BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Dec 27, 1918

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345352.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345352.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345352-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345352-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345352-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345352-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345352-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345352-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345352-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345352.ris

Full Text

Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDHBTBIAL UNITY- BTMH-MB   mtSS*- OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TRADKS AND LABOR COUN 71.. ANO B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB ^_*.   POLITIOAL UNITT:  7I0TOBT '
TENTH YEAR.   No. 52
EIGHT PAGES
B. C. Federation of Labor
Convention to Be Held
First Three Days
Balance of Week  to 4^
Given Over to the "i
Conference        \
Tho proposod Wostorn Lnbor (V'S
foronco is now taking definite shut \
Tho Calgary Trades and Lnbor Coune."
has sont tho following lotter to Socre***
tary Midgley:
V. Midgloy,
Labor Tomplo,
Vancouvor, B. C.
Door Sir and Brother:
At tho moeting of tho Calgary Trades
and Lnbor Council hold Friday, Dee.
20,1018, it was agroed to carry but onr
previous decision to tako part in tho
Western Inter-provincial Conference
called by Bros. Bees and Midgley. That
we quito recognized that on aeeount of
tho Provincinl Houso opening tho end
of January tho Alberta Federation of
Labor must bo held on dato arranged
at Medicine Hat. Tho following motion was passed, to which we would
like your consideration nnd reply at
tho earliest possiblo moment:
That this council write' tho Trados
and Labor Councils of tho western
provinces, and in view of tho fact that
tho British Columbia Fedoration of
Labor has decided by voto to hold ita
convention in Calgary in March, 1919,
Manitoba also having voted in favor
of tho conferonco boing hold hero, we
thereforo ask your fullest co-operation
in sen-lint; delegates to tho conforence
to be hold at tho closo of tho B. C. Federation of Labor Convention.
Tho fooling of thiB council was that
the result of conferonco should bo submitted to all unions in Canada for thoir
ondorsation through a referendum.
Tours f rutornnlly,
J. E. TOUNG,
Secretary.
Thc Calgary Trades Council also forwarded a copy of a letter sent to all
control bodiee in Alborta.
Last Saturdny, a meoting was held
botwoon D. Boos, chairman of tho wostorn eonferenoo committeo, and V. B.
Midgley, socretary, and tho exocutive
officers of tho B. C. Foderation of
Labor, resident in Vancouver, and it
was docided that if there wero no objection! raised, that tho conference
would be held in Calgary the aecond
week In March. Manitoba and Saskat-
- jhown-hate to* intimatod that
thoy will fall in line. .It Ts intended that tho convention of the B.
C. Federation of Labor will bo .held
the first throo days of tho week, and
tho balanco of tho week will bo givon
ovor to tho wostorn conforonco.
STEAM ENGINEERS
AND THE 8-HOUR DAY
Now  Members Were   Admitted   and
Much Business Done at
Last Meeting
Looal 6S0, Stoam and Operating En*
ginoors, mot in regular session on Mon*
day, December 23, and tho membership
was still furthor increased by tho receipt of six moro applications.
A communication was roccived from
tho Now Westminster membors, aug*
gostlng that a petition bo ciroulatod
and later presented to tho provincial
govornment asking for tho enactment
of an oight-hour day for ongineors.
This question was debated from all
angles. Tho quostion of whother this
action would conflict with tho demands
for a six-hour day was discussed as was
also tho promiso made by tho government to tho executive of B. C. Federation of Labor that a universal eight*
honr day would be enacted at tho first
session of tho legislature after tho war.
Tho futility of presenting potitions to
tho government was demonstrated, tho
matter boing finally dealt with by instructing tho secretary to writo tho
Fedoration exocutivo for advico as to
tho advisability cf circulating this petition.
Several membors who had recontly
boon discharged from tho army woro
ontorod on the books as fully paid up
membors, this courso boing necessitated
by tho fact of the local not having
uy previous knowledge ns to their
whereabouts. Had the local boon in
possession of this knowledge, thoso
mombors wodld not have boen suspended.
Tho Btrike at Coughlan's wob very
freely discussed and tho action of tho
Metal Trades Council in calling tho
striko waa unanimously endorsed, and
a mooting of enginecra affected is to
be held at which tho question of tonus
of sottlemont will bo discussod.
Aftor several routine matters had
boen disposed of and Brothers Bobort-
son, Charles and Ward oleetod dole-
gates to tho Metal Trados CouncU, the
mooting adjourned at tho appointed
hour, 10 p.m.
Boilermakers
President McEchoran of tho Boilor-
uiakorg has gono to his home in Port-
land' for the holidays. Tho election
and instalaltion of ollicers for tho coming term will bo held at the noxt
mooting, and nil memberB are urged
to attend.
Steady Growth of Opposition to Intervention in
New Democracy
Bussia now occupies tho centre of
tho atago in tho great world drama. In
spite of tho fuct that tho capitalist
press trios to attract tho attention to
tho faroo known as tho poaco conference, tho interest in tho Bolshoviki is
increasing aud resolutions nro being
pushod through by labor bodios all
over tho continont protesting ngainst
intorforonco with the Soviot administration. Tho rulers in tho allied countries are becoming alarmed and arc at
their witB end owing to tho porsistcnt
Kgimand on tho part of tlio publio for
Mb withdrawal of tho soldiors from Si-
Bsjo, Archangel and other portions of
^ ..Socialist republic. Something must
.tA.one, and tho great Lord Milnor,
'*%_. .prancing British pro-consul" of
U^u George's radical days, says, if
correctly roported in the Province of
tho 10th inst.:
"But in courso bf this Allied intervention, thousands of Bussians havo
taken up nrms and fought on the side
of the Allies. How ean we, simply bo-
cause our own immediate purposes have
been served, como away and leave
thom to tho tendor morcloa of their
aud our cnomics bofore thoy hnve timo
to arm, train and organize so as to bo
strong onough to defend themselves! It
would bo an abominable botrayel, con*
trary to every British instinct of honor
and humanity.
"Ton may be quito suro thot tho
last thing the govornment desires is to
loave any British soldiors in Bussia a
day longor than ia necessary to discharge the moral obligations wo havo
incurred, and that, I believe, is the
guiding principle of all tho AUios. Nor
do I mysolf think that the time when
wo can withdraw without disastrous
consequences is necessarily distant. But
thia is a caso iu which more hasto may
bo loss speed."
"Honor," "humanity" and "moral
obligations"—what is the fit gesturo
of a world weary of this song J
Tho fact of tho matter is that the
secret treaties exposed by thc SovictB
containod tho truth. Tho proposod
poaco proposals, tho reader will notico,
aro in exact accord with what waa
found by tho Bolshoviki in the archives
of Potrograd. It was stated in tho
treaties that Groat Britain had no
great intorest in tho Busaian market,
but that it was vital to tho capitalists
of tho Unitod Statos—and that is tho
roason that Uncle Sam ia preparing to
entor tho war against tho working
claBB on a largo aoalo. No other troops
in the world can bo rellod npon to
massacre the Bolsheviki, not ovon the
soldiers of Japan. Tho American Labor
lUBvemotit Ib the ghastly, joko of tho
revolution. Could the American work-.
ing man soo himsolf as others seo him
ho would realizo how inferior ho is to
tho rost of tho workors of the world,
both in class consciousness and in a
knowlcdgo of tho international naturo
of working class probloms. With tho
Stars and Stripes in his hand, and tho
capitalist psychology in his head, he
aota tho part of tho patriotic clown in
tho international political circus. B
oven from God's oountry a voice io
hoard horo and thoro pointing out the
reasons for the Bussian campaign. A
Now Tork despatch in last Saturday's
Provinco saya:
A .financiers' Wat
"Intervention in tho internal affairs
of BuBaia would bo primarily for tho
purposo of safeguarding tho funds of
invostors in Bussian securities. Tho
Unitod Statos has consistently refuBod
to permit European financiers to collect dobts by warships in South Amor-
icn. If a rovcrsal of this policy wcro
mado in tho caso of Bussia, it is highly probable tho Bussians would bo driven into an cvontual alliance with Gor*
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MQRNING, DECEMBER 27,    1918     ^/
THE REWARD OF THE FAITHFUL
(VtToSSr)       $1.50 PER YEAR
SKIS 01 AI
Yi
many.
"Certain chancellories of Europo
havo mado blunder after blunder in
thoir dealings with Russia. Tho most
absurd of theso misjudginents wns tho
conviction thoy expressed last Bpring
that tho only way to win the war was
for America to aend a vast body of
troops into Russia and fight Germany
on the oost front.
"Russia cannot be conquered. At
great coat tho AIHcb and America
might bring about tbe overthrow of
Lenino nnd Trotsky, but Russia, instead of being crushel, would be filled
(Continued on pnge 7)
Piledrivers
The olection of officers for the Pile-
drivers' Union will take place at the
regular moeting of this organization
tonight. Business is very quiot, and
several members arc out of employment, but prospects for relief in this
respect arc fairly bright.
Plumbera
The Plumbers and Bteamfittcrs will
elect their officers for tho coming year
at tke regular meeting of tho local tonight (Friday the 27th). All members
aro urgod to attend.
MASS
MEETING
under the auspices of
The Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council
will be held on
Sunday
Afternoon
at 3 o'clock
in the
EMPRESS THEATRE
Subject: Censorship
regulations and other
matters of vital importance to Labor.
Speakers: A. S. Wells,
W. A. Pritchard and E.
T. Kingsley.
Anderson Returns and All
Men to Resume Work as
Soon as Possible
Tho striko at Coughlan's ia settled.
Last night at a mooting of tho Motal
Trades Council tho executivo recommended thnt work be resumed on Monday, on tho basis of tho agreement
reachod oarly in the day with tho firm..
Tho recommendation wns adopted.
Anderson, the man discharged, and
over whoso dismissal tho strike was
commenced, will bo reinstated m tho
yard, but. not in tho snmo department.
It is, howover, understood that ho will
not lose in the way of a reduction of
pay, or in position, and that ho will not
in anyway bo discriminated against.
The mon will bo put back to work as
soon as possiblo, but owing to tho disorganization of tho yard, and tho
launching of the ship last weok, it may
be a couplo of days beforo all hands
are back tb work. The foremen, however, are to sea that all men aro to bo
on as soon as possiblo.
Millwrights and Coopers
The Millwrights and Coopers will
hold a mooting in tho Labor Templo
tonight. Tho Coopers aro intending to
continuo their organizing efforts and
oxpoct to havo a hundred per oent. organization in thc near future.
AN APOLOGY
We mast apologise for being a
little late this week, bnt even
printers, and other people that
arc engaged in the production ot
newspapers, need holidays at this
season of the year. We are expecting to give better service
than evor ln the near future, and
with a Uttle help from our readers we will do it. The way to
assist us is by patronising our
advertisers.
LABOR';
W. A. PI
AL
B. C. Federation of Labor
and Vancouver Trades
Council Act
Tho following is a oopy of a telegram
sent jointly by tho B. O. Foderation of
Labor and the Vancouver Trades Coun*
oil to Hr. Arthur Henderson, leader of
the British Labor Party:
"Arthur Honderso^M. %Lr^
House of Commons,
. London, England.
"Labor in this province is opposed
to tho intervention of the Allies in
Russia. Considers working class in any
eountry should be left unhampered in
its efforts to establish industrial democracy. We aro opposed to any form
of compulsory military Bervice. Desire
our position be understood by delegates
International Labor Conforonco. Reply.
"A. 8. "WELLS,
"Becrotary B. C. Federation of Labor.
"V. E. MIDGLEY,
'Secretary    Vancouver   Trades    and
Labor Council.''
Copies of this cablegram have been
forwarded to all central bodios of tho
Dominion for endorsation.
Last Sunday's Meeting at
the Royal Was a
Record
W. A. Pritchard lectured on Sunday
evening for the Socialist Party of
Canada, at tho Royal Theatre. Unfortunately many hud to he turned
away bocause of lack of accommodation.
Dealing with the Socinl' revolution
in Russia and its progress in Germany, he showed how many of its
featuroa were a counterpart of those
which marked the French Revolution
of 1789, and what he called thn
comedy of history was never so evident as at the present day.
The bourgeoisie class in its young
and vigorous revolutionary days enlisted a Napoleon the Great into ita
servico ln 1789, whilo in Russia, in
1917, a Korniloff appears to re-enter
its bankruptcy und decadence. To
stem the tide of the advancing revolutionary Proletariat they rely on
a brokon reed, the National Socialists,
the Milyukoffs and Kerenskys in llus-
sta and the Sche id e man-Ebert-Haase
combination in Germany, who would
solve the capitalist problem with
parliamentary debating clubs and tho
co-operation of classes. "All power to
the Constitutional Assembly," they
cry, but the proletarian battle-cry of
"All power to the workmen and soldiers' councils," grows In volume. Industrial democracy from the bottom
up, the burden of its theme.
The speaker scored the press and
tho news collecting agencies. He
said we had need to read between
the lines and cultivate long memories
in order to arrive at a measure of
truth. Yesterday lt was Hlndenburg
the "Hun," symbolic of hated Prussianism. Today it Is Field Marshal
Hlndenburg, advising that the revolting proletariat be blasted out of
existence ln the name ot good order
and who Is reported assembling counter-revolutionary forces. The hatred
formerly expressed was only' the
hatred for a competitor.
History shows every decadent ruling class doing the wrong thing at
the right time. The stifling of inquiry and publlo discussion and of
free thought has ever been one of
theh* chief methods for retaining a
power which they felt slipping from
their grasp. And history is Just as
full of its failures.
But from that, the bourgeoise win
draw no lesson. Being bourgeolae
they can not Bee beyond the bour-
geolso horizon. True, it took a revo- i
lution to throw down tho feudal systom, but from that time on, they con-1
ceive, social development, through
revolutionary changes, is finished,
This view of theirs has its spring in
their    class    interests,     which   are
J.
AT
,Y
Great Interest  Shown  in
Socialist Party Sunday
Meetings
A house packed to the roof listened
to W, A. Prltchard at the Royal
Theatre last Sunday, and followed
with great interest his analysis of the
stirring events following tho signing
of the armistice.
The object of the Socialist Party of
Canada is the dissemination of the
philosophy of,Socialism amongst the!
members of tho working class. The
problems confronting society today
can only be solved by an Intelligent
class conscious proletariat. In the
words of Leon Trotsky wo feel ourselves to, be the only creative force
of the future, already there are many
of us, more than it may seem, tomorrow there will be more of ua than
today, and the day after tomorrow
millions wtll rise up under our ban*
ner,' millions who even now 68 years
after the communist manifesto have
nothing to lose but their chains.
Next Sunday J. Kavanagh will he
the spe^ker.^
Doors open 7:30, meeting called to
order 8 p.m. sharp, the usual custom
will be followed at the conclusion of
the speaker's address, tho meeting
will be thrown open for questions.
Hundreds were turned away last Sunday. An early attendance Is necessary
to secure a seat.
Copy of Resolution Sent to
the Government at
Ottawa
Tho following resolution on the question of consorship, waa passed at tho.
last regular mooting of the Cumberland
local of tho Unitod Mine 'Workers:
'Wo oro doily boing told by the
politicians, and tho capitalist pross,
that wo are a freo peoplo, that we have
equal opportunities and privileges, but
wo aa workora who have read and
studied history understand that suoh
a thing as froedom has novor existed
for tho workers since tho time when
ilrst a slavo wos created. It is true
that as timo haB elapsed our conditions
havo Bomowhot changed, having passed
through tho periods of chattel slavery
and feudalism into capitalism, and all
through these periods tho workors have
always boen subject to thoir masters.
Thoy have beon continually struggling
with thoir masters for little after little
until Borne of tho workors really believo that thoy aro a froe pooplo. Thoy
have struggled for thoir franchise, thoy
havo struggled for freo speech and a
freo pross, and until the commencement of tho war in 1914 some people
thought we had gained freedom of
spocch and freodom of press, but thc
war had only been in progress a short
time beforo wo woro shown that froedom of speech waB a thing of the past,
ovon supposing it evor had really existed, and aB the war progressed tho
freedom of the ptess followed tho
courso of froodom of spooch, until a
groat numbor of papors and pamphlets
that contained working clasa philosophy and principles wore forbidden to
be published or not allowed to enter
into tho different countrioB, Wo wore
told that it was detrimental to tho winning of the war. Tho wur is now over
and won and the world has been made
safo for domocracy, and as wo understand the word democrncy we have an
idea that it is something akin to freedom. Wo aro thoroforo compelled to
pass the following resolution;
"Whorons, by an order-in-council
'ban haB boen placed on all litoraturo
issued by Charles H. Korr Publishing
Company of Chicago, IJ. 8. A., and
whereas wo considor that access to the
books issued by Charles H. Eerr & Co.
is absolutely necessary to the wolfaro
of tho working class; and whereas tho
Kerr Company is our main source of
tho classics of working claas philosophy, thoroforo bo it resolved that this
Local 2299, U. II. W. of A., doMand
tho raising of the ban on Korr books.
And wheras by order-in-council a ban
has boen placed on tho Wostorn Clarion, Banseme's pamphlet on tho Bus*
sian situation, and other literature, to*
gothor with 280 pamphlote entitled
'Shall Mooney Hang,' which are held
up at tho local customs offlce, tlwofore
bo it resolved thot wo rigorously pro-
tost against this autocratic dictatorship of what wc shnll and shnll not
road. Moved and earriod unanimously
that a copy of tho resolution wo sont
to Ottnwa and ono to tho B. C. Fedora*
"SEEM TRUTH"
Tl
Threaten to Btrike
The Stratford Ontario trados unionists aro threatening to strike as a protest against tho imprisonment of one of
thoir number for having a copy of
tho Canadian Forward in his pos*
session.
wrapped   up   in   the   present  Bystem
of production for profit.
Lobor power is the basis 'if division between the bourgeoisie and the
proletariat. Those who sell labor
power and those who buy It, occupy
fundamentally different social positions. Those who sell labor power
perform the useful work of society.
Those who buy it, do so in order to
exploit the labor of othors. There
might be many hybrids In society,
part capitalist and in part functioning in production, just as we have
hybrids in tho natural world, but the
great division exists just the same,
The hybrids do not justify capitalism,
which must mako way for a society
of production for use instead of for
profit.
. E. G.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Dec. 29— Typographical Union.
MONDAY, Dec. 30—Barbery
Amalgamated Carpenters, Boilermakers, Steam Engineers,
Electrical Workers.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 1—Dominion
Express Employees, Tile Layers, Metal Trades Council,
. Laundry Workers, Boilermakers' Examining Board.
THURSDAY, Jan. 2—Trades and
Labor Council, Foundry Work
ers, Garment Workors, Painters, Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary.
FHIDAY, Jan. 3—Hotel and
Restaurant Employees 2.30
p.m., Railway Carmen, Pile
Drivers and Wooden Bridge-
men, Molders, Civic Employees,
Boil'-rmakers' Exocutive, City
Hall Employees, Warehousemen,  Minimum Wage League,
SATURDAY, Jan. 4—Machinists
No. 777, Blacksmiths.
Sociological Tendency to Be
Noted in Modern
Literature
Mr, E. G. Cox, associate professor
of English at tho University of Washington, will dolivor tho address at tho
Hex Theatre on Sunday ovoning noxt
undor iho auspices of thu Fodoratod
Lubor Party. His subject is "The
Down and Ont in Litoraturo of Today." Mr. Cox comes to us a stranger,
but has been intensely interested in the
work which tho party ia carrying on
and believes he has a message that will
intorest the big gathering on Sunday
Mr. R. P. Pettipiece will occupy the
chair.
At tho Broadway Theatre Mr.
Woodsworth will continue and has been
requested to tnke as his subject
"Christianity and the Lnhor Move
ment." Dr. W. J. Curry will take thi
chair at the South End meeting. Organ
recital at both meetings at 7.30 with
Mr. Hnywood at tho Broadway nnd
Mr. Watson nt the Rex.
School children's troat takes place at
thc Granville Hnll on Friday evening
whon a number of the adult members
of tho party nre due to assist in tho
festivities.
An appeal was made last Sunday
evening to tbe membership for thoso
who woro ablo to sing to sond in their
names and addresses to tho secretary
so that arrangements can be made for
the early formation of a choir.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Local 28, Hotel and Restaurant Employees, held its election Wednesday,
Decembor 18. Keen intorest was taken
in tho election. Thc office of president returned by acclamation to Harry Wood;
office of business agent, contested hy
four members, William MacKeime
rotnining tho portion by a very largi
majority. The installation of officers
will take place on Friday, Docombor 3,
The local is holding a dance in the
Auditorium on Tuesday (New Year's
eve), and a large turnout is expected.
All the members of thc local are working at tho present time nnd indications
point to the possibility of bettor conditions during the coming year.
The attention of organized labor is
drawn to the following unfair houses:
Mclntyre's Cnfo, Leonard's Cafe, Post
Office Cafe and McLeod's Cafe.
All members of the Local who havo
not straightened thoir dues and assess-
icnta are requested to ilo so beforo the
end of the year.
Local 28 extends tho compliments of
the season and thanks all organizod
lnbor for tho support given in tho past.
tionist and tho United Mine Workers'
Journal nnd all other labor and Socialist papers,"
Signed on behalf of
Locat Union 221)0:
Resolution Committee:
JOS. NAYLOR,
WM. BRAEB,
'     COLIN CAMPBELL
Lestor Shows Up Ruling
Class Inconsistency
After War
Donations to the Slbble Funeral Fund
Any donations to this fund will be
acknowledged iu these columns. All
donations should be sont to Tho B, C.
Federationist:
J. G. Morgan $5.00
H.   Allman  L00
A. S. Wells  „ 2.00
Dr. W. J. Curry  6.00
Dr. Sanford  2.00
T. B. Miles  2.00
R. E. Anwyl  3.00
A Revolutionary Bnppor ....
I.fin
General Teamsters and Chauffeurs
All members are reminded thnt the
sick benefit fund stnriH on January '•
All members wanting benefits should
join up nt once. The next regular
meeting will be held on Wednesday.
January -H, when delegates to tho B. C.
Fedoration of Lnbor will be elected
and other important business will come
up. All ice wagon drivers should attend, us the new scale has tu be drawn
up.
Notice
The next meeting of the
Civic Employees
Local Union No, 28
will be held on
Friday
January 3, 1919
Officers for the year
will be elected at this
meeting. All members
are requested to attend.
G. McFARLANE.
Main Object Now Was to
Strangle, Not Assist,
Democracy
With Vicoprosidout Showier in tha
oha-r, the Labor Party conducted a™
other bumpur mooting ut tho Bo»
Theatre on .Sunday ovoning last, hun-
drods as usual boing unable to gain nd-
mittunce. Those woro directed tu ths
Broadway mooting whero Mr. Woods-
worth was spoaking on tho subject of
"A Pooplo'» Poaco."
On beginning his address^ Mr, C.
Lostor drew attontion to tho fact that
no specific subjoct had been-provided
tor hun, but that so interesting froia
tho workers' point of viow was tho ia-
ternatlonal situation that no speaker
from that platform could experience
much difficulty of lack of, material for
discussion. *
If a toxt woro neoded ho woulS adopt
ono, "Book yo tho truth and tho trutk
shall mako you free.'' What with eon.
Borship and numerous "bans" the
truth today was very difficult to discover if sought for in tho ordinary
news channols. Lloyd George had said
in 1»15 that thoy "had no conception
of the liborties coming to th© working
class as the result of the world war."
But if Mr. Georgo were really intorest-
od in thiB latter phase why did ho not
help along the attainment of those lib-
ortiea now that the war was over in-
stood of hindering in evory possible
way. It was the same old story from
tho politician—words, words, words.
After four yoars of war tho workers
must prepare to fight for everything #
which thoy had hoped to obtain, and
tho orator was found lining up with
crusted old Tories and indeed any class
to prevont the progroBs of the workers
towards promised freedom. Lloyd
Georgo had long been hailed as Bri-
tain's first democrat, bnt perhaps his
greatest achievement had beon the provision of five shillings per week to old
people to stay ont of tho workhouse
when it had cost tho state nine shillings to koop them in; and he has beea
ablo to demonstrate how he had saved
Britain millions.
The Peace Fiopomls
One thing worth noting in regard to
the poace proposals being discussed
was tho closo relationship between the
various sehemes so far mentioned and
the diselosures made, in regard to the
socret treaties between warring., nations. Thore was a family relationship
botwoon tho proposals of tho powers
as laid bare by thu Lenino government
and those now seeking approval as
possiblo "settlements."
Thoro was shortly to bo un extension
of tho liberties of the workers in Canada. They were going to havo tho liberty to seek fsr jobs whero thoy did
not erist. Tho " democratic " government of Canada wus preparing to toko
care of thc situation and in order that
the iiborty of tho workors might be
properly assured, they had decided to
increnBC the Northwest Mounted Police by some 2*100 and sond them west
to prevent the spread of "Bolshev;
ism."    (Prolonged laughter.)
"righting for Democracy" (.*?)
Consistency una never tlio strong
forto of tho ruling cIobs, but prosont-
day examples were glaring enough to
givo moro thnn the workers pause. The
attempt of the Allies to destroy democracy in Russia wus being empha**
sized by what was happcuing in formally. There the Liebknecht or "Spar-
Incus" croup wns seeking to establish
11 proletarian il otiilorjlioji and were being opposed by Hie reactionary
*r Socialists" of Hie Eberte
these people who hud Bhallon lho
hand nf Ihe lialsi r in friond-
Notwllhstand Ihe fact that tho
hud looked upon Liebknecht as
the only Oood Gorman during the war,
Ihey were new supporting Ihe friends
of tho Knisor lo prevent tie l.iet>-
kneeht people from obtaining control
in Germnny. It even yet remains a
possibility lhat the Unitod States
troops will nssist in noshing the German rebellion uud in restoring th?
kaiser's own pnrty to power.
Iu Russia bolh Allied nnd Germau**
troops are busy allocking Ihe Russian*
republican govornment nnd any old'
pretax! is gsod onough to try and justify the new friendship between tho*
Gorman and Allied forces in the en-*
denvor to crush democracy. The factf
is that thc old capitalist world may be
expected to be united ngninst the workers in Russia or anywhere olse when *
labor lifts its hands to protect itself
or to work out its salvation iu the
only way left to it. Notwithstanding
all the ilimflum and lying tho old regime everywhere was in a blue fnnfc
und the speaker believed that tho
workers in this generation would clash '
iheir enemies.
Tho mass of the workers in tho past
lind divided tlieir time between tho
Tory alligator and the Liberal 'crocodile and the soldier was expecting to.
get something from thom both that tho
workor had failed to get, and they too
would be disappointed for all that
these people knew wus how tn rule and
rob the producer.
The capitalist system was played ont
and possessed no power to benefit tho
workers. Only the working class* cnn
create thc new social order. It must
bo an order of socioty in which* ther
wosldl be free to develop the highest,
noblest nnd best that was in them. Ono
of the saddest things at presont was
that no matter what ideas wero current
among tho workers they would die socially murdered uiiIcsb they hnd the
power to develop that could' only come
by possession of the reins of government. Tho fight today wns not a flght
for higher wages, but for an absolute
change in the system nf production.
•Km
ship! •'
Allii PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...
MR. CIGAR SMOKER !
—REMEMBER THAT—
UNION BLUE LABEL. CIGARS
—ABE   MADE    CINDER—
Sanitary Conditions and First-Class Workmanship
■■■ „i*  „-v—   ■*~.'>--?^^^itPI.«ic('C;'X7~X~~>v_A-~Xi*,!Aii*\atj%
-.sued DyAulhoittyol the Cieai M_k'**s' Interi-ation-l Union of America
Union-made Cigajs. I «.«.
■X- .  i'-Sk Ihl* Knltto. IMIh,c«»sc*«i™«.niii*il».mi*<m*«»i./.flSC!!SStetal BI
:/,*.-i\!l    llttltKBCniii,*,■,■;,.<*!**■;Ni;DMi.o*iLUN;ONrt*M**ft, ,**orijn.i-i.wc-.-.Lle.iolh-iari. F/ll
: / KTrnt*),]     vj*l»*lijnl of tne M3RAi_l*:i--,y,-.l.HI*l.i:i JA. ftllMUL Of fl*i OlAjf     •**•••(«-,-HMro
\il\'\--t.%-^J-t . l**eC|«"'oi»s«*<'*'f*'C«MuiW(w-.*l
', V*    U^'£-J Wllnlnn*B*a*iii«*MihiU,Miwifbsp.,*J*i .ccwth^laliw
LOOK FOB THIS BLUE LABEL ON THE BOX
Cigarmakers Lockout and Strike
REMEMBER — Tuckett's "Club Special," "Marguerite,"
"Preferred," also "La Preferencia," "Carabana," "Ovido"
and other Cigars.
OO NOT BEAR OUR BLUE UNION LABEL
Cigarmakers Joint Advisory Board
-WE EXTEND THE- ■
Compliments of the
Season to All
WITH PEACE AND PROSPERITY FOR THE
COMING YEAR
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE YOUR DOLLARS
iARNOLD&QUIGLE^
"STie Store thats always busy"
546GranvilleSI 546.
OUR  NO
I EXTRA RENT
UPSTAIRS CLOTHES SHOP
CIGARMAKERS ARE STILL
ON STRIKE IN EAST
f .	
Old Policy of Fiim Is Dropped Wben
Change Is Made in
Management
The  cignrmakers  employed  by  thc
Tuckett Cigar Co., Ltd., A. Wilaon &
Co., T. Blumcnatil & Co., A. H. Bromor,
aU Eastern firms comprising the largCBt
factories in what is known as the Cigar
Manufacturers Protective^ Association,
wero locked out last summer.    These
jobs have beon filled to some extent by
girls.   Tuckotts havu throe factories, locatod in Hamilton, Ont., London, Ont.
and Montreal, Quo,
In Montreal, tho homo of Canadian
cheap cigar labor, thoy havo about 20
, girls working thero, prior to tho lockout, 140 union cigar makers wero employed, i
Loudon, Ont, where thoy formerly
had 120 men, they succeeded in getting
20 girls. Hamilton, Ont., not ono solitary porson has takon a -.l/iion inan's
job.
Thc Tuckott Cigar Co. is tbo soul of
tho Cigar Manufacturers Proteetieo Association, and it was at their plant that
the lockout occurred.
Oeo. Tuckett, Sr., established tho
concern bearing his name ,and until the
timo of tho aforesaid lockout, was
unionized from cellar to garrot.
Ho commenced the manufacture of
cigars with a force of six men, thirty
years, ago, and till his doath in lf)02,
increased this from six mon to approximately 400. An impromptu speech, delivered by him on tho occasion of his
last birthdny, ho said in part: "Whon
the first Cigar Makers Union in Canada
was organised, I had tho honor to bo
its first secretary. It has always been
my policy to operate strictly on the
closed shop basis. Oood workmon aro
in variably to bo found in tho ranks of
the union, good workmanship has been
no mean factor in building of our cigar
business, with first-class workmanship
you havo an edge on tho othor fellow.
I have reached a ripo old ugc, and havo
dono a little serious thinking tho last
fow yi-iirs. What a chaotic social system wo are living under. Somo havo
abundanco, some live in hunger and
want, old and poverty stricken.
"Oh, age and want, thoa well-matched
pair,
What is the sSlution of all the miservf
Education,   study,   build   your   homo
around a few books,
To mako a happy fireside clime,
For weans and wife,
That's tho truo pathos and sublime,
Of human life."
Tho foundation of all lovo songs, tho
ideal of social reformers, enough religion for any man and tho very essence
of roal patriotism, nro containod in
thoso lines. Lot us mako tho effort,
and havo a moro thorough realization
of a true homo as depicted by tho democratic poet, Burns.."
Following tho some old policy as his
lato father, Goo. Tuckett, Jr., piloted
tho corporation till his death somo six
years ago.
Entered the scono one Mr. Ambrose,
a disciple of Sir John Willison of reconstruction fame, "increased productivity and amplo profits."    Mr. Ambrose, as general manager and prosidont nf the company, procoodod to do
somo reconstruction, by locking out tho
cigar makors, and instituting a cum-
pign for ehoap child labor.   Tho Cigar
Makers Joint Advisory Board deemed
it an appropriate time to acquaint the
smoking public of tho tactics pursued
by this industrial knisor, nnd ask all
union mon when purchasing cigars to
demand the union bluo label.   Tho Pn-
cifie Coast, both sides of tho boundary
lino, is thoroughly unionized, and cigars
manufactured aro of tho best quality,
and boar tho union labol.    Tlio union
label organizes the purchasing power
upon lines of fair conditions of labor,
as  against  thoso  conditions  that  destroy tho health and morality of tho
producer* and endanger the well-being
of tho purchasor.
At the outbreak of the world's war,
a good many cigar makers in Tucketts'
employ hoard thoir country's call, to
mnko "the world snfo for domocracy."
What will thoy think when thoy got
hornet
"Refuse to Arbitrate"
Newark, N. J.—Tho familiar "noth-
ing-lo-arbitrate " attitude wus assumed
by the Employers Association at a hear-
iug conducted by tho national War Labor Board in tho case of the machinists and their.omployers who have been
cngagud in government work. Tho employers informed the government's representative that thoy would not submit to arbitration. Tbe machinists havu
agreed to abide by any decision tho
Wnr Labor Board may make.
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
OrKTiii'n Not-a-Seed, it 166
Kot-t-Sced Rtlitni 2 Ibl. 35c
Locnna Bended Ralsini, lS-oa pkt.
for  - *-*- 15o
(.leaned Currant-), lb. ..._..- SOe
Shelled Almonda, lb - 70c
Bhelled Walnuts, lb. .700
Lemon and Orange Peel, lb 40o
Mince Meat, 3 lbs. for - 35c
Hotel Nuts,   lb SOe
Walnut*,  lb 80c
Almond* 2 Ibl. for 86c
Malkln'i  Toa  86o
dlfth-r'* Rod Label Tea 45«
Sl*tr-r'« Itnd Labol Coffee lOo
Bunllitlit Soap 4 for 25c
Roynl Crown Soap 6 for 26c
11. C. Catsup ...*.	
Sliced   Hnrim,   lb	
Sliced Bacon, Ib	
Ayriblro Bacon, lb	
Sliced Roll Bacon,   lb.
...26c
...45c
...600
...600
...400
EOOSI  EOOSI   EOOSI
Alberta Storage Eggs, doi...60c
Alberta Fresh Eggi, doi 66c
Cotnponnd  Lard  2 Ibl. 66c
Boof Dripping  1 lb. 30c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Small Pieces Bacon. 2 to 3 lh*.
Rogular  41   l-2c.    Saturday
only   38 1-flO
BIO SPECIAL
Picnic Ham*. Rogular 31 l-3c.
Saturday only 28 i-2c
ANOTHER BIO SPECIAL
llntk   Bacon.     Reg.   46   l-2c.
Saturday inly, lb 42 l-2e
Alborta  Spoclal  Butter, Ib 66c
Alberta Special Butter 3 lbs. 11.00
Alberta  Creuinery lintti-r, lb 60c
Hardlnoa 3  for   26c
Olark'K Pork and Hoann..3 for 26c
Aunt   Dinah'* Molnnsns,  5-lb. tins
for  - 66c
EXTRA   SPECIAL
Slater's Pninous Cottage Rolls,
:i to 5 lb*, each.    Saturday
only     38   1-2-0
3--BIG STORES--3
123 Hastings Street East
830 Granville Street
3260 Main Street
Phone Sey. 3262
Phone Sey. 866
Phone Fair. 1683
Internationalism  Is  Again
the Subject of Gross   .
Misrepresentation
An inspired writer informs us that
tho victory of the Allies was a sure
proof that, right must always win
ngainst force. And this in face of thc
i'net that it was just tho extra force
the Americans woro able to throw in
that turned tho scale in our favor.
At oue of the thanksgiving services
in a city church, a reporter tolls us,
tho preacher warned his hearers to
havo nothing to do with internationalism, us it was an attack on tho family
and ou religion.
Thc dictionary saya internationalism
means "International character, principles, interests or sentiments." Then
is it right, ie it jusfcj to put anothor
meaning on it and condemn it for that!
Internationalism does not mean
agreement existing botweon nations to
do uway with the family, for in that
case there would ,be no nations either.
An internationalist may bo unmarried,
or he may havo a small family, or he
may livo in "prolific squalor" with a
family of twenty, moro or loss, like
thoy have in Quebec,, but in any caso
that is his personal affair, and has
nothing to do with internationalism.
Instead o? being ngninst religion internationalism seems to bc tho leaven
of Christ's teaching working out in
practice.
Christ commanded that wo should
lovo our neighbors as ourselves, not
bayonet them because they livo on tho
other sido of an imaginary lino.
If a new idea cannot bo mot fairly
for what it is, but has to havo a cloud
of gas thrown against it, wo may be
.sure that idoa is gaining ground.
But whon wo find thc idea of
"Peaco on Earth" combattod by
church mon wo wonder if wo aro
awake, or in a weird drenm.
Tho preacher said internationalism
would do away with boundaries, those
boundaries within which wo practised
tho Christian patriotism which made
this gray world brighter. It has been
brighter, very much brighter, quite
lurid -in jfact, theso last four years, but
most people would rathor havo their
lives gray than bloody.
Internationalism noed not oven do
away with boundaries, any more than
friendship between two individuals
would break down thoir gardon
fence—but it might teach thom to
clasp hands across, instead of firing
rocks over. It is very curious that the
rulers of all lands can mako common
causo against thc people, as they arc
doing now, and capitalists of all countries may unito against tho workers
with tho churches' blessing, but let
the workers follow their exnmple and
unite in a common causo, ovon tho
cause of peace, and at onco all sorts of
irrelevant issuos aro raised, and everything is douo to confuse and coorco the
people, and to stampede thom down
any rocky trail, whilo tho highway iB
barricaded against thom.  -
•The Socialists were overlooked this
timo, though they havo had moro than
their sharo of misrepresentation of
that sort. An article in tho Now Eo-
view of Pobruary, 1914;yBuys: "Lot
a man belong to tho most conservative
church'in Christendom, yet ho will bo
stigmatized as infidel or atheist if he
ventures to display his colors as Socialist. Peoplo will ask his friends
whether he bolievos in froe lovo, and
he will be characterized as an enemy
of civilization, and a subverter of the
soeial ordor.
H. 0. Wella tells us ho road "with
heat and indignation a comical attempt
mado by tho Daily Express to suggest
that he, with Koir Hardy and his party,
was mysteriously involved in an attempt to teach free lovo to rospectablo
working men, and Mr. Wolls folund
himsolf asking how it camo about that
any ono could bring togothor such dis-
crepont things as tho orderly proposals
of Socialism as thoy shaped thomsolves
in the projects of Kior Hardy, and the
doctrine of soxual go-as-you-please."
Ho need not have askod that question.
Wero not the purest and most pious
women in the suffrago movemont in
England called prostitutes, meroly in
an effort to crush the movement and
frighten othor good women away from
it; and that sort of thing is nothing
new. Did not Christ warn his disci-
plos that men would rovilo thom and
persocuto thera and say all manner of
ovil about them falsely! Falsely, that
is tho point. Pioneers must oxpect to
bo reviled nnd persecuted till peoplo
get used to their -ideas and they can
benr that knowing thnt the ideas for
which they aro stonod today will bo
tho crocd of tomorrow. The hard thing
to bear is tho misrepresentation. Tht;
poor woman who dies for the right iB
called a prostitute. The conscientious
objector who ondures a lingering martyrdom is looked on as a common
coward. The internationalist who
would call all men brothers who
called an enemy of tho family and of
religion. The Socialist who would givo
us service and sacrifice, instead of sol-
UshnesB and exploitation, -is called an
enemy of civilization and a subverter
of the. sociul order. They must surely
have it real faith to sustain them.
Most peoplo aro afraid to look at a
new idea till they have protected thoir
cyoB with spectacles, and as thoy havo
palntod a bogey on tho spectacles, thoy
ti iver seo the iden nt ill, lrat only tho
bogey of thoir own imagination, from
which may Heaven (or Evolution) do-
fond us.
...December 27, 1918
What Bolshevism Really Is
By P. SPENCER BALDWIN, In New York Tribune
In  goneral  Bolshevism is simply atfor thoir pro-eminence in tho different
New York Wago Gains
New York—The national War Labor
Board hns ordered theso wago increases
for printing industry unions: Job Pross
Feeders Union No. 1, i$2 a week over
rates in effect September IH; Bindery
Women's Union No. 43, $3.50 a woek
aver rates in effect Octobor 21; Paper
Cutters Union No, 119, ij.1 a week ovor
rates in effect October 21; Paper Handlers and Sheet Struightenora Union,
$2 a woek over rates in effect Oct. 21.
Want Stato Cossacks
Columbus, Ohio—Thc state Cossack
agitation hns struck Ohio and friends
of tliis utrike-breuking Institution are
trying to win support in tho farming
communities by showing that tho stato
Cossacks will muke crime in tho rural
sections as scarco as palm trees in tha
frozen north.
Patronize   Federationist   advertisers
and toll them why you do so.
Russian phase of revolutionary Social*
ism. The essence of Socialism is the
proposal to substitute for tho prosent
industrial system, based on privato ownership of capital, individual enterprise
und personal responsibility for the
maintenance of one's self and family,
a new order founded on the collective
ownership of all material instruments
of production and distribution, public
enterprise and sociul responsibility for
the maintenance of all individuals
brought into tho world. Thc Socialists
propose that private capital shall bo
transformed into ono collective social
capital. The wealth produced through
socialized industry would then be distributed according to some fixed standard or principlo of remuneration, not
by any way of froe competition as at
present Concerning the mothod of distribution that should bo adopted, Socialists arc not agreed, somo favoring
equality, cither absolute or approximate; others advocating remuneration
^according to services rendered, and
others favoring tho apportionment of
the social products according to neods.
Under a Socialistic regimo nil railroads
and other agencies of transportation
and communication, all factories, farms
and mines, all banks, mercantile establishments and insurance companies
would bc ownod by the stnte, or society,
acting through agencies created for this
purpose, and all workers would bo employed and remunerated by such collective agoncies.
Demands of Bolshevism •
Bolshevism sfiinds for the immediate
inauguration of Socialism. The term
Bolshevism was first used in 1903 at a
convontion of tho Russian Democratic
Party, when upon a test vote the party
divided between the majority and thc
minority. Tho majority purty waa nicknamed thc "Bolshevik," and the minority party tho '' Mcnshevik,'' the
terms being derived from the Russian
words Bolshinstvo and Meushinstvo,
moaning respectively, majority ond minority.
Prior to the rise of Bolshevism, tho
Socialist movement throughout Europo
had taken on a somewhat moderate, opportunist character. Tho leaders of tho
majority Socialist party pursued a policy of compromise and co-operntion
with other political parties and with
existing institutions. Tho Socialism
that they represent wos evolutionary
and educational in character. Thoy admitted, that tho masses wcro not yet
ready for tlio introduction of Socialized organization of industry and believod that the establishment of Socialism must wait upon tho process of educational and preparatory propaganda.
Tho Bolshevists rejected this Fabian
type of Socialism. Thoy demanded that
the Socialistic state bo installed at
onco; that tho ownorship of land and
capital bo transferred immediately
from tho oxisting proprietors to the
working masses, and that revolutionary
tactics be substituted for educational
propaganda and political compromise.
Programme Carried Out
The Bolshevist programmo has actually boon carried into effect, at least in
largo part, throughout Russia. It is not
genorally known that today tho industries of Russia aro already Socialized;
that privato capital lios been expropriated, and thnt both manufacture and
agriculture aro conducted by organizations cronted and controlled by workers themselves.
• The process by which tho transition
from tho capitalistic to the Socialistic
regicin took place in Russia is oxtromo-
ly interesting. Tho movement started
locally with workmen's shop committeos, which nssuraed control of the factories when tho old monorchia! regime
collapsed. At tho time of this collopso
tho superintendents of tho factories,
most of which had been taken ovor by
thc government for war purposes, fled
from their posts and tho factories cIob-
ed down for a time. Tho workers, finding it necessary to work in ordor to
Hvo, got together and formed workmen's shop committees to run tho factories. Those committees soon found
thnt brains wore .noedod for tho taBk
of industrial management and thoy
callod in exports to direct the work and
under the control of the committees,
and under tho control of tho committees a crude scheme of co-operation,
with interchange of products botweon
different industrial communities, was
gradually established. At tho same
timo, thc movement thus begun by thc
workmon's shop committees was
brought "under centralized control, exercised through the Soviet govornment.
A similar movement rnn itstourse on
tho land among the agricultural laborers, who formed peasants' committeos
to take ovor thc ownership of land
and tho direction of agriculture. It is
interesting to note that this transformation look place largely under tho
pressure of economic breakdown of the
old political and industrial system,
The Soviet Machino
The Soviet government, which was
established through the successful Bolshoviki revolution of November, 1917,
is based on a series of popular assemblies, local, provincial und central.
Thero is a joint Soviet of soldiers'and
workora' deputies in overy town, the
principle of representation boing ono
reprcsontativo to every 500 population.
Tho vnrious wards in tho town also
have Soviets. The representatives aro
oleetod by equal suffrago and secrot
ballot. There is full right of immediate recall on tho part of constituents.
Tho representation in tho Soviot thus
registers the changing sontimont or
mood of thc masses of tho population.
Abovo the local Soviots of tho towns
aud villages, some of which havo peasant Soviots, stand tho Soviots of tho
provinces and counties. Finally, there
is the central All-Russian Congress of
Soviots, which is made up of delegates
from the provincial Soviets, oleetod in
proportion of ono dologato to ovory
25,000 population. Tho All-Russian Soviot elects a central executivo committeo of about threo hundrod membors, which is thfl parliament of Russia. This parliament in turn solocts
pooplos' * commissars, who constitute
tho cabinot or ministry. Tho chairman
of tho CoinmiHsnrs is Nikolai Lenino,
who thus plnys the rolo of primo minister.
The emphasis in the work of the Soviet government is placed on what 'is
tormod an "economic government"—
that is, the organizntion and management of industry—rather than on purely political administration.
The "economic govornment" is sup-
erv'sed by a council of public welfare
This is a thc body of exports selected
fields of industry. The membership of
tho council includes, for example, tho
leading experts in oloctricnl engineering, industrial chemistry, textile manufacturing, steel fabrication and so on.
The utilization of technical.experts in
tho Russian socialistic organization is
perhaps its most distinctive and significant fcaturo.
Features of Capitalism
Tho impression provaila that Bolshevism is a wholly destructive movoment,
which Bponds itsolf in killing, wrecking and pilnging. But the movemont
has nlso its constructive phase, which
should not be overlooked by any ono
who wishes to understand it thoroughly
and appraise it fairly. In a statement
concerning tho probloms and tho turns
of the Soviot- government iBBUod recently by Nikoali Lenino, under tho
title of "Tho Soviots at Work," tho
problem of construction is emphasized
as tho most important and difficult
task confronting tho new government.
Ho distinguishes three problems which
tho Bolshevist party had to moot. Thc
first lay in convincing tho majority of
the population that its programmo and
policios were correct. The second was
tho conquest of political powor and tho
suppression of resistance of tho supporters of the old regimo. Tho third
problem, which was to organize tho
management of Russia. "At present,"
lie says, "this has become the central
problom. We, the Bolshovik party,
havo convinced Russia. We have won
Russin from tho rich for tho poor, from
the exploiters for thc toilers. And
now it is up to us to manage Russia,"
Augusta, Ga.—The Federation of
Trades will investigate tho question of
child labor in this city. It is charged
that childron between 7 and 12 years
old aro being employed.
Ring up Phono Soymour 2S64 for
appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite SOI Dominion Building
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LAUOR COUNCIL—MEETB
flrst ind third Tbnrnil»yi. Ex«eutlv«
board: Preaident, E. Winr.li; rioe-prttil-
dent, J. Kftv*iiai[b; it-ore'try tnd btiftlnnii
tK-Bnt, V. R. Uidifley; tmiorer, V. Knowlei:
•erfttint-tl-trmi, J. F. Poole; tniiu-w, J.
H. McVety, J. Bubble, A. J. Crawford. W
i. Pritobird. •
ALLIED   PRINTINO  TRADEB  CO UNCI L-
MneU leeond MnniUf li tke montk. Prei)
dent,   Geo.  Bertler;   n-n.ri-.Ury,   R.   H.   Nor
Undl,  P.O.   Boi  Off
JOURNEYMEN BARMERH INTERNA
tlonal Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meeta second and fourth Tueedayi ln tke
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. Preaident,
C. E. Herritt; lecreUrjr, S. H. Grant, SSO
Gamble Street.
UKOTUERHOOD OP CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 817—Meeta every aeoond and fonrtb
Monday evening, 8 o'clock. Labor Temple.
Preaident, M. McKenile; flntneta) aeoretary,
(1. Thom, 0 Dufferln Street Eaat; reeordlng
aeeretary, J. R. Campbell; bualneaa event,
Walter Thomaa, Room 208 Labor Temple
Phone Bey. 7495.
BROTHERHOOD Or BOILER MAKEUfct
»nd Iron Skip Butlden and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. IM—MeeU
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, M. A. Mo-
Kaehern, 1246 Alberni Bt.; aeoretary-treaaurer, Annua Fraier, 1151 Howe St.; buelneaa
agent. L. Cummlna, Room 212 Labor Temple.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Loal 28—Meeta every flrat Wednesday In
J,,0.montn *t 2.30 p.m. and every third
\\ edneaday In the month at 9.30 p.m. Preaident, Harry Wood;,aeeretary and IrasIneM
*Kent, W. Mackenzie. Ru<hu209 Ubor Torn
l>lu. Phono Sey. 1681. 00* houra: 12 to
12 noon; 2  to 5 p.m.
You will not
keel"
)e  soaJ
_ So many people neglect
ttelr eyes even when tney
know they ihould have
them attended to—when
they know they ahould be
wearing (lanes —beoaoae
they are afraid they will
be overcharged—and be*
cause of the uncertainty of
the eost.
•I I want any of yon union
men who feel that yon
m«y require glasses—you
or your wives—to eome ln
and let me examine your
eyes. Let me tell you what
li wrong—if anything—
what It will eost to give
you glasses that will make
seeing and living more
comfortable.
■J My optical service is the
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the coast.
B»ymonr 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical  Oo.
ttt OBANVILLE STBEET
Below Drysdale's
; Canada Food Board ;
;   Licence 8—1856    :
New Year Specials
at Money Saving Prices
fltiH-n   tha    1 l-__r_._l__.a_.__i_ a ■    ___        .. • .    .     ..
Shop the ■'llarl.ataris" w»j and get batter
value at l.ia cost
Filberts, Walnut*-, Aluiuuds
and BraiiU, por lb.	
Freah Shelled 1-eanuts,
per lb 	
Flga, aew season's layer,
per lb.
Datea, Boyal Excoblor,
large package .....	
■Mincemeat, apecla),
por package
INTEBNATIONiL ONION OF STEAM AND
Operating Englneera, Loeal No. 820—
Meeta ovory Monday, 7.80 p.m.. Labor
Temple. President, J. B. Flynn. BIO Moodl.
ntroet. New .Weatmlnater; tioe-prealdent, D
lio-lges; seeretsry-troaanrer and bnelnee*
agent. W. A. -Alexander, Boom 216, Labor
1'emple.    Phone Bey. 740S.
ELECTBICAL WOBKEBS, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meets in "Boom 208, Labor Templo
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Btreet; recording
secrotary, W. Foalkca, Labor Temple; Inan*
c ol aecreUry and bualneaa agent, E. H
Morrlaou, Boom 207, Labor Temple: aeelat
ent eecretary, F. B. Burrows.
INTEBNATIONAL LONUSHOBEMEN'S Association, Local 8882—Oflico and ball, 804
Pender Streot West. Meeta first and third
tridaya 8 p.m. Socretsry-treaaurer, Q.
fboniaa; business agent, A. Hill.
I. L. A., LOOAL 38*82, AUXlLIABy-
(Merinc Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquartera. 162 Cordova Baal
Meets Oral snd third Wedneaday, 8 p.m
Seorotory-troosnrcr, E. Winch; business
sgent, a. W. Webster.
AMALGAMATED MEAT OUTTEB8 AND
Butcher Workmon'a Union, No. 648— Meet,
first and third Toesdaya ot sack montk
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. Preaident, Chaa P.
Hogglna; recording aeeretary, J. Hotnmera;
Bnanoial secretary aad business agent. T. W
Anderson, 887 Homer street.
PATTEBN MAKERS* LEAOOE OF NOBTII
America (Vsncouver snd vicinity)—
Hrsuoh meets second end fonrth Mondays
Room 204, Labor Temple. Preaident, J
Hanfortn, Eoolld Ave. Colllngwood Eaat;
financial soort'tsry and business agent. H. S
Nlghtcosles, 276—881b Ave East, Seolb Van
M"j»RMi*"."» seeretsry, E. WeiUuoro
•»■**•* „3„2« -Mot Orey read. Pbone Bay*
view 2979L, '
SHIPyARD LABOBEBS, HIOOEBS AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Looal Onion 88A, Series*
5—Meets the 2nd snd 4th Frldsys o( the
month, Labor Tomple, 8 p.m. President, J
N. Boult; financial secretary, M. A. Phefpa*
business sgent and corresponding socretary!
w.   I..*     OBce.    Boom    910.220,    Labor
35s*
" 20^
" 300
™ 300
 2 15-f.
Plum Pudding, Old "English    **lSs*
stylo, extra special     00t
Honey, fino and Ircsb, _Q^ snd SI.10
Ornngca, Navels, fine,' juicy 60a*
nnd large,  per dorim   rf   T.
Jap Oranges, nice and ripe, 2*_/-*
per dosen  _ .!.  ~"e
Or, por box  _ _ 98c
Cranberries, flne berries,
per lb.  „	
350
I am noted for my high grade dnlry
produco. Just try my FANOY BOTTKR.
ONTARIO CHEESE AND LOCAI. NEW
LAID EGGS and you'll never buy rise-
where.
TURRETS   —   GEESE   —   CHICKENS
Choico fresh hilled birds of the very
finoBt quality,  guaiontood to pleue, and
at n-nEonablo pricos, too.
My No. 1 government inspected meats
afe nlwnys  reliable.
A full line of cured and cooked meats
nlwnys on hand.	
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118 Halting! St. W.
W.  Lee.
Temple.
STBEET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM
ployeoa, P eneer Division. No. 101—Meet.
Labor Tomple, ascent! and loorth Wedne.
daya at 8 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Cottrell
£_""_'' #■ ?■ OlBTeland: recording secre
Ph7n.'*BlX* M"', ■*»•' TrlnltF street
Pbone High MSR; flnanclal aeeretary ane
bualneaa sgent. Fred. A. Hoover, 240«'ci,rl
drive. __e corner Prlor_and Main streets
UENEBAL    TEAMSTERS^AND-CUAOF"
ln*Vf_ ut^.W."'1- 'M-MwS «»n
W M IW *'>?<"•''" > P-m. President
24«_ia?*!"."' '__"."•*,•»•■••»' J* *• Pools,
P7»i, 1! b A™* 8*"* "mt Fslr. 2100-1
SSSS-.. *_*»>?, Bert Showier, 1120
Homer 81 Se'* 6m*    •*>•»«.»«»
.ij„! oW °'_~ "on" st 2 p.m. p**,.
l„X'' E* «""»»! vlce-prealdent, W H
Bn, «»   """■•"•"•"•sSMer" R. H. Neelands
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B,.?;n^DI!BAT^N,0f MB-M-Mssta In
annual convention   n January.    Exeentlv.
*_. v.!"' T"-*pl\ y-ncnuver; vlcpresl
^STwAfi"™.™' -•"*""•• W""" Bead
Rene,.W'J1*"»_»° .Victoria. J. Taylor; Princ
Rnpert, WE. Thompson; Vancouver, E
*'"&• WJt- Trotter; New Westminster P
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marco. Martin
Nslsnui Orow. Nest P,.,. W. A. Shem.n,
Fernle. Secretary-treasurer, A. s. Wella
Ubor Temple, 405 Dnnamulr atreet. Van*'
eon ver.  B   u
VICTORIA, B.  u.
VIwLUI."p   AN,I' <V**™*OT TRADEI! AMI
Labor Couneil—Musts flrat snd third Wed
$_$_*_'_*>*._ •*' I--"-*." Hall, Nirtl
I'srk street, at 8 p.m. Pre.ld.nt. B. Sim
nuns; .vice-president, T. Dnoley* leeretsrr
tr.asuror, Christian Siverts. P. tl. lies'JS
> Irtorla. B   C
 SOOTH WELLrSOTOK, V. 1.
LOCAL UNION, NU..I1J, V.
Me*
im *. "'/ 8"t Sunday In every nientk "9 pin
Rleberds Hsll. President. Ja.. Il.temen;
>i.*e-|,resldenl, Andre* Psrknr; recordlas
SSitn "r-r*..J*i* "«■*«»! onsnclsl aee.eurr
»mi»m  MacDonald; treasurer, J. B   Hifw
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
ProdocM * Fine Creamy Lather
md noes Not Dry on the Face
DEMAMD
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Oake
Hunt actnred In Btltteh Columbia
Dentistry!
Orewaa,    Bridges    aud    ruling
■ada the same shads as you swa
astiral teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Opel evenings  7:1(0 tu   K.Hi
Dental iinrm in attetidan-a*.
OOB. OBAVTILLB AND BOBIOr
HTHBBI3
Onr Owl Drag Store
Phone Sey. 6891
Blouse Sale
NEW, PRETTY, STYLISH
Very Cheap
These are all new things—
not odds and ends, nor are
they blouses that have been
offered cheap by the maker.
This sale is our regular Pall
stock. We have a tremendous stock, and to be sure it is
down to normal by January
1st, we arc quito willing to
sacrifice them now when
they are most saleable.
,   $6.00 BLOUSES, $3.98
Heavy Crepe de Chine or
Habutai Silk Blouses, many
different designs, high neck,
V neck or round nock; some
have wido collars j others
have almost no collar at all;
all colors. Regular,to $6.00,
for  $3.98
Saba Bros.
Limited
"Che Silk Specialists
652 OBANVILIiE STEEET
V. B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
130 OraurUle Strsst
619 Hastlnis Strest Wsst
Excelsior Laundry
Limited
554-556 Richards Street
Vancouver
Drop Calls can be made
' after hours
J. F. BURNS
Leather Goods Store
Ladles' Hand Bags a Specialty
All Kinds of High Orade
Travelling Goods
S19 OBANVILLE STBEET
Phono Soy. 2H4   Vancouver, B.O,
3. Parliament o. farcatt
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—tWELVB MEW  TABIJSS—
(Bnnawlek'Balke Cullender Oo.)
—Headquartera tor Onion Man—
Oalon-insde    Tobaccos,    cigars    aal
01|srsrtss
Onlj Witts Help Bmulojel
42 Hastings St. -East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
41 Hastings Street West
OLELAND-DIBBLE BNGEAV-
INO OOMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENOKAVERS — OOMMEB01AL
ABTISTS
Phona Seymour 716U
Third Floor, World Bnlldtnf
VAHOObVEB   B. 0.
—Ths onl?  Union Hhii-i  In  VanconTei—
CENTER & HANNA, UA
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
Ono Block west of Court Houee.
I7se of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlori free to all
Patrons.
Telephone lejrmoir MU
AROK!
•CfelGmeon CTopc
K100&.
THE L0ND0N.GRILL
7r>->  ROBSm. SI OmOIAL    FAPIl    VAJtOOWll
ibidbs urn laboi ootnton,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omiiu PA?»i inrum ni*
UHBU   F1DBBATIOB   Of   LAIOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 52
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY CORNING, DECEMBER 27, 1918
/-fit fossswi
__ ato. ••oo I
$1.50 PER YEAB
The Drug Store That Gives
A Square Deal
THE LARGEST RETAIL
DRUG BUSINESS IN VANOOUVER
—Built up by strict attention to the demands of the publie.
Tlireo points iifoui' business which we strongly emphasize
in every store—
—Pure drugs—Reliable service—Reasonable prices.
For genuine drug store service, call at any of our six
stores—located at central points in each district of tho city.
VANCOUVER DRUG QO.
LIMITID
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAW 8TORB:
105 Hatting! Street Weit Phou-u Sty, 1968 tnd 106«
BRANCH STORES;
7 Hastitijs Street Weat Sermonr 35S2
782 Granville Stroet Seymour 7013
Cor. Granville and Broadway Bay 2314 and 1744*0
412 Main Street Seymou 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 and 1733-0
A Word to the Wise
Now is 'tho timo to prepare for tho cold weather.   We have tho goods
you noed.   Como and look at them.
SWEATER COATS FOR LADIES, MEN OB BOYS.   Suits aud Ovor-
coats for men and boyi.
Dressing; Robes, House Conts, Gloves (wool or silk-lined), Mufflers, Handkerchiefs, Neckwear (silk or poplin),
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
BOYS' AND MEN'S CLOTHING
309-315 HASTINOS STREET WEST UNION STORE
WE EXTEND OUR BEST WISHES TO ALL OUR
PATRONS POR A PROSPEROUS AND
HAPPY NEW YEAR
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
•'VANCOUVER'S UNION SHOE STOKE"
T. B. HILL'S
Desires to draw the attention of the public to
the fact that
$30.00 Suits are now offeerd at $21.75
$35.00 Overcoats _..  $26.50
Boys' $15.00 Suits for $9.50
$7.50 Stetson Hats $4.75
80c Leather Muleskin Gloves for 50c
Our stock of Underwear and
Sweatercoats is unsurpassed for
quality and cannot be duplicated
at the price.
T. B. HILL
117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Sey. 7495
LABOR TEMPLE
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.^
Our Piices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite
Deals with Vital Problems of the Day
Tho Columbia theatre was filled to
capacity on Sunday evening when a
moeting under the auspices of tho Federated Labor Party was held. The threo
speakers who occupied the platform
dealt with questions of tho day in a
thorough and efficient manner. The
meoting was orderly and attentive, nl-
thought it waa seen that several of tho
D. C. M.'s (disorderly conduct makers)
of tho previous" Sunday woro present.
Mr. A. Watchman was chairman.
Mr, J. W. Wilkinson of Vancouver
was tho firBt speaker, and in a capable
manner, explained the objects of thc
Federated Labor Party ,uud tracod tho
growth of tho movemont in the province. Ho waB convinced that tho governments of today either provincial or
fodernl, woro utterly incapablo of handling tho problems which wero daily bo-
coming moro complicated. When tho
vast_ changes' made by tho war wero
considered, it was seen that the government (which waa an outgrowth of
a corrupt political system), was out of
date. It was not the fault of the men
who made up the government; they
were dominated by tho prcssuro of a
system of Which thoy wore but tho
tools. To achieve anything in tho shapo
of progress or any amelioration of their
condition, it waa necessary that the
working class—who after all wore the
great majority, and whose noeds woro
the most proBsing and urgent—should
take over tho roins of government
themselves.
Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite wus in
fine fighting form ,and scathingly attacked aud exposed the evils that exist,
in present day socioty.
Tho working class, ho Baid, were
faced with tho duty of taking control
and abolishing the capitalistic system.
In doing bo, he waa suro thoy would
not and could not, mako a more wretched niuddlo of things, than the past or
present governments, provincial or dominion, had douc or wero doing. It was
necessary that evory one should make
himself acquainted with tho great
chango that had como ovor tho country
sinco tho war had started. There wero
groat problems to bo considered, and
amongst others tho returned soldier
problem is looming lnrge. Ho asked
particularly that thoso ofiicors wfio were
present in tho meeting, should take notice of -*4|g chango. "In France," ho
said, "private soldiers wcro required to
black your boots, and help you dress.
Those privato soldiers woro back 6r
coming back, but they wore not coming
back to black your boots or holp you
got your clothes on as beforc. No, that
sort of thing was past. They are com*
ing back to Canada free from army ro
gulations and restrictions, and thoy aro
going to uso their freodom."
All pettifogging officers in Canada
learn and remember that all men were
equal (whether thoy thought so'or not)
and that equality of privilogo was going to mako over this country. Tho
supremo powor rostcd with tho peoplo,
if thoy wishod to chango tho constitution, thoy eould do soj they could abolish the Houso of Lords in tho United
Kingdom or remove the King from tho
throno if thoy should bo desiro, and
whon the peoplo came to realizo the
usclcssnoss of those institutions, and
how unnecessary they wcro they would
do so. And bb to war, in tho futuro if
kings wish to fight, lot us give them
clubs and toll them to go Bomowhoro
and fight all thoy wantj if that isn't
onough, then send tho gonerals and
colonels also with clubs, and if that
docBn't do, then sond the majors and
captains and every littlo Charlie Chaplin moustached, bandy logged littlo officer who is left, even to Victorinl Lot
them shed their own blood, but as for
tho working cluss, when they onco realized their real enemy, they aro finished
with war as wo know it now.'*' Mr.
Hawthornthwaitb fold tho audience of
his ondenyors to get legislation beneficial to the working class through the
House, und how his efforts were blocked
and thwarted by thc capitalistic interests represented by those who posed in
that House aa representatives of thi
pooplo, and he also outlined measures
which he intended to bring in during
tho coming session. During tho interval, several questions wero asked, and
ono of the disorderly conduct makers,
a sergeant this l-iituj, walked down
tho aialo to tho front of tho stago and
shaking his slick in nn excited way,
tried to ask some questions. Tho chairman told him to go back to his seat
and ask his question in a proper and orderly mnnner, and he would bo answer*
ed, as he continued shaking his stick at
tho speaker, Mr. Hawthornthwaite
jumped up and shouted, "Don't wave
that stick at mo," so the sergeant prob*
ably knowing that discretion is tho better part of valor, humbly retirod and
said nothing. A woman got up and reported that six or oight officors who
had been sitting near her, had left tho
theatre, saying thoy woro 'going to
bring back a lot of soldiers to break up
the meeting. 'Let them come," shouted Mr. Hawthornthwaite "We're
ready for them." They did not come.
Rev. W. Stevenson, who spoke next,
said ho had the intorests and desires of
the working class very must at heart.
He had sought to join the Labor movemont yoars ago, but because he was not
a member of a union, he could not do
so. But the Federated Lubor Party had
been formed on a broad basis, and all
who worked with their hands or hearts
were welcome. He urged tho workers
to read Labor literature, and to support thc movement. Join tho party and
place men in tho Legislature who would
work for the welfare of the werking
class.
SOCIALIST ECONOMICS
The national development of England
during^he Tudor poriod had freed the
Crqwn from «ho necessity of the support of tho Church as it then existed.
At the same time, the heavy financial
drain of tho Church hampered tho development of tho bourgeois class, and
the possession by tho Church of one-
third of tho land of England was a
check on the growing practico of turning arablp land into pasture. Thereforo
Henry VIII, without any attack upon
the doctrines of tho Church, was ablo
to throw off tho papal authority, proclaim himself head of thc Church, and
confiscate tho Church lands.
Tho Reformation, however, did not
stop thoro. To an ever-increasing extent, as their economic development
procecdod, tho rising bourgeois class
camo to seo that tho rulo, customs,
practices and beliefs of tho Church,
which had beon so well adapted to
Feudalism, como into endless conflict
with its own interests, and thus aroso a
perfectly genuine conviction that tho
teachings of this Church must be
wrong. From the newly printed and
cheaply circulated Biblo tho theology
of Paul was rediscovered; tho pristly
loro of the Middlo Ages, which had
adapted Christianity to Feudalism, was
thrown over, and the Protestant heresy
spread throughout Europe.
With the paternal rulo of tho baron
waned the material rulo of the Church.
No longer was the master responsible
for tho sustonanco of tho worker who
was old, helpless, or not required, and
no longer was the Church responsible
for his soul. It boeamo tho duty of
every man to find his own moans of
livelihood, and to work out his soul's
salvation. The feast days and holy
days of the Middlo Ages—all but tho
weekly Sabbath—woro found to bo
suporstitious, and tho duty of man was
discovered to be to work, save, and
abstain from enjoyment of life—in
short, to practico tho bourgeois virtues
in order that capital should bo increased. ,
Tho new doctrines entered into International affairs. The sovereignties of
Europo woro becoming nations, and
their boundaries were sottled by a long
scries of wars, or which religion was
believod to' bo tho basic cause.' Tho
strugglo between England and Spain
for tho exploitation of America was
expressed psychologically in terms of
religion.
By tho time of tho accession of thc
Stuarts, England has becomo a Protestant nation; but naturally, thero was a
great difference between tho Protestantism of tho King and the aristocracy
and that of tho rising bourgeoisie. The
latter took the cxtremo form of Puritanism, a very romarknblo product of
superstition, class interests and bitter
class struggle.
From tho strugglo with tho Popo and
with tho Spanish powor, "-tho Crown
emerged .stronger thun ovor; and
neither King nor nobility had much
sympathy with tho cxtremo Puritan or
his economic interests, Charles I, in
particular, set beforo himself the definite aim of making the monarchy abso*
lute.
But tho economic power of thc bourgeoisie kept growing, and their representatives on tho floor of the House of
Commons became moro and, more trou
blosomo, till at last tho strugglo burst
forth into civil war. Even thon, the
bourgeoisie was to a great extent blind
to the intorest at stake, nnd earriod on
tho war half-heartedly. Ab a class, the
bourgeoisie is necessarily timid, boing
itself fow in numbers and unskilled in
warlike pursuits, it relies upon tho proletariat to fight itB political battles,
and upon tho aristocracy to keep th6
proletariat in subjection. But religious
fervor was now at its height, and the
sturdy yeomen had takon up the fight,
with Cromwell at thoir head. Not only
was tho king defcatod and tnken prisoner, but after his attempt to stir up n
counter revolution, he was tr-icd and
cxecutod.
Tho last barrier to> bourgeois
promacy was down; yet tho bourgeoisie
failed in their attempt to rule without
tho aid of tho nobility; they disestablished tho House of Lords and the
English Church, but fanaticism and
conflict bf interests defented their aims.
After ejeven years of military despot
ism nnd Puritan gloom, the nation in
vited Charles II to take his father's
place, with thc Church and the House
of Lords back in full powor, and the
most subservient assemblage in tho
House of Commons which tho century
had ovor seen.
Charles, however, had to use groat
tact in order to keep his throne, and
his brother aJmcfl, copying his father's
tactics, founfl William of Oriuigo in
vited to tho kingdom, nnd fled precipi*
lately to Franco. Thc Revolution of
10SS marks thc closo of this period of
class struggle. William nnd Mary were
placed on the throno by special act of
parliament, whicli assort cd its own
right lo enthrone or dethrone the monarch. The representatives of the bourgeoisie henceforth fonn the renl governing power of tho nation, and tho
laws aro made nnd enforced for tht!
protection of bourgeois property and
the maintenance of tho relations which
go to make Up capitalistic BOololy. Thc
aristocracy, however, retains its hold
on tho Innd of the United Kingdom and
many of its political privileges; tho
Church and the Monarchy still remain
in spito of bourgeois rndicalism. In
short, tb>! bourgeoisie and the aristocracy recognized thoir mutual interdependence nnd came to a compromise.
They found that, thero wns room for
both on the backs of tho wage workers,
and henceforth that all differences
arising between thc different; sections
of thc ruling class could be fought out,
in the Houses of Parliament without
unnecessary bloodshed. This satisfactory conclusin being arrive* at, it is
not a tail surprising to find the principle of religions toleration established,
and religion as a burning question ceasing to play uny important part in history.—" 'Enry St raker" in Maorilnnd
Worker.
Deals With Many Questions
at Last Regular
Meeting
At tbe last mooting of tho Victoria
Trades and Labor Council, amongst
other business tho executive committee
reported tho appointment of two addi-,
tional delegates to tho Board of Trado j
reconstruction committee, namely, I
President Dooley and J. Woodward to'
work in conjunction witb Doiogatoa J.
Taylor and C. ftivortz.
Under reports of special committees'
Undor reports of speciul committees
Dolognto Herd reportod attending tho
convention of B. C. Librury Association and spoko on a bill which was boing introduced by that association for
the purposo of extondiug library facilities in tho province stating organized
Labor was in favor of anything which
would holp ih tho nature of education.
Mayor To'dd was then nccorded tho
floor and spoke on the desirability of
amalgamation of Victoria and Esquimau, pointing out the facilities and
advantages of tho scheme and taking
several extracts from Comrado
May no's book showing that commercial jealousy was responsible for tho
conditions that now prevail. Ho enumerated tho various advantages such as
the fino harbor of Esquimau. The
groat mineral deposits, tho probablo
construction of any dock, etc., and was
of tho opinion ,thnt all should work-to-
wards that object.
Roforring to tho censorship mooting
Delegate Taylor mentionod tho nnfebor
of officers of thc Siberian Expeditionary Forco who were presont at tho
timo, and who wore mainly responsible
for tho disturbance, and mado a motion
that wo endeavor to find out their
mancB. After much discussion this
was lost by ono vote. .
Delogutes from Minimum Wage
Board wero given ,thc floor. Miss
Gutteridge addressed the meeting on
minimum wage for laundry workers
and reported that the minimum wage
for said workers throughout tho province was set at $13.50 per woek, and
in tho namo of Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council extended greetings.
Trusting that all our friends
will have spent a
Merry Christmas
—and that the—;
New Year
may bring them Health, Wealth and
Happiness,
we draw attention to tho fact that we
have beon established since 1910, anfl
have given satisfaction to thousands of
customers during that period*—both
men and women. Wc want-to impress
on onc and all that wc are the pioneer
custom tailoring house of B. 0., and
that quality has been thc bedrock on
which we have built up our big business,   Perfect fit guaranteed.
SUITS
For WOMEN,
 H    $45 up
THE B.C. TAILORING CO.
Custom Tailors to the Working Man
NEAB   THBATBS   BOTAL
 ,   (Old Pantages)     	
17. B. 1598 (Shipwrights) Victoria
Usual weekly meeting held in Labor
Hall. - Brother A. McLennan in the
chair. A number of sick reportB and
othor routine businoss was dealt with;
four new members were initiated.
Much discussion took place regarding
men coming over hero from tho United
States, whilo a numbor _ of local mon
were unemployed, nnd reforonce was
mnde to tho attitude of tho employers
in the yards seeming to. give preference
to such men,
Tho Compensation Board also enmo
in for criticism (not unwarranted,
either), ono member reporting that tho
board wero not coming up to scratch in
regard to the payment of hospital bills,
which woro duo on ace.'dent cases.   St.
Josephs Hospital waB mentioned as being unable to handle any moro accident
cuses at present.
Tho advisability of selecting suitable
candidates for tho city and municipal
councils in conjunction with tho ex-service men's organization was considered, some of -the brothers boing of tho
opinion that municipal politics wcro of
no benefit to tho workers, and that lime
spent on such projects wns wasted;
whilo others thought that wo should
make small beginnings, and so advance.
Tho Saturday afternoon question in
tho shipyards, whero the introduction
of the throe-shift system might entail
working Saturday aftornoon, was taken
up, and the meeting was unanimous in
its condemnation of any attempt being
made to work on Saturday afternoon,
and instructed thoir dolbgatOB to tho
TO THB NEW YEAB
King out/ wild bells, thy joyous peal,
Through "ages past has ushered in
Another year of hopeless toil,
Anothor year of want and sin,
Anothor year for wrong to sit
Proud and triumphant on tho throne,
Another year for Bight to wulk
A stranger, through tho world alone;
King out, wild bells, ring out.
Ring out, yo bells, your pitying tones,
King soft and clear   o'er   Flanders'
Fiold,
Where' sleep the men who died to bring
A better day unto the world.
Tho tusk that fell from dying hands
Bo ours to'finish ore once moro,
Thy clamoring voice sounds o'er the
world,
On hill and plain, on soa and shore,
Metal" Tradei" C^weinto* acT accord-1 RinS out» 7° bcll?» rin8 out-
ingly.
1 King out, glad bells, a hapipcr note
' Sounds in thy echoing chimes toaay,
Accident at Foundation Shipyard
The Shipyard Laborers, No. 3QA6,
have been unfortunate in losing another
of thoir membors, Bro. G. H. Coulter,
who died as a result of internal injuries received, being crushed by a
heavy timber, while working in the
Foundation shipyards. The deceased
brother was born in Soult Ste. Mario,
forty-six years ngo, and is survived by a widow and two childron.     Tho   funeral    took   placo   on
A glad command, arise, ye slaves'*
And east oppression's chains away;
Arise, yd toilers of the earth,
Arise, and put your fears away,
While madly clamoring bolls proolai»
Tho glorious dawn of Freedom's day.
Ring out, glad bells, ring out.
>!B8.  HARBISON.
Saturday last. Representatives ot
tho Shipyard Laborers wero prosent,
Dato of accident, Tuesday, Dee. 17;
doath, Thursday I9th.
Fresh Cat Flowen, Funeral resigns, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planti.  ->■
oamental And Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries   „
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2~-8TOBE8—2
«B Hustings Street Eut, Bay. 988*6711 — TSS Gras-rUle StreM, My. HII PAGE POUR
THE BRTTISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IIB. C.
PtbUihB* «Tei7 Friday raorulng by the B. 0.
■FederationiBt, Limited
A, S. WelU Manager
Offlce: Labor Tomple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchango Seymonr 7495
Att.t 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription Rates: United Statos and
Foreign, $2.00 per year; Canada, $1.50
per year; in Vancouver^ City, $2.00 per
year; to Unions Kiibscribing in a body,
$1.26 per member per yoar.
"Unity of Labor:   tha Hope of th* World"
FRIDAY December 27, 1918
THIS IS THB last issuo of a memorable year.    Ia January last our
circulation was 6300, by tlio ond
of Juno it had reached the 8200 mark,
and it stands today at 15,000.   That it
will     continue     to
WISHES grow    there    is    no
OB doubl.      Tho   Honti-
ACTIONS ments of this day be
ing expressed in
overy issue, and tho ever growing do-
eire for real democracy will ensure success to thoso publications, that publish tho truth, and with neither malice
or venom, point to tho toilers the only
way to happiness. To those thnt have
assisted us during the past year, wo extend our appreciation. It would bo impossible to acknowledge all communications that aro addressed to us, but
nevertheless, the words of encouragement, and thc many actions of our
frionds, who by deed show their appreciation, are at all times wclcomo, and
wo desire at this timo to acknowledge
our appreciation of them. Wese wo to
follow tho usual custom, we should wish
our readers a happy Now year. Wo intend to do better than that, howover,
It is our intention to work, and strive
during the coming year to bring about
those changes, that are necessary before tho workers, brain or hand, can on-
joy tho full fruits of thoir toil. If
we havo a message at this timo to tho
workers, it is that thoy shouloj give
over wishing, and by action, takon after duo deliberation, and directed intelligently, bring the day nearer ,when a
happy new yoar may be possible, by
the establishment of a happy new ora
on this globe.
*        *        *
The year 1918 has beon one of suffering, and agony for tho peoples of tho
earth.    Saddened homes aro in overy
land.     Many arc tho vacant chairs.
Blasted     hopes,     and    lives,    as    a
tosult    of    a    war-brooding   systom
in overy city, town or hamlet in the
different countries that havo boon engaged in warfare.   And tho end is not
yet.  Tho beginning of a period of suffering, caused by unemployment, as a
result of tho cessation of tho manufacture of munitions can already bo seen,
and what is being done about itf True,
everybody is talking "reconstruction,"
but what do thoy mean by that term?
The working class programme is the
only real programme of reconstruction.
Tho  rest   are  but   mero  nttompts  to
patch up a system, that was the cause I
of all  tho  suffering during tho  past
yoar, and will bo the cause of all the
eufforing in thc coming ono.   Realizing
this, we can only strive iu tho coming
year, as we have in tho yoars that havo
passed, to bring about a change in society,  that  will  bring in its train a
happy  future  for tho class that  hns
made all progress possible; tho "working class."    Wishing will not achieve
anything, but action will, so our policy,
which should be tho policy of tho working clans, will bo to seek to gain our
nnppiuess by our own efforts, and leavo
tho wishing to thc other fellow.
force at Vladivostok -is shown. Taking
the press statements, which atato that
ordor is being restored in Russia, and
then again referring to tho statements
as io the opposition of tho Allies to thc
Spartacus group in Germany, and thc
gloating of tho Sun over tho profits being made from the Siberian expedition,
there is little wonder at tho growing
opposition to tho intervention of tho
Allies in Russia. Tho people of this
land do not know tho truth, as to the
reason for this expedition. The
statements of tlio Russian government, are not allowed to bo published,
The war is over, and thero is littlo
chance of nny news published either
from Russia, or any other country, being of auch a nature as to givo aid and
comfort to tho enemy, as tho enemy,
if all accounts are true, is so oomnlotoly
defoatod as to make it impossible to givo
it any aid, in so far as it being detrimental to tlio Interests of the Allies.
Then why tho continuance of tho censorship? Why are we donicd the right
to know lho real facts as to world happenings! There can bo only ono reason, and that is that tho ruling class of
tho Allied countrios is afraid that tho
example of tho Russinn people, who are
at this time bringing order out of
chaos, and who have overthrown their
ruling claBS, and established something
liko a real domocracy, will hasten the
dny of its own downfall. It cannot
allow tho truth to become known, because it realizes that tho truth will not
aid it in its schemes to continuo its
rulo, and by the continuance of that
rule, continue to exploit the workers.
If the facts are as from time to time
given ub in the press aa to Russia, then
tho people of this country have a right
to know. If they are not, then the people of tins land arc also entitled to the
truth. Thero is nlwaya two sides to
any question. Wo have had lots of tho
one side, nnd tho patont untruth, of
many of the news items purveyed by
the press of this country, makes it impossible for anybody to boliovo that
the objects of tho Siberian expedition
are as stated, "to police Russia until
order is restored."
FRIDAY. December 27, 1918
w
f ITHIN  A FEW hours of our
rendors  receiving their copies
of The Federationist, the result
of the Old Country elections will bo
known.   On the result of that eleetion,
depends   tho   futuro
THE actions  of  tho   gov-
SITUATION crnments of tho dif.
XN RUSSIA. ferent countries, thnt
at this time are considering tho advisability of continuing
tho policy of intervention in Russia.
That during the time of the election,
the ruling cIubs of those lands, used
overy device,.that it could think of, in
ordor to retain the reins of government, there is little doubt. But thero
is not the same fear of manipulation
of ihe ballots, us there would be if the
elections had been held in tliis country.
With all the faults of the politicians in
Great Britain, thoy have never descended to lho depths of politicnl infamy,
as have the politicians of this groat
■dominion of "ours." That being so,
'the results of the election, can bc said
to be a fairly true indication of the
wishes of the people of tlie old land.
The Lnbor Party, has In no uncertain
'voico, expressed its determination, to
■nee that those lands which' aro struggling towards freedom, shall not be interfered with. That their actions in
this direction hnve had considerable
effect on the press of tho eountry, thero
is little doubt. Press dispatches this
week aliow that tho stories of Bolsheviki atrocities are not truo, and wore
but circulated in order to allow thc
ruling class to step in and crush out the
growing spirit of democracy, that
gaining headway the world over. It is
nlso gathered from tho preHS that ordor
is being established in all parts of Rus-
•sia by the Soviet government, and if
this is so, then the troops of the Allies
should be immediately withdrawn.
* *        *
The Wnrld states that the opposition
of the Allies to the Spartacus group in
Germany, is because if it seizes power
it will begin war on tho middlo classes,
and as in Russia, there will soon be
tittle proporty left in Germany whore-
from the Allies can draw the indemnities for France uud Belgium they intend to demand. The Sun announces
that Vancouver has reaped big profits
from tho Siberian expedition, and that
100,000 rifles have been sent, and that
the full complement of tho Canadian
contingent is to bo C000 mon. In tho
same issue as the above announcement
was mado, a photograph of tho Allied
If the following from the New
Statesman, which is anything but a Socialist, or Bolshoviki paper is true, thon
tho whole thing is nothing but a fraud,
and proves that thc ruling class is determined to prevent the spread of domocracy:
"Order iB more thoroughly re-established in Russia now than at
any time sinco tho fall of Czar-
dom. Food distribution is better
organized than at any timo dur-
in the wholo war. Factories are
rapidly starting up again as fast aa
raw materials can bo obtained.
Management of the factories by
committees failed for obvious reasons. Management of the Soviets
with consultative committees of
employeos has boon substituted
with growing success.
'' Tho Bolsheviki, though hampered by undcsirablo tools, are cleaning tho country of bribery and corruption.   Terror has ceased.  It has
beon greatly exaggerated. If Nikolai Lenine had not been in bed as
tho result of a wound, thore would
have boon no 'Terror' in Moscow.
Thero have boen no executions in
Moscow for two months.    During
tho 'Torror' thoro wore 400 executions, of which (10 per cent, wero
corrupt Soviet oflicials. Inefficiency
is boing remedied by rapid recruiting from tho educated classes.
"Any govornmont established by
us will need the support of foreign
bayonets, as the Russiun proletariat
are thoroughly imbued with Bolshevism. ''
* * *
Suroly the rights of nations to self-
determination, must have got lost in
the seufflo since the defoat of Germany.
And the hypocrisy of the profiteering
clnss is now disclosed. It is not the
welfare of tho Russian pooplo that (is
sought, but pelf nnd profits, a»i members of thc working clasp of this country arirto be sent to Siberia, in order
that t_rcy may, if necessary, at tho
point of tho bayonet, establish such
conditions iu thnt country, as will make
it possible, for the avaricious dreams-of
the ruling class to bo realized,
* #    ,    *
With tho Labor Purty in the old land
in a atrong position, there is little
doubt, that tho interference in Russia
would be dropped, and it is even now-
stated, that if the oleetions show any
great taoasuro of support of the Labor
Party, that there will be no moro troops
sent to Siberia from thia country. With
a victory in tho British elections, Labor
at tho international conference will
have more to Hay as to tho futuro actions of the Allies In other countries,
and such a stimulus will be given to
tho International working class movoment, that it will becomo much moro
of a factor for peace, than nny so-
callod leaguo of nations, as proposed
by President Wilson ever could. The
future of Russia ,nnd of the world, depends on tho intelligence of the working class, and we can only hope that
the workers of Great Britain have realized their mission, and have roturned
sufficient of their cluss to parliament,
as will tend to further the establishment of democracy throughout the
world, Tho first step towards which
must be the policy of hands off in
Russia.
RESPONSIBLE   labor   oflicials   in
tho city of Toronto   stute    that
thero are thirty-fivo thousand out
of employment in thut city.    With n
knowledge of local conditions, and taking into consider-
THE ation the number
UNEMPLOYED        of munition work-
QUESTION era thero were in
Toronto, thia
does not appear to be an exaggerated
estimate Vancouver and Victoria
both have moro unemployed just now
than they havo had for somo considerable time, and the worst is not yet.
The unemployed problem will continue
to become greater each succeeding
yenr, so leng as we aro compelled to
live under the present system. The
returned soldiers, and those that will
be arriving every week or so, will ranke
the question still more urgent, and
moro appalling us the suffering increases,   But what can be done about
it, will be asked.   Tho politicians arc
informing us that wo uro to aee great
prosperity.   We nre to have a drydock,
und a few other things.    Port facilities aro to bo extended und whntnot.
And that is ubout all that is boing
offered as a solution to this ever-growing problom.    The question of unemployment cnn never bc solved, except
oy thoso that understand tho   cause.
The causo is the present system of socioty.   Labor power is a commodity. It
is sold on the market at its cost of reproduction.   There may bo times when
so-called high wagos are pnid, and so-
callod prosperity prevails.   But tho labor markot   is  generally   overstocked
and does not very ofton allow of any
undue enhancing of thc prico of labor
powor.    Supply und  demnnd keeps  a
pretty tight rein on tho workers in this
reapect.   Labor powor, howover, ia unlike other commodities.    It haB characteristic that things, potatoes for instance, do not possess.   Tho workor do-
livers up his commodity labor power to
tho employing class, by the dny or tho
hour, or the week or the month, as' tho
cnso muy be.    In thc  application  of
that labor power the workors produco
more thnn tho cost of thc production of
the lnbor power expended,   ThiB is surplus values, or profits, which is retained by tho employing clnss in the shapo
of commodities, which have boon produced by the workora.   This inovitably
loads to the overstocking of tho market, and the workers being no longor
needed arc outside the fuctory, mill or
mine, us tho case may bc: looking for
a job.   If lho workers would only real
izo thut it is not jobs thoy noed, but
the necessities of life, und at the samo
time understand thut they,   and   they
nlono, cun, and do, produco tho nocosai
ties of life, und that they havo ulso
produced by their efforts the "machinery
of production, thon it might be possibh
thoy would soo  that what they
really need, not only to stop unemployment, but undue labor, is to own tho
machinery of production.   Tho workers
produce everything that goes to mako
for human huppinesa, but because  the
riding class controls    the    means    of
wealth production they aro denied access to tho very things thoy havo produced.    Tho  worker  docs  not  go   to
work to produco commodities for hia
own uso, but for an employing class.
Tho product of hiB toil is nothing to
him, ho does not evon get n share of
what ho produces.   Ho receives wages,
or tho amount it costs him to reproduce
his labor powor, and to roproduce his
kind.    Unomploymont is as   much    a
necossity under the present system as
are profits.   Immediately there iB no
profit in the production of any commodity, either becauso thoro is no markot, or because tho market   is   overstocked,   production    ceases—notwithstanding thc fact that   tho   workors
need tho vory things that are not boing
produced—becauso thoro is no "profit"
to th.o ruKng class in their production.
The dovelopmont during tho last four
years, in the  methods  of  production,
will tond to mako  tho   over-recurring
periods of depression, and consequent
unemployment   of  tho  working  class,
moro and more frequent, and nlso of
greator duration, and from no angle ia
thero any sign of relief, undor tho present systom of production   for   prolit.
The very productivity of tho workers
is a curso to thom, for by their own
efforts do thoy fill the markets of tho
world to overflowing, and bring about
panics,    and     industrial     depression.
Every system, that has proceded the
present systom, has fallen down, and
boen discarded,   when   it    could    no
longer feed tho slaves.    Tho presont
systom has reached that stago whoro
it is impossible for the workers to be
fed and housed, etc., and consequently
it must go.   The workors will, out of
their very needs, be compelled to bring
it to an end.   Thoso that do tho producing must own and control tho moans
whereby thoy produce, and by so doing
control the products of thoir toil. Given
thoso conditions tho workors can caro
for every member of tho human family.
Thoso that are incapublo by physicnl
infirmities can bo provided for, tho soldiers that will not be ablo to resume
thoir former activities can bo looked
aftor, but just so long as tho present
system   continues,   unomploymont  and
nil ita consequent evils will remain unsolved.   Building of drydocks and such
like will novor solve it.
surely, and tho rest of the Germans
must bo poor tools, if one man can do
us suggested in thc headline In Victoria rocently, if street cornor reports
aro true, some members of tho Siberian
Expeditionary Force refused to go, and
were compelled to do so by the use of
forccable methods,! amongst which was
tho uso of revolvers by the officers.
Did tho writer of the headline write
tho head for a report of the Victoria
incident, and was it suppressed, and
then made ovor to suit a*"ncws" dispatch from Germany f
IHE DEVELOPMENT
IN THE FAR EAST
The Middle or Business Element Is Ousting the
Junkers in Japan
Whilo duly appreciative of the decrease in tho cost of electric light in
the city of Vancouver, nnd recognizing
that the day is not yot hore, whon thc
working class will assume control of
all the machinery of production, the
car sorvico which has been the lot of
the peoplo of this city, since the tuking off of thc jitney has been something fierce. Within two yeara the
B. C. Electric Railway Company has
had two strikes, both* of which were
used by the eompany—if they were
not actually engineered by the company—to secure some concessions. Last
year the object wus the elimination of
tho jitneys, this year it wns for increased fnres. The company wns successful in both enses. Tho jitneys are
off tho streets, and the fares aro raised. But the general public is somewhat concerned about the service rendered. During thc time that the jitneys were on the slreets it was not a
very difficult job to get home, even
if ono lived at the end of tho Grand-
view,' or any other Hue, but now with
no jitneys, and not sufficient curs running to handle the crowds at tho rush
hours, it is not a rare thing for it to
take an hour to reach home, after arriving at thc point whero it is oxpectod
that a car will atop sume time fur pas*
sengera. In many cases a wait of from
ten to fifteen minutes is no new thing
beforo a car turns up, and when it
does it keeps going, being packed
to suffocation. What is tho inspector
of tramways doing. The curs every
evening nro filled fur above tho limit
placed by law. Should an accident
occur with cure packed in this manner, tho results are bound to be terrible. Surely the eity couhcll should see
that adequate service is given, now
that the company has raised its fares,
and eliminated the competitor, which
at least compelled the compnny to give
service.
The following ridiculous headline ap-
pparod in ono of the locul papers yesterday: "Liebknecht at Revolver's
Point Threatens and Cajoles Workors
o Demand Shorter Hours at War Rales
nf Pay."
Llobknoeht must be a   bravo   man,
Tho Land of thc Rising Sun is now
passing through an interesting stngo,
The coming of penco hns had a tendency to throw the industrial machinery
out of goar. The public distribution
of rice, coupled with, tho fall in prico
aftor the announcement of a largo crop,
has, for tho time being, alleviated discontent. Tho cost of living is still
vory high, but prices have fallen a
littlo Bince tho war ended and thoro is
a slump on tho exchango.
Tho now ministry is of tho liberal
color and tho military gang havo boon
temporary superseded. The ordinary
polico escort of ministers has beon
abolished, and they go about without
that show of armed force. Tlie capitalist eluBS of Japan is beginning to
cut down expenses by abolishing tho
paraphernalia of tho feudnl system.
In most important matters, as wus expected, dcclurations of a changed policy havo boen mado. The homo minis-
tor, at a gathering of pressmen, hns
advocated "catholicity of thought."
Thore are to bo no more of thoso loans
to North China, which served only to
pcrpetuuto tho anarchy within tho bor-
dors of Japan's vast neighbor. Jnpnn'a
policy is now to bo u policy for China
and not only for a part of it. A
declaration of sympathy for Russia has
boon made, which has gono somo way
to remove tho doubts hithorto investing Japan's intervention in Siberia.
The homo minister has hinted at a reform of thc franchise Last, and by
no means least, tho foreign minister
has pronounced with special rofcronce
to Mr. Wilson in favor of tho League
of Nations.
All this goes to show thut the land
of Nippon is now under the control of
the small businoss element, or tho middlo class. Opinion is nevertheless ofton
very hard and unsympathetic with roferenco to Siberia. From time to timo
appear muttcrings of dissatisfaction at
tho advantages secured by the AIHcb in
Siberia and' their greater popularity.
The plain truth is that the Russian
bourgeoise" do not like tho Japanese
business men and thc capitalists of
Japan do not Uke tho capitalists of
Russia. The working peoplo of both
countrios are, howover, drawing nearer together owing to the popularity of
Russian Socinlist literature amongst
tho slaves of Jnpnn. Pence wns recoived with mixed feelings. Tho general tone of tho press is ono of congratulation and relief, minglod with
some apprehension of tho consequoncos
of a termination of hostilities to the
material affairs of Japan. Japanese industry is faced with a renewal of competition uftor somo yoars of unprecedented prosperity. Thero have been reproduced in modern times, tho conditions of tho British industrial revolution, and during thc war tho increasing wealth of tho employers, and the
riso in the general cost of living have
together, produced a feeling of dissatisfaction which would not be romoved
even if prices had to fall.
The ruling class of Japan la torriflod
leat thero should be any more rlco riots.
Ministers are anxiously considering
now to doal with unemployment and
tho other economic problems which will
affect Japan, liko all other industrial
statos, during the next few years.
Prof. Yoshino of tho Tokyo Imporial
University writes on thiB subject as
follows: "Socialism," he tolls us,
"has already assumed too practical a
shapo in come countries to be dismissed ns moro theory. Howevor vigorously tho authorities may endeavor to
point out the absurdity of such theories, the prevalence of thoso tendencies
will not bo successfully combattod so
long as important problems of existence aro left unsolved. The effective
removal of tho evil lies in the vigorous
carrying out of a wiso socinl policy. It
may be admitted that of late tho position of the working claBsea has boen
considerably improved. In Bpito of
this improvement in their position,
however, soeial problems go on increns-
ing nnd attracting greator nttontion.
In fact it is those working people who
have a sufficient incomo to livo upon
who nre responsible for bringing sociul
problems prominently to tho front.
Thoso who are in dire noediof help nre
comparatively quiet."
Prof. Todtt writes in reference to the
rice riots as follows: "Ab tho demand
for lubor Increased the laboring classes
became conscious of their growing
strength. Not only did they show no
hesitation in demanding nn increase of
wages and presenting othor demands,
but their self-confidence was largely
strengthened, and the opposite occurred
with the oducatod clnaaos,    «,
Thus they eame to assume un
attitudo of pity towards tho lower class
officials, who represented tho majority
oi tho educated cluss and who are In-
boring under great difficulty of living.
Tho lower officinls nnd clerks of companies are now looked upon by tho laboring clnsscs as poor, underfed weaklings. The increased Bclf-confidonco of
the low* class people and tho decreasing oonfldence of the middlo
classes wus an important causo
of the recent riots ... But
tho cause which incited tho people of
thc lower classes to go so far as to
rise in riotous assembly is genorally
sought in the rampant and unrestrained
behavior, of upstart millionaires sinco
tho outbreak of the war, rather than
in the unequal nnd unfair distribution
of wenlth. Thnt tho western part of
the country saw* moro riota thnn tho
eastorn, is uncounted for by the fnct
thut it is exactly in that part of tho
eountry that Iho rampancy of narikin
waa most pronounced. That thoy make
enormous profits accidentally in course
nf their daily businoss is an immaterial
fact which the public do not aee: thoy
excite thc ill-will of the public because
they show themselves to bo narikin by
living in an   improperly   oxtravagnnt
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
"THAT LINE IS BUSY"
Do you ever doubt tho operator
whon you got this report on your
call!
Her test of tho lino called ia a
very simplo matter. Remember that
it is easier and quicker for her to
completo a cull thnn to roport buck
to the person calling.
Ench operator senses hor unusual
responsibility and is appreciative of
overy evidence of consideration uc-.
corded her curnost effort.
B. 0. TELEPHONE CO., LTD.
tylo. The majority of tho new millionaires have lost their heads because
of thoir unexpected luck, and their
stylo of living haa in many cases beon
such as implios insult and challongo
to the goneral public. In a society Tn
which such insult and challenge are
oponly givon, ono must not bo surprised if uneducated peoplo of tho lowor
classes should conceive the idea of requiting violence with violonco and go
to tho length of committing pillage, as
was actually tho case on tho occasion
of tho recent riots. . . «r^But the
style of living of the upper and middlo
classes in general of lato years has
beon far from oxomplary. The ovas-
ion of taxes by the well-to-do, the sclf-
aggrandizoment of officials of compunies, at the expense of thoir employers, and tho goneral low tono of business morality—all thia indicntes the
rottennosa of the moneyed classes.
Many casos of bribery and corruption
which have occurrod in recont years,
and innumerable instances of dishonest aota on tho pnrt of employoes of
companies^ which havo recently come
to light, provo tho moral depravity of
tho educated classos in general. All
this is really a more serious causo of
apprehension for tho futuro of this
country, than the riots und pillage by
poor peoplo."
Tho Land of the Rising Sun Is coming rapidly into line and starting
events can be expected in that country
as in every othor. Tho social revolution is a fact and is now too far on
its way to bo retarded.
3^ <s^ ?5ifo <ft^S
Just a Ring
Won't Do!
"Just a ring" isn't sufficient for an engagement. It
must be a ring as beautiful and unquestionable as the
love and constancy of which it is thc symbol.
The mind flies immediately to Birks' Rings, simply because Birks' Diamonds are personally selected stones of
the highest grade procurable.
OEO. E. TROBEY, Mm_-Dlr.
Granville and Georgia streets
_____*&__j___%m
WHERE IS HEAVEN?
* Wo hope to havo a new earth, but
wo must certainly havo a new Heavon,
as it has movod from its old location
in tho Bky—probably bocnuso tho climate has changed. Wo always understood that the climate-of Hoaven was
gonial, being, no doubt, warmed by tho
hot air rising from tho tropical regions below. According to the reports
of tho aviators tho climato of the sky
is moro liko cold storage than Heaven,
and not ono of them reports having
seen an nngel, though according to tho
tale of Mr. Poter (in Cranford) they
sometimes fly as low as tho Himalaya
Mountains, where ho himsolf shot a
flying creature, and when it fell discovered to his diamny that it was a
cherubim.
"But Mr. Peter," said tho Hon. Mrs.
Jamieson, "Shooting a cherubim, don't
you think—I am afraid that was Bacri*
lege,''
And Mr. Poter excused himself for
not having thought of that becauso he
had been living a long timo amongst
savages all of whom wero henthon und
some, ho was afraid, were downright
dissenters. Our aviators having beon
so long in contact with the snvngo Germans, and other dissontors, could wc
trust thom not to tuke a crack at tho
passing nngel, as is tho sportsman's instinct at sight of any feathered fowlf
When for instance tho uvintors battled mightily in tho clouds, nnd tho
angels passed to and fro on thoir errands, mignt not un accident havo happened? Ob! Tho things thnt hnvo
happened in this wur that wo shall
novor know about, we who paid the
piper! And nlso pnid the censor! But
one thing is evident, hoaven hns moved
further uwny sinco tho birdmen invaded the skies.
—8AVB TOUB MOJJBT—
8TABT A BAVK AOOOUMT Dl
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
._.P0-1_it ,tow iwl7 *oor ->_P»» «•■* t»
•nj* old oora-r where It is In duvw
irora burglars or flre
Tlie MirohftnU Btnk ot Cinidft otters   you   perfect    ssfstj   for   tou
money, »nd will give yon full btnUi
■ervlce .whether yonr account la Inn
or amall. "
^Intereat  allowed   on  airing*  dope-
O. V. STACEY, Managtt
W. 0. JOT, Manager
HaatlngB aid Oarrall
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF DEC. 30
The Craziest Comedy Evor
Written
"TheBlueEnvelope"
A Real Bib Tickler
Prices 16c, 35c and 60c
Officials Indicted
New York—Sitting as a magistrate,
Mayor Hylan has issued warrants
charging innnslnughter ngninst President Willinms of tho Brooklyn .Rapid
Transit Company nnd four minor officials, fixing bnll at $10,000 each, as n
rosult of his inquiry into tho uccident
of Novembor 1, last, which resulted in
tho death of 89 passengers. The officials dlsobnyod an order of the nntional war lubor bourd to reinstato 29
victimized members of the Brotherhood
of Locomotlvo Engineers and attempted to operate tho lines with strikebreakers when the unionists suspended
work. The motorman in charge of
tho wrocked train haB also been charged with mimsluughted by Mayor Hylan.
Jowelry Workers Win
New York.—Tho 3000 members of
Jewelry Workers' Union No. 1 huve so-
cured tho 44-hour week. Practically
everv firm bus conceded this demand.
tome, "™B BLOB ENVELOPE"
The Blui- Luvelopo," one of the crnzlcat
comedies evor written, will bo tho offc-rlnir
for next week nnd tlio Empress patrons will
bo -enabled to commenco thu Now Year with
two and n half hours of 'continuous laughter
After rending this wonderful comedy, George
Howard claims that it mnkes "Somo Baby"
look ike a funeral sorvice over a Chinese
highbinder. Tho plot of tho "Bluo Envo-
lopfl" contains one of tho greatest mixiips
thnt nny author has evor conceived, and tho
entiro Empress Stock Company will be kept
extremely busy in unravelling its many sido.
splitting complications. At this time of tho
year every ono should laugh and be happy,
and with this end in viow the Empress management has eelootod a number of the greatest laughing vehicles that lt was possible to
obtain, and aro starting this series off with
tho "Blue Envelope," which broko all
records for laughter during its Now York
run. ***
Trackmen In Line
Bukersfield, Cal. — Maintcnnnco-of-
way employees on the Santa Fo nnd
Southern Pacific railroads hnvo affiliated with thc United Brothorhood of
Mninlcnanco-of-Way and Railway Shop 11918,
Employoos.
PANTAGES
* »Mt  W.«k
BILL'S  OOMEDY OIEOOT"
POETEE J. WHITE
     Other Bij Features
»OOEPOB4TED USO
Bank of Toronto
..(84.000.UOO
** 03.000,000
Assets
Deposits
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT a-Tlnn Account ,„.*■ b.
opened it Th. Bank -of Toron"
Demon. r". "K**" °' ""> °r m">
_V. ». I°. """"* """mnn either
PWtj  mej  .Inn   choline,   or   denu.lt
a famllj or a arm , joint ,„,,„„, ,
often . mat enn-.nlenoe.   **
pnid on belanc**..
Intercut 1.
Vanconver Branch:
Oorur But-tan and Gambit strut.
_,_, _     _ Branchec at:
Victoria, lt.rrm,  Hew  WcrtmltuUt
NOTIOE OF CHANGE IN NAME
I, H. N. Honkola, of Svintula, B. 0.,
will, from Dm. 18th, 1018, bo known
on H. N. Hoinor.
Signed this 18th dny of Decembor,
H. N. HOMER.
Unionism Stands for
QUALITY
_ If unionism means anything to the consumer, it
means quality It represents the highest standard's of workmanship. And it is but natural
that the union workman demands quality both in
material and craftsmanship. In dental work,
which boars a moro intimate relationship to the
individual than any other manufactured product,
™s,llorfi; m one'8 mouth- 1uality *<* >»o8
essential. "Cheap" dentistry is an abomination.
If your own teeth have decayed and some or all
of them arc missing, you should have them re-
placed by a dentist who .guarantees quality and
who is in Bympathy with the union ideal.
_ Tho highest paid skilled work-
mashlp—tlio vory finest of materials—tho most rcnsomiblo
price*   Thoso I guarantoo yon.
Opposite
Woodwud'i
DR. LOWE
Vine Dentiitry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT FMDAY_
-..December 27, Wis
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA PEDERAHOWSr
THE AMERICAN CLOTHES SHOP
SPECIAL
SHOWING
100 MEN'S SUITS
SATURDAY AT
$25.00
-,*^
The
AU
Union
Store
for
Men
New Arrivals in Arrow Shirts
$1.75
We wish to impress upon you
men that this special offering of
Suits possesses quality which
would ordinarily Command the
price of $35 or $40. They possess
a pre-war standard of tailoring
arid quality of materials which
enables us to state with emphasis
that they are the best selection of
Suits that this store has ever
offered.
We want you to investigate this
offering from every angle. There
are Suits here for the young, fellow who likes the belted or pinchback styles, or for the conservative
man who prefers the quiet three-
button sack. The materials are
all-wool Worsteds, Serges and
Homespuns. Shown in Blue,
Brown, Grey and all the wanted
patterns.
Analyzed from every point of
view, we do not think these values
can be equalled elsewhere. Come
in and look these over.
T. B. ANDREWS
53 HASTINGS WEST
A
Workers Are Robbed at the
Point of Production by
Present System
In a letter to tho Daily World of recent duto a brilliant economist, Walter
Foster-by namo, states that "surplus
capital" "may roprcsont tho savings
of n thrifty working man during, say,
twenty years, and amount to $10,000.
Thia money ho Invests (morely as nn illustration) in a laundry businoss, that
being his occupation. Ho is thus a
capitalist and also a benefactor and
a crodit to tho community, sineo he
finds work for a hundrod others, otc.,
It is nobody's business if he makes SO
or 100 per cent, for tho wago slave
who is any good at all can, by merely
investing $100 in a kit of tools, command 100 per cent, per-,month."
It is gratifying to learn that this
thrifty (?) working man invests this
money (merely os an illustration). This
economist doesn't illustrate how tho
"wage slavo" saves $500 a yoar for
20 years when tho average wago for
tho past 20 years hasn't amounted to
much moro than $500 a year. Supposo
"merely ns an illustration" that evory
worker had been thrifty and had aaved
B "The Home af Goad Shoes"
ICtlARDSDHS
649 HASTINGS. W.   Near Granville.
164 Pair of Men's
Slater, Hartt and
Bell Boots at
$7.85
OREBB'S SOLID LEATHER WORK BOOT, $5.00
A leather bench-made boot with hand-sewn sole. A boot that
you pay $6 or $7 for elsewhere.   All sizes.
The mere fact that these boots carry the above mentioned
famous names tells most men that at this remarkably low price
they represent big values. They are shown in seven different
lasts, including high toe, easy too swing last, tho broad flat
toe and the popular recede toe with broad shank and low, flat
heel. They aro shown in all thc wanted shades of brown and
black. The leathers are all good quality—kid and calf, as well
as kangaroo.   Shown with Neolin and leather d_j QC
soles.  AH sizes.  All $10 and $12 values at yl.OD
this amount nnd invested it in a laundry business or nny othor old business,
whero on earth would ho flnd the 100
othors to work for him unless Waltor
Poster suggests that thoy would
oil got thoir living by doing ono another's wushing. Nol Mr. Postor, you
hod hotter guess again. Tour fantastic
schemo won't hold water; tho workers
liavo not nil got tho opportunity to
become capitalists) if thoy did tho
capitalist system would havo gono into
tho disenrd long ago. If it wcro possiblo for tho workers to amass tho fabulous (I) wealth as suggested tho slave
market would long ago havo boon do-
plotcd and without slaves tho so-
callod wealth of tho capitalist is absolutely useloss, for it is labor that produces all wealth, not figures on papor.
Tho possession of a kit of tools doesn't
solvo tho problom oithor, for a man
could invest a million dollars in a kit
of tools but unloss tho gots an opportunity to uso thom they aro worthless;
ho doesn't rent tho tools out, ho sells
his labor powor, in which is contained
the skill to uso thoso tools. Tho moro
possession of the tools cutB no ilguro
whatever nnloss thoy hanen to bo tho
complicated mechanism known ns the
toola or machinery of wealth production; in thnt caso thero oro largo numbers of Blaves wniting for tho opportunity to pay tho boss a tribute for
allowing them to uso theso tools. If
this brilliant thinker's (f) rousoning is
correct tho problem df tho ages is
solved. All thnt is necessary is for
tho workors to invest one, two, threo
or four hundrod dollars in u kit of tools
in ordor to collect that nmount month-
ly. This proposition is passed on to thc
unemployed gratis, so thoy had bettor
make a raid on tho junk stores nnd buy
whilo tho buying is good.
If it hns boon possible for tho thrifty
workor to snve $500 a year during tho
past 20 years, whon tho nvcrngo wngo
hns boon around that flguro, how is it
that after a fow days on striko thc
shipyard workers, who havo boon receiving such fabulous wngos, aro in
such poor circumstances, for tho Daily
Sun reports thnt "Statements nro made
by men supposedly well informed thnt
the strike is not a popular one with tho
mnjority of tho mon, they fooling vory
keenly tho fnct of boing out of employment nnd forced to get along on
scant funds during tho Christmas son*
son." Thc article in which this state-
ment wns contained was headod "Black
Christmas for 3000 Strikers," ond tho
question nrisoa what has becomo of thc
,♦500 a year that thoso men should havo
savcdl Surely u goodly number of
them havo been thrifty. This statement is sufflclent refutation of Mr. Foster's statements ro tho possibilities of
tho workers amassing a fortuno
through tho excrciso of habits of
thriftincss. Tho excrciso of habits of
thrift hns boen forcod upon tho workers nnd if thoy become ony more
thrifty there will bo grent dnnger of
them storving to death, so Mr. Poster
would do well to got down and study
nnd by so doing ovolvo in his fortilo
Further  Donations  Bring
the Fund Up to Over
$15,000
The following nro the additional donations to tho Laundry Workers' striko
fund up to and including December 25s
Previously acknowledged  414,305.10
City Hail staff         20.00
Bricklayers  -       60.00
Cigarmakers  —  —       25.00
Musicians         33.00
Bakors            11.00
Typographical          43.75
Shipwrights       200.00
Steam Enginoers        175.00
Longshoremen        100.00
OU Befincry Workors        25.00
Ladies' Aux. Machinists         25.00
City Hall Staff .        80.00
Ons Workors          20.00
Longshoremen  ...-..-._      200.00
A REMINDER OF
THE ROBERTS CASE
The Man Who Laid Charge
of Sedition Is to Be
Deported
On Decomber 5, in North Vancouvor,
Thomas Blake waa arrested by Chief of
Polico Lifton on a charge of folso pro-
tonco. He was handed ovor to tho immigration officials for deportation. It
is expected that Blake will bo sont to
England, whero ho is wanted, it is alleged, on a chargo of fraud against an
insuranco company. Blake claimed to
bo a returned soldior who had lost an
arm in Franco, but the polico question
the truth of hiB assertion.
Blako, along with A. F. Eissock, a
representative of the International Correspondence Schools, was implicated
in having T. B. Boberts of Silverton, and socrotary of tho Minors
Union thero, arrested on a chargo of sedition. The minors aro convinced that
tho wholo thing waa a frame-up by tho
company officials, to remove Boberts
for his activity on behalf of tho miners.
Boberts was acquitted of the charge at
the trial at Nelson, but if this typo of
man is .allowed to run loose making
charges, such as was preferred against
BobortH, no ono Is safe.
LAUNDRY WORKERS
Total
$15,262.95
FBED KNOWLES.
brain (!) some scneme that will not
be sack a pipedream.
Tho reconstruction germ is manifesting Itself in various ways, of which
tho foregoing is one, the principal
symptom of the presenco of thiB germ
boing in many cases shown by signs
of insanity. On tho other hand bodios
that havo originally contained tho
germs of insanity suddonly becomo
rensonablo whon affected with the reconstruction germ. . A notnblo illustration of this tendoncy is shown in tho
Vancouver World recently, when it editorially states as follows:
"Tho British democracies are floun-
doring deep in what thoy call reconstruction problem." . . . "Ono domocracy, that of Canada, has not yet
evolved a clear idea where it stand or
how to win through." . . . "Tho general bolief soems to bo that reconstruction ia merely tho grabbing of more
trade, the growing of moro wheat, tho
securing of moro population." , . .
"Theso aro good onough things in'
thomselves, but they havo ono drawback—they aro not reconstruction."
To read this editorial, onc would almost think at times that they woro
reading the preamble to a document
such as "Labor and tho Now Social
Ordor," issuod by tho British Labor
Party, when such expressions are rend
as, "What is needed is a renewed social and economic structure,'' and
"What is defectivo must bo pulled
down nnd a new and better building
erected, in which tho glaring defects
of woalth and povorty must bo remedied." "This," says tho World, cannot be done by passing resolutions; it
con only bo done by taking thought,
by getting the 'beat minds,' by whicli
is meant skilled social architects—
those who are afflictod with an incurable propensity for reasoning nnd reflecting—nnd by gotting thom to
work."
Tho noxt order on the agenda will bn
the canning oF the oditor of tho World,
if ho goes on in that strain much longer, unless he is under tho impression
that tho day of Labor is at hand and
is proparing to get on the wngon, If
that is tho cuse ho would be well advised to get out and servo an apprenticeship amongst those who do the
world 'a work, lie will thus be enabled
to catch tho viewpoint of tho worker
and thereby be enabled to become one
of thoso social architects. Thoro ia a
marked scarcity of this class of being
in the scnts of the mighty at prosent
and it ia hopeless to look to thom for
any constructive effort. Tho World
apparently recognizes this, although it
still persists in boosting thp aggregation of numbskulls at present holding
down the jobs at Ottawa and leaving
thc few to run tho country by order-
in-council. That tho development nf
trado ia all that the minds of tho rob-
bors who rulo the roost contains is
moto, hence the Siberian expedition,
plainly apparent, even to thc oditor of
tho World. An editorial in the Province of October U0, aaysi "Where
ahall tho surplus be soldt" Some muat
bc sold abroad.   It ia the outside sale
nt Ihe ffovorninottl is nskod to pro*
tho talk of Sir Herbert Holt about the
growth of Bolshoviki tendencies, and
tho increases in tho personnel and jur-
[liction nf tho Northwest Mounted
Police.   The latest news ia   that   Sir
Horbort Holt iB head of thi!	
North American Company, whlnh is
formed for tlie purpose of sending
gooda to the Enst, more particularly
Siberia, China and Manchuria. Out of
the goodness of thoir hearts these philanthropists are going to send goods to
lho Buffering millions in Siberia, etc.,
to bo aold for profit. In the vory near
futuro a conference of representatives
of Labor in the four western provinces
will bc held, and if the pflwett that bo
want society reconstructed let them
leave the job to this conference and it
will be done to tho king'a taate.
PAGEfWE
BUSSIA  IN  CENTRE   OF  WOELP
STAGE.
(Continued from page 1)
.with a vengeful desiro against tho
western democracies that soncr or later
would lead to new conflicts."
"Good governmont ia highly desir-
ablo for Bussia, but solf-government ia
better, Tho Russians cannot bo taught
self-government by an invnding army
demanding ropayment of debts. Every
groat nation haa to go through the
fiery ordeal of self-instruction. ftuiwia
can emcrgo from the semi-barbaric
atato of tho lato czar's reign only by
fighting her own battles for herself.
France had a far worse period thnn
Russia's terror before tho French
learned the true meaning of democracy-
Nations that have passed through the
ordeal themselves ahould bo willing to
givo time for tho birth throes of a
now democracy."
Thoro is no doubt but that the Reds
on the othor aide of tho line aro doing
their bost, but tho material they have
to work upon and tho brutal nature of
thoir master class makes it uphill work.
It appeara to the student that tho proposed expedition from the United
States will bo a largo affair and that
tho reda will not be ablo to prevent it.
The economic situation, is such that
the capitalists of tho United States
must move somewhere and quickly; a
war is to them almost a necessity. This
is the reason for tho revival of tho
Mexican affair. Toko careful note of
tuo following item from tfte Province
and you will obsorve how rnpidly
things aro moving to a oulmination:
'' Washington, Dee. 10.—Tho proposed leaguo of nations may call upon
the United States to settle unstable
condtions in Mexico. This development
was foreseen here today by men in
touch with Mexican and American governmental affairs.
"Great Britain may evon ask that
a stable government bo established in
Mexico, without waiting tho creation
of a league of nations, somo officials believe.
"The recent Tampico clash, though
of n minor naturo; tho raid on tho
Hiblcr ranch; tho autlawry that makes
travel in Mexico unsafe, and, abovo
all, tho squalor, poverty and diseaso
long rampant in that country, aro assigned aa reasons for a cleanup,
"Tho United States is keeping close
tab on tho situation. The humanitarian principles laid down by President
Wilson aro regarded as likely ultimately to stimulate somo action in Mexico."
The ontrance of the Unitod States
into tho war on the working class is
tho beginning of the last groat act of
the tragedy, Lenino says -we shall have
fifteen yoars of incoasant conflict. Tho
following item discloses the fact that
the Allies aro endeavoring to rcstoro
the old regimo to powor in the land
of tho late czar:
"London, Doc. 19.—Renewed interest in the Bussian problem is the outgrowth of persisten rumore that a
great Allied expedition is planned for
occupying Petrograd and Russia, suppressing the Bolshoviki- governmont
and establishing order during the present winter. Tho newspapers publish
complaints from soldiors who allogo
thoy have been orderod tot Russia. The
press of all shades of political opinion
hint that great opposition will dovolop
if an attempt is mado to carry out such
a plan.
"'An attack on tho newly-formed
democracy, however mistaken might be
the ideas held about that democrncy,
would lend to disappointment in somo
circles,' said tho Chronicle.
"This is regarded as significant, bo-
cause the Chronicle is accepted aa Promier Lloyd Georgo 'a personal organ.
But this comment is mild compared
with tbat of some of tho othor newspapers.
' 'Boforo any big military^ development, such as committing this nation
to wnr with Russia, tho people of this
eountry should bo consultod,' tho Express said.
On ft Big Scale
Tho Manchester Guardian has beon
hinting for several days that tho govornment is proposing to ontor Russia on
big scalo.
"'We might bo Bending machinery
and tools to Russia, instead of machine guns,' declared tho Nows.
Tho situation in Siberia is alao bo-
coming more unstable, na military
chiefs succeed each olher in chaotic
fashion. Conditions in Northern Russia are somewhat screened by a veil of
silence, but tho Allied operations thero
appear to have boen practically stabilized. Tho ono thing that seems certain is that there will be no extension
or chango in tho present policy until
tho Allied attitudo and plans regarding
Russia nro more fully explained at Ihe
peaco conference.
"Russians in London nro divided in
their opinions. Representatives of the
old regimo aro koen to see a big mill-
Ford Suits at
$37.50
aro openly recognized by publie
and "trade" alike as boing not
only tho Ford "Leader" but
alio the Leaders for Stylo and
Valuo throughout the city and
provinco. Thore Is so houso in
B. C—leavo alone Vancouver-
can givo tho terrific, real, standard, storling values, combinod
with highest style and perfeet
fit, that those grand 137.50 Ford
custom-made, hand-cut and man-
tailored suits do. Nono attempt
to.
OVERCOATS an  now  g<
style.   Wo make   tho   best
money-saving prices.
SUIT
HIOHBSt
QUADS       MEN'S from
WOMEN'S from
UNION
BOU8B
338
Hastings
St. West
Sooth Side
Between Homer
and  Hamilton
tary demonstration by tho Allies carried out. Moderate of tho typo of
Kerensky soy thoy would wclcomo Allied intervention of tho Americans predominated. They declare no others
would bo welcomed by tho Bussian Lib-
orals.
"Genoral Eugene do Miller, former
chief of staff of tho 6th Bussian Army
on thp cast front, who has gono to
Archangel to command tho Bussian
troops co-operating with tho Allies, estimated that between 200,000 nnd 300,-
000 men would bo needed on tho northern front and a similar forco in tho
Ukraine. He expressed tho hopo America would provido the bulk of thoso
troops. He bcliovos the -winter is tho
best season for operations, as sleds can
be used for transport, whereas the
spring mud would hempor movements."
All thoir schemes are, however,
doomed to failure and will be smashed
to matchwood by the developments of
the next fow months. The working
class is aroused as nevor before ana
state of things for themselves and
theirs is apparent. Tho policy of the
proletariat must henceforth bo "audacity," "audacity" and more "audacity," for tho power of the capitalist class is crumbling. Millions of
working men aro on tho march to the
co-operative commonwealth and the
tramp, tramp, tramp of their feot can
bo plainly hoard. There is no power
in the world of capitalism that can im-
podo or retard their advance The err
all along the line is forward, forward,
and tho march will continuo until the
awakened proletariat reaches the promised land—tho land that is n country
and a homo for tho worker, where poverty is net known and slavery in uy
form impossible.
Urge New Libor lawi
St. Paul, Minn.—At the next lcgisla-
|turo organizod labor   will   nrge   the
passage of state insurance to roplaee
private Insurance, a pay-when-due law,
a*one-day's-rost-in-sovan   law,   health
._ __    —.Insurance and occupational diseases to
its determination to tght for a bettor | be included in tbo compensation oet.
In a Class by
Themselves
TWIN BUTE OVERALLS and Work
Shirts lead other makes for several
reasons.   Superiority of material and
superiority of workmanship (Union Made)
insures their continued supremacy.
Here's An Exceptional
Feature
TWIN BUTE overalls are the only overalls
made in Vancouver with the continuous fly
and pocket strap. This feature adds months
to the life of a pair of overalls.
Buy  Vancouver Union   Made   Overalls
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
'_msmsa&^mS«_mt%W*^^
VALLEY DAIRY
BUTTEB
Try u pound of
this Golden Oood*
ness,
Valley Dairy Butter is tlio butter
that betters the
broad.
Prico 670 tho lb.
Delivered
Valley Special Butter
"A pound of golden goodness"
Did you aver watch Grnndmothor at tho churn—remember how bho dumped
jn thoso hif? crocks of delicious cream—whon next you t-mV it, then' wns but
it mass of huge goldon flakoaf Thin was "worked" until the Inot tiny drop
nf milk was kneaded ont nnd thero remained just ony bip nugget of gold*
That ih why VALLEY SPECIAL BUTTEB is superior to moat buttor you
now hay—wo find that Grandmother's mothodB are nlilt the bent. It costs a
trifle more, but it is certainly worth it. Ask the woman who UBca it. She
will nay "It's the butter that bettors thc broad."
Price tbo Found, Delivered, 57c
Fbono Fairmont 663
Valley Dairy
Solo  Distributors J.  M.  Steves Milk
Canada rood Board License 0-18240 t>i_GE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY	
..Docombor 27, 1911
We take this opportunity to wish
our many patrons
The Compliments
of
the Season
May the New Year bring you
happiness, cheer and prosperity.
WILSONS'
- -wo» *ia-M     Exclusive Men's Store
BEGAL
SHOES
EEOAL
SHOES
17.50 to I1XSO
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Cambie Streot
fEDEPATIOMST
The following letter is publishod by' 'reign supreme.   Tho real heart of the
*<S3S£*
request    of   tho   Shipyard    Laborers
Union:
To tho Officers nnd Members of the
Shipyard Laborers, .Riggers and
Fasteners.
Greeting: I believo at thia time It
is fitting that a fow ideus should bo
circulated from this offico to our affiliated local unions, inasmuch ns closer
affiliation of all workers is now desirable, and also because a movo in the
direction of organization nlong industrial lines is contemplated in tho shipyards of tho Pacific coast and elsewhere. %
There are a number of paramount   _?&!&'__^FaT__,
reasons why tho workers should unite
and bund themselves together in a solid
mass.   An effort will be made in this
In the midst of all tho fulsomo flattery of Presidont Wilson we do not
forgot thnt he said that Bolgium and
Gormany wero fighting for tho same
reason, and that it did not concern tho
United Stntes.
It never would have concorned tho
Unitod States if the Germans had not
interfered between them and tho hugo
profits they wore making out of the
Allies.
And then to excuse his sudden conversion Wilson coined tho now historic phrase, "Making tho world safe
for democracy."
Ho may have spoken the truth by
accident even while ho laughed in his
sleeve at tho people's credulity, as politicians do. It is possiblo that out of
a war botwoen rival imperialisms domocracy may indirectly emerge, but it
looks as if it would havo a hard struggle.
Its patron does not scorn inclined
to say: "Welcome littlo stranger"—
not when ho is landing troops in
Buaiaa.
Neithor do any of the Allied governments offer it a home. They hope democracy will soon be as dead as the soldiers who fought to make the world
safe for it.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
AH That the Law Will ADow.
Ws Desorra Trade Unloa Patronago
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
Shoes for the
New Year
THE RIGHT KIND-QUALITY FOOTWEAR
UNION MADE
Leckie's Men's Work Boots $6.50 and $7.00
Leckie's Dress Boots $8.00 and $9.00
LECKIE'S BOYS' RED STITCH BOOTS-
Extra quality, sizes 1 to 5'/_ $4.75
Youths, extra quality, sizes 11 to 12 $4.00
Boys' and Girls' School Boots—the famous STEELITE Brand
—double wear in overy pair.
Visit our Economy Basement for the greatest Shoe Values in
tbe city.
BUY
WAR-SAVINGS STAMPS
Buy them now for $4.00
You can cash them on
Jan. 1st, 1924, for 5 Dollars
GOVERNMENT SECURITY
Go to any Money-Order Post Office, Bank or other
place showing the W.-S.S. sign and buy
War-Savings Stamps for $4.00 each.
Your money will earn $1.00
interest in live years.
Thrift Stamps 25c. each   16 exchangeable for 1 W.-S.S.
$5.°i for $4."
i and other letters to ahow tho absolute
need, particularly among tho workers
of the North American continent, of
forming an organization that will embrace all workers, bo thoy laborers) mechanics, draughtsmen, teachers or what
not; for no man who ia following tho
trend of world cventB can bo blind to
the necessity of establishing or creating among tho workers a sentiment demanding that immediato steps be taken,
to provide for an organization that will
truthfully and conscientiously demand
and provido, a social and economic condition that will mean the emancipation
of tho laboring cI&sscb.
It should not bo necessary to remind
you that previous to tho signing of the
armistice, no effort had been made to
provide machinery for taking caro of
the Labor situation durinc the period
botwoen the signing of the armistice
and the reversion to normal industrial
activities, at leaat tho Amorican Fedoration of Labor had not formulated nny
reconstruction policy for tho post war
period, and consequently organized labor is confronted with a situation, thc
seriousnoss of which is yot realized only
by comparatively few of tho mon in
thc orgainzed labor movoment. What
has been done to insure thc workor security against tho continued machinations of tho plutocratic war profiteers!
What haa been dono to offsot tho possibility of thousands of our fellow workers being thrown on thc streets out of
omploymont; indeed right at this timo
thousands ure being dischnrged from
various plants and shipyards! What
has been done to tako caro of tho hundreds of thousands of soldiers about to
be released from tho army and who will
swell tho ranks of unemployed? What
I say has been done to handlo these
and numerous quostions of vital importance to the workers of America! How
many times has it been said in places
widely separated that sufficient to the
day is the evil thereof! Tho writer has
himself boon told on sevoral Occasions
by men prominent in the Labor movement that tho future would take care
of itself, Tho "futurp" is right on us,
nnd we are unprepared to grapple with
tho great issues boforo us.
Have our leaders at headquarters of
tho American Federation of Labjr realized the full significance of America's
war cry that "tho world must bo mado
safo for Democracy V*
It is_ with regret that one has to say
that tho high ideal and purposo of Prosidont Wilson'a declaration has been
prostituted by tho insidious work of a
plutocratic class, which by its fabulous
wealth is ablo to control governmental
departments to such an extent that the
term "Democracy" becomes a misno-
mor. In fnct, tho cry that "Tho world
must bo made safo for Domocracy,"
haa degenerated into a weak, ompty,
trite romark; a platitude of tho worst
kind.
Democracy moans briefly: "Government by tho people, collectively by oleetod representatives; political and social
equality."  Have wo got this!
Bobby Burns haa said that "tho best
laid schemes of mice and men gnng aft
ngley." And surely something has gono
amiss with tho calculations of hundrods
of thousands of honest American toilers. With what aspirations wo have
worked and slaved and bought Liborty
Bonds and war savings and thrift
stamps, and subscribed willingly to
evory patriotic demand mado on tho
public purse! Castles in the air! GIuss
houses!
What wc have right now against us
is a richer and more powerful combination of plutocrats, dominating Wall
Stroet, and in consequence the industries that arc the life blood of tho
country; and that combination of exploiters, par excellence, is marshalling
its forces for a rapid attack on tho
forces of organizod labor in the form of
a "liquidation of wages." Who is responsible for this condition at this
time? Would you say, no one in partic-
lar, and that evory ono is to blainol
Be thia as it may, there is this much to
be said, thc officers of the American
Federation of Labor have not been on
tho job for organized labor. The American Federation of Labor, as consti-
tuled, has, in the judgment of the west
nt least, sadly forgot to function as n
Labor organization in tho truest sense.
And why! Becauso there has been no
co-ordination of effort ,no unnnimity of
purpose nmong its Affiliated unions, no
cohesion, und because everything was
sacrificed at tho behest of u plutocratic
government. Wo havo seen tho sad
spectacle of organized labor divided
agninst itself. Jurisdictional factionalism, cruft jealousy, cr^ft aristocracy,
has boon, and still is rife, and last but
not least, tho supercilious attitude
adopted toward tho laborer and in some
cases the helper. When nil "Inborers"
arc united into ono fellowship with ono
.purpose in view, working us with ono
pulse for the benefit of all, irrespective
of trade, craft or occupation; when
our jealousies and differences havo been
eliminated and a feeling of trustfulness
and co-operation generated through tho
seriod ranks of tlio workers; when mechanics say to the laborer: Your flight
is my fight, your condition affects my
condition, your labor is as important to
the scheme of tilings as mino, let you
and I join hands in a bond of fellow-
ship to meet the common enemy, so that
a solid front nan be presented against
all attacks; then will an organization
spring into cxisU-nce that will defy all
attempts at disruption, at creating dis-
sonsion, and then tho death knell of
plutocratic intolerance in this country
will have been sounded. And why not?
Why is it that the "common laborer"
has'always been held in contempt? Is
it craft eoiiHcuHiHiicHS instend of duss
consciousness that lms held sway for sn
many years. Thn "common laborei;"
is the main support of thc social plutocrats, and as this clnss outnumbers by
far all other clusses of workers combined, it is the source from which all
civilizations have derived their chief
support .and if it woro not for the de-
spincd laborer, chaos and collapse would
working class has always beon in common labor, and it is among tho diversity of typos of men thnt mako up the
ranka of "common labor" that the
honest and noblest specimens of thc
working class aro to bo found. Happily
of lato a moro progressive feeling has
grown into being, and it looks as if
common labor today is tho foundation
upon which the lubor movement is organizing, and no oae will deny thc fact
that if once tho untold numbers of
"common laborers" are organizod, the
emancipation of tho workers will be
oasy.
But to havo a condition that will pro
wo must have a new organization,
which ean bo called an "Industrial Organization." Lot us not be discouraged by tho fact that similar attempts
have been mado before, and that thc
failuro of othors is sufficient reason to
ridicule tho attempt as outlined in the
resolution passed by tho recent convontion of tho Pacific Coast Metnl Trades
Council, to form tho nucleus of a now
movement intended by tho supporters
to grow up to such proportions as to
dominate and control tho Amoricun Labor movement; an organization industrial in character in the broadest sense
that will admit of tho closest affiliation
of all workers into one huge fraternity.
"Procrastination is tho thief of time."
Bearing this old proverb in mind, let
us givo the proposod now organization
our wholo-heartcd support. A stato of
mind is often times responsible for tho
success or failure of a new venture, but
if "wo all say that'' power of will,'' will
bo our solo guide in our efforts to make
our aspirations an accomplished fact,
thc consummation of this now organization will quickly come about.
Thia letter might bo aptly brought to
a conclusion*-by giving a quotation
from B. G. Ingorsoll, "Whon I take
into consideration the agony of civilized life, tho failure, the poverty, tho
anxiety, the tears, tho withered hopes,
tho bitter realities, tho hunger, the
crimo and tho shame, I am almost forced to say that cannibalism, after all,
is tho most merciful form by which man
over lived upon his fellow man. It is
impossible for a man with a good heart
to bo satisfied with this world as it is
now. No man can truly enjoy even
what ho knows to bo his own, knowing
that millions of his fellow men are' in
misery and want. When wo think of
tho famished, wo feci that it is almost
heartless to eat, almost ashamed to bo
well dressed and warin. Ono feels ns
though his heart was as cold as their
bodies." Docs our present parent body
provido tho remedy for tho elimination
of d civilization that subsists on conditions that freely demand the lives and
sustenance of the toiling masses! Certainly notl
I have in mind an old song in which
theso words aro contained: "With a
long, long pull, and a strong, Btrong
pull, otc." which niight very well bo
applicable to the present contingency.
So, let's go!
With best wishes,
W. HABDY,
Secretary-troasuror.
Big Meeting to Be Held
on Saturday
Night
On Sunday last two meetings wero
held; ono at Chaso Biver and tho usual
evening meeting at tho Foresters' hall.
At tho evening meeting, Organizer
Dave Rees dolivorcd an address on
"Tho History and Advantage of
Trados Unions." The crowd, which had
increased over that of last mooting,
wns most attentive, throughout. Considerable businoss was transacted. Final preparations are being ;nude for a
publie meeting on Saturday evening
next, when International Board Member Oaddy and Orgainzer Hendrickson
will speak. Dave ltccs will occupy the
chair.
Tho usual magnanimous spirit of tho
trades unionists was again demonstrated when the local, without official invitation donated tho sum of $25 towards
tho Christmas troo for tho soldiers' kiddies left stranded owing to tho "Flu"
ravages.
Mr. Jacka's Letter
Editor B. C. Federationist: In tho issue of Nov. 22nd, tho lotter ontitlcd
"Power," by Mr. Jacka, is ono of interest and calls for comment. Tho
writer deala with "Power" in the abstract. That is, ho but names thc
qualities requisito for powor, which in
tho concrote form, is activity or motion
making for tho fulfilment or achievement of an object or purposo,
Howover, if I mistake not, the writer
had something in view when he wrote
that letter, and between the lines I
gather ho wishes to convoy to tho work-
are the idea that positiveuess, assurance, conviction, determination, etc.,
aro tho nocessury qualities thoy must
bo the possessors of, if they are to bo
"tho power" in society.
Often it is said :;knowlodgo is power;" but knowlcdgo is of littlo uso if
a concrete objective cannot bo a result.
How does this apply to society! Society is mado up of individuals, human
beings, who havo grouped themselves
according to recognition of thoir particular needs for solf-proservntion and
security. Each group struggles with
the othors. Each has a policy or lino of
tactica it endeavors to pursue in order
to dominnto tho other groups. For this,
each group builds up un organization,
and establishes institutions requisito to
its necda, in which it entrenches and
fortifies itself.
Tho powor of tho dominant group do-
pends upon tho amount and kind of
prossoro or forco it can bring to benr
upon tho other groups; nt ono timo, ono
kind of pressure; at another time,
something else, just according to circumstances.
Just so with institutions, and methods directing thoso institutions. For
instanco, parHumontarlanism was necessary for thc days of commercialism,
and tho national capitalism desires
ciithor its roturn or its institution, but
King Financo has becomo tho dominating factor in modern capitalism, and
such methods of direction of affairs
will not suit his needs. Dictatorship
and absolutism aro at tho birth and
doath of overy social system. Cabinet
government with its "direct action,"
issued through orders and proclamations, is absolutely necessary to advanced capitalism with its needs of
grenter and over greater oxpansion, and
it is just aa arbitrary and autocratic
n3 nny form of monarchial despotism,
only with theBo differences; Firstly, it
provides moro safety for tho individual
ns cabinota stand or fall together; secondly, It is more hypocritical, as it
mukcH uso of tradition to givo a show
of liberality and bonovolenco. It
thrives on deception,
But knowledge and clear reasoning,
coupled with the force of porpetual
want and the everlasting fear of insecurity, have themselves forced the working class to understand thoir condition, nnd made thom poor steadily and
fearlessly into thc ninss of deception
surrounding their position as a subject
ed enslaved clasa.
As such thoy are oppressed beyond
endurance. They havo resisted and
fought oppression with thc best meanB
nt their disposal. Thoy have built up
their unions, fought for recognition, resisted tlie encroachments of capital, and
the building has been hard work. Yet
even this building or structure may not
be permanent, as every changing condition demands new methods, and evory
advancement and chango" made by capitalism has left n corresponding mark
upon thc organizations of the working
class.
All this hns been experimental cduca*
Washington—Tho children's bureau
of the department of Labor announces
thnt permits issued to children 12 nud
1-4 years old in the District of Columbia, beeause of poverty, woro greater
this year by 285 per 'cent than lust
year. These penults are issued by the
judge of tho juvenilo court upon proof
o'f noed.
Columbus, Ohio—Secretary-Treasurer
Donnelly of tho Ohio State Federation
of Labor, calls attention to thc agitation for a state Cossack system in Ohio
and urges trado unionists in the various
localities to acquaint their legislators
with the real purpose of this scheme.
tion. Still, this cannot last forever,
und further oppression and injustice
will oither break tho fighting spirit of
tho masses of workers, as it is intended
it shnll, or it will produce the opposite
result, which is a determination to
stand it no longer. And this is tho
moro likely.
Tho working class is a nation within
itself, and as far as numbers aro concerned, n great nation. Whnt prevents
this great nation with ita vital need of
security jttbm becoming the dominant
power! It is becauso it thinks it must
uso what might bo called "traditional
institutions," through which to work
its "will." Nothing is more erroneous.
It is not to bo expected that the cluss
in control has givon its slaves tho weapon to free themselves. Thc privilege,
"the vote,' Ms ono thing; what is ob-'
toincd by its use, another,
Tho voto, representation, delegation,
are functions wliich can bo both real
and a make-boliovo. Under tho present
syatem thoy aro real to the vurious
groups of capitalistic interests becauso
tho capitalistic state is their building,
but thoy aro a mnko-beliof to the working clnss. They are renl things to
them only in their own council system,
and,will becomo moro effoctivo when
that council system becomes broadened
in its scope, wider in its aspect of social needB, whon, instead of boing merely Trades and Labor Councils, otc., thoy
becomo governing councils, directing,
controlling and managing tho affairs of
nil socioty.
The council syatem of government is
tho only Bystem which can best sorvo
tho needs of tho working class. Why?
Firstly, because only bona fido workors
will bo admitted, as these aro tho only
noccssary factor in society. Secondly,
bocauso thoy allow direct action in immediately meoting the neods of the
community, as tho good and well-being
of that body of individuals will be of
tho greatest importance. Tho coBt matters not. Thirdly, becauso its form
makos overy workor, every local, overy
district local up to the control body, a
vital part of tho syBtom. It is a wonderful chain linking up tho individuals
for tho accomplishment of tho beBt for.
tho majority, containing within itself
the principle "Ono for all, and all for
one."
Prolonged deliberations aro a farce,
necessary only for capitalistic taxpayers, who aro always trying to avoid
paying for the upkeep of their state, especially in "poaco" .times, but will
spend millions to protect it from tho
invader without.
A statement made as far back ns
1882 by Mr. Labouchero, in the British
Houso of Commons, is very significant.
He told tho Houso that "tho pooplo
were tired of tho deluge of debate, and
would some day substitute for it tho
direct consultation of tho constituencies." (Pago 41, Maine's Populnr
Government.) Without a doubt, constituencies (territorial divisions) count
for littlo theso days, but tho group consultation has becomo n reality, and this
is proven by tho fact that Bankers Associations, Mnnufnctuorrs Associations,
otc, prcfor to moot tho cabinot in secrecy in ordor to propound and promulgate thoir plana.
It is for us to bear In mind that no
elass ovcrcamo oppression without a
struggle and persecution. That no clasa
becamo dominant by tho goodwill of ita
former oppressors. That every class instituted its own form of govornmont,
and assumed tho rolo of control because
it was bold enough to tako tho initiative. This boldness, however, was always backed up by tho knowledge of
tho amount of pressure It could bring
to bear againsj tho elements which
would thwart It.
Political powor means powor to on-
forco a lino of tactics for solf-prcserva-
tion and development. Any and ovory
means are but woapons to this ond. Not
any one can bo called the right and
only onc, becauso clrcumstancos altor
casos.
The British Labor Party has issuod a
programmo for the building of a now
social order. Tho programmo may bo all
right, but the drafting of programmes
is ono thing, and their achievement another. And thiB is thc point whereon
they fail.
They hnvo left out tho question, tho
manner of building, and who shall bc
tho builders. Howover, wo know the
builders must be tho working class;
they, and they alone, can fashion tho
material suitable for tho building. Tho
excavation for tho foundation will bo-
gin on tho day the* cry goes forth "all
power to tho councils." In tho process
of building, we shall have social order,
law and control. Socialisation will
tako the placo of decadent civilisation.
The building, Socialism, ib worth tho
offort. Tho will to build lies with., tho
workers.
F. A. C
Extra Trousers to Lower
Clothing Costs
Hundreds of men have suits the trousers of whieh are shabby,
but the coat and ve6t still capable of many years of usefulness.
An extra pair of trousers will save you buying a new suit. Wo
have such a broad selection here that it is an easy matter to
find a good combination for any coat and vest.
AT $3.75—A dark grey tweed
pant, mado with 5 pockets and
belt loops; a good wearing material and color; all sizes to 44
waist measure.   Price $3.75
AT $4.75—An assortment of patterns in medium and dark grey;
mado from a good quality and
woight of tweed cloth. Five
pockets and belt loops.  All sizes.
Price $4.75
AT $5.60 —Two good heavyweight tweeds to choose from. A
medium grey herringbone and a
dark grey diagonal. A warm,
hard-wearing pant.   All sizos to
44.    Prico $5.50
AT $5,75—These nro mado of
grey worsted cloths and nro extra good values; nout stripo patterns that aro dressy in appearance The pockets, finish and
trimmings aro first cluss. All
Blzes.   Prico  _ $5.75
CORDUBOY PANTS-Wo hav«
a full assortment of these la
threo grades, and nil popular
shades—brown, golden brown and
fawn; fivo pockets; belt loops
and cuff bottoms.   Prices, $4.90,
$8.60 and - $6.90
COTTON PANTS — For tho
money there is moro wear in a.
cottonado   or   moleskin   than   a
- tweed pant. Wo show three patterns in dark grey; made with
five pockets, belt loops and cuffed bottoms. Prices $2.50 and $3.00
ALL-WOOL BANNOCEBURN
PANTS—Thia is a full weight
all-wool 24-ounco Bnnnoekbum
tweed. Made specialty for the
man that wears mnckinaw cloth-
' ing. A pnirXof these will outwear two or threo pairs of ordinary pants for loggors, lumbermen and teamsters. All sizes,
Prico ~ -  $8.75
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1800
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
 $ 25,000,000
  $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits  .$ 15,000,000
Total A ssets _.   $360,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiah Weit
Indiei.
Also branchei in London, England, New York City and'Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branchei in Vancouver:
c Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Qranvillo,and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Comer Granville and Seventh Avenuo West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other pointi
in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an aeeonnt, on whieh intone   ii paid half-yearly at
current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vancouver Branch
O. W. FRAZEE, Vancouver,
Suparrteor (or B.O.
What's in a Name?
Io nndi-ul, tt* word "Orphmm"
■••aa tti Kit In the world—to Vea-
MB«r tb,
, Orpheum Cafe
■waat the belt aatliif place la town;
mono aad dancing in tb* aiMlng.
Drof In any Ua: Bl||ttt unloa
hoc*, la Van-Mam.
7» OEAKVItLB       Opp. Orpb.un
Lleenia No. 10-1761
ORPHEUM
"theatre11
PLAYING ORPHEUM CIR-
CU1T VAUDEVILLE
Matinee 2:80
Eveningi  8:20
Good (or ond ye.r'i ■ iiLcr!***'**** lo The  b.
_ f\    t_     1 /t 1 O. FoJarotlonlit, will In mill,.4 to .., id*
IU oub. Lards ^j^^«^<«.«*«•
d.y.
of  Van-son tor _,j.)
Pemlt when aold.-
The Practical Gift Is thc Most Desirable Gift
Goodwin's Shoes and Slippers for Men
ARE IN A CLASS BY THEMSELVES
The many years we've been catering to Men's Footwear needs
has taught us what the average man likes in Shoes and Slippers. That means, you'll flnd here thc snappiest, most likable,
most comfortable Shoes and Slippers at any stated priee a man
can obtain anywhere.
ABE YOU PARTICULAR ABOUT LEATHER?   ARE YOU A BIT
CRANKY ABpUT STYLE?
We anticipate ovory preference a man may have.  Just as wo 'vo built
our reputation for Mon 'h BhocB on sterling quality and roasonablo pricos,
so, too, we'ro prepared to moet men's neods today.
ABE YOU STRONG ON COMFORT AND FIT?  ABE YOU PARTIAL
TO MEDIUM OR BEOEDE TOE?
Mothers, Bisters, sweethearts and wives—buy a Goodwin Shoe er
Slippor Certificate—tho gift ho'11 appreciate most.    Any changes or
eorreetiouB cheerfully mado.
GOODWIN SHOE CO.
Goodwin's Oood Shoes
119 HASTINOS STREET EAST
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Dental Plates That
Restore the Expression
thnt bring buck to your (*ounJcnan£e tho natural linos—tho normal
contour—the expression you had Boforo you lost your tooth.
I havo always claimed that this was possiblo and in tho dental
plates turned out in tny laboratory havo reached a point sf cx-
cellonco which has been vexy gratifying to my patrons.
I will be glad to moot any porson needing a dental plato and show
them thc particular methods I follow and examples of my finished
work.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
SOS Hastings Street West, Cor. Seym,*...
Offlce open Tuesday ud Friday Evenings until 8 o'clock
I*B»7 Sins tatna U asms*
tary; taarwr parsattel
fiTsa.
PHOHl BIT. assi
IxamlsatUns FRIDAY...
....December 27, IBIS
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Men Like Our
Northern
Special
Blue Label Overall
Not simply because its the best
value in town, but because it is a
genuine comfort Overall—roomier than all other makes—two
inches higher in the waistband
'than other Overalls—covers any
stock garment of comparative
waist-measure—and is almost
unwearoutable. It's built to our
own specifications — and contains every good point that an Overall should possess. Built of a pre-war quality blue, black or stifel
stripe denim, which is guaranteed to outwear any
similar garment of same cost.
It's a money-saver.
Made by Union Labor for Union Men.
Price, per pair, $2.50
BOYS' AND GIRLS' CORNER
Canada Food Board Licemei 5-1482, 8-14890,10-4435,11-163
Granville and Georgia Streets
NEW KINGS AND RULERS.
By E. A. P.
How many oi you lave a great
grandfather* I know one littlo follow
who bus a groat, great grandmother
living. Sho is a very old womnn indued, us you can imugino, becauso
sometimes a grandfather is very old,
aud somo learned peoplo say we eau
add tweuty-livo years on for overy
timo wo suy "groat." This means wo
can expect a great, groat .grandmother
to bo fifty years older thun a grandmother.
Aud now I want you to go back with
me to the days when our grandmothers
and grandfathers, with ilfty "grouts"
in front, wore living in England. You
will seo such a atrango England. Each
freeman had bis own cottugo with its
little plot of ground so thut all had a
share of what camo from them. Just
think!    How lovely not  to havo .to
worry as to whero winter wood and /___ m__ „m bo a brother,
lOOd   wns   tn  hn   nhtniiiiuT        nut-   it   A'.A- -.     *  '
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for yout underfeed furnace)
'JtMlilK'i
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Phone
Seymour"1
Phone
iScumour
aio
1001 MAIN STBEET
Canadian Northern Railway
TBANSOONHNENTAL
Lowert Pouible Passenger Fares
—to—
SASTEBN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendant*
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTRICT PA8SENOEB AOENT, 60S HASTINGS W., VANOOUVER
Telephone Seymour S482
_\H__h
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite later TinpU
VAMOOUVBB. B. O.
—Htidoainnri for Labor Mm—
■bih—T6o snd 11.00 p« lay.
S4.00 per week and op.
Ufa at Bwaoaam Bales
COWAN   A   BROOEHOUS1
FBI-STUBS ABD PUBLISBBBS
Friatsrs to The "ridoritlonlit
Tha  Federatlonist  Is  prodaetd  trom
aar   ■•darn   newspaper   printing  plant.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
ONE OF TRE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods oan only be produced by
using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable—
Cascade is a UNION product from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
food was to bo obtained! But it did'
not last long, as some meu who did uot
desire to be fair, protendod to bo doing
tho bost for tho pooplo but wore really
getting tho land from them, and all
this • time, you know, *thoro wero no
manufacturers as wo understand them
today, so tho poople who had thc land
hud tho thing whieh meant food and
clothing for most of the poople, for
thoy eould say whother.' anybody
should allow tho cattlo to feed on this
land. They did not take it all, but
what was loft wag of very littlo use
for all tho people who roquircd food
and clothing.
Whut wero theso peoplo to dof If
peoplo nowadays had somothing which
was theirs because they wero in tho
world, aud thoy found somcono trying
to tuko this something from thfern, they
could send messugos all over tho world
in a day, but there wero no railways,
telephones, telegraphs or cables in
thoBo days, nothing but horseback and
foot travel, aid the poor people often
did not know they wero boing swindled
until it was too lato, and now all they
could do .was to work for tho man-who
had taken their land in ordor to bo
allowed to grow food, but the land was
atill kept by tho "lord of tho, manor/'
as they called thd men they worked for.
Doesn 't it socra too bad that tho honost
man should bo so treated?
This chango took up at least twelvo
of our "greats" and by tho time tho
grandfather  with  about forty  greats
was alive a very big chango came ubout
quito suddenly,   Duke William of Normandy mado a Buddon attack on England and won it at tho Battlo of Hastings.    Thon ho gave tho land to his
Norman friends and did not try to be
just to tho pooplo whoso .land he had
taken.   Ho was careful to "givo his people lands in many different parts of the
country so thot thoy could not get all
thoir men together to flght him without his getting to know in timo to bo
ready.   You soo ho knew that a number of pooplo working  togothor   had
moro powor than if they were separated.   Ho kno^yvalso that he had won
England by force and would have to
be ready for someone elso trying to do
the same, so ho aimed at having his
army ready, but ho mado suro nobody
cls-o should bo able  to get an army
against him.     So you can soo thoro
wore now two kinds of "forty great"
grandfathers.   Ono kind, tho English,
woro robbod of their homos, and th*
other kind, the Normans, woro mado
owners of this same land and the English'wcro not allowed to try to got it
back.   If they did try thoy were budly
punished,   so   that   others   should   be
afraid of trying.   But even this did not
stop them trying again and again to
get  buck what they knew should bo
theirs,  and somo  tried  much  harder
than   others.     Sometimes   tho   king
helpbd   tho  peoplo  becauso  he  found
thoso   who  held  the  land—barons  as
they   woro   cnlled—woro   banding   together to take away his power.   So you
seo ho helped tho poople in ordor to
help himsolf.    Sometimes ho  had  no
desiro to do good to the people and
would pay soldiers from other  countries, mercenaries they woro called because thoy didn't caro about right or
wrong, simply for the- money they wero
paid, and these mercenaries would fight
whom ovor thoy were paid   to   fight.
In spito of all, howover, thc barons
often ruled tho  land  moro  than   tho
king   himsolf,   and   when   the   great
grandfathers  and great grandmothors
with about thirty "greats" were living tho pooplo wero terribly opprcssod
by the barons and King Stephen was
too wenk  to check  them.    Tho noxt
king, Henry, partly stopped this.   Of
courso all this time tho former owners
of tho country were being crushed by
the batons and having to pay money
to tho kings for their armies.   By tho
timo their children and grandchildren
wero living their ruler was King John,
and bo cruel a ruler did he prove that
everybody in the land turned against
him, and finally mado him Bign a char-
tor   which  gavo  everybody  a  hotter
chanco, tho poorest pooplo included, and
lator othor pooplo as well as thc barons
wero ollowod to go to parliament to
mako laws.    It was a splendid man
named Simon do Montfort who fought
for our twonty-six-great-graudpnronts,
nnd  was  killed  by tho king'B  army
whilo doing so.   You seo, although the
barons   hnd  joined   with   tho   pooplo
against King John, it was only .to help
themselves, becauso thoy began to fight
the peoplo again as soon as tho peoplo
wanted to say what lawa Bhould bo
made.
And now wo havo como to the grandfathers half wny botweon tho first ones
we talked nbout and the -real grandfathers without any "greats" at all.
Whon theBe midway grandfathers
watched what was happening aroand
them, thoy found merchants banding
themselves togothor and forming guildB
just as thoy band themselves now into
unions. Of courso nowadays both employers ond workers bond themselves
together each to try to got what thoy
want by pulling togothor. But you see
the merchants, whose grent grandchildren havo mostly becomo tho employers
of tho working peoplo todny, wore tho
first to think of uniting and set us a
good example. At least it would have
boon a good oxamplo if thoy had used
tho power their guild gavo thom to givo
justice to ovorybody as far as they
could. InBtend they triod to gain
powor over the pooplo whe made thc
things which they, the merchants, sold,
and ovon offered the king monoy and
services if ho would allow them to do
eortain things and forbid anyono else
doing tho same. What would you think
of your teachers ff they said tho childron who paid them bost Bhould bn nl-
lowndito do things no one else was nllowed to do? Tho merchnnts had more
money and hod bflon given power by
the king. They boro it for some time
nnd then o war broke ont with Franco
and a plague called tho "Black Death"
followed.   Then a law was paused for-
A REVOLUTIONARY LYRIO
[By Bobert Burns]
Why should we idly wasto our prime,
Bepoating our oppressions!
Come, rouse to arms, 'tis now tho timo
To punish past transgressions.
'Tis said that Kings cnn do no wrong,
Thoir murderous deeds deny it;
And sinco from   us   their   power   is
sprung,
Wo have a right to try it.
Now each true patriot's song shall be,
Welcome death or liberty.
Proud priests and bishops will translate,
And canonize as martyrs;
Tho gullotine on peers shall wait,
And Knights Bhall hang in garters.
Those despots long havo trod us down,
And judges aro their engines,
Such wrotched minions of a Crown
Demand the people's vengeance.
Today  'tis theirs, tomorrow we
Shall don tho Cap of Libortio.       '
Tho golden nge will then revive,
PAGE SEVEN
IN MEMORIAM
In harmony wo all shall live, .
And sharo the earth together;
In virtuo trained, enlightened youth,
Will love each fellow croature,
And future years shall prove tho truth,
That mun is good by nature.
Then lot us twist   with   throe   times
threo,
Tho roign of peaco and liberty.
Madison, Wis.—Tho barbors' strike
has ended by employors agreeing to
pay $16 a woek and SOyper cent, of receipts in oxcess of $20. Thc old rato
was $16 and one-half ovor $22,
wero doing for higher wages, and whon
a new attack was to bo mado on Franco
the king demanded a shilling from
everybody over ilfteon to pay for it.
That was about as much as $5.00 now.
Do you wonder the poor people
belled! But their leader was killed and
thc king novor fulfilled his promises.
While theso groat grandfathers lived
the barons had been losing their power
nnd by tho time the gntudpnrcuts with
twenty-ouo greats were hero they could
no lpnger oppress tho peoplo as they
had "done.   Thc merchants uud traders
bought their homes, as moat  of  tho
barons had no longer enough money to
keep'  them.     So   now   tho   strugglo
aguinst thc merchants was harder than
ever, for they had tho land ua well as
tho right to trade given them by the
king.    Thia  trade   was  to  tako   the
woolen cloth, guns, ships ond carpets
made   by   the   craftsmen. to   foreign
countrica, and as they punished people
who puid the craftsmen moro than a
certain wage, they becamo rich themselves and kept the tradesmen poor.
Then to reliove tho poor was ofton forbidden.   Do you wonder thoy folt liko
fighting to get things different!    Of
courso, I don't mean lighting with guns,
though this sometimes happened ua a
last rcBort.   But wo must hurry past
tho lives of many great grandparents
now until we roach those with only
ubout twelvo "groats" bolongtng to
them.    ThoBo  grandparents were  the
first to hoar of colonics boing formed iu
America, and their queen, Elizabeth,
gavo somo peoplo tho wholo right to
trado with theso and other places, because her brothor Edward, who   hud
boon king earlior, stoppod the guilds.
So' here we have something ovon mure
powerful, becauso thoso peoplo  could
charge what*they Hkod for thoir goods
and nobody else was allowed to sell. Do
you wonder they grew rich while thousands of people were made poorer thnn
over?    And what did tho rulers do?
Instead of stopping the people charging
high prices they passed a Poor Law by
which the very, very poorest wore fod.
That was like curing one person when
thousands were sick, wasn't it?    Thc
companies still grew and the chief men
becamo vory rich, of courso.   Somo of
these were  made lords and earls for
lending   tho   king   money   when   ho
wanted it,   You cun imagine how peoplo would wnnt to join companies, aud
often mon would get togelhor and say,
"Let us tell tho people how rich thoy
will   bo   if   they   join  our  company.
They '11  send   their  money  and   then
we'll disappear."    Hundreds of poor
people wero swindled liko this, nnd onco
a. company calling itself tho South Sea
Company nearly swindled tho wholo nation.    But do. you aeo how unfnirly
nearly all theso people becamo rich!
Then \tho   time   came   when   peoplo
thought  of building canals,  nnd  tho
first one was built from a duke's coal
pit to Manchester.   That mount if anybody elao wanted to use it they must
pay so much money to tho duke.   Now
I aaid the duke's coal pit.   Think back
on what you have read and you will
soo   that  perhaps   thia  coal  pit   was
"hia" because one of his grent grandfathers had bought tho land from ono
of  thoso  barons,  whoso  grandparents
had  had  it  given   by King  William
when he took it from the^nglish. That
reminds me of a story my grandfather
uBed to tell mo.   One day a navvy (a
man who does very hard work making
roada  and   railways),   who  had  boon
working many hours on a railwny, cutting  thought  ho would save himself
many steps by going ncross somo land
instond of walking a long way round.
Just as he was about to enter tho fiold
ho heard:
"Hi, hi, thero!"
This was from the squire who asked
him where he was going,
"Home," replied tho navvy.
"You must'nt go that way,   That's
my land I"
"Your land? Whero did you get it?"
"Yes, my land.   My father gave it
to me."
Whero did ho get it!"
From his father."
Whoro did he get it!"
From his father,'' and bo they went
on    until   finally    tho   navvy    said:
"Whero dtd the first, one get it!"
"Ho fought for it." "And it was
well worth fighting for," replied the
navvy. "Suppose I fight you for it."
The great grandfathers who flrat-saw
cnnala had only eight "groats," and
now we como to those with only seven
and bix who sny the money of the rich
peoplo being used to make machinery
and making them richer still, so that
when their children and grandchildren
heard of tho wonderful railways, thoy
used some of tho monoy from their
fathers and grandfathers to build more
railways and bo much of the money
people paid for railway fares and goods
being carried went to these "owners"
of thc railways. So you sre these same
people had the power of (faying what
was to be dona about trade at homo
and abroad, about canals, machinery
nnd manufactures, and then railways
and steamships. Ask your fathers and
mothers to toll you about the trailing
companies and railways of Canada
which were begun by the English, and
your grandfather without any
greats" at all to tell you what many
improvements in nil these things  the
working people havo made just while
bidding pooplo to leavo tho work thoy j he has livod,
Kirkland Lako Miners' Union, liko
most organizations, haa had its share
of tho dreaded epidemic raging
throughout tho land. In tho past woek
or two wo havo lost three members
through death. The last to go wns
William Bobcrtson, tho othor two boing John Alanon, who died in Larden
Lako, and Conducci Delia Antonia
from Boston Creek, who diod in the
new Lizard Hospital. William Rob-
ertson, or "Old Bill," as he was familiarly called by tho residents of
Kirkland Lako, was taken to tho Hai-
leybury Hospital, whero he diod from
pneumonia. Ho was 85 years of age,
but did not look a day over (10, being
■•yery erect in carriage. Ho wont
through tho Civil War and was thoroughly disgustod when turned down on
trying to enlist on tho outbreak of the
present hostilities, or the present war.
Only, last spring, when the ico wbb
breaking up, ho packed his toboggan
nnd hiked ovor the trail to Lightning
Biver, a distance of about 40 miles, a
task which wou'd daunt tho bonrts of
most mon half hia ago. "Old Bill,
and wo liko to call him that still, was
a staunch union man, boQi in tho West
and East. He spent quite a few years
of his,life in Oreenwood, B. C, and
one of his last wishes wns that the
union should perforin tho last rites over
him, and that it will bo taken up by
tho youths who are coming into thc
mining industry we have no doubt. We
grieve to part with our brothors Al-
lanen Antonia and Robertson, but in
the words of the grout poet, Burns—
A fow years may, *
A few years must,
Beposo us in thc silont dust.
Thereforo bo it resolved, that wo,
thc committee of the Kirkland Luko
Miners' Union No. 140, drape our
charter for a period of 30 days, and
that a* copy of this resolution be placed
on our minute book; also ono sent to
tho relatives of our brothers, and one
to each of the following newspapers for
publication: tho Minors Magazine, Industrial    Banner,   and B. C. Fodera
tionist.
H. 0. KINNIBURGH,
BOY WHIDDEN,
'GEORGE F. COOPER,
Committeo.
Topeku, Kan.—Organized stato employees and picture machine operators
wero forced to suspend work in several
theatres in this city because of low
wages.
"Keep the Home
Fires Burning"
"Canada's Representative Piano"
for that elan of society that inevitably gravitates to the
home with a musical atmosphere.
For an inherent love of music usually betokens an appreoiB-
tionof tho kindred arts of literature and science.   It goes
hand in hand with a love for tho beautiful and artistic and
intercourse with the class of peoplo thus attracted would be
invaluable to your children and the strongest possible factor
in their education and development.
Then why not provide the means to   create   such
"atmosphere."
_ THE POSSESSION OP A
fBell 'Art' PiScF
an
(tho only piano possessing tko "Illimitable" oction and tho tone
sustaining motal frame) would solvo the problem. It should bo your
logical choice. Established over half o century ogo, possessing erery
musical jc.uisito, combined with strength of construction and on-
equalled durability, tho reputation of tbe BoU Piano is so thoroughly
established, its fame for continuous musical service so widespread, u
to render it thc exclusive choice of tho moro advanced Colleees' of
Music in Canada and England.
w-.i-zxticr.ntzLiztajftrtQ
Montelius|PianoHouseLtd.
524-28 ORANVILLE ST.
Terms If Desired
Victory Loan 1918
NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS
A large number of applications to Victory Loan, 1918, have been returned to
us by the Banks owing to* Applicants having failed to make their first Dav-
ments. " * ■•v ■ *
Realizing that many of these cases arose from the fact that illness or other
unavoidable causes prevented Applicants fulfilling their obligations within
the specified time, arrangements have been made with the City Banks to accept payments on such returned applications up to December 31st 1918 after
which date the lists will finally be closed.
Applicants desiring to take advantage of this opportunity are requested to
call at the offices of Victory Loan, 1918, Room 16, Canada Life Bldg., where
they will be provided with their original applications, which must then be
taken by the Applicant to the Bank designated therein, and the 1st and 2nd
payments completed together with interest on overdue instalments.
NO APPLICATIONS WILL BE RE-INSTATED LATER THAN DEC. 31st
W. it MALKIN,
Chairman, British Columbia Executive.
Union Blue Label
Cigars
ElSidelo
McLEOD, NOLAN & Co.
Makers
LONDON, ONT.
What better can you
give a smoker for
Christmas?
These Cigars are made
from the highest grades
of Imported Tobacco
grown, and are made
under the most sanitary
conditions in a strictly
union factory.
Any honest connoisseur
of tobacco will tell you
that they are the Cigar
of Cigars.
Sale  Everywhere
I( lour d.._.l,r hain't *,„• *[,.„_,
wrllo D. J. E1MEB, 3118 Allnrtl St
VnncouTer, B. 0. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
—Dew-abtr tl, MM
The Pioneer Union Store
Viking and
Gold Fleece
Wolsey
Underwear
These two lines of underwear are absolutely reliable—one hundred per
cent, pure wool and British made, they'll give you
more real satisfaction per
dollar invested than any
other make.
Wolsey
All-wool, English Make, Superior Quality
Shirts and DrawerB, per garment —  $4.50
Heavy Weight, per garment -  $6.00
Combinations, per suit _ -   $9.00
Medium Weight .*.- $10.00
Heavy Weight ....._ - $12.00
Viking
Gold-Fleece, English Made, All Wool
Light Weight, Shirts and Drawers, per garment.... $5.00
IT- ...*••-■-.■' ■ <;-«*'•■-* •r.*r.*****L:»^-SSBiW__..'_fe.>j__a_.ji,)jjilS-!        *"J*«
Heavy Weight, per garment —  $7.00
Combinations, light weight $10.00
Heavy Weight, per suit - $14.00
Claman's
153 HASTINGS ST. W.
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
LIMITED
STATE INSURANCE
IN AUSTRALIA
The Insurance Corporations
Get a Big Jolt
Down Under
(From W. Francis Alicrn, Special .Representative in Australia.)
Tho second annual report of tho state
government insuranco office, instituted
two yoars ago by tho Byan Labor government of Queensland, Australia, is a
document thut speaks for itself as to
whnt Stato Socialism is capable of accomplishing. Briefly, tho report 'of tho
insurance department controlled by tho
Labor state, and which is duly audited
and found correct, shows that at absolutely no cost to tho stato tho people
havo been provided with great and important benofits at a cheaper rato than
anything yet contemplated by privato
enterprise; but what is moro extraordinary still, it has shown that, in addition to providing thoso bonefits, it hus
also put aside a surplus of no less than
$250,000 for development purposos. Although $500,000 waB set aside by tho
government in caso of accident, not a
penny of this monoy has been touched
since the inception of tho schemo—on
thc other hand, as shown abovo, tho
insurance offico has paid its way,
sliced insurance premiums nearly in
half, and yet returned a profit of
$250,000 to tha state treasury.
Let the mattor bo set out clearer in
cose of error. Tho whole business is
scarce believable unless we read and
re-read it again. When in 1916 it was
decided by the Byan Labor governmont
in Queensland to embark on tho sea of
insuranco, tho Queensland govornment
voted $500,000 for tho purposo of establishing and maintaining tho insurance schemo. It was thought that this
sum would be necessary in view of the
merciless opposition tho government
would havo to fight when it camo to
get into action against tho insurance
truBt. Tho department wob established,
but up to tho present not a penny of
The Whitely Report Is Only
a Bnsiness Man's
Programme
The Establishment of Trade
Is Not the Goal of
the People
[By J. 8. WOODSWOBTH.]
Article L
Many reconstruction schemes are be*
Ing proposed. Most of them take for
granted that we aro going to build up
pre-war institutions along tho old linos.
Tho war is regarded moro or loss as an
unfortunate interruption. As quickly
as possible we must return to "normal" conditions. Certain parts of our
civilization have been badly shaken;
tho dobris must be cleared away and
tho ancient odiuco " restored."
Is this, then, all tlmt tho world war
is to mean to mankind? Havo wo sacrificed millions upon millions of lives
and mortgaged future generations and
gained only tho opportunity for reconstruction?
Of courso it is recognized that the
world can nevor bo just tho samo.
Horizons havo boon widened. Vast ex*
poriments have boen tried. Tho returned soldiers will havo obtained a
•ew viewpoint. This will involvo a
period of "readjustment."   Thoro you
have it again—tho old machine geared
up a bit!
Thon that ill-defined but ever-present
"labor problom" will nood to bo "delicately but firmly" handled. Those
revolutions in Bussia and Germany
havo incitod tho discontented elements
in our own country. Fortunately, tho
army nood not bo oomplotoly demobilized until conditions havo bocomo
"stable." Doubtless eortain reforms
are necossary, but labor was nevor so
well off and the rank nnd file of unionists will trust well-tried and sano leaders liko Mr. Oompers.
"Boturn to normal conditions,"
"Restoration of sbnttored institutions," "Bcadjustments," "Temporary expedients until things- becomo
stable"—under such conditions wo are
bidden to got togothor and discuss "re*
construction."
Strange to say, labor has been very
rude and vulgar in its reply "Nothin*
doin'."
And tho dear good people in the
front pows have boon quite shocked
and mystified and blamed it all on the
alien enemies or on pro-German propaganda or Bolshevism or I. W. W.-lsm
or somo other ism equally remote and
satisfactory,
Thoy don't seem to bo able to get it
into thoir heads that in their senso of
the term thoro "ain't goin' to be no"
reconstruction—that tho workors havo
received a rovclation of a new heaven
and a now earth for tho first heaven
and tho first earth aro passed away. So
tho workers gonornlly prefer the torm
revolution to tho term reconstruction.
Only on the basis of a now social and
economic order Bro they willing to plan
reconstruction.
How can those who wish to rebuild
and those who wish to build anew find
common ground?
But it is woll for thc people to know
what "tho lenders" propose to do for
them, and it may do no harm for tho
leaders to soe how thoir proposals look
to tho workers.
Several documents relative to reconstruction are boforo the public.
FirBt of all wo havo the so-called
"Whitley Beport," tho report of the
wfaal|t0n-(Eraft"
Out-of-Town Men
who will be in the city for the New Year
holidays will find it advantageous to visit
The Shop of Fashion Craft before making
their clothing purchases.
Our stock is replete with all that is new in
Suits, Overcoats or Raincoats. All reasonably priced.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 GRANVILLE ST.
Industrial Councils Committoe, which
has boon adopted as tho policy of the
present governmont of Great Britain.
This strikes ono as being essentially an
employors' report. In contrast with
tho draft programmo of tho British
Labor party, which emphasizes the wolfare of men and womon and children,
tho Whitley roport emphasizes tho welfare of "tho trade."
Tho re-establishment of tratto on a
permanent and successful basis involves (a) much moro adequate provision for roscarch and education; (b)
the development of export trade, and
(c) tho establishment of harmony between capital and labor. To bring this
about it is suggested that in each largo
industrial establishment thoro should
bo a "works committeo" composed of
representatives of employors and work
people; in each city or district a "district committoe" composed in a similar
way, and in each great industry a
"national council," again formed on
tho same principle.
This, according to tho Whitley re*
port, is tho machinery necessary for industrial reconstruction.
Tho Industrial Reconstructive Council complains that labor doos not understand tho difficulties of financiers.
"Poor financiers!" comments labor;
"did it novor striko them that possibly
they do not understand tho difficulties
—and the now determination—of
labor "f
It is proposed that tho industrial
councils, "in regulating wages, will
have regard to the noed for scouring to
tho work poople a share in tho incroasod prosperity of the industry."
That condescending English "work
people" raises the iro of an independent worker, but he can afford to lot
that pass, as he asserts that sinco all
wealth is produced by the labor of
hand or brain, the producors intend not
merely to have a share of the increased
prosperity but to havo all that they
produce.
Onc recommendation of the report
can bc used to advantage by organized
labor in Canada. Tho committeo insists
that an essential condition of securing
a permanent improvement in the relations between employers and employed*
is that there should be adequate organization on the part of both employers and work people.
Fancy our government insisting on
organization! Most of our strikes are
at bottom a strugglo for tho right to
organize Think of the Nanaimo strike
and tho way it was so effectually crushed by illegal means and military forco
that to this day a labor man in Nanaimo daro hardly call his soul his own.
Think of our "closed towns" with thc
edifying cpectaclo of the provincial
government confessing its inability to
remody an admitted outrageous situation!
Tho industrial council idea could not
bo carried out under tho conditions
which prevail in Canada.
Indood tho Whitley roport has little
to offer that attracts the Canadian
worker. We think it will aot satisfy
tho workers of England, whose programme wc must next discuss.
Hamilton Civic Election*
Many labor men will   contest   tho
various civic positions in Hamilton at
tho coming civic elections.   The following are the candidates:
Tho two old war horses Georgo Hal-
crow and Harry Halford are out for
the board of control; Gordon Nolson
will make a try for tho hydro-elect ric
comnriflsionership; Ed. Madden will be
nominatod for alderman in Ward III;
Aid. Thos. O'Hare for ro-eloction in
Ward IV; William Cassaday in Ward
V; Aid. K. Book for re-eloction in
Ward VII; Archio Burton and W.
Hustbridgo in Word VIII.
W. Wright, a returned soldior, will
run for school trustoo -in Ward VIII;
Harry Bournu in Ward IV, and Geo.
Thompson in Ward III. This list of
candidates will be added to beforc
nomination duy.
Prohibit Night Work ,
San Francisco.—Night work for
women in California factories will bo
allowed after January 1 only with
special permission of the industrial
welfare commission, and women omployoes must he furnished with hot
meals by their employers. No minors
may be employed before G a.m. and
after 10 p.m. 4
Machinists
Dune   McCallum,   having   resigned
from the pnsition of businesB agent for
the Machinists,  Bro.  P. B. Bengough
has been appointed In hli stead.
Sweater
Sets
For Children,
and Misses
Set consisting of Silk
Sweater, Cap and Bag, in
blue, rose, pink, white or
sunbeam, for ages 2 to 6
years, at $15.00.
Set consisting of Sweater,
Cap and Bag in rose petal,
Copenhagen or Nile, come
in novelty weave, for ages
8 to 14 years, at $22.50.
575 Granville Mont Sey. 3540
tho $500,000 voted by tho government
has beon called into play. On the other
hand, the insuranco department has
been able to hand buck to the government a profit of $250,000. And bo it
remembered that this is in addition to
anothor sum of $250,000 which tbe insurance department invested in government bonds some timo ago. So that instead of calling upon the government
for tho $500,000 voted to establish the
insuranco scheme, it waB established
on nothing, while during tho two yearB
it has been established a profit of in
nil $500,000 has been mado by the state
enterprise.
It almost seems liko a fairy story to
think that by the simple process of voting in parliament the people of Queensland wcro thus ablo to got an insuranco
schemo of thoir own, and clip tho claws
of the insuranco trust, and in two
years show a profit of $500,000, Yot
that iB oxactly what has boen dono in
Queensland, Australia, by a Labor government.
But what has tho insurance department dono during tho past year. It
would bo surely interesting to loam
somo of its activities. In 1918 tho
total .value of claims submitted was no
less than $808,570, as compared with
$580,455 in 1017. And what is most important of all, ovory claim was paid,
and not ono was rejected. Compare
this with tho pitiful spcctaclo of unfortunate crippled workora or their bereaved widows and children fighting
for somo recompense from the insuranco trust and Booing this money being
caton up in law costs. There is nothing liko this with the Queensland state
insuranco schemo. It docs not allow
lawyers to levy tribute on the misfortunes of the afflicted. Ita terms are
set out in eloar and unmistakable
figures, and immediately on accident or
death occurs, the ful amount is paid at
onco. There ia no red tape, no legal
technicalities—tho money can be got
the same day, if necessary. If there
were no other advantages, tbis in itsolf
would be a boon. But this is not all.
Not only has the state lowered the in*
surance rates from 25 to 60 per cent,
below those of tho private insurance
companies, but it haa compollod tho
private companies to do likewise.
Either that or they could not got ony
business at all. Bo an indirect benefit
has been conferred on the people of
Queensland other than those who insure with the government offico, Privato enterprise has been made to cut a
very Borry figure in the insurance businoss in Queensland ,indocd.
But tako another branch of the business, tho household workers' department. Horo we sec a now thing in insurance—the covoring of pooplo against
risk without tho payment of premiums
at all. This may seem mystifying, and
has to bc explained. It appears that
during tbo two years the state office
has been doing business in this direction tho premiums collected from the
people have been enough not only to
pay all claims but to allow tho pooplo
to bo insured for the third year without the payment of anothor penny
apiece. Would private enterprise bc
found doing Buch a thing? Not on your
life. They would collect tho mazuma
overy year with painful regularity.
They would not como along and say,
"Seo here, wo have mado somo profit
last yoar and out of gratitude to you
we will insuro you next yoar freo of
cost." And while you read thia has
been dono by tbo state insurance
scheme in Queensland, keep it tacked in
your memory that the insurance offico
has been able to hand back to tho
government no less than $500,000 In
two years as profit, in addition.
Tho state office has also taken in
hand the protection of tho minors and
stone workers against the dread disease known as miners' phthisis. Undor
this hooding, during the year, no loss
than $88,480 has boen paid to sufforers
or their dependents. Thla was something not covered by tho insuranco
trust. An iutoresting feature iB revealed in connection with tho life do-
partmont of the insuranco depot. Although somo $70,935 was paid in premiums during the half-year ending last
June, not a single claim was filed. That
iB to say, not a singlo Insured porson
died. That Bpoaks well for tho insuranco office and for tho healthy climate
of Queensland. Of courso thore is this
to be said, that in time theso policies
will mature, but this is providod for
out of a lifo insuranco fund, to which
$50,000 has been added out of the last
half-year's profit.
In regard to the miscellaneous accident department, the report disclosed
thnt since the department started it
hns been possible to roduco premiums
by 20 per cent., and yet mako a profit
of $100,000 in thia department alone.
When wo get examples such as those,
it is easy to see why tho peoplo of
Queensland elected a Labor government
back to power last March with tho
biggest parliamentary majority ever
known in Australian political history.
1 IL
E
Only Way to Make People
Free Is to Give Industrial Democracy
Of all the charges againBt Social-
Ism, the charge that lt is autocratic
and militaristic is one that is least
often made and with the least show
of plausibility. Indeed, It is far more
frequently charged that Sooialism
would carry the democratic idea to
an extreme and Impracticable extent,
that lt would repose moro power and
authority In tho hands of tho peoplo
than they are capable of cnlciejitly
exercising.' Socialism would mean
chaos, anarchy, would do away with
the safeguard of a strongly centralized govornment, would lako Industrial power, especially, out of the
hands of those able and eelf-sufllclont
captains of Industry who atone are
fitted by nature and circumstance to
direct our economic affairs; this lathe
substance of tho objection commonly
mado to the proposals of tho Socialists. Whatever else they may urgo
against It, most honest nnd Informed
opponents of Socialism will readily
absolve it. from the accusation of
being an anti-democratic movement.
Springing from the masses of the
world's tollers who have immemorial^ been tho worst oppressed of
earth, and aiming toward tho goal of
emancipation for these tollers from
the burdens of economic bondage,
Socialism Is In Its very origin and essence democratic.
Socialism Is Fall Freedom.
Socialism points the way to an advance ln democracy that, until lately,
has received no recognition from tho
world's statesmen and its respectable
accredited leaders of public thought
and opinion. It proposes to apply the
principle of democracy to Industry, as
lt has been already applied to politics.
What the democratic Idea has dono
to emancipate the political life of
man in the State, Socialism would
have lt to do to emancipate tho Industrial life of man in the State.
Socialism would make man Industrially, as well as politically, freo.
Those who speak so glibly of tho
despotism of the State would seem
to Ignore the fact that there ore
other despotisms other than that of
the State. The private control and
ownership of the nation's life-giving
Industries, with Its enormous private
fortunes and subtlo capitalistic domination of the national life, Is an
example of despotism as vicious ns
can be found anywhere. It Is truo
that In a political democracy the
people have the weapons with which
to overthrow this Industrial despotism
of privato capitalists, and It is exactly
this final act of liberation to which
the Socialists urge tho people. Until
industrial democracy Is secured wc
will have but a sadly crippled half-
measure of democracy.
State Control Is Not Socialism.
It may bo objected thut absolute
State control of the people's life
would bo the limit of autocracy; and
this we readily grant; the State despotism of Germany is an eloquent
case In point. But no Socialist advocates this form of State control.
T)la German Socialists oppose it in
Germany JuBt   as   Socialists   every-
Look for the
UNION LABEL
I don't claim that you should buy your clothes from
me simply because you will find the union label in
every garment turned out of my establishment But
I do think that in considering clothing values you
should give some thought to the worth of the union
label. There are many readymades put together in
sweatshops by under-paid, half-starved workers,
sold to the retailers here by New York manufacturers who are opposed to the union principle—for their
own selfish reasons. In my stores you will find the
best of British woolens. In my garments you will
find the union label.
WOtU>
632GRANVILLE
mHAsnwsw
UNION IHOF
where oppose it. However, advocating
the people's state with the people
owning the Industries with political
and Industrial domocracy going hand
tn hand, is a very different thing, as
any one should understand. Certainly, when we eay that the poople
should own their means of Ufe instead of private capitalists owning
them; when we say that tho people
should democratically control Industry instead of it being left to the arbitrary, Irresponsible control of the
financial and Industrial autocrats;
whon we mako this demand wo cannot be justly or plausibly charged
with furthering the cause of autocracy. Such a chargo is absurd. Our
demand Is the supreme demnnd of
democracy. It is actually necessary
to make democracy safe that the Industrial life of the state should bo
democratized equally with Its political life.
To say that Socialism is militaristic
Is even more ridiculous than to say
that lt Is anti-democratic. It is the
most inherently and logically pacifist
movement (and we say this not in
the Tolstoyan sense of non-resistance,
but in the sense that it stand for the
establishment of pacific social conditions and International relations) In
existence today. Its programme would
abolish the economic causes that ure
the fundamental source of strife between different economic ■ classes
within the nations. It would establish free, co-operative economic relations, with social value rather than
private profits ns the basis of commodity exchange. It would eliminate exploitation and competition from
our social life and thus make for
peace.—The New Appeal.
WILL APPEAL
Strikers Do Not Think That
Geof roy Was Guilty
of Assault
Tho Laundry Workers nro endeavoring to got a new trial for W. L.
Goofroy, sentenced recently to 18
months' hard labor, at tho asslzos, for
ntlcgod assault. Tho strikers aro convinced that Geofroy is not guilty, and
leavo to appeal for a now trial is being
sought. In tho meantime, the family of
Gofroy ia being cared for by tho executive of tho organization. Thero is no
chango in thc strike situation, both
sides standing pat. Tho organizations
nro -still Bonding in -fijianciul support,
aud no better spirit of co-operation has
over boen shown by organized labor,
thnn in this striko.        .;
' Want Railroads Roloased
Philadelphia. — Hnllroad oioeutlvcs
representing 125 roads and 02 per cent.
of the milcngo of tho country havo issuod a protest against the tuggostion
of Director-Gcnornl of Kailrouds Me**
Adoo that tho govornment retain control of tho railroads until U24.
Union Store
Union Shoes
WM. DICK Ltd.
Union Clerks
334547-49 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Shoe Specials
For the Week End
Hero's a line of Men's Shoes that's worth getting right after-
even if it is Holiday Week.
The best in the eity for general wear— for dress wear—for work.
Eaeh type designed and built specially for ita intended use—designed and built right—to give Service, Comfort and Protection.
NOTE THE DICK PRICES ON THESE SHOES
$7.50 Calf Shoe for $5.95
In flne calf—black or brown—Acme soles and rubber
heels—made on the new young men's last—there's class
to the shape as well as perfect comfort. Regular value
of this shoe is $7.50.
$5.95
Leckie's Union Made
Shoes
A fine dress shoe made right
hero in Vancouver—honest
value throughout—comes in
blaek or brown—fine quality leather—Neolin or leather soles—a shoe of excep-,'
tionally neat appearance.
$8.50 to $10.00
Work Boot for $5
A boot that for hard usage
gets "right there"—it's
made of tough leather, special tanning, strongly stitched, reinforced at strain
points. Soles are extra
heavy—solid leather—sewn
and pegged.
$5.00
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEast\
Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back 10% off to Returned Soldiers

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345352/manifest

Comment

Related Items