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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 26, 1920

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$2.50 PER YEAf*
As Campaign Progresses
Candidates Stick to Revolutionary Platform of
(Socialist Party Comipondut)
Well attended meetlnn, and a
f rowing enthualaim la'the experience of the Soclaliit Party of Canada In their campaign, and with
Ave more meetings atlll to lie held,
It la confidently expected that large
crowds will be ln attendance, to
hear the message of Revolutionary
Socialism at future meetings.
On Wednesday, the 17th, at the
Pender HaU, an appreciative audience listened to clea§ and forceful
addresses by J. Dennis and J. Har-
. rlngton. The usual procedure of
allowing questions and discussion
was adopted, and muoh that la of
vital interest to the working class
developed as a result
On Friday night at the headquarters, W. McQuoid and J. Harrington were the speakers, and a
good night's work was done.
At the Empress on Sunday night
a crowd of considerably over 1000
assembled, and J. Smith, C. Stephenson and W. McQuoid were on
the platform. The addresses given'
reached a high standard of excellence, and a good sale of literature
was made.
The meeting held ln Ash Hall,
Fraser avenue, on Monday night,
brought out a falr-slied audienre,
which listened for nearly two hours
to addresses given by J. Dennis
and S. Earp. At this meeting, as
at all others, lt was made quite
clear that the mission of the Socialist Party of Canada, In this
Provincial election, Is not for the
purpose of attracting votes, but
rather that a desire be aroused ln
the minds ef the workers, to fully
understand the position whloh
they flu ln present day society, as
simple producers of wealth, having no aay as to how that wealth
should be distributed, nor having
any voice In the management of
the country ln which they produced It. An understanding of these
simple truths, will equip the work-
Ing olass voter with the necessary
knowledge aa to where er how he
■hall vote on Dec. 1. And he will
vote neither for one candidate or
the other, but he will exerfclse that
privilege, which his master gave
him cut of necessity, In a way that
will react to his material advantage. ' He will vote (or freedom
from wage slavery, and all which
lt mesne to him; he will vote aa a
revolutionist, with a consciousness
of the fact, that he may, in the
distant future, be called upon to
baok up hla vote, with Intelligent
action. As part of that historic
task, the freeing of the world fr'om
human slavery, which is bequeathed to the enslaved class—the
working class. Only with a full
and Intelligent appreciation of this
historic duty, will he vote for the
candidates of the Socialist Party of
Canada, the only political expression of the revolutionary working
class, ln this forthcoming election.
World  Wide  Unemployment as Result of Capitalist Production
There arc over two million per-
lons out of work throughout the
United States today.
Prlcea are being ripped, wages
•lashed, men thrown out of factor-
lea ln thousands. And to pinion arid
make fast the plight of the workers the most drastic country-wide
"open shop" campaign in history
Is being conducted.
What this means for the workers
Is not merely a winter of unemployment with its attendant poverty,
fcomelessness and breadlines, but
tho loss of standards toilsomely won
during the war,
Canada is faced with the same
conditions. Every city no matter
what the size has Its hundreds and
thousands of unemployed.
Oreat Britain is faced with an
unemployed situation that has created despair in the homes of millions.
Europe is almost beyond human
aid for Its starving and workless
million. The workers like capitalist society because they consistently
vote for the candidates who uphold
It And the above is the result.
Bowser and Oliver Consistently Oppose Workers in Struggles
In a speech made ln the Grand
Theatre, Fernle, Nov. 3. Premier
Oliver made the statement that
"Bowser spent publlo money to the
extent of $740,000 mainly for court
houses and jails, the bulk of which
was incurred by the strike on Van
couver Island ln 1912, which could
have been avoided by the exercise
of a little common sense."
But says Tom Uphill, F. L. P.
candidate for Fernie, in the month
of May, 1919, legislation came Into
force, same being an amendment
of coal mines regulations act, setting forth the hours of labor ln and
around the mines. Minister Sloan
Intimated on the floor of the House
that such legislation was not Intended as an excuse for the reduction of wages.
But right after that wages were
reduced and the strike ln District
18 occurred with the result that Iops
of wages in Fernie, Michel and Corbln approximated $600,000, and In
the whole of District 18 $3,000,000.
Honest John's Actions
Oladstone Local Union sent a
wire to Dr. Bonnell at Ottawa, asking If the Coal Commissioner's office was Btlll In existence. Deputy
Minister of Labor Acland, Informed
Dr. Bonnell that the offlce of coal
commissioner automatically ceased
with the signing_of. the armistice.
A wire was then sent to Oliver, asking that, "As the strike was the direct result of provincial legislation,
would he use his influence ant) ask
for an investigation Into the whole
matter? Honest John sidestepped
and referred the matter to Commissioner Armstrong, whose offlce,
according to Acland was defunct!
Oliver evidently never imagined
that Oladstone Local had already
ascertained that fact. On being
wired again, he refused to do anything. Where was Honest John's
common sense? Minister of Mines
Sloan was at Nelson and ho also
refused to act.
Official Working Class Candidates in
««««««* ******
British Columbia Provincial Elections
IS!! to Be Elected):
J. Harrington, S. P; of C.
J. Smith, S. P. of C.
W. McQuoid, S. P. of C.
W. Dennis, S. P. of C.
C. Stephenson, S. P. of C.
T. Richardson, F. L P.
W. R. Trotter, P. L. P.
J. S. Woodsworth, F. L. P.
J. D. McDonald, F. L. P.
W. C. Pierce, F. L P.
Dr. J. W. Cutty, F. L. P.
H. Neelands, F. L. P.
Chas. Cassidy, F.L. P.
Geo. Casey, Socialist
Nominated   bjr   Metalliferous   Miners
T. A. Barnard, F. L. P.
A. H. Smith, F. L. P.
T. Uphill, F. L P.
G. W.Dingwall, F.L. P.
Sam Guthrie, Labor.
J. H. Burrough, Labor..
Note:-*Electors not voting in this election will be disfranchised in the next  Cut this list out,
because the party and principles for which a candidate stands are not designated on official ballot.
Venizelos Meets With Defeat in Recent Greek
Big  Business  Helps  to
Drive Workers from
Craft Unionism
(By Paul Hanna)
(Staff Correspondent for the Federated Press)
Washington—The present Conservative leadership of the Amerl
can Federation of Labor Is caught
between the closing pincers of reactionary employers on the one
hand, and the so-called radical
Labor agitators on the other.
Appropriate irony is provided by
big newspapers tn Washington and
elsewhere which now raises the
alarm that the "Reds" are fastening their hold upon the A. F. of
L. These newspapers are precise*
ly the ones which fought Oompers
In the Industrial Conference, and
praised the stand of Judge Gary.
That is, they paved the way for a
reorganization of the Labor movement on class-conscious lines. But
the fruit of their labors they attribute to a conspiracy of the
Third International at Moscow!
When a corporation disrupts a
craft union, und turns half Its
members into the street, it is merely asserting its Americanism, the
press argues, When thc dispossessed workers turn for relief to the
solidarity of Industrial unionism,
they prove they are being paid or
duped by the Russian conspirators.
While the farce-tragedy proceeds, President Oompers and his
associates remain silent and Inactive, trying to decide how to meet
a situation which has heen seen
approaching with relentless certainty for several years.
Unemployment conquers a frcBh
city every day. Judge Gar'y has
consolidated his hold upon the instrument of government. Between
the fangs of want and the bayonets of necessity, Labor stands and
Don't   forget tlio dance ln  thc
Pender   Hull   on   Saturday   night.
The floor la good, the music will bc
the bent, and tho admission ls easy.
Gents 50e, ladies 25c.
Men are having difficulty with
the cheques of the Dome Creek
Lumber Co., and Norton's outfit.
'Referring to the Republican victory In the TJ. S., Hank's hired man
says: "TheBe here landslides alius
happen after a long spell o' bad
■     Corner Pender and Howe Streets
Friday, December 3rd
AT 8P.M.
Subjeet—Unemployment; Its Oause and Its Cure.
Spcakcr-A. S. WELLS.
People Have Apparently
Become Sick of Military Leaders
The election in Greece on November 14, resulting apparently in the
defeat of Premier Venizelos, Is a
good Indication of how little our
press services keep us informed of
the newa of the world. Practically
every news story concerning Greece
has assured us that Venizelos had
the united support of the Greek
people and that his opposition consisted of a handful which supported the cause of ex-King Constan-
tine, who was chased .out by allied
military forces. We also hnve been
told that the issue was entirely one
of whether the pro-German King
Constantino should be allowed to
return or not.
Kings, however, are only superficial puppets on the stage, and it ls
mightier forces than they which
make or unmake actual governments. Venizelos has probably lost
for the same reason that the leaders of Italy, who were made by the
last war, were unhorsed at the last
Italian election, and the man who
had opposed the war from the very
beginning became prime minister.
Venizelos not only led Greece into
the war with the allied side but
has since been pursuing nn expansion policy. At the present time
Greece is waging war in Asia Minor its a price which France and
England demands of her in return
for certain new territory. The
Greek people are probably tired of
war and of paying the price for
nationalistic jingoism.
Wants Poem
E. M. Crandell of Radville, Sask.,
wishes to obtain a copy of a poem
written by Ella Wheeler Wilcox,
some 12 years ago, entitled "Who
Are the Socialists?" Should any
render he able to supply Comrade
Crandell, his address Is Drawer 20,
Radville, Sask.
Workers    Can    Vote   no    Mattel'
Where They Are on
Election Duy
Absentee voter's, or In other
words, voters who are now living
In • a different constituency to
which they registered this year, can
vote for the candidates in the district in which they are registered
by going to the "Absentee Voters
Booth," in auy polling booth, and
obtaining a ballot for tho particular district in which they wish to
vote. The names of the candidates
will be on the ballot, and the
voter will mark h's ballot according to his or her desires. The ballot is then sealer! In the presence
of the voter, and the returnlni
officer sends lt under registered
mall to Its destination. Look up
the working class candidates In
this issue of The Federationist
Railroad President Issues Order.
That Deprives Man of
- Job In the Shops
A. E. Moore, who was recently
elected to the Manitoba Legislature on the Labor ticket, has been
called upon by the Winnipeg management of the Caandian National
Railways to either' resign his seat
or of ceasing to work in the C. N.
R. shops. He is a member of the
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen/
a veteran of the great war and a
member of the Labor Party. This
local management was following
instructions from Ottawa, and was
similar to that of the Soldier-Labor
candidate of Toronto. Moore has
given up his job, but the matter ls
to be threshed out on his behalf by
tho  organizations  involved.
Working Class Political
Prisoners Being Released in U. S.
(By the Federated Presi
Chicago—Hulet M. Wells, former president of the Seattle Central Labor Council, has been released from the federal penitentiary at Leavenworth, where he was
Imprisoned for alleged obstruction
of the draft—charges being based
on speeches which Wells made
prior to the passing of the selective service act. According to Information which has come to the
American Freedom Foundation,
through Earl Browder, one of the
six men sentenced to Leavenworth
under the espionage act In 1919,
and who with two other's has Just
been released from prison, Wells
was released by executive clemency."
Some weeks ago Wells was called before the parole board, and
asked whether he would request a
parole. He replied that he would
not, but that he would "consider
accepting apologies." November 12
he received word that his sentence
bad been commuted.
Browder also Informed the
foundation that the sentences of
12 of the 40 Oklahoma Socialists,
who were charged with taking up
arms against the draft, had been
commuted, so that they will be released this winter or early In the
The foundation expects the early release of other political prisoners.
Revolutionary Movement
Turns to Armed Force
in Hope of Success
(By the Federated Press)
Washington — British, Chinese;
Japanese and Korean diplomats
here aro in receipt of news from
the Orient confirming the report
that nearly 1,000,000 Koreans,
driven Into exile by Japanese par
aecutlon in Korea, are organizing
an army of liberation in their various places of refuge in Manchuria and Siberia.
Tens of thousands of these Koreans, most of them farmers, fled
over thc northern mountain passes
ln thc dead of winter, seeking a
chance to make a scant living on
the waste mountain slopes beyond the border'. Arms are gradually coming into their hfcnds from
Chinese and Russian sources, and
several "bandit" raids upon Japanese outposts havo resulted. Japanese troops huve been sent into
Siberia and Manchuria to break
them up. Advice from the leaders of the Korean Republic movement In Shanghai and America,
that peaceful agitation alone be
used, has been disregarded.
The Korean revolutionary movement appears to be rapidly turning
to armed force ns its one hope of
success. This tendency Is encouraged by the attitude of the Siberian peasants and the leaders of the
movement for the freeing 6f India
from British r'ule.
Orientals Listen to Speeches on
Organization and
The Chinese workers of Vancou
ver held a mass meeting last Sunday In the Chinese theatre. The
Jabot problem, as It afftcts the
Chinese, was discussed. The
meeting was held under the auspices of the Chinese Labor Association of Cahada. J. Clark, who
addressed the meeting in English,
spoke on capitalism and Socialism.
A prominent local Chinaman also
ispoke, and emphasised trie necessity of organization amongst the
Chinese. Several prominent Chinese Labor men nlso spoke bn the
Question of . organization and Socialism. One speaker' advocated
^he formation of a co-operative
:movement. All the speakers were
Well received, and their remarks
listened to with attention.
J-os Angeles Plan Vigorous Campaign for Uie O.
a v*
.: At a meeting in O. B. U. hall,
Los Angeles, of representatives of
the various crafts ln the clothing
industry, a Clothing Workers Unit
1>t the One Big Union was organized.
• Plans for a vigorous campaign
to organize the workers in the
clothing industry waa planned at
this meeting. The decision, in
great part, made by the clothing
workers at last night's meeting,
was the result of the Inability ot
the craft .form of organization to
function, as demonstrated In the
strike of the tailor's In this city last
Where Is the Union Button?
Government Takes Radical Step to Satisfy Land
Hunger of Peasants
(By Laurence Todd)
(Staff Correspondent for the Federated  Press)
Washington—Denmark is seizing about 2^5.000 acres of the best
farming lands in that marvellously
productive country, together' with
funds of landowners to the estimated total of some nineteen million dollars—at the normal rate of
exchange—In order to satisfy the
loud-hunger of her small farmers,
Thc government will become landlord to ten thousand families, each
of which will hold Its land under
a life lease which can bc handed
down ttom parent to child, or can
bc sold under cartuln fair conditions.
In diplomatic quarters here the
news that the big landlords, who
are being deprived of their swollen Incomes by this act of governmental seizure, havo appealed to
the supreme court of the kingdom,
Is not taken seriously. It Is conceded that the court will flnd that
tho Rigsdag, the Danish parliament, acted within its rights In
enacting the new land laws.
Millionaires Go to Paris
to Spend Their Profits
Front Exploitation
Ruling Class Carry on a
Disgusting Debauchery
of Idleness
According to the report of Rev.
W. Beekman, the stranded nobility
of Europe have found a new occupation In Paris which Is typical of
their boasted culture as well as of
their morality. The proprietors of
fashionable vice resorts employ
them as agents to bring in the rich
Americans who have come over to
Paris for a "vacation."
Mere respectability always feels
it necessary to carry on Its debauchery a considerable distance
from home, and consequently our
millionaires and near millionaires
(both new and old), of which we
have over 80,000, thanks to war
profiteering, are flocking to Paris.
Because of tho great respect for
titles the stranded noblemen have
no difficulty ln making numerous
American acquaintances.
The nobleman, in a great burst
of generosity, then volunteers to
show the newcomers the sights of
Paris, and the American, of course,
refuses to allow him to pay the
bills. After the tour to the Turkish
Harem, to the Dead Rat, to Heaven
and Hell and other resorts where
what to the ordinary, normal human being would be most disgusting debauchery Is to be seen, the
nobleman makes his rounds to collect his commission, The fact that
Paris and France are still soaking
wet also adds to the attractions for
many a social leader who Is 100
per cent, prohibitionist on this side
of the water.
In our large cities, New York ond
Chicago especially, there hns been
a marked development of the vice
palace mid Immoral entertainments
to meet the demands of visitors
from outlying cities and towns.-
THE 0. B. U.
Another Forum Will Be
Arranged for
A number of new members were
admitted at the regular meeting
of the General Workers Unit of
the O. B. U„ on Wednesday night,
and in spite of the number of times
the O. B. U. has died, life still exists In the local O. B. U. movement, as was evidenced by the
turnout of member's, and the Interest displayed. The forum committee reported that a meeting had
been held on Friday, the 18th, at
which Oeorge H. Hardy spoke on
the question of "Do the Workers
Pay Taxes?" The committee also
reported that another meeting
would be arranged for shortly,
when It waa expected that a bigger
crowd than ever would attend.
The smoking concert committee
reported that they were of the
opinion that a social and dance
would be more suitable now that
the hall had been fixed. The recommendation of the committee
was accepted, and Instructed to
arrange for' a social and dance.
The committee, which was appointed to make arrangements for
the establishment of a central fund
In the city, at which all members
would pay their dues to the Central Labor Council, instead pf the
different units, reported that they
had made arrangements on these
lines with the Piledrivers and
Wooden Bridgemen, the recommendations of the committee were
not, however, approved of, and the
report was referred back to the
committee for further consideration.
A campaign to increase the circulation of The B. C. Federatlonist
by at least 5000 new subscribers,
was started, and It Ib expected that
within a month the circulation of
the paper in the city will be greater than at any time in Its history.
Don't forget the dance ln the
render Hall on Saturday night.
The floor Is good, the music will be
the bet*, and the admission Is easy.
Gents 50c, ladles 25c.
Auxiliary to Meet
The regular meeting of the Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. TJ.
will be held tonight (Friday) In the
O. B. U. hall, corner of Pender
and Howo streets, at 8 p.m. All
members are i-equested to attend.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SATURDAY, NOV. 27-0. B. U. Dance.
TUESDAY—S. P. of Canada Campaign Meeting.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers.
Pass the Federatlonist along and
help get new subscriber!.
Net Gain of 115 Seats Is
Made in Spite of Old
Party Fusion
News just received from the London Daily Herald, puts tho He on
the news recently published by thc
dally press of this country to the
effect that the Labor Party lost a
considerable number of seats ln
the recent municipal elections ln
England, The facts are that the
Labor forces put up candidates to
contest every scat. The flght waxed fast anrl furious, and the opposition, with practically every duily
and weekly newspaper In the country behind them, and an unlimited
supply of funds, lost 71 seats to
Labor. The seats that the press
said that Labor lost wer'e Beats
held by thc anti-Labor forces,
which Labor was contesting. Labor Is satisfied with the result,
and the campaign for the next
election has already been launched.
Scottish Gains
In Scotland, Labor made a gain
of 44 seats, and increased the vote
considerably. A big gain wus made
In Glasgow, and the Labor Party
now controls more than one-third
of the seats on tho council. The
vote in Glasgow was; Labor, $21,-
870; Reactionary, 495,922. The
tremendous gains of last year were
not repeated this time ln the British Isles, because the two Id parties sunk thetr differences in a
large number of places to flght
Patronize *>d. advertisers.
Labor to Again Assume
Offensive Against Capitalist Government
(By the Federated Press)
Seattle, Wash.—Dr. Henri DeMan
who Is an his way east and will
sail In December for Belgium to
resume his old work of director of
labor education, said on leaving Seattle that he expected a crisis to
be reached between the Belgian
government and labor In the very
near future,
"Reconstruction following the
war Is over and the inevitable conflict again appears," he said. "It ls
only a question of time when the
Labor party will withdraw from the
coalition government and become
again the opposition."
"If a small country like Belgium
attempted to set up a dictatorship
of the proletariat lt would not get
very fur. A complete devolution is
impossible until some of the larger countries go. But a labor government in Belgium, based on an
actual majority vote, could carry on
a lot of gradual and experimental
socialization in one line after another."
Splendid Encouragement
Given to the Party by
B. C. Workers
Victory of Labor Patry in
East Expected to Be
Repeated Here
(By Federated Labor Party Correspondent)
There Is a very keen Interest being manifested by the Federated
Labor Party and Its sympathizers,
as to what will be the result of the
untiring efforts put forth by the
workers In the present campaign.
Starting out with a clear determination to win right after nomination day, the work has been carried
on, with ever Increasing enthusiasm, until the party is now satisfied, that the result on December
will be recognized as the outcome of a real effort to elect working class representatives to the
Provincial Legislature. Ignoring
the cry put, forth in former elections of the Impossibility of being
able to win, the speakers, the campaign committee, the .candidates
and the workers have, gone forth
into this election, fully determined
to wrest from the ruling class,
every available seat that the hirelings and tools of that class have
held for the purpose of keeping the
workers In subjection. The party
takes the stand that too long
have the powers of the state been
used to starve and beat the worker's into submission; too long has
the powers of government been ignored by an apathetic working
class, and too long have the workers been fooled Into thinking that
It was useless to do anything more
than use the elections as a means
of education.
Tho Ruling Claw Challenge
And In the meantime the brutal
ruling class haa used the powers
of the state to stifle the discontent.
The Jails are beginning to be filled
with our comrades, who are striving for a new social order. The
rulers threw out the challenge
when it closed the jail doors behind our fellow workers in Winnipeg. That challenge has since
been taken up and our class—the
working class — throwing their
force against the battlements of
the ruling1 class power, have now
got a good foothold, not only tn
the Manitoba, Onatrlo and Nova
Scotia Provincial legislatures, but
also in the Dominion parliament.
Now comes British Columbia,
roused by the bold, proud few who
now sleep behind barred doors, encouraged by the magnificent victory of their comrades in the East
and in other parts of the world,
defying the sneers of the kept
press, the trickery of politicians
and the threats of a hired thuggery, the workers—those who do
the useful work of society—are
now rallying their forces for a real
honest-to-God attempt to get a
grip on the power that has always
been used ln the interest of an exploiting class.
(Continued on page t)
Gets Thcir (ioat
When Jack Kavanagh was addressing a meeting recently in
Prince Rupert, he scor'ed the activities of stool pigeons. Two
mounted policemen, who were
present at the meeting, evidently
put the cap on, as they took Issue
with Kavanagh after the meeting
was over. Latest advices do not
state whether the mountiea were
convinced or not.
Janitor  Wanted
Applications for the position of
janitor for the O. B. U. hall, will
be received by .7. O. Smith, 804
Pendei* street west. All applications should be ln by the 30th of
Dance Committee to Meet
All members of tho O. B. U.
danco committee are requested to
attend a meeting tonight (Friday)
at 8:30 p.m. In the O. B. U. Hall,
804 Pender street west.
Five hundrod miners are on
strike, demanding the same conditions as what the minors In flic
South have.
Stephenson and McQuoid
Speakers Last
The speakers at the Empress
theatre on Sunday last, were C.
Stephenson and W. McQuoid. The
foimer devoted Ills address to explaining thc problem of brinylnif
the socinl knowledge possessed hy
society ns a whole into union with
the material equipment of production. The only barrier stuiu.li.ij in
the way is the capitalist ownership
of ihe menns of proUuctlun, ami MI
that goes with U, possessed Oj
those who must operate all the
McQuoid took up the rest of the
evening in throwing light on the
process of political .disillusionment
thnt he had experienced during the
years he had wandered through
this fair Dominion.
The candidates will be on the
platform again on Sunday next.
Meets with Accident
Mrs. Cox, one of the most active
women workers In the O. B. U.
movement In Prince Rupert, met
with ,a serious accident last week,
Standing on a chair, she fell and
badly broke her arm.
Socialist Party of Canada
SOCIALIST IIALL-(Toniglit) Friday, Nov. 2Gt1i.
EMPRESS THEATRE—Sunday, Nov. 28th.
SOCIALIST HALL-Monday, Nov. 29th.
PENDER HALL—Tuesday, Nov. 30th. in   i a At*.
^miiuw,    uvwujuuirt    AVl_lJj_jJX_-___.l\ji.*iia*\        VANCOUVER, B. 0.
'FRIDAf. November tt, 193*
Closing Out
this entire $60,000 stock of Men's Clothing at
practically half price
Visit Toyland with the kiddle-
bigger and better than ever—
Santa wants to meet the kiddies
tomorrow afternoon.
Sets of 41 piece* In a new rose decoration, specially *| |   *J**
. . priced at only - ...VnltlO
Blue Yuan—charming octagon  shapes
—Bluo Chinese pattern.  60-ptece open
stock at
A Small Deposit Will Hold Any Article Till Christmaa
Headquarters for China and Toy.
419 Hastings West     Phone Sey. 476
My dental wark appeals
to most people because of its
exceptional appearance
I obtain this reeult only by expert skill and
painstaking care—by a study of your features
and of your natural teeth. In restoring your
teeth — by crown, bridgework or plate — I restore tfce natural facial lines and make my
work an exaet duplicate of your remaining
Victory Bonda Accepted at Far in Payment for
Dental Work
602 HASTINGS ST. W. Oor. Seymonr
Phone Sey. 3331
Ofllce Open Tuesday and Friday
DB.  BRETT  ANDERSON,   formtrljr member of the Faculty of the
College of Dentistry, Dntvtfiltjr of Southern California, Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Demonstrator la Flatework and Opera-
tire Dentistry, Loeal and General Anientheam.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials a'nd employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Our brothers and sisters there need immediate Medical Aid. Mail your contribution at
once. If you are willing to help, write the Secretary for a subscription list
Secretary, Medical Relief Committee for Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine,
Box 3591, Postal Station B.,
Enclosed please find the sum of.	
..Dollars towards purchase of
Medical Supplies for Soviet Russia and Soviet
Address   „
Fernle Bound to Win
Tom Uphill, F. L. P. candidate
for Fernie, haa bean a strong and
consistent supporter ot the O. B. U.
He has gained the confidence of
the workers of the district, in
spite of the fact that therfe are
quite a number of divergent views
with regard to working class action. His election is practically assured.
Nanalmo Campgn.
T. A. Barnard, candidate for
Nanaimo riding, addressed a mass
meeting of over 1000 and was given
an enthuHlastic reception. He
lowed by Rose Henderson, who
kept the meeting in rapt attention
kept the meetings ln rapt attention
for one hour and forty-five minutes. A collection of $80 was taken n\> and the enthusiasm throughout the entnre constituency meuns
nothing else but sure victory for
Don't Spoil Ballots
Because Vancouver electors can
voto for six candidates, some of
them are under tho Impression
that they can give all six votes to
one candidate. If moro than one
vote is given to any one candidate,
the ballot ls not counted, but is
spoilt. The ballot is not spoilt if
less than six ate voted for. In the
case of F. L. P. candidates, Just
give one vote for each of the three
candidates. Every vote given for
capitalist party candidates will
neutralize the votes given to the
F. p. P.
South Vuneouver Campaign.
Harry Neelands' campaign Is
meeting wtth such success that
there is no possible chance of the
other candidates getting a look in.
The meetings during the past week
in various parts of the constituency have been all that could be
Fresh killed, government Inspected
pork shoulders, weighing from 5 to
S lba.    Reg. price 38c lb.    Friday
and Saturday  „ 31 l-2c
Nothing  better  for  roasting.
Very choice middle cuts of .pork
for roasting, weighing from 2 to
8 lbs. Reg. 42c lb. Friday and
Saturday, lb. - : 38 l-2c
Local lamb stew, lb.
Local Jamb Bhouldera, lb.  28 1-Se
Local lamb loins, lb 34c
Local  lamb  lege,   lb.   SBe
No. 1 steer prima rib rolled roaata,
In cuts of 2 lba. and ap. Beg.
35o lb., Friday and Saturday,
from, lb   26 l-2o
Fineat   steer   beef  pot   roast,    from,
lb  160
Fineit steer beet oven roasts, from,
lb   170
Finest ateer beet for boiling from,
lb.  16o
Finest steer beef tor  stewing   from,
lb. .-- „..._ 16o
Always on" hand, a flne   selection   of
prima real,
Large juicy prunes, only, lb. ........26c
Fineat cleaned  currants,  lb.  2fic
Finest Cocoanut, lb  25c
Finest cooking figs, lb. ™.._m 26c
Finest black figs, lb, .
Finest lemon peel, lb ...40c
Fineat Not-a-seed raisina, 2 lbs 65r.
Finest Not-a-Seed Raisins, 2 lba.—6Se
Finest walnuts, In tho shell, lb 26c
Nabob Tea, the finest on the market.    Reg.   66c   lb.,    Saturday,
spocial,  lb   03o
Limit 6 lba.
Buroe*    finest   Carnation    compound
lard, the very bent.    Reg. 26c lb.,
Friday and Saturday, 5 lbs 91.00
On FrMay and Saturday we will
.sell our famous Hujnir-cured
Shoulder Hams, weighing from 4
to 8 lbs. Reg. 38c lb, Friday
and Saturday, Ib SO-\_e
Great reduction in price ot butter.
Slater's famous Alberta creamery
butter, reg. 68c lb., Snturdny morn-
Ing from 8 to XI, speciul, lb.....62c
On Saturday we will aell wholo or
half Blabs of our famous streaky
bacon, and it la mild cured.    Reg.
 41 1-20
Fineat   highland   apuda.    all    nice
and largo.    Reg. $2.70.    Saturday, apodal,  100-lb.  nack..$2.60
Alberta cooking rgga, dos. '. 70c
Alberta  frt'sh eggs,  ilni .........76c
H. C- sturago ogga, doi .8fie
D. C. freah eggs, dos 95c
On Siiiiir.liiy morning wo will aell our
famous sliced atreaky bacon, reg.
55c 111., Naturday morning from 8
to   10,   special,   lb 46c
123 Haatings Stntt East
Pbone Sey. 8262
830 OranvUU St.      Phono Soy. 806
3260 Main St Phona Foil. 1083
expected. The last few moatbtgs
to which the workers aro urgtct.to
rally with alt their neighbors are aa
follows: I. O. O. F. hall, Maekay,
B. C. this (Friday) evening! Eraser hail and North Arm if«l
Saturday ovening; Norquay jcfegel,
Monday evening and Gllmore hall,
Tueaday evening. jg j-j
Ex-Soclaltets Help Liberal,
A. Harvey Smith ts putting up a
good campaign in Slocan riding; in
spite of thc fact that the LJlforal
Party has some ex-Socialists EY{Of icing for it. William Davidson) ex-
Socialist M. P. P., and Andy.Siir
land, who was formerly a Socialist
candidate in the Slocan riding, are
boosting the Liberal candidate,' pyt
this is not having the desired'effect
upon the working class party. The
Liberal standard-bearer did all he
could to beat the miners ln the recent troubles, an inasmuch as both
Davidson nnd Shilland helped him
at that time, they feel obliged to
stick together in the present campaign.
Richmond Campaign, .
The campaign on behalf of C. S.
Cassidy for Richmond riding is
meeting with good response. Good
big meetings are being held, in fact
larger' meetings than any dthor
candidates In the riding. Meetings
have been held in Queen 'Mary
school, West Point Grey; Edith
Cavell school; Dreamland theatre, South Vancouver, G. W.' V. A.,
and Steveston on Lulu Islund,
This last meeting was the first
ever held in that vicinity on behalf
of a working class candidate. Other meetings aro this (Friday)
evening at Van Home school, Forty-fifth and Ontario; Saturday
evening North Arm school at foot
of Fraser, and on Sunday a grand
rally in tho Dreamland theatre,
Twenty-fifth and Main. Richardson, Trotter, Henderson and others
will address the meetings, ■
Dewdney Campaign
The workers in Dewdney riding
are feeling greatly elated ovor the
opportunity to vote for a working
class candidate at the next provincial elections. In spite,ot the
weather and the Isolated condition of the constituency all Dr. W.
J. Curry's meetings, are being extremely well attended. A good
rousing meeting was held at Fraser mills last Sunday afternoon.
On Tuesday a remarkable meeting
was held in Port Moody, In which
$87 was contributed to the campaign fund as the result of the efforts of the speakers, Mrs. H. .G
Taylor and Dr. Curry. Another
meetings Is booked for Stave Fulls,
Thursday. This (Friday) evening
a meeting will be held In Port Coquitlam, Saturday at Albion, Sunday afternoon at Hammond :and
another big rally at Ioca on:Tiupy-
day evening. . \*«>
Loggers' Donations, q |91
Contributions from logging
camps of the province to the _\. L.
P. campaign funds has amounlqd
to over $270 during the pastiitwo
weeks are still coming lmos ui
itemized statement will be sent to
all camps .from which fundsi»efe
obtained, as soon as the campaign
closes.        . o   '
Slavonic Sleeting.       ' I
A meeting of Ukrainians,  Kust
slans and other Slavonic nationalities will be held ln the Templeton
hall,  Pender street east,  on tjiinf
day, November 28 at 2:80 p. mi   j,
S. Woodsworth and    Thomas *Tf°-
mnshevsky  will speak  in support
of tho F. L. P. candidates.
The Last Word,
Don't  miss  this  opportunity to
register your kick against the cap
italiatlc system.    Be   on    the Job
with your neighbors    and    shop'
mates Wednesday,  December 1.
Vancouver  campaign  committee
will  meet  Sunday  morning  10:30
at   headquarters.     Members  with
bonds  are   requested   to   turn   in
funds immediately.
Republican Victory Intensifies Activities of Big
Immediately after tho U. S. election tho so-called open shop movement, which had been running for
some timet was broadened into the
policy of laying off as many organised workers as possible as a blow
to organized labor, in many sections thousands of workers whose
cases do not appear in the list of
unemployed have been laid off and
thon h^ed back immediately at
lower wages and sometimes longer
Tho present labor situation showa
how hypocritical was the cry of big
business that all we needed (or readjustment was more efficient labor
and harder work; whereas both the
high prices of the recent past and
the hardships of the present are
produced by monopoly control of
vital industries, by the squeezing
of the money trust, by the chaos
resulting from Imperialistic policies
In Europe.
Wo are now paying not only for
war and war profiteering, but for
bogus reconstruction following the
Conference to Take Up Efforts of
Reducing Terms for Moscow
.     Afflllatlun
Chlago,—The Socialist party of
the United States will participate in
an international gathering of So
cialist representatives in Berne,
Switzerland, on December 5th. This
was made certain when tha members of the National Executive committee voted to send a delegate to
a conference that has been called
by the Swiss Socialist party, the I
L. P. of England and the Independents of Germany.
It is believed that the principal
business of the conference will be
Hn attempt to get Into communication with the Moscow executive
committee for a thorough discussion and modification of the tiff Nation terms, ln order to permit the
membership of the Socialist party
and other bona flde working class
political parties in other countries.
N. T, World   Accuses   Union   of
Causing Explosion—Plausible
Theory Is Ignored
The lateflt theory of the "New
York World" for the Wall Street
explosion ls to the offoot that
Ho use wreckers' Local 96, Infuriated
at tho tactics of Robert BrlndeU,
czar of tlie Building Trades Council, In keeping them from work and
substituting his own union, had attempted to blow up BrlndeU men
at work on tho corner of Broad
and Wall Streets. A flaw ln the
plan, it was claimed, had resulted
In an explosion in the street instead
of ln the excavatipn whero the rival
housewreciters were just beginning
their noon hour.
No attempt has been made by the
authorities to investigate the only
plausible theory of the explosion;
"namely that an automobile crashed
into a wagon load of blasting powder.
Oklahoma City.—The Labor
Council qf Action has scored another big blow at the heart of the
"open shop" division of the Chamber of Commerce.
Within three days 89 Oklahoma
City business men pledged themselves not to support the Chamber
of Commerce while lt continues its
non-union  policy.
Soviet Russia Wtll Be Enabled to
Get the Goods She So
Badly Needa
In connection with the recent
Federated Press despatch appearing in these columns, dealing with
the 400,000 square mile exploitation grant of coal and oil lands,
made to the Vanderlip Syndicate,
by the Russian Soviet government,
it Is deemed advisable to point otit,
that in return for this, the'syndicate will send $500,01.0,000 worth
of goods to Russia, 'which-"'are
greatly needed. These wore i^e
only means by which Russia could
obtain those goods, and although
the land turned over for" exploitation appears large, it Is really ln>
signlflcant when one considers that
the Russian ' Empire, practlcatly
under Soviet control, contains 8,-
600,000 squar'e miles of territory,
Comparison can also be obtained
when it is remembered that British
Columbia comprises 372,000 square
A furthor step ln the building
up of a huge government-owned
shipping fleet was made by the decision of' the Australian Federal
government, at tho ond of September last, to build six now 12,600
ton steamers. Three of these will
be constructed by the New South
! Wales State Labor government-for
the Federal government.
Hand the Fed. to your sbopmato
when you are through with It.   i
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do sa
Fresh Out rioweri, Funeral Deiigns, Weaaiug Bouquets, Fot Plmti
Ornamental and Shade Troej, Stela, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Stroot Sast 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymour 988-672 - • Soymour 9513
(By J. S. Woodsworth)
MODERN science has taught
us that events don't "just
happen;" that they are not
tho result of "act of God" but the
result of certain definite causes.
These causes may be ascertained
and by removing the causes we get
rid of our trouble. Typhoid for example, Is a dirt disease. Remove
the impurities ln water or milk or
other source of contagion and the
epidemic ceases. Or again, a man
killed by lightning ls not struck
down by a thunder-bolt hurled by
an angry deity. Insulation Is poor
and the current has been short-
circuited through hts body. .
So today we ask, "What Is the
cause of war?" The cause we discover to be mainly economic. No
man seriously believes that a murder in Servla was really the cause
of the world war. To flnd the
cause road the terms of the treaty.
Coal mines, trade restrictions, control of undeveloped areas—these
are the Important questions dealt
with In the treaty and these and
similar questions were fundamentally the cause of the war.     *
Subsidiary causes may be found
ln systems of government or administration that are more or less
relics of feudalism and fall to
really represent the will of the
■people. Irresponsible diplomacy
carried on by members of the aristocratic families, "government'' an
Instrument ln the hands of predatory and rival industrial groups—
these,- a part of the present system, cannot but carry the system
onward toward destruction.
Further, as another development
of this same system, we have the
agencies for expressing and moulding public opinion almost entirely
controlled by "the Interests," The'
press is not free, the schools and
universities aro not free, the
churches are not free. They, In
combination, are a powerful machine that may be, and la, used for
swaying the masses. Witness the
manipulation of public opinion
when lt was decided that the
United States should enter the war.
These causes which produced the
last war are still operative and will
Inevitably produce another and
greater war. By allowing things to
remain unchanged we are preparing for the next war.
Tho people must gain control of
the organs of publicity and education. Only last week In one of our
great high schools a prominent
oflicor addressed the cadets. He
urged keen brains and steady
nerves, because the nation which
possessed these would be able to
impose its Ideas and will on other
nations. We fancy we have heard
this teaching condemned as
"Prussianism." But "Prussianism"
of this kind has won the war, Suro-'
ly It ls no more attractive or desirable when parading in a British
We are urged to send our children to Sunday School, and yet
during the war these same schools
were used to toach Uie exact opposite of the teachings of Jesus of
Nazareth. The churches went
down under the tidal wave of nationalism and militarism and commercialism.
Our administration of public
affairs must be placed in the hands
of the people. Indeed, the whole
social and political economic system must be changed. This not because of the whim or theory of a
few, but to provent a grenter calamity than the world has yet
Next Sunday and during the
coming election campaign the
People's Sunday meetings will bo
merged with thoso of tho Federated
Labor Party. Watch the papers
for announcements.
Be sure to notify the post offloe
Just Before
—A Stylish "From Maker to Wearer" Mode
There ts no more attractive bargain offered. In Vancouver than
a beautiful Famoua mode-—especially at the Sacrifice Prices now:
quoted at our v
now In progress. There, too, you will flnd the latest' and most
distinctive models In Suits, Coats and presses. In their wide
range of beautiful shades and charming effects they will appeal
to any lady.
Near Granville
Frank Russell
Liberal-Labor Candidate
Por S6nth Vancouver
A resident ot British Columbia
for over thirty years.
A'fcc-Preslilent and Secretary of
Vuneouver Trades and Labor Council 1902-1003.
Pbont Seymour 7189
TMii  rioox,   World  BaUdiug,  Vu-
eenret, B. 0.
Liberal Candidate
This season we are bettor prepared than ever to tako care
of football players.
High-grado English Jerseys in many colors and designs.
A splendid stock to choose from.
Be sure to Bee the new Improved McGregor Boot.  This
boot is a winner. All sizes in stock.
From tho best English makers. Including tbe genuine Mc-
Oregor, the finest ball made.
W. E. Keroe.
RICHMOND—Charles Cassidy.
DEWDNEY—Dr. W. J. Curry.
NANAIMO-T. A. Barnard.
ROSSLAND—Geo. W. Dingwall.
FERNIE—Tom Uphill.
NEWCASTLE—Samuel Outhrle.
ATLIN—Geo. B. Casey.
SLOOAN—A, Harvey Smith.
Federated Labor Party Platform
The Federated Labor Party is organized for the purpose of
securing industrial legislation, and the collective ownership
and democratic operation of the means of wealth production.
Members of thc working class will do well to note that at no previous time in the history of this province, was the need so great, or the opportunity so manifest, as at this
election, to place direct representation in the provincial legislature.     I
Voters who find themselves on December 1st in some other constituency than that
in which thoy are registered, may vote for candidates in their home district by applying
to tho nearest polling station as an absentee voter. As a large number of workers have
moved around in this province during the past few months, tliis should be made known aa
widely as possible, and advantage taken of every such opportunity.
AND SOCIAL JUSTICE li 'DAY November 20,  1920
twelfth tear   no 48 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
Dclgliton's C«mp
This camp la well organized; all
men are hWea through the unton
hall; working condltlona (airly
good. Grub average (air, but atill
have aome old enamel dishes yet.
No bath house and blankets (urn-
Ished; wooden bedsteads aprlngs
and mattresses; no top bunks.
Wages 15.60 low, working high
lead. Good ground, three donkeys;
weekly boat. Bxpeot to be through
by Christmas.
Camp Committee.
This waa read at the regular
meeting on Oct 27, and moved and
seconded that thia be sent to The
Federatlonist' (or insertion on the
Lumber Workers page. On a vote
being taken, 21 (or, 2 against.
Fellow Workers Keer and Keane
wished to be recorded as being
against the publication of this report,'(or1 the renflon that It was
misleading to the members.
DEL. 664,
There are six Japanese camps,
logging (or Forest Mills Timber
Co., Cascade, B. C. Number of
men employed runs from 2 to 12
Union Is poorly represented, ai
men will not stay; board ls poor
ln all oamps, and very bad In most.
Accommodation bad; steel bunks
and.mattresses unknown here. The
old atyle flopping pen la still the
fashion In this neck of the woods.
No bath or dry room ln any o( the
camps; sanitary law Is totally Ignored. No atatutory pay day.
lawyers working by contract In
most of the camps. All the contractors are grub-ataked by the
Rook Citoek Trading Co, who pay
the men. The pay runs from $4.60
per day and pay board at Kenny's
oamp to $4 and board at Dick
Lumm'a camp; houra are' fair; 8-
hour day, travel one way on company's time. Contractor Sleeves Ib
reported to havo rendered his pigs
homeless, as he wanted their house
for an oflico and sleeping quarters
for himself. These are good camps
(or a C. P. A., so come on, fellows.
MEMBER 41003.
The workera at Camp 14 held
their meeting on Nov. 12. The
camp delegate called the meeting
to order at 7:80 p.m. sharp. Fellow Worker A. McLeod was elected
to the chair.
The flrat motion that was made,
and carried, was that an Inspection
of cards be held, which resulted
In gaining two new members, and
a large payment of dues being
made. This camp has a progressive delegate, and camp committee,
and the workera of this camp are
handling thlnga In a business-like
manner, which Is the only way to
handle union business with suc-
WALDO, b. c.
' fellow Wortier Dellp Singh, of
Waldo, died at the Fernle hospital
on Nov. 12, from pneumonia.
Donations to N. C. atrike fund
from membera In Fucease Camp,
Chase, B. C, collected by Delegate
A. Sundell, the sum amounting to
Donations from Camp 4, Okanagan Saw Mils, collected by Delegate A, Rogera, the aum amounting to (117.
Donations (rom Wm. Mclntyre's
camp, Sicamous, B. C, collected by
Delegate D. B. McDonald, the aum
amounting to $18.
Sutlcj Timber Co., Camp 1
At a apeclal meeting held on
Sunday night, Nov. 14, re 25 per
oent reduction on all employees'
wages, as proposed by the company.
, It wni regularly moved and esc-
onded, "That we refuse to accept
a cut of tl pel1 cent." Carried,
- Moved and aeconded, "That we
notify the auperlntendent of the
action of tho meeting, and request
transportation to nearest port of
•all or boat."
Delegate and Camp Com.
This plant Is shut down, and
having no money or cheques, they
paid the men off with a time-
slip. The (ood at the mill waa poor
quality, no eggs for breakfast, but
fatty bacon.
The liquor makers and runners,
and a few others worked lt and
10 hour* every Sunday, the other
days, lt hours when on night shift,
atralght time, and 11 hours day
shift alternately; 60 centa per hour
for liquor makers, 60c per hour
others. Sundays, time and a quarter after they had worked lt or 11
(■ours shift, respectively.
Before the mill closed down,
everything waa on the bum; smelters and machinery was greatly In
need of repairs.
There is a talk of the company
trying to raise a quarter of a million dollars In the States, and, Incidentally, to freeze out aome
amall shareholders.
On arrival. In Vancouver, the
men are still waiting (or their
The following is a list of unclaimed cheques at the Workmen's Compensation Board offices. The Initial
follows the surname. In applying
for cheque applicant must, give
name of employer with whom
working at the time of the accident, and, If possible, the number
of the accident claim.
Anderson, E., A.,. o, P., Gus;
Applesyard, a. E.; Amanuk, A.;
Alexander, J.; Dallas, A.; AInsley,
A. D.; Abbott, G. A,; Allison, A.
Baker, B. H.; Bruce, A.; Boaco,
O. Del.; Breanet, O.; Brown, H.;
Brody; Bos-butt, T.; Boonevllle, J.;
Bariauk, M.; Begoff, A.; Ball, C. E.;
Brown, W.; Bertona, M.; Burns,
Joseph; Baker, J. N.; Bailey, M.;
Boo, Lee; Bogrose, E.; Brown, W.
A.; Bourke, J.; Baldes, A.; Belles,
A.; Bell, J. D.; Bracken, Andy.
Cow, A. H.; Cameron, Lena;
Christie, I.; Champe, L.; Cannel, J.;
Cosarin, Q.; Carlson, a.; Cabba, No.
23; Collins, P.; Calhoun, E. C;
Cherba, P.; Cinello, A.; Cameron,
T.; Chase, 8.; Carlson, J.; Chung,
J.; Cherotte, J.; Comtek, J.; Cook,
A. L.; Cassldy, T. C; Charotte, R-;
Corbln, J.; Churchill, A.
DeBon, P.; Dubeck, A.; Doyle,
W.; Dubenaky, F.; Dango, A.; Dab-
berthlen, J. J.; Daniels, M.; Davis,
D.; DeCarte, L.; Drast, Nels; Dula;
Dennis, T.; Dynks, J.; Dean, W.;
Delandrea, A.; Drake, F.
Erickson, A.; Elberly, 8. R.;
Elingston, J.; Bsnouff, F.; Eastman, J.
Forsyth, D.; Falconer, J.; Flynn,
J.; Fausso, 'F.j Fraser, J. D.; Fu-
kaml, Kenjl; Forsberg, A.; Fu-
kada, M.
Gotlelb, C; Giles, T.I Gentile, D.;
Grant, G. A.; Grills, E.; Gainer, R.;
Gullmet, L.; Gallagher, W. M.; Gibbons, W. H.; Glrant, J.; Gill, W.;
Gee, Jung; Grossman, John; Ga-
chen, M.; Green, J. F.; Gloomset,
K.; Gum, Long; Gibson, A.
Hedeshely, G.; Hugo, S.; Hubert,
H,; Harluck, Bill; Hill, A.; Harvey,
F. A.; Hong, L.; Heyd, W.; Haya-
ehl; Hassell, E.; Hill, Jack; Hendrickson, O.; Hall, W. J.i Holt, J.;
Holm, J.; Holeht, A.
Ivanson, p.; Isabelle, E.; Isaac, C.
Joseph, D.; Jackson, J. £.; Jenkins, S. C; Johnson, G. W.; Johnson, A.; Johnson, —, H., L., W.;
Jncobson, M.; Johnson, John; Joe,
D.; Joseph, p.; Joe, C. Gon; Johnston, O.: Jackson, F,; Johnston, A.
H.; Jones, H-; James, F.; Jardlne,
J. A.; Jakalolt, B.
Koski, Sam; Kasato; Kuchovich,
M.; Knox, R.; Kobnylsh, K.;
Kean, W.; Kulsenvle, G.; Korgen,
B. H.; Kelly, T.; Kleley, D.; Koshir,
F.; Klsells, A.; Kltamura, S.;
Kama, C; Kee, Leo; Kappas, J. C;
Kanyamoto, K.| Katsuml, Katsu-
mosuka; Klein, C; Knight, John;
Kee, Kong; Kanlmoto, S.
Lynn, T. J.; Lemp, A.; Larson,
L.; Luk, F.; Lund, C; Lalley, Ed.;
Lewis, E. B.; Lyne, H.; Ling, BUI;
Leedham, F.; Lain, W.; Lindberg,
A.; Lund, L.; Lo, Lum; Llm, Hong;
Leydlcr, M.; Lee, Lum; Lannan, F.
J.; Lubuchensky, Pete; Lakusta,
A.; Luis, J.; Lane, J. B. C; Love,
T.; Lock, Chan.; London, C; Lund-
man, G.; Leroy, J.; Lodak, Tony:
Larsen, M.
Maror, R.; Maday, J.; Mokenna
J.; Mahara, J.; Mannerlng, J.l
Mower, C; Mozuk, A.; Mayo, R.;
Michllson, F.; Mlrande, W, C;
Morle, S.; Massimo, J.; Muclg, F.s
Martin, C; Murak, P.; Mack, S.;
MeU, O.; Maen, Jang; Mluahara
Ichlsake; Mliuyaber, Y.;   Murphy
C. D.; Mann, A.; Melvln, F.;
Mitchell, L.; Martin, W. W.; Malay:
Man Tit; Machon, F.| Martin, W.
W.; Mlkulich, J.
MeDougall, J.; McCormlck, J.;
McLeod, J.; McLeod, Dan; McCallum, W. E.i McVeety, Ci Mclnnes,
Dan; McCann, J. E.; McRle, E. R.;
McRae, R.
Newman, J.; Nogaml, K.; Newkirk, W. H.; Nlkltish, W.; Nan,
Blng; Nakaaekl, I.; Nlsh, James:
Nnkatanl, I.; Nagano, T.
Okuda, K.; Olson, J.; Osborg—
(O.shkey), G.; Oakleaf, O.; On
Llgh, Obata, S.; Oka da, T.
Pollard, H. l\; Fojolow, Bill; Peterson, J.; Petrlski, Mike; Prado-
nuk, A.; PlltaBkl, S.; Poles, J.;
Fierce, C. D.; Petroschuk, Joe;
Peel, E.; Pasko, G.; Parrow, E.;
Pares, H.; Park, J.; Palamar, A.;
Page, P.; Parker, D. M.; Paolo,
Que, Wong.
Rector, C. E.; Ross, D. A.; Ramsey, W.; Rowcliff, N.; Renper, F.
W.- Romanlskl, M.; Rice, E.; Ran,
Hans; Robertson, N.; Reed, T. B.;
Robinson, F, C; Raymond, A. H.;
Robinson, C; Robliison, T.; Randall, J.
Stockland, A.; Santos, E.; Slonl,
P.; Smiley, N. M.; Stall, O.I Stader,
W.; St. Agean, J.; Smith, J.; Snbo,
S.; Smith, 8.; Sudak, J.; Singh, O.;
Stewart, D.; Stewart, O.; Shand, F.;
Stlnson, It.: Singh, Purtab; Square-
brlggs, H. H.; Slmonette, J. Sasaki,
8.; Sterrttt, O.I Slnga No. 50; Smith,
A.; Susuadona, A.; Sannojoe, K.;
Stlorenest, W.; Sswchuk, Nick;
Shances, &.; Schrlever, H. E.; Serek,
Joe; Simpson, N.; Singh, Natha.
Tomchuch, J.; Tacuma, S.; To-
G. B. Currie and myself have
done some organisation work In.
Western Ontario (or our department, and also wherever possible
for the medical relief committee
to Soviet Russia.
We held organization meetings
at Kenora, Norman, Keewatin,
Dryden, Fort William and Port
Arthur1. Currie was the speaker
practically at all the meetings, and
his ability to outline the working
class position In society from a
militant class point of view, apparently created a burning sentiment (or the advancement of our
organization and action.
At the three former places, the
workers complained that they lack
the neoessary education and ability
to carry on the organization work
successfully, and that something
should be done to lead them in the
Btruggle, as they, being composed
of ao many different nationalities,
could not exercise concerted action on their own Initiative, against
the boss class. They assured us
that they are all willing to light,
providing we can procure for them
'leader." This may sound fictitious, and yet lt Is the actual psychology of the eastern worker, and
proof in Itself that we have to
adopt different tactics, and use
different methods In the east, from
that of the weat.
We did not hit (or the campa, aa
few of them were not opened up
yet, aome employing only a few
Jn Port Arthur, the O. B. U.
officiate assisted ua in arranging
meetinga under the terms that we
do not bring in tha dispute of the
late convention, and the form of
organization. We had the most
enthusiastic audience there, and
the workera responded well to the
medical relief to' Soviet Russia,
and a local committee was formed.
As under the circumstances, we
were ln no p- -itlon to make our
work self-supporting,' which would
make the strain unfavorable on
the headquarterV treasury if both
of ua are tn the field, ao I decided
to withdraw, and leave Currie on
the road. Besides that, I have done
my bit for almost a year, a' slave
for" the slaves. And I am sure that
there will be a new life In my kick,
(rom a point of view the slave
possess a steam throttle or an axe
or a saw In some lumber camp,
It was very evident that the
rank and fllo of the Lumber
Workers ln Port Arthur are solid
(or Industrial unionism.
Fellow workers, let's make this
season ln the east a season of action. We have to do lt, not only
in order to got better wases, shorter hours, etc., but In order to have
an organization. First of all, organizers have to be sent out to
take ln all the camps systematically, each month. A net work of
delegates have to link up all the
camps In any given locality by an
active communication, between
themselves and their district offlce.
An executive council has to be
formed by all the eastern districts
combined for the purpose of taking on its shoulders the responsibilities of guidance of our future
Milwaukee.— Recommendations
that the army of occupation be
withdrawn (rom Germany and the
money used for the upkeep diverted to the relief of the starving inhabitants, were the answer of the
Federatod Trades Council to a plea
of Judge A. C. Backus for relief
funds, when the organization concurred In a recommendation of its
erecutlve committee.
nick, N.; Tremblsy, P.; Taggart, J.
H.; Toy, W.; Takahama, T.; Tshl,
T. W.; Tamomoto, K.; Tanaka, F.;
Thlbalt, F.; Tagffart, J.; Trlplett,
W. R.; Thompson, A,
Uyeda, S.; Uchlda, Y.
Vulcano, N.
Wilaon, Hi; Walden, C; Wed-
lund, C; Warner, W.; Watklns, A.
L.; Wong, Lung; Williams, J.; Wa-
shuk, J.; Wagner, P.; Wilson, B,;
Williams, T.; Wood, G.; Weiss; W.
R.; Wild, E.; Watanabe, N.; Wilson, E.; Wlntrlp, J.; Wright, J.;
Wong, Kee; Whitney, Allan.
Yea, Singh; Yamamura, J.;
Yuen, O.; Ylvlkewich, P.
Flint Aid.
First Aid Instruction Classes will
commence January 4. The Compensation Board will arrange classes previous to that date If twenty
or mora will attend.
Tahkina Log Co...
Lapan Log; Co..
...Topaz Harbor
...Jackson Bay
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black .Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines - Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Miners of     Edmonton District
McLeod Timber Co.
United Grain Growers	
Gambicr Island
Kaslo District-All piece work; bum timber.
Prince George District
A class has now been formed
in Vancouver for the study of
Esperanto—the universal language—in order that all who
desire to read scientific working
class literature in this language
may have an opportunity to do
Recently many enquiries
have been made by members of
this organization as to possible
facilities being afforded for this
very valuable study, and the
class will be held every Sunday
from 12 o'clock noon to 1:30
p.m., at 210 Pender Street East.
No fees are asked, and no
collection is made.
Correspondence with Esperanto students in the camp is
invited. Address Secretary,
Esperanto Society, 210, Pender
Street East, Vancouver.
Is there a more-despicable thing
on the face of the earth than
He Is a traitor to hla class, hit
family and even to himself.
He Is without honor, manhood,
principle or any of thoae qualities
which distinguish a human being
from a brut*.
Even his fellow • scabs and the
boss despise him for they know he
is without principle, and will for a
price be willing to betray them as
he was to be a traitor to those
whoso plaoe he la filling.
He has no friends. He ls an out-
cast. There muy be "honor among
thieves" but this is an Impossibility
amongst those whose very existence
is based upon dishonor. He fears
and distrusts them. They hate and
distrust him.
Even hla family despise him.
Children jeer at him, and all those
who value the respect of their fellows refuse to- associate with him.
So despicable and detested is he
that he has been given the most
loathsome and disgusting names
that the language contains.
Frequently from pure depravity,
and not from need, he deliberately
takes the bread from the mouths
of little children by helping to
break a strike, and by so doing
forcing worse conditions upon the
workers who are striving to Improve them.
He accepts a temporary job at «
higher rate of pay so as to enable
the employer to force the workers'
back on the job at lower rates Ar'j
under worse conditions. He will sell
himself and everyone else for a dollar, or the sickening applause from
the parasite class whose dirtiest
work he performs.
He Is usually of the type who?1
because of their Inefficiency, lasl-'|
ness or general uaelessness, are urti.
able to hold their own on the Job/
or in competition with their fellow*
He has no place where decent
people congregate. His place is ln
the gutter, and amongst the rats,
parasites and other vermin which
are a product of a diseased social
What is a Scab? It Is a person
who knowingly and voluntarily
takes the place of a worker who ls
on strike, or has been discriminated against by his bosa for demanding better living and working conditions, or because of his union activities. It is the member of the
working class who takes the side
of the employer during a dispute
with the workers, and assists to
force them to accept less than they,
are demanding, or who takes the
work at lower wages, longer hours
or under worse conditions than
previously existed, when his fellow-
workers are trying to resist such
conditions. It Is the working class
member of the police, or armed
forces, citizen, or other committees
who take the side against the workers during labor or other disputes.
It Is the person who remains at
work when by so doing It tends
to weaken the cause of the men
who are on strike, or who enables
the employer to carry on the rest
of his business during such dispute.
The more and more pronouncedly
elass nature of even apparently
•mall Industrial disputes, and the
Regular    propaganda    meeting
I held at headquarters, Sunday, Nov.
H, 1920, at 2 p.m.
Fellow Worker Newton In the
Minutes of previous meeting
read and approved.
Delegate 726 reported that the
camp where he had been working,
the Booth Logging Co. had closed.
The company had given notice of
a wago reduction, and tho men
had agreed to accept it; but later
some of the men quit and there
not being enough men to run, the
company had closed down,
Financial report given In detail,
Balance on hand, Oct. 21. $2184.33
Receipts    9422.62
Expenditures .
Leaving balance on hand,
Nov. Jl, of. $2115.99
Report received and referred to
Moved: "That questions 4 and 5
of the Coast referendum, be recounted."
Amendment: "That question 4
of the Coast referendum be recounted."
Amendment to amendment:
"That the Coast executive referendum be requested to have questions 4 and S recounted by the auditors of the organization."
The amendment to the amendment, and the amendment lost.
The motion carried.
Moved: "That the auditors of
the organization recount questions
four and five."
Amendment: "That Fellow-
workers Kessick, Alaxender and
Clarke be appointed a committoe
of three to recount questions to at
nad five."
Amendment  lost.    Motion   c
A long discussion arose on the
quesUon of job action.
Moved: "that this meeting go on
record as not recognizing any
strikes, lockouts, walkouts or unfair lists." Motion carried by a
majority of one.
Moved: 'That the ballot tent out
by the general executive board of
the O. B. U. re the Pott Arthur
convention, be returned collect to
the general seeretary ot the O. B.
U."   Carried.
Meeting' adjourned at 5:16 p.m.
far-reaching effects of the actlvl
ties and outcome of such struggles
la creating a condition and working
class psychology that the making
of, or holding to, a contract,
agreement between a section of the
workers and the employers, which
will tend to prevent united action
on behalf of other workers when
such action is called for and necessary, is rapidly becoming recognized as a form of scabbing.
The more the distinctions which
previously existed between crafts
are being eliminated, and the con-
Sequent greater development of the
machine, factory and mass form of
industrial activity, and the more the
social nature of commodity production is recognized, the more inevitable lt becomes that even support
of the craft form of organization,
or anything which will tend to
weaken, or divide the workera into
sections, will fn time eome to be
recognized as scabbery.
> There ls no such thing as "outlaw" or "unauthorized" strike, unless it be one called by officials
without consulting the membership.
Any strike action decided upon by
a majority of the men on the Job
directly concerned constitutes a legal and authorized strike, inasmuch
as the only ones who should have
the right to call or settle a striko
are those directly affected—the
men on the job. Consequently those
going to work on a Job where there
ls a labor trouble called an maintained by a majority of the men
concerned, are scabs in every sense
of the word, even though they have
"official" sanction to do so.
Don't be a Scab—Be a man! and
prove your manhood by joining the
O. B. U. which aims to bring the
workers together as a clasa and according to the Industry in which
they are employed and with suoh
direct connection with all other
workers in all other industries that
when necessary united action can
be taken at any given time and
place to advance their mutual interests.
All units of the O. B. U. have
complete local autonomy in local
affairs. The entire organisation and
its officials are directly controlled
by the rank and file of the membership. The membership card ls
good on whatever Job you may be
without expense of transfer or rejoining.
(Copies of thli leaflet form are
available at Headquarters.)
By a vote of more than two to
one, tho membership have endorsed the action of the delegates to
the Port Arthur convention. By a
slightly larger majority, they approve of maintaining the industrial organisation headquarters, to
attend to the Internal affairs of the
workers within the industry, and
to Issue such supplies as their
special needs may require.
It now becomes necessary that
those who have a real dealre to
build up the O. B. U„ shall endeavor to bring the two faetlons together. There should be little difficulty ln this onee the principle is
accepted that any body of workers
shall have the right to organize In
whatever manner they consider
will best protect their Interests.
It is obvious that any element
that might tend to introduce personalities would leave the way
open to almost Inevitable discord.
Therefore the only safe way would
be to form^ a committee upon
which no one implicated in the recent dispute should take part, and
as there has heen more than a suspicion of machining for jobs, lt
would be a wise provision to insist that no member of a past or
present O. B. U. exeoutlve shall be
eligible to be on the future general
executive, or to hold office in or
from It.
The Lumber Workers general
convention, which will be held In
January, can elect their representatives, and lf the other section are
desirous of bringing the matter to
a speedy settlement, they can previously elect their representatives,
which will enable a meeting to be
held Immediately after the convention adjourns.
Coast Dlstrtcl Rerefendnm
Below Ib a copy of the recount
of questions 4 and 5, as submitted
by the auditors:
Question No. 4 is as follows:
Are you In favor—That a travelling organizer be appointed to go
from camp to camp?
Question No. 5 Is as follows
Are you In favor—That the Coast
district withdraw from the Cen
tral Executive Board of the Lumber & Camp Workera Industrial
Union, and affiliate direct with the
General Executive Board of the O.
B. U.?
Result of Recount of the Two
No. 4
No     1E49
Yes  977
No. 5
Majorities      572
Buttar & Chlene, Auditors.
Maintenance Fund
Contributions to the malnten
ance fund, amounting to $114,
Delghton's camp, Northeast Point.
Contributions of $5 each as follows:
D. Kerr, W. J. McCoy, J. Thorn-
burg, H. Green, K. Lerg, S. Aber-
crombie, J. Kitts, P. Mitchell, E.
Kelly, J. Nlcol, T. Sehult, G. Eraser, P. Klrby, D. McNaughton, G.
Lamont, J. Osborn, M. J. Keane, A.
Hanson, A. G. Deighton, M. Little.
Contribution of $2.50: D. Melville.
Contribution of $2: S. Blanchard.
Contributions of $1 each as follows: W, Kopp, J. Jacobson, W.
Walsh, D. Fraser, A, Felt, F. Bwi-
mon, L. Toung, A. Durard, C. Bridle, R. Little.
Hank's hired man says: "Both
gangs of old party politicians are
respeotabul no matter what deviltry they've been up to. Perhaps
it's because the Wall etreet vulture
has to have two wings to fly with."
autsoint for fltpUmbtr, 1990
Dues  ,.  1177.00
Peel   .         5,00
Balance OB kind August 81 «..„„.„. ...„._    936.43
Wsiei  9 90.00
Rent, light, phone snd hett  11.00
Office luppllei snd poitsge —...-.....—.. 6.60
Orgftniiitlon     -  ....- «. 4-95
Printing     -   „ 3#>
Balance on band September SO  904.413
Statement for September, 1920
Duea       ..» 9260.00
Feei        ..         28.00
Delegatea' remittances -  9175.00
Leia commiiilon and •ipenaee ............      1.00
Refund!            40.00
Bnttona and foldera           4.10
Collection for Soviet Medical Fund  „—        4.00
Collection for Winnipeg Defense Fund        14.00
Collection for Flower'a Defenie, California....      23.00
Balanca on band Auguit 81 „ .    484.80
Eipendlturei— '
Wagei         • "7.50
Rent, light and phone    27.80
Offlce inppliei and poitage —_  25.10
Organiiallon     «.95
Remitted Soviet collection -   _„}[■_._[
Remitted to headquarter!   400.00
Balance on hand September 80 .—.  OOP-8*
Statement for September, 1920
DllCI        „  ..nnnn       $144.00
Feei      8.00
Delegate!1 remittance!  9182.15
Lesi commission and etpensei      10.75
District memberi       9.00
Sunrlriea   _  18.06
Balance on hind August 31      882.81
Wanes    ..  9240.00
Offlce account -  -   4.45
Host and light   0.80
Organisation    ..... -  212.50
Sundries    —..». ~ -  1.25
Balance oa bind September 80 .... „. 273.26
Statemont for September, 1920
Duei  ..:  ~ ~ n - 9 109.00
Feci    ..— -  2.00
Delegate!' remittance!  9764.61
Lou commluion and eipeniei    29.90
 • 784.81
Bottom, folders and literature »....„... 12.80
Balance on band Auguit 91  «  281.56
Wages     ™.
Offlce suppliei and postage .
Organisation    ._.„ .............
.Sundry expenau
Remitted to headquarters ...............
Balance on hand September 80 .
Statoment for September, 1920
Duei   —_—...- —. .	
.9  278.00
Delegates' remittance!
...    2.60
Leu commluion and expenses .
Collection for Kamloops Sick Fund - 26.00
Winnipeg Defenie Fund » „„.„„- 7.00
Balance on hand July 81 .  —. 262.26
Rent  and  light      ...»	
Office supplies and poitage .
Remitted to Kamloopi Itt 8,  F. ......
Remitted to A. S. Wella for D. F. 	
Expense re new ball, balance	
Balance on hand September 16 *. ....
Statemiat Ht September, 1920
Duei     ».......*1  ...... 	
Delegates'  remittances
Leas, commluion and oj
Loan from Finnish Society
Rent received   \....
Defense Stamps sold
iifteniei     61.64
Refund on convention eipennr-s 	
O. B. U. buttons, foldetij etc	
Balance on band Autfust 31  —    260.81
- 1.20
Offlce supplies and postage 	
Organization     „.
Expenses ro District Convi-nfion  .
Expensrs ro 0. B. U. Convention .
Sundry expenses 	
Hitlnneo on hand September 80 .
...9 260.00
... 40.28
... 97.50
... 467.35
...     446.08
Statement for September, 1920
Delegates'  renilttnncu  9120.00
Less commission and expenses      18.80
■  101.20
Advance   from  headquarters    876.00
Collection for Soviet Medical Fund   60.00
Taylorton Minors' Fund   28.00
0. B. U. buttoni   85.00
Balance on Auguit 91 - - 14.08
Wagei      „.„   9280.00
Rant sad heat -      48,75
Office farniihingi
Organisation   .......
Office supplies and postage
Ukrainian Labor Newi
Soviet Medical Fund
Taylorton Miners' Relief
Sundry expeniei
Balance oa hand September 80
Statoment for September, 1990
Don       __  _.
Dolegates' remittance!  9846.70
Less  commluion and expense! ..-..—.,     0.82
Rent of chain „_...„....„_
O. B. U. buttoni and folders	
Colleftloa for Winnipeg defenie fund .
Balance oa hand Auguit 81 *.	
Light and phono .
Offlce aupplfei and poitage .
Remitted Winnipeg Defense Fund —	
Remitted to headquartera .... «
Expeneei ro O. B. O. Convention	
Sundry expeniei    ™i«J™ ..................
Balance on hand September 80 —	
Statoment for September, 1020
Delegate! remittance!  	
Balance on band August 81 	
Wagei      a	
Rent and light	
Offlce auppile* and poitage 	
,_          8.80
Expense! re O. B. U. convention 	
Winnipeg Defense  Stamps 	
Literature and papers	
Balance on band September 80 .„	
Statemont for September, 1920
Delegatea'  remittance! .
Leu commission and expenses .
O. B. U. bottom .
...    84.90
Balance on hand Auguit 91 .
Wages     ,  -  $180,00
Rent, light and heat  ~  24.65
Office lupplleo, poitage snd furnishings -  20.85
Organisation 1 2.60
Sundry expeniei _ 6.25
Balance oo baud September 80 »  66.18
The study of biology is Interesting, as lt gives an understanding
of the science of life, and how
changing environment and the
means whertby the necessaries of
life are procured, has compelled
adaptation to these changes by the
particular form of life affected;
those who could not conform to
the changed conditions were automatically eliminated. The changes
varied ln degree, time and place,
with the result that many specimens of what might almost be
ternjed freaks are to be found. In
some cases the changes over many
thousands of years have been
small; in others, limited changes
in certain places, great changes
In others, with the result that
specimens of the same species exist which In external appearances,
and even ln actual structure, have
very Uttle, if any, in common.
Other cases ar* found In which the
transition has apparently reached
a midway stage, It being, to the uninitiated, difficult to know just what
class to place the specimen In. Man,
himself, as a species has evolved
from a lower to a higher plane;
from a tree living animal, through
various stages to a position well at
the head of the animal kingdom. He
has now attained a degree of development which gives htm control
over all other forms of life, and
even to a great extent the natural
forces themselves. He utilises the
rocks to build himself marble halls
-the minerals to make machines—
the ether to carry his messages and
the air to fly in. Tet despite this,
there are at the same time ln other
environments sections of the human race who are little evolved
from the brute stage, still struggling for life against animals of
other1 species—not only unable to
utilize the natural forces, but actually afraid of them. These op
parent contradictions are easily explained, and understood by those
Who study the factors which operated to cause them. But possibly
more Interestnlg than anything else
the apparent freaks which are occasionally to be found, not in those
casos where the evolutionary stage
is midway between two distinct
states, but where, while the species,
or group within tho ppccles, has attained a certain definite average
condition, isolated specimens within
that group exhibit pronounced atavistic traits. They are "throw-
backs," or reversions to a previous
type. During comparatively recent
periods man has lived ln many,
ways, living In open air, tree
houses, grass houses, caves, igloos,
teepees, wood houses and stone buildings. Each stage, in the main,
indicating development In a higher
degree and consequent discarding
of a lower form.
From killing animals for their
fur to make his only clothing, the
using of the inner bark of a troo,
or a bunch of gra>$ for thc same
purpose, he evolved to spinning the
cocoon of a silk worm, or the wool
from tht sheep's back into thread
and weaving cloth. From facing
unprotected the changes of the
weather, he evolved to protecting
his body with clothing according
to the changing requirements, carrying additional garments for use
at night, and eventually, as his
places of abode or routes of travel
became more fixed, he was able to
dispense with unnecessary burdening and Instead, permanent provision for his needs, in these respects
being arranged for. Thus as man's
status became less individual and
more social, Improvement** were
made In supplying his needs, and
shough some improvements were
made very slowly, there were periods In which repld strides were
made, such as within the experience of mm now living who at ono
time, when .travelling from place
to place, depended more upon those
arrangements they had made for
themselves than upon those made
for them. Two or three decades
ago a traveller provided his own
food and cooking utensils, sleeping
accommodations, etc., then to greater degrees he was relieved of personal responsibilities for theae mat.
trs until now In the most highly-
developed social life, whether travelling by ship, rail ur air, the necessary provisions to cater to his neods
have become of the nature of social
Possibly millions of years ago,
what In now the human being, carried his house on his back like a
snail, but that stage, If ever It existed, ls so remote that tho probability of a human being existing
today with that characteristic is
very unlikely. It ls not Infrequent
to flnd human beings with fully-
developed organs which ln the race
generally have become atrophied,
Such cases, besides being Interesting as freaks, have at the same time
a certain value In the study of bio
logy, assisting as they do In tracing the evolutionary processes
through which man has pnsKud,
They ln no sense constitute nn element of danger, bcause the poses-
sion of tli«'ne unusual attributes are
Btlf-contalned within the Individual,
and even lf transmitted to an offspring—which is unlikely—would
prohably he less pronounced and a
matter of concern only to the Individual affected. There are, however, human "throw-backs" with
traits which are decidedly matters
of concern to the community generally, ond particularly that section
with whom they associate. For, ns
previously Btated, the human raee
Is evolving more nnd more from
the Individual self-contained organism Into a complex social organism, and the use of some individual chnrncterlHllcH have been so
recently discarded thnt the tendency of the individual to revert
bnck Is still common nnd constitutes a menace to, or clo^ upon,
the socinl progress. A throw-back
of this type is well illustrated by
the Individual who, whilst consorting with fellow humans who have
acquired and adapted themselves
to the use of the qualities of a
moro highly developed stnte, hns In
himself fully developed and striving to function the characteristics
of a previously more Individual nnd
consequently less social stnte. According to the length of time since
the previous stage which he typl-
floB, nnd the consequent relative
proportions between the represnta-
tlves of tho old ond the new, so the
fnrmer benefit by, nr menace the
progress nf the latter. Tho Individual who still persists In living
9268.89'according to a previous standard
On Sept 25, Fellow Worket
Simpson and the undersigned, Ml
out from the Sudbury office tt
"take tn" the camps In thie district.
The flrst camps we went to weri
those of the Hope Lumber Co., anl
those of Malloy tt McFadden Co.
We found these camps ln a very
filthy condition. Th* workeri
were, for the most part, In favor
of the union, but Very few were in
a position to Join.
After leaving these camps, we
came to the' "Soo" to await supplies, etc. On obtaining these, we
started up the A. C, R. as far as
Mile 97, where the Bishop Lumber
Co. has some camps. Follow
Worker Simpson went to on* camp
and I to another.
After coming out to the railroad
again, we separated. Simpson making a "Jump" to C. N. K., and myself continuing along the A. C. R.
In some camps I wu told to "beat
it," but I usually managed to talk
to the boys, and distribute literature before getting this "command."
To date 25 camps have been
visited, many of which are miles
from the Railroad, taking a day or
two to reach them. No doubt Simpson has been ln an equal number.
What the workers need here le
plenty of leaflets, short and to the
At present there appear* to be a
laok of delegatee who are' not
'duds," but what with the active
opposition of the master* and competition for Jobs, thl* matter will
be righted.
Insofar a* the organisation Is
concerned, It Is better for an organiser to be run out of camp than
to take in 25 member*, for every
time one is chased out It starts a
"chewing" match, and no one can .
measure the result of these discussions.
The French workers are coming
fast, much faster than I expected.
This ts very largely due to the
After leaving the A. C. R., I
went over the C. N. R. On this
line I found some camps that were
not flt for a pig to live In. No
ventilation, one or two small windows In the gable ends. Needless
to say, I got "crummy" several
One need not mind Hoe in the
summer' time; It is easy to "boll
up," but ln the winter It ls very
Inconvenient to say the least In
one camp a slave was dancing
after supper before his master,
that he got so "het up" after his
performance, that he was scratching for hours afterwards.
The "mountiea" are visiting the
camps asking the foreman If they
have any complaints about union
men. All I have to say ls that I
hope they get good and lousy, but
they seem to be "next" to this, and
do not sleep in tho bunk houses.
Gxelutlve Member R. Higgins.
...9 190.00
...     288.46
... 200.00
...     006.87
9 93.00
Tom Pearay and Arthur Keland,
write general headquarters.
Angus McCormlck, previously
with Comox Log Co., headquarter*.
E. Hell, H1120; P. A. Vlgner,
V120; F. O. Powell, James McLaughlin, H. Challender, K. C. ISO;
John D. Marr, John Williams, Alf
Malund,  M211,  and  B.  Johnsson,
J. Strahllnsky and Roy Carnegie
to communicate with the Coast
A. Brewer, previously with McKee & Campbell.
A ny one knowing the whereabouts of Alex. Weis, last heard of
at Klngsgate, B. C, January, 1910.
Please communicate with hi*
brother, Joe Weis, Box 82, Prince
Qeorge, B. C.
WasyJ Syrotiuk, supposed to be
In Vancouver, is inquired after by
Frank Ullman, of Cosmopolis,
Wash.. U. 8. A.
H. W. Mansfield send address to
Coast Headquarters.
On Board Union S. S. Cunosnn
(Second Class)
A stinking trough latrine, and
cook house table never scrubbed;
beds dirty, with old mattresses.
Amongst freight was also a big
bunch of Chinese that had their
own beds on the floor. They had
no blankets, and were not, allowed
on quarter-deck, doors locked;
kitchen help, chefs and flunkies alt
Chinese; no towels or soap to keep
clean; anything seems good enough
for second-clans passengers. There
was also some air-tight bins with
some stinking flsh Inside,
The capitalist does not practice
"Do unto others what yoa would
hnve them do unto you," but he
certninly does do the workert good
and plenty. Yours for solidarity,
F.  P.
Any one knowing the present
whereabouts of Stephen Tallinn,
please communicate with Coast dl9*
trlct offlce, Vancouver, B.* C.
Where Is your Union button?
whose eyes and thoughts—If ho
ever uses his brain—are always
turned to the past, and never to the
future: who sees himself as a self-
contained entity and not part of a
xocial force; nuch on Individual I*
out of place In a piogreaslvc community. He Is a clog on the wheel
of progress; an out-of-date—a r:-
lie rf bygone n^cs—a throw-bacK.
. In this cut gory belongs .-ie
mnn who |■■.(►.sit in carrying las
bed on his bnck—who refuses to
join with his fellow men In advancing their social status to a higher
level—who thinks that pnrast'.cB
who live on the labors of the workers arc necessary to human society
--who thinks that because of hi*
limited knowledge, a thing has always been that It must, of con3e<
quonce, always bc—who think*
that n long work day, bod living
conditions, contract, piece-work or
bonus system Is good for tho worker because the boss favors It.    ,
The place for such as these is In
a community which has not yot
evolved to the highest degree. In
mentnl capacity they still belong to
thc treo and cave dwellers. . In
their standard of physical needs,
they aro about equal to the medieval serfs. Judged by the present-
day standard, thy ore "throw-
backfl," and consequently out • of
place except as museum specimens
to Illustrate a past stage ln human
development ^AGliFOUft
twelfth year, no. 48   THE BRITISH COLtyftlBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY .November 26,  1920
Published every Friday morning by Tie B. 0.
FederationiBt, Limited
A, B. WELL*...
Offlce:   Boom 1, Victoria Blook, 842 Pender
Street Weat
Telephone Soymonr 5871
Subseribtion bates: Unitod Statos and Foreign,
18.00 per year; Canada, 12.SO per year, .1.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month,
Unity sf Labor: Ih* Bop* of the World
..November 26,  1920
BEFORE our next issue appears the
provincial elections will be over. The
political excitement will have died down,
and the slaves will know whether they
are to be governed by the Liberal or Con-
* servative wing of the
HOW ruling class.' One
WOBKEBS thing, however, is
BHOULD VOTE    sure, and that is that
that they will be
ruled, for ruling is the function of all
governments. The point of interest just
now, however, is what will the workers
do on election day. Many will not wish
to "lose" their votes. They will want to
vote for the "best" man. And those that
follow this line of reasoning will vote for
the "best" man. He may be a Conserva.
tive, or he may be a Liberal, or he may be
* type of labor man such as is running in
Victoria from the Central Labor Council.
These people will not "lose" their votes,
but they will demonstrate that they had
nothing else to lose, and have not yet
realized their position in human society.
It is, however, impossible for men who
have not grasped the nature of the system under wliich we live to be anything
but what they are. When the workers
in Winnipeg voted in the last Manitoba
election, they demonstrated by the fact
that they split their votes between the
old political parties and working-class
representatives, that they had not yet
grasped the nature of the class struggle,
and while supporting Dixon and placing
hiin at the head of the poll, they did not
vote for Bussell, who had been meted out
the greatest measure of ruling class justice. This fact demonstrates the amount
of intelligence the workers in that city
displayed during an election that had
more than usual interest for the workers,
in view of tM nature of the class antagonisms that had been manifested during
the general strike. A like situation can
develop in this city, and all we have to
say at this late date in the election, is that
if the workers wish to see working-class
representatives elected, they cannot obtain
their object by voting two or three ways.
They must either cast a working-class ballot, or their efforts will be useless. The
advice of the old parties at this time u
apropos, and that advice is, "vote the
straight ticket." If the workers wish
representation, they can only obtain it by
voting a working-class ticket.
THE working-class movement is in a
state of flux. In fact it is in the
melting pot From local centres in Canada to European countries, and even in
international working-class gatherings,
the same tendencies can be
WHAT seen.   The right wing is
THE SPLITS going further to the right,
MEAN and the left is going still
further to the left, or in
other words, to scientific Socialism. Many
deplore the many splits that are appearing in the ranks of the working class. To
those that have made a study of the
situation, they are a source of satisfaction,
as they demonstrate that Ae labor movement of the world is being clarified, and'
consequently will be strengthened later
by that clarification. In Winnipeg the
Dominion Labor Party is split wide open.
In Calgsry the same thing has happened.
In the old land the resignation of Brace
from the miners' executive, and the
growth of the strength of the left wing in
the trades union and political movements,
are also an indication of the struggle that
is going on in working-class ranks for a
real working-class movement. The International Federation of Trades Unions,
which cannot be looked upon as an advanced organization, but which is more or
less reactionary, has taken such a stand
as to drive the reactionary Appleton into
line with Sam Gompers, and all down the
line the tendencies of the working class
to clear out the reactionary and out-of-
date policies and teachings are evident.
* » *
There are many who deplore these
splits in working-class ranks, but instead
of their being a matter for regret, they
are one bright hope in working-class
circles, and demonstrate that the movement is drawing away from the old
shibboleth of a fair day's pay for a fair
day's work, and is reaching out for
* fundamentals. They demonstrate that
the workers are slowly but surely realizing that under capitalism there can "be
nothing but misery for the working class,
and only by bringing the capitalistic system of production to an end can human
slavery be eliminated. Ruling class politicians may rave about the red agitators,
etc., but the fact remains that only the
SociaUst is capable of understanding the
tendencies of modern events.
* * »
I While the Gompers, and the Moores,
and the Appletons, are striving to retain
their hold on the working-class movement, and the reactionaries are seeking
cover under the different governmental
wings, the forces of reaction nre paving
the way for future wars. The same old
commercial rivalry is still to the fore, and
every newspaper that is published, shows
that while Germany may not at this time
be a very dangerous competitor, yet new
antagonistic groups are being formed because of conflicting interests. Oil is now
the centre of attraction. The different
capitalistic   governments   realizing   the
valuo of oil as a means of fuel, and
power, are all struggling to obtain, or retain control, of the areas, which, are either
at present oil-bearing, or have that, potentiality. Persia is in the hands of the
British, that is so far as oil is concerned.
Mexico offers great opportunities to the
U. S-A't an^ national policies are being
drafted in keeping with the desire to se--
cure the greatest possible amount of oil.
* * »
Commercial rivalries and jealousies are
the inevitable outcome of capitalism.
Commodities today are not produced for
use but for profit. They are produced to
be sold in a world's market. This market
is circumscribed, and is naturally becoming more and more restricted as the
backward countries develop the capitalistic methods of production. This is inevitable, as the workers at all times produce more than they can consume, or
there would be nothing left for thc owning and possessing class. Hence there is
a surplus of commodities on the market
and from time to time an industrial depression, and a financial panic results.
Such a period as this is on top of us
at this time. Unemployment will be rife.
People will starve while the warehouses
of the world are overflowing with the produce of labor. Millions are now starving
in Europe as a result of the breakdown
in tho financial system under which capitalism operates, and while the people
suffer, the ruling-class apologists are denouncing the Socialists as being out to
destroy civilization; to break up the home,
and to strew the earth with wreckage,
and plunge society into ehaos. What
greater chaos than exists in the old woyld
today could be created we fail to see, and
the workers are at last realizing that it is
not the governments of the world, but the
system, that is wrong. Consequently, the
working class is turning to the men who,
having made a study of human society,
and understanding it, and the present system under which we live, can explain
the tendencies of modern times. The
workers are shaking off the men who have
all the outlook of the ruling class, and
who at eve,ry turn act as retarding influences in the working-class movement.
A new alignment is in the making, and
that alignment is in line with the conditions which prevail, and based on the
socialistic philosophy, which in turn rests
on the materialistic interpretation of history and the class struggle. This philosophy demonstrates that the troubles of
human society today are the result of
human slavery. That on that institution
the capitalistic system is built, and until
that system is abolished the workers will
be slaves and the ruling class masters.
The class ownership of the means of
wealth production is tl\e means whereby
the working class is enslaved, and the
rift in the labor movement is a demonstration that this fact is becoming clear
in the minds of the workers, and that the
working class ia consciously moving
towards the left wing in order that the
system may be brought to an end as soon
as possible, and with as little suffering as
the ruling class wll allow. It will
be the reactionary forces that will bar the
way to freedom, and in discarding the
reactionaries in the working-class movement, their activities on the inside will be
curtailed, and to that extent will bc less
dangerous and likely to cause trouble. Under these circumstances the splits will
lead to greater unity, based on thc goal
of the working elass, which is freedom
—freedom from capitalistic exploitation
and militarism.
HARDLY a day passes without some
misrepresentation of the facts with
respect to the working-class movement
appearing in the daily press of this country. Most of it is of such a nature as to
deceive only those
PROPAGANDA that are so credu-
KEWS AMD lous   as   to   take
THEPBEBS for truth  all that
is printed. Again
there is misrepresentation that is of
such a nature as to give a semblance
of truth to the stories that are circulated.
Dealing with the deportation of E. J.
Costello, manager of the Federated Press,
the Financial Post, published in Toronto,
has once again demonstrated its lack of
regard for the truth by digging up old
newspaper stories that have no foundation
in fact. Costello is described as one of
the Soviet news vendors in this country.
This may be perfectly true, but he would
like to know if the daily press has not
published more "stories" about Soviet
Russia than Costello ever dreamed of, in
fact stories that were concocted in the
editorial sanctums of the papers circulating the stories, or sent out from the
capitals of the various countries which
were opposing Soviet Russia for ruling-
class propaganda purposes. Dealing with
mon of Costello's stamp, which the Financial Post describes as Soviet news vendors, the Post says:
"These fakirs have such a capacity
for propaganda even in England that
so sane a newspaper publisher as Lord
BiddeQ and the Newspaper Proprietors' Society have taken up Costello's
case. Tom Moore, president of the
Trades and Labor Council, or Senator
Robertson, Canadian Minister of
Labor, should cable Lord Riddell and
his friends somo quotations from
Costello'a contributions to Canadian
Mr. Costello was at one time with
the Associated Press and therefore
knows the methods by which propaganda is easily spread.  Closely allied
with him is the London Daily Herald,
which admitted that it was largely
financed with Russian Soviet money.
The Post's reference to fakirs is particularly funny when taken in connection
with the later references to Tom Moore
and Gideon Robertson. But that is immaterial, what we wish particularly to point
out is the faet that the lio about the Daily
Herald being financed by Soviet Russia is
repeated oven after the daily press has
published the story of the refusal of the
directors of that patter to accept money
raised by the Third International. Thi
demonstrates the amount of attention
that should be paid to anything that appears in the daily press or financial newspapers published in this country. It may
not be Soviet News, but it certainly is
anti-working class propaganda.
Our comments on the candidature of
J. H.'Hawthornthwaite in the Newcastle
district have raised that gentleman's ire.
We are not surprised at that, but until our
questions are answered to the satisfaction
of the workers in that district we shall
oppose him at all times. _We again state,
that if Sam Guthrie, the chosen candidate
of the working class, is defeated, then J.
H. Hawthornthwaite is responsible for the
election of an old line politician. This
will only add to the number of questions
that he must answer before he can ever
pose as a working-class representative. It
is also necessary to state that the many
measures and amendments to legislation
that Mr. Hawthornthwaite credits himself
with obtaining for the workers, were not
all secured by his own efforts. Parker
Williams, Bill Davidson and Jack Mclnnis
also had something to do with them. No
doubt they could tell a story if they
wished on this matter, but it is impossible
to allow statements made by J. H. Hawthornthwaite at a meeting in Ladysmith
last week, on his work in the House, to
go unchallenged. Not all the credit belongs to him as claimed. While we may
differ with the men who aided in the securing of the legislation referred to, we
cannot refrain from giving them a little of
the credit that J. H. H. in his egotistical
moments claims for himself alone. It
might also be mentioned that the labor
organizations of the province also had
considerable influence on the government,
and aided the work in the legislature.
May we also point out that when the
workers chose Sam Guthrie, they were
within their rights in choosing a man to
represent them, and any individual that
enters the lists without the endorsation
of the workers is an interloper, and not a
working-class candidate.
Mr. F. C. Wade, .Agent-General for
British Columbia in London, wants to
know what sore of an Empire we have.
Being the agent of the big business inter,
ests, ho should know, but seeing that the1
question has been asked, we will attempt!
to enlighten that gentleman. Empire
means supreme power, dominion. That
being so, it means supreme power or dominion over people. It may be over the
people of two or many countries. The1
British Empire is supreme ovor manjf
countries; in fact, as stated by the ruling
class, it is the largest empire the ■woiuL.
has $ver seen, and consequently has dominion over more people than any oth$i
empire ever had. To hold dominion over
a people means that thc people over whom
the dominion is held are in subjection.
That is the sort of empire "we" hart*.'
The thing that hurts Mr. Wade the most,
however, is the fact that the British interests prefer to deal with American and
German rather than Canadian firms. This
may appear strange to Mr. Wade, but not
to anyone that understands the basis of
business, which is profit. Patriotism and
profits do not go together. At times it is
patriotic to wipe out the strongest competitor, but it does not apply when it
is a question of buying in the cheapest
market. If any of our readers need an
illustration they have only to watch how
the employing class discriminates against
the different workers when purchasing
labor power. They do not discriminate
in favor of the British worker, not on
your life, if the German or the Italian
or the Chinese worker is the cheaper j then
the Britisher is discriminated against,
Thus empires are built. This is the kind
of empire we have, and this is also the
type of patriotism of those that hold dominion by controlling the empire.
While the inter-church movement confined itself to the saving of men's souls,
money was forthcoming from all agencies. But a change has taken place. The
inter-church movement started to investigate industrial relations, and even delved
into the steel strike and the methods of
the Garys of the U. S. A., and as a result the donations fell off. The banks
have issued an ultimatum, and credit is
curtailed. Thus is it demonstrated once
again that the ruling class has an understanding of just what the church's mission is, und as soon as it steps outside of
the function for which the ruling class
supports it, then the wherewithal by
wliich it is enabled to carry on is cut off.
Working Men and Women.
Under no other form of social
organization than one organized
on a basis of production for profit
could we have absolute want and
poverty because of an over abundance* of products or of means of
producing them. Under no other
form of social organization would
production be curtailed and the
distribution of the thlnga needful
for human welfare stagnate while
there was lacking a sufficiency, except under that of the present capitalist system of production for
Before the profit system came
into being, about the 16th century,
if the people suffered from want lt
was because there was a shortage
through failure of crops, etc, or
from the disaster of war. The
aim of production was to provide
a sufficiency for the community.
That was the situation obtaining
under handicraft production and
of the petty trade in character with
it. The handicraftsman worked
for a livelihood and the. trader of
the period as a rule had no higher
But the small scale method of
production anod distribution of
handicraft era la gone. The large
scale method of modern industry is
now here and with - It we have
solved the problem of under-production only to create the problem of over-production. But the
large scale method, is not the cause
of over-production, it being merely
the means through which it became effective. The cause of overproduction ls the principle of production for profit upon which the
lar'ge scale method of modern Industry ls operated.
Modern industry must be directed to the purpose or livelihood for
society as a whole if we would
avoid famine and poverty in the
midst of abundant wealth and capacity to produce wealth.
The laws of social progress and
the pressing needs of humanity
demand the abolition of capitalist
ownership of the means of wealth
production and production for
profit and that they give way to
social ownership and production
for use.
The law of development for human society Is the continual creation of mor. and more perfect instruments for the furtherance of
Its life.
The great barrier to social progress today la the traditional concepts, held by the working class,
which cling around outworn Instruments.
Reader, you are asked to attend
the oducational classes of the Ho-
cialist party of Canada SO that you
may become proficient in helping
to remove that barrier.
Local Vancouver No. 1, 401
Pender street east, economic class,
Sundays 3 p. m.
History class Thursday 8 p. m
On the first Sunday in December at 3 p. m. the. beginners' class
In economics will meet for the
first time. Please show up. Also
see ad. In Fed.
Buy at a union atore.
Grand Army Meeting
L. J. Millar and P. H. North,
candidates for th. Grand Army of
United Veterans in Vancouver City
wtll address meetings in the Belvedere Hall, Tenth and Main, this
(Friday) evening, and at the Columbia theatre, Sunday evening, at
8 p.m. They will be assisted by
other speakers. Both these candidates have signed their "Recall,"
which la now ln possession of the
Co-op. Social, Deo, 1
A big social will be held to celebrate tho flrst annual opening of
the Vancouver Co-operative Society in the Orange HaU, Gore and
Hastings streets, on Friday evening, Dec. 3.   Admission free.
Phon* Btymonr 8499
The Famous Drama
"A Fool There
Next Week
the Comedy Dog pt tbe Films '
 Other Big rotates
O. J. Mengel
Writes oil classes of Insurance.
Representing only first-class
Board companies. If Insurance
is wanted, write or phone Sey.
Office   address,   SOS-t   Winch
Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
Corner Hastings and Columbia
Mail Orders   Promptly
Attended to    >
S. P. OF C, 401 PENDER ST. E.
Economic class every Sunday afternoon, commencing at
3 o'clock.
History class overy Thursday evening, commencing at
8 o'clock.
An Elementary Economic Class for beginners will commence the first Sunday in December (the 5th), at 3 p.m.
These classes are of paramount interest and necessity to
the working class, and are conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
Some of our readers havo written protesting against tho introduction of al
comic section on several pages of the Fed.)
For their information we wish to ststq
that the pages in question did not carry]
comic sections, but merely political ad-l
vertising. We needed the money, and]
even a labor paper has to have that —\
order to carry on. If our readers objects
to sueh advertisements, they will have to!
assist in paying the freight. ,
Press dispatches suggest that thai
League of Nations may go bankrupt]
financially. It was bankrupt intellectually
from the start, but there are still soma
people that have not yet realized that thd
Unitod States is the League of Nations
since Harding was elected,
Voters who do not cast a ballot in the
coming election, will automatically be
crossed off the voters' list. H there is
no working class candidate in your district that you can vote for, then write
Socialism across your ballot, and remain
on the list.
There is lots of talk on political plat-
forms as to whether the Bowser or Oliver administrations borrowed money the
cheapest. Jobless slaves will, no doubt,
be deeply interested as they will most
likely be in need of a loan in the near
future. .     -   -
Campaign. Meetings will be held tonight, Friday, the 26th,
Sooialist Hall. Sunday, the 28th, Empress Theatre. Monday, the 29th, Sooialist Hall. Tuesday, the 30th, at the
Pender Hall.
Prices are lower today
than they have been
for a long time
We are selling a good line
of Bib Overalls, at $2.00
Green Label Underwear, at
$1.25 garment.
Gold Label Underwear, at
$1.76 per garment.
Men's heavy ribbed Sox; 3
pairs for $1,00.
Rain Coats, from $5.00 up.
Overcoats from $16.00 up.
Men's Hats, good ones, at
Men's Caps, $1.00 each,
"Men's Khaki Shirts, $1.00.
Men's heavy Sweater Coats,
Men's  all-wool  Sweaters,
(Stanfield's), $2.60.
Oil Clothing, in endless
18 and 20 Oordova Street West
Diamond Gifts are the ideal medium
for conveying the Christmas sentiment—a gift in exquisite taste. Diamonds, alone or in oombination
with pearls and gems, are shown ht
jewellery of every" sort.
Our cue, ihow muy Hulet muplu of th.
Should you profor ten* opsdal doilfu made te
order wo can submit akatohaa ud sitlmatai thai
wlU surely moot with yonr approval
Tie Pins   .
Dinner Rings
Cuff Links
The House of Diamonds
480-48* Granville Stnet
At Comer Pender
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, features
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dwital Art Parlors
805 GranvUle Street
Open evening! betweon 8 and t
Oor. Bobson, Onr Owl Drag Ston
Phono Seymour 6238
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Servlc.
Fine Cars
331 Abbott St.     Vancourer
Phone Ser. 8877-8878
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Matinee 2:30
Evenings 8:20
Ring up Pbone Seymour ISM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite SOI Dominion Bulldlnf
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at oost. Our stock'
ts Big ,and so ar. our Bargains, Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furnitur. Bought Ud
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour SMS
In that dark hour vih.n sympathy and boat s«rvlc. count to
much—call up
Phone Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Service
Ottlo. Hoars:   10 to 11 s.m., IKS
P.m.   Ennlop: 7 to I pm. He*
dsy, WadoMdsy snd Friday.
Phon. Ssy. 1471.
Dr. Willard Coates
Ohiroprattor aad Dnilsts PkystsM
(Succenor to Dr. John Or»y)
J0-S1-S2 P. Boas Bldf., ll Bastings
St., W., Vancoaw, B. O.
(Bitmm Fantasia Tht.tr. aad B. C.
I. S. Stsiloaj
Phone Sey. SSI      Day or Night
531 Homer St Vancouver, B. C
Soadsy anrioaa. 11 u. ud 7.M am.
Sond.y    school    iouotdlsttly   ioU.wtaa
Botolof unto..    W.doudsy uatiwaUl
uS_  »'. J"**!,,*1**   n*lt**   —+
I0I-.OI   Birt.   Bids.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funeral, ot Dignity at Ms
Falrvlew: Office and Ohap.U
2118 Oranvlll. Stmt
Phon. Bay 8100.
North Vancouvor: Offlo. aad
Chapal, 121 Sixth St. W.
Phon. N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:  Offloe aad
Chapal, till Main St
Phon. Fairmont II.
IS Hastings St. B.
Fstroaii. ThoH Who Patnals. Toil
Th* telephono buiineu If now (tiling tho effect of th* stoppage of Industry during th* wtr. Equipment hM
bean hird to got, with th* remit lhat
•11 orer th* oountry applications for
telephones cannot ba filled. Ia British Colombia, howover, thar* Is prat-
tlcslly no wniting list. Th* girl al
Central Is doing hor vary best t« help
ont ln a difficult situation, and Oal
her efforts ara appreciated la shewn
by th* thoughtful consideration
whloh ls balng accorded hor.
M.F. EBY,B.A..M.E.
8iredi.li M.ii.f.. Rsdisnt'HMt Md
El.ctrlcsl Tr.stm.nU of sll hladt.
Phtat Bay I770L.  Bonn IHIUI
Tak. BsM Lln. Oal
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Extension University
(Homo Study) offers you the
chnnce you need for complete
training In Traffic Management,
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship and other Special course*
that mean Higher Salaries.
Either sex. Any age. Convenient terms. Write or call for literature. District ofllce:
Phone Sey. 176» 1 FRIDAY November 26,
twBLPTH year. no. 48    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEIiEMHONIST       Vancouver, b. a
Begins Saturday
This ad. is not as noisy as electioneering, but
means more to you from a saving standpoint
500 pairs ol Ladies' Brown and Black
Oxfords, at  . 	
40 pairs  of Ladies'  Black  Calf Boots,
at ........ : ;	
Brown Chrome, Double Sole; a Men's Work
Shoe of merit, at	
Men's Black Chrome Work Shoes, all sizes,
st ,....„	
Men's Brown, recede toe; a solid leather
. Dress Shoe, at	
Youths' Shoes,  sizes 11 to 2;  Stitchdown
soles, solid leathei>at....	
Boys' Lace and Button   Shoes;   all  solid
leather; 1 to 5 1-2; at	
Misses Shoes; sizes 11 to 2; Korker, Eclipse
and Classic make; at 	
I would like to have the opportunity to show yon what
beneficial results I can giro yon. Oome in and talk it over.
Bring your shoes with you.  Hare them repaired wfiile
you are downtown,
to Capt. F. C. Brown, Sopt of S.S.B.
Re the Establishment of Returned Men on Land in B.G
To Check Rent
Vote for
Nominated by Rent Payers'
Start Right:
Hla Name Is First on the Ballot!
Sicnco arbitration Is tha method
used ln New South Wales, Australia, to fix the wages of the workers,
the   Labor   Oovernment of   that
t country has referred to the courts
for decision on the question wheth-
1 er their   salaries   shall be raised
from 12500 to. 13860 per year or
hot    The Labor premier says he
| sees no reason why Judges should
| not fix the wagea of politicians as
I well as ordinary workers.
Vienna.—Pour thousand workers
of the Roumanian State Railways
ln Moddavla (Roumanian province), among them 1600 railway-
men trom the Town of Jassy, have,
In a compact mass; left their National (chauvinist) Union and
have, with all their committees,
funds and documents, entered the
Socialist Rallwaymen's Union.
We patronise those who patronize us.
(By J. B. Ar'mishaw, J. P., Sayward, V. I.)
IN A VERY lengthy article which
appeared in the Vancouver
Sunday Sun of Nov. 7th, Capt
Brown, in a very glowing account,
tried to bolster up the work of the
S. S, B. and ln support of his arguments, quotes at some length a
series of figures. The captain has
my sympathy in his endeavor to
make the best he oan out of what
I know to be a vety bad case. Now
I desire to analyze the captain's
statements In detail.
The flrst statement he makes Is
that he expects that there, will be
15,000 aoress of land brought un
der cultivation In British Columbia through the efforts of the soldier settlers, under the bourd, dur
Ing the next five years, and the
captain stated that he based this
statement on the figures showng
ithe work accomplished by the soldier settlers from the time of their
establishment in 1910 up to the end
of October, 1920.
Now, let us see what the captain
says the soldier1 settlers accomplish-
llshed in this period. He states
that they cleared and brought into
cultivation approximately 6000
acres, or to be correct, 4886 acres,
and further states that this land,
which the soldier settlers cleared,
ineluded logged-off lands and timber lands, and explained that land
clearing in British Columbia waB a
very difficult problem, and that this
accomplishment of the soldier settlers was remarkable. And so say
I, and I say more than that—that I
think I can prove that It is practically a physical imposibsility. The
captain states.that there are 1260
settlers on the land, under the
board, and 4885 acres works out at
approximately four acres of land
cleared by each settler in considerably less than one year. Now,
knowing that a great many settlers
have not cleared any land during
their settlement under the board,
in this case the average for each
settler would be greatly increased,
and aB a farmer, I say that the
figures quoted by Captain Brown
are not correct, notwithstanding his
Now, the captain expects that
15,000 acres of land will be
brought under cultivation during
the next five years by settlers under the board. By this statement
the captain muat be losing faith ln
this brilliant scheme, for which approximately 5000 acres brought under cultivation during the flrst year,
one would naturally expect an improvement as the scheme advanced, and the settlera became accustomed to their work. If the record
quoted by Capt Brown tot the flrst
year was maintained, there should
be 24,426 acres brought under
cultivation during the next five
years. .
> Now let us deal with the amount
of land the S. S. B. has purchased.
in British Columbia, again quoting
Capt. Brown's figures, which are
61,171 acres, of which he says
only 16,614 ore in cultivation. This
leaves 44,467 acres still to be-clear-
ed up. Now, the captain expects
15,000 wlU be brought into oulti
vatlon by the end of Ave years.
This will still leave 29,467 acres
held out of cultivation by the board
on which the soldier settler Is paying taxes and Interest, and at the
present time there are thousands
of men who cannot get a bit of
land in this Province, which I Intend to prove by Capt. Brown's
Quoting again from Captain
Brown's figures, the Vancouver offlce has qualified 8894 settlers,
but out of this 3894, the board has
actually on* the land today 1260,
which leaves 2644 returned soldier
settlers still looking tot land, and
at this point I should like to ask
Capt Browii if this condition exists, if this proves, as he statei, the
merits of this scheme. The captain
states that the scheme Is only In
Its infancy, and that marvellous
results have been produced. ]
should like 'to ask who would venture to state what It will cost the
taxpayers of thla country lf this expensive Infant be allowed to develop into a full grown adult under
Unheard of Values at
Our Big Managers' Sale
These days of many sales it wiU pay you to "shop" around and investigate values shown in different shops.
Those who take the trouble to investigate naturally buy from us.
We went over the top on Saturday because we have no "drek" merchandise purchased especially for a sale—nothing but our regular
stock of high-grade suits and overcoats tailored in our own factory.
Special for this week's selling—
400 Suits and Overcoats.    Values to
$65.00. Manager's Salo Prioe
180 Tweod Raincoats.   Values from
$20.00 to $35.00. Manager's Salo Prioos
$37.75        $12.50 to $29.50
Robinson's Clothes Limited
the present Incompetent and wasteful administration.
The captain states that values
have been enhanced through the
efforts of the soldier settlement
and tha present value ls $126 per
acre, and further states that the
average pries paid by the board
for land in British Columbia has
been $26 per1 acre. Here again we
see the captain floundering around,
knowing not whereof he speaks,
and I should like to ask him how
many acres of improved lands the
board has purchased ln the Vancouver area for $126 per acre for
the soldier settlersT Is lt not
fact that ln many cases they paid
over $100 per acre for land which
was not productive, and ia it not a
fact that one of the oldest farmers
in the Fraser Valley, who was one
of the flrst land Inspectors appointed under the board, sent the
following telegram to the head office of the Soldiers Settlement
Board at Ottawa, under date of
June 11, 1020;
"Advise Investigation of land
sales per Brown & Co., otherwise
Minnie Brown, per Soldiers Settlement Board, to soldiers In the
Richmond municipality." And ls lt
not a fact that this same inspector
was dismissed by Capt. Brown four1
days later, after the above telegram
was sent?
Now, let me deal with the captain's statement that the average
price of land purchased by the
board in the Vancouver area, was
$25 per acre. Again I quote Capt
Brown's figures—61,171 acres of
land; multiply this by 26, and you
have $1,539,276, which, according
to Capt. Brown's statement, represents the total amount spent by
the board for land. I challenge
this statement, and say It is not
correct, as Is proven by the report
as Issued by C. W. Cavers, dier'ctor
of information for the 8. S, B. of
Canada, which statement shows
that more than three times the
amount as quoted by Capt Brown
has been spent for land in British
Quoting Capt Brown again. He
states that the Vancouver offlce
has passed 2000 loans, and had actually established 1SO0 settlers on
the land in Vancouver area, up to
last March, and the captain states
further that today there are approximately only 1250 settlers now
located on the lands In* this area,
so we now see by the captain's own
figures that there are today 550
less settlers on the land In the
Vancouver area than thero were ln
March last. 'This proves to my
mind that the Vancouver office has
accomplished nothing since last
March, and that 650 settlers have
left the land In thetr area. So
much for this brilliant scheme.
On tha question as TO" the cost to
the taxpayers of Canada to locate
each settler, Capt. Brown states
that this is rather difficult to calculate. ThlB, I have no doubt, Is
the case under the present system
of administration, but I notice that
the captain, like the .parrot which
Repeats what its master teaches It,
repeats what Premier Meighen stated when he (the premier)
replied to the questions submitted
to him during his recent visit to
Vancouver—that it cost from $100
to $150 to locate a settler on the
land. This Is absolutely incorrect,
as $1000 will be found nearer the
correct flgure. I ask what will it
oost the taxpayers per settler by
the time that the whole amount of
the settlers' loans have been repaid?
I say that Capt. Brown Is floundering around in the quagmire, and
Trfud of tho Sold tor's* Settlement
Board, and that the more the captain struggles, the deeper he will
get in, and If he will only keep
struggling a shore time longor, he
will disappear from vinw, ns many
other officials of the Soldier Settlement Board have done, after being made the goat for the S. S. B,
Surely the last statement of Capt.
Brown should prj>ve our statement
—that the Soldiers Settlement
Board is proving an expensive and
gigantic failure, and that today
they are accomplishing nothing excepting the wasting of the monies
of the taxpayers of Canada.
Largest Men'e Store in the Weet
Drugless Healers Asking
for Freedom to
The drugless healers of the city
are seeking to secure legislation to
proteot them. The following Is a
draft of a bill which they are desirous of having placed on the statute books;
His Majesty, by and with the
advice and consent of the Legisla
tive Assembly of the Province of
Britlah Columbia, enacts as follows:
"The free exercise and enjoyment of the profession and practice of the healing art, without discrimination, shall forever be guaranteed; provided that all persons
practising the healing art shall be
graduates of some chartered college, university, Institution* or
school, and no person shall be denied any civil or political right,
privilege or capaolty, on account of
his convictions with reference to
tho healing of the body; but liberty of conscience hereby secured
shall not be construed to dispense
with sanitation, ln the sense of
cleanliness, or hygiene, or Justify
practices inconsistent with the
peace and safety of the state, nor
ahall any preference be given to
any school or system of healing,
notwithstanding any statute now In
force In the Province of British
A petition ls being circulated for
signatures, copies of which can be
had at the Downle Sanitarium, or
from Dr. Burrlll, Tunetall block.
Unless President Hanna, of the
Canadian National Railways, backs
down on his order prohibiting employees of the C. N. R. from contesting Provincial or Federal government seats, there is likely to be
a tie-up of the railways,
Wm. Dick
--Brings Back Pre-War Prices
S,Wb $10.00
f— $12.50
S*"18 $15.00
""* $1750
S"* $2250
r»i„ $25.00
a"* $30.00-
•»«« $3500
$40 Suits
$80 Suits
The Greatest Clothing Sale in the West
Since Pre-War Days
Wm. Dick, Limited
45-47-49 Hastings St. East
Do you notice how the Liberal
ina Conservatives avoid tackling
tie-unemployed question. There's
i .reason. The Conservatives could
iot;cope with it during their regime, and the Liberals can not
The New South Wales Labor
Government is holding an Inquiry
Into the question of granting a 44-
hour working week for the workers, and whether it should be made
universal. It ts expected that the
shorter working week—that Is 44
hours, as against 48 formerly—will
be granted.
Talking about confiscation, what
other steps should be taken to get
possession of the 2000 square miles
of anthracite coal lands ln the
Ground Hog district ot British Co.
lumbla, which the Conservative
government gave yean ago to a
bunch of exploiters. This field will
have an estimated yield of thirty
million tons per mile, but the coal
Is not being produced. It is being
turned over and over again to company promoters. The government
expects to get $10 an aore for it
Put a one-cent stamp ob this
paper and mall It to a friend.
When all is said
and done—
When the last impassioned words of oratory
flung from the rostrum have ceased to echo
from the walls of meeting-house and hall—when
all criticism of the present Liberal administration has been made—when all promises of the
opposition candidates have been solemnly
You cannot overcome
nor deny the solid fact
British Columbia four years of the safest, sanest,
most efficient business administration the
Province has ever had.
It will be in your
best interests to vote
for all Liberal Candidates
on December 1st PAGE SIX
twelfth year,  no. 48   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAY— November 29,  192
The [MI. Loggers' Boot
Kill etiut personally ltt.nd.il lo
Guaranteed to Hold Caulk) and Ate Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phoae Seymour 656 Repairs Done While Von Welt
The Marxian Law of Value
Then Make Sure of Real Representation at
Victoria in the Next Government
By Voting
V. V. Vinson
Independents are
Useless Ornaments
Registered in the Atlin Constituency
Tbe Candidate of the Metalliferous Miners Industrial
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildant, J. M. Cl.rVe;
fiee-pmldent, R. W. H.tley; secretary
3 0. Smith; treasurer, A. S. WelU;
Mrf.int-.t-.rms, E. Home; trustees,
Cur, V.nrulri.n, Sicverwright and Mldgley. Meets 3rd Wodnesday each month
ln the Pender Hall, corner of Pender .nd
Bows atreeu.  Phone Ser. 391.	
eil—MeeU    second   Monday    la    th.
-■onth.    President, J. I. McConnell: see-
tetsty, R. H. K«»l»nds, V. 0. Bex ««.
Lumber Industry (camp snd mill)
neet with fellow workers In that Industry. Organise Into the Lumber, Camp A
Agricultural Workera Dept. ot the 0. B.
U. Headquarters, 61 Cordora atreet west,
Tsnwurer.   Phone Sey. 7966.
Saves labor. The Coupons
with each package m •
value in themselves.
0. 8. U—Preaident, R. W. Hatley;
seeretary, J. O. Smith. Meeta let Wedneaday In each month lu Pander Hall,
sor. ot Pender ud Howl .treats. Phone
Sey.  Ml
ployees, Local SJ—Meets erery second
Watawdiy In th. month it 3:80 p.m.
aad .tery fonrth Wodnesdsy In the month
•t l:(0 yMt. Pnsldent, John Cummlngs,
SNrst.-ry and business agsnt, A. Oraham.
0>M sad muting hill, Ml Seymour St.
V. Phone Bey. Wl. OlM houra. •
to 6 p.
A.i.rlatlon, Loeal II JJ—Oflee ud
sell, Ul Oordin St. W. Milts Irst
ud third Mdsys, i p.m. SstnUry
tnanrsr, f. Chapman; ba.in.as agtnt,
B. Richards.
UttffilNA'l'ldNAi, JEWKLRT WORK-
en' Union—kieU lid ud dth Fridays, lot Labor Templi. Pr.jU.it, W.
Wflm, 1389 Orinrlll. Street; alcritary,
I. T. Kelly, UBO Haatinga St. B.; M-
wrdlng-iecretiry, L. Holdsworth, 8IS—
llth St. W., North Vincnuter.
WORKERS Dipt, ef thi 0. B. U.—
Aa Indistrlil union of ill workera la logging ud ooaatruotlon campa. Coast Dls-
trl.t ud Oiairal Hsadouarieii, dl Cordora St. W., Vmeourer. B. 0. Phone Sey.
Hid. I. Wlaeh, generil ucritary-
tnannr; lagal idrlaera, Messrs. Bird,
Hiediaild * Co., Vineourer. B. Oj andl-
tan, Maun, Batlir * Ohlenl, Vmeou-
Tir, B. 0.
BHiiil to—SSI a oilers unit of
thl 0. B. U. m..t ln their onion haU
at Roomi I ud d Empire Houl, Td Hlat-
lafi Beat, nst sad third Wednisdw ln
lhi month. Preeldent V. Owena: rice-
pntldeit, D. OtrHa: aecretirr. larl King.
Sul Bar. MM.
Lumbar Utility, organls. Into the
li., 0. A A. W. Dept. of th. 0. B. U.
WUwerkolf, Bnnchea meet aa followa:
Tuoour.r—Lambtr Workere' heldquir-
tiis, dl Oordor. St. W. Every Mondiy
ltw VlitmlalUr—Ubor Hsll, eor. Royal
At: aad 1th Si Ind md dth Wednesday! at I p.m.
haiar MUli—Old Morlng Picture Thea-
Iti, MilUirdrllle. Ind ud dth Thuraday, I pal-
Part  Miody—Onnge Hill,  —i Friday,
inry saoata, at I p.m.	
in' Ualt ol thi Oae Big Cnlon, Metal-
Sliroai Miaers—Vueourer, B. 0, held-
(aartera, 11 Cordon Strut Weit. All
wirkiri iBglfid la thli Indnatry an
aiged to lola Ui Union befon going ea
thi lib. Don't wait to hi orgutud, bat
irglnlae yonraelf.
PATTERN     MAKERS'      LEAGUE     0?
Morth Amirica (Vineoirer ud rieln-
Ity)—Brush meete aecond ud foarth
Mondaya, Room 304 Labor Temple, Pml-
kat, Wm. Hunter, 111 Tenth Are. Morth
flnconrer: Inanelal aeeretary, E. Ood-
test, IM Richirda Street; recording iee-
ntiry, J. D. Russell, 131 Commercial
Drlt.V  Phoao High. MOM.	
•a Bridgemen, Derrlckmen and Riggers
It Vancourer and vicinity. Meeta every
Monday, 8 p.m., in 0. B. U. Hall. 804
Pander Bt. W. President, T. L. Hewitt.
Ininclil aeeretary and buslneai agent, E.
Home.  Phone, Beymour 3P1
ire—Yon need tbe Camp Workera of
Cur Industry.  They need you.   Orglnlsi
gether In tbe 0. B. U. Indntsrlil Unit
,t rear oecupltlon.   Delegates on evory
tab, ar write the District Headquarters,
1 Cordova Bt. W., Vancouver. Entrance
fli, $1.00; monthly dues, fl.00.
Paitenera I.L.A. Locll Union 88A,
■Mill 5—Mails lhi Snd ind dth Fridays
If thi month, Libor Timple, I p.m.
Presld.it, William Maylor; Inanclal s«-
ntiry ud buslnesi •feat, M. Phelpa;
•orrespondlng uentlry, W. Lti. OAu
Room 107 Labir Timpli.
Meeta lut Snnday af neb month at
I p.m. Preildeot, A. E. Robb; vlce-
pruldent, 0. H. Collier; seeretsry-treu-
arer,  X, H.  Neeliads.  Boy dl.
t—_t   iND   tUsCTRIC   RAILWAY
Employeea,  Pioneer Division, No.  101
10.18 a.m. aad /
—Mull A. 0. P. Hill, Mount Pleliant
Ut lad Srd Monday, it 10.18
IM. rrwld.it, R. Rigby;
Hintary, ». I. Orlin, 4JT—6tb Anna
lull Maaanr. f. Bldawayl Inanelal
sanitary aad baalnesa ig.nt, W. H. Cot-
•fell, 4101 Dumfrlea Street: offlce comer
Mai ud Mala Its. Phui Mr. MOdR.
Ladies! Here Is
the Secret of
True Beauty
TET WOMEN rullga that Mint and
" powdor oinnot tilts ths plact of
hultby onrans thst function properly
•very day. Ths bills of good health Is
regular dslly elimination. Thea tha
bud Is clear, tba skin rosy, tke ayis
When yon tes! constipated dont try
ta bide It wilh wtlh cosmstics bnt tske
Syrnp Pspsln, lt Is a comblnstlon o!
almplalarallve herbs with pepsin, and
tba formula ls on ths packags, Unlike
ult wstsn, tablets sad pllla, Dr. Cild-
ud mildly. Ills sals for bibles. AaUty-
eent bottle will list months, and all In
tbl family can use it.
I'you would like to Bit Dr. C—t-
—Ws Laxative Sjtu|> Pcpiln free of
enatie before huyint It In the regular
tuny ef your dmgfiit, tend your name
mi addreis to Dr. W. B. CaUu—,
If, Front St., Bridjebtirg; Ont, and
a /rt« trial bottle will be tent yat
pnmptly, postpaid.
Veterans of the Great War
We wtll dye your grant coat bottle green, brown or black, take
oft shoulder straps, put on new
buttons nnd make It look Ilka a
clvy coat, all tor $6,50.
Mall Ordera Promptly Attended
7 Little Tailors
336 Carrall Street
Electric Laundry
No OhomlcalH Used
Provincial Unions
Ud Lftbor Counoll—Meet! Sfft snd
(bird Wednridiyi, KnlfkU of PrthJaa
Hall, North Park Stntt, at I p.m. Pr«l-
dent, A. 0. Pike; vice-preiident, 0. I,
Copnlund; aeoretary*. eaiurar, E. 8.
Woodward, P. 0. Bin 102, Victoria, B.C.
COUNOIL, 0. fl. U.—Meuti every Tueaday in tha Melatyre Hall at t p.m. Meetinga open to all 0. B. U. numbers. Seoretary-treaiurer, N. Booth »«.* <UT
Prince Rnpert,  B. ii.
TO understand anything, and
particularly economics, we
muat view things in their
movement. We muBt realize that
evolution takes place in society as
well aa elsewhere, and the reason
the Marxian critics do not understand Marx is because they fall to
view things thus.
For the defender of capitalism It
becomse necessary to deny the validity of the law of value, for once
admitting the correctness of the
law, It would also be necessary to
admit* that capitalism ls merely a
passing phase in the march of civilization. The absurdity of maintaining that capitalism ls a permanent institution cannot be better
illustrated than ln showing how
some people maintain that view of
In the year 1859, one prior to
the election of President Lincoln, a
lawyer from the south, O'Connor,
spoke In New York City as follows:
"Now gentlemen," he said amid
great applause, "nature itself has
assigned this condition of servitude
to the negro. He has the strength
and Is flt to work; but nature,
which gave him the strength,
nied him both the Intelligence to
rule and the will to work. Both
are denied him! And the same nature, which denies him the will to
work, gave him a master, who
should enforce this will, and make
a useful servant of him In a climate in to which he is well adapted, for his own beneflt, and that
of the master who rules him.
assert that it Is no injustice to
leave the negro in the position Into
which nature placed him; to put
a master over him; and he is not
robbed of any right, lf he is com
pelled to labor In return for this,
and to supply a Just compensation
for his master in return for the
labor and the talents devoted to
ruling him and to make him useful
to himself and to society."
The same ideas that were expressed ln that speech dominate
the critics of Marx. They cannot
escape them. The wage laborer,
like the slave, muat have a master.
Thus,' having a master, it ls not
only fair, but quite proper, to compel the wage laborer to produce
his own wages, and also the wages
of superintendence, a compensation
for the labor ruling and superintending him, "a just compensation
for his master ln return for the
labor and talents devoted to ruling
him and to making him useful to
himself and to society." To hold
on to these views, and to seek for
the permanency of capitalism,
they must invent some way of
showing that profits do not come
from surplus values created by the
laborers, because, forsooth, if thc
Idea should ever dawn upon the
laborers how this is accomplished,
capitalism would not last much
Let us now proceed to an analysis of the law of value. Our friend,
the capitalist, ln order to do any
business at all, must furnish the
tools, machinery, building, materials, etc., for the laborers to work
with. Assuming that he has a total
capital of 100 cash, we will assume
that he uses 80 of lt with which to
purchase the tools, machinery, materials, ete. After he has accomplished this feat, exchanged his 80
cash for 80 worth of materials,
toola, machinery, etc., he has not
yet made any profit; he has not yet
made any progress in the production of surplus values. Instead of
his 80 cash, he has 80 in materials,
tools, etc. He is no poorer or
richer than he was before. All he
has done is to exchange his 80 cash
for 80 in materials, tools, etc. He
is quick to perceive that something
else remains to be done before he
Ib enabled to get any profits out of
his enterprise. So he takes his
other 20 and invests It ln purchasing labor power. In other
words, he takes 20 of his capital
with which to pay wages to the
laborers whom he has hired. What
has occurred now? He has set his
laborers to work his machinery and
turn his material Into commodities
which he can sell. As soon as the
laborers have finished their work,
the wealth of our young capitalist
has Increased, that is, he now has
more wealth than he had before
the process of manufacture began.
The laborers he has hired to work
have produced wealth ln excess of
what they received as wages. If
the laborers have produced twice
as much wealth as they received as
wages, they have produced a total
wealth of 40, 20 of which the laborers received as wages, and 20
which Mr. Capitalist pockets for his
troubles. To make lt a little more
simple, we will now use the Marxian formula. That portion of
wealth which the capitalist Invested
ln machinery, tools, materials, etc.,
Marx designates as the "constant"
portion, and that Invested In purchasing labor power he designates
as the "variable" portion. We then
have the following:
IOC plus 20V equals 100,
After the laborers have performed
their function ln this transaction
we have
SOC plus 20V plus 208 equals 120.
A total wealth of 120.
This was very simple. Where
before the process of laboring, our
budding capitalist had a total
wealth of 100, after the process of
working, he finds himself in possession of total wealth of 120. Now
you don't have to be very bright,
or be blessed with an over-abundance of Intelligence to discover
where that additional 20 of wealth
came from. It came from tbat
portion of the wealth invested by
the capitalist ln the variable portion and not until Mr. Boehm-
Bawerk, or Mr. Mallock, or Mr.
Masyrick, or Mr. Skelton show ua
that the additional wealth of 20
come from the constant portion of
his total Invested capital, will we
discard the Marxian law of valuo.
If we desire to stick to the facts in
tho case, we are necessarily driven
to the conclusion that the surplus
came from one portion alone, and
not from the other. The peculiar
feature about all criticism of the
law of value Is that the critics do
not criticize this formula of Marx;
they have no objection to offer to lt
at all, but somehow or other, they
do not know exactly how, the profits arise from aomethlng entirely
different, and again ln our desire
to learn where theBe profits do
come from, the writings of these
various men fall to give us anything definite,
To bo sure of our ground we will
look at this again. The SO cash exchanged for machinery, tools, materials, etc., has produced no additional wealth. He has merely exchanged 80 cash for 80 of  tools,
machinery, materials, etc. But the
moment he Invests the 20 hi purchasing labor power additional
wealth la produced. After the'pro-
cess of laboring fs finished1 we
80C plus 20V plus 20S equals 120
Exploitation 100 per cent.;' proflt
on total Investment 20 per cent.
From the above you can 'draw
many conclusions by making a further analysis. If the capitalist
should be able to exploit the laborers only 60 per cent. Instead of 100
per cent, we would then have
80C plus 20V plus 10S equals 110.
Exploitation 50 per cent.; proflt on
total Investment 10 per cent. On
the other hand lf the exploitation
should be 200 per cent, we would
then have
SOC plus 20V plus 40S equals 140.
Exploitation 200 per cent.; profit
on total investment 40 per cent.
This analysis explains the cry of
the capitalist for efficiency and
greater production, because the
greater the production, the greater the surplus, and the greater the
surplus the greater the profit. It
does not necessarily mean that the
greater the proflt, the more for the
worker; in fact, it usually means
the reverse. It must be understood,
however, that the greater the surplus and the greater the profit, the
more for the worker; in fact, lt
usually means the reverse. It
must be understood, however, that
the greater the production the
more capital will be needed for the
constant portion, because the greater the production the more material will be consumed, but this
will represent only a small portion
of the whole Invested ln constant.
Going a little further Into this,
we run across another peculiarity,
which becomes apparent at once,
and that Is that the greater the
proportion of variable to constant,
the greater the surplus. For instance, If a manufacturer exploits
his laborers 100 per cent, we have
80C plus 20V plus 20S equals 120.
But if he is able without investing
any more In constant, but increases
his variable to twice the former
amount, then we have
80C plug 40V plus 40S equals 100.
Exploitation 100 per cent.; profit on
total.Investment of 120, 33 -3 per
Here we notice that if Mr. Capitalist has been enabled to increase
his profits, and after he has discovered this, there ls of course nothing
to prevent him from putting on
three shifts, increasing the amount
of the variable again, and reaping
some more profits. The fact that
tt ls demoralizing to work .frit' all
hours of the night, does not deter
him at all, in fact, in the course of
time, to meet the growing competition he is forced by the process to
do this, as Marx predicted he would
do. Our capitalistic friend Is
forced to do this by the very nature
of the ugly thing, and though he
would like to do otherwise, He cannot help himself. lv*ri
Drifting Into the analysis'a little
further, another peculiarity comes
to the surface. To illustrate, we
will again use the Marxian formula,
because lt Is so simple, and'- yet so
confounding to the critics. 9-
80C plus 20V plus 20S equals 120.
Exploitation 100 per cent.;' proflt
on total investment of 100 20 per
cent., but supposing our friend, the
capitalist, goes into some other line
of business where the composition
of his capital would be different,
GOO plus 40V plus 40S equals 140.
the exploitation would still be 100
per cent,, but the profits would be
40 per cent.
An increase of 100 per cent. In
the profits, without an increase in
the exploitation. From this lt
would appear that the capitalist
who invests in a venture where the
proportion of the variable to thc
constant Is high, pockets more profits than the capitalist who has invested ln an enterprise where the
reverse obtains. If the Marxian
law of value ls correct, then this
must be true. But the thing ls a
bit more complicated than that.
There Is such a thing in capitalist
society known as the average rate
of profit, and In actual affairs of
business It really makes no difference ln what enterprise Mr. Capitalist sticks his money, the returns
are practically the same. Let us
assume that the total of the constant passes Into the finished product. Then in the first Instance we
would have
80C plus 20V plus 20S equals 120
total value.
In the second Instance we would
SOC plus 40V plus 408 equals 140.
total value.
In the flrst Instance the total value
would be 120, in the second 140.
If the commodities exchange at
their value, it would seem that
there could not be an equal rate
of proflt; and If there really Ib an
equal rate of proflt, then commodities cannot exchange at their value.
This Ib quite plain.
Here Is the point where the
Marx critics wax jubilant. But
when we apply the analysis a little
further, their Jubilation Is short
lived. There ls an equal rate of
proflt, and commodities do exchange at their value, and the
analysis will also show hew ) the
equal rate of profit Is brought
about, something which the critics
could not do, and have not been
able to explain as yet The apparent contradiction Is solved not
In contravention of the law of
value, but by virtue and bedaude of
it. In the next installment we shall
delve into this mystery.—The Proletarian,
In connection with the 'recent
trouble between the Pipe ^Fitters
and Machinist unions, Del. Welsh
stated at the last meeting of the
International Tradea Council meeting that the Machinist local hud
rescinded all Us previous motions
in connection with allowing Ub
membership to take the places of
the striking pipe fitters, and that It
had instructed Its members to
come off the jobs. This, however,
has not had the effect of getting the
strikebreakers off the Job, so the
union will either have to expel the
members or the International will
have to expel the members, and
suspend the local. It was also
pointed out that members of the
Machinist Union who had refused
to take tho places of the strikers,
and who had been engaged ln other
work for the Coughlan shipbuilding
firm, had bsen flred.
The people who keep old party
politics alive ore, unlike those who
do the voting, interested onlv In
the party of the flrst par*
Australian Government Is
Allowing Profiteers to
Work Unchecked
In order to meet Increased wages
In the coal mining Industry In Australia, the Australian Commonwealth government—anti-Labor—
has allowed the coal barons of that
country to increase the selling
price of coal by 96 cents per ton.
That this Increase is wholly un-
waranted will be seen by the following survey of the coal Industry
during the last four year's.
In 1918, following a general tie-
up of the coal industry In Australia, a coal tribunal was appointed
by the Commonwealth government,
and as a result the miners received
Increased wages amounting in the
aggregate to around 11,950,000 per
annum. In order to meet this increased wage bill, the coal barons
were allowed to Increase the selling
price of coat by 72 cents per ton—
that Is, from 12.88 to 13.60 per ton.
This turned In the coal barons an
increased aggregate revenue of just
on $7,000,000. That Is to say, over
and above the increased wages paid
to operatives In the Industry, the
coal barons were standing on -increased profits to the tune of at
least 15,000,000 per annum. Inci
dentally it will be seen that the
coal barons could have paid the increased wages by only Increasing
the selling price by 25 cents per
ton, and even at this they would
have netted a substantial proflt
over and above Increased costs.
But that did not suit the coal barons, and a willing government was
prepared to give them what they
In 1917, there was further trouble In the coal industry tn Australia, and. as a result, further Increased wages were paid to the
miners. To meet this, the anti-Labor government authorized a further Increase in the selling price of
coal of 66 cents per ton—from
$3.60 to $4.26. As the actual wages
paid to the workers figured out at
between 36 and 42 cents per ton,
the coal barons secured additional
loot to the tune of at least 25 cents
per ton, which on the aggregate
output of the mines, was equal to
another rake-off of at least $2,
500,000 per annum.
Thus as a result of two Increases
in the selling price, the coal barons
not only paid the Increased cost of
production, but faked off $7,500,-
000 per annum for' themselves.
During the flrst week of October,
a third coal tribunal awarded the
operatives In the industry a 17 per
cent, increase In wages. On the
then selling price of coal this represented an increased selling price
of 72 cents per ton. But as the
coal barons were standing to the
good to the extent of 72 cents per
ton of coal drawn to the surface
as a result of the 1916 and 1917
settlements—48 cents on the 1916
tribunal, and 24 cents on the 1917
tribunal—It ls plain that they could
have paid this further y per cent.
For th*
on Uw
come here! W« have an unrivaled Block ot splendid
quality. Bed,, beddlnf, carpet,, stoves, range, and heaters; hall, dlnlnf room, living
room and kitchen furniture
In greatest assortment at
such low prices that no one
can compute with us.
Opposite City Hall
The Knack of Dancing
Corner Howe and Pender
will   give   Instruction  In all
styles of ballroom dancing.
Beginners'  and  finishing
classes forming Immediately,
We will correct any defects
In your style of dancing.
Phone after 2 o'clock Sey. 291
for appointment
Unemployment Situation
in Hungary Increasing
(By Ernest Dorsy)
(Vienna Staff Correspondent for
the Federated Press),
Vienna.—In Hungary unemployment is increasing in a frightful
manner. "Nopszave," the only
Budapest labor dally, maimed
more than any other1 Hungarian
newspaper by dictator Horthy's
censor, publishes the following statistics, which are more conservative than facts would allow:
Working In Working at
Trade Normal timeB Present
Householding 30,000
Metal  42,000
Textiles   6,900
Mills     6,800
Baking  1,500
Graphics   7,000
93,250 36,100
The apparently better conditions
in the metal trade are due to Horthy's preparing for war. Ammunition and similar factories, support
ed by the Entente, are working at
full speed. The state ts doing no
thing to provide work for the un
increase in wages without increasing the selling price of coal to the
people of Australia by a single cent,
But that did not suit the coal
barons of Australia—neither did
it fit in with the wishes of the
anti-Labor Commonwealth govern-
ment of that country, go the government allowed the coal barons to
increase the selling price of coat
by a further 96 cents per ton, which
not only enabled the coal barons to
pay the increased wages of the miners of 72 cents per ton, but gave
them a bankbook comforter to the
extent of 24 cents per ton for
Thus, as a result of three wage
Increases to the miners of Australia, not only was the price of coal
increased to cover the cost of the
wage Increases, but an extra $10,-
000,000 per annum was dug out of
the pockets of the people of Australia, as a consolation flgure for
the coal barous.
Which goes to show that the coal
Big Sweeping Reductions in All Departments.
25 Fer Cent. Seductions on All Hen's Suits, Overcoats,
Baincoats, Trousers, Underwear, Sweaters, eto. -Speeial
Lines Out in Half.
Boys' Department Similar Reductions
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
Political Meetings in the Interests of
BELVEDERE HALL, Oorner 10th Ave. and Main St,
FRIDAT, 26th, at 8 p.m.
barons of Australia, liko their profiteering fellow workers in other
parts of the world, aro pretty wide
awake to the business of sharing
profits for themselves. Likewise it
il demonstrated that in Australia,
as in other' countries, there is a
big business government that is
iver willing to let the capitalists
get thoir "cut" of the good things
while the going is good.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
The State flsh shops, establiil
by the Labor Governmont of N
South Wales, are seilmj flsh
the people of that statj. In I
many shops ln the -Ity ot Sydn
flsh ls sold down us low as 4 ce
per pound from tho State-owe
trawlers. Despite the cheap prlc
the profit made for the month
August laat was |8500. La
months show even greator prof'
Where Ib your Union button?
*We muh-iooghi
"It elected I will return to the conditions of 1916"
Bowser at Dominion H:
..November M, 1980
It Pays
to Be
Well Dressed
and you may easily be so by our
credit system—select the garment you desire, pay only a
•mall deposit and the balance
on very easy terms.
Week-end Special
Snappy models ln desired colors.
Reg. to MS (COO Kt.
special  -. .<P£S7eOU
Terms 16 down, f'i a week.
AU wool    material ln sensible
atyles and models, Reg. #OC
|50, special, now  $«jO
Terms }5 down, $2 a week.
Hept .i\£j at-Jejtr
'•tnr      v        pwneacraaaa.
«nd politicians, halls to lecture IB,
Htain, with millions of adherents,
lions of dollars in funds, achool*
An Appeal for tbe Library,
Fellow Workers: Being asked by
tbe Oeneral Worker's Unit, O. B.
V., Vancouver, to take charge of
the literature, at the same time set
a collection of standard works together In order to form a library
for' educational purposes, I wish to
make an appeal to all who may be
At present the avenues of education along scientific and historical lines, that are of any benefit to
the rank and flle of the working
class, are few and far between.
Knowing this, I will ask all those,
who are In the position to forward
at once to Pender HaU, 804 Pender
street west, any volume of the standard works on economics, history,
sociology or any work of a scientific nature that will help in the development of proletarian knowledge.   The need Is urgent In these
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ono jear'a snbierlptloa to Tto
B. a Pederatlonl.t, will bt moiled to
•ny •ddr.i. la Canada for 123.60
(Oood anywhoro onUide of VonconT.r
olty.) Order ten today. Rowlt wh.aa.HL
Best Quality—Right Prloes
22S Carroll Street.
 Sey. 12110      	
tlmei or world unrest, to understand the underlying causes la of
great moment to the working class,
the only useful claaa In society.
We have got the hall fixed dp
with new floor and the conditions!
are fairly comfortable for members and their friends to spend any
spare time they may have, while
down town, or ln from the camps,
during the winter. The only thing
lacking Is a library of snch a nature that will Impart to the, .workers knowledge of their claw position iii society, leading up to their
emancipation from wage slavery in
the production for wsa Instead of
for proflt; with this end ln view,
let me ask all those who ban and
will, to help the committee to put
a library Into Pender Hall that will
fill the necessary function.
P. FLOYD, Com.
Federated Labor Party
Editor B. O. Federatlonist! The
Federated Laber' Party, la their
intense desire te catch votea and
obtain political ofllce In this Prov
inoe, are fooling the people.
Their programme ef social reform, when one thinks of the real
nature of the state, upon whose
shoulders the responsibility of
these reforms must fall, Is' a Joke.
The state can not assume this responsibility owing to the class ownership of the means of life; tho
class owning the machinery of production, by virtue of their position,
can determine the policy of the
Social reform parties, and that
Is all the Federated labor Party
ls, oan not function ln society today any more than the appendix In
the human body can. This being
so, the F. L. P. may as well dig Its
own grave, write its ewn' obituary
notice, and allow the people to
say a requiem over the corpse.
Social reform parties in Oreat
Remember When
You Cast Your
Ballot Dec 1-
Vote the
Every One a Winner
that the Conservative Government put on the provincial statute books legislation
of vital importance to every
worker in British Columbia.
Compensation Act
—a measure which established protective rights for
all industrial workers—legislation which practically
abolished litigation in case of industrial accidents—
an Act of untold valufe to workers.
IN 1916
Half Holiday for
Retail Clerks
—legally establishing for retail store employees
rights for which they had been privately pressing
for years but which could not be secured by private
IN 1916
The above measures are types of the progressive
legislation for workers for which the Conservative
Party stands.     '
\ttvy i
tha development of sptaJttrt
score* of representatives in parliament, propaganda without end, yat
they have never achieved anything.
iilllona of workera la Britain
ay are faced with the eame pro-
i}]a,m as we are; they are almleaa-
ly, vainleaaly searching tor jobs
vhere jobs do net exist
. The productivity of the maohlne,
the consequent congestion of commodities in warehouses, cold stor-
ogoa, etc., makes unemployment
And yet, knowing thie faot* and
1 believe they do. the F. L. F.
continue to hand out to * working
class the same hoary-headed reforms, the aame fulminating platitudes and musty phrases. Surely
these art times when ths minds of
men go awry I
I do not wlah to sling mud at
any peraon or organisation; the
times are too grave for any such
demonstration, but I do wish to
point out to this supposed work'
Ing class political organisation, on
trusted with the responsibility of
educating the jrorklng class to
their true position In society, that
Without a knowledge of the real
nature of the state, lte functions;
soolety, how lt is divided In two
classes by a class ownership of the
means of life, they oan never succeed in their emancipation from
wage slavery.
If the F. Ii. P. possess this knowledge and doee not spread lt, they
are a detriment to society generally, and the working class specifically On the other hand, If they
do not understand these facts concerning the nature of capitalistic
society, they ai*e trifling with a aer
olous problem, and aa such are
standing la the way of a clearer
Always Interested in my own
class, knowing how readily its
plastic mind lends Itself to the
molders of publlo opinion and, act*
ing ln my own Interests, aa tin observer of a great game- going on
around me, I am asking the F, L.
P. to tell the facts or go out of
buainess rather than become an
encumbrance on further progress.
As an observer, I wtll be quite
frank with you In pointing out that
solution to a secret which has long
troubled you as a party, namely,
your own inability to rise further.
The solution ls your yeast has
gone flat—dead, and Is no longer
working hi the mass,
As I have said before, soolety
has Reached a stage where a social
reform party oan no longer func<
tlon- A revolutionary party Is the
iOBly party which can rise to power
tthe'.mass being faintly, but peraep-
tibly, conscious that the system Is
beyond repair, and the best thing
„to.-do Is to abolish ltfend start a
new one.
p-i-Thanklng you tot space, sincere
d» ffcurs,
f)d9f- R. KIRK.
Ion v '
d_ui On Politics
•Bdltor B. 0. Federatlonist: After
having attended numerous meetings of the & P., aa well ae of the
L. P., I have yet to flnd where
tl_6fxe le any fundamental dlffer-
onoa ln the. theoretical principles of
ibpao two organisations.
Both stand uncompromisingly for
tt\e, abolition of the present capitalistic system, and all this system
involves. The only discernible difference waa their respective atti-
tdde towards parliamentary activity.
The F. L. P. Is not acting inconsistently by participating In the
present election, nor can lt be
charged with greediness, having
pdt only three candidates Into the
Held; giving othef organizations,
marching on parallel lines, their
As there ls no difference between
the fundamental principles of these
two organisations, I and many
others are very much puzzled over
the sudden resolve and action by
the s. P. to throw six hats ln the
same ring.
Until knowing a good Reason for
the present tactics of the S. P., we
cannot help but,
1. To deplore the fact that
thereby the Labor vote In Vancouver wlU be needlessly split, and
the political success jeopardized,
2. To suspect that only personal animosity against the F. L.
P. is at the bottom of thia tactic.
We would feel very much relieved, and It would do much good,
lf we would flnd In the columns of
The Federationist some friendly enlightenment.
'Socialist speakers and Socialist
papers In Vancouver have repeated-
ly and clearly stated that the S.
P. will use parliament only as d
propaganda platform, nnd that no
nther use would be made of parliamentary Institution. Yet from the
very moment of their entrance Into
parliament untold problems will
presa mercilessly to be acted upon,
and which can not be met only
with propaganda speeches from thc
floor of the house.
The F. L. P. was organized with
the outspoken purpose of political
action, and participation in parliamentary activity, under the* guidance of the principle of their plat-
fortn. Therefore they can be of
use 24 hours In every day, and best
prove the worry for other political
organizations without having to
id do not doubt the sincerity and
the thorough understanding of the
9focfnlls.!c doctrine by the candidates of the s. P., but as convincing and efficient platform speakers,
wilh the exception of Comrade
Harrington, the other Ave candidates are not yet ripe for thla im-
purtfint mission.
Two or three of the best-known
and best brained veterans of the S.
P9 ("veterans" not ln the military
swipe), would have stood a better
cfyance and make a better Job of It
_. A. S.
" '     F. L. P. Union HaU
Many unions are now meeting,
and have their offices In the new
Federated Labor1 Party hall at 148
Cordova street west. Among these
are the Amalgamated Carpenters,
Painters Union, Civic Employees
Union, City Hall Employees Association and the Fnlicemen's Union.
Detroit, Mich. — Wholesale lay-,
offs of mon employed in manufac-'
turlng plants of this city goos on
unabated. Dodge Bros, shut down
for a poriod of two weeks, throwing 18,000 men on the stroot. The
Flshor Body Co., laid off 7,000 men
Indefinitely. All tho over-all factories closed doors leaving moro
than a thousand womon without
Patronize Fod Advortlsers.
Booses Offers Aug Tea-How Day,
Bert need Wages aad Qaawataa
of $50t Against Strikes
(By The Federated Press)
New Tork—If the 40,000 members of the International Brotherhood of Teamsten accept the ultimatum juat laid down by the wag*
scale committee of their employers,
they will lose the nine-hour day
whloh they gained last year and
will be compelled to go back to
the ten-hour schedule without any
increase la wages.
In addition to offering what te
actually a reduction in wagee, the
wage scale committee of the Merchant Truckmen's Bureau and
other commercial organisations demanded ot the representatives of
tha International Brotherhood of
Teamsters that the union accept a
fixed rate of $1 an hour for overtime and put up a bond of $600 for
each employer aa a guarantee
against unauthorised strikes. The
employer, by this last provision,
would also be hound for the sa
amount aa a guarantee against
Detroit—More than one sign re
.fleets the depression due to whloh
tens of thousands of men are being laid off ln this city. The overcrowded downtown streets are one
thing; thousands of "for rent" placards and the reduction of room
rent are also a fair Indication of
the state of affairs. Added to this
Is the Increase la army enlistments
reported by the recruiting officers.
Sanitarium Ltd.
Fifteenth Floor Standard
Bank—Oor.  of  Hastings
and Richards
Phones Seymour 603;
Highland 2134-L
By Algar Bailey
Ii tbe day ef the eld family practitioner almost at an aad? It tke
■wallowing of multi-color*! con-
coctioni, all ibapaa aal alios of
pllla, tho injeotioni of - serumi,
shortly to coast? Aa I sat la a
comfortablo arm chair, ln aa at-
moiphere electrically charged with
many thouiandi of Totti, and with
my akin tingling aa I Inhaled pare
oiono and convened with Dr.
Downle of the Downle Sanatorium
of thli city, I uktd myulf thou
qntitioai ln all lerlouanoia. candidly, I foreiu many radical
changu hi tha next fow yean Is
tha maimer'of treating human ail-
monti. I am tired of suing aad
hearing of maWtudlnoai rtmedloi
for each and overy dlieue which
meal tho eye at every end aad
turn—In the papers, stroet cars,
hoarding!, itore windows, circulars. I know that thou concoctions aro not the product of men
Reeking to help mankind. I know
they are bat thtlr means of gaining a living from a cnduloui pub-
lie—nay. an Ignorant public.
DrugleiH healing ai practised by
men who have made it a life-long
study ls ona of the most marvollem
thingi I know of. Tot Is lt marvellous after all? Ia It not rathor
Just plain, common sense, which
any person can understand lf ht
cam to try? I conversed with an
old lidy who. two weeks before,
had heen curried into Dr, Downli's
Sanatorinm— a cripple. She told
mt of four jeers nf misery and
pain; of fruitlessly trying doetnr
after doctor In search of relief. She
could hardly flnd tht words to express hor gratitude to Dr. Downle
for tht wonderful cure she wu
receiving. Juot then tht nurse
catltd her; sho roie from her
chair and walked acrms the room
firmly and yet with tho lightness
of a child. She li 651 I witnessed the treatment of a woman
whose spine was badly curved. I
Raw photographs of what It had
been a few weoks before. The
chango was miraculous. When
the treatment ts ended she will bt
at least two Inches taller. I saw
a man well known ln business tn
Vanconver and who, becoming
crippled wtth rheumatism, went
there nn crntchos. Today he ls ai
sprightly As ever, and bis crutches
are forgotten.
It li not merely, howevor, physical dlsablUtlta which are being
so treated. Practically every ailment known to tht tinman ram-
Uy gives way quickly and surely to
a course of treatment at the hands
of this able man. I read testimonial after testimonial from poople
who havt bean cured ef troubles
arising from tho atomach and
lungs, from tniomnla, oexoma, and
io en.
I have no other object In maklsg
theso statements over my name
than tbat of helping my fellow beings. I can do no more than tell ef
what Z saw, of what I know to ba
tho truth. If tho public do not
caro to help themselves after othors
try to help them, It Is but their
own fault lf tbey suffer. I can
only uy that I urge everyone not
satisfied with their state of health,
or with the medical treatment
they are receiving, to call and ate
for themselves.
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Haitian itreet Wtn
Do Yonr Boots Need Rimg Up?
The New Method Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
AU work positively guarantee* ud tM wttkasaneMp li jurt ■
Uttlt bit better.
Wa Mak* amy atyle ot atieee to Year Measure
Phone BF 964
Assayers, Ptospecters and Surveyors
The B.C School of Pharmacy i Science
Crown Boildbi.615 PENDER ST. W. PW.Sty.174S
A eeparate Departm.nl ts (tr* PRACTICAL training ts' Pro*
pect'ore, Assayers ent Burrs wt aaa beea eetabliehed In tM
above Inititutlon.
iNorvmuAi. help is ouii motto.
Any man wko haa ambition to Improvs Ma petition will flnd tM
opportunity hare.
Then ara PRACTICAL courses (or PRACTICAL man br PRA0>
TICAL Lecturers. It la not merely theoretical work which oould
bo obtained from hooka,
Ths department ls ln charts sf Mr. Stanlsy Poolds and Mr. B.
P. Wilson, D.L.S., whs hav* spent many years at ths wsrk.
For particulars writo sr call on ths Prlneipai, P. J.'BAIN.
MOTE—As a proof of rar antMa, tb. followtai nealie ttu. .blala.d by a*
I th. put ywi 1st flu. la lb. B. O. Laad ternyne' Had; M
In B. 0. Land 8a ' ~- "'  .......
Hcleaee Eat ; lit plu
O. taw i*rei    .nary.
darlas tk. put yiar: :_.     .... _  _.      . _
plin ln B. 0. Land gamym' PnHalaary; lit pIsm la B. O. Calt. Apallsd
l Eai ; lit plue ia B. O. Wear sad Major Pbaiwuy; 1st plat, la B,
116 Bank of Nova Sootia Building
Phone Sey. 2276
whut rov au fob
ul Xon-alcohoUe wlass af an
Ballard's Fnrnknre Store
1024 MAW 8TUn
Phoiw Bey. »sr
We ftlwirs csny la itock a rood
■election of dining-room, parlor, kitchen tnd bedroom furaltnre, alto
linoleum tnd medium priced etrpot
■qaftree, rat', etc* Wo cen iavo yoa
money M wo oro out of the high rent
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A reliable Regalltlng Pill for Women, $5
• box. Bold ot oil Drag Stom, or moiled
to any iddren on receipt of price. Tko
Sooboli Drag Co., Bt OitkiHnei. Ontario.
Reitorei Vim md Vitality; for Nerve ond
Broln; increnei "groy motter;" a Tonlo
—will fanlld yon np. |3 a bor, or two for
f6, at drug (.tores, or by moil oa receipt
of priee. - Tho Scobell Bros Oo., Bt. Catharines, Ontario.
Guaranteed Coal
If our eoal ia not satisfactory to yon, after you
hare thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
ooal ia left and oharge yon
nothing for what you hav*
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phonal Seymour 1441 aad 461
ranmsa,   rtrauiaxaa,   ai»
aaoTTraaa in bookumsbm
Ualoa ofleiab. wllle far prlc.  W.
for Tw.nty Tun n ken inn.d this Ualea Stany let aee aaaei eai
Peaceful OoUootira Bargaining
Forbidi Both Strlkei and LoAonta
Dliputoa Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled WMkmuihfp
Prompt Dellnrlei to Dealeri and Publlo
Peace and Succesi to Workera aad Employtn
Prosperity of Shoo Making Oommunltlei
Ai loyal union men ud women, wt uk
you to demand shoei bearing the abort
Union Stamp on Sole, XnioJe or Lining.
OolUi Lovely, Oeneral Proildaat.    Obarlu L. Kaine, Oeneral Sac.-Treaa.
and Girls
Any Boy who aends ua the
coupon end of a package of
"Royal Crown'' Soap or Waab-
ing Powder will be aent a
Squawking Balloon, abaolutely
free. See the picture—blowa up
big—squeak like a pig.
Any Girl who sends ua tha
coupon end of a package of
"Royal Crown" Soap or Washing Powder (plua 15c. for postage and packing) will be seat,
absolutely free, a 6-inch heary-
weight celluloid Kewpie Doll,
worth 65 centa.
Mothers! Gather your "Royal Crown" coupons together
and write for our Premium Catalogue and special offers
today while stocks are full. Many folks select their entire
list of Christmaa gifta from thia catalogue.
Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Premium Dept., 303 Georgia Street East        VANCOUVER, B. C PAGE EIGHT
twelfth tear, ao. 48    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, „. c.
FRIDAY ....November 88. It,1
Copyright 1920 Han Schaffner & Man
Pure Wool Socks Now
Reduced to 45c
Pure Wool Cashmere Hose. Elastic
top, reinforced heel and toe. Seamless foot. Black, brown, white, grey,
natural. Regular $1.00. Sale
price    45£
Canada's Greatest
Legitimate Sale
Men's and Boys'
Regular $50.00 to $55.00 Reduced to
Superfine Suits of pure virgin wool. Superbly cut
and splendidly tailored. No mistaking their quality. You see it in every line. Besides newest
weaves and patterns, this special offering includes
genuine Blue and Irish Serges. Essentially Suits
for better wear. In Young Men's and "conservative" styles. All sizes to 44. Regular $50 and $55.
Special Sale Price   „,  $34.50
600 Heavy Silk Ties
Reduced to 95c
Newest designs in heavy Silk
Scarves. Plenty of choice. Begular
$2. Sale price 95^
English Gabardine Overcoats
Reduced to $29.50
■ Tke finest of English Gabardine. Pure wool fabrics, double textured. Woven
to closely neither rain nor wind can go through them. Cut with distinction.
Thoroughly tailored. Free, swinging lines. Big collar, deep pockets. All sizes.
'OarTre'iular^SEngM'Giabardines. Sale Price $29.50
Boys' High-grade Suits
Sharply Reduced
Exclusive models, Mothers, In pure, soft,
flne wool. Cut and tailored just like •
Dad's. In single and double-breasted
styles, newest weaves and patterns, IB
this offering are. the famous Jack
O'Leather pure wool suits, reinforced at
wearing parts with softest, finest leathers.
They wear twice ae long. Sizes 24 .to 86.
Special Sale Price  ......$14.»5
Extra Pants may be had If.desired.
All styles and all sizes
The Home of
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings West
Canada's Largest Exclusive Storo for Men nnd Boys
Boys' Bloomers
Reduced to $1.65
Mothers, they're pure wool,
high-grade bloomers. With four
pockets; belt loops and Governor fasteners. Strong linings.
They'll wear splendidly. Sizes 24
to 35.  Sale Price  »1.65
Vienna.—Charged with having
bribed a member of the shop couneil of tho arsenal ln an effort to
obtain and smuggle Into Hungary
10,000 rifles, 1600 machine guns
and 4,000,000    cartridges,    Major
Vldak, alleged agent of the reac-  and getting them    transported to
tlonary    Horthy    government   of | Budapest.
Hungary, has just been    arrested.
Rome time ago Major Vldak succeeded  ln smuggling  six carloads
of munitions onto a rlvm    vessel 1    Buy at a union store.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Our Clean-Up
Will end on Saturday. As a final inducement we offer
for Friday and Saturday a number of Suits and Overcoats for
These are actually less than the manufacturers cost. You
can see samples of them in our window.
Fashion-Craft Sfiop
Only Store of—
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd
514 Granville Street
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Specialist in
Hydro Therapy
Hours, 1-5; Mon., Wed., Pri.,
A  Teacher  of  Drugless
Bey. 8533 Bay. 4023R.
Nine Meetings Held During Week—Lots More
to Follow
Enthusiastic meetings have heen
held by the candidates of the Federated Labor Party ln Vancouver
during the past week. Messrs.
Richardson, Trotter, Woodsworth
and a large number of supporting
speakers have been busy addressing meetings almost every night
since the campaign started at a
good pace in the Dominion Hall,
two weeks ago tonight. The committee handling the literature distribution has also been doing good
work in covering practically ail of
the most thickly populated districts with the Labor Party manifesto.
On Friday afternoon last, a women's meeting was held ln the A.
O. V. hall. Besides being addressed by the F. L. P. candidates, Mr.
Millar, candidate of the G. A. U.
V., Mrs. Rose Henderson and Mrs.
J. S. Woodsworth also spoke. Sunday evening saw two meetings held
by the party, one ln the Colonial
theatre, and the other ln the
Grandvlew theatre. The Colonial
was the scene of an enthuslasalc
demonstration In favor of the candidates, and the crowd at the
Grandvlew also received the candidates well.
Monday night an F. L, P. meeting was held in No. 16 lire hall,
Nootka street; Tuesday night the
candidates spoke at Britannia
high school; Wednesday at Lord
Tennyson school, Kitsllano, and as
the paper ls going to press, two
meetings are being held by the F.
L. P., one In the Dominion hall,
and one ln King Edward high
school. This afternoon (Friday)
the candidates will apeak at the
Fair'vlew theatre, Granville street,
at 2:45 p.m. Tonight a whist drive
und dance Is scheduled for the Cotillion hall. Sunday evening three
meetings will be held ln the city,
as follows: Colonial theatre, 8 p.
m.; Kitsllano theatre, 8:15 p.m.;
Grandvlew theatre, 8:15 p.m. Monday, at 8 p.m, a women's meeting
Is on the cards for the Belvedere
Court, corner Main and Tenth
avenue, and Tuesday the closing
meeting of the campaign will be
held ln GranvUle hall, 641 Granville street, at 8 p.m. Altogether
with the whirlwind campaign that
Ib 'being staged, and the support
that the candidates are getting from
the workers all oyer the city, the
Lahor movement of the city and of
the Province generally will be congratulating Itself on Dec. 1 on having elected three men from Vancouver City who can and will represent them In the house at Victoria.
Junior  Labor  tongue  Elections
Tonight the Junior Labor League
will elect ollicers for the forthcoming term, to all positions excepting the convenors of committees,
and the filling up of the exeoutlve.
Those nominated by the young
people for the honorary positions
Include Rev. Wm. Ivens, J. S.
Woodsworth. Mrs. W. R. Trotter,
R. B. Russell and Eugene V. Debs.
Though none of the nominees were
consulted as to whether they would
let their names stand, it doea not
seem to worry the members. The
ballots are properly printed, and
each of the candidates for offlce
has been required to make a speech
in support of their candidates, and
also to have at least one supporting speaker. Only those who nominated the honorary officers spoke
In support of those candidates.
After all the preparations to have
this election conducted along what
ls known as the "proper" lines,
there is keen interest In the outcome. The ballots will be counted
tonight about 8 p.m. Balloting
takes place at the F. L. P. hall,
143 Cordova street west.
Don't forget the big whist drive
and dance being held tonight in
Cotillion hall, under the auspices
of the Federated Labor Party.
Prices as usual, the prises better
and with your help, the crowd the
best ever. Ladies are requested
to  bring cakes.
Everett, Wash. — Unemployment
Is becoming serious in this lumbor
and shingle mill and logging district. Practically aU tho shingle
mills of the district are closed down
nnd only a few lumber mllles are
operated. Many of the logging
camps have closed down also. The
mills and logging camps usually
operate all the winter months.
The Conservatives are accusing
the Liberals of piling up the debts
of the Province. Can anybody
show us where a government of
capitalist politicians, no matter
what their label, did not pile up
The Market
Is Cracking
See Our Big Clothing Advertisement on Page 5.
The greatest sale held in the west
since pre-war days.
45-47-49 Hastings St. East
Government Will Not Display German Murder
The labor minister for education
ln New South Wales has announced
that the labor government will not
allow captured German machine
guns to be displayed in the school
grounds of that country. He states
that machine guns are the last
things that should be displayed before child minds. The minister also
intends to review all books and paper's in use In the schools' with the
object of eliminating those passages
which tend to glorify war and militarism and substituting ln their
place passages extolling peace, racial brotherhood and International
Coal Capitalization
Notes on the capitalization of the
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir),
Limited, mostly presented to the
Dominion Board of Commerce in
Vancouver on August 20, 1920.
(By M. B. Cotsworth)
The capitalisation of this company as last flled with tho provincial registrar of companies (up to
28th June, 1920) is as below:—
Common shares issued ..110,000,000
Preference      5,000,000
Share capital  $15,000,000
1st Mortgage 5 per cent.
Gold Bonds  JIO.000,027
Total capital $26,000,027
Beyond that, the bond Interest
accrued up to June 30th, 1918, had
amounted to $2,599,885, and If the
common report he true, that none
haB since been paid, that burden of
arrears of interest will by now liavo
accumulated about $3,900,000.
By November, 1920, that oppressive Interest burden will aggregate to more than $4,000,000,
whereas thc original capitalization
under tho lato Mr. Jamm Dunsmuir wan only $2,000,000, when in
1912, he sold the collieries and adjoining properties to Mackenzie and
Mann for $10,000,000, added to
whloh was $1,000,000 commission,
divided between Mr. R. T. Elliott,
K.C, of Victoria, who divided that
$1,000,000 between himself and
others. The purchase price of $10,-
000,000 was thereby Increased to
$11,000,000 for the coal mines, coal
and considerable real estate lots, of
which I have a list. . Most of those
real estate lots were speculative and
cannot fairly be chargeable to coal
production costs.
Mackenzie and Mann proceeded
forthwith to Ottawa, where their
agent obtained a charter from the
Secretary of State authorizing them
to form the $20,000,000 corporation
then intended, as some of us, in the
public interest, made effective objection. Public pressure later
farced them to reduce by a revised
Dominion charter to the $15,000,-
000, for which shares were Issued.
What Mackenzie and Mann did
with the $4,000,000 diffeernce between the $11,000,000, alleged paid
out, and the $15,000,000 of shares
Issued, and what has been done
with the $ 10,000,027 raised by
Gold Bonds, are questions the miners and consuming public are pressing to ascertain, because they know
that over-capitalization is infiatirig
the price of coal.
They hold that the Canadian Collieries, Ltd., are noiv serioiwly overcapitalized for more titan $25,000,-
000, or more than 1250 per cent, of
the capital normally required before the war for fair coal production in the public interest.
Can the Board of Commerce help
to clear up those simple questions
that can be so effectively used to
reduce the cost of coal, and allay
tho serious industrial unrest now
developing through the excessive
prices charged In the coast cities
for coal?.
After the members of the Board
of Commerce had read the above,
and considered the chart of costs I
gave to each of the three members,
they definitely promised me that an
early Inquiry should he made into
the costs of coal mining and the
cost of scowing and delivering coal
in Vancouver, Victoria and New
They stated thnt for some reason
(unknown to me) they could not
start an Inquiry while here at the
coast, but that thetr chairman
would remain a few days to sine
up the situation and visit Seattle to
learn the competitive conditions,
and that after his return to Ottawa the board would order the needed Investigation.
But soon after they reached Ottawa, the sugar question engrossed
them and the Dominion Government, thua leading to that remarkable order upon wholesalers and retailers of sugar, which resulted In
their resignations before they authorized the promised investigation
into coal costs.
Two of the prime questions. I put
up to the board were: (1) Why
has the price of coal been increased
$4.86 per ton since June, 1919,
when the miners' Increases in
wages have only averaged about
50.2 cents per ton more; and (2)
What effective steps could they take
with our help, to reduce the price
of coal?
Prague Workers Seize Homes of
Wealthy People for Their
Own Families
Berlin.—Rendered desperate by
the failure of the housing bureau
of the city of Prague to use Its authority to mitigate the housing
shortage by forcing the wealthy
residents of the Czechoslovak capital to let their empty rooms, the
working people there have organized committees and taken the matter, into their own hands, according to a report received by Die
Frelhelt. The workers committee
has visited and Inventoried the
houses of several hundred wealthy
people and have succeeded In finding shelter for many houseless
working class families.
Patronize   Fed Advertlzers
Men's Boots
Values to $10.00.  Sale
Price  _	
Values to $12.00.  Sale
Values to'$14.00.  Sale
Price ...—....:.	
Values to $15.00. Sale
Price ....._ :....	
Federated Labor Party
Is Out to Win
(Continued from page 1)
The most wonderful sight in the
world Is to witness a toll-cursed
slave resolving to rend the chains
that bind him down to a life of
misery, poverty and degradation.
And this Is the sight that is meeting the gaze of the Federated Labor Party today. It is the most encouraging and beautiful thing ln
the world to witness, a .working
class defiantly challenging the right
of the rulers to longer rule and
rob them. This Is the thing that
today gives life, hope and-courage
to the campaign, workers of the
Federated Labor Party throughout
British Columbia. The workers
are fed up with the election mush
and camouflaged flght of the old
political parties, and are now
swelling the ranks of the Federated Lahor Party, which says that
If plenty of attractive .and nourishing food, If beautiful and commodious homes and handsome furniture and elegantly excellent
clothing Is good enough for anybody, they would be good enough
for everybody. If Liberal education, art, science, literature, music,
travel, leisure and an abundance
of the good and beautiful things
of life are good for the employer
and his doss, then they would be
good for' the worker and his class.
It la with this message, and the
Ideal of a new social order, that
the campaign Is being fought, and
lt ls with this Inscribed on our banner that the workers will march
to victory in the very near future.
Rochester, N. Y.—The war*
of deportation Issued agatnit CI
M, O'Brien, an alleged member
the Communist party of Amer
has been cancelled, according t
report sent here by Authony Ca,
nettt, commissioner-general of '
W. E. Fenn's School
PIioihs: Soy. 101—Sey. 3058-C
Social Dances Monday, Wedntl
day and Saturday.
Give a little encouragement to
our advertlseri.
H. Walton
Speciallit  lit    Electrical    Treatments,
Violet Ray snd High  Frequency  for
Rheumatism,  Sciatica,  Lumbago,  Paralysis, Hair  and   ticalp  Treatment!,
Chronic Ailments.
Phoae Baytnoar 3041
188 Baitings Stratt West.
1000 Suits—500 Overcoats
We muat reduce our enormous stock, hence this
great sacrifice.
1000 SUITS
Tn Blue Serges, Worsteds.
Tweeds, etc. Fashioned by
Canada's leading taUora.
Reg. ,85.00 for   $12.60
Reg. $73.00 for  $37.60
Reg. 166.00 for   $92.60
Reg. $60.00 for   $26.00
Reg. $10.00 for  $20.00
Be,. $60.00 for  $16.00
In the choicest all wool fabric,
and smartest Fall styles.
Reg. $60.00 for  $30.00
Reg. $55.00 for  $27.10
Reg. $50.00 for  $26.00
Rig. $15.00 for  $22.60
Reg. $10.00 for	
Suit Sale
Great value in suits; fine tweeds and
worsteds, in a great variety of patterns,
models suitable for all types of men and
young men. Regular prices as high as
- $33.75
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets


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