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The British Columbia Federationist May 17, 1918

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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Industrial unity: stbbngth **■»     * official paper: Vancouver trades and labor coiJwcil, and b o federation of r abob ^"""^ "^
. '   _ tataitutuLiLun ua "'"""^^ *^».   PQLITIOAL UNITY:   VICTOll
TENTH YEAR.   No. 20 EIG^^AGES           "VANCOUVER B. C, FRIDAY MqfapTC^^ '   ■ PtfWD    lUOPP^S
Org. Hoop Gives  Helping
Hand to Directors of
Company
Reasons Why Organized Labor Should Rise to
the Occasion
The campaign for restoring the ownership of tbe Labor Tomplo is well
under way, and the unions, where tho
seriousness of the situation is brought
home to them, are beginning to "catch
on." The spirit of inquiry is,abroad,
and many trados unionists, who arrived
in British Columbia in recent years,
have become acquainted with the heroic
efforts put forth since 1890 to obtain a
home for Labor,    *
A committee waited upon tho Amalgamated Carpenters on Tuesday night
in the persons of J. H, McVety and W
H. Hoop, '
Mr. McVety reviewed the history of
the struggle to get a Labor Temple for
the trades unionists of thc city.    He
i told a straight, unvarnished story, and
F the interest aroused was remarkable.
I     In introducing Mr. Hoop, Mr. McVety said:  "I would like the Vancou-
\ ver trades unionists to get the view-
| point of an outsider, and Bro. Hoop has
' served an apprenticeship in organized
I labor long enough to have an opinion,
I and I am sure you will bo interested in
i the way he has of expressing it."
| Organizer Hoop
Mr. Hoop, i\i his remarks, said: "It
lis vory significant that we call tho
Labor building a Temple. All tho institutional life of man has been nsso-
Iciated with tomples. Thoy. are tho
iplaces whoro Mnn has met for thousands
of yoars, voicing his fears, hopes and
'aspirations, with tall spires pointing
.upward, and it seems timo thnt if temples anywhere are to realize anything
real for the worker, that reality must
come from tho Labor Temple.
"It is a groat credit to Vancouvor
Labor that the Lnbor Temple proposition was tackled away back in 1899,
and though it took cloven years to got
the building up, it now stunds a great
credit to those daring spirits who
brought it into being,
"In coming ncross this broad expense
of eoLintry one thing, having a striking
relation to Labor, forces itself on one's
mind. I am not alone in this opinion,
tt is that in any eity where there is
lot a generally recognized Labor Tom-
)lc, the Labor movement ie terribly
landicapped. Tho instinct ot got-togo-
her seems absent, and wages seems to
uffer in consequence, and especially in
he crafts poorly organizod.
"In u city with a Labor Templo,
mionism seems to carry a spirit with
t; oven non-unionists tnko stock of
his fact, the lines between capitnl and
ibor aro more clearly drawn and tho
roundwork for agreement prepared. In
town where the trade unionist is
arced to meet anywhere and the
nions are scattered all over the town,
j is very difficult, and often discoursing to orgnnize the forces when no-
issary, fur industrial and economic aeon.
"In no city does Labor make any
lac*ay until there is a Labor Temple
Lilt.   It seems tho historic mission of
e temple, tho 'get-together' feature
the Labor movemont, which overy-
dy seems to desiro.   Temples, in the
at, usually had reference to treasures
fich neither moth nor dust can cor-
it.    Our   temples,   Labor   Temples,
vo got that revised.   They are tho
cob whore Labor boards of strategy
et, where the lino of policy keeps its
I on a 100-cents-on-the-dollnr proposi-
a for the worker.
'Take the seasonal and variable elite of Canada, and tho mnny unions
<ject to such. Look nt tho Carpen-
!, for instance? At some points thou-
ds are employed and then, like the
iter, plumber, otc, tho Carpenters'
nbership drops off. In thc spring
les becomes brisk, and in those cities
>ro tho Lnbor forces, and its business
Ministration meet in the snmo torn-
the trndes union movemont can
id up, and if needs be 'swap punches
i the boss.'
There is no doubt in tho mind of
sane porson but that tho growth,
jlopmout and power of tho tradeB
>n movement is worrying the em-
ing clnss.   Doubtless they nre lay-
awake frights figuring out, 'legal-
how to give it a setback, nud some
■wo may awnke to find that we have
lone 'slipped over on us.'
■While the Labor Temple is nomi-
' the Home of Labor, it is capitnl-
iroperty, insofar as the mortgagee
s the milk. * This is the only wny
3rty is acquired ander the present
alist system.   Should the capitalist
1 of strategy figure out that it is
ying   proposition   to   scntter the
is, prevent them from meoting in
mme building and so consolidating
forcos, it could easily be done. It
t cost them a few dollars, but they
t also save n few dollars.    Thoy
are willing to spend money to
ol and prostitute Lubor.
ittbor temples make thoir appear-
in the development of industry,
Lnbor demunds agreement, when
r catches the spirit of administra-
and the Labor Tomple iB to the
Vancouver Trndes and Labor
uncil holds a majority of tho
ares in tho Vancouver Labor
mple Co., Ltd. The delegates
tho central labor body must nc-
pt the responsibility of putting
a affairs of the Labor Templo
. in better shape. The sale of
ires must be increased and
nothing more definite done than
being done, if the Temple is to
restored to the trnde union
ivement. The directors hnve
ed to nwnkon interest in the
itorntion, but they need ihe co-
Bration of the central labor
ily.   How about itf
NON-UNION
WORKER!
ENT
IECUTED
Finn Wblch Refused
ployees to
Into Further
The ilrst prosecution
of labor clause in the
the many years since tl
force, took place Monday, when Manager Moltzor of the Guarantee Wholesalers, garment makers, 806 OranviUe
street, was fined $20 and costs
on tho complaint of Factory Inspector
Stewart. The act provides that women
and girls must not work longer than 48
hours per week. It was shown that they
ha^ boen working 50 hours por weok.
Mr. W. G, Anderson prosecuted for the
provincial govornment, -and Mr. ,A. F.
Fleislimnnn defended.
WILL BALLOT ON
M. T. C. Will Await Result
of Ballot Before It
Takes Action
Unions affected by the Murphy
award of a ten per cent, increase in
wages and a 48-hour week will ballot
on accepting or rejecting the award,
according to action decided upon by
Vancouver Motal Trades Council. Tho
council has gone on record ns rejecting
the 48-hour proposal and most of the
unions have already endorsed this action, but no definite action will be
tnken until the result of the balloting
has beon obtained from all unions.
Dolegates to the Pacific Coast Metal
Trades convention, held at Taeoma last
week, report that the convention went
on record for the 44-hour week, samo to
go into effoct on Mny 18. The ruling
will covor all the territory between
Prince Bupert and New Mexico. The
convention nlso called for a conference
of employers and employees, to bo held
some timo in July for tho purpose of
arranging for a basic wage of $7.25 for
mechanics nnd $4.60 for laborers employed in shipbuilding on tho Pacific
coast. »
The fire at Coughlan's shipynrds has
meant tho laying off of 2,000 men, but
work of rebuilding is going ahead
rapidly and the employers hopo to have
all tho mon back at work by Monday.
Delegnte Westmoreland of tho
Molders was elocted to tho office of
statistician.
OF
Government   by   Order-in-
Council Too Coarse for
Col. Currie
On Tuesday at Ottawa, Col. J; A.
Curie, North Siiiicoe, gave notice that
he would move nn address be presented
to "His Mnjosty tho King," asking
"His Majesty" to withdraw an order-
in-council passed on April 4, dealing
with the suspension of the habeas corpus, and nlso nn order-in-council passed
on April 16, dealing with the freedom
of opinion and liberty of the press.
Thc proposed motion concludes:
"And further, that this house is humbly and most respectfully of the opinion
thnt it is not advisable to puss orders-
in-council under thc War Measures Act,
suspending the hnboas corpus, instituting martial law, imposing fines, charges,
or other form of taxation, or suppressing freedom of conscience, liberty of
opinion nnd liberty of the press, ns tho
statutes of the Dominion, if properly
enforced, nre amply safiicient or cnn be
amended to denl with sedition, treason
or any danger to the country."
Boilermakers
Over ono hundred members hnve been
taken into the local since last week,
reports Secretary Frnser of thc Boilermakers. The membership lias passed
the 1,200-mark and from all indications
will continuo to grow. The Coughlan
fire has caused a groat number of the
mon to lay off but u great ninny of
them hnve already been tnken back and
nil are expected to bo back working
by Monday.
worker, just whnt the bunk building is
to tho financial plute.
"Tho Lnbor Temple is tlavpliice
whore our hcudquarters stuff meet to
tnke core of tho businoss interests of
tho wuge-workers. Whnt au awful
thing to contemplate. Thc iden that
wo had been building temples for thousands of years, lending up into the
clouds, and then tho feeling that we
were to lose the real temple, the temple
which all thc others really foreshadowed.
"Not Every mun and woman who
works for wages must como to the rescue of tho Vancouver Labor Temple.
"A good many of the unions are got-
ting thc idea of individual responsibility, and are coming through all right.
"Most of you know I was connected
for years with the post Office, and even
thero the employees sense the vnluo of a
Labor Temple, and will do their 'bit.'
The new Civil Service Bill will largely
kill tho effectiveness of tho Labor organization .in the civil service, and tho
govornment employee will seo tbo wisdom of lining up und that means*pnying
up for just his share in retaining the
Labor Temple for tho home of Labor,
"This Labor Templo idea is so important to me that 1 believe the national body of Labor, those running for
offico, ought to have a policy defined in
this respect.
"Canada needs a complete chain of
Labor Toniplos.
"Lot's get the idea. Then hew the
material to fit it.
"A Labor Temple in a city is Labor's
proof of its ■ power to administer
things."
Tho Carpentors listened to Bro. Hoop
with great interest nnd the Labor Temple committee left feeling that aunt hoi
Victory had beta acerod, ami fhe tsatrft.
lion.of the Temple in sight.
il
ONE KING, ONE COUNTRY, ONE FLAG"
SUGGESTED EMBLEM POR THE CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY EMPIRE
TWNBTY-FIVS FIREMEN
THREW UP THEIR JOBS
Firemen's Ufe uid Firemen's Pay Not
Attractive So Hen Are Quitting
tlie Service
Indicative of the fact that a flre
man's life and a fireman's pay was
not considered particularly attractive
just now, Fire Chief Carlisle reported
to the civic fire and polico committoe
this week that no fewer than 85 men
had resigned from the local department during tho month of April. The
chief made no comment on the number
of resignations which, with tho live
firemen who lost their lives with the
su days botwoen Inst Friday and Wednesday morning, makes a total of 30
gone out of tho department.
ACT/ON POSTPONED
The De Facto Government of
******      ******      ******    .  ««««««      ******      ******
Canada Lays Down the Law
Canadian Pacific Railway Company Discharges All White Employees
From Dining-car Service—Ordered by Dining-car Official to Desert Their
Union the Men Refuse—Are Promptly Fired and Replaced by Imported
Negroes—Veterans Among the Outcasts Wonder What They Fought For
IT HAS LONG been a sort of standing joke that the Canadian Pacific Railway is the real government of Canada. As time goes on, however, evidence continually accumulates showing that it is no
joke, but an indisputable fact. Of course, those who arc at all familiar with the genesis and subsequent financial career of this impersonal octopus will not consider it particularly remarkable that it
should have become the actual government of the Dominion, for was not this precious corporation that
like all the rest of its kind, has "neither a soul to save, a heart to feel, nor a updy (*) to kick,"'born
from the womb of the public domain and wet-nursed from the public treasury, by the most'brazen
aud conscienceless band of hard-faced brigands and pirates that ever went un whipped of justice?
Such being its parentage and its suckling, what else could logically be expected but that in time it
should become of age and master in its own house? And has this not happened? Is there anything
in Canada worth having, that does not pay tribute to Ihis gigantic octopus and by thus paying does
not all such belong to this delectable concern? And, pray, what government ever held a greater power
even oi life and death over its miserable objects or subjects, as you prefer, than that?
Birds of a Feather •fwns sent ingloriously "over tho top.'"
District 18, U. M. % of A.,
Official Here to Meet Military Authorities
President Thoa. Bigga of District 18,
U. M. W. of A., with headquartera at
Calgary, accompanied by Mra. Bigga, ia
a viaitor in Vanoouver this week.
During the weok-end Mr. and Mrs.
Biggs will pay a visit to their daughter, now a resident of Powell Biver.
President Sigga reports ihe membership of District 18 growing by
leaps and bounds, no leas than 3000 of
an increase during the past year. Pending the securing of a suitable manager-
editor tho executive board has not yet
moved the old Pernio Ledger plant to
Calgary, but it is proposed to issue tbe
old publication at the earliest date
possible.
While here Mr. Biggs will discuss
with the military authorities questions
affecting the conscription of coal miners in tho Crow'a NoBt PaaB district,
with a view to urriving at Bome definite understanding similar to that which
obtains in Alberta,
Nature of Vote Not Satis-
tory Enough to Warrant Acceptance
*•****':*
Whilo this worthy aggregation of
capital is perhaps the largest and
meanest of its kind in the Dominion,
by the very law of attraction of liko
unto liko, alt thc lesser accumulating
abscesses of similar character are attracted to it and in obedience to tho
further law of sclf-prcservntion those
foal creatures cling together and act
together in order'to perpetuate their
common lifo nnd realize their common
aim of ruling and robbing all and sundry thut may como within roach of
their foul clutches. The big ono has
ita tontaoles, its nerves and ita suckers
running down into und through its
lesser brethren, until all becomo as ono
in responding to the common impulse
of following the loader und obeying tho
chief.
And the chief director of slave-skinning and turning the pelts into tho gallant figures that appear as increased
capital upon tho pages of coinme'rciul
and finuncial flimflam in Canada, is
undoubtedly that gang of incorporated
bandits known as the Canadian Pacific
Railway eompany. And nil birds of
similar feather sit upon the snmo roost
and squawk and crow nnd cackle in
unison to the tjne called by that procious aggregation. •
Committing the Offense
Not long sinco thi* Canadian Brother-
hood of Railroad Employoos proceeded
to organize the diiiingenr employees of
thy C. P. B. and othor roads. A locnl
was formed in Vancouver. This met
with the immediate disapproval of tho
0. P. it. magnates. It was evidently
considered as sedition against the real
government of Canada, A flunkey of
the company, one 1). 8. Frnser, humorously denominated us a "dining-car inspector," was at once dispatched to
Chicago to round up colored help to be
used iu "enforcing the Inw against the
seditious ones who wero disposed to
flout it by organizing,
It is reported that the "colored
gentlemen" were offered $45 per month
and were assured they wore not to be
used to illl the pluce of nny strikers.
Subsequent developments show that this
was literally true, for, as Sis Hopkins
might say, "Thoro;wasn't going to be
no strikers, no how'." Tlio entire law-
ignoring staff of whito help were morely to bo sacked and thus make room
for more docile and law-abiding slaves.
It is claimed that the negroes were
also told thnt tho Canadian governmont
had given the company leave to hold
men of military age until it co.ild secure other help. Information given by
the employees goes to show that all the
mon subsequently locked out are either
over military nge or have been exempted on physical grounds. Be that as it
may, however, there is no renson to
doubt that the Canadian government
had "given leave" whenever it had
been nuked. The C. P. It, being the
Canadian government, how could it be
otherwise!
The "Big Drive" Begins
Tho big drive of BQdUtonlalii ui:d law-
deflera began on Monday last, As
rfintdly as a (ruin arrived in Vancouver
the   dining-car   detachment   therewith
7    .
Colored mon, imported from tho United
States, anothor "democracy" lying
just to tho south of us, were put in
their pieces. Up to date ahout 150 are
affected by this patriotic effort upon
the part of tho real govornment of Cnnada to stamp out sedition and thwart
the vicious purposes of the wicked Germnn autocracy that wpuld stronglo democrncy and destroy our hnrd-enrncd
liborties.
Prepared for Wir
As tho wickod Huns propared beforo
hnnuMor tho groat slaughter now on,
so it. seems did tho C. P. E. for thc
complete rout of tho offending employees in its dining-car service. It
became known to tho discharged men
on Tuosday that tho provincinl jioJit-i'
lind recoived orders "not to annoy"
the colored brethren who bod been
brought from tho cultured precincts of
Chicago i'or tho purpose of defeating
Prussian nutocrocy, making Canndn
"safe for democracy," and porpotunt*
ing tho numerous other British institutions of glorious momory.
No "Vots." Need Apply
Roturned soldiers who have mudo applications of lute for jobs on the .lining
curs have been told thnt no men nre
required, nnd yet tho agent of the
company is alleged to have told tho
colored men thnt thoro wns a grent
shortage of help, and the company hns
made public tho statement thai ii was
releasing its employees "fnr more im-
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, May Ill-Hotel nnd
liostuMrnnt Employees; Saw
Filers' Association,"
MONDAY, Mny 30—Bleotrlcal
Workers; Boiler Makers; B, tl.
Const Stewards; Steam Engineers; Mnchinists, No. 720;
Tailors'' Executive; Stroot
linllwaymon 's Executive.
TUESDAY, May 21-Shipvard
Laborers; Bookbinders; 'Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary;
Hutchers and Meat Cutter's;
Railway Firemen.
WEDNESDAY, Mny 22—Teamsters nnd Chnuffours; Street
Railway Employees; Gas Workers; Metal Trndes Council;
Hotel and Restaurant Em* ■
ployobs.
THURSDAY, May 2.1-Shnet
Metnl Workers; Shipwrights
and Cnulkers; Machinists, No.
182; I'ninters.
FRIDAY, Mny M.~Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgemen; Ship-
aril I.--J
and n>' |
housemen.
t
"portnnt work elsewhere." Surely returned soldiers ought to bo considered
in preference to imported workers from
outside, no mntter whother colored or
just plain white.
Arrogant Rule
The entire performance is morely an
expression of true Prussian "kultur"
right here in Canada. It is the act of
just as arrogant nnd brutal rulers nnd
ruffians, of native extraction, as ever
rode empudently und rough-shod over
the lives and fortunes of the slaves of
kaiserdom in Europe. It is just as
much calculated to frighten tho enomy
and safeguard democracy by encouraging enlistment aad aid for the prosecution of the war, ns would be the deliberate and successful carrying-out of the
schemes of German spies' in our midst.
Ottawa Notified
The following telegrams speak for
themselves. Up to the going to press
no answer has been recoived to the one
addresflod to Mother Crothers, tho minister of labor, may God save us. At
ntoy rate, the powers that bo are doing
nil within their power to demonstrate
to the workers the renl meaning of government nnd what it in not only capable
of doing, but doing with the utmost
cheerfulness.
Telegrams
"Oalgary, Alia., May 11, iftlfi.
" Victor Midgley,
Vnncouvei, B, 0.
"Ninety-six Imported negroes nrrived in Vancouver Sunday morning.
I understand thoy are for dining ears.
Can you do anything to nssist us?
Mosher has taken matter up with Ottawa,   You can get mo hore.
"K. ROBSON."
"Vancouvor, May 13, 1918.
" Hon, T, \V, Crothers,
"Minister of Labor,
"Ottawa, Out.
"Canadian Paciilc dining-car official
recently notified the dining-car employees thnt unless they severed their
connection with the Canadian Brotherhood of Hallway Employees' association (hey would all be displaced with
negroes. The men refused to withdraw
from thoir union nnd the eompany is
now discharging nil its white employees
on the {lining cars and replacing them
with negroes. The men discharged are
British subjects, nearly nil married or
unfit for military service and some of
them are returned soldiers, Tho men
linvo made no demand upon the company, and the only question in dispute
IS (lie right, of the meu to belong to n
union. Request the government to take
immediate stops to compel the C. P, It.
to reinstate thoir white employees.
Lubor organizations constantly endeavoring to flnd suitable positions for
[-.'turned soldiers and feeling horo very
bitter over citizens and returned men
discharged to mnke room for imported
labor,      "VICTOR R. MIDGLEY."
(*) The a dotation is not literally ren-
4t>rodt J;i this form, however, it is per
baps less shrti;hing to unduly sensitive
our.--, though undoublcdjv Inrking In nm-
phUfifi.
Opposition Member Opens
Up Big Offensive With
Little Results
Sir Sam Hughes, who himself is no
slouch when it comes to looking after
his friends in war-time, recently elucidated a new point when, in connection
with the Victory Loan, he claimed thnt
speculators and  brokers had made six
million dollars in tho process permitted
of converting former war issues into,
the latest loan.   He waxed sarcastic at j
the government, to some of whom he)
attached the qualifications for a county
council.   Was the renl aim to win the
war  or  help  certain   people   maintain
control of the munitions business and
thc money raised by the government?
Thea Sir Sam produced n long list of
what ho regarded as pre-eminent failures, with the national service propaganda as a starter. As good results, he
added, could hnve been secured, more
expeditiously and with minimum expense, had the Militia Act replaced the
Military Service Act. He pictured Dominion policemen riding up and down
the country arresting everybody in
sight ns supposed deserters. He wns
recently apprehended himself in Toronto. Tbe war lecture bureau came in for
custigation as a needless thing, and Sir
Sinn incidentally wanted to know tl*!
"hidden hand" in the government who
had appointed as director of it, and of
public information, the mnn who, ho
said, had maligned him.
An attack on the overseas ministry
nf militia as unnecessary and ns headed
by a man "with no reputation to
blight," and n forecasted failure nf the
coming manhood registration were
other features of the general's offensive. His utterances nppenred to prodigiously please the opposition.
Street Bailway Employees
Business Agent P, A, Hoover, who
hns just returned from Winnipeg,
where lie wns representing the Interim
tion union, reports thai practically all
the demnnds made bv the Winnipeg
street rnihvaynien for better -working
conditions hnve been grantod. The mat-
tor of two cents per hour incrense in
wnges had previously been agreed upon,
going into effoct May 1 nnd to run for
one year.
Increased Cost of Producing:
The Federationist Abo
a Factor
[By A. 8. Wells]
(Socretary B. C. Federation of Labor)
VICTORIA, May 16.—The B. C. Federation of Labor executive has decided
that tho amendment to the constitution,
to raiso the per capita tax for the purpose of supplying the affiliated membership with copies of The FederationiBt
each weok, will not be made effective.
Following the meeting of directors of
Thc B. 0. Federationist, Ltd, held in
Vancouver on May i, it was decided to*
take a vote of the executive aa to
whether the amendment, as above,
should be made effective. The vote of
the executivo is ngainst the amendment
becoming effective. ,    ,
The reasons for this course being
adopted are as follows:
While the referendum vote was largely in favor of the proposal, only something like 50 per cent, of the afflliated
organizations voted on the question.
The voting strength of the Federation- at the time the referendum wae
taken, wns over 12,000. The vote cast
in. favor wos 2870, against, 767. Number of unions voting, 48, as follows: In
favor,35, ngainst 13. .
This shows plainly that only about
> per cent, of the afflliated members
voted on the question.
District 18, of the United Mine
Workers, asked to be exempted from
tho extra per capita tax, as thoy intend
re-establishing tho Fernie District Ledger, which was formerly run by this
organization.
j In addition to the abovo reason, there
Uro other considerations, the chief of
these being in the cost of production
of the paper, and it was felt by both,
the executive and by the directors of
the paper, that it was useless to run
the paper on anything olse than business lines, and that thc 60 conts per
member por yoar would not, at the present eost of production, covor the cost
of tho pnper.
With theso facts boforo them, ond
also recognizing the fnct thnt the Fedoration would lose considerable of its
affiliations, should thc chnnge be mnde,
it wns felt thnt both In tho interests of
flic pnper und thc Federation ns well,
thnt tho mntter should rcmnin in nboy-
iinco until the noxt convention.
Other amendments adopted become
effectivo nt once.
Ml nfllliuted bodies will, within the
next few dnys, bc in receipt of f,ill par*
| ticulSVs of the circumstances which
mndo this course imperative. The executivo is sorry that this course hnd to
be adopted und believes thnt it will be
in the best, interests of all concerned,
nnd feels thnt thoso organizations desiring tho paper will continue to support
it at the present rates to organizations,
viz., $1 por member per yenr.
ANOTHER FIREMAN ADDED
TO   THE  UST   OF   DEAD
Twenty-Six Hundred Men Temporarily
Idle as Result of Big Shipyard Fire
William J. Cameron was added to the
list of firemen killed in Vancouver during tho pnst week, as tho result of n
big firo at tho Coughlan shipyards Wednesday morning. Thc lire started from
an explosion of nn acetylene lank in
the boilcrshnp and quickly spread until
the yurds were n mass of flumes. Fireman Cameron, who lost his life, was
killed by falling limbers from the
crane at the entrance to thc yards. Two
other firemen wero^ injured. The loss,
amounting to over '$1,500,000, is covered by insurance and wns the biggest
lire 111 thirty years. Twenty-six hundred men were made temporarily idle,
wilh u payroll stoppod of approximately
475,000 per week. Tli-fcompnny, how'-
ever, expeels tu hnve all men at work
ngnin by Monday, One steel ship, the
War Chariot, which was 75 per cent,
plated, was almost completely 'do-
stroyod, while another ship, the War
Charger, had Its steal sides badly
buckled, William .1. Cnmoron, the fireman who met his death, was horn at
Hatborington, Montreal, 8*i years ngo.
Ho was singlo und joined tho brigade
in December, 1017,
Machinists No, 777
Fifteen now membors were Initial
at a well-attended meeting. The locnl
voted favorably upon an ngrcomcnl lie*
tweon the I. B. K. W. nnd iho I* A. M,
dealing with a demarcation and juris*
diction of work. After hearing a
lengthy ond explicit report from n committee on the financial condition of the
Labor Temple Compnny, Ihe loclll voted
not to tnke nny of the shares.
Teamsters
The Teamsters' union is now well
pasl thc 000 membership and every*
thing progressing favorably. An attempt is being made lo organize the
milk-wagon drivers, Several womon
who aro driving these wagons nre enthusiastic about forming n union, but
tho male of Ihe species docs not look
upon tho plan with very much fnvor.
lie seems lo be considering tho welfare of his employer instead of his own.
Steam and Operating Engineers
Eight new members were initiated
at 0 well -attended meeting of tho
Stoam uu.l Opqrating Engineers, reports
Business Agent Alexander. A new wage
scale has been adopted for engineers
employed in mills on n bnsis of eighi
and time 'Hid it half for over-
Noltces are being sent out tol
irs nnd loci! union members lo
me oucet Ihut tl. * new sonic will be
eome etfective Jui e 20.
lo,
time.
cropl
No Strike at Powell Biver'
^ There is no strike nn nl Powell Itiver.
For some renson or other such a report
was circulated umong the employment
agency sharks on tho "ekidway" Wednesday. Negotiations arc under way
lor revised wage schedules, il is true,
bnt, as in always Ihe case In a union
camp, these nro being carried on arnica**
bly botwoen tho niaaugomcnl of the
company and thc union oflicinls.
The workors of Canada are surely
paying denrly for Iheir colossal stupidity at tho last federal olection
Vancouver now possesses a milk
trust, a bread truBt, a laundry
trust, nlmoHt a transportation
trust and othors in ihe making
As speedily us lliese industries
reach that singe, of development
they should be made Ihe property
of the municipality and operated
for thc public good. All ihe oeo*
nomies of trust methods would
thus be iffoctod, and none of the
disadvantages of the competitive
system of carrying on business to
handicap (lie operators. Vancouver's great mliliicipnllvowncd
waterworks system is one of the
bost illustrations of the prutlM*;
I'llilf of a programme of inuniri
palizaiion. What Vancouvor
needs is more of il. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY. .......May 17, 1918
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
OBOOEEIES
Bardinos, 3 for 25c
Pork and Boans, 3 for...'.. 26c
Small Whito Beans, 2 lbs. 25c
Marrowfat Oroon Pons, 2
lbs. for       25c
Fels Naphtha Sonp, 3 for.. 25c
Seeded Raisins, per pkt.... 10c
Tomatoes, largo cans, 2 for 35c
Tomatoes, small cans 15c
Worcestershire Snuco 3 for 25c
Boiled OatB, 6-Ib. pkg  46c
Pears, largo cans, 20c
PROVISIONS
Sinter's Sliced Bacon, lb... 40c
Slater's Special Sliced Bacon, por lb 45c
Finest Shamrock Lard, lb 85c
Oleomargarine, por lb 35c
Finest Boot Dripping, lb.. 30c
Strong Choose, por tb 30c
Mild Cheese, 2 lbs 56c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Finest Streaky Bacon, in 2
and 3-lb. pieces.   Saturday only at, per lb. 87'/**c
SLATER'S
131 Hastings Street East  Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street   Fairmont 1683
On Sale Saturday
$35.00 MEN'S PURE WOOL WEST OP ENGLAND
NAVY BLUE SERGE SUITS—Guaranteed shape-
keeping and absolutely fast indigo dye as long as
you wear one.  Saturday—
$25.00
ARNOLD 8. QUIGLEY
"THE STORE THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY"
546 GRANVILLE STBEET
High-grade Hats in Every Likeable
Shape and Shade
Largest and most completo stock in
the city to choose from, including sterling union-made Hats. Drop in for a
"try-on" toddy.
SOFT FELTS AND DERBIES
$3.00 up to $6.00
EVERYTHING IN CAPS, $1 to $2.60
Richardson & Potts
LIMITED
417 Oranvllle St.    Near Oor. Hastings
For Over 28 Years
Wo have been with you; clothing you sinco you were a boy;
now we are clothing the second generation.   During that time
we believe we have established a reputation for giving the public a square deal.   We have Men's suits from $20 to $45.
BOYS' SUITS from $4,50 to $17.50
Carhartt Overall and Union Suits, Shirts and Working Gloves
in great variety.
We stand behind every garment we sell.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 315 HASTINOS ST. W.
. . The . .
Observation
Car
is now making regular trips around the city-
leaving Robson and Granville at 10 a.m., 2, 4
and 7.30 p.m.
Visits English Bay, Stanley Park, Shaugh-
nessy Heights, Hastings Park, residential and
industrial sections.
THE EVENING TRIP
is a delightful way to renew your acquaintance with the city.
ROUND TRIP FARE 25 CENTS
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Sey. 5000
GROUP OF UNION OFFICIALS IN SHIPBUILDING TRADES
DUNCAN McOALLTTM
Machinists
J. BROMFIELD
Shipwrights and Caulkers
J. H. CARMICHAEL
Boilermakers
W. A. ALEXANDER
Steam and Operating Engineers
Tlje Infinitude of £Mind
****** ****** ****** ***K*K**
And Mind Slavery
[By  Nemesis] <
Wo have all at some timo or anothor, on
a clear, still night, upturned our gaze to that
night arch of beauty nnd of mystory and havo
marvelled, nnd in tho awful presence of tho
Eternal, wo havo realized the microscopic
naturo of our lives and tho uttor insignificance uf our earthly doslrcs and ambitions
and the realization has chastened us to our
betterment.
In contemplating the Infinite, it Ib well to
note the limitations of our feeble finite
aensos. Our senses of sight, and hearing, respond only to a very limited number of vibrations to tho socond. Think then of the
millions of sights and sounds which impinge
upon our oyes that seo them not and upon
our ears that hear them not. Truly In our
dim perception of things, wo see through a
glass darkly.
But man, calling mind to his aid, has dis
covered many things unrecorded by his unaided senses. He looks upon that dome of
night, and ho noes a host of brilliant points
of light, but the telescope and enmera havo
added many millions moro to his knowladgo,
Hnd IiIb reason suggests to him that there are
countless millions Btill boyond tho reach of
those instruments of search—'Countless millions whoso fires roar nnd rago as far as
space extends and space can have no limit.
Think of it.
But through till that unimaginable cosmos,
awe-inspiring to tlio finite contemplation,
Law, infinite Law, works persistently, unvaryingly, minutely and guides that unnumbered host of suns and satellites, each in its
own orbit, safely, surely and unceasingly.
Ponder on It.
And as our earth and accompanying planets
are bold in their allotted orbits by the perfect
balancing uf the sun'B attracting energy, and
their own centrifugal force, may it not well
be thnt tbo whole uf tlmt infinite host of
fiery orlrn aud thalr attendant satellites, are
held in the same way, oach in Its VttBt orbit,
by the attraction of one tremendous central
mass   round  which  tbey  nil  r.-volvc -as   pre-
' loly and as perfectly (is our earth around
e sun or our moon around the earth I
Hut awe-inspiring as Is tlie contemplation
of thoso unnumbered suns rotating and ra-
'diving,  age  nftor  age,  with  absolute  predion in tlin-3 and place, the effect is trivial ns
onipnred  with that Which we feel when WO
Kempt to think of tbat Infinite mind whicb
roaches,   directs  and  controls  through   those
miti'd COSmio spaces unerringly, ceaselessly, eternally.
Bv-ary detail of movemont in thai whole
lOSinos; the ethereal pulsations shivering
from sun to sun and connecting each with
all; each pulsating atom iu alt lliosn countess masses of molten fury; each silent,
toady swing along those undevlatttiK orbits;
■acli vibration of the glossy wing of Insect;
noli muscular contraction of the lowest point
of microscopic life In the seething slime;
each turn of wheel and beat of wing; each
and every motion, great nnd small. In all
living things ami Inanimate masses in each
aud every part of the known nnd tho unknowable cosmit*. nre the direct nnd logical
results of the working of the numerous and
Interacting laws of that Infinite and/all-em-
brnclng mind.
And man hns been endowed with mind
nnd ns mind cannot vary in kind, but unly
In degree, mnn therefore is tho possessor of
eternal, Infinite mind of the snme Itind as the
great controlling mind. Let us see how he
hnn employed that precious gift, which should
have raised him, here on earth, to a level
with the angels of God.
Tho earth is an iibal and desirable dwelling place for man, and it is only mnn him-
elf thnt has made It a place of torment and
slough of misery.
Hs surface of mountain, vnlloy, plain nnd
eean, Us folidgo nnd Us flowers givo It n
aried benuly of form nnd color which delight his eyes; Us free and over circulating
tmospbere envelops Ills body In n soft yet
stimulating medium; the ripple and tho roar
of its waters, lbe songs of ils birds and tho
rush and rustle of its breezes make dallghtfUi
music to bis ears; the fragrance of the for*
.■sts and tlio tlowers fill his nostrils with
Might; the soil Is abundantly prolific and
yields food hi plenty for nil; the fibrous
growths of the animal nud vegetable kingdoms supply him with raiment nnd to spare;
the foresls yield him mnterinl for bis homes
nnd the rocks at his touch disgorge thoir
minerals for his service.
.Surely n being endowed with mind nnd
habiting a world yhldlng, comforts and
luxuries in such abundance should havo
volvod for himself a social system which
.'ould have ensured plenty and happiness
for all.
The working of law In self-conscious organ-
Isms, Is a mystery and lis results can not
Iways be explained.
Kroin the cradla of our race down nil the
ages thero hnve appeared at Intervals, individuals physically and menially moro highly
developed than their fellows.
One can easily, Imagine how a primitive
man with double the strength of his neighbors would gain ascendency over them, and
►as choson lender, would be n valuable nsset
to the trlbo -in their relentless struggle with
tho terHbh forms of wild lifo which thou
menaced them.
But ns man evolved nnd mnde progress,
nnd ho began to lead n more settled and less
precarious existence, this tendency of Inw to
produce abnormal specimens began to work
out to his disadvantage. For nges tbo physical giant would still rule, but ns tribes grew
Into peoples, mere Individual physical
strength wuuld find it necessary to call In n
more subtle means of securing tho absolute
control so much loved by the semi-savage
ruler and so thc mental giants were called
In as they appeared to the aid of tho
rulers.
From time immemorial the aim of tho ruling clnsses of the earth hns been, not how to
make the most of their inheritance of mind
for the benefit of the whole rnce, but rather
how to subjugate the masses and appropriate
for themselves the greater bulk of tho earth's
comforts and the whole of its luxuries, nnd
It must bo S'.'knowledged tbey hnve Bucceeded
admirably in their design,
The simple mind of primitive mnn was
easily influenced; surrounded by a thousand
mysteries, his child-mind accepted tho explanations of the more advanced minds, who
had his subjugation always In view and witchdoctors, dovil-mongers aud other absurdities
kept him over In mental and physical subjection.
As the ages fled nnd knowledge nud enlightenment grew, the same process was continued though the means employed advanced
with the advancing times. It is not necessary to enumerate every means employed In
the great age-long scheme of mind subjection.
Perhaps the most subtb and successful hns
been the method uf suggestion, which hns
been carried on with great deliberation nnd
persistency first by so called ministers of religion, who succeed'd Ihu wifch-doclors, and
afterwards by the mlnislers of publicly-controlled educational systems.
Mnny of the ideals cherished by the human
nice today for which millions are ready to
suffer and die to maintain, may lie only the
results of this suggestion repealed through
tho generations by an Interested ruling class
and not worth suffering for nt all; Indeed
they may be In direct antagonism to moral
law.
Of course, many of these ideals nro good
and true, but it behooves ■each nnd nil of us
to examine thom minutely under the micros-
cope of our reason, and by n mental winnow-
Ing process separate the grain from the
chnff. Surely there n ivcr was a time* in the
iiffnirs of men when this winnowing process
was more necessary than at present. To do
Ibis is n duly as simple and as imperative as
that of taking cure of the body, for with the
gift of mini) smdy enme Individual responsibility, nnd to allow that mind to be siibju*
gated to ils disadvantage is nn unforglvonble
crime  against  the infinite mind.
A system of instruction (I. e., suggestion)
hns been invariably adopted when one of education or drawing out and expanding should
have bom employed, and would hnvo boen
employed had there not hnve been n sinister
design underlying it nil.
Do you think it possible tlint under a righteous and logical system of education a
whole nation, each individual of which wns
tho pnss'ssor ut a spark from that great otar-
nnl mind, could havo been trained, ns in the
case of Germany, to such a pitch of hatred
towards its neighboring fellow creatures that
its one dopo—madness in its intensity—
was to cohquor nnd rulo thorn nnd when
oaeekod in their Insane ambition, to exhibit
ii ferocily of cruelty unique in the annals of
n world'of cruelty 1
And do you not think that when thc individuals of tlmt nation—nnd otber nations—
realise ihe barbarous nnd insulting manner
in whicli tbey ),nv.- been I rented In this respect by their rulers to further their own selfish desire-., there will be a dny—a terrible
day of reckoning and refrlbutiotiT
EXAtnlnnd under the microscope of renson,
how farcical become such beliefs ns the divine right of kings; *-<„ir betters'* as Inculcated in the suggestion, "to order myself
humbly nud reverently Inforo my betters'*—
"betters" meaning not men of moral superiority, lint any titled blnckgunrd, monlod
monster or mitred grafter tbnt might govern,
employ or instruct mo for fhe time being**
Can any one Imagine n grenter crimo
ngninst the eternal mind tlmn tho elevation tn
n classic of the wondering, thundering, blundering doggerel from which Is culled lho
following gem;
"Theirs not to reason why,
Theirs but to do or die," etc.
It Is ours to reason why. It Is our duty to
reason why; ns much a duty to our minds as
il is n duty to our bodies Ln wash our flesh.
But cnn yon not Fee how after n generation
or two ol the learning and repenting of thnt
blaspheml:. there will be bred Individuals
who wlllFseo an overlastlng crown nf honor
In giving1* thai dying, without thinking obBdi-
ence to tllelrf superiors'•' and "bettors!"
So  pffrsltlf)  Is  this power  of  suggestion
ANGUS PBASEE
Boilermakers
W. HARDY
Shipyard Laborers
that it hns been said that a liar always ends
In believing his own lies If often enough repeated.
One could, of course, enumerate many more
examples of this insidious process by which
tbo mind ot man haB been diverted from Its
true function nnd subjugated so that while
wo think we nre thinking, we may bo onl;
re-echoing the suggestions ot soma medieval
grafter.
Luok aruund today at tho results of this
mind-slavery upon tlio humnn raco!
The vast majority of both sexes toil in
repulsive and Insanitary surroundings, double
nnd treble the timo necessary to produco
what tbey receive In the way of food, shelter
nnd clothing, while thoir "betters" array
themselves In line raiment, seat themselves at
tables which gronn under thoir londs of lux
iirles, nnd are cnrrled about the world on
cushions, over wheels nnd springs in which
vibration has been rednced to a mere nothing.
It would, I fancy, be difficult to convince
nn inhabitant of any other planet of tho
whole universe thnt hore on the enrth th,
producers go short of the things tbey pro
duce nnd the slackers In life's battle reap tht
rich harvest, Yet so It is. and the only wny
a small minority hns been able to exploit a
largo mnjority fn this manner, is by tho successful working of this subtle, well-considered
syBtem of mind subjugation.
AFTER SUPPER
BY TOM  PLAYTON
There wero three wicked cobblers nnd
they lived in Chatham, Ont. Vory
wicked fellows they were! One of
them hud n couple of lusts and they
hnd un awl between them. What do
you think they did I They pooled their
resources in u dastardly combine to
raise the cost of hulf-soluigl But thc
nice, thoughtful, paternal government
got wind of it in time und got right
down to business. It wasn't going to
stand for such an imposition on the
poor working brother. Not on your
life! So, on December 13, lillfi, the
Minister of Labor sent a stern lotter
to these three terrible cobblers, in
forming thom thnt nny ngreement for
the fixing of prices wns punishable by
law. And that wns the end of the
combine of the cobblers of Chatham.
Good work, eh? You bot! But the
puce was too strenuous. This suine
nice, thoughtful, paternal government
got tired. And when thut worthy aristocrat, Sir Joseph Wesley Flavelle,
baronet, worked up u nice littlo million
aire juggle between thc Imperinl Mu
nitidis Board, Ihe Northern Electric
und the British Munitions Bourd, Ltd.,
it was so exhausted that nil it oould
do was to tell the Groat Ones in London, England, nil ubout it; and the
Great Ones, not knowing what to make
of it all, created Joseph a baronet, and
so thought to get rid of tho whole
blamed nuisance.
Unfortunately, this worthy aristocratic brother is retained us head of tho
Imperinl Munitions Bonrd, entrusted
with thc spondlug of $1,000,000 a day
of thc monoy of the peoplo of Canada.
And the pooplo remember thc Toronto
profiteering and the Winnipeg chickens that went to thc incinerator because their prico didn't go high before
they did. So, ou tho 2nd of this
month, Mr. D. D. Mackenzie, North
Capo Breton, nskod this nice, thoughtful, paternal government whnt it was
going to do nbout it. Wonder if it has
recovered sufficiently from tho exhaustion of tho chastisement of the cobblers of Chatham to get in somo more of
it's good  work.
Talking of tho profiteering baronet
brings to mind tho mun who showed
him up—O'Connor. Ho lost his job, of
courso. Out on tho street for him! Ho
was making altogether too much work
and bother for everybody; and no
plute'a nerves cauld stand tho strain
of the perpetual thought "If it's Flavelle today, maybe it h mo for tomorrow. ''
To change the subject—only n little, though—Toronto Snturdny Night
toils, last week, that the intelligent
population of tho allied countries arc
pretty well fed up on propaganda. It
cannot understand tho official renson
that all this is necessary to keep up tho
morale; that it is absolutely necessary
tti swallow a pack of lies overy 24
hours,  hot  from  tho   London   battle-
front, if ono would keep from getting
down-hearted. It points out a specific
instance of this "foolery," as it calls
it. "When Canada spent freely of
her rjien to defend the Tpres Balient
and and Langemarck, wo were told
that those places were of paramount
importance from a strategical standL
point. When the troops are obliged
to back out of some of these positions
under pressure from the Germans, wc
aro calmly told that they were of no
importance, and that we didn't want
them, anyhow. Never had wanted them
for that matter.'' This worthy contemporary iB reminded of the fable of the
boy and the wolf, and remarks, in conclusion, that some day the censors will
allow the truth to be told and no one
will take any stock in it. Poor old
Toronto Saturday Nights-only now
waking up to all the flubdub and flummery about! And tho world so full of
it that thero is hardly room for anything else!
J. P. Morgan recently gave $25,000
worth of Liberty Loan bonds for a
German-spiked holmot. He then roturned it for re-sale and Mr. Petor Doolfeer
came across with $100,000 for it. Ho
also returned it for re-sale. This timo
somo banking syndicate loosened up to
tho extent of $250,000. A whole lot
of peoplo nobody knows anything
about had that money taken from them
first, though. It's now time for the
common or garden variety of burglar
to divvy up his Bwag for "tho cause."
'If the socialists had been in control
of the governments of Germany, Austria, Prance, England and Bussia, how
many rivers of blood, how many oceanB
of tears, would have beon aparod the
world. How much moro joyous mankind might be today!" So spoko Mr.
Morris Hillquit at a socialist gathering
in New York recently. He's heading
for trouble, all right, with U. S. democracy at the wheel. Fancy the effrontery of the man saying what he
thinks these days!
• t   *
The Shah of Fersin has some
kitchen! The Hotel Gazette estimates
that tho cooking utensils and the movable apparatus are worth all of $2,500,-
000. It seems the dish covers are of
gold, liberally adorned with precious
stones, and that even the coal shovels
are of gold-plated silver. There are
lots of plutocratic kitchens in this
country with an abundance of cooking
utensils, though thoy may not be
studded with diamonds nnd rubies and
are not worth anything liko two and a
half million bucks. Perhaps, the scullery hands arc putting most of them
away until the food restrictions arc
abolished.    Perhups—and perhaps not.
# *   t
Tho salary of the prime minister of
Ontario has been increased from $9,000
to $12,000 a year. Tho Vancouver civic
employees havo just had 25 cents a
day tacked on to theirs.
Speaking of salaries, there is a bill
beforo parliament to provido for the
appointment of a secretary, of stato for
external affairs, a minister of immigration and colonization, and a minister of
soldiers* re-establishment, at $7,000 a
yenr each. Three more men will thus
bo ablo to tido over this timo of rising
COBtS,
WELLINGTON, N. Z.—Tho revenuo of
Now Zealand for the past year shows a
surplus  over expenditure of £5,085,000.
Belgian and French farmers aro collecting rent from the British governmont for
tbeir lands in which trenches have been
dug.
Threo G. T. It. trainmen woro scalded
when their locomotive exploded near Grnnnn-
otjuo Junction. Tho injured men are John
Skolcher, engineor, and Howard Bertram,
fireman, Belleville, and Bertram Chambers of Hharbot Lake. Brakeman Chambers
is tho most seriously injured of tho three
men.
S. T.Wallace's
Marketeria
"You Benefit"
118 HASTINGS W.
Sey. 784 and 1266
Rogers' Golden Syrup, 4 lbs. 44c
Wine Sup Apples, No. 1
grade, per box $2.75
Pacific Milk, per lin  lie
Clark's Soups, 2 for  25c
Canada First Pork & BoanB,
per tin   10c
Prepared Chicken, large tin.. 60c
Prunes, per lb  10c
Salmon, pink, Vj-lb. tins  12c
Quaker Oats, cubes  28c
Table Syrup, nt, per bottle... 41c
Sweet Clover, per lb  30c
MEAT SPECIALS
Splendid  stock of veal  at
Hpeciul week-end prices,
Try Saturday shopping for your
houso supplies at Wallace's juat
onco. Then you'll become ono of
our increasing host of regular customers.
'S. O. S." (Savo Our Supplies)
—Canada Pood Board.
J, Piriiimint O. Torcott
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—fWSLVB NBW TABLES—
(Bnuwlok-Bilko Collender Oo.)
—HMdqnuteH for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccos,   Cigars   and
Ciganttfi
Only Waite Holp Employed
42 Hastings St. East
ABOUC!
acco.
SALE  IN  THE
HOSIERY
DEPARTMENT
0
Lisle Silk Stockings, in fine
quality, black or white. Reg.
50c pair; 3 (tM   AQ
pairs for <pJ..ttO
Ladies' Fine Cotton Hose,
black or white. Reg. 35o per
pair, 4 pairs
for  !	
$1.00
Fibre Silk Stockings, damaged a little; these are regular $1 stockings that we
sell at 85c because a heavy
thread1 appears somewhere
in each pair. This does not
affect their durability; black
and white only; all sizes.
Sale price, CO*»
Pair  Ot/C
Saba Bros.
Limited
~he Silk Specialists
862 GRANVILLE STRUT
"Empress Coffee" is packed in
a double-lined, sanitary, paper
container—a new war package.
Therefore, you pny for no tin,
which would add 10 cents to its
cost.
"Empress" is packed in tho
whole bean to preserve its full
strength and flavor, and never
deteriorates when ground. If
you haven't a mill, your grocer
will gladly grind it for you. The
same ideal Coffee that has always
bpen sold under a money-hack
guarantee. .
ASK FOB THIS DELICIOUS
COFFEE TODAY
(At All Orocers)
THE UNION
TOOL SHOP
When you get your ordor from
your Union for tools destroyed in the great Coughlan fire, bring it to the
Union'Shop, tho only hardware store in Vancouver-
that makes a specialty of
Tools For
All Trades
We havo just received a new stock
of the celebrated Drew calking
mulL'ts and irons. Here Is the
list with prices:
CALKING MALLETS
Each
Drew's  "Mlsqnit"   $10.00
Drew's "Live Oak," No. 'J-0   7.50
Drew's "Live Oak," No. 2-0   6.50
CALKING   IRONS
Drew's Best Quality, Bont....l2.25
Drew's Best Quality, Regular 2.00
Wd liavo also a stock of Deck,
Spike and Sharp Calking Irons.
J. A. Flett Ltd.
The Union Shop
339 Hastings St. W.
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver'
Replete in every detai:
41 Hutlngi Strut Wilt
THB SERVICE OF THB  TELEPHC I
Dependability  Is  tho  result  of  eir*. I
ment,   service  and  organization.     Ti f
threo essentials make the telephone v I
It Is.   In fow linos docs development
improvement tako placo more const a ]
than In the telephone business, and c*
Improvement tends toward a better ut .
for tho uso of the publlo.
Service depends on organization,
both In tho measure that tho needs ofl I
community oro recognized. The Br'T
Columbia Telephone Company, being i \\
ed and managed by British Columblvi
close touch ts always had with reqyA
menta in all parts of tho territory. }|
aim Is to have the tolephono as service) I
to possible, to always meet what den I
may he made upon it.
B. 0. Telephone Company, II
THE LONDON CRlf
7 <">■-> robson sr
1 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiu mid aat—as wt-
ohbu mtnunoa or uaoa
THNTHYEAR.   No.
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 17,1918
EVERYBODY admires a good sot of teeth. The man
or the woman with good teoth may justly be proud
of them. Missing teeth should be replaced at once, not
only for the sake of the appearance, but as a precaution
against undue strain on those that are left.
Missing Teeth Are a Menace to the Health
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered, are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 5444
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOBISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STORES—2
48 Hastings Street Bast, Sey. 988*673 — 728 Qranvllle Street, Se;. 9513
SAM M. SCOTT
THE BOYS' CLOTHING SPECIALIST
! Granville Street Seymour 5715
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
aoi Domnox Bun-onto
CORNER CAMBIE AHD HASTINOS STREETS
RING UP SETMOUB 2364 FOB APPOINTMENT
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
I ASTUTE TONKIN
ASARXEROF
How Swag Is Divided Betwixt Dear Brothers
Cappy and Labby
On Compelling Food Hogs
to Disgorge Their Ill-
gotten Plunder
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, B. C, May
14.—The tactics of one John H; Tonkin
are very interesting to the mine workers of this island. Wc are pleased to
notice that he is still in form, in his
shipyard commission minority report.
He claims that the shipyard workers
are not entitled to the 10 per cent, increase, and judging from past experiences with this gentleman, I must congratulate the shipyard workers upon
tho fact of their not huving to bo made
subject fo Mr. Tonkin's ruling, for the
miners of this burg were working for a
wage more than 10 per cont. below the
prevailing rate in the district for some
considerable timo, and had to put up a
hard light to get the current wages, so
it is not to be wondered at our old
friend sticking on the 10 per cent.. We
are thinking of calling him "ten por
cent." in future, instead of John H,
I also notice that he is heavy on conscription of slaves for essential industries, but I have searched very diligently, and so far have fnilcd to note that
he would also conscript wealth. He
claims that $.3.60 per day is sufficient
for a common laborer. To those fortunate humnn boiugs who are not acquainted with his nibs, all this may
soilnd o. k., but those of us who have
known him "to our sorrow," are inclined to treat his minority report as
piffle. I can fully understand his plea
for reduction of cost of production;
that would mean more profit for John
H., nnd believe me, he has managed to
keep the wolf from the door and hasn't
done it on $3.60 a day either. My mind
goes back to tho timo when he Bhowed
us his bank book. Ho showed ua where
he had met tho month's payroll out of
his private account. It would take a
good many $3.60's to make ap thot
wad. I also note that ho has a palatial
residence down the line, soniewhere near
Shawnigan lake, which is unoccupied
nearly all tho year. Why not conscript
that for a convalescent homo for return*
ed Boldiers?
Need of Conscript Labor.
An advertisement was run in Thc
Federationist some time ago, asking all
and sundry to invest in the East Sooke
copper mines. This proposition was
guaranteed to give a net profit of $6
per ton, the gross return being $9. Hero
we hnve a fair division. Labor, etc.,
$3; capital $6, and we notice among the
"Walk Upstairs and Save Ten"
77 Genuine Scotch Tweed Suits
Now Here—Every One a "Rale Maekay"
FRAE the braw Scottish borders; from the looms of Hawick, Jedburgh,
Galashiels and Peebles comes a belated shipment of "honest to goodness,"
pre-war Scotch tweed suits. Maybe not designed according to tbe latest dictates of fashion—just a wee bit conservative—but, man, they're sure made o'
the real stuff, To purchase them now is practically impossible. The wholesale price being more than we now ask retail. Custom tailors would charge
not less than $50—the other retailers $35 to $40.   I offer them for—
Guaranteed
FIT
Alterations
FREE
NOT a special sale event, but a usual occasion. The Robinson buying facilities, quantity turnovers and low operating expenses make such values
possible, These suits are but a fraction of several hundred picked up
last year by me, and now just arriving in Vancouver, And once again you
reap the benefit. They are two and three-button regulars, in tans, greys,
browns and fancy mixtures.—If you want one of these guaranteed real Scotch
all-wool tweed suits, get a move on—look them up now.
My Guarantee ■
If you cnn duplicate elsewhere my i|21 clothes for
less than ♦90 to .1.32, and my $25 clothes for less
thnn *35, COME BACK AND GET YOUB' HONEY
I Give 10% Discount
To Returned Soldiers
Robinson* Ckhes Shops
SUITS,OVERCOATS
Tho Largest  Exclusive/;
VANCOUVER
WINNIPEG
OTTAWA
TORONTO
MONTREAL
Two Stores
RAINCOATS .DRESS SUITS
,1 Clothiers   in Canada
VANOOUVER
CORNER HASTINGS
AND RICHARDS STS.
(Over World Offlce)
Entrance 441 Hastings St.
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED OR MONEY REFUNDED
OFFICERS Or TBE FEDERATED
LABOB PARTY
V President—Gordon J. Kelly,
Vanconver.
Secretary—W. B. Trotter, Labor
Temple, Vaneoaver.
Treasurer—Hiss Helena Out*
teridge, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver.
Vice-presidents — Victoria, J,
Dakers; Vancouver Island, T.
Westwell, South Wellington; Van-
couver, E. T. Kingsley, R. H. Neelands ; New Westminster, W.
Yates; Prince Rupert, Geo. B.
Casey; West Kootenay (north),
U, Kempster, Revelstoke; West
Kootenay (south), F. Peiurlll, Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas, Roberts,
Coltern; Similkatneen, W. Smith,
Hedley.
THE FEDERATED LABOR
PARTY Is organised for the pur-
fiost* of securing Industrial legls-
atlon, and for the colloctlve ownership and democratic operation of
the means of wealth production..
Tho membership fee is fixed at
fl per year, 50 oents of which
goes to the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expenses
of genoral organisation work.
The membership roll Is open In
each electoral dlstriot and all persons are invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of the organisation.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for further Information.
/!■ Ttl .„
\   Oltf, W.00 .
$1.60 PER YEAR
j
Four Firemen Are Killed in
Terrific Collision With
Street Car
philnnthropists who are so generously
giving their services t\$ directors, the
name of John H. Tonkin. No wonder
he wants conscription of labor, to lower
the coBt of production, when the workers and the et cetcras get the magnificent sum of $300, and leave tho poor
capitalist with a measly $600 to get on
with.
Plundering tbe Rich. *
While our old friend did not mention
anything about conscripting wealth, the
Vancouver World has reminded us that
wealth is conscripted. The World says
that the budget brought in at Ottawa
"is the inoBt thorough going plot to
confiscate the wealth of thc big interests that this continent has ever seen."
The unfortunate who has $75,000 a
year will only be loft with $63,750 a
year. Tbis tax will be graduated according to income and the man who has
$1,000,000 a year will have to givo up
$500,000 to his country and worry along
on a paltry $500,000 n yenr. Thc World
says: "This is drastic enough conscription of wealth, surely," It may seem
drttstic to our friend John Nelson of tho
World, but $500,000 a year or $2,083.33
1-3 for each working day looks kind of
lnrge against the $3.60 the shipyard
laborer is supposed to be worth.
Getting Easy Money,
Now, honestly, if wo had $1,000,000 a
year, wo would gladly give our country
90 per cent, and hustle like blazea to
spend thc $10,000 remaining. It scema
to be thc fashion nowadays for overy
celebrity, nonentity and no-good, to
tako a fall out of the working man, and
I had occasion last week to reprove one
of the aforementioned. Majah Cooper,
by name. I do not intend to disobey
the recent order-in-council and criticize
any of our statesmen, but Mnjnh
Cooper—well—if we were charged with
calling him a statesman, I would- certainly plead not guilty. He has been
mnking an awful howl ahout certain
working men getting anywhere up to
$12 a day, and I certainly agree with Mm
that this is terrible. A working innn
wh6 is doing nothing but build ships,
dig coal nnd generally perform tho no-
good function of producing thoso things
thnt satisfy human needs, to got anywhere up to $12 a day. Why it's preposterous, when such a great person as
Majah Cooper is only getting n measly
$22 a day, and is producing wind, hot
air, etc. We understand that our friend
is getting $257.70 a month ns commanding officer of the Shnughnessy Heights
convalescent hospital and, of course,
$208.66 2-3 a month as M. V., with extras for travelling, etc. Now, I have
had it drilled into mo that "no man
cnn servo two masters." Whether this
applies to politicians or not, I am not
fully prepared tn say, but oar friend,
the majah, is certainly holding two jobs
to the king's taste, although I can hardly understand hew a mnn ean hold two
jobs, one of them in Vuncouver and thc
other in Ottawa, nearly 3000 miles
away, unless one of thom is of such n
nature as would allow of its being
placed on file and if such is. the case,
$257.70 a month is pretty good pickings.
Food Control.
Woll, I suppose its a case of "to the
victor belongs the spoils." I notice
with alarm that nil the food hogs hnve
got to dig down in their panties and
return the sugar, flour, etc., that they
have got stowed away. Now we know
what fhe workers hnve been doing with
Ihe fabulous sums tlmt they have been
receiving in wnges. They have been
buying ap sugar and lighting fires with
It—tho wasteful brutes, and we nro
pleased to hear that the food controller
is going to force them to disgorge. 1
would suggest thut any sugur or flour
that the workers disgorge be served out
to some of tlie renl food hogs, becauso
ns far as I have seen, fhe average worker's pantry is just about big onough to
hold a few day's supply at the most,
and if he want's to store nny thing, he
generally puts it under the bod, ut the
back of the stovo, or some such olher
place, and in my opinion, their stock of
such supplies are n menace to health,
However, the powors that bc know best,
While I urn on the subject of sugnr,
I am reminded of a little incident that,
occurred on Monday, May 0. I was
aboard the boat, waiting to leave Vancouver. The boat was two hours' late
iu leaving, duo to so much freight being
loaded, a lnrge amount of sugur being
among it. This sugar was being shipped to a wholesale houso in Nanaimo,
and the next day the price of sugar
went up, but I understand it wont down
again four hours after. Somebody must
have got wise, but anyway an attempt
was made at profiteering, whieh is perfectly in order, for have not the workers in many instances obtained a raise
in wages?
Sir Hugh John Macdonald, Winnipeg
police magistrate, has ordered thc
wholosulo arrest of men engnged in
various employments under the Anti-
Loafing Act. Men doing work which
cnn equnlly well be done by women,
Sir Hugh, in offoct, has ruled, are not.
engaged in useful occupation. The judgment ulfocts men employed in conducting confectionery stores or clerk-
ing in grocery stores and the Btimo principle extends to dozen* of similar activities.
A Mile-long Cortege Escorts
the Dead to Their
Final Rest
Four more Vancouver fatalities wero
recorded at thc intersection of Commercial drive and Twelfth avenue at 4.03
o'clock Friday afternoon when a
Grand*iew street car inbound was
struck by a motor hose-wagon from No.
11 firehall. Tho terrific impact of the
two heavy vehicles scattered the crew
of five firemen in ovory direction. Four
died almost instantly, while the fifth is
seriously hurt but will recover.
The dead are Captain Richard Stains-
ley Frost, Liout. Colin McKenzie,
Driver Otis Fulton and Hoseman Donald Morrison. Hoseman TorquU Campbell is in hospital with a fractured jaw
and severe cuts and bruises.
Several accidents, with fatalities in
some cases, have occurred at this stroet
intersection and with the additional
toll of lives the intersection has been
called "Death Corner."
Captain Richard Stainsley Frost was
one of the pioneers of the department,
joining the forco March 1, 1900. Ho
was an Englishman, unmarried.
Ijieut. Colin McKenzie was a very
popular member of No. 11 firehall. Ho
wos a native of Scotland and was in
his 24th year. Ho joined the department in October, 1907.
Driver Otis Fulton, aged .35, joined
the force on November 6, 1915. He
was a widower and born in Canada.
Hoseman Donald Morrison vjas aged
33, and married. Ho resided at 949
Twenty-flfth avenuo east. He was a
Scotchman and joined the department
on August 2, 1933.
Hoseman Torquil Campbell, who was
so severoly injured in the crash, is a
married man. He joined tho fire department on October 30, 1911, but had
been out of the force for several
months, during which time he served
with the 231st Battalion. He was invalided out of tho battalion, but made
repeated efforts to re-enlist. He is n 1
piper in the battalion and iB very popular with a large cirelo of friends in the
city, who are hoping for his speedy recovery.
Vancouver paused in its labors Monday afternoon to pay final homage to
the four firemen killed in last Friday's
accident. Muffled drums and the plaintive skirl of funeral bagpipes ushered
through the city streets, a mile-long
cortege escorting a flower-laden fire
truck which bore the four caskets,
Every brunch of thc civic "blue
serge services" was represented, thousands lined thc streets nil along the
line of march and prncticnlly every
wheel of commercial and industrial activity was slowed and stopped ns the
four victims pnssed through the crowded city streets, Capt. R, 8. Frost, Lieut.
Colin McKenzie, Fireman Donald Morrison and Driver Otis Fulton, whose
lives ended in the performance of (heir
duty, were buried with eloquent tribute
amid touching public recognition of
their devotion and service.
As thc hook-nnd-ladder truck with
its burden of dead started from the
fire hall, the firemen's "Taps" cnll,
8-8-7, boomed mournfully from the bell
tower, whilo thc Salvation Army brass
band, with muffled drums, headed the
solemn procession behind Chief of Police McRae and his chief aides who
were mounted. Seventy city policemen and a platoon of Great War Veterans came next, followed by more thnn
100 uniformed B. C. Electric street car
men. These wero marshalled by Motorman ,T. Hncking, and included A. V.
Lofting and W. H. Cottrell, secretary
and president, respectively, of the
carmen's union.
Next cume n large detachment of
city firemen under Chief Cnrlisle und
Assistant Chief Thompson. These included contingents of firefighters from
Victoria, headed by Capt. DoddB nnd
Lieutenants Raymond and Smith, and
also from the suburban und rural departments. Chief Eborhar'dt and Cnpt.
W. Clark of South Vancouver also
marched, as did representatives from
neighboring districts. The police deportment bagpipe band followed with
the fire dispntch, and after an nuto-
mobile containing the clergy enme the
flower-laden book-mid-bidder truck
wilh thc dead. Automobiles containing the relatives nnil other mourners
followed, also a large number of private cars benring friends, the cily
council and other city officials who
attended  the services en  masse.
"Heath Comer" has earned its unenviable sobriqjet during the present
year since the terrible accident of Hun
dny, Janunry 20, when a Hudson Super
Six, iu which four people were riding,
was slruek by an interurbnn cnr.
.1. Kotlistcin, the driver of the automobile, was instantly killed. Mnrgaret
Ureig, a lO-ycnr-old girl, dying two
days later, while a third victim, Peter
Gronidas. succumbed shortly afterwards.
If the recommendation of Police
Chief William McKao regarding the
erection of an alarm signnl of some
nnturc at "Death Corner" had been
accepted, it is quite possible that the
accident would have been averted.
Shortly after the accident at this corner on January 20, when two men and
a woman were killed, tho chief iiclvo
onted before the lire find police committee of the city council that he regarded Ihe comer as a particularly
dangerous one and declnred that iu
view of the serious accident which had
occurred Ihere definite snfety measures
should bo adopted. His suggestion was
that a signal should be instnllcd to
warn motorists of the appronch of
street cars. Nothing was done with
the proposal.
The Western Union Telegraph company has locked out hundreds of its employees in the States for affiliating
willi the Commercial Telegraphers
union,
Trying to put one over
on the Union Men
Some malicious minded people have been saying among
the unions, that Carhartt's do not or cannot fill their orders, and that therefore, union men should buy Eastern-
made goods and so-called "Just as good" lines;
These are the stores where you arc safe againBt the
"Something just as good," because they carry Carhartt's
only:
DICKS LTD., 53 Hastings West
WM. DICK, Store No. 1, 33 Hastings East.
WM. DICK, Store No. 2, 47 Hastings East.
JEFFS & CO., 714 Main Street.
M. J. CAMERON, 6 Cordova West.
KERFOOT & HALL, 155 Hastings East.
CLUBB & STEWART, 315 Hastings West.
WRAY & McKEE, 52 Hastings West.
J. N. HARVEY, 127 Hastings West.
THE LONDON-STORE, 1051 Granville Street.
LEES & RAYBOULD, 1159 Granville Street.
They always have your size and color in your favorite
make, THE CARHARTT GUARANTEED OVERALLS,
WORKING GARMENTS AND GLOVES.
Even with the great scarcity of goods, we serve them
promptly, because that is serving you.
Hamilton Carhartt
Cotton Mills, Ltd.
(VANCOUVEB TOIT)
Specials for Friday and Saturday
WAR TAX EXTRA WHERE REQUIRED
.50
.as
.25
$1.00
.50
1.00
.20
Diajierisfn   	
Freezone   	
Mi mini's   Liniment   	
Knnogen 	
Fonnnmint 	
Reicl's    Syrup    HypophOB-
phitcH   	
Snap 	
Aspirin   Tablots,
iinu  dozen  	
Hold's Eczema Ointment.
Chime's   KItlnoy   &   Liver
gn,',
1*1118
i Bay Ruin  v	
. Raid's   CnNcarn   Tablets....
I Star   Hand   Cleaner   	
i Monnen's   Talcum   	
I flin   Pills   	
i Rold's Beef, Iron & Wine
i Tls 	
$1.00 Ntwatcd Iron  70
.25 Dentone Tooth Pasto  16
.50 California Syrup nf Pigs 43
.25 Rein"* Corn Cur?  20
.50 Chase's  Nerve Pood   36
1.00 Reld's Blnotl  Purifier 72
1.50 2-iit. Wonpoaco Hot Water
Bottle   $1.08
.50 PruitativoB    S3
t.50 Fellows'   Syrup    1.13
Genuine French Olive Oil—Uest grade
Oil—Bottles  35c, 66c, $1.10
Tins, iitinrt $1.00
Half gal $3.00   On.' gal  6.00
Kit   Dyes  for   tinting;   all   the
popular shades; pkg i0c
Brooks Baby Barley—Mb, tins....40c
8tf Hi. fins  $1.26
SOAP    SPECIALS— Sunlight.    Lifebuoy, Iviiry 4 for 26c
p'a'rj'  3 for 26c
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STORE:
405 Hastings Bt. W. phones Sey. 1065 & 1986
FIVE BRANCH STORES
I
UNION-MADE FOOTWEAR
Our Shoes are made to our order by reputable manufacturers, who employ
union labor, pay fair wages and furnish
their employees with sanitary surroundings.
WE'RE A UNION SHOE STORE
Our good union-made Shoes aro
the most profitable Shoes to buy.
Thoy coat you no more than ordinary Shoes and they will prove
to be far cheaper at the finish.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 OBANVILLE STBEET
A Well-dressed Man Is the Man Who Wears a
"T. & D." SUIT
the kind that always holds its shape, because only
the very best interlinings are used in its make-up
You can get them only from us, and they will not
cost you any more than the ordinary make Prices
$14.85, $18.85, $21.00, $26.50 and $31.50. '
For young boys, you can save $3.00 on each suit bv
buying them from us at $4.25, $5.50, $6.85, $8.85 and
$13.50.   Investigate these statements.
We offer special prices on Men's Work Shirts for
Saturday and following week, as well as a laree as-
We are agents for Peters* "Brotherhood" Overalls.
T. B. HILL
117 Hastings St. East . J.XVJ j J      lA/Ulb
irtu   urvlll»n   iJULUlVllilA   **J!JLIl!iKAT10JNllST
FRIDAY May 17, 1918
1B.C.
Publishod every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federation 1st, Limited
E. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription: #1.50 por year;    In Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
ln a body, $1.00
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hopo of tha World'
FRIDAY May ;7, 1918
THE CRUDE und 'unsophisticated
alchemists of tho middle agOB
wrestled mightily with ihe problem of transmuting the buser metals
into gold. They did not mako much
of a success of it. In
THE CUNNING spite of tlieir etrorls
ALCHEMY OF copper would remain
OAPITAL -copper,   lead    would
remain lead iindibrass
wpiild still persist in romaining brass.
But great advances huve been mnde in
all branches of scieneo since then. Many
strange transmutations have been mnde
possiblo. Truo it is that the mystery
of how to tninsmuto tho baser metals
into gold still romuins unsolved, but to
the financinl alchemists of this enlightened age muat be given the credit
of having discovered and simplified n
process whereby nothing cun acl.ially
be transmuted into figures and those
figures will possess tho power to transmute themselves into gold, silver, purple and line linen, mansions on enrth
as well as those located iu the sky, and
iu fact into all and sundry of tho
things either material or spiritual that
the possessor of these magical figures
may desire. And that is not all. Tho
transmutation doos not obliterate tho
figures. They not only remain, intact,
but others are added unto them on account of thc transmutation. That is
the»moro they aro transmuted thc greater
they become. Those modern alchemists
seem to have completely upsot and exploded tho ancient postulate, that
"something cannot bo gotten from
nothing." It seems that something
can bo gotten from nothing, if the
right way be tnkon to go about it,
and it is a very simple process at that.
* *        *
The.United Statos Steel Corporation
profits for the month of April amounted
to $31,000,000. This trifling sum is all
that was loft after everything had been^
"paid" for, including war taxes and"
all the rest. The capital of tho corporation owners wus increased by that
amount during tho month. That represents what Marx termed "surplus
value." As this $31,000,000 of new
capital accrued to the owners by the
same process whereby they previously
obtained .all that constitutes thoir "investment" in the corporation, a brief
tracing of the operations thut brought
this bravo array of figures during the
month in question will uncover tho apparent mysteries of tho alchemy of
capital and disclose its inner workings
to us in such a manner as to duly impress us with its extreme simplicity, as
well as tho simplicity of thc d jbs who
officiate as a sort of base metal in its
processes. In following the Steel Corporation process for the month in question we shall read the life story of all
capital and capitalist accumulation.
* # *
A very largo numbor of human beings who are shut out of all opportunity to otherwiso provide themselves
with the food, clothing and other
things that they must have/ or perish,
aro compelled to offer themselves in
service to the V. S. Steel Corporation,
the beneficiaries df which hold legal
control (that is control backed up by
all the powers of-the State) of the
resources .and mcchunicnl menus from
which anfl by which iron nnd steel are
made. They aro hired by tho Corporation and set to work taking ore from
the ground and converting it into tho
finished product. The purpose of theso
workera is to get tho wherewith to
enable thom to obtain food ere thoy
perish for the want of it. Now it so
happens that these workers, in conjunction with all the other workers of
tho world, produce by thoir labor all thc
goods, commodities, merchandise, that
appears in the markets of the world.
Being thus the producers, the creators
of all exchange value that appears in
the market, it is manifestly clenr that
they ennnot be puid for these products,
in case they pnrt with them. And thoy
do part with them, for they are taken
as thc property of the Steel Corporation, in this instance. As thore is
nothing in existence wherewith payment, can be made to the workers for
having produced these goods or commodities, they must either bo forcibly
seized, or obtained through subterfuge.
Forcible seizure wus one time the ethic
followed. Now it is accomplished by
tho subterfuge of pretended payment.
A promise to pny is given to the workor to compensate him for tho lubor he
has expendod in the production of
iron and steel. The corporation then
tons the material substance; the worker has the promise. Something lias now
been obtained for nothing. The worker
is not the one who obtained it, ns
may be readily seen. The steel workers take their promises to pay and
swap them in the markot for food, etc.,
but let it not be forgotten that tho
food Aii(i other things they obtain have
been taken from their follow workers
in other lines by exactly tho samo
method by which tho Steel Corporation
'got its steel from thom, that is by the
-subterfuge of pretended payment,
which was not payment but a promise
Uro pay. These promises to pay are
termed money, and tho hoax that they
constitute real payment is one of the
most transparent frauds ever perpetrated upon easy marks and othor simpletons.
* * *
The Steel Corporation has no othor
use for the steel produced than that of
selling it ia the markets of the world.
By tho samo token that tho corporation
itsolf could only purchase tho services
of the workers on credit, that is by giving them a promise to pay in exchange
for their labor, the customers of the
corporation can only mako their purchases on credit. No matter how many
transfers may occur bofore tho steel is
finally disposed of and removed from
the market, oach and evory such salo
is made, and can only bo mndo, on
credit. All along tho line actual payment is absolutely impossible When
tho journey has been completed and
tho steel has boen withdrawn from tho
market by somo final consumer, and ia
completely worn out and nevor to appear aguin in the annals of trade and
commerce, the gallant array of figures
representing tho amount of the promises to pay that have been issued und
can never bo redeemed, and that huve
been necessary to work the flimflam
process of alleged buying, selling und
paying still remains, nnd this array is
enlarged during euch cycle of production by the amount of "surplus vnlue"
which has accrued during that cycle.
In the case 'of thc Steel Corporation,
that "surplus" amounted to $31,000,-
000 for tho single month1 of April. Reduced to understandable language it
means that the corporation received
promises to pay to the amount of $31,-
000,000 in excess of tho nmount of
similar promises to pay it handed out
to those from whom it made purchases,
either of labor power or other things.
* * *
And capital consists of nothing out-
.side of these accumulations of debt,
promises to pay, orders upn the future.
Through these holdings of irredeemable
obligations the cupitulists command all
industry and production, nnd are thus
enabled to got somothing for nothing
to the extent of nil thut they oat, drink,
weur and otherwise consume und eir
joy. It is by this alchemy that the
nothing useful that, they do is transmuted into the material things that
they so abundantly enjoy. It is by
means of this subterfuge of alleged
pnyment und all that is embodied in
tin? financial flimflam of this day and
nge, that the capitalist scheme of skinning slaves is so artfully camouflaged
that vast numbers of the slnves do not
even know that they are skinned at ull.
Aud thnt, is probably as it should bo,
ut least from the capitalist standpoint
TT
9  ci
X tb
IS MEET and proper   thut   due
credit should not bo withheld from
the brilliant statesmen    of    today
whenever thoso worthies rise above the
dead level of mediocrity of the common herd and'*with
WHAT far    soeing    vision
CONSTITUTES doal with tho great
USEFULNESS? and often vexatious
problems that thrust
themselves upon the attontion of mon,
Thero are disgruntled ones who appear
to think that capitalist statesmanship
has sunk to a low lovol of incapacity,
a sort of intellectual bankruptcy as it
wero, and is no longer competent to
grasp the significance of world events
and steer the ship of state along
a courBo both profitable and safe. The
Foderationist, however, having but
poor opinion of statesmen in genoral,
has remained firm in tho faith that the
Canadian type would be found eminent
ly capable of rising to tho requirements
of any emergency or occasion that
might prosciit itself in the pathway of
our most glorious destiny. And that
faith is being justified by a veritable
procession of epoch-making events and
acts of statesmanship thnt aro being recorded upon the historic pages of national achievement at Ottawa.
* *       ■#
Probably tho most noteworthy and
commendable manifestation of really
high class statesmanship at Ottawa,
since the election of last year, is to be
found in the substitution of the distinctly democratic and progressive "or-
dor-in-council" for the previous reactionary and decidedly autocratic parliamentary procedure. The danger to lib
erty and domocracy that has always
lurked bohind any participation (in the
affairs of government by tho stupid and
presumptuous common people, has been
long recognized by thoughtful and cultured persons everywhere. Even the
most cautious critics are compelled to
admit that representative govornment
is almost, if not quite, ns vicious as government by tho mob direct. Thereforo,
whon tho brilliant galaxy of undoubtedly big calibre statesmen at Ottawa,
guided solely by intellocttml convictions and prompted by tho loftiest nnd
most patriotic motives, by swift and
masterly stroke oxorcises the danger, by
implanting tho proud banner of democracy and liberty firmly upon tho
safeguarding battlements of the
"ordor-in-council," such act Bhould
moot with uproarious applause and ro-'
bustious and gladsome acclaim from
the democracy-loving multitude thus
reseuod from the threatening clutches
of vjcious autocracy.    Yes, indeed.
* *        *
One  of the latest  orders-in-council,
and one that is without douht preguuut
with    exceeding    virtue,    is    termed
Regulations for utilizing the human
onorgy of Cnnada to best advantage."
For who or what, however, is not
stnted, but ns the  first  article in  the
regulations'" provides thut '' Evory
mnlo person residing in the Dominion
of Cnnnda shall be regularly engaged
in somo useful occupation," it looks
as though the intention is to utilize this
oncrgy so as to promote the health of
the individual through proper exercise,
and make every person produce at least
tho equivalent of what he consumes, If
this inferonco bc correct, und the measure stristly curled out, all tendency to
gout and' fatty degeneration of the soul
will bo forfended and parasitism and
ruling class bummcry will give way to
a civilization tinctured with the principles of common decency, because no
longer polluted by either u slave or a
master. But perhnps, and nlso quite
probably, that is wishing too much.
Thc reservntions from thc provisions
of tho "regulations" nre few in number, being chiefly confined to those undor lti and over 00 years of nge, and
the physically unlit.
* * *
As tho "regulations" duly made and
provided contain no definition or explanation ns to what constitutes a
"useful occupation" it is evidently
left to ordinary common sense to decide. And that surely makes it easy.
Now that the "order-in-council" has
superseded tho erstwhile parliamentary
procedure, that noblo array of senu-
tors and M. P.'s at Ottawa, are no
longer engnged in "useful occupations." In fact their occupations'being gone they becomo "idlers" under
the "order-in-council." The polico aro
hereby notified to that effect. Thon
again, common sense must teach ub
that all occupations that do not contribute to tho production of things essential
to human requirements, that is to the
maintenance of lifo and the furtherance of humun comfort and well being,
cannot be classed as "useful occupations." And this opens up before as
a field of splendid and most pleasing
possibilities. Not only the aforesaid
senators nnd M. P.'s, but all of that
horde of political and governing skates
at Ottawa, with the solitary exception
of the official manufacturer and promulgator of "orders-in-council," now
becomo obsolete ns such, their occupation being gone. Thuy should, and no
doubt will, bo immediately put to "useful occupations," say out on the farm
raising spuds, milking cows aud feeding pigs. And then wo can go right
down tho lino taking tho bankers, lawyers, preachers, brokers, commission
men, agents, hucksters, peddlers, real
estate sharks, professors, politicians,
soldiers, suilorB, police, detectives, jailers, wurdens, judges, und in fnct the
entire big bourgeoisie, the petty bourgeoisie, nnd ull that parasitic conglomeration of flunkeys, lackeys, suckers, sycophants, stool pigeons and pimps, that
constitute the intellectual und moral
rng-tug and bobtail of ruling class civilization and putting thom to "useful" sortfee. In fnct more thnn ninc-
tenths of tljo population of the cities
nnd towns aro now solely engaged in
occupations that are absolutely useless
us fur as the production of the essential things of life are concerned. These
could no more be classed as "useful
occupations" than could tho occupation
of the burglur, tho footpad or the porch
climber. When this precious "order-
in-council" gots right down to work
und nil these useless members of slave
society aro set to "useful occupations,"
thereby feeding, clothing, sheltering
themselves, emptying their own slops,
nnd washing their own dirty duds, un
era of penco, fraternity, goodwill and
decency will bo made possible iu place
of the filth, tho blood, the agony, they
poverty uud degradation of the poisonous and deadly slavo regime that now
prevails and makes of tho enrth a
shambles of horror. Lot tho "order-
in-council" bo put in forco at once,
for it is the voice of democracy nnd
tho Command of thc king. Long live
democracy! Long livo the king! To
hell with autocracy!
THE SPECTACLE of largo delegations of farmers going to Ottawa
to plead with the government for
exemption from service under tho Military Act for thoir sons, and also to humbly protest againBt
GIVING THEM government <by "or-
WHAT THEY der-in-counci 1/' 'in-
WANTED. stead  of  by   parlia
mentary procedure, is
not without its comical side. Whon it
is remembered how theso same farmers
so valiantly and overwhelmingly supported the "Unionist" candidates at
the elections last fall, thereby registering thoir approval of the vilest and
most contomptible political chicanery,
and the rankest repudiation of democracy over recorded in human history, it
becomes really laughable to witness the
squirmings of they who are now getting
exactly what they went after at the
polls. If, perchance, in their zeal to
destroy domocracy and enthrone autocracy in Canada—and if that has not
been thc result of tho farcical election
of last year, what else has occurred?—
those poor dubs were so simple as to
fancy they were to bo immune to the
evils of such a policy, while at tho
same time fastening those evils upon
others, then it ib but just retribution
that such error sWtld be rudely jolted
out of them. And now this has been
dono in a fashion sufficiently rude to
satisfy tho most discriminating taste, A
delegation of somo 2000 of them were
turned down cold this woek nt Ottawa,
tho government which thoy had so loyally elected to power not deigning to
even grunt them a hearing, They were
merely informed by some governmental
rubber stamp that the Military Servico
Act would bo enforced without fear or
favor, and the government would no
longor be bothered with them and their
grievances and petitions.
* * *
'And now thoso worthy sons of the
soil muy return to the plow und take
their medicine, that medicine that they
so ably assisted in compounding last
fall. And surely no ono need make a
wry face over the bad taste of his own
medicine. In fact it should, in this
caso, bo considered decidedly seditious
to do so. It will not be necessary to
weep, wail and howl, over the substitution of "orders-in-council" for democrat ic government, for that sort of
thing is here to stuy, nt least until tho
common people, farmers and wage
slaves alike, accumulate a better grade
of common sense and manliness than
they havo yet developed. So long as
they can, like mice, be trapped by the
verbal cheeso fed to them by scheming
politicians, they will get what thoy so
foolishly go after. They will be given
treatment suitable to their mental condition. They will be given, not only
what they noed, but what they evidently insist upon getting. While the farmers are "doing their bit" by raising
the succulent pork and the prosaic spud
they will do well to consider tho old
snying, thnt "the way of the transgressor is hard," nnd that to be led into
that way through ignorance and mental
sloth does not soften the path to tho
blistered feet of the wayfarer. Experience is a denr school, but it is thc only
one in which nnything of valuo is learned. And surely the toilers of the earth
re getting n thorough schooling during these troublous but still glorious
days.
IT IS BEYOND dispute thnt falsehood
is the only justification that can be
given for cluss rule. Its every representation must be based upon a lie,
for if the truth were to be told nbout
it and became gen-
LYING AS A erully known, all the
CONFIRMED bayonets on this side
HABIT of  the    infernal   re
gions would not be
suflicient to maintain such rule. Every
expression and profession of ruliugclus-s
society is the complete abnegation of
that which it pretends to be. Rule, in
itself, is merely robbery, but it would
scarce do for rulers to put it that M'uy
to the common herd, for thut would
no doubt "spill the beans." To rule,
to govern, and to rob, ure synonymous
terms.    It   is  quite  sufe, however,   to
all upon the common herd to mnke selection of whom thoy wish to rule or
govern them, cither for a definite or
an indefinite period, but it would hardly do to call upon them to select some
one or moro personB to rob them, either
temporarily or permanently. That is
why the former terms uro freely used
by ruling class socioty, and why tho
last-named is taboo, The latter iB tho
unvarnished truth; the former camouflage it by false pretenso.
*.**■■#
Thoro hns never been anything for
men to quarrel over except that which
inevitably comos out of thc robbery of
man by mnn. Those who exist in human society by tho systematic robbery
of the wealth producers, thc only ones
who bring forth anything to bo robbed
of, are compelled to hide their criminnl
proceedings underneath a niask of
falsehood and deceit. They always
profess to conduct their marauding
solely for the material and spiritual
good of those whom they plunder.
Whenever the plundered mako ovon tho
slightest effort to thwart tho robbers
n the enterprise of securing loot without expense to themselves, the cunning
rascals always raise a groat hue and
sry by shouting "thief," "robber,"
"murderer," "aBsussin," and heaping
vilification and abuso upon their rebellious victims. In fact thoy alwayB
accuse thoso whom thoy rob, of being
guilty of all the crimen, villainies and
moral delinquencies they are themselves
habitually guilty of, and which constitute their sole stock in trade in the
daily avocation of separating producers
from the things they create,
* v T-
That is why falsehood becomes a
habit with all and sundry who profit
by and defend the present system of
rule and loot. That is why tho capitalist press, almost without exception,
spews Ub venom and falsehood upon
the Bolsheviki. It is compelled to lie
about those RuBsian workers and peasants who have thrown the brutal czar
and his disgusting regime overboard
and nre attempting to bring peace,
order and decency .to a land that has
been made a veritable hell upon earth
for thousands of years by the vulgar
und thieving rulers that have been successful in- fastening thoir vicious
clutches upon the people's throats. Of
courso, all of the delectable ruling-class
family of thieves in other lands are
roused to fury at the action of tho
Russian workers who have dared to
striko a blow for liberty, and their
fawning lickspittles and puling sycophants of press, pulpit and platform
mnko the welkin ring with their dirty
falsehoods and foul accusations against
the offending Bolsheviki.
A considerable section of the capitalist press goes to the very limit of
lying in its attempt to discredit the
struggling workors of Russia in their
offorts to bring a decent and sane civilization out of tho present ruling-class
hell of blood, slaughter und pelf. Thoy
lie through their news columns and
they lio editorially. Some of thom Ho
when even a decent regard for the
truth might be made to do bettor service. But they cnn not help it, for
to them lying has long since become
a confirmed habit. Tho truth is not in
them, and they would not dare tell it
if it were. Thoso of them who are completely lost to all sense of shame still
repeat with impudent presumption that
stalo old He, long sinco exploded, that
tho Bolsheviki, and especially Lenine
and Trotsky, are merely agents of Germany employed to deliver Russia into
the hands of the Prussian junkers. The
only plausible explanation of this
seems to be, that being confirmed
pimps and procurers themselves, their
loathsome mentalities are incapable of
attributing any less filthy and execrable purpose to any one else. If there
is any editorial proposition holding
down a job on the rotten daily press
of thiB end of the Dominion whom the
cup fits, let the same put it on und
advertise the fact by squealing. The
chances ure they will do so, ub that is
another habit that vulgar ignoranco has
also contracted.
For tho week ending April 20 the
deaths in the National Guard, the National Army and the Regular Army cantonments in the U. S. totalled 251, as
against 278 for tho previous week. Of
theso pneumonia claimed 107. The noneffective rate (sick) for tho National
Guard in the United States for the lost
day covered by the report was 37.0 por
1,000; for the National Army 50.5 per
1,000; for tho Regular Army, including the aviation section of the Signnl
Corps of the National Array, was 40
per 1,000.
Farmers who aro now getting fabulous prices for their products and wage
slaves who aro reaping rich rewards in
filthy lucre for the comparative sinecure of doing noxt to nothing, aro frequently referred to ub "profiteers," but
us they produce between them air tho
wealth that makes its appearance in thc
marts of thc world, in the name of all
that is holy who suffers any loss on account of their "profiteering?" A title
deed to a nine-room bungalow in the
sky, with silver staircase and gold door
knobs will be givon to tho manufacturer
of the first corroct answer sent into this
office, nlong with two bits for cigars.
An attempt to fasten universal military Blavery upou every boy in' the
United States, by means of a rider tacked on to the $15,000,000,000 army appropriation bill when it comes up at Washington next week, is to be made. The
proposed infamy provides that three
months' training in a military camp
shall bo given to every boy during his
19th year, three months during his 20th
year, and six months during his 21st
yoar. This schemo has come from the
republican side of the house, and its
sponsors gleefully expect tb in this
manner provide I'or an army of 10,000,-
000 meu for active service in any
"emergency" that may arise. Of course
nny one cun see that such a movo can
only be calculated as an insurance
against the dangers of autocracy, and
as a bulwark of strength on behalf of
puro democracy of the ruling class
brand so- very fashionable at the present time.
' According to tho treasury department^
roport from Washington, D. C, tho nntionnl debts of Great Britain,-France,
Italy, Germany, Austria, Hungary and
the United StateB up to the prosent
time only total the insignificant sum of
$109,000,000,000. Ab this only amounts
to about $75 por head for the entiro
population of the globe, or about $350
per head for the population of the nations owing it, tho matter of paying it
off ^s a trivial affair, us any one can
readily see. Of course, if the war shuld
happily continue for even another two
years, this pitifully insignificant debt
will be at least doubled, but even bo it
will be just as easy to pay it off'then
as it is now, or perhaps easier. According to our great financial authorities, the nations of the world increaso
thoir wealth much more rapidly during
times of war than during times of
peace. Everybody is getting the easy
money during thoso glorious days. The
farmer accumulates a big bank account
through high prices for his products.
The wage slavo arrives at the samo delightful haven of rest and satisfaction
|«by the route of abnormally high and
even fabulous wages. The capitalists
cut lnrge 'and juicy lemonB grown from
the alluvial soil of opportunity, plowed
up by the circumstances of war. A
trifling debt of a few hundred billions
or trillions need worry nono of these.
At the most it is but a mere bagatelle
alongside of the groat "wealth" at
"our" disposal. " The futuro indeed
looks bright to the financial optimist of
tho oditorinl safl\tu'm.
The Canadian Food Bulletin at hand
lays great stress upon tho necessity of
increasing the production of food upon
this side of the Atlantic for thc purpose
of feeding "Europe's hungry millions."
lt is quite beyond doubt that hungry
poople need food, but we beg to suggest, that if Europe's hungry millions"
wore to stop fighting nnd killing each
other, destroying useful things and lay-
ing their territories waste, they might
be able to at least mako somo headway
in the direction of feeding themselves.
And come to think of it, it does at
times seem quite absurd thut decent
and peacefully inclined folk should be
called upon or expected to feed those
who prefer to fight and slaughter ono
anothor rather thnn feed themselves. It
may bc treasonable or seditious to even
feel that way about it, but such
thoughts impudently intrdue themselves
upon us even in our most loyal and
patriotic moments. Perhaps the high
cost of living has something to do with
it.
If there is one thing that we lovo
moro   deeply   than   another   in   thc
United Stntes it is that ovory man
should have tho privilege, unmolested
and uncriticized,  to  utter the  real
convictions of his mind.—Prosldent
Wilson, 1916.
And should any doubt our "love,"
aB above stated, lot thom but note the
gallant manner in which we defend and
safeguard that and similar blessed privileges by means of tar and feathers, varnish, yellow paint, hangings, beatings,
forced expulsions a la Arizonn, night
riding and mob marauding, tho burning
of negroes at the stake, a la Tennessee,
raiding I. W. W. and socialist premises,
destroying proporty and throwing Innocent and decent porsons into filthy ■jails
or driving them out of town, gagging
tho truth by shutting its publications
from tho mails, by espionage acts, by
councils of defense, by patriotic leagues
and  by spying, sneaking, whisporing,
accusing, lying, deceiving, vilifying, defaming, poisoning and persecuting. And
having noted let sueh forever after hold
their peace,
A Plain Statement of the
Case by President of
Local Union
Employees of the B. C. Electric railway, who, on Tuosday, presented a now
wago schedulo to the company, wish to
hnvo n definite answer and the whole
question of a new agreement settled by
July 1, according to Mr. W. H. Cottrell,
president of 'the Street Railaymen's
union.
'' In thc pnBt the negotiations were
carried on over many months," said/'
Mr. Cottrell, "and in tho meantime the
mon went on with thoir old wages. Wo
are asking for more money because if is
an absolute necessity. Wc aro willing, j
to negotiate and do all the discussing
nocessary up to July 1, but, as far as we
aer concerned, the thing must be settled
by that date."
Goneral Manager Kidd's statement
that the new wage schedule would mean
au increase to the company of $500,000,
is an exaggeration, in Mr. Cottrell'a
opinion. He is quite sure that tho figure has been overstated.
'' At any rate,'' ho said this morning,
what the men are most concerned
with i sthe fuct that at present, motor-
men and conductors aro working for
$3.00 n day, und this is not enough for
thom to livo ou in view of the greatly
increased rents and general cost of living. Motormen and conductors are asking for $4.08 n day, which I am sure no
ono will say is too high a wago for any
one these times. In fact, thoro wbb
considerable difficulty in getting the
meu to present such a modest demand,
for it was tho opinion of a great many
men that that rate was too low.
"There are too many jobs offering
for men to stay at $3.00 a duy," ho
continued, "and tho work on the street
cars is too nerve-wracking to hold employees at that prico. ThiB latter point
I is one that the genoral public overlooks
' whon considering our position, for thero
aro few industrial positions that are
harder on men's genoral health than
working on tho street cars."
Well Considered, He Says
The new Schedule, Mr. Cottrell says,
has been threshed out at two mass-
meetings of tho employeos, and thoso in
charge of its preparation havo gono
into the matter as thoroughly as if thoy
constituted an arbitration board. Tho
increases aBked for, he says, are not to
bo compared with tho increased living
expenses.
Mr. Cottrell assorts that compared
with other wages paid in the city tho
request of the B. C. Electric employees
will bo found to bo very reasonable,
and adds that whilo the company clnims
that thc cost of materials has greatly
advanced, the efticiency of the men under the present management has ulso
increased.
The new wage schedule, lie claims,
permits either purty to reopen it on 30
duys' notice. While the present wuge
rate is from 30 to 40 cents an hour for
nino hours, thc new demands aro for 40
to 51 cents un hour for eight hours.
Ono of thc changes contemplutcd by the
men is a cut in the sliding scule. At
present it takes four years' service to
roach the 40-cont scale; under the new
schedule the scale of 51 conts is reached
nfter 18 months' service, rated every
three months.
"This will huvo little effect because
most of the meu with tho company now
have served more than four yours,"
said Mr. Cottrell.
All Ask Increase
Under the new proposals the various
labor classifications uro asking increases. Machinists want a raise from
51 cents an hour to 02Vj cents, and
they point out that thiB is lower than
machinists iu othor trades, the C.P.R.
men, who are not the highest-paid
machinists, getting 75 centB an hour.
Carpenters arc seeking an increase
from 48 cents to 00 cents. Car repairers and barn mon are asking tho
same rate as the motormen and conductors, 40 to 51 cents.
The chango to what is known as the
"closed shop clauso" sets out on the
compnny's part that "a condition of
employment shall be that the applicant
shall become a member of tho association within one month." A condition
of remaining in tho company's employ
"shall be continuous membership in tho
association,"
ENGAGEMENT   RINGS
Of all diamonds, or diamonds ln combination
with other gems, at $25, $30, $35, $40, $45,
$50, $76, $100 and up^
Wo aro ablo to offor special values in dimitoiid rings, bo-
cause we ourselves are DIRECT BUYERS, tlie gems being
selected for the five Birks' stores.   Thoro are no middlemen.   And Birks' Diamonds are guaranteed to bo THE
HIGHEST GRADE PROCURABLE.
Whether a purchaso is Intended   or   not   we   cordially   Invite
yonr Interest ln our  jowellery  displays.
"Tbe Home of Fine Diamonds"
Oeo. _. Trorey, Man. Mr.
Oranvllle asd Georgia Sts.
—SAVE YOTO MONEY-
START A BANK AOOOOUT Z>
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow awny your spare cash ln
any old corner whero tt Is in dinger
from burglars or firo.
Tbo Merchants Bank of Canada offers you por feet safety for your
money, and will give you full banking
uervioe, wliethor your account la larga
or small.
Intorest allowed on savings deposits.
a. N. STAGEY, Manager *
axaiviUfl and Pender
W. O, JOT. Manager
Hastlngi and Oarrall
PARM'S PURPOSELY
PENNED PARAGRAPHS
Warehousemen
Business Agont Robinson reports negotiations for 'ii new wngo scule progressing favorably. Membership is
growing and ail membera aro requested
to keep tlieir eyo on the colums of the
Daily Province for an announcement of
a special meeting which mny be called
next week.
If you haven't joined tha Federated Laker
Party, get lo touch with Seeretary Tretter,
Room 208, Labor Temple, or aay ef ike Tlee-
preiidents throughout tha prarinea. ***
COPENHAGEN—All work in Austria-Hungary coated on May Day, according to information received her*. The workers passed a resolution demanding an sight hour
day.
fj Who said something nbout tho conscription of wenlth T
f} The Flavelles eome high, but
"wo" must hnve 'om.
«f Work hard! Tho C. P, R. needs
the monoy. It has an expensive federal government to maintain.
fj Will some oile rise in thoir place
and tell ub just who this man J. II.
Tonkin iB, anyway? Ib ho the same
gentleman who  has a Fernio record?
_ The next fight in Canada will be
between a united working class, working with the returned soldiers, and tho
Union" government—tho united and
slickest grafters of both the old parties.
I| Recont arrivula from tho east report that James C. Watters, president
of the TradeB and Labor Congress of
Canadn-Js slated for a soft government
job. Well, it's coming to him, and
evory other member of the executive
council of that organization.
IJ The Union government is finding
some difficulty in creating onough jobs
to moot tlio requirements of the combined two old parties, bill it begins to
look ns though Flavolle's hired men
might rise to the ocension. A wholo
army of friendB aro now to bo nppointed to asaiat in taking a census
of only tho man-power of tho Dominion. No ono will bo needed to take an
inventory of tho woalth of tho nation,
with n view to turning that over to the
stato.   Leave that to tho FlffvellesI
(J If thc poople of Canada will sit
back and permit the C. P. R. to got
away with the raw stuff thc officials in
Vancouver are attempting to put ovor,
then indeed has patriotism*1 sunk to a
low level. Not satisfied with exploiting "alion enemies" of overy nationality, chinkB and Japanese, hundreds
of negroes nre being imported to take
the places of dining-car service men
who dared to organize. And to make
tho hypocrisy*, nil the more brazen it
is announced that this action will liir-
eratc more mon for overseas. Fighting
for a corporation-owned dtantry that
seeks to replace recruits with "negroes" is not calculated to givo Wostorn Canada workmon an appetite.
•J At a meeting of tho "business interests '' of Winnipeg last Tuesday
resolntions wore pusBod calling for
" wider powers ior the  Canada Fuel
it J. N. Harvey Clothing Stores.
Zimmerknit
Underwear
at lower prices than you
can buy it for elsewhere
65c
Balbriggan Shirts
and Drawers	
Combinations, short sleeve
and ankle length, and long
sleevo and ankle fr-J «JE
length 4>I.Zj
Porous Knit Combinations-
Short sleeves ancfr-l 4C
knee length yl.Lt)
Bathing Suits
$1.00
$1.75
Blue Ootteen with
Skirts	
Fine Cashmere,
with Skirts at—
Heavy     Vancouver     Knit
Bathing Suits, with Skirts
$3 00 and $4.50
J. N. HARVEY
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings St. West
Also 814-616 Yates, Victoria
— Look for tba Big Bot Arrow •—J
HTO0BP0B4TED 18S5
Bank of Toronto
Assets
...984,000,000
Deposits   68,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account nay bo
opened at Tie Bank of Toronto
in tkt aaaes of two or moro
persons. In these accounts oither
firty may sign ckoiies or deposit
money. For tko different members of
» family er a Ira a joint aeeonnt is
often a great convenience. Iateapit is
paid on balances.
Taieouver Branek:
Conor Hastligs ud Canada Stmts
Branches at:
Victoria,   Merritt,   New  Wsstniister
The Buk of British North America
Established la list
Branches   throughout   Canada   and   at
New   Tork,   San   Francises   and Dawson
Savings Department
ControrBoard, to tho extent of controlling wages paid in Western Canada
mines nnil machinery for tho prevention
of strikes." JuBt so. The Big Interests seek to absolutely hamstring
Lnbor by preventing strikes and fixing
wages. But not n d— word from this
precious aggregation of profit ghouls
nbout fixing prices of foodstuffs. Not
a word. When tho timo arrives for
fixing wages the organized labor movement will sec that prico fixing goes
along with it. Tho bell-hops at Ottawa
inight just as woll yjnit that in their
pipes and smoke it.
COWAN   &   BROOKHOUSE
PBINTEES AND PUBLISHERS
Printers to The Federatlonist
Tho   Foderationist   Is   produced   from
our   modern   newspaper   printing   plant.
MR. UNION MAN!
Tou owe It to yourself to economise
Would you consider it economical to
purchaso   Toss   and   Coffees   in   tins
when you may have tho eamo value
from our storo at a   much   reduced
price I ->
THINE IT OVER
We Sell ln Balk Only
Dickson's Teas and Coffees Are of
Exceptional Vain*
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St.  Phone Sey. 613
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges aid Fillings
made the same shade as you own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open  evenings  7:80 tn   8:80.
Dental nurso in attendance.
COB."" OBANVILLE    AND    EOBBOK
STBEETS
Over Owl Drug Store-'
Pbone Sey. 6238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores .
J. W. Foster,
Limited FBIDAT. .......May 17, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of May 20
Tlie Sensational Companion Flay
to "Tie Eternal Magdalene"
Entitled:
"Playthings"
ORDER TOUR BEATS NOW
Prices:   15c, 30c, 40c.
ORPHEUM
BAMOHT SOW OfEM
Week of May 20th
OABTEE DE HAVEN AND
 FLOBA FABKEB
"IBS HONETMOON,"
A sketch
BOTH BBDD
NORTON AJtP MBLNOIIE
 VALYDA       .
MOOBB AND OEBALD
MADE AND WILLIAMS
Evenings:    lfio, 30c, 40c, 65c, SOe
Matinee:      15c, 20c, 30c, and 55c
COLUMBIA
Mon.—Tues.—Wed.
"The Honor System"
GEORGE WALSH
and   Famous   All-Star   Cast
The Most Thrilling and Tragic
Story Evor Told
—Concert Orchestra—
PANTAGES
* vBxt wns
"THE ATLANTIC BEVTJE"
JAMES B. DONOVAN
Other Big restores
TWENTY-FIVE TEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
[May 19, 1893]
Tho Trades and Labor Council endorsed
the fiction of the Constitutional League un_
alterably opposed to tho erection of tho
proposod new parliament buildings at Victoria, as it consldorod it a reckless and ex*
travagatit waste of tha people's money.
Tho civic coniinitteo reported thnt, as
tho Geary Chinese Exclusion' law had boen
declared constitinii.mil by tha Unltod States
supreme court, there would bo a big in-
flux of Chinamen into British Columbia. Tho
eity council to bo requested to petition the
Dominion government to take steps to prevent it.
The city conncU was asked to restrict
Chinese wash bous's tu a certnin area. The
city council wns Also aiiked to award tho
contract for cast iron pipes to the B. C.
Ironworks.
Votes of thanks, recommended by tho
civic commltte?, woro extended to the city
council for it» courteous trout ment of the
Trades and Lnbor Council, and also to the
local nowtipaperK for their willingness to publish anything emnnatlng from this body.
Proposed bntlijng sheds anil othor conveniences on tho foreshore of English Hay
discussed und the city council requested
to tako aetion.
Another Labor Temple Tenant
Ckns. Leer, old-time member of tho
Bartenders*' union, now the Soft Drink
Dispensers, lias re-opened tho Labor
Temple cigar store this week. Ho intends to make it one of tho liveliest
spots in the building, Iee cream purler
—and everything,
—THE—
■■ CAFE
under now management
156 Hastings Stroot West
Phono Sev. 035
-TBE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVER—UNION CARD
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be ln tbe bome of
every mania rr in YOUES?
/
—Phone Palrmont 8684—
Jack Warner
SHIPYARD
INN
130 FRONT ST.
Refreshments of every
description supplied
night and day.
Big List of Sports Arranged
and General Good Time
Is Assured
The 1400 members of the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron
Shipbuilders and Helpers, Local 194,
ancj their many friends, Will hold their
lirst annual picnic next Friday, '-May
24. Somo $600 worth of prizes, donated
by local business houses, will be awerd-
odby the Bports committee, and tho
Boilermakers' officials declare the event
will bo woll worth attending. The big
day will be staged at Mahon Park,
North Vancouvor. Special provisions
for transportation are being arranged
by the committeo in charge.
Messrs. Joseph Barber, socretary, and
Sam Thornton, Harris and Wise compose tho picnic and sports committeo,
and havo secured thtTprizes. The sports
programme iB now in the hands of The
FederationiBt printors, and contains a
list of thirty ovonts or more, the majority of them being !for tho ladies and
childron, of all ages. Tho features aro
tho ono mile, (open to members of
Local 194 only), for which tho firm of
J. Coughlan & Sons has donated a handsome challenge trophy, in addition to
three valuablo'^ prizes for first, second
and third. Tho same firm has also donated five handsome gold medals for
the winners of the five-a-sido football
teams, five minutes each way to play
and limited to eight teams. Entries for
this event are to be in the hands of
the secrotary not later than Wednesday,
May 22, at Coughlan's yard, Messrs.
Wallace Bros, have also donated to the
programme, as well as several firms on
the North Shore, whose names are not
at hand.
The North Vancouvor ferries and the
B. C. E. B. are making arrangements
for tho transportation, on both sides of
tho Inlet, and late cars will be on hand
to convey tho picnickers who stay late
for the dancing to their homes in the
city and suburbs.
Livie and Reeves' five-piece orchestra
has been engaged, and dancing takes
place from 7 to 11 p.m.
The refreshment committee will see
that everything is in ordor for the making of tea, coffee, etc., but the ladies
are asked not to forget to bring their
own cups and dishes.
For tho benefit of those who have
never visited Mahon Park, Secrotary
Barber states that there is a grandstand, capacity 1000; a quarter-mile
track, a dance hall and seats, tables,
stoves and fuel, for refreshment purposes.
No tickets to purchase. Just go ovor
with tho family and friends, on 'the
ferryboat, then a 6-cent fare on streetcar lands you at the park.
The first event on the programme will
commence at noon.
Furthor information will be gladly
given upon application to any members
of thc committee.
Sports and Picnic Committee
Bros. CanuichacI, McEachorn, S. Thornton,
Andy Neilson, Harris, Parker, R. H. Wise,
Finlay. W. Smith, J. Harper, Young, Alston,
Fox, W. D. Mooro, Owens, David Neilson,
W, Forsytho, O. Atkins, J. Wools ton, Walter
Laurln, H-j M. Holmes, Joe Barber.
Sports Prises,,
100 yards dash (members Local 104 only),
three prizoa; 100 yards dash, singlo ladies'
race, three prizes; 75 ynrds dash, married
ladies' race, threo prizes; quarter mile race
(open), threo prises; ivlieol barrow raco, lady
and gent, four prizes; 100 yards fat nnm's
race, throa prizes; football, Ave a side, fivo
minutes each wny, five prizes; 100 yards
linsli, men 45 years and over, threo prizes;
100 yards dash, fat ladies' raco, threo
prizes; 100 yards dash, forme n only, three
prizes; 3-legged race, ladies 12 to 17 years,
tour prizes; egg and spoon race, ladies only,
three prizes; football, soml-final; 50 yords,
boys 7 to 10 years, three prizes; two standing quick jumps (with or without weights),
throe prizes; 20 yards, wee tots, boys under
Boven years, three prizes; 20 yards, wee tots,
girls under soven years, threo prizes; 25
yards, girls, seven to 10 years, three prizes;
running hop, skip and jump, threo prizes;
50 yards, girls 11 to 14 years, three prizes;
75 yards, boys 11 to 14 years, three prizes;
running broad Jump/ threo prizes; football,
final; 75 yards, girls 15 to 17 years, three
prizes; 100 yards' boya 15 to 17 years,
threo prizes; throwing tho baseball, three
prizes; one mile (members Local 194 only),
four prizes; (hree-legged race, men, four
prizes; potato race, men, three prizes; jumble race, men, three prizes; tug of war, helpers and mechanics.
Firms Donating Prizes.
J. Coughlan & Sons, shipbuilders; Win,
Dick & Son, clothiers; Rankin & Cherril,
electrical store; Woodward's Department
Store; Nuniey, tobacconist; J. N. Harvey,
m.-n's furnishings; Martin, Finlnyscm &
Mather; Rae, tbe Shoe Han; daman's, clothiers; Wilson's Shoo Storo; Clubb & Stewart, clothiers; J. A. Flett, sporting goods
store; .lonnh-i'nit Company, clothiers; Robinson's, clothiers (save $10); David Spencer Department Store; Richardson's Shoe
Store! Wray & McKee, men's furnishings;
Powell's Mrnt Market. Hastings Knst; Shipyard Cafe (Tom Roberts); Ogden Coffee
House, Front street; Irish Linen Store; yam
Scott, boys' clothing; Frnser Sporting Goods;
Cunningham's Dry Goods Store: T. F. McDowell, Oranvllle street; J. McTaggart, 792
Oranvllle utrsot; McRobbic, "Walk-over"
Shoo Store; Henry Birks & Sons, jewellers;
Hudson's Uny Compnny; W. S. Charlton,
Oranvllle street; Cuthbertson's, Grnnville
Btrott; Richardson & Potts, Men's Hatters;
l'nul & McDonald, jewellers; 11. C. Barber
Supply, Hastings West; B. C. Electric Rail
way Company; Goodwin's Shoe Store; Elliot's Meat Market, Hns tings Fast; Slater's,
Hastings Fast; T, B. Hill, clothiers, Hastings Hast; Canadian General Klectrlo, Pendor West; McLennan & McFosly; A. R.
Williams Machinery Company; Todd & Wanning, Jewellers; Saba's Silk Emporium, Granville stroot| Robertson & Godson; Simons
Snw Company I Crime & Co.; Wood, Val-
lanee St Leggat; Atkins Saw Company; Simpson & Balkwill; C. Jones & Co.; Northern
Klectric Company; Kvans, Coleman & Evans;
Black and White Hat Btor*., Hastings West.
Finns donated in North Vnncouver very generously, but names of same not to hand.
$100,000 TO RE-ESTABLISH
FRENCH CO-OPERATIVES
Also Form Common Fund to Re-establish Societies in Belgium, Luxemburg,
Poland, Italy, Serbia, Etc.
At tho request of the Fronch Nntionnl Federation of Distributive Societies, tho national rolief committoe
hns placed $100,000 at tho disposal of
tho Fronch co-operative movement to
re-establish the societies in the invaded
districts, which at the beginning of tho
war composed ono-third o2 the total
lumber of French co-operatives. The
other co-oporntivos have raised a subscription of #D0,000 for tho samo purposo. Tho control co-operntivo organizations of tho allied nations havo decided to form n common fund for tho
reconstruction of tho destroyed societies
in Belgium, Luxembourg, Poland, Italy,
Roumania, Serbia, Montenegro and
France.
Throughout Canada
The Koman slavo wbb held by fottera;
thc wago-lahoror is bound to his owner
by invisible threads. The appearance
ol independence is kept up by means of
a constant change of employers and by
the Actio juris of a contract.—Karl
Man.
The "conscientious objectors" of
the First Depot battalion, irst C. O. E.,
who were recently tried by court martial, last week at Toronto, received
their sentences last week at Toronto
and eaeh got two years with hard
labor.
Canada, with fifteen delegates, will
have the largest representation at the
Inter-Allied conforonco on the Oare of
Discharged and Disabled Soldiers After
the War, whieh opens under the presidency of the Duke of Gonnaught on
May 20.
For making statements reflecting on
tho common sense of mon who enlisted
in the Canadian Expeditionary forces,
while he was being solicited for o
subscription to the Bed Cross fund, An*
drew Joss of Scotsguard, Sask., was
fined $350.
Extension of parliament one year has
unanimously passed both houses in
Newfoundland. Govornor Harris has
assented to tho conscription bill, calling up all unmarried men between 10
and 25. May 24 is the final dato nllowed for volunteors.
Samuel Blumberg, who recently ro-
signed from tho Socialist Pary of Cnnada, and William Baum, formorly of
the Social-Democratic party, at a meeting in Winnipeg this week, organized
a new socialist industrial union to bo
called the Workers' Union of Canada.
The city firemen of Victoria asked
tho eity councU for a 15 per cent, raise-
but it was turned down fiat. A recommendation by tho chairman of the flre
wardens for a 10 per cent, increase
for men getting less than (110 per
month was also turned down.
The charge made in the house by
D. D. MacKenzie of North Cape Breton
that Sir Josoph Flavelle of the Imperial Munitions Board has been awarding contracts to himself through a subsidiary eompany, is utterly devoid of
fact, according to a statoment by Sir
Joseph.
The labor delegation whioh met the
Federal government at Ottawa on April
25 in connection with labor legislation
asked, among other things, for the appointment of W. B. Trotter of Vancouver as labor representative on the
propoaed Central Immigration Authority to deal with mattors pertaining to
immigration.
The statement of Mr. W. F. O'Connor, former cost of living commissioner,
that eggs would now bo selling
throughout Canada at 25 cents a dozen
were it not for tho fact that cold-storage companios are permitted to go
through the country buying up all the
available egg surplus and storing the
product away is a deeply disquieting
-no.
The red banners of the socialists wore
out in forco at Montreal on May Day,
and quito a large parade was hold in
peace and orderliness. The procession
which was held comprised about 1,000
followers of many nationalities, headed
by a band and many banners. The socialists were labelled with Karl Marx
buttons and they sang songs in Yiddish, Bussian, Polish, Fre*ch and English.
St. Thomas, Ont, city council is con*
templating abolishing the street rail-'
way service for an indefinite period in
order to conserve electric power so that
industries may continuo to operate at
full capacity. At the present time all
factories are using steam power wherever possible, but despite this there
is sueh a shortage that tho council
inay close np the street railway rather
than ask manufacturers to reducu thoir
requirements.
According to the last census there
are 2,723,834 persons in Canada engaged in gainful operations, and 4,-
456,016 having no occupation. While
it follows that but a very small percentage of the latter can be classed as
loafers, yet it is equally certain that
a fine-combing Would discover a great
many persons who are not rendering
servioe to tho stato in any capacity,
but who are possible potential workers.
It is estimated that in Toronto alone
they have fourteen thousand of this
class.—Toronto News.
DYNAMITE USES ON
HOME OF OROAMZER
House Blown to Smithereens When He
Refused to Quit Efforts of
Organization.
The home of M. V, Vole, organizor
for the American Federation of Labor
at Birmingham, Alabuma, was dynamited a few days ago aftor his refusal
to ceaso his efforts to organize the
employees of the Tennessee Coal and
Iron company. His wifo and child, who
were alone in the houso, narrowly
escaped death. Thc dynamiting was
the climax of a reign of terror inaugurated by agents of. tho company to put
down tho organizing movement. A
campaign of violence and intimidation
began after Vale had refused bribes
offered1 by the company's representatives. I
Brewery Workeri
^Brewery Workers are making demands for a 50 cents a day increnso to
oneet the ever-rising cost of living. Tho
union is making steady progress, Tho
local officers are: President, Charles
Austin; vice-president, J. Pikef recording seeretary, W. Connor; flnnncial secrotary, CeeiJ Parker; treasurer, T. Ball;
doorkeeper, I*. Dovos.
Barbers
Four stop cards havo been issued in
the city since last roport. Two now
members were initiated at a woll-at-
tonded mooting of tho Burbors. The
local has endorsed the appropriation by
tho International executive of $50,000
for wor bonds. Forty thousand dollars
of this was used for tho purchaso of
U. S. liberty bonds nnd $10,000 for
Canadian victory bonds. The local has
collected its flrst assessment for Labor
Tomple shares.
PAGE FIVE
m PRODUCTS
Organizer Kennedy of the
Cigarmakers Pays First
Visit to Pacific Coast
On Wednesday morning, D. W. Kennedy, label promoter for the Cigarmakers' unions in Canada, arrived in Vancouver. Mr. Kennedy has been canvassing every city and town in Ontario for
over three months, representing the
joint advisory board of Cigarmakers'
locals in Canada. On bis western trip
he has boosted the Blue Union Label in
Brandon, Begina, and Calgary.
While in Vancouver, Bro. Kennedy
will be addressing the various union
meetings, asking for their co-operation,
by patronizing blue union label cigars,
and incidentally distributing a serviceable souvenir to the membership.
The appeal of tho Cigarmakers should
meet with a ready response by organized labor in this city, because they are
waging a war against child labor and
other sweated labor, as it exists in some
of the cigar factories in Eastern Canada. Co-operation in the Labor movement, as explained by Bro. Kennedy,
means the practical encouragement for
union labor, by using union wages to
buy union label products, in preference
to the article produced by sweated
labor. Mr, Kennedy advises The Federationist that many million cigars,
produced by child Jatior in the province of Quebec, and some parts of Ontario, are now being sold in western
Canada, and it is up to organized labor
in this city to always refuse cigars,
unless they seo the blue union label on
the cigar box, then you are guaranteed
aunitary factories, where the workmen
are receiving a decent wage and the
Extra Specials in Groceries
80AP-LATODBY
UTTLITT
ITOBT
DUTCH CLEANSEB
BLUEINO
...7 Bars for 85c
 6c per Bu
...S fer SSe
PEABLINE—Beg. 15o seller *
PACIFIC MILK—Per un ..
ST. CHABLBB MILK
...6 nn ttt ue
. lie
CANADA WHITE OLOSS STABOH .
M08TABD OAN-Baeh..
POST TOASITBS-Pkg, each .
TOASTED WHEAT FLAKES
 Ue
.a fer SBe
. S fsr He
    90
-,*..- lOe
lOe
These prices ue Mew wholesale celt.   On uie FrM«y ud
Saturday only,
EMPORIUM
THE CO-OPERATIVE STORE
823 OranviUe Street Phone Seymour 908
eight-hour law is the universal practice*
Several union label cigars factories
aro now operated in Vancouver, and it
will be good policy to patronize home
industry and assist in building up the
Cigarmakers of this eity.
Mr. Kennedy, who is more generally
referred to as ''Dave" by Ua friends
throughout Ontario, was seoretary of
tho Toronto Dlstriot Labor council for
many years, being flrst eleoted to that
position in 1001. His eonception of cooperation by eaeh branch of organised
labor means that workors should .always
aa union men, employ the labor of their
brother unionist, thereby registering *
consistent protest against sweated
labor. Mr. Kennedy's visit to Vancouver
will bo extonded for another week, visiting unions.
MINNEAPOLIS.-^. O. Bentall, undid...
for fovmw on the socialist ticket, found
suiltx on charges of violitlnj ths espioun
aet, waa aentenoed to flre jttte In team-
worth prison.
Broken Line Suit Sale
Wonderful Values While They Last-Get a
Good Suit Cheap  —   Furnishing Specials
A DANDY WATCH WITH A BOY'S PURCHASE OF $10.00
10% Discount to Veterans and Boyi in Khaki
OOBDON
JONAH
401 HASTINOS STREET
THE JONAH-PRAT CO.
FIT-RITE PARLORS
OEO.
PBAT
CORNER HOMER
DRAFTED
Into the army for
active service is
the reason why
the entire men's
wear stock of T. Booth & Sons is being ruthlessly sacrificed. This
high-grade stock was bought at a fraction of its worth and will be I
offered to the people of Vancouver on the same basis. The sale opens
Tomorrow at 10 a.m. Don't fail to be here. Seize this opportunity
High Top Boots; all sizes; American and Canadian makes j regular to $18. */j nf\
Forced Prico  <])0.t/U
Corduroy Pants; n very fine
English Cordurov. Regular to
$0.50. Ao QQ
Forced Prico tpO.VO
Caps—About 20 dozen only; all
sizes; rog. to 50c and        QA
70c.  Forcod Prico  taVZ
Work Gloves—licgjlar Son and
$1.00. A(\
Forced Prico  *r»/C
Whito Hnndkorchiofs, about 100
dozen only at this price. Bog. 15c,
now for loss than whole*        /»
sale. Forced Price DC
15c Armbands—
Forced Prico 	
Hoys' Boots, nil sizes to 5V.: rec.
$4.50 and $5. A0 'g-L
Forced Price  «PO."0
Boys' Suits, all sizes; fino
I weeds, worsteds, elc; latest
stylos; reg. to $12, (t./j *.*.
Forced Price  tJ)O.I7U
B. y. D. Underwear, America's
famous brand; sold everywhere
at 75c.                   * . _
Forced Price  .tTOC
Heavy Flannel Work Shirts: ire
to $4.00. «1   OQ
Forced Price vl.ifO
* Work Shirts, reg. to $1.75; ulso
big line of fine Negligee Shirts,
all sizes.   Whilo they       QQ
last.   Forcod Price «70C
Men's Work Punts, reg. $2.25.
About 85 pairs only, nil sizes.
While they last, *****   *" *•**
Forced Price	
y,   uu sizes.
$1.19
Wool Sweaters; eolora gray,
khaki and fawn; regular $0.00.
pS". $3.40
Stanfiolds Medium Weight
Bibbed Underwear; 45 doz. only;
all sizes; reg. $1.75. QQ
Forced Price 5/OC
Ladlos' Boots; values to $0 and
$10; sizes lip to \xh Olllvj nlmllt
825 pairs In the lot. Wlillo thoy
lust, Art Qf\
Forced Bale  «p<&.OU
75c Nookweor; hundreds of new
patterns; 100 dozon only   ft A
lit this priee  aVxZ
%2M, $2.25, $2.50 Fino NogllgOO
Shirts, all sizes, nent patterning.
Forced t_\    _ t_
Sale  -tpl.10
Fino  Light   Weight   l.'iidcrwonr,
suitable fur spring dud Buininor
wear. Rog. 75'' mid 85c.      am
Forced Prico -'. •tlC
$0,00 Slolson Hats, ilnrl lore,
ZeXe $2.45
Ht((   inline     nf     |'iiii>   Suits,   nil
en lorn, nil Bizosj n% lti &2X,
Thoao Htiiis nro positively tlio
groat oa I vitluofl in Wostorn Cnn
ndn todny,
Porood Prlo.
$14.90
*8 sml $11 Water,   Hurt I   Hunts,
IVil tl
I'rloo 	
$4.98
$20 Knin.'oiitN, nil siioij nlmut 80
"*il- III lln- lot.
Porood Prloo
$9.90
l.ockio   vt^ry   high-grado   Dross
Boots, liitest shapes; rogjlnr $lt>.
Prloo  $5.85
100 dozen W. (I. & B. nm! Arrow
('..llnrs, nil sizes. Whilo C
thoy last  DC
Men's Odd Trousers; a wonderful range to ■•liuosc from; regular
Forcod Prloo $2.90
Heavy Rlbbod All Wool  Underwear;   Canada's finest   brands:
•0g. to $2.50.
Furred Price .
$1.27
Peabody's Gunrantood Overalls
Reg. $2.50, *.   -0'
Forced Price  <pl.5o
40c and 50c Black Caslimere
Hocks, 0„
Forced Price  aC_.C
President nnd Kze style Suspenders; iilinut 125 duzeii only; ree
75c.   Whilo nn
thoy last £HC
♦80, $82 and $35 Suits, strictly
hnnd tnilnred; the latest models;
also the always populnr staple
styles.   Don't foil tn see this lot.
p'S". $19.90
LIBERTY STORE
319 Hastings Street West
Selling Out T. Booth
& Sons' Fine Stock PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY..,
...May 17, 1918
JAS.THQNSON & SONS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
II
UNION
MADE
I
F the overalls and
work shirts that
you wear carry the
TWIN BUTE label
you may be sure that
you are getting the
very best garments
made.
Every Twin
Bute Garment
is made in a
Union Shop
and curries our
Trade Mark.
fEDERAUONIST
They are guaranteed!
Can you trust your teetli?
■—or are you in constant fear that Uhey -will go hack on yon?
YOUR TEETH con he truBted to do tlieir work—you needn 't be
afraid of tlieir breaking down—if you take caro of them.
If you expect your teeth to do their duty by you, it's up to you
to do your duty hy thom.
Do it today.   Call on me and let me examine them and advise
you as to their condition.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown aad Bridge BpwUtttt
60S Hutlngi Street Weit, Cor. Soymonr
Office Open Sally Until 6 p.m.
X-B» Um ttkn a meat-
HU! 10-ottt funntMi
ftaa.
PBOn SBT. Ull
phone appointments.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
"Over the Top"   Over Your Top
Try one of onr latest Hats for summer wear.
$3.00—At one price—$3.00
Black & White
Hat Store
OOBNEB HASTINOS AND ABBOTT STS.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Is TUb Wbat We Fought For?
Editor B.C. Federatlonist: Upon the bloody
fields of Europe bund rods of thousands of
our men are being killed, maimed and dis
eased for life, for the great cause of universal democracy, to fling every last vestige
of autocracy from the world for ever—so we
are told. Meanwhile, big corporations play
their HunniBh games right here in our
very midst. Men of another color, owing no
allegiance to this country, are being brought
in to tako from Canadians their means of
livelihood, to snatch the bread from the
mouths of their wives and children. Men
who have worked for yearB to perfect themselves in their jobs that their homes might
he protected are being ruthlessly thrust upon
the streets to start the battle of life all
over again, with their best years behind
them. *■
One hundred and twenty negroes have
heen brought in from the United States to
take the places of Whtia Canadians employed in tho C. P. R. dining-car servico running out of Vancouver.
Mr. F. W. Peters' statement that the men
are being dismissed as the work is not a
white man's work is utterly preposterous.
Who knows whether a job is a white man's
or not better than the white man who does
thut job] Some of the highest-paid working men in thu world today aro chefs. Aro
men of another color to earn their pay In
future f Are white poople to be cleared out
of all the hotels nnd restaurants in Vnncouver to make place for alien negroes! If
i, thing is right on the C. P. It, it must
be right everywhere.
Things will havo come to a pretty pass in
this country if tho capitalists can decide
how each working man Ib to earn his living—if the working men of Canada lire to
ho yoked, liko horses, to any plough that is
picked for them by men who think only
and always of their own selfish ends.
Arguing along Mr. 'Peters' line, Canadt*
ans should not be allowed to shine shoes—
that is a Greek's job; prairie people should
not bc allowed to flsh—that is a coast man's
job; business,men should not bo allowed to
writo for the press—that is a newspapor
man's job; white men Bhould not he allowed
to work in a* cannery—that is a yellow
man's job; ordinary people should not be
allowed to enter politics—that is a professional politician's job. Hut why go onl
His glib <excuso (nnd that is all it Is) Is
Idiotically absurd.
He says, further, that the C. P. R. has no
desiro to attack any union. That is a lie.
Officials of tho company distinctly Informed
the employees of the dining cars, some time
ago, that if they did not give up their
union they would ho replaced hy negroes.
It is a dirty, underhand deal, all the way
through. No mattor whnt Mr. Peters says
now, tho men are being let out, simply and
solely becausa they firmly refused to be disloyal to their union obligation. If they had
beon disldyal, they might have stayed in
tho servico of tho C. P. R. forever. A
fine way to assist in building up the national Canadian character, that is—flre employees if they don't become traitors I
And what about the returned soldiers who
have boen lot out? The men who went overseas to flght for tho freedom of democracy,
and who, according to Mr. Peters, aro not
to be allowed the freodom to choose their
moans of livelihood when they come home
again, battlo-scarrod, don't they know anything about a white man's worki Does
the C. P. R. know, or caro a rap, whether
these men aro physically fit to earn a living
at other worki Are the C. P. R. heads
some of tho people these men went over
seas to flght fort God knows! And no
man with any spark of docent manhood in
his composition would willingly lift one
little finger to aid such ruthless tyrants In
their oppressive deeds—these Runs within
our gates I
A day will como (and that soon) when
the whip will be in the hands of the workers. Justice should then be meted out. As
theBe men sowed they should b*> made to
reap. The hands that wield the lash should
bo sparing of mercy for those who did not
know  the meaning  of tbe word.
Meanwhile, we wonder how Mr. Mldgley's
protest Is being received at Ottawa. We
can only hope that the Minister of Lahor
has enough sense of fair play and ordinary
decency to at once notify the C. P. R. that
tho government Is not going to stand for
the importation of aliens to supplant BrltlBh   subjects.
TOM  PLAYTON.
Vancouver,  May 15,  1918.
Amir women members, will for the flrst time
have thiB opportunity, our vIowb necessarily
undergo modifications; now the industrial
and the political must go hand in hand; they
are the two arniB of the workers' movement,
and if they pull together, as we hopo and
believe they will, the future is bright for tho
workers of the world; we may see in out
day the realization of many of tho ideals
which have beon our guiding star for many
years.—The Dockers Record, London, Eng.
PENSIONS AND PATRIOTS
5
[Vancouver Daily Sun]
Thore is nothing morally elevating in the
spectacle of an army officer drawing a pension for "total disability," while at the
same time receiving a salary of $5,000 a
year as a government employee.
The same remark applies to the politician who will draw a pension for ' 'fifty
per cent, disability," whilo being paid
$2,500 a year us a member of the Canadian
senate.
The best patriot has been defined ns the
man who gets tho most out of his country.
By this standard, tho two worthy citizens
above referred to nre excellent patriots.
Since ills case was drawn to the attention of parliament by Mr. H. H. Stovens,
the $5,000 government employee has come
to the conclusion that he is "placed ln a
fals.> light," and hns offered to resign his
position. The offer Should bo accepted. A
wide-awake administration would have beaten bim to it.
The senator wtll not resign nnd cannot be
fired. If he is thick-skinned onough to Insist upon having his pension as well as his
sessional Indemnity, there probably isn't
any way lo prevent It except by n special
net of parliament.
Such conduct .flakes a painful impression
on the public mind. Tho pension roll should
be a roll of honor. What will it bo if it is
loaded up with this sort of thingi
White Canvas Footwear
—for the entire family—
LOWER PRICES AT SPENCER'S
There will be lots of them worn this Summer. The extra
daylight will mean greater time for recreation, and this style
of footwear is just what you want for most forms of sport.
Fit the whole family out and save on your shoe bill.
w.  H.   HOOF
Orcniiian- for the International Retnil Clerks'
UKsiH-ii-ii'in, win. is giving Vancouver un*
ionislw a helping hand in the .ale of Lahor
Templo  shares,   at)   well  ax   currying on a
vigorous  membership   campaign
half of his organization.
Women's White Regatta High-
top Boots—Solid heel; pr 82.50
Women's White Yachting Oxfords—Per pair $1.45
Women's White Yachting Boots
—Per pair »1.66
Women's White Pumps—Bubber
sole, solid hool  $2.25
Women's Blue Holiday Oxfords
—Por pnir    76c
Hisses'   White
heel .
Pumps — Solid
$1.60
he*
MAY DAY IH RUSSIA
Authority Given for Establishment of Safety First
Regulations
Child's White Pumps—Pair $1.46
Misses' White Begatta High-top
-  Boots—Per pair  $2.25
Child's White High-cut Begatta
Boot—Por pair   $1.76
Misses' White Yachting Boot—
Por pair  $1.25
Child's White Yachting Boots—
Por pair  ...$1.00
Child's White Yachting Oxfords
—Por pnir    90c
Men's White Yachting Shoes—
Bost quality white duck, white
rubber solos; all sizes; pr $1.95
Men's White Yachting Oxfords
—All sizes $1.55
Men's Athletic Shoes—Dark bluo.
Por pair $1.46
Men's   Athletic   Oxfords—Dark
bluo $1.26
Boys' White Yachting Shoes—At
por puir $1.65
Boys' White Yachting Oxfords—
Per pair $1.60
Boys'   "Bed Fox"   Shoes—Per
pair  $1.96
Boys' "Bed Fox" Oxfords—Per
pair  .'.  $1.75
Youths' "Bed Fox" Shoes—Per
pair   $1.50
Youths' Black Athletic Shoes—
Por pair $1.15
Youths' Black Athletic Oxfords—
I'or pair     95c
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
If yon haven't joined the Federated Labor
Party, get in touch wtth Secretary Twtter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the province. ***
More Coffee Satisfaction
MORE   "pep";    more   appetite   producing
aroma; more real goodness—be it morning
or evening—in a cup of—
NABOB IS COFFEE
AND why?  Merely because every whit of the
flavor-producing oils are kept ftnprisoned in
the VACUUM can, until the day you first open it.
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.        Vancouver, B. 0.
Darned Poor Servant"—Question  Solved.
Editor B. C, Federationist: In the youthful
dayB of the fair city of Vancouver, the sun
of democracy and freedom shed its rays upon
"our" land, with much the samo Intensity
as at tho present time. Wc bad lots of
uplifti-rs male and female, bunk ts, lawyers,
preachers, pimps and prostitutes, together
with all the paraphernalia of civilization
and Christianity, such as churches, jails,
courthouses, bawdy houses, bar-rooms, with
the Salvation Army barracks thrown ln for
good  measure.        *
Our great resources woro well and wonderfully advertised in tho east,    w= na,i H
MAKE THE
SACK
LAST
LONGER
PLEASE THE
MEMBERS
0*F THB
FAMILY
BY COMBINING WITH YOUR
Royal Standard Wheat Flour
uciiun, »», ,. _ -.._.     We had a
land flowing with milk and honey, and easy
money could be picked up without taking
your hands out of your pockots.
To thla joyful message of high old times
a sturdy bunch of working plugs responded,
Wo had lots of work, a city to build, and galores of men to du it.
We had streets to grade and sidewalks
to lay, for our own comfort and convenience as well as the even more laudable
purpose of catching the suckers, who were
also beginning to dribble in from less favored parts of tho globe.
Captains of industry were in the budding
stago and numerous enterprises were launched until the working plugs began to yearn
for a pay day. Then they busted—reorgan-
lied and busted again'—until tho pay-
trlotlcally prominent citizens wero firmly
rooted In this fertile field of virtue.
To boost and beautify our youthful city,
we employed all the appliances of Christian civilisation, even to the chain gang. In
fact, nearly all our labor was done on tho
gang principle, ten men to one boss, a ft.ro-
cIoub appearance with Intelligence to match
being his main qualification. When one of
tho knights of the shovel paused to straighten the kink out of his back he would gently   remonstrate  with   him   in   this   manner:
"Look   a-here,   you   lazy   son   of  a   b-* ,
get to h— out here"—and £he wages were
two bucks per day I Of courso they' were
not compelled to work for us, as their birthright us free-horn Britishers gave thein the
privilege of going to (Stanley Park and
cutting their throats or jumping Into the
turbid waters of the Narrows if tltey could
boot thc cops to It, an opportunity which
many availed themselves of.
But those good old dnys nre past nnd
gone. What with socialists, Lahor unions,
I. W. W. and othor pro-German affairs destroying the gullibility—I mean patriotism
of tho working plugs—our lives are becoming a continual nightmare, and these Insatiable creatures art; demanding $(1.50 per dny
and getting away with It.
With their stupendous impudence they
will next be demanding that we whack up
our stock of boose that we cached away before April 1st, nnd to some of ns sugar
KnlserH and renl estate potentates this will
sure be the lust, straw.
But nil Is not yet lostt There Is ono
Moses looming up. His is the only rem 'dy
sifggestod which smiles of intelligent statesmanship. Ho will conscript tho wholo caboodle of thom, male and female, and then
tho stigma will no longer stick to ns, that
"our" working class mako "darned poor
servants." It Is easy whon yon know how
PAYTMOT.
Kamloops,   B.  (..,   May  10.
May day was notably celebrated throughout Russia by tho Soviets. The Soviet proclamation declared the day doubly important
ns it also marked the end of government in
Russia and the firm establishment of the Soviet power.
Tho Moscow celebration centred ahout tho
Rod Square, adjoining tho Kremlin, where
the victims of the October revolution are
buried. Probably 100,000 working men and
working women of tho various unions, bear
ing gigantic red banners, proclaiming International socialism and extolling tbo Soviet
government, marched in review before the
members of tho contral govornment, grouped
about graves of tho revolutionists. The
streets were decorated with red minting.
Thousands of sailors and soldierB, representing all services of the Red military establishments, participated in the parado and
patrolled the streetB, Perfect grder wns
maintained.
Count von Mirbach, the German ambassador, * together with the Turkish ambassador,
watched the parade from an automobile,
and later went to the drill grounds, where
beon Trotsky, war minister, reviewed tho
troops. Trotzky, accompanied by hundreds
of working men nnd several membors of his
staff, preceded the procession of troops to
the revlowing point.—Associated Press dispatch.
In tho land of the much-vilified Bolsheviki, where "anarchy runs riot,"
and wicked deeds of violence and murder are indulged in as the common pastime of a people who have suddenly liberated themselves from the wise, paternal and wholesome restraint of their
erstwhile bettor classes (according to
current accounts) International Labor
Dny is fittingly celebrated by countless
thousands of workers, who thus extend
fraternal greetings to the workers of
all other lands and proclaim their devotion to peace, liberty and fratornity
throughout tho earth. In other landB
where ruling class "law and ordor"
prevails, millions of enslaved workers
still joyously cut and carve and mutilate and murder each other at the word
'of command from their masters, while
the ruling class God of War, with slavering jaws, with "wild dishevelled
looks and shod in iron sandals," triumphantly defends civilization against the
wicked attack of the savage, the barbarian, the reactionary and the hypocrite.
But though glorious the spectacle and
striking the comparison, it does seem
that out of the situation there might
be found a most scathing commentary
upon thc intelligence of the slaves of
those lands outside of tho territory of
the late Cznr, now plain Mr. Romanoff.
thc
to
'ONE STROKE OF THY
STRONG ARM, OH LABOR!'
A numbor of nmendmonts to
Workmen's Compensation Aet were
passed at tho recent session of thc B.
C. legislature. These dealt principally
with the provision by employers of
safety appliances. An amendment wns
also made to the effect thnt tho decision of the board shnll be upon the merits and justice of the case, and that tho
board shnll not be bound to follow
strict legal proccdent.
Tho  nmendment  with  reference
safety devices is ns follows:
(1.) Where in any employment or place
of employment safety devices or appliances
are In tho opinion of tho bonrd necessary
for the prevention of accidents or of industrial diseases, tho board may order tho
installation or adoption of such devices and
appliances, and may fix a reasonable time
within whioh tbey shall bo Installed or
adopted, and tho board shall givo notice
thereof to thc employer.
"(2.) In nny case where safety devices
or appliarcos are by order of tho board
under this section required to be Installed
or adopted, or aro prescribed by the regulations, and the employer falls, neglects, or
refuses to Instal and adopt such safety devices or appliances In nny employment or
placo of employment in accordance with tho
terms of th? order or regulations, and to
the satisfaction of the board, or where under the circumstances the board is of opinion that conditions of immediate danger exist In any employment or place of employ,
mont which would otherwise bo likely to result in the loss of life or serious Injury
to the workmen employed therein, the bonrd
may, In its discretion, order the employer
to forthwith close down the whols or any
part of such employment or place of employment and the Industry carried on there- I
in, and the hoard shall notify tho employer
of such order.
"(8.) Every employer who fails, neglects,
or r.'fuses to comply with nny order mnde
by the hoard undor subsection (2) shall be
guilty of nn offenco ngninst this Pnrt, nnd
each day's continuance of any such failure,
neglect, or refusal to comply shall constitute n new and distinct offenco."
Subsection 2 of See. 6, Clause 77, was
amended to r?od: "If the injury docs not
disable the workman longer thnn the period
of throe days, exclusive af nny holiday upon
which the man would not in the usual
course of his employment have worked, from
earning full wages at th? work' at which
he was employed, no compensation, other
than medical nid, shnll be payable undor
this part. If the injury disables the workman longer than tho period of throe days,
no compensation, otber than medical aid,
shall bo payablo for the first three days
of disability reckoned exclusively of any
such holiday."
Subsection 8 of Section 2, Clause 77, was
amended as follows: *'' Employers in any
Industries In which it is deemed proper mny
be requlrod hy tho board to maintain, as
may ob directed by the bonrd, Buch flrst
aid appliances and service as the board may
direct, and the bonrd may make such order
respecting tho expense thereof as may be
deemed just."
YOU'RE    THB    JUDGE I
ol the -statement that our Office Supplier
tnd Stationers' Sundries stock it the best
In B. C. Come ln and look ns over!
617 VIEW ST.
WIRING CONTRACTORS
Expert Repairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvis Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Richards Btreet
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETB
first and third Thursdays. Executivo
board: President, Q. J, Kelly; vice-president,
P. W. Welsh; secretary and business agent,
V. R. Midgloy; treasurer, F. Knowles; sergeant-at-arms, J. F. Foole; trustees: J. H.
MoVety, W. R. Trotter, A, J. Crawford, F.
A. Hoover.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES  COUNOIL—
Mseta second Monday la the month. President, Os*. Bartley;  seoretary, R.  H.  Nee*
lands, P.O. Box 60.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tional Unitn ol America, Loeal No. lio—
Masts second and fourth Tuesday* la Ua
moath, Room 306, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; seoretary, S. H. Orant, 1671
Alberni street.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite labor Temple
VAMOOWBB. B. O.
—Headquarters for Labor Men-
Rates— 75o and $1.00 per day.
63.60 per week and np.
Oaf* at Baawnawa BMW
We are In Russia. The Neva Is frozon.
Heavy carriages roll upon Its surface. They
improvise a city. They lay out streets.
They build houses. They buy. They sell.
They laugh. They dance. They permit
themselves anything. They even light fires
on this water become granite. There is win-
tor, there Is ice and they shall last for
ever. A gleam pale and wan spreads over
tho sky and one would Bay that tho sun is
dead. But no, thou are not dead, oh Liborty I At an hour when they have most profoundly forgotten thee; at a moment when
they least expect tine, thou shalt rise, oh,
dazzling sight I Thou shult shoot thy bright
and burning rays, thy heat, thy life, on all
this mass of ice becomo hideous and dead.
Do you hear that dull thud, that crackling,
deep and dreadful! 'Tls the Neva tearing
loose. You said it was granite. Sje, It
splits like glass. 'Tis the breaking of tho
Ice, I tell you. 'Tls the water alive, joyous and terrible. Progress recommences.
'Tis humanity again beginning its march.
'Tig the river which retakes Its course, uproots, mangles, strikes together, crushes and
drowns in its waves not only the empire of
the upstart Czar Nicholas, but all of thc
relics of ancient and modem despotism. That
trestle work floating awayt It Is the throna.
Thnt othor trestle? It is-tho scaffold. That
old book hnlf sunk I It Is the old code of cap
tnllst Inws and morals. That old rookoryf
It is a tenement house In which wage slaves
lived. Hse theso all pass by; passing by
never moro to return { and for this Immense
engulfing, for this supremo victory of life
over death, whnt has been the power necessary? One of thy looks, oh, sun I Ons
stroke of thy strong arm, oh, Labor I—
Victor Hugo. *
Empress Theatre Notes,
numbor of letters hnvo been received
by the management, requesting that the
writers ho nllowed to witness behind the
scenes the grent sandstorm scene which wo
announce for tho coming production of "The
Winning of Barbara Worth"; hut as this
big mechanical effect takes up so much room,
ft would he impossible to grant the many
requests. This great play was dramatized
from the widely read book; but in making
It Into a play the dramatist added a number
of unique stage effects that have created a
positive sonsation wherever this play has
b 'en produced. Mr. Jerome Sheldon, a
talented Eastern actor, will mako his initial
bow to Vancouver audiences in ono of the
grent parts of this  splendid play.
Six thousand acres of Wisconsin land have
recently been purchased by Chinese farmers,
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
130 OnnfUle Street
BIS Hutlnii Street Wut
—AT EACH BAKING—
Royal Standard Rye Flour
Acclaimed by scores of housewives as a delightful substitute
Flour.
Like your favorite "ROYAL STANDARD WHEAT FLOUR"
it is milled in Vancouver by skilled and well-paid workmen,
and you will find pleasing economy in its use.   Tt will ensure
you a conservation loaf that has no equal.
(Both Flours at aU Orocers)
BRITISH "LABOR PARTY.
	
Y."
THE RAMONAPP FAMILY
'Pood will win the wnr."   Whoso food—German or Cnnndinn?
The adjourned confer-nee of tho Labor
party, which took place on thc 261b of last
month, accepted the proposal to throw open
tho ranks to all workers "by hand or brain."
This mentis that, though Labor is become a
national 'patty, it will, of course, remain a
working class party, but in a much broader
sense. Howev.-r, we must guard against the
machinations nf the radical element of the
old parties, who have mid are giving lip-service to advanced principles, but who always
como down on the side of tho cnpitnlist
ngninst tbe worker.
During tbe next few years It might easily
become the largest political pnrty in the
country, and, in fact, we think no other party
has lho vision, the disinterestedness, ths freedom from political shibboleths requisite to
meet the after-the-wnr situation; no other
pnrty has bud tlie capacity to preparo n com*
prehanslvfl plan of reconstruction or a statement of wnr aims—or as we prefer to call
them, pence alms, for Labor is supporting
the nation in Ibis war because she desires
pence In the future,
We trust every member will take more
tlmn a casual Interest In Ibis question. We
may hnvu emphasized In the pnst the paramount Importance of tlie economic factor,
but thnt was in the dnj'K when not one in
ten of our members had th*- chanco to vote
for a direct Lnbor candidate. Now lhat* al-
iiiobI   every member,  Including thousands  of
[St. Louis Post-Dispatch]
Tho Russian govornment haB limited the
allowance of tlie Romanoff family to $1-50
a month, so that now tho former czar and
his dependents will havo to worry along on
an incomo smaller than the earnings of
one of those Juvenile grip toters at Union
Station or an energetic bellhop. Mrs. Romanoff no doubt will do tho family shopping
on a cnsh-nml-cnrry basis, will hoard trading stamps, stand off the installment man,
borrow phonograph records nnd forgot to
send them bnck, nboll the coffee grounds,
scrape tbe potatoes Instead of peeling
tbem, let the children go barefoot to save
their shoes, drop a kopeck in contribution
box at church, and—tell hor acquaintances
that goodncHs knows her husband mokes
money enough to afford a 7-passonger car,
but she nev?r did like motor cars and
wouldn't have one as a gift.
ZURICH. Switzerland.—The Austro-Hun-
garian situation is becoming Borions. Vienna
workers are organizing against the authorities, while the German Nationalists are demanding that Premier  Seyler resign.
AMSTERDAM.—Tho German govornment
says It Is unable to demand tho removal
of tho r?d flag from tho Russian embassy
at Berlin, as it had been recognized the
color of the Russian republic. Tho government made Ibis announcement in reply to
protests of Conservative numbers of the
reichstag, who considered the flying of n
red flag In Germany provocative.
If you want
good value
for your money
and
ALL-WOOL
MATERIAL
0
CALL AND SEE
J. H. More
LADIES' AND GENTS'
TAILOR
431 Homer Street
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boata, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phona na day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
■or. «4-5-6 Union Station
COAL
Mined on Pacific Ooaat
WOOD
McNeill, Welch,
Wilson, Ltd.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—Meete every eecond and fourth
Monday evening, S p.m., Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatley, phone Fair. 2992L;
financial seoretary, G. Thom; reeordlnc aeoretary, J. R. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Phone   Sey.   7485.
BROTHERHOOD    OF    BOILER    MAKERS
ud Inn BUp Builders and Helpers of
America, Vanoenver- Lodge Mo.   104—abate
overy Monday, 8 p.m.   President, M. A.THc-
Eaehern,   1245 Alberni  St.;   secrotary-treas
urer, Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe St.; business
"   E. Carmlchael, dooml 312, Labor
______
COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES,
Loul 38—Hoot* every flrat and third
Wedneaday at 2:80 p.m.; aeoond and fonrth
Wednesdays at 9:00 p-m., Labor Temple,
President, Fred. Harris; aeeretary and basl-
nese agnt, Wm. Mackensle, Room 209, Labor
Tomple. Offloe boars, 11 to 12 noon; 2 to
S 9M. 	
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Loeal No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m.. Labor
Temple. Preeldent, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodle
■treet, New Weatminster; vice-president, P.
Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple, Phone Sey.
74*5.
Fair. 2800
1620 Main Street
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 218
—Meeta in Room 20S, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
McDeagall, 1162 Powell atreet; rocordlng
seeretary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple;
financial secretary and business agent, E, H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
eoelstloa, Loeal 8852—Offloe and hall, 804
Pender street west. Moots every Friday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent,  L.  Marsb.
I. L. A., LOCAL 88-62, AUXILIARY-
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 488 Howe street.
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary aad bnsiness agent, E. Winch.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 648—Meets
first aad third Tuesdays of eaoh month,
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lane; recording seoretary, E. Lofting; financial seoretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, S67 Homer stroet.
CENTER & HANNA, Ui
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1040 GEORGIA STBBBT
One Block west of Court Houi«
Use of Modern Chapel (tnd
Funeral Parlori free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Beymour 2426
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
Amorica (Vanconver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and (oarth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MoDoagall, 1028 Grant street; flnanolal seeretary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venables atreet;
reesrdiag secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247
Point tray road.   Phone Bayview 2979L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, FASTENERS AND
Riggers, I, L. A., Local Union -S8A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 6 p.m. President, J.
Sully; flnanclal seoretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Hardy. Offlee, Room 219-220, Labor
Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM-
ployoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeta
Labor Temple, second and fonrth Wednesdays at 8 P.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S, Cleveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street.
Phone High. 166R; financial seoretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offloe comer Prior and Main streete;
GENERAL TEAMSTERS7 AND OHAUF-
fears' Union, Local No. 665—Meete every
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. J.
Brown; business agent, J, F. Poole,. 416
Twenty-first avenne east, Phone Fair. 716R;
flnanolal seeretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Robson street. Phone Sey. 5678. Office, 587
Homer etreet.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Meets
list Sunday ot each month at 2 p.m.   President,  R.  Marshall;  vice-president, W. H.
T—'" ■ secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelanda,
Jordan
Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meete in
annual convention In January. Executive
officers, 1018-19: President, Duncan McCallum, Lsbor Temple, Vancouver; vice-presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prinoe
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Pernle. Secre tnry-treasuror, A. 8. Wells, Box
1588, Victoria, B. C.
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Meots flrst and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias HaU, North
Park street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T. Dooley; secretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B. C.
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produce! a Hne dreamy Lather
and Doei Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln BrltlBh Columbia
PRINOB BUPERT.  B.  0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Connell—Meets seoond and fourth Tuesday! of each month, ln Carpenters' hall.
Prosldent, S. D, Macdonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Rnpert, fi. 0.
SOUTH ___________ V. I-
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets eecond and fourth Sundays of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident, Walter Hend; vice-president, Androw
Parker; recording seoretary, James Bateman;
flnanclal secretary, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
CLELLAND-DIBBLE ENGRAVING COMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Phone Soymour 7168
Third Floor, World Building
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
—Tho only Union Shop  In Vancouvor— FRIDAY. .'...May 17, 1618
THE BRITISH" COLUMBIA FEDERATIONS?.
These Overalls
For Women
Are Very Popular
For around the house, the garden, the farm, for outing, fishing, and hunting, women find
these Peabody Overalls the most
satisfactory garments ever
made. They permit perfect freedom of all parts of the body, and
at the same time they are smart
and make one look desirable and
suitably dressed. One and two-
piece styles at $2.50 to $4.50.
^(OhpButJsons Bay Company.^
Granville and Georgia Streets
PAINTS
Dependable quality, reasonable price
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 GRANVILLE STREET
Join the Federated Labor Party
Here is your opportunity to become a member-at-large of the Federated Labor Party. If there is a branoh of the party in your looality
it is surmised that you have already joined. But if there is no Local,
you can fill out the following application and become a member-at-
large, until such time as a branch is formed. If you are a member
of the working class, there is no reason why you should not be a
member of the party. It's not the matter of the dollar a year, It's
the matter of organization. An organization must be secured, so that
the strength before eleetion day will be known and the membership
can then act accordingly.
THE FEDERATED LABOB FABTT
The Federated Labor Party ia organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation and the collective ownership and democratic
operation of the means of wealth production.
Application for Membership
The undersigned endorses and subscribes to the furtherance of the
declared object of the party.
Occupation  Address
..Phone number
Together with membership foe of one dollar, mail to secretary,
W. E. Trotter, Room 206 Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C, and obtain
membership card und official receipt.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants '
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agont or Write
DISTRICT PASSENGER AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W., VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymour 2482
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands. The
finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who
have gone in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Land Cruiser
'    PACIFIC OREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
WELTON BLOCK VANOOUVER, B. 0.
PAGE Sift
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
—BUT THE PRODUCTS OF THE—
-VANCOUVER BREWERIES, LTD.-
Because they are equal or better than any other similar products, let
them come from where they may
-ASK FOR—
Cascade Beer
THE BEER WITHOUT A FEES
Alexandra Stout
THE DRINK THAT SATISFIES
t&Z Soda Water
FULL LINE, PUBE FRUIT FLAVORS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
How Powers of Darkness
Thwart the Efforts
of Holiness
That a spirit of bitter antagonism exists between tho professional sky pilot
class and the husky toilers of British
Columbia, waa made sufficiently apparent at a "Brotherhood" meeting in the
parlor of St. John's Presbyterian church
on a recent Sunday afternoon. The
principal speaker was Rev, G. A. Wilson, D. D., superintendent of "home
missions" for the province; and as the
meeting was publicly announced in the
press and was evidently open to all and
sundry—men and youths, at any rate—
thero does not seem to be any valid reason why the reverend gentleman's remarks should not be made known to a
larger public than the score or bo who
were present, although he prefaced his
talk with the hint, "Theso are not
thingB that I wish published.''
To prevent too great a gloom settling
down on tho meeting during his disclosures, he flrst intimated that prospects were brighter now than they had
been, one of tho reasons being that railway construction had been shut down*,
thousands of laborera had gone, and the
B. O. '' missionaries'' in the up-country
districts had "not that clement to contend with" any longer. Where they
had gone, or who had them to "contend
with" now, tho speaker evidently did
not worry about.
The first trouble was that, in a small
community such as a mining colony,
the missionary couldn't do as he liked.
'' Tou have to secure the utmost assistance from everyone—Christian or not.
For the purpose of increasing your numerical strength, you have to weaken
your moral power/' he said. He then
went on to complain of the mine-owners
and their officials, who ran their mills
Sunday as well as week-day, for the
sake of a profit, and generally manifested "no regard for decency or the laws
of the province." A new "boss," for
instance, comes to take charge. "Ho
brings a woman with him and they live
in a tent. She's his stenographer when
they live in town; and when they go on
tho train, she's his wife." He proceeds
to turn out the missionary- and the
schoolmaster; "everybody must do
just as he says, or they lose thoir job.''
Then, turning to tho working element
Dr. Wilson deplored that they had
lost all touch whatevor with the
church." At Cumberland, only about
one miner ever entered the church. Further, thero was an "anti-Christian socialism present, actively opposed to the
church." In Cumberland they had actually set flre to it—"at least, it was
set fire to; I don't knpw who did it,"
he corrected. "They leoX that if they
could get rid of you, they would be doing yeoman servico to the community.,;
Even the women had this feeling; one
woman had actually asserted that
"they would be prosperous and happy
if they could get rid of the idea of
God."
In the North Thompson district, men
and womon were living together without
any marriage having been performed.
"A man brings in another woman whilo
his wife is ill, and cohabits with hor in
another bed in the samo room." In
ono instance, ho spoke of a woman
"sorving" 29 Austrians in ono night
at $3 a head! Even tho hospitals' were
"simply homes for women who live an
infamous life." Sometimes, men insisted on their own wives going into
theso same hospitals—for certain purposes!
"Just what is at thc bottom of it,
and how to get at it, is a different matter," he said. Apparently the church
was losing out; once thero were seven
missionaries between here and Prince
Rupert, and now there was only one.
Thero was a "slump in mission funds."
Another B. C. missionary, Rev. Osborn, also spoko of thc socialist element; thoy were out for pure selfishness, had no regard for God or man,
and were against tho govornment always unless they could get just what
thoy wanted.
Dr. Smith, the minister of St. John's,
referred to "this socialist business "as
something from the old country—only
moro oponly "anarchistic." In England the men wero simply indifferent,
but the children could bo got hold of,
and "if you get hold of the young
people, there's still hope," he said.
In tho course of further discussion,
blame was laid on tho police and tho
attorney-general; and it was understood
that somo of the facts should be put
into writing and discussed next Sunday
with a view to concerted action.
On tho whole, it was a "bluo" afternoon in this stuffy church parlor; and
perhaps thoso ''unco guid'' peoplo
would have had a saner view of life if
thoy had spent the time basking in tho
sunshine on tho beach. Yet again, perhaps they would have frowned on the
"kiddies"   for   being   happy  on  tho
Snwbath," perhaps even on the sun
for shining, and tho waves for rippling,
on Sunday!   Ono never knows.
But there wero ono or two touches of
humor. For instance, ex-Aid. Ramsay,
as chair man, apologizing for the small
attendance, sturdily proclaimed, "If wc
haven't the numbers here, wn have
quality," to which was responded n
heartily sincere "Hear, hear." Again,
beforc singing his solo, "Hosanna in
Excclsis," W, R. Dunlop explained that
he had boon unable to get anyone else;
and so, as he put it, "I had to fall buck
on myself! " Mr. Dunlop is understood
to be Scotch—not Irish! He did his
little stunt quite nicely, just tho samo,
DUBLIN.—William Pedler, nn American
riti7.cn, was Bonis.1 n cod by u magistrate to
four months' imprisonment for drilling mon
nt night near Dublin. At the request of thn
military authorities tho magistrate ordered
Podlor deported after ho hnd served the
sentence.
LONDON.'—Tho Labor pnrty hns issued
nn appeal signed by its lender, Arthur Henderson, asking for funds to finance its campaign in furtherance of its programme of
war aims and social reconstruction and also
for the electfon of Labor members of tho
houso. "The importance of tho issues to be
mised at tb? next election," says the despatch, "makes it necessary for the Labor
party to plnco candidates in practically all
constituencies in England, Scotland and
Wales."
JOSEPH TAYLOR
Vice-president of the B. O. Federation of
Labor, Victoria; manager of Victoria
Labor Temple, and District vice-president
of the I, L. A., who returned home yesterday via Vancouver from attending the
Seattle convention of Longshoremen,    -
LETTER CARRIERS
Emphatically Object to the
Prussianization of the
Civil Service
[By Robert Wight]
At the regular monthly meeting of
branch No. 12, Federated Association of
Letter Carriers, the branch went on record as being very strongly opposed to,
and offers strenuous objections to the
enactment of clause 35, Sub-section 1
and 2, of Bill No. 53, entituled: "The
divil Service Act, 1918," now under
discussion by parliament, and which is
as follows:
Part II, Sec. 36—Political Partisanship
(1) No deputy head, officer, clerk
or employee in the public service
shall be debarred from, voting at any
Dominion or provincial election if,
under the laws governing the said
oltetion, he has the right to vote; but
no such deputy head, officer, clerk or
employee shall engage in partizan
work in connection with any such
election, or contribute, recoivo or in
any way deal with any money for
any purty funds. 1908, Sec. 43, amended.
(2) Any porson violating any of
the provisions of this section shall be
guilty of an offence and liable, upon
summary conviction, to a fine not -exceeding five hundred dollars or imprisonment for any period not exceeding
one month and to be dismissed from
the public service (new).
It will be noted that the old act has
been amended in this respect, by additions from where the original section
terminated, that is, after the words
"any such olection" on the sixth line
thereof, all of said ndditions being entirely new, and, in our opinion, vory
drastic, tho whole being an abrogation
of tho rights of British citizenship.
Aa citizens, we beg to protest against
any such enactments, which, no doubt,
has beon dono with a view to, apparent- i
ly, no good purpose, by a body of well-
moaning representatives, who, unfortunately in their haBte, had not thc courtesy to ascertain the wishes of those affected.
We deny tho right of nny man or
body of men, howover sincere, to tnke
from us our hard won liberties, especially our citizenship, which this undoubtedly calls for.
British citizenship, ns we understand
it, carries with it full political rights,
which is, not only the right to vote,
but, the right to full and free expression of our political opinions ns ffee
Canadians, nnd also, the right to bo
voted for and ns a representative, for
and on behalf of any section of thc people, if so desired.
During tho last four years, mnny of
our brother employees have shed their
hearts' blood for tho cause of freedom
and democracy, and many of those who
havo been fortunate to return, are now
working with us, and will bo especially
affected by this legislation.
Wo thereforo respectfully demand
tho total abolition of the whole clause,
Section .'iy of Bill 53, thereby ensuring
tho evident fact, that if democracy is
worth lighting tor, it is worth having.
FED. fill
S
OF I ffig
Guardian Says Censorship
One of Worst Enemies of
War Efficiency
The Manchester Guardian, one of the
most influential British newspapers, as
well as a number of others, strongly
condemn tho new Canadian Censorship
tions. The Canadian regulations
are more drastic than any put in force
in England.
LONDON, April 20.—The Manchester Guardian severely condemns the
a new censorship regulations in Canada. "Under such ukases it is possible for the government to suppress
any opinion that is distasteful and
any fact that is disagreeable to it.
The public shall be allowed to know
and, so far aB the government is able
to control it, think only what happens to suit the purpose of a small
group of individuals, who for the
time being are masters of the machine
of state. Such an arrangement could
perhaps be defended if governments
were never ignorant, never made mis-
, takes, and never developed corporate
individual interests of their own
which might conflict with the interest of the nation. We know from our
own experience that neither of these
assumptions can be made. There is
no reason to doubt that human nature
is fallible with Canadian ministers as
with Imperial ministers. What we
have been taught is that one of the
worst enemies to the efficient conduct
of the war has been censorship, compulsory and voluntarily. Jn Canada,
far from learning thiB lesion, they
are deliberately intensifying the evil
of censorship.—F. A. Mackenzie."
Omnipotence Assumed
Under the now order—
"It is an offense (d) to print, publish, or publicly express any statement, report or opinion, whieh may
tend to weaken or in any way detract
from the united effort of the people
of Canada in the prosecution of the
war.''
Commenting on this the Neepawa
Used-to-be Free Press says: "This can'
be twisted by lawyers and partizan
magistrates to prohibit the publication
of anything that reflects on the government, because every branch of the government is affected by the war, and is
supposed to co-operate as a whole for
the furtherance of war work. To criticize in any way involves a division of
opinion. So that no matter how damnable any branch of the government may
be it cannot bc exposed and criticized
with a view to effecting improvement.
A DEPARTMENTAL STOBE
CONVERSATION OVERHEARD
Mabel (saleslady) — What's this
union that's making all the fuss?
Ethel—Say, Mabe, if you did not live
at home with your parents, you would
think maybe the union was some real
thing.
Mabel (next day)—Say, Ethel, funny
father asked mo nbout the Clerks'
union, and I told him what you said.
He said it was very true. I don't know
how seme of the girls get along who do
not livo nt home. Further, ho gave mo
the $1.50 you snid was tho sum to join,
so I'll go with you to the next meeting.
$275
***ja
Since we bought the last two carloads of Boston
New York and Chicago Pianos, prices have gone up
We are selling, until further notice, dependable,
well-known Pianos, for $275 to $325, our old prices,
These Pianos are built for use—good action, good
tone, even scale, full metal plate with bushed tuning
pins.
Do not buy these so-called bargain, second-hand
Pianos, when by paying a trifle more you can buy a
new piano fully warranted, and on easy terms.
	
MONTELIUS PIANO
HOUSE, Limited
524-528 Granville Street
"Tou don't have to buy from ns, bnt you will."
OOODTEAE—DOMIHION—MICHELIN
In fact, If it's a good auto tire, we have It.
Look Ovor Oor Now Ante Badlator Ornamaati
MOTOR ACCESSORIES, LTD.
HOWE Sf BBEI AT OEOBOIA UTKOUB Ml
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISE!
WAKE UP-IT'S NOT AN
UNDERTAKER YOU NEED!
ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
TEN 	
SUB. AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
CARDS
_. _ - Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada nut;
SJO have THE FEDERATION IS T mailed to their individual
X addresses at the rate of $1 per year.
Retail Clerks Union Discovering Value of Labor
Paper Publicity
[By W. H, Hoop]
Is there anything in advertising! 1
should Bay there is. It is sometimes
surprising. The Rotuil Clerks' union
printed a list of anion stores in The
Federationist for the bonoilt of Vnncouvor trades unionists, und their
friends. The mail order significance of
tho list of stores wus never contemplated, and it was indeed a pleasure to
got tho informntion from two of tho
large stores so listed that both had re
ceived substantial orders from Powell
River as a rosult of tho advertising.
The workers of Powell Rivor can rest
nssurcd that they have tho thanks and
bost wishes of the Retail Clerks' union,
and further that the clerks handling
uny such mail order goods will givo
very careful supervision to the ship*
ments. The clerks feel somewhat responsible for the highest satisfaction of
tho purchase und goods cun be sent for
ns per price advertised, and tho real
spirit of unionism will obtain. Tho
mail order idea is now, insofar us it
relates to the Cleilts' union, but it noes,
end goes good,
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISEl
WASHINGTON, D. C—We have paid tho
price of privato ownership in millions of
acres of our best, farm lund. We've paid
tho price in our forests, in our conl dr-poRlm,
r In nd.-i gushing with oil.    Wo vo paid tho
price fn building up ovor night fabulous for
tunes,   used   for  tho   undoing  of  the   state.
We've  paid tho price in handicapping   tho
people, in distorting our public and our privato economy, in corrupting our political Uf *
and   in   tainting   tho   very  fountain-head  of
justice.     We've   paid   tho  prico  of private
ownership in   tbe nation  and,    no    mattor
what may be the attitudo of any of us to-
day,  despito  barritra. or abbacies,   the  na- _    _ ...
Hon  is marching straight to  the goal of | baa orpinlwd u Udioa Auxiliary. Thi
public ownership and tho peoplo at last will   .    lu_ „_ ,       .      ...      ...      *
come into their own.—Senator Hiram JoJm*|J*3?-^S*-   ?   ln tbe cllJ"1o WgUHM
T. I. P. Vacancy
H. H. Cook, n member of the executivo committee of Vnncouvor branohj
Federated Labor Party, haa been conscripted and went into bnrriu-ltH on
Wedneaday afternoon.
The   uhj-uiU.I"   union  uf  Montreal
f auch a body.
Confidence, not Camouflage
in the following merchants, is the slogan of orgainzed labor:
CLAMANS LTD., 153 Hastings W.      POTTS & SMALL, 449 Granville St.
DICK'S, LTD., 53 Hastings West. RICKSONS, 820 Granville Street.
WM. DICK, LTD., 33 Hastings W.        FASHION CRAFT, 512 Granville St.
J. A. FLETT & CO., 339 Hastings West.    The first and only hardware
store for the union man.
J. BARLOW, Cigars, Cordova Street. The first and only Cigar Stpre with the
Clerks' Union Store Card, and a full line of Label Cigars, Tobacco, etc.
THE INGLEDEW SHOE STORE-Two soles with but a single thought. The
Union Man and The Ingledew Sole.
,),■"?■
THE PBOPESTY Of AND ISSUEO'bV THE
|    RetailCIerks International Protective Association
THE CLERKS' UNION thank those unions who have notified their membership of the clerks' request for patronage for the above stores. This is labor's
first move to uproot cheSp and underpaid labor, by eliminating waste and centralizing effort in the retail business. The Union Store Card says: Let's Get
Together in a mighty effort.
Our Union Store Card says:
NO FAKE SALES
NO DISGRUNTLED CLERKS
NO NASTY BARGAINS
The Union Clerk means a truthful sale, time spent to see you get a proper
fit; advice regarding color, style and quality. In a word, Confidence, not
Camouflage.
Remember the Store Card is thc index of thc merchant and the man. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY „ May 17, 1918
THE CLERKS' UNION CARD
IS IN CLAMANT
We were the first to recognize
_ w
the organization
This is where Mr. Trades Unionist can do his|bit
and blaze the trail with the great idea
CONFIDENCE
UMIT»    •
153 HASTINGS 8T.W.
Water power for the production of electricity ia utUlied in Swhierland to auch
an extent that in aome towns not an ounce
of eoal la burned.
Arc You
Efficient?
fl This ia the day of efficiency.
There la no place for tho Incompetent. It Ib a matter of conservation of man-power—economy of
effort. The individual must make
the moat of himself. The eyo enters
largely Into tha question of efficiency, and economy is vital to efficiency.
fl Pefeetive eyes cauae serious leak-
age of vital energy—waate of
nerve-force that should l» conserved for keeping tho individual In tit
condition-—efficient.
fl Defective eyea may or may not be
painful. They may not reveal
tttemaelves to their posBeaBor by
visual shortcomings. It ia when
the muscles of accommodation are
straining themselves to their utmost td make seeing possible that
defective eyea are . causing the
moBt damage by depleting Uie
'    store of nerve force in the brain.
fl There ia but one way to determine
tho condition of yonr eyes—that is
by means of an expert nptometrical
examination. And there is but
one remedy for defective eyes—
that Is tho proper glasses, ground
to neutralise the defect. This is
my profession—the examination of
the eyes and the grinding and
fitting of rIbbbss. I offer you eyesight service unsurpassed on thiB
continent. My charges oro moderate.
Seymour  1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager ■
OranviUe Optical Co.
649 ORANVILLE STREET
Below Drysdale's
SONS OF WEALTHY
Veterans'   Convention   at
Winnipeg  Deals  With
Wholesome Truths
ThatJ-here aro a lumber of young
mon at Ottawa holding mate's certificates, who havo been put into the naval
department to avoid conscription, was
the opinion expressed on Monday by
Major F. J. Eothwell, Ottawa, delegate
and permanent chairman of the convention of Army and Navy Veterans, in
sossion at Winnipeg thia week.
"These men, therefore, in my opinion," said Major Eothwell, "are trying
to avoid conscription. They aid sons of
prominent and wealthy men it most instances. They hold mate's certificates,
and they couldnt' navigate a 'bum'
boat."
OF
Vancouver  Labor  Council
Opposes City Contract
Labor
Machinists Ladles'  Auxiliary
The noxt nieeting of tho Ladies'
Auxiliary will bo hold in thc Labor
Tomplo, Tuesday, May 21. All members are urged to attend. Mothors,
wives, unmarried Bisters and daughters
over 10 of members of all Machinist
lodges aro qualified for membership.
The charter supplies havo nrrived.
Shipyard Laborers
Thirty-six new members were initiated by the Shipyard Laborers at a
vvcll-attendooT meeting. The union on-
dorsod the 44-hour proposal of tho
Motal Trades executivo. B.iBiness
Agont Hardy reported the proceedings
of the I. L. A. convention held in
Souttlo. H. H. Glow and John Sully
were cloctod delegates to tho Metal
Trades Council.
Splendid Values in
Novelty
Ribbons
Consisting of Dresdens,
Persians, warp printed
floral effects, jacquards,
brocades, plaids and stripe
effects. Descriptions and
priceB follow:
Special 29^ per yard—
Pour-inch Floral and Pencil Stripe Ribbons in a
large assortment.'
Special 35$ per yard—
41/2-inch Dresden Ribbons,
taffqta finish, in light and
dark colors.
Special 39*^ per yard—
41/2-inch and. 5-inch Brocades, Moires and Jae-
quard effeotB in self colors
as follows: Pink, old rose,
cardinal, Nile, Paddy sky,
Alice, Copenhagen, navy,
maize, gold, helio, purple,
ivory and blaok.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Quality
Clothes
Ready-f or-Service or Tailor-
ed-to-Measure.
Satisfaction assured in either
case.
Thos. Foster & Go.
Limited
514 Granville Street
Unions Beport Progress and
Are Busy With Battles
of Labor
Vancouver Trade and Labor Council
adopted the following resolution, introduced by Del. Pritchard, at its session
last night:
"Whereas, we, as wage-workers, compelled to resist the encroachments of
capital, and nlso to bargain for higher
wages in view of advancing prices,
often find ourselves unable to satisfactorily arbitrate, can only go on strike
in an attempt to force our mandate,
and
"Whereas, our chances of success ih-
eretiso^when tho possibility of our
places* being taken by other workers
when on strike decreases; therefore be
it
"Resolved that wo, the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, heartily appreciate the sentiments expressed by
the Great War Veterans at their recent convention, to the offect that they
would refuse to act as strikebreakers,
und be it further
"Resolved, that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the Great War
Veterans' Association, Tho B. C. Fedorationist, Vancouver World, Vancouver Provinco, Vancouver Sun, and Hie
minister of labor at Ottawa."
Opposes Oity Contract Labor
The following resolution, introduced
by Del. MeVety, was also adopted:
"Whereas, Alderman Kirk Is advocating that work now done fonthe city
by day labor be let out to contractors;
and
"WhereaB, this system has boen tried
and rejected in overy major city in the
United States and Canada;
"Resolved, that this council is op-,
posod to the contract system in connection with city work nnd particularly
that of tho flre department and believes that the work of tho chairman
of the finnnce committeo could be contracted to better advantage."
Deference to' Dead Firemen
Upon motion the council utood in
silence for one minute in deference to
the five mombors of the Firemen's
1 union who hud been accidentally killed
in the performance of their duty during the pust woek.
Communications
Communications wero received from
Major Cooper, S, J. Crowo and H. H,
Stevens, all of Ottawa, dealing with
council's objection to treatment of roturned soldiers suffering from mental
trouble. In connection with this matter, H. A. Armstrong, deputy minister,
stated that "fully 50 por cent, of insane patients were insane before enlistment." -,
From Geo. Bushnrd and B. \V. North
rop, ro council's request for an increase
for Letter Carriers.
From Canadft Food Board, xfi council's complaint on eastern firm getting
contract for S. 0. S. uniform to the
effoct that western firms are at liberty
to mako and soil uniforms.
From Steam and Operating Engineers
to the effect that city engineer was
trying to get out of paying union Bcale
to engineers on road rollers.
From Great War Veterans' Association, asking council if committeo from
that organization could meet with councU. Matter is in hands of executive.
Also communication from same association, asking council's advisability of
forming a watchmen's union, as position of watchman is usually filled by
roturned soldiers. Information favorable.
Wage scale frtfm Marine Firemen
and Oilers endorsed by council.
Major Cooper Heard From
From Major Cooper regarding council's censure of bis remarks regarding
"aliens in unions." Replied to by secretary as follows:
"Vancouver, May 16, 1018.
"Major R. C. Cooper, M.Pt,
"House of Commons,
"Ottawa, Ont.
"Dear Sir.—Your letter of the 9th
inst. addressed to the president has
boon considered by this council and I
have been directed to reply.
"Our members were very much
amused at your gentle chiding for allowing ourselves to be carried away by
incomplete newspapor reports, considering that wo had tho Hansard before us
when the question was before the moeting. Your reference to tho "immature
reporter's ideas" is indeed refreshing
coming from a new momber of the
house when the years of experience of
the men in the Ottawa press gallery
is taken into consideration.
"We havo again road your remarks
very carefully to nseortain wherein we
have done you an injustice but find
that in addition to the statement that
one-third of tho members of the unions
in Canada aro oncmy or neutral aliens
you also go on record in favor of the
death penalty for aliens from onemy
countries and attempt to justify this
course by stating that it is done in
Germany. In another placo you Btato:
'On Friday the leader of the opposition
denounced autocracy in no uncertain
tones. That may be all right from the
standpoint of the citizen, but as a soldier I say that as long as this wnr continues, long live autocracy.' Your
statement that 'sonic of our industries
in British Columbia, notably the railways and tho mines, aro practically
controlled by enemy aliens of Austrian
or German birth,' has no more foundation in fact than your statement that
thoBe men aro receiving $12 or $14 per
day for their labor. However, if your
contention regarding the mint's applies
to Vancouver Island we have a distinct
recollection of a strike of citizen miners
who were driven from pillnr to post
and out of tho country to make way
for aliens and that yourself and others
as oflicers of the militia woro used to
good advantage in bringing that very
desirable rosult, from the viewpoint of
tho employers, ubout.
Probably you had this in mind when
concluding your letter with tlie statement that Labor has your good will
whenever its aims arc in thc best intorests of tho community nnd country?
We note that although we challenge
your statement regarding tho nationality of the union membership in Canada
lhat you do not refer to the matter in
your letter or give th6 information on
which tho statement was based. In tbo
absence of proof of your contention
we are unable to see in what way you
have been treated with injustice, ovon
after making reasonable allowance for
"immaturity" and inexperience.
"VICTOR R. MIDGLEY.
"Secrotary."
Business Agent's Beport
Charter had been secured for the
Marine Stewards who have just
ganized in city. Sevoral conferences
havo been held between employers and
Gas Workers, the latter nsking for a
20 per cent, increase in wages and bettor working conditions, Tho employers
agreed to conditions, but are favorable
to a 10 per cent, iufcroaso. Tho Gas
Workers will hold a meoting thiB (Friday) evening to act upon mntter.
The attention of the fair wago officers has been drawn to several eases
of non-compliance with law by omployers,
The matter of tho C. P. R. locking
out its dining-car employees was diB-
euBsed^nd, on tho suggestion of Del.
Pritchard, it was turned over to bnard
of trade committee. Tho executivo
committee has taken tho matter up
with Ottawa and it was reported that
tho returned soldiers havo nsked an explanation from Major Coopor.
' 'Dave" Kennedy a Visitor
Organizer D. W. Kennedy   of   tlie
labol   department   of   Cigar   Makers'
union was given the floor on behalf
of his organization.
Reports of Unionfi
Bakers reported may have label on
bread in neafr future.
Plumbers 90 per cent, organized and
$6.00 minimum wage .obtained. Ask
plumbers for card.
Brotherhood of Railroad Employees
reports company union failing and men
withdrawing.
Shoo Workers 76 per cent, organized.
Leckie Shoe conipany all-union shop.
Sheet Metal Workers obtained 50
eents increase.
Soft Drink Dispensers initiated four
members and received eight applications. Rainier, Crown, Woods and Yale
hotels' employees not in union,
Del. Winch of I. L. A. Auxiliary reported new wage scale adopted,
Del. Miss Dagnall, Minimum Wago
League, reportod whist drive and daneo
for noxt Tuesday evening,
Del. Younash, Auto Mechanics, stated
schools-are turning out "tinkers" instead of mechanics.
Mill and Factory Workers' new wago
scalo for Aug. 1 for eight-hour day and
wage increase.
Del. Mackenzie, Hotol and Restaurant Employees, to have a maBs-moot-
fiig Sunday in Labor Temple,
Dol. Phelps, Shipyard Laborers, reported splendid headway.
Musicians 99 per cent organizod and
havo ovor $1,000 in treasury. Initiated
"i members.* «
Bricklayers' new wage, $7 por day;
eight hourB.
Barbers have organized threo more
shops and collected Labor Temple
sharo assessment,
Del. Taylor reported Upholsterers
growing. Had the assistance of Geo.
H. Hardy in organizing.
Del. MeVety reported that tho exhibition board had adopted now wage
scale for gardeners.
W. R. Trotter tendered resignation as
member of executive board. Accepted.
Miss Gutteridge of >. Garment Workers
elected to fill vacancy.
Tn Assist Betail Clerks
The following resolution, introduced
by Del. Trotter, waB adopted:
"Resolved, that Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council request tho affiliated
unions to take note of tho Retail Clerks'
union store card and assist in every
way possiblo to patronize those merchants who express a willingness to be
fair to union olorks.
New Delegates
Tho following delegates wore obligated: -
Railway Mail Clerks—James A. McLeod.
Teamsters—J, Hartley, H. Mills.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Smith, Charles
E. Rouso, Ralph Spooner.
Stationary Firemen—Wm. Stafford,
T. M. Martin, Arthur Watson.
Brothorhood of Railroad Employees
■Peter Fleming.
Molders—Frank H. Clark.
President Gordon J. Kelly presided.
Boot and Shoe Workers
Tho Boot and Shoe Workers' union
is making good progress those days,
reports Organizer Gardiner, who has
been in the city during the past two
weeks. The following firms havo
signed up with the union and nre
using tho stamp: J. Leckio Boot Co.,
W. J. Heads Co., 20 Water street; Harvey Boot Shop, 51 Cordova street; H.
Vob & Son, 63 Cordova street; Paris
Boot Repairing Co., Hastings street;
Goodyoar Shoo Repairing Co., 626 Pendor street; Twentieth Century Shoe
Repairing Co., 328 Hastings; Dunsmuir
Repair Shop.
Don't forget hov? they're made
While I keep calling your attention to the
quality of the imported all-wool fabrics from
which every Tom-the-Tailor suit is made I
don't want you to overlook the way it is made.
To begin with, there's the designing and
cutting which is done by high salaried experts
using the authoritative styles decreed by the
master-cutters of London and'New Tork.
Then there's the tailoring by well-paid and
well-treated union craftsmen working under
ideal conditions. Linings and trimmings are
the best that money oan buy «nd fit is absolutely guaranteed by me in every Tom-the-
Tailor suit. There are still a few of the famous
'' Thirties'' left—the last of their kind. Better
hurry.
lien's Suits to
demure  from
$30
Women's
Man-tailored
Suite from
$40
632GRAtfVfLLE
3t4W_SMGSW
UNION SHOP
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the *
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
Tel. Sey. 3291
SUMMER HATS
In    wonderful    variety of Choice HatB for
Streot, Dress, Outing and other occaBionB.
PBIOES:
$2.95, $3.50, $5.00, $7.50 $10.00 and up
Panamas and Straw Shapes
$1.45 UP
Matrons' Hats a Specialty
The PATRICK CO., Millinery
632 ORANVILLE STREET
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Girls who have been working long
hour? at small wages iu unfair houses
now realize the advantugo of tho protection the union of Hotel and Restaurant Employees affords them and
are daily making applications for membership. A mass-meeting of tho locnl
will bo held Sunday, May 19, at 8:30
p.m.,  to  consider drnfting. new wage
scalo and hotter working conditions.
Orgnnized Labor will bo notifled shortly of tho restaurants that ho+o conceded tho union demands. The union
full-/ appreciates the support they havo
received from organized Labor and is
more than willing to do its share in tho
struggle for tho recognition of trado
unions. A dance for tho siok benefit
fund will be held in the Auditorium on
Wednesday, May 29, 9 p.m., to 2 a.m.
YOUR HONEY'S
WORTH OR YOUR
MONEY BAOK"
ltt jr .».;» .tsuio***** ux
Petri Qcris IntcnutioMllVotativc Assoiiation'
U* ,,o,
.fftiM
10% OFF TO
RETURNED
SOLDIERS
UNION MEN-TAKE NOTICE
You'll find the Union Store Card of the Retail
Clerks' Union in all of Dick's Stores for Men
PATRONIZE THE DICK STORES-WHERE THE
RIGHT OF THE WORKER TO ORGANIZE j
IS ACKNOWLEDGED-
WHATEVER you buy—be it a suit at $15 or $50—a
pair of shoes at $5 or $15—a shirt, collars or other    *
furnishings—you get full value for your money—if you
don't think you do, Dick gives you your money back.
PATRONAGE OP TRADE UNIONISTS ESPECIALLY
SOLICITED
Dicks Limited
53 Hastings St. West
Wm. Dick Limited
3345-47-49 Hastings St. East
UNION STORES FOR MEN
;
\

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