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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 26, 1921

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH .^	
THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 33.       FOUR PAGES~
OFB10IA1 PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 26,1921
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTOBY
• $2.60 PER YEAR
RUSSIAN WORKERS HAVE
MANY RIGHTS IN ACTUAL
DIRECTION OF INDUSTRY
Every Person Has the Legal Right to Work—If They
Cannot Be Placed to Work They Are Paid-
Sick and Incapacitated Are Taken
Care of by die State
(Editor's note—This ls the tenth'
bf a series or urtldes on Russia
which Mr. Foster is writing for The
Federated Press, It deals with
labor lawa and working conditions
In the workers' republic.)
By WILLIAM Z. FOSTER
' '(Federated Press Staff Writer)
Moscow.—In no other place on
the face of the globe to the workers enjoy so many righti in Industry as they do ln Russia, This Is
perfectly natural becauae all other
countries are ruled by a few capitalists who own the Industries and
crush down the workers ln order to
(rind out profits for themselves;
whereas Russia, la controlled by the
workers themselves, who utilize the
Industries for the use and beneflt of
the whole people.
The universal eight-hour work
Hay (sevens-hour night shift) for
adults and the six-hour work day
for persons under 20 years of age;
the freeing of women from Industry, with full pay, for eight weeks
before and eight weeks after childbirth; the compulsory' weekly rest
Ume for 42 continuous hours for
all workers; the legal limitation of
•vqrtlme: the granting of two
Week's vacation, with full pay, for
each six montbs of continuous
labor; and dozens of other important measures ln force in Russia
making for the improvement of the
workers' conditions, would be considered great achievements ln the
sapltallstlc countries, where the
powerful trade unions, in spite of
long and bitter struggles, have not
been able to wjh their equal. But
In this country they are only minor
. details of a greaL social programme.
Something much moro fundamental, for Instance, than all bt them
Is the right to share in the fruits of
Industry (which amounts to the
right to live) guaranteed to all its
citizens by the Russiun government.
Right to Work
This meanB that In Russia every
able-bodied person has a legal right
to work In thc industries at the
prevailing trade union scales. If
for any reason no work Is to be
had then the applicant is entitled
to full wages during bis term of
unemployment. If an individual is
Incapacitated for work because of
youth, old age, sickness, Injury or
come other legitimate reuson he is
given a decent standard of living,
not us a mutter of charily but because of his right us a citizen of the
Workers' state. In short, Russia
recognizes the right of humun be-
} IngB to live and places the Indus
tries at their disposul so thnt they
may freely earn tbis living.
How different it is in capitalist
HELP RUSSIA
Labor Alliance Says Rus
sian Appeal Directed
to Working Class
(By the Federated Press)
New York—The workers of
America must, bo fur as possible,
themselves conduct the relief work
lor the famine sufferers of Russia,
0nys a statement of the American
labor Alliance, warning that this
JP'eat humanitarian effort cannot
Itifely bc left in the hands of notoriously reactionary capitalistic institutions.
"Russia's appeal," declares the
Alliance, "has been particularly directed to the American working-
class. The experience of Soviot
Russia, us well as Hungary, with
the American relief institutions—
the American Red Cross and the
Hoover relief administrations—has
taught them to be very cautious of
accepting their aid. Only recently
Captuln Gregory, one of Hoover's
agentB, In an article In the World's
Work, openly admitted that the
Hoover outfit was responsible for
the downfall of the Hungarian So-
tlet government."
A mass meeting to raise funds
and further plans for workors relief to the Russian famine victims,
waB held here under the auspices
pf the American Lubor Alllunce in
the Lexington theatre. Nationally
, known men and women from alt
parts of the country addressed the
meeting. Contributions should bo
mailed to Dr. J. W. Hurtmnn, editor of Soviet Russia, and treasurer
bf Friends of Soviet Russia, 201
West Thirteenth street, New York.
i|fci"i"i»i->»>,»»"»,t
countries. There the industries are
In the hands of a few exploiters. If
they flnd It convenient or profitable
to operate their mills and factories,
then they do so, and the workers
may be uble to beg opportunity to
work. But if the capitalists do not
see flt to run their Industries, then
the workers are left to starve In unemployment, as millions of them
are doing this very minute all over
the western world. Under capital-
Ism, work horses (because they are
valuable property) are well taken
care of ln good times or bad, but
workmen (because they are not
property) are thrown upon the
streets ln periods of Industrial depression and left to Buffer poverty
and despair. And yet we find hypocritical labor leaders, for fanciful
reasons, misrepresenting and condemning Russia, the only country
In the world which guarantees its
people the right to work and to
live, and where there is no curse of
unemployment.
Rights Involve Duties
Without duties there can be no
rights.    Hence, with the right of
the Russians to work goes also the
legal obligation that they   do   so.
(Continued on page 4)
WINNIPEG STREET
REPLY
Deny Press Stories as to
Severance from
theO.B.U.
Efforts of International
Officers to Disrupt Unit
Have Failed
The local press has repeatedly
reported thut the Winnipeg Street
RaUwuymeu have either left the
O. B. U. or were about to do so.
One local paper published a rebuttal of statements, that* had in
previous issues appeared on the
front page, iu the comic section, un.
der the caption, "Lower Fares in
Winnipeg," and which many readers would no doubt miss. The following statement from Winnipeg is
olllcial, and issued by the Street
Rallwaymen's press committee:
"The individuals who are trying
to start another union among the
street ear mon, are having Just the
kind of reception that is coming to
them from the boys on the, job.
As we stuted last week, thc reputa
tlon of these Individuals is such
that we were assured that they
would never get uny one with any
respect fnr themselves to link up
with ilium.
"Tho statements or misstate
ments they are making aro so absurd that they prove to any one
taht there is n0 honest Intentions
behind their motives. They have
stated thut the O. B. U. membership Is falling off and tbey can not
lust much longer. While we realize
that the 0. B. u. men know botter,
we would like to prove to those
who may not know, that this is absolutely false. For the month of
July, we paid per capita on 46 more
thun we did for the month of September of lust year, which was the
first month wo wero afflliated with
the O. B, U. and this enn be verified by the books of the Central
Labor Council. We hope these Individuals will carry on their propaganda, us results are good up to
now for tho 0. B. U. For August
already, up to the 15th, we have
had nearly three times • as many
memhers join up with the O. B. TT.
as we did for the month of July,
with twenty more applications pnid
nnd waiting to come In, which goes
to prove whnt we staled last week
thut we would be well rid of these
Indlviduuls. It looks as If the boys
on the road wero wise to these
specimens of humanity and their
tactics nnd did not feel like Joining
up with tlie O. B. U. while there
were Individuals of that calibre ln
lt, but now their day of reckoning
has come, as will the day of reckoning of every freak of that type,
the boys are feeling more anxious
to got in nnd help build up a real
working class movement. While we
realize thut various nttempts have
been made and will be mnde to dls-
(Coiiiinuod en page 4)
fHii|n|n>i |ii>.»ii|.i»->..».|
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 FENDER STBEET WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination Longuc.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
TUESDAY-Workers' Council.
THUltSDAY-Plastcrcrs' Helpers.
SATUBDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
-•*•.
IIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIlllllllllll
The Coming Election-and the Workers
f\ NCE again rumors of a Dominion election are in the
^ air. They may not be correct, yet the government
mnst go to the people within the next twelve months.
The workers must therefore determine just what line of
action will be taken when tbe election is called. It is unless to wait until such time as the flght is on before
preparations are made. The ruling class is already prepared for it. The workers must also decide on the plan
of action. There are many workers who have the opinion
that it will be wasted effort to enter into the campaign.
There are also many who consider that there is only one '
way to the goal of the working class. To tbese we refer
the satirical words of Marx penned in an article entitled
"L'Indifferenza in Materia Folitica" ("The Political In-
differentism"), which he wrote in 1873, of which the following are extracts:
"The working class shall not form any political party,
and under no pretext shall it attempt any political action,
because a fight conducted against the state would mean
recognizing the state, and that is in contradiction to
the eternal principles. The workers must not conduct
strikes, as fighting for an increase in wages or against
a decrease would mean the recognition of the System of
wage' labor, which contradicts the eternal principles for
the emancipation of the working class."
"To sum up: The workers should cross their hands
and not waste their time in political or economic movements, as all these movements can only bring direct results. As truly religious folk, scorning their daily needs,
they must cry with conviction, 'Crucified be our elass,
submerged be our race, if only the eternal principles re-
j main immaculate I' Like God-fearing Christians, they
must believe the words of the priest to despise the earthly
possessions and only aspire to gain paradise. If we sub-
' stitute for paradise social liquidation which will be inaugurated on some fine morning in some corner ot the
globe—nobody knows how, and who shall realise it—the
swindle is completely the same."
"In expectation of this famous sooial liquidation, the
working class must behave like a heard of well fed sheep
—leave the government in peace, fear the police, obey the
laws and sacrifice themselves without complaint for cannon fodder... In their daily lives, the workers must remain
the most obedient workers of the state, bnt in their souls
-they wust strongly protest against its existence and
testify their deep theoretical contempt for it by the buying
and reading of brochures dealing with the abolition of the
state; they must beware and not resist the capitalist
order with any other opposition than declamations dealing with a future society in which this much-hated system
will vanish."
REVOLUTIONARY EFFORT
OVERSHADOWED BY IRISH
NATIONALIST MOVEMENT
Class Consciousness Is Secondary to National Aspira*
tions—Belfast Employers Use Disunity Amongst
Workers to Perpetuate Partition of Ireland—
De Valera Addresses Irish Workers
THE ASIATICS
Need of Aiding Russia
Outlined at Sunday
Meeting
Soviet Russia's need of assistance in relieving the famine
stricken areas, nnd the relntion of
the working class to the Asiatic
Question provided the material for
a very Interesting discussion at
the Workers' meeting held in the
Pender Hall on Sunday afternoon.
Chairman Halliday Introduced
the Asiatic question by reading a
cutting from one of the duily papers reporting the formution of
the Asiatic Exclusion League.
After a discussion on thc politicnl und economic factors behind
this movement a resolution wus
carried requesting the Council of
Workers to hold a mus .meeting
for the purpose of discusssing the
Asiatic question and its relation to
the labor movement.
The need of giving all assistance
possible to the Workers' Government of Russia In their efforts to
deul with tho famine stricken victims of the Volga region was
strongly impressed upon the meeting. The fnct thnt droughts, locusts and other agencies destructive, to food supplies are to be
attributed to natural onuses nnd
not to forms of government wus
brought out in the discussion, as
wns tho fact that tho allied
blockade, following upon the chaos
and disorganization Inherited from
tho Csaristlc und Kerensky regimes, were among the most powerful factors contributory to .the
distress und suffering now in evidence in Soviet Russia.
The Council of Workers ls to he
requested to organize u committee
for the purpose of receiving subscriptions to a Soviet Russia
famine Relief Fund.
UNEMPLOYMENT
IS RESULT OF
Prof. Angus Gives Some
of Truth to Eco-   \
nomic Council
South Vancouver Unemployed Face Disruptive Tactics
The meeting of unemployed held
In the Municipal Hull, South Vancouver, on Monday evening was an
eye-opener to the majority of
those present.
The manner In which the engineer, Mr. Whituker, hud endeavored
to use two of the original executivo committeo by inducing them
to figure on contract work, contrary to the arrangement made
with the unemployed organization,
and hud then double-crossed them
by showing each one the bid put
In by the other, came out fn the
course of a discussion relative to
the duties of the executive committee;; The Economic Council,
through Messrs. Beattie and Miller of the S. C. R., also of the
United Soldiers' Council, or the
above mentioned individuals acting for someone else, huve been
and are trying to butt into the
unemployed situution with the apparent intention of breaking up
the unemployed organizntion.
In their concern ubout the sorrows of the workless workers,
these persons have been snooping
around to find out tbe percentage
of ex-soldiers umong the unemployed. Thoy are also concerned
beacuse single men appear to have
been ul lowed to continue living.
'Phut is unemployed single men.
They hnve ulso put forward a proposal that the South Vancouver
unemployed should pluce their affairs in the hands of a committee
consisting' of two members of the
United Soldiers' Council, two members of the unemployed, together
with one of thoso figments of the
imagination, a neutral chairman.
The meeting could not see tlie
advnntugc und turned it down.
Among the straw bosses employed
by the Municipality a Mr. Rut-
ledge seems to be very odious to
those who hnve to work for him
and hi.i manners and uctlons are
to be protested. *
It wus reported that an ordor
for 150 men for work on the C.
N. R, near Edmonton had boen
received. The wnge was to be 35
'cents per hour. No one hud laken
on the job. Six weeks ago this
job wus paying 48% cents por
hour. The wages were cut without notice and thc gangs quit.
The unemployed in Edomnton wilt
not talce theso Jobs. One wonders
If thlH situation will bo blnmed on
tho Asiatic Menace, Next meeting
In St. David's HaU.
FIREMEN fl
Return to Work on Understanding Decision
Is Retroactive
'Contrary to the stories circulated
through the dnily press, the Marine
■'Firemen and Oilers huve not definitely acccepted the reduction in
.wages offered, but have only accepted tbem temporarily pending
th'e findings of an arbitration
'board which they have asked for.
I The decision to return to work
'and apply for u bonrd of arbitration
'was reached lust Friday, uccord-
'ins to W. Donaldson, secretary of
the organization, who stated that
!on Thursday, the 18tfi; Mr. Bulger,
'the fair wnge officer, received a
wire from the deputy minister of
'labor, asking if the men were at
work, as it is customary for the
'men to remain at work when a
'board of arbitration Is applied for.
Mr. Bulger also stnted that uny decision of an arbitration board
would be retroactive.
A delegation from tbe Marine
Firemen and Oilers' Union then
waited on the management of the
C.G.M.M., who stated thnt they
would be only too pleased to havo
union men lf the wages were acceptable. The delegation pointed
out they would man the ships
pending thc decision of the board
of arbitration. The press, however, was not slow in interpreting
thc action of the men us being an
acceptance of the wngo cut on the
ships of thc Canadian Government
Merchant Marine.
The Canadian Importer, nnother
Canadian Government Merchant
Murine ship, wus sunk on Thursday some five hundred miles from
the California coast While it may
only bc a coincidence, this is the
second vessel being operated by the
government to be lost while carrying a nun-union crew.
Lumber Workers Protest
Against Increase in
Hours of Labor
Beating the air and plowing the
sands may be figures of speech but
these metaphors are exceedingly
apt on those occasions when anxious masters and well-intentioned
saviors desiro means of pacifying
workers becoming more and
more conscious of their position
and the real remedy for their
Ills, ln a sociul system manifesting
every evidence of being both moribund and derelict. This was exemplified on tho afternoon of
Tuesday of this week when Prof.
Angus, of tho B. C. University,
addressed the Economic Council
on the subject: Does tbe present
industrial system cause unemployment? The answer was; It does
nnd Is incidental thereto.
The spenker presented his points
ln systematic fashion and made
the most of the data ho possessed,
being evidently keenly alive to the
constant precuriousness of the
average worker in our modern system, and with his sympathies very
much with tho undcr-dog. His
argument, however, that tho system does not tend to produce unemployment In normal times, Is
not homo out by the facts, as
Pto, Angus himself seemed to be
(Continued on page 2)
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
|Technical Aid for Soviet Russia
The Society of Technical Aid for
Soviet Russia, lias formed a branch
lu Vancouver, und u mecitng has
been arranged to bc held on Sunday afternoon, at - o'clock, in tho
V. L. i\ headquarters, 148 Cordova
street west. Thin organization will
have charge of all emigration to
Soviet Russin, and nil interested
arc invited to attend tlio meeting.
tabor Day Picnic
The Self-Determination League
for Ireland will hold a picnic on
Labor Day, at Maple Grove Park.
Tickets nre now on sale at 50c,
wliich Includes return fare from
Mageo station. It is expected that
there will be a large turnout, and
a very enjoyable day spent.
SPREAD THE PROPAGANDA
AS an inducement to new subscribers, the Federationist
will send a copy of "left Wing Communism," an
Infantile Disorder, by Nikolai Lenin, to every new subscriber during the month of September. Each sub-hustler
sending a new subscription will also receive a copy of this
work, which should be read by every working man. While
recognizing that the Federationist itself is of value in the
work of carrying on working-class education, tho directors realize that this work must be supplemented by study
of tactics, and it is for this reason that this offer is made
at this time when an election would appear to be imminent. Some 1500 copies of this work are available for distribution, and it is hoped that the lot will be disposed
of in this way before the end of September. Every reader
oan help; every reader should, as it is in the interests of
the working olass to spread working-class propaganda.
The Federationist is engaged in this work, and the book
will also aid.  Spread the propaganda.
SAILORS TO FIGHT
(By Jessica Smith)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)   .
Dublin, Ireland—More than 250
delegates assembled In the Mansion
House here for the opening of the
27th annual meeting of the Irish
Labor Party and Trade Union Congress; 93 of these represented the
Transport Workera Union — the
"One Big Union" of Ireland—organized by James Larkin in 1913,
when its members broke away from
the Pock Workers Union. It has
now more than 100,000 members,
and it ls the only Labor organization of real strength in Ireland, including workers of several other
trades, women as well as men.
The next largest union ts that of
the railway men,"with 18,722 members, many, of whom also are affiliated with the Transport Workers.
Other organisations represented Included the National Union of Life
Insurance Workers, the Asylum
Workers Union, tho Bakers Union,
the National League of the Blind,
the Society of Brushmakers, the
Civil Servants Assistants Clerks, the
Clerical aud Allied Workers, the
Fire Brigade Men's Union, the
Pork Butchers Union and many
others,v besides all the more faml-
Support of British  Organization Pledged by
Peter Wright
As a result of refusing to continue working on Canadian Oovernment Merchant Marine ships,
due to the intolerable conditions
whicli prevailed on those vessels,
some eight men are now lying ln
Okalla. The Sailors' Union of the
Pacific has taken up their case and
Intends to fight It to a finish.
Owing to the fnct that considerable hexpense will be Incurred In
fighting the cuses, and that some
of the men In gaol aro members of
the National Sailors' and Flre
men's Union of Great Britain, ot
which Peter Wright, who has Bpent
the most of his time while in Vancouver addressing that class which
Is responsible for tlie men's incarceration, is nn official, the repre-
sentutlvcs of the local branch ot
the Sailors' Union of the Pacific
saw the redoubtuble Peter, and he
has assured those representatives
that tbe organization ho is au oili-
clal of will assist in securing tho
release of the men and in fighting
the caso.
Possibly if Peter hud have been
Interested in the class which he is
supposed to represent, he would
have seen the representatives of
the locul Bailors' unlun without
having to bc interviewed, and instead of tulklng to the ruling class
would hnve been tulklng to tho
workers who have the* everyday
strugglo of obtihilng a living on
their hnnds. Meantime some members of his organization are in goul
because of refusing to work on
British ships on which the conditions were such as no man with
any respect for himself would work
without u protest.
OF
LABOR IN
Socialists  Are  Carrying
On Active Propaganda Work
Unions   Are   Active   in
Seeking Shorter
Work Day
(By Tho Federated Press)
Chicago.—Labor ln .lapan holds
great promise for future growth
and Is of vital concern to the
wholo world of international labor,
This is the gist of u roport printed
by tho British Trade Union's labor
research department. "Tho effects
of the war, the rise In the cost
of living, Uie spectacle of hugo
fortunes being made, the revolutionary ferment abroad," tho report states, "produced a reawakening of labor activity In Japan,
Tho number of industrial workers
was now vory much larger, the
total hud ncmly trebled between
1905 nnd 1918; between 1914 und
1018 tbo number of fuctory work-
era registered In Uie returns had
risen from under a million to well
over a millon and u hulf."
rniniis Collapsed
Trade unionism proper may be
said to dato from the war with
China which btought about a
great Impetus to Japanese commercial development, in 1897 a
"Society for Promoting Trade Unions" was founded and lod to the
formation of various unions, principally among lion workers, ralt-
(Contlnued on page 3)
RESPECT FOR
I
IL S. Bankers Make Move
to Counteract Radical
Education
Will Have Lectures in the
Schools to "Educate"
Workers' Children
(By the Federated Press)
St. Louis—Here is the way the
bankers, of the United States propose to tench the children of workers proper respect for the financial
institutions of the country. The
Tho Globe-Democrat says:
"tho decision by the American
Bankers Association to acquaint
the gei.erul public more fully with
financial principles as they are employed by banks, sprang from u
feeling that thero uro forces at
work which are connecting the
terms 'Wall Street' and 'capitalistic* with ull kinds of linanchil institutions, und attempting in a radical fashion to sprcud the idea that
banks are opposed to the interests
of the common people. It is felt
thai by placing the facts and sound
banking principles beforo thc people thut the teachings and misrepresentations of the radical influences will be counteracted.
"The educational plan us proposed by the Bunkers Association,
und as it will bc carried out by its
officials and by such subsidiary organizations us the American Institute of Hanking, is a wide onc in
scope und administration. It includes n programme of lectures in
the public schools, beginning with
tho seventh grammar grade and
going through thc four >'eurs of
high school, und ulso the spreading
of propaganda und information by
the various state bunking organizations, Tho committee on public
education of the Hankers Association, whloh is headed by John Jl.
Peultchor, president of Uie Marshall und Illsley Bunk of Milwaukee, has prepared a series of ten
lectures, which are being sent to
83 city chapters of the Americnn
Institute of Hanking, The plan is
for men from these chapters to
give these lectures In the public
schools nt the rate nf one u month
during tlio scholastic ycur. In this
manner tho youth of the country
will bo taught tlie economic system
on which is based the principles
of bunking and of all business, und
through the childron the parents
will bo reached."
Communism nml Christ lanlsni
A new shipment »f Communism
and Christlunlsin hy UMiop William Montgomery Brown, D.D., has
been received by the federatlonist.
The proceeds of the sate of this
work will be devoted to (he upkeep
of (ho Federation 1st, Tho price is
reasonable, namely, 25c, postage
paid, Kcud tills work, It Ls worth
while.
liar   trades   organizations.     Even
Belfast eent representatives.
In his opening address, the chairman, Thomas Koran, called attention to the fact that the hut Trade
Union Congress held ln Dublin, in
1914, was opened by Jamea Larkin, "now suffering for his labor*
In behalf of the workera of the
world ln prison in the land of the
free'."
"We have nothing to learn from
the English Labor movement," Mr,
Koran declared. "While during th«
war the English trade unions obtained seemingly large wage ad*
ranees, theae advances fell far
short of the increase In the cost of
living, and In England now the
workers are accepting wage reductions with little apparent effort to
resist them,
'The 'Triple Alliance' has not
used one-half the power that suoh
an organization should use. Its
real strength may be inferred by
the way lta leaders (possibly referring to the visit to the United
States of J. H. Thoams, head of tht
British railway men) go abroad on
holidays."
If the employers In Ireland, he
continued, expected the same thing
would happen here, they were deluding themselves.
Different Material
"We have different union mate-
rial," he exclaimed, "and different
union methods will prevail here.
Attempts will undoubtedly be madi
to lower our wages and reduce oui
standard of living. The Labol
Party urges that in any Industry
where auch attempts are made th«
workers shall come together and
form a common council of action to
resist and stick together until tha
fight is won."
There is no possibility of a per*
manent or satisfactory solution of
the unemployment situation, Mr.
Koran said, while the existing system of capitalistic production prevails,
"We rejoice," he said, "that there
seems to be a possibility of a settlement of the question of Irish independence; but there cnn be no
settlement without complete freedom for all the people of Ireland.
We cannot recognize the right of
one part of the country to decide
that it Is not part and parcel of the
Irish nation."
The real cause of the Ulster demand for partition, he asserted, is
not religious or political,, but economic, and the employers of North
Ireland are making dupes of the
workers.
President do Valera, who was received with great enthusiasm, told
the convention that whatever progress had been mnde toward settle-
(Contlnued on page S)
RAISE FUNDS
FOR RUSSIA
Council of Workers Arranges Mass Meeting
on Asiatic Question
The meeting of the Council o!
Workers held on Tuesday evening
wos a lively affair. Many lopics
of Intorest to the workers were
discussed from the Asiatic question
to tho wages of harvesters and tl\a
conditions under which they would
huve to work.
A motion from the mass meeting
held on Sunday requesting tho
council to hold a muss meeting to
determine tho attitude on the
Asiatic question, caused a lively
debate, and the council Anally'decided to accede to the request, the
executive committee being Instructed to make the arrangements
for the meeting.
A committee was appointed to
tuke such notion as the members
of tbo oommlttee decide on to raiso
funds for the aid of tho sufferers
from the famine In Soviet Russia.
A South Vnncouver delegute reported that tho single men in thut
municipality bad been refused nny
further relief work, and that it
hnd been decided by thc imcm*
ployed that they would leave tho
work unless the singlo men were
put back to work, and requested
the councU lo give full support to
any action that might be taken If
the municipality refuses the domand for the reinstatement of the
single men. Tho council granted the
request.
A delegation which hud interviewed tho provincial employment
bureau officials reported that on
(Continued on page 3)
Whist Drive and Dance
(Under tho Au.plfc.   or lho Women's Auxllitiry O. B. V.}
FENDER HALL, 804 FENDER STREET WEST
LABOR DAY
Monday, September 5th, 1921
Proceeds to bc given for B, C. Federationist Maintenance.
WHIST 8 to 10 DANCING 9 to 12
Ladies 25c—Oents SOo PAGE TWO
thirteenth year. No. aa  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, a a
.......AUBUSt   2«,   1921
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
FederationiBt. Limited
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Offlce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, "842 Pender
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for Bix months; to Unions subscribing in a
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Unity of Labor;  The Hope of the World
..August 26, 1921
CAPITALIST politicians are peculiar
animals. They have also very singular ideas and concepts of their functions.
Stranger still are the illusions that many
people hold as to the functions of governments. For instance, many
CLEARING people are of the opinion
OT THE that if they find it im-
CONFUSION possible to obtain a living,
it is the duty of the government to find them work. These same
people also carry along with their other
mental junk, an idea that the stnte owes
them something, and because of that fact,
they must, when called upon, defend that
state even at the risk of their lives, as
many did during the bloodfest in Europe.
Premier Oliver, speaking at a conference
on unemployment last week, refused to
accept the responsibility of finding work
for the workless and tried to impress on
his hearers the impossibility of the government doing for the individual what ho
could not do for himself in the matter of
securing a living.
* * »
While stating his views on the question
of work for the unemployed, the premier
was very emphatic in his denunciation of
those who were attempting to saddle the
government with providing work for
those unable to find employment. At the
same time, like all other politicians of the
capitalistic school, ho demonstrated Ws
confusion of ideas when he attempted to
define just what were the functions of the
government, aa the following excerpt
from his speech as published in the World
will show:
"Now, I don't accccpt the theory
that it is the duty of the government
to find employment. I don't accept it
at all because I know it to be an impossibility for thc government to
meet a demand of that kind. I want
to point out to you that you are
putting the cart before the horse.
The government exists to do for the
people collectively what they cannot
do for themselves individually, and
make laws and regulations to protect
the weak against the strong, and it
is the duty of the people to maintain
the government and not the government to maintain thc people. I want
to start that as a premise to work
from."
» * *
It will be noted that the premier
Stated, "The government exists to do for
the people collectively what they cannot
do for themselves individually." Yet at
thc same time he condemns those who
think that the government should provide that which they cannot provide for
themselves individually, namely, work, so
that they may live. While denying the
possibility of the government providing
work for the unemployed, the premier
held out little hope for private enterprise
being capable of assisting thc idle by the
toning up of industry. Inferring to the
itements that have been made as to the
amount of money locked up in the banks,
he said:
"It is locked up in the bank because in their judgment they do not
think it is safe to be put into productive work at the present time. There
is no other possible explanation of
the situation."
Summing up the remarks of the premier, we can only arrive at thc conclusion
that he is of the opinion that the government cannot and is not called upon to
provide work for thc unemployed and the
ordinary channels of employment are
closed due to the fact that there is little
chance of making profits by the carrying
Dn of industry. This will no doubt be a
shock to many of thoso who have been relying on something turning up so that
they can eat during the coming winter
months. A little examination of the
situation, however, will prove that in spite
of the confused ideas of thc premier as to
the functions of the government and his
general lack of knowledge of the industrial situation, that in the main, but without his being conscious of thc fact, he revealed some truths lhat should bc driven
into the minds of the workers whether
they may happen to be working or not.
Governments exist, not as staled by tho
Premier, to enact legislation to protect the
weak from the strong, but for the purposo
of carrying on ruling class business and
to keep a subject class in subjection.
Ruling elass governments owe ho obligations to the class which they rule. Their
Only function being to protect ruling
class interests from the encroachments or
attacks from the slave class whieh they
hold in subjection, and to protect the
property of the class which dominates society. Thjj same ruling class has no concern with the slave class which it exploits. It does not exist for thc purpose
of seeing that the workers obtain a living,
but for the purpose of living on the labor
of those whom it cm-ploys when circumstances suit. The circumstances at this
time are such, that there is no chance of
making a profit from the employment of
slaves in productive enterprises. Therefore slaves are idle and wanting bread
and other necessities. Premier Oliver may
have aided in clearing the minds of many
workers from the illusions they havo held
as to tho function of the government. We
trust that the present unemployed period
will also have some little effect in dis
illusioning those who imagine that industry is carried on for the purpose of
providing for the needs of the people. If
they do, the confused ideas of a
premier who imagines he heads a government for the purpose of doing for
the people collectively what they cannot
do for themselves individually, and then
admits that it is impossible to do that
which it is supposed to do, along with
the inability of industry, as at present organized, to provide for the needs of the
people, will have the effect of making
many who now think that capitalism is
useful to human society, lose their foolish
ideas and bend thcir efforts to the creation of a new society based on production
for use instead of profit. With a clear
concept of the functions of the state and
the basis of capitalistic production,
there will be nothing-left for the workers
to do but to abolish both the system and
the institutions which it has called into
being for its perpetuation.
THE possibility of a Dominion election
is once again a daily topic in the
press. While it would not be advisable to
rely on the Liberal press, as no doubt the
wish is father to the thought on the part
of those who have bcen do-
THE nicd the fleshpots for some
COMING years, yet there is usually
ELECTION fire when there is smoke,
and there may be something
in the rumors as to the election being held
this year. On previous occasions we have
pointed out that it is useless to elect, or
oven to nominate working-class candidates who have no,, knowledge of the
working-class position. They could not, if
elected, carry on working-class propaganda, and their efforts toward the education
of the working class during the campaign
would be worse than useless.
• ■'•.,•
It is not our desire to give out any impression that the election of working-class
candidates will bring any relief to tho
workers of this country. We also realize
that no working-class group could accomplish anything in the House that would
materially benefit the workers as a class.
But it is essential that on every possiblo
occasion the work of education should be
carried on and an election is a time when
this work can be done most effectively.
In addition, the eleetion of members of the
working class with an understanding of
capitalism and the position tho workers
fill in that systom, would be of great value
to the working class movement. Men of
that type, if elected, could carry on propaganda that would be invaluable. Parliament is a ruling class institution. It
is in the hands of the ruling class and
every ruling class point of vantage should
be attacked and its functions exposed on
every possible occcasion. It is in the legislative halls that the laws which bind
the chains of the workers are enacted.
Men on the spot could far better explain
the intent and purpose of those laws and
expose their class nature than they can
when unacquainted with their objects,
and whioh on many occasions are unknown to the general publie.
* '.-■'#.        •
Canada holds a peculiar position in the
capitalistic world. It is one of the far-
flung outposts of capitalism and of little
moment in the international situation.
The proximity of the United States makes
it impossible for any advanced step being
taken by the workers of this country, and
for that reason alone, the work of education is most necessary. Not for the purpose of developing any revolutionary
action, but for the education of the workers so that they will know when not to
act. It must also be admitted that the
workers of tbis country arc not yet in
line with the Socialist movement. The object of the Socialist movement must then,
of necessity, bo the bringing into line the
great masses which arc as yet filled with
bourgeois ideas. Lonin', writing on the
tactics which he considered should bo
adopted by the revolutionary working
elass of Germany in his work, "Left Wing
Communism," emphasizes this necessity
and says in part:
"If not "millions" and "legions,"
but merely a considerable minority of
industrial workers follow the Catholic priests, and if a considerable minority of village workers follow the
landowners and rich peasants (gross-
bauren), it inevitably means that
parliamentarism in Germany is not
politically outworn as yet; hence par-
tiicpation in parliamentary elections
and the struggle on the parliamentary platform is obligatory for the
party of tho revolutionary proletariat, just for the purpose of educating
thc backward masses of its own class,
just in order to awaken and enlighten
tho undeveloped, down-trodden, ignorant masses. Just so long as you
are unable to disperse thc bourgeois
parliament and other reactionary institutions, you are bound to work
inside them, and for the very reason
that there arc still workmon within
them made fools of by priests or by
the remoteness of village life. Otherwise you run the risk of becoming
mere babblers."
W * *
It is perfectly true that Lenin's words
wore directed to the German working
class, but they are applicable just as
effectively to the movement in this country. In the east the church has a great
hold on the workers, and particularly is
this so in Quebec. We also have to contend with the properly concept whicli
the workers of this country have so largely acquired, due to the fact that in a new
country there are opportunities of acquiring land. Parliament to the workers still
means much. They have liberal and conservative viewpoints on politics. It is
this clement that must bc reached if the
working class of this country is to be
brought into line with the real working-
class movement. Any action that will
bring thc working-class propaganda to
this section of the workers is essential
It may appear to somo to be wasted effort,
but there is no effort wasted that brings
the working-class philosophy to the work
ers. Elections and parliamentary activities arc valuable because they elm '.Jbe
made use of in the carrying Joj jof
working-class education, and for that
reason every worker who has anl understanding of capitalism should bend his
efforts to see, that when the election is
called, a working class candidate is nominated in the constituency in which he resides, and to secure his election if possible without in any way compromising the
socialistic position, and so that no mistake
may bc made on this issue, only those who
have a thorough understanding oi tho
elass struggle should be selected as candidates.
Unemployment It-
Result of System
(Continued from page 1)
PECULIAR things happen in this day
of capitalistic development, one of
which is the slobbering of the ruling-class
press over the utterances of a so-called
labor man who has infested Vancouver
during the past week.
THE PRESS Wo   trust,   however,
AND A that the visits of this
SALTY TRAITOR individual, to wit,
Peter Wright, are not
to become annual events, for it ia particularly nauseating to havo to be faced
every time one picks up a newspaper,
while he is in town, with the type of
piffle that has appeared in the press this
week. We have labor men in this country
who have forgotten more than Peter
ever knew, but we don't find the ruling
class slobbering over them and eulogizing
even their inacccuracies of speech..-. We
usually hear or read that they should bc
in gaol, but then they are not sane and
safe as is Peter, who the ruling el;
patronizes because he in turn licks the
hand that smites the workers. The slop
that has been spilled over the salty and
breezy Peter during the week by the
loeal press, and in the reports of his addresses to such organizations as the Canadian Club, Navy League and other ruling-
class institutions, which no self-respecting
representative of labor would care to
be associated with, has been of the most
puerile type, and of which the following,
clipped from the Vancouver Daily Province, is a good illustration:
"Like a salt breeze from the seven
seas which the rugged seaman has
ranged for years came his trenchant
phrases, apt epigrams and occasionally blunt sentences, for as he became
absorbed in his subject he resorted to
the plain speech of the forecastle and
these rough verbal diamonds shone
all the more from contrast with the
polished setting of his peroration.
Peter is an authority on matters pertaining to the sea. At least so we are
told, and in dealing with the British navy,
to which our salty and breezy labor skate
attributes the "liberty" we enjoy today,*
he said, "Without that navy you in' Canada and the mighty colossus on the other
side of the frontienwould have been in a
hell of a mess." With the delivery of
such polished gems it is hardly to be wondered that the bourgeois element of,Vancouver has seen fit to givo such prominence to his utterances. But will our
friend please let us know what kind of
a mess we are in now if it is not the type
of mess which he so lucidly pointed out
wo might have been in?. Will he also inform us what kind of liberty the British
workers have in the old land and what
kind of a mess they are in when millions
of them are on the verge of starvation. If
that is tho liberty aiid mess that the
British navy has brought to the slaves of
industrial England, the words of Peter
Wright are the words of the most treacherous type of misrepresentation of working clasa interests that it has bcen our lot
to have to hear or read about. In oldcn
days it is recorded that a traitor who
took thirty pieces of silver, either through
remorse or shame went out and hanged
himself. We suppose that this would be
too decent a thing to ask our salty and
sloppy ex-occupant of a forecastle to do.
Ho would rather fawn on the ruling
olass which holds in slavery the elass
whieh he betrays.
Thc Rev. George Ireland, relief officer
for the City of Vanocuver, may know
something about handing out charity to
jobless workers, but when he steps outside of his sphere, to make accusations
against working class organizations which
he neither specifics or indicates, he is out
of his depth. He is reported in the Vancouver Sun of the 25th inst. as saying:
"Radical associations in Vancouvor are
attempting to prevent men from going to
work in thc harvest fields." lf the reverend dispenser of charity can make such a
charge, he should be able to give thc
name of tho organization which would be
so foolish as to attempt to prevent hungry
men from getting a full stomach. Surely
the relief officer of this oity realizes that
thero is no driving force like hunger.^ If
he does not, he should be placed on the
bread line for a while, and he would oease
talking rot for purposes which can only
be surmised. This silly canard has Been
repeated by Mr. Butterworth, chairman
of the Economic Council, and was the
theme of an editorial in the World recently. It might also have beon noted that
whenever this silly accusation is made,
that Communism and Bolshevism are nsu-
ally connected with it. Evidently there
is a system of propaganda being formulated to provide some excuse for the distress that will undoubtedly prevail during
the coming winter. It will bo fine to inform thc hungry workers seeking relief
during that period: "Well, you had the
opportunity to go and work during the
harvest, but you would not do it, and now
you come to us for relief, and we cannot
help you." It will bc a fine alibij but we
are afraid that it will be too fine to be
Attorney-General Farris wants to save
our industrial political institutions. To do
this ho calls on the employers to give
work to thc workless. We have on previous occasions suggested that if the employers could, they would put thc workers to work to create profits for them. But
they can't, so it looks as if the political
and industrial institutions must go.
aware, for later In his speech he
referred to a new type of unemployment es being Inevitable; that
following the advent of every new
invention.
World Wide
That unemployment had been as
bad, or even worse, in some previous periods, bused only upon
ligui-es taken from the trades
union records of Great Britain,
seems a particularly shaky argument to unfold. For today, different conditions obtain, tho present
situation giving the delightful
spectacle of universal unemployment on a scale never before
dreamed of. Previous Industrial
crises (and the Professor very
clearly and carefully told his audience that these recur periodically
almost every decade and why)
were differentiated from the present one by virtue of being confined to some certain industries,
or to some definite territories.
There always appeared to the
worker ln overcrowded Britain
during the depressions of tho past
the prospect of going out to the
colonies where trade generally
might have been brighter, or .of
transferring to some other industry not so badly affected by the
slump. What must be recognised
today ls the fact that the present
slump Is not confined to some several industries, or particular territories, but obtains in all lands and
fastens Ub clammy hand upon Industry as a whole. As the professor later Indicated the world
market ls pretty well known; no
new territories remain undiscovered waiting for the coming of tbe
intrepid explorer.
Unemployed Necessary
That an industrial reserve army
ls necessary for specific Industries
was a poltt presented by the lecturer, and the London docks were
cited as an example The Vancouver docks might have provided a
similar illustration. That the various companies had solved to some
extent the unemployment existing
there, by making arrangements to
take the surplus for docks that
were busy from those that were
slack, together with the remark
that Government Bureaus and Labor Exchanges had done the same
thing on a large scale, appearod
to be merely begging the Question,
and' quite evidently the Professor
knows better, in fact, that he ls
not altogether lacking in the
knowledge necessnry to a correct
appreciation of the contradictions
existing ln modern society. He
may, of course, have reasons for
not telling all he knows. However
It might be asked: How can Labor
Exchanges which merely tabulate
the available labor supply, making
It more accessible to the masters,
which merely gives them the opportunity of picking the cheapest
brand consistent with efficiency,
tend to reduce unemployment even
ln the specific instances? Undoubtedly such institutions, developed by and necessary under the
modern competitive system, merely aggravate the problem. Another argument made by Professor
Angus was not sound, aa he probably well knows, for had he followed it out to its logical conclusion lt would have revealed its own
refutation. This was to the effect
that the principle of reducing the
working day as against laying off
hands was. one greatly to be desired. But his previous statement
that new machinery inevitably
throws workers out of employment kills this contention at tht
onset. The Professor must know
that whenever the workers succeed In forcing a reduction ln the
working day, that Immediately a
fillip is given to Inventive genius,
and newer and more efficient methods are introduced resulting in
tho production of the commodity
concerned in a shorter space of
time and thereforo cheaper,     .
Waste in Business
As long as Industry remains
competitive there must be more
employed at some one time than
other," and again, "industrial competitive production results ln
greater volume than the rate required, given the market," are
sentiments that can be readily endorsed, but are obvious to nny
working class student of econmlcs.
The lecturer showed clearly how
waste arises from innumerable
small businesses vielng each with
the other in the production of the
same commodity, and how this
waste was to some'extent eliminated by the organization of the
trust. He cited the case of "the
whisky trust of happy memory"
and told how, under the new trust
organization, only a percentage of
the plant and equipment was needed to satisfy market requirements.
The Professor evidently recognizes
tho ability of the trust to organize
production botter and regulate to
a degreo its operations to tho market. All that happens ln this connection, though Is better, more
efficient, and, therefore, cheaper,
produotlon. And since the cheapening of production inevitably
means, ln the last analysis, the
cutting down ln labor tlma required, the Professor might enlighten the workers as to how this
will help to solve the problem of
unemployment?
Professor Angus seemed to sense
this difficulty, along with others,
for after trotting out his panacea
for the disease, the making of
each Industry responsible for its
own unemployed, 1, e., having the
employer carry his own out-of-
works as an Insurable proposition
ln the same manner as he now
insures against the possibility of
his plant being Idle, etc., etc., he
hit the nail on the head when he
.claimed that some sort of International agreement would have to
be entered Into amongst industrials tn the several countries, ln
which the parties would amicably
agree to apportion' the market.
This suggestion ts so delectably
naive and demands .such exceedingly long faith that lt ls questionable as to whether the professor put it forward seriously, or
whether, knowing his audience, he
spoke with his tongue at least a
littlo ln his cheek. With tho prosont huge powers (and all modern
powers are bo because of their
economic vastness) swelling their
collection of armaments; with the
Insidious diplomatic manouvres
being indulged ln for the purpose
of making or keeping "placos ln
the sun," Inevitable consequences
of  competitive   industry,   how   on
earth can anyone seriously conceive of the possibility of amicable arrangements for the proper
apportioning of the world market,
when the economic Interests of
those involved drive them wllly-
nlUy to the position of "What we
have we'll hold, and what we do
not have but need, we are going
to get."
This, then, was the solution propounded by the lenrhed professor,
a solution as possible of success
as the French anthropologist,
Manouvrler, said, "as stopping the
flow   of   a   river   with   a   bottle."
There were, however, rriany interesting ahd edifying points put
forward by the speaker, which
show that the Professor knows
more than ho tells.
Protest from Loggers
As a bitter matter-of-fact sequel
to this sweet romancing came the
reading of a letter from somo
member of the B. C. Loggers' Association, complaining that men
would not work on a piece of work
for such and such wagea. This
was followed by a Jeremiah lamentation from some- gentleman,
evidently a member of the Association, to the effect that he was
acquainted with "the writer of the
letter and know thnt he waa losing
one dollar per thousand for every
log put into the water. Since
there are now some 875 million
feet of logs already ln the water,
not counting that lying uncut at
the mills, one wonders ■ how this
calculation is arrived at, since the
timber now being cut is evidently
being held for a future market.
The antidote to tho foregoing
eame when the Rev. A. E. Cooke
read a letter from the Coast Sec.
of the Lumber Workers claiming
that employers were already extending the working day and giving the Instances. The lotter in
part states: "If the hours are to
be increased from 8 to 10 then
four men are going to do the work
of five, one man out of that Ave
is going to swell tho already overcrowded ranks of the unemployed.
    1 am not one of those
demented individuals that believe
that the unemployed problem can
be solved under the present system, but I do know that lt can be
accentuated by lengthening the
hours of labor, Just as it can be
minimized by making shorter
hours." The writer of the letter
goes on to say that the employers
aro not trying to minimize the
disastrous effects of the unemployed problem, and continues:
"Men are working today in some
camps for as low as J2._0 a day,
out of which they have to pay
.1.20 per day board, and In one
of the camps where these conditions prevail, tho round trip faro
is about J 30.00, It can readily be
seen that when a man comes to
town after a seasons' work at
these wages he ls 111 prepared to
face the conditions confronting
him in an overstocked labor market."
COAL AND PETROLEUM
Ad*
TAKE NOTICE thst I, William Willies
Patton, Broker, of tbe Oity of Vancou Yer,
B. V., Intend to apply to tbe Commissioner of Lands for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
the following describod property: Coin,
moncing at a post planted in tbe tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately wns
mile west of tho southwest corner of Lot
17, Sea Island, Richmond Municipality;
thench wost 80 chains, tbence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, tbence
south 8C chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres more or less.
Located eighth day of June,  1921.
(Signed)
WILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
Want Books
The General Workers' Unit of
the O. B. TJ. has made provision
for the library which is being
formed. The small hall has been
partitioned'off and arrangeemnts
made for the taking care of the
books. AH that ls now needed ls
works on ths Socialist philosophy,
and tho committee Is desirous of
securing any books on working-
class problems. Workers having
works of this nature are nsked to
donate as many as they can, or
loan them to the committee, who
will be responsible for their proper
care.
Theosophy
PUBLIC LEOTOBB, SUNDAY EVEKINO,
ATJOOS1 £8. at 8 o'clock. Boom 22.
Duncan Building. Subject: "An
Occult Interpretation of Slakes. Sara's
•Merchant of Venice.'" Speaker:
MISS BABBABA MACLEOD
ALV1N ROOMS
56 CORDOVA ST. E.
Quiet and Reliable
A Working Man's House
AU   modern   rooms.     Rates
reasonable.
BEST VALUE IN THE (BI
EUREKA
TEA CO.
607 DUNSMUIlt STREET
Fresh Roasted Coffoo Dally
Teas and Coffee, 3 IDs. for 11.00
and up,
TAKE NOTICE that I, William Wallace
Patton, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. C, intend to apply to the Commissioner Of Lands for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas. over
the following described property: Commencing at a post planted in the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
mile west of the southwest cornor of Lot
17, Sea Island, Richmond Municipality:
thenct west 60 chains, tbence south 80
chaina, thenco east 80 chains, thenoe
north 80 chains to point of commence-
ment, containing 640 acres, more or less.
Locatsd eighth day ot June, 1921.
(Signed)
WILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
TAKE NOTICE that I, William Wallace
Patton, Broker, of tbe Olty of Vancomer,
B. O, intend to apply to tha Commissioner of Landa for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gaa, over
the following described property: Commencing at a fiost planted In tha tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
29, Sta Island, Richmond Municipality;
thenct west 80 chains, thonoe south 80
chains, thence oast 80 chaina, thencs
north 80 chaina, to point ol commenca-
ment, containing 640 seres, moro or loss.
Located eighth day of June, 1921.
""'WILLIAM WALLACE PATTOH.
TAKE NOTICE tbat I, William WiUaoo
Patton, Broker, of tbe City of Vancouver,
B. c, Intend lo apply to tbe Commla-
sioner of Landa for a license to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, over
the following described property: Com.
menoing at a post planted in tha tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately ona
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
16, Lulu Island, Richmond Municipality:
thence west 80 chains, tbence north 80
chains, thsnee east 80 chains, tbence
south 80 chslns, t» point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less.
Located eighth day of Juna, 1921.
'"'"WILLIAM WALLACE PATTOM.
Ring tip Phone Seymour 2354
for appolnti-ient
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite SOI Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
J.H.MINORE
Fine Tailoring;
CLEANING  aiid  PRESSING
Phone Fair. 4853
234 BHOAI»\VAY EAST
TAKE NOTICE thit I. William W»lUe«
Patton. Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. O., intend to apply to tho Conunis*
Bioner ot Lands for a Moonse to prospect
for coal, petroleam and natural gas, orer
tho following described property: Com-
mencing at a post planted in tht tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
milo west of the southwest cornor of Lot
16, Lnln Island, Richmond Municipality;
thence wost 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thonoe east 80 chains, tnenca
north 80 chains to point of commenca*
mont, containing 640 acres, more or leu.
Located eighth day of June, 1921.
(SlgWlLLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
TAKE NOTICE that _. William Wallaca
Patton, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. C, Intend to apply to the Commis-
nioner of Lands for a Uconse to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, Over
the following described property: Commencing at a post plantod in the tidal
flats, Sturgeon Bank, approximately one
mile west of the southwest corner of Lot
28, Lulu Island, Richmond Municipality J
thonco west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thenco east 80 chains, thenca
north 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or leu.
Located eighth day of June, 1931.
^WILLIAM WALLACE PATTON.
—HOME-
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
We want yon to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No   Greater   Opportunity
for   the   Working    Men
BUT IN THIS STORE
_tl_MI_MIII.K THE!
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phono Sey. 1297
MENTION IBE rEDEBA-
IIOHIST ui ist yonr 10
par cant, discount.
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Oood Place to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA SIS,
We are well supplied
with Rain Clothing
for the Season
Men's Paramattas, from....$5.00
Tweed Waterproof Coats
from  913.50
Men's Mackinaw Shirts, double
back, front and sleeves,
from   »6.00
Men's Tweed Pants at ....$6,M
ltaintest Clothing.
Men's Overalls, 8-ox.j good,
strong and reliable  S2.00
Striped Bib Overall at ...42.00
Men's Khaki Punts at $2.50
Camp Blankets', pair  $1.0.0
Stanfield's Underwear.
Men's Working Boots; good,
strong, double sole throughout   $5,50
High   Top
pair	
from,   per
 $8.00
Fine Boots, made by J. & T.
Bell and Frank W. Slater1!
Stridor.
Rubber and Gum Boots of
every stylo and of the best
quality.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
REASONABLE PRICES
WORK GUARANTEED
S. E. Gibson
PAINTEIt
AND   PAI'KIUIANGBR
I'll be on the Job myself.
1220—21st Avenue East
Pbone Fair. Bin
"FELLOW-WORKBS"
0. J. Mengel
Writes all classes ot Insurnnce. Representing only flrst-
clasa Board companies. If Insurance la wanted, write or
phone Sey. 0626.
Ofllce address, 712 Board of
Trade Bldg., Vancouver, B.C.
Greatest Stock ofl
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
tl Butllf ■ ItnM WM
What    about   your    neighbor'!
subscription ?
OOWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PBINTEHS, FtJBHSHEBS, STEMO-
TTPERS AND BOOKBINDBBS
112$ HOWE STREET
Union Official., write for prices.   Wa
(Ire SATISFACTION.
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
2S3 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER
Pbone Fairmont 5$
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phone Sey. 221      Day or Night
NUNN AND THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
531 Homer St.  Vnncouver, B. C
HARRON BROS.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Prlcea
Foirvlew: Office and Chapal.
2398 Qranvllle Street
Phone Bay S200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 122 Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 131.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 2123 Main St.
Phone Fairmont 68.
FIRST CHURCH OE
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 oeorit* stmt
Sunday services, 11 a.m. ud 7.10 p.n
Sunday ichool immediately (ollowU)
morning servioe.    Wedneiday teitlme&U
St?i baS' Jt ,.v,m-,AVn%   "■dm   *oem
801-908   Birks   Bide. ^
FOUR   MINUTES    TO    COMPLETE
0A1LS TO VAHOOUVEB ISLAND
Hnvo you tried the long dlstanra
telephone service between tha main*
land and Vancouver Island lately I
The additional submarine cable glysa
ample facilities, and the average call
Is completed In four minutes. That'i
pretty good going, when it ia remembered that Central hunts np tha party
wanted and gots him on tha lino. Try
It and see.
Between 7 p.m. and 8 a.m. you gal
three times  tba day period at tlw
Same price.
BBITISH OOLUMIBA  TELEPHONE
OOMPANT
BB SUBB TOU OBI
VAN BROS.
YVH__t- TOU ASK rOB
-CIDER-
■tit Non-alcoholic wUet of ill
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION FRIDAY August 20, laat
iHiuTisE.NTH YEAR. no. 33   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDEKATIONIST  vakcocver. b. c
1
fA-'ii 1HKEB
Bad Teeth Drive
Out Good Teeth
They not only quickly spread decay and cause a
deformation of the other teeth, hut they also spoil
the charm of the entire act.
The mouth is the breeding place of germs, and
they go to the bad teeth.    They help drive out
the good teeth.
Good teeth mean a clean month, a healthy body
and a pleasing appearance.    Let me make all
your teeth good teeth.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINGS ST. W.
Comer Seymour
,       PHONE SEYMOUR SS81
Once Open Tuesday and Friday
Evening!
LOW PRICES
1 charge no "fancy*
prices—the same prices to
everybody and they the
lowest. Oet my estimate
on dental work—lt wilt
please you.
DB.  BRETT  ANDERSON, formarly membsr of ths Taeellr of tba
Coll-g« of Dsntlstry, Uol.arsltr of Ekmlkara California, Lsctnrsr
on Crown and Brldfowo--, Dsmonstrator is Platswsrk and Opera.
tire Dentistry, Local snd Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Victory Bonds Accepted at Par for Dental Work
PITMAN
BUSINESS
COLLEGE
Established 1898
Fall Term Opens
AUG. 29 or SEPT. 6
Students may enter at
any time as the system
of tuition Is Individual.
Prepare to accept the important positions which are always waiting for young men
and women who are thoroughly trained.
They will want YOU
They, will need YOU
They will demand YOU
Attend the Pitman College,
where competent instructors
will give you the training you
require.
422 RICHARDS ST.
Phone Seymour 8135
"Left Wing"
Communism
An Infantile Disorder
(By Nikolai Lenin)
NOW ON SALE BT THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or mora copies at the rate of 20c per copy, postage
paid.  Oet your orders in quick, u there will not
be a second edition,
For twenty Lara wt hava Issued tbls Union Stamp for tue under onr
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAMP INSURES:
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Forbidi Both Strikes tnd Lookoits
Disputes Settled by Arbitration
Steed? Employment aud Skilled WorirmaniMi
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers ud Publio
Peace and Succeit to Workers and Employen
Proiperlty of Shoe Making Communities
Aa loyal'unloa men and women we aak
you to domand ihoei bearing the above
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole ox Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
216 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
Collia Lorsly, Oeneral Pr.ald.it.   Charles I_ Bains. Qaneral __e.-Treas.
Troth Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Weeding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOEISTS AHD NOBBEBYMEN
8—STOBES—«
« Bastings Street East 728 Oranvllle Stnet
Seymour 088-878 Soymonr 95J3
UKIOH MADE
The IM.T. Loggers' Boot
Mali ordera personally attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caullci and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
C- CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. O.
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymonr -50 Repairs Dono While Ton Walt
A $200.000 Payroll
That's what it cost in wages to make Cascade
Beer in Vancouver last year. When you drink
Cascade, you not only help your fellow workmen, but you drink a beer that for thirty years
has been the best beer sold in B. C.
GUARANTEED FULL
STRENGTH
NOT LESS THAN 8<
PROOF SPIRIT
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
ORGANIZER'S REPORT        '
Called at Damaresq's camp, and
found that the crew had left with
the exception of 6 or 7 men, and
they will be through In a few days,
as the claim Is finished.
At Hanson's camp, the slaves are
working a nine-hour day. I talked
to some of the men, and they informed me that when the boss approached, the slaves on the nine-
hour day proposition; a meeting
waa held, and the aforementioned
slaves voted in favor of'accepting
a nine-hour day. I did not hold
any meeting in that camp, as I
held a meeting when I was there
the first time, and couldn't get a
delegate elected. 1 therefore decided to let them scab ln peace.
hoping that the time will come
very shortly when they will have
to work 15 hours a day, as this
class of slaves is only satlslled
when producing proflt for the boss.
There, are only a few men in Mc
ft Mc'a camp at Beaver Creek, and
the camp is closing down ln a few
days, as the claim is finished. It
was reported in Vancouver that
this was a 9-hour camp. That is
not so; they are still on an 8-hour
day.
Held a meeting at Peterson &
Wldegren's camp, and got a dele
gate elected. Thia camp started
up a few weeks ago; the men are
broke, consequently a didn't collect
any dues. After the meeting, I
wasijrdered to take my boat away
from the xompany's float
Called at Elk Bay Logging Co's.
camp, and held a meeting on the
beach; only 10 or 12 men showed
up, and the slave driver was one
of them. He ordered me off the
beach. I didn't have to go, as I
was below high-water mark. The
only way to get me oft tbe beach
was by force, and this type of man
won't try that except on some one
smaller than themselves. He reminded one of a yapping watch
dog. He had to do a lot of barking to let his master know that his
instructions were being carried out,
The poor deluded fool cannot see
that we are fighting his battle, as
his standard of living rises and
falls with ours.
Called at Camp C, Crawford Anchorage, sold some literature, and
collected about $30 dues. Bernard's camp at Orford Bay is closing
down, owing to lack of market for
logs.
OAMPHELL'S CAMP, OARDERO
CHANNEL
The men in this camp, at their
regular meeting, wish to send congratulations to the workers from
Camps 7, A and B, Ocean Falls,
upon their decided stand on the
question of the 10-hour day, and
also go on record as condemning
the action of tho workera of Camp
17, Ocean Falls, for the!.' treachery to the Lumber Workers of
Canada, in accepting the 10-hour
Slater'!
ana Egg lungs
FREE DELIVERY
Provision Dept.
THE  BIGGEST  SPECIAL
SINCE 1914
On sale on Friday  and  Saturday,
our famoua. Segar (.'tired, Boneless
Cottage Holla, weighing from 4 to
7 lbs,    Roe. 38c lb., speeial, per
pound     29 l-2c
Don't Miss Thin Spatial
Oo sale on Saturday morning trom 7
to 11 o'clock. Our famous Alborta
Creamery Butter, 3 lbs. for. $1.15
BUTTEB BUTTEB BUTTEB
On sale on Friday and Saturday,
Freah Churned Dairy Butter, per
lb.    _    36c
BAOON BAOON BAOON
On sal* Friday and Saturday. Our
famous sugar enred bacon, in 2 and
3-lb. pieces (just cured Uk* Hham*
rock Bacon). Reg. :itfc lb. Spccinl,
lb.  _.„ 33 .-2c
PICNIC HAMS
Wo specialise In Picnic Hams.  Oa
salo on Friday and Saturday! our
fuinous Plcnlo Hums,  speeial, opr
lb  26 l-2c
Finest Puro Lmrd, lb _ 22a
Finest Lard Compound, 2 lba. for..S5c
Flnost Canadian Cheese, lb. ___. SOo
Fino  Tasty  Choose,  lb. -  fffffl
Fresh Meat Dept.
( Choico  Pot  Roasts   from,   lb,..10o |
Choice Oven Roasts from „.._. lOe
Choico Rolled Rossts, lb.. 20c
Choico Boiling Beof from _. 6c
SPRING LAMB
Spring Lamb Stew ...--_. 15c
Spring Lamb Shouldori 23 l-2c
Spring Lamb Loins 29 l-2c
Spring Lamb Legs  . 35 l-2c
Roast Boef Dripping, Ib. 20c
Beef Dripping, 2 lbs. for 25o
Grocery Specials
...2Bc
Choice Sslmon, i_ tins for .
Choice Sardines, 4 tins for  25c
Clark's Pork and Beans, I tins ....SOe
Finest Small White Beans, S lbs...25o
Nabob Vinegar, bottle -.___. 2Sc
Finest Marmalade, No. 2 tin........45c
Finest Salt, fl sacks for   25c
Nabob Sookeyo Salmon, J4-lb. tin..30c
Nabob Sookeyo Salmon, Mb. .in.Me
Sweet Pickles, bottlo -  30c
Sour Picklea,  bottlo . 26c
Tomato Sauce, bottle   2fic
....350
Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sack .
Four Big Stores
123 Hastings (Head Offlco) Sey. 3262
830 Oraaville Stnet Soy. 866
3260 Main Street Fair. 1683
Wost End Market  (Oor. Dane and
Qranrtlle) Say. 6149
day, and if they have any working
claas principles left, we suggest
that they come off tbe Job at once.
If at all possible, their names and
card numbers should be obtained'
and published in The Federationist,
so that the workers in the lumber
industry can hand out working-
class justice to them, when they
meet them on some other job.
Delegate and Camp Committee.
France
COAST DISTRICT
During the week all organizations In the city have been aaked
to register their protest against the
attempt of the Pacific Mills to inaugurate the 10-hour day. Replies have been received from some
stating thoir willingness to do so,
and judging from some replies that
have bcen received from the Hon.
John Oliver, of 16-hour day and 15
cents an hour fame, it would appear that the early training of that
gentleman has had a marked effect
upon his mentality. One reply received, simply stated that he had
received the information, stating
that the Pacific Mills had Increased
the hours of labor, and didn't even
contain the usual stereotyped statement that "the matter will receive
Immediate consideration." Presumably "Honest John" ls taking
no chances of breaking any more
promises.
The Rev. A. B. Cooke has been
given all information, and has signified his willingness to bring the
matter before the Economlo Council. It Is not expected, however,
that any good will accrue out of
all the letters that have, been written, but if these letters only have
the effect of causing a few individuals to realize that the unemployed problem is lnsoluable under the
present system, they will have served a useful purpose. The only
people that can solve the unemployed problem, and all tjie prob
lems that confront the world today, are the workers themselves,
and they are asleep at the switch,
and unless they wake up there ls a
rosy time ahead of them. They
are still looking for leaders, and
it is, high time that the fighting
vanguard united their forces for
the purpose of taking the lead In
the struggle for supremacy that is
inevitable.
NOTICE
Any one knowing the present
address of Richard K. Dwen, please
communicate with general headquarters, 61 Cordova street west,
Vancouver, B. C.
L. W. I. U. OP O.
Cranbrook, Aug. 14, 1921.
On Sunday, Aug. 8, I arrived at
Tahk. At the station I met a number of fellow workers from Camp
14, including the delegate, T. Mc-
Iver, who informed me that he was
going to the prairie, and had been
unable to get a delegate elected before he lett thp camp, I was sorry
to see these fellow workers leaving
Camp 14, as they are good class-
conscious workers, and had been
successful in getting the camp well
organized.
On leaving the station, I went
direct to Camp 14, and arrived
there about 6 o'clock. A meeting
was called, and I spoke to the fellow workers on matters affecting
the organization; some dues were
collected and a delegate was elected.
On Monday I went to Camp 4.
there are 150 men working in this
camp; about 100 men are sleeping
in the bunk houses, and the remainder aro scattered around, and
are batching-In shacks. Nearly all
the work done in this camp .is con.
tract work. A meeting was held
about 60 men attended, and a dele.
gate was elected.
On Tuesday I went to Camp 16
A meeting was held, and most of
the men in the camp attended. At
the close of my talk, aome questions were put and answered. At
the close of the meeting, somo dues
were collected. E. B. member R.
B. Wolstonhome was delegate in
this camp, but quit the job, and is
now in Cranbrook, which lenves
this camp without a delegate-
On Wednesday I went to Johnson's camp. This camp Is un
doubtedly the best camp in the
district, and is well organized, there
being a real live delegate on the
job. A mooting was hold in the
open, every man In the cnmp attending. During the course of my
talk, I pointed out the necessity of
keeping tho organization alive, and
suggested that, lt the camps ln
this district closed down, that we
pay the rent of the hall for six
months ahead so that the fellow
workers would have a place to go
to during the winter months. At
the close of the meeting, the delegate moved that a collection be
taken, and the proceeds bo used to
pay the rent of the hall. This motion was adopted, and a collection
was taken which amounted to $32,
On Thursday I left tho camp and
arrived in Cranbrook at 5:10 p.m.
The total amount of my collections
was $66; expenses, railway fares,
$3.40.
Yours for organization,
F. BIDDER, District Secretary.
NOTICE TO HARVESTERS
ALL members of the O.B.U.
going to the prairies for
tho harvest from Vancouver or Prince Rupert should secure Job delegate credentials before leaving, or call or write to
the nearest unit of the organization, on arrival at point at which
they will work, for supplies.
Cut out these addresses for
future use: ,
Calgary—A. Stewart, 408 8th St. *T.B.
Ogden.
Edmonton—J.   Lakeman,   9853—78th
Avenue.
Edmonton—B. T. Palmer  6840 Jaa*
per Avenue.
Hanna, Alta.—A. H. Lees.
Moose Jaw—W. McAllister, 1103—(th
Avenue, N.E.
Moose Jaw—P. V. Navin, Boom 4,
Howden Block, Hlght Street East.
M>ose Jaw—J. P. O'Keefe, 1221—6th
Avenue, N.W.
Swift Current—Jamil McEwaa,  Box
772.
Rkdvllle, Sask.—James Oowden.
Begina—R. Esselweln, 1849 Montreal
Avenue.
Begina—J. Sambrook, 1741 Royal St.
Saskatoon—W.  Mill. 307  Avenue A.
South.
Kamsack—J. A. Boss.
Melville—W. Thompson, Box 442.
Brandon—H. Pearce, 746—Bth Bt
Brandon-D.    Mitchell,    elo    Oarla
Broadhurst.  057—Oth  St.
Dauphin—A. L. Cocking.
-~r*-***-     >»J
Their  Friend
While Actions Are to
Deceive Allies
The following translation, taken
from a recent issue ot the "Schlesl-
schen Zeitung," of a "strictly confidential" document recently Issued
to the Korfantist commanders,
throws an interesting sidelight on
the relations between the French
and the Polish Insurgents;
"If the military units have
hitherto not succeeded in reaching
what they have aimed at, and lf,
ih some places, they have been
prevented mainly by ths French,
they should not be misguided into
acting as an enemy against the
French.
"The French are and will be our
friends and allies, who follow their
own tactics and alms.
"Even lf it sometimes looks as
if their actions are directed against
us, that is not the case, for the
French have also to respect their
Allies, the Italians and the British,
and therefore must work with caution.
"When you follow carefully the
tactics of the French, you wtll notice that they are only out to suppress and root out all that is German. In the country places it was
they who gave the Germans Into
the hands of us Poles, so that their
aims might ' be reached more
quickly.
■;. "They will also see to it that we
are not hindered ln our plans by
any other Power.
' "We notice with pleasure that
they-themselves suppress the Germans in the town's. On the other
hand, they will also arrange that
the towns fall Into our hands.
Therefore, it is essential that they
are not hindered by the Po»Bh
troops, so that the other Powers
do not get to know these plans.
"Caution -must be taken that
this circular does not fall Into
wrong hands."—Daily Herald.
was
and
and
only
age
In
and
Awakening of
Labor in Japan
(Continued from page 1)
waymen and printers. The movement began to spread but an industrial depression followed and in
1900'the police law was passed
which struck a deadly blow at the
unionists. The unions collapsed
and for the next 10 years nothing
mora was heard of industrial labor
organization. As elsewhere workers' organizations met with strong
governmental opposition.
Socialists then took up the cause
bf labor and In 1901 a small group
Jed by Kotoku, a revolutionary
Socialist who had studied in
France, and Sen Katayama, found,
ed the Social Democratic party. It
was immediately suppressed. In
1903 the Plebs League was formed
as a society for study and propaganda. This body carried on an
anti-war agitation during the Kus-
so-Japanese conflict and lu 1904
sent Katayama to the International Socialist congress at Amsterdam. Here again the members
were subjected to severe persecu-
tion and in 1905 the league was
suppressed.
Socialist. Party Appears
When tho war ended the organization reappeared as the Socialist party of Japan, and in 1907
began the publication of the flrst
Socialist daily. It was soon prohibited. Oovernment rupression
followed, culminating ln tlie oxe
cution In 1910 of 12 radical loaders, including Kotoku, on the
chnrge of "anarchist conspiracy"
to kill the emperor and the imprisonment of 12 others for life.
Tho movement was driven underground.
With the war things changed.
From a debtor nation Japan be
came one of the few creditor nations of the world. Foroign trado
roso to unprecedented heights and
commercial amalgamations wero
the order of the day, especially
aftor tho armistice when, In 1919,
a great shiping merger led to the
formation of the International
Steamship Company with a capital
of $1,000,000,000. Tho workers
commenced joining the Yual-Kai,
founded ln 1912 as a moderate and
educational type of workers' society, but which began to take on
a more militant character. In
1916 there was formed moro opon-
ly militant unions, such as the
Shinyu-Kaf, a printers' society.
Strikes became common. From 50
in 1914 tho number jumped In
1918 to 417.
Outburst of Strikes
During 1919 thore was a regular
outburst of strikes. At flrst they
wore mainly for increases ln
wuges; later they spread to demands for shorter hours, Improved
conditions, a share in profits and
thc election of foremen. Now un
ions were organizod and it was
.estimated that by the end of 1910
(tho number of trades unions in the
modern sense was betwoen 100
and 160, with a membership of
between 80,000 and 100,000.
A "lump followed which pro
duned a scries of heavy defeats.
This period of depression concentrated attention on organization
and combination. The conferences
of the Yuni-Kal ln 1919 and
1920 reorganized that body on a
basis of industrial departments,
transport, textile, mining, etc. In
1920 the Yuai-Kal unitod with
other unions' to form the Japanese
Federation of Trade Unions.
In December, 1920, in the face
of government threats, the Japanese Socialist Federation was
formed at Tokio with about 2,000
members. To evado suppression
tho program was made moderate
in tono, despito a strong Commun
ist element in the leadership. The
organization, howover; has boon
under the ban of the authorities.
The 1918 census returned the
numbor of agricultural householders at 5,476,700. Tho number of
housoholdors engaged ln the cultivation of silk was roturned at
1,910,800; fishermen at 1,399,000.
On the industrial side thero were
1,676,860 factory workers, of
whom 825,000 wore women; 465,-
000 miners, including 106,000 women; and 508,000 transport work
ers,
dockers
kept j
cost <
1919
including railwayman, seamen,
—cers and postmen.
Wages are low and have not
-"■* pace with the increase in the
of living. Between 1914 and
the rise In wages was estimated at about 100 per cent and
the rise in the cost of living for
manual workers at 189 per cent.
There was no factory legislation
before 1911. The 1911 factory law
not put Into force until 1916,
then only with many provisos
exemptions, The law, which
applies to women workers or
boys under 15 years of age
working In factories employing
over 15 workers, establishes an
limit of 12 years (or 10 years
"light and simple" occupations)
d provides for a 12-hour day,
which may be extended by the
authorities to 14 hours.. As a result of the Washington International Labor Conference a bill to
amend the factory act has been
Introduced.
To Raise Funds
for Russia
(Continued from page 1)
asking what guarantee would be
given to harvesters as to wages,
hours and conditions, they were
told that the labor bureau had been
allotted a portion of Saskatchewan,
and to provide 4000 men; that .$4
per day wage was guaranteed, but
no hours were specified, as that
rested with the farmers. No provisions had been made for the families of married men, was also
stated by the officials, and the men
would have to work at the harvest
or not be able to obtain the reduced rate back to the coast.
A wire was received on Tuesday
from Edmonton stating that there
were many Idle men, while reports
from Saskatchewan weer to the
effect that the harvest was good
and there was need of more men
to gather it In. Swift Current and
othor points reported men wanted.
A letter dealing with conditions
in New Brunswick wns read, which
pointed out that lumbering ln that
province waa at a standstill and
that men were going into the state
of Maine to gather the potato crop.
Wages are very low for this type of
work, only six cents per barrel
being paid. Last winter 15 cents
per barrel was paid. Potatoes, however are retailing at six dollars per
barrel The communication also
referred to the strike of streei railwaymen ln St. John, and stated
that no settlement had been arrived at.
The exhibition was referred to,
and one delegate stated that from
a worker's point of view lt had
beon a success, as there was a deficit.
The whist drive and dance in ain
of the Federationist was called to
the attention of the delegates, a
number of whom took tickets to
sell. Comrade Sprague will speak
at the mass meeting on Sunday
afternoon in the Pender Hall.
Expelled from Congress
""True to type,' the " Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada on Wednesday expelled the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Employees
owing to conflict of jurisdiction.
In other words a fight for per
capita tax for the A. F. of L. was
won by Gompers and his satelites.
Revolutionary Effort
Overshadowed by Irish
Nationalist Movement
(Continued from pago 1)
ment of the Irish quostion with
England, was due to the backing
of the workers.
When tho delegates went off for
a sail down tho Irish coast they
hauled down the "Union Jack" flying from tho prow of the boat and
ran up the Red Flag. Then they
sang tho "International" and the
"Red Flag" over and over.
Only Lip Service
It did not mean that a revolution was on the way, for it is only
lip service that tho Irish workers
are giving to anything in the way
of an economic change. The spirit
of nationalism runs high here,
even among tho workers, and with
their masters rotting and dying in
jail for a common cause a vigorous
class consciousness Is not present.
When the congross resumed its
deliberations on the morning of
the socond day Thomas Foran.
president of the Transport Workers, moved the adoption of the report of the executivo comlttee,
which opens with the following
words:
"In the conditions under which
the national strugglo has been
carried on during the year, the
struggle of the working class of
Irclund to win nnd maintain Its
rightful place ln the scheme of
thingu has Inevitably been over-
shadowod and to some oxtent obstructed. In the national struggle
for political freedom the stress of
the struggle la borno by thousands
of men and womon mombers of
our affiliated organizations who
realize', dimly porhaps In many
cases, but In many ways very
clearly, that the fight for national
freedom is but part of the greater
worldwide struggle of the dispossessed against tho greedy and tho
powerful. We bolieve that the
year's work, though outward signs
of great advance may be absent,
nevertheless has shown a steady
development on the right linos."
The Belfast Situation
The discussion of the Belfast
situation brought out anew tho
fact that the Ulster problem in
reality is not relfgious or political
or economic. In Belfast large
numbers of men and women, not
only Catholic but workors of all
religious views, were expelled from
the shipyards a year ago and have
since had to subsist on charity and
funds gathered by tho workors.
Following their expulsion the executive committee of the Amalgamated Woodworkers demanded
that the ship building firms allow
thoir employeos to return to work.
When tho shipbuilders rofused the
Amalgamated called upon its
members to ceaso work. About
2000 membors refused to obey the
ordor  and   wore  subsequently ex-
FURNITURE
WANTED
333 HAD. ST.—PHONE SEV. 2703
Pacific Furniture Co.
AUTUMN TERM
—IN THE—
OPROTT
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HAW
CHOOL
IM    HASTINGS    STREET   WEST
o  Opens Monday, August 29th
K Further Enrolments] on SEPTEMBER 5, IS, lt, ft
*/} Select your courses and begin early. Bookkeeping,
Accounting, Pitmen Shorthand, Gregg Shorthand, Railroad
or Commercial Telegraphy, Wireless Telegraphy, Matriculation Work and special tutoring.
Ull or Pheae (or Particular- BET. Ult
Night Claaaea Monday and Itranday
10,000 Watches Wanted *£_,
ALL WORK GUARANTEED
438 RICHARDS ST.       APPLEBY       V-OiCOWER, B. 0.
Scrap Gold, Silver, Diamonds, Watchea Bought   Sey. MIS
THE NO EXPENSE CREDIT HOUSE
A. BATT & CO.
Solicit your patwmage for Boots, Shoes, Bedding, Furniture,
Men's nnd Women's Ready-to-Wear Apparel, etc., etc
SUPPLIED ON BATT'S ORIGINAL
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Goods delivered on flrst payment.   Balance payable aa arranged...
USE YOUR CREDIT
976 22nd Ave E.)     Fair. 5130
VE ARE CRANKS ON SERVICE
polled. Other unlona failed to
support the cause and the division
among the workers resulted in the
woodworkers accepting a ware reduction of 12 shillings per week-
It la that sort of disunity among
the workers upon which the Belfast employers are counting to
perpetuate the partition of Ireland.
The congress gave high praise to
tho dockers and railwaymen for
their stand during the munitions
strike, when for several months,
despite ferocious terroriz.it inn by
the military, they refused to handle munitions of war and provisions for use against their countrymen.
Larry O'Neill, lord mayor of
Dublin, addressed the congreaa at
its afternoon session, concluding
by saying when while on his recent
visit to America he had visited
James Larkin ln prison In New
York.
"Jim asked to be remembered to
the boys and girls of the trade
union movoment here at home,"
the lord mayor said. "He was
just as hopeful, just as generouB
and Just as full of fight as ever."
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVEB TRADES AND LABOR
COUNOIL—President, R. W. Hatley;
Becrotary, J. O. Smith. Herts 3rd Wed*
numlay eaoh month ia the Pender Hsll,
oorner of Fender and Howe streetl.
Phone Soy. 291.
ALLIED   PRINTINO   TRADES   COCK-
cil—MeeU    second    Holiday    Is    tha
month.    President, J. P.  McConnell: aeo*
retary, R. H. Neelanda, P. O. Boi 08.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If   yon
need brieklayera or maBonn  fcr boiler
worki,   etc.,   or   marble   Butters,   phona
Brlolt layers'  Union,  Labor Temple.
OENERAL WORKERS' UNIT OP THE
O. B. U.—President, E. Andre; secretary, W. Service. Moots 2nd and 4th
Wednesday in oaoh month in Pender Hall,
cor. of Pender and Hovro atrcots. Phona
Soy.   291.
HOISTING    AND    PORTABLE    ENOI-
neers, Local 840—International Union
of Steam and Operating Engineers meeta
overy Bnd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m., 319
Pender Street Weat. 6. Riley, 2034
Mahon Avenuo, North Vancouver; secretary, P. Bradley, 1763 UcSpadden Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Loeal 88-52—Ofllce and
hall, 152 Cordova Bt. W. Meeti flrst
and third Friday*, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, T. Nixon; business agent, P.
Sinclair.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
era' Union—MeaU 2nd and 4th Mondaya, President, J. E. Dawson, 1045 Tew
St., Kitsilano; seeretary, 8, T. Kelly,
1350 Hastings St. K.; recording seeretary,
L. Holdsworth, 539—14th St. W„ North
Vanconver.
LUMBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OF CANADA—An Industrial union of all wurkera in log-
giug and conatructlon camps. Coast District and General Headquarters, 61 Cordova BI. W., Vaneoaver, B, C. Phona Bey.
7850. J. M. Clarke, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald A Co., Vaneonver, B. C.; auditors. Messrs. Buttar * Chiene, Vancou-
ver, B. 0.
MARINE FIREMEN AND OMARS'
Union of British Coin tn big—Meeting
night, first and third Wednesday of eaeh
month at 108 Main Street. President,
Dan Carlin; vico-presldent, J. Whiting;
secreary-treaiturer, W. Donaldson. Ad-
dress,  108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. Q.
der St. W.   Secretary, B. Horabnrgb, Pa*
der Hall. '    -
JOURNBTMBN j'AILORB' ONION OI
America-, Local No. 171—Meetings UU
first Monday is each month, 0 p.m. President, A. K. Gatenby; vice-president, D
Lawson; rteordlng secreUry, C. Ma
Donald, F. O. Box 508; financial aecre
tary, T. Templeton, P. O. B8i 608.
Provincial Unions
1
VIOTOBIA. B. O.
VICTORIA ANO DISTBIOT TRADU
and t Labor Conncil—Meata Irst aal
third Wedieedaya, KnlghU tf Pythlu
Hall. North Park Street, at 8 pa Pre*
•lent, O. Siverts; vice-president, R. Elliott; aeeretary- treasurer, E. S. Wood*
ward, P. Q. Box 302, Victoria, B. O.
PRINOE RUPERT. B. O.
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOB
Couneil, O. B. U. Branches: Prines
Rnpert District Fisherlea Board, O.B.U.:
Metalllfaroaa Minera' Diatrict Board,
O.B.U. Secreary-treasurer, P. O. Bn
217. fringe Bupert.
We make Ladiu' Carmen ti
Bight Here in Vancouver
—the equal liv style and smart-
now of any offered In Canada.
Salts.   Dmiei,    Coata,   ate.—tha
latest atylaa—tha smartest models—4a
all tha aaw shades—complete _____
for yoar choosing.
Wa offer these garment! lower thaa
elsewhere because wa iaat direct—
eliralnata an tba middleman's profits.
Famous
Cloak & Snit Oo.
623 HAjjHggj ST., Bus Or-ntm.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48M CORDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
.    AND
NANAIMO
Kindling fVee
CANADIAN WOOD AND
COAL COMPANY
1440 GKANVILLE Bey. 5200
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERATORS UNION, LOCAL 348, I.A.T.H.E
—Affiliated with Tradea and Lnbor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vanconver.
President, J. R. Foster; iecretary and
treasurer, Locksley Clark, P. O. Boi 846.
Offlce and mcotluf room, 310 London
Building, Pender Ht. W. Renter meeting nif[ht, fir-1 Bunday In tach month at
7:30 p.m. Business Agent, W. Wool-
ridge.    Phone Frnser 2B7L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
rators and l's pert a nge re of America,
Local 13B, Vaneonver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdaya at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phone Sey. 3491. Business agent, R. A.
Barker.
O. B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Derrlckmen and Riggera
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p.m., In O. It. U. Unit, 804
Pender St. W. Presidont, W. Tucker;
financial secretary and business agent, C.
Andereon.     Phone   Seymonr  291,
BTH BET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAT
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall. Mount Pleaiaot
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10,16 a.m. and '
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2400 Clnrke
Drive; recording-secretary, P, E. QrllBn.
447—Bth Avenue Eost; treasurer, B. 8.
Cleveland; financial-secretary and bnal*
noss agent, W. II. Cottrell, 4308 Dumfries Street; office eorner Trior and Main
His.   Phone Fair 3004R.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, C. H. Collier; vice-
president, E. H. Oough; secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Hot CO.
THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
of  the  O.   R.   U.  meets  on  ths  third
Wedneaday  of overy month.    Everybody
welcome.
WORKERH'     COUNCIL.     VANCOUVER,
B.  0.,  meots  every   Tuoaday   ovening
at 8 urn. In tfan O. B. V. |Uli   ott »»«•»•
Mainland
Cigar Store
S-0 OARRALL STREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
If our ooal is not satisfactory to you, after you
hare thoroughly tried it
out, wo will remove what
coal is left and chargo yoa
nothing for what you hare
used.
Ton to bo the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phonal Seymour -Ml aal Mt PAGE FOUR
thirteenth n_AR. *io____ THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. tx
r-KlBAT August 26, 191
I _
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Coys' Department—Socond Floor
New Arrivals
English Gabardine Coats
$7.95
Last ,year you would have paid $21 for conts with
the quality of these new arrivals. They're cut with truo
English smartness—freo and easy, yet indubitably businesslike, with the full flared skirt, raglan sleeves and huge
■lash pockets. They have the big convertible military
collar with wide lapels double-sewn seams and storm-
itrapped wrists. Soundly tailored in closely woven, vain,
resisting and wind-turning, genuine English gabSrdine;
they are light and comfortable. A man can feel energetic
in them. The astonishingly low price is onc of thc results
cf our buyer's recent trip to Europe.  Sizes 34 to 46.
IHB HOME OF
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
LIMITED
153 Hastings Street West
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for Men and Boys
r-
FALL TERM
**^**^^*^**^**^**^**^-^**^**^**^*^**^**^
Day and Night School
OPENS
MONDAY - • AUGUST 29th
Success Business College
LIMITED
E. SCOTT EATON, B.A., Principal
ON MAIN AT 10TH Fairmont 2075
VANCOUVER, B. C
Russian Workers Have
Many Rights in Actual
Direction of Industry
(Continued '.rom paga 1)
The workers' government takes the
atand that no one has the right to
live in Russia without working for
his daily bread. Its constitution
declares "He who does not work,
neither shall ho eat." Tho law specifically requires that every able
bodied adult do his share in producing the neeessitieH of Hie. Exploiters of labor are classed as a
■pedes of criminal.
Thus we come to one of the
"horrors" of Sovietism. People
here are actually compelled to earn
Uteir own living, instead of being
allowed to whip it out of the hides
of others. No wonder the various
brands of reactionaries (most of
whom never did a useful thing in
their lives) consider the Russian
compulsory labor laws a horrible
tyranny and are muking the welkin
ring with thajr howlings.
But their complaints nre lost on
the Russian labor militants. The
latter nre striving for the establishment of a Communist society in
which overy sort of compulsion will
be unnecessary; where the multitudes of people, of their own vol.-,
tion, will freely perform thoir full
■oclal and political duties toward
themselves and each other. But
tbey know that that time has nol
arrived yet. The present stato of
society represents the transition
stage from capitalism to communism. The vast bulk of the workers
are just emerging from a dog-eat-
dog capitalism and are still afflicted
heavily with its ignorance, selfishness and short slghtedness. Many
of them thought .tho revolution
meant that they no longer had to
work, while others supposed that
an hour or two's labor a day, when
they Celt like it, would meet the
situation. For workers in such n
primitive state of mind discipline Is
still necessary, Only a minority
are intellectually prepare^ for the
new society. And it falls as naturally to this Intelligent minority to
set up the essential discipline in
Russian industry as. it doos to thc
correspond Ing minority to creato
the discipline in the American
trade unions absolutely indispens-
lblo for making tho backward
masses fight effectively on the industrial Held in their own behalf.
Compulsory labor is only a temporary measure in Russia. It ls a
reaction from capitalism and will
gradually .disappear as the effects
of the capitalistic training are
eliminated fro rnthe workers' minds
by proletarian education.
Do Not Pay Tribute
Far more important, however,
than even their legal right to work
is the Russian workers' recognized
right to tho full product of their
"labor. ' Thts principle is established
by   tho   Soviet   government   and
A JHERTING OF ALL
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under Uie Auspices of tho Council of Workers
—WILL BE HELD IN THE—
PENDER HALL
Comer of Pcudcr nud Hour Streets
Sunday Afternoon, Aug. 28th
' Commencing nt 2:30
WORKERS, WHITHER UNEMPLOYED Olt NOT, ARE
REQUESTED TO ATTEND THIS MEETING y
VANCOUVER'S POPULAR SEASIDE RESORT
HORSESHOE   BAY
BOATING BATHING
THE SPOT for picnic parties.   Tables and souls installed ln a cool,
shady park,   Safe beach for children,
A ride through constant change of scenery for thirteen miles.
RETURN FARE, 75c—GOOD DAY 01' ISSUE ONLY
Hourly service on Sundays, trains leaving Norlh Vancouver terminal
(adjoining ferry wharf) thirty minutes pust each hour.
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Phone Sey. 9517 or North Vancouver 300
forms the foundation of aU its institutions. It is the heart of tho
revolution and lt means that the
Russian workers no longer have, to
pay tribute to an exploiting class.
To the toilers accrue al lthe advantages of invention and every device,
that goes to Increase production,
They get all they pro.duce, after deducting, of course, what is necessary for state expenses. In passing
It may be noted that these state expenses will eventually be reduced
to nil, beccause the Russians, look
ing upon their government purely
aa a temporary war measure
against domestic and foreign capitalism, intend to eventually abolish
It through gradually replacing it by
a purely business administration
of things.
Compare the Russian's right to
the full product of their labor with
the deplorable arrangements prevailing In capitalistic countries. In
the latter the workers are legally
entitled to nothing, not even the
barest minimum wage upon which
to feed and clothe their families.
All they get is what they are able
to wring from their employers
through the power of labor organ
izations. . The cream of industry's
products flows into the maw of the
exploiters; the benefits of invention
and intensified production aro absorbed by countless industrial parasites; the drones idle ln luxury,
while the workers toil In poverty.
In such wise aro the fruits of industry divided under capitalism.
Not Yet Got Funds
It is true that as yet the Russian
workers have not reaped any great
prosperity from their newly won
right to the full product of their
toll. They tye still poor and in
want. The reason for this is that
the Industry of the country has
been practically ruined by seven
years of imperialist and civil war.
Production is far bolow the needs
of the nation. When the unions
come to work out their wage scales
they find but little social product to
be divided. Virtually the whole
people nro now upon a ration system of thc necessities of life. But
this hard period of trail and deprivation will soon be over. Industrial
conditions are on the mend and it
will not be long before the Russian
workers, blessed with a rich country and a bounteous productivity,
and free.d from the 67 varieties of
lecherous social parasites,''will develop a standard of life absolutely
unknown and impossible ln capitalist countries.
Such are some of the labor principles and institutions for which
tens of thousands of Russian trade
unionists have died in their long
struggle against an armed and hop.
tile capitalist world. What do
American unionists think of them?
In my next article I.shall outline
briefly the system of administration
worked out by the Russinn tollers
for the management of industry.
Chinese University Graduate Is Organizing in
San Francisco
(By the Federated Press)
San Francisco.—01 Won Jang, a
Chinese graduate of the University
of California, ls organizing his
countrymen in thts city in the Interests of Socialism. Ho hus held
street meetings in Chinatown and
has created a local of about 1.0
members.
According to Jang tho greatest
intorejt comes from Chinese who
have lived In Mexico. Tho Russian
revolution hns caused a mighty
awakening among tho Chinese, snys
Jang. He mentions particularly ttu.
presidont of a Chinese university
who is an extreme radical In his
work in Sun Francisco, however,
his response comes from lho actual
workors among his countrymen, tho
students being nearly all extremely
conservative.
In China the union membors are
largely Socialist, though at present
their demands arc concentrated
tho eight-hour day,
0
AND LURK
British Nitrate Interests
Join in With German
Ring
Mr. Philips Price, in a despatch
to the Daily Herald, says 1 that
British and German nitrate interests are amalgamating. He says
In part:
"From a reliable source I am
informed that representatives of
the German nitrate combine, the
British ammonia works, and of the
Chili saltpetre industry have met
in Rotterdam and have come to a
tentative agreement on the follow
Ing points:
"The German trust agrees not
to increase Us production above
the average for 1920, and not to
export any of its products on to
the world market. The British
and Chill trusts, on their part,
undertake to Import their products
to tfermany only at' the world
market prices.
"This means that three of the
world's great nitrate-trusts ws on
the way to parcelling out the
European markets among themselves.
"As a necessary part of the process, production is to be artlflcally
kept down, in spite of the famine
in fertilisers in Central Europe;
and prices are to be kept up at
the present level."
Home Situation
The Herald, commenting on the
home situation, says:
"It ls interesting to remember
that the manufacture of ammonia
and heavy chemicals generally, is,
In this country, controlled by three
great concerns. These are Brun-
ner, Mond and Co., Ltd.; Castner,
Kellner Alkali Co., Ltd.; and The
United Alkali Company, Ltd.
"Between the two firms flrst
mentioned a close working agreement exists.
"The arrangements which are
being made between the world's
great chemical manufacturers, as
reported above, will have a profound effect on the chemical industries of this country.
"And they are not designed to
reduce the profits of the concerns
Involved, although the British
chemical employers are engaged in
wage-cutting activities on a large
scale, the action of which is pro
ducing - unrest among chemical
workers al over the country.
"Already tho employers have
imposed, as from April last, reductions varying from 2d. to 8Hd.
per hour, but they have now come
along .with a demand for another
reduction of 2d. per hour as from
August 1 and an additional cut of
2d. on October 1.
Ballot of Men
"Tho unions affiliated to the
Federation of General Workers,
whose members are affected, have
failed to arrive at an agreement
with tho employers, and notices
that the cuts will be Imposed on
the dates mentioned have been
posted. A ballot of the members
is being taken.
"Should the cuts become operative, the workors would be reduced
below the pre-war standard of liv
Ing. Indeed, tills contingency was
frankly admitted by Mr. Roscoe
Brunner, chairman of Brunner,
Mond & Co., Ltd., in a speech
to the General Works Council at
Lostock, Northwlch, which, as a
sidelight on the employers' policy,
was refreshing ln its candour.
'' 'All classes must accustom
themselves to the fact that the increased standard of comfort was
not necessarily permanent,1 Brunner is reported as saying.
'He did not, he added, say that
wages had to fall below the prewar level, but   the   standard    of
comfort might hnve to do bo.
"Gorman Competition"
"As an excuse for this veiled
threat, Brunner told the old, old
story of trade depression, and
mentioned the lamentable fact
that Brunner Monds are now
meeting with competition from
Germany.
In view of our Berlin correspondent's report, Mr. Brunner's
argument about German competition seems to need revision."
I
FORTUNES ARE
TEACUPILIPSHITZ
Terrible Conditions Prevail in Assam Tea
Gardens
Junior Lnhor Leaguo Notes
The Junior Labor Leaguo will
hold an important business meeting tonight (Friday) nt Ii2 Dufferln
Street Wost, nt J o'clock. There
are several matters ln connection
with the winter programme of the
league that call for the attendance
of membership In force.
Comrade "Billy" Ivons of Winnipeg, an honorary vice-president
of the league, writes to Bay that,
bosldes other meetings thut are being urranged for him, he will
speak for the young poople when
he arrives here in September.
Tho league's cnmp at White
Rock will bieak up this week-end
after a very enjoyable holiday.
Though less than half of the-members were able to feo down there,
It Is anticipated that those who
come back from Camp Julale will
come full of "pep" enough to'make
a real success of the league's work
this coming season. For information regarding the league telephone
Falripont 3040.
Collects Clothes
F. C. Parsons, of 1843 Fortieth
avenue cast, has bcen authorized to
collect clothes for unemployed returned soldiers.
Women and Children Are
Brutally Assaulted
With Rifles
"Conditions In the Assam tea
gardens have recently become so
much worse that a short while ago
an exodus from the plantations
commenced.
"Five or six thousand coolies—
men, women and children—were
accumulated at Chandpur, a river
port on the Brahmaputra. Repatriation was wanted.
"Steamer authorities at flrst attempted to relieve the congestion
by granting facilities to get the
coolieB away. But the Government
and tea-garden managers intervened, and access to the steamers
was refused,
"As a result of the refusal a
planter's agent and an official
were slightly hustled, and that
night the station was cleared.
"At midnight, while the unfortunate refugees from Capitalism
were lying In the open, trying to
get sleep, a company off Ghurkas
was let loose upon them.
Butt Ends of Rifles
"Men, women and children were
brutally assaulted with the butt
ends of rifles.
"A cholera epidemic followed.'
This grim story of how tea-cup
fortunes are made has been
related to a Daily Herald man by
Mr. B. G. Horniman, the well-
known authority on Indian affairs,
"How many British workers,"
he queried, "when they drink their
morning cup of tea, would so so
In comfort if they were aware that
tbis staple beverage is produced by
what ls probably the most abominable system of sweated labor In
any industry? •   .
"Labor conditions all over India
are about ns Wad as they can be.
But the conditions of coolie labor
in the Assam tea gardens are
worse-^than anything that can be
said, of other industries.
8s. 2d. Per Month
"In 1910 the pay for male adult
coolies was roughly 7s. 6d.
month in English money. Since
then the cost of living has more
than doubled, whilst tho pny has
only increased to Ss. 2d. a month,
"Women are paid on a lower
scale, and children, of course, receive still less.
"These figures include diet, subsistence allowance, and bonus—
and tho coolies are working from
dawn to eve!
"There are no facilities for the
education of the children. Plant*
ors do not want them educated,
They only want their manual labor.
"Figures which I have quoted
are supplied by the tea gardens
correspondent of 'Capital,' an organ of the capitalist community in
Bcngul. I do not think they can
be questioned.      \
"Thus, lt does not require much
imagination to realize the terrible
misery of the coolies' lives.
Penal Methods
"This labor ls not only sweated
—it is serf labor. Coolies ure indentured, and they cannot escape
to their far-away villages.
"If they wish to end their misery the only resort Is to flee to the
wilds or the jungle.
"Hideous stories are told of the
penal methods. Planters are pro-
tected'by very Strang legislation,
which enables them to treat the
laborers practically as slaves.
"Wilh regard to the Chandpur
incident related above, the brutal
treatment of the women and children so enraged the local Inhabitants that a general strike ensued.
"In the end the Government had
to give way and allow the repatriation of tho coolies, but the
work of repatriation and the huge
task of dealing with the Epidemic
and feeding the refugees was carried out by the Non-co-operation
workers, aided by funds subscribed
by the public.
Intolerable Conditions
"Attempts have been made to
lay the blame for this affair upon
'mlschief-maklng agitators employed by Mr. Gandhi for political
purposes.'
"It is, however, clear that economic causes—the Incapacity any
longer to bear such intolerable
conditions—brought about the exodus. The purt played by Mr.
Gandhi's followers was confined to
the noble and self-Bacrlficlng work
of alleviating sickness nud poverty, and getting tho people back
to thoir homes.
"A glowing tribute to the work
done by the Non-co-operators on
this occasion is paid by the Anglican Bishop of Assam—who is a
paid State servant and who gives
tlie llo direct to the Government
reports.
Helpless Beings
"People who defend the atrocious exploitation of theso helpless
humans ln the tea plantations and
say they are  offered certain ad-
Ono dollar and fifty cents Is the
cost for a six months subscription
U, the Federatlonist,
Self-Determination for Ireland League
Basket Picnic
To MAPLE GROVE PARK
LABOR DAY
PIIOMINBNI SI-BAKERS
SI-OltTS FOB ALL
Tickets (50 cents) Includes Return Fares
Get Your Tickets Early and Avoid tlio Crush
TO
M FOR F .LP.
Mrs. Barnard Made Plea
for Unity Last
Week
Sunday last, Mrs. T. A. Barnard
occupied the platform on behalf
of the F. L. P. The speaker drew
a vivid picture of conditions in the
Old Country. Unemployment and
distress prevailed on every hand,
and an organized attempt by the
powers that be to force a lower
standard of living upon the workers. Militarist France, drunk with
victory, and attempting to crush
out of .the German workers the
slight resistance they have been
able to put up to the demands of the
militarists. Coming nearer home,
the lrfnd of the brave to the south
was spoken of in satirical tones.
Vancouver and the government
was then given attention, and Bhe
urged upon the workers of this
province to get into closer unity,
and work more In harmony for the
overthrow ot the capitalist syBtem.
Strongly pressing for immediate
action by the workers to capture
seats on the various legislative assemblies, also the school board and
city council, by this means fitting
themselves for the job of running
the state. A large number of questions were asked, and a good discussion followed, particularly in
reference to the two gang system
of work. Altogether what the
meeting lacked in numbers it made
up for in interest. All comrades
are urged to rally round the cause
on Sunday, and bring their friends
to hear Comrade Lipshltz, who is
speaking on the subject of the
meaning of class antagonism.
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m., general
meeting. Members urged to attend.
Sept. 11 to Sept. 18 Comrade
Ivens will speak in Vnncouver and
district September 10. Social and
Concert at Headquarters for a rally of all members to open out the
fall campaign.
The Party Intends to open up
with educational work In the near
future. Ask Sec. Bennett for particulars. Other activities of the
Party will be announced very
shortly.
THE LARGEST EXCLUSIVE MEN'S AND BOYS' SHOE STORE
IN THE WEST
The Best Value
in the City
$5.00
Brown or Black, solid soles and heels, outside
counter. A shoe we can recom- d»C AA
mend.  Specially priced at «p«J»UU
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
UMITED
The Men'g and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
We Are Cleaving Up
ALL ODD AND LONELY SUITS AT
VERY SPECIAL PRICES
Blue and Grey Serges, Brown Tweeds and.
Worsteds, in all Models
Milt NEXT WEEK-AT
D. K. BOOK
CORRECT  CBOTHES
137 HASTINOS STREET W.
T
STRIKE STILL ON
Leckie Shoe Co. Violated
Terms of Agreement
With Union
On Tuesday, July 19, the Leckie
Shoe Company paid off two depart"
ments at a-reduced wage without
notification. Following this action
a special meeting of the local Boot
and Shoe Workers' Union was
called, at which a unanimous vote
waa passed to declare a strike
against the firm for violating the
Union Stamp agreement. Section
4 reads as follows:
"It ts mutually agreed that the
Union will not cause or snnction
any strike, and that the Employer
will not lock out his employees
while this agreement is in force.
"All questions of wages or conditions of labor, which cannot be
mutually agreed upon, shall be submitted to a local arbitration board
of three; the employer to select
one, the union one, and these two
the third member.
"The decision of this Board of
Arbitration shall be final and binding upon tho employer, the union,
and the employees.
'The employer agrees that where
a change of system or methods ls
made, he will notify the local union
affected and endeavor to mutually
agree upon a price to be paid.
Failing to agree, the matter shall
be arbitrated, ami the decision rendered shall date from the time of
change in system and method.
"'In the event of the employer or
locat union, or a duly authorized
agent, giving written notice to the
general president of their desire to
refer to arbitration anv matter in
dispute relative to wages, conditions of employment, interpretation
of contract, or any other difference
of opinion, he shall insist that tho
application for same shall be sign- j
ed within seven days from his receipt of said notice. Failure of
either party to comply with this
clause shall constitute a direct violation of this contract."
This action was approved by the
International Union and the withdrawing of the Union Stamp followed.
During the war the firm was
willing to hide behind their contract, as there was a scarcity of
labor, but at the first opportunity
where tnero wus a surplus of labor
they take thc position that a signed
agreement Is only a "scrap of
paper." Thirty-four per cent, of
the male workers went across the
seas to fight for a "scrap of paper"
and nre stilt determined to fight for
a "stfrap of paper."
Tho wage Increases granted under war conditions did not keep
pace with the ever-rising cost of
living, and the arbitrary reduction
that tho firm attempted to put in
force would reduce the standard of
living for the employoes below
those existing In 1913.
The attitude shown by the
Leckie eompany from the com-
! mencement of the controversy jus-
| lilies tho conclusion of it being an
initial attempt to augment the
"open shop" In B. C, and places
the wage question a» a minor
issue.
Organized labor has pledged Its
unanimous support to the workers
involved, believing It to be a fight
ln which all are vitally interested.
Rumors have been circulating
during the week to the effect that
the strike was settled, evidently
with the object of inducing men to
go to work now that tho Arm has
attempted to start up again. Thc
strike Ib still on and will not be
catted off until the terms gt tho
agreement are carried out.
vantages to make their lives full
of prosperity, are talking arrant
nonsense.
"All that can be said is that
'scientific' mud^huts are provided,
Europeans would call them hovels.
For the sake of thc planters, sanitary arrangements are sound, but
the reverse to attractive.
"All the coolies get in addition
is free fuel, and the planters make
a boast of this. But lt means that
the workers merely get as a free
gift something they could easily
find for themselves."
Coitiinunisin ami Christian Ism
A new .shipment of Communism
and Chrlstlimism by Bishop William Montgomery Brown, D.D., lias
been received by the Federationist,
The proceeds of the sale of this
work will lie devoted to tlie upkeep
of the Federation 1st. , The price is
reasonable, namely, 26c, postage
paid.   Bead this work, it Is worth
fact remains you are not doinj
your duty to prevent disruption1
Now boys get busy and we will soon
have an organization second U
none. To accomplish this you mus|
play ypur part. Remember thai
"United we stand, divided we fall.]
PRESS COMMITTEE,.
St. Rallwaymen's Unit.
Winnipeg Street
Railwaymen Reply
(Continued from page 1)
rupt the Street Car Men's Unit of
the O. B. U., we also realize that
the Street Car Men have in ■ the
past, and will In the future, be big
enough and able enough to handle
any attempts that may be made to
disrupt the O. B. U. Unit. The
International movement has had
Mr. Hoover here for several weeks
trying, along with somo of the
Labor fakirs that visit the Labor
Temple on James Stroet, to get a
few more to fall for the dopo thqy
peddle nnd Join up witli the International again, and it too has been
a complete failure, as we assured
him from the ..tart that thoy would
never accomplish anytholng, and
we suppose he has realized it for
himself, as he has packed his kit
and beat it. While we hate to loso
individuals of this type, realizing
they are the means of boosting the
O. B. U. wherever they go, we have
the satisfaction of knowing thnt his
own local needs very little more of
the dopo he peddles to convince
them to get into the O. B. U. without delay. Now just a few words of
advice to Bome of tho boys that
have been sitting on the fence, undecided as It wero. Get into the
O. B. U. and help. Do your bit in
a movement which has been pointed out time and time again, ls the
only movement up to now that can
take care of tHesneeds of tho working class. If you will do this you
will see the International movement
fade away like snow before the sun.
The only thing that has kopt tho
few they have in existence so long,
ls the hopes that they would get
a few that were sitting on the fence
undecided. We realizo * that you
have no intentions of being part of
a dlsruptionist movement, but the
Dental Plates!
a Specialty
Crowns, Brldgss Ml Fillings _i»ie  I
tha  stms  shade  as  your natural
taath.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
I Dental Art Establishment j
OAC   GRANVILLE   ST-tEI.ll
OKJO Corner Bobson      T
Ovci Owl Drug Storo.   Ser. 523<|
SHOE REPAIRING
UNION SHOP
Bring your work to a top-notch^
THOM'S
256 KINGSWAY  (Cor.  BroadwnB
CHIROPRACTICl
(SPINE TREATMENTS)
Hydro-Therapy
(WATER TREATMENTS)
DIET
(FOOD TREATMENTS)
Dr. W.Lee Holder!
SPECIALIST
Twelve Years' Exporienco.
Thousands of Satisfied Patient]
Hours:   Dully, 1-5
Mon., Wed., 1Y1., 1-8
Sey. 853S
71 FAIRFIELD BUILDING *S
Largest Men's Store in the West
We've Extraordinary Values
in Men's Suits this Season
YOU OUGHT TO COME IN
—AND SEE THEM	
They give a pleasurable sense of good
style, and their appearance is only a hint
of thoir other exceptional qualities. All
made to*sell at higher prices. It's hard,
though, to Appreciate their value until
you see what you are getting for your
money.
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Baok"
Wm. DICK Ltd.
45-47-49 Hastings Street East
A   ,

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