BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Oct 21, 1921

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345351.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345351-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345351-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345351-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345351-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345351-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345351-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

$2.60 PER YEAR
Conciliation Board Is Ap?
plied  for  by  the
It P. Pettipiece Will Represent Men—One-man
Cars an Issue
Tho B. C. Blectric Railway Cora-
pany a ihort timo aro approached
tta representatives of the Street
Kallwaymen, and asked for a conference. The men's representatives
•implied and met the officials of
tta company, who suggested that
a reduction in wages was overdue.
Tha men's representatives oould
■et see the force of this argument
and the oompany has applied for a
Board of conciliation under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act.
On Tueseday the representatives
iat the Street Railwaymen of Victoria, New Westminster and Vanoouver met and selected R. P. Pettlplece as their representative on
tta board, the company having selected Mr. A. G. McCandless.
These two wtll meet and endeavor
to agree on a third member, but if
ttoy fall to agree the Minister of
labor will make an appointment.
The company suggests a reduotton In wages amounting to 16 per
oent., no extra pay for Sundaya and
holidays and amendments to the
conditions laid down ln the last
agreement. The question of conditions and wages for men working
the one-man cars is also included
In the company's application for a
Thomas Proctor, in whose bed
Abraham Lincoln died, is found in
an almshouse. Lincoln's son Is
president of the Pullman Company.
Maybe he'd be so kind as to send
Proctor the price of Lincoln's lodging the night he died.—Tho Toller.
Unemployed Want Work
on Full Maintenance
There was a large attendance of
(•legates at the meeting of the
Oouncll of Workers held on Tues
day night. Much business was
transacted, and many, sidelights
thrown on the position of the unemployed.
A delogate from the C. N. U. X.
reported that a delegation had
waited on the mayor to see what
would be done In the case of a returned soldier, who through lack
Ot means, was arrested as a variant. The mayor replied that lf
•ny such men were arrested, and
ttey could show credentials, they
would be turned over to Relief Of-
icer Ireland. The delegates also
reported that moro particulars
Would bo supplied next week, as
he delegation had to see the mayor
.gain on this question.
South Vancouver delegates reported that ditches were being dug
helow the depth which guaranteed
aafety without timbering. A dele-
_ation had waited on Commissioner
Gray, and pointed this out to htm.
ad he promised that timbers.would
io on hand the next day.
The commissioner was also requested to put some of the unemployed at work on tho regular municipal work. He, however, stated
that he preferred to keep the men
i that are at present employed.
The delegation also asked that
work be found for the unemployed,
•r full maintenance given them.
ie commissioner Intimated in reply that he was willing, but there
rai no money to do It with.
At the unemployed meeting held
In South Vancouver, a resolution
u passed urging the Labor mem-
hers ln the Provincial House to
make a strenuous effort to have
money provided for the relief of
tha unemployed.
Commmtuloner Gray has consented to address the unemployed
1 oa Oct. 81, the place of meeting
uu, however, not as yet been deeded on.
The counoll Instructed the secre-
[ tary to notify the Provincial and
i Dominion premiers of the serlous-
oa of the situation, and to ask
j that provision be made for work
tor the unemployed, as the cum-
i Mlasloner for South Vanoouver had
i intimated that there was no more
| Money for work, other than that already ln band.
South   Vancouver   Sup*
porters of J; Kavanagh
Raise $80.00
The whist drive and dance held
laat Saturday in the Fraser Hall for
the purpose of raising funds for the
Socialist Party campaign ln South
Vanoouver, was a deolded success,
Tha arrangements made by tho
committee ln charge were all that
could be desired, and a very enjoyable evening was spent, and $80.00
was realized for the campaign.
J. Kavanagh, the Socialist Party
candidate, gave a ahort address on
the Issues of the election during
the evening, in which he pointed
out that tariffs wero none of the
workers' business, lf they realized
that their wages were governed
largely by the cost of living. He
also pointed out that lt was only at
election periods that the members
of the master class came down to
talk to the workers, and that Meighen represented the financial group
and that neither of the old political
parties represented the Interests of
the workers, and that the Farmers Party was most directly concerned in securing cheap machinery and cheap labor. Ho showed
how none of tho parties except the
Socialist Party wero Interested In
the solving of the working class
problem, as neither of the old parties were Interested In changing the
system, and that only by the changing of the system could the workers be freed. To this end he urged
greater efforts on educational lines,
pointing out that whenever the
change was made, the better the
workers understood their position,
tho easier the job would be.
During the evoninug, a large pie,
made by Mrs. b. G. Smith, was disposed of for |9.25. This amount
will be added to the campaign
Peasants Now Control All
Land and Work
Large Scale Non-competitive Farming Is
{By Wm. Z, Foster)
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
Following our general plan of
describing the broad outlines of the
revolution, as it touches the various social institutions, I shall now
indicate briefly some of the more
important effects upon the farming
Of the two great branches of
Russia's tolling millions, viz., In'
dustrial workers and peasants, the
latter have, so far, reaped most advantages from the revolution. This
is true because, while the industrial
workers are still struggling, ln the
face of severe trials, to bring about
the reorganization of tho Industry
which for'them will mean economio
emancipation, tho peasants have
actually come into' possession of
that dear mother earth which for
gent rations past they have dreamed
of, sum: about and longed for. This
condition has led many shortsighted observers to conclude that
tho Russian revolution ls really at
heart a peasants' revolution.
Land Turned Over
The land was turned over to the
peasants almost immediately after
the October, 1917, revolution. ThlB
was done by the Bolshevik government, controlled by the Communist
Party, which is composed mainly of
industrial workers. The Social-Revolutionists, the party of the peasants, also had this measure ln their
programme. But they never could
get past the talking stage about It,
whereas the workers' party actually
put lt Into practice, thus at once
definitely winning tho support of
the great masses of the peasants
for the difficult industrial revolution and destroying a powerful and
dangerous adversary, the Social-
Revolutionary party.
On Nov. 8, 1917, right in the
white heat of the upheaval, the
revolutionary land decree was promulgated. Its most Important section runs: "Private property In land
is forever abolished; land may not
be bought, sold, rented, mortgaged
or disposed of ln any other way.
The land as a whole: state, crown,
church, private, public and peasant
(Continued on pan I)
Under the Auspices of the Socialist Party of Canada
Campaign Committee
PENDER HALL, Corner Pender and Howe Sts.
Whist, 8 to 10 , Dancing, 9 to 12
Australian Workers Wish
for a Complete
Manifesto Sets Out Desires of Organied
(By W. Francis Ahern)
(Federated Press Australian Correspondent) '
Sydney, N, 8. W.—An all-Australia Labor manifesto has been issued
to the workers of Australia and
New Zealand. Signed by B. J. Holloway, president of the all-Australia' Industrial Congress (held at
Melbourne at the end of June), the
manifesto sets out that the present
capitalist system ls "a colossal failure, because under it the wants of
the great mass of our people, no
matter how hard they may work,
are never met, and as long as the
present social order remains there
is no possibility that they ever will
be met,"
After tracing the evils of the
present capitalist system, the manifesto continues:
"Nothing short of the complete
socialization of all the agencies of
wealth, production, distribution and
exchange can make possible your
economic emancipation. The question, then, for the workerB and
thinkers ot Australia to answer is
'Which side are you on'?"
A continuance of the present system will mean, says the manifesto
"To the rich, more enormous and
unnecessary wealth, magnificent
homes, gorgeous wardrob.es and a
life where real values are lost and
monoy is God. To the poor, it
means a continuance of the present
system of poverty ( foul hovels,
stunted bodies and ignorance. Side
by Bide go billionaires and paupers,
cat-ties and caves, luxury and squalor.   .   .   ,
"Let every worker of brain or
muscle fall in behind the great Labor movement, with its new policy
—the movement which stands for
real education, the development of
real manhood, and the uprooting of
ignorance. Let the workers of Australia and New Zealand take hope
and courage, remembering only
that they belong to the one class.
"The spirit of liberty is a nation's
greatest asset. The Labor movement puts freedom before all else,
for no nation can bo great that destroys hope, stifles high ideals and
deadens tho sense of justice. We
say that resistance to wrongs must
be the characteristics of all those
who would be free. Therefore, the
Labor movement must not count
the cost In thc fight, for by such a
spirit only were the liberties we
now enjoy made possible. There'
fore, whatever the forces of reaction, we must resist all forcea to
make the workers retreat. This
can not be done unless we unify all
the forces of labor. Let us, then,
have unity. "Without unity, chaos;
With unity everything Is possible.
"It has been decided to hold a
great ratification conference ln
Brisbane in October, when delegates from all branches of the Australian Labor Party will be presont,
and thc decisions of the all-AiiB-
tralian Industrial Congress will be
recommended for adoption, which
we all hope will be made the future
policy of the Australian and New
Zealand Lahor Parties."
British    Workless   Are
Being Shipped to
By W. Francis Ahern
(Federated Press Austrnlian Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—At the present
time Australia, In common with
other British overseas dominions,
Is being made the dumping ground
tor England's starved and unemployed ex-service men.
These men are being drafted to
Australia by various Immigration
schemes. One is known as the
treasury grant scheme," which
has for Its purpose "the relieving
of unemployment In Britain." To
say the least, lt Is a slnistcr
scheme, since lt deliberately sets
out to make tho overseas British
dominions the resting place for the
industrial wrecks of the United
Although the Australian Oovernment ls supposed to be controlling
Immigration, the fact remains that
every week fresh arrivals from
England are landed In this country,
without any protest from the Government, an.d added to the unemployed already ln the country. It
Is suggested that far from controlling the Immigration, tko Australian Oovernment Is actually in
collusion with the BrltlBh Government tn this specious scheme of
transporting England's unemployed
to fresh fields and pastures new.
Coallnga, Calif.—Local companies whose men are not on ttrike
are employing the blacklist, They
are beginning to dischargo employes for no other reason than
that relatives of theirs are members of the Oil Workers' Union and
consequently on strike. Tho local
olllce of the Wostorn Unton ls
among the companies taking this
anti-labor step,
We Want the Assistance
of Our Readers
'T'HE h—nj trail of the politicians oan already be aeen.
•*• Tactics tbat would nauseate any decent person are
being used by the old political parties in the effort to retain or obtain the reins of government.
As the election campaign develops the necessity of
giving the fullest possible information to the worken, not
only of the tactics boing used, but as to what the real
issues of the election are, becomes more and more apparent.
In the days that are to oome, and before the election
campaign is over, the Federationist will deal with the corrupt and slimy tactics of ruling olass politicians. Exposures will be made, light will be shed on the machinations of old party heelers and the part they play in the
interests of the ruling elass. '
But in order that this work may have the greatest
effect, it is necessary that the federationist shall be placed
in the hands of as large a number of workers as possible.
This must be done by our readers. Each reader oan secure
a new subscriber) Each reader can pass his oopy along
each week and secure the attention of another worker.
By this means the work of the Federationist will be enhanced and the interests of the workers served. Will
our thousands of readers give their aid. Watoh the next
issue and see what the politicians are doing, and then get
in and dig.
Will Speak at McKenzie
School on Tuesday Next
The election campaign of the Socialist, Party of Canada In South
Vancouver, will commence on
Tuesday next, October 25, at a
meeting to be held In the Mackenzie school, Forty-sixth avenue and
Comrade Kavanagh will fire the
first shot in his campaign at this
moeting, and this meeting will be
unlike othor political meetings of
tho old parties, as questions and
discussion will be in order.
A large and enthusiastic committeo has charge of the arrangements for the campaign tn this
constituency, but it is essential that
all meetings be well attended so
that the carrying on of working
olass propaganda may be mado as
effective as possible.
Supporters of Pritchard
Form Committees in All
Parts of Riding
The supporters of W. A. Prltchard, Socialist candidate ln the
Nanaimo riding, are getting on with
the work of organizing. Good committees have been elected in the
mining sections of the constituency
and committees have also been
formed in tho lower end of tho riding, including Saanich, Oak Bay,
and Esquimau.
Meetings have been held in
Saanich, Esquimau and Victor!*,
as well as at points further up tho
island. On Sunday last a meoting
was held In Victoria for the electors
ln Nanaimo riding living In the municipalities of Saanich, Esquimau
and Oak Bay. W. A. Pritchard was
the speaker and was well received,
On Sunday next A. S. Wells will
speak on behalf of thc Socialist
candidate In tho Columbia Theatre,
Victoria, while it ls expected that
the candidate will address meetings at points further up the Island.
Manchester, Eng.—The new Furniture Guild which Is l-ping started
at Manchester is designed "to bring
about a change In tho spirit and
organisation of the Industry that
tho end of tho wage system can bo
secured and self-government established." Full maintenance for
the workers, plus cost of materials
and administration, are the only
charges to be made, and It Is claim-
that the public will thus be
saved at least 60 per cent, of the
present cost. "No profit and no
interest" is tho Guild's basis for
all transactions.
Council of Workers9 Committee Sets October 30
as Closing Date
The Council of Workers has deolded that the money collected for
the aid of the Famine Sufferers in
Soviet Russia is to be forwarded to
the Canadian branch of the Friends
of Soviet Russia at Toronto.
i It was also decided that the campaign will close on Oct. 30, and af!
collectors having receipt books are
requested to hand In their books
and money collected on or before
that date.
The,last social function of tho
campaign will be held in the Finnish Hall under the auspices of the
committee appointed by the Council of Workers, on Oct. 28. J. O.
Smith will take the chair, and J.
Kavanagh will give a short Address.
A good timo Is promised all who
attend, and the price of admission
Is only 25c.
Defense Counsel Is Now
Prepared to Go
On Monday morning, in the
Police Court, a formal adjournment
of thj case against The B. C. Fedorationist and A. S. Wells was
The case will be proceeded with
on Monday morning, October tho
24th, before Magistrate Shaw. The
Defense Counsel is now ln possession of all the particulars of the
charge and prepared to go on with
the case. Mr. I. I. Rubinowitz will
represent the accused.
Would anyone knowing tho
whereabouts of Duncan J. McLeod,
formerly of Orangedale, U. S.,
please Inform R. D. McLeod, Box
157, Coleman, Alta.
Inclement Weather Preventing: Meeting for Aid
of Famine Sufferers
J Harrington and J. Kavanagh Addressed Meeting in Pender Hall
It would seem to be Ironical that
rain, which had lt hava tallon ln
Russia during the summer, would
have saved the terrible suffering
that now prevails, should havs prevented on two occasions, the holding o_ a meeting for the purpose
ot raising' tunds ln Vancouver tor
|he.famine sufferers of Russia.
When the flrat Cambie street
meeting was called, some weeks
ago, it oould have been expected
that flne weather would have prevailed, but lt rained on the date set;
lt also rained again on Bunday last,
and the meeting was called off.
An impromptu meeting was, however, held In the Fender Hall, and
while the gathering was not large,
yet there was a deal of interest displayed.
J. Harrington and J. Kavanagh,
the two speakers billed to speak on
the Cambie street grounds, gave
short addresses on the need for
assistance being rendered to the
famine sufferers and on the causes
leading to the present difficulties,
that the Soviet government now
J. Harrington, the first speaker,
referred to the fact that In the
past collections had been taken for
famine sufferers in India and China
and that churches and schools had
Joined in raising money for, thc relief of sufferers in those countries,
but he pointed out that those countries were not run by the workers,
and that In the days famine food
supplies were being shipped out of
those countries, and that all that
was necessary was to cable the
m§aey and the food was provided
for the sufferers.
He referred to tho transportation
difficulties that Russia had to face,
and stated that if the situation now
prevailing could be used by the
capitalistic governments, it would
be taken advantage of to destroy
the soviet regime.'
Food on Hand
He referred to tho fact that food
and tho necessary equipment necessary for the relief of Russia wae
on hand, and that all that was necessary was for the French, U. S.
and British governments to say so
and it wouid go, as the Russians
had the gold with which to mako
In concluding his appeal for
assistance for the workers of
Russia the speaker said we came
not to call the righteous but the
sinners, and urged tin audience to
go to tho "sinners" those whom to
dato had not understood that the
intorests of the world's workers depended on the fate of Soviet Russia.
J. Kavanagh, the next speaker,
pointed out that following the
accession to powor by the Bolsheviks, the Mensheviks, the American
Red Cross and other agencies' Including the counter revolutionary
forces had destroyed much of the
transportation facilities of Russia.
He Instances how ln some parts
that trains wero running on rails
(Continued on page _)
New Zealand Government
Adopts Repressive
Auckland, N. Z.—One hundred
ptr cent American methods ara being used to curb the activity ot
Communists here. A police official
In plain clothes called at the Communists' Hall at Wellington, signed
nomination papers for membership
ln the Communist Party, and asked
• member, Hiss Hedwig Weltzel,
for a copy of "The Communist,"
although he had not been asked to
buy one. This resulted ln the
lady being-lined It pounds for the
sale of literature coming within the
Oovernment proscriptions, although no notification had been
Issued that the paper was on the
Oeorge' Wilkinson, wateralder,
was sent to prison for two months
for selling to a policeman (who had
represented himself as a waterside
worker) pamphlets "Inside Soviet
Russia" and "The Irish Tragedy,"
and having In possession "Knowledge and Unity," all of which are
declared seditious,
William Blair, who sold copies
of "The Communist" and "The International Communist" to a policeman after having communicated
with the private secretary of the
Acting Prime Minister and being
under the impression that no action would be taken against anyone selling the Australian Communist papers, was fined 25 pounds,
tt was alleged that these papera
incited to violence and lawlessness.
Second Wage Cut Brings
Situation toa
Danoe Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Bat
urday night in the Pendor Hall,
cornor of Pender and Howe stroota
Oood music, a fine floor and ovory
accommodation. Admission, gents
50c, ladles 25c.
Army   of   International
Officers Fail to Hold
Rank and File
Seattle—The Washington State
branch of the Russian relief has
set out to raise $1,000,000 for tho
reliof of the Russian workers and
peasants, John Ci Kennedy, chair-
man of the branch, declared recontly ln sending out a call for help
for the rami no-st rick en Soviet
lands. Active branches of tho organization, which ls affiliated with
Tho Friends of Soviet Russia of
Now York City, are starting the
campaign In all Washington cities.
A tag day will be held in Seattle to
aid In the drive if tho mayor's consent can be obtained. Milk bottles
arc being distributed ln union halls
and progressive meeting places to
collect funds for the Russian relief.
What   about   your    neighbor's
subscription ?
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Potermination League.
MONDAY—Pile Drivers,
TUESDAY—Workers'Council. ..X.."
WEDNESDAY—General Workers,
SATURDAY-D»nce, 9 to 12.
■ aiiiiiii.eii>ii»..i'ef»'>"»i»"»"e"i"0"»'i"f"i"t"*"»'i
Socialist Party Arranges
Many Campaign
J. D. Harrington, Socialist Party
of Canada candidate In the Burrard
constituency, jtddressed a well-
attended meeting at tho Royal
Theatre last Sunday, this theatro
being secured by the party as the
Columbia was too small for tho
needs of the campaign.
It ts the Intention of the party
to uso the rgular Sunday propaganda meetings as a means of placing before the workers the real
Issues of tho election and the relation of tho government to the
workers of tho country.
Last week in a speech which
bristled with facts that cannot be
effectively disputed, J. D. Harrington dealt with current events. He
also pointed out that tho averago
worker was imbued with the concepts of his masters and accepted
the propaganda of the ruling class
aa the truth,
Ho also outlined the position of
the party and why the workers
must mako a chango before their
problems aro settled.
Next Sunday, T. O'Connor, candidate for Vancouver Centre, will
be the speaker, Question:, and discussion will bo in order after the
close of tho address. A big turnout
Is expected.
The following campaign meetings
will be held during the coming
Tuosday, October 25—Morrison
Hall, 3908 Hastings Streot East.
Wednesday, October 26—Grand-
view Chamber of Commerce, 10,000
Commercial Drive.
Saturday, October 2fi—I..O, O. F.
Hall, 6th Avenue and Main Street.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Tho Fedorationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Workers Are Determined
to Run Tbeir Own
Continued from Last Week
(Editor's Note: This Is the final
Instalment of the statement on the
San Francisco building trades situation, and the position of the
Rank and File Federation. The
statement was prepared by James
Dewar and endorsed by the Rank
and File membership of 81 unionB
with tho request that the Federat
ed Press make public this outline
of their position. Previous instalments detailed the negotiations
leading up to the strike and the
formation of the new organization.)
(By James Dewar)
Meantime the conference of bull-
ding trades met daily. It elected
offlcors from tho rank and file, men
of ability and with working-class
.education and experience. Though
withholding action on tho general
strike In all industries, It did call a
general strike In the building
trades. This was put to a referendum vote of the building trades
u.iions and carried 6 to 1. Every
unton building mechanic ln the
Bay district was ordered out. In
San Francisco practically all of
them responded.
Thtn the International officers
began to Interfere. Several unions
were notified from their International offices that thoir charters
would be revoked if they participated ln the goneral strike. Others
were told they would loso their
charters tf they did not withdraw
from tho Hank and File conference.   None withdrew.
Michael Casey, vice-president of
the International Brotherhood of
Teamsters, resident In San Francisco, ordered the material teamsters ln San Francisco, Oakland
and San Mateo back on the job—
to haul materials to buildlngs
where only "scabs" were employed.
They went. This was the only instance whero the influence of the
International officers was effective.
So incensed were strikers at the
efforts of the International officers
to frustrate the Btrike that every
mention of them at thc sessions of
(Continued on Page 3)
Workers Will Resent Introduction of Piece.
Work   __■
(By the Federated Press>
Chicago—Possibility of a nationwide railway strike Increaws with
the decision of the United Statei
Railway Labor Board that rules of
the board hold aU Important by
rail workere shall be amended. The
board has authorized the railroads
to open negotiations with tha
unions for the restoration of piece
work. Leaders of the Federated
Shop Crafts have, repeatedly declared that their membors will flght
more bitterly against reversion,to
what they deem a dishonest and
health destroying system than they
would against a reduction ln wages.
In the face of the employees'
vote to strike against the continued
enforcement of the 12 per cent, reduction of wages ordered by the
Hallway Labor Board last June, the
executives have petitioned the
board for another cut in wages of
10 per cent. Drastic action on the
part of the unions is expectod. Two
million men are affected.
One story current is that the
ehlefs of the btg Brotherhoods have -
delivered an ultimatum to the effect that the rail workers will go
on strike Oct, 30 unless tho employers agree to re-open negotiations on wages and general woYking
condltlona It Is declared the railroads of the country have been divided Into groups of ten. Refusal
of the executives to deal with the
unions will result In the calling out
of the workers on that group of
roads. Employees of other groups
(Continued on page S)
J. Hogg and Tom Richardson Will Speak at the
"The Cotlapso of Capitalism" was
the subject spoken on by Comrade
Dr. W. J, Curry at the propaganda
meeting of the South Vancouver
branch of the Federated Labor
Party, held in Dreamland theatro,
corner of Twonty-sixth and Main
street, last Sunday evening.
The address throughout was interesting and Instructive, and commanded the attention of tho audience, which wus a larger one than
at the previous moeting. The present social arrangement was subjected to a minute analysis, and the
speaker was of the opinion that ths
workers should unite their forces,
and "throw lt on the garbage
heap," He was followed by Comrado Tom Richardson, F. L. P. candidate for Vancouver South Federal riding, who pointed out that
capitalism had outlived its usefulness, and that not only was there
a bitter Btruggle by the manual
workers for tho means of life, but
that struggle would be Intensified
amongst the collar and tie brigade,
who had hitherto held aloof from
working class propaganda meetings.
Tho speakers for next Sunday
meeting at Dreamland, will be
Comrade J. W,. Hogg and Tom
Rk-hardson, Meetings will also bo
held at McBride .school, Oct 25, at
8 p.m.; Twenty-ninth and Cullo-
den, and West Point Grey, Oct. 28,
at 8 p.m.
Tho Vancouver branch has decided to contest the seat vacated
by a Liberal for the Provincial
House. It was also decided to Inaugurate a series of "Open Forum"
meetings on Saturday evenings.
Tho rally of tho party will bo held
in tho hnll on Thanksgiving Day,
Nov. 7. Fuller particulars will be
given at a later date.    •
C. N. V. X. Meeting
An organization meoting for ex-
service men will be held In tho
Lumbor Workers Hall, 61 Cordova
street west, Friday night, Oct. 21,
at 8 p.m. All ex-service men interested In the C. N. U. X. aro
asked to attend. Arrangements
will be made at this meeting for
further meetings to be held at Intervals this coming winter. Jack
Kavanagh will address the meeting.
f ■■»■»'».'«
'     -WILL BE HELD IN THE—   "
Friday, October 28th
Under the Auspices of the Relief Committee for Famine-
Stricken Russia
Concert Programme, 8 to 10 Dance, 10 to 12
Oeneral Admission, 25 Cents
e i ne i i i i 11 i
ii i i e i e e e i i * e 11 e i i i m e e ,«fc PAGE TWO
thirteenth TEAR. no. «   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. a
..October. 11. Ull
THE B. C. Fl
Published every Friday morning by —I B, 0,1
Federationlit, Limited
Offlce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 341 Fender
Street West
Telephone Soymour 5871
Sub-cribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, 32.50 per year, tl.50
for alx montha; to Unlona subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor; The Hope of the World
FRIDAT October 21,  1921
THE PKEMIER of this country is attempting to confine the issues of the
eloction to a question of tariffs. The
leadef of the opposition wants to have the
issues broadened, and in this respect we
agree with the head of the
A Liberal Party, but we can
BROADER      go no further with him,
ISSUE While   nothing    definite
from a working-class viewpoint will accruo as a result of the election, yet the issue from the point of the
workers is as wide as any person could
wish. The issue is a class onc. It is one
that has been shaping itself ever since
man was first shackled and became a
slave. It is an issue that will not be
settled at this election, but must sooner
or later be decided and settled fer all
time, and the class which must settle it
is the working class.
* » *
It would be folly for ns to lead the
workers to believe that their fate rests on
the result of this election, or that the eleetion of working-class candidates will
solve their problems. Those problems
must be settled by the workers themselves. But the election of members of
the working class who understand their
position in society will aid the working-
class movement. Education is one of the
most essential things at this stage of capitalistic development; particularly is this
true in a country such as Canada, a new
country without any great industrial development, and with but little importance in the capitalistic world. Without understanding, the workers are likely,
under economic pressure, to lose sight of
the *lact that they are members of the
working class in a country which plays a
very small part in the capitalistic world,
and which could be subjected to the
greatest pressure from countries which
are of greater importance and wield a
considerable power in the councils of the
international ruling class.
* #     »»
The working-class movement is an international one. The workers of every
country should understand this, and while
realizing this fact, should also understand
the relative position of each country and
the relative strength of the working class
of every nation, what they are able to
accomplish, and what it would be folly
for them to attempt to do. The election
of several working class candidates, capa-
' ble of interpreting world happenings and
understanding capitalistic development,
would be of great value to the working-
class movement of this country. They
would be in a position, as members of Parliament, to obtain first-hand information
of the intentions of the ruling class of this
country, and more particularly as to the
influences which were being brought to
bear on the government by other nations,
and, more specifically, the power of the
United States over this Dominion.
* * *
In addition to giving them an opportunity to study the antics of a ruling class
bent on conserving its property rights,
working-class representatives would be
able to spend a good deal of their time in
carrying on educational work in those
sections of the country where such work
is most needed. This work would of
necessity bring great results in the building up of the working-class movement to
the point where it could be used in an
intelligent manner. Tne greater the
knowledge of capitalism the members of
even a trade union have, the better will
those organiatizons function in the interests of their members. The greater the
knowledge the fewer mistakes and leu
wasted energy..
« * *
But even in a wider field, education is
essential Dsy by day the class struggle
grows keener. Politicians may rave and
denounce class antagonisms, but they exist. There is a cause for their existence,
and that cause is human slavery. The
enslavement of man gave rise to the institutions which have developed into the
modern state. The shackling of the first
■lave was the commencement of he class
lines of demarcation. From that moment
there was a division in human society, for
the reason that there were two classes, one
a slave and the other a slave-owning class.
From the primitive forms of human serfdom, the modern system of wage slavery
has developed. Cloaked as it is in capitalistic "democracy and freedom," the
control of the slave class by a ruling class
is just as effective as was tbe oontrol of the
chattel slave owners over their property
in the shape of human beings. It is even
more ruthless in its exploitation, in spite
of the fact that wage workers consider
themselves free. There is no freedom
when the opportunity of securing a livelihood is denied the people by a class in society which owns and controls those
means by which the necessities of life can
only be produced. To suggest that a
starving wage slave is a free man, is nonsense, in spite of the fact that he may
have a vote, while his stomach is an aching void.
* *        •
The workers of every country have a
part to play in the struggle against the
domination of an international ruling
olass. It is essential that the workers of
this country understand the part they
should play in that conflict for the freeing of humanity from slavery. It is also
»f vital importance that they realize that
there are parts which they cannot _\aj.
Therefore in the interests of the working-
class movement of this country, and the
great international movement, it is essential that as many .workers as possible,
capable of carrying on the working-class
education in Canada, should be elected in
the coming elcctioa There "will be no
millenium result, but there will be another avenue of carrying a knowledge of
the position the world's workers hold, to
the workers of this country, and that is
worth the effort, as it will pave the way
for greater efforts in the future struggle
for the abolition of human slavery and
all the evils of the modern wage system.
That is an issue wide enough, for the
workers of this country. If the old party-
politicians can suggest anything that is
of more moment and takes in a broader
field of discussion we have not read the
history of humankind aright. In any case,
■it is wider thaa the present government
would care to have it, as it is a class
issue, and being such, is one that only
the working class would bring forward,
and working-class concepts are not in the
interests of the present ruling class.
JUST AS the people have got their attention settled on the east, events in
the west obtrude themselves and cause
further consternation in the capitalistic
world. While the eastern situation in itself is sufficient to cause
EUROPE a   certain   amount   of
MAY SUPPLY concern to the nations
THE TEST. who today are struggling for markets, the
western situation is such as to cause more
than a fluttering. Qermany is on the verge
of an approaching crisis, the press informs
us. The mark is down to a point heretofore unheard of, and Herr Wirth, the
fifth German chancellor since the revolution, is considering resigning his post, and
the aid of Great Britain is sought to bolster up his position' so that there will be
no violent upheaval in Germany.
* *        J*
As in all* other countries, Germany has
three sections, the reactionaries, the moderates or centrists, and the revolutionists.
If the present government, which is a cen-
terist administration, is overthrown, the
Allies fear the accession- to power of the
Monarchists, which is the reactionary
group. But there is even a greater fear
than that of the reactionary elements
gaining control, and that is the fear that
the defeat of the Centrists,by the Monarchists would give the revolutionists the
opportunity to seize power. Thus the Allied countries, wliich are extracting the
last cent in the shape of indemnities from
Germany, are at their wit's end to know
just what to do.
* *-.."■:•
The British government is favorable to the present German government,
not because it likes it, but because it appears to be better than would a Monarchist regime, and far better than the control
of the situation by the revolutionary Socialist group. That Great Britain will aid
the present administration, there can be
no doubt. Not because" the present government is all that Great Britain would
desire, but because its overthrow would
lead-to a clash between the Monarchists
and the Revolutionists, in which the Cen-
terists would be eliminated. In other
words, the accession to power of the' Monarchists or the reactionaries, would lead
to a proletarian revolution. Class interests will compel the British government
to line up with the present German administration. With the Russian workers'
republic already established, there is nothing on earth that the international cap-
talistic class will not do in the attempt to
prevent any further accession to power of
the workers, and the near futjure may see
the Allied governments aiding the present
German administration in order to prevent the German working class becoming
the dominant factor in the situation.
* ♦ »
We have been told of the enemies of
the British. The workers of France and
the United States have also been filled
with piffle as to the enemies of those countries, but when the,test eomes, the ruling
class of all countries will join forces, as
Ihey did against Russia, when the workers of any country threaten the present
proflt system. The German situation is
at this time worth-watching, for while all
attention is being directed to the east,
Europe may yet provide a problem that
will tax to the limit the powers of international capital.
THB Vancouver Daily World has
started a campaign to make British
Columbia more prosperous, lt is suggested in recent issues of that journal
that "onr" resources are not being developed and that capi-
PROSPERITY tal is needed in order
AND to make things better
SLAVES and   to   bring   that
measure of prosperity
which the World  management  thinks
should be the lot of this province.   In a
recent issue, the World, after suggesting
that new countries  must  be  sold   and
people induced to buy factory sites and
land, and exploit the natural resources,
before prosperity can be secured, says;
"Today the opportunity for this is
better than ever before in the history
of the province.   Conditions are im-,
proving in the Old World, but the opportunities   are  lacking.    Men  of
money are idly wondering where they
can go to better themselves; where
they can place their capital to the
greatest advantage.
"We must sell British Columbia to
these men."
•      '-•.*
Quite ignoring the faet that the World
assumes that conditions are becoming
better in the old world, while at the
same time pointing out that capital u
idle in that part of the world, it might m
interesting to know how it will be possible
to prove that British Columbia or even
Canada, are desirable places for investment, when a perusal of the financial
news reveals conditions such as are por
trayed in the following Hem which appeared in a local newspaper: '*■
"Commercial failures in Caniada
appear to be increasing again.   For
the first quarter of the year, total
liabilities   of   insolvent   companies
reached the record total of oyer
$20,000,000.  For the second quarter,.
the total was little above $10,000,000.
But for the quarter just ended failures have increased heavily to over
$20,000,000, and present indications
point to a new high record  for  the
final quarter of the year."
*         »         «
Capital will always flow to such portions of the world as indicate that there is
a favorable opportunity for investment,
which means, that there is a chance of
profits being realized. Judging-froni the
fact that those products which are peculiar to British Columbia are today, a drug
on the market, and that because of that
fact there are thousands of unemployed
through the closing down of industry and
the exploitation of the natural resources
and wage slaves is curtailed, it would not
appear that there were exceptional opportunities in this province, either for
capital or lalior. Capital never overlooks
any good bets. Those who control wealth
and live by the exploitation of the workers arc at all times seeking profitable investments. They aro able to find tham
without any assistance from newspapers,
as witness the faet that while China is not
advertised in the press as a favorable
country in which to invest surplus capital,
yet they have found that it is so, and are
today putting their wealth into Chinese
. . .
Prosperity, as viewed from a capitalistic
viewpoint, is prosperity for the ruling
class. It is the ready return of profits. In
fact capitalistic prosperity means the exploitation of wage slaves. It represents
surplus values wrung from the toil and
sweat of a slave class. A return to prosperity in this province, if that is possible,
would mean that wage worker would be
put to work, not to produce wealth so
that they who produce it can enjoy it, but
so that profits might be realized for a
ruling and exploiting class. The greater
the prosperity the greater the exploitation. True it would mean that the workers who were put to work would cat, but
that would not end their miseries, for
whether working or not theAvage slave of
this or any other country is only a week
from starvation'at any time. His position is insecure, and with the competition
ever becoming keener in the struggle for
markets, it must become more and more
unstable. As pointed out some little time
ago, the CornUm tin mines are closed down
because it is no longer profitable to work
them^as this metal can be secured much
cheaper from the Straits Settlements,
where labor power is cheaper than it is
in England, and as the capitalist class extends, its operations to China and the far
east, the white workers on this continent
and Europe can witness their masters
prospering or reaping profits frori a
cheaper brand oj labor than theft own,
but their masters prosperity will qf necessity condemn them to a lower standard of
living, and more and more unemployment.
The only prosperity which the workers
ean expect to have under the present system is in the form of a job at low wages.
True prosperity will come to them when
they produce for use and not for profit.
The Vancouver Daily World may seek to
bring prosperity to this province, but the
workers will have to make their own.
Mackenzie King asserts that the peoplo
are not'the fools that Meighen thinks they
are. Time will tell, however, and if the
people vote the Liberal ticket it will
demonstrate that Meighen had them
weighed up, but that King gathered them
A worker who has recently returned
from Ireland, has stated that thc children
of that country are now well educated on
the lines of militarism. Not to the extent
that they are militaristic in outlook, but
that thoy are able to detect military activities before they have properly got under
way, he states; "Children can detect with
the naked eye a military lorry at least a
mile away." They evidently also know
what the military represents. We know
some workers in this vicinity who do not
understand what the police and military
represent, and what is behind them. The
Irish kiddies have the best of it.,
Many questions have been asked as to
which of the candidates was first in the
field in South Vancouver. Some elaim
that the Socialist Party candidate was
first, which is correct; others that the Fed-
crated Labor Party candidato has that
distinction, if it can be called that. From
a working class viewpoint we cannot see
that it matters. While many bewail ithe
fact that there are two candidates, and an
apparent split in the ranks of the workers, it must be noted that in all countries
the workers are divided on similar lines.
This is due to the lack of clarity in .the
working-class movement and will never
be eliminated until the movement is based
on a clear understanding of the law of
surplus values, the materialistic conception of history and the class struggle.
When the workers are faced with a choice
of candidates, the time they entered the
field should never be considered; there is
only one question to be decided, and that
is, which of them has the best understanding of the working-class position and, having that understanding, will best represent the interests of the working class!
That question being settled, all there is
left to do is to work and vote for that
candidate. If the objeot of the working-
class movement at this time is to spread
working-class, propaganda and education,
then only those men who are most capable
of doing this work should be considered
by the workers when an eleetion is held.
The workers in South Vanconver will
have to decide this question for themselves, and the way they decide will
demonstrate the extent of their understanding of the workiiue. class Dosition.
By Evelyn Sharp
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
LONDON, Sept SI.—Today we
aro ln the throes of the big-
geat economic crisis this
country—and Europe generally—
has ever been called Upon to face.
Tomorrow wo may be confronted
with the Irish crisis ln a fresh and
exaggerated form. But Parliament,
in spite of a universal agitation for
Its immediate assembly, la not going to meet a day before the date
originally arranged—October 18,
Tho interval, we are told, is required by the Government for the
purpose of preparing legislation to
deal with unemployment One may
be pardoned for wondering why the
Government did not set about preparing legislation months ago for
a crisis that existed long before the
Poplar Councillors brought it to a
head by going to prison sooner than
levy impossible taxes on the poorest
people In London. The policy of
letting things slide aa long as
people will starve quietly, and then
rushing Into panlo legislation when
they begin to revolt, is, however,
characteristic of Coalition "Statesmanship."
Meanwhile labor generally -condemns such suggestions as the cabinet have already made for meeting the present trade depression
which Is at the root of the evil. As
immediate remedies, Boards of
Guardians are to be allowed to
overdraw their bank accounts, also
to raise loans to meet the cost of
local relief works; the carrying out.
of publlo works will also be financed by the treasury. To stimulate foreign trade, the loss of which
is at last recognized as a' prime
cause of unemployment, proposals
are suggested for Inducing the
banks to make advances to manufacturers to guarantee them against
loss on exports, a policy which may
be defined ae the giving of doles to
employera instead of employed, and
certain to result in the inflation of
the currency and a further riee In
The proposal of the Trada Union
Congress and Labor Party's Joint
Committee Is that the Government
should anticipate the orders that
would be naturally given during the
next year or two, and ahould besides order staple commodities
from abroad; In fact, that the Government should again become Its
own buyer and seller, ae lt was
during the war. a
Of course, this also is an "extra,-
vagant" remedy: it has been computed that It would cost about as
much as two months of the late
war. But it la not so extravagant
as carrying on our present little
wars abroad, which have killed
trade and' swallowed up our resources In destructive instead of
constructive work. At the same
timo it would be open also to the
same objection of again inflating
the currency, and to that extent
alone the later suggestions of Duncan Carmichael, secretary of the
London Trades Council, deserve
mention. He urges that the restoration to our ov/n people of purchasing power ls even more important than the revival of export
trade, and advocates the development of home or Internal production on national lines, with complete State control, while only raw
materials and food should be Imported. .
One knows In advance that this
proposal will be turned down at
once as pure bolshevism. Yet, as
Sir George Paish has said, part of
our present distress is owing to the
fact that we are Importing grain
from America, who does not want
manufactured goods in return—an
argument for trade with Bussia,
who does want manufactured
goods In return for her raw material. It is clear that no single remedy
will cure the present discontent.
Meanwhile thousands of people are
starving, and the cabinet in recess
"explores" expert proposal*
World News in Brief Paragraphs
An attompt was made to assassinate Phillip Scheidemann on Monday last
Novara.—A group of soldiers of
the 64th infantry regiment are
sending their weekly preserved
meat ration to the local Russian
Relief Committee.
Australian workers, in a conference held this week at Brisbane,
have gone on record aa favouring
the abolition of the Senate and to
permit no more' titles.
France is to have a Communist
newspaper for women. Humanlte,
in making this announcement
states that "Prance ie the one
nation in the world where the ad-
went of women in .civic affairs Is
regarded with the greatest hostility." The function of tho newspaper will be to educate the women
to their responsibilities.
Kansas City, Mo.—James Morels and Joseph Manades, members
of the I. W. W., together with the
latter's wife, were fined $100 each
in the Kansas City (Knns.) police
court after they admitted distributing leaflets at a meeting of
packing houso workers. No other
"offense" was charged against
■Lemberg—Reliable reports, said
that all Ukrainian - parties have
united themselves for a strugglo
with the .Bolshevists and have' been
promised Entente aid. The Russian government is ready,'and is
concentrating its troops on the line
Kaminitscht Podolsk—Proskurow.
Petljura will be the head of the
movement, and the chief objective,
which has been sot by the Entente,
is the capturing of Odessa
Taft, Calif.—At a special meeting
the oil strikers have reaffirmed
their confidence In the manner in which the strike ls
being ^conducted, and particularly
in the "law an.d order" policy of
the strike patrols. Ten strikebreakers who had been Introduced Into
this district hava been persuaded
to leavo again. The vote of confidence followed discussion as to
the manner of dealing with such
Columbus, Kans.—Sheriff Harvey, keeper of the jail wherein
Alexander Howat and August Dorchy are confined/ hu found lt of
little avail to limit the visiting
days to one a week. Such a flood
of letters to Howat haa poured
down on him that the self-appointed censor ls at a loss what to do.
He must read Und censor at least
3000 letters that have been sent to
Howat. Every miner has pledged
himself to write Howat and Dorchy
at least once a week.
Brisbane. (Queensland) — The
Quoonsland Labor Government
proposes to extend the scope of the
{Workers' Compensation Act to em-
brace farmers, prospectors and
others working for themselves; to
provide compensation ranging from
$10 to $17.50 a week for disabled
married workers, based on the
number of their ohlldren; and tn
widen the definition of "Industrial
diseases," so as to bring as many
workera as possible under its scope.
London—Anna Pavlowa, the
celebrated Russian dancer, has addressed an appeal "To My Generous British Public" on behalf of the
starving children of Russia. "It
would give me a deep and lasting
sense of satisfaction," she writes,
"to feel that the link that exists
between you and me is welded Into
a union for the saving of hundreds
of little lives," The money thus
raised will be administered through
the "Save the Children" Fund*
Seattle—To be arrested following thb burning of hie home because the flre did not destroy all
his I. W. W. literature, was the peculiar experience of Waino Wlrto
here recently. He was caretaker
of the Finnish I. W. W. hall, which
was destroyed by flre of mysterious
origin following a meeting held for
the Russian relief work. Police
who investigated the Are discovered the literature which had not
been consumed by the flames. Wlrto was promptly placed under ar*
rest for investigation by Federal
authorities. Police did not discover the cause of the flre.
Sydney, N. S. W.—Peter1 Simonoff, consul-general ln Australia for
the Soviet government, left Australia on Sept. 20 for Moscow,, in
order to consult with heads of tho
Soviet government. He has been
granted passports by the Australian government, and will travel via
Italy. Hp will be absent from Australia for approximately 6 months.
The Soviet bureau at Sydnoy will
be dosed., during his absence,
though Russian affairs will be
looked after by a deputy appointed
by Simonoff prior to leaving.
Oakland, Calif.—Six victims of
radical'raids, on trial here in the
first hearing under the Joint trial
act ever held In Oakland are acting as their own attorneys. Prospective jurors are questioned as to
their belief in the freedom of
speech, the press, and assemblage,
and asked their opinion of organized labor and their definition of
100 per cent Americanism,"
/ Under the new law the men will
all be convicted or acquitted together. They are George Ryan,
Howard Welton, Michael Dunn,
Patrick* Casey, James McLaughlin
and John Hannan. j
London—M. Phillips Price, Daily
Herald Berlin correspondent, telegraphs: "At the Majority Socialist
Congress there was general agreement that somo time next year Germany's incapacity to pay reparations will become apparent to all
the world. Meanwhile the pressure
of the Entente Imperialism is driving the class struggle to an acute
stage. The , German propertied
class have succeeded in throwing
the whole burden of reparations on
the German masses. Sooner or later
tho latter must rise against, this oppression, and In that day the masses
behind the Majority Socialists will
play the dominant role."
New Tork—The Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of America have
completed arrangements to send
65,000 bushels of grain, a carload
of condensed milk, 4000 pairs of
corduroy trousers and 2000 child'
ren's suits to Russia, and a still
larger shipment will be made soon
with recent contributions to the A.
C. W.'s Russian Relief Fund.
The New Tork Joint Board of
the A, C. W. has contributed a
cheque for $40,000 for tM relief
The work of making the garments which are to be sent to the
people of the stricken provinces ls
being done tn a local clothing factory by volunteer workers. This
waa undertaken with the assistance of officials of local A. C. W.
unions who have been taking Ume'
from their regular duties te help
make the clothing.
San Francisco—The Rank and
File Federation of Workers Is making plans for a State conference of
building trades uniona, to be held
probably in Sacramento. Organizers have been requested also by
uniona ,not only ln that city, but
in Loa Angeles, San Diego and Taft
as well.
(By the Federated Press)
Sydney, N. S. W.—Of the 1300
Chinese employed at cheap rates of
pay on the plantations of ex-German Samoa—now mandated to
New Zealand—800 demand that
they be permitted to return to their
native land.
They are being held against their
will, as slaves, for there is no other
cheap labor available. The native
Samoans refuse to work for the
white task-masters.
The same thing is taking place ln
other Islands In the Pacific, mandated to Australia, since the control of these islands has been placed In the hands of the companies
that exploit them,
(By The Federated Press.)
Parle. — At the International
Textile Congress here, Tom Shaw,
international secretary, said the
federation must cease to be a purely European institution. Important measures of organization are
beginning among the great textile
industries of South America, India,
China and Japan, he said.
In the last-named country, increasing necessity la shown for International organization that
should embrace textile workere of
the white, yellow aad black races
of the world.
"It Is futile for workere ln a
great exporting Industry to hope to
maintain good conditions at home
while workers in the same industry
Abroad are working long hours for
low wages," declared Shaw.
Patronize Fed Advertised.
Be a practical economist
by buying at the cheapest
The Inverness
Farm Products
Betail and Wholesale
Oor. Inverness and Ktngsway
Free DelWerlM
Phone F^lr. ISM
Furniture Store
W. want you to com. to
thli storo wtth confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpet, and Linoleum at lower prices aad
better terms.
Ho Greater Opportunity
for   tha   Working   Mea
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. 1WT
nwnoa ia nom.
nOSIST illKnull
_er cert, duwaat,
Goods That Will Help
Men'.    Knee
Three-quarter height H.50
Hip boot. $7.50
10-lnch laced .$4.00
10-lnch .nag . $4.50
Men's high top leather boot.,
heary soles, trom __.... 8.00
Scotch   Wool   Underwear,   to'
clear, only JUi
Man'. Fine Shirt* 11.10 quality for , .$1.1*
Paramattas ,
Tweeda _.	
Oilclothing at price, that can-
led.!,   boot.,    halt'  bellows    not U beaten-black and olta*
tongue — — —$7.50 .
Oor Overalls are -tin selling
Qreen Labal Underwear, gar- at reduced price.,
ment .... $1.00    —————_—.
•-^———————>    Men's  Working Shirts,  large
dold Label Underwear _..$ 1.M        and roomy ___ $1.SI
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Ring ap Phone Seymonr MM
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Suite SOI Dominion Building
Cigar Store
Kindling Free
, 5T OORDOVA tn. W.
Comfortable and Modem
Prioes ReanmaMe
Seymonr 77M-0
O. J. Mengel
Write, all classee of Insurance. Representing only flrst-
class Board companlw. If in-
surane. 1. wanted, write or
phon. Sey. 66J6.
Ollee address, 711 Board ef
Trade Bldg., Vancouver, B.C.
Greatest Stoek ol
in Greater VaneouTM
Replete In every detail
Hastings Furnitiire Ca Iii
41 Hasting. Street West
Bonds? eenrhee. 11 tm. u< T.I0 .jn.
Bander ichool Immedlltely lollowta.
■eenisf sentee. Wedneedw Mtlsuajd
aeetlat . p.m. tno iMdlaf neee,
.Ol-.os  Bl.k.  Bids.        ^^
Ton nay wish to help The IW-
eratlonkt. You can do so by rent
Ing your subscription promptly i
sending ln the subscription of yon
friend or neighbor.	
Uslaa Olelsle, writ, te prleM.   V.
tin amsrAcno-T.
In that dark kour when sympathy aad best nrriee count at
muoh—oaU ny
Phone Fairmont M
Prompt Ambulance Sentee
"A Oood P1_k» to BaP
IN aU kinds of work, rood nulla n>
quirt good implements kepi ln g*o«
oondltlon.   If th* right sort of bo*
piemen, is important to aa IndMtMl
workman, efficient tools for Udutar
tnd ootnmore* aro a necessity.
Telephono serrlco Is ons of the ta
et indaitrjr and   commerco   In   u	
oommon me and npon whloh much do*
ponds. To transmit th* vibrations ai
the human vole* from any point to any
othor point demands aa expensive taa*
onanism of the highest order of soles*
ttflo precision and an efficient orga
sation. s
and Non-alooliollo vrtne. el aB
-October 11, 1.21
THiRTEwm !>___«. No.ii   THK BRITISH COLUMBIA FKDKKATIONlST ...vancouvw. a o
Can Anything be
Too Good?
Do yon think the heat that dentistry eaa provide
too good for yonr teeth?   Can any methods be too
good for so important a purpose!
My work costs no more than less modern methods,
and yet is more careful, more thorough, more pains-
. taking.    '
Such work is not too good for any teeth—yours
especially.   If there is anything wrong with your
teeth, phone me.  .Yours may be a special case.
602 HASTINOS ST. W.  ._
Corner Seymour -j
Offlce Open Tuesday dead Friday
of Fain
I prevent, pain in every
case — either by "nerve-
blocking" or other modern form, ot local anaesthesia.
DB. BBETT ANDEB80H, formerly member of tk. Paenltr of the
College ol DcutleUT, Dnhof oily of Souther. California, Uetnrer
on Orewa snd Brld. ewor k, JJejnonetr.tor In Pistework sad Opera-
tire Dentietry, Loesl snd General Anaesthoala.
Oakland, Cal.—Th. World, Socialist Party organ of this city, and
a member of th. Federated Press,
1. .perfecting plans to Incorporate
as Th. World Press, with a capital
stock of $21,000, par valu.' of
■hare, to be $10.   All tho common
stook Is to be owned by th. Social
1st Party. It is expected that th.
new corporations will print Bot
only th. World, but also pamph
lets and other party publications.
Patronize Fed Advertiser..	
Then yon mnst HELP to feed her starving workers and
for the famine stricken in the Volga Provinces. Many
workers have already done so, DID YOU) "DO YOUB
BIT. Urge the organization you belong to to DONATE
STAND BY SOVIET RUSSIA, and thereby show your
true working class solidarity.
i  [Address all communications to:
Canadian Famine Relief Committee for the
Drought Stricken in Soviet Russia
For Twenty Yoars wt ban lssnsd this Union Stamp for ns* under onr
ora stamp xnsubis:
Peaceful Collective Bargalnta.
rorbids Both Struts snd Loeksats
deputes Settled . y Arbitration _
Steedy Employment snd Skilled Work«___smt
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers sad Publlo
Pesos snd Succes to Workers snd Employsrs
Proiperlty of Sho. Making Oonunnnltlel
As loysl nalsa men snd women, ws ssk
yen to demsnd Ihoe, bearing tbe sbovs
Union Stamp oa Solo, Insole c   ~
Oollls Lovely, Oenersl Preeldent     Charles L. Seine, Oenersl See.-Tress.
Rett Out flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquet* Pot Plute
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florist.' Sao—Ua
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
a   BTQHEfl   1
IS anting. Stntt EtM TSB Qranvllls Stmt
Seymou MM7I Seymou 951J
The M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
stall sriese periosslly s»rsi>d te
Guaranteed to Hold Oanlks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Logger.' HaU •
Phone Seymour US Repair. Done While Ton WaU
A Common Sense
Economic Law
It is good logie to spend yonr money where it
will do yon the most good. Cascade Beer is made
in Vancouver by Vancouver workmen. When yon
drink it your money helps to keep Vancouver men
in employment. Not only that; but it is acknowledged to be the best beer sold in B. 0. Insist on
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
During tta* put week word has
been received of two campt shutting down, th*M campi being, a
Japanese camp at Port Progress,
and Peterson and Wldgrens at Roy,
live delep.tei were on tbe Job ln
both camps. In the white man's
oamp there was decided opposition
to the holding of meetings, but lt
may interest our Anti-Asiatic
friends to learn that, ln the Japanese camp there was no objection
to the holding of meetings, thns
showing that the nationality of the
exploiter matters very little, in fact,
Uie Jap exploiter in this case was
not quite so raw as th* white exploiter.
If any of ttae custodians of Law
and Order are looking for evidence
of revolutionary activities they
would be well advised to keep away
from the Loggers Union for no
such animal exists in that Institution, if. it did and was of tbe palest
pink variety, the boss would never
pull off tho stunts he does. Imagine a ruling class showing,fear of
a revolutionary outbreak when tho
workers don't show sufficient courage to hold a meeting in a measly
camp to try and better th* miserable conditions existing. A ruling
olass of that nature would die with
fright If the workers only made a
noise Uke doing something.
The Timberlands Development
Company at their .camp at Che-
mainus forbid'their slaves to read
the Fedorationist and th* slave who
ls caught distributing same* ls shot
(with the order of the can) at sunrise, on* of our members was fired
recently at a moments notice when
the company was informed by a
policeman that ho waa a Union
man. They have a contractor
working for them and In his contract it is agreed that he Is not to
employ any man who is objectionable to. Timberlands Ltd,
In many camps, before a man can
be hired his record Is thoroughly
Big Stores
Wo deliver yonr orders, large or
small, FREE- OF CHARGE, to
Enst End, Hastings Park, Hastings Townsite, Vancouver
Heights, Kingsway, Fraser Avenue, Commercial Drive, Victoria Drive, Main Street, Fair-
view, West Avenues, Point Grey,
West End, Kerrlsdale and Marpole. Don't be afraid to phone
your ordors.
131 Haatings St B, Phone Ssy. 8262
830 Oranvlll* Strsst. Phons Ssy. See
3260 Main 'Strsst. Phons Fair. 1683
1191 Granville St   Phons Ssy. 8119
Choice Pot Roasts from, lb, - 10c
Choice Oven Roasts from, lb. ....12 1-2C
Choice Rolled Roasts,  lb.  . 20c
Choice Rump Roasts from, lb.  22c
.Oar famons  Fork   Shoaldoft on  sale
Friday and Saturday.   Ref. SOo lb.
Special, lb 22 l-2e
Thoy only weigh from 4 to 8 lbs.
Our famous small practically Boneless
Pork RoastB, weight from 3 to 7 lbs.
Reg.^Sc.    Special, lb 281-20
No.     1     Government     Inspected
Shoulders ot fresh killed Lamb,
from 8 to 7 lba.    Regular 25c
lb.    Special  _.  16c
Don't spoil your baking by using
Inferior lard. We soli nothing hut
the finest, always fresh and sweet.
Regular 25c lb. Special for Satur*
day morning from 7 to 11 o'clock, 2
lbs,  for  ~. .___._.  S5c
Our Sugar Cured Sliced   Streaky
Bacon, lb 36c, 40c, 45c '
Oor    Special    Mild    Cured    Streaky
Bacon on sale Friday and Saturday,
just as 'good as you  will pay OOo
lb. for.   Onr price, lb 35 l-2c
In half or whole slabs.
Take Slater's advice and buy
spuds. Fins dry mealy spuds,
sack, delivered . 91-35
Fino Highland Spuds, sack, delivered      $1,60
Fine  Dewdney  ,
livered .......—
puds,   sack,    da-
Our famois Alberta Creamery Bntter
on sals from 7 to 11 a-m.  Satur
day, 3 lbs, for Il,l>
Onr finest Alberta Creamery Bntter
on eale sll dsy Friday and Saturday, 8 lbs. for 11.36
On   sals   Saturday,    our   famous
Smoked Sugar Cnrad Pleats Hams.
Regular 28c lb.   Bpeclal, lb...Ba l-8g
| B. O. Fresh Eggs, per doien....68fl |
Del Monts Nsw Season Prunes, 2 lbs,
for  ....—.. : 26a
Del Monte New Season Prunes, large,
2 lbt. for   _. 380
Seeded Raisins, packet :,...., 21o
Not-a-Soed Raisins, packet  82c
Finest Jap Rloe, 8 lbs. for ....-26c
Finest Rolled OsU, 01b. saeh ._ 36c
Genuine Sugar Cured Hams,
avsrsgs 12 lbs. escb. Regular
48a lb.    Special, lb.  38 l-2o
Flnut Compound Lard, 2 lbs. for-36o
Veal Stew, 2 lbs. for 25c
ATcal Shoulders, lb. 18o
Teal Loins, jb _<j 25c
Vesi Legs, ft.  22C
Drs. Dumas and
Laura Flynn
X-Ray and Electro*
lt Hastings Street East
Phone Sey. 5919L
Investigated and lf he kas a blaok
mark against his name on tke loggers association blacklist, he is, on
many occasions, forced to change
hts name tn order to get a job.
Tbat the men who permit this
Intolerable state of affairs to exist.
are feared by the master class,' Is
a grtat boost for the courage oi
our masters, the flrst thing we
know, tht powers that be will be
plckettlng the kindergarten to prevent the Infants from rising ia revolt
Somo day the workers may react
against these conditions and the
ruling class will be scared stilt the
great drawback Is; the workers
don't know that the boss ls scared
of them, and our main problem ls
to bring this fact before the workers at every opportunity.
It Is doubtful lf any body of
workers have shown less action
than the loggers during the Industrial depression, it li true that no
other body of workers have had
to contend with such an efficient
blacklist, but the loggers would do
well to remember that the blacklist has almost outlived its period
of usefulness.
Most of the experienced loggers
aro on the blacklist at the present
time, which ls only natural, for lt
ls well-known that the most Intelligent workers who, of necessity, use
their Intelligence for the boas, also
use their Intelligence to flgure out
their own problems, and it ls these
men that the boss needs now In order to keep his business going.
When the price of logs was high,
tho boss could use anything with
arms, legs and a strong back; conditions are altered now. Intelligence , is also needed In greater
quantities than heretofore, and the
one-time active men will do well to
realize this.
Camp delegates and committees
are urgently requested to get busy
and send in some news o'f their doings ln camp, so that we can spread
the news of a revival of activity
in the Loggers Union,
Registered mail for tho following members at the Coast ofllce of
tho Lumber Workers, 61 Cordova
street west: Feoodozy Woweduk,
Chas. Seller, Chas. Olson, S. Gree-
ness, Andrew Forgaie and T. Martin. Any member knowing the
whereabouts of these members,
write the Coast secretary.
Anybody knowing the present
whereabouts of James McClure, a
member of the Lumber Workers
Organization, Is requested to communicate at once with T. Mace, 448
Main Street, Winnipeg, Man., or
with Albert Au, 1001 West Maddl-
son Street, Chicago, 111.
The Agricultural
Problem in Russia
(Continued from page 1)
owned, ls confiscated without remuneration and herewith becomes
the property of tho entire people,
and is turned over to the use of the
actual workers on lt." By this law
at least 600,000,000 (I have found
no accurate figures) acres ot land
was taken from the parasitic idlers
and returned to the useful producers.
The flrst application of this drastic measure was left practically to
the peasants themselves—the workers' leaders reasoning that the
former, lf given a free hand, would
surely make a better and a fairer
job of it than the multitude of city
beaureaiicrats who would otherwise have to undertake the work.
Besides, the vast expanse of the
country, the general turmoil, and
the urgency of the moment, had to
be considered. Hence, the confiscation and division of tho land was
carried through principally by the
peasant village committtees.
A Rough Phase
This was one of the roughest and
most violent phases of tho revolution. The village committees had
many difficulties to contend with,
such as the opposition of the owners, tho greed of certain elements
in their own ranks, the varying
amounts and quality of the land at
hand to be divided, etc., and many
clashes and injustices occurred,
Finally, however, the job was done
after a fashion, and tho peasant
class as a wholo sucoeeded in Ironing'out nearly all of tho former
inequalities and brought about a
reasonably equal distribution ot
the land.
According to tho law now all land
is tho property of the state, the
peasants do not own any of It.
Thoir rights are thoso of cultivators
only. Peroldlcally, they redlvlde
tho arable land among themselves,
giving each family a share in accordance with tho number of its
members, Tho laws of Inheritance
ara annulled, land may not be handed down from father to son. No
one is permitted to retain land
which he does not cultivate. Men
and women alike have equal rights
to the soil.
To look after tho farming Industry in general, a special branch of
the government, the Department of
Agriculture, has been created. This
is a pyramided structure of the
uaual Soviet typo, At tho base
stands the volosts (county) land
committees. They superintend local agriculture, -set wages, eto.
They are composed of ojp delegato
from each 500 people; surrounding
volost committees also send delegates so that the whole scheme
may dovetail together. Abovo the
volost committees and superior to
them are the district land committees. These bodies attend to general agricultural questions ln their
respective territories, allot pasture
land, eto. They are built up of
delegates from the volost land committees and the district Soviets of
workers, peasants and soldiers.
Abovo the district land committees come the state land committees, similarly constructed, and
above these tho chief land committee. The latter ls a national body,
consisting of representatives of the
state land committees, the all-Kus-
slan Workers, Peasants and Soldiers' Soviet, several national governmental departments, various
sole.jtiflo societies, eta At Its head
ls the Peoples* Commissar for Agriculture. All land used for farm-
ins,   tho  forests,  lakes,   etc,   aro
Why the Frisco   "~
• Workers Rose in Revolt
th* buildlnt trade. Ksusk aat IH.
con-mac. aun* to he .rested witk
hlsse* ud booing,
At length »letter wu sent to th.
efflc. ot erery International build-
Ing trade, anion, dlnctlof It to
"kesp it. tend. oU In 8u Francisco/* Th. lut paragraph o< tht,
lettw wu u follow*:
"In conclusion, w. hw.br notify
you that secession is farthest from
our thoughts. Our only desir. ss
for improvement and a direct expression of th. membership
through referendum, and secession
can only com. about by revocation
of charters by international.. Also
the suspension, expelling or loss of
charter of any one local to the Bay
'district afflliated with th* general
conference will mean that all or
ganization. afflliated with this general conference will ceass paying
per capita tax to th.tr respective
international, until th. local or locals discriminated against ar. reinstated and rated A-l on their international rosters."
Rot olio No Charter.
No charter, wer* revoked. Th*
international officers— eleven of
them, came to San Francisco—continued their .Sort, to terminate
the strike. '      -
It should be explained that tha
industrial relation, committee of
the Chamber of Commerce had. announced the organisation of the Industrial Association of San Fran-
Cisco. The announced purposes of
this organization wer. to "free San
Franciscotfrom labor union domination," "tJ re-establish th. fundamental right of every American
citizen to work whether or not he
ls afflliated with a labor union or
any other organization," to "see to
It that Justice is don. as between
employer and employee" ln labor
disputes, and to "break up unfair
combinations," whether on the part
of the employors or employees.
After the labor unions, the illegal
material supply combinations would
be dealt with, it wu naively announced. They hav* not been molested to date.
The Industrial Association Intends to set up a tribunal of three,
"representing the public" which
shall "in no sense be an arbitration
board," but which shall render decisions us to wage, and working
conditions in all San Francisco labor disputes'after "full and fair
The Industrial Association hu
rented the entire top floor of a large
offlce building, retained u its private counsel one of the leading attorneys of San Francisco, employed
a press agent, and put Atholl Mc-
Bean .head of a building material
supply concern and former presidont of the Chamber of Commerce,
ln charge of its establishment. It
is prepared to "represent the public" in every labor controversy that
arises henceforth. •*
Meet Bank and File
The Industrial relations committee met a conference eommittu
from the rank and HI. and gave
notice It would not deal with the
building trades union, until they
had "cleaned house." This meant
the removal of P. H. McCarthy and
the other officers of the Building
Trades Council, whom the employers charged with bad faith ln rejecting th* arbitration award. Th*
rank and flle conference, though
vehemently expressing las antagonism to the old regime of tho Building Trades Council, refused to seek
the removal of labor officials at the
dictation of the Chamber of Commerce. That was th* last of direct
The international officers continued to seek terms. But the best
they could get from the Chamber
of Commerce organization was a
reaffirmation of the "American
plan" as a basis of settlement. The
international officers then ordered
a referendum vote on acceptance of
these terms. The rank and file conference did not interfere with the
referendum, but urged rejection of
the terms. The returns on the referendum, tallied on Aug. 27, again
showed the building trades strikers
5 to 1 against acceptance of tho
"American plan."
The next day the conference of
the rank and file adopted the resolution published In th* flrst article.
The strike ended on Aug. 29th.
Many of the men returned to work
Immediately. Others, In crafts Uk*
the plasterers, bricklayers and
structural Iron workers, favorably
situated because of shortage of
skilled men of thoss classifications,
are still out, waiting for the employers to be forced to com* to
them with favorable terms. No
wago or working agreement whatever hu been entered Into,
On the day after th. strlk* wu
called off the hall wh.r* th. rank
and 111. conference holds Its meetings wu u well filled as ever.
Ther. had been ne stampede back
to work. In place ef th. usual dissatisfaction, chagrin and disappointment that mark the end of an
unsuccessful Btrike, th. building
tradesmen are manifesting a deter-
aaiaatlea te neogaiu tnd prepare
tm th* later haul, that la nr. to
oome. They bar. admitted a temporary defeat u a matter ot good
generalship,   tt I. tn faot a true*.
Their attltud* ls -typical of the
-•-awakened labor movement of
San Francisco, grown fat and apathetic through year, of prosperity,
now alert awl preparing tar the
greater struggle.
It l« launching tat* a aeert et
activities. Chief ot the*. It th.
perpetuation tt th. rank and 01.
organlutlon devoted to th* principle that tha man who work, .hould
run hi. own affairs.
Then then is th. women*, auxiliary to th. Rank and Flit Federation, organlud among, tb* wive,
and famlllu of th. unionists. It is
dulgned to focus and utilise the
purchasing power of the women of
worker.' famlllu against merchants subscribing to the Chamber of
Commerce fund and anti-union
principles. It la also designed'to
pav. tho way f.r the unified exercise of the women folks' political
power la municipal and Stat, election.. >
Beside, thto, there to th. movement for a workers' preu. Th.
Rank and File, a weekly paper owned co-operatively by a group of
labor unions, hu been successfully
running for a year. There Is prospect that th. paper will be converted Into a dally before another
As a commentary on the local labor situation, It may bs noted that
the San Francisco Labor Council,
which hold. IU meetings la public,
recently barred th. editor of the
Rank and Fi). from further attendance. The reason given wu that
he had "crltictoed" official, of th.
These activities are all straws In'
th. wind. Tbey all point to on*
direction—toward a unified labor-
movement embracing the entire
membership of organized labor in
the Bay district, Independent of
every influence save its .own will
and good judgment.
Labor in San Francisco hu been
forced to understand tbat tbe employing interest, are organized in
one big anti-union hotneine. It
knows, or is learning now, with
painful experience, that lt can only
meet such organizations with similar and greater organization.        v
It is alive, awake, thriving, growing. It may have to meet yet ether
defects. But it to determined that
tbe "open shop" shall not be established ln San Francisco without
the moat determined battle that has
been fought in the United States.
It may never have to use its power.
But if it does, and the tlm* eomes,
th* new organization intend, that
It shall be READY.
placed under the chief land eommittu u tbe land fund ot the peoplo.
Not Ideal
Although the preunt agricultural arrangement 1. a vast Improvement over the old one, by which
a few parasite, monopolized th.
best of everything, lt is by no
means the Communists' Ideal. On
the contrary, they look upon lt u
a, makeshift expedient, having little or nothing ia common with
thoir ultimate goal. It ls founded
upon an entirely different principle
than their industrial system. Its
small-scale, Individualistic, competitive production, If continued,
could give rise to nothing higher
than a cut class ot petty-bourgeois
farmers afflicted with all tho ignorance and short-sightedness lnsep
arable from suoh elements. No
civilization worth while could be
constructed upon such a basis.
The Communists are sure that
the only remedy llu in large-scale
noncompetitive farming. Already
tne beginning of the new Bystem,
tho agricultural communes, dot
tho wide expanse of Russia, Their
number ls rapidly Increasing,
Within a fsw years, If peaco prevails, it is confidently hoped that
ths whole agricultural system of
Russia will be transferred from the
old to the now basis, and the farming proletariat brought into line
ivah modern thought and development,
Railroad Workers
May Strike in U. S.
(Continued from page 1)
will be called out should tb* executives refuse to yield. Th* grouping
of the roads remains secret so that
no executive will know when his
men will be called out.
The heads of the Brotherhoods
refused to comment on the story or
make publio their plana They
have th* power to declare a strike,
and the members of the various
organizations affected hav* voted
overwhelmingly In favor of a strike
should the roads pursue their present policy of wage reduction and
abolition ot working rules and the
Railroad Labor Board continue inactive ln the defence of the national
Besides the train service unlona
the organizations which probably
would be Involved in any strike,
are: International Association of
Machinists, Sheet Metal Workers'
International Alliance, Brotherhood
of Railway and Steamship Clerks,
Freight Handlers and Station Employees, Railway Employees Department American Federation of
Labor, Brotherhood of Railway
Signalmen of North America; Brotherhood of Stationary Firemen &
Oilers, United Brotherhood of
Maintenance of Way Employees
and Railroad Shop Laborers, Order of Railway Tolegraphora, Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of
America, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, and
the International Brotherhood of
Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders
and Helpers of America.
The hundred railroad executives
ln session here are Issuing statements designed to alienate the sections of tho public not familiar with
the labor situation, by fostering the
impression that a strike will bo occasioned solely by the unreasonableness of th* workers. Executives ' announce that "they will
make no attempt to operate ln cobs
of a strike, thereby demonstrating
that the strike is against tho publlo and moving the publio to open
the roads." There is bait for others
in the promln that "every dollar
saved ln the reduction of wages
will be passed tn to th. publlo In
th* form ot reduced freight
Th* Railway Labor Board now
finds Itself without sponsors. Th*
executive, propose a petition to
Congross uklng for the abolition of
the board, and the relegation of its
powers to th. Interstate Commerce
Commission. The unions have already made clear their disappointment at the operation of tho board.
Rain Again
Prevents Aid Meeting
(Continued from page I)
mad. ot wood, and that rail, had
to b. torn up ln one place and
transhipped to another all of which
had made Russia's problem the
more difficult. He also referred to
the blockade which had Intensified
the suffering of the people who
wer* attempting to set up a new
Littl* Machinery
Roferrlng to the agricultural
methods employed in Russia before
the revolution, he pointed out that
very little machinery was used and
that the taking of a large numbor
of men from this Industry to defond
the revolution from the countor revolutionists who wore aided by capitalistic countrios, had decreased
production to a greater extent than
would have boen experienced by
countrios using machinery.
He outlined the powers that have
bcen lined up against Russia and
the tactics employed, and pointod
out that the apathy of tho workers
would allow this opposition to
grow. He also showed the Impossibility of expecting that those whose
powor of exploitation was threatened could not be expected to give
4 to 10
Oor Prices on HeaTy
Rubbers Cannot Be
Aunt Mary .Cushion Sol. Boota; nit kid, ita— taa,
cusbtoa sole; wld. In the toes, _m la heel 0>*J M
and arch,   price.,,    —  *9lotJ*J
Black and brown calfskin, double nle boota Can he
worn without rubbua. A fin. shoe tor tig thtm am
girl, or women.  Oa ul. at ,,  91 rwO
A heavy brown chrome wet weather boot If yon want
te hav. dry feet.try • pair of thu*. flood- £q nth
year waited soles ud lew hula, at— •9*7*UV'
Valuu In Misses' Calf Show, I
■old np to 15.00.   On
ul. at .._!. .	
111-*; iU lines that
Boya* hand-mad. blaek box ktp achool       £ A AB
show Hut 1-1 ft, at •P*f**7u
Pari, oil tan school boots.   Thto I* tt* tut wearing
boys* boot mad**
ll-lltf 1-tVi I ead IH
$5.00      $5.50       $6.50
Inexpensive welted nl., black
calf dru. shoes. In tw*
shape*.   A valu. that cannot
\:___z $5.95
Special duality
tan ehrom*
work boot.
Hand mad* la
our own .hop.
Plain to. and
double sole, at
Hastinga W.
aid to thou who challenged their
power. He closed by urging the
workers to carry on the work of
education so that aid oould be given
to Russia and tbe activities of th.
present ruling clau against that
country curtailed.
A collection amounting t. ISO
was taken.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Prt.U-nt, R. W. Hitler:
eecretary, J. O. Smith. Meete Sri Wed-
needey eseh montk ia th. Peader Hell,
corner of Pender ud Howe slrwls.
Ptoss gey. 891.
ell—Meete   eecoed    Monday   la   the
month.    Preeldent, J. S. Whitei sear..
tary, B. H. Neelands, f. O. Box et,
aaad brlcklayen or masons tu teller
worse,   ete.,   or   marble   setters,   phes.
grlctlsyere'  Unloa, Labor Tempts.
SERVICE men meets eecond snd
fonrth Wednesdaya of eaoh month, at 61
Cordova St W, at I pja. Jsa. Parcham,
O. B. U.—Preeldent, H. Grand; eeentary, C. O. Miller. Meeta 2nd ant 4th
Wedneaday ln each month la Pender Hall,
corner of Pender ui Howa Streeta.
Phon. Seymonr 881. *	
Assoeiatlon, Local 88-68—Ofllce aad
hall, 158 Cordora Bt W. MeeU flret
and third Erldaye, fl p.m. Seeretary.
treaaurer, T. Nlxos; bueineee agent, P.
Wt) make ——ita' Oiimenta
Bight Hen in Vaneoaver
—tb* equal In style and smartness of any offered at Canada.
Soils, Dreiees. deals, etc-o*
latest styles—the smartest nolclc I.
sll ths aew shsdes—eessplsts DM.
for year choosing.
We offer thee, larmeats lower thu
elsewhere because ws  teal  direst
ellmlaats all the middleman's prslta
Oloak & Salt Oo.
MS HA8TOHJS  ST., jftjg
ers' Union—Moots 2nd ind 4th Mondays. President, J. E. Dawson, 1645 Yew
St., Kitsilsao; secretary, E, T. Kelly,
1*360 Hauling. St. E.; rocordlng secretary,
L. Holdsworth, S8»—14tk St. W., Nortk
triut anion of all workers la lor
King and construction camps. Coul District and Oeneral Headquarters, 01 Cordova St. Wn Vancouver. B. 0. Phone Baj.
7856, J, M. Clarke, general secretary-
treasurer; logal advisors, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald A Co, Vancouver, B. C. j audi-
tore, Messrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vaneoaver, B. O.
B. C.—Formerly Firemen and OUen'
Union of British Columbia—Meeting
night, flrst and third Wednesday of eaeh
month at 108 Main Street. President,
Dan Carlln; vlcoprosHent, J. Waiting;
secretary-treasurer, W. Donaldson. Address, 108 Msln Street, Vanoouver, B. O.
Victoria Branch Agent'a address, W
Francla. 567 Johnson St., Victoria, B. O.
—ABIiated with Tradea and Labor Conncil and Theatrical Federation, Vaneoaver.
President, J. R. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, Locksley Clark, P. O. Bu 145.
Offlee and meetlaj room, B10 Leaden
Building, Pender St. W. Regular mooting night, first Sanday In eaoh month at
7:80 p.m, Busineu Agent, W. Wool-
ridge.    Phone Fraser ______
rators aad Paperiangars of America,
Local 188, Vancouver—Meeta 2nd and
4th Thursdays al 148 Cordora St. W.
Phona Sey. 3491. Buinesa agent, B. A.
an Bridgemen, Derrfekman and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, I p.m., fa O. B. V. Hall 804
Pender St. W. President, W. Tneker;
finanoial aeeretary and business agent, O.
Anderson. Phone Seymour 201.
New Westminster, meeta every flrst and
third Friday la tbo Labor Tomple, Royal
Avenue and 7th Street. Engineers supplied. Address Secretary, 1040 Hamilton Street, New Westminster. B. O.
Pbone 5037.
Employees,   Pioneer  Division,  No.   101
—Meeta A. O. F. Hall.  Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2400 Clarke
Drive; recording-secretary, F. E, Oriffln,
447—6th Avenue East; treasurer, E. 8.
Cleveland; flu in clal- see retary and bnsiness ngent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office corner Prior and Mala
Sts.   Phone Fair 8604R.
MeeU last Sunday of each month al
9 p.ra. Presidont, C. H. Collier; vice-
president, E. H. Gough; spcretary-
treasurer, R. IT. Neelanils, Box 68.
B. C, moots every Tuosday evening
at 8 p.m. ln the O. B, II. Hall, 804 PaV
der St. W. Secretary, E. Horabnrgk, Pender Hall.
of  tbe O.  B,  U,  meeta  on  the  third
Wednesday of every month.    Everybody
America, Local No. 178—Meetings hold
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Preaident, A. R. Gatenby; vin.-president, Dl
Lawson; recording secretary, a MoDonald, P. O. Beg 603; flnanolal secretary, T. Templeton, P. O. Bos 608,
Provincial Unions
and   Labor  Couneil—Moota   tm  and
third   Wednesdaya,   KnigHj   of   Pythias
Hall North Park StrsoL at a ma.  Preal-
Dr. May.,   Is  la*  peatast
t thai haa oome laoo 11* We el
■AnrBaouo nrraioL-*
la Charge of Downie HswUst___l
ltd., ltoi staalsrd Beak
Ptoses:   Bey. ttl    Bite. UllL
Ts introduce ths TTLT14
to tseuistrsts Its marreUoes
offsets ta moit aa essas at dlstaaa
wa win Uclnd. it la on mak.
coarse at treatment PEEK, sat ea
a -either inducement to ths PUB*
LIO to teat oar statements, ws VOL
duriag tha months ef Octsher SM
BoTtn-hor, (ire tha entire eescs. at
(realtr reduced ratos. As wt tan
tba best equipped esniterism, aai
tha onlr ona of lte atat sa tk.
PseUs Ooaat, lt will lap poa le
Bar-Man, SolicMon, NotarlM
Telephone Sep. 1101
Burn. Block, 18 H satin*. It W.
Vancouver, — C.
Guaranteed Coal
it our coal is not satltv
factory to yon, after yoa
hav* thoroughly tried, it
out, wo will remove what
coal is left and oharge yon
nothing for what yon hurt
Ton to be the solo judgo.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1M1 ul MS
4ent, 0. Sl.erte; vleo-preeidoat, R. B_>
Holt; eecretarr-treaturcr, E, S Wtei*
garil, P. 0. Boa »02, Vietoria B. 0,
Counoll, O. n. U... Bran-hea: PriMe
Rupert Diatrict PiiherlM Board. O.BU_t
MotelMferouB Winer.' Diatrlet Bear*.
O.B.U. SecrcBry-treaaurer, P. 0. Baa
1117, Prince Rupert. PAGE FOUR
» ■
thirteenth tear.'"Hi. ti   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopver. b. 6.
 October 21, 11
See this splendidly
Business Suit
of hard English
HERE is extraordinary value
in a business suit The materials are hard-finished
English worsteds —fabric that
wears like iron and keeps its
shape and trim tailored look
without interminable pressing.
There are browns, greys and
greens in solid colors, subdued
checks, self-stripes and silk hair
stripes—a wide choice. Tailored
in either the smart double-
breasted style with peak lapels,
as shown in the sketch, or single-
breasted with notch lapels. Trim,
well tailored shoulders and
sleeves. Coat slightly form-
fitting. "Breeks" as you like'em
—either straight or belled in the
new style. More conservative
models for older men. A wonderfully serviceable and smart
suit for the business man.
$40 value
Order by Mail
Send yonr measurements in and indicato
style' and color desired. We will forward snit prepaid
and guarantee satisfaction.
Cnt out the above, fill in the amount you are willing to
give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist,
Ltd., 842 Fender Street West, Vanconver, B. 0. The money
.will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to be
J12G.25  P. Thackray       S.00
*Yourmot___\ worth or your money back
Previously acknowledged .
L. Flood	
T. Knowles  ._	
Gus Larson 	
J. P. Rohno	
J. Elriek ..'.	
C. H. Colley        1.00
John Turner , ■    1.00
A. B. Henley :.      1.00
Robt. Pollock  I...     1.00
W. Q. Gallacher .
John Staples  1.00
J.  C.  Blair  .:....:. 5.00
A Friend   2.00
J. Donohue   2.00
J. Mailey   1.00
B. K  8.60
Total  $158.9-
Dr. J. W. Curry is to again take
up the question of evolution; this
time In Pender Hall, proceeds to go
to the defense fund.
To readers of the Fed.: Last
winter our studies on the evolution of man from Protoplasm to
Bolshevism crowded the F. L. P.
hail each Monday evening for several months. ^
The workers are interested in the
great problems of life. This has so
far, for obvious reasons, boen forbidden fruit, "lest their eyes be
opened and they should be as gods
knowing goo.d from evil," and
should choose freedom and pleasure instead of servitude and pain.
Thla year the meetings will be in
at   S
Pender Hall every Monday
p.m., beginning October 31.
Literature bearing on the sub'
Ject will be for sale and the entire
proceeds will go to tho Federationist.    s
This course this year will be enlarged and new material introduced. One of Bauch and Lombs
famous Balopticans will throw illustrations or slides on the screen,
which will greatly increase the interest. t
The subject for Oct. 31 will be
"The Basis of Understanding," in
which theoloRy and science will be
contrasted. Materialism and Dialectics, Idealism and Metaphysics
will be explained and illustrated.
Do not miss tho first subject.
Officer  of  International
Wants to Reoorganize
Pittsburg, Kan.-—FoAefiusal to
abide by the ruling of the Convention of the United Mine.Workers of America and of the International officers of the union, Alexander Howat and all other officers
oi District 14, U. M. AV., have been
suspended by International. President John L. Lewis. George L.
Peck, International Board member
for the district, has been'appointed
provisional president. President
Lewis calls upon all loyal miners
of the district to recognize the provisional district officials.
Practically all of the 12,000 miners of' the; district have been out
on "vacation" since -Howat and
August Dorchy, - vice-prudent,
went to jail to serve six months for
violating the Kansas Industrial
Court Law. Under Lewli' ruling
the men must go back to work with
conditions at the Dean and Reliance mines unchanged.
Acting President John Fleming
refused to turn the ofllce over to
Peck Thursday morning, saying he
had received no word from Lewis.
Kler Hardle oa the State
. "Theoretically, the State exists
to protect life and property; in fact
tbe modern Btate exists primarily
to protect property, and will destroy life as freely as It is destroyed  either In  the  caverns of  the
ocean or the depths of the forest
rather than allow property to be
forcibly   interfered   with   in   the
slightest degree."
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Made to Yonr Measure—10-lnch Top, Fully Caulked
Send Your Repairs by Mnil
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
—-. C. RUAIJ. STHEKT—Just a Step from Hsstings
All O. B. TJ. Help Phono Sey. 8217
PENDER HALL, Corner Pender and Howe Sts.
Whist, 8 to 10 Dancing, 9 to 1
t-f..t-*-«..fl Ml.ili.lnliHm._J
Socialist Party
Campaign Meetings
For Coming Week
,   Morrison Hall, 3998 Hastings St E.
Grandview Chamber of Commerce,
10000 Commercial Drive
_  L O. O. F. Hall, 6th Are. and Main St
New Zealand   Militarist
Sees Danger from
(By the Federated Press)
Auckland, N. Z.—Prediction that
New Zealand and Australia might
be close to the storm centre of the
next world war and a plain intimation that Japan would be the next
enemy, were made by Major-General Sir Andrew Russoll at a maws
meeting here.
Fears that England would continue her alliance with Japan have
led to speculation on the lineup in
the next war. Some of the more
fanatical "White New Zealanders"
state that they will cast in their
lot with the United States if the
next world war finds England supporting Japan.
The New Zealand Minister for
Education, in unfurling a Union
Jack presented to the Auckland
schools by the Navy League, declared that though free from the
German trouble, the world waa not
free from all trouble. There were
indications that the storm centre
was shifting from one ocean to another, and there was danger of the
gravest trouble arising.
, Important Announcement
It Is Important that comrades
and friends of the Junior Labor
League who intend to attend the
whist drive and social announced
in this column last week, take note
of the fact that the affair will be
held tomorrow, Saturday, Oct. 22.
at 8 p.m., In the F. L. P. Hall, 148
Cordova street, west, Instead of tonight, as previously announced.
The members hope that this change
of date will be spread as widely as
possible by those Interested. A-
good programme will be providod,
and a nominal charge is to be made
to cover expenses. A part of the
league's orchestra will provide the
music for the dance.
The game that was announced
as being played at Boulevard Park,
North Vancouvver, between the
Spartacans (J. L. L.) and North
Vancouver Juniors, had to be changed at the last minute to Robson
Park, The Spartacans will play
Mount Pleasant Methodists at Robson Park at 3:30 p.m. tomorrow,
Contributions to the league's library and also to their sports and
general funds are sorely needed and
earnestly solicited. The meeting
next Friday will be held at the
club rooms, 62 Dufferln street west,
8 p.m. This will be the regular
business meeting and nomination
of officers for the coming year will
take place at the meeting, For information regarding the league,
phone Fair, 1610 or Fair, 8023L.
The Coming Struggle with Japan
(By Arthur Thomson)
THE UNITED STATES and Japan have beon snarling at each
other like two tigers for some
time. In November next some of
their matters of dispute are to be
discussed at President Harding's
now well-advertised "disarmament"
conference. It is to be a great diplomatic struggle for advantage.
The diplomats of Japan will attempt to gain advantages for their
imperialist powers while the diplomats of the United States will attempt to thwart them and draw
the advantages to American imperialism. Stripped of all the trappings that will go to make up the
conference it will simply be a struggle betwoen the various imperialisms. And after the conference,
what?   War?
This conference is to be called a
"disarmament" confi'rence. But
already Harding has let It be
known that America "must always
have armed forces." And to back
up this, the United Slates is going
ahead launching and building battleships as If no such thing as disarmament were even thought of.
And Japan ueems to have little
or no thought of giving up her
navy. to say nothing of disarming
on the land. Likewise England and
France. By disarmament they
mean at best partial disarmament,
or "regulation" of.naval armament,
and possibly limitation of the size
of armies.
Perhaps we shall see that the
whole conference business is merely a gigantic scheme to pull the
wool over the poople's eyes. It
may be that the American imperialists merely wish to make thc
Japanese imperialists show their
hand and having done that to set
the propaganda mills to working
up the war fever.. One can easily
see by the propaganda now flooding the press that the Far Eastern
question ls to be of first Importance
at the conference. Japan will have
the spotlight, and you may rest assured that the "Brass Check" press
will see to It that the Japart they
portray will be the villain in the
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Sanipraotic Physician
Twelve years' experience,
Thousands   of   satisfied
Specialist in all forms of
acute chronic diseases, deformities.
Hours:   Dally, 1-i
Hon., Wed., Fit, l-»
Sermonr 8633
' Now it is probable that this conference will not remove any of the
obstacles to continued peace between the United States and Japan,
at least it will not remove the main
obstacle, and that Jb, trade rivalry.
They mny como to some agreement
about the open door policy, advocated by America, but you may rest
assured that it will not be of any
vital consequence. So that the end
of it all will still leave tho very
same thing that caused the world
war and which may cause a Japanese-American war in the near future,
The late world war was a trade
or commercial war. It was caused
by trade rivalry between England
and Germany. It was not a struggle to "make the world safe for
democracy," or to "crush Prussian
militarism," or to avenge Belgium,
or to "save civilization." Those
war cries merely served to supply
the necessary Idealism to stir, up
the war fever, and to keep the fires
burning. At bottom the war was a
struggle for commercial supremacy, a strugglo for markets.
And so would be a war between
the United States and Japan. It
would be a struggle for markets,
for commercial supremacy in China
and the other fields of exploitation
in tho Far East.
Of course, the people of Japan
and America wont be told that.
The Japanese Imperialists will
preach "defense of tho Fatherland,"
and those of America will whoop
up the war fever with "save the
white race," and "down with the
Kaiser of the Orient."
A war with Japan holds danger
for the British, as well as the American people. Such a war may
draw England in on either side. If
trade rivalry between England and
America increases, then Britain
would probably Join Jnpan, and if
some kind of ngreement or alliance
were entered Into between England
and the United States then the
British would probably find themselves on tho side of America, In
either case lt may mean war for
Britain. The keen rivalry between
the huge petroleum interests of
England and America for international'markets'would be sufficient
reason for England taking sides
with Japan if the British rulers
thought they could get away with
it. Thought of this may have prevented America from declaring
war on Japan ere this. Perhaps
that lsftone reason why American
imperialists want this conference—
so as to manipulate things so that
England will be eliminated as a
factor ln a war with Japan. America could go ahead then and safely make war on Japan—for it is
probable that lf war comes the
United States will start It.
It Is probable that the Imperialist-! of America would have little
trouble in bringing about war with
Japan and ln getting popular support. The opposition in America
to such a war at present doeB not
amount to anything, and probably
will not Increase much ln the near
future. The propagandists have
been steadily working for yearB
playing up the anti-Japanese sentiment at every turn, so that the average American ts pretty well "psychologized." On the Pacific Coast,
particularly in California, such a
war would "sell like hot cakes,"
thanks to Hearst's poison press,
An Open Letter to the Hon. H. H.
Hon. Sir:—I gather from a
perusal of the B. C. Federatlonist
of recent date, a weekly workers'
newspaper, generally reliable (so It
seema/to me), that you have recently made use of "The.Communist Manifesto" (Marx and Engels)
for the purpose of bolstering up
your .position as a candidate seeking re-election.
While this, evidently, can only
arise from your desire to offset the
arguments of the terrible working
plan whom the Socialist Party of,
Canada has been audacious enough
to,nominate against you, I am,
nevertheless, pleased to note your
growing familiarity with the literature of Scientific Socialism.
But the most pertinent question
at this moment, and the one I de-
sice to press upon you for a reply,
is as follows:
Since your quoting (apparently
approvingly) of , the Communist
manifesto (for your own purposes)
obviously suggests that you have
read at least some of it, would you
recommend (we will say for the
same purpose) tho reading of the
document by the average member
of the working class? Or do you
think that such a worker Is not
sufficiently developed intellectually:
lacking In brain power as lt were?
And lf so, since you must be
near to the heart of the Hon. Premier (Mr. Arthur Meighen), that
apt pupll'ln political artifice of the
Hon. Robert Rogers, having by
him been made Into Minister of
Trado and Commerce, would you,
if re-elected (either as private
member or minister), support and
condone the actions of the agents
of a government that moved
heaven and hell (as tho- saying
goes), to prejudice the case of a
man before the courts, by alleging
that suchan one had committed an
insidious crime by recommending
working men to read, critically and
questlonlngly, the very work which
you now make use of for your own
election campaign purposes?
For the nonce let this suffice.
Yours for a wider education of
the common people,
Somewhere In Nanaimo •
Constituency, Oct. 18, 1920.
Men's Working
The Greb Shoe, black or brown, good comfortable fitting last. Guaranteed
solid : ?....-.	
The Hen's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the offlce and get
THE immense accumulations
of fixed capital which, to
the great beneflt of man'
kind, were built up during the last
half century before the war, could
never have come about In a
clety where wealth was divided
equitably. The railways of the
world, which that, ago built as a
monument to posterity, were not
less than the Pyramids of Egypt,
the work of labor which was not
free to consume In immediate enjoyment the full equivalent of Its
Thus this remarkable system depended for its growth on a double
bluff or deception, ' On the one
hand the laboring classes accepted
from ignorance or powerlessness,
or were compelled, persuaded, or
cajoled, by.custom, convention, authority and the well-established
order of society, Into accepting a
situation which they could call
their own very little of the cake
that they and nature and the capitalists were co-operating to produce. And on the other hand the
capitalist closess were allowed to
call the best part of the cake theirs
and were theoretically free to consume It, on the tacit underlying
condition that they consume very
little of It In practice. The duty
of "saving" became nine-tenths of
vlruo and the growth of the cake
the object of true religion. There
grow round the non consumpttion
of the cake all those instincts of
Puritanism which In other' ages
has withdrawn itself from the
world and has neglected the arts
of production aa well as those of
enjoyment. And so the cake Increased; but to what end was not
clearly contemplated. Individuals
would be exhorted not so much to
abstain as to defer, and to cultivate tho pleasures of security and
anticipation, Saving was for old
age or your children; but this was
only in theory—the virtuo of the
cake was that lt was never to be
consumed, neither by you nor
your children after you.—Maynara
Keynes, "Economic Consequences
of the 'Peace".
42   OORDOVA    ST.   E.
Jutt Off OarraU Street
Comfortable ud Oleu Accommodation
for Working People.   Hot ud Oold
Water In Every Room
Bates Reasonable - Phone Sey. 117SO
The Oliver Room
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
Auto-Knitting Machine
Lessons Given.   Socks Rcfootcd
193 Gore Ave., Vancouver, B. C
H. Walton
Specialist   in   Electrical   Treatments,
Violet Ray and High Frequency foi
Rhcumatitm, Sciatica, Lumbago, Par
alysis, Heir   and   Scalp   Treatment!,
Chronic Ailments.
Phone Seymour 2048
198 Heatings Street West
Dental Plates
a Specialty   ,
O-Swis, Bridge, aad rilltaie nada
ta. ean. shade ae yonr natural
Dr. Gordon Campbe
Dental Art Establishment
Corner Robson
Over Owl Drue Store.   Sey. 51!
Socialist Party of Canada Candidates
for B. C. Constituencies
Burrard - J. D. Harrington
Centre - T. O'Connor
South - - J. Kavanagh
Contributions to Campaign Fund urgently needed.  Forward
P,   same to E. McLEOD, 401 Pender St. E., Vancouver, B. C.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items