BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Jul 16, 1920

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345343.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345343-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345343-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345343-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345343-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345343-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345343-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

$2.50 PER YEAR
*       -     „'•
Lnmber   Workers    Aid
Locked Out Sask.
,   Miners
District   Convention   in
Session. General Convention Next Week
Over sixty delegatea are attend-
to* the coaat convention which convened on Monday morning, and
then went Into committee work until Thursday, when this convention
proper opened at 10 o'clock.
The Oeneral Convention will open
on Monday at 10 a.m. A good
representation will be preaent from
eutern districts.
The Coast district ia donating
1260 to the O. B. U. miners at Net-
hart, Montana, in respose to their
appeal for nnanclal assistance.
Soring the week a strike was
called at the Northern Construction
Co.'a camp at Barriers River (Kamloops Dlstriot) owing to an attempt
to introduce the 10-hour day. The
men were completely.successful, the
atrlke being settled on an 8-hour
The organization has retained Mr.
McMurray, of Winnipeg, to give full
legal assistance and protection to
the men at Taylorton, Sask., who
are locked out by the company, because they carry O. B. U. cards and
attended the meeting at Blenfait at
whieh Christophers was to have addressed. District Secretary Anderson wires that the company's stools
need regulation Colorado tactics In
dealing with the men, but the com.
pany and its hirelings will have to
face the courts, and on the Job, the
consequences of their notions, for
the men are determined that they
will choose what organisation they
will belong to, and those opponents
who resort to Illegal actions shall
face the consequences ln the courta,
-Winnipeg Is holding a big msss
meeting and on Bunday afternoon
In Fender Hall, Fellow-worker
Fopowlch, editor, Tne Ukrainian
l*bor News, will address a meeting of workers.. The men locked
out are urgently In heed of funds,
ne Lumberworkers' Headquarters
has responded to the first call, and
Is now appealing tb all sections of
the movement to come to the assistance of their fellow-workers.
Bend funds to Headquarters, of to
Winnipeg District 'Seoretary,, 106
Henry Ave. 	
Fox camp of the Campbell River
Lumber Co.," »ls Bay, are on strike.
Details not yet received.     ,
Private Message Contradicts One Published
in Daily Press
New Tork—"I wlah I had
tongue ot lire,—I would burn
Into the hearts of the American
people what a crime is being com
mHted againat thla great country."
This is the pith ot a private letter
■ent by Emma Goldman from Russia to a relative ln this country,
whieh refutes an alleged Interview
trom Miss Goldman by The New
Tork Times, The Chicago Tribune,
and other capitalist papers, In
which she was supposed to be
longing to return to the United
Slates. It Is the first direct communication from Miss Goldman.
"The English mission was here
'(Petrograd) and Is now in Moscow," the letter continues. "If
•nly they will grasp the black
crime the world la committing
against Russia. We have left no
thing undone to Impress upon their
minds the debt that the world owes
to Russia—to the marvellous people who have already suffered so
Two weeks ago Canadian papers carried an alleged message
frlom Emma Goldman. ln which
■he denounced Soviet Russia and
cited America as an Ideal democratic country to which she longed
to return.
CubsorlheVs, Please Note)
Many subscribers In renewing
tbelr subscriptions are sending In
the old price. The new rates aro
aa follows: In Canada, »2.5» per
year; fil.SO per halt year. United
States, $3.00 per year. If subscrlb-
ers will see that they send in the
pnper amount It will aid us and
tlso avoid contusion.
Patronise Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Edmonton's First Citizen
Congratulates Gaol
The following letter, written by
Mayor Clarke, of Edmonton, to
the labor men eleoted In, Winnipeg
in the recent elections Is self explanatory. It does, however, show
tbat at least one publlo official in
this country, ts not hide • bound,
and who has seen through the
ruling class of this country:
P. J. Dixon, Esq., M.P.P., Winnipeg, Man,
William,Ivens, Esq., M.P.P.; John
Queen, Esq., M.P.P., Oeo. Arm-
strong, M.P.P., Stoney Mountain
Penitentiary, Man. , • ,
Honorable Gentlemen: — Tou
are, Indeed to be congratulated,
at least, the three addressed in the
penitentiary above, are to be congratulated on the fact that you
were able so quickly after your
trial and scandalous conviction
and sentence to appeal to another
jury of your peers. * The people
of Manitoba, and of all Western
Canada have experienced a momentous relief from very oppressive conditions caused by the feeling that justice had been subverted, and British rights outraged in
your persecution, trial and sentence.
I congratulate you from the
bottom of my heart on your outstanding vindication, and It certainly marks an epoch In Canadian
public life that vindication so complete, should occur In such a public-spirited, whole-souled manner/
I feel that If those ln authority
do not accept the, mandate of the
eleotors, the same electors that sent
by record majority, members to
support them in the house of
commons at Ottawa, and issue a
full pardon forthwith, that they
will be courting disaster, and in
orde^ that at least my voice, as
may<P 'of "the capital city of Alberta, one of the largest cities In
Western * Canada, and a city that
was affected by all the untoward
Interests In Winnipeg as much as
any other western city, I am tak
Ing the opportunity of sending
copy of this letter to the minister
of justice, the leader of the government, and the leader of the opposition at Ottawa.
To longer permit you to remain
an Inmate of the penitentiary
while delegated to represent the
city of Winnipeg In the legislature
on suoh a charge as you were convicted on, Is to insult the electorate of Winnipeg, and publicly
flout thetr opinions and rights to
the franchise, and class them as
citizens of disloyalty, willing to
condone, crimes against the state,
and sedition against the established authority of our government.
If. however, the action of tbis
government In again paying the
expense of the notorious A. J. Andrews, K.C., to oppose even a
hearing before the privy council,
ls to be followed, by keeping you
In custody until the end of your
term, the voice of Ivens, the fighting ability' o? Queen, and the
steady, plodding, conscientious
ability of Armstrong will be heard
with added and multiplied force
when they take their proper seats
alongside of Dixon and the other
labor men to the left of the speaker In the Manitoba legislature.
If there ls anything further that
I can do as one who feels that
the Immediate pardon of you
gentlemen- and your fellow prisoners is a duty that we' owe to Canadian manhood and British .citizenship, and ln the Interests of
law and order and respect for
the administration of law fn Western Canada, I shall be only too
glad to do so.
Again    congratulating    you    on
your magnificent vindication, I am,
Yours sincerely,
Edmonton, Alta., July I, 1920.
Britons Cannot Be Slaves in Canada
Australian Seamen Are Denied the Right to Remain in
this Country while the C. P. R. Seeks Workers
from Southern Europe
WHILE the Canadian Pacific Bailway Company is carrying on an agitation for the introduction of labor from
Europe, British citizens;are denied the right to remain in this country. When the Czecho Slovak troops were
in the dty, and even before-they arrived, agents of the C. P. B. were endeavoring to induce them to remain
in this country. Efforts were also made td induce the government to facilitate the retention of these men in Canada.
This was not successful evidently, as the policy of the C. P. B. is now to secure 20,000 Italians for work on the railroad
now being carried out.
When the Canadian Importer arrived at Vancouver from Australia, she had on board five Australian seamen.
Under the terms of the men'a agreement they were entitled to be paid off at {he home port, which is Vancouver.
The Canadian immigration authorities, however, stepped in and refused to allow these men, who are all ex-service men,
to remain in this country. Three of the men are behind the bars in the Immigration Shed along with other "undesirables, "'and are to be deported on the Importer when she ref puns. The other two men have been allowed on shore,
on the understanding that they are not to seek or secure work on the coast, and they expect that when they become
destitute that they also will be deported. "Britons never shall be slaves." Evidently not in Canada. The Southern
European type are more suitable. With immigration laws that provide for the deportation of British subjects without trial, and American foremen in Shipyards, and Italian workers being sought for Canada, those men who have
fought for the Empire, will realize very soon just how Uttle of it they are entitled to, when they are not even allowed to be slaves. If men are needed in Canada, and there .are not sufficient idle—a visit to the labor bureaus will
disprove this—why are British subjects not allowed to remain here* Is the policy of of the C. P. B. in line with the
general policy of the employers in securing an overstocked labor market, so that wages can be reducedf Is this the real
reason for the desire for Italian or any other kind, of labor T It would appear so. Slaves are evidently not cheap enough
as yet and Heaven knows they are the cheapest things on earth as it is.
"Artful" Meighen Pm-cdttbe Way
for "Sedition" Amendments
to Law.
The Hon. "Artful" Meighen has
been ealled In by the governor-
general to form a government ln
Canada. The "Artful" one's chief
claims to recognition are: ■"   .
The war times election act.
The distribution ot the soldiers'
vote. » ■
The amendments to the Immigration act.
The amendments to the naturalization act.
The "sedition" amendments to
the criminal code.
The development of the R.N.W.
H.P. espionage system.
He Is a virulently reactionary
lawyer ot the worst type, He will
be compelled very considerably to
reconstruct his cabinet.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when you are through with It.
Berlin.—Impetus to the demand
frequently voiced ln Independent
Socialist circles for an early settle-
ment of the question of their party's stand toward the Third Moscow International has been lent by
the adoption of a resolution at the
provincial convention of the Independent Socialist party tn the free
state of Gotha, calling for "the unconditional affiliation of the Independent Socialist Party of Germany with the Third International." The Independent Socialists
cast 38,987 votes in recent elections to the Provincial Assembly,
The Peasants' League came next,
with 21,717 votes and five seats.
Chicago.—"Twelve men and
true" have at last been found and
the trial of the millionaire, William Bross Lloyd, and the 19 other
members of the communist labor
party will begin soon. The attorneys since May 10th have been attempting to complete the Jury.
The Winipeg Defense Commit
tee has a man out Investigating
the deportation of Chlstophers
from Blenfait, Sask.
A Mass Meeting
on SUNDAY, JULY 18th, at 3 p. m.
Speaker:   OOMKADE M. POI'OWICH, of Winnipeg, Delegate
to the Lumber Workers' Convention.
Subject:—"Colorado Methods In Saskatrficwnii Coal Fields."
Every Ukranlan and Russian Worker (.hould attend this meeting.
S. P. of C. Speaker Took
Part in. Recent Winnipeg Elections.
The speaker at the Socialist
party of Canada meeting In the
Empress theatre on Sunday next
will be Frank Cassidy. Comrade
Cassidy has Just returned from
Winnipeg where he took part In
the recent elections, and no doubt
will have something of Interest to
say on the situation in the' prairie
metropolis. The interest that" has
been, in evidence so long as pertaining to working class problems,
was well maintained last Sunday
when Jack Harrington was the
speaker, and lt IB expected that
there will be as large a crowd as
ever to hear the speaker on Sunday, who will have something to
say on Canadian problems. Questions and the usual procedure will
follow the address of the speaker
of the evening.
Pulp Mill workers of Iroquois
Falls, Ont., the largest paper mill
on the continont, are looking forward to having a unit. Organizer
Knight, with the aid of Jack Mc-
Qce (mill worker) signed up over
100 members at one meeting.
A   Building   Trades   Unit
been organized at Saskatoon.
Winnipeg Strike Victim's
Son Burnt to Death
Word was received ln Vancouver on Wednesday to the effect
that Gordon Bray, the three year
old son of Roger Bray, was burnt
to death on Tuesday night. Roger
Bray is one of the men now In gaol
as a result of his activities in thc
Winnipeg Btrike last year. Bray
Is the second prisoner to be bereaved since sentence was pronounced on the soven labor men
now In goal. William Ivens having also lost a son by death, a
short time ago. Young Gordon
was playing with matches underneath the verundiih of his home
when he received the burns which
resulted In hts death. Bray, was
given permission to leave tho Prison Farm, but arrived too late to
see his baby boy, who passed
away five hours before his father
arrived, the trip being made on a
railway speeder. TKe funeral wtll
bo held on Saturday, at 2.30 p.m.,
J. S. Woodsworth officiating at the*
rravftflde. •
Holders On at Coughlans
Quit—Wages Too
That section of the shipyard
workers, known ln boilermakers'
terminology as "holders, on" employed at Coughlan's shipyard,
quit work In a body Monday noon.
The reason for this walkout is
that, the men claim that they are
not receiving enough money for
the work they do. Perhaps without any exception, the work these
men do ls the hardest work in a
steel shipyard, the wages they
have been receiving le $4.98 per
day of eight hours,. they want
The holders on are members of
the International Boilermakers'
Union, and the . refusal of these
men to work for the wages they
have been receiving has caused
considerable annoyance to the officials of the organization, one of
whom told the men that If they,
did not go back to work he would
fill their jobs. . In reply, the men
told him to go ahead and fill them,
as they were not on strike, but refused to work any longer for the
wages they had been receiving.
A representative of the Federatlonist was informed by a number
of the men, that the officials of
the union were endeavoring to
make out that they were on strike
so that they could be outlawed,
and at a meeting on Thursday
morning at which an International
vice-president was present, the
men showed thetr disgust by leaving the hall In a body. The 'whole
affair demonstrates once again the
folly of craft unionism.'. For the
men who have quit, are not even'
supported by the members of the
same organization, soldarlty, ye
The riveters are also out, having tried without avail to have
the company live up to Its agree-:
ment with the Metal. Trades Council. These men have had their-,
wages reduced by the company,
and have been trying for some;
considerable time to have tbe mat-,
ter straightened out. The "hold-,
ers on" have also made several!
attempts tq have their wages Increased, but have been absolutely
Ignored by the company who claim
that the Metal Trades agreement
has not yet explred*and the wages
therefore must stay as they are.
But the company has found it
quite In order to reduce the wages
of the riveters without reference
to the Metal Trades Council agreement.
-Allies to Use Germany to
Block Progress of the
Red Army
j. Chicago.—The success of the
Bevlet armies In repelling the Po-
IHh invasion of Russia ls responsible for the sudden reversal of
tne: Allied policy as regards German disarmament, according to a
Mpyrighted dispatch to the Chi-
otto Tribune from its. Paria corrnpondent,' John Clayton, haa
been writing anti-Bolshevik dispatches from Russia and other
Bbrepean points. He now reveals
tkei^panic which seized the Allied
war chiefs when they learned of
the, Polish debacle. Clayton frank-*
lyjsays that the Germans will be
allowed to double the army permitted by the Peace Treaty If they
mill attempt to do what the Poles
failed to accomplish—defeat the
armies of the Soviet republic.
Clayton's dispatch says In part:
_"ii is not certain whether the
Solshevlsts will halt their advance,
flhen the Poles refused their offers to meet them at Dorpat, Re-
yal, and Moscow for a discussion of
peace, Lenine swore that the red
'armies neyer would stop until they
had taken Warsaw and established
a soviet over the Polish capital.
With Warsaw once taken the buffer agalpst Bolshevism, established
by the Allies at the close of the
War, Is gone, and only Germany
remains between France and England and the red terror.
■ "This, lt is said ln Paris, Is the
Aason for the sudden determination of the Allies at Spa to look
tfver the war equipment of the
Oerman army. - *
* "The conference of the Allies at
Boulogne only a few days ago dispatched three notes to Germany,
the Ilrst of which declared the
Allies would not - permit the German) to open a discussion of the
disarmament terms of the treaty
of Versailles which prescribed that
the German army must number no
more than 100,000 on July 10 next.
'But secretly Marshal Foch
learned cf the collapse of the Polish offensive and then, the collapse
of the army Itself.
Imedlafcly the whole policy ot
the Allies underwent a change.
Disarmament, the forbidden subject, Immediately became the vital
; "It Is said that the Allies will
permit Germany to maintain a larger army If It will pay the price
by preventing Bolshevism from
spreading beyond the Polish borders."
First Oonvention of O.B.U. Miners
of Northern Ontario
In Cobalt
The first convention of the
metal minera (O.B.U.)- of Northern Ontario was held ln Cobalt
June 27. Delegates from Cobalt,
Kirkland Lake, Gowanda and
Tlmmins were in attendance.
Among the rules adopted by the
convention was one to the effect
that no member holding the position of shift boss or foreman
shall be eligible fr any ofllce in
the local units. Another rule waa
that In case of strike no officials
of the units Involved shall receive
a salary. The convention went on
record as opposing the contract
system, and also resolved that the
most effective way to assist those
Incarcerated through the Winnipeg strike, was to strenuously
carry on the work of organisation.
The next convention will be held
at Kirkland Lake.        ,.
Tucson.—The non union shop
war haB been Inaugurated in Tucson. The unions have decided to
organize a state co-operative bank
so as to permit the withdrawal of
funds from local banks by union
men. They will also inaugurate a
boycott on all business houses displaying "Open Shop" signs. There
is talk of all union men employed
In places displaying such signs refusing to continue at work. The
anti-union business men have
formed an "Open Shop association and are zealously signing up
The Hague.—A gain of more
than 67,000 mombers was made
bt the Netherland Association of
Trade Unions, during 1919, according to ninth report of that organisation, just published. The re-
pert, which appears bf-annually, Is
filled with the fighting spirit of the
Dutch union movement and calls
upon the workers to prepare for
"increaslng'organlzotion of the em-
stlll harder struggles against the
ployers and the rising opposition
of the owning classes to satisfying
the' just demands of the workers."
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Defense Committee Meeting
B, C. Defense Committee
Monday, July 19, at 8 p. m.
All Membera Are Requested to Attend
General Workers Express
Sympathy With Roger
At the regular meeting of the
General Workers' unit of the
O.B.U. on Wednesday night, a
resolution of condolence was passed with Roger Bray, whose yeung
son waa burned, to death on Tueaday. The secrotary was Instructed
to forward a suitablo letter to the
returned soldier labor man who,
for his activities in the Winnipeg
strike of a year ago, Is now in
The election of officers saw
spirited contests for all positions
except that of secretary-treasurer,
only one nominee accepting the
nomination for this olllce.
Thirty-four applications for
membership were received, and
the report of the secretary showed that there were more paid up
members at this date than at any
time during the year. The auditing committee reported that the
books of tlie secretary were in
good shape, and that there was a
good balance at the end of the
first half year.
A communication was received
from the Monarch unit of the
O.B.U., pointing out that owing to
the discriminatory methods of the
government thrpugh Fuel Admin-
Recent   General   Strike
Showed Remarkable.
Labor Solidarity
(By the Federated Press)
From the standpoint of labor
solidarity the French general
atrlke haa been a wonderful auc-
ceas and has shown a remarkable
discipline In the ranks of labor.
Many worker) participated In lt
who were not making any local
demands of their own, a rather
unique experience In the French
labor movement. Buch la the
opinion of It. Ernest Lafore, Socialist deputy of tha Lome, and
Incidentally one of the faw advocates ot anti-alcoholism. On the
other hand his statement la contradicted by tht fact, that aome of
the striken went over the heads
ot their leaders. For France, like
other countries, la in need of
changes within the labor" organisations. The leaden of the trade
uniona or "syndicates" are the
most popular representatives of
the movement, while the socialist
deputies ln the chamber are preoccupied with political questions,
rather than the Industrial problems which are the flrst concern
of the C.G.T. •   •
When, however, the government
at the climax of the atrlke announced Its Intention to dissolve
the C.O.T. or suspend lta activities,
ho protest waa heard in the press
except that representing the Socialist point of view, and the first
attack on their meaaure came with
the reopening of parliament from
M. Paul Boncour, the Socialist
deputy of Paris. So that after all
perhaps M. Merrlhelm, the head
of the Metal Workers' union, and
one of the leading intellectuals of
the labor movement, was right in
his statement that without this
strike there would have been n<
effort for the Improvement of social conditions in France.
When compared with similar
movements In other countries, as
for instance Great Britain, the
French strike seemB to have met
much more opposition from the
government and much less from
the public. Tha so-called Civic
League, which supplied the work,
ers to take the place of the striken Is not an enthusiastic body of
volunteer patriots, aa Its name
would seem to Indicate, but rather
a group of casual strlke-breakera
interested In the dally pay they
draw tor their services in the
strike! and unwilling'or unable to
take a permanent position. On
the other hand the arrest of almost all the popular leaders and
the provocative display of mill
tary force would Indicate a greater
degree of anxiety on.the part ot
the government than' a million unarmed striken should have been
able to produce.
Establish International ta
Abolish War and Its  j
Alberta miners are not going to
be kept out of the O.B.U., even
If the dues for the U.M.W.A. is
stopped out of their pay checks.
The O.B.U. dues are coming ln
The organizer for the Edmonton
Transportation Unit has signed up
89 new members among whom are
several engineers, conductors and
An International organizer
thinking ho could get a free ride
on the C. P. R. recently, climbed
Into a caboose In the Crow's Nest
Pass. When he Informed the con-
doctor that he was a U. M. W. A.
organizer, the "con" stopped the
train and said, "Here ls a good
place to get oft, this train carries
no snch cattle."
The attack on the Transportation units of Winnipeg by the A. F.
of L. has already resulted ln an
Increase of membership for the
O. B..U.
Organizer Mill of the Saskatoon
Transportation Unit Is doing
splendid work and hopes to soon
have the men 100 per cent, organized.
Two Mill, Mine and Smelter
Workers' Union organizers are in
the field around Northern Ontario, trying to hold the charters in
that district, but are not meeting with the least success.
tabor Asks That Troops
be' Withdrawn From
London.—By a majority of more
thnn one million votes thc special
Trades Union Congress called
Tuesday to consider the Irish
question decided in favor of a genernl down-tools policy to compel
the withdrawal ot troops from Ireland.
This eppronl of policy of direct
action was reached at the end of
a session during which other voting was contrary to such a revolutionary policy. The deciding vote
was cast for a resolution submitted by the Mlnen' Federation ot
Great Britain, ot which Thomos
Smillie, one of the most virile
of British Labor leadors, Is the
The resolution was lo the effect
that the congress protested against
British military domination of Ireland, demanded thc withdrawal of
all British troops from that country, and also demanded tho cessation of thc production of munitions of war destined for use
against ir-iumi and Itusslo.
mlnistrator Armstrong, the minen had not been ablo to   do   all
they would have liked to do for
thc Searchlight, and the need for
financial uld tor that paper. The
sum of (10 was ordered sent to
the Neihart miners to aid them in
their striko ugafnst the Cascade
Silver Mining Co., of Montana.
The picnic committee reported
that arrangements had been
made to hold a picnic on thc last
Sunday tn July at Kitsllano beach.
The street and electric railway
employees are to Join In with the
O.B.U. outing, the Qnal arrangements of. which will be announced
They Once Face Eaeh
Other, They Now Join
Hands for Peace
By A. E. Manner,
General Secretary,' National Union
of British Ex-Service Hen.
(Sueclal to the Federated Press and
Foreign Attain)
A conference has Just been held
at Geneva which may prove to
have started one of the moat significant and one of the most Important movements of our age.
It waa a conference of ex-service
inen, of ex-service men from
Britain, Germany, France, Italy,
and several other countries; a conference of those who, through the
yean of war had been fighting,
each other at the behest of their
masters and who resolved tha*
such a atate of things should Occur "never again."
Henri Barbusse, author of "Under Flre," presided. His opening
address gave the key to the-whole
proceedings, "Once more we confront one another," he «eM, "we.
who have confronted one another
in hell." And then he went on to
declare that at that . conference
the ex-soldiers of Europe returned "to their first essential belief,
belief in their brotherhood." After
five years of slaughter, the surviving combatants emerged, looked each other In the eyes, and
recognized each' other as broth-
en. . .
Government Made War
The governments which made
the war—the governing bureaucracies of Europe, responding to.
the preraure of the financial interests—still glare at each other'
across the frontiers of the nations
The civilian' peoples still beat
some of the mean and futile hat.
that they had for each other
while the war continued. But the
men who actually engaged, hundreds of thousands ot them In
every land, atretch out to each
other the hands ot fellowship.
Does this seem strange?    Does
It seem Inconsistent?   Surely not
For while the   governments- and
(Continued on page 7)
Will Make Arrangements
to Hold Picnic in the
Near Future
The main business transacted
at the last meeting of the Women's
auxiliary of the O. B. U. wae the
arranging for a picnic and the
election of officers. After the
usual routine business had been
transacted, the question of a picnic was brought up, and a delegation from the Street and Electric Railway employees, which had
been appointed to co-operate with
the auxiliary, took part In the discussion. Final arrangements were
however, left over to a later meet*
The election of officers resulted
ln the following being elected for
the next six months: President,
Mrs, Sinclair, Vice President, Mrs.
Carr, Secretary, Mrs. Sutherland,
Delegates to Central Labor Council, Mrs. Hosborough and Mra
Carr. Delegates to the Defense
comlttee, Mrs. Welts and Mrs
Slmnett. Auditors, Mrs. Spooner,
and Mrs. Rathbone.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies of Pritchard's address ti
tlie jury can now be secured at the
Federatlonist Office. Tlie words
of PrUclmnl, when addreasiiig the
Jury at Winnipeg will go down In
htetory os a pari of the Mruggle In
human society for liberty. Every
worker should huve a copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
25 ecu im.
Prague—The return to this city
of the delegation of Czech Social
Democrats, after spending six
weeks investigating conditions, in
Soviet Russia, has been made the
occasion for several large, demon-
strations tn favor of Immediate
peace and the resumption of trad*
•with the  Moscow government.
Where Is your union button?
More Money Needed
THE Appeal in the Russell ease will be heard by lhi
Judicial committee of the Privy Council on the 21st.
Money is urgently needed to meet thc expense of this
appeal and to care for thc families of the men in gaol.
The. workers of British Columbia have done splendidly
but thc Defense committee is compelled to call for more .
assistance. It is lo bc hoped that this will be thc last
appeal that will be made. Another push and wc will bc
over the top.   Give us your aid. —** * «• v»    '.«tta*u'itt4iuliaS»*
Itwelfth rfiAB, no. 89    THE BK1TISH COLUMBIA FiiiDERATIONIST    vancoifveb, a a
..July 16,
Gigantic Stock
Reducing Sale
Oor entire stook of Men's Olothes and Furnishings selling now at tremendous reductions.
Arnold & Quigley
He. 1 Strtr Fat Aaa*. from lb 19c
Bb. 1 Steer Ona Bout. Iran Ut. 20c
Mo. 1 Steer Boled Ho.its, from lb. 2»c
Ne. 1 Oovernmeat Iwpeelai Putt
Shtmlders, weighing irom 5 to 7
Os.   Itef.  SSo Ib. PriOsr nd
Satardar, lo- > »Me
Jast the thing for routing.
provision sBFAmomi
SUter'e Sliced Streaky B.con, 1b. He
Meier'. Stleed Stre.kj- Bum, lb. (to
Sister's Sliced SmelcM Eoll, Hj.._.*Sc
lb. -  SSe
BUter'l  Siloed  Ayrehtr.   E.ck,,   per
lb   - ttt
Flneet Oxford Sinnge, lb -Us
Finest Loeal Lamb Loin Oiiope, Ib. ISO
Haeit Local Limb Sib Ckope, Bt. tee
Flneet Loctl Lamb   Shoulder   Chop.,
lb i He
Oi ethirdty, from ■•
•A. to M
*.m.,    Vr*a
mill   sell
mr   finest
smok«d Juuns at, per
Fineit Local Lamb Sbonlden,
per Ib.   a»Vi«
Finest Local Lamb Lolne, lb. Sic
Fineit Loc.1 Lamb Lege, lb. .Jle
Empreu    Company's   Street    Mixed
Pickle bottl.  —.880
Bmpreee    Company's    Soar    Mixed
Picklei, bnttle Ste
Empreee    Company's    Btreet    Chow
Picllu, bottle Me
Empreei    Company'*,    Soar    Chow
pieklel, bottle SSe
Finest Freoeed Beef, elloed, lb. ..SOe
Flneet Comod Beef, elloed. lb. -...SSe
Flneet Jellied Tongue, elloed, lb. Ste
Fineo't'Teal Loal, ellced. lb Ste
Oa Saturdar, from 8 a.m. to 11 a.
la., -we wHl mil our Saeit Al*
beita Oreamerr Batter. Bn. SSe
lb, Saturday morning epeeial, ■
per tb. Sle
rineit Boeer, Se. a tine tie
bceiueee Iummuk, put hoc
Prune., Pranee, Prunes, le lot
K.bob Lobster, tin  .'. SSe
Knbob Lebster, tia  *Se
SUter'e Bel Label Tea. lb. —
Sinter'. Green Label Tea, lb. ......420
8later'i Blue Label Tea, lb .too
Bidgwar's 5-o'cloek Tea, lb. ......;.40c
Kabob Beet Tea, U). SSo
,     Sahob 3eBy Powden. S for SSe
S    BolbrMk'a Onetard Po«d« lte
Brunswick Sardines, I for Ste
Fork and Beane, S for _ ~S8e
Potted Meet, s for  .......Me
JSS Hastings E.       Phene Say S28S
SIS Oranrille St.      Phoae See. Its
SSSS Kala St. nesa Fair. 1SBS
On Saturdar we will igell our fam*
oaa .Sugar Cured Smoked Shoulder Buna, welshing from 5 to 6
lba.  Beg. tl_e lb.     Saturdar
i apeclal, lb  .SSUe
Finest Pore Lard, 1 lbe. fer ....-11.00
MaMt Compound Lard, S lba. tie
Flneet Alberta Freak Apt*, doe. .-JS0
to get the dental attention yon haw delayed
so long.   ...
'Apart from it being a time when yonr month is in
best condition, you hare a Uttle money put by in
the summertime that will easily pay my low lee. -
Hold fast to health—Oood teeth make yon liv*
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bride* Specialist*
602 HASTINOS ST. W. Oor. Seymonr
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
10 Sob. Cards
Goad for oh ysss's mbterlptfos to Tkt
B. C. rederatianiit, wllL bo nulled to
•Bf oddrew la Canada for $22.50
(Oood anywhere outside of Vaneguwr
city.) Order lea todny. Remit wheniold.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooods, Oenti' Furnishings
Factory organised under "United Garment Workers of America"
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Office!
BLOCHBERGO, F. R., 819 Broadway East...
B. 0. FRINTINO * LITHO. CO., Smrtke aad Homer. Seymour 3231
orriZEa, Tbe, 1451 Broadway W    :. — iayvtow 857
CLARK t STUART, 320 Seymour Street   Soymour a
OOWAN S BBOOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building ......Seymour 4400
PONSMCIR PRINTING CO*. 48T Dunemulr Street Soymour not
ITAHS A HASTINOS, 678 Seymour Street .—. Seymour ltt
JKFPKBT. W. A., 2168 Parker Street . Highland 1187
LATTA.  B.  P..   World  Building.. ... 1 Seymour 1039
MAIM PBINTINO Co., 8851 Main Streot  ! Falnnont 1988
IfeLlNNAN, IfeFEELT, 99 Cordora Street Eaat Seymour 6080
MITCHELL-FOLEY, LTD., 129 Hastings Street West... Seymour lost
MORRIS, J. f.. 523 Oranvillo Street -   Seymour 33
JIOEPKT. CHAPMAN, 799 Oranvllle Street .-  Seymour 718
— —    •'—' "---  ...N. Van. 80
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vanconver...
PACIFIC PBINTERS, 600 Beatty Stroet —
KOEDDE, 0. A., Sit Homer Street...
SON JOB PRESSES, 187 Pender Street West.,
..Seymour 959S
.....Seymour 264
 Seymour 41
..Soymour 8828
..Fairmont 621B
TECHNICAL PRESS, Illnea Bulldlnf, Homer Street	
TIMMS, A. H.. 280 Fourteenth Avenne East...	
WABD, ELLWOOD I CO., 818 Homer Street —Seymour 1515
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 672 Oraaville Street  Seymour 9528
WHITE * BINDON, £28 Pender Street West... Seymour 1214
Write "Onion Label" ea Tear Oopy Wbea Ten Sand It te tbe Printer
Drugless Doctors Appear
to Answer Charges-
Cases Deferred
Hopeless Invalids Back to.
Health-Tell How They
Became Restored
One of the bitterest battles of
its kind ever witnessed in tha Bo
minion la now being waged lh the
courts with tho prosecution of
Vancouver chiropractors br agents
of the medical association. Twelve
of the drugless healera are defendants, and other cases are Scheduled to come up later. Charges
are based upon information presented by a "stool pigeon" em-
Ployed by the Canadian Medical
association, upon hla own admission. He made the rounds of the
chiropractors, received adjustments, and, so he admits himself, i
received manifest benefits. Then
lie presented Ills testimony to th*
attorneys for the association.
Court  Rebukes Accuser.
Several hearings bave taken
place recently before Magistrate
8haw. Last week, In police court,
the 'Vgent" for Uie medical association appeared and gave con-,
fusing testimony. Under cross1'
examination by Bir Charles Hlb-
fcert Tupper, counsel for the defense, the "agent" contradicted
himself and became ao entangled
In his evidence that the bench
ordered him to either render clear
and coherent testimony or get oft
the stand. The chiropractors have
since had several hearings, but in
saeh Instance the cases have beeh
put off. The last hearing was on
Tuesday when a. further postponement waa ordered.
Chiropractors as HtunaiUlariaiia,
Counsel for tha defense takes
the atand that ths accused chiropractors are practicing ' a great
humanitarian, profession that Js
supported by proofs of aervice to
ailing humanity. It is pointed out
that they are not violating the
law, as they do not practice medicine, do not administer drugs, do
not perform surgical operations,
and do not follow old-fashioned
methods like -the ordinary doctor,
but simply act along specific lines
of removing the cause of ailment,
and allowing nature to complete
the cure.
Chiropraction md the lln.
In the defense to be presented,
It will be shown that the chiropractors rendered signal service
during the Influenza epidemic,
both In Canada and the United
States, when they laBt less than 1
per eent N>f their patients, while'
the regular medical doctors lost
Isemethlng like JO per cent, of
tbeir paflents.     *
Instances are being cited where
hopeless cases of invalidism, abandoned hy regular doctors, have
yielded to chiropractic adjust-
many being restored to perfect
Amulng Results Shown.
The chiropractors ahow that
nearly every ailment known to
mankind can be relieved and effaced entirely by Chiropractic adjustments. Cases are named
where Infantile -paralysis has
been relieved by this method.
One Instance/lamed Js that of an
elderly union worker who was partially -deaf for fortr years., With
five treatments he has been restored to perfect lieaUth. His wife
was another instance. She was
aasisted to ths office of one of
the accused chiropraotors In a
helpless condition. With a month's
treatment she ls well again.
Some Instances.
Another chiropractor adduces
proof that one of his patients, suffering from paralysis for years, ia
now baok on his Job again, in
complete health. A little Chinese
boy, given up for tuberculosis and
malnutrition, ls now shown to be
Jn perfect health after a brief
course of adjustments. A man
who was almost blind testified
that his vision haa been restored
by a local chiropractor. Another
man, who walked on crutches for
several years, no longer .suffers
from chronic rheumatism, but Js
working on the dooks. Ee reoelved 17 adjustments. And of other
Instances given, an aged wtiman
states that she la doing her own
house-work after being bedridden
for nine years.
Prom Despair to Henlth.
These are some of the cases the
chiropractors seek to Introduce aa
testimony In court, to refute the
accusation that chlropratlc Is a
form of chartantry. It will ba
shown that thousands of apparently hopelesa cases of Invalidism ln
the United States, where the profession le recognized largely, are
on official record as a lasting tribute to the manifest and manifold benefits of chiropractic.
But, somehow, the medical association's prosecution . does not
seem willing to allow this testimony for the chiropractors' defence to be heard.
What Chirojiractlc Is.
'The system of chiropractic alms
at removing the cause of ailment,
and allowing nature to proceed
with tho restoration to health.
Adjustments are given by relieving Impingement or pressure upon
the nerves at any one of the affected vertebrae, thereby releasing
the flow of vital nerve force that*
means perfect health. The releasing of this nerve pressure is
compared to the removal of a kink
In a garden hose that shuts off the
supply of water. Chiropractic
principles prove that a perfect
spine accompanies perfect health,
but where any one or several of
the vertebrae are suffering from
nerve pressure, some form of ailment follows. The method ls
shown to bo almost painless and
absolutely harmless.
Public Sympathies Great.
In the United States, after a
long and bitter-ilirht in the courts,
chiropractors won a victory when
public outcry became so grent
that the medial fraternity gave tip
the fight and allowed the chlro*
-hractors to establish their own
boards of CKaminers.- The result
is thnt many of t!se state.i It. vc
Editor B. C. FederatlonlstT^^Jr—
I "understand that The B. C. Federationist of June llth contained
a list of tbe names of those aspirants to O. B, E. honors "Who
scabbed during the recent Seamen's
strike, and I have reason to believe that I attained fame of sorts
by having my name included In
the said list.
Presumably your Information-was
obtained from the Sailors' Union.
Anyway, so far as It concerns myself It Is false. I did not scab
during the strike In question and
I strongly resent the liberty that
has been taken with my name Jn
this connection.-
The facts are as follows: On
April 23rd I left the service of the
C. P. R„ and on April 24th I called at the offlce of the Sailors' Union, presented my card to the secretary, and applied for a withdrawal card, as I was leaving the sea
for an Indefinite period. On April
26th I left Vancouver and bave
not been there sines. The strike,
I understand,, did not begin until
the 7th of May.
Kindly see that .this protest of
mine gets as milch publicity aa did
the statement that I had ' been
acting the Yellow Dog.
Tohrs trdly,
~!--^«7 B. C. Federatlonist
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear sir and Brother—
I have been Instructed ts Inform
yoa of the methods of some three
men who were around here .lsst
24th of May soliciting subscriptions for a paper ealled the Western labor News. While Jn this town
they wer* wearing O.B.U. buttons
on their coats. I hear seme of
the men who got the paper are
just finding out that It Js an International paper, and Is connected
up with Gomper tribe. Mew, we
feel that this matter ought to.be
exposed through The Federation-.
We ask you lf you know anything
ahout these people to expose them
They did not V>me to the secretary, nor the -preaident of this
local, when in town. I gOess they
knew better.
But tbls is Just another Instance
how the worker la fooled all the
Tours for the O.B.U.,
ANDREW DEAN, Secretary,
Nanalmo, B, C.
Canadian Merchant Marin*
Editor B. C. FederatIonlst,.afrfc-
If you will kindly Insert this letter
in your columns, 1 believe you
wll be doing an Inestimable kindness to the men who have served
ln the Imperial navy.
From general conversation' aiid
also from the dally press at
*ity, lt would appear that' the
ships ef the Canadian mercantile
marine .are largely manned by ex-
Imperial bluejackets, incidentally,
of course, branding them aa wage-
breakers. Now, this Is nothing
more or less than deliberate misrepresentation In the effort, I suppose, to get a crowd of back-
boneless creatures to man thoss
Alps at scab wagea I myself aaw
an artlole ln the daily press of (his
elty about a month ago announcing to the world that the two new
vessels Just then ready for Sea had
their crews ready for them, and
It appeared that they were mostly
ex-imperial bluejackets who were
only too glad to get to sea again.
Now, I take the responsibility of
saying that this is a filthy Insult
to those men. The writer himself
haa, visited two of those ships, and
not one Imperial bluejacket did he
find. I came across several men
who had served ln the "Canadian
naval volunteers; also, I am.sorry
to say some returned men.- Now,
as everybody knows, thoss government ships paid firemen and. A.B.,
$75 jer month. Now, the union
wages of the port are: firemen
(coal), $100 per month; A.B., $96
per month, and I can assure you,
Mr. Reader, the real bluejacket ls
made of sterner stuff than a wage;
breaker. During* the recent marine striko, In which I was deeply
interested, 1 did not and one im
pertal > bluejacket scabbing, although there are hundreds on- this
No, sir, the nun who served 12
years or more In the British navy
may be a sinner, but a scab never,
I hope. I had enough of the navy,
but If I ever have to beg, borrow
or steal for a llivng. Ill never help
the capitalist to bring down the
worker any further la the dust
Tours respectfully, -
SS. Amur,
Vanoouver, B. C,
July 7, 19B0.
very little, lf any appreciation of
the application of economics tp
the daily problems of the workers.
They are satisfied that the rapidly
rising red wave Is entirely due to
Marxian teaching, losing sight of
the fact that Marx Impresses,
namely that economic forces are
constantly at work forcing ths
mass of .humanity forward.
Ia conclusion I would point out
to Comrade Cameron that any
conditions affecting one class -ln
society will eventually affect every
Individual throughout that circle In
which Uu frag* systems operates.
Thie phenomena ln economics determines the revolutionary movement la all matter.
. Tours truly,    .
The Farmor and Socialism
Bdltor B. C. Tederatiorilst: We
lotter of Alex. Cameron,' and his
statement: "you do not seem to
realize that the farmer and all he
stands for, represents the very
foundation of the capitalistic sys-
I hardly think your correspondent realizes the full meaning1 bt
above statement or he would tfek-
Uze that the farmer, In common
with all other sections of BocVity,
Is moving forward with the bri-
known future with all Its proDl&hfe
and anxieties, the unconscious Wb*-
tlm of economlo forces set ln motion through the Ignorance ofulrts
class, and the avaricious greed^of
the exploiters. He, like all human
society, moves forward whenjAhp
old conditions become Intolerable,
conforming to the eternal Iaw>- of
change, , '    ,-,
Does he think that economic
forces are subject to control arid
direction by any group of indlVj*
duals. They and they only detw*
mine our movement, the line we
follow and the distance we travel.
Again his statement that ten
thousand years of education would
not transform a farmer Into a
Socialist—and let me add—nor
any other member of our clMB
under the present system of (so
called) education.
It ls a deplorable fact, that a-
part from a few outstanding lfcad-
ers.in the Socialist movement, the
rai\k and file of the party have
chiropractic freedom, and one direct sequel seen is the relief of
thousands of cases of hopeless Invalidism, with a corresponding decrease in mortality. Also the num-
ipr of chiropractors practicing
here have multiplied greatly.
Militarists Are Gripping
the Youths of
(Special to The Fedrrationlat)
By W. Francia Ahern    -
(Special  Representative In Australia)
The militarists In Australian,
anxious to keep themselss Jn ths
Jobs tbat make for blood-letting
and tears are -trying to foist a conscription scheme over Australia.
Aa Js well known, the Australian
defence scheme provides for half-
day and day parades of the youths
of that country—making up Jn all
IS days' training per year. The
militarists propose to alter this
scheme and Introduce an Intensive training scheme, much on the
same lines as the Prussian bar
rack-room training eohsnje, ef
three months.
The present Australian defense
scheme Is compulsory, and .the
Labor party has emphatically declared Itself In favor of the repeal of the. compulsory clauses of
the aet and the rejection of much
of the training scheme that is at
preaent objectionable. Realizing
that unleas a great agitation Is put
in motion the militarists wilt be
successful with this scheme of extended conscription, the Australian Laber party Is setting nut to
show that lt is Is earnest in its
demand for the repeal of the present defence act, and the prevention of conscription fer home'defence, or any other purpose, in
that country.
Not only Js It certain that ths
Hughes anti-Labor government1
will not move In the direction of
repeal until pushed, but there is
deadly and Imminent risk that the
militarists, including tens ot thousands of fully trained ofltcen will
induce the jingo politicians to extend the military system and intensify th* grip ef military law
upon th* youths of Australia.
- From variouB announcements
that have been made, lt Is evident
that the militarists intend springing a surprise on the Australian
public, and It ls thought that this
surprise will be the announcement
of a three months' annual oamp
system Instead ot the present IB
days' training. The institution of
this long term of training means
the withdrawal of the trainees
from civil Ufe, and from wealth-
producing: and it is, at the same
time a shameless repudiation of
the promises made when the defence'act was first Introduced Into
Australia to the ettect that the
limit of K days would not be
altered, and certainly not In the direction of European conscription.
But Just as promises were then
made to gull and quieten the public, so now the trainee la told that
the result of ths lengthening of
the period of continuous training
will be accompanied by a shortening ln the number of years to
which he Is liable for training. It
la certain that this new scheme of
Prussianism Is part of the British Imperial scheme to have an
army ready In the Dominion
which msy be sent anywhere and
fight anybody in the future, as the
Imperialists lit London dictate.
The Australian Labor pnrty recognises that action to folltths militarists Is urgent, and along with
lt must go the fight for he entire
cutting eut of compulsory training
altogether, which, after all, Is the
root of the conscription cancer.
It realises that if -action ls not
taken at once, lt may be too late,
and Australia after the war win
be as Germany was before ths
Mills in United States Close Down
In Order to Cut Wages and
Lengthen Hours
(By Tbe Federated Press)
New Tork, (N. T. Buresu)—
Union textile workers have set their
Jaws for the heaviest flght ln ths
history of the industry, as mills
all over the east follow the example
Just set by the American Wollen
Company in closing down indefinitely.  /.
Practically the only mills now
working in the east are thoss tn
Pennsylvania, which are unorganized and to which much work has
been shifted during the frontal attack upon the unions.
Further curtailment In the mills
belonging to the Passaic Wool
Council has occurred. Four of the
mills Inaugurated short work
weeks June 11; and early In July
two mills .closed down altogether.
It Is reported that the decision
for a general shut-down was made
at a secret meeting of manufacturers, which would clearly constitute a combination In restraint of
trade, coming under the Lever
Act. So far the Investigation of the
department of Justice is making
lifthls regard has come to nothing,
and there is a.feellng among manufacturers that It will continue to
come to nothing.
The United Textile Workers have
begun their drive for a million dollar fund to enable textile operatives to fortify themselves against
the predicted move on the part of
textile manufacturers to get their/
Achievements of Russia
Greatest in History
of Man '
The revolution Is spreading
throughout Europe and Asia with
the speed of a Prairie Are. Every
act of the Bourgeoisie discloses to
the slowly awakening proletariat
the Incompetence, brutality, 'greed
and ignorance of those ln power.
The fortunes of the Russian Reds
are being followed by the class-
conscious section of the working
class with an eagerness and an intensity that can almost be felt.
The heart of the revolutionary
world is now beating so high with
hope that you can almost feel Ita
pulse. Every move made by the
Bolsheviki, whether it bs in the
Halls of Legislature, or on the
field of battle, reveals a knowledge
and a skill so superior to that of
the* opponents, that they command and compel the statesmen of
the capitalist class, not only to
respect and fear them, bnt to recognize and acknowledge that
they are confronted by a powex
they can neither deceive nor defeat.
Th* achievements of the working
men of Russia during the paat
two and a half rears have surpassed anything ever before accomplished by man. In the heart
of the Proletariat 'their memory
will liv* so long as human tint*
ahall last The "might of the rulers
of Britain, of Franoe, -of Germany,
and of the civilised world waa
hurled against them for two and
a half yekrs. All that a perverted
and lying press could do to defile
theas heroic men was spewed
forth by unsorpulous editors ln
every capltaliat country under the
sun. The spy, tii* sgent provocateur, the assassin; any and every
vile means were employed to destroy the power of the Soviets, but
to no purpose. Each and fevery
one haa failed, and today tbe Red
Flag files triumphant over the
blood stained Holds of Poland.
The flrst stage et the revolution
is accomplished. The governments
of the capitalist countries are now
yelling for peace with the Bolsheviki, and demanding that the
workers ^if Germany be disarmed.
It will prove too great a taak to
disarm the reds ot Central Europe-
There are sixty-eight millions of a
population in Germany alone. Tho
Industries are spread over every
part of the eountry, every factory
la a fortress, and every mine conceals machine guns and the implements of war. The German working man haa bis equipment tn
readiness, and, awaits the development of that revolutionary atmosphere, which contains the elements that make success assured.
The backbone of the old Oerman
army was ths non-commlsaloned
officer. He ls now lined up with-
his class, and his very existence
depends upon ths success ot the
proletariat ln the mighty conflict
that Js coming,
Ths situation In Italy, the Balkans, the Scandanavian countries,
and In Europe generally ls such
that ths triumph ot ths worktn.
class can be anticipated in ths Immediate future. Capitalism ln
Europe has practically collapsed.
The Industrial unrest in the United
States, however, Js purely American. It bas no connection and ls
not Identified with the movement
in othor countries. The American
proletariat ls net yet conscious of
its existence. It is on this continent that the forces ot reaction-
will flnd a rallying ground. It Is
on this continent that capitalism
will make its lsst stand. Though
Europe and Britain should declare
for the Co-operative Commonwealth, the capitalist 'class of the
United States would flght tor capitalism to the death.
The recent elections In Winnipeg Indicate that the Canadian
worker Is awakening from his ls-
thrgy, and the Movement here
should grow In strength and knowledge from this time on. The
working- clsss has stepped for
ward as a power In ths Dominion,
and at the American capitalist
economically controls the Industries of this country, we art In for
stirring times. The coming election on the ether side of the 11ns
will reveal the bitter conflict raging among the capitalists themselves, and is, likely to be the forerunner ef dramatic developments.
The capitalist ship is now headed
straight for ths rooks. Economically, morally and intellectually
bankrupt, ths capitalist class can
do nothing but let It go to ruts.
It behooves every working man
to put on the life belt of knowledge, tke knowledge of Socialism,
so that when he ls thrown Into the
of Ignorance and helplessness,
that will soon be raging in every
capitalist city ln the world, he will
know how to save himself, he will
•know how to help his fellows to
reach the Co-operative Commonwealth.    •
The success of the Soviets Is due
to the faet that they were led by
men trained ln the School of Marx.
The Marxian philosophy supplies
ths working class with the mental
weapons that mako It invincible.
The power ot the master class can
be taken away by a working class
that understands, and ls dominated by ths will to be tree.
The time is now here that the
pioneers of the Movement have
looked forward to with so much
longing. The reds of today huve
the Joy ot seeing the beginning of
the end. It is up to them to be
worthy of the task they have inherited. It ls up to the slave to
play the man. His mission Is to
overthrow capitalism, and to carve
from the/knowledge of the past
and the materials at hand, a free
soolety that will enable each lndl-
dual to have every.opportunity for
full development, and to reap the
product of his toll.
(By The Federated Press )
Copenhagen, (N. T. Bureau)—
Several leaders of ths trada unions
and Communist and Socialist organizations of tha Georgian port
of Batum have been arrested by
the British army of occupation
and shipped to Malta, according to
the report received by Slgnor Serratl, editor of the Italian Socialist
newspaper, 'Avanti,' who Is here
as a member of the Italian delegation on route to Soviet Russia.
Sale Closes tbis Week
From Maker to Wester -
The Home of Authentic Style
Near Granville
workera back later at longer hours,
minus tho li per cent. Increase In
wages granted ln June, prior to
the slump in the woolen Industry.
Are You Getting 100
Cent*s Value for
Your Dollar?   .
If In Doubt, Try Shopping th*
"Marketaria" Way
Unlimited supply B. ft
Granulated Sugar, per 100
lb. sack  :.»21.50
BUTTER,   fresh  new  grass
creamery, t lbs. for 11.05
CHEESE, the very finest Ontario, lb .* sgo
EGGS, local new laid, fresh
daily, dea,  , sec
PORK ANO BEANS,  i  tins
for _ .250
ROLLED OATS, Robin Hood,
t»r sack  _..STc
per larks tube  30e
POTTED BEEF, assorted Haven, t tins :...aiAi
BLACKING, large ttu4«o
per cake  .Mc
*ria, 3 tins ,..! M?
NEW POTATOES, the finest
grown, arriving dally at lowest prices.
CANTALOUPES,   large   aad
ripe, each Me
NEW CABBAGE, per lb.....»e
per pkg. ..*. Me
CORN, PEAS and TOMATOES, 5 tins for ....$1.0»
special, Ib.  .....Me
The Home of Quality
Seymour IMS
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is net satisfactory to 700, after you
have thoroughly tried it
«st, w« will remove what
eoal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.        •
Tou to he the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Mmssi asftssn UU aad see
1250,000   Sent   by   International
Villon ot Garment Worken
New Tork.—Striking garment
makers of Warsaw, Poland, havs
cabled their expressions of gratitude to Benjamin Schlesinger,
president of the International
Ladles' Garment Workera' Union,
for the union's contribution of
$250,000 to its flght against- ths
The. gift followed the receipt of
a telegram six weeks ago announcing that the ladies' tailors of Warsaw, Poland,-had gone on strike
and that the situation of the workers was so bad that it needed immediate relief. The contribution
was drawn from a permanent fund
for relief of Polish workers, established after Schleslnger's return
from Poland some time ago.
The international congress ot
the garment workers' unions will
open-in Copenhagen, Denmark, on
August 16.
The call ter the congress was
sent out by the temporary bureau
of th* International Clothing
Workers' Federation. ,
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers In roncwlng
their subscriptions sre sending In
the old price. The new rates are
aa follows: In Canada, 92.50 per
year; $1.50 per halt year. United
States, $3.00 ner year. If subscribers will see that thoy send ln the
proper amount lt will aid us and
also avoid confusion.
Greatest Stock ol
ia Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
/bs aon tou obi
Hm—tl TOT UK l*CS
aad Ifon-sloohoUc wlass of an
Labor Power Regenerated
—at tke—   '
Meals of the Beat—Priest
P. Gibb N
67 Oordova SL W.
Near the Loggers' HaU
Um Royal Crown Soap*
{and Save the Coupons
THESE line Spring days mako you want to get out doors and
enjoy yourselves.    . .
Whether you are a disciple of Isaac Walton or a baseball ia*.
thusiast, we are here to take oars of your every need. We hav*,
the largest stook of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting goods
In British Columbia, all moderately priced.
018 HASTINGS STREET WEST Phono Seymour 45*
OF IHB 0. B. V.
$2:50 PER YEAB
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News-
Camp Reports
A special meeting of delegates
Was held In the district headquarters, Third Avenue, Frince George,
July 4th, 2 p.m.
Delegates present: P. Deagle, R.
C. Hutch, E. Clay) C, P. Gustation, H. Smith, C. F. Horrison and
A. Palmgren.
A. Palmgren was nominated as
ehalrman. A question was. raised
as to fhe position of other members present who wers not delegates and on a motion by H. Smith,
seconded by E. Clay, It was decided to allow them a voice and
vote In the proceedings.
The present seoretary, J, Stevenson, tendered his resignation
which was accepted, and C. F. Hor-
rlson was appointed to Ml the position.
Wm. Rollings and Gso. Nelson
wer* chosen ato represent ths district at the general convention to
be held in Vancouver.
The delegates to the convention
were instructed to support a move
towards ths reduction of the per
capita tax at present being paid to
general headquarters.
A motion by C. F. Morrison, sec-
ended by H. Smith, that the per
capita tax to headquarters be aet
at 16 csnts was carried.  Delegate
B. C. Hutch asked a question regarding the advisability of allowing members of certain fraternal
organisations to be membera ln the
O. B. U. It wsa pointed out that
the fraternal and secret society organizations were losing their hold
en the worker, and lt was considered better policy to leave the subject at present to the Individual
Hoved by Mm. Rollings, seconded by W. Thompson, that "Anyone holding an official position in
any political party can not hold ofllce In the L. _ C. W. I. U. O. B. U.
. The question ef returned men
paying initiation fss was broached,
some of the members expressing
the opinion that a time limit should
be set, after which all new members, returned, unloa or otherwise,
should pay the entrance fee. Finally It waa decided to leave th* matter as at present.
To Oil two vacancies on the district executive, Wm. Rollings and
Geo. Nelson were elected.
Heetlng adjourned.
J. STEVENSON, Secretary.
«. Boom Camp
At our laat meeting the following
business was transacted:
Moved and seconded: "That this
eamp favor a general strike, ln order to eliminate blacklisting against
members of this union, motion to
be inserted ln The Federatlonist."
Motion carried.
Hoved and seconded: "That this
camp go on strike every 24 hours
every time men come to camp
hired at Employers' Labor Agency,1
motion to be Inserted in The Federationist." Motion lost.  '
Moved and seconded: "That camp
committee Inform foreman that
Smith refuses to pay dues to this
Union, also that Alf. Anderson refuses to pay dues, and the meeting
demands that they either pay up or
get out. Motion to be Inserted In
The Federatlonist." Motion carried,
Note—In The Federatlonist of
May 19th, by an oversight, the result of the action on above motions
waa omitted.
Camp 1
Well organized— management
disposed to be favourable to Union
.Laundry not yet built and water
facilities In bathroom could be improved upon.Bxpect these to be remedied ln the near future. Two
delegates being sent to convention
with Instructions to go on record
aa opposed to gambling In camps
as this haa a tendency to encourage the men to be more Interested
In the pot than In Improving the
camp conditions or In acquiring a
better understanding of working
class questions.
General conditions here {airly
Corns' Camp.
ffhe members of this oamp; at a
meeting dated July 4, unanimously
decided os the following demands:
That the cook pay back dues to
the union not later than July 10.
That the toilet be removed te a
eonvenlent place, or extended to
low tide water line.
That the  members  ask  for a
Otanal Headquarters:
Vancouver, B. 0.; B. Winch, SI Oordova Strset Weil -
Oraasnek, B. 0.; I. H. Ikompsen,
Bex 16.
Cranbrook    Dlstriot—Ugal    editor:   Ooorge Spronll.
Samloopi, B. 0.; J. L. Paterson, Box
SIS, S Victoria Street.
■snit, B. 0.; W. I. Elinor, Box S.
■suoa, B. O.i  B. Barrow,  Oonoral
Meotingi are held ln the 0.- B. U.
Ball, Baker Street, Nelson, on the
ilrst and third  Sunday ot each
.month at 8 p.m.
Princo Oaorge, B. 0.; 0. T. Kerriaon,
Drawer SO. ,
Prince Bupert,' B. 0.; 3. H. Burrough,
Box 8SS.
Vucouver, B, O.S.J. H. Olsrke, 61
Oordova Street West.
Victoria, B. p.;  E. Waterloo, 1491
Oovernment Street,
Bdmonton, Alta.;  0.  Barf,  10668—
lOlit Street Bait.
Frince Albert, Seek.; (he. lather, 108
—8th Street Eaat
Winnipeg, Han.; Lumberworkera' Union, 186 Henry. Avenue.
Cochrane, Oat.; B. Orandoll, General
Fort Francli, Out.; S. O. Bell, Bex
690, Webster Hall.
Sudbury, Ont.; WS Covin, Box 1681,
Llagar Street.
Montreal; O. Bluett*. 86 St. Laurent
convenient and sanitary'place for
bathing purposes.
The cook ls a new man on the
Job. He Is a "card carrier," and
Is six months behind with his
dues. He said that lt might, perhaps, he six years before he would
pay, giving as his reason that the
union would not enforce an. 8-hour
day for the cooks, and much more
to the same effect.
A meeting was called, and the
above decisions were unanimously
arrived at and handed to H. H.
Corns. Next morning he answered that we could 'all go down.'
Later In the day, he told the delegate that he would never consent
to our demands.
* Union men and all others whom
It may concern, take note and act
according.—Delegate 196.
Whonnock, B, C.
We the workers of the Fir's Ltd,,
woods employees only, demand the
reinstatement of the two fallers
fired on account of not taking the
falling on contract, and nothing
was said to .the other men about
the contract, so we decided to walk
out unless the employer let these
men continue to work by the day
as they had been doing. The employers are contractors, H. -Black
and W. F. Reese.
-Anton  F.  Anderson,  A24S  and
John Westerland, W24I, are  the
men who came to take the place
of the men that the boss wanted to
contract, and now that we are on
atrlke they are working.   We demand these men to be blacklisted.
Fellow Worker Halliday ln the
Minutes of previous meeting read
and accepted.
Fellow Workers Labell and Holllday reported on behalf of the
committee that visited tbe camps'
of the Cargill Co. of Canada, stating that they found the camp in
good condition; that a bath house
and dry room were being built and
electric lights Installed; also that
the food was fairly good.
Organizer Alexander reported
that the millworkers had elected
their delegates* to the convention.
A meeting had been beid at Port
Moody, when a' speaker had addressed the meeting and that there
had been a good attendance. A
dance had been held at Mlllardvllle,
which had been very successful.—
Report accepted.
Financial report given In detail
Balance In hand June 24..* 6,948.28
Receipts »     8,684.68
Expenses    6,431.16
On the 26th June, I was accused
by U, G. Doble of Camp 6, Port
Alice, of camouflage, treachery, lying, misconduct, hiding under t
delegate's number, in addition to a
personal attack. But he does not
say What I did. The report I sent
in acted on that bunch like a red
rag on a bull, but they cannot deny
the truth, and It hurts. The best
way to settle the matter IS to leave
It to the crew wliich was In Camp
9 at the time; they know if I did
any dirty work, and if so, let them
report. I was personal ohly to Mr,
Phelan in regard to his statements,
and if Mr. Doble is taking up the
argument for him, it ls good and
well to know which side he favors.
The only reference 1 made to Mr.
Doble was to his endorsing a letter
written May the 3rd or 4th .by the
delegate In Camp 1 telling us in
Camp 9 that if we went on strike
we would not get the support of
the rest of the camp, and men, who
stayed ahd worked would not be
considered as strike-breakers. Was
that letter read to the meeting at
Camp 6 and approved by the men?
Three different members whom I
know worked at Camp 6 at the time
told me they did not know anything
of the letter. It would also be Interesting to know lf the.crew of
Camp. 1 gave Instructions to their
delegate to write that letter, and
I think the members who worked
at Camps 1 and 6 should report the
facts to headquarters. It would
clear them of the suspicion that,
they allow the delegates of Camps
1 and 6, and Mr. Phelan, to run
that part of the union to suit themselves. He says I was friendly. At
that time, there was a man in Vancouver 'on the streets with a sign
advertising the strike at Camp 8,
Port Alice. At the same time, 26
men hired ln Vancouver to work
there, and that was the camp which
Phelan, Doble, and company picked out where to settle business matters with the union, (I, friendly
with that bunch!) There is much
more I would like to tell, but it
would take too much space. However, lf Mr. Doble is interested, I
will be pleased to go further Into
Yours for the 0. B. U.,
(Sgd.)      A. B. ANDERSON.
Cox & Verge
Small crew. Conditions aro the
limit. No accommodation, with little food and no vegetables. No bath
or first aid kit. Pig running loose.
Can't flnd out date of last pay day,
or the next.
It ls reported that the workers
of Cranbrook and Greenwood districts will run candidates at the
next provincial election In opposition to the present members, Drs.
King and McLean. One reason for
the contemplated action is the opposition of these men to the 8-
hour bill which waa Introduced at
tbe last session by Major Burde.
In addition, as Dr. McLean ls minister for health, he Is responsible
for the enforcement of the Provincial laws relating to sanitary
camps, and so badly has this duty
been performed that It Is essential
in the Interests of the public generally, and. the camp workers particularly, that such a menace to
their health shall be eliminated.
Whilst the House was In session
the workers requested the government to further extend the provisions .of the act In protection of
their health and well being,—Their
requests were Ignored. Consequently direct action on the job,
at the ballot box, and everywhere
else, is the only remedy.
Of course It goes without saying
that the Incompetent minister of
labor will be opposed at the next
election. He led the attack on the
8 hour day proposal, and has a
record for Incompetency it would
be hard to equal.
It Is reported that children under the age of 14 years are being
employed In certain camps: -This
Illegal and members are requested to give definite Information of any such1 cases coming to
their notice. .
Contribution to the Defence Fund
amounting to 617.60 from Housley's
Fer Del. McPherson.
When through with this paper,
pass It on.
Leaving balance on hand
July 9th  I 6,096.70
Report received and referred to
Secretary reported having received a communication from Neihart, Jdontana,' stating that the
Uetal Miners' Unit of the O. B, U.
at that point, who were on strike,
were In need of assistance and that
they atated that lf they were able
to hold out another two weeks they
would probably win.
The executive had Instructed that
(260 be sent to aid them.
At the strike at Whonnock they
had been trying to hire Chinese.
They had got a few but the Chinese
offices had been notified and the
men had ceased going out there. If
a delegate was 'elected at the meeting to attend the convention, the
executive had ruled that no one
who had voted for delegate in the
Camp could vote for a delegate In
town, and that all membera voting
for a delegate must produce tbelr
cards.—Report accepted.
Moved—"That all members who
have not voted ln camp stand up.-1*
On a count being taken lt was
found that thore were slxty-ono
present who had not voted In camp.
Moved—"That nominations be
called for."—Carried.
Nominees' were—Doyan, John
Clark and Mclntyre.
Moved—"That ballot papers be
distributed and that the members
who vote put the name of the
nominee they vote for on one side
of the paper and their card number
on the other."—Motion lost.
Moved—"Thnt tho names of the
nominees be called out and those in
favor of a nominee stand up when
the name Is called. The nominee
getting the largest vote to be declared elected."—Carried.
Fellow-Worker John Clark getting the largest number, of votes
was declared elected.
Moved—"Thnt the delegate who
had been elected be Instructed to
work against the piece-work and
contract system." -
Amendment—"That the delegate
who had been elected cell a meeting immediately after the close of
this meeting and receive his in
structions."—Amendment carried.
Moved—"That this meeting recommend that any delegate coming
to the convention in a state of intoxication be expelled from the
The secretary reported ^at a
member who had been ln the hospital for over two months had
asked for relief, as he had left the
hospital but was unable to work.
M«,ved—"That the matter be referred to the Coast Executive with
a recommendation to help the
member If they saw fit."—Carried.
A lengthy dlsoussion on the
Union Bay atrlke followed.
Meeting adjourned at 6:80 p.m.
. The Labor and Industrial Journal, camouflaged as being Issued
at Vancouver, didn't like our correspondent's comment on "Canadianlsm"—"Americanism" in The
Fed. issue of June 6th. It falls
to distinguish between a hireling
of the "kept press" who prostitutes
his ability (If he haa any) to do
the bidding of his master's voice,
and the active "radical" worker
ln the labor movement who enters
whole-heartedly, and with all the
vigor and ability at his disposal to
advance to the fullest extent possible the emancipation of the
working class from exploitation ln
every form. These mon, despised
and rejected by the "approved and
"respectable"' public, lied about,
abused ahd considered to be evry-
body's target for mud slinging,
more often than not carry on their
work under considerable physical
and flnanclal penalty. But, being
composed of different material
than the hirelings who do the dirty
work for the profiteers and exploiters of human labor, they have a
higher incentive. Daring all and
fearing none.Knowlng no man
master of their Intellect. Desiring
no man to be their slave.
Bye-the-bye, if those who admit responsibility for getting out
the piffle ln the L. A I. Journal
really want to get away with the
bluff that theirs Is an "exclusive
Canadian publication with offices
and staff In Vancouver," they
should be more careful and not
send any copies stamped "lc Paid,
Seattle, Wash., Permit No. 64."
Dempsey's Camp No. 1
We desire to reply to the report
in Fed. of June 25th, under the
above heading.
Camp 2 Kave us no notice of any
trouble existing ln their camp.
On a previous occasion Camp
2 had refused to co-operate with
this Camp In any business whatsoever.
Dealing with the last paragraph
of tbe report, we wish to know
what official notice Del. 889 bad
that Camp 1 members are not as
good union men as he ls.
The slur on the blacksmith ls
an unwarranted personality.
Camp 1 wishes to Inform all Interested that tt is a 100 per cent
organized camp of union men.
R. DURBIN,—Camp Committee.
Whers la £?<" union button?
Chas. Adamson, refund from post offlce of registered letter
lost October, 1919  rKr-1 : '
Winnipeg defense fund .
Fort .Frances strike fund .
Prince Rupert collection on accoun
medical expenses.
Fellow-worker   Cann's
Refund of temeporary loan .
O. B. U. Buttons  :..	
Coaat District
Prince George District .
Cranbrook District .
Balance on hand. Hay 81 .
Office supplies:
Western specialty account  1167.60
........ ....- ......4    17.80
Postage    -, ?...... ...........
Western Clarion :. .'. -.:.... 1112.80
Ukranlan papers .......   18.00
Ukranlan Labor News, Winnipeg ....:    90.00
Ukranlan pamphlets : .-....; _.    85.00
Vapaus Publishing Company   180.60
O. B. U. Bulletins  „.i..........  889.65
Searchlight   u  ._...'...U........„* ;... 160.00
Duty on Brass Checks  :    40.62
Sundry literature    .  ■—-      '.60
.. 820.91
O. B. U. per capita tax, on account.
B. C, Federatlonist:
Papers —
O. B. V. Buttons and Folders .
Buttar _ Chlene, auditors ...
Telegraph account    —.
Fort Frances strike   	
Winnipeg defense fund
Buckley Bay expense, re Buckley Bay strike, Pr. Rupert Dlst
Advertisements     ..—...— - .....
Victoria District expenses »....-.-	
General organisation expenses —....... ••
Expense re Fellow-worker Cann —.....—•
Prince Albert District 	
Montreal District  ...., ■ ........„........_—
Tlmmlns Dlqjjlct     —.....»..: —-.—.
Kamloops District    .... ."..... ■•— :.	
Winnipeg District    ..••• - -
Penticton District	
Bank exchange, etc -..
Balance on' hand June 80
• 60.00
Coast District Statement for June, 1*20.
Fees .
..     108.00
Delegates remittances '—. ...$6,138.04
Less Commission .«..':.£. $170.60
Less expenses  .?.!.'..!....    80.29
bn :1
Diatrict members
O. B. U. Buttons ..
O. B. U. Folders ..
Central Strike 	
ro y<;
Wages:   District Office
Rent     ([in-
Light ■-• .*•••
Telephone     *t- .
Telegrams v -	
Mimeograph      .'. *f.
Card cabinet  -	
Stationery      .—-
Office sundries	
Postage      :	
Literature for reading room	
Organization, hall rent, transportation .
Delegates' commission and expenses ...
Folders • —
Janitor's supplies .
Hospital end sick relief ,
Carrying banner 	
Sign writing —	
General literature
Per capita T. and L. Council, Hay to September .
Balance defence account -..'.	
Bank charges
Hire gas boat re lien Gambler Island wages .
Refund amount overpaid E.*J. Scrutton	
Voted to W. Matson 	
Refunds, varloua  ■,	
Fare Village Bay .
Head Office balance May per capita ,  II
Head Office account, June per capita      •'•••• •-
Strike Expenses—
Swanson Bay •	
Comox     '•	
Raia Island  : *-.- •	
Carrlden Bay	
Port Neville  - ~ -
Stillwater     - -	
Union Bay  -	
Cowichan Lake - -  •—
Port Moody 	
Printing eilckers 	
Balance forward
.. •,271.30
Less expenditures .
Balance on hand ...
..    7,268.66
..$ 6,993.23
I will try and gfve my views on
the way that ! think the ProSbl-
tion Act la being enforced In the
city of Kamloops. There are a lot
of bootleggers and there are the
city poiloe, tke Royal Canadian
Mounted Police and the provincial
police. And you never hear of a
bootlegger getting caught, but oome
poor working man whom the bootlegger has poisoned ls the man who
Is dragged into jail and a heavy
flne Imposed upon him. If the police force is not being bribed
why are the bootleggers not picked up ln place of their victim? And
another thing thnt I havo noticed
in our city Ib some of our supposed
good citizens can come down the
streets at one and two o'clock In
the morning and the street is hardly wide enough for them, but they
go along unmolested by our worthy
local representatives of law and
order (so-called). Will oome one
tell me why It Is that the parasite
Is getting all the protection and the
wage slave none? Working men,
wake up and do not let the bootlegger and kis tools entice you to
drink that poison, for, apart from
the Injury to you, hpth mentally
and physically, you are sure sooner
or later to be made the goat of the
stool pigeon. So fellow-workers
next time you como to town try and
not let the capitalist and the bootlegger lead you astray for all they
want Is to keep you broke so they
can do as they like with you. It ls
about time that the working men
woke up and did aomethlng for
themselves, but as long as they
think moro ot a bottle of whisky
than of their own welfare, they will
be forced to sccept whatever conditions their exploiters care to Impose upon them. For as we know
it le hard to do anything along the
Hues of organization with whisky
jflowlng the way It does ln Kamloops and elsewhere. It la a shame
the way our union men are being
fooled here in Kamloops. In this
city recently they took In botter
than live hundred dollars In lines
from the workers.
' Donations  received from  J.  L.
Peterson, Kamloops District, L.W.
•' Defense Fund— •
Gordon Clark $ 2.00
W.1 Presser    1.00
Jol|n Toth   2.00
Ed. Tremaln „ — 1.00
y. Willing   2.00
Total    < «.00
Fort Frances Strike—
A. Stephenson  ....   6.00
P. A. Johnson — 1.00
Jaa. Mclntyre   16.00
Total   11.00
Soviet Russia Medical Relief   1.00
Total   11.00
Eastern members are warned not
to pay dues to H. C. Joanlsse and
to report to Sudbury office tbe address of thla man.
Any one knowing th* present
addresB of F. I. Barrett, please
communicate with Vancouver head,
quarters, i
Delegatea called to order at 10
a.m„ Monday, July 12, by the
coast secretary.
Delegate Head elected aa temporary chairman.
By motion adopted that a credential committee of five be elected, and the meeting adjourned until the committee was ready to
When the meeting was again
called to order the credential
coirfmittee reported 60 delegates
present, of whom 26 had credentials In good order, and the remaining 24 did not give 'the
membership numbers'of those they
The committee recommended
that the credentials of these members be subject to the wish of the
meeting. '
By motion all the credentials
were approved and delegates seated.
tt was moved that executive
board be seated with the exception of the secretary.
Amendment that the executive
b» seated with a voice but no
Amendment to the amendment
that no paid official ahall have a
voice er vote ln the convention
unless called upon for Information.
The amendment to the amendment was adopted by the roll call
vote of 29 to 24, those voting In
favor having their names recorded.
Motion adopted tbat the balance
of the executive board be seated.
Skeleton committees were thsn
created with the provision that
any delegate oould attach himself
to any committee he desired—Arrangements; paat management;
future policy; resolutions; eamp
conditions;  wage scale grievance.
A motion was then adopted that
all delegates be oh bsnd at 9 am,,
Tuesday, to answer roll call, and
the name, of any delegate who was
not present at that time should be
reported to the camp he represented.
The meeting then adjourned,
and the delegates went into committee. Delegates reconvened on
Tuesday at 9 a.m. Roll call was
On motion, the floor was given
to. Mill Workera' Organizer Alexander, who explained the circumstances relating to the position of
the mill'workers' delegates. After
the matter was thoroughly discussed the motion was adopted
that the mill workers' delegates
be paid by the organization up to
$6 per day.
Credential committee reported
two more delegatea present, with
credentials In order, and oh motion,  delegates  were  seated.
By a standing voSe, delegates
decided to reconsider their previous action excluding paid officials
from having either voice or vote
at the meetings. After a long discussion the motion was adopted
that paid officials be given a voice
but- no vote. Delegates C. L.
Smith, E. DaM; J. Nicholson and
A. Cameron asked to be recorded
as voting in favor of the motion.
Delegates G. Fichett, J. J. Golden,
E, Kelly, R. Roberts, J. Halle, W.
Moore and G. Smith asked to be
recorded as voting against the motion.
The meeting Instructed that
those delegates who voted for the
amendment to the amendment
made the previous day: "That no
paid official should have a voice or
vote" should record their names
with the secretary after the meeting.
To prevent disputes over parliamentary proceedure, It was decided that the copy of Roberts'
Rules of Order, now being used,
should be used during the convention.
A sergeant-at-arms was appointed.
The chairman of the arrangements committee recommended
that the Pender hall be UBed for
the meetings, and that the session
be held from 10 a.m. to 12, and
from 1 p.m. to 6. The convention
proper to open at 10 a.m. Thursday. The recommendations were
The delegates having resolution?
to make were Instructed to hand
them In so that they could be read
at each meeting Immediately after
the mlnuteS.
The meeting adjourned at 11
a.m. to go into committee.
That American corporation, the
Canadian Paciilc Railway Co., ln
which the patriotic Canadians
Canadians tako auch pride, is
showing Its hand more than ever,
and easily It can afford to do so,
seeing the strangle hold which lt
haa upon the resources and governing bodies of this country.
Last week In an Issue o* a dally
paper lt wae stated that tho company was negotiating to bring to
Canada 20,000 Itallnn workerB to
be used In the construction and development work of the country In
which the company Is particularly
Interested. In another part of the
aame paper was an account of the
enquiry being made into tho application of the C. P. R. wharf
freight handlers at Vancouver for
a higher rate of pay, the men offering to accept $150 a month, the
company offering »115. Ye gods!
$116 a month! ! If the C. P. R.
get their 20,000 Italians, it Ib to be
hoped that they will be the kind
that the flnanclal and Industrial
Interests of that country are particularly anxious to get rid of at
the present time. A few thousand
more workers of tho right kind
will be a great acquisition to Canada, and very useful In "construction and development work.", ln
which thc workers of the world
are very busily engaged as a result
of which the New York owners of
the C. P. R. may have the satisfaction of doing a littlo useful
work in the construction camps of
"their" railway ln "our" country.
When that time comes they will
be more anxious to Improve the
conditions than they are at the
present time.
Sudbury District
Editor Federationist: Members of
the organization are warned
against paying dues or fee to H.
C. Joaniase.
Address of Karl F. McKlnen, P.
Ryan, N. Dudakoskl, E. Dew, C. E.
Wilson, H. H. Murphy, A. Vesenl-
kir, G. Whitelnw, W. Orr, Tomkln,
N. Koski, F. R. Holloway, Jim Kinney, J.eDlcomo, W. J. Chesney.and
hue Hamilton, book tender.
Cargill Company of Canada, Limited.-Simoon Sound
Robert Dollar Company —= Port Moody,
Whalen Pub & Paper Company.....—Swanson Bay,
Gold's Track Camp (Nor. Con. Co.).~P. G. E. Railway
Norton's Camp, or Orford Bay Tbr. Co... .Raza Island
Crowley's Camp _ *j——Grasrie Bay,
Brooks* Scanlon & O'Brien—  ..Stillwater
Murray's Camp ™ =~; Thompson Sound
Ocean Fab
Buckley Bay
Firs, limited, or Rees & Black-.-
Beale & Stamford.
Masset Tbr. Co.'s Sawmill
Hanson's Camp «———
Kenny Bros.
Royal Lumber Co..
Kleanza Co.
Metalliferous Mines...
.Usk, G. T. P. Rly,
.Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
JJsk, G. T. P. Rly.
Lindsay Bros..
. Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)!
Campbell River Lumber Co. (Fox Camp) ......Stag Bay,
Masset Timber Co. is firing the mcti on day wages
and letting work by contract UNION MEN TAKE
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp:
-Drury Inlet
In your issue of June 26th, you
published ft letter signed P. H. D.,
who makes a number of false statements regarding the Bash A- Door
Co., Kitchener, B. C, as well as
some serious and unjust accusations about the O. B. U. men working there. He states he was found
a ateady job uklng away slabs and
ties from the mill, and that th$y
were cutting about a thousand slabs
and five hundred ties per nine-hour
day. Now the company have only
cut one half that quantity of slabs
per day, and. as to ties, the whole
cut for 26 days in June was 4,828,
an -average of 186 per day, the
highest on any day being 304. He
states he worked hard trying to
keep the job clear and that he realised It was two men's work he
was doing. The fact Is, there has
never been two men on that job
since I came here 13 months ago,
and not only did he not make the
slightest effort to keep the Job clear
but during the flrst two days he
had help removing the slabs (the
flrst time this had been necessary),
and the fine, big, strong, able-bodied slave, as he Insultingly calls
one of our members, cleared away
the mess P. H. D. left in short time,
and had a flne easy time afterwards. There was a small old man
on the Job just previous to P. H.
D.'s time and he said lt wad a good
easy Job, so members can readily
Judge how hard P. H. D. worked.
He then says, "Now fellow workers, this camp ts a regular work
house." This is not only unjust, but
a deliberate falsehood, as any of
our members can, and are prepared
to vouch for, or for that matter,
most any one who has worked for
this company. Nine hours a day ls
correct, but twelve hour's work Is
another of P. H. D.'s whoppers. I
have worked In B. C. lumber camps
for over eight years and X have
never been ln a camp where the
workers received greater consideration than here. He says, "The O.
B. U. members there are not educated along the lines of industrial
unionism, they simply hold cards,
and it looks to me the camp is being run to the advantage of the employer and not to the workers." We
have 30 members working here and
to say they are Indignant is putting
It mildly. Early this year we made
our camp 100 per cent strong, and
we keep it at that. Our delegate Is
an indefatigable worker for the union, a member of our district executive, has signed up over E0
members and ls well known and
respected throughout the whole
district. The members are loyul to
a man and at all timos work harmoniously togethor. Since the New
Tear, we have won recognition for
our union from the company, had
the camp cleaned up, single spring
beds and mattresses, shower baths
and wash-house Installed, a scule
of wages equal to any ln this district, a reduction from 10 to 9
hours per day and a promise of
new bunk houses as booh as convenient, as well as many minor considerations Whon P. H. D. wns discharged, he asked our delegate to
call a meeting, as ho had a grievance. Our delegato said he was
willing to do so, and would call one
that night. That wasn't good
enough. He wanted ono at onco,
that Is, to call the men off their
work. When our delegate refused
to do this P. H. D. told another
member ho would have the O. B.
U. summoned {or obtaining money
by false pretenses. He also wanted
our delegate's number so that ho
could report him. In the Instructions how to hold meetings, Issued
with the constitution Ib the following wise recommendation:
,fIf the meeting is called by delegate, committee, or members, be
sure and givo as much notice as
possible, bo that every one who Is
interested can hnve the opportunity
to attend." If P. H. D. had any
accusations or insinuations to make
against our members or union, why
didn't he act like a man and wait
for the -meeting, Because we
wouldn't act according to his tactics, our union Is threatened with
a law suit, and our memberB unjustly accused of Ignorance and
grossly Insulted. He "beefs" obout
moral Bupport and Influence, and
with real hypocrlcy signs himsolf,
"Yours for the O. B. U. and solidarity of tho working class." How
much moral support has ho given
us? As to solidarity, It appears to
me he has mado an effort to undermine the very foundations of our
union and nullify the good work
done hero by our membors and my
object In writing Is not a personal
one, but to protect and win back
In some measure the good name
our members here undoubtedly de
serve. I can furnish proof for any
facts or statements I have mad*
to any one Interested and now, fellow workers, I would like to mako
an appeal to any one sending la
reports or sending correspondence,
to be strictly accurate at all timet.
Avoid any tendency tp exaggerate,
or make any false statements. Such
methods can never do us any goo*
and may do us a great amount ofl
Injury. I have the greatest respect
for, and confidence In the lumber-
Jack, generally speaking, they ar«
generous to a fault and as to their
being loyal, I don't think you can
find their equal ln any other industry. Much is said and written
about educating them along union
lines and In doing this, let us remember At all times, that the truth
Is none too good for them and that
we can best serve their Interests,
as well as those of' our union by,
giving them a square deal.
Tours ln respect and fraternally,
■ j. a. a
"Rattle his bones over the stones;"
He's only a pauper that nobody,
I wish to call attention to a protest against the rough handling I
saw given to an Injured logger
when taken aboard the Cheaka-
mus at Shoal Bay on Saturday,
June 25th. He had a compound
fracture of both bones of the leg;
the broken bones piercing the skin'.
A first rule In ambulance work is
that an Injured person once placed
on a stretcher shall not be removed therefrom until arrvlal at the
hospital. In this case, the tug
came alongside with the stretcher
leaning against the deck house,
and the Injured man in a berth.
To get him ln must have occasioned intense pain and possibly seriously aggravated the Injury. To
get him out was a difficult undertaking owing to cramped space; but
first the tug had to be moved as
the cabin door was not In line witty,
the baggago port. Suffering intense pain the man was put on
board and placed on the stretcher.
A qualified and thoroughly experienced first aid man who was a
passenger on the. Cheakamus endeavored to get a place cleared on
the lower deck so as to fix the par
tlent up comfortably without unr
necessary handling. His requests
were totally Ignored, and, instead
the man was lifted, twisted around*
and carried up a narrow staircase
to the forcdeck, where- there was
room to turn. After sundry
unsuccessful attempts to get Into
the side cabin, a man got over the
side of the ship, and by holding
the head of the stretcher, was at
able to twist It into the narrow
spaco between the cabins. Then an
attempt was mado to get Into an
end cabin, but this being impossible the man was lifted off and
by bending his body ho was at last
finally landed ln the bunk. Hie
cry of pain and the agony expressed on his face was unmistakable evidence of his suffering,
which was entirely due to the unnecessary, And I might add, brutal
handling. The boat was not due to
arrive at Vnncouver until Sunday
and the plight of the man must
then have been deplorable after tho
long delay and a repetition in getting him out of the bunk what he
had to undergo when being placed
These coast shipping compnnies
derive their revenue almost entirely from thc loggers, and they
shoutd be compelled to provide
ample accommodation and skillful
handling of the innumerable cases
of severely Injured passengers who
are compelled to use their boats.
Obviously the shipping companies
will not do this until compelled-
The governmental bodies resp6n-
sible for protecting the life and
limb of the workers and general
public will not take uny action until compelled—and the only body
having tho power to do It, and direct Interest in seeing that such
action ls tnken Is tho Lumber-
workers' Union. Hoping they will
tako Bome action in tho matter.
In the Penticton district Is A
largo lrrlgntlon Job employing
several hundred men, nearly all
of whom nre ox-servlce. The camp.
conditions are anything but up to
the standard whicli the average}
man would willingly put up with,
and few, if nny, would consider
them worth fighting for— Cnmp
1 Is particularly had In this respect,
and repeated complaints have1
been mado that tho regulations'
are not being compiled with.'
Grub Is poor, although the chargo,
for this has recently been Increased to  $1.50.
It Is a 9 hour day, wages $4.50.'
At 6 days a week this gives t21,
,       ^Continued on page 4). *AGE FOUK
publithed every Friday morning by Tt. B. C.
■ ( Federationist, Limited
twelfth year, no. h    itt- B-ii—fH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
Labor  Temple.   405 Dunsmuir Btreet
Telephono Seymour 5871
Bubscribtion Bates: United States aad Foreign,
$3.00 per year; Canada. $2.50 per year, $1.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Watty of Labor;  The Hop. of the World
...July 1C, 192,
TWO weeks ago we endeavored toj
point out the position of the fanner,
in his attitude towards any change in the
system of society, and the necessity of the
industrial worker having the aid of the
agricultural workers
IHE FARMER before any real pro-
ANDHI8 gross could  be made.
VIEWS Two   of   our   readers
have taken exception to
onr deductions, but neither of them have
either refuted our statements or disproved
in any particular the conclusion* we arrived at on the farmers' outlook.  One of
them takes the position that we- over
looked the fact, that the conditions that
Gorky stated must prevail before the
farmer eould line up with the industrial
worker, prevail now in this eountry.  He
also stated that the.farmerwould show
. that he was more class conscious than the
j       industrial worker in the near future.
Briefly, our second correspondent took
the position that the farmer was the backbone of capitalism, and so long as he
owned land, would not become a socialist.
»        •        •
The many general statements made by
our correspondents makes it impossible to
reply to all of their arguments in any one
issue, but as it is evident some interest has
been aroused by the editorial in question,
we will endeavo,r to clear up some of the
points raised.    Dealing with the state-
•   .   ment made as to the conditions now prevailing,  where it is necessary for the
farmer in this country to have machinery
in order to carry on production, it must
be recognized that in dealing with any
question affecting the working class, R
,     .wider survey must be made than that
which is possible within the confines of
•ny country.   In the scheme of things,
Canada is but a village and does hot very
much affect the world position.    But
take the Canadian-farmer and we find
that in most cases he "owns" his land.
True he uses machinery, but it must be
remembered that the industrial worker
has used machinery for a much longer
period than has the farmer, and the industrial workers have not yet reached
thst stage where it can be said that the
majority have recognized the class position.   We have no intention of belittling
the farmer, but merely a desire to explain
kis position snd outlook, and to demonstrate the necessity of his being educated
•long class lines, so that when the change
takes place, he will see tho need for lining np with the industrial workers, and
by doing so make the transition period
that much easier.
* *        *
Our correspondent takes the position
that the farmer is showing a degree of
clsss consciousness. We fail to see this to
•ny extent. It is true there are a number
who hsve seen through the trickery by
which their position as farmers is camou-
' f laged snd recognize that what they must
bring about is a change in society, but the
greater number are more concerned about
better facilities for shipping their grain,
more railways snd better prices. The in-
dustrisl worker who asks for a fair day's
psy for s fair day's work and makes that
hia' slogan, is jnst as intelligent as the
farmer who makes "machinery free from
taxation'' his dream of Utopia. Because
a farmer has recognized that he is at the
mercy of the mortgage and machinery
companies does not necessarily prove that
he has become class conscious, no more so
•t any rate, than does the combination of
- the industrial workers in trade unions for
shorter hours and better wages prove that
they have realized that they are the slaves
of a system of exploitation, that not only
makes their position one of misery, but
which lias no nope of being bettered under
* * *
'Another difference between the fiusocr
and the industrial worker, is the fact thst
the former is able to live to some extent
on the products wliich his occupation
gives him _ the opportunity of raising,
.while the city worker is never more than
two weeks from want or shortage of necessities and in the periods of industrial
depression and when out of work, that
space of time brings him to. the verge of
starvation. In other words the position of
the industrial worker is more precarious
snd consequently by the very fact of his
environment being what it is, he is more
readily able to see the position he holds in
society, and his sufferings makes him
more likely to take a step to remedy his
condition without thought of why he
moves,and what ho is aiming to secure.
Our first correspondent states that we
must considor the farmers' position from
the environment of the farm.   Exactly,
•and it cannot be viewed from any other
.. angle, but our second correspondent goes
to the extreme when he states that the
.   farmer is the backbone of capitalism and
iWill never be educated to become a socialist while he downs'' his land.   This we
I cannot concede, for the changing methods
of the production of wheat and other
farm products-have already made changes
: in the outlook of the farmer.   He has,
however, organized, not on a class basis,
but like tho trade unionists, on a basis
determined by the occupation on which
he depends in order to secure a living.
'   .This form of organization, or an outlook
confined to the farm will not, however,
brin* the farmer to a knowledge of his
position in society. He must, along with
the industrial worker, recognize that he is
exploited by the system. That, so long as
the system lasts, his troubles will multiply
and his -position become worse. More
railroads and free machinery will not
assist him. He must, along with the industrial worker, line up to end the^ystem
that exploits him, and not until he has
reaehed that position will he fso on the
road to freedom.
* » •»-'■'
Our correspondent takes the position
tha't the farmers wont have to provide
the food necessary during the transition
period, taking the position that the farmers' product is in the elevators and gran-
naries along the railroads. This is only
partially true. Thp farmer produces many
other things besides cereals. He produces
butter, milk, meat, vegetables, fruit, and
many other things that are essentia^ to
the people. During the Winnipeg strike
the people to some extent lacked these
necessities because of the cessation of
transportation, and only recently a small
strike on the forties on thc Hudson river,
caused a shortage of necessities in the
City of New York. During the time in
which the miners and railroaders in the
U. S. A. were talking strike, the farmers
of that country stated openly, that in the
event of a strike, they would shut off all
supplies to the cities. It must also be realized that, the transition period in any
country will not be of a short duration,
and that it may take years in order to
establish the new order on a proper footing. After seeing the effects of the blockades in Europe, and realizing that all
countries cannot produce the necessary
foodstuffs, the problem becomes more
than a national one. Great Britain eould
be starved within a month. And the farmer and his outlook is one of the most
vital questions in this day when capitalism is fast crumbling, ahd the system
slowly but surely disintegrating. In fact
it is a question of the unity of the working class, and without belittling the position, and the outlook of the farmer, it
becomes the duty of every worker to see
the position as it is, and to realize that
much depends on the stand taken by the
- farmer in. the days when the industrial
workers, due to their position and environment, will be compelled to attempt
to bring about a change that will free
them from the curse of human slavery.
* * •
Unless the farmers understand the position, they will ss they did in Hungary,
and as they threatened to do in the States,
cut off the supplies from the cities. By so
doing they would in a few days bring
about desolation and starvation in the
large centres. It is true as our correspondent states, that the Russian peasant joined
forces with the eity proletariat because
of the fact that he wanted land, and was
promised it by Lenin. This we pointed out
to show that the peasants were not Socialists but land-hungry people, and because
they could get land by that method, they
joined the Bolsheviki. Land-owning farmers, in all parts of the world, are more
conservative than the industrial workers.
They imagine that they own something,
while the industrial worker to a great extent realizes that he owns nothing, not
even having the right to live, unless the
employing class need his services. The
ownership of land, has camouflaged the
position of the farmer in this country, it
has done the same in the U. S. A. Where
the farmer is a tenant farmor, there will
be found a greater measure of unrest,
add consequently intelligence, and understanding of the position. Where the agriculturists are more of the agricultural or
farm laborer type, it will be found that
they are ready to join with their fellows
in the cities. Great Britain provides a
good example of this. It is sll s question
of environment ss our correspondent
states, snd while the Canadian farmer is
using machinery, he has net yet been
pushed sufficiently to demonstrate to him
that he is a alave of capitalism. The same
thing applies to the United States, Hungary, and other countries where similar
conditions .prevail, and it must be the
work of the industrial workers td carry
the propaganda of the new order to the
farming community, not as a matter of
brotherly love, but out of sheer necessity.
For the industrial worker will feel the
pinch the soonest, and consequently will
act thc flrst. Prevention is better than
cure, and now is the time to,bring to the
farmers the knowledge which will make
them an asset instead of s detriment. The
ground is ready, all that is needed is the
seed, and the harvest will bc assured.
then be driven like cattle into an organization that they had no use for.
* * • %M
Mr. Armstrong also states that the A
ent agreement has been ratified by a vote
of three to one. This is not true, Me
agreement has not been ratified by the. M-
jority of the miners in the district^;jj|
may havo been endorsed by the few {j. if
.voted on the question, but that by: ao
Weans covers the half of thc miners in the
area concerned. The government has tejjf
its aid to the operators in driving the men
into the International, and it should be
remembered that only a short time ago
the Same operators were bewailing the
fact that the organizers from the U. S. A.
representing the U. M. W. of A. were
foreign agitators, but as soon as the International was willing to line up with
the employers, then a closed shop agreement could be entered tatt. The closed
[.shop being, of course, an open shop lor
all International men, and closed to all
others, and they secured this by subservience to the employing class interests,
No denials will remove tho responsibility
from Controller Armstrong and lhe
government if there is a coal Shortage
during the coming winter, qnd that is evi-:
dently the purpose of the denial %t this
Vancouver is to have a visitor in thc
person Of John D. Bockefeller Jr. This
estimable gentleman is supposed to have
become prominently before the public as
a result of the strike in the Colorado district some years ago, when the miners,
who were on strike and living in a tent
colony, were driven out by the most inhuman methods that have ever been heard
of. The state militia, which was composed
of detectives ond eompany thugs, poured
coal oil on the tents and set fire to them,
and then flred on the occupants; as a result many women, children and men lost
their lives, But John D. is a capitalist. Ho
will arrive in Vancouver in his. private
car. He will be feted and petted and the
petty bourgeoisie of this city will fawn
at the feet of this beneficiary of working
class robbery, and his blood-stained money
will allow him to enter into the haunts of
Vancouver's ""best citizens." Suoh is
fame. The Rockefellers were the big interests in Qolorndo, which the miners were
fighting, and John D. was the secretary
of the company.
New Kind of Strike in
Esthonia—Bosses Say
It's Bolshevistic
(By The Federated Press)
Libau, Latvia.—There is a aew
kind of strike on in Esthonia. In
Dorput, its capital, the men of the
factories and shops Hare been out
since May 22 for the winning of
the following demands: Laborers,
for the purposes of wage payments,
Bhall be classified ln six. categories.
The six are to be paid a mtnumum
wage fixed in terms of rye (grain
not whiskey) and a monthly sale of
products to workers at fixed prlcee.
Thus category No. 1 Is to get the
money value of 40 Ids. ot rye,
Which would be 186-20 Bethonlan
morlcs. Class No. a. *
value of 28 lbs. of rye. The em
ployors otter only a money wage,
7 marks an hour for olaaa 1, ddwn
to about 4 marks an hour for
olass 6, with two and a half marks
to apprentices. The employers offer to sell certain quantities of
commodities to the workers at fixed prices.
The demand for a money Wage
based on the value ot a necessity,
like rye, and to fluctuate with the
price of the necessity, is something
new in the' world, and the employers scent the danger in it.
No longer would it be possible to
point to the worker, with Ijls apparent increase of money wages,
as a profiteer.
Consequently employers are determined that If. would not do to
let the men win these «terms.
Contemplating the possibilities of
a wage fixed on buying power,
thfey conclude that the workers'
demand ta "Bolshevistic." So
they continue to offer only a money
wags and the strike Is still on.
Esthonia is one of • the new
Baltic .states which the older governments recognize, variously, as
de facto, de jure, or like 'Washington and Paris, Insist is still a part
of the Russia of Kerensky, whose
ambassadors they still harbor.
The American Woolen Company
ln pursuance of Its policy of
crushing labor organizations has
refrained from manufacturing the
heavy cloth which is. generally
made at this season, and thereby
throws out of employment 40,000
textile   workers    and   raises   atlll
.......July IJ, l»»i
poirtenr. foh
(Continued' from page 3)
following statement of Prank P. WaM
gives some idea as to. just what the A., P.
of L. is supporting when it supports the
Democratic platform: '■'*";
Walsh denounced ss un-American,
the theory embodied in the Labor :
plank of the Democratic platform'
that the public interest was superior
to the right of the workers to strike.!
He declared that whereas the Republican platform was evasive, the Democratic platform was the blackest and
most sinister document ever written
by either one of the big political parties, because it endorsed the action of
the administration in the use of the,
injunction-against the coal miners.
Now wateh the Allies squirm st the
terms Soviet Russia is asking Poland" to
accede to. And having watched the tortured antics of the dominant capitalistic
class, then take a look at the terms oMhe
Allies which the enemy countries hsve to
conform to, and then have a laugh. For
there is nothing the ruling claas dislikes
more thsn to know thst they sre powerless to deal with Soviet Russia, and we
shall hear much about ridiculous proposals, and reprisals if Russia does not back
down, and the joke is that Russia doesn.'t
have to unless she likes—and she woft't
less 7 days' board at SJ.S0, leaves
$16.50, from which Is deducted lo
a" day accident compensation and
|1.60 a month hoipltal. One man
last month worked In S camps.
He was charged $1.60 for hospl-
ttfl ln each camp, or $4.50 for that
particular month,. The medical
attention and accommodation Is
very satisfactory te everybody, except the men who pay thc piper
but do not call the tune.
It Is reported that the contractor Intends to oharge for bringing
the mall from post ofllce to camp.
Many of the men have families
to keep. How do they do lt on
the net amount they receive each
month after the innumerable deductions whioh are made from the
nominal  $4.60 a day?
No wonder the labor and public
exploiting contractors, and officials
of big corporations like the C.P.U.,
'lament loud and long about the
unwillingness ef the ex-service
men and other "white" workers
,u to accept the working and living
eTh™°™y, conditions of the industry.   What
'' t.      nt.    ^]f    r08pRCt[ng   man    W0Uld    __    SO
Let the contractora and corporations introduce the 8 hour day,
sanitary conditions, good board,
and pay a wage that will enable,
the men and their families to live]
at a decent standard of living, and
With petty graft schemes like medical fees ahd charging for mall de-
livery'cut out, there will be no difficulty in getting sufficient labor
to do the work available.
The truth may as well tje told.
The government dare not, even lf It
would, give better working conditions than do the private employers. ThlB itself Is conclusive evidence that the "profiteers" control
the government If not why Is
not a high standard of working
and living conditions enforced upon government work?
Walfrid Walquist, take notice
that his brother, Carl, was drown
ed at Areata, California, at 2 p.n.
July 9th.
The American Federation of Labor is
going to oppose the third party formed •-"-•" ._*"."_** "■■- •»""»»""
*   T— tt "a   a     - .*,* „«!„:-i„ Js .I... (—.1 higher the price of clothing. When
in the U. S. A. as the officials of that T>& the workers relurni says £e trusti
ganization fear that it will hurt the they will come at lower wages and
chances of Governon Cox's of bSttgl <or lmoer hours. Thoy are dell-
elected president on the Democrat £*& S52? & *£?_*__
ticket. We have not much use for theO raise prices. The second is to re-
third party, as it iB a mulligan, but the|duce wages. There is a third mo-
follnwinir .utatmipnt of F....1, P   w-^Htive, and that Is the hope of ar-
rMtlBg the _rtvt tor organisation
of the textile Industry.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies, of Prltchardto address to
the jury can now be secured at the
Federatlonist Offloe. The words
of Prltchard, when addressing tlie
Jury st Winnipeg will go down in
history as a part of the straggle In
. human society for llbeity.    Every
worker should bave a copy.   Get
1 yours before the rush starts. Price
IS cento.
Don't forget" OUR advertisers.
Anyone knowing the whereabouts
of Arthur A. Mclvor, .vho haa
been employed in (he lumber
camps in B, C, will confer a favor
Sn his brother by sending the Information to R. I. ivtclvor, 12
Charles street, Amherst, N. 8.
JAN RCBINI and Mile. Diane
nan. leymtu out
Side Splitting Comedy
"Why Marry"
who at one time was a coal operator,
and a labor union hater at that, has issued
a statement which is supposed to be a flat
denial of the statements made by the O.
B. U. miners and
others to the effect
that the government, through the
instrumentality of
has used coercive
the Fuel Controller,   ....
measures td drive the miners into the
United Mine Workers of America. It is
possible that Controller Armstrong does
not understand what coercion is, but if
order number 141, issued by himself and
which .compells the miners to sign the U.
M. W. of A. checkoff beforc they can
work in the mines, is not coercion, then
we don't understand elementary words in
the-English language.
Not only was the order issued, but at
the last session of the Dominion House,
the orders issued by tho czar of the coal
fields, was made legal by special enactments, and tho controller's word has now
become law. If this had have happened
in Germany, it would have been .termed
Prussianism, in Canada it can be designated as Strongarmism, and all the denials of Mr. Armstrong will not prove that
as the results of that infamous order the
miners have not been locked out, coal production been curtailed, and many of the
best miners in both Alberta and British
Columbia have left the' country; sooner
It has Jieen denied that the Allies were
aiding Poland in the war against Bolsheviki Russia. A committee of the French
Chamber gives the following figures as'to
the activities of the French:
French effectives in Poland on February 19, 1920, were 9 generals, 29
colonels and lieutenant-colonels,. 63
majors, 196 captains, 435 lieutenants
and subalterns; a total of 732 officers,
to which must be added 2,120 men of
other ranks.
The Sun warns its readers against
thinking that life is commonplace, and
adds "Before you think so, make sure
that life isn't reflecting your own mind*',
If the piffle that appears from time^.tol
tune in that journal represents the minds
of those who write it, they must beinsi
very bad state. Our sympathy goes out
to them. They need it.
The Vietoria Daily Colonist, on tlwlltti
inst., published a picture of 250 Victoria
school children who are given milk j^js
charity. If the children are in want of
fresh milk it is evident that their parents
are too poor to give them it, henee ON
charity. Vet we are told that wages e\fo
too high.
The Hon. E. E. Spinney, who has become a member of the Meighen cabinet;
has stated that a Dominion election at
this time would be disastrous. Exactly.
It would be disastrous to the government
and consequently to him, for he would
lose his job.
We are daily told that civilization is
being destroyed. Taking a look around
the world, and viewing the chaos that exists at present, will someone tell us just
what there, is in present-day civilization
that is worth saving.
No doubt Gideon, of Winnipeg fame,
wishes he had known as much s year ago
as'he does now.
T\ni J ft Q    at Special Priees far Friday and Satur-
S***^\J\*l**J Look o^, Th^, Bargains
.SO Pebeco Tooth Paste   .SO .00 California Syrup
.SO Chase' Nenre Food .. .SS of Figs  .4*
1.0* Liquid Arvon  .IB ,40 Sanlflush  For    JS
.25 Hamilton Pills   .M ,S0 Oln Pills   M
.60 Fruitatives    JS .95 Glycerine  For  IT
.60   Pape's Dlapepsln .... At .40 Caatorla  For   .H
.16 Magic Corn Salve     ...OH .60 Mennen's                      •
.SS Calox. Tooth  Powder JS Korla-Konla    ,M
,75 Bisurated   Magnesia- .M .60 Velnor Shampoo _ .SS
.60 A.B.S. & C. Pills M .60 Reid's After-Shave.... JS
.25 Mennen's Talcum _.. .1* .26 Carter's Uttle
.60 Emulsified     - Liver  Pills   IS
Cocoanut Oil  J5 .00 Palm Olive Cold
.76 Abbey's   Salts    54 Cream        '.«
.60 Orchard  White  JS .35 Khovah  Health
.15 Jad   Salts  .54 Salt*      IS
.60 Reld's Blaud Pills JS .26 Albert's Shaving
.25 Holbrook's Fuller's Sticks      IT
Earth     .14 .60 Lithla Tablets  M
.60 Sempre  Glovine ...... .47 l.to Nature's Remedy
.26 Creme  Elcaya ....—_ .14 Tablets       .SS
1.00 Nuxated Jlron '.'. TS .25 Beecham'a  Pills  .1*
.50 William's Pink PUIS.. .SS Palm Olive Soap  .Of
.60 Reld's Eczema 1.00 Reid'B Syrup of
Ointment    M Hypophosphites    OS
1.75 Sanagen For  1.J4 Bathing Caps, One-Third OB
Vancouver Drug Co., Limited
Original  Cat Bate  Druggists
.   T-STOBES-7
105  Hastings Street W. New Store:
Sey. 1W5 and 1SSS - Comer Broadway and Mala
J70O Commercial Drln Falnnont 4088
High. SIS JM Hastlngi SOW* ■.
T Hastings Stnet West a_m   „„-
Seymour 3531 *** "**
Oer. Broadway and Oranrille TU Granville Stnet
Bayvlew 2314 Sey. 7011
We have a
good stock
of summer weight
underwear at the
best prices
Balbriggan Underwear,
Double Thread, garment..fl.00
Delpark Underwear,
Combination       IJ.00
Balbriggan, Combination ..»«.00
Elastlo Knit Combs. SS.00
Merino, I-plect, suit $2.50
Men's Working Gloves „   .SS
Men's Horsehide Gloves....$l JS
Men's Gauntlets, pair »1.00
Cashmere Sox pair BO
Neglige Shirts, each »1.25
Khaki Shirts fl.75
Grey Canton Shirts 11.50
Striped Bib Overalls 12.00
Men's Hats ......  .HM
18 and 20 Cordova St. W.
A New Large Shipment
Bedroom and
in small sizes
These are little beauties In exquisite new designs of tbl
squat and upright models.
finished in mahogany, fumed oak, golden oak and white
These dnislies give yon an opportunity for perfect color
harmony with your other room appointments.
24-liour and 8-day movements.
We thoroughly enjoy shotting these docks. They are so
worthy In ovc*y me}.
"Tlie House of Diamonds"
480-486 Granville Street, at Corner Pender
Excellent quality, perfect fitting, correct -articulation,
pleasing appearance, skilled
attention, features of dentistry at the offices of
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Deatal Nurse la Attendance,
open Bveuags, rao to Siso.
Granville Street
Center Rebson Street
Otter Owl Drag store
Pheae geya»« 1138
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct*
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Storei:
Society Brand
Rovers Building
845 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Opposite the Orpheum
HattMO ..._. M0
Evenings _„.... 8.30
I up noae Seymonr UN fM
-   appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Mte Nl Dominion BnlMlBf
For Side
And Other Offlce Fitting*
405 DUNSMtttB ST.
Vanoouver, B. 0.
Facilitating Service
i.1?! I"*** *** Uk« PWmrtatSs
la lelonhoM unlet  will  awneitte
liiipMw yot girt tkt «tmt ol tkt
lnu. If yen trt tn»«ri>i la a df
ptrtment, girt Hit almt tt tht dt-
ptrtment.   Tht parion will not hin
BmUm hcllltillni HtTlot, It it a
utrleir thtt h at tatt Ipprttltttd.
FhOB» Sty. til      Day or Night
Nunn, Thornton A Olegg
***-*—!_ sntGotoss
RI Hamer at, YUeoum, & •*.
iu*    -
Stadty itrtloM, U *JL- aad T.M em.
Ssaday school hamtdiattly followtaf
■malar unlet. Wtiotidty tMiluoeUl
•Mlltf.   I   p.n.   ttu   nadles   nw,
MIMI   Blrhe   Bld|.
___aBB,     PUBUSH1K).     ITB.
liimrnBi in aoonamu
Hie* ths «m««s tta
Patricia Cabaret
•at Wook mt tl BmpreM Tktain
wna, b. lovb aat tkt an
Vasle, I p.m. tt 1
H. M. Nugent & Co.
Tents ant Awnings. Carpenters' Aprons and Oreralls. Pants
and extra olothlns, LonB&liore-
men'a Hooks, ete. Estimates
tlven on all eanvas work,
Vancouver, B. O.
Phone Bay. 4541
—PACKED _Y—,     ■'
Limited \   ,
Bave Coupons for Premiums
Philadelphia—160,000 hare heen
pledged by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers here to a half million-
dollar campaign fund for a Labor
Institute, whloh Socialist and Labol
groups of this city are building. A
site for the Institute In the heart ol
tha city has already been purchased. ...,July 1«,  1»1«
twelfth tear, no. si    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    VANComrra, a a
Meet Mc rice to
.   V
There is no value
that compares with "Tom-the-Tailor" values. There cannot
be. I import my woolens direct from the best mills of the
Old Country and can give you qualities unapproachable by
others. My reputation for style,
make and material is unchallenged.-
For a few days longer I can give
you the bargain of your lives—a
genuine to-measur^ "Tom-the-Tailor" suit of regular $75 for
112 Hastings
I Opposite Woodward's
(By a Wayfarer)
What passes fer Idealism today
throws no light on the world'B
dark problems, oilers no guidance
for .their solution, but holds the
[' old traditions and'superstitions of
an outworn social atate between
the world and th* dawning light
ot a new era. It haa fallen Into
contempt In the minds ot thoughtful men who realize, not only itl
Inadequacy to serve the condition*
and knowledge of the present day,
but, still more, the glamour of falsity and deception that it throws
on the world's thought. "But that
there Ib' a false Idealism, does not
prove that all Idealisation must be
false, or merely vain imagining.
As man works towards a truer
basis of social life, through a
truer knowledge ot the conditions
and needs of society, a truer Idealisation will Inevitably grow up.
What ls Idealism but lessons drawn
from Ute ln the sphere of ideas,
as we draw lessons from Ufa from
every .other sphere of material or
mental effort? It ls the only process by which w* progress. To
read Shakespeare and the best
writers ot all .times; to study life;
t« observe, think, sum-up; what
does it all lead to but the choosing
, and forming ot the best ideals. If
we, who look for the new era,
form new human Ideals' ,it is not
, to draw a fanciful picture of a possible future, but to stimulate effort to the attainment of the new
era; to make man discontented
with the low conditions, and standards of the present; to make htm
want to shake oft the .chains that
bind him to them, and above all
to unite man ln the common pursuit of the comon good. The old
Idealism was Individualist. It did
not concern Itself with man's environment but aimed to separate
the Individual from It or Isolate
him In it. The new Idealism deals
with a man as a soeial being, wdose
needs, Interests and welfare lire
associated with and dependent on
those ef his fellow man; whose
progress depend* en iheir progress; and it see* ln man's envi
ronment th* conditio** of that
progress. Except by Improving
those conditions,, there oan be no
other improvement—In a society
based on olass distinctions, the
prevailing Idealism, that tb which
the ordinary channel* of-public
opinion, Information and education are open, la the idealism that
expresses and safeguards the supposed Interests ot the dominant
class, and their established Institutions. In modern times, the Intense commercialism, the sordid
iftind of Industrialism, the sinister
play behind ths scenes of the flnanclal powers, have destroyed or falsified true Idealisation, made ot it
a thing unreal and Impossible of
attainment, divorced from nature—
a thing that haa no appeal to. men
engaged In the practioal matters
of life, and whose only effect Is
to mislead and falsify. But the
redeeming forces of humanity must
re-awaken to Idealism. Must establish th* true ln the faet of the
false. It Is the Inevitable, process
of mental expansion, of the growing soul ot mankind, th* soul that
ls to break th* bondage of our present slavery, material, mental and
What doe* It avail to teach men
to be good and leave them In conditions that destroy goodness; In a
world where goodness becomes
more divorced with each generation, from the actual things of
life? Or to teach that man must
become better before sooial conditions can be Improved? If that
man must learn to swim before he
enters the swimming element?
That Is not the'way of nature.
Man's ohanglng environment (and
so through the whole realm of nature) has always conditioned and
lead to the changes in institutions,
functions, aspirations, standards.
Man collectively ean only progress
through the progress of his condition*. He oan only rise with
his 'environment False idealisation only hides the truth. It ts
the veil used by,the forces that retard- progress to keep tha light
from the people.   It always    ap-
THIS      H|    LABEL
peals to Individualism and sectionalism, those primeval force*—;
"nature red in tooth aal claw"—
that ba* accompanied man through
the dark age* of hi* bondage, and
which, while aiding In hli material
development, ha* hindered hi* mo-
and social elevation. Man col
only rise effectually with hi* tal
low men in the mass. The new
Idealism calls on him to do so; to
aim at this and work for lb Hu-
man society la an organism, th*
bloated growth of on* part ot
which th* belly, distorted with th*
good thing* of life, I* only obtain'
ed at th* expense of the rest and
to tho deadening of th* faculties
of th* heart and limiting of thoa*
ef the-head. The new Idealism
will not be divorced from the realities ot life, a fatal miasma, dead'
ening and stupefying the soul pf
man. It will be deep-rooted ln the
soil of physical life and material
conditions, and its growth expand'
ing with the mind ot man, freed
from the drudgery and strife of
slave industrialism and predatory
finance, will reach to heights of
mental and moral attainment un
dreamt of. Unlike the rest of the
animal world, man's needs and
wants are Illimitable. With satisfaction and content ln his material
conditions and progress,, his intellectual and artistic faculties,
well as his moral being, will have
no bounds to their deveopment,
and truer vision in all spheres of
exploration ahd adventure will
cooie to htm. Our hope lies ln
science — scientific investigation,
methods of thought and* statement
The Held of exaot science ls about
the only one at the present day
that is not clouded over by the hypnotizing effects of false Idealism,
and lt is almost only among men
of scientific thought; Including
some of great soientlflc attainment,
that we flnd, outside ot the ranks
of the working classes, sympathy
and faith ln the new era.
Large Hall for Meetings
For terms apply 3. B. CAMPBELL, 804 Fender St W.
Phone Seymour 891
Lenin and English Revolution
«««««« ****** Si   ****** ****** ******    ■ ******
and the Valufe of Parliamentry Action
Read, Learn and
Inwardly Digest
Judge Metcalfe's Charge to th* Jury In the Russell Trial, aa
compared wltb CAVE In Bex. va. BURKS, ENGLAND, 18M.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
By W. H. TRUEMAN, K. 0.
Examination and statement of Law, and Review ot Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, In Trial of R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919.
Prices for th* above pamphlets are a* under:—
Bundle orders, $5.00 per 100 copies, 85c psr dosen copies;
single copies 10c eaoh.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic address *v«
delivered in the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle order*, $18 per 100 copies, $5.00 per il copies; singla
copies, 25c each.   All charges prepaid!
To ensure a copy of the above pamphlets, place your order*
early with James Law. Secretary et th* Defense Committee,,
Room i, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Single copies can be obtained la Vancouver at th* Federationist Offlc*.
Launches   Two   Departments Another Conference to Be Held
The One Big Union Conference
took place In Melbourne, Australia,
during the last week of May. Del
egates representing 65,090 unionist*
were present from various parts
of th* Island continent. As a re
suit it waa definitely decided to.
launch the mining and transportation branch. These departments
will tike over the coal, shale, and
metalliferous miners who hav* a-
greed to the scheme,, while th*
transportation branch will be headed by the railway worker*. It
was pointed out at the conference
that an attempt was being made
to link up the whole ot the rallwaymen throughout Australia Into
one organisation known aa th*
Australian Railway Union, It I*
hoped that thia organisation, now
; on tho verge of formation, would
I become part of the One Big Union,
j Tha Melbourne Whart Labourers have carried a ballot In favor
| of the One Big Union, but they ara
only a eectlon of the Waterside
j Workers' Federation, which has
' ordered a- ballot of th* whole of
I the Federation on the ground* that
th* laat ballot was Inconclusive,
because various branches framed
the question In different way*.
The new ballot of all th* branches
will be uniform In all branches.
The Conference discussed th*
position whloh haa. arisen In regard to a number of unions, aom*
branches of which have voted ln
its favor, whle others have rejected It. The Melbourne Trade* and
Labor Council has launched a
campaign ln favor ot closer organisation and amalgamation* or*
proceeding for the amalgamation
! of several large unions. Th* Aus-
; trallan Clerical Association, the
Storemen, and Packers, Shop Assistants, and Miscellaneous work-
' ers are now conferring with a view
to amalgamation. Whether these
organisations when linked up will
agree to join the One Big Union
remains to be seen.
An Interesting feature ls that
there ls in existence a rival One
Big Union known as the Workers'
International Industrial Union,
whose scheme Is based on the lines
of Trautmann's One Oreat Union
in America. Thla body is also is*
suing tickets on the Jobs. The
vital difference between the official O. B. U. and the W. I. I. U. Is
that the former believes In enlist'
ing of individual membera of
unions without- regard to tb* policy of tlieir unions.
A further conference la to be
called ln three months time, and
in the meantime an Intensive.propaganda campaign is to be launch
ed with a view of Inducing other
unions to Join the One Big Union,
In that dark hour when ijrmpsthy and
best terries count io mne|—can up
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co.
Pheae Fnirmont 51
Proton AmMaaot Servioe
Manchester Guradlan, recently interviewed Lenin on the
situation In Russia. The report of
the Interview was published ln The'
Guardian, and is aa followa:
Lenin has his own ways with Interviewers; Trotsky, Radek, Rykov,
like most people, use Interviews
as phonographs, as meana of getting their views abroad. Lenin, In
the most disconcerting manner,
turns the tables on his Interlocutor, who finds, much to his own
surprise afterwards, when it is too
late, that Lenin has done at least
as .much questioning as he, and
that lt is a question for mathematicians to decide, who waa interviewing whom.
Examiner Examined,
Thus, trom my notes ot an Interview with Lenin, Just before leaving Moscow, I flnd that I was myself cross-examined on certain
questions ot English politics on
which I am quite Incompetent to
speak (ho should have kept his
questions tor ths English Labor
Delegation), whereas the subjects
I had com* to discus* were exclusively concerned with Russia, I
must apologise tor recording some
ot my answers, which I do merely
for the sake of recording Lenin's
questions and commentary, both
very characteristic of th* man,
who, as It will be seen, 1* very different trom th* narrow-minded
fanatic soma of hi* English admirers suppose him.
Mr. Lloyd Oeorge had then Just
made what seemed to be a move
towards the formation of a definitely Anti-Labour party. Lenin
asked when I thought the next
election would be. I told him that,
though I really had amall mean*
ot Judging, I Imagined It would be
noon aa the Prim* Minister
could face the eountry with a clear
Issue, for or against nationalisation.
"And what will be the result r*
I told him I thought thore would
be a perfectly certain majority
against nationalisation.
"Then you do not think ther*
will b* a Labour Oovernment In
th* near future?"
FoolMi Not te Tot*.
He then asked whether "all th*
Labour parties," mentioning by
nam* th* Labour party, th* I.L.P.,
th* B.S.P., and th* Socialist Labour
party, would unit* ln a blook for
election*, and, further, whether
ln th* apportioning of seats to contest th* Labour party would allot
any auch seata to Communist* in
exchange f*r their support. He
"I consider lt foolish ln England for Socialists to refrain from
voting. Th* revolution In England
will he very different In manner
from revolution elsewhere, and I
should be entirely ln faour of voting and, at leaat temporarily, ot
forming a block with then Labour
I said I thought lt quite likely
that th* Labour party would hav*
nothing to do with the extreme
Socialist parties.   He replied
"In that caae lt would be very
good for the Socialist parties that
the refusal ahould come from the
official Labour parties and not
from themselves."   -
On the general international
situation from the point of Russia
Lenin said: "Tou must remember*!
that the rest of Europe Is com.
posed of States of different kinds,
of different social colour. The moment when they oould hav* formed
a single united coalition for our.
destruction haa passed. I think
we ca* definitely say that that moment has passed."
I said that though ln a military
sense that might be ao, lt did not
affect the question whether Russia
could extricate herself from her
economlo oriel* without Western
help, and pointed out that If the
next flv* year* were to be year*1
of disturbance and growing revolution Russia would get very Uttl%
and that If the"rs war* a revolu-
,l<m ln England Russia would get
Wtthlng at all.
Not Coming Quickly.
>enin. "In that sense, no. The
ok of revolution ln England
Wotild be felt at one* throughout
the-world, and would temporarily
fcalve that effect, although It would
ensure the final .defeat ot capitalism. But it is clear that revolution
in' England Is not coming that
quickly." (This 1* a complete
change from Ldnln's estimate of
the situation a year ago.) "On
the other hand, it is dear that
.though we ahall not receive all we
want, something, at all events, we
shall receive from abroad. For example, 'nets for papermaktng are
already on tho way. We have all
the materials for paper-making,
but needed the nets, whloh we
could not make ourselves. German
Industrialists tell us that though
they cannot get the Oerman work-
era to work for them they are will-.
Ing enough to work for us, and
that lf the Oerman workera know
that something Is being made for
Russia they will work on lt as they
will work at the present time on
nothing else. Something we shall
get. Nor do we really need enormously much, for all essentials we
have here In Russia.   .   .   .
"Especially things will be easier
tor us now that we have petrol.
We shall ba getting It trom Orosny.
Wa shall be getting lt trom the
Emba dlatrlct. And thing* are going i admirably ln th* Caucasus.
Baku may or may not become our*
Matewan Trial May End
in General Shooting
(By th* Federated Preu.)
Charleston, W. Va.-vWeet Virginia ii apprehensive over the outcome of a trial scheduled for July
13.    This li the hearing  of the
Matowan   massacre   of   Kay   lt,
when the mayor of Matowan, three
miners and seven gunmen imported hy the mine   operators   were
■.killed. Tom Felts, ot the Baldwin-
Felti detective .agenoy. Is report
f'4'd ln town with 25 of bis gun.
Ytnen.    It is said they are In aa
1'angry    mood,   and   threaten    to
avenge the deaths of two of Felta'
brothers.   There are even predictions that the trial will end ln a
.general shooting affair, as In Weat
[(Virginia the  gunmen  of private
frporatlons seem to assume that
ay are above the law.
West Virginia Is claimed to
ve been selected as the bull run
which the great campaign to
break organized labor through use
ot the enormous slush fund collected recently. More than a mil-1
lion dollars has been raised hy a
combine consisting of the Bethlehem ateel, the Consolidation Coal
company and the K. & M. railroad. Events ln McDowell county
are apparently a part of the programme, as one observer put It,
"there la. hair-trigger blood" In
McDowell. .
Bethlehem steel officials have
repeatedly refused to meet union
officials where the men are already organized. This attitude la
obviously assumed to force the
miners' hands. Aa a result, between nine and ten thousand miners are already on strike. In all
probability a call will be Issued to
all organised labor in the United
States to centre attention and assistance upon West Virginia for
the big struggle.
-I-: -i   ,
Buy at a union store*
(It has since rejoined Russia), but
tn any cose we shall have Baku
OIL Baku buainess men aire already promising us oil In exchange
for timber. They cannot do without timber Drops. We, with the
leaat expenditure of transport?, ean
float these props down the rivers
to the Caspian. They cannot get
rid of their oil elsewhere. Further,
we shall be getting coal. We shall
at first be getting very little, but
gradually more and more as we
restore the minq^ ruined by civil
warv It will be a slow process, but
we shall pull through."
Industrial Conscription.
. We spoke of the extraordinary
measurei they ar* adopting ln this
effort to pull through. I told hfm
that In England people would flnd
tt hard to approve of industrial
conacription, for example, and the
militarisation of labour,
"Yes," he said, "that will be
harder for English workers to understand than for the workers ot
any Continental country, Tou
have a tradition ot non-militarism
that sets you quite apart trom the
Continental nations. At Socialist
Congresses on the Continent th*
English alone invariably take a
stand. against conscription, whereas the others have always been ln
favour of the arming of the whole
people. The bourgeois superstitions
and prejudices concerning freedom
that la no freedom and compulsion
that ls supposed not to be compulsion so long as It la invisible are
deeper rooted In England thaa
anywhere else. In Francs or Germany they wtll understand us at
once. In England they will flnd It
muoh more difficult"
Th* Peasants.
We then spoke of Uie peasantry.
I asked what was his estimate ot
the general attitude of the peasants to-day. He replied by quoting Hegel. He said: "Hegel wrote
'What 1* the people? The people Is
that part of the nation which does
not know what'It wants/ That la
a good description of the Russian
peasantry at the present time, and
it applies equally well to your Arthur Hendersons and Sidney Webbs
In Sntfuu and to all other people
who want incompatible things. The
peasants ara Individualists, but
they support us. W* have tn some
degree to thank Kolchak and Denikin for that. They are In favour
of the Soviet government, but han-
ker after Free Trade, not under
standing that th* two things ar*
self-contradictory.. Of course lf
they were a united political force
they could swamp ua. But they
are disunited both In their Interests
and geographically. The interests
of the poorer and middle class of
peasants are ln contradiction to
those of the rich peasant farmer
who employs laborers. The poor
er and middle class aee that we
support them against the rich peasant, and also see that he la ready
to support what Is obviously not
In thoir interests."
I said: "If State agriculture In
Russia comes to be on a larger
scale, will there not he a soft of
proletarianisation of the poasants,
so that ln the long run thetr interests will come to be more or loss
identical with .those of the workers
In other than agricultural industry?"
He ssld: "Something in that direction la being, done, but it will
have to be done very carefully,
and must take' a very long time.
When we are getting many thousands of tractors from abroad,
then Something of the sort' would
become possible."   -.
Finally I asked: "Did he think
tbey would pull through far
enough economically to satisfy the
needs of the peasantry before that
same peasantry had organizod a
real political opposition that should
overwhelm them?"
Lenin laughed. "If I could answer that question I could answer
everything, for on the answer to
that questt&n everything depends.
I think we can. Tes, I think we
can. But I do not know that we
CLUBB & STEWART, LIMITED, announce the opening of their New Braneh
623 Granville St
on Saturday, 8:30 a.m, where they will be
pleased to meet aa many of their ok) cos*
tomers aa possible and new ones as wdB.
They have spared no effort to make the new
store attractive and homelike.
A vast stock of Boys'and Youths'Furnishings of high-class* quality.
Business as usual at the old store.
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
309-315 Hastings West
Nation*] Lnbor Party Strengthened ty Farmer and Radical
Organization* _..
Chicago.—Amalgamation of tta*
principal groupa attempting to
form a new politieal partr hai
been effected. The commltte* ot
48 voted to Join the National
Labor party. A largo non-partisan league group and a delegation ot slngle-taxers marched into tho Labor convention and announced they had decided to
amalgamate. The slngle-taxers
later withdrew.
Tht eonvention waa thrown Into
an uproar when Robert M. Buck,
Chicago, ohalrman ot th* Labor
resolutions committee, mad* ■'a
motion that credentials at th*
"forty-elghters" be honored and
the hall prepared for a Joint convention.
William Remfer, a non-partisan
leaguer trom South Dakota, announced th* farmers after spending five daya looking over the convention in session her*, had da-
elded their Interests were "Identical with labor."
'We ha* decided to com* over
and atand with laber. light wttk
labor and organise with WMT,"
Remfer said, amidst cheers,
Harley P. Chrlsteasea, Bait Uk*
Jlty lawyer, waa nominated as
th* presidential candidate on th*
second ballot. Christens*! wa*
selected ovor Dudley Fi*M lb-
Ion* of New Tork by a v»t* of
111.I to 174.*.
"Th* Farmer-Labor parly" WM
th* name chosan by th* carnation lot thalr aew poUtlcal i
W* go not back, our pathway Us*
Prepared for oa by hosts of Mai.
Th* torch I* caught and flralr
By hands ef ■» whs will Ut
Baok to hli pott   th*   trumpet
fo aid attrition'* light twixt g**d
and Ul:
And magnify tk* light which lem
et self would dim.
Till, merging   with   tkat  greaUr
That makes lit*'* purpose clear,
Mankind   may   walk«ereot   nl
Th* path that leads to "Vlotety."
July 1, 1910.      —8. LIOQlim.
*     ■
Direct Importers of
Foreign Woolens
W. Carry »*•■
Um of Baaaockhnm
318 Hastings West
Vanconver, B. C.
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
May and Jun*, 111!
airing th* true facts and all tk* details. A book that should
be In every home. Over SOO pages of tho most interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to James Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room 4, HO Bannatyn* Avenue.
Procrastination does not pay, there is danger in delay, the beat
time la today.   DO IT NOW.
Prices:   Bundle orders, 140 per 100 copies, $11 per St cop!**,
$15 per 25 copies, single copies SOc each.   All charges prepaid,
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B. U. and all progressiva
Labor policies.
Bead along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. O. Box 1508, Oalgary, Alberta PAOE SIX
jtwelfth tear, no. a . THK BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     -taucouveb, a c.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing oheap labor.
U produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
FRIDAY : July  16,  1920
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oounoil
Bead th* Hews from the Pralrlt Metropolis
Subscription price $2,00 per year; $1.00 for six monthi
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts.* to
HARRY WILLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to a. HOUSTON, same address.
'« Twenty Teers we .... Uund thli Unloa Sttaip fer ih uadn mr
Fundi CUtctln »fcMttlm
TtrWcU Bott SMkn sad Lockout.
BUpotM Sottlad ly Arbttntlo .
Steely Bapbymut ud Skillod Workmuthlp
Prompt DoUnrloi te Union aad PoMlc
Pom. end Snecou to Workors aad Employor,
Freipority of Shoo Making CommunlHas
As loyol nnloi mon snd womon, wo ask
yoa te aomul ibooi boirln,   tko   above
Oalta Stamp oa Solo, Isiole or Unu,.
OtlUo lowly, Boaeral ftttUttt,   Maries 1. Buna, Ooaeral Soc-Tma.
A Change in Policy Now
****** ******    -v.,    ******       ..    ******,.,
Poland Faces Defeat—Lies
****** «*««*« «««««* »*****..r|
Created Friends for Russia
COtUKUL—Prooidoat, V. B. Illdil« I
ftoo-prosMoat, J. MlnhaUl toenUry, J.
B. Campbell; tnuuror, 3. Shew; Itf
gMat-tt<trai, I. Kins; mutati W. A.
Kildurd. J. 8. Mrnon, J. H., (Mork, A.
3. Wilsos. MooU lot end M Wtdnf
dais oaoh swath et Ponder Ball, Ponder
Stroot West	
all—Moota   aeooad   Monday    In   tho
aaoath.   ProoMoat, J. F. MeOoaaoll; eee-
wlery. B. H. Moelanda, P. O. Boa St.    _
ud Boiaforood Ironworkero, Looal 01
—Moota aeoond ul lo»rth» Mender..
Vmlloat Jas. Haatlnia; Inanelal soo-
tetatr aat treeasror, Bey Maaaaoar, Boom
Sll Labor Tomple.  —.
Lumber Industry (camp ud mill)
moot with follow workera in tbat Infantry. Organiie into tho Lnmbur WMkorl
Industrial Union ol tbo O. B. D.  Hoad-
Juarlere, tl Cordora Bt. W., Tencou.or.
'hone Bey. 7856.	
MeeU e.ery Snd end lth Wednesday!
la tho month. Proa., A J. Wilson. Sec-
treea., J. R. Campbell Pender Hall, Pendor Street West. Hoars, 9 s.m. Jo »
pjn.  Phono Soy. Ml.
..S,* J*}" .Cm"u?—U*tf trot ul
ft1!? J,,4"Sd*").- Knlihta ol Pythias
- Park Street, at t pjn. Preal-
Woodward; Tlee-pr.sident,
Hi *i""S"' ■••'otery-treaauror, OkristUn
Blrarta. P. 0. Boi loa, Vietoria, a tt
wmaa .*     v. tauss
Ball, Korth Pi
dent,   E.   8.
A. 0. Pike; s
COCNCIL^ 0. B. D.-M,.uT„,y W
lay In the Mclntyre Hall st S p.m. Meet-
in(e open lo all 0. B. u. members. Secretary-treasurer, J. H. Burrouih, Box SSS.
Prince Bupert. B. 0.
MeeU last Bunday of oaeb month et
S p.m. Preildent, A. B, Robb; Tice-
presldent, 0. H. Collier; seeretery-tnss-
aror, R. H. Neelands, Bos tl.
ployeei, Local 28—Meet, every aecond
Wednesday*In the month at 2:80 p.m.
aal erery fourth Wednesday In the month
at 1:90 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
' eeentary and baelneei agent, A. Oraham.
OBee ud meeting hall, tM Peeler Bt.
W. Phoae Bey. ltll. OBce hours, >
sa. te * p.m.
laatrlal Unit ol the One Big Ualon—
Aa laluatrlal union ot all workers in loggias and construction oamps. Coast Dir
trie! ul Oeneral Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
7856. E. Winch, general secretary
treasurer; legal advisers, Meun. Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C: audi-
tore, Meun. Butter & Chleno, Vancouver, B. 0.
Aiioclatlon, Loeal 88-52—Offlco and
hsll, 162 Cordova Bt. W. Meeti Irst
Ud third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; builneia agent,
Pater Sinclair.
Iho 0. B. U. meet in their, onion hall
at 814 Cordova St. W., overy Fint and
Third Wedneaday in the month. Preeldent T. Owem; vlee-preeident, D. Carllui
seeretary, Earl King.  Phono Soy. 8698.
Lumber Induitry, organise Into the L.
W. I. U. of the 0. B. U. Millworkers. branchei meet ae followa:
Tueonver—-Lumber Workeri'   heedquer-
. ten, 61-Cordova Bt. W. Every Monday
t pjn.
Raw weitmlmter—Labor Hall. cor. Royal
Av.. tnd 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesdaya at 8 p.m.
fraaer MUU—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville. ind wd 4th Thursday, I p.m.
Fort Moody—Orango Hall, 2nd Friday,
every month, at 6 p.m.
an' Ualt of tbe One Big Unioa, Metal-
Bferou. Miners—Veneouver, B. 0-, head,
turters, 11 Cordova Btreet West. All
worken engaged In thlt lnduitry tn
trgel to loin tho Union before going on
lho lob. Don't wait te be organised
orgulse younelf.
, North America (Vancouver ul vlcin-
K)—Branch moota aecond and fourth
ndaye, Room 204 Labor Tomple. Preal.
deal, wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vucouver; Inanclal secretary, K. Qod-
lard, 166 Richards Street; recording seoretary, J. D. Ruiiell, 928 Commercial
Drlvo.   Phono High. 2204B.	
Detectives "Shoot Up" Miners'
Tent Colony With Rinoj.
Williamson, W. Va.—Another
attempt to "shoot up" the miners'
tent colony at Nolan was made
on Thursday. This ls the third
time unknown persons raited this
colony with rifle fire.     .
The firing started from the-
mountains on the Kentucky side
of the Tug river, and lasted a half
hour. Fifteen men were hastily
sworn In as deputy sheriffs by
Judge James Dameron of the
Mingo county circuit court, and
dispatched to the scene of the
trouble under the leadership of
Sheriff Tony Webb.
The flre, it Is said, was returned
by the miners on the West Ver-
glnla side. None of the miners at
Nolan were hurt. It Is not known
whether any of the attacking
party suffered loss of men.
These repeated attempts to
"shoot up" the tent colony (containing 85 evicted families) are believed to be made by Baldwin-
Felts detectives, masquerading under tho guise of Pike county (Ky.)
deputies for the purpose of forcing the West Vcrglnla miners to
croBs the Tug river In pursuit of
the ambushers. In the event of
such action, it is clear that nn interstate invasion could be claimed!
with the result that federal troops
would be called. The presence of
federal troops in this section would
Invariably result In a declaration
of martial law. And martall luw
would mean the cessation of all
meetings, which would do Infinite
harm to the newly organized ml»
All of these miners are now on
ted, but
on—You need tho Camp Workers of
your industry. They need you. Organiie
together In the 0. B. U. Indntirial Unit
ef your occupation. Delegatea on every
Job, or write tbe Dlitrlet Headquarters,
SI Cordovt St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
too, 11.00; monthly dnee, tl.OO.
in   I.L.A.,   Loctl   Union   88A,
-Moota tho 2nd and lib Frldaya
Bariea »-_  -	
tt tha month, Ltbor   Tomplo,   -
Preildent, William Mtylor; Intneltl
rettry tnd  buslnesi  agent,   M.
torreipondlnr aeeretary, W. Loa.
Boom 207 Labor Tomplo.	
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meett A. 0. F. Htll, Mount Pleuint
1st sal Srd Mondavi si 10.15 t.m. tnd i
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Bigby; recording
Iecretary, F. E. OriBa, 447—6* Avenue
. But! tmtinr, F. Slltwty: Inanelil
Mercury ltd huilneaa tgent, W. H. Cot-
tnll, 4808 Dumfrlei Streot; offlce cornor
Prior ul Mtlu Sts. Phut Ftlr. 8604 R.
Dr. DeVan'8 French Pills
A reliable Regulatlnr I'll! for Women, 98
• box. Sold at all Drug Storei, or mailed
to any addreu on receipt of priee. Tba
acoboli Drag Co., SI. CatfctrlBM. OnUrla.
Reitores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; incrciiea "gray matter;" ft Toole
—will build you up. f 8 r box, or two for
|5, Kt draft stores, or by mail on receipt
of price. Tbt Scobell Drug Co., St. Oath-
ftrtnoi, Ontario.
IS Hastings St. E.
0. B. V. OABD
Patroalaa Then Who Patronise Teal
IBig Ben
tn' Cnlon—Moot! Snd ul 4th Ifl-
dtya, 906 Ltbor Temple. Preildent, W.
Wilton, 2289 Qranvllle Stnet; aeeretary,
B. T. Kelly, 1160 Haatinga Bt. B.; ro-
terling-Mentary, L. Holdsworth, 68B—
las. 84. W., North Vuceaver,
Ballard's Furniture Store
102i    MAI*    STBEET
Phona Saymour 8137
Wa will exchange your aecond hand
furniture ior new.  A aquara deal ar
yeur Honey baek.
ONLY a few months ago the
capitalistic press was hysterically screeching In flaming
headlines against the "Bed" menace. Column Upon column was
devoted to the subject; the most
fantastic stories were given space
and everything Imaginable was
printed that would tend to Influence and inflame the minds of
the people against outlaws, "red"
agitators, Bolsheviks, anarchists
and O. B. U.'s, eto.
Tlie Now Silent Press
It Is strange how silent the
"poison-gas1' press has become
with regard to these terrible persons. No' more do we* hear of
wholesale Imprisonments and deportations or vague plots to overthrow the government of Canada
by violence. Lecturers have
ceased their tours of the country
for the purpose of stampeding the
people into open opposition to the
new Ideas which were then prevailing. The lecturers met with
so much heckling that they grew
tired of mouthing to people who
did not fail to show their contempt
for the silly rubbish which was
spouted. The people got so much
of it that they became nauseated
and now the re-actlon has set in.
Bolshevism does not present the
terrors lt once did; in fact the people of this country are evincing a
desire to know more of the subject. That wild be-whlskered
band of rough-necks led by the
arch-fiends, Lenin and Trotsky,
seem to be doing things. They ap
pear to be doing just as they
please with, every country that
tries to "butt In" on their affairs,
and they have even had the temerity to flaunt the red flag of sevo.
lution In the faces of Great Britain, France and the United
Public Used to Lies
If the Associated Press was as
diligent In circulating the truth
about Russia as It has been in man.
ufacturlng lies lt would do more
harm to the Russian cause than
any of its antl-Bolshevlk propaganda, for the simple reason that
the people have become so used to
reading lies and knowing that they
are lies that they would view with
suspicion anything that might be
said in favor of the Soviets, As
long as the Associated Press villified and condemned the Russian
people and their new form of government It made more Bolsheviks*,
than anti-Bolsheviks.
People no longer look with horror on stories of Bolshevik cannibalism and terrorism; in fact they
look for their daily dose of amusing chloroform and are unhappy
unless they see their newspaper
pages dripping with imaginary
gore. A lot of that stuff has
ceased, but nevertheless, the dally
paper stands condemned and discredited in the eyes of the majority of the Canadian people for very
little of the news in the average
dally paper'is believed.
The Truth Out
The truth about Russia lias come
out, but not through the Associated Press reports,' and .today all
friends of the Russian revolution
are congratulating each other on
the vindication of the Soviets.
The Associated Press realises by
this time-that its policy regarding
Russia, made more friends for
Russia than it did enemies.
The natural sympathy of .even
the moat Ignorant people goes to
the underdog, and while Russia
was surrounded with powerful
enemies the working-class of the
world was watching and sympathizing with the unfortunate country, but today the Russian people
are oh top and the rest of the
world Ib practically at their mercy.
They know how to use their colossal power and manifest a desire
for friendly relations with everyone who is desirous of friendship,
Russia on Sound Baste
It Is useless to deny the statement that Russia Is the only country that ls on a sound reconstruction basis. No other country has
accomplished so much in such a
short time. The next few years
are hers, for skilled mechanics and
technicians are flocking to Russia
from all over the world. If It were
not for the policy of news suppression adopted by the Associated
Press It would be general knowledge that nearly a,quarter million
of Oerman mechanics, many thousands of English speaking workmen and thousands of skilled and
unskilled men, representing all
nationalities have gone to Russia
within the last six months. It
would be general knowledge also
Qmt lt was at tho invitation of
Great Britain that thc Soviet trade
delegates went to England to discuss trade relations. It would be
also general knowledge that It was
the Allies who were backing up
jpoland with armB, men and money
to carry on the war against Soviet
Russia. Poland was the goat of
Imperial greed. Poor- Ignorant
Poland, But the war will prove
a blessing'in disguise to Poland for
It ls not difficult to see what the
end will be for that unfortunate
country. She will demand a Soviet
government for herfetf and then
it will be Germany's turn. There
Is no alternative for any-of the
Europoan countries which took
part In the war but to accept the
Soviet Idea. They are all bankrupt and must reconstruct on an
entirely new plan. The soviet
idea is gaining ground all over
the world, and lt Ib only a matter
of a short time when everybody
will be discussing'it quite freely,
and without fear of Imprisonment.
Bolsheviki Gold
If only the Associated Press
would continue its anti-soviet
propaganda lt would be unnecessary for that cunning schemer,*
Lenine, to -send any of his Bolsheviki gold over here to spread
his revolutionary doctrine,
sia will send all her gold to satisfy
the rapacious craving of the Canadian manufacturers, who seem to
think that the confiscated gold of
the Russian arlstrocracy Is just
as good a gold as that stolen from
Canadian soldiers and widows.
Perhaps that is one reason why
the Associated Press haa ceased
Its suicidal policy of lunatic distortion of news. When trade re*
lations are firmly established with
Russia It would scarcely do %o
screech about stolen gold and oon
flscated property when dealing
with such a worthy body >■ bt
church-goers as the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association. There
Is something on the Canadian
statute book which says something
about a receiver of stolen goods
being as bad as the thief.
It would hardly be consistent to
call the Canadian manufacturers a
gang of thieves or "fences." Consistency, thy name is mud!
Reversal of Policy
If anyone wants an hour's cynical amusement let -him read the
files of any dally paper, especially
those of a year ago, and then
compare the same with those of
today. There Is an absolute -reversal of policy, and lt Is a pity
because as long as the Associated
Press kept up its vituperation and
abuse of the Russian government,
ahd the Russian ideas, It was a
friend of the working olass of
Canada, but now that it has
changed its attitude towards Russia, labor's emancipation ln this
country will be delayed. ' Russia
Is all right now, because all the
big manufacturing Interests of
Canada and the United States are
scrambling after Russian trade,
and owing to the fact that the big
interests control the press, all we
shall read during the next few
months will be semi-apologies and
extenuating circumstances, etc.
Russia could not be crushed by
any combination of foreign capital
and arms, so i:ow the policy 1* to
suppress all news for the purpose
of staving off the day when the
workers of other countries will be
demanding what Russia has.
' No Humanitarian Motives '
No one ls foolish enough to. believe that It Is from humanitarian
motives that the big manufacturers are seeking Russian trade; especially after the years they have
been trying to destroy the Socialist government of Russia. It is
a case of necessity; a matter of
staving off the calamity which is
overtaking the vested Interests
throughout the world. It will be
a calamity for the owner of, I b g
industrial concerns, but lt meat s
the salvation of the poor wretch* s
grinding out their lives ln ignorance and poverty. *>m
Capitalist countries cannot f <}-
ist In competition with Socialist
Russia, oa one of the Bultifjh
labor delegates who recently.'returned from Russia, said ;at-i a
meeting in England: "Unlr is
otlip- countries adopt a Soctall it
form of production, Russia w 11
have every skilled workman in-the
world clamoring at her doors Ho
get in within the next five >*earS.
Even now they are going in thoi -
sands." iatb
The freedom of the Worlds
workers ls at hand, and one^ty
one the capitalist countries ttimt
submit to the demands of their
workers. Poland is the next country to adopt soviet principles, then
Germany, Italy and Frahce. Great
Britain and the Americas will follow in their turn. The next decade will see the finish of the capitalist system the world over, and
the power of the capitalist press
will gradually diminish as the
power of the capitalist declines.
There are thousands of newspaper men who will welcome a
chance to escape from the subservient jind galling chains which
now hold them In thrall. Wi-en
once the journalistic profession Is
lifted from the filthy mire of
mental prostitution in which it
now Is, then the people of the
earth will get news that Is not defiled at Its source. Writing will
once more become an art and not
the viU tool of predatory interests It now Is. Many of the best
paid wriurs for the Associated
Press understand to what a dcplh
of degradation they havu descend,
ed, and are anxious to escape.
Thoy know that iheir broait an.1
1-titter dupend. on their aWf ty lo
distort the truth, and their manhood cries out against such a ^Corrupt news-gathering agency. They
are waiting and working for the
The following verses appeared
in the London Nation In a recent
issue, tinder the heading of poetry,
evidently this Wank verse was
meant for those that are Impervious to the penetration of
ideas. The writer is named Miles,
and the Glasgow Forward atates
that Miles is latirt for soldier, and
that Miles ln this .case shoots
There Is unrest °
In India,
In Egypt, •   _
And in Ireland,
I cannot understand it.
It must he a plot.
0      0,0
Unrest ln foreign countries
Is different,.
—They may he misgoverned—-
But if there ie unrest
In the British Empire
It ls always
A plot
On the part of foreign countries.
It is what I.call
A conspiracy, .
*      0       •
It ls ridiculous
To talk about the rights
6f small nations.
India ls not a small nation.
It ls nothing of the sort.
We only keep India
Because, If we leave lt,
The Indians
Would light one another.
It Is different |
When Europeans light one another.
But the Indians
Are a backward and brutal people,
And would not use -
Guns, rifles, gas, bombs or flamethrowers.
It is better,
If you are an Indian,
To be bombed by a British aeroplane
Labor Government in Australia Has Appointed
From W. Francis Ahern)
{Special Representative In Australia)
One of the first acts of the newly-elected Labor Government in
New South Wales (Australia) was
to announce the appointment of
ah impartial commission to consi'
der the circumstances surrounding
the Imprisonment of the 42 I.. W.
W. men who are now serving long
sentences In gaol ln Australia, for
sedition, treason, arson and conspiracy. These men were sent to
gaol in December 1916, when
jingoism was running mad in Australia and It has been the general
opinion throughout Australia that
they were the victims of claeflptyranny because of their opposition
to war and conscription In that
country. Some time ago an •"attempt was made to secure their
release, and a commission went
into the matter but nothing came
of lt. Now that a Labor government Is going to review their cas.e
lt is hoped that the 12 men wll!
at least receive some measure of
justice. Thre Is reason to blieve
that the day of restitution for these
men is near at hand, and -It Is to
Hus- ibe hoped that the commission now
appointed by tho Labor Government of New South Wales will not
only clear the I. W. W. men of the
fearful crimes of which they have
been branded, on the evidence of
crooks, but that it will bring to the
bar of Justice those men responsible
for their incarceration S 1-2 yeara
Be sure to notify the post bfllce
u soon as you change your addrees.
Reginald Harkins Confined to Makura—Cannot
Land Anywhere
Unless the Canadian or the
Australian government changes Its
attitude towards a man at present marooned on the steamer
Makura lt seems that he will have
to cross and recrose the Pacific until he grows eld.
When the Canadian-Australian
steamer Makura arrived at Sydney, a man clad In . dungaree
trousers and a coat—no vest, collar, or tie—unshaven, with hair
turning grey, looked over the
deck rail and told an extraordinary story to the Australian representative of this journal. In
short his story waa that he Is allowed to roam anywhere on the
ocean, yet cannot land anywhere.
In other words he Is a second
"Paul Freeman" who, it will be
remembered, crossed and re-
crossed the Pacific on several occasions oh the Oceanic Steamship
Sonoma some time last year.
Alongside him, ■ yet vigilantly
watching his every movement was
an immigration officer, whose
duty it was to prevent his landing in Australia. He waa privileged to look on Australia from
the steamer, but no more. And
apparentlj, he is allowed to do
the same thing ln Canada.
His name is Reginald Harkine,
and his age is 42 years. And here
is his story:
Away back on January 30,
man by the same name reached
Vancouver on the Niagara. He
asked for a day off, and was re-
fused the request. He went
ashore, without leave, and while
ushore got into a row, broke hia
leg, and was taken to the Vancou
cr hospital. He was reported by
the chief engineer of the Makura
as a deserter.
The Canadian authorities arrested the Reginald Harkins, now
a prisoner pn the Makura. They
placed him on the Niagara for
Sydney. He didn't want to go, and
left the Niagara at Honolulu. At
the instigation ot the shipping
agents, the immigration authorities arrested him and forcibly
placed him on the Makura when
that vessel arrived there. Not
wanting to be idle, he worked as
a trimmer from Honolulu, signing
on at $70 per month. When he
arrived In Sydney he couldn't get
any money, and the Immigration
authorities refused to allow him
to leave the vessel. He stated
that he was born in Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.A., left home when 7
years old, and came to Australia
where he lived till he was 26, and
since then travelled In various parts
of the world on ships. He main
tains that he has a claim against
the shipping company for arrest'
ing him and holding him excom-
munlcado. He states that he will
not work any more till ho ls released off the Makura, and he
does not believe that the shipping
company will carry him indefinitely for nothing. What he does
fear, however, Is that aome means
will be employed to get rid of him
at sea.
He saya that the ohlef engineer
and the purser freely admit that
he Is not the man who left the
boat at Vancouver, when he waa
brought on board at Honolulu, but
In Bplte of that he wn1. taken to
sea. While the boat was In Sydney his kit was stolen, leaving him
In only the things he stands up In
He has a certificate of registration as an alien which was given
him by the. immigration authori-
tes, but he has been refused the
right to land In Australia. The
chief engineer of the Makura told
the representative of this journal
that this man Is not the man who
deserted away back In January,
but cannot explain how he Is going
to be got rid of. Apparently the
shipping company Is desirous of
getting-rid of him, but the governments of Canada and Australia do
not wish him to land.
While in Sydney hla caae camo
before the American consul, who
having no proof of his American
cltlenshlp, Bald he oould do nothing but aend him back to the Canadian authorities.
What will be done with htm
when he arriyes In Vancouver
again remains to be aeen.
Than to be hit /',,:•
By another black. J   « _ - *   v
We only stay in India        f    '
To protect the natives;
When we leave it
There will not be one rupee left.
No Englishman has any right
To talk about India,
Unless he has been there;
And no Indian
Has any right to talk about It,
If he lives there.
If he Ib a Maharajah
And playa cricket,
It ia different
A  sportsman  is a sportsman,
All the world over;
Except in Russia, of course;
And If an Indian Maharajah
Goes to an. English public school
He ought to be fairly safe—
that I
The doctors say
That a healthy man
Is unaware of his body,
And In the same way
You feel
With   a   healthy   minded    public
school man,
That he ls unaware
Of his mind.
Look at our generals!
They will ahow you
Where we should be
Without our public schools.
But none of the Indians
Know what they really want
They only know what lt la
That they don't want
It Is a plot.
•    •    •
It Is the same in Ireland;
Sinn Feiners
Are no better than Bolsheviks,
I'd shoot them all,
The bloodthirsty brutes!
A great big nation
Attacking a poor little country
Like Poland.
It ls true
That the plucky little Poles
Had to advance first,
Or the Bolsheviks
Might not have attacked them.
But we never gave them any ammunition
To flght the Bolsheviks,
We merely sent it
To help maintain
Just as we sent lt
To Ireland;
And now the Bolsheviks
Have even attacked
The plucky little Persians.
It is a shame,
And prevents us
From keeping
%e*\v- and -Order,
Everything a Man
Needs in Jewelry
—he can buy at Spencer's to advantage. If men showed
half the sagacity in buying that women do we would
quickly have to enlarge our Jewelry Section; but' those
who are awake to the fact that they can get more for the
money here will be glad to know that this condition applies to jewelry just as it does to every other part of the
store. And it is splendid stock he has to choose from.
Solid Gold Waldemar Chains,
17,50 to ISO.
Albert and Dickens chains, »12
Solid Oold Cult Links; every
conceivable style, $4.25 to $25.
Solid Oold Tie Pins,$2.50 to $10
Diamond Tie Pins, $20 to $200,
Gold "Bull Dog" Grips for ti*
pins, $1.75.
Tie Clips ln solid gold, $2,25 le
Soft Collar Pins, 10 to 14 kt
gold, $2 to $5.
Collar studs, $1.05 to $2.95.
Rings,   Signet,   Emblem   and
Stone Set; all prices,
—Jewlry Dept., Main Floor,
By Law-and-Order -
I mean the shooting
Of  people
Whom you don't happen to like;
But If they shoot hack
—Or even answer back—
It ts what I call a plot.
The burglar,
Who haa been caught red-handed
with the contents ot three houses,
"Directly I aaw the police
I knew
That there waa a plot
To deprive me
Of my possessions,"
Unless people
Are allowed to keep
What they have obtained,       ,
There will be an end
To Law-and-Order.
It la what I call
A conspiracy.
New Tork—Following the line
of action taken by metal workers
and transportation workers of
other countries, Lodge Z of the
Amalgamated' Metal Workers of
America has pledged Its members
'to refrain from assisting' in the
manufacture of all arms and munitions that may be uted to oppress the peoples of Russia, Ireland, India, and Egypt." The resolution embodying this pledge
urges all other unioni of metal
workers to do likewise.
Buying Vp Papen and Worklag
Hard to Control German
Frankfurt, Germany.—Big capitalism Is at work night and day to
restore its former absolute power
over the German nation and to
oercome what slight setback It haa
suffered through the revolution
and abdication of the Kaiser. Realising the tremendous power of tht
press, one of Its first objectives la
that of acquiring a atrlng of newt-
papers which shall act aa th*
spokesmen of the "Schwer-indnt-
trie," I.e., the big industries such
as steel, coal, textiles, eta
In order to undermine' the pntent government which despite lti
conservatism is too socialistic to
suit the captains of industry, th*
first papers to be brought up ar*
the very ones which have thut far.
supported the Coalition government. Such papera at The Mn-
enchen-Augsburger Abendseltuag,
The Deutsche Allgemeine Zettung
of Berlin, and The Nuernberger
Stadtaeitung have already patted
Into the trust that has been formed.
They have promptly about tteat
and become ultra-conservative.
What ahout renewing your takt
Ride a
We have a large and varied stock of excellent machines of flrst class quality
Motor Cycles
Agents for Massey-Burls Bicycles.
Made to Measure
Made to Fit
Made to Satisfy
Tip-Top Value in Men's Olothing at a prioe you cannot afford
to pass up.
You Must Discriminate
When Requiring
Something Good—
and it will pay you to
Think Tip-top, See Tip-
Top and Buy Tip-Top.
We have only One Price
$30»Made to Order
Not a store filled with "mixed-
up" prices asking you to pay
"just a little more" after you
have seen a few materials.
Vou go among our large assortment of Suitings, piok and
choose as you like, and the suit
that you want will only cost
you $30.00. Made just as you
want it made.
Authorized Agency
137 Hastings Street West
Opp. The Province.   I. H. BROWN, Mgr. FRIDAT...V. 7.._.....Jnly 1»,  19!»
twelfth teas. no. i»     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA PEDERAfaONIST    vanoouver, b.o
Quality •*. Service
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Bo* Ttay Alt, Indexed tet Too
Mr. Onion Mao, Cat Thii Out and Olvt It to Tour Wlf*
•aak *t Tweate, Hutlngi * Cembiej Vietoria, Mtrritt od Hew Vwt-
Beyal Baak of Canada, U Branchei ia Vaatoavtr, M in BI 0,
TlidaUt Limited  Ut Haatingt Street Weit
i, A. Flett             Hatting Stntt Wtrt
Cob Jonet (Bruniwitk Pool Booms) Haitingi Street Eut
Boots and Shoes
 111 Haitingi Stmt Eait
~<M OranvUlt Street
..401 Hastlnga W.
Ooodwin Shot Co., ...
bigledew Skoe Store...
Johnston's Big Shot House..
"K" Beet Shop-,	
Kent Parit 1.
Vn. Diek Ltd...
—31» Hutinp Street Weit
...«* Hatting. Btreet Weit
-Haitingi Street Eut
Vancouver Co-operative ..:  .41 Pender Street Weit
MaoLaoMan-Taylor Company -.., St Cordova Street West
Cornell Brot. ...61 Haatingt
Golden Gate Cute     Hastlngi Street Eut
O. B. U. Model Cafe  .7. ..1*1 Cordova Strut West
Orpheum Cafe ,, '..,. Opp. Orpheum Theatr*
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arte- S (Jiigley ', . Mf OranvUle Street
Clamant, Ltd .16S Hutlngi Street West
Ciabb A Stewart '. 80J-81S Haitingi Street Weit
B. 0. Outtttiag Co : _^—*t_ Hutingi Street Weit
B. C. Tailoring Co, : , ....... . 142 Hastlngi But
Va. Diek Ltd. ■„ „-■ IKS Hastingi Street Eut
,1191. Fitter * Co, Ltd..
3. W. Foiter * Oo, Ltd...
-H4 OranvUlt Street
J. N. Harvey Ltd....
C D. Bruce.—.?. ...
New Tork Outfitting Co...
David Spencer Ltd.	
W. B. Brmaitt-
...34S Hastingi Street Wert
-IM HuUigt Wert aad Vietoria, B. C.
  401 Haatingt Strut West
 ltt Hutingi Street Wert
■Hutingi Strut
Tiwnat A McBain..
Woodward* Ltd..
..Cordov* Stnet
-OranviUe Strut
 Hutingi and Abbott Street!
Victor Clotiet Skop .118 Hutingi Wert
S. K. Book - 117 Hutings Street Wert
^Vancouver Co-oparativt 41 Pender Street Weit
Jtickson's , 880 Oranvllle St
Silk * Co, Ltd-
...»M Maia St, Seymour 1441 and MS
fruit Valley Dttoiu-
...Jtk Avenue ud Yukon Street
Or. Brett Anderson .
.Dr. W. J. Carry-
[Br. Cordon CtmfbolL...
Dr. Lowe.	
Dr. Qrady—	
..«os Hutings West
-SOI Dominion Building
..................Cornet OranvUle and Bobsoa Streets
...Oorner Hutingi and Abbott Street!
' Britannia Beer-
[Cascade Beer.	
(Patricia Cabaret	
Hani—Soft Drinks..
ItVaa Bros.	
 Oorner Hutinga and Seymour Streeta
_ Wutmlniter Brewery Co,
 Vaneoaver Breweries Ltd.
.411 Hutingi Street Eut
.401 Sunimulr Street
_—Ciden aad wiau
If ancouver Drag Co...
.Any of tbeir ilx stores'
Ex-Service Men of AD
• Countries Join Forces
(Continued from page 1)
Dry Goods
ifftuwut Cloak * Suit Oo—   —M3 Hutingi Street Wert
' eTaaeourar Co-optratlv* >....• -.. .41 Pender Street Weit
gjtewa Broi. * Co, Ltd.  48 Hastingi Eut aad 721 OranvUlt Stnet
Funeral Undertakers
Kuan Thornton * Qlegg...  ,    -Ml Homer Street
Haitingi Furniture Co. ;         , ,,41 Hutingi Strut Wert
Ballard Furniture Store 1024 Mala Street
Home Furniture Company ....- 411 Mala Street
Bel-Tan Market ....... .Hastings Street Opposite Pantagoa
'■Slaters" (three itoret).... Hutingi, GranvUJt aad Main Streets
(Woodwards  ..—    .., Hutings and Abbott Street!
Bpencort Ltd.... —   ...._._... Hastings Street
(Vancouver Co-operative :►,,..'; .... 41 Pender Street West
(Baton Publio Market i  16-S7 Hastings Street West
0. T. Wallace ..        —lit Hastings Street West
. Hatters
Black and Whit* Hat Stor* .........Cor. Haitingi and Abbott Strut*
D, B. Allan -.,....'..., 41* OranvUlt Street
North West Mill Order House lit Pender Street Weit
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs     ,
fl. H. Malkin...— ......J...;.:...-  (Malkin't But)
ij Musical Instruments
llason & Risch 738 Oranvllle Street
|wither Bros.. .?.............: 314 Hutingi Streot West
Novelties and Mail Order House
North West Kail Order House  (li Pender Strut West
Overalls and Shirts
fBig Horn" Brand... (Turner Beeton h O*^ Victoria, B, 0.)
gunter-Hondorson Paint Co.... ... 60 OranvUle Strut
moat of th* civilian peoples
thought of "each other tt enemlei,
the fighting men, even while fighting, knew ao enduring hate. They
were all alike ln the grip of the
war machine, asd each on* knew
the "fellow opposite" wu at help-
leu a* himtelf. At' horn* th*
British peoples cursed the Oerman*, aad the German peopl*
cursed the people of thli land.
But In the fighting line British and
German troops alike oaly curnd
tb* war.
Tto Make War Impossible
Now the war ia over and the ex-
aoldlerd of th* world ve determined that, If It he within the
power of mortal, men to do, they
will mak* It Impossible for war
to eome again. They dread the
thought' of their children having
to para through the hell that they
temselvea have been dragged
through during the last five yean*
During the war tbey cursed the
war. But now they realize that
that ls not enough. They understand that lt Ib too late to dam th*
swirling, aeethlng-torrent when it
Is rushing headlong to the falla
They recognU* that if they would
stop war, they mutt stop It at lta
The' ex-service men'i International waa not Intended to consist
only of labor and socialist organizations. Tet every national body
of ex-service men which sent delegate! to Geneva, sent them with
the same thoughts to express.
Capitalism, they all agreed, is the
ultimate cause ot all modern war.
The root! ot war, they aaid, ar* to
be found In the capltaliat system,
snd the only way to end war Is
to tear it up by ita rooti, to abolish capitalism the wide world over
The flrst aot of the congreu
wu therefore to pledge tha ex-
service men who were represented
there — British, German, French,
Russian, Austrian, Italian, Belgian,
Rumanian,-SwitB—to pledge them
all to work together to abolish the
capitalist and competitive system,
and to strive "to establish a worldwide co-operative form of society.
Difference of Opinion
But then arose some difference
of Opinion. The Italians and tome
of the French delegates expressed
the view that .the matter should
be left there. "Let us concentrate
upon thie one thing," they aald;
"let us consider only how we ex-
service men may help to destroy
the capitalist system."
The British and one of the German delegates were of a different
mind. Although they held that
the only way to abolish war was
to abolish capitalism, and although they were already pledged
t* do their utmost to accomplish
this, yet they urged that lt wus
Impossible, oven while capH.'Ism
continued, to render the n-.aking
of wan more difficult, to diminish
the chances tf war. They declared that* they must do something Immediately; that they
eould not' afford to wait .until
capitalism wu abolished in every
country In the world, without taking aome precautionary measure!
in the meantime.
Eventually the eonferenoa accepted this view, though tha Ital-
lani insisted that, for tbem at any
rate, lt would mean waste of time
and. effort '"The •Revolution,"
they aald, "It so near at hand ln
Italy that we can consider nothing
The British delegates submitted
that the ex^iervlce men should
help te abnllih eecret diplomacy
rand especially the power of the
foreign offices to commit the peoples to potential wer behind their
back! and without their knowledge); work for the abolition of
armaments everywhere; to spread
anti-war propaganda among the
civilian people, and especially
among the children; and endeavor
to bring about the general use of
an international language, Esperanto'.
The conference passed unan.
imously a resolution of the Brit
ish delegates condemning the
League of Nations as "a league of
capitalist ' governments designed
only to preserve the spoils of the
conquerors." It decided that, after
the first of October next, all correspondence and conferences of
the ex-service men's internaUona-
al should be conducted in Esperanto. It set up a central bureau,
a clearing house for views and information oubmitted by the various national organizations; and
tht International wu formally
First O.B.U. Convention in the United States
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers ln renewing
their subscriptions ara sending In
ths old price. The new rates are
m follows: In Canada, W.50 per
year; tl.RO per holt year. United
States, I S.00 per year. If subscribers will seo that they send In the
proper amount it wUl aid na and
also avoid oonfnston.
40,000 Workers Represented at Gathering Held in Chicago, June
IF IT wtr* possible to tpeak of
a movement on tht part of th*
worktn having Ua Inception la
any one act. It would be proper to
Mto inilgniflcaoc*. Bttween then
two classes a continual itruggle
taku plaoe. At with baytn and
Kllim of aay commodity there ex-
statt that O.B.U. movement In th* Llstt a struggle on th* on* bud of
United  Statu  had its, beginning Itbt buytr to buy u  cheaply   u
■art September aa th* outgrowth
ot the railway shopmen'! conven*
tion held ln tb* city of Chicago.
At that convontion tht men who 1 tale
had bun on itrlk* for tome time
wtr* cajoled lato accepting tha
promises of Pruldent Wilson to
reduce th* coit of living within M
days. This hesitancy and blind
faith In the promise* of one Individual to achieve that which lt
Impossible waa not shared hy/ a
strong minority of tht delegatea,
ao about eighty .of thtm, mostly
repreeentlng the shopmen of Chicago and vicinity got together and
organised tht One Big Union. Th*
work wu conducted quietly aad
with at mueh secrecy as potsiblt
untU th* memben felt It wu Ume
to proclaim . their principle! and
luue a nation-wide call tor a convention.       _ ,
The OaU Issued ,
Th* calt wu Issued for a convention to be held la th* city of
Chicago, Jnn* ill. to definitely organiie the O.B.U. The respome
wu magnificent It wu learned
that the movement had been established In the western statei;
delegatea were sent from California and Montana to assure th*
support of the worken of that territory; th* Middle Wut unt a
number ot delegatel and the eastern states alio had excellent rep-
retentaUon. In all, then "were 41
delegate!, • repreeentlng approximately 40,00(1 workeri.,
Th* convention wu calltd to order at the Brlggt house, Chicago,
on th* morning of June 19, and
uaa wu well under way and
without any quibbling or mutual
admiration sessions that usually
characterise the opening of labor
conventions at held by the old
line organisations, this convention
in a few houn succeeded ln accomplishing more actual results
than la usually embodied in a
number ot days. Within two
houn after the eonvention had
been ealled to order the credentials committee bod made its re-,
port aad the delegatea were seated, the committee on procedure
had presented a program and it
wu adopted. Theji followed- an
order of business, under the heading of brief reports of delegatea
from various parts of the country
the work that was atter accomplished, Inasmuch u they revealed
the almost unanimity' of opinion
prevailing throughout' the'country;*
for breaking definitely with the:
old obsolete form of enft organ-':
Ization aad embracing a form of -.
organization compatible with the! veil of lofty idealism this lnstitu-
demands of a changing industrial
condition. Simplicity and efflci-i
ency wen lhe   watchwords,   and
but slight differences of opinion
the convention proceeded and established  an  exeeuUve  offlce  for
Pan tht Federationist ajong and
help get new subscribers.
Buy at a union storo.
Range 1, Cout
TAKK NOTICE that Kict Own
Clark of Port Progreu,
rancher. Intend! to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands, commencing at a post planted about 40
chains S.W. of the S.E. corner of lot
422, thence about 30 chains north
to lot 422, thence west 80 chains
thence about 10 chains N, to shoreline, thence southerly and easterly
along shoreline to point of comen-
cement, and containing 200 acfel
more or loss.
Dated June 4th, 1920.
Printers and Engravers
Cowan & Brookhouse..] .. 1-Labor Tempi*
Oelland-Dibblo •• - — ■ .Towor Building
Tf. G. B...;....'. and the C. N. R.
i Tailors
Bom the Tailor.... ...624 Granville St,; 318 Hastings W.
HLbrams '(he Tailor _ ~ *U Hastings West
» A. Flett Hastings Street Welt
llartin, Finlayson A-Mather
..Hastings Street Vest
Vmpreita -
Theatres and Movies
....;  Orpheum .  Pant'ges
Range 1, Coast
TAKE notice that Agnu Lizzie
Clark of Port Progress, storekeeper, Intends ts apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands, commencing at a
post -planted at N, W. point ot said
Bonwick Island, about 20 chains
S. E. ot S. E. corner of lot 1007,
thence around shoreline to point of
commencement, and containing six
acres, more or less.
Dated June let, 1930
Chicago. ,A general executive
board of nine memben wu also
elected to function within th*
United States. These men Were
chosen from the following points;
Buffalo, N. T.; Sioux City, Iowa;
Altoona, Pa.; Moline, III.; Madison, Wis,; Milwaukee, Wis.; Great
Fall, Mont, and Chicago. Th*
membors of the general executive
board all act as general organizers and must at all times be.ln
touch and conversant with the In.
dustry which, they represent. This
organization work is carried
under the general direction of the
chairman, until the districts
come strong -enough to maintain
their own organizers.
Preamble Adopted
'The preamble of the One Big
Union u adopted at the emven
tlon It one of the clearest statements ot the alms and objects of
the labor movement that has ever
been put Into- print In bold
strokes It atates the condition of
the working class;- the Inevitable
struggle arising through the division of society into classes, the
development of Industry to a point
where the old line craft organisations, correctly branded as "separations of labor, are unable to
longer serve the interests of the
working olass, Its replacement by
a new form of organization, capable of meeting changing conditions with an efficient and. pliable
Anarchistic and Utopian sentiments which have vitiated other
attempts to organize the workera
Into industries wero conspicuously
absent and at no time wu there
ever a shadow of a doubt regarding the soundness of tactics advocated or the danger of coming
Into contact with the powen of
government The One Big Union
has definitely placed Itself upon
record as a definite movement of
the working class of this country,
capable of meeting the demands
of the worken on the job as they
arise from time to time. It is not
a cut and dried plan that some
doctrinaires endeavor to enforce upon the workers, but the
expression of thetr own lives in
Industry.. The advocacy of sane
tactics also entrenches the O.B.U.
against the assaults of the -government of the ruling class, without
that ume government violating
Its owa professed principles. Any
assault upon us will be but the
brazen attempt of the employing
class to crush a movement they
recognize as a menace to their
profits. The O.B.U. states Its alms
and the 'alma of the labor movement without any ambiguous language and without any fear of
meeting the criticism which, will
inevitably be heaped upon It' Its
representatives stand ready, willing and anxious to meet nny opponents In publlo debate and from
the manner ln which thoy conducted themselves at the Chicago
convent! a there ls not likely to
be very much ground left for
logical argument against Its principles after the discussion ls closed.
The Preamble
Tht following la the preamble,
as adopted at Chicago, by the convention.
Modern Industrial society Is divided into two classes, those who
possess and do not produce, and
those who produco and do not
possess. Alongside this main <11-
■rtatot all other classifications tad*
poniblt, to with tht buym aad
sellers ot labor power. Ia the
atruggle ovtr th* purchtu aad
of labor power tba buyan
ar* alwaya mister*—tht telltrt
-■alwayi worker*. From thl* tact
arisei th* inevitable clui itruggli.
: Ai Induttry develop* and own-
trthlp become! concentrated more
and mon Into fewer hands; u the
control of the economlo forcee of
society beome more and mort tbt
tole property of Imperialists finance, it becmes .apparent that
the workers. In order to ull their
•labor power wltfi aay degree of
success must extend/ their forms
of organization ln accordance with
changing industrial methods. Compelled to organise for self-defense,
.they are further compelled to
educate themselves ln preparation
for tht locial changa which economic . development will produc*
Whether we nek. It or not
The One Big union, therefon,
auki to organise the wag* work-
er'e not according to craft,' bnt
according to induitry;' according
to clan and jltu needi. We,
therefore, call upon all worken to
organise irrespective of nationality, sex, or craft Into workers'
organisation, to tlfat we may be
enabled to mon successfully carry
on th* every-day flght onr Wagu,
houn of. work, etc., and prepare
ourselves for the day when production for profit shall bt replaced by produetion for uu.
Tbe Preu
. As th* convention opened then
were a number of representatives
of th capitalist pwss on hand, who
.desired admittance to tht sessions,
but were refused. For some time
thon wu discussion among the
delegates as to the advisability of
admitting press representatives,
until finally the eommittu on
publicity presented the following
resolution, which wu adopted and
whieh places the journals of capitalism ln their proper llglft before the memben of the O.B.U.
-and the workeri tf the United
That the great daily newspapers of the nation are bought-and-
pald-for servants of the ruling
-elass ls a fact too well known to
on eonditlons (at home).    These (Intelligent worken to-need elabo-
reports laid the   foundation   for ration; overwhelming and Irrefut
able evidence Is furnished daily by
these publications themselves. Tha
movement ot the worken for better conditions, whieh will lnevlt-
and showed clearly' the Insistent! :ably culminate ln the emanclpa-
demands   and   absolute   necessity- tlon of society from the wage lys
is always misrepresented ln
-ttae most contemptibly meandacl-
ibus manner by tht> kept press. The
'tlon professu ln Itl miserable pretense of representing the publlo
interest is ripped asunder'before
with little further discussion and the  critical  analysis  of working
class logic, and it stands revealed
aa the shameless handmaiden of
(a predatory ruling clus. distorting
the United Statei ln the elty of ithe interest of tht claas lt serves
Into the general public interest.
We exclude from the courtesy
of the floor of 'this convention tht
pen valets of capitalism, not because we fear their vilification,
that Is Inevitably to be our lot
but In order to express our supreme contempt for then inmates
of the journalistic houses of prostitution.
Our .educational propaganda
through our press and from our
forums, combined with the Inexorable evolutionary proceeds of
machine production will be adequate to dispel any Illusions in th*
minds of the workers the institutions of capitalism attempt to disseminate. This process Itself impels the worker toward constructive thinking in tht intereiti of
his own class.
We are not Utopians, n, we refuse to believe the silly statements
of the romanticists of the labor
movement, to the effect that the
capitalistic press hu the power-to
control the minds ot tht workeri
in contradiction to the lessons
forced upon th* worken by tho
machine process itself, which we
daily come In contact wtth. Hence
we can Ignore with Impunity th*
brazen attempts of them miser-,
able slaves with muter class
psychologies to enter this convention and .thereby pollute the atmosphere of, our deliberations with
their vile presenee.
After two daya sessions—four
sessions In all—tho convention ad-
pourned, after the delegates under
good and welfare had expressed
their determination to return to
their respective districts and carry
on the struggle for the O.B.U.,- so
that before the next convention ls
called, which will be within six
months, the O.B.U. of the United
States will take lta place among
the mlllQant labor ort)anizatlons
ol the world.
Chairman's Address
The following Is* the address delivered by R. M. Kephart chairman at the opening convention:
., .Brothers, we have called this
convention for the express purpose of finding out Just how many
-of the railroad worken really
Want the One Big Union on the
railroads of America.
'-This should prove a historic
Convention in more wayt {han one,
as1 the issue ls clear cut. From
Mow on the struggle begins In
.earnest between the old unionism
and tho new. Those of us'who
desire the new unionism Instead
■of the crafts separation and domination of grand lodge officers have
ittl] chance to enlist In this cause
-for emancipation of ths railroad
,..;iAllow me to ssy in paaeing that
jwe have done everything that il
humanly possible to secure for the
workeri on the railroads that
which they rightfully deserve ln
the old International organizations,
but with no success; as we have
been hopelessly divided Into different crafts unions, each baving
a different set of law to regulate
Its separate craft. The result hu
beon that wa have never heen
able to secure unity of action at
tho same time among the federated crafts and are continually Involved In jurisdictional disputes,
which have a tendency to divide
further Instead of bringing
about unity of action.
RecaU Ifeelcu
We, the machinists, have tried
the recall, but with no success, as
our organization ia ao built that lt
la impossiblo to confine tha vote
of tbe recall to th* men directly
involved, and tht ruult hu bun,
outild* men tn othtr Industries
hold th* balance ot power, and
tht induttry which Institute! this
recall suffers by being forced to
accept Incompetent offlclsls.
Lut Auguit Whtn we wen
driven baek Into th* thepi by
oar grand lodgt offlcen, a number of oa reiolved thta, that wt
would go baek with th* express
determination ot forming a aew
organlutlon which would bt absolutely la tht control ot the nnk
and flle. In September wt calltd
a muting of the mea in thi thopi
who work la Chicago and talked
the thing onr and decided thta
and then to form thr Ont Big
Union, and affiliate with our
brothen In the Northwett, and
frtm tbat handfull of men Who
met ln that crowded old room, we
have kun successful Ih organising five railway unite on aa many
different railroad! whloh enter
Chicago, One of theu unit! now
hu 600 members, mutt regularly
and carrlu on tht work ot organization. Wa now hav* hi the city
of Chicago working In the different shops scattered throghouut th*
city over thn* thouund .members carrying cards in the O.B.U.
This hu not been an auy taak,
but only through, the combined
efforts of th* memben who ara
interested, we have been able to
■In* up tome of tht large round-
houtu 100 ptr cut Thtrt art
other elements In whieh wa hat
to encounter In tha work hen. and
the same thing will have to be met
aiaewhere tp ttcurt a foothold. I
refer to the old internationals, ths
railroad companies aad the I.W.W.
Tht international! have raiud
the cry that we are Reds, LW.W.,
seeing that their meal ticket nl
In danger and an eagerly watching to. see It there Is not some way
that we can be destroyed by the
department of justice, blaming the
O.B.U. for all the atrlke agitation
and dissatisfaction that - now. exists on the railroads.
On the other hand we are blamed by thl LW.W,- because we are
not Reds, but In their estimation,
only pale pink. Our speakers have
been heckled and told that there
was only One Big Union, so you
see they imagine that they alone
have the patent right tt industrial
unionism and if .you do not pray
in their church you don't pny at
all. It wu oaly a few days ago
ont of our memben wu told by
one of their'prominent organlzen
for the LW.W. not to be too sun
that we wen going to hold' thhi
convention, Intimating that something would happen to disrupt it
Another said he would rather u*
tho worken remain, in the A. F.
of L. craft union than to -Join the
O.B.U., which is another cast of
the dog in tht manger. But despite this fact we are still praying
In-our own church and regardleu
ot what opposition wt may encounter we Intend to build aa
organization In which the workers will be moulded together on th*
railroads of America. ,
Preu Unfair
The press hu been absolutely
unfair In nportlng th* convention call, saying that tbe call waa
sent out from Butte, Mont, by the
LW.W. and that the department
of JusUee wu investigating our
actions in calling a strike at this
convention. We welcome any Investigation from the department ot
justice or any other body who la
Interested ln this new unionism
and will usure them that this organization compiles strictly with
the law. But we reserve the right
to criticise any unjust law. and
advocate- its repeal. This organization doea not believe In sabotage, terrorism or violence, nor do
we advocate them in any form.
We contend that the department
of justice should be all that the
name implies and see that alt citizens get justice -under the laws,
and should not be used for political purposes nor assist any organization to crush anpther as long
as said organization obeys the
In my opinion lt would be suicide for the O.B.U.-to advocate a
strike on the railroads at this time,
that would give the old internationals the very -chance they are
playing for, by going to the workers and pointing oat that the
O.B.U. was an irresponsible organization and all that they
thought about wu to bring about
chaos. If any strlk* Is called let
the A. F. of L. eaU It (now don't
laugh, you all know that the A. F.
of L. will). We have established
job control tn a number of shops
In this city and any strike at this
time would only mean a loss of
the shops we now control, and
would bo a step backward Instead
of forward, My idea is to stay on
tho job and organize, no matter
how unbearable your conditions
may be, by doing this you keep
Ihe internationals trom filling the
job with men from their ranks.
This may seem hard to do In .view
o.f the fact that our brothers In
the switching trndes are at present out on strike, but lt must be
remembered that when they came
out they came as separuto crafts
unionB and not as industrial organization. This question of
amalgamating belongs to the future, not the present and to participate ln the walkout would only
complicate matters.
The time will come In the near
future when they will all be back
on the job and steps should be
brought about then to unite all of
us together Into one solid body for
the  common  good.
This convention was called to
perfect our organization and that
is the business < that should come
before it. .The suggestions that I
have to offer Is: form your permanent organization, and elect
your ollicers; propose your laws
and have them adopted; establish
your own press and outline your
plan of organization, and prepare
to carry on th* work for Industrial freodom.
The second* conference of tho
Communist International (popularly known u the Third International) will convene In Moscow
July IS.
Montana ranchers living ln the
vicinity of Dillon, where a mob attacked the farmer-labor candidate
for governor, and a Non-partisan
-Leaguo speaker, have declared a
boycott on the merchants and
bankers of the town who wore im-
And a Big Reduction
Or »B down—tvtn 81 down—depending on what
you buy. In tht meantime you'll bt smartly
draaud and you can pay thadtalaoaa later.
la smart  ntw fabrtoa   andSummtr creations la prttty
styles— stylu and colon—
Valau at ISI.M. aal* IMMValuu at til-*, aala SIMS
Valuu at I79.50, aal* WMdValuu at tti.tO, tal* MM*
Valuu at IM.W to Ull.     Valuu at 141.11, Ml* «WJ*
aal* , : MMdValuu at lll-M, aal* MftM
Oa Tenu
Valuaat IW.44.
talo--. .M»|
Low Mil down and II
a wttk.
Gear ance Sale
Women's White Boots-
Regular $7.50. Half price
$6.00 Value for .
Hundreds of others. Big values for men, we*
men and children.
Sale Continues All Next Week   .
men—Every Monday,
Laundry Workera—Every tecond
aad foarth Tueaday.
Tradea and labor Condi—Every
flnt and tklrd- Wednesday,
General   Worken'   Wll   «i»|
Gas Worken Halt—Evtry
and fourth Wadeaaday.
Marine Firemen — Bret
md third Wedneaday*.
An Haiti neet la
Feider Stnet Weal.
What about nntwtng year MM
We stand in the roadway outside the gates of Union Doek,
not being allowed on the wharf bj the big Companies, and
m at aU incoming boats.
Fellow Workers—Look for the 0. B. U. Button. Ask
Tour Expressman, *
'    Stand at Corner of Alexander and Columbia Avenue
The iM.T. Loggers' Boot
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Buccesion to H. VOS * SON
Next Door <to Loggen' Hall
Phone Seymour SSS Repairs Done While Toa Watt
Abrams the Tailor
614 Hastings VV.
Phone Seymoar 6424
Freeh Out Flowers, Funeral Deiignt, Wedding Bouquets, pet Plant!
Ornamental ud Shad* Tnei, Sttds, Bulbt, Floriiti' Audita
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
tf Hutlngi Stmt Eut 738 OranvUle Stmt
Seymonr 988-671 Seymonr 9613
Shoe Comfort*
combined with ■ h o a
smartnesa Is a feature of
our new low shoei tot
men who are particular.
There's more than comfort and smartness about
these shoes, however.
There'., a sturdlnest tf
construction that insure!
long wear.
The Ingledew Sboe Ct.
"Unlon-Mado Htolwoar"
twelfth tear, no. 29    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    VAKuoirraB
Boys'  Dept.,  8 econd Moor
rRiDAT..„.:..„„..r:r;....j'uiy is, uie
Boys' Suits, $16.50
Does your Boy need a Suit? Something smart for sum-
. liicr, but durable. Well, here it,is.. A smart waistline Suit,
single or double-breasted; slash pockets and belt. Bloomer pants with Governor fasteners. A soundly tailored
and well eut Suit which can be worn with or without
belt. In tasteful grey or brown mixtures. All 100 per
cent, pure guaranteed Wool. Sizes 24 to 33. Price $16.50.
Extra pants can be "had if desired.
For ''Knocking About"
Cool, strongly made, with well-sewn seams,
These neat, durable khaki pants and shirts
are Ideal for open-air wear for the bigger
boys. Tour boy can be as tough in his play
as hi likes; he'll always look neat In khaki.
SHIRTS-Sizes 13% to 14% 1	
PANTS-Sizes 27, 28, 29 	
The bome of
Lenin's Pungent Letter to
British Labor Delegation
Comrades; ' '.'•'**
First of all, permit me to thank
you for sending your delegation
with the object of acquainting Itself with Soviet Russia. When
your' delegation proposed to me to
dispatch through Its intermediary
a letter to the Britiah workers, -and
perhaps also a proposal to the
British government, I answered
that I gratefully accept the first
suggestion, but that tp the government I must address myself not
through the delegation, but directly on behalf of our government,
through   Comrade   Tchitcherln,
We have ln this way addressed
ourselves many times to the Brit-
Copyright 1920 Havt 6ch»(feer & Man
Canada's Largest
Exclusive Store for Hen
and Boys.
Albert* Lumber Company  Makes
Claim for Victim of Street
Auto Crash
Does a street accldet incurred
during working hours Imply lta-
bility under the laws of the Workmen's Compensation Board.
This is a case that ls now presented to the Board by the Alberta Lumber Company on behalf of
a worker named Edward Fitzgerald.-
Fitzgerald, a young returned
veteran, was crossing the street
- from the mill to the office to draw
his pay, when he was knocked
. down and dragged sixty feet by aj
passing auto. The driver dismounted, released his helpless victim and made off. His Identity has
never been learned, although the
company and police have done
everything possible to flnd the man.
Fitzgerald was removed to the
General Hospital, where he waa
treated  for serious  Injuries.
It is the contentions of the company's attorneys that compensation la due. It la a unique precedent. -
The oompany la making a hard
light for. Fitzgerald and believe
the claim will be allowed.
F. L. P. Open Air Meetings
After holding no public meettngs
for about a month the Federated
Labor Party has decided to hold
•pen-air meetings during the sum'
mer months, beginning some time
during the coming week. Regis-
trars for the provincial and do*
minion voters' lists will be ln at*
, tendance at all the meeting! and
avary effort will be made to. get
•very eligible labor voter's name
on to the list The results ln the
Manitoba elections show what can
be .done when the\ working classes
; vote as they strike—all together.
The Workers can do the same here,
but the registering of every labor
voter is the flrst necessity.
Asked1 for Armistice and
Soviet Government
pa, Belgium.—The Polish Premier Grabski, who is here attending tho council of premiers, telegraphed General Pllsudski at Warsaw to open negotiations Immediately for an armistice, with the
Premier Grabski admitted that
the Polish resistance • to -the left,
center and right had broken down
and that it was a question of but
a short time before the Soviet armies might take Warsaw.
The Soviet government has a-
greed to an armistice according to
a dispatch from Paris. ,
Thoughts for
Idle Moments
J. H. Healey
■34-835 Birks Building,
Vancouver, B. O.
Olasses fitted for the relief of
headache and eyestrain.
Junior League (Business Meeting)
The next meeting of the Junior
Labor League will be held
Tuesday, July 20, at the club
rooms, 62 Dufferln Street West.
The Junior League Tennis Club Is
meeting every Saturday at Robson Park, Thirteenth and St
George streets. Young people,
whether members of the J. L. L., or
not, are welcome to join the tennis enthusiasts on Saturday afternoon.
London—Santeri Nuorteva, who
recently arrived In England from
Canada as the emissary of C. A. K.
Martens, Russian Bolsheviki representative *ln the United States, has
been run to earth by the authorities, and will be deported. Nuorteva was admitted to England by
mistake, It was stated. He was
carrying a diplomatic passport
signed by Martens, and the officers
at Liverpool failed to notice the
true nature of the document.
Nuorteva, secretary to Ludwlg C.
A. K. Martens, Russian Soviet
agent In the United States, was
one of 'two Soviet trade envoys
sent to Canada recently from New
York, to confer with Canadian
manufacturers regarding the reopening of trade between Canada
and Russia.
The Ottawa chore-boys for
Montreal and Toronto "business"
Interests are doing some changing
'round these days. Happily, a
gneral election has been avoided
in the shuffle. So far as the workers are  concerned—as  you  were!
What a tribute to the artistic
sense of Canada's newly-made
possessors of credit! Bill and
Dan wilt probably be the flrst to
lay hands on real tainted Bolshevik gold.
Germany Is giving us all a few
useful pointers on how to liquidate debts.
The Manitoba -citizens commtl-
tee bas not yet decided to bar
Labor's elected representatives
now serving terms ln the pen for
daring to do the bidding of their
own class, but such a decision may
be expected before the legislature
Hundreds of wage workers in
British Columbia decided it was
not worth while to register on
the voters' list. Having suffered
disappointment by their own alleged representatives at Victoria
and consistently buncoed by both
the old parties, they have become
disgusted with the whole mess.
If there is one public officeholder at Ottawa* more than another deserving of the contempt of
every member of the working
class, It is that capitalist bell-hop
Gideon Robertson. His Work has
been both vulgar and coarse.
I Mexico City;—Ten thousand
workers in the petroleum fields a-
round Tampico have struck, according to reports received by the
department of labor, industry and
commerce, and private advices
state that the number of men idle
Is nearly twico that figure.
There Is a deadlock In the strike
of the lumber mill workers of the
Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin woods, which is over two
months old.
Oor itle Mill continues and tbe
following prices "will necessitate
prompt tctlon to avoid disappointment. Small deposit—balance oa
easy termn.
Ladies9 Dresses
Latest of New Tork models In
silks, latins, serges, poplins, etc.,
reduced to .the following prices.
$15.25, $21.25, $24.25,
$29.25, $37.25
tie.oo tp
KM up
doling Ont
Girls' Drum
Last thtn
All  wool  Sup  SMrtl,
•11      ■!»■
uid mo,
Men's Suits
Tie  desired  models ef
tko season it only
187.60,  193.20,  137.00,
Built    for    good    hard
wear, plus style
110.60 to  118.60
The daily press Is about due to
start Tl campaign of explanation
for - the vicious lying it has been
found necessary to do of late concerning the situation in Russia.
The "revolutionists" of Bolivia,
South America, are now the'"government." They promptly jailed
the president and members of his
cabinet and thus ended any further trouble. This, because the
majority so decided and acted.
The returned men of British
Columbia seem to be sufficiently
divided now to make lt safe for
the government to tell them to -go
to blazes—along with the democracy they were fighting for,
What, after all, fs the difference
between 10 per cent, and 100 per
cent. In the vulgar traffic of
An assurance of a steady Job
and the "nose-bag" that goes with
It, seems to satisfy a lot of work
Practically the entire berry production of the coast having been
contracted  for  by less  than   half
dozen jam factories, one may
look for a similar situation to that
created by similar methods last
fall on the potato market. It's
a great garnet
Anent the alleged coal ,shortage. What has become of the
great progressive Liberal party
and its "government ownership"
Opposite Province
Sey. 1301
The Bolsheviks are at <last commanding the attention and respect
of capitalist nations. It's all right
—when on the winning side.
In the coming days.of reckoning, the Winnipeg frame-up must
ever be remembered J>y the work
ers. That event will some day
prove the stupidest move the vul
irar newly-rich of Canada ever
The potctoe kings having run
their course, It will be interesting
to note how many bushels are destroyed In the incinerators rather
than permit a cut in the prices.
The Trades Union Congress In
Great Britain has decided to demand the withdrawal of soldiers
from Ireland. Otherwise, the
membership wilt "down tools."
'Compare this aotion with anything the A. F. of L. ever did!
France Is putting "profiteers" in
jail. Canada does their bidding
with hired legislators at Ottawa,  .
throes   and
capitalism's      'death
the    birth-pangs    of
formal and solemn proposals to
start peace negotiations. These
proposals are still being made intermittently by Comrade Litvinoff
and Comrade Krassln, and all our
other representatives. ' The British government consistently does
not accept our proposals, it is,
therefore, not suVprisirig that with
the delegation of British Workers
I should want to speak solely as
with a delegation of workers and
not In my capacity as a representative of the government of Soviet
Russia, but in the capacity of an
ordinary communist
"Wold Bandits."
I was not surprised to find that
the, viewpoint of some of the members of your delegation does not
coincide with that of the working
class, but coincides with the viewpoint of the. bourgeoisie, the class
of exploiters. This ls because In
all capitalist countries the imperialist war has again exposed the
inveterate abscess—namely, the
(desertion of the majority of parliamentary and trade union leaders of the workers to the camp of
the bourgeoisie.
Under the oblique pretence of
the "defence of the country,
actually defending the spoliatory
Interests of one of the two groups
of the world bandits, the Anglo-
French-American or the German
group, they entered into an alliance with the bourgeoisie against
the revolutionary struggle of the
proletariat; they covered up this
tr edson with sentimental shopkeepers, reformist and paclflcst
phrases about peaceful evolution,
about constitutional measures,
about democracy, etc. This was
the case in all countries. It is not
surprising that this very tendency
existing In England has found expression in the composition #f
your delegation.
Shaw. and   Guest,   members   of
your   delegation,   were   obviously
surprised  and  hurt  by. my  statement that England, notwithstanding our peace proposals, notwithstanding tlie declaration    of    her
government,   continues   her   Intervention, Is carrying    on    a    war
against us, helping Wrangel in the,
Crimea and the White Guards tn j
Poland—and~" they     asked     me j
whether I have proofs to thhi ef-
ect, whether I can state how many
trains with munitions were Ml:
ered by England to Poland, otc.
I replied that for the purpose of
getting access to the secret agreement of the British government ilt
Is necessary to overthrow it by
revolutionary means and to lay
hold of all documents of Its foreign policy, as was done by us in
Secret Treaties.
Every educated person, every
one genuinely interested In politics, knew even before the revolution that the Tsar had secret
treaties with the robbed governments of England, France, United
States, Italy and Japan for the
partition of booty about Constantinople, Galicia, Armenia, Syria,
Mesopotamia, etc Only liars and
hypocrites (excepting, of course,
quite Ignorant and illiterate people) could deny this or pretend
not to know It; But without revolution we would never be able to
get the secret documents of the
robber governments of the capital
1st class. Those leaders .or representatives of the British i proletariat—whether they be parliamentarians, trade unionists'. Jour*
n'alists, or other people—-who* protend that they are ignorant of the
existence of secret treaties of England, France, the United States,
Italy, Japan and Poland for the
plundering of other countries, .for
partition of booty, and who>flo
not carry on a revolutionary struggle for the ■ exposure of such
treaties, show thereby, needlessly
once again that they are faithful
servants of the capitalists. ,We
knew this long ago. Wo are exposing this both here and, in Il'l
other countries of the world. The
visit to Russia ot a delegation of
British workers will accelerate the
exposure of such leaders in England as well.
"My labovo-mentioned . interview
with members of your delegation
took place on May 26. A day later
we received radios saying that
Bonar Law conceded ln the British parliament that military help
was rendered to Poland _n Octobpr
"for the defence against Russia"
(of course, only for defence, only
In October).
In England there are still ''Influential labor circles" helping the
capitalists to deceive the workers)
while the periodical the New
Statesman, one of the most moderate of all moderate among middle-class newspapers or periodicals, wrote about the new tanks
being shipped from England »to
Poland, inore powerful than those
used during the war against Ihe
Germans. Is it possible, then, not
to laugh at those "leaders" of the
British workers who, with an air
of hurt Innocence, are asking w&ttt;
proofs" there are that England |
is making war on Russia and <is
helping Poland and the WMt*
Guards In the Crimea?
The Position In England.
, Members of the delegation hata
asked me what I think to be 'of
greater Importance, whether the
formation In England of a consistent revolutionary communist
party or Immediate help of the
working masses ln England to the
cause of peace with Russia. I replied that the answer,to this question depends upon,the convictions
of  those   who   give   the   answer.
of the workers from the yoke of
capital cannot possibly oppose the
foundation of a communist party
that alone Is able to-educate the
working masses not after the
bourgeois and shopkeeper fashion,
that alone ls able actually to expose, deride, and disgrace * "leaders" who are capable of doubting
whether England ls helping FO'
land, etc. It need not be apprehended that there will he In England too many communists, at
even a small communist party Is
not existent there.
But if .'anyone persists still In
Intellectual slavery under the
bourgeoisie and continues to share
 _''"_Zu"**nT-^-liAtbe   middle-class   prejudices   con-
ish   government   with    the   mosncerntnK    ..deniocracy..    (bourgeois
democracy), pacifism, etfc., then,
of course, such people coul4 °hly
Injure the proletariat to an even
greater extent Bhould It occur to
them to call themselves communists and to join the third international, ■.
Such people are not capable of
anything except the adoption of
"sweetened resolutions" against
intervention, which are made up
merely of shopkeepers' phrases.
In a certain respect theBe resolutions are useful inasmuch as the
"old leaders" (the partisans of
bourgeois democracy, peaceful
methods, etc., etc.) will make
themselves -ridiculous In the eyes
of the masses, exposing themselves
the sooner the more resolutions
they pass, which, being empty and
non-committal, are unattended by
revolutionary action. To every
one his due, let the communists
work directly through their party
for the enlightenment of the revolutionary consciousness of the
workers. Let those who supported
the "defence of the country" during the Imperialistic war for the
partition of thc world, who supported the "defence" of the secret
treaty of English capltatsts with
the Tsar for thfi plundering of
Turkey, le,t those who "ore ignorant" of the help Poland and the
White Guards In Russia rendered
by Great Britain, let them quicker
bring up to a ludicrous figure the
number of their "paciflst resolutions." The sooner they wilt
share the fate of Kerensky, the
Mensheviks, and social revolutionists In Russia.
Some of the members of your
delegation h'q,ve asked me with
surprise concerning Red terror,
about the lack of (Jhe freedofti
of the press, about the lack of
freedom of assembly, about our
persecution of Mensheviks and
Menshevik workers, etc. I replied
that the real thilprits of the terror are the imperialists of England and her "allies," who have,
been and are conducting White
terror in Finland and Hungary, In
India and Ireland, who have been
and are supporting Yudenltch,
Koltchak, Denikin, Pilsudsky and
Our Red terror Is a defence of
the working class agalnat the exploiters, it Is the suppression of
the resistance of the exploiters
with whom the soeial revolutionists, the Mensheviks and an Insignificant number of Menshevik
workers aline themselves. The
freedom of the press,and assembly
In a bourgeois democracy. Is tantamount to the freedom of the well-
to-do plot against the working
people. It means freedom of
bribing and buying up newspapers
by the capitalists. I have so often
explained this in the press that
It was not very entertaining to me
to repeat myself.
"Comrado Sylvia Panklinrst."
, However, two days after my In- i
tervlew with your delegates, the
newspapers published a dispatch
saying that In addition to the
rest of Mnnatte and Loriot In
France, Sylvia Pankhurst had
been arrested In England. This
fs the best answer of the British
government to the question which
the noncommunlst "leaders" of
British workers, captivated by
bourgeois prejudices, are even
afraid to ask—namely, the question: Against which class Is the
terror directed?
Whether against the oppressed
and exploited, or against the oppressors and exploiters; whether
It,Is a question of affording "Freedom" to the capitalist to plunder,
defraud, stupefy the working people, or whether the working people are to be "free from the yoke
of capitalists, speculators, property holders." Comrade Sylvia
Pankhurst is the represetnatlve
the   Interests   of  hundreds   of
J. Harrington Says Socialist Propaganda Done
By Government
of     _
millions of people who are oppressed by British and other capitalists, and lt Is on this account
that she becomes an object of tho
white terror, and is deprived of
freedom. The same "leaders" of
workers who arc conducting a
non-communist policy, are 99 per
cent, representatives of the bourgeoise, of Its deceit, of Its prejudices.
In conclusion, I once more
thank you, comrades, for sending
us •your delegation. The fact of
Its getting acquainted with Soviet
Russia, notwithstanding the hostility of many of them toward the
Soviet system and the dictatorship
of the proletariat, notwithstanding thc fact that It Is to an extraordinary extent in the captivity of
bourgeois prejudices, will unavoidably result In' accelerating the failure of capitalism of the whole
world. *
Genuine partisans of the liberation
the new social . order there Is
ample scope for dally newspaper
Local daily newspapers refer to
the "Bolshies" Rule of Terror.
Somehow or other It doesn't seem
the same—as In the good old days
of Czar  Nicholas!
The -Executllve of the Independent Labor Party and the representatives of the United Farmers
of Ontario organizations throughout Algoma, met recently In Sault
Ste. Marie, to arrange some method
of co-operation with a view to
joint political action. The conference was a very representative
ofre and augurs well for the success of the combination of th two
forces. Mr. J. B. Cunningham, M.
L. A., In a speech before the gathering, said: ".We are told by our
opponents that the Interests of the
Labor Party and the U. F. O. are
antagonistic,- but we are met to
gether to dispel this Illusion, and
I om convinced that we can dispel It. The workers In (he field
and factory have much in common,
and it Is to their mutual Interests
to combine.
audience that filled the
building , greeted the _ speaker, J.
Harrington, who occuped the platform for- the Socialist party of
Canada on Sunday evening.
The speaker opened hjB' address
with reference to tlie victorious
career of the: BolsheVIk. allies,
Who had proved they ..could flght
anything that came along. In spite
of all. reports to the; effect they
couldviioti feed themselves. He
left It to the audience to flgure
out what sort of flght they could
put up when. they.were fed. The
Vancouver ...Sun had- published
some eloquent pictures of ..scenes
in Russia, which showed children
wearing caps and shoes, and also
clothing, and.they were .being fed
by the state. Under these pictures
one reads: "Wards of the.state"—
a sort of sneer. In the same paper appeared Illustrations of Canadian citizens being evicted from
their homes in, Ontario by the
R.N.W.M.P.; the'fearless riders of
the plains, and they carried all
their worldly possessions on their
backs—being "free" they ara driven out of thetr homes to starve.
Russia/ Ireland and Mexico were
briefly dealt wtth 'and Marshal
Foch's statement that the people
had not been told the truth about
the war was mentioned. It was
also noted that as time went on
the truth of events was leaking
With an Introduction of the
basic ideas* underlying the methods and results of advertising ns
exemplified by Sunlight soap,
Plnkham' pills, etc., and the application of the psychology of
publicity to the Russian situation,
the speaker had his audience listening Intently as -he made his
points with a clearness and logic
that were a delight to his hearers.
The general topic of conversation
wherever, one goes, Is Russia. The
Bolsheviks had been reported as
agreeing to refrain frbitf attacking
the British and to cease from
propaganda. The best propagand
ists and the most effective are
those crazy Individuals who are
at the head of capitalist class government. "All we can say on this
platform, all the propaganda we
can disseminate throughout Canada Ib not half as effective on the
minds of the working class as such
tactics as are contii/ially being
pulled by the government of the
United States, and less frequently
by the government of Canada."
No member of the working clasB
who has been arrested and convicted on tho absurd charges laid
against htm as ever had hts term
of Imprisonment commuted.
President Wilson, however, has
been petitioned to* commute the
sentence of a cattle dealer who was
convlctd for fraud. There ls a
penalty of 20 ye»rs for a member
of the working class who can be
convicted of circulating propaganda that can be construed as
It Is only those who have already questioned, the form of government td* whom we can appeal,
but all thoBe who think i they have
the joys of life we cannot make
them discontented. Our message
can only appeal to those who
realize that life to them ts something wrong, that conditions are
not what they ought to be; who
realize there Is something more
in this world than they are getting out of lt, and who are seeking some justification for this system. To these people we have an
explanation, and to them our explanation can appeal momentarily,
and they can eventually Judge for
themselves, accept on our say. so
or turn it down, as many of them
do. These are the conditions under which we carry on our work,
conditions that we are not responsible for.
What "we want to know are
facts. We don't want to know
What particular form of society
we are going to enter Into. We
would like to, possibly out of
curiosity, but we realize that lies
In the future. When we get tho
facts we are at least on firm
ground. If we want to travel we
want to be armed with facts, no
matter where we are travelling;
we must have facts to guard us.
' Referring to the recent presidential nominating conventions In
the States, whose object Is to
throw the limelight on the particular Individuals selected. Hav-
Ing directed the attention of every-
body ln the United States to the
candidates they have done what
advertisers are always doing—calling attention to their wares. Prior
to their selection none had heard
of them. It .was necessary that
everyone should' hear of them.
As sure as you look at a paper
during thc next six months you
will see Senator Harding and Governor Cbx,% with their wives, their
cousins and their aunts, and all
that ls theirs.
Now Is the
Time, This Is
the Place
Men's flne quality white canvas shoes, low or   high cut,   with
leather »o1m and heels.  Specially priced at  $3.50
Men's white canvas bal. Rubber
•oles and heels.
Boys' grey canvas, leather caps
and   faced,   with
loathe; soles an'd.
heels Slse' 1 to 5
Men's White Can.
vas tennis shoes,
Best  quality,  all
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
Washington.— Five thousand
draft evaders have been convicted
In federal courts and given sentence of from thirty days to one
year In prison, according to reports compiled on Saturday at the
department of justice. Thirty
thousand cases remain to be Investigated,
Put  a one-cent stamp  on   this
AtMiu   in.l   motl   I*   tn  o   fa-lean*
Three Men Serving Sentences Are
Elected to Manitoba Legislature.
The final results In the Manitoba
elections show that 19 Liberals,
11 Lubor men, nine Farmers, eight
Conservatives snd six so-called independents are eleoted to the
legislature. Deferred elections In
two seats will make up the - 65
members composing the house.
In Winnipeg the Labor party
(which included the Socialist
group) polled.42.5 per cent, of the
first-choice votes and elected four
members; the Liberal party polled
30.4 per cent, and elected four
members, and the Conservative
party polled' 18.7 per cent, and
elected two members. The 11 Independent candidates together
polled 18.4 per cent., but these
candidates were each Independent
of th other, and did not secure
the quota of votes necessary for
Three of,the Labor men elected
to the Manitoba legislature are
Bervlng prison senteiH.es for "seditious conspiracy" In connection
with the Winnipeg general strike
of last year. F. J. Dixon, who
was also elected, was acquitted by
a Jury on the same charge,
Every straight Labor candidate j
nominated outside the city of Winnipeg was elected. Almost every
Independent Farmer running ln
open alliance with Labor
German Spies and Agents
Have Never Been
(By The Federated Press)
New York—(N. T. Bureau) —
President Wilson, In the Interview
which broke nine months' silence,
defied the world ln general and
the Republicans tn particular, to
prove that a "single citizen had been
unwarrantly punished for any act
of aggression or disloyalty against
the nation." The American Civil
Liberties Union, In a letter addressed to the President, finds It
very simple to reduce that statement to a pulp of words.
-The letter which Is signed by
Rose Schnelderman, Oswald Garrison Villard, L. Holllngsworth
Wood and Albert de Silver, members of the national committee of
the Union, declares that ."the established constitutional rights of
American citizens have been vio
lated by the wholesale during and
since the war by the responsible
officers of your administration."
The letter goes on:
"Under thc Espionage Act .not
a single spy or enemy agent ¥&s
been convicted; the overwhelming
majority of the 988 convictions
have been of American.. citizens
against whom the only evidence
of guilt has been the expression
of their opinion ln word or print;
according to our records, over two-
thirds of the cases involved only
expression of opinion In private
conversation or correspondence.
"Specifically, we call to your at
tentlon the cases of Morris Zuck-
er, Vincent St. John, William Powell, Charles W. Steene, Frank L.
Preston and William Hotzke; and
we challenge any person to point
out lh any of these cases a scintilla of evidence of guilt other
than the expression of opinion on
political questions. Moreover,
we wish to point out that these
coses aro not Isolated, -but are typical of hundreds of others.
"Jacob Abrams, Mollie Stelmer,
Hyman Lackowsky, and Samuel
LIppman are serving 16 and 20-
year sentences for distribution of
political hand-bills which, in the
opinion of Mr. Justice Brandeis
and Mr. Justice Holmes, they had
as much right to distribute as the
Constitution of the United States.
"As a matter of fact there are in
prison or out on ball pending appeal today some 800 citlsens whose'
only crime. Is tho expression of the
truth as they saw it. ....
The record of the high-handed
and illegal methods of the Department of Justice In connection with
these cases are ably set forth by
a distinguished committoe of American lawyers In a pamphlet which
we enclose herewith.
In view of the undisputed facts
which these cases present as
brought out In the records of our
courts, we Insist that nothing is
farther from the truth than that
your administration has afforded
scrupulous protection of the rights
of citizens as guaranteed . by the
Scene: - 10 Dowlng street . Ths]
table ls T-shaped and of polished]
mahogany. At the top sits Lloyd
George playing with the black]
cord holding his eye-glasses. Be-
side him' Arthur Balfour, thin.i
white, shrivelled, bent, apparently half asleep. Austen Chamber-'
lain," well-brushed hair and aj
monocle. Lord Curzon, rather fat1
and important, makes notes on a
writing pud. Secretaries at adjacent tables.
At one side of the big table sits]
M.   Krassin,   the  Bolshevik,   Jn
brown   suit;   an   Interpreter,   two]
secretaries   with    documents
Mr, Lloyd George: " . . ,
Well, now, that clears.the ground*
I think. We simply cannot tako
a, big step forward without assurances. Contracts are sacred, and
must be respected. Our peoplo
and the French—particularly tho]
French—have lent millions to Russia; the old Russia. They hold
the scrip for the ItiMslan publie
debt. Can we or can we not have
assurances that these debts will
M.  Krassln:     **   ;       .   it   hi
not the policy of the Soviet gov- ■
ernment of Russia to recognise tha
contracts of the old regime."
Mr. Lloyd George: "But It is
our pollcyrit Is our need."
M. Krassin: "You think it fs
necessary, It Is Imperative, that tba
contracts entered into by and wtth
the Tsarist'government of Russia, should now be respected?"
Mr. Lloyd Geofge: "Certainly,
without qualification!"
M. Krassin: "Very well. That
mens you give us Constantinople."
Lord Curzon glared, Mr. Balfour
chuckled, and Mr. George grinned
with pain, like a man who had
put his foot In a trap, ,
"It Is Impossible," at length said  '
Mr. Lloyd George. .
"Precisely," replied  M. Krassln,   ,
bowing politely,   "Now, lot us gst
to business!" 4
End of round one. The Welsh '
bantam staggered to the ropes oa
the call of time, his seconds protesting against foul play. And
there arose a low confused murmur of wrath and disflppointmeat
among the money-changers, mho
had backed the Welsh bantam ta
beat the silent Siberian, even as ha
had beaten the British workers.—-
Glasgow Forward..
London,—The by-election In
Ballarat, won by Labor, leaves the
Australian ■ ministerialists with a
bare majority over all other parties, but lt Is stated that an anti-
Hughes combination Is unlikely.
Old   Officers  Practimlly  AU  ]
Elected for Another
Term of Office      ,
Election of officers was held at
the'     Vancouver       International '
Trades and Labor Council meet- '
Ing   held   In   the   Labor   Temple, ,
Thursday evening.   F. W.  Walsh,
Plumbers, was re-elected as president;   J.   Sully,   Machinists,   vice- '
president;  Mrs.   Fearn,   Garment
Workers, secretary; J. H. McVety, 1
Machinists,   sec-treas.;   F.   Pools,
Teamsters, sgt.-at-arms. JThe trustees    olected     were    A*  Russell, .
Steam  and  Operating Englneera;
T. Cory, Boot and Shoe Workers;
F. Hcrriott, Barbers; A, Graham,
Hotel arid Restaurant Employees.
The Blacksmiths' Union applied
for affiliation wtth the council a
was accepted.
You Can't
P^y Full
Bruce hns taken at least M
per cent, off tlie price of every
suk ln tlie sltop.
There is' no hold outs, because
this-Isn't a sale to get rid of old
stuff. It's a straight reduction
of 20 per cent.-—and tt goes,
$50 SUITS are
$36 SUITS are


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items