Resolved, that the executive of
the Trades and Labor Council be
instructed to take up the question
with the Provincial government,
with a view to ascertaining the
possibility of securing legislation
thaf will provide a tax on this
business to the extent that it will
make it unprofitable to conduct."
Delegate Pettipiece evidently did
not favor the motion, and ns at
the lust meeting, when a similar
resolution was presented, complained of the lateness of the hour
at which it was presented, and
evidently wished the matter shelved; but this was not accomplished before the Machinists organization and others had, through their
representatives, endorsed the resolution.
Central Heating Plant
Tho proposed centrnl heating
plant afforded the delegates another opportunity for debate. Delegate Smyllte bringing the matter
before the council. He pointed
out that there were two firms in
the field for the job, one an American firm, and the other a local
concern. He stated that It would
appear that the United States firm
would get the contract, with the
result that the supplies would be
brought from the United States,
and mechnnlcs Imported to do tho
work. Dealing with the ability of
the two firms seeking the Job, he
stated that the locnl firm was just
as capable as the outside -organization; that they had the money
nnd could secure all the competent
holp necessary in the district, and
thnt ln spite of the statement
which had been made to the effect
that the United Stntes firm had
put up a deposit of $10,000, the
local firm hnd agreed to put up
$100,000 if necessary.
Delegate Pettlplece stated that
there was no one In the hnll who
could Intelligently vo\e on the
question with the meagre information to hnnd, and suggested a special committee .to investignte the
situation before the council took
action.
Delegate Smyllle said he could
not agree with this stand, ns local
labor was as capable as ony to
the south of the line, and ns the
local firm had the money, the preference should be given to the
locnl   tenderer.
Jjocnl Finn Favored
Secretary Bengough stated that
he did not care who got the contract,- but what he was concerned
In, was as to who would get the
work on it. He stated in effect,
that he had received a promise
from the local firm that local organized labor would be employed
If that firm secured the contract,
and at the same time he pointed
out that those associated with the
local company had been fair to
organized labor, while the American concern had an unfavorable
record. He elso pointed out that
the American firm was issuing a
number of flotation shares, which
might have an effect while the local firm was not taking any such
steps.
The council eventually went on
record as favoring the local contractor. The executive to investigate for tho further 'information
of the council.
Tlie Milk Bylaw
Delegate Showier stated that
new milk bylaw was beforo the
city council, and asked the council
to go on record as favoring a provision wheroby no milk deliverer
should be on the streets before 6
a.m. He also asked that some
provision be made for the prevention of the misuse of mllir imiit-.
the unfair list .and to Investigate
Rose's bakery.
Technical School Tables
Tho question of boys attending I
the Technical school making tables
for the Kindergarten classes was
again brought before the council,
when a letter from Local 452, U.
B. of Carpenters and Joiners, was
read, which protested against the
attitude of the council at the last
meeting on this question.
Delegate Hardy pointed out that
the carpenters favored technical
education, but objected-to the selling of the product of thc boys ln
competition with the product of
adult labor, as the boys are not
paid for their work, but have to
pay a fee to attend the school. The
motion to reconsider the question
was carried and the matter was
finally tabled.
60c for Painters
Delegate McMillan, of the Painters Union, called the attention of
the council to the fact that painters were working ten hours a day
on the city police headquarters, and
were receiving only 60 cents per
hour, while the recognized wage
of painters was 75 cents per hour,
and an eight-hour day.
Delegate Pettipiece urged the
painters to have a meirtber of their
organization appear before the
police commissioners on Wednesday afternoon at the regular meeting of that body, but denied knowledge of any work being done by
the city at less than union rates of
wages.
Tom Moore Protests
A communication^ from Tom
Moore, protesting ngninst thc report of the council's delegate to
the   Trades   Congress   convention,
H63S about us. That is the building
where the Great Turkish National
Assembly Is meeting.
Not much of a building. A small,
one story, stone house, solidly and
comfortably built. Above it floats.
a red flag wliich cnn be seen from
all parts of the city. Built ten years
ago at the expense of the Union
and Progress committee, It was for
a long time the club house of that
party. Today, the Union and Progress Party exists no longer. But in
its old club house, the Turkoy of
today Js working indefatigably, forging the arms against western im
perlalism, and laying the foundation to a new political and social
order.
During a respite at the front the
Modjllls of Angora (the Turkish
parliament) has just passed a law
of decisive importance. It Is a
great event In the internal life of
the new Turkey. Up to now, the
president of the National Assembly, Mutnpha Kemal Pasha, presented to parliament his candidates
for the various people's commissaries. The Medjilis could only choose
amopg them. A bill was introduced to the effect that the ministerial
candidates should be named by a
commission composed of representatives from nil the parliamentary
committees. This was rejected as
being still too far from the ideal of
direct popular governmont. It was
finally decided that the people's
commissars should be chosen directly by and from the assembly,
without any prior appointment of
candidates.
Slowly, a Republic without a president is crystallizing in which parliament holds both the legislative
and the executive power.
This structuro necessarily requires tho formation of a homage.
known Its statutes. This new parliamentary majority, unified by
party discipline, renewed. Musta-
pha Kemal Pasha's commission as. _ _,
General-in-Chief with extraordl- j MlSfiry
nary powers for an Indefinite per-,
iod, until "Smyrna and Thrace Will!
again be free." And they safeguard j
apeparances so well that they met
no opposition,
Mustapha Kemal's tactics were
those of a real statesman. He carefully avoided any show of attachment to personal power, and in his
and the inference In the report that | *m m_li?.dty,-.!!n(^,ttler,eEor.6 °L&
the western delegntcs were not
given due consideration, and that
the executive officers had; opposed
Vancouver as the convention city
for 1923, wns received and filed,
after Delegate McMillan had stated
Jhat if the western delegates had
received consideration nt the last
convention, it was the first time
nee the convention wns last held
in Vancouver. He also stated that
the congress needed gingering up,
instead of the officers going round
addressing Canadian clubs and
other such organizations.
The executive in reporting nsked
that all local unions with grievances against Fair Wage Officer
Bulger should report them to the
executive of the council at an early
date.
A communication from the Calgary Trades Council protesting
(iirninnt the printing of text books
for western schools in the east, was
rend, and on recommendation of
the executive, wns concurred in.
Sports Committee Reports
The 'Labor Dny sports committee
reported that there wns a balnnce
of $161.62 after all expenses had
been paid. This report brought
forth much npplnuse. as it wns not
expected thit the committee wouid
cover expenses, The committee
was tendered* a hearty vote of
thnnks for the work accomplished,
and the success of the sports. The
balnnce will be placed to the credit
of the building fund.
The Label Committee reported on
the first dance of the season, and
stated lhat anothor dance would be
held on October 20, in tho Alexan
der Dancing pavilion, and every
third Friday in the succeeding
months.
Tho delegate to the town plnn
nlng committee reported thnt i
draft act was being framed in line
with the provisions mnde by the
other three western provinces. The
report was accepted as progress.
The delegates to the unemployment conference committee meeting reportod that reorganization
the topic of discussion nt the
last meeting, and urged all local
unions to take part in this work
After a strenuous session, the
council adjourned at a late hour,
with much business still to be attended tn, but the delegates loft
with the impression that the trades
union movement is getting into Hs
stride in the city of Vancouver, and
that much more can be accomplish
ed with the nid of tho unaffiliated
locals, if they will but realize the
necessity of their co-operation nnd
-filiation.
great party. The old slogan, "No
pnrty during the war of independence," Is being revised. A great,
party Is necessary, or at least some
powerful political organization, invested with an Incontestable moral
nuthority. This position is occupied for the time being by the
Group for the Defense of the Rights
of Anatolia and Eastern Roumelin,
This group, formed after the armistice, has carried on the tasks of
the flrst period of the war of Independence. All the leaders of the
Anatolian movement, all the members of the government, nnd nbout
one-third of tho members of the
National Assembly belong to it. It
maintains branches and committees
in every province. Tho new law
gave it the occasion to come out as
a political orgainzntlon.
Tho Group for the Defense of the
Rights of Anatolia and Eastern
Roumelin hnd named its candidates
for the various governmental posts.
With ono exception, they were all
elected by the National Assembly.
At the same time this group made
Marlon, 111.—Middle of Novem
ber will see thc first trials of union
miners on charges of murder, conspiracy to murder and rioting during the Herrin outbreak of June 21
und 22 in which 10 strikoTbrenkers
and company guards lost tlieir lives
after three union strikers'had been
fatally shot. Judge Dewltt T. Hart
well, who released twelve more de
fendants on ball furnished by 86
business men, announced the probable trial dnte.
of  Workers  Is
Gain for German
Capitalists
speech to the Assembly said: "I
will be doubly happy when Smyrna
and Thrace at last return to us;
for on that day I shall again return
to my modest post of deputy. And
there is nothing more beautiful
than the fate of the humble citizen
In a free country.   .   .   ."
From all these recent events we
may draw the following conclusions:
1. Even If the new Turkey ls far
from forming a perfect democracy,
the principle of popular government hns bcen strengthened anil
affects all governmental reforms.
2. Parties, which had been totally unknown during the flrst period of the war of Independence, are
entering Into politics. One of them
the largest, has been finally constituted. It ls but a beginning.
Slowly the formation of military,
bourgeois-Industrial, bourgeoise- intellectual, workers' and peasants'
parties wtll continue.
At the present time the commissions of the Assembly are studying
a project to grant self-administration to the small districts. This
project will Introduce the election
principles into the remotest corners of peasant-Turkey. Elected
councils will have charge of local
finances, police, etc. This law will
mark the flrst step In the way of
the great social reforms. It will
prove that Mustapha's saying "Our
peasant will be master ofthe earth"
is no vain word, but has the significance' of a political programme. If
such reforms aro possible in wartime, what may we not expect when
the now Turkey has at last gained
peace.
The Medjitis meets four or five
times a week. On the other days
the committees keep on working.
The government fs working feverishly to obtain peace from Europe,
to borrow from it a parcel of its
economic power and use it to stir
tho latent energies of the country,
but, at the same time, to escape
the economic domination of rapacious Europo and to maintain
its full national independence.
These are the aims of the New
Turkey. The future will show how
far, it will succeed. Peace and the
emancipation of the Near East de*
pend upon It.
(By the Federated Press)
Berlin—These are golden harvest days for certain types of conscienceless profiteers, who do not
Hesitate to proflt from the misery
brought about by the sudden drop
of the mnrk. The way they work
their scheme Is this: They travel
cheaply—for the new railway rates
will not go Into effect until Oct 1
—Into outlying districts of Germany, where the little Henry Dubb
tradesman does not keep up with
city prices, and buy up his stocks
of victuals or cloth stuffs at ridiculous prices. They return to the
big city with their wares, and sell
them to a middle man at profits
ranging from 100 to 1000 per cent.
Meanwhile the small dealer out
in the country orders a new supply to replace hts depleted stock.
Perchance he buys from the very
middle man who has just paid a
handsome proflt to the profiteer,
and who slaps his' own profit on to
what has already been added to
recompense the profiteer. Thus
the Henry Dubb country tradesman, likely as not, buys back the
same goods which he sold, but
with the difference that he must
pay, even at wholesale prices,
many times what he sold the goods
for In the flrst place.
Topeka, Kan.—Tho Union Labor
Defense League, formed to provide
funds through 25-cent membership fees for the purposo of getting a square deal ln the courts
for labor educational moving picture films, such as The Contrast, which was recently arbitrarily rejected by the Kansas censor
board, Is holding meetings
throughout Kansas. Its headquarters -are Labor Hall, 418 Kansas
Avenue.
Seattle—The Admiral line has
been fined $10,800 by the local collector of customs for the attempt
to smuggle in 54 Chinese recently
on one of the big vessels owned
by the government, but operated
by the Admiral line. Officers of
the ship swore that they did not
know of the presence of the Orientals on the two weeks' voyage across
the Pacific. Officials of the Admiral line were accused by customs
men of knowledge of the stow
aways.
Real Values
-nr-
Men's
Clothes
Good   looking,   serviceable clothes don't
cost as much as you ]
think.
Come in and let us show
you how well wc can fit
you out—and J!or how
little money.
Suits and
Overcoats
In nice cloths
styles—-
and good  f
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It docs not take much
effort to do this.   Try lt.
Always look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases.
$20 h> $35 j
Gabardine Coats
Yoke lined and full lined,
thoroughly proofed by the
eravenctto process—
$19.50_ $22.50
Odd Pants
$3.95 to $6
CD. Bruce
Limited
HOMER and HASTINOS
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance tnat tl_j_
readers of The Fcflerattonlst —i_
render ns at tills time, ts by seem;
Ing a new subscriber. By doing e>
yon fepread the news of tlio workjfl
•ng class movement and assist up
Patronlzo Fed Advertiser!.
I
Seattle.—The Seattle Labor College will open classes October 1
under the guidance oC Robert
Whltaker, Pacific Coast radical
clergyman, who Is filling the pulpit
of Sydney Strong, father of "Anise,"
while Strong ls in Australia.
Public Meeting
DOMINION HALL, NANAIMO
Sunday, Oct 15th
AT 7:30 P.M.
Speaker:   A. S. WELLS of Vancouver
Subject, "Thc Working-class Press and Unity in the
Working-class Movement."
EVERY READER CAN'KELP
Every reader of Tho Federatlonist cnn render vn limbic assistance by renewing their -gubscrlp-
tloiiH as soon as tbey are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It doos not take much
effort to do tbls.   Try It,
Minneapolis.—Thos. Van Lear,
former mayor of Minneapolis, in
an address at the biennial convention, International Union of
Steam and Operating Engineers,
here, told the delegates that the
workers must organize along Industrial lines, and urged the amalgamation of existing eraft organizations into divisions with "one
central head to direct Its affairs,"
"The employers are organized into
one big union on both the Industrial field and the political field,"
he said.
Montreal.—The Montreal Star
has signed a contract with the typographical union by which the
printers receive $2 a week Increaso
over the previous scale, but houra
remain as before—48 per week.
All Montreal papers with the exception of the Herald have signed
up. The latter is operating under
the open shoo
A Good Audience Listens
To Discourse on Science
and Religion
"The warfare of science wilh superstition nnd lhe prophets of religion," was the subject last Thursday night in the "W. P. hall, 303
Pender Street West, when a good-
sized audience was present to hear
Dr. W. J. Curry speak and discuss
this subject.
The speaker offered no excuses
for dealing with "Religion." If this
civilization can be saved from, the
fate of dead empires, which were
ruled by superstition and brute
force, then it will be by understanding this process of destruction,
and by assailing them, not by ignoring them.
"Wo nre a Christian nation," said
the speaker, "but the first book of
the Christian Guide of faith and
conduct tells how Jehovah cursed
man for disobedience, and for eating of the Tree of Knowledge. Tills
doctrine of the fall, the foundation
of the church, would alone make
our religion tho deadly enemy of
ti- ienco, which follows reason, and
experience, and not blind faith.
The Prophets of Religion
Upton Sinclair, the celebrated
author and* Socialist, has for 2
years been devoting his time and
talents in helping to free man from
the chains of mental slavery. On
Thursday the speaker read the fist
chapter of the book entitled "The
Boot Strap Lifters."
Sinclair had gone around investigating superstition, and had seen
in all lands hosts of men and women, trying to life themsolves by
pulling on their "boot straps."
The pickpockets or exploiters, rob |
the lifters, and their theological as-'
slstants come around to encourage
the process. While the dupes of
superstition were engaged ln lifting
themselves with their oyes fixed upwards to the sky, the pickpockets
relieved them of their substance,
while the other characters received
a goodly share of the plunder, and
earned It by keeping their spiritual
blinkers over the eyes of their
dupes, and pointing out the horrors
of Hell, and the Joys of Heaven,
which will be theirs when they die,
lf they but keep at their boot straps
and resist the devil of reason and
rebellion against that station of
life in which lt had pleased God to
place them. Many questions and
considerable discussion followed
the address. The speakch who
knows the church from an inside
experience, will next Thursday take
up the "Origin and Evolution of
Religion." (
He used the te.'m religion as
synonymous with superstition, the
enemy of science and human progress, but believes the tin. e will come
when it will stand for human liberty and truth.
HANDS ACROSS THE SEA
FROM
TO
Soviet Russia needs machinery— vast quantities of it.
The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractors, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Rus^a will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc.
American Workers! American Farmers!
YOU KNOW WHAT IT MEANS TO BE WITHOUT TOOLS
Help Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to do.
Today—-Help—-At Once
International Tool Drive for
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the-
Friends of Soviet Russia
201 WEST 13TH STB
NEW YORK OITY
Help Build Up the
World's Fint
Worken' Bepublic
Accept my conirlbntlun ot $ to help build up
Soviet Russia ot tho Workers ond Peasants.
Name	
Address ,
City 	
Stato .

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